Period
to 29 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 29 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK > England
6 months to
29 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 121 207 330
Rank change year-on-year +86 +123 +332
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,124 1,257 742
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.98% 1.41% 0.80%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.47% 5.13% 3.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 852 915 582
Median daily rate £525 £545 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.67% +6.34% +2.50%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £413
90th Percentile £688 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £525 £538 £507
% change year-on-year -2.33% +6.12% +1.30%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 0 1
Median hourly rate £72.50 - £50.00
UK median hourly rate £72.50 £42.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year +70.59% -15.00% -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 17,385 24,501 19,098
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.60% 27.54% 20.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,785 17,051 13,205
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £288 £313 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 337 276 234
Median hourly rate £24.20 £18.25 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.58% -8.75% +5.26%
10th Percentile £14.00 £12.06 £11.40
90th Percentile £56.75 £58.75 £48.03
Median hourly rate £23.19 £18.66 £18.95
% change year-on-year +24.28% -1.50% +5.25%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the England region over the 6 months to 29 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +49 611 £550 - 205
North of England +81 171 £520 +11.83% 60
South East +68 151 £500 - 49
South West +84 109 £531 +6.20% 20
North West +62 99 £525 +3.96% 35
East of England +58 51 £525 +7.69% 18
Yorkshire +50 42 £500 +8.70% 18
North East +40 30 £469 +10.46% 7
Midlands +21 29 £500 +2.56% 29
West Midlands +15 20 £500 -2.44% 23
East Midlands +33 9 £505 +20.60% 6
Serverless
UK

For the 6 months to 29 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Serverless.

1 808 (71.89%) AWS
2 641 (57.03%) AWS Lambda
3 509 (45.28%) Agile Software Development
4 488 (43.42%) Python
5 483 (42.97%) DevOps
6 372 (33.10%) Azure
7 340 (30.25%) Docker
8 317 (28.20%) Java
9 292 (25.98%) Amazon S3
10 281 (25.00%) Terraform
11 276 (24.56%) Kubernetes
12 273 (24.29%) JavaScript
13 260 (23.13%) Amazon EC2
14 245 (21.80%) Microservices
15 238 (21.17%) Node.js
16 229 (20.37%) Jenkins
17 217 (19.31%) Azure Functions
18 214 (19.04%) AWS CloudFormation
19 208 (18.51%) C#
20 206 (18.33%) Web Services
21 197 (17.53%) Finance
22 194 (17.26%) Git (software)
23 185 (16.46%) SQL
24 177 (15.75%) .NET
25 175 (15.57%) TDD
26 168 (14.95%) Software Engineering
26 168 (14.95%) Amazon RDS
27 164 (14.59%) React
28 158 (14.06%) Scrum
29 150 (13.35%) Linux

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 51 (4.54%) Apache Spark
2 43 (3.83%) Confluence
2 43 (3.83%) Elasticsearch
3 29 (2.58%) SharePoint
4 15 (1.33%) Apache
5 13 (1.16%) CMS
5 13 (1.16%) nginx
6 9 (0.80%) BizTalk Server
7 7 (0.62%) Drupal
7 7 (0.62%) Headless CMS
8 5 (0.44%) Apache Airflow
8 5 (0.44%) JBoss
8 5 (0.44%) WebSphere
9 4 (0.36%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 4 (0.36%) Apache Pig
9 4 (0.36%) Tomcat
10 3 (0.27%) IIS
11 2 (0.18%) Apache Solr
11 2 (0.18%) Oracle Workflow
11 2 (0.18%) SAS
Applications
1 27 (2.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (1.87%) MS Visio
3 17 (1.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.27%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.089%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.089%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.089%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 43 (3.83%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.80%) Adobe Campaign
3 5 (0.44%) FINCAD Analytics
4 3 (0.27%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.18%) Markit EDM
5 2 (0.18%) Shopify
5 2 (0.18%) SimCorp Dimension
5 2 (0.18%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.089%) Actimize
