Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 70 122 159
Rank change year-on-year +52 +37 +124
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,602 779 1,471
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.27% 2.00% 1.78%
As % of the Cloud Services category 9.42% 6.41% 6.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,217 640 1,010
10th Percentile £413 £413 £413
25th Percentile £463 £475 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £543
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% +1.38% +5.85%
75th Percentile £638 £638 £613
90th Percentile £713 £731 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £550 £536
% change year-on-year -4.55% +2.56% +4.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 2
10th Percentile £26.98 " £16.35
25th Percentile £33.31 " £25.50
Median hourly rate £44.25 £45.00 £41.50
Median % change year-on-year -1.67% +8.43% -36.15%
75th Percentile £54.81 " £58.00
90th Percentile £60.93 " £67.45
UK median hourly rate £41.25 £45.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year -8.33% -10.00% -23.08%

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 16,998 12,151 23,553
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.67% 31.16% 28.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,235 8,705 16,524
10th Percentile £325 £313 £313
25th Percentile £413 £406 £410
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £505 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +1.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £600 £600 £588
90th Percentile £681 £688 £663
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 277 181 259
10th Percentile £11.25 £12.75 £12.25
25th Percentile £14.00 £16.50 £14.93
Median hourly rate £20.94 £20.00 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year +4.68% - +6.67%
75th Percentile £38.00 £34.75 £36.00
90th Percentile £62.25 £55.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £21.05 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +5.25% - +14.29%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless in England.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the England region over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +50 1,147 £550 - 327
North of England +20 117 £475 -13.64% 108
South East +6 106 £500 - 52
North West +16 73 £500 -4.76% 68
South West +9 54 £475 -21.16% 29
Midlands 0 34 £495 -1.00% 49
Yorkshire +16 31 £431 -28.13% 29
East of England +4 27 £500 -4.76% 34
West Midlands -2 26 £495 -1.00% 35
North East +4 13 £575 -5.35% 11
East Midlands +6 8 £425 -5.56% 14
Serverless
UK

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Serverless.

1 1,154 (72.03%) AWS
2 928 (57.93%) AWS Lambda
3 801 (50.00%) Agile Software Development
4 552 (34.46%) JavaScript
5 550 (34.33%) Python
6 547 (34.14%) Azure
7 497 (31.02%) Software Engineering
8 493 (30.77%) DevOps
9 452 (28.21%) Terraform
10 437 (27.28%) React
10 437 (27.28%) Node.js
11 431 (26.90%) Amazon S3
12 408 (25.47%) Docker
13 402 (25.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 402 (25.09%) Kubernetes
14 397 (24.78%) Finance
15 369 (23.03%) TypeScript
16 359 (22.41%) SQL
17 356 (22.22%) Microservices
18 337 (21.04%) Web Services
19 327 (20.41%) Java
20 320 (19.98%) Azure Functions
21 283 (17.67%) .NET
22 276 (17.23%) Amazon SQS
23 260 (16.23%) Asset Management
24 256 (15.98%) Amazon RDS
