Period
to 17 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 17 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
UK
6 months to
17 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 482 551 678
Rank change year-on-year +69 +127 +170
Contract jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud 389 366 180
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.42% 0.35% 0.19%
As % of the Cloud Services category 1.48% 1.64% 1.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 257 270 134
UK median daily rate £575 £550 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £425 £425 £379
90th Percentile £695 £675 £598
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £519 £488
% change year-on-year -3.74% +6.55% +25.81%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 0
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £55.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -36.36% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Virtual Private Cloud is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 26,264 22,344 13,692
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.29% 21.56% 14.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,027 15,277 9,381
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £313 £306 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £619
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 364 321 202
UK median hourly rate £22.34 £19.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.55% - -
10th Percentile £13.00 £11.85 £10.77
90th Percentile £63.75 £58.75 £60.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.34 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +27.63% - +9.38%

Virtual Private Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Private Cloud as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 17 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 17 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 17 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +61 379 £575 +4.55% 77
London +16 231 £600 +9.09% 45
UK excluding London +79 152 £500 -3.74% 35
North of England +53 64 £500 -9.09% 17
South East +56 38 £545 +32.12% 7
North West +19 25 £538 -10.42% 10
Yorkshire +33 20 £550 +29.41% 4
South West -12 19 £475 -20.09% 1
North East - 19 £495 - 3
Midlands +15 17 £400 -27.27% 7
West Midlands +24 13 £400 -32.63% 5
East of England +12 9 £600 +7.14%
Scotland +26 5 £338 -20.59% 2
East Midlands +20 4 £502 +25.57% 2

For the 6 months to 17 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud.

1 382 (98.20%) Amazon AWS
2 255 (65.55%) Amazon EC2
3 251 (64.52%) DevOps
4 236 (60.67%) Linux
5 227 (58.35%) Amazon S3
6 205 (52.70%) Python
7 192 (49.36%) Jenkins
8 186 (47.81%) Ansible
9 174 (44.73%) Agile Software Development
10 159 (40.87%) Terraform
11 157 (40.36%) Docker
12 155 (39.85%) Amazon RDS
13 142 (36.50%) Git (software)
14 135 (34.70%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 133 (34.19%) Serverless
16 131 (33.68%) Puppet
17 130 (33.42%) AWS Lambda
18 127 (32.65%) Amazon ELB
19 124 (31.88%) Opscode Chef
20 123 (31.62%) Kubernetes
21 121 (31.11%) AWS CloudFormation
22 109 (28.02%) Route 53
23 106 (27.25%) Java
23 106 (27.25%) Configuration Management
24 101 (25.96%) Bash Shell
25 94 (24.16%) Amazon ECS
26 91 (23.39%) Security Cleared
27 88 (22.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
28 84 (21.59%) Continuous Integration
28 84 (21.59%) Windows

Virtual Private Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (16.45%) Confluence
2 35 (9.00%) Apache
3 31 (7.97%) nginx
4 15 (3.86%) IIS
5 12 (3.08%) Elasticsearch
6 8 (2.06%) Apache Spark
7 7 (1.80%) WebSphere
8 6 (1.54%) WebLogic
9 5 (1.29%) Tomcat
10 4 (1.03%) SAS
11 3 (0.77%) WebSphere Application Server
12 2 (0.51%) Apache Pig
12 2 (0.51%) IBM Domino
12 2 (0.51%) JBoss
12 2 (0.51%) Jupyter
12 2 (0.51%) OpenStack
13 1 (0.26%) Jetty
Applications
1 3 (0.77%) Microsoft Office
