Period
to 8 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 8 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
UK > England
6 months to
8 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 43 56 65
Rank change year-on-year +13 +9 +7
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 1,840 3,671 3,475
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.95% 4.27% 3.64%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.75% 4.88% 4.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,299 2,221 2,198
Median daily rate £550 £500 £493
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +1.52% +9.44%
10th Percentile £393 £360 £350
90th Percentile £750 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 111 266 290
Median hourly rate £46.50 £45.25 £43.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.76% +4.02% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £38.75 £28.72
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £51.05
UK median hourly rate £46.21 £45.00 £43.00
% change year-on-year +2.68% +4.65% -1.15%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 32,024 75,189 82,983
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.17% 87.47% 87.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,498 50,043 55,128
Median daily rate £480 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.05% +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £304 £306 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,064 2,030 2,265
Median hourly rate £32.50 £24.91 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +30.46% +13.24% -12.00%
10th Percentile £12.78 £12.00 £11.21
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £32.37 £24.50 £21.50
% change year-on-year +32.12% +13.95% -14.00%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 8 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in England.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering in England over the 6 months to 8 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in England

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the England region over the 6 months to 8 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +27 1,135 £575 +4.55% 342
North of England 0 190 £475 +5.56% 189
South East -8 172 £464 +3.06% 168
South West -5 158 £468 +3.89% 100
East of England -10 99 £450 +9.76% 112
North West +3 88 £450 - 119
Yorkshire -4 78 £475 +5.56% 57
Midlands +6 75 £450 +5.88% 88
West Midlands +14 63 £450 +7.14% 59
North East -4 18 £395 -14.59% 13
East Midlands +12 12 £425 -14.14% 28
Software Engineering
UK

For the 6 months to 8 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 983 (53.42%) Agile Software Development
2 808 (43.91%) Java
3 708 (38.48%) AWS
4 601 (32.66%) Python
5 570 (30.98%) Finance
5 570 (30.98%) DevOps
6 527 (28.64%) JavaScript
7 478 (25.98%) Web Services
8 452 (24.57%) Azure
9 352 (19.13%) Docker
10 345 (18.75%) Asset Management
11 344 (18.70%) Kubernetes
12 327 (17.77%) React
13 323 (17.55%) Front Office
14 320 (17.39%) SQL
15 302 (16.41%) Microservices
15 302 (16.41%) Jenkins
16 300 (16.30%) AngularJS
17 291 (15.82%) C#
18 286 (15.54%) GCP
19 279 (15.16%) Fixed Income
20 266 (14.46%) Banking
20 266 (14.46%) Git (software)
21 259 (14.08%) Derivative
22 253 (13.75%) TDD
23 249 (13.53%) Scrum
24 242 (13.15%) .NET
25 234 (12.72%) Hedge funds
26 231 (12.55%) Linux
27 230 (12.50%) Equities

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (4.02%) Apache
