Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 43 52 72
Rank change year-on-year +9 +20 +47
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,890 1,401 2,758
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.13% 4.20% 3.30%
As % of the Systems Management category 32.43% 27.30% 21.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,137 1,076 1,937
10th Percentile £435 £413 £450
25th Percentile £488 £475 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £563
Median % change year-on-year - -2.39% +2.45%
75th Percentile £638 £625 £638
90th Percentile £713 £713 £700
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £563
% change year-on-year - -2.22% +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 2 6
10th Percentile £51.25 £35.67 £38.63
25th Percentile £58.50 £36.10 £67.75
Median hourly rate £61.50 £38.55 £70.00
Median % change year-on-year +59.55% -44.94% +7.69%
75th Percentile £69.13 £40.51 "
90th Percentile £82.50 £40.65 £70.50
UK median hourly rate £61.50 £39.50 £70.00
% change year-on-year +55.70% -43.57% +7.69%

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 8,911 5,132 12,731
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.83% 15.37% 15.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,289 3,628 8,737
10th Percentile £350 £306 £300
25th Percentile £431 £413 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £613 £600 £600
90th Percentile £694 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 122 98 268
10th Percentile £14.78 £12.42 £12.00
25th Percentile £16.26 £14.50 £13.84
Median hourly rate £22.00 £19.39 £18.78
Median % change year-on-year +13.46% +3.28% -1.18%
75th Percentile £47.34 £33.06 £26.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £47.83 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £29.00 £19.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year +48.72% -2.50% +5.26%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the England region over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +16 1,863 £550 - 600
South East +26 237 £525 +2.94% 108
North of England -19 224 £525 -4.55% 197
North West -12 122 £513 -2.38% 106
South West +24 103 £500 -4.76% 53
Midlands -24 93 £525 +14.75% 87
West Midlands -8 82 £525 +10.53% 67
East of England -2 80 £550 +10.00% 59
Yorkshire -17 74 £525 -12.50% 68
North East -8 29 £575 +4.55% 23
East Midlands -25 8 £465 +13.76% 20
Terraform
UK

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,887 (65.29%) DevOps
2 1,586 (54.88%) AWS
3 1,408 (48.72%) Kubernetes
4 1,222 (42.28%) Docker
5 1,166 (40.35%) Azure
6 1,016 (35.16%) Ansible
7 950 (32.87%) Python
8 901 (31.18%) Agile Software Development
9 880 (30.45%) Infrastructure as Code
10 744 (25.74%) Linux
11 670 (23.18%) Jenkins
12 583 (20.17%) Finance
13 567 (19.62%) Java
14 537 (18.58%) Serverless
15 514 (17.79%) GCP
16 465 (16.09%) JavaScript
17 424 (14.67%) Microservices
18 417 (14.43%) Software Engineering
19 403 (13.94%) AWS Lambda
20 388 (13.43%) Node.js
21 386 (13.36%) Security Cleared
22 375 (12.98%) PowerShell
23 374 (12.94%) PaaS
24 360 (12.46%) Bash Shell
25 352 (12.18%) Git (software)
25 352 (12.18%) Web Services
26 351 (12.15%) React
27 316 (10.93%) Amazon S3
28 308 (10.66%) TypeScript
29 306 (10.59%) GitHub

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 122 (4.22%) Confluence
2 120 (4.15%) Apache Spark
3 92 (3.18%) Apache
4 65 (2.25%) Elasticsearch
5 55 (1.90%) nginx
6 52 (1.80%) Apache Airflow
7 34 (1.18%) Tomcat
