Period
to 12 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 12 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
12 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 57 55 69
Rank change year-on-year -2 +14 +36
Contract jobs citing REST 3,956 3,563 3,236
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.21% 3.83% 3.30%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.93% 11.73% 10.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,806 2,487 2,340
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +3.75%
10th Percentile £363 £341 £320
90th Percentile £625 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +4.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 36 14
England median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £31.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +41.96% -15.47%
10th Percentile £35.00 £26.96 £20.04
90th Percentile £63.13 £51.25 £41.75
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £31.70
% change year-on-year - +41.96% -15.47%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,154 30,384 30,481
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.27% 32.62% 31.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,629 21,596 21,258
England median daily rate £475 £462 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.76% +8.76% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 286 364 357
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £17.00 £18.58 £14.50
90th Percentile £58.75 £52.50 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% -

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 12 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 12 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 12 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 2,264 £538 +7.50% 474
South East -2 646 £475 +11.76% 159
North of England -5 334 £438 +1.74% 166
Midlands +26 263 £435 +5.97% 90
South West +13 227 £425 +13.33% 89
East of England +25 217 £450 +5.88% 85
West Midlands +18 189 £450 -10.00% 54
Yorkshire +9 153 £450 - 66
North West -23 139 £423 +5.75% 77
East Midlands +35 68 £400 +6.67% 36
North East +11 42 £460 -0.54% 23
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 12 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 2,204 (55.71%) Agile Software Development
2 2,015 (50.94%) Java
3 1,458 (36.86%) JavaScript
4 1,394 (35.24%) TDD
5 1,191 (30.11%) Git (software)
6 1,177 (29.75%) Microservices
7 1,135 (28.69%) Web Services
8 1,031 (26.06%) HTML
9 1,002 (25.33%) Spring
10 987 (24.95%) SOAP
11 917 (23.18%) CSS
12 900 (22.75%) Jenkins
13 884 (22.35%) BDD
14 882 (22.30%) JSON
15 863 (21.81%) Scrum
16 774 (19.57%) SQL
17 770 (19.46%) AngularJS
18 755 (19.08%) Docker
19 740 (18.71%) DevOps
20 733 (18.53%) Continuous Integration
21 718 (18.15%) Test Automation
21 718 (18.15%) Amazon AWS
22 703 (17.77%) JIRA
23 686 (17.34%) .NET
23 686 (17.34%) Java 8
24 682 (17.24%) C#
25 647 (16.35%) Finance
26 634 (16.03%) Node.js
27 601 (15.19%) MVC
28 542 (13.70%) HTML5

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 489 (12.36%) Confluence
2 190 (4.80%) Elasticsearch
3 131 (3.31%) Apache
4 95 (2.40%) JBoss
5 93 (2.35%) Tomcat
6 91 (2.30%) Apache Spark
7 85 (2.15%) SharePoint
8 81 (2.05%) CMS
9 78 (1.97%) WebLogic
10 77 (1.95%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 72 (1.82%) Mule
12 71 (1.79%) WildFly
13 65 (1.64%) MQSeries
14 63 (1.59%) WebSphere
15 57 (1.44%) IIS
