Period
to 23 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 23 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
23 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 58 61 74
Rank change year-on-year +3 +13 -3
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,405 3,299 2,571
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.09% 3.58% 3.08%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.69% 4.13% 3.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,056 2,050 1,599
England median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% +1.35%
10th Percentile £356 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £638 £626
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 240 276 267
England median hourly rate £45.00 £43.00 £43.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.65% -0.58% +1.76%
10th Percentile £37.73 £31.88 £32.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.50 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £43.00 £43.25
% change year-on-year +4.65% -0.58% +1.76%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,628 79,786 71,287
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.27% 86.61% 85.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 48,355 52,977 47,025
England median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £306 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,884 2,105 1,894
England median hourly rate £24.75 £22.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.51% -12.00% +8.70%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.18 £11.43
90th Percentile £52.44 £50.00 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £24.64 £21.79 £25.00
% change year-on-year +13.08% -12.86% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 23 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 23 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 23 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 1,633 £550 +4.76% 714
South East +6 556 £450 - 483
North of England -4 458 £450 +5.88% 358
South West +7 317 £450 +12.50% 298
East of England +23 234 £410 +1.15% 386
Yorkshire -11 223 £450 +5.88% 148
Midlands +54 195 £425 +6.25% 216
North West -6 177 £450 +2.86% 165
West Midlands +29 138 £420 +5.00% 122
North East +20 59 £450 +5.88% 45
East Midlands +34 53 £495 +25.71% 94
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 23 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,582 (46.46%) Agile Software Development
2 1,141 (33.51%) Java
3 806 (23.67%) JavaScript
4 759 (22.29%) Python
5 709 (20.82%) C++
6 684 (20.09%) DevOps
7 675 (19.82%) Amazon AWS
8 661 (19.41%) C#
9 634 (18.62%) Linux
10 617 (18.12%) Finance
11 584 (17.15%) TDD
12 571 (16.77%) SQL
13 566 (16.62%) .NET
14 552 (16.21%) Docker
15 512 (15.04%) Scrum
16 488 (14.33%) Microservices
17 468 (13.74%) C
18 465 (13.66%) Git (software)
19 432 (12.69%) Continuous Integration
20 431 (12.66%) Web Services
21 428 (12.57%) Microsoft Azure
22 408 (11.98%) Jenkins
23 406 (11.92%) Degree
24 405 (11.89%) Kubernetes
25 404 (11.86%) HTML
26 387 (11.37%) Node.js
27 385 (11.31%) Security Cleared
28 375 (11.01%) Problem-Solving
29 362 (10.63%) AngularJS
30 360 (10.57%) Test Automation

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 164 (4.82%) Apache Spark
2 120 (3.52%) Confluence
3 116 (3.41%) Elasticsearch
4 87 (2.56%) Apache
5 51 (1.50%) Cloud Foundry
6 41 (1.20%) IIS
7 26 (0.76%) JBoss
7 26 (0.76%) SharePoint
8 24 (0.70%) nginx
8 24 (0.70%) Tomcat
9 20 (0.59%) CMS
10 17 (0.50%) WebLogic
11 16 (0.47%) SAS