8 31 (1.07%) SharePoint
9 24 (0.83%) Cloud Foundry
10 20 (0.69%) WebSphere
11 19 (0.66%) OpenStack
12 17 (0.59%) WebSphere Application Server
13 11 (0.38%) CMS
14 10 (0.35%) SAS
15 8 (0.28%) Drupal
15 8 (0.28%) IBM Domino
15 8 (0.28%) Jupyter
16 7 (0.24%) IIS
16 7 (0.24%) JBoss
17 6 (0.21%) Apache ServiceMix
Applications
1 20 (0.69%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.10%) Chatbot
2 3 (0.10%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.069%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.035%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 14 (0.48%) Sentinel
2 8 (0.28%) assyst
3 7 (0.24%) Magento
4 6 (0.21%) Shopify
5 4 (0.14%) SAP ERP
6 3 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
6 3 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
6 3 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.069%) Cloudability
7 2 (0.069%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.069%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.069%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.069%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.035%) Distributed Ledger
8 1 (0.035%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.035%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.035%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 1,586 (54.88%) AWS
2 1,166 (40.35%) Azure
3 537 (18.58%) Serverless
4 514 (17.79%) GCP
5 403 (13.94%) AWS Lambda
6 374 (12.94%) PaaS
7 316 (10.93%) Amazon S3
8 306 (10.59%) GitHub
9 290 (10.03%) AWS CloudFormation
10 289 (10.00%) IaaS
11 211 (7.30%) Amazon SQS
12 179 (6.19%) Amazon EKS
12 179 (6.19%) AWS Step Functions
13 133 (4.60%) Amazon EC2
14 125 (4.33%) Amazon ECS
15 123 (4.26%) SaaS
16 102 (3.53%) OpenShift
17 67 (2.32%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 65 (2.25%) Azure Active Directory
18 65 (2.25%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 138 (4.78%) Firewall
2 98 (3.39%) DNS
3 46 (1.59%) VPN
4 40 (1.38%) Network Security
5 36 (1.25%) Internet
6 35 (1.21%) SSL
7 34 (1.18%) SAN
8 30 (1.04%) WAN
9 23 (0.80%) TCP/IP
10 22 (0.76%) LAN
10 22 (0.76%) NAS
11 21 (0.73%) HTTP
12 18 (0.62%) Multicast
13 17 (0.59%) DHCP
14 15 (0.52%) BGP
15 14 (0.48%) IPv4
16 13 (0.45%) Fibre Channel
16 13 (0.45%) iSCSI
16 13 (0.45%) SSH
17 12 (0.42%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 252 (8.72%) Amazon RDS
2 231 (7.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 157 (5.43%) PostgreSQL
4 146 (5.05%) Big Data
5 117 (4.05%) Hadoop
6 109 (3.77%) NoSQL
7 88 (3.04%) SQL Server
8 74 (2.56%) MongoDB
8 74 (2.56%) MySQL
9 59 (2.04%) Azure SQL Database
10 50 (1.73%) BigQuery
11 47 (1.63%) Data Warehouse
12 44 (1.52%) Relational Database
13 42 (1.45%) Data Lake
14 32 (1.11%) Apache Cassandra
15 31 (1.07%) HBase
15 31 (1.07%) Redis
16 29 (1.00%) Apache Hive
17 27 (0.93%) Amazon Redshift
18 20 (0.69%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 670 (23.18%) Jenkins
2 352 (12.18%) Git (software)
3 227 (7.85%) GitLab
4 206 (7.13%) JIRA
5 125 (4.33%) Maven
6 92 (3.18%) CircleCI
7 77 (2.66%) TeamCity
8 71 (2.46%) Sonatype Nexus
9 70 (2.42%) Bitbucket
10 62 (2.15%) Gradle
11 59 (2.04%) Travis CI
12 53 (1.83%) SonarQube
13 51 (1.76%) Artifactory
14 36 (1.25%) Cucumber
15 35 (1.21%) Octopus Deploy
16 34 (1.18%) Visual Studio Team System
17 33 (1.14%) gulp
18 31 (1.07%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 28 (0.97%) Visual Studio
20 22 (0.76%) Postman
General
1 583 (20.17%) Finance
