Period
to 24 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 60 58 62
Rank change year-on-year -2 +4 +13
Contract jobs citing REST 3,083 3,590 2,921
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.71% 3.92% 3.46%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.37% 11.61% 10.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,137 2,507 1,994
England median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% -2.70%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £325
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 34 21
England median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £48.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.65% -12.37% +25.16%
10th Percentile £35.00 £20.63 £23.75
90th Percentile £60.00 £50.00 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £48.50
% change year-on-year +17.65% -12.37% +25.16%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 27,121 30,925 27,166
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.67% 33.79% 32.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,120 21,932 18,872
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £340 £315 £306
90th Percentile £650 £631 £614
UK median daily rate £490 £470 £445
% change year-on-year +4.26% +5.62% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 285 333 355
England median hourly rate £44.00 £42.27 £41.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.11% +2.46% +8.55%
10th Percentile £18.50 £16.25 £17.70
90th Percentile £60.00 £62.00 £53.90
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.13 £41.13
% change year-on-year +0.89% +2.43% +9.67%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -5 1,764 £539 +2.62% 120
South East -19 440 £450 -5.26% 42
North of England +15 368 £450 +5.88% 58
South West -1 210 £475 +13.10% 14
North West +22 190 £432 +8.00% 25
Midlands +25 168 £440 +10.00% 14
Yorkshire +11 146 £450 - 26
West Midlands +36 133 £450 +12.50% 7
East of England -28 109 £463 +2.78% 21
East Midlands -10 33 £389 -8.53% 7
North East +13 32 £470 -1.05% 7
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 1,749 (56.73%) Agile Software Development
2 1,394 (45.22%) Java
3 1,189 (38.57%) JavaScript
4 953 (30.91%) Microservices
5 900 (29.19%) SOAP
6 880 (28.54%) TDD
7 852 (27.64%) Web Services
8 829 (26.89%) Git (software)
9 811 (26.31%) HTML
10 701 (22.74%) CSS
11 695 (22.54%) JSON
12 690 (22.38%) SQL
13 685 (22.22%) Spring
14 681 (22.09%) Scrum
15 659 (21.38%) .NET
16 630 (20.43%) C#
17 621 (20.14%) Jenkins
18 592 (19.20%) DevOps
19 572 (18.55%) Amazon AWS
20 533 (17.29%) Test Automation
21 531 (17.22%) AngularJS
22 521 (16.90%) Finance
23 514 (16.67%) XML
24 509 (16.51%) Docker
25 507 (16.45%) BDD
26 498 (16.15%) Microsoft Azure
27 459 (14.89%) Continuous Integration
28 452 (14.66%) Node.js
29 413 (13.40%) JIRA
30 389 (12.62%) Java 8

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 268 (8.69%) Confluence
2 122 (3.96%) Apache
3 107 (3.47%) SharePoint
4 98 (3.18%) Elasticsearch
5 92 (2.98%) Tomcat
6 79 (2.56%) WebSphere
7 73 (2.37%) CMS
8 72 (2.34%) JBoss
9 48 (1.56%) Mule
10 46 (1.49%) Apache Spark
11 38 (1.23%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 36 (1.17%) Cloud Foundry
13 34 (1.10%) Apache Solr
13 34 (1.10%) WebLogic
14 31 (1.01%) SharePoint 2013
