Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 455 660 772
Rank change year-on-year +205 +112 +57
Contract jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud 510 228 120
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.49% 0.22% 0.11%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.13% 1.36% 0.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 405 178 86
UK median daily rate £525 £538 £486
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.33% +10.54% +14.41%
10th Percentile £400 £423 £338
90th Percentile £638 £638 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £450
% change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11% +18.42%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
UK median hourly rate £109.50 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Virtual Private Cloud is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 23,979 16,704 12,433
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.98% 16.21% 11.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,577 11,575 8,545
UK median daily rate £485 £470 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.19% +4.44% +5.88%
10th Percentile £303 £270 £275
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 329 226 184
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £19.31 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.39% +7.29% -17.51%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.13 £11.69
90th Percentile £58.00 £58.75 £56.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £17.03
% change year-on-year -2.78% +5.70% -25.96%

Virtual Private Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Private Cloud as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +207 488 £525 -4.55% 54
London +117 314 £550 - 29
UK excluding London +117 190 £475 -5.00% 29
North of England +81 103 £525 +7.69% 6
Yorkshire +49 63 £550 - 4
North West +18 39 £465 -4.62% 2
Midlands +15 37 £488 -2.50% 10
East Midlands +37 26 £500 +5.26% 2
Scotland 0 17 £425 -10.53% 4
South East -7 14 £440 -16.19% 3
South West -15 14 £475 +13.10% 3
West Midlands -28 11 £360 -28.00% 8
East of England +14 5 £584 +6.14% 3
North East - 5 £500 -

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud.

1 498 (97.65%) Amazon AWS
2 415 (81.37%) Amazon EC2
3 330 (64.71%) Amazon S3
4 274 (53.73%) DevOps
5 245 (48.04%) Ansible
6 241 (47.25%) Jenkins
7 238 (46.67%) Python
8 212 (41.57%) Linux
9 197 (38.63%) Terraform
10 188 (36.86%) Amazon RDS
11 169 (33.14%) Puppet
12 165 (32.35%) Opscode Chef
13 160 (31.37%) Serverless
14 157 (30.78%) Docker
15 155 (30.39%) Agile Software Development
16 142 (27.84%) AWS CloudFormation
17 135 (26.47%) AWS Lambda
18 125 (24.51%) SQL
19 124 (24.31%) Route 53
20 123 (24.12%) Web Services
21 121 (23.73%) Amazon ELB
22 118 (23.14%) Bash Shell
23 116 (22.75%) PowerShell
24 115 (22.55%) Kubernetes
25 111 (21.76%) Windows
26 101 (19.80%) Unix
26 101 (19.80%) Java
27 91 (17.84%) Build Automation
28 90 (17.65%) ETL
29 87 (17.06%) Splunk

Virtual Private Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (10.59%) Confluence
2 44 (8.63%) IIS
3 24 (4.71%) Elasticsearch
4 19 (3.73%) Tomcat
5 17 (3.33%) Apache
6 16 (3.14%) nginx
7 4 (0.78%) SAS
7 4 (0.78%) Skype for Business
8 3 (0.59%) Apache Spark
8 3 (0.59%) JBoss
8 3 (0.59%) MS Exchange
8 3 (0.59%) OpenStack
8 3 (0.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 3 (0.59%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.39%) Apache Pig
9 2 (0.39%) Jupyter
10 1 (0.20%) Apache Airflow
10 1 (0.20%) Drupal
10 1 (0.20%) Gunicorn
10 1 (0.20%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 51 (10.00%) MS Visio
2 50 (9.80%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.20%) Stata
Business Applications
1 1 (0.20%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 498 (97.65%) Amazon AWS
