Period
to 17 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for GitHub skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GitHub over the 6 months to 17 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

GitHub
UK > England
6 months to
17 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 154 176 202
Rank change year-on-year +22 +26 +56
Contract jobs citing GitHub 728 769 1,277
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.73% 1.48% 1.45%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.04% 4.78% 5.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 438 536 836
10th Percentile £360 £363 £375
25th Percentile £406 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £518 £520
Median % change year-on-year -3.38% -0.48% +4.00%
75th Percentile £575 £638 £588
90th Percentile £638 £675 £667
UK median daily rate £500 £515 £513
% change year-on-year -2.91% +0.49% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 4 2
10th Percentile £40.40 £23.48 £39.75
25th Percentile £52.75 £24.94 £45.00
Median hourly rate £65.00 £37.00 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year +75.68% -32.73% +63.42%
75th Percentile £68.00 £48.75 £65.00
90th Percentile " " £70.25
UK median hourly rate £52.75 £41.00 £46.25
% change year-on-year +28.66% -11.35% +37.42%

GitHub is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 14,443 16,074 24,616
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.23% 30.84% 28.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,435 11,418 17,380
10th Percentile £313 £288 £313
25th Percentile £406 £400 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £656
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 249 257 248
10th Percentile £11.73 £12.50 £11.18
25th Percentile £15.00 £16.50 £13.24
Median hourly rate £21.18 £20.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +5.88% +14.29% -7.01%
75th Percentile £40.00 £39.31 £25.81
90th Percentile £60.00 £61.10 £49.07
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +12.50% +14.29% -2.78%

GitHub
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing GitHub as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for GitHub in England

GitHub
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GitHub in England.

Daily rate trend for GitHub in England

GitHub
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GitHub in England over the 6 months to 17 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GitHub in England

GitHub
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GitHub in England.

Hourly rate trend for GitHub in England

GitHub
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GitHub in England over the 6 months to 17 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for GitHub in England

GitHub
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GitHub within the England region over the 6 months to 17 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 449 £506 -5.81% 161
North of England +22 80 £450 -11.33% 29
South East +56 60 £450 -8.63% 66
Yorkshire +8 47 £475 -11.63% 6
South West +44 31 £450 - 21
North West +34 29 £400 - 16
Midlands +31 25 £475 +3.26% 41
West Midlands +23 22 £517 +12.39% 34
East of England +43 18 £500 +5.26% 13
North East +22 4 £550 -45.00% 7
East Midlands +24 2 £345 -27.37% 7
GitHub
UK

For the 6 months to 17 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GitHub also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for GitHub.

1 379 (52.06%) Agile Software Development
2 313 (42.99%) DevOps
3 291 (39.97%) Jenkins
4 288 (39.56%) Git (software)
5 238 (32.69%) Java
6 235 (32.28%) Python
7 218 (29.95%) Docker
8 196 (26.92%) Azure
9 195 (26.79%) JIRA
10 191 (26.24%) Kubernetes
11 190 (26.10%) Test Automation
12 188 (25.82%) AWS
13 186 (25.55%) JavaScript
14 178 (24.45%) Terraform
15 147 (20.19%) Scrum
16 133 (18.27%) Confluence
17 130 (17.86%) Finance
17 130 (17.86%) Linux
17 130 (17.86%) Continuous Integration
18 122 (16.76%) Maven
19 121 (16.62%) REST
20 120 (16.48%) Ansible
21 115 (15.80%) Microservices
22 109 (14.97%) Node.js
23 103 (14.15%) React
24 100 (13.74%) TDD
25 99 (13.60%) SQL
26 95 (13.05%) GCP
26 95 (13.05%) Infrastructure as Code
27 94 (12.91%) JSON

