Period
to 14 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 14 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
14 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 54 64 73
Rank change year-on-year +10 +9 +11
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,488 3,632 2,830
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.30% 3.87% 3.13%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.95% 4.45% 3.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,988 2,290 1,808
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £360 £353 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £463
% change year-on-year - +8.11% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 232 285 233
England median hourly rate £47.50 £43.75 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.57% -2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £40.00 £31.25 £32.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.00 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £46.50 £43.50 £44.50
% change year-on-year +6.90% -2.25% +4.71%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 70,531 81,575 78,052
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.89% 86.90% 86.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 46,757 54,273 51,714
England median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,007 2,232 1,912
England median hourly rate £24.50 £21.00 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% -10.64% +2.17%
10th Percentile £11.98 £11.18 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.25 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £20.50 £24.49
% change year-on-year +17.07% -16.28% +6.46%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 14 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 14 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 14 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +17 1,713 £550 +4.76% 808
South East -3 544 £444 -1.39% 506
South West +11 423 £450 +2.86% 300
North of England -3 357 £462 +8.76% 418
East of England +12 279 £425 -5.56% 378
Midlands +26 163 £425 +6.25% 240
North West -2 160 £463 +8.82% 230
Yorkshire -8 157 £450 +5.88% 152
West Midlands +30 105 £400 -8.57% 166
East Midlands +16 55 £500 +42.86% 74
North East +11 40 £475 +16.92% 36
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 14 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,639 (46.99%) Agile Software Development
2 1,217 (34.89%) Java
3 879 (25.20%) JavaScript
4 878 (25.17%) Python
5 821 (23.54%) C++
6 780 (22.36%) AWS
7 752 (21.56%) DevOps
8 721 (20.67%) C#
9 701 (20.10%) Finance
10 700 (20.07%) Linux
11 597 (17.12%) Docker
12 567 (16.26%) .NET
13 547 (15.68%) TDD
14 544 (15.60%) C
15 540 (15.48%) Microservices
16 535 (15.34%) Web Services
17 511 (14.65%) SQL
18 484 (13.88%) Scrum
19 443 (12.70%) Kubernetes
19 443 (12.70%) Node.js
20 420 (12.04%) Security Cleared
21 416 (11.93%) AngularJS
22 412 (11.81%) React
23 410 (11.75%) Azure
24 406 (11.64%) Continuous Integration
25 390 (11.18%) Git (software)
26 366 (10.49%) Test Automation
27 365 (10.46%) Degree
28 359 (10.29%) Jenkins
29 330 (9.46%) SC Cleared

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 122 (3.50%) Apache Spark
2 91 (2.61%) Elasticsearch
3 84 (2.41%) Confluence
4 77 (2.21%) Apache
5 33 (0.95%) IIS
5 33 (0.95%) JBoss
6 25 (0.72%) SAS
6 25 (0.72%) Tomcat
7 22 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
7 22 (0.63%) Jupyter
8 19 (0.54%) CMS
