Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 17 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
17 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 37 31 49
Rank change year-on-year -6 +18 +11
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 4,033 2,793 2,068
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.74% 6.17% 4.62%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.40% 6.95% 5.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,874 1,936 1,418
10th Percentile £425 £384 £375
25th Percentile £500 £450 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £540
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% -2.78% +8.00%
75th Percentile £700 £631 £649
90th Percentile £775 £706 £725
UK median daily rate £598 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +13.90% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 194 104 118
10th Percentile £37.07 £34.30 £38.24
25th Percentile £47.50 £41.25 £42.75
Median hourly rate £55.75 £45.50 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +22.53% -4.21% +5.56%
75th Percentile £64.56 £52.81 £51.56
90th Percentile £69.51 £58.75 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £56.50 £45.25 £47.50
% change year-on-year +24.86% -4.74% +5.56%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 62,997 40,167 38,711
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.61% 88.67% 86.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 44,839 27,666 26,128
10th Percentile £350 £310 £300
25th Percentile £433 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +8.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £650 £588 £575
90th Percentile £750 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £535 £495 £475
% change year-on-year +8.08% +4.21% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,587 1,239 1,120
10th Percentile £12.96 £11.74 £12.41
25th Percentile £16.25 £15.25 £15.75
Median hourly rate £27.50 £25.00 £21.50
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +16.28% -4.44%
75th Percentile £51.35 £46.00 £45.00
90th Percentile £65.47 £58.53 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £28.33 £25.96 £22.00
% change year-on-year +9.15% +17.98% -2.22%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 17 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 17 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 17 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -12 2,451 £622 +13.09% 878
North of England +10 346 £513 +20.71% 299
South East -6 251 £548 +17.90% 275
South West -7 240 £550 +10.00% 169
North West +9 235 £513 +26.67% 186
East of England +4 199 £525 +31.25% 238
Midlands -10 173 £500 +23.46% 177
West Midlands -9 140 £520 +28.40% 96
Yorkshire +6 99 £513 +25.38% 84
East Midlands +2 33 £500 +28.87% 81
North East -9 18 £530 +9.96% 29
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 17 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 2,092 (51.87%) Agile
2 1,443 (35.78%) Java
3 1,360 (33.72%) AWS
4 1,126 (27.92%) Python
5 1,080 (26.78%) JavaScript
6 1,028 (25.49%) DevOps
7 1,018 (25.24%) Azure
8 964 (23.90%) Finance
9 932 (23.11%) CI/CD
10 901 (22.34%) Microservices
11 899 (22.29%) React
12 858 (21.27%) C#
13 800 (19.84%) SQL
14 726 (18.00%) .NET
15 690 (17.11%) Social Skills
16 682 (16.91%) Docker
17 639 (15.84%) Full Stack Development
18 590 (14.63%) Scrum
18 590 (14.63%) TDD
19 585 (14.51%) TypeScript
20 581 (14.41%) Kubernetes
21 560 (13.89%) Git (software)
22 547 (13.56%) Security Cleared
23 528 (13.09%) Front Office
24 495 (12.27%) GCP
25 485 (12.03%) Analytics
26 479 (11.88%) Test Automation
