Period
to 19 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 19 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
UK
6 months to
19 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 438 607 712
Rank change year-on-year +169 +105 +83
Contract jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud 497 266 153
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.50% 0.27% 0.16%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.08% 1.50% 1.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 382 206 112
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.00% +14.29%
10th Percentile £389 £425 £360
90th Percentile £675 £650 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £425
% change year-on-year -5.00% +17.65% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 0
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Virtual Private Cloud is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 23,916 17,682 12,162
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 24.22% 17.64% 12.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,494 12,284 8,340
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £306 £285 £281
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 315 229 166
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £18.63 £18.65
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.04% -0.12% -13.83%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.00 £11.38
90th Percentile £56.50 £54.55 £57.18
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.28
% change year-on-year - +1.27% -27.24%

Virtual Private Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Private Cloud as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 19 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 19 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 19 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +155 474 £550 - 60
London +94 306 £550 - 42
UK excluding London +93 183 £475 -5.00% 20
North of England +67 90 £525 +21.39% 4
Yorkshire - 59 £550 - 1
Midlands +7 40 £488 -11.36% 3
East Midlands +34 31 £488 +2.63%
North West +17 29 £450 +4.05% 3
Scotland +12 16 £425 -10.53% 2
South West -18 15 £470 -1.05% 4
South East -13 13 £445 -1.11% 6
East of England +4 9 £579 +5.23% 1
West Midlands -13 9 £360 -34.55% 3
North East - 6 £500 -

For the 6 months to 19 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud.

1 488 (98.19%) Amazon AWS
2 363 (73.04%) Amazon EC2
3 318 (63.98%) DevOps
4 297 (59.76%) Amazon S3
5 262 (52.72%) Jenkins
6 245 (49.30%) Ansible
7 210 (42.25%) Linux
7 210 (42.25%) Python
8 184 (37.02%) Puppet
9 170 (34.21%) Opscode Chef
10 166 (33.40%) Terraform
11 163 (32.80%) Docker
12 160 (32.19%) Amazon RDS
13 152 (30.58%) Serverless
14 147 (29.58%) Agile Software Development
15 132 (26.56%) AWS CloudFormation
16 130 (26.16%) Amazon ELB
17 129 (25.96%) Route 53
18 128 (25.75%) AWS Lambda
19 119 (23.94%) Web Services
20 113 (22.74%) Splunk
21 108 (21.73%) Kubernetes
22 105 (21.13%) Git (software)
23 102 (20.52%) VPN
24 99 (19.92%) PowerShell
24 99 (19.92%) Bash Shell
25 96 (19.32%) SQL
26 91 (18.31%) Windows
26 91 (18.31%) Test Automation
26 91 (18.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Virtual Private Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (11.47%) Confluence
2 45 (9.05%) IIS
3 17 (3.42%) nginx
4 14 (2.82%) Apache
5 12 (2.41%) Elasticsearch
6 11 (2.21%) Tomcat
7 4 (0.80%) OpenStack
8 3 (0.60%) MS Exchange
8 3 (0.60%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.40%) Jupyter
9 2 (0.40%) Skype for Business
10 1 (0.20%) Apache Pig
10 1 (0.20%) Apache Spark
10 1 (0.20%) CMS
10 1 (0.20%) Drupal
10 1 (0.20%) Mule
10 1 (0.20%) SharePoint 2013
10 1 (0.20%) WordPress
Applications
1 37 (7.44%) Microsoft Excel
1 37 (7.44%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.80%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 1 (0.20%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 488 (98.19%) Amazon AWS
