Period
to 27 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 27 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > England
6 months to
27 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 48 116 265
Rank change year-on-year +68 +149 +236
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 3,890 2,031 792
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.67% 2.20% 0.93%
As % of the Systems Management category 31.35% 16.66% 8.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,897 1,440 583
England median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £425 £413 £425
90th Percentile £694 £688 £656
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £539
% change year-on-year - +2.09% +2.62%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 5 2
England median hourly rate £42.50 £60.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -29.17% +14.29% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £45.00 £41.13
90th Percentile £52.29 £73.75 £64.88
UK median hourly rate £43.53 £60.00 £52.50
% change year-on-year -27.45% +14.29% -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 12,408 12,188 9,220
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.90% 13.20% 10.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,319 8,156 6,112
England median daily rate £500 £488 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +5.41% +8.82%
10th Percentile £310 £285 £275
90th Percentile £675 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 298 319 205
England median hourly rate £19.82 £19.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.32% +5.56% -20.00%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.96 £11.21
90th Percentile £48.86 £50.00 £48.00
UK median hourly rate £20.50 £19.00 £19.50
% change year-on-year +7.89% -2.56% -19.10%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the England region over the 6 months to 27 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +51 2,585 £565 +2.73% 226
South East +115 417 £525 +6.06% 46
North of England +90 398 £525 +5.00% 41
South West +40 272 £550 +4.76% 18
North West +64 222 £548 +1.91% 20
Midlands +100 147 £500 -4.76% 14
Yorkshire +74 128 £450 -10.00% 17
West Midlands +54 74 £500 -9.09% 6
East Midlands +60 73 £510 +2.00% 8
East of England +13 61 £585 +1.74% 28
North East +38 47 £463 +23.33% 4
Kubernetes
UK

For the 6 months to 27 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 2,957 (76.02%) Docker
2 2,406 (61.85%) DevOps
3 2,069 (53.19%) Amazon AWS
4 1,572 (40.41%) Agile Software Development
5 1,330 (34.19%) Terraform
6 1,282 (32.96%) Java
7 1,254 (32.24%) Microsoft Azure
8 1,218 (31.31%) Ansible
9 1,212 (31.16%) Jenkins
10 1,201 (30.87%) Microservices
11 1,182 (30.39%) Python
12 1,173 (30.15%) Linux
13 798 (20.51%) Git (software)
14 679 (17.46%) Puppet
15 670 (17.22%) Finance
16 624 (16.04%) Continuous Integration
17 604 (15.53%) JavaScript
18 583 (14.99%) Google Cloud Platform
19 501 (12.88%) SQL
20 494 (12.70%) TDD
21 478 (12.29%) Kafka
22 476 (12.24%) OpenShift
23 451 (11.59%) Web Services
24 442 (11.36%) Node.js
24 442 (11.36%) Security Cleared
25 434 (11.16%) Software Engineering
26 429 (11.03%) Opscode Chef
27 387 (9.95%) Bash Shell
28 380 (9.77%) .NET
29 378 (9.72%) Test Automation

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 195 (5.01%) Confluence
2 180 (4.63%) Apache Spark
