Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 17 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
17 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 81 70 72
Rank change year-on-year -11 +2 -10
Contract jobs citing REST 2,066 1,488 1,415
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.94% 3.28% 3.16%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.90% 10.75% 10.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,461 1,069 1,004
10th Percentile £413 £381 £381
25th Percentile £488 £425 £427
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £510 £525
Median % change year-on-year +12.75% -2.86% +5.00%
75th Percentile £675 £625 £600
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £575 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +15.00% -4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 5 20
10th Percentile £46.19 - £45.55
25th Percentile £49.75 £22.10 £46.00
Median hourly rate £63.60 £50.00 £50.25
Median % change year-on-year +27.20% -0.50% +0.50%
75th Percentile £75.51 £52.50 £53.98
90th Percentile £77.50 £53.25 £68.75
UK median hourly rate £63.60 £45.00 £50.50
% change year-on-year +41.33% -10.89% +1.00%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,954 13,845 13,610
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 26.96% 30.56% 30.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,233 9,990 9,752
10th Percentile £400 £344 £338
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £570 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +14.00% - -
75th Percentile £675 £600 £588
90th Percentile £763 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 212 145 122
10th Percentile £22.50 £22.10 £20.50
25th Percentile £35.00 £32.50 £32.56
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £46.46
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -3.14% +3.43%
75th Percentile £67.50 £57.50 £54.92
90th Percentile £76.96 £65.54 £66.00
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £46.41
% change year-on-year +11.11% -3.03% +5.04%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 17 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 17 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 17 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -3 1,377 £600 +12.15% 326
North of England +4 185 £525 +10.53% 85
South East -40 150 £560 +12.00% 61
North West +13 131 £525 +12.90% 55
South West -4 86 £508 +16.17% 27
East of England -2 54 £563 +7.14% 24
Yorkshire -19 47 £500 +5.26% 21
Midlands -28 42 £525 +25.75% 52
West Midlands -27 30 £539 +29.04% 29
East Midlands -14 13 £439 +14.71% 23
North East -9 10 £525 -2.64% 10
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 17 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 998 (48.31%) Agile
2 920 (44.53%) Java
3 761 (36.83%) JavaScript
4 602 (29.14%) CI/CD
5 581 (28.12%) Microservices
6 556 (26.91%) SQL
7 504 (24.39%) Azure
8 491 (23.77%) Git (software)
9 490 (23.72%) Spring
10 488 (23.62%) React
11 485 (23.48%) DevOps
12 476 (23.04%) AWS
13 455 (22.02%) HTML
13 455 (22.02%) SOAP
14 446 (21.59%) Web Services
15 431 (20.86%) Python
16 421 (20.38%) Docker
17 413 (19.99%) JSON
18 406 (19.65%) Test Automation
19 401 (19.41%) TDD
20 385 (18.64%) Jenkins
21 378 (18.30%) CSS
22 367 (17.76%) Kubernetes
23 362 (17.52%) Scrum
24 356 (17.23%) Finance
25 334 (16.17%) Social Skills
26 318 (15.39%) Node.js
27 316 (15.30%) Software Engineering
28 314 (15.20%) Spring Boot
29 305 (14.76%) JIRA

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 175 (8.47%) Confluence
