Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 67 61 77
Rank change year-on-year -6 +16 -18
Contract jobs citing REST 2,256 1,007 2,326
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.35% 3.75% 3.02%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.34% 11.76% 9.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,628 708 1,603
10th Percentile £398 £362 £363
25th Percentile £450 £413 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £500 £501
Median % change year-on-year +8.00% -0.10% +0.10%
75th Percentile £640 £583 £588
90th Percentile £700 £664 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 2 17
10th Percentile £41.25 £41.16 £42.75
25th Percentile £51.25 £42.89 £47.50
Median hourly rate £59.00 £46.56 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year +26.71% -15.34% +22.22%
75th Percentile £62.15 £51.02 £73.75
90th Percentile £70.10 £53.22 "
UK median hourly rate £58.25 £40.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year +45.63% -27.27% +22.22%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 19,895 8,563 24,159
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 29.53% 31.92% 31.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,539 6,174 17,215
10th Percentile £363 £314 £340
25th Percentile £438 £404 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £713 £680 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £495 £500
% change year-on-year +6.06% -1.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 209 63 214
10th Percentile £18.58 £21.90 £16.63
25th Percentile £31.25 £30.00 £33.03
Median hourly rate £49.00 £40.00 £45.95
Median % change year-on-year +22.50% -12.95% +10.43%
75th Percentile £63.25 £54.34 £53.75
90th Percentile £72.10 £61.25 £73.75
UK median hourly rate £49.00 £42.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% -6.67% +8.25%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 1,453 £575 +9.52% 397
North of England -36 198 £485 -3.00% 161
South East -12 193 £500 +2.04% 104
North West -20 120 £475 -5.00% 85
South West 0 112 £475 +15.15% 52
Midlands -52 82 £475 +11.76% 89
Yorkshire -44 62 £500 +5.26% 57
West Midlands -38 55 £479 +6.39% 48
East of England -22 44 £495 +7.32% 36
East Midlands -28 27 £450 +6.51% 41
North East -19 16 £488 -7.14% 19
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 1,074 (47.61%) Agile Software Development
2 991 (43.93%) Java
3 729 (32.31%) JavaScript
4 640 (28.37%) Microservices
5 612 (27.13%) SQL
6 585 (25.93%) DevOps
7 564 (25.00%) AWS
8 528 (23.40%) Git (software)
9 523 (23.18%) Azure
10 512 (22.70%) SOAP
11 508 (22.52%) Spring
12 493 (21.85%) Web Services
13 468 (20.74%) Test Automation
14 442 (19.59%) Jenkins
15 425 (18.84%) Docker
16 420 (18.62%) TDD
17 412 (18.26%) HTML
18 411 (18.22%) JSON
19 401 (17.77%) Finance
20 395 (17.51%) Python
21 383 (16.98%) CSS
22 376 (16.67%) React
23 373 (16.53%) Social Skills
24 356 (15.78%) Scrum
25 342 (15.16%) Software Engineering
25 342 (15.16%) C#
26 341 (15.12%) Kubernetes
27 327 (14.49%) AngularJS
28 316 (14.01%) Spring Boot
29 311 (13.79%) .NET

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 133 (5.90%) Confluence
2 66 (2.93%) Apache
3 61 (2.70%) Elasticsearch
4 56 (2.48%) Tomcat
5 49 (2.17%) SharePoint
6 47 (2.08%) CMS
7 46 (2.04%) JBoss
8 35 (1.55%) Mule
9 32 (1.42%) Apache Spark
10 22 (0.98%) Red Hat Fuse
11 20 (0.89%) IIS
12 18 (0.80%) WebSphere
13 17 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
14 15 (0.66%) WebLogic
