Period
to 19 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 60 71 72
Rank change year-on-year +11 +1 +12
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,541 2,981 2,855
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.91% 3.23% 3.17%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.50% 3.76% 3.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,207 1,983 1,764
England median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% +5.88%
10th Percentile £357 £350 £315
90th Percentile £675 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £450
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 266 240 262
England median hourly rate £45.00 £44.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +1.67%
10th Percentile £33.79 £32.95 £35.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.63 £52.48
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +4.65% +1.18% +1.67%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,746 79,336 76,884
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.02% 85.97% 85.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,583 53,540 51,180
England median daily rate £475 £450 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +1.18%
10th Percentile £300 £285 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £614
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,941 1,847 2,163
England median hourly rate £23.50 £23.14 £23.78
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.56% -2.67% +5.67%
10th Percentile £11.41 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.50 £49.85 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £23.49 £23.00 £23.10
% change year-on-year +2.13% -0.41% +0.41%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 19 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +9 1,696 £550 +4.76% 925
South East +30 663 £475 +5.56% 612
North of England -5 488 £450 +5.88% 425
South West +7 263 £450 +12.50% 333
East of England +8 247 £445 +10.52% 409
Yorkshire 0 225 £450 +5.26% 157
North West -8 199 £445 +4.71% 238
Midlands +21 178 £425 +6.92% 214
West Midlands +29 118 £438 +16.67% 140
North East -1 69 £500 +17.65% 31
East Midlands +13 58 £365 -18.89% 74
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 19 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,784 (50.38%) Agile Software Development
2 1,249 (35.27%) Java
3 901 (25.44%) JavaScript
4 837 (23.64%) TDD
5 702 (19.82%) Python
6 697 (19.68%) Amazon AWS
7 691 (19.51%) C#
8 656 (18.53%) Linux
9 615 (17.37%) Microservices
10 600 (16.94%) .NET
11 597 (16.86%) SQL
12 595 (16.80%) C++
13 569 (16.07%) DevOps
14 562 (15.87%) Git (software)
15 543 (15.33%) Finance
16 542 (15.31%) Scrum
17 533 (15.05%) Continuous Integration
18 523 (14.77%) Docker
19 506 (14.29%) Test Automation
20 497 (14.04%) HTML
21 493 (13.92%) Node.js
22 489 (13.81%) BDD
23 452 (12.76%) AngularJS
24 434 (12.26%) CSS
25 419 (11.83%) Spring
26 416 (11.75%) Web Services
27 414 (11.69%) Degree
28 412 (11.64%) Jenkins
29 411 (11.61%) React
30 392 (11.07%) C

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 165 (4.66%) Apache Spark
2 164 (4.63%) Confluence
3 148 (4.18%) Elasticsearch
4 102 (2.88%) Apache
5 101 (2.85%) Tomcat
6 79 (2.23%) JBoss
7 56 (1.58%) Jetty
8 49 (1.38%) Cloud Foundry
8 49 (1.38%) CMS
9 37 (1.04%) SharePoint
10 33 (0.93%) nginx
11 28 (0.79%) Gunicorn
12 27 (0.76%) IIS
12 27 (0.76%) WebLogic
13 25 (0.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 21 (0.59%) Apache Solr
