Period
to 6 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 6 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
6 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 48 61 66
Rank change year-on-year +13 +5 +5
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 2,459 3,456 3,297
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.42% 3.90% 3.53%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.19% 4.46% 4.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,574 2,168 2,151
Median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £375 £356 £350
90th Percentile £713 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £488
% change year-on-year +5.00% +2.56% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 171 266 274
Median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £37.16 £35.75 £31.63
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 47,336 77,539 81,010
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.15% 87.48% 86.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,532 51,932 53,976
Median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +5.11%
10th Percentile £294 £305 £300
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,640 1,900 2,044
Median hourly rate £25.00 £24.91 £23.44
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.36% +6.28% -6.25%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.99 £11.50
90th Percentile £52.73 £51.25 £50.00
Median hourly rate £25.50 £24.96 £22.50
% change year-on-year +2.16% +10.93% -10.00%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 6 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 6 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 6 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +20 1,308 £550 - 744
South West +24 344 £495 +10.00% 188
South East -5 289 £450 - 341
North of England -9 255 £475 +5.56% 259
East of England +7 160 £400 - 208
North West -17 110 £475 +5.56% 135
Yorkshire -8 106 £475 +5.56% 87
Midlands -2 92 £450 +5.88% 188
West Midlands -2 60 £450 +5.88% 112
North East -10 37 £430 -9.47% 37
East Midlands +11 32 £450 +6.51% 76
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 6 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,252 (50.92%) Agile Software Development
2 957 (38.92%) Java
3 718 (29.20%) Python
4 710 (28.87%) AWS
5 612 (24.89%) DevOps
6 611 (24.85%) JavaScript
7 542 (22.04%) Finance
8 536 (21.80%) Azure
9 489 (19.89%) Web Services
10 465 (18.91%) C#
11 400 (16.27%) SQL
12 395 (16.06%) TDD
13 390 (15.86%) C++
14 381 (15.49%) Scrum
15 375 (15.25%) Docker
16 372 (15.13%) Microservices
17 362 (14.72%) Git (software)
18 361 (14.68%) Linux
19 360 (14.64%) .NET
20 344 (13.99%) Kubernetes
21 335 (13.62%) Security Cleared
22 324 (13.18%) React
23 322 (13.09%) Jenkins
24 300 (12.20%) AngularJS
25 296 (12.04%) Node.js
26 294 (11.96%) Front Office
27 293 (11.92%) GCP
28 273 (11.10%) Test Automation
29 261 (10.61%) C
30 255 (10.37%) Asset Management

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 76 (3.09%) Confluence
2 74 (3.01%) Apache Spark
3 54 (2.20%) Apache
3 54 (2.20%) Elasticsearch
4 33 (1.34%) Tomcat
5 28 (1.14%) CMS
6 27 (1.10%) SAS
7 21 (0.85%) WebLogic
8 18 (0.73%) Camunda
9 14 (0.57%) OpenStack
10 12 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
10 12 (0.49%) nginx
11 11 (0.45%) SharePoint
12 10 (0.41%) IIS
12 10 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 9 (0.37%) Mule