15 14 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 13 (0.58%) nginx
17 11 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 10 (0.44%) Mule ESB
18 10 (0.44%) OpenStack
19 9 (0.40%) Anypoint
Applications
1 21 (0.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.31%) Chatbot
4 5 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.22%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.13%) Figma
7 2 (0.089%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.089%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.089%) SPSS
8 1 (0.044%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.044%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 26 (1.15%) SunGard Martini
2 16 (0.71%) Dynamics CRM
3 9 (0.40%) Oracle ERP
4 7 (0.31%) Oracle BPM
4 7 (0.31%) SAP Hybris
5 6 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
6 5 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
6 5 (0.22%) Social Studio
7 4 (0.18%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 4 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 3 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
8 3 (0.13%) NetSuite
8 3 (0.13%) Oracle CRM
8 3 (0.13%) SAP CRM
9 2 (0.089%) Dynamics GP
9 2 (0.089%) Magento
9 2 (0.089%) Shopify
10 1 (0.044%) Adobe Campaign
10 1 (0.044%) SAP S/4HANA
10 1 (0.044%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 564 (25.00%) AWS
2 523 (23.18%) Azure
3 186 (8.24%) Serverless
4 175 (7.76%) GitHub
5 163 (7.23%) GCP
6 116 (5.14%) SaaS
7 114 (5.05%) AWS Lambda
8 91 (4.03%) PaaS
9 76 (3.37%) Power Platform
10 63 (2.79%) IaaS
11 54 (2.39%) OpenShift
12 53 (2.35%) AWS CloudFormation
13 46 (2.04%) Microsoft 365
14 45 (1.99%) Azure Service Bus
15 40 (1.77%) Amazon EC2
16 39 (1.73%) Azure Data Factory
17 38 (1.68%) Apigee
18 37 (1.64%) Dynamics 365
19 34 (1.51%) Amazon S3
20 33 (1.46%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 195 (8.64%) HTTP
2 53 (2.35%) TCP/IP
3 38 (1.68%) Firewall
4 33 (1.46%) DNS
5 30 (1.33%) Internet
6 25 (1.11%) HTTPS
7 22 (0.98%) FTP
8 21 (0.93%) SSL
9 15 (0.66%) Intranet
10 13 (0.58%) SSH
11 12 (0.53%) Network Security
11 12 (0.53%) VPN
11 12 (0.53%) Wireshark
12 10 (0.44%) DHCP
13 9 (0.40%) Kerberos
14 7 (0.31%) SMTP
15 6 (0.27%) Extranet
15 6 (0.27%) PuTTY
15 6 (0.27%) SMS
15 6 (0.27%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 260 (11.52%) NoSQL
2 251 (11.13%) SQL Server
3 200 (8.87%) MongoDB
4 181 (8.02%) Relational Database
5 167 (7.40%) PostgreSQL
6 145 (6.43%) MySQL
7 62 (2.75%) Apache Cassandra
8 60 (2.66%) Power BI
9 53 (2.35%) Oracle Database
10 52 (2.30%) Azure SQL Database
11 45 (1.99%) Big Data
12 43 (1.91%) Redis
13 42 (1.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 38 (1.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 36 (1.60%) Data Lake
16 35 (1.55%) RDBMS
17 29 (1.29%) Data Warehouse
18 27 (1.20%) Hadoop
18 27 (1.20%) Oracle Database 12c
19 24 (1.06%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 528 (23.40%) Git (software)
2 442 (19.59%) Jenkins
3 285 (12.63%) Maven
4 249 (11.04%) JIRA
5 167 (7.40%) Cucumber
6 164 (7.27%) JUnit
7 119 (5.27%) Bitbucket
8 99 (4.39%) Selenium
9 94 (4.17%) Mockito
10 90 (3.99%) TeamCity
11 76 (3.37%) GitLab
12 74 (3.28%) Subversion
13 69 (3.06%) Visual Studio
14 61 (2.70%) Postman
15 59 (2.62%) JMeter
16 57 (2.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 55 (2.44%) SpecFlow
18 54 (2.39%) Sonatype Nexus
19 50 (2.22%) Gradle
20 44 (1.95%) Jasmine
General
1 401 (17.77%) Finance
2 373 (16.53%) Social Skills
3 258 (11.44%) Banking