2 180 (4.63%) Elasticsearch
3 167 (4.29%) nginx
4 141 (3.62%) Apache
5 124 (3.19%) OpenStack
6 93 (2.39%) Tomcat
7 66 (1.70%) Cloud Foundry
8 40 (1.03%) JBoss
9 36 (0.93%) WebSphere
10 23 (0.59%) IIS
10 23 (0.59%) SharePoint
11 19 (0.49%) CMS
12 15 (0.39%) Apache Solr
13 13 (0.33%) Pachyderm
13 13 (0.33%) SAS
14 12 (0.31%) Apache Pig
14 12 (0.31%) WebLogic
15 11 (0.28%) Jupyter
15 11 (0.28%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.051%) Adobe Premiere
2 2 (0.051%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.026%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.026%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.026%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.026%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.026%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 22 (0.57%) Distributed Ledger
2 11 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
3 10 (0.26%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 6 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
5 5 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
6 2 (0.051%) Eloqua
7 1 (0.026%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.026%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.026%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.026%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.026%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 2,069 (53.19%) Amazon AWS
2 1,254 (32.24%) Microsoft Azure
3 583 (14.99%) Google Cloud Platform
4 476 (12.24%) OpenShift
5 376 (9.67%) Serverless
6 320 (8.23%) Amazon EC2
7 318 (8.17%) AWS CloudFormation
8 299 (7.69%) Amazon S3
9 266 (6.84%) GitHub
10 251 (6.45%) AWS Lambda
11 220 (5.66%) Amazon ECS
12 197 (5.06%) PaaS
13 160 (4.11%) Amazon SQS
14 116 (2.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 115 (2.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 113 (2.90%) IaaS
17 103 (2.65%) Amazon EKS
18 90 (2.31%) Apigee
19 68 (1.75%) SaaS
20 67 (1.72%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 141 (3.62%) HTTP
2 99 (2.54%) DNS
3 94 (2.42%) Firewall
4 89 (2.29%) VPN
5 78 (2.01%) TCP/IP
6 72 (1.85%) SSL
7 44 (1.13%) Internet
8 42 (1.08%) WAN
9 37 (0.95%) FTP
10 35 (0.90%) Network Security
11 28 (0.72%) OpenVPN
12 27 (0.69%) IPsec
13 25 (0.64%) DHCP
14 24 (0.62%) SAN
15 21 (0.54%) LAN
16 18 (0.46%) DSL
16 18 (0.46%) Intrusion Detection
17 15 (0.39%) AMQP
18 14 (0.36%) VLAN
19 11 (0.28%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 374 (9.61%) Big Data
2 353 (9.07%) MongoDB
3 332 (8.53%) NoSQL
4 272 (6.99%) Amazon RDS
5 241 (6.20%) PostgreSQL
6 227 (5.84%) Hadoop
7 172 (4.42%) SQL Server
8 168 (4.32%) Amazon Redshift
9 165 (4.24%) Apache Cassandra
10 147 (3.78%) Relational Database
11 137 (3.52%) MySQL
12 105 (2.70%) Redis
13 98 (2.52%) Azure SQL Database
14 90 (2.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 65 (1.67%) Cosmos DB
16 61 (1.57%) Data Warehouse
17 59 (1.52%) Data Lake
18 51 (1.31%) RDBMS
19 47 (1.21%) Blockchain
20 46 (1.18%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,212 (31.16%) Jenkins
2 798 (20.51%) Git (software)
3 343 (8.82%) JIRA
4 282 (7.25%) GitLab
5 233 (5.99%) Artifactory
6 218 (5.60%) Maven
7 167 (4.29%) Sonatype Nexus
8 144 (3.70%) Bitbucket
8 144 (3.70%) TeamCity
9 139 (3.57%) SonarQube
10 111 (2.85%) Gradle
11 110 (2.83%) Cucumber
