Period
to 18 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 18 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK > England
6 months to
18 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 132 175 277
Rank change year-on-year +43 +102 +48
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 908 674 843
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.99% 1.52% 1.00%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.27% 1.77% 1.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 681 497 574
10th Percentile £400 £425 £413
25th Percentile £463 £488 £486
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% - +3.77%
75th Percentile £606 £625 £613
90th Percentile £675 £713 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -4.55% - +3.77%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 0 1
10th Percentile £34.75 " "
25th Percentile £51.25 " £66.25
Median hourly rate £60.00 - £67.50
75th Percentile £62.25 " £68.75
90th Percentile " " "
UK median hourly rate £61.50 £60.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.50% +50.00% -

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 39,929 37,994 73,834
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.68% 85.75% 87.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 27,471 25,620 50,161
10th Percentile £310 £300 £306
25th Percentile £400 £388 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.70%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £680 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +4.21% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,240 1,106 1,791
10th Percentile £11.68 £12.39 £11.61
25th Percentile £15.24 £15.75 £14.50
Median hourly rate £24.50 £21.50 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +13.95% -4.44% +7.09%
75th Percentile £45.81 £45.00 £44.50
90th Percentile £58.51 £53.75 £51.05
UK median hourly rate £25.50 £22.34 £22.50
% change year-on-year +14.16% -0.72% +9.76%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England.

Hourly rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the England region over the 6 months to 18 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +27 505 £550 -4.35% 243
South East +52 106 £495 -6.16% 39
North of England +1 81 £490 -6.67% 89
North West +3 55 £500 -4.76% 50
Midlands +11 45 £438 -1.80% 35
South West +29 41 £469 -23.78% 28
West Midlands +15 37 £375 -16.67% 27
East of England +21 18 £550 +10.00% 21
Yorkshire 0 18 £418 -24.09% 32
North East +23 8 £588 +38.24% 7
East Midlands +4 4 £428 +19.46% 8
Infrastructure as Code
UK

For the 6 months to 18 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 677 (74.56%) DevOps
2 633 (69.71%) Terraform
3 480 (52.86%) Azure
4 472 (51.98%) AWS
5 351 (38.66%) Python
5 351 (38.66%) Kubernetes
6 300 (33.04%) Docker
7 281 (30.95%) Ansible
8 264 (29.07%) Linux
9 245 (26.98%) Agile Software Development
10 239 (26.32%) Jenkins
11 188 (20.70%) Microservices
12 185 (20.37%) Java
13 168 (18.50%) PaaS
14 160 (17.62%) PowerShell
15 156 (17.18%) Security Cleared
16 145 (15.97%) Git (software)
17 143 (15.75%) Bash Shell
17 143 (15.75%) AWS CloudFormation
18 137 (15.09%) Microsoft
19 133 (14.65%) GCP
20 132 (14.54%) Windows
21 124 (13.66%) Public Sector
21 124 (13.66%) Social Skills