1 3 (0.77%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 382 (98.20%) Amazon AWS
2 255 (65.55%) Amazon EC2
3 227 (58.35%) Amazon S3
4 135 (34.70%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 133 (34.19%) Serverless
6 130 (33.42%) AWS Lambda
7 127 (32.65%) Amazon ELB
8 121 (31.11%) AWS CloudFormation
9 109 (28.02%) Route 53
10 94 (24.16%) Amazon ECS
11 66 (16.97%) Amazon SQS
12 60 (15.42%) CloudFront
13 54 (13.88%) AWS CloudTrail
14 46 (11.83%) Amazon Glacier
15 43 (11.05%) Datadog
16 33 (8.48%) GitHub
17 24 (6.17%) Amazon EKS
18 22 (5.66%) Amazon Kinesis
19 20 (5.14%) Microsoft Azure
20 19 (4.88%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 70 (17.99%) VPN
2 43 (11.05%) Firewall
3 33 (8.48%) HTTP
4 30 (7.71%) DNS
5 16 (4.11%) Network Security
6 15 (3.86%) TCP/IP
7 12 (3.08%) Internet
7 12 (3.08%) MPLS
8 11 (2.83%) WAN
9 10 (2.57%) DHCP
9 10 (2.57%) IPsec
10 9 (2.31%) SSL
11 8 (2.06%) BGP
11 8 (2.06%) DMZ
11 8 (2.06%) Intrusion Detection
11 8 (2.06%) OSPF
12 4 (1.03%) Cisco Nexus
12 4 (1.03%) SAN
13 3 (0.77%) tcpdump
14 2 (0.51%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 155 (39.85%) Amazon RDS
2 39 (10.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 39 (10.03%) MySQL
3 33 (8.48%) MongoDB
4 29 (7.46%) Big Data
5 27 (6.94%) Apache Cassandra
6 24 (6.17%) Relational Database
7 20 (5.14%) PostgreSQL
8 15 (3.86%) SQL Server
9 11 (2.83%) Hadoop
10 9 (2.31%) Apache Hive
11 8 (2.06%) Redis
12 7 (1.80%) NoSQL
13 4 (1.03%) Amazon Redshift
13 4 (1.03%) Data Lake
13 4 (1.03%) HBase
14 3 (0.77%) Electronic Patient Records
14 3 (0.77%) Parquet
15 2 (0.51%) Amazon Athena
15 2 (0.51%) Presto
Development Applications
1 192 (49.36%) Jenkins
2 142 (36.50%) Git (software)
3 82 (21.08%) JIRA
4 45 (11.57%) Sonatype Nexus
5 37 (9.51%) GitLab
6 36 (9.25%) SonarQube
7 13 (3.34%) Bitbucket
8 12 (3.08%) Maven
8 12 (3.08%) Subversion
9 11 (2.83%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 8 (2.06%) Vagrant
11 7 (1.80%) FishEye
12 6 (1.54%) Artifactory
13 4 (1.03%) CircleCI
13 4 (1.03%) Cucumber
13 4 (1.03%) Hudson
13 4 (1.03%) Selenium
14 3 (0.77%) Bitbucket Server
14 3 (0.77%) Gatling
14 3 (0.77%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 70 (17.99%) Finance
2 9 (2.31%) Retail
2 9 (2.31%) Telecoms
3 8 (2.06%) Billing
3 8 (2.06%) Games
4 6 (1.54%) Manufacturing
5 5 (1.29%) Electronics
5 5 (1.29%) Marketing
6 4 (1.03%) Banking
6 4 (1.03%) Pharmaceutical
7 3 (0.77%) Law
8 2 (0.51%) Publishing
9 1 (0.26%) Automotive
9 1 (0.26%) Legal
Job Titles
1 152 (39.07%) DevOps Engineer
2 121 (31.11%) AWS Engineer
3 77 (19.79%) AWS DevOps
4 66 (16.97%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 59 (15.17%) Developer
6 57 (14.65%) Architect
7 43 (11.05%) Cloud Engineer
8 36 (9.25%) Network Engineer
9 33 (8.48%) Java Developer
9 33 (8.48%) Senior DevOps
10 29 (7.46%) AWS Architect
11 28 (7.20%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 26 (6.68%) AWS Developer
13 21 (5.40%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 19 (4.88%) Cloud Architect
14 19 (4.88%) Security Engineer
15 18 (4.63%) DevOps Engineer - Fintech
16 16 (4.11%) Senior Developer
17 15 (3.86%) Infrastructure Architect
18 14 (3.60%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 56 (14.40%) Web Services
2 51 (13.11%) Node.js
3 39 (10.03%) Kafka
4 30 (7.71%) REST
5 29 (7.46%) JSON
6 26 (6.68%) Elastic Stack
7 24 (6.17%) JMS
8 23 (5.91%) SOAP
9 22 (5.66%) Apache NiFi
9 22 (5.66%) XML
10 12 (3.08%) LEMP Stack
10 12 (3.08%) OAuth
11 11 (2.83%) .NET
11 11 (2.83%) OAuth2
12 9 (2.31%) Express
12 9 (2.31%) RESTful
13 8 (2.06%) LDAP
13 8 (2.06%) ModSecurity
14 6 (1.54%) RabbitMQ
14 6 (1.54%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 29 (7.46%) Cloud Native
2 23 (5.91%) PKI
3 20 (5.14%) Data Centre
3 20 (5.14%) Linux Command Line
4 17 (4.37%) Analytical Skills
5 16 (4.11%) Data Structures
6 15 (3.86%) Public Cloud
7 13 (3.34%) Clustering
8 12 (3.08%) Analytical Mindset