GitHub
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 133 (18.27%) Confluence
2 33 (4.53%) Apache Spark
3 31 (4.26%) Apache
4 20 (2.75%) WebLogic
5 15 (2.06%) Mule
5 15 (2.06%) SharePoint
6 14 (1.92%) Elasticsearch
6 14 (1.92%) Tomcat
7 13 (1.79%) Cloud Foundry
8 12 (1.65%) IIS
8 12 (1.65%) nginx
9 11 (1.51%) Apache Airflow
9 11 (1.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 11 (1.51%) WebSphere
10 10 (1.37%) WebLogic Portal
11 9 (1.24%) Mule ESB
12 8 (1.10%) Anypoint
12 8 (1.10%) DNN
13 7 (0.96%) Apache Synapse
14 5 (0.69%) Jupyter
Applications
1 4 (0.55%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.41%) Figma
3 2 (0.27%) Adobe XD
3 2 (0.27%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.27%) InVision
3 2 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.27%) OmniGraffle
3 2 (0.27%) Sketch
3 2 (0.27%) Zeplin
4 1 (0.14%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 10 (1.37%) Oracle Applications
1 10 (1.37%) Oracle EBS
2 8 (1.10%) SAP S/4HANA
3 5 (0.69%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.27%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.27%) Magento
4 2 (0.27%) Sage CRM
4 2 (0.27%) Shopify
5 1 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.14%) Front Arena
5 1 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.14%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 196 (26.92%) Azure
2 188 (25.82%) AWS
3 95 (13.05%) GCP
4 67 (9.20%) Serverless
5 59 (8.10%) Slack
6 49 (6.73%) PaaS
7 39 (5.36%) AWS Lambda
8 34 (4.67%) IaaS
9 24 (3.30%) Amazon S3
10 23 (3.16%) Amazon EC2
10 23 (3.16%) SaaS
11 20 (2.75%) Amazon ECS
12 18 (2.47%) AWS CloudFormation
13 17 (2.34%) Azure Functions
14 15 (2.06%) Amazon EKS
14 15 (2.06%) Datadog
15 12 (1.65%) OpenShift
16 11 (1.51%) npm
17 9 (1.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 9 (1.24%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 20 (2.75%) DNS
2 16 (2.20%) HTTP
3 15 (2.06%) HTTPS
4 12 (1.65%) NAS
5 11 (1.51%) TCP/IP
5 11 (1.51%) VPN
6 9 (1.24%) SSL
7 8 (1.10%) Firewall
7 8 (1.10%) LAN
7 8 (1.10%) WAN
8 7 (0.96%) iSCSI
8 7 (0.96%) Kerberos
9 5 (0.69%) Cisco Nexus
9 5 (0.69%) SAN
10 4 (0.55%) FCoE
10 4 (0.55%) Fibre Channel
10 4 (0.55%) IPv6
10 4 (0.55%) Multicast
10 4 (0.55%) Wireless
11 3 (0.41%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (5.63%) Big Data
2 40 (5.49%) SQL Server
3 36 (4.95%) MongoDB
4 33 (4.53%) NoSQL
4 33 (4.53%) PostgreSQL
5 27 (3.71%) MySQL
6 26 (3.57%) Hadoop
7 20 (2.75%) Data Warehouse
7 20 (2.75%) Redis
8 18 (2.47%) HBase
9 17 (2.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 17 (2.34%) Apache Hive
9 17 (2.34%) BigQuery
10 15 (2.06%) Oracle Database
11 14 (1.92%) Blockchain
12 13 (1.79%) Amazon RDS
12 13 (1.79%) Relational Database
13 12 (1.65%) Oracle Database 11g
13 12 (1.65%) Oracle Database 12c
14 10 (1.37%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 291 (39.97%) Jenkins
2 288 (39.56%) Git (software)
3 195 (26.79%) JIRA
4 122 (16.76%) Maven
5 93 (12.77%) GitLab
6 80 (10.99%) Sonatype Nexus
7 68 (9.34%) JUnit
8 58 (7.97%) Bitbucket
9 50 (6.87%) Gradle
10 49 (6.73%) Selenium
11 34 (4.67%) TeamCity
12 33 (4.53%) Mockito
13 32 (4.40%) Cucumber
14 30 (4.12%) Visual Studio
15 29 (3.98%) CircleCI
15 29 (3.98%) git-flow