2 59 (2.86%) Tomcat
3 53 (2.57%) CMS
3 53 (2.57%) JBoss
4 52 (2.52%) Elasticsearch
5 50 (2.42%) SharePoint
6 45 (2.18%) Apache
6 45 (2.18%) Cloud Foundry
7 40 (1.94%) Mule
8 35 (1.69%) Red Hat Fuse
9 30 (1.45%) WebSphere
10 26 (1.26%) BizTalk Server
11 24 (1.16%) Apache Spark
12 21 (1.02%) IIS
13 20 (0.97%) Sitecore CMS
14 19 (0.92%) nginx
15 17 (0.82%) WebLogic
16 15 (0.73%) Apache Solr
17 12 (0.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 10 (0.48%) OpenStack
Applications
1 23 (1.11%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (0.92%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
3 7 (0.34%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.24%) InfoPath
5 4 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.15%) Oracle Smart View
7 2 (0.097%) Adobe XD
7 2 (0.097%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.048%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 19 (0.92%) Shopify
2 12 (0.58%) Oracle ERP
2 12 (0.58%) SunGard Martini
3 6 (0.29%) Carpe Diem
3 6 (0.29%) Elite 3E
4 5 (0.24%) assyst
4 5 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
4 5 (0.24%) WebTrends
5 4 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 3 (0.15%) Magento
6 3 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
6 3 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
6 3 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
6 3 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
6 3 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 2 (0.097%) BusinessWorks
7 2 (0.097%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.097%) Oracle EBS R12
7 2 (0.097%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 504 (24.39%) Azure
2 476 (23.04%) AWS
3 240 (11.62%) GitHub
4 154 (7.45%) Serverless
5 111 (5.37%) AWS Lambda
6 110 (5.32%) SaaS
7 99 (4.79%) GCP
8 97 (4.70%) PaaS
9 66 (3.19%) OpenShift
10 51 (2.47%) Power Platform
11 47 (2.27%) IaaS
12 46 (2.23%) Amazon S3
12 46 (2.23%) Amazon SQS
13 45 (2.18%) Azure Monitor
14 42 (2.03%) Cloud Computing
15 39 (1.89%) BrowserStack
16 38 (1.84%) npm
17 37 (1.79%) Amazon EC2
18 32 (1.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 31 (1.50%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 140 (6.78%) HTTP
2 54 (2.61%) Internet
3 40 (1.94%) HTTPS
4 39 (1.89%) TCP/IP
5 34 (1.65%) Firewall
6 21 (1.02%) FTP
7 20 (0.97%) SSL
8 19 (0.92%) DNS
9 16 (0.77%) 5G
10 12 (0.58%) 3G
10 12 (0.58%) 4G
11 9 (0.44%) 2G
11 9 (0.44%) SAN
12 8 (0.39%) Kerberos
12 8 (0.39%) Network Security
13 7 (0.34%) Diameter Protocol
13 7 (0.34%) MQTT
14 6 (0.29%) DMZ
14 6 (0.29%) Intranet
15 5 (0.24%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 263 (12.73%) SQL Server
2 230 (11.13%) NoSQL
3 182 (8.81%) PostgreSQL
4 181 (8.76%) MongoDB
5 180 (8.71%) Relational Database
6 96 (4.65%) MySQL
7 61 (2.95%) Redis
8 49 (2.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 47 (2.27%) Oracle Database
10 37 (1.79%) Apache Cassandra
11 35 (1.69%) Amazon RDS
12 34 (1.65%) Azure SQL Database
13 32 (1.55%) RDBMS
14 26 (1.26%) Power BI
15 21 (1.02%) Big Data
15 21 (1.02%) Data Warehouse
15 21 (1.02%) DB2
16 19 (0.92%) Oracle Database 12c
17 17 (0.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 16 (0.77%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 491 (23.77%) Git (software)
2 385 (18.64%) Jenkins
3 305 (14.76%) JIRA
4 231 (11.18%) Maven
5 180 (8.71%) JUnit
6 128 (6.20%) GitLab
7 127 (6.15%) Selenium
8 120 (5.81%) Cucumber
9 107 (5.18%) Postman
