Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 22 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK > England
6 months to
22 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 98 71 134
Rank change year-on-year -27 +63 +40
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,837 1,522 843
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.61% 3.27% 1.95%
As % of the Cloud Services category 7.35% 9.35% 6.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,315 1,163 673
10th Percentile £425 £413 £415
25th Percentile £500 £463 £481
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% -4.55% +2.56%
75th Percentile £688 £640 £638
90th Percentile £775 £713 £738
UK median daily rate £575 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +9.52% -4.55% +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 3 1
10th Percentile £53.50 £31.20 -
25th Percentile £59.94 £43.88 -
Median hourly rate £72.50 £65.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +11.54% +44.44% +328.57%
75th Percentile £77.50 £65.75 -
90th Percentile £79.25 £66.20 -
UK median hourly rate £72.50 £41.25 £45.00
% change year-on-year +75.76% -8.33% +48.76%

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,998 16,283 13,481
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.50% 35.03% 31.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,386 11,739 9,603
10th Percentile £325 £315 £300
25th Percentile £439 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £600
90th Percentile £750 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 331 271 206
10th Percentile £13.88 £11.25 £12.56
25th Percentile £15.25 £14.13 £16.50
Median hourly rate £21.50 £21.05 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year +2.14% +5.25% +2.56%
75th Percentile £48.75 £42.50 £36.06
90th Percentile £75.00 £63.75 £54.00
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £22.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year - +10.00% +5.26%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 22 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 22 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the England region over the 6 months to 22 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -18 1,255 £600 +13.74% 208
North of England -11 148 £550 +15.79% 71
North West -7 119 £550 +10.00% 50
South East -27 115 £525 +5.00% 33
Midlands -13 65 £500 +11.11% 27
South West -22 55 £550 +22.22% 30
West Midlands -32 41 £500 +1.01% 22
East of England -20 31 £493 +3.68% 20
Yorkshire -39 26 £575 +31.43% 14
East Midlands -6 24 £500 +17.65% 5
North East -16 4 £468 -18.70% 7
Serverless
UK

For the 6 months to 22 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Serverless.

1 1,294 (70.44%) AWS
2 1,000 (54.44%) AWS Lambda
3 841 (45.78%) DevOps
4 755 (41.10%) CI/CD
5 719 (39.14%) Agile
6 662 (36.04%) Python
7 659 (35.87%) Azure
8 598 (32.55%) Terraform
9 535 (29.12%) Microservices
10 462 (25.15%) Docker
11 435 (23.68%) Kubernetes
12 407 (22.16%) Java
13 366 (19.92%) Software Engineering
14 362 (19.71%) Infrastructure as Code
15 359 (19.54%) JavaScript
16 348 (18.94%) Azure Functions
17 332 (18.07%) SQL
18 327 (17.80%) Finance
19 323 (17.58%) Amazon S3
20 320 (17.42%) .NET
21 313 (17.04%) Node.js
22 311 (16.93%) AWS CloudFormation
23 305 (16.60%) React
24 291 (15.84%) C#
25 268 (14.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
26 263 (14.32%) Git (software)
27 254 (13.83%) Full Stack Development
