Period
to 14 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 14 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > England
6 months to
14 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 52 84 211
Rank change year-on-year +32 +127 +194
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 3,410 2,782 1,154
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.37% 2.98% 1.28%
As % of the Systems Management category 29.91% 20.99% 11.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,551 2,058 856
England median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
10th Percentile £419 £413 £420
90th Percentile £700 £688 £663
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £525
% change year-on-year - +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 7 0
England median hourly rate £44.57 £60.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.73% - -
UK median hourly rate £44.78 £60.00 -
% change year-on-year -25.36% - -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 11,400 13,254 10,460
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.61% 14.19% 11.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,787 9,019 7,025
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +8.57%
10th Percentile £285 £300 £266
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £493 £465
% change year-on-year +1.52% +5.91% +8.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 264 375 242
England median hourly rate £20.30 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.01% - -23.08%
10th Percentile £12.46 £12.25 £10.75
90th Percentile £54.98 £47.00 £47.80
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +22.86% - -30.00%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the England region over the 6 months to 14 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +28 2,267 £575 +4.55% 621
South East +75 362 £525 +5.00% 123
North of England +67 323 £475 +5.56% 150
South West +37 279 £550 +4.76% 62
North West +52 165 £508 +4.32% 76
Yorkshire +59 108 £475 +5.56% 50
Midlands +67 95 £500 +14.29% 66
East of England +46 79 £500 -4.76% 101
East Midlands +43 51 £463 +15.63% 23
North East +24 49 £438 -10.26% 24
West Midlands +43 44 £550 +22.22% 41
Kubernetes
UK

For the 6 months to 14 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 2,529 (74.16%) Docker
2 2,158 (63.28%) DevOps
3 1,729 (50.70%) AWS
4 1,363 (39.97%) Agile Software Development
5 1,178 (34.55%) Terraform
6 1,153 (33.81%) Azure
7 1,150 (33.72%) Python
8 1,100 (32.26%) Java
9 1,051 (30.82%) Microservices
10 1,029 (30.18%) Ansible
11 981 (28.77%) Jenkins
12 929 (27.24%) Linux
13 659 (19.33%) GCP
14 624 (18.30%) Git (software)
15 515 (15.10%) Finance
16 514 (15.07%) Puppet
17 504 (14.78%) Continuous Integration
18 480 (14.08%) JavaScript
19 409 (11.99%) OpenShift
20 401 (11.76%) Software Engineering
21 397 (11.64%) Google
21 397 (11.64%) TDD
22 396 (11.61%) Infrastructure as Code
23 392 (11.50%) SQL
24 386 (11.32%) Kafka
25 378 (11.09%) Security Cleared
26 350 (10.26%) Scrum
27 339 (9.94%) Web Services
28 336 (9.85%) Node.js
29 334 (9.79%) .NET

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 192 (5.63%) Apache Spark
2 162 (4.75%) Elasticsearch
3 151 (4.43%) Confluence
4 112 (3.28%) nginx
5 96 (2.82%) Apache
