Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK > England
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 38 57 73
Rank change year-on-year +19 +16 +24
Contract jobs citing Terraform 3,663 1,086 2,516
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.50% 4.09% 3.23%
As % of the Systems Management category 34.58% 25.41% 21.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,742 848 1,805
10th Percentile £450 £383 £450
25th Percentile £500 £456 £505
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £535 £575
Median % change year-on-year +2.80% -6.96% +4.55%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £650
90th Percentile £713 £675 £706
UK median daily rate £550 £530 £575
% change year-on-year +3.77% -7.83% +4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 2 2
10th Percentile £52.50 £38.63 £26.28
25th Percentile £60.25 £39.19 £29.69
Median hourly rate £70.00 £40.75 £36.25
Median % change year-on-year +71.78% +12.41% -44.23%
75th Percentile £81.25 £41.69 £43.69
90th Percentile £82.50 £41.88 £47.63
UK median hourly rate £72.00 £40.00 £36.25
% change year-on-year +80.00% +10.34% -44.23%

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 10,593 4,274 11,492
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.91% 16.08% 14.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,636 2,976 7,985
10th Percentile £350 £308 £283
25th Percentile £450 £405 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £545 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +9.00% - -
75th Percentile £638 £588 £600
90th Percentile £700 £663 £675
UK median daily rate £538 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +7.50% - +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 149 72 246
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.71 £12.44
25th Percentile £16.00 £14.97 £14.34
Median hourly rate £20.00 £19.50 £19.57
Median % change year-on-year +2.56% -0.36% +11.83%
75th Percentile £47.63 £37.88 £28.75
90th Percentile £63.00 £52.90 £50.13
UK median hourly rate £23.00 £19.75 £20.50
% change year-on-year +16.46% -3.66% +17.14%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the England region over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +30 2,343 £575 +4.55% 665
North of England -7 307 £525 - 195
South East +10 284 £550 +9.56% 104
North West -4 174 £525 - 109
Midlands +10 125 £525 +16.67% 84
South West +7 119 £508 +4.10% 60
East of England +9 107 £550 +15.79% 70
West Midlands +7 103 £525 +16.67% 60
Yorkshire +3 95 £525 +12.00% 61
North East -4 41 £565 +7.62% 25
East Midlands -28 16 £515 +27.16% 23
Terraform
UK

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 2,463 (67.24%) DevOps
2 2,106 (57.49%) AWS
3 1,821 (49.71%) Kubernetes
4 1,605 (43.82%) Docker
5 1,411 (38.52%) Azure
6 1,258 (34.34%) Ansible
7 1,225 (33.44%) Python
8 1,125 (30.71%) Agile Software Development
9 1,124 (30.69%) Infrastructure as Code
10 949 (25.91%) Jenkins
11 913 (24.92%) Linux
12 731 (19.96%) Finance
13 705 (19.25%) Java
14 695 (18.97%) GCP
15 658 (17.96%) Serverless
16 593 (16.19%) JavaScript
17 568 (15.51%) Bash Shell
18 558 (15.23%) Microservices
19 480 (13.10%) Software Engineering
20 474 (12.94%) AWS Lambda
21 456 (12.45%) AWS CloudFormation
22 455 (12.42%) Git (software)
23 454 (12.39%) PowerShell
24 448 (12.23%) Node.js
25 440 (12.01%) Web Services
26 414 (11.30%) PaaS
27 411 (11.22%) Security Cleared
28 405 (11.06%) GitHub
29 399 (10.89%) React
30 375 (10.24%) Full Stack Development

