Period
to 29 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 29 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > England
6 months to
29 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 26 50 88
Rank change year-on-year +24 +38 +130
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 1,612 3,558 2,678
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 6.23% 4.51% 2.88%
As % of the Systems Management category 39.32% 30.32% 20.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,297 2,709 2,036
Median daily rate £538 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.27% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £400 £425 £413
90th Percentile £713 £700 £688
UK median daily rate £538 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -2.27% - +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 21 7
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.57 £60.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.46% -25.73% -
10th Percentile £31.25 £37.50 £42.40
90th Percentile £38.80 £70.00 £73.75
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £60.00
% change year-on-year -22.22% -25.00% -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 4,100 11,735 13,000
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.84% 14.86% 13.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,641 7,986 8,855
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £313 £294 £300
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £490
% change year-on-year - +2.04% +5.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 115 266 366
Median hourly rate £35.00 £20.50 £18.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +70.73% +10.81% +5.71%
10th Percentile £13.66 £12.47 £12.25
90th Percentile £47.70 £54.63 £47.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £18.50
% change year-on-year +62.79% +16.22% +2.78%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the England region over the 6 months to 29 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +9 1,078 £550 -4.35% 448
North of England +35 209 £525 +5.00% 148
South East +33 129 £502 -4.38% 121
North West +24 117 £525 - 93
Yorkshire +37 72 £525 +5.00% 38
Midlands +35 47 £435 -13.00% 56
East of England +57 46 £500 -4.76% 34
South West -20 42 £425 -24.44% 48
West Midlands +41 31 £435 -17.14% 42
North East +31 16 £495 +11.55% 17
East Midlands +30 15 £480 -4.00% 14
Kubernetes
UK

For the 6 months to 29 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 1,110 (68.86%) Docker
2 921 (57.13%) DevOps
3 891 (55.27%) AWS
4 726 (45.04%) Agile Software Development
5 695 (43.11%) Java
6 660 (40.94%) Azure
7 625 (38.77%) Python
8 590 (36.60%) Microservices
9 562 (34.86%) Terraform
10 462 (28.66%) Jenkins
11 418 (25.93%) Linux
12 373 (23.14%) Finance
13 354 (21.96%) Ansible
14 341 (21.15%) GCP
15 313 (19.42%) SQL
16 284 (17.62%) Web Services
17 262 (16.25%) Git (software)
18 258 (16.00%) Security Cleared
19 254 (15.76%) Software Engineering
20 237 (14.70%) TDD
21 218 (13.52%) Serverless
22 216 (13.40%) Infrastructure as Code
23 213 (13.21%) SC Cleared
24 206 (12.78%) GitLab
25 196 (12.16%) Banking
26 194 (12.03%) Continuous Integration
26 194 (12.03%) Test Automation
27 190 (11.79%) Puppet
28 185 (11.48%) JavaScript
