Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 9 12
Rank change year-on-year +2 +3 0
Contract jobs citing DevOps 7,299 3,984 9,381
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 12.77% 12.20% 11.23%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 14.35% 14.02% 12.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,209 2,946 6,670
10th Percentile £400 £388 £400
25th Percentile £463 £450 £461
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £538 £545
Median % change year-on-year +0.47% -1.38% +3.81%
75th Percentile £631 £625 £625
90th Percentile £700 £700 £688
UK median daily rate £538 £525 £538
% change year-on-year +2.38% -2.33% +2.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 9 30
10th Percentile £36.05 £19.65 £20.75
25th Percentile £45.00 £50.00 £44.32
Median hourly rate £52.50 £52.50 £48.00
Median % change year-on-year - +9.38% -22.81%
75th Percentile £60.97 £61.00 £64.06
90th Percentile £66.20 £66.00 £70.38
UK median hourly rate £52.50 £52.50 £48.00
% change year-on-year - +9.38% -19.16%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 50,862 28,413 73,500
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 88.98% 87.02% 88.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 35,270 19,308 49,683
10th Percentile £313 £304 £300
25th Percentile £409 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +2.70%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,473 778 1,914
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.37 £11.75
25th Percentile £14.50 £15.95 £14.50
Median hourly rate £23.00 £24.80 £22.97
Median % change year-on-year -7.26% +7.99% +12.02%
75th Percentile £46.75 £46.40 £46.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £55.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £23.45 £24.50 £22.50
% change year-on-year -4.29% +8.89% +12.50%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in England

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing DevOps in England.

Daily rate trend for DevOps in England

DevOps
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing DevOps in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for DevOps in England

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing DevOps in England.

Hourly rate trend for DevOps in England

DevOps
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing DevOps in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for DevOps in England

DevOps
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 4,371 £570 +3.64% 1,328
South East +1 775 £500 - 375
North of England 0 687 £500 -4.76% 579
North West +1 361 £500 -2.68% 324
Midlands -8 340 £469 +0.81% 276
South West +2 324 £500 - 211
Yorkshire +4 256 £510 -0.24% 188
West Midlands -8 237 £479 +0.79% 191
East of England +5 187 £550 +10.00% 173
East Midlands -2 97 £425 +10.68% 85
North East -5 71 £565 +2.73% 67
DevOps
UK

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for DevOps.

1 3,390 (46.44%) Azure
2 3,156 (43.24%) Agile Software Development
3 2,291 (31.39%) AWS
4 1,934 (26.50%) Terraform
5 1,817 (24.89%) Kubernetes
6 1,761 (24.13%) Python
7 1,719 (23.55%) Docker
8 1,462 (20.03%) Java
9 1,383 (18.95%) SQL
10 1,341 (18.37%) Jenkins
11 1,292 (17.70%) Ansible
12 1,190 (16.30%) Social Skills
13 1,171 (16.04%) Linux
14 1,143 (15.66%) Finance
15 1,089 (14.92%) Git (software)
16 1,064 (14.58%) Microservices
17 1,005 (13.77%) Scrum
18 990 (13.56%) Microsoft
19 974 (13.34%) Infrastructure as Code
20 950 (13.02%) .NET
21 912 (12.49%) JavaScript
22 860 (11.78%) Test Automation
23 853 (11.69%) C#
24 839 (11.49%) Security Cleared
25 803 (11.00%) JIRA
26 798 (10.93%) TDD
27 778 (10.66%) GCP
28 737 (10.10%) Continuous Integration
29 700 (9.59%) PowerShell
30 674 (9.23%) Software Engineering

