Period
to 11 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 11 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
11 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 29 50 60
Rank change year-on-year +21 +10 +6
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 2,760 2,119 3,432
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 6.21% 4.59% 4.04%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.09% 5.36% 4.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,911 1,448 2,116
10th Percentile £388 £375 £350
25th Percentile £450 £450 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £540 £500
Median % change year-on-year -2.78% +8.00% -
75th Percentile £631 £638 £600
90th Percentile £705 £713 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 108 120 236
10th Percentile £35.88 £38.25 £37.07
25th Percentile £41.25 £42.69 £41.25
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
75th Percentile £52.50 £51.19 £50.00
90th Percentile £58.55 £53.75 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 38,903 39,547 74,657
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.55% 85.62% 87.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,777 26,595 50,732
10th Percentile £310 £300 £306
25th Percentile £400 £388 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.70%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +3.16% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,221 1,160 1,811
10th Percentile £11.75 £12.35 £11.63
25th Percentile £15.50 £15.75 £14.50
Median hourly rate £25.00 £21.50 £22.65
Median % change year-on-year +16.28% -5.08% +7.31%
75th Percentile £46.20 £45.00 £45.00
90th Percentile £58.49 £54.00 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £26.50 £22.00 £22.84
% change year-on-year +20.45% -3.66% +11.39%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 11 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +24 1,783 £550 -2.65% 851
South West +5 221 £500 - 211
South East +5 200 £473 -0.53% 333
North of England +12 181 £425 -10.53% 421
Midlands +39 130 £405 -7.27% 220
North West +32 120 £405 -10.00% 258
East of England +14 108 £400 - 228
West Midlands +19 98 £405 -8.16% 133
Yorkshire -11 45 £409 -13.95% 123
East Midlands +16 19 £382 -10.45% 86
North East +23 18 £475 -15.56% 40
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 11 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,476 (53.48%) Agile Software Development
2 947 (34.31%) AWS
3 931 (33.73%) JavaScript
4 860 (31.16%) Java
5 787 (28.51%) Finance
6 783 (28.37%) Python
7 698 (25.29%) React
8 686 (24.86%) Azure
9 624 (22.61%) Docker
10 621 (22.50%) Kubernetes
11 570 (20.65%) Web Services
12 523 (18.95%) Node.js
13 502 (18.19%) DevOps
14 500 (18.12%) C#
15 497 (18.01%) Serverless
16 496 (17.97%) .NET
17 489 (17.72%) SQL
18 470 (17.03%) Microservices
19 455 (16.49%) TDD
20 424 (15.36%) Asset Management
21 418 (15.14%) Front Office
22 413 (14.96%) Social Skills
23 408 (14.78%) Terraform
24 406 (14.71%) Scrum
25 389 (14.09%) TypeScript
26 377 (13.66%) C++
27 371 (13.44%) Security Cleared
28 354 (12.83%) Git (software)
29 353 (12.79%) AngularJS
30 340 (12.32%) Investment Management

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 141 (5.11%) Apache
2 82 (2.97%) Apache Spark
3 76 (2.75%) Confluence
4 54 (1.96%) Elasticsearch
5 46 (1.67%) WebLogic
6 39 (1.41%) BizTalk Server
7 35 (1.27%) SharePoint
8 30 (1.09%) SAS
9 24 (0.87%) Oracle Coherence
