Period
to 18 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 18 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 62 74 56
Rank change year-on-year +12 -18 0
Contract jobs citing REST 1,217 1,955 3,859
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.60% 2.97% 4.23%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.67% 9.79% 12.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,000 1,356 2,762
Median daily rate £500 £513 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.44% - +7.89%
10th Percentile £360 £363 £363
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 21 24
Median hourly rate £40.00 £52.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.08% +4.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £22.10 £46.00 £38.80
90th Percentile £46.00 £78.75 £66.88
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £52.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year -23.08% +4.00% +11.11%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 10,426 19,966 31,473
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.84% 30.35% 34.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,429 14,205 22,626
Median daily rate £490 £500 £495
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.00% +1.01% +4.21%
10th Percentile £313 £335 £325
90th Percentile £663 £651 £638
UK median daily rate £482 £495 £480
% change year-on-year -2.63% +3.13% +3.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 120 184 242
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £41.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.17% +9.93% +4.61%
10th Percentile £22.10 £17.21 £18.55
90th Percentile £62.03 £78.75 £60.23
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £41.85
% change year-on-year -2.17% +9.93% +4.61%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 18 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 753 £525 -4.55% 316
North of England +45 168 £475 +11.76% 103
South East +27 116 £470 +4.44% 78
Yorkshire +40 79 £450 -4.76% 38
North West +45 68 £473 +14.55% 54
Midlands -16 47 £485 +4.86% 76
South West +19 45 £413 -8.33% 38
East of England +55 34 £500 +5.26% 50
East Midlands +29 24 £485 +31.08% 20
West Midlands -24 24 £438 -7.89% 55
North East +23 21 £513 +25.00% 11
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 596 (48.97%) Agile Software Development
2 581 (47.74%) Java
3 386 (31.72%) JavaScript
4 380 (31.22%) Microservices
5 342 (28.10%) Spring
6 323 (26.54%) Git (software)
7 302 (24.82%) AWS
8 298 (24.49%) Jenkins
9 292 (23.99%) HTML
10 287 (23.58%) Web Services
11 278 (22.84%) DevOps
12 263 (21.61%) SOAP
13 259 (21.28%) SQL
14 253 (20.79%) Node.js
15 243 (19.97%) Docker
15 243 (19.97%) Test Automation
15 243 (19.97%) JSON
16 242 (19.88%) CSS
17 240 (19.72%) Python
18 239 (19.64%) TDD
19 232 (19.06%) Azure
20 229 (18.82%) Scrum
21 227 (18.65%) Finance
22 214 (17.58%) React
23 200 (16.43%) Spring Boot
24 196 (16.11%) .NET
25 193 (15.86%) Kubernetes
26 191 (15.69%) Linux
27 188 (15.45%) Banking
28 180 (14.79%) JIRA

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (10.52%) Confluence
2 93 (7.64%) Mule
3 81 (6.66%) Red Hat Fuse
4 58 (4.77%) Apache
5 48 (3.94%) JBoss
6 42 (3.45%) SharePoint
