Period
to 17 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 17 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 55 67 92
Rank change year-on-year +12 +25 +40
Contract jobs citing REST 3,530 2,997 2,265
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.82% 3.31% 2.32%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.84% 10.60% 7.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,571 2,176 1,685
England median daily rate £480 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +11.46%
10th Percentile £340 £320 £308
90th Percentile £613 £588 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 8 24
England median hourly rate £45.00 £35.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +28.57% -6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £28.14 £22.11 £34.28
90th Percentile £52.50 £42.63 £49.25
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £35.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +28.57% -6.67% +7.14%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29,813 28,271 28,386
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.27% 31.26% 29.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,462 19,638 19,764
England median daily rate £475 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 320 312 511
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £18.50 £15.25 £15.04
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.25 £55.55
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 17 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 2,066 £513 +7.89% 519
South East +36 672 £450 +5.88% 155
North of England +3 300 £425 -0.29% 143
East of England +7 162 £438 +12.90% 78
Midlands +1 159 £375 -6.25% 77
South West -2 158 £400 +14.29% 75
North West +20 147 £400 - 85
Yorkshire -12 131 £450 - 51
West Midlands -4 98 £400 -5.88% 42
East Midlands +2 59 £335 -4.29% 35
North East +28 28 £475 +2.70% 7
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 17 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 2,078 (58.87%) Java
2 2,058 (58.30%) Agile Software Development
3 1,290 (36.54%) TDD
4 1,257 (35.61%) JavaScript
5 1,206 (34.16%) Web Services
6 1,069 (30.28%) SOAP
7 996 (28.22%) Git (software)
8 973 (27.56%) Spring
9 958 (27.14%) HTML
10 857 (24.28%) Microservices
11 836 (23.68%) JSON
12 812 (23.00%) Scrum
13 810 (22.95%) SQL
14 807 (22.86%) Jenkins
15 804 (22.78%) CSS
16 736 (20.85%) Continuous Integration
17 723 (20.48%) BDD
18 694 (19.66%) Test Automation
19 672 (19.04%) AngularJS
20 659 (18.67%) MVC
21 636 (18.02%) XML
22 618 (17.51%) Finance
23 611 (17.31%) Linux
24 606 (17.17%) JIRA
25 605 (17.14%) .NET
26 579 (16.40%) C#
27 571 (16.18%) Amazon AWS
28 536 (15.18%) Node.js
29 529 (14.99%) HTML5
30 493 (13.97%) Docker

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 392 (11.10%) Confluence
2 223 (6.32%) Apache
3 181 (5.13%) Elasticsearch
4 160 (4.53%) JBoss
5 158 (4.48%) Tomcat
6 127 (3.60%) Apache Spark
7 103 (2.92%) WebSphere
8 85 (2.41%) Apache Solr
9 77 (2.18%) WebLogic
10 70 (1.98%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 68 (1.93%) WildFly
12 63 (1.78%) SharePoint
13 61 (1.73%) CMS
14 41 (1.16%) IIS
14 41 (1.16%) Mule
15 34 (0.96%) Cloud Foundry
15 34 (0.96%) WebSphere Application Server
16 31 (0.88%) MQSeries
