Period
to 19 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 19 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 389 566 481
Rank change year-on-year +177 -85 +209
Contract jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud 140 258 474
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.45% 0.31% 0.46%
As % of the Cloud Services category 1.42% 1.05% 1.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 105 187 372
Median daily rate £495 £575 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -13.91% +9.52% -
10th Percentile £323 £410 £413
90th Percentile £644 £718 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £500 £481
% change year-on-year -10.00% +3.90% -3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 0 1
Median hourly rate £40.00 - £109.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Virtual Private Cloud is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 9,826 24,456 23,920
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.52% 28.95% 23.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,408 16,753 16,485
Median daily rate £500 £495 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +3.26%
10th Percentile £310 £290 £300
90th Percentile £675 £656 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 209 410 337
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +62.79% +22.86% -12.50%
10th Percentile £14.00 £14.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £78.75 £61.18
Median hourly rate £22.66 £22.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +3.00% +25.71% -5.41%

Virtual Private Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Private Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 19 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +175 117 £495 -13.91% 44
London +152 68 £550 -9.09% 20
UK excluding London +192 56 £450 -10.00% 26
Work from Home -60 32 £484 -15.83% 12
North of England +86 23 £450 -9.09% 9
North West +80 14 £432 -11.38% 2
Scotland +76 13 £375 -34.78% 2
South East +176 12 £488 -11.36% 10
North East +28 8 £495 - 1
South West +95 3 £450 -6.49% 1
East of England +89 3 £335 -45.31% 1
Midlands +70 2 £473 +18.23% 3
West Midlands +61 2 £473 +45.52% 3
Yorkshire +65 1 £500 -0.99% 6

For the 6 months to 19 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud.

1 133 (95.00%) AWS
2 88 (62.86%) Amazon EC2
3 86 (61.43%) DevOps
4 80 (57.14%) Terraform
5 66 (47.14%) Kubernetes
6 64 (45.71%) Docker
7 63 (45.00%) Amazon S3
7 63 (45.00%) Python
8 59 (42.14%) Linux
9 55 (39.29%) AWS Lambda
9 55 (39.29%) Serverless
10 54 (38.57%) Jenkins
10 54 (38.57%) Amazon RDS
11 50 (35.71%) Infrastructure as Code
12 49 (35.00%) Continuous Integration
13 47 (33.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 44 (31.43%) Agile Software Development
15 41 (29.29%) AWS CloudFormation
16 39 (27.86%) AWS CloudTrail
17 38 (27.14%) Ansible
18 37 (26.43%) Java
19 35 (25.00%) Microservices
19 35 (25.00%) Continuous Delivery
20 34 (24.29%) Relational Database
21 32 (22.86%) Test Automation
21 32 (22.86%) Bash Shell
22 31 (22.14%) SQL
23 30 (21.43%) Windows
23 30 (21.43%) NoSQL
23 30 (21.43%) Route 53

Virtual Private Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (11.43%) Elasticsearch
2 11 (7.86%) Apache Spark
2 11 (7.86%) Confluence
3 4 (2.86%) Drupal
3 4 (2.86%) Jupyter
4 3 (2.14%) nginx
4 3 (2.14%) SharePoint
4 3 (2.14%) Skype for Business
4 3 (2.14%) Tomcat
5 1 (0.71%) Apache Airflow
5 1 (0.71%) Luigi
5 1 (0.71%) Oracle BPEL
5 1 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 2 (1.43%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.71%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (0.71%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 133 (95.00%) AWS
2 88 (62.86%) Amazon EC2
3 63 (45.00%) Amazon S3
4 55 (39.29%) AWS Lambda
4 55 (39.29%) Serverless
5 47 (33.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 41 (29.29%) AWS CloudFormation
