Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for AWS CloudFormation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS CloudFormation over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS CloudFormation
UK > England
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 252 256 317
Rank change year-on-year +4 +61 +50
Contract jobs citing AWS CloudFormation 747 266 661
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.11% 0.99% 0.86%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.12% 3.09% 2.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 515 212 439
10th Percentile £425 £405 £424
25th Percentile £497 £450 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £550
75th Percentile £638 £600 £625
90th Percentile £713 £650 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 1
Median hourly rate £35.00 - £16.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - £16.00

AWS CloudFormation is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 23,932 8,618 22,791
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.52% 32.12% 29.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,352 6,132 16,040
10th Percentile £325 £313 £295
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £588
90th Percentile £700 £688 £663
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 409 114 318
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.48 £13.25
25th Percentile £14.13 £16.81 £16.25
Median hourly rate £20.00 £21.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -6.98% +2.38% +20.00%
75th Percentile £43.75 £39.38 £41.94
90th Percentile £65.30 £55.00 £71.25
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £21.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year -2.33% +4.88% +17.14%

AWS CloudFormation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing AWS CloudFormation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for AWS CloudFormation in England

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS CloudFormation in England.

Daily rate trend for AWS CloudFormation in England

AWS CloudFormation
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS CloudFormation in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for AWS CloudFormation in England

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS CloudFormation in England.

Hourly rate trend for AWS CloudFormation in England

AWS CloudFormation
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS CloudFormation within the England region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 459 £575 +4.55% 162
North of England -89 72 £525 +16.67% 59
North West -63 65 £525 +16.67% 33
Midlands -46 35 £515 +14.44% 19
South East -87 35 £525 -2.33% 16
South West - 35 £550 - 13
East of England -18 28 £600 +17.07% 19
West Midlands -41 24 £536 +19.17% 15
East Midlands - 10 £465 - 4
Yorkshire -47 5 £550 +10.00% 22
North East -13 2 £488 +2.63% 4
AWS CloudFormation
UK

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing AWS CloudFormation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for AWS CloudFormation.

1 665 (89.02%) AWS
2 520 (69.61%) DevOps
3 469 (62.78%) Terraform
4 383 (51.27%) Python
5 332 (44.44%) Infrastructure as Code
6 324 (43.37%) Serverless
7 294 (39.36%) Azure
8 269 (36.01%) Docker
9 248 (33.20%) Kubernetes
9 248 (33.20%) AWS Lambda
10 236 (31.59%) Jenkins
11 231 (30.92%) Agile Software Development
12 209 (27.98%) Ansible
13 208 (27.84%) Java
14 166 (22.22%) Linux
15 164 (21.95%) Git (software)
16 161 (21.55%) Bash Shell
17 150 (20.08%) PowerShell
18 144 (19.28%) Amazon EC2
19 135 (18.07%) JavaScript
20 129 (17.27%) Amazon S3
21 127 (17.00%) Finance
22 126 (16.87%) GCP
23 117 (15.66%) Microservices
24 102 (13.65%) Web Services
25 98 (13.12%) Opscode Chef
26 96 (12.85%) Configuration Management
27 93 (12.45%) Puppet
28 91 (12.18%) Amazon ECS
28 91 (12.18%) Social Skills

