Period
to 11 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 11 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK > England
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 73 130 192
Rank change year-on-year +57 +62 +123
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,269 1,044 1,311
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.04% 1.95% 1.48%
As % of the Cloud Services category 8.89% 6.32% 5.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 981 797 912
10th Percentile £413 £413 £413
25th Percentile £463 £463 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £538 £550
Median % change year-on-year -2.33% -2.27% +7.32%
75th Percentile £638 £625 £613
90th Percentile £713 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £545
% change year-on-year - -3.67% +6.34%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 10 1
10th Percentile £27.13 £64.13 "
25th Percentile £33.69 £66.25 £10.25
Median hourly rate £45.00 £72.50 £10.50
Median % change year-on-year -37.93% +590.48% -79.00%
75th Percentile £55.94 £78.75 £10.75
90th Percentile £62.28 " "
UK median hourly rate £41.25 £72.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -43.10% +70.59% -15.00%

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 14,269 16,511 24,682
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.17% 30.79% 27.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,262 11,735 17,437
10th Percentile £313 £288 £313
25th Percentile £406 £400 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £669 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 253 255 244
10th Percentile £12.05 £12.50 £11.08
25th Percentile £15.00 £16.50 £13.25
Median hourly rate £21.05 £20.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +5.25% +14.29% -7.01%
75th Percentile £38.38 £39.31 £25.00
90th Percentile £59.75 £61.15 £48.40
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £20.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +10.00% +14.29% -3.06%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the England region over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +54 933 £525 -4.55% 248
North of England +21 98 £465 -11.43% 92
South East +30 93 £488 -2.50% 67
North West +14 68 £485 -7.62% 58
South West +10 42 £450 -21.74% 27
Midlands +32 29 £425 -15.00% 48
Yorkshire +21 24 £438 -16.67% 27
West Midlands +21 22 £450 -10.00% 34
East of England +12 20 £488 -7.14% 30
East Midlands +26 7 £425 -15.84% 14
North East +10 6 £488 -19.75% 7
Serverless
UK

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Serverless.

1 943 (74.31%) AWS
2 753 (59.34%) AWS Lambda
3 683 (53.82%) Agile Software Development
4 480 (37.83%) Python
5 454 (35.78%) JavaScript
6 441 (34.75%) Software Engineering
7 407 (32.07%) Azure
8 386 (30.42%) Terraform
9 374 (29.47%) DevOps
10 372 (29.31%) React
11 349 (27.50%) Amazon S3
12 340 (26.79%) Node.js
13 333 (26.24%) Docker
14 331 (26.08%) Finance
15 325 (25.61%) Kubernetes
16 322 (25.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 306 (24.11%) Web Services
18 279 (21.99%) TypeScript
18 279 (21.99%) Microservices
19 261 (20.57%) Java
20 250 (19.70%) SQL
21 241 (18.99%) Asset Management
22 229 (18.05%) .NET
23 218 (17.18%) Amazon RDS
24 215 (16.94%) Amazon SQS
25 207 (16.31%) Azure Functions
26 189 (14.89%) Front Office
27 174 (13.71%) AWS Step Functions
28 166 (13.08%) GCP
29 158 (12.45%) Amazon EC2

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 83 (6.54%) Apache
2 42 (3.31%) Apache Spark
3 38 (2.99%) BizTalk Server
4 34 (2.68%) Confluence
5 27 (2.13%) Elasticsearch
6 26 (2.05%) Apache Airflow
7 25 (1.97%) SharePoint
8 12 (0.95%) Tomcat
9 11 (0.87%) OpenStack
10 9 (0.71%) IBM Domino
11 8 (0.63%) Apache ServiceMix
11 8 (0.63%) Apache Synapse
11 8 (0.63%) NServiceBus
11 8 (0.63%) WebSphere
12 7 (0.55%) WebSphere Application Server
13 6 (0.47%) CMS
14 5 (0.39%) JBoss
14 5 (0.39%) Jupyter
15 4 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
15 4 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 7 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.47%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.079%) Figma
5 1 (0.079%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 18 (1.42%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.71%) Shopify
3 8 (0.63%) Magento
4 7 (0.55%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.16%) Aligne
5 2 (0.16%) Unit4 Business World