10 21 (0.76%) Tomcat
11 20 (0.72%) Apache Airflow
12 19 (0.69%) WebSphere
13 16 (0.58%) WordPress
14 15 (0.54%) Cloud Foundry
15 13 (0.47%) Jetty
16 11 (0.40%) JBoss
17 7 (0.25%) NServiceBus
17 7 (0.25%) OpenStack
18 6 (0.22%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 5 (0.18%) nginx
Applications
1 16 (0.58%) Simulink
2 8 (0.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.25%) Photoshop
4 5 (0.18%) Figma
4 5 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.11%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.11%) InVision
5 3 (0.11%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.11%) Sketch
6 2 (0.072%) Gephi
7 1 (0.036%) Doxygen
7 1 (0.036%) Marvel
7 1 (0.036%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 10 (0.36%) Eagle PACE
1 10 (0.36%) Markit EDM
2 6 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 5 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
3 5 (0.18%) Oracle Retail
4 4 (0.14%) R3 Corda
5 3 (0.11%) Magento
6 2 (0.072%) OneSumX
6 2 (0.072%) Summit
7 1 (0.036%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.036%) Front Arena
7 1 (0.036%) Minerva
7 1 (0.036%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
7 1 (0.036%) SAP Business One
7 1 (0.036%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.036%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 1 (0.036%) Teamcenter
7 1 (0.036%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 947 (34.31%) AWS
2 686 (24.86%) Azure
3 497 (18.01%) Serverless
4 323 (11.70%) GCP
5 311 (11.27%) AWS Lambda
6 232 (8.41%) Amazon S3
7 192 (6.96%) Amazon SQS
8 174 (6.30%) AWS Step Functions
9 80 (2.90%) GitHub
10 73 (2.64%) Azure Functions
11 70 (2.54%) PaaS
12 61 (2.21%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 61 (2.21%) IaaS
13 59 (2.14%) Power Platform
14 55 (1.99%) Azure Logic Apps
15 52 (1.88%) AWS CloudFormation
15 52 (1.88%) Azure Storage
16 40 (1.45%) SaaS
17 38 (1.38%) Amazon EC2
18 34 (1.23%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 49 (1.78%) HTTP
1 49 (1.78%) TCP/IP
2 23 (0.83%) Ethernet
3 19 (0.69%) Wi-Fi
4 17 (0.62%) Internet
5 15 (0.54%) Broadband
5 15 (0.54%) Wireless
6 14 (0.51%) RS-485
6 14 (0.51%) SSL
7 13 (0.47%) HTTPS
7 13 (0.47%) Modbus
8 11 (0.40%) DNS
9 10 (0.36%) DECT
9 10 (0.36%) RS-422
10 9 (0.33%) ATM
10 9 (0.33%) WAN
11 8 (0.29%) UPnP
12 7 (0.25%) IPv4
12 7 (0.25%) IPv6
12 7 (0.25%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 260 (9.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 181 (6.56%) Amazon RDS
3 144 (5.22%) SQL Server
4 130 (4.71%) MongoDB
5 127 (4.60%) Big Data
6 126 (4.57%) PostgreSQL
7 119 (4.31%) NoSQL
8 94 (3.41%) Relational Database
9 67 (2.43%) MySQL
10 63 (2.28%) Azure SQL Database
11 58 (2.10%) Hadoop
12 54 (1.96%) Power BI
13 39 (1.41%) Redis
14 30 (1.09%) Apache Ignite
15 29 (1.05%) Data Warehouse
16 28 (1.01%) Apache Hive
17 25 (0.91%) Data Lake
18 23 (0.83%) Oracle Database
19 17 (0.62%) Apache Cassandra
19 17 (0.62%) HBase
Development Applications
1 354 (12.83%) Git (software)
2 305 (11.05%) Jenkins
3 157 (5.69%) JIRA
4 84 (3.04%) Maven
5 80 (2.90%) GitLab
6 61 (2.21%) Bitbucket
7 55 (1.99%) Cucumber
7 55 (1.99%) Gradle
8 54 (1.96%) JUnit
9 52 (1.88%) Visual Studio
10 50 (1.81%) webpack
11 43 (1.56%) CA Gen
12 39 (1.41%) TeamCity
13 37 (1.34%) Rational Rhapsody
13 37 (1.34%) Subversion
14 32 (1.16%) Mockito
15 30 (1.09%) Cypress.io
15 30 (1.09%) NetBeans
