Period
to 26 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 26 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 73 56 58
Rank change year-on-year -17 +2 +12
Contract jobs citing REST 1,936 3,886 3,499
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.00% 4.29% 3.78%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.90% 12.44% 11.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,297 2,673 2,552
England median daily rate £525 £513 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +5.13% +8.33%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £338
90th Percentile £650 £638 £614
UK median daily rate £513 £500 £480
% change year-on-year +2.50% +4.17% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 28 31
England median hourly rate £46.00 £47.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.16% +5.56% +20.00%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £21.25
90th Percentile £74.25 £61.34 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -3.16% +5.56% +20.00%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 19,551 31,234 30,035
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.29% 34.51% 32.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,635 22,191 21,631
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.10% +5.16% +11.11%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £630
UK median daily rate £490 £480 £463
% change year-on-year +2.08% +3.78% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 217 266 328
England median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% -
10th Percentile £20.18 £19.13 £18.18
90th Percentile £78.75 £58.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.52 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.37% +3.79% -

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 26 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 26 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 26 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -12 1,119 £550 - 395
South East -31 259 £475 - 142
North of England -20 206 £428 -4.04% 159
Midlands -23 142 £473 +5.00% 86
South West -24 137 £450 - 54
West Midlands -12 111 £475 +5.56% 43
North West -16 92 £413 -4.07% 86
Yorkshire -11 77 £475 +5.56% 55
East of England -64 44 £538 +22.86% 51
North East +9 37 £425 -10.53% 18
East Midlands -7 31 £405 +1.25% 43
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 26 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 936 (48.35%) Agile Software Development
2 782 (40.39%) Java
3 666 (34.40%) JavaScript
4 574 (29.65%) Microservices
5 508 (26.24%) Web Services
6 501 (25.88%) SOAP
7 476 (24.59%) Git (software)
8 467 (24.12%) JSON
9 447 (23.09%) SQL
10 432 (22.31%) Docker
11 423 (21.85%) HTML
11 423 (21.85%) AWS
12 416 (21.49%) Spring
13 408 (21.07%) Scrum
14 400 (20.66%) TDD
15 398 (20.56%) CSS
16 391 (20.20%) AngularJS
17 390 (20.14%) DevOps
18 379 (19.58%) Jenkins
19 351 (18.13%) XML
20 298 (15.39%) C#
21 294 (15.19%) Test Automation
22 289 (14.93%) Azure
23 286 (14.77%) SQL Server
24 285 (14.72%) Continuous Integration
25 284 (14.67%) Python
26 267 (13.79%) .NET
27 263 (13.58%) Node.js
28 258 (13.33%) React
29 257 (13.27%) Linux

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 139 (7.18%) Confluence
2 125 (6.46%) Elasticsearch
3 68 (3.51%) Apache
4 55 (2.84%) WebLogic
5 47 (2.43%) JBoss
6 44 (2.27%) SharePoint
6 44 (2.27%) Tomcat
