Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for GitHub skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GitHub over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

GitHub
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 144 176 197
Rank change year-on-year +32 +21 +40
Contract jobs citing GitHub 1,039 496 1,201
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.85% 1.49% 1.44%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.27% 4.74% 4.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 666 347 769
10th Percentile £400 £363 £375
25th Percentile £438 £425 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £523 £513 £525
Median % change year-on-year +1.95% -2.38% +5.00%
75th Percentile £600 £600 £600
90th Percentile £675 £680 £657
UK median daily rate £517 £510 £525
% change year-on-year +1.37% -2.86% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 3 3
10th Percentile £22.18 £23.15 £39.25
25th Percentile £23.75 £24.13 £43.75
Median hourly rate £50.00 £26.50 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year +88.68% -49.52% +64.06%
75th Percentile £63.34 £33.75 £53.75
90th Percentile £65.90 £37.50 "
UK median hourly rate £35.25 £26.50 £51.25
% change year-on-year +33.02% -48.29% +60.16%

GitHub is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 19,716 10,466 24,389
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.03% 31.35% 29.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,131 7,527 17,080
10th Percentile £325 £313 £313
25th Percentile £419 £413 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £606 £600 £588
90th Percentile £694 £688 £662
UK median daily rate £515 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +3.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 329 143 298
10th Percentile £11.55 £13.32 £12.74
25th Percentile £14.00 £16.50 £15.06
Median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year - -4.76% +10.53%
75th Percentile £39.50 £36.75 £40.00
90th Percentile £65.05 £54.75 £60.38
UK median hourly rate £21.05 £20.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year +5.25% -2.44% +16.88%

GitHub
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing GitHub as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for GitHub in England

GitHub
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GitHub in England.

Daily rate trend for GitHub in England

GitHub
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GitHub in England over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GitHub in England

GitHub
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GitHub in England.

Hourly rate trend for GitHub in England

GitHub
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GitHub in England over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for GitHub in England

GitHub
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GitHub within the England region over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +33 665 £525 - 226
North of England -30 93 £506 -7.95% 75
South East -5 85 £475 -5.38% 47
South West +30 52 £475 +6.74% 35
North West 0 46 £500 +25.00% 44
Midlands -20 41 £475 - 38
Yorkshire -32 41 £550 -5.17% 17
West Midlands -16 35 £500 +17.65% 30
East of England -13 12 £488 +14.71% 17
North East -11 7 £588 +9.61% 14
East Midlands -11 6 £370 -24.10% 8
GitHub
UK

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GitHub also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for GitHub.

1 551 (53.03%) DevOps
2 468 (45.04%) Agile Software Development
3 436 (41.96%) Jenkins
4 351 (33.78%) AWS
5 349 (33.59%) Python
6 339 (32.63%) Java
7 337 (32.44%) Git (software)
8 318 (30.61%) Azure
9 306 (29.45%) Terraform
10 291 (28.01%) JIRA
11 270 (25.99%) Kubernetes
12 268 (25.79%) Docker
13 222 (21.37%) JavaScript
14 214 (20.60%) Ansible
15 213 (20.50%) Finance
16 203 (19.54%) Scrum
17 191 (18.38%) Linux
18 190 (18.29%) Test Automation
18 190 (18.29%) Infrastructure as Code
19 188 (18.09%) Microservices
20 179 (17.23%) Continuous Integration
21 177 (17.04%) Confluence
21 177 (17.04%) Social Skills
22 166 (15.98%) SQL
23 155 (14.92%) Maven
24 145 (13.96%) REST
25 143 (13.76%) JSON
26 129 (12.42%) Spring
27 125 (12.03%) PaaS
27 125 (12.03%) PowerShell

