Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for C# skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited C# over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

C#
UK > England
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 34 18 16
Rank change year-on-year -16 -2 -3
Contract jobs citing C# 2,143 4,501 7,393
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.52% 7.44% 8.29%
As % of the Programming Languages category 13.22% 18.06% 18.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,856 3,516 5,884
Median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £313 £325 £325
90th Percentile £688 £638 £650
UK median daily rate £470 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +4.44% - +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 55 46 77
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.83 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.92% +9.33% -0.57%
10th Percentile £34.00 £40.25 £23.08
90th Percentile £57.50 £55.63 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £47.67 £43.00
% change year-on-year -5.59% +10.85% -1.15%

C# is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,212 24,917 39,319
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.77% 41.20% 44.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,449 17,683 28,163
Median daily rate £490 £490 £484
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +1.24% +1.89%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £485 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +2.11% - +3.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 381 458 573
Median hourly rate £42.50 £44.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.41% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £16.32 £17.15 £17.50
90th Percentile £58.75 £56.63 £52.50
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -2.30% +2.35% +6.25%

C#
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing C# as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for C# in England

C#
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing C# in England.

Daily rate trend for C# in England

C#
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing C# in England over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for C# in England

C#
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing C# in England.

Hourly rate trend for C# in England

C#
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing C# in England over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for C# in England

C#
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing C# within the England region over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -10 1,316 £550 +7.00% 674
North of England -19 210 £375 -6.25% 539
South East -23 209 £450 +5.88% 465
Midlands -20 139 £370 -12.94% 398
North West -9 135 £386 -3.44% 294
South West -19 97 £450 +4.05% 220
West Midlands -16 96 £375 -17.81% 221
East of England -5 72 £425 - 182
Yorkshire -22 59 £375 -6.25% 196
East Midlands -27 37 £350 -2.10% 173
North East -9 16 £425 +6.25% 49
C#
UK

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing C# also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for C#.

1 1,426 (66.54%) .NET
2 862 (40.22%) Azure
3 783 (36.54%) Agile Software Development
4 735 (34.30%) SQL
5 628 (29.30%) JavaScript
6 545 (25.43%) SQL Server
7 502 (23.43%) .NET Core
8 488 (22.77%) DevOps
9 399 (18.62%) Software Engineering
10 397 (18.53%) Java
11 367 (17.13%) Python
11 367 (17.13%) Microservices
12 362 (16.89%) Microsoft
13 351 (16.38%) Finance
14 344 (16.05%) TDD
15 336 (15.68%) C++
16 331 (15.45%) ASP.NET
17 310 (14.47%) Banking
18 304 (14.19%) React
19 303 (14.14%) AngularJS
20 296 (13.81%) HTML
21 288 (13.44%) Test Automation
22 274 (12.79%) AWS
23 273 (12.74%) Front Office
24 266 (12.41%) CSS
25 242 (11.29%) MVC
26 230 (10.73%) .NET Framework
27 227 (10.59%) Kubernetes
28 223 (10.41%) Git (software)
29 217 (10.13%) Web Services

