Period
to 19 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 19 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK > England
6 months to
19 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 238 464 760
Rank change year-on-year +226 +296 +81
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,090 441 115
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.15% 0.47% 0.12%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.89% 2.83% 0.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 816 350 86
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +14.29%
10th Percentile £413 £406 £425
90th Percentile £675 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
England median hourly rate £75.00 - -
UK median hourly rate £58.75 - -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 22,297 15,557 11,790
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 23.61% 16.68% 12.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,584 10,873 8,125
England median daily rate £497 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.58% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £306 £275 £281
90th Percentile £650 £625 £605
UK median daily rate £488 £470 £450
% change year-on-year +3.72% +4.44% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 297 199 168
England median hourly rate £17.50 £20.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +5.26% -12.20%
10th Percentile £11.27 £10.99 £12.18
90th Percentile £60.00 £60.00 £56.79
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £19.00 £18.55
% change year-on-year -7.89% +2.45% -14.30%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Serverless as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Serverless in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 19 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the England region over the 6 months to 19 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +197 730 £550 +4.76% 179
South East +80 194 £513 +7.89% 37
North of England +50 101 £500 +17.65% 36
Yorkshire +66 80 £525 +16.67% 14
Midlands +9 31 £425 -13.92% 16
West Midlands 0 22 £450 - 7
South West -44 17 £450 +2.86% 12
North West -29 16 £450 +8.43% 18
East of England +5 12 £510 +2.00% 13
East Midlands +11 9 £394 -18.18% 9
North East -3 5 £475 - 4
Serverless
UK

For the 6 months to 19 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Serverless.

1 820 (75.23%) Amazon AWS
2 671 (61.56%) AWS Lambda
3 450 (41.28%) Agile Software Development
4 387 (35.50%) JavaScript
5 373 (34.22%) DevOps
6 351 (32.20%) Python
7 325 (29.82%) Node.js
8 315 (28.90%) Docker
9 298 (27.34%) Java
10 297 (27.25%) Amazon EC2
11 288 (26.42%) Amazon S3
12 273 (25.05%) Microsoft Azure
13 246 (22.57%) Terraform
14 236 (21.65%) TDD
15 234 (21.47%) Jenkins
16 218 (20.00%) Microservices
17 204 (18.72%) Ansible
18 203 (18.62%) Git (software)
19 199 (18.26%) AWS CloudFormation
20 190 (17.43%) HTML
21 178 (16.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
22 176 (16.15%) Linux
23 163 (14.95%) AngularJS
24 162 (14.86%) Web Services
25 160 (14.68%) Amazon RDS
26 159 (14.59%) .NET
27 157 (14.40%) React
28 153 (14.04%) Opscode Chef
28 153 (14.04%) Software Engineering
29 151 (13.85%) Virtual Private Cloud

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (8.07%) Elasticsearch
2 61 (5.60%) Confluence
3 21 (1.93%) Apache
3 21 (1.93%) Apache Spark
3 21 (1.93%) SharePoint
4 20 (1.83%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 15 (1.38%) CMS
6 12 (1.10%) SharePoint 2010
7 11 (1.01%) Apache Solr
7 11 (1.01%) Gunicorn
8 8 (0.73%) Tomcat
9 7 (0.64%) IIS
10 6 (0.55%) OpenStack
10 6 (0.55%) SAS
11 4 (0.37%) Apache Pig
11 4 (0.37%) BizTalk Server
12 3 (0.28%) Cloud Foundry
12 3 (0.28%) Jupyter
12 3 (0.28%) Sitecore CMS
12 3 (0.28%) WebLogic
Applications
1 16 (1.47%) InfoPath
2 2 (0.18%) InVision
3 1 (0.092%) HipChat
3 1 (0.092%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.092%) Shockwave
Business Applications
1 7 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.37%) Magento
