Period
to 27 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 27 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
27 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 61 74 70
Rank change year-on-year +13 -4 +18
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,323 2,605 2,813
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.61% 3.10% 2.89%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.20% 3.65% 3.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,067 1,628 1,664
England median daily rate £500 £450 £444
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +1.35% +11.00%
10th Percentile £350 £313 £313
90th Percentile £638 £638 £606
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +8.97%
Number of hourly rates quoted 278 268 358
England median hourly rate £43.00 £43.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.15% +2.35% +6.25%
10th Percentile £32.13 £32.50 £32.43
90th Percentile £52.50 £57.50 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £43.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -1.15% +2.35% +6.25%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,090 71,350 81,920
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.88% 84.79% 84.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,510 47,088 54,574
England median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +4.94%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,096 1,886 2,105
England median hourly rate £22.00 £25.50 £23.62
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.73% +7.98% +12.45%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.62 £11.68
90th Percentile £50.00 £51.50 £50.45
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £25.31 £25.00
% change year-on-year -13.08% +1.24% +19.05%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 27 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +16 1,638 £525 +5.00% 954
South East +23 610 £450 +5.88% 512
North of England +11 557 £425 +6.25% 402
Yorkshire +17 292 £425 +6.25% 154
North West +26 228 £438 +3.18% 202
South West -11 198 £400 -5.60% 289
East of England -9 178 £405 -1.74% 299
Midlands -28 134 £400 +6.67% 240
West Midlands +9 95 £400 - 140
North East -15 43 £413 +17.86% 46
East Midlands -52 36 £394 +12.50% 99
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 27 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,753 (52.75%) Agile Software Development
2 1,237 (37.23%) Java
3 893 (26.87%) JavaScript
4 861 (25.91%) TDD
5 715 (21.52%) C#
6 647 (19.47%) Scrum
7 644 (19.38%) SQL
8 639 (19.23%) Linux
9 616 (18.54%) Continuous Integration
10 597 (17.97%) Python
11 596 (17.94%) Amazon AWS
12 593 (17.85%) Git (software)
13 573 (17.24%) Microservices
14 563 (16.94%) .NET
15 552 (16.61%) C++
16 542 (16.31%) DevOps
17 532 (16.01%) BDD
18 515 (15.50%) Test Automation
19 506 (15.23%) HTML
20 504 (15.17%) Jenkins
21 503 (15.14%) Finance
22 501 (15.08%) AngularJS
23 496 (14.93%) Docker
24 456 (13.72%) CSS
25 407 (12.25%) Spring
26 406 (12.22%) Degree
27 395 (11.89%) Node.js
28 384 (11.56%) Web Services
29 372 (11.19%) C
30 369 (11.10%) REST

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 137 (4.12%) Apache
2 134 (4.03%) Confluence
3 125 (3.76%) Elasticsearch
4 102 (3.07%) Apache Spark
5 81 (2.44%) Tomcat
6 70 (2.11%) CMS
7 66 (1.99%) JBoss
8 42 (1.26%) NServiceBus
9 41 (1.23%) WebSphere
10 39 (1.17%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 37 (1.11%) Cloud Foundry
12 31 (0.93%) IIS
13 30 (0.90%) nginx
14 20 (0.60%) SharePoint
15 17 (0.51%) Jupyter
