Period
to 25 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RESTful skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RESTful over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

RESTful
UK > England
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 118 104 96
Rank change year-on-year -14 -8 -16
Contract jobs citing RESTful 1,522 656 1,960
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.24% 2.40% 2.55%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.61% 7.56% 8.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,095 478 1,382
10th Percentile £375 £350 £356
25th Percentile £450 £407 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £488 £490
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% -0.51% -2.00%
75th Percentile £638 £575 £560
90th Percentile £714 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £480
% change year-on-year +10.53% -1.04% -1.54%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 5 9
10th Percentile £35.25 £36.29 £32.40
25th Percentile £44.88 £42.00 £48.50
Median hourly rate £52.50 £52.50 £115.00
Median % change year-on-year - -54.35% +228.57%
75th Percentile £64.75 £55.00 £122.50
90th Percentile £67.80 " "
UK median hourly rate £54.50 £52.50 £89.17
% change year-on-year +3.81% -41.12% +154.76%

RESTful is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 20,011 8,673 24,072
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 29.50% 31.72% 31.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,674 6,249 17,143
10th Percentile £363 £313 £340
25th Percentile £438 £400 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £713 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £495 £500
% change year-on-year +6.06% -1.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 218 64 211
10th Percentile £18.57 £22.50 £16.25
25th Percentile £31.44 £30.00 £31.25
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -6.67% +8.15%
75th Percentile £63.44 £54.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £72.85 £60.13 £73.75
UK median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +15.29% -5.56% +8.15%

RESTful
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RESTful as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RESTful in England

RESTful
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RESTful in England.

Daily rate trend for RESTful in England

RESTful
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RESTful in England over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for RESTful in England

RESTful
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RESTful in England.

Hourly rate trend for RESTful in England

RESTful
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RESTful in England over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for RESTful in England

RESTful
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RESTful within the England region over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 979 £550 +10.00% 345
North of England -13 136 £480 +12.94% 133
South East -56 135 £460 -5.64% 80
North West -15 75 £480 +32.41% 68
Midlands -53 69 £475 +26.67% 74
South West -40 50 £506 -3.57% 32
East of England -38 45 £475 +11.76% 61
Yorkshire -27 39 £500 -2.44% 41
West Midlands -63 35 £475 +13.61% 49
East Midlands -22 32 £488 +31.76% 23
North East +10 26 £500 +6.67% 24
South Coast - 1 - -
RESTful
UK

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing RESTful also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for RESTful.

1 841 (55.26%) Agile Software Development
2 759 (49.87%) Java
3 563 (36.99%) JavaScript
4 495 (32.52%) Microservices
5 460 (30.22%) Git (software)
6 423 (27.79%) TDD
7 392 (25.76%) Spring
8 385 (25.30%) SQL
9 361 (23.72%) HTML
10 356 (23.39%) DevOps
11 342 (22.47%) Social Skills
12 340 (22.34%) CSS
12 340 (22.34%) AWS
13 328 (21.55%) Azure
14 322 (21.16%) Web Services
14 322 (21.16%) Scrum
15 307 (20.17%) Jenkins
16 305 (20.04%) Test Automation
17 290 (19.05%) Docker
18 275 (18.07%) React
19 268 (17.61%) C#
20 267 (17.54%) Finance
20 267 (17.54%) Node.js
21 262 (17.21%) Spring Boot
22 260 (17.08%) .NET
23 243 (15.97%) Continuous Integration
23 243 (15.97%) AngularJS
24 241 (15.83%) Full Stack Development
25 233 (15.31%) Kubernetes
26 228 (14.98%) Python

