Period
to 23 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Entity Framework skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Entity Framework over the 6 months to 23 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microsoft ADO.NET Entity Framework
UK
6 months to
23 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 344 302 283
Rank change year-on-year -42 -19 +59
Contract jobs citing Entity Framework 703 780 919
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.69% 0.81% 0.85%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.17% 2.58% 2.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 565 550 672
UK median daily rate £388 £350 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.71% - -
10th Percentile £306 £268 £288
90th Percentile £575 £500 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £340 £338
% change year-on-year +2.94% +0.74% +3.85%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 12 20
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £31.14 £44.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -27.74% -29.83% +26.79%
10th Percentile £21.25 £13.04 £36.93
90th Percentile £23.75 £51.50 £69.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £23.78 £44.38
% change year-on-year -5.36% -46.42% +26.79%

Entity Framework is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,345 30,282 31,317
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.89% 31.55% 28.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,020 20,984 21,682
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 339 344 546
UK median hourly rate £40.31 £40.00 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.76% +3.90% +10.00%
10th Percentile £19.80 £15.58 £16.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.17 £56.77
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £39.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year +7.69% +0.65% +10.71%

Entity Framework
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Entity Framework as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Entity Framework.

Contractor daily rate trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework over the 6 months to 23 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework within the UK over the 6 months to 23 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -56 631 £390 +11.43% 427
UK excluding London -59 396 £350 +2.94% 361
London +46 299 £475 +11.76% 97
South East -22 113 £363 +3.57% 96
North of England -38 82 £340 +0.15% 101
South West +24 61 £375 +7.14% 33
Midlands -74 49 £320 -5.88% 76
Yorkshire -28 43 £325 -4.41% 36
North West -26 37 £350 +7.69% 52
Scotland -17 35 £375 +15.38% 22
West Midlands -47 32 £313 -8.09% 32
Wales +20 30 £420 +118.18% 7
East of England -35 26 £325 -7.14% 24
East Midlands -27 17 £330 +1.54% 44
North East +36 2 £338 -0.74% 13

For the 6 months to 23 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Entity Framework also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Entity Framework.

1 657 (93.46%) .NET
2 642 (91.32%) .NET Framework
3 614 (87.34%) C#
4 494 (70.27%) MVC
5 478 (67.99%) SQL Server
6 418 (59.46%) ASP.NET
7 349 (49.64%) JavaScript
8 335 (47.65%) Agile Software Development
9 316 (44.95%) SQL
10 276 (39.26%) ASP.NET MVC
11 271 (38.55%) HTML
12 268 (38.12%) ASP.NET Web API
13 251 (35.70%) CSS
14 250 (35.56%) AngularJS
15 228 (32.43%) TDD
16 223 (31.72%) Microsoft
17 216 (30.73%) jQuery
18 166 (23.61%) Finance
19 155 (22.05%) Microsoft Azure
20 152 (21.62%) WCF
21 135 (19.20%) Team Foundation Server
22 126 (17.92%) Continuous Integration
23 124 (17.64%) Unit Testing
24 118 (16.79%) Web Services
25 117 (16.64%) HTML5
26 107 (15.22%) Scrum
27 106 (15.08%) Visual Studio
28 104 (14.79%) Git (software)
29 101 (14.37%) LINQ
30 100 (14.22%) T-SQL

