Period
to 1 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 1 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK > England
6 months to
1 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 57 69 101
Rank change year-on-year +12 +32 +131
Contract jobs citing Terraform 1,036 2,636 2,375
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.00% 3.29% 2.55%
As % of the Systems Management category 25.12% 22.17% 18.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 903 1,867 1,858
Median daily rate £525 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.70% +4.55% +4.76%
10th Percentile £381 £450 £425
90th Percentile £675 £701 £675
UK median daily rate £530 £575 £550
% change year-on-year -7.83% +4.55% +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 7 1
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £65.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -46.15% -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £65.00
% change year-on-year - -46.15% -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 4,125 11,889 13,020
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.91% 14.85% 13.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,660 8,087 8,868
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £313 £294 £300
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £490
% change year-on-year - +2.04% +5.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 117 269 363
Median hourly rate £35.00 £20.50 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +70.73% +13.89% +2.86%
10th Percentile £13.86 £12.44 £12.25
90th Percentile £47.83 £54.10 £47.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £18.50
% change year-on-year +62.79% +16.22% +2.78%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the England region over the 6 months to 1 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 603 £550 -8.33% 271
North of England +48 165 £525 - 115
North West +36 100 £525 -2.33% 75
South East +82 89 £500 -6.98% 70
South West +10 52 £525 -12.50% 42
East of England +28 37 £500 -4.76% 29
Yorkshire +64 33 £444 -11.25% 28
Midlands -12 30 £450 -12.20% 56
North East +39 27 £495 - 12
West Midlands -4 22 £473 -9.92% 43
East Midlands +16 8 £405 -19.00% 13
Terraform
UK

For the 6 months to 1 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 765 (73.84%) DevOps
2 632 (61.00%) AWS
3 554 (53.47%) Kubernetes
4 470 (45.37%) Python
5 465 (44.88%) Docker
6 434 (41.89%) Ansible
7 391 (37.74%) Azure
8 382 (36.87%) Agile Software Development
9 357 (34.46%) Jenkins
10 332 (32.05%) Linux
11 302 (29.15%) Java
12 286 (27.61%) Infrastructure as Code
13 219 (21.14%) Puppet
14 206 (19.88%) Security Cleared
15 196 (18.92%) Microservices
16 191 (18.44%) Git (software)
17 183 (17.66%) Bash Shell
18 177 (17.08%) SC Cleared
19 167 (16.12%) GitLab
20 162 (15.64%) Finance
21 159 (15.35%) Serverless
22 156 (15.06%) Continuous Integration
23 153 (14.77%) AWS CloudFormation
24 151 (14.58%) Software Engineering
25 142 (13.71%) PowerShell
25 142 (13.71%) Configuration Management
26 140 (13.51%) GCP
27 139 (13.42%) Amazon EC2
28 137 (13.22%) Web Services
29 132 (12.74%) Amazon S3

