Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK > England
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 36 47 71
Rank change year-on-year +11 +24 +16
Contract jobs citing Terraform 4,003 1,677 2,140
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.84% 4.90% 3.25%
As % of the Systems Management category 36.11% 29.72% 22.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,051 1,315 1,566
10th Percentile £463 £400 £450
25th Percentile £513 £458 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £575
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% -8.70% +4.55%
75th Percentile £675 £600 £650
90th Percentile £738 £675 £711
UK median daily rate £575 £525 £575
% change year-on-year +9.52% -8.70% +4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 4 2
10th Percentile £53.75 £26.35 £26.28
25th Percentile £56.38 £34.00 £29.69
Median hourly rate £65.50 £40.75 £36.25
Median % change year-on-year +60.74% +12.41% -59.72%
75th Percentile £79.06 £44.94 £43.69
90th Percentile £81.25 £50.23 £47.63
UK median hourly rate £66.50 £40.00 £36.25
% change year-on-year +66.25% +10.34% -29.27%

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 11,086 5,643 9,664
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 16.16% 16.50% 14.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,113 3,993 6,722
10th Percentile £357 £313 £263
25th Percentile £463 £406 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £576 £598
90th Percentile £725 £650 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 164 118 240
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.74 £12.44
25th Percentile £15.50 £15.82 £14.00
Median hourly rate £20.00 £23.50 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year -14.89% +34.29% -
75th Percentile £40.00 £49.38 £26.81
90th Percentile £63.35 £61.25 £47.00
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £25.50 £18.00
% change year-on-year -21.57% +41.67% +2.86%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the England region over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +14 2,646 £600 +14.29% 598
North of England +4 340 £544 +8.80% 149
South East -2 260 £575 +15.00% 93
North West -2 188 £550 +8.64% 85
South West -20 124 £538 +16.22% 48
Midlands +18 120 £550 +22.22% 77
Yorkshire +9 114 £525 +14.50% 47
East of England +4 104 £600 +29.73% 64
West Midlands +10 99 £550 +22.22% 59
North East +6 42 £525 +0.96% 17
East Midlands -25 15 £515 +24.85% 16
Terraform
UK

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 2,631 (65.73%) DevOps
2 2,286 (57.11%) AWS
3 2,085 (52.09%) CI/CD
4 1,898 (47.41%) Kubernetes
5 1,646 (41.12%) Docker
6 1,613 (40.29%) Azure
7 1,291 (32.25%) Python
8 1,247 (31.15%) Agile Software Development
9 1,218 (30.43%) Infrastructure as Code
10 1,212 (30.28%) Ansible
11 1,098 (27.43%) Jenkins
12 993 (24.81%) Linux
13 780 (19.49%) Finance
14 756 (18.89%) Java
15 750 (18.74%) GCP
16 650 (16.24%) Serverless
17 602 (15.04%) AWS CloudFormation
18 600 (14.99%) JavaScript
19 578 (14.44%) Microservices
20 566 (14.14%) Bash
21 556 (13.89%) PowerShell
22 553 (13.81%) Git (software)
23 498 (12.44%) Microsoft
24 458 (11.44%) GitLab
25 453 (11.32%) GitHub
26 451 (11.27%) Security Cleared
27 450 (11.24%) Software Engineering
28 440 (10.99%) Social Skills
29 416 (10.39%) Migration
30 415 (10.37%) AWS Lambda

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (3.20%) Confluence
