Period
to 13 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 13 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
13 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 14 14 25
Rank change year-on-year 0 +11 +5
Contract jobs citing Python 3,621 7,307 6,922
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 10.03% 8.52% 7.25%
As % of the Programming Languages category 23.96% 19.83% 16.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,586 5,057 4,892
Median daily rate £525 £535 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.87% +1.90% +5.00%
10th Percentile £381 £395 £363
90th Percentile £725 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 88 126 139
Median hourly rate £36.00 £45.00 £41.77
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.00% +7.75% +1.87%
10th Percentile £20.50 £20.41 £11.60
90th Percentile £56.80 £53.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year -22.22% +8.43% +1.22%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 15,113 36,854 42,072
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.86% 42.98% 44.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,272 25,801 29,624
Median daily rate £500 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £680 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £498 £475 £460
% change year-on-year +4.74% +3.26% +4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 324 655 762
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £41.53
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.54% +4.74% +0.68%
10th Percentile £17.87 £20.23 £17.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £53.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year -18.60% +4.88% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 13 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 13 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 13 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 2,349 £550 - 593
South East +10 377 £475 - 191
North of England +1 344 £500 +1.01% 122
South West +10 286 £505 -3.81% 102
North West +1 161 £525 +10.53% 70
Yorkshire +1 138 £511 +2.25% 29
East of England -2 121 £475 - 101
Midlands +4 88 £484 +1.89% 82
West Midlands +20 78 £513 +10.81% 62
North East +20 42 £450 - 23
East Midlands -11 7 £393 -17.80% 19
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 13 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,391 (38.41%) AWS
2 1,294 (35.74%) Java
3 1,248 (34.47%) Agile Software Development
4 1,199 (33.11%) DevOps
5 942 (26.01%) SQL
6 889 (24.55%) Finance
7 796 (21.98%) Linux
8 788 (21.76%) Azure
9 754 (20.82%) Kubernetes
10 744 (20.55%) Docker
11 673 (18.59%) JavaScript
12 643 (17.76%) Terraform
13 633 (17.48%) Jenkins
14 591 (16.32%) Git (software)
15 588 (16.24%) Software Engineering
16 530 (14.64%) Web Services
17 524 (14.47%) Ansible
18 521 (14.39%) GCP
19 487 (13.45%) Banking
20 476 (13.15%) Analytics
21 435 (12.01%) Big Data
22 431 (11.90%) Security Cleared
23 429 (11.85%) Data Science
24 420 (11.60%) Serverless
25 402 (11.10%) Test Automation
26 382 (10.55%) C#
27 377 (10.41%) Bash Shell
28 371 (10.25%) Google
29 363 (10.02%) Front Office
30 362 (10.00%) Asset Management

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 315 (8.70%) Apache Spark
2 154 (4.25%) Confluence
3 140 (3.87%) Apache
4 127 (3.51%) Elasticsearch
5 67 (1.85%) Tomcat
6 53 (1.46%) SAS
7 44 (1.22%) nginx
8 33 (0.91%) Cloud Foundry
8 33 (0.91%) Jupyter
9 30 (0.83%) Apache Airflow
