Period
to 19 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Entity Framework skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Entity Framework over the 6 months to 19 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microsoft ADO.NET Entity Framework
UK
6 months to
19 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 336 350 339
Rank change year-on-year +14 -11 -4
Contract jobs citing Entity Framework 715 729 796
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.72% 0.68% 0.70%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.26% 2.31% 2.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 562 548 573
UK median daily rate £375 £350 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.14% - -6.67%
10th Percentile £300 £288 £275
90th Percentile £538 £500 £518
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £340 £335
% change year-on-year +2.94% +1.49% +3.08%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 11 12
UK median hourly rate £41.25 £24.00 £52.17
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +71.88% -54.00% +49.06%
10th Percentile £21.87 £21.93 £20.82
90th Percentile £57.50 £42.50 £56.53
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.88 £24.00 £56.53
% change year-on-year +41.15% -57.54% +61.51%

Entity Framework is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31674 31512 31576
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.09% 29.44% 27.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 21957 22072 21378
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £310 £295 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 394 379 506
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £36.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -4.00% +8.70%
10th Percentile £16.00 £13.00 £15.02
90th Percentile £53.53 £50.00 £53.13
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £36.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +11.11% -4.00% +15.38%

Entity Framework
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Entity Framework as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Entity Framework.

Contractor daily rate trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework over the 6 months to 19 September 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework over the 6 months to 19 September 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework within the UK over the 6 months to 19 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +12 629 £375 +7.14% 191
UK excluding London +24 484 £350 +2.94% 168
London +20 226 £470 +10.59% 34
South East -1 137 £350 - 44
North of England +15 88 £349 +2.65% 50
South West +14 71 £350 +7.69% 20
Midlands +12 71 £323 -0.77% 30
North West +11 51 £375 +7.14% 26
Scotland +39 47 £393 +12.14% 6
East Midlands -1 37 £320 -1.54% 18
Wales +31 35 £375 +17.19% 3
East of England -5 35 £350 - 13
West Midlands +19 34 £325 -1.52% 11
Yorkshire -15 32 £340 - 21
North East +65 5 £325 -7.14% 3

For the 6 months to 19 September 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Entity Framework also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Entity Framework.

1 649 (90.77%) .NET
2 632 (88.39%) .NET Framework
3 623 (87.13%) C#
4 518 (72.45%) MVC
5 427 (59.72%) SQL Server
6 408 (57.06%) ASP.NET
7 364 (50.91%) JavaScript
8 353 (49.37%) SQL
9 322 (45.03%) Agile Software Development
10 270 (37.76%) AngularJS
11 267 (37.34%) ASP.NET MVC
12 248 (34.69%) HTML
13 240 (33.57%) ASP.NET Web API
14 229 (32.03%) CSS
15 224 (31.33%) Microsoft
16 220 (30.77%) TDD
17 192 (26.85%) jQuery
18 191 (26.71%) Team Foundation Server
19 178 (24.90%) Web Services
20 168 (23.50%) WCF
21 136 (19.02%) LINQ
22 127 (17.76%) Finance
23 115 (16.08%) Microsoft Azure
24 114 (15.94%) Unit Testing
25 109 (15.24%) Scrum
26 108 (15.10%) Visual Studio
27 103 (14.41%) T-SQL
28 99 (13.85%) Git (software)
28 99 (13.85%) Twitter Bootstrap
29 93 (13.01%) HTML5

