Period
to 17 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 17 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK > England
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 67 102 140
Rank change year-on-year +35 +38 +123
Contract jobs citing Serverless 2,119 622 1,569
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.34% 2.36% 1.92%
As % of the Cloud Services category 9.39% 7.39% 6.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,557 514 1,061
10th Percentile £413 £400 £400
25th Percentile £463 £431 £458
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
75th Percentile £638 £650 £608
90th Percentile £713 £750 £688
UK median daily rate £525 £550 £525
% change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 6
10th Percentile " " £40.75
25th Percentile £35.00 £81.00 £71.25
Median hourly rate £41.00 £82.00 £72.50
Median % change year-on-year -50.00% +13.10% +11.54%
75th Percentile £51.50 £83.00 £73.75
90th Percentile £59.60 " "
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £82.00 £72.50
% change year-on-year -57.32% +13.10% +11.54%

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 22,556 8,422 24,099
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.52% 31.97% 29.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,301 5,990 16,821
10th Percentile £325 £315 £300
25th Percentile £425 £411 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £588
90th Percentile £700 £688 £663
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 384 112 325
10th Percentile £12.25 £14.04 £13.00
25th Percentile £14.09 £16.69 £15.25
Median hourly rate £20.00 £20.92 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -4.39% -0.39% +20.00%
75th Percentile £39.53 £43.00 £40.75
90th Percentile £65.43 £55.00 £66.50
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £20.92 £20.50
% change year-on-year +0.39% +2.04% +17.14%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the England region over the 6 months to 17 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +16 1,401 £550 - 350
North of England +36 202 £500 +11.11% 112
South East -14 135 £525 +7.69% 59
North West +13 127 £500 +14.68% 62
South West +8 66 £475 +5.56% 30
Yorkshire +5 56 £450 - 29
Midlands -30 54 £475 +11.76% 80
East of England -18 39 £450 -10.00% 33
West Midlands -33 37 £475 +11.76% 62
North East -1 19 £550 -2.05% 21
East Midlands -23 17 £450 -5.26% 18
Serverless
UK

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Serverless.

1 1,500 (70.79%) AWS
2 1,169 (55.17%) AWS Lambda
3 934 (44.08%) Agile Software Development
4 783 (36.95%) Azure
5 752 (35.49%) DevOps
6 691 (32.61%) Python
7 649 (30.63%) JavaScript
8 604 (28.50%) Terraform
9 590 (27.84%) React
10 562 (26.52%) Software Engineering
11 561 (26.47%) Node.js
12 533 (25.15%) Full Stack Development
13 515 (24.30%) Amazon S3
14 513 (24.21%) Docker
15 504 (23.78%) Kubernetes
16 494 (23.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 493 (23.27%) Finance
18 467 (22.04%) SQL
19 460 (21.71%) TypeScript
19 460 (21.71%) Microservices
20 456 (21.52%) Azure Functions
21 429 (20.25%) Java
22 351 (16.56%) Web Services
23 334 (15.76%) Amazon SQS
24 333 (15.71%) .NET
25 311 (14.68%) Social Skills
26 297 (14.02%) AWS CloudFormation
27 288 (13.59%) Amazon RDS
28 270 (12.74%) Asset Management
29 259 (12.22%) C#

