Period
to 24 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 24 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK > England
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 6 9 12
Rank change year-on-year +3 +3 -1
Contract jobs citing DevOps 8,928 3,432 8,246
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 13.28% 12.55% 10.70%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 14.86% 14.36% 12.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,458 2,517 5,940
10th Percentile £413 £363 £400
25th Percentile £475 £425 £460
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £540
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% -2.78% +2.86%
75th Percentile £644 £600 £625
90th Percentile £713 £675 £700
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £538
% change year-on-year +4.76% -2.33% +2.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 17 28
10th Percentile £36.55 £21.55 £19.75
25th Percentile £45.50 £41.25 £42.75
Median hourly rate £55.00 £52.50 £49.25
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +6.60% -6.19%
75th Percentile £62.20 £57.50 £67.00
90th Percentile £75.80 £63.62 £73.75
UK median hourly rate £54.50 £52.25 £49.25
% change year-on-year +4.31% +6.09% -3.90%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 60,087 23,896 67,393
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.37% 87.40% 87.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 42,274 16,485 45,742
10th Percentile £316 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £381 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% - +1.06%
75th Percentile £625 £586 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £513 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +7.89% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,488 683 1,907
10th Percentile £12.05 £11.75 £11.50
25th Percentile £14.50 £15.25 £14.50
Median hourly rate £24.29 £25.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.86% +11.11% +12.50%
75th Percentile £49.50 £45.00 £46.40
90th Percentile £63.33 £55.00 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £24.80 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -0.80% +11.11% +12.50%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in England

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing DevOps in England.

Daily rate trend for DevOps in England

DevOps
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing DevOps in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for DevOps in England

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing DevOps in England.

Hourly rate trend for DevOps in England

DevOps
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing DevOps in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for DevOps in England

DevOps
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the England region over the 6 months to 24 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 5,399 £575 +4.55% 1,459
North of England 0 851 £525 +8.25% 583
South East 0 832 £518 +3.50% 417
North West -1 470 £525 +7.14% 326
Midlands 0 447 £489 +13.14% 311
South West +6 401 £500 +8.11% 198
Yorkshire -1 310 £525 +10.53% 192
West Midlands -4 306 £500 +13.64% 199
East of England +5 242 £525 +5.00% 177
East Midlands -5 131 £450 +8.76% 111
North East -2 77 £564 +12.88% 65
DevOps
UK

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for DevOps.

1 4,074 (45.63%) Azure
2 3,822 (42.81%) Agile Software Development
3 2,861 (32.05%) AWS
4 2,510 (28.11%) Terraform
5 2,290 (25.65%) Kubernetes
6 2,127 (23.82%) Docker
7 2,119 (23.73%) Python
8 1,789 (20.04%) Java
9 1,723 (19.30%) Jenkins
10 1,581 (17.71%) Ansible
11 1,565 (17.53%) SQL
12 1,545 (17.31%) Finance
13 1,406 (15.75%) Social Skills
14 1,389 (15.56%) Linux
15 1,358 (15.21%) Microservices
16 1,339 (15.00%) Git (software)
17 1,244 (13.93%) Infrastructure as Code
18 1,162 (13.02%) Scrum
19 1,157 (12.96%) JavaScript
20 1,146 (12.84%) Microsoft
21 1,102 (12.34%) C#
22 1,074 (12.03%) .NET
23 1,073 (12.02%) Test Automation
24 981 (10.99%) Security Cleared
25 959 (10.74%) JIRA
26 929 (10.41%) GCP
27 852 (9.54%) Continuous Integration
28 820 (9.18%) Software Engineering
29 807 (9.04%) TDD
30 797 (8.93%) PowerShell

