Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > England
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 22 46 53
Rank change year-on-year +24 +7 +94
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 2,792 2,534 3,827
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 6.70% 4.71% 4.34%
As % of the Systems Management category 41.45% 32.26% 28.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,150 1,922 2,883
10th Percentile £413 £413 £425
25th Percentile £463 £488 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% - -
75th Percentile £625 £625 £638
90th Percentile £713 £700 £700
UK median daily rate £525 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -4.55% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 3 1
10th Percentile £25.80 £19.30 "
25th Percentile £35.00 £29.88 £10.25
Median hourly rate £51.50 £50.00 £10.50
Median % change year-on-year +3.00% +376.19% -73.75%
75th Percentile £60.00 £52.50 £10.75
90th Percentile £66.40 " "
UK median hourly rate £47.47 £50.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -5.06% +17.65% +6.25%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 6,736 7,855 13,285
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 16.16% 14.59% 15.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,821 5,465 9,105
10th Percentile £330 £263 £313
25th Percentile £413 £400 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £594 £590
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 114 206 291
10th Percentile £14.00 £12.43 £12.00
25th Percentile £16.44 £13.72 £14.01
Median hourly rate £22.75 £17.50 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year +30.00% -2.78% +3.27%
75th Percentile £48.13 £24.86 £27.38
90th Percentile £61.18 £44.51 £49.50
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £18.00 £18.50
% change year-on-year +33.33% -2.70% +5.71%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the England region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +10 1,903 £550 -4.35% 723
South East +36 224 £500 - 142
North of England -2 201 £500 -4.76% 217
South West +37 136 £475 -13.64% 74
North West +5 108 £500 -6.98% 112
East of England +48 83 £525 +10.53% 47
Yorkshire +10 77 £500 -4.76% 81
Midlands -14 49 £455 +1.11% 94
West Midlands +12 33 £425 -15.00% 71
North East -8 16 £450 -5.26% 24
East Midlands -7 15 £538 +26.47% 23
Kubernetes
UK

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 1,885 (67.51%) Docker
2 1,278 (45.77%) DevOps
3 1,239 (44.38%) AWS
4 1,060 (37.97%) Agile Software Development
5 1,050 (37.61%) Terraform
6 1,028 (36.82%) Java
7 990 (35.46%) Azure
8 822 (29.44%) Microservices
8 822 (29.44%) Python
9 648 (23.21%) Linux
10 629 (22.53%) Finance
11 586 (20.99%) JavaScript
12 583 (20.88%) Software Engineering
13 573 (20.52%) Node.js
14 540 (19.34%) GCP
15 533 (19.09%) Jenkins
16 483 (17.30%) Ansible
17 472 (16.91%) React
18 416 (14.90%) Security Cleared
19 405 (14.51%) Git (software)
20 367 (13.14%) Web Services
21 352 (12.61%) SC Cleared
22 349 (12.50%) Spring
23 336 (12.03%) SQL
24 333 (11.93%) Serverless
25 325 (11.64%) Kafka
26 319 (11.43%) Infrastructure as Code
27 314 (11.25%) TDD
28 306 (10.96%) Front Office
29 304 (10.89%) TypeScript

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 121 (4.33%) Apache Spark
2 120 (4.30%) Elasticsearch