2 120 (3.00%) Elasticsearch
3 119 (2.97%) Apache Spark
4 104 (2.60%) nginx
5 96 (2.40%) Apache
6 68 (1.70%) Apache Airflow
7 46 (1.15%) OpenStack
8 40 (1.00%) IIS
9 38 (0.95%) Tomcat
10 25 (0.62%) SharePoint
11 23 (0.57%) WebLogic
12 18 (0.45%) JBoss
12 18 (0.45%) Traefik
13 15 (0.37%) Jupyter
13 15 (0.37%) WebSphere
14 14 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
15 9 (0.22%) Appian
16 7 (0.17%) Apache Pulsar
17 6 (0.15%) MS Exchange
18 5 (0.12%) CMS
Applications
1 30 (0.75%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.075%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 35 (0.87%) Sentinel
2 12 (0.30%) Cloudability
2 12 (0.30%) TIBCO iProcess
3 7 (0.17%) Shopify
4 6 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.050%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.050%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.025%) JDE OneWorld
6 1 (0.025%) Magento
6 1 (0.025%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.025%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 2,286 (57.11%) AWS
2 1,613 (40.29%) Azure
3 750 (18.74%) GCP
4 650 (16.24%) Serverless
5 602 (15.04%) AWS CloudFormation
6 453 (11.32%) GitHub
7 415 (10.37%) AWS Lambda
8 371 (9.27%) PaaS
9 318 (7.94%) Amazon S3
10 285 (7.12%) Amazon EC2
11 263 (6.57%) Amazon EKS
12 262 (6.55%) IaaS
13 240 (6.00%) Amazon ECS
14 190 (4.75%) Amazon SQS
15 164 (4.10%) SaaS
16 146 (3.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 140 (3.50%) AWS Step Functions
18 133 (3.32%) Azure Active Directory
19 123 (3.07%) Azure Monitor
20 120 (3.00%) GitHub Actions
Communications & Networking
1 171 (4.27%) DNS
2 136 (3.40%) Firewall
3 97 (2.42%) VPN
4 78 (1.95%) Network Security
5 71 (1.77%) TCP/IP
6 54 (1.35%) Internet
7 51 (1.27%) SSL
8 47 (1.17%) BGP
9 41 (1.02%) HTTP
10 34 (0.85%) WAN
11 33 (0.82%) Reverse Proxy
12 23 (0.57%) DHCP
13 19 (0.47%) SAN
14 17 (0.42%) Kerberos
15 14 (0.35%) FTP
15 14 (0.35%) LAN
15 14 (0.35%) VLAN
16 13 (0.32%) HTTPS
16 13 (0.32%) IPsec
16 13 (0.32%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 251 (6.27%) Amazon RDS
2 220 (5.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 174 (4.35%) PostgreSQL
4 148 (3.70%) Big Data
5 125 (3.12%) NoSQL
5 125 (3.12%) SQL Server
6 122 (3.05%) MongoDB
7 116 (2.90%) MySQL
8 85 (2.12%) Amazon Redshift
9 83 (2.07%) Data Lake
10 81 (2.02%) Hadoop
11 67 (1.67%) BigQuery
12 62 (1.55%) Relational Database
13 48 (1.20%) Data Warehouse
14 45 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
15 42 (1.05%) Amazon Athena
16 39 (0.97%) Redis
17 30 (0.75%) Azure SQL Database
18 27 (0.67%) Amazon Aurora
18 27 (0.67%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,098 (27.43%) Jenkins
2 553 (13.81%) Git (software)
3 458 (11.44%) GitLab
4 231 (5.77%) JIRA
5 227 (5.67%) Maven
6 182 (4.55%) TeamCity
7 165 (4.12%) CircleCI
8 150 (3.75%) Gradle
9 141 (3.52%) SonarQube
10 134 (3.35%) Sonatype Nexus
11 114 (2.85%) Terragrunt
12 105 (2.62%) Artifactory
13 92 (2.30%) Bitbucket
14 80 (2.00%) Cucumber
15 76 (1.90%) Selenium
16 52 (1.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 48 (1.20%) Spinnaker
18 35 (0.87%) gulp
19 34 (0.85%) Octopus Deploy
20 32 (0.80%) JUnit
General
1 780 (19.49%) Finance
2 440 (10.99%) Social Skills
3 296 (7.39%) Public Sector
4 206 (5.15%) Front Office
5 155 (3.87%) Banking
6 129 (3.22%) Retail
