Period
to 16 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Entity Framework skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Entity Framework over the 6 months to 16 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microsoft ADO.NET Entity Framework
UK
6 months to
16 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 314 335 390
Rank change year-on-year +21 +55 -58
Contract jobs citing Entity Framework 835 720 674
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.82% 0.75% 0.62%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.37% 2.32% 2.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 678 568 502
UK median daily rate £390 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.00% +7.14% +3.70%
10th Percentile £306 £293 £300
90th Percentile £538 £538 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £340
% change year-on-year +7.14% +2.94% +4.62%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 9 6
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.18% +77.08% -49.30%
10th Percentile £39.40 £24.37 £20.55
90th Percentile £44.20 £57.50 £43.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £41.25 £24.00
% change year-on-year +4.24% +71.88% -54.94%

Entity Framework is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,252 31,010 31,692
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.46% 32.41% 29.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,904 21,394 22,142
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £320 £306 £293
90th Percentile £625 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £423 £400 £383
% change year-on-year +5.75% +4.58% +2.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 343 384 386
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +11.11% -2.70%
10th Percentile £15.24 £16.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.25 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +0.63% +11.11% -2.70%

Entity Framework
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Entity Framework as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Entity Framework.

Contractor daily rate trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework within the UK over the 6 months to 16 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 731 £390 +4.00% 419
UK excluding London -3 560 £375 +7.14% 334
London +25 256 £475 +1.06% 100
South East +7 184 £413 +17.86% 88
North of England +27 149 £350 +3.09% 87
North West +5 74 £364 +5.43% 41
Yorkshire +13 67 £350 +3.24% 40
Midlands -3 64 £375 +15.38% 62
Scotland -19 61 £400 +6.67% 9
South West -16 53 £375 +10.29% 43
West Midlands -9 40 £325 - 26
East Midlands -11 24 £375 +15.38% 36
East of England -24 24 £365 +0.69% 39
Wales -30 20 £400 +6.67% 2
North East -8 8 £400 +23.08% 6
Northern Ireland - 5 - - 4

For the 6 months to 16 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Entity Framework also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Entity Framework.

1 797 (95.45%) .NET
2 785 (94.01%) .NET Framework
3 775 (92.81%) C#
4 551 (65.99%) SQL Server
5 528 (63.23%) MVC
6 475 (56.89%) ASP.NET
7 455 (54.49%) JavaScript
8 445 (53.29%) Agile Software Development
9 420 (50.30%) SQL
10 399 (47.78%) ASP.NET Web API
11 359 (42.99%) AngularJS
12 319 (38.20%) HTML
13 295 (35.33%) CSS
14 284 (34.01%) ASP.NET MVC
15 255 (30.54%) jQuery
16 248 (29.70%) Microsoft Azure
17 238 (28.50%) TDD
18 215 (25.75%) Microsoft
19 172 (20.60%) Visual Studio
20 170 (20.36%) Scrum
21 160 (19.16%) Web Services
22 158 (18.92%) .NET Core
23 153 (18.32%) Unit Testing
24 149 (17.84%) Git (software)
25 147 (17.60%) WCF
26 134 (16.05%) Finance
27 126 (15.09%) Team Foundation Server
28 117 (14.01%) LINQ
28 117 (14.01%) Continuous Integration
29 113 (13.53%) T-SQL