2 67 (3.64%) Confluence
3 60 (3.26%) Apache Spark
4 36 (1.96%) Elasticsearch
5 31 (1.68%) SAS
6 30 (1.63%) WebLogic
7 27 (1.47%) Tomcat
8 21 (1.14%) Mule
9 19 (1.03%) SharePoint
10 17 (0.92%) CMS
11 13 (0.71%) Camunda
11 13 (0.71%) Cloud Foundry
11 13 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 9 (0.49%) IIS
13 8 (0.43%) Jupyter
14 7 (0.38%) WordPress
15 6 (0.33%) JBoss
16 5 (0.27%) Anypoint
16 5 (0.27%) Apache Airflow
17 4 (0.22%) Tuxedo
Applications
1 15 (0.82%) Simulink
2 10 (0.54%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.33%) Sketch
4 4 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.11%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.11%) Doxygen
5 2 (0.11%) InVision
6 1 (0.054%) Adobe Premiere
6 1 (0.054%) Autodesk Inventor
6 1 (0.054%) Figma
6 1 (0.054%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.054%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.054%) SOLIDWORKS
6 1 (0.054%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 9 (0.49%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 8 (0.43%) FINCAD Analytics
3 7 (0.38%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 6 (0.33%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.054%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.054%) Magento
7 1 (0.054%) Misys Equation
7 1 (0.054%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.054%) SAP HR
7 1 (0.054%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.054%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.054%) SunGard GMI
7 1 (0.054%) Temenos T24
7 1 (0.054%) Temenos Triple'A Plus
Cloud Services
1 708 (38.48%) AWS
2 452 (24.57%) Azure
3 286 (15.54%) GCP
4 188 (10.22%) Serverless
5 169 (9.18%) AWS Lambda
6 122 (6.63%) Amazon EC2
6 122 (6.63%) Amazon ECS
7 103 (5.60%) Amazon S3
8 99 (5.38%) OpenShift
9 90 (4.89%) AWS CloudFormation
10 86 (4.67%) Amazon SQS
11 47 (2.55%) GitHub
12 44 (2.39%) PaaS
13 36 (1.96%) SaaS
14 34 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
15 27 (1.47%) Power Platform
16 19 (1.03%) Apigee
16 19 (1.03%) AWS Step Functions
17 17 (0.92%) Amazon EKS
17 17 (0.92%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 53 (2.88%) TCP/IP
2 52 (2.83%) SSL
3 37 (2.01%) Firewall
4 29 (1.58%) HTTP
5 28 (1.52%) HTTPS
6 27 (1.47%) DNS
7 21 (1.14%) Ethernet
8 14 (0.76%) DHCP
8 14 (0.76%) Wireless
9 13 (0.71%) Reverse Proxy
10 9 (0.49%) 5G
10 9 (0.49%) Internet
10 9 (0.49%) Kerberos
10 9 (0.49%) VPN
11 8 (0.43%) WAN
12 7 (0.38%) LAN
12 7 (0.38%) RS-232
12 7 (0.38%) SNMP
12 7 (0.38%) Wi-Fi
12 7 (0.38%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 156 (8.48%) SQL Server
2 124 (6.74%) NoSQL
3 120 (6.52%) Amazon Redshift
4 117 (6.36%) Amazon RDS
5 110 (5.98%) MySQL
6 100 (5.43%) PostgreSQL
7 98 (5.33%) Relational Database
8 91 (4.95%) Big Data
9 74 (4.02%) MongoDB
10 59 (3.21%) Data Warehouse
11 58 (3.15%) Hadoop
12 52 (2.83%) RDBMS
13 39 (2.12%) Redis
14 33 (1.79%) Amazon Aurora
15 29 (1.58%) Apache Cassandra
16 28 (1.52%) HBase
16 28 (1.52%) Pentaho
17 27 (1.47%) Power BI
18 26 (1.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 24 (1.30%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 302 (16.41%) Jenkins
2 266 (14.46%) Git (software)
3 129 (7.01%) JIRA
4 104 (5.65%) RStudio
5 103 (5.60%) Artifactory
6 89 (4.84%) GitLab
7 86 (4.67%) Maven
8 41 (2.23%) JUnit
8 41 (2.23%) Visual Studio
9 34 (1.85%) Cucumber
10 33 (1.79%) Selenium
11 30 (1.63%) Eclipse