16 40 (1.01%) Cloud Foundry
17 38 (0.96%) Apache Solr
18 35 (0.88%) SharePoint 2013
19 32 (0.81%) nginx
20 28 (0.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 19 (0.48%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (0.38%) Photoshop
3 14 (0.35%) MS Visio
4 12 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
5 10 (0.25%) Fireworks
6 7 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 5 (0.13%) InfoPath
8 4 (0.10%) Microsoft Office
9 3 (0.076%) Adobe Illustrator
9 3 (0.076%) HipChat
10 2 (0.051%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.051%) GIMP
10 2 (0.051%) GNU Octave
11 1 (0.025%) CATIA
11 1 (0.025%) OmniGraffle
11 1 (0.025%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 23 (0.58%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
3 10 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
4 9 (0.23%) Magento
5 7 (0.18%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 7 (0.18%) Markit EDM
5 7 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
6 6 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
7 4 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
7 4 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
8 3 (0.076%) Maximo
8 3 (0.076%) Oracle Applications
8 3 (0.076%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 3 (0.076%) Workday HCM
9 2 (0.051%) BusinessWorks
9 2 (0.051%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.051%) Oracle EBS R12
9 2 (0.051%) Oracle Financials
9 2 (0.051%) R3 Corda
9 2 (0.051%) SAP PM
Cloud Services
1 718 (18.15%) Amazon AWS
2 497 (12.56%) Microsoft Azure
3 158 (3.99%) GitHub
4 142 (3.59%) Serverless
5 91 (2.30%) AWS Lambda
6 82 (2.07%) Google Cloud Platform
7 77 (1.95%) PaaS
8 66 (1.67%) SaaS
9 64 (1.62%) npm
10 63 (1.59%) Heroku
11 59 (1.49%) Slack
12 55 (1.39%) Apigee
13 52 (1.31%) Amazon EC2
13 52 (1.31%) Amazon S3
14 47 (1.19%) Office 365
15 42 (1.06%) OpenShift
16 35 (0.88%) Azure Functions
17 34 (0.86%) Google Analytics
18 32 (0.81%) Amazon SQS
19 26 (0.66%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 283 (7.15%) HTTP
2 99 (2.50%) SSL
3 89 (2.25%) TCP/IP
4 64 (1.62%) DNS
5 44 (1.11%) Internet
6 37 (0.94%) Firewall
7 33 (0.83%) Kerberos
8 32 (0.81%) FTP
9 29 (0.73%) HTTPS
10 27 (0.68%) AMQP
11 25 (0.63%) SSH
12 20 (0.51%) VPN
13 13 (0.33%) Skype
13 13 (0.33%) X.509
14 11 (0.28%) Bluetooth
14 11 (0.28%) MPLS
15 10 (0.25%) LAN
16 9 (0.23%) Ethernet
17 8 (0.20%) SMS
17 8 (0.20%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 422 (10.67%) NoSQL
2 411 (10.39%) MongoDB
3 398 (10.06%) SQL Server
4 386 (9.76%) Relational Database
5 331 (8.37%) PostgreSQL
6 260 (6.57%) MySQL
7 202 (5.11%) Big Data
8 173 (4.37%) Apache Cassandra
9 139 (3.51%) RDBMS
10 132 (3.34%) Hadoop
11 100 (2.53%) Couchbase
12 84 (2.12%) HBase
13 74 (1.87%) Oracle Database
14 63 (1.59%) Redis
15 55 (1.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 48 (1.21%) Cosmos DB
17 30 (0.76%) Amazon Redshift
18 29 (0.73%) DB2
19 24 (0.61%) Data Lake
20 23 (0.58%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,191 (30.11%) Git (software)
2 900 (22.75%) Jenkins
3 703 (17.77%) JIRA
4 526 (13.30%) Maven
5 423 (10.69%) JUnit
6 354 (8.95%) Selenium
7 289 (7.31%) Cucumber
8 208 (5.26%) Subversion
9 175 (4.42%) Mockito
10 162 (4.10%) Gradle
11 148 (3.74%) Visual Studio
12 142 (3.59%) TeamCity
13 135 (3.41%) Bitbucket
14 117 (2.96%) SonarQube
15 111 (2.81%) gulp
16 108 (2.73%) WebDriver
