Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
UK > England
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 11 11
Rank change year-on-year +4 0 +1
Contract jobs citing DevOps 5,029 5,726 9,782
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 12.06% 10.63% 11.08%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 13.86% 12.44% 12.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,666 4,146 6,940
10th Percentile £366 £400 £400
25th Percentile £428 £463 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £515 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year -6.36% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £600 £625 £623
90th Percentile £675 £700 £688
UK median daily rate £522 £540 £543
% change year-on-year -3.33% -0.46% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 20 16
10th Percentile £23.75 £18.03 £26.65
25th Percentile £40.00 £42.25 £44.32
Median hourly rate £45.00 £62.00 £49.00
Median % change year-on-year -27.42% +26.53% -19.67%
75th Percentile £55.00 £78.75 £63.44
90th Percentile £62.25 " £70.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £54.50 £49.00
% change year-on-year -17.43% +11.22% -19.67%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 36,288 46,034 77,471
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.05% 85.49% 87.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,976 31,050 52,879
10th Percentile £303 £290 £304
25th Percentile £400 £381 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.63% - +2.70%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £663 £650
UK median daily rate £480 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +1.05% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,197 1,399 1,770
10th Percentile £12.10 £12.30 £11.85
25th Percentile £15.50 £15.75 £14.50
Median hourly rate £25.00 £21.34 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +17.15% -5.16% +4.65%
75th Percentile £46.00 £45.00 £43.75
90th Percentile £58.00 £53.28 £50.50
UK median hourly rate £26.25 £21.50 £22.70
% change year-on-year +22.07% -5.29% +8.10%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in England

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing DevOps in England.

Daily rate trend for DevOps in England

DevOps
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing DevOps in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for DevOps in England

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing DevOps in England.

Hourly rate trend for DevOps in England

DevOps
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing DevOps in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for DevOps in England

DevOps
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the England region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 3,064 £538 -6.52% 1,096
South East +4 608 £496 -0.75% 299
North of England -2 402 £475 -7.32% 472
South West -2 265 £500 -4.76% 205
North West -2 234 £475 -9.52% 260
Midlands -12 204 £438 -7.89% 220
West Midlands -9 141 £438 -12.50% 152
Yorkshire -3 132 £456 -8.75% 163
East of England +9 128 £500 - 135
East Midlands -10 61 £403 -5.29% 68
North East 0 36 £495 -0.50% 49
DevOps
UK

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for DevOps.

1 2,228 (44.30%) Azure
2 2,194 (43.63%) Agile Software Development
3 1,539 (30.60%) AWS
4 1,370 (27.24%) Terraform
5 1,278 (25.41%) Kubernetes
6 1,268 (25.21%) Python
7 1,196 (23.78%) Docker
8 1,014 (20.16%) Java
9 948 (18.85%) Jenkins
10 913 (18.15%) Linux
11 894 (17.78%) Ansible
12 877 (17.44%) SQL
13 815 (16.21%) Security Cleared
14 787 (15.65%) Finance
15 778 (15.47%) Git (software)
16 751 (14.93%) Microservices
17 703 (13.98%) Scrum
18 649 (12.91%) Microsoft
19 645 (12.83%) .NET
20 641 (12.75%) SC Cleared
21 631 (12.55%) Infrastructure as Code
22 618 (12.29%) JavaScript
23 599 (11.91%) TDD
24 583 (11.59%) Test Automation
25 557 (11.08%) JIRA
26 556 (11.06%) C#
27 540 (10.74%) Continuous Integration
28 512 (10.18%) GCP
29 506 (10.06%) Windows
30 501 (9.96%) PowerShell