12 109 (2.80%) Visual Studio Team System
13 108 (2.78%) JUnit
14 93 (2.39%) Travis CI
15 91 (2.34%) Mockito
15 91 (2.34%) Selenium
16 89 (2.29%) CircleCI
17 80 (2.06%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 65 (1.67%) gulp
General
1 670 (17.22%) Finance
2 288 (7.40%) Banking
3 119 (3.06%) Retail
4 88 (2.26%) Front Office
5 57 (1.47%) Legal
6 48 (1.23%) Law
7 40 (1.03%) Investment Banking
8 37 (0.95%) Games
9 35 (0.90%) Marketing
9 35 (0.90%) Telecoms
10 28 (0.72%) Advertising
10 28 (0.72%) Financial Institution
11 26 (0.67%) Manufacturing
12 17 (0.44%) Electronics
13 12 (0.31%) Retail Banking
14 9 (0.23%) Publishing
15 8 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
16 7 (0.18%) Automotive
17 6 (0.15%) Back Office
18 3 (0.077%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,352 (34.76%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,134 (29.15%) Developer
3 438 (11.26%) Java Developer
4 400 (10.28%) AWS Engineer
5 347 (8.92%) AWS DevOps
6 335 (8.61%) Architect
7 278 (7.15%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 278 (7.15%) Kubernetes Engineer
8 256 (6.58%) Cloud Engineer
9 248 (6.38%) Senior Developer
10 178 (4.58%) AWS Developer
11 173 (4.45%) Azure DevOps
11 173 (4.45%) Senior DevOps
12 165 (4.24%) Azure Engineer
13 162 (4.16%) Platform Engineer
14 154 (3.96%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 146 (3.75%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 136 (3.50%) Full Stack Developer
17 129 (3.32%) Data Engineer
18 121 (3.11%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 478 (12.29%) Kafka
2 451 (11.59%) Web Services
3 442 (11.36%) Node.js
4 380 (9.77%) .NET
5 334 (8.59%) AngularJS
6 316 (8.12%) Spring
7 292 (7.51%) REST
8 285 (7.33%) React
9 226 (5.81%) RESTful
10 219 (5.63%) Spring Boot
11 207 (5.32%) .NET Core
12 175 (4.50%) HTML
13 162 (4.16%) Elastic Stack
14 150 (3.86%) CSS
15 146 (3.75%) J2EE
16 121 (3.11%) JSON
17 113 (2.90%) Vue.js
18 97 (2.49%) Redux
19 92 (2.37%) ASP.NET Web API
20 90 (2.31%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 238 (6.12%) Greenfield Project
2 134 (3.44%) Public Cloud
3 97 (2.49%) Data Centre
4 95 (2.44%) Cloud Native
5 66 (1.70%) Algorithms
5 66 (1.70%) Fixed Income
6 62 (1.59%) Data Structures
7 60 (1.54%) Analytical Skills
8 57 (1.47%) Mobile App
9 54 (1.39%) User Experience
10 49 (1.26%) Linux Command Line
11 48 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
12 43 (1.11%) PKI
13 42 (1.08%) Private Cloud
14 38 (0.98%) Management Information System
15 34 (0.87%) Self-Motivation
16 33 (0.85%) iPad
17 29 (0.75%) Hybrid Cloud
18 26 (0.67%) Data Protection Act
19 17 (0.44%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 1,173 (30.15%) Linux
2 229 (5.89%) Unix
3 222 (5.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 211 (5.42%) Windows
5 128 (3.29%) CentOS
6 72 (1.85%) Mac OS X
7 51 (1.31%) Ubuntu
8 49 (1.26%) Windows Server
9 31 (0.80%) Apple iOS
9 31 (0.80%) CoreOS
10 30 (0.77%) Android
11 22 (0.57%) Solaris
12 15 (0.39%) Debian
13 9 (0.23%) Mesosphere
14 4 (0.10%) Fedora
14 4 (0.10%) Kali Linux
15 3 (0.077%) AIX
15 3 (0.077%) Amazon Linux
15 3 (0.077%) VMS
16 2 (0.051%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,406 (61.85%) DevOps
2 1,572 (40.41%) Agile Software Development
3 1,201 (30.87%) Microservices
4 624 (16.04%) Continuous Integration
