Period
to 2 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 2 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > England
6 months to
2 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 39 47 124
Rank change year-on-year +8 +77 +160
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 2,105 3,853 1,952
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.17% 4.65% 2.10%
As % of the Systems Management category 34.66% 30.89% 15.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,637 2,910 1,432
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £413 £425 £419
90th Percentile £700 £688 £688
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 14 6
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.53 £57.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.60% -24.29% +9.52%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £46.85 £57.50
% change year-on-year -25.29% -18.53% +9.52%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 6,073 12,475 12,265
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.92% 15.06% 13.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,043 8,341 8,233
Median daily rate £500 £500 £498
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +0.50% +7.57%
10th Percentile £290 £313 £289
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 169 301 298
Median hourly rate £22.00 £19.50 £18.61
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.82% +4.81% -11.40%
10th Percentile £12.95 £12.00 £11.76
90th Percentile £47.40 £49.50 £50.08
Median hourly rate £23.59 £20.00 £18.61
% change year-on-year +17.93% +7.50% -19.11%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 2 June 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 2 June 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the England region over the 6 months to 2 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +9 1,416 £550 -2.22% 256
North of England +23 286 £538 +2.38% 99
South East -4 151 £475 -9.52% 49
North West +5 133 £550 - 63
South West -24 109 £550 - 26
Yorkshire +49 97 £531 +18.06% 30
Midlands +7 65 £425 -16.67% 18
East of England +59 54 £475 -20.83% 25
North East +22 50 £438 -7.89% 6
East Midlands +18 33 £425 -19.05% 5
West Midlands +8 30 £450 -10.00% 13
Kubernetes
UK

For the 6 months to 2 June 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 1,512 (71.83%) Docker
2 1,289 (61.24%) DevOps
3 1,101 (52.30%) AWS
4 887 (42.14%) Agile Software Development
5 819 (38.91%) Terraform
6 778 (36.96%) Java
7 746 (35.44%) Python
8 738 (35.06%) Azure
9 628 (29.83%) Microservices
10 615 (29.22%) Jenkins
11 545 (25.89%) Ansible
12 499 (23.71%) Linux
13 433 (20.57%) GCP
14 393 (18.67%) Git (software)
15 388 (18.43%) Finance
16 334 (15.87%) JavaScript
17 322 (15.30%) Software Engineering
18 314 (14.92%) Web Services
19 313 (14.87%) SQL
20 303 (14.39%) Security Cleared
21 288 (13.68%) Continuous Integration
22 286 (13.59%) Test Automation
23 278 (13.21%) OpenShift
24 266 (12.64%) Node.js
25 257 (12.21%) Serverless
26 255 (12.11%) Infrastructure as Code
27 254 (12.07%) TDD
28 251 (11.92%) SC Cleared
29 226 (10.74%) Spring
30 224 (10.64%) Google

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (5.13%) Confluence
2 104 (4.94%) Apache Spark