10 29 (0.80%) OpenStack
11 24 (0.66%) SharePoint
12 20 (0.55%) IIS
13 18 (0.50%) Apache Pig
14 16 (0.44%) WebSphere
15 15 (0.41%) CMS
16 13 (0.36%) ArcGIS
16 13 (0.36%) GeoServer
17 9 (0.25%) JBoss
17 9 (0.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 105 (2.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 48 (1.33%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.41%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.39%) Chatbot
4 14 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
6 4 (0.11%) Simulink
6 4 (0.11%) SPSS
7 3 (0.083%) Stata
8 2 (0.055%) SOLIDWORKS
9 1 (0.028%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.028%) Maya
9 1 (0.028%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 10 (0.28%) Remedy ITSM
2 9 (0.25%) Markit EDM
2 9 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
2 9 (0.25%) PolarLake
3 8 (0.22%) Adobe Campaign
3 8 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 7 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
4 7 (0.19%) Sophis RISQUE
5 5 (0.14%) Eagle PACE
5 5 (0.14%) FINCAD Analytics
6 4 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
6 4 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 4 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 3 (0.083%) BusinessWorks
7 3 (0.083%) Dynamics CRM
7 3 (0.083%) Front Arena
7 3 (0.083%) Oracle 11i
7 3 (0.083%) Shopify
8 2 (0.055%) Aligne
8 2 (0.055%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 1,391 (38.41%) AWS
2 788 (21.76%) Azure
3 521 (14.39%) GCP
4 420 (11.60%) Serverless
5 335 (9.25%) AWS Lambda
6 250 (6.90%) Amazon S3
7 233 (6.43%) Amazon EC2
8 221 (6.10%) AWS CloudFormation
9 193 (5.33%) OpenShift
10 169 (4.67%) Amazon ECS
11 153 (4.23%) GitHub
12 124 (3.42%) Power Platform
13 95 (2.62%) Amazon SQS
14 81 (2.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 72 (1.99%) SaaS
16 67 (1.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 64 (1.77%) PaaS
18 51 (1.41%) Apigee
19 50 (1.38%) Amazon EKS
19 50 (1.38%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 134 (3.70%) HTTP
2 117 (3.23%) Firewall
3 106 (2.93%) DNS
4 89 (2.46%) TCP/IP
5 61 (1.68%) BGP
6 47 (1.30%) SNMP
7 44 (1.22%) DHCP
7 44 (1.22%) Internet
8 42 (1.16%) VPN
9 41 (1.13%) Network Security
10 39 (1.08%) WAN
11 36 (0.99%) HTTPS
12 34 (0.94%) LAN
13 33 (0.91%) MPLS
13 33 (0.91%) OSPF
14 31 (0.86%) Cisco Nexus
14 31 (0.86%) IPv4
15 30 (0.83%) IPv6
16 29 (0.80%) Wireless
16 29 (0.80%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 435 (12.01%) Big Data
2 293 (8.09%) Hadoop
3 285 (7.87%) SQL Server
4 235 (6.49%) PostgreSQL
5 219 (6.05%) NoSQL
6 213 (5.88%) MySQL
7 211 (5.83%) Data Warehouse
8 203 (5.61%) Amazon Redshift
9 184 (5.08%) Relational Database
10 167 (4.61%) Amazon RDS
11 140 (3.87%) MongoDB
12 123 (3.40%) Power BI
13 101 (2.79%) Data Lake
14 82 (2.26%) Apache Hive
15 81 (2.24%) RDBMS
16 70 (1.93%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 69 (1.91%) BigQuery
18 68 (1.88%) Apache Cassandra
19 57 (1.57%) Redis
20 56 (1.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 633 (17.48%) Jenkins
2 591 (16.32%) Git (software)
3 267 (7.37%) JIRA
4 213 (5.88%) GitLab
5 128 (3.53%) Artifactory
6 106 (2.93%) Bitbucket
7 101 (2.79%) RStudio
8 77 (2.13%) Cucumber
9 76 (2.10%) Selenium
10 72 (1.99%) CircleCI
11 68 (1.88%) Subversion
12 66 (1.82%) TeamCity
13 65 (1.80%) Maven
14 59 (1.63%) JUnit
15 54 (1.49%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 51 (1.41%) Sonatype Nexus