GitHub
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 177 (17.04%) Confluence
2 40 (3.85%) Apache Spark
3 37 (3.56%) Tomcat
4 29 (2.79%) Apache
5 27 (2.60%) SharePoint
6 26 (2.50%) WebLogic
7 23 (2.21%) WebSphere
8 22 (2.12%) Apache Airflow
9 18 (1.73%) Mule
10 13 (1.25%) nginx
11 12 (1.15%) WordPress
12 11 (1.06%) Cloud Foundry
12 11 (1.06%) JBoss
12 11 (1.06%) WebSphere Application Server
13 10 (0.96%) Elasticsearch
13 10 (0.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 8 (0.77%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 7 (0.67%) CMS
15 7 (0.67%) WebLogic Portal
16 6 (0.58%) SAS
Applications
1 9 (0.87%) InVision
1 9 (0.87%) Sketch
2 7 (0.67%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 7 (0.67%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.48%) Figma
4 2 (0.19%) Adobe XD
4 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.19%) OmniGraffle
4 2 (0.19%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 8 (0.77%) Magento
1 8 (0.77%) Sentinel
2 7 (0.67%) SAP S/4HANA
3 6 (0.58%) Oracle Applications
3 6 (0.58%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.29%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.19%) Sage CRM
5 2 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.096%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.096%) Front Arena
6 1 (0.096%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.096%) Primavera
6 1 (0.096%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 351 (33.78%) AWS
2 318 (30.61%) Azure
3 125 (12.03%) PaaS
4 121 (11.65%) Serverless
5 114 (10.97%) GCP
6 106 (10.20%) IaaS
7 82 (7.89%) AWS Lambda
8 56 (5.39%) AWS CloudFormation
9 46 (4.43%) SaaS
10 45 (4.33%) Slack
11 42 (4.04%) Amazon EC2
12 39 (3.75%) Amazon S3
13 38 (3.66%) Azure Functions
14 35 (3.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 33 (3.18%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 31 (2.98%) Amazon EKS
17 27 (2.60%) OpenShift
18 23 (2.21%) Power Platform
19 21 (2.02%) Amazon ECS
20 18 (1.73%) AWS CodePipeline
Communications & Networking
1 31 (2.98%) DNS
2 30 (2.89%) TCP/IP
3 22 (2.12%) HTTP
4 17 (1.64%) HTTPS
5 16 (1.54%) Kerberos
6 15 (1.44%) LAN
6 15 (1.44%) SAN
6 15 (1.44%) WAN
7 14 (1.35%) NAS
7 14 (1.35%) SSL
8 12 (1.15%) Firewall
8 12 (1.15%) iSCSI
9 11 (1.06%) Cisco Nexus
9 11 (1.06%) FCoE
9 11 (1.06%) Fibre Channel
9 11 (1.06%) Multicast
9 11 (1.06%) VPN
10 10 (0.96%) Internet
11 8 (0.77%) 2G
12 5 (0.48%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (5.58%) PostgreSQL
2 56 (5.39%) MongoDB
3 46 (4.43%) NoSQL
3 46 (4.43%) SQL Server
4 43 (4.14%) Hadoop
5 33 (3.18%) MySQL
6 29 (2.79%) Relational Database
7 28 (2.69%) Redis
8 25 (2.41%) Big Data
9 24 (2.31%) Amazon RDS
10 23 (2.21%) Oracle Database
11 21 (2.02%) Tableau
12 20 (1.92%) Data Lake
12 20 (1.92%) Power BI
13 18 (1.73%) Data Warehouse
14 13 (1.25%) Apache Cassandra
14 13 (1.25%) HBase
15 12 (1.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 12 (1.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 11 (1.06%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 436 (41.96%) Jenkins
2 337 (32.44%) Git (software)
3 291 (28.01%) JIRA
4 155 (14.92%) Maven
5 105 (10.11%) GitLab
6 87 (8.37%) JUnit
7 86 (8.28%) Bitbucket
8 83 (7.99%) Sonatype Nexus
9 67 (6.45%) TeamCity
10 62 (5.97%) Postman
11 61 (5.87%) Selenium
