Period
to 18 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 18 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
18 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 21 29 42
Rank change year-on-year +8 +13 +23
Contract jobs citing Python 6,959 5,908 4,587
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 7.39% 6.47% 4.65%
As % of the Programming Languages category 16.43% 15.41% 11.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,776 4,284 3,140
England median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £369 £358 £325
90th Percentile £684 £675 £625
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 127 122 72
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.50 £39.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.94% +3.51% -0.95%
10th Percentile £17.86 £26.08 £18.57
90th Percentile £52.70 £55.42 £48.71
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.50 £38.25
% change year-on-year +4.94% +5.88% -4.38%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,343 38,349 39,845
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 44.94% 41.97% 40.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,014 26,849 27,659
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £319 £310 £285
90th Percentile £650 £638 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 650 740 846
England median hourly rate £42.26 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.64% +6.67% +2.74%
10th Percentile £17.24 £16.25 £14.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.08 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +2.74%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 18 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 4,524 £550 +4.76% 1,407
South East +14 855 £475 +5.56% 405
North of England +10 711 £475 +5.56% 286
North West +23 351 £498 +4.79% 132
Midlands +5 290 £425 -5.56% 132
South West +13 289 £475 +18.75% 203
Yorkshire -2 277 £450 - 111
East of England -7 269 £425 +1.49% 357
West Midlands -13 160 £450 -5.26% 77
East Midlands +29 128 £408 -4.12% 55
North East +19 86 £475 - 43
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 18 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 2,388 (34.32%) Linux
2 2,333 (33.52%) DevOps
3 2,301 (33.07%) Agile Software Development
4 2,165 (31.11%) Amazon AWS
5 2,146 (30.84%) Java
6 1,689 (24.27%) Jenkins
7 1,658 (23.83%) Docker
8 1,638 (23.54%) SQL
9 1,579 (22.69%) Ansible
10 1,385 (19.90%) Git (software)
11 1,335 (19.18%) Finance
12 1,199 (17.23%) Puppet
13 1,179 (16.94%) Bash Shell
14 1,112 (15.98%) Continuous Integration
15 1,108 (15.92%) JavaScript
16 1,041 (14.96%) Terraform
17 955 (13.72%) Ruby
17 955 (13.72%) Kubernetes
18 922 (13.25%) Test Automation
19 908 (13.05%) Unix
20 901 (12.95%) Opscode Chef
21 886 (12.73%) Big Data
22 882 (12.67%) Perl
23 833 (11.97%) Hadoop
24 812 (11.67%) Windows
25 807 (11.60%) Analytics
26 779 (11.19%) Configuration Management
27 778 (11.18%) TDD
28 754 (10.83%) C++
29 746 (10.72%) Microsoft Azure

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 682 (9.80%) Apache Spark
2 449 (6.45%) Elasticsearch
3 370 (5.32%) Apache
4 267 (3.84%) nginx
5 252 (3.62%) Confluence
6 206 (2.96%) Tomcat
7 145 (2.08%) Cloud Foundry
8 120 (1.72%) SAS
9 101 (1.45%) OpenStack
10 79 (1.14%) Apache Solr
11 77 (1.11%) IIS
12 66 (0.95%) WebSphere
13 59 (0.85%) Apache Airflow
14 53 (0.76%) CMS
15 52 (0.75%) Apache Pig
16 51 (0.73%) JBoss