9 16 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 14 (0.40%) Jetty
11 13 (0.37%) Drupal
12 12 (0.34%) Ethereum
13 11 (0.32%) SharePoint
14 10 (0.29%) Hyperledger
15 9 (0.26%) Apache Airflow
16 8 (0.23%) Apache Pig
16 8 (0.23%) nginx
Applications
1 38 (1.09%) Microsoft Excel
2 31 (0.89%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (0.86%) Simulink
4 18 (0.52%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.29%) Sketch
5 10 (0.29%) Zeplin
6 9 (0.26%) Adobe Illustrator
7 8 (0.23%) Inkscape
8 5 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 5 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
8 5 (0.14%) Windchill
9 3 (0.086%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 3 (0.086%) InfoPath
9 3 (0.086%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.057%) Stata
11 1 (0.029%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.029%) InVision
11 1 (0.029%) Photoshop
11 1 (0.029%) PrintSoft PReS
11 1 (0.029%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 16 (0.46%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 13 (0.37%) Distributed Ledger
3 8 (0.23%) R3 Corda
4 7 (0.20%) Magento
4 7 (0.20%) PolarLake
5 6 (0.17%) Eikon
5 6 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
6 5 (0.14%) FINCAD Analytics
6 5 (0.14%) Markit EDM
6 5 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.086%) CSG Singleview
7 3 (0.086%) Dynamics CRM
7 3 (0.086%) LabWindows
7 3 (0.086%) NetSuite
7 3 (0.086%) Oracle BPM
7 3 (0.086%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.057%) Oracle Retail
8 2 (0.057%) Primavera
8 2 (0.057%) Quorum
Cloud Services
1 780 (22.36%) AWS
2 410 (11.75%) Azure
3 296 (8.49%) Serverless
4 235 (6.74%) AWS Lambda
5 226 (6.48%) Amazon S3
6 190 (5.45%) Amazon EC2
7 176 (5.05%) Amazon SQS
8 153 (4.39%) AWS CloudFormation
9 143 (4.10%) GitHub
10 131 (3.76%) GCP
11 122 (3.50%) OpenShift
12 115 (3.30%) Amazon ECS
13 76 (2.18%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 59 (1.69%) Cloud Computing
15 49 (1.40%) SaaS
16 39 (1.12%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 36 (1.03%) Power Platform
18 34 (0.97%) PaaS
19 33 (0.95%) Amazon Kinesis
20 27 (0.77%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 108 (3.10%) TCP/IP
2 73 (2.09%) Ethernet
3 62 (1.78%) Internet
4 58 (1.66%) HTTP
5 44 (1.26%) DNS
6 42 (1.20%) Firewall
7 29 (0.83%) VoIP
8 26 (0.75%) Wireshark
9 25 (0.72%) IPv6
10 23 (0.66%) VPN
10 23 (0.66%) Wireless
11 21 (0.60%) SSL
12 18 (0.52%) 5G
13 17 (0.49%) FTP
14 16 (0.46%) Bluetooth
14 16 (0.46%) RS-232
14 16 (0.46%) RS-485
14 16 (0.46%) Wi-Fi
15 12 (0.34%) LTE
16 10 (0.29%) DVB
Database & Business Intelligence
1 260 (7.45%) NoSQL
2 248 (7.11%) SQL Server
3 194 (5.56%) Amazon RDS
4 182 (5.22%) MongoDB
5 180 (5.16%) Big Data
6 165 (4.73%) Amazon Redshift
7 163 (4.67%) Hadoop
7 163 (4.67%) PostgreSQL
8 156 (4.47%) Relational Database
9 146 (4.19%) MySQL
10 84 (2.41%) RDBMS
11 74 (2.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 74 (2.12%) Apache Cassandra
12 72 (2.06%) Data Warehouse
13 61 (1.75%) Redis
14 49 (1.40%) Amazon Athena
15 39 (1.12%) Data Lake
16 38 (1.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 34 (0.97%) Power BI
18 33 (0.95%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 390 (11.18%) Git (software)
2 359 (10.29%) Jenkins
3 165 (4.73%) Artifactory
4 164 (4.70%) JIRA
5 134 (3.84%) Visual Studio
6 108 (3.10%) GitLab
7 100 (2.87%) Selenium
8 97 (2.78%) Rational Rhapsody
9 92 (2.64%) RStudio
10 91 (2.61%) Cucumber
