Period
to 18 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 18 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 55 55 66
Rank change year-on-year 0 +11 +27
Contract jobs citing REST 3,859 3,509 3,003
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.23% 3.80% 3.33%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.27% 11.70% 10.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,657 2,562 2,176
England median daily rate £513 £480 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.77% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £363 £338 £320
90th Percentile £638 £613 £588
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 27 9
England median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +20.00% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £27.47 £22.13
90th Percentile £64.38 £52.50 £75.50
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.56% +20.00% -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31,462 30,002 28,592
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.52% 32.48% 31.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,350 21,589 19,825
England median daily rate £495 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% +11.76% +1.19%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £480 £463 £425
% change year-on-year +3.78% +8.82% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 263 321 321
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.25 £18.50 £15.25
90th Percentile £59.75 £52.50 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £41.52 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.79% - +6.67%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in England

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in England

REST
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 18 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 2,192 £550 +7.32% 469
South East -9 607 £475 +5.56% 187
North of England -3 334 £440 +3.53% 189
Midlands +48 307 £450 +20.00% 90
South West +4 234 £450 +12.50% 68
West Midlands +50 230 £450 +9.62% 43
East of England +12 170 £444 -1.39% 64
Yorkshire -1 159 £450 - 74
North West -13 134 £425 +6.25% 96
East Midlands +10 70 £400 +19.40% 47
North East +5 41 £478 +0.53% 19
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 2,241 (58.07%) Agile Software Development
2 1,977 (51.23%) Java
3 1,394 (36.12%) JavaScript
4 1,318 (34.15%) TDD
5 1,228 (31.82%) Git (software)
6 1,189 (30.81%) Microservices
7 1,048 (27.16%) Web Services
8 1,032 (26.74%) HTML
9 989 (25.63%) Spring
10 981 (25.42%) SOAP
11 929 (24.07%) Jenkins
12 907 (23.50%) JSON
13 899 (23.30%) BDD
14 876 (22.70%) CSS
15 846 (21.92%) Scrum
16 799 (20.70%) Test Automation
17 772 (20.01%) DevOps
18 758 (19.64%) AngularJS
19 729 (18.89%) Continuous Integration
20 727 (18.84%) SQL
21 726 (18.81%) Docker
22 675 (17.49%) Amazon AWS
23 672 (17.41%) .NET
24 659 (17.08%) C#
25 651 (16.87%) JIRA
26 636 (16.48%) Finance
27 632 (16.38%) Node.js
28 589 (15.26%) Java 8
29 544 (14.10%) MVC
30 523 (13.55%) Linux

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 480 (12.44%) Confluence
2 201 (5.21%) Elasticsearch
3 154 (3.99%) Apache
4 100 (2.59%) Tomcat
5 94 (2.44%) CMS
6 89 (2.31%) Mule
7 86 (2.23%) JBoss
8 79 (2.05%) Apache Spark
9 69 (1.79%) SharePoint
10 68 (1.76%) WebLogic
11 62 (1.61%) MQSeries
12 53 (1.37%) WildFly
13 49 (1.27%) IIS
14 48 (1.24%) WebSphere
15 45 (1.17%) nginx