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 154 (4.20%) Apache Spark
2 146 (3.99%) Confluence
3 108 (2.95%) Elasticsearch
4 103 (2.81%) Apache
5 75 (2.05%) nginx
6 59 (1.61%) Apache Airflow
7 43 (1.17%) OpenStack
8 41 (1.12%) Tomcat
9 32 (0.87%) SharePoint
10 19 (0.52%) IIS
11 12 (0.33%) Cloud Foundry
11 12 (0.33%) SAS
11 12 (0.33%) WebSphere
12 11 (0.30%) JBoss
13 10 (0.27%) Exchange Server 2013
13 10 (0.27%) Jupyter
14 9 (0.25%) Traefik
15 8 (0.22%) Appian
16 7 (0.19%) WebSphere Application Server
17 6 (0.16%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 15 (0.41%) MS Visio
2 10 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.055%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.027%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.027%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 21 (0.57%) Sentinel
2 10 (0.27%) Cloudability
3 5 (0.14%) assyst
3 5 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.11%) Shopify
5 3 (0.082%) Remedy ITSM
5 3 (0.082%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.055%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.055%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.055%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.027%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.027%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.027%) JDE OneWorld
7 1 (0.027%) Magento
7 1 (0.027%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 2,106 (57.49%) AWS
2 1,411 (38.52%) Azure
3 695 (18.97%) GCP
4 658 (17.96%) Serverless
5 474 (12.94%) AWS Lambda
6 456 (12.45%) AWS CloudFormation
7 414 (11.30%) PaaS
8 405 (11.06%) GitHub
9 363 (9.91%) Amazon S3
10 313 (8.54%) IaaS
11 250 (6.83%) Amazon EC2
12 244 (6.66%) Amazon EKS
12 244 (6.66%) Amazon SQS
13 214 (5.84%) Amazon ECS
14 211 (5.76%) AWS Step Functions
15 148 (4.04%) SaaS
16 109 (2.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 107 (2.92%) Route 53
18 95 (2.59%) OpenShift
19 93 (2.54%) GitHub Actions
Communications & Networking
1 155 (4.23%) DNS
2 154 (4.20%) Firewall
3 73 (1.99%) VPN
4 65 (1.77%) Network Security
5 59 (1.61%) SSL
6 46 (1.26%) Internet
7 44 (1.20%) TCP/IP
8 38 (1.04%) WAN
9 35 (0.96%) BGP
10 32 (0.87%) SAN
11 26 (0.71%) HTTP
12 25 (0.68%) LAN
13 20 (0.55%) Reverse Proxy
14 16 (0.44%) Kerberos
15 15 (0.41%) NAS
16 14 (0.38%) DHCP
16 14 (0.38%) Multicast
17 13 (0.35%) IPv4
17 13 (0.35%) VLAN
18 12 (0.33%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 305 (8.33%) Amazon RDS
2 277 (7.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 198 (5.41%) PostgreSQL
4 188 (5.13%) Big Data
5 127 (3.47%) Hadoop
5 127 (3.47%) NoSQL
6 118 (3.22%) SQL Server
7 96 (2.62%) MongoDB
8 90 (2.46%) MySQL
9 70 (1.91%) Relational Database
10 63 (1.72%) BigQuery
10 63 (1.72%) Data Lake
11 54 (1.47%) Azure SQL Database
12 48 (1.31%) Apache Cassandra
13 41 (1.12%) Amazon Redshift
13 41 (1.12%) Data Warehouse
14 40 (1.09%) RDBMS
15 36 (0.98%) Redis
16 35 (0.96%) Apache Hive
16 35 (0.96%) HBase
Development Applications
1 949 (25.91%) Jenkins
2 455 (12.42%) Git (software)
3 359 (9.80%) GitLab
4 244 (6.66%) JIRA
5 182 (4.97%) Maven
6 131 (3.58%) TeamCity
7 130 (3.55%) CircleCI
8 111 (3.03%) Gradle
9 101 (2.76%) Sonatype Nexus
10 90 (2.46%) Bitbucket
11 83 (2.27%) Terragrunt
12 82 (2.24%) Artifactory
13 81 (2.21%) SonarQube
14 60 (1.64%) Cucumber
15 54 (1.47%) Selenium
16 53 (1.45%) Travis CI
17 48 (1.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 44 (1.20%) Octopus Deploy
