Period
to 20 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 20 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
20 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 36 54 64
Rank change year-on-year +18 +10 +12
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 1,429 3,505 3,648
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.62% 4.32% 3.88%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.47% 4.96% 4.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,119 2,032 2,344
Median daily rate £550 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £380 £360 £350
90th Percentile £763 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +8.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 87 240 282
Median hourly rate £44.00 £47.50 £43.63
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.37% +8.88% -3.06%
10th Percentile £35.00 £40.23 £31.75
90th Percentile £53.00 £53.75 £51.00
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £47.50 £43.50
% change year-on-year -7.37% +9.20% -1.14%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 22,074 70,679 81,883
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.80% 87.09% 87.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,119 46,905 54,602
Median daily rate £478 £475 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.63% +2.15% +3.33%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 784 2,009 2,240
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.70 £20.72
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +41.73% +19.18% -9.91%
10th Percentile £12.65 £11.94 £11.18
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £50.25
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year +45.83% +17.07% -14.58%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 20 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +32 985 £575 +4.55% 525
North of England +12 124 £463 +0.11% 261
South East +1 119 £453 +3.46% 237
East of England -2 75 £441 +3.82% 129
North West +18 69 £413 -10.81% 149
South West -33 61 £460 +2.22% 143
Midlands +21 50 £450 +5.88% 116
Yorkshire +9 48 £500 +11.11% 92
West Midlands +18 37 £463 +15.63% 61
East Midlands +24 12 £400 -20.00% 55
North East +5 3 £500 +5.26% 20
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 20 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 796 (55.70%) Agile Software Development
2 717 (50.17%) Java
3 648 (45.35%) AWS
4 568 (39.75%) Python
5 550 (38.49%) Finance
6 487 (34.08%) Web Services
7 482 (33.73%) JavaScript
8 438 (30.65%) DevOps
9 411 (28.76%) Asset Management
10 408 (28.55%) Azure
11 349 (24.42%) Front Office
12 338 (23.65%) AngularJS
13 334 (23.37%) Fixed Income
14 327 (22.88%) React
15 326 (22.81%) Derivative
16 299 (20.92%) Equities
17 298 (20.85%) Hedge funds
18 296 (20.71%) Microservices
19 294 (20.57%) Banking
20 282 (19.73%) SQL
21 280 (19.59%) GCP
22 278 (19.45%) Investment Management
23 265 (18.54%) Kubernetes
24 255 (17.84%) Docker
25 240 (16.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
26 224 (15.68%) Vue.js
27 212 (14.84%) C#
28 211 (14.77%) Jenkins
29 204 (14.28%) Serverless
30 194 (13.58%) Google

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (5.53%) Apache
2 43 (3.01%) Confluence
3 34 (2.38%) Apache Spark
4 25 (1.75%) CMS
4 25 (1.75%) Elasticsearch
5 19 (1.33%) SharePoint
6 17 (1.19%) Tomcat
7 15 (1.05%) WebLogic
8 12 (0.84%) Mule
9 11 (0.77%) Jupyter
10 10 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
