Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 51 67 103
Rank change year-on-year +16 +36 +44
Contract jobs citing REST 3593 3247 2276
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.83% 3.31% 2.17%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.82% 10.77% 7.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 2521 2352 1674
England median daily rate £475 £450 £436
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +3.15% +9.06%
10th Percentile £345 £320 £307
90th Percentile £625 £588 £590
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £430
% change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +7.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 39 13 26
England median hourly rate £45.00 £31.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% -16.00% +7.14%
10th Percentile £28.88 £19.77 £34.57
90th Percentile £52.50 £39.90 £56.13
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £31.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +42.86% -16.00% -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30396 30149 30253
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.38% 30.72% 28.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 21638 21071 20980
England median daily rate £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 364 348 499
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +9.49%
10th Percentile £18.58 £14.50 £14.91
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 2128 £500 +5.26% 166
South East +26 649 £428 -2.29% 49
North of England +29 296 £425 - 59
Midlands 0 177 £400 - 18
East of England -6 167 £425 +6.25% 31
South West -1 160 £375 +7.14% 22
North West +36 153 £421 +5.13% 43
West Midlands +6 119 £488 +17.47% 8
Yorkshire -12 119 £450 +4.65% 14
East Midlands -4 56 £375 +2.74% 10
North East +46 29 £450 +1.41% 2
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 2045 (56.92%) Agile Software Development
2 2018 (56.16%) Java
3 1271 (35.37%) JavaScript
4 1266 (35.24%) TDD
5 1262 (35.12%) Web Services
6 1105 (30.75%) SOAP
7 1069 (29.75%) HTML
8 986 (27.44%) Spring
9 963 (26.80%) Git (software)
10 913 (25.41%) Scrum
11 908 (25.27%) CSS
12 877 (24.41%) JSON
13 845 (23.52%) Microservices
14 778 (21.65%) SQL
15 748 (20.82%) Jenkins
16 728 (20.26%) Continuous Integration
17 700 (19.48%) AngularJS
18 692 (19.26%) Test Automation
19 670 (18.65%) Finance
20 651 (18.12%) BDD
21 645 (17.95%) Linux
22 644 (17.92%) MVC
23 621 (17.28%) .NET
24 605 (16.84%) C#
25 604 (16.81%) XML
26 594 (16.53%) HTML5
26 594 (16.53%) JIRA
27 544 (15.14%) Amazon AWS
28 492 (13.69%) Docker
29 474 (13.19%) Node.js

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 391 (10.88%) Confluence
2 187 (5.20%) Apache
3 169 (4.70%) Apache Spark
4 167 (4.65%) Elasticsearch
4 167 (4.65%) JBoss
5 162 (4.51%) Tomcat
6 115 (3.20%) Apache Solr
7 99 (2.76%) WebSphere
8 83 (2.31%) WebLogic
9 71 (1.98%) CMS
9 71 (1.98%) SharePoint
10 55 (1.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 53 (1.48%) WildFly
12 46 (1.28%) Cloud Foundry
13 45 (1.25%) IIS
14 44 (1.22%) Mule
15 38 (1.06%) Drupal
16 37 (1.03%) WebSphere Application Server
17 28 (0.78%) nginx
18 23 (0.64%) MQSeries
Applications
1 37 (1.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (0.67%) MS Visio