19 34 (0.93%) gulp
20 31 (0.85%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 731 (19.96%) Finance
2 371 (10.13%) Social Skills
3 260 (7.10%) Public Sector
4 240 (6.55%) Front Office
5 147 (4.01%) Banking
6 91 (2.48%) Retail
7 82 (2.24%) Analytical Skills
8 68 (1.86%) Legal
9 67 (1.83%) Financial Institution
10 50 (1.37%) Telecoms
11 41 (1.12%) Games
12 38 (1.04%) Presentation Skills
13 35 (0.96%) Marketing
14 30 (0.82%) Investment Banking
15 28 (0.76%) Manufacturing
16 26 (0.71%) Electronics
17 25 (0.68%) Law
18 18 (0.49%) Publishing
19 16 (0.44%) Documentation Skills
20 13 (0.35%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,338 (36.53%) DevOps Engineer
2 610 (16.65%) AWS Engineer
3 568 (15.51%) Developer
4 417 (11.38%) Azure Engineer
5 368 (10.05%) AWS DevOps
6 352 (9.61%) Architect
7 310 (8.46%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 303 (8.27%) Cloud Engineer
9 241 (6.58%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 185 (5.05%) Software Engineer
11 184 (5.02%) React Developer
12 181 (4.94%) Platform Engineer
13 161 (4.40%) Azure DevOps
14 149 (4.07%) Cloud Architect
15 133 (3.63%) Consultant
16 128 (3.49%) Data Engineer
17 127 (3.47%) Site Reliability Engineer
18 122 (3.33%) Full Stack Developer
19 116 (3.17%) Azure Architect
20 103 (2.81%) Site Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 448 (12.23%) Node.js
2 440 (12.01%) Web Services
3 399 (10.89%) React
4 235 (6.42%) Kafka
5 208 (5.68%) Material-UI
6 186 (5.08%) .NET
7 181 (4.94%) Spring
8 159 (4.34%) REST
9 140 (3.82%) Spring Boot
10 117 (3.19%) ARM Templates
11 97 (2.65%) CSS
12 92 (2.51%) Elastic Stack
13 91 (2.48%) YAML
14 86 (2.35%) AngularJS
14 86 (2.35%) HTML
15 76 (2.07%) JSON
16 73 (1.99%) GraphQL
17 64 (1.75%) .NET Core
18 47 (1.28%) Jest
19 44 (1.20%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 200 (5.46%) Public Cloud
2 199 (5.43%) Cloud Native
3 143 (3.90%) Data Protection Act
4 139 (3.79%) Data Centre
5 71 (1.94%) Hedge funds
6 58 (1.58%) Hybrid Cloud
6 58 (1.58%) Linux Command Line
7 54 (1.47%) User Experience
8 45 (1.23%) Greenfield Project
8 45 (1.23%) PKI
9 43 (1.17%) iPad
10 40 (1.09%) Management Information System
11 35 (0.96%) Enterprise Cloud
12 34 (0.93%) Legacy Applications
13 31 (0.85%) Data Structures
14 29 (0.79%) Algorithms
15 28 (0.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 26 (0.71%) Self-Motivation
17 23 (0.63%) Private Cloud
18 22 (0.60%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 913 (24.92%) Linux
2 324 (8.85%) Windows
3 120 (3.28%) Unix
4 118 (3.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 63 (1.72%) Windows Server
6 47 (1.28%) CentOS
7 45 (1.23%) Ubuntu
8 19 (0.52%) Windows Server 2019
9 17 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
10 13 (0.35%) Solaris
10 13 (0.35%) VMS
11 10 (0.27%) Windows 10
11 10 (0.27%) Windows Server 2016
12 8 (0.22%) Amazon Linux
12 8 (0.22%) CoreOS
13 7 (0.19%) Debian
14 6 (0.16%) AIX
14 6 (0.16%) Oracle Linux
14 6 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
15 5 (0.14%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,463 (67.24%) DevOps
2 1,125 (30.71%) Agile Software Development
3 1,124 (30.69%) Infrastructure as Code
4 558 (15.23%) Microservices
5 480 (13.10%) Software Engineering
6 375 (10.24%) Full Stack Development
7 328 (8.95%) Configuration Management
8 313 (8.54%) Continuous Integration
9 311 (8.49%) Site Reliability Engineering
10 293 (8.00%) Migration
