Period
to 12 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 12 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
UK > England
6 months to
12 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 548 432 637
Rank change year-on-year -116 +205 +92
Contract jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud 209 501 241
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.29% 0.52% 0.25%
As % of the Cloud Services category 0.95% 2.08% 1.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 144 394 189
England median daily rate £564 £525 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.38% -4.55% +6.28%
10th Percentile £327 £400 £424
90th Percentile £675 £668 £638
UK median daily rate £565 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +7.62% -4.55% +8.37%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 0
England median hourly rate - £72.25 -
UK median hourly rate - £72.25 -

Virtual Private Cloud is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 21,980 24,120 16,941
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.11% 25.04% 17.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,073 16,936 11,876
England median daily rate £500 £493 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.52% +3.68% +5.56%
10th Percentile £281 £306 £275
90th Percentile £663 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £495 £485 £473
% change year-on-year +2.06% +2.65% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 357 313 206
England median hourly rate £21.50 £17.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.86% -12.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.25 £11.13
90th Percentile £80.25 £57.50 £58.75
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £17.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year +20.00% -12.50% +9.45%

Virtual Private Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Private Cloud as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Private Cloud in England

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Private Cloud in England

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud in England over the 6 months to 12 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Private Cloud in England

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Private Cloud in England

Virtual Private Cloud
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud within the England region over the 6 months to 12 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -92 89 £600 +9.09% 35
North of England -2 55 £495 -1.00% 11
North West +7 28 £463 +1.65% 2
South East +61 25 £613 +39.20% 7
South West +6 17 £550 +15.79% 3
Midlands +23 15 £325 -33.33% 8
Yorkshire -10 14 £505 -8.18% 8
North East +29 13 £466 -6.75% 1
West Midlands +44 12 £325 -9.72% 4
East of England +39 10 £613 +9.38% 3
East Midlands -2 3 £425 -12.82% 4
Virtual Private Cloud
UK

For the 6 months to 12 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud.

