Period
to 23 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK > England
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 71 90 229
Rank change year-on-year +19 +139 +216
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,480 2,581 1,106
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.21% 2.73% 1.20%
As % of the Systems Management category 22.02% 18.99% 10.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,769 1,997 886
England median daily rate £575 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +2.44%
10th Percentile £450 £425 £419
90th Percentile £707 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £575 £550 £525
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 2 0
England median hourly rate £35.00 £72.25 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -51.56% - -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £72.25 -
% change year-on-year -51.56% - -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 11,262 13,593 10,681
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.57% 14.38% 11.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,717 9,263 7,208
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +7.95%
10th Percentile £281 £300 £263
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £471
% change year-on-year - +6.10% +9.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 260 377 246
England median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% - -22.22%
10th Percentile £12.44 £12.25 £10.75
90th Percentile £53.93 £47.00 £47.67
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £17.50 £17.75
% change year-on-year +20.00% -1.41% -24.47%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Terraform as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Terraform in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the England region over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +18 1,582 £600 +5.26% 389
North of England -21 238 £525 +5.00% 116
South East +11 199 £545 +3.81% 72
South West +77 190 £579 +15.80% 34
Midlands +81 149 £510 +13.33% 38
North West +1 146 £534 +6.75% 71
East of England +30 112 £525 -4.55% 27
West Midlands +64 105 £525 +10.53% 25
Yorkshire -41 64 £510 +2.00% 32
East Midlands +43 44 £500 +21.95% 13
North East -26 26 £495 -1.00% 13
Terraform
UK

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,981 (79.88%) DevOps
2 1,575 (63.51%) AWS
3 1,273 (51.33%) Ansible
4 1,152 (46.45%) Kubernetes
5 1,151 (46.41%) Docker
6 961 (38.75%) Python
7 956 (38.55%) Linux
8 952 (38.39%) Jenkins
9 866 (34.92%) Agile Software Development
10 764 (30.81%) Azure
11 657 (26.49%) Java
12 627 (25.28%) Infrastructure as Code
13 551 (22.22%) Puppet
14 506 (20.40%) Git (software)
15 445 (17.94%) GCP
16 422 (17.02%) Configuration Management
17 411 (16.57%) Microservices
18 407 (16.41%) Finance
19 397 (16.01%) AWS CloudFormation
20 374 (15.08%) Opscode Chef
21 367 (14.80%) Continuous Integration
22 350 (14.11%) Security Cleared
23 343 (13.83%) Bash Shell
24 313 (12.62%) Migration
25 300 (12.10%) Amazon EC2
26 295 (11.90%) Serverless
27 287 (11.57%) Amazon S3
27 287 (11.57%) JIRA
28 283 (11.41%) SC Cleared
29 267 (10.77%) Web Services

