Period
to 24 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 24 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK > England
6 months to
24 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 57 75 130
Rank change year-on-year +18 +55 +197
Contract jobs citing Terraform 1,628 2,665 1,871
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.78% 3.18% 2.03%
As % of the Systems Management category 25.25% 21.16% 15.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,217 1,889 1,485
Median daily rate £550 £560 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.79% +1.82% +4.76%
10th Percentile £413 £450 £425
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 5 1
Median hourly rate £35.00 £70.00 £65.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -50.00% +7.69% -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £70.00 £65.00
% change year-on-year -50.00% +7.69% -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 6,448 12,593 12,071
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.96% 15.03% 13.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,266 8,421 8,103
Median daily rate £500 £500 £498
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +0.50% +8.15%
10th Percentile £281 £313 £290
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £480
% change year-on-year - +4.17% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 188 307 286
Median hourly rate £21.50 £19.50 £17.52
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.26% +11.30% -16.57%
10th Percentile £13.00 £12.00 £11.73
90th Percentile £47.08 £49.70 £50.00
Median hourly rate £22.00 £20.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year +10.00% +11.11% -21.74%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in England over the 6 months to 24 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform in England.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in England

Terraform
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the England region over the 6 months to 24 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +11 944 £575 - 111
North of England +28 269 £550 - 74
South East +42 138 £500 -4.76% 26
North West +19 129 £525 -7.08% 46
South West +9 95 £553 +0.45% 22
Yorkshire +46 94 £600 +26.32% 21
Midlands +4 90 £450 -16.28% 18
East of England +38 74 £500 - 12
West Midlands +7 58 £475 -13.64% 11
North East +17 40 £425 -19.05% 7
East Midlands +13 29 £425 -20.93% 7
Terraform
UK

For the 6 months to 24 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,213 (74.51%) DevOps
2 1,018 (62.53%) AWS
3 858 (52.70%) Kubernetes
4 788 (48.40%) Docker
5 743 (45.64%) Ansible
6 676 (41.52%) Python
7 656 (40.29%) Agile Software Development
8 654 (40.17%) Jenkins
9 540 (33.17%) Azure
10 471 (28.93%) Linux
11 461 (28.32%) Java
12 445 (27.33%) Infrastructure as Code
13 335 (20.58%) Git (software)
14 315 (19.35%) Finance
15 301 (18.49%) Puppet
16 294 (18.06%) GCP
17 269 (16.52%) AWS CloudFormation
17 269 (16.52%) Continuous Integration
18 260 (15.97%) Serverless
19 254 (15.60%) Security Cleared
19 254 (15.60%) Microservices
20 246 (15.11%) Amazon EC2
21 223 (13.70%) Software Engineering
22 221 (13.57%) Amazon S3
23 214 (13.14%) Opscode Chef
24 213 (13.08%) Configuration Management
25 210 (12.90%) AWS Lambda