7 29 (1.50%) CMS
8 25 (1.29%) nginx
9 24 (1.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 21 (1.08%) IIS
10 21 (1.08%) Red Hat Fuse
11 19 (0.98%) Apache Spark
12 18 (0.93%) ArcGIS
13 13 (0.67%) Mule
13 13 (0.67%) SharePoint 2013
14 12 (0.62%) MQSeries
15 9 (0.46%) Drupal
15 9 (0.46%) SAS
16 8 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 15 (0.77%) Photoshop
2 10 (0.52%) GIMP
3 7 (0.36%) Chatbot
3 7 (0.36%) InVision
4 6 (0.31%) Figma
4 6 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.31%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.21%) InDesign
5 4 (0.21%) InfoPath
5 4 (0.21%) Sketch
6 3 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Excel
8 1 (0.052%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 25 (1.29%) Remedy ITSM
2 11 (0.57%) Magento
3 10 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
4 9 (0.46%) NetSuite
5 8 (0.41%) thinkFolio
6 7 (0.36%) PeopleSoft HCM
7 5 (0.26%) R3 Corda
7 5 (0.26%) Shopify
8 4 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
8 4 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
8 4 (0.21%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 4 (0.21%) Temenos T24
9 3 (0.15%) Eloqua
9 3 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
9 3 (0.15%) SAP MM
10 2 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
10 2 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
10 2 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.10%) Social Studio
11 1 (0.052%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 423 (21.85%) AWS
2 289 (14.93%) Azure
3 102 (5.27%) GCP
4 101 (5.22%) GitHub
5 88 (4.55%) Serverless
6 86 (4.44%) SaaS
7 52 (2.69%) Power Platform
8 47 (2.43%) PaaS
9 45 (2.32%) Amazon EC2
10 38 (1.96%) Azure Active Directory
11 34 (1.76%) Google Analytics
12 32 (1.65%) AWS Lambda
13 31 (1.60%) Amazon SQS
14 30 (1.55%) npm
15 29 (1.50%) IaaS
16 28 (1.45%) Azure Functions
17 25 (1.29%) Amazon S3
18 21 (1.08%) OpenShift
19 19 (0.98%) Slack
20 16 (0.83%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 182 (9.40%) HTTP
2 63 (3.25%) SSL
3 60 (3.10%) TCP/IP
4 31 (1.60%) HTTPS
5 30 (1.55%) SNMP
6 24 (1.24%) DNS
7 19 (0.98%) Firewall
7 19 (0.98%) FTP
8 14 (0.72%) MQTT
9 11 (0.57%) Internet
9 11 (0.57%) Kerberos
10 9 (0.46%) AMQP
11 7 (0.36%) VoIP
12 6 (0.31%) DHCP
12 6 (0.31%) DSL
12 6 (0.31%) TETRA
12 6 (0.31%) VPN
13 5 (0.26%) DOCSIS
13 5 (0.26%) Intranet
13 5 (0.26%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 286 (14.77%) SQL Server
2 167 (8.63%) MySQL
3 165 (8.52%) NoSQL
4 159 (8.21%) PostgreSQL
5 137 (7.08%) MongoDB
5 137 (7.08%) Relational Database
6 47 (2.43%) Big Data
7 43 (2.22%) Redis
8 42 (2.17%) Power BI
9 41 (2.12%) Amazon RDS
9 41 (2.12%) Data Warehouse
9 41 (2.12%) RDBMS
10 38 (1.96%) Apache Cassandra
11 37 (1.91%) Cosmos DB
11 37 (1.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 32 (1.65%) Oracle Database
13 27 (1.39%) Azure SQL Database
14 24 (1.24%) Hadoop
15 22 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 17 (0.88%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 476 (24.59%) Git (software)
2 379 (19.58%) Jenkins
3 227 (11.73%) JIRA
4 198 (10.23%) JUnit
5 194 (10.02%) Maven
6 142 (7.33%) Selenium
7 123 (6.35%) Cucumber
8 114 (5.89%) Mockito
9 94 (4.86%) Gradle
10 73 (3.77%) GitLab
11 68 (3.51%) Bitbucket
12 67 (3.46%) gulp
13 54 (2.79%) webpack
14 49 (2.53%) Subversion