12 29 (1.58%) Subversion
13 28 (1.52%) Bitbucket
14 27 (1.47%) Octopus Deploy
15 26 (1.41%) Rational Rhapsody
16 24 (1.30%) Gradle
16 24 (1.30%) NetBeans
16 24 (1.30%) TeamCity
17 22 (1.20%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 570 (30.98%) Finance
2 323 (17.55%) Front Office
3 266 (14.46%) Banking
4 145 (7.88%) Investment Banking
5 59 (3.21%) Public Sector
6 31 (1.68%) Telecoms
7 28 (1.52%) Aerospace
7 28 (1.52%) Law
8 23 (1.25%) Electronics
9 21 (1.14%) Military
10 17 (0.92%) Retail
11 16 (0.87%) Back Office
12 15 (0.82%) Financial Institution
13 13 (0.71%) Marketing
14 11 (0.60%) Publishing
15 9 (0.49%) Automotive
15 9 (0.49%) Games
15 9 (0.49%) Legal
16 7 (0.38%) Advertising
16 7 (0.38%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 738 (40.11%) Developer
2 656 (35.65%) Software Engineer
3 263 (14.29%) Java Developer
4 248 (13.48%) AWS Engineer
5 225 (12.23%) AWS Developer
6 163 (8.86%) Java Engineer
7 152 (8.26%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 132 (7.17%) Python Developer
9 130 (7.07%) AWS Software Engineer
10 117 (6.36%) Python Engineer
11 103 (5.60%) Java Software Engineer
12 100 (5.43%) DevOps Engineer
13 93 (5.05%) Java Software Developer
14 87 (4.73%) Senior Developer
15 71 (3.86%) Python Software Engineer
16 70 (3.80%) .NET Developer
17 65 (3.53%) JavaScript Developer
18 60 (3.26%) JavaScript Engineer
18 60 (3.26%) Senior Software Engineer
19 59 (3.21%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 478 (25.98%) Web Services
2 327 (17.77%) React
3 300 (16.30%) AngularJS
4 242 (13.15%) .NET
5 208 (11.30%) Node.js
6 169 (9.18%) Spring
7 167 (9.08%) Vue.js
8 157 (8.53%) HTML
9 141 (7.66%) CSS
10 133 (7.23%) J2EE
11 117 (6.36%) REST
12 105 (5.71%) Kafka
13 104 (5.65%) RESTful
14 101 (5.49%) ASP.NET
15 98 (5.33%) .NET Core
15 98 (5.33%) Spring Boot
16 82 (4.46%) J2SE
17 65 (3.53%) gRPC
18 58 (3.15%) XML
19 52 (2.83%) ASP.NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 279 (15.16%) Fixed Income
2 259 (14.08%) Derivative
3 234 (12.72%) Hedge funds
4 230 (12.50%) Equities
5 185 (10.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 119 (6.47%) Analytical Skills
7 96 (5.22%) Greenfield Project
8 84 (4.57%) User Experience
9 49 (2.66%) Public Cloud
10 38 (2.07%) Mobile App
11 33 (1.79%) Algorithms
12 32 (1.74%) Management Information System
13 28 (1.52%) Self-Motivation
13 28 (1.52%) Virtual Team
14 27 (1.47%) Cloud Native
15 21 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
16 20 (1.09%) iPad
17 19 (1.03%) Data Structures
17 19 (1.03%) Reference Data
18 16 (0.87%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 231 (12.55%) Linux
2 134 (7.28%) Windows
3 80 (4.35%) Unix
4 42 (2.28%) Apple iOS
5 40 (2.17%) Android
6 17 (0.92%) Embedded Linux
6 17 (0.92%) Windows Server
7 12 (0.65%) FreeRTOS
8 10 (0.54%) Windows 10
9 9 (0.49%) ThreadX
10 8 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 8 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
11 7 (0.38%) CentOS
11 7 (0.38%) Windows Server 2016
12 5 (0.27%) Debian
12 5 (0.27%) Solaris
13 4 (0.22%) Mac OS X
13 4 (0.22%) Windows 7
13 4 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
14 3 (0.16%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 983 (53.42%) Agile Software Development
2 570 (30.98%) DevOps
3 345 (18.75%) Asset Management
4 302 (16.41%) Microservices
5 253 (13.75%) TDD
6 249 (13.53%) Scrum
7 195 (10.60%) Investment Management