7 40 (3.29%) Elasticsearch
8 37 (3.04%) Cloud Foundry
9 25 (2.05%) Tomcat
10 21 (1.73%) CMS
11 20 (1.64%) WebSphere
12 18 (1.48%) IIS
13 17 (1.40%) Camunda
13 17 (1.40%) WebLogic
14 16 (1.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 12 (0.99%) nginx
16 11 (0.90%) Anypoint
16 11 (0.90%) BizTalk Server
17 9 (0.74%) WebSphere Application Server
18 8 (0.66%) MQSeries
Applications
1 10 (0.82%) MS Visio
2 7 (0.58%) Figma
3 6 (0.49%) Chatbot
3 6 (0.49%) Photoshop
4 4 (0.33%) Adobe XD
5 3 (0.25%) Zeplin
6 2 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Excel
6 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.16%) Sketch
6 2 (0.16%) SPSS
7 1 (0.082%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 13 (1.07%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.66%) Dynamics NAV
3 6 (0.49%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 5 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
4 5 (0.41%) Magento
5 4 (0.33%) BusinessWorks
5 4 (0.33%) Oracle ERP
5 4 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
6 3 (0.25%) Elite 3E
6 3 (0.25%) Oracle Utilities
6 3 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
7 2 (0.16%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.082%) Exstream
8 1 (0.082%) Markit EDM
8 1 (0.082%) Oracle BRM
8 1 (0.082%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.082%) SAP CRM
8 1 (0.082%) SAP MDM
8 1 (0.082%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 302 (24.82%) AWS
2 232 (19.06%) Azure
3 158 (12.98%) GitHub
4 72 (5.92%) PaaS
5 56 (4.60%) Slack
6 54 (4.44%) Serverless
7 48 (3.94%) GCP
8 43 (3.53%) SaaS
9 42 (3.45%) AWS CloudFormation
9 42 (3.45%) IaaS
10 35 (2.88%) Amazon EKS
11 33 (2.71%) OpenShift
12 28 (2.30%) Amazon ECS
13 27 (2.22%) Power Platform
14 26 (2.14%) AWS Lambda
15 25 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
16 23 (1.89%) Amazon S3
17 20 (1.64%) Amazon EC2
17 20 (1.64%) Apigee
18 18 (1.48%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 66 (5.42%) HTTP
2 32 (2.63%) Firewall
3 25 (2.05%) TCP/IP
4 23 (1.89%) SSL
5 16 (1.31%) DNS
6 15 (1.23%) Internet
7 11 (0.90%) SNMP
7 11 (0.90%) VLAN
8 10 (0.82%) Reverse Proxy
9 9 (0.74%) Intranet
10 8 (0.66%) SSH
11 7 (0.58%) WAN
12 6 (0.49%) AMQP
12 6 (0.49%) FTP
12 6 (0.49%) LAN
12 6 (0.49%) Wireless
13 5 (0.41%) Skype
13 5 (0.41%) SMTP
13 5 (0.41%) Unified Communications
14 4 (0.33%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 123 (10.11%) NoSQL
2 118 (9.70%) SQL Server
3 113 (9.29%) Relational Database
4 101 (8.30%) MongoDB
5 88 (7.23%) PostgreSQL
6 87 (7.15%) MySQL
7 29 (2.38%) Data Warehouse
8 27 (2.22%) RDBMS
9 26 (2.14%) Redis
10 25 (2.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 23 (1.89%) Cosmos DB
12 22 (1.81%) Big Data
13 21 (1.73%) Apache Cassandra
13 21 (1.73%) Power BI
14 20 (1.64%) Oracle Database
15 16 (1.31%) Hadoop
16 12 (0.99%) Oracle Database 11g
17 11 (0.90%) Data Lake
18 10 (0.82%) Azure SQL Database
18 10 (0.82%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 323 (26.54%) Git (software)
2 298 (24.49%) Jenkins
3 180 (14.79%) JIRA
4 150 (12.33%) Maven
5 119 (9.78%) JUnit
6 88 (7.23%) Cucumber
7 80 (6.57%) GitLab
8 79 (6.49%) Selenium
9 74 (6.08%) Sonatype Nexus
10 65 (5.34%) Subversion
