Period
to 22 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 22 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 49 65 187
Rank change year-on-year +16 +122 +190
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 2,865 3,364 1,335
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.33% 3.68% 1.46%
As % of the Systems Management category 29.86% 24.66% 12.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,148 2,466 1,000
England median daily rate £550 £550 £538
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.33% +2.38%
10th Percentile £413 £425 £425
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £535
% change year-on-year - +2.80% +1.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 4 3
England median hourly rate £41.00 £41.17 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.40% +2.91% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £35.50
90th Percentile £71.35 £59.00 £42.00
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -3.53% +6.25% -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 9,596 13,639 11,057
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.52% 14.94% 12.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,509 9,199 7,603
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £263 £313 £269
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 266 338 250
England median hourly rate £18.13 £17.50 £16.82
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.57% +4.07% -15.93%
10th Percentile £12.44 £12.25 £10.99
90th Percentile £52.88 £47.10 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £19.75 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +12.86% - -12.50%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the England region over the 6 months to 22 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +11 1,861 £588 +2.17% 716
North of England +53 319 £491 -1.75% 177
South East +44 291 £500 -3.38% 118
South West +15 221 £550 - 62
North West +44 157 £538 +2.38% 105
Yorkshire +51 99 £500 +11.11% 58
Midlands +14 88 £500 - 100
East of England +48 73 £500 - 78
North East +22 64 £430 -18.10% 14
East Midlands +26 48 £425 -15.00% 30
West Midlands +12 40 £525 +6.33% 70
Kubernetes
UK

For the 6 months to 22 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 2,028 (70.79%) Docker
2 1,777 (62.02%) DevOps
3 1,341 (46.81%) AWS
4 1,084 (37.84%) Agile Software Development
5 1,068 (37.28%) Terraform
6 1,014 (35.39%) Python
7 998 (34.83%) Azure
8 916 (31.97%) Microservices
9 883 (30.82%) Java
10 839 (29.28%) Ansible
11 780 (27.23%) Jenkins
12 668 (23.32%) Linux
13 544 (18.99%) GCP
14 485 (16.93%) Git (software)
15 410 (14.31%) Finance
16 372 (12.98%) Infrastructure as Code
17 356 (12.43%) JavaScript
18 353 (12.32%) Puppet
19 348 (12.15%) Security Cleared
19 348 (12.15%) Continuous Integration
20 343 (11.97%) Google
21 342 (11.94%) Software Engineering
22 334 (11.66%) Node.js
23 332 (11.59%) OpenShift
24 321 (11.20%) SQL
25 310 (10.82%) Scrum
26 304 (10.61%) Spring
27 302 (10.54%) .NET
28 301 (10.51%) C#
28 301 (10.51%) TDD

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 155 (5.41%) Elasticsearch
2 132 (4.61%) Apache Spark
3 120 (4.19%) Confluence
4 89 (3.11%) nginx
5 73 (2.55%) Apache
6 45 (1.57%) Cloud Foundry
7 44 (1.54%) OpenStack