12 53 (5.10%) Cucumber
13 48 (4.62%) Gradle
14 43 (4.14%) Mockito
15 38 (3.66%) Subversion
16 29 (2.79%) JMeter
17 22 (2.12%) SonarQube
18 21 (2.02%) CircleCI
18 21 (2.02%) git-flow
18 21 (2.02%) Visual Studio
General
1 213 (20.50%) Finance
2 177 (17.04%) Social Skills
3 87 (8.37%) Banking
4 52 (5.00%) Analytical Skills
5 39 (3.75%) Public Sector
6 27 (2.60%) Retail
7 26 (2.50%) Marketing
8 23 (2.21%) Presentation Skills
9 18 (1.73%) Manufacturing
10 16 (1.54%) Games
11 15 (1.44%) Documentation Skills
11 15 (1.44%) Influencing Skills
12 13 (1.25%) Front Office
13 11 (1.06%) Telecoms
14 9 (0.87%) Investment Banking
14 9 (0.87%) Legal
14 9 (0.87%) Publishing
15 8 (0.77%) Pharmaceutical
16 7 (0.67%) iGaming
17 6 (0.58%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 343 (33.01%) Developer
2 188 (18.09%) DevOps Engineer
3 112 (10.78%) Architect
4 100 (9.62%) AWS Engineer
5 69 (6.64%) Azure Engineer
6 60 (5.77%) Java Developer
7 58 (5.58%) Cloud Engineer
8 52 (5.00%) Senior Developer
9 43 (4.14%) Cloud Architect
10 41 (3.95%) AWS DevOps
11 38 (3.66%) Full Stack Developer
12 37 (3.56%) Data Engineer
13 35 (3.37%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 34 (3.27%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 33 (3.18%) AWS Architect
16 31 (2.98%) Android Developer
17 28 (2.69%) Azure Architect
18 27 (2.60%) Lead DevOps
19 26 (2.50%) Solutions Architect
20 25 (2.41%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 145 (13.96%) REST
2 143 (13.76%) JSON
3 129 (12.42%) Spring
4 123 (11.84%) React
5 122 (11.74%) HTML
6 105 (10.11%) CSS
7 102 (9.82%) Node.js
8 99 (9.53%) Spring Boot
9 87 (8.37%) XML
10 82 (7.89%) Kafka
11 74 (7.12%) Web Services
12 64 (6.16%) RESTful
13 57 (5.49%) AngularJS
14 51 (4.91%) .NET
15 44 (4.23%) CSS3
15 44 (4.23%) YAML
16 41 (3.95%) HTML5
17 35 (3.37%) SOAP
18 30 (2.89%) Ruby on Rails
18 30 (2.89%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 73 (7.03%) Data Protection Act
2 69 (6.64%) User Experience
3 56 (5.39%) Mobile App
4 46 (4.43%) Cloud Native
5 35 (3.37%) Algorithms
6 34 (3.27%) Public Cloud
7 29 (2.79%) Clustering
8 22 (2.12%) Replication
9 18 (1.73%) Data Structures
9 18 (1.73%) Enterprise Software
10 15 (1.44%) Data Centre
10 15 (1.44%) iPhone
11 14 (1.35%) Animation
11 14 (1.35%) Greenfield Project
12 13 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
13 12 (1.15%) Management Information System
14 11 (1.06%) Hybrid Cloud
14 11 (1.06%) Virtual Team
15 9 (0.87%) Linux Command Line
16 8 (0.77%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 191 (18.38%) Linux
2 109 (10.49%) Windows
3 64 (6.16%) Unix
4 53 (5.10%) Android
5 34 (3.27%) Apple iOS
6 22 (2.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 21 (2.02%) Solaris
8 15 (1.44%) Windows Server
9 9 (0.87%) CentOS
10 8 (0.77%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.77%) VMS
11 5 (0.48%) Mac OS X
12 4 (0.38%) Windows Server 2008
13 3 (0.29%) Amazon Linux
13 3 (0.29%) CoreOS
13 3 (0.29%) SUSE
14 2 (0.19%) AIX
14 2 (0.19%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
15 1 (0.096%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 551 (53.03%) DevOps
2 468 (45.04%) Agile Software Development
3 203 (19.54%) Scrum
4 190 (18.29%) Infrastructure as Code
4 190 (18.29%) Test Automation
5 188 (18.09%) Microservices
