Period
to 27 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 27 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK > England
6 months to
27 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 70 120 294
Rank change year-on-year +50 +174 +382
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,723 1,969 700
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.27% 2.13% 0.83%
As % of the Systems Management category 21.95% 16.16% 7.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,878 1,506 560
England median daily rate £563 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.27% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £450 £425 £410
90th Percentile £688 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £513
% change year-on-year - +7.32% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 1 0
England median hourly rate £70.00 £65.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.69% - -
UK median hourly rate £69.50 £65.00 -
% change year-on-year +6.92% - -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 12,408 12,188 9,220
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.90% 13.20% 10.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,319 8,156 6,112
England median daily rate £500 £488 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +5.41% +8.82%
10th Percentile £310 £285 £275
90th Percentile £675 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 298 319 205
England median hourly rate £19.82 £19.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.32% +5.56% -20.00%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.96 £11.21
90th Percentile £48.86 £50.00 £48.00
UK median hourly rate £20.50 £19.00 £19.50
% change year-on-year +7.89% -2.56% -19.10%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Terraform as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Terraform in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the England region over the 6 months to 27 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +35 1,659 £575 +2.22% 145
North of England +35 341 £550 +15.79% 34
South East +26 238 £525 +5.00% 26
Midlands +90 196 £538 +2.38% 17
North West +44 186 £550 +13.40% 16
South West +59 159 £559 +11.75% 6
West Midlands +62 133 £550 +4.76% 14
East of England +39 106 £500 - 16
Yorkshire +27 105 £475 - 10
East Midlands +53 62 £531 +6.25% 3
North East +6 48 £525 +16.67% 8
Terraform
UK

For the 6 months to 27 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 2,183 (80.17%) DevOps
2 1,833 (67.32%) Amazon AWS
3 1,401 (51.45%) Docker
4 1,387 (50.94%) Ansible
5 1,330 (48.84%) Kubernetes
6 1,081 (39.70%) Jenkins
6 1,081 (39.70%) Linux
7 1,023 (37.57%) Python
8 1,016 (37.31%) Agile Software Development
9 789 (28.98%) Microsoft Azure
10 775 (28.46%) Java
11 698 (25.63%) Puppet
12 567 (20.82%) Git (software)
13 526 (19.32%) Infrastructure as Code
14 510 (18.73%) Finance
15 493 (18.11%) AWS CloudFormation
16 466 (17.11%) Microservices
17 461 (16.93%) Configuration Management
18 443 (16.27%) Bash Shell
19 439 (16.12%) Amazon EC2
20 438 (16.09%) Serverless
21 437 (16.05%) Opscode Chef
22 425 (15.61%) Google Cloud Platform
23 419 (15.39%) Amazon S3
24 416 (15.28%) Continuous Integration
25 368 (13.51%) AWS Lambda
26 355 (13.04%) Web Services