3 13 (0.36%) Chatbot
3 13 (0.36%) Photoshop
4 8 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
5 6 (0.17%) InfoPath
5 6 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.056%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.056%) Fireworks
7 2 (0.056%) OmniGraffle
7 2 (0.056%) SPSS
8 1 (0.028%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 23 (0.64%) Oracle BPM
2 20 (0.56%) Dynamics CRM
3 9 (0.25%) Magento
4 7 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
5 6 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
7 4 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
7 4 (0.11%) RMDS
8 3 (0.083%) Radian6
8 3 (0.083%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 3 (0.083%) Social Studio
9 2 (0.056%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 2 (0.056%) Cognos TM1
9 2 (0.056%) Dynamics AX
9 2 (0.056%) Maximo
9 2 (0.056%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.056%) SDL Web 8
10 1 (0.028%) Oracle 11i
10 1 (0.028%) Oracle EBS R12
10 1 (0.028%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 544 (15.14%) Amazon AWS
2 248 (6.90%) Microsoft Azure
3 191 (5.32%) GitHub
4 104 (2.89%) SaaS
5 88 (2.45%) PaaS
6 57 (1.59%) Amazon EC2
7 56 (1.56%) Amazon S3
8 55 (1.53%) Slack
9 53 (1.48%) IaaS
10 51 (1.42%) npm
11 42 (1.17%) Serverless
12 36 (1.00%) Cloud Computing
12 36 (1.00%) Heroku
13 33 (0.92%) Office 365
14 30 (0.83%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 28 (0.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 25 (0.70%) OpenShift
17 22 (0.61%) AWS Lambda
18 21 (0.58%) Salesforce Service Cloud
19 19 (0.53%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 259 (7.21%) HTTP
2 111 (3.09%) Internet
3 91 (2.53%) Kerberos
4 67 (1.86%) TCP/IP
5 57 (1.59%) SSL
6 53 (1.48%) LDAP
7 31 (0.86%) SMS
8 26 (0.72%) DNS
9 24 (0.67%) Intranet
10 22 (0.61%) Bluetooth
11 19 (0.53%) SSH
12 16 (0.45%) DSL
12 16 (0.45%) Wi-Fi
13 15 (0.42%) AMQP
13 15 (0.42%) Firewall
13 15 (0.42%) LAN
13 15 (0.42%) OpenLDAP
14 14 (0.39%) OpenVPN
15 11 (0.31%) WAN
16 10 (0.28%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 433 (12.05%) NoSQL
2 379 (10.55%) SQL Server
3 360 (10.02%) Relational Database
4 332 (9.24%) MongoDB
5 314 (8.74%) PostgreSQL
6 292 (8.13%) MySQL
7 268 (7.46%) Big Data
8 258 (7.18%) Hadoop
9 197 (5.48%) HBase
10 160 (4.45%) RDBMS
11 121 (3.37%) Apache Cassandra
12 76 (2.12%) Oracle Database
13 53 (1.48%) Redis
14 44 (1.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 39 (1.09%) Amazon RDS
16 34 (0.95%) Data Warehouse
17 31 (0.86%) SQL Server 2008
18 29 (0.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 25 (0.70%) SQL Server 2012
20 23 (0.64%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 963 (26.80%) Git (software)
2 748 (20.82%) Jenkins
3 594 (16.53%) JIRA
4 454 (12.64%) Maven
5 444 (12.36%) JUnit
6 345 (9.60%) Cucumber
7 228 (6.35%) Selenium
8 195 (5.43%) Subversion
9 176 (4.90%) Mockito
10 152 (4.23%) IntelliJ
11 151 (4.20%) TeamCity
12 134 (3.73%) Gradle
13 127 (3.53%) Eclipse
14 113 (3.15%) Ant
15 111 (3.09%) Jasmine
16 103 (2.87%) Bitbucket
17 98 (2.73%) SonarQube
18 94 (2.62%) Visual Studio
19 84 (2.34%) Team Foundation Server
19 84 (2.34%) Vagrant
General