6 1 (0.089%) SAP Business ByDesign
6 1 (0.089%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 808 (71.89%) AWS
2 641 (57.03%) AWS Lambda
3 372 (33.10%) Azure
4 292 (25.98%) Amazon S3
5 260 (23.13%) Amazon EC2
6 217 (19.31%) Azure Functions
7 214 (19.04%) AWS CloudFormation
8 134 (11.92%) Amazon ECS
8 134 (11.92%) Amazon SQS
9 108 (9.61%) OpenShift
10 89 (7.92%) PaaS
11 85 (7.56%) Amazon Kinesis
12 82 (7.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 81 (7.21%) GitHub
14 77 (6.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 69 (6.14%) Power Platform
16 67 (5.96%) Azure Active Directory
17 65 (5.78%) SaaS
18 64 (5.69%) CloudFront
19 63 (5.60%) GCP
Communications & Networking
1 35 (3.11%) DNS
2 25 (2.22%) VPN
3 17 (1.51%) Network Security
4 11 (0.98%) TCP/IP
5 10 (0.89%) DHCP
5 10 (0.89%) HTTP
6 8 (0.71%) Firewall
7 7 (0.62%) MQTT
8 6 (0.53%) AMQP
8 6 (0.53%) SSL
9 5 (0.44%) Internet
10 4 (0.36%) OpenVPN
11 3 (0.27%) HTTPS
11 3 (0.27%) IPsec
11 3 (0.27%) Skype
11 3 (0.27%) SNMP
11 3 (0.27%) SSH
12 2 (0.18%) SMS
12 2 (0.18%) Wireshark
12 2 (0.18%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 168 (14.95%) Amazon RDS
2 132 (11.74%) Amazon Redshift
3 97 (8.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 74 (6.58%) Amazon Athena
5 73 (6.49%) NoSQL
6 69 (6.14%) SQL Server
7 66 (5.87%) Power BI
8 65 (5.78%) Data Lake
9 61 (5.43%) Big Data
10 59 (5.25%) Azure SQL Database
11 52 (4.63%) PostgreSQL
12 51 (4.54%) MongoDB
13 48 (4.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 39 (3.47%) Cosmos DB
15 37 (3.29%) MySQL
16 34 (3.02%) Data Warehouse
16 34 (3.02%) Redis
16 34 (3.02%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 30 (2.67%) Relational Database
18 18 (1.60%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 229 (20.37%) Jenkins
2 194 (17.26%) Git (software)
3 63 (5.60%) Artifactory
4 59 (5.25%) JIRA
5 48 (4.27%) RStudio
6 44 (3.91%) GitLab
6 44 (3.91%) Maven
7 36 (3.20%) Bitbucket
8 33 (2.94%) Visual Studio Team System
9 32 (2.85%) CircleCI
10 30 (2.67%) Cucumber
11 27 (2.40%) TeamCity
12 25 (2.22%) Visual Studio
13 21 (1.87%) Gradle
14 20 (1.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 20 (1.78%) Octopus Deploy
15 19 (1.69%) Selenium
16 18 (1.60%) Mocha
17 14 (1.25%) Travis CI
18 13 (1.16%) GoCD
General
1 197 (17.53%) Finance
2 117 (10.41%) Front Office
3 56 (4.98%) Public Sector
4 37 (3.29%) Marketing
5 34 (3.02%) Banking
6 17 (1.51%) Retail
7 14 (1.25%) Games
8 13 (1.16%) Advertising
9 10 (0.89%) Telecoms
10 5 (0.44%) Electronics
10 5 (0.44%) Law
11 4 (0.36%) Local Government
11 4 (0.36%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.27%) Automotive
12 3 (0.27%) Back Office
12 3 (0.27%) Investment Banking
12 3 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
12 3 (0.27%) Publishing
13 1 (0.089%) Legal
13 1 (0.089%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 519 (46.17%) Developer
2 184 (16.37%) AWS Engineer
3 183 (16.28%) DevOps Engineer
4 130 (11.57%) Architect
5 120 (10.68%) AWS Developer
6 108 (9.61%) AWS DevOps
7 89 (7.92%) Python Developer
8 85 (7.56%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 82 (7.30%) Java Developer
10 69 (6.14%) Python Engineer
11 64 (5.69%) Azure Developer
12 63 (5.60%) Senior Developer
13 62 (5.52%) .NET Developer
13 62 (5.52%) Software Engineer
14 54 (4.80%) React Developer
15 52 (4.63%) Data Engineer
15 52 (4.63%) Solutions Architect
16 49 (4.36%) C# Developer
16 49 (4.36%) Lead Developer
17 46 (4.09%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 238 (21.17%) Node.js
2 206 (18.33%) Web Services
3 177 (15.75%) .NET
4 164 (14.59%) React
5 85 (7.56%) AngularJS
6 75 (6.67%) RESTful
7 73 (6.49%) REST
8 72 (6.41%) Kafka
9 61 (5.43%) .NET Core
10 55 (4.89%) J2EE
10 55 (4.89%) Vue.js
11 53 (4.72%) HTML
11 53 (4.72%) J2SE
12 50 (4.45%) CSS
12 50 (4.45%) GraphQL
13 48 (4.27%) ASP.NET
14 40 (3.56%) JSON
15 38 (3.38%) Redux
15 38 (3.38%) Spring
16 35 (3.11%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 87 (7.74%) Greenfield Project
2 84 (7.47%) Fixed Income
3 59 (5.25%) Cloud Native
4 58 (5.16%) Derivative
5 53 (4.72%) Equities
6 50 (4.45%) Enterprise Software
7 27 (2.40%) Public Cloud
