Period
to 7 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 7 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
7 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 71 69 58
Rank change year-on-year -2 -11 -1
Contract jobs citing REST 1,003 2,837 3,739
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.21% 3.41% 3.99%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.39% 10.67% 11.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 698 1,994 2,650
Median daily rate £520 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £377 £363 £363
90th Percentile £675 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 35 30
Median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -30.00% +16.28% -4.44%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -30.00% +17.65% -5.56%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 9,652 26,592 32,490
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.89% 32.00% 34.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,537 18,739 23,152
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £334 £345 £325
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £490 £475
% change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 149 273 338
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £41.52
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +8.39% +3.79%
10th Percentile £23.30 £18.50 £15.25
90th Percentile £64.95 £60.00 £57.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.71 £41.46
% change year-on-year -19.92% +5.43% +3.64%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 7 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 7 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 7 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 622 £550 +2.33% 154
North of England +4 110 £463 +5.71% 100
South East -18 92 £468 +3.89% 52
South West +11 76 £475 - 34
Midlands +16 59 £428 +1.90% 31
North West +5 57 £440 +3.53% 55
Yorkshire +3 38 £485 +7.78% 37
West Midlands -1 34 £439 +3.29% 19
East of England +9 31 £463 - 25
East Midlands +48 25 £423 +6.96% 12
North East +26 14 £525 +23.53% 8
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 7 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 517 (51.55%) Agile Software Development
2 479 (47.76%) Java
3 324 (32.30%) Web Services
4 318 (31.70%) SOAP
5 283 (28.22%) DevOps
6 282 (28.12%) JavaScript
7 277 (27.62%) Microservices
8 264 (26.32%) Git (software)
9 220 (21.93%) SQL
10 219 (21.83%) AWS
11 218 (21.73%) JSON
12 214 (21.34%) Spring
13 210 (20.94%) Jenkins
14 194 (19.34%) Security Cleared
15 190 (18.94%) Azure
15 190 (18.94%) TDD
16 189 (18.84%) Docker
17 188 (18.74%) Finance
18 186 (18.54%) XML
19 183 (18.25%) Test Automation
20 171 (17.05%) HTML
21 170 (16.95%) SC Cleared
22 168 (16.75%) Scrum
23 165 (16.45%) C#
24 164 (16.35%) AngularJS
25 163 (16.25%) BDD
26 152 (15.15%) Python
27 151 (15.05%) CSS
28 143 (14.26%) Kubernetes
29 142 (14.16%) Continuous Integration

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 87 (8.67%) Confluence
2 52 (5.18%) Elasticsearch
2 52 (5.18%) Tomcat
3 43 (4.29%) Apache
4 36 (3.59%) Red Hat Fuse
5 35 (3.49%) Mule
6 34 (3.39%) JBoss
7 33 (3.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 25 (2.49%) WebLogic
9 24 (2.39%) IIS
10 22 (2.19%) NServiceBus
11 15 (1.50%) Cloud Foundry
