Period
to 24 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 24 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
24 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 68 73 87
Rank change year-on-year +5 +14 +17
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3076 2985 2534
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.24% 3.06% 2.42%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.83% 3.64% 2.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 2046 1859 1593
England median daily rate £475 £450 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +7.14% +5.00%
10th Percentile £343 £315 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £413
% change year-on-year +5.56% +9.09% +5.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 246 261 314
England median hourly rate £44.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £33.38 £32.50 £31.53
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £40.38
% change year-on-year +1.18% +5.25% +0.95%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80234 82084 85790
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.63% 84.15% 81.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 53987 54693 56513
England median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £288 £265 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1867 2155 2533
England median hourly rate £24.00 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.35 £11.50 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.00 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £23.72 £22.50
% change year-on-year +0.15% +5.40% +18.42%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 24 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 24 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 24 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +10 1554 £525 +5.00% 540
South East -14 451 £450 +5.88% 201
North of England +24 436 £425 -0.58% 187
East of England -5 254 £413 +3.13% 182
South West -5 222 £400 -3.03% 97
North West +13 217 £450 +5.88% 81
Yorkshire +38 181 £430 +1.18% 94
Midlands -23 153 £398 +10.42% 78
West Midlands -40 79 £375 - 46
East Midlands -3 69 £424 +25.56% 31
North East +44 66 £425 -7.61% 12
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 24 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1585 (51.53%) Agile Software Development
2 1183 (38.46%) Java
3 886 (28.80%) TDD
4 795 (25.85%) JavaScript
5 692 (22.50%) Scrum
6 663 (21.55%) Linux
7 611 (19.86%) C#
7 611 (19.86%) Continuous Integration
8 604 (19.64%) SQL
9 519 (16.87%) Git (software)
10 504 (16.38%) Test Automation
11 500 (16.25%) Python
12 497 (16.16%) .NET
13 486 (15.80%) BDD
14 480 (15.60%) Amazon AWS
15 474 (15.41%) C++
16 462 (15.02%) HTML
17 425 (13.82%) Finance
18 411 (13.36%) DevOps
19 406 (13.20%) Microservices
20 403 (13.10%) CSS
21 400 (13.00%) Web Services
22 399 (12.97%) AngularJS
23 392 (12.74%) OO
24 367 (11.93%) Jenkins
25 360 (11.70%) Node.js
26 359 (11.67%) MongoDB
27 356 (11.57%) Spring
28 354 (11.51%) NoSQL
29 342 (11.12%) C

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 143 (4.65%) Apache Spark
2 118 (3.84%) Confluence
3 101 (3.28%) Elasticsearch
4 95 (3.09%) Apache
5 90 (2.93%) Tomcat
6 70 (2.28%) JBoss
7 68 (2.21%) CMS
8 35 (1.14%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 33 (1.07%) nginx
10 28 (0.91%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 27 (0.88%) NServiceBus
11 27 (0.88%) WebLogic
