Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 24 33 51
Rank change year-on-year +9 +18 +56
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 3,715 1,915 3,913
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 6.50% 5.87% 4.69%
As % of the Systems Management category 40.90% 38.16% 30.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,751 1,481 2,965
10th Percentile £425 £413 £425
25th Percentile £488 £488 £495
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £550
75th Percentile £644 £625 £638
90th Percentile £713 £713 £694
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 1 9
10th Percentile £34.80 " £12.65
25th Percentile £44.66 £12.25 £42.28
Median hourly rate £52.56 £12.50 £49.13
Median % change year-on-year +320.48% -74.56% -25.84%
75th Percentile £76.00 £12.75 £50.00
90th Percentile £86.55 " £55.83
UK median hourly rate £69.50 £46.40 £49.86
% change year-on-year +49.78% -6.94% -24.74%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 9,083 5,019 12,721
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.89% 15.37% 15.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,424 3,539 8,724
10th Percentile £350 £307 £300
25th Percentile £435 £413 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £613 £600 £600
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 124 91 267
10th Percentile £14.33 £12.42 £12.00
25th Percentile £16.14 £14.81 £13.94
Median hourly rate £21.00 £19.50 £18.80
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +3.72% -1.05%
75th Percentile £41.99 £31.13 £26.00
90th Percentile £59.96 £47.83 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £23.21 £19.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year +19.03% -2.50% +5.26%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 2,546 £575 +4.55% 921
North of England -11 277 £525 -2.78% 242
South East +20 269 £510 +2.00% 180
North West 0 138 £500 -4.76% 135
South West +32 136 £500 -9.09% 96
Yorkshire -1 126 £525 -2.33% 87
East of England +36 108 £563 +12.50% 79
Midlands -20 91 £535 +20.90% 136
West Midlands -10 63 £535 +18.89% 97
East Midlands -19 24 £525 +16.67% 39
North East -25 15 £543 -5.16% 20
Kubernetes
UK

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 2,485 (66.89%) Docker
2 1,817 (48.91%) DevOps
3 1,644 (44.25%) AWS
4 1,452 (39.08%) Terraform
5 1,413 (38.03%) Agile Software Development
6 1,324 (35.64%) Azure
7 1,286 (34.62%) Java
8 1,123 (30.23%) Microservices
9 1,063 (28.61%) Python
10 826 (22.23%) Jenkins
11 823 (22.15%) Finance
12 707 (19.03%) Software Engineering
13 694 (18.68%) GCP
14 681 (18.33%) Linux
15 672 (18.09%) Ansible
16 644 (17.34%) JavaScript
17 570 (15.34%) Node.js
18 537 (14.45%) Infrastructure as Code
19 525 (14.13%) Git (software)
19 525 (14.13%) SQL
20 523 (14.08%) Social Skills
21 490 (13.19%) Kafka
21 490 (13.19%) React
22 483 (13.00%) Full Stack Development
23 480 (12.92%) Serverless
24 455 (12.25%) TDD
25 443 (11.92%) Spring
26 432 (11.63%) Security Cleared
27 409 (11.01%) Web Services
28 375 (10.09%) Scrum

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 201 (5.41%) Apache Spark
2 129 (3.47%) Apache
3 123 (3.31%) Elasticsearch
4 118 (3.18%) Confluence
5 80 (2.15%) nginx
6 73 (1.97%) OpenStack
6 73 (1.97%) Tomcat
7 45 (1.21%) Apache Airflow
8 40 (1.08%) Cloud Foundry
9 38 (1.02%) BizTalk Server
10 36 (0.97%) WebSphere
11 30 (0.81%) Oracle Coherence
