Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for C# skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited C# over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

C#
UK > England
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 32 28 17
Rank change year-on-year -4 -11 -4
Contract jobs citing C# 4,005 1,647 6,078
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.94% 6.14% 7.88%
As % of the Programming Languages category 14.96% 14.24% 18.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,084 1,212 4,634
10th Percentile £350 £314 £325
25th Percentile £413 £400 £377
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £488 £450
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% -
75th Percentile £638 £600 £538
90th Percentile £750 £700 £631
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 17 65
10th Percentile £36.19 £27.63 £37.86
25th Percentile £42.50 £35.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate £48.50 £45.91 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +5.64% -3.35% +11.76%
75th Percentile £58.13 £55.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £62.15 £59.31 £56.70
UK median hourly rate £48.50 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +7.78% - +5.88%

C# is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,771 11,568 32,649
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 39.73% 43.12% 42.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,526 8,214 23,173
10th Percentile £363 £313 £325
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £498 £488
Median % change year-on-year +5.53% +2.05% +2.63%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £575
90th Percentile £713 £694 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £482 £475
% change year-on-year +9.03% +1.37% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 395 227 578
10th Percentile £17.10 £12.63 £18.13
25th Percentile £25.25 £21.25 £33.44
Median hourly rate £45.45 £37.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +21.20% -16.67% +6.58%
75th Percentile £58.73 £47.50 £51.25
90th Percentile £65.54 £55.00 £55.15
UK median hourly rate £45.45 £37.50 £44.50
% change year-on-year +21.20% -15.73% +5.95%

C#
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing C# as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for C# in England

C#
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing C# in England.

Daily rate trend for C# in England

C#
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing C# in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for C# in England

C#
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing C# in England.

Hourly rate trend for C# in England

C#
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing C# in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for C# in England

C#
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing C# within the England region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 2,362 £600 +9.09% 998
North of England +18 439 £413 +10.00% 628
South East -7 406 £450 - 495
North West +11 281 £405 +8.00% 372
Midlands -13 236 £403 +7.33% 447
South West 0 174 £425 +0.95% 197
East of England 0 156 £413 -2.94% 237
Yorkshire +19 135 £428 +22.14% 185
West Midlands -26 131 £420 +5.00% 262
East Midlands +15 105 £375 +4.17% 185
North East +1 25 £445 +18.67% 71
C#
UK

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing C# also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for C#.

1 2,750 (68.66%) .NET
2 1,637 (40.87%) Azure
3 1,620 (40.45%) Agile Software Development
4 1,495 (37.33%) SQL
5 1,178 (29.41%) JavaScript
6 1,153 (28.79%) SQL Server
7 1,092 (27.27%) DevOps
8 900 (22.47%) .NET Core
9 849 (21.20%) Microsoft
10 840 (20.97%) Finance
11 811 (20.25%) Social Skills
12 754 (18.83%) Java
13 732 (18.28%) Software Engineering
14 686 (17.13%) AngularJS
15 680 (16.98%) ASP.NET
16 677 (16.90%) .NET Framework
17 661 (16.50%) Full Stack Development
18 631 (15.76%) HTML
19 623 (15.56%) Python
20 615 (15.36%) Microservices
21 605 (15.11%) TDD
22 582 (14.53%) Test Automation
23 570 (14.23%) Git (software)
24 564 (14.08%) CSS
25 556 (13.88%) Scrum
26 519 (12.96%) MVC
27 518 (12.93%) Banking
28 493 (12.31%) C++
29 479 (11.96%) React
30 470 (11.74%) Windows

