Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 70 73 66
Rank change year-on-year +3 -7 -7
Contract jobs citing REST 1,893 1,071 2,990
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.35% 3.21% 3.55%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.11% 10.33% 11.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,362 762 2,077
10th Percentile £394 £388 £370
25th Percentile £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
75th Percentile £638 £600 £575
90th Percentile £697 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £517 £500
% change year-on-year -3.24% +3.40% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 7 30
10th Percentile £36.05 £42.70 £41.21
25th Percentile £47.88 £48.78 £47.50
Median hourly rate £53.75 £57.50 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year -6.52% +9.52% +23.53%
75th Percentile £60.88 £68.75 £59.38
90th Percentile £71.00 £69.25 £61.38
UK median hourly rate £52.50 £58.75 £52.50
% change year-on-year -10.64% +11.90% +23.53%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17,042 10,366 27,121
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.15% 31.05% 32.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,354 7,465 19,329
10th Percentile £358 £338 £345
25th Percentile £425 £413 £410
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £619 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £490
% change year-on-year - +2.04% +3.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 163 89 240
10th Percentile £15.16 £20.71 £17.06
25th Percentile £27.25 £30.86 £26.19
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £45.00
75th Percentile £57.13 £61.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £66.40 £66.55 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.96
% change year-on-year - +0.09% +8.25%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 1,219 £550 - 425
South East +25 187 £500 +8.11% 110
North of England 0 177 £475 +2.70% 150
North West +5 108 £463 +5.71% 92
South West -8 83 £450 -5.26% 59
Midlands -45 58 £450 -5.26% 92
Yorkshire -7 49 £500 +11.11% 36
West Midlands -36 37 £463 +8.06% 62
East of England -20 28 £523 +10.00% 47
East Midlands -23 21 £450 -10.00% 30
North East +2 20 £513 -6.82% 22
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 890 (47.02%) Java
2 869 (45.91%) Agile Software Development
3 548 (28.95%) JavaScript
4 533 (28.16%) Microservices
5 487 (25.73%) Spring
6 485 (25.62%) AWS
7 469 (24.78%) SQL
8 439 (23.19%) Git (software)
9 438 (23.14%) SOAP
10 430 (22.72%) DevOps
11 419 (22.13%) Web Services
12 398 (21.02%) Azure
13 389 (20.55%) Jenkins
14 369 (19.49%) Docker
15 358 (18.91%) HTML
16 356 (18.81%) TDD
17 347 (18.33%) Finance
18 346 (18.28%) JSON
19 341 (18.01%) Test Automation
20 337 (17.80%) React
21 328 (17.33%) Social Skills
22 316 (16.69%) Scrum
23 313 (16.53%) CSS
24 306 (16.16%) Python
25 301 (15.90%) Kubernetes
26 286 (15.11%) Maven
27 280 (14.79%) AngularJS
28 269 (14.21%) Software Engineering
29 261 (13.79%) Spring Boot
30 256 (13.52%) Node.js

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 97 (5.12%) Confluence
2 62 (3.28%) Apache
3 52 (2.75%) Tomcat
4 46 (2.43%) CMS
5 45 (2.38%) Mule
5 45 (2.38%) SharePoint
6 43 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
6 43 (2.27%) JBoss
7 38 (2.01%) Red Hat Fuse
8 25 (1.32%) Cloud Foundry
9 21 (1.11%) Anypoint
10 17 (0.90%) IIS
11 16 (0.85%) Apache Spark
11 16 (0.85%) WebLogic
