Period
to 12 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 12 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK > England
6 months to
12 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 105 151 272
Rank change year-on-year +46 +121 +262
Contract jobs citing Serverless 688 1,527 942
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.25% 1.84% 1.01%
As % of the Cloud Services category 7.19% 6.34% 4.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 581 1,064 723
Median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £400 £413 £400
90th Percentile £750 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 5 3
Median hourly rate £35.00 £72.50 £65.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -51.72% +11.54% -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £72.50 £65.00
% change year-on-year -51.72% +11.54% -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 9,568 24,068 20,972
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.26% 29.05% 22.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,413 16,576 14,517
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £313 £310 £308
90th Percentile £699 £660 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 210 354 296
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.98 £19.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.97% +24.56% -8.67%
10th Percentile £16.13 £13.25 £12.38
90th Percentile £51.83 £73.75 £74.38
Median hourly rate £35.00 £22.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year +59.09% +15.79% -

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the England region over the 6 months to 12 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +24 430 £550 - 94
North of England +58 91 £540 +16.76% 41
South East +59 79 £475 -5.00% 23
North West +27 53 £490 +5.95% 29
South West +39 35 £525 -4.55% 19
Yorkshire +73 24 £600 +26.32% 10
East of England +63 23 £475 -3.80% 11
Midlands +37 15 £500 +11.11% 18
North East +47 14 £900 +91.49% 2
West Midlands +38 13 £500 +11.11% 6
East Midlands +51 2 £678 +32.20% 12
Serverless
UK

For the 6 months to 12 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Serverless.

1 549 (79.80%) AWS
2 462 (67.15%) AWS Lambda
3 396 (57.56%) Python
4 348 (50.58%) DevOps
5 325 (47.24%) Agile Software Development
6 269 (39.10%) Java
7 265 (38.52%) Docker
8 258 (37.50%) Finance
9 247 (35.90%) Kubernetes
10 240 (34.88%) Azure
11 217 (31.54%) Jenkins
12 216 (31.40%) Terraform
12 216 (31.40%) Web Services
13 194 (28.20%) Software Engineering
14 190 (27.62%) Amazon S3
15 188 (27.33%) Microservices
16 182 (26.45%) Amazon EC2
17 175 (25.44%) JavaScript
18 172 (25.00%) Asset Management
19 169 (24.56%) SQL
20 161 (23.40%) Amazon ECS
21 156 (22.67%) Amazon Redshift
22 138 (20.06%) AWS CloudFormation
23 123 (17.88%) Amazon RDS
23 123 (17.88%) Node.js
24 121 (17.59%) Banking
25 120 (17.44%) React
26 114 (16.57%) Front Office
26 114 (16.57%) Git (software)
27 113 (16.42%) Azure Functions

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 68 (9.88%) Apache
2 27 (3.92%) Elasticsearch
3 21 (3.05%) Apache Spark
4 19 (2.76%) Confluence
5 8 (1.16%) Headless CMS
5 8 (1.16%) Jupyter
6 6 (0.87%) Apache Pig
7 4 (0.58%) Drupal
8 3 (0.44%) BizTalk Server
8 3 (0.44%) CMS
8 3 (0.44%) IIS
8 3 (0.44%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 2 (0.29%) nginx
10 1 (0.15%) Apache Airflow
10 1 (0.15%) OpenStack
10 1 (0.15%) OpenWhisk
10 1 (0.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.15%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.15%) WildFly
Applications
1 17 (2.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (1.31%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.87%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.15%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 8 (1.16%) Adobe Campaign
1 8 (1.16%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.73%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 2 (0.29%) Shopify
3 2 (0.29%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.15%) Actimize
4 1 (0.15%) FINCAD Analytics
4 1 (0.15%) SAP Business ByDesign
