Period
to 25 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for GitHub skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GitHub over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

GitHub
UK > England
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 130 168 191
Rank change year-on-year +38 +23 +35
Contract jobs citing GitHub 1,375 454 1,140
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.03% 1.66% 1.48%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.71% 5.18% 5.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 904 278 693
10th Percentile £400 £377 £358
25th Percentile £458 £419 £415
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £489 £500
Median % change year-on-year +7.42% -2.25% -
75th Percentile £614 £547 £613
90th Percentile £688 £600 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £495 £500
% change year-on-year +6.06% -1.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 3 3
10th Percentile £18.60 £42.00 £51.05
25th Percentile £22.46 £45.00 £51.13
Median hourly rate £48.75 £50.00 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.50% -4.76% +75.00%
75th Percentile £64.62 £52.50 £53.75
90th Percentile £71.81 £54.00 "
UK median hourly rate £52.50 £40.00 £47.00
% change year-on-year +31.25% -14.89% +56.67%

GitHub is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,090 8,761 22,801
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.52% 32.04% 29.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,483 6,241 16,059
10th Percentile £320 £313 £298
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £588
90th Percentile £700 £675 £663
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £495
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.01% +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 423 116 318
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.63 £13.43
25th Percentile £14.13 £16.69 £16.25
Median hourly rate £20.00 £21.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -6.98% +2.38% +20.00%
75th Percentile £41.41 £41.06 £42.00
90th Percentile £65.20 £55.00 £71.48
UK median hourly rate £20.92 £21.86 £20.50
% change year-on-year -4.29% +6.63% +17.14%

GitHub
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing GitHub as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for GitHub in England

GitHub
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GitHub in England.

Daily rate trend for GitHub in England

GitHub
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GitHub in England over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GitHub in England

GitHub
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GitHub in England.

Hourly rate trend for GitHub in England

GitHub
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GitHub in England over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for GitHub in England

GitHub
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GitHub within the England region over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +48 902 £550 +10.00% 213
North of England -41 132 £518 +15.00% 59
South East -75 74 £490 -3.92% 50
South West +19 73 £475 -13.64% 33
North West -11 66 £500 +23.46% 36
Midlands -32 62 £519 +23.88% 33
Yorkshire -44 57 £525 +16.67% 16
West Midlands -37 52 £506 +20.90% 20
East of England -55 14 £481 +4.05% 13
North East -9 12 £525 +6.06% 7
East Midlands - 6 £465 - 13
GitHub
UK

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GitHub also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for GitHub.

1 778 (56.58%) DevOps
2 616 (44.80%) Agile Software Development
3 595 (43.27%) Jenkins
4 496 (36.07%) AWS
5 466 (33.89%) Azure
6 456 (33.16%) Java
7 444 (32.29%) Python
8 416 (30.25%) Terraform
9 410 (29.82%) Git (software)
10 390 (28.36%) Docker
11 373 (27.13%) Kubernetes
12 362 (26.33%) JIRA
13 317 (23.05%) JavaScript
14 275 (20.00%) Finance
15 270 (19.64%) Ansible
16 265 (19.27%) Social Skills
17 262 (19.05%) Scrum
18 261 (18.98%) Infrastructure as Code
19 256 (18.62%) Microservices
20 254 (18.47%) Test Automation
21 244 (17.75%) SQL
22 236 (17.16%) Linux
23 224 (16.29%) Maven
24 209 (15.20%) Confluence
25 200 (14.55%) Continuous Integration
26 179 (13.02%) REST
27 167 (12.15%) JSON
28 163 (11.85%) Serverless
29 160 (11.64%) Bash Shell
29 160 (11.64%) React