26 209 (12.84%) GitLab
27 206 (12.65%) JavaScript
28 202 (12.41%) JIRA

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 132 (8.11%) Confluence
2 71 (4.36%) Elasticsearch
3 57 (3.50%) nginx
4 52 (3.19%) Apache Spark
5 33 (2.03%) Apache
6 24 (1.47%) Tomcat
7 16 (0.98%) Cloud Foundry
8 13 (0.80%) IIS
8 13 (0.80%) OpenStack
8 13 (0.80%) SAS
9 10 (0.61%) JBoss
10 8 (0.49%) Apache Airflow
10 8 (0.49%) Drupal
11 7 (0.43%) CMS
12 6 (0.37%) WebSphere
13 5 (0.31%) GemFire
14 4 (0.25%) Mule
15 3 (0.18%) Oracle Workflow
15 3 (0.18%) SharePoint
15 3 (0.18%) WildFly
Applications
1 2 (0.12%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.061%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.061%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.061%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.061%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 7 (0.43%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 6 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
3 3 (0.18%) Eikon
3 3 (0.18%) Shopify
4 1 (0.061%) Actimize
4 1 (0.061%) Maximo
4 1 (0.061%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.061%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 1,018 (62.53%) AWS
2 540 (33.17%) Azure
3 294 (18.06%) GCP
4 269 (16.52%) AWS CloudFormation
5 260 (15.97%) Serverless
6 246 (15.11%) Amazon EC2
7 221 (13.57%) Amazon S3
8 210 (12.90%) AWS Lambda
9 165 (10.14%) Amazon ECS
10 155 (9.52%) OpenShift
11 133 (8.17%) GitHub
12 106 (6.51%) Amazon SQS
13 104 (6.39%) PaaS
14 83 (5.10%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 82 (5.04%) IaaS
16 78 (4.79%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 62 (3.81%) Route 53
18 59 (3.62%) Amazon EKS
19 45 (2.76%) Amazon ELB
20 43 (2.64%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 75 (4.61%) HTTP
2 70 (4.30%) DNS
3 69 (4.24%) Firewall
4 60 (3.69%) TCP/IP
5 30 (1.84%) VPN
6 23 (1.41%) SSL
7 14 (0.86%) Kerberos
8 11 (0.68%) DSL
8 11 (0.68%) Network Security
8 11 (0.68%) WAN
9 9 (0.55%) Internet
9 9 (0.55%) Reverse Proxy
10 8 (0.49%) SAN
11 7 (0.43%) Cisco Nexus
11 7 (0.43%) FTP
11 7 (0.43%) Skype
12 6 (0.37%) LAN
12 6 (0.37%) SNMP
13 5 (0.31%) DHCP
13 5 (0.31%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 131 (8.05%) Big Data
2 127 (7.80%) Amazon RDS
3 104 (6.39%) Amazon Redshift
4 77 (4.73%) Hadoop
5 70 (4.30%) MySQL
6 66 (4.05%) NoSQL
7 58 (3.56%) PostgreSQL
8 43 (2.64%) Relational Database
9 42 (2.58%) MongoDB
10 39 (2.40%) Data Warehouse
11 34 (2.09%) BigQuery
12 31 (1.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 31 (1.90%) SQL Server
13 25 (1.54%) Redis
14 22 (1.35%) Apache Cassandra
15 21 (1.29%) RDBMS
16 20 (1.23%) Data Lake
17 19 (1.17%) Oracle Database
18 17 (1.04%) Amazon Athena
18 17 (1.04%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 654 (40.17%) Jenkins
2 335 (20.58%) Git (software)
3 209 (12.84%) GitLab
4 202 (12.41%) JIRA
5 138 (8.48%) Artifactory
6 104 (6.39%) CircleCI
7 86 (5.28%) Bitbucket
8 67 (4.12%) Selenium
9 59 (3.62%) Maven
10 57 (3.50%) RStudio
10 57 (3.50%) SonarQube
11 55 (3.38%) Sonatype Nexus
12 48 (2.95%) Travis CI
13 43 (2.64%) Cucumber
14 42 (2.58%) Visual Studio Team System
15 30 (1.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 26 (1.60%) Subversion
16 26 (1.60%) TeamCity
17 21 (1.29%) webpack