29 184 (11.41%) Google

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 127 (7.88%) Apache
2 72 (4.47%) Elasticsearch
3 71 (4.40%) Apache Spark
4 63 (3.91%) Confluence
5 30 (1.86%) nginx
6 28 (1.74%) Mule
7 24 (1.49%) Tomcat
8 23 (1.43%) OpenStack
9 17 (1.05%) JBoss
10 12 (0.74%) Jupyter
10 12 (0.74%) WebSphere
11 11 (0.68%) Cloud Foundry
11 11 (0.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 9 (0.56%) SharePoint
12 9 (0.56%) WebLogic
13 7 (0.43%) Apache Airflow
13 7 (0.43%) Red Hat Fuse
13 7 (0.43%) WordPress
14 6 (0.37%) Apache Solr
14 6 (0.37%) CMS
Applications
1 9 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.12%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
1 4 (0.25%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 2 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.12%) Magento
2 2 (0.12%) R3 Corda
2 2 (0.12%) SAP FI-CA
2 2 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.062%) Maximo
3 1 (0.062%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.062%) ResourceLink
3 1 (0.062%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 891 (55.27%) AWS
2 660 (40.94%) Azure
3 341 (21.15%) GCP
4 218 (13.52%) Serverless
5 182 (11.29%) OpenShift
6 178 (11.04%) AWS Lambda
7 163 (10.11%) Amazon ECS
8 124 (7.69%) Amazon EC2
9 119 (7.38%) AWS CloudFormation
10 113 (7.01%) Amazon S3
11 111 (6.89%) GitHub
12 93 (5.77%) Apigee
13 68 (4.22%) Amazon EKS
14 65 (4.03%) Amazon SQS
15 64 (3.97%) PaaS
16 54 (3.35%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 50 (3.10%) SaaS
18 45 (2.79%) IaaS
19 31 (1.92%) Cloud Computing
20 22 (1.36%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 84 (5.21%) Firewall
2 59 (3.66%) DNS
3 46 (2.85%) SSL
4 42 (2.61%) HTTP
5 36 (2.23%) HTTPS
6 30 (1.86%) Reverse Proxy
6 30 (1.86%) VPN
7 26 (1.61%) VLAN
8 22 (1.36%) DHCP
9 20 (1.24%) SNMP
9 20 (1.24%) TCP/IP
10 18 (1.12%) Kerberos
11 16 (0.99%) Internet
12 12 (0.74%) WAN
13 10 (0.62%) BGP
13 10 (0.62%) Skype
14 9 (0.56%) MPLS
15 6 (0.37%) 3GPP
15 6 (0.37%) iSCSI
15 6 (0.37%) VRRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 173 (10.73%) MongoDB
2 167 (10.36%) PostgreSQL
3 157 (9.74%) MySQL
3 157 (9.74%) SQL Server
4 148 (9.18%) Amazon Redshift
5 132 (8.19%) NoSQL
6 114 (7.07%) Big Data
7 110 (6.82%) Hadoop
8 108 (6.70%) Amazon RDS
9 56 (3.47%) Relational Database
10 51 (3.16%) Data Warehouse
11 33 (2.05%) Apache Cassandra
12 30 (1.86%) BigQuery
13 26 (1.61%) Apache Hive
14 25 (1.55%) Azure SQL Database
14 25 (1.55%) Cosmos DB
15 19 (1.18%) Data Lake
16 16 (0.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 16 (0.99%) Redis
17 14 (0.87%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 462 (28.66%) Jenkins
2 262 (16.25%) Git (software)
3 206 (12.78%) GitLab
4 156 (9.68%) Artifactory
5 123 (7.63%) JIRA
6 60 (3.72%) Mockito
7 58 (3.60%) Maven
8 51 (3.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 50 (3.10%) Cucumber
10 48 (2.98%) Selenium
11 44 (2.73%) JUnit
12 38 (2.36%) RStudio
13 36 (2.23%) Bitbucket
14 34 (2.11%) Sonatype Nexus
15 33 (2.05%) Subversion
16 31 (1.92%) CircleCI
17 28 (1.74%) SonarQube
18 27 (1.67%) TeamCity
19 20 (1.24%) Gradle
20 17 (1.05%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 373 (23.14%) Finance
2 196 (12.16%) Banking
