Period
to 11 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 11 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 68 72 56
Rank change year-on-year +4 -16 +4
Contract jobs citing REST 1,361 1,696 3,699
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.26% 3.16% 4.19%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.71% 10.39% 12.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 976 1,183 2,518
10th Percentile £372 £375 £363
25th Percentile £425 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% +2.56%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £575
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% +3.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 22 28
10th Percentile " " £37.66
25th Percentile £22.10 £46.00 £46.25
Median hourly rate £23.47 £50.50 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year -53.52% +1.00% +17.65%
75th Percentile £37.42 £66.88 £55.00
90th Percentile £44.97 £77.88 £58.60
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £50.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -20.79% +1.00% +17.65%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,705 16,320 29,358
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.43% 30.44% 33.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,179 11,644 21,185
10th Percentile £325 £338 £331
25th Percentile £406 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £592 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £488
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 148 152 247
10th Percentile £22.00 £19.79 £18.50
25th Percentile £31.25 £31.11 £27.75
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £44.00
Median % change year-on-year -2.17% +4.55% +7.98%
75th Percentile £57.50 £55.25 £52.50
90th Percentile £63.25 £73.75 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £43.00
% change year-on-year -2.17% +6.98% +6.83%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 900 £525 -4.55% 341
South East +28 141 £495 +7.03% 82
North of England +15 121 £466 +9.71% 124
North West +5 65 £465 +10.06% 62
South West +7 51 £438 -12.50% 55
Yorkshire +18 44 £450 +4.65% 51
Midlands -52 31 £425 -10.53% 58
East of England +24 27 £500 -9.09% 43
West Midlands -49 21 £475 +5.56% 33
North East +13 12 £500 +14.29% 11
East Midlands +6 11 £383 -23.50% 25
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 636 (46.73%) Agile Software Development
2 617 (45.33%) Java
3 415 (30.49%) Microservices
4 406 (29.83%) JavaScript
5 375 (27.55%) Spring
6 335 (24.61%) AWS
7 319 (23.44%) Git (software)
8 309 (22.70%) Web Services
9 301 (22.12%) Azure
10 294 (21.60%) SOAP
11 284 (20.87%) Jenkins
12 282 (20.72%) Docker
13 281 (20.65%) TDD
14 280 (20.57%) SQL
15 279 (20.50%) HTML
16 276 (20.28%) DevOps
17 256 (18.81%) Finance
18 245 (18.00%) CSS
19 243 (17.85%) Scrum
20 242 (17.78%) React
21 239 (17.56%) Node.js
22 238 (17.49%) Kubernetes
23 229 (16.83%) JSON
24 220 (16.16%) Test Automation
25 211 (15.50%) Banking
26 204 (14.99%) AngularJS
27 198 (14.55%) .NET
28 197 (14.47%) Software Engineering
28 197 (14.47%) Spring Boot
29 192 (14.11%) Linux

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (6.91%) Confluence
2 66 (4.85%) Mule
3 63 (4.63%) Red Hat Fuse
4 52 (3.82%) Apache
5 35 (2.57%) Elasticsearch
6 34 (2.50%) JBoss
