Period
to 22 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 22 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 75 57 56
Rank change year-on-year -18 -1 +15
Contract jobs citing REST 2,330 3,936 3,483
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.01% 4.17% 3.81%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.67% 11.78% 11.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,588 2,794 2,422
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £339
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 25 34
England median hourly rate £52.00 £45.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.56% - +41.07%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £23.52
90th Percentile £73.75 £65.63 £51.75
UK median hourly rate £51.00 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +13.33% - +41.07%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,101 33,413 29,723
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.13% 35.39% 32.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,989 23,766 21,023
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £340 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £499 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 238 303 355
England median hourly rate £44.28 £41.77 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.03% +4.41% +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.17 £16.40 £18.60
90th Percentile £73.75 £57.50 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £43.25 £41.61 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.94% +4.03% +6.67%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 22 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -16 1,370 £550 +4.76% 454
South East -31 364 £450 -5.26% 174
North of England -14 230 £450 +2.27% 141
Midlands -9 139 £425 - 75
South West -48 128 £450 +5.88% 59
Yorkshire -7 100 £450 - 49
West Midlands -8 98 £463 +2.78% 52
North West -21 96 £450 +5.88% 63
East of England -53 73 £450 - 52
East Midlands -5 39 £400 +6.67% 22
North East +9 34 £425 -2.86% 29
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 22 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 1,212 (52.02%) Agile Software Development
2 925 (39.70%) Java
3 877 (37.64%) JavaScript
4 722 (30.99%) Microservices
5 624 (26.78%) SOAP
6 593 (25.45%) TDD
7 591 (25.36%) Web Services
8 588 (25.24%) Git (software)
9 539 (23.13%) SQL
10 531 (22.79%) JSON
11 511 (21.93%) Scrum
12 495 (21.24%) DevOps
13 487 (20.90%) Spring
14 471 (20.21%) HTML
15 461 (19.79%) Docker
16 453 (19.44%) Azure
17 449 (19.27%) CSS
18 446 (19.14%) C#
19 444 (19.06%) AngularJS
20 440 (18.88%) Jenkins
21 434 (18.63%) AWS
22 427 (18.33%) .NET
23 382 (16.39%) XML
24 381 (16.35%) Test Automation
25 361 (15.49%) Node.js
26 352 (15.11%) SQL Server
27 342 (14.68%) React
28 339 (14.55%) Finance
29 335 (14.38%) Continuous Integration
30 331 (14.21%) Python

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 195 (8.37%) Confluence
2 97 (4.16%) Elasticsearch
3 90 (3.86%) Apache
4 75 (3.22%) SharePoint
5 49 (2.10%) Tomcat
6 44 (1.89%) CMS
7 40 (1.72%) JBoss
8 38 (1.63%) WebSphere
9 34 (1.46%) Mule
10 32 (1.37%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 30 (1.29%) Apache Spark
11 30 (1.29%) IIS
12 28 (1.20%) Apache Solr
12 28 (1.20%) ArcGIS
12 28 (1.20%) WebLogic
13 26 (1.12%) Cloud Foundry
14 23 (0.99%) nginx