C#
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 209 (5.22%) SharePoint
2 144 (3.60%) Confluence
3 84 (2.10%) BizTalk Server
4 69 (1.72%) IIS
5 49 (1.22%) CMS
5 49 (1.22%) Elasticsearch
6 35 (0.87%) Apache Spark
7 32 (0.80%) Umbraco
8 25 (0.62%) Apache
9 19 (0.47%) Oracle Coherence
10 13 (0.32%) EPiServer
11 12 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 12 (0.30%) SharePoint 2010
11 12 (0.30%) SharePoint Server
12 9 (0.22%) Appian
13 8 (0.20%) Kentico
14 7 (0.17%) Apache Airflow
14 7 (0.17%) Apache Pig
14 7 (0.17%) IBM Domino
14 7 (0.17%) nginx
Applications
1 131 (3.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 35 (0.87%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (0.52%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 17 (0.42%) MS Visio
5 8 (0.20%) Chatbot
5 8 (0.20%) InfoPath
6 6 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
8 4 (0.100%) Simulink
9 3 (0.075%) Mingle
10 2 (0.050%) Maya
10 2 (0.050%) SOLIDWORKS
11 1 (0.025%) FileZilla
11 1 (0.025%) LaTeX
11 1 (0.025%) MotionBuilder
11 1 (0.025%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 86 (2.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 36 (0.90%) SunGard Martini
3 19 (0.47%) Dynamics AX
4 12 (0.30%) Orchestrade
4 12 (0.30%) Sentinel
5 8 (0.20%) Endur
6 7 (0.17%) Magento
6 7 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
6 7 (0.17%) Shopify
7 6 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
8 5 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 4 (0.100%) SAP S/4HANA
10 3 (0.075%) Dynamics NAV
10 3 (0.075%) Exchequer
10 3 (0.075%) Global One
11 2 (0.050%) Cerner Millennium
11 2 (0.050%) Dynamics GP
11 2 (0.050%) Loan IQ
11 2 (0.050%) SAP Oil and Gas
11 2 (0.050%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 1,637 (40.87%) Azure
2 420 (10.49%) AWS
3 291 (7.27%) Serverless
4 243 (6.07%) Power Platform
5 212 (5.29%) Azure Functions
6 190 (4.74%) Azure Service Bus
7 174 (4.34%) Azure Cosmos DB
8 138 (3.45%) PaaS
9 131 (3.27%) Azure Logic Apps
10 124 (3.10%) Dynamics 365
11 120 (3.00%) GCP
12 109 (2.72%) GitHub
13 107 (2.67%) Azure Data Factory
14 100 (2.50%) PowerApps
15 88 (2.20%) Microsoft 365
16 87 (2.17%) SaaS
17 85 (2.12%) Azure Active Directory
17 85 (2.12%) OpenShift
18 81 (2.02%) Power Automate
19 79 (1.97%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 64 (1.60%) TCP/IP
2 61 (1.52%) HTTP
3 42 (1.05%) Firewall
4 41 (1.02%) Network Security
5 32 (0.80%) RTMP
6 25 (0.62%) Internet
7 18 (0.45%) Kerberos
8 17 (0.42%) Ethernet
9 12 (0.30%) BGP
9 12 (0.30%) Reverse Proxy
10 10 (0.25%) Intranet
11 8 (0.20%) Modbus
11 8 (0.20%) SSL
12 5 (0.12%) FTP
12 5 (0.12%) RS-422
12 5 (0.12%) RS-485
12 5 (0.12%) SAN
12 5 (0.12%) SSH
13 4 (0.100%) NAS
13 4 (0.100%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,153 (28.79%) SQL Server
2 209 (5.22%) Relational Database
3 181 (4.52%) Power BI
4 179 (4.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 178 (4.44%) Azure SQL Database
6 140 (3.50%) NoSQL
7 127 (3.17%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 110 (2.75%) Data Warehouse
9 93 (2.32%) Data Lake
10 89 (2.22%) MongoDB
10 89 (2.22%) MySQL
11 86 (2.15%) Oracle Database
12 76 (1.90%) PostgreSQL
13 54 (1.35%) Big Data
13 54 (1.35%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 52 (1.30%) SQL Server 2016
15 48 (1.20%) Tableau
16 45 (1.12%) Oracle Database 12c
17 38 (0.95%) RDBMS
18 32 (0.80%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 570 (14.23%) Git (software)
2 304 (7.59%) Visual Studio
3 299 (7.47%) Jenkins
4 274 (6.84%) JIRA
5 245 (6.12%) TeamCity
