Period
to 20 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 20 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 8 11 10
Rank change year-on-year +3 -1 +10
Contract jobs citing DevOps 4,063 6,827 9,319
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 11.82% 10.38% 10.37%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 13.67% 12.10% 11.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,683 5,071 6,795
Median daily rate £500 £550 £535
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -9.09% +2.80% +1.90%
10th Percentile £363 £400 £400
90th Percentile £650 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £520 £550 £525
% change year-on-year -5.45% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 35 12
Median hourly rate £45.00 £72.50 £51.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -37.93% +41.46% +3.54%
10th Percentile £21.25 £40.80 £28.61
90th Percentile £58.25 £78.75 £71.23
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £72.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -39.31% +45.00% +1.01%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 29,722 56,410 78,699
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.46% 85.77% 87.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,255 38,153 53,483
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £300 £288 £300
90th Percentile £663 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 978 1,678 1,841
Median hourly rate £26.88 £20.50 £21.76
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +31.13% -5.79% -1.09%
10th Percentile £11.97 £11.74 £11.25
90th Percentile £58.75 £52.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £27.50 £21.00 £21.83
% change year-on-year +30.95% -3.80% +1.53%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in England

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing DevOps in England.

Daily rate trend for DevOps in England

DevOps
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing DevOps in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for DevOps in England

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing DevOps in England.

Hourly rate trend for DevOps in England

DevOps
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing DevOps in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for DevOps in England

DevOps
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the England region over the 6 months to 20 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 2,423 £525 -8.70% 818
South East +4 482 £475 -7.32% 253
North of England -1 390 £475 -4.52% 394
North West +2 228 £485 -3.00% 225
Midlands +4 220 £450 -10.00% 170
South West +2 215 £500 -4.76% 157
West Midlands +1 134 £432 -14.46% 110
Yorkshire -3 122 £456 -6.41% 127
East of England +3 109 £500 -1.23% 113
East Midlands +7 83 £468 +10.00% 60
North East -4 40 £500 +14.29% 42
DevOps
UK

For the 6 months to 20 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for DevOps.

1 1,835 (45.16%) Agile Software Development
2 1,689 (41.57%) Azure
3 1,362 (33.52%) AWS
4 1,129 (27.79%) Kubernetes
5 1,125 (27.69%) Python
6 1,111 (27.34%) Terraform
7 1,054 (25.94%) Docker
8 927 (22.82%) Java
9 881 (21.68%) Jenkins
10 751 (18.48%) Linux
11 749 (18.43%) Security Cleared
12 748 (18.41%) Ansible
13 646 (15.90%) Microservices
13 646 (15.90%) SQL
14 642 (15.80%) Finance
15 635 (15.63%) Git (software)
16 609 (14.99%) SC Cleared
17 533 (13.12%) Scrum
18 514 (12.65%) Test Automation
19 492 (12.11%) JavaScript
20 487 (11.99%) Infrastructure as Code
21 481 (11.84%) Microsoft
22 453 (11.15%) TDD
23 420 (10.34%) Windows
24 416 (10.24%) JIRA
25 414 (10.19%) Continuous Integration
26 401 (9.87%) GCP
27 399 (9.82%) Software Engineering
28 394 (9.70%) .NET
29 390 (9.60%) PowerShell