15 21 (0.90%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 19 (0.82%) SharePoint 2013
17 17 (0.73%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 14 (0.60%) Photoshop
2 11 (0.47%) GIMP
3 10 (0.43%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.30%) InVision
4 7 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
5 6 (0.26%) Figma
5 6 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
6 5 (0.21%) InfoPath
7 4 (0.17%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.13%) Sketch
9 2 (0.086%) InDesign
10 1 (0.043%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.043%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.043%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.043%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 38 (1.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (0.77%) Adobe Campaign
3 14 (0.60%) Dynamics AX
4 12 (0.52%) Dynamics NAV
5 11 (0.47%) Remedy ITSM
6 10 (0.43%) Distributed Ledger
6 10 (0.43%) R3 Corda
7 7 (0.30%) PeopleSoft HCM
8 6 (0.26%) NetSuite
8 6 (0.26%) SDL Web 8
9 5 (0.21%) BusinessWorks
10 4 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
10 4 (0.17%) Temenos T24
10 4 (0.17%) thinkFolio
11 3 (0.13%) Fredhopper
11 3 (0.13%) Magento
11 3 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
11 3 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
12 2 (0.086%) Primavera
12 2 (0.086%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 453 (19.44%) Azure
2 434 (18.63%) AWS
3 123 (5.28%) GCP
4 121 (5.19%) GitHub
5 108 (4.64%) Serverless
6 73 (3.13%) SaaS
7 66 (2.83%) Power Platform
8 56 (2.40%) PaaS
9 46 (1.97%) npm
10 40 (1.72%) Amazon EC2
10 40 (1.72%) OpenShift
11 38 (1.63%) Azure Functions
11 38 (1.63%) Slack
12 37 (1.59%) Azure Active Directory
13 33 (1.42%) Apigee
13 33 (1.42%) Dynamics 365
14 32 (1.37%) Office 365
15 31 (1.33%) Amazon SQS
16 29 (1.24%) IaaS
17 25 (1.07%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 166 (7.12%) HTTP
2 60 (2.58%) SSL
3 55 (2.36%) TCP/IP
4 45 (1.93%) FTP
5 34 (1.46%) DNS
6 22 (0.94%) HTTPS
7 20 (0.86%) Firewall
8 17 (0.73%) MQTT
9 16 (0.69%) Internet
9 16 (0.69%) SNMP
10 10 (0.43%) VPN
11 9 (0.39%) Intranet
12 8 (0.34%) Reverse Proxy
12 8 (0.34%) X.509
13 7 (0.30%) SMS
13 7 (0.30%) VoIP
14 6 (0.26%) AMQP
14 6 (0.26%) Kerberos
14 6 (0.26%) TETRA
15 5 (0.21%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 352 (15.11%) SQL Server
2 212 (9.10%) NoSQL
3 206 (8.84%) PostgreSQL
4 162 (6.95%) MongoDB
5 150 (6.44%) MySQL
6 143 (6.14%) Relational Database
7 75 (3.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 65 (2.79%) Apache Cassandra
9 61 (2.62%) Power BI
10 57 (2.45%) Big Data
10 57 (2.45%) Cosmos DB
11 48 (2.06%) Data Warehouse
12 47 (2.02%) Hadoop
13 44 (1.89%) RDBMS
14 43 (1.85%) Oracle Database
15 39 (1.67%) Amazon RDS
16 38 (1.63%) Azure SQL Database
17 37 (1.59%) Redis
18 27 (1.16%) Geospatial Data
18 27 (1.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 588 (25.24%) Git (software)
2 440 (18.88%) Jenkins
3 305 (13.09%) JIRA
4 213 (9.14%) Maven
5 183 (7.85%) JUnit
6 161 (6.91%) Selenium
7 132 (5.67%) Cucumber
8 108 (4.64%) Mockito
9 76 (3.26%) Gradle
10 75 (3.22%) webpack
11 72 (3.09%) gulp
12 69 (2.96%) Subversion
13 65 (2.79%) GitLab
14 64 (2.75%) Bitbucket
15 63 (2.70%) TeamCity
15 63 (2.70%) Visual Studio Team System
16 60 (2.58%) Visual Studio
17 58 (2.49%) Sonatype Nexus
18 54 (2.32%) SonarQube