Entity Framework
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (5.39%) IIS
2 40 (4.79%) CMS
3 26 (3.11%) Sitecore CMS
4 23 (2.75%) SharePoint
5 22 (2.63%) NServiceBus
6 10 (1.20%) Umbraco
7 6 (0.72%) BizTalk Server
8 4 (0.48%) EPiServer
9 3 (0.36%) Oracle Workflow
9 3 (0.36%) SharePoint 2013
10 2 (0.24%) Apache
10 2 (0.24%) Elasticsearch
10 2 (0.24%) Kentico
11 1 (0.12%) Confluence
11 1 (0.12%) SharePoint 2010
11 1 (0.12%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 5 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.12%) InVision
3 1 (0.12%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 27 (3.23%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.48%) SDL Web 8
3 3 (0.36%) Endur
4 2 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 248 (29.70%) Microsoft Azure
2 38 (4.55%) Amazon AWS
3 18 (2.16%) npm
3 18 (2.16%) NuGet
4 12 (1.44%) Serverless
5 9 (1.08%) Office 365
6 8 (0.96%) PaaS
7 6 (0.72%) Google Cloud Platform
7 6 (0.72%) IaaS
8 5 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
8 5 (0.60%) Azure Functions
9 4 (0.48%) SaaS
10 2 (0.24%) Cloud Computing
11 1 (0.12%) AWS Lambda
11 1 (0.12%) Dynamics 365
11 1 (0.12%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 30 (3.59%) HTTP
2 12 (1.44%) Internet
3 11 (1.32%) SMTP
4 8 (0.96%) DNS
4 8 (0.96%) IMAP
5 5 (0.60%) Intranet
5 5 (0.60%) SMS
6 4 (0.48%) WEP
7 2 (0.24%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.24%) Network Security
8 1 (0.12%) 4G
8 1 (0.12%) 5G
8 1 (0.12%) AMQP
8 1 (0.12%) MQTT
8 1 (0.12%) Skype
8 1 (0.12%) SSL
8 1 (0.12%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 551 (65.99%) SQL Server
2 63 (7.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 60 (7.19%) Relational Database
4 56 (6.71%) NoSQL
5 48 (5.75%) SQL Server 2008
5 48 (5.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 40 (4.79%) SQL Server 2012
7 38 (4.55%) Azure SQL Database
8 34 (4.07%) Redis
9 23 (2.75%) DB2
10 16 (1.92%) Data Warehouse
11 14 (1.68%) SQL Server 2014
11 14 (1.68%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 12 (1.44%) SQL Server 2016
13 11 (1.32%) Power BI
14 10 (1.20%) MongoDB
15 9 (1.08%) RDBMS
16 8 (0.96%) Cosmos DB
17 7 (0.84%) Crystal Reports
18 6 (0.72%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 172 (20.60%) Visual Studio
2 149 (17.84%) Git (software)
3 126 (15.09%) Team Foundation Server
4 73 (8.74%) NUnit
5 69 (8.26%) TeamCity
6 51 (6.11%) Selenium
7 45 (5.39%) Visual Studio Team System
8 43 (5.15%) SpecFlow
9 39 (4.67%) Octopus Deploy
10 38 (4.55%) MSTest
11 26 (3.11%) Jenkins
12 25 (2.99%) Subversion
13 24 (2.87%) JIRA
13 24 (2.87%) Moq
14 21 (2.51%) Jasmine
15 13 (1.56%) ReSharper
16 12 (1.44%) XMLUnit
16 12 (1.44%) xUnit.net
17 9 (1.08%) InstallShield
18 8 (0.96%) git-flow
General
1 134 (16.05%) Finance
2 39 (4.67%) Banking
3 38 (4.55%) Retail
4 16 (1.92%) Front Office
4 16 (1.92%) Law
5 14 (1.68%) Legal
6 11 (1.32%) Back Office
7 10 (1.20%) Investment Banking
8 9 (1.08%) Advertising
9 8 (0.96%) Automotive
9 8 (0.96%) Manufacturing
9 8 (0.96%) Marketing
9 8 (0.96%) Telecoms
10 5 (0.60%) Music Industry
11 4 (0.48%) Financial Institution
12 2 (0.24%) Electronics
12 2 (0.24%) French Language
12 2 (0.24%) Multimedia
12 2 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
13 1 (0.12%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 767 (91.86%) Developer
2 514 (61.56%) .NET Developer
3 309 (37.01%) C# Developer
4 208 (24.91%) C# .NET Developer
5 136 (16.29%) Full Stack Developer
6 102 (12.22%) ASP.NET Developer
7 91 (10.90%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
8 79 (9.46%) Angular Developer
9 78 (9.34%) C# ASP.NET Developer
10 75 (8.98%) SQL Developer
11 65 (7.78%) Senior Developer
12 48 (5.75%) Software Developer
13 47 (5.63%) Senior .NET Developer
14 38 (4.55%) Lead Developer
15 33 (3.95%) JavaScript Developer
16 31 (3.71%) Agile Developer
17 29 (3.47%) Agile .NET Developer