25 222 (13.86%) Front Office
26 215 (13.42%) AWS Step Functions
27 214 (13.36%) Social Skills
27 214 (13.36%) Material-UI

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 97 (6.05%) Apache
2 71 (4.43%) Apache Spark
3 59 (3.68%) Apache Airflow
4 49 (3.06%) SharePoint
5 45 (2.81%) BizTalk Server
5 45 (2.81%) Confluence
6 43 (2.68%) Elasticsearch
7 14 (0.87%) Tomcat
8 12 (0.75%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 10 (0.62%) IBM Domino
9 10 (0.62%) OpenStack
10 8 (0.50%) Apache ServiceMix
11 7 (0.44%) CMS
11 7 (0.44%) Luigi
11 7 (0.44%) WebSphere
11 7 (0.44%) WebSphere Application Server
12 6 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
12 6 (0.37%) SAS
13 5 (0.31%) NServiceBus
14 3 (0.19%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 7 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.25%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.12%) Figma
3 2 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.062%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 19 (1.19%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (1.06%) Payment Gateway
3 9 (0.56%) Shopify
4 7 (0.44%) Magento
4 7 (0.44%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.12%) Unit4 Business World
6 1 (0.062%) Aligne
6 1 (0.062%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.062%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,154 (72.03%) AWS
2 928 (57.93%) AWS Lambda
3 547 (34.14%) Azure
4 431 (26.90%) Amazon S3
5 320 (19.98%) Azure Functions
6 276 (17.23%) Amazon SQS
7 215 (13.42%) AWS Step Functions
8 192 (11.99%) GCP
9 158 (9.86%) Amazon EC2
10 147 (9.18%) AWS CloudFormation
11 134 (8.36%) PaaS
12 127 (7.93%) Azure Logic Apps
13 121 (7.55%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 104 (6.49%) Azure Storage
15 92 (5.74%) IaaS
16 89 (5.56%) GitHub
17 86 (5.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 80 (4.99%) Azure Service Bus
19 75 (4.68%) Amazon ECS
20 64 (4.00%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 25 (1.56%) Firewall
2 21 (1.31%) DNS
2 21 (1.31%) HTTP
3 18 (1.12%) Internet
4 13 (0.81%) SSL
5 10 (0.62%) VPN
6 8 (0.50%) FTP
6 8 (0.50%) SSH
6 8 (0.50%) Unified Communications
7 7 (0.44%) Network Security
8 6 (0.37%) IPsec
8 6 (0.37%) Kerberos
9 5 (0.31%) DSL
10 3 (0.19%) Cisco ASA
10 3 (0.19%) Ethernet
10 3 (0.19%) MQTT
11 2 (0.12%) 5G
11 2 (0.12%) AMQP
12 1 (0.062%) Broadband
12 1 (0.062%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 402 (25.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 256 (15.98%) Amazon RDS
3 123 (7.68%) Azure SQL Database
4 121 (7.55%) Big Data
5 110 (6.87%) MongoDB
6 95 (5.93%) NoSQL
7 93 (5.81%) PostgreSQL
8 92 (5.74%) SQL Server
9 87 (5.43%) Data Warehouse
10 86 (5.37%) Data Lake
11 66 (4.12%) MySQL
12 41 (2.56%) Amazon Redshift
12 41 (2.56%) Hadoop
13 36 (2.25%) Amazon Athena
14 28 (1.75%) Relational Database
15 26 (1.62%) Power BI
16 25 (1.56%) Redis
17 23 (1.44%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
18 20 (1.25%) Amazon Aurora
19 18 (1.12%) DB2
Development Applications
1 182 (11.36%) Git (software)
2 155 (9.68%) Jenkins
3 105 (6.55%) JIRA
4 55 (3.43%) Maven
5 43 (2.68%) JUnit
6 31 (1.94%) Visual Studio Team System
7 30 (1.87%) webpack
8 29 (1.81%) Cypress.io
9 27 (1.69%) GitLab
10 25 (1.56%) Gradle
10 25 (1.56%) SonarQube
11 24 (1.50%) Bitbucket
11 24 (1.50%) kappa
