Period
to 26 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 26 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 60 74 57
Rank change year-on-year +14 -17 -1
Contract jobs citing REST 1,031 2,327 3,949
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.73% 3.02% 4.18%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.85% 9.72% 11.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 750 1,600 2,860
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £356 £363 £363
90th Percentile £655 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 22 27
Median hourly rate £35.00 £51.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -31.37% +13.33% -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -30.00% +11.11% -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 8,701 23,946 33,426
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.52% 31.12% 35.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,887 16,860 23,825
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £338 £325
90th Percentile £681 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £488 £495 £475
% change year-on-year -1.52% +4.21% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 119 237 299
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.61
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +2.14% +4.03%
10th Percentile £25.00 £18.83 £17.00
90th Percentile £57.80 £73.75 £57.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.53
% change year-on-year -17.65% +2.34% +3.83%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 26 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 26 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 26 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +10 626 £520 -4.15% 231
North of England +57 169 £470 +7.43% 95
South East -4 83 £475 +5.56% 86
North West +56 77 £448 +2.49% 51
Yorkshire +41 66 £470 +4.44% 32
Midlands +25 54 £478 +12.35% 57
South West +49 52 £413 -8.33% 46
West Midlands +7 31 £450 -2.70% 32
North East +28 25 £513 +20.59% 12
East Midlands +27 23 £485 +25.16% 25
East of England +45 20 £473 +5.00% 31
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 26 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 549 (53.25%) Agile Software Development
2 502 (48.69%) Java
3 313 (30.36%) JavaScript
4 298 (28.90%) Git (software)
4 298 (28.90%) Jenkins
5 297 (28.81%) Microservices
6 284 (27.55%) DevOps
7 262 (25.41%) AWS
8 256 (24.83%) SOAP
9 253 (24.54%) Web Services
10 252 (24.44%) Spring
11 237 (22.99%) HTML
11 237 (22.99%) Test Automation
12 228 (22.11%) JSON
13 225 (21.82%) SQL
14 223 (21.63%) Python
15 212 (20.56%) Scrum
16 201 (19.50%) CSS
17 192 (18.62%) Finance
18 189 (18.33%) TDD
19 186 (18.04%) Docker
20 180 (17.46%) Security Cleared
21 175 (16.97%) Node.js
22 171 (16.59%) Azure
23 166 (16.10%) JIRA
23 166 (16.10%) Spring Boot
24 164 (15.91%) BDD
25 160 (15.52%) Linux
26 159 (15.42%) C#
27 157 (15.23%) AngularJS

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 116 (11.25%) Confluence
2 70 (6.79%) Mule
3 49 (4.75%) Red Hat Fuse
4 48 (4.66%) Apache
5 38 (3.69%) Tomcat
6 36 (3.49%) Cloud Foundry
7 34 (3.30%) SharePoint
8 29 (2.81%) Elasticsearch
8 29 (2.81%) JBoss
9 25 (2.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 22 (2.13%) NServiceBus
11 19 (1.84%) WebSphere
12 18 (1.75%) CMS
13 17 (1.65%) WebLogic
14 14 (1.36%) WebSphere Application Server
15 13 (1.26%) IIS
16 10 (0.97%) nginx
17 8 (0.78%) Anypoint
17 8 (0.78%) BizTalk Server
18 7 (0.68%) MQSeries
Applications
1 13 (1.26%) MS Visio
2 9 (0.87%) Photoshop
3 8 (0.78%) Figma
4 7 (0.68%) Zeplin
5 6 (0.58%) Adobe Illustrator
6 4 (0.39%) Sketch
7 3 (0.29%) Adobe XD
7 3 (0.29%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Excel
8 2 (0.19%) SPSS
9 1 (0.097%) InfoPath
9 1 (0.097%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 15 (1.45%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.87%) Oracle ERP
3 7 (0.68%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 5 (0.48%) Dynamics AX
4 5 (0.48%) Dynamics NAV
5 4 (0.39%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.39%) Payment Gateway
6 3 (0.29%) Magento
6 3 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.29%) Oracle Utilities
6 3 (0.29%) Shopify
7 2 (0.19%) Aligne
7 2 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.19%) Orchestrade