12 14 (1.40%) SharePoint
13 12 (1.20%) CMS
13 12 (1.20%) WebSphere
14 9 (0.90%) WebSphere Application Server
15 7 (0.70%) Anypoint
15 7 (0.70%) IBM HTTP Server
16 6 (0.60%) Apache Spark
17 5 (0.50%) Apache ServiceMix
Applications
1 8 (0.80%) Figma
2 7 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.60%) Adobe Illustrator
3 6 (0.60%) Photoshop
4 4 (0.40%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.40%) Sketch
4 4 (0.40%) Zeplin
5 3 (0.30%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
7 1 (0.100%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 17 (1.69%) Oracle ERP
2 10 (1.00%) Remedy ITSM
3 5 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.50%) Oracle EBS
3 5 (0.50%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 4 (0.40%) Oracle Applications
4 4 (0.40%) Oracle BPM
5 3 (0.30%) Magento
5 3 (0.30%) Shopify
6 2 (0.20%) Aligne
6 2 (0.20%) Orchestrade
6 2 (0.20%) ResourceLink
6 2 (0.20%) Siebel CRM
7 1 (0.100%) Maximo
7 1 (0.100%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.100%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.100%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.100%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.100%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.100%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 219 (21.83%) AWS
2 190 (18.94%) Azure
3 71 (7.08%) GitHub
4 53 (5.28%) SaaS
5 49 (4.89%) Serverless
6 41 (4.09%) Amazon EC2
7 39 (3.89%) GCP
8 34 (3.39%) PaaS
9 29 (2.89%) npm
9 29 (2.89%) Slack
10 28 (2.79%) Amazon S3
11 26 (2.59%) AWS CloudFormation
12 25 (2.49%) AWS Lambda
13 24 (2.39%) OpenShift
14 22 (2.19%) Amazon ECS
15 21 (2.09%) Amazon EKS
16 20 (1.99%) Boomi
16 20 (1.99%) Power Platform
17 19 (1.89%) Apigee
17 19 (1.89%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 73 (7.28%) HTTP
2 29 (2.89%) SSL
3 26 (2.59%) Firewall
4 25 (2.49%) SNMP
5 24 (2.39%) TCP/IP
6 22 (2.19%) DNS
7 19 (1.89%) FTP
8 18 (1.79%) Reverse Proxy
9 11 (1.10%) VLAN
10 10 (1.00%) SSH
11 8 (0.80%) HTTPS
11 8 (0.80%) VPN
12 5 (0.50%) X.509
13 4 (0.40%) DHCP
13 4 (0.40%) DOCSIS
13 4 (0.40%) Internet
13 4 (0.40%) SMTP
14 3 (0.30%) AMQP
14 3 (0.30%) MQTT
14 3 (0.30%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 134 (13.36%) SQL Server
2 68 (6.78%) NoSQL
2 68 (6.78%) PostgreSQL
3 66 (6.58%) MongoDB
4 65 (6.48%) Relational Database
5 42 (4.19%) MySQL
6 27 (2.69%) Big Data
7 26 (2.59%) Oracle Database
8 20 (1.99%) Amazon RDS
8 20 (1.99%) Hadoop
9 19 (1.89%) Power BI
9 19 (1.89%) Redis
10 18 (1.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 17 (1.69%) Apache Cassandra
11 17 (1.69%) Oracle Database 11g
12 15 (1.50%) Data Warehouse
13 13 (1.30%) Oracle Database 12c
14 12 (1.20%) RDBMS
15 11 (1.10%) Azure SQL Database
15 11 (1.10%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 264 (26.32%) Git (software)
2 210 (20.94%) Jenkins
3 123 (12.26%) JIRA
4 103 (10.27%) Selenium
5 94 (9.37%) JUnit
6 92 (9.17%) Cucumber
7 73 (7.28%) Maven
8 47 (4.69%) GitLab
9 45 (4.49%) Mockito
10 44 (4.39%) SoapUI
11 40 (3.99%) Subversion
12 37 (3.69%) Gradle
13 35 (3.49%) Sonatype Nexus
14 34 (3.39%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 34 (3.39%) WebDriver
15 33 (3.29%) Jasmine
15 33 (3.29%) Postman
16 28 (2.79%) Team Foundation Server
17 25 (2.49%) SonarQube
