Period
to 21 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 21 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 444 646 773
Rank change year-on-year +202 +127 +22
Contract jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud 482 224 107
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.51% 0.24% 0.11%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.14% 1.41% 0.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 382 175 78
England median daily rate £525 £550 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +10.00% +17.65%
10th Percentile £406 £421 £325
90th Percentile £638 £638 £588
UK median daily rate £525 £538 £500
% change year-on-year -2.33% +7.50% +17.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
England median hourly rate £109.50 - -
UK median hourly rate £109.50 - -

Virtual Private Cloud is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 22,485 15,871 11,797
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 23.63% 16.73% 12.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,727 11,097 8,129
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £306 £275 £281
90th Percentile £650 £625 £605
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 302 205 168
England median hourly rate £17.50 £20.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +5.26% -12.20%
10th Percentile £11.30 £11.00 £12.18
90th Percentile £62.65 £59.50 £56.79
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £19.00 £18.55
% change year-on-year -7.89% +2.45% -14.30%

Virtual Private Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Private Cloud as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Private Cloud in England

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Private Cloud in England

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud in England over the 6 months to 21 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Private Cloud in England

Virtual Private Cloud
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud within the England region over the 6 months to 21 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +129 305 £550 - 48
North of England +83 104 £525 +10.53% 4
Yorkshire +52 64 £550 - 2
North West +4 39 £465 -2.11% 2
Midlands +11 37 £488 -2.50% 9
East Midlands +31 26 £500 +5.26% 2
South East -4 14 £440 -14.15% 1
South West -4 14 £475 -2.56% 1
West Midlands -20 11 £360 -28.00% 7
East of England +3 7 £584 +6.14% 3
North East - 5 £500 -
Virtual Private Cloud
UK

For the 6 months to 21 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud.

1 475 (98.55%) Amazon AWS
2 391 (81.12%) Amazon EC2
3 309 (64.11%) Amazon S3
4 262 (54.36%) DevOps
5 229 (47.51%) Ansible
6 224 (46.47%) Jenkins
7 221 (45.85%) Python
8 201 (41.70%) Linux
9 188 (39.00%) Terraform
10 176 (36.51%) Amazon RDS
11 157 (32.57%) Puppet
12 154 (31.95%) Opscode Chef
13 151 (31.33%) Serverless
14 145 (30.08%) Docker
15 144 (29.88%) Agile Software Development
16 135 (28.01%) AWS CloudFormation
17 126 (26.14%) AWS Lambda
18 124 (25.73%) Web Services
19 115 (23.86%) SQL
19 115 (23.86%) Route 53
20 113 (23.44%) Amazon ELB
21 109 (22.61%) Bash Shell
22 107 (22.20%) Kubernetes
23 105 (21.78%) PowerShell
24 103 (21.37%) Windows
25 91 (18.88%) Unix
26 87 (18.05%) Java
27 85 (17.63%) ETL
28 84 (17.43%) Build Automation
28 84 (17.43%) Splunk

