Period
to 24 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 24 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
24 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 28 51 60
Rank change year-on-year +23 +9 +10
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 1,744 3,163 3,723
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.70% 4.25% 3.95%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.60% 4.92% 4.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,436 1,835 2,376
Median daily rate £525 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £360
90th Percentile £725 £675 £674
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 110 226 281
Median hourly rate £44.00 £47.50 £44.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.37% +7.95% -
10th Percentile £32.06 £40.00 £31.75
90th Percentile £55.13 £53.75 £51.00
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £46.50 £43.75
% change year-on-year -5.38% +6.29% +2.34%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 26,430 64,296 82,244
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.31% 86.43% 87.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,924 42,495 55,115
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £463
% change year-on-year - +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,004 1,986 2,104
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.83% +9.09% -6.38%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.98 £11.43
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £51.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.00 £22.00
% change year-on-year +45.83% +9.09% -4.35%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 24 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +31 1,141 £550 - 694
North of England +13 159 £450 -4.76% 303
South East +5 145 £436 -3.06% 271
North West +29 94 £425 -5.56% 180
South West -15 94 £454 +0.83% 152
East of England -1 89 £416 -2.06% 158
Midlands +47 71 £400 -11.11% 128
Yorkshire -2 55 £450 -5.26% 97
West Midlands +49 39 £400 -11.11% 69
East Midlands +26 27 £403 -10.56% 58
North East -1 9 £488 +4.56% 26
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 24 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 913 (52.35%) Agile Software Development
2 762 (43.69%) Java
3 740 (42.43%) AWS
4 687 (39.39%) Python
5 636 (36.47%) JavaScript
6 609 (34.92%) Finance
7 534 (30.62%) Web Services
8 437 (25.06%) Azure
9 432 (24.77%) Asset Management
10 427 (24.48%) React
11 408 (23.39%) DevOps
12 381 (21.85%) AngularJS
13 369 (21.16%) Front Office
14 329 (18.86%) Docker
15 328 (18.81%) Microservices
16 325 (18.64%) Derivative
17 321 (18.41%) Fixed Income
18 318 (18.23%) SQL
19 305 (17.49%) Equities
19 305 (17.49%) Kubernetes
20 287 (16.46%) GCP
21 284 (16.28%) Investment Management
22 272 (15.60%) Serverless
23 267 (15.31%) Node.js
24 252 (14.45%) C#
25 246 (14.11%) Hedge funds
26 245 (14.05%) Banking
27 228 (13.07%) TDD
28 227 (13.02%) Vue.js
29 224 (12.84%) C++

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 129 (7.40%) Apache
2 56 (3.21%) Apache Spark
3 51 (2.92%) Confluence
4 42 (2.41%) Elasticsearch
5 25 (1.43%) CMS
6 21 (1.20%) WebLogic
7 14 (0.80%) Tomcat
8 13 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
8 13 (0.75%) Jupyter
9 12 (0.69%) Mule
9 12 (0.69%) WebSphere
10 11 (0.63%) Apache Airflow
11 6 (0.34%) JBoss