GitHub
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 209 (15.20%) Confluence
2 54 (3.93%) Apache Spark
3 46 (3.35%) Apache Airflow
4 40 (2.91%) Apache
5 39 (2.84%) Tomcat
6 26 (1.89%) CMS
6 26 (1.89%) SharePoint
6 26 (1.89%) WebSphere
7 23 (1.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 23 (1.67%) WebLogic
8 17 (1.24%) JBoss
9 16 (1.16%) nginx
10 14 (1.02%) Elasticsearch
10 14 (1.02%) Mule
10 14 (1.02%) WordPress
11 10 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
11 10 (0.73%) Red Hat Fuse
12 8 (0.58%) Appian
12 8 (0.58%) WebSphere Application Server
13 7 (0.51%) IIS
Applications
1 12 (0.87%) InVision
1 12 (0.87%) Sketch
2 11 (0.80%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 10 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
4 9 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
5 8 (0.58%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 5 (0.36%) Figma
6 5 (0.36%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.36%) Zeplin
7 4 (0.29%) Adobe XD
7 4 (0.29%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.073%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (0.58%) Magento
2 6 (0.44%) SAP S/4HANA
3 4 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.29%) NetSuite
3 4 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 3 (0.22%) Sentinel
5 2 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.073%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.073%) IBM Planning Analytics
6 1 (0.073%) Oracle 11i
6 1 (0.073%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.073%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.073%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 496 (36.07%) AWS
2 466 (33.89%) Azure
3 163 (11.85%) Serverless
4 159 (11.56%) PaaS
5 150 (10.91%) GCP
6 146 (10.62%) GitHub Actions
7 114 (8.29%) IaaS
8 105 (7.64%) AWS Lambda
9 91 (6.62%) AWS CloudFormation
10 75 (5.45%) Amazon S3
11 63 (4.58%) SaaS
12 55 (4.00%) Slack
13 48 (3.49%) Azure Functions
14 46 (3.35%) OpenShift
15 43 (3.13%) Amazon EC2
16 37 (2.69%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 37 (2.69%) Power Platform
17 35 (2.55%) Amazon EKS
17 35 (2.55%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 29 (2.11%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 33 (2.40%) TCP/IP
2 30 (2.18%) HTTP
3 27 (1.96%) Firewall
4 23 (1.67%) DNS
5 22 (1.60%) Kerberos
6 17 (1.24%) VPN
7 16 (1.16%) SSL
8 15 (1.09%) Internet
9 13 (0.95%) SAN
10 12 (0.87%) HTTPS
10 12 (0.87%) LAN
10 12 (0.87%) Network Security
10 12 (0.87%) WAN
11 11 (0.80%) NAS
12 9 (0.65%) 2G
13 7 (0.51%) Cisco Nexus
13 7 (0.51%) FCoE
13 7 (0.51%) Fibre Channel
13 7 (0.51%) iSCSI
13 7 (0.51%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 86 (6.25%) NoSQL
2 69 (5.02%) MongoDB
3 65 (4.73%) PostgreSQL
4 58 (4.22%) SQL Server
5 51 (3.71%) MySQL
6 45 (3.27%) Hadoop
7 42 (3.05%) Relational Database
8 40 (2.91%) Big Data
8 40 (2.91%) Oracle Database
9 38 (2.76%) Amazon RDS
10 33 (2.40%) Power BI
11 32 (2.33%) Tableau
12 26 (1.89%) Redis
13 24 (1.75%) Apache Cassandra
14 23 (1.67%) Data Lake
14 23 (1.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 22 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
16 20 (1.45%) Apache Hive
17 17 (1.24%) Azure SQL Database
18 15 (1.09%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 595 (43.27%) Jenkins
2 410 (29.82%) Git (software)
3 362 (26.33%) JIRA
4 224 (16.29%) Maven
5 137 (9.96%) GitLab