3 117 (4.19%) Apache
4 90 (3.22%) Confluence
5 65 (2.33%) Mule
6 55 (1.97%) nginx
7 43 (1.54%) OpenStack
8 35 (1.25%) Cloud Foundry
9 33 (1.18%) JBoss
9 33 (1.18%) Tomcat
10 31 (1.11%) BizTalk Server
11 25 (0.90%) WebSphere
12 23 (0.82%) Red Hat Fuse
13 21 (0.75%) Oracle Coherence
14 18 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
14 18 (0.64%) Camunda
15 14 (0.50%) WebSphere Application Server
16 10 (0.36%) SharePoint
17 9 (0.32%) IIS
18 8 (0.29%) IBM Domino
Applications
1 10 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.18%) Chatbot
3 4 (0.14%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (0.32%) Magento
2 7 (0.25%) Shopify
3 6 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
4 3 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
5 2 (0.072%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.072%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.036%) Maximo
6 1 (0.036%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.036%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.036%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.036%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.036%) Tesseract
6 1 (0.036%) Traffica
Cloud Services
1 1,239 (44.38%) AWS
2 990 (35.46%) Azure
3 540 (19.34%) GCP
4 333 (11.93%) Serverless
5 264 (9.46%) AWS Lambda
6 221 (7.92%) OpenShift
7 203 (7.27%) Amazon S3
8 185 (6.63%) GitHub
9 170 (6.09%) Amazon SQS
10 159 (5.69%) PaaS
11 154 (5.52%) Amazon EKS
12 141 (5.05%) AWS Step Functions
13 109 (3.90%) IaaS
14 95 (3.40%) AWS CloudFormation
15 92 (3.30%) SaaS
16 68 (2.44%) Cloud Computing
17 67 (2.40%) Amazon ECS
18 55 (1.97%) Amazon EC2
19 45 (1.61%) Azure Functions
20 44 (1.58%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 55 (1.97%) Firewall
2 54 (1.93%) DNS
3 43 (1.54%) HTTP
4 28 (1.00%) SSL
5 25 (0.90%) Software-Defined Networking
5 25 (0.90%) TCP/IP
5 25 (0.90%) VPN
6 17 (0.61%) 3GPP
6 17 (0.61%) Network Security
6 17 (0.61%) SGSN
7 16 (0.57%) Internet
8 15 (0.54%) Kerberos
8 15 (0.54%) WAN
9 13 (0.47%) SSH
10 12 (0.43%) Calico
11 11 (0.39%) HTTPS
11 11 (0.39%) Multicast
11 11 (0.39%) SAN
12 10 (0.36%) FTP
12 10 (0.36%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 202 (7.23%) Amazon RDS
2 177 (6.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 175 (6.27%) PostgreSQL
4 167 (5.98%) MongoDB
5 153 (5.48%) NoSQL
6 152 (5.44%) Big Data
7 122 (4.37%) Relational Database
8 100 (3.58%) SQL Server
9 94 (3.37%) MySQL
10 73 (2.61%) Hadoop
11 66 (2.36%) Azure SQL Database
12 54 (1.93%) BigQuery
13 51 (1.83%) Apache Cassandra
14 48 (1.72%) Apache Hive
15 46 (1.65%) Redis
16 31 (1.11%) Apache Ignite
16 31 (1.11%) Cosmos DB
17 28 (1.00%) Blockchain
17 28 (1.00%) Data Lake
18 24 (0.86%) Cloud Spanner
Development Applications
1 533 (19.09%) Jenkins
2 405 (14.51%) Git (software)
3 180 (6.45%) JIRA
4 172 (6.16%) Maven
5 160 (5.73%) GitLab
6 86 (3.08%) Gradle
7 79 (2.83%) JUnit
8 78 (2.79%) Cucumber
9 76 (2.72%) Sonatype Nexus
10 66 (2.36%) SonarQube
11 56 (2.01%) TeamCity
12 54 (1.93%) Artifactory
13 52 (1.86%) Bitbucket
14 51 (1.83%) CircleCI
15 50 (1.79%) Selenium
16 46 (1.65%) Mockito
17 30 (1.07%) webpack
18 29 (1.04%) git-flow
19 27 (0.97%) Ant
20 25 (0.90%) Travis CI
General
1 629 (22.53%) Finance
2 306 (10.96%) Front Office
3 280 (10.03%) Banking
4 140 (5.01%) Public Sector