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 279 (5.55%) Confluence
2 133 (2.64%) SharePoint
3 125 (2.49%) Elasticsearch
4 119 (2.37%) Apache Spark
5 110 (2.19%) Apache
6 55 (1.09%) nginx
7 42 (0.84%) IIS
8 41 (0.82%) Cloud Foundry
9 39 (0.78%) Tomcat
10 38 (0.76%) CMS
11 33 (0.66%) WebLogic
12 32 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
13 28 (0.56%) JBoss
14 22 (0.44%) WebSphere
15 19 (0.38%) OpenStack
16 18 (0.36%) Mule
17 16 (0.32%) ArcGIS
17 16 (0.32%) Red Hat Fuse
18 13 (0.26%) SAS
19 12 (0.24%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 77 (1.53%) Microsoft Office
2 58 (1.15%) Microsoft Excel
3 38 (0.76%) MS Visio
4 17 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 10 (0.20%) Chatbot
5 10 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
6 9 (0.18%) Photoshop
7 4 (0.080%) Figma
8 2 (0.040%) Adobe XD
8 2 (0.040%) InVision
8 2 (0.040%) Sketch
8 2 (0.040%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.020%) 3ds Max
9 1 (0.020%) Blender
9 1 (0.020%) Maya
9 1 (0.020%) Simulink
9 1 (0.020%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 49 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.24%) Sentinel
3 10 (0.20%) Magento
4 9 (0.18%) Summit
5 6 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
6 5 (0.099%) Aligne
6 5 (0.099%) Dynamics AX
6 5 (0.099%) Payment Gateway
6 5 (0.099%) Remedy ITSM
6 5 (0.099%) SAP Hybris
7 4 (0.080%) Dynamics NAV
7 4 (0.080%) R3 Corda
7 4 (0.080%) SAP CRM
8 3 (0.060%) IntelliMatch
8 3 (0.060%) Oracle BPM
8 3 (0.060%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 2 (0.040%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 2 (0.040%) SAP S/4HANA
9 2 (0.040%) Shopify
9 2 (0.040%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 2,228 (44.30%) Azure
2 1,539 (30.60%) AWS
3 512 (10.18%) GCP
4 380 (7.56%) Serverless
5 351 (6.98%) PaaS
6 304 (6.04%) GitHub
7 239 (4.75%) IaaS
8 223 (4.43%) AWS CloudFormation
9 211 (4.20%) Power Platform
10 184 (3.66%) AWS Lambda
11 165 (3.28%) OpenShift
12 162 (3.22%) SaaS
13 157 (3.12%) Azure Active Directory
14 140 (2.78%) Amazon EKS
15 123 (2.45%) Amazon S3
16 121 (2.41%) Amazon EC2
17 113 (2.25%) Microsoft 365
18 108 (2.15%) Azure Data Factory
19 98 (1.95%) Amazon ECS
20 84 (1.67%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 156 (3.10%) Firewall
2 81 (1.61%) DNS
3 58 (1.15%) TCP/IP
3 58 (1.15%) VPN
4 51 (1.01%) WAN
5 45 (0.89%) SSL
6 34 (0.68%) LAN
6 34 (0.68%) Network Security
7 32 (0.64%) VLAN
8 28 (0.56%) DHCP
8 28 (0.56%) HTTP
9 27 (0.54%) Internet
10 19 (0.38%) IPsec
10 19 (0.38%) SMTP
11 18 (0.36%) Cisco ASA
12 16 (0.32%) SNMP
12 16 (0.32%) SSH
13 15 (0.30%) HTTPS
13 15 (0.30%) POP3
14 14 (0.28%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 384 (7.64%) SQL Server
2 208 (4.14%) Big Data
3 165 (3.28%) NoSQL
4 152 (3.02%) Power BI
5 144 (2.86%) PostgreSQL
6 142 (2.82%) Azure SQL Database
6 142 (2.82%) Data Warehouse
7 134 (2.66%) Hadoop
8 123 (2.45%) Data Lake
9 116 (2.31%) Relational Database
10 109 (2.17%) Amazon RDS
11 108 (2.15%) MongoDB
11 108 (2.15%) MySQL
12 77 (1.53%) Cosmos DB
13 70 (1.39%) Tableau
14 64 (1.27%) BigQuery
15 63 (1.25%) Redis
16 61 (1.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 53 (1.05%) RDBMS
18 50 (0.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 948 (18.85%) Jenkins
2 778 (15.47%) Git (software)
3 557 (11.08%) JIRA
4 261 (5.19%) GitLab
5 185 (3.68%) Bitbucket
6 183 (3.64%) Maven
7 169 (3.36%) Selenium
8 134 (2.66%) SonarQube
9 112 (2.23%) Cucumber
10 108 (2.15%) TeamCity
11 103 (2.05%) Artifactory
12 102 (2.03%) Sonatype Nexus
