Period
to 27 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 27 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
27 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 24 31 44
Rank change year-on-year +7 +13 +18
Contract jobs citing Python 6,668 5,161 4,128
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 7.24% 6.13% 4.24%
As % of the Programming Languages category 16.70% 14.82% 10.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,608 3,619 2,910
England median daily rate £525 £500 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +6.38% +4.44%
10th Percentile £370 £330 £315
90th Percentile £675 £650 £631
UK median daily rate £525 £488 £463
% change year-on-year +7.69% +5.41% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 138 107 80
England median hourly rate £41.25 £41.00 £38.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.61% +6.84% -4.06%
10th Percentile £13.03 £28.55 £23.51
90th Percentile £52.88 £50.00 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £41.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year - +5.81% -1.90%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 39,935 34,827 37,729
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 43.37% 41.39% 38.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 28,093 24,023 26,150
England median daily rate £475 £448 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.15% +5.29% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £463 £430 £418
% change year-on-year +7.56% +2.99% +4.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 727 753 881
England median hourly rate £41.00 £41.50 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.20% +7.10% +10.71%
10th Percentile £17.52 £17.55 £14.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £54.30 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £41.50 £38.50
% change year-on-year -3.61% +7.79% +10.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 27 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 4,379 £550 +7.32% 1,318
South East -2 806 £475 +11.76% 336
North of England +3 695 £450 +7.14% 255
North West +14 320 £496 +16.76% 140
Yorkshire -8 307 £450 +7.14% 103
Midlands +25 280 £475 +3.26% 92
East of England +1 252 £425 +3.03% 252
South West +22 239 £475 +7.71% 198
West Midlands +13 183 £500 +8.11% 66
East Midlands +19 92 £450 +5.88% 26
North East +4 69 £380 -5.00% 12
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 27 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 2,570 (38.54%) Linux
2 2,273 (34.09%) DevOps
3 2,198 (32.96%) Agile Software Development
4 2,140 (32.09%) Java
5 2,032 (30.47%) Amazon AWS
6 1,600 (24.00%) Jenkins
7 1,541 (23.11%) Ansible
8 1,508 (22.62%) Docker
9 1,488 (22.32%) SQL
10 1,411 (21.16%) Git (software)
11 1,319 (19.78%) Bash Shell
12 1,294 (19.41%) Ruby
13 1,209 (18.13%) Finance
14 1,196 (17.94%) Puppet
15 1,130 (16.95%) Continuous Integration
16 1,105 (16.57%) JavaScript
17 961 (14.41%) Perl
18 927 (13.90%) Configuration Management
18 927 (13.90%) Big Data
19 864 (12.96%) Analytics
20 858 (12.87%) Unix
21 831 (12.46%) Opscode Chef
22 805 (12.07%) Kubernetes
23 774 (11.61%) Windows
24 773 (11.59%) Microsoft Azure
25 761 (11.41%) Hadoop
26 754 (11.31%) Test Automation
27 747 (11.20%) Terraform
28 729 (10.93%) Apache Spark
28 729 (10.93%) C++

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 729 (10.93%) Apache Spark
2 413 (6.19%) Apache
3 335 (5.02%) Confluence
4 316 (4.74%) Elasticsearch
5 293 (4.39%) nginx
