Period
to 21 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 21 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 68 83 193
Rank change year-on-year +15 +110 +172
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,162 2,680 1,310
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.26% 2.96% 1.44%
As % of the Systems Management category 22.50% 19.80% 11.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,576 2,022 1,056
England median daily rate £575 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% - +6.54%
10th Percentile £450 £425 £425
90th Percentile £700 £675 £660
UK median daily rate £575 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +4.55% - +7.32%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 3 0
England median hourly rate £35.00 £90.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -61.11% - -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £90.00 -
% change year-on-year -61.11% - -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 9,610 13,534 10,955
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.49% 14.94% 12.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,532 9,126 7,539
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £263 £313 £270
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 261 337 243
England median hourly rate £18.00 £17.50 £17.14
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.13% -14.33%
10th Percentile £12.44 £12.25 £10.90
90th Percentile £50.25 £47.13 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £19.50 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +11.43% - -12.50%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Terraform as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Terraform in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the England region over the 6 months to 21 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 1,311 £600 +4.35% 413
North of England -2 252 £525 - 111
South East +63 203 £540 +1.89% 62
South West +61 164 £575 +4.55% 22
North West +1 151 £550 - 58
Midlands +45 136 £500 - 57
East of England +29 96 £525 -4.55% 51
West Midlands +46 95 £523 +4.50% 40
Yorkshire +5 75 £515 +3.00% 40
East Midlands +25 40 £450 -5.26% 17
North East -23 26 £365 -30.48% 13
Terraform
UK

For the 6 months to 21 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,685 (77.94%) DevOps
2 1,279 (59.16%) AWS
3 1,065 (49.26%) Kubernetes
4 1,026 (47.46%) Ansible
5 1,018 (47.09%) Docker
6 832 (38.48%) Python
7 816 (37.74%) Jenkins
8 782 (36.17%) Azure
9 757 (35.01%) Agile Software Development
10 734 (33.95%) Linux
11 539 (24.93%) Infrastructure as Code
12 524 (24.24%) Java
13 460 (21.28%) Puppet
14 408 (18.87%) GCP
15 397 (18.36%) Git (software)
16 356 (16.47%) Microservices
17 349 (16.14%) Configuration Management
18 348 (16.10%) AWS CloudFormation
19 333 (15.40%) Security Cleared
20 322 (14.89%) Opscode Chef
21 309 (14.29%) Finance
22 285 (13.18%) Continuous Integration
23 280 (12.95%) Migration
24 272 (12.58%) Bash Shell
25 271 (12.53%) SC Cleared
26 239 (11.05%) JIRA
27 237 (10.96%) Amazon EC2
28 229 (10.59%) PowerShell
28 229 (10.59%) Windows
29 225 (10.41%) Node.js

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 145 (6.71%) Confluence