10 10 (0.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 9 (0.63%) SAS
12 7 (0.49%) IIS
13 6 (0.42%) Apache Airflow
14 5 (0.35%) JBoss
15 3 (0.21%) DNN
16 2 (0.14%) Predix
16 2 (0.14%) ThingWorx
16 2 (0.14%) WordPress
Applications
1 9 (0.63%) Simulink
2 6 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.28%) Sketch
3 4 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.14%) Doxygen
4 2 (0.14%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.070%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.070%) Adobe Premiere
5 1 (0.070%) AutoCAD
5 1 (0.070%) Autodesk Inventor
5 1 (0.070%) Figma
5 1 (0.070%) InVision
5 1 (0.070%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.070%) PTC Creo
5 1 (0.070%) Siemens NX
5 1 (0.070%) Windchill
5 1 (0.070%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 10 (0.70%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 5 (0.35%) Lawson
3 4 (0.28%) SAP ERP
4 3 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.14%) Temenos T24
6 1 (0.070%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.070%) FINCAD Analytics
6 1 (0.070%) Oracle Assets
6 1 (0.070%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.070%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.070%) Oracle General Ledger
6 1 (0.070%) Oracle iRecruitment
6 1 (0.070%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.070%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.070%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.070%) SunGard GMI
6 1 (0.070%) Teamcenter
6 1 (0.070%) Temenos Triple'A Plus
Cloud Services
1 648 (45.35%) AWS
2 408 (28.55%) Azure
3 280 (19.59%) GCP
4 204 (14.28%) Serverless
5 189 (13.23%) AWS Lambda
6 122 (8.54%) Amazon EC2
6 122 (8.54%) Amazon ECS
7 120 (8.40%) Amazon S3
8 70 (4.90%) AWS CloudFormation
8 70 (4.90%) OpenShift
9 67 (4.69%) Amazon SQS
10 39 (2.73%) Apigee
11 31 (2.17%) GitHub
12 29 (2.03%) PaaS
13 27 (1.89%) SaaS
14 25 (1.75%) Cloud Computing
15 16 (1.12%) IaaS
16 15 (1.05%) Kong
16 15 (1.05%) npm
17 14 (0.98%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 45 (3.15%) SSL
2 39 (2.73%) TCP/IP
3 24 (1.68%) HTTPS
4 20 (1.40%) HTTP
5 18 (1.26%) DNS
6 16 (1.12%) Firewall
7 15 (1.05%) Wireless
8 13 (0.91%) Reverse Proxy
9 11 (0.77%) Ethernet
10 9 (0.63%) 5G
11 7 (0.49%) RS-485
11 7 (0.49%) Wi-Fi
12 6 (0.42%) DHCP
12 6 (0.42%) Internet
12 6 (0.42%) RS-232
13 4 (0.28%) 3G
13 4 (0.28%) 4G
13 4 (0.28%) LTE
13 4 (0.28%) Modbus
13 4 (0.28%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 157 (10.99%) SQL Server
2 115 (8.05%) Amazon Redshift
3 113 (7.91%) MySQL
4 106 (7.42%) PostgreSQL
5 92 (6.44%) NoSQL
6 86 (6.02%) Amazon RDS
7 64 (4.48%) Relational Database
8 51 (3.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 47 (3.29%) Big Data
10 41 (2.87%) MongoDB
11 37 (2.59%) Data Warehouse
11 37 (2.59%) RDBMS
12 29 (2.03%) Amazon Aurora
13 27 (1.89%) Hadoop
14 16 (1.12%) Redis
15 15 (1.05%) Apache Cassandra
16 12 (0.84%) Pentaho
17 10 (0.70%) Power BI
18 8 (0.56%) KDB
19 7 (0.49%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 211 (14.77%) Jenkins
2 156 (10.92%) Git (software)
3 101 (7.07%) Artifactory
4 91 (6.37%) RStudio
5 83 (5.81%) GitLab
6 72 (5.04%) JIRA
7 47 (3.29%) Maven
8 45 (3.15%) JUnit
9 30 (2.10%) Cucumber
9 30 (2.10%) Visual Studio
10 25 (1.75%) Selenium
11 21 (1.47%) Subversion
12 19 (1.33%) Eclipse
12 19 (1.33%) SonarQube
13 17 (1.19%) Mocha
14 16 (1.12%) Mockito
