Period
to 23 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 551 474 681
Rank change year-on-year -77 +207 +115
Contract jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud 253 486 209
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.30% 0.47% 0.21%
As % of the Cloud Services category 1.03% 2.02% 1.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 183 383 161
UK median daily rate £575 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.52% - +10.53%
10th Percentile £408 £413 £413
90th Percentile £723 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £498 £481 £506
% change year-on-year +3.38% -4.94% +12.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
UK median hourly rate - £109.50 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Virtual Private Cloud is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,507 24,106 16,207
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.94% 23.30% 16.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,798 16,643 11,199
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £291 £303 £275
90th Percentile £656 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 413 338 231
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £17.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.86% -12.50% +11.11%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.25 £11.00
90th Percentile £73.75 £58.25 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.76 £17.50 £18.50
% change year-on-year +24.34% -5.41% +8.82%

Virtual Private Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Private Cloud as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -95 242 £575 +9.52% 75
UK excluding London +23 134 £498 +3.38% 40
London -89 118 £608 +10.45% 38
North of England -15 56 £495 -5.71% 16
North West +10 27 £488 +2.63% 7
South West +4 21 £481 +1.32% 2
South East +55 20 £545 +34.15% 5
Midlands +36 19 £325 -33.33% 9
North East +28 17 £495 -1.00% 4
West Midlands +34 13 £325 -9.72% 7
Yorkshire -19 12 £505 -3.81% 5
Scotland +32 10 £575 +24.32% 3
East of England +34 8 £613 +8.41% 5
East Midlands +12 6 £463 -6.33% 1

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud.

1 248 (98.02%) AWS
2 185 (73.12%) DevOps
3 180 (71.15%) Amazon EC2
4 158 (62.45%) Python
5 149 (58.89%) Amazon S3
6 138 (54.55%) Linux
7 136 (53.75%) Ansible
8 125 (49.41%) Docker
8 125 (49.41%) Terraform
9 118 (46.64%) Jenkins
10 114 (45.06%) Amazon RDS
11 99 (39.13%) Serverless
12 97 (38.34%) AWS Lambda
12 97 (38.34%) Puppet
13 93 (36.76%) Route 53
14 91 (35.97%) Agile Software Development
15 89 (35.18%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 88 (34.78%) Configuration Management
17 84 (33.20%) Bash Shell
18 82 (32.41%) Opscode Chef
19 78 (30.83%) AWS CloudFormation
20 73 (28.85%) Java
21 72 (28.46%) Git (software)
22 69 (27.27%) Amazon ECS
23 63 (24.90%) Kubernetes
24 59 (23.32%) Amazon ELB
24 59 (23.32%) JIRA
25 54 (21.34%) CloudFront
26 46 (18.18%) Continuous Integration
26 46 (18.18%) VPN

Virtual Private Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (15.02%) Confluence
2 26 (10.28%) Apache
2 26 (10.28%) nginx
3 14 (5.53%) Elasticsearch
4 10 (3.95%) Apache Spark
5 5 (1.98%) WebSphere
6 4 (1.58%) Cloud Foundry
7 3 (1.19%) IIS
7 3 (1.19%) OpenStack
7 3 (1.19%) WebLogic
8 2 (0.79%) Tomcat
9 1 (0.40%) SAS
9 1 (0.40%) WebSphere Application Server
Cloud Services
1 248 (98.02%) AWS
2 180 (71.15%) Amazon EC2
3 149 (58.89%) Amazon S3
4 99 (39.13%) Serverless
5 97 (38.34%) AWS Lambda
6 93 (36.76%) Route 53
7 89 (35.18%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 78 (30.83%) AWS CloudFormation
9 69 (27.27%) Amazon ECS
10 59 (23.32%) Amazon ELB
11 54 (21.34%) CloudFront
12 27 (10.67%) GitHub
