Period
to 11 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Entity Framework skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Entity Framework over the 6 months to 11 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microsoft ADO.NET Entity Framework
UK
6 months to
11 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 285 362 329
Rank change year-on-year +77 -33 -11
Contract jobs citing Entity Framework 976 691 789
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.93% 0.67% 0.77%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.67% 2.08% 2.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 794 552 570
UK median daily rate £425 £384 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.75% +9.64% -
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £550 £550 £496
UK excluding London median daily rate £386 £350 £340
% change year-on-year +10.36% +2.94% +0.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 7 13
UK median hourly rate £44.42 £41.25 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.69% +71.88% -54.47%
10th Percentile £26.05 £21.62 £21.95
90th Percentile £50.50 £42.50 £43.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.42 £41.25 £24.00
% change year-on-year +7.69% +71.88% -54.94%

Entity Framework is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 36,613 33,223 31,727
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.74% 32.18% 30.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,860 23,479 21,894
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 311 365 364
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £18.50 £18.00 £14.52
90th Percentile £60.00 £51.88 £51.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £38.63
% change year-on-year +3.83% +3.56% +3.00%

Entity Framework
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Entity Framework as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Entity Framework.

Contractor daily rate trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Entity Framework over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Entity Framework in the UK

Entity Framework
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Entity Framework within the UK over the 6 months to 11 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +78 888 £428 +10.32% 453
UK excluding London +52 629 £386 +10.36% 367
London +43 326 £482 +1.47% 113
South East +91 278 £425 +21.43% 96
North of England +19 113 £365 +7.35% 103
South West -33 66 £395 +5.33% 48
Midlands -10 64 £375 +15.38% 51
Yorkshire +18 59 £365 +7.35% 50
North West -19 49 £370 +5.71% 41
East of England +13 40 £381 +17.31% 42
Wales -3 37 £390 +4.00% 7
East Midlands +11 32 £375 +16.28% 22
West Midlands -26 32 £375 +15.38% 29
Scotland -9 29 £375 - 15
North East - 5 £450 - 12
Northern Ireland - 3 - - 5

For the 6 months to 11 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Entity Framework also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Entity Framework.

1 921 (94.36%) .NET
2 901 (92.32%) .NET Framework
3 879 (90.06%) C#
4 575 (58.91%) MVC
5 540 (55.33%) SQL Server
6 501 (51.33%) Agile Software Development
7 499 (51.13%) ASP.NET
8 495 (50.72%) SQL
9 464 (47.54%) JavaScript
10 429 (43.95%) ASP.NET Web API
11 384 (39.34%) AngularJS
12 324 (33.20%) ASP.NET MVC
13 291 (29.82%) HTML
14 284 (29.10%) TDD
14 284 (29.10%) Microsoft Azure
15 263 (26.95%) CSS
16 228 (23.36%) jQuery
17 202 (20.70%) Microsoft
18 201 (20.59%) .NET Core
19 177 (18.14%) WCF
20 173 (17.73%) Finance
21 169 (17.32%) Web Services
21 169 (17.32%) Scrum
22 160 (16.39%) Visual Studio
23 151 (15.47%) LINQ
24 150 (15.37%) Continuous Integration
25 141 (14.45%) Unit Testing
26 140 (14.34%) Git (software)
27 125 (12.81%) TypeScript
27 125 (12.81%) Test Automation