6 122 (8.87%) Sonatype Nexus
7 116 (8.44%) Bitbucket
8 94 (6.84%) TeamCity
9 91 (6.62%) JUnit
10 90 (6.55%) Gradle
10 90 (6.55%) Selenium
11 84 (6.11%) Postman
12 62 (4.51%) Cucumber
13 53 (3.85%) Mockito
14 49 (3.56%) Subversion
15 45 (3.27%) CircleCI
16 44 (3.20%) SonarQube
17 39 (2.84%) JMeter
18 29 (2.11%) Artifactory
19 28 (2.04%) Visual Studio
General
1 275 (20.00%) Finance
2 265 (19.27%) Social Skills
3 123 (8.95%) Banking
4 95 (6.91%) Analytical Skills
5 77 (5.60%) Public Sector
6 50 (3.64%) Marketing
7 42 (3.05%) Presentation Skills
8 40 (2.91%) Retail
9 25 (1.82%) Legal
10 23 (1.67%) Manufacturing
11 20 (1.45%) Investment Banking
12 18 (1.31%) Financial Institution
13 17 (1.24%) Telecoms
14 14 (1.02%) Front Office
14 14 (1.02%) Publishing
15 12 (0.87%) Documentation Skills
15 12 (0.87%) Games
16 10 (0.73%) Electronics
16 10 (0.73%) Influencing Skills
17 7 (0.51%) Military
Job Titles
1 440 (32.00%) Developer
2 256 (18.62%) DevOps Engineer
3 162 (11.78%) Architect
4 110 (8.00%) AWS Engineer
5 95 (6.91%) Azure Engineer
6 80 (5.82%) Java Developer
7 77 (5.60%) Cloud Engineer
8 69 (5.02%) Senior Developer
9 68 (4.95%) Data Engineer
10 54 (3.93%) Azure Architect
10 54 (3.93%) Cloud Architect
11 49 (3.56%) AWS DevOps
12 40 (2.91%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 40 (2.91%) Software Engineer
13 39 (2.84%) AWS Architect
13 39 (2.84%) Full Stack Developer
14 38 (2.76%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 37 (2.69%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 36 (2.62%) React Developer
17 35 (2.55%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 179 (13.02%) REST
2 167 (12.15%) JSON
3 160 (11.64%) React
4 155 (11.27%) HTML
5 154 (11.20%) CSS
6 143 (10.40%) Node.js
7 137 (9.96%) Spring
8 118 (8.58%) Kafka
9 110 (8.00%) Web Services
9 110 (8.00%) XML
10 100 (7.27%) Spring Boot
11 77 (5.60%) .NET
11 77 (5.60%) RESTful
12 76 (5.53%) CSS3
13 64 (4.65%) SOAP
14 62 (4.51%) YAML
15 60 (4.36%) AngularJS
16 58 (4.22%) HTML5
17 39 (2.84%) Sass
18 36 (2.62%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 100 (7.27%) Data Protection Act
2 75 (5.45%) Mobile App
2 75 (5.45%) User Experience
3 74 (5.38%) Public Cloud
4 57 (4.15%) Cloud Native
5 33 (2.40%) Algorithms
6 22 (1.60%) Social Media
7 20 (1.45%) Data Centre
8 18 (1.31%) Clustering
8 18 (1.31%) Greenfield Project
9 17 (1.24%) Hedge funds
10 16 (1.16%) Data Structures
10 16 (1.16%) Enterprise Software
10 16 (1.16%) Management Information System
10 16 (1.16%) Replication
11 15 (1.09%) Self-Motivation
12 13 (0.95%) Linux Command Line
13 10 (0.73%) iPhone
14 9 (0.65%) Analytical Mindset
14 9 (0.65%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 236 (17.16%) Linux
2 113 (8.22%) Windows
3 79 (5.75%) Unix
4 38 (2.76%) Android
5 36 (2.62%) Apple iOS
6 25 (1.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 20 (1.45%) Windows Server
8 16 (1.16%) Solaris
9 10 (0.73%) CentOS
9 10 (0.73%) Windows Server 2008
10 8 (0.58%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.58%) VMS
10 8 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
11 6 (0.44%) Mac OS X
11 6 (0.44%) Windows Server 2016
11 6 (0.44%) Windows Server 2019
12 5 (0.36%) CoreOS
13 4 (0.29%) Amazon Linux
14 2 (0.15%) SUSE
15 1 (0.073%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 778 (56.58%) DevOps
2 616 (44.80%) Agile Software Development
3 262 (19.05%) Scrum
4 261 (18.98%) Infrastructure as Code