14 16 (1.12%) Sonatype Nexus
14 16 (1.12%) webpack
15 14 (0.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 13 (0.91%) NetBeans
General
1 550 (38.49%) Finance
2 349 (24.42%) Front Office
3 294 (20.57%) Banking
4 158 (11.06%) Investment Banking
5 55 (3.85%) Public Sector
6 29 (2.03%) Telecoms
7 25 (1.75%) Electronics
8 22 (1.54%) Law
9 17 (1.19%) Aerospace
10 16 (1.12%) Back Office
11 14 (0.98%) Retail
12 13 (0.91%) Marketing
13 12 (0.84%) Financial Institution
14 11 (0.77%) Manufacturing
14 11 (0.77%) Military
15 8 (0.56%) French Language
15 8 (0.56%) Games
15 8 (0.56%) Local Government
16 6 (0.42%) Publishing
17 4 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 676 (47.31%) Developer
2 544 (38.07%) Software Engineer
3 266 (18.61%) AWS Engineer
4 230 (16.10%) AWS Developer
5 220 (15.40%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 218 (15.26%) Java Developer
7 172 (12.04%) Java Engineer
8 150 (10.50%) AWS Software Engineer
9 143 (10.01%) Python Developer
10 135 (9.45%) Python Engineer
11 124 (8.68%) Java Software Engineer
12 111 (7.77%) JavaScript Developer
13 106 (7.42%) Java Software Developer
14 89 (6.23%) Python Software Engineer
15 76 (5.32%) DevOps Engineer
16 74 (5.18%) JavaScript Engineer
17 69 (4.83%) Senior Developer
18 65 (4.55%) SQL Developer
19 55 (3.85%) Front Office Developer
20 47 (3.29%) .NET Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 487 (34.08%) Web Services
2 338 (23.65%) AngularJS
3 327 (22.88%) React
4 224 (15.68%) Vue.js
5 173 (12.11%) Node.js
6 170 (11.90%) .NET
7 141 (9.87%) Spring
8 127 (8.89%) HTML
9 107 (7.49%) CSS
10 102 (7.14%) J2EE
11 92 (6.44%) REST
12 84 (5.88%) gRPC
13 79 (5.53%) RESTful
14 77 (5.39%) ASP.NET
15 76 (5.32%) .NET Core
16 70 (4.90%) Spring Boot
17 68 (4.76%) Kafka
18 63 (4.41%) J2SE
19 57 (3.99%) Swagger
20 55 (3.85%) ASP.NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 334 (23.37%) Fixed Income
2 326 (22.81%) Derivative
3 299 (20.92%) Equities
4 298 (20.85%) Hedge funds
5 240 (16.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 91 (6.37%) Analytical Skills
7 86 (6.02%) Greenfield Project
8 62 (4.34%) User Experience
9 35 (2.45%) Algorithms
10 32 (2.24%) Mobile App
11 30 (2.10%) Public Cloud
12 24 (1.68%) Blog
13 23 (1.61%) Cloud Native
13 23 (1.61%) Management Information System
14 22 (1.54%) Data Structures
15 20 (1.40%) Self-Motivation
16 18 (1.26%) Virtual Team
17 15 (1.05%) Credit Derivative
18 14 (0.98%) Pricing Data
19 13 (0.91%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 129 (9.03%) Linux
2 59 (4.13%) Windows
3 42 (2.94%) Unix
4 33 (2.31%) Android
5 30 (2.10%) Apple iOS
6 9 (0.63%) Embedded Linux
7 8 (0.56%) CentOS
7 8 (0.56%) OpenVMS
8 7 (0.49%) Windows 10
9 5 (0.35%) FreeRTOS
9 5 (0.35%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
9 5 (0.35%) Windows Server 2016
10 4 (0.28%) Debian
10 4 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 3 (0.21%) Windows 7
12 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.070%) CoreOS
13 1 (0.070%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.070%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 796 (55.70%) Agile Software Development
2 438 (30.65%) DevOps
3 411 (28.76%) Asset Management
4 296 (20.71%) Microservices
5 278 (19.45%) Investment Management
6 167 (11.69%) TDD
7 152 (10.64%) Decision-Making
8 115 (8.05%) Fintech
9 112 (7.84%) Continuous Integration
10 109 (7.63%) Scrum
11 107 (7.49%) Computer Science
