Period
to 17 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 17 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 221 411 712
Rank change year-on-year +190 +301 +123
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,156 516 129
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.27% 0.56% 0.14%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.16% 3.10% 1.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 853 414 95
England median daily rate £550 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.95% +0.05% +11.11%
10th Percentile £413 £412 £425
90th Percentile £675 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £534 £510 £500
% change year-on-year +4.66% +2.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
England median hourly rate - - -
UK median hourly rate £42.50 - -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 22,382 16,629 11,560
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 24.57% 18.00% 12.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,583 11,666 7,981
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £310 £288 £290
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 298 202 155
England median hourly rate £17.50 £18.56 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.72% -2.30% -12.92%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.00 £11.75
90th Percentile £55.00 £58.75 £56.87
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £18.63 £18.65
% change year-on-year -6.04% -0.12% -15.24%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Serverless as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Serverless in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the England region over the 6 months to 17 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +158 752 £550 +5.77% 174
South East +86 176 £525 +5.85% 40
North of England +77 130 £520 +22.35% 43
Yorkshire +61 81 £500 +11.11% 13
North West +7 44 £523 +22.94% 25
Midlands +27 41 £425 -22.73% 26
South West -19 38 £500 +2.56% 21
West Midlands +12 32 £463 +12.12% 20
East of England +21 15 £510 -7.27% 14
East Midlands +9 9 £413 -21.43% 6
North East -5 5 £525 +10.53% 5
Serverless
UK

For the 6 months to 17 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Serverless.

1 852 (73.70%) Amazon AWS
2 671 (58.04%) AWS Lambda
3 516 (44.64%) Agile Software Development
4 413 (35.73%) DevOps
5 388 (33.56%) JavaScript
6 355 (30.71%) Docker
7 341 (29.50%) Python
8 321 (27.77%) Microsoft Azure
9 307 (26.56%) Node.js
10 302 (26.12%) Java
11 297 (25.69%) Amazon EC2
12 285 (24.65%) Amazon S3
13 279 (24.13%) Jenkins
14 242 (20.93%) TDD
15 232 (20.07%) Terraform
16 221 (19.12%) Microservices
17 215 (18.60%) Git (software)
18 192 (16.61%) Ansible
19 190 (16.44%) HTML
20 185 (16.00%) Azure Functions
21 182 (15.74%) React
21 182 (15.74%) Linux
22 180 (15.57%) AngularJS
23 177 (15.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
23 177 (15.31%) AWS CloudFormation
24 175 (15.14%) Web Services
25 171 (14.79%) Finance
25 171 (14.79%) Kubernetes
26 169 (14.62%) .NET
27 167 (14.45%) C#

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (8.13%) Elasticsearch
2 79 (6.83%) Confluence
3 37 (3.20%) Apache Spark
4 25 (2.16%) Apache
4 25 (2.16%) SharePoint
5 23 (1.99%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 19 (1.64%) CMS
7 12 (1.04%) Apache Solr
7 12 (1.04%) Gunicorn
7 12 (1.04%) SharePoint 2010
8 8 (0.69%) IIS
9 7 (0.61%) OpenStack
10 6 (0.52%) Tomcat
11 5 (0.43%) SAS
12 4 (0.35%) nginx
12 4 (0.35%) Sitecore CMS
13 3 (0.26%) Cloud Foundry
13 3 (0.26%) Jupyter
13 3 (0.26%) Magnolia
13 3 (0.26%) Mule
Applications
1 18 (1.56%) InfoPath
2 3 (0.26%) InVision
3 1 (0.087%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.087%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 18 (1.56%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.35%) Magento
3 3 (0.26%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 852 (73.70%) Amazon AWS
2 671 (58.04%) AWS Lambda
3 321 (27.77%) Microsoft Azure
4 297 (25.69%) Amazon EC2
