Period
to 24 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 24 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 26 26 53
Rank change year-on-year 0 +27 +30
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 4,427 1,724 3,373
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 6.58% 6.31% 4.38%
As % of the Systems Management category 41.14% 39.34% 29.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,321 1,297 2,554
10th Percentile £450 £400 £419
25th Percentile £500 £456 £488
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £538 £550
Median % change year-on-year +6.98% -2.27% -
75th Percentile £671 £625 £638
90th Percentile £724 £713 £700
UK median daily rate £570 £538 £550
% change year-on-year +6.05% -2.27% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 9 15
10th Percentile £47.31 £31.20 £37.50
25th Percentile £59.75 £31.25 £40.13
Median hourly rate £72.00 £35.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +105.71% -26.32% -20.83%
75th Percentile £81.25 £39.00 £50.13
90th Percentile £82.50 £54.85 £61.42
UK median hourly rate £75.75 £39.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +94.23% -17.89% -17.39%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 10,762 4,382 11,378
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 16.01% 16.03% 14.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,793 3,053 7,938
10th Percentile £350 £310 £280
25th Percentile £450 £405 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £638 £588 £600
90th Percentile £700 £663 £675
UK median daily rate £540 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +8.00% - +1.01%
Number of hourly rates quoted 161 82 240
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.61 £12.44
25th Percentile £16.00 £14.31 £14.13
Median hourly rate £20.00 £19.50 £18.48
Median % change year-on-year +2.56% +5.55% +5.57%
75th Percentile £46.50 £37.06 £28.75
90th Percentile £62.25 £51.80 £50.03
UK median hourly rate £23.00 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +15.00% - +14.29%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the England region over the 6 months to 24 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 3,071 £590 +7.27% 1,017
North of England -7 333 £525 - 233
South East -4 293 £550 +7.84% 218
North West -9 168 £525 - 141
Yorkshire +3 159 £525 - 75
South West +12 157 £500 +19.40% 104
Midlands +3 141 £525 +20.69% 104
East of England -8 104 £575 +15.44% 94
West Midlands -19 86 £525 +20.69% 73
East Midlands -4 51 £520 +8.33% 31
North East -5 17 £575 +15.58% 17
Kubernetes
UK

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 2,949 (66.61%) Docker
2 2,290 (51.73%) DevOps
3 1,892 (42.74%) AWS
4 1,870 (42.24%) Terraform
5 1,691 (38.20%) Agile Software Development
6 1,560 (35.24%) Azure
7 1,463 (33.05%) Java
8 1,361 (30.74%) Microservices
9 1,181 (26.68%) Python
10 1,132 (25.57%) Jenkins
11 925 (20.89%) Finance
12 872 (19.70%) Ansible
13 830 (18.75%) JavaScript
14 826 (18.66%) Linux
15 788 (17.80%) Software Engineering
16 772 (17.44%) GCP
17 689 (15.56%) Infrastructure as Code
18 671 (15.16%) Git (software)
19 626 (14.14%) Kafka
20 614 (13.87%) SQL
21 606 (13.69%) Social Skills
22 604 (13.64%) Node.js
23 550 (12.42%) Serverless
23 550 (12.42%) React
24 535 (12.08%) TDD
25 520 (11.75%) Spring
26 510 (11.52%) Full Stack Development
27 487 (11.00%) Security Cleared
28 453 (10.23%) C#
28 453 (10.23%) Scrum

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 205 (4.63%) Apache Spark