6 77 (2.26%) OpenStack
7 60 (1.76%) Tomcat
8 34 (1.00%) Cloud Foundry
9 28 (0.82%) IIS
10 16 (0.47%) CMS
10 16 (0.47%) JBoss
11 15 (0.44%) SAS
12 13 (0.38%) Apache Airflow
13 11 (0.32%) SharePoint
13 11 (0.32%) WebSphere
14 10 (0.29%) Apache Pig
14 10 (0.29%) Pachyderm
15 9 (0.26%) Apache Solr
16 8 (0.23%) Jupyter
16 8 (0.23%) Magnolia
Applications
1 2 (0.059%) Adobe Premiere
2 1 (0.029%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.029%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.029%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (0.26%) Sonata
2 7 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
3 6 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 5 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
4 5 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 4 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
5 4 (0.12%) Temenos T24
6 2 (0.059%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.029%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.029%) Eloqua
7 1 (0.029%) Finacle
7 1 (0.029%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 1,729 (50.70%) AWS
2 1,153 (33.81%) Azure
3 659 (19.33%) GCP
4 409 (11.99%) OpenShift
5 309 (9.06%) Serverless
6 231 (6.77%) AWS CloudFormation
7 230 (6.74%) Amazon S3
8 209 (6.13%) Amazon EC2
9 196 (5.75%) PaaS
10 191 (5.60%) AWS Lambda
11 184 (5.40%) GitHub
12 146 (4.28%) Amazon ECS
13 132 (3.87%) Amazon SQS
14 124 (3.64%) IaaS
15 99 (2.90%) Amazon EKS
16 91 (2.67%) SaaS
17 63 (1.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 62 (1.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 58 (1.70%) Apigee
20 56 (1.64%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 104 (3.05%) HTTP
2 75 (2.20%) DNS
3 65 (1.91%) TCP/IP
4 63 (1.85%) Firewall
5 52 (1.52%) SSL
6 43 (1.26%) VPN
7 38 (1.11%) Network Security
8 37 (1.09%) Internet
9 34 (1.00%) WAN
10 26 (0.76%) OpenVPN
11 22 (0.65%) FTP
12 20 (0.59%) SAN
13 17 (0.50%) Intrusion Detection
14 16 (0.47%) LAN
15 15 (0.44%) VLAN
16 12 (0.35%) DHCP
16 12 (0.35%) DSL
16 12 (0.35%) Kerberos
17 9 (0.26%) AMQP
17 9 (0.26%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 269 (7.89%) Big Data
2 260 (7.62%) NoSQL
3 257 (7.54%) PostgreSQL
4 241 (7.07%) MongoDB
5 200 (5.87%) Amazon RDS
5 200 (5.87%) Hadoop
6 152 (4.46%) MySQL
7 144 (4.22%) Relational Database
8 136 (3.99%) Amazon Redshift
9 108 (3.17%) SQL Server
10 102 (2.99%) Apache Cassandra
11 87 (2.55%) Redis
12 75 (2.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 68 (1.99%) RDBMS
14 60 (1.76%) Data Warehouse
15 57 (1.67%) Apache Hive
15 57 (1.67%) Data Lake
16 53 (1.55%) BigQuery
16 53 (1.55%) Cosmos DB
17 51 (1.50%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 981 (28.77%) Jenkins
2 624 (18.30%) Git (software)
3 276 (8.09%) JIRA
4 187 (5.48%) GitLab
5 142 (4.16%) Maven
6 138 (4.05%) Artifactory
6 138 (4.05%) TeamCity
7 137 (4.02%) Sonatype Nexus
8 110 (3.23%) Selenium
9 108 (3.17%) SonarQube
10 107 (3.14%) Cucumber
11 105 (3.08%) Bitbucket
11 105 (3.08%) Visual Studio Team System
12 95 (2.79%) JUnit
13 80 (2.35%) Gradle
14 76 (2.23%) CircleCI
15 75 (2.20%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 66 (1.94%) Mockito
17 63 (1.85%) Travis CI
18 54 (1.58%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 515 (15.10%) Finance