2 82 (3.79%) Elasticsearch
3 77 (3.56%) nginx
4 75 (3.47%) Apache Spark
5 61 (2.82%) OpenStack
6 52 (2.41%) Apache
7 30 (1.39%) Tomcat
8 27 (1.25%) Apache Airflow
9 26 (1.20%) Cloud Foundry
10 19 (0.88%) JBoss
11 18 (0.83%) IIS
12 14 (0.65%) Jupyter
13 13 (0.60%) SAS
14 10 (0.46%) WebSphere
15 5 (0.23%) SharePoint
16 4 (0.19%) GemFire
16 4 (0.19%) Jetty
16 4 (0.19%) Mongrel
17 3 (0.14%) Drupal
17 3 (0.14%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 2 (0.093%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.046%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.046%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 11 (0.51%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 7 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
3 4 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
3 4 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.14%) Eikon
5 1 (0.046%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 1,279 (59.16%) AWS
2 782 (36.17%) Azure
3 408 (18.87%) GCP
4 348 (16.10%) AWS CloudFormation
5 237 (10.96%) Amazon EC2
6 213 (9.85%) Serverless
7 200 (9.25%) Amazon S3
8 183 (8.46%) AWS Lambda
9 173 (8.00%) OpenShift
10 161 (7.45%) GitHub
11 144 (6.66%) Amazon ECS
12 140 (6.48%) PaaS
13 116 (5.37%) IaaS
14 89 (4.12%) Amazon SQS
15 88 (4.07%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 82 (3.79%) Route 53
17 74 (3.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 69 (3.19%) Amazon ELB
19 60 (2.78%) Amazon EKS
19 60 (2.78%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 96 (4.44%) Firewall
2 81 (3.75%) DNS
3 71 (3.28%) VPN
4 61 (2.82%) HTTP
5 60 (2.78%) TCP/IP
6 49 (2.27%) SSL
7 24 (1.11%) Kerberos
8 18 (0.83%) DHCP
9 16 (0.74%) FTP
10 14 (0.65%) Internet
11 12 (0.56%) Network Security
12 10 (0.46%) DSL
12 10 (0.46%) IPsec
13 8 (0.37%) Reverse Proxy
13 8 (0.37%) SAN
13 8 (0.37%) VLAN
13 8 (0.37%) WAN
14 6 (0.28%) Cisco ASA
14 6 (0.28%) Cisco IOS
14 6 (0.28%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 153 (7.08%) Amazon RDS
2 138 (6.38%) Big Data
3 100 (4.63%) Amazon Redshift
4 92 (4.26%) PostgreSQL
5 91 (4.21%) Hadoop
5 91 (4.21%) MySQL
6 82 (3.79%) NoSQL
7 61 (2.82%) BigQuery
8 57 (2.64%) MongoDB
9 55 (2.54%) SQL Server
10 49 (2.27%) Relational Database
11 48 (2.22%) Data Warehouse
12 43 (1.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 26 (1.20%) Apache Cassandra
13 26 (1.20%) Data Lake
13 26 (1.20%) Redis
14 22 (1.02%) Pentaho
15 21 (0.97%) Amazon Athena
15 21 (0.97%) Apache Hive
16 18 (0.83%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 816 (37.74%) Jenkins
2 397 (18.36%) Git (software)
3 239 (11.05%) JIRA
4 156 (7.22%) GitLab
5 131 (6.06%) Artifactory
6 92 (4.26%) CircleCI
7 84 (3.89%) Sonatype Nexus
8 76 (3.52%) Bitbucket
8 76 (3.52%) SonarQube
9 70 (3.24%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 64 (2.96%) Visual Studio Team System
11 59 (2.73%) Selenium
12 57 (2.64%) Maven
13 55 (2.54%) TeamCity
14 42 (1.94%) Octopus Deploy
15 41 (1.90%) Cucumber
16 40 (1.85%) Travis CI
16 40 (1.85%) Vagrant
17 39 (1.80%) Gradle
18 37 (1.71%) RStudio
General
1 309 (14.29%) Finance
2 131 (6.06%) Public Sector
3 116 (5.37%) Banking
4 70 (3.24%) Front Office
