Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 20 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > England
6 months to
20 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 30 25 44
Rank change year-on-year -5 +19 +9
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 4,524 3,046 2,256
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 6.37% 6.61% 5.17%
As % of the Systems Management category 40.15% 41.21% 34.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,369 2,327 1,725
10th Percentile £463 £413 £413
25th Percentile £513 £475 £488
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £615 £540 £550
Median % change year-on-year +13.89% -1.82% -
75th Percentile £700 £628 £625
90th Percentile £788 £713 £700
UK median daily rate £605 £538 £550
% change year-on-year +12.56% -2.27% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 10 3
10th Percentile £47.19 £23.58 £19.30
25th Percentile £49.90 £36.67 £29.88
Median hourly rate £60.00 £50.75 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +18.23% +1.50% +1.77%
75th Percentile £78.75 £63.13 £52.50
90th Percentile £80.25 £68.00 -
UK median hourly rate £48.36 £47.47 £50.00
% change year-on-year +1.86% -5.06% +0.28%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 11,269 7,391 6,594
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.88% 16.05% 15.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,245 5,272 4,612
10th Percentile £356 £343 £281
25th Percentile £463 £420 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £513 £500
Median % change year-on-year +12.20% +2.50% -
75th Percentile £675 £600 £600
90th Percentile £750 £681 £675
UK median daily rate £565 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +13.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 161 96 154
10th Percentile £13.25 £15.03 £12.42
25th Percentile £15.25 £18.00 £14.50
Median hourly rate £21.50 £24.75 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year -13.13% +30.26% +2.70%
75th Percentile £35.00 £53.00 £26.75
90th Percentile £57.50 £61.97 £47.34
UK median hourly rate £21.89 £40.00 £19.50
% change year-on-year -45.28% +105.13% +5.41%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes in England.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in England

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the England region over the 6 months to 20 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -1 3,116 £638 +15.91% 614
South East +2 335 £575 +15.00% 102
North of England -3 317 £550 +10.00% 163
North West +2 188 £600 +20.00% 98
South West -4 179 £530 +11.58% 45
Midlands +20 136 £525 +10.53% 56
West Midlands +21 116 £529 +24.41% 38
Yorkshire +1 107 £538 +2.38% 46
East of England -34 81 £600 +11.63% 56
North East +17 45 £650 +44.44% 19
East Midlands -22 19 £525 -8.30% 18
Kubernetes
UK

For the 6 months to 20 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 2,805 (62.00%) Docker
2 2,507 (55.42%) DevOps
3 2,066 (45.67%) CI/CD
4 1,995 (44.10%) AWS
5 1,891 (41.80%) Azure
6 1,884 (41.64%) Terraform
7 1,648 (36.43%) Agile
8 1,439 (31.81%) Python
9 1,397 (30.88%) Java
10 1,319 (29.16%) Microservices
11 1,228 (27.14%) Jenkins
12 973 (21.51%) Ansible
13 963 (21.29%) Linux
14 853 (18.85%) Git (software)
15 828 (18.30%) GCP
16 770 (17.02%) Kafka
17 763 (16.87%) Finance
18 681 (15.05%) Security Cleared
19 642 (14.19%) JavaScript
20 605 (13.37%) Infrastructure as Code
21 595 (13.15%) Software Engineering
22 588 (13.00%) SQL
23 578 (12.78%) SC Cleared