18 20 (1.23%) SoapUI
General
1 315 (19.35%) Finance
2 115 (7.06%) Public Sector
3 95 (5.84%) Front Office
4 82 (5.04%) Banking
5 32 (1.97%) Marketing
6 31 (1.90%) Retail
7 27 (1.66%) Investment Banking
8 26 (1.60%) Telecoms
9 20 (1.23%) Manufacturing
10 18 (1.11%) Electronics
11 12 (0.74%) Games
11 12 (0.74%) Law
12 11 (0.68%) Financial Institution
13 9 (0.55%) Legal
13 9 (0.55%) Publishing
14 6 (0.37%) Advertising
15 4 (0.25%) Police
16 3 (0.18%) Automotive
16 3 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
17 1 (0.061%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 747 (45.88%) DevOps Engineer
2 317 (19.47%) AWS Engineer
3 254 (15.60%) AWS DevOps
4 244 (14.99%) Developer
5 222 (13.64%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 136 (8.35%) Cloud Engineer
7 130 (7.99%) Senior DevOps
8 117 (7.19%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 116 (7.13%) Azure Engineer
10 111 (6.82%) Architect
11 99 (6.08%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 88 (5.41%) Platform Engineer
13 86 (5.28%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 85 (5.22%) Java Developer
15 80 (4.91%) Python Engineer
16 72 (4.42%) AWS Developer
17 66 (4.05%) Azure DevOps
18 57 (3.50%) Data Engineer
19 56 (3.44%) Cloud Architect
20 51 (3.13%) Lead DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 193 (11.86%) Web Services
2 185 (11.36%) Node.js
3 116 (7.13%) Kafka
4 92 (5.65%) React
5 85 (5.22%) Elastic Stack
6 73 (4.48%) J2EE
7 68 (4.18%) J2SE
8 64 (3.93%) AngularJS
9 62 (3.81%) .NET
10 61 (3.75%) REST
11 60 (3.69%) Spring
12 54 (3.32%) Redux
13 51 (3.13%) CSS
14 47 (2.89%) RESTful
15 39 (2.40%) Spring Boot
16 36 (2.21%) JSON
17 33 (2.03%) GraphQL
18 31 (1.90%) RabbitMQ
19 27 (1.66%) Middleware
20 25 (1.54%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 107 (6.57%) Public Cloud
2 80 (4.91%) Fixed Income
3 78 (4.79%) Derivative
3 78 (4.79%) Equities
4 70 (4.30%) Cloud Native
5 65 (3.99%) Analytical Skills
6 58 (3.56%) Greenfield Project
7 51 (3.13%) Data Centre
8 44 (2.70%) Linux Command Line
9 30 (1.84%) Blog
10 26 (1.60%) Hybrid Cloud
11 24 (1.47%) User Experience
12 22 (1.35%) Enterprise Software
13 19 (1.17%) Self-Motivation
14 17 (1.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 16 (0.98%) Private Cloud
16 15 (0.92%) Hedge funds
16 15 (0.92%) Mobile App
17 14 (0.86%) Data Structures
17 14 (0.86%) Enterprise Storage
Operating Systems
1 471 (28.93%) Linux
2 133 (8.17%) Windows
3 81 (4.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 81 (4.98%) Unix
4 44 (2.70%) Windows Server
5 43 (2.64%) CentOS
6 18 (1.11%) Android
6 18 (1.11%) Apple iOS
6 18 (1.11%) Ubuntu
7 9 (0.55%) CoreOS
8 8 (0.49%) Windows Server 2016
9 6 (0.37%) Mac OS
9 6 (0.37%) Mac OS X
10 5 (0.31%) Debian
10 5 (0.31%) Windows 10
10 5 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
11 4 (0.25%) Solaris
12 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2019
13 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,213 (74.51%) DevOps
2 656 (40.29%) Agile Software Development
3 445 (27.33%) Infrastructure as Code
4 269 (16.52%) Continuous Integration
5 254 (15.60%) Microservices
6 223 (13.70%) Software Engineering
7 213 (13.08%) Configuration Management
8 179 (11.00%) Open Source
9 157 (9.64%) Migration
