Period
to 28 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 28 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
28 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 72 60 58
Rank change year-on-year -12 -2 +10
Contract jobs citing REST 1,328 3,165 3,665
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.17% 3.82% 3.98%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.28% 11.58% 11.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 915 2,181 2,595
Median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £378 £363 £350
90th Percentile £675 £638 £610
UK median daily rate £513 £500 £488
% change year-on-year +2.50% +2.56% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 27 33
Median hourly rate £43.00 £50.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.00% +17.65% -15.00%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £21.25
90th Percentile £61.25 £60.00 £52.00
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £50.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -11.00% +17.65% -15.00%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,913 27,341 30,684
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.82% 32.96% 33.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,832 19,267 21,771
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £338 £340 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £490 £475
% change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 190 270 327
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.71 £42.27
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.92% +3.41% +3.09%
10th Percentile £23.32 £18.50 £17.40
90th Percentile £63.00 £61.28 £58.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.26
% change year-on-year -17.65% +0.57% +4.65%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 28 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 28 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 28 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 793 £550 - 118
South East -23 142 £450 - 38
North of England -18 136 £440 -2.22% 52
South West 0 123 £500 +5.26% 32
Midlands +1 85 £450 - 35
North West -16 69 £425 -1.16% 28
West Midlands -13 56 £434 -3.56% 29
Yorkshire -20 43 £410 -9.64% 18
East of England -7 42 £550 +22.22% 12
East Midlands +46 29 £505 +29.90% 6
North East +10 23 £456 -3.95% 6
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 28 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 641 (48.27%) Agile Software Development
2 607 (45.71%) Java
3 457 (34.41%) Web Services
4 455 (34.26%) SOAP
5 382 (28.77%) JavaScript
6 376 (28.31%) Microservices
7 327 (24.62%) SQL
8 309 (23.27%) Git (software)
9 305 (22.97%) JSON
10 303 (22.82%) DevOps
11 302 (22.74%) AWS
12 275 (20.71%) XML
13 270 (20.33%) Docker
14 267 (20.11%) Spring
15 263 (19.80%) AngularJS
16 237 (17.85%) TDD
17 233 (17.55%) Security Cleared
18 231 (17.39%) Jenkins
19 230 (17.32%) HTML
20 227 (17.09%) Azure
21 210 (15.81%) Test Automation
22 208 (15.66%) C#
23 205 (15.44%) CSS
24 204 (15.36%) SC Cleared
25 203 (15.29%) Scrum
26 200 (15.06%) Finance
27 190 (14.31%) SQL Server
28 189 (14.23%) BDD
29 183 (13.78%) Python
30 177 (13.33%) .NET

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 119 (8.96%) Elasticsearch
2 92 (6.93%) Confluence
3 49 (3.69%) WebLogic
4 48 (3.61%) Tomcat