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 107 (5.05%) Apache Spark
2 95 (4.48%) Apache
3 85 (4.01%) Apache Airflow
4 58 (2.74%) Elasticsearch
5 56 (2.64%) Confluence
6 55 (2.60%) SharePoint
7 45 (2.12%) BizTalk Server
8 22 (1.04%) OpenStack
9 21 (0.99%) Luigi
10 15 (0.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 15 (0.71%) nginx
11 14 (0.66%) CMS
12 12 (0.57%) Tomcat
13 9 (0.42%) Apache Pig
14 8 (0.38%) Cloud Foundry
15 7 (0.33%) SAS
16 5 (0.24%) IIS
16 5 (0.24%) Jupyter
16 5 (0.24%) WebLogic
17 4 (0.19%) Headless CMS
Applications
1 6 (0.28%) MS Visio
2 5 (0.24%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.094%) Figma
3 2 (0.094%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.047%) InfoPath
4 1 (0.047%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 16 (0.76%) Payment Gateway
2 14 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
3 11 (0.52%) Magento
3 11 (0.52%) Shopify
4 8 (0.38%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 4 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
6 2 (0.094%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.047%) Aligne
7 1 (0.047%) Oracle Retail
7 1 (0.047%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.047%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,500 (70.79%) AWS
2 1,169 (55.17%) AWS Lambda
3 783 (36.95%) Azure
4 515 (24.30%) Amazon S3
5 456 (21.52%) Azure Functions
6 334 (15.76%) Amazon SQS
7 297 (14.02%) AWS CloudFormation
8 251 (11.85%) Amazon EC2
9 250 (11.80%) AWS Step Functions
10 240 (11.33%) PaaS
11 218 (10.29%) GCP
12 171 (8.07%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 168 (7.93%) IaaS
14 159 (7.50%) GitHub
15 145 (6.84%) Amazon ECS
16 134 (6.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 128 (6.04%) Azure Logic Apps
18 112 (5.29%) Azure Data Factory
19 111 (5.24%) Azure Service Bus
20 108 (5.10%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 35 (1.65%) DNS
2 30 (1.42%) HTTP
3 25 (1.18%) Firewall
4 23 (1.09%) Internet
5 17 (0.80%) SSL
6 12 (0.57%) VPN
7 10 (0.47%) AMQP
8 8 (0.38%) Kerberos
9 7 (0.33%) 5G
9 7 (0.33%) DHCP
9 7 (0.33%) DSL
10 6 (0.28%) IPsec
10 6 (0.28%) LAN
10 6 (0.28%) WAN
11 5 (0.24%) Cisco ASA
11 5 (0.24%) Network Security
11 5 (0.24%) VoIP
12 4 (0.19%) Broadband
12 4 (0.19%) SSH
13 3 (0.14%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 494 (23.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 288 (13.59%) Amazon RDS
3 156 (7.36%) NoSQL
4 143 (6.75%) Azure SQL Database
5 141 (6.65%) Big Data
6 136 (6.42%) MongoDB
7 131 (6.18%) PostgreSQL
8 122 (5.76%) Data Lake
9 95 (4.48%) Data Warehouse
10 86 (4.06%) SQL Server
11 76 (3.59%) MySQL
12 73 (3.45%) Amazon Athena
13 72 (3.40%) Relational Database
14 60 (2.83%) Hadoop
15 58 (2.74%) Amazon Redshift
16 51 (2.41%) Power BI
17 43 (2.03%) Redis
18 41 (1.93%) Metadata
19 36 (1.70%) Apache Cassandra
20 31 (1.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 247 (11.66%) Git (software)
2 229 (10.81%) Jenkins
3 142 (6.70%) JIRA
4 70 (3.30%) Maven
5 57 (2.69%) Bitbucket
5 57 (2.69%) GitLab
6 48 (2.27%) JUnit
7 44 (2.08%) webpack
8 41 (1.93%) Cypress.io
9 36 (1.70%) Mocha
10 33 (1.56%) Cucumber
11 27 (1.27%) Selenium
12 26 (1.23%) SonarQube
13 24 (1.13%) CircleCI
13 24 (1.13%) Gradle
14 23 (1.09%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 23 (1.09%) Postman