27 478 (11.85%) Linux
28 459 (11.38%) Asset Management
28 459 (11.38%) SC Cleared

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 219 (5.43%) Confluence
2 143 (3.55%) Apache
3 111 (2.75%) Apache Spark
4 72 (1.79%) Elasticsearch
5 51 (1.26%) Apache Airflow
6 42 (1.04%) SAS
7 36 (0.89%) nginx
8 34 (0.84%) BizTalk Server
9 26 (0.64%) WebLogic
10 24 (0.60%) Oracle Coherence
11 21 (0.52%) Tomcat
12 19 (0.47%) WebSphere
13 17 (0.42%) Cloud Foundry
14 15 (0.37%) SharePoint
15 12 (0.30%) CMS
16 10 (0.25%) Ethereum
16 10 (0.25%) Sitefinity
17 9 (0.22%) Apache Solr
17 9 (0.22%) MS Exchange
18 7 (0.17%) DataSynapse
Applications
1 30 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 26 (0.64%) Simulink
3 14 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
4 11 (0.27%) Sketch
5 10 (0.25%) Adobe XD
6 9 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.12%) MS Visio
8 4 (0.099%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 3 (0.074%) SPSS
9 3 (0.074%) UserZoom
10 2 (0.050%) Maya
10 2 (0.050%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.050%) Stateflow
11 1 (0.025%) 3ds Max
11 1 (0.025%) Blender
11 1 (0.025%) InVision
11 1 (0.025%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 23 (0.57%) assyst
2 11 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
3 6 (0.15%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 5 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (0.12%) Shopify
4 5 (0.12%) Siebel CRM
5 4 (0.099%) Oracle Payables
5 4 (0.099%) Teamcenter
6 3 (0.074%) Oracle EBS
6 3 (0.074%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 3 (0.074%) SAP S/4HANA
6 3 (0.074%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 3 (0.074%) Summit
7 2 (0.050%) Eikon
7 2 (0.050%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 2 (0.050%) Oracle Financials
7 2 (0.050%) Oracle General Ledger
7 2 (0.050%) Oracle Receivables
7 2 (0.050%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.050%) SAP EWM
Cloud Services
1 1,360 (33.72%) AWS
2 1,018 (25.24%) Azure
3 495 (12.27%) GCP
4 361 (8.95%) Serverless
5 243 (6.03%) AWS Lambda
6 153 (3.79%) GitHub
7 111 (2.75%) AWS CloudFormation
8 97 (2.41%) Amazon S3
9 78 (1.93%) OpenShift
10 76 (1.88%) Amazon EC2
11 74 (1.83%) SaaS
12 64 (1.59%) Power Platform
13 63 (1.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 60 (1.49%) PaaS
15 58 (1.44%) Amazon SQS
16 49 (1.21%) Amazon ECS
17 48 (1.19%) Azure Functions
18 47 (1.17%) Amazon Kinesis
19 44 (1.09%) IaaS
20 42 (1.04%) Amazon Cognito
Communications & Networking
1 62 (1.54%) HTTP
1 62 (1.54%) TCP/IP
2 59 (1.46%) Ethernet
3 38 (0.94%) Firewall
4 34 (0.84%) MQTT
5 29 (0.72%) DNS
6 27 (0.67%) Network Security
7 24 (0.60%) IPv4
7 24 (0.60%) Kerberos
8 23 (0.57%) Internet
9 21 (0.52%) DHCP
10 16 (0.40%) Wireless
11 15 (0.37%) HTTPS
12 12 (0.30%) ATM
12 12 (0.30%) Wi-Fi
13 9 (0.22%) Bluetooth
13 9 (0.22%) FTP
13 9 (0.22%) SSL
13 9 (0.22%) VPN
14 7 (0.17%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 224 (5.55%) PostgreSQL
2 217 (5.38%) SQL Server
3 206 (5.11%) MongoDB
4 182 (4.51%) NoSQL
5 125 (3.10%) Relational Database
6 123 (3.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 121 (3.00%) MySQL
8 119 (2.95%) Big Data
9 92 (2.28%) Data Warehouse
10 75 (1.86%) Hadoop
11 64 (1.59%) Oracle Database
12 63 (1.56%) Redis
13 60 (1.49%) Pentaho
14 48 (1.19%) Apache Hive
14 48 (1.19%) Power BI
15 47 (1.17%) Amazon Redshift
16 43 (1.07%) Amazon RDS
17 39 (0.97%) HBase
18 37 (0.92%) RDBMS
19 36 (0.89%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 560 (13.89%) Git (software)
2 417 (10.34%) Jenkins
3 370 (9.17%) JIRA
4 181 (4.49%) Maven