12 24 (0.78%) Cloud Foundry
12 24 (0.78%) Jetty
12 24 (0.78%) OpenStack
13 23 (0.75%) Apache Solr
14 19 (0.62%) Drupal
15 17 (0.55%) SharePoint
16 16 (0.52%) WebSphere
17 15 (0.49%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 47 (1.53%) Simulink
2 22 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
4 15 (0.49%) MS Visio
5 12 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.29%) Photoshop
7 8 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
8 4 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.13%) InfoPath
8 4 (0.13%) InVision
8 4 (0.13%) OmniGraffle
9 3 (0.098%) Autodesk Inventor
9 3 (0.098%) Doxygen
9 3 (0.098%) MicroStation
9 3 (0.098%) SOLIDWORKS
10 2 (0.065%) SPSS
11 1 (0.033%) HipChat
11 1 (0.033%) OrCAD
11 1 (0.033%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.033%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 19 (0.62%) Magento
2 9 (0.29%) LabWindows
2 9 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
3 5 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
3 5 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.16%) SunGard GMI
4 3 (0.098%) BondVision
4 3 (0.098%) OpenText Process Suite
4 3 (0.098%) Oracle Applications
4 3 (0.098%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.065%) BusinessWorks
5 2 (0.065%) Markit EDM
5 2 (0.065%) Maximo
5 2 (0.065%) MetaTrader
5 2 (0.065%) RMDS
5 2 (0.065%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.065%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.065%) Teamcenter
6 1 (0.033%) HFM
6 1 (0.033%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 480 (15.60%) Amazon AWS
2 241 (7.83%) Microsoft Azure
3 101 (3.28%) GitHub
4 68 (2.21%) Amazon EC2
5 67 (2.18%) Slack
6 54 (1.76%) Serverless
7 46 (1.50%) AWS Lambda
8 41 (1.33%) PaaS
9 36 (1.17%) Google Cloud Platform
10 35 (1.14%) SaaS
11 32 (1.04%) Amazon S3
12 27 (0.88%) Amazon SQS
13 25 (0.81%) AWS CloudFormation
13 25 (0.81%) Cloud Computing
14 23 (0.75%) OpenShift
15 22 (0.72%) IaaS
16 19 (0.62%) npm
17 17 (0.55%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 14 (0.46%) Heroku
19 10 (0.33%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 123 (4.00%) HTTP
2 106 (3.45%) TCP/IP
3 50 (1.63%) Wireless
4 49 (1.59%) SSL
5 46 (1.50%) Internet
6 34 (1.11%) Bluetooth
7 33 (1.07%) Wi-Fi
8 27 (0.88%) DNS
8 27 (0.88%) Wireshark
9 21 (0.68%) Firewall
10 20 (0.65%) SMS
11 19 (0.62%) Network Security
12 18 (0.59%) LDAP
12 18 (0.59%) ZigBee
13 17 (0.55%) LTE
14 12 (0.39%) Ethernet
14 12 (0.39%) GSM
15 11 (0.36%) FTP
15 11 (0.36%) VoIP
16 10 (0.33%) UMTS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 359 (11.67%) MongoDB
2 354 (11.51%) NoSQL
3 234 (7.61%) SQL Server
4 190 (6.18%) MySQL
5 171 (5.56%) Big Data
6 151 (4.91%) Hadoop
7 143 (4.65%) PostgreSQL
8 129 (4.19%) Apache Cassandra
9 125 (4.06%) Relational Database
10 57 (1.85%) Data Warehouse
11 50 (1.63%) Apache Hive
11 50 (1.63%) Redis
12 44 (1.43%) Oracle Database
13 38 (1.24%) HBase
14 36 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 35 (1.14%) RavenDB
16 33 (1.07%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 30 (0.98%) RDBMS
18 23 (0.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 20 (0.65%) GIS
Development Applications
1 519 (16.87%) Git (software)
2 367 (11.93%) Jenkins
3 245 (7.96%) JIRA
4 161 (5.23%) Cucumber
5 157 (5.10%) Maven
6 140 (4.55%) JUnit
7 113 (3.67%) Subversion
8 110 (3.58%) Visual Studio
9 106 (3.45%) TeamCity
