Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 26 49 63
Rank change year-on-year +23 +14 +5
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 2,414 2,679 3,473
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 6.22% 4.43% 3.90%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.16% 5.18% 4.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,099 1,741 2,230
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +0.25%
10th Percentile £363 £366 £352
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +3.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 112 178 277
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £31.98 £38.93 £36.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.08 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 33,719 51,687 78,222
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.88% 85.47% 87.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,009 35,028 53,277
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £300 £288 £300
90th Percentile £675 £656 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,134 1,521 1,874
Median hourly rate £25.75 £21.00 £22.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.62% -5.62% -1.11%
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.25 £11.44
90th Percentile £58.75 £52.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £26.65 £21.38 £22.47
% change year-on-year +24.66% -4.84% +2.11%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +23 1,573 £550 - 863
South East +9 181 £425 -5.56% 372
South West +2 176 £500 +5.26% 200
North of England +16 174 £430 -9.34% 373
Midlands +61 109 £400 -5.99% 216
North West +16 99 £425 -9.33% 192
East of England +14 98 £420 +5.00% 221
West Midlands +53 71 £405 -4.71% 135
Yorkshire +7 53 £425 -10.53% 144
East Midlands +24 26 £388 -13.78% 80
North East +18 22 £475 +10.47% 37
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,248 (51.70%) Agile Software Development
2 890 (36.87%) AWS
3 879 (36.41%) JavaScript
4 844 (34.96%) Java
5 768 (31.81%) Python
6 735 (30.45%) Finance
7 635 (26.30%) React
8 609 (25.23%) Azure
9 577 (23.90%) Web Services
10 511 (21.17%) Docker
11 496 (20.55%) Kubernetes
12 450 (18.64%) Node.js
13 448 (18.56%) Asset Management
14 438 (18.14%) SQL
15 427 (17.69%) DevOps
16 417 (17.27%) Serverless
17 409 (16.94%) Microservices
18 400 (16.57%) .NET
19 399 (16.53%) C#
20 395 (16.36%) Front Office
21 382 (15.82%) AngularJS
22 380 (15.74%) TDD
23 331 (13.71%) Terraform
24 330 (13.67%) GCP
25 328 (13.59%) C++
26 312 (12.92%) Investment Management
27 305 (12.63%) Security Cleared
28 293 (12.14%) TypeScript
29 288 (11.93%) Scrum
30 285 (11.81%) Kotlin

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 160 (6.63%) Apache
2 81 (3.36%) Apache Spark
3 60 (2.49%) Elasticsearch
4 42 (1.74%) WebLogic
5 39 (1.62%) Confluence
6 31 (1.28%) BizTalk Server
7 23 (0.95%) SharePoint
7 23 (0.95%) WebSphere
8 22 (0.91%) Tomcat
9 17 (0.70%) Apache Airflow
9 17 (0.70%) WordPress
10 15 (0.62%) SAS
11 12 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
12 11 (0.46%) Jetty
13 10 (0.41%) JBoss
14 9 (0.37%) CMS
15 8 (0.33%) NServiceBus
16 6 (0.25%) OpenStack
16 6 (0.25%) Oracle Coherence
17 5 (0.21%) Tornado
Applications
1 10 (0.41%) Simulink
2 9 (0.37%) Sketch
3 7 (0.29%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.21%) Chatbot
4 5 (0.21%) InVision