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 423 (5.80%) Confluence
2 227 (3.11%) Apache Spark
3 199 (2.73%) SharePoint
4 180 (2.47%) Apache
5 161 (2.21%) Elasticsearch
6 78 (1.07%) Tomcat
7 74 (1.01%) nginx
8 68 (0.93%) Apache Airflow
9 60 (0.82%) CMS
10 51 (0.70%) IIS
11 50 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
12 48 (0.66%) WebLogic
13 44 (0.60%) SAS
14 37 (0.51%) WebSphere
15 35 (0.48%) OpenStack
16 34 (0.47%) BizTalk Server
17 30 (0.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 25 (0.34%) Mule
19 24 (0.33%) JBoss
20 22 (0.30%) Drupal
Applications
1 91 (1.25%) Microsoft Office
2 66 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
3 29 (0.40%) MS Visio
4 27 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 15 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.082%) Chatbot
7 5 (0.069%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.055%) Adobe XD
9 3 (0.041%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.027%) Figma
10 2 (0.027%) InVision
10 2 (0.027%) Mingle
10 2 (0.027%) Sketch
11 1 (0.014%) FrameMaker
11 1 (0.014%) Siemens NX
11 1 (0.014%) Simulink
11 1 (0.014%) SPSS
11 1 (0.014%) Stata
11 1 (0.014%) TargetLink
11 1 (0.014%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 67 (0.92%) Dynamics CRM
2 25 (0.34%) Magento
3 14 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
3 14 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
4 10 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
4 10 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
4 10 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 10 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
4 10 (0.14%) Sentinel
4 10 (0.14%) Summit
5 9 (0.12%) assyst
5 9 (0.12%) IBM Planning Analytics
6 6 (0.082%) SAP ERP
6 6 (0.082%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 5 (0.069%) SAP CRM
7 5 (0.069%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 5 (0.069%) SunGard Martini
7 5 (0.069%) Temenos T24
8 4 (0.055%) Dynamics NAV
8 4 (0.055%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 3,390 (46.44%) Azure
2 2,291 (31.39%) AWS
3 778 (10.66%) GCP
4 644 (8.82%) PaaS
5 636 (8.71%) Serverless
6 564 (7.73%) GitHub
7 494 (6.77%) IaaS
8 340 (4.66%) AWS CloudFormation
8 340 (4.66%) Power Platform
9 312 (4.27%) SaaS
10 263 (3.60%) AWS Lambda
11 250 (3.43%) Azure Data Factory
12 204 (2.79%) Amazon EKS
13 202 (2.77%) Azure Active Directory
14 197 (2.70%) OpenShift
15 183 (2.51%) Azure Functions
16 173 (2.37%) Amazon EC2
17 155 (2.12%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 147 (2.01%) Amazon S3
19 140 (1.92%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 201 (2.75%) Firewall
2 120 (1.64%) DNS
3 92 (1.26%) SSL
4 90 (1.23%) HTTP
5 88 (1.21%) TCP/IP
6 62 (0.85%) VPN
7 61 (0.84%) Network Security
8 58 (0.79%) Internet
9 43 (0.59%) Kerberos
10 41 (0.56%) WAN
11 34 (0.47%) LAN
12 33 (0.45%) IPsec
13 32 (0.44%) DHCP
14 28 (0.38%) VLAN
15 26 (0.36%) SAN
16 23 (0.32%) HTTPS
17 21 (0.29%) IPv4
18 16 (0.22%) FTP
19 15 (0.21%) Wireshark
20 14 (0.19%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 503 (6.89%) SQL Server
2 341 (4.67%) Big Data
3 291 (3.99%) NoSQL
4 275 (3.77%) Data Lake
5 272 (3.73%) Power BI
6 253 (3.47%) Data Warehouse
7 234 (3.21%) Azure SQL Database
8 210 (2.88%) PostgreSQL
9 207 (2.84%) Hadoop
10 203 (2.78%) MongoDB
11 167 (2.29%) MySQL
12 148 (2.03%) Relational Database
13 115 (1.58%) Amazon RDS
14 112 (1.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 90 (1.23%) BigQuery
16 87 (1.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 81 (1.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 78 (1.07%) Redis
18 78 (1.07%) Tableau
19 73 (1.00%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 1,341 (18.37%) Jenkins
