Period
to 24 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 153 278 551
Rank change year-on-year +125 +273 +255
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,492 874 260
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.80% 0.95% 0.31%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.31% 4.39% 2.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,015 649 219
England median daily rate £535 £513 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.39% +7.89% -5.00%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £373
90th Percentile £675 £650 £600
UK median daily rate £525 £513 £475
% change year-on-year +2.44% +7.89% -5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 3 0
England median hourly rate £53.75 £65.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.31% - -
UK median hourly rate £53.75 £65.00 -
% change year-on-year -17.31% - -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 23,655 19,893 12,200
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 28.49% 21.73% 14.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,321 13,654 8,416
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £313 £308 £275
90th Percentile £660 £638 £620
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 313 274 174
England median hourly rate £24.00 £20.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% +5.26% -3.11%
10th Percentile £12.75 £12.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £63.25 £57.13 £59.20
UK median hourly rate £23.08 £19.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year +21.45% - -3.11%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Serverless as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Serverless in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Serverless in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Serverless in England

Serverless
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the England region over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +95 947 £550 - 77
South East +51 203 £500 +5.26% 12
North of England +97 126 £453 +0.56% 27
Midlands +77 84 £465 -2.11% 12
South West +26 84 £550 +10.00% 23
North West +72 83 £450 -10.00% 20
West Midlands +67 78 £464 +0.27% 8
East of England +44 47 £475 -9.52% 13
Yorkshire +28 31 £475 +11.76% 6
North East +22 12 £425 - 1
East Midlands +18 5 £575 +24.32% 4
Serverless
UK

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Serverless.

1 1,072 (71.85%) Amazon AWS
2 942 (63.14%) AWS Lambda
3 710 (47.59%) Agile Software Development
4 592 (39.68%) DevOps
5 515 (34.52%) Python
6 497 (33.31%) Java
7 488 (32.71%) Microsoft Azure
8 481 (32.24%) Docker
9 477 (31.97%) Amazon S3
10 428 (28.69%) Terraform
11 390 (26.14%) Amazon EC2
12 372 (24.93%) Microservices
13 368 (24.66%) Kubernetes
14 351 (23.53%) Finance
15 334 (22.39%) Node.js
16 327 (21.92%) JavaScript
17 320 (21.45%) Jenkins
18 313 (20.98%) Web Services
19 289 (19.37%) Amazon RDS
20 284 (19.03%) SQL
21 275 (18.43%) C#
22 270 (18.10%) Azure Functions
23 269 (18.03%) Linux
24 266 (17.83%) Software Engineering
24 266 (17.83%) AWS CloudFormation
25 250 (16.76%) .NET
26 247 (16.55%) Git (software)
27 236 (15.82%) Amazon SQS
28 229 (15.35%) TDD
29 228 (15.28%) Amazon ECS

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 129 (8.65%) Apache Spark
2 102 (6.84%) Elasticsearch
3 93 (6.23%) Confluence
4 77 (5.16%) Apache
5 26 (1.74%) Apache Solr
6 20 (1.34%) Apache Airflow
7 19 (1.27%) nginx
8 15 (1.01%) SAS
9 12 (0.80%) SharePoint
10 11 (0.74%) Cloud Foundry
11 10 (0.67%) IIS
11 10 (0.67%) WebSphere
12 9 (0.60%) BizTalk Server
12 9 (0.60%) Luigi
13 7 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 6 (0.40%) CMS
14 6 (0.40%) Jupyter
15 5 (0.34%) CoreMedia CMS
16 4 (0.27%) Tomcat
17 3 (0.20%) IBM Domino
Applications
1 5 (0.34%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.20%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.067%) InfoPath
4 1 (0.067%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 37 (2.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.47%) Fredhopper
3 5 (0.34%) Magento