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (5.02%) Elasticsearch
2 46 (4.44%) Confluence
3 31 (2.99%) Apache
4 29 (2.80%) nginx
5 22 (2.12%) Apache Spark
6 19 (1.83%) OpenStack
7 16 (1.54%) Tomcat
8 14 (1.35%) Jupyter
9 9 (0.87%) Apache Airflow
10 7 (0.68%) Cloud Foundry
11 5 (0.48%) SharePoint
12 4 (0.39%) BizTalk Server
12 4 (0.39%) Exchange Server 2010
12 4 (0.39%) IIS
12 4 (0.39%) MS Exchange
13 3 (0.29%) Ethereum
13 3 (0.29%) IBM Domino
13 3 (0.29%) JBoss
13 3 (0.29%) SAS
14 2 (0.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 1 (0.097%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.097%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.097%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
1 2 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
1 2 (0.19%) R3 Corda
2 1 (0.097%) Magento
2 1 (0.097%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.097%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 632 (61.00%) AWS
2 391 (37.74%) Azure
3 159 (15.35%) Serverless
4 153 (14.77%) AWS CloudFormation
5 140 (13.51%) GCP
6 139 (13.42%) Amazon EC2
7 132 (12.74%) Amazon S3
8 123 (11.87%) AWS Lambda
9 114 (11.00%) Amazon ECS
10 103 (9.94%) GitHub
11 89 (8.59%) OpenShift
12 69 (6.66%) Amazon SQS
13 65 (6.27%) Amazon EKS
14 62 (5.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 60 (5.79%) PaaS
16 59 (5.69%) IaaS
17 48 (4.63%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 44 (4.25%) Route 53
19 29 (2.80%) AWS CloudTrail
20 27 (2.61%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 78 (7.53%) Firewall
2 48 (4.63%) DNS
3 31 (2.99%) Reverse Proxy
4 26 (2.51%) HTTP
4 26 (2.51%) VLAN
5 19 (1.83%) VPN
6 17 (1.64%) SNMP
6 17 (1.64%) TCP/IP
7 14 (1.35%) Kerberos
8 13 (1.25%) Network Security
9 12 (1.16%) Internet
10 9 (0.87%) SSL
11 6 (0.58%) DHCP
12 5 (0.48%) Skype
13 4 (0.39%) BGP
13 4 (0.39%) OSPF
13 4 (0.39%) Remote Desktop
13 4 (0.39%) WAN
14 3 (0.29%) DSL
14 3 (0.29%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 117 (11.29%) Amazon RDS
2 88 (8.49%) Big Data
3 82 (7.92%) Hadoop
4 80 (7.72%) PostgreSQL
5 65 (6.27%) Amazon Redshift
6 54 (5.21%) MySQL
7 48 (4.63%) SQL Server
8 47 (4.54%) NoSQL
9 42 (4.05%) MongoDB
10 33 (3.19%) Relational Database
11 24 (2.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 21 (2.03%) Apache Hive
13 19 (1.83%) BigQuery
14 18 (1.74%) Cosmos DB
14 18 (1.74%) Redis
15 13 (1.25%) Apache Cassandra
15 13 (1.25%) Azure SQL Database
15 13 (1.25%) Oracle Database
16 12 (1.16%) Amazon Aurora
17 11 (1.06%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 357 (34.46%) Jenkins
2 191 (18.44%) Git (software)
3 167 (16.12%) GitLab
4 91 (8.78%) JIRA
5 74 (7.14%) Artifactory
6 60 (5.79%) Maven
7 47 (4.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 38 (3.67%) Bitbucket
8 38 (3.67%) RStudio
8 38 (3.67%) TeamCity
9 34 (3.28%) SonarQube
10 33 (3.19%) Sonatype Nexus
11 28 (2.70%) JUnit
12 26 (2.51%) Cucumber
12 26 (2.51%) Gradle
13 25 (2.41%) CircleCI
14 19 (1.83%) Selenium
15 14 (1.35%) Subversion
15 14 (1.35%) Visual Studio Team System
16 12 (1.16%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 162 (15.64%) Finance
2 93 (8.98%) Public Sector