13 93 (1.85%) Octopus Deploy
13 93 (1.85%) Visual Studio
14 91 (1.81%) Gradle
15 86 (1.71%) JUnit
16 82 (1.63%) Visual Studio Team System
17 72 (1.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 62 (1.23%) webpack
19 57 (1.13%) JMeter
General
1 787 (15.65%) Finance
2 422 (8.39%) Banking
3 333 (6.62%) Public Sector
4 132 (2.62%) Telecoms
5 125 (2.49%) Retail
6 114 (2.27%) Investment Banking
7 100 (1.99%) Marketing
8 75 (1.49%) Front Office
9 59 (1.17%) Manufacturing
10 50 (0.99%) Electronics
11 28 (0.56%) Financial Institution
12 26 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
13 25 (0.50%) Law
14 24 (0.48%) Games
14 24 (0.48%) Publishing
15 22 (0.44%) Advertising
15 22 (0.44%) Legal
16 21 (0.42%) Billing
16 21 (0.42%) Retail Banking
17 16 (0.32%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1,320 (26.25%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,279 (25.43%) Developer
3 558 (11.10%) Architect
4 422 (8.39%) Azure Engineer
5 385 (7.66%) AWS DevOps
6 370 (7.36%) AWS Engineer
7 295 (5.87%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 268 (5.33%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 233 (4.63%) Java Developer
10 222 (4.41%) Azure DevOps
11 221 (4.39%) Cloud Engineer
12 187 (3.72%) Analyst
13 180 (3.58%) Senior DevOps
14 179 (3.56%) .NET Developer
15 170 (3.38%) Senior Developer
16 160 (3.18%) Senior DevOps Engineer
17 147 (2.92%) Consultant
18 145 (2.88%) Cloud Architect
19 141 (2.80%) Data Engineer
20 127 (2.53%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 645 (12.83%) .NET
2 374 (7.44%) React
3 372 (7.40%) Node.js
4 309 (6.14%) HTML
5 300 (5.97%) AngularJS
6 281 (5.59%) CSS
7 278 (5.53%) Web Services
8 271 (5.39%) Kafka
9 269 (5.35%) REST
10 252 (5.01%) Spring
11 208 (4.14%) .NET Core
12 195 (3.88%) RESTful
13 192 (3.82%) Spring Boot
14 179 (3.56%) JSON
15 146 (2.90%) HTML5
16 129 (2.57%) ASP.NET
17 125 (2.49%) .NET Framework
18 103 (2.05%) YAML
19 94 (1.87%) Elastic Stack
20 93 (1.85%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 301 (5.99%) Analytical Skills
2 208 (4.14%) Cloud Native
3 191 (3.80%) Public Cloud
4 171 (3.40%) Greenfield Project
5 157 (3.12%) User Experience
6 125 (2.49%) Mobile App
7 122 (2.43%) Data Centre
8 99 (1.97%) Self-Motivation
9 69 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
10 63 (1.25%) Data Structures
11 62 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
12 59 (1.17%) Hybrid Cloud
13 57 (1.13%) Fixed Income
14 54 (1.07%) Algorithms
15 50 (0.99%) Virtual Team
16 48 (0.95%) Management Information System
17 43 (0.86%) Private Cloud
18 40 (0.80%) iPad
19 38 (0.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
20 30 (0.60%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 913 (18.15%) Linux
2 506 (10.06%) Windows
3 149 (2.96%) Unix
4 142 (2.82%) Windows Server
5 119 (2.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 100 (1.99%) Android
7 76 (1.51%) CentOS
8 65 (1.29%) Apple iOS
9 44 (0.87%) Ubuntu
10 25 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
11 24 (0.48%) VMS
12 22 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
13 19 (0.38%) Windows 10
13 19 (0.38%) Windows Server 2019
14 15 (0.30%) Windows Server 2016
15 10 (0.20%) Mac OS X
15 10 (0.20%) Windows 7
16 7 (0.14%) Solaris
17 6 (0.12%) Debian
17 6 (0.12%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,194 (43.63%) Agile Software Development
2 751 (14.93%) Microservices
3 703 (13.98%) Scrum
4 631 (12.55%) Infrastructure as Code
5 599 (11.91%) TDD
6 583 (11.59%) Test Automation
7 540 (10.74%) Continuous Integration
