Period
to 23 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 23 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
23 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 55 55 69
Rank change year-on-year 0 +14 +46
Contract jobs citing REST 3,790 3,403 3,184
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.10% 3.78% 3.20%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.55% 11.61% 10.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,686 2,344 2,262
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £363 £338 £319
90th Percentile £619 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 34 22
England median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £31.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +41.96% -15.47%
10th Percentile £35.00 £22.88 £19.50
90th Percentile £63.28 £56.56 £44.75
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £31.70
% change year-on-year - +41.96% -25.41%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,809 29,318 30,248
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.50% 32.55% 30.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,362 20,526 21,289
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 318 372 358
England median hourly rate £42.13 £40.00 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.31% +9.59% -1.35%
10th Percentile £15.25 £16.85 £13.50
90th Percentile £59.13 £53.75 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £41.77 £40.00 £36.25
% change year-on-year +4.41% +10.34% -2.08%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 23 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 2,165 £525 +5.00% 411
South East +1 660 £475 +11.76% 147
North of England +1 331 £438 +2.94% 151
Midlands +10 226 £425 - 88
East of England +23 207 £450 +5.88% 69
South West +11 199 £425 +13.33% 79
Yorkshire +5 160 £450 +4.65% 56
West Midlands -7 152 £450 -10.00% 48
North West +9 145 £413 +3.25% 83
East Midlands +21 71 £400 - 40
North East -14 26 £425 -10.53% 12
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 23 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 1,989 (52.48%) Agile Software Development
2 1,862 (49.13%) Java
3 1,501 (39.60%) JavaScript
4 1,340 (35.36%) TDD
5 1,185 (31.27%) Web Services
6 1,173 (30.95%) Git (software)
7 1,074 (28.34%) HTML
8 1,050 (27.70%) Microservices
9 1,001 (26.41%) SOAP
10 965 (25.46%) CSS
11 955 (25.20%) Spring
12 847 (22.35%) Jenkins
13 821 (21.66%) JSON
14 781 (20.61%) Scrum
15 774 (20.42%) BDD
16 752 (19.84%) Continuous Integration
17 739 (19.50%) AngularJS
18 732 (19.31%) SQL
19 713 (18.81%) Docker
20 676 (17.84%) C#
21 673 (17.76%) DevOps
22 659 (17.39%) Amazon AWS
23 656 (17.31%) .NET
24 648 (17.10%) Test Automation
25 639 (16.86%) Java 8
26 626 (16.52%) Finance
27 601 (15.86%) MVC
28 587 (15.49%) Node.js
29 586 (15.46%) JIRA
30 552 (14.56%) Linux

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 384 (10.13%) Confluence
2 172 (4.54%) Elasticsearch
3 164 (4.33%) Apache
4 110 (2.90%) Tomcat
5 108 (2.85%) Apache Spark
6 101 (2.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 97 (2.56%) JBoss
8 89 (2.35%) SharePoint
9 77 (2.03%) WebLogic
10 72 (1.90%) WebSphere
11 65 (1.72%) CMS
12 64 (1.69%) Mule
13 52 (1.37%) WildFly
14 48 (1.27%) IIS
15 46 (1.21%) MQSeries
16 43 (1.13%) Cloud Foundry
17 38 (1.00%) Apache Solr
18 32 (0.84%) NServiceBus
19 31 (0.82%) nginx
19 31 (0.82%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 24 (0.63%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (0.55%) MS Visio