12 15 (0.79%) Mule ESB
13 13 (0.69%) nginx
13 13 (0.69%) WebSphere
14 12 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 11 (0.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 9 (0.48%) OpenStack
Applications
1 16 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.37%) Figma
4 5 (0.26%) Chatbot
5 4 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.21%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.11%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.11%) SPSS
7 1 (0.053%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.053%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 15 (0.79%) SunGard Martini
2 14 (0.74%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.42%) Payment Gateway
4 7 (0.37%) SAP Hybris
5 6 (0.32%) Oracle ERP
6 5 (0.26%) Adobe Campaign
7 4 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
7 4 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
7 4 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle CRM
8 3 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 2 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
9 2 (0.11%) ION MarketView
9 2 (0.11%) Magento
9 2 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
9 2 (0.11%) SAP CRM
9 2 (0.11%) Shopify
10 1 (0.053%) Maximo
10 1 (0.053%) NetSuite
10 1 (0.053%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 485 (25.62%) AWS
2 398 (21.02%) Azure
3 148 (7.82%) Serverless
4 145 (7.66%) GitHub
5 123 (6.50%) GCP
6 93 (4.91%) PaaS
7 89 (4.70%) AWS Lambda
8 68 (3.59%) SaaS
9 60 (3.17%) Power Platform
10 54 (2.85%) OpenShift
11 50 (2.64%) IaaS
12 43 (2.27%) Amazon S3
13 42 (2.22%) Microsoft 365
14 38 (2.01%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 37 (1.95%) Cloud Computing
16 33 (1.74%) AWS CloudFormation
16 33 (1.74%) Dynamics 365
17 32 (1.69%) Azure Data Factory
18 31 (1.64%) Azure Service Bus
19 29 (1.53%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 155 (8.19%) HTTP
2 44 (2.32%) TCP/IP
3 42 (2.22%) Firewall
4 34 (1.80%) DNS
5 29 (1.53%) SSL
6 16 (0.85%) HTTPS
6 16 (0.85%) Internet
7 14 (0.74%) FTP
8 12 (0.63%) SMTP
8 12 (0.63%) SSH
9 11 (0.58%) SMS
10 8 (0.42%) VPN
11 7 (0.37%) DHCP
11 7 (0.37%) Kerberos
12 6 (0.32%) 2G
12 6 (0.32%) Wireshark
13 5 (0.26%) Intranet
13 5 (0.26%) SIGTRAN
13 5 (0.26%) SS7
13 5 (0.26%) Telnet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 215 (11.36%) SQL Server
2 195 (10.30%) NoSQL
3 167 (8.82%) MongoDB
4 156 (8.24%) Relational Database
5 137 (7.24%) PostgreSQL
6 94 (4.97%) MySQL
7 44 (2.32%) Apache Cassandra
7 44 (2.32%) Power BI
8 43 (2.27%) Data Warehouse
9 38 (2.01%) Azure SQL Database
10 36 (1.90%) Redis
10 36 (1.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 34 (1.80%) Oracle Database
12 32 (1.69%) Big Data
13 31 (1.64%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 26 (1.37%) RDBMS
15 21 (1.11%) Data Lake
16 16 (0.85%) Oracle Database 12c
17 15 (0.79%) DB2
18 14 (0.74%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 439 (23.19%) Git (software)
2 389 (20.55%) Jenkins
3 286 (15.11%) Maven
4 197 (10.41%) JIRA
5 155 (8.19%) Cucumber
6 142 (7.50%) JUnit
7 83 (4.38%) Selenium
8 79 (4.17%) Mockito
9 77 (4.07%) Bitbucket
10 73 (3.86%) TeamCity
11 65 (3.43%) GitLab
11 65 (3.43%) Subversion
12 56 (2.96%) Gradle
12 56 (2.96%) Visual Studio
13 53 (2.80%) Postman
14 50 (2.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 42 (2.22%) Artifactory
16 40 (2.11%) Sonatype Nexus