8 480 (9.54%) Software Engineering
9 362 (7.20%) Migration
10 326 (6.48%) Configuration Management
11 323 (6.42%) Problem-Solving
12 308 (6.12%) BDD
13 299 (5.95%) Analytics
14 289 (5.75%) Continuous Delivery
15 247 (4.91%) Mentoring
16 237 (4.71%) Open Source
17 232 (4.61%) Business Intelligence
18 229 (4.55%) Kanban
18 229 (4.55%) SDLC
19 228 (4.53%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 1,268 (25.21%) Python
2 1,014 (20.16%) Java
3 877 (17.44%) SQL
4 618 (12.29%) JavaScript
5 556 (11.06%) C#
6 501 (9.96%) PowerShell
7 320 (6.36%) Bash Shell
8 253 (5.03%) TypeScript
9 196 (3.90%) Scala
10 158 (3.14%) Go
11 144 (2.86%) Ruby
12 112 (2.23%) Shell Script
13 107 (2.13%) Java 8
14 105 (2.09%) C++
14 105 (2.09%) PHP
15 99 (1.97%) Perl
16 90 (1.79%) Groovy
17 79 (1.57%) C
18 72 (1.43%) PL/SQL
19 69 (1.37%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 815 (16.21%) Security Cleared
2 641 (12.75%) SC Cleared
3 226 (4.49%) Degree
4 173 (3.44%) DV Cleared
5 100 (1.99%) Computer Science Degree
6 54 (1.07%) AWS Certification
7 43 (0.86%) Cisco Certification
7 43 (0.86%) Microsoft Certification
8 30 (0.60%) CISSP
8 30 (0.60%) ISTQB
9 27 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
10 24 (0.48%) CCNP
10 24 (0.48%) ISEB
11 23 (0.46%) CCNA
12 19 (0.38%) Master's Degree
13 13 (0.26%) CISM
14 12 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
15 11 (0.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 11 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
16 10 (0.20%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 250 (4.97%) QA
2 53 (1.05%) SLA
3 41 (0.82%) Data Quality
4 27 (0.54%) GDPR
4 27 (0.54%) PCI DSS
5 26 (0.52%) WCAG
6 22 (0.44%) NIST
7 19 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 18 (0.36%) PMO
9 7 (0.14%) NCSC
9 7 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 5 (0.099%) HIPAA
11 3 (0.060%) COBIT
11 3 (0.060%) Disclosure Scotland
11 3 (0.060%) ISO 26262
11 3 (0.060%) PSD2
11 3 (0.060%) RMADS
12 2 (0.040%) OASIS TOSCA
12 2 (0.040%) SEPA
12 2 (0.040%) TARGET2
System Software
1 1,196 (23.78%) Docker
2 255 (5.07%) Active Directory
3 141 (2.80%) VMware Infrastructure
4 79 (1.57%) Virtual Machines
5 55 (1.09%) Hyper-V
6 43 (0.86%) VMware NSX
7 42 (0.84%) HDFS
8 23 (0.46%) Microsoft App-V
9 21 (0.42%) GridGain
10 19 (0.38%) vSphere
11 18 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
12 11 (0.22%) GlusterFS
12 11 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
13 10 (0.20%) NFS
13 10 (0.20%) XenApp
14 8 (0.16%) Varnish
15 7 (0.14%) KVM
16 6 (0.12%) Ceph
16 6 (0.12%) LXC
17 5 (0.099%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 1,370 (27.24%) Terraform
2 1,278 (25.41%) Kubernetes
3 894 (17.78%) Ansible
4 292 (5.81%) Puppet
5 221 (4.39%) Opscode Chef
6 137 (2.72%) Prometheus
7 124 (2.47%) Grafana
8 92 (1.83%) Istio
9 78 (1.55%) Packer
10 63 (1.25%) Kibana
11 47 (0.93%) Rancher
12 45 (0.89%) Consul
13 37 (0.74%) Microsoft Intune
14 36 (0.72%) logstash
15 35 (0.70%) Docker Swarm
16 28 (0.56%) Fluentd
16 28 (0.56%) Nagios
17 23 (0.46%) vRealize
18 21 (0.42%) Salt
19 20 (0.40%) SCCM
Vendors
1 649 (12.91%) Microsoft
2 293 (5.83%) Google
3 253 (5.03%) Oracle
4 212 (4.22%) VMware
5 138 (2.74%) Splunk
6 111 (2.21%) Red Hat
7 105 (2.09%) Databricks
8 100 (1.99%) SAP
9 93 (1.85%) Atlassian
10 88 (1.75%) Salesforce.com
11 87 (1.73%) Cisco
12 71 (1.41%) MuleSoft
13 66 (1.31%) IBM
14 53 (1.05%) AppDynamics
15 44 (0.87%) Cloudera
16 35 (0.70%) Dell
16 35 (0.70%) Hortonworks
17 33 (0.66%) ServiceNow
18 30 (0.60%) F5
19 29 (0.58%) New Relic