15 18 (0.51%) SAS
16 16 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 15 (0.42%) Jupyter
17 15 (0.42%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 39 (1.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 29 (0.82%) Simulink
3 16 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
4 11 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
5 9 (0.25%) Chatbot
6 8 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
7 7 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 6 (0.17%) MS Visio
9 4 (0.11%) Stateflow
10 3 (0.085%) InfoPath
10 3 (0.085%) InVision
11 2 (0.056%) Adobe Illustrator
11 2 (0.056%) Photoshop
12 1 (0.028%) CATIA
12 1 (0.028%) Doxygen
12 1 (0.028%) OmniGraffle
12 1 (0.028%) S-PLUS
12 1 (0.028%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 14 (0.40%) Oracle EBS R12
2 10 (0.28%) Oracle BPM
3 8 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
4 7 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
5 6 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
6 4 (0.11%) Markit EDM
6 4 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
7 3 (0.085%) LabWindows
7 3 (0.085%) Magento
7 3 (0.085%) NetSuite
7 3 (0.085%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.085%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.056%) Decalog
8 2 (0.056%) Eagle PACE
8 2 (0.056%) Remedy AR System
8 2 (0.056%) SAP FI
8 2 (0.056%) SAP MM
8 2 (0.056%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 2 (0.056%) SAP SD
8 2 (0.056%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 697 (19.68%) Amazon AWS
2 368 (10.39%) Microsoft Azure
3 162 (4.57%) Serverless
4 151 (4.26%) Google Cloud Platform
5 121 (3.42%) AWS Lambda
6 82 (2.32%) AWS CloudFormation
7 74 (2.09%) GitHub
8 66 (1.86%) Slack
9 63 (1.78%) Cloud Computing
10 54 (1.52%) PaaS
11 51 (1.44%) Amazon EC2
12 48 (1.36%) Amazon S3
13 46 (1.30%) SaaS
14 44 (1.24%) Amazon SQS
15 42 (1.19%) Amazon Kinesis
15 42 (1.19%) IaaS
16 30 (0.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 29 (0.82%) npm
18 22 (0.62%) Amazon EMR
19 20 (0.56%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 114 (3.22%) HTTP
2 92 (2.60%) TCP/IP
3 61 (1.72%) Internet
4 54 (1.52%) SSL
5 41 (1.16%) Firewall
6 40 (1.13%) DNS
7 30 (0.85%) Ethernet
8 26 (0.73%) Wireless
9 25 (0.71%) Wi-Fi
10 18 (0.51%) FTP
10 18 (0.51%) VPN
11 17 (0.48%) SNMP
12 14 (0.40%) Broadband
13 13 (0.37%) Network Security
14 12 (0.34%) Bluetooth
14 12 (0.34%) HTTPS
14 12 (0.34%) LTE
14 12 (0.34%) VoIP
15 11 (0.31%) Kerberos
15 11 (0.31%) UPnP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 343 (9.69%) NoSQL
2 308 (8.70%) MongoDB
3 280 (7.91%) SQL Server
4 230 (6.50%) Big Data
5 225 (6.35%) Hadoop
5 225 (6.35%) MySQL
6 220 (6.21%) PostgreSQL
7 170 (4.80%) Relational Database
8 97 (2.74%) Apache Cassandra
9 92 (2.60%) Apache Hive
10 77 (2.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 75 (2.12%) Data Warehouse
12 65 (1.84%) RDBMS
13 64 (1.81%) Redis
14 53 (1.50%) Oracle Database
15 35 (0.99%) HBase
16 33 (0.93%) Neo4j
16 33 (0.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 29 (0.82%) Data Lake
18 27 (0.76%) GIS
Development Applications
1 562 (15.87%) Git (software)
2 412 (11.64%) Jenkins
3 275 (7.77%) JIRA
4 172 (4.86%) Selenium
5 150 (4.24%) Visual Studio
6 138 (3.90%) Maven
7 109 (3.08%) Subversion
8 100 (2.82%) JUnit
9 99 (2.80%) Cucumber
10 80 (2.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 77 (2.17%) TeamCity
12 72 (2.03%) Gatling
13 67 (1.89%) Gradle
