Period
to 1 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 1 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK > England
6 months to
1 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 140 218 284
Rank change year-on-year +78 +66 +204
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 577 933 906
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.85% 1.26% 0.97%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.14% 1.46% 1.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 481 694 647
Median daily rate £520 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -9.57% +4.55% +4.76%
10th Percentile £406 £425 £413
90th Percentile £663 £713 £663
UK median daily rate £525 £575 £550
% change year-on-year -8.70% +4.55% +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 4 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 26,915 63,907 81,741
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.14% 86.35% 87.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,227 42,199 54,805
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £670 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £463
% change year-on-year - +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,036 1,984 2,109
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.75 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +47.37% +7.95% -4.79%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.97 £11.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £50.55
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.50 £22.00
% change year-on-year +48.94% +6.82% -4.35%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England over the 6 months to 1 December 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England.

Hourly rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in England over the 6 months to 1 December 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in England

Infrastructure as Code
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the England region over the 6 months to 1 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +25 297 £550 -8.33% 157
North of England +105 114 £485 -11.82% 84
North West +89 87 £485 -11.82% 44
South East +102 73 £510 -5.56% 39
South West +47 25 £413 -31.25% 29
Midlands +57 20 £405 -25.00% 30
Yorkshire +31 16 £500 -9.09% 36
West Midlands +49 12 £473 -20.45% 15
East of England +60 11 £550 +4.76% 27
North East +42 10 £515 -14.17% 4
East Midlands +42 6 £405 +24.62% 13
Infrastructure as Code
UK

For the 6 months to 1 December 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 448 (77.64%) DevOps
2 392 (67.94%) Terraform
3 312 (54.07%) AWS
4 282 (48.87%) Kubernetes
5 244 (42.29%) Ansible
6 234 (40.55%) Azure
7 218 (37.78%) Docker
8 217 (37.61%) Agile Software Development
9 215 (37.26%) Python
10 204 (35.36%) Linux
11 187 (32.41%) Jenkins
12 143 (24.78%) Microservices
13 138 (23.92%) Git (software)
14 130 (22.53%) Windows
15 128 (22.18%) Bash Shell
16 121 (20.97%) PowerShell
16 121 (20.97%) Continuous Integration
16 121 (20.97%) Java
17 115 (19.93%) Serverless
18 112 (19.41%) GitLab
18 112 (19.41%) Security Cleared
19 111 (19.24%) AWS CloudFormation
20 107 (18.54%) Configuration Management
21 100 (17.33%) Opscode Chef
22 97 (16.81%) SC Cleared
23 95 (16.46%) GitHub
24 93 (16.12%) Puppet
25 82 (14.21%) Finance
26 76 (13.17%) Continuous Delivery
27 75 (13.00%) REST

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (3.29%) Confluence
2 16 (2.77%) Apache
3 14 (2.43%) nginx
4 13 (2.25%) Elasticsearch
5 10 (1.73%) Tomcat
6 7 (1.21%) WebLogic
7 6 (1.04%) JBoss
8 5 (0.87%) SharePoint
9 4 (0.69%) IIS
10 3 (0.52%) Apache Airflow
10 3 (0.52%) Apache Spark
10 3 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
11 2 (0.35%) Ethereum
11 2 (0.35%) OpenStack
12 1 (0.17%) CMS
12 1 (0.17%) Drupal
12 1 (0.17%) Jupyter
12 1 (0.17%) OpenWhisk
12 1 (0.17%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 1 (0.17%) Chatbot
1 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.17%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (0.17%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 312 (54.07%) AWS
2 234 (40.55%) Azure
3 115 (19.93%) Serverless
