Period
to 17 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 17 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 58 59 74
Rank change year-on-year +1 +15 +50
Contract jobs citing REST 3,779 3,115 2,972
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.00% 3.56% 2.92%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.64% 10.99% 10.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,631 2,107 2,094
England median daily rate £500 £450 £458
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -1.64% +10.24%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £319
90th Percentile £613 £594 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +8.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 29 25
England median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +16.13% +7.64%
10th Percentile £20.90 £23.19 £22.04
90th Percentile £51.00 £57.50 £55.90
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year -5.56% +16.13% +7.64%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,459 28,347 29,616
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.33% 32.40% 29.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,052 19,643 20,943
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £319 £306 £295
90th Percentile £631 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 354 369 379
England median hourly rate £41.57 £40.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.64% +8.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £15.24 £16.00 £13.50
90th Percentile £58.38 £53.80 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £41.21 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.01% +6.67% +4.17%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 17 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 17 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 17 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 2,159 £525 +6.71% 407
South East -1 722 £478 +12.35% 170
North of England -5 368 £430 +1.18% 150
East of England +20 181 £450 +5.88% 66
South West +9 173 £425 +6.25% 65
Yorkshire +2 171 £450 +4.65% 57
Midlands -24 170 £423 -6.11% 60
North West 0 166 £401 +0.13% 88
West Midlands -36 106 £413 -13.97% 37
East Midlands +5 64 £425 +6.25% 23
North East -33 34 £463 +11.65% 5
South Coast - 2 - -
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 17 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 2,029 (53.69%) Agile Software Development
2 1,975 (52.26%) Java
3 1,431 (37.87%) JavaScript
4 1,375 (36.39%) TDD
5 1,266 (33.50%) Web Services
6 1,148 (30.38%) Git (software)
7 1,068 (28.26%) SOAP
8 1,007 (26.65%) HTML
9 1,006 (26.62%) Microservices
10 956 (25.30%) Spring
11 879 (23.26%) CSS
12 855 (22.63%) JSON
13 854 (22.60%) Jenkins
14 836 (22.12%) Scrum
15 813 (21.51%) Continuous Integration
16 745 (19.71%) BDD
17 740 (19.58%) SQL
18 685 (18.13%) Amazon AWS
19 678 (17.94%) AngularJS
20 658 (17.41%) .NET
21 643 (17.02%) Linux
22 640 (16.94%) Finance
23 637 (16.86%) Test Automation
24 635 (16.80%) C#
25 634 (16.78%) Java 8
26 621 (16.43%) Docker
27 618 (16.35%) DevOps
28 616 (16.30%) JIRA
29 604 (15.98%) XML
30 588 (15.56%) MVC

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 385 (10.19%) Confluence
2 213 (5.64%) Apache
3 167 (4.42%) Tomcat
4 161 (4.26%) Elasticsearch
5 118 (3.12%) JBoss
6 116 (3.07%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 109 (2.88%) Apache Spark
8 97 (2.57%) WebSphere
9 73 (1.93%) WebLogic
10 72 (1.91%) SharePoint
