Period
to 18 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 18 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
18 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 66 71 73
Rank change year-on-year +5 +2 +18
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,057 2,770 2,731
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.33% 3.14% 2.76%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.93% 3.74% 3.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,999 1,718 1,631
England median daily rate £500 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £351 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £638
UK median daily rate £495 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 254 266 361
England median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.18% - +8.97%
10th Percentile £34.13 £32.50 £33.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.50 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.18% - +7.59%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 77,762 74,154 82,254
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.79% 84.02% 82.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,406 49,441 54,289
England median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +4.29%
10th Percentile £294 £269 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £605
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,865 2,035 2,438
England median hourly rate £24.09 £25.00 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.64% +6.38% +17.50%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.36 £11.36
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.35 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £25.00 £24.23
% change year-on-year -4.00% +3.18% +21.15%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 18 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 18 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 18 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +12 1,544 £525 +5.00% 977
North of England +23 489 £425 - 368
South East +2 489 £450 +5.88% 472
Yorkshire +28 247 £425 +4.62% 155
East of England -14 227 £405 +1.33% 377
North West +14 203 £427 +0.35% 185
South West -25 161 £400 -4.76% 214
Midlands -29 138 £400 +11.11% 233
West Midlands -23 81 £381 +5.32% 165
North East +19 59 £425 -5.56% 28
East Midlands -24 51 £463 +37.04% 67
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 18 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,581 (51.72%) Agile Software Development
2 1,183 (38.70%) Java
3 873 (28.56%) TDD
4 833 (27.25%) JavaScript
5 675 (22.08%) Scrum
6 616 (20.15%) C#
7 598 (19.56%) Linux
8 590 (19.30%) SQL
9 581 (19.01%) Git (software)
10 579 (18.94%) Continuous Integration
11 566 (18.51%) BDD
12 520 (17.01%) Amazon AWS
13 506 (16.55%) Test Automation
14 491 (16.06%) Python
15 486 (15.90%) .NET
16 476 (15.57%) C++
17 473 (15.47%) HTML
18 470 (15.37%) Microservices
19 446 (14.59%) DevOps
20 436 (14.26%) Jenkins
21 424 (13.87%) CSS
22 421 (13.77%) Finance
23 375 (12.27%) Web Services
24 368 (12.04%) Docker
25 367 (12.01%) AngularJS
25 367 (12.01%) Degree
26 360 (11.78%) Spring
27 357 (11.68%) Node.js
28 331 (10.83%) NoSQL
29 322 (10.53%) OO

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 143 (4.68%) Confluence
2 116 (3.79%) Apache Spark
3 112 (3.66%) Elasticsearch
4 105 (3.43%) Apache
5 89 (2.91%) Tomcat
6 78 (2.55%) JBoss
7 61 (2.00%) CMS
8 42 (1.37%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 32 (1.05%) Jetty
