Period
to 18 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 18 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 77 136 220
Rank change year-on-year +59 +84 +195
Contract jobs citing Serverless 978 1,265 1,169
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.89% 1.92% 1.28%
As % of the Cloud Services category 8.80% 6.36% 4.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 957 947 877
Median daily rate £525 £525 £545
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -3.67% +6.60%
10th Percentile £400 £406 £413
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 20 0
Median hourly rate £74.25 £72.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% - -
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £72.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -37.93% +70.59% -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 11,112 19,881 23,430
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.87% 30.22% 25.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,926 14,001 16,631
Median daily rate £488 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.50% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £303 £280 £305
90th Percentile £661 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £495 £490 £495
% change year-on-year +1.02% -1.01% +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 196 288 284
Median hourly rate £22.00 £20.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +14.29% -2.78%
10th Percentile £12.50 £13.43 £11.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £74.65 £42.50
Median hourly rate £22.50 £19.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +15.38% +11.43% -2.78%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the England region over the 6 months to 18 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +48 732 £525 -4.55% 203
North of England +5 94 £475 - 57
South East +49 68 £475 -9.52% 33
North West +1 61 £450 -5.26% 41
Yorkshire +35 26 £500 +11.11% 11
Midlands +47 25 £425 -15.84% 37
South West +35 23 £450 -10.00% 28
West Midlands +45 18 £375 -34.78% 18
East of England +45 15 £450 -14.29% 26
East Midlands +31 7 £425 -15.84% 19
North East +16 6 £500 +13.31% 5
Serverless
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Serverless.

1 763 (78.02%) AWS
2 609 (62.27%) AWS Lambda
3 516 (52.76%) Agile Software Development
4 463 (47.34%) Python
5 369 (37.73%) Azure
6 359 (36.71%) Software Engineering
7 335 (34.25%) DevOps
8 315 (32.21%) JavaScript
9 303 (30.98%) Web Services
10 299 (30.57%) Finance
11 291 (29.75%) React
12 270 (27.61%) Terraform
13 266 (27.20%) Amazon S3
14 254 (25.97%) Docker
15 252 (25.77%) Asset Management
16 249 (25.46%) Java
17 244 (24.95%) Kubernetes
18 243 (24.85%) SQL
19 239 (24.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 213 (21.78%) Microservices
21 198 (20.25%) Amazon EC2
22 196 (20.04%) Node.js
23 171 (17.48%) Front Office
23 171 (17.48%) Azure Functions
24 166 (16.97%) AngularJS
25 163 (16.67%) TypeScript
26 149 (15.24%) .NET
27 145 (14.83%) Amazon RDS
28 143 (14.62%) GCP
29 135 (13.80%) Jenkins

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (9.61%) Apache
2 29 (2.97%) Apache Spark
3 22 (2.25%) Confluence
4 21 (2.15%) Elasticsearch
5 20 (2.04%) BizTalk Server
6 10 (1.02%) Apache Airflow
7 8 (0.82%) SharePoint
8 7 (0.72%) OpenStack
8 7 (0.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 6 (0.61%) Jupyter
9 6 (0.61%) NServiceBus
10 5 (0.51%) Drupal
10 5 (0.51%) JBoss
11 3 (0.31%) Tomcat
12 2 (0.20%) Apache Pig
12 2 (0.20%) CMS
12 2 (0.20%) nginx
12 2 (0.20%) SharePoint 2010
12 2 (0.20%) SharePoint Server
12 2 (0.20%) WebLogic
Applications
1 6 (0.61%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.41%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.10%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 15 (1.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.20%) Aligne
2 2 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.10%) Exstream
3 1 (0.10%) Magento
3 1 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.10%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.10%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 763 (78.02%) AWS