2 259 (7.60%) Banking
3 142 (4.16%) Public Sector
4 104 (3.05%) Front Office
5 99 (2.90%) Retail
6 45 (1.32%) Telecoms
7 40 (1.17%) Law
8 36 (1.06%) Investment Banking
9 34 (1.00%) Legal
10 29 (0.85%) Financial Institution
10 29 (0.85%) Marketing
11 18 (0.53%) Manufacturing
12 17 (0.50%) Games
12 17 (0.50%) Publishing
13 12 (0.35%) Automotive
13 12 (0.35%) Retail Banking
14 10 (0.29%) Electronics
15 9 (0.26%) Advertising
16 5 (0.15%) Billing
17 3 (0.088%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 1,198 (35.13%) DevOps Engineer
2 928 (27.21%) Developer
3 353 (10.35%) AWS Engineer
4 322 (9.44%) Java Developer
5 310 (9.09%) AWS DevOps
6 308 (9.03%) Kubernetes Engineer
7 293 (8.59%) Architect
8 254 (7.45%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 202 (5.92%) Cloud Engineer
10 182 (5.34%) Azure Engineer
11 181 (5.31%) Senior Developer
11 181 (5.31%) Senior DevOps
12 170 (4.99%) Azure DevOps
13 165 (4.84%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 148 (4.34%) Azure DevOps Engineer
15 126 (3.70%) Data Engineer
16 124 (3.64%) Python Engineer
17 119 (3.49%) AWS Developer
18 109 (3.20%) Platform Engineer
19 106 (3.11%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 386 (11.32%) Kafka
2 339 (9.94%) Web Services
3 336 (9.85%) Node.js
4 334 (9.79%) .NET
5 288 (8.45%) Spring
6 254 (7.45%) AngularJS
7 238 (6.98%) React
8 211 (6.19%) REST
9 202 (5.92%) RESTful
10 189 (5.54%) .NET Core
11 176 (5.16%) Spring Boot
12 133 (3.90%) HTML
13 116 (3.40%) CSS
14 109 (3.20%) Elastic Stack
15 89 (2.61%) JSON
16 87 (2.55%) J2EE
17 76 (2.23%) Vue.js
18 73 (2.14%) Redux
19 72 (2.11%) GraphQL
20 69 (2.02%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 262 (7.68%) Greenfield Project
2 135 (3.96%) Public Cloud
3 88 (2.58%) Cloud Native
4 87 (2.55%) Data Centre
5 73 (2.14%) Analytical Skills
6 70 (2.05%) Linux Command Line
7 67 (1.96%) Fixed Income
8 55 (1.61%) Algorithms
9 54 (1.58%) Enterprise Software
10 50 (1.47%) Mobile App
11 43 (1.26%) Derivative
12 40 (1.17%) Hybrid Cloud
13 36 (1.06%) Self-Motivation
14 35 (1.03%) Data Structures
15 33 (0.97%) Management Information System
16 30 (0.88%) Replication
17 29 (0.85%) User Experience
18 27 (0.79%) PKI
19 24 (0.70%) Private Cloud
20 23 (0.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 929 (27.24%) Linux
2 218 (6.39%) Windows
3 197 (5.78%) Unix
4 184 (5.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 108 (3.17%) CentOS
6 76 (2.23%) Windows Server
7 36 (1.06%) Mac OS X
8 35 (1.03%) Android
9 33 (0.97%) Ubuntu
10 28 (0.82%) Apple iOS
11 24 (0.70%) CoreOS
12 15 (0.44%) Solaris
12 15 (0.44%) VMS
13 10 (0.29%) Debian
13 10 (0.29%) Mesosphere
14 7 (0.21%) AIX
14 7 (0.21%) Windows 8
15 4 (0.12%) DC/OS
15 4 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
16 3 (0.088%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,158 (63.28%) DevOps
2 1,363 (39.97%) Agile Software Development
3 1,051 (30.82%) Microservices
4 504 (14.78%) Continuous Integration
5 401 (11.76%) Software Engineering
6 397 (11.64%) TDD
7 396 (11.61%) Infrastructure as Code
8 350 (10.26%) Scrum
9 334 (9.79%) Configuration Management
10 318 (9.33%) Test Automation
11 293 (8.59%) Migration
12 258 (7.57%) Open Source
13 237 (6.95%) BDD