17 48 (0.69%) Jupyter
18 38 (0.55%) Gunicorn
19 37 (0.53%) WebLogic
20 30 (0.43%) SharePoint
Applications
1 190 (2.73%) Microsoft Excel
2 54 (0.78%) MS Visio
3 43 (0.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 29 (0.42%) Microsoft Project
5 22 (0.32%) SPSS
6 20 (0.29%) Chatbot
7 19 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
8 10 (0.14%) Simulink
9 8 (0.11%) HipChat
9 8 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
10 6 (0.086%) Maya
11 5 (0.072%) Photoshop
12 3 (0.043%) 3ds Max
12 3 (0.043%) GNU Octave
12 3 (0.043%) Stata
13 2 (0.029%) Adobe Illustrator
13 2 (0.029%) Autodesk Smoke
13 2 (0.029%) Doxygen
13 2 (0.029%) Houdini
13 2 (0.029%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 15 (0.22%) ION MarketView
2 12 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 8 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
4 6 (0.086%) Magento
5 5 (0.072%) Markit EDM
6 4 (0.057%) Distributed Ledger
6 4 (0.057%) HFM
6 4 (0.057%) Unica
7 3 (0.043%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.043%) Sentinel
8 2 (0.029%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
8 2 (0.029%) Global One
8 2 (0.029%) LatentZero
8 2 (0.029%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.029%) Payment Gateway
8 2 (0.029%) PolarLake
8 2 (0.029%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.029%) ReMetrica
8 2 (0.029%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 2,165 (31.11%) Amazon AWS
2 746 (10.72%) Microsoft Azure
3 428 (6.15%) Google Cloud Platform
4 389 (5.59%) Amazon EC2
5 376 (5.40%) Amazon S3
6 371 (5.33%) GitHub
7 369 (5.30%) Serverless
8 319 (4.58%) AWS CloudFormation
9 315 (4.53%) AWS Lambda
10 224 (3.22%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 195 (2.80%) PaaS
12 150 (2.16%) Cloud Computing
13 135 (1.94%) OpenShift
14 126 (1.81%) IaaS
15 120 (1.72%) Amazon EMR
16 112 (1.61%) SaaS
17 97 (1.39%) npm
18 91 (1.31%) Route 53
19 90 (1.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 85 (1.22%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 251 (3.61%) Firewall
2 226 (3.25%) HTTP
3 202 (2.90%) TCP/IP
4 192 (2.76%) SSL
5 166 (2.39%) DNS
6 136 (1.95%) Internet
7 62 (0.89%) BGP
8 60 (0.86%) LAN
9 58 (0.83%) DHCP
9 58 (0.83%) VPN
9 58 (0.83%) Wireless
10 55 (0.79%) WAN
11 54 (0.78%) MPLS
11 54 (0.78%) Network Security
12 40 (0.57%) SNMP
13 39 (0.56%) OSPF
14 38 (0.55%) Kerberos
15 35 (0.50%) Multicast
15 35 (0.50%) Wi-Fi
16 31 (0.45%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 886 (12.73%) Big Data
2 833 (11.97%) Hadoop
3 582 (8.36%) PostgreSQL
4 579 (8.32%) NoSQL
5 555 (7.98%) MongoDB
6 520 (7.47%) MySQL
7 462 (6.64%) Relational Database
8 398 (5.72%) SQL Server
9 335 (4.81%) Apache Hive
10 298 (4.28%) Apache Cassandra
11 203 (2.92%) Data Warehouse
12 202 (2.90%) Amazon Redshift
13 171 (2.46%) HBase
14 155 (2.23%) RDBMS
15 153 (2.20%) Power BI
16 151 (2.17%) Amazon RDS
17 145 (2.08%) Redis
18 138 (1.98%) Impala
19 116 (1.67%) Data Lake
20 102 (1.47%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 1,689 (24.27%) Jenkins
2 1,385 (19.90%) Git (software)
3 569 (8.18%) JIRA
4 384 (5.52%) Selenium
5 336 (4.83%) Maven
6 237 (3.41%) Subversion
7 218 (3.13%) TeamCity
8 215 (3.09%) Cucumber
9 205 (2.95%) Sonatype Nexus
10 173 (2.49%) Bitbucket
11 169 (2.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 167 (2.40%) Artifactory
13 165 (2.37%) GitLab
14 136 (1.95%) Gatling