9 8 (2.06%) Hybrid Cloud
10 5 (1.29%) Management Information System
10 5 (1.29%) Self-Motivation
10 5 (1.29%) Virtual Team
11 3 (0.77%) Enterprise Cloud
11 3 (0.77%) Enterprise Software
11 3 (0.77%) Greenfield Project
11 3 (0.77%) NHS
12 2 (0.51%) Blog
12 2 (0.51%) Replication
13 1 (0.26%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 236 (60.67%) Linux
2 88 (22.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 84 (21.59%) Windows
4 50 (12.85%) Unix
5 45 (11.57%) CentOS
6 27 (6.94%) Windows Server
7 11 (2.83%) Ubuntu
8 10 (2.57%) Debian
9 7 (1.80%) Windows Server 2012
10 5 (1.29%) CoreOS
10 5 (1.29%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (0.77%) Amazon Linux
11 3 (0.77%) Fedora
12 2 (0.51%) Solaris
13 1 (0.26%) AIX
13 1 (0.26%) Android
13 1 (0.26%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 251 (64.52%) DevOps
2 174 (44.73%) Agile Software Development
3 106 (27.25%) Configuration Management
4 84 (21.59%) Continuous Integration
5 70 (17.99%) Microservices
6 69 (17.74%) Migration
7 51 (13.11%) Continuous Delivery
8 46 (11.83%) TDD
9 41 (10.54%) Scrum
10 40 (10.28%) Infrastructure as Code
11 32 (8.23%) Data Encryption
12 30 (7.71%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 29 (7.46%) Network Monitoring
13 29 (7.46%) Security Operations
13 29 (7.46%) Test Automation
14 27 (6.94%) Problem-Solving
15 26 (6.68%) Data Modelling
15 26 (6.68%) Fintech
16 25 (6.43%) Load Balancing
17 24 (6.17%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 205 (52.70%) Python
2 106 (27.25%) Java
3 101 (25.96%) Bash Shell
4 40 (10.28%) PowerShell
5 36 (9.25%) Shell Script
6 28 (7.20%) Ruby
7 26 (6.68%) JavaScript
8 24 (6.17%) SQL
9 23 (5.91%) Java 8
10 11 (2.83%) ES6
10 11 (2.83%) Go
10 11 (2.83%) Perl
10 11 (2.83%) PHP
11 8 (2.06%) TypeScript
12 7 (1.80%) Groovy
13 6 (1.54%) C#
13 6 (1.54%) Scala
14 4 (1.03%) C
14 4 (1.03%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
15 3 (0.77%) Korn
Qualifications
1 91 (23.39%) Security Cleared
2 78 (20.05%) SC Cleared
3 51 (13.11%) AWS Certification
4 39 (10.03%) RHCE
5 12 (3.08%) CTC Cleared
6 10 (2.57%) Degree
7 8 (2.06%) Cisco Certification
8 5 (1.29%) CCNP
9 4 (1.03%) Computer Science Degree
10 3 (0.77%) CCIE
11 2 (0.51%) BC Cleared
11 2 (0.51%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 2 (0.51%) TOGAF Certification
12 1 (0.26%) BPSS Clearance
12 1 (0.26%) CCNA
12 1 (0.26%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (5.40%) Data Quality
2 12 (3.08%) QA
3 4 (1.03%) GDPR
3 4 (1.03%) SLA
4 1 (0.26%) COBIT
4 1 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 157 (40.36%) Docker
2 36 (9.25%) Active Directory
3 16 (4.11%) Squid
4 8 (2.06%) Snort
4 8 (2.06%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (1.54%) LXC
6 5 (1.29%) HDFS
6 5 (1.29%) Hyper-V
7 4 (1.03%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (1.03%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.51%) vSphere
9 1 (0.26%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.26%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 186 (47.81%) Ansible
2 159 (40.87%) Terraform
3 131 (33.68%) Puppet
4 124 (31.88%) Opscode Chef
5 123 (31.62%) Kubernetes
6 40 (10.28%) Packer
7 26 (6.68%) Prometheus
8 23 (5.91%) Grafana
9 19 (4.88%) HAProxy
10 17 (4.37%) Rancher
11 16 (4.11%) SCCM
12 11 (2.83%) Salt
13 10 (2.57%) Consul
13 10 (2.57%) Docker Swarm
14 9 (2.31%) FortiGate
14 9 (2.31%) Nagios
15 8 (2.06%) Kibana
15 8 (2.06%) ZABBIX
16 6 (1.54%) Istio
16 6 (1.54%) Mesos
Vendors
1 58 (14.91%) Splunk
2 51 (13.11%) Red Hat
3 46 (11.83%) Atlassian
4 38 (9.77%) Oracle
5 16 (4.11%) Microsoft
6 15 (3.86%) Citrix
7 13 (3.34%) Dynatrace
8 12 (3.08%) Google
9 11 (2.83%) Black Duck
9 11 (2.83%) Qualys
9 11 (2.83%) VMware
10 10 (2.57%) Cisco
10 10 (2.57%) New Relic
11 9 (2.31%) Palo Alto
12 7 (1.80%) AppDynamics
13 6 (1.54%) Salesforce.com
13 6 (1.54%) SAP
14 5 (1.29%) Mercator
14 5 (1.29%) Ping Identity
14 5 (1.29%) Rackspace