Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 27 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC, Infra as Code)
UK > England
6 months to
27 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 116 124 164
Rank change year-on-year +8 +40 +93
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,654 1,101 599
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.33% 2.16% 1.64%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.59% 2.42% 1.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,220 818 439
10th Percentile £463 £412 £413
25th Percentile £513 £470 £488
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £540 £550
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -1.82% -
75th Percentile £688 £625 £638
90th Percentile £775 £695 £714
UK median daily rate £586 £540 £550
% change year-on-year +8.43% -1.82% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 6 0
10th Percentile £75.55 £37.50 -
25th Percentile £75.63 £53.44 -
Median hourly rate £76.50 £60.00 -
Median % change year-on-year +27.50% - -
75th Percentile £77.25 £61.69 -
90th Percentile - £62.25 -
UK median hourly rate £76.25 £60.75 £60.00
% change year-on-year +25.51% +1.25% +50.00%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 63,753 45,403 31,838
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.75% 89.20% 87.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 45,463 31,303 21,660
10th Percentile £350 £313 £302
25th Percentile £443 £405 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £480
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +4.17% +1.05%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £588
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £545 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +8.95% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,564 1,346 849
10th Percentile £13.25 £11.88 £12.50
25th Percentile £16.49 £15.04 £15.85
Median hourly rate £27.73 £24.29 £22.61
Median % change year-on-year +14.19% +7.41% -1.70%
75th Percentile £53.75 £47.10 £45.91
90th Percentile £67.50 £59.45 £55.20
UK median hourly rate £29.00 £25.00 £22.85
% change year-on-year +16.00% +9.41% -0.65%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England over the 6 months to 27 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England.

Hourly rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the England region over the 6 months to 27 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +15 1,021 £601 +9.18% 276
North of England +11 181 £525 +5.00% 79
North West -16 104 £525 +5.00% 45
South East -70 79 £600 +14.29% 33
East of England +16 78 £600 +9.09% 32
Yorkshire +14 70 £525 +25.75% 26
South West +13 62 £594 +25.00% 33
Midlands -60 37 £525 +12.90% 39
West Midlands -49 32 £525 +10.53% 26
North East -6 11 £488 -21.37% 8
East Midlands -18 4 £440 +2.92% 13
Infrastructure as Code
UK

For the 6 months to 27 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 1,198 (72.43%) DevOps
2 1,157 (69.95%) Terraform
3 955 (57.74%) CI/CD
4 872 (52.72%) AWS
5 821 (49.64%) Azure
6 637 (38.51%) Python
7 620 (37.48%) Agile
8 580 (35.07%) Kubernetes
9 521 (31.50%) Docker
10 455 (27.51%) Jenkins
11 442 (26.72%) Ansible
12 405 (24.49%) Linux
13 359 (21.70%) Azure DevOps
14 345 (20.86%) Serverless
15 338 (20.44%) Finance
15 338 (20.44%) PowerShell
16 309 (18.68%) Security Cleared
17 308 (18.62%) Microsoft
18 279 (16.87%) SC Cleared
19 263 (15.90%) Java
20 260 (15.72%) AWS CloudFormation
21 248 (14.99%) Git (software)