12 14 (0.41%) WebSphere
13 12 (0.35%) Ethereum
13 12 (0.35%) Jupyter
14 11 (0.32%) Apache Airflow
14 11 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 10 (0.29%) Hyperledger
16 9 (0.26%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 54 (1.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 36 (1.06%) Microsoft Office
3 28 (0.82%) Simulink
4 12 (0.35%) MS Visio
5 11 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.26%) SPSS
6 9 (0.26%) Stata
7 8 (0.23%) InVision
8 7 (0.21%) Adobe XD
9 6 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
9 6 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
10 5 (0.15%) Inkscape
11 4 (0.12%) Sketch
11 4 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
12 3 (0.088%) InfoPath
12 3 (0.088%) Windchill
12 3 (0.088%) Zeplin
13 1 (0.029%) OmniGraffle
13 1 (0.029%) Photoshop
13 1 (0.029%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 16 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.44%) Distributed Ledger
3 13 (0.38%) SAP Hybris
4 11 (0.32%) NetSuite
5 10 (0.29%) R3 Corda
6 6 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
6 6 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
7 5 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
7 5 (0.15%) Oracle EBS R12
8 4 (0.12%) Eikon
8 4 (0.12%) Magento
9 3 (0.088%) Markit EDM
10 2 (0.059%) Decalog
10 2 (0.059%) Dynamics NAV
10 2 (0.059%) Endur
10 2 (0.059%) Primavera
10 2 (0.059%) Remedy ITSM
10 2 (0.059%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.059%) SAP ERP
11 1 (0.029%) Actimize
Cloud Services
1 675 (19.82%) Amazon AWS
2 428 (12.57%) Microsoft Azure
3 236 (6.93%) Serverless
4 184 (5.40%) AWS Lambda
5 158 (4.64%) Amazon S3
6 152 (4.46%) Google Cloud Platform
7 149 (4.38%) Amazon EC2
8 134 (3.94%) Amazon SQS
9 129 (3.79%) AWS CloudFormation
10 93 (2.73%) OpenShift
11 74 (2.17%) GitHub
12 57 (1.67%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
13 53 (1.56%) PaaS
14 46 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
15 36 (1.06%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 35 (1.03%) SaaS
17 33 (0.97%) IaaS
18 29 (0.85%) Azure Functions
19 26 (0.76%) Power Platform
20 23 (0.68%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 90 (2.64%) TCP/IP
2 66 (1.94%) HTTP
3 59 (1.73%) Ethernet
4 42 (1.23%) Internet
5 32 (0.94%) Firewall
6 29 (0.85%) DNS
7 23 (0.68%) SSL
8 22 (0.65%) Wireless
9 21 (0.62%) 5G
10 20 (0.59%) VoIP
11 18 (0.53%) IPv6
12 17 (0.50%) VPN
13 16 (0.47%) FTP
14 14 (0.41%) LTE
15 12 (0.35%) Bluetooth
16 11 (0.32%) SAN
16 11 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
16 11 (0.32%) Wireshark
17 10 (0.29%) Broadband
17 10 (0.29%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 257 (7.55%) SQL Server
2 246 (7.22%) Big Data
3 234 (6.87%) NoSQL
4 170 (4.99%) MongoDB
5 168 (4.93%) PostgreSQL
6 165 (4.85%) Hadoop
7 145 (4.26%) Amazon RDS
8 133 (3.91%) MySQL
9 131 (3.85%) Relational Database
10 109 (3.20%) Amazon Redshift
11 83 (2.44%) Apache Cassandra
12 76 (2.23%) Redis
13 68 (2.00%) Data Warehouse
14 66 (1.94%) RDBMS
15 59 (1.73%) Apache Hive
16 51 (1.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 38 (1.12%) Data Lake
18 36 (1.06%) HBase
19 35 (1.03%) SQL Server 2014
20 31 (0.91%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 465 (13.66%) Git (software)
2 408 (11.98%) Jenkins
3 240 (7.05%) JIRA
4 150 (4.41%) Visual Studio
5 145 (4.26%) Artifactory
6 119 (3.49%) Selenium
7 117 (3.44%) GitLab
8 99 (2.91%) Maven
9 80 (2.35%) Rational DOORS
10 76 (2.23%) Rational Rhapsody