6 34 (2.50%) SharePoint
7 32 (2.35%) Cloud Foundry
8 28 (2.06%) Tomcat
9 25 (1.84%) CMS
10 23 (1.69%) Anypoint
11 17 (1.25%) Camunda
12 16 (1.18%) IIS
13 15 (1.10%) Mule ESB
13 15 (1.10%) WebSphere
14 14 (1.03%) nginx
15 13 (0.96%) WebLogic
16 12 (0.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 9 (0.66%) BizTalk Server
18 8 (0.59%) Jetty
Applications
1 10 (0.73%) Figma
2 5 (0.37%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.15%) Adobe XD
3 2 (0.15%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.15%) Sketch
4 1 (0.073%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.073%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.073%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.073%) SPSS
4 1 (0.073%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 6 (0.44%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.37%) Adobe Campaign
3 4 (0.29%) Magento
3 4 (0.29%) Oracle ERP
4 3 (0.22%) BusinessWorks
4 3 (0.22%) Distributed Ledger
4 3 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
4 3 (0.22%) Elite 3E
4 3 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.22%) Summit
5 2 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.15%) Shopify
5 2 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.073%) Exstream
6 1 (0.073%) ION MarketView
6 1 (0.073%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.073%) Oracle BRM
6 1 (0.073%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.073%) SAP MDM
6 1 (0.073%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 335 (24.61%) AWS
2 301 (22.12%) Azure
3 125 (9.18%) GitHub
4 93 (6.83%) Serverless
5 92 (6.76%) PaaS
6 62 (4.56%) GCP
7 55 (4.04%) SaaS
8 43 (3.16%) AWS CloudFormation
9 41 (3.01%) AWS Lambda
10 39 (2.87%) Amazon S3
10 39 (2.87%) Cloud Computing
11 37 (2.72%) IaaS
11 37 (2.72%) OpenShift
12 33 (2.42%) Amazon ECS
13 23 (1.69%) Amazon EKS
13 23 (1.69%) Amazon SQS
14 22 (1.62%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 22 (1.62%) Slack
15 21 (1.54%) Power Platform
16 20 (1.47%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 70 (5.14%) HTTP
2 26 (1.91%) Firewall
3 24 (1.76%) SSL
4 23 (1.69%) TCP/IP
5 21 (1.54%) DNS
6 15 (1.10%) Internet
7 9 (0.66%) SMTP
8 8 (0.59%) HTTPS
8 8 (0.59%) LAN
8 8 (0.59%) Unified Communications
9 7 (0.51%) SSH
9 7 (0.51%) WAN
10 6 (0.44%) FTP
10 6 (0.44%) Intranet
10 6 (0.44%) SMS
10 6 (0.44%) VPN
11 5 (0.37%) 3G
11 5 (0.37%) IPv4
11 5 (0.37%) IPv6
11 5 (0.37%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 150 (11.02%) NoSQL
2 135 (9.92%) SQL Server
3 120 (8.82%) Relational Database
4 114 (8.38%) PostgreSQL
5 112 (8.23%) MongoDB
6 69 (5.07%) MySQL
7 36 (2.65%) Cosmos DB
8 32 (2.35%) Data Warehouse
9 30 (2.20%) RDBMS
10 25 (1.84%) Redis
11 23 (1.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 19 (1.40%) Big Data
12 19 (1.40%) DB2
13 18 (1.32%) Apache Cassandra
14 13 (0.96%) Azure SQL Database
14 13 (0.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 12 (0.88%) Hazelcast
16 10 (0.73%) Amazon RDS
16 10 (0.73%) Oracle Database
17 9 (0.66%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 319 (23.44%) Git (software)
2 284 (20.87%) Jenkins
3 176 (12.93%) Maven
4 152 (11.17%) JIRA
5 107 (7.86%) Cucumber
5 107 (7.86%) JUnit
6 68 (5.00%) Selenium
7 67 (4.92%) GitLab
