Period
to 25 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 25 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 21 50 65
Rank change year-on-year +29 +15 +124
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 2,325 2,812 3,404
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 6.71% 4.32% 3.73%
As % of the Systems Management category 41.03% 29.93% 24.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,160 2,219 2,618
Median daily rate £525 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% - +0.92%
10th Percentile £400 £413 £425
90th Percentile £700 £700 £694
UK median daily rate £525 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -4.55% - +2.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 9 2
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £55.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -19.16% +39.16%
10th Percentile £31.20 £37.50 £49.00
90th Percentile £68.00 £68.60 £62.33
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £47.33
% change year-on-year -5.56% -4.92% +18.33%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 5,667 9,394 13,628
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 16.35% 14.43% 14.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,990 6,548 9,380
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £313 £263 £313
90th Percentile £656 £675 £660
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 112 238 316
Median hourly rate £23.00 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +31.43% - +7.92%
10th Percentile £12.71 £12.44 £12.00
90th Percentile £60.23 £45.60 £45.05
Median hourly rate £24.47 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +35.92% +2.86% +4.07%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 25 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 25 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the England region over the 6 months to 25 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +15 1,559 £550 -4.35% 601
South East +46 196 £500 - 113
North of England +19 187 £500 - 224
South West +25 116 £450 -18.18% 48
North West +19 108 £500 -4.76% 126
East of England +62 71 £525 +5.00% 55
Yorkshire +24 64 £475 -6.22% 86
Midlands +25 52 £432 -13.60% 74
West Midlands +40 33 £425 -15.00% 50
East Midlands +12 19 £480 +12.94% 23
North East -8 15 £450 +4.65% 12
Kubernetes
UK

For the 6 months to 25 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 1,565 (67.31%) Docker
2 1,139 (48.99%) DevOps
3 1,063 (45.72%) AWS
4 930 (40.00%) Agile Software Development
5 911 (39.18%) Java
6 893 (38.41%) Terraform
7 785 (33.76%) Python
8 775 (33.33%) Azure
9 713 (30.67%) Microservices
10 594 (25.55%) Linux
11 557 (23.96%) Jenkins
12 481 (20.69%) Finance
13 477 (20.52%) Ansible
14 443 (19.05%) Node.js
15 441 (18.97%) GCP
16 435 (18.71%) JavaScript
17 411 (17.68%) Software Engineering
18 388 (16.69%) Git (software)
19 368 (15.83%) Security Cleared
20 362 (15.57%) React
21 307 (13.20%) Spring
22 305 (13.12%) Web Services
23 303 (13.03%) SC Cleared
24 302 (12.99%) SQL
25 285 (12.26%) Infrastructure as Code
26 270 (11.61%) TDD
27 255 (10.97%) Kafka
28 254 (10.92%) Test Automation
29 250 (10.75%) Banking
29 250 (10.75%) Serverless

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 123 (5.29%) Elasticsearch
2 122 (5.25%) Apache
3 94 (4.04%) Confluence
4 89 (3.83%) Apache Spark
5 73 (3.14%) Mule