Virtual Private Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (9.54%) Confluence
2 42 (8.71%) IIS
3 23 (4.77%) Elasticsearch
4 18 (3.73%) Tomcat
5 17 (3.53%) Apache
6 16 (3.32%) nginx
7 4 (0.83%) SAS
8 3 (0.62%) Apache Spark
8 3 (0.62%) MS Exchange
8 3 (0.62%) OpenStack
9 2 (0.41%) Apache Pig
9 2 (0.41%) JBoss
9 2 (0.41%) Jupyter
9 2 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.21%) CMS
10 1 (0.21%) Drupal
10 1 (0.21%) Gunicorn
10 1 (0.21%) Mule
10 1 (0.21%) SharePoint 2013
10 1 (0.21%) WordPress
Applications
1 46 (9.54%) MS Visio
2 45 (9.34%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.62%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.21%) Stata
Business Applications
1 1 (0.21%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 475 (98.55%) Amazon AWS
2 391 (81.12%) Amazon EC2
3 309 (64.11%) Amazon S3
4 151 (31.33%) Serverless
5 135 (28.01%) AWS CloudFormation
6 126 (26.14%) AWS Lambda
7 115 (23.86%) Route 53
8 113 (23.44%) Amazon ELB
9 76 (15.77%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 43 (8.92%) Amazon EMR
11 38 (7.88%) Amazon Glacier
11 38 (7.88%) Amazon SQS
12 32 (6.64%) AWS CloudTrail
13 30 (6.22%) CloudFront
14 29 (6.02%) OpenShift
15 26 (5.39%) Google Cloud Platform
16 25 (5.19%) Microsoft Azure
17 24 (4.98%) IaaS
18 18 (3.73%) GitHub
19 17 (3.53%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 75 (15.56%) Firewall
2 60 (12.45%) VPN
3 57 (11.83%) DNS
4 44 (9.13%) HTTP
5 37 (7.68%) TCP/IP
6 16 (3.32%) BGP
6 16 (3.32%) LAN
6 16 (3.32%) WAN
7 15 (3.11%) Network Security
7 15 (3.11%) OSPF
8 12 (2.49%) ICMP
9 11 (2.28%) MPLS
9 11 (2.28%) OpenLDAP
9 11 (2.28%) OpenVPN
9 11 (2.28%) SSH
9 11 (2.28%) WLAN
10 9 (1.87%) SSL
11 8 (1.66%) Intrusion Detection
12 6 (1.24%) Cisco ASA
12 6 (1.24%) IP Telephony
Database & Business Intelligence
1 176 (36.51%) Amazon RDS
2 71 (14.73%) SQL Server
3 66 (13.69%) MySQL
4 54 (11.20%) Big Data
5 52 (10.79%) Hadoop
6 51 (10.58%) Amazon Redshift
7 46 (9.54%) Amazon Aurora
8 42 (8.71%) Apache Hive
8 42 (8.71%) MongoDB
8 42 (8.71%) NoSQL
9 40 (8.30%) Impala
9 40 (8.30%) Sqoop
10 37 (7.68%) Relational Database
11 35 (7.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 33 (6.85%) Apache Cassandra
13 31 (6.43%) PostgreSQL
14 14 (2.90%) Redis
15 5 (1.04%) Data Mining
15 5 (1.04%) Oracle Database
15 5 (1.04%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 224 (46.47%) Jenkins
2 61 (12.66%) Git (software)
3 54 (11.20%) GitLab
4 51 (10.58%) JIRA
5 39 (8.09%) SonarQube
6 21 (4.36%) Maven
7 20 (4.15%) Bitbucket
8 16 (3.32%) Octopus Deploy
9 14 (2.90%) Sonatype Nexus
10 12 (2.49%) Ant
11 11 (2.28%) JUnit
12 9 (1.87%) Liquibase
13 8 (1.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 7 (1.45%) Subversion
14 7 (1.45%) Team Foundation Server
15 4 (0.83%) Artifactory
15 4 (0.83%) Cucumber
15 4 (0.83%) Gradle
15 4 (0.83%) Hudson
15 4 (0.83%) Mockito
General
1 57 (11.83%) Finance
2 9 (1.87%) Retail
3 6 (1.24%) Banking
3 6 (1.24%) Financial Institution
4 5 (1.04%) Publishing
5 2 (0.41%) Electronics
5 2 (0.41%) Legal
5 2 (0.41%) Manufacturing
5 2 (0.41%) Marketing
5 2 (0.41%) Telecoms
6 1 (0.21%) Billing
6 1 (0.21%) Games
6 1 (0.21%) Music Industry
6 1 (0.21%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 182 (37.76%) DevOps Engineer
2 179 (37.14%) AWS Engineer
3 136 (28.22%) AWS DevOps
4 126 (26.14%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 62 (12.86%) Cloud Engineer
6 60 (12.45%) Operations Engineer
7 52 (10.79%) Architect
8 49 (10.17%) Platform Engineer
9 34 (7.05%) AWS Architect
10 29 (6.02%) Consultant
10 29 (6.02%) Developer
11 26 (5.39%) Cloud Architect
12 24 (4.98%) Administrator
13 23 (4.77%) AWS Consultant
14 19 (3.94%) AWS Developer
14 19 (3.94%) Network Engineer
14 19 (3.94%) Systems Administrator
15 16 (3.32%) Data Engineer
16 15 (3.11%) Senior DevOps
17 14 (2.90%) Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 124 (25.73%) Web Services
2 46 (9.54%) Elastic Stack
3 44 (9.13%) .NET
4 24 (4.98%) Node.js
5 16 (3.32%) JSON
6 14 (2.90%) REST
7 10 (2.07%) RabbitMQ
7 10 (2.07%) SAML
8 9 (1.87%) ActiveMQ
9 8 (1.66%) MCollective