17 38 (2.01%) JMeter
18 33 (1.74%) IntelliJ
General
1 347 (18.33%) Finance
2 328 (17.33%) Social Skills
3 251 (13.26%) Banking
4 126 (6.66%) Analytical Skills
5 97 (5.12%) Investment Banking
6 83 (4.38%) Public Sector
7 60 (3.17%) Front Office
8 59 (3.12%) Retail
9 42 (2.22%) Marketing
10 38 (2.01%) Presentation Skills
11 33 (1.74%) Telecoms
12 23 (1.22%) Influencing Skills
13 19 (1.00%) Retail Banking
14 15 (0.79%) Manufacturing
15 14 (0.74%) Pharmaceutical
16 13 (0.69%) Financial Institution
16 13 (0.69%) German Language
17 12 (0.63%) Law
18 11 (0.58%) Documentation Skills
19 9 (0.48%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,118 (59.06%) Developer
2 361 (19.07%) Java Developer
3 205 (10.83%) Senior Developer
4 183 (9.67%) Architect
5 107 (5.65%) Full Stack Developer
6 92 (4.86%) Software Engineer
7 90 (4.75%) .NET Developer
8 88 (4.65%) Senior Java Developer
9 87 (4.60%) Consultant
10 85 (4.49%) Solutions Architect
11 70 (3.70%) Python Developer
12 68 (3.59%) React Developer
13 64 (3.38%) Java Engineer
14 56 (2.96%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 48 (2.54%) AWS Developer
16 46 (2.43%) Senior Consultant
17 45 (2.38%) C# Developer
18 44 (2.32%) Azure Developer
18 44 (2.32%) DevOps Engineer
19 40 (2.11%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 487 (25.73%) Spring
2 438 (23.14%) SOAP
3 419 (22.13%) Web Services
4 358 (18.91%) HTML
5 346 (18.28%) JSON
6 337 (17.80%) React
7 313 (16.53%) CSS
8 280 (14.79%) AngularJS
9 261 (13.79%) Spring Boot
10 256 (13.52%) Node.js
11 248 (13.10%) .NET
12 244 (12.89%) XML
13 144 (7.61%) GraphQL
14 139 (7.34%) Kafka
15 123 (6.50%) HTML5
16 112 (5.92%) OAuth
17 104 (5.49%) Hibernate
18 102 (5.39%) RESTful
19 93 (4.91%) .NET Core
20 92 (4.86%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 108 (5.71%) Mobile App
2 104 (5.49%) User Experience
3 74 (3.91%) Enterprise Software
4 53 (2.80%) Data Structures
5 45 (2.38%) Greenfield Project
6 38 (2.01%) Cloud Native
7 35 (1.85%) Algorithms
8 34 (1.80%) Clustering
8 34 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
9 33 (1.74%) Data Protection Act
10 28 (1.48%) Fixed Income
11 23 (1.22%) Virtual Team
12 20 (1.06%) Data Centre
13 19 (1.00%) Management Information System
14 18 (0.95%) Legacy Systems
15 15 (0.79%) Wiki
16 14 (0.74%) CMDB
17 12 (0.63%) Hedge funds
17 12 (0.63%) W3C
18 10 (0.53%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 237 (12.52%) Linux
2 133 (7.03%) Unix
3 125 (6.60%) Windows
4 76 (4.01%) Android
5 66 (3.49%) Apple iOS
6 15 (0.79%) Windows Server
7 10 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 9 (0.48%) Solaris
9 8 (0.42%) Mac OS X
10 5 (0.26%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.26%) Windows Server 2016
11 4 (0.21%) CentOS
11 4 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
11 4 (0.21%) Windows Server 2019
12 3 (0.16%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
13 2 (0.11%) AIX
13 2 (0.11%) Debian
13 2 (0.11%) VMS
13 2 (0.11%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 869 (45.91%) Agile Software Development
2 533 (28.16%) Microservices
3 430 (22.72%) DevOps
4 356 (18.81%) TDD
5 341 (18.01%) Test Automation
6 316 (16.69%) Scrum
7 269 (14.21%) Software Engineering
8 203 (10.72%) Continuous Integration
9 189 (9.98%) BDD
10 168 (8.87%) Problem-Solving
11 145 (7.66%) Unit Testing
12 142 (7.50%) OO
13 126 (6.66%) Web Development
14 109 (5.76%) Kanban
14 109 (5.76%) Open Source