14 203 (5.95%) Continuous Delivery
15 186 (5.45%) Kanban
16 180 (5.28%) Fintech
17 177 (5.19%) Analytics
18 165 (4.84%) Continuous Deployment
19 150 (4.40%) Problem-Solving
20 143 (4.19%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,150 (33.72%) Python
2 1,100 (32.26%) Java
3 480 (14.08%) JavaScript
4 392 (11.50%) SQL
5 302 (8.86%) Go
6 291 (8.53%) Bash Shell
7 285 (8.36%) C#
8 198 (5.81%) Java 8
9 188 (5.51%) Ruby
10 167 (4.90%) Scala
11 164 (4.81%) PowerShell
12 127 (3.72%) Shell Script
13 107 (3.14%) TypeScript
14 86 (2.52%) Groovy
15 80 (2.35%) PHP
16 68 (1.99%) Perl
17 58 (1.70%) R
18 51 (1.50%) C++
19 46 (1.35%) Kotlin
20 44 (1.29%) ES6
Qualifications
1 378 (11.09%) Security Cleared
2 308 (9.03%) SC Cleared
3 122 (3.58%) Degree
4 94 (2.76%) AWS Certification
5 43 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
6 30 (0.88%) DV Cleared
7 26 (0.76%) CISSP
8 20 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
9 15 (0.44%) DBS Check
9 15 (0.44%) Master's Degree
10 13 (0.38%) IISP
10 13 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
11 12 (0.35%) MCSA
12 9 (0.26%) CCA
12 9 (0.26%) RHCE
13 7 (0.21%) CEH
13 7 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
13 7 (0.21%) SANS
14 6 (0.18%) RHCSA
15 5 (0.15%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 59 (1.73%) QA
2 20 (0.59%) PCI DSS
3 13 (0.38%) GDPR
4 12 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 11 (0.32%) PSD2
6 10 (0.29%) NIST
7 9 (0.26%) Data Quality
7 9 (0.26%) SLA
8 4 (0.12%) MiFID
9 3 (0.088%) Disclosure Scotland
9 3 (0.088%) NCSC
10 2 (0.059%) COBIT
10 2 (0.059%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (0.059%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.029%) FedRAMP
11 1 (0.029%) PMO
System Software
1 2,529 (74.16%) Docker
2 91 (2.67%) Active Directory
3 83 (2.43%) Virtual Machines
4 63 (1.85%) VMware Infrastructure
5 32 (0.94%) LXC
6 25 (0.73%) Gluster
7 23 (0.67%) HDFS
8 21 (0.62%) vSphere
9 20 (0.59%) Hyper-V
10 17 (0.50%) Apache Flume
11 16 (0.47%) NFS
11 16 (0.47%) VirtualBox
12 14 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 12 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
14 11 (0.32%) OpenAM
14 11 (0.32%) OpenDJ
15 10 (0.29%) GlusterFS
16 9 (0.26%) vCloud
17 6 (0.18%) Microsoft App-V
18 5 (0.15%) Snort
Systems Management
1 1,178 (34.55%) Terraform
2 1,029 (30.18%) Ansible
3 514 (15.07%) Puppet
4 332 (9.74%) Opscode Chef
5 135 (3.96%) Prometheus
6 121 (3.55%) Grafana
7 107 (3.14%) Packer
8 83 (2.43%) Consul
9 79 (2.32%) Docker Swarm
10 57 (1.67%) Kibana
11 55 (1.61%) Mesos
12 54 (1.58%) Salt
13 36 (1.06%) Marathon
14 35 (1.03%) Rancher
15 34 (1.00%) Istio
16 27 (0.79%) ZABBIX
17 26 (0.76%) FreeIPA
17 26 (0.76%) logstash
18 22 (0.65%) Nagios
19 20 (0.59%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 397 (11.64%) Google
2 234 (6.86%) Microsoft
3 158 (4.63%) Red Hat
4 145 (4.25%) VMware
5 120 (3.52%) Splunk
6 101 (2.96%) Oracle
7 81 (2.38%) Atlassian
8 40 (1.17%) New Relic
9 39 (1.14%) Black Duck
9 39 (1.14%) Cloudera
10 37 (1.09%) IBM
11 32 (0.94%) Hortonworks
12 31 (0.91%) Cisco
13 30 (0.88%) Databricks
13 30 (0.88%) SaltStack
13 30 (0.88%) Veracode
14 28 (0.82%) ServiceNow
15 27 (0.79%) Greenplum
16 25 (0.73%) SAP
17 24 (0.70%) Informatica