16 29 (1.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 29 (1.05%) Xcode
General
1 787 (28.51%) Finance
2 418 (15.14%) Front Office
3 413 (14.96%) Social Skills
4 205 (7.43%) Banking
5 152 (5.51%) Public Sector
6 115 (4.17%) Analytical Skills
7 76 (2.75%) Investment Banking
8 74 (2.68%) Telecoms
9 65 (2.36%) Law
10 63 (2.28%) Marketing
11 57 (2.07%) Retail
12 55 (1.99%) Electronics
13 53 (1.92%) Games
14 48 (1.74%) Aerospace
15 42 (1.52%) Manufacturing
16 34 (1.23%) Influencing Skills
17 21 (0.76%) Back Office
18 20 (0.72%) Military
19 15 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
20 14 (0.51%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 1,267 (45.91%) Developer
2 959 (34.75%) Software Engineer
3 383 (13.88%) React Developer
4 212 (7.68%) AWS Developer
5 192 (6.96%) JavaScript Developer
6 173 (6.27%) Java Developer
7 169 (6.12%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 169 (6.12%) Full Stack Developer
8 163 (5.91%) Java Engineer
9 150 (5.43%) Python Developer
10 126 (4.57%) Java Software Engineer
10 126 (4.57%) Senior Software Engineer
11 121 (4.38%) Senior Developer
12 116 (4.20%) Python Engineer
13 109 (3.95%) Node.js Developer
14 102 (3.70%) AWS Engineer
15 97 (3.51%) Software Developer
16 91 (3.30%) C# Developer
16 91 (3.30%) Embedded Engineer
17 89 (3.22%) Embedded Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 698 (25.29%) React
2 570 (20.65%) Web Services
3 523 (18.95%) Node.js
4 496 (17.97%) .NET
5 353 (12.79%) AngularJS
6 219 (7.93%) Kafka
7 209 (7.57%) Spring
8 206 (7.46%) HTML
9 202 (7.32%) REST
10 188 (6.81%) CSS
11 160 (5.80%) .NET Core
12 137 (4.96%) Spring Boot
13 134 (4.86%) RESTful
14 129 (4.67%) Vue.js
15 109 (3.95%) GraphQL
16 91 (3.30%) React Native
17 88 (3.19%) HTML5
18 84 (3.04%) ASP.NET
19 77 (2.79%) Redux
20 66 (2.39%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 204 (7.39%) User Experience
2 151 (5.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 133 (4.82%) Cloud Native
4 120 (4.35%) Derivative
5 118 (4.28%) Fixed Income
6 112 (4.06%) Equities
7 91 (3.30%) Hedge funds
8 89 (3.22%) Greenfield Project
9 87 (3.15%) Algorithms
10 73 (2.64%) Data Structures
11 62 (2.25%) Enterprise Software
11 62 (2.25%) Mobile App
12 53 (1.92%) Self-Motivation
13 47 (1.70%) Blog
14 30 (1.09%) Social Media
15 28 (1.01%) Public Cloud
16 27 (0.98%) Embedded Systems
17 26 (0.94%) Management Information System
18 19 (0.69%) Credit Risk
19 18 (0.65%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 314 (11.38%) Linux
2 161 (5.83%) Unix
3 142 (5.14%) Windows
4 95 (3.44%) Android
5 64 (2.32%) Apple iOS
6 28 (1.01%) Embedded Linux
7 17 (0.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 16 (0.58%) AIX
8 16 (0.58%) Windows 10
9 14 (0.51%) Windows Server
10 13 (0.47%) Mac OS X
10 13 (0.47%) OpenWrt
11 11 (0.40%) Mac OS
12 8 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
13 7 (0.25%) FreeRTOS
14 6 (0.22%) Ubuntu
15 5 (0.18%) CentOS
15 5 (0.18%) Debian
16 4 (0.14%) CoreOS
16 4 (0.14%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,476 (53.48%) Agile Software Development
2 502 (18.19%) DevOps
3 470 (17.03%) Microservices
4 455 (16.49%) TDD
5 424 (15.36%) Asset Management
6 406 (14.71%) Scrum
7 340 (12.32%) Investment Management
8 293 (10.62%) Test Automation
9 246 (8.91%) Continuous Integration
10 232 (8.41%) SDLC
11 208 (7.54%) Problem-Solving
12 200 (7.25%) OO
13 197 (7.14%) Software Testing
14 177 (6.41%) Analytics