24 570 (12.60%) Social Skills
25 547 (12.09%) TDD
26 526 (11.63%) .NET
27 510 (11.27%) GitLab
28 497 (10.99%) Scrum
29 492 (10.88%) Test Automation
30 489 (10.81%) Spring

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 201 (4.44%) Confluence
2 144 (3.18%) Elasticsearch
3 139 (3.07%) nginx
4 127 (2.81%) Apache Spark
5 125 (2.76%) Apache
6 89 (1.97%) OpenStack
7 53 (1.17%) Tomcat
8 49 (1.08%) Apache Airflow
9 47 (1.04%) IIS
10 38 (0.84%) Cloud Foundry
11 37 (0.82%) BizTalk Server
11 37 (0.82%) Traefik
12 34 (0.75%) WebSphere
13 19 (0.42%) CMS
14 17 (0.38%) SharePoint
15 16 (0.35%) JBoss
16 15 (0.33%) Sitefinity
17 13 (0.29%) Camunda
17 13 (0.29%) WebLogic
18 12 (0.27%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 2 (0.044%) Spreadsheet
2 1 (0.022%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.022%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.022%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.022%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.022%) Pipeline Pilot
Business Applications
1 8 (0.18%) assyst
2 5 (0.11%) MoSes
3 4 (0.088%) Sentinel
4 3 (0.066%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.066%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 3 (0.066%) RMDS
4 3 (0.066%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.044%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.044%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.044%) Shopify
6 1 (0.022%) Oracle BRM
6 1 (0.022%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.022%) SAP IBP
6 1 (0.022%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,995 (44.10%) AWS
2 1,891 (41.80%) Azure
3 828 (18.30%) GCP
4 438 (9.68%) Serverless
5 363 (8.02%) GitHub
6 347 (7.67%) OpenShift
7 346 (7.65%) PaaS
8 334 (7.38%) AWS CloudFormation
9 255 (5.64%) AWS Lambda
10 244 (5.39%) Amazon EKS
11 225 (4.97%) IaaS
12 195 (4.31%) SaaS
13 185 (4.09%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 177 (3.91%) Amazon S3
15 169 (3.74%) Amazon EC2
16 133 (2.94%) Amazon ECS
17 109 (2.41%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 106 (2.34%) Azure Monitor
19 87 (1.92%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 82 (1.81%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 153 (3.38%) DNS
2 142 (3.14%) Firewall
3 87 (1.92%) Internet
4 71 (1.57%) HTTP
5 70 (1.55%) VPN
6 67 (1.48%) SSL
7 63 (1.39%) TCP/IP
8 52 (1.15%) Network Security
9 35 (0.77%) WAN
10 33 (0.73%) SSH
11 32 (0.71%) MQTT
12 31 (0.69%) IPsec
13 30 (0.66%) DHCP
13 30 (0.66%) FTP
14 21 (0.46%) SMTP
14 21 (0.46%) VLAN
15 20 (0.44%) IPv4
16 18 (0.40%) IKE
17 14 (0.31%) SD-WAN
18 12 (0.27%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 334 (7.38%) PostgreSQL
2 271 (5.99%) NoSQL
3 255 (5.64%) MongoDB
4 228 (5.04%) SQL Server
5 170 (3.76%) Big Data
6 155 (3.43%) MySQL
7 127 (2.81%) Relational Database
8 123 (2.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 122 (2.70%) Amazon RDS
10 106 (2.34%) Redis
11 77 (1.70%) BigQuery
12 76 (1.68%) Apache Cassandra
12 76 (1.68%) Hadoop
13 69 (1.53%) Azure SQL Database
14 58 (1.28%) Data Warehouse
15 42 (0.93%) Data Lake
16 41 (0.91%) Oracle Database
17 39 (0.86%) Delta Lake
18 38 (0.84%) Couchbase
19 34 (0.75%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 1,228 (27.14%) Jenkins
2 853 (18.85%) Git (software)
3 510 (11.27%) GitLab
4 414 (9.15%) Maven
5 381 (8.42%) JIRA
6 291 (6.43%) Gradle
7 209 (4.62%) TeamCity
8 149 (3.29%) Sonatype Nexus
9 142 (3.14%) Artifactory
10 122 (2.70%) CircleCI
