Period
to 21 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 21 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 209 276 510
Rank change year-on-year +67 +234 +43
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 976 919 394
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.29% 0.97% 0.42%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.49% 1.11% 0.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 689 644 259
England median daily rate £575 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
10th Percentile £425 £413 £408
90th Percentile £713 £663 £675
UK median daily rate £575 £550 £525
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 0 1
England median hourly rate £35.00 - £45.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - £45.00

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 65,416 82,756 81,904
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.20% 86.97% 86.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 43,321 55,454 54,993
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,006 2,112 1,946
England median hourly rate £23.69 £22.00 £23.14
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.67% -4.93% +0.61%
10th Percentile £11.88 £11.41 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £22.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year +6.82% -4.35% +2.22%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the England region over the 6 months to 21 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +64 562 £600 +9.09% 141
South East +84 128 £550 +4.27% 43
North of England +10 121 £550 +6.02% 26
South West +52 99 £600 +20.00% 20
North West +53 72 £550 +10.00% 18
Yorkshire +11 45 £550 +4.76% 4
Midlands +14 33 £545 +8.95% 21
East of England +35 30 £525 -2.33% 29
West Midlands +23 25 £599 +15.19% 17
East Midlands +15 8 £325 -18.80% 4
North East -22 4 £600 +20.00% 4
Infrastructure as Code
UK

For the 6 months to 21 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 816 (83.61%) DevOps
2 611 (62.60%) Terraform
3 571 (58.50%) AWS
4 466 (47.75%) Agile Software Development
5 452 (46.31%) Azure
6 425 (43.55%) Ansible
7 403 (41.29%) Kubernetes
8 368 (37.70%) Python
9 344 (35.25%) Docker
10 321 (32.89%) Jenkins
11 302 (30.94%) Linux
12 258 (26.43%) Continuous Integration
13 219 (22.44%) Configuration Management
14 214 (21.93%) Opscode Chef
15 211 (21.62%) Git (software)
16 202 (20.70%) Puppet
17 182 (18.65%) Java
18 179 (18.34%) Finance
18 179 (18.34%) AWS CloudFormation
19 176 (18.03%) Bash Shell
19 176 (18.03%) PowerShell
20 158 (16.19%) Microservices
21 153 (15.68%) GCP
22 152 (15.57%) Security Cleared
23 141 (14.45%) Ruby
24 140 (14.34%) SQL
25 138 (14.14%) Microsoft
26 133 (13.63%) Migration
27 131 (13.42%) Scrum
27 131 (13.42%) PaaS

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (4.10%) Elasticsearch
2 34 (3.48%) Confluence
3 22 (2.25%) Apache
4 17 (1.74%) OpenStack
5 15 (1.54%) Apache Spark
6 12 (1.23%) Cloud Foundry
7 11 (1.13%) IIS
7 11 (1.13%) Tomcat
8 9 (0.92%) JBoss
9 8 (0.82%) nginx
10 7 (0.72%) SharePoint
10 7 (0.72%) WebLogic
11 6 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 5 (0.51%) Apache Airflow
12 5 (0.51%) MS Exchange
13 4 (0.41%) Apache Pig
13 4 (0.41%) Exchange Server 2010
13 4 (0.41%) Exchange Server 2013
13 4 (0.41%) Oracle HTTP Server
14 3 (0.31%) SAS
Business Applications
1 7 (0.72%) thinkFolio
2 5 (0.51%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.41%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.20%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.10%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 571 (58.50%) AWS
2 452 (46.31%) Azure
3 179 (18.34%) AWS CloudFormation
4 153 (15.68%) GCP
5 131 (13.42%) PaaS
6 97 (9.94%) IaaS
7 85 (8.71%) OpenShift
8 80 (8.20%) Serverless
9 73 (7.48%) GitHub
10 66 (6.76%) Amazon S3
11 59 (6.05%) Amazon EC2
12 55 (5.64%) AWS Lambda
13 54 (5.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 44 (4.51%) Azure Active Directory
14 44 (4.51%) Power Platform
15 40 (4.10%) Datadog
16 33 (3.38%) SaaS
17 31 (3.18%) Cloud Computing
18 28 (2.87%) Route 53