2 1,089 (14.92%) Git (software)
3 803 (11.00%) JIRA
4 333 (4.56%) GitLab
5 275 (3.77%) Maven
6 269 (3.69%) Bitbucket
7 221 (3.03%) Selenium
8 196 (2.69%) Cucumber
9 186 (2.55%) TeamCity
10 140 (1.92%) Visual Studio
11 137 (1.88%) Octopus Deploy
12 135 (1.85%) Artifactory
13 125 (1.71%) Gradle
14 123 (1.69%) JUnit
14 123 (1.69%) SonarQube
15 121 (1.66%) Sonatype Nexus
16 101 (1.38%) Visual Studio Team System
17 97 (1.33%) JMeter
18 95 (1.30%) CircleCI
19 93 (1.27%) Postman
General
1 1,190 (16.30%) Social Skills
2 1,143 (15.66%) Finance
3 640 (8.77%) Banking
4 438 (6.00%) Public Sector
5 383 (5.25%) Analytical Skills
6 186 (2.55%) Investment Banking
7 180 (2.47%) Retail
8 158 (2.16%) Telecoms
9 136 (1.86%) Presentation Skills
10 127 (1.74%) Marketing
11 112 (1.53%) Front Office
12 81 (1.11%) Manufacturing
13 74 (1.01%) Electronics
14 71 (0.97%) Legal
15 69 (0.95%) Documentation Skills
16 56 (0.77%) Financial Institution
16 56 (0.77%) Influencing Skills
17 44 (0.60%) Games
18 40 (0.55%) Law
19 38 (0.52%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 1,837 (25.17%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,720 (23.56%) Developer
3 862 (11.81%) Architect
4 647 (8.86%) Azure Engineer
5 447 (6.12%) AWS Engineer
6 405 (5.55%) AWS DevOps
7 359 (4.92%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 338 (4.63%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 302 (4.14%) Cloud Engineer
10 295 (4.04%) Java Developer
11 291 (3.99%) Azure DevOps
12 266 (3.64%) Analyst
13 263 (3.60%) Consultant
14 246 (3.37%) Cloud Architect
15 239 (3.27%) Senior Developer
16 234 (3.21%) .NET Developer
17 225 (3.08%) Solutions Architect
18 221 (3.03%) Full Stack Developer
19 212 (2.90%) Data Engineer
20 203 (2.78%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 950 (13.02%) .NET
2 570 (7.81%) React
3 487 (6.67%) Node.js
4 471 (6.45%) AngularJS
5 459 (6.29%) Web Services
6 442 (6.06%) REST
7 435 (5.96%) HTML
8 424 (5.81%) Kafka
9 390 (5.34%) Spring
10 374 (5.12%) CSS
11 321 (4.40%) Spring Boot
12 300 (4.11%) .NET Core
13 299 (4.10%) RESTful
14 245 (3.36%) JSON
15 200 (2.74%) HTML5
16 171 (2.34%) .NET Framework
17 170 (2.33%) ASP.NET
18 166 (2.27%) XML
19 159 (2.18%) YAML
20 144 (1.97%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 331 (4.53%) Cloud Native
2 295 (4.04%) Public Cloud
3 182 (2.49%) Greenfield Project
4 178 (2.44%) User Experience
5 166 (2.27%) Data Centre
6 164 (2.25%) Data Protection Act
7 135 (1.85%) Mobile App
8 129 (1.77%) Self-Motivation
9 110 (1.51%) Data Structures
10 109 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
11 107 (1.47%) Hybrid Cloud
12 81 (1.11%) Algorithms
12 81 (1.11%) Management Information System
13 67 (0.92%) Fixed Income
14 63 (0.86%) Legacy Applications
15 61 (0.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 58 (0.79%) Linux Command Line
17 52 (0.71%) iPad
18 50 (0.69%) Hedge funds
19 46 (0.63%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,171 (16.04%) Linux
2 568 (7.78%) Windows
3 228 (3.12%) Unix
4 159 (2.18%) Windows Server
5 147 (2.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 86 (1.18%) Android
7 72 (0.99%) CentOS
8 51 (0.70%) Apple iOS
9 48 (0.66%) Ubuntu
10 40 (0.55%) VMS
11 24 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
11 24 (0.33%) Windows Server 2019
12 17 (0.23%) Windows Server 2016
13 15 (0.21%) Solaris
13 15 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
14 11 (0.15%) AIX
15 10 (0.14%) zOS
16 9 (0.12%) Windows XP
17 7 (0.096%) Debian
17 7 (0.096%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,156 (43.24%) Agile Software Development
2 1,064 (14.58%) Microservices
3 1,005 (13.77%) Scrum
4 974 (13.34%) Infrastructure as Code
5 860 (11.78%) Test Automation
6 798 (10.93%) TDD