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 240 (5.91%) Confluence
2 119 (2.93%) Elasticsearch
3 101 (2.49%) Apache
4 94 (2.31%) Apache Spark
5 60 (1.48%) SharePoint
6 55 (1.35%) Cloud Foundry
7 45 (1.11%) CMS
8 44 (1.08%) nginx
9 43 (1.06%) Tomcat
10 41 (1.01%) Mule
11 40 (0.98%) IIS
11 40 (0.98%) WebLogic
12 35 (0.86%) JBoss
13 22 (0.54%) OpenStack
14 21 (0.52%) Red Hat Fuse
15 19 (0.47%) Apache Airflow
15 19 (0.47%) Jupyter
16 16 (0.39%) ArcGIS
17 13 (0.32%) SAS
17 13 (0.32%) WebSphere
Applications
1 67 (1.65%) Microsoft Office
2 52 (1.28%) Microsoft Excel
3 44 (1.08%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (0.32%) Chatbot
6 8 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
6 8 (0.20%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.025%) 3ds Max
7 1 (0.025%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.025%) Blender
7 1 (0.025%) Figma
7 1 (0.025%) InVision
7 1 (0.025%) Maya
7 1 (0.025%) Sketch
7 1 (0.025%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.025%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 36 (0.89%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.17%) Magento
2 7 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
2 7 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 6 (0.15%) SAP ERP
4 5 (0.12%) Aligne
4 5 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
4 5 (0.12%) Sentinel
4 5 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 4 (0.098%) Distributed Ledger
5 4 (0.098%) Oracle Payables
5 4 (0.098%) SAP CRM
5 4 (0.098%) SAP IS-U
6 3 (0.074%) Infor M3
6 3 (0.074%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.074%) Oracle Financials
6 3 (0.074%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.049%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.049%) Temenos T24
7 2 (0.049%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 1,689 (41.57%) Azure
2 1,362 (33.52%) AWS
3 401 (9.87%) GCP
4 339 (8.34%) Serverless
5 270 (6.65%) GitHub
6 265 (6.52%) PaaS
7 204 (5.02%) AWS Lambda
8 195 (4.80%) IaaS
9 193 (4.75%) AWS CloudFormation
10 148 (3.64%) Amazon ECS
11 137 (3.37%) OpenShift
12 134 (3.30%) Amazon EC2
13 124 (3.05%) Amazon EKS
14 123 (3.03%) Amazon S3
15 120 (2.95%) Power Platform
16 104 (2.56%) SaaS
17 100 (2.46%) Azure Active Directory
18 84 (2.07%) Azure Functions
19 79 (1.94%) Azure Data Factory
20 78 (1.92%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 162 (3.99%) Firewall
2 82 (2.02%) DNS
3 53 (1.30%) VPN
4 46 (1.13%) Network Security
4 46 (1.13%) SSL
5 43 (1.06%) TCP/IP
6 42 (1.03%) HTTP
6 42 (1.03%) WAN
7 32 (0.79%) VLAN
8 27 (0.66%) DHCP
9 26 (0.64%) Internet
10 24 (0.59%) LAN
11 22 (0.54%) VSAN
12 18 (0.44%) Cisco ASA
12 18 (0.44%) HTTPS
12 18 (0.44%) Kerberos
12 18 (0.44%) Reverse Proxy
13 16 (0.39%) SMTP
14 15 (0.37%) SNMP
15 13 (0.32%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 336 (8.27%) SQL Server
2 192 (4.73%) Big Data
3 163 (4.01%) PostgreSQL
4 136 (3.35%) MySQL
5 129 (3.17%) Hadoop
6 124 (3.05%) NoSQL
7 117 (2.88%) Azure SQL Database
8 109 (2.68%) Amazon RDS
9 105 (2.58%) Data Warehouse
9 105 (2.58%) Relational Database
10 98 (2.41%) Data Lake
11 96 (2.36%) MongoDB
12 85 (2.09%) Power BI
13 81 (1.99%) Amazon Redshift
14 61 (1.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 60 (1.48%) Cosmos DB
16 48 (1.18%) Apache Hive
16 48 (1.18%) Redis
17 45 (1.11%) BigQuery
18 44 (1.08%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 881 (21.68%) Jenkins
2 635 (15.63%) Git (software)
3 416 (10.24%) JIRA
4 297 (7.31%) GitLab
5 165 (4.06%) Maven
6 140 (3.45%) Selenium
7 129 (3.17%) Artifactory
8 119 (2.93%) Bitbucket