14 66 (1.86%) Eclipse
15 63 (1.78%) GitLab
16 58 (1.64%) Mocha
17 53 (1.50%) Artifactory
17 53 (1.50%) Mercurial
18 51 (1.44%) Hudson
18 51 (1.44%) JMeter
General
1 543 (15.33%) Finance
2 257 (7.26%) Banking
3 126 (3.56%) Front Office
4 99 (2.80%) Retail
5 71 (2.01%) Electronics
6 59 (1.67%) Aerospace
7 58 (1.64%) Manufacturing
8 56 (1.58%) Games
9 55 (1.55%) Automotive
9 55 (1.55%) Law
10 51 (1.44%) Marketing
11 46 (1.30%) Investment Banking
12 43 (1.21%) Telecoms
13 32 (0.90%) Military
14 29 (0.82%) Legal
15 25 (0.71%) Back Office
15 25 (0.71%) Publishing
16 17 (0.48%) Avionics
17 11 (0.31%) Advertising
18 10 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,491 (42.11%) Developer
2 1,272 (35.92%) Software Engineer
3 433 (12.23%) Java Developer
4 245 (6.92%) Java Engineer
5 229 (6.47%) Senior Developer
6 227 (6.41%) Architect
7 226 (6.38%) C# Developer
8 213 (6.02%) Senior Software Engineer
9 203 (5.73%) .NET Developer
9 203 (5.73%) Java Software Engineer
10 190 (5.37%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 186 (5.25%) Software Developer
12 161 (4.55%) C++ Software Engineer
13 160 (4.52%) Embedded Engineer
14 154 (4.35%) Embedded Software Engineer
15 129 (3.64%) JavaScript Developer
16 123 (3.47%) DevOps Engineer
17 118 (3.33%) Full Stack Developer
17 118 (3.33%) React Developer
18 115 (3.25%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 600 (16.94%) .NET
2 497 (14.04%) HTML
3 493 (13.92%) Node.js
4 452 (12.76%) AngularJS
5 434 (12.26%) CSS
6 419 (11.83%) Spring
7 416 (11.75%) Web Services
8 411 (11.61%) React
9 388 (10.96%) REST
10 234 (6.61%) RESTful
11 212 (5.99%) HTML5
12 206 (5.82%) Kafka
13 204 (5.76%) ASP.NET
14 189 (5.34%) Spring Boot
15 176 (4.97%) JSON
16 170 (4.80%) Hibernate
17 161 (4.55%) XML
18 137 (3.87%) .NET Framework
19 136 (3.84%) jQuery
20 129 (3.64%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 232 (6.55%) Greenfield Project
2 229 (6.47%) User Experience
3 213 (6.02%) Analytical Skills
4 135 (3.81%) Algorithms
5 125 (3.53%) Fintech
6 99 (2.80%) Self-Motivation
7 77 (2.17%) Mobile App
8 74 (2.09%) Embedded Systems
9 62 (1.75%) Hedge funds
10 60 (1.69%) Management Information System
11 57 (1.61%) Derivative
11 57 (1.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 55 (1.55%) Data Structures
13 49 (1.38%) Enterprise Software
14 42 (1.19%) Fixed Income
15 41 (1.16%) Cloud Native
16 40 (1.13%) Equities
17 38 (1.07%) Device Driver
18 36 (1.02%) Virtual Team
19 26 (0.73%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 656 (18.53%) Linux
2 281 (7.94%) Windows
3 152 (4.29%) Unix
4 109 (3.08%) Android
5 100 (2.82%) Apple iOS
6 70 (1.98%) Embedded Linux
7 53 (1.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 34 (0.96%) CentOS
9 22 (0.62%) Windows Server
10 14 (0.40%) Ubuntu
11 10 (0.28%) Mac OS X
12 8 (0.23%) Solaris
12 8 (0.23%) VxWorks
13 7 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
14 6 (0.17%) Android TV
14 6 (0.17%) Nucleus RTOS
14 6 (0.17%) tvOS
15 5 (0.14%) FreeRTOS
15 5 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
16 4 (0.11%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,784 (50.38%) Agile Software Development
2 837 (23.64%) TDD
3 615 (17.37%) Microservices
4 569 (16.07%) DevOps
5 542 (15.31%) Scrum
6 533 (15.05%) Continuous Integration
7 506 (14.29%) Test Automation
8 489 (13.81%) BDD
9 389 (10.99%) OO
10 355 (10.03%) Problem-Solving
11 340 (9.60%) Computer Science
12 306 (8.64%) Unit Testing
13 271 (7.65%) MVC
14 265 (7.48%) SDLC