11 6 (0.34%) SharePoint
12 5 (0.29%) DNN
12 5 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 4 (0.23%) BizTalk Server
13 4 (0.23%) NServiceBus
13 4 (0.23%) SAS
14 3 (0.17%) IIS
Applications
1 11 (0.63%) Simulink
2 7 (0.40%) Sketch
3 6 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.23%) Gephi
6 3 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.17%) Adobe Premiere
6 3 (0.17%) Chatbot
6 3 (0.17%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 2 (0.11%) InVision
7 2 (0.11%) Zeplin
8 1 (0.057%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.057%) Autodesk Inventor
8 1 (0.057%) Doxygen
8 1 (0.057%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.057%) PTC Creo
8 1 (0.057%) Siemens NX
8 1 (0.057%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 5 (0.29%) Lawson
2 4 (0.23%) SAP ERP
3 3 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.11%) Temenos T24
5 1 (0.057%) Exstream
5 1 (0.057%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.057%) Oracle Assets
5 1 (0.057%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.057%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.057%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.057%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.057%) Oracle iRecruitment
5 1 (0.057%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.057%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.057%) SunGard GMI
5 1 (0.057%) Teamcenter
5 1 (0.057%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 740 (42.43%) AWS
2 437 (25.06%) Azure
3 287 (16.46%) GCP
4 272 (15.60%) Serverless
5 210 (12.04%) AWS Lambda
6 147 (8.43%) Amazon S3
7 123 (7.05%) Amazon EC2
8 104 (5.96%) Amazon ECS
9 70 (4.01%) Amazon SQS
10 58 (3.33%) GitHub
11 55 (3.15%) AWS CloudFormation
12 50 (2.87%) OpenShift
13 39 (2.24%) Apigee
14 38 (2.18%) PaaS
15 36 (2.06%) SaaS
16 34 (1.95%) Cloud Computing
17 24 (1.38%) npm
18 23 (1.32%) AWS Step Functions
19 18 (1.03%) IaaS
20 16 (0.92%) Kong
Communications & Networking
1 47 (2.69%) TCP/IP
2 33 (1.89%) HTTP
3 31 (1.78%) SSL
4 20 (1.15%) Wireless
5 19 (1.09%) DNS
6 17 (0.97%) Ethernet
6 17 (0.97%) Firewall
7 13 (0.75%) Reverse Proxy
8 11 (0.63%) HTTPS
8 11 (0.63%) Wi-Fi
9 10 (0.57%) 5G
10 7 (0.40%) LTE
10 7 (0.40%) RS-485
11 6 (0.34%) Internet
12 5 (0.29%) Modbus
12 5 (0.29%) WAN
13 4 (0.23%) 4G
13 4 (0.23%) Broadband
13 4 (0.23%) FTP
13 4 (0.23%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 131 (7.51%) SQL Server
2 104 (5.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 103 (5.91%) MySQL
4 99 (5.68%) PostgreSQL
5 85 (4.87%) Amazon Redshift
6 83 (4.76%) NoSQL
7 76 (4.36%) Amazon RDS
8 65 (3.73%) Relational Database
9 60 (3.44%) Big Data
10 55 (3.15%) MongoDB
11 51 (2.92%) Apache Ignite
12 34 (1.95%) Data Warehouse
13 29 (1.66%) RDBMS
14 23 (1.32%) Redis
15 21 (1.20%) Hadoop
16 17 (0.97%) Amazon Aurora
17 16 (0.92%) Neo4j
18 13 (0.75%) Tableau
19 12 (0.69%) Apache Cassandra
20 10 (0.57%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 220 (12.61%) Jenkins
2 178 (10.21%) Git (software)
3 91 (5.22%) GitLab
3 91 (5.22%) JIRA
4 87 (4.99%) Artifactory
5 52 (2.98%) RStudio
6 50 (2.87%) Maven
7 47 (2.69%) JUnit
8 41 (2.35%) Cucumber
9 36 (2.06%) Selenium
10 34 (1.95%) Visual Studio
11 28 (1.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 28 (1.61%) Subversion
12 26 (1.49%) Cypress.io
13 25 (1.43%) Sonatype Nexus