7 111 (2.77%) Analytical Skills
8 85 (2.12%) Financial Institution
9 80 (2.00%) Legal
10 49 (1.22%) Telecoms
11 45 (1.12%) Presentation Skills
12 37 (0.92%) Investment Banking
13 35 (0.87%) Games
14 33 (0.82%) Marketing
15 31 (0.77%) Documentation Skills
16 30 (0.75%) Law
16 30 (0.75%) Manufacturing
17 23 (0.57%) Electronics
18 22 (0.55%) Back Office
19 18 (0.45%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,382 (34.52%) DevOps Engineer
2 725 (18.11%) AWS Engineer
3 592 (14.79%) Developer
4 425 (10.62%) Azure Engineer
5 412 (10.29%) AWS DevOps
6 399 (9.97%) Architect
7 355 (8.87%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 328 (8.19%) Cloud Engineer
9 238 (5.95%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 206 (5.15%) Platform Engineer
11 199 (4.97%) Software Engineer
12 175 (4.37%) Azure DevOps
13 166 (4.15%) Cloud Architect
14 145 (3.62%) Site Reliability Engineer
15 139 (3.47%) Data Engineer
16 134 (3.35%) Java Developer
17 130 (3.25%) Azure Architect
17 130 (3.25%) Senior DevOps
18 128 (3.20%) Consultant
19 112 (2.80%) Site Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 372 (9.29%) Node.js
2 359 (8.97%) React
3 303 (7.57%) Kafka
4 209 (5.22%) .NET
5 186 (4.65%) Spring
6 162 (4.05%) REST
7 132 (3.30%) CSS
7 132 (3.30%) Spring Boot
8 128 (3.20%) HTML
9 121 (3.02%) ARM Templates
10 118 (2.95%) Material-UI
11 103 (2.57%) Elastic Stack
12 101 (2.52%) AngularJS
13 99 (2.47%) YAML
14 94 (2.35%) JSON
15 63 (1.57%) .NET Core
16 51 (1.27%) RESTful
17 50 (1.25%) GraphQL
18 47 (1.17%) RabbitMQ
19 46 (1.15%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 302 (7.54%) Public Cloud
2 266 (6.65%) Cloud Native
3 119 (2.97%) Hedge funds
4 114 (2.85%) Data Protection Act
5 110 (2.75%) Data Centre
6 109 (2.72%) Greenfield Project
7 69 (1.72%) Hybrid Cloud
7 69 (1.72%) User Experience
8 64 (1.60%) Equities
9 63 (1.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 63 (1.57%) Linux Command Line
10 57 (1.42%) Fixed Income
11 45 (1.12%) NHS
12 44 (1.10%) PKI
13 43 (1.07%) Enterprise Cloud
13 43 (1.07%) iPad
14 42 (1.05%) Private Cloud
15 40 (1.00%) Management Information System
16 35 (0.87%) Derivative
17 33 (0.82%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 993 (24.81%) Linux
2 402 (10.04%) Windows
3 188 (4.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 149 (3.72%) Unix
5 98 (2.45%) Windows Server
6 79 (1.97%) CentOS
7 51 (1.27%) Ubuntu
8 34 (0.85%) Debian
9 26 (0.65%) Windows Server 2019
10 18 (0.45%) Windows Server 2016
11 17 (0.42%) Mac OS
12 16 (0.40%) Amazon Linux
12 16 (0.40%) Oracle Linux
13 15 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
14 14 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
15 12 (0.30%) Mesosphere
15 12 (0.30%) VMS
16 5 (0.12%) Solaris
17 3 (0.075%) SUSE
17 3 (0.075%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,631 (65.73%) DevOps
2 2,085 (52.09%) CI/CD
3 1,247 (31.15%) Agile Software Development
4 1,218 (30.43%) Infrastructure as Code
5 578 (14.44%) Microservices
6 450 (11.24%) Software Engineering
7 416 (10.39%) Migration
8 390 (9.74%) Configuration Management
9 354 (8.84%) Site Reliability Engineering
10 332 (8.29%) Full Stack Development
11 319 (7.97%) Continuous Integration
12 289 (7.22%) Scrum
13 272 (6.79%) TDD
14 265 (6.62%) Analytics
15 263 (6.57%) Open Source
16 261 (6.52%) Test Automation
17 215 (5.37%) Problem-Solving