17 25 (2.49%) webpack
General
1 188 (18.74%) Finance
2 96 (9.57%) Banking
3 74 (7.38%) Public Sector
4 42 (4.19%) Front Office
5 35 (3.49%) Marketing
6 30 (2.99%) Investment Banking
7 22 (2.19%) Retail
7 22 (2.19%) Telecoms
8 15 (1.50%) Manufacturing
9 12 (1.20%) Retail Banking
10 11 (1.10%) Financial Institution
10 11 (1.10%) Law
11 10 (1.00%) Back Office
12 9 (0.90%) Electronics
13 7 (0.70%) Games
14 5 (0.50%) French Language
15 4 (0.40%) Advertising
16 3 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
17 1 (0.100%) Automotive
17 1 (0.100%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 625 (62.31%) Developer
2 172 (17.15%) Java Developer
3 91 (9.07%) Architect
4 75 (7.48%) Senior Developer
5 64 (6.38%) .NET Developer
6 50 (4.99%) C# Developer
7 46 (4.59%) Full Stack Developer
8 45 (4.49%) JavaScript Developer
9 38 (3.79%) React Developer
10 34 (3.39%) Analyst
10 34 (3.39%) DevOps Engineer
11 33 (3.29%) Consultant
11 33 (3.29%) Salesforce Developer
12 31 (3.09%) Python Developer
13 30 (2.99%) Solutions Architect
14 29 (2.89%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 29 (2.89%) Senior Java Developer
15 28 (2.79%) Backend Developer
16 27 (2.69%) Angular Developer
16 27 (2.69%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 324 (32.30%) Web Services
2 318 (31.70%) SOAP
3 218 (21.73%) JSON
4 214 (21.34%) Spring
5 186 (18.54%) XML
6 171 (17.05%) HTML
7 164 (16.35%) AngularJS
8 151 (15.05%) CSS
9 138 (13.76%) Node.js
10 135 (13.46%) Spring Boot
11 132 (13.16%) .NET
12 122 (12.16%) React
13 71 (7.08%) Middleware
14 69 (6.88%) HTML5
15 65 (6.48%) Swagger
16 64 (6.38%) .NET Framework
17 63 (6.28%) Redux
18 52 (5.18%) XSLT
19 50 (4.99%) RESTful
20 48 (4.79%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 84 (8.37%) User Experience
2 56 (5.58%) Analytical Skills
3 55 (5.48%) Mobile App
4 36 (3.59%) Enterprise Software
4 36 (3.59%) Greenfield Project
5 34 (3.39%) Cloud Native
6 23 (2.29%) PKI
7 21 (2.09%) Fixed Income
8 20 (1.99%) Public Cloud
9 17 (1.69%) Algorithms
10 16 (1.60%) Data Structures
10 16 (1.60%) Self-Motivation
11 11 (1.10%) Linux Command Line
12 9 (0.90%) Clustering
12 9 (0.90%) CMDB
13 8 (0.80%) Data Centre
13 8 (0.80%) Derivative
13 8 (0.80%) iPad
14 7 (0.70%) DataPower
14 7 (0.70%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 121 (12.06%) Linux
2 77 (7.68%) Windows
3 61 (6.08%) Unix
4 51 (5.08%) Apple iOS
5 50 (4.99%) Android
6 28 (2.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 28 (2.79%) Windows Server
7 14 (1.40%) Mac OS X
8 11 (1.10%) CentOS
9 9 (0.90%) Windows 10
9 9 (0.90%) Windows Server 2016
10 6 (0.60%) Amazon Linux
10 6 (0.60%) Oracle Linux
11 4 (0.40%) Ubuntu
12 3 (0.30%) Debian
12 3 (0.30%) Solaris
13 2 (0.20%) VMS
14 1 (0.100%) HPUX
14 1 (0.100%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.100%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 517 (51.55%) Agile Software Development
2 283 (28.22%) DevOps
3 277 (27.62%) Microservices
4 190 (18.94%) TDD
5 183 (18.25%) Test Automation
6 168 (16.75%) Scrum
7 163 (16.25%) BDD
8 142 (14.16%) Continuous Integration
9 114 (11.37%) Unit Testing
10 107 (10.67%) Software Engineering
11 88 (8.77%) Open Source
12 82 (8.18%) Kanban
13 80 (7.98%) Front End Development
13 80 (7.98%) SOA
14 74 (7.38%) Pair Programming