18 28 (3.35%) Web Developer
19 27 (3.23%) SQL Server Developer
20 26 (3.11%) Agile C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 797 (95.45%) .NET
2 785 (94.01%) .NET Framework
3 475 (56.89%) ASP.NET
4 399 (47.78%) ASP.NET Web API
5 359 (42.99%) AngularJS
6 319 (38.20%) HTML
7 295 (35.33%) CSS
8 284 (34.01%) ASP.NET MVC
9 255 (30.54%) jQuery
10 160 (19.16%) Web Services
11 158 (18.92%) .NET Core
12 147 (17.60%) WCF
13 117 (14.01%) LINQ
14 111 (13.29%) XML
15 109 (13.05%) HTML5
16 100 (11.98%) REST
17 94 (11.26%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 93 (11.14%) RESTful
19 84 (10.06%) Angular 2
20 72 (8.62%) KnockoutJS
Miscellaneous
1 68 (8.14%) Greenfield Project
2 46 (5.51%) Analytical Skills
3 28 (3.35%) Fintech
4 26 (3.11%) Enterprise Software
5 25 (2.99%) Fixed Income
5 25 (2.99%) Self-Motivation
6 22 (2.63%) User Experience
7 18 (2.16%) N-Tier
8 15 (1.80%) Computer Science
8 15 (1.80%) W3C
9 14 (1.68%) Hedge funds
10 10 (1.20%) Mobile App
11 7 (0.84%) Algorithms
12 6 (0.72%) Data Structures
12 6 (0.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 5 (0.60%) Clustering
13 5 (0.60%) Equities
14 4 (0.48%) Management Information System
15 3 (0.36%) Animation
16 2 (0.24%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 74 (8.86%) Windows
2 14 (1.68%) Windows Server
3 11 (1.32%) Android
3 11 (1.32%) Apple iOS
4 3 (0.36%) Windows Phone
5 2 (0.24%) Nucleus RTOS
6 1 (0.12%) Linux
6 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 528 (63.23%) MVC
2 445 (53.29%) Agile Software Development
3 238 (28.50%) TDD
4 170 (20.36%) Scrum
5 153 (18.32%) Unit Testing
6 117 (14.01%) Continuous Integration
7 103 (12.34%) Problem-Solving
8 89 (10.66%) Web Development
9 83 (9.94%) Test Automation
10 78 (9.34%) SDLC
11 77 (9.22%) Microservices
12 75 (8.98%) SOLID
13 71 (8.50%) E-Commerce
13 71 (8.50%) OO
14 69 (8.26%) BDD
15 65 (7.78%) Dependency Injection
16 57 (6.83%) SOA
16 57 (6.83%) Software Engineering
17 51 (6.11%) Business Intelligence
18 44 (5.27%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 775 (92.81%) C#
2 455 (54.49%) JavaScript
3 420 (50.30%) SQL
4 113 (13.53%) T-SQL
5 82 (9.82%) TypeScript
6 27 (3.23%) VB.NET
7 19 (2.28%) PowerShell
8 18 (2.16%) Java
9 13 (1.56%) C
10 10 (1.20%) C++
11 9 (1.08%) PL/SQL
12 7 (0.84%) ES6
12 7 (0.84%) Python
13 6 (0.72%) Apple Swift
13 6 (0.72%) Objective-C
14 5 (0.60%) Scala
15 4 (0.48%) F#
15 4 (0.48%) PHP
15 4 (0.48%) Shell Script
16 3 (0.36%) VB
Qualifications
1 23 (2.75%) Degree
2 18 (2.16%) Security Cleared
3 11 (1.32%) SC Cleared
4 7 (0.84%) Microsoft Certification
5 6 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
5 6 (0.72%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (0.24%) CTC Cleared
6 2 (0.24%) HND
6 2 (0.24%) MCTS
6 2 (0.24%) PhD
7 1 (0.12%) BC Cleared
7 1 (0.12%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (1.68%) QA
2 8 (0.96%) SLA
3 6 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.48%) GDPR
5 2 (0.24%) GCP
6 1 (0.12%) PMO
6 1 (0.12%) WCAG
System Software
1 61 (7.31%) Docker
2 10 (1.20%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.48%) Hyper-V
3 4 (0.48%) Microsoft App-V
3 4 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
4 1 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 8 (0.96%) Kubernetes
2 4 (0.48%) Control-M
2 4 (0.48%) SCCM
2 4 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
2 4 (0.48%) vCenter Server
3 1 (0.12%) Ansible
3 1 (0.12%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 215 (25.75%) Microsoft
2 86 (10.30%) Oracle
3 26 (3.11%) Sitecore
4 21 (2.51%) Teradata
5 15 (1.80%) Capita
6 12 (1.44%) Telerik
7 9 (1.08%) Sybase
8 7 (0.84%) Xamarin
9 6 (0.72%) Google
9 6 (0.72%) Salesforce.com
9 6 (0.72%) SAP
10 4 (0.48%) Cadence
10 4 (0.48%) Embarcadero
10 4 (0.48%) VMware
11 3 (0.36%) Borland
11 3 (0.36%) iManage
12 2 (0.24%) IBM
12 2 (0.24%) Intapp
12 2 (0.24%) Siebel
12 2 (0.24%) Yahoo!