Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RESTful skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RESTful over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

RESTful
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 113 101 86
Rank change year-on-year -12 -15 -11
Contract jobs citing RESTful 1,271 753 2,388
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.26% 2.26% 2.85%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.48% 7.26% 8.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 852 560 1,728
10th Percentile £363 £356 £370
25th Percentile £438 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £523 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.50% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £613 £569 £569
90th Percentile £700 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £499 £500
% change year-on-year +0.25% -0.25% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 6 8
10th Percentile £35.25 £59.50 £57.60
25th Percentile £43.28 £61.00 £61.06
Median hourly rate £53.75 £62.00 £115.00
Median % change year-on-year -13.31% -46.09% +64.29%
75th Percentile £62.50 £67.88 £122.50
90th Percentile £67.40 £69.50 "
UK median hourly rate £48.25 £62.00 £88.65
% change year-on-year -22.18% -30.06% +31.33%

RESTful is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 16,994 10,366 26,942
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.19% 31.05% 32.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,299 7,465 19,209
10th Percentile £356 £338 £345
25th Percentile £425 £413 £410
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £524 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.70% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £619 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £490
% change year-on-year - +2.04% +3.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 166 89 237
10th Percentile £15.33 £20.71 £16.95
25th Percentile £27.50 £30.86 £26.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £45.00
75th Percentile £56.69 £61.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £66.25 £66.55 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.57
% change year-on-year - +0.98% +7.39%

RESTful
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RESTful as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RESTful in England

RESTful
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RESTful in England.

Daily rate trend for RESTful in England

RESTful
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RESTful in England over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for RESTful in England

RESTful
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RESTful in England.

Hourly rate trend for RESTful in England

RESTful
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RESTful in England over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for RESTful in England

RESTful
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RESTful within the England region over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +11 806 £550 +6.02% 320
South East -27 138 £450 -2.70% 92
North of England -4 115 £490 +18.79% 160
North West -1 69 £483 +28.67% 92
Midlands -7 54 £413 +6.45% 67
East of England -1 46 £450 -7.69% 51
West Midlands -1 40 £391 -2.19% 30
North East +14 27 £513 +13.89% 26
South West -53 26 £463 -11.90% 54
Yorkshire -35 19 £388 -18.42% 42
East Midlands -20 7 £419 +11.67% 36
RESTful
UK

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing RESTful also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for RESTful.

1 668 (52.56%) Agile Software Development
2 638 (50.20%) Java
3 421 (33.12%) JavaScript
4 401 (31.55%) SQL
5 376 (29.58%) TDD
6 365 (28.72%) Microservices
7 343 (26.99%) Spring
8 335 (26.36%) Git (software)
9 303 (23.84%) HTML
10 297 (23.37%) AWS
11 296 (23.29%) Web Services
12 295 (23.21%) Scrum
13 294 (23.13%) DevOps
14 283 (22.27%) Azure
15 281 (22.11%) Jenkins
16 276 (21.72%) CSS
17 274 (21.56%) Continuous Integration
18 243 (19.12%) Finance
19 236 (18.57%) Test Automation
19 236 (18.57%) Social Skills
20 231 (18.17%) Spring Boot
21 222 (17.47%) .NET
22 221 (17.39%) React
23 220 (17.31%) C#
24 215 (16.92%) AngularJS
24 215 (16.92%) Docker
25 205 (16.13%) Python
26 188 (14.79%) JSON
27 183 (14.40%) Kubernetes
27 183 (14.40%) Node.js