8 51 (3.75%) Subversion
9 50 (3.67%) Mockito
10 45 (3.31%) Gradle
10 45 (3.31%) Visual Studio
11 38 (2.79%) TeamCity
11 38 (2.79%) webpack
12 37 (2.72%) Sonatype Nexus
13 33 (2.42%) IntelliJ
14 31 (2.28%) Xcode
15 30 (2.20%) Bitbucket
16 29 (2.13%) SonarQube
17 27 (1.98%) Postman
General
1 256 (18.81%) Finance
2 211 (15.50%) Banking
3 67 (4.92%) Investment Banking
4 55 (4.04%) Public Sector
5 54 (3.97%) Front Office
6 36 (2.65%) Marketing
6 36 (2.65%) Retail
7 30 (2.20%) Telecoms
8 14 (1.03%) Games
9 13 (0.96%) Pharmaceutical
10 7 (0.51%) Law
11 6 (0.44%) Advertising
11 6 (0.44%) Local Government
11 6 (0.44%) Retail Banking
12 5 (0.37%) Back Office
12 5 (0.37%) Manufacturing
13 4 (0.29%) Automotive
13 4 (0.29%) Financial Institution
13 4 (0.29%) Legal
14 3 (0.22%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 842 (61.87%) Developer
2 285 (20.94%) Java Developer
3 153 (11.24%) Senior Developer
4 142 (10.43%) Architect
4 142 (10.43%) Full Stack Developer
5 85 (6.25%) Senior Java Developer
6 82 (6.02%) React Developer
7 80 (5.88%) .NET Developer
8 67 (4.92%) Solutions Architect
9 49 (3.60%) AWS Developer
9 49 (3.60%) Consultant
10 47 (3.45%) DevOps Engineer
11 46 (3.38%) Software Engineer
12 45 (3.31%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 42 (3.09%) Angular Developer
14 38 (2.79%) Java Engineer
14 38 (2.79%) JavaScript Developer
14 38 (2.79%) Python Developer
15 36 (2.65%) Integration Developer
15 36 (2.65%) iOS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 375 (27.55%) Spring
2 309 (22.70%) Web Services
3 294 (21.60%) SOAP
4 279 (20.50%) HTML
5 245 (18.00%) CSS
6 242 (17.78%) React
7 239 (17.56%) Node.js
8 229 (16.83%) JSON
9 204 (14.99%) AngularJS
10 198 (14.55%) .NET
11 197 (14.47%) Spring Boot
12 163 (11.98%) XML
13 124 (9.11%) HTML5
14 106 (7.79%) Hibernate
15 103 (7.57%) Kafka
15 103 (7.57%) Middleware
16 100 (7.35%) Redux
17 98 (7.20%) GraphQL
18 75 (5.51%) .NET Core
18 75 (5.51%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 98 (7.20%) Analytical Skills
2 86 (6.32%) Mobile App
3 68 (5.00%) User Experience
4 64 (4.70%) Enterprise Software
5 58 (4.26%) Clustering
6 45 (3.31%) Greenfield Project
7 37 (2.72%) Cloud Native
8 33 (2.42%) Data Structures
9 24 (1.76%) Fixed Income
10 22 (1.62%) Algorithms
11 21 (1.54%) Management Information System
12 19 (1.40%) Public Cloud
13 14 (1.03%) Self-Motivation
14 13 (0.96%) iPad
14 13 (0.96%) iPhone
14 13 (0.96%) Virtual Team
15 12 (0.88%) Enterprise Cloud
16 11 (0.81%) Hybrid Cloud
17 8 (0.59%) Linux Command Line
17 8 (0.59%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 192 (14.11%) Linux
2 90 (6.61%) Unix
3 89 (6.54%) Android
3 89 (6.54%) Apple iOS
4 87 (6.39%) Windows
5 17 (1.25%) Mac OS X
6 9 (0.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (0.44%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
9 4 (0.29%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
10 2 (0.15%) AIX
10 2 (0.15%) CentOS
10 2 (0.15%) Solaris
10 2 (0.15%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.073%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.073%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 1 (0.073%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.073%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 636 (46.73%) Agile Software Development