11 78 (2.24%) Rational DOORS
12 73 (2.09%) Subversion
13 71 (2.04%) Eclipse
14 68 (1.95%) Bitbucket
15 65 (1.86%) Maven
16 54 (1.55%) Visual Studio Team System
17 53 (1.52%) NetBeans
18 51 (1.46%) Team Foundation Server
19 49 (1.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 47 (1.35%) Gradle
General
1 701 (20.10%) Finance
2 253 (7.25%) Front Office
3 223 (6.39%) Banking
4 92 (2.64%) Marketing
5 85 (2.44%) Retail
6 79 (2.26%) Law
7 75 (2.15%) Investment Banking
8 74 (2.12%) Aerospace
9 69 (1.98%) Military
10 68 (1.95%) Electronics
11 66 (1.89%) Telecoms
12 63 (1.81%) Public Sector
13 44 (1.26%) Manufacturing
14 36 (1.03%) Advertising
15 30 (0.86%) Legal
16 29 (0.83%) Games
17 28 (0.80%) Automotive
18 27 (0.77%) Financial Institution
19 25 (0.72%) Publishing
20 23 (0.66%) Avionics
Job Titles
1 1,308 (37.50%) Software Engineer
2 1,279 (36.67%) Developer
3 316 (9.06%) Java Developer
4 263 (7.54%) Embedded Engineer
5 250 (7.17%) Embedded Software Engineer
6 244 (7.00%) Senior Developer
7 211 (6.05%) C++ Software Engineer
8 202 (5.79%) AWS Engineer
9 191 (5.48%) AWS Developer
9 191 (5.48%) Java Engineer
10 180 (5.16%) Architect
11 171 (4.90%) JavaScript Developer
12 169 (4.85%) Senior Software Engineer
13 160 (4.59%) Java Software Engineer
14 142 (4.07%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 138 (3.96%) Software Developer
16 130 (3.73%) DevOps Engineer
17 129 (3.70%) React Developer
18 117 (3.35%) C# Developer
18 117 (3.35%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 567 (16.26%) .NET
2 535 (15.34%) Web Services
3 443 (12.70%) Node.js
4 416 (11.93%) AngularJS
5 412 (11.81%) React
6 290 (8.31%) HTML
7 276 (7.91%) CSS
8 217 (6.22%) Spring
9 216 (6.19%) J2EE
10 206 (5.91%) REST
11 177 (5.07%) RESTful
12 167 (4.79%) Kafka
13 130 (3.73%) ASP.NET
14 127 (3.64%) .NET Core
15 111 (3.18%) Spring Boot
16 95 (2.72%) HTML5
17 94 (2.69%) Vue.js
17 94 (2.69%) XML
18 91 (2.61%) ASP.NET Web API
19 88 (2.52%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 218 (6.25%) Fixed Income
2 200 (5.73%) Greenfield Project
3 186 (5.33%) Analytical Skills
4 166 (4.76%) User Experience
5 157 (4.50%) Algorithms
6 142 (4.07%) Derivative
7 74 (2.12%) Embedded Systems
8 71 (2.04%) Self-Motivation
9 66 (1.89%) Data Structures
10 63 (1.81%) Mobile App
11 53 (1.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 52 (1.49%) Cloud Native
13 49 (1.40%) Virtual Team
14 46 (1.32%) Linux Command Line
14 46 (1.32%) Public Cloud
15 45 (1.29%) Equities
16 32 (0.92%) Hedge funds
17 31 (0.89%) Enterprise Software
18 26 (0.75%) Video\Live Streaming
19 25 (0.72%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 700 (20.07%) Linux
2 253 (7.25%) Windows
3 146 (4.19%) Unix
4 122 (3.50%) Android
5 62 (1.78%) Embedded Linux
6 44 (1.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 41 (1.18%) CentOS
8 37 (1.06%) FreeRTOS
9 35 (1.00%) Apple iOS
9 35 (1.00%) Windows Server
10 23 (0.66%) ThreadX
11 20 (0.57%) Ubuntu
12 14 (0.40%) Mac OS
12 14 (0.40%) Windows 10
13 9 (0.26%) Solaris
14 8 (0.23%) Debian
15 7 (0.20%) AIX
16 6 (0.17%) VxWorks
17 5 (0.14%) Mac OS X
18 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,639 (46.99%) Agile Software Development
2 752 (21.56%) DevOps
3 547 (15.68%) TDD
4 540 (15.48%) Microservices
5 484 (13.88%) Scrum
6 406 (11.64%) Continuous Integration
7 366 (10.49%) Test Automation
8 310 (8.89%) Problem-Solving
9 307 (8.80%) BDD
10 302 (8.66%) Computer Science
11 275 (7.88%) Asset Management
12 265 (7.60%) OO
