Period
to 22 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Entity Framework skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Entity Framework over the 6 months to 22 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microsoft ADO.NET Entity Framework
UK
6 months to
22 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 352 328 334
Rank change year-on-year -24 +6 +20
Contract jobs citing Entity Framework 640 810 734
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.69% 0.78% 0.77%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.16% 2.31% 2.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 496 658 561
UK median daily rate £425 £390 £365
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.97% +6.85% +4.29%
10th Percentile £320 £307 £288
90th Percentile £538 £538 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £390 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +4.00% +7.14% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 5 10
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £43.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.33% +1.18% +27.82%
10th Percentile £28.68 £39.40 £22.89
90th Percentile £46.88 £44.20 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £43.00 £33.13
% change year-on-year -2.33% +29.81% -0.38%

Entity Framework is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29,572 35,052 30,880
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.04% 33.92% 32.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,669 24,680 21,349
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.16% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £331 £319 £306
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 325 368 382
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.46 £40.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.52% +2.66% +7.68%
10th Percentile £19.23 £15.24 £15.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £57.88 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.25
% change year-on-year +6.25% -3.03% +10.00%

Entity Framework
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Entity Framework as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Entity Framework.

Contractor daily rate trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework over the 6 months to 22 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework over the 6 months to 22 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework within the UK over the 6 months to 22 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 594 £430 +10.97% 433
UK excluding London -46 378 £390 +4.00% 384
London +46 258 £475 +2.70% 82
South East +21 166 £425 +6.25% 91
North of England -33 79 £350 - 100
North West -9 51 £350 -5.41% 55
South West -38 39 £385 +2.67% 47
Scotland -6 33 £394 -1.56% 18
Midlands +4 31 £369 +5.36% 79
East of England +7 25 £419 +17.13% 34
Yorkshire -20 24 £350 - 44
East Midlands +33 23 £369 -1.67% 46
West Midlands -11 8 £369 +13.46% 33
Northern Ireland +6 5 £430 - 6
North East +16 4 £369 +5.36% 1
Wales -16 2 £354 -11.50% 9

For the 6 months to 22 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Entity Framework also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Entity Framework.

1 613 (95.78%) .NET
2 606 (94.69%) C#
3 579 (90.47%) .NET Framework
4 395 (61.72%) MVC
5 382 (59.69%) SQL Server
6 363 (56.72%) ASP.NET
7 356 (55.63%) JavaScript
8 344 (53.75%) Agile Software Development
9 323 (50.47%) ASP.NET Web API
10 306 (47.81%) SQL
11 303 (47.34%) AngularJS
12 274 (42.81%) CSS
13 273 (42.66%) HTML
14 272 (42.50%) Microsoft Azure
15 207 (32.34%) TDD
16 190 (29.69%) ASP.NET MVC
17 188 (29.38%) .NET Core
18 161 (25.16%) jQuery
19 145 (22.66%) Visual Studio
20 137 (21.41%) HTML5
21 135 (21.09%) REST
22 129 (20.16%) Scrum
23 127 (19.84%) Web Services
23 127 (19.84%) Git (software)
24 124 (19.38%) Microsoft
25 119 (18.59%) Finance
26 115 (17.97%) DevOps
27 106 (16.56%) SOLID
27 106 (16.56%) Microservices
28 101 (15.78%) RESTful