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 180 (7.26%) Confluence
2 107 (4.31%) Elasticsearch
3 98 (3.95%) Apache
3 98 (3.95%) Apache Spark
4 88 (3.55%) nginx
5 44 (1.77%) OpenStack
6 36 (1.45%) Tomcat
7 26 (1.05%) Apache Airflow
8 23 (0.93%) IIS
9 22 (0.89%) Cloud Foundry
10 18 (0.73%) SAS
11 14 (0.56%) JBoss
11 14 (0.56%) Jupyter
11 14 (0.56%) SharePoint
12 8 (0.32%) WebSphere
13 7 (0.28%) Jetty
14 6 (0.24%) Apache Pig
14 6 (0.24%) Drupal
15 5 (0.20%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 5 (0.20%) GemFire
Applications
1 10 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.081%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 11 (0.44%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 6 (0.24%) Magento
3 4 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.081%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.040%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.040%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 1,575 (63.51%) AWS
2 764 (30.81%) Azure
3 445 (17.94%) GCP
4 397 (16.01%) AWS CloudFormation
5 300 (12.10%) Amazon EC2
6 295 (11.90%) Serverless
7 287 (11.57%) Amazon S3
8 257 (10.36%) AWS Lambda
9 210 (8.47%) Amazon ECS
10 188 (7.58%) OpenShift
11 167 (6.73%) GitHub
12 136 (5.48%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 132 (5.32%) PaaS
14 129 (5.20%) IaaS
15 119 (4.80%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 106 (4.27%) Amazon SQS
16 106 (4.27%) Route 53
17 92 (3.71%) Amazon ELB
18 85 (3.43%) Datadog
19 70 (2.82%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 118 (4.76%) Firewall
2 77 (3.10%) VPN
3 61 (2.46%) TCP/IP
4 58 (2.34%) DNS
5 57 (2.30%) HTTP
6 43 (1.73%) SSL
7 35 (1.41%) Network Security
8 24 (0.97%) WAN
9 21 (0.85%) Internet
10 20 (0.81%) Intrusion Detection
11 18 (0.73%) FTP
12 16 (0.65%) Kerberos
13 12 (0.48%) DHCP
14 10 (0.40%) DSL
15 7 (0.28%) VLAN
16 6 (0.24%) Broadband
16 6 (0.24%) SSH
17 5 (0.20%) Cisco ASA
17 5 (0.20%) Cisco IOS
17 5 (0.20%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 230 (9.27%) Amazon RDS
2 216 (8.71%) Big Data
3 123 (4.96%) Hadoop
4 120 (4.84%) MySQL
5 117 (4.72%) PostgreSQL
6 108 (4.35%) Amazon Redshift
7 96 (3.87%) NoSQL
8 84 (3.39%) SQL Server
9 76 (3.06%) Relational Database
10 73 (2.94%) MongoDB
11 64 (2.58%) BigQuery
12 62 (2.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 56 (2.26%) Data Warehouse
14 43 (1.73%) Apache Cassandra
15 38 (1.53%) Redis
16 31 (1.25%) RDBMS
17 24 (0.97%) Amazon Athena
18 22 (0.89%) Data Lake
19 20 (0.81%) Apache Hive
20 17 (0.69%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 952 (38.39%) Jenkins
2 506 (20.40%) Git (software)
3 287 (11.57%) JIRA
4 178 (7.18%) GitLab
5 146 (5.89%) Artifactory
6 118 (4.76%) Bitbucket
7 98 (3.95%) Sonatype Nexus
8 91 (3.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 89 (3.59%) CircleCI
10 80 (3.23%) Visual Studio Team System
11 72 (2.90%) SonarQube
12 69 (2.78%) Maven
13 64 (2.58%) TeamCity
14 61 (2.46%) Selenium
15 52 (2.10%) Travis CI
16 45 (1.81%) Vagrant
17 41 (1.65%) Cucumber
18 38 (1.53%) RStudio
19 37 (1.49%) Gradle
20 32 (1.29%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 407 (16.41%) Finance
2 124 (5.00%) Public Sector
3 123 (4.96%) Banking