RESTful
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (5.39%) Confluence
2 52 (3.42%) Tomcat
3 49 (3.22%) Elasticsearch
4 39 (2.56%) Apache Spark
5 36 (2.37%) CMS
6 35 (2.30%) Apache
7 20 (1.31%) SharePoint
8 15 (0.99%) nginx
8 15 (0.99%) WebSphere
9 11 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 11 (0.72%) Headless CMS
9 11 (0.72%) IIS
10 10 (0.66%) Cloud Foundry
10 10 (0.66%) Jetty
10 10 (0.66%) Mule
11 9 (0.59%) JBoss
12 8 (0.53%) Apache Pig
12 8 (0.53%) EPiServer
12 8 (0.53%) WebLogic
13 7 (0.46%) Gunicorn
Applications
1 16 (1.05%) Chatbot
2 4 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.20%) Figma
3 3 (0.20%) Zeplin
4 1 (0.066%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.066%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 15 (0.99%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.53%) SAP Hybris
2 8 (0.53%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 8 (0.53%) SAP S/4HANA
3 7 (0.46%) Magento
4 4 (0.26%) Oracle Financials
5 3 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
6 2 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
6 2 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.066%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.066%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.066%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.066%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.066%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 340 (22.34%) AWS
2 328 (21.55%) Azure
3 140 (9.20%) Serverless
4 77 (5.06%) GitHub
5 76 (4.99%) GCP
6 74 (4.86%) npm
7 67 (4.40%) AWS Lambda
8 55 (3.61%) SaaS
9 53 (3.48%) Amazon S3
10 49 (3.22%) PaaS
11 44 (2.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 43 (2.83%) Amazon EC2
13 42 (2.76%) OpenShift
14 36 (2.37%) Power Platform
15 31 (2.04%) Amazon EKS
15 31 (2.04%) Amazon SQS
16 29 (1.91%) Amazon ECS
17 25 (1.64%) Azure Functions
17 25 (1.64%) Azure Service Bus
18 22 (1.45%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 79 (5.19%) HTTP
2 29 (1.91%) SSL
3 27 (1.77%) TCP/IP
4 23 (1.51%) Internet
5 8 (0.53%) RTMP
6 6 (0.39%) ATM
6 6 (0.39%) VPN
6 6 (0.39%) Wireless
7 5 (0.33%) DNS
7 5 (0.33%) Intranet
8 4 (0.26%) Bluetooth
8 4 (0.26%) DHCP
8 4 (0.26%) Ethernet
8 4 (0.26%) IPv4
8 4 (0.26%) IPv6
8 4 (0.26%) Kerberos
8 4 (0.26%) MQTT
8 4 (0.26%) VLAN
8 4 (0.26%) Wi-Fi
8 4 (0.26%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 176 (11.56%) SQL Server
2 150 (9.86%) NoSQL
3 124 (8.15%) Relational Database
4 118 (7.75%) MongoDB
5 108 (7.10%) PostgreSQL
6 101 (6.64%) Redis
7 91 (5.98%) MySQL
8 46 (3.02%) Big Data
9 43 (2.83%) Hazelcast
10 40 (2.63%) RDBMS
11 39 (2.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 39 (2.56%) Oracle Database
12 38 (2.50%) Data Lake
13 33 (2.17%) Power BI
14 32 (2.10%) Data Warehouse
15 28 (1.84%) Apache Cassandra
16 27 (1.77%) Hadoop
17 20 (1.31%) Tableau
18 19 (1.25%) Azure SQL Database
19 17 (1.12%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 460 (30.22%) Git (software)
2 307 (20.17%) Jenkins
3 203 (13.34%) Maven
4 194 (12.75%) JIRA
5 109 (7.16%) Selenium
6 108 (7.10%) JUnit
7 104 (6.83%) Cucumber
8 66 (4.34%) Postman
9 59 (3.88%) Gradle
10 57 (3.75%) webpack
11 56 (3.68%) Mockito