2 104 (4.94%) Elasticsearch
3 75 (3.56%) Apache
4 50 (2.38%) nginx
5 33 (1.57%) Tomcat
6 19 (0.90%) Camunda
7 17 (0.81%) Cloud Foundry
8 16 (0.76%) Apache Airflow
9 15 (0.71%) OpenStack
10 14 (0.67%) CMS
10 14 (0.67%) SAS
11 11 (0.52%) IIS
11 11 (0.52%) Red Hat Fuse
12 10 (0.48%) WebSphere
13 8 (0.38%) Apache Solr
14 7 (0.33%) JBoss
14 7 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 7 (0.33%) WordPress
15 6 (0.29%) Umbraco
Applications
1 3 (0.14%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.095%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.048%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 6 (0.29%) NetSuite
2 5 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
3 3 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.14%) Magento
4 2 (0.095%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.048%) Actimize
5 1 (0.048%) Maximo
5 1 (0.048%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.048%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.048%) ResourceLink
5 1 (0.048%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.048%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,101 (52.30%) AWS
2 738 (35.06%) Azure
3 433 (20.57%) GCP
4 278 (13.21%) OpenShift
5 257 (12.21%) Serverless
6 192 (9.12%) AWS Lambda
7 183 (8.69%) AWS CloudFormation
8 180 (8.55%) Amazon EC2
9 165 (7.84%) Amazon ECS
10 157 (7.46%) Amazon S3
11 137 (6.51%) GitHub
12 91 (4.32%) SaaS
13 81 (3.85%) Amazon SQS
14 79 (3.75%) PaaS
15 65 (3.09%) Amazon EKS
16 61 (2.90%) IaaS
17 55 (2.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 44 (2.09%) Apigee
19 32 (1.52%) Route 53
20 28 (1.33%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 72 (3.42%) HTTP
2 53 (2.52%) SSL
3 51 (2.42%) DNS
4 49 (2.33%) TCP/IP
5 43 (2.04%) Firewall
6 35 (1.66%) HTTPS
7 19 (0.90%) VPN
8 12 (0.57%) Internet
8 12 (0.57%) Kerberos
9 8 (0.38%) DSL
9 8 (0.38%) WAN
10 7 (0.33%) DHCP
11 6 (0.29%) FTP
12 5 (0.24%) BGP
12 5 (0.24%) Skype
13 4 (0.19%) LAN
13 4 (0.19%) MPLS
13 4 (0.19%) OpenVPN
13 4 (0.19%) Reverse Proxy
13 4 (0.19%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 188 (8.93%) Big Data
2 167 (7.93%) NoSQL
3 151 (7.17%) MongoDB
4 138 (6.56%) SQL Server
5 118 (5.61%) Amazon RDS
6 117 (5.56%) Amazon Redshift
6 117 (5.56%) PostgreSQL
7 114 (5.42%) MySQL
8 108 (5.13%) Hadoop
9 70 (3.33%) Relational Database
10 47 (2.23%) Redis
11 38 (1.81%) BigQuery
12 37 (1.76%) Apache Cassandra
12 37 (1.76%) Data Lake
13 33 (1.57%) Data Warehouse
14 30 (1.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 24 (1.14%) Amazon Athena
16 22 (1.05%) Cosmos DB
17 20 (0.95%) Azure SQL Database
17 20 (0.95%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 615 (29.22%) Jenkins
2 393 (18.67%) Git (software)
3 171 (8.12%) JIRA
4 150 (7.13%) Artifactory
5 142 (6.75%) GitLab
6 103 (4.89%) CircleCI
7 97 (4.61%) Maven
8 69 (3.28%) Cucumber
9 66 (3.14%) Mockito
10 60 (2.85%) RStudio
11 58 (2.76%) Selenium
12 57 (2.71%) Travis CI
13 51 (2.42%) Bitbucket
14 48 (2.28%) Gradle
14 48 (2.28%) Sonatype Nexus
15 47 (2.23%) TeamCity
16 42 (2.00%) JUnit
17 40 (1.90%) SonarQube
18 37 (1.76%) webpack
19 35 (1.66%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 388 (18.43%) Finance
2 170 (8.08%) Banking