RESTful
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (4.56%) Tomcat
2 44 (3.46%) Confluence
3 37 (2.91%) Apache Spark
4 33 (2.60%) CMS
5 32 (2.52%) Apache
6 30 (2.36%) Elasticsearch
7 27 (2.12%) WebSphere
8 19 (1.49%) Cloud Foundry
9 18 (1.42%) Jetty
10 16 (1.26%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 12 (0.94%) IBM Domino
12 10 (0.79%) Mule
13 9 (0.71%) Apache Airflow
13 9 (0.71%) IIS
13 9 (0.71%) SharePoint
14 8 (0.63%) JBoss
15 7 (0.55%) nginx
15 7 (0.55%) WebLogic
16 6 (0.47%) Apache Pig
16 6 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 19 (1.49%) Chatbot
2 4 (0.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.16%) Figma
3 2 (0.16%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.16%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 14 (1.10%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.87%) Magento
3 10 (0.79%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.31%) Oracle Financials
4 4 (0.31%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 3 (0.24%) Adobe Campaign
6 2 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.16%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
6 2 (0.16%) Shopify
7 1 (0.079%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.079%) Northgate Housing
7 1 (0.079%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 297 (23.37%) AWS
2 283 (22.27%) Azure
3 143 (11.25%) Serverless
4 87 (6.85%) GCP
5 80 (6.29%) AWS Lambda
6 64 (5.04%) GitHub
7 44 (3.46%) SaaS
8 42 (3.30%) Amazon S3
9 40 (3.15%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 37 (2.91%) Power Platform
11 35 (2.75%) npm
12 33 (2.60%) PaaS
13 31 (2.44%) Amazon EC2
13 31 (2.44%) OpenShift
14 30 (2.36%) Amazon SQS
15 24 (1.89%) Azure Functions
15 24 (1.89%) Azure Service Bus
16 23 (1.81%) Amazon EKS
16 23 (1.81%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 23 (1.81%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 67 (5.27%) HTTP
2 38 (2.99%) SSL
3 31 (2.44%) TCP/IP
4 17 (1.34%) Internet
5 8 (0.63%) RTMP
6 7 (0.55%) Kerberos
7 6 (0.47%) Wireless
8 5 (0.39%) MQTT
8 5 (0.39%) VPN
9 4 (0.31%) ATM
9 4 (0.31%) Bluetooth
9 4 (0.31%) DHCP
9 4 (0.31%) DNS
9 4 (0.31%) Ethernet
9 4 (0.31%) Firewall
9 4 (0.31%) IPv4
9 4 (0.31%) IPv6
9 4 (0.31%) VLAN
9 4 (0.31%) Wi-Fi
9 4 (0.31%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 156 (12.27%) SQL Server
2 151 (11.88%) NoSQL
3 124 (9.76%) MongoDB
4 100 (7.87%) Redis
5 92 (7.24%) Relational Database
6 85 (6.69%) PostgreSQL
7 61 (4.80%) MySQL
8 42 (3.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 41 (3.23%) Big Data
10 35 (2.75%) Hazelcast
11 34 (2.68%) RDBMS
12 33 (2.60%) Power BI
13 31 (2.44%) Hadoop
14 30 (2.36%) Apache Cassandra
15 26 (2.05%) Data Lake
16 25 (1.97%) BigQuery
17 23 (1.81%) Oracle Database
18 22 (1.73%) Data Warehouse
19 20 (1.57%) Azure SQL Database
20 17 (1.34%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 335 (26.36%) Git (software)
2 281 (22.11%) Jenkins
3 164 (12.90%) Maven
4 124 (9.76%) JIRA
5 116 (9.13%) JUnit
6 96 (7.55%) Cucumber
7 77 (6.06%) Selenium
8 62 (4.88%) Mockito
9 57 (4.48%) Gradle
10 48 (3.78%) Postman
11 41 (3.23%) JMeter
11 41 (3.23%) webpack