5 174 (4.31%) GitLab
6 127 (3.15%) Visual Studio
7 108 (2.68%) Bitbucket
8 90 (2.23%) Gradle
9 86 (2.13%) JUnit
10 77 (1.91%) Artifactory
11 72 (1.79%) Eclipse
12 64 (1.59%) Cypress.io
13 56 (1.39%) Selenium
14 55 (1.36%) TeamCity
15 51 (1.26%) Postman
16 48 (1.19%) Subversion
17 46 (1.14%) SonarQube
18 45 (1.12%) webpack
19 41 (1.02%) JMeter
20 38 (0.94%) Cucumber
General
1 964 (23.90%) Finance
2 690 (17.11%) Social Skills
3 528 (13.09%) Front Office
4 271 (6.72%) Banking
5 225 (5.58%) Public Sector
6 221 (5.48%) Analytical Skills
7 92 (2.28%) Investment Banking
8 90 (2.23%) Presentation Skills
9 89 (2.21%) Retail
10 81 (2.01%) Marketing
11 66 (1.64%) Electronics
12 55 (1.36%) Telecoms
13 51 (1.26%) Aerospace
14 46 (1.14%) Manufacturing
15 40 (0.99%) Financial Institution
16 37 (0.92%) Legal
17 36 (0.89%) Influencing Skills
18 31 (0.77%) Automotive
18 31 (0.77%) Back Office
18 31 (0.77%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 1,636 (40.57%) Developer
2 1,491 (36.97%) Software Engineer
3 473 (11.73%) Java Developer
4 393 (9.74%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 392 (9.72%) AWS Engineer
6 360 (8.93%) Java Engineer
7 273 (6.77%) Java Software Engineer
8 267 (6.62%) Senior Software Engineer
9 250 (6.20%) Python Developer
10 244 (6.05%) Python Engineer
11 242 (6.00%) AWS Software Engineer
12 238 (5.90%) AWS Developer
13 237 (5.88%) .NET Developer
14 220 (5.45%) Senior Developer
15 178 (4.41%) Architect
16 169 (4.19%) Full Stack Developer
17 162 (4.02%) Java Software Developer
18 154 (3.82%) DevOps Engineer
18 154 (3.82%) Python Software Engineer
19 144 (3.57%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 899 (22.29%) React
2 726 (18.00%) .NET
3 448 (11.11%) Node.js
4 443 (10.98%) Kafka
5 369 (9.15%) Spring
6 319 (7.91%) HTML
7 318 (7.88%) Spring Boot
8 316 (7.84%) REST
9 311 (7.71%) AngularJS
10 273 (6.77%) CSS
11 250 (6.20%) .NET Core
12 182 (4.51%) ASP.NET
13 181 (4.49%) RESTful
14 160 (3.97%) Vue.js
15 141 (3.50%) Web Services
16 137 (3.40%) .NET Framework
17 133 (3.30%) GraphQL
18 128 (3.17%) HTML5
19 122 (3.03%) Pandas
20 118 (2.93%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 345 (8.55%) Equities
2 290 (7.19%) Hedge funds
3 274 (6.79%) Derivative
4 229 (5.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 224 (5.55%) User Experience
6 207 (5.13%) Fixed Income
7 191 (4.74%) Greenfield Project
8 163 (4.04%) Cloud Native
9 109 (2.70%) Algorithms
10 84 (2.08%) Mobile App
11 74 (1.83%) Self-Motivation
12 62 (1.54%) Data Structures
13 61 (1.51%) Enterprise Software
14 51 (1.26%) IoT
14 51 (1.26%) Public Cloud
15 47 (1.17%) iPad
16 41 (1.02%) Management Information System
17 39 (0.97%) Legacy Systems
18 36 (0.89%) Linux Command Line
19 34 (0.84%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 478 (11.85%) Linux
2 250 (6.20%) Windows
3 160 (3.97%) Unix
4 89 (2.21%) Android
5 49 (1.21%) Apple iOS
6 20 (0.50%) Windows 10
6 20 (0.50%) Windows Server
7 16 (0.40%) Embedded Linux
8 12 (0.30%) Windows XP
9 11 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 11 (0.27%) Windows 7
10 10 (0.25%) Mac OS X
10 10 (0.25%) VxWorks
11 9 (0.22%) Solaris
11 9 (0.22%) VMS
12 7 (0.17%) Ubuntu
13 4 (0.099%) Windows Server 2016
14 3 (0.074%) CentOS
14 3 (0.074%) Mac OS
14 3 (0.074%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,092 (51.87%) Agile
2 1,028 (25.49%) DevOps
3 932 (23.11%) CI/CD
4 901 (22.34%) Microservices
5 639 (15.84%) Full Stack Development
6 590 (14.63%) Scrum
6 590 (14.63%) TDD
7 485 (12.03%) Analytics
8 479 (11.88%) Test Automation
9 459 (11.38%) Asset Management
10 426 (10.56%) Investment Management