11 73 (2.14%) Subversion
12 68 (2.00%) Bitbucket
13 60 (1.76%) Cucumber
13 60 (1.76%) Visual Studio Team System
14 59 (1.73%) RStudio
14 59 (1.73%) SonarQube
14 59 (1.73%) Team Foundation Server
15 56 (1.64%) Eclipse
15 56 (1.64%) TeamCity
16 47 (1.38%) gulp
General
1 617 (18.12%) Finance
2 200 (5.87%) Banking
3 141 (4.14%) Front Office
4 112 (3.29%) Marketing
5 109 (3.20%) Retail
6 82 (2.41%) Telecoms
7 75 (2.20%) Aerospace
8 74 (2.17%) Electronics
9 65 (1.91%) Law
10 63 (1.85%) Manufacturing
11 49 (1.44%) Military
12 46 (1.35%) Investment Banking
13 44 (1.29%) Automotive
14 31 (0.91%) Legal
15 27 (0.79%) Financial Institution
16 26 (0.76%) Publishing
17 25 (0.73%) Games
18 19 (0.56%) Avionics
19 17 (0.50%) Advertising
20 7 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,294 (38.00%) Developer
2 1,170 (34.36%) Software Engineer
3 296 (8.69%) Java Developer
4 231 (6.78%) Senior Developer
5 210 (6.17%) Embedded Engineer
6 194 (5.70%) Embedded Software Engineer
7 187 (5.49%) Java Engineer
8 178 (5.23%) Architect
9 165 (4.85%) AWS Developer
9 165 (4.85%) Senior Software Engineer
10 161 (4.73%) .NET Developer
11 160 (4.70%) C# Developer
12 148 (4.35%) C++ Software Engineer
13 143 (4.20%) Java Software Engineer
14 140 (4.11%) JavaScript Developer
15 133 (3.91%) AWS Engineer
16 131 (3.85%) DevOps Engineer
17 130 (3.82%) Software Developer
18 125 (3.67%) Python Developer
19 124 (3.64%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 566 (16.62%) .NET
2 431 (12.66%) Web Services
3 404 (11.86%) HTML
4 387 (11.37%) Node.js
5 362 (10.63%) AngularJS
6 349 (10.25%) CSS
7 324 (9.52%) React
8 277 (8.14%) REST
9 274 (8.05%) Spring
10 230 (6.75%) Kafka
11 203 (5.96%) RESTful
12 163 (4.79%) HTML5
13 150 (4.41%) ASP.NET
14 144 (4.23%) JSON
15 143 (4.20%) Spring Boot
16 138 (4.05%) J2EE
17 134 (3.94%) XML
18 109 (3.20%) .NET Framework
19 100 (2.94%) Redux
20 90 (2.64%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 224 (6.58%) Analytical Skills
2 191 (5.61%) User Experience
3 158 (4.64%) Algorithms
4 157 (4.61%) Fintech
5 154 (4.52%) Greenfield Project
6 98 (2.88%) Fixed Income
7 74 (2.17%) Embedded Systems
8 73 (2.14%) Data Structures
9 71 (2.09%) Virtual Team
10 68 (2.00%) Self-Motivation
11 57 (1.67%) Cloud Native
12 53 (1.56%) Derivative
13 51 (1.50%) Mobile App
14 50 (1.47%) Public Cloud
15 45 (1.32%) Hedge funds
16 40 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
17 39 (1.15%) Linux Command Line
18 34 (1.00%) Client/Server
19 33 (0.97%) Data Centre
19 33 (0.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 634 (18.62%) Linux
2 265 (7.78%) Windows
3 153 (4.49%) Android
4 127 (3.73%) Unix
5 62 (1.82%) Apple iOS
6 48 (1.41%) Embedded Linux
7 47 (1.38%) Windows Server
8 26 (0.76%) CentOS
8 26 (0.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 18 (0.53%) Ubuntu
10 17 (0.50%) Mac OS
11 12 (0.35%) FreeRTOS
12 11 (0.32%) Solaris
13 10 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
14 9 (0.26%) Windows 10
15 7 (0.21%) Fedora
16 6 (0.18%) Windows Embedded Compact
17 4 (0.12%) Kali Linux
17 4 (0.12%) Mac OS X
17 4 (0.12%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,582 (46.46%) Agile Software Development
2 684 (20.09%) DevOps
3 584 (17.15%) TDD
4 512 (15.04%) Scrum
5 488 (14.33%) Microservices
6 432 (12.69%) Continuous Integration
7 375 (11.01%) Problem-Solving
8 360 (10.57%) Test Automation
9 343 (10.07%) BDD
10 331 (9.72%) Computer Science
11 297 (8.72%) OO
12 230 (6.75%) SDLC
13 229 (6.73%) Unit Testing
14 221 (6.49%) Mathematics
