Period
to 17 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 17 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
17 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 61 69 77
Rank change year-on-year +8 +8 +13
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 3,692 3,078 2,987
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.92% 3.26% 3.04%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.53% 3.79% 3.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,317 2,048 1,875
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +7.14%
10th Percentile £360 £341 £319
90th Percentile £674 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 269 245 255
England median hourly rate £43.75 £44.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.57% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £32.35 £32.70 £32.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £43.63 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.45% +1.18% +5.25%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 81,444 81,234 84,116
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.37% 85.93% 85.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 54,532 54,542 55,944
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £300 £283 £263
90th Percentile £645 £638 £610
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,080 1,931 2,249
England median hourly rate £22.00 £23.50 £22.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.38% +2.87% +3.84%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £51.00 £50.00 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £23.14 £22.50
% change year-on-year -4.93% +2.84% +2.27%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 17 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +10 1,767 £530 +0.95% 1,002
South East +35 698 £475 +5.56% 590
North of England -10 477 £450 +5.88% 405
South West +9 288 £450 +12.50% 317
East of England +7 270 £450 +9.09% 458
Yorkshire 0 208 £445 +3.49% 131
North West -19 202 £439 -2.50% 218
Midlands +2 182 £420 +5.66% 246
West Midlands +11 113 £450 +20.00% 131
North East +2 73 £475 +11.76% 56
East Midlands +3 68 £351 -17.29% 114
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 17 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,917 (51.92%) Agile Software Development
2 1,352 (36.62%) Java
3 1,000 (27.09%) JavaScript
4 915 (24.78%) TDD
5 764 (20.69%) Amazon AWS
6 741 (20.07%) C#
7 673 (18.23%) Linux
8 649 (17.58%) Python
9 644 (17.44%) .NET
10 642 (17.39%) Scrum
11 618 (16.74%) Git (software)
12 609 (16.50%) SQL
13 596 (16.14%) Microservices
14 584 (15.82%) Finance
15 578 (15.66%) DevOps
16 574 (15.55%) C++
17 572 (15.49%) Continuous Integration
18 543 (14.71%) BDD
19 534 (14.46%) Test Automation
20 532 (14.41%) HTML
21 531 (14.38%) Docker
22 502 (13.60%) Node.js
23 493 (13.35%) AngularJS
24 487 (13.19%) CSS
25 459 (12.43%) Spring
26 451 (12.22%) Web Services
27 441 (11.94%) React
28 432 (11.70%) Degree
29 418 (11.32%) Jenkins
30 403 (10.92%) OO

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 168 (4.55%) Confluence
2 147 (3.98%) Elasticsearch
3 134 (3.63%) Apache Spark
4 129 (3.49%) Tomcat
5 118 (3.20%) Apache
6 106 (2.87%) JBoss
7 65 (1.76%) Jetty
8 50 (1.35%) CMS
9 36 (0.98%) SharePoint
10 31 (0.84%) Cloud Foundry
11 29 (0.79%) IIS
11 29 (0.79%) NServiceBus
12 27 (0.73%) nginx
13 25 (0.68%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 24 (0.65%) Gunicorn
15 20 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 20 (0.54%) WebLogic
