Period
to 20 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Entity Framework skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Entity Framework over the 6 months to 20 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microsoft ADO.NET Entity Framework
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 343 322 306
Rank change year-on-year -21 -16 +45
Contract jobs citing Entity Framework 714 773 874
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.70% 0.74% 0.76%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.18% 2.45% 2.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 570 553 638
UK median daily rate £375 £350 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.14% - -
10th Percentile £300 £275 £281
90th Percentile £544 £488 £506
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £340 £335
% change year-on-year +2.94% +1.49% +3.08%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 12 12
UK median hourly rate £33.88 £31.25 £52.72
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.40% -40.72% +50.62%
10th Percentile £21.68 £22.00 £36.69
90th Percentile £42.50 £43.63 £56.53
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.88 £31.25 £53.27
% change year-on-year +8.40% -41.33% +52.19%

Entity Framework is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32796 31564 32386
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.07% 30.35% 28.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 23154 21883 22196
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 380 362 558
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +8.70%
10th Percentile £18.45 £14.35 £15.03
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.80 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £37.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +10.81% -1.33% +11.48%

Entity Framework
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Entity Framework as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Entity Framework.

Contractor daily rate trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -24 664 £375 +7.14% 250
UK excluding London -21 436 £350 +2.94% 214
London +44 273 £470 +10.59% 52
South East -2 132 £350 - 46
North of England -32 82 £340 -2.02% 69
South West +25 73 £363 +11.54% 27
Midlands -16 71 £325 - 43
North West -6 52 £350 - 37
West Midlands -6 36 £325 -4.41% 13
East Midlands +1 35 £320 -1.54% 27
East of England -25 32 £331 -5.36% 13
Yorkshire -45 29 £340 - 27
Wales +32 23 £375 +17.19% 5
Scotland -24 23 £380 +16.92% 10
North East +53 1 £275 -20.29% 5

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Entity Framework also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Entity Framework.

1 662 (92.72%) .NET
2 642 (89.92%) .NET Framework
3 610 (85.43%) C#
4 505 (70.73%) MVC
5 463 (64.85%) SQL Server
6 418 (58.54%) ASP.NET
7 377 (52.80%) JavaScript
8 361 (50.56%) Agile Software Development
9 335 (46.92%) SQL
10 304 (42.58%) ASP.NET MVC
11 271 (37.96%) HTML
12 255 (35.71%) ASP.NET Web API
13 250 (35.01%) AngularJS
14 249 (34.87%) CSS
15 245 (34.31%) TDD
16 220 (30.81%) Microsoft
17 196 (27.45%) jQuery
18 174 (24.37%) WCF
19 151 (21.15%) Web Services
20 145 (20.31%) Team Foundation Server
21 126 (17.65%) Finance
22 125 (17.51%) Microsoft Azure
23 116 (16.25%) LINQ
24 111 (15.55%) HTML5
25 110 (15.41%) Unit Testing
26 108 (15.13%) Scrum
27 103 (14.43%) Continuous Integration
28 101 (14.15%) Web Development
28 101 (14.15%) T-SQL
29 100 (14.01%) Visual Studio