15 107 (5.65%) SDLC
16 101 (5.34%) SOA
17 100 (5.28%) Mentoring
18 98 (5.18%) Data Modelling
19 97 (5.12%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 890 (47.02%) Java
2 548 (28.95%) JavaScript
3 469 (24.78%) SQL
4 306 (16.16%) Python
5 251 (13.26%) C#
6 216 (11.41%) Java 8
7 169 (8.93%) TypeScript
8 95 (5.02%) Kotlin
9 89 (4.70%) PowerShell
10 75 (3.96%) Scala
11 74 (3.91%) Bash Shell
12 61 (3.22%) Go
13 54 (2.85%) C++
14 53 (2.80%) Java 11
15 48 (2.54%) ES6
16 46 (2.43%) PHP
17 44 (2.32%) T-SQL
18 42 (2.22%) Ruby
19 41 (2.17%) Shell Script
20 40 (2.11%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 141 (7.45%) Security Cleared
2 122 (6.44%) SC Cleared
3 111 (5.86%) Degree
4 39 (2.06%) Computer Science Degree
5 23 (1.22%) ISTQB
6 21 (1.11%) Master's Degree
7 19 (1.00%) BPSS Clearance
8 16 (0.85%) AWS Certification
8 16 (0.85%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 14 (0.74%) DV Cleared
10 8 (0.42%) ITIL Certification
11 7 (0.37%) ISEB
11 7 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.11%) CCNA
12 2 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
12 2 (0.11%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.11%) PhD
12 2 (0.11%) TOGAF Certification
13 1 (0.053%) A+ Certification
13 1 (0.053%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 120 (6.34%) QA
2 43 (2.27%) Accessibility
3 14 (0.74%) GDPR
4 11 (0.58%) Data Quality
4 11 (0.58%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 9 (0.48%) WCAG
6 8 (0.42%) MiFID
7 4 (0.21%) NIST
8 3 (0.16%) Actionable Recommendations
8 3 (0.16%) SLA
9 2 (0.11%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.053%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.053%) GRC
10 1 (0.053%) HL7
10 1 (0.053%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.053%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 369 (19.49%) Docker
2 51 (2.69%) Active Directory
3 14 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.69%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 8 (0.42%) NFS
6 5 (0.26%) OpenAM
6 5 (0.26%) OpenDJ
6 5 (0.26%) OpenIDM
6 5 (0.26%) Virtual Servers
7 4 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
7 4 (0.21%) vSphere
8 3 (0.16%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.11%) Platform Symphony
9 2 (0.11%) Postfix
9 2 (0.11%) Veritas File System
9 2 (0.11%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 1 (0.053%) HDFS
10 1 (0.053%) RHEV
10 1 (0.053%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 301 (15.90%) Kubernetes
2 128 (6.76%) Terraform
3 54 (2.85%) Ansible
4 42 (2.22%) Grafana
5 27 (1.43%) Kibana
6 25 (1.32%) Prometheus
7 22 (1.16%) Single Sign-On
8 21 (1.11%) Puppet
9 16 (0.85%) Microsoft Intune
10 15 (0.79%) BladeLogic
11 13 (0.69%) Opscode Chef
12 12 (0.63%) CloudHub
12 12 (0.63%) Istio
13 11 (0.58%) Rancher
14 10 (0.53%) Nagios
15 9 (0.48%) Docker Swarm
16 7 (0.37%) HP Fortify
17 5 (0.26%) QRadar
17 5 (0.26%) Tivoli
17 5 (0.26%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 224 (11.83%) Oracle
2 135 (7.13%) Microsoft
3 79 (4.17%) Salesforce.com
4 68 (3.59%) Google
5 52 (2.75%) Splunk
6 50 (2.64%) MuleSoft
7 48 (2.54%) ServiceNow
8 44 (2.32%) IBM
8 44 (2.32%) SAP
9 32 (1.69%) Atlassian
10 27 (1.43%) AppDynamics
11 25 (1.32%) TIBCO
12 23 (1.22%) Red Hat
13 22 (1.16%) Adobe
14 21 (1.11%) Xamarin
15 20 (1.06%) Sybase
16 18 (0.95%) webMethods
17 16 (0.85%) VMware
18 15 (0.79%) FIS
18 15 (0.79%) SunGard