22 235 (14.21%) GitHub
22 235 (14.21%) PaaS
23 231 (13.97%) GCP
24 227 (13.72%) Continuous Integration
25 215 (13.00%) GitLab
26 212 (12.82%) Bash
27 211 (12.76%) Windows
28 205 (12.39%) Social Skills

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (4.41%) Confluence
2 53 (3.20%) Apache Spark
3 23 (1.39%) SharePoint
4 19 (1.15%) nginx
5 16 (0.97%) Apache
6 13 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
7 12 (0.73%) IIS
8 11 (0.67%) CMS
9 9 (0.54%) Apache Airflow
10 8 (0.48%) OpenStack
11 7 (0.42%) Sitecore CMS
12 6 (0.36%) GeoServer
13 5 (0.30%) Tomcat
14 4 (0.24%) Apache Solr
14 4 (0.24%) NServiceBus
15 3 (0.18%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 3 (0.18%) Drupal
16 2 (0.12%) GlassFish
16 2 (0.12%) MS Exchange
16 2 (0.12%) WebLogic
Applications
1 15 (0.91%) Microsoft Excel
1 15 (0.91%) MS Visio
2 14 (0.85%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.060%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.060%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 2 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (0.12%) R3 Corda
1 2 (0.12%) Temenos T24
2 1 (0.060%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.060%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.060%) SAP IS-U
2 1 (0.060%) SAP S/4HANA
2 1 (0.060%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 872 (52.72%) AWS
2 821 (49.64%) Azure
3 359 (21.70%) Azure DevOps
4 345 (20.86%) Serverless
5 260 (15.72%) AWS CloudFormation
6 235 (14.21%) GitHub
6 235 (14.21%) PaaS
7 231 (13.97%) GCP
8 199 (12.03%) AWS Lambda
9 194 (11.73%) IaaS
10 144 (8.71%) Amazon EC2
11 126 (7.62%) Amazon S3
12 118 (7.13%) SaaS
13 110 (6.65%) Amazon ECS
14 105 (6.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 91 (5.50%) Azure AKS
16 86 (5.20%) Amazon EKS
17 80 (4.84%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 76 (4.59%) OpenShift
19 65 (3.93%) AWS CodePipeline
Communications & Networking
1 91 (5.50%) DNS
2 78 (4.72%) Firewall
3 57 (3.45%) VPN
4 42 (2.54%) DHCP
5 26 (1.57%) TCP/IP
5 26 (1.57%) WAN
6 25 (1.51%) Network Security
6 25 (1.51%) SAN
7 24 (1.45%) NAS
8 22 (1.33%) HTTP
9 16 (0.97%) SD-WAN
9 16 (0.97%) VLAN
10 14 (0.85%) Internet
10 14 (0.85%) SSL
11 13 (0.79%) ATM
12 10 (0.60%) Cisco ASA
12 10 (0.60%) Wireless
13 9 (0.54%) SSH
14 8 (0.48%) LAN
14 8 (0.48%) NGN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 107 (6.47%) Amazon RDS
2 105 (6.35%) SQL Server
3 84 (5.08%) PostgreSQL
4 67 (4.05%) Relational Database
5 57 (3.45%) Elasticsearch
6 49 (2.96%) NoSQL
7 45 (2.72%) MongoDB
8 41 (2.48%) DynamoDB
9 38 (2.30%) Big Data
10 35 (2.12%) Data Lake
10 35 (2.12%) Power BI
11 29 (1.75%) Data Warehouse
11 29 (1.75%) MySQL
12 27 (1.63%) Azure SQL Database
13 26 (1.57%) Amazon Redshift
14 24 (1.45%) Amazon Athena
15 23 (1.39%) DB2
16 20 (1.21%) Hadoop
17 19 (1.15%) Amazon Aurora
17 19 (1.15%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 455 (27.51%) Jenkins
2 248 (14.99%) Git (software)
3 215 (13.00%) GitLab
4 147 (8.89%) JIRA
5 94 (5.68%) TeamCity
6 69 (4.17%) CircleCI
7 55 (3.33%) Maven
8 47 (2.84%) Artifactory
8 47 (2.84%) SonarQube
9 44 (2.66%) Gradle
10 35 (2.12%) Subversion
11 32 (1.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 28 (1.69%) Visual Studio
13 27 (1.63%) git-flow
14 23 (1.39%) Octopus Deploy
15 21 (1.27%) Cucumber
16 20 (1.21%) Bitbucket
17 18 (1.09%) Sonatype Nexus
18 17 (1.03%) Selenium
19 16 (0.97%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 338 (20.44%) Finance