15 133 (1.91%) Gradle
16 111 (1.60%) Vagrant
17 108 (1.55%) Visual Studio Team System
18 104 (1.49%) SonarQube
19 101 (1.45%) Ant
20 98 (1.41%) gulp
General
1 1,335 (19.18%) Finance
2 667 (9.58%) Banking
3 325 (4.67%) Front Office
4 255 (3.66%) Retail
5 158 (2.27%) Telecoms
6 146 (2.10%) Investment Banking
7 134 (1.93%) Marketing
8 75 (1.08%) Financial Institution
9 67 (0.96%) Games
10 55 (0.79%) Advertising
10 55 (0.79%) Legal
11 54 (0.78%) Publishing
12 46 (0.66%) Electronics
12 46 (0.66%) Law
13 36 (0.52%) Back Office
13 36 (0.52%) Manufacturing
14 30 (0.43%) Automotive
15 19 (0.27%) Retail Banking
16 13 (0.19%) Aerospace
16 13 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,420 (34.78%) Developer
2 1,418 (20.38%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,119 (16.08%) Python Developer
4 566 (8.13%) AWS Engineer
5 423 (6.08%) Data Engineer
6 420 (6.04%) AWS DevOps
7 416 (5.98%) Python Engineer
8 381 (5.47%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 318 (4.57%) Software Engineer
10 301 (4.33%) Data Scientist
10 301 (4.33%) Java Developer
11 286 (4.11%) Analyst
12 279 (4.01%) Architect
13 263 (3.78%) Senior Developer
14 216 (3.10%) Cloud Engineer
15 190 (2.73%) Linux Engineer
16 180 (2.59%) Consultant
17 176 (2.53%) Django Developer
18 172 (2.47%) Senior DevOps
19 171 (2.46%) C++ Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 611 (8.78%) Node.js
2 578 (8.31%) Web Services
3 516 (7.41%) HTML
4 504 (7.24%) Django
5 447 (6.42%) Kafka
6 434 (6.24%) CSS
7 430 (6.18%) REST
8 376 (5.40%) React
9 346 (4.97%) AngularJS
10 294 (4.22%) Elastic Stack
11 261 (3.75%) XML
12 254 (3.65%) .NET
13 245 (3.52%) JSON
14 227 (3.26%) RESTful
15 203 (2.92%) Pandas
16 200 (2.87%) NumPy
17 192 (2.76%) Spring
18 191 (2.74%) Flask
19 186 (2.67%) HTML5
20 167 (2.40%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 517 (7.43%) Analytical Skills
2 426 (6.12%) Computer Science
3 364 (5.23%) Algorithms
4 280 (4.02%) Greenfield Project
5 204 (2.93%) Linux Command Line
6 193 (2.77%) Derivative
7 181 (2.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 160 (2.30%) Data Centre
9 159 (2.28%) Fixed Income
10 141 (2.03%) Data Structures
11 138 (1.98%) Mobile App
12 136 (1.95%) Self-Motivation
13 132 (1.90%) Fintech
14 128 (1.84%) User Experience
15 122 (1.75%) Public Cloud
16 110 (1.58%) Enterprise Software
17 70 (1.01%) Hedge funds
18 68 (0.98%) Equities
19 61 (0.88%) Clustering
20 60 (0.86%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 2,388 (34.32%) Linux
2 908 (13.05%) Unix
3 812 (11.67%) Windows
4 389 (5.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 256 (3.68%) CentOS
6 212 (3.05%) Ubuntu
7 117 (1.68%) Android
8 97 (1.39%) Windows Server
9 89 (1.28%) Apple iOS
10 70 (1.01%) Solaris
11 51 (0.73%) Debian
12 26 (0.37%) AIX
12 26 (0.37%) VMS
13 23 (0.33%) CoreOS
14 22 (0.32%) Mac OS X
15 20 (0.29%) DC/OS
15 20 (0.29%) Fedora
15 20 (0.29%) Windows Server 2008
16 17 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
17 16 (0.23%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,333 (33.52%) DevOps
2 2,301 (33.07%) Agile Software Development
3 1,112 (15.98%) Continuous Integration
4 922 (13.25%) Test Automation
5 807 (11.60%) Analytics
6 779 (11.19%) Configuration Management
7 778 (11.18%) TDD
8 744 (10.69%) Open Source
9 697 (10.02%) Data Science
10 680 (9.77%) Software Engineering
11 675 (9.70%) Scrum
12 628 (9.02%) Microservices