16 44 (1.14%) Cloud Foundry
16 44 (1.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 32 (0.83%) Apache Solr
18 30 (0.78%) Anypoint
19 29 (0.75%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 33 (0.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 16 (0.41%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.078%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.052%) GNU Octave
6 2 (0.052%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.026%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.026%) CATIA
7 1 (0.026%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.026%) HipChat
7 1 (0.026%) OmniGraffle
7 1 (0.026%) S-PLUS
7 1 (0.026%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 27 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (0.36%) Magento
3 7 (0.18%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 7 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
4 6 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
5 5 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
5 5 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
6 4 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
6 4 (0.10%) NetSuite
6 4 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
6 4 (0.10%) Workday HCM
7 3 (0.078%) Markit EDM
7 3 (0.078%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.052%) BusinessWorks
8 2 (0.052%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.052%) Oracle EBS R12
8 2 (0.052%) Orchard Housing
8 2 (0.052%) R3 Corda
8 2 (0.052%) SAP PM
8 2 (0.052%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 675 (17.49%) Amazon AWS
2 460 (11.92%) Microsoft Azure
3 230 (5.96%) GitHub
4 157 (4.07%) Serverless
5 99 (2.57%) PaaS
6 98 (2.54%) AWS Lambda
7 95 (2.46%) Google Cloud Platform
8 87 (2.25%) SaaS
9 67 (1.74%) Slack
10 62 (1.61%) Amazon S3
11 61 (1.58%) Heroku
12 55 (1.43%) Google Analytics
13 53 (1.37%) Amazon EC2
14 52 (1.35%) npm
15 49 (1.27%) OpenShift
16 44 (1.14%) Apigee
17 39 (1.01%) Amazon SQS
18 35 (0.91%) Office 365
19 34 (0.88%) AWS CloudFormation
19 34 (0.88%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 321 (8.32%) HTTP
2 116 (3.01%) SSL
3 103 (2.67%) TCP/IP
4 57 (1.48%) DNS
5 34 (0.88%) Internet
6 29 (0.75%) Firewall
7 27 (0.70%) FTP
8 26 (0.67%) HTTPS
9 22 (0.57%) Kerberos
9 22 (0.57%) VPN
10 17 (0.44%) AMQP
11 16 (0.41%) Reverse Proxy
12 15 (0.39%) SSH
13 14 (0.36%) LAN
13 14 (0.36%) Skype
14 10 (0.26%) Bluetooth
14 10 (0.26%) Unified Communications
14 10 (0.26%) WAN
15 8 (0.21%) X.509
16 7 (0.18%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 433 (11.22%) MongoDB
2 409 (10.60%) SQL Server
3 383 (9.92%) NoSQL
4 382 (9.90%) Relational Database
5 279 (7.23%) PostgreSQL
6 255 (6.61%) MySQL
7 169 (4.38%) Big Data
8 159 (4.12%) Apache Cassandra
9 109 (2.82%) Hadoop
10 101 (2.62%) RDBMS
11 96 (2.49%) Couchbase
12 86 (2.23%) HBase
13 73 (1.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 56 (1.45%) Redis
15 48 (1.24%) Neo4j
16 46 (1.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 45 (1.17%) Amazon RDS
18 43 (1.11%) Oracle Database
19 36 (0.93%) Parquet
20 32 (0.83%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 1,228 (31.82%) Git (software)
2 929 (24.07%) Jenkins
3 651 (16.87%) JIRA
4 491 (12.72%) Maven
5 405 (10.49%) JUnit
6 368 (9.54%) Selenium
7 341 (8.84%) Cucumber
8 241 (6.25%) Subversion
9 180 (4.66%) Mockito
10 175 (4.53%) Gradle
11 136 (3.52%) TeamCity
12 134 (3.47%) Visual Studio