17 40 (1.10%) Travis CI
18 38 (1.05%) Gradle
18 38 (1.05%) SonarQube
19 36 (0.99%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 889 (24.55%) Finance
2 487 (13.45%) Banking
3 363 (10.02%) Front Office
4 226 (6.24%) Investment Banking
5 157 (4.34%) Public Sector
6 94 (2.60%) Telecoms
7 63 (1.74%) Marketing
8 53 (1.46%) Retail
9 50 (1.38%) Back Office
10 45 (1.24%) Games
11 30 (0.83%) Manufacturing
12 29 (0.80%) Legal
13 28 (0.77%) Law
14 27 (0.75%) Electronics
14 27 (0.75%) Financial Institution
15 22 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
16 21 (0.58%) Aerospace
17 17 (0.47%) French Language
18 10 (0.28%) Local Government
19 9 (0.25%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,252 (34.58%) Developer
2 547 (15.11%) Python Developer
3 455 (12.57%) DevOps Engineer
4 391 (10.80%) AWS Engineer
5 335 (9.25%) Data Engineer
6 314 (8.67%) Python Engineer
7 226 (6.24%) Software Engineer
8 213 (5.88%) AWS Developer
9 208 (5.74%) Architect
10 195 (5.39%) Java Developer
11 169 (4.67%) Data Scientist
12 154 (4.25%) Analyst
13 150 (4.14%) AWS DevOps
14 139 (3.84%) Cloud Engineer
15 126 (3.48%) Senior Developer
16 119 (3.29%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 96 (2.65%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 91 (2.51%) Java Engineer
19 88 (2.43%) Platform Engineer
20 85 (2.35%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 530 (14.64%) Web Services
2 291 (8.04%) Node.js
3 271 (7.48%) AngularJS
3 271 (7.48%) React
4 195 (5.39%) .NET
5 191 (5.27%) Kafka
6 177 (4.89%) Django
7 172 (4.75%) REST
8 169 (4.67%) HTML
9 141 (3.89%) RESTful
10 135 (3.73%) Flask
11 126 (3.48%) PySpark
12 123 (3.40%) CSS
13 122 (3.37%) Pandas
14 108 (2.98%) TensorFlow
15 105 (2.90%) JSON
15 105 (2.90%) Vue.js
16 100 (2.76%) Elastic Stack
17 98 (2.71%) Spring
18 87 (2.40%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 328 (9.06%) Analytical Skills
2 283 (7.82%) Derivative
3 272 (7.51%) Fixed Income
4 248 (6.85%) Hedge funds
5 211 (5.83%) Equities
6 184 (5.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 143 (3.95%) Greenfield Project
8 122 (3.37%) Algorithms
9 98 (2.71%) Linux Command Line
10 77 (2.13%) Data Structures
11 73 (2.02%) Cloud Native
12 72 (1.99%) User Experience
13 71 (1.96%) Public Cloud
14 66 (1.82%) Management Information System
15 63 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
16 60 (1.66%) Mobile App
17 48 (1.33%) Data Centre
18 43 (1.19%) Enterprise Software
19 38 (1.05%) Blog
20 31 (0.86%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 796 (21.98%) Linux
2 267 (7.37%) Windows
3 215 (5.94%) Unix
4 145 (4.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 78 (2.15%) CentOS
6 69 (1.91%) Windows Server
7 33 (0.91%) Android
8 29 (0.80%) Apple iOS
9 27 (0.75%) Ubuntu
10 23 (0.64%) Windows Server 2012
11 22 (0.61%) Mac OS X
11 22 (0.61%) Windows Server 2016
12 14 (0.39%) Debian
13 11 (0.30%) Mac OS
14 10 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
15 9 (0.25%) FreeRTOS
15 9 (0.25%) Windows 10
16 7 (0.19%) Amazon Linux
16 7 (0.19%) ThreadX
17 6 (0.17%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,248 (34.47%) Agile Software Development
2 1,199 (33.11%) DevOps
3 588 (16.24%) Software Engineering
4 476 (13.15%) Analytics
5 429 (11.85%) Data Science
6 402 (11.10%) Test Automation
7 362 (10.00%) Asset Management
8 359 (9.91%) Machine Learning
9 358 (9.89%) Continuous Integration
10 339 (9.36%) Microservices
11 317 (8.75%) Scrum
12 289 (7.98%) TDD