6 42 (1.81%) nginx
7 36 (1.55%) OpenStack
8 33 (1.42%) JBoss
9 23 (0.99%) Cloud Foundry
10 20 (0.86%) BizTalk Server
11 18 (0.77%) Red Hat Fuse
12 15 (0.65%) Camunda
13 14 (0.60%) Tomcat
14 11 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 10 (0.43%) Jupyter
16 9 (0.39%) WebSphere
17 8 (0.34%) IIS
17 8 (0.34%) SharePoint
18 6 (0.26%) IBM Domino
18 6 (0.26%) NetWeaver
Applications
1 5 (0.22%) Chatbot
2 3 (0.13%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.086%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.043%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 4 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
2 3 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.086%) Magento
3 2 (0.086%) R3 Corda
3 2 (0.086%) SAP FI-CA
3 2 (0.086%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.043%) Maximo
4 1 (0.043%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.043%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.043%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.043%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.043%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.043%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,063 (45.72%) AWS
2 775 (33.33%) Azure
3 441 (18.97%) GCP
4 250 (10.75%) Serverless
5 195 (8.39%) OpenShift
6 185 (7.96%) AWS Lambda
7 150 (6.45%) GitHub
8 142 (6.11%) Amazon S3
9 134 (5.76%) Amazon EKS
10 107 (4.60%) PaaS
11 106 (4.56%) AWS CloudFormation
12 105 (4.52%) Amazon SQS
13 99 (4.26%) Amazon ECS
14 79 (3.40%) IaaS
15 77 (3.31%) Apigee
16 73 (3.14%) AWS Step Functions
17 72 (3.10%) Amazon EC2
18 66 (2.84%) SaaS
19 61 (2.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 53 (2.28%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 86 (3.70%) Firewall
2 56 (2.41%) DNS
3 39 (1.68%) HTTP
4 34 (1.46%) VPN
5 32 (1.38%) TCP/IP
6 19 (0.82%) Internet
7 18 (0.77%) DHCP
7 18 (0.77%) Reverse Proxy
7 18 (0.77%) SNMP
7 18 (0.77%) SSL
7 18 (0.77%) WAN
8 16 (0.69%) Network Security
8 16 (0.69%) VLAN
9 13 (0.56%) HTTPS
9 13 (0.56%) Kerberos
10 12 (0.52%) BGP
10 12 (0.52%) Software-Defined Networking
11 11 (0.47%) Calico
11 11 (0.47%) MPLS
12 10 (0.43%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 172 (7.40%) PostgreSQL
2 149 (6.41%) Amazon RDS
3 133 (5.72%) NoSQL
4 123 (5.29%) MongoDB
4 123 (5.29%) SQL Server
5 121 (5.20%) MySQL
6 118 (5.08%) Relational Database
7 110 (4.73%) Big Data
8 90 (3.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 76 (3.27%) Hadoop
10 51 (2.19%) Amazon Redshift
11 49 (2.11%) Azure SQL Database
12 45 (1.94%) BigQuery
13 41 (1.76%) Apache Hive
14 36 (1.55%) Apache Cassandra
14 36 (1.55%) Apache Ignite
15 33 (1.42%) Redis
16 28 (1.20%) Cosmos DB
17 24 (1.03%) Data Warehouse
18 21 (0.90%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 557 (23.96%) Jenkins
2 388 (16.69%) Git (software)
3 225 (9.68%) GitLab
4 177 (7.61%) JIRA
5 139 (5.98%) Maven
6 98 (4.22%) Artifactory
7 76 (3.27%) Cucumber
8 67 (2.88%) JUnit
8 67 (2.88%) Selenium
9 66 (2.84%) Sonatype Nexus
10 56 (2.41%) SonarQube
11 50 (2.15%) TeamCity
12 49 (2.11%) Gradle
13 42 (1.81%) CircleCI
14 38 (1.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 35 (1.51%) Mockito
16 34 (1.46%) Bitbucket
17 31 (1.33%) Subversion
18 26 (1.12%) webpack
19 21 (0.90%) JMeter
General
1 481 (20.69%) Finance
2 250 (10.75%) Banking