18 210 (5.25%) Data Protection
19 192 (4.80%) Asset Management
20 188 (4.70%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,291 (32.25%) Python
2 756 (18.89%) Java
3 600 (14.99%) JavaScript
4 566 (14.14%) Bash
5 556 (13.89%) PowerShell
6 411 (10.27%) SQL
7 314 (7.84%) TypeScript
8 259 (6.47%) C#
9 258 (6.45%) Go
10 176 (4.40%) Ruby
11 137 (3.42%) Groovy
12 110 (2.75%) Scala
13 100 (2.50%) Shell Script
14 54 (1.35%) C
15 51 (1.27%) Perl
15 51 (1.27%) PHP
16 37 (0.92%) Java 8
17 34 (0.85%) C++
18 33 (0.82%) Kotlin
19 24 (0.60%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 451 (11.27%) Security Cleared
2 386 (9.64%) SC Cleared
3 152 (3.80%) AWS Certification
4 113 (2.82%) Degree
5 56 (1.40%) DV Cleared
6 42 (1.05%) BPSS Clearance
7 40 (1.00%) Computer Science Degree
8 38 (0.95%) RHCE
9 26 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
10 19 (0.47%) CISSP
11 18 (0.45%) Cisco Certification
12 9 (0.22%) MCSE
13 8 (0.20%) CCIE
14 6 (0.15%) CCNP
15 4 (0.100%) CCNA
16 3 (0.075%) RHCSA
16 3 (0.075%) TOGAF Certification
16 3 (0.075%) VCP6
16 3 (0.075%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
17 2 (0.050%) (ISC)2 CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 91 (2.27%) GDPR
2 83 (2.07%) QA
3 43 (1.07%) Accessibility
4 30 (0.75%) SLA
5 21 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 21 (0.52%) NCSC
6 10 (0.25%) NIST
7 6 (0.15%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
9 4 (0.100%) Data Quality
9 4 (0.100%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 4 (0.100%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.050%) SOC 2
11 1 (0.025%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.025%) IFRS
11 1 (0.025%) IFRS 9
11 1 (0.025%) ISO 9000
11 1 (0.025%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 1 (0.025%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 1 (0.025%) SOC 1
System Software
1 1,646 (41.12%) Docker
2 228 (5.70%) Active Directory
3 129 (3.22%) VMware Infrastructure
4 71 (1.77%) Virtual Machines
5 47 (1.17%) Hyper-V
6 22 (0.55%) Virtual Desktop
7 20 (0.50%) vSphere
8 19 (0.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 19 (0.47%) NFS
9 17 (0.42%) vCloud
9 17 (0.42%) VMware ESXi
10 13 (0.32%) VMware NSX
11 12 (0.30%) Microsoft App-V
12 6 (0.15%) HDFS
13 5 (0.12%) Firmware
13 5 (0.12%) KVM
14 4 (0.100%) VirtualBox
15 3 (0.075%) Apache Flume
15 3 (0.075%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 3 (0.075%) LXC
Systems Management
1 1,898 (47.41%) Kubernetes
2 1,212 (30.28%) Ansible
3 350 (8.74%) Puppet
4 271 (6.77%) Prometheus
5 258 (6.45%) Opscode Chef
6 208 (5.20%) Grafana
7 152 (3.80%) Packer
8 97 (2.42%) Docker Swarm
9 90 (2.25%) Consul
10 88 (2.20%) Istio
11 62 (1.55%) ZABBIX
12 56 (1.40%) Nagios
13 46 (1.15%) Kibana
14 40 (1.00%) HAProxy
15 31 (0.77%) Rancher
16 29 (0.72%) Salt
17 24 (0.60%) logstash
18 20 (0.50%) Netcool
19 18 (0.45%) Icinga
20 17 (0.42%) Graphite
Vendors
1 498 (12.44%) Microsoft
2 285 (7.12%) Google
3 195 (4.87%) VMware
4 159 (3.97%) Red Hat
5 156 (3.90%) Splunk
6 99 (2.47%) Databricks
7 88 (2.20%) Oracle
8 69 (1.72%) AppDynamics
9 49 (1.22%) Cisco
10 47 (1.17%) New Relic
11 38 (0.95%) Atlassian
12 35 (0.87%) SAP
13 31 (0.77%) PagerDuty
14 30 (0.75%) NetApp
15 27 (0.67%) Citrix
15 27 (0.67%) Dynatrace
16 25 (0.62%) IBM
17 24 (0.60%) ServiceNow
18 23 (0.57%) F5
19 22 (0.55%) Dell