AWS CloudFormation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (3.48%) Confluence
2 23 (3.08%) Elasticsearch
3 15 (2.01%) nginx
3 15 (2.01%) OpenStack
4 13 (1.74%) Apache Spark
5 8 (1.07%) Apache
5 8 (1.07%) SAS
5 8 (1.07%) Traefik
6 4 (0.54%) Apache Airflow
6 4 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 4 (0.54%) Tomcat
7 3 (0.40%) CMS
7 3 (0.40%) IBM Domino
7 3 (0.40%) JBoss
8 2 (0.27%) Cloud Foundry
8 2 (0.27%) IIS
8 2 (0.27%) SharePoint
8 2 (0.27%) WebLogic
9 1 (0.13%) Luigi
Business Applications
1 10 (1.34%) Cloudability
2 6 (0.80%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.27%) Magento
4 1 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.13%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 665 (89.02%) AWS
2 324 (43.37%) Serverless
3 294 (39.36%) Azure
4 248 (33.20%) AWS Lambda
5 144 (19.28%) Amazon EC2
6 129 (17.27%) Amazon S3
7 126 (16.87%) GCP
8 91 (12.18%) Amazon ECS
9 90 (12.05%) Amazon SQS
9 90 (12.05%) GitHub
10 82 (10.98%) AWS CodePipeline
11 81 (10.84%) PaaS
12 77 (10.31%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 72 (9.64%) Amazon EKS
14 63 (8.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 62 (8.30%) IaaS
16 38 (5.09%) AWS CodeDeploy
17 36 (4.82%) AWS Fargate
18 34 (4.55%) CloudFront
19 31 (4.15%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 29 (3.88%) Network Security
2 28 (3.75%) Firewall
3 27 (3.61%) DNS
4 19 (2.54%) TCP/IP
5 17 (2.28%) HTTP
6 13 (1.74%) Internet
6 13 (1.74%) LAN
6 13 (1.74%) WAN
7 8 (1.07%) VPN
8 7 (0.94%) SSL
9 6 (0.80%) IPv4
10 2 (0.27%) 5G
10 2 (0.27%) BGP
10 2 (0.27%) Broadband
10 2 (0.27%) DVB
10 2 (0.27%) Kerberos
10 2 (0.27%) OSPF
10 2 (0.27%) tcpdump
10 2 (0.27%) VLAN
11 1 (0.13%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (11.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 71 (9.50%) Amazon RDS
3 47 (6.29%) PostgreSQL
4 41 (5.49%) NoSQL
5 33 (4.42%) SQL Server
6 32 (4.28%) Amazon Redshift
7 29 (3.88%) Data Lake
8 25 (3.35%) Relational Database
9 23 (3.08%) Amazon Athena
10 22 (2.95%) Big Data
11 21 (2.81%) MySQL
12 14 (1.87%) MongoDB
13 11 (1.47%) RDBMS
13 11 (1.47%) SQL Server 2016
14 10 (1.34%) Apache Cassandra
14 10 (1.34%) SQL Server 2019
15 9 (1.20%) Data Warehouse
15 9 (1.20%) DataStax
15 9 (1.20%) Oracle Database
16 8 (1.07%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 236 (31.59%) Jenkins
2 164 (21.95%) Git (software)
3 83 (11.11%) GitLab
4 62 (8.30%) TeamCity
5 48 (6.43%) Maven
6 46 (6.16%) JIRA
7 42 (5.62%) CircleCI
8 38 (5.09%) Gradle
9 22 (2.95%) Mocha
10 21 (2.81%) Bitbucket
11 18 (2.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 16 (2.14%) Octopus Deploy
12 16 (2.14%) Subversion
13 15 (2.01%) JUnit
14 14 (1.87%) Selenium
14 14 (1.87%) Sonatype Nexus
14 14 (1.87%) Travis CI
15 13 (1.74%) Cucumber
16 12 (1.61%) SonarQube
16 12 (1.61%) Terragrunt
General
1 127 (17.00%) Finance
2 91 (12.18%) Social Skills
3 49 (6.56%) Public Sector
4 42 (5.62%) Financial Institution
5 40 (5.35%) Legal
6 22 (2.95%) Retail
7 19 (2.54%) Banking
8 16 (2.14%) Law
9 15 (2.01%) Analytical Skills
10 11 (1.47%) Presentation Skills
11 9 (1.20%) Games
12 7 (0.94%) Publishing
13 6 (0.80%) Investment Banking
14 5 (0.67%) Music Industry
15 4 (0.54%) Avionics
16 3 (0.40%) Front Office
17 2 (0.27%) Marketing
17 2 (0.27%) Telecoms
18 1 (0.13%) Advertising
18 1 (0.13%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 209 (27.98%) DevOps Engineer
2 178 (23.83%) AWS Engineer
3 139 (18.61%) Architect
4 135 (18.07%) Developer
5 123 (16.47%) Cloud Engineer
6 92 (12.32%) AWS DevOps
7 81 (10.84%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 71 (9.50%) Cloud Architect
9 65 (8.70%) AWS Architect
10 40 (5.35%) Azure Architect
11 39 (5.22%) Platform Engineer
12 31 (4.15%) Solutions Architect
13 30 (4.02%) AWS Developer
14 29 (3.88%) Azure Engineer
14 29 (3.88%) Security Architect
15 28 (3.75%) Node.js Developer
16 24 (3.21%) Software Engineer
17 23 (3.08%) Full Stack Developer
18 22 (2.95%) Data Engineer
19 21 (2.81%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 102 (13.65%) Web Services
2 87 (11.65%) Node.js
3 57 (7.63%) .NET
4 53 (7.10%) REST
5 51 (6.83%) React