4 120 (5.32%) Analytical Skills
5 102 (4.52%) Investment Banking
6 86 (3.81%) Public Sector
7 80 (3.55%) Retail
8 58 (2.57%) Front Office
9 37 (1.64%) Presentation Skills
10 33 (1.46%) Marketing
11 32 (1.42%) Telecoms
12 24 (1.06%) Retail Banking
13 23 (1.02%) Financial Institution
14 18 (0.80%) Law
15 15 (0.66%) Legal
15 15 (0.66%) Manufacturing
16 13 (0.58%) Back Office
16 13 (0.58%) Influencing Skills
16 13 (0.58%) Pharmaceutical
17 12 (0.53%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1,333 (59.09%) Developer
2 370 (16.40%) Java Developer
3 231 (10.24%) Senior Developer
4 203 (9.00%) Architect
5 133 (5.90%) Software Engineer
6 114 (5.05%) Full Stack Developer
7 106 (4.70%) .NET Developer
8 95 (4.21%) Python Developer
9 94 (4.17%) Solutions Architect
10 91 (4.03%) React Developer
11 86 (3.81%) Senior Java Developer
12 80 (3.55%) Consultant
13 73 (3.24%) Java Engineer
14 65 (2.88%) C# Developer
15 64 (2.84%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 52 (2.30%) Salesforce Developer
17 51 (2.26%) Software Developer
18 48 (2.13%) DevOps Engineer
19 44 (1.95%) Tester
20 42 (1.86%) Senior Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 512 (22.70%) SOAP
2 508 (22.52%) Spring
3 493 (21.85%) Web Services
4 412 (18.26%) HTML
5 411 (18.22%) JSON
6 383 (16.98%) CSS
7 376 (16.67%) React
8 327 (14.49%) AngularJS
9 316 (14.01%) Spring Boot
10 311 (13.79%) .NET
11 308 (13.65%) XML
12 273 (12.10%) Node.js
13 179 (7.93%) Kafka
14 156 (6.91%) GraphQL
15 129 (5.72%) .NET Framework
16 128 (5.67%) .NET Core
17 124 (5.50%) HTML5
18 115 (5.10%) OAuth
19 103 (4.57%) Middleware
19 103 (4.57%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 134 (5.94%) User Experience
2 130 (5.76%) Mobile App
3 61 (2.70%) Data Structures
4 58 (2.57%) Data Protection Act
5 54 (2.39%) Greenfield Project
6 53 (2.35%) Cloud Native
7 49 (2.17%) Enterprise Software
8 45 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
9 42 (1.86%) Algorithms
10 33 (1.46%) Public Cloud
10 33 (1.46%) Virtual Team
11 30 (1.33%) Private Cloud
12 22 (0.98%) Data Centre
13 20 (0.89%) Fixed Income
14 18 (0.80%) Management Information System
15 16 (0.71%) Reference Data
16 14 (0.62%) Hedge funds
16 14 (0.62%) Media Streaming
16 14 (0.62%) Video\Live Streaming
17 13 (0.58%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 266 (11.79%) Linux
2 141 (6.25%) Unix
3 130 (5.76%) Windows
4 74 (3.28%) Android
5 72 (3.19%) Apple iOS
6 27 (1.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 19 (0.84%) Windows Server
8 10 (0.44%) Solaris
9 7 (0.31%) Mac OS X
10 6 (0.27%) Ubuntu
11 5 (0.22%) Windows Server 2019
12 4 (0.18%) CentOS
12 4 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
12 4 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
13 3 (0.13%) VMS
13 3 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
14 2 (0.089%) Debian
15 1 (0.044%) Windows 10
15 1 (0.044%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,074 (47.61%) Agile Software Development
2 640 (28.37%) Microservices
3 585 (25.93%) DevOps
4 468 (20.74%) Test Automation
5 420 (18.62%) TDD
6 356 (15.78%) Scrum
7 342 (15.16%) Software Engineering
8 242 (10.73%) Full Stack Development
9 228 (10.11%) BDD
10 212 (9.40%) Continuous Integration
11 177 (7.85%) Problem-Solving
12 176 (7.80%) Unit Testing
13 153 (6.78%) OO
14 147 (6.52%) SDLC
15 131 (5.81%) API Development
16 121 (5.36%) Front End Development
17 116 (5.14%) API Design
17 116 (5.14%) Mentoring
18 113 (5.01%) Kanban