3 156 (7.41%) Public Sector
4 108 (5.13%) Front Office
5 45 (2.14%) Retail
6 40 (1.90%) Telecoms
7 37 (1.76%) Investment Banking
8 24 (1.14%) Back Office
9 18 (0.86%) Games
10 17 (0.81%) Financial Institution
11 14 (0.67%) Marketing
12 13 (0.62%) Law
12 13 (0.62%) Publishing
13 12 (0.57%) Manufacturing
14 8 (0.38%) Electronics
15 6 (0.29%) Advertising
16 5 (0.24%) Retail Banking
17 4 (0.19%) Automotive
18 2 (0.095%) Pharmaceutical
18 2 (0.095%) Police
Job Titles
1 703 (33.40%) Developer
2 660 (31.35%) DevOps Engineer
3 343 (16.29%) Java Developer
4 255 (12.11%) AWS Engineer
5 206 (9.79%) AWS DevOps
6 170 (8.08%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 137 (6.51%) Kubernetes Engineer
8 129 (6.13%) Architect
9 112 (5.32%) Senior DevOps
10 107 (5.08%) Cloud Engineer
11 102 (4.85%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 99 (4.70%) AWS Developer
13 97 (4.61%) Data Engineer
14 94 (4.47%) Azure Engineer
15 90 (4.28%) Senior Developer
16 77 (3.66%) Python Engineer
17 75 (3.56%) Azure DevOps Engineer
17 75 (3.56%) Java Engineer
18 73 (3.47%) Software Engineer
19 70 (3.33%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 314 (14.92%) Web Services
2 266 (12.64%) Node.js
3 226 (10.74%) Spring
4 213 (10.12%) React
5 200 (9.50%) .NET
6 191 (9.07%) Kafka
7 166 (7.89%) REST
8 156 (7.41%) Spring Boot
9 131 (6.22%) AngularJS
10 108 (5.13%) RESTful
11 86 (4.09%) .NET Core
12 84 (3.99%) CSS
13 79 (3.75%) HTML
13 79 (3.75%) J2EE
14 71 (3.37%) Redux
15 70 (3.33%) ActiveMQ
16 68 (3.23%) Elastic Stack
16 68 (3.23%) JAX-RS
17 67 (3.18%) J2SE
18 64 (3.04%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 177 (8.41%) Greenfield Project
2 107 (5.08%) Public Cloud
3 98 (4.66%) Cloud Native
4 88 (4.18%) Fixed Income
5 82 (3.90%) Derivative
5 82 (3.90%) Equities
6 70 (3.33%) Analytical Skills
7 66 (3.14%) User Experience
8 47 (2.23%) Hedge funds
9 46 (2.19%) Data Centre
10 43 (2.04%) Linux Command Line
11 32 (1.52%) Mobile App
12 29 (1.38%) Hybrid Cloud
13 27 (1.28%) Private Cloud
14 25 (1.19%) Self-Motivation
15 24 (1.14%) Data Structures
15 24 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
16 23 (1.09%) Algorithms
17 22 (1.05%) Virtual Team
18 18 (0.86%) Semantic Web
Operating Systems
1 499 (23.71%) Linux
2 150 (7.13%) Unix
3 117 (5.56%) Windows
4 67 (3.18%) Mac OS X
5 58 (2.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 30 (1.43%) CentOS
7 25 (1.19%) Windows Server
8 20 (0.95%) Ubuntu
9 15 (0.71%) Android
10 14 (0.67%) CoreOS
11 11 (0.52%) Apple iOS
12 8 (0.38%) Windows Server 2016
13 4 (0.19%) Debian
13 4 (0.19%) Solaris
14 3 (0.14%) Mac OS
14 3 (0.14%) SUSE
14 3 (0.14%) Windows 10
15 2 (0.095%) DC/OS
15 2 (0.095%) Fedora
15 2 (0.095%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,289 (61.24%) DevOps
2 887 (42.14%) Agile Software Development
3 628 (29.83%) Microservices
4 322 (15.30%) Software Engineering
5 288 (13.68%) Continuous Integration
6 286 (13.59%) Test Automation
7 255 (12.11%) Infrastructure as Code
8 254 (12.07%) TDD
9 216 (10.26%) Scrum
10 181 (8.60%) Open Source
11 176 (8.36%) Configuration Management
12 172 (8.17%) BDD
13 167 (7.93%) Continuous Delivery
14 165 (7.84%) Migration
15 158 (7.51%) Asset Management
