Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK > England
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 39 45 58
Rank change year-on-year +6 +13 +17
Contract jobs citing Terraform 3,937 2,704 1,497
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.43% 5.13% 4.06%
As % of the Systems Management category 34.50% 32.15% 26.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,935 2,030 1,142
10th Percentile £463 £433 £413
25th Percentile £513 £488 £488
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £545 £550
Median % change year-on-year +10.09% -0.91% -2.22%
75th Percentile £688 £625 £638
90th Percentile £775 £713 £713
UK median daily rate £600 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +9.09% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 9 2
10th Percentile - £45.75 £35.67
25th Percentile - £57.00 £36.10
Median hourly rate - £60.00 £38.55
Median % change year-on-year - +55.66% -44.94%
75th Percentile - £62.25 £40.51
90th Percentile - £77.30 £40.65
UK median hourly rate £37.75 £60.75 £39.50
% change year-on-year -37.86% +53.80% -43.57%

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 11,412 8,410 5,740
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.73% 15.95% 15.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,364 5,947 4,052
10th Percentile £363 £350 £304
25th Percentile £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £675 £602 £600
90th Percentile £751 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £570 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +8.57% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 160 114 116
10th Percentile £12.86 £15.00 £12.42
25th Percentile £15.25 £18.00 £14.50
Median hourly rate £22.00 £23.11 £19.50
Median % change year-on-year -4.78% +18.49% +5.41%
75th Percentile £41.58 £47.63 £25.66
90th Percentile £67.63 £60.00 £47.67
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £34.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -33.82% +70.00% +5.26%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the England region over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -6 2,513 £625 +13.64% 360
North of England +24 437 £550 +4.76% 114
South East +7 295 £575 +9.52% 60
North West +18 243 £575 +15.00% 60
South West +22 163 £550 +10.00% 50
Yorkshire +19 153 £548 +4.29% 39
East of England +6 97 £600 +9.09% 29
Midlands -15 97 £550 +4.76% 34
West Midlands -24 79 £550 +4.76% 23
North East +17 63 £538 -10.42% 15
East Midlands -4 16 £525 +12.90% 11
Terraform
UK

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 2,693 (68.40%) DevOps
2 1,973 (50.11%) AWS
3 1,941 (49.30%) Kubernetes
4 1,911 (48.54%) CI/CD
5 1,782 (45.26%) Azure
6 1,492 (37.90%) Python
7 1,453 (36.91%) Docker
8 1,387 (35.23%) Ansible
9 1,327 (33.71%) Agile
10 1,183 (30.05%) Infrastructure as Code
11 1,098 (27.89%) Jenkins
12 1,043 (26.49%) Linux
13 804 (20.42%) Security Cleared
14 725 (18.42%) Finance
15 720 (18.29%) SC Cleared
16 682 (17.32%) Java
17 671 (17.04%) Azure DevOps
18 663 (16.84%) Git (software)
19 644 (16.36%) GCP
20 637 (16.18%) PowerShell
21 601 (15.27%) GitLab
22 597 (15.16%) Bash
23 583 (14.81%) Serverless
24 545 (13.84%) Microservices
25 519 (13.18%) Microsoft
26 467 (11.86%) AWS CloudFormation
27 454 (11.53%) Test Automation
28 453 (11.51%) Social Skills
29 443 (11.25%) GitHub
30 434 (11.02%) JavaScript

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 197 (5.00%) Confluence
2 135 (3.43%) nginx
3 93 (2.36%) Apache Spark