6 218 (5.44%) Selenium
7 189 (4.72%) SpecFlow
8 137 (3.42%) Team Foundation Server
9 120 (3.00%) Subversion
10 102 (2.55%) Bitbucket
11 101 (2.52%) Octopus Deploy
12 99 (2.47%) NUnit
13 85 (2.12%) Postman
14 81 (2.02%) Visual Studio Team System
15 78 (1.95%) Maven
16 67 (1.67%) Artifactory
16 67 (1.67%) Cucumber
17 59 (1.47%) JMeter
18 55 (1.37%) WebDriver
19 53 (1.32%) webpack
General
1 840 (20.97%) Finance
2 811 (20.25%) Social Skills
3 518 (12.93%) Banking
4 383 (9.56%) Front Office
5 265 (6.62%) Analytical Skills
6 256 (6.39%) Investment Banking
7 102 (2.55%) Public Sector
8 89 (2.22%) Marketing
9 72 (1.80%) Presentation Skills
10 68 (1.70%) Retail
11 64 (1.60%) Games
12 45 (1.12%) Telecoms
13 33 (0.82%) Back Office
13 33 (0.82%) Law
14 32 (0.80%) Financial Institution
15 31 (0.77%) Electronics
16 30 (0.75%) Manufacturing
17 29 (0.72%) Aerospace
18 28 (0.70%) Legal
19 24 (0.60%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 2,567 (64.09%) Developer
2 1,054 (26.32%) C# Developer
3 993 (24.79%) .NET Developer
4 417 (10.41%) C# .NET Developer
5 319 (7.97%) Full Stack Developer
6 280 (6.99%) Software Engineer
7 219 (5.47%) Azure Developer
8 213 (5.32%) Software Developer
9 198 (4.94%) Senior Developer
10 179 (4.47%) Angular Developer
11 173 (4.32%) Architect
12 160 (4.00%) SQL Developer
13 159 (3.97%) React Developer
14 144 (3.60%) Analyst
15 128 (3.20%) Front Office Developer
16 122 (3.05%) C# Software Engineer
17 116 (2.90%) C# Software Developer
17 116 (2.90%) JavaScript Developer
18 107 (2.67%) Consultant
19 102 (2.55%) C++ Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,750 (68.66%) .NET
2 900 (22.47%) .NET Core
3 686 (17.13%) AngularJS
4 680 (16.98%) ASP.NET
5 677 (16.90%) .NET Framework
6 631 (15.76%) HTML
7 564 (14.08%) CSS
8 479 (11.96%) React
9 366 (9.14%) ASP.NET Web API
10 342 (8.54%) REST
11 268 (6.69%) Entity Framework
11 268 (6.69%) Web Services
12 266 (6.64%) RESTful
13 261 (6.52%) Node.js
14 255 (6.37%) WPF
15 236 (5.89%) HTML5
16 210 (5.24%) XML
17 209 (5.22%) JSON
18 181 (4.52%) ASP.NET MVC
19 167 (4.17%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 198 (4.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 193 (4.82%) Greenfield Project
3 160 (4.00%) Derivative
4 143 (3.57%) User Experience
5 121 (3.02%) Fixed Income
6 96 (2.40%) Equities
7 93 (2.32%) Hedge funds
8 91 (2.27%) Data Protection Act
9 88 (2.20%) Data Structures
10 85 (2.12%) Cloud Native
11 81 (2.02%) Mobile App
12 68 (1.70%) Legacy Systems
13 67 (1.67%) Self-Motivation
14 54 (1.35%) Credit Risk
15 50 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
16 42 (1.05%) Market Risk
17 31 (0.77%) Management Information System
18 29 (0.72%) N-Tier
19 27 (0.67%) Client/Server
19 27 (0.67%) Interest Rate Derivative
Operating Systems
1 470 (11.74%) Windows
2 191 (4.77%) Linux
3 59 (1.47%) Android
4 52 (1.30%) Unix
5 50 (1.25%) Windows Server
6 45 (1.12%) Apple iOS
7 18 (0.45%) Ubuntu
8 17 (0.42%) Windows Server 2012
9 16 (0.40%) Windows Server 2016
9 16 (0.40%) Windows XP
10 12 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 7 (0.17%) VMS
12 6 (0.15%) Windows Server 2019
13 5 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
14 4 (0.100%) Solaris
14 4 (0.100%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.075%) Debian
15 3 (0.075%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.075%) VxWorks
16 2 (0.050%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,620 (40.45%) Agile Software Development
2 1,092 (27.27%) DevOps
3 732 (18.28%) Software Engineering
4 661 (16.50%) Full Stack Development