13 260 (7.18%) Open Source
14 252 (6.96%) Infrastructure as Code
15 248 (6.85%) Business Intelligence
16 233 (6.43%) ETL
17 228 (6.30%) Configuration Management
18 217 (5.99%) Problem-Solving
19 216 (5.97%) Migration
20 208 (5.74%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,294 (35.74%) Java
2 942 (26.01%) SQL
3 673 (18.59%) JavaScript
4 382 (10.55%) C#
5 377 (10.41%) Bash Shell
6 312 (8.62%) R
7 296 (8.17%) C++
8 250 (6.90%) PowerShell
9 232 (6.41%) Ruby
10 223 (6.16%) Scala
11 193 (5.33%) Go
12 177 (4.89%) Perl
13 138 (3.81%) C
14 128 (3.53%) Shell Script
15 125 (3.45%) Groovy
16 114 (3.15%) PHP
17 92 (2.54%) TypeScript
18 80 (2.21%) VBA
19 75 (2.07%) T-SQL
20 36 (0.99%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 431 (11.90%) Security Cleared
2 326 (9.00%) SC Cleared
3 218 (6.02%) Degree
4 89 (2.46%) DV Cleared
5 67 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
6 65 (1.80%) Cisco Certification
7 48 (1.33%) PhD
8 43 (1.19%) AWS Certification
9 40 (1.10%) CCNP
10 33 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
11 30 (0.83%) CCIE
11 30 (0.83%) Master's Degree
12 27 (0.75%) CCNA
13 20 (0.55%) CCDP
13 20 (0.55%) Microsoft Certification
14 19 (0.52%) Numerate Degree
15 18 (0.50%) CCIE Routing and Switching
15 18 (0.50%) SANS
16 14 (0.39%) DBS Check
16 14 (0.39%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 110 (3.04%) QA
2 61 (1.68%) Data Quality
3 29 (0.80%) GDPR
4 8 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 8 (0.22%) PCI DSS
5 6 (0.17%) HIPAA
5 6 (0.17%) PSD2
5 6 (0.17%) SLA
6 5 (0.14%) Basel III
6 5 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
6 5 (0.14%) MiFID
6 5 (0.14%) NIST
7 4 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
7 4 (0.11%) DO-254
8 3 (0.083%) AICPA
8 3 (0.083%) COBIT
9 2 (0.055%) JTAG
9 2 (0.055%) RMADS
9 2 (0.055%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.028%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 744 (20.55%) Docker
2 92 (2.54%) Active Directory
3 75 (2.07%) VMware Infrastructure
4 34 (0.94%) HDFS
5 30 (0.83%) VMware ESXi
6 22 (0.61%) Hyper-V
6 22 (0.61%) vSphere
7 21 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
8 16 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 14 (0.39%) VMware NSX
10 11 (0.30%) NFS
10 11 (0.30%) OpenAM
11 10 (0.28%) VMware Workstation
12 9 (0.25%) Apache Flume
13 7 (0.19%) KVM
14 6 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
15 5 (0.14%) GeoWebCache
15 5 (0.14%) OpenDJ
15 5 (0.14%) RACF
15 5 (0.14%) Samba
Systems Management
1 754 (20.82%) Kubernetes
2 643 (17.76%) Terraform
3 524 (14.47%) Ansible
4 272 (7.51%) Puppet
5 191 (5.27%) Opscode Chef
6 61 (1.68%) Packer
7 58 (1.60%) Salt
8 57 (1.57%) Prometheus
9 51 (1.41%) Grafana
10 39 (1.08%) Kibana
11 36 (0.99%) logstash
12 28 (0.77%) Docker Swarm
12 28 (0.77%) Nagios
13 24 (0.66%) Single Sign-On
14 20 (0.55%) vCenter Server
15 19 (0.52%) SCCM
15 19 (0.52%) ZABBIX
16 17 (0.47%) Rancher
17 16 (0.44%) Consul
18 14 (0.39%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 371 (10.25%) Google
2 240 (6.63%) Microsoft
2 240 (6.63%) Oracle
3 131 (3.62%) Tableau
4 129 (3.56%) Splunk
5 124 (3.42%) Red Hat
6 107 (2.95%) VMware
7 104 (2.87%) Cisco
8 95 (2.62%) Databricks
9 92 (2.54%) Cloudera
10 57 (1.57%) Atlassian
10 57 (1.57%) SAP
11 53 (1.46%) Bloomberg
12 43 (1.19%) Hortonworks
13 41 (1.13%) MuleSoft
14 39 (1.08%) Dell
15 38 (1.05%) IBM
15 38 (1.05%) Juniper
16 35 (0.97%) HP
16 35 (0.97%) Informatica