3 3 (0.28%) thinkFolio
4 2 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
Cloud Services
1 820 (75.23%) Amazon AWS
2 671 (61.56%) AWS Lambda
3 297 (27.25%) Amazon EC2
4 288 (26.42%) Amazon S3
5 273 (25.05%) Microsoft Azure
6 199 (18.26%) AWS CloudFormation
7 151 (13.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 150 (13.76%) Azure Functions
9 125 (11.47%) Amazon SQS
10 94 (8.62%) Amazon Kinesis
11 93 (8.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 70 (6.42%) PaaS
13 63 (5.78%) Route 53
14 58 (5.32%) Amazon ELB
15 55 (5.05%) CloudFront
16 54 (4.95%) Google Cloud Platform
17 52 (4.77%) Amazon EMR
18 51 (4.68%) GitHub
19 46 (4.22%) SaaS
20 41 (3.76%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 57 (5.23%) Firewall
2 49 (4.50%) TCP/IP
3 45 (4.13%) DNS
4 25 (2.29%) VPN
5 19 (1.74%) HTTP
6 13 (1.19%) ICMP
7 9 (0.83%) MQTT
7 9 (0.83%) SSL
8 7 (0.64%) Internet
9 4 (0.37%) Cisco ASA
9 4 (0.37%) LAN
9 4 (0.37%) SSH
9 4 (0.37%) WAN
10 2 (0.18%) DHCP
10 2 (0.18%) Extranet
10 2 (0.18%) Network Security
10 2 (0.18%) VLAN
11 1 (0.092%) BGP
11 1 (0.092%) MPLS
11 1 (0.092%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 178 (16.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 160 (14.68%) Amazon RDS
3 117 (10.73%) MySQL
4 90 (8.26%) PostgreSQL
5 75 (6.88%) MongoDB
6 73 (6.70%) NoSQL
7 70 (6.42%) Relational Database
7 70 (6.42%) SQL Server
8 58 (5.32%) Redis
9 55 (5.05%) Data Lake
10 54 (4.95%) Cosmos DB
11 52 (4.77%) Big Data
12 44 (4.04%) Amazon Redshift
13 34 (3.12%) Azure SQL Database
13 34 (3.12%) Hadoop
14 31 (2.84%) Data Warehouse
15 28 (2.57%) Couchbase
16 26 (2.39%) Amazon Aurora
17 19 (1.74%) Apache Hive
17 19 (1.74%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 234 (21.47%) Jenkins
2 203 (18.62%) Git (software)
3 84 (7.71%) JIRA
4 71 (6.51%) Mocha
5 67 (6.15%) Visual Studio Team System
6 56 (5.14%) Selenium
7 45 (4.13%) webpack
8 42 (3.85%) Maven
9 40 (3.67%) Gatling
10 34 (3.12%) GitLab
10 34 (3.12%) Team Foundation Server
11 24 (2.20%) Octopus Deploy
11 24 (2.20%) TeamCity
12 23 (2.11%) Gradle
13 21 (1.93%) IntelliJ
13 21 (1.93%) Mercurial
14 20 (1.83%) Jasmine
15 19 (1.74%) Cucumber
16 18 (1.65%) JUnit
17 17 (1.56%) Eclipse
General
1 146 (13.39%) Finance
2 100 (9.17%) Retail
3 56 (5.14%) Banking
4 22 (2.02%) Law
5 21 (1.93%) Marketing
6 8 (0.73%) Back Office
6 8 (0.73%) Legal
7 7 (0.64%) Publishing
8 6 (0.55%) Billing
8 6 (0.55%) Games
8 6 (0.55%) Telecoms
9 4 (0.37%) Advertising
9 4 (0.37%) Front Office
10 3 (0.28%) Automotive
10 3 (0.28%) Manufacturing
11 2 (0.18%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.092%) Electronics
12 1 (0.092%) Investment Banking
12 1 (0.092%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 490 (44.95%) Developer
2 221 (20.28%) DevOps Engineer
3 200 (18.35%) AWS Engineer
4 145 (13.30%) AWS DevOps
5 135 (12.39%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 101 (9.27%) Architect
7 94 (8.62%) AWS Developer
8 80 (7.34%) JavaScript Developer
9 79 (7.25%) Node.js Developer
10 78 (7.16%) React Developer
11 73 (6.70%) .NET Developer
11 73 (6.70%) Full Stack Developer
12 68 (6.24%) Software Engineer
13 63 (5.78%) Senior Developer
14 55 (5.05%) AWS Architect
15 54 (4.95%) Cloud Engineer
16 52 (4.77%) C# Developer
16 52 (4.77%) Java Developer
17 49 (4.50%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 47 (4.31%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 325 (29.82%) Node.js
2 190 (17.43%) HTML
3 163 (14.95%) AngularJS
4 162 (14.86%) Web Services
5 159 (14.59%) .NET
6 157 (14.40%) React
7 150 (13.76%) CSS
8 144 (13.21%) REST
9 107 (9.82%) HTML5
10 98 (8.99%) Redux
11 90 (8.26%) RESTful
12 77 (7.06%) jQuery
13 76 (6.97%) JSON
14 68 (6.24%) Jest
15 64 (5.87%) .NET Core
16 57 (5.23%) Express
17 56 (5.14%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 55 (5.05%) Spring
19 54 (4.95%) Chai
20 52 (4.77%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 96 (8.81%) Greenfield Project
2 62 (5.69%) User Experience
3 55 (5.05%) Cloud Native