7 2 (0.19%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.097%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.097%) Exstream
8 1 (0.097%) Markit EDM
8 1 (0.097%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.097%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 262 (25.41%) AWS
2 171 (16.59%) Azure
3 124 (12.03%) GitHub
4 58 (5.63%) Slack
5 54 (5.24%) PaaS
6 51 (4.95%) Serverless
7 47 (4.56%) GCP
8 40 (3.88%) SaaS
9 38 (3.69%) AWS CloudFormation
9 38 (3.69%) IaaS
10 31 (3.01%) Amazon EKS
11 30 (2.91%) AWS Lambda
12 29 (2.81%) Amazon EC2
13 27 (2.62%) npm
14 25 (2.42%) Amazon ECS
14 25 (2.42%) Power Platform
15 23 (2.23%) Amazon S3
16 20 (1.94%) OpenShift
17 17 (1.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 17 (1.65%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 61 (5.92%) HTTP
2 37 (3.59%) Firewall
3 24 (2.33%) TCP/IP
4 23 (2.23%) SSL
5 22 (2.13%) Reverse Proxy
6 20 (1.94%) DNS
7 15 (1.45%) VLAN
8 14 (1.36%) SNMP
9 8 (0.78%) FTP
9 8 (0.78%) Intranet
10 7 (0.68%) SSH
11 5 (0.48%) Internet
11 5 (0.48%) Skype
11 5 (0.48%) VPN
12 4 (0.39%) AMQP
12 4 (0.39%) DVB
12 4 (0.39%) HTTPS
12 4 (0.39%) WAN
13 3 (0.29%) DHCP
13 3 (0.29%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 102 (9.89%) SQL Server
2 92 (8.92%) NoSQL
3 81 (7.86%) Relational Database
4 77 (7.47%) MongoDB
5 64 (6.21%) PostgreSQL
6 59 (5.72%) MySQL
7 27 (2.62%) Data Warehouse
8 23 (2.23%) Power BI
9 22 (2.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 22 (2.13%) Oracle Database
10 20 (1.94%) Hadoop
11 18 (1.75%) RDBMS
12 17 (1.65%) Big Data
12 17 (1.65%) Redis
13 16 (1.55%) Amazon RDS
13 16 (1.55%) Cosmos DB
14 15 (1.45%) Apache Cassandra
14 15 (1.45%) Oracle Database 11g
15 12 (1.16%) Oracle Database 12c
16 10 (0.97%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 298 (28.90%) Git (software)
1 298 (28.90%) Jenkins
2 166 (16.10%) JIRA
3 118 (11.45%) Maven
4 114 (11.06%) Selenium
5 112 (10.86%) JUnit
6 100 (9.70%) Cucumber
7 78 (7.57%) GitLab
8 69 (6.69%) Sonatype Nexus
9 65 (6.30%) Mockito
10 45 (4.36%) Xcode
11 42 (4.07%) Subversion
12 39 (3.78%) Android Studio
12 39 (3.78%) CocoaPods
12 39 (3.78%) WebDriver
13 38 (3.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 36 (3.49%) Jasmine
15 31 (3.01%) Gradle
16 30 (2.91%) IntelliJ
17 25 (2.42%) Cypress.io
General
1 192 (18.62%) Finance
2 148 (14.35%) Banking
3 61 (5.92%) Public Sector
4 43 (4.17%) Investment Banking
5 38 (3.69%) Front Office
6 29 (2.81%) Marketing
7 17 (1.65%) Telecoms
8 16 (1.55%) Retail
9 11 (1.07%) Back Office
9 11 (1.07%) Games
10 10 (0.97%) Manufacturing
11 9 (0.87%) Retail Banking
12 8 (0.78%) Financial Institution
13 6 (0.58%) Advertising
13 6 (0.58%) Law
14 5 (0.48%) Electronics
14 5 (0.48%) French Language
15 3 (0.29%) Legal
15 3 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
15 3 (0.29%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 606 (58.78%) Developer
2 168 (16.29%) Java Developer
3 100 (9.70%) Architect
4 77 (7.47%) Senior Developer
5 66 (6.40%) Full Stack Developer
6 55 (5.33%) .NET Developer
7 47 (4.56%) DevOps Engineer
8 42 (4.07%) Python Developer
8 42 (4.07%) Solutions Architect
9 41 (3.98%) Consultant
10 40 (3.88%) Angular Developer
11 38 (3.69%) Senior Java Developer
12 36 (3.49%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 33 (3.20%) C# Developer
13 33 (3.20%) Tester
14 32 (3.10%) AWS Developer
14 32 (3.10%) JavaScript Developer
14 32 (3.10%) React Developer
14 32 (3.10%) SQL Developer
15 26 (2.52%) Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 256 (24.83%) SOAP
2 253 (24.54%) Web Services
3 252 (24.44%) Spring
4 237 (22.99%) HTML
5 228 (22.11%) JSON
6 201 (19.50%) CSS
7 175 (16.97%) Node.js
8 166 (16.10%) Spring Boot
9 157 (15.23%) AngularJS
10 148 (14.35%) .NET
11 131 (12.71%) XML
12 125 (12.12%) React
13 107 (10.38%) HTML5
14 75 (7.27%) Middleware
15 70 (6.79%) Apache Camel
16 66 (6.40%) jQuery
17 61 (5.92%) .NET Framework
18 58 (5.63%) Kafka
18 58 (5.63%) Redux
19 53 (5.14%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 94 (9.12%) Mobile App
2 79 (7.66%) User Experience
3 46 (4.46%) Analytical Skills
4 44 (4.27%) Enterprise Software
5 20 (1.94%) Cloud Native
5 20 (1.94%) Clustering
6 17 (1.65%) Data Structures
7 16 (1.55%) Algorithms
8 15 (1.45%) Fixed Income
9 14 (1.36%) Public Cloud
10 13 (1.26%) Greenfield Project
11 12 (1.16%) PKI
12 10 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