13 242 (6.94%) UML
14 233 (6.68%) Analytics
15 231 (6.62%) SDLC
16 207 (5.93%) Mathematics
17 203 (5.82%) Front End Development
17 203 (5.82%) Unit Testing
18 200 (5.73%) Mentoring
19 192 (5.50%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,217 (34.89%) Java
2 879 (25.20%) JavaScript
3 878 (25.17%) Python
4 821 (23.54%) C++
5 721 (20.67%) C#
6 544 (15.60%) C
7 511 (14.65%) SQL
8 151 (4.33%) Embedded C
9 143 (4.10%) TypeScript
10 119 (3.41%) Scala
11 117 (3.35%) Bash Shell
12 116 (3.33%) Ruby
13 115 (3.30%) R
14 110 (3.15%) Go
15 100 (2.87%) Embedded C++
16 98 (2.81%) Java 8
17 95 (2.72%) PowerShell
18 89 (2.55%) PHP
19 64 (1.83%) ES6
20 54 (1.55%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 420 (12.04%) Security Cleared
2 365 (10.46%) Degree
3 330 (9.46%) SC Cleared
4 93 (2.67%) Computer Science Degree
5 84 (2.41%) DV Cleared
6 49 (1.40%) AWS Certification
7 47 (1.35%) PhD
8 24 (0.69%) BPSS Clearance
9 20 (0.57%) Microsoft Certification
10 19 (0.54%) Master's Degree
11 16 (0.46%) ISTQB
12 14 (0.40%) MCP
13 12 (0.34%) Oracle Certification
14 10 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
15 9 (0.26%) CCNA
15 9 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
15 9 (0.26%) OCP
15 9 (0.26%) SAP Certification
16 7 (0.20%) MCSE
17 6 (0.17%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 164 (4.70%) QA
2 36 (1.03%) MISRA
3 22 (0.63%) MISRA C
4 14 (0.40%) DO-178B
5 11 (0.32%) IEC 61508
5 11 (0.32%) PCI DSS
6 10 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 8 (0.23%) GxP
8 7 (0.20%) ISO 26262
8 7 (0.20%) PSD2
8 7 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 7 (0.20%) SLA
9 6 (0.17%) GDPR
9 6 (0.17%) NIST
10 5 (0.14%) Data Quality
10 5 (0.14%) HMG Infosec
10 5 (0.14%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 5 (0.14%) IEC 62304
10 5 (0.14%) JSP 440
11 4 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 597 (17.12%) Docker
2 41 (1.18%) Active Directory
3 38 (1.09%) Firmware
4 21 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
5 14 (0.40%) VirtualBox
6 12 (0.34%) HDFS
6 12 (0.34%) LXC
7 11 (0.32%) Hyper-V
8 10 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
9 8 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 7 (0.20%) Apache Flume
11 6 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
12 4 (0.11%) XenApp
13 3 (0.086%) vSphere
14 2 (0.057%) BusyBox
14 2 (0.057%) Microsoft App-V
14 2 (0.057%) Oracle RAC
14 2 (0.057%) VMware NSX
15 1 (0.029%) ISA Server
15 1 (0.029%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 443 (12.70%) Kubernetes
2 326 (9.35%) Terraform
3 242 (6.94%) Ansible
4 124 (3.56%) Puppet
5 78 (2.24%) Opscode Chef
6 30 (0.86%) Packer
7 26 (0.75%) Mesos
8 25 (0.72%) Docker Swarm
9 21 (0.60%) Consul
10 20 (0.57%) Grafana
10 20 (0.57%) Marathon
11 14 (0.40%) Kibana
12 13 (0.37%) linkerd
12 13 (0.37%) SCCM
13 12 (0.34%) Oozie
14 10 (0.29%) Cobbler
14 10 (0.29%) HP ALM
14 10 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
14 10 (0.29%) Rancher
14 10 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 253 (7.25%) Microsoft
2 204 (5.85%) Oracle
3 136 (3.90%) Google
4 65 (1.86%) Bloomberg
5 52 (1.49%) Reuters
6 51 (1.46%) Salesforce.com
7 43 (1.23%) Atlassian
8 39 (1.12%) SAP
9 37 (1.06%) MuleSoft
10 32 (0.92%) IBM
10 32 (0.92%) Red Hat
10 32 (0.92%) Sybase
11 31 (0.89%) Tableau
12 30 (0.86%) VMware
13 24 (0.69%) Adobe
13 24 (0.69%) Splunk
14 22 (0.63%) Citrix
14 22 (0.63%) Informatica
15 21 (0.60%) Cloudera
15 21 (0.60%) New Relic