Period
to 22 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Entity Framework skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Entity Framework over the 6 months to 22 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microsoft ADO.NET Entity Framework
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 293 348 349
Rank change year-on-year +55 +1 -32
Contract jobs citing Entity Framework 920 708 753
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.89% 0.71% 0.71%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.55% 2.21% 2.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 729 557 544
UK median daily rate £413 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +7.14% -
10th Percentile £310 £300 £288
90th Percentile £552 £538 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £340
% change year-on-year +7.14% +2.94% +1.49%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 8 11
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £33.88 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.94% +41.15% -54.00%
10th Percentile £26.75 £21.68 £22.00
90th Percentile £48.75 £42.50 £42.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £33.88 £24.00
% change year-on-year +26.94% +41.15% -54.94%

Entity Framework is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 36,035 32,066 32,083
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.89% 32.27% 30.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,376 22,508 22,297
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £295
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 319 365 377
UK median hourly rate £41.61 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.03% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £15.65 £18.20 £13.50
90th Percentile £59.00 £52.50 £50.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.50 £40.31 £36.00
% change year-on-year +2.96% +11.96% -4.00%

Entity Framework
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Entity Framework as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Entity Framework.

Contractor daily rate trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +53 829 £415 +10.67% 445
UK excluding London +23 596 £375 +7.14% 373
London +35 302 £475 +5.56% 98
South East +56 223 £425 +21.43% 92
North of England +40 145 £365 +4.29% 112
Yorkshire +29 72 £365 +7.35% 47
North West +10 68 £375 +3.45% 52
Midlands -39 67 £375 +15.38% 58
South West -29 60 £375 +7.14% 40
West Midlands -16 41 £375 +15.38% 39
Scotland -18 36 £375 -6.25% 13
Wales -25 31 £400 +6.67% 9
East of England +3 30 £373 +14.62% 45
East Midlands -2 26 £388 +20.16% 19
North East +9 5 £450 +63.64% 13
Northern Ireland - 4 - - 4

For the 6 months to 22 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Entity Framework also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Entity Framework.

1 867 (94.24%) .NET
2 857 (93.15%) .NET Framework
3 830 (90.22%) C#
4 538 (58.48%) MVC
5 533 (57.93%) SQL Server
6 500 (54.35%) Agile Software Development
7 483 (52.50%) ASP.NET
7 483 (52.50%) SQL
8 449 (48.80%) JavaScript
9 414 (45.00%) ASP.NET Web API
10 375 (40.76%) AngularJS
11 317 (34.46%) HTML
12 290 (31.52%) ASP.NET MVC
13 289 (31.41%) CSS
14 274 (29.78%) Microsoft Azure
15 266 (28.91%) TDD
16 214 (23.26%) jQuery
17 207 (22.50%) Microsoft
18 200 (21.74%) .NET Core
19 183 (19.89%) Scrum
20 174 (18.91%) Visual Studio
21 168 (18.26%) WCF
22 165 (17.93%) Web Services
23 153 (16.63%) Git (software)
24 147 (15.98%) Finance
25 145 (15.76%) Unit Testing
26 144 (15.65%) Continuous Integration
27 125 (13.59%) Problem-Solving
28 122 (13.26%) LINQ
29 120 (13.04%) Team Foundation Server