4 1 (0.15%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 549 (79.80%) AWS
2 462 (67.15%) AWS Lambda
3 240 (34.88%) Azure
4 190 (27.62%) Amazon S3
5 182 (26.45%) Amazon EC2
6 161 (23.40%) Amazon ECS
7 138 (20.06%) AWS CloudFormation
8 113 (16.42%) Azure Functions
9 108 (15.70%) GCP
10 103 (14.97%) Amazon SQS
11 92 (13.37%) OpenShift
12 66 (9.59%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 52 (7.56%) Apigee
14 49 (7.12%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 44 (6.40%) GitHub
16 39 (5.67%) Amazon Cognito
17 34 (4.94%) AWS Step Functions
18 33 (4.80%) PaaS
19 31 (4.51%) Amazon Kinesis
20 27 (3.92%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 28 (4.07%) DNS
2 14 (2.03%) HTTP
3 9 (1.31%) VPN
4 7 (1.02%) Network Security
4 7 (1.02%) TCP/IP
5 6 (0.87%) Firewall
6 4 (0.58%) Internet
6 4 (0.58%) OpenVPN
7 3 (0.44%) MQTT
8 2 (0.29%) Intrusion Detection
8 2 (0.29%) SMS
8 2 (0.29%) SSL
9 1 (0.15%) 3GPP
9 1 (0.15%) Broadband
9 1 (0.15%) CDMA
9 1 (0.15%) FTP
9 1 (0.15%) GSM
9 1 (0.15%) LAN
9 1 (0.15%) UMTS
9 1 (0.15%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 156 (22.67%) Amazon Redshift
2 123 (17.88%) Amazon RDS
3 98 (14.24%) PostgreSQL
4 90 (13.08%) SQL Server
5 86 (12.50%) MySQL
6 84 (12.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 53 (7.70%) Data Warehouse
8 49 (7.12%) NoSQL
9 32 (4.65%) Big Data
10 30 (4.36%) Relational Database
11 28 (4.07%) MongoDB
12 27 (3.92%) Azure SQL Database
12 27 (3.92%) Cosmos DB
13 26 (3.78%) Data Lake
14 19 (2.76%) Amazon Athena
15 18 (2.62%) RDBMS
16 17 (2.47%) Amazon Aurora
17 16 (2.33%) Spotfire
18 12 (1.74%) Power BI
18 12 (1.74%) Redis
Development Applications
1 217 (31.54%) Jenkins
2 114 (16.57%) Git (software)
3 111 (16.13%) Artifactory
4 86 (12.50%) GitLab
5 44 (6.40%) RStudio
6 30 (4.36%) JIRA
7 22 (3.20%) Bitbucket
8 19 (2.76%) Visual Studio Team System
9 18 (2.62%) TeamCity
10 16 (2.33%) Maven
11 15 (2.18%) JUnit
12 14 (2.03%) CircleCI
13 13 (1.89%) Gradle
13 13 (1.89%) SonarQube
14 12 (1.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 11 (1.60%) Cucumber
16 10 (1.45%) Bitbucket Server
16 10 (1.45%) GoCD
16 10 (1.45%) Travis CI
17 8 (1.16%) Selenium
General
1 258 (37.50%) Finance
2 121 (17.59%) Banking
3 114 (16.57%) Front Office
4 31 (4.51%) Back Office
5 28 (4.07%) Public Sector
6 22 (3.20%) Investment Banking
7 17 (2.47%) Marketing
8 12 (1.74%) Retail
9 10 (1.45%) Games
10 6 (0.87%) Advertising
10 6 (0.87%) Telecoms
11 4 (0.58%) Law
11 4 (0.58%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.29%) Electronics
12 2 (0.29%) Publishing
13 1 (0.15%) Automotive
13 1 (0.15%) Corporate Banking
13 1 (0.15%) Financial Institution
13 1 (0.15%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 294 (42.73%) Developer
2 143 (20.78%) AWS Engineer
3 101 (14.68%) Architect
4 96 (13.95%) DevOps Engineer
5 87 (12.65%) AWS Developer
6 81 (11.77%) Software Engineer
7 75 (10.90%) Java Developer
8 74 (10.76%) AWS DevOps
9 63 (9.16%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 59 (8.58%) Python Developer
11 57 (8.28%) Python Engineer
12 56 (8.14%) Java Software Developer
13 55 (7.99%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 52 (7.56%) Java Engineer
15 44 (6.40%) Solutions Architect
16 41 (5.96%) AWS Architect
16 41 (5.96%) JavaScript Developer
17 39 (5.67%) React Developer
18 38 (5.52%) Lead Developer
19 36 (5.23%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 216 (31.40%) Web Services
2 123 (17.88%) Node.js
3 120 (17.44%) React
4 82 (11.92%) .NET
5 69 (10.03%) AngularJS
6 64 (9.30%) gRPC
7 60 (8.72%) Swagger
8 59 (8.58%) OAuth
9 54 (7.85%) J2EE
9 54 (7.85%) J2SE
10 49 (7.12%) REST
11 46 (6.69%) GraphQL
12 42 (6.10%) Kafka
13 39 (5.67%) Vue.js
14 38 (5.52%) CSS
15 37 (5.38%) HTML
16 36 (5.23%) RESTful
17 32 (4.65%) .NET Core
18 23 (3.34%) .NET Framework
19 19 (2.76%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 100 (14.53%) Fixed Income
2 99 (14.39%) Hedge funds
3 86 (12.50%) Derivative
4 83 (12.06%) Equities
5 63 (9.16%) Greenfield Project
6 56 (8.14%) Cloud Native