5 47 (3.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 40 (3.01%) JBoss
7 38 (2.86%) Apache
8 36 (2.71%) Red Hat Fuse
9 22 (1.66%) CMS
10 20 (1.51%) IIS
10 20 (1.51%) SharePoint
11 19 (1.43%) NServiceBus
12 16 (1.20%) MQSeries
13 12 (0.90%) Drupal
13 12 (0.90%) SAS
14 8 (0.60%) Apache ServiceMix
15 7 (0.53%) BizTalk Server
16 6 (0.45%) Oracle Workflow
17 5 (0.38%) SharePoint 2013
17 5 (0.38%) WebSphere
Applications
1 6 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.38%) Chatbot
2 5 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.30%) Figma
4 3 (0.23%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.075%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.075%) InfoPath
6 1 (0.075%) InVision
6 1 (0.075%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.075%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 25 (1.88%) Remedy ITSM
2 18 (1.36%) Oracle ERP
3 12 (0.90%) Magento
4 6 (0.45%) NetSuite
4 6 (0.45%) Oracle Applications
4 6 (0.45%) Shopify
5 5 (0.38%) Oracle BPM
5 5 (0.38%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 4 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.15%) ResourceLink
7 2 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.15%) Siebel CRM
8 1 (0.075%) Maximo
8 1 (0.075%) Oracle EBS R12
8 1 (0.075%) Oracle Financials
8 1 (0.075%) Oracle Payables
8 1 (0.075%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.075%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.075%) Social Studio
Cloud Services
1 302 (22.74%) AWS
2 227 (17.09%) Azure
3 63 (4.74%) SaaS
4 57 (4.29%) GitHub
5 53 (3.99%) Serverless
6 51 (3.84%) GCP
7 45 (3.39%) Amazon EC2
8 36 (2.71%) PaaS
8 36 (2.71%) Power Platform
9 34 (2.56%) Boomi
10 32 (2.41%) AWS Lambda
11 27 (2.03%) Amazon S3
12 22 (1.66%) OpenShift
13 21 (1.58%) Slack
14 20 (1.51%) npm
15 18 (1.36%) Azure Active Directory
15 18 (1.36%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
16 15 (1.13%) Salesforce Service Cloud
17 14 (1.05%) AWS CloudFormation
18 13 (0.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 101 (7.61%) HTTP
2 38 (2.86%) SNMP
3 23 (1.73%) SSL
4 22 (1.66%) HTTPS
5 21 (1.58%) FTP
6 20 (1.51%) TCP/IP
7 19 (1.43%) DNS
8 13 (0.98%) Firewall
9 8 (0.60%) DHCP
9 8 (0.60%) DOCSIS
9 8 (0.60%) SSH
10 7 (0.53%) VPN
11 6 (0.45%) AMQP
11 6 (0.45%) Internet
11 6 (0.45%) Kerberos
11 6 (0.45%) MQTT
11 6 (0.45%) Reverse Proxy
12 5 (0.38%) VLAN
12 5 (0.38%) Wireless
12 5 (0.38%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 190 (14.31%) SQL Server
2 97 (7.30%) MySQL
3 88 (6.63%) PostgreSQL
4 86 (6.48%) NoSQL
5 85 (6.40%) Relational Database
6 65 (4.89%) MongoDB
7 46 (3.46%) Big Data
8 40 (3.01%) Oracle Database
9 30 (2.26%) Power BI
10 29 (2.18%) Amazon RDS
11 28 (2.11%) Redis
12 24 (1.81%) Apache Cassandra
13 22 (1.66%) Oracle Database 11g
14 21 (1.58%) Data Warehouse
14 21 (1.58%) RDBMS
15 13 (0.98%) Azure SQL Database
15 13 (0.98%) DB2
15 13 (0.98%) Oracle Database 12c
15 13 (0.98%) Oracle ODI
16 12 (0.90%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 309 (23.27%) Git (software)
2 231 (17.39%) Jenkins
3 145 (10.92%) JIRA
4 123 (9.26%) Selenium
5 110 (8.28%) Maven
6 109 (8.21%) JUnit
7 101 (7.61%) Cucumber
8 75 (5.65%) Gradle
9 66 (4.97%) Mockito
10 60 (4.52%) Postman
11 59 (4.44%) GitLab
12 51 (3.84%) Jasmine
12 51 (3.84%) SoapUI
13 42 (3.16%) Bitbucket
14 41 (3.09%) WebDriver
15 40 (3.01%) Eclipse
