Period
to 18 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 18 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 44 70 84
Rank change year-on-year +26 +14 +108
Contract jobs citing Terraform 1,646 2,135 2,691
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.87% 3.25% 2.95%
As % of the Systems Management category 29.87% 22.48% 19.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,621 1,630 2,091
Median daily rate £525 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.70% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £400 £450 £425
90th Percentile £675 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £575 £550
% change year-on-year -8.70% +4.55% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 2
Median hourly rate £40.75 £36.25 £90.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.41% -59.72% -
10th Percentile £26.35 £26.28 £85.00
90th Percentile £50.23 £47.63 £95.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £36.25 £90.00
% change year-on-year +10.34% -59.72% -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 5,510 9,496 13,630
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 16.30% 14.43% 14.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,875 6,603 9,373
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £313 £263 £311
90th Percentile £653 £675 £655
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 115 237 331
Median hourly rate £23.00 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +31.43% - +8.09%
10th Percentile £12.58 £12.44 £12.25
90th Percentile £60.15 £47.69 £45.05
Median hourly rate £24.42 £18.25 £17.50
% change year-on-year +33.78% +4.29% +5.23%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the England region over the 6 months to 18 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +20 1,018 £525 -12.50% 395
North of England +36 199 £500 -4.76% 169
South East +73 146 £500 -4.76% 67
North West +32 116 £500 -9.09% 112
South West +31 82 £463 -19.57% 45
Yorkshire +24 51 £459 -11.83% 48
East of England +22 44 £463 -11.90% 32
North East +42 31 £515 +41.10% 9
Midlands -28 29 £450 -10.00% 48
West Midlands -15 23 £450 -13.88% 34
East Midlands +5 6 £405 -10.00% 14
Terraform
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,084 (65.86%) DevOps
2 946 (57.47%) AWS
3 851 (51.70%) Kubernetes
4 706 (42.89%) Docker
5 660 (40.10%) Azure
6 650 (39.49%) Python
7 611 (37.12%) Ansible
8 554 (33.66%) Agile Software Development
9 439 (26.67%) Linux
10 428 (26.00%) Infrastructure as Code
11 426 (25.88%) Java
12 417 (25.33%) Jenkins
13 315 (19.14%) Finance
14 304 (18.47%) Security Cleared
15 301 (18.29%) JavaScript
16 292 (17.74%) Node.js
17 270 (16.40%) Serverless
18 269 (16.34%) Microservices
18 269 (16.34%) Software Engineering
19 255 (15.49%) SC Cleared
20 254 (15.43%) Git (software)
21 236 (14.34%) GCP
22 231 (14.03%) React
23 227 (13.79%) Bash Shell
24 226 (13.73%) PowerShell
25 224 (13.61%) Web Services
26 212 (12.88%) GitLab
27 199 (12.09%) Puppet
28 185 (11.24%) AWS Lambda
28 185 (11.24%) Windows

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 72 (4.37%) Elasticsearch
2 69 (4.19%) Apache
3 61 (3.71%) Confluence
4 55 (3.34%) Apache Spark
5 28 (1.70%) nginx