10 7 (1.45%) Kafka
10 7 (1.45%) LEMP Stack
10 7 (1.45%) Memcached
10 7 (1.45%) PHP-FPM
10 7 (1.45%) Spring
11 6 (1.24%) 802.1X
11 6 (1.24%) Express
11 6 (1.24%) LAMP
12 5 (1.04%) AngularJS
12 5 (1.04%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 45 (9.34%) Wiki
2 44 (9.13%) Analytical Skills
3 33 (6.85%) Computer Science
4 29 (6.02%) Greenfield Project
5 26 (5.39%) Cloud Native
5 26 (5.39%) Public Cloud
6 19 (3.94%) Data Centre
7 13 (2.70%) Management Information System
8 11 (2.28%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 11 (2.28%) Fintech
8 11 (2.28%) Linux Command Line
9 8 (1.66%) Blog
10 7 (1.45%) Hybrid Cloud
11 5 (1.04%) Enterprise Cloud
12 4 (0.83%) Hedge funds
12 4 (0.83%) Self-Motivation
13 3 (0.62%) Freedom of Information
13 3 (0.62%) Freedom of Information Act
14 2 (0.41%) Analytical Mindset
14 2 (0.41%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 201 (41.70%) Linux
2 103 (21.37%) Windows
3 91 (18.88%) Unix
4 70 (14.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 66 (13.69%) CentOS
6 16 (3.32%) Windows Server
7 9 (1.87%) Windows Server 2012
8 8 (1.66%) Solaris
9 6 (1.24%) Ubuntu
9 6 (1.24%) VMS
10 4 (0.83%) CoreOS
11 2 (0.41%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 262 (54.36%) DevOps
2 144 (29.88%) Agile Software Development
3 85 (17.63%) ETL
4 84 (17.43%) Build Automation
5 79 (16.39%) Continuous Integration
6 77 (15.98%) Test Automation
7 67 (13.90%) Open Source
8 65 (13.49%) Configuration Management
9 60 (12.45%) Auto-Scaling
10 57 (11.83%) Migration
11 54 (11.20%) Scrum
12 47 (9.75%) Microservices
13 46 (9.54%) Analytics
14 45 (9.34%) Data Analysis
14 45 (9.34%) Data Extraction
15 39 (8.09%) Load Balancing
16 34 (7.05%) Infrastructure Monitoring
17 32 (6.64%) Data Analytics
18 27 (5.60%) Vulnerability Management
19 24 (4.98%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 221 (45.85%) Python
2 115 (23.86%) SQL
3 109 (22.61%) Bash Shell
4 105 (21.78%) PowerShell
5 87 (18.05%) Java
6 49 (10.17%) Shell Script
7 45 (9.34%) Korn
8 42 (8.71%) Ruby
9 21 (4.36%) JavaScript
10 13 (2.70%) Groovy
11 8 (1.66%) PHP
11 8 (1.66%) TypeScript
12 7 (1.45%) Go
12 7 (1.45%) Java 8
12 7 (1.45%) Perl
13 6 (1.24%) ES6
14 4 (0.83%) C
15 3 (0.62%) C#
15 3 (0.62%) Scala
16 2 (0.41%) C++
Qualifications
1 42 (8.71%) Security Cleared
2 37 (7.68%) SC Cleared
3 34 (7.05%) Degree
4 31 (6.43%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (3.73%) AWS Certification
6 14 (2.90%) Cisco Certification
7 12 (2.49%) CCIE
8 11 (2.28%) CSSLP
8 11 (2.28%) ISSMP
9 10 (2.07%) CISA
9 10 (2.07%) CISM
9 10 (2.07%) CISSP
9 10 (2.07%) ISSAP
10 4 (0.83%) CCNP
11 3 (0.62%) ITIL Certification
12 2 (0.41%) BPSS Clearance
12 2 (0.41%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.28%) FedRAMP
1 11 (2.28%) HIPAA
1 11 (2.28%) PCI DSS
2 6 (1.24%) QA
3 2 (0.41%) Data Quality
System Software
1 145 (30.08%) Docker
2 40 (8.30%) HDFS
3 20 (4.15%) Active Directory
4 16 (3.32%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (2.49%) Squid
6 10 (2.07%) Virtual Machines
7 8 (1.66%) Hyper-V
7 8 (1.66%) Postfix
7 8 (1.66%) vCloud
8 3 (0.62%) Xen
8 3 (0.62%) XenApp
9 2 (0.41%) Btrfs
9 2 (0.41%) Firmware
10 1 (0.21%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 229 (47.51%) Ansible
2 188 (39.00%) Terraform
3 157 (32.57%) Puppet
4 154 (31.95%) Opscode Chef
5 107 (22.20%) Kubernetes
6 76 (15.77%) Packer
7 40 (8.30%) Hadoop YARN
8 39 (8.09%) Grafana
9 38 (7.88%) Prometheus
9 38 (7.88%) Rancher
10 24 (4.98%) Mesos
11 18 (3.73%) ZABBIX
12 14 (2.90%) HAProxy
12 14 (2.90%) Sysdig
13 13 (2.70%) Docker Swarm
14 11 (2.28%) Istio
14 11 (2.28%) Nagios
15 10 (2.07%) Kibana
16 9 (1.87%) logstash
17 8 (1.66%) Rsyslog
Vendors
1 84 (17.43%) Splunk
2 67 (13.90%) Oracle
3 40 (8.30%) Cloudera
4 30 (6.22%) Black Duck
5 24 (4.98%) VMware
6 22 (4.56%) Microsoft
7 19 (3.94%) Atlassian
8 18 (3.73%) Google
9 11 (2.28%) CyberArk
9 11 (2.28%) Red Hat
10 9 (1.87%) Cisco
10 9 (1.87%) Meraki
11 8 (1.66%) F5
11 8 (1.66%) Sonatype
12 7 (1.45%) Solace
13 6 (1.24%) Fortinet
13 6 (1.24%) SolarWinds
13 6 (1.24%) Symantec
14 5 (1.04%) PlateSpin
15 4 (0.83%) Tableau