2 415 (81.37%) Amazon EC2
3 330 (64.71%) Amazon S3
4 160 (31.37%) Serverless
5 142 (27.84%) AWS CloudFormation
6 135 (26.47%) AWS Lambda
7 124 (24.31%) Route 53
8 121 (23.73%) Amazon ELB
9 80 (15.69%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 43 (8.43%) Amazon EMR
11 39 (7.65%) Amazon SQS
12 38 (7.45%) Amazon Glacier
13 35 (6.86%) CloudFront
14 33 (6.47%) Microsoft Azure
15 32 (6.27%) AWS CloudTrail
16 30 (5.88%) OpenShift
17 27 (5.29%) Google Cloud Platform
18 25 (4.90%) IaaS
19 23 (4.51%) GitHub
20 19 (3.73%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 76 (14.90%) Firewall
2 65 (12.75%) VPN
3 55 (10.78%) DNS
4 49 (9.61%) HTTP
5 37 (7.25%) TCP/IP
6 17 (3.33%) LAN
6 17 (3.33%) WAN
7 16 (3.14%) BGP
8 15 (2.94%) Network Security
8 15 (2.94%) OSPF
9 12 (2.35%) ICMP
9 12 (2.35%) OpenLDAP
10 11 (2.16%) MPLS
10 11 (2.16%) OpenVPN
10 11 (2.16%) SSH
10 11 (2.16%) WLAN
11 10 (1.96%) SSL
12 8 (1.57%) Intrusion Detection
13 7 (1.37%) DHCP
14 6 (1.18%) EIGRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 188 (36.86%) Amazon RDS
2 76 (14.90%) SQL Server
3 70 (13.73%) MySQL
4 52 (10.20%) Big Data
5 49 (9.61%) Hadoop
6 48 (9.41%) Amazon Redshift
7 46 (9.02%) Amazon Aurora
7 46 (9.02%) MongoDB
8 44 (8.63%) Apache Hive
9 42 (8.24%) Impala
9 42 (8.24%) NoSQL
9 42 (8.24%) Sqoop
10 38 (7.45%) Apache Cassandra
11 37 (7.25%) Relational Database
12 34 (6.67%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 34 (6.67%) PostgreSQL
13 14 (2.75%) Redis
14 6 (1.18%) Data Mining
15 5 (0.98%) HBase
15 5 (0.98%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 241 (47.25%) Jenkins
2 66 (12.94%) Git (software)
3 63 (12.35%) JIRA
4 58 (11.37%) GitLab
5 43 (8.43%) SonarQube
6 22 (4.31%) Maven
7 20 (3.92%) Bitbucket
8 16 (3.14%) Octopus Deploy
9 15 (2.94%) Sonatype Nexus
10 12 (2.35%) Ant
11 11 (2.16%) JUnit
12 9 (1.76%) Liquibase
12 9 (1.76%) Subversion
13 8 (1.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 7 (1.37%) Team Foundation Server
15 4 (0.78%) Cucumber
15 4 (0.78%) FishEye
15 4 (0.78%) Gradle
15 4 (0.78%) Hudson
15 4 (0.78%) Mockito
General
1 61 (11.96%) Finance
2 9 (1.76%) Retail
3 7 (1.37%) Financial Institution
4 6 (1.18%) Banking
5 5 (0.98%) Publishing
6 3 (0.59%) Marketing
7 2 (0.39%) Electronics
7 2 (0.39%) Legal
7 2 (0.39%) Manufacturing
7 2 (0.39%) Music Industry
7 2 (0.39%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.20%) Billing
8 1 (0.20%) Games
8 1 (0.20%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 193 (37.84%) DevOps Engineer
2 185 (36.27%) AWS Engineer
3 141 (27.65%) AWS DevOps
4 131 (25.69%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 64 (12.55%) Cloud Engineer
6 62 (12.16%) Operations Engineer
7 54 (10.59%) Platform Engineer
8 52 (10.20%) Architect
9 35 (6.86%) AWS Architect
10 30 (5.88%) Developer
11 29 (5.69%) Consultant
12 26 (5.10%) Administrator
13 25 (4.90%) Cloud Architect
14 23 (4.51%) AWS Consultant
15 21 (4.12%) Systems Administrator
16 19 (3.73%) AWS Developer
16 19 (3.73%) Network Engineer
17 16 (3.14%) Data Engineer
18 14 (2.75%) Linux Administrator
18 14 (2.75%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 123 (24.12%) Web Services
2 52 (10.20%) Elastic Stack
3 46 (9.02%) .NET
4 35 (6.86%) Node.js
5 18 (3.53%) JSON
6 14 (2.75%) REST
7 10 (1.96%) ActiveMQ
7 10 (1.96%) RabbitMQ
7 10 (1.96%) SAML
7 10 (1.96%) Spring
8 8 (1.57%) MCollective
9 7 (1.37%) Kafka
9 7 (1.37%) LEMP Stack
9 7 (1.37%) Memcached
9 7 (1.37%) PHP-FPM
10 6 (1.18%) 802.1X
10 6 (1.18%) Express
10 6 (1.18%) J2EE
10 6 (1.18%) LAMP
11 5 (0.98%) HTML
Miscellaneous
1 50 (9.80%) Wiki
2 44 (8.63%) Analytical Skills
3 33 (6.47%) Computer Science
4 29 (5.69%) Greenfield Project
5 28 (5.49%) Public Cloud
6 27 (5.29%) Cloud Native
7 24 (4.71%) Data Centre
8 14 (2.75%) Management Information System
9 12 (2.35%) Fintech