4 49 (4.50%) Computer Science
5 43 (3.94%) Fintech
6 42 (3.85%) Public Cloud
7 23 (2.11%) Analytical Skills
8 21 (1.93%) Mobile App
9 18 (1.65%) Data Centre
10 16 (1.47%) PKI
11 15 (1.38%) Enterprise Software
11 15 (1.38%) Self-Motivation
12 13 (1.19%) Hybrid Cloud
12 13 (1.19%) Linux Command Line
13 8 (0.73%) Virtual Team
14 7 (0.64%) Algorithms
15 6 (0.55%) Internet of Things
15 6 (0.55%) Robotics
15 6 (0.55%) Tandem
16 5 (0.46%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 176 (16.15%) Linux
2 45 (4.13%) Windows
3 38 (3.49%) Unix
4 16 (1.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 13 (1.19%) Android
6 12 (1.10%) VMS
7 11 (1.01%) Windows Server 2012
8 9 (0.83%) CentOS
8 9 (0.83%) Ubuntu
9 8 (0.73%) Apple iOS
10 7 (0.64%) Amazon Linux
11 3 (0.28%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.092%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.092%) Solaris
12 1 (0.092%) Windows Server 2003
12 1 (0.092%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 450 (41.28%) Agile Software Development
2 373 (34.22%) DevOps
3 236 (21.65%) TDD
4 218 (20.00%) Microservices
5 153 (14.04%) Software Engineering
6 149 (13.67%) Scrum
7 120 (11.01%) BDD
8 113 (10.37%) OO
9 111 (10.18%) Configuration Management
10 109 (10.00%) Continuous Integration
10 109 (10.00%) Test Automation
11 103 (9.45%) MVC
12 101 (9.27%) Unit Testing
13 100 (9.17%) Migration
14 83 (7.61%) SOA
15 77 (7.06%) E-Commerce
16 61 (5.60%) Auto-Scaling
17 57 (5.23%) SDLC
18 56 (5.14%) Continuous Delivery
19 54 (4.95%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 387 (35.50%) JavaScript
2 351 (32.20%) Python
3 298 (27.34%) Java
4 147 (13.49%) C#
5 131 (12.02%) SQL
6 105 (9.63%) ES6
7 86 (7.89%) TypeScript
8 82 (7.52%) Bash Shell
9 71 (6.51%) Go
10 66 (6.06%) PowerShell
10 66 (6.06%) Ruby
11 55 (5.05%) Java 8
12 35 (3.21%) PHP
13 29 (2.66%) Scala
14 19 (1.74%) PHP 7
15 16 (1.47%) Groovy
16 14 (1.28%) C
17 10 (0.92%) Shell Script
18 9 (0.83%) PL/SQL
19 7 (0.64%) JSX
Qualifications
1 56 (5.14%) Degree
2 50 (4.59%) Security Cleared
3 43 (3.94%) SC Cleared
4 36 (3.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 25 (2.29%) AWS Certification
6 10 (0.92%) DV Cleared
6 10 (0.92%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
8 4 (0.37%) MCITP
8 4 (0.37%) MCSE
8 4 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
9 2 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
10 1 (0.092%) CCSA
10 1 (0.092%) CISM
10 1 (0.092%) CRISC
10 1 (0.092%) ISACA
10 1 (0.092%) MCTS
10 1 (0.092%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.092%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (3.12%) QA
2 6 (0.55%) PCI DSS
3 4 (0.37%) Data Quality
3 4 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.18%) PMO
5 1 (0.092%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 1 (0.092%) SLA
System Software
1 315 (28.90%) Docker
2 22 (2.02%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.83%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.37%) Apache Flume
4 4 (0.37%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.092%) KVM
Systems Management
1 246 (22.57%) Terraform
2 204 (18.72%) Ansible
3 153 (14.04%) Opscode Chef
4 139 (12.75%) Puppet
5 126 (11.56%) Kubernetes
6 78 (7.16%) Packer
7 26 (2.39%) Mesos
8 18 (1.65%) Salt
9 16 (1.47%) Grafana
10 15 (1.38%) Kibana
11 12 (1.10%) Single Sign-On
12 8 (0.73%) Graphite
13 6 (0.55%) logstash
13 6 (0.55%) Prometheus
14 5 (0.46%) Consul
15 4 (0.37%) FortiGate
15 4 (0.37%) Nagios
15 4 (0.37%) Oozie
15 4 (0.37%) ZABBIX
16 2 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 84 (7.71%) Microsoft
2 34 (3.12%) Google
3 31 (2.84%) Splunk
4 20 (1.83%) Adobe
5 19 (1.74%) Oracle
6 17 (1.56%) Red Hat
7 16 (1.47%) Nintex
8 14 (1.28%) Atlassian
9 10 (0.92%) Salesforce.com
10 8 (0.73%) Tableau
11 7 (0.64%) Solace
12 6 (0.55%) Cisco
13 5 (0.46%) CheckPoint
13 5 (0.46%) Cypress Semiconductor
13 5 (0.46%) Interwoven
14 4 (0.37%) Apple
14 4 (0.37%) VMware
15 3 (0.28%) Bloomberg
15 3 (0.28%) Greenplum
15 3 (0.28%) Sitecore