2 295 (10.21%) Social Skills
3 226 (7.82%) Front Office
4 190 (6.57%) Public Sector
5 132 (4.57%) Banking
6 66 (2.28%) Analytical Skills
7 62 (2.15%) Retail
8 51 (1.76%) Telecoms
9 46 (1.59%) Marketing
10 38 (1.31%) Presentation Skills
11 33 (1.14%) Electronics
11 33 (1.14%) Manufacturing
12 27 (0.93%) Games
13 26 (0.90%) Financial Institution
14 21 (0.73%) Influencing Skills
14 21 (0.73%) Investment Banking
15 20 (0.69%) Legal
16 13 (0.45%) iGaming
17 12 (0.42%) Publishing
18 9 (0.31%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,042 (36.06%) DevOps Engineer
2 522 (18.06%) Developer
3 450 (15.57%) AWS Engineer
4 359 (12.42%) Azure Engineer
5 294 (10.17%) Architect
6 285 (9.86%) AWS DevOps
7 264 (9.13%) Cloud Engineer
8 242 (8.37%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 221 (7.65%) React Developer
10 212 (7.34%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 157 (5.43%) AWS Developer
12 146 (5.05%) Full Stack Developer
13 135 (4.67%) Platform Engineer
14 134 (4.64%) Azure DevOps
15 124 (4.29%) Cloud Architect
16 118 (4.08%) Consultant
17 115 (3.98%) Senior DevOps
18 109 (3.77%) Senior DevOps Engineer
19 102 (3.53%) Kubernetes Engineer
20 90 (3.11%) Azure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 388 (13.43%) Node.js
2 352 (12.18%) Web Services
3 351 (12.15%) React
4 196 (6.78%) .NET
5 178 (6.16%) Material-UI
6 165 (5.71%) Kafka
7 128 (4.43%) REST
8 120 (4.15%) Spring
9 102 (3.53%) Spring Boot
10 76 (2.63%) .NET Core
11 74 (2.56%) Elastic Stack
12 70 (2.42%) GraphQL
13 65 (2.25%) YAML
14 60 (2.08%) JSON
15 55 (1.90%) AngularJS
16 33 (1.14%) CSS
17 32 (1.11%) RESTful
18 28 (0.97%) HTML
18 28 (0.97%) Lambda Expressions
19 26 (0.90%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 183 (6.33%) Cloud Native
2 173 (5.99%) Public Cloud
3 106 (3.67%) Data Centre
4 90 (3.11%) Data Protection Act
5 58 (2.01%) User Experience
6 46 (1.59%) Algorithms
7 42 (1.45%) Hybrid Cloud
8 40 (1.38%) Management Information System
9 38 (1.31%) Data Structures
10 34 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
11 33 (1.14%) Greenfield Project
12 32 (1.11%) Hedge funds
13 29 (1.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 27 (0.93%) Mobile App
15 26 (0.90%) Enterprise Software
15 26 (0.90%) Legacy Applications
16 24 (0.83%) PKI
17 22 (0.76%) Enterprise Cloud
18 21 (0.73%) iPad
19 18 (0.62%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 744 (25.74%) Linux
2 264 (9.13%) Windows
3 89 (3.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 84 (2.91%) Unix
5 74 (2.56%) Windows Server
6 53 (1.83%) CentOS
7 40 (1.38%) Ubuntu
8 23 (0.80%) Solaris
9 20 (0.69%) VMS
10 12 (0.42%) Windows Server 2019
11 11 (0.38%) CoreOS
11 11 (0.38%) Windows 10
12 9 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
12 9 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
13 6 (0.21%) AIX
14 5 (0.17%) Oracle Linux
14 5 (0.17%) SUSE
15 3 (0.10%) Amazon Linux
15 3 (0.10%) Apple iOS
15 3 (0.10%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,887 (65.29%) DevOps
2 901 (31.18%) Agile Software Development
3 880 (30.45%) Infrastructure as Code
4 424 (14.67%) Microservices
5 417 (14.43%) Software Engineering
6 263 (9.10%) Configuration Management
7 241 (8.34%) Continuous Integration
8 235 (8.13%) Migration
9 221 (7.65%) Asset Management
10 218 (7.54%) Investment Management
11 217 (7.51%) Scrum
12 190 (6.57%) Open Source
13 179 (6.19%) TDD
14 178 (6.16%) Test Automation