Entity Framework
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (5.22%) CMS
1 48 (5.22%) IIS
2 40 (4.35%) SharePoint
3 28 (3.04%) Sitecore CMS
4 18 (1.96%) Elasticsearch
4 18 (1.96%) NServiceBus
5 16 (1.74%) Umbraco
6 10 (1.09%) BizTalk Server
7 9 (0.98%) Confluence
8 5 (0.54%) EPiServer
9 3 (0.33%) Oracle Workflow
10 2 (0.22%) SharePoint 2013
11 1 (0.11%) Apache Pig
11 1 (0.11%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 13 (1.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (0.87%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.43%) SDL Web 8
3 3 (0.33%) thinkFolio
4 2 (0.22%) Endur
4 2 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 274 (29.78%) Microsoft Azure
2 51 (5.54%) Amazon AWS
3 25 (2.72%) Serverless
4 19 (2.07%) npm
5 15 (1.63%) NuGet
6 9 (0.98%) AWS Lambda
6 9 (0.98%) Office 365
7 8 (0.87%) Azure Functions
8 7 (0.76%) Google Cloud Platform
8 7 (0.76%) SaaS
9 6 (0.65%) PaaS
10 5 (0.54%) Amazon EC2
11 3 (0.33%) Google Play
12 2 (0.22%) Cloud Computing
12 2 (0.22%) GitHub
12 2 (0.22%) IaaS
13 1 (0.11%) Dynamics 365
13 1 (0.11%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 33 (3.59%) HTTP
2 18 (1.96%) SMTP
3 15 (1.63%) Internet
4 10 (1.09%) DNS
4 10 (1.09%) IMAP
5 4 (0.43%) SMS
6 3 (0.33%) Intranet
7 2 (0.22%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.22%) WEP
8 1 (0.11%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.11%) MQTT
8 1 (0.11%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 533 (57.93%) SQL Server
2 76 (8.26%) Relational Database
3 71 (7.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 47 (5.11%) NoSQL
4 47 (5.11%) SQL Server 2008
5 46 (5.00%) SQL Server 2012
6 45 (4.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 40 (4.35%) Redis
8 22 (2.39%) Azure SQL Database
8 22 (2.39%) SQL Server 2014
9 20 (2.17%) DB2
9 20 (2.17%) RDBMS
10 16 (1.74%) Data Warehouse
11 15 (1.63%) SQL Server 2016
12 13 (1.41%) MongoDB
13 12 (1.30%) PostgreSQL
13 12 (1.30%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 10 (1.09%) Cosmos DB
15 9 (0.98%) Data Lake
15 9 (0.98%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 174 (18.91%) Visual Studio
2 153 (16.63%) Git (software)
3 120 (13.04%) Team Foundation Server
4 94 (10.22%) TeamCity
5 66 (7.17%) NUnit
6 52 (5.65%) Visual Studio Team System
7 48 (5.22%) Selenium
8 44 (4.78%) Octopus Deploy
9 36 (3.91%) SpecFlow
10 34 (3.70%) MSTest
11 31 (3.37%) Moq
12 30 (3.26%) JIRA
13 24 (2.61%) Jenkins
14 20 (2.17%) Subversion
15 18 (1.96%) Jasmine
16 14 (1.52%) XMLUnit
17 12 (1.30%) xUnit.net
18 10 (1.09%) Karma Test Runner
19 9 (0.98%) InstallShield
19 9 (0.98%) ReSharper
General
1 147 (15.98%) Finance
2 32 (3.48%) Front Office
3 31 (3.37%) Retail
4 27 (2.93%) Banking
5 13 (1.41%) Advertising
6 11 (1.20%) Financial Institution
6 11 (1.20%) Law
7 10 (1.09%) Legal
8 9 (0.98%) Marketing
9 8 (0.87%) Automotive
9 8 (0.87%) Telecoms
10 7 (0.76%) Back Office
11 5 (0.54%) Manufacturing
11 5 (0.54%) Music Industry
12 4 (0.43%) Investment Banking
13 3 (0.33%) French Language
14 2 (0.22%) Billing
14 2 (0.22%) Multimedia
14 2 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
15 1 (0.11%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 859 (93.37%) Developer
2 602 (65.43%) .NET Developer
3 344 (37.39%) C# Developer
4 230 (25.00%) C# .NET Developer
5 131 (14.24%) Full Stack Developer
6 114 (12.39%) ASP.NET Developer
7 103 (11.20%) Angular Developer
8 97 (10.54%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
9 87 (9.46%) SQL Developer
10 85 (9.24%) C# ASP.NET Developer
11 84 (9.13%) Senior Developer
12 67 (7.28%) Senior .NET Developer
13 43 (4.67%) Lead Developer
14 41 (4.46%) JavaScript Developer
15 35 (3.80%) Software Developer
16 31 (3.37%) Azure Developer
17 23 (2.50%) Lead .NET Developer
18 22 (2.39%) SQL Server Developer
19 21 (2.28%) React Developer