4 111 (19.24%) AWS CloudFormation
5 95 (16.46%) GitHub
6 71 (12.31%) PaaS
7 67 (11.61%) AWS Lambda
8 63 (10.92%) Amazon EKS
9 62 (10.75%) GCP
10 48 (8.32%) IaaS
11 40 (6.93%) Amazon EC2
12 38 (6.59%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 36 (6.24%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 32 (5.55%) Amazon S3
15 31 (5.37%) AWS CloudTrail
16 26 (4.51%) Amazon ECS
16 26 (4.51%) OpenShift
17 20 (3.47%) Cloud Computing
18 18 (3.12%) Azure Active Directory
19 17 (2.95%) Coveralls
Communications & Networking
1 71 (12.31%) Firewall
2 32 (5.55%) Reverse Proxy
3 27 (4.68%) DNS
4 25 (4.33%) VLAN
5 24 (4.16%) VPN
6 15 (2.60%) HTTP
7 14 (2.43%) SNMP
8 11 (1.91%) Network Security
8 11 (1.91%) WAN
9 9 (1.56%) Cisco ASA
9 9 (1.56%) Kerberos
10 8 (1.39%) AMQP
11 7 (1.21%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
11 7 (1.21%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
11 7 (1.21%) TCP/IP
12 6 (1.04%) Internet
13 3 (0.52%) Cisco IOS
13 3 (0.52%) HTTPS
13 3 (0.52%) SSL
13 3 (0.52%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (6.07%) Relational Database
2 31 (5.37%) PostgreSQL
3 29 (5.03%) NoSQL
4 22 (3.81%) MySQL
4 22 (3.81%) RDBMS
5 20 (3.47%) Big Data
5 20 (3.47%) Cosmos DB
5 20 (3.47%) SQL Server
6 18 (3.12%) MongoDB
7 15 (2.60%) Amazon RDS
8 12 (2.08%) Hadoop
9 10 (1.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 10 (1.73%) Azure SQL Database
10 8 (1.39%) Blockchain
10 8 (1.39%) Redis
11 7 (1.21%) Amazon Aurora
12 6 (1.04%) MariaDB
13 5 (0.87%) Apache Cassandra
13 5 (0.87%) Apache Hive
14 4 (0.69%) Sybase ASE
Development Applications
1 187 (32.41%) Jenkins
2 138 (23.92%) Git (software)
3 112 (19.41%) GitLab
4 52 (9.01%) JIRA
5 44 (7.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 34 (5.89%) TeamCity
7 32 (5.55%) SonarQube
8 27 (4.68%) Artifactory
9 26 (4.51%) Bitbucket
10 21 (3.64%) Selenium
11 19 (3.29%) JUnit
12 17 (2.95%) Octopus Deploy
13 15 (2.60%) Maven
14 14 (2.43%) Gradle
15 13 (2.25%) Subversion
16 11 (1.91%) ReSharper
17 9 (1.56%) Bitbucket Server
17 9 (1.56%) Sonatype Nexus
18 8 (1.39%) Visual Studio Team System
19 7 (1.21%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 82 (14.21%) Finance
2 54 (9.36%) Public Sector
3 38 (6.59%) Banking
4 23 (3.99%) Telecoms
5 22 (3.81%) Marketing
6 16 (2.77%) Electronics
6 16 (2.77%) Manufacturing
7 15 (2.60%) Retail
8 8 (1.39%) Law
9 5 (0.87%) German Language
9 5 (0.87%) Local Government
10 4 (0.69%) Games
10 4 (0.69%) Retail Finance
11 3 (0.52%) Advertising
11 3 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.52%) Publishing
12 1 (0.17%) Financial Institution
12 1 (0.17%) Front Office
12 1 (0.17%) International Banking
12 1 (0.17%) Portuguese Language
Job Titles
1 251 (43.50%) DevOps Engineer
2 85 (14.73%) AWS Engineer
3 75 (13.00%) Azure Engineer
4 64 (11.09%) Cloud Engineer
4 64 (11.09%) Developer
5 58 (10.05%) Architect
6 52 (9.01%) AWS DevOps
7 50 (8.67%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 49 (8.49%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 42 (7.28%) Senior DevOps
10 39 (6.76%) Azure DevOps
10 39 (6.76%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 22 (3.81%) AWS Architect
12 21 (3.64%) Consultant
13 18 (3.12%) Platform Engineer
13 18 (3.12%) Site Reliability Engineer
14 17 (2.95%) Site Engineer
15 16 (2.77%) Azure Architect
15 16 (2.77%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 15 (2.60%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 75 (13.00%) REST
2 71 (12.31%) Node.js
3 51 (8.84%) Kafka
4 47 (8.15%) .NET
5 41 (7.11%) RESTful
6 36 (6.24%) Elastic Stack
7 26 (4.51%) Web Services
8 25 (4.33%) SOAP
9 19 (3.29%) HTML
10 18 (3.12%) .NET Framework
10 18 (3.12%) YAML
11 17 (2.95%) AngularJS
12 16 (2.77%) CSS
12 16 (2.77%) Spring
12 16 (2.77%) Swagger
13 15 (2.60%) .NET Core
13 15 (2.60%) GraphQL
14 14 (2.43%) gRPC
15 13 (2.25%) Django
15 13 (2.25%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 32 (5.55%) Cloud Native
2 22 (3.81%) Public Cloud
3 21 (3.64%) Greenfield Project
4 20 (3.47%) Analytical Skills
5 19 (3.29%) Data Centre
6 18 (3.12%) Hybrid Cloud
7 17 (2.95%) Enterprise Cloud
8 12 (2.08%) Blog
8 12 (2.08%) Self-Motivation
9 10 (1.73%) Private Cloud
