Period
to 19 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 19 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK > England
6 months to
19 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 132 239 468
Rank change year-on-year +107 +229 +300
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,479 1,090 441
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.93% 1.15% 0.47%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.48% 4.70% 2.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,047 816 350
England median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £400 £413 £406
90th Percentile £675 £675 £625
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 1 0
England median hourly rate £72.50 £75.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.33% - -
UK median hourly rate £72.50 £58.75 -
% change year-on-year +23.40% - -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 22,824 23,174 16,116
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 29.85% 24.54% 17.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,659 16,223 11,273
England median daily rate £500 £485 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £294 £305 £275
90th Percentile £663 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 379 309 207
England median hourly rate £22.00 £17.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.71% -12.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.46 £10.98
90th Percentile £78.75 £60.59 £59.25
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £17.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year +20.00% -12.50% +7.85%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Serverless as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Serverless in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the England region over the 6 months to 19 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +63 846 £550 - 216
North of England +124 225 £475 -5.00% 57
South East +44 190 £488 -4.88% 41
North West +132 165 £475 +5.56% 41
South West +86 116 £475 +5.56% 22
Midlands +70 52 £500 +17.65% 22
East of England +65 43 £513 +0.49% 27
Yorkshire -4 42 £488 -7.14% 11
West Midlands +49 36 £475 +5.56% 9
North East +33 18 £455 -4.21% 5
East Midlands +31 16 £505 +28.25% 13
Serverless
UK

For the 6 months to 19 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Serverless.

1 989 (66.87%) AWS
2 838 (56.66%) AWS Lambda
3 594 (40.16%) Agile Software Development
4 584 (39.49%) DevOps
5 520 (35.16%) Python
6 519 (35.09%) Azure
7 459 (31.03%) Java
8 378 (25.56%) Docker
9 376 (25.42%) Microservices
10 369 (24.95%) Amazon S3
11 330 (22.31%) JavaScript
12 321 (21.70%) .NET
13 307 (20.76%) Azure Functions
14 303 (20.49%) Node.js
15 300 (20.28%) C#
16 280 (18.93%) SQL
17 274 (18.53%) Amazon EC2
18 272 (18.39%) Kubernetes
19 260 (17.58%) Terraform
20 254 (17.17%) Git (software)
21 251 (16.97%) AWS CloudFormation
22 231 (15.62%) Software Engineering
23 227 (15.35%) Finance
24 225 (15.21%) TDD
25 224 (15.15%) Web Services
25 224 (15.15%) Jenkins
26 216 (14.60%) Microsoft
27 208 (14.06%) Linux
28 200 (13.52%) Scrum
29 189 (12.78%) React

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (5.54%) Confluence
2 80 (5.41%) Apache Spark
3 71 (4.80%) Elasticsearch
4 49 (3.31%) Apache
5 19 (1.28%) nginx
5 19 (1.28%) SharePoint
6 13 (0.88%) Apache Solr
7 12 (0.81%) BizTalk Server
8 8 (0.54%) WebSphere
9 7 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
10 6 (0.41%) Apache Airflow
11 5 (0.34%) SAS
11 5 (0.34%) Tomcat
12 3 (0.20%) IIS
12 3 (0.20%) Jupyter
12 3 (0.20%) WordPress
13 2 (0.14%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 2 (0.14%) JBoss
13 2 (0.14%) NServiceBus
13 2 (0.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 12 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.14%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.068%) InfoPath
3 1 (0.068%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 55 (3.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.61%) FINCAD Analytics
3 6 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.27%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.20%) Adobe Campaign
6 2 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.068%) Fredhopper
7 1 (0.068%) Magento