2 609 (62.27%) AWS Lambda
3 369 (37.73%) Azure
4 266 (27.20%) Amazon S3
5 198 (20.25%) Amazon EC2
6 171 (17.48%) Azure Functions
7 143 (14.62%) GCP
8 130 (13.29%) Amazon SQS
9 109 (11.15%) Amazon ECS
10 107 (10.94%) AWS CloudFormation
11 101 (10.33%) AWS Step Functions
12 73 (7.46%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 63 (6.44%) Logic Apps
14 61 (6.24%) PaaS
15 59 (6.03%) GitHub
15 59 (6.03%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 51 (5.21%) Power Platform
17 43 (4.40%) Amazon Kinesis
18 41 (4.19%) IaaS
19 39 (3.99%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 17 (1.74%) DNS
2 14 (1.43%) Network Security
3 7 (0.72%) CTI
3 7 (0.72%) Softphone
4 6 (0.61%) Firewall
4 6 (0.61%) VPN
5 5 (0.51%) SSH
6 4 (0.41%) FTP
6 4 (0.41%) Internet
7 3 (0.31%) HTTP
7 3 (0.31%) Wi-Fi
8 2 (0.20%) DHCP
8 2 (0.20%) SMTP
8 2 (0.20%) TCP/IP
9 1 (0.10%) Broadband
9 1 (0.10%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.10%) LAN
9 1 (0.10%) VoIP
9 1 (0.10%) WAN
9 1 (0.10%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 239 (24.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 145 (14.83%) Amazon RDS
3 92 (9.41%) SQL Server
4 83 (8.49%) MySQL
5 81 (8.28%) PostgreSQL
6 75 (7.67%) Amazon Redshift
7 65 (6.65%) Big Data
8 56 (5.73%) Azure SQL Database
9 51 (5.21%) Data Lake
9 51 (5.21%) Data Warehouse
10 43 (4.40%) MongoDB
10 43 (4.40%) NoSQL
11 32 (3.27%) Redis
12 23 (2.35%) Relational Database
13 22 (2.25%) Apache Ignite
14 19 (1.94%) Amazon Athena
14 19 (1.94%) Amazon Aurora
14 19 (1.94%) Hadoop
15 17 (1.74%) Cosmos DB
16 12 (1.23%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 135 (13.80%) Jenkins
2 107 (10.94%) Git (software)
3 58 (5.93%) GitLab
4 50 (5.11%) Artifactory
5 44 (4.50%) Visual Studio Team System
6 33 (3.37%) JIRA
7 20 (2.04%) TeamCity
8 18 (1.84%) Maven
9 16 (1.64%) Gradle
9 16 (1.64%) webpack
10 15 (1.53%) CircleCI
10 15 (1.53%) Selenium
11 14 (1.43%) Octopus Deploy
12 13 (1.33%) JUnit
13 12 (1.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 12 (1.23%) Postman
14 11 (1.12%) kappa
14 11 (1.12%) SonarQube
15 10 (1.02%) Bitbucket
15 10 (1.02%) RStudio
General
1 299 (30.57%) Finance
2 171 (17.48%) Front Office
3 105 (10.74%) Banking
4 28 (2.86%) Public Sector
5 27 (2.76%) Marketing
6 26 (2.66%) Retail
7 21 (2.15%) Investment Banking
8 12 (1.23%) Advertising
8 12 (1.23%) Back Office
9 9 (0.92%) Games
10 8 (0.82%) Billing
10 8 (0.82%) Law
11 7 (0.72%) Multimedia
12 5 (0.51%) German Language
13 4 (0.41%) Retail Finance
14 3 (0.31%) Retail Banking
15 2 (0.20%) Manufacturing
15 2 (0.20%) Publishing
16 1 (0.10%) Legal
16 1 (0.10%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 498 (50.92%) Developer
2 210 (21.47%) Software Engineer
3 167 (17.08%) React Developer
4 165 (16.87%) AWS Developer
5 156 (15.95%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 150 (15.34%) AWS Engineer
7 124 (12.68%) Python Developer
8 118 (12.07%) DevOps Engineer
9 100 (10.22%) Full Stack Developer
10 98 (10.02%) Python Engineer
11 90 (9.20%) JavaScript Developer
12 77 (7.87%) AWS DevOps
13 74 (7.57%) Architect
14 69 (7.06%) Python Software Engineer
15 67 (6.85%) Java Developer
16 62 (6.34%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 60 (6.13%) Node.js Developer
18 56 (5.73%) Azure Engineer
19 43 (4.40%) JavaScript Engineer
20 42 (4.29%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 303 (30.98%) Web Services
2 291 (29.75%) React
3 196 (20.04%) Node.js
4 166 (16.97%) AngularJS
5 149 (15.24%) .NET
6 79 (8.08%) Vue.js
7 68 (6.95%) Kafka
8 67 (6.85%) React Native
9 54 (5.52%) REST
10 48 (4.91%) RESTful
11 47 (4.81%) Swagger
12 46 (4.70%) CSS
13 40 (4.09%) GraphQL
13 40 (4.09%) gRPC
13 40 (4.09%) OAuth
14 38 (3.89%) Redux
15 32 (3.27%) HTML
16 30 (3.07%) Lambda Expressions
17 29 (2.97%) Django
18 27 (2.76%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 102 (10.43%) Hedge funds
2 92 (9.41%) Fixed Income
3 91 (9.30%) Derivative
4 90 (9.20%) Equities