11 114 (2.52%) Bitbucket
12 112 (2.48%) SonarQube
13 106 (2.34%) Cucumber
14 96 (2.12%) Selenium
15 67 (1.48%) JUnit
16 64 (1.41%) Travis CI
17 58 (1.28%) gulp
18 45 (0.99%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 39 (0.86%) Subversion
20 38 (0.84%) JMeter
General
1 763 (16.87%) Finance
2 570 (12.60%) Social Skills
3 333 (7.36%) Banking
4 281 (6.21%) Public Sector
5 183 (4.05%) Analytical Skills
6 129 (2.85%) Retail
7 107 (2.37%) Investment Banking
8 86 (1.90%) Front Office
9 85 (1.88%) Telecoms
10 66 (1.46%) Presentation Skills
11 58 (1.28%) Financial Institution
12 47 (1.04%) Legal
13 41 (0.91%) Marketing
14 38 (0.84%) Influencing Skills
15 33 (0.73%) Games
16 25 (0.55%) Manufacturing
17 24 (0.53%) Law
18 22 (0.49%) Back Office
19 20 (0.44%) Electronics
19 20 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,269 (28.05%) Developer
2 1,235 (27.30%) DevOps Engineer
3 467 (10.32%) Java Developer
4 425 (9.39%) Architect
5 391 (8.64%) AWS Engineer
6 348 (7.69%) Azure Engineer
7 265 (5.86%) AWS DevOps
8 256 (5.66%) Cloud Engineer
9 232 (5.13%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 222 (4.91%) Senior Developer
11 219 (4.84%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 212 (4.69%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 212 (4.69%) Software Engineer
13 178 (3.93%) Azure DevOps
14 169 (3.74%) Python Developer
15 160 (3.54%) .NET Developer
16 154 (3.40%) Solutions Architect
17 135 (2.98%) Java Engineer
18 134 (2.96%) Senior DevOps
19 126 (2.79%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 770 (17.02%) Kafka
2 526 (11.63%) .NET
3 489 (10.81%) Spring
4 462 (10.21%) React
5 443 (9.79%) Node.js
6 404 (8.93%) Spring Boot
7 368 (8.13%) REST
8 259 (5.73%) RESTful
9 242 (5.35%) HTML
10 231 (5.11%) CSS
11 193 (4.27%) .NET Core
12 177 (3.91%) Elastic Stack
13 143 (3.16%) JSON
14 139 (3.07%) .NET Framework
15 136 (3.01%) Django
16 135 (2.98%) Flask
17 131 (2.90%) RabbitMQ
18 126 (2.79%) AngularJS
19 123 (2.72%) ASP.NET
20 114 (2.52%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 449 (9.92%) Cloud Native
2 282 (6.23%) Public Cloud
3 197 (4.35%) Greenfield Project
4 149 (3.29%) Data Protection Act
5 125 (2.76%) Private Cloud
6 112 (2.48%) Data Centre
7 106 (2.34%) User Experience
8 101 (2.23%) Hybrid Cloud
9 82 (1.81%) PKI
10 66 (1.46%) Algorithms
11 61 (1.35%) Enterprise Software
11 61 (1.35%) Linux Command Line
12 60 (1.33%) Hedge funds
13 58 (1.28%) Data Structures
14 56 (1.24%) Virtual Team
15 55 (1.22%) Self-Motivation
16 52 (1.15%) IoT
17 51 (1.13%) Management Information System
18 46 (1.02%) Clustering
19 44 (0.97%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 963 (21.29%) Linux
2 299 (6.61%) Windows
3 212 (4.69%) Unix
4 158 (3.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 84 (1.86%) Windows Server
6 76 (1.68%) CentOS
7 54 (1.19%) Ubuntu
8 31 (0.69%) VMS
9 18 (0.40%) Android
10 17 (0.38%) Apple iOS
11 14 (0.31%) Debian
12 13 (0.29%) Windows Server 2019
13 11 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
14 10 (0.22%) Amazon Linux
15 9 (0.20%) MVS
16 7 (0.15%) Windows Server 2016
17 6 (0.13%) Alpine Linux
17 6 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
18 4 (0.088%) Oracle Linux
19 3 (0.066%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,507 (55.42%) DevOps
2 2,066 (45.67%) CI/CD
3 1,648 (36.43%) Agile
4 1,319 (29.16%) Microservices
5 605 (13.37%) Infrastructure as Code
6 595 (13.15%) Software Engineering
7 547 (12.09%) TDD
8 497 (10.99%) Scrum
