Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK > England
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 37 62 78
Rank change year-on-year +25 +16 +66
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,221 1,872 2,720
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.23% 3.63% 3.11%
As % of the Systems Management category 32.51% 24.81% 20.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,719 1,379 1,975
10th Percentile £419 £415 £450
25th Percentile £475 £488 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £560
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% -1.79% +1.82%
75th Percentile £613 £650 £638
90th Percentile £700 £713 £688
UK median daily rate £535 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -2.73% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 2 7
10th Percentile £22.75 £35.67 £44.30
25th Percentile £37.50 £36.10 £68.50
Median hourly rate £59.00 £38.55 £70.00
Median % change year-on-year +53.07% -44.94% +7.69%
75th Percentile £61.63 £40.51 £70.50
90th Percentile £62.25 £40.65 £80.60
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £39.50 £70.00
% change year-on-year +26.58% -43.57% +7.69%

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 6,832 7,544 13,122
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 16.07% 14.62% 14.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,882 5,254 8,992
10th Percentile £335 £263 £313
25th Percentile £413 £400 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £592 £599 £594
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 112 198 290
10th Percentile £14.00 £12.42 £12.00
25th Percentile £16.25 £13.72 £14.00
Median hourly rate £22.75 £17.50 £18.25
Median % change year-on-year +30.00% -4.11% +4.29%
75th Percentile £44.43 £24.86 £27.44
90th Percentile £61.23 £43.66 £49.55
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £18.11 £18.50
% change year-on-year +32.56% -2.14% +5.71%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the England region over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +21 1,478 £550 -4.35% 429
South East +51 189 £515 +3.00% 105
North of England -5 173 £500 -9.09% 179
North West -3 107 £500 -4.76% 87
South West +26 88 £500 -9.09% 58
East of England +13 56 £550 +10.00% 39
Yorkshire -6 52 £475 -18.10% 72
Midlands -32 38 £521 +9.68% 69
West Midlands -20 31 £525 +5.00% 54
North East +1 14 £510 +2.00% 20
East Midlands -10 6 £444 +4.41% 15
Terraform
UK

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,395 (62.81%) DevOps
2 1,237 (55.70%) AWS
3 1,062 (47.82%) Kubernetes
4 915 (41.20%) Azure
5 903 (40.66%) Docker
6 729 (32.82%) Ansible
7 728 (32.78%) Python
8 727 (32.73%) Agile Software Development
9 590 (26.56%) Infrastructure as Code
10 576 (25.93%) Linux
11 505 (22.74%) Finance
12 477 (21.48%) Java
13 460 (20.71%) Jenkins
14 434 (19.54%) JavaScript
15 408 (18.37%) Serverless
16 395 (17.78%) Node.js
16 395 (17.78%) GCP
17 390 (17.56%) Software Engineering
18 387 (17.42%) Security Cleared
19 340 (15.31%) React
20 334 (15.04%) Web Services
21 312 (14.05%) SC Cleared
22 305 (13.73%) Microservices
23 299 (13.46%) AWS Lambda
24 297 (13.37%) PowerShell
25 292 (13.15%) Git (software)
26 257 (11.57%) Front Office
27 256 (11.53%) Amazon S3
28 248 (11.17%) TypeScript
29 240 (10.81%) Asset Management

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (3.60%) Confluence