17 107 (2.70%) IntelliJ
18 106 (2.68%) webpack
19 104 (2.63%) SoapUI
20 95 (2.40%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 647 (16.35%) Finance
2 406 (10.26%) Banking
3 159 (4.02%) Retail
4 101 (2.55%) Investment Banking
5 90 (2.28%) Marketing
6 85 (2.15%) Games
7 64 (1.62%) Telecoms
8 54 (1.37%) Front Office
9 45 (1.14%) Manufacturing
10 37 (0.94%) Electronics
11 36 (0.91%) Advertising
12 33 (0.83%) Legal
12 33 (0.83%) Publishing
13 30 (0.76%) Law
14 29 (0.73%) Back Office
15 21 (0.53%) Financial Institution
16 18 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
17 10 (0.25%) Retail Banking
18 9 (0.23%) French Language
19 7 (0.18%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,854 (72.14%) Developer
2 1,129 (28.54%) Java Developer
3 330 (8.34%) Senior Developer
4 318 (8.04%) .NET Developer
5 282 (7.13%) Architect
6 265 (6.70%) Full Stack Developer
7 243 (6.14%) C# Developer
8 211 (5.33%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 207 (5.23%) React Developer
10 177 (4.47%) Senior Java Developer
11 175 (4.42%) Angular Developer
12 166 (4.20%) JavaScript Developer
13 136 (3.44%) C# .NET Developer
14 130 (3.29%) Agile Developer
15 129 (3.26%) Scala Developer
16 126 (3.19%) Lead Developer
17 123 (3.11%) Software Engineer
18 120 (3.03%) AWS Developer
19 97 (2.45%) Tester
20 96 (2.43%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,135 (28.69%) Web Services
2 1,031 (26.06%) HTML
3 1,002 (25.33%) Spring
4 987 (24.95%) SOAP
5 917 (23.18%) CSS
6 882 (22.30%) JSON
7 770 (19.46%) AngularJS
8 686 (17.34%) .NET
9 634 (16.03%) Node.js
10 542 (13.70%) HTML5
11 525 (13.27%) XML
12 497 (12.56%) React
13 485 (12.26%) Hibernate
14 478 (12.08%) Spring Boot
15 446 (11.27%) RESTful
16 313 (7.91%) jQuery
17 305 (7.71%) ASP.NET
18 301 (7.61%) JMS
19 277 (7.00%) J2EE
20 273 (6.90%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 299 (7.56%) Greenfield Project
2 262 (6.62%) User Experience
3 165 (4.17%) Mobile App
4 161 (4.07%) Fintech
5 156 (3.94%) Analytical Skills
6 119 (3.01%) Computer Science
7 109 (2.76%) Linux Command Line
8 103 (2.60%) Algorithms
9 91 (2.30%) Enterprise Software
10 83 (2.10%) Self-Motivation
11 65 (1.64%) Data Structures
12 49 (1.24%) Data Centre
13 48 (1.21%) Fixed Income
14 41 (1.04%) Management Information System
15 39 (0.99%) iPad
16 38 (0.96%) DataPower
17 36 (0.91%) Public Cloud
18 33 (0.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 28 (0.71%) Virtual Team
20 27 (0.68%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 481 (12.16%) Linux
2 344 (8.70%) Unix
3 224 (5.66%) Windows
4 150 (3.79%) Apple iOS
5 129 (3.26%) Android
6 67 (1.69%) VMS
7 55 (1.39%) Windows Server
8 46 (1.16%) Ubuntu
9 41 (1.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 38 (0.96%) Mac OS X
11 14 (0.35%) CentOS
12 11 (0.28%) Mac OS
12 11 (0.28%) Solaris
13 9 (0.23%) AIX
14 7 (0.18%) Windows 7
14 7 (0.18%) Windows 8
15 4 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
16 3 (0.076%) HPUX
17 2 (0.051%) Debian
18 1 (0.025%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,204 (55.71%) Agile Software Development
2 1,394 (35.24%) TDD
3 1,177 (29.75%) Microservices
4 884 (22.35%) BDD
5 863 (21.81%) Scrum
6 740 (18.71%) DevOps
7 733 (18.53%) Continuous Integration
8 718 (18.15%) Test Automation
9 601 (15.19%) MVC
10 381 (9.63%) Software Engineering
11 368 (9.30%) Kanban
11 368 (9.30%) SOA
12 331 (8.37%) OO
13 321 (8.11%) Front End Development