10 92 (4.45%) Cypress.io
10 92 (4.45%) JMeter
11 87 (4.21%) Bitbucket
12 72 (3.48%) webpack
13 70 (3.39%) Subversion
14 69 (3.34%) Visual Studio
15 68 (3.29%) Gradle
15 68 (3.29%) Mockito
16 61 (2.95%) SoapUI
17 54 (2.61%) TeamCity
18 44 (2.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 356 (17.23%) Finance
2 334 (16.17%) Social Skills
3 211 (10.21%) Banking
4 133 (6.44%) Analytical Skills
5 112 (5.42%) Public Sector
6 93 (4.50%) Investment Banking
7 68 (3.29%) Front Office
8 55 (2.66%) Marketing
9 52 (2.52%) Telecoms
10 47 (2.27%) Retail
11 31 (1.50%) Law
11 31 (1.50%) Legal
11 31 (1.50%) Presentation Skills
12 30 (1.45%) Manufacturing
13 23 (1.11%) Electronics
14 15 (0.73%) Financial Institution
15 12 (0.58%) Automotive
15 12 (0.58%) Back Office
16 11 (0.53%) Documentation Skills
17 10 (0.48%) Games
Job Titles
1 1,229 (59.49%) Developer
2 377 (18.25%) Java Developer
3 224 (10.84%) Senior Developer
4 173 (8.37%) Architect
5 125 (6.05%) React Developer
6 113 (5.47%) Full Stack Developer
7 98 (4.74%) .NET Developer
8 95 (4.60%) Software Engineer
9 88 (4.26%) Senior Java Developer
10 84 (4.07%) Python Developer
11 78 (3.78%) Solutions Architect
12 75 (3.63%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 62 (3.00%) JavaScript Developer
14 58 (2.81%) iOS Developer
14 58 (2.81%) Tester
15 49 (2.37%) Consultant
16 48 (2.32%) Software Developer
17 47 (2.27%) Backend Developer
17 47 (2.27%) Salesforce Developer
18 46 (2.23%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 490 (23.72%) Spring
2 488 (23.62%) React
3 455 (22.02%) HTML
3 455 (22.02%) SOAP
4 446 (21.59%) Web Services
5 413 (19.99%) JSON
6 378 (18.30%) CSS
7 318 (15.39%) Node.js
8 314 (15.20%) Spring Boot
9 298 (14.42%) .NET
10 295 (14.28%) AngularJS
11 268 (12.97%) XML
12 187 (9.05%) Kafka
13 185 (8.95%) HTML5
14 173 (8.37%) GraphQL
15 133 (6.44%) Swagger
16 115 (5.57%) RESTful
17 114 (5.52%) jQuery
18 109 (5.28%) Hibernate
19 108 (5.23%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 193 (9.34%) User Experience
2 119 (5.76%) Mobile App
3 77 (3.73%) Cloud Native
4 69 (3.34%) Public Cloud
5 68 (3.29%) Self-Motivation
6 47 (2.27%) Greenfield Project
7 46 (2.23%) Virtual Team
8 45 (2.18%) Enterprise Software
9 40 (1.94%) Private Cloud
10 38 (1.84%) Data Structures
11 33 (1.60%) Hybrid Cloud
12 28 (1.36%) Data Protection Act
13 27 (1.31%) Algorithms
13 27 (1.31%) Derivative
13 27 (1.31%) Video\Live Streaming
14 25 (1.21%) iPad
14 25 (1.21%) Media Streaming
15 22 (1.06%) W3C
16 21 (1.02%) Linux Command Line
17 20 (0.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 222 (10.75%) Linux
2 125 (6.05%) Windows
3 105 (5.08%) Unix
4 96 (4.65%) Apple iOS
5 80 (3.87%) Android
6 15 (0.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 13 (0.63%) Windows Server
8 8 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
9 7 (0.34%) Mac OS X
10 6 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
11 5 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (0.15%) Solaris
12 3 (0.15%) Ubuntu
12 3 (0.15%) Windows Server 2019
12 3 (0.15%) zOS
13 2 (0.097%) Debian
13 2 (0.097%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.097%) Oracle Linux
13 2 (0.097%) Windows 10
14 1 (0.048%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 998 (48.31%) Agile
2 602 (29.14%) CI/CD
3 581 (28.12%) Microservices
4 485 (23.48%) DevOps
5 406 (19.65%) Test Automation
6 401 (19.41%) TDD
7 362 (17.52%) Scrum
8 316 (15.30%) Software Engineering
9 275 (13.31%) Continuous Integration
10 256 (12.39%) Full Stack Development