11 53 (4.35%) Mockito
11 53 (4.35%) Xcode
12 48 (3.94%) Android Studio
13 46 (3.78%) CocoaPods
14 41 (3.37%) IntelliJ
15 39 (3.20%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 34 (2.79%) Gradle
16 34 (2.79%) Visual Studio
17 31 (2.55%) webpack
18 29 (2.38%) SonarQube
General
1 227 (18.65%) Finance
2 188 (15.45%) Banking
3 68 (5.59%) Investment Banking
4 58 (4.77%) Front Office
5 48 (3.94%) Public Sector
6 32 (2.63%) Retail
7 31 (2.55%) Marketing
8 20 (1.64%) Games
8 20 (1.64%) Telecoms
9 10 (0.82%) Back Office
10 9 (0.74%) Retail Banking
11 8 (0.66%) Advertising
11 8 (0.66%) Pharmaceutical
12 7 (0.58%) Law
13 6 (0.49%) Financial Institution
14 5 (0.41%) Manufacturing
15 4 (0.33%) Automotive
15 4 (0.33%) Local Government
16 3 (0.25%) Legal
17 2 (0.16%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 735 (60.39%) Developer
2 234 (19.23%) Java Developer
3 125 (10.27%) Architect
4 119 (9.78%) Full Stack Developer
5 118 (9.70%) Senior Developer
6 76 (6.24%) React Developer
7 71 (5.83%) Senior Java Developer
8 68 (5.59%) .NET Developer
9 58 (4.77%) Solutions Architect
10 56 (4.60%) DevOps Engineer
11 47 (3.86%) Angular Developer
12 43 (3.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 40 (3.29%) Software Engineer
14 39 (3.20%) AWS Developer
14 39 (3.20%) Consultant
15 37 (3.04%) iOS Developer
16 35 (2.88%) Python Developer
17 34 (2.79%) C# Developer
17 34 (2.79%) JavaScript Developer
18 33 (2.71%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 342 (28.10%) Spring
2 292 (23.99%) HTML
3 287 (23.58%) Web Services
4 263 (21.61%) SOAP
5 253 (20.79%) Node.js
6 243 (19.97%) JSON
7 242 (19.88%) CSS
8 214 (17.58%) React
9 200 (16.43%) Spring Boot
10 196 (16.11%) .NET
11 179 (14.71%) AngularJS
12 142 (11.67%) XML
13 139 (11.42%) HTML5
14 121 (9.94%) Middleware
15 102 (8.38%) Apache Camel
16 90 (7.40%) Hibernate
17 83 (6.82%) Redux
18 78 (6.41%) Kafka
19 77 (6.33%) jQuery
20 67 (5.51%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 102 (8.38%) Mobile App
2 76 (6.24%) User Experience
3 63 (5.18%) Analytical Skills
4 49 (4.03%) Enterprise Software
5 42 (3.45%) Clustering
6 38 (3.12%) Greenfield Project
7 22 (1.81%) Cloud Native
8 20 (1.64%) Fixed Income
8 20 (1.64%) Public Cloud
9 19 (1.56%) Algorithms
10 16 (1.31%) Data Structures
11 15 (1.23%) Management Information System
12 14 (1.15%) Enterprise Cloud
13 13 (1.07%) Private Cloud
14 12 (0.99%) iPad
14 12 (0.99%) iPhone
14 12 (0.99%) Virtual Team
15 11 (0.90%) Self-Motivation
16 7 (0.58%) Acoustics
16 7 (0.58%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 191 (15.69%) Linux
2 110 (9.04%) Android
3 109 (8.96%) Apple iOS
4 86 (7.07%) Windows
5 58 (4.77%) Unix
6 28 (2.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 18 (1.48%) Mac OS X
8 16 (1.31%) CentOS
8 16 (1.31%) Windows Server
9 15 (1.23%) Windows Server 2016
10 10 (0.82%) Windows 10
11 5 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.25%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.16%) Debian
13 2 (0.16%) Ubuntu
14 1 (0.082%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 596 (48.97%) Agile Software Development
2 380 (31.22%) Microservices
3 278 (22.84%) DevOps
4 243 (19.97%) Test Automation