13 22 (8.70%) Amazon SQS
13 22 (8.70%) Azure
13 22 (8.70%) Datadog
14 21 (8.30%) Amazon Glacier
15 20 (7.91%) AWS CloudTrail
16 17 (6.72%) Amazon EMR
17 16 (6.32%) Amazon EKS
18 14 (5.53%) GCP
Communications & Networking
1 46 (18.18%) VPN
2 29 (11.46%) Firewall
3 24 (9.49%) Internet
4 23 (9.09%) DNS
5 17 (6.72%) HTTP
6 15 (5.93%) TCP/IP
7 14 (5.53%) Network Security
8 10 (3.95%) WAN
9 7 (2.77%) BGP
10 5 (1.98%) DHCP
10 5 (1.98%) IPsec
10 5 (1.98%) SAN
10 5 (1.98%) SSL
10 5 (1.98%) VLAN
10 5 (1.98%) Wi-Fi
11 4 (1.58%) Cisco ASA
11 4 (1.58%) Cisco Nexus
11 4 (1.58%) NAS
11 4 (1.58%) OSPF
12 3 (1.19%) VRRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 114 (45.06%) Amazon RDS
2 26 (10.28%) MySQL
3 16 (6.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 16 (6.32%) MongoDB
4 14 (5.53%) Hadoop
5 12 (4.74%) Apache Cassandra
6 9 (3.56%) Apache Hive
7 7 (2.77%) Amazon Redshift
8 6 (2.37%) HBase
9 5 (1.98%) Amazon Aurora
9 5 (1.98%) SQL Server
10 4 (1.58%) Data Warehouse
10 4 (1.58%) Presto
10 4 (1.58%) Snowflake Schema
11 3 (1.19%) Big Data
11 3 (1.19%) Data Lake
11 3 (1.19%) Electronic Patient Records
11 3 (1.19%) PostgreSQL
11 3 (1.19%) Relational Database
12 2 (0.79%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 118 (46.64%) Jenkins
2 72 (28.46%) Git (software)
3 59 (23.32%) JIRA
4 20 (7.91%) GitLab
5 17 (6.72%) SonarQube
6 15 (5.93%) Sonatype Nexus
7 10 (3.95%) Bitbucket
8 8 (3.16%) CircleCI
8 8 (3.16%) Maven
9 7 (2.77%) Subversion
9 7 (2.77%) Vagrant
10 6 (2.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 6 (2.37%) Gradle
11 4 (1.58%) gulp
11 4 (1.58%) Travis CI
12 3 (1.19%) Cucumber
12 3 (1.19%) Selenium
13 2 (0.79%) Hudson
13 2 (0.79%) JMeter
13 2 (0.79%) WebDriver
General
1 45 (17.79%) Finance
2 15 (5.93%) Public Sector
3 13 (5.14%) Banking
4 8 (3.16%) Retail
5 5 (1.98%) Billing
6 4 (1.58%) Games
6 4 (1.58%) Telecoms
7 3 (1.19%) Automotive
8 2 (0.79%) Electronics
8 2 (0.79%) Manufacturing
8 2 (0.79%) Marketing
9 1 (0.40%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.40%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 113 (44.66%) DevOps Engineer
2 86 (33.99%) AWS Engineer
3 58 (22.92%) AWS DevOps
4 53 (20.95%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 44 (17.39%) Architect
6 28 (11.07%) Cloud Engineer
7 21 (8.30%) AWS Architect
8 18 (7.11%) Developer
9 16 (6.32%) Infrastructure Architect
10 15 (5.93%) DevOps Engineer - Fintech
10 15 (5.93%) Platform Engineer
11 13 (5.14%) Java Developer
12 12 (4.74%) Cloud Architect
12 12 (4.74%) Senior DevOps
12 12 (4.74%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 11 (4.35%) Security Engineer
14 9 (3.56%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 8 (3.16%) Analyst
15 8 (3.16%) Senior Developer
16 7 (2.77%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 41 (16.21%) Web Services
2 34 (13.44%) Node.js
3 19 (7.51%) LEMP Stack
4 14 (5.53%) JSON
4 14 (5.53%) Kafka
5 13 (5.14%) RabbitMQ
6 12 (4.74%) LAMP
7 10 (3.95%) Elastic Stack
8 6 (2.37%) OAuth
9 5 (1.98%) .NET
10 4 (1.58%) .NET Core
10 4 (1.58%) 802.1X
10 4 (1.58%) OAuth2
10 4 (1.58%) RESTful
11 3 (1.19%) AngularJS
11 3 (1.19%) Swagger
12 2 (0.79%) Keycloak
12 2 (0.79%) PHP-FPM
12 2 (0.79%) React
12 2 (0.79%) Sensu
Miscellaneous
1 24 (9.49%) PKI
2 17 (6.72%) Public Cloud
3 16 (6.32%) Cloud Native
4 14 (5.53%) Data Centre
5 13 (5.14%) Clustering
6 10 (3.95%) Linux Command Line
7 8 (3.16%) Analytical Skills
8 6 (2.37%) Analytical Mindset
9 3 (1.19%) Data Structures
9 3 (1.19%) Hybrid Cloud
10 2 (0.79%) Enterprise Cloud
10 2 (0.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 2 (0.79%) Mobile Banking
10 2 (0.79%) NHS
11 1 (0.40%) Algorithms