2 160 (3.61%) Confluence
3 121 (2.73%) Elasticsearch
4 116 (2.62%) Apache
5 92 (2.08%) OpenStack
6 88 (1.99%) nginx
7 84 (1.90%) Tomcat
8 45 (1.02%) Apache Airflow
9 34 (0.77%) BizTalk Server
10 33 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
11 26 (0.59%) JBoss
12 17 (0.38%) Mule
12 17 (0.38%) SharePoint
12 17 (0.38%) WebLogic
12 17 (0.38%) WebSphere
13 16 (0.36%) SAS
14 15 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 14 (0.32%) Jupyter
16 13 (0.29%) IIS
17 12 (0.27%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 11 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.11%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.023%) CPLEX
3 1 (0.023%) Figma
3 1 (0.023%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.023%) Sketch
3 1 (0.023%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.023%) SPSS
3 1 (0.023%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 8 (0.18%) Sentinel
2 5 (0.11%) assyst
2 5 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
3 4 (0.090%) SAP Hybris
3 4 (0.090%) SAP S/4HANA
4 3 (0.068%) Cloudability
4 3 (0.068%) Magento
4 3 (0.068%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.045%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.045%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.023%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.023%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.023%) JDE OneWorld
6 1 (0.023%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.023%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.023%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,892 (42.74%) AWS
2 1,560 (35.24%) Azure
3 772 (17.44%) GCP
4 550 (12.42%) Serverless
5 371 (8.38%) GitHub
6 367 (8.29%) AWS Lambda
7 343 (7.75%) PaaS
8 301 (6.80%) OpenShift
9 297 (6.71%) Amazon S3
10 253 (5.71%) AWS CloudFormation
11 248 (5.60%) IaaS
12 246 (5.56%) Amazon SQS
13 236 (5.33%) Amazon EKS
14 209 (4.72%) AWS Step Functions
15 201 (4.54%) SaaS
16 117 (2.64%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 106 (2.39%) Amazon ECS
18 94 (2.12%) Amazon EC2
19 90 (2.03%) Azure Functions
20 84 (1.90%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 129 (2.91%) Firewall
2 92 (2.08%) DNS
3 76 (1.72%) HTTP
4 63 (1.42%) VPN
5 62 (1.40%) SSL
6 41 (0.93%) Network Security
6 41 (0.93%) TCP/IP
7 30 (0.68%) Internet
8 29 (0.66%) Kerberos
9 23 (0.52%) WAN
10 22 (0.50%) HTTPS
11 20 (0.45%) IPsec
12 15 (0.34%) AMQP
12 15 (0.34%) IPv4
12 15 (0.34%) Wireless
13 14 (0.32%) Software-Defined Networking
14 13 (0.29%) DHCP
14 13 (0.29%) LAN
15 12 (0.27%) IKE
15 12 (0.27%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 309 (6.98%) PostgreSQL
2 288 (6.51%) NoSQL
3 275 (6.21%) Amazon RDS
4 251 (5.67%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 251 (5.67%) MongoDB
5 216 (4.88%) Big Data
6 189 (4.27%) SQL Server
7 158 (3.57%) Hadoop
8 149 (3.37%) Relational Database
9 126 (2.85%) MySQL
10 105 (2.37%) Apache Cassandra
11 98 (2.21%) Azure SQL Database
12 91 (2.06%) BigQuery
13 87 (1.97%) Data Warehouse
14 84 (1.90%) Redis
15 73 (1.65%) Apache Hive
16 67 (1.51%) Data Lake
17 63 (1.42%) RDBMS
18 52 (1.17%) HBase
19 36 (0.81%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 1,132 (25.57%) Jenkins
2 671 (15.16%) Git (software)
3 336 (7.59%) JIRA
4 332 (7.50%) GitLab
5 303 (6.84%) Maven
6 205 (4.63%) Gradle
7 175 (3.95%) TeamCity
8 128 (2.89%) Bitbucket
9 122 (2.76%) Sonatype Nexus
10 121 (2.73%) Cucumber
11 113 (2.55%) Artifactory
12 96 (2.17%) SonarQube