11 57 (1.51%) CMS
12 52 (1.38%) Cloud Foundry
13 51 (1.35%) Mule
14 39 (1.03%) WildFly
15 38 (1.01%) Apache Solr
16 36 (0.95%) IIS
17 34 (0.90%) NServiceBus
18 31 (0.82%) MQSeries
19 30 (0.79%) Adobe Experience Manager
20 26 (0.69%) nginx
Applications
1 42 (1.11%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (0.66%) MS Visio
3 21 (0.56%) Photoshop
4 17 (0.45%) Adobe Illustrator
5 14 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
6 10 (0.26%) InfoPath
7 9 (0.24%) Fireworks
7 9 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 8 (0.21%) GIMP
9 7 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
10 6 (0.16%) HipChat
10 6 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
11 5 (0.13%) CATIA
11 5 (0.13%) Chatbot
12 1 (0.026%) InVision
12 1 (0.026%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 18 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.45%) Magento
3 13 (0.34%) Remedy ITSM
4 9 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
5 8 (0.21%) BusinessWorks
5 8 (0.21%) Elite 3E
6 7 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
6 7 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
7 6 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
7 6 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
7 6 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 6 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
8 5 (0.13%) DELMIA
8 5 (0.13%) ENOVIA
8 5 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
8 5 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
9 4 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
9 4 (0.11%) Markit EDM
10 3 (0.079%) Dynamics NAV
10 3 (0.079%) SAP MII
Cloud Services
1 685 (18.13%) Amazon AWS
2 507 (13.42%) Microsoft Azure
3 120 (3.18%) GitHub
4 78 (2.06%) PaaS
5 74 (1.96%) Serverless
6 70 (1.85%) SaaS
7 61 (1.61%) Slack
8 53 (1.40%) npm
9 52 (1.38%) Google Cloud Platform
10 51 (1.35%) OpenShift
11 50 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
11 50 (1.32%) Heroku
12 49 (1.30%) AWS Lambda
13 42 (1.11%) Amazon S3
14 41 (1.08%) Office 365
15 39 (1.03%) IaaS
16 33 (0.87%) Force.com
17 29 (0.77%) Cloud Computing
18 19 (0.50%) Boomi
18 19 (0.50%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 308 (8.15%) HTTP
2 85 (2.25%) SSL
3 81 (2.14%) TCP/IP
4 64 (1.69%) Internet
5 59 (1.56%) DNS
6 57 (1.51%) FTP
7 27 (0.71%) SMS
8 24 (0.64%) Firewall
8 24 (0.64%) Kerberos
9 19 (0.50%) HTTPS
9 19 (0.50%) SSH
10 18 (0.48%) AMQP
11 11 (0.29%) SMTP
12 10 (0.26%) MPLS
13 9 (0.24%) X.509
14 8 (0.21%) Bluetooth
14 8 (0.21%) Ethernet
14 8 (0.21%) MQTT
14 8 (0.21%) SNMP
14 8 (0.21%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 509 (13.47%) Relational Database
2 438 (11.59%) NoSQL
3 429 (11.35%) SQL Server
4 333 (8.81%) MongoDB
5 290 (7.67%) PostgreSQL
6 271 (7.17%) MySQL
7 235 (6.22%) Big Data
8 174 (4.60%) Apache Cassandra
9 167 (4.42%) RDBMS
10 159 (4.21%) Hadoop
11 132 (3.49%) Redis
12 103 (2.73%) Oracle Database
13 88 (2.33%) HBase
14 64 (1.69%) Neo4j
15 52 (1.38%) Cosmos DB
16 44 (1.16%) SQL Server 2012
17 37 (0.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 36 (0.95%) SQL Server 2016
19 35 (0.93%) DB2
19 35 (0.93%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 1,148 (30.38%) Git (software)
2 854 (22.60%) Jenkins
3 616 (16.30%) JIRA
4 462 (12.23%) Maven
5 393 (10.40%) JUnit
6 265 (7.01%) Selenium
7 253 (6.69%) Cucumber
8 236 (6.25%) Subversion
9 203 (5.37%) Visual Studio
10 171 (4.53%) Gradle