10 101 (3.28%) Selenium
11 85 (2.76%) Octopus Deploy
12 76 (2.47%) Grunt
13 75 (2.44%) Gradle
14 74 (2.41%) Rational DOORS
15 73 (2.37%) IntelliJ
16 67 (2.18%) Eclipse
17 64 (2.08%) Mockito
18 62 (2.02%) gulp
19 61 (1.98%) Jasmine
20 59 (1.92%) NUnit
General
1 425 (13.82%) Finance
2 268 (8.71%) Banking
3 102 (3.32%) Front Office
4 100 (3.25%) Investment Banking
5 78 (2.54%) Games
6 74 (2.41%) Retail
7 73 (2.37%) Electronics
8 65 (2.11%) Telecoms
9 54 (1.76%) Marketing
10 53 (1.72%) Automotive
11 47 (1.53%) Publishing
12 39 (1.27%) Aerospace
13 37 (1.20%) Manufacturing
14 26 (0.85%) Advertising
15 25 (0.81%) Law
16 24 (0.78%) Back Office
16 24 (0.78%) Military
17 20 (0.65%) Avionics
18 19 (0.62%) Retail Banking
19 12 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1426 (46.36%) Developer
2 980 (31.86%) Software Engineer
3 439 (14.27%) Java Developer
4 203 (6.60%) Java Engineer
5 199 (6.47%) C# Developer
6 190 (6.18%) .NET Developer
7 171 (5.56%) Java Software Engineer
8 168 (5.46%) Senior Developer
9 166 (5.40%) DevOps Engineer
10 155 (5.04%) Agile Developer
11 151 (4.91%) Embedded Engineer
12 144 (4.68%) Embedded Software Engineer
13 143 (4.65%) JavaScript Developer
14 142 (4.62%) C++ Software Engineer
14 142 (4.62%) Senior Software Engineer
15 132 (4.29%) Software Developer
16 131 (4.26%) Architect
17 129 (4.19%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 107 (3.48%) Full Stack Developer
19 106 (3.45%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 497 (16.16%) .NET
2 462 (15.02%) HTML
3 403 (13.10%) CSS
4 400 (13.00%) Web Services
5 399 (12.97%) AngularJS
6 360 (11.70%) Node.js
7 356 (11.57%) Spring
8 291 (9.46%) REST
9 283 (9.20%) React
10 270 (8.78%) RESTful
11 215 (6.99%) HTML5
12 177 (5.75%) ASP.NET
13 157 (5.10%) Hibernate
14 152 (4.94%) JSON
15 150 (4.88%) XML
16 146 (4.75%) jQuery
17 113 (3.67%) ASP.NET Web API
18 111 (3.61%) Spring Boot
19 102 (3.32%) CSS3
20 94 (3.06%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 215 (6.99%) Computer Science
2 193 (6.27%) User Experience
3 179 (5.82%) Analytical Skills
4 136 (4.42%) Greenfield Project
5 133 (4.32%) Algorithms
6 102 (3.32%) Mobile App
7 78 (2.54%) Data Structures
8 67 (2.18%) Enterprise Software
9 64 (2.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 62 (2.02%) Fintech
11 54 (1.76%) Fixed Income
12 51 (1.66%) Derivative
13 46 (1.50%) Embedded Systems
14 37 (1.20%) Virtual Team
15 33 (1.07%) Linux Command Line
16 31 (1.01%) Equity Derivative
17 30 (0.98%) Cloud Native
18 26 (0.85%) iPhone
19 23 (0.75%) Replication
20 22 (0.72%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 663 (21.55%) Linux
2 281 (9.14%) Windows
3 200 (6.50%) Unix
4 126 (4.10%) Apple iOS
5 117 (3.80%) Android
6 99 (3.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 45 (1.46%) Embedded Linux
8 40 (1.30%) Windows Server
9 33 (1.07%) CentOS
10 20 (0.65%) Ubuntu
11 19 (0.62%) VxWorks
12 16 (0.52%) Windows 7
13 13 (0.42%) Mac OS X
13 13 (0.42%) Windows Server 2012
14 12 (0.39%) Debian
15 11 (0.36%) Solaris
15 11 (0.36%) Windows 10
16 10 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
17 9 (0.29%) CoreOS
17 9 (0.29%) Nucleus RTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1585 (51.53%) Agile Software Development
2 886 (28.80%) TDD
3 692 (22.50%) Scrum
4 611 (19.86%) Continuous Integration
5 504 (16.38%) Test Automation
6 486 (15.80%) BDD
7 411 (13.36%) DevOps
8 406 (13.20%) Microservices
9 392 (12.74%) OO
10 335 (10.89%) MVC