27 338 (12.41%) Security Cleared
28 317 (11.64%) Amazon RDS
29 304 (11.16%) Software Engineering

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 203 (7.46%) Confluence
2 121 (4.44%) Elasticsearch
3 118 (4.33%) nginx
4 107 (3.93%) Apache
5 88 (3.23%) Apache Spark
6 53 (1.95%) Tomcat
7 38 (1.40%) Cloud Foundry
8 34 (1.25%) IIS
9 24 (0.88%) WebSphere
10 21 (0.77%) OpenStack
11 17 (0.62%) Jetty
12 16 (0.59%) SharePoint
13 15 (0.55%) CMS
14 13 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
14 13 (0.48%) SAS
15 12 (0.44%) MS Exchange
16 11 (0.40%) Mongrel
17 10 (0.37%) Apache Solr
17 10 (0.37%) Drupal
18 7 (0.26%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 10 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.073%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (0.22%) Magento
2 4 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.073%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.037%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.037%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,833 (67.32%) Amazon AWS
2 789 (28.98%) Microsoft Azure
3 493 (18.11%) AWS CloudFormation
4 439 (16.12%) Amazon EC2
5 438 (16.09%) Serverless
6 425 (15.61%) Google Cloud Platform
7 419 (15.39%) Amazon S3
8 368 (13.51%) AWS Lambda
9 274 (10.06%) Amazon ECS
10 192 (7.05%) OpenShift
11 175 (6.43%) GitHub
12 173 (6.35%) Amazon SQS
13 157 (5.77%) PaaS
14 154 (5.66%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 150 (5.51%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 141 (5.18%) Route 53
17 135 (4.96%) IaaS
18 98 (3.60%) Amazon ELB
19 94 (3.45%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
20 72 (2.64%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 130 (4.77%) VPN
2 106 (3.89%) Firewall
3 103 (3.78%) HTTP
4 90 (3.31%) DNS
5 69 (2.53%) TCP/IP
6 49 (1.80%) SSL
7 43 (1.58%) FTP
7 43 (1.58%) Network Security
8 29 (1.07%) Kerberos
9 26 (0.95%) DHCP
10 25 (0.92%) Intrusion Detection
10 25 (0.92%) IPsec
10 25 (0.92%) WAN
11 19 (0.70%) Internet
12 12 (0.44%) AMQP
13 11 (0.40%) DSL
14 10 (0.37%) VLAN
15 9 (0.33%) DMZ
16 7 (0.26%) HTTPS
17 5 (0.18%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 317 (11.64%) Amazon RDS
2 246 (9.03%) Big Data
3 155 (5.69%) Amazon Redshift
3 155 (5.69%) PostgreSQL
4 147 (5.40%) Hadoop
5 146 (5.36%) MySQL
6 135 (4.96%) SQL Server
7 119 (4.37%) NoSQL
8 111 (4.08%) MongoDB
9 101 (3.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 76 (2.79%) Apache Cassandra
11 63 (2.31%) Redis
12 61 (2.24%) Relational Database
13 36 (1.32%) Azure SQL Database
13 36 (1.32%) Data Warehouse
14 34 (1.25%) Apache Hive
14 34 (1.25%) RDBMS
15 32 (1.18%) BigQuery
16 29 (1.07%) Amazon Athena
17 27 (0.99%) HBase
Development Applications
1 1,081 (39.70%) Jenkins
2 567 (20.82%) Git (software)
3 297 (10.91%) JIRA
4 286 (10.50%) GitLab
5 244 (8.96%) Artifactory
6 124 (4.55%) Bitbucket
7 111 (4.08%) Maven
8 94 (3.45%) Sonatype Nexus
9 92 (3.38%) Visual Studio Team System
10 90 (3.31%) TeamCity
11 86 (3.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 76 (2.79%) SonarQube
13 75 (2.75%) CircleCI
14 71 (2.61%) RStudio
15 70 (2.57%) Travis CI
16 45 (1.65%) Gradle
17 43 (1.58%) Octopus Deploy
18 41 (1.51%) Selenium
18 41 (1.51%) Vagrant
