Period
to 20 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Full Stack Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Full Stack Development over the 6 months to 20 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Full Stack Development
UK > England
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 56 60 63
Rank change year-on-year +4 +3 0
Contract jobs citing Full Stack Development 2,588 921 3,011
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.09% 3.62% 3.71%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.58% 4.14% 4.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,040 669 2,328
10th Percentile £363 £329 £356
25th Percentile £429 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £639 £613 £600
90th Percentile £713 £713 £675
UK median daily rate £523 £500 £488
% change year-on-year +4.50% +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 2 10
10th Percentile £42.95 £55.68 £23.53
25th Percentile £56.44 £56.69 £26.56
Median hourly rate £65.50 £59.25 £38.25
Median % change year-on-year +10.55% +54.90% -15.00%
75th Percentile £69.15 £62.69 £49.38
90th Percentile £71.00 £64.23 £57.75
UK median hourly rate £65.50 £47.50 £38.25
% change year-on-year +37.89% +24.18% -15.00%

Full Stack Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 56,487 22,251 71,168
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.23% 87.49% 87.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 39,431 15,168 48,115
10th Percentile £313 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £390 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £481 £475
Median % change year-on-year +6.60% +1.21% +2.70%
75th Percentile £613 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,494 633 1,916
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.02 £11.50
25th Percentile £14.51 £16.00 £14.33
Median hourly rate £24.18 £26.50 £22.86
Median % change year-on-year -8.77% +15.94% +14.29%
75th Percentile £48.75 £46.00 £46.40
90th Percentile £62.45 £55.93 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £24.50 £26.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -5.77% +15.56% +16.02%

Full Stack Development
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Full Stack Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Full Stack Development in England

Full Stack Development
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Full Stack Development in England.

Daily rate trend for Full Stack Development in England

Full Stack Development
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Full Stack Development in England over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Full Stack Development in England

Full Stack Development
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Full Stack Development in England.

Hourly rate trend for Full Stack Development in England

Full Stack Development
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Full Stack Development in England over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Full Stack Development in England

Full Stack Development
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Full Stack Development within the England region over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +12 1,818 £550 +4.76% 625
South East -4 185 £450 -0.58% 181
North of England -35 160 £425 -5.56% 223
South West +26 122 £415 -32.23% 83
Midlands -15 96 £375 +4.17% 128
North West -27 85 £404 -10.28% 147
Yorkshire -16 71 £475 +18.75% 54
East of England -32 49 £475 - 98
West Midlands -38 47 £395 -4.24% 87
East Midlands +3 46 £325 -9.72% 41
North East -27 4 £486 -13.30% 22
Full Stack Development
UK

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Full Stack Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Full Stack Development.

1 1,395 (53.90%) JavaScript
2 1,261 (48.72%) React
3 1,073 (41.46%) Agile Software Development
4 869 (33.58%) Node.js
5 864 (33.38%) AWS
6 779 (30.10%) TypeScript
7 724 (27.98%) AngularJS
8 719 (27.78%) Azure
8 719 (27.78%) Software Engineering
9 688 (26.58%) Java
10 664 (25.66%) .NET
11 632 (24.42%) C#
12 611 (23.61%) SQL
13 609 (23.53%) Finance
14 577 (22.30%) DevOps
15 570 (22.02%) HTML
16 539 (20.83%) Microservices
17 536 (20.71%) Docker
18 532 (20.56%) Serverless
19 531 (20.52%) CSS
20 503 (19.44%) Python
21 482 (18.62%) Kubernetes
22 423 (16.34%) AWS Lambda
23 418 (16.15%) TDD
24 413 (15.96%) Web Services
25 388 (14.99%) Git (software)
26 383 (14.80%) Front Office
27 351 (13.56%) Terraform
28 341 (13.18%) Social Skills
29 316 (12.21%) .NET Core

