Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 34 38 54
Rank change year-on-year +4 +16 +8
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,926 1,478 3,329
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.83% 5.51% 4.32%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.52% 6.30% 4.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,842 1,099 1,916
10th Percentile £401 £375 £360
25th Percentile £463 £441 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £500
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £650 £650 £600
90th Percentile £713 £763 £675
UK median daily rate £538 £550 £500
% change year-on-year -2.27% +10.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 117 58 233
10th Percentile £38.75 £32.06 £40.25
25th Percentile £44.69 £41.25 £42.00
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +8.57%
75th Percentile £57.50 £48.61 £51.25
90th Percentile £62.62 £53.25 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +8.57%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 60,212 23,463 67,527
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.36% 87.46% 87.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 42,312 16,157 45,749
10th Percentile £319 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £381 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +9.47% - +1.60%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £510 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +7.37% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,483 661 1,901
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.00 £11.36
25th Percentile £14.48 £15.50 £14.38
Median hourly rate £24.36 £25.33 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -3.83% +12.58% +12.50%
75th Percentile £49.38 £45.00 £46.00
90th Percentile £63.00 £55.00 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +15.38%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 2,316 £575 - 1,164
North of England +18 376 £450 -2.70% 459
South West +33 272 £500 +11.11% 261
South East -3 269 £500 +10.46% 398
North West +11 237 £405 -10.00% 253
East of England +11 225 £500 +17.99% 246
Midlands +13 195 £490 +22.50% 281
West Midlands +20 158 £495 +23.36% 179
Yorkshire +13 125 £498 +7.57% 160
East Midlands -20 32 £450 +12.50% 101
North East +8 24 £525 +10.53% 46
South Coast - 1 £600 -
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 2,068 (52.67%) Agile Software Development
2 1,368 (34.84%) AWS
3 1,315 (33.49%) Java
4 1,181 (30.08%) JavaScript
5 970 (24.71%) Python
6 906 (23.08%) Azure
7 905 (23.05%) Finance
8 878 (22.36%) React
9 824 (20.99%) Docker
10 811 (20.66%) DevOps
11 783 (19.94%) Kubernetes
12 775 (19.74%) SQL
13 765 (19.49%) Full Stack Development
14 732 (18.64%) C#
15 728 (18.54%) Microservices
16 708 (18.03%) Node.js
17 665 (16.94%) TDD
18 659 (16.79%) .NET
19 633 (16.12%) Social Skills
20 616 (15.69%) Scrum
21 589 (15.00%) Git (software)
21 589 (15.00%) Serverless
22 571 (14.54%) Web Services
23 566 (14.42%) TypeScript
24 505 (12.86%) Test Automation
25 481 (12.25%) Terraform
26 476 (12.12%) C++
27 475 (12.10%) Security Cleared
28 465 (11.84%) Front Office
29 463 (11.79%) Jenkins

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 181 (4.61%) Confluence
2 101 (2.57%) Apache
3 78 (1.99%) SAS
4 70 (1.78%) Apache Spark
5 57 (1.45%) Elasticsearch
6 51 (1.30%) Apache Airflow
7 41 (1.04%) BizTalk Server
8 36 (0.92%) Tomcat
9 30 (0.76%) WebLogic
10 27 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
10 27 (0.69%) SharePoint
11 25 (0.64%) WebSphere