5 4 (0.17%) Figma
5 4 (0.17%) Gephi
5 4 (0.17%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.083%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 2 (0.083%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.083%) Adobe Premiere
7 2 (0.083%) Zeplin
8 1 (0.041%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.041%) Marvel
8 1 (0.041%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.041%) PTC Creo
8 1 (0.041%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 11 (0.46%) Markit EDM
2 10 (0.41%) Eagle PACE
3 5 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 3 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.083%) Magento
5 2 (0.083%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.083%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.083%) Teamcenter
6 1 (0.041%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.041%) Exstream
6 1 (0.041%) Minerva
6 1 (0.041%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.041%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.041%) Oracle General Ledger
6 1 (0.041%) Oracle iRecruitment
6 1 (0.041%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.041%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.041%) Summit
6 1 (0.041%) Temenos T24
6 1 (0.041%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 890 (36.87%) AWS
2 609 (25.23%) Azure
3 417 (17.27%) Serverless
4 330 (13.67%) GCP
5 264 (10.94%) AWS Lambda
6 185 (7.66%) Amazon S3
7 115 (4.76%) Amazon SQS
8 109 (4.52%) AWS Step Functions
9 74 (3.07%) GitHub
10 68 (2.82%) Amazon EC2
11 53 (2.20%) PaaS
12 50 (2.07%) Azure Functions
13 44 (1.82%) Logic Apps
14 41 (1.70%) Amazon ECS
14 41 (1.70%) IaaS
15 38 (1.57%) Power Platform
16 37 (1.53%) SaaS
17 36 (1.49%) Cloud Computing
18 30 (1.24%) AWS CloudFormation
19 26 (1.08%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 45 (1.86%) TCP/IP
2 42 (1.74%) HTTP
3 20 (0.83%) Ethernet
3 20 (0.83%) Wi-Fi
4 16 (0.66%) Wireless
5 15 (0.62%) DNS
5 15 (0.62%) SSL
6 12 (0.50%) Broadband
6 12 (0.50%) Internet
7 11 (0.46%) WAN
8 10 (0.41%) RS-485
9 9 (0.37%) ATM
9 9 (0.37%) DECT
10 8 (0.33%) HTTPS
10 8 (0.33%) IPv6
10 8 (0.33%) Modbus
10 8 (0.33%) Multicast
10 8 (0.33%) SNMP
11 7 (0.29%) RS-422
11 7 (0.29%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 201 (8.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 119 (4.93%) Amazon RDS
3 118 (4.89%) SQL Server
4 96 (3.98%) Big Data
5 93 (3.85%) PostgreSQL
6 91 (3.77%) MongoDB
7 80 (3.31%) NoSQL
8 77 (3.19%) Relational Database
9 75 (3.11%) MySQL
10 69 (2.86%) Apache Ignite
11 45 (1.86%) Azure SQL Database
12 33 (1.37%) Power BI
13 31 (1.28%) Hadoop
13 31 (1.28%) Redis
14 25 (1.04%) Data Warehouse
15 22 (0.91%) Apache Hive
15 22 (0.91%) Neo4j
16 18 (0.75%) Data Lake
17 17 (0.70%) RDBMS
18 15 (0.62%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 256 (10.60%) Git (software)
2 239 (9.90%) Jenkins
3 102 (4.23%) JIRA
4 81 (3.36%) GitLab
5 59 (2.44%) Maven
6 54 (2.24%) Cucumber
7 47 (1.95%) JUnit
8 45 (1.86%) CA Gen
8 45 (1.86%) webpack
9 38 (1.57%) Bitbucket
9 38 (1.57%) Subversion
9 38 (1.57%) Visual Studio
10 33 (1.37%) Gradle
11 31 (1.28%) Rational Rhapsody
12 29 (1.20%) Artifactory
12 29 (1.20%) Cypress.io
12 29 (1.20%) Selenium
13 27 (1.12%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 25 (1.04%) Mockito
15 24 (0.99%) NetBeans
General