22 120 (13.22%) IaaS
22 120 (13.22%) SC Cleared
23 118 (13.00%) Finance
24 109 (12.00%) GitHub
24 109 (12.00%) Configuration Management
25 106 (11.67%) Scrum

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (4.41%) Confluence
2 24 (2.64%) Apache Spark
3 23 (2.53%) Elasticsearch
4 20 (2.20%) Apache
5 16 (1.76%) nginx
6 9 (0.99%) Apache Airflow
7 7 (0.77%) WebLogic
8 5 (0.55%) Cloud Foundry
8 5 (0.55%) MS Exchange
8 5 (0.55%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 4 (0.44%) SharePoint
9 4 (0.44%) WebSphere
9 4 (0.44%) WebSphere Application Server
10 3 (0.33%) Apache Solr
10 3 (0.33%) DataSynapse
10 3 (0.33%) Drupal
10 3 (0.33%) IIS
10 3 (0.33%) JBoss
10 3 (0.33%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 3 (0.33%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.11%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 5 (0.55%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
2 2 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
2 2 (0.22%) R3 Corda
3 1 (0.11%) Cloudability
3 1 (0.11%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 480 (52.86%) Azure
2 472 (51.98%) AWS
3 168 (18.50%) PaaS
4 143 (15.75%) AWS CloudFormation
5 133 (14.65%) GCP
6 120 (13.22%) IaaS
7 109 (12.00%) GitHub
8 98 (10.79%) Amazon EKS
9 95 (10.46%) Serverless
10 62 (6.83%) AWS Lambda
11 46 (5.07%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 41 (4.52%) SaaS
13 37 (4.07%) OpenShift
14 34 (3.74%) Amazon ECS
15 33 (3.63%) Amazon S3
16 31 (3.41%) Azure Active Directory
17 30 (3.30%) Azure Data Factory
18 28 (3.08%) Amazon EC2
19 24 (2.64%) Azure Service Bus
20 23 (2.53%) Amazon GuardDuty
Communications & Networking
1 73 (8.04%) Firewall
2 26 (2.86%) VPN
3 21 (2.31%) DNS
4 18 (1.98%) WAN
5 13 (1.43%) HTTP
5 13 (1.43%) Network Security
6 12 (1.32%) LAN
7 11 (1.21%) TCP/IP
8 8 (0.88%) NAS
8 8 (0.88%) Reverse Proxy
8 8 (0.88%) Unified Communications
9 7 (0.77%) IPv4
10 6 (0.66%) SAN
10 6 (0.66%) SSL
11 5 (0.55%) Cisco Nexus
12 4 (0.44%) FCoE
12 4 (0.44%) Fibre Channel
12 4 (0.44%) iSCSI
12 4 (0.44%) OSPF
12 4 (0.44%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (4.85%) PostgreSQL
2 36 (3.96%) MongoDB
3 35 (3.85%) NoSQL
4 31 (3.41%) Amazon RDS
5 27 (2.97%) Relational Database
6 26 (2.86%) Hadoop
6 26 (2.86%) MySQL
7 23 (2.53%) Azure SQL Database
7 23 (2.53%) SQL Server
8 21 (2.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 20 (2.20%) Big Data
10 19 (2.09%) Data Warehouse
11 15 (1.65%) Data Lake
12 11 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
12 11 (1.21%) Redis
13 10 (1.10%) RDBMS
14 9 (0.99%) Power BI
15 7 (0.77%) BigQuery
15 7 (0.77%) HBase
15 7 (0.77%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 239 (26.32%) Jenkins
2 145 (15.97%) Git (software)
3 86 (9.47%) GitLab
4 64 (7.05%) JIRA
5 30 (3.30%) SonarQube
6 27 (2.97%) Visual Studio
7 24 (2.64%) Bitbucket
7 24 (2.64%) TeamCity
8 22 (2.42%) Selenium
9 21 (2.31%) git-flow
10 20 (2.20%) Maven
11 18 (1.98%) Artifactory
11 18 (1.98%) CircleCI
12 17 (1.87%) JUnit
13 16 (1.76%) Octopus Deploy
13 16 (1.76%) Sonatype Nexus
14 14 (1.54%) Travis CI
15 12 (1.32%) JMeter
15 12 (1.32%) ReSharper
16 11 (1.21%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 124 (13.66%) Public Sector