11 284 (9.23%) SDLC
12 272 (8.84%) Kanban
13 271 (8.81%) Open Source
14 263 (8.55%) Pair Programming
15 250 (8.13%) Unit Testing
16 226 (7.35%) Web Development
17 211 (6.86%) Continuous Delivery
18 208 (6.76%) Configuration Management
19 196 (6.37%) Mentoring
20 182 (5.92%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 1183 (38.46%) Java
2 795 (25.85%) JavaScript
3 611 (19.86%) C#
4 604 (19.64%) SQL
5 500 (16.25%) Python
6 474 (15.41%) C++
7 342 (11.12%) C
8 240 (7.80%) Scala
9 122 (3.97%) Ruby
10 113 (3.67%) Embedded C
11 109 (3.54%) Groovy
12 90 (2.93%) PHP
13 86 (2.80%) Bash Shell
14 73 (2.37%) ES6
15 65 (2.11%) PowerShell
16 64 (2.08%) Go
17 63 (2.05%) Shell Script
18 60 (1.95%) Objective-C
19 58 (1.89%) MATLAB
20 57 (1.85%) Perl
Qualifications
1 318 (10.34%) Degree
2 222 (7.22%) Security Cleared
3 157 (5.10%) SC Cleared
4 101 (3.28%) Computer Science Degree
5 32 (1.04%) DV Cleared
6 30 (0.98%) BPSS Clearance
7 14 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
8 12 (0.39%) ISTQB
8 12 (0.39%) PhD
9 10 (0.33%) Master's Degree
10 6 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
11 5 (0.16%) ISEB
11 5 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
12 3 (0.098%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 3 (0.098%) PMI Certification
12 3 (0.098%) PMP
13 2 (0.065%) BC Cleared
13 2 (0.065%) CSQA
13 2 (0.065%) MCSE
13 2 (0.065%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 257 (8.36%) QA
2 37 (1.20%) MISRA
3 21 (0.68%) DO-178B
4 17 (0.55%) Data Quality
5 15 (0.49%) MiFID
6 11 (0.36%) GPG13
6 11 (0.36%) IEC 62304
7 9 (0.29%) MISRA C
8 8 (0.26%) ISO 26262
9 7 (0.23%) GDPR
10 6 (0.20%) GCP
10 6 (0.20%) PMO
11 5 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
11 5 (0.16%) JSP 440
12 4 (0.13%) MIL-STD-1553
12 4 (0.13%) SLA
13 3 (0.098%) HL7
13 3 (0.098%) ISO 9001
13 3 (0.098%) PCI DSS
13 3 (0.098%) PSD2
System Software
1 307 (9.98%) Docker
2 40 (1.30%) Active Directory
3 31 (1.01%) Firmware
4 22 (0.72%) VMware Infrastructure
5 17 (0.55%) HDFS
6 16 (0.52%) Xen
7 13 (0.42%) KVM
8 9 (0.29%) Advanced Linux Sound Architecture
8 9 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
9 8 (0.26%) Apache Flume
9 8 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 8 (0.26%) LXC
10 7 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
11 6 (0.20%) VirtualBox
12 4 (0.13%) OpenAM
12 4 (0.13%) OpenIDM
13 3 (0.098%) Cygwin
13 3 (0.098%) Hyper-V
14 2 (0.065%) VMware ESXi
14 2 (0.065%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 168 (5.46%) Ansible
2 151 (4.91%) Puppet
3 109 (3.54%) Opscode Chef
4 88 (2.86%) Kubernetes
5 80 (2.60%) Terraform
6 31 (1.01%) Kibana
7 27 (0.88%) logstash
8 22 (0.72%) Grafana
9 21 (0.68%) Packer
10 20 (0.65%) Hadoop YARN
11 19 (0.62%) Cobbler
12 17 (0.55%) Rancher
13 15 (0.49%) Mesos
13 15 (0.49%) Nagios
14 10 (0.33%) Prometheus
15 9 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
16 7 (0.23%) Consul
17 6 (0.20%) Business Desktop Deployment
17 6 (0.20%) rkt
18 5 (0.16%) Icinga
Vendors
1 270 (8.78%) Microsoft
2 205 (6.66%) Oracle
3 73 (2.37%) Red Hat
4 68 (2.21%) Google
5 64 (2.08%) New Relic
6 44 (1.43%) Adobe
7 37 (1.20%) Apple
8 36 (1.17%) Splunk
9 32 (1.04%) Atlassian
9 32 (1.04%) IBM
9 32 (1.04%) VMware
10 26 (0.85%) Talend
11 24 (0.78%) Xamarin
12 20 (0.65%) Coverity
12 20 (0.65%) Sitecore
13 18 (0.59%) Cloudera
13 18 (0.59%) WSO2
14 16 (0.52%) Hortonworks
15 15 (0.49%) Cisco
16 14 (0.46%) Salesforce.com