3 5 (0.34%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.067%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 1,072 (71.85%) Amazon AWS
2 942 (63.14%) AWS Lambda
3 488 (32.71%) Microsoft Azure
4 477 (31.97%) Amazon S3
5 390 (26.14%) Amazon EC2
6 270 (18.10%) Azure Functions
7 266 (17.83%) AWS CloudFormation
8 236 (15.82%) Amazon SQS
9 228 (15.28%) Amazon ECS
10 164 (10.99%) Amazon Kinesis
11 152 (10.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 130 (8.71%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 123 (8.24%) OpenShift
14 105 (7.04%) Google Cloud Platform
14 105 (7.04%) PaaS
15 101 (6.77%) CloudFront
16 100 (6.70%) GitHub
17 99 (6.64%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
18 70 (4.69%) Route 53
19 69 (4.62%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 44 (2.95%) VPN
2 36 (2.41%) HTTP
3 25 (1.68%) DNS
4 23 (1.54%) Firewall
5 16 (1.07%) FTP
6 13 (0.87%) TCP/IP
7 12 (0.80%) SSL
8 10 (0.67%) Internet
9 9 (0.60%) AMQP
9 9 (0.60%) DHCP
9 9 (0.60%) IPsec
10 7 (0.47%) DMZ
10 7 (0.47%) Network Security
11 6 (0.40%) Wireshark
12 4 (0.27%) Intrusion Detection
12 4 (0.27%) WAN
13 3 (0.20%) DSL
13 3 (0.20%) tcpdump
14 2 (0.13%) MQTT
14 2 (0.13%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 289 (19.37%) Amazon RDS
2 208 (13.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 182 (12.20%) Amazon Redshift
4 152 (10.19%) NoSQL
5 140 (9.38%) SQL Server
6 138 (9.25%) Big Data
7 119 (7.98%) Cosmos DB
8 107 (7.17%) MySQL
9 95 (6.37%) MongoDB
10 94 (6.30%) Data Lake
10 94 (6.30%) Hadoop
11 89 (5.97%) Azure SQL Database
12 78 (5.23%) PostgreSQL
13 72 (4.83%) Data Warehouse
14 70 (4.69%) Redis
15 65 (4.36%) Amazon Athena
16 50 (3.35%) Relational Database
17 41 (2.75%) Apache Hive
18 37 (2.48%) Power BI
19 33 (2.21%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 320 (21.45%) Jenkins
2 247 (16.55%) Git (software)
3 145 (9.72%) Artifactory
4 126 (8.45%) JIRA
5 92 (6.17%) GitLab
6 91 (6.10%) Visual Studio Team System
7 67 (4.49%) RStudio
8 56 (3.75%) Selenium
9 45 (3.02%) TeamCity
10 44 (2.95%) Visual Studio
11 43 (2.88%) Maven
12 42 (2.82%) Bitbucket
13 32 (2.14%) CircleCI
14 30 (2.01%) webpack
15 28 (1.88%) SpecFlow
16 27 (1.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 27 (1.81%) Cucumber
16 27 (1.81%) Travis CI
17 23 (1.54%) Octopus Deploy
18 22 (1.47%) Mocha
General
1 351 (23.53%) Finance
2 79 (5.29%) Front Office
3 66 (4.42%) Retail
4 64 (4.29%) Banking
5 29 (1.94%) Marketing
6 23 (1.54%) Games
7 21 (1.41%) Law
8 20 (1.34%) Telecoms
9 19 (1.27%) Advertising
10 10 (0.67%) Manufacturing
11 9 (0.60%) Electronics
11 9 (0.60%) Publishing
12 8 (0.54%) Legal
13 7 (0.47%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.27%) Automotive
14 4 (0.27%) Investment Banking
14 4 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
15 2 (0.13%) Retail Banking
16 1 (0.067%) Local Government
16 1 (0.067%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 674 (45.17%) Developer
2 300 (20.11%) AWS Engineer
3 244 (16.35%) AWS Developer
4 232 (15.55%) DevOps Engineer
5 141 (9.45%) AWS DevOps
6 131 (8.78%) Java Developer
7 125 (8.38%) Senior Developer
8 119 (7.98%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 117 (7.84%) Architect
10 102 (6.84%) Data Engineer
11 90 (6.03%) Python Developer
12 89 (5.97%) JavaScript Developer
13 86 (5.76%) React Developer
14 80 (5.36%) Cloud Engineer
15 78 (5.23%) .NET Developer
16 74 (4.96%) Full Stack Developer
17 72 (4.83%) Software Engineer
18 65 (4.36%) Azure Developer
19 61 (4.09%) Angular Developer
20 57 (3.82%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 334 (22.39%) Node.js
2 313 (20.98%) Web Services
3 250 (16.76%) .NET
4 195 (13.07%) React
5 188 (12.60%) AngularJS
6 154 (10.32%) Kafka
7 141 (9.45%) J2EE
8 134 (8.98%) RESTful
9 109 (7.31%) .NET Core
9 109 (7.31%) REST
10 105 (7.04%) CSS
11 98 (6.57%) HTML
12 97 (6.50%) JSON
13 85 (5.70%) ASP.NET Web API
14 72 (4.83%) Spring
15 65 (4.36%) Spring Boot
16 64 (4.29%) XML
17 61 (4.09%) SOAP
18 55 (3.69%) Sass
19 50 (3.35%) Express
Miscellaneous
1 92 (6.17%) Greenfield Project
2 68 (4.56%) Analytical Skills
3 67 (4.49%) Fixed Income
4 61 (4.09%) User Experience
5 45 (3.02%) Cloud Native