Entity Framework
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (5.87%) CMS
2 41 (5.73%) IIS
3 34 (4.76%) SharePoint
4 23 (3.22%) NServiceBus
5 20 (2.80%) EPiServer
6 15 (2.10%) BizTalk Server
7 12 (1.68%) SharePoint 2013
8 8 (1.12%) Umbraco
9 7 (0.98%) Kentico
10 6 (0.84%) Elasticsearch
11 5 (0.70%) Confluence
12 4 (0.56%) Sitefinity
13 3 (0.42%) Sitecore CMS
14 2 (0.28%) MS Exchange
14 2 (0.28%) Skype for Business
15 1 (0.14%) Oracle Workflow
15 1 (0.14%) SAS
15 1 (0.14%) SharePoint 2010
15 1 (0.14%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 8 (1.12%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.70%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.14%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 26 (3.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.42%) Endur
3 1 (0.14%) Sage CRM
3 1 (0.14%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 115 (16.08%) Microsoft Azure
2 27 (3.78%) Amazon AWS
3 18 (2.52%) npm
4 13 (1.82%) Yarn
5 12 (1.68%) PaaS
6 11 (1.54%) IaaS
7 9 (1.26%) SaaS
8 5 (0.70%) Office 365
9 4 (0.56%) Dynamics 365
10 3 (0.42%) Amazon S3
10 3 (0.42%) GitHub
11 2 (0.28%) Amazon EC2
11 2 (0.28%) Amazon SQS
11 2 (0.28%) AWS Lambda
11 2 (0.28%) Azure Active Directory
11 2 (0.28%) Cloud Computing
11 2 (0.28%) Route 53
12 1 (0.14%) Azure Machine Learning
12 1 (0.14%) G Suite
12 1 (0.14%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.40%) Internet
1 10 (1.40%) LDAP
2 7 (0.98%) DNS
2 7 (0.98%) Intranet
3 5 (0.70%) IMAP
3 5 (0.70%) SMTP
4 3 (0.42%) Kerberos
5 2 (0.28%) CTI
5 2 (0.28%) Skype
5 2 (0.28%) Wireshark
6 1 (0.14%) FTP
6 1 (0.14%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 427 (59.72%) SQL Server
2 74 (10.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 62 (8.67%) Relational Database
4 48 (6.71%) SQL Server 2012
5 44 (6.15%) Data Warehouse
6 43 (6.01%) SQL Server 2008
7 41 (5.73%) RDBMS
8 40 (5.59%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 26 (3.64%) SQL Server 2016
10 23 (3.22%) SQL Server 2014
11 21 (2.94%) Oracle Database
12 18 (2.52%) NoSQL
13 17 (2.38%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 16 (2.24%) Oracle Database 11g
14 16 (2.24%) Oracle9i Database
15 12 (1.68%) Redis
16 9 (1.26%) MongoDB
17 8 (1.12%) Azure SQL Database
18 5 (0.70%) GIS
18 5 (0.70%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 191 (26.71%) Team Foundation Server
2 108 (15.10%) Visual Studio
3 99 (13.85%) Git (software)
4 61 (8.53%) NUnit
5 51 (7.13%) MSTest
6 43 (6.01%) TeamCity
7 36 (5.03%) Moq
8 34 (4.76%) Subversion
9 32 (4.48%) Octopus Deploy
10 30 (4.20%) Jenkins
11 22 (3.08%) SpecFlow
12 21 (2.94%) JIRA
13 20 (2.80%) gulp
14 18 (2.52%) MSBuild
14 18 (2.52%) Oracle Forms
15 17 (2.38%) webpack
16 15 (2.10%) Karma Test Runner
16 15 (2.10%) Protractor
16 15 (2.10%) Visual Studio Team System
17 14 (1.96%) Selenium
General
1 127 (17.76%) Finance
2 39 (5.45%) Banking
3 17 (2.38%) Financial Institution
4 13 (1.82%) Front Office
5 11 (1.54%) Manufacturing
6 10 (1.40%) Investment Banking
7 9 (1.26%) Retail
8 8 (1.12%) Marketing
9 7 (0.98%) Games
10 6 (0.84%) Back Office
10 6 (0.84%) Private Banking
11 5 (0.70%) Advertising
12 4 (0.56%) Telecoms
13 3 (0.42%) Automotive
13 3 (0.42%) German Language
13 3 (0.42%) Interactive Media
13 3 (0.42%) Legal
13 3 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (0.28%) Electronics
14 2 (0.28%) Law
Job Titles
1 642 (89.79%) Developer
2 362 (50.63%) .NET Developer
3 272 (38.04%) C# Developer
4 153 (21.40%) C# .NET Developer
5 106 (14.83%) ASP.NET Developer
6 96 (13.43%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
7 77 (10.77%) Senior Developer
8 76 (10.63%) C# ASP.NET Developer
8 76 (10.63%) SQL Developer
9 65 (9.09%) Full Stack Developer
10 48 (6.71%) Senior .NET Developer
11 46 (6.43%) Software Developer
12 38 (5.31%) Web Developer
13 32 (4.48%) Angular Developer
14 31 (4.34%) Senior C# Developer
15 26 (3.64%) Architect
15 26 (3.64%) UI Developer
16 22 (3.08%) JavaScript Developer
17 21 (2.94%) Senior C# .NET Developer