15 172 (6.23%) Open Source
16 166 (6.01%) Mentoring
17 165 (5.98%) Computer Science
18 162 (5.87%) Continuous Improvement
19 160 (5.80%) Business Intelligence
20 157 (5.69%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 931 (33.73%) JavaScript
2 860 (31.16%) Java
3 783 (28.37%) Python
4 500 (18.12%) C#
5 489 (17.72%) SQL
6 389 (14.09%) TypeScript
7 377 (13.66%) C++
8 257 (9.31%) Kotlin
9 192 (6.96%) C
10 175 (6.34%) Scala
11 152 (5.51%) Go
12 125 (4.53%) PL/SQL
13 94 (3.41%) Shell Script
14 73 (2.64%) PowerShell
15 63 (2.28%) T-SQL
16 62 (2.25%) PHP
17 60 (2.17%) Java 8
18 55 (1.99%) Ruby
19 51 (1.85%) Bash Shell
20 49 (1.78%) Perl
Qualifications
1 371 (13.44%) Security Cleared
2 316 (11.45%) SC Cleared
3 270 (9.78%) Degree
4 80 (2.90%) DV Cleared
5 43 (1.56%) Computer Science Degree
6 18 (0.65%) PhD
7 17 (0.62%) AWS Certification
8 13 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
8 13 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
9 10 (0.36%) Master's Degree
10 8 (0.29%) VCAP
10 8 (0.29%) VCDX
10 8 (0.29%) VCP6
10 8 (0.29%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 7 (0.25%) SAS Certification
12 6 (0.22%) ISTQB
13 5 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
13 5 (0.18%) Postgraduate
14 3 (0.11%) ISEB
14 3 (0.11%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 139 (5.04%) QA
2 17 (0.62%) DO-178B
3 10 (0.36%) GDPR
4 8 (0.29%) JTAG
4 8 (0.29%) SLA
5 7 (0.25%) Data Quality
6 6 (0.22%) WCAG
7 5 (0.18%) MiFID
7 5 (0.18%) MISRA
8 4 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
8 4 (0.14%) IEC 61508
8 4 (0.14%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.072%) COREP
9 2 (0.072%) CRD IV
9 2 (0.072%) Good Clinical Practice
9 2 (0.072%) GxP
9 2 (0.072%) ISO 9000
9 2 (0.072%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.072%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.072%) TickIT
System Software
1 624 (22.61%) Docker
2 42 (1.52%) Active Directory
3 18 (0.65%) HDFS
4 14 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
5 13 (0.47%) Firmware
6 11 (0.40%) GridGain
6 11 (0.40%) VMware Infrastructure
7 8 (0.29%) Virtual Desktop
7 8 (0.29%) vSphere
8 7 (0.25%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 5 (0.18%) VMware NSX
10 4 (0.14%) Platform Symphony
11 3 (0.11%) GPFS
12 2 (0.072%) Ceph
12 2 (0.072%) Hyper-V
12 2 (0.072%) NFS
12 2 (0.072%) VMware ESXi
13 1 (0.036%) Apache Flume
13 1 (0.036%) Shibboleth
13 1 (0.036%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 621 (22.50%) Kubernetes
2 408 (14.78%) Terraform
3 94 (3.41%) Ansible
4 33 (1.20%) Opscode Chef
5 32 (1.16%) Prometheus
5 32 (1.16%) Puppet
6 24 (0.87%) Grafana
7 14 (0.51%) Kibana
8 9 (0.33%) Graphite
8 9 (0.33%) Oozie
9 8 (0.29%) Hadoop YARN
9 8 (0.29%) MIIS
10 7 (0.25%) Tivoli
10 7 (0.25%) Zipkin
11 6 (0.22%) ITRS Geneos
11 6 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
12 5 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
13 4 (0.14%) Istio
13 4 (0.14%) Packer
14 3 (0.11%) Mesos
Vendors
1 239 (8.66%) Oracle
2 136 (4.93%) Microsoft
3 67 (2.43%) Google
4 47 (1.70%) MuleSoft
5 41 (1.49%) SAP
6 36 (1.30%) IBM
7 35 (1.27%) BEA
7 35 (1.27%) Pega
7 35 (1.27%) webMethods
8 30 (1.09%) Databricks
9 28 (1.01%) Splunk
10 23 (0.83%) Cloudera
11 22 (0.80%) Atlassian
11 22 (0.80%) Bloomberg
12 21 (0.76%) CA
13 18 (0.65%) Informatica
13 18 (0.65%) VMware
14 16 (0.58%) Red Hat
14 16 (0.58%) Talend
15 13 (0.47%) Adobe