Full Stack Development
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (2.47%) Elasticsearch
2 46 (1.78%) CMS
3 45 (1.74%) Confluence
4 41 (1.58%) SharePoint
5 40 (1.55%) BizTalk Server
6 36 (1.39%) Apache
7 31 (1.20%) Tomcat
8 26 (1.00%) nginx
9 20 (0.77%) Apache Airflow
10 19 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
10 19 (0.73%) Drupal
11 15 (0.58%) Apache Spark
11 15 (0.58%) EPiServer
12 14 (0.54%) WordPress
13 12 (0.46%) Umbraco
14 10 (0.39%) IIS
15 9 (0.35%) GemFire
15 9 (0.35%) WebSphere
16 8 (0.31%) JBoss
16 8 (0.31%) Moodle
Applications
1 7 (0.27%) Chatbot
2 6 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
4 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.15%) Photoshop
5 3 (0.12%) GIMP
6 2 (0.077%) Figma
7 1 (0.039%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.039%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.039%) Sketch
7 1 (0.039%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 15 (0.58%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.19%) Shopify
3 3 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
3 3 (0.12%) Magento
3 3 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.077%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.039%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.039%) Endur
5 1 (0.039%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.039%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.039%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 864 (33.38%) AWS
2 719 (27.78%) Azure
3 532 (20.56%) Serverless
4 423 (16.34%) AWS Lambda
5 262 (10.12%) Amazon S3
6 207 (8.00%) Amazon SQS
7 182 (7.03%) AWS Step Functions
8 178 (6.88%) GCP
9 79 (3.05%) GitHub
10 74 (2.86%) Amazon EC2
11 67 (2.59%) Azure Functions
11 67 (2.59%) PaaS
12 61 (2.36%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 61 (2.36%) IaaS
12 61 (2.36%) OpenShift
13 58 (2.24%) npm
14 52 (2.01%) SaaS
15 44 (1.70%) Power Platform
16 42 (1.62%) Azure Logic Apps
17 40 (1.55%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 42 (1.62%) HTTP
2 12 (0.46%) Internet
3 10 (0.39%) AMQP
4 8 (0.31%) DNS
5 7 (0.27%) HTTPS
5 7 (0.27%) SAN
6 6 (0.23%) LAN
7 5 (0.19%) Kerberos
7 5 (0.19%) MQTT
7 5 (0.19%) TCP/IP
7 5 (0.19%) VPN
7 5 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
8 3 (0.12%) Bluetooth
8 3 (0.12%) Extranet
8 3 (0.12%) IPv4
8 3 (0.12%) RTMP
8 3 (0.12%) SNMP
8 3 (0.12%) SSL
9 2 (0.077%) Ethernet
9 2 (0.077%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 300 (11.59%) SQL Server
2 292 (11.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 200 (7.73%) Amazon RDS
4 189 (7.30%) MongoDB
5 187 (7.23%) NoSQL
6 127 (4.91%) MySQL
6 127 (4.91%) PostgreSQL
7 95 (3.67%) Relational Database
8 79 (3.05%) Redis
9 61 (2.36%) Azure SQL Database
10 40 (1.55%) Power BI
11 26 (1.00%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 25 (0.97%) RDBMS
13 24 (0.93%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 23 (0.89%) Apache Cassandra
15 21 (0.81%) Neo4j
16 19 (0.73%) Amazon Athena
16 19 (0.73%) MariaDB
17 18 (0.70%) Apache Ignite
17 18 (0.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 388 (14.99%) Git (software)
2 222 (8.58%) Jenkins
3 115 (4.44%) JIRA
4 95 (3.67%) Maven
5 73 (2.82%) Cucumber