12 21 (0.53%) CMS
13 16 (0.41%) CICS
13 16 (0.41%) DataSynapse
13 16 (0.41%) nginx
14 14 (0.36%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 14 (0.36%) IIS
14 14 (0.36%) WordPress
15 10 (0.25%) JBoss
Applications
1 30 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (0.61%) Simulink
3 20 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
4 9 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
5 6 (0.15%) FrameMaker
6 5 (0.13%) Photoshop
7 4 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 3 (0.076%) Doxygen
9 2 (0.051%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.051%) Figma
9 2 (0.051%) Sketch
9 2 (0.051%) Stateflow
10 1 (0.025%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.025%) InVision
10 1 (0.025%) Mathcad
10 1 (0.025%) PlantUML
10 1 (0.025%) Zemax
Business Applications
1 5 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
1 5 (0.13%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
2 4 (0.10%) SunGard Martini
3 2 (0.051%) Magento
3 2 (0.051%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
3 2 (0.051%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 2 (0.051%) Shopify
3 2 (0.051%) Teamcenter
4 1 (0.025%) Cloudability
4 1 (0.025%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.025%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.025%) Eikon
4 1 (0.025%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.025%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.025%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.025%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.025%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.025%) Summit
4 1 (0.025%) SunGard GMI
Cloud Services
1 1,368 (34.84%) AWS
2 906 (23.08%) Azure
3 589 (15.00%) Serverless
4 409 (10.42%) AWS Lambda
5 405 (10.32%) GCP
6 311 (7.92%) Amazon S3
7 246 (6.27%) Amazon SQS
8 195 (4.97%) AWS Step Functions
9 100 (2.55%) Amazon EC2
10 91 (2.32%) GitHub
11 87 (2.22%) Azure Functions
12 80 (2.04%) IaaS
13 79 (2.01%) Power Platform
13 79 (2.01%) SaaS
14 75 (1.91%) AWS CloudFormation
15 65 (1.66%) PaaS
16 63 (1.60%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 42 (1.07%) Azure Storage
17 42 (1.07%) npm
18 38 (0.97%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 68 (1.73%) HTTP
2 31 (0.79%) TCP/IP
3 30 (0.76%) Network Security
4 27 (0.69%) Firewall
5 25 (0.64%) Ethernet
6 21 (0.53%) Wi-Fi
7 18 (0.46%) HTTPS
7 18 (0.46%) MQTT
7 18 (0.46%) Wireless
8 16 (0.41%) IPv4
8 16 (0.41%) Kerberos
9 14 (0.36%) AMQP
9 14 (0.36%) Internet
10 13 (0.33%) IPv6
11 12 (0.31%) Bluetooth
11 12 (0.31%) WAN
12 10 (0.25%) DNS
13 9 (0.23%) Modbus
13 9 (0.23%) Multicast
13 9 (0.23%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 327 (8.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 231 (5.88%) Amazon RDS
3 218 (5.55%) NoSQL
4 194 (4.94%) SQL Server
5 193 (4.92%) MongoDB
5 193 (4.92%) PostgreSQL
6 174 (4.43%) MySQL
7 133 (3.39%) Big Data
8 120 (3.06%) Relational Database
9 82 (2.09%) Hadoop
10 66 (1.68%) Apache Hive
10 66 (1.68%) Azure SQL Database
11 63 (1.60%) Power BI
12 62 (1.58%) Redis
13 60 (1.53%) Oracle Database
14 47 (1.20%) Data Warehouse
15 44 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
15 44 (1.12%) Pentaho
16 39 (0.99%) Amazon Athena
17 37 (0.94%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 589 (15.00%) Git (software)
2 463 (11.79%) Jenkins
3 301 (7.67%) JIRA
4 188 (4.79%) GitLab
5 143 (3.64%) Maven
6 103 (2.62%) JUnit
7 102 (2.60%) Bitbucket
8 89 (2.27%) Cucumber
8 89 (2.27%) Visual Studio
9 69 (1.76%) Gradle