C#
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (3.69%) SharePoint
2 33 (1.54%) Apache Spark
2 33 (1.54%) Confluence
3 30 (1.40%) BizTalk Server
4 27 (1.26%) CMS
4 27 (1.26%) IIS
5 25 (1.17%) Apache
5 25 (1.17%) NServiceBus
6 21 (0.98%) Elasticsearch
7 19 (0.89%) Umbraco
8 9 (0.42%) EPiServer
9 6 (0.28%) Mendix
9 6 (0.28%) SAS
10 5 (0.23%) DNN
10 5 (0.23%) Oracle Coherence
10 5 (0.23%) SharePoint 2013
11 4 (0.19%) ColdFusion
11 4 (0.19%) SharePoint 2010
11 4 (0.19%) Sitecore CMS
12 3 (0.14%) Tomcat
Applications
1 31 (1.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (0.47%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
6 4 (0.19%) Maya
7 2 (0.093%) 3ds Max
7 2 (0.093%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.093%) InfoPath
7 2 (0.093%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.047%) Adobe After Effects
8 1 (0.047%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.047%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.047%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.047%) CINEMA 4D
8 1 (0.047%) Doxygen
8 1 (0.047%) Figma
8 1 (0.047%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.047%) Pipeline Pilot
8 1 (0.047%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 47 (2.19%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.37%) Dynamics NAV
3 6 (0.28%) SunGard Martini
4 5 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
5 4 (0.19%) Markit EDM
5 4 (0.19%) Sentinel
5 4 (0.19%) Summit
6 3 (0.14%) Oracle Utilities
7 2 (0.093%) Magento
7 2 (0.093%) OPENHousing
7 2 (0.093%) Shopify
7 2 (0.093%) Teamcenter
7 2 (0.093%) thinkFolio
7 2 (0.093%) Unit4 Business World
8 1 (0.047%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.047%) Cerner Millennium
8 1 (0.047%) Global One
8 1 (0.047%) OpenText MBPM
8 1 (0.047%) SAP CRM
8 1 (0.047%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 862 (40.22%) Azure
2 274 (12.79%) AWS
3 141 (6.58%) Serverless
4 104 (4.85%) Power Platform
5 97 (4.53%) Azure Functions
6 74 (3.45%) Logic Apps
7 73 (3.41%) GCP
7 73 (3.41%) PaaS
8 68 (3.17%) GitHub
9 60 (2.80%) Dynamics 365
10 44 (2.05%) PowerApps
11 42 (1.96%) Azure Active Directory
12 41 (1.91%) IaaS
13 39 (1.82%) AWS Lambda
14 36 (1.68%) Power Automate
15 34 (1.59%) Cloud Computing
15 34 (1.59%) Microsoft 365
16 32 (1.49%) SaaS
17 30 (1.40%) Azure Data Factory
18 23 (1.07%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 30 (1.40%) HTTP
1 30 (1.40%) TCP/IP
2 15 (0.70%) Ethernet
3 14 (0.65%) SNMP
4 12 (0.56%) Firewall
4 12 (0.56%) VLAN
5 11 (0.51%) RS-485
6 10 (0.47%) WAN
7 9 (0.42%) ATM
8 8 (0.37%) DNS
8 8 (0.37%) Intranet
8 8 (0.37%) Modbus
8 8 (0.37%) Network Security
8 8 (0.37%) Reverse Proxy
9 7 (0.33%) Internet
9 7 (0.33%) RS-422
10 5 (0.23%) SSL
11 4 (0.19%) DHCP
11 4 (0.19%) FTP
11 4 (0.19%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 545 (25.43%) SQL Server
2 125 (5.83%) Azure SQL Database
3 112 (5.23%) NoSQL
4 109 (5.09%) MongoDB
5 88 (4.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 66 (3.08%) Power BI
7 65 (3.03%) Relational Database
8 56 (2.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 54 (2.52%) MySQL
10 49 (2.29%) Cosmos DB
11 35 (1.63%) PostgreSQL
12 33 (1.54%) Data Warehouse
13 30 (1.40%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 26 (1.21%) OLTP
15 24 (1.12%) Data Lake
15 24 (1.12%) Oracle Database
16 23 (1.07%) Redis
16 23 (1.07%) SQL Server 2008
17 21 (0.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 19 (0.89%) Big Data
Development Applications