16 140 (6.65%) Deployment Automation
17 122 (5.80%) Continuous Deployment
18 112 (5.32%) Mentoring
19 107 (5.08%) Pair Programming
19 107 (5.08%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 778 (36.96%) Java
2 746 (35.44%) Python
3 334 (15.87%) JavaScript
4 313 (14.87%) SQL
5 223 (10.59%) C#
6 216 (10.26%) Java 8
7 175 (8.31%) Bash Shell
8 144 (6.84%) PowerShell
9 124 (5.89%) TypeScript
10 122 (5.80%) Ruby
11 117 (5.56%) Go
12 98 (4.66%) R
13 85 (4.04%) Scala
14 84 (3.99%) Groovy
15 58 (2.76%) Shell Script
16 56 (2.66%) Perl
17 43 (2.04%) PHP
18 37 (1.76%) Kotlin
19 35 (1.66%) ES6
20 31 (1.47%) C++
Qualifications
1 303 (14.39%) Security Cleared
2 251 (11.92%) SC Cleared
3 76 (3.61%) Degree
4 33 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
5 32 (1.52%) BPSS Clearance
6 24 (1.14%) CCA
7 22 (1.05%) DBS Check
8 18 (0.86%) AWS Certification
9 11 (0.52%) DV Cleared
10 8 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
10 8 (0.38%) Sun Certification
11 7 (0.33%) SANS
12 5 (0.24%) CISSP
12 5 (0.24%) ISTQB
13 4 (0.19%) MCSA
14 3 (0.14%) GIAC
14 3 (0.14%) ITIL Certification
14 3 (0.14%) MCSE
14 3 (0.14%) OCP
14 3 (0.14%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 58 (2.76%) QA
2 10 (0.48%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.38%) SLA
4 6 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
5 5 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
5 5 (0.24%) GDPR
5 5 (0.24%) HIPAA
6 4 (0.19%) PMO
7 3 (0.14%) NIST
7 3 (0.14%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.048%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,512 (71.83%) Docker
2 29 (1.38%) VMware Infrastructure
3 28 (1.33%) Active Directory
4 23 (1.09%) Virtual Machines
5 11 (0.52%) LXC
6 10 (0.48%) vSphere
7 5 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 5 (0.24%) HDFS
7 5 (0.24%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.24%) Xen
8 4 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
8 4 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.19%) VMware NSX
9 3 (0.14%) Apache Flume
9 3 (0.14%) NFS
9 3 (0.14%) Samba
9 3 (0.14%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 3 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
9 3 (0.14%) VirtualBox
10 2 (0.095%) GlusterFS
Systems Management
1 819 (38.91%) Terraform
2 545 (25.89%) Ansible
3 224 (10.64%) Puppet
4 156 (7.41%) Opscode Chef
5 75 (3.56%) Packer
6 73 (3.47%) Prometheus
7 54 (2.57%) Docker Swarm
8 44 (2.09%) Salt
9 43 (2.04%) Istio
10 34 (1.62%) Grafana
11 28 (1.33%) Rancher
12 27 (1.28%) Kibana
13 22 (1.05%) Zipkin
14 14 (0.67%) Consul
14 14 (0.67%) Nagios
15 13 (0.62%) logstash
15 13 (0.62%) Mesos
16 10 (0.48%) Kubeflow
17 6 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
17 6 (0.29%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 224 (10.64%) Google
2 136 (6.46%) Microsoft
3 86 (4.09%) Cloudera
4 70 (3.33%) Oracle
5 69 (3.28%) Hortonworks
6 54 (2.57%) Red Hat
7 51 (2.42%) Splunk
8 38 (1.81%) VMware
9 34 (1.62%) Atlassian
10 20 (0.95%) New Relic
11 18 (0.86%) Databricks
11 18 (0.86%) SAP
12 15 (0.71%) Confluent
13 14 (0.67%) IBM
14 13 (0.62%) Sybase
15 10 (0.48%) Dynatrace
15 10 (0.48%) Tableau
15 10 (0.48%) Xamarin
16 9 (0.43%) MapR
16 9 (0.43%) Veracode