19 37 (1.36%) GoCD
General
1 510 (18.73%) Finance
2 109 (4.00%) Banking
3 96 (3.53%) Retail
4 72 (2.64%) Front Office
5 40 (1.47%) Games
6 37 (1.36%) Law
7 34 (1.25%) Marketing
8 31 (1.14%) Telecoms
9 29 (1.07%) Financial Institution
10 25 (0.92%) Manufacturing
11 24 (0.88%) Advertising
12 21 (0.77%) Electronics
13 15 (0.55%) Publishing
14 13 (0.48%) Legal
15 11 (0.40%) German Language
16 7 (0.26%) French Language
16 7 (0.26%) Investment Banking
17 5 (0.18%) Automotive
17 5 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
17 5 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,430 (52.52%) DevOps Engineer
2 611 (22.44%) AWS Engineer
3 518 (19.02%) AWS DevOps
4 433 (15.90%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 426 (15.64%) Developer
6 311 (11.42%) Cloud Engineer
7 179 (6.57%) AWS Developer
8 174 (6.39%) Architect
9 163 (5.99%) Senior DevOps
10 153 (5.62%) Azure Engineer
11 144 (5.29%) Java Developer
12 142 (5.21%) Azure DevOps
13 135 (4.96%) Platform Engineer
14 129 (4.74%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 120 (4.41%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 116 (4.26%) Kubernetes Engineer
17 96 (3.53%) Consultant
18 93 (3.42%) Senior Developer
19 86 (3.16%) JavaScript Developer
20 77 (2.83%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 355 (13.04%) Web Services
2 266 (9.77%) Node.js
3 246 (9.03%) Kafka
4 160 (5.88%) J2EE
5 158 (5.80%) Elastic Stack
6 131 (4.81%) .NET
7 115 (4.22%) AngularJS
8 113 (4.15%) Spring
9 99 (3.64%) React
10 94 (3.45%) RESTful
11 72 (2.64%) REST
12 68 (2.50%) Spring Boot
13 55 (2.02%) JSON
14 51 (1.87%) RabbitMQ
15 46 (1.69%) J2SE
16 40 (1.47%) Hibernate
17 37 (1.36%) CSS
18 36 (1.32%) HTML
18 36 (1.32%) LDAP
18 36 (1.32%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 139 (5.10%) Public Cloud
2 135 (4.96%) Cloud Native
3 123 (4.52%) Greenfield Project
4 98 (3.60%) Data Centre
5 69 (2.53%) Fixed Income
6 54 (1.98%) Hybrid Cloud
7 46 (1.69%) Linux Command Line
8 44 (1.62%) Analytical Skills
9 40 (1.47%) PKI
10 36 (1.32%) Mobile App
11 32 (1.18%) Data Protection Act
12 29 (1.07%) Enterprise Software
13 26 (0.95%) Private Cloud
14 24 (0.88%) Enterprise Cloud
15 21 (0.77%) Self-Motivation
16 20 (0.73%) Clustering
17 15 (0.55%) Analytical Mindset
18 12 (0.44%) BYOD
18 12 (0.44%) Hedge funds
19 11 (0.40%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1,081 (39.70%) Linux
2 258 (9.47%) Windows
3 230 (8.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 156 (5.73%) Unix
5 141 (5.18%) CentOS
6 71 (2.61%) Windows Server
7 48 (1.76%) Ubuntu
8 25 (0.92%) CoreOS
9 19 (0.70%) Apple iOS
10 17 (0.62%) Android
11 16 (0.59%) Debian
12 13 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
13 6 (0.22%) Fedora
13 6 (0.22%) Mesosphere
13 6 (0.22%) Solaris
14 5 (0.18%) Amazon Linux
15 4 (0.15%) VMS
16 3 (0.11%) Windows 10
17 2 (0.073%) FreeBSD
18 1 (0.037%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,183 (80.17%) DevOps
2 1,016 (37.31%) Agile Software Development
3 526 (19.32%) Infrastructure as Code
4 466 (17.11%) Microservices
5 461 (16.93%) Configuration Management
6 416 (15.28%) Continuous Integration
7 304 (11.16%) Software Engineering
8 296 (10.87%) Scrum
9 268 (9.84%) Migration
10 266 (9.77%) Open Source