1 207 (99.04%) AWS
2 142 (67.94%) DevOps
3 134 (64.11%) Amazon EC2
4 126 (60.29%) Python
5 120 (57.42%) Amazon S3
6 108 (51.67%) Linux
7 101 (48.33%) Terraform
8 99 (47.37%) Docker
9 97 (46.41%) Ansible
10 95 (45.45%) Jenkins
11 92 (44.02%) Agile Software Development
12 85 (40.67%) Amazon RDS
13 75 (35.89%) Serverless
14 73 (34.93%) AWS CloudFormation
15 72 (34.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 70 (33.49%) AWS Lambda
17 66 (31.58%) Puppet
18 63 (30.14%) Bash Shell
19 60 (28.71%) Route 53
20 57 (27.27%) Configuration Management
21 53 (25.36%) Java
22 50 (23.92%) Kubernetes
22 50 (23.92%) Opscode Chef
23 49 (23.44%) VPN
24 46 (22.01%) JIRA
24 46 (22.01%) Amazon ELB
25 45 (21.53%) Git (software)
26 43 (20.57%) Amazon ECS
27 42 (20.10%) Continuous Integration
28 41 (19.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Virtual Private Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (11.48%) Confluence
2 21 (10.05%) Apache
3 19 (9.09%) nginx
4 8 (3.83%) Apache Spark
4 8 (3.83%) Elasticsearch
5 3 (1.44%) OpenStack
6 2 (0.96%) JBoss
6 2 (0.96%) WebLogic
6 2 (0.96%) WebSphere
7 1 (0.48%) WebSphere Application Server
Cloud Services
1 207 (99.04%) AWS
2 134 (64.11%) Amazon EC2
3 120 (57.42%) Amazon S3
4 75 (35.89%) Serverless
5 73 (34.93%) AWS CloudFormation
6 72 (34.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 70 (33.49%) AWS Lambda
8 60 (28.71%) Route 53
9 46 (22.01%) Amazon ELB
10 43 (20.57%) Amazon ECS
11 37 (17.70%) AWS CloudTrail
12 31 (14.83%) CloudFront
13 24 (11.48%) Amazon SQS
14 22 (10.53%) Amazon EMR
15 21 (10.05%) GCP
16 20 (9.57%) Azure
17 19 (9.09%) GitHub
18 17 (8.13%) Amazon Glacier
19 15 (7.18%) Datadog
20 14 (6.70%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 49 (23.44%) VPN
2 29 (13.88%) DNS
2 29 (13.88%) Firewall
3 24 (11.48%) Internet
4 13 (6.22%) HTTP
4 13 (6.22%) TCP/IP
5 10 (4.78%) WAN
6 8 (3.83%) IPsec
7 5 (2.39%) DHCP
7 5 (2.39%) Network Security
7 5 (2.39%) VLAN
7 5 (2.39%) Wi-Fi
8 4 (1.91%) BGP
8 4 (1.91%) Cisco ASA
8 4 (1.91%) DMZ
8 4 (1.91%) NAS
8 4 (1.91%) SAN
8 4 (1.91%) SNMP
8 4 (1.91%) SSL
9 3 (1.44%) VRRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (40.67%) Amazon RDS
2 31 (14.83%) MySQL
3 21 (10.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 14 (6.70%) MongoDB
5 12 (5.74%) Amazon Redshift
5 12 (5.74%) Apache Cassandra
5 12 (5.74%) Hadoop
6 8 (3.83%) Apache Hive
6 8 (3.83%) Big Data
7 7 (3.35%) HBase
8 6 (2.87%) Amazon Athena
8 6 (2.87%) Data Warehouse
9 4 (1.91%) Electronic Patient Records
9 4 (1.91%) Presto
9 4 (1.91%) Snowflake Schema
10 3 (1.44%) PostgreSQL
10 3 (1.44%) SAP HANA
11 2 (0.96%) Bigtable
11 2 (0.96%) DB2
11 2 (0.96%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 95 (45.45%) Jenkins
2 46 (22.01%) JIRA
3 45 (21.53%) Git (software)
4 23 (11.00%) GitLab
5 20 (9.57%) SonarQube
6 10 (4.78%) Sonatype Nexus
7 7 (3.35%) Bitbucket
7 7 (3.35%) CircleCI
8 4 (1.91%) Snyk
8 4 (1.91%) Subversion
9 3 (1.44%) Artifactory
9 3 (1.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 2 (0.96%) Gradle
10 2 (0.96%) Maven
11 1 (0.48%) Cucumber
11 1 (0.48%) JMeter
11 1 (0.48%) Octopus Deploy
11 1 (0.48%) Selenium
11 1 (0.48%) Spinnaker
11 1 (0.48%) WebDriver
General
1 24 (11.48%) Finance
2 9 (4.31%) Retail
3 7 (3.35%) Banking
4 6 (2.87%) Public Sector
5 4 (1.91%) Billing
5 4 (1.91%) Marketing
6 3 (1.44%) Automotive
6 3 (1.44%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.48%) Electronics
7 1 (0.48%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.48%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 86 (41.15%) DevOps Engineer
2 59 (28.23%) AWS Engineer
3 33 (15.79%) AWS DevOps
4 31 (14.83%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 26 (12.44%) Architect
6 21 (10.05%) Developer
7 20 (9.57%) Cloud Engineer
8 16 (7.66%) Senior DevOps
8 16 (7.66%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 14 (6.70%) Cloud Architect
10 13 (6.22%) Java Developer
11 12 (5.74%) Security Engineer
12 10 (4.78%) AWS Architect
13 9 (4.31%) Infrastructure Architect
14 8 (3.83%) Cloud Infrastructure Architect
14 8 (3.83%) Platform Engineer
14 8 (3.83%) Senior Developer
15 7 (3.35%) Administrator
15 7 (3.35%) Data Engineer
15 7 (3.35%) Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (17.70%) Web Services
2 20 (9.57%) Node.js
3 18 (8.61%) LEMP Stack
4 17 (8.13%) JSON
5 14 (6.70%) LAMP
6 13 (6.22%) Elastic Stack
7 11 (5.26%) Kafka
7 11 (5.26%) RabbitMQ
8 6 (2.87%) HTML
9 5 (2.39%) .NET