7 39 (27.86%) AWS CloudTrail
8 30 (21.43%) Amazon EKS
8 30 (21.43%) Route 53
9 25 (17.86%) Amazon ECS
10 24 (17.14%) GitHub
11 22 (15.71%) Azure
12 20 (14.29%) Amazon SQS
13 18 (12.86%) AWS CodePipeline
14 14 (10.00%) Amazon Cognito
14 14 (10.00%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 12 (8.57%) CloudFront
16 11 (7.86%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 11 (7.86%) Coveralls
Communications & Networking
1 26 (18.57%) VPN
2 23 (16.43%) DNS
3 10 (7.14%) HTTP
4 9 (6.43%) Firewall
5 8 (5.71%) Network Security
5 8 (5.71%) SSL
6 6 (4.29%) DHCP
7 3 (2.14%) Skype
7 3 (2.14%) SSH
8 2 (1.43%) FTP
8 2 (1.43%) SMTP
9 1 (0.71%) Cisco IOS
9 1 (0.71%) EIGRP
9 1 (0.71%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.71%) IPsec
9 1 (0.71%) LAN
9 1 (0.71%) OpenVPN
9 1 (0.71%) VoIP
9 1 (0.71%) WAN
9 1 (0.71%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (38.57%) Amazon RDS
2 34 (24.29%) Relational Database
3 30 (21.43%) NoSQL
4 23 (16.43%) PostgreSQL
5 22 (15.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 14 (10.00%) Big Data
7 12 (8.57%) Hadoop
7 12 (8.57%) MySQL
8 11 (7.86%) RDBMS
9 9 (6.43%) Redis
10 8 (5.71%) ArangoDB
10 8 (5.71%) MongoDB
11 7 (5.00%) Amazon Aurora
12 6 (4.29%) SQL Server
13 4 (2.86%) Amazon Redshift
13 4 (2.86%) Apache Hive
14 3 (2.14%) Cosmos DB
14 3 (2.14%) Data Warehouse
14 3 (2.14%) Neo4j
15 2 (1.43%) Amazon QuickSight
Development Applications
1 54 (38.57%) Jenkins
2 29 (20.71%) Git (software)
3 20 (14.29%) GitLab
4 19 (13.57%) JIRA
5 11 (7.86%) Maven
5 11 (7.86%) SonarQube
6 9 (6.43%) TeamCity
7 8 (5.71%) JUnit
8 7 (5.00%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 7 (5.00%) Bitbucket Server
8 7 (5.00%) Gradle
9 6 (4.29%) Spinnaker
10 5 (3.57%) Terragrunt
11 4 (2.86%) IntelliJ
11 4 (2.86%) Sublime Text
12 2 (1.43%) Bitbucket
12 2 (1.43%) Mockito
12 2 (1.43%) SoapUI
12 2 (1.43%) Sonatype Nexus
12 2 (1.43%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 26 (18.57%) Public Sector
2 17 (12.14%) Finance
3 10 (7.14%) Banking
4 4 (2.86%) Law
5 2 (1.43%) Retail
6 1 (0.71%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 45 (32.14%) DevOps Engineer
2 40 (28.57%) AWS Engineer
3 29 (20.71%) Cloud Engineer
4 19 (13.57%) AWS DevOps
5 18 (12.86%) Architect
6 17 (12.14%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 13 (9.29%) Developer
8 9 (6.43%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 9 (6.43%) Test Engineer
9 8 (5.71%) AWS Developer
9 8 (5.71%) Kubernetes Engineer
9 8 (5.71%) Solutions Architect
10 7 (5.00%) Analyst
10 7 (5.00%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
11 6 (4.29%) Platform Engineer
12 5 (3.57%) AWS Architect
12 5 (3.57%) Python Engineer
13 4 (2.86%) Cloud Architect
13 4 (2.86%) React Developer
13 4 (2.86%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (17.14%) .NET
2 20 (14.29%) Web Services
3 16 (11.43%) Elastic Stack
4 14 (10.00%) Node.js
5 12 (8.57%) GraphQL
6 11 (7.86%) Kafka
6 11 (7.86%) REST
7 8 (5.71%) JSON
7 8 (5.71%) Spark Streaming
8 7 (5.00%) .NET Core
8 7 (5.00%) .NET Framework
8 7 (5.00%) ASP.NET Web API
8 7 (5.00%) Entity Framework
9 6 (4.29%) RESTful
10 5 (3.57%) Django
10 5 (3.57%) Flask
10 5 (3.57%) React Native
11 4 (2.86%) Lambda Expressions
11 4 (2.86%) React
11 4 (2.86%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 13 (9.29%) Public Cloud
2 9 (6.43%) Cloud Native
3 8 (5.71%) Linux Command Line
4 5 (3.57%) Hybrid Cloud
4 5 (3.57%) User Experience
5 4 (2.86%) Analytical Skills
5 4 (2.86%) Data Centre
5 4 (2.86%) Replication
6 3 (2.14%) PKI
7 2 (1.43%) Enterprise Software
7 2 (1.43%) FMCG
7 2 (1.43%) Social Media
8 1 (0.71%) Digital Media
8 1 (0.71%) Enterprise Cloud
8 1 (0.71%) Management Information System
8 1 (0.71%) Self-Motivation
8 1 (0.71%) Video Conferencing
8 1 (0.71%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 59 (42.14%) Linux
2 30 (21.43%) Windows
3 27 (19.29%) Unix