13 544 (7.82%) Machine Learning
14 488 (7.01%) Problem-Solving
15 451 (6.48%) ETL
16 414 (5.95%) OO
17 389 (5.59%) BDD
18 377 (5.42%) Migration
19 364 (5.23%) Continuous Delivery
20 356 (5.12%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,146 (30.84%) Java
2 1,638 (23.54%) SQL
3 1,179 (16.94%) Bash Shell
4 1,108 (15.92%) JavaScript
5 955 (13.72%) Ruby
6 882 (12.67%) Perl
7 754 (10.83%) C++
8 679 (9.76%) C#
9 590 (8.48%) Scala
10 452 (6.50%) Go
11 451 (6.48%) R
12 422 (6.06%) PowerShell
13 405 (5.82%) Shell Script
14 388 (5.58%) C
15 272 (3.91%) PHP
16 250 (3.59%) Groovy
17 117 (1.68%) MATLAB
18 112 (1.61%) Korn
19 107 (1.54%) Java 8
20 104 (1.49%) ES6
Qualifications
1 516 (7.41%) Degree
2 448 (6.44%) Security Cleared
3 343 (4.93%) SC Cleared
4 181 (2.60%) Computer Science Degree
5 123 (1.77%) PhD
6 116 (1.67%) AWS Certification
7 77 (1.11%) DV Cleared
8 75 (1.08%) Master's Degree
9 69 (0.99%) Cisco Certification
10 43 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
11 41 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
12 37 (0.53%) CCNP
13 33 (0.47%) CCNA
13 33 (0.47%) CISSP
14 26 (0.37%) ISTQB
15 23 (0.33%) RHCE
16 20 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
17 14 (0.20%) ISEB
17 14 (0.20%) SANS
18 13 (0.19%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 228 (3.28%) QA
2 73 (1.05%) Data Quality
3 53 (0.76%) GDPR
4 24 (0.34%) SLA
5 19 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 16 (0.23%) MISRA
7 12 (0.17%) MiFID
7 12 (0.17%) PCI DSS
8 11 (0.16%) EMIR
8 11 (0.16%) MISRA C
9 9 (0.13%) HMG Infosec
9 9 (0.13%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 9 (0.13%) JSP 440
9 9 (0.13%) PMO
10 8 (0.11%) IFRS
11 7 (0.10%) IFRS 9
12 4 (0.057%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 3 (0.043%) ARP4754
13 3 (0.043%) Cyber Essentials
13 3 (0.043%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,658 (23.83%) Docker
2 154 (2.21%) VMware Infrastructure
3 134 (1.93%) HDFS
4 96 (1.38%) Virtual Machines
5 93 (1.34%) Active Directory
6 63 (0.91%) Apache Flume
7 47 (0.68%) VirtualBox
8 43 (0.62%) Hyper-V
9 42 (0.60%) Firmware
10 39 (0.56%) NFS
11 35 (0.50%) vSphere
12 29 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 28 (0.40%) KVM
14 27 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
15 24 (0.34%) Xen
16 23 (0.33%) etcd
17 22 (0.32%) flannel
18 15 (0.22%) LXC
19 13 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
20 11 (0.16%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 1,579 (22.69%) Ansible
2 1,199 (17.23%) Puppet
3 1,041 (14.96%) Terraform
4 955 (13.72%) Kubernetes
5 901 (12.95%) Opscode Chef
6 208 (2.99%) Nagios
7 204 (2.93%) Packer
8 191 (2.74%) Kibana
9 182 (2.62%) Salt
10 180 (2.59%) Grafana
11 159 (2.28%) Prometheus
12 125 (1.80%) logstash
13 123 (1.77%) ZABBIX
14 112 (1.61%) Hadoop YARN
15 106 (1.52%) Mesos
16 73 (1.05%) Rancher
17 62 (0.89%) Docker Swarm
18 61 (0.88%) Consul
19 55 (0.79%) HAProxy
20 50 (0.72%) Icinga
Vendors
1 582 (8.36%) Oracle
2 471 (6.77%) Google
3 390 (5.60%) Red Hat
4 387 (5.56%) Splunk
5 348 (5.00%) Microsoft
6 230 (3.31%) VMware
7 210 (3.02%) Tableau
8 155 (2.23%) Cloudera
9 134 (1.93%) Cisco
10 127 (1.82%) IBM
11 121 (1.74%) New Relic
12 110 (1.58%) Atlassian
13 103 (1.48%) SaltStack
14 72 (1.03%) Hortonworks
15 70 (1.01%) Adobe
16 60 (0.86%) Alteryx
17 58 (0.83%) Informatica
17 58 (0.83%) SAP
18 57 (0.82%) CA
19 55 (0.79%) ServiceNow