Period
to 14 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 14 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
14 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 52 61 69
Rank change year-on-year +9 +8 +10
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,291 3,741 3,093
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.28% 3.92% 3.26%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.96% 4.51% 3.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,877 2,344 2,050
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £360 £340
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 238 291 244
England median hourly rate £47.50 £44.00 £44.06
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.95% -0.13% +3.66%
10th Percentile £40.00 £32.50 £34.13
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.50 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £46.50 £43.75 £44.00
% change year-on-year +6.29% -0.57% +3.53%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 66,369 82,930 81,814
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.34% 86.92% 86.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 43,994 55,553 54,879
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £644 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £450
% change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,028 2,133 1,948
England median hourly rate £24.00 £22.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.09% -4.35% +2.22%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.50 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.75 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £22.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year +7.95% -4.35% +2.22%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 14 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +15 1,641 £550 +4.76% 962
South East -6 509 £450 -5.26% 516
South West +16 452 £450 - 295
North of England -12 324 £469 +6.59% 397
East of England +13 245 £425 -5.56% 350
North West -10 154 £450 +2.86% 202
Yorkshire -16 126 £475 +7.95% 150
Midlands -6 113 £450 +6.51% 222
West Midlands -17 61 £450 - 133
East Midlands +7 50 £450 +28.39% 89
North East -7 44 £466 +0.81% 45
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 14 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,516 (46.07%) Agile Software Development
2 1,129 (34.31%) Java
3 928 (28.20%) Python
4 811 (24.64%) C++
5 797 (24.22%) JavaScript
6 736 (22.36%) C#
7 728 (22.12%) AWS
8 666 (20.24%) DevOps
9 650 (19.75%) Finance
10 622 (18.90%) Linux
11 599 (18.20%) Microservices
12 542 (16.47%) .NET
13 530 (16.10%) Web Services
14 524 (15.92%) SQL
15 519 (15.77%) C
15 519 (15.77%) TDD
16 500 (15.19%) Docker
17 477 (14.49%) Azure
18 458 (13.92%) Security Cleared
19 422 (12.82%) Node.js
20 412 (12.52%) Scrum
21 405 (12.31%) Git (software)
21 405 (12.31%) React
22 385 (11.70%) Test Automation
23 376 (11.43%) Kubernetes
24 370 (11.24%) AngularJS
25 364 (11.06%) Continuous Integration
26 338 (10.27%) SC Cleared
27 326 (9.91%) Degree
28 307 (9.33%) Jenkins

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 106 (3.22%) Apache Spark
2 96 (2.92%) Elasticsearch
3 77 (2.34%) Confluence
4 68 (2.07%) Apache
5 31 (0.94%) Tomcat
6 30 (0.91%) JBoss
7 26 (0.79%) IIS
8 25 (0.76%) CMS
9 24 (0.73%) SAS
10 23 (0.70%) Jupyter
11 21 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 16 (0.49%) GeoServer
12 16 (0.49%) Jetty
13 15 (0.46%) Cloud Foundry
13 15 (0.46%) nginx
14 12 (0.36%) SharePoint
15 10 (0.30%) Ethereum