16 16 (0.48%) Apache Solr
16 16 (0.48%) WebSphere Portal
17 15 (0.45%) Jetty
17 15 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 14 (0.42%) WebLogic
Applications
1 32 (0.96%) Simulink
2 25 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
3 16 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
4 10 (0.30%) Chatbot
4 10 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 9 (0.27%) MS Visio
6 7 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
7 5 (0.15%) Doxygen
8 4 (0.12%) Stateflow
9 3 (0.090%) Photoshop
10 2 (0.060%) Adobe Premiere
10 2 (0.060%) InfoPath
10 2 (0.060%) OmniGraffle
10 2 (0.060%) TargetLink
10 2 (0.060%) UserZoom
11 1 (0.030%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.030%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.030%) GIMP
11 1 (0.030%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 20 (0.60%) Oracle BPM
2 16 (0.48%) thinkFolio
3 14 (0.42%) Eagle PACE
3 14 (0.42%) Front Arena
4 11 (0.33%) SAP ERP
5 10 (0.30%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 9 (0.27%) Magento
7 8 (0.24%) Markit EDM
8 6 (0.18%) Bloomberg AIM
8 6 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
8 6 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
9 5 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
10 4 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 4 (0.12%) Summit
11 3 (0.090%) LabWindows
11 3 (0.090%) Oracle 11i
11 3 (0.090%) Oracle EBS
11 3 (0.090%) Oracle EBS R12
12 2 (0.060%) ENOVIA
12 2 (0.060%) LatentZero
Cloud Services
1 596 (17.94%) Amazon AWS
2 284 (8.55%) Microsoft Azure
3 87 (2.62%) Google Cloud Platform
4 76 (2.29%) Slack
5 74 (2.23%) GitHub
6 72 (2.17%) Serverless
7 66 (1.99%) AWS Lambda
8 62 (1.87%) Cloud Computing
9 56 (1.69%) Amazon EC2
10 46 (1.38%) PaaS
11 40 (1.20%) AWS CloudFormation
11 40 (1.20%) SaaS
12 35 (1.05%) Amazon S3
12 35 (1.05%) npm
13 31 (0.93%) Heroku
14 28 (0.84%) IaaS
15 23 (0.69%) Amazon Kinesis
16 22 (0.66%) Amazon SQS
17 20 (0.60%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 20 (0.60%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 117 (3.52%) HTTP
2 108 (3.25%) TCP/IP
3 58 (1.75%) SSL
4 53 (1.59%) Internet
5 39 (1.17%) DNS
6 38 (1.14%) SMS
7 35 (1.05%) FTP
8 30 (0.90%) Wireless
9 22 (0.66%) Firewall
10 21 (0.63%) Ethernet
10 21 (0.63%) Wi-Fi
11 19 (0.57%) Bluetooth
12 18 (0.54%) Wireshark
13 16 (0.48%) Link 11
13 16 (0.48%) Link 16
14 13 (0.39%) Network Security
15 11 (0.33%) DMARC
16 10 (0.30%) SNMP
17 9 (0.27%) AMQP
17 9 (0.27%) LTE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 335 (10.08%) NoSQL
2 257 (7.73%) MongoDB
3 234 (7.04%) PostgreSQL
4 195 (5.87%) SQL Server
5 187 (5.63%) MySQL
6 169 (5.09%) Relational Database
7 168 (5.06%) Big Data
8 106 (3.19%) Apache Cassandra
9 104 (3.13%) Hadoop
10 65 (1.96%) Redis
11 55 (1.66%) Apache Hive
12 52 (1.56%) Oracle Database
13 51 (1.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 49 (1.47%) RDBMS
15 46 (1.38%) GIS
16 38 (1.14%) HBase
17 37 (1.11%) Data Warehouse
18 31 (0.93%) Oracle Database 11g
19 30 (0.90%) Oracle Database 10g
20 29 (0.87%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 593 (17.85%) Git (software)
2 504 (15.17%) Jenkins
3 257 (7.73%) JIRA
4 190 (5.72%) JUnit
5 162 (4.88%) Cucumber
6 161 (4.85%) Selenium
7 154 (4.63%) Maven
8 139 (4.18%) Visual Studio
9 125 (3.76%) TeamCity
10 115 (3.46%) Gradle
11 101 (3.04%) Jasmine
12 99 (2.98%) Subversion
13 94 (2.83%) Team Foundation Server
14 84 (2.53%) Mockito
15 80 (2.41%) Octopus Deploy
16 60 (1.81%) Eclipse