12 55 (3.61%) GitLab
13 53 (3.48%) Jasmine
14 47 (3.09%) Karma Test Runner
15 45 (2.96%) JMeter
16 43 (2.83%) NUnit
17 41 (2.69%) TeamCity
18 37 (2.43%) Mocha
19 35 (2.30%) Visual Studio
20 34 (2.23%) Android Studio
General
1 342 (22.47%) Social Skills
2 267 (17.54%) Finance
3 185 (12.16%) Banking
4 109 (7.16%) Analytical Skills
5 88 (5.78%) Investment Banking
6 73 (4.80%) Public Sector
7 68 (4.47%) Front Office
8 60 (3.94%) Retail
9 40 (2.63%) Presentation Skills
10 38 (2.50%) Marketing
11 23 (1.51%) Games
11 23 (1.51%) Telecoms
12 22 (1.45%) Documentation Skills
13 18 (1.18%) Electronics
14 17 (1.12%) Manufacturing
15 15 (0.99%) Publishing
16 13 (0.85%) Influencing Skills
17 11 (0.72%) Financial Institution
18 9 (0.59%) Back Office
19 8 (0.53%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,060 (69.65%) Developer
2 349 (22.93%) Java Developer
3 227 (14.91%) Senior Developer
4 117 (7.69%) Full Stack Developer
5 111 (7.29%) Senior Java Developer
6 101 (6.64%) Architect
7 99 (6.50%) .NET Developer
8 76 (4.99%) React Developer
9 68 (4.47%) Software Engineer
10 64 (4.20%) Angular Developer
10 64 (4.20%) C# Developer
10 64 (4.20%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 51 (3.35%) JavaScript Developer
12 49 (3.22%) iOS Developer
13 48 (3.15%) Java Engineer
14 46 (3.02%) Solutions Architect
15 43 (2.83%) Android Developer
16 42 (2.76%) Python Developer
16 42 (2.76%) Software Developer
17 39 (2.56%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 392 (25.76%) Spring
2 361 (23.72%) HTML
3 340 (22.34%) CSS
4 322 (21.16%) Web Services
5 275 (18.07%) React
6 267 (17.54%) Node.js
7 262 (17.21%) Spring Boot
8 260 (17.08%) .NET
9 243 (15.97%) AngularJS
10 195 (12.81%) JSON
11 137 (9.00%) HTML5
12 114 (7.49%) SOAP
13 106 (6.96%) .NET Core
13 106 (6.96%) XML
14 105 (6.90%) Kafka
15 104 (6.83%) .NET Framework
15 104 (6.83%) REST
16 92 (6.04%) ASP.NET Web API
16 92 (6.04%) GraphQL
16 92 (6.04%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 124 (8.15%) User Experience
2 81 (5.32%) Data Structures
3 65 (4.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 62 (4.07%) Algorithms
5 60 (3.94%) Greenfield Project
6 49 (3.22%) Derivative
6 49 (3.22%) Self-Motivation
7 43 (2.83%) Mobile App
8 41 (2.69%) Fixed Income
9 35 (2.30%) Enterprise Software
10 33 (2.17%) Public Cloud
11 30 (1.97%) Data Protection Act
12 22 (1.45%) Cloud Native
13 21 (1.38%) Client/Server
14 16 (1.05%) NHS
15 13 (0.85%) Animation
16 12 (0.79%) Equities
17 10 (0.66%) Management Information System
17 10 (0.66%) RIA
18 9 (0.59%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 129 (8.48%) Linux
2 90 (5.91%) Android
3 80 (5.26%) Apple iOS
4 66 (4.34%) Unix
5 37 (2.43%) Windows
6 13 (0.85%) Windows Server
7 11 (0.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 9 (0.59%) Mac OS
9 8 (0.53%) tvOS
10 5 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
10 5 (0.33%) Windows Server 2016
11 4 (0.26%) Embedded Linux
11 4 (0.26%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.26%) VMS
12 3 (0.20%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.066%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 841 (55.26%) Agile Software Development
2 495 (32.52%) Microservices