1 223 (10.41%) Git (software)
2 152 (7.09%) Visual Studio
3 126 (5.88%) Jenkins
4 124 (5.79%) Selenium
5 120 (5.60%) JIRA
6 79 (3.69%) SpecFlow
7 73 (3.41%) TeamCity
8 58 (2.71%) Visual Studio Team System
9 56 (2.61%) Octopus Deploy
10 55 (2.57%) Team Foundation Server
11 49 (2.29%) Subversion
12 48 (2.24%) Postman
13 45 (2.10%) Cucumber
14 39 (1.82%) NUnit
15 28 (1.31%) SoapUI
16 27 (1.26%) JMeter
17 26 (1.21%) Bitbucket
18 25 (1.17%) webpack
19 24 (1.12%) NetBeans
19 24 (1.12%) WebDriver
General
1 351 (16.38%) Finance
2 310 (14.47%) Banking
3 273 (12.74%) Front Office
4 175 (8.17%) Investment Banking
5 74 (3.45%) Public Sector
6 46 (2.15%) Games
7 41 (1.91%) Law
8 33 (1.54%) Marketing
9 28 (1.31%) Retail
10 24 (1.12%) Back Office
11 20 (0.93%) Aerospace
12 18 (0.84%) Electronics
12 18 (0.84%) Financial Institution
12 18 (0.84%) Telecoms
13 15 (0.70%) Military
14 8 (0.37%) Billing
14 8 (0.37%) Manufacturing
14 8 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
14 8 (0.37%) Retail Banking
15 6 (0.28%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,383 (64.54%) Developer
2 543 (25.34%) .NET Developer
3 494 (23.05%) C# Developer
4 215 (10.03%) C# .NET Developer
5 200 (9.33%) Software Engineer
6 145 (6.77%) Full Stack Developer
6 145 (6.77%) Senior Developer
7 121 (5.65%) Software Developer
8 104 (4.85%) Azure Developer
9 99 (4.62%) SQL Developer
10 74 (3.45%) React Developer
11 70 (3.27%) C# Software Engineer
12 62 (2.89%) C++ Developer
13 61 (2.85%) Architect
14 60 (2.80%) Angular Developer
15 59 (2.75%) Analyst
16 58 (2.71%) DevOps Engineer
16 58 (2.71%) Lead Developer
17 54 (2.52%) .NET Software Engineer
17 54 (2.52%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,426 (66.54%) .NET
2 502 (23.43%) .NET Core
3 331 (15.45%) ASP.NET
4 304 (14.19%) React
5 303 (14.14%) AngularJS
6 296 (13.81%) HTML
7 266 (12.41%) CSS
8 230 (10.73%) .NET Framework
9 217 (10.13%) Web Services
10 209 (9.75%) ASP.NET Web API
11 169 (7.89%) REST
12 125 (5.83%) RESTful
13 121 (5.65%) XML
14 115 (5.37%) HTML5
15 111 (5.18%) JSON
15 111 (5.18%) WPF
16 101 (4.71%) Node.js
17 100 (4.67%) jQuery
18 93 (4.34%) ASP.NET Core
19 91 (4.25%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 166 (7.75%) Greenfield Project
2 136 (6.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 109 (5.09%) Analytical Skills
4 99 (4.62%) Derivative
5 76 (3.55%) Fixed Income
6 75 (3.50%) User Experience
7 55 (2.57%) Equities
8 50 (2.33%) Hedge funds
9 47 (2.19%) Cloud Native
9 47 (2.19%) Data Structures
10 44 (2.05%) Mobile App
11 41 (1.91%) Algorithms
12 37 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
13 32 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
14 28 (1.31%) N-Tier
15 22 (1.03%) Public Cloud
16 20 (0.93%) Credit Risk
16 20 (0.93%) Management Information System
16 20 (0.93%) NHS
17 15 (0.70%) Grid Computing
Operating Systems
1 188 (8.77%) Windows
2 138 (6.44%) Linux
3 57 (2.66%) Android
4 51 (2.38%) Apple iOS
5 20 (0.93%) Unix
5 20 (0.93%) Windows 10
6 19 (0.89%) Windows Server
7 14 (0.65%) CentOS
8 12 (0.56%) Windows Server 2016
9 10 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 5 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
10 5 (0.23%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.14%) Solaris
11 3 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.093%) AIX
12 2 (0.093%) VMS
13 1 (0.047%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.047%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.047%) VxWorks