6 23 (1.40%) OpenStack
7 12 (0.73%) Apache Airflow
7 12 (0.73%) Tomcat
8 10 (0.61%) Jupyter
9 9 (0.55%) Cloud Foundry
10 8 (0.49%) IIS
10 8 (0.49%) SharePoint
11 7 (0.43%) JBoss
11 7 (0.43%) WebSphere
12 5 (0.30%) IBM Domino
12 5 (0.30%) MS Exchange
13 4 (0.24%) Appian
13 4 (0.24%) BizTalk Server
13 4 (0.24%) Exchange Server 2010
13 4 (0.24%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 6 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
1 6 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
1 6 (0.36%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.18%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 3 (0.18%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
2 2 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.061%) Magento
3 1 (0.061%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.061%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 946 (57.47%) AWS
2 660 (40.10%) Azure
3 270 (16.40%) Serverless
4 236 (14.34%) GCP
5 185 (11.24%) AWS Lambda
6 179 (10.87%) AWS CloudFormation
7 161 (9.78%) Amazon S3
8 143 (8.69%) PaaS
9 139 (8.44%) Amazon EKS
10 132 (8.02%) GitHub
11 108 (6.56%) IaaS
12 101 (6.14%) Amazon EC2
13 100 (6.08%) Amazon SQS
14 88 (5.35%) Amazon ECS
15 85 (5.16%) OpenShift
16 78 (4.74%) AWS Step Functions
17 59 (3.58%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 58 (3.52%) SaaS
19 42 (2.55%) Amazon ElastiCache
20 40 (2.43%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 94 (5.71%) Firewall
2 62 (3.77%) DNS
3 32 (1.94%) VPN
4 23 (1.40%) Reverse Proxy
5 19 (1.15%) Network Security
6 18 (1.09%) TCP/IP
7 17 (1.03%) VLAN
8 16 (0.97%) DHCP
8 16 (0.97%) HTTP
9 12 (0.73%) SNMP
9 12 (0.73%) SSL
9 12 (0.73%) VSAN
10 11 (0.67%) Internet
11 10 (0.61%) AMQP
11 10 (0.61%) WAN
12 9 (0.55%) SSH
13 8 (0.49%) Cisco ASA
14 7 (0.43%) HTTPS
14 7 (0.43%) Kerberos
15 6 (0.36%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 158 (9.60%) Amazon RDS
2 105 (6.38%) PostgreSQL
3 104 (6.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 87 (5.29%) Big Data
5 54 (3.28%) SQL Server
6 50 (3.04%) MySQL
7 47 (2.86%) MongoDB
8 44 (2.67%) Hadoop
9 43 (2.61%) NoSQL
10 36 (2.19%) Apache Ignite
11 35 (2.13%) Azure SQL Database
12 34 (2.07%) BigQuery
13 32 (1.94%) Cosmos DB
14 31 (1.88%) Relational Database
15 30 (1.82%) Amazon Redshift
16 22 (1.34%) Redis
17 19 (1.15%) Data Warehouse
18 17 (1.03%) Apache Hive
19 16 (0.97%) Cloud Spanner
20 14 (0.85%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 417 (25.33%) Jenkins
2 254 (15.43%) Git (software)
3 212 (12.88%) GitLab
4 101 (6.14%) JIRA
5 69 (4.19%) Maven
6 68 (4.13%) Artifactory
7 51 (3.10%) Selenium
8 49 (2.98%) SonarQube
9 48 (2.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 44 (2.67%) Bitbucket
11 39 (2.37%) TeamCity
12 38 (2.31%) CircleCI
13 34 (2.07%) Cucumber
13 34 (2.07%) Sonatype Nexus
14 27 (1.64%) Visual Studio Team System
15 22 (1.34%) Vagrant
16 21 (1.28%) Gradle
16 21 (1.28%) JUnit
16 21 (1.28%) Visual Studio
17 20 (1.22%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 315 (19.14%) Finance
2 168 (10.21%) Front Office
3 123 (7.47%) Public Sector
4 90 (5.47%) Banking
5 46 (2.79%) Marketing
6 41 (2.49%) Telecoms
7 35 (2.13%) Retail