20 20 (2.17%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 867 (94.24%) .NET
2 857 (93.15%) .NET Framework
3 483 (52.50%) ASP.NET
4 414 (45.00%) ASP.NET Web API
5 375 (40.76%) AngularJS
6 317 (34.46%) HTML
7 290 (31.52%) ASP.NET MVC
8 289 (31.41%) CSS
9 214 (23.26%) jQuery
10 200 (21.74%) .NET Core
11 168 (18.26%) WCF
12 165 (17.93%) Web Services
13 122 (13.26%) LINQ
14 101 (10.98%) XML
15 100 (10.87%) HTML5
15 100 (10.87%) RESTful
16 94 (10.22%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 89 (9.67%) REST
18 74 (8.04%) WPF
19 72 (7.83%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 77 (8.37%) Greenfield Project
2 54 (5.87%) Analytical Skills
3 39 (4.24%) Fintech
4 32 (3.48%) Fixed Income
5 29 (3.15%) Enterprise Software
6 25 (2.72%) Self-Motivation
7 24 (2.61%) User Experience
8 23 (2.50%) Computer Science
9 16 (1.74%) Mobile App
10 12 (1.30%) Hedge funds
10 12 (1.30%) Reinsurance
11 9 (0.98%) Algorithms
11 9 (0.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 8 (0.87%) Clustering
12 8 (0.87%) Equities
12 8 (0.87%) W3C
13 6 (0.65%) Data Structures
13 6 (0.65%) N-Tier
14 5 (0.54%) NHS
15 4 (0.43%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 85 (9.24%) Windows
2 28 (3.04%) Windows Server
3 25 (2.72%) Android
3 25 (2.72%) Apple iOS
4 6 (0.65%) Windows Server 2012
5 2 (0.22%) Linux
6 1 (0.11%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 538 (58.48%) MVC
2 500 (54.35%) Agile Software Development
3 266 (28.91%) TDD
4 183 (19.89%) Scrum
5 145 (15.76%) Unit Testing
6 144 (15.65%) Continuous Integration
7 125 (13.59%) Problem-Solving
8 102 (11.09%) Test Automation
9 86 (9.35%) OO
10 78 (8.48%) E-Commerce
11 77 (8.37%) SOLID
12 74 (8.04%) Microservices
12 74 (8.04%) Web Development
13 73 (7.93%) BDD
14 69 (7.50%) SDLC
15 66 (7.17%) Dependency Injection
16 65 (7.07%) Software Engineering
17 64 (6.96%) SOA
18 58 (6.30%) DevOps
19 52 (5.65%) API Development
Programming Languages
1 830 (90.22%) C#
2 483 (52.50%) SQL
3 449 (48.80%) JavaScript
4 107 (11.63%) TypeScript
5 100 (10.87%) T-SQL
6 21 (2.28%) VB.NET
7 19 (2.07%) PowerShell
8 16 (1.74%) PL/SQL
9 15 (1.63%) XAML
10 11 (1.20%) Java
11 9 (0.98%) C
11 9 (0.98%) VBA
12 6 (0.65%) Apple Swift
12 6 (0.65%) Objective-C
12 6 (0.65%) Python
13 5 (0.54%) ActionScript
13 5 (0.54%) ActionScript 2.0
13 5 (0.54%) Scala
14 4 (0.43%) F#
14 4 (0.43%) VB
Qualifications
1 52 (5.65%) Degree
2 21 (2.28%) Security Cleared
3 17 (1.85%) SC Cleared
4 10 (1.09%) Microsoft Certification
5 7 (0.76%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.33%) CTC Cleared
7 3 (0.33%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.11%) MCTS
9 1 (0.11%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (1.96%) QA
2 6 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 6 (0.65%) SLA
3 2 (0.22%) GDPR
3 2 (0.22%) PMO
3 2 (0.22%) WCAG
4 1 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 58 (6.30%) Docker
2 9 (0.98%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.11%) Hyper-V
3 1 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
3 1 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
3 1 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 25 (2.72%) Kubernetes
2 12 (1.30%) Ansible
3 4 (0.43%) Opscode Chef
3 4 (0.43%) Puppet
4 3 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
5 2 (0.22%) Kibana
6 1 (0.11%) SCCM
6 1 (0.11%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 207 (22.50%) Microsoft
2 93 (10.11%) Oracle
3 30 (3.26%) Sitecore
4 21 (2.28%) Xamarin
5 20 (2.17%) Teradata
6 14 (1.52%) Google
7 9 (0.98%) Atlassian
8 8 (0.87%) Telerik
9 7 (0.76%) Sybase
9 7 (0.76%) VMware
10 5 (0.54%) Apple
10 5 (0.54%) SAP
11 4 (0.43%) Cadence
12 3 (0.33%) Bloomberg
12 3 (0.33%) DevExpress
12 3 (0.33%) Infragistics
12 3 (0.33%) Intapp
13 2 (0.22%) Facebook
13 2 (0.22%) Salesforce.com
13 2 (0.22%) Yahoo!