15 47 (2.43%) Gatling
16 46 (2.38%) SonarQube
17 42 (2.17%) Eclipse
17 42 (2.17%) Jasmine
17 42 (2.17%) Postman
17 42 (2.17%) TeamCity
General
1 250 (12.91%) Finance
2 118 (6.10%) Banking
3 111 (5.73%) Public Sector
4 85 (4.39%) Retail
5 64 (3.31%) Marketing
6 37 (1.91%) Front Office
6 37 (1.91%) Telecoms
7 19 (0.98%) Games
8 14 (0.72%) Advertising
8 14 (0.72%) Law
9 13 (0.67%) Manufacturing
9 13 (0.67%) Publishing
10 11 (0.57%) Investment Banking
11 9 (0.46%) Back Office
12 7 (0.36%) Legal
13 6 (0.31%) Electronics
13 6 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
14 5 (0.26%) Financial Institution
14 5 (0.26%) Local Government
14 5 (0.26%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 1,276 (65.91%) Developer
2 339 (17.51%) Java Developer
3 172 (8.88%) Architect
4 135 (6.97%) Senior Developer
5 112 (5.79%) React Developer
6 102 (5.27%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 101 (5.22%) .NET Developer
8 85 (4.39%) Full Stack Developer
9 82 (4.24%) Angular Developer
10 68 (3.51%) C# Developer
11 62 (3.20%) JavaScript Developer
12 61 (3.15%) Solutions Architect
13 55 (2.84%) Consultant
14 54 (2.79%) Software Engineer
15 53 (2.74%) AWS Developer
15 53 (2.74%) Salesforce Developer
16 51 (2.63%) Android Developer
17 48 (2.48%) Scala Developer
18 47 (2.43%) Analyst
19 46 (2.38%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 508 (26.24%) Web Services
2 501 (25.88%) SOAP
3 467 (24.12%) JSON
4 423 (21.85%) HTML
5 416 (21.49%) Spring
6 398 (20.56%) CSS
7 391 (20.20%) AngularJS
8 351 (18.13%) XML
9 267 (13.79%) .NET
10 263 (13.58%) Node.js
11 258 (13.33%) React
12 225 (11.62%) HTML5
13 194 (10.02%) Spring Boot
14 157 (8.11%) Kafka
15 150 (7.75%) RESTful
16 137 (7.08%) CSS3
17 118 (6.10%) Hibernate
18 112 (5.79%) jQuery
19 96 (4.96%) ASP.NET
19 96 (4.96%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 135 (6.97%) User Experience
2 112 (5.79%) Analytical Skills
3 89 (4.60%) Greenfield Project
4 78 (4.03%) Mobile App
5 74 (3.82%) Enterprise Software
6 63 (3.25%) Algorithms
7 39 (2.01%) Data Structures
8 36 (1.86%) PKI
9 32 (1.65%) Virtual Team
10 30 (1.55%) Self-Motivation
11 27 (1.39%) Fixed Income
12 26 (1.34%) Derivative
13 25 (1.29%) Management Information System
14 24 (1.24%) Linux Command Line
15 23 (1.19%) Client/Server
16 22 (1.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 21 (1.08%) iPad
18 14 (0.72%) Private Cloud
19 13 (0.67%) Data Centre
19 13 (0.67%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 257 (13.27%) Linux
2 103 (5.32%) Unix
3 101 (5.22%) Windows
4 94 (4.86%) Android
5 91 (4.70%) Apple iOS
6 24 (1.24%) CentOS
7 23 (1.19%) Mac OS X
8 22 (1.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 15 (0.77%) Windows Server
10 14 (0.72%) Ubuntu
11 11 (0.57%) Embedded Linux
12 10 (0.52%) Mac OS
13 9 (0.46%) Solaris
14 8 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
15 4 (0.21%) VMS
16 3 (0.15%) Mac OS X Server
17 2 (0.10%) Oracle Linux
18 1 (0.052%) HPUX
18 1 (0.052%) Windows Vista
18 1 (0.052%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 936 (48.35%) Agile Software Development
2 574 (29.65%) Microservices
3 408 (21.07%) Scrum
4 400 (20.66%) TDD
5 390 (20.14%) DevOps
6 294 (15.19%) Test Automation
7 285 (14.72%) Continuous Integration
8 246 (12.71%) BDD
9 179 (9.25%) MVC
10 173 (8.94%) Software Engineering
11 170 (8.78%) Problem-Solving
12 159 (8.21%) Open Source