5 59 (2.73%) Retail
6 31 (1.43%) Investment Banking
6 31 (1.43%) Telecoms
7 26 (1.20%) Marketing
8 17 (0.79%) Manufacturing
9 16 (0.74%) Law
10 15 (0.69%) Games
11 12 (0.56%) Electronics
12 11 (0.51%) Publishing
13 10 (0.46%) Billing
14 8 (0.37%) Legal
15 6 (0.28%) Automotive
16 5 (0.23%) Financial Institution
16 5 (0.23%) Police
16 5 (0.23%) Retail Banking
17 4 (0.19%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 1,109 (51.30%) DevOps Engineer
2 422 (19.52%) AWS Engineer
3 348 (16.10%) AWS DevOps
4 309 (14.29%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 266 (12.30%) Developer
6 198 (9.16%) Azure Engineer
7 185 (8.56%) Cloud Engineer
8 163 (7.54%) Senior DevOps
9 150 (6.94%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 136 (6.29%) Kubernetes Engineer
11 131 (6.06%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 121 (5.60%) Architect
13 101 (4.67%) Platform Engineer
14 88 (4.07%) Azure DevOps
15 84 (3.89%) Python Engineer
16 82 (3.79%) Java Developer
17 81 (3.75%) Data Engineer
18 71 (3.28%) Consultant
19 67 (3.10%) AWS Developer
19 67 (3.10%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 225 (10.41%) Node.js
2 218 (10.08%) Web Services
3 115 (5.32%) .NET
4 105 (4.86%) Elastic Stack
4 105 (4.86%) Kafka
5 88 (4.07%) React
6 72 (3.33%) AngularJS
7 65 (3.01%) Spring
8 64 (2.96%) J2EE
9 51 (2.36%) JSON
10 46 (2.13%) REST
11 44 (2.04%) Spring Boot
12 43 (1.99%) Redux
13 41 (1.90%) RESTful
14 37 (1.71%) J2SE
15 30 (1.39%) CSS
15 30 (1.39%) RabbitMQ
16 29 (1.34%) GraphQL
17 27 (1.25%) Vue.js
18 24 (1.11%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 143 (6.61%) Greenfield Project
2 115 (5.32%) Public Cloud
3 79 (3.65%) Cloud Native
4 74 (3.42%) Data Centre
5 68 (3.15%) Fixed Income
6 61 (2.82%) Linux Command Line
7 57 (2.64%) Analytical Skills
8 49 (2.27%) Derivative
9 41 (1.90%) Equities
10 34 (1.57%) Hybrid Cloud
11 29 (1.34%) Self-Motivation
12 26 (1.20%) Enterprise Software
13 23 (1.06%) Algorithms
13 23 (1.06%) Mobile App
14 21 (0.97%) Blog
14 21 (0.97%) Data Structures
15 20 (0.93%) PKI
16 19 (0.88%) User Experience
17 18 (0.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 17 (0.79%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 734 (33.95%) Linux
2 229 (10.59%) Windows
3 139 (6.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 91 (4.21%) Unix
5 89 (4.12%) CentOS
6 83 (3.84%) Ubuntu
7 48 (2.22%) Windows Server
8 22 (1.02%) CoreOS
9 18 (0.83%) Debian
10 12 (0.56%) Android
10 12 (0.56%) Apple iOS
11 10 (0.46%) VMS
12 9 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
13 7 (0.32%) Mac OS
14 5 (0.23%) Solaris
14 5 (0.23%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.14%) DC/OS
15 3 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
16 1 (0.046%) Mesosphere
16 1 (0.046%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,685 (77.94%) DevOps
2 757 (35.01%) Agile Software Development
3 539 (24.93%) Infrastructure as Code
4 356 (16.47%) Microservices
5 349 (16.14%) Configuration Management
6 285 (13.18%) Continuous Integration
7 280 (12.95%) Migration
8 208 (9.62%) Software Engineering
9 170 (7.86%) Open Source
10 163 (7.54%) Test Automation
11 154 (7.12%) Scrum