17 30 (0.85%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 25 (0.71%) OpenStack
Applications
1 39 (1.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (0.54%) MS Visio
3 12 (0.34%) Chatbot
4 8 (0.23%) Photoshop
5 7 (0.20%) InfoPath
6 3 (0.085%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.057%) Fireworks
7 2 (0.057%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.028%) HipChat
8 1 (0.028%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 35 (0.99%) Oracle BPM
2 14 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
3 10 (0.28%) Magento
4 6 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
5 4 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
5 4 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
6 3 (0.085%) Radian6
6 3 (0.085%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 3 (0.085%) Social Studio
7 2 (0.057%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 2 (0.057%) Cognos TM1
7 2 (0.057%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.057%) Maximo
7 2 (0.057%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.057%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.028%) Oracle 11i
8 1 (0.028%) Oracle EBS R12
8 1 (0.028%) Oracle SCM
8 1 (0.028%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 571 (16.18%) Amazon AWS
2 236 (6.69%) Microsoft Azure
3 183 (5.18%) GitHub
4 96 (2.72%) SaaS
5 95 (2.69%) PaaS
6 83 (2.35%) Slack
7 72 (2.04%) Amazon EC2
8 63 (1.78%) Amazon S3
9 62 (1.76%) IaaS
10 57 (1.61%) npm
11 48 (1.36%) Serverless
12 36 (1.02%) Google Cloud Platform
13 33 (0.93%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 32 (0.91%) AWS Lambda
14 32 (0.91%) Heroku
15 31 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
16 30 (0.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 26 (0.74%) Office 365
18 25 (0.71%) Amazon ELB
19 23 (0.65%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 272 (7.71%) HTTP
2 98 (2.78%) TCP/IP
3 89 (2.52%) Internet
4 60 (1.70%) SSL
5 54 (1.53%) Kerberos
6 52 (1.47%) LDAP
7 34 (0.96%) DNS
8 30 (0.85%) SMS
9 26 (0.74%) Bluetooth
10 23 (0.65%) Firewall
11 21 (0.59%) SSH
12 19 (0.54%) OpenLDAP
13 18 (0.51%) Intranet
13 18 (0.51%) MQTT
13 18 (0.51%) OpenVPN
13 18 (0.51%) Wi-Fi
14 12 (0.34%) FTP
15 11 (0.31%) HTTPS
15 11 (0.31%) SNMP
16 10 (0.28%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 457 (12.95%) NoSQL
2 390 (11.05%) SQL Server
3 364 (10.31%) Relational Database
4 357 (10.11%) MongoDB
5 316 (8.95%) PostgreSQL
6 310 (8.78%) MySQL
7 211 (5.98%) Big Data
8 206 (5.84%) Hadoop
9 174 (4.93%) RDBMS
10 147 (4.16%) HBase
11 141 (3.99%) Apache Cassandra
12 71 (2.01%) Oracle Database
13 61 (1.73%) Redis
14 56 (1.59%) Neo4j
15 40 (1.13%) Amazon RDS
16 36 (1.02%) DB2
17 29 (0.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 27 (0.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 27 (0.76%) Data Warehouse
18 27 (0.76%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 996 (28.22%) Git (software)
2 807 (22.86%) Jenkins
3 606 (17.17%) JIRA
4 490 (13.88%) Maven
5 441 (12.49%) JUnit
6 325 (9.21%) Cucumber
7 244 (6.91%) Selenium
8 195 (5.52%) Mockito
9 192 (5.44%) TeamCity
10 188 (5.33%) Subversion
11 171 (4.84%) Gradle
12 154 (4.36%) Eclipse
13 128 (3.63%) Ant
14 126 (3.57%) SonarQube
15 120 (3.40%) IntelliJ
16 96 (2.72%) Jasmine
17 95 (2.69%) Visual Studio
18 90 (2.55%) Bitbucket