Entity Framework
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (5.88%) CMS
2 36 (5.04%) IIS
3 34 (4.76%) NServiceBus
4 30 (4.20%) SharePoint
5 11 (1.54%) BizTalk Server
5 11 (1.54%) Confluence
6 9 (1.26%) Umbraco
7 8 (1.12%) Elasticsearch
7 8 (1.12%) SharePoint 2013
8 7 (0.98%) Kentico
9 4 (0.56%) Sitecore CMS
9 4 (0.56%) Sitefinity
10 2 (0.28%) MS Exchange
10 2 (0.28%) SharePoint 2010
11 1 (0.14%) EPiServer
11 1 (0.14%) MQSeries
11 1 (0.14%) SAS
11 1 (0.14%) SharePoint Server
11 1 (0.14%) WebSphere
Applications
1 14 (1.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.70%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 32 (4.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.56%) Endur
3 1 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.14%) Sage CRM
Cloud Services
1 125 (17.51%) Microsoft Azure
2 28 (3.92%) Amazon AWS
3 17 (2.38%) npm
4 14 (1.96%) PaaS
5 12 (1.68%) Yarn
6 10 (1.40%) Dynamics 365
6 10 (1.40%) IaaS
7 9 (1.26%) Office 365
7 9 (1.26%) SaaS
8 5 (0.70%) Azure Active Directory
8 5 (0.70%) Cloud Computing
9 4 (0.56%) Serverless
10 3 (0.42%) Google Cloud Platform
11 2 (0.28%) Amazon S3
12 1 (0.14%) Akamai
12 1 (0.14%) Amazon EC2
12 1 (0.14%) Amazon SQS
12 1 (0.14%) G Suite
12 1 (0.14%) GitHub
12 1 (0.14%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 12 (1.68%) Internet
2 9 (1.26%) Intranet
3 8 (1.12%) LDAP
4 5 (0.70%) DNS
5 4 (0.56%) IMAP
5 4 (0.56%) PPP
5 4 (0.56%) SMTP
6 3 (0.42%) CTI
6 3 (0.42%) Extranet
6 3 (0.42%) SMS
7 2 (0.28%) Skype
7 2 (0.28%) Wireshark
8 1 (0.14%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.14%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 463 (64.85%) SQL Server
2 76 (10.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 56 (7.84%) Relational Database
4 46 (6.44%) SQL Server 2008
5 40 (5.60%) SQL Server 2012
5 40 (5.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 37 (5.18%) Data Warehouse
7 28 (3.92%) RDBMS
8 20 (2.80%) SQL Server 2014
9 19 (2.66%) NoSQL
10 18 (2.52%) Redis
10 18 (2.52%) SQL Server 2016
11 14 (1.96%) Azure SQL Database
12 12 (1.68%) SQL Server 2005
12 12 (1.68%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 11 (1.54%) Oracle Database
14 9 (1.26%) MongoDB
15 6 (0.84%) MySQL
16 5 (0.70%) Oracle Database 11g
16 5 (0.70%) Oracle9i Database
Development Applications
1 145 (20.31%) Team Foundation Server
2 100 (14.01%) Visual Studio
3 97 (13.59%) Git (software)
4 66 (9.24%) NUnit
5 52 (7.28%) MSTest
6 46 (6.44%) TeamCity
7 38 (5.32%) Subversion
8 31 (4.34%) JIRA
9 27 (3.78%) Jenkins
10 26 (3.64%) Visual Studio Team System
11 25 (3.50%) Moq
12 23 (3.22%) SpecFlow
13 19 (2.66%) webpack
14 18 (2.52%) Selenium
15 15 (2.10%) Karma Test Runner
16 14 (1.96%) Protractor
16 14 (1.96%) ReSharper
17 13 (1.82%) Octopus Deploy
18 12 (1.68%) FitNesse
18 12 (1.68%) Grunt
General
1 126 (17.65%) Finance
2 60 (8.40%) Banking
3 26 (3.64%) Front Office
4 18 (2.52%) Back Office
5 16 (2.24%) Investment Banking
6 10 (1.40%) Manufacturing
7 9 (1.26%) Advertising
7 9 (1.26%) Retail
8 8 (1.12%) Financial Institution
8 8 (1.12%) Games
9 6 (0.84%) Private Banking
10 5 (0.70%) Marketing
11 4 (0.56%) Telecoms
12 3 (0.42%) German Language
12 3 (0.42%) Interactive Media
13 2 (0.28%) Automotive
13 2 (0.28%) Electronics
13 2 (0.28%) Law
13 2 (0.28%) Legal
14 1 (0.14%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 650 (91.04%) Developer
2 363 (50.84%) .NET Developer
3 282 (39.50%) C# Developer
4 154 (21.57%) C# .NET Developer
5 95 (13.31%) ASP.NET Developer
6 93 (13.03%) Full Stack Developer
7 90 (12.61%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
8 88 (12.32%) SQL Developer
9 74 (10.36%) C# ASP.NET Developer
10 68 (9.52%) Senior Developer
11 52 (7.28%) Web Developer
12 46 (6.44%) Senior .NET Developer
13 40 (5.60%) Senior C# Developer
14 38 (5.32%) Software Developer
15 37 (5.18%) Angular Developer