28 236 (12.85%) Amazon EC2
29 234 (12.74%) Social Skills
30 233 (12.68%) Jenkins

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (4.25%) Apache Spark
2 71 (3.86%) Confluence
3 59 (3.21%) Elasticsearch
4 50 (2.72%) Apache
5 30 (1.63%) Apache Airflow
6 23 (1.25%) BizTalk Server
7 20 (1.09%) IIS
8 18 (0.98%) nginx
9 14 (0.76%) Jupyter
9 14 (0.76%) SharePoint
10 12 (0.65%) Camunda
10 12 (0.65%) OpenStack
11 11 (0.60%) CMS
12 10 (0.54%) Ethereum
13 8 (0.44%) Apache Solr
13 8 (0.44%) GeoServer
13 8 (0.44%) NServiceBus
14 6 (0.33%) ArcGIS
14 6 (0.33%) Luigi
15 5 (0.27%) FileNet
Applications
1 10 (0.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.38%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.054%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.054%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.054%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 8 (0.44%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.38%) Shopify
3 6 (0.33%) Sentinel
4 5 (0.27%) Primavera
4 5 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
5 4 (0.22%) Carpe Diem
5 4 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
5 4 (0.22%) Elite 3E
5 4 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 4 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 2 (0.11%) Cloudability
6 2 (0.11%) Magento
6 2 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.11%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.054%) SAP IBP
7 1 (0.054%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,294 (70.44%) AWS
2 1,000 (54.44%) AWS Lambda
3 659 (35.87%) Azure
4 348 (18.94%) Azure Functions
5 323 (17.58%) Amazon S3
6 311 (16.93%) AWS CloudFormation
7 236 (12.85%) Amazon EC2
8 211 (11.49%) GitHub
9 203 (11.05%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 173 (9.42%) PaaS
11 170 (9.25%) Amazon ECS
12 163 (8.87%) Amazon SQS
13 143 (7.78%) Azure Logic Apps
14 129 (7.02%) GCP
15 126 (6.86%) IaaS
16 123 (6.70%) Azure Service Bus
17 108 (5.88%) AWS Fargate
18 100 (5.44%) SaaS
19 98 (5.33%) Amazon Kinesis
19 98 (5.33%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 25 (1.36%) Firewall
2 23 (1.25%) DNS
3 21 (1.14%) HTTP
4 14 (0.76%) HTTPS
5 11 (0.60%) VPN
6 9 (0.49%) Network Security
7 6 (0.33%) Internet
8 5 (0.27%) TCP/IP
9 4 (0.22%) FTP
9 4 (0.22%) SSH
10 3 (0.16%) DHCP
10 3 (0.16%) IPsec
10 3 (0.16%) SSL
11 2 (0.11%) Cisco IPT
11 2 (0.11%) Intranet
11 2 (0.11%) RTSP
11 2 (0.11%) tcpdump
11 2 (0.11%) Wireshark
12 1 (0.054%) GLBP
12 1 (0.054%) HSRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 268 (14.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 172 (9.36%) NoSQL
3 138 (7.51%) Amazon RDS
4 124 (6.75%) Big Data
5 118 (6.42%) PostgreSQL
6 107 (5.82%) Data Lake
7 102 (5.55%) Data Warehouse
8 95 (5.17%) SQL Server
9 86 (4.68%) Amazon Redshift
10 84 (4.57%) MongoDB
11 82 (4.46%) Relational Database
12 75 (4.08%) Azure SQL Database
13 72 (3.92%) Power BI
14 58 (3.16%) MySQL
15 55 (2.99%) Amazon Athena
16 38 (2.07%) RDBMS
16 38 (2.07%) Redis
17 37 (2.01%) Apache Cassandra
18 36 (1.96%) Amazon Aurora
19 24 (1.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 263 (14.32%) Git (software)
2 233 (12.68%) Jenkins
3 143 (7.78%) JIRA
4 111 (6.04%) GitLab
5 44 (2.40%) Artifactory
6 41 (2.23%) Bitbucket
6 41 (2.23%) Maven
7 34 (1.85%) CircleCI
8 32 (1.74%) Cypress.io
9 30 (1.63%) Gradle
9 30 (1.63%) kappa
10 28 (1.52%) Cucumber
10 28 (1.52%) JUnit
11 26 (1.42%) Selenium
