Period
to 24 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 24 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK > England
6 months to
24 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 172 272 320
Rank change year-on-year +100 +48 +247
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 663 859 730
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.54% 1.02% 0.79%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.80% 1.17% 0.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 479 576 513
Median daily rate £550 £550 £530
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.77% -3.64%
10th Percentile £419 £413 £408
90th Percentile £707 £675 £660
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £530
% change year-on-year - +3.77% -3.64%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 £67.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -48.15% - -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £67.50 -
% change year-on-year -48.15% - -

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 36,927 73,480 80,218
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.65% 87.67% 87.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,610 48,927 53,289
Median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £300 £306 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,241 1,906 2,120
Median hourly rate £27.50 £24.54 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.07% +11.53% -12.00%
10th Percentile £12.75 £11.85 £11.18
90th Percentile £53.00 £52.21 £50.00
Median hourly rate £28.00 £24.50 £22.00
% change year-on-year +14.29% +11.36% -12.00%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England over the 6 months to 24 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England.

Hourly rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the England region over the 6 months to 24 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +96 346 £586 +2.81% 61
North of England +80 118 £525 -2.78% 28
South East +41 79 £530 -1.40% 17
North West +72 69 £525 -4.55% 15
South West +45 56 £600 +17.07% 14
Yorkshire +65 44 £544 -3.33% 11
Midlands +50 37 £441 -11.80% 15
West Midlands +60 27 £475 -13.64% 10
East of England +67 22 £500 -2.44% 11
East Midlands +28 8 £358 -10.54% 5
North East +11 5 £425 -10.53% 2
Infrastructure as Code
UK

For the 6 months to 24 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 539 (81.30%) DevOps
2 445 (67.12%) Terraform
3 382 (57.62%) AWS
4 293 (44.19%) Agile Software Development
5 281 (42.38%) Ansible
6 264 (39.82%) Kubernetes
7 257 (38.76%) Docker
8 256 (38.61%) Azure
9 253 (38.16%) Python
10 237 (35.75%) Jenkins
11 197 (29.71%) Continuous Integration
12 176 (26.55%) Linux
13 156 (23.53%) Git (software)
14 148 (22.32%) Java
15 141 (21.27%) PowerShell
16 132 (19.91%) Continuous Delivery
17 126 (19.00%) AWS CloudFormation
18 121 (18.25%) Windows
19 120 (18.10%) Puppet
20 107 (16.14%) Bash Shell
20 107 (16.14%) Security Cleared
21 104 (15.69%) Opscode Chef
22 99 (14.93%) SQL
23 98 (14.78%) Finance
24 96 (14.48%) PaaS
25 95 (14.33%) Serverless
26 94 (14.18%) Configuration Management
27 90 (13.57%) Amazon EC2
28 85 (12.82%) Analytics
29 83 (12.52%) Microsoft

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (8.30%) Confluence
2 19 (2.87%) Elasticsearch
3 12 (1.81%) SAS
4 9 (1.36%) Mule
5 8 (1.21%) IIS
6 7 (1.06%) Apache
6 7 (1.06%) Apache Spark
7 6 (0.90%) JBoss
7 6 (0.90%) Tomcat
8 5 (0.75%) Anypoint
8 5 (0.75%) SharePoint
9 4 (0.60%) nginx
10 3 (0.45%) CMS
10 3 (0.45%) Headless CMS
10 3 (0.45%) OpenStack
10 3 (0.45%) Sitecore CMS
11 2 (0.30%) Cloud Foundry
11 2 (0.30%) Jupyter
11 2 (0.30%) MS Exchange
11 2 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 2 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.15%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.45%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.15%) Maximo
2 1 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (0.15%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 382 (57.62%) AWS
2 256 (38.61%) Azure
3 126 (19.00%) AWS CloudFormation
4 96 (14.48%) PaaS
5 95 (14.33%) Serverless
6 90 (13.57%) Amazon EC2
7 79 (11.92%) GitHub