10 31 (1.01%) nginx
11 28 (0.92%) NServiceBus
11 28 (0.92%) WebSphere
12 24 (0.79%) WebLogic
13 23 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 22 (0.72%) Cloud Foundry
15 20 (0.65%) Jupyter
15 20 (0.65%) OpenStack
16 18 (0.59%) Mule
17 17 (0.56%) IIS
18 16 (0.52%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 41 (1.34%) Simulink
2 24 (0.79%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
4 12 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 9 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.20%) MS Visio
7 4 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.098%) Autodesk Inventor
8 3 (0.098%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.098%) InfoPath
8 3 (0.098%) MicroStation
8 3 (0.098%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.098%) SOLIDWORKS
8 3 (0.098%) Stateflow
9 2 (0.065%) Doxygen
9 2 (0.065%) OmniGraffle
9 2 (0.065%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.065%) SPSS
9 2 (0.065%) TargetLink
9 2 (0.065%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 21 (0.69%) Oracle BPM
2 11 (0.36%) Magento
3 6 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 5 (0.16%) SunGard GMI
5 4 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
6 3 (0.098%) BondVision
6 3 (0.098%) Dynamics AX
6 3 (0.098%) LabWindows
6 3 (0.098%) Markit EDM
6 3 (0.098%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.065%) ENOVIA
7 2 (0.065%) MetaTrader
8 1 (0.033%) Adobe Campaign
8 1 (0.033%) HFM
8 1 (0.033%) Maximo
8 1 (0.033%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.033%) SAP Business One
8 1 (0.033%) Shopify
8 1 (0.033%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 520 (17.01%) Amazon AWS
2 238 (7.79%) Microsoft Azure
3 91 (2.98%) GitHub
4 85 (2.78%) Slack
5 66 (2.16%) Amazon EC2
6 64 (2.09%) AWS Lambda
6 64 (2.09%) Serverless
7 57 (1.86%) Google Cloud Platform
8 43 (1.41%) PaaS
9 41 (1.34%) SaaS
10 40 (1.31%) Amazon S3
11 39 (1.28%) AWS CloudFormation
12 36 (1.18%) Amazon SQS
13 27 (0.88%) npm
14 26 (0.85%) IaaS
15 24 (0.79%) Heroku
16 20 (0.65%) Cloud Computing
17 18 (0.59%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 15 (0.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 15 (0.49%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 113 (3.70%) HTTP
2 104 (3.40%) TCP/IP
3 50 (1.64%) SSL
4 49 (1.60%) Internet
5 40 (1.31%) Wireless
6 33 (1.08%) Bluetooth
7 31 (1.01%) DNS
8 24 (0.79%) Firewall
8 24 (0.79%) SMS
9 22 (0.72%) FTP
10 21 (0.69%) Wi-Fi
11 20 (0.65%) Wireshark
12 17 (0.56%) LTE
12 17 (0.56%) Network Security
13 12 (0.39%) ZigBee
14 11 (0.36%) Ethernet
14 11 (0.36%) GSM
14 11 (0.36%) Link 11
14 11 (0.36%) Link 16
15 10 (0.33%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 331 (10.83%) NoSQL
2 296 (9.68%) MongoDB
3 188 (6.15%) SQL Server
4 184 (6.02%) PostgreSQL
5 176 (5.76%) MySQL
6 161 (5.27%) Big Data
7 154 (5.04%) Relational Database
8 134 (4.38%) Hadoop
9 101 (3.30%) Apache Cassandra
10 72 (2.36%) Redis
11 60 (1.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 55 (1.80%) Apache Hive
13 54 (1.77%) Oracle Database
13 54 (1.77%) RDBMS
14 47 (1.54%) HBase
15 45 (1.47%) GIS
16 43 (1.41%) Data Warehouse
17 31 (1.01%) Oracle Database 10g
17 31 (1.01%) Oracle Database 11g
18 23 (0.75%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 581 (19.01%) Git (software)
2 436 (14.26%) Jenkins
3 263 (8.60%) JIRA
4 210 (6.87%) Cucumber
5 177 (5.79%) Maven
6 168 (5.50%) JUnit