6 1 (0.079%) Exstream
6 1 (0.079%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.079%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 943 (74.31%) AWS
2 753 (59.34%) AWS Lambda
3 407 (32.07%) Azure
4 349 (27.50%) Amazon S3
5 215 (16.94%) Amazon SQS
6 207 (16.31%) Azure Functions
7 174 (13.71%) AWS Step Functions
8 166 (13.08%) GCP
9 158 (12.45%) Amazon EC2
10 123 (9.69%) AWS CloudFormation
11 94 (7.41%) Logic Apps
12 83 (6.54%) PaaS
13 79 (6.23%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 75 (5.91%) Amazon ECS
15 67 (5.28%) GitHub
16 64 (5.04%) IaaS
17 54 (4.26%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 49 (3.86%) Amazon EKS
18 49 (3.86%) Amazon Kinesis
19 46 (3.62%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 18 (1.42%) DNS
1 18 (1.42%) Firewall
2 15 (1.18%) HTTP
3 12 (0.95%) VPN
4 10 (0.79%) SSH
5 9 (0.71%) FTP
5 9 (0.71%) Network Security
5 9 (0.71%) Unified Communications
6 8 (0.63%) SSL
7 7 (0.55%) Internet
8 5 (0.39%) DSL
9 4 (0.32%) CTI
9 4 (0.32%) Softphone
10 3 (0.24%) Ethernet
11 2 (0.16%) HTTPS
11 2 (0.16%) MQTT
11 2 (0.16%) Skype
11 2 (0.16%) TCP/IP
11 2 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
12 1 (0.079%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 322 (25.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 218 (17.18%) Amazon RDS
3 108 (8.51%) Big Data
4 88 (6.93%) MongoDB
4 88 (6.93%) SQL Server
5 82 (6.46%) Azure SQL Database
6 75 (5.91%) PostgreSQL
7 73 (5.75%) Data Warehouse
8 67 (5.28%) Data Lake
9 61 (4.81%) NoSQL
10 59 (4.65%) MySQL
11 42 (3.31%) Amazon Redshift
12 34 (2.68%) Redis
13 32 (2.52%) Cosmos DB
14 27 (2.13%) Hadoop
15 25 (1.97%) Amazon Athena
15 25 (1.97%) Amazon Aurora
16 21 (1.65%) Power BI
17 16 (1.26%) Relational Database
18 13 (1.02%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 147 (11.58%) Git (software)
2 116 (9.14%) Jenkins
3 75 (5.91%) JIRA
4 36 (2.84%) Maven
5 32 (2.52%) Visual Studio Team System
6 29 (2.29%) Gradle
7 25 (1.97%) kappa
7 25 (1.97%) Selenium
8 24 (1.89%) JUnit
8 24 (1.89%) PowerDesigner
8 24 (1.89%) webpack
9 20 (1.58%) GitLab
10 19 (1.50%) Ant
10 19 (1.50%) CircleCI
11 18 (1.42%) Cucumber
12 17 (1.34%) SonarQube
13 15 (1.18%) Postman
14 13 (1.02%) Cypress.io
15 12 (0.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 12 (0.95%) JMeter
General
1 331 (26.08%) Finance
2 189 (14.89%) Front Office
3 55 (4.33%) Banking
4 36 (2.84%) Public Sector
5 34 (2.68%) Retail
6 27 (2.13%) Marketing
7 11 (0.87%) Advertising
8 9 (0.71%) Billing
9 7 (0.55%) Back Office
9 7 (0.55%) Games
9 7 (0.55%) Multimedia
9 7 (0.55%) Publishing
9 7 (0.55%) Telecoms
10 4 (0.32%) Law
11 3 (0.24%) French Language
11 3 (0.24%) German Language
11 3 (0.24%) Legal
12 2 (0.16%) Investment Banking
12 2 (0.16%) Retail Banking
13 1 (0.079%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 656 (51.69%) Developer
2 248 (19.54%) React Developer
3 227 (17.89%) AWS Developer
4 189 (14.89%) Software Engineer
5 155 (12.21%) Full Stack Developer
6 144 (11.35%) AWS Engineer
7 130 (10.24%) DevOps Engineer
8 128 (10.09%) JavaScript Developer
9 110 (8.67%) Node.js Developer
10 108 (8.51%) Architect
11 107 (8.43%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 102 (8.04%) Python Developer
13 89 (7.01%) Python Engineer
14 82 (6.46%) Senior Developer
15 76 (5.99%) AWS DevOps
16 64 (5.04%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 63 (4.96%) Java Developer
18 62 (4.89%) Data Engineer
19 50 (3.94%) .NET Developer
20 47 (3.70%) Azure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 372 (29.31%) React
2 340 (26.79%) Node.js
3 306 (24.11%) Web Services
4 229 (18.05%) .NET
5 146 (11.51%) AngularJS
6 94 (7.41%) Kafka
7 93 (7.33%) REST
8 87 (6.86%) React Native
9 84 (6.62%) RESTful
10 68 (5.36%) CSS
11 65 (5.12%) GraphQL
12 49 (3.86%) HTML
13 47 (3.70%) .NET Core
13 47 (3.70%) Spring
13 47 (3.70%) Vue.js
14 44 (3.47%) Lambda Expressions
15 41 (3.23%) JSON
15 41 (3.23%) Redux
16 39 (3.07%) Apache NiFi
17 30 (2.36%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 111 (8.75%) Cloud Native
2 54 (4.26%) Blog
3 41 (3.23%) Analytical Skills
4 36 (2.84%) User Experience
5 35 (2.76%) Equities
5 35 (2.76%) Fixed Income
6 33 (2.60%) Derivative
6 33 (2.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 33 (2.60%) Greenfield Project
7 25 (1.97%) Mobile App
8 22 (1.73%) Algorithms
8 22 (1.73%) Public Cloud
9 20 (1.58%) Hedge funds