1 670 (18.65%) Finance
2 380 (10.58%) Banking
3 118 (3.28%) Retail
4 117 (3.26%) Telecoms
5 105 (2.92%) Marketing
6 78 (2.17%) Investment Banking
7 71 (1.98%) Games
8 69 (1.92%) Manufacturing
9 62 (1.73%) Front Office
10 54 (1.50%) Electronics
11 37 (1.03%) Legal
12 31 (0.86%) Law
12 31 (0.86%) Publishing
13 17 (0.47%) Retail Banking
14 16 (0.45%) Advertising
15 15 (0.42%) Financial Institution
16 14 (0.39%) Automotive
16 14 (0.39%) Billing
17 13 (0.36%) Corporate Banking
18 12 (0.33%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2478 (68.97%) Developer
2 1060 (29.50%) Java Developer
3 364 (10.13%) Architect
4 263 (7.32%) .NET Developer
5 261 (7.26%) Senior Developer
6 188 (5.23%) JavaScript Developer
7 182 (5.07%) C# Developer
8 160 (4.45%) Agile Developer
9 134 (3.73%) Full Stack Developer
10 133 (3.70%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 133 (3.70%) Scala Developer
11 129 (3.59%) Web Developer
12 125 (3.48%) Senior Java Developer
13 123 (3.42%) Software Engineer
14 116 (3.23%) Angular Developer
15 114 (3.17%) Java Engineer
16 112 (3.12%) C# .NET Developer
17 106 (2.95%) Software Developer
18 101 (2.81%) Python Developer
19 99 (2.76%) Agile Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1262 (35.12%) Web Services
2 1105 (30.75%) SOAP
3 1069 (29.75%) HTML
4 986 (27.44%) Spring
5 908 (25.27%) CSS
6 877 (24.41%) JSON
7 700 (19.48%) AngularJS
8 621 (17.28%) .NET
9 604 (16.81%) XML
10 594 (16.53%) HTML5
11 474 (13.19%) Node.js
12 433 (12.05%) RESTful
13 406 (11.30%) Hibernate
14 397 (11.05%) Spring Boot
15 345 (9.60%) CSS3
16 332 (9.24%) jQuery
17 299 (8.32%) React
18 269 (7.49%) Ajax
18 269 (7.49%) Kafka
19 257 (7.15%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 229 (6.37%) User Experience
2 170 (4.73%) Greenfield Project
3 153 (4.26%) Mobile App
4 132 (3.67%) Computer Science
5 119 (3.31%) Analytical Skills
6 104 (2.89%) Algorithms
7 77 (2.14%) Enterprise Software
7 77 (2.14%) Linux Command Line
8 59 (1.64%) Fintech
9 53 (1.48%) Data Structures
10 40 (1.11%) iPad
11 38 (1.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 37 (1.03%) Virtual Team
13 30 (0.83%) N-Tier
14 28 (0.78%) CMDB
15 26 (0.72%) Equities
15 26 (0.72%) Management Information System
16 23 (0.64%) Data Centre
17 20 (0.56%) PKI
18 19 (0.53%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 645 (17.95%) Linux
2 307 (8.54%) Unix
3 166 (4.62%) Windows
4 160 (4.45%) Android
5 146 (4.06%) Apple iOS
6 81 (2.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 53 (1.48%) VMS
8 35 (0.97%) Mac OS X
9 30 (0.83%) CentOS
10 26 (0.72%) Ubuntu
11 21 (0.58%) HPUX
11 21 (0.58%) Solaris
12 11 (0.31%) Windows Server
13 8 (0.22%) AIX
14 7 (0.19%) CoreOS
15 6 (0.17%) Windows 7
15 6 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
16 5 (0.14%) Mac OS
17 4 (0.11%) Oracle Linux
17 4 (0.11%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 2045 (56.92%) Agile Software Development
2 1266 (35.24%) TDD
3 913 (25.41%) Scrum
4 845 (23.52%) Microservices
5 728 (20.26%) Continuous Integration
6 692 (19.26%) Test Automation
7 651 (18.12%) BDD
8 644 (17.92%) MVC
9 443 (12.33%) DevOps
10 420 (11.69%) OO
11 364 (10.13%) Open Source
12 314 (8.74%) Web Development
13 302 (8.41%) SOA