Entity Framework
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (5.84%) CMS
2 51 (5.23%) SharePoint
3 49 (5.02%) IIS
4 27 (2.77%) Umbraco
5 25 (2.56%) Sitecore CMS
6 22 (2.25%) Elasticsearch
7 18 (1.84%) NServiceBus
8 12 (1.23%) Confluence
9 10 (1.02%) BizTalk Server
10 3 (0.31%) Oracle Workflow
11 2 (0.20%) EPiServer
12 1 (0.10%) Apache Pig
12 1 (0.10%) DataSynapse
12 1 (0.10%) SharePoint 2010
12 1 (0.10%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 18 (1.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 7 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.31%) thinkFolio
3 2 (0.20%) Endur
3 2 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.10%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 284 (29.10%) Microsoft Azure
2 59 (6.05%) Amazon AWS
3 25 (2.56%) Serverless
4 19 (1.95%) npm
5 14 (1.43%) NuGet
6 13 (1.33%) Office 365
7 10 (1.02%) Google Cloud Platform
8 9 (0.92%) AWS Lambda
8 9 (0.92%) Azure Functions
9 5 (0.51%) PaaS
10 4 (0.41%) SaaS
11 3 (0.31%) Cloud Computing
11 3 (0.31%) GitHub
11 3 (0.31%) Google Play
12 1 (0.10%) Google Analytics
12 1 (0.10%) IaaS
12 1 (0.10%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 33 (3.38%) HTTP
2 18 (1.84%) SMTP
3 17 (1.74%) Internet
4 11 (1.13%) DNS
5 10 (1.02%) IMAP
6 2 (0.20%) Intranet
6 2 (0.20%) SMS
7 1 (0.10%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.10%) ICMP
7 1 (0.10%) Kerberos
7 1 (0.10%) MQTT
7 1 (0.10%) SSL
7 1 (0.10%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 540 (55.33%) SQL Server
2 79 (8.09%) Relational Database
3 59 (6.05%) SQL Server 2008
4 58 (5.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 48 (4.92%) SQL Server 2012
6 41 (4.20%) NoSQL
7 34 (3.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 32 (3.28%) Redis
9 26 (2.66%) RDBMS
10 24 (2.46%) SQL Server 2014
10 24 (2.46%) SQL Server 2016
11 21 (2.15%) Azure SQL Database
12 17 (1.74%) Data Warehouse
13 16 (1.64%) MongoDB
14 13 (1.33%) PostgreSQL
15 12 (1.23%) Cosmos DB
16 11 (1.13%) DB2
17 9 (0.92%) MySQL
17 9 (0.92%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 8 (0.82%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 160 (16.39%) Visual Studio
2 140 (14.34%) Git (software)
3 119 (12.19%) Team Foundation Server
4 90 (9.22%) TeamCity
5 62 (6.35%) NUnit
6 59 (6.05%) Visual Studio Team System
7 53 (5.43%) Selenium
8 42 (4.30%) Octopus Deploy
9 39 (4.00%) MSTest
10 35 (3.59%) Moq
11 32 (3.28%) SpecFlow
12 30 (3.07%) JIRA
13 26 (2.66%) Jenkins
14 19 (1.95%) Jasmine
14 19 (1.95%) Subversion
15 14 (1.43%) XMLUnit
16 13 (1.33%) Karma Test Runner
17 12 (1.23%) webpack
17 12 (1.23%) xUnit.net
18 11 (1.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 173 (17.73%) Finance
2 45 (4.61%) Retail
3 40 (4.10%) Banking
4 33 (3.38%) Front Office
5 13 (1.33%) Financial Institution
6 9 (0.92%) Legal
7 7 (0.72%) Advertising
8 5 (0.51%) Back Office
8 5 (0.51%) Law
8 5 (0.51%) Marketing
8 5 (0.51%) Telecoms
9 4 (0.41%) Investment Banking
10 3 (0.31%) Automotive
10 3 (0.31%) French Language
11 2 (0.20%) Billing
11 2 (0.20%) Manufacturing
12 1 (0.10%) Multimedia
12 1 (0.10%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.10%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 907 (92.93%) Developer
2 633 (64.86%) .NET Developer
3 386 (39.55%) C# Developer
4 249 (25.51%) C# .NET Developer
5 131 (13.42%) Full Stack Developer
6 116 (11.89%) ASP.NET Developer
7 109 (11.17%) Angular Developer
8 108 (11.07%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
9 91 (9.32%) Senior Developer
10 89 (9.12%) C# ASP.NET Developer
11 88 (9.02%) SQL Developer
12 72 (7.38%) Senior .NET Developer
13 49 (5.02%) JavaScript Developer
14 32 (3.28%) Azure Developer
14 32 (3.28%) Lead Developer
15 28 (2.87%) Software Developer
16 21 (2.15%) React Developer
16 21 (2.15%) SQL Server Developer