16 24 (3.30%) webpack
16 24 (3.30%) Xcode
17 21 (2.88%) SonarQube
18 19 (2.61%) CocoaPods
General
1 130 (17.86%) Finance
2 73 (10.03%) Banking
3 31 (4.26%) Public Sector
4 23 (3.16%) Retail
5 17 (2.34%) Marketing
6 12 (1.65%) Investment Banking
6 12 (1.65%) Telecoms
7 10 (1.37%) Front Office
7 10 (1.37%) Games
8 9 (1.24%) Pharmaceutical
9 6 (0.82%) Manufacturing
10 5 (0.69%) Law
10 5 (0.69%) Legal
11 4 (0.55%) Electronics
11 4 (0.55%) German Language
11 4 (0.55%) Publishing
12 3 (0.41%) International Banking
12 3 (0.41%) Retail Banking
13 2 (0.27%) Automotive
14 1 (0.14%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 283 (38.87%) Developer
2 109 (14.97%) DevOps Engineer
3 48 (6.59%) Architect
4 42 (5.77%) Java Developer
5 38 (5.22%) Azure Engineer
6 37 (5.08%) AWS Engineer
7 35 (4.81%) Full Stack Developer
8 33 (4.53%) Senior Developer
9 32 (4.40%) Android Developer
10 27 (3.71%) AWS DevOps
11 26 (3.57%) Cloud Engineer
12 22 (3.02%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 22 (3.02%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 22 (3.02%) iOS Developer
13 20 (2.75%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 20 (2.75%) Data Engineer
13 20 (2.75%) React Developer
14 18 (2.47%) Software Engineer
15 17 (2.34%) DBA
15 17 (2.34%) Lead DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 121 (16.62%) REST
2 109 (14.97%) Node.js
3 103 (14.15%) React
4 94 (12.91%) JSON
5 90 (12.36%) CSS
6 85 (11.68%) HTML
7 81 (11.13%) RESTful
8 75 (10.30%) Spring
9 69 (9.48%) Spring Boot
10 56 (7.69%) Web Services
11 51 (7.01%) .NET
12 46 (6.32%) Kafka
12 46 (6.32%) XML
13 40 (5.49%) Redux
14 36 (4.95%) YAML
15 33 (4.53%) GraphQL
16 30 (4.12%) RxJava
17 29 (3.98%) Ruby on Rails
18 28 (3.85%) AngularJS
18 28 (3.85%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 88 (12.09%) User Experience
2 72 (9.89%) Mobile App
3 39 (5.36%) Cloud Native
4 31 (4.26%) Algorithms
5 27 (3.71%) Clustering
6 25 (3.43%) Analytical Skills
7 23 (3.16%) Greenfield Project
7 23 (3.16%) Public Cloud
8 20 (2.75%) Linux Command Line
9 19 (2.61%) Data Structures
10 16 (2.20%) Enterprise Software
11 12 (1.65%) iPad
11 12 (1.65%) iPhone
11 12 (1.65%) Mobile Payment
12 11 (1.51%) Hedge funds
13 10 (1.37%) Animation
13 10 (1.37%) Bitcoin
13 10 (1.37%) IVR
13 10 (1.37%) Replication
14 9 (1.24%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 130 (17.86%) Linux
2 85 (11.68%) Windows
3 69 (9.48%) Android
4 40 (5.49%) Unix
5 38 (5.22%) Apple iOS
6 22 (3.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 11 (1.51%) Windows Server
8 9 (1.24%) Solaris
9 6 (0.82%) Mac OS
9 6 (0.82%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.69%) Mac OS X
11 3 (0.41%) AIX
11 3 (0.41%) CentOS
11 3 (0.41%) VMS
11 3 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.27%) SUSE
12 2 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
13 1 (0.14%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 379 (52.06%) Agile Software Development
2 313 (42.99%) DevOps
3 190 (26.10%) Test Automation
4 147 (20.19%) Scrum
5 130 (17.86%) Continuous Integration
6 115 (15.80%) Microservices
7 100 (13.74%) TDD
8 95 (13.05%) Infrastructure as Code
9 91 (12.50%) Software Engineering
10 89 (12.23%) Kanban
11 81 (11.13%) Open Source