2 205 (12.39%) Social Skills
3 164 (9.92%) Public Sector
4 112 (6.77%) Analytical Skills
5 105 (6.35%) Banking
6 37 (2.24%) Telecoms
7 29 (1.75%) Legal
8 27 (1.63%) Marketing
9 26 (1.57%) Retail
10 25 (1.51%) Manufacturing
11 24 (1.45%) Financial Institution
12 23 (1.39%) Electronics
12 23 (1.39%) Influencing Skills
13 20 (1.21%) Documentation Skills
13 20 (1.21%) Presentation Skills
14 18 (1.09%) Pharmaceutical
14 18 (1.09%) Publishing
15 17 (1.03%) Law
16 12 (0.73%) Tech for Good
17 11 (0.67%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 598 (36.15%) DevOps Engineer
2 292 (17.65%) AWS Engineer
3 228 (13.78%) Azure Engineer
4 213 (12.88%) AWS DevOps
5 204 (12.33%) Architect
6 201 (12.15%) Cloud Engineer
7 198 (11.97%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 135 (8.16%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 132 (7.98%) Developer
10 118 (7.13%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 72 (4.35%) Platform Engineer
11 72 (4.35%) Senior DevOps
12 69 (4.17%) Cloud Architect
13 63 (3.81%) Lead DevOps
14 59 (3.57%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 54 (3.26%) Data Engineer
15 54 (3.26%) Solutions Architect
16 47 (2.84%) Site Reliability Engineer
17 46 (2.78%) Azure Architect
18 43 (2.60%) Lead DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 119 (7.19%) Kafka
2 111 (6.71%) .NET
3 81 (4.90%) ARM Templates
4 78 (4.72%) Node.js
5 76 (4.59%) Elastic Stack
6 68 (4.11%) React
7 57 (3.45%) YAML
8 55 (3.33%) JSON
8 55 (3.33%) RESTful
9 50 (3.02%) Spring
10 49 (2.96%) REST
11 48 (2.90%) HTML
12 43 (2.60%) CSS
13 34 (2.06%) Spring Boot
14 33 (2.00%) .NET Core
15 31 (1.87%) OAuth
16 28 (1.69%) ASP.NET
17 26 (1.57%) Apache Camel
18 23 (1.39%) RabbitMQ
19 21 (1.27%) OAuth2
Miscellaneous
1 204 (12.33%) Public Cloud
2 168 (10.16%) Cloud Native
3 75 (4.53%) Hybrid Cloud
4 67 (4.05%) Data Protection Act
5 53 (3.20%) Linux Command Line
6 50 (3.02%) Greenfield Project
7 47 (2.84%) Data Centre
8 43 (2.60%) Replication
9 31 (1.87%) Enterprise Software
10 27 (1.63%) Private Cloud
11 25 (1.51%) Legacy Systems
12 24 (1.45%) Clustering
12 24 (1.45%) PKI
13 23 (1.39%) Self-Motivation
14 22 (1.33%) Analytical Mindset
15 21 (1.27%) User Experience
16 17 (1.03%) Hedge funds
17 15 (0.91%) Management Information System
18 13 (0.79%) Mobile App
19 9 (0.54%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 405 (24.49%) Linux
2 211 (12.76%) Windows
3 72 (4.35%) Unix
4 54 (3.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 39 (2.36%) Windows Server
6 16 (0.97%) VMS
7 15 (0.91%) CentOS
8 12 (0.73%) Windows Server 2019
9 10 (0.60%) Android
9 10 (0.60%) Ubuntu
10 9 (0.54%) Windows Server 2016
11 8 (0.48%) Apple iOS
12 7 (0.42%) Oracle Linux
13 6 (0.36%) Windows Server 2008
14 4 (0.24%) Alpine Linux
15 3 (0.18%) Amazon Linux
15 3 (0.18%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.18%) Solaris
16 2 (0.12%) SUSE
16 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,198 (72.43%) DevOps
2 955 (57.74%) CI/CD
3 620 (37.48%) Agile
4 227 (13.72%) Continuous Integration
5 197 (11.91%) Test Automation
6 194 (11.73%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 190 (11.49%) Software Engineering
8 184 (11.12%) Microservices
9 179 (10.82%) Migration
10 171 (10.34%) Configuration Management
11 164 (9.92%) Scrum
12 156 (9.43%) Platform Engineering
13 140 (8.46%) Continuous Delivery
14 139 (8.40%) Problem-Solving
15 118 (7.13%) Site Reliability Engineering
16 109 (6.59%) Open Source