2 363 (73.04%) Amazon EC2
3 297 (59.76%) Amazon S3
4 152 (30.58%) Serverless
5 132 (26.56%) AWS CloudFormation
6 130 (26.16%) Amazon ELB
7 129 (25.96%) Route 53
8 128 (25.75%) AWS Lambda
9 79 (15.90%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 47 (9.46%) Amazon SQS
11 43 (8.65%) AWS CloudTrail
12 38 (7.65%) Google Cloud Platform
13 37 (7.44%) Datadog
14 36 (7.24%) CloudFront
15 31 (6.24%) Amazon EMR
16 30 (6.04%) Microsoft Azure
17 29 (5.84%) Amazon Glacier
18 28 (5.63%) OpenShift
19 20 (4.02%) Amazon Kinesis
20 19 (3.82%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 102 (20.52%) VPN
2 84 (16.90%) Firewall
3 66 (13.28%) DNS
4 51 (10.26%) HTTP
5 44 (8.85%) Network Security
5 44 (8.85%) TCP/IP
6 42 (8.45%) Cisco Nexus
7 20 (4.02%) BGP
7 20 (4.02%) LAN
7 20 (4.02%) OSPF
7 20 (4.02%) WAN
8 16 (3.22%) WLAN
9 15 (3.02%) MPLS
10 14 (2.82%) ICMP
11 11 (2.21%) SSL
12 8 (1.61%) DHCP
12 8 (1.61%) OpenVPN
13 7 (1.41%) SSH
14 6 (1.21%) Cisco ASA
14 6 (1.21%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 160 (32.19%) Amazon RDS
2 85 (17.10%) MySQL
3 56 (11.27%) SQL Server
4 53 (10.66%) MongoDB
5 51 (10.26%) Amazon Redshift
6 44 (8.85%) Amazon Aurora
7 43 (8.65%) Apache Cassandra
8 39 (7.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 38 (7.65%) Big Data
9 38 (7.65%) Hadoop
10 30 (6.04%) NoSQL
11 29 (5.84%) Apache Hive
12 28 (5.63%) Impala
12 28 (5.63%) Sqoop
13 24 (4.83%) PostgreSQL
13 24 (4.83%) Relational Database
14 18 (3.62%) Redis
15 5 (1.01%) Amazon Athena
15 5 (1.01%) Oracle Database
15 5 (1.01%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 262 (52.72%) Jenkins
2 105 (21.13%) Git (software)
3 66 (13.28%) JIRA
4 64 (12.88%) GitLab
5 46 (9.26%) Sonatype Nexus
6 45 (9.05%) SonarQube
7 19 (3.82%) Bitbucket
8 18 (3.62%) Octopus Deploy
9 17 (3.42%) Maven
10 9 (1.81%) Ant
11 8 (1.61%) JUnit
11 8 (1.61%) Subversion
12 7 (1.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 6 (1.21%) Team Foundation Server
14 5 (1.01%) Gradle
14 5 (1.01%) Liquibase
15 4 (0.80%) Artifactory
15 4 (0.80%) Cucumber
15 4 (0.80%) Hudson
15 4 (0.80%) Mockito
General
1 64 (12.88%) Finance
2 11 (2.21%) Retail
3 7 (1.41%) Banking
3 7 (1.41%) Publishing
4 6 (1.21%) Financial Institution
5 5 (1.01%) Electronics
5 5 (1.01%) Manufacturing
5 5 (1.01%) Marketing
5 5 (1.01%) Telecoms
6 4 (0.80%) Billing
7 2 (0.40%) Legal
8 1 (0.20%) Music Industry
8 1 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
8 1 (0.20%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 208 (41.85%) DevOps Engineer
2 175 (35.21%) AWS Engineer
3 143 (28.77%) AWS DevOps
4 132 (26.56%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 60 (12.07%) Operations Engineer
6 50 (10.06%) Cloud Engineer
7 46 (9.26%) Architect
8 38 (7.65%) Platform Engineer
9 35 (7.04%) Developer
9 35 (7.04%) Senior DevOps
10 33 (6.64%) AWS Architect
11 29 (5.84%) Network Engineer
12 26 (5.23%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 25 (5.03%) Administrator
13 25 (5.03%) Cloud Architect
14 24 (4.83%) Consultant
15 22 (4.43%) AWS Developer
16 20 (4.02%) AWS Consultant
17 19 (3.82%) Systems Administrator
18 18 (3.62%) Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 119 (23.94%) Web Services
2 57 (11.47%) Elastic Stack
3 45 (9.05%) .NET
4 38 (7.65%) Node.js
5 15 (3.02%) JSON
5 15 (3.02%) REST
6 12 (2.41%) Express
7 11 (2.21%) LEMP Stack
7 11 (2.21%) Memcached
7 11 (2.21%) PHP-FPM
8 10 (2.01%) Spring
9 8 (1.61%) SAML
10 7 (1.41%) HTML
10 7 (1.41%) LAMP
11 6 (1.21%) Kafka
11 6 (1.21%) OpenID
12 5 (1.01%) OAuth
12 5 (1.01%) RabbitMQ
12 5 (1.01%) RESTful
12 5 (1.01%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 37 (7.44%) Wiki
2 33 (6.64%) Public Cloud
3 29 (5.84%) Analytical Skills
4 28 (5.63%) Greenfield Project
5 27 (5.43%) Cloud Native
6 24 (4.83%) Data Centre
7 15 (3.02%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 15 (3.02%) Linux Command Line
8 12 (2.41%) Blog
9 10 (2.01%) Fintech
9 10 (2.01%) Hybrid Cloud