17 21 (2.94%) WPF Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 649 (90.77%) .NET
2 632 (88.39%) .NET Framework
3 408 (57.06%) ASP.NET
4 270 (37.76%) AngularJS
5 267 (37.34%) ASP.NET MVC
6 248 (34.69%) HTML
7 240 (33.57%) ASP.NET Web API
8 229 (32.03%) CSS
9 192 (26.85%) jQuery
10 178 (24.90%) Web Services
11 168 (23.50%) WCF
12 136 (19.02%) LINQ
13 99 (13.85%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 93 (13.01%) HTML5
15 81 (11.33%) XML
16 78 (10.91%) REST
17 74 (10.35%) RESTful
18 58 (8.11%) JSON
19 57 (7.97%) SOAP
20 56 (7.83%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 62 (8.67%) Greenfield Project
2 37 (5.17%) Algorithms
3 25 (3.50%) Analytical Skills
4 22 (3.08%) NHS
5 20 (2.80%) User Experience
6 18 (2.52%) Derivative
7 16 (2.24%) Mobile App
8 14 (1.96%) Computer Science
8 14 (1.96%) N-Tier
9 12 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
10 11 (1.54%) Fixed Income
11 10 (1.40%) Equities
12 8 (1.12%) W3C
13 7 (0.98%) iPad
14 4 (0.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 4 (0.56%) Tandem
15 3 (0.42%) Fintech
15 3 (0.42%) Public Cloud
16 2 (0.28%) Contactless
16 2 (0.28%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 93 (13.01%) Windows
2 25 (3.50%) Windows Server
3 9 (1.26%) Apple iOS
4 7 (0.98%) Unix
5 3 (0.42%) Android
6 2 (0.28%) Linux
6 2 (0.28%) Windows Server 2003
7 1 (0.14%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.14%) Windows 2000 Server
7 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 518 (72.45%) MVC
2 322 (45.03%) Agile Software Development
3 220 (30.77%) TDD
4 114 (15.94%) Unit Testing
5 109 (15.24%) Scrum
6 87 (12.17%) SOLID
7 86 (12.03%) Web Development
8 79 (11.05%) Continuous Integration
9 67 (9.37%) OOP
10 63 (8.81%) BDD
11 60 (8.39%) OO
12 57 (7.97%) SDLC
13 51 (7.13%) Test Automation
14 49 (6.85%) Dependency Injection
14 49 (6.85%) MVVM
15 46 (6.43%) Migration
16 40 (5.59%) Software Engineering
17 37 (5.17%) SOA
18 36 (5.03%) Multithreading
19 33 (4.62%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 623 (87.13%) C#
2 364 (50.91%) JavaScript
3 353 (49.37%) SQL
4 103 (14.41%) T-SQL
5 52 (7.27%) TypeScript
6 43 (6.01%) PowerShell
7 22 (3.08%) PL/SQL
8 17 (2.38%) VB.NET
9 12 (1.68%) Shell Script
10 11 (1.54%) VB
11 10 (1.40%) C++
12 8 (1.12%) XAML
13 7 (0.98%) C
13 7 (0.98%) F#
13 7 (0.98%) VBA
14 5 (0.70%) ES6
15 4 (0.56%) VB6
16 3 (0.42%) ECMAScript
16 3 (0.42%) R
16 3 (0.42%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 31 (4.34%) Degree
2 19 (2.66%) Security Cleared
3 10 (1.40%) SC Cleared
4 9 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
4 9 (1.26%) Microsoft Certification
5 5 (0.70%) MCTS
6 4 (0.56%) BPSS Clearance
6 4 (0.56%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.28%) CTC Cleared
7 2 (0.28%) MCSD
8 1 (0.14%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.14%) HNC
8 1 (0.14%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 1 (0.14%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (3.08%) QA
2 6 (0.84%) MiFID
3 4 (0.56%) Data Quality
3 4 (0.56%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.14%) IFRS
4 1 (0.14%) ISO 9001
4 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.14%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.14%) SLA
System Software
1 25 (3.50%) Active Directory
2 12 (1.68%) Docker
3 2 (0.28%) Virtual Desktop
4 1 (0.14%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 12 (1.68%) Control-M
2 11 (1.54%) SCOrch
3 6 (0.84%) Kubernetes
4 1 (0.14%) HP Fortify
4 1 (0.14%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.14%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 224 (31.33%) Microsoft
2 44 (6.15%) Oracle
3 12 (1.68%) DevExpress
4 10 (1.40%) Telerik
4 10 (1.40%) Xamarin
5 8 (1.12%) Sitecore
6 6 (0.84%) Atlassian
7 4 (0.56%) ESRI
7 4 (0.56%) HP
8 3 (0.42%) Google
8 3 (0.42%) OpenLink
8 3 (0.42%) RedGate
8 3 (0.42%) SAP
8 3 (0.42%) Syncfusion
8 3 (0.42%) Twitter
9 2 (0.28%) Blue Prism
9 2 (0.28%) Tableau
10 1 (0.14%) Avaya
10 1 (0.14%) Facebook
10 1 (0.14%) Informatica