7 737 (10.10%) Continuous Integration
8 674 (9.23%) Software Engineering
9 521 (7.14%) Full Stack Development
10 512 (7.01%) Migration
11 503 (6.89%) Analytics
12 496 (6.80%) Problem-Solving
13 454 (6.22%) Configuration Management
14 427 (5.85%) BDD
15 405 (5.55%) Business Intelligence
16 397 (5.44%) Continuous Delivery
17 377 (5.17%) Continuous Improvement
18 354 (4.85%) Stakeholder Management
19 351 (4.81%) SDLC
20 320 (4.38%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,761 (24.13%) Python
2 1,462 (20.03%) Java
3 1,383 (18.95%) SQL
4 912 (12.49%) JavaScript
5 853 (11.69%) C#
6 700 (9.59%) PowerShell
7 505 (6.92%) Bash Shell
8 365 (5.00%) TypeScript
9 263 (3.60%) Scala
10 217 (2.97%) Go
11 177 (2.42%) C++
12 165 (2.26%) Ruby
13 151 (2.07%) PHP
14 150 (2.06%) Groovy
15 149 (2.04%) Shell Script
16 141 (1.93%) Java 8
17 134 (1.84%) C
18 109 (1.49%) Perl
19 105 (1.44%) PL/SQL
20 103 (1.41%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 839 (11.49%) Security Cleared
2 637 (8.73%) SC Cleared
3 303 (4.15%) Degree
4 130 (1.78%) DV Cleared
5 105 (1.44%) AWS Certification
6 85 (1.16%) Computer Science Degree
7 62 (0.85%) ISTQB
8 61 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
9 36 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
10 33 (0.45%) CISSP
11 31 (0.42%) Cisco Certification
11 31 (0.42%) ISEB
12 26 (0.36%) DBS Check
12 26 (0.36%) Master's Degree
13 24 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 19 (0.26%) CCNP
15 17 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
16 16 (0.22%) CCNA
16 16 (0.22%) ITIL Certification
17 15 (0.21%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 302 (4.14%) QA
2 130 (1.78%) Accessibility
3 79 (1.08%) Data Quality
4 76 (1.04%) GDPR
5 48 (0.66%) SLA
6 26 (0.36%) PCI DSS
7 23 (0.32%) PMO
8 20 (0.27%) WCAG
9 19 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 17 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 13 (0.18%) NIST
12 9 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
12 9 (0.12%) NCSC
13 5 (0.069%) MiFID
14 4 (0.055%) FedRAMP
14 4 (0.055%) PSD2
15 3 (0.041%) HL7
15 3 (0.041%) SEPA
15 3 (0.041%) SOC 2
15 3 (0.041%) TARGET2
System Software
1 1,719 (23.55%) Docker
2 326 (4.47%) Active Directory
3 175 (2.40%) VMware Infrastructure
4 77 (1.05%) Virtual Machines
5 49 (0.67%) Hyper-V
6 41 (0.56%) HDFS
7 31 (0.42%) GridGain
8 28 (0.38%) vSphere
9 25 (0.34%) RACF
10 21 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
11 20 (0.27%) XenApp
12 18 (0.25%) Microsoft App-V
12 18 (0.25%) Virtual Desktop
13 16 (0.22%) Varnish
14 13 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 13 (0.18%) NFS
15 10 (0.14%) Job Entry Subsystem
15 10 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
15 10 (0.14%) VMware NSX
16 9 (0.12%) KVM
Systems Management
1 1,934 (26.50%) Terraform
2 1,817 (24.89%) Kubernetes
3 1,292 (17.70%) Ansible
4 434 (5.95%) Puppet
5 299 (4.10%) Opscode Chef
6 175 (2.40%) Grafana
7 167 (2.29%) Prometheus
8 107 (1.47%) Packer
9 93 (1.27%) Istio
10 88 (1.21%) Kibana
11 85 (1.16%) Rancher
12 59 (0.81%) Docker Swarm
13 45 (0.62%) Nagios
14 33 (0.45%) Consul
14 33 (0.45%) logstash
15 31 (0.42%) Microsoft Intune
16 30 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
17 28 (0.38%) Active Directory Federation Services
18 27 (0.37%) Oozie
19 23 (0.32%) vRealize
Vendors
1 990 (13.56%) Microsoft
2 479 (6.56%) Google
3 441 (6.04%) Oracle
4 304 (4.16%) Databricks
5 257 (3.52%) VMware
6 193 (2.64%) Splunk
7 157 (2.15%) Red Hat
8 155 (2.12%) SAP
9 142 (1.95%) IBM
10 112 (1.53%) Atlassian
11 110 (1.51%) Salesforce.com
12 108 (1.48%) MuleSoft
13 91 (1.25%) Cloudera
14 68 (0.93%) ServiceNow
15 63 (0.86%) HP
16 58 (0.79%) Cisco
17 55 (0.75%) New Relic
18 45 (0.62%) Citrix
19 42 (0.58%) Adobe
20 41 (0.56%) Hortonworks