11 182 (6.68%) Deployment Automation
12 177 (6.50%) Test Automation
13 169 (6.21%) TDD
14 162 (5.95%) Continuous Delivery
15 144 (5.29%) Asset Management
16 141 (5.18%) Problem-Solving
17 127 (4.66%) Kanban
18 118 (4.33%) Analytics
19 111 (4.08%) E-Commerce
20 110 (4.04%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 1,023 (37.57%) Python
2 775 (28.46%) Java
3 443 (16.27%) Bash Shell
4 281 (10.32%) JavaScript
5 261 (9.59%) Ruby
6 239 (8.78%) PowerShell
7 209 (7.68%) SQL
8 182 (6.68%) Go
9 125 (4.59%) Java 8
10 102 (3.75%) Shell Script
11 95 (3.49%) Groovy
12 86 (3.16%) Perl
13 79 (2.90%) Scala
14 71 (2.61%) C#
15 60 (2.20%) PHP
16 48 (1.76%) TypeScript
17 31 (1.14%) C++
17 31 (1.14%) ES6
18 22 (0.81%) Rust
19 19 (0.70%) C
Qualifications
1 338 (12.41%) Security Cleared
2 284 (10.43%) SC Cleared
3 129 (4.74%) AWS Certification
4 37 (1.36%) Degree
5 23 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
6 14 (0.51%) TOGAF Certification
7 12 (0.44%) CCA
8 11 (0.40%) Computer Science Degree
8 11 (0.40%) DV Cleared
9 9 (0.33%) ISEB
9 9 (0.33%) ISTQB
9 9 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 8 (0.29%) CISSP
11 6 (0.22%) CISM
11 6 (0.22%) DBS Check
11 6 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
12 5 (0.18%) MCSA
12 5 (0.18%) MCSE
13 4 (0.15%) CREST Certified
14 3 (0.11%) CHECK Team Member
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 54 (1.98%) QA
2 22 (0.81%) NCSC
2 22 (0.81%) NIST
3 6 (0.22%) GDPR
3 6 (0.22%) PCI DSS
4 5 (0.18%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (0.15%) PMO
6 1 (0.037%) COBIT
6 1 (0.037%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.037%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.037%) SLA
System Software
1 1,401 (51.45%) Docker
2 122 (4.48%) Active Directory
3 53 (1.95%) Virtual Machines
4 43 (1.58%) VMware Infrastructure
5 24 (0.88%) HDFS
5 24 (0.88%) Hyper-V
6 16 (0.59%) NFS
6 16 (0.59%) Xen
7 14 (0.51%) Squid
8 13 (0.48%) Snort
9 8 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 7 (0.26%) Apache Flume
11 6 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
12 5 (0.18%) Varnish
12 5 (0.18%) VirtualBox
12 5 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
12 5 (0.18%) vSphere
13 4 (0.15%) KVM
13 4 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
13 4 (0.15%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 1,387 (50.94%) Ansible
2 1,330 (48.84%) Kubernetes
3 698 (25.63%) Puppet
4 437 (16.05%) Opscode Chef
5 268 (9.84%) Packer
6 147 (5.40%) Consul
7 119 (4.37%) Prometheus
8 75 (2.75%) Grafana
9 62 (2.28%) Salt
10 61 (2.24%) Docker Swarm
11 53 (1.95%) Kibana
12 46 (1.69%) logstash
13 38 (1.40%) Mesos
13 38 (1.40%) Nagios
14 32 (1.18%) HAProxy
15 26 (0.95%) Graphite
16 25 (0.92%) Rancher
16 25 (0.92%) ZABBIX
17 19 (0.70%) Sysdig
18 13 (0.48%) SCCM
Vendors
1 240 (8.81%) Google
2 164 (6.02%) Microsoft
3 133 (4.88%) Red Hat
4 96 (3.53%) Atlassian
5 90 (3.31%) Splunk
6 77 (2.83%) VMware
7 75 (2.75%) New Relic
8 72 (2.64%) Oracle
9 67 (2.46%) Cloudera
10 57 (2.09%) Hortonworks
11 55 (2.02%) SaltStack
12 30 (1.10%) SAP
13 24 (0.88%) Veracode
14 22 (0.81%) Facebook
15 19 (0.70%) Cisco
15 19 (0.70%) PagerDuty
16 18 (0.66%) Black Duck
17 16 (0.59%) AppDynamics
17 16 (0.59%) Citrix
17 16 (0.59%) Dynatrace