12 39 (3.07%) GitLab
13 35 (2.75%) TeamCity
14 34 (2.68%) Jasmine
14 34 (2.68%) NUnit
15 33 (2.60%) Visual Studio
16 30 (2.36%) Karma Test Runner
17 26 (2.05%) Xcode
18 23 (1.81%) Cypress.io
General
1 243 (19.12%) Finance
2 236 (18.57%) Social Skills
3 144 (11.33%) Banking
4 65 (5.11%) Investment Banking
5 62 (4.88%) Analytical Skills
6 59 (4.64%) Front Office
7 53 (4.17%) Public Sector
8 50 (3.93%) Retail
9 32 (2.52%) Marketing
10 23 (1.81%) Games
10 23 (1.81%) Presentation Skills
11 19 (1.49%) Telecoms
12 15 (1.18%) Documentation Skills
12 15 (1.18%) Manufacturing
13 11 (0.87%) Back Office
13 11 (0.87%) Law
13 11 (0.87%) Publishing
14 10 (0.79%) Electronics
14 10 (0.79%) Influencing Skills
15 6 (0.47%) Legal
Job Titles
1 861 (67.74%) Developer
2 283 (22.27%) Java Developer
3 178 (14.00%) Senior Developer
4 102 (8.03%) Architect
5 98 (7.71%) Full Stack Developer
6 91 (7.16%) Senior Java Developer
7 71 (5.59%) .NET Developer
8 62 (4.88%) C# Developer
9 49 (3.86%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 47 (3.70%) Software Engineer
11 46 (3.62%) React Developer
12 44 (3.46%) Android Developer
13 43 (3.38%) Java Engineer
14 41 (3.23%) iOS Developer
15 39 (3.07%) Lead Developer
16 38 (2.99%) Tester
17 37 (2.91%) Angular Developer
18 36 (2.83%) Python Developer
19 32 (2.52%) C# .NET Developer
20 31 (2.44%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 343 (26.99%) Spring
2 303 (23.84%) HTML
3 296 (23.29%) Web Services
4 276 (21.72%) CSS
5 231 (18.17%) Spring Boot
6 222 (17.47%) .NET
7 221 (17.39%) React
8 215 (16.92%) AngularJS
9 188 (14.79%) JSON
10 183 (14.40%) Node.js
11 117 (9.21%) XML
12 110 (8.65%) HTML5
13 103 (8.10%) REST
14 102 (8.03%) SOAP
15 95 (7.47%) .NET Framework
16 93 (7.32%) .NET Core
17 87 (6.85%) Hibernate
18 85 (6.69%) Kafka
19 72 (5.66%) jQuery
20 67 (5.27%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 98 (7.71%) User Experience
2 56 (4.41%) Algorithms
3 55 (4.33%) Data Structures
4 49 (3.86%) Greenfield Project
5 47 (3.70%) Mobile App
6 42 (3.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 37 (2.91%) Derivative
8 36 (2.83%) Enterprise Software
9 35 (2.75%) Fixed Income
10 32 (2.52%) Self-Motivation
11 30 (2.36%) Client/Server
12 23 (1.81%) Public Cloud
13 21 (1.65%) Animation
14 18 (1.42%) Cloud Native
15 16 (1.26%) Management Information System
16 15 (1.18%) NHS
17 12 (0.94%) iPhone
18 11 (0.87%) Data Protection Act
18 11 (0.87%) Grid Computing
18 11 (0.87%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 107 (8.42%) Linux
2 91 (7.16%) Android
3 82 (6.45%) Apple iOS
4 68 (5.35%) Unix
5 29 (2.28%) Windows
6 5 (0.39%) tvOS
7 4 (0.31%) Embedded Linux
7 4 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (0.31%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (0.24%) Windows Server 2016
9 2 (0.16%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.079%) Debian
10 1 (0.079%) SUSE
10 1 (0.079%) Tizen
10 1 (0.079%) webOS
10 1 (0.079%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 668 (52.56%) Agile Software Development
2 376 (29.58%) TDD
3 365 (28.72%) Microservices
4 295 (23.21%) Scrum
5 294 (23.13%) DevOps
6 274 (21.56%) Continuous Integration