8 26 (1.58%) Manufacturing
9 22 (1.34%) Electronics
10 17 (1.03%) Billing
11 12 (0.73%) Investment Banking
12 11 (0.67%) Retail Banking
13 8 (0.49%) Advertising
14 7 (0.43%) German Language
15 6 (0.36%) Law
16 5 (0.30%) Financial Institution
17 4 (0.24%) Corporate Banking
17 4 (0.24%) Games
17 4 (0.24%) Retail Finance
18 3 (0.18%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 613 (37.24%) DevOps Engineer
2 412 (25.03%) Developer
3 223 (13.55%) AWS Engineer
4 198 (12.03%) AWS DevOps
5 180 (10.94%) Azure Engineer
6 160 (9.72%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 141 (8.57%) Cloud Engineer
8 123 (7.47%) React Developer
9 119 (7.23%) AWS Developer
10 115 (6.99%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 113 (6.87%) Architect
12 85 (5.16%) Azure DevOps
13 83 (5.04%) Full Stack Developer
14 82 (4.98%) Python Developer
14 82 (4.98%) Senior DevOps
15 77 (4.68%) Senior DevOps Engineer
16 56 (3.40%) Software Engineer
17 53 (3.22%) Java Developer
18 52 (3.16%) Python Engineer
19 51 (3.10%) Kubernetes Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 292 (17.74%) Node.js
2 231 (14.03%) React
3 224 (13.61%) Web Services
4 126 (7.65%) Kafka
5 117 (7.11%) REST
6 115 (6.99%) .NET
7 86 (5.22%) Spring
8 76 (4.62%) Elastic Stack
9 71 (4.31%) Spring Boot
10 59 (3.58%) gRPC
11 50 (3.04%) RESTful
12 49 (2.98%) .NET Core
13 47 (2.86%) AngularJS
14 46 (2.79%) CSS
15 41 (2.49%) .NET Framework
16 38 (2.31%) Protocol Buffers
17 37 (2.25%) JSON
18 36 (2.19%) RabbitMQ
19 35 (2.13%) YAML
20 32 (1.94%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 93 (5.65%) Cloud Native
2 64 (3.89%) Public Cloud
3 54 (3.28%) Fixed Income
4 52 (3.16%) Derivative
4 52 (3.16%) Equities
5 49 (2.98%) User Experience
6 47 (2.86%) Analytical Skills
7 46 (2.79%) Data Centre
8 42 (2.55%) Greenfield Project
9 35 (2.13%) Hybrid Cloud
10 28 (1.70%) Private Cloud
11 23 (1.40%) Mobile App
12 19 (1.15%) Linux Command Line
13 18 (1.09%) Hedge funds
14 17 (1.03%) Enterprise Cloud
15 16 (0.97%) Algorithms
15 16 (0.97%) iPad
16 14 (0.85%) NHS
17 13 (0.79%) N-Tier
18 12 (0.73%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 439 (26.67%) Linux
2 185 (11.24%) Windows
3 64 (3.89%) Windows Server
4 47 (2.86%) CentOS
4 47 (2.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 40 (2.43%) Unix
6 36 (2.19%) Windows Server 2016
7 25 (1.52%) Windows 10
8 22 (1.34%) Ubuntu
9 15 (0.91%) Windows Server 2008
10 14 (0.85%) Windows Server 2012
11 10 (0.61%) SUSE
11 10 (0.61%) Windows Server 2019
12 9 (0.55%) Android
12 9 (0.55%) Oracle Linux
12 9 (0.55%) VMS
13 8 (0.49%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 5 (0.30%) Debian
15 4 (0.24%) Windows NT
15 4 (0.24%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,084 (65.86%) DevOps
2 554 (33.66%) Agile Software Development
3 428 (26.00%) Infrastructure as Code
4 269 (16.34%) Microservices
4 269 (16.34%) Software Engineering
5 156 (9.48%) Configuration Management
6 153 (9.30%) Asset Management
7 150 (9.11%) Migration
8 149 (9.05%) Continuous Integration
9 147 (8.93%) Test Automation
10 144 (8.75%) TDD
11 137 (8.32%) Investment Management
12 128 (7.78%) Scrum
13 117 (7.11%) Continuous Delivery