15 21 (0.99%) JMeter
15 21 (0.99%) Mockito
15 21 (0.99%) Visual Studio
General
1 493 (23.27%) Finance
2 311 (14.68%) Social Skills
3 243 (11.47%) Front Office
4 78 (3.68%) Public Sector
5 63 (2.97%) Analytical Skills
6 59 (2.78%) Presentation Skills
7 53 (2.50%) Banking
8 51 (2.41%) Retail
9 41 (1.93%) Legal
10 31 (1.46%) Marketing
11 30 (1.42%) Financial Institution
12 22 (1.04%) Back Office
13 19 (0.90%) Telecoms
14 17 (0.80%) Law
15 14 (0.66%) Games
16 12 (0.57%) Manufacturing
17 11 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
18 10 (0.47%) Publishing
19 9 (0.42%) Documentation Skills
19 9 (0.42%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 924 (43.61%) Developer
2 309 (14.58%) AWS Engineer
3 301 (14.20%) Architect
4 290 (13.69%) Software Engineer
5 227 (10.71%) React Developer
6 210 (9.91%) AWS Developer
7 174 (8.21%) Full Stack Developer
8 152 (7.17%) DevOps Engineer
9 140 (6.61%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 135 (6.37%) Data Engineer
11 124 (5.85%) Node.js Developer
12 120 (5.66%) JavaScript Developer
13 117 (5.52%) Java Developer
14 115 (5.43%) Python Engineer
15 111 (5.24%) Senior Developer
16 109 (5.14%) Azure Engineer
16 109 (5.14%) Solutions Architect
17 107 (5.05%) AWS Architect
18 102 (4.81%) Python Developer
19 98 (4.62%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 590 (27.84%) React
2 561 (26.47%) Node.js
3 351 (16.56%) Web Services
4 333 (15.71%) .NET
5 221 (10.43%) Material-UI
6 182 (8.59%) REST
7 165 (7.79%) AngularJS
8 149 (7.03%) GraphQL
9 144 (6.80%) Kafka
9 144 (6.80%) RESTful
10 131 (6.18%) .NET Core
11 107 (5.05%) Spring
12 103 (4.86%) CSS
13 86 (4.06%) HTML
14 75 (3.54%) Jest
15 71 (3.35%) JSON
16 69 (3.26%) Spring Boot
17 65 (3.07%) Vue.js
18 62 (2.93%) React Native
19 60 (2.83%) ARM Templates
Miscellaneous
1 152 (7.17%) Cloud Native
2 73 (3.45%) Greenfield Project
3 72 (3.40%) Data Protection Act
4 49 (2.31%) Public Cloud
5 48 (2.27%) Derivative
6 46 (2.17%) Equities
7 43 (2.03%) Data Structures
7 43 (2.03%) Fixed Income
7 43 (2.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 39 (1.84%) Data Centre
9 32 (1.51%) Legacy Systems
10 31 (1.46%) Hybrid Cloud
11 30 (1.42%) Algorithms
11 30 (1.42%) Hedge funds
11 30 (1.42%) User Experience
12 23 (1.09%) Mobile App
12 23 (1.09%) Virtual Team
13 22 (1.04%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 17 (0.80%) Linux Command Line
14 17 (0.80%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 115 (5.43%) Linux
2 108 (5.10%) Windows
3 26 (1.23%) Unix
4 16 (0.76%) Android
5 15 (0.71%) Windows Server
6 13 (0.61%) Apple iOS
7 8 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.28%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.14%) CentOS
9 3 (0.14%) Debian
10 2 (0.094%) Windows Server 2019
11 1 (0.047%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.047%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.047%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 934 (44.08%) Agile Software Development
2 752 (35.49%) DevOps
3 562 (26.52%) Software Engineering
4 533 (25.15%) Full Stack Development
5 460 (21.71%) Microservices
6 270 (12.74%) Asset Management
7 257 (12.13%) Infrastructure as Code
8 223 (10.52%) TDD
9 187 (8.82%) Analytics
10 182 (8.59%) Investment Management
11 175 (8.26%) Scrum