Entity Framework
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (5.94%) Umbraco
2 33 (5.16%) IIS
2 33 (5.16%) SharePoint
3 19 (2.97%) CMS
4 11 (1.72%) NServiceBus
5 9 (1.41%) Confluence
6 7 (1.09%) BizTalk Server
6 7 (1.09%) Elasticsearch
7 6 (0.94%) EPiServer
7 6 (0.94%) Sitecore CMS
8 2 (0.31%) Oracle Workflow
8 2 (0.31%) Skype for Business
9 1 (0.16%) ArcGIS
9 1 (0.16%) Kentico
9 1 (0.16%) NetWeaver
9 1 (0.16%) OpenROAD
Applications
1 6 (0.94%) Photoshop
2 4 (0.63%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.16%) Adobe XD
3 1 (0.16%) Fireworks
3 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 18 (2.81%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.47%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.16%) Cognos Business Intelligence
3 1 (0.16%) Endur
3 1 (0.16%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 272 (42.50%) Microsoft Azure
2 48 (7.50%) Amazon AWS
3 27 (4.22%) Azure Active Directory
3 27 (4.22%) PaaS
4 24 (3.75%) SaaS
5 23 (3.59%) npm
6 20 (3.13%) Serverless
7 14 (2.19%) Azure Functions
8 10 (1.56%) Google Cloud Platform
8 10 (1.56%) Power Platform
9 9 (1.41%) GitHub
10 8 (1.25%) Dynamics 365
11 7 (1.09%) AWS Lambda
11 7 (1.09%) Office 365
12 5 (0.78%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 5 (0.78%) Cloud Computing
12 5 (0.78%) Microsoft Flow
13 4 (0.63%) AWS CloudFormation
13 4 (0.63%) Datadog
13 4 (0.63%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 3 (0.47%) Intranet
1 3 (0.47%) Skype
2 2 (0.31%) Wireless
3 1 (0.16%) FTP
3 1 (0.16%) SMTP
3 1 (0.16%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 382 (59.69%) SQL Server
2 45 (7.03%) Azure SQL Database
3 35 (5.47%) SQL Server 2008
4 34 (5.31%) NoSQL
4 34 (5.31%) Relational Database
5 26 (4.06%) Cosmos DB
5 26 (4.06%) SQL Server 2016
5 26 (4.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 21 (3.28%) Data Warehouse
7 11 (1.72%) MySQL
7 11 (1.72%) Redis
8 10 (1.56%) SQL Server 2012
8 10 (1.56%) SQL Server 2014
8 10 (1.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 9 (1.41%) MongoDB
10 8 (1.25%) Power BI
11 7 (1.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 7 (1.09%) Data Lake
12 5 (0.78%) Amazon Aurora
12 5 (0.78%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 145 (22.66%) Visual Studio
2 127 (19.84%) Git (software)
3 75 (11.72%) Team Foundation Server
4 65 (10.16%) NUnit
5 54 (8.44%) TeamCity
6 31 (4.84%) Jenkins
6 31 (4.84%) JIRA
7 28 (4.38%) Visual Studio Team System
8 26 (4.06%) Bitbucket
8 26 (4.06%) Octopus Deploy
9 21 (3.28%) Jasmine
9 21 (3.28%) Karma Test Runner
10 18 (2.81%) MSTest
11 14 (2.19%) MSBuild
12 13 (2.03%) Moq
12 13 (2.03%) Selenium
13 11 (1.72%) SpecFlow
14 9 (1.41%) StyleCop
14 9 (1.41%) webpack
15 8 (1.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 119 (18.59%) Finance
2 27 (4.22%) Retail
3 22 (3.44%) Banking
3 22 (3.44%) Legal
4 17 (2.66%) Law
5 14 (2.19%) Marketing
6 10 (1.56%) Telecoms
7 8 (1.25%) Manufacturing
7 8 (1.25%) Pharmaceutical
8 6 (0.94%) Investment Banking
9 5 (0.78%) Advertising
9 5 (0.78%) Electronics
10 3 (0.47%) Automotive
10 3 (0.47%) Front Office
11 1 (0.16%) Games
11 1 (0.16%) Italian Language
11 1 (0.16%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 594 (92.81%) Developer
2 369 (57.66%) .NET Developer
3 222 (34.69%) C# Developer
4 147 (22.97%) C# .NET Developer
5 114 (17.81%) Full Stack Developer
6 70 (10.94%) Senior Developer
7 68 (10.63%) Angular Developer
8 53 (8.28%) Senior .NET Developer
9 51 (7.97%) ASP.NET Developer
10 47 (7.34%) Software Developer
11 42 (6.56%) C# ASP.NET Developer
12 36 (5.63%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
13 32 (5.00%) SQL Developer