11 107 (7.49%) Test Automation
12 102 (7.14%) Portfolio Management
13 96 (6.72%) Business Analysis
13 96 (6.72%) SDLC
14 95 (6.65%) Problem-Solving
15 94 (6.58%) Analytics
16 90 (6.30%) OO
17 89 (6.23%) Mentoring
18 88 (6.16%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 717 (50.17%) Java
2 568 (39.75%) Python
3 482 (33.73%) JavaScript
4 282 (19.73%) SQL
5 212 (14.84%) C#
6 139 (9.73%) C++
7 118 (8.26%) Kotlin
8 106 (7.42%) C
9 95 (6.65%) Scala
10 79 (5.53%) R
11 60 (4.20%) Java 8
12 54 (3.78%) Go
13 51 (3.57%) TypeScript
14 34 (2.38%) Bash Shell
15 28 (1.96%) PowerShell
16 24 (1.68%) PHP
17 23 (1.61%) PL/SQL
18 21 (1.47%) Embedded C
19 19 (1.33%) ES6
20 18 (1.26%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 145 (10.15%) Security Cleared
2 125 (8.75%) SC Cleared
3 110 (7.70%) Degree
4 30 (2.10%) Computer Science Degree
5 14 (0.98%) BPSS Clearance
6 11 (0.77%) Master's Degree
7 10 (0.70%) ISTQB
7 10 (0.70%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 9 (0.63%) DV Cleared
9 8 (0.56%) AWS Certification
10 7 (0.49%) DBS Check
11 6 (0.42%) PhD
12 4 (0.28%) ISEB
13 3 (0.21%) HND
13 3 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
13 3 (0.21%) MySQL Certification
14 2 (0.14%) HNC
14 2 (0.14%) MCP
14 2 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
14 2 (0.14%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (3.57%) QA
2 15 (1.05%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.42%) GDPR
4 5 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.35%) PSD2
5 3 (0.21%) DO-178B
5 3 (0.21%) MISRA
5 3 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 2 (0.14%) WCAG
7 1 (0.070%) Def Stans
7 1 (0.070%) HL7
7 1 (0.070%) IEC 62304
7 1 (0.070%) ISO 9000
7 1 (0.070%) JTAG
7 1 (0.070%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.070%) PMO
7 1 (0.070%) TickIT
System Software
1 255 (17.84%) Docker
2 16 (1.12%) Active Directory
3 13 (0.91%) Firmware
4 7 (0.49%) vSphere
5 5 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
6 4 (0.28%) VMware Infrastructure
7 3 (0.21%) GridGain
7 3 (0.21%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.21%) Virtual Desktop
8 2 (0.14%) DFS Replication
8 2 (0.14%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.070%) HDFS
9 1 (0.070%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.070%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.070%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 265 (18.54%) Kubernetes
2 156 (10.92%) Terraform
3 51 (3.57%) Ansible
4 36 (2.52%) Prometheus
5 30 (2.10%) Puppet
6 20 (1.40%) Zipkin
7 13 (0.91%) Packer
8 12 (0.84%) Opscode Chef
9 10 (0.70%) Kibana
10 9 (0.63%) Consul
11 6 (0.42%) Grafana
11 6 (0.42%) Graphite
12 4 (0.28%) Nagios
12 4 (0.28%) SCCM
13 3 (0.21%) Docker Swarm
13 3 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
13 3 (0.21%) Microsoft Clustering
13 3 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
14 2 (0.14%) linkerd
14 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
Vendors
1 194 (13.58%) Google
2 147 (10.29%) Oracle
3 83 (5.81%) Microsoft
4 40 (2.80%) Splunk
5 21 (1.47%) Cloudera
6 20 (1.40%) Salesforce.com
7 18 (1.26%) Bloomberg
7 18 (1.26%) SAP
8 17 (1.19%) MuleSoft
9 15 (1.05%) AppDynamics
10 14 (0.98%) Sybase
11 13 (0.91%) F5
12 11 (0.77%) Atlassian
12 11 (0.77%) Tableau
13 10 (0.70%) Informatica
14 9 (0.63%) Databricks
14 9 (0.63%) Talend
15 8 (0.56%) Apple
15 8 (0.56%) Blue Coat
16 7 (0.49%) VMware