Entity Framework
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (4.55%) NServiceBus
2 23 (3.27%) IIS
3 22 (3.13%) CMS
3 22 (3.13%) Elasticsearch
4 15 (2.13%) SharePoint
5 9 (1.28%) Confluence
5 9 (1.28%) Umbraco
6 7 (1.00%) BizTalk Server
7 6 (0.85%) Kentico
8 5 (0.71%) SharePoint 2013
9 4 (0.57%) Apache
9 4 (0.57%) Sitecore CMS
10 2 (0.28%) MQSeries
10 2 (0.28%) nginx
11 1 (0.14%) DataSynapse
11 1 (0.14%) EPiServer
11 1 (0.14%) MS Exchange
11 1 (0.14%) SharePoint 2010
11 1 (0.14%) SharePoint Server
11 1 (0.14%) Sonic ESB
Applications
1 13 (1.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 13 (1.85%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.28%) Endur
3 1 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 155 (22.05%) Microsoft Azure
2 35 (4.98%) Amazon AWS
3 13 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
4 11 (1.56%) PaaS
5 10 (1.42%) Google Cloud Platform
6 8 (1.14%) IaaS
6 8 (1.14%) Office 365
7 6 (0.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 6 (0.85%) Dynamics 365
8 4 (0.57%) Azure Active Directory
8 4 (0.57%) npm
9 3 (0.43%) SaaS
10 2 (0.28%) AWS CloudFormation
10 2 (0.28%) Serverless
11 1 (0.14%) Akamai
Communications & Networking
1 9 (1.28%) Internet
2 8 (1.14%) Intranet
3 5 (0.71%) DNS
3 5 (0.71%) PPP
4 4 (0.57%) IMAP
4 4 (0.57%) SMTP
5 3 (0.43%) Extranet
5 3 (0.43%) SMS
6 2 (0.28%) AMQP
6 2 (0.28%) CTI
6 2 (0.28%) HTTP
6 2 (0.28%) Skype
6 2 (0.28%) WEP
7 1 (0.14%) 4G
7 1 (0.14%) 5G
7 1 (0.14%) SAN
7 1 (0.14%) SSL
7 1 (0.14%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.14%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 478 (67.99%) SQL Server
2 67 (9.53%) Relational Database
3 55 (7.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 51 (7.25%) SQL Server 2008
5 46 (6.54%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 32 (4.55%) RDBMS
7 26 (3.70%) SQL Server 2012
8 25 (3.56%) Data Warehouse
9 22 (3.13%) NoSQL
9 22 (3.13%) SQL Server 2005
10 20 (2.84%) SQL Server 2016
11 15 (2.13%) SQL Server 2014
12 12 (1.71%) Azure SQL Database
12 12 (1.71%) Redis
13 11 (1.56%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 10 (1.42%) MySQL
15 9 (1.28%) MongoDB
15 9 (1.28%) Oracle Database
16 6 (0.85%) Oracle Database 12c
17 4 (0.57%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 135 (19.20%) Team Foundation Server
2 106 (15.08%) Visual Studio
3 104 (14.79%) Git (software)
4 78 (11.10%) NUnit
5 71 (10.10%) TeamCity
6 41 (5.83%) Selenium
7 36 (5.12%) MSTest
8 34 (4.84%) JIRA
9 29 (4.13%) Subversion
10 28 (3.98%) Visual Studio Team System
11 24 (3.41%) Jenkins
12 23 (3.27%) Moq
12 23 (3.27%) Octopus Deploy
13 22 (3.13%) SpecFlow
14 19 (2.70%) FitNesse
15 17 (2.42%) ReSharper
16 16 (2.28%) Jasmine
17 11 (1.56%) Bitbucket
18 9 (1.28%) Grunt
19 6 (0.85%) NuGet
General
1 166 (23.61%) Finance
2 73 (10.38%) Banking
3 35 (4.98%) Back Office
4 26 (3.70%) Front Office
5 19 (2.70%) Investment Banking
6 14 (1.99%) Retail
7 9 (1.28%) Manufacturing
7 9 (1.28%) Marketing
8 8 (1.14%) Legal
9 7 (1.00%) Advertising
9 7 (1.00%) Games
10 6 (0.85%) Financial Institution
11 4 (0.57%) Law
12 2 (0.28%) Electronics
12 2 (0.28%) Telecoms
13 1 (0.14%) Automotive
13 1 (0.14%) French Language
13 1 (0.14%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 633 (90.04%) Developer
2 385 (54.77%) .NET Developer
3 284 (40.40%) C# Developer
4 164 (23.33%) C# .NET Developer
5 108 (15.36%) Full Stack Developer
6 103 (14.65%) SQL Developer
7 84 (11.95%) ASP.NET Developer
8 71 (10.10%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
9 66 (9.39%) Senior Developer
10 62 (8.82%) C# ASP.NET Developer
11 49 (6.97%) Angular Developer
12 47 (6.69%) Software Developer
13 44 (6.26%) Agile Developer
14 43 (6.12%) Senior .NET Developer
15 42 (5.97%) Agile C# Developer
16 40 (5.69%) Web Developer
17 38 (5.41%) Senior C# Developer
18 30 (4.27%) SSIS Developer
19 27 (3.84%) SQL Server Developer
20 26 (3.70%) .NET Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 657 (93.46%) .NET
2 642 (91.32%) .NET Framework
3 418 (59.46%) ASP.NET
4 276 (39.26%) ASP.NET MVC
5 271 (38.55%) HTML