12 25 (0.67%) JBoss
13 24 (0.65%) Mule
14 20 (0.54%) WebLogic
15 19 (0.51%) Red Hat Fuse
15 19 (0.51%) WebSphere Application Server
16 15 (0.40%) SharePoint
17 11 (0.30%) SAS
18 10 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 21 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.081%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.027%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.027%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.027%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.027%) SPSS
3 1 (0.027%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 10 (0.27%) Magento
2 8 (0.22%) assyst
2 8 (0.22%) Sentinel
3 6 (0.16%) Shopify
4 5 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
5 3 (0.081%) Cloudability
5 3 (0.081%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.054%) Distributed Ledger
6 2 (0.054%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.054%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.027%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.027%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.027%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.027%) Tesseract
7 1 (0.027%) Traffica
Cloud Services
1 1,644 (44.25%) AWS
2 1,324 (35.64%) Azure
3 694 (18.68%) GCP
4 480 (12.92%) Serverless
5 366 (9.85%) AWS Lambda
6 278 (7.48%) GitHub
7 269 (7.24%) Amazon S3
8 265 (7.13%) PaaS
9 261 (7.03%) OpenShift
10 222 (5.98%) Amazon SQS
11 215 (5.79%) Amazon EKS
12 207 (5.57%) IaaS
13 191 (5.14%) AWS Step Functions
14 163 (4.39%) AWS CloudFormation
15 146 (3.93%) SaaS
16 83 (2.23%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 80 (2.15%) Amazon ECS
18 70 (1.88%) Amazon EC2
18 70 (1.88%) Azure Functions
19 68 (1.83%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 97 (2.61%) Firewall
2 81 (2.18%) HTTP
3 71 (1.91%) DNS
4 45 (1.21%) SSL
5 40 (1.08%) VPN
6 27 (0.73%) TCP/IP
7 26 (0.70%) Software-Defined Networking
8 24 (0.65%) Kerberos
9 23 (0.62%) Network Security
10 22 (0.59%) WAN
11 21 (0.57%) SAN
12 19 (0.51%) Internet
13 17 (0.46%) 3GPP
13 17 (0.46%) SGSN
14 15 (0.40%) Wireless
15 14 (0.38%) HTTPS
15 14 (0.38%) LAN
15 14 (0.38%) NAS
16 13 (0.35%) DHCP
17 12 (0.32%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 269 (7.24%) PostgreSQL
2 241 (6.49%) MongoDB
3 236 (6.35%) Amazon RDS
4 235 (6.33%) Big Data
5 233 (6.27%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 229 (6.16%) NoSQL
7 156 (4.20%) Hadoop
8 125 (3.36%) SQL Server
9 119 (3.20%) Relational Database
10 111 (2.99%) MySQL
11 97 (2.61%) Apache Cassandra
12 89 (2.40%) Azure SQL Database
12 89 (2.40%) BigQuery
13 81 (2.18%) Apache Hive
13 81 (2.18%) Data Warehouse
14 74 (1.99%) Redis
15 65 (1.75%) Data Lake
16 60 (1.62%) HBase
17 37 (1.00%) RDBMS
18 36 (0.97%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 826 (22.23%) Jenkins
2 525 (14.13%) Git (software)
3 262 (7.05%) JIRA
4 241 (6.49%) GitLab
5 235 (6.33%) Maven
6 142 (3.82%) Gradle
7 112 (3.01%) TeamCity
8 103 (2.77%) Bitbucket
9 94 (2.53%) CircleCI
10 90 (2.42%) JUnit
11 89 (2.40%) Cucumber
12 87 (2.34%) Sonatype Nexus
13 78 (2.10%) Artifactory
14 68 (1.83%) Mockito
15 53 (1.43%) SonarQube
15 53 (1.43%) Travis CI
16 44 (1.18%) Subversion
17 43 (1.16%) Gatling
17 43 (1.16%) Selenium
17 43 (1.16%) webpack
General
1 823 (22.15%) Finance
2 523 (14.08%) Social Skills
3 346 (9.31%) Banking