5 79 (2.83%) Telecoms
6 57 (2.04%) Marketing
7 52 (1.86%) Retail
8 51 (1.83%) Investment Banking
9 38 (1.36%) Electronics
9 38 (1.36%) Manufacturing
10 23 (0.82%) Law
11 15 (0.54%) Automotive
11 15 (0.54%) Games
12 12 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
13 10 (0.36%) Publishing
14 9 (0.32%) Advertising
14 9 (0.32%) Back Office
15 8 (0.29%) Aerospace
15 8 (0.29%) Financial Institution
16 7 (0.25%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,134 (40.62%) Developer
2 646 (23.14%) DevOps Engineer
3 405 (14.51%) Java Developer
4 253 (9.06%) React Developer
5 231 (8.27%) Architect
6 219 (7.84%) AWS Engineer
7 214 (7.66%) AWS DevOps
8 192 (6.88%) AWS Developer
9 190 (6.81%) Senior Developer
10 181 (6.48%) Full Stack Developer
11 165 (5.91%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 147 (5.27%) Azure Engineer
13 146 (5.23%) Cloud Engineer
14 136 (4.87%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 111 (3.98%) Node.js Developer
16 105 (3.76%) JavaScript Developer
17 104 (3.72%) Software Engineer
18 99 (3.55%) Azure DevOps Engineer
19 89 (3.19%) Senior Java Developer
20 88 (3.15%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 573 (20.52%) Node.js
2 472 (16.91%) React
3 367 (13.14%) Web Services
4 349 (12.50%) Spring
5 325 (11.64%) Kafka
6 246 (8.81%) .NET
7 242 (8.67%) Spring Boot
8 239 (8.56%) REST
9 155 (5.55%) .NET Core
10 127 (4.55%) RESTful
11 122 (4.37%) AngularJS
12 112 (4.01%) JSON
13 107 (3.83%) CSS
14 96 (3.44%) Middleware
15 92 (3.30%) Elastic Stack
16 91 (3.26%) GraphQL
17 86 (3.08%) HTML
18 72 (2.58%) YAML
19 70 (2.51%) Apache Camel
20 67 (2.40%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 221 (7.92%) Cloud Native
2 151 (5.41%) Greenfield Project
3 115 (4.12%) User Experience
4 103 (3.69%) Public Cloud
5 83 (2.97%) Data Centre
6 62 (2.22%) Analytical Skills
7 53 (1.90%) Fixed Income
8 49 (1.76%) Self-Motivation
9 47 (1.68%) Derivative
10 45 (1.61%) Private Cloud
11 41 (1.47%) Algorithms
12 36 (1.29%) Enterprise Software
12 36 (1.29%) Hybrid Cloud
13 35 (1.25%) iPad
13 35 (1.25%) Management Information System
13 35 (1.25%) Mobile App
14 34 (1.22%) Linux Command Line
15 28 (1.00%) Equities
16 27 (0.97%) Market Risk
17 26 (0.93%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 648 (23.21%) Linux
2 185 (6.63%) Unix
3 163 (5.84%) Windows
4 62 (2.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 34 (1.22%) Windows Server
6 29 (1.04%) CentOS
7 19 (0.68%) Mac OS X
8 18 (0.64%) Android
9 17 (0.61%) Apple iOS
9 17 (0.61%) Ubuntu
10 12 (0.43%) Solaris
11 11 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
12 10 (0.36%) VMS
12 10 (0.36%) Windows Server 2016
13 8 (0.29%) CoreOS
14 7 (0.25%) AIX
14 7 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
15 6 (0.21%) Debian
15 6 (0.21%) HPUX
15 6 (0.21%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,278 (45.77%) DevOps
2 1,060 (37.97%) Agile Software Development
3 822 (29.44%) Microservices
4 583 (20.88%) Software Engineering
5 319 (11.43%) Infrastructure as Code
6 314 (11.25%) TDD
7 272 (9.74%) Test Automation
8 268 (9.60%) Scrum
9 241 (8.63%) Asset Management
10 239 (8.56%) Investment Management
11 237 (8.49%) Continuous Integration
12 187 (6.70%) BDD
13 170 (6.09%) Migration
14 156 (5.59%) Open Source
15 148 (5.30%) Configuration Management