6 211 (3.16%) Tomcat
7 121 (1.81%) SAS
8 116 (1.74%) OpenStack
9 104 (1.56%) Apache Pig
10 99 (1.48%) Cloud Foundry
11 78 (1.17%) WebSphere
12 71 (1.06%) JBoss
13 70 (1.05%) Apache Solr
13 70 (1.05%) CMS
14 65 (0.97%) Jupyter
15 60 (0.90%) Apache Airflow
16 53 (0.79%) WebLogic
17 49 (0.73%) IIS
18 35 (0.52%) SharePoint
19 31 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 132 (1.98%) Microsoft Excel
2 26 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
3 24 (0.36%) SPSS
4 20 (0.30%) HipChat
5 19 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
6 16 (0.24%) Chatbot
7 15 (0.22%) MS Visio
8 11 (0.16%) Stata
9 10 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 5 (0.075%) Adobe Illustrator
10 5 (0.075%) CINEMA 4D
10 5 (0.075%) Doxygen
10 5 (0.075%) Photoshop
10 5 (0.075%) Simulink
10 5 (0.075%) Vectorworks
11 4 (0.060%) Microsoft Project
12 2 (0.030%) Pipeline Pilot
13 1 (0.015%) S-PLUS
13 1 (0.015%) SPSS Modeler
13 1 (0.015%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 19 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
2 16 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 9 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
3 9 (0.13%) R3 Corda
4 7 (0.10%) Magento
4 7 (0.10%) ReMetrica
4 7 (0.10%) Summit
5 5 (0.075%) Dynamics CRM
5 5 (0.075%) Eloqua
6 4 (0.060%) HiPortfolio
6 4 (0.060%) Markit EDM
7 3 (0.045%) BusinessWorks
7 3 (0.045%) ION MarketView
7 3 (0.045%) Radian6
7 3 (0.045%) RMDS
8 2 (0.030%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
8 2 (0.030%) Documaker
8 2 (0.030%) Global One
8 2 (0.030%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.030%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 2,032 (30.47%) Amazon AWS
2 773 (11.59%) Microsoft Azure
3 329 (4.93%) Google Cloud Platform
4 318 (4.77%) Amazon EC2
5 300 (4.50%) GitHub
6 299 (4.48%) Serverless
7 291 (4.36%) AWS CloudFormation
8 268 (4.02%) AWS Lambda
9 255 (3.82%) Amazon S3
10 175 (2.62%) PaaS
11 167 (2.50%) Cloud Computing
12 159 (2.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 145 (2.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 127 (1.90%) IaaS
15 106 (1.59%) Route 53
16 103 (1.54%) OpenShift
17 76 (1.14%) Amazon ELB
18 75 (1.12%) SaaS
19 73 (1.09%) npm
20 72 (1.08%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 258 (3.87%) Firewall
2 242 (3.63%) TCP/IP
3 200 (3.00%) HTTP
4 198 (2.97%) DNS
5 168 (2.52%) SSL
6 113 (1.69%) Internet
7 83 (1.24%) WAN
8 69 (1.03%) VPN
9 65 (0.97%) LAN
10 63 (0.94%) Network Security
11 59 (0.88%) Kerberos
12 57 (0.85%) BGP
13 56 (0.84%) DHCP
14 55 (0.82%) MPLS
14 55 (0.82%) SMS
15 48 (0.72%) Wireless
16 44 (0.66%) SNMP
17 40 (0.60%) VLAN
18 37 (0.55%) FTP
19 33 (0.49%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 927 (13.90%) Big Data
2 761 (11.41%) Hadoop
3 618 (9.27%) PostgreSQL
4 577 (8.65%) MySQL
5 558 (8.37%) NoSQL
6 471 (7.06%) MongoDB
7 468 (7.02%) Relational Database
8 387 (5.80%) SQL Server
9 307 (4.60%) Apache Hive
10 291 (4.36%) Apache Cassandra
11 280 (4.20%) Data Warehouse
12 208 (3.12%) Amazon RDS
13 201 (3.01%) Amazon Redshift
14 196 (2.94%) HBase
15 188 (2.82%) Redis
16 150 (2.25%) Power BI
17 130 (1.95%) RDBMS
18 114 (1.71%) Data Lake
19 100 (1.50%) Data Mining
20 94 (1.41%) Impala
Development Applications
1 1,600 (24.00%) Jenkins
2 1,411 (21.16%) Git (software)
3 592 (8.88%) JIRA
4 243 (3.64%) Maven
5 241 (3.61%) Subversion
6 238 (3.57%) Sonatype Nexus
7 229 (3.43%) Selenium
8 225 (3.37%) TeamCity
9 161 (2.41%) Artifactory