2 71 (3.20%) Apache
3 66 (2.97%) Elasticsearch
4 64 (2.88%) Apache Spark
5 41 (1.85%) nginx
6 27 (1.22%) Apache Airflow
7 21 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
8 20 (0.90%) SharePoint
8 20 (0.90%) Tomcat
9 19 (0.86%) WebSphere
10 14 (0.63%) WebSphere Application Server
11 13 (0.59%) OpenStack
12 11 (0.50%) CMS
13 8 (0.36%) Apache ServiceMix
13 8 (0.36%) IBM Domino
13 8 (0.36%) JBoss
14 5 (0.23%) IIS
14 5 (0.23%) Jupyter
14 5 (0.23%) MS Exchange
14 5 (0.23%) WebLogic
Applications
1 15 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.23%) Chatbot
3 4 (0.18%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.14%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (0.45%) Sentinel
2 8 (0.36%) Magento
3 7 (0.32%) Shopify
4 3 (0.14%) assyst
4 3 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.090%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.090%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.045%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.045%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.045%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.045%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.045%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.045%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.045%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,237 (55.70%) AWS
2 915 (41.20%) Azure
3 408 (18.37%) Serverless
4 395 (17.78%) GCP
5 299 (13.46%) AWS Lambda
6 256 (11.53%) Amazon S3
7 222 (10.00%) PaaS
8 208 (9.37%) AWS CloudFormation
9 176 (7.92%) GitHub
10 170 (7.65%) Amazon SQS
11 153 (6.89%) AWS Step Functions
12 148 (6.66%) Amazon EKS
13 146 (6.57%) IaaS
14 101 (4.55%) OpenShift
15 83 (3.74%) Amazon EC2
15 83 (3.74%) SaaS
16 79 (3.56%) Amazon ECS
17 55 (2.48%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 51 (2.30%) Azure Active Directory
19 50 (2.25%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 110 (4.95%) Firewall
2 65 (2.93%) DNS
3 33 (1.49%) VPN
4 22 (0.99%) Network Security
5 21 (0.95%) SSH
5 21 (0.95%) WAN
6 20 (0.90%) SSL
7 19 (0.86%) DHCP
8 18 (0.81%) HTTP
9 17 (0.77%) TCP/IP
10 15 (0.68%) Internet
11 14 (0.63%) NAS
11 14 (0.63%) SAN
12 13 (0.59%) Unified Communications
13 11 (0.50%) FTP
14 9 (0.41%) Cisco ASA
14 9 (0.41%) VSAN
15 8 (0.36%) LAN
15 8 (0.36%) Multicast
15 8 (0.36%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 223 (10.04%) Amazon RDS
2 190 (8.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 100 (4.50%) PostgreSQL
4 75 (3.38%) Big Data
5 59 (2.66%) NoSQL
6 57 (2.57%) SQL Server
7 55 (2.48%) MySQL
8 54 (2.43%) MongoDB
9 52 (2.34%) BigQuery
10 51 (2.30%) Azure SQL Database
11 45 (2.03%) Hadoop
12 37 (1.67%) Data Warehouse
13 28 (1.26%) Redis
14 26 (1.17%) Data Lake
15 25 (1.13%) Apache Ignite
16 19 (0.86%) Relational Database
17 18 (0.81%) Cloud Spanner
18 17 (0.77%) Amazon Redshift
19 16 (0.72%) Apache Cassandra
20 15 (0.68%) Bigtable
Development Applications
1 460 (20.71%) Jenkins
2 292 (13.15%) Git (software)
3 171 (7.70%) GitLab
4 129 (5.81%) JIRA
5 82 (3.69%) Maven
6 63 (2.84%) SonarQube
7 54 (2.43%) CircleCI
8 48 (2.16%) Artifactory
9 45 (2.03%) Selenium
10 43 (1.94%) Bitbucket
11 40 (1.80%) TeamCity
12 37 (1.67%) Sonatype Nexus
13 36 (1.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 36 (1.62%) Cucumber
14 35 (1.58%) Visual Studio
15 30 (1.35%) Visual Studio Team System