3 112 (6.95%) Public Sector
4 96 (5.96%) Front Office
5 46 (2.85%) Back Office
6 34 (2.11%) Telecoms
7 26 (1.61%) Investment Banking
7 26 (1.61%) Retail
8 23 (1.43%) Marketing
9 18 (1.12%) Manufacturing
10 14 (0.87%) Financial Institution
10 14 (0.87%) Law
11 13 (0.81%) Electronics
12 8 (0.50%) Pharmaceutical
13 7 (0.43%) Games
14 3 (0.19%) Automotive
14 3 (0.19%) Billing
14 3 (0.19%) Corporate Banking
14 3 (0.19%) French Language
14 3 (0.19%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 558 (34.62%) Developer
2 398 (24.69%) DevOps Engineer
3 309 (19.17%) Java Developer
4 186 (11.54%) AWS Engineer
5 142 (8.81%) Architect
6 136 (8.44%) AWS DevOps
7 111 (6.89%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 102 (6.33%) AWS Developer
9 98 (6.08%) Kubernetes Engineer
10 92 (5.71%) Java Engineer
11 89 (5.52%) Cloud Engineer
12 82 (5.09%) Software Engineer
13 73 (4.53%) Azure Engineer
14 71 (4.40%) Java Software Developer
15 68 (4.22%) Cloud Architect
16 66 (4.09%) Senior Developer
17 63 (3.91%) Python Engineer
18 60 (3.72%) Python Developer
19 58 (3.60%) Java Software Engineer
20 56 (3.47%) Azure DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 284 (17.62%) Web Services
2 172 (10.67%) Spring
3 171 (10.61%) Node.js
4 149 (9.24%) Kafka
5 143 (8.87%) React
6 121 (7.51%) .NET
7 116 (7.20%) REST
8 106 (6.58%) RESTful
9 99 (6.14%) gRPC
10 98 (6.08%) AngularJS
11 95 (5.89%) Swagger
12 82 (5.09%) HTML
12 82 (5.09%) OAuth
13 76 (4.71%) Spring Boot
14 73 (4.53%) .NET Core
15 69 (4.28%) Elastic Stack
16 61 (3.78%) ActiveMQ
17 60 (3.72%) JAX-RS
18 58 (3.60%) Middleware
19 49 (3.04%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 145 (9.00%) Greenfield Project
2 99 (6.14%) Hedge funds
3 81 (5.02%) Fixed Income
4 66 (4.09%) Derivative
5 64 (3.97%) Cloud Native
5 64 (3.97%) Equities
6 59 (3.66%) Public Cloud
7 52 (3.23%) Analytical Skills
8 34 (2.11%) Linux Command Line
9 31 (1.92%) Data Centre
10 29 (1.80%) User Experience
11 25 (1.55%) Management Information System
12 22 (1.36%) Private Cloud
13 18 (1.12%) Data Structures
14 14 (0.87%) PKI
14 14 (0.87%) Virtual Team
15 11 (0.68%) Algorithms
15 11 (0.68%) Enterprise Software
15 11 (0.68%) Hybrid Cloud
16 10 (0.62%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 418 (25.93%) Linux
2 155 (9.62%) Unix
3 119 (7.38%) Windows
4 60 (3.72%) CentOS
5 58 (3.60%) Mac OS X
5 58 (3.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 51 (3.16%) Windows Server
7 39 (2.42%) Windows Server 2016
8 26 (1.61%) Windows 10
9 21 (1.30%) Ubuntu
10 11 (0.68%) Debian
11 9 (0.56%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 8 (0.50%) Apple iOS
13 7 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
14 6 (0.37%) Android
14 6 (0.37%) CoreOS
14 6 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
14 6 (0.37%) Windows Server 2019
15 4 (0.25%) AIX
16 3 (0.19%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 921 (57.13%) DevOps
2 726 (45.04%) Agile Software Development
3 590 (36.60%) Microservices
4 254 (15.76%) Software Engineering
5 237 (14.70%) TDD
6 216 (13.40%) Infrastructure as Code
7 194 (12.03%) Continuous Integration
7 194 (12.03%) Test Automation
8 169 (10.48%) BDD
9 165 (10.24%) Asset Management
10 156 (9.68%) Scrum
11 145 (9.00%) Continuous Delivery