13 25 (1.43%) webpack
14 19 (1.09%) Gradle
14 19 (1.09%) JMeter
14 19 (1.09%) Mockito
15 17 (0.97%) Eclipse
General
1 609 (34.92%) Finance
2 369 (21.16%) Front Office
3 245 (14.05%) Banking
4 112 (6.42%) Investment Banking
5 75 (4.30%) Public Sector
6 43 (2.47%) Law
7 39 (2.24%) Electronics
8 38 (2.18%) Telecoms
9 30 (1.72%) Marketing
10 28 (1.61%) Manufacturing
11 21 (1.20%) Aerospace
11 21 (1.20%) Retail
12 14 (0.80%) Back Office
12 14 (0.80%) Military
13 13 (0.75%) Games
14 8 (0.46%) Financial Institution
15 7 (0.40%) French Language
15 7 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
16 5 (0.29%) Automotive
16 5 (0.29%) Legal
Job Titles
1 812 (46.56%) Developer
2 719 (41.23%) Software Engineer
3 283 (16.23%) Developer/Software Engineer
4 207 (11.87%) AWS Engineer
5 180 (10.32%) Java Developer
6 175 (10.03%) Python Developer
7 173 (9.92%) AWS Developer
7 173 (9.92%) Java Engineer
8 160 (9.17%) Python Engineer
9 137 (7.86%) JavaScript Developer
10 127 (7.28%) Java Software Engineer
11 121 (6.94%) AWS Software Engineer
12 118 (6.77%) Python Software Engineer
13 93 (5.33%) DevOps Engineer
14 92 (5.28%) Java Software Developer
15 91 (5.22%) React Developer
16 77 (4.42%) JavaScript Engineer
17 74 (4.24%) Senior Developer
18 66 (3.78%) Software Developer
19 63 (3.61%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 534 (30.62%) Web Services
2 427 (24.48%) React
3 381 (21.85%) AngularJS
4 267 (15.31%) Node.js
5 227 (13.02%) Vue.js
6 209 (11.98%) .NET
7 157 (9.00%) Spring
8 143 (8.20%) HTML
9 126 (7.22%) CSS
10 115 (6.59%) REST
11 104 (5.96%) gRPC
12 88 (5.05%) Kafka
13 87 (4.99%) RESTful
14 86 (4.93%) Spring Boot
15 79 (4.53%) .NET Core
16 78 (4.47%) J2EE
17 70 (4.01%) Redux
18 66 (3.78%) HTML5
19 51 (2.92%) ASP.NET
20 49 (2.81%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 325 (18.64%) Derivative
2 321 (18.41%) Fixed Income
3 305 (17.49%) Equities
4 246 (14.11%) Hedge funds
5 215 (12.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 90 (5.16%) User Experience
7 86 (4.93%) Analytical Skills
7 86 (4.93%) Greenfield Project
8 55 (3.15%) Blog
9 50 (2.87%) Algorithms
10 43 (2.47%) Mobile App
11 34 (1.95%) Cloud Native
12 31 (1.78%) Data Structures
13 21 (1.20%) Credit Derivative
13 21 (1.20%) Public Cloud
13 21 (1.20%) Self-Motivation
14 19 (1.09%) Management Information System
15 17 (0.97%) Enterprise Software
16 14 (0.80%) Pricing Data
17 13 (0.75%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 178 (10.21%) Linux
2 71 (4.07%) Windows
3 59 (3.38%) Unix
4 43 (2.47%) Android
5 33 (1.89%) Apple iOS
6 16 (0.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 13 (0.75%) Embedded Linux
8 10 (0.57%) CentOS
9 8 (0.46%) OpenVMS
10 6 (0.34%) AIX
10 6 (0.34%) FreeRTOS
11 4 (0.23%) Mac OS X
11 4 (0.23%) Windows Server
12 3 (0.17%) Debian
12 3 (0.17%) Ubuntu
13 2 (0.11%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.11%) Windows 10
14 1 (0.057%) SafeRTOS
14 1 (0.057%) Windows Server 2012
14 1 (0.057%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 913 (52.35%) Agile Software Development
2 432 (24.77%) Asset Management
3 408 (23.39%) DevOps
4 328 (18.81%) Microservices
5 284 (16.28%) Investment Management
6 228 (13.07%) TDD
7 154 (8.83%) Scrum
8 135 (7.74%) Open Source
9 131 (7.51%) Computer Science
10 129 (7.40%) Test Automation
11 119 (6.82%) Continuous Integration
11 119 (6.82%) Problem-Solving