4 79 (2.01%) Apache
5 56 (1.42%) Apache Airflow
6 45 (1.14%) OpenStack
7 42 (1.07%) IIS
8 41 (1.04%) SharePoint
9 35 (0.89%) Traefik
10 30 (0.76%) Cloud Foundry
11 18 (0.46%) Tomcat
12 13 (0.33%) MS Exchange
13 11 (0.28%) Mule
14 10 (0.25%) Drupal
15 8 (0.20%) CMS
16 7 (0.18%) Jupyter
16 7 (0.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 7 (0.18%) WordPress
17 5 (0.13%) JBoss
18 4 (0.10%) uWSGI
Applications
1 40 (1.02%) MS Visio
2 15 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.025%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.025%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 9 (0.23%) assyst
2 5 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.076%) Cloudability
4 2 (0.051%) Bloomberg AIM
4 2 (0.051%) Magento
4 2 (0.051%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.051%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.051%) Shopify
5 1 (0.025%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.025%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.025%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.025%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.025%) TIBCO iProcess
Cloud Services
1 1,973 (50.11%) AWS
2 1,782 (45.26%) Azure
3 671 (17.04%) Azure DevOps
4 644 (16.36%) GCP
5 583 (14.81%) Serverless
6 467 (11.86%) AWS CloudFormation
7 443 (11.25%) GitHub
8 385 (9.78%) PaaS
9 382 (9.70%) AWS Lambda
10 306 (7.77%) Amazon EC2
10 306 (7.77%) IaaS
11 246 (6.25%) Amazon EKS
12 218 (5.54%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 216 (5.49%) Amazon S3
14 214 (5.44%) Azure AKS
15 207 (5.26%) Amazon ECS
16 176 (4.47%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 142 (3.61%) Azure Monitor
18 137 (3.48%) SaaS
19 130 (3.30%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 233 (5.92%) DNS
2 199 (5.05%) Firewall
3 112 (2.84%) VPN
4 88 (2.24%) TCP/IP
5 82 (2.08%) Network Security
6 67 (1.70%) DHCP
7 61 (1.55%) HTTP
8 47 (1.19%) SSL
9 43 (1.09%) WAN
10 39 (0.99%) FTP
11 38 (0.97%) Internet
12 35 (0.89%) IPv4
13 33 (0.84%) BGP
14 32 (0.81%) IPsec
15 30 (0.76%) SMTP
15 30 (0.76%) SSH
16 22 (0.56%) LAN
17 21 (0.53%) SD-WAN
18 17 (0.43%) HTTPS
19 14 (0.36%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 191 (4.85%) PostgreSQL
2 181 (4.60%) SQL Server
3 166 (4.22%) Amazon RDS
4 129 (3.28%) MongoDB
4 129 (3.28%) MySQL
5 118 (3.00%) Big Data
6 116 (2.95%) DynamoDB
7 99 (2.51%) NoSQL
8 77 (1.96%) Relational Database
9 73 (1.85%) Elasticsearch
10 68 (1.73%) Data Lake
11 54 (1.37%) Oracle Database
12 53 (1.35%) BigQuery
13 51 (1.30%) Azure SQL Database
14 49 (1.24%) Amazon Redshift
15 47 (1.19%) Data Warehouse
16 44 (1.12%) Hadoop
17 33 (0.84%) Couchbase
17 33 (0.84%) Power BI
18 31 (0.79%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 1,098 (27.89%) Jenkins
2 663 (16.84%) Git (software)
3 601 (15.27%) GitLab
4 376 (9.55%) JIRA
5 212 (5.38%) Maven
6 166 (4.22%) CircleCI
7 155 (3.94%) TeamCity
8 147 (3.73%) Gradle
9 126 (3.20%) Artifactory
10 117 (2.97%) SonarQube
11 113 (2.87%) Sonatype Nexus
12 76 (1.93%) Visual Studio
13 70 (1.78%) Travis CI
14 66 (1.68%) gulp
15 65 (1.65%) Selenium
16 57 (1.45%) Bitbucket
17 54 (1.37%) Cucumber
18 53 (1.35%) Team Foundation Server
19 47 (1.19%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 43 (1.09%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 725 (18.42%) Finance
2 453 (11.51%) Social Skills
3 382 (9.70%) Public Sector
4 224 (5.69%) Banking
5 179 (4.55%) Analytical Skills
6 95 (2.41%) Retail