11 154 (4.08%) Mockito
12 135 (3.57%) TeamCity
13 111 (2.94%) Bitbucket
14 105 (2.78%) Eclipse
15 101 (2.67%) Team Foundation Server
16 100 (2.65%) SonarQube
17 87 (2.30%) SoapUI
17 87 (2.30%) webpack
18 85 (2.25%) Visual Studio Team System
19 84 (2.22%) gulp
General
1 640 (16.94%) Finance
2 338 (8.94%) Banking
3 142 (3.76%) Retail
4 74 (1.96%) Telecoms
5 73 (1.93%) Investment Banking
6 67 (1.77%) Games
7 62 (1.64%) Marketing
8 49 (1.30%) Financial Institution
9 42 (1.11%) Advertising
9 42 (1.11%) Front Office
9 42 (1.11%) Manufacturing
10 28 (0.74%) Electronics
11 23 (0.61%) Law
11 23 (0.61%) Legal
12 21 (0.56%) Back Office
13 19 (0.50%) Publishing
14 7 (0.19%) Automotive
14 7 (0.19%) Retail Banking
15 5 (0.13%) French Language
15 5 (0.13%) Russian Language
Job Titles
1 2,677 (70.84%) Developer
2 1,038 (27.47%) Java Developer
3 392 (10.37%) Senior Developer
4 348 (9.21%) Architect
5 291 (7.70%) .NET Developer
6 217 (5.74%) JavaScript Developer
7 205 (5.42%) Senior Java Developer
8 195 (5.16%) C# Developer
8 195 (5.16%) Python Developer
9 184 (4.87%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 176 (4.66%) Full Stack Developer
11 169 (4.47%) React Developer
12 132 (3.49%) C# .NET Developer
13 129 (3.41%) Solutions Architect
14 123 (3.25%) Angular Developer
15 118 (3.12%) Software Engineer
16 111 (2.94%) Agile Developer
17 97 (2.57%) Lead Developer
18 93 (2.46%) Django Developer
18 93 (2.46%) Python/Django Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,266 (33.50%) Web Services
2 1,068 (28.26%) SOAP
3 1,007 (26.65%) HTML
4 956 (25.30%) Spring
5 879 (23.26%) CSS
6 855 (22.63%) JSON
7 678 (17.94%) AngularJS
8 658 (17.41%) .NET
9 604 (15.98%) XML
10 563 (14.90%) Node.js
11 533 (14.10%) HTML5
12 484 (12.81%) Hibernate
13 427 (11.30%) React
14 398 (10.53%) RESTful
15 367 (9.71%) Spring Boot
16 305 (8.07%) ASP.NET
17 298 (7.89%) Kafka
18 296 (7.83%) JMS
19 292 (7.73%) jQuery
20 288 (7.62%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 333 (8.81%) User Experience
2 235 (6.22%) Greenfield Project
3 222 (5.87%) Mobile App
4 143 (3.78%) Fintech
5 121 (3.20%) Analytical Skills
6 108 (2.86%) Enterprise Software
7 102 (2.70%) Computer Science
8 86 (2.28%) Linux Command Line
9 83 (2.20%) Self-Motivation
10 71 (1.88%) Algorithms
11 51 (1.35%) Data Structures
12 49 (1.30%) iPad
13 41 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 40 (1.06%) Management Information System
15 39 (1.03%) Virtual Team
16 37 (0.98%) Fixed Income
17 34 (0.90%) Equities
17 34 (0.90%) Public Cloud
18 28 (0.74%) Data Centre
18 28 (0.74%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 643 (17.02%) Linux
2 356 (9.42%) Unix
3 243 (6.43%) Windows
4 181 (4.79%) Android
5 167 (4.42%) Apple iOS
6 63 (1.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 49 (1.30%) Mac OS X
8 40 (1.06%) Ubuntu
9 39 (1.03%) Windows Server
10 38 (1.01%) VMS
11 18 (0.48%) CentOS
12 16 (0.42%) Solaris
13 11 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
14 8 (0.21%) HPUX
15 6 (0.16%) Windows 7
16 5 (0.13%) Windows 10
16 5 (0.13%) Windows Mobile
17 4 (0.11%) SUSE
17 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
18 3 (0.079%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,029 (53.69%) Agile Software Development
2 1,375 (36.39%) TDD
3 1,006 (26.62%) Microservices
4 836 (22.12%) Scrum
5 813 (21.51%) Continuous Integration
6 745 (19.71%) BDD
7 637 (16.86%) Test Automation
8 618 (16.35%) DevOps
9 588 (15.56%) MVC