14 312 (7.89%) Open Source
15 303 (7.66%) Unit Testing
16 284 (7.18%) Problem-Solving
17 253 (6.40%) Pair Programming
18 248 (6.27%) Web Development
19 246 (6.22%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,015 (50.94%) Java
2 1,458 (36.86%) JavaScript
3 774 (19.57%) SQL
4 686 (17.34%) Java 8
5 682 (17.24%) C#
6 362 (9.15%) Python
7 267 (6.75%) Scala
8 205 (5.18%) TypeScript
9 177 (4.47%) Ruby
10 175 (4.42%) ES6
11 128 (3.24%) Groovy
11 128 (3.24%) PHP
12 122 (3.08%) Go
13 89 (2.25%) PowerShell
14 88 (2.22%) Bash Shell
15 82 (2.07%) PL/SQL
16 80 (2.02%) Java 9
17 69 (1.74%) JPQL
18 66 (1.67%) C
19 56 (1.42%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 276 (6.98%) Security Cleared
2 215 (5.43%) SC Cleared
3 148 (3.74%) Degree
4 67 (1.69%) BPSS Clearance
5 48 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
6 43 (1.09%) DV Cleared
7 21 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
8 18 (0.46%) Cisco Certification
8 18 (0.46%) ITIL Certification
9 17 (0.43%) CCNA
10 13 (0.33%) Master's Degree
11 12 (0.30%) MCSE
12 10 (0.25%) DBS Check
12 10 (0.25%) ISEB
12 10 (0.25%) ISTQB
12 10 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
13 9 (0.23%) AWS Certification
13 9 (0.23%) CISSP
13 9 (0.23%) MCSA
13 9 (0.23%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 223 (5.64%) QA
2 23 (0.58%) WCAG
3 16 (0.40%) PSD2
4 13 (0.33%) Data Quality
4 13 (0.33%) GDPR
5 11 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
6 7 (0.18%) PMO
7 5 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.13%) SLA
8 3 (0.076%) HL7
8 3 (0.076%) SEPA
8 3 (0.076%) TARGET2
9 2 (0.051%) Dodd-Frank
9 2 (0.051%) EMIR
9 2 (0.051%) MiFID
10 1 (0.025%) IFRS
10 1 (0.025%) ISO 20022
10 1 (0.025%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.025%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.025%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 755 (19.08%) Docker
2 60 (1.52%) Active Directory
3 32 (0.81%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 29 (0.73%) HDFS
5 24 (0.61%) VMware Infrastructure
6 14 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (0.25%) vCloud
7 10 (0.25%) vSphere
8 8 (0.20%) OpenAM
8 8 (0.20%) Postfix
8 8 (0.20%) Squid
9 7 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
10 6 (0.15%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 6 (0.15%) oVirt
10 6 (0.15%) RHEV
10 6 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
10 6 (0.15%) VMware NSX
11 4 (0.10%) OpenDJ
11 4 (0.10%) VirtualBox
12 3 (0.076%) KVM
Systems Management
1 316 (7.99%) Kubernetes
2 139 (3.51%) Ansible
3 124 (3.13%) Puppet
4 112 (2.83%) Terraform
5 73 (1.85%) Kibana
6 57 (1.44%) Grafana
7 42 (1.06%) Opscode Chef
8 39 (0.99%) Docker Swarm
9 35 (0.88%) Single Sign-On
10 27 (0.68%) Hadoop YARN
10 27 (0.68%) logstash
11 25 (0.63%) Rancher
12 21 (0.53%) Graphite
13 19 (0.48%) Mesos
13 19 (0.48%) Nessus
14 14 (0.35%) ZABBIX
15 13 (0.33%) vCenter Server
16 11 (0.28%) Nagios
16 11 (0.28%) Prometheus
16 11 (0.28%) Salt
Vendors
1 341 (8.62%) Oracle
2 298 (7.53%) Microsoft
3 197 (4.98%) Google
4 106 (2.68%) Atlassian
5 95 (2.40%) IBM
6 94 (2.38%) SAP
7 93 (2.35%) Salesforce.com
8 68 (1.72%) MuleSoft
9 60 (1.52%) Adobe
10 58 (1.47%) ServiceNow
11 56 (1.42%) Splunk
12 49 (1.24%) VMware
13 42 (1.06%) CA
14 29 (0.73%) WSO2
15 27 (0.68%) Red Hat
16 26 (0.66%) CyberArk
17 24 (0.61%) Sybase
17 24 (0.61%) webMethods
18 23 (0.58%) Nintex
19 22 (0.56%) Cisco