14 8 (0.33%) Mendix
15 7 (0.28%) Apache Airflow
15 7 (0.28%) Jetty
16 6 (0.24%) Ethereum
Applications
1 19 (0.77%) Simulink
2 16 (0.65%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (0.24%) Sketch
5 3 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.081%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.081%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.041%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.041%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.041%) Blender
7 1 (0.041%) Inkscape
7 1 (0.041%) InVision
7 1 (0.041%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.041%) MODO
7 1 (0.041%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.041%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.041%) PlantUML
7 1 (0.041%) SOLIDWORKS
7 1 (0.041%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 38 (1.55%) FINCAD Analytics
2 13 (0.53%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 6 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
4 4 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.16%) osCommerce
5 3 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.12%) R3 Corda
6 2 (0.081%) LabWindows
6 2 (0.081%) Magento
6 2 (0.081%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.081%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.081%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.041%) Misys Equation
7 1 (0.041%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.041%) SAP HR
7 1 (0.041%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 710 (28.87%) AWS
2 536 (21.80%) Azure
3 293 (11.92%) GCP
4 164 (6.67%) Serverless
5 134 (5.45%) AWS Lambda
6 113 (4.60%) Amazon S3
7 105 (4.27%) Amazon EC2
8 101 (4.11%) Amazon SQS
9 100 (4.07%) OpenShift
10 88 (3.58%) Amazon ECS
11 80 (3.25%) AWS CloudFormation
12 74 (3.01%) GitHub
13 53 (2.16%) PaaS
14 48 (1.95%) Cloud Computing
15 42 (1.71%) AWS Step Functions
16 36 (1.46%) SaaS
17 29 (1.18%) IaaS
18 28 (1.14%) Power Platform
19 17 (0.69%) Amazon Kinesis
20 16 (0.65%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 84 (3.42%) TCP/IP
2 51 (2.07%) HTTP
3 39 (1.59%) Ethernet
4 36 (1.46%) Internet
5 30 (1.22%) Firewall
6 27 (1.10%) DNS
7 25 (1.02%) SSL
8 22 (0.89%) Wireless
9 17 (0.69%) DHCP
9 17 (0.69%) HTTPS
10 15 (0.61%) RS-232
10 15 (0.61%) RS-485
10 15 (0.61%) Wi-Fi
11 12 (0.49%) Bluetooth
11 12 (0.49%) SNMP
12 11 (0.45%) VPN
13 10 (0.41%) Kerberos
14 9 (0.37%) FTP
15 8 (0.33%) LAN
15 8 (0.33%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 184 (7.48%) SQL Server
2 168 (6.83%) NoSQL
3 147 (5.98%) MongoDB
4 138 (5.61%) Relational Database
5 123 (5.00%) Big Data
6 121 (4.92%) Amazon RDS
7 101 (4.11%) MySQL
8 98 (3.99%) Amazon Redshift
9 96 (3.90%) PostgreSQL
10 86 (3.50%) Redis
11 77 (3.13%) RDBMS
12 73 (2.97%) Hadoop
13 72 (2.93%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 68 (2.77%) Apache Cassandra
15 63 (2.56%) Amazon Athena
15 63 (2.56%) HBase
16 48 (1.95%) Data Warehouse
17 47 (1.91%) Amazon Aurora
18 44 (1.79%) Apache Hive
19 41 (1.67%) DB2
Development Applications
1 362 (14.72%) Git (software)
2 322 (13.09%) Jenkins
3 186 (7.56%) JIRA
4 125 (5.08%) Maven
5 77 (3.13%) Artifactory
6 76 (3.09%) RStudio
7 74 (3.01%) GitLab
8 68 (2.77%) Visual Studio
9 53 (2.16%) Eclipse
10 52 (2.11%) Selenium
11 51 (2.07%) Gradle
12 47 (1.91%) Cucumber
12 47 (1.91%) Rational Rhapsody
13 46 (1.87%) Subversion
14 45 (1.83%) NetBeans