4 267 (7.19%) Front Office
5 179 (4.82%) Public Sector
6 102 (2.75%) Analytical Skills
7 96 (2.58%) Retail
8 95 (2.56%) Telecoms
9 82 (2.21%) Investment Banking
10 54 (1.45%) Marketing
11 52 (1.40%) Presentation Skills
12 48 (1.29%) Influencing Skills
13 46 (1.24%) Electronics
14 44 (1.18%) Financial Institution
15 38 (1.02%) Manufacturing
16 34 (0.92%) Legal
17 27 (0.73%) Games
18 16 (0.43%) Retail Banking
19 12 (0.32%) Law
20 11 (0.30%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,341 (36.10%) Developer
2 879 (23.66%) DevOps Engineer
3 512 (13.78%) Java Developer
4 385 (10.36%) Architect
5 257 (6.92%) AWS Engineer
6 228 (6.14%) Azure Engineer
6 228 (6.14%) Senior Developer
7 226 (6.08%) React Developer
8 191 (5.14%) AWS DevOps
9 189 (5.09%) Full Stack Developer
10 186 (5.01%) Cloud Engineer
11 181 (4.87%) Software Engineer
12 176 (4.74%) AWS Developer
13 163 (4.39%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 161 (4.33%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 152 (4.09%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 147 (3.96%) Cloud Architect
17 124 (3.34%) Data Engineer
18 123 (3.31%) Senior Java Developer
19 105 (2.83%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 570 (15.34%) Node.js
2 490 (13.19%) Kafka
2 490 (13.19%) React
3 443 (11.92%) Spring
4 409 (11.01%) Web Services
5 353 (9.50%) .NET
6 337 (9.07%) Spring Boot
7 299 (8.05%) REST
8 214 (5.76%) .NET Core
9 192 (5.17%) RESTful
10 188 (5.06%) Material-UI
11 160 (4.31%) AngularJS
12 147 (3.96%) GraphQL
13 146 (3.93%) CSS
14 145 (3.90%) HTML
15 109 (2.93%) Elastic Stack
16 105 (2.83%) JSON
17 82 (2.21%) YAML
18 72 (1.94%) gRPC
18 72 (1.94%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 320 (8.61%) Cloud Native
2 156 (4.20%) Public Cloud
3 142 (3.82%) Greenfield Project
4 105 (2.83%) Data Protection Act
5 103 (2.77%) Data Centre
6 101 (2.72%) User Experience
7 77 (2.07%) Data Structures
8 72 (1.94%) Algorithms
9 70 (1.88%) Management Information System
10 57 (1.53%) Hybrid Cloud
11 51 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
12 49 (1.32%) iPad
13 47 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
14 46 (1.24%) Legacy Applications
14 46 (1.24%) Mobile App
15 42 (1.13%) Linux Command Line
16 39 (1.05%) Legacy Systems
17 38 (1.02%) Hedge funds
18 35 (0.94%) Derivative
19 32 (0.86%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 681 (18.33%) Linux
2 189 (5.09%) Windows
3 166 (4.47%) Unix
4 70 (1.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 39 (1.05%) Windows Server
6 35 (0.94%) CentOS
7 33 (0.89%) Ubuntu
8 24 (0.65%) VMS
9 17 (0.46%) Debian
10 13 (0.35%) Android
11 12 (0.32%) Apple iOS
12 11 (0.30%) CoreOS
12 11 (0.30%) Mac OS X
12 11 (0.30%) Solaris
13 7 (0.19%) Windows Server 2019
14 6 (0.16%) AIX
15 4 (0.11%) Oracle Linux
15 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
15 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
15 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,817 (48.91%) DevOps
2 1,413 (38.03%) Agile Software Development
3 1,123 (30.23%) Microservices
4 707 (19.03%) Software Engineering
5 537 (14.45%) Infrastructure as Code
6 483 (13.00%) Full Stack Development
7 455 (12.25%) TDD
8 375 (10.09%) Scrum
9 338 (9.10%) Continuous Integration
10 315 (8.48%) Test Automation
11 278 (7.48%) Open Source
12 264 (7.11%) BDD