16 19 (0.51%) Apache Solr
17 17 (0.46%) WebSphere
18 13 (0.35%) Mule
Applications
1 45 (1.22%) Microsoft Excel
2 36 (0.98%) Simulink
3 20 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
4 14 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
5 10 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 7 (0.19%) Chatbot
6 7 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.14%) MS Visio
7 5 (0.14%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.081%) InfoPath
8 3 (0.081%) Stateflow
9 2 (0.054%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.054%) Doxygen
9 2 (0.054%) InVision
10 1 (0.027%) CATIA
10 1 (0.027%) SPSS
10 1 (0.027%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 11 (0.30%) Oracle EBS R12
2 10 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.22%) Distributed Ledger
3 8 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
4 7 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
5 6 (0.16%) Remedy AR System
6 4 (0.11%) LabWindows
6 4 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 4 (0.11%) thinkFolio
7 3 (0.081%) Primavera
7 3 (0.081%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.081%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.054%) Bloomberg AIM
8 2 (0.054%) Eagle PACE
8 2 (0.054%) LatentZero
8 2 (0.054%) Sage 50
8 2 (0.054%) SAP FI
8 2 (0.054%) SAP Hybris
8 2 (0.054%) SAP MM
8 2 (0.054%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 764 (20.69%) Amazon AWS
2 343 (9.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 152 (4.12%) Serverless
4 124 (3.36%) Google Cloud Platform
5 119 (3.22%) AWS Lambda
6 84 (2.28%) AWS CloudFormation
7 75 (2.03%) Cloud Computing
7 75 (2.03%) GitHub
8 63 (1.71%) Slack
9 56 (1.52%) Amazon EC2
9 56 (1.52%) SaaS
10 55 (1.49%) Amazon S3
11 54 (1.46%) PaaS
12 42 (1.14%) Amazon SQS
13 37 (1.00%) Amazon Kinesis
14 35 (0.95%) IaaS
15 34 (0.92%) npm
16 28 (0.76%) OpenShift
17 24 (0.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 21 (0.57%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 112 (3.03%) HTTP
2 98 (2.65%) TCP/IP
3 64 (1.73%) Internet
4 58 (1.57%) SSL
5 42 (1.14%) Firewall
6 35 (0.95%) DNS
7 33 (0.89%) Wireless
8 30 (0.81%) Wi-Fi
9 28 (0.76%) Ethernet
10 19 (0.51%) Bluetooth
11 18 (0.49%) FTP
11 18 (0.49%) SNMP
12 17 (0.46%) Broadband
13 16 (0.43%) Wireshark
14 14 (0.38%) HTTPS
15 12 (0.33%) Software-Defined Networking
15 12 (0.33%) Tactical Data Link
15 12 (0.33%) VoIP
16 11 (0.30%) MQTT
17 10 (0.27%) DLNA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 361 (9.78%) NoSQL
2 306 (8.29%) MongoDB
3 305 (8.26%) SQL Server
4 214 (5.80%) MySQL
5 213 (5.77%) PostgreSQL
6 200 (5.42%) Hadoop
7 186 (5.04%) Big Data
8 173 (4.69%) Relational Database
9 103 (2.79%) Apache Cassandra
10 80 (2.17%) Apache Hive
11 75 (2.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 65 (1.76%) Data Warehouse
13 63 (1.71%) Redis
14 58 (1.57%) RDBMS
15 51 (1.38%) Oracle Database
16 33 (0.89%) Amazon Aurora
17 29 (0.79%) Neo4j
18 28 (0.76%) Amazon RDS
18 28 (0.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 27 (0.73%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 618 (16.74%) Git (software)
2 418 (11.32%) Jenkins
3 290 (7.85%) JIRA
4 192 (5.20%) Selenium
5 162 (4.39%) Maven
6 157 (4.25%) Visual Studio
7 127 (3.44%) Cucumber
8 113 (3.06%) Subversion
9 108 (2.93%) JUnit
10 92 (2.49%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 92 (2.49%) TeamCity
11 80 (2.17%) Eclipse
12 72 (1.95%) Gradle
13 68 (1.84%) Gatling