16 39 (2.94%) Team Foundation Server
16 39 (2.94%) Xcode
17 36 (2.71%) SonarQube
18 34 (2.56%) Subversion
General
1 200 (15.06%) Finance
2 125 (9.41%) Public Sector
3 86 (6.48%) Banking
4 49 (3.69%) Marketing
5 44 (3.31%) Retail
6 40 (3.01%) Front Office
7 30 (2.26%) Telecoms
8 19 (1.43%) Manufacturing
9 18 (1.36%) Law
10 14 (1.05%) Back Office
11 12 (0.90%) Financial Institution
12 11 (0.83%) Electronics
12 11 (0.83%) Games
12 11 (0.83%) Investment Banking
12 11 (0.83%) Retail Banking
13 7 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
14 5 (0.38%) Advertising
14 5 (0.38%) Local Government
14 5 (0.38%) Publishing
15 4 (0.30%) Legal
Job Titles
1 835 (62.88%) Developer
2 244 (18.37%) Java Developer
3 145 (10.92%) Architect
4 93 (7.00%) Senior Developer
5 72 (5.42%) .NET Developer
6 66 (4.97%) C# Developer
7 65 (4.89%) Angular Developer
7 65 (4.89%) React Developer
8 60 (4.52%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 48 (3.61%) Full Stack Developer
9 48 (3.61%) Salesforce Developer
10 47 (3.54%) Backend Developer
11 46 (3.46%) JavaScript Developer
12 43 (3.24%) AWS Developer
13 42 (3.16%) Software Engineer
14 40 (3.01%) Analyst
15 39 (2.94%) Solutions Architect
16 36 (2.71%) Designer
16 36 (2.71%) iOS Developer
17 35 (2.64%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 457 (34.41%) Web Services
2 455 (34.26%) SOAP
3 305 (22.97%) JSON
4 275 (20.71%) XML
5 267 (20.11%) Spring
6 263 (19.80%) AngularJS
7 230 (17.32%) HTML
8 205 (15.44%) CSS
9 177 (13.33%) .NET
10 169 (12.73%) Spring Boot
11 166 (12.50%) React
12 157 (11.82%) Node.js
13 108 (8.13%) HTML5
14 80 (6.02%) Swagger
15 78 (5.87%) .NET Framework
16 77 (5.80%) RESTful
17 72 (5.42%) Hibernate
18 66 (4.97%) Middleware
19 65 (4.89%) Kafka
20 60 (4.52%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 110 (8.28%) User Experience
2 91 (6.85%) Analytical Skills
3 72 (5.42%) Greenfield Project
4 56 (4.22%) Mobile App
5 46 (3.46%) Enterprise Software
6 32 (2.41%) Algorithms
7 29 (2.18%) PKI
8 25 (1.88%) Data Structures
9 24 (1.81%) Cloud Native
10 22 (1.66%) Public Cloud
11 16 (1.20%) Self-Motivation
12 13 (0.98%) Fixed Income
13 12 (0.90%) Data Centre
14 10 (0.75%) iPad
14 10 (0.75%) Management Information System
14 10 (0.75%) N-Tier
15 8 (0.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 8 (0.60%) Private Cloud
15 8 (0.60%) Replication
15 8 (0.60%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 150 (11.30%) Linux
2 78 (5.87%) Unix
2 78 (5.87%) Windows
3 54 (4.07%) Apple iOS
4 48 (3.61%) Android
5 34 (2.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 26 (1.96%) Windows Server
7 12 (0.90%) Mac OS X
8 11 (0.83%) CentOS
9 9 (0.68%) Oracle Linux
9 9 (0.68%) Ubuntu
10 7 (0.53%) Solaris
11 6 (0.45%) Amazon Linux
12 4 (0.30%) Mac OS
13 3 (0.23%) Windows 10
13 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2016
14 2 (0.15%) Debian
14 2 (0.15%) VMS
15 1 (0.075%) HPUX
15 1 (0.075%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 641 (48.27%) Agile Software Development
2 376 (28.31%) Microservices
3 303 (22.82%) DevOps
4 237 (17.85%) TDD
5 210 (15.81%) Test Automation
6 203 (15.29%) Scrum
7 189 (14.23%) BDD
8 144 (10.84%) Continuous Integration
9 122 (9.19%) Unit Testing
10 118 (8.89%) Front End Development
11 115 (8.66%) Software Engineering
12 114 (8.58%) Open Source
12 114 (8.58%) SOA
13 106 (7.98%) Problem-Solving