3 236 (10.15%) Front Office
4 113 (4.86%) Public Sector
5 55 (2.37%) Telecoms
6 41 (1.76%) Marketing
6 41 (1.76%) Retail
7 37 (1.59%) Investment Banking
8 26 (1.12%) Law
9 23 (0.99%) Electronics
9 23 (0.99%) Manufacturing
10 19 (0.82%) Back Office
11 16 (0.69%) Games
12 15 (0.65%) Automotive
13 11 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
14 10 (0.43%) Financial Institution
15 8 (0.34%) Advertising
15 8 (0.34%) Billing
15 8 (0.34%) Publishing
16 7 (0.30%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 859 (36.95%) Developer
2 570 (24.52%) DevOps Engineer
3 336 (14.45%) Java Developer
4 208 (8.95%) AWS Engineer
5 182 (7.83%) AWS DevOps
6 165 (7.10%) Architect
7 151 (6.49%) AWS Developer
8 148 (6.37%) React Developer
9 140 (6.02%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 126 (5.42%) Cloud Engineer
11 121 (5.20%) Full Stack Developer
12 120 (5.16%) Software Engineer
13 116 (4.99%) Azure Engineer
14 112 (4.82%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 110 (4.73%) Senior Developer
16 83 (3.57%) Python Developer
17 78 (3.35%) Azure DevOps Engineer
18 76 (3.27%) Java Engineer
19 75 (3.23%) Node.js Developer
19 75 (3.23%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 443 (19.05%) Node.js
2 362 (15.57%) React
3 307 (13.20%) Spring
4 305 (13.12%) Web Services
5 255 (10.97%) Kafka
6 207 (8.90%) REST
7 197 (8.47%) Spring Boot
8 158 (6.80%) .NET
9 120 (5.16%) RESTful
10 106 (4.56%) gRPC
10 106 (4.56%) Middleware
11 104 (4.47%) Elastic Stack
12 102 (4.39%) AngularJS
13 91 (3.91%) .NET Core
14 89 (3.83%) CSS
15 86 (3.70%) JSON
16 80 (3.44%) HTML
17 78 (3.35%) GraphQL
18 73 (3.14%) Swagger
19 72 (3.10%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 161 (6.92%) Greenfield Project
2 133 (5.72%) Cloud Native
3 88 (3.78%) User Experience
4 82 (3.53%) Public Cloud
5 75 (3.23%) Fixed Income
6 66 (2.84%) Analytical Skills
6 66 (2.84%) Data Centre
7 56 (2.41%) Derivative
8 52 (2.24%) Private Cloud
9 49 (2.11%) Equities
10 41 (1.76%) Hedge funds
11 35 (1.51%) Linux Command Line
12 33 (1.42%) Self-Motivation
13 26 (1.12%) Hybrid Cloud
14 25 (1.08%) Enterprise Software
15 23 (0.99%) Algorithms
15 23 (0.99%) Management Information System
16 22 (0.95%) iPad
17 21 (0.90%) Data Structures
18 19 (0.82%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 594 (25.55%) Linux
2 177 (7.61%) Unix
3 160 (6.88%) Windows
4 64 (2.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 53 (2.28%) CentOS
6 48 (2.06%) Windows Server
7 30 (1.29%) Ubuntu
8 28 (1.20%) Windows Server 2016
9 20 (0.86%) Mac OS X
10 17 (0.73%) Android
11 16 (0.69%) Apple iOS
12 15 (0.65%) Windows 10
13 11 (0.47%) Windows Server 2008
14 9 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
15 8 (0.34%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 8 (0.34%) Windows Server 2019
16 7 (0.30%) Solaris
16 7 (0.30%) VMS
17 6 (0.26%) AIX
17 6 (0.26%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,139 (48.99%) DevOps
2 930 (40.00%) Agile Software Development
3 713 (30.67%) Microservices
4 411 (17.68%) Software Engineering
5 285 (12.26%) Infrastructure as Code
6 270 (11.61%) TDD
7 254 (10.92%) Test Automation
8 227 (9.76%) Scrum
9 200 (8.60%) Asset Management
10 198 (8.52%) Continuous Integration
11 180 (7.74%) Investment Management
12 161 (6.92%) Continuous Delivery
13 155 (6.67%) BDD
14 145 (6.24%) Continuous Deployment