17 59 (1.78%) SonarQube
18 56 (1.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 50 (1.50%) gulp
20 47 (1.41%) NUnit
General
1 503 (15.14%) Finance
2 207 (6.23%) Banking
3 117 (3.52%) Retail
4 94 (2.83%) Front Office
5 87 (2.62%) Electronics
6 80 (2.41%) Games
7 79 (2.38%) Marketing
8 73 (2.20%) Telecoms
9 58 (1.75%) Automotive
9 58 (1.75%) Manufacturing
10 57 (1.72%) Law
11 40 (1.20%) Investment Banking
12 30 (0.90%) Military
13 27 (0.81%) Aerospace
14 23 (0.69%) Back Office
14 23 (0.69%) Legal
15 19 (0.57%) Financial Institution
16 14 (0.42%) Advertising
16 14 (0.42%) Publishing
17 8 (0.24%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,438 (43.27%) Developer
2 1,146 (34.49%) Software Engineer
3 453 (13.63%) Java Developer
4 271 (8.16%) Java Engineer
5 242 (7.28%) Java Software Engineer
6 197 (5.93%) Senior Software Engineer
7 189 (5.69%) .NET Developer
8 185 (5.57%) C# Developer
9 171 (5.15%) Senior Developer
10 170 (5.12%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 164 (4.94%) Software Developer
12 160 (4.81%) JavaScript Developer
13 155 (4.66%) C++ Software Engineer
14 153 (4.60%) Embedded Engineer
15 142 (4.27%) Embedded Software Engineer
16 132 (3.97%) DevOps Engineer
17 129 (3.88%) Architect
18 122 (3.67%) AWS Engineer
19 112 (3.37%) Agile Developer
20 101 (3.04%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 563 (16.94%) .NET
2 506 (15.23%) HTML
3 501 (15.08%) AngularJS
4 456 (13.72%) CSS
5 407 (12.25%) Spring
6 395 (11.89%) Node.js
7 384 (11.56%) Web Services
8 369 (11.10%) REST
9 332 (9.99%) React
10 288 (8.67%) RESTful
11 230 (6.92%) XML
12 214 (6.44%) HTML5
13 211 (6.35%) ASP.NET
14 177 (5.33%) Spring Boot
15 145 (4.36%) Kafka
16 141 (4.24%) Hibernate
17 140 (4.21%) J2EE
18 137 (4.12%) JSON
19 134 (4.03%) jQuery
20 132 (3.97%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 252 (7.58%) Computer Science
2 226 (6.80%) User Experience
3 155 (4.66%) Greenfield Project
4 144 (4.33%) Analytical Skills
5 126 (3.79%) Algorithms
6 101 (3.04%) Mobile App
7 83 (2.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 77 (2.32%) Enterprise Software
9 60 (1.81%) Self-Motivation
10 53 (1.59%) Derivative
10 53 (1.59%) Fintech
11 49 (1.47%) Fixed Income
12 47 (1.41%) Data Structures
13 42 (1.26%) Virtual Team
14 40 (1.20%) Online Banking
15 38 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
16 35 (1.05%) Management Information System
17 33 (0.99%) Embedded Systems
18 31 (0.93%) Equities
19 30 (0.90%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
Operating Systems
1 639 (19.23%) Linux
2 255 (7.67%) Windows
3 200 (6.02%) Unix
4 103 (3.10%) Android
5 99 (2.98%) Apple iOS
6 79 (2.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 43 (1.29%) Windows Server
8 32 (0.96%) Embedded Linux
9 22 (0.66%) VxWorks
10 21 (0.63%) CentOS
11 19 (0.57%) Ubuntu
12 13 (0.39%) Nucleus RTOS
13 12 (0.36%) CoreOS
13 12 (0.36%) FreeRTOS
13 12 (0.36%) Windows 10
14 11 (0.33%) Windows 7
15 8 (0.24%) Debian
15 8 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
16 6 (0.18%) Windows Phone
16 6 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,753 (52.75%) Agile Software Development
2 861 (25.91%) TDD
3 647 (19.47%) Scrum
4 616 (18.54%) Continuous Integration
5 573 (17.24%) Microservices
6 542 (16.31%) DevOps
7 532 (16.01%) BDD
8 515 (15.50%) Test Automation
9 334 (10.05%) OO
10 289 (8.70%) Kanban
11 287 (8.64%) Continuous Delivery
12 283 (8.52%) Open Source
13 275 (8.28%) MVC
14 274 (8.25%) SDLC
15 271 (8.16%) Problem-Solving