11 1 (0.40%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 1 (0.40%) Enterprise Software
11 1 (0.40%) Hedge funds
11 1 (0.40%) Private Cloud
11 1 (0.40%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 138 (54.55%) Linux
2 45 (17.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 42 (16.60%) Unix
3 42 (16.60%) Windows
4 30 (11.86%) CentOS
5 15 (5.93%) Ubuntu
6 12 (4.74%) Windows Server
7 4 (1.58%) Solaris
7 4 (1.58%) Windows Server 2008
7 4 (1.58%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (1.19%) Debian
9 1 (0.40%) AIX
9 1 (0.40%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 185 (73.12%) DevOps
2 91 (35.97%) Agile Software Development
3 88 (34.78%) Configuration Management
4 46 (18.18%) Continuous Integration
5 44 (17.39%) Migration
6 40 (15.81%) Microservices
7 31 (12.25%) Infrastructure as Code
8 27 (10.67%) Open Source
8 27 (10.67%) Scrum
9 26 (10.28%) Continuous Delivery
9 26 (10.28%) Load Balancing
10 25 (9.88%) Infrastructure Automation
11 21 (8.30%) SIEM
12 19 (7.51%) Kanban
12 19 (7.51%) Problem-Solving
13 18 (7.11%) Fintech
14 16 (6.32%) TDD
15 14 (5.53%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 14 (5.53%) Service Delivery
16 13 (5.14%) DevSecOps
Programming Languages
1 158 (62.45%) Python
2 84 (33.20%) Bash Shell
3 73 (28.85%) Java
4 26 (10.28%) Shell Script
5 19 (7.51%) PowerShell
6 18 (7.11%) SQL
7 16 (6.32%) JavaScript
7 16 (6.32%) Perl
7 16 (6.32%) Ruby
8 14 (5.53%) Groovy
9 13 (5.14%) PHP
10 10 (3.95%) Scala
11 4 (1.58%) C#
11 4 (1.58%) Java 8
12 3 (1.19%) C
12 3 (1.19%) Go
12 3 (1.19%) TypeScript
12 3 (1.19%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
13 1 (0.40%) Korn
13 1 (0.40%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 39 (15.42%) AWS Certification
2 33 (13.04%) Security Cleared
3 20 (7.91%) SC Cleared
4 17 (6.72%) RHCE
5 9 (3.56%) Degree
6 3 (1.19%) CCNP
6 3 (1.19%) Cisco Certification
7 2 (0.79%) BC Cleared
7 2 (0.79%) CISSP
7 2 (0.79%) Computer Science Degree
7 2 (0.79%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.79%) TOGAF Certification
8 1 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.40%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (1.19%) GDPR
2 2 (0.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (0.79%) NIST
2 2 (0.79%) NIST 800
2 2 (0.79%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.40%) HIPAA
3 1 (0.40%) QA
3 1 (0.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 1 (0.40%) SLA
System Software
1 125 (49.41%) Docker
2 16 (6.32%) Active Directory
3 11 (4.35%) Hyper-V
4 6 (2.37%) LXC
5 4 (1.58%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (1.58%) vSphere
6 2 (0.79%) HDFS
6 2 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.40%) Microsoft App-V
7 1 (0.40%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.40%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 136 (53.75%) Ansible
2 125 (49.41%) Terraform
3 97 (38.34%) Puppet
4 82 (32.41%) Opscode Chef
5 63 (24.90%) Kubernetes
6 20 (7.91%) Packer
7 17 (6.72%) Consul
8 13 (5.14%) HAProxy
8 13 (5.14%) Rancher
9 12 (4.74%) Suricata
10 7 (2.77%) Grafana
11 6 (2.37%) Istio
11 6 (2.37%) Nagios
11 6 (2.37%) Salt
11 6 (2.37%) ZABBIX
12 4 (1.58%) Mesos
12 4 (1.58%) QRadar
12 4 (1.58%) SCCM
12 4 (1.58%) Single Sign-On
12 4 (1.58%) vRealize
Vendors
1 42 (16.60%) Splunk
2 27 (10.67%) Atlassian
3 25 (9.88%) Red Hat
4 14 (5.53%) Google
5 13 (5.14%) Qualys
6 12 (4.74%) New Relic
7 11 (4.35%) ServiceNow
8 10 (3.95%) Microsoft
8 10 (3.95%) Ping Identity
9 9 (3.56%) VMware
10 8 (3.16%) Oracle
11 7 (2.77%) Cisco
12 6 (2.37%) AppDynamics
12 6 (2.37%) Teradata
13 5 (1.98%) Palo Alto
13 5 (1.98%) Salesforce.com
14 4 (1.58%) CommVault
14 4 (1.58%) Nimble Storage
14 4 (1.58%) Rackspace
14 4 (1.58%) SAP