10 7 (1.21%) Management Information System
11 6 (1.04%) Enterprise Software
11 6 (1.04%) FMCG
11 6 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
12 5 (0.87%) Algorithms
12 5 (0.87%) Data Structures
12 5 (0.87%) Hedge funds
13 4 (0.69%) Security Operations Centre
14 3 (0.52%) Clustering
14 3 (0.52%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 204 (35.36%) Linux
2 130 (22.53%) Windows
3 42 (7.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 42 (7.28%) Windows Server
4 35 (6.07%) Unix
5 30 (5.20%) Windows 10
5 30 (5.20%) Windows Server 2016
6 28 (4.85%) CentOS
7 11 (1.91%) VMS
8 7 (1.21%) Windows Server 2008
9 5 (0.87%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.69%) Windows Server 2012
11 3 (0.52%) Debian
11 3 (0.52%) Solaris
11 3 (0.52%) Windows Server 2019
12 1 (0.17%) AIX
12 1 (0.17%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 448 (77.64%) DevOps
2 217 (37.61%) Agile Software Development
3 143 (24.78%) Microservices
4 121 (20.97%) Continuous Integration
5 107 (18.54%) Configuration Management
6 76 (13.17%) Continuous Delivery
7 72 (12.48%) Scrum
8 71 (12.31%) Test Automation
9 50 (8.67%) Migration
9 50 (8.67%) Software Engineering
10 46 (7.97%) TDD
11 45 (7.80%) Infrastructure Automation
12 41 (7.11%) Site Reliability Engineering
13 39 (6.76%) Continuous Deployment
14 35 (6.07%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 32 (5.55%) Open Source
16 28 (4.85%) Mentoring
17 27 (4.68%) Observability
18 25 (4.33%) Business Intelligence
19 23 (3.99%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 215 (37.26%) Python
2 128 (22.18%) Bash Shell
3 121 (20.97%) Java
3 121 (20.97%) PowerShell
4 60 (10.40%) Go
5 56 (9.71%) C#
5 56 (9.71%) JavaScript
6 54 (9.36%) SQL
7 31 (5.37%) Ruby
8 20 (3.47%) TypeScript
9 19 (3.29%) Perl
10 18 (3.12%) Scala
11 14 (2.43%) Shell Script
12 10 (1.73%) Java 8
13 9 (1.56%) C
14 8 (1.39%) C++
15 7 (1.21%) Groovy
16 6 (1.04%) PHP
17 5 (0.87%) Kotlin
17 5 (0.87%) R
Qualifications
1 112 (19.41%) Security Cleared
2 97 (16.81%) SC Cleared
3 20 (3.47%) DV Cleared
4 17 (2.95%) AWS Certification
5 11 (1.91%) Degree
6 7 (1.21%) Cisco Certification
7 6 (1.04%) BPSS Clearance
7 6 (1.04%) Computer Science Degree
8 5 (0.87%) CCNP
9 4 (0.69%) CCNA
10 3 (0.52%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.35%) MCSE
11 2 (0.35%) Network+ Certification
11 2 (0.35%) TOGAF Certification
12 1 (0.17%) CCIE
12 1 (0.17%) CSPO
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (2.25%) QA
2 12 (2.08%) NIST
3 5 (0.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.35%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.17%) SLA
5 1 (0.17%) WCAG
System Software
1 218 (37.78%) Docker
2 50 (8.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 41 (7.11%) Active Directory
4 27 (4.68%) vSphere
5 14 (2.43%) Hyper-V
5 14 (2.43%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (1.91%) VMware ESXi
6 11 (1.91%) VMware NSX
7 5 (0.87%) Microsoft App-V
7 5 (0.87%) Varnish
8 3 (0.52%) VirtualBox
9 2 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.35%) etcd
9 2 (0.35%) KVM
9 2 (0.35%) LXC
9 2 (0.35%) NFS
9 2 (0.35%) zsh
10 1 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.17%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 392 (67.94%) Terraform
2 282 (48.87%) Kubernetes
3 244 (42.29%) Ansible
4 100 (17.33%) Opscode Chef
5 93 (16.12%) Puppet
6 60 (10.40%) Prometheus
7 45 (7.80%) Grafana
8 39 (6.76%) Packer
9 24 (4.16%) Istio
10 22 (3.81%) Kibana
11 20 (3.47%) ZABBIX
12 17 (2.95%) Consul
13 15 (2.60%) Salt
14 14 (2.43%) logstash
15 13 (2.25%) Rancher
16 12 (2.08%) Fluentd
17 8 (1.39%) vCenter Server
17 8 (1.39%) vRealize Orchestrator
18 7 (1.21%) Nagios
19 4 (0.69%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 61 (10.57%) VMware
2 56 (9.71%) Microsoft
3 45 (7.80%) Splunk
4 41 (7.11%) Atlassian
5 24 (4.16%) Oracle
6 22 (3.81%) Google
7 21 (3.64%) Red Hat
8 20 (3.47%) SAP
9 16 (2.77%) AppDynamics
10 14 (2.43%) Dell
10 14 (2.43%) EMC
11 13 (2.25%) Cisco
12 12 (2.08%) CheckPoint
12 12 (2.08%) Dynatrace
12 12 (2.08%) SaltStack
13 11 (1.91%) Palo Alto
14 9 (1.56%) New Relic
15 8 (1.39%) F5
16 6 (1.04%) Okta
17 5 (0.87%) Confluent