11 24 (1.50%) Selenium
12 23 (1.44%) Cucumber
13 21 (1.31%) PowerDesigner
14 20 (1.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 20 (1.25%) Postman
15 19 (1.19%) Mockito
16 15 (0.94%) Mocha
General
1 397 (24.78%) Finance
2 222 (13.86%) Front Office
3 214 (13.36%) Social Skills
4 61 (3.81%) Public Sector
5 45 (2.81%) Banking
6 39 (2.43%) Analytical Skills
7 35 (2.18%) Retail
8 33 (2.06%) Presentation Skills
9 15 (0.94%) Marketing
10 11 (0.69%) Back Office
11 10 (0.62%) Publishing
12 9 (0.56%) Legal
12 9 (0.56%) Telecoms
13 8 (0.50%) Influencing Skills
14 6 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
15 4 (0.25%) Multimedia
15 4 (0.25%) Music Industry
16 3 (0.19%) Billing
16 3 (0.19%) Electronics
16 3 (0.19%) French Language
Job Titles
1 795 (49.63%) Developer
2 260 (16.23%) React Developer
3 259 (16.17%) AWS Developer
4 211 (13.17%) Software Engineer
5 202 (12.61%) Full Stack Developer
6 186 (11.61%) Architect
7 179 (11.17%) AWS Engineer
8 148 (9.24%) JavaScript Developer
9 137 (8.55%) DevOps Engineer
10 127 (7.93%) Node.js Developer
11 107 (6.68%) Senior Developer
12 102 (6.37%) Python Developer
13 99 (6.18%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 99 (6.18%) Python Engineer
14 95 (5.93%) Data Engineer
15 88 (5.49%) Java Developer
16 75 (4.68%) Azure Developer
17 74 (4.62%) Solutions Architect
18 71 (4.43%) .NET Developer
19 61 (3.81%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 437 (27.28%) Node.js
1 437 (27.28%) React
2 337 (21.04%) Web Services
3 283 (17.67%) .NET
4 214 (13.36%) Material-UI
5 137 (8.55%) AngularJS
6 122 (7.62%) REST
7 118 (7.37%) Kafka
8 116 (7.24%) RESTful
9 96 (5.99%) GraphQL
10 87 (5.43%) CSS
11 85 (5.31%) .NET Core
12 71 (4.43%) React Native
13 65 (4.06%) HTML
14 61 (3.81%) Spring
15 54 (3.37%) JSON
16 51 (3.18%) Vue.js
17 47 (2.93%) Lambda Expressions
18 46 (2.87%) OAuth
18 46 (2.87%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 120 (7.49%) Cloud Native
2 53 (3.31%) Greenfield Project
3 42 (2.62%) User Experience
4 34 (2.12%) Data Structures
5 30 (1.87%) Derivative
5 30 (1.87%) Equities
5 30 (1.87%) Fixed Income
6 29 (1.81%) Mobile App
7 28 (1.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 27 (1.69%) Algorithms
8 27 (1.69%) Public Cloud
9 23 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
10 18 (1.12%) Blog
11 16 (1.00%) Virtual Team
12 15 (0.94%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 14 (0.87%) Management Information System
14 13 (0.81%) Data Protection Act
15 12 (0.75%) Hybrid Cloud
15 12 (0.75%) Self-Motivation
16 11 (0.69%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 100 (6.24%) Linux
2 79 (4.93%) Windows
3 15 (0.94%) CentOS
3 15 (0.94%) Ubuntu
4 14 (0.87%) Apple iOS
4 14 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 13 (0.81%) Android
6 12 (0.75%) Unix
7 3 (0.19%) Windows Server
8 2 (0.12%) Debian
8 2 (0.12%) VMS
9 1 (0.062%) Alpine Linux
9 1 (0.062%) CoreOS
9 1 (0.062%) SUSE
9 1 (0.062%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.062%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 801 (50.00%) Agile Software Development
2 497 (31.02%) Software Engineering
3 493 (30.77%) DevOps
4 356 (22.22%) Microservices
5 260 (16.23%) Asset Management
6 179 (11.17%) Investment Management
7 174 (10.86%) TDD
8 149 (9.30%) Scrum
9 144 (8.99%) SDLC
10 137 (8.55%) Test Automation