9 5 (2.39%) .NET Core
10 4 (1.91%) boto
10 4 (1.91%) RESTful
10 4 (1.91%) Swagger
10 4 (1.91%) YAML
11 3 (1.44%) 802.1X
12 2 (0.96%) OAuth
12 2 (0.96%) PHP-FPM
12 2 (0.96%) React
12 2 (0.96%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 22 (10.53%) Public Cloud
2 9 (4.31%) PKI
3 8 (3.83%) Cloud Native
3 8 (3.83%) Clustering
3 8 (3.83%) Greenfield Project
3 8 (3.83%) Linux Command Line
4 5 (2.39%) Analytical Skills
4 5 (2.39%) Data Centre
5 4 (1.91%) Data Structures
5 4 (1.91%) Hybrid Cloud
5 4 (1.91%) Self-Motivation
6 3 (1.44%) Enterprise Cloud
6 3 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
7 2 (0.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 2 (0.96%) Mobile Banking
8 1 (0.48%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 1 (0.48%) Hedge funds
8 1 (0.48%) Mobile App
8 1 (0.48%) NHS
8 1 (0.48%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 108 (51.67%) Linux
2 41 (19.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 40 (19.14%) Windows
4 30 (14.35%) CentOS
5 24 (11.48%) Unix
6 18 (8.61%) Ubuntu
7 12 (5.74%) Windows Server
8 4 (1.91%) Solaris
9 3 (1.44%) Debian
10 2 (0.96%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.96%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.48%) AIX
11 1 (0.48%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 142 (67.94%) DevOps
2 92 (44.02%) Agile Software Development
3 57 (27.27%) Configuration Management
4 42 (20.10%) Continuous Integration
5 36 (17.22%) Microservices
6 29 (13.88%) Scrum
7 27 (12.92%) Continuous Delivery
8 26 (12.44%) Load Balancing
9 25 (11.96%) Infrastructure Automation
9 25 (11.96%) Migration
10 23 (11.00%) Infrastructure as Code
10 23 (11.00%) Kanban
11 15 (7.18%) DevSecOps
11 15 (7.18%) TDD
12 13 (6.22%) Open Source
12 13 (6.22%) Problem-Solving
13 12 (5.74%) ITIL
14 11 (5.26%) Analytics
14 11 (5.26%) Service Delivery
15 10 (4.78%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 126 (60.29%) Python
2 63 (30.14%) Bash Shell
3 53 (25.36%) Java
4 20 (9.57%) Shell Script
4 20 (9.57%) SQL
5 19 (9.09%) Ruby
6 18 (8.61%) JavaScript
6 18 (8.61%) Perl
7 16 (7.66%) Scala
8 15 (7.18%) PowerShell
9 11 (5.26%) Groovy
9 11 (5.26%) PHP
10 5 (2.39%) Go
11 4 (1.91%) C#
11 4 (1.91%) Java 8
11 4 (1.91%) TypeScript
12 2 (0.96%) C
12 2 (0.96%) RPG
12 2 (0.96%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
13 1 (0.48%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 35 (16.75%) AWS Certification
2 23 (11.00%) Security Cleared
3 13 (6.22%) RHCE
4 12 (5.74%) SC Cleared
5 9 (4.31%) Degree
6 2 (0.96%) BC Cleared
6 2 (0.96%) CCNA
6 2 (0.96%) CCNP
6 2 (0.96%) Cisco Certification
6 2 (0.96%) CISSP
6 2 (0.96%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (0.96%) TOGAF Certification
7 1 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.48%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.48%) LPIC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (1.44%) GDPR
2 2 (0.96%) HIPAA
2 2 (0.96%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (0.96%) NIST
2 2 (0.96%) NIST 800
2 2 (0.96%) PCI DSS
2 2 (0.96%) QA
2 2 (0.96%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 99 (47.37%) Docker
2 18 (8.61%) Active Directory
3 12 (5.74%) Hyper-V
4 7 (3.35%) vSphere
5 6 (2.87%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (2.39%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.96%) LXC
8 1 (0.48%) HDFS
8 1 (0.48%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.48%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.48%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 101 (48.33%) Terraform
2 97 (46.41%) Ansible
3 66 (31.58%) Puppet
4 50 (23.92%) Kubernetes
4 50 (23.92%) Opscode Chef
5 20 (9.57%) Packer
6 13 (6.22%) Rancher
7 11 (5.26%) Consul
7 11 (5.26%) HAProxy
8 10 (4.78%) Suricata
9 9 (4.31%) Grafana
9 9 (4.31%) Nagios
10 7 (3.35%) Prometheus
10 7 (3.35%) ZABBIX
11 5 (2.39%) Salt
12 4 (1.91%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (1.91%) QRadar
12 4 (1.91%) vRealize
13 3 (1.44%) Red Hat Satellite
13 3 (1.44%) Red Hat Spacewalk
Vendors
1 30 (14.35%) Splunk
2 25 (11.96%) Red Hat
3 20 (9.57%) Google
4 10 (4.78%) Qualys
4 10 (4.78%) ServiceNow
4 10 (4.78%) VMware
5 9 (4.31%) Atlassian
5 9 (4.31%) Microsoft
5 9 (4.31%) Oracle
6 8 (3.83%) New Relic
6 8 (3.83%) Ping Identity
7 7 (3.35%) Black Duck
7 7 (3.35%) SolarWinds
7 7 (3.35%) Teradata
8 6 (2.87%) SAP
9 5 (2.39%) AppDynamics
9 5 (2.39%) Cisco
10 4 (1.91%) CommVault
10 4 (1.91%) IBM
10 4 (1.91%) PlateSpin