5 615 (15.36%) Microservices
6 605 (15.11%) TDD
7 582 (14.53%) Test Automation
8 556 (13.88%) Scrum
9 519 (12.96%) MVC
10 405 (10.11%) Continuous Integration
11 382 (9.54%) Unit Testing
12 295 (7.37%) Problem-Solving
13 291 (7.27%) OO
14 259 (6.47%) Analytics
15 258 (6.44%) SDLC
16 233 (5.82%) BDD
17 214 (5.34%) Business Intelligence
18 200 (4.99%) SOLID
19 194 (4.84%) Web Development
20 192 (4.79%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 1,495 (37.33%) SQL
2 1,178 (29.41%) JavaScript
3 754 (18.83%) Java
4 623 (15.56%) Python
5 493 (12.31%) C++
6 460 (11.49%) TypeScript
7 315 (7.87%) PowerShell
8 245 (6.12%) T-SQL
9 166 (4.14%) VB.NET
10 128 (3.20%) VBA
11 122 (3.05%) Go
12 114 (2.85%) PL/SQL
13 104 (2.60%) VB
14 96 (2.40%) PHP
15 92 (2.30%) C
16 90 (2.25%) Bash Shell
17 75 (1.87%) Scala
18 66 (1.65%) Ruby
19 64 (1.60%) Perl
20 48 (1.20%) XAML
Qualifications
1 267 (6.67%) Security Cleared
2 242 (6.04%) Degree
3 207 (5.17%) SC Cleared
4 76 (1.90%) Computer Science Degree
5 39 (0.97%) DV Cleared
6 37 (0.92%) ISTQB
7 29 (0.72%) Numerate Degree
8 26 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
8 26 (0.65%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 18 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
10 15 (0.37%) PhD
11 13 (0.32%) CREST Certified
11 13 (0.32%) Master's Degree
12 10 (0.25%) SANS
13 6 (0.15%) DBS Check
14 5 (0.12%) AWS Certification
14 5 (0.12%) ISEB
15 4 (0.100%) OSCP
16 3 (0.075%) Cisco Certification
16 3 (0.075%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 160 (4.00%) QA
2 64 (1.60%) Accessibility
3 22 (0.55%) GDPR
4 13 (0.32%) MiFID
5 12 (0.30%) WCAG
6 10 (0.25%) Data Quality
6 10 (0.25%) NCSC
7 8 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 6 (0.15%) SLA
9 4 (0.100%) Disclosure Scotland
9 4 (0.100%) HL7
10 3 (0.075%) IEC 61508
10 3 (0.075%) NIST
10 3 (0.075%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 2 (0.050%) DICOM
11 2 (0.050%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 1 (0.025%) DO-178B
12 1 (0.025%) ISO 9001
12 1 (0.025%) PCI DSS
12 1 (0.025%) SOC 2
System Software
1 457 (11.41%) Docker
2 126 (3.15%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.17%) Firmware
4 6 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.12%) LXC
5 5 (0.12%) Platform Symphony
6 3 (0.075%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.075%) vSphere
7 2 (0.050%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.050%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.025%) BitLocker
8 1 (0.025%) HDFS
8 1 (0.025%) NFS
8 1 (0.025%) OpenDJ
8 1 (0.025%) Xen
Systems Management
1 446 (11.14%) Kubernetes
2 196 (4.89%) Terraform
3 146 (3.65%) Ansible
4 54 (1.35%) Prometheus
5 49 (1.22%) BladeLogic
6 44 (1.10%) Grafana
7 40 (1.00%) Puppet
8 31 (0.77%) ITRS Geneos
9 23 (0.57%) Opscode Chef
10 21 (0.52%) MIIS
11 16 (0.40%) Kibana
12 12 (0.30%) ZABBIX
13 10 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
14 9 (0.22%) Nessus
15 8 (0.20%) Argo
15 8 (0.20%) Control-M
15 8 (0.20%) Microsoft Intune
15 8 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
16 6 (0.15%) HP Fortify
16 6 (0.15%) SCCM
Vendors
1 849 (21.20%) Microsoft
2 369 (9.21%) Oracle
3 88 (2.20%) Databricks
4 74 (1.85%) Google
5 62 (1.55%) Xamarin
6 57 (1.42%) SAP
7 56 (1.40%) MuleSoft
7 56 (1.40%) Salesforce.com
8 50 (1.25%) Atlassian
9 40 (1.00%) Splunk
10 37 (0.92%) FIS
10 37 (0.92%) SunGard
11 34 (0.85%) Telerik
12 24 (0.60%) IBM
13 23 (0.57%) HP
14 22 (0.55%) TIBCO
15 18 (0.45%) CA Agile Central
16 17 (0.42%) Altiris
16 17 (0.42%) Sitecore
17 16 (0.40%) DevExpress