7 21 (3.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 16 (2.33%) Mobile App
9 14 (2.03%) Management Information System
10 12 (1.74%) Public Cloud
11 11 (1.60%) Analytical Skills
12 9 (1.31%) Enterprise Software
13 8 (1.16%) Acoustics
13 8 (1.16%) Data Structures
13 8 (1.16%) User Experience
14 7 (1.02%) Blog
15 6 (0.87%) Algorithms
15 6 (0.87%) Data Centre
15 6 (0.87%) Private Cloud
16 4 (0.58%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 79 (11.48%) Linux
2 29 (4.22%) Windows
3 20 (2.91%) Unix
4 10 (1.45%) Apple iOS
5 9 (1.31%) Android
5 9 (1.31%) Debian
6 8 (1.16%) CentOS
7 7 (1.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (1.02%) Windows Server
8 6 (0.87%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.15%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 348 (50.58%) DevOps
2 325 (47.24%) Agile Software Development
3 194 (28.20%) Software Engineering
4 188 (27.33%) Microservices
5 172 (25.00%) Asset Management
6 95 (13.81%) Infrastructure as Code
7 93 (13.52%) Investment Management
8 92 (13.37%) TDD
9 90 (13.08%) Deployment Automation
10 83 (12.06%) Continuous Integration
11 79 (11.48%) Decision-Making
12 70 (10.17%) Mentoring
13 61 (8.87%) Scrum
14 52 (7.56%) Open Source
15 50 (7.27%) Analytics
16 49 (7.12%) Infrastructure Automation
16 49 (7.12%) Test Automation
17 45 (6.54%) BDD
18 39 (5.67%) Migration
19 36 (5.23%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 396 (57.56%) Python
2 269 (39.10%) Java
3 175 (25.44%) JavaScript
4 169 (24.56%) SQL
5 112 (16.28%) C#
6 47 (6.83%) R
7 43 (6.25%) TypeScript
8 42 (6.10%) Go
9 38 (5.52%) Bash Shell
10 27 (3.92%) Ruby
10 27 (3.92%) Scala
11 25 (3.63%) Kotlin
12 23 (3.34%) Java 8
13 22 (3.20%) PowerShell
14 19 (2.76%) C++
15 17 (2.47%) T-SQL
16 16 (2.33%) VBA
17 15 (2.18%) Groovy
18 11 (1.60%) Perl
19 9 (1.31%) PHP
Qualifications
1 47 (6.83%) Security Cleared
2 28 (4.07%) SC Cleared
3 27 (3.92%) AWS Certification
4 20 (2.91%) Degree
5 18 (2.62%) Sun Certification
6 14 (2.03%) DV Cleared
7 8 (1.16%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.87%) CISA
8 6 (0.87%) CISM
8 6 (0.87%) CISSP
8 6 (0.87%) CLAS
8 6 (0.87%) Computer Science Degree
8 6 (0.87%) GIAC
9 3 (0.44%) TOGAF Certification
10 1 (0.15%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.15%) ISEB
10 1 (0.15%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.15%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (3.49%) QA
2 9 (1.31%) PCI DSS
3 8 (1.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 6 (0.87%) COBIT
4 6 (0.87%) GDPR
4 6 (0.87%) HMG Security Policy Framework
4 6 (0.87%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.29%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 1 (0.15%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.15%) NCSC
6 1 (0.15%) NIST
6 1 (0.15%) PMO
6 1 (0.15%) WCAG
System Software
1 265 (38.52%) Docker
2 15 (2.18%) Active Directory
3 7 (1.02%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.29%) BusyBox
5 2 (0.29%) HDFS
6 1 (0.15%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
6 1 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 247 (35.90%) Kubernetes
2 216 (31.40%) Terraform
3 65 (9.45%) Ansible
4 33 (4.80%) Puppet
5 25 (3.63%) Opscode Chef
6 20 (2.91%) Packer
7 11 (1.60%) Consul
8 7 (1.02%) Prometheus
9 5 (0.73%) Grafana
9 5 (0.73%) Istio
10 4 (0.58%) Single Sign-On
11 3 (0.44%) Graphite
11 3 (0.44%) Kibana
11 3 (0.44%) logstash
12 2 (0.29%) HP ALM
12 2 (0.29%) Nagios
13 1 (0.15%) Data Guard
13 1 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
13 1 (0.15%) HAProxy
13 1 (0.15%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 108 (15.70%) Google
2 59 (8.58%) Oracle
3 56 (8.14%) Microsoft
4 20 (2.91%) Databricks
5 18 (2.62%) Salesforce.com
6 16 (2.33%) SAP
7 12 (1.74%) Informatica
8 10 (1.45%) Adobe
9 8 (1.16%) Atlassian
9 8 (1.16%) Cloudera
9 8 (1.16%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
9 8 (1.16%) Tableau
10 7 (1.02%) MuleSoft
10 7 (1.02%) Red Hat
11 4 (0.58%) Facebook
12 3 (0.44%) Bloomberg
12 3 (0.44%) Splunk
12 3 (0.44%) VMware
13 2 (0.29%) MicroStrategy
13 2 (0.29%) TOWER Software