12 133 (6.15%) Continuous Delivery
13 122 (5.64%) DevSecOps
14 120 (5.55%) TDD
15 119 (5.50%) Site Reliability Engineering
16 96 (4.44%) Analytics
17 90 (4.16%) Kanban
18 85 (3.93%) Fintech
18 85 (3.93%) Infrastructure Automation
19 84 (3.89%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 832 (38.48%) Python
2 524 (24.24%) Java
3 272 (12.58%) Bash Shell
4 229 (10.59%) PowerShell
5 214 (9.90%) JavaScript
6 203 (9.39%) Ruby
7 163 (7.54%) SQL
8 159 (7.35%) Go
9 90 (4.16%) C#
10 82 (3.79%) Groovy
11 81 (3.75%) Shell Script
12 70 (3.24%) Scala
13 66 (3.05%) TypeScript
14 63 (2.91%) Perl
15 60 (2.78%) PHP
16 54 (2.50%) R
17 48 (2.22%) Java 8
18 22 (1.02%) Kotlin
19 19 (0.88%) ES6
20 16 (0.74%) C
Qualifications
1 333 (15.40%) Security Cleared
2 271 (12.53%) SC Cleared
3 71 (3.28%) AWS Certification
4 50 (2.31%) Degree
5 40 (1.85%) Microsoft Certification
6 31 (1.43%) MCSA
7 19 (0.88%) Computer Science Degree
8 17 (0.79%) BPSS Clearance
9 14 (0.65%) RHCE
10 13 (0.60%) RHCSA
11 12 (0.56%) DBS Check
12 11 (0.51%) Cisco Certification
13 9 (0.42%) DV Cleared
14 6 (0.28%) CCA
14 6 (0.28%) CCNP
14 6 (0.28%) CTC Cleared
14 6 (0.28%) Master's Degree
14 6 (0.28%) MCSE
15 5 (0.23%) CCNA
16 4 (0.19%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 59 (2.73%) QA
2 10 (0.46%) GDPR
2 10 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 8 (0.37%) NCSC
3 8 (0.37%) NIST
4 6 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (0.19%) SLA
6 3 (0.14%) NIST 800
7 2 (0.093%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.046%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.046%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.046%) PSD2
8 1 (0.046%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,018 (47.09%) Docker
2 77 (3.56%) Active Directory
3 62 (2.87%) VMware Infrastructure
4 36 (1.67%) Virtual Machines
5 14 (0.65%) vSphere
6 11 (0.51%) VirtualBox
7 10 (0.46%) Hyper-V
7 10 (0.46%) PowerDNS
8 7 (0.32%) vCloud
8 7 (0.32%) VMware NSX
9 6 (0.28%) KVM
10 5 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.23%) Microsoft App-V
10 5 (0.23%) NFS
10 5 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
10 5 (0.23%) Xen
10 5 (0.23%) XenApp
10 5 (0.23%) XenDesktop
11 3 (0.14%) OpenDJ
11 3 (0.14%) oVirt
Systems Management
1 1,065 (49.26%) Kubernetes
2 1,026 (47.46%) Ansible
3 460 (21.28%) Puppet
4 322 (14.89%) Opscode Chef
5 176 (8.14%) Packer
6 101 (4.67%) Consul
7 85 (3.93%) Prometheus
8 70 (3.24%) Grafana
9 55 (2.54%) Docker Swarm
10 54 (2.50%) Salt
11 41 (1.90%) Nagios
12 33 (1.53%) Kibana
13 31 (1.43%) logstash
14 28 (1.30%) Istio
15 27 (1.25%) Rancher
16 18 (0.83%) Single Sign-On
17 16 (0.74%) Hadoop YARN
17 16 (0.74%) Mesos
17 16 (0.74%) ZABBIX
18 11 (0.51%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 215 (9.94%) Google
2 132 (6.11%) Microsoft
3 115 (5.32%) Splunk
4 111 (5.13%) Red Hat
5 78 (3.61%) VMware
6 74 (3.42%) Cloudera
7 46 (2.13%) New Relic
8 44 (2.04%) Hortonworks
9 35 (1.62%) Oracle
10 30 (1.39%) Atlassian
11 27 (1.25%) IBM
12 21 (0.97%) Databricks
12 21 (0.97%) SaltStack
13 19 (0.88%) F5
13 19 (0.88%) Veracode
14 17 (0.79%) AppDynamics
14 17 (0.79%) Confluent
15 16 (0.74%) SAP
16 15 (0.69%) Cisco
17 14 (0.65%) Black Duck