14 29 (4.53%) Senior C# Developer
15 27 (4.22%) JavaScript Developer
15 27 (4.22%) Web Developer
16 22 (3.44%) .NET Software Developer
16 22 (3.44%) Azure Developer
17 20 (3.13%) Senior C# .NET Developer
18 18 (2.81%) .NET Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 613 (95.78%) .NET
2 579 (90.47%) .NET Framework
3 363 (56.72%) ASP.NET
4 323 (50.47%) ASP.NET Web API
5 303 (47.34%) AngularJS
6 274 (42.81%) CSS
7 273 (42.66%) HTML
8 190 (29.69%) ASP.NET MVC
9 188 (29.38%) .NET Core
10 161 (25.16%) jQuery
11 137 (21.41%) HTML5
12 135 (21.09%) REST
13 127 (19.84%) Web Services
14 101 (15.78%) RESTful
15 99 (15.47%) WCF
16 91 (14.22%) LINQ
17 90 (14.06%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 86 (13.44%) JSON
19 80 (12.50%) CSS3
20 78 (12.19%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 43 (6.72%) Greenfield Project
2 30 (4.69%) Enterprise Software
3 29 (4.53%) Analytical Skills
4 20 (3.13%) Mobile App
5 15 (2.34%) User Experience
6 9 (1.41%) Algorithms
7 7 (1.09%) Hedge funds
8 5 (0.78%) RIA
9 4 (0.63%) Blog
9 4 (0.63%) Online Banking
10 3 (0.47%) Data Structures
10 3 (0.47%) iPad
10 3 (0.47%) Management Information System
10 3 (0.47%) Reinsurance
10 3 (0.47%) Self-Motivation
11 2 (0.31%) Hybrid Cloud
11 2 (0.31%) W3C
12 1 (0.16%) Graphic Design
12 1 (0.16%) NHS
12 1 (0.16%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 38 (5.94%) Windows
2 17 (2.66%) Android
3 16 (2.50%) Apple iOS
4 3 (0.47%) Windows Server
5 2 (0.31%) Linux
5 2 (0.31%) Unix
6 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 395 (61.72%) MVC
2 344 (53.75%) Agile Software Development
3 207 (32.34%) TDD
4 129 (20.16%) Scrum
5 115 (17.97%) DevOps
6 106 (16.56%) Microservices
6 106 (16.56%) SOLID
7 88 (13.75%) Unit Testing
8 78 (12.19%) BDD
9 66 (10.31%) SOA
10 60 (9.38%) Continuous Integration
11 52 (8.13%) Test Automation
12 46 (7.19%) Web Development
13 40 (6.25%) OO
13 40 (6.25%) Problem-Solving
14 38 (5.94%) Software Engineering
15 37 (5.78%) Dependency Injection
16 36 (5.63%) Workflow
17 33 (5.16%) B2C
18 29 (4.53%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 606 (94.69%) C#
2 356 (55.63%) JavaScript
3 306 (47.81%) SQL
4 90 (14.06%) TypeScript
5 75 (11.72%) T-SQL
6 46 (7.19%) PowerShell
7 8 (1.25%) Java
8 4 (0.63%) ANSI SQL
8 4 (0.63%) Python
8 4 (0.63%) VB
8 4 (0.63%) VB6
9 3 (0.47%) ES6
9 3 (0.47%) VB.NET
10 2 (0.31%) C
11 1 (0.16%) C++
11 1 (0.16%) ES7
11 1 (0.16%) PL/SQL
11 1 (0.16%) VBA
11 1 (0.16%) XAML
11 1 (0.16%) XPath
Qualifications
1 22 (3.44%) Security Cleared
2 18 (2.81%) Degree
3 13 (2.03%) Computer Science Degree
4 12 (1.88%) SC Cleared
5 6 (0.94%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (0.47%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.31%) BC Cleared
8 1 (0.16%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (1.41%) GxP
1 9 (1.41%) QA
2 3 (0.47%) GDPR
3 2 (0.31%) SLA
4 1 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 63 (9.84%) Docker
2 27 (4.22%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 49 (7.66%) Kubernetes
2 7 (1.09%) Single Sign-On
3 6 (0.94%) Opscode Chef
3 6 (0.94%) Terraform
4 4 (0.63%) logstash
5 3 (0.47%) MIIS
6 2 (0.31%) Ansible
6 2 (0.31%) Puppet
6 2 (0.31%) Rancher
7 1 (0.16%) Kibana
Vendors
1 124 (19.38%) Microsoft
2 31 (4.84%) Oracle
3 29 (4.53%) Xamarin
4 12 (1.88%) Google
5 7 (1.09%) Atlassian
5 7 (1.09%) Sitecore
5 7 (1.09%) Telerik
6 6 (0.94%) SAP
7 4 (0.63%) New Relic
8 3 (0.47%) Apple
8 3 (0.47%) BMC
8 3 (0.47%) Cognos
8 3 (0.47%) Remedy
8 3 (0.47%) ServiceNow
8 3 (0.47%) Sybase
9 2 (0.31%) Tableau
9 2 (0.31%) VMware
10 1 (0.16%) Facebook
10 1 (0.16%) OpenLink
10 1 (0.16%) Twitter