6 268 (38.12%) ASP.NET Web API
7 251 (35.70%) CSS
8 250 (35.56%) AngularJS
9 216 (30.73%) jQuery
10 152 (21.62%) WCF
11 118 (16.79%) Web Services
12 117 (16.64%) HTML5
13 101 (14.37%) LINQ
14 77 (10.95%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 72 (10.24%) WPF
16 68 (9.67%) KnockoutJS
17 64 (9.10%) RESTful
18 63 (8.96%) NHibernate
19 60 (8.53%) CSS3
20 59 (8.39%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 71 (10.10%) Greenfield Project
2 31 (4.41%) Fintech
3 30 (4.27%) N-Tier
4 25 (3.56%) User Experience
5 21 (2.99%) Enterprise Software
5 21 (2.99%) Hedge funds
6 18 (2.56%) Algorithms
6 18 (2.56%) Fixed Income
7 14 (1.99%) Computer Science
8 12 (1.71%) Mobile App
9 10 (1.42%) Derivative
9 10 (1.42%) W3C
10 9 (1.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 8 (1.14%) Data Structures
12 7 (1.00%) Analytical Skills
13 6 (0.85%) Equities
13 6 (0.85%) Tandem
14 5 (0.71%) Client/Server
15 4 (0.57%) NHS
16 3 (0.43%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 71 (10.10%) Windows
2 20 (2.84%) Windows Server
3 11 (1.56%) Android
3 11 (1.56%) Apple iOS
4 10 (1.42%) Unix
5 9 (1.28%) Nucleus RTOS
6 6 (0.85%) Windows Phone
7 5 (0.71%) Linux
8 1 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 494 (70.27%) MVC
2 335 (47.65%) Agile Software Development
3 228 (32.43%) TDD
4 126 (17.92%) Continuous Integration
5 124 (17.64%) Unit Testing
6 107 (15.22%) Scrum
7 96 (13.66%) Web Development
8 84 (11.95%) BDD
9 82 (11.66%) SOLID
10 60 (8.53%) OO
10 60 (8.53%) Test Automation
11 59 (8.39%) OOP
12 55 (7.82%) SOA
13 53 (7.54%) Microservices
14 51 (7.25%) Software Engineering
15 44 (6.26%) SDLC
16 43 (6.12%) MVVM
17 40 (5.69%) Dependency Injection
18 39 (5.55%) Mentoring
19 37 (5.26%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 614 (87.34%) C#
2 349 (49.64%) JavaScript
3 316 (44.95%) SQL
4 100 (14.22%) T-SQL
5 35 (4.98%) VB.NET
6 32 (4.55%) PowerShell
6 32 (4.55%) TypeScript
7 17 (2.42%) Java
8 16 (2.28%) C++
8 16 (2.28%) PL/SQL
9 14 (1.99%) C
10 13 (1.85%) VBA
11 9 (1.28%) PHP
12 7 (1.00%) Ruby
13 6 (0.85%) Bash Shell
13 6 (0.85%) ES6
13 6 (0.85%) Python
13 6 (0.85%) Shell Script
14 4 (0.57%) Perl
14 4 (0.57%) XAML
Qualifications
1 36 (5.12%) Degree
2 19 (2.70%) Security Cleared
3 11 (1.56%) Computer Science Degree
4 8 (1.14%) BPSS Clearance
5 7 (1.00%) Microsoft Certification
6 6 (0.85%) MCSD
7 5 (0.71%) SC Cleared
8 3 (0.43%) MCTS
9 2 (0.28%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.28%) MCAD
9 2 (0.28%) PhD
10 1 (0.14%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.14%) GNVQ
10 1 (0.14%) HND
10 1 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
10 1 (0.14%) NVQ Level 4
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (3.56%) QA
2 19 (2.70%) MiFID
3 6 (0.85%) GCP
4 5 (0.71%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (0.57%) WCAG
6 2 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.28%) SLA
7 1 (0.14%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.14%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.14%) PMO
7 1 (0.14%) PSD2
System Software
1 14 (1.99%) Docker
2 6 (0.85%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.57%) Hyper-V
3 4 (0.57%) Microsoft App-V
3 4 (0.57%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 8 (1.14%) Control-M
2 6 (0.85%) Grafana
2 6 (0.85%) Prometheus
3 4 (0.57%) SCCM
3 4 (0.57%) vCenter Server
4 3 (0.43%) Ansible
4 3 (0.43%) Kubernetes
4 3 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
5 2 (0.28%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
5 2 (0.28%) Terraform
6 1 (0.14%) Failover Clustering
6 1 (0.14%) Puppet
6 1 (0.14%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 223 (31.72%) Microsoft
2 51 (7.25%) Oracle
3 13 (1.85%) Telerik
3 13 (1.85%) Xamarin
4 6 (0.85%) Embarcadero
4 6 (0.85%) Google
4 6 (0.85%) Splunk
5 5 (0.71%) Capita
5 5 (0.71%) IBM
5 5 (0.71%) Sitecore
6 4 (0.57%) Sybase
6 4 (0.57%) VMware
7 3 (0.43%) DevExpress
8 2 (0.28%) Atlassian
8 2 (0.28%) Avaya
8 2 (0.28%) Blue Prism
8 2 (0.28%) Informatica
8 2 (0.28%) OpenLink
8 2 (0.28%) RedGate
8 2 (0.28%) SAP