10 64 (1.63%) Selenium
11 62 (1.58%) Subversion
12 56 (1.43%) Mockito
12 56 (1.43%) TeamCity
13 54 (1.38%) Artifactory
14 53 (1.35%) Rational DOORS
15 51 (1.30%) Sonatype Nexus
16 48 (1.22%) Cypress.io
17 47 (1.20%) Rational Rhapsody
18 44 (1.12%) webpack
General
1 905 (23.05%) Finance
2 633 (16.12%) Social Skills
3 465 (11.84%) Front Office
4 263 (6.70%) Banking
5 222 (5.65%) Public Sector
6 176 (4.48%) Analytical Skills
7 101 (2.57%) Marketing
8 100 (2.55%) Investment Banking
9 79 (2.01%) Retail
10 73 (1.86%) Law
11 71 (1.81%) Manufacturing
12 68 (1.73%) Electronics
13 67 (1.71%) Presentation Skills
14 62 (1.58%) Telecoms
15 51 (1.30%) Games
16 46 (1.17%) Influencing Skills
17 42 (1.07%) Aerospace
18 29 (0.74%) Automotive
19 27 (0.69%) Military
20 26 (0.66%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,697 (43.22%) Developer
2 1,440 (36.68%) Software Engineer
3 326 (8.30%) Java Developer
4 319 (8.13%) React Developer
5 298 (7.59%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 258 (6.57%) Java Engineer
7 230 (5.86%) Python Developer
8 216 (5.50%) Senior Software Engineer
9 214 (5.45%) Python Engineer
9 214 (5.45%) Senior Developer
10 203 (5.17%) C# Developer
11 199 (5.07%) AWS Engineer
12 190 (4.84%) Java Software Engineer
13 180 (4.58%) Full Stack Developer
14 176 (4.48%) .NET Developer
15 163 (4.15%) AWS Developer
16 157 (4.00%) Software Developer
17 150 (3.82%) AWS Software Engineer
18 146 (3.72%) Python Software Engineer
19 140 (3.57%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 878 (22.36%) React
2 708 (18.03%) Node.js
3 659 (16.79%) .NET
4 571 (14.54%) Web Services
5 406 (10.34%) AngularJS
6 361 (9.20%) Spring
7 342 (8.71%) REST
8 282 (7.18%) HTML
9 276 (7.03%) Kafka
10 271 (6.90%) CSS
11 260 (6.62%) Material-UI
12 252 (6.42%) Spring Boot
13 245 (6.24%) .NET Core
14 206 (5.25%) RESTful
15 201 (5.12%) Vue.js
16 160 (4.08%) GraphQL
17 112 (2.85%) HTML5
18 104 (2.65%) XML
19 100 (2.55%) JSON
20 97 (2.47%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 237 (6.04%) User Experience
2 175 (4.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 160 (4.08%) Derivative
4 157 (4.00%) Equities
5 142 (3.62%) Fixed Income
6 135 (3.44%) Cloud Native
7 127 (3.23%) Algorithms
8 110 (2.80%) Greenfield Project
9 99 (2.52%) Hedge funds
10 88 (2.24%) Data Structures
11 68 (1.73%) Mobile App
11 68 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
12 61 (1.55%) Data Protection Act
13 53 (1.35%) Management Information System
14 48 (1.22%) Legacy Systems
15 43 (1.10%) Enterprise Software
16 41 (1.04%) Public Cloud
17 35 (0.89%) Embedded Systems
18 32 (0.82%) Credit Risk
19 29 (0.74%) Credit Derivative
Operating Systems
1 462 (11.77%) Linux
2 251 (6.39%) Windows
3 171 (4.36%) Unix
4 73 (1.86%) Android
5 66 (1.68%) Apple iOS
6 22 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 17 (0.43%) AIX
7 17 (0.43%) Windows XP
8 16 (0.41%) Embedded Linux
9 14 (0.36%) zOS
10 13 (0.33%) Windows 10
10 13 (0.33%) Windows Server
11 12 (0.31%) Ubuntu
12 9 (0.23%) Mac OS X
12 9 (0.23%) OpenWrt
12 9 (0.23%) Windows Server 2016
13 7 (0.18%) FreeRTOS
14 6 (0.15%) CentOS
14 6 (0.15%) Mac OS
15 5 (0.13%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,068 (52.67%) Agile Software Development
2 811 (20.66%) DevOps
3 765 (19.49%) Full Stack Development
4 728 (18.54%) Microservices
5 665 (16.94%) TDD
6 616 (15.69%) Scrum
7 505 (12.86%) Test Automation
8 451 (11.49%) Asset Management
9 385 (9.81%) Continuous Integration
10 343 (8.74%) Investment Management
11 336 (8.56%) Problem-Solving