16 8 (0.24%) Apache Pig
16 8 (0.24%) Drupal
17 7 (0.21%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 27 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
1 27 (0.82%) Simulink
2 21 (0.64%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (0.30%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.24%) Sketch
4 8 (0.24%) Zeplin
5 6 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
5 6 (0.18%) Inkscape
5 6 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 4 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.12%) Windchill
7 3 (0.091%) InfoPath
8 2 (0.061%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.030%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.030%) PrintSoft PReS
9 1 (0.030%) SPSS
9 1 (0.030%) Stata
Business Applications
1 40 (1.22%) FINCAD Analytics
2 16 (0.49%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 8 (0.24%) Distributed Ledger
3 8 (0.24%) PolarLake
4 7 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 6 (0.18%) Markit EDM
5 6 (0.18%) R3 Corda
6 5 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
6 5 (0.15%) Eikon
7 4 (0.12%) LabWindows
7 4 (0.12%) osCommerce
7 4 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
8 3 (0.091%) CSG Singleview
8 3 (0.091%) Magento
8 3 (0.091%) Oracle BPM
8 3 (0.091%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.061%) Oracle Retail
9 2 (0.061%) Quorum
9 2 (0.061%) SAP ERP
10 1 (0.030%) MultiChain
Cloud Services
1 728 (22.12%) AWS
2 477 (14.49%) Azure
3 243 (7.38%) Serverless
4 187 (5.68%) GCP
5 184 (5.59%) AWS Lambda
6 159 (4.83%) Amazon S3
7 157 (4.77%) GitHub
8 106 (3.22%) Amazon EC2
9 105 (3.19%) Amazon SQS
10 95 (2.89%) AWS CloudFormation
11 70 (2.13%) OpenShift
12 67 (2.04%) Amazon ECS
13 51 (1.55%) Cloud Computing
14 44 (1.34%) AWS Step Functions
15 43 (1.31%) SaaS
16 39 (1.19%) PaaS
17 34 (1.03%) Amazon Kinesis
18 32 (0.97%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 32 (0.97%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
19 28 (0.85%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 106 (3.22%) TCP/IP
2 68 (2.07%) Internet
3 60 (1.82%) Ethernet
4 46 (1.40%) DNS
4 46 (1.40%) HTTP
5 32 (0.97%) Firewall
6 28 (0.85%) Wireless
7 23 (0.70%) Wi-Fi
8 22 (0.67%) Bluetooth
8 22 (0.67%) RS-232
8 22 (0.67%) Wireshark
9 20 (0.61%) RS-485
10 18 (0.55%) SSL
11 16 (0.49%) 5G
11 16 (0.49%) VPN
12 15 (0.46%) VoIP
13 14 (0.43%) FTP
14 11 (0.33%) IPv6
15 10 (0.30%) 4G
16 9 (0.27%) LTE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 250 (7.60%) NoSQL
2 230 (6.99%) SQL Server
3 201 (6.11%) MongoDB
4 175 (5.32%) PostgreSQL
5 168 (5.10%) Relational Database
6 152 (4.62%) Big Data
7 142 (4.31%) Hadoop
8 127 (3.86%) Amazon RDS
9 124 (3.77%) MySQL
10 109 (3.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 103 (3.13%) Amazon Redshift
12 96 (2.92%) Amazon Athena
13 94 (2.86%) RDBMS
14 74 (2.25%) Apache Cassandra
15 70 (2.13%) Data Warehouse
16 68 (2.07%) Amazon Aurora
17 65 (1.98%) Redis
18 44 (1.34%) Neo4j
19 40 (1.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 38 (1.15%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 405 (12.31%) Git (software)
2 307 (9.33%) Jenkins
3 167 (5.07%) JIRA
4 109 (3.31%) Visual Studio
5 99 (3.01%) Cucumber
6 89 (2.70%) Selenium
7 80 (2.43%) Subversion
8 78 (2.37%) Artifactory
9 75 (2.28%) Maven
10 74 (2.25%) Rational Rhapsody
11 67 (2.04%) Eclipse
12 64 (1.94%) RStudio
13 55 (1.67%) GitLab
14 53 (1.61%) Rational DOORS
15 50 (1.52%) NetBeans
16 44 (1.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 44 (1.34%) Bitbucket