6 179 (17.23%) Continuous Integration
7 119 (11.45%) TDD
8 90 (8.66%) Data Protection
9 86 (8.28%) Configuration Management
10 85 (8.18%) Continuous Delivery
11 80 (7.70%) Software Engineering
12 78 (7.51%) Open Source
13 77 (7.41%) Problem-Solving
14 69 (6.64%) Kanban
15 68 (6.54%) SDLC
16 66 (6.35%) Analytics
16 66 (6.35%) BDD
17 62 (5.97%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 62 (5.97%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 349 (33.59%) Python
2 339 (32.63%) Java
3 222 (21.37%) JavaScript
4 166 (15.98%) SQL
5 125 (12.03%) PowerShell
6 105 (10.11%) Bash Shell
7 78 (7.51%) C#
8 66 (6.35%) TypeScript
9 56 (5.39%) Scala
10 52 (5.00%) Ruby
11 46 (4.43%) Shell Script
12 43 (4.14%) Java 8
13 41 (3.95%) Kotlin
14 40 (3.85%) Go
15 39 (3.75%) Groovy
16 35 (3.37%) C++
17 33 (3.18%) PHP
18 27 (2.60%) Perl
19 26 (2.50%) Apple Swift
20 22 (2.12%) ES6
Qualifications
1 101 (9.72%) Security Cleared
2 60 (5.77%) SC Cleared
3 38 (3.66%) Degree
4 33 (3.18%) AWS Certification
5 13 (1.25%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (1.25%) ISEB
5 13 (1.25%) ISTQB
6 11 (1.06%) BPSS Clearance
7 10 (0.96%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 8 (0.77%) DV Cleared
9 7 (0.67%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.38%) SAFe Agilist
10 4 (0.38%) TOGAF Certification
11 2 (0.19%) CTC Cleared
11 2 (0.19%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.096%) HNC
12 1 (0.096%) OCP
12 1 (0.096%) Oracle Certification
12 1 (0.096%) PhD
12 1 (0.096%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (6.26%) QA
2 51 (4.91%) Accessibility
3 11 (1.06%) GDPR
4 9 (0.87%) WCAG
5 8 (0.77%) Data Quality
5 8 (0.77%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 4 (0.38%) SLA
7 2 (0.19%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.096%) HL7
System Software
1 268 (25.79%) Docker
2 41 (3.95%) VMware Infrastructure
3 37 (3.56%) Active Directory
4 20 (1.92%) NFS
5 12 (1.15%) Hyper-V
5 12 (1.15%) VMware ESXi
6 11 (1.06%) KVM
6 11 (1.06%) SRDF
6 11 (1.06%) Xen
7 9 (0.87%) Oracle RAC
8 8 (0.77%) HDFS
9 5 (0.48%) Veritas File System
10 4 (0.38%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 4 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
11 3 (0.29%) Ceph
12 1 (0.096%) Apache Flume
12 1 (0.096%) vCloud
12 1 (0.096%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 1 (0.096%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 306 (29.45%) Terraform
2 270 (25.99%) Kubernetes
3 214 (20.60%) Ansible
4 117 (11.26%) Puppet
5 59 (5.68%) Opscode Chef
6 34 (3.27%) Grafana
7 19 (1.83%) Packer
7 19 (1.83%) Prometheus
7 19 (1.83%) Rancher
8 16 (1.54%) Kibana
9 13 (1.25%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 12 (1.15%) EMC NetWorker
10 12 (1.15%) QRadar
10 12 (1.15%) Tivoli
11 11 (1.06%) Control-M
11 11 (1.06%) Istio
12 8 (0.77%) vRealize
13 7 (0.67%) logstash
13 7 (0.67%) Netcool
13 7 (0.67%) Oozie
Vendors
1 111 (10.68%) Microsoft
2 98 (9.43%) Oracle
3 85 (8.18%) Splunk
4 72 (6.93%) Google
5 56 (5.39%) VMware
6 42 (4.04%) Atlassian
7 39 (3.75%) Databricks
8 33 (3.18%) MuleSoft
9 27 (2.60%) IBM
10 24 (2.31%) New Relic
10 24 (2.31%) Red Hat
11 23 (2.21%) EMC
11 23 (2.21%) SAP
12 20 (1.92%) Adobe
13 19 (1.83%) AppDynamics
14 18 (1.73%) Dynatrace
15 16 (1.54%) Salesforce.com
16 15 (1.44%) Sybase
17 14 (1.35%) BMC
18 13 (1.25%) Cisco