7 86 (2.18%) Telecoms
8 59 (1.50%) Front Office
9 44 (1.12%) Presentation Skills
10 39 (0.99%) Legal
11 34 (0.86%) Financial Institution
12 33 (0.84%) Marketing
13 32 (0.81%) Investment Banking
14 28 (0.71%) Law
15 25 (0.64%) Games
15 25 (0.64%) Manufacturing
16 24 (0.61%) Documentation Skills
16 24 (0.61%) Publishing
17 23 (0.58%) Electronics
18 21 (0.53%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 1,612 (40.94%) DevOps Engineer
2 630 (16.00%) AWS Engineer
3 555 (14.10%) Azure Engineer
4 532 (13.51%) Developer
5 424 (10.77%) AWS DevOps
6 384 (9.75%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 378 (9.60%) Cloud Engineer
8 289 (7.34%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 271 (6.88%) Architect
10 189 (4.80%) Kubernetes Engineer
11 172 (4.37%) Data Engineer
12 171 (4.34%) GCP Engineer
13 168 (4.27%) Platform Engineer
14 161 (4.09%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 133 (3.38%) Senior DevOps
16 132 (3.35%) Java Developer
17 121 (3.07%) Cloud Architect
18 120 (3.05%) Azure Architect
19 115 (2.92%) GCP DevOps
20 114 (2.90%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 334 (8.48%) Kafka
2 251 (6.38%) React
3 250 (6.35%) .NET
4 215 (5.46%) Node.js
5 161 (4.09%) REST
6 150 (3.81%) ARM Templates
7 147 (3.73%) Elastic Stack
8 134 (3.40%) Spring
9 116 (2.95%) HTML
10 114 (2.90%) CSS
11 104 (2.64%) YAML
12 98 (2.49%) Spring Boot
13 96 (2.44%) RESTful
14 94 (2.39%) .NET Core
14 94 (2.39%) JSON
15 72 (1.83%) AngularJS
16 67 (1.70%) HTML5
17 62 (1.57%) RabbitMQ
18 57 (1.45%) OAuth
19 56 (1.42%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 295 (7.49%) Public Cloud
2 274 (6.96%) Cloud Native
3 226 (5.74%) Data Protection Act
4 149 (3.78%) Greenfield Project
5 116 (2.95%) Data Centre
6 96 (2.44%) PKI
7 82 (2.08%) Hybrid Cloud
8 81 (2.06%) Private Cloud
9 72 (1.83%) Hedge funds
9 72 (1.83%) Linux Command Line
10 68 (1.73%) Virtual Team
11 50 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
12 48 (1.22%) Clustering
13 47 (1.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 44 (1.12%) NHS
15 43 (1.09%) Fixed Income
15 43 (1.09%) Management Information System
16 39 (0.99%) Enterprise Software
17 38 (0.97%) Equities
18 33 (0.84%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 1,043 (26.49%) Linux
2 378 (9.60%) Windows
3 199 (5.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 152 (3.86%) Unix
5 118 (3.00%) Windows Server
6 106 (2.69%) CentOS
7 66 (1.68%) Ubuntu
8 44 (1.12%) VMS
9 42 (1.07%) Windows Server 2019
10 31 (0.79%) Windows Server 2016
11 18 (0.46%) Debian
12 14 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
13 13 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
14 12 (0.30%) Android
15 11 (0.28%) Windows Server 2003
16 10 (0.25%) Apple iOS
17 8 (0.20%) Windows 10
18 7 (0.18%) Amazon Linux
19 6 (0.15%) Data ONTAP
19 6 (0.15%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,693 (68.40%) DevOps
2 1,911 (48.54%) CI/CD
3 1,327 (33.71%) Agile
4 1,183 (30.05%) Infrastructure as Code
5 545 (13.84%) Microservices
6 454 (11.53%) Test Automation
7 388 (9.86%) Configuration Management
8 376 (9.55%) Continuous Integration
9 360 (9.14%) Scrum
10 339 (8.61%) Software Engineering
11 331 (8.41%) Migration
12 316 (8.03%) Platform Engineering
13 303 (7.70%) Problem-Solving
14 283 (7.19%) TDD
15 277 (7.04%) Data Protection
16 240 (6.10%) Deployment Automation
17 239 (6.07%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 232 (5.89%) Analytics