16 254 (7.64%) Unit Testing
17 229 (6.89%) Mentoring
18 212 (6.38%) Pair Programming
19 202 (6.08%) Configuration Management
20 197 (5.93%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1,237 (37.23%) Java
2 893 (26.87%) JavaScript
3 715 (21.52%) C#
4 644 (19.38%) SQL
5 597 (17.97%) Python
6 552 (16.61%) C++
7 372 (11.19%) C
8 251 (7.55%) Java 8
9 214 (6.44%) Scala
10 163 (4.91%) Ruby
11 126 (3.79%) TypeScript
12 124 (3.73%) Go
13 119 (3.58%) Groovy
14 97 (2.92%) Embedded C
15 92 (2.77%) PHP
16 89 (2.68%) Bash Shell
17 82 (2.47%) Shell Script
18 80 (2.41%) Embedded C++
18 80 (2.41%) PowerShell
19 77 (2.32%) ES6
Qualifications
1 406 (12.22%) Degree
2 326 (9.81%) Security Cleared
3 232 (6.98%) SC Cleared
4 109 (3.28%) Computer Science Degree
5 57 (1.72%) DV Cleared
6 31 (0.93%) Master's Degree
7 28 (0.84%) PhD
8 22 (0.66%) ISTQB
9 19 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
9 19 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
10 17 (0.51%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 12 (0.36%) PMI Certification
12 10 (0.30%) PMP
12 10 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
13 9 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
14 8 (0.24%) AWS Certification
15 7 (0.21%) ISEB
16 6 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
16 6 (0.18%) CISSP
17 5 (0.15%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 238 (7.16%) QA
2 31 (0.93%) GCP
3 20 (0.60%) MISRA
4 19 (0.57%) IEC 62304
5 15 (0.45%) GDPR
6 12 (0.36%) COBIT
7 10 (0.30%) DO-178B
7 10 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 9 (0.27%) PCI DSS
8 9 (0.27%) WCAG
9 8 (0.24%) Data Quality
9 8 (0.24%) ISO 26262
10 7 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
10 7 (0.21%) MISRA C
11 6 (0.18%) HL7
11 6 (0.18%) IEC 61508
11 6 (0.18%) ISO 13485
12 5 (0.15%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 5 (0.15%) PMO
13 4 (0.12%) MIL-STD-498
System Software
1 496 (14.93%) Docker
2 36 (1.08%) Active Directory
3 25 (0.75%) Firmware
3 25 (0.75%) HDFS
4 24 (0.72%) VMware Infrastructure
5 20 (0.60%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 9 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
6 9 (0.27%) vSphere
7 7 (0.21%) Xen
8 6 (0.18%) Apache Flume
8 6 (0.18%) Oracle RAC
8 6 (0.18%) VirtualBox
9 4 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (0.12%) XenApp
10 2 (0.060%) Microsoft App-V
10 2 (0.060%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.030%) BitLocker
11 1 (0.030%) LXC
11 1 (0.030%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.030%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 204 (6.14%) Ansible
2 195 (5.87%) Puppet
3 180 (5.42%) Kubernetes
4 166 (5.00%) Terraform
5 118 (3.55%) Opscode Chef
6 43 (1.29%) Docker Swarm
7 39 (1.17%) Grafana
8 29 (0.87%) Packer
9 27 (0.81%) Kibana
10 21 (0.63%) HP Quality Center
10 21 (0.63%) Mesos
11 19 (0.57%) Consul
12 18 (0.54%) Hadoop YARN
13 17 (0.51%) Rancher
14 16 (0.48%) Graylog
14 16 (0.48%) logstash
15 13 (0.39%) Prometheus
16 12 (0.36%) Nessus
17 10 (0.30%) Oozie
17 10 (0.30%) Oracle Identity Manager
Vendors
1 228 (6.86%) Microsoft
2 181 (5.45%) Oracle
3 115 (3.46%) Google
4 58 (1.75%) Adobe
4 58 (1.75%) Red Hat
5 55 (1.66%) Splunk
6 43 (1.29%) Atlassian
7 34 (1.02%) VMware
8 30 (0.90%) Salesforce.com
9 28 (0.84%) SAP
10 27 (0.81%) Coverity
10 27 (0.81%) IBM
11 23 (0.69%) Tableau
12 22 (0.66%) AppDynamics
13 20 (0.60%) Sitecore
14 19 (0.57%) HP
14 19 (0.57%) MuleSoft
15 17 (0.51%) Cisco
16 16 (0.48%) Charles River
16 16 (0.48%) Fujitsu