11 120 (7.49%) Analytics
12 113 (7.05%) Data Engineering
13 109 (6.80%) Infrastructure as Code
14 102 (6.37%) BDD
15 98 (6.12%) Continuous Integration
16 81 (5.06%) Unit Testing
17 79 (4.93%) Web Application Development
18 77 (4.81%) ETL
19 76 (4.74%) Migration
20 75 (4.68%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 552 (34.46%) JavaScript
2 550 (34.33%) Python
3 369 (23.03%) TypeScript
4 359 (22.41%) SQL
5 327 (20.41%) Java
6 187 (11.67%) C#
7 90 (5.62%) Go
8 68 (4.24%) T-SQL
9 60 (3.75%) C++
10 57 (3.56%) PowerShell
11 52 (3.25%) Bash Shell
12 51 (3.18%) Java 8
13 48 (3.00%) PL/SQL
14 45 (2.81%) Scala
15 42 (2.62%) Kotlin
16 37 (2.31%) ES6
17 26 (1.62%) PHP
18 22 (1.37%) Ruby
18 22 (1.37%) Shell Script
19 10 (0.62%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 135 (8.43%) Security Cleared
2 124 (7.74%) SC Cleared
3 63 (3.93%) AWS Certification
4 41 (2.56%) DV Cleared
5 35 (2.18%) Degree
6 14 (0.87%) Computer Science Degree
7 12 (0.75%) ISEB
8 8 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
8 8 (0.50%) PhD
9 7 (0.44%) Numerate Degree
10 4 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (0.19%) CISSP
12 2 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
12 2 (0.12%) Master's Degree
12 2 (0.12%) Postgraduate
13 1 (0.062%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
13 1 (0.062%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
13 1 (0.062%) ISSAP
13 1 (0.062%) ISSEP
13 1 (0.062%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (2.37%) QA
2 32 (2.00%) Data Quality
3 30 (1.87%) Accessibility
4 13 (0.81%) GRC
5 6 (0.37%) GDPR
5 6 (0.37%) NIST
6 3 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.12%) HIPAA
7 2 (0.12%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.12%) SLA
8 1 (0.062%) Actionable Recommendations
8 1 (0.062%) COBIT
8 1 (0.062%) HL7
8 1 (0.062%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.062%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.062%) NCSC
8 1 (0.062%) SOC 2
8 1 (0.062%) WCAG
System Software
1 408 (25.47%) Docker
2 36 (2.25%) Active Directory
3 15 (0.94%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (0.44%) Postfix
5 7 (0.44%) qmail
6 6 (0.37%) RACF
7 3 (0.19%) Varnish
8 2 (0.12%) Squid
8 2 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.062%) GlusterFS
9 1 (0.062%) HDFS
9 1 (0.062%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.062%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 452 (28.21%) Terraform
2 402 (25.09%) Kubernetes
3 110 (6.87%) Ansible
4 35 (2.18%) Opscode Chef
5 28 (1.75%) Puppet
6 13 (0.81%) Microsoft Intune
7 12 (0.75%) Single Sign-On
8 10 (0.62%) Packer
9 7 (0.44%) Grafana
10 6 (0.37%) Istio
10 6 (0.37%) Prometheus
11 5 (0.31%) Nagios
12 4 (0.25%) Knative
13 3 (0.19%) FortiGate
13 3 (0.19%) ZABBIX
14 2 (0.12%) Control-M
15 1 (0.062%) Consul
15 1 (0.062%) Data Guard
15 1 (0.062%) HAProxy
15 1 (0.062%) Salt
Vendors
1 150 (9.36%) Microsoft
2 103 (6.43%) Databricks
3 91 (5.68%) Oracle
4 69 (4.31%) MuleSoft
5 57 (3.56%) Google
6 27 (1.69%) BiZZdesign
7 22 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
8 19 (1.19%) VMware
9 17 (1.06%) Atlassian
9 17 (1.06%) IBM
10 16 (1.00%) Cloudera
10 16 (1.00%) Informatica
10 16 (1.00%) New Relic
11 15 (0.94%) Adobe
11 15 (0.94%) SAP
12 14 (0.87%) Alibaba
13 11 (0.69%) WorldPay
14 10 (0.62%) Dynatrace
14 10 (0.62%) Splunk
14 10 (0.62%) Xerox