12 321 (8.18%) Analytics
13 302 (7.69%) Software Testing
14 293 (7.46%) SDLC
15 279 (7.11%) OO
16 246 (6.27%) Mentoring
17 239 (6.09%) BDD
18 237 (6.04%) Unit Testing
19 218 (5.55%) Computer Science
20 193 (4.92%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 1,315 (33.49%) Java
2 1,181 (30.08%) JavaScript
3 970 (24.71%) Python
4 775 (19.74%) SQL
5 732 (18.64%) C#
6 566 (14.42%) TypeScript
7 476 (12.12%) C++
8 224 (5.71%) Go
9 223 (5.68%) C
10 221 (5.63%) Kotlin
11 200 (5.09%) Scala
12 129 (3.29%) PL/SQL
13 122 (3.11%) Java 8
14 108 (2.75%) PHP
15 98 (2.50%) Shell Script
16 89 (2.27%) Bash Shell
17 74 (1.88%) Perl
18 69 (1.76%) Ruby
19 64 (1.63%) Java 11
20 52 (1.32%) R
Qualifications
1 475 (12.10%) Security Cleared
2 414 (10.55%) SC Cleared
3 333 (8.48%) Degree
4 71 (1.81%) Computer Science Degree
5 53 (1.35%) BPSS Clearance
6 52 (1.32%) DV Cleared
7 30 (0.76%) PhD
8 18 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
8 18 (0.46%) Sun Certification
9 17 (0.43%) Master's Degree
10 14 (0.36%) AWS Certification
11 13 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
12 12 (0.31%) DBS Check
12 12 (0.31%) OCPJP
13 10 (0.25%) CISSP
14 9 (0.23%) ISTQB
15 7 (0.18%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 7 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 7 (0.18%) SANS
16 5 (0.13%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 170 (4.33%) QA
2 74 (1.88%) Accessibility
3 19 (0.48%) Data Quality
4 18 (0.46%) DO-178B
5 14 (0.36%) GDPR
6 12 (0.31%) IEC 61508
7 11 (0.28%) MISRA
8 9 (0.23%) MISRA C
8 9 (0.23%) WCAG
9 8 (0.20%) SLA
10 7 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
10 7 (0.18%) NIST
11 6 (0.15%) Def Stans
11 6 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 6 (0.15%) JTAG
11 6 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 5 (0.13%) MiFID
12 5 (0.13%) PMO
13 4 (0.10%) NCSC
14 3 (0.076%) FedRAMP
System Software
1 824 (20.99%) Docker
2 54 (1.38%) Active Directory
3 38 (0.97%) HDFS
4 24 (0.61%) Firmware
5 21 (0.53%) VMware Infrastructure
6 18 (0.46%) NFS
7 14 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
8 13 (0.33%) Job Entry Subsystem
8 13 (0.33%) RACF
9 7 (0.18%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 5 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.13%) iptables
11 4 (0.10%) KVM
11 4 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
11 4 (0.10%) Xen
12 3 (0.076%) Hyper-V
12 3 (0.076%) Varnish
12 3 (0.076%) VirtualBox
12 3 (0.076%) vSphere
13 2 (0.051%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 783 (19.94%) Kubernetes
2 481 (12.25%) Terraform
3 158 (4.02%) Ansible
4 81 (2.06%) Grafana
5 76 (1.94%) Prometheus
6 59 (1.50%) Puppet
7 21 (0.53%) Kibana
8 19 (0.48%) Rancher
9 17 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
10 16 (0.41%) Graphite
10 16 (0.41%) Opscode Chef
11 14 (0.36%) MIIS
11 14 (0.36%) Packer
12 13 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
13 12 (0.31%) Tivoli NetView
14 10 (0.25%) Consul
14 10 (0.25%) Oozie
15 9 (0.23%) Istio
15 9 (0.23%) Tivoli
16 8 (0.20%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 268 (6.83%) Oracle
2 184 (4.69%) Microsoft
3 107 (2.73%) Google
4 54 (1.38%) Splunk
5 47 (1.20%) Informatica
5 47 (1.20%) Talend
6 45 (1.15%) IBM
6 45 (1.15%) MuleSoft
7 42 (1.07%) SAP
8 41 (1.04%) Atlassian
9 37 (0.94%) Databricks
9 37 (0.94%) New Relic
10 34 (0.87%) Salesforce.com
11 31 (0.79%) Cloudera
12 28 (0.71%) CA Agile Central
13 27 (0.69%) Adobe
14 25 (0.64%) Red Hat
15 23 (0.59%) VMware
16 20 (0.51%) webMethods
17 19 (0.48%) CA