8 40 (1.40%) Tomcat
9 22 (0.77%) Apache Airflow
9 22 (0.77%) SAS
10 21 (0.73%) IIS
11 16 (0.56%) Camunda
12 10 (0.35%) CMS
13 6 (0.21%) Apache Solr
13 6 (0.21%) JBoss
13 6 (0.21%) Jupyter
14 5 (0.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 5 (0.17%) Umbraco
14 5 (0.17%) WebSphere
15 4 (0.14%) GemFire
Applications
1 1 (0.035%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.035%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 1 (0.035%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
2 7 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 6 (0.21%) NetSuite
4 4 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
4 4 (0.14%) Temenos T24
5 3 (0.10%) Eikon
5 3 (0.10%) Oracle Cash Management
5 3 (0.10%) Sonata
6 2 (0.070%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 1 (0.035%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.035%) Finacle
7 1 (0.035%) RMDS
7 1 (0.035%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,341 (46.81%) AWS
2 998 (34.83%) Azure
3 544 (18.99%) GCP
4 332 (11.59%) OpenShift
5 261 (9.11%) Serverless
6 205 (7.16%) AWS CloudFormation
7 182 (6.35%) PaaS
8 172 (6.00%) GitHub
9 162 (5.65%) AWS Lambda
10 151 (5.27%) Amazon EC2
11 147 (5.13%) Amazon S3
12 119 (4.15%) SaaS
13 111 (3.87%) IaaS
14 98 (3.42%) Amazon ECS
15 82 (2.86%) Amazon SQS
16 64 (2.23%) Amazon EKS
17 46 (1.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 45 (1.57%) Azure Active Directory
19 40 (1.40%) Amazon Kinesis
20 38 (1.33%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 74 (2.58%) DNS
2 61 (2.13%) HTTP
3 50 (1.75%) TCP/IP
4 40 (1.40%) Firewall
5 34 (1.19%) SSL
6 29 (1.01%) VPN
7 27 (0.94%) DHCP
8 18 (0.63%) Internet
9 14 (0.49%) FTP
10 11 (0.38%) Kerberos
11 10 (0.35%) DSL
12 9 (0.31%) Network Security
13 7 (0.24%) LAN
14 6 (0.21%) WAN
15 5 (0.17%) HTTPS
15 5 (0.17%) NetScaler
15 5 (0.17%) SAN
15 5 (0.17%) Wireless
16 4 (0.14%) Broadband
16 4 (0.14%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 206 (7.19%) NoSQL
2 204 (7.12%) PostgreSQL
3 187 (6.53%) Big Data
4 170 (5.93%) MongoDB
5 153 (5.34%) MySQL
6 137 (4.78%) Hadoop
7 109 (3.80%) Relational Database
8 102 (3.56%) SQL Server
9 101 (3.53%) Amazon Redshift
10 98 (3.42%) Amazon RDS
11 92 (3.21%) Redis
12 81 (2.83%) Apache Cassandra
13 57 (1.99%) BigQuery
14 52 (1.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 41 (1.43%) Data Lake
16 40 (1.40%) Data Warehouse
16 40 (1.40%) RDBMS
17 39 (1.36%) Flink
18 38 (1.33%) Apache Hive
19 36 (1.26%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 780 (27.23%) Jenkins
2 485 (16.93%) Git (software)
3 226 (7.89%) JIRA
4 149 (5.20%) GitLab
5 137 (4.78%) Artifactory
6 118 (4.12%) Maven
7 112 (3.91%) TeamCity
8 98 (3.42%) Selenium
9 89 (3.11%) Cucumber
10 78 (2.72%) CircleCI
11 77 (2.69%) Sonatype Nexus
12 76 (2.65%) Gradle
13 70 (2.44%) Octopus Deploy
14 67 (2.34%) SonarQube
15 64 (2.23%) Visual Studio Team System
16 62 (2.16%) Bitbucket
17 50 (1.75%) JUnit
18 47 (1.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 46 (1.61%) Travis CI
20 42 (1.47%) RStudio
General
1 410 (14.31%) Finance
2 249 (8.69%) Banking
3 148 (5.17%) Public Sector
4 97 (3.39%) Front Office
5 61 (2.13%) Retail
6 40 (1.40%) Investment Banking
6 40 (1.40%) Telecoms
7 24 (0.84%) Law
8 21 (0.73%) Marketing