15 204 (5.99%) UML
16 196 (5.76%) Kanban
17 191 (5.61%) Front End Development
18 189 (5.55%) Continuous Delivery
19 185 (5.43%) Open Source
20 181 (5.32%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 1,141 (33.51%) Java
2 806 (23.67%) JavaScript
3 759 (22.29%) Python
4 709 (20.82%) C++
5 661 (19.41%) C#
6 571 (16.77%) SQL
7 468 (13.74%) C
8 134 (3.94%) TypeScript
9 130 (3.82%) Scala
10 125 (3.67%) Ruby
11 116 (3.41%) PowerShell
12 114 (3.35%) Java 8
13 107 (3.14%) Embedded C
14 104 (3.05%) Go
15 101 (2.97%) Bash Shell
16 92 (2.70%) PHP
17 86 (2.53%) ES6
18 80 (2.35%) Embedded C++
19 60 (1.76%) MATLAB
20 55 (1.62%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 406 (11.92%) Degree
2 385 (11.31%) Security Cleared
3 325 (9.54%) SC Cleared
4 107 (3.14%) Computer Science Degree
5 46 (1.35%) PhD
6 37 (1.09%) AWS Certification
7 36 (1.06%) BPSS Clearance
8 32 (0.94%) DV Cleared
8 32 (0.94%) Master's Degree
9 28 (0.82%) Microsoft Certification
10 20 (0.59%) Cisco Certification
11 19 (0.56%) CCNA
11 19 (0.56%) MCSA
11 19 (0.56%) MCSE
12 18 (0.53%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 15 (0.44%) Oracle Certification
14 11 (0.32%) MCP
15 10 (0.29%) DBS Check
16 9 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
16 9 (0.26%) OCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 213 (6.26%) QA
2 30 (0.88%) MISRA
3 24 (0.70%) MISRA C
4 21 (0.62%) DO-178B
5 16 (0.47%) PCI DSS
6 15 (0.44%) Data Quality
7 13 (0.38%) JSP 440
8 12 (0.35%) SLA
9 11 (0.32%) HMG Infosec
9 11 (0.32%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 9 (0.26%) IEC 61508
11 8 (0.23%) GDPR
11 8 (0.23%) WCAG
12 6 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
12 6 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 4 (0.12%) Solvency II
14 3 (0.088%) DO-254
14 3 (0.088%) IEC 62304
15 2 (0.059%) ISO 26262
15 2 (0.059%) PMO
System Software
1 552 (16.21%) Docker
2 46 (1.35%) Active Directory
3 35 (1.03%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (0.82%) Firmware
5 16 (0.47%) Apache Flume
6 14 (0.41%) HDFS
6 14 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (0.29%) LXC
8 8 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 7 (0.21%) Hyper-V
9 7 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
10 6 (0.18%) vSphere
10 6 (0.18%) XenApp
11 3 (0.088%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.059%) KVM
12 2 (0.059%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 1 (0.029%) ISA Server
13 1 (0.029%) VMware Server
13 1 (0.029%) VMware Workstation
13 1 (0.029%) Xen
Systems Management
1 405 (11.89%) Kubernetes
2 270 (7.93%) Terraform
3 230 (6.75%) Ansible
4 123 (3.61%) Puppet
5 104 (3.05%) Opscode Chef
6 24 (0.70%) PowerCLI
7 21 (0.62%) Grafana
8 19 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
8 19 (0.56%) vCenter Server
9 17 (0.50%) Consul
9 17 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
10 16 (0.47%) Mesos
10 16 (0.47%) Packer
11 15 (0.44%) Prometheus
12 14 (0.41%) Rancher
13 12 (0.35%) SCOM
14 11 (0.32%) Nagios
14 11 (0.32%) SCOrch
15 10 (0.29%) Kibana
15 10 (0.29%) Nessus
Vendors
1 292 (8.58%) Microsoft
2 199 (5.84%) Oracle
3 130 (3.82%) Google
4 71 (2.09%) Atlassian
5 52 (1.53%) VMware
6 43 (1.26%) SAP
7 42 (1.23%) Salesforce.com
8 40 (1.17%) IBM
9 34 (1.00%) Red Hat
9 34 (1.00%) Tableau
10 33 (0.97%) Citrix
10 33 (0.97%) MuleSoft
11 29 (0.85%) Cisco
12 26 (0.76%) EMC
13 25 (0.73%) Hortonworks
13 25 (0.73%) hybris
14 24 (0.70%) NetApp
15 22 (0.65%) Cloudera
15 22 (0.65%) TOWER Software
16 21 (0.62%) Adobe