Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RESTful skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RESTful over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

RESTful
UK > England
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 118 92 76
Rank change year-on-year -26 -16 -4
Contract jobs citing RESTful 929 1,264 2,756
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.19% 2.45% 3.15%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.19% 8.07% 9.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 629 909 2,004
10th Percentile £350 £363 £370
25th Percentile £413 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £600 £550 £575
90th Percentile £653 £625 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 9 13
10th Percentile £23.53 £38.74 £42.70
25th Percentile £25.50 £44.43 £48.40
Median hourly rate £52.50 £62.00 £60.00
Median % change year-on-year -15.32% +3.33% +33.33%
75th Percentile £62.00 £63.00 £64.75
90th Percentile £68.00 £69.50 "
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £61.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year -31.15% +10.91% +22.22%

RESTful is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,915 15,664 28,939
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.39% 30.36% 33.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,317 11,184 20,846
10th Percentile £330 £338 £331
25th Percentile £413 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £594 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £488
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 150 143 252
10th Percentile £22.10 £19.87 £18.50
25th Percentile £31.56 £31.25 £27.50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £44.18
Median % change year-on-year -2.17% +4.12% +7.76%
75th Percentile £57.50 £54.38 £52.50
90th Percentile £63.43 £73.00 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £43.50
% change year-on-year -2.17% +5.75% +7.41%

RESTful
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RESTful as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RESTful in England

RESTful
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RESTful in England.

Daily rate trend for RESTful in England

RESTful
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RESTful in England over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for RESTful in England

RESTful
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RESTful in England.

Hourly rate trend for RESTful in England

RESTful
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RESTful in England over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for RESTful in England

RESTful
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RESTful within the England region over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -32 550 £525 +5.00% 256
South East +39 123 £400 -11.11% 100
North of England -8 87 £450 +5.88% 122
Midlands +22 60 £419 -6.94% 60
North West +3 43 £464 +9.12% 61
West Midlands +7 42 £370 -20.00% 46
East of England +33 29 £450 -10.00% 36
Yorkshire -17 24 £375 -21.05% 37
South West -22 21 £450 -10.00% 55
North East +29 20 £500 +31.15% 24
East Midlands +9 6 £411 +2.81% 14
RESTful
UK

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing RESTful also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for RESTful.

1 463 (49.84%) Agile Software Development
2 432 (46.50%) Java
3 305 (32.83%) JavaScript
4 275 (29.60%) Microservices
5 269 (28.96%) TDD
6 261 (28.09%) SQL
7 258 (27.77%) Web Services
8 245 (26.37%) Git (software)
9 223 (24.00%) AWS
10 207 (22.28%) Spring
11 206 (22.17%) DevOps
12 202 (21.74%) HTML
13 198 (21.31%) Continuous Integration
14 196 (21.10%) Jenkins
15 191 (20.56%) Scrum
16 189 (20.34%) Finance
17 186 (20.02%) JSON
18 182 (19.59%) CSS
18 182 (19.59%) Python
19 180 (19.38%) Azure
20 165 (17.76%) Test Automation
21 143 (15.39%) React
22 142 (15.29%) Node.js
23 141 (15.18%) Docker
24 140 (15.07%) BDD
24 140 (15.07%) .NET
25 139 (14.96%) C#
26 133 (14.32%) Software Engineering
27 127 (13.67%) Kubernetes
28 125 (13.46%) AngularJS