14 98 (5.95%) Deployment Automation
15 93 (5.65%) Open Source
16 89 (5.41%) Infrastructure Automation
17 81 (4.92%) Continuous Deployment
18 79 (4.80%) Site Reliability Engineering
19 66 (4.01%) Infrastructure Engineering
Programming Languages
1 650 (39.49%) Python
2 426 (25.88%) Java
3 301 (18.29%) JavaScript
4 227 (13.79%) Bash Shell
5 226 (13.73%) PowerShell
6 160 (9.72%) SQL
7 148 (8.99%) Go
8 128 (7.78%) C#
9 117 (7.11%) TypeScript
10 84 (5.10%) Ruby
11 75 (4.56%) Kotlin
12 69 (4.19%) Shell Script
13 63 (3.83%) Scala
14 30 (1.82%) C++
15 29 (1.76%) Perl
16 26 (1.58%) Groovy
17 22 (1.34%) PHP
18 21 (1.28%) R
19 15 (0.91%) Java 8
20 13 (0.79%) C
Qualifications
1 304 (18.47%) Security Cleared
2 255 (15.49%) SC Cleared
3 76 (4.62%) Degree
4 47 (2.86%) DV Cleared
5 42 (2.55%) AWS Certification
6 17 (1.03%) Computer Science Degree
7 15 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
8 8 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
9 7 (0.43%) CCA
10 6 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
10 6 (0.36%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 5 (0.30%) CCNA
11 5 (0.30%) CISSP
11 5 (0.30%) MCSE
12 4 (0.24%) CCNP
13 3 (0.18%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 2 (0.12%) Network+ Certification
14 2 (0.12%) Novell Certification
15 1 (0.061%) CISA
15 1 (0.061%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (1.88%) QA
2 19 (1.15%) NIST
3 10 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 8 (0.49%) SLA
5 6 (0.36%) GDPR
6 3 (0.18%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.12%) HIPAA
7 2 (0.12%) WCAG
8 1 (0.061%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.061%) NCSC
8 1 (0.061%) NIST 800
System Software
1 706 (42.89%) Docker
2 86 (5.22%) VMware Infrastructure
3 83 (5.04%) Active Directory
4 37 (2.25%) Virtual Machines
5 36 (2.19%) VMware ESXi
6 35 (2.13%) Hyper-V
7 31 (1.88%) vSphere
8 20 (1.22%) VMware NSX
9 12 (0.73%) NFS
10 11 (0.67%) GlusterFS
11 10 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 9 (0.55%) VMFS
13 8 (0.49%) Microsoft App-V
13 8 (0.49%) Varnish
14 5 (0.30%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
15 4 (0.24%) oVirt
16 3 (0.18%) VirtualBox
16 3 (0.18%) XenApp
16 3 (0.18%) XenDesktop
17 2 (0.12%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 851 (51.70%) Kubernetes
2 611 (37.12%) Ansible
3 199 (12.09%) Puppet
4 140 (8.51%) Opscode Chef
5 90 (5.47%) Prometheus
6 70 (4.25%) Grafana
7 68 (4.13%) Packer
8 51 (3.10%) Consul
9 41 (2.49%) Kibana
10 36 (2.19%) Istio
11 29 (1.76%) logstash
12 20 (1.22%) vCenter Server
13 19 (1.15%) Docker Swarm
13 19 (1.15%) Rancher
14 18 (1.09%) Fluentd
15 16 (0.97%) ZABBIX
16 12 (0.73%) Single Sign-On
16 12 (0.73%) vRealize Orchestrator
17 11 (0.67%) Salt
18 10 (0.61%) vRealize
Vendors
1 146 (8.87%) Microsoft
2 118 (7.17%) VMware
3 116 (7.05%) Google
4 74 (4.50%) Splunk
5 53 (3.22%) Oracle
6 51 (3.10%) Red Hat
7 44 (2.67%) Atlassian
8 42 (2.55%) Cloudera
9 36 (2.19%) Bloomberg
9 36 (2.19%) SAP
10 32 (1.94%) Dell
11 27 (1.64%) Hortonworks
12 26 (1.58%) AppDynamics
13 24 (1.46%) Cisco
14 22 (1.34%) Palo Alto
15 16 (0.97%) IBM
15 16 (0.97%) New Relic
16 15 (0.91%) F5
17 14 (0.85%) CheckPoint
17 14 (0.85%) HP