5 285 (24.65%) Amazon S3
6 185 (16.00%) Azure Functions
7 177 (15.31%) AWS CloudFormation
8 147 (12.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 128 (11.07%) Amazon SQS
10 105 (9.08%) Amazon Kinesis
11 99 (8.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 75 (6.49%) PaaS
13 71 (6.14%) Route 53
14 68 (5.88%) Google Cloud Platform
15 63 (5.45%) CloudFront
16 51 (4.41%) Amazon ELB
17 49 (4.24%) Amazon EMR
18 47 (4.07%) OpenShift
19 43 (3.72%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
20 42 (3.63%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 57 (4.93%) DNS
2 51 (4.41%) TCP/IP
3 50 (4.33%) Firewall
4 29 (2.51%) VPN
5 22 (1.90%) HTTP
6 16 (1.38%) ICMP
7 9 (0.78%) SSL
8 6 (0.52%) Cisco ASA
9 4 (0.35%) SSH
10 3 (0.26%) AMQP
10 3 (0.26%) LAN
10 3 (0.26%) MQTT
10 3 (0.26%) Reverse Proxy
10 3 (0.26%) WAN
11 2 (0.17%) Extranet
12 1 (0.087%) BGP
12 1 (0.087%) DSL
12 1 (0.087%) EIGRP
12 1 (0.087%) Network Security
12 1 (0.087%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 177 (15.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 166 (14.36%) Amazon RDS
3 108 (9.34%) MySQL
3 108 (9.34%) SQL Server
4 90 (7.79%) PostgreSQL
5 77 (6.66%) MongoDB
6 76 (6.57%) Data Lake
7 70 (6.06%) NoSQL
8 65 (5.62%) Big Data
9 64 (5.54%) Cosmos DB
10 57 (4.93%) Redis
11 53 (4.58%) Relational Database
12 50 (4.33%) Azure SQL Database
13 47 (4.07%) Hadoop
14 46 (3.98%) Amazon Redshift
15 37 (3.20%) Data Warehouse
16 28 (2.42%) Couchbase
17 24 (2.08%) Apache Hive
18 22 (1.90%) Amazon Athena
18 22 (1.90%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 279 (24.13%) Jenkins
2 215 (18.60%) Git (software)
3 110 (9.52%) JIRA
4 69 (5.97%) Mocha
5 68 (5.88%) Selenium
6 65 (5.62%) Visual Studio Team System
7 59 (5.10%) Maven
8 41 (3.55%) Gatling
8 41 (3.55%) webpack
9 35 (3.03%) GitLab
10 31 (2.68%) Octopus Deploy
11 28 (2.42%) Mercurial
12 27 (2.34%) TeamCity
13 25 (2.16%) Cucumber
13 25 (2.16%) Jasmine
14 24 (2.08%) IntelliJ
15 23 (1.99%) Gradle
16 21 (1.82%) Babel
16 21 (1.82%) JUnit
17 20 (1.73%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 171 (14.79%) Finance
2 103 (8.91%) Retail
3 64 (5.54%) Banking
4 26 (2.25%) Law
5 25 (2.16%) Marketing
6 15 (1.30%) Back Office
7 11 (0.95%) Front Office
8 9 (0.78%) Legal
9 7 (0.61%) Telecoms
10 6 (0.52%) Billing
10 6 (0.52%) Games
11 5 (0.43%) Publishing
12 3 (0.26%) Automotive
12 3 (0.26%) Electronics
12 3 (0.26%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.17%) Local Government
14 1 (0.087%) Avionics
14 1 (0.087%) Investment Banking
14 1 (0.087%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 493 (42.65%) Developer
2 225 (19.46%) DevOps Engineer
3 210 (18.17%) AWS Engineer
4 153 (13.24%) AWS DevOps
5 141 (12.20%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 137 (11.85%) Architect
7 98 (8.48%) React Developer
8 92 (7.96%) JavaScript Developer
9 85 (7.35%) AWS Developer
10 82 (7.09%) Senior Developer
11 77 (6.66%) Full Stack Developer
12 69 (5.97%) Node.js Developer
13 68 (5.88%) .NET Developer
14 67 (5.80%) Software Engineer
15 66 (5.71%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 63 (5.45%) AWS Architect
17 58 (5.02%) Cloud Architect
18 57 (4.93%) Cloud Engineer
19 55 (4.76%) Java Developer
20 53 (4.58%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 307 (26.56%) Node.js
2 190 (16.44%) HTML
3 182 (15.74%) React
4 180 (15.57%) AngularJS
5 175 (15.14%) Web Services
6 169 (14.62%) .NET
7 165 (14.27%) CSS
8 158 (13.67%) REST
9 100 (8.65%) RESTful
10 91 (7.87%) HTML5
11 84 (7.27%) JSON
12 83 (7.18%) Redux
13 80 (6.92%) .NET Core
14 70 (6.06%) Jest
14 70 (6.06%) jQuery
15 66 (5.71%) Express
16 60 (5.19%) Sass
17 57 (4.93%) Spring
18 56 (4.84%) ASP.NET Web API
19 55 (4.76%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 115 (9.95%) Greenfield Project
2 75 (6.49%) User Experience
3 64 (5.54%) Cloud Native
4 44 (3.81%) Fintech
5 41 (3.55%) Public Cloud
6 30 (2.60%) Hybrid Cloud
7 24 (2.08%) Analytical Skills
8 18 (1.56%) Mobile App
9 15 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