3 19 (0.50%) Photoshop
4 11 (0.29%) Spreadsheet
5 10 (0.26%) Adobe Illustrator
5 10 (0.26%) Fireworks
5 10 (0.26%) InfoPath
6 7 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
7 6 (0.16%) GIMP
7 6 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 3 (0.079%) HipChat
8 3 (0.079%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.053%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.026%) CATIA
10 1 (0.026%) GNU Octave
10 1 (0.026%) InVision
10 1 (0.026%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 19 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.40%) Magento
3 14 (0.37%) Remedy ITSM
4 10 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
5 8 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
6 7 (0.18%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 6 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
7 6 (0.16%) Markit EDM
7 6 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
8 5 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
9 4 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
9 4 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
9 4 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
10 3 (0.079%) Maximo
10 3 (0.079%) Oracle Applications
10 3 (0.079%) Oracle General Ledger
10 3 (0.079%) Oracle Payables
10 3 (0.079%) Oracle Receivables
10 3 (0.079%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 3 (0.079%) SAP MII
Cloud Services
1 659 (17.39%) Amazon AWS
2 508 (13.40%) Microsoft Azure
3 120 (3.17%) GitHub
4 118 (3.11%) Serverless
5 78 (2.06%) AWS Lambda
6 77 (2.03%) PaaS
7 66 (1.74%) npm
8 65 (1.72%) SaaS
9 57 (1.50%) Heroku
10 56 (1.48%) Amazon EC2
10 56 (1.48%) Google Cloud Platform
11 51 (1.35%) Office 365
12 47 (1.24%) OpenShift
13 46 (1.21%) Amazon S3
14 41 (1.08%) IaaS
15 40 (1.06%) Slack
16 30 (0.79%) Azure Functions
17 28 (0.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 25 (0.66%) Cloud Computing
19 24 (0.63%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 287 (7.57%) HTTP
2 101 (2.66%) TCP/IP
3 99 (2.61%) SSL
4 68 (1.79%) DNS
5 58 (1.53%) Internet
6 53 (1.40%) FTP
7 36 (0.95%) Firewall
8 33 (0.87%) Kerberos
9 29 (0.77%) HTTPS
10 27 (0.71%) SSH
11 23 (0.61%) AMQP
12 18 (0.47%) SMS
13 13 (0.34%) VPN
14 11 (0.29%) X.509
15 10 (0.26%) MPLS
15 10 (0.26%) MQTT
16 9 (0.24%) Skype
17 8 (0.21%) Ethernet
17 8 (0.21%) OpenLDAP
17 8 (0.21%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 436 (11.50%) NoSQL
2 433 (11.42%) Relational Database
3 407 (10.74%) MongoDB
4 405 (10.69%) SQL Server
5 297 (7.84%) PostgreSQL
6 265 (6.99%) MySQL
7 194 (5.12%) Big Data
8 183 (4.83%) Apache Cassandra
9 135 (3.56%) RDBMS
10 126 (3.32%) Hadoop
10 126 (3.32%) Redis
11 87 (2.30%) Oracle Database
12 73 (1.93%) Couchbase
13 65 (1.72%) Cosmos DB
14 63 (1.66%) HBase
15 46 (1.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 44 (1.16%) Neo4j
17 40 (1.06%) DB2
18 31 (0.82%) Azure SQL Database
19 28 (0.74%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 1,173 (30.95%) Git (software)
2 847 (22.35%) Jenkins
3 586 (15.46%) JIRA
4 473 (12.48%) Maven
5 374 (9.87%) JUnit
6 298 (7.86%) Selenium
7 244 (6.44%) Cucumber
8 214 (5.65%) Subversion
9 179 (4.72%) Visual Studio
10 168 (4.43%) Mockito
11 137 (3.61%) Gradle
12 132 (3.48%) TeamCity
13 125 (3.30%) Bitbucket
14 112 (2.96%) webpack
15 110 (2.90%) SonarQube
16 98 (2.59%) gulp
17 96 (2.53%) IntelliJ
18 92 (2.43%) Eclipse
19 90 (2.37%) SoapUI