15 40 (1.63%) TeamCity
16 39 (1.59%) Bitbucket
17 36 (1.46%) Octopus Deploy
18 34 (1.38%) Visual Studio Team System
19 32 (1.30%) JUnit
General
1 542 (22.04%) Finance
2 294 (11.96%) Front Office
3 203 (8.26%) Banking
4 92 (3.74%) Investment Banking
5 78 (3.17%) Public Sector
6 57 (2.32%) Military
7 55 (2.24%) Law
8 51 (2.07%) Aerospace
9 37 (1.50%) Electronics
10 34 (1.38%) Telecoms
11 30 (1.22%) Retail
12 28 (1.14%) Marketing
13 27 (1.10%) Manufacturing
14 19 (0.77%) Publishing
15 18 (0.73%) Automotive
16 16 (0.65%) Games
17 10 (0.41%) Avionics
17 10 (0.41%) Back Office
18 9 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
19 8 (0.33%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 917 (37.29%) Software Engineer
2 874 (35.54%) Developer
3 267 (10.86%) Java Developer
4 166 (6.75%) Java Engineer
5 160 (6.51%) AWS Developer
6 143 (5.82%) AWS Engineer
7 129 (5.25%) Senior Developer
8 123 (5.00%) Embedded Engineer
9 119 (4.84%) Python Developer
10 118 (4.80%) DevOps Engineer
10 118 (4.80%) Embedded Software Engineer
11 115 (4.68%) Python Engineer
12 113 (4.60%) Senior Software Engineer
13 111 (4.51%) Software Developer
14 110 (4.47%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 105 (4.27%) Java Software Engineer
16 101 (4.11%) Architect
17 94 (3.82%) .NET Developer
17 94 (3.82%) C++ Software Engineer
18 82 (3.33%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 489 (19.89%) Web Services
2 360 (14.64%) .NET
3 324 (13.18%) React
4 300 (12.20%) AngularJS
5 296 (12.04%) Node.js
6 214 (8.70%) HTML
7 209 (8.50%) Spring
8 206 (8.38%) CSS
9 155 (6.30%) J2EE
10 151 (6.14%) REST
11 149 (6.06%) RESTful
12 135 (5.49%) Kafka
13 122 (4.96%) Spring Boot
14 99 (4.03%) Vue.js
15 96 (3.90%) ASP.NET
16 86 (3.50%) .NET Core
17 66 (2.68%) HTML5
17 66 (2.68%) J2SE
18 59 (2.40%) Redux
19 56 (2.28%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 248 (10.09%) Fixed Income
2 207 (8.42%) Derivative
3 152 (6.18%) Analytical Skills
4 151 (6.14%) Equities
5 142 (5.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 139 (5.65%) Hedge funds
7 129 (5.25%) User Experience
8 124 (5.04%) Greenfield Project
9 62 (2.52%) Algorithms
10 60 (2.44%) Public Cloud
11 54 (2.20%) Blog
12 48 (1.95%) Mobile App
13 41 (1.67%) Equity Derivative
14 39 (1.59%) Embedded Systems
15 36 (1.46%) Enterprise Software
16 34 (1.38%) Self-Motivation
17 29 (1.18%) Data Structures
17 29 (1.18%) Management Information System
18 28 (1.14%) Virtual Team
19 22 (0.89%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 361 (14.68%) Linux
2 198 (8.05%) Windows
3 108 (4.39%) Unix
4 54 (2.20%) Android
5 52 (2.11%) Apple iOS
6 41 (1.67%) Windows Server
7 29 (1.18%) Embedded Linux
8 27 (1.10%) FreeRTOS
9 25 (1.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 24 (0.98%) ThreadX
11 17 (0.69%) Windows Server 2012
12 16 (0.65%) CentOS
13 14 (0.57%) Ubuntu
14 12 (0.49%) Solaris
15 11 (0.45%) Debian
16 10 (0.41%) Mac OS X
17 9 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
18 8 (0.33%) Windows 10
18 8 (0.33%) Windows Server 2016
19 6 (0.24%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,252 (50.92%) Agile Software Development
2 612 (24.89%) DevOps
3 395 (16.06%) TDD
4 381 (15.49%) Scrum
5 372 (15.13%) Microservices
6 273 (11.10%) Test Automation
7 255 (10.37%) Asset Management
8 235 (9.56%) Continuous Integration
9 192 (7.81%) Analytics
10 186 (7.56%) BDD
11 158 (6.43%) Computer Science