9 101 (2.49%) Cucumber
10 100 (2.46%) Sonatype Nexus
11 96 (2.36%) SonarQube
12 91 (2.24%) JUnit
13 90 (2.22%) Visual Studio Team System
14 81 (1.99%) TeamCity
15 80 (1.97%) Gradle
16 78 (1.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 57 (1.40%) JMeter
18 56 (1.38%) Team Foundation Server
19 54 (1.33%) Mockito
20 52 (1.28%) Visual Studio
General
1 642 (15.80%) Finance
2 327 (8.05%) Banking
3 310 (7.63%) Public Sector
4 105 (2.58%) Telecoms
5 88 (2.17%) Retail
6 85 (2.09%) Marketing
7 69 (1.70%) Front Office
8 63 (1.55%) Investment Banking
9 51 (1.26%) Manufacturing
10 39 (0.96%) Electronics
11 27 (0.66%) Financial Institution
11 27 (0.66%) Pharmaceutical
12 25 (0.62%) Law
13 22 (0.54%) Retail Banking
14 20 (0.49%) Games
14 20 (0.49%) German Language
15 19 (0.47%) Back Office
15 19 (0.47%) Legal
16 18 (0.44%) Advertising
17 17 (0.42%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,104 (27.17%) DevOps Engineer
2 969 (23.85%) Developer
3 446 (10.98%) Architect
4 336 (8.27%) AWS Engineer
5 322 (7.93%) AWS DevOps
6 315 (7.75%) Azure Engineer
7 238 (5.86%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 213 (5.24%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 191 (4.70%) Java Developer
10 176 (4.33%) Azure DevOps
10 176 (4.33%) Cloud Engineer
11 131 (3.22%) Senior DevOps
12 125 (3.08%) Analyst
13 121 (2.98%) Data Engineer
14 119 (2.93%) Senior Developer
14 119 (2.93%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 110 (2.71%) .NET Developer
15 110 (2.71%) AWS Developer
16 108 (2.66%) Solutions Architect
17 105 (2.58%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 394 (9.70%) .NET
2 343 (8.44%) Node.js
3 295 (7.26%) React
4 282 (6.94%) Web Services
5 279 (6.87%) REST
6 230 (5.66%) HTML
7 227 (5.59%) CSS
8 225 (5.54%) Spring
9 219 (5.39%) AngularJS
10 180 (4.43%) Kafka
11 177 (4.36%) Spring Boot
12 174 (4.28%) JSON
13 169 (4.16%) RESTful
14 131 (3.22%) .NET Core
15 115 (2.83%) HTML5
16 100 (2.46%) .NET Framework
17 90 (2.22%) ASP.NET
17 90 (2.22%) SOAP
18 84 (2.07%) Elastic Stack
19 83 (2.04%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 200 (4.92%) Analytical Skills
2 171 (4.21%) Greenfield Project
3 129 (3.17%) Cloud Native
4 125 (3.08%) User Experience
5 116 (2.86%) Public Cloud
6 102 (2.51%) Mobile App
7 91 (2.24%) Data Centre
8 72 (1.77%) Hedge funds
9 68 (1.67%) Self-Motivation
10 55 (1.35%) Data Structures
11 51 (1.26%) Fixed Income
12 50 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
12 50 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
13 43 (1.06%) Private Cloud
14 40 (0.98%) Algorithms
14 40 (0.98%) Hybrid Cloud
14 40 (0.98%) Management Information System
15 36 (0.89%) Derivative
15 36 (0.89%) Virtual Team
16 35 (0.86%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 751 (18.48%) Linux
2 420 (10.34%) Windows
3 139 (3.42%) Unix
4 118 (2.90%) Windows Server
5 103 (2.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 98 (2.41%) Android
7 79 (1.94%) Apple iOS
8 70 (1.72%) CentOS
9 50 (1.23%) Ubuntu
10 36 (0.89%) Windows 10
11 34 (0.84%) Windows Server 2016
12 28 (0.69%) Windows Server 2012
13 25 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
14 19 (0.47%) Windows Server 2019
15 15 (0.37%) Mac OS X
16 11 (0.27%) VMS
17 10 (0.25%) Windows 7
18 9 (0.22%) Mac OS
19 8 (0.20%) Debian
20 7 (0.17%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,835 (45.16%) Agile Software Development
2 646 (15.90%) Microservices
3 533 (13.12%) Scrum
4 514 (12.65%) Test Automation
5 487 (11.99%) Infrastructure as Code
6 453 (11.15%) TDD
7 414 (10.19%) Continuous Integration