5 256 (18.62%) Microservices
6 254 (18.47%) Test Automation
7 200 (14.55%) Continuous Integration
8 146 (10.62%) Problem-Solving
9 129 (9.38%) Data Protection
10 118 (8.58%) TDD
11 112 (8.15%) SDLC
12 109 (7.93%) Analytics
13 96 (6.98%) Configuration Management
14 94 (6.84%) Continuous Delivery
15 93 (6.76%) Software Engineering
16 92 (6.69%) Open Source
17 89 (6.47%) Kanban
18 82 (5.96%) Full Stack Development
19 76 (5.53%) Migration
20 69 (5.02%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 456 (33.16%) Java
2 444 (32.29%) Python
3 317 (23.05%) JavaScript
4 244 (17.75%) SQL
5 160 (11.64%) Bash Shell
6 139 (10.11%) PowerShell
7 108 (7.85%) C#
8 102 (7.42%) TypeScript
9 74 (5.38%) Go
10 71 (5.16%) Groovy
11 67 (4.87%) Java 8
12 65 (4.73%) Scala
13 54 (3.93%) Shell Script
14 49 (3.56%) PHP
15 47 (3.42%) Ruby
16 31 (2.25%) C
16 31 (2.25%) ES6
17 30 (2.18%) Java 11
17 30 (2.18%) Kotlin
18 29 (2.11%) C++
Qualifications
1 148 (10.76%) Security Cleared
2 97 (7.05%) SC Cleared
3 43 (3.13%) Degree
4 32 (2.33%) AWS Certification
5 23 (1.67%) BPSS Clearance
6 21 (1.53%) ISTQB
7 16 (1.16%) Computer Science Degree
8 15 (1.09%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 11 (0.80%) ISEB
10 8 (0.58%) DV Cleared
11 3 (0.22%) CEH
11 3 (0.22%) CISA
11 3 (0.22%) CISSP
11 3 (0.22%) CRISC
11 3 (0.22%) Master's Degree
12 2 (0.15%) CTC Cleared
12 2 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
13 1 (0.073%) Cisco Certification
13 1 (0.073%) CISM
13 1 (0.073%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 81 (5.89%) Accessibility
2 77 (5.60%) QA
3 27 (1.96%) GDPR
4 19 (1.38%) WCAG
5 10 (0.73%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 8 (0.58%) SLA
7 7 (0.51%) GRC
8 6 (0.44%) Data Quality
9 3 (0.22%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.15%) HL7
11 1 (0.073%) COBIT
11 1 (0.073%) ISO 9000
11 1 (0.073%) NIST
System Software
1 390 (28.36%) Docker
2 46 (3.35%) Active Directory
3 36 (2.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (1.16%) NFS
5 14 (1.02%) VMware ESXi
6 11 (0.80%) KVM
7 10 (0.73%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 9 (0.65%) Hyper-V
9 8 (0.58%) HDFS
10 7 (0.51%) SRDF
10 7 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
10 7 (0.51%) Xen
11 4 (0.29%) Oracle RAC
11 4 (0.29%) Veritas File System
11 4 (0.29%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 4 (0.29%) Virtual Desktop
11 4 (0.29%) vSphere
12 3 (0.22%) Ceph
13 2 (0.15%) Apache Flume
13 2 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 416 (30.25%) Terraform
2 373 (27.13%) Kubernetes
3 270 (19.64%) Ansible
4 117 (8.51%) Puppet
5 80 (5.82%) Opscode Chef
6 66 (4.80%) Grafana
7 34 (2.47%) Rancher
8 31 (2.25%) Prometheus
9 25 (1.82%) Bosun
9 25 (1.82%) Kibana
10 20 (1.45%) VictorOps
11 16 (1.16%) Istio
11 16 (1.16%) Packer
12 12 (0.87%) Control-M
12 12 (0.87%) Tivoli Storage Manager
13 11 (0.80%) QRadar
13 11 (0.80%) Tivoli
14 10 (0.73%) Argo
14 10 (0.73%) EMC NetWorker
15 9 (0.65%) Nagios
Vendors
1 151 (10.98%) Microsoft
2 128 (9.31%) Oracle
3 97 (7.05%) Splunk
4 70 (5.09%) Google
5 58 (4.22%) Atlassian
6 48 (3.49%) VMware
7 42 (3.05%) Databricks
8 37 (2.69%) Adobe
8 37 (2.69%) MuleSoft
9 36 (2.62%) IBM
10 34 (2.47%) Red Hat
11 30 (2.18%) SAP
12 26 (1.89%) Dynatrace
12 26 (1.89%) New Relic
13 25 (1.82%) AppDynamics
14 17 (1.24%) EMC
14 17 (1.24%) SaltStack
15 14 (1.02%) Informatica
15 14 (1.02%) Salesforce.com
16 12 (0.87%) Cisco