17 43 (1.31%) JUnit
18 42 (1.28%) Gradle
19 41 (1.25%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 650 (19.75%) Finance
2 297 (9.02%) Front Office
3 226 (6.87%) Banking
4 85 (2.58%) Investment Banking
5 84 (2.55%) Military
5 84 (2.55%) Public Sector
6 79 (2.40%) Law
7 75 (2.28%) Electronics
8 74 (2.25%) Marketing
9 72 (2.19%) Retail
10 70 (2.13%) Aerospace
11 62 (1.88%) Telecoms
12 61 (1.85%) Manufacturing
13 30 (0.91%) Publishing
14 29 (0.88%) Games
15 26 (0.79%) Advertising
16 25 (0.76%) Legal
17 24 (0.73%) Automotive
18 19 (0.58%) Avionics
19 14 (0.43%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,315 (39.96%) Software Engineer
2 1,186 (36.04%) Developer
3 299 (9.09%) Java Developer
4 261 (7.93%) Embedded Engineer
5 247 (7.51%) Embedded Software Engineer
6 226 (6.87%) Senior Developer
7 209 (6.35%) C++ Software Engineer
8 197 (5.99%) Java Engineer
9 183 (5.56%) Architect
10 182 (5.53%) AWS Engineer
11 175 (5.32%) Senior Software Engineer
12 165 (5.01%) Java Software Engineer
13 162 (4.92%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 154 (4.68%) Software Developer
15 152 (4.62%) AWS Developer
16 131 (3.98%) JavaScript Developer
17 125 (3.80%) Python Developer
18 123 (3.74%) Python Engineer
19 117 (3.56%) AWS Software Engineer
20 114 (3.46%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 542 (16.47%) .NET
2 530 (16.10%) Web Services
3 422 (12.82%) Node.js
4 405 (12.31%) React
5 370 (11.24%) AngularJS
6 233 (7.08%) HTML
7 225 (6.84%) CSS
8 206 (6.26%) Spring
9 204 (6.20%) REST
10 182 (5.53%) J2EE
11 143 (4.35%) RESTful
12 136 (4.13%) Kafka
13 120 (3.65%) .NET Core
14 97 (2.95%) ASP.NET
14 97 (2.95%) Spring Boot
15 93 (2.83%) Vue.js
16 91 (2.77%) HTML5
17 78 (2.37%) XML
18 77 (2.34%) jQuery
18 77 (2.34%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 267 (8.11%) Fixed Income
2 221 (6.72%) Derivative
3 205 (6.23%) Greenfield Project
4 170 (5.17%) Analytical Skills
5 147 (4.47%) User Experience
6 142 (4.31%) Algorithms
7 114 (3.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 90 (2.73%) Equities
9 71 (2.16%) Embedded Systems
10 67 (2.04%) Mobile App
11 61 (1.85%) Data Structures
12 57 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
13 54 (1.64%) Equity Derivative
14 53 (1.61%) Hedge funds
15 49 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
16 48 (1.46%) Blog
16 48 (1.46%) Cloud Native
17 45 (1.37%) Public Cloud
18 43 (1.31%) Virtual Team
19 41 (1.25%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 622 (18.90%) Linux
2 216 (6.56%) Windows
3 149 (4.53%) Unix
4 94 (2.86%) Android
5 62 (1.88%) Embedded Linux
6 47 (1.43%) FreeRTOS
7 45 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 39 (1.19%) Apple iOS
9 37 (1.12%) CentOS
10 35 (1.06%) Windows Server
11 34 (1.03%) ThreadX
12 23 (0.70%) Ubuntu
13 21 (0.64%) Debian
14 10 (0.30%) Mac OS X
14 10 (0.30%) Windows 10
14 10 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
15 9 (0.27%) Mac OS
15 9 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
16 8 (0.24%) Solaris
16 8 (0.24%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,516 (46.07%) Agile Software Development
2 666 (20.24%) DevOps
3 599 (18.20%) Microservices
4 519 (15.77%) TDD
5 412 (12.52%) Scrum
6 385 (11.70%) Test Automation
7 364 (11.06%) Continuous Integration
8 289 (8.78%) Analytics
9 278 (8.45%) Asset Management
10 269 (8.17%) BDD
10 269 (8.17%) OO
11 266 (8.08%) Computer Science
12 246 (7.47%) Problem-Solving
13 203 (6.17%) Mentoring
14 202 (6.14%) UML
15 198 (6.02%) Unit Testing