3 56 (5.41%) Front Office
4 49 (4.73%) Banking
5 28 (2.70%) Retail
6 24 (2.32%) Marketing
7 20 (1.93%) Telecoms
8 18 (1.74%) Manufacturing
9 13 (1.25%) Electronics
10 10 (0.97%) Investment Banking
11 6 (0.58%) Law
12 5 (0.48%) Billing
12 5 (0.48%) Local Government
12 5 (0.48%) Retail Banking
13 4 (0.39%) Games
13 4 (0.39%) Retail Finance
14 3 (0.29%) Corporate Banking
14 3 (0.29%) Legal
14 3 (0.29%) Publishing
15 2 (0.19%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 436 (42.08%) DevOps Engineer
2 196 (18.92%) AWS Engineer
3 179 (17.28%) Developer
4 164 (15.83%) AWS DevOps
5 137 (13.22%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 102 (9.85%) Cloud Engineer
7 96 (9.27%) Azure Engineer
8 67 (6.47%) Senior DevOps
9 65 (6.27%) Architect
10 64 (6.18%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 60 (5.79%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 58 (5.60%) Kubernetes Engineer
13 49 (4.73%) Python Developer
14 48 (4.63%) Python Engineer
15 47 (4.54%) AWS Developer
15 47 (4.54%) Java Developer
16 44 (4.25%) Full Stack Developer
17 35 (3.38%) Platform Engineer
18 34 (3.28%) Azure DevOps
18 34 (3.28%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 137 (13.22%) Web Services
2 99 (9.56%) Node.js
3 71 (6.85%) REST
4 67 (6.47%) Kafka
5 66 (6.37%) React
6 64 (6.18%) RESTful
7 62 (5.98%) Spring
8 58 (5.60%) Spring Boot
9 52 (5.02%) J2EE
10 51 (4.92%) .NET
11 45 (4.34%) Elastic Stack
12 44 (4.25%) J2SE
13 41 (3.96%) CSS
14 40 (3.86%) AngularJS
15 34 (3.28%) RabbitMQ
16 33 (3.19%) HTML
17 30 (2.90%) Swagger
18 28 (2.70%) LDAP
19 25 (2.41%) .NET Core
20 24 (2.32%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 56 (5.41%) Fixed Income
2 55 (5.31%) Equities
3 54 (5.21%) Derivative
3 54 (5.21%) Public Cloud
4 42 (4.05%) Cloud Native
5 41 (3.96%) Data Centre
6 36 (3.47%) Analytical Skills
7 26 (2.51%) User Experience
8 23 (2.22%) Hybrid Cloud
9 21 (2.03%) Linux Command Line
10 20 (1.93%) Greenfield Project
11 13 (1.25%) Private Cloud
12 12 (1.16%) FMCG
13 11 (1.06%) Blog
14 10 (0.97%) Mobile App
15 9 (0.87%) Algorithms
15 9 (0.87%) Data Structures
15 9 (0.87%) PKI
15 9 (0.87%) Self-Motivation
16 8 (0.77%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 332 (32.05%) Linux
2 120 (11.58%) Windows
3 57 (5.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 55 (5.31%) CentOS
5 41 (3.96%) Unix
5 41 (3.96%) Windows Server
6 39 (3.76%) Windows Server 2016
7 32 (3.09%) Windows 10
8 16 (1.54%) Ubuntu
9 11 (1.06%) VMS
10 10 (0.97%) Windows Server 2012
11 9 (0.87%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 7 (0.68%) Mac OS X
12 7 (0.68%) Windows Server 2019
13 6 (0.58%) Oracle Linux
13 6 (0.58%) SUSE
13 6 (0.58%) Windows Server 2008
14 5 (0.48%) Debian
15 4 (0.39%) Windows NT
15 4 (0.39%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 765 (73.84%) DevOps
2 382 (36.87%) Agile Software Development
3 286 (27.61%) Infrastructure as Code
4 196 (18.92%) Microservices
5 156 (15.06%) Continuous Integration
6 151 (14.58%) Software Engineering
7 142 (13.71%) Configuration Management
8 110 (10.62%) Migration
8 110 (10.62%) Scrum
9 99 (9.56%) Continuous Delivery