6 72 (2.78%) Mocha
7 64 (2.47%) JUnit
7 64 (2.47%) TeamCity
7 64 (2.47%) webpack
8 63 (2.43%) Selenium
9 53 (2.05%) GitLab
10 45 (1.74%) Cypress.io
11 44 (1.70%) Jasmine
12 40 (1.55%) Subversion
13 36 (1.39%) Bitbucket
13 36 (1.39%) JMeter
14 34 (1.31%) Visual Studio
15 32 (1.24%) Sonatype Nexus
16 31 (1.20%) Gradle
17 29 (1.12%) gulp
General
1 609 (23.53%) Finance
2 383 (14.80%) Front Office
3 341 (13.18%) Social Skills
4 219 (8.46%) Banking
5 95 (3.67%) Analytical Skills
6 78 (3.01%) Investment Banking
7 66 (2.55%) Public Sector
8 57 (2.20%) Retail
9 52 (2.01%) Presentation Skills
10 49 (1.89%) Marketing
11 35 (1.35%) Documentation Skills
12 30 (1.16%) Manufacturing
13 26 (1.00%) Games
13 26 (1.00%) Telecoms
14 19 (0.73%) Electronics
15 18 (0.70%) Law
15 18 (0.70%) Organisational Skills
16 16 (0.62%) Publishing
17 15 (0.58%) Automotive
18 13 (0.50%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,992 (76.97%) Developer
2 1,129 (43.62%) Full Stack Developer
3 445 (17.19%) React Developer
4 311 (12.02%) Software Engineer
5 293 (11.32%) JavaScript Developer
6 279 (10.78%) .NET Developer
7 270 (10.43%) Java Developer
8 237 (9.16%) C# Developer
9 157 (6.07%) AWS Developer
10 156 (6.03%) Node.js Developer
10 156 (6.03%) Python Developer
11 153 (5.91%) Senior Developer
12 140 (5.41%) Angular Developer
13 132 (5.10%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 116 (4.48%) JavaScript Engineer
15 99 (3.83%) AWS Engineer
15 99 (3.83%) Python Engineer
16 96 (3.71%) C# .NET Developer
17 79 (3.05%) PHP Developer
18 76 (2.94%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,261 (48.72%) React
2 869 (33.58%) Node.js
3 724 (27.98%) AngularJS
4 664 (25.66%) .NET
5 570 (22.02%) HTML
6 531 (20.52%) CSS
7 413 (15.96%) Web Services
8 316 (12.21%) .NET Core
9 282 (10.90%) Spring
10 243 (9.39%) REST
11 240 (9.27%) GraphQL
12 238 (9.20%) HTML5
13 226 (8.73%) RESTful
14 206 (7.96%) Spring Boot
15 202 (7.81%) Vue.js
16 179 (6.92%) Material-UI
17 150 (5.80%) .NET Framework
18 144 (5.56%) ASP.NET
19 135 (5.22%) CSS3
20 133 (5.14%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 167 (6.45%) User Experience
2 144 (5.56%) Fixed Income
3 116 (4.48%) Equities
4 115 (4.44%) Derivative
5 114 (4.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 108 (4.17%) Cloud Native
7 104 (4.02%) Greenfield Project
8 73 (2.82%) Data Structures
9 71 (2.74%) Mobile App
10 52 (2.01%) Data Protection Act
11 46 (1.78%) Hedge funds
12 40 (1.55%) Algorithms
12 40 (1.55%) Legacy Systems
13 39 (1.51%) Enterprise Software
13 39 (1.51%) Self-Motivation
14 37 (1.43%) Credit Risk
15 26 (1.00%) Public Cloud
16 25 (0.97%) Client/Server
17 22 (0.85%) CMDB
18 16 (0.62%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 82 (3.17%) Linux
2 70 (2.70%) Windows
3 49 (1.89%) Unix
4 18 (0.70%) Android
5 13 (0.50%) Apple iOS
6 11 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (0.27%) Embedded Linux
8 4 (0.15%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.12%) Windows Server
10 2 (0.077%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.039%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.039%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,073 (41.46%) Agile Software Development
2 719 (27.78%) Software Engineering