12 161 (7.60%) Test Automation
13 128 (6.04%) SDLC
14 123 (5.80%) Data Engineering
15 122 (5.76%) Continuous Integration
16 114 (5.38%) Unit Testing
17 108 (5.10%) Continuous Delivery
18 107 (5.05%) E-Commerce
19 102 (4.81%) Data Protection
20 98 (4.62%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 691 (32.61%) Python
2 649 (30.63%) JavaScript
3 467 (22.04%) SQL
4 460 (21.71%) TypeScript
5 429 (20.25%) Java
6 259 (12.22%) C#
7 79 (3.73%) Go
8 72 (3.40%) PowerShell
9 69 (3.26%) Bash Shell
9 69 (3.26%) Scala
10 64 (3.02%) Kotlin
11 63 (2.97%) T-SQL
12 61 (2.88%) C++
12 61 (2.88%) Java 8
13 40 (1.89%) PL/SQL
14 37 (1.75%) ES6
15 34 (1.60%) PHP
16 29 (1.37%) Ruby
17 28 (1.32%) Java 11
18 26 (1.23%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 109 (5.14%) Security Cleared
2 106 (5.00%) AWS Certification
3 89 (4.20%) Degree
4 87 (4.11%) SC Cleared
5 36 (1.70%) Computer Science Degree
6 27 (1.27%) DV Cleared
7 23 (1.09%) CISSP
8 18 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
8 18 (0.85%) PhD
9 14 (0.66%) ISEB
10 12 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
11 6 (0.28%) TOGAF Certification
12 5 (0.24%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 5 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
12 5 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
13 3 (0.14%) CCSP
13 3 (0.14%) CISA
13 3 (0.14%) CRISC
13 3 (0.14%) Master's Degree
13 3 (0.14%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 64 (3.02%) QA
2 44 (2.08%) Data Quality
3 31 (1.46%) GDPR
4 29 (1.37%) Accessibility
5 14 (0.66%) GRC
6 8 (0.38%) NIST
7 7 (0.33%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 4 (0.19%) SLA
10 3 (0.14%) SOC 2
11 2 (0.094%) COBIT
11 2 (0.094%) Disclosure Scotland
11 2 (0.094%) HIPAA
12 1 (0.047%) Actionable Recommendations
12 1 (0.047%) HL7
12 1 (0.047%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.047%) NIST 800
12 1 (0.047%) PMO
12 1 (0.047%) WCAG
System Software
1 513 (24.21%) Docker
2 58 (2.74%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.28%) RACF
6 3 (0.14%) Postfix
6 3 (0.14%) Varnish
7 2 (0.094%) Squid
7 2 (0.094%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.047%) HDFS
8 1 (0.047%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.047%) KVM
8 1 (0.047%) qmail
8 1 (0.047%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 604 (28.50%) Terraform
2 504 (23.78%) Kubernetes
3 96 (4.53%) Ansible
4 36 (1.70%) Puppet
5 25 (1.18%) Opscode Chef
6 15 (0.71%) Grafana
6 15 (0.71%) Microsoft Intune
7 14 (0.66%) Single Sign-On
8 12 (0.57%) Prometheus
9 8 (0.38%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 6 (0.28%) Packer
10 6 (0.28%) ZABBIX
11 5 (0.24%) FortiGate
11 5 (0.24%) Istio
12 4 (0.19%) Nagios
13 2 (0.094%) Docker Swarm
13 2 (0.094%) Kibana
13 2 (0.094%) Oozie
14 1 (0.047%) Control-M
14 1 (0.047%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 172 (8.12%) Microsoft
2 155 (7.31%) Databricks
3 98 (4.62%) Oracle
4 52 (2.45%) Google
5 51 (2.41%) MuleSoft
6 37 (1.75%) Salesforce.com
7 27 (1.27%) SAP
8 26 (1.23%) Atlassian
9 23 (1.09%) BiZZdesign
10 18 (0.85%) Adobe
10 18 (0.85%) Alibaba
11 17 (0.80%) Cloudera
12 16 (0.76%) CA
13 14 (0.66%) New Relic
14 13 (0.61%) Splunk
14 13 (0.61%) VMware
15 12 (0.57%) IBM
16 11 (0.52%) WorldPay
17 9 (0.42%) AppDynamics
17 9 (0.42%) Cisco