Period
to 5 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 5 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
UK
6 months to
5 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 508 462 581
Rank change year-on-year -46 +119 +101
Contract jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud 184 463 324
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.30% 0.48% 0.32%
As % of the Cloud Services category 0.99% 1.76% 1.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 133 329 252
Median daily rate £575 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% - +10.00%
10th Percentile £425 £400 £425
90th Percentile £745 £694 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £568 £500 £544
% change year-on-year +13.68% -8.16% +31.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 7 1
Median hourly rate - £35.00 £55.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -36.36% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Virtual Private Cloud is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 18,511 26,259 20,536
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.06% 27.09% 20.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,362 18,083 14,087
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £281 £313 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £629
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 381 306 271
Median hourly rate £23.67 £18.76 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.17% -6.20% +11.11%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.69 £11.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £62.50 £48.25
Median hourly rate £20.50 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +17.14% - +1.60%

Virtual Private Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Private Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 5 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 5 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -44 169 £575 - 43
UK excluding London +127 115 £568 +13.68% 16
London -60 70 £600 +4.35% 29
North of England +60 51 £540 -1.82% 6
South East +99 26 £638 +27.50% 6
North West +31 26 £520 -0.95% 5
North East +42 17 £900 +80.00%
Midlands +58 14 £547 +27.95%
Scotland +28 14 £700 +64.71% 2
East Midlands +29 10 £547 +20.27%
Yorkshire +33 8 £505 -8.18% 1
South West +31 7 £550 +29.41%
East of England +20 6 £625 +4.17% 2
West Midlands +55 4 £450 +12.50%
Work from Home +9 4 £613 +4.70% 6

For the 6 months to 5 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud.

1 182 (98.91%) AWS
2 113 (61.41%) Terraform
3 112 (60.87%) DevOps
4 111 (60.33%) Amazon EC2
5 108 (58.70%) Amazon S3
6 92 (50.00%) Python
7 85 (46.20%) Ansible
8 77 (41.85%) Docker
9 74 (40.22%) Serverless
10 73 (39.67%) Jenkins
10 73 (39.67%) AWS CloudFormation
10 73 (39.67%) Linux
11 72 (39.13%) Kubernetes
11 72 (39.13%) AWS Lambda
12 69 (37.50%) Agile Software Development
13 57 (30.98%) Amazon RDS
14 48 (26.09%) Route 53
14 48 (26.09%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 48 (26.09%) Infrastructure as Code
15 44 (23.91%) Amazon ECS
16 41 (22.28%) Bash Shell
17 39 (21.20%) Java
17 39 (21.20%) Puppet
18 38 (20.65%) CloudFront
19 37 (20.11%) VPN
20 36 (19.57%) Opscode Chef
21 33 (17.93%) Finance
22 32 (17.39%) Windows
23 30 (16.30%) Scrum
24 29 (15.76%) OpenShift

Virtual Private Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (8.70%) Confluence
2 12 (6.52%) Elasticsearch
3 7 (3.80%) Apache
3 7 (3.80%) Apache Spark
3 7 (3.80%) nginx
4 4 (2.17%) JBoss
4 4 (2.17%) Tomcat
5 3 (1.63%) Cloud Foundry
5 3 (1.63%) Drupal
6 2 (1.09%) Apache Airflow
6 2 (1.09%) Apache Pig
6 2 (1.09%) Oracle HTTP Server
6 2 (1.09%) Oracle Workflow