6 40 (5.35%) Jest
7 32 (4.28%) Spring
8 31 (4.15%) AngularJS
9 28 (3.75%) JSON
9 28 (3.75%) Kafka
10 27 (3.61%) .NET Core
11 25 (3.35%) CSS
11 25 (3.35%) Elastic Stack
11 25 (3.35%) YAML
12 24 (3.21%) HTML
13 23 (3.08%) Lambda Expressions
14 19 (2.54%) Spring Boot
15 18 (2.41%) ADO
16 16 (2.14%) Express
16 16 (2.14%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 76 (10.17%) Cloud Native
2 65 (8.70%) Public Cloud
3 51 (6.83%) Data Centre
4 44 (5.89%) Hedge funds
5 27 (3.61%) Linux Command Line
6 20 (2.68%) Hybrid Cloud
7 16 (2.14%) Enterprise Cloud
8 15 (2.01%) Clustering
8 15 (2.01%) Greenfield Project
9 12 (1.61%) PKI
10 11 (1.47%) Data Protection Act
11 9 (1.20%) Algorithms
11 9 (1.20%) Enterprise Software
12 8 (1.07%) Data Structures
12 8 (1.07%) Legacy Systems
13 7 (0.94%) Mobile App
14 6 (0.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 6 (0.80%) Self-Motivation
15 5 (0.67%) Derivative
15 5 (0.67%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 166 (22.22%) Linux
2 85 (11.38%) Windows
3 30 (4.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 29 (3.88%) Unix
5 12 (1.61%) Windows Server
6 10 (1.34%) CentOS
7 6 (0.80%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.40%) AIX
9 2 (0.27%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 520 (69.61%) DevOps
2 332 (44.44%) Infrastructure as Code
3 231 (30.92%) Agile Software Development
4 117 (15.66%) Microservices
5 96 (12.85%) Configuration Management
6 86 (11.51%) Continuous Integration
7 78 (10.44%) Migration
8 75 (10.04%) Software Engineering
9 72 (9.64%) Open Source
10 67 (8.97%) Scrum
11 64 (8.57%) Analytics
12 56 (7.50%) Task Automation
13 50 (6.69%) Data Protection
14 48 (6.43%) Continuous Delivery
15 46 (6.16%) Test Automation
16 44 (5.89%) Collaborative Working
16 44 (5.89%) Project Delivery
16 44 (5.89%) TDD
17 43 (5.76%) OO
18 41 (5.49%) Infrastructure Automation
Programming Languages
1 383 (51.27%) Python
2 208 (27.84%) Java
3 161 (21.55%) Bash Shell
4 150 (20.08%) PowerShell
5 135 (18.07%) JavaScript
6 75 (10.04%) C#
7 60 (8.03%) TypeScript
8 59 (7.90%) SQL
9 48 (6.43%) Go
10 43 (5.76%) C++
11 35 (4.69%) C
12 26 (3.48%) Ruby
13 22 (2.95%) Groovy
14 17 (2.28%) Shell Script
15 15 (2.01%) PHP
16 13 (1.74%) Java 8
16 13 (1.74%) Scala
17 9 (1.20%) Perl
17 9 (1.20%) PL/SQL
18 5 (0.67%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 67 (8.97%) Security Cleared
2 55 (7.36%) SC Cleared
3 50 (6.69%) AWS Certification
4 45 (6.02%) Degree
5 18 (2.41%) Computer Science Degree
6 15 (2.01%) CISSP
7 11 (1.47%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.40%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.13%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.13%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (5.62%) GDPR
2 9 (1.20%) SLA
3 8 (1.07%) NCSC
4 7 (0.94%) QA
5 3 (0.40%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.27%) PSD2
6 2 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.13%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.13%) SOC 1
7 1 (0.13%) SOC 2
System Software
1 269 (36.01%) Docker
2 31 (4.15%) VMware Infrastructure
3 23 (3.08%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.27%) LXC
4 2 (0.27%) Squid
5 1 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 469 (62.78%) Terraform
2 248 (33.20%) Kubernetes
3 209 (27.98%) Ansible
4 98 (13.12%) Opscode Chef
5 93 (12.45%) Puppet
6 42 (5.62%) Packer
7 38 (5.09%) Docker Swarm
8 33 (4.42%) Grafana
9 32 (4.28%) Prometheus
10 21 (2.81%) Consul
11 20 (2.68%) Nagios
12 14 (1.87%) Rancher
13 12 (1.61%) Istio
13 12 (1.61%) ZABBIX
14 9 (1.20%) HAProxy
15 8 (1.07%) Graphite
15 8 (1.07%) linkerd
16 5 (0.67%) Salt
17 4 (0.54%) SCCM
18 3 (0.40%) HP SiteScope
Vendors
1 62 (8.30%) Microsoft
2 37 (4.95%) Splunk
2 37 (4.95%) VMware
3 31 (4.15%) Google
4 26 (3.48%) Oracle
5 21 (2.81%) Databricks
6 11 (1.47%) New Relic
6 11 (1.47%) PagerDuty
6 11 (1.47%) Red Hat
6 11 (1.47%) TOWER Software
7 10 (1.34%) SolarWinds
8 8 (1.07%) AppDynamics
8 8 (1.07%) Salesforce.com
9 6 (0.80%) MuleSoft
10 5 (0.67%) ATG
10 5 (0.67%) Cloudera
10 5 (0.67%) IBM
11 4 (0.54%) Alibaba
12 3 (0.40%) Perforce
12 3 (0.40%) SaltStack