19 48 (2.06%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 339 (14.55%) Finance
2 191 (8.20%) Banking
3 86 (3.69%) Retail
4 72 (3.09%) Public Sector
5 70 (3.00%) Marketing
6 53 (2.27%) Telecoms
7 49 (2.10%) Front Office
8 28 (1.20%) Games
9 25 (1.07%) Publishing
10 24 (1.03%) Advertising
11 19 (0.82%) Investment Banking
11 19 (0.82%) Law
12 18 (0.77%) Legal
12 18 (0.77%) Manufacturing
13 13 (0.56%) Retail Banking
14 12 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
15 10 (0.43%) Back Office
15 10 (0.43%) Electronics
16 9 (0.39%) Financial Institution
17 8 (0.34%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,553 (66.65%) Developer
2 409 (17.55%) Java Developer
3 214 (9.18%) Architect
4 203 (8.71%) Senior Developer
5 192 (8.24%) .NET Developer
6 140 (6.01%) React Developer
7 135 (5.79%) Full Stack Developer
8 111 (4.76%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 108 (4.64%) C# Developer
10 98 (4.21%) Python Developer
11 95 (4.08%) Angular Developer
12 92 (3.95%) Solutions Architect
13 87 (3.73%) JavaScript Developer
14 65 (2.79%) C# .NET Developer
15 63 (2.70%) Android Developer
15 63 (2.70%) Consultant
16 59 (2.53%) Senior Java Developer
17 55 (2.36%) Agile Developer
17 55 (2.36%) Salesforce Developer
18 49 (2.10%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 624 (26.78%) SOAP
2 591 (25.36%) Web Services
3 531 (22.79%) JSON
4 487 (20.90%) Spring
5 471 (20.21%) HTML
6 449 (19.27%) CSS
7 444 (19.06%) AngularJS
8 427 (18.33%) .NET
9 382 (16.39%) XML
10 361 (15.49%) Node.js
11 342 (14.68%) React
12 256 (10.99%) Spring Boot
13 223 (9.57%) HTML5
14 200 (8.58%) RESTful
15 179 (7.68%) Kafka
16 156 (6.70%) ASP.NET
17 148 (6.35%) CSS3
18 143 (6.14%) ASP.NET Web API
18 143 (6.14%) Hibernate
19 136 (5.84%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 177 (7.60%) User Experience
2 126 (5.41%) Mobile App
3 120 (5.15%) Enterprise Software
4 101 (4.33%) Analytical Skills
5 83 (3.56%) Algorithms
5 83 (3.56%) Greenfield Project
6 52 (2.23%) Data Structures
7 41 (1.76%) Self-Motivation
8 40 (1.72%) Management Information System
9 37 (1.59%) Derivative
9 37 (1.59%) Linux Command Line
10 32 (1.37%) PKI
11 28 (1.20%) Fixed Income
12 27 (1.16%) Client/Server
13 25 (1.07%) N-Tier
14 24 (1.03%) Data Centre
15 23 (0.99%) Virtual Team
16 21 (0.90%) Public Cloud
17 18 (0.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 17 (0.73%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 290 (12.45%) Linux
2 119 (5.11%) Windows
3 117 (5.02%) Android
4 114 (4.89%) Apple iOS
5 81 (3.48%) Unix
6 23 (0.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 23 (0.99%) Windows Server
7 19 (0.82%) Windows Server 2012
8 16 (0.69%) CentOS
8 16 (0.69%) Mac OS
8 16 (0.69%) Mac OS X
9 12 (0.52%) Embedded Linux
10 10 (0.43%) Solaris
10 10 (0.43%) Ubuntu
11 5 (0.21%) VMS
12 4 (0.17%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 3 (0.13%) Mac OS X Server
14 1 (0.043%) AIX
14 1 (0.043%) Check Point GAiA
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,212 (52.02%) Agile Software Development
2 722 (30.99%) Microservices
3 593 (25.45%) TDD
4 511 (21.93%) Scrum
5 495 (21.24%) DevOps
6 381 (16.35%) Test Automation
7 335 (14.38%) Continuous Integration
8 307 (13.18%) BDD
9 234 (10.04%) MVC
10 226 (9.70%) Kanban
11 207 (8.88%) Software Engineering
12 195 (8.37%) Unit Testing
13 188 (8.07%) Front End Development