12 108 (6.19%) Analytics
13 105 (6.02%) OO
14 104 (5.96%) BDD
14 104 (5.96%) Decision-Making
14 104 (5.96%) SDLC
15 101 (5.79%) Fintech
16 89 (5.10%) Unit Testing
17 85 (4.87%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 762 (43.69%) Java
2 687 (39.39%) Python
3 636 (36.47%) JavaScript
4 318 (18.23%) SQL
5 252 (14.45%) C#
6 224 (12.84%) C++
7 196 (11.24%) Kotlin
8 135 (7.74%) C
9 130 (7.45%) TypeScript
10 116 (6.65%) Scala
11 75 (4.30%) Go
12 72 (4.13%) R
13 54 (3.10%) Java 8
14 52 (2.98%) Bash Shell
15 46 (2.64%) PHP
16 44 (2.52%) PowerShell
17 32 (1.83%) Embedded C
18 31 (1.78%) PL/SQL
19 28 (1.61%) Ruby
20 25 (1.43%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 170 (9.75%) Security Cleared
2 154 (8.83%) Degree
3 137 (7.86%) SC Cleared
4 40 (2.29%) Computer Science Degree
5 26 (1.49%) DV Cleared
6 21 (1.20%) PhD
7 18 (1.03%) Master's Degree
8 17 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
9 12 (0.69%) AWS Certification
10 9 (0.52%) DBS Check
10 9 (0.52%) ISTQB
10 9 (0.52%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 8 (0.46%) HNC
11 8 (0.46%) HND
12 6 (0.34%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 5 (0.29%) ISEB
14 4 (0.23%) VCAP
14 4 (0.23%) VCDX
14 4 (0.23%) VCP6
15 3 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 45 (2.58%) QA
2 8 (0.46%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.40%) GDPR
4 6 (0.34%) Dublin Core
4 6 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.29%) PSD2
6 4 (0.23%) MISRA
7 3 (0.17%) DO-178B
7 3 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.057%) COREP
8 1 (0.057%) CRD IV
8 1 (0.057%) IEC 62304
8 1 (0.057%) ISO 9000
8 1 (0.057%) JTAG
8 1 (0.057%) NIST
8 1 (0.057%) NIST 800
8 1 (0.057%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.057%) PMO
8 1 (0.057%) SLA
8 1 (0.057%) TickIT
System Software
1 329 (18.86%) Docker
2 16 (0.92%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.63%) Firmware
4 8 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (0.40%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.29%) vSphere
7 4 (0.23%) HDFS
7 4 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
8 3 (0.17%) GridGain
9 2 (0.11%) Ceph
9 2 (0.11%) NFS
10 1 (0.057%) etcd
10 1 (0.057%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.057%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.057%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 305 (17.49%) Kubernetes
2 213 (12.21%) Terraform
3 62 (3.56%) Ansible
4 43 (2.47%) Puppet
5 25 (1.43%) Prometheus
6 21 (1.20%) Opscode Chef
7 12 (0.69%) Packer
8 11 (0.63%) Graphite
9 9 (0.52%) Consul
9 9 (0.52%) Grafana
10 8 (0.46%) Kibana
11 5 (0.29%) Salt
11 5 (0.29%) Zipkin
12 4 (0.23%) HP Quality Center
12 4 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.17%) Hadoop YARN
13 3 (0.17%) logstash
14 2 (0.11%) Mesos
14 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Clustering
14 2 (0.11%) vRealize
Vendors
1 160 (9.17%) Google
2 134 (7.68%) Oracle
3 80 (4.59%) Microsoft
4 51 (2.92%) Splunk
5 34 (1.95%) Bloomberg
6 30 (1.72%) MuleSoft
7 25 (1.43%) SAP
8 23 (1.32%) Salesforce.com
9 18 (1.03%) IBM
10 16 (0.92%) AppDynamics
10 16 (0.92%) Atlassian
11 14 (0.80%) Cloudera
11 14 (0.80%) Sybase
11 14 (0.80%) Talend
12 13 (0.75%) F5
12 13 (0.75%) Red Hat
13 12 (0.69%) VMware
14 11 (0.63%) Databricks
14 11 (0.63%) webMethods
15 10 (0.57%) Confluent