7 236 (18.57%) Test Automation
8 181 (14.24%) BDD
9 180 (14.16%) Software Engineering
10 167 (13.14%) MVC
11 162 (12.75%) Unit Testing
12 133 (10.46%) OO
13 132 (10.39%) Problem-Solving
14 104 (8.18%) API Design
15 102 (8.03%) SDLC
16 100 (7.87%) Multithreading
16 100 (7.87%) OOP
17 97 (7.63%) API Development
18 91 (7.16%) Front End Development
19 90 (7.08%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 638 (50.20%) Java
2 421 (33.12%) JavaScript
3 401 (31.55%) SQL
4 220 (17.31%) C#
5 205 (16.13%) Python
6 149 (11.72%) Java 8
7 120 (9.44%) TypeScript
8 101 (7.95%) Scala
9 91 (7.16%) Kotlin
10 58 (4.56%) ES6
11 53 (4.17%) PL/SQL
12 48 (3.78%) Apple Swift
13 45 (3.54%) Go
14 41 (3.23%) PHP
15 39 (3.07%) Objective-C
15 39 (3.07%) Ruby
16 38 (2.99%) C++
17 37 (2.91%) C
18 34 (2.68%) Java 11
19 30 (2.36%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 119 (9.36%) Security Cleared
2 92 (7.24%) SC Cleared
3 77 (6.06%) Degree
4 23 (1.81%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (0.94%) ISTQB
6 8 (0.63%) Numerate Degree
7 7 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.47%) AWS Certification
8 6 (0.47%) PhD
9 5 (0.39%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
10 4 (0.31%) CCNA
10 4 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
10 4 (0.31%) ISEB
11 3 (0.24%) DV Cleared
11 3 (0.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 2 (0.16%) CCA
12 2 (0.16%) PMP
12 2 (0.16%) Postgraduate
13 1 (0.079%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 102 (8.03%) QA
2 69 (5.43%) Accessibility
3 21 (1.65%) GDPR
4 20 (1.57%) Data Quality
5 12 (0.94%) WCAG
6 6 (0.47%) ISO 20022
7 5 (0.39%) COBIT
8 4 (0.31%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.16%) ISO 15022
10 1 (0.079%) HL7
10 1 (0.079%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 1 (0.079%) NIST
System Software
1 215 (16.92%) Docker
2 22 (1.73%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.31%) iptables
4 4 (0.31%) KVM
4 4 (0.31%) Xen
5 3 (0.24%) Varnish
5 3 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.24%) vSphere
6 2 (0.16%) HDFS
7 1 (0.079%) OpenAM
7 1 (0.079%) Postfix
7 1 (0.079%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 183 (14.40%) Kubernetes
2 58 (4.56%) Ansible
3 36 (2.83%) Grafana
4 32 (2.52%) Terraform
5 29 (2.28%) Prometheus
6 14 (1.10%) Puppet
7 13 (1.02%) Kibana
8 10 (0.79%) Istio
8 10 (0.79%) Opscode Chef
9 7 (0.55%) Graphite
10 6 (0.47%) Graylog
11 5 (0.39%) Nagios
12 4 (0.31%) Red Hat Satellite
12 4 (0.31%) Red Hat Spacewalk
13 3 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
13 3 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.24%) Zipkin
14 2 (0.16%) Kustomize
14 2 (0.16%) logstash
14 2 (0.16%) Packer
Vendors
1 142 (11.17%) Oracle
2 117 (9.21%) Microsoft
3 81 (6.37%) Google
4 31 (2.44%) MuleSoft
5 29 (2.28%) Salesforce.com
6 27 (2.12%) Splunk
7 26 (2.05%) SAP
8 24 (1.89%) IBM
9 23 (1.81%) hybris
10 22 (1.73%) Adobe
10 22 (1.73%) CA
11 15 (1.18%) Apple
12 13 (1.02%) Atlassian
13 12 (0.94%) CA Agile Central
13 12 (0.94%) Databricks
13 12 (0.94%) Telerik
13 12 (0.94%) Xerox
14 9 (0.71%) New Relic
14 9 (0.71%) Xamarin
15 8 (0.63%) ESRI