13 95 (2.15%) CircleCI
14 88 (1.99%) JUnit
15 79 (1.78%) Selenium
16 71 (1.60%) Mockito
17 67 (1.51%) Subversion
18 62 (1.40%) Gatling
19 54 (1.22%) Travis CI
20 53 (1.20%) Cypress.io
General
1 925 (20.89%) Finance
2 606 (13.69%) Social Skills
3 365 (8.24%) Banking
4 294 (6.64%) Front Office
5 212 (4.79%) Public Sector
6 140 (3.16%) Analytical Skills
7 114 (2.58%) Retail
8 102 (2.30%) Investment Banking
9 97 (2.19%) Telecoms
10 71 (1.60%) Financial Institution
11 69 (1.56%) Legal
12 58 (1.31%) Presentation Skills
13 55 (1.24%) Games
14 44 (0.99%) Marketing
15 39 (0.88%) Influencing Skills
16 35 (0.79%) Electronics
17 29 (0.66%) Law
18 22 (0.50%) Back Office
19 21 (0.47%) Manufacturing
20 19 (0.43%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,366 (30.86%) Developer
2 1,066 (24.08%) DevOps Engineer
3 507 (11.45%) Java Developer
4 471 (10.64%) Architect
5 309 (6.98%) AWS Engineer
5 309 (6.98%) Azure Engineer
6 298 (6.73%) Software Engineer
7 220 (4.97%) Cloud Engineer
8 199 (4.50%) Senior Developer
9 197 (4.45%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 193 (4.36%) React Developer
11 185 (4.18%) AWS DevOps
12 164 (3.70%) Cloud Architect
13 157 (3.55%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 155 (3.50%) Full Stack Developer
14 155 (3.50%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 150 (3.39%) Data Engineer
16 142 (3.21%) .NET Developer
17 135 (3.05%) Azure DevOps
18 129 (2.91%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 626 (14.14%) Kafka
2 604 (13.64%) Node.js
3 550 (12.42%) React
4 520 (11.75%) Spring
5 446 (10.07%) Web Services
6 430 (9.71%) .NET
7 393 (8.88%) Spring Boot
8 343 (7.75%) REST
9 258 (5.83%) .NET Core
10 229 (5.17%) RESTful
11 215 (4.86%) HTML
12 213 (4.81%) Material-UI
13 206 (4.65%) CSS
14 173 (3.91%) AngularJS
15 157 (3.55%) GraphQL
16 139 (3.14%) Elastic Stack
17 111 (2.51%) JSON
18 103 (2.33%) gRPC
19 99 (2.24%) .NET Framework
20 96 (2.17%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 304 (6.87%) Cloud Native
2 184 (4.16%) Greenfield Project
3 169 (3.82%) Public Cloud
4 139 (3.14%) Data Protection Act
5 106 (2.39%) Data Centre
6 100 (2.26%) User Experience
7 81 (1.83%) Linux Command Line
8 76 (1.72%) Hedge funds
9 69 (1.56%) Algorithms
9 69 (1.56%) Legacy Applications
10 68 (1.54%) Data Structures
10 68 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
11 62 (1.40%) Self-Motivation
12 61 (1.38%) Hybrid Cloud
13 52 (1.17%) Legacy Systems
14 49 (1.11%) Management Information System
15 47 (1.06%) iPad
16 42 (0.95%) Fixed Income
17 41 (0.93%) Private Cloud
18 40 (0.90%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 826 (18.66%) Linux
2 234 (5.29%) Windows
3 186 (4.20%) Unix
4 100 (2.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 45 (1.02%) Ubuntu
6 41 (0.93%) CentOS
6 41 (0.93%) Windows Server
7 23 (0.52%) VMS
8 22 (0.50%) Debian
9 13 (0.29%) Android
9 13 (0.29%) Windows Server 2019
10 12 (0.27%) Apple iOS
10 12 (0.27%) Mac OS X
11 9 (0.20%) Windows Server 2016
12 8 (0.18%) CoreOS
12 8 (0.18%) Solaris
13 6 (0.14%) AIX
13 6 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
13 6 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
14 5 (0.11%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,290 (51.73%) DevOps
2 1,691 (38.20%) Agile Software Development
3 1,361 (30.74%) Microservices
4 788 (17.80%) Software Engineering
5 689 (15.56%) Infrastructure as Code
6 535 (12.08%) TDD
7 510 (11.52%) Full Stack Development