13 68 (1.84%) GitLab
14 57 (1.54%) Octopus Deploy
15 56 (1.52%) Rational DOORS
16 55 (1.49%) Jasmine
16 55 (1.49%) Mocha
17 54 (1.46%) IntelliJ
General
1 584 (15.82%) Finance
2 258 (6.99%) Banking
3 136 (3.68%) Front Office
4 108 (2.93%) Retail
5 67 (1.81%) Electronics
6 64 (1.73%) Manufacturing
7 63 (1.71%) Games
8 62 (1.68%) Law
9 59 (1.60%) Automotive
10 57 (1.54%) Investment Banking
11 51 (1.38%) Aerospace
12 50 (1.35%) Marketing
13 39 (1.06%) Telecoms
14 31 (0.84%) Back Office
15 27 (0.73%) Legal
16 23 (0.62%) Military
17 19 (0.51%) Avionics
18 16 (0.43%) Publishing
19 11 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
20 10 (0.27%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,606 (43.50%) Developer
2 1,328 (35.97%) Software Engineer
3 483 (13.08%) Java Developer
4 287 (7.77%) Java Engineer
5 252 (6.83%) Senior Software Engineer
6 248 (6.72%) Java Software Engineer
7 235 (6.37%) C# Developer
8 224 (6.07%) Senior Developer
9 222 (6.01%) .NET Developer
10 212 (5.74%) Architect
11 205 (5.55%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 199 (5.39%) Software Developer
13 170 (4.60%) C++ Software Engineer
14 159 (4.31%) Embedded Engineer
15 153 (4.14%) Embedded Software Engineer
16 141 (3.82%) JavaScript Developer
17 127 (3.44%) C# .NET Developer
18 126 (3.41%) React Developer
19 123 (3.33%) Full Stack Developer
20 116 (3.14%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 644 (17.44%) .NET
2 532 (14.41%) HTML
3 502 (13.60%) Node.js
4 493 (13.35%) AngularJS
5 487 (13.19%) CSS
6 459 (12.43%) Spring
7 451 (12.22%) Web Services
8 441 (11.94%) React
9 383 (10.37%) REST
10 241 (6.53%) RESTful
11 235 (6.37%) ASP.NET
12 233 (6.31%) HTML5
13 200 (5.42%) Spring Boot
14 199 (5.39%) Kafka
15 194 (5.25%) Hibernate
16 168 (4.55%) XML
17 165 (4.47%) jQuery
18 141 (3.82%) .NET Framework
19 137 (3.71%) J2EE
20 133 (3.60%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 347 (9.40%) Computer Science
2 247 (6.69%) User Experience
3 246 (6.66%) Greenfield Project
4 173 (4.69%) Analytical Skills
5 124 (3.36%) Fintech
6 114 (3.09%) Self-Motivation
7 102 (2.76%) Algorithms
8 75 (2.03%) Mobile App
9 74 (2.00%) Embedded Systems
10 65 (1.76%) Enterprise Software
11 63 (1.71%) Hedge funds
12 60 (1.63%) Management Information System
13 59 (1.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 53 (1.44%) Data Structures
15 51 (1.38%) Fixed Income
16 50 (1.35%) Derivative
17 43 (1.16%) Equities
18 34 (0.92%) Public Cloud
19 33 (0.89%) Device Driver
20 31 (0.84%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 673 (18.23%) Linux
2 285 (7.72%) Windows
3 149 (4.04%) Unix
4 99 (2.68%) Android
5 95 (2.57%) Apple iOS
6 57 (1.54%) Embedded Linux
7 52 (1.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 42 (1.14%) CentOS
9 31 (0.84%) Windows Server
10 14 (0.38%) Ubuntu
11 12 (0.33%) VxWorks
12 8 (0.22%) FreeRTOS
12 8 (0.22%) Mac OS X
13 7 (0.19%) Nucleus RTOS
14 5 (0.14%) Debian
14 5 (0.14%) SafeRTOS
14 5 (0.14%) Windows Embedded Compact
15 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
15 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
16 3 (0.081%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,917 (51.92%) Agile Software Development
2 915 (24.78%) TDD
3 642 (17.39%) Scrum
4 596 (16.14%) Microservices
5 578 (15.66%) DevOps
6 572 (15.49%) Continuous Integration
7 543 (14.71%) BDD
8 534 (14.46%) Test Automation
9 403 (10.92%) OO
10 364 (9.86%) Problem-Solving
11 336 (9.10%) Unit Testing
12 307 (8.32%) MVC
13 272 (7.37%) SDLC