RESTful
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (3.88%) Tomcat
2 34 (3.66%) Apache
2 34 (3.66%) Confluence
3 32 (3.44%) WebSphere
4 25 (2.69%) Apache Spark
5 20 (2.15%) CMS
6 17 (1.83%) Cloud Foundry
7 14 (1.51%) Jadu
7 14 (1.51%) Jetty
7 14 (1.51%) WebLogic
8 13 (1.40%) Mule
8 13 (1.40%) Red Hat Fuse
9 11 (1.18%) Apache Airflow
10 9 (0.97%) Elasticsearch
10 9 (0.97%) IIS
11 7 (0.75%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 7 (0.75%) JBoss
12 6 (0.65%) IBM Domino
12 6 (0.65%) SharePoint
12 6 (0.65%) WordPress
Applications
1 21 (2.26%) Chatbot
2 5 (0.54%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.11%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 8 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
1 8 (0.86%) Magento
2 3 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.22%) Shopify
4 1 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
4 1 (0.11%) Northgate Housing
4 1 (0.11%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 223 (24.00%) AWS
2 180 (19.38%) Azure
3 87 (9.36%) Serverless
4 81 (8.72%) GitHub
5 68 (7.32%) GCP
6 53 (5.71%) AWS Lambda
7 29 (3.12%) OpenShift
8 28 (3.01%) Power Platform
9 24 (2.58%) Cloud Computing
10 20 (2.15%) PaaS
11 19 (2.05%) npm
12 18 (1.94%) SaaS
13 17 (1.83%) Apigee
14 16 (1.72%) Amazon ECS
14 16 (1.72%) Amazon SQS
15 15 (1.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 15 (1.61%) Amazon S3
15 15 (1.61%) Azure Functions
15 15 (1.61%) Azure Logic Apps
16 14 (1.51%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 63 (6.78%) HTTP
2 17 (1.83%) SSL
3 12 (1.29%) Internet
4 11 (1.18%) TCP/IP
5 8 (0.86%) DNS
6 7 (0.75%) RTMP
7 6 (0.65%) Firewall
8 4 (0.43%) SMTP
8 4 (0.43%) VPN
9 3 (0.32%) HTTPS
9 3 (0.32%) Kerberos
9 3 (0.32%) SSH
10 2 (0.22%) ATM
10 2 (0.22%) DMZ
10 2 (0.22%) FTP
10 2 (0.22%) SWIFTNet
11 1 (0.11%) Bluetooth
11 1 (0.11%) Intranet
11 1 (0.11%) MQTT
11 1 (0.11%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 121 (13.02%) NoSQL
2 91 (9.80%) SQL Server
3 88 (9.47%) MongoDB
4 72 (7.75%) PostgreSQL
5 53 (5.71%) Relational Database
6 45 (4.84%) MySQL
7 44 (4.74%) Redis
8 29 (3.12%) BigQuery
9 28 (3.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 27 (2.91%) Big Data
11 23 (2.48%) Hadoop
12 22 (2.37%) Apache Cassandra
12 22 (2.37%) Power BI
13 21 (2.26%) Data Warehouse
13 21 (2.26%) RDBMS
13 21 (2.26%) SQLite
14 14 (1.51%) Bigtable
14 14 (1.51%) Cloud Spanner
15 13 (1.40%) Hazelcast
15 13 (1.40%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 245 (26.37%) Git (software)
2 196 (21.10%) Jenkins
3 106 (11.41%) Maven
4 94 (10.12%) JIRA
5 66 (7.10%) JUnit
6 52 (5.60%) Cucumber
7 51 (5.49%) Gradle
8 43 (4.63%) webpack
9 42 (4.52%) Mockito
10 35 (3.77%) Selenium
11 28 (3.01%) GitLab
11 28 (3.01%) TeamCity
12 26 (2.80%) Ant
13 21 (2.26%) Cypress.io
13 21 (2.26%) Xcode
14 20 (2.15%) Postman
14 20 (2.15%) Visual Studio
15 18 (1.94%) JMeter
16 16 (1.72%) WebDriver
17 15 (1.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 189 (20.34%) Finance
2 76 (8.18%) Banking
3 67 (7.21%) Public Sector
4 40 (4.31%) Marketing
5 33 (3.55%) Retail
6 31 (3.34%) Investment Banking
7 29 (3.12%) Front Office
8 23 (2.48%) Law
8 23 (2.48%) Manufacturing
9 22 (2.37%) Telecoms
10 21 (2.26%) Electronics
11 15 (1.61%) Games
12 13 (1.40%) Local Government
13 12 (1.29%) Publishing
14 8 (0.86%) Legal
15 6 (0.65%) German Language
16 4 (0.43%) Automotive
17 3 (0.32%) Advertising
17 3 (0.32%) Financial Institution
17 3 (0.32%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 599 (64.48%) Developer
2 205 (22.07%) Java Developer
3 122 (13.13%) Senior Developer
4 77 (8.29%) Architect
5 67 (7.21%) Senior Java Developer
6 59 (6.35%) Full Stack Developer
7 55 (5.92%) React Developer
8 41 (4.41%) Lead Developer
9 40 (4.31%) .NET Developer
9 40 (4.31%) C# Developer
10 37 (3.98%) Software Engineer
11 31 (3.34%) Android Developer
11 31 (3.34%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 29 (3.12%) Java Engineer
13 28 (3.01%) Analyst
14 26 (2.80%) Python Developer
15 25 (2.69%) SC Cleared Java Developer
15 25 (2.69%) Software Developer
15 25 (2.69%) Tester
16 23 (2.48%) Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 258 (27.77%) Web Services
2 207 (22.28%) Spring
3 202 (21.74%) HTML
4 186 (20.02%) JSON
5 182 (19.59%) CSS
6 143 (15.39%) React
7 142 (15.29%) Node.js
8 140 (15.07%) .NET
9 125 (13.46%) AngularJS
10 123 (13.24%) XML
11 119 (12.81%) Spring Boot
12 85 (9.15%) SOAP
13 83 (8.93%) HTML5
14 72 (7.75%) REST