15 157 (5.43%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 157 (5.43%) Site Reliability Engineering
16 145 (5.02%) Continuous Delivery
17 116 (4.01%) Problem-Solving
18 110 (3.81%) Data Protection
19 108 (3.74%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 950 (32.87%) Python
2 567 (19.62%) Java
3 465 (16.09%) JavaScript
4 375 (12.98%) PowerShell
5 360 (12.46%) Bash Shell
6 308 (10.66%) TypeScript
7 278 (9.62%) SQL
8 183 (6.33%) Go
9 168 (5.81%) C#
10 96 (3.32%) Groovy
11 94 (3.25%) Ruby
12 58 (2.01%) Kotlin
13 52 (1.80%) Shell Script
14 51 (1.76%) PHP
15 50 (1.73%) Perl
15 50 (1.73%) Scala
16 46 (1.59%) C++
17 38 (1.31%) C
18 27 (0.93%) Java 8
19 15 (0.52%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 386 (13.36%) Security Cleared
2 284 (9.83%) SC Cleared
3 96 (3.32%) Degree
4 80 (2.77%) AWS Certification
5 55 (1.90%) DV Cleared
6 23 (0.80%) BPSS Clearance
7 16 (0.55%) Computer Science Degree
8 12 (0.42%) CISSP
9 10 (0.35%) RHCE
10 8 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
10 8 (0.28%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 7 (0.24%) RHCA
12 6 (0.21%) CTC Cleared
12 6 (0.21%) ISEB
12 6 (0.21%) TOGAF Certification
13 4 (0.14%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 4 (0.14%) CISM
13 4 (0.14%) Master's Degree
13 4 (0.14%) SAFe Agilist
14 3 (0.10%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 54 (1.87%) QA
2 24 (0.83%) GDPR
3 10 (0.35%) NCSC
3 10 (0.35%) SLA
4 9 (0.31%) Accessibility
4 9 (0.31%) NIST
5 6 (0.21%) PCI DSS
6 5 (0.17%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.10%) FedRAMP
8 2 (0.069%) HL7
8 2 (0.069%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.069%) WCAG
9 1 (0.035%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.035%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.035%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.035%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.035%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,222 (42.28%) Docker
2 134 (4.64%) Active Directory
3 116 (4.01%) VMware Infrastructure
4 37 (1.28%) Virtual Machines
5 32 (1.11%) Hyper-V
6 28 (0.97%) VMware ESXi
7 26 (0.90%) vSphere
8 24 (0.83%) HDFS
9 18 (0.62%) NFS
10 17 (0.59%) KVM
11 16 (0.55%) Microsoft App-V
12 13 (0.45%) Varnish
12 13 (0.45%) Virtual Desktop
13 11 (0.38%) SRDF
13 11 (0.38%) Xen
14 10 (0.35%) Oracle RAC
15 9 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 8 (0.28%) Postfix
17 6 (0.21%) qmail
17 6 (0.21%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 1,408 (48.72%) Kubernetes
2 1,016 (35.16%) Ansible
3 280 (9.69%) Puppet
4 203 (7.02%) Opscode Chef
5 138 (4.78%) Prometheus
6 110 (3.81%) Packer
7 103 (3.56%) Grafana
8 62 (2.15%) Istio
9 48 (1.66%) Docker Swarm
10 46 (1.59%) Rancher
11 38 (1.31%) Kibana
12 35 (1.21%) vRealize
13 31 (1.07%) Nagios
14 24 (0.83%) Consul
15 20 (0.69%) logstash
16 19 (0.66%) Microsoft Intune
16 19 (0.66%) vRealize Orchestrator
17 17 (0.59%) Active Directory Federation Services
18 16 (0.55%) SCCM
19 15 (0.52%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 290 (10.03%) Microsoft
2 242 (8.37%) Google
3 159 (5.50%) VMware
4 109 (3.77%) Oracle
5 87 (3.01%) Splunk
6 77 (2.66%) Databricks
7 58 (2.01%) Red Hat
8 54 (1.87%) SAP
9 51 (1.76%) Cisco
10 43 (1.49%) Cloudera
11 39 (1.35%) Atlassian
11 39 (1.35%) New Relic
12 38 (1.31%) IBM
13 32 (1.11%) Dynatrace
14 30 (1.04%) Hortonworks
15 25 (0.87%) NetApp
16 24 (0.83%) Dell
16 24 (0.83%) Palo Alto
17 22 (0.76%) CheckPoint
17 22 (0.76%) Fortinet