10 154 (9.46%) Scrum
11 139 (8.54%) Test Automation
12 132 (8.11%) Continuous Delivery
13 123 (7.56%) Deployment Automation
14 121 (7.43%) Infrastructure Automation
15 112 (6.88%) TDD
16 99 (6.08%) Asset Management
17 93 (5.71%) Kanban
18 78 (4.79%) Decision-Making
19 76 (4.67%) Mentoring
20 70 (4.30%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 676 (41.52%) Python
2 461 (28.32%) Java
3 206 (12.65%) JavaScript
4 199 (12.22%) Bash Shell
5 179 (11.00%) PowerShell
6 132 (8.11%) Go
7 129 (7.92%) Ruby
8 119 (7.31%) SQL
9 78 (4.79%) C#
9 78 (4.79%) Groovy
10 71 (4.36%) R
11 69 (4.24%) TypeScript
12 53 (3.26%) Perl
13 50 (3.07%) Scala
14 47 (2.89%) PHP
15 43 (2.64%) Java 8
16 37 (2.27%) Shell Script
17 23 (1.41%) Kotlin
18 22 (1.35%) ES6
19 17 (1.04%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 254 (15.60%) Security Cleared
2 200 (12.29%) SC Cleared
3 46 (2.83%) AWS Certification
4 31 (1.90%) DV Cleared
5 21 (1.29%) Degree
6 18 (1.11%) BPSS Clearance
6 18 (1.11%) Microsoft Certification
7 16 (0.98%) Cisco Certification
8 13 (0.80%) Computer Science Degree
8 13 (0.80%) ISTQB
9 9 (0.55%) CISSP
10 8 (0.49%) CISM
10 8 (0.49%) ISEB
10 8 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 7 (0.43%) CCA
11 7 (0.43%) CCNA
11 7 (0.43%) DBS Check
11 7 (0.43%) MCSA
12 6 (0.37%) OCP
12 6 (0.37%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (2.46%) QA
2 7 (0.43%) NIST
3 6 (0.37%) GDPR
3 6 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 4 (0.25%) NCSC
4 4 (0.25%) PCI DSS
5 3 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.12%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.061%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.061%) FedRAMP
7 1 (0.061%) SLA
System Software
1 788 (48.40%) Docker
2 44 (2.70%) VMware Infrastructure
3 43 (2.64%) Active Directory
4 18 (1.11%) Virtual Machines
5 15 (0.92%) vSphere
6 8 (0.49%) Hyper-V
7 7 (0.43%) VMware NSX
8 5 (0.31%) HDFS
8 5 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.18%) Oracle RAC
9 3 (0.18%) Xen
10 2 (0.12%) Apache Flume
10 2 (0.12%) Varnish
10 2 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.12%) XenApp
10 2 (0.12%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.061%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.061%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.061%) zsh
Systems Management
1 858 (52.70%) Kubernetes
2 743 (45.64%) Ansible
3 301 (18.49%) Puppet
4 214 (13.14%) Opscode Chef
5 112 (6.88%) Packer
6 50 (3.07%) Salt
7 49 (3.01%) Prometheus
8 41 (2.52%) Grafana
9 40 (2.46%) Consul
10 34 (2.09%) Istio
11 30 (1.84%) Docker Swarm
12 27 (1.66%) logstash
13 23 (1.41%) Rancher
14 22 (1.35%) Kibana
15 18 (1.11%) Nagios
16 12 (0.74%) vRealize Orchestrator
17 10 (0.61%) Hadoop YARN
18 8 (0.49%) Mesos
19 6 (0.37%) HAProxy
19 6 (0.37%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 149 (9.15%) Google
2 94 (5.77%) Microsoft
3 81 (4.98%) Cloudera
4 56 (3.44%) Oracle
5 51 (3.13%) Hortonworks
5 51 (3.13%) VMware
6 49 (3.01%) Splunk
7 44 (2.70%) Red Hat
8 29 (1.78%) New Relic
9 23 (1.41%) SAP
10 20 (1.23%) Atlassian
11 16 (0.98%) Confluent
12 13 (0.80%) TOWER Software
13 12 (0.74%) Databricks
13 12 (0.74%) MapR
14 11 (0.68%) AppDynamics
14 11 (0.68%) Fortinet
14 11 (0.68%) HP
15 10 (0.61%) CheckPoint
15 10 (0.61%) MuleSoft