10 17 (1.34%) Enterprise Software
11 15 (1.18%) Data Structures
12 14 (1.10%) Replication
13 13 (1.02%) Virtual Team
14 10 (0.79%) Data Centre
15 9 (0.71%) Hybrid Cloud
15 9 (0.71%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 90 (7.09%) Linux
2 50 (3.94%) Windows
3 16 (1.26%) CentOS
4 14 (1.10%) Android
4 14 (1.10%) Ubuntu
5 13 (1.02%) Unix
6 12 (0.95%) Apple iOS
6 12 (0.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.24%) VMS
8 1 (0.079%) Alpine Linux
8 1 (0.079%) CoreOS
8 1 (0.079%) Debian
8 1 (0.079%) SUSE
8 1 (0.079%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.079%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 683 (53.82%) Agile Software Development
2 441 (34.75%) Software Engineering
3 374 (29.47%) DevOps
4 279 (21.99%) Microservices
5 241 (18.99%) Asset Management
6 139 (10.95%) Investment Management
7 132 (10.40%) TDD
8 124 (9.77%) SDLC
9 118 (9.30%) Scrum
10 112 (8.83%) Test Automation
11 102 (8.04%) Open Source
12 90 (7.09%) Infrastructure as Code
13 83 (6.54%) Continuous Integration
14 82 (6.46%) Web Application Development
15 81 (6.38%) BDD
16 79 (6.23%) Data Engineering
17 76 (5.99%) Progressive Web App
18 67 (5.28%) Analytics
19 64 (5.04%) ETL
20 63 (4.96%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 480 (37.83%) Python
2 454 (35.78%) JavaScript
3 279 (21.99%) TypeScript
4 261 (20.57%) Java
5 250 (19.70%) SQL
6 148 (11.66%) C#
7 77 (6.07%) Go
8 60 (4.73%) Bash Shell
9 58 (4.57%) T-SQL
10 55 (4.33%) C++
11 51 (4.02%) PowerShell
12 45 (3.55%) Java 8
13 43 (3.39%) PL/SQL
13 43 (3.39%) Scala
14 40 (3.15%) Kotlin
15 30 (2.36%) ES6
16 23 (1.81%) Ruby
17 22 (1.73%) PHP
18 15 (1.18%) Shell Script
19 10 (0.79%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 122 (9.61%) Security Cleared
2 116 (9.14%) SC Cleared
3 45 (3.55%) AWS Certification
4 39 (3.07%) DV Cleared
5 21 (1.65%) Degree
6 6 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
6 6 (0.47%) Computer Science Degree
6 6 (0.47%) ISEB
7 5 (0.39%) PhD
8 4 (0.32%) CISSP
8 4 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
9 3 (0.24%) CESG Certified Professional
10 2 (0.16%) CEH
10 2 (0.16%) GPEN
10 2 (0.16%) OSCP
11 1 (0.079%) CTC Cleared
11 1 (0.079%) ISSAP
11 1 (0.079%) ISSEP
11 1 (0.079%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.079%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (2.29%) QA
2 20 (1.58%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.55%) GDPR
3 7 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.39%) NIST
5 4 (0.32%) SLA
6 2 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.16%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.079%) Actionable Recommendations
7 1 (0.079%) COBIT
7 1 (0.079%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.079%) HL7
7 1 (0.079%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.079%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.079%) NCSC
7 1 (0.079%) NIST 800
System Software
1 333 (26.24%) Docker
2 23 (1.81%) Active Directory
3 15 (1.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (1.10%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (0.55%) Postfix
5 7 (0.55%) qmail
6 5 (0.39%) HDFS
7 4 (0.32%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.079%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.079%) GlusterFS
9 1 (0.079%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.079%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 386 (30.42%) Terraform
2 325 (25.61%) Kubernetes
3 104 (8.20%) Ansible
4 42 (3.31%) Opscode Chef
5 28 (2.21%) Puppet
6 11 (0.87%) Packer
7 10 (0.79%) Microsoft Intune
8 8 (0.63%) Grafana
9 7 (0.55%) Istio
10 6 (0.47%) Prometheus
10 6 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
11 4 (0.32%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
11 4 (0.32%) Foglight
11 4 (0.32%) Knative
11 4 (0.32%) Nagios
12 3 (0.24%) Consul
12 3 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
12 3 (0.24%) ZABBIX
13 2 (0.16%) Control-M
13 2 (0.16%) Graphite
Vendors
1 106 (8.35%) Microsoft
2 80 (6.30%) Oracle
3 59 (4.65%) MuleSoft
4 53 (4.18%) Google
5 50 (3.94%) Databricks
6 25 (1.97%) BiZZdesign
7 19 (1.50%) Salesforce.com
8 17 (1.34%) VMware
9 16 (1.26%) Informatica
10 15 (1.18%) New Relic
11 14 (1.10%) IBM
12 12 (0.95%) Atlassian
13 11 (0.87%) Cloudera
13 11 (0.87%) Dynatrace
14 9 (0.71%) SAP
14 9 (0.71%) Xerox
15 6 (0.47%) Hortonworks
15 6 (0.47%) Splunk
15 6 (0.47%) WorldPay
16 5 (0.39%) Red Hat