15 62 (6.18%) API Design
15 62 (6.18%) OO
15 62 (6.18%) SDLC
16 61 (6.08%) Continuous Delivery
16 61 (6.08%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 479 (47.76%) Java
2 282 (28.12%) JavaScript
3 220 (21.93%) SQL
4 165 (16.45%) C#
5 152 (15.15%) Python
6 95 (9.47%) Java 8
7 90 (8.97%) TypeScript
8 58 (5.78%) PowerShell
9 40 (3.99%) Shell Script
10 35 (3.49%) Bash Shell
10 35 (3.49%) PL/SQL
11 33 (3.29%) ES6
12 30 (2.99%) Apex Code
12 30 (2.99%) PHP
13 28 (2.79%) Go
14 26 (2.59%) C
14 26 (2.59%) Perl
15 23 (2.29%) Apple Swift
15 23 (2.29%) Groovy
15 23 (2.29%) Scala
Qualifications
1 194 (19.34%) Security Cleared
2 170 (16.95%) SC Cleared
3 46 (4.59%) Degree
4 31 (3.09%) DV Cleared
5 25 (2.49%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (0.80%) BPSS Clearance
7 7 (0.70%) ISTQB
7 7 (0.70%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 5 (0.50%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.40%) CCNA
9 4 (0.40%) CCNP
9 4 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
9 4 (0.40%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.30%) SANS
10 3 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
11 2 (0.20%) ISEB
11 2 (0.20%) OCP
11 2 (0.20%) Oracle Certification
12 1 (0.100%) CTC Cleared
12 1 (0.100%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 83 (8.28%) QA
2 6 (0.60%) GDPR
2 6 (0.60%) WCAG
3 4 (0.40%) PSD2
4 3 (0.30%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.30%) GxP
4 3 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 3 (0.30%) PMO
5 2 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.20%) ISO 9001
5 2 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.100%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.100%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 1 (0.100%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.100%) NCSC
6 1 (0.100%) SLA
System Software
1 189 (18.84%) Docker
2 29 (2.89%) Active Directory
3 17 (1.69%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (1.50%) vSphere
5 10 (1.00%) NFS
6 7 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.60%) OpenAM
7 6 (0.60%) OpenDJ
8 3 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.20%) GFS2
9 2 (0.20%) Postfix
9 2 (0.20%) Samba
9 2 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.20%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.100%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 143 (14.26%) Kubernetes
2 63 (6.28%) Terraform
3 47 (4.69%) Ansible
4 25 (2.49%) Puppet
5 19 (1.89%) Opscode Chef
6 17 (1.69%) Grafana
6 17 (1.69%) Single Sign-On
7 11 (1.10%) Packer
7 11 (1.10%) Prometheus
8 10 (1.00%) Amdocs OSS
8 10 (1.00%) Kibana
8 10 (1.00%) Netcool
8 10 (1.00%) Netcool/OMNIbus
9 9 (0.90%) ZABBIX
10 6 (0.60%) PingFederate
11 5 (0.50%) Data Guard
11 5 (0.50%) Oracle RMAN
12 4 (0.40%) HP Quality Center
12 4 (0.40%) Nessus
12 4 (0.40%) NetIQ Identity Manager
Vendors
1 123 (12.26%) Oracle
2 81 (8.08%) Microsoft
3 52 (5.18%) Salesforce.com
4 51 (5.08%) Splunk
5 44 (4.39%) Google
6 39 (3.89%) SAP
7 35 (3.49%) ServiceNow
8 34 (3.39%) IBM
9 31 (3.09%) Atlassian
9 31 (3.09%) Dell
10 29 (2.89%) MuleSoft
11 28 (2.79%) AppDynamics
12 25 (2.49%) Red Hat
13 24 (2.39%) VMware
14 17 (1.69%) Cisco
15 15 (1.50%) F5
16 13 (1.30%) Blue Coat
16 13 (1.30%) Sybase
17 12 (1.20%) Siebel
18 11 (1.10%) HP