8 75 (11.31%) GCP
9 74 (11.16%) Amazon S3
10 72 (10.86%) IaaS
11 69 (10.41%) OpenShift
12 60 (9.05%) AWS Lambda
13 48 (7.24%) Power Platform
14 40 (6.03%) Cloud Computing
15 39 (5.88%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 38 (5.73%) Amazon EKS
17 37 (5.58%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 33 (4.98%) Amazon ECS
19 27 (4.07%) Amazon EMR
20 19 (2.87%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 49 (7.39%) Firewall
2 41 (6.18%) DNS
3 16 (2.41%) HTTP
3 16 (2.41%) TCP/IP
4 14 (2.11%) VPN
5 10 (1.51%) SSL
6 9 (1.36%) Reverse Proxy
7 7 (1.06%) Kerberos
7 7 (1.06%) SAN
8 6 (0.90%) WAN
9 5 (0.75%) DHCP
9 5 (0.75%) Internet
9 5 (0.75%) Skype
10 4 (0.60%) Network Security
10 4 (0.60%) OpenVPN
11 3 (0.45%) BGP
11 3 (0.45%) Intrusion Detection
11 3 (0.45%) LAN
11 3 (0.45%) SNMP
11 3 (0.45%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (7.09%) Power BI
2 41 (6.18%) Data Lake
3 40 (6.03%) NoSQL
4 38 (5.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 37 (5.58%) Big Data
6 34 (5.13%) HDInsight
7 25 (3.77%) SQL Server
8 24 (3.62%) Hadoop
9 21 (3.17%) Data Warehouse
9 21 (3.17%) Relational Database
10 19 (2.87%) PostgreSQL
10 19 (2.87%) Redis
11 17 (2.56%) Oracle Database
12 15 (2.26%) Amazon RDS
12 15 (2.26%) MySQL
13 13 (1.96%) RDBMS
14 12 (1.81%) Amazon Redshift
14 12 (1.81%) MongoDB
15 8 (1.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 8 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 237 (35.75%) Jenkins
2 156 (23.53%) Git (software)
3 81 (12.22%) GitLab
4 70 (10.56%) JIRA
5 60 (9.05%) Bitbucket
6 43 (6.49%) Visual Studio
7 39 (5.88%) CircleCI
8 30 (4.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 28 (4.22%) Maven
10 26 (3.92%) Artifactory
11 21 (3.17%) Sonatype Nexus
11 21 (3.17%) Visual Studio Team System
12 19 (2.87%) Subversion
13 18 (2.71%) SonarQube
14 17 (2.56%) Cucumber
14 17 (2.56%) Snyk
14 17 (2.56%) TeamCity
15 15 (2.26%) JUnit
15 15 (2.26%) Travis CI
16 11 (1.66%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 98 (14.78%) Finance
2 76 (11.46%) Public Sector
3 20 (3.02%) Banking
4 13 (1.96%) Marketing
5 11 (1.66%) Retail
5 11 (1.66%) Telecoms
6 7 (1.06%) Electronics
6 7 (1.06%) Legal
6 7 (1.06%) Manufacturing
7 5 (0.75%) Front Office
7 5 (0.75%) Law
8 4 (0.60%) Financial Institution
9 3 (0.45%) Publishing
10 2 (0.30%) Games
10 2 (0.30%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.15%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 332 (50.08%) DevOps Engineer
2 126 (19.00%) AWS Engineer
3 88 (13.27%) AWS DevOps
4 84 (12.67%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 76 (11.46%) Cloud Engineer
6 66 (9.95%) Azure Engineer
7 65 (9.80%) Senior DevOps
8 63 (9.50%) Platform Engineer
9 56 (8.45%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 50 (7.54%) Architect
11 48 (7.24%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 45 (6.79%) Developer
13 37 (5.58%) Azure DevOps
14 31 (4.68%) Python Engineer
15 27 (4.07%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 23 (3.47%) Consultant
17 22 (3.32%) Software Engineer
18 21 (3.17%) Lead DevOps
18 21 (3.17%) Site Reliability Engineer
19 19 (2.87%) Site Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 60 (9.05%) Node.js
2 52 (7.84%) .NET
3 51 (7.69%) Kafka
3 51 (7.69%) Web Services
4 24 (3.62%) Elastic Stack
5 18 (2.71%) Middleware
6 16 (2.41%) JSON
7 15 (2.26%) AngularJS
8 14 (2.11%) YAML
9 11 (1.66%) ASP.NET
9 11 (1.66%) React
10 10 (1.51%) Flask
10 10 (1.51%) LDAP
11 9 (1.36%) CSS
11 9 (1.36%) HTML
11 9 (1.36%) OAuth
11 9 (1.36%) REST
11 9 (1.36%) RESTful
11 9 (1.36%) Spring
11 9 (1.36%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 43 (6.49%) Public Cloud
2 34 (5.13%) Cloud Native
3 31 (4.68%) Analytical Skills
4 28 (4.22%) Greenfield Project
5 27 (4.07%) Linux Command Line
6 23 (3.47%) Data Centre
7 21 (3.17%) Private Cloud
8 18 (2.71%) Hybrid Cloud
9 15 (2.26%) Self-Motivation
10 11 (1.66%) Enterprise Storage
10 11 (1.66%) Management Information System
11 10 (1.51%) Enterprise Cloud
12 7 (1.06%) Enterprise Software
13 5 (0.75%) User Experience
14 4 (0.60%) Virtual Team
15 3 (0.45%) Blog
15 3 (0.45%) FMCG
15 3 (0.45%) Mobile App