13 302 (8.41%) Unit Testing
14 283 (7.88%) Software Engineering
15 281 (7.82%) Kanban
16 250 (6.96%) E-Commerce
17 239 (6.65%) Front End Development
18 226 (6.29%) API Development
19 212 (5.90%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2018 (56.16%) Java
2 1271 (35.37%) JavaScript
3 778 (21.65%) SQL
4 605 (16.84%) C#
5 391 (10.88%) Python
6 294 (8.18%) Scala
7 175 (4.87%) Ruby
8 135 (3.76%) Groovy
9 130 (3.62%) PHP
10 111 (3.09%) TypeScript
11 110 (3.06%) ES6
12 108 (3.01%) T-SQL
13 91 (2.53%) PowerShell
14 81 (2.25%) Apple Swift
15 77 (2.14%) Bash Shell
16 70 (1.95%) PL/SQL
17 68 (1.89%) Objective-C
18 53 (1.48%) Go
19 52 (1.45%) XPath
20 49 (1.36%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 284 (7.90%) Security Cleared
2 221 (6.15%) SC Cleared
3 179 (4.98%) Degree
4 66 (1.84%) Computer Science Degree
5 25 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
6 20 (0.56%) Numerate Degree
7 18 (0.50%) ISTQB
8 16 (0.45%) DBS Check
9 13 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
10 10 (0.28%) Master's Degree
11 7 (0.19%) DV Cleared
11 7 (0.19%) PMP
12 6 (0.17%) ISEB
13 4 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
13 4 (0.11%) MCP
13 4 (0.11%) MCSD
14 3 (0.083%) CISSP
14 3 (0.083%) ITIL Certification
14 3 (0.083%) Sun Certification
15 2 (0.056%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 228 (6.35%) QA
2 31 (0.86%) Data Quality
3 12 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
3 12 (0.33%) MiFID
4 11 (0.31%) PCI DSS
4 11 (0.31%) WCAG
5 9 (0.25%) SLA
6 6 (0.17%) GCP
7 4 (0.11%) FedRAMP
7 4 (0.11%) HL7
7 4 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.11%) WAI
8 3 (0.083%) UCITS
9 2 (0.056%) COBIT
9 2 (0.056%) GDPR
10 1 (0.028%) NIST 800
10 1 (0.028%) PMO
10 1 (0.028%) PSD2
System Software
1 492 (13.69%) Docker
2 97 (2.70%) HDFS
3 74 (2.06%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 71 (1.98%) Active Directory
5 28 (0.78%) Virtual Machines
6 18 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
7 16 (0.45%) vCloud
8 14 (0.39%) Postfix
8 14 (0.39%) Squid
9 9 (0.25%) Firmware
9 9 (0.25%) LXC
10 8 (0.22%) oVirt
10 8 (0.22%) RHEV
11 6 (0.17%) vSphere
12 5 (0.14%) Apache Flume
12 5 (0.14%) OpenAM
12 5 (0.14%) OpenIDM
13 4 (0.11%) Varnish
13 4 (0.11%) VirtualBox
13 4 (0.11%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 210 (5.84%) Kubernetes
2 159 (4.43%) Puppet
3 140 (3.90%) Ansible
4 111 (3.09%) Terraform
5 79 (2.20%) Opscode Chef
6 40 (1.11%) Kibana
7 33 (0.92%) Hadoop YARN
8 21 (0.58%) Docker Swarm
9 20 (0.56%) Grafana
10 19 (0.53%) logstash
11 17 (0.47%) Rancher
12 16 (0.45%) ZABBIX
13 14 (0.39%) Rsyslog
13 14 (0.39%) Sysdig
14 11 (0.31%) Oozie
15 10 (0.28%) Graphite
16 8 (0.22%) HP Quality Center
17 7 (0.19%) Business Desktop Deployment
17 7 (0.19%) SCOrch
18 6 (0.17%) Mesos
Vendors
1 402 (11.19%) Oracle
2 305 (8.49%) Microsoft
3 121 (3.37%) IBM
4 97 (2.70%) Google
5 95 (2.64%) SAP
6 73 (2.03%) Salesforce.com
7 67 (1.86%) Red Hat
8 63 (1.75%) ServiceNow
9 51 (1.42%) VMware
10 49 (1.36%) Atlassian
11 43 (1.20%) Sybase
12 42 (1.17%) MuleSoft
13 38 (1.06%) Apigee
14 37 (1.03%) Sitecore
15 34 (0.95%) Apple
15 34 (0.95%) webMethods
16 32 (0.89%) Adobe
17 29 (0.81%) hybris
18 25 (0.70%) ATG
18 25 (0.70%) HP