17 97 (5.86%) Deployment Automation
17 97 (5.86%) SDLC
18 95 (5.74%) Data Protection
19 88 (5.32%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 637 (38.51%) Python
2 338 (20.44%) PowerShell
3 263 (15.90%) Java
4 212 (12.82%) Bash
5 180 (10.88%) SQL
6 166 (10.04%) JavaScript
7 138 (8.34%) Go
8 126 (7.62%) C#
9 90 (5.44%) Ruby
10 50 (3.02%) C++
11 47 (2.84%) C
12 46 (2.78%) Scala
13 42 (2.54%) Shell Script
14 41 (2.48%) TypeScript
15 37 (2.24%) Perl
16 28 (1.69%) Groovy
17 15 (0.91%) VBScript
18 13 (0.79%) T-SQL
19 12 (0.73%) Bicep
20 11 (0.67%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 309 (18.68%) Security Cleared
2 279 (16.87%) SC Cleared
3 79 (4.78%) AWS Certification
4 69 (4.17%) Degree
5 25 (1.51%) Computer Science Degree
5 25 (1.51%) Microsoft Certification
6 17 (1.03%) PhD
7 15 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
7 15 (0.91%) DV Cleared
8 12 (0.73%) RHCE
9 11 (0.67%) CISSP
9 11 (0.67%) MCSE
10 10 (0.60%) TOGAF Certification
11 9 (0.54%) Cisco Certification
11 9 (0.54%) ITIL Certification
12 6 (0.36%) Master's Degree
13 5 (0.30%) CCNP
14 4 (0.24%) HND
15 3 (0.18%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 3 (0.18%) CCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (2.00%) QA
2 19 (1.15%) GDPR
3 16 (0.97%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 15 (0.91%) Accessibility
5 10 (0.60%) SLA
6 6 (0.36%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 5 (0.30%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.24%) NCSC
8 4 (0.24%) NIST
8 4 (0.24%) PMO
9 3 (0.18%) GLBA
10 2 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
10 2 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 2 (0.12%) ISO 22301
10 2 (0.12%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.060%) Data Quality
11 1 (0.060%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.060%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.060%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 521 (31.50%) Docker
2 80 (4.84%) VMware Infrastructure
3 70 (4.23%) Active Directory
4 45 (2.72%) Virtual Machines
5 39 (2.36%) Hyper-V
6 23 (1.39%) Veritas Volume Manager
7 22 (1.33%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 19 (1.15%) vSphere
9 10 (0.60%) VMware ESXi
10 8 (0.48%) Ceph
10 8 (0.48%) KVM
10 8 (0.48%) oVirt
11 7 (0.42%) VirtualBox
12 6 (0.36%) NFS
13 5 (0.30%) VMware NSX
14 4 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 3 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
16 2 (0.12%) BitLocker
16 2 (0.12%) Squid
16 2 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,157 (69.95%) Terraform
2 580 (35.07%) Kubernetes
3 442 (26.72%) Ansible
4 200 (12.09%) Puppet
5 97 (5.86%) Opscode Chef
5 97 (5.86%) Prometheus
6 95 (5.74%) Grafana
7 45 (2.72%) Packer
8 28 (1.69%) Kibana
9 27 (1.63%) Istio
10 15 (0.91%) Microsoft Intune
10 15 (0.91%) SCCM
11 12 (0.73%) logstash
11 12 (0.73%) Nagios
11 12 (0.73%) vRealize
12 10 (0.60%) Rancher
12 10 (0.60%) Single Sign-On
13 9 (0.54%) Salt
14 8 (0.48%) FortiGate
15 7 (0.42%) Icinga
Vendors
1 308 (18.62%) Microsoft
2 102 (6.17%) VMware
3 100 (6.05%) Google
4 57 (3.45%) Red Hat
5 52 (3.14%) Oracle
6 51 (3.08%) Atlassian
7 48 (2.90%) Cisco
8 46 (2.78%) Splunk
9 43 (2.60%) Databricks
10 36 (2.18%) Citrix
11 33 (2.00%) SAP
12 29 (1.75%) ServiceNow
13 25 (1.51%) AppDynamics
13 25 (1.51%) NetApp
14 23 (1.39%) Sybase
15 22 (1.33%) Veritas
16 20 (1.21%) Palo Alto
17 19 (1.15%) IBM
17 19 (1.15%) New Relic
18 18 (1.09%) Dell