20 88 (2.32%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 626 (16.52%) Finance
2 355 (9.37%) Banking
3 158 (4.17%) Retail
4 87 (2.30%) Investment Banking
5 78 (2.06%) Games
6 73 (1.93%) Marketing
7 58 (1.53%) Telecoms
8 53 (1.40%) Front Office
9 38 (1.00%) Manufacturing
10 33 (0.87%) Advertising
11 28 (0.74%) Back Office
11 28 (0.74%) Electronics
12 27 (0.71%) Law
13 26 (0.69%) Legal
14 25 (0.66%) Publishing
15 22 (0.58%) Financial Institution
16 10 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
17 9 (0.24%) Retail Banking
18 8 (0.21%) French Language
19 7 (0.18%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,747 (72.48%) Developer
2 1,045 (27.57%) Java Developer
3 354 (9.34%) Senior Developer
4 316 (8.34%) .NET Developer
5 286 (7.55%) Architect
6 235 (6.20%) C# Developer
6 235 (6.20%) Full Stack Developer
7 229 (6.04%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 195 (5.15%) JavaScript Developer
8 195 (5.15%) Senior Java Developer
9 192 (5.07%) React Developer
10 168 (4.43%) Angular Developer
11 152 (4.01%) Python Developer
12 137 (3.61%) C# .NET Developer
13 106 (2.80%) Software Engineer
14 104 (2.74%) Consultant
15 102 (2.69%) Agile Developer
16 98 (2.59%) Solutions Architect
17 92 (2.43%) Lead Developer
18 88 (2.32%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,185 (31.27%) Web Services
2 1,074 (28.34%) HTML
3 1,001 (26.41%) SOAP
4 965 (25.46%) CSS
5 955 (25.20%) Spring
6 821 (21.66%) JSON
7 739 (19.50%) AngularJS
8 656 (17.31%) .NET
9 587 (15.49%) Node.js
10 537 (14.17%) HTML5
11 531 (14.01%) XML
12 490 (12.93%) React
13 463 (12.22%) Hibernate
14 417 (11.00%) Spring Boot
15 406 (10.71%) RESTful
16 326 (8.60%) jQuery
17 294 (7.76%) ASP.NET
18 276 (7.28%) J2EE
19 273 (7.20%) CSS3
20 266 (7.02%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 316 (8.34%) User Experience
2 263 (6.94%) Greenfield Project
3 197 (5.20%) Mobile App
4 179 (4.72%) Fintech
5 129 (3.40%) Analytical Skills
6 107 (2.82%) Computer Science
7 90 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
8 85 (2.24%) Algorithms
9 82 (2.16%) Linux Command Line
10 74 (1.95%) Enterprise Software
11 55 (1.45%) Data Structures
12 48 (1.27%) Fixed Income
13 38 (1.00%) Management Information System
14 36 (0.95%) DataPower
15 35 (0.92%) iPad
16 31 (0.82%) Data Centre
16 31 (0.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 30 (0.79%) Public Cloud
18 27 (0.71%) CMDB
19 26 (0.69%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 552 (14.56%) Linux
2 324 (8.55%) Unix
3 224 (5.91%) Windows
4 157 (4.14%) Apple iOS
5 139 (3.67%) Android
6 57 (1.50%) Ubuntu
7 53 (1.40%) VMS
8 45 (1.19%) Windows Server
9 40 (1.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 38 (1.00%) Mac OS X
11 22 (0.58%) CentOS
12 11 (0.29%) Solaris
13 9 (0.24%) AIX
13 9 (0.24%) Mac OS
14 4 (0.11%) Debian
14 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
15 3 (0.079%) CoreOS
15 3 (0.079%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.079%) Windows 7
15 3 (0.079%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,989 (52.48%) Agile Software Development
2 1,340 (35.36%) TDD
3 1,050 (27.70%) Microservices
4 781 (20.61%) Scrum
5 774 (20.42%) BDD
6 752 (19.84%) Continuous Integration
7 673 (17.76%) DevOps
8 648 (17.10%) Test Automation
9 601 (15.86%) MVC
10 385 (10.16%) SOA
11 359 (9.47%) Software Engineering
12 342 (9.02%) OO
13 336 (8.87%) Kanban
14 328 (8.65%) Web Development
15 314 (8.28%) Front End Development