8 22 (1.96%) Hedge funds
9 21 (1.87%) Analytical Skills
10 17 (1.51%) User Experience
11 13 (1.16%) Mobile App
12 11 (0.98%) Data Structures
13 10 (0.89%) Linux Command Line
13 10 (0.89%) PKI
14 9 (0.80%) Acoustics
14 9 (0.80%) Algorithms
15 8 (0.71%) Management Information System
15 8 (0.71%) Self-Motivation
16 7 (0.62%) Video\Live Streaming
17 6 (0.53%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 150 (13.35%) Linux
2 71 (6.32%) Windows
3 22 (1.96%) Unix
4 19 (1.69%) Android
5 18 (1.60%) Apple iOS
6 13 (1.16%) Windows Server
7 8 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.53%) Debian
9 5 (0.44%) CoreOS
9 5 (0.44%) Embedded Linux
9 5 (0.44%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.36%) CentOS
11 3 (0.27%) Windows Server 2016
12 2 (0.18%) Amazon Linux
12 2 (0.18%) VMS
13 1 (0.089%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 509 (45.28%) Agile Software Development
2 483 (42.97%) DevOps
3 245 (21.80%) Microservices
4 175 (15.57%) TDD
5 168 (14.95%) Software Engineering
6 158 (14.06%) Scrum
7 133 (11.83%) Continuous Integration
8 115 (10.23%) Infrastructure as Code
9 97 (8.63%) Asset Management
10 93 (8.27%) Deployment Automation
11 86 (7.65%) BDD
12 85 (7.56%) Kanban
13 83 (7.38%) Analytics
14 80 (7.12%) Decision-Making
14 80 (7.12%) Test Automation
15 78 (6.94%) Migration
16 75 (6.67%) Open Source
17 74 (6.58%) Continuous Deployment
18 58 (5.16%) Business Intelligence
19 55 (4.89%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 488 (43.42%) Python
2 317 (28.20%) Java
3 273 (24.29%) JavaScript
4 208 (18.51%) C#
5 185 (16.46%) SQL
6 68 (6.05%) TypeScript
7 67 (5.96%) R
8 66 (5.87%) Ruby
9 57 (5.07%) Scala
10 51 (4.54%) PowerShell
11 49 (4.36%) Bash Shell
11 49 (4.36%) Go
12 29 (2.58%) Groovy
12 29 (2.58%) PHP
13 28 (2.49%) Java 8
13 28 (2.49%) Shell Script
14 24 (2.14%) C++
15 15 (1.33%) ES6
15 15 (1.33%) Perl
16 12 (1.07%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 95 (8.45%) Security Cleared
2 66 (5.87%) SC Cleared
3 52 (4.63%) AWS Certification
4 24 (2.14%) BPSS Clearance
5 23 (2.05%) Degree
6 13 (1.16%) DV Cleared
7 11 (0.98%) Computer Science Degree
8 9 (0.80%) DBS Check
9 8 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
10 4 (0.36%) Numerate Degree
11 3 (0.27%) SANS
12 2 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
13 1 (0.089%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 1 (0.089%) ISEB
13 1 (0.089%) ISTQB
13 1 (0.089%) MCSA
13 1 (0.089%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (3.38%) QA
2 7 (0.62%) Data Quality
2 7 (0.62%) GDPR
3 3 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.18%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.089%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 1 (0.089%) NIST
5 1 (0.089%) PMO
5 1 (0.089%) WCAG
System Software
1 340 (30.25%) Docker
2 70 (6.23%) Active Directory
3 20 (1.78%) Virtual Machines
4 10 (0.89%) vSphere
5 5 (0.44%) Apache Flume
6 4 (0.36%) BusyBox
6 4 (0.36%) HDFS
7 2 (0.18%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.18%) LXC
7 2 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
8 1 (0.089%) NFS
8 1 (0.089%) Varnish
8 1 (0.089%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 281 (25.00%) Terraform
2 276 (24.56%) Kubernetes
3 118 (10.50%) Ansible
4 65 (5.78%) Puppet
5 50 (4.45%) Opscode Chef
6 18 (1.60%) Packer
7 9 (0.80%) Prometheus
8 7 (0.62%) Docker Swarm
8 7 (0.62%) HAProxy
9 6 (0.53%) logstash
10 5 (0.44%) Consul
10 5 (0.44%) Nagios
10 5 (0.44%) ZABBIX
11 3 (0.27%) Kibana
11 3 (0.27%) Rancher
11 3 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
12 2 (0.18%) BMC PATROL
12 2 (0.18%) collectd
12 2 (0.18%) Istio
12 2 (0.18%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 124 (11.03%) Microsoft
2 84 (7.47%) Google
3 34 (3.02%) Databricks
4 28 (2.49%) Informatica
4 28 (2.49%) Oracle
5 23 (2.05%) Salesforce.com
6 19 (1.69%) Sparx
7 17 (1.51%) SAP
8 16 (1.42%) IBM
8 16 (1.42%) Splunk
9 15 (1.33%) Tableau
10 14 (1.25%) Adobe
10 14 (1.25%) Atlassian
11 13 (1.16%) Facebook
12 10 (0.89%) IBM Sterling
12 10 (0.89%) Red Hat
13 9 (0.80%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
14 6 (0.53%) Talend
14 6 (0.53%) Teradata
15 5 (0.44%) Mercator