7 1 (0.068%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.068%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.068%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 989 (66.87%) AWS
2 838 (56.66%) AWS Lambda
3 519 (35.09%) Azure
4 369 (24.95%) Amazon S3
5 307 (20.76%) Azure Functions
6 274 (18.53%) Amazon EC2
7 251 (16.97%) AWS CloudFormation
8 188 (12.71%) Amazon SQS
9 159 (10.75%) Amazon ECS
10 111 (7.51%) GitHub
11 110 (7.44%) Amazon Kinesis
12 109 (7.37%) Power Platform
13 99 (6.69%) PaaS
14 95 (6.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 81 (5.48%) GCP
16 77 (5.21%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 76 (5.14%) CloudFront
18 68 (4.60%) OpenShift
19 67 (4.53%) Azure Active Directory
20 61 (4.12%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 29 (1.96%) VPN
2 16 (1.08%) DNS
3 12 (0.81%) HTTP
4 9 (0.61%) Network Security
5 8 (0.54%) Firewall
5 8 (0.54%) Internet
6 6 (0.41%) Wireshark
7 5 (0.34%) DHCP
8 3 (0.20%) AMQP
8 3 (0.20%) DSL
8 3 (0.20%) FTP
8 3 (0.20%) TCP/IP
9 2 (0.14%) Intrusion Detection
9 2 (0.14%) IPsec
9 2 (0.14%) Skype
9 2 (0.14%) SNMP
9 2 (0.14%) X.509
10 1 (0.068%) MQTT
10 1 (0.068%) SMTP
10 1 (0.068%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 181 (12.24%) Amazon RDS
2 170 (11.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 135 (9.13%) Amazon Redshift
4 115 (7.78%) NoSQL
5 113 (7.64%) Data Lake
6 106 (7.17%) SQL Server
7 105 (7.10%) MySQL
8 102 (6.90%) Azure SQL Database
8 102 (6.90%) Power BI
9 87 (5.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 86 (5.81%) Cosmos DB
11 78 (5.27%) MongoDB
12 77 (5.21%) PostgreSQL
13 66 (4.46%) Big Data
14 62 (4.19%) Amazon Athena
15 60 (4.06%) Data Warehouse
16 57 (3.85%) Redis
17 55 (3.72%) Hadoop
18 47 (3.18%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 46 (3.11%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 254 (17.17%) Git (software)
2 224 (15.15%) Jenkins
3 106 (7.17%) JIRA
4 61 (4.12%) Artifactory
5 50 (3.38%) Bitbucket
6 43 (2.91%) Maven
7 41 (2.77%) CircleCI
8 38 (2.57%) TeamCity
9 34 (2.30%) Visual Studio Team System
10 32 (2.16%) RStudio
11 31 (2.10%) GitLab
11 31 (2.10%) Selenium
12 30 (2.03%) Cucumber
13 29 (1.96%) Jasmine
14 27 (1.83%) Visual Studio
15 22 (1.49%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 22 (1.49%) Mocha
16 21 (1.42%) Team Foundation Server
17 20 (1.35%) Octopus Deploy
18 18 (1.22%) Gradle
General
1 227 (15.35%) Finance
2 88 (5.95%) Front Office
3 67 (4.53%) Public Sector
4 55 (3.72%) Banking
5 39 (2.64%) Retail
6 15 (1.01%) Games
7 14 (0.95%) Marketing
8 12 (0.81%) Law
8 12 (0.81%) Telecoms
9 8 (0.54%) Advertising
9 8 (0.54%) Local Government
10 7 (0.47%) Publishing
11 6 (0.41%) Automotive
12 5 (0.34%) Financial Institution
12 5 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.20%) Electronics
13 3 (0.20%) Manufacturing
13 3 (0.20%) Music Industry
14 2 (0.14%) Investment Banking
14 2 (0.14%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 724 (48.95%) Developer
2 206 (13.93%) DevOps Engineer
3 205 (13.86%) AWS Engineer
4 170 (11.49%) Architect
4 170 (11.49%) AWS Developer
5 112 (7.57%) Senior Developer
6 101 (6.83%) .NET Developer
6 101 (6.83%) AWS DevOps
7 90 (6.09%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 89 (6.02%) Python Developer
9 88 (5.95%) Azure Developer
10 86 (5.81%) Java Developer
11 82 (5.54%) Software Engineer
12 78 (5.27%) Data Engineer
12 78 (5.27%) Full Stack Developer
13 77 (5.21%) React Developer
14 69 (4.67%) Cloud Engineer
15 68 (4.60%) Lead Developer
15 68 (4.60%) Node.js Developer
16 63 (4.26%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 321 (21.70%) .NET
2 303 (20.49%) Node.js
3 224 (15.15%) Web Services
4 189 (12.78%) React
5 133 (8.99%) .NET Core
6 119 (8.05%) AngularJS
7 111 (7.51%) REST
8 106 (7.17%) Kafka
9 94 (6.36%) RESTful
10 88 (5.95%) CSS
11 87 (5.88%) HTML
12 79 (5.34%) ASP.NET
13 63 (4.26%) ASP.NET Web API
14 60 (4.06%) JSON
15 56 (3.79%) Redux
16 53 (3.58%) .NET Framework
17 51 (3.45%) Sass
18 47 (3.18%) Spring
19 46 (3.11%) J2EE
20 41 (2.77%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 117 (7.91%) Greenfield Project
2 88 (5.95%) Enterprise Software
3 63 (4.26%) Fixed Income
4 56 (3.79%) Cloud Native
5 35 (2.37%) Analytical Skills
6 34 (2.30%) Public Cloud
7 26 (1.76%) Derivative