10 9 (1.81%) Enterprise Cloud
10 9 (1.81%) Management Information System
11 6 (1.21%) Self-Motivation
12 2 (0.40%) Hedge funds
12 2 (0.40%) Mobile App
12 2 (0.40%) PMI
13 1 (0.20%) Analytical Mindset
13 1 (0.20%) Tandem
13 1 (0.20%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 210 (42.25%) Linux
2 91 (18.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
2 91 (18.31%) Windows
3 78 (15.69%) Unix
4 68 (13.68%) CentOS
5 12 (2.41%) Windows Server
6 9 (1.81%) Windows Server 2012
7 5 (1.01%) Solaris
7 5 (1.01%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.80%) CoreOS
9 2 (0.40%) Fedora
9 2 (0.40%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.40%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.20%) Android
10 1 (0.20%) SUSE
10 1 (0.20%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 318 (63.98%) DevOps
2 147 (29.58%) Agile Software Development
3 91 (18.31%) Test Automation
4 79 (15.90%) Continuous Integration
5 75 (15.09%) Build Automation
6 65 (13.08%) Configuration Management
7 64 (12.88%) ETL
7 64 (12.88%) Migration
8 61 (12.27%) Open Source
9 60 (12.07%) Auto-Scaling
10 59 (11.87%) Microservices
11 54 (10.87%) ITIL
11 54 (10.87%) Scrum
12 45 (9.05%) Infrastructure Monitoring
12 45 (9.05%) Load Balancing
13 37 (7.44%) Data Analysis
13 37 (7.44%) Data Extraction
13 37 (7.44%) Vulnerability Management
14 34 (6.84%) Computer Science
15 31 (6.24%) Network Architecture
Programming Languages
1 210 (42.25%) Python
2 99 (19.92%) Bash Shell
2 99 (19.92%) PowerShell
3 96 (19.32%) SQL
4 90 (18.11%) Java
5 47 (9.46%) Ruby
6 42 (8.45%) Shell Script
7 37 (7.44%) Korn
8 36 (7.24%) JavaScript
9 14 (2.82%) PHP
9 14 (2.82%) TypeScript
10 12 (2.41%) ES6
11 11 (2.21%) Perl
12 8 (1.61%) Go
12 8 (1.61%) Groovy
13 5 (1.01%) C
13 5 (1.01%) Java 8
14 2 (0.40%) C#
14 2 (0.40%) C++
14 2 (0.40%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 58 (11.67%) Security Cleared
2 53 (10.66%) Cisco Certification
3 50 (10.06%) SC Cleared
4 38 (7.65%) CCNP
5 35 (7.04%) Degree
6 34 (6.84%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 33 (6.64%) RHCE
8 32 (6.44%) Computer Science Degree
9 20 (4.02%) AWS Certification
10 15 (3.02%) CCIE
10 15 (3.02%) CSSLP
10 15 (3.02%) ISSMP
11 14 (2.82%) CISA
11 14 (2.82%) CISM
11 14 (2.82%) CISSP
11 14 (2.82%) ISSAP
12 5 (1.01%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.80%) CCA
13 4 (0.80%) Citrix Certification
13 4 (0.80%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (3.42%) HIPAA
1 17 (3.42%) PCI DSS
2 15 (3.02%) FedRAMP
3 5 (1.01%) QA
4 2 (0.40%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.40%) PMO
4 2 (0.40%) SLA
System Software
1 163 (32.80%) Docker
2 28 (5.63%) HDFS
3 17 (3.42%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (3.02%) Active Directory
5 11 (2.21%) Hyper-V
6 10 (2.01%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (1.81%) Squid
8 5 (1.01%) Postfix
8 5 (1.01%) vCloud
9 3 (0.60%) Xen
9 3 (0.60%) XenApp
10 2 (0.40%) Btrfs
10 2 (0.40%) Firmware
11 1 (0.20%) Terminal Server
11 1 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 245 (49.30%) Ansible
2 184 (37.02%) Puppet
3 170 (34.21%) Opscode Chef
4 166 (33.40%) Terraform
5 108 (21.73%) Kubernetes
6 83 (16.70%) Packer
7 50 (10.06%) Grafana
8 49 (9.86%) Prometheus
9 46 (9.26%) Rancher
10 28 (5.63%) Hadoop YARN
11 25 (5.03%) Mesos
12 18 (3.62%) HAProxy
13 15 (3.02%) Istio
14 13 (2.62%) Docker Swarm
15 12 (2.41%) Nagios
16 11 (2.21%) Icinga
16 11 (2.21%) ZABBIX
17 9 (1.81%) Salt
17 9 (1.81%) Sysdig
18 7 (1.41%) Kibana
Vendors
1 113 (22.74%) Splunk
2 69 (13.88%) Oracle
3 50 (10.06%) Red Hat
4 47 (9.46%) Cisco
5 39 (7.85%) Black Duck
6 36 (7.24%) Qualys
7 28 (5.63%) Cloudera
7 28 (5.63%) Google
8 26 (5.23%) Microsoft
9 22 (4.43%) VMware
10 21 (4.23%) Atlassian
11 16 (3.22%) CyberArk
12 9 (1.81%) F5
13 7 (1.41%) SolarWinds
14 6 (1.21%) SAP
15 5 (1.01%) Fortinet
15 5 (1.01%) Meraki
15 5 (1.01%) PlateSpin
15 5 (1.01%) Solace
15 5 (1.01%) Symantec