10 11 (0.95%) Data Centre
10 11 (0.95%) Linux Command Line
11 10 (0.87%) Enterprise Software
12 9 (0.78%) Algorithms
12 9 (0.78%) Enterprise Cloud
13 8 (0.69%) Equities
14 7 (0.61%) PKI
15 6 (0.52%) Robotics
15 6 (0.52%) Tandem
16 5 (0.43%) N-Tier
16 5 (0.43%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 182 (15.74%) Linux
2 60 (5.19%) Windows
3 38 (3.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 32 (2.77%) Unix
5 13 (1.12%) Android
6 9 (0.78%) Windows Server 2012
7 7 (0.61%) VMS
8 6 (0.52%) Apple iOS
9 5 (0.43%) CentOS
9 5 (0.43%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.35%) Amazon Linux
11 3 (0.26%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.087%) Solaris
12 1 (0.087%) Windows Server 2003
12 1 (0.087%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 516 (44.64%) Agile Software Development
2 413 (35.73%) DevOps
3 242 (20.93%) TDD
4 221 (19.12%) Microservices
5 159 (13.75%) Software Engineering
6 157 (13.58%) Scrum
7 141 (12.20%) Test Automation
8 129 (11.16%) Continuous Integration
9 127 (10.99%) Migration
10 125 (10.81%) BDD
11 116 (10.03%) Unit Testing
12 101 (8.74%) Configuration Management
13 96 (8.30%) OO
14 90 (7.79%) E-Commerce
14 90 (7.79%) MVC
15 67 (5.80%) Front End Development
16 63 (5.45%) SOA
17 60 (5.19%) Problem-Solving
18 59 (5.10%) Continuous Delivery
18 59 (5.10%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 388 (33.56%) JavaScript
2 341 (29.50%) Python
3 302 (26.12%) Java
4 167 (14.45%) C#
5 160 (13.84%) SQL
6 115 (9.95%) ES6
7 81 (7.01%) TypeScript
8 78 (6.75%) Ruby
9 77 (6.66%) Bash Shell
10 69 (5.97%) Go
11 64 (5.54%) PowerShell
12 62 (5.36%) Java 8
13 43 (3.72%) PHP
14 40 (3.46%) Scala
15 21 (1.82%) Perl
16 20 (1.73%) C
17 18 (1.56%) PHP 7
18 13 (1.12%) JSX
19 12 (1.04%) Shell Script
19 12 (1.04%) U-SQL
Qualifications
1 47 (4.07%) Degree
2 45 (3.89%) AWS Certification
3 39 (3.37%) Security Cleared
4 33 (2.85%) SC Cleared
5 28 (2.42%) Computer Science Degree
6 6 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
6 6 (0.52%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.35%) DV Cleared
7 4 (0.35%) MCITP
7 4 (0.35%) MCSE
7 4 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.17%) CISM
8 2 (0.17%) CISSP
8 2 (0.17%) CREST Certified
8 2 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
8 2 (0.17%) PhD
8 2 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
9 1 (0.087%) CCNP
9 1 (0.087%) CRISC
9 1 (0.087%) ISACA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (3.37%) QA
2 5 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.087%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.087%) GDPR
3 1 (0.087%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 1 (0.087%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.087%) SLA
System Software
1 355 (30.71%) Docker
2 34 (2.94%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (0.26%) Apache Flume
4 3 (0.26%) HDFS
5 1 (0.087%) KVM
5 1 (0.087%) Terminal Server
5 1 (0.087%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 232 (20.07%) Terraform
2 192 (16.61%) Ansible
3 171 (14.79%) Kubernetes
4 150 (12.98%) Puppet
5 140 (12.11%) Opscode Chef
6 69 (5.97%) Packer
7 29 (2.51%) Mesos
8 18 (1.56%) Kibana
9 13 (1.12%) Salt
10 11 (0.95%) rkt
11 8 (0.69%) Grafana
11 8 (0.69%) logstash
11 8 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
12 6 (0.52%) FortiGate
12 6 (0.52%) Prometheus
13 4 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
13 4 (0.35%) Graphite
13 4 (0.35%) Nagios
14 3 (0.26%) Nessus
14 3 (0.26%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 100 (8.65%) Microsoft
2 46 (3.98%) Google
3 44 (3.81%) Oracle
4 33 (2.85%) Red Hat
4 33 (2.85%) Splunk
5 24 (2.08%) Adobe
6 18 (1.56%) Nintex
7 16 (1.38%) Atlassian
8 11 (0.95%) Cypress Semiconductor
8 11 (0.95%) Databricks
9 10 (0.87%) Salesforce.com
10 9 (0.78%) SAP
10 9 (0.78%) Tableau
11 8 (0.69%) Cisco
12 7 (0.61%) CheckPoint
13 6 (0.52%) MuleSoft
13 6 (0.52%) New Relic
13 6 (0.52%) Ping Identity
14 5 (0.43%) Reuters
14 5 (0.43%) Solace