4 8 (5.71%) Windows Server
5 5 (3.57%) Apple iOS
5 5 (3.57%) Windows Server 2016
6 4 (2.86%) Amazon Linux
6 4 (2.86%) Windows Server 2012
7 3 (2.14%) Debian
7 3 (2.14%) Windows Server 2008
7 3 (2.14%) Windows Server 2019
8 2 (1.43%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.71%) CentOS
9 1 (0.71%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.71%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.71%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 86 (61.43%) DevOps
2 50 (35.71%) Infrastructure as Code
3 49 (35.00%) Continuous Integration
4 44 (31.43%) Agile Software Development
5 35 (25.00%) Continuous Delivery
5 35 (25.00%) Microservices
6 32 (22.86%) Test Automation
7 28 (20.00%) Scrum
8 22 (15.71%) Configuration Management
9 17 (12.14%) Deployment Automation
10 13 (9.29%) Auto-Scaling
10 13 (9.29%) Continuous Deployment
11 12 (8.57%) Blue-Green Deployment
12 11 (7.86%) Canary Deployment
12 11 (7.86%) Data Science
12 11 (7.86%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 11 (7.86%) Network Load Balancing
12 11 (7.86%) Software Engineering
13 10 (7.14%) Computer Science
13 10 (7.14%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 63 (45.00%) Python
2 37 (26.43%) Java
3 32 (22.86%) Bash Shell
4 31 (22.14%) SQL
5 17 (12.14%) Ruby
6 11 (7.86%) C#
6 11 (7.86%) JavaScript
7 8 (5.71%) Go
8 7 (5.00%) PowerShell
8 7 (5.00%) Scala
9 6 (4.29%) Shell Script
10 5 (3.57%) Java 8
11 4 (2.86%) ES6
11 4 (2.86%) R
11 4 (2.86%) TypeScript
12 1 (0.71%) C
12 1 (0.71%) C++
12 1 (0.71%) Groovy
12 1 (0.71%) Korn
12 1 (0.71%) PHP
Qualifications
1 24 (17.14%) AWS Certification
2 20 (14.29%) SC Cleared
2 20 (14.29%) Security Cleared
3 10 (7.14%) Degree
4 9 (6.43%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (5.71%) Master's Degree
6 7 (5.00%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (2.86%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 2 (1.43%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.71%) CCNA
9 1 (0.71%) CCNP
9 1 (0.71%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.71%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.71%) LPIC
9 1 (0.71%) MCP
9 1 (0.71%) MCSE
9 1 (0.71%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (5.71%) QA
2 4 (2.86%) GDPR
3 3 (2.14%) SLA
4 2 (1.43%) NCSC
5 1 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.71%) NIST
5 1 (0.71%) NIST 800
5 1 (0.71%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 64 (45.71%) Docker
2 12 (8.57%) Active Directory
3 5 (3.57%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (2.86%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
5 3 (2.14%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (1.43%) UAG
7 1 (0.71%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.71%) HDFS
7 1 (0.71%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.71%) iptables
7 1 (0.71%) Oracle RAC
7 1 (0.71%) vCloud
7 1 (0.71%) VMware NSX
7 1 (0.71%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 80 (57.14%) Terraform
2 66 (47.14%) Kubernetes
3 38 (27.14%) Ansible
4 27 (19.29%) Prometheus
5 25 (17.86%) Puppet
6 22 (15.71%) Opscode Chef
7 19 (13.57%) Packer
8 12 (8.57%) Istio
9 10 (7.14%) Grafana
10 7 (5.00%) Kibana
11 5 (3.57%) Consul
11 5 (3.57%) Network Intrusion Detection System
12 3 (2.14%) HAProxy
12 3 (2.14%) Microsoft Intune
12 3 (2.14%) Nagios
13 2 (1.43%) Graylog
13 2 (1.43%) HP Quality Center
13 2 (1.43%) Single Sign-On
14 1 (0.71%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
14 1 (0.71%) Mesos
Vendors
1 15 (10.71%) Microsoft
2 6 (4.29%) Splunk
2 6 (4.29%) Zscaler
3 5 (3.57%) Google
4 4 (2.86%) Oracle
4 4 (2.86%) VMware
5 3 (2.14%) CheckPoint
5 3 (2.14%) CloudEndure
5 3 (2.14%) F5
5 3 (2.14%) Hortonworks
5 3 (2.14%) IBM
6 2 (1.43%) AppDynamics
6 2 (1.43%) Cisco
6 2 (1.43%) Citrix
6 2 (1.43%) Databricks
6 2 (1.43%) MKS
7 1 (0.71%) Atlassian
7 1 (0.71%) Meraki
7 1 (0.71%) Red Hat
7 1 (0.71%) Salesforce.com