16 30 (4.20%) .NET Web Developer
16 30 (4.20%) SSIS Developer
17 29 (4.06%) Senior C# .NET Developer
18 27 (3.78%) JavaScript Developer
19 22 (3.08%) Microsoft Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 662 (92.72%) .NET
2 642 (89.92%) .NET Framework
3 418 (58.54%) ASP.NET
4 304 (42.58%) ASP.NET MVC
5 271 (37.96%) HTML
6 255 (35.71%) ASP.NET Web API
7 250 (35.01%) AngularJS
8 249 (34.87%) CSS
9 196 (27.45%) jQuery
10 174 (24.37%) WCF
11 151 (21.15%) Web Services
12 116 (16.25%) LINQ
13 111 (15.55%) HTML5
14 89 (12.46%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 80 (11.20%) RESTful
16 78 (10.92%) REST
17 77 (10.78%) XML
18 65 (9.10%) KnockoutJS
18 65 (9.10%) NHibernate
19 62 (8.68%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 67 (9.38%) Greenfield Project
2 30 (4.20%) User Experience
3 29 (4.06%) N-Tier
4 26 (3.64%) Algorithms
5 19 (2.66%) Derivative
5 19 (2.66%) Mobile App
6 18 (2.52%) Analytical Skills
6 18 (2.52%) Enterprise Software
7 17 (2.38%) Fixed Income
8 15 (2.10%) Equities
9 14 (1.96%) Hedge funds
10 13 (1.82%) Computer Science
10 13 (1.82%) Fintech
11 10 (1.40%) NHS
12 9 (1.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 8 (1.12%) W3C
14 7 (0.98%) iPad
15 4 (0.56%) Tandem
16 3 (0.42%) Blog
16 3 (0.42%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 70 (9.80%) Windows
2 23 (3.22%) Windows Server
3 12 (1.68%) Apple iOS
4 10 (1.40%) Unix
5 6 (0.84%) Android
6 2 (0.28%) Linux
6 2 (0.28%) Nucleus RTOS
7 1 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.14%) Windows Phone
7 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 505 (70.73%) MVC
2 361 (50.56%) Agile Software Development
3 245 (34.31%) TDD
4 110 (15.41%) Unit Testing
5 108 (15.13%) Scrum
6 103 (14.43%) Continuous Integration
7 101 (14.15%) Web Development
8 94 (13.17%) SOLID
9 78 (10.92%) BDD
10 62 (8.68%) OOP
11 57 (7.98%) Dependency Injection
11 57 (7.98%) OO
11 57 (7.98%) Test Automation
12 52 (7.28%) SOA
13 51 (7.14%) SDLC
14 45 (6.30%) Software Engineering
15 43 (6.02%) MVVM
16 38 (5.32%) CRM
17 34 (4.76%) Asset Management
18 31 (4.34%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 610 (85.43%) C#
2 377 (52.80%) JavaScript
3 335 (46.92%) SQL
4 101 (14.15%) T-SQL
5 47 (6.58%) PowerShell
6 39 (5.46%) TypeScript
7 28 (3.92%) VB.NET
8 15 (2.10%) VBA
9 12 (1.68%) PL/SQL
10 11 (1.54%) C++
10 11 (1.54%) Shell Script
11 10 (1.40%) C
12 9 (1.26%) XAML
13 8 (1.12%) ES6
13 8 (1.12%) Ruby
14 7 (0.98%) Java
15 6 (0.84%) PHP
15 6 (0.84%) VB
16 4 (0.56%) ECMAScript
16 4 (0.56%) VB6
Qualifications
1 34 (4.76%) Degree
2 16 (2.24%) Security Cleared
3 7 (0.98%) Computer Science Degree
3 7 (0.98%) SC Cleared
4 5 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
4 5 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
5 4 (0.56%) Master's Degree
5 4 (0.56%) MCSD
6 2 (0.28%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.14%) NVQ Level 4
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (3.50%) QA
2 14 (1.96%) MiFID
3 4 (0.56%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.28%) SLA
5 1 (0.14%) IFRS
5 1 (0.14%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.14%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.14%) PSD2
5 1 (0.14%) WCAG
System Software
1 23 (3.22%) Active Directory
2 11 (1.54%) Docker
Systems Management
1 13 (1.82%) Control-M
2 8 (1.12%) SCOrch
3 7 (0.98%) Kubernetes
4 2 (0.28%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
5 1 (0.14%) Ansible
5 1 (0.14%) Puppet
Vendors
1 220 (30.81%) Microsoft
2 46 (6.44%) Oracle
3 16 (2.24%) Xamarin
4 8 (1.12%) DevExpress
5 7 (0.98%) Atlassian
5 7 (0.98%) Sitecore
5 7 (0.98%) Telerik
6 5 (0.70%) Google
7 4 (0.56%) Capita
7 4 (0.56%) ESRI
7 4 (0.56%) OpenLink
7 4 (0.56%) Sybase
8 2 (0.28%) Avaya
8 2 (0.28%) Blue Prism
8 2 (0.28%) HP
8 2 (0.28%) IBM
8 2 (0.28%) RedGate
8 2 (0.28%) SAP
8 2 (0.28%) Tableau
8 2 (0.28%) Twitter