15 61 (6.57%) Kafka
16 60 (6.46%) .NET Core
17 50 (5.38%) Redux
18 49 (5.27%) Hibernate
19 47 (5.06%) .NET Framework
20 42 (4.52%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 77 (8.29%) User Experience
2 57 (6.14%) Mobile App
3 32 (3.44%) Analytical Skills
4 28 (3.01%) Data Structures
5 26 (2.80%) Enterprise Software
6 24 (2.58%) Greenfield Project
7 23 (2.48%) Algorithms
8 22 (2.37%) Client/Server
9 21 (2.26%) Cloud Native
10 20 (2.15%) Self-Motivation
11 17 (1.83%) Animation
12 15 (1.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 14 (1.51%) Management Information System
14 12 (1.29%) Derivative
14 12 (1.29%) Social Media
15 11 (1.18%) Grid Computing
16 10 (1.08%) Mobile Payment
16 10 (1.08%) Public Cloud
17 9 (0.97%) Equities
17 9 (0.97%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 90 (9.69%) Linux
2 69 (7.43%) Unix
3 67 (7.21%) Android
4 57 (6.14%) Apple iOS
5 24 (2.58%) Windows
6 3 (0.32%) Mac OS X
6 3 (0.32%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.11%) AIX
7 1 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.11%) Solaris
7 1 (0.11%) SUSE
7 1 (0.11%) Tizen
7 1 (0.11%) webOS
7 1 (0.11%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 463 (49.84%) Agile Software Development
2 275 (29.60%) Microservices
3 269 (28.96%) TDD
4 206 (22.17%) DevOps
5 198 (21.31%) Continuous Integration
6 191 (20.56%) Scrum
7 165 (17.76%) Test Automation
8 140 (15.07%) BDD
9 133 (14.32%) Software Engineering
10 101 (10.87%) MVC
11 100 (10.76%) Unit Testing
12 84 (9.04%) Problem-Solving
13 76 (8.18%) Kanban
13 76 (8.18%) OO
13 76 (8.18%) SDLC
14 65 (7.00%) SOA
15 59 (6.35%) API Design
15 59 (6.35%) API Development
15 59 (6.35%) Front End Development
16 56 (6.03%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 432 (46.50%) Java
2 305 (32.83%) JavaScript
3 261 (28.09%) SQL
4 182 (19.59%) Python
5 139 (14.96%) C#
6 111 (11.95%) Java 8
7 70 (7.53%) Scala
8 63 (6.78%) TypeScript
9 62 (6.67%) Kotlin
10 41 (4.41%) PHP
11 40 (4.31%) Go
12 39 (4.20%) ES6
13 37 (3.98%) Ruby
14 32 (3.44%) PL/SQL
15 27 (2.91%) C++
16 26 (2.80%) Apple Swift
17 22 (2.37%) Shell Script
18 20 (2.15%) Objective-C
18 20 (2.15%) PowerShell
19 17 (1.83%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 80 (8.61%) Security Cleared
2 61 (6.57%) Degree
2 61 (6.57%) SC Cleared
3 28 (3.01%) Computer Science Degree
4 7 (0.75%) DV Cleared
5 6 (0.65%) Master's Degree
6 5 (0.54%) PhD
7 3 (0.32%) AWS Certification
7 3 (0.32%) CISM
7 3 (0.32%) CISSP
8 2 (0.22%) GIAC
8 2 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.22%) PMP
8 2 (0.22%) SANS
9 1 (0.11%) CISA
9 1 (0.11%) CITP
9 1 (0.11%) ISSAP
9 1 (0.11%) ISSEP
9 1 (0.11%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.11%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (6.67%) QA
2 21 (2.26%) GDPR
3 9 (0.97%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.65%) ISO 20022
4 6 (0.65%) PCI DSS
5 5 (0.54%) WCAG
6 3 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.22%) HIPAA
7 2 (0.22%) ISO 15022
7 2 (0.22%) PMO
7 2 (0.22%) RMADS
8 1 (0.11%) COBIT
8 1 (0.11%) GxP
8 1 (0.11%) HL7
8 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.11%) NIST
System Software
1 141 (15.18%) Docker
2 10 (1.08%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.75%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.65%) GlusterFS
5 3 (0.32%) Apache Flume
5 3 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.22%) Postfix
7 1 (0.11%) OpenAM
7 1 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 127 (13.67%) Kubernetes
2 39 (4.20%) Terraform
3 37 (3.98%) Ansible
4 24 (2.58%) Grafana
5 21 (2.26%) Prometheus
6 8 (0.86%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (0.75%) Istio
8 6 (0.65%) Kibana
9 5 (0.54%) Mesos
9 5 (0.54%) Puppet
9 5 (0.54%) Red Hat Satellite
9 5 (0.54%) Red Hat Spacewalk
9 5 (0.54%) Single Sign-On
10 4 (0.43%) Hadoop YARN
10 4 (0.43%) Zipkin
11 3 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
11 3 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
11 3 (0.32%) Marathon
12 1 (0.11%) Kubeflow
12 1 (0.11%) logstash
Vendors
1 82 (8.83%) Oracle
2 75 (8.07%) Microsoft
3 65 (7.00%) Google
4 34 (3.66%) SAP
5 33 (3.55%) MuleSoft
6 22 (2.37%) IBM
7 19 (2.05%) Salesforce.com
8 14 (1.51%) Red Hat
9 12 (1.29%) Atlassian
9 12 (1.29%) Talend
9 12 (1.29%) TIBCO
10 11 (1.18%) Splunk
11 9 (0.97%) Adobe
11 9 (0.97%) hybris
12 8 (0.86%) webMethods
12 8 (0.86%) Xamarin
13 6 (0.65%) Dynatrace
13 6 (0.65%) Xerox
14 5 (0.54%) Databricks
14 5 (0.54%) WSO2