6 2 (1.09%) WildFly
7 1 (0.54%) Luigi
7 1 (0.54%) SharePoint
Applications
1 1 (0.54%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (4.89%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 182 (98.91%) AWS
2 111 (60.33%) Amazon EC2
3 108 (58.70%) Amazon S3
4 74 (40.22%) Serverless
5 73 (39.67%) AWS CloudFormation
6 72 (39.13%) AWS Lambda
7 48 (26.09%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 48 (26.09%) Route 53
8 44 (23.91%) Amazon ECS
9 38 (20.65%) CloudFront
10 29 (15.76%) OpenShift
11 26 (14.13%) Amazon ELB
11 26 (14.13%) AWS CloudTrail
12 24 (13.04%) Azure
13 19 (10.33%) PaaS
14 16 (8.70%) Amazon EKS
14 16 (8.70%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 16 (8.70%) Amazon Kinesis
14 16 (8.70%) GCP
15 15 (8.15%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 37 (20.11%) VPN
2 18 (9.78%) Firewall
3 16 (8.70%) DNS
4 11 (5.98%) TCP/IP
5 9 (4.89%) HTTP
6 6 (3.26%) Network Security
7 5 (2.72%) IPsec
7 5 (2.72%) SSL
8 4 (2.17%) BGP
8 4 (2.17%) Internet
8 4 (2.17%) MQTT
8 4 (2.17%) SNMP
9 3 (1.63%) OSPF
10 2 (1.09%) Cisco ASA
10 2 (1.09%) DMZ
10 2 (1.09%) HTTPS
10 2 (1.09%) VLAN
10 2 (1.09%) WAN
10 2 (1.09%) Wi-Fi
10 2 (1.09%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 57 (30.98%) Amazon RDS
2 22 (11.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 16 (8.70%) MySQL
4 14 (7.61%) Amazon Athena
4 14 (7.61%) Big Data
5 11 (5.98%) Amazon Redshift
5 11 (5.98%) MongoDB
6 9 (4.89%) PostgreSQL
7 7 (3.80%) Amazon Aurora
7 7 (3.80%) Apache Hive
7 7 (3.80%) Hadoop
8 6 (3.26%) Apache Cassandra
8 6 (3.26%) Data Lake
8 6 (3.26%) Data Warehouse
8 6 (3.26%) Relational Database
9 5 (2.72%) NoSQL
10 4 (2.17%) HBase
10 4 (2.17%) Impala
10 4 (2.17%) SAP HANA
10 4 (2.17%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 73 (39.67%) Jenkins
2 27 (14.67%) JIRA
3 24 (13.04%) Git (software)
4 20 (10.87%) CircleCI
5 15 (8.15%) Travis CI
6 12 (6.52%) Bitbucket
6 12 (6.52%) GitLab
6 12 (6.52%) GoCD
7 11 (5.98%) SonarQube
8 6 (3.26%) Subversion
9 5 (2.72%) Gradle
9 5 (2.72%) Maven
9 5 (2.72%) Snyk
9 5 (2.72%) TeamCity
10 4 (2.17%) Artifactory
10 4 (2.17%) Terragrunt
11 3 (1.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 3 (1.63%) gulp
11 3 (1.63%) Mocha
11 3 (1.63%) Selenium
General
1 33 (17.93%) Finance
2 9 (4.89%) Banking
3 7 (3.80%) Public Sector
4 4 (2.17%) Marketing
5 2 (1.09%) Manufacturing
5 2 (1.09%) Retail
5 2 (1.09%) Telecoms
6 1 (0.54%) Billing
6 1 (0.54%) Electronics
6 1 (0.54%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 66 (35.87%) DevOps Engineer
2 48 (26.09%) AWS Engineer
3 40 (21.74%) Architect
4 29 (15.76%) Cloud Engineer
5 27 (14.67%) AWS DevOps
6 25 (13.59%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 18 (9.78%) AWS Architect
8 17 (9.24%) Developer
9 16 (8.70%) Cloud Architect
10 14 (7.61%) Senior DevOps
10 14 (7.61%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 12 (6.52%) Security Engineer
11 12 (6.52%) Solutions Architect
12 10 (5.43%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 9 (4.89%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
14 8 (4.35%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 8 (4.35%) Platform Engineer
15 7 (3.80%) AWS Developer
15 7 (3.80%) DevSecOps Engineer
16 6 (3.26%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (13.04%) Web Services
2 19 (10.33%) Elastic Stack
3 13 (7.07%) Node.js
4 10 (5.43%) REST
4 10 (5.43%) YAML
5 8 (4.35%) HTML
6 6 (3.26%) Kafka
7 5 (2.72%) JSON
7 5 (2.72%) LAMP
7 5 (2.72%) LEMP Stack
7 5 (2.72%) React Native
7 5 (2.72%) Swagger
8 4 (2.17%) .NET
8 4 (2.17%) React
8 4 (2.17%) Spring
9 3 (1.63%) Apache NiFi
9 3 (1.63%) boto
9 3 (1.63%) CSS
9 3 (1.63%) PySpark