13 131 (3.39%) gulp
14 123 (3.19%) Bitbucket
15 122 (3.16%) IntelliJ
16 121 (3.14%) Eclipse
17 111 (2.88%) SonarQube
18 107 (2.77%) WebDriver
19 102 (2.64%) Visual Studio Team System
20 99 (2.57%) SoapUI
General
1 636 (16.48%) Finance
2 395 (10.24%) Banking
3 133 (3.45%) Retail
4 85 (2.20%) Investment Banking
5 84 (2.18%) Marketing
6 74 (1.92%) Games
7 64 (1.66%) Front Office
8 42 (1.09%) Publishing
8 42 (1.09%) Telecoms
9 38 (0.98%) Law
10 35 (0.91%) Advertising
10 35 (0.91%) Manufacturing
11 34 (0.88%) Legal
12 29 (0.75%) Back Office
13 27 (0.70%) Electronics
14 23 (0.60%) Financial Institution
15 20 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
16 18 (0.47%) French Language
17 13 (0.34%) German Language
18 11 (0.29%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,763 (71.60%) Developer
2 1,058 (27.42%) Java Developer
3 305 (7.90%) Senior Developer
4 293 (7.59%) .NET Developer
5 287 (7.44%) Full Stack Developer
6 273 (7.07%) Architect
7 203 (5.26%) C# Developer
8 197 (5.10%) React Developer
9 192 (4.98%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 166 (4.30%) Scala Developer
11 156 (4.04%) JavaScript Developer
12 152 (3.94%) Agile Developer
12 152 (3.94%) Senior Java Developer
13 148 (3.84%) Angular Developer
14 140 (3.63%) Software Engineer
15 130 (3.37%) Lead Developer
16 119 (3.08%) Node.js Developer
17 118 (3.06%) AWS Developer
18 113 (2.93%) Tester
19 110 (2.85%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,048 (27.16%) Web Services
2 1,032 (26.74%) HTML
3 989 (25.63%) Spring
4 981 (25.42%) SOAP
5 907 (23.50%) JSON
6 876 (22.70%) CSS
7 758 (19.64%) AngularJS
8 672 (17.41%) .NET
9 632 (16.38%) Node.js
10 519 (13.45%) HTML5
11 480 (12.44%) XML
12 464 (12.02%) Spring Boot
13 452 (11.71%) React
14 416 (10.78%) RESTful
15 403 (10.44%) Hibernate
16 303 (7.85%) jQuery
17 262 (6.79%) J2EE
17 262 (6.79%) Kafka
18 261 (6.76%) JMS
19 252 (6.53%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 280 (7.26%) Greenfield Project
2 228 (5.91%) User Experience
3 178 (4.61%) Analytical Skills
4 135 (3.50%) Mobile App
5 125 (3.24%) Fintech
6 109 (2.82%) Linux Command Line
7 96 (2.49%) Algorithms
8 92 (2.38%) Enterprise Software
9 84 (2.18%) Data Structures
10 80 (2.07%) Self-Motivation
11 55 (1.43%) Data Centre
12 45 (1.17%) DataPower
13 39 (1.01%) Virtual Team
14 38 (0.98%) Fixed Income
15 31 (0.80%) Management Information System
15 31 (0.80%) Public Cloud
16 29 (0.75%) Clustering
16 29 (0.75%) iPad
17 28 (0.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 27 (0.70%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 523 (13.55%) Linux
2 336 (8.71%) Unix
3 227 (5.88%) Windows
4 141 (3.65%) Android
5 131 (3.39%) Apple iOS
6 56 (1.45%) Ubuntu
7 52 (1.35%) Mac OS X
8 51 (1.32%) Windows Server
9 49 (1.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 48 (1.24%) VMS
11 15 (0.39%) Mac OS
12 12 (0.31%) CentOS
13 10 (0.26%) AIX
14 9 (0.23%) Solaris
15 7 (0.18%) Windows 7
15 7 (0.18%) Windows 8
16 4 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
17 3 (0.078%) HPUX
18 2 (0.052%) Debian
18 2 (0.052%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,241 (58.07%) Agile Software Development
2 1,318 (34.15%) TDD
3 1,189 (30.81%) Microservices
4 899 (23.30%) BDD
5 846 (21.92%) Scrum
6 799 (20.70%) Test Automation
7 772 (20.01%) DevOps
8 729 (18.89%) Continuous Integration
9 544 (14.10%) MVC
10 390 (10.11%) Software Engineering