19 86 (2.44%) Liquibase
20 84 (2.38%) Vagrant
General
1 618 (17.51%) Finance
2 352 (9.97%) Banking
3 105 (2.97%) Retail
4 97 (2.75%) Marketing
5 95 (2.69%) Telecoms
6 71 (2.01%) Investment Banking
7 66 (1.87%) Games
8 56 (1.59%) Manufacturing
9 42 (1.19%) Law
10 38 (1.08%) Electronics
11 33 (0.93%) Legal
12 27 (0.76%) Publishing
13 26 (0.74%) Front Office
14 24 (0.68%) Automotive
15 22 (0.62%) Advertising
16 21 (0.59%) Retail Banking
17 20 (0.57%) Back Office
18 19 (0.54%) Financial Institution
19 12 (0.34%) Billing
20 11 (0.31%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 2,440 (69.12%) Developer
2 1,135 (32.15%) Java Developer
3 335 (9.49%) Architect
4 280 (7.93%) Senior Developer
5 238 (6.74%) .NET Developer
6 182 (5.16%) Agile Developer
7 177 (5.01%) JavaScript Developer
8 168 (4.76%) Senior Java Developer
9 164 (4.65%) C# Developer
10 158 (4.48%) Full Stack Developer
11 126 (3.57%) Software Engineer
12 124 (3.51%) Java Engineer
13 118 (3.34%) Solutions Architect
14 116 (3.29%) Agile Java Developer
14 116 (3.29%) Scala Developer
15 111 (3.14%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 104 (2.95%) Web Developer
17 101 (2.86%) Tester
18 100 (2.83%) Analyst
19 98 (2.78%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,206 (34.16%) Web Services
2 1,069 (30.28%) SOAP
3 973 (27.56%) Spring
4 958 (27.14%) HTML
5 836 (23.68%) JSON
6 804 (22.78%) CSS
7 672 (19.04%) AngularJS
8 636 (18.02%) XML
9 605 (17.14%) .NET
10 536 (15.18%) Node.js
11 529 (14.99%) HTML5
12 451 (12.78%) Hibernate
13 412 (11.67%) RESTful
14 364 (10.31%) Spring Boot
15 332 (9.41%) React
16 295 (8.36%) jQuery
17 287 (8.13%) CSS3
18 256 (7.25%) Kafka
19 252 (7.14%) Java EE
20 251 (7.11%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 214 (6.06%) User Experience
2 166 (4.70%) Greenfield Project
3 153 (4.33%) Mobile App
4 106 (3.00%) Linux Command Line
5 104 (2.95%) Analytical Skills
5 104 (2.95%) Computer Science
6 76 (2.15%) Algorithms
7 75 (2.12%) Enterprise Software
8 68 (1.93%) Fintech
9 50 (1.42%) Data Structures
10 48 (1.36%) Virtual Team
11 39 (1.10%) iPad
12 33 (0.93%) N-Tier
13 30 (0.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 23 (0.65%) Equities
15 22 (0.62%) CMDB
16 20 (0.57%) Data Centre
16 20 (0.57%) Video on Demand
17 19 (0.54%) Management Information System
18 18 (0.51%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 611 (17.31%) Linux
2 341 (9.66%) Unix
3 200 (5.67%) Windows
4 161 (4.56%) Android
5 139 (3.94%) Apple iOS
6 101 (2.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 69 (1.95%) VMS
8 45 (1.27%) Mac OS X
9 34 (0.96%) CentOS
10 27 (0.76%) Ubuntu
11 24 (0.68%) Windows Server
12 15 (0.42%) Windows 8
12 15 (0.42%) Windows Server 2012
13 14 (0.40%) HPUX
14 12 (0.34%) Solaris
15 11 (0.31%) Windows 7
16 6 (0.17%) Windows 10
16 6 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
17 5 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
17 5 (0.14%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,058 (58.30%) Agile Software Development
2 1,290 (36.54%) TDD
3 857 (24.28%) Microservices
4 812 (23.00%) Scrum
5 736 (20.85%) Continuous Integration
6 723 (20.48%) BDD
7 694 (19.66%) Test Automation
8 659 (18.67%) MVC
9 457 (12.95%) DevOps
10 368 (10.42%) OO
11 329 (9.32%) Unit Testing
12 323 (9.15%) Open Source