15 3 (0.45%) Replication
16 2 (0.30%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 176 (26.55%) Linux
2 121 (18.25%) Windows
3 37 (5.58%) Unix
4 36 (5.43%) Windows Server
5 27 (4.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 20 (3.02%) CentOS
7 7 (1.06%) CoreOS
7 7 (1.06%) Ubuntu
7 7 (1.06%) Windows Server 2016
8 6 (0.90%) Solaris
8 6 (0.90%) Windows 10
9 4 (0.60%) Android
9 4 (0.60%) VMS
9 4 (0.60%) Windows Server 2008
10 3 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.15%) DC/OS
11 1 (0.15%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 539 (81.30%) DevOps
2 293 (44.19%) Agile Software Development
3 197 (29.71%) Continuous Integration
4 132 (19.91%) Continuous Delivery
5 94 (14.18%) Configuration Management
6 85 (12.82%) Analytics
7 80 (12.07%) Migration
7 80 (12.07%) Software Engineering
8 77 (11.61%) Test Automation
9 75 (11.31%) Scrum
10 71 (10.71%) Microservices
11 63 (9.50%) Business Intelligence
12 59 (8.90%) Site Reliability Engineering
12 59 (8.90%) TDD
13 46 (6.94%) Security Testing
14 45 (6.79%) Deployment Automation
15 44 (6.64%) Data Management
16 43 (6.49%) Continuous Deployment
17 39 (5.88%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 39 (5.88%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 253 (38.16%) Python
2 148 (22.32%) Java
3 141 (21.27%) PowerShell
4 107 (16.14%) Bash Shell
5 99 (14.93%) SQL
6 80 (12.07%) Go
7 79 (11.92%) Ruby
8 56 (8.45%) JavaScript
9 41 (6.18%) C#
10 31 (4.68%) Perl
11 26 (3.92%) Groovy
12 21 (3.17%) Shell Script
13 18 (2.71%) Scala
14 15 (2.26%) R
15 13 (1.96%) PL/SQL
16 11 (1.66%) PHP
17 7 (1.06%) C++
17 7 (1.06%) Rust
18 6 (0.90%) TypeScript
19 4 (0.60%) C
Qualifications
1 107 (16.14%) Security Cleared
2 69 (10.41%) SC Cleared
3 39 (5.88%) AWS Certification
4 22 (3.32%) DV Cleared
5 12 (1.81%) BPSS Clearance
6 10 (1.51%) Cisco Certification
6 10 (1.51%) Degree
7 9 (1.36%) CISSP
8 8 (1.21%) CCNA
9 7 (1.06%) CISM
10 5 (0.75%) CESG Certified Professional
10 5 (0.75%) CRISC
11 4 (0.60%) MCSA
11 4 (0.60%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.60%) SANS
12 3 (0.45%) ITIL Certification
13 2 (0.30%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 1 (0.15%) Citrix Certification
14 1 (0.15%) DBS Check
14 1 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (4.07%) QA
2 6 (0.90%) NIST
3 5 (0.75%) GDPR
4 2 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.30%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 257 (38.76%) Docker
2 42 (6.33%) Virtual Machines
3 32 (4.83%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (3.47%) Active Directory
5 13 (1.96%) vSphere
6 8 (1.21%) VMware NSX
7 6 (0.90%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.60%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.30%) HDFS
9 2 (0.30%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.30%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.15%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 1 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.15%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 1 (0.15%) VirtualBox
10 1 (0.15%) XenApp
10 1 (0.15%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.15%) zsh
Systems Management
1 445 (67.12%) Terraform
2 281 (42.38%) Ansible
3 264 (39.82%) Kubernetes
4 120 (18.10%) Puppet
5 104 (15.69%) Opscode Chef
6 40 (6.03%) Prometheus
7 32 (4.83%) Packer
8 23 (3.47%) Grafana
8 23 (3.47%) Istio
9 18 (2.71%) Docker Swarm
10 16 (2.41%) Salt
10 16 (2.41%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 13 (1.96%) Kibana
12 11 (1.66%) Nagios
12 11 (1.66%) Rancher
13 10 (1.51%) logstash
14 8 (1.21%) vRealize
15 5 (0.75%) Graphite
16 3 (0.45%) Data Guard
16 3 (0.45%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 83 (12.52%) Microsoft
2 40 (6.03%) Oracle
3 37 (5.58%) VMware
4 36 (5.43%) Google
5 24 (3.62%) Red Hat
6 20 (3.02%) Informatica
7 19 (2.87%) Splunk
8 15 (2.26%) Atlassian
9 13 (1.96%) TOWER Software
10 12 (1.81%) Cloudera
11 11 (1.66%) EMC
11 11 (1.66%) MuleSoft
11 11 (1.66%) SAP
12 9 (1.36%) Cisco
12 9 (1.36%) EnterpriseDB
13 8 (1.21%) AppDynamics
13 8 (1.21%) Lets Encrypt
14 7 (1.06%) Confluent
14 7 (1.06%) Sybase
14 7 (1.06%) Veracode