16 28 (1.26%) Gradle
17 24 (1.08%) Travis CI
18 23 (1.04%) JUnit
18 23 (1.04%) Vagrant
General
1 505 (22.74%) Finance
2 257 (11.57%) Front Office
3 138 (6.21%) Public Sector
4 115 (5.18%) Banking
5 58 (2.61%) Telecoms
6 53 (2.39%) Marketing
7 37 (1.67%) Retail
8 30 (1.35%) Electronics
8 30 (1.35%) Manufacturing
9 17 (0.77%) Billing
10 12 (0.54%) Advertising
11 11 (0.50%) Investment Banking
12 8 (0.36%) Financial Institution
13 6 (0.27%) iGaming
13 6 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
13 6 (0.27%) Publishing
14 5 (0.23%) Law
15 4 (0.18%) Games
15 4 (0.18%) German Language
15 4 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 788 (35.48%) DevOps Engineer
2 540 (24.31%) Developer
3 325 (14.63%) AWS Engineer
4 256 (11.53%) AWS DevOps
5 254 (11.44%) Azure Engineer
6 245 (11.03%) React Developer
7 211 (9.50%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 206 (9.28%) Cloud Engineer
9 205 (9.23%) Architect
10 190 (8.55%) AWS Developer
11 152 (6.84%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 139 (6.26%) Full Stack Developer
13 122 (5.49%) Senior DevOps
14 116 (5.22%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 107 (4.82%) Azure DevOps
16 89 (4.01%) JavaScript Developer
16 89 (4.01%) Kubernetes Engineer
17 86 (3.87%) Node.js Developer
18 80 (3.60%) Platform Engineer
19 73 (3.29%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 395 (17.78%) Node.js
2 340 (15.31%) React
3 334 (15.04%) Web Services
4 191 (8.60%) .NET
5 136 (6.12%) Kafka
6 130 (5.85%) REST
7 88 (3.96%) .NET Core
8 71 (3.20%) Elastic Stack
9 70 (3.15%) Spring
10 54 (2.43%) YAML
11 53 (2.39%) JSON
12 50 (2.25%) Spring Boot
13 42 (1.89%) CSS
13 42 (1.89%) GraphQL
14 41 (1.85%) .NET Framework
15 39 (1.76%) RESTful
16 38 (1.71%) AngularJS
17 37 (1.67%) gRPC
18 35 (1.58%) RabbitMQ
19 26 (1.17%) Protocol Buffers
Miscellaneous
1 138 (6.21%) Cloud Native
2 109 (4.91%) Public Cloud
3 81 (3.65%) Data Centre
4 71 (3.20%) User Experience
5 55 (2.48%) Analytical Skills
6 46 (2.07%) Greenfield Project
7 42 (1.89%) Hybrid Cloud
8 33 (1.49%) Algorithms
9 32 (1.44%) Linux Command Line
9 32 (1.44%) Mobile App
10 31 (1.40%) Fixed Income
11 28 (1.26%) Hedge funds
11 28 (1.26%) Private Cloud
12 25 (1.13%) Derivative
12 25 (1.13%) Enterprise Software
13 24 (1.08%) Data Structures
14 23 (1.04%) Equities
15 22 (0.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 20 (0.90%) Management Information System
17 18 (0.81%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 576 (25.93%) Linux
2 227 (10.22%) Windows
3 77 (3.47%) Windows Server
4 63 (2.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 61 (2.75%) Unix
6 43 (1.94%) CentOS
7 20 (0.90%) Ubuntu
8 17 (0.77%) Windows Server 2008
9 16 (0.72%) Solaris
10 14 (0.63%) VMS
11 12 (0.54%) Windows Server 2016
12 11 (0.50%) Windows Server 2019
13 10 (0.45%) Android
14 9 (0.41%) CoreOS
14 9 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
15 6 (0.27%) SUSE
15 6 (0.27%) Windows 10
16 5 (0.23%) HPUX
16 5 (0.23%) Oracle Linux
17 4 (0.18%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,395 (62.81%) DevOps
2 727 (32.73%) Agile Software Development
3 590 (26.56%) Infrastructure as Code
4 390 (17.56%) Software Engineering
5 305 (13.73%) Microservices
6 240 (10.81%) Asset Management
7 239 (10.76%) Investment Management
8 197 (8.87%) Configuration Management
9 187 (8.42%) Migration