10 139 (2.08%) Cucumber
11 116 (1.74%) GitLab
12 113 (1.69%) Vagrant
13 104 (1.56%) Bitbucket
14 103 (1.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 101 (1.51%) Gradle
16 95 (1.42%) SonarQube
17 93 (1.39%) JUnit
17 93 (1.39%) Visual Studio
18 84 (1.26%) Ant
19 65 (0.97%) gulp
General
1 1,209 (18.13%) Finance
2 595 (8.92%) Banking
3 292 (4.38%) Front Office
4 201 (3.01%) Retail
5 190 (2.85%) Investment Banking
6 168 (2.52%) Marketing
7 153 (2.29%) Telecoms
8 124 (1.86%) Games
9 82 (1.23%) Manufacturing
10 66 (0.99%) Electronics
11 51 (0.76%) Financial Institution
12 48 (0.72%) Law
13 42 (0.63%) Publishing
14 41 (0.61%) Advertising
15 34 (0.51%) Automotive
16 30 (0.45%) Back Office
17 24 (0.36%) French Language
18 22 (0.33%) Retail Banking
19 19 (0.28%) Legal
20 13 (0.19%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,155 (32.32%) Developer
2 1,416 (21.24%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,043 (15.64%) Python Developer
4 599 (8.98%) AWS Engineer
5 475 (7.12%) AWS DevOps
6 436 (6.54%) Data Engineer
7 421 (6.31%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 360 (5.40%) Python Engineer
9 335 (5.02%) Analyst
10 314 (4.71%) Data Scientist
11 272 (4.08%) Linux Engineer
12 270 (4.05%) Software Engineer
13 253 (3.79%) Architect
14 249 (3.73%) Java Developer
15 240 (3.60%) Senior Developer
16 227 (3.40%) Cloud Engineer
17 221 (3.31%) Senior DevOps
18 217 (3.25%) Consultant
19 201 (3.01%) Senior DevOps Engineer
20 196 (2.94%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 616 (9.24%) Web Services
2 572 (8.58%) HTML
3 566 (8.49%) Node.js
4 465 (6.97%) Django
5 464 (6.96%) CSS
6 444 (6.66%) REST
7 430 (6.45%) Kafka
8 329 (4.93%) React
9 301 (4.51%) AngularJS
10 300 (4.50%) Elastic Stack
11 290 (4.35%) XML
12 264 (3.96%) JSON
12 264 (3.96%) RESTful
13 260 (3.90%) .NET
14 173 (2.59%) HTML5
15 163 (2.44%) RabbitMQ
15 163 (2.44%) Spring
16 151 (2.26%) Middleware
17 148 (2.22%) Pandas
18 145 (2.17%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 571 (8.56%) Analytical Skills
2 407 (6.10%) Computer Science
3 350 (5.25%) Algorithms
4 226 (3.39%) Greenfield Project
5 210 (3.15%) Linux Command Line
6 177 (2.65%) Derivative
7 147 (2.20%) Fintech
8 139 (2.08%) Fixed Income
9 136 (2.04%) User Experience
10 135 (2.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 134 (2.01%) Data Structures
12 128 (1.92%) Data Centre
13 112 (1.68%) Public Cloud
14 110 (1.65%) Self-Motivation
15 100 (1.50%) Mobile App
16 95 (1.42%) Enterprise Software
17 78 (1.17%) Management Information System
18 75 (1.12%) Clustering
19 73 (1.09%) iPad
20 71 (1.06%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 2,570 (38.54%) Linux
2 858 (12.87%) Unix
3 774 (11.61%) Windows
4 437 (6.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 268 (4.02%) CentOS
6 202 (3.03%) Ubuntu
7 99 (1.48%) Windows Server
8 82 (1.23%) Android
9 65 (0.97%) Apple iOS
10 61 (0.91%) Solaris
11 50 (0.75%) Mac OS X
12 49 (0.73%) Debian
13 44 (0.66%) Windows Server 2008
14 41 (0.61%) AIX
15 33 (0.49%) CoreOS
16 28 (0.42%) DC/OS
17 26 (0.39%) VMS
18 23 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
19 15 (0.22%) Mac OS
20 12 (0.18%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,273 (34.09%) DevOps
2 2,198 (32.96%) Agile Software Development
3 1,130 (16.95%) Continuous Integration
4 927 (13.90%) Configuration Management
5 864 (12.96%) Analytics
6 754 (11.31%) Test Automation
7 724 (10.86%) Open Source
8 677 (10.15%) TDD
9 673 (10.09%) Data Science