17 19 (1.95%) Agile Developer
17 19 (1.95%) Electronic Trading Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 921 (94.36%) .NET
2 901 (92.32%) .NET Framework
3 499 (51.13%) ASP.NET
4 429 (43.95%) ASP.NET Web API
5 384 (39.34%) AngularJS
6 324 (33.20%) ASP.NET MVC
7 291 (29.82%) HTML
8 263 (26.95%) CSS
9 228 (23.36%) jQuery
10 201 (20.59%) .NET Core
11 177 (18.14%) WCF
12 169 (17.32%) Web Services
13 151 (15.47%) LINQ
14 120 (12.30%) HTML5
15 113 (11.58%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 105 (10.76%) RESTful
17 95 (9.73%) XML
18 91 (9.32%) Angular 2
19 87 (8.91%) REST
20 85 (8.71%) React
Miscellaneous
1 73 (7.48%) Greenfield Project
2 62 (6.35%) Analytical Skills
3 36 (3.69%) Fintech
4 33 (3.38%) Enterprise Software
5 32 (3.28%) User Experience
6 26 (2.66%) Fixed Income
7 25 (2.56%) Self-Motivation
8 22 (2.25%) Hedge funds
9 20 (2.05%) Reinsurance
10 13 (1.33%) Mobile App
11 11 (1.13%) N-Tier
12 10 (1.02%) Algorithms
13 8 (0.82%) Clustering
13 8 (0.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 8 (0.82%) W3C
14 6 (0.61%) Equities
14 6 (0.61%) NHS
15 4 (0.41%) Data Structures
15 4 (0.41%) Hybrid Cloud
16 3 (0.31%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 80 (8.20%) Windows
2 32 (3.28%) Windows Server
3 26 (2.66%) Android
4 25 (2.56%) Apple iOS
5 8 (0.82%) Windows Server 2012
6 2 (0.20%) Linux
7 1 (0.10%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 575 (58.91%) MVC
2 501 (51.33%) Agile Software Development
3 284 (29.10%) TDD
4 169 (17.32%) Scrum
5 150 (15.37%) Continuous Integration
6 141 (14.45%) Unit Testing
7 125 (12.81%) Test Automation
8 111 (11.37%) Problem-Solving
9 100 (10.25%) OO
10 93 (9.53%) SOLID
11 91 (9.32%) Microservices
12 85 (8.71%) BDD
13 78 (7.99%) SOA
14 70 (7.17%) Dependency Injection
14 70 (7.17%) E-Commerce
14 70 (7.17%) Software Engineering
15 67 (6.86%) DevOps
16 66 (6.76%) SDLC
17 64 (6.56%) Web Development
18 58 (5.94%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 879 (90.06%) C#
2 495 (50.72%) SQL
3 464 (47.54%) JavaScript
4 125 (12.81%) TypeScript
5 112 (11.48%) T-SQL
6 27 (2.77%) PowerShell
7 19 (1.95%) PL/SQL
8 18 (1.84%) VB.NET
9 16 (1.64%) VBA
10 13 (1.33%) XAML
11 12 (1.23%) C
12 10 (1.02%) Java
13 7 (0.72%) Apple Swift
14 6 (0.61%) Objective-C
15 5 (0.51%) ActionScript
15 5 (0.51%) ActionScript 2.0
15 5 (0.51%) C++
16 4 (0.41%) PHP
16 4 (0.41%) Python
16 4 (0.41%) VB
Qualifications
1 57 (5.84%) Degree
2 23 (2.36%) Security Cleared
3 18 (1.84%) SC Cleared
4 13 (1.33%) Microsoft Certification
5 5 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
5 5 (0.51%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (0.31%) DBS Check
6 3 (0.31%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.20%) CTC Cleared
7 2 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
7 2 (0.20%) PhD
8 1 (0.10%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (1.84%) QA
2 6 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (0.41%) SLA
4 3 (0.31%) PMO
4 3 (0.31%) WCAG
5 1 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 55 (5.64%) Docker
2 9 (0.92%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.10%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 34 (3.48%) Kubernetes
2 12 (1.23%) Ansible
3 4 (0.41%) Kibana
3 4 (0.41%) Opscode Chef
3 4 (0.41%) Puppet
4 3 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
5 1 (0.10%) Terraform
Vendors
1 202 (20.70%) Microsoft
2 100 (10.25%) Oracle
3 29 (2.97%) Sitecore
4 20 (2.05%) Xamarin
5 19 (1.95%) Google
6 14 (1.43%) Sybase
7 13 (1.33%) Atlassian
8 11 (1.13%) Teradata
9 10 (1.02%) Telerik
10 8 (0.82%) Apple
10 8 (0.82%) VMware
11 5 (0.51%) SAP
12 4 (0.41%) Nintex
13 3 (0.31%) Bloomberg
13 3 (0.31%) Cadence
13 3 (0.31%) DevExpress
13 3 (0.31%) Infragistics
14 2 (0.20%) Civica
14 2 (0.20%) IBM
14 2 (0.20%) Salesforce.com