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 514 (5.76%) Confluence
2 289 (3.24%) Apache Spark
3 216 (2.42%) Elasticsearch
4 199 (2.23%) SharePoint
5 192 (2.15%) Apache
6 94 (1.05%) Tomcat
7 91 (1.02%) nginx
8 78 (0.87%) CMS
9 76 (0.85%) Apache Airflow
10 55 (0.62%) OpenStack
10 55 (0.62%) WebLogic
11 52 (0.58%) IIS
12 49 (0.55%) BizTalk Server
12 49 (0.55%) Cloud Foundry
12 49 (0.55%) SAS
13 35 (0.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 31 (0.35%) JBoss
15 30 (0.34%) WebSphere
16 23 (0.26%) Jupyter
17 22 (0.25%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 94 (1.05%) Microsoft Office
2 70 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
3 27 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (0.20%) MS Visio
5 13 (0.15%) Photoshop
6 10 (0.11%) Chatbot
6 10 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
7 6 (0.067%) FrameMaker
8 5 (0.056%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.045%) Figma
10 3 (0.034%) Mingle
10 3 (0.034%) Sketch
11 2 (0.022%) Adobe XD
11 2 (0.022%) InVision
11 2 (0.022%) Zeplin
12 1 (0.011%) Siemens NX
12 1 (0.011%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 86 (0.96%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.25%) SAP S/4HANA
3 21 (0.24%) Magento
4 13 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 13 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
5 12 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 10 (0.11%) Cloudability
6 10 (0.11%) SAP ERP
7 8 (0.090%) Dynamics AX
7 8 (0.090%) Temenos T24
8 7 (0.078%) ION MarketView
8 7 (0.078%) Oracle EBS
8 7 (0.078%) SAP CRM
8 7 (0.078%) SAP FSCM
9 6 (0.067%) NetSuite
9 6 (0.067%) Payment Gateway
9 6 (0.067%) Sentinel
10 5 (0.056%) assyst
10 5 (0.056%) IBM Planning Analytics
10 5 (0.056%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 4,074 (45.63%) Azure
2 2,861 (32.05%) AWS
3 929 (10.41%) GCP
4 790 (8.85%) Serverless
5 773 (8.66%) GitHub
6 732 (8.20%) PaaS
7 535 (5.99%) IaaS
8 523 (5.86%) AWS CloudFormation
9 405 (4.54%) SaaS
10 380 (4.26%) Power Platform
11 334 (3.74%) AWS Lambda
12 289 (3.24%) Amazon EKS
13 286 (3.20%) Azure Data Factory
14 271 (3.04%) Amazon EC2
15 226 (2.53%) OpenShift
16 223 (2.50%) Azure Functions
17 207 (2.32%) Azure Active Directory
18 205 (2.30%) Amazon S3
19 201 (2.25%) Amazon ECS
20 194 (2.17%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 249 (2.79%) Firewall
2 157 (1.76%) DNS
3 132 (1.48%) HTTP
4 102 (1.14%) SSL
5 96 (1.08%) Network Security
6 85 (0.95%) VPN
7 79 (0.88%) TCP/IP
8 71 (0.80%) Internet
9 51 (0.57%) WAN
10 44 (0.49%) Kerberos
11 31 (0.35%) LAN
12 29 (0.32%) SAN
13 27 (0.30%) HTTPS
13 27 (0.30%) IPv4
14 24 (0.27%) IPsec
15 23 (0.26%) BGP
16 20 (0.22%) Multicast
17 19 (0.21%) Intranet
17 19 (0.21%) VLAN
18 18 (0.20%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 659 (7.38%) SQL Server
2 410 (4.59%) Big Data
3 391 (4.38%) NoSQL
4 328 (3.67%) Data Lake
5 303 (3.39%) Data Warehouse
5 303 (3.39%) Power BI
6 256 (2.87%) MongoDB
7 253 (2.83%) PostgreSQL
8 243 (2.72%) Azure SQL Database
9 240 (2.69%) Hadoop
10 202 (2.26%) Relational Database
11 195 (2.18%) MySQL
12 166 (1.86%) Amazon RDS
13 148 (1.66%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 127 (1.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 105 (1.18%) Oracle Database
16 98 (1.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 92 (1.03%) BigQuery
18 88 (0.99%) Metadata
19 82 (0.92%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 1,723 (19.30%) Jenkins
2 1,339 (15.00%) Git (software)
3 959 (10.74%) JIRA
4 480 (5.38%) GitLab
5 364 (4.08%) Maven
6 330 (3.70%) Bitbucket
7 286 (3.20%) Selenium
8 261 (2.92%) TeamCity
9 231 (2.59%) Cucumber