13 243 (6.54%) Migration
14 233 (6.27%) Investment Management
15 230 (6.19%) Asset Management
16 208 (5.60%) Configuration Management
17 201 (5.41%) Continuous Delivery
18 198 (5.33%) Problem-Solving
19 174 (4.68%) Analytics
20 173 (4.66%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 1,286 (34.62%) Java
2 1,063 (28.61%) Python
3 644 (17.34%) JavaScript
4 525 (14.13%) SQL
5 359 (9.66%) TypeScript
6 344 (9.26%) C#
7 321 (8.64%) Bash Shell
8 313 (8.43%) Go
9 236 (6.35%) Scala
10 200 (5.38%) PowerShell
11 180 (4.85%) Java 8
12 129 (3.47%) Groovy
13 127 (3.42%) Kotlin
14 115 (3.10%) C++
15 114 (3.07%) Ruby
16 84 (2.26%) Shell Script
17 82 (2.21%) Java 11
18 70 (1.88%) PL/SQL
19 62 (1.67%) PHP
20 58 (1.56%) C
Qualifications
1 432 (11.63%) Security Cleared
2 346 (9.31%) SC Cleared
3 150 (4.04%) Degree
4 44 (1.18%) DV Cleared
5 34 (0.92%) AWS Certification
5 34 (0.92%) Computer Science Degree
6 31 (0.83%) CISSP
7 26 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
8 14 (0.38%) SANS
9 12 (0.32%) CISM
10 10 (0.27%) Master's Degree
11 9 (0.24%) CREST Certified
12 6 (0.16%) CCA
13 5 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
13 5 (0.13%) SSCP
14 4 (0.11%) DBS Check
14 4 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
15 3 (0.081%) CEH
15 3 (0.081%) CRISC
15 3 (0.081%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 95 (2.56%) QA
2 55 (1.48%) GDPR
3 27 (0.73%) PCI DSS
4 23 (0.62%) Accessibility
5 20 (0.54%) Data Quality
6 17 (0.46%) OASIS TOSCA
7 13 (0.35%) SLA
8 10 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 9 (0.24%) NIST
10 7 (0.19%) NCSC
11 6 (0.16%) COBIT
12 4 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 3 (0.081%) FedRAMP
14 2 (0.054%) PSD2
14 2 (0.054%) WCAG
15 1 (0.027%) Cyber Essentials
15 1 (0.027%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 1 (0.027%) Disclosure Scotland
15 1 (0.027%) HIPAA
15 1 (0.027%) HL7
System Software
1 2,485 (66.89%) Docker
2 92 (2.48%) Active Directory
3 73 (1.97%) VMware Infrastructure
4 46 (1.24%) Virtual Machines
5 36 (0.97%) HDFS
6 30 (0.81%) VMware ESXi
7 26 (0.70%) KVM
8 23 (0.62%) LXC
9 19 (0.51%) VMware NSX
10 16 (0.43%) NFS
11 15 (0.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 15 (0.40%) Hyper-V
11 15 (0.40%) vSphere
12 10 (0.27%) vCloud
13 8 (0.22%) Postfix
14 7 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
14 7 (0.19%) SRDF
14 7 (0.19%) Xen
15 6 (0.16%) qmail
16 5 (0.13%) Squid
Systems Management
1 1,452 (39.08%) Terraform
2 672 (18.09%) Ansible
3 246 (6.62%) Puppet
4 239 (6.43%) Prometheus
5 207 (5.57%) Grafana
6 159 (4.28%) Opscode Chef
7 116 (3.12%) Istio
8 102 (2.75%) Rancher
9 81 (2.18%) Kibana
10 78 (2.10%) Packer
11 65 (1.75%) Docker Swarm
12 42 (1.13%) Consul
13 40 (1.08%) logstash
14 31 (0.83%) Oozie
15 25 (0.67%) Nagios
16 22 (0.59%) Active Directory Federation Services
17 21 (0.57%) Fluentd
18 20 (0.54%) MIIS
19 18 (0.48%) Cloudify
20 17 (0.46%) Juju
Vendors
1 371 (9.99%) Google
2 263 (7.08%) Microsoft
3 249 (6.70%) Oracle
4 118 (3.18%) Splunk
5 116 (3.12%) Red Hat
6 106 (2.85%) VMware
7 77 (2.07%) MuleSoft
8 76 (2.05%) IBM
9 66 (1.78%) SAP
10 65 (1.75%) Cisco
11 57 (1.53%) Dynatrace
12 51 (1.37%) Atlassian
13 50 (1.35%) Databricks
14 48 (1.29%) New Relic
15 47 (1.27%) Cloudera
16 43 (1.16%) AppDynamics
17 34 (0.92%) Hortonworks
18 29 (0.78%) F5
18 29 (0.78%) Juniper
19 26 (0.70%) Sybase