1 124 (13.66%) Social Skills
2 118 (13.00%) Finance
3 47 (5.18%) Telecoms
4 40 (4.41%) Marketing
5 33 (3.63%) Banking
5 33 (3.63%) Electronics
5 33 (3.63%) Manufacturing
6 23 (2.53%) Analytical Skills
7 20 (2.20%) Retail
8 10 (1.10%) Investment Banking
9 8 (0.88%) Influencing Skills
10 6 (0.66%) Front Office
10 6 (0.66%) iGaming
10 6 (0.66%) Law
10 6 (0.66%) Pharmaceutical
10 6 (0.66%) Presentation Skills
11 3 (0.33%) Games
12 2 (0.22%) Advertising
12 2 (0.22%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 306 (33.70%) DevOps Engineer
2 153 (16.85%) Azure Engineer
3 152 (16.74%) Architect
4 135 (14.87%) Cloud Engineer
5 117 (12.89%) AWS Engineer
6 78 (8.59%) Developer
7 73 (8.04%) AWS DevOps
8 68 (7.49%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 59 (6.50%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 58 (6.39%) Cloud Architect
11 55 (6.06%) Azure DevOps
12 54 (5.95%) Senior DevOps
12 54 (5.95%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 50 (5.51%) Azure Architect
14 44 (4.85%) Solutions Architect
15 41 (4.52%) Technical Architect
16 38 (4.19%) Platform Engineer
17 33 (3.63%) Security Engineer
18 30 (3.30%) Consultant
19 28 (3.08%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 101 (11.12%) .NET
2 80 (8.81%) Node.js
3 63 (6.94%) REST
4 62 (6.83%) Kafka
5 55 (6.06%) Web Services
6 39 (4.30%) Elastic Stack
6 39 (4.30%) React
7 37 (4.07%) JSON
8 30 (3.30%) .NET Core
9 29 (3.19%) YAML
10 26 (2.86%) Spring
11 24 (2.64%) .NET Framework
12 23 (2.53%) AngularJS
13 19 (2.09%) RESTful
13 19 (2.09%) XML
14 16 (1.76%) Spring Boot
15 14 (1.54%) HTML
15 14 (1.54%) SOAP
16 13 (1.43%) CSS
17 11 (1.21%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 90 (9.91%) Cloud Native
2 79 (8.70%) Public Cloud
3 26 (2.86%) Data Centre
4 21 (2.31%) Hybrid Cloud
4 21 (2.31%) Linux Command Line
5 17 (1.87%) Management Information System
6 14 (1.54%) Enterprise Cloud
7 13 (1.43%) Greenfield Project
8 12 (1.32%) Algorithms
9 11 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
10 10 (1.10%) Data Structures
11 9 (0.99%) PKI
11 9 (0.99%) User Experience
12 8 (0.88%) Private Cloud
13 6 (0.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 6 (0.66%) Hedge funds
13 6 (0.66%) Virtual Team
14 5 (0.55%) CMDB
15 4 (0.44%) Self-Motivation
15 4 (0.44%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 264 (29.07%) Linux
2 132 (14.54%) Windows
3 30 (3.30%) Unix
4 26 (2.86%) Windows Server
5 23 (2.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 18 (1.98%) CentOS
7 9 (0.99%) Solaris
8 6 (0.66%) Ubuntu
8 6 (0.66%) Windows Server 2012
9 3 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
9 3 (0.33%) Windows Server 2016
10 2 (0.22%) VMS
11 1 (0.11%) AIX
11 1 (0.11%) Amazon Linux
11 1 (0.11%) Android
11 1 (0.11%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.11%) DC/OS
11 1 (0.11%) Oracle Linux
11 1 (0.11%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 677 (74.56%) DevOps
2 245 (26.98%) Agile Software Development
3 188 (20.70%) Microservices
4 109 (12.00%) Configuration Management
5 106 (11.67%) Scrum
6 100 (11.01%) Continuous Integration
7 84 (9.25%) Test Automation
8 81 (8.92%) Site Reliability Engineering
8 81 (8.92%) Software Engineering
9 61 (6.72%) Open Source