13 1 (0.047%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 783 (36.54%) Agile Software Development
2 488 (22.77%) DevOps
3 399 (18.62%) Software Engineering
4 367 (17.13%) Microservices
5 344 (16.05%) TDD
6 288 (13.44%) Test Automation
7 242 (11.29%) MVC
8 198 (9.24%) Scrum
9 189 (8.82%) BDD
10 163 (7.61%) Continuous Integration
11 131 (6.11%) Unit Testing
12 129 (6.02%) Problem-Solving
13 122 (5.69%) OO
14 120 (5.60%) Analytics
15 116 (5.41%) SDLC
16 110 (5.13%) Multithreading
17 93 (4.34%) Fintech
18 89 (4.15%) Computer Science
18 89 (4.15%) Web Development
19 88 (4.11%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 735 (34.30%) SQL
2 628 (29.30%) JavaScript
3 397 (18.53%) Java
4 367 (17.13%) Python
5 336 (15.68%) C++
6 201 (9.38%) PowerShell
7 167 (7.79%) TypeScript
8 138 (6.44%) T-SQL
9 81 (3.78%) Go
10 76 (3.55%) Kotlin
11 64 (2.99%) C
12 62 (2.89%) PL/SQL
13 56 (2.61%) Scala
14 47 (2.19%) VB.NET
15 45 (2.10%) VB
16 42 (1.96%) Bash Shell
17 40 (1.87%) PHP
18 26 (1.21%) VBA
19 25 (1.17%) Ruby
20 24 (1.12%) Perl
Qualifications
1 171 (7.98%) Security Cleared
2 130 (6.07%) SC Cleared
3 110 (5.13%) Degree
4 35 (1.63%) Computer Science Degree
5 26 (1.21%) DV Cleared
6 18 (0.84%) ISTQB
7 15 (0.70%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 11 (0.51%) ISEB
9 8 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
9 8 (0.37%) Master's Degree
10 6 (0.28%) CompTIA Security+
10 6 (0.28%) GCFA
10 6 (0.28%) PhD
11 3 (0.14%) BC Cleared
11 3 (0.14%) Chartered Engineer
11 3 (0.14%) DBS Check
11 3 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.093%) CCNP
12 2 (0.093%) Cisco Certification
12 2 (0.093%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 127 (5.93%) QA
2 11 (0.51%) NIST
3 9 (0.42%) SLA
4 8 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.23%) PCI DSS
5 5 (0.23%) WCAG
6 4 (0.19%) NCSC
7 3 (0.14%) GDPR
8 2 (0.093%) Cyber Essentials
8 2 (0.093%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.093%) Dodd-Frank
9 1 (0.047%) EMIR
9 1 (0.047%) Good Clinical Practice
9 1 (0.047%) Government Security Classifications
9 1 (0.047%) HL7
9 1 (0.047%) MiFID
9 1 (0.047%) MISRA
9 1 (0.047%) MISRA C
9 1 (0.047%) WAI
System Software
1 213 (9.94%) Docker
2 59 (2.75%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
3 10 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.37%) vSphere
5 6 (0.28%) Firmware
6 3 (0.14%) LXC
7 2 (0.093%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (0.093%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.047%) BitLocker
8 1 (0.047%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 227 (10.59%) Kubernetes
2 151 (7.05%) Terraform
3 65 (3.03%) Ansible
4 31 (1.45%) Opscode Chef
5 20 (0.93%) Puppet
6 19 (0.89%) HP ALM
7 12 (0.56%) Prometheus
8 11 (0.51%) Grafana
9 8 (0.37%) HP Fortify
9 8 (0.37%) Packer
9 8 (0.37%) ZABBIX
10 5 (0.23%) Control-M
10 5 (0.23%) Foglight
10 5 (0.23%) MIIS
10 5 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
11 3 (0.14%) HP Quality Center
11 3 (0.14%) Istio
11 3 (0.14%) Kibana
11 3 (0.14%) SCOM
11 3 (0.14%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 362 (16.89%) Microsoft
2 144 (6.72%) Oracle
3 39 (1.82%) Google
4 37 (1.73%) Xamarin
5 27 (1.26%) MuleSoft
6 24 (1.12%) Bloomberg
6 24 (1.12%) HP
7 23 (1.07%) Atlassian
7 23 (1.07%) VMware
8 22 (1.03%) Databricks
9 20 (0.93%) ServiceNow
10 18 (0.84%) DevExpress
10 18 (0.84%) Splunk
11 16 (0.75%) Sitecore
11 16 (0.75%) TIBCO
12 15 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
12 15 (0.70%) SAP
13 12 (0.56%) New Relic
13 12 (0.56%) Telerik
14 11 (0.51%) Sybase