7 133 (4.35%) Selenium
8 117 (3.83%) Subversion
9 113 (3.70%) Visual Studio
10 96 (3.14%) TeamCity
11 95 (3.11%) Gradle
12 91 (2.98%) Jasmine
12 91 (2.98%) Mockito
13 74 (2.42%) SonarQube
14 69 (2.26%) Octopus Deploy
15 66 (2.16%) Team Foundation Server
16 65 (2.13%) gulp
17 62 (2.03%) IntelliJ
18 58 (1.90%) Grunt
19 52 (1.70%) Rational DOORS
General
1 421 (13.77%) Finance
2 202 (6.61%) Banking
3 97 (3.17%) Games
4 87 (2.85%) Electronics
5 79 (2.58%) Retail
5 79 (2.58%) Telecoms
6 68 (2.22%) Front Office
7 61 (2.00%) Automotive
8 59 (1.93%) Marketing
9 52 (1.70%) Investment Banking
10 44 (1.44%) Manufacturing
11 38 (1.24%) Law
12 33 (1.08%) Publishing
13 26 (0.85%) Back Office
14 25 (0.82%) Advertising
15 23 (0.75%) Aerospace
16 21 (0.69%) Military
17 20 (0.65%) Legal
18 18 (0.59%) Retail Banking
19 9 (0.29%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,326 (43.38%) Developer
2 1,007 (32.94%) Software Engineer
3 446 (14.59%) Java Developer
4 235 (7.69%) Java Engineer
5 202 (6.61%) Java Software Engineer
6 161 (5.27%) .NET Developer
7 160 (5.23%) C# Developer
7 160 (5.23%) DevOps Engineer
8 155 (5.07%) Senior Software Engineer
9 153 (5.00%) JavaScript Developer
10 151 (4.94%) Embedded Engineer
11 149 (4.87%) Senior Developer
12 141 (4.61%) Embedded Software Engineer
13 138 (4.51%) Software Developer
14 135 (4.42%) C++ Software Engineer
15 133 (4.35%) Architect
16 132 (4.32%) Agile Developer
17 126 (4.12%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 102 (3.34%) AWS Engineer
19 88 (2.88%) Agile Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 486 (15.90%) .NET
2 473 (15.47%) HTML
3 424 (13.87%) CSS
4 375 (12.27%) Web Services
5 367 (12.01%) AngularJS
6 360 (11.78%) Spring
7 357 (11.68%) Node.js
8 321 (10.50%) REST
9 283 (9.26%) React
9 283 (9.26%) RESTful
10 229 (7.49%) HTML5
11 161 (5.27%) ASP.NET
11 161 (5.27%) XML
12 139 (4.55%) Hibernate
12 139 (4.55%) Spring Boot
13 130 (4.25%) jQuery
14 123 (4.02%) CSS3
15 120 (3.93%) JSON
16 119 (3.89%) .NET Framework
17 118 (3.86%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 223 (7.29%) Computer Science
2 209 (6.84%) User Experience
3 148 (4.84%) Analytical Skills
4 134 (4.38%) Greenfield Project
5 133 (4.35%) Algorithms
6 111 (3.63%) Mobile App
7 88 (2.88%) Enterprise Software
8 66 (2.16%) Data Structures
9 61 (2.00%) Fintech
10 55 (1.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 42 (1.37%) Virtual Team
12 35 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
13 34 (1.11%) Fixed Income
14 33 (1.08%) Derivative
15 30 (0.98%) Embedded Systems
16 27 (0.88%) Online Banking
17 23 (0.75%) Management Information System
18 19 (0.62%) Cloud Native
18 19 (0.62%) Public Cloud
19 17 (0.56%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 598 (19.56%) Linux
2 256 (8.37%) Windows
3 187 (6.12%) Unix
4 116 (3.79%) Android
5 112 (3.66%) Apple iOS
6 91 (2.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 46 (1.50%) Windows Server
8 33 (1.08%) Embedded Linux
9 22 (0.72%) VxWorks
10 19 (0.62%) CentOS
11 17 (0.56%) Ubuntu
12 13 (0.43%) Windows 10
13 12 (0.39%) Windows 7
13 12 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
14 11 (0.36%) Nucleus RTOS
14 11 (0.36%) Windows Server 2008
15 10 (0.33%) Debian
16 7 (0.23%) CoreOS
16 7 (0.23%) VMS
17 6 (0.20%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,581 (51.72%) Agile Software Development
2 873 (28.56%) TDD
3 675 (22.08%) Scrum
4 579 (18.94%) Continuous Integration
5 566 (18.51%) BDD