19 109 (4.83%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 991 (43.93%) Java
2 729 (32.31%) JavaScript
3 612 (27.13%) SQL
4 395 (17.51%) Python
5 342 (15.16%) C#
6 242 (10.73%) TypeScript
7 210 (9.31%) Java 8
8 94 (4.17%) Java 11
9 93 (4.12%) Scala
10 90 (3.99%) Bash Shell
10 90 (3.99%) Kotlin
11 89 (3.95%) PowerShell
12 63 (2.79%) C++
13 58 (2.57%) PHP
14 57 (2.53%) Go
15 51 (2.26%) T-SQL
16 48 (2.13%) Apex Code
17 46 (2.04%) Apple Swift
18 42 (1.86%) ES6
19 40 (1.77%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 137 (6.07%) Security Cleared
2 113 (5.01%) SC Cleared
3 106 (4.70%) Degree
4 40 (1.77%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (1.24%) BPSS Clearance
6 24 (1.06%) ISTQB
7 23 (1.02%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 20 (0.89%) DV Cleared
9 17 (0.75%) Master's Degree
10 12 (0.53%) AWS Certification
10 12 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
11 8 (0.35%) ITIL Certification
12 7 (0.31%) DBS Check
13 5 (0.22%) PhD
14 4 (0.18%) CISSP
14 4 (0.18%) MCSE
14 4 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
15 3 (0.13%) CEH
15 3 (0.13%) CISA
15 3 (0.13%) CRISC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 119 (5.27%) QA
2 45 (1.99%) Accessibility
3 17 (0.75%) GDPR
4 12 (0.53%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 9 (0.40%) Data Quality
5 9 (0.40%) WCAG
6 7 (0.31%) GRC
7 6 (0.27%) SLA
8 4 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
9 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 3 (0.13%) MiFID
9 3 (0.13%) NIST
10 2 (0.089%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.089%) HL7
11 1 (0.044%) DICOM
11 1 (0.044%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.044%) ISO 9000
11 1 (0.044%) NCSC
11 1 (0.044%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.044%) PSD2
System Software
1 425 (18.84%) Docker
2 63 (2.79%) Active Directory
3 17 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.58%) OpenAM
5 10 (0.44%) NFS
6 7 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 6 (0.27%) OpenDJ
7 6 (0.27%) OpenIDM
8 5 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
8 5 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
9 4 (0.18%) vSphere
10 3 (0.13%) Postfix
10 3 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
11 2 (0.089%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.089%) Platform Symphony
11 2 (0.089%) Veritas File System
11 2 (0.089%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 1 (0.044%) HDFS
12 1 (0.044%) RHEV
12 1 (0.044%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 341 (15.12%) Kubernetes
2 156 (6.91%) Terraform
3 77 (3.41%) Ansible
4 33 (1.46%) Grafana
5 30 (1.33%) Kibana
6 28 (1.24%) Opscode Chef
6 28 (1.24%) Single Sign-On
7 26 (1.15%) BladeLogic
7 26 (1.15%) Puppet
8 22 (0.98%) Prometheus
9 14 (0.62%) Microsoft Intune
10 10 (0.44%) Istio
10 10 (0.44%) Nagios
11 9 (0.40%) logstash
12 8 (0.35%) Packer
12 8 (0.35%) Rancher
13 7 (0.31%) CloudHub
14 6 (0.27%) Graphite
14 6 (0.27%) HP Fortify
14 6 (0.27%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 275 (12.19%) Oracle
2 156 (6.91%) Microsoft
3 98 (4.34%) Salesforce.com
4 71 (3.15%) ServiceNow
5 64 (2.84%) Google
6 59 (2.62%) Splunk
7 56 (2.48%) MuleSoft
8 44 (1.95%) IBM
9 43 (1.91%) SAP
10 39 (1.73%) Atlassian
11 29 (1.29%) Red Hat
12 27 (1.20%) FIS
13 26 (1.15%) SunGard
14 22 (0.98%) AppDynamics
14 22 (0.98%) Databricks
14 22 (0.98%) VMware
15 21 (0.93%) Sybase
16 18 (0.80%) webMethods
17 17 (0.75%) Dynatrace
18 16 (0.71%) Xamarin