10 160 (7.20%) Test Automation
11 153 (6.89%) Scrum
12 145 (6.53%) Continuous Integration
13 138 (6.21%) TDD
14 127 (5.72%) Open Source
15 104 (4.68%) Site Reliability Engineering
16 96 (4.32%) Deployment Automation
17 93 (4.19%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 92 (4.14%) Continuous Delivery
18 92 (4.14%) Infrastructure Automation
19 85 (3.83%) Portfolio Management
Programming Languages
1 728 (32.78%) Python
2 477 (21.48%) Java
3 434 (19.54%) JavaScript
4 297 (13.37%) PowerShell
5 248 (11.17%) TypeScript
6 228 (10.27%) Bash Shell
7 206 (9.28%) SQL
8 166 (7.47%) C#
9 138 (6.21%) Go
10 94 (4.23%) Kotlin
11 90 (4.05%) Ruby
12 55 (2.48%) Shell Script
13 44 (1.98%) C++
14 43 (1.94%) Scala
15 37 (1.67%) Groovy
16 34 (1.53%) Perl
17 28 (1.26%) PHP
18 22 (0.99%) Rust
19 21 (0.95%) C
20 17 (0.77%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 387 (17.42%) Security Cleared
2 312 (14.05%) SC Cleared
3 98 (4.41%) Degree
4 69 (3.11%) DV Cleared
5 40 (1.80%) AWS Certification
6 13 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
6 13 (0.59%) Computer Science Degree
7 9 (0.41%) CISSP
8 8 (0.36%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 6 (0.27%) Cisco Certification
10 5 (0.23%) CTC Cleared
10 5 (0.23%) ISEB
10 5 (0.23%) RHCE
11 4 (0.18%) CCNP
11 4 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.18%) RHCA
12 3 (0.14%) CCNA
12 3 (0.14%) CISM
12 3 (0.14%) MCSE
12 3 (0.14%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (1.76%) QA
2 15 (0.68%) NIST
3 11 (0.50%) SLA
4 7 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.23%) NCSC
6 4 (0.18%) Data Quality
6 4 (0.18%) WCAG
7 3 (0.14%) GDPR
8 2 (0.090%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.045%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.045%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.045%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.045%) NIST 800
System Software
1 903 (40.66%) Docker
2 93 (4.19%) VMware Infrastructure
3 90 (4.05%) Active Directory
4 46 (2.07%) Virtual Machines
5 39 (1.76%) Hyper-V
6 26 (1.17%) VMware ESXi
7 16 (0.72%) vSphere
8 14 (0.63%) VMware NSX
9 12 (0.54%) NFS
10 10 (0.45%) KVM
10 10 (0.45%) Microsoft App-V
11 8 (0.36%) Oracle RAC
11 8 (0.36%) Varnish
12 7 (0.32%) GlusterFS
12 7 (0.32%) Postfix
12 7 (0.32%) qmail
13 6 (0.27%) VMFS
14 5 (0.23%) VirtualBox
15 4 (0.18%) SRDF
15 4 (0.18%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,062 (47.82%) Kubernetes
2 729 (32.82%) Ansible
3 195 (8.78%) Puppet
4 164 (7.38%) Opscode Chef
5 101 (4.55%) Prometheus
6 77 (3.47%) Packer
7 75 (3.38%) Grafana
8 45 (2.03%) Istio
9 41 (1.85%) Kibana
10 37 (1.67%) Consul
11 32 (1.44%) logstash
12 31 (1.40%) Docker Swarm
13 23 (1.04%) vRealize
14 22 (0.99%) Nagios
15 21 (0.95%) Rancher
16 19 (0.86%) Fluentd
16 19 (0.86%) Microsoft Intune
17 16 (0.72%) Argo
17 16 (0.72%) vCenter Server
18 14 (0.63%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 220 (9.91%) Microsoft
2 181 (8.15%) Google
3 137 (6.17%) VMware
4 64 (2.88%) Oracle
5 62 (2.79%) Splunk
6 48 (2.16%) Red Hat
7 42 (1.89%) SAP
8 33 (1.49%) Databricks
9 31 (1.40%) IBM
10 29 (1.31%) Atlassian
10 29 (1.31%) Cisco
11 25 (1.13%) New Relic
12 23 (1.04%) AppDynamics
12 23 (1.04%) Bloomberg
13 21 (0.95%) Cloudera
13 21 (0.95%) Hortonworks
14 17 (0.77%) Dynatrace
15 16 (0.72%) NetApp
15 16 (0.72%) Palo Alto
16 15 (0.68%) Dell