5 494 (12.70%) TDD
6 434 (11.16%) Software Engineering
7 378 (9.72%) Test Automation
8 368 (9.46%) Configuration Management
9 366 (9.41%) Scrum
10 345 (8.87%) Open Source
11 304 (7.81%) Migration
12 295 (7.58%) Infrastructure as Code
13 273 (7.02%) BDD
14 256 (6.58%) Continuous Deployment
15 229 (5.89%) Continuous Delivery
16 210 (5.40%) Fintech
17 205 (5.27%) Deployment Automation
17 205 (5.27%) Kanban
18 202 (5.19%) Analytics
19 162 (4.16%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,282 (32.96%) Java
2 1,182 (30.39%) Python
3 604 (15.53%) JavaScript
4 501 (12.88%) SQL
5 387 (9.95%) Bash Shell
6 308 (7.92%) Go
6 308 (7.92%) Java 8
7 287 (7.38%) Ruby
8 280 (7.20%) C#
9 204 (5.24%) PowerShell
10 166 (4.27%) Scala
11 131 (3.37%) Groovy
12 126 (3.24%) Shell Script
13 120 (3.08%) TypeScript
14 99 (2.54%) C++
15 87 (2.24%) Perl
16 85 (2.19%) ES6
17 67 (1.72%) PHP
18 44 (1.13%) C
19 43 (1.11%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 442 (11.36%) Security Cleared
2 370 (9.51%) SC Cleared
3 83 (2.13%) AWS Certification
4 78 (2.01%) Degree
5 36 (0.93%) BPSS Clearance
6 35 (0.90%) Computer Science Degree
7 30 (0.77%) DV Cleared
8 28 (0.72%) CISSP
9 17 (0.44%) CCA
10 15 (0.39%) CISM
11 12 (0.31%) CTC Cleared
12 10 (0.26%) RHCSA
13 9 (0.23%) MCSE
13 9 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
14 7 (0.18%) DBS Check
14 7 (0.18%) IISP
14 7 (0.18%) PhD
15 5 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
15 5 (0.13%) CISMP
15 5 (0.13%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (1.75%) QA
2 40 (1.03%) Data Quality
3 26 (0.67%) GDPR
4 22 (0.57%) PCI DSS
5 17 (0.44%) SLA
6 15 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 11 (0.28%) NIST
8 9 (0.23%) PSD2
9 4 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
9 4 (0.10%) NCSC
10 2 (0.051%) OASIS TOSCA
10 2 (0.051%) Solvency II
11 1 (0.026%) FATCA
11 1 (0.026%) FedRAMP
11 1 (0.026%) PMO
System Software
1 2,957 (76.02%) Docker
2 122 (3.14%) Virtual Machines
3 112 (2.88%) Active Directory
4 71 (1.83%) VMware Infrastructure
5 31 (0.80%) HDFS
6 24 (0.62%) LXC
7 20 (0.51%) NFS
8 18 (0.46%) Hyper-V
9 17 (0.44%) Apache Flume
10 16 (0.41%) Squid
11 15 (0.39%) Gluster
12 12 (0.31%) KVM
12 12 (0.31%) Snort
13 9 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 9 (0.23%) OpenAM
14 7 (0.18%) OpenDJ
14 7 (0.18%) vCloud
14 7 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
14 7 (0.18%) Xen
15 5 (0.13%) etcd
Systems Management
1 1,330 (34.19%) Terraform
2 1,218 (31.31%) Ansible
3 679 (17.46%) Puppet
4 429 (11.03%) Opscode Chef
5 169 (4.34%) Prometheus
6 160 (4.11%) Packer
7 145 (3.73%) Grafana
8 106 (2.72%) Consul
9 97 (2.49%) Docker Swarm
10 64 (1.65%) Mesos
11 60 (1.54%) Kibana
12 56 (1.44%) Salt
13 45 (1.16%) Rancher
14 40 (1.03%) HAProxy
15 37 (0.95%) Nagios
16 36 (0.93%) Istio
17 35 (0.90%) logstash
18 34 (0.87%) Marathon
18 34 (0.87%) Sysdig
19 26 (0.67%) FreeIPA
Vendors
1 375 (9.64%) Google
2 234 (6.02%) Red Hat
3 229 (5.89%) Microsoft
4 150 (3.86%) VMware
5 141 (3.62%) Oracle
6 125 (3.21%) Splunk
7 97 (2.49%) Atlassian
8 63 (1.62%) New Relic
9 56 (1.44%) Black Duck
10 47 (1.21%) Greenplum
11 45 (1.16%) Cloudera
11 45 (1.16%) Hortonworks
12 42 (1.08%) SAP
13 38 (0.98%) SaltStack
14 37 (0.95%) Databricks
15 32 (0.82%) Dynatrace
16 31 (0.80%) IBM
16 31 (0.80%) ServiceNow
17 28 (0.72%) Cisco
18 27 (0.69%) MuleSoft