10 597 (8.95%) Software Engineering
11 579 (8.68%) Machine Learning
12 559 (8.38%) Scrum
13 533 (7.99%) Problem-Solving
14 434 (6.51%) ETL
15 425 (6.37%) Microservices
16 407 (6.10%) Continuous Delivery
17 378 (5.67%) OO
18 369 (5.53%) Migration
19 362 (5.43%) Business Intelligence
20 323 (4.84%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,140 (32.09%) Java
2 1,488 (22.32%) SQL
3 1,319 (19.78%) Bash Shell
4 1,294 (19.41%) Ruby
5 1,105 (16.57%) JavaScript
6 961 (14.41%) Perl
7 729 (10.93%) C++
8 680 (10.20%) C#
9 647 (9.70%) Scala
10 543 (8.14%) R
11 392 (5.88%) PowerShell
12 369 (5.53%) Shell Script
13 359 (5.38%) Go
14 332 (4.98%) Groovy
15 316 (4.74%) C
16 293 (4.39%) PHP
17 120 (1.80%) Java 8
18 87 (1.30%) VBA
19 86 (1.29%) MATLAB
20 77 (1.15%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 576 (8.64%) Degree
2 505 (7.57%) Security Cleared
3 403 (6.04%) SC Cleared
4 146 (2.19%) Computer Science Degree
5 105 (1.57%) PhD
6 104 (1.56%) AWS Certification
7 84 (1.26%) Master's Degree
8 72 (1.08%) Cisco Certification
9 53 (0.79%) DV Cleared
10 51 (0.76%) CCNP
10 51 (0.76%) Numerate Degree
11 45 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
12 35 (0.52%) CISSP
13 31 (0.46%) CCNA
14 18 (0.27%) ISTQB
14 18 (0.27%) SANS
15 14 (0.21%) RHCE
16 13 (0.19%) CISM
16 13 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
17 11 (0.16%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 230 (3.45%) QA
2 137 (2.05%) GCP
3 112 (1.68%) Data Quality
4 50 (0.75%) GDPR
5 36 (0.54%) MiFID
6 27 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 19 (0.28%) EMIR
8 16 (0.24%) SLA
9 12 (0.18%) PMO
10 11 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
11 10 (0.15%) PCI DSS
12 8 (0.12%) CESG Infosec
12 8 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
12 8 (0.12%) GAAP
12 8 (0.12%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 6 (0.090%) Solvency II
14 5 (0.075%) IEC 62304
15 3 (0.045%) Basel III
15 3 (0.045%) FATCA
15 3 (0.045%) IFRS
System Software
1 1,508 (22.62%) Docker
2 171 (2.56%) VMware Infrastructure
3 115 (1.72%) HDFS
4 102 (1.53%) Virtual Machines
5 79 (1.18%) Active Directory
6 78 (1.17%) Apache Flume
7 50 (0.75%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 43 (0.64%) Hyper-V
9 38 (0.57%) Firmware
10 37 (0.55%) VirtualBox
11 26 (0.39%) Xen
12 23 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
13 22 (0.33%) NFS
14 21 (0.31%) etcd
14 21 (0.31%) KVM
15 20 (0.30%) vSphere
16 19 (0.28%) flannel
17 18 (0.27%) Veritas Cluster Server
18 17 (0.25%) VMware NSX
19 15 (0.22%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 1,541 (23.11%) Ansible
2 1,196 (17.94%) Puppet
3 831 (12.46%) Opscode Chef
4 805 (12.07%) Kubernetes
5 747 (11.20%) Terraform
6 214 (3.21%) Salt
7 185 (2.77%) Nagios
8 161 (2.41%) Kibana
9 160 (2.40%) Packer
10 136 (2.04%) Grafana
10 136 (2.04%) logstash
11 102 (1.53%) Mesos
12 94 (1.41%) ZABBIX
13 89 (1.33%) HAProxy
14 87 (1.30%) Prometheus
15 78 (1.17%) Consul
16 73 (1.09%) Hadoop YARN
17 71 (1.06%) Docker Swarm
18 70 (1.05%) Oozie
19 58 (0.87%) Rancher
Vendors
1 609 (9.13%) Oracle
2 434 (6.51%) Google
3 390 (5.85%) Red Hat
4 321 (4.81%) Microsoft
5 312 (4.68%) Splunk
6 236 (3.54%) VMware
7 190 (2.85%) Tableau
8 178 (2.67%) Atlassian
9 138 (2.07%) Cloudera
10 130 (1.95%) Cisco
11 124 (1.86%) SaltStack
12 121 (1.81%) IBM
13 113 (1.69%) New Relic
14 95 (1.42%) SAP
15 92 (1.38%) Hortonworks
16 72 (1.08%) Sybase
17 68 (1.02%) HP
18 67 (1.00%) F5
19 66 (0.99%) Alteryx
20 60 (0.90%) Informatica