3 423 (27.79%) TDD
4 356 (23.39%) DevOps
5 322 (21.16%) Scrum
6 305 (20.04%) Test Automation
7 243 (15.97%) Continuous Integration
8 241 (15.83%) Full Stack Development
9 212 (13.93%) Software Engineering
10 202 (13.27%) BDD
11 200 (13.14%) MVC
12 194 (12.75%) Unit Testing
13 181 (11.89%) OO
14 167 (10.97%) Problem-Solving
15 150 (9.86%) API Development
16 141 (9.26%) API Design
16 141 (9.26%) Front End Development
17 127 (8.34%) Multithreading
18 116 (7.62%) OOP
19 108 (7.10%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 759 (49.87%) Java
2 563 (36.99%) JavaScript
3 385 (25.30%) SQL
4 268 (17.61%) C#
5 228 (14.98%) Python
6 183 (12.02%) Java 8
7 168 (11.04%) TypeScript
8 93 (6.11%) Scala
9 84 (5.52%) Kotlin
10 82 (5.39%) ES6
11 62 (4.07%) Apple Swift
12 48 (3.15%) PHP
13 46 (3.02%) PL/SQL
14 44 (2.89%) Ruby
15 40 (2.63%) Objective-C
16 37 (2.43%) Shell Script
17 35 (2.30%) Java 11
18 34 (2.23%) C
18 34 (2.23%) T-SQL
19 31 (2.04%) C++
Qualifications
1 155 (10.18%) Security Cleared
2 118 (7.75%) SC Cleared
3 88 (5.78%) Degree
4 29 (1.91%) Computer Science Degree
5 14 (0.92%) BPSS Clearance
5 14 (0.92%) ISTQB
6 9 (0.59%) Master's Degree
6 9 (0.59%) Numerate Degree
7 8 (0.53%) AWS Certification
8 4 (0.26%) CCNA
8 4 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
8 4 (0.26%) ISEB
8 4 (0.26%) PhD
9 3 (0.20%) DV Cleared
9 3 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
9 3 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
10 2 (0.13%) CCA
10 2 (0.13%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.13%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 127 (8.34%) QA
2 90 (5.91%) Accessibility
3 22 (1.45%) GDPR
4 18 (1.18%) Data Quality
5 17 (1.12%) WCAG
6 4 (0.26%) COBIT
6 4 (0.26%) SLA
7 1 (0.066%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.066%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.066%) PSD2
System Software
1 290 (19.05%) Docker
2 26 (1.71%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.26%) iptables
4 4 (0.26%) KVM
4 4 (0.26%) Xen
5 3 (0.20%) HDFS
5 3 (0.20%) Varnish
5 3 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.20%) vSphere
6 2 (0.13%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.066%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 233 (15.31%) Kubernetes
2 69 (4.53%) Ansible
3 42 (2.76%) Terraform
4 36 (2.37%) Grafana
5 34 (2.23%) Prometheus
6 17 (1.12%) Kibana
7 15 (0.99%) Puppet
8 13 (0.85%) Graphite
8 13 (0.85%) Opscode Chef
9 10 (0.66%) logstash
10 7 (0.46%) Graylog
10 7 (0.46%) Hadoop YARN
11 6 (0.39%) Nagios
12 5 (0.33%) Istio
13 3 (0.20%) Oozie
13 3 (0.20%) Packer
13 3 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
14 2 (0.13%) Control-M
14 2 (0.13%) Rancher
14 2 (0.13%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 168 (11.04%) Oracle
2 135 (8.87%) Microsoft
3 55 (3.61%) Google
4 36 (2.37%) MuleSoft
5 32 (2.10%) Databricks
6 29 (1.91%) SAP
7 28 (1.84%) Salesforce.com
8 24 (1.58%) CA
9 22 (1.45%) Telerik
10 21 (1.38%) IBM
10 21 (1.38%) Splunk
11 20 (1.31%) Adobe
11 20 (1.31%) Apple
12 19 (1.25%) Atlassian
12 19 (1.25%) hybris
13 17 (1.12%) New Relic
14 14 (0.92%) Solace
15 12 (0.79%) BiZZdesign
15 12 (0.79%) Zend
16 11 (0.72%) CA Agile Central