14 102 (7.68%) Pair Programming
15 82 (6.17%) Web Development
16 79 (5.95%) API Design
17 77 (5.80%) SDLC
18 76 (5.72%) MVC
19 72 (5.42%) OO
Programming Languages
1 607 (45.71%) Java
2 382 (28.77%) JavaScript
3 327 (24.62%) SQL
4 208 (15.66%) C#
5 183 (13.78%) Python
6 157 (11.82%) Java 8
7 112 (8.43%) TypeScript
8 69 (5.20%) Shell Script
9 68 (5.12%) PHP
10 66 (4.97%) PL/SQL
11 48 (3.61%) PowerShell
12 45 (3.39%) T-SQL
13 41 (3.09%) Perl
14 38 (2.86%) Groovy
15 36 (2.71%) Apex Code
16 33 (2.48%) Scala
17 32 (2.41%) Bash Shell
18 31 (2.33%) Apple Swift
19 29 (2.18%) ES6
20 27 (2.03%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 233 (17.55%) Security Cleared
2 204 (15.36%) SC Cleared
3 59 (4.44%) Degree
4 42 (3.16%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (2.11%) DV Cleared
6 12 (0.90%) BPSS Clearance
7 8 (0.60%) DBS Check
7 8 (0.60%) Master's Degree
8 7 (0.53%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.45%) Cisco Certification
9 6 (0.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 5 (0.38%) CCNA
10 5 (0.38%) CCNP
10 5 (0.38%) ISEB
11 4 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
12 3 (0.23%) SANS
13 2 (0.15%) CSPO
13 2 (0.15%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 2 (0.15%) OCP
13 2 (0.15%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 80 (6.02%) QA
2 8 (0.60%) Data Quality
2 8 (0.60%) GDPR
2 8 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 5 (0.38%) GxP
3 5 (0.38%) WCAG
4 4 (0.30%) MiFID
4 4 (0.30%) RMADS
5 3 (0.23%) Government Security Classifications
5 3 (0.23%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.23%) NCSC
5 3 (0.23%) PMO
5 3 (0.23%) SLA
6 2 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.15%) HL7
6 2 (0.15%) PSD2
7 1 (0.075%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 270 (20.33%) Docker
2 45 (3.39%) Active Directory
3 13 (0.98%) VMware ESXi
4 11 (0.83%) Postfix
5 10 (0.75%) NFS
6 8 (0.60%) Oracle RAC
6 8 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
7 7 (0.53%) OpenAM
7 7 (0.53%) OpenDJ
7 7 (0.53%) vSphere
8 6 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (0.30%) NDS
9 4 (0.30%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 2 (0.15%) GFS2
10 2 (0.15%) LXC
10 2 (0.15%) Samba
10 2 (0.15%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.075%) HDFS
11 1 (0.075%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 168 (12.65%) Kubernetes
2 61 (4.59%) Terraform
3 52 (3.92%) Ansible
4 25 (1.88%) Amdocs OSS
4 25 (1.88%) Netcool
4 25 (1.88%) Netcool/OMNIbus
5 17 (1.28%) Single Sign-On
6 15 (1.13%) vCenter Server
7 14 (1.05%) Opscode Chef
8 11 (0.83%) Puppet
9 10 (0.75%) Data Guard
9 10 (0.75%) Oracle RMAN
10 8 (0.60%) Kibana
11 7 (0.53%) Docker Swarm
11 7 (0.53%) Grafana
12 6 (0.45%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 6 (0.45%) Packer
12 6 (0.45%) PowerCLI
12 6 (0.45%) ZABBIX
13 5 (0.38%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 176 (13.25%) Oracle
2 103 (7.76%) Microsoft
3 71 (5.35%) Salesforce.com
4 56 (4.22%) Red Hat
5 49 (3.69%) Google
6 45 (3.39%) IBM
7 43 (3.24%) ServiceNow
8 40 (3.01%) MuleSoft
9 38 (2.86%) Dell
10 36 (2.71%) SAP
11 34 (2.56%) Cisco
12 28 (2.11%) Splunk
13 27 (2.03%) Siebel
13 27 (2.03%) VMware
14 26 (1.96%) Remedy
15 25 (1.88%) BMC
15 25 (1.88%) Cramer
15 25 (1.88%) xMatters
16 21 (1.58%) Atlassian
17 20 (1.51%) AppDynamics