16 139 (4.98%) Continuous Delivery
17 125 (4.48%) SDLC
18 117 (4.19%) Continuous Deployment
19 116 (4.15%) Kanban
20 115 (4.12%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,028 (36.82%) Java
2 822 (29.44%) Python
3 586 (20.99%) JavaScript
4 336 (12.03%) SQL
5 304 (10.89%) TypeScript
6 245 (8.78%) Go
7 242 (8.67%) C#
8 196 (7.02%) Bash Shell
9 187 (6.70%) Java 8
10 155 (5.55%) Kotlin
11 149 (5.34%) Scala
12 136 (4.87%) PowerShell
13 124 (4.44%) C++
14 99 (3.55%) Ruby
15 61 (2.18%) Shell Script
16 60 (2.15%) Groovy
17 59 (2.11%) C
18 54 (1.93%) Perl
19 52 (1.86%) PHP
20 49 (1.76%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 416 (14.90%) Security Cleared
2 352 (12.61%) SC Cleared
3 120 (4.30%) Degree
4 42 (1.50%) DV Cleared
5 25 (0.90%) AWS Certification
6 19 (0.68%) Computer Science Degree
7 18 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
8 11 (0.39%) CISSP
9 9 (0.32%) CISM
10 8 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
10 8 (0.29%) RHCE
11 6 (0.21%) CCNA
11 6 (0.21%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.18%) CCNP
12 5 (0.18%) SANS
13 4 (0.14%) CCA
13 4 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
13 4 (0.14%) RHCSA
13 4 (0.14%) RHCVA
14 3 (0.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 48 (1.72%) QA
2 21 (0.75%) SLA
3 17 (0.61%) OASIS TOSCA
4 14 (0.50%) PCI DSS
5 9 (0.32%) GDPR
6 8 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 8 (0.29%) NIST
7 6 (0.21%) Data Quality
8 4 (0.14%) COBIT
8 4 (0.14%) WCAG
9 3 (0.11%) HIPAA
9 3 (0.11%) RMADS
9 3 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.072%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.072%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.036%) Government Security Classifications
11 1 (0.036%) HL7
11 1 (0.036%) IFRS
11 1 (0.036%) NCSC
11 1 (0.036%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,885 (67.51%) Docker
2 74 (2.65%) VMware Infrastructure
3 57 (2.04%) Virtual Machines
4 45 (1.61%) Active Directory
5 31 (1.11%) VMware ESXi
6 27 (0.97%) VMware NSX
7 25 (0.90%) KVM
8 22 (0.79%) Hyper-V
8 22 (0.79%) LXC
9 17 (0.61%) HDFS
10 13 (0.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 13 (0.47%) NFS
11 7 (0.25%) Postfix
11 7 (0.25%) qmail
11 7 (0.25%) vSphere
11 7 (0.25%) Xen
12 4 (0.14%) Ceph
12 4 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
12 4 (0.14%) SRDF
13 3 (0.11%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,050 (37.61%) Terraform
2 483 (17.30%) Ansible
3 156 (5.59%) Puppet
4 142 (5.09%) Prometheus
5 124 (4.44%) Grafana
6 118 (4.23%) Opscode Chef
7 109 (3.90%) Istio
8 68 (2.44%) Kibana
9 48 (1.72%) Rancher
10 42 (1.50%) Packer
11 41 (1.47%) Docker Swarm
12 36 (1.29%) Consul
13 35 (1.25%) logstash
14 27 (0.97%) Fluentd
15 21 (0.75%) Argo
16 20 (0.72%) Nagios
17 17 (0.61%) Cloudify
17 17 (0.61%) Juju
18 15 (0.54%) Oozie
19 13 (0.47%) Icinga
Vendors
1 252 (9.03%) Google
2 160 (5.73%) Microsoft
3 144 (5.16%) Oracle
4 113 (4.05%) VMware
5 93 (3.33%) Red Hat
6 86 (3.08%) Splunk
7 64 (2.29%) MuleSoft
8 52 (1.86%) SAP
9 50 (1.79%) AppDynamics
10 43 (1.54%) IBM
11 38 (1.36%) Cisco
12 32 (1.15%) Atlassian
12 32 (1.15%) Dynatrace
13 27 (0.97%) Bloomberg
13 27 (0.97%) Juniper
14 25 (0.90%) F5
15 23 (0.82%) New Relic
16 20 (0.72%) Cloudera
17 18 (0.64%) Hortonworks
17 18 (0.64%) Sybase