10 98 (9.46%) Deployment Automation
10 98 (9.46%) TDD
11 92 (8.88%) Open Source
12 89 (8.59%) Test Automation
13 87 (8.40%) Infrastructure Automation
14 67 (6.47%) Continuous Deployment
15 59 (5.69%) Asset Management
15 59 (5.69%) Decision-Making
16 45 (4.34%) Kanban
16 45 (4.34%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 470 (45.37%) Python
2 302 (29.15%) Java
3 183 (17.66%) Bash Shell
4 142 (13.71%) PowerShell
5 116 (11.20%) JavaScript
6 97 (9.36%) Go
7 86 (8.30%) SQL
8 70 (6.76%) C#
9 61 (5.89%) Ruby
10 57 (5.50%) Shell Script
11 50 (4.83%) R
12 41 (3.96%) Scala
12 41 (3.96%) TypeScript
13 29 (2.80%) Groovy
14 27 (2.61%) Java 8
15 24 (2.32%) PHP
16 10 (0.97%) Perl
17 8 (0.77%) PL/SQL
18 7 (0.68%) C++
19 6 (0.58%) C
Qualifications
1 206 (19.88%) Security Cleared
2 177 (17.08%) SC Cleared
3 47 (4.54%) AWS Certification
4 28 (2.70%) DV Cleared
5 25 (2.41%) Degree
6 15 (1.45%) BPSS Clearance
7 14 (1.35%) CCA
8 7 (0.68%) Cisco Certification
9 6 (0.58%) CISSP
9 6 (0.58%) Computer Science Degree
9 6 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
10 5 (0.48%) CISM
11 4 (0.39%) CCNA
11 4 (0.39%) MCSE
11 4 (0.39%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 3 (0.29%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 2 (0.19%) CCNP
13 2 (0.19%) CESG Certified Professional
13 2 (0.19%) CRISC
13 2 (0.19%) Novell Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (2.80%) QA
2 10 (0.97%) GDPR
2 10 (0.97%) NIST
3 6 (0.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.39%) SLA
5 3 (0.29%) HIPAA
5 3 (0.29%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.19%) NCSC
7 1 (0.097%) FedRAMP
System Software
1 465 (44.88%) Docker
2 60 (5.79%) VMware Infrastructure
3 45 (4.34%) Active Directory
4 29 (2.80%) vSphere
5 22 (2.12%) VMware ESXi
6 19 (1.83%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (1.16%) Hyper-V
8 8 (0.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 8 (0.77%) NFS
9 7 (0.68%) GlusterFS
10 4 (0.39%) vCloud
10 4 (0.39%) VMware NSX
10 4 (0.39%) Xen
11 3 (0.29%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 3 (0.29%) oVirt
11 3 (0.29%) Varnish
12 2 (0.19%) HDFS
12 2 (0.19%) LXC
12 2 (0.19%) PowerDNS
12 2 (0.19%) zsh
Systems Management
1 554 (53.47%) Kubernetes
2 434 (41.89%) Ansible
3 219 (21.14%) Puppet
4 123 (11.87%) Opscode Chef
5 94 (9.07%) Packer
6 58 (5.60%) Prometheus
7 50 (4.83%) Grafana
8 25 (2.41%) Kibana
9 21 (2.03%) Consul
9 21 (2.03%) ZABBIX
10 16 (1.54%) Istio
11 14 (1.35%) Nagios
12 12 (1.16%) Salt
13 11 (1.06%) Single Sign-On
14 9 (0.87%) logstash
15 6 (0.58%) Microsoft Clustering
15 6 (0.58%) Rancher
16 5 (0.48%) Data Guard
16 5 (0.48%) PingFederate
17 4 (0.39%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
Vendors
1 77 (7.43%) Microsoft
2 76 (7.34%) Cloudera
3 64 (6.18%) VMware
4 59 (5.69%) Google
5 47 (4.54%) Splunk
6 45 (4.34%) Hortonworks
7 40 (3.86%) Oracle
8 35 (3.38%) Red Hat
9 31 (2.99%) Atlassian
10 27 (2.61%) Dell
11 25 (2.41%) SAP
12 15 (1.45%) EMC
12 15 (1.45%) SaltStack
13 14 (1.35%) Cisco
14 12 (1.16%) NetApp
15 11 (1.06%) HP
15 11 (1.06%) New Relic
16 10 (0.97%) AppDynamics
16 10 (0.97%) CheckPoint
16 10 (0.97%) Tableau