9 20 (0.70%) Publishing
10 19 (0.66%) Manufacturing
11 16 (0.56%) Automotive
12 14 (0.49%) Games
12 14 (0.49%) Legal
13 9 (0.31%) Electronics
13 9 (0.31%) Financial Institution
14 6 (0.21%) Back Office
15 5 (0.17%) Corporate Banking
15 5 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
15 5 (0.17%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,038 (36.23%) DevOps Engineer
2 823 (28.73%) Developer
3 312 (10.89%) Java Developer
4 305 (10.65%) AWS Engineer
5 267 (9.32%) AWS DevOps
6 227 (7.92%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 222 (7.75%) Kubernetes Engineer
8 201 (7.02%) Architect
9 180 (6.28%) Azure Engineer
10 174 (6.07%) Senior DevOps
11 160 (5.58%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 147 (5.13%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 132 (4.61%) Senior Developer
14 129 (4.50%) Cloud Engineer
15 114 (3.98%) AWS Developer
16 103 (3.60%) Python Engineer
17 98 (3.42%) Data Engineer
18 92 (3.21%) Python Developer
19 87 (3.04%) .NET Developer
20 85 (2.97%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 334 (11.66%) Node.js
2 304 (10.61%) Spring
3 302 (10.54%) .NET
4 297 (10.37%) Kafka
5 290 (10.12%) Web Services
6 222 (7.75%) Spring Boot
7 208 (7.26%) React
8 195 (6.81%) REST
9 165 (5.76%) AngularJS
10 144 (5.03%) .NET Core
11 130 (4.54%) RESTful
12 114 (3.98%) HTML
13 109 (3.80%) Elastic Stack
14 105 (3.66%) CSS
15 81 (2.83%) GraphQL
16 76 (2.65%) Redux
17 63 (2.20%) JSON
17 63 (2.20%) RabbitMQ
18 60 (2.09%) J2EE
19 51 (1.78%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 254 (8.87%) Greenfield Project
2 159 (5.55%) Public Cloud
3 114 (3.98%) Cloud Native
4 89 (3.11%) Data Centre
5 78 (2.72%) Analytical Skills
6 67 (2.34%) Linux Command Line
7 66 (2.30%) Fixed Income
8 57 (1.99%) User Experience
9 54 (1.88%) Derivative
10 53 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
11 51 (1.78%) Hybrid Cloud
12 46 (1.61%) Equities
13 42 (1.47%) Mobile App
14 37 (1.29%) Algorithms
15 33 (1.15%) Virtual Team
16 32 (1.12%) Self-Motivation
17 31 (1.08%) Private Cloud
18 27 (0.94%) Replication
19 23 (0.80%) Data Structures
20 21 (0.73%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 668 (23.32%) Linux
2 182 (6.35%) Windows
3 124 (4.33%) Unix
4 102 (3.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 64 (2.23%) CentOS
6 52 (1.82%) Windows Server
7 40 (1.40%) Ubuntu
8 33 (1.15%) Android
9 32 (1.12%) CoreOS
10 25 (0.87%) Apple iOS
11 18 (0.63%) VMS
12 14 (0.49%) Mac OS X
13 13 (0.45%) Debian
14 9 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
15 7 (0.24%) Solaris
16 5 (0.17%) DC/OS
17 3 (0.10%) AIX
17 3 (0.10%) Windows Server 2003
17 3 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
18 1 (0.035%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,777 (62.02%) DevOps
2 1,084 (37.84%) Agile Software Development
3 916 (31.97%) Microservices
4 372 (12.98%) Infrastructure as Code
5 348 (12.15%) Continuous Integration
6 342 (11.94%) Software Engineering
7 310 (10.82%) Scrum
8 301 (10.51%) TDD
9 290 (10.12%) Test Automation
10 251 (8.76%) Migration
11 243 (8.48%) Configuration Management
12 198 (6.91%) Open Source
13 175 (6.11%) Continuous Delivery
14 174 (6.07%) BDD
15 164 (5.72%) Kanban
16 142 (4.96%) Fintech
17 131 (4.57%) Analytics