19 24 (2.46%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 71 (7.27%) Firewall
2 37 (3.79%) DNS
2 37 (3.79%) VPN
3 29 (2.97%) TCP/IP
4 19 (1.95%) HTTP
5 16 (1.64%) SSL
6 15 (1.54%) DHCP
6 15 (1.54%) WAN
7 12 (1.23%) Network Security
7 12 (1.23%) SAN
8 9 (0.92%) NAS
9 8 (0.82%) BGP
9 8 (0.82%) Intrusion Detection
10 6 (0.61%) Cisco ASA
10 6 (0.61%) OSPF
11 5 (0.51%) Internet
11 5 (0.51%) VLAN
12 4 (0.41%) Cisco IOS
12 4 (0.41%) LAN
12 4 (0.41%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 101 (10.35%) Big Data
2 53 (5.43%) Data Lake
3 46 (4.71%) SQL Server
4 45 (4.61%) NoSQL
5 44 (4.51%) Power BI
6 40 (4.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 39 (4.00%) Amazon RDS
8 36 (3.69%) MySQL
9 28 (2.87%) Redis
10 25 (2.56%) Relational Database
11 22 (2.25%) Data Warehouse
12 20 (2.05%) Apache Cassandra
12 20 (2.05%) PostgreSQL
13 19 (1.95%) Hadoop
13 19 (1.95%) HDInsight
13 19 (1.95%) MongoDB
14 14 (1.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 13 (1.33%) Amazon Redshift
15 13 (1.33%) Azure SQL Database
16 12 (1.23%) InfluxDB
Development Applications
1 321 (32.89%) Jenkins
2 211 (21.62%) Git (software)
3 83 (8.50%) JIRA
4 75 (7.68%) Visual Studio Team System
5 46 (4.71%) Sonatype Nexus
6 42 (4.30%) Visual Studio
7 36 (3.69%) CircleCI
8 35 (3.59%) Bitbucket
9 33 (3.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 33 (3.38%) Vagrant
10 32 (3.28%) GitLab
11 27 (2.77%) Team Foundation Server
12 20 (2.05%) Subversion
13 18 (1.84%) SonarQube
14 16 (1.64%) Artifactory
15 15 (1.54%) TeamCity
16 14 (1.43%) Octopus Deploy
17 13 (1.33%) Maven
17 13 (1.33%) Travis CI
18 11 (1.13%) JUnit
General
1 179 (18.34%) Finance
2 56 (5.74%) Public Sector
3 53 (5.43%) Banking
4 16 (1.64%) Telecoms
5 15 (1.54%) Law
5 15 (1.54%) Legal
6 12 (1.23%) Publishing
7 11 (1.13%) Retail
8 9 (0.92%) Financial Institution
9 6 (0.61%) Investment Banking
10 5 (0.51%) Billing
11 2 (0.20%) Automotive
11 2 (0.20%) Front Office
11 2 (0.20%) Games
11 2 (0.20%) Manufacturing
11 2 (0.20%) Marketing
11 2 (0.20%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.10%) Corporate Banking
12 1 (0.10%) Electronics
12 1 (0.10%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 503 (51.54%) DevOps Engineer
2 152 (15.57%) Cloud Engineer
3 151 (15.47%) AWS Engineer
4 119 (12.19%) Azure Engineer
5 109 (11.17%) AWS DevOps
6 103 (10.55%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 103 (10.55%) Azure DevOps
7 81 (8.30%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 80 (8.20%) Architect
8 80 (8.20%) Senior DevOps
9 71 (7.27%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 70 (7.17%) Kubernetes Engineer
11 51 (5.23%) Developer
12 47 (4.82%) Platform Engineer
13 37 (3.79%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 36 (3.69%) Lead DevOps
15 35 (3.59%) Python Engineer
16 33 (3.38%) Site Reliability Engineer
17 31 (3.18%) Consultant
18 30 (3.07%) DevSecOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 86 (8.81%) Web Services
2 85 (8.71%) .NET
3 70 (7.17%) Node.js
4 61 (6.25%) JSON
5 49 (5.02%) Kafka
6 25 (2.56%) REST
7 21 (2.15%) Elastic Stack
7 21 (2.15%) XML
8 19 (1.95%) Swagger
9 18 (1.84%) Spring
10 17 (1.74%) Ruby on Rails
11 16 (1.64%) .NET Core
12 15 (1.54%) Django
13 14 (1.43%) RESTful
14 13 (1.33%) .NET Framework
14 13 (1.33%) Flask
14 13 (1.33%) Middleware
14 13 (1.33%) React
14 13 (1.33%) Vue.js
15 12 (1.23%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 75 (7.68%) Public Cloud
2 64 (6.56%) Data Centre
3 57 (5.84%) Greenfield Project
4 46 (4.71%) Linux Command Line
5 44 (4.51%) Cloud Native
6 24 (2.46%) Analytical Skills
7 23 (2.36%) Hybrid Cloud
8 18 (1.84%) Mobile App
8 18 (1.84%) Self-Motivation
9 17 (1.74%) Clustering
10 14 (1.43%) Derivative
11 13 (1.33%) Virtual Team
12 12 (1.23%) Replication
13 11 (1.13%) Wiki
14 10 (1.02%) Private Cloud
15 9 (0.92%) Equities
16 8 (0.82%) Data Structures
16 8 (0.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 7 (0.72%) Enterprise Software
17 7 (0.72%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 302 (30.94%) Linux
2 98 (10.04%) Windows
3 97 (9.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 45 (4.61%) Unix