8 453 (10.23%) Scrum
9 414 (9.35%) Test Automation
10 370 (8.36%) Continuous Integration
11 324 (7.32%) BDD
12 304 (6.87%) Migration
13 288 (6.51%) Open Source
14 264 (5.96%) Configuration Management
15 247 (5.58%) Asset Management
16 246 (5.56%) Problem-Solving
17 243 (5.49%) SDLC
18 240 (5.42%) Investment Management
19 239 (5.40%) Site Reliability Engineering
20 234 (5.29%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,463 (33.05%) Java
2 1,181 (26.68%) Python
3 830 (18.75%) JavaScript
4 614 (13.87%) SQL
5 453 (10.23%) C#
6 446 (10.07%) Bash Shell
7 423 (9.56%) TypeScript
8 362 (8.18%) Go
9 287 (6.48%) PowerShell
10 242 (5.47%) Scala
11 184 (4.16%) Java 8
12 161 (3.64%) Groovy
13 128 (2.89%) C++
14 124 (2.80%) Ruby
15 107 (2.42%) Kotlin
16 99 (2.24%) Java 11
17 75 (1.69%) PL/SQL
17 75 (1.69%) Shell Script
18 70 (1.58%) C
19 62 (1.40%) Perl
Qualifications
1 487 (11.00%) Security Cleared
2 381 (8.61%) SC Cleared
3 168 (3.79%) Degree
4 71 (1.60%) DV Cleared
5 47 (1.06%) Computer Science Degree
6 44 (0.99%) AWS Certification
7 42 (0.95%) CISSP
8 39 (0.88%) BPSS Clearance
9 22 (0.50%) SANS
10 17 (0.38%) CREST Certified
11 10 (0.23%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 10 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
12 9 (0.20%) Master's Degree
13 8 (0.18%) CCSP
13 8 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
14 7 (0.16%) GIAC
15 5 (0.11%) CISM
15 5 (0.11%) DBS Check
16 4 (0.090%) OCP
16 4 (0.090%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 128 (2.89%) QA
2 86 (1.94%) GDPR
3 30 (0.68%) NCSC
4 28 (0.63%) PCI DSS
5 23 (0.52%) Data Quality
6 22 (0.50%) Accessibility
7 19 (0.43%) SLA
8 8 (0.18%) NIST
9 7 (0.16%) COBIT
9 7 (0.16%) OASIS TOSCA
9 7 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 5 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 4 (0.090%) Disclosure Scotland
12 3 (0.068%) Basel II
12 3 (0.068%) FedRAMP
12 3 (0.068%) PMO
12 3 (0.068%) PSD2
13 1 (0.023%) DICOM
13 1 (0.023%) HIPAA
13 1 (0.023%) ISO 9000
System Software
1 2,949 (66.61%) Docker
2 127 (2.87%) Active Directory
3 75 (1.69%) VMware Infrastructure
4 42 (0.95%) Virtual Machines
5 36 (0.81%) HDFS
6 27 (0.61%) vCloud
7 25 (0.56%) VMware ESXi
8 24 (0.54%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 24 (0.54%) vSphere
9 16 (0.36%) LXC
9 16 (0.36%) VMware NSX
10 13 (0.29%) NFS
10 13 (0.29%) OpenAM
11 12 (0.27%) KVM
11 12 (0.27%) VMware Workstation
12 7 (0.16%) Hyper-V
13 6 (0.14%) OpenIDM
13 6 (0.14%) Squid
14 4 (0.090%) Ceph
14 4 (0.090%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 1,870 (42.24%) Terraform
2 872 (19.70%) Ansible
3 318 (7.18%) Puppet
4 291 (6.57%) Prometheus
5 264 (5.96%) Grafana
6 172 (3.89%) Opscode Chef
7 120 (2.71%) Istio
8 101 (2.28%) Rancher
9 90 (2.03%) Packer
10 87 (1.97%) Docker Swarm
11 82 (1.85%) Kibana
12 65 (1.47%) Consul
13 35 (0.79%) logstash
14 33 (0.75%) ZABBIX
15 27 (0.61%) Nagios
16 26 (0.59%) Oozie
17 22 (0.50%) HAProxy
17 22 (0.50%) MIIS
18 19 (0.43%) Fluentd
18 19 (0.43%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 375 (8.47%) Google
2 361 (8.15%) Microsoft
3 257 (5.81%) Oracle
4 173 (3.91%) Splunk
5 121 (2.73%) Red Hat
6 117 (2.64%) VMware
7 93 (2.10%) MuleSoft
8 71 (1.60%) Databricks
9 69 (1.56%) IBM
10 66 (1.49%) Atlassian
11 65 (1.47%) Dynatrace
12 63 (1.42%) AppDynamics
13 53 (1.20%) Cisco
13 53 (1.20%) SAP
14 50 (1.13%) New Relic
15 47 (1.06%) Cloudera
16 44 (0.99%) Hortonworks
17 32 (0.72%) CA
18 28 (0.63%) Informatica
19 27 (0.61%) Sybase