15 27 (0.88%) nginx
16 23 (0.75%) BizTalk Server
17 22 (0.71%) IIS
17 22 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 21 (0.68%) Anypoint
Applications
1 17 (0.55%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (0.49%) MS Visio
3 14 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.19%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.097%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.097%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.065%) GIMP
6 2 (0.065%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.032%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.032%) OmniGraffle
7 1 (0.032%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 47 (1.52%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.49%) Adobe Campaign
3 12 (0.39%) Distributed Ledger
3 12 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
4 11 (0.36%) Remedy ITSM
5 10 (0.32%) Dynamics NAV
6 9 (0.29%) Magento
6 9 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
7 8 (0.26%) R3 Corda
7 8 (0.26%) SDL Web 8
8 6 (0.19%) Fredhopper
8 6 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 6 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
8 6 (0.19%) Workday HCM
9 4 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
10 3 (0.097%) BusinessWorks
10 3 (0.097%) NetSuite
11 2 (0.065%) SAP ERP
12 1 (0.032%) BusinessWare
12 1 (0.032%) Cognos Business Intelligence
Cloud Services
1 572 (18.55%) Amazon AWS
2 498 (16.15%) Microsoft Azure
3 161 (5.22%) GitHub
4 132 (4.28%) Google Cloud Platform
5 109 (3.54%) Serverless
6 83 (2.69%) SaaS
7 77 (2.50%) PaaS
8 69 (2.24%) Amazon EC2
9 66 (2.14%) Amazon SQS
9 66 (2.14%) Office 365
10 46 (1.49%) AWS CloudFormation
11 44 (1.43%) Slack
12 43 (1.39%) AWS Lambda
13 42 (1.36%) Amazon S3
14 40 (1.30%) Apigee
14 40 (1.30%) OpenShift
15 38 (1.23%) Dynamics 365
16 37 (1.20%) Azure Functions
16 37 (1.20%) Power Platform
17 34 (1.10%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 193 (6.26%) HTTP
2 54 (1.75%) SSL
3 52 (1.69%) TCP/IP
4 44 (1.43%) FTP
5 38 (1.23%) Firewall
6 31 (1.01%) DNS
7 20 (0.65%) Internet
8 18 (0.58%) Kerberos
8 18 (0.58%) WAN
9 17 (0.55%) HTTPS
10 15 (0.49%) AMQP
10 15 (0.49%) VPN
11 14 (0.45%) LAN
12 12 (0.39%) Reverse Proxy
13 7 (0.23%) 4G
13 7 (0.23%) Radio Access Network
13 7 (0.23%) SNMP
14 6 (0.19%) Ethernet
14 6 (0.19%) MPLS
14 6 (0.19%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 354 (11.48%) SQL Server
2 287 (9.31%) NoSQL
3 271 (8.79%) MongoDB
4 230 (7.46%) Relational Database
5 224 (7.27%) PostgreSQL
6 142 (4.61%) MySQL
7 113 (3.67%) Big Data
8 105 (3.41%) Apache Cassandra
9 83 (2.69%) Amazon RDS
10 69 (2.24%) Hadoop
11 56 (1.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 50 (1.62%) Redis
13 49 (1.59%) Neo4j
14 45 (1.46%) RDBMS
15 40 (1.30%) HBase
16 39 (1.27%) DB2
17 35 (1.14%) Data Warehouse
17 35 (1.14%) Oracle Database
18 34 (1.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 32 (1.04%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 829 (26.89%) Git (software)
2 621 (20.14%) Jenkins
3 413 (13.40%) JIRA
4 282 (9.15%) Maven
5 232 (7.53%) Selenium
6 222 (7.20%) JUnit
7 221 (7.17%) Cucumber
8 144 (4.67%) Subversion
9 141 (4.57%) Visual Studio
10 123 (3.99%) Mockito
11 119 (3.86%) Bitbucket
12 104 (3.37%) TeamCity