11 345 (8.55%) Problem-Solving
12 307 (7.61%) Continuous Integration
13 290 (7.19%) Mentoring
14 280 (6.94%) OO
15 265 (6.57%) SDLC
16 237 (5.88%) Front End Development
17 235 (5.83%) Computer Science
18 223 (5.53%) BDD
19 191 (4.74%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,443 (35.78%) Java
2 1,126 (27.92%) Python
3 1,080 (26.78%) JavaScript
4 858 (21.27%) C#
5 800 (19.84%) SQL
6 585 (14.51%) TypeScript
7 403 (9.99%) C++
8 287 (7.12%) Go
9 181 (4.49%) C
10 142 (3.52%) Scala
11 118 (2.93%) PL/SQL
12 109 (2.70%) PHP
13 100 (2.48%) Shell Script
14 89 (2.21%) Ruby
15 84 (2.08%) PowerShell
16 79 (1.96%) Bash
16 79 (1.96%) VB.NET
17 66 (1.64%) Kotlin
18 65 (1.61%) Perl
18 65 (1.61%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 547 (13.56%) Security Cleared
2 459 (11.38%) SC Cleared
3 304 (7.54%) Degree
4 94 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 93 (2.31%) DV Cleared
6 37 (0.92%) PhD
7 36 (0.89%) Master's Degree
8 34 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
9 22 (0.55%) AWS Certification
9 22 (0.55%) Numerate Degree
10 14 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
11 9 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
11 9 (0.22%) ISEB
11 9 (0.22%) ISTQB
12 8 (0.20%) CISSP
13 7 (0.17%) APMP
13 7 (0.17%) CCNA
13 7 (0.17%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
14 6 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
15 5 (0.12%) CESG Certified Professional
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 196 (4.86%) QA
2 30 (0.74%) Accessibility
3 21 (0.52%) Data Quality
4 18 (0.45%) NIST
5 17 (0.42%) GDPR
6 14 (0.35%) IEC 61508
7 12 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 11 (0.27%) SLA
9 10 (0.25%) MISRA
9 10 (0.25%) MISRA C
10 8 (0.20%) Def Stans
10 8 (0.20%) NCSC
10 8 (0.20%) NIST 800
11 7 (0.17%) COBIT
11 7 (0.17%) GRC
12 6 (0.15%) COSO
12 6 (0.15%) EMIR
12 6 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 12207
12 6 (0.15%) MiFID
13 5 (0.12%) JSP 440
System Software
1 682 (16.91%) Docker
2 48 (1.19%) HDFS
3 32 (0.79%) Active Directory
4 16 (0.40%) NFS
5 11 (0.27%) vSphere
6 10 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
7 9 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
8 8 (0.20%) Firmware
9 7 (0.17%) OpenSSH
10 6 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
11 5 (0.12%) iptables
11 5 (0.12%) KVM
11 5 (0.12%) VirtualBox
11 5 (0.12%) Xen
12 4 (0.099%) GridGain
13 3 (0.074%) VMware ESXi
14 2 (0.050%) Hyper-V
15 1 (0.025%) Microcode
15 1 (0.025%) OpenDJ
15 1 (0.025%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 581 (14.41%) Kubernetes
2 318 (7.88%) Terraform
3 164 (4.07%) Ansible
4 98 (2.43%) Grafana
5 80 (1.98%) Prometheus
6 58 (1.44%) Puppet
7 45 (1.12%) Consul
8 35 (0.87%) Opscode Chef
9 29 (0.72%) Kibana
10 26 (0.64%) Packer
11 19 (0.47%) ITRS Geneos
12 17 (0.42%) logstash
13 11 (0.27%) Kubeflow
14 10 (0.25%) Salt
15 9 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
16 7 (0.17%) Istio
16 7 (0.17%) Rancher
16 7 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
17 6 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
18 5 (0.12%) PowerCLI
Vendors
1 282 (6.99%) Microsoft
2 271 (6.72%) Oracle
3 106 (2.63%) Google
4 66 (1.64%) SAP
5 56 (1.39%) Salesforce.com
6 52 (1.29%) Splunk
7 50 (1.24%) IBM
8 47 (1.17%) Atlassian
9 44 (1.09%) Red Hat
10 42 (1.04%) Cloudera
11 39 (0.97%) MuleSoft
12 38 (0.94%) Informatica
13 33 (0.82%) Pega
14 26 (0.64%) Dynatrace
15 25 (0.62%) Databricks
15 25 (0.62%) Talend
16 24 (0.60%) DevExpress
17 20 (0.50%) BEA
18 19 (0.47%) webMethods
19 18 (0.45%) TOWER Software