6 42 (2.82%) Enterprise Software
7 28 (1.88%) Linux Command Line
8 23 (1.54%) PKI
9 22 (1.47%) Public Cloud
10 19 (1.27%) Data Centre
10 19 (1.27%) Mobile Banking
11 17 (1.14%) Enterprise Cloud
12 14 (0.94%) Mobile App
13 12 (0.80%) Analytical Mindset
13 12 (0.80%) Data Protection Act
14 11 (0.74%) Algorithms
15 10 (0.67%) Self-Motivation
16 9 (0.60%) Data Structures
16 9 (0.60%) Life Science
17 7 (0.47%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 269 (18.03%) Linux
2 94 (6.30%) Windows
3 61 (4.09%) Unix
4 21 (1.41%) Ubuntu
5 15 (1.01%) Apple iOS
6 14 (0.94%) Android
6 14 (0.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 11 (0.74%) CentOS
8 10 (0.67%) Windows Server
9 8 (0.54%) Debian
10 5 (0.34%) Amazon Linux
11 4 (0.27%) VMS
12 3 (0.20%) Fedora
12 3 (0.20%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
14 1 (0.067%) Mesosphere
14 1 (0.067%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 710 (47.59%) Agile Software Development
2 592 (39.68%) DevOps
3 372 (24.93%) Microservices
4 266 (17.83%) Software Engineering
5 229 (15.35%) TDD
6 219 (14.68%) Continuous Integration
7 195 (13.07%) Scrum
8 148 (9.92%) Asset Management
9 140 (9.38%) Analytics
10 133 (8.91%) Open Source
11 114 (7.64%) Test Automation
12 113 (7.57%) BDD
13 108 (7.24%) Continuous Delivery
14 101 (6.77%) Decision-Making
15 100 (6.70%) Fintech
16 96 (6.43%) Infrastructure as Code
16 96 (6.43%) Problem-Solving
17 88 (5.90%) Migration
18 87 (5.83%) Configuration Management
19 86 (5.76%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 515 (34.52%) Python
2 497 (33.31%) Java
3 327 (21.92%) JavaScript
4 284 (19.03%) SQL
5 275 (18.43%) C#
6 118 (7.91%) PowerShell
7 98 (6.57%) Bash Shell
8 92 (6.17%) ES6
9 83 (5.56%) TypeScript
10 73 (4.89%) Scala
11 68 (4.56%) Ruby
12 57 (3.82%) Java 8
13 42 (2.82%) T-SQL
14 40 (2.68%) Go
15 25 (1.68%) ES7
16 24 (1.61%) C++
17 23 (1.54%) Shell Script
17 23 (1.54%) U-SQL
18 20 (1.34%) C
19 18 (1.21%) PHP
Qualifications
1 121 (8.11%) AWS Certification
2 52 (3.49%) Security Cleared
3 41 (2.75%) SC Cleared
4 35 (2.35%) Degree
5 19 (1.27%) Computer Science Degree
6 7 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
6 7 (0.47%) TOGAF Certification
7 6 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
8 5 (0.34%) CISSP
8 5 (0.34%) ISEB
8 5 (0.34%) ISTQB
8 5 (0.34%) PhD
9 4 (0.27%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.27%) CISM
9 4 (0.27%) CREST Certified
10 3 (0.20%) MCSE
11 1 (0.067%) CCNP
11 1 (0.067%) MCAD
11 1 (0.067%) MCP
11 1 (0.067%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (2.14%) QA
2 9 (0.60%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.54%) NIST
4 7 (0.47%) PCI DSS
5 6 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (0.34%) GDPR
7 4 (0.27%) PSD2
8 3 (0.20%) SLA
9 2 (0.13%) NCSC
10 1 (0.067%) COBIT
10 1 (0.067%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.067%) PMO
10 1 (0.067%) WCAG
System Software
1 481 (32.24%) Docker
2 64 (4.29%) Active Directory
3 23 (1.54%) HDFS
4 17 (1.14%) Apache Flume
5 11 (0.74%) Squid
6 8 (0.54%) Snort
6 8 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
8 6 (0.40%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.40%) LXC
9 5 (0.34%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 428 (28.69%) Terraform
2 368 (24.66%) Kubernetes
3 212 (14.21%) Ansible
4 109 (7.31%) Puppet
5 88 (5.90%) Opscode Chef
6 32 (2.14%) Packer
7 21 (1.41%) Kibana
8 17 (1.14%) Grafana
9 16 (1.07%) Graphite
10 11 (0.74%) logstash
11 10 (0.67%) HAProxy
12 9 (0.60%) Mesos
13 8 (0.54%) FortiGate
13 8 (0.54%) Single Sign-On
14 6 (0.40%) Istio
14 6 (0.40%) rkt
15 5 (0.34%) Consul
15 5 (0.34%) Nessus
15 5 (0.34%) Prometheus
16 4 (0.27%) Nagios
Vendors
1 175 (11.73%) Microsoft
2 76 (5.09%) Google
3 51 (3.42%) Atlassian
4 42 (2.82%) SAP
4 42 (2.82%) Splunk
5 30 (2.01%) IBM
6 27 (1.81%) MuleSoft
7 26 (1.74%) Databricks
8 25 (1.68%) Informatica
9 24 (1.61%) Oracle
10 22 (1.47%) IBM Sterling
11 17 (1.14%) Red Hat
12 11 (0.74%) New Relic
13 10 (0.67%) Black Duck
13 10 (0.67%) Salesforce.com
14 9 (0.60%) Dynatrace
14 9 (0.60%) Ping Identity
14 9 (0.60%) VMware
14 9 (0.60%) Xamarin
15 8 (0.54%) Facebook