4 78 (3.15%) Retail
5 47 (1.90%) Front Office
6 39 (1.57%) Telecoms
7 27 (1.09%) Law
8 22 (0.89%) Marketing
9 21 (0.85%) Financial Institution
10 19 (0.77%) Games
11 16 (0.65%) Manufacturing
12 15 (0.60%) Investment Banking
13 13 (0.52%) Publishing
14 12 (0.48%) Legal
15 10 (0.40%) Billing
16 9 (0.36%) Advertising
16 9 (0.36%) Electronics
17 8 (0.32%) Retail Banking
18 5 (0.20%) Automotive
18 5 (0.20%) Police
Job Titles
1 1,283 (51.73%) DevOps Engineer
2 507 (20.44%) AWS Engineer
3 399 (16.09%) AWS DevOps
4 348 (14.03%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 318 (12.82%) Developer
6 289 (11.65%) Cloud Engineer
7 183 (7.38%) Azure Engineer
8 163 (6.57%) Senior DevOps
9 151 (6.09%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 143 (5.77%) Kubernetes Engineer
11 140 (5.65%) Architect
12 136 (5.48%) Azure DevOps
13 122 (4.92%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 104 (4.19%) Java Developer
15 98 (3.95%) Data Engineer
15 98 (3.95%) Platform Engineer
16 91 (3.67%) AWS Developer
17 87 (3.51%) Consultant
18 81 (3.27%) Python Engineer
19 75 (3.02%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 267 (10.77%) Web Services
2 232 (9.35%) Node.js
3 186 (7.50%) Kafka
4 125 (5.04%) .NET
5 107 (4.31%) Elastic Stack
6 98 (3.95%) AngularJS
7 87 (3.51%) Spring
8 83 (3.35%) J2EE
9 82 (3.31%) React
10 60 (2.42%) JSON
11 59 (2.38%) REST
12 57 (2.30%) RESTful
13 48 (1.94%) Spring Boot
14 39 (1.57%) RabbitMQ
15 34 (1.37%) CSS
16 29 (1.17%) LDAP
17 28 (1.13%) HTML
18 27 (1.09%) OAuth
18 27 (1.09%) Vue.js
19 25 (1.01%) PySpark
Miscellaneous
1 134 (5.40%) Greenfield Project
1 134 (5.40%) Public Cloud
2 106 (4.27%) Data Centre
3 95 (3.83%) Cloud Native
4 74 (2.98%) Linux Command Line
5 47 (1.90%) Fixed Income
6 42 (1.69%) Analytical Skills
7 39 (1.57%) Hybrid Cloud
8 34 (1.37%) Mobile App
9 30 (1.21%) PKI
10 26 (1.05%) Enterprise Software
11 22 (0.89%) Self-Motivation
12 21 (0.85%) Clustering
13 20 (0.81%) Data Structures
14 19 (0.77%) Private Cloud
15 18 (0.73%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 18 (0.73%) Replication
16 17 (0.69%) User Experience
17 16 (0.65%) Derivative
18 13 (0.52%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 956 (38.55%) Linux
2 245 (9.88%) Windows
3 187 (7.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 123 (4.96%) Unix
5 114 (4.60%) CentOS
6 63 (2.54%) Ubuntu
7 50 (2.02%) Windows Server
8 19 (0.77%) Android
8 19 (0.77%) Apple iOS
8 19 (0.77%) CoreOS
9 11 (0.44%) Debian
10 10 (0.40%) VMS
11 6 (0.24%) Mesosphere
11 6 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
12 5 (0.20%) Windows 10
12 5 (0.20%) Windows Server 2003
13 3 (0.12%) DC/OS
13 3 (0.12%) Solaris
14 2 (0.081%) Amazon Linux
15 1 (0.040%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,981 (79.88%) DevOps
2 866 (34.92%) Agile Software Development
3 627 (25.28%) Infrastructure as Code
4 422 (17.02%) Configuration Management
5 411 (16.57%) Microservices
6 367 (14.80%) Continuous Integration
7 313 (12.62%) Migration
8 257 (10.36%) Scrum
9 232 (9.35%) Software Engineering
10 207 (8.35%) Open Source
11 164 (6.61%) Test Automation
12 155 (6.25%) Continuous Delivery
12 155 (6.25%) TDD
13 140 (5.65%) DevSecOps
14 126 (5.08%) Site Reliability Engineering