15 140 (6.02%) Configuration Management
16 127 (5.46%) Migration
17 103 (4.43%) Deployment Automation
18 97 (4.17%) Mentoring
19 93 (4.00%) Open Source
20 89 (3.83%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 911 (39.18%) Java
2 785 (33.76%) Python
3 435 (18.71%) JavaScript
4 302 (12.99%) SQL
5 241 (10.37%) Bash Shell
6 193 (8.30%) TypeScript
7 192 (8.26%) Go
8 191 (8.22%) C#
9 175 (7.53%) Java 8
10 136 (5.85%) PowerShell
11 122 (5.25%) Kotlin
12 113 (4.86%) Scala
13 95 (4.09%) Ruby
14 83 (3.57%) Perl
15 81 (3.48%) C++
16 64 (2.75%) Shell Script
17 51 (2.19%) PHP
18 42 (1.81%) Groovy
19 40 (1.72%) PL/SQL
20 37 (1.59%) ES6
Qualifications
1 368 (15.83%) Security Cleared
2 303 (13.03%) SC Cleared
3 103 (4.43%) Degree
4 33 (1.42%) DV Cleared
5 32 (1.38%) AWS Certification
6 19 (0.82%) Computer Science Degree
7 18 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
8 13 (0.56%) Master's Degree
9 11 (0.47%) Sun Certification
10 8 (0.34%) CCNA
10 8 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
10 8 (0.34%) DBS Check
11 7 (0.30%) CCA
11 7 (0.30%) RHCE
12 6 (0.26%) TOGAF Certification
13 5 (0.22%) ISEB
13 5 (0.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 5 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
14 4 (0.17%) CCNP
14 4 (0.17%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (1.25%) QA
2 19 (0.82%) SLA
3 12 (0.52%) PCI DSS
4 10 (0.43%) NIST
5 9 (0.39%) GDPR
5 9 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 8 (0.34%) OASIS TOSCA
7 6 (0.26%) COBIT
8 4 (0.17%) Data Quality
8 4 (0.17%) HIPAA
9 3 (0.13%) RMADS
9 3 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.086%) ISO 20022
10 2 (0.086%) PSD2
10 2 (0.086%) WCAG
11 1 (0.043%) Cyber Essentials
11 1 (0.043%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.043%) Government Security Classifications
11 1 (0.043%) IFRS
11 1 (0.043%) NCSC
System Software
1 1,565 (67.31%) Docker
2 99 (4.26%) VMware Infrastructure
3 51 (2.19%) Active Directory
4 39 (1.68%) Virtual Machines
5 37 (1.59%) VMware ESXi
6 31 (1.33%) VMware NSX
7 21 (0.90%) vSphere
8 20 (0.86%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 18 (0.77%) KVM
10 15 (0.65%) HDFS
10 15 (0.65%) NFS
11 14 (0.60%) Hyper-V
12 11 (0.47%) LXC
13 8 (0.34%) Xen
14 5 (0.22%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
15 4 (0.17%) Ceph
15 4 (0.17%) Varnish
16 3 (0.13%) vCloud
17 2 (0.086%) Apache Flume
17 2 (0.086%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 893 (38.41%) Terraform
2 477 (20.52%) Ansible
3 185 (7.96%) Puppet
4 159 (6.84%) Opscode Chef
5 120 (5.16%) Prometheus
6 95 (4.09%) Grafana
7 71 (3.05%) Istio
8 54 (2.32%) Kibana
8 54 (2.32%) Packer
9 39 (1.68%) Rancher
10 32 (1.38%) Consul
11 28 (1.20%) logstash
12 26 (1.12%) Docker Swarm
13 20 (0.86%) Fluentd
13 20 (0.86%) Nagios
14 19 (0.82%) Rundeck
15 18 (0.77%) vCenter Server
16 17 (0.73%) Argo
17 14 (0.60%) ZABBIX
18 13 (0.56%) vRealize
Vendors
1 216 (9.29%) Google
2 132 (5.68%) Oracle
3 127 (5.46%) VMware
4 116 (4.99%) Microsoft
5 93 (4.00%) Splunk
6 78 (3.35%) Red Hat
7 61 (2.62%) Atlassian
8 55 (2.37%) MuleSoft
9 51 (2.19%) AppDynamics
10 42 (1.81%) Cloudera
11 37 (1.59%) SAP
12 36 (1.55%) Bloomberg
13 35 (1.51%) Cisco
14 33 (1.42%) Dell
14 33 (1.42%) Dynatrace
15 26 (1.12%) Hortonworks
16 24 (1.03%) Salesforce.com
17 23 (0.99%) IBM
18 21 (0.90%) HP
19 20 (0.86%) NetApp