18 232 (5.89%) Site Reliability Engineering
19 231 (5.87%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,492 (37.90%) Python
2 682 (17.32%) Java
3 637 (16.18%) PowerShell
4 597 (15.16%) Bash
5 434 (11.02%) JavaScript
6 380 (9.65%) SQL
7 363 (9.22%) Go
8 281 (7.14%) C#
9 208 (5.28%) TypeScript
10 189 (4.80%) Ruby
11 160 (4.06%) Groovy
12 118 (3.00%) Shell Script
13 101 (2.57%) Scala
14 94 (2.39%) C
15 67 (1.70%) C++
16 55 (1.40%) Perl
17 45 (1.14%) Rust
18 28 (0.71%) ES6
19 25 (0.64%) PHP
20 21 (0.53%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 804 (20.42%) Security Cleared
2 720 (18.29%) SC Cleared
3 134 (3.40%) AWS Certification
4 103 (2.62%) Degree
5 92 (2.34%) DV Cleared
6 39 (0.99%) BPSS Clearance
7 29 (0.74%) Computer Science Degree
8 24 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
9 17 (0.43%) OCP
9 17 (0.43%) Oracle Certification
10 16 (0.41%) RHCE
11 13 (0.33%) MCSE
12 11 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
12 11 (0.28%) CISSP
13 10 (0.25%) JNCIS
14 9 (0.23%) ITIL Certification
15 6 (0.15%) CCIE
16 5 (0.13%) CCA
16 5 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
17 4 (0.10%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 88 (2.24%) QA
2 40 (1.02%) NCSC
3 33 (0.84%) GDPR
4 19 (0.48%) SLA
5 13 (0.33%) Data Quality
6 10 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 9 (0.23%) Accessibility
8 4 (0.10%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 4 (0.10%) NIST
8 4 (0.10%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.076%) GLBA
9 3 (0.076%) OASIS TOSCA
10 2 (0.051%) Cyber Essentials
10 2 (0.051%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 2 (0.051%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.051%) ISO 22301
10 2 (0.051%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.051%) MiFID
10 2 (0.051%) PMO
11 1 (0.025%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,453 (36.91%) Docker
2 177 (4.50%) Active Directory
2 177 (4.50%) VMware Infrastructure
3 90 (2.29%) Virtual Machines
4 40 (1.02%) vSphere
5 33 (0.84%) Hyper-V
6 26 (0.66%) NFS
7 20 (0.51%) VMware NSX
8 17 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
9 16 (0.41%) Virtual Desktop
10 15 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 12 (0.30%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 12 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
12 11 (0.28%) KVM
12 11 (0.28%) vCloud
13 9 (0.23%) Firmware
13 9 (0.23%) oVirt
14 8 (0.20%) Ceph
15 6 (0.15%) XenApp
16 4 (0.10%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 1,941 (49.30%) Kubernetes
2 1,387 (35.23%) Ansible
3 378 (9.60%) Puppet
4 284 (7.21%) Prometheus
5 272 (6.91%) Opscode Chef
6 257 (6.53%) Packer
7 217 (5.51%) Grafana
8 138 (3.51%) Consul
9 130 (3.30%) Istio
10 93 (2.36%) Docker Swarm
11 67 (1.70%) ZABBIX
12 53 (1.35%) Kibana
13 50 (1.27%) HAProxy
14 42 (1.07%) Salt
15 41 (1.04%) Graphite
15 41 (1.04%) Microsoft Intune
16 38 (0.97%) Rancher
17 34 (0.86%) linkerd
18 33 (0.84%) Active Directory Federation Services
18 33 (0.84%) Podman
Vendors
1 519 (13.18%) Microsoft
2 274 (6.96%) Google
3 270 (6.86%) VMware
4 198 (5.03%) Splunk
5 139 (3.53%) Red Hat
6 127 (3.23%) Oracle
7 118 (3.00%) Databricks
8 74 (1.88%) AppDynamics
9 73 (1.85%) Dynatrace
10 70 (1.78%) ServiceNow
11 67 (1.70%) Cisco
12 57 (1.45%) PagerDuty
13 48 (1.22%) New Relic
14 39 (0.99%) Citrix
15 36 (0.91%) Atlassian
15 36 (0.91%) NetApp
16 35 (0.89%) Palo Alto
17 32 (0.81%) IBM
18 31 (0.79%) SAP
19 26 (0.66%) Dell