8 25 (1.69%) Mobile App
9 24 (1.62%) User Experience
10 22 (1.49%) Algorithms
10 22 (1.49%) Management Information System
11 21 (1.42%) Data Structures
11 21 (1.42%) Linux Command Line
12 20 (1.35%) PKI
13 16 (1.08%) Private Cloud
14 12 (0.81%) Data Centre
14 12 (0.81%) Video\Live Streaming
15 11 (0.74%) Hybrid Cloud
15 11 (0.74%) Mobile Banking
15 11 (0.74%) Smart Home
Operating Systems
1 208 (14.06%) Linux
2 96 (6.49%) Windows
3 48 (3.25%) Unix
4 28 (1.89%) Android
5 25 (1.69%) Apple iOS
6 14 (0.95%) VMS
7 11 (0.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 10 (0.68%) Ubuntu
9 8 (0.54%) Debian
10 6 (0.41%) Windows Server
11 5 (0.34%) CoreOS
11 5 (0.34%) Embedded Linux
12 4 (0.27%) CentOS
12 4 (0.27%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.068%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 594 (40.16%) Agile Software Development
2 584 (39.49%) DevOps
3 376 (25.42%) Microservices
4 231 (15.62%) Software Engineering
5 225 (15.21%) TDD
6 200 (13.52%) Scrum
7 162 (10.95%) Continuous Integration
8 118 (7.98%) Analytics
9 107 (7.23%) BDD
10 103 (6.96%) Computer Science
11 91 (6.15%) Test Automation
12 89 (6.02%) Kanban
12 89 (6.02%) Machine Learning
13 87 (5.88%) ETL
13 87 (5.88%) Open Source
14 86 (5.81%) Asset Management
14 86 (5.81%) Business Intelligence
15 83 (5.61%) Continuous Delivery
15 83 (5.61%) Infrastructure as Code
16 80 (5.41%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 520 (35.16%) Python
2 459 (31.03%) Java
3 330 (22.31%) JavaScript
4 300 (20.28%) C#
5 280 (18.93%) SQL
6 82 (5.54%) Bash Shell
7 78 (5.27%) PowerShell
7 78 (5.27%) TypeScript
8 77 (5.21%) Ruby
9 75 (5.07%) Scala
10 63 (4.26%) PHP
10 63 (4.26%) R
11 57 (3.85%) Go
12 45 (3.04%) C++
13 41 (2.77%) ES6
14 35 (2.37%) Java 8
15 32 (2.16%) T-SQL
16 25 (1.69%) Shell Script
17 22 (1.49%) C
18 18 (1.22%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 114 (7.71%) AWS Certification
2 112 (7.57%) Security Cleared
3 96 (6.49%) SC Cleared
4 75 (5.07%) Degree
5 34 (2.30%) Computer Science Degree
6 29 (1.96%) BPSS Clearance
7 17 (1.15%) DBS Check
8 11 (0.74%) Cisco Certification
9 7 (0.47%) CISM
9 7 (0.47%) CISSP
10 6 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
11 4 (0.27%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 4 (0.27%) TOGAF Certification
12 3 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
13 2 (0.14%) DV Cleared
13 2 (0.14%) ISEB
13 2 (0.14%) ISTQB
14 1 (0.068%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (2.77%) QA
2 28 (1.89%) Data Quality
3 11 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 6 (0.41%) SLA
5 5 (0.34%) GDPR
6 4 (0.27%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.14%) WCAG
8 1 (0.068%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.068%) NIST
8 1 (0.068%) RosettaNet
System Software
1 378 (25.56%) Docker
2 62 (4.19%) Active Directory
3 21 (1.42%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (0.81%) HDFS
5 6 (0.41%) Varnish
6 5 (0.34%) Apache Flume
6 5 (0.34%) vSphere
7 4 (0.27%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.20%) LXC
8 3 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
9 2 (0.14%) BusyBox
10 1 (0.068%) Firmware
10 1 (0.068%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.068%) NFS
10 1 (0.068%) XenApp
10 1 (0.068%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 272 (18.39%) Kubernetes
2 260 (17.58%) Terraform
3 139 (9.40%) Ansible
4 78 (5.27%) Opscode Chef
5 69 (4.67%) Puppet
6 37 (2.50%) Packer
7 19 (1.28%) Prometheus
8 16 (1.08%) Grafana
9 15 (1.01%) Kibana
10 11 (0.74%) Docker Swarm
10 11 (0.74%) logstash
11 10 (0.68%) Rancher
12 9 (0.61%) Nagios
13 7 (0.47%) Consul
13 7 (0.47%) MIIS
13 7 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
13 7 (0.47%) ZABBIX
14 6 (0.41%) HAProxy
15 5 (0.34%) collectd
15 5 (0.34%) Graphite
Vendors
1 216 (14.60%) Microsoft
2 72 (4.87%) Google
3 54 (3.65%) Databricks
4 50 (3.38%) Splunk
5 36 (2.43%) Oracle
6 27 (1.83%) Informatica
7 25 (1.69%) Atlassian
8 19 (1.28%) IBM
9 18 (1.22%) SAP
10 16 (1.08%) Xamarin
11 15 (1.01%) IBM Sterling
12 11 (0.74%) Ping Identity
12 11 (0.74%) Tableau
12 11 (0.74%) Teradata
13 10 (0.68%) Red Hat
13 10 (0.68%) Salesforce.com
14 9 (0.61%) Bloomberg
15 8 (0.54%) AppDynamics
16 7 (0.47%) Dynatrace
16 7 (0.47%) SaltStack