12 68 (9.34%) Configuration Management
13 57 (7.83%) BDD
14 53 (7.28%) Continuous Delivery
15 51 (7.01%) Android Development
16 48 (6.59%) SDLC
17 47 (6.46%) Continuous Improvement
18 45 (6.18%) Deployment Automation
19 44 (6.04%) Analytics
20 42 (5.77%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 238 (32.69%) Java
2 235 (32.28%) Python
3 186 (25.55%) JavaScript
4 99 (13.60%) SQL
5 83 (11.40%) PowerShell
6 68 (9.34%) C#
7 66 (9.07%) Bash Shell
8 63 (8.65%) Kotlin
9 52 (7.14%) Ruby
10 51 (7.01%) C++
10 51 (7.01%) Java 8
11 38 (5.22%) Scala
12 37 (5.08%) TypeScript
13 33 (4.53%) Shell Script
14 30 (4.12%) Apple Swift
14 30 (4.12%) Perl
15 26 (3.57%) Go
16 22 (3.02%) PHP
17 19 (2.61%) ES6
18 17 (2.34%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 67 (9.20%) Security Cleared
2 55 (7.55%) SC Cleared
3 41 (5.63%) Degree
4 19 (2.61%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (2.06%) ISTQB
6 14 (1.92%) ISEB
7 10 (1.37%) Master's Degree
8 9 (1.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 7 (0.96%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.69%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.27%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 2 (0.27%) SAFe Agilist
11 2 (0.27%) TOGAF Certification
12 1 (0.14%) BPSS Clearance
12 1 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
12 1 (0.14%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.14%) HNC
12 1 (0.14%) Oracle Certification
12 1 (0.14%) Postgraduate
12 1 (0.14%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (6.73%) QA
2 7 (0.96%) GDPR
3 4 (0.55%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 3 (0.41%) WCAG
5 2 (0.27%) SLA
6 1 (0.14%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.14%) GxP
6 1 (0.14%) PMO
System Software
1 218 (29.95%) Docker
2 18 (2.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (2.34%) Active Directory
4 9 (1.24%) HDFS
5 7 (0.96%) VMware ESXi
6 6 (0.82%) GlusterFS
6 6 (0.82%) NFS
7 5 (0.69%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.69%) KVM
7 5 (0.69%) Oracle RAC
8 4 (0.55%) SRDF
8 4 (0.55%) Xen
9 3 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.41%) vSphere
10 2 (0.27%) UAG
10 2 (0.27%) Veritas File System
11 1 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.14%) Firmware
11 1 (0.14%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 191 (26.24%) Kubernetes
2 178 (24.45%) Terraform
3 120 (16.48%) Ansible
4 55 (7.55%) Puppet
5 37 (5.08%) Grafana
6 34 (4.67%) Opscode Chef
7 30 (4.12%) Prometheus
8 15 (2.06%) Packer
9 13 (1.79%) Kibana
10 12 (1.65%) Salt
11 10 (1.37%) Istio
11 10 (1.37%) Oracle RMAN
12 9 (1.24%) Oozie
13 8 (1.10%) CloudHub
13 8 (1.10%) vRealize
14 7 (0.96%) Control-M
15 6 (0.82%) Nagios
15 6 (0.82%) Tivoli Storage Manager
15 6 (0.82%) vRealize Orchestrator
16 5 (0.69%) Rancher
Vendors
1 70 (9.62%) Google
2 69 (9.48%) Microsoft
3 50 (6.87%) Oracle
4 33 (4.53%) Splunk
5 31 (4.26%) Atlassian
6 26 (3.57%) VMware
7 20 (2.75%) Databricks
8 18 (2.47%) AppDynamics
9 16 (2.20%) Red Hat
10 14 (1.92%) SAP
11 13 (1.79%) MuleSoft
12 10 (1.37%) Cisco
12 10 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
13 9 (1.24%) Dynatrace
13 9 (1.24%) EMC
14 8 (1.10%) BMC
15 7 (0.96%) Adobe
15 7 (0.96%) Apple
15 7 (0.96%) New Relic
15 7 (0.96%) Sage