6 506 (16.55%) Test Automation
7 470 (15.37%) Microservices
8 446 (14.59%) DevOps
9 322 (10.53%) OO
10 296 (9.68%) Kanban
11 287 (9.39%) Open Source
12 286 (9.36%) MVC
13 284 (9.29%) SDLC
14 252 (8.24%) Continuous Delivery
15 225 (7.36%) Unit Testing
16 224 (7.33%) Pair Programming
17 214 (7.00%) Mentoring
18 189 (6.18%) Coaching
19 186 (6.08%) Configuration Management
20 167 (5.46%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,183 (38.70%) Java
2 833 (27.25%) JavaScript
3 616 (20.15%) C#
4 590 (19.30%) SQL
5 491 (16.06%) Python
6 476 (15.57%) C++
7 316 (10.34%) C
8 240 (7.85%) Scala
9 162 (5.30%) Ruby
10 119 (3.89%) Groovy
11 95 (3.11%) Go
12 94 (3.07%) Embedded C
13 84 (2.75%) ES6
14 76 (2.49%) Shell Script
14 76 (2.49%) TypeScript
15 74 (2.42%) Bash Shell
15 74 (2.42%) PHP
16 65 (2.13%) PowerShell
17 62 (2.03%) PL/SQL
18 60 (1.96%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 367 (12.01%) Degree
2 238 (7.79%) Security Cleared
3 149 (4.87%) SC Cleared
4 104 (3.40%) Computer Science Degree
5 58 (1.90%) DV Cleared
6 24 (0.79%) BPSS Clearance
7 20 (0.65%) Numerate Degree
8 19 (0.62%) Master's Degree
9 18 (0.59%) PhD
10 17 (0.56%) ISTQB
11 14 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
12 10 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 5 (0.16%) PMI Certification
14 4 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
14 4 (0.13%) PMP
15 3 (0.098%) CISSP
15 3 (0.098%) CTC Cleared
16 2 (0.065%) BC Cleared
16 2 (0.065%) CEH
16 2 (0.065%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 240 (7.85%) QA
2 30 (0.98%) MISRA
3 20 (0.65%) IEC 62304
4 17 (0.56%) GDPR
5 16 (0.52%) GCP
6 14 (0.46%) Data Quality
7 10 (0.33%) ISO 26262
8 9 (0.29%) DO-178B
8 9 (0.29%) MiFID
8 9 (0.29%) MISRA C
9 5 (0.16%) PSD2
10 4 (0.13%) HL7
10 4 (0.13%) IEC 61508
10 4 (0.13%) ISO 13485
10 4 (0.13%) ISO 9001
10 4 (0.13%) PMO
10 4 (0.13%) SLA
11 3 (0.098%) PCI DSS
11 3 (0.098%) SEPA
11 3 (0.098%) UCITS
System Software
1 368 (12.04%) Docker
2 46 (1.50%) Active Directory
3 23 (0.75%) Firmware
3 23 (0.75%) HDFS
4 21 (0.69%) VMware Infrastructure
5 17 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 15 (0.49%) Virtual Servers
7 7 (0.23%) Apache Flume
8 6 (0.20%) Xen
9 5 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
10 4 (0.13%) Advanced Linux Sound Architecture
10 4 (0.13%) VirtualBox
11 3 (0.098%) KVM
12 2 (0.065%) Hyper-V
12 2 (0.065%) LXC
12 2 (0.065%) Oracle RAC
12 2 (0.065%) vSphere
12 2 (0.065%) XenApp
13 1 (0.033%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 1 (0.033%) Terminal Server
Systems Management
1 187 (6.12%) Ansible
2 178 (5.82%) Puppet
3 121 (3.96%) Opscode Chef
4 116 (3.79%) Terraform
5 113 (3.70%) Kubernetes
6 31 (1.01%) Grafana
7 25 (0.82%) Docker Swarm
8 24 (0.79%) Kibana
8 24 (0.79%) Packer
9 22 (0.72%) Cobbler
10 18 (0.59%) logstash
10 18 (0.59%) Mesos
11 14 (0.46%) Hadoop YARN
12 13 (0.43%) Nagios
13 12 (0.39%) Rancher
14 10 (0.33%) HP Quality Center
14 10 (0.33%) Oozie
15 9 (0.29%) Consul
15 9 (0.29%) Graylog
16 6 (0.20%) Capistrano
Vendors
1 232 (7.59%) Microsoft
2 172 (5.63%) Oracle
3 92 (3.01%) Google
4 63 (2.06%) Red Hat
5 56 (1.83%) Adobe
6 54 (1.77%) Splunk
7 44 (1.44%) New Relic
8 35 (1.14%) Atlassian
9 32 (1.05%) Coverity
9 32 (1.05%) Salesforce.com
10 29 (0.95%) VMware
11 25 (0.82%) Xamarin
12 24 (0.79%) Apple
13 22 (0.72%) IBM
13 22 (0.72%) Tableau
14 20 (0.65%) Sitecore
15 19 (0.62%) Cisco
16 17 (0.56%) AppDynamics
17 16 (0.52%) Talend
18 14 (0.46%) HP