11 249 (6.80%) Test Automation
12 246 (6.72%) Scrum
13 242 (6.61%) Asset Management
14 240 (6.55%) TDD
15 229 (6.25%) Investment Management
16 223 (6.09%) Open Source
17 211 (5.76%) Data Protection
18 184 (5.02%) Problem-Solving
19 181 (4.94%) Continuous Delivery
20 174 (4.75%) Infrastructure Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,225 (33.44%) Python
2 705 (19.25%) Java
3 593 (16.19%) JavaScript
4 568 (15.51%) Bash Shell
5 454 (12.39%) PowerShell
6 357 (9.75%) SQL
7 353 (9.64%) TypeScript
8 256 (6.99%) Go
9 196 (5.35%) C#
10 143 (3.90%) Groovy
11 130 (3.55%) Ruby
12 85 (2.32%) Scala
13 72 (1.97%) PHP
14 63 (1.72%) Perl
14 63 (1.72%) Shell Script
15 59 (1.61%) C
16 52 (1.42%) C++
17 40 (1.09%) Kotlin
18 37 (1.01%) Java 8
19 25 (0.68%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 411 (11.22%) Security Cleared
2 303 (8.27%) SC Cleared
3 123 (3.36%) Degree
4 95 (2.59%) AWS Certification
5 55 (1.50%) DV Cleared
6 38 (1.04%) BPSS Clearance
7 37 (1.01%) Computer Science Degree
8 18 (0.49%) Cisco Certification
9 17 (0.46%) CISSP
10 11 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
11 10 (0.27%) CCIE
11 10 (0.27%) RHCE
12 8 (0.22%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 6 (0.16%) CCNP
14 5 (0.14%) RHCA
14 5 (0.14%) TOGAF Certification
15 4 (0.11%) DBS Check
16 3 (0.082%) Master's Degree
16 3 (0.082%) OCP
16 3 (0.082%) VCP6
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 73 (1.99%) GDPR
2 53 (1.45%) QA
3 24 (0.66%) SLA
4 19 (0.52%) Accessibility
5 12 (0.33%) NCSC
6 8 (0.22%) NIST
7 7 (0.19%) Data Quality
8 6 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 6 (0.16%) PCI DSS
9 5 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 4 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
10 4 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.082%) FedRAMP
12 2 (0.055%) HL7
12 2 (0.055%) SOC 2
13 1 (0.027%) DO-178B
13 1 (0.027%) HIPAA
13 1 (0.027%) IFRS
13 1 (0.027%) IFRS 9
13 1 (0.027%) SOC 1
System Software
1 1,605 (43.82%) Docker
2 183 (5.00%) Active Directory
3 138 (3.77%) VMware Infrastructure
4 36 (0.98%) vSphere
5 35 (0.96%) Virtual Machines
6 26 (0.71%) VMware ESXi
7 25 (0.68%) Hyper-V
8 24 (0.66%) HDFS
8 24 (0.66%) NFS
9 19 (0.52%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 14 (0.38%) Virtual Desktop
11 12 (0.33%) VMware NSX
12 10 (0.27%) KVM
13 9 (0.25%) Microsoft App-V
14 8 (0.22%) Varnish
15 7 (0.19%) SRDF
15 7 (0.19%) vCloud
15 7 (0.19%) Xen
15 7 (0.19%) XenApp
15 7 (0.19%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 1,821 (49.71%) Kubernetes
2 1,258 (34.34%) Ansible
3 356 (9.72%) Puppet
4 237 (6.47%) Opscode Chef
5 227 (6.20%) Prometheus
6 160 (4.37%) Grafana
7 136 (3.71%) Packer
8 80 (2.18%) Istio
9 79 (2.16%) Docker Swarm
10 54 (1.47%) Rancher
11 44 (1.20%) Nagios
12 42 (1.15%) Consul
12 42 (1.15%) Kibana
13 29 (0.79%) ZABBIX
14 25 (0.68%) vRealize
15 23 (0.63%) vCenter Server
16 20 (0.55%) HAProxy
17 15 (0.41%) logstash
18 14 (0.38%) Active Directory Federation Services
18 14 (0.38%) Argo
Vendors
1 360 (9.83%) Microsoft
2 291 (7.94%) Google
3 206 (5.62%) VMware
4 149 (4.07%) Splunk
5 116 (3.17%) Oracle
6 83 (2.27%) Databricks
7 80 (2.18%) Cisco
8 79 (2.16%) Red Hat
9 55 (1.50%) Atlassian
10 46 (1.26%) SAP
11 43 (1.17%) AppDynamics
12 40 (1.09%) Dynatrace
12 40 (1.09%) New Relic
13 34 (0.93%) IBM
14 33 (0.90%) Cloudera
15 32 (0.87%) Palo Alto
16 31 (0.85%) NetApp
17 30 (0.82%) Dell
18 29 (0.79%) Hortonworks
19 28 (0.76%) CheckPoint