13 301 (8.53%) Kanban
13 301 (8.53%) Software Engineering
14 299 (8.47%) SOA
15 263 (7.45%) Web Development
16 254 (7.20%) E-Commerce
17 213 (6.03%) Continuous Delivery
18 210 (5.95%) Pair Programming
19 208 (5.89%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2,078 (58.87%) Java
2 1,257 (35.61%) JavaScript
3 810 (22.95%) SQL
4 579 (16.40%) C#
5 352 (9.97%) Python
6 299 (8.47%) Scala
7 166 (4.70%) Groovy
8 157 (4.45%) Ruby
9 116 (3.29%) PHP
10 100 (2.83%) ES6
11 99 (2.80%) TypeScript
12 96 (2.72%) PowerShell
13 83 (2.35%) Bash Shell
14 76 (2.15%) T-SQL
15 75 (2.12%) XPath
16 71 (2.01%) Shell Script
17 67 (1.90%) Apple Swift
18 62 (1.76%) JPQL
18 62 (1.76%) PL/SQL
19 60 (1.70%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 271 (7.68%) Security Cleared
2 206 (5.84%) SC Cleared
3 183 (5.18%) Degree
4 52 (1.47%) Computer Science Degree
5 25 (0.71%) BPSS Clearance
6 23 (0.65%) Numerate Degree
7 21 (0.59%) Master's Degree
8 15 (0.42%) DBS Check
9 11 (0.31%) ISTQB
9 11 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
10 7 (0.20%) DV Cleared
11 6 (0.17%) CTC Cleared
11 6 (0.17%) PMP
12 5 (0.14%) Sun Certification
13 4 (0.11%) ISEB
13 4 (0.11%) MCSD
13 4 (0.11%) OCP
13 4 (0.11%) Oracle Certification
14 3 (0.085%) ITIL Certification
14 3 (0.085%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 232 (6.57%) QA
2 24 (0.68%) Data Quality
3 16 (0.45%) WCAG
4 13 (0.37%) GCP
5 12 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 12 (0.34%) SLA
6 10 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
7 8 (0.23%) ISO 9001
7 8 (0.23%) MiFID
8 7 (0.20%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.085%) WAI
10 2 (0.057%) COBIT
10 2 (0.057%) UCITS
11 1 (0.028%) GDPR
11 1 (0.028%) NIST 800
11 1 (0.028%) PSD2
System Software
1 493 (13.97%) Docker
2 78 (2.21%) Active Directory
3 70 (1.98%) HDFS
4 50 (1.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 31 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
6 29 (0.82%) VMware Infrastructure
7 20 (0.57%) vCloud
8 18 (0.51%) Postfix
8 18 (0.51%) Squid
9 12 (0.34%) Firmware
10 11 (0.31%) vSphere
11 8 (0.23%) oVirt
11 8 (0.23%) RHEV
12 5 (0.14%) Microsoft App-V
12 5 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
13 4 (0.11%) Apache Flume
13 4 (0.11%) LXC
13 4 (0.11%) VMware NSX
14 3 (0.085%) Varnish
15 1 (0.028%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 179 (5.07%) Kubernetes
2 177 (5.01%) Puppet
3 131 (3.71%) Ansible
4 89 (2.52%) Opscode Chef
5 88 (2.49%) Terraform
6 42 (1.19%) Hadoop YARN
7 41 (1.16%) Kibana
8 29 (0.82%) Docker Swarm
9 24 (0.68%) Grafana
10 21 (0.59%) Rancher
11 20 (0.57%) ZABBIX
12 18 (0.51%) logstash
12 18 (0.51%) Rsyslog
12 18 (0.51%) Sysdig
13 12 (0.34%) Nessus
14 9 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
14 9 (0.25%) Oozie
14 9 (0.25%) Opsview
14 9 (0.25%) Salt
15 8 (0.23%) CA Service Virtualization
Vendors
1 380 (10.76%) Oracle
2 257 (7.28%) Microsoft
3 116 (3.29%) IBM
4 101 (2.86%) Google
5 72 (2.04%) Red Hat
5 72 (2.04%) SAP
6 64 (1.81%) Salesforce.com
6 64 (1.81%) ServiceNow
7 61 (1.73%) VMware
8 48 (1.36%) Atlassian
9 40 (1.13%) Adobe
10 37 (1.05%) Sybase
11 36 (1.02%) MuleSoft
12 34 (0.96%) Apigee
13 32 (0.91%) HP
13 32 (0.91%) Splunk
14 30 (0.85%) Apple
15 29 (0.82%) webMethods
16 27 (0.76%) CA
17 26 (0.74%) hybris