10 202 (2.26%) Sonatype Nexus
11 197 (2.21%) Artifactory
12 164 (1.84%) Gradle
13 160 (1.79%) SonarQube
14 153 (1.71%) Visual Studio
15 147 (1.65%) SpecFlow
16 133 (1.49%) JUnit
17 132 (1.48%) Postman
18 119 (1.33%) Octopus Deploy
18 119 (1.33%) Visual Studio Team System
19 114 (1.28%) Subversion
General
1 1,545 (17.31%) Finance
2 1,406 (15.75%) Social Skills
3 691 (7.74%) Banking
4 569 (6.37%) Public Sector
5 438 (4.91%) Analytical Skills
6 229 (2.56%) Retail
7 196 (2.20%) Presentation Skills
8 173 (1.94%) Investment Banking
9 155 (1.74%) Marketing
10 147 (1.65%) Telecoms
11 139 (1.56%) Legal
12 112 (1.25%) Financial Institution
13 109 (1.22%) Front Office
14 84 (0.94%) Manufacturing
15 70 (0.78%) Electronics
16 68 (0.76%) Games
17 65 (0.73%) Law
18 63 (0.71%) Influencing Skills
19 62 (0.69%) Documentation Skills
20 46 (0.52%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 2,281 (25.55%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,951 (21.85%) Developer
3 976 (10.93%) Architect
4 744 (8.33%) Azure Engineer
5 617 (6.91%) AWS Engineer
6 523 (5.86%) AWS DevOps
7 440 (4.93%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 430 (4.82%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 378 (4.23%) Cloud Engineer
10 373 (4.18%) Azure DevOps
11 340 (3.81%) Java Developer
12 325 (3.64%) Analyst
13 306 (3.43%) Solutions Architect
14 294 (3.29%) Consultant
15 287 (3.21%) Data Engineer
16 278 (3.11%) Senior Developer
17 264 (2.96%) .NET Developer
18 224 (2.51%) Full Stack Developer
19 223 (2.50%) Software Engineer
20 222 (2.49%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,074 (12.03%) .NET
2 601 (6.73%) React
3 583 (6.53%) REST
4 575 (6.44%) Web Services
5 538 (6.03%) HTML
6 537 (6.01%) Node.js
7 501 (5.61%) CSS
8 483 (5.41%) Kafka
9 482 (5.40%) Spring
10 479 (5.37%) AngularJS
11 370 (4.14%) Spring Boot
12 360 (4.03%) .NET Core
13 351 (3.93%) RESTful
14 332 (3.72%) JSON
15 255 (2.86%) XML
16 239 (2.68%) .NET Framework
17 237 (2.65%) ASP.NET
18 232 (2.60%) HTML5
19 214 (2.40%) ARM Templates
20 201 (2.25%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 378 (4.23%) Cloud Native
2 334 (3.74%) Public Cloud
3 294 (3.29%) Data Protection Act
4 213 (2.39%) Greenfield Project
5 196 (2.20%) Data Centre
6 153 (1.71%) User Experience
7 141 (1.58%) Mobile App
8 137 (1.53%) Self-Motivation
9 120 (1.34%) Data Structures
10 108 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
11 107 (1.20%) Hedge funds
12 100 (1.12%) Hybrid Cloud
13 88 (0.99%) Management Information System
14 82 (0.92%) Linux Command Line
15 76 (0.85%) Algorithms
16 72 (0.81%) Legacy Systems
17 68 (0.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 66 (0.74%) Private Cloud
19 63 (0.71%) Legacy Applications
19 63 (0.71%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 1,389 (15.56%) Linux
2 693 (7.76%) Windows
3 290 (3.25%) Unix
4 213 (2.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 151 (1.69%) Windows Server
6 81 (0.91%) Android
7 61 (0.68%) Apple iOS
7 61 (0.68%) CentOS
8 42 (0.47%) Ubuntu
9 41 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
10 35 (0.39%) Windows Server 2019
11 33 (0.37%) VMS
12 32 (0.36%) Windows Server 2016
13 29 (0.32%) Windows 10
14 24 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
15 20 (0.22%) Solaris
16 19 (0.21%) Windows XP
17 12 (0.13%) AIX
17 12 (0.13%) Debian
17 12 (0.13%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,822 (42.81%) Agile Software Development
2 1,358 (15.21%) Microservices
3 1,244 (13.93%) Infrastructure as Code
4 1,162 (13.02%) Scrum
5 1,073 (12.02%) Test Automation
6 852 (9.54%) Continuous Integration
7 820 (9.18%) Software Engineering
8 807 (9.04%) TDD
9 681 (7.63%) Migration