13 103 (3.34%) Team Foundation Server
14 97 (3.15%) Visual Studio Team System
15 89 (2.89%) SonarQube
16 84 (2.72%) Gradle
17 77 (2.50%) Eclipse
18 68 (2.21%) gulp
18 68 (2.21%) WebDriver
19 67 (2.17%) SoapUI
General
1 521 (16.90%) Finance
2 281 (9.11%) Banking
3 90 (2.92%) Retail
4 81 (2.63%) Marketing
5 59 (1.91%) Front Office
6 42 (1.36%) Law
7 41 (1.33%) Telecoms
8 39 (1.27%) Legal
9 34 (1.10%) Games
10 33 (1.07%) Investment Banking
11 29 (0.94%) Advertising
11 29 (0.94%) Manufacturing
12 27 (0.88%) Publishing
13 22 (0.71%) Electronics
13 22 (0.71%) Financial Institution
14 18 (0.58%) Retail Banking
15 16 (0.52%) Back Office
16 14 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
17 12 (0.39%) German Language
18 9 (0.29%) French Language
Job Titles
1 2,114 (68.57%) Developer
2 678 (21.99%) Java Developer
3 288 (9.34%) Architect
4 276 (8.95%) .NET Developer
5 256 (8.30%) Senior Developer
6 216 (7.01%) Full Stack Developer
7 150 (4.87%) C# Developer
8 139 (4.51%) React Developer
9 124 (4.02%) Python Developer
10 119 (3.86%) JavaScript Developer
11 108 (3.50%) Solutions Architect
12 100 (3.24%) C# .NET Developer
12 100 (3.24%) Senior Java Developer
13 97 (3.15%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 92 (2.98%) Agile Developer
15 87 (2.82%) Angular Developer
16 80 (2.59%) Analyst
17 74 (2.40%) Web Developer
18 73 (2.37%) Scala Developer
19 70 (2.27%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 900 (29.19%) SOAP
2 852 (27.64%) Web Services
3 811 (26.31%) HTML
4 701 (22.74%) CSS
5 695 (22.54%) JSON
6 685 (22.22%) Spring
7 659 (21.38%) .NET
8 531 (17.22%) AngularJS
9 514 (16.67%) XML
10 452 (14.66%) Node.js
11 365 (11.84%) React
12 342 (11.09%) HTML5
13 323 (10.48%) Spring Boot
14 298 (9.67%) RESTful
15 238 (7.72%) ASP.NET
16 232 (7.53%) jQuery
17 224 (7.27%) ASP.NET Web API
18 213 (6.91%) Kafka
19 204 (6.62%) .NET Framework
20 198 (6.42%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 201 (6.52%) User Experience
2 159 (5.16%) Mobile App
3 142 (4.61%) Analytical Skills
4 139 (4.51%) Greenfield Project
5 136 (4.41%) Enterprise Software
6 104 (3.37%) Algorithms
6 104 (3.37%) Data Structures
7 51 (1.65%) Linux Command Line
8 49 (1.59%) Data Centre
9 45 (1.46%) Self-Motivation
10 39 (1.27%) Hedge funds
11 37 (1.20%) N-Tier
12 35 (1.14%) Public Cloud
13 34 (1.10%) Video on Demand
14 31 (1.01%) Management Information System
14 31 (1.01%) Virtual Team
15 25 (0.81%) Client/Server
16 24 (0.78%) PKI
16 24 (0.78%) Video\Live Streaming
17 23 (0.75%) DataPower
Operating Systems
1 385 (12.49%) Linux
2 184 (5.97%) Windows
3 175 (5.68%) Unix
4 144 (4.67%) Android
5 133 (4.31%) Apple iOS
6 39 (1.27%) Windows Server
7 33 (1.07%) Mac OS X
8 20 (0.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 15 (0.49%) Ubuntu
10 12 (0.39%) Mac OS
10 12 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
11 10 (0.32%) CentOS
12 9 (0.29%) VMS
13 8 (0.26%) Fedora
14 6 (0.19%) Solaris
15 4 (0.13%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 1 (0.032%) AIX
16 1 (0.032%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,749 (56.73%) Agile Software Development
2 953 (30.91%) Microservices
3 880 (28.54%) TDD
4 681 (22.09%) Scrum
5 592 (19.20%) DevOps
6 533 (17.29%) Test Automation
7 507 (16.45%) BDD
8 459 (14.89%) Continuous Integration