11 26 (1.42%) SonarQube
12 25 (1.36%) Postman
13 24 (1.31%) git-flow
14 22 (1.20%) TeamCity
15 21 (1.14%) PowerDesigner
16 16 (0.87%) Visual Studio
General
1 327 (17.80%) Finance
2 234 (12.74%) Social Skills
3 93 (5.06%) Public Sector
4 78 (4.25%) Analytical Skills
5 68 (3.70%) Banking
6 55 (2.99%) Legal
7 51 (2.78%) Retail
8 41 (2.23%) Financial Institution
8 41 (2.23%) Front Office
9 23 (1.25%) Law
10 22 (1.20%) Presentation Skills
11 18 (0.98%) Investment Banking
12 16 (0.87%) Influencing Skills
13 13 (0.71%) Telecoms
14 11 (0.60%) Documentation Skills
15 10 (0.54%) Organisational Skills
16 7 (0.38%) Retail Banking
17 6 (0.33%) General Ledger
17 6 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
17 6 (0.33%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 536 (29.18%) Developer
2 377 (20.52%) AWS Engineer
3 268 (14.59%) DevOps Engineer
4 241 (13.12%) Architect
5 175 (9.53%) AWS DevOps
6 173 (9.42%) Software Engineer
7 153 (8.33%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 125 (6.80%) Data Engineer
9 112 (6.10%) AWS Developer
10 99 (5.39%) Java Developer
11 98 (5.33%) Azure Engineer
11 98 (5.33%) Solutions Architect
12 97 (5.28%) Cloud Engineer
13 94 (5.12%) .NET Developer
14 82 (4.46%) AWS Software Engineer
15 81 (4.41%) Full Stack Developer
16 75 (4.08%) Python Developer
17 68 (3.70%) AWS Architect
18 63 (3.43%) Azure Developer
19 58 (3.16%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 320 (17.42%) .NET
2 313 (17.04%) Node.js
3 305 (16.60%) React
4 208 (11.32%) Kafka
5 157 (8.55%) REST
6 85 (4.63%) Spring
7 84 (4.57%) GraphQL
8 83 (4.52%) AngularJS
9 79 (4.30%) HTML
10 78 (4.25%) JSON
11 76 (4.14%) CSS
12 73 (3.97%) .NET Core
13 70 (3.81%) Spring Boot
14 66 (3.59%) RESTful
15 61 (3.32%) ARM Templates
16 59 (3.21%) .NET Framework
17 51 (2.78%) Vue.js
18 50 (2.72%) Elastic Stack
18 50 (2.72%) YAML
19 49 (2.67%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 152 (8.27%) Cloud Native
2 133 (7.24%) Greenfield Project
3 75 (4.08%) Public Cloud
4 66 (3.59%) Hedge funds
5 61 (3.32%) Data Protection Act
6 47 (2.56%) Data Structures
7 46 (2.50%) Hybrid Cloud
8 39 (2.12%) Legacy Systems
8 39 (2.12%) Virtual Team
9 36 (1.96%) iPad
10 33 (1.80%) Linux Command Line
11 31 (1.69%) Algorithms
11 31 (1.69%) Mobile App
11 31 (1.69%) User Experience
12 29 (1.58%) Self-Motivation
13 27 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
14 18 (0.98%) Data Centre
14 18 (0.98%) Management Information System
15 14 (0.76%) Blockchain
15 14 (0.76%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 218 (11.87%) Linux
2 98 (5.33%) Windows
3 23 (1.25%) Unix
4 11 (0.60%) Android
4 11 (0.60%) Apple iOS
5 10 (0.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (0.33%) Ubuntu
7 5 (0.27%) CentOS
8 3 (0.16%) Debian
8 3 (0.16%) Windows 10
8 3 (0.16%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.11%) Alpine Linux
9 2 (0.11%) Amazon Linux
9 2 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.054%) Kali Linux
10 1 (0.054%) VMS
10 1 (0.054%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.054%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 841 (45.78%) DevOps
2 755 (41.10%) CI/CD
3 719 (39.14%) Agile
4 535 (29.12%) Microservices
5 366 (19.92%) Software Engineering
6 362 (19.71%) Infrastructure as Code
7 254 (13.83%) Full Stack Development
8 223 (12.14%) Test Automation
9 179 (9.74%) Scrum
10 160 (8.71%) Analytics
10 160 (8.71%) Continuous Integration
11 157 (8.55%) TDD
