Period
to 20 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 20 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
20 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 63 70 76
Rank change year-on-year +7 +6 +21
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,496 2,855 2,899
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.75% 3.24% 2.89%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.34% 3.77% 3.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,207 1,821 1,792
England median daily rate £500 £465 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.53% +3.33% +12.50%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £315
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £490 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +8.89% - +12.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 271 238 286
England median hourly rate £43.00 £44.75 £42.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.91% +5.92% +5.63%
10th Percentile £28.85 £32.50 £31.25
90th Percentile £51.00 £53.75 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £44.00 £42.25
% change year-on-year -2.27% +4.14% +5.63%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80,554 75,652 85,355
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.30% 85.77% 85.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 53,592 49,896 56,961
England median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £264
90th Percentile £638 £625 £606
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,170 1,871 2,069
England median hourly rate £21.37 £23.75 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.03% +1.06% +9.05%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.70
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £24.86 £23.50
% change year-on-year -15.53% +5.79% +8.82%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 20 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 20 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 20 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +11 1,697 £525 - 847
South East +20 637 £450 +4.65% 478
North of England -4 485 £425 +0.12% 389
South West +8 273 £425 +6.25% 255
East of England +8 244 £444 -1.39% 348
Yorkshire +6 237 £425 - 143
North West -6 206 £425 -3.13% 212
Midlands -13 159 £400 +11.50% 254
West Midlands +13 105 £425 +6.19% 164
East Midlands -36 54 £351 -1.61% 90
North East -19 45 £425 +6.25% 34
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 20 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,850 (52.92%) Agile Software Development
2 1,293 (36.99%) Java
3 940 (26.89%) JavaScript
4 864 (24.71%) TDD
5 773 (22.11%) C#
6 674 (19.28%) Amazon AWS
7 666 (19.05%) SQL
8 660 (18.88%) Scrum
9 658 (18.82%) Linux
10 636 (18.19%) Python
11 628 (17.96%) .NET
12 615 (17.59%) Continuous Integration
13 591 (16.91%) Finance
14 587 (16.79%) C++
15 583 (16.68%) Git (software)
16 551 (15.76%) DevOps
17 522 (14.93%) Microservices
18 509 (14.56%) Test Automation
19 500 (14.30%) BDD
20 488 (13.96%) AngularJS
21 485 (13.87%) HTML
22 480 (13.73%) Docker
23 459 (13.13%) Jenkins
24 436 (12.47%) CSS
25 435 (12.44%) Degree
26 428 (12.24%) Spring
27 413 (11.81%) OO
27 413 (11.81%) Node.js
28 395 (11.30%) Web Services
29 390 (11.16%) C

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 137 (3.92%) Apache
2 136 (3.89%) Confluence
3 120 (3.43%) Apache Spark
3 120 (3.43%) Elasticsearch
4 104 (2.97%) Tomcat
5 78 (2.23%) JBoss
6 47 (1.34%) CMS
7 45 (1.29%) Cloud Foundry
8 43 (1.23%) NServiceBus
9 35 (1.00%) Jetty