9 365 (11.84%) MVC
10 315 (10.22%) Kanban
11 255 (8.27%) Software Engineering
12 251 (8.14%) Web Development
13 247 (8.01%) Unit Testing
14 236 (7.65%) OO
15 232 (7.53%) Problem-Solving
16 196 (6.36%) Open Source
17 192 (6.23%) Front End Development
18 188 (6.10%) SOA
19 185 (6.00%) SDLC
20 157 (5.09%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,394 (45.22%) Java
2 1,189 (38.57%) JavaScript
3 690 (22.38%) SQL
4 630 (20.43%) C#
5 389 (12.62%) Java 8
6 371 (12.03%) Python
7 191 (6.20%) TypeScript
8 149 (4.83%) Scala
9 114 (3.70%) ES6
10 108 (3.50%) Ruby
11 89 (2.89%) Bash Shell
12 82 (2.66%) PHP
13 78 (2.53%) PowerShell
14 77 (2.50%) Go
15 66 (2.14%) Apex Code
16 61 (1.98%) Groovy
17 56 (1.82%) Kotlin
17 56 (1.82%) Shell Script
18 50 (1.62%) Apple Swift
19 47 (1.52%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 228 (7.40%) Security Cleared
2 185 (6.00%) SC Cleared
3 164 (5.32%) Degree
4 71 (2.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 29 (0.94%) BPSS Clearance
6 24 (0.78%) DV Cleared
7 22 (0.71%) Master's Degree
8 16 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
8 16 (0.52%) CTC Cleared
8 16 (0.52%) ISTQB
9 14 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
10 13 (0.42%) ITIL Certification
11 9 (0.29%) CCNA
11 9 (0.29%) CISSP
11 9 (0.29%) MCSA
11 9 (0.29%) MCSE
11 9 (0.29%) OCA
11 9 (0.29%) Oracle Certification
11 9 (0.29%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 8 (0.26%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 175 (5.68%) QA
2 39 (1.27%) Data Quality
3 20 (0.65%) GDPR
4 14 (0.45%) WCAG
5 11 (0.36%) GxP
6 10 (0.32%) SEPA
7 6 (0.19%) SLA
8 5 (0.16%) HL7
8 5 (0.16%) PSD2
9 4 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 3 (0.097%) FATCA
10 3 (0.097%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 3 (0.097%) NIST
10 3 (0.097%) PCI DSS
11 2 (0.065%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 2 (0.065%) Solvency II
12 1 (0.032%) Dodd-Frank
12 1 (0.032%) EMIR
12 1 (0.032%) MiFID
12 1 (0.032%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 509 (16.51%) Docker
2 43 (1.39%) Active Directory
3 32 (1.04%) HDFS
4 21 (0.68%) VMware Infrastructure
5 16 (0.52%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 8 (0.26%) vSphere
7 7 (0.23%) Postfix
8 5 (0.16%) Apache Flume
9 4 (0.13%) Firmware
9 4 (0.13%) KVM
9 4 (0.13%) NFS
10 1 (0.032%) iptables
Systems Management
1 288 (9.34%) Kubernetes
2 126 (4.09%) Ansible
3 71 (2.30%) Terraform
4 66 (2.14%) Puppet
5 45 (1.46%) Grafana
6 43 (1.39%) Single Sign-On
7 42 (1.36%) Kibana
7 42 (1.36%) Opscode Chef
8 21 (0.68%) Docker Swarm
9 17 (0.55%) logstash
10 14 (0.45%) HP Quality Center
10 14 (0.45%) PowerCLI
11 13 (0.42%) Hadoop YARN
12 9 (0.29%) Consul
12 9 (0.29%) Graphite
12 9 (0.29%) Prometheus
12 9 (0.29%) Tivoli
12 9 (0.29%) vCenter Server
12 9 (0.29%) ZABBIX
13 7 (0.23%) AirWatch
Vendors
1 296 (9.60%) Oracle
2 280 (9.08%) Microsoft
3 163 (5.29%) Google
4 113 (3.67%) Salesforce.com
5 86 (2.79%) IBM
6 78 (2.53%) MuleSoft
7 69 (2.24%) Splunk
8 67 (2.17%) Atlassian
9 64 (2.08%) SAP
10 58 (1.88%) ServiceNow
11 45 (1.46%) Adobe
12 38 (1.23%) Xamarin
13 34 (1.10%) Red Hat
14 32 (1.04%) WSO2
15 30 (0.97%) AppDynamics
15 30 (0.97%) hybris
16 28 (0.91%) VMware
17 26 (0.84%) CA
18 21 (0.68%) Dell
19 20 (0.65%) HP