15 224 (6.33%) Multithreading
16 214 (6.04%) Open Source
17 209 (5.90%) Continuous Delivery
17 209 (5.90%) Kanban
17 209 (5.90%) Mentoring
18 203 (5.73%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,249 (35.27%) Java
2 901 (25.44%) JavaScript
3 702 (19.82%) Python
4 691 (19.51%) C#
5 597 (16.86%) SQL
6 595 (16.80%) C++
7 392 (11.07%) C
8 233 (6.58%) Java 8
9 155 (4.38%) Scala
10 143 (4.04%) ES6
11 140 (3.95%) Go
12 134 (3.78%) TypeScript
13 115 (3.25%) PowerShell
14 113 (3.19%) Embedded C
14 113 (3.19%) PHP
15 111 (3.13%) Ruby
16 79 (2.23%) Bash Shell
17 63 (1.78%) Embedded C++
18 60 (1.69%) T-SQL
19 54 (1.52%) Perl
Qualifications
1 414 (11.69%) Degree
2 362 (10.22%) Security Cleared
3 270 (7.62%) SC Cleared
4 143 (4.04%) Computer Science Degree
5 53 (1.50%) DV Cleared
6 38 (1.07%) AWS Certification
6 38 (1.07%) Master's Degree
7 33 (0.93%) PhD
8 24 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
9 14 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
10 12 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
11 11 (0.31%) CCNA
12 10 (0.28%) MCSE
13 9 (0.25%) CISSP
14 7 (0.20%) ISTQB
14 7 (0.20%) MCSA
14 7 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
14 7 (0.20%) PMI Certification
14 7 (0.20%) Sun Certification
14 7 (0.20%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 252 (7.12%) QA
2 29 (0.82%) HMG Security Policy Framework
2 29 (0.82%) JSP 440
3 28 (0.79%) Data Quality
3 28 (0.79%) HMG Infosec
4 23 (0.65%) MISRA
5 21 (0.59%) WCAG
6 15 (0.42%) DO-178B
7 14 (0.40%) GDPR
8 12 (0.34%) MISRA C
9 9 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 7 (0.20%) PCI DSS
11 6 (0.17%) PSD2
12 5 (0.14%) SLA
13 4 (0.11%) ARP4754
13 4 (0.11%) IEC 61508
14 3 (0.085%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 3 (0.085%) Disclosure Scotland
14 3 (0.085%) DO-254
14 3 (0.085%) Solvency II
System Software
1 523 (14.77%) Docker
2 37 (1.04%) Firmware
3 23 (0.65%) HDFS
4 21 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
5 15 (0.42%) Active Directory
6 11 (0.31%) Apache Flume
6 11 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.20%) KVM
8 5 (0.14%) vSphere
9 4 (0.11%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 4 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (0.085%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 3 (0.085%) Hyper-V
10 3 (0.085%) VirtualBox
10 3 (0.085%) Xen
11 2 (0.056%) OpenAM
11 2 (0.056%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.028%) Platform Symphony
12 1 (0.028%) QEMU
12 1 (0.028%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 301 (8.50%) Ansible
2 273 (7.71%) Kubernetes
3 200 (5.65%) Terraform
4 173 (4.89%) Puppet
5 115 (3.25%) Opscode Chef
6 52 (1.47%) Cobbler
7 42 (1.19%) Grafana
8 26 (0.73%) Kibana
8 26 (0.73%) Single Sign-On
9 23 (0.65%) Prometheus
10 17 (0.48%) Nessus
11 14 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
12 12 (0.34%) Consul
13 11 (0.31%) Hadoop YARN
13 11 (0.31%) Oozie
13 11 (0.31%) Packer
13 11 (0.31%) Salt
14 10 (0.28%) Mesos
14 10 (0.28%) Rancher
15 9 (0.25%) Ambari
Vendors
1 271 (7.65%) Microsoft
2 240 (6.78%) Oracle
3 165 (4.66%) Google
4 65 (1.84%) Atlassian
5 55 (1.55%) Red Hat
6 41 (1.16%) Hortonworks
7 35 (0.99%) Tableau
8 33 (0.93%) Adobe
8 33 (0.93%) Cloudera
9 32 (0.90%) IBM
10 30 (0.85%) Salesforce.com
11 28 (0.79%) Splunk
11 28 (0.79%) VMware
12 26 (0.73%) Black Duck
13 23 (0.65%) SAP
14 22 (0.62%) Bloomberg
14 22 (0.62%) Citrix
15 19 (0.54%) Apple
16 17 (0.48%) Cisco
17 15 (0.42%) hybris