1 735 (30.45%) Finance
2 395 (16.36%) Front Office
3 187 (7.75%) Banking
4 128 (5.30%) Public Sector
5 63 (2.61%) Investment Banking
6 61 (2.53%) Law
7 52 (2.15%) Marketing
8 48 (1.99%) Electronics
8 48 (1.99%) Telecoms
9 40 (1.66%) Retail
10 35 (1.45%) Manufacturing
11 33 (1.37%) Aerospace
12 28 (1.16%) Games
13 21 (0.87%) Back Office
14 14 (0.58%) Military
15 9 (0.37%) Automotive
16 7 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
17 6 (0.25%) Legal
17 6 (0.25%) Publishing
18 4 (0.17%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,134 (46.98%) Developer
2 963 (39.89%) Software Engineer
3 299 (12.39%) React Developer
4 256 (10.60%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 179 (7.42%) JavaScript Developer
6 173 (7.17%) Python Developer
7 172 (7.13%) Java Engineer
8 165 (6.84%) AWS Developer
9 162 (6.71%) Java Developer
10 149 (6.17%) Python Engineer
11 139 (5.76%) Java Software Engineer
12 135 (5.59%) Full Stack Developer
13 124 (5.14%) Python Software Engineer
14 117 (4.85%) Senior Developer
15 114 (4.72%) Senior Software Engineer
16 112 (4.64%) Software Developer
17 108 (4.47%) AWS Engineer
18 88 (3.65%) Designer
19 77 (3.19%) .NET Software Engineer
20 71 (2.94%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 635 (26.30%) React
2 577 (23.90%) Web Services
3 450 (18.64%) Node.js
4 400 (16.57%) .NET
5 382 (15.82%) AngularJS
6 190 (7.87%) HTML
7 187 (7.75%) Spring
8 183 (7.58%) CSS
9 171 (7.08%) Kafka
10 168 (6.96%) REST
11 160 (6.63%) Vue.js
12 126 (5.22%) .NET Core
13 121 (5.01%) RESTful
14 109 (4.52%) Spring Boot
15 91 (3.77%) React Native
16 90 (3.73%) Redux
17 85 (3.52%) GraphQL
18 83 (3.44%) HTML5
19 72 (2.98%) gRPC
20 58 (2.40%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 194 (8.04%) Fixed Income
2 193 (8.00%) Derivative
3 189 (7.83%) Equities
4 183 (7.58%) User Experience
5 171 (7.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 148 (6.13%) Hedge funds
7 102 (4.23%) Cloud Native
8 96 (3.98%) Analytical Skills
9 86 (3.56%) Greenfield Project
10 78 (3.23%) Blog
11 74 (3.07%) Algorithms
12 54 (2.24%) Mobile App
13 53 (2.20%) Data Structures
14 52 (2.15%) Enterprise Software
15 40 (1.66%) Self-Motivation
16 30 (1.24%) Public Cloud
17 24 (0.99%) Social Media
18 22 (0.91%) Virtual Team
19 17 (0.70%) Embedded Systems
19 17 (0.70%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 276 (11.43%) Linux
2 124 (5.14%) Unix
3 118 (4.89%) Windows
4 86 (3.56%) Android
5 57 (2.36%) Apple iOS
6 27 (1.12%) Embedded Linux
7 21 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (0.50%) Windows 10
9 10 (0.41%) AIX
9 10 (0.41%) Mac OS X
9 10 (0.41%) OpenWrt
10 7 (0.29%) Mac OS
11 5 (0.21%) Ubuntu
11 5 (0.21%) Windows Server
12 4 (0.17%) Debian
13 3 (0.12%) CoreOS
13 3 (0.12%) VMS
14 2 (0.083%) CentOS
14 2 (0.083%) FreeRTOS
15 1 (0.041%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,248 (51.70%) Agile Software Development
2 448 (18.56%) Asset Management
3 427 (17.69%) DevOps
4 409 (16.94%) Microservices
5 380 (15.74%) TDD
6 312 (12.92%) Investment Management
7 288 (11.93%) Scrum
8 231 (9.57%) Test Automation
9 192 (7.95%) Continuous Integration
10 185 (7.66%) SDLC
11 182 (7.54%) Problem-Solving
12 170 (7.04%) Open Source
13 168 (6.96%) Computer Science
14 160 (6.63%) OO
15 151 (6.26%) BDD
16 146 (6.05%) Analytics
17 109 (4.52%) Business Intelligence