11 240 (11.62%) Problem-Solving
12 218 (10.55%) BDD
13 181 (8.76%) OO
14 175 (8.47%) SDLC
15 156 (7.55%) Front End Development
16 136 (6.58%) Analytics
17 133 (6.44%) Kanban
18 130 (6.29%) Unit Testing
19 111 (5.37%) Web Development
20 103 (4.99%) Event-Driven
Programming Languages
1 920 (44.53%) Java
2 761 (36.83%) JavaScript
3 556 (26.91%) SQL
4 431 (20.86%) Python
5 301 (14.57%) C#
6 284 (13.75%) TypeScript
7 134 (6.49%) PowerShell
8 107 (5.18%) Bash
9 85 (4.11%) Kotlin
10 66 (3.19%) Apple Swift
11 61 (2.95%) PHP
12 59 (2.86%) Ruby
13 54 (2.61%) ES6
14 48 (2.32%) Go
14 48 (2.32%) Shell Script
15 46 (2.23%) PL/SQL
16 45 (2.18%) Apex Code
17 40 (1.94%) Groovy
18 39 (1.89%) C++
18 39 (1.89%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 170 (8.23%) Security Cleared
2 130 (6.29%) SC Cleared
3 93 (4.50%) Degree
4 47 (2.27%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (1.02%) BPSS Clearance
6 18 (0.87%) Cisco Certification
7 15 (0.73%) CISSP
8 14 (0.68%) CEH
9 12 (0.58%) AWS Certification
9 12 (0.58%) ISTQB
10 10 (0.48%) CISM
10 10 (0.48%) GIAC
11 8 (0.39%) CCNA
11 8 (0.39%) DV Cleared
11 8 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
12 7 (0.34%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 7 (0.34%) CompTIA Security+
12 7 (0.34%) Oracle Certification
13 6 (0.29%) CCSK
13 6 (0.29%) CompTIA CySA+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 184 (8.91%) QA
2 65 (3.15%) Accessibility
3 16 (0.77%) WCAG
4 13 (0.63%) GDPR
5 11 (0.53%) SLA
6 9 (0.44%) Data Quality
7 6 (0.29%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 5 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 5 (0.24%) NIST
8 5 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 4 (0.19%) Actionable Recommendations
9 4 (0.19%) GRC
10 3 (0.15%) WAI
11 2 (0.097%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 2 (0.097%) PMO
12 1 (0.048%) DICOM
12 1 (0.048%) ISO 20022
12 1 (0.048%) ITGC
12 1 (0.048%) NCSC
System Software
1 421 (20.38%) Docker
2 48 (2.32%) Active Directory
3 27 (1.31%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (0.34%) NFS
5 7 (0.34%) VMware NSX
6 6 (0.29%) Postfix
6 6 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
6 6 (0.29%) vSphere
7 4 (0.19%) Slurm Workload Manager
8 3 (0.15%) OpenAM
9 2 (0.097%) HDFS
9 2 (0.097%) OpenDJ
9 2 (0.097%) OpenIDM
9 2 (0.097%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.097%) Platform Symphony
9 2 (0.097%) vCloud
9 2 (0.097%) VirtualBox
10 1 (0.048%) KVM
10 1 (0.048%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 367 (17.76%) Kubernetes
2 158 (7.65%) Terraform
3 122 (5.91%) Ansible
4 35 (1.69%) Kibana
5 28 (1.36%) Prometheus
6 27 (1.31%) Puppet
7 25 (1.21%) Grafana
8 22 (1.06%) logstash
8 22 (1.06%) Single Sign-On
9 18 (0.87%) Consul
10 13 (0.63%) BladeLogic
10 13 (0.63%) Opscode Chef
11 8 (0.39%) Argo
11 8 (0.39%) Rancher
12 7 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
12 7 (0.34%) ITRS Geneos
12 7 (0.34%) Mesos
13 6 (0.29%) Tivoli
14 5 (0.24%) Netcool
14 5 (0.24%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 238 (11.52%) Oracle
2 194 (9.39%) Microsoft
3 74 (3.58%) Google
4 68 (3.29%) Salesforce.com
5 57 (2.76%) SAP
6 56 (2.71%) IBM
7 51 (2.47%) Splunk
8 50 (2.42%) AppDynamics
9 49 (2.37%) ServiceNow
10 46 (2.23%) Atlassian
11 38 (1.84%) MuleSoft
12 37 (1.79%) Red Hat
13 36 (1.74%) Apple
14 27 (1.31%) VMware
15 24 (1.16%) Dynatrace
16 22 (1.06%) Sitecore
17 21 (1.02%) Sybase
18 16 (0.77%) Adobe
19 15 (0.73%) Cisco
19 15 (0.73%) Qualys