14 164 (7.04%) SOA
15 158 (6.78%) Open Source
16 148 (6.35%) OO
17 144 (6.18%) Problem-Solving
18 139 (5.97%) Computer Science
19 133 (5.71%) Web Development
20 119 (5.11%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 925 (39.70%) Java
2 877 (37.64%) JavaScript
3 539 (23.13%) SQL
4 446 (19.14%) C#
5 331 (14.21%) Python
6 248 (10.64%) Java 8
7 176 (7.55%) TypeScript
8 101 (4.33%) Scala
9 92 (3.95%) ES6
10 75 (3.22%) Shell Script
11 72 (3.09%) T-SQL
12 70 (3.00%) Apex Code
13 67 (2.88%) Ruby
14 63 (2.70%) PHP
15 60 (2.58%) Bash Shell
16 56 (2.40%) Kotlin
17 54 (2.32%) PowerShell
18 46 (1.97%) Go
19 45 (1.93%) Apple Swift
20 42 (1.80%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 191 (8.20%) Security Cleared
2 151 (6.48%) Degree
3 148 (6.35%) SC Cleared
4 60 (2.58%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (0.82%) DV Cleared
6 8 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (0.34%) CISSP
6 8 (0.34%) Master's Degree
7 7 (0.30%) ISTQB
7 7 (0.30%) ITIL Certification
8 6 (0.26%) TOGAF Certification
9 5 (0.21%) CISM
9 5 (0.21%) RHCSA
10 4 (0.17%) ISEB
10 4 (0.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 3 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
11 3 (0.13%) CTC Cleared
11 3 (0.13%) Sun Certification
12 2 (0.086%) BC Cleared
12 2 (0.086%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (3.99%) QA
2 23 (0.99%) WCAG
3 21 (0.90%) Data Quality
4 14 (0.60%) GDPR
5 8 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.34%) SLA
6 6 (0.26%) MiFID
6 6 (0.26%) PSD2
7 3 (0.13%) COBIT
7 3 (0.13%) HL7
7 3 (0.13%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.086%) Dodd-Frank
8 2 (0.086%) EMIR
8 2 (0.086%) GxP
8 2 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 2 (0.086%) NIST
8 2 (0.086%) PMO
9 1 (0.043%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.043%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 461 (19.79%) Docker
2 52 (2.23%) Active Directory
3 13 (0.56%) Postfix
3 13 (0.56%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.34%) NFS
5 7 (0.30%) Firmware
6 6 (0.26%) HDFS
6 6 (0.26%) Hyper-V
6 6 (0.26%) VirtualBox
7 5 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 4 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.13%) vSphere
10 2 (0.086%) LXC
10 2 (0.086%) OpenIDM
10 2 (0.086%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.043%) GridGain
11 1 (0.043%) KVM
11 1 (0.043%) Varnish
11 1 (0.043%) Xen
Systems Management
1 210 (9.01%) Kubernetes
2 76 (3.26%) Ansible
3 59 (2.53%) Terraform
4 52 (2.23%) Puppet
5 41 (1.76%) Kibana
6 37 (1.59%) Grafana
7 22 (0.94%) Opscode Chef
8 19 (0.82%) Docker Swarm
8 19 (0.82%) Single Sign-On
9 15 (0.64%) logstash
10 10 (0.43%) Consul
10 10 (0.43%) Graphite
11 9 (0.39%) HP Quality Center
11 9 (0.39%) MIIS
11 9 (0.39%) ZABBIX
12 8 (0.34%) Netcool
13 7 (0.30%) Amdocs OSS
13 7 (0.30%) Mesos
13 7 (0.30%) Netcool/OMNIbus
14 6 (0.26%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 221 (9.48%) Microsoft
2 205 (8.80%) Oracle
3 145 (6.22%) Google
4 117 (5.02%) Salesforce.com
5 73 (3.13%) MuleSoft
5 73 (3.13%) ServiceNow
6 58 (2.49%) Splunk
7 49 (2.10%) IBM
8 45 (1.93%) SAP
9 38 (1.63%) Adobe
10 35 (1.50%) Red Hat
11 32 (1.37%) CA
12 28 (1.20%) Xamarin
13 25 (1.07%) ESRI
14 24 (1.03%) AppDynamics
14 24 (1.03%) Cisco
15 22 (0.94%) Dell
16 21 (0.90%) WSO2
17 20 (0.86%) Atlassian
17 20 (0.86%) VMware