2 415 (30.49%) Microservices
3 281 (20.65%) TDD
4 276 (20.28%) DevOps
5 243 (17.85%) Scrum
6 220 (16.16%) Test Automation
7 197 (14.47%) Software Engineering
8 186 (13.67%) Continuous Integration
9 165 (12.12%) BDD
10 124 (9.11%) OO
11 122 (8.96%) Problem-Solving
12 111 (8.16%) Open Source
13 100 (7.35%) API Development
14 99 (7.27%) SDLC
15 96 (7.05%) Kanban
16 95 (6.98%) Web Development
17 94 (6.91%) SOA
18 92 (6.76%) Front End Development
19 82 (6.02%) Unit Testing
20 74 (5.44%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 617 (45.33%) Java
2 406 (29.83%) JavaScript
3 280 (20.57%) SQL
4 186 (13.67%) Python
5 177 (13.01%) Java 8
6 143 (10.51%) C#
7 118 (8.67%) TypeScript
8 79 (5.80%) Kotlin
9 68 (5.00%) ES6
10 66 (4.85%) PowerShell
11 59 (4.34%) Go
12 56 (4.11%) Apple Swift
13 44 (3.23%) C++
14 41 (3.01%) Bash Shell
15 34 (2.50%) PHP
16 30 (2.20%) PL/SQL
16 30 (2.20%) Ruby
16 30 (2.20%) Shell Script
17 27 (1.98%) Scala
17 27 (1.98%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 120 (8.82%) Security Cleared
2 105 (7.71%) SC Cleared
3 70 (5.14%) Degree
4 22 (1.62%) Computer Science Degree
5 14 (1.03%) ISTQB
6 12 (0.88%) AWS Certification
6 12 (0.88%) Master's Degree
7 10 (0.73%) DV Cleared
8 8 (0.59%) ISEB
9 6 (0.44%) Cisco Certification
10 5 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
10 5 (0.37%) CCNA
10 5 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 3 (0.22%) PMI Certification
11 3 (0.22%) PMP
11 3 (0.22%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 2 (0.15%) CCNP
12 2 (0.15%) CISSP
12 2 (0.15%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 81 (5.95%) QA
2 13 (0.96%) NIST
3 9 (0.66%) MiFID
4 7 (0.51%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.37%) GDPR
6 3 (0.22%) Actionable Recommendations
6 3 (0.22%) SLA
6 3 (0.22%) WCAG
7 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.073%) GRC
8 1 (0.073%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 282 (20.72%) Docker
2 43 (3.16%) Active Directory
3 12 (0.88%) Hyper-V
4 10 (0.73%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 8 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.29%) VMware NSX
7 2 (0.15%) KVM
7 2 (0.15%) NFS
7 2 (0.15%) Postfix
8 1 (0.073%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
8 1 (0.073%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 238 (17.49%) Kubernetes
2 126 (9.26%) Terraform
3 56 (4.11%) Ansible
4 26 (1.91%) Puppet
5 24 (1.76%) Opscode Chef
6 22 (1.62%) Grafana
7 17 (1.25%) Kibana
8 14 (1.03%) CloudHub
9 13 (0.96%) Prometheus
9 13 (0.96%) Single Sign-On
10 12 (0.88%) Istio
11 8 (0.59%) Microsoft Intune
12 7 (0.51%) Consul
13 6 (0.44%) Docker Swarm
13 6 (0.44%) logstash
14 5 (0.37%) Nagios
14 5 (0.37%) Red Hat Satellite
15 4 (0.29%) Rancher
16 3 (0.22%) PowerCLI
16 3 (0.22%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 127 (9.33%) Oracle
2 96 (7.05%) Microsoft
3 54 (3.97%) Google
4 41 (3.01%) Salesforce.com
5 40 (2.94%) MuleSoft
5 40 (2.94%) Splunk
6 35 (2.57%) IBM
7 32 (2.35%) ServiceNow
8 30 (2.20%) AppDynamics
9 25 (1.84%) SAP
10 24 (1.76%) Atlassian
11 23 (1.69%) Red Hat
12 22 (1.62%) TIBCO
13 20 (1.47%) VMware
14 14 (1.03%) Apple
15 13 (0.96%) Sybase
16 11 (0.81%) Adobe
16 11 (0.81%) Xamarin
17 10 (0.73%) Murex
17 10 (0.73%) webMethods