18 102 (4.23%) Configuration Management
19 101 (4.18%) Unit Testing
20 100 (4.14%) Portfolio Management
Programming Languages
1 879 (36.41%) JavaScript
2 844 (34.96%) Java
3 768 (31.81%) Python
4 438 (18.14%) SQL
5 399 (16.53%) C#
6 328 (13.59%) C++
7 293 (12.14%) TypeScript
8 285 (11.81%) Kotlin
9 163 (6.75%) C
10 160 (6.63%) Scala
11 124 (5.14%) Go
12 108 (4.47%) PL/SQL
13 78 (3.23%) Shell Script
14 67 (2.78%) PHP
15 62 (2.57%) PowerShell
16 59 (2.44%) Java 8
17 53 (2.20%) T-SQL
18 51 (2.11%) Bash Shell
19 50 (2.07%) Perl
20 47 (1.95%) R
Qualifications
1 305 (12.63%) Security Cleared
2 254 (10.52%) SC Cleared
3 246 (10.19%) Degree
4 72 (2.98%) DV Cleared
5 53 (2.20%) Computer Science Degree
6 23 (0.95%) PhD
7 19 (0.79%) Master's Degree
8 17 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
9 10 (0.41%) AWS Certification
9 10 (0.41%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 9 (0.37%) HND
11 8 (0.33%) HNC
11 8 (0.33%) VCAP
11 8 (0.33%) VCDX
11 8 (0.33%) VCP6
12 7 (0.29%) DBS Check
12 7 (0.29%) ISTQB
13 5 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 4 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
14 4 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 87 (3.60%) QA
2 7 (0.29%) JTAG
3 6 (0.25%) Dublin Core
3 6 (0.25%) GDPR
4 5 (0.21%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.21%) DO-178B
4 5 (0.21%) SLA
5 4 (0.17%) MISRA
6 3 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.12%) MiFID
6 3 (0.12%) WCAG
7 2 (0.083%) COREP
7 2 (0.083%) CRD IV
7 2 (0.083%) Good Clinical Practice
7 2 (0.083%) GxP
7 2 (0.083%) IEC 61508
7 2 (0.083%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.083%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.083%) OASIS TOSCA
7 2 (0.083%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 511 (21.17%) Docker
2 30 (1.24%) Active Directory
3 15 (0.62%) HDFS
3 15 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
4 11 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (0.37%) GridGain
6 8 (0.33%) Virtual Desktop
6 8 (0.33%) vSphere
7 5 (0.21%) Firmware
7 5 (0.21%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 5 (0.21%) VMware NSX
8 4 (0.17%) Platform Symphony
9 3 (0.12%) GPFS
10 2 (0.083%) Ceph
10 2 (0.083%) NFS
11 1 (0.041%) etcd
11 1 (0.041%) Oracle RAC
11 1 (0.041%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 496 (20.55%) Kubernetes
2 331 (13.71%) Terraform
3 77 (3.19%) Ansible
4 38 (1.57%) Opscode Chef
4 38 (1.57%) Puppet
5 21 (0.87%) Prometheus
6 13 (0.54%) Kibana
7 12 (0.50%) Graphite
8 11 (0.46%) Grafana
9 8 (0.33%) Zipkin
10 6 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
10 6 (0.25%) Oozie
10 6 (0.25%) Salt
10 6 (0.25%) Tivoli
11 4 (0.17%) HP Quality Center
11 4 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
12 3 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
12 3 (0.12%) MIIS
13 2 (0.083%) HP ALM
13 2 (0.083%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 182 (7.54%) Oracle
2 111 (4.60%) Microsoft
3 76 (3.15%) Google
4 46 (1.91%) Bloomberg
5 44 (1.82%) MuleSoft
6 33 (1.37%) webMethods
7 32 (1.33%) IBM
8 31 (1.28%) Splunk
9 29 (1.20%) BEA
9 29 (1.20%) Pega
10 25 (1.04%) Salesforce.com
11 23 (0.95%) SAP
11 23 (0.95%) VMware
12 19 (0.79%) Red Hat
13 18 (0.75%) CA
14 16 (0.66%) Cloudera
14 16 (0.66%) Talend
15 14 (0.58%) Atlassian
16 11 (0.46%) Adobe
16 11 (0.46%) Apple