10 437 (11.56%) SOA
11 418 (11.06%) OO
12 374 (9.90%) Kanban
12 374 (9.90%) Software Engineering
13 363 (9.61%) Web Development
14 342 (9.05%) Open Source
15 296 (7.83%) Unit Testing
16 282 (7.46%) Problem-Solving
17 260 (6.88%) E-Commerce
18 244 (6.46%) Pair Programming
19 234 (6.19%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,975 (52.26%) Java
2 1,431 (37.87%) JavaScript
3 740 (19.58%) SQL
4 635 (16.80%) C#
5 634 (16.78%) Java 8
6 462 (12.23%) Python
7 215 (5.69%) Scala
8 170 (4.50%) ES6
8 170 (4.50%) Ruby
9 158 (4.18%) TypeScript
10 126 (3.33%) PHP
11 121 (3.20%) PowerShell
12 114 (3.02%) Groovy
13 78 (2.06%) Shell Script
14 72 (1.91%) Go
15 69 (1.83%) C++
15 69 (1.83%) XPath
16 67 (1.77%) Bash Shell
17 63 (1.67%) C
17 63 (1.67%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 217 (5.74%) Security Cleared
2 176 (4.66%) SC Cleared
3 169 (4.47%) Degree
4 53 (1.40%) BPSS Clearance
5 52 (1.38%) Computer Science Degree
6 21 (0.56%) DV Cleared
7 18 (0.48%) Master's Degree
8 15 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
9 13 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
9 13 (0.34%) ITIL Certification
10 12 (0.32%) CCNA
11 10 (0.26%) AWS Certification
12 9 (0.24%) MCSE
12 9 (0.24%) TOGAF Certification
13 8 (0.21%) CCSA
13 8 (0.21%) CISM
13 8 (0.21%) CISSP
13 8 (0.21%) Numerate Degree
13 8 (0.21%) Sun Certification
14 7 (0.19%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 198 (5.24%) QA
2 45 (1.19%) Data Quality
3 12 (0.32%) WCAG
4 11 (0.29%) GCP
4 11 (0.29%) PSD2
4 11 (0.29%) SLA
5 10 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
5 10 (0.26%) GDPR
6 9 (0.24%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 7 (0.19%) PMO
9 3 (0.079%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.026%) COBIT
10 1 (0.026%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.026%) IFRS
10 1 (0.026%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.026%) ISO 20022
10 1 (0.026%) SEPA
System Software
1 621 (16.43%) Docker
2 102 (2.70%) Active Directory
3 37 (0.98%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 35 (0.93%) VMware Infrastructure
5 31 (0.82%) HDFS
6 10 (0.26%) Hyper-V
7 9 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
8 8 (0.21%) vSphere
9 7 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
10 6 (0.16%) LXC
10 6 (0.16%) Varnish
10 6 (0.16%) VMware Server
11 5 (0.13%) Squid
12 4 (0.11%) vCloud
13 3 (0.079%) EMC RecoverPoint
13 3 (0.079%) oVirt
13 3 (0.079%) Postfix
13 3 (0.079%) RHEV
13 3 (0.079%) Xen
13 3 (0.079%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 219 (5.80%) Kubernetes
2 149 (3.94%) Puppet
3 118 (3.12%) Ansible
4 95 (2.51%) Terraform
5 66 (1.75%) Opscode Chef
6 42 (1.11%) Single Sign-On
7 37 (0.98%) Grafana
8 36 (0.95%) Docker Swarm
9 33 (0.87%) Hadoop YARN
10 31 (0.82%) Mesos
11 28 (0.74%) Kibana
12 16 (0.42%) Prometheus
13 14 (0.37%) Graylog
14 13 (0.34%) Marathon
14 13 (0.34%) Nagios
15 10 (0.26%) HP ALM
15 10 (0.26%) Nessus
16 9 (0.24%) ITRS Geneos
16 9 (0.24%) SCCM
17 8 (0.21%) Rancher
Vendors
1 424 (11.22%) Oracle
2 291 (7.70%) Microsoft
3 129 (3.41%) Google
4 121 (3.20%) IBM
5 103 (2.73%) Atlassian
6 102 (2.70%) Salesforce.com
7 81 (2.14%) SAP
8 65 (1.72%) Red Hat
9 52 (1.38%) ServiceNow
10 49 (1.30%) CA
10 49 (1.30%) MuleSoft
11 48 (1.27%) Adobe
12 47 (1.24%) VMware
13 40 (1.06%) Splunk
14 28 (0.74%) Sitecore
15 27 (0.71%) Tableau
16 24 (0.64%) Apigee
17 23 (0.61%) Capita
18 22 (0.58%) Dell
19 21 (0.56%) HP