9 492 (10.88%) Test Automation
10 479 (10.59%) Continuous Integration
11 437 (9.66%) Configuration Management
12 339 (7.49%) Open Source
13 310 (6.85%) Problem-Solving
14 298 (6.59%) Analytics
15 295 (6.52%) Continuous Delivery
16 283 (6.26%) Migration
17 279 (6.17%) Full Stack Development
18 278 (6.15%) Platform Engineering
19 274 (6.06%) BDD
19 274 (6.06%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,439 (31.81%) Python
2 1,397 (30.88%) Java
3 642 (14.19%) JavaScript
4 588 (13.00%) SQL
5 481 (10.63%) Bash
6 453 (10.01%) C#
7 409 (9.04%) Go
8 343 (7.58%) PowerShell
9 255 (5.64%) TypeScript
10 196 (4.33%) Scala
11 178 (3.93%) Ruby
12 172 (3.80%) Groovy
13 108 (2.39%) C++
14 91 (2.01%) C
15 77 (1.70%) Shell Script
16 72 (1.59%) Kotlin
17 56 (1.24%) Perl
18 37 (0.82%) ES6
18 37 (0.82%) Rust
19 31 (0.69%) PHP
Qualifications
1 681 (15.05%) Security Cleared
2 578 (12.78%) SC Cleared
3 130 (2.87%) DV Cleared
4 118 (2.61%) Degree
5 93 (2.06%) AWS Certification
6 52 (1.15%) Computer Science Degree
7 31 (0.69%) BPSS Clearance
8 29 (0.64%) CISSP
9 27 (0.60%) Cisco Certification
10 21 (0.46%) CISM
11 12 (0.27%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 12 (0.27%) CCIE
12 11 (0.24%) CCSK
12 11 (0.24%) OCP
12 11 (0.24%) Oracle Certification
13 9 (0.20%) CCSP
14 8 (0.18%) CCIE Security
14 8 (0.18%) PhD
14 8 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
15 7 (0.15%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 146 (3.23%) QA
2 43 (0.95%) GDPR
3 29 (0.64%) NCSC
4 23 (0.51%) Data Quality
5 17 (0.38%) Accessibility
6 16 (0.35%) NIST
7 13 (0.29%) SLA
8 10 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 8 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 7 (0.15%) OASIS TOSCA
11 4 (0.088%) HIPAA
11 4 (0.088%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 4 (0.088%) PCI DSS
12 2 (0.044%) COBIT
12 2 (0.044%) RMADS
13 1 (0.022%) DICOM
13 1 (0.022%) FATCA
13 1 (0.022%) HL7
13 1 (0.022%) WAI
13 1 (0.022%) WCAG
System Software
1 2,805 (62.00%) Docker
2 128 (2.83%) VMware Infrastructure
3 117 (2.59%) Active Directory
4 60 (1.33%) Virtual Machines
5 48 (1.06%) vSphere
6 34 (0.75%) vCloud
7 19 (0.42%) Ceph
8 18 (0.40%) VMware Workstation
9 15 (0.33%) VMware ESXi
10 14 (0.31%) NFS
11 13 (0.29%) VMware NSX
12 12 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
13 11 (0.24%) KVM
14 8 (0.18%) Hyper-V
15 5 (0.11%) oVirt
16 4 (0.088%) Apache Flume
16 4 (0.088%) LXC
16 4 (0.088%) Xen
17 3 (0.066%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
17 3 (0.066%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 1,884 (41.64%) Terraform
2 973 (21.51%) Ansible
3 353 (7.80%) Prometheus
4 313 (6.92%) Puppet
5 293 (6.48%) Grafana
6 214 (4.73%) Opscode Chef
7 182 (4.02%) Istio
8 154 (3.40%) Packer
9 132 (2.92%) Consul
10 106 (2.34%) Kibana
11 87 (1.92%) Docker Swarm
12 68 (1.50%) Rancher
13 64 (1.41%) ZABBIX
14 47 (1.04%) HAProxy
15 34 (0.75%) linkerd
15 34 (0.75%) logstash
15 34 (0.75%) Podman
16 33 (0.73%) Graphite
17 28 (0.62%) Nagios
18 23 (0.51%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 465 (10.28%) Microsoft
2 387 (8.55%) Google
3 209 (4.62%) VMware
4 204 (4.51%) Oracle
5 198 (4.38%) Splunk
6 131 (2.90%) Databricks
7 126 (2.79%) Red Hat
8 72 (1.59%) IBM
9 67 (1.48%) Dynatrace
10 65 (1.44%) Atlassian
11 63 (1.39%) AppDynamics
12 51 (1.13%) MuleSoft
13 49 (1.08%) PagerDuty
14 46 (1.02%) Cisco
15 45 (0.99%) ServiceNow
16 37 (0.82%) New Relic
17 36 (0.80%) SAP
18 35 (0.77%) Pega
19 31 (0.69%) Cloudera
19 31 (0.69%) F5