15 123 (4.96%) Kanban
16 113 (4.56%) Analytics
17 106 (4.27%) Deployment Automation
18 95 (3.83%) Problem-Solving
19 93 (3.75%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 961 (38.75%) Python
2 657 (26.49%) Java
3 343 (13.83%) Bash Shell
4 243 (9.80%) JavaScript
5 220 (8.87%) PowerShell
5 220 (8.87%) Ruby
6 204 (8.23%) Go
7 184 (7.42%) SQL
8 121 (4.88%) Shell Script
9 92 (3.71%) Scala
10 81 (3.27%) Java 8
11 79 (3.19%) Groovy
12 75 (3.02%) C#
13 70 (2.82%) PHP
14 65 (2.62%) Perl
15 52 (2.10%) TypeScript
16 27 (1.09%) ES6
17 22 (0.89%) R
18 17 (0.69%) C
19 13 (0.52%) Rust
Qualifications
1 350 (14.11%) Security Cleared
2 283 (11.41%) SC Cleared
3 125 (5.04%) AWS Certification
4 57 (2.30%) Degree
5 34 (1.37%) Microsoft Certification
6 25 (1.01%) MCSA
7 22 (0.89%) Computer Science Degree
8 16 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
9 14 (0.56%) RHCE
10 13 (0.52%) DBS Check
10 13 (0.52%) RHCSA
11 9 (0.36%) CTC Cleared
12 8 (0.32%) CCA
13 7 (0.28%) DV Cleared
13 7 (0.28%) Master's Degree
14 6 (0.24%) ISEB
14 6 (0.24%) ISTQB
14 6 (0.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 5 (0.20%) CISSP
16 4 (0.16%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (2.14%) QA
2 13 (0.52%) GDPR
3 12 (0.48%) NIST
4 11 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 10 (0.40%) NCSC
6 6 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
7 5 (0.20%) Data Quality
8 4 (0.16%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.12%) NIST 800
9 3 (0.12%) SLA
10 1 (0.040%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 1 (0.040%) PMO
10 1 (0.040%) PSD2
10 1 (0.040%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,151 (46.41%) Docker
2 92 (3.71%) Active Directory
3 44 (1.77%) VMware Infrastructure
4 42 (1.69%) Virtual Machines
5 23 (0.93%) Hyper-V
6 11 (0.44%) HDFS
7 10 (0.40%) PowerDNS
7 10 (0.40%) VirtualBox
8 8 (0.32%) XenApp
9 7 (0.28%) vCloud
10 6 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 6 (0.24%) Virtual Desktop
11 5 (0.20%) KVM
11 5 (0.20%) Microsoft App-V
11 5 (0.20%) Snort
11 5 (0.20%) XenDesktop
12 4 (0.16%) Apache Flume
12 4 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
12 4 (0.16%) vSphere
13 3 (0.12%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,273 (51.33%) Ansible
2 1,152 (46.45%) Kubernetes
3 551 (22.22%) Puppet
4 374 (15.08%) Opscode Chef
5 219 (8.83%) Packer
6 151 (6.09%) Consul
7 101 (4.07%) Prometheus
8 78 (3.15%) Grafana
9 52 (2.10%) Docker Swarm
10 49 (1.98%) Salt
11 43 (1.73%) Kibana
12 37 (1.49%) Nagios
13 35 (1.41%) logstash
14 25 (1.01%) Mesos
15 24 (0.97%) Graphite
16 23 (0.93%) Rancher
16 23 (0.93%) ZABBIX
17 20 (0.81%) Istio
18 19 (0.77%) Single Sign-On
19 15 (0.60%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 247 (9.96%) Google
2 144 (5.81%) Red Hat
3 138 (5.56%) Microsoft
4 125 (5.04%) Splunk
5 73 (2.94%) VMware
6 67 (2.70%) Cloudera
7 61 (2.46%) Atlassian
8 60 (2.42%) New Relic
9 57 (2.30%) Oracle
10 38 (1.53%) Hortonworks
11 29 (1.17%) SaltStack
12 27 (1.09%) IBM
13 22 (0.89%) AppDynamics
14 21 (0.85%) Databricks
15 19 (0.77%) Veracode
16 16 (0.65%) MuleSoft
17 15 (0.60%) F5
18 14 (0.56%) Ping Identity
18 14 (0.56%) SAP
18 14 (0.56%) ServiceNow