13 9 (0.87%) CMDB
14 8 (0.78%) Derivative
14 8 (0.78%) Management Information System
14 8 (0.78%) Self-Motivation
14 8 (0.78%) Virtual Team
15 7 (0.68%) Data Centre
15 7 (0.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 160 (15.52%) Linux
2 86 (8.34%) Android
3 85 (8.24%) Apple iOS
4 73 (7.08%) Windows
5 39 (3.78%) Unix
6 28 (2.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 20 (1.94%) CentOS
8 18 (1.75%) Windows Server 2016
9 16 (1.55%) Mac OS X
9 16 (1.55%) Windows Server
10 14 (1.36%) Windows 10
11 4 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.29%) Debian
13 2 (0.19%) Oracle Linux
13 2 (0.19%) Ubuntu
14 1 (0.097%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 549 (53.25%) Agile Software Development
2 297 (28.81%) Microservices
3 284 (27.55%) DevOps
4 237 (22.99%) Test Automation
5 212 (20.56%) Scrum
6 189 (18.33%) TDD
7 164 (15.91%) BDD
8 145 (14.06%) Continuous Integration
9 106 (10.28%) Open Source
10 104 (10.09%) Kanban
11 101 (9.80%) Pair Programming
12 98 (9.51%) Software Engineering
13 87 (8.44%) Unit Testing
14 83 (8.05%) OO
15 76 (7.37%) API Development
16 71 (6.89%) Continuous Delivery
17 65 (6.30%) Scaled Agile Framework
18 61 (5.92%) Problem-Solving
18 61 (5.92%) SDLC
18 61 (5.92%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 502 (48.69%) Java
2 313 (30.36%) JavaScript
3 225 (21.82%) SQL
4 223 (21.63%) Python
5 159 (15.42%) C#
6 123 (11.93%) Java 8
7 82 (7.95%) PowerShell
8 61 (5.92%) Bash Shell
9 57 (5.53%) Apple Swift
9 57 (5.53%) Kotlin
10 54 (5.24%) TypeScript
11 39 (3.78%) Go
12 33 (3.20%) C
13 32 (3.10%) PL/SQL
14 30 (2.91%) PHP
15 28 (2.72%) Shell Script
16 21 (2.04%) C++
16 21 (2.04%) ES6
17 20 (1.94%) Scala
18 19 (1.84%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 180 (17.46%) Security Cleared
2 156 (15.13%) SC Cleared
3 39 (3.78%) Degree
4 22 (2.13%) DV Cleared
5 19 (1.84%) Computer Science Degree
6 13 (1.26%) ISTQB
7 10 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
8 9 (0.87%) Master's Degree
8 9 (0.87%) TOGAF Certification
9 8 (0.78%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 6 (0.58%) ISEB
11 3 (0.29%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.29%) CISSP
12 2 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
12 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.19%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 1 (0.097%) CISM
13 1 (0.097%) MCP
13 1 (0.097%) Oracle Certification
13 1 (0.097%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 77 (7.47%) QA
2 7 (0.68%) WCAG
3 5 (0.48%) MiFID
3 5 (0.48%) NIST
4 4 (0.39%) GDPR
4 4 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.39%) PSD2
5 2 (0.19%) ISO 9001
5 2 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.097%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.097%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 1 (0.097%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.097%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.097%) NCSC
6 1 (0.097%) PMO
6 1 (0.097%) SLA
System Software
1 186 (18.04%) Docker
2 36 (3.49%) Active Directory
3 20 (1.94%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (1.55%) vSphere
5 5 (0.48%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.29%) VMware NSX
7 2 (0.19%) NFS
7 2 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.19%) Postfix
7 2 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.097%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
Systems Management
1 119 (11.54%) Kubernetes
2 81 (7.86%) Terraform
3 63 (6.11%) Ansible
4 35 (3.39%) Opscode Chef
5 31 (3.01%) Grafana
6 30 (2.91%) Puppet
7 24 (2.33%) Prometheus
8 14 (1.36%) Packer
8 14 (1.36%) ZABBIX
9 13 (1.26%) Kibana
9 13 (1.26%) Single Sign-On
10 7 (0.68%) PingFederate
11 6 (0.58%) HP Quality Center
12 5 (0.48%) Istio
12 5 (0.48%) PowerCLI
13 4 (0.39%) HP SIM
13 4 (0.39%) Icinga
13 4 (0.39%) Nagios
13 4 (0.39%) Opsview
14 3 (0.29%) Salt
Vendors
1 101 (9.80%) Oracle
2 92 (8.92%) Splunk
3 67 (6.50%) Microsoft
4 54 (5.24%) AppDynamics
5 42 (4.07%) Google
5 42 (4.07%) Salesforce.com
6 34 (3.30%) MuleSoft
7 33 (3.20%) Atlassian
8 26 (2.52%) VMware
9 25 (2.42%) Dell
10 20 (1.94%) ServiceNow
11 19 (1.84%) Red Hat
12 18 (1.75%) IBM
13 16 (1.55%) SAP
14 14 (1.36%) EMC
14 14 (1.36%) Sybase
15 13 (1.26%) Blue Coat
15 13 (1.26%) F5
16 11 (1.07%) TIBCO
17 10 (0.97%) Xamarin