9 3 (1.63%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 26 (14.13%) Public Cloud
2 15 (8.15%) Linux Command Line
3 12 (6.52%) Cloud Native
4 9 (4.89%) Analytical Skills
4 9 (4.89%) Greenfield Project
4 9 (4.89%) Hybrid Cloud
4 9 (4.89%) VxBlock/Vblock
5 7 (3.80%) Data Centre
5 7 (3.80%) User Experience
6 4 (2.17%) Enterprise Software
6 4 (2.17%) Self-Motivation
7 3 (1.63%) PKI
8 2 (1.09%) Clustering
8 2 (1.09%) Enterprise Cloud
8 2 (1.09%) Management Information System
8 2 (1.09%) Mobile App
9 1 (0.54%) Analytical Mindset
9 1 (0.54%) Data Structures
9 1 (0.54%) Replication
9 1 (0.54%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 73 (39.67%) Linux
2 32 (17.39%) Windows
3 18 (9.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 15 (8.15%) Unix
5 14 (7.61%) CentOS
6 7 (3.80%) Ubuntu
6 7 (3.80%) Windows Server
7 3 (1.63%) Windows Server 2016
8 2 (1.09%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 112 (60.87%) DevOps
2 69 (37.50%) Agile Software Development
3 48 (26.09%) Infrastructure as Code
4 30 (16.30%) Scrum
5 26 (14.13%) Open Source
6 25 (13.59%) Continuous Integration
7 24 (13.04%) Migration
7 24 (13.04%) Test Automation
8 22 (11.96%) Configuration Management
9 18 (9.78%) Microservices
10 15 (8.15%) Load Balancing
11 13 (7.07%) Continuous Delivery
12 12 (6.52%) Infrastructure Automation
12 12 (6.52%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 12 (6.52%) TOGAF
13 11 (5.98%) Kanban
14 10 (5.43%) Analytics
14 10 (5.43%) Data Engineering
15 9 (4.89%) Deployment Automation
15 9 (4.89%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 92 (50.00%) Python
2 41 (22.28%) Bash Shell
3 39 (21.20%) Java
4 20 (10.87%) Ruby
5 17 (9.24%) Groovy
6 13 (7.07%) Perl
7 12 (6.52%) SQL
8 11 (5.98%) JavaScript
9 10 (5.43%) PowerShell
10 8 (4.35%) Scala
11 6 (3.26%) Shell Script
11 6 (3.26%) TypeScript
12 5 (2.72%) C
13 4 (2.17%) Go
14 3 (1.63%) ES6
15 2 (1.09%) PHP
15 2 (1.09%) RPG
16 1 (0.54%) C#
16 1 (0.54%) Clojure
16 1 (0.54%) R
Qualifications
1 26 (14.13%) AWS Certification
2 8 (4.35%) Security Cleared
3 4 (2.17%) BPSS Clearance
3 4 (2.17%) Degree
3 4 (2.17%) SC Cleared
3 4 (2.17%) TOGAF Certification
4 3 (1.63%) DV Cleared
5 2 (1.09%) CCNA
5 2 (1.09%) CCNP
5 2 (1.09%) Cisco Certification
6 1 (0.54%) (ISC)2 CCSP
6 1 (0.54%) LPIC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (3.80%) QA
2 1 (0.54%) GDPR
2 1 (0.54%) HIPAA
2 1 (0.54%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 77 (41.85%) Docker
2 10 (5.43%) Active Directory
3 8 (4.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (2.72%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (2.17%) Hyper-V
5 4 (2.17%) vSphere
6 3 (1.63%) HDFS
7 2 (1.09%) Apache Flume
7 2 (1.09%) LXC
7 2 (1.09%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 113 (61.41%) Terraform
2 85 (46.20%) Ansible
3 72 (39.13%) Kubernetes
4 39 (21.20%) Puppet
5 36 (19.57%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (5.43%) Packer
7 6 (3.26%) HAProxy
8 5 (2.72%) Consul
8 5 (2.72%) Prometheus
8 5 (2.72%) ZABBIX
9 4 (2.17%) Grafana
9 4 (2.17%) Rancher
10 3 (1.63%) Docker Swarm
10 3 (1.63%) Nagios
11 2 (1.09%) Kubeflow
11 2 (1.09%) Salt
12 1 (0.54%) Hadoop YARN
12 1 (0.54%) Mesos
12 1 (0.54%) Oozie
12 1 (0.54%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 19 (10.33%) Red Hat
2 18 (9.78%) Oracle
3 15 (8.15%) IBM
4 14 (7.61%) Cisco
5 12 (6.52%) Google
6 10 (5.43%) HP
7 9 (4.89%) Sparx
8 8 (4.35%) VMware
9 7 (3.80%) Splunk
10 6 (3.26%) Microsoft
10 6 (3.26%) SAP
11 5 (2.72%) Atlassian
12 4 (2.17%) Black Duck
12 4 (2.17%) Palo Alto
12 4 (2.17%) Salesforce.com
13 3 (1.63%) CheckPoint
13 3 (1.63%) SolarWinds
13 3 (1.63%) Sophos
14 1 (0.54%) Foundry
14 1 (0.54%) Veeam