14 242 (6.55%) Multithreading
15 230 (6.23%) Open Source
16 221 (5.99%) Kanban
17 212 (5.74%) Mentoring
18 211 (5.72%) Front End Development
19 207 (5.61%) Pair Programming
20 206 (5.58%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,352 (36.62%) Java
2 1,000 (27.09%) JavaScript
3 741 (20.07%) C#
4 649 (17.58%) Python
5 609 (16.50%) SQL
6 574 (15.55%) C++
7 392 (10.62%) C
8 279 (7.56%) Java 8
9 195 (5.28%) Scala
10 143 (3.87%) ES6
11 140 (3.79%) Go
11 140 (3.79%) TypeScript
12 127 (3.44%) Embedded C
13 119 (3.22%) PowerShell
14 118 (3.20%) PHP
15 95 (2.57%) Ruby
16 75 (2.03%) Groovy
17 73 (1.98%) Bash Shell
17 73 (1.98%) Embedded C++
18 69 (1.87%) Perl
Qualifications
1 432 (11.70%) Degree
2 362 (9.80%) Security Cleared
3 252 (6.83%) SC Cleared
4 142 (3.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 52 (1.41%) DV Cleared
6 40 (1.08%) AWS Certification
7 30 (0.81%) Master's Degree
8 20 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
9 18 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
10 14 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
11 13 (0.35%) CCNA
12 12 (0.33%) ISEB
12 12 (0.33%) ISTQB
12 12 (0.33%) MCSE
12 12 (0.33%) PhD
13 10 (0.27%) CISSP
13 10 (0.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 10 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
13 10 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
14 9 (0.24%) OCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 240 (6.50%) QA
2 40 (1.08%) MISRA
3 26 (0.70%) GDPR
4 25 (0.68%) Data Quality
4 25 (0.68%) MISRA C
5 18 (0.49%) DO-178B
6 16 (0.43%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 15 (0.41%) HMG Infosec
7 15 (0.41%) JSP 440
8 14 (0.38%) WCAG
9 8 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 6 (0.16%) IEC 61508
10 6 (0.16%) PSD2
10 6 (0.16%) SLA
11 5 (0.14%) ISO 9001
11 5 (0.14%) PCI DSS
12 4 (0.11%) Def Stans
12 4 (0.11%) PMO
13 3 (0.081%) ARP4754
14 2 (0.054%) ISO 26262
System Software
1 531 (14.38%) Docker
2 38 (1.03%) Firmware
3 28 (0.76%) VMware Infrastructure
4 25 (0.68%) HDFS
5 12 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (0.30%) Active Directory
6 11 (0.30%) vSphere
7 8 (0.22%) VirtualBox
8 7 (0.19%) KVM
9 4 (0.11%) Xen
10 3 (0.081%) Virtual Servers
11 2 (0.054%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.054%) OpenAM
11 2 (0.054%) XenDesktop
12 1 (0.027%) Apache Flume
12 1 (0.027%) OpenIDM
12 1 (0.027%) Platform Symphony
12 1 (0.027%) Postfix
12 1 (0.027%) QEMU
12 1 (0.027%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 334 (9.05%) Ansible
2 253 (6.85%) Kubernetes
3 218 (5.90%) Terraform
4 210 (5.69%) Puppet
5 139 (3.76%) Opscode Chef
6 61 (1.65%) Cobbler
7 37 (1.00%) Grafana
8 26 (0.70%) Single Sign-On
9 25 (0.68%) Kibana
10 22 (0.60%) Prometheus
11 18 (0.49%) Docker Swarm
12 13 (0.35%) Nessus
12 13 (0.35%) Oozie
13 12 (0.33%) Hadoop YARN
13 12 (0.33%) Packer
13 12 (0.33%) Rancher
13 12 (0.33%) Salt
14 11 (0.30%) Mesos
14 11 (0.30%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 10 (0.27%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 260 (7.04%) Microsoft
1 260 (7.04%) Oracle
2 149 (4.04%) Google
3 71 (1.92%) Atlassian
4 63 (1.71%) Red Hat
5 39 (1.06%) Tableau
5 39 (1.06%) VMware
6 37 (1.00%) Adobe
7 36 (0.98%) Salesforce.com
8 32 (0.87%) Black Duck
9 30 (0.81%) IBM
10 27 (0.73%) Splunk
11 22 (0.60%) SAP
12 20 (0.54%) Bloomberg
12 20 (0.54%) Cloudera
13 19 (0.51%) Cisco
14 18 (0.49%) Apple
15 17 (0.46%) Citrix
16 15 (0.41%) Hortonworks
17 12 (0.33%) MapR