9 35 (1.00%) nginx
9 35 (1.00%) WebSphere
10 33 (0.94%) SharePoint
11 32 (0.92%) IIS
12 22 (0.63%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 15 (0.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 12 (0.34%) OpenStack
15 11 (0.31%) Apache ServiceMix
15 11 (0.31%) Apache Solr
15 11 (0.31%) Jupyter
Applications
1 37 (1.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 32 (0.92%) Simulink
3 13 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
4 11 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 10 (0.29%) Chatbot
5 10 (0.29%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.17%) Doxygen
6 6 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
7 5 (0.14%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.057%) Stateflow
9 1 (0.029%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.029%) GIMP
9 1 (0.029%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 19 (0.54%) thinkFolio
2 16 (0.46%) Eagle PACE
3 14 (0.40%) Front Arena
4 12 (0.34%) SAP ERP
5 11 (0.31%) Oracle BPM
5 11 (0.31%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 8 (0.23%) Bloomberg AIM
7 7 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
7 7 (0.20%) Markit EDM
7 7 (0.20%) Remedy ITSM
8 6 (0.17%) Magento
8 6 (0.17%) Remedy AR System
9 5 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
10 4 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
11 3 (0.086%) Adobe Campaign
11 3 (0.086%) LatentZero
11 3 (0.086%) Oracle 11i
11 3 (0.086%) Oracle EBS
11 3 (0.086%) Primavera
11 3 (0.086%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 674 (19.28%) Amazon AWS
2 307 (8.78%) Microsoft Azure
3 88 (2.52%) Serverless
4 87 (2.49%) Google Cloud Platform
5 82 (2.35%) Cloud Computing
6 77 (2.20%) GitHub
7 69 (1.97%) AWS Lambda
8 55 (1.57%) Amazon EC2
9 52 (1.49%) PaaS
10 51 (1.46%) Slack
11 48 (1.37%) AWS CloudFormation
12 41 (1.17%) Amazon S3
13 40 (1.14%) SaaS
14 34 (0.97%) npm
15 30 (0.86%) OpenShift
16 27 (0.77%) IaaS
17 26 (0.74%) Amazon Kinesis
18 21 (0.60%) Heroku
19 18 (0.51%) Amazon SQS
20 16 (0.46%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 119 (3.40%) TCP/IP
2 118 (3.38%) HTTP
3 64 (1.83%) SSL
4 57 (1.63%) Internet
5 36 (1.03%) DNS
6 34 (0.97%) Wireless
7 32 (0.92%) Ethernet
8 30 (0.86%) Firewall
8 30 (0.86%) Wireshark
9 27 (0.77%) FTP
9 27 (0.77%) Wi-Fi
10 26 (0.74%) SMS
11 16 (0.46%) Broadband
12 14 (0.40%) Network Security
12 14 (0.40%) RS-232
13 13 (0.37%) Bluetooth
14 11 (0.31%) DHCP
14 11 (0.31%) DMARC
14 11 (0.31%) MQTT
14 11 (0.31%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 351 (10.04%) NoSQL
2 268 (7.67%) SQL Server
3 238 (6.81%) MongoDB
4 204 (5.84%) PostgreSQL
5 176 (5.03%) MySQL
6 175 (5.01%) Big Data
7 162 (4.63%) Relational Database
8 135 (3.86%) Hadoop
9 113 (3.23%) Apache Cassandra
10 71 (2.03%) Apache Hive
11 50 (1.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 50 (1.43%) Redis
12 43 (1.23%) Data Warehouse
13 40 (1.14%) Oracle Database
13 40 (1.14%) RDBMS
14 34 (0.97%) HBase
15 30 (0.86%) Amazon RDS
16 28 (0.80%) Amazon Redshift
17 26 (0.74%) Blockchain
18 23 (0.66%) GIS
Development Applications
1 583 (16.68%) Git (software)
2 459 (13.13%) Jenkins
3 254 (7.27%) JIRA
4 167 (4.78%) Selenium
5 165 (4.72%) Visual Studio
6 150 (4.29%) Maven
7 148 (4.23%) JUnit
8 132 (3.78%) Cucumber
9 116 (3.32%) TeamCity
10 93 (2.66%) Subversion
11 85 (2.43%) Gradle
12 75 (2.15%) Eclipse
13 70 (2.00%) Octopus Deploy
14 68 (1.95%) Jasmine
15 65 (1.86%) Mockito
16 64 (1.83%) Rational DOORS