12 137 (7.46%) Migration
13 133 (7.24%) Event-Driven
14 121 (6.59%) Data Protection
14 121 (6.59%) SDLC
15 113 (6.15%) E-Commerce
16 98 (5.33%) Data Science
17 95 (5.17%) Data Engineering
18 94 (5.12%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 662 (36.04%) Python
2 407 (22.16%) Java
3 359 (19.54%) JavaScript
4 332 (18.07%) SQL
5 291 (15.84%) C#
6 231 (12.57%) TypeScript
7 134 (7.29%) PowerShell
8 131 (7.13%) Bash
9 72 (3.92%) Go
10 63 (3.43%) Scala
11 48 (2.61%) Ruby
12 42 (2.29%) T-SQL
13 35 (1.91%) C++
14 26 (1.42%) C
15 24 (1.31%) ES6
15 24 (1.31%) Shell Script
16 22 (1.20%) PL/SQL
17 21 (1.14%) Groovy
17 21 (1.14%) PHP
18 16 (0.87%) R
Qualifications
1 196 (10.67%) Security Cleared
2 168 (9.15%) SC Cleared
3 104 (5.66%) AWS Certification
4 67 (3.65%) Degree
5 32 (1.74%) Computer Science Degree
6 23 (1.25%) BPSS Clearance
7 17 (0.93%) DV Cleared
8 14 (0.76%) FFIEC
9 13 (0.71%) PMP
10 11 (0.60%) CISSP
11 8 (0.44%) PMI Certification
12 6 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
13 5 (0.27%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 5 (0.27%) Cisco Certification
14 4 (0.22%) CISM
14 4 (0.22%) Master's Degree
15 3 (0.16%) DBS Check
15 3 (0.16%) Numerate Degree
15 3 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
16 2 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 73 (3.97%) QA
2 50 (2.72%) GDPR
3 43 (2.34%) Data Quality
4 29 (1.58%) Accessibility
5 20 (1.09%) PCI DSS
6 16 (0.87%) NIST
7 14 (0.76%) GLBA
8 3 (0.16%) WCAG
9 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.11%) MiFID
9 2 (0.11%) NIST 800
10 1 (0.054%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.054%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 1 (0.054%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.054%) HL7
10 1 (0.054%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 1 (0.054%) PMO
10 1 (0.054%) SLA
10 1 (0.054%) SOC 2
System Software
1 462 (25.15%) Docker
2 33 (1.80%) Active Directory
3 13 (0.71%) Virtual Machines
4 9 (0.49%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.16%) Apache Flume
5 3 (0.16%) Squid
6 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Virtual Server
6 2 (0.11%) Snort
6 2 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.054%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.054%) NFS
7 1 (0.054%) OpenDJ
7 1 (0.054%) pfSense
7 1 (0.054%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.054%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 598 (32.55%) Terraform
2 435 (23.68%) Kubernetes
3 134 (7.29%) Ansible
4 40 (2.18%) Packer
5 29 (1.58%) Puppet
6 26 (1.42%) Grafana
7 23 (1.25%) Opscode Chef
8 21 (1.14%) Kibana
9 17 (0.93%) Prometheus
10 10 (0.54%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 9 (0.49%) Consul
12 8 (0.44%) Single Sign-On
13 7 (0.38%) logstash
14 5 (0.27%) Istio
14 5 (0.27%) Pingdom
15 4 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
15 4 (0.22%) Nagios
16 3 (0.16%) HAProxy
16 3 (0.16%) Microsoft Intune
16 3 (0.16%) Rancher
Vendors
1 184 (10.02%) Microsoft
2 98 (5.33%) Databricks
3 66 (3.59%) Oracle
4 44 (2.40%) Google
5 42 (2.29%) SAP
6 30 (1.63%) MuleSoft
7 27 (1.47%) ServiceNow
8 25 (1.36%) BiZZdesign
9 21 (1.14%) Red Hat
10 19 (1.03%) IBM
10 19 (1.03%) Splunk
11 17 (0.93%) Atlassian
12 15 (0.82%) ESRI
12 15 (0.82%) Pega
13 14 (0.76%) Cloudera
13 14 (0.76%) Salesforce.com
13 14 (0.76%) VMware
14 13 (0.71%) Confluent
14 13 (0.71%) hybris
14 13 (0.71%) WSO2