11 336 (8.71%) Kanban
11 336 (8.71%) Open Source
12 321 (8.32%) Unit Testing
13 314 (8.14%) OO
14 295 (7.64%) Front End Development
14 295 (7.64%) SOA
15 274 (7.10%) Problem-Solving
16 269 (6.97%) Pair Programming
17 243 (6.30%) Web Development
18 232 (6.01%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,977 (51.23%) Java
2 1,394 (36.12%) JavaScript
3 727 (18.84%) SQL
4 659 (17.08%) C#
5 589 (15.26%) Java 8
6 339 (8.78%) Python
7 300 (7.77%) Scala
8 204 (5.29%) TypeScript
9 191 (4.95%) Ruby
10 155 (4.02%) ES6
11 141 (3.65%) Groovy
12 125 (3.24%) Go
13 115 (2.98%) PHP
14 85 (2.20%) Bash Shell
15 82 (2.12%) PL/SQL
16 77 (2.00%) PowerShell
17 74 (1.92%) Java 9
18 65 (1.68%) Perl
18 65 (1.68%) Shell Script
19 51 (1.32%) C
Qualifications
1 277 (7.18%) Security Cleared
2 219 (5.68%) SC Cleared
3 193 (5.00%) Degree
4 78 (2.02%) BPSS Clearance
5 59 (1.53%) Computer Science Degree
6 55 (1.43%) DV Cleared
7 30 (0.78%) Numerate Degree
8 20 (0.52%) Microsoft Certification
9 19 (0.49%) Master's Degree
10 15 (0.39%) Cisco Certification
11 14 (0.36%) ITIL Certification
12 12 (0.31%) ISTQB
13 11 (0.29%) CCNA
13 11 (0.29%) ISEB
13 11 (0.29%) MCSE
14 9 (0.23%) Sun Certification
15 8 (0.21%) MCSA
15 8 (0.21%) OCA
15 8 (0.21%) Oracle Certification
15 8 (0.21%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 247 (6.40%) QA
2 26 (0.67%) WCAG
3 13 (0.34%) GDPR
4 12 (0.31%) PSD2
5 10 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
5 10 (0.26%) SEPA
6 9 (0.23%) Data Quality
7 7 (0.18%) PMO
8 5 (0.13%) MiFID
9 4 (0.10%) HL7
9 4 (0.10%) SLA
9 4 (0.10%) TARGET2
10 3 (0.078%) Dodd-Frank
10 3 (0.078%) EMIR
10 3 (0.078%) Solvency II
11 2 (0.052%) FATCA
12 1 (0.026%) ISO 20022
12 1 (0.026%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 1 (0.026%) OASIS TOSCA
12 1 (0.026%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 726 (18.81%) Docker
2 42 (1.09%) HDFS
3 39 (1.01%) Active Directory
4 38 (0.98%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 18 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
6 11 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (0.26%) OpenAM
8 9 (0.23%) vSphere
9 6 (0.16%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 6 (0.16%) vCloud
9 6 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
10 5 (0.13%) KVM
10 5 (0.13%) Postfix
10 5 (0.13%) Squid
10 5 (0.13%) VMware NSX
11 4 (0.10%) OpenDJ
11 4 (0.10%) VirtualBox
12 3 (0.078%) Apache Flume
12 3 (0.078%) oVirt
12 3 (0.078%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 304 (7.88%) Kubernetes
2 149 (3.86%) Ansible
3 118 (3.06%) Puppet
4 96 (2.49%) Terraform
5 92 (2.38%) Kibana
6 71 (1.84%) Grafana
7 38 (0.98%) Opscode Chef
7 38 (0.98%) Single Sign-On
8 35 (0.91%) logstash
9 34 (0.88%) Docker Swarm
9 34 (0.88%) Hadoop YARN
10 25 (0.65%) Nessus
11 20 (0.52%) Graphite
12 19 (0.49%) Rancher
13 18 (0.47%) HP ALM
13 18 (0.47%) Prometheus
14 14 (0.36%) CloudHub
14 14 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
15 11 (0.29%) vCenter Server
16 10 (0.26%) Salt
Vendors
1 286 (7.41%) Oracle
2 278 (7.20%) Microsoft
3 220 (5.70%) Google
4 98 (2.54%) IBM
5 93 (2.41%) Salesforce.com
6 91 (2.36%) MuleSoft
7 86 (2.23%) Atlassian
8 83 (2.15%) SAP
9 58 (1.50%) Splunk
10 57 (1.48%) ServiceNow
11 52 (1.35%) Adobe
12 40 (1.04%) VMware
13 39 (1.01%) WSO2
14 36 (0.93%) webMethods
15 34 (0.88%) HP
16 32 (0.83%) Red Hat
17 23 (0.60%) Cisco
17 23 (0.60%) hybris
18 22 (0.57%) Pega
19 21 (0.54%) Apple