17 60 (1.72%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 60 (1.72%) Team Foundation Server
18 50 (1.43%) Rational Rhapsody
19 46 (1.32%) JMeter
General
1 591 (16.91%) Finance
2 229 (6.55%) Banking
3 120 (3.43%) Front Office
3 120 (3.43%) Retail
4 75 (2.15%) Electronics
5 72 (2.06%) Investment Banking
6 70 (2.00%) Games
7 69 (1.97%) Marketing
8 64 (1.83%) Law
8 64 (1.83%) Manufacturing
9 58 (1.66%) Telecoms
10 53 (1.52%) Automotive
11 43 (1.23%) Aerospace
12 30 (0.86%) Back Office
13 27 (0.77%) Military
14 21 (0.60%) Financial Institution
15 20 (0.57%) Legal
16 14 (0.40%) Avionics
17 9 (0.26%) Publishing
18 8 (0.23%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,531 (43.79%) Developer
2 1,235 (35.33%) Software Engineer
3 467 (13.36%) Java Developer
4 291 (8.32%) Java Engineer
5 259 (7.41%) Java Software Engineer
6 234 (6.69%) Senior Software Engineer
7 223 (6.38%) C# Developer
8 201 (5.75%) .NET Developer
9 196 (5.61%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 188 (5.38%) Senior Developer
11 179 (5.12%) Software Developer
12 177 (5.06%) C++ Software Engineer
13 155 (4.43%) Embedded Engineer
14 151 (4.32%) Architect
15 145 (4.15%) Embedded Software Engineer
16 134 (3.83%) JavaScript Developer
17 110 (3.15%) C# .NET Developer
18 107 (3.06%) DevOps Engineer
19 103 (2.95%) AWS Engineer
20 102 (2.92%) C# Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 628 (17.96%) .NET
2 488 (13.96%) AngularJS
3 485 (13.87%) HTML
4 436 (12.47%) CSS
5 428 (12.24%) Spring
6 413 (11.81%) Node.js
7 395 (11.30%) Web Services
8 359 (10.27%) React
9 348 (9.95%) REST
10 246 (7.04%) RESTful
11 240 (6.86%) ASP.NET
12 213 (6.09%) XML
13 196 (5.61%) Kafka
14 185 (5.29%) HTML5
14 185 (5.29%) Spring Boot
15 157 (4.49%) Hibernate
16 146 (4.18%) jQuery
17 133 (3.80%) J2EE
18 127 (3.63%) SOAP
19 124 (3.55%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 306 (8.75%) Computer Science
2 225 (6.44%) User Experience
3 163 (4.66%) Greenfield Project
4 151 (4.32%) Analytical Skills
5 120 (3.43%) Algorithms
6 104 (2.97%) Fintech
7 98 (2.80%) Self-Motivation
8 88 (2.52%) Mobile App
9 85 (2.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 73 (2.09%) Fixed Income
11 70 (2.00%) Enterprise Software
12 60 (1.72%) Derivative
13 58 (1.66%) Data Structures
14 52 (1.49%) Embedded Systems
14 52 (1.49%) Management Information System
15 49 (1.40%) Equities
16 40 (1.14%) Public Cloud
17 39 (1.12%) Hedge funds
17 39 (1.12%) Virtual Team
18 32 (0.92%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
Operating Systems
1 658 (18.82%) Linux
2 261 (7.47%) Windows
3 197 (5.64%) Unix
4 93 (2.66%) Android
5 85 (2.43%) Apple iOS
6 51 (1.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 36 (1.03%) Embedded Linux
7 36 (1.03%) Windows Server
8 25 (0.72%) CentOS
9 22 (0.63%) Ubuntu
10 21 (0.60%) VxWorks
11 15 (0.43%) FreeRTOS
12 11 (0.31%) Nucleus RTOS
13 10 (0.29%) SafeRTOS
14 9 (0.26%) Windows 7
15 8 (0.23%) CoreOS
15 8 (0.23%) Windows 10
16 6 (0.17%) Windows Embedded Compact
17 5 (0.14%) Debian
17 5 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,850 (52.92%) Agile Software Development
2 864 (24.71%) TDD
3 660 (18.88%) Scrum
4 615 (17.59%) Continuous Integration
5 551 (15.76%) DevOps
6 522 (14.93%) Microservices
7 509 (14.56%) Test Automation
8 500 (14.30%) BDD
9 413 (11.81%) OO
10 300 (8.58%) Problem-Solving
11 297 (8.50%) Unit Testing
12 295 (8.44%) MVC
13 275 (7.87%) SDLC
14 239 (6.84%) Kanban
15 236 (6.75%) Open Source
16 228 (6.52%) Pair Programming
17 227 (6.49%) Continuous Delivery
18 217 (6.21%) Mentoring