8 171 (9.29%) Decision-Making
9 163 (8.86%) Test Automation
10 154 (8.37%) Continuous Integration
11 133 (7.23%) Analytics
12 131 (7.12%) Mentoring
13 121 (6.58%) BDD
14 117 (6.36%) Fintech
15 113 (6.14%) Business Analysis
16 112 (6.09%) Computer Science
17 108 (5.87%) Unit Testing
18 107 (5.82%) Front End Development
18 107 (5.82%) Migration
18 107 (5.82%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 808 (43.91%) Java
2 601 (32.66%) Python
3 527 (28.64%) JavaScript
4 320 (17.39%) SQL
5 291 (15.82%) C#
6 179 (9.73%) C++
7 131 (7.12%) C
8 120 (6.52%) Scala
9 92 (5.00%) Kotlin
10 88 (4.78%) R
11 80 (4.35%) Java 8
12 71 (3.86%) TypeScript
13 63 (3.42%) Go
14 49 (2.66%) PL/SQL
15 46 (2.50%) Ruby
16 44 (2.39%) Bash Shell
17 40 (2.17%) Embedded C
18 39 (2.12%) PowerShell
19 30 (1.63%) Apple Swift
20 29 (1.58%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 230 (12.50%) Security Cleared
2 199 (10.82%) SC Cleared
3 157 (8.53%) Degree
4 41 (2.23%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (0.92%) DV Cleared
6 12 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
6 12 (0.65%) Master's Degree
7 11 (0.60%) SANS
8 9 (0.49%) Cisco Certification
8 9 (0.49%) DBS Check
9 7 (0.38%) CCNA
9 7 (0.38%) PhD
10 5 (0.27%) AWS Certification
11 4 (0.22%) CISSP
11 4 (0.22%) ISTQB
11 4 (0.22%) PMI Certification
11 4 (0.22%) PMP
12 3 (0.16%) CCNP
12 3 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
12 3 (0.16%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 64 (3.48%) QA
2 23 (1.25%) Data Quality
3 10 (0.54%) GDPR
3 10 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 8 (0.43%) MISRA
5 7 (0.38%) MISRA C
6 6 (0.33%) PSD2
7 3 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.16%) WCAG
8 2 (0.11%) Def Stans
8 2 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.11%) DO-178B
8 2 (0.11%) ISO 26262
8 2 (0.11%) JTAG
8 2 (0.11%) MiFID
8 2 (0.11%) SLA
9 1 (0.054%) COBIT
9 1 (0.054%) ECSS
9 1 (0.054%) HL7
9 1 (0.054%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 352 (19.13%) Docker
2 22 (1.20%) Active Directory
3 17 (0.92%) VMware ESXi
4 14 (0.76%) HDFS
4 14 (0.76%) vSphere
5 10 (0.54%) VMware Infrastructure
6 8 (0.43%) Firmware
6 8 (0.43%) VMware NSX
7 7 (0.38%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
9 5 (0.27%) XenApp
10 4 (0.22%) DFS Replication
10 4 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
10 4 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
11 3 (0.16%) GridGain
12 1 (0.054%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 344 (18.70%) Kubernetes
2 216 (11.74%) Terraform
3 103 (5.60%) Ansible
4 56 (3.04%) Puppet
5 40 (2.17%) Prometheus
6 28 (1.52%) Opscode Chef
7 20 (1.09%) Zipkin
8 14 (0.76%) Kibana
9 12 (0.65%) Hadoop YARN
10 11 (0.60%) Grafana
11 9 (0.49%) SCCM
11 9 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
11 9 (0.49%) vCenter Server
12 8 (0.43%) Docker Swarm
12 8 (0.43%) Packer
13 6 (0.33%) Ambari
13 6 (0.33%) Oozie
14 5 (0.27%) Nagios
14 5 (0.27%) vRealize Orchestrator
14 5 (0.27%) WSUS
Vendors
1 186 (10.11%) Google
2 161 (8.75%) Oracle
3 104 (5.65%) Microsoft
4 46 (2.50%) Cloudera
5 41 (2.23%) Splunk
6 32 (1.74%) Bloomberg
7 25 (1.36%) Hortonworks
7 25 (1.36%) SAP
8 24 (1.30%) Atlassian
8 24 (1.30%) MuleSoft
9 22 (1.20%) VMware
10 19 (1.03%) Cisco
10 19 (1.03%) Sybase
11 18 (0.98%) Salesforce.com
12 16 (0.87%) Adobe
12 16 (0.87%) AppDynamics
12 16 (0.87%) Red Hat
13 15 (0.82%) F5
13 15 (0.82%) Tableau
14 14 (0.76%) IBM