13 155 (8.01%) Front End Development
14 143 (7.39%) Kanban
15 139 (7.18%) Unit Testing
16 128 (6.61%) Web Development
17 116 (5.99%) OO
18 101 (5.22%) SOA
19 99 (5.11%) Mentoring
20 98 (5.06%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 782 (40.39%) Java
2 666 (34.40%) JavaScript
3 447 (23.09%) SQL
4 298 (15.39%) C#
5 284 (14.67%) Python
6 215 (11.11%) Java 8
7 134 (6.92%) TypeScript
8 106 (5.48%) Scala
9 99 (5.11%) PHP
10 75 (3.87%) Shell Script
11 72 (3.72%) T-SQL
12 71 (3.67%) Bash Shell
13 70 (3.62%) Ruby
14 64 (3.31%) Perl
14 64 (3.31%) PowerShell
15 58 (3.00%) Apex Code
15 58 (3.00%) PL/SQL
16 51 (2.63%) Kotlin
17 46 (2.38%) Groovy
18 45 (2.32%) ES6
Qualifications
1 215 (11.11%) Security Cleared
2 179 (9.25%) SC Cleared
3 111 (5.73%) Degree
4 43 (2.22%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (1.08%) DV Cleared
6 12 (0.62%) Master's Degree
7 10 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
8 7 (0.36%) CCNA
8 7 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
8 7 (0.36%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 4 (0.21%) CISSP
10 4 (0.21%) DBS Check
10 4 (0.21%) ISEB
10 4 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
10 4 (0.21%) OCPJP
10 4 (0.21%) RHCSA
11 3 (0.15%) MCSE
11 3 (0.15%) SANS
11 3 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 79 (4.08%) QA
2 25 (1.29%) WCAG
3 20 (1.03%) Data Quality
4 12 (0.62%) GDPR
5 7 (0.36%) SLA
6 6 (0.31%) MiFID
7 4 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.21%) RMADS
8 3 (0.15%) COBIT
8 3 (0.15%) Government Security Classifications
8 3 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 3 (0.15%) JSP 440
8 3 (0.15%) NCSC
9 2 (0.10%) GxP
9 2 (0.10%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.10%) PMO
9 2 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.052%) HL7
10 1 (0.052%) ISO 8583
10 1 (0.052%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 432 (22.31%) Docker
2 56 (2.89%) Active Directory
3 23 (1.19%) Postfix
4 13 (0.67%) VMware ESXi
5 10 (0.52%) VMware Infrastructure
6 7 (0.36%) NFS
7 5 (0.26%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (0.26%) VirtualBox
8 4 (0.21%) LXC
8 4 (0.21%) NDS
8 4 (0.21%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 3 (0.15%) OpenIDM
9 3 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 2 (0.10%) Firmware
10 2 (0.10%) vSphere
11 1 (0.052%) OpenAM
11 1 (0.052%) Varnish
11 1 (0.052%) Xen
Systems Management
1 188 (9.71%) Kubernetes
2 70 (3.62%) Ansible
3 51 (2.63%) Puppet
4 46 (2.38%) Terraform
5 40 (2.07%) Kibana
6 32 (1.65%) Grafana
7 26 (1.34%) Netcool
7 26 (1.34%) Opscode Chef
8 25 (1.29%) Single Sign-On
9 23 (1.19%) Amdocs OSS
9 23 (1.19%) Netcool/OMNIbus
10 15 (0.77%) Docker Swarm
11 12 (0.62%) vCenter Server
12 11 (0.57%) MIIS
13 10 (0.52%) Jamf Pro
14 8 (0.41%) Norton AntiVirus
14 8 (0.41%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
15 7 (0.36%) HAProxy
16 6 (0.31%) Mesos
16 6 (0.31%) PowerCLI
Vendors
1 193 (9.97%) Oracle
2 161 (8.32%) Microsoft
3 133 (6.87%) Google
4 111 (5.73%) Salesforce.com
5 75 (3.87%) ServiceNow
6 56 (2.89%) MuleSoft
7 44 (2.27%) IBM
8 43 (2.22%) Red Hat
9 42 (2.17%) Cisco
10 29 (1.50%) VMware
11 28 (1.45%) BMC
11 28 (1.45%) SAP
11 28 (1.45%) Splunk
12 27 (1.39%) Xamarin
13 26 (1.34%) Apple
13 26 (1.34%) Remedy
14 23 (1.19%) Atlassian
14 23 (1.19%) Cramer
14 23 (1.19%) Siebel
14 23 (1.19%) xMatters