12 135 (8.37%) Continuous Deployment
13 120 (7.44%) Configuration Management
14 115 (7.13%) Deployment Automation
15 96 (5.96%) Investment Management
16 94 (5.83%) Mentoring
17 93 (5.77%) Open Source
18 92 (5.71%) Migration
19 80 (4.96%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 695 (43.11%) Java
2 625 (38.77%) Python
3 313 (19.42%) SQL
4 185 (11.48%) JavaScript
5 181 (11.23%) Bash Shell
6 177 (10.98%) Java 8
7 136 (8.44%) C#
8 106 (6.58%) PowerShell
9 96 (5.96%) TypeScript
10 86 (5.33%) Go
11 83 (5.15%) Scala
12 77 (4.78%) Ruby
13 70 (4.34%) Shell Script
14 67 (4.16%) R
15 57 (3.54%) Perl
16 41 (2.54%) Kotlin
17 40 (2.48%) PHP
18 36 (2.23%) Groovy
19 21 (1.30%) C++
20 18 (1.12%) C
Qualifications
1 258 (16.00%) Security Cleared
2 213 (13.21%) SC Cleared
3 46 (2.85%) Degree
4 33 (2.05%) DV Cleared
5 26 (1.61%) AWS Certification
5 26 (1.61%) BPSS Clearance
6 25 (1.55%) Sun Certification
7 22 (1.36%) CCA
8 21 (1.30%) Computer Science Degree
9 18 (1.12%) DBS Check
10 12 (0.74%) Master's Degree
11 5 (0.31%) ISEB
11 5 (0.31%) ISTQB
11 5 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 3 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
12 3 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
13 2 (0.12%) CCNA
13 2 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
13 2 (0.12%) Network+ Certification
14 1 (0.062%) CWSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (1.80%) QA
2 12 (0.74%) GDPR
3 11 (0.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (0.43%) Data Quality
5 6 (0.37%) Cyber Essentials
5 6 (0.37%) HIPAA
5 6 (0.37%) SLA
6 5 (0.31%) COBIT
6 5 (0.31%) NIST
6 5 (0.31%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.19%) NCSC
8 2 (0.12%) OASIS TOSCA
9 1 (0.062%) NIST 800
System Software
1 1,110 (68.86%) Docker
2 71 (4.40%) VMware Infrastructure
3 51 (3.16%) Active Directory
4 27 (1.67%) vSphere
5 22 (1.36%) Virtual Machines
6 19 (1.18%) VMware ESXi
7 9 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 9 (0.56%) NFS
7 9 (0.56%) Xen
8 8 (0.50%) KVM
9 7 (0.43%) Hyper-V
10 5 (0.31%) LXC
10 5 (0.31%) VMware NSX
11 4 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
11 4 (0.25%) Varnish
12 3 (0.19%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
12 3 (0.19%) Apache Flume
12 3 (0.19%) Gluster
12 3 (0.19%) HDFS
12 3 (0.19%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 562 (34.86%) Terraform
2 354 (21.96%) Ansible
3 190 (11.79%) Puppet
4 145 (9.00%) Opscode Chef
5 94 (5.83%) Prometheus
6 87 (5.40%) Packer
7 51 (3.16%) Grafana
8 37 (2.30%) Kibana
9 30 (1.86%) logstash
10 25 (1.55%) Istio
11 21 (1.30%) ZABBIX
11 21 (1.30%) Zipkin
12 20 (1.24%) Nagios
13 19 (1.18%) Rancher
14 17 (1.05%) Rundeck
15 15 (0.93%) Consul
15 15 (0.93%) Salt
16 12 (0.74%) Argo
16 12 (0.74%) Docker Swarm
17 8 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 184 (11.41%) Google
2 141 (8.75%) Oracle
3 95 (5.89%) Microsoft
4 89 (5.52%) Cloudera
5 78 (4.84%) VMware
6 54 (3.35%) Red Hat
7 52 (3.23%) Atlassian
8 51 (3.16%) Splunk
9 49 (3.04%) Hortonworks
10 36 (2.23%) MuleSoft
11 30 (1.86%) Dell
11 30 (1.86%) SAP
12 28 (1.74%) SaltStack
13 25 (1.55%) Cisco
14 21 (1.30%) EMC
15 19 (1.18%) Salesforce.com
16 18 (1.12%) Sybase
17 15 (0.93%) IBM
17 15 (0.93%) NetApp
17 15 (0.93%) Tableau