16 309 (8.15%) Unit Testing
17 307 (8.10%) Open Source
18 281 (7.41%) Problem-Solving
19 242 (6.39%) Pair Programming
20 235 (6.20%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 1,862 (49.13%) Java
2 1,501 (39.60%) JavaScript
3 732 (19.31%) SQL
4 676 (17.84%) C#
5 639 (16.86%) Java 8
6 426 (11.24%) Python
7 221 (5.83%) Scala
8 199 (5.25%) ES6
8 199 (5.25%) TypeScript
9 184 (4.85%) Ruby
10 131 (3.46%) PHP
11 125 (3.30%) Groovy
12 103 (2.72%) PowerShell
13 99 (2.61%) Go
14 71 (1.87%) C++
15 69 (1.82%) Bash Shell
16 67 (1.77%) PL/SQL
17 60 (1.58%) C
18 58 (1.53%) Java 9
19 52 (1.37%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 250 (6.60%) Security Cleared
2 214 (5.65%) SC Cleared
3 140 (3.69%) Degree
4 48 (1.27%) Computer Science Degree
5 45 (1.19%) BPSS Clearance
6 20 (0.53%) DV Cleared
7 19 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
8 18 (0.47%) CCNA
8 18 (0.47%) ITIL Certification
9 16 (0.42%) Master's Degree
9 16 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
10 11 (0.29%) ISTQB
11 10 (0.26%) AWS Certification
11 10 (0.26%) ISEB
11 10 (0.26%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 9 (0.24%) CISSP
12 9 (0.24%) MCSE
12 9 (0.24%) Oracle Certification
13 8 (0.21%) MCSA
13 8 (0.21%) OCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 181 (4.78%) QA
2 25 (0.66%) Data Quality
3 13 (0.34%) PSD2
4 12 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
4 12 (0.32%) GDPR
5 11 (0.29%) WCAG
6 9 (0.24%) SLA
7 6 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.16%) PMO
8 2 (0.053%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.026%) HL7
9 1 (0.026%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 1 (0.026%) IFRS
9 1 (0.026%) IFRS 9
9 1 (0.026%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.026%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 713 (18.81%) Docker
2 57 (1.50%) Active Directory
3 36 (0.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 25 (0.66%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 18 (0.47%) HDFS
6 12 (0.32%) vSphere
7 10 (0.26%) Squid
7 10 (0.26%) vCloud
7 10 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
8 9 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
9 8 (0.21%) Postfix
10 6 (0.16%) LXC
10 6 (0.16%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 6 (0.16%) oVirt
10 6 (0.16%) RHEV
10 6 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
10 6 (0.16%) VMware NSX
11 5 (0.13%) Hyper-V
12 4 (0.11%) Varnish
12 4 (0.11%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 304 (8.02%) Kubernetes
2 145 (3.83%) Ansible
3 139 (3.67%) Puppet
4 100 (2.64%) Terraform
5 52 (1.37%) Kibana
5 52 (1.37%) Opscode Chef
6 47 (1.24%) Grafana
7 42 (1.11%) Docker Swarm
8 34 (0.90%) Single Sign-On
9 31 (0.82%) Mesos
10 20 (0.53%) Hadoop YARN
10 20 (0.53%) Rancher
11 17 (0.45%) Prometheus
12 15 (0.40%) logstash
13 14 (0.37%) Nagios
14 13 (0.34%) Graphite
15 11 (0.29%) Marathon
15 11 (0.29%) vCenter Server
15 11 (0.29%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
16 10 (0.26%) Rsyslog
Vendors
1 403 (10.63%) Oracle
2 275 (7.26%) Microsoft
3 146 (3.85%) Google
4 108 (2.85%) IBM
5 87 (2.30%) Atlassian
5 87 (2.30%) Salesforce.com
5 87 (2.30%) SAP
6 59 (1.56%) VMware
7 56 (1.48%) ServiceNow
8 54 (1.42%) Adobe
9 52 (1.37%) MuleSoft
10 50 (1.32%) Splunk
11 48 (1.27%) Apigee
12 47 (1.24%) CA
13 34 (0.90%) Red Hat
14 31 (0.82%) CyberArk
15 24 (0.63%) Sybase
15 24 (0.63%) webMethods
16 23 (0.61%) Cisco
16 23 (0.61%) Nintex