10 674 (7.55%) Problem-Solving
11 655 (7.34%) Analytics
12 550 (6.16%) Full Stack Development
13 528 (5.91%) Configuration Management
14 503 (5.63%) Continuous Delivery
15 459 (5.14%) BDD
16 451 (5.05%) Business Intelligence
17 449 (5.03%) SDLC
18 446 (5.00%) Data Protection
19 418 (4.68%) Stakeholder Management
20 417 (4.67%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 2,119 (23.73%) Python
2 1,789 (20.04%) Java
3 1,565 (17.53%) SQL
4 1,157 (12.96%) JavaScript
5 1,102 (12.34%) C#
6 797 (8.93%) PowerShell
7 664 (7.44%) Bash Shell
8 394 (4.41%) TypeScript
9 277 (3.10%) Scala
10 244 (2.73%) Go
11 233 (2.61%) Groovy
12 196 (2.20%) C++
13 189 (2.12%) C
14 186 (2.08%) Ruby
15 168 (1.88%) PHP
16 159 (1.78%) Shell Script
17 154 (1.72%) Java 8
18 133 (1.49%) T-SQL
19 113 (1.27%) PL/SQL
20 103 (1.15%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 981 (10.99%) Security Cleared
2 765 (8.57%) SC Cleared
3 344 (3.85%) Degree
4 162 (1.81%) DV Cleared
5 132 (1.48%) AWS Certification
6 89 (1.00%) BPSS Clearance
7 83 (0.93%) ISTQB
8 78 (0.87%) Computer Science Degree
9 44 (0.49%) CISSP
10 42 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
11 39 (0.44%) Master's Degree
12 38 (0.43%) Cisco Certification
13 35 (0.39%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 32 (0.36%) ISEB
15 24 (0.27%) ITIL Certification
16 20 (0.22%) DBS Check
17 16 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
18 15 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
19 14 (0.16%) CISM
20 12 (0.13%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 324 (3.63%) QA
2 176 (1.97%) Accessibility
3 150 (1.68%) GDPR
4 106 (1.19%) Data Quality
5 49 (0.55%) SLA
6 31 (0.35%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 27 (0.30%) PMO
8 22 (0.25%) WCAG
9 19 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 16 (0.18%) PCI DSS
11 14 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
11 14 (0.16%) GRC
12 13 (0.15%) NCSC
13 12 (0.13%) NIST
14 7 (0.078%) COBIT
15 5 (0.056%) IFRS
16 4 (0.045%) MiFID
16 4 (0.045%) SOC 2
17 3 (0.034%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 3 (0.034%) PSD2
System Software
1 2,127 (23.82%) Docker
2 388 (4.35%) Active Directory
3 178 (1.99%) VMware Infrastructure
4 69 (0.77%) Virtual Machines
5 46 (0.52%) vSphere
6 37 (0.41%) HDFS
7 34 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 30 (0.34%) Hyper-V
9 28 (0.31%) VMware NSX
10 27 (0.30%) RACF
10 27 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
11 23 (0.26%) Virtual Desktop
12 21 (0.24%) GridGain
13 19 (0.21%) NFS
14 12 (0.13%) Job Entry Subsystem
14 12 (0.13%) Varnish
14 12 (0.13%) XenApp
15 11 (0.12%) OpenAM
15 11 (0.12%) vCloud
16 10 (0.11%) LXC
Systems Management
1 2,510 (28.11%) Terraform
2 2,290 (25.65%) Kubernetes
3 1,581 (17.71%) Ansible
4 470 (5.26%) Puppet
5 299 (3.35%) Opscode Chef
6 225 (2.52%) Prometheus
7 214 (2.40%) Grafana
8 106 (1.19%) Packer
9 102 (1.14%) Kibana
10 89 (1.00%) Docker Swarm
10 89 (1.00%) Rancher
11 86 (0.96%) Istio
12 48 (0.54%) Consul
13 47 (0.53%) Nagios
14 42 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
14 42 (0.47%) ZABBIX
15 41 (0.46%) ITRS Geneos
16 37 (0.41%) BladeLogic
17 33 (0.37%) logstash
17 33 (0.37%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 1,146 (12.84%) Microsoft
2 498 (5.58%) Oracle
3 497 (5.57%) Google
4 321 (3.60%) Databricks
5 283 (3.17%) VMware
6 270 (3.02%) Splunk
7 205 (2.30%) Red Hat
8 191 (2.14%) SAP
9 190 (2.13%) Salesforce.com
10 165 (1.85%) Atlassian
11 137 (1.53%) IBM
12 116 (1.30%) MuleSoft
13 93 (1.04%) ServiceNow
14 89 (1.00%) Cisco
15 75 (0.84%) Cloudera
16 73 (0.82%) Informatica
17 66 (0.74%) HP
18 63 (0.71%) AppDynamics
19 54 (0.60%) Adobe
19 54 (0.60%) New Relic