5 38 (3.89%) CentOS
6 28 (2.87%) Windows Server
7 22 (2.25%) Ubuntu
8 16 (1.64%) Android
8 16 (1.64%) Windows Server 2008
9 15 (1.54%) Apple iOS
10 10 (1.02%) Windows Server 2012
11 8 (0.82%) Debian
11 8 (0.82%) Solaris
11 8 (0.82%) Windows 10
12 7 (0.72%) VMS
13 3 (0.31%) DC/OS
13 3 (0.31%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 3 (0.31%) Windows Server 2003
13 3 (0.31%) zOS
14 2 (0.20%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 816 (83.61%) DevOps
2 466 (47.75%) Agile Software Development
3 258 (26.43%) Continuous Integration
4 219 (22.44%) Configuration Management
5 158 (16.19%) Microservices
6 133 (13.63%) Migration
7 131 (13.42%) Scrum
8 112 (11.48%) Analytics
9 99 (10.14%) Test Automation
10 93 (9.53%) Continuous Delivery
11 86 (8.81%) Kanban
12 79 (8.09%) Open Source
12 79 (8.09%) Site Reliability Engineering
13 77 (7.89%) DevSecOps
14 73 (7.48%) Problem-Solving
14 73 (7.48%) Software Engineering
15 62 (6.35%) High Availability
15 62 (6.35%) TDD
16 56 (5.74%) ITIL
17 52 (5.33%) Disaster Recovery
Programming Languages
1 368 (37.70%) Python
2 182 (18.65%) Java
3 176 (18.03%) Bash Shell
3 176 (18.03%) PowerShell
4 141 (14.45%) Ruby
5 140 (14.34%) SQL
6 91 (9.32%) Go
6 91 (9.32%) JavaScript
7 50 (5.12%) Shell Script
8 34 (3.48%) C#
9 33 (3.38%) Perl
10 24 (2.46%) Groovy
11 21 (2.15%) Scala
12 17 (1.74%) PHP
13 10 (1.02%) C
14 8 (0.82%) TypeScript
15 5 (0.51%) Kotlin
16 4 (0.41%) PL/SQL
17 3 (0.31%) C++
17 3 (0.31%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 152 (15.57%) Security Cleared
2 96 (9.84%) SC Cleared
3 48 (4.92%) Degree
4 28 (2.87%) AWS Certification
5 23 (2.36%) Microsoft Certification
6 13 (1.33%) Computer Science Degree
7 11 (1.13%) MCSA
7 11 (1.13%) RHCE
8 10 (1.02%) BPSS Clearance
8 10 (1.02%) DV Cleared
9 8 (0.82%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.31%) CISSP
10 3 (0.31%) RHCSA
11 2 (0.20%) CCNA
11 2 (0.20%) CCNP
11 2 (0.20%) CCSP
11 2 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
11 2 (0.20%) OCPJP
11 2 (0.20%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (3.89%) QA
2 10 (1.02%) SLA
3 7 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.51%) GDPR
4 5 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 17025
5 3 (0.31%) NCSC
5 3 (0.31%) NIST
6 2 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.20%) HIPAA
6 2 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.10%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.10%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 344 (35.25%) Docker
2 50 (5.12%) Active Directory
3 42 (4.30%) VMware Infrastructure
4 38 (3.89%) Virtual Machines
5 17 (1.74%) Hyper-V
6 6 (0.61%) vSphere
7 5 (0.51%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 5 (0.51%) Gluster
8 4 (0.41%) HDFS
8 4 (0.41%) NFS
9 3 (0.31%) vCloud
9 3 (0.31%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.20%) DFS Replication
10 2 (0.20%) Microsoft App-V
10 2 (0.20%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 2 (0.20%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 2 (0.20%) VirtualBox
10 2 (0.20%) XenApp
11 1 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.10%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 611 (62.60%) Terraform
2 425 (43.55%) Ansible
3 403 (41.29%) Kubernetes
4 214 (21.93%) Opscode Chef
5 202 (20.70%) Puppet
6 62 (6.35%) Prometheus
7 49 (5.02%) Grafana
8 48 (4.92%) Packer
9 35 (3.59%) Consul
10 29 (2.97%) Salt
11 27 (2.77%) Kibana
12 26 (2.66%) Nagios
13 18 (1.84%) Docker Swarm
14 15 (1.54%) Single Sign-On
15 14 (1.43%) logstash
16 13 (1.33%) Graphite
16 13 (1.33%) ZABBIX
17 9 (0.92%) SCCM
18 6 (0.61%) Cobbler
18 6 (0.61%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 138 (14.14%) Microsoft
2 80 (8.20%) Google
3 74 (7.58%) Red Hat
4 47 (4.82%) VMware
5 39 (4.00%) Oracle
6 33 (3.38%) Splunk
7 18 (1.84%) HP
8 16 (1.64%) Dell
9 15 (1.54%) Atlassian
9 15 (1.54%) Databricks
10 12 (1.23%) Cisco
10 12 (1.23%) EMC
11 11 (1.13%) IBM
11 11 (1.13%) ServiceNow
12 10 (1.02%) Citrix
13 9 (0.92%) SaltStack
14 8 (0.82%) CheckPoint
14 8 (0.82%) New Relic
14 8 (0.82%) Palo Alto
15 7 (0.72%) NetApp