3 577 (22.30%) DevOps
4 539 (20.83%) Microservices
5 418 (16.15%) TDD
6 283 (10.94%) Asset Management
7 280 (10.82%) Scrum
8 268 (10.36%) Investment Management
9 237 (9.16%) Test Automation
10 196 (7.57%) Front End Development
11 183 (7.07%) Continuous Integration
12 175 (6.76%) Problem-Solving
13 169 (6.53%) Analytics
13 169 (6.53%) MVC
13 169 (6.53%) SDLC
14 159 (6.14%) BDD
14 159 (6.14%) Unit Testing
15 154 (5.95%) Web Development
16 146 (5.64%) OO
17 145 (5.60%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1,395 (53.90%) JavaScript
2 779 (30.10%) TypeScript
3 688 (26.58%) Java
4 632 (24.42%) C#
5 611 (23.61%) SQL
6 503 (19.44%) Python
7 160 (6.18%) PHP
8 136 (5.26%) C++
9 115 (4.44%) Kotlin
10 96 (3.71%) Go
11 80 (3.09%) Java 8
12 59 (2.28%) ES6
12 59 (2.28%) PL/SQL
13 55 (2.13%) Scala
14 53 (2.05%) Ruby
14 53 (2.05%) T-SQL
15 24 (0.93%) PowerShell
16 23 (0.89%) C
17 20 (0.77%) Shell Script
18 19 (0.73%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 100 (3.86%) Degree
2 93 (3.59%) Security Cleared
3 72 (2.78%) SC Cleared
4 32 (1.24%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (0.50%) Master's Degree
6 10 (0.39%) AWS Certification
7 9 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
7 9 (0.35%) Sun Certification
8 8 (0.31%) Numerate Degree
9 4 (0.15%) ISTQB
9 4 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 3 (0.12%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
10 3 (0.12%) PhD
11 2 (0.077%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.077%) MCSA
11 2 (0.077%) Postgraduate
11 2 (0.077%) TOGAF Certification
12 1 (0.039%) CEH
12 1 (0.039%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 95 (3.67%) Accessibility
2 66 (2.55%) QA
3 10 (0.39%) GDPR
4 8 (0.31%) PMO
4 8 (0.31%) WCAG
5 2 (0.077%) GRC
5 2 (0.077%) SLA
6 1 (0.039%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.039%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.039%) WAI
System Software
1 536 (20.71%) Docker
2 21 (0.81%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.077%) iptables
4 2 (0.077%) Postfix
5 1 (0.039%) KVM
5 1 (0.039%) OpenAM
5 1 (0.039%) Shibboleth
5 1 (0.039%) Varnish
5 1 (0.039%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 482 (18.62%) Kubernetes
2 351 (13.56%) Terraform
3 82 (3.17%) Ansible
4 32 (1.24%) Prometheus
5 28 (1.08%) Puppet
6 25 (0.97%) Grafana
6 25 (0.97%) Graphite
7 24 (0.93%) Kibana
8 16 (0.62%) MIIS
8 16 (0.62%) Opscode Chef
9 12 (0.46%) logstash
10 8 (0.31%) Packer
11 6 (0.23%) HP Fortify
12 5 (0.19%) Istio
13 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Intune
13 4 (0.15%) Tivoli
14 3 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
15 2 (0.077%) Consul
15 2 (0.077%) HP ALM
15 2 (0.077%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 191 (7.38%) Oracle
2 181 (6.99%) Microsoft
3 68 (2.63%) Google
4 39 (1.51%) MuleSoft
5 34 (1.31%) Splunk
6 24 (0.93%) SAP
7 20 (0.77%) Telerik
8 17 (0.66%) IBM
8 17 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
9 16 (0.62%) New Relic
10 11 (0.43%) Dynatrace
11 10 (0.39%) AppDynamics
11 10 (0.39%) Perfecto Mobile
12 9 (0.35%) Sitecore
13 8 (0.31%) Adobe
13 8 (0.31%) Apple
13 8 (0.31%) ESRI
13 8 (0.31%) HP
13 8 (0.31%) Red Hat
13 8 (0.31%) Sybase