12 156 (6.34%) OO
13 151 (6.14%) Mentoring
14 143 (5.82%) Migration
15 142 (5.77%) Decision-Making
16 139 (5.65%) Problem-Solving
17 138 (5.61%) Open Source
18 127 (5.16%) Machine Learning
18 127 (5.16%) Pair Programming
19 120 (4.88%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 957 (38.92%) Java
2 718 (29.20%) Python
3 611 (24.85%) JavaScript
4 465 (18.91%) C#
5 400 (16.27%) SQL
6 390 (15.86%) C++
7 261 (10.61%) C
8 134 (5.45%) Scala
9 117 (4.76%) Kotlin
10 109 (4.43%) R
11 106 (4.31%) TypeScript
12 95 (3.86%) Embedded C
13 88 (3.58%) Java 8
14 72 (2.93%) PowerShell
15 65 (2.64%) Bash Shell
15 65 (2.64%) Embedded C++
15 65 (2.64%) Go
16 64 (2.60%) Ruby
17 48 (1.95%) PL/SQL
18 40 (1.63%) PHP
Qualifications
1 335 (13.62%) Security Cleared
2 254 (10.33%) Degree
3 251 (10.21%) SC Cleared
4 74 (3.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 73 (2.97%) DV Cleared
6 20 (0.81%) Master's Degree
7 15 (0.61%) BPSS Clearance
8 14 (0.57%) Cisco Certification
9 13 (0.53%) SANS
10 12 (0.49%) CCNA
10 12 (0.49%) PhD
11 11 (0.45%) Numerate Degree
12 9 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
13 8 (0.33%) CISSP
13 8 (0.33%) MCSE
14 5 (0.20%) DBS Check
15 4 (0.16%) AWS Certification
15 4 (0.16%) MCP
15 4 (0.16%) PMI Certification
15 4 (0.16%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 92 (3.74%) QA
2 18 (0.73%) Data Quality
3 13 (0.53%) MISRA
4 11 (0.45%) MISRA C
5 9 (0.37%) GDPR
5 9 (0.37%) JTAG
6 8 (0.33%) SLA
7 7 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
8 4 (0.16%) MiFID
8 4 (0.16%) PSD2
9 3 (0.12%) DO-178B
9 3 (0.12%) ECSS
10 2 (0.081%) 21 CFR Part 11
10 2 (0.081%) GAMP
10 2 (0.081%) GLP
10 2 (0.081%) Good Clinical Practice
10 2 (0.081%) ISO 26262
10 2 (0.081%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.081%) WCAG
System Software
1 375 (15.25%) Docker
2 30 (1.22%) HDFS
3 26 (1.06%) Active Directory
3 26 (1.06%) VMware ESXi
4 22 (0.89%) VMware Infrastructure
5 19 (0.77%) Virtual Machines
6 18 (0.73%) Firmware
7 14 (0.57%) vSphere
8 12 (0.49%) Hyper-V
8 12 (0.49%) VMware NSX
9 6 (0.24%) DFS Replication
9 6 (0.24%) Microsoft App-V
10 4 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
10 4 (0.16%) XenApp
11 2 (0.081%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 2 (0.081%) KVM
11 2 (0.081%) LXC
11 2 (0.081%) Oracle RAC
11 2 (0.081%) VirtualBox
12 1 (0.041%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 344 (13.99%) Kubernetes
2 215 (8.74%) Terraform
3 126 (5.12%) Ansible
4 56 (2.28%) Puppet
5 44 (1.79%) Opscode Chef
6 34 (1.38%) Prometheus
7 26 (1.06%) Hadoop YARN
8 24 (0.98%) Grafana
9 21 (0.85%) vCenter Server
10 20 (0.81%) Kibana
11 13 (0.53%) Docker Swarm
12 10 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
13 9 (0.37%) linkerd
13 9 (0.37%) SCCM
14 8 (0.33%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 7 (0.28%) Istio
15 7 (0.28%) Microsoft Clustering
15 7 (0.28%) WSUS
16 6 (0.24%) Ambari
16 6 (0.24%) Oozie
Vendors
1 163 (6.63%) Google
2 151 (6.14%) Oracle
3 148 (6.02%) Microsoft
4 50 (2.03%) SAP
5 42 (1.71%) VMware
6 37 (1.50%) Cloudera
7 35 (1.42%) Sybase
8 31 (1.26%) Adobe
9 30 (1.22%) Atlassian
10 29 (1.18%) Hortonworks
10 29 (1.18%) Red Hat
11 25 (1.02%) Tableau
12 24 (0.98%) Cisco
13 20 (0.81%) Bloomberg
13 20 (0.81%) hybris
14 19 (0.77%) IBM
14 19 (0.77%) Splunk
15 16 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
16 14 (0.57%) TOWER Software
17 12 (0.49%) Apple