5 75 (7.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 66 (6.75%) Cloud Native
7 63 (6.44%) Blog
8 44 (4.50%) Greenfield Project
9 39 (3.99%) Analytical Skills
10 18 (1.84%) User Experience
11 17 (1.74%) Mobile App
12 13 (1.33%) Data Centre
13 12 (1.23%) Algorithms
13 12 (1.23%) Public Cloud
14 10 (1.02%) Hybrid Cloud
15 9 (0.92%) Enterprise Software
15 9 (0.92%) Replication
16 8 (0.82%) Data Structures
17 7 (0.72%) Self-Motivation
17 7 (0.72%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 87 (8.90%) Linux
2 29 (2.97%) Windows
3 10 (1.02%) Unix
4 9 (0.92%) Android
5 7 (0.72%) CentOS
6 6 (0.61%) Apple iOS
7 4 (0.41%) Amazon Linux
8 3 (0.31%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.31%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.20%) VMS
10 1 (0.10%) Debian
10 1 (0.10%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 516 (52.76%) Agile Software Development
2 359 (36.71%) Software Engineering
3 335 (34.25%) DevOps
4 252 (25.77%) Asset Management
5 213 (21.78%) Microservices
6 121 (12.37%) Investment Management
7 113 (11.55%) Open Source
8 106 (10.84%) Test Automation
9 98 (10.02%) Infrastructure as Code
10 92 (9.41%) TDD
11 76 (7.77%) Scrum
12 67 (6.85%) SDLC
13 66 (6.75%) Web Application Development
14 64 (6.54%) Progressive Web App
15 45 (4.60%) BDD
16 43 (4.40%) Continuous Integration
17 42 (4.29%) Migration
18 41 (4.19%) Analytics
19 40 (4.09%) Problem-Solving
20 38 (3.89%) Data Engineering
Programming Languages
1 463 (47.34%) Python
2 315 (32.21%) JavaScript
3 249 (25.46%) Java
4 243 (24.85%) SQL
5 163 (16.67%) TypeScript
6 106 (10.84%) C#
7 78 (7.98%) Kotlin
8 50 (5.11%) Scala
9 48 (4.91%) Bash Shell
10 44 (4.50%) Go
10 44 (4.50%) PowerShell
11 32 (3.27%) C++
12 29 (2.97%) T-SQL
13 24 (2.45%) Java 8
14 22 (2.25%) Clojure
15 19 (1.94%) ES6
15 19 (1.94%) PL/SQL
15 19 (1.94%) Ruby
16 17 (1.74%) PHP
17 16 (1.64%) R
Qualifications
1 82 (8.38%) Security Cleared
2 79 (8.08%) SC Cleared
3 31 (3.17%) AWS Certification
4 26 (2.66%) DV Cleared
5 12 (1.23%) Sun Certification
6 9 (0.92%) Degree
7 3 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.31%) CESG Certified Professional
7 3 (0.31%) Computer Science Degree
7 3 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.20%) CEH
8 2 (0.20%) CISSP
8 2 (0.20%) GPEN
8 2 (0.20%) OSCP
9 1 (0.10%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.10%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
9 1 (0.10%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (1.74%) QA
2 8 (0.82%) GDPR
3 6 (0.61%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.41%) SLA
5 3 (0.31%) NIST
6 2 (0.20%) HIPAA
6 2 (0.20%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.10%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.10%) NCSC
7 1 (0.10%) NIST 800
System Software
1 254 (25.97%) Docker
2 14 (1.43%) Active Directory
2 14 (1.43%) Virtual Machines
3 5 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.41%) HDFS
4 4 (0.41%) Oracle RAC
5 3 (0.31%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.10%) iptables
6 1 (0.10%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 270 (27.61%) Terraform
2 244 (24.95%) Kubernetes
3 95 (9.71%) Ansible
4 47 (4.81%) Opscode Chef
5 31 (3.17%) Puppet
6 10 (1.02%) Packer
7 7 (0.72%) Consul
8 6 (0.61%) Grafana
8 6 (0.61%) Kibana
9 4 (0.41%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
9 4 (0.41%) Foglight
10 3 (0.31%) Demisto
10 3 (0.31%) Hadoop YARN
10 3 (0.31%) Microsoft Intune
10 3 (0.31%) Prometheus
10 3 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.20%) Graphite
11 2 (0.20%) HAProxy
11 2 (0.20%) Istio
12 1 (0.10%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 99 (10.12%) Microsoft
2 71 (7.26%) Oracle
3 61 (6.24%) Google
4 41 (4.19%) Databricks
5 23 (2.35%) MuleSoft
6 15 (1.53%) Atlassian
7 12 (1.23%) Splunk
8 10 (1.02%) SAP
9 8 (0.82%) BiZZdesign
9 8 (0.82%) Dynatrace
9 8 (0.82%) Informatica
10 7 (0.72%) New Relic
10 7 (0.72%) Salesforce.com
11 6 (0.61%) VMware
12 4 (0.41%) Red Hat
13 3 (0.31%) AppDynamics
13 3 (0.31%) Confluent
13 3 (0.31%) GoldenSource
13 3 (0.31%) JD Edwards
13 3 (0.31%) ServiceNow