5 239 (19.64%) TDD
6 229 (18.82%) Scrum
7 169 (13.89%) Continuous Integration
8 167 (13.72%) BDD
9 130 (10.68%) Software Engineering
10 119 (9.78%) OO
11 116 (9.53%) Open Source
12 109 (8.96%) Kanban
13 101 (8.30%) API Development
14 90 (7.40%) SDLC
15 89 (7.31%) Problem-Solving
16 87 (7.15%) SOA
17 83 (6.82%) Front End Development
18 81 (6.66%) Scaled Agile Framework
19 80 (6.57%) Continuous Delivery
20 78 (6.41%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 581 (47.74%) Java
2 386 (31.72%) JavaScript
3 259 (21.28%) SQL
4 240 (19.72%) Python
5 165 (13.56%) Java 8
6 163 (13.39%) C#
7 83 (6.82%) Kotlin
8 77 (6.33%) Apple Swift
8 77 (6.33%) TypeScript
9 76 (6.24%) PowerShell
10 60 (4.93%) Bash Shell
11 54 (4.44%) ES6
12 52 (4.27%) Go
13 39 (3.20%) C++
14 30 (2.47%) PHP
14 30 (2.47%) PL/SQL
15 25 (2.05%) C
15 25 (2.05%) Scala
16 24 (1.97%) Groovy
16 24 (1.97%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 137 (11.26%) Security Cleared
2 115 (9.45%) SC Cleared
3 49 (4.03%) Degree
4 23 (1.89%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (1.23%) Master's Degree
6 14 (1.15%) ISTQB
7 11 (0.90%) DV Cleared
8 8 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
8 8 (0.66%) TOGAF Certification
9 6 (0.49%) ISEB
9 6 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 5 (0.41%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.41%) Cisco Certification
11 3 (0.25%) CCNA
11 3 (0.25%) CCNP
11 3 (0.25%) CISSP
11 3 (0.25%) DBS Check
11 3 (0.25%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.16%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 67 (5.51%) QA
2 15 (1.23%) NIST
3 7 (0.58%) MiFID
4 5 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.41%) WCAG
5 4 (0.33%) GDPR
6 2 (0.16%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.16%) ISO 9001
6 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.082%) PMO
7 1 (0.082%) SLA
System Software
1 243 (19.97%) Docker
2 40 (3.29%) Active Directory
3 18 (1.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (1.23%) Hyper-V
5 10 (0.82%) vSphere
6 6 (0.49%) VMware NSX
7 4 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.25%) Postfix
9 2 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.16%) KVM
9 2 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
10 1 (0.082%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
Systems Management
1 193 (15.86%) Kubernetes
2 117 (9.61%) Terraform
3 70 (5.75%) Ansible
4 38 (3.12%) Opscode Chef
5 34 (2.79%) Puppet
6 28 (2.30%) Grafana
7 23 (1.89%) Prometheus
8 14 (1.15%) Kibana
9 10 (0.82%) Packer
9 10 (0.82%) Single Sign-On
9 10 (0.82%) ZABBIX
10 8 (0.66%) CloudHub
11 7 (0.58%) PowerCLI
12 6 (0.49%) PingFederate
13 5 (0.41%) Consul
13 5 (0.41%) logstash
13 5 (0.41%) Salt
14 4 (0.33%) HP SIM
14 4 (0.33%) Icinga
14 4 (0.33%) Opsview
Vendors
1 107 (8.79%) Oracle
2 80 (6.57%) Splunk
3 61 (5.01%) Microsoft
4 56 (4.60%) AppDynamics
5 46 (3.78%) Google
5 46 (3.78%) Salesforce.com
6 35 (2.88%) MuleSoft
6 35 (2.88%) VMware
7 32 (2.63%) Atlassian
8 31 (2.55%) Red Hat
9 26 (2.14%) IBM
9 26 (2.14%) ServiceNow
10 22 (1.81%) Sybase
11 20 (1.64%) Dell
12 18 (1.48%) SAP
13 17 (1.40%) TIBCO
14 16 (1.31%) Murex
15 13 (1.07%) Apple
16 11 (0.90%) Cisco
17 10 (0.82%) EMC