18 130 (4.54%) Site Reliability Engineering
19 120 (4.19%) Mentoring
20 105 (3.66%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1,014 (35.39%) Python
2 883 (30.82%) Java
3 356 (12.43%) JavaScript
4 321 (11.20%) SQL
5 301 (10.51%) C#
6 246 (8.59%) Bash Shell
7 233 (8.13%) Go
8 190 (6.63%) Ruby
9 181 (6.32%) PowerShell
10 176 (6.14%) Java 8
11 142 (4.96%) TypeScript
12 99 (3.46%) Scala
13 95 (3.32%) Shell Script
14 93 (3.25%) R
15 85 (2.97%) Perl
16 77 (2.69%) Groovy
17 76 (2.65%) PHP
18 49 (1.71%) C++
19 42 (1.47%) ES6
20 41 (1.43%) C
Qualifications
1 348 (12.15%) Security Cleared
2 296 (10.33%) SC Cleared
3 111 (3.87%) Degree
4 37 (1.29%) AWS Certification
5 35 (1.22%) Computer Science Degree
6 19 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
6 19 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
7 15 (0.52%) MCSA
8 14 (0.49%) DV Cleared
9 11 (0.38%) CCA
9 11 (0.38%) CISSP
9 11 (0.38%) DBS Check
9 11 (0.38%) Master's Degree
10 8 (0.28%) MCSE
11 6 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
12 5 (0.17%) SANS
13 4 (0.14%) CCNA
13 4 (0.14%) ISTQB
13 4 (0.14%) RHCE
13 4 (0.14%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 63 (2.20%) QA
2 12 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 12 (0.42%) NCSC
3 9 (0.31%) PCI DSS
4 7 (0.24%) NIST
5 5 (0.17%) PSD2
6 4 (0.14%) GDPR
6 4 (0.14%) MiFID
6 4 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 4 (0.14%) SLA
7 2 (0.070%) COBIT
7 2 (0.070%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.070%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.070%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 2 (0.070%) PMO
System Software
1 2,028 (70.79%) Docker
2 69 (2.41%) Active Directory
3 59 (2.06%) Virtual Machines
4 47 (1.64%) VMware Infrastructure
5 38 (1.33%) vSphere
6 23 (0.80%) LXC
7 21 (0.73%) NFS
8 15 (0.52%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 15 (0.52%) VirtualBox
9 14 (0.49%) HDFS
10 13 (0.45%) Gluster
11 12 (0.42%) GlusterFS
12 11 (0.38%) Hyper-V
13 6 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
14 5 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
14 5 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
14 5 (0.17%) XenApp
14 5 (0.17%) XenDesktop
15 4 (0.14%) KVM
15 4 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,068 (37.28%) Terraform
2 839 (29.28%) Ansible
3 353 (12.32%) Puppet
4 259 (9.04%) Opscode Chef
5 102 (3.56%) Packer
6 97 (3.39%) Prometheus
7 87 (3.04%) Docker Swarm
8 81 (2.83%) Grafana
9 57 (1.99%) Kibana
10 50 (1.75%) Salt
11 48 (1.68%) Istio
12 44 (1.54%) Rancher
13 36 (1.26%) Consul
14 33 (1.15%) Nagios
15 22 (0.77%) logstash
15 22 (0.77%) Mesos
16 16 (0.56%) Kubeflow
17 12 (0.42%) HAProxy
18 11 (0.38%) Graphite
18 11 (0.38%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 343 (11.97%) Google
2 173 (6.04%) Microsoft
3 92 (3.21%) VMware
4 90 (3.14%) Splunk
5 82 (2.86%) Red Hat
6 69 (2.41%) Oracle
7 52 (1.82%) Atlassian
8 48 (1.68%) Cloudera
8 48 (1.68%) Hortonworks
9 29 (1.01%) New Relic
10 28 (0.98%) Veracode
11 27 (0.94%) IBM
12 20 (0.70%) Confluent
13 19 (0.66%) Databricks
14 18 (0.63%) Cisco
14 18 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
14 18 (0.63%) SAP
15 15 (0.52%) SaltStack
16 14 (0.49%) ServiceNow
17 13 (0.45%) Tableau