10 56 (6.17%) Analytics
11 54 (5.95%) Migration
12 53 (5.84%) Business Intelligence
13 52 (5.73%) TDD
14 48 (5.29%) Continuous Delivery
14 48 (5.29%) Deployment Automation
15 46 (5.07%) Infrastructure Automation
15 46 (5.07%) Problem-Solving
16 44 (4.85%) Computer Science
17 42 (4.63%) Infrastructure Engineering
Programming Languages
1 351 (38.66%) Python
2 185 (20.37%) Java
3 160 (17.62%) PowerShell
4 143 (15.75%) Bash Shell
5 104 (11.45%) SQL
6 84 (9.25%) JavaScript
7 71 (7.82%) Go
8 63 (6.94%) C#
9 45 (4.96%) Ruby
10 40 (4.41%) TypeScript
11 37 (4.07%) Perl
12 28 (3.08%) Scala
13 23 (2.53%) Shell Script
14 18 (1.98%) C
15 16 (1.76%) C++
16 13 (1.43%) Groovy
17 12 (1.32%) PHP
18 7 (0.77%) Rust
19 6 (0.66%) Ada
20 3 (0.33%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 156 (17.18%) Security Cleared
2 120 (13.22%) SC Cleared
3 41 (4.52%) Degree
4 29 (3.19%) AWS Certification
5 23 (2.53%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (1.10%) DV Cleared
7 7 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.66%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 5 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
10 4 (0.44%) CCNA
10 4 (0.44%) CCNP
10 4 (0.44%) GIAC
10 4 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
10 4 (0.44%) RHCE
11 2 (0.22%) CISM
11 2 (0.22%) CISSP
12 1 (0.11%) BC Cleared
12 1 (0.11%) CEH
12 1 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
12 1 (0.11%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (3.19%) QA
2 13 (1.43%) NIST
3 5 (0.55%) GDPR
3 5 (0.55%) PCI DSS
4 3 (0.33%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.33%) SLA
5 2 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.11%) PMO
6 1 (0.11%) PSD2
6 1 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.11%) WCAG
System Software
1 300 (33.04%) Docker
2 46 (5.07%) Active Directory
3 39 (4.30%) VMware Infrastructure
4 36 (3.96%) Hyper-V
5 23 (2.53%) Virtual Machines
6 10 (1.10%) KVM
7 8 (0.88%) Microsoft App-V
8 4 (0.44%) NFS
8 4 (0.44%) Oracle RAC
8 4 (0.44%) SRDF
8 4 (0.44%) vSphere
8 4 (0.44%) Xen
9 3 (0.33%) LXC
9 3 (0.33%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.22%) VirtualBox
10 2 (0.22%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.11%) Varnish
11 1 (0.11%) XenApp
11 1 (0.11%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 633 (69.71%) Terraform
2 351 (38.66%) Kubernetes
3 281 (30.95%) Ansible
4 85 (9.36%) Puppet
5 79 (8.70%) Opscode Chef
6 76 (8.37%) Prometheus
7 55 (6.06%) Grafana
8 39 (4.30%) Istio
9 37 (4.07%) Rancher
10 30 (3.30%) Packer
11 26 (2.86%) Kibana
12 24 (2.64%) Consul
13 22 (2.42%) logstash
14 21 (2.31%) Fluentd
14 21 (2.31%) Nagios
15 13 (1.43%) SCCM
16 9 (0.99%) ZABBIX
17 8 (0.88%) Docker Swarm
17 8 (0.88%) Microsoft Intune
18 5 (0.55%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 137 (15.09%) Microsoft
2 90 (9.91%) Google
3 73 (8.04%) VMware
4 40 (4.41%) Oracle
4 40 (4.41%) Splunk
5 39 (4.30%) SAP
6 37 (4.07%) Red Hat
7 23 (2.53%) AppDynamics
8 21 (2.31%) Atlassian
9 18 (1.98%) Databricks
10 17 (1.87%) New Relic
11 16 (1.76%) IBM
12 13 (1.43%) Dell
13 12 (1.32%) Cisco
14 11 (1.21%) Dynatrace
14 11 (1.21%) NetApp
15 8 (0.88%) ServiceNow
16 7 (0.77%) Okta
17 6 (0.66%) EMC
17 6 (0.66%) MuleSoft