8 399 (9.82%) Software Engineering
9 296 (7.29%) Migration
10 295 (7.26%) Configuration Management
11 254 (6.25%) Continuous Delivery
12 241 (5.93%) Problem-Solving
13 233 (5.73%) BDD
14 218 (5.37%) Analytics
15 217 (5.34%) Kanban
16 196 (4.82%) Open Source
17 194 (4.77%) Mentoring
18 188 (4.63%) Business Intelligence
19 177 (4.36%) Stakeholder Management
20 170 (4.18%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 1,125 (27.69%) Python
2 927 (22.82%) Java
3 646 (15.90%) SQL
4 492 (12.11%) JavaScript
5 390 (9.60%) PowerShell
6 371 (9.13%) C#
7 315 (7.75%) Bash Shell
8 150 (3.69%) Scala
9 137 (3.37%) Ruby
10 129 (3.17%) Go
11 118 (2.90%) TypeScript
12 103 (2.54%) Shell Script
13 102 (2.51%) Java 8
14 96 (2.36%) Perl
15 91 (2.24%) PHP
16 75 (1.85%) Kotlin
17 70 (1.72%) Groovy
18 67 (1.65%) C++
19 63 (1.55%) C
20 54 (1.33%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 749 (18.43%) Security Cleared
2 609 (14.99%) SC Cleared
3 145 (3.57%) DV Cleared
4 134 (3.30%) Degree
5 55 (1.35%) AWS Certification
6 54 (1.33%) Computer Science Degree
7 40 (0.98%) Microsoft Certification
8 39 (0.96%) Cisco Certification
9 35 (0.86%) CISSP
10 28 (0.69%) ISTQB
11 24 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
12 17 (0.42%) ISEB
13 15 (0.37%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 15 (0.37%) CCNA
14 14 (0.34%) CISM
15 12 (0.30%) CCNP
15 12 (0.30%) Sun Certification
15 12 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
16 11 (0.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 11 (0.27%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 170 (4.18%) QA
2 52 (1.28%) SLA
3 32 (0.79%) NIST
4 29 (0.71%) GDPR
5 26 (0.64%) PMO
6 24 (0.59%) Data Quality
6 24 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 20 (0.49%) PCI DSS
8 18 (0.44%) WCAG
9 12 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 10 (0.25%) COBIT
11 7 (0.17%) HIPAA
12 4 (0.098%) ISO 9001
12 4 (0.098%) NCSC
13 3 (0.074%) Basel III
13 3 (0.074%) ISAE 3402
13 3 (0.074%) ISO 22301
13 3 (0.074%) ISO 31000
13 3 (0.074%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 3 (0.074%) RMADS
System Software
1 1,054 (25.94%) Docker
2 222 (5.46%) Active Directory
3 118 (2.90%) VMware Infrastructure
4 56 (1.38%) Virtual Machines
5 54 (1.33%) VMware NSX
6 36 (0.89%) HDFS
7 33 (0.81%) VMware ESXi
7 33 (0.81%) vSphere
8 29 (0.71%) Hyper-V
9 18 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 10 (0.25%) GlusterFS
11 8 (0.20%) Microsoft App-V
12 7 (0.17%) Varnish
13 6 (0.15%) NFS
14 5 (0.12%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
14 5 (0.12%) VirtualBox
15 4 (0.098%) Ceph
15 4 (0.098%) vCloud
15 4 (0.098%) Xen
16 3 (0.074%) LXC
Systems Management
1 1,129 (27.79%) Kubernetes
2 1,111 (27.34%) Terraform
3 748 (18.41%) Ansible
4 279 (6.87%) Puppet
5 206 (5.07%) Opscode Chef
6 113 (2.78%) Prometheus
7 97 (2.39%) Grafana
8 64 (1.58%) Packer
9 59 (1.45%) Istio
10 58 (1.43%) Kibana
11 44 (1.08%) Consul
12 37 (0.91%) Rancher
13 31 (0.76%) vCenter Server
14 26 (0.64%) logstash
14 26 (0.64%) Microsoft Intune
15 25 (0.62%) Single Sign-On
16 22 (0.54%) Salt
16 22 (0.54%) vRealize
17 21 (0.52%) Nagios
18 20 (0.49%) Fluentd
Vendors
1 481 (11.84%) Microsoft
2 221 (5.44%) Google
3 211 (5.19%) Oracle
4 180 (4.43%) VMware
5 150 (3.69%) Splunk
6 97 (2.39%) Red Hat
7 92 (2.26%) Cisco
8 90 (2.22%) Salesforce.com
9 88 (2.17%) Databricks
10 87 (2.14%) SAP
11 86 (2.12%) Atlassian
12 78 (1.92%) AppDynamics
13 61 (1.50%) MuleSoft
14 57 (1.40%) Cloudera
15 48 (1.18%) ServiceNow
16 38 (0.94%) Dell
17 37 (0.91%) Hortonworks
18 36 (0.89%) F5
19 28 (0.69%) IBM
20 25 (0.62%) Dynatrace