16 194 (5.89%) SDLC
17 189 (5.74%) Open Source
18 169 (5.14%) MVC
19 167 (5.07%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 1,129 (34.31%) Java
2 928 (28.20%) Python
3 811 (24.64%) C++
4 797 (24.22%) JavaScript
5 736 (22.36%) C#
6 524 (15.92%) SQL
7 519 (15.77%) C
8 159 (4.83%) Embedded C
9 158 (4.80%) R
10 133 (4.04%) TypeScript
11 120 (3.65%) Scala
12 114 (3.46%) Embedded C++
13 109 (3.31%) Go
14 108 (3.28%) Ruby
15 90 (2.73%) Java 8
16 89 (2.70%) Bash Shell
17 82 (2.49%) PowerShell
18 78 (2.37%) Kotlin
18 78 (2.37%) PHP
19 63 (1.91%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 458 (13.92%) Security Cleared
2 338 (10.27%) SC Cleared
3 326 (9.91%) Degree
4 132 (4.01%) DV Cleared
5 92 (2.80%) Computer Science Degree
6 46 (1.40%) PhD
7 30 (0.91%) AWS Certification
8 17 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
9 16 (0.49%) Master's Degree
10 15 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
11 13 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
12 12 (0.36%) ISTQB
13 8 (0.24%) MCP
14 7 (0.21%) SANS
15 6 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
16 5 (0.15%) CCNA
16 5 (0.15%) MCSE
16 5 (0.15%) RHCSA
16 5 (0.15%) SAFe Agilist
17 4 (0.12%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 144 (4.38%) QA
2 30 (0.91%) MISRA
3 12 (0.36%) DO-178B
4 11 (0.33%) IEC 61508
5 9 (0.27%) MISRA C
6 8 (0.24%) GxP
6 8 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 7 (0.21%) Data Quality
7 7 (0.21%) ISO 26262
8 6 (0.18%) JTAG
8 6 (0.18%) PSD2
8 6 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 5 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
9 5 (0.15%) HMG Infosec
9 5 (0.15%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 5 (0.15%) JSP 440
9 5 (0.15%) SLA
10 4 (0.12%) NCSC
10 4 (0.12%) NIST
10 4 (0.12%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 500 (15.19%) Docker
2 33 (1.00%) Active Directory
2 33 (1.00%) Firmware
3 22 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
4 16 (0.49%) VirtualBox
5 15 (0.46%) HDFS
6 14 (0.43%) Hyper-V
6 14 (0.43%) VMware Infrastructure
7 10 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 7 (0.21%) LXC
9 5 (0.15%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.091%) Microsoft App-V
10 3 (0.091%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (0.091%) XenApp
11 2 (0.061%) BusyBox
11 2 (0.061%) DFS Replication
11 2 (0.061%) Oracle RAC
11 2 (0.061%) Virtual Desktop
11 2 (0.061%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.061%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 376 (11.43%) Kubernetes
2 212 (6.44%) Terraform
3 176 (5.35%) Ansible
4 81 (2.46%) Puppet
5 42 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
6 31 (0.94%) Packer
7 28 (0.85%) Docker Swarm
8 24 (0.73%) Kibana
9 20 (0.61%) Grafana
10 19 (0.58%) Mesos
11 16 (0.49%) Marathon
12 15 (0.46%) linkerd
13 13 (0.40%) Prometheus
13 13 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
14 12 (0.36%) Consul
15 11 (0.33%) Oozie
15 11 (0.33%) SCCM
16 10 (0.30%) Cobbler
17 8 (0.24%) SCOM
18 7 (0.21%) WMI
Vendors
1 208 (6.32%) Oracle
2 201 (6.11%) Microsoft
3 177 (5.38%) Google
4 65 (1.98%) Bloomberg
5 45 (1.37%) Reuters
5 45 (1.37%) SAP
6 44 (1.34%) Sybase
7 40 (1.22%) Atlassian
8 37 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
9 31 (0.94%) Apple
10 25 (0.76%) IBM
10 25 (0.76%) MuleSoft
10 25 (0.76%) Red Hat
10 25 (0.76%) Tableau
11 24 (0.73%) Cloudera
12 23 (0.70%) Adobe
12 23 (0.70%) Splunk
12 23 (0.70%) VMware
13 21 (0.64%) Informatica
14 18 (0.55%) New Relic