10 11 (2.16%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 11 (2.16%) Linux Command Line
11 9 (1.76%) Hybrid Cloud
12 8 (1.57%) Blog
13 5 (0.98%) Hedge funds
14 4 (0.78%) Enterprise Cloud
14 4 (0.78%) Freedom of Information
14 4 (0.78%) Freedom of Information Act
14 4 (0.78%) Self-Motivation
15 2 (0.39%) Analytical Mindset
15 2 (0.39%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 212 (41.57%) Linux
2 111 (21.76%) Windows
3 101 (19.80%) Unix
4 75 (14.71%) CentOS
4 75 (14.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 19 (3.73%) Windows Server
6 12 (2.35%) Windows Server 2012
7 9 (1.76%) Solaris
8 7 (1.37%) Ubuntu
9 6 (1.18%) VMS
10 4 (0.78%) CoreOS
11 2 (0.39%) Fedora
11 2 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 274 (53.73%) DevOps
2 155 (30.39%) Agile Software Development
3 91 (17.84%) Build Automation
4 90 (17.65%) ETL
5 87 (17.06%) Continuous Integration
6 86 (16.86%) Test Automation
7 75 (14.71%) Configuration Management
8 68 (13.33%) Open Source
9 63 (12.35%) Auto-Scaling
9 63 (12.35%) Scrum
10 61 (11.96%) Migration
11 53 (10.39%) Microservices
12 50 (9.80%) Data Analysis
12 50 (9.80%) Data Extraction
13 47 (9.22%) Analytics
14 39 (7.65%) Load Balancing
15 38 (7.45%) Infrastructure Monitoring
16 33 (6.47%) Data Analytics
17 27 (5.29%) TDD
18 26 (5.10%) Vulnerability Management
Programming Languages
1 238 (46.67%) Python
2 125 (24.51%) SQL
3 118 (23.14%) Bash Shell
4 116 (22.75%) PowerShell
5 101 (19.80%) Java
6 55 (10.78%) Shell Script
7 50 (9.80%) Korn
8 42 (8.24%) Ruby
9 30 (5.88%) JavaScript
10 14 (2.75%) Groovy
11 8 (1.57%) Java 8
11 8 (1.57%) PHP
11 8 (1.57%) TypeScript
12 7 (1.37%) Go
12 7 (1.37%) Perl
13 6 (1.18%) ES6
14 4 (0.78%) C
14 4 (0.78%) Scala
15 3 (0.59%) C#
15 3 (0.59%) C++
Qualifications
1 44 (8.63%) Security Cleared
2 39 (7.65%) SC Cleared
3 34 (6.67%) Degree
4 31 (6.08%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (3.73%) AWS Certification
6 14 (2.75%) Cisco Certification
7 12 (2.35%) CCIE
8 11 (2.16%) CSSLP
8 11 (2.16%) ISSMP
9 10 (1.96%) CISA
9 10 (1.96%) CISM
9 10 (1.96%) CISSP
9 10 (1.96%) ISSAP
10 5 (0.98%) VCAP
10 5 (0.98%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 4 (0.78%) CCA
11 4 (0.78%) CCEA
11 4 (0.78%) Citrix Certification
11 4 (0.78%) MCITP
11 4 (0.78%) VCP4
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.16%) FedRAMP
1 11 (2.16%) HIPAA
1 11 (2.16%) PCI DSS
2 7 (1.37%) QA
3 3 (0.59%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.39%) PMO
4 2 (0.39%) SLA
System Software
1 157 (30.78%) Docker
2 42 (8.24%) HDFS
3 25 (4.90%) Active Directory
4 21 (4.12%) VMware Infrastructure
5 13 (2.55%) Hyper-V
6 12 (2.35%) Squid
6 12 (2.35%) Virtual Machines
7 8 (1.57%) Postfix
7 8 (1.57%) vCloud
8 3 (0.59%) Xen
8 3 (0.59%) XenApp
9 2 (0.39%) Btrfs
9 2 (0.39%) Firmware
10 1 (0.20%) EMC RecoverPoint
10 1 (0.20%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.20%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 245 (48.04%) Ansible
2 197 (38.63%) Terraform
3 169 (33.14%) Puppet
4 165 (32.35%) Opscode Chef
5 115 (22.55%) Kubernetes
6 81 (15.88%) Packer
7 44 (8.63%) Grafana
8 42 (8.24%) Hadoop YARN
8 42 (8.24%) Prometheus
8 42 (8.24%) Rancher
9 24 (4.71%) Mesos
10 20 (3.92%) ZABBIX
11 15 (2.94%) Docker Swarm
11 15 (2.94%) Sysdig
12 14 (2.75%) HAProxy
13 12 (2.35%) Nagios
14 11 (2.16%) Istio
15 10 (1.96%) Kibana
16 9 (1.76%) logstash
17 8 (1.57%) Rsyslog
Vendors
1 87 (17.06%) Splunk
2 73 (14.31%) Oracle
3 42 (8.24%) Cloudera
4 34 (6.67%) Black Duck
5 29 (5.69%) VMware
6 25 (4.90%) Microsoft
7 21 (4.12%) Atlassian
8 18 (3.53%) Google
9 11 (2.16%) CyberArk
9 11 (2.16%) Red Hat
10 9 (1.76%) Cisco
10 9 (1.76%) Meraki
11 8 (1.57%) F5
11 8 (1.57%) Sonatype
12 7 (1.37%) Solace
13 6 (1.18%) Fortinet
13 6 (1.18%) SolarWinds
13 6 (1.18%) Symantec
14 5 (0.98%) AlienVault
14 5 (0.98%) PlateSpin