19 207 (5.92%) Multithreading
20 198 (5.66%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 1,293 (36.99%) Java
2 940 (26.89%) JavaScript
3 773 (22.11%) C#
4 666 (19.05%) SQL
5 636 (18.19%) Python
6 587 (16.79%) C++
7 390 (11.16%) C
8 253 (7.24%) Java 8
9 212 (6.06%) Scala
10 132 (3.78%) Ruby
11 126 (3.60%) TypeScript
12 118 (3.38%) Embedded C
13 114 (3.26%) Go
13 114 (3.26%) Groovy
14 109 (3.12%) PowerShell
15 97 (2.77%) PHP
16 94 (2.69%) ES6
17 91 (2.60%) Bash Shell
18 86 (2.46%) Perl
19 80 (2.29%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 435 (12.44%) Degree
2 333 (9.53%) Security Cleared
3 250 (7.15%) SC Cleared
4 118 (3.38%) Computer Science Degree
5 34 (0.97%) DV Cleared
5 34 (0.97%) Master's Degree
6 23 (0.66%) PhD
7 18 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
8 17 (0.49%) ISEB
8 17 (0.49%) ISTQB
9 14 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 13 (0.37%) AWS Certification
10 13 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
11 11 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
11 11 (0.31%) TOGAF Certification
12 10 (0.29%) Oracle Certification
12 10 (0.29%) PMI Certification
13 9 (0.26%) PMP
14 8 (0.23%) CCNA
14 8 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 223 (6.38%) QA
2 31 (0.89%) MISRA
3 27 (0.77%) GCP
4 23 (0.66%) GDPR
4 23 (0.66%) MISRA C
5 16 (0.46%) DO-178B
6 14 (0.40%) Data Quality
7 13 (0.37%) COBIT
8 11 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 10 (0.29%) IEC 62304
10 9 (0.26%) IEC 61508
10 9 (0.26%) SLA
10 9 (0.26%) WCAG
11 8 (0.23%) PCI DSS
11 8 (0.23%) PMO
12 7 (0.20%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 6 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
14 5 (0.14%) HL7
15 4 (0.11%) ISO 9001
15 4 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 480 (13.73%) Docker
2 31 (0.89%) HDFS
3 28 (0.80%) Firmware
4 26 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
5 21 (0.60%) Active Directory
6 11 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (0.31%) vSphere
7 10 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 9 (0.26%) VirtualBox
9 6 (0.17%) Xen
10 5 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
11 3 (0.086%) XenDesktop
12 2 (0.057%) Apache Flume
12 2 (0.057%) KVM
12 2 (0.057%) Microsoft App-V
12 2 (0.057%) Virtual Servers
12 2 (0.057%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.057%) XenApp
13 1 (0.029%) OpenAM
13 1 (0.029%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 234 (6.69%) Ansible
2 198 (5.66%) Kubernetes
3 183 (5.23%) Puppet
4 159 (4.55%) Terraform
5 114 (3.26%) Opscode Chef
6 35 (1.00%) Grafana
7 26 (0.74%) Cobbler
8 25 (0.72%) Kibana
9 24 (0.69%) Docker Swarm
9 24 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
10 21 (0.60%) Mesos
11 20 (0.57%) Prometheus
12 17 (0.49%) Hadoop YARN
12 17 (0.49%) Packer
13 14 (0.40%) Rancher
14 13 (0.37%) Consul
14 13 (0.37%) Graylog
14 13 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
14 13 (0.37%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 11 (0.31%) Oracle Identity Manager
Vendors
1 224 (6.41%) Oracle
2 214 (6.12%) Microsoft
3 118 (3.38%) Google
4 56 (1.60%) Atlassian
5 53 (1.52%) Red Hat
6 39 (1.12%) VMware
7 35 (1.00%) IBM
7 35 (1.00%) Tableau
8 33 (0.94%) Adobe
9 31 (0.89%) SAP
10 30 (0.86%) Splunk
11 22 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
12 21 (0.60%) Charles River
12 21 (0.60%) Coverity
13 17 (0.49%) Calypso
13 17 (0.49%) Cloudera
14 16 (0.46%) FXall
14 16 (0.46%) HP
14 16 (0.46%) SimCorp
15 15 (0.43%) Cisco