Period
to 18 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 18 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
18 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 24 27 44
Rank change year-on-year +3 +17 +23
Contract jobs citing Python 6,760 5,768 4,376
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 7.18% 6.49% 4.35%
As % of the Programming Languages category 16.11% 15.45% 11.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,652 4,101 2,997
England median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £340 £331
90th Percentile £688 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 122 106 69
England median hourly rate £41.63 £40.25 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.43% +7.33% -6.25%
10th Percentile £13.63 £26.25 £14.28
90th Percentile £53.68 £51.88 £49.20
UK median hourly rate £41.77 £40.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.76% +7.33% -6.25%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41,974 37,343 39,751
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 44.61% 42.00% 39.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,716 25,821 27,648
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £281
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 694 731 833
England median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +4.90%
10th Percentile £17.50 £16.25 £14.25
90th Percentile £52.85 £53.75 £51.50
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +7.14%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 18 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 18 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 18 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 4,376 £550 +4.76% 1,213
South East +9 877 £450 +5.88% 373
North of England +7 750 £450 +5.88% 274
North West +18 350 £475 +11.76% 145
Yorkshire -1 309 £450 +5.88% 99
Midlands -1 266 £450 -1.53% 108
East of England +1 254 £425 +6.25% 308
South West 0 220 £450 +5.88% 207
West Midlands -18 150 £488 +2.63% 71
East Midlands +15 115 £413 -2.37% 37
North East +14 91 £393 -15.14% 30
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 18 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 2,473 (36.58%) Linux
2 2,272 (33.61%) DevOps
3 2,149 (31.79%) Agile Software Development
4 2,093 (30.96%) Java
5 2,077 (30.72%) Amazon AWS
6 1,664 (24.62%) Jenkins
7 1,655 (24.48%) SQL
8 1,557 (23.03%) Docker
9 1,537 (22.74%) Ansible
10 1,373 (20.31%) Git (software)
11 1,273 (18.83%) Finance
12 1,220 (18.05%) Bash Shell
13 1,188 (17.57%) Puppet
14 1,131 (16.73%) JavaScript
15 1,115 (16.49%) Continuous Integration
16 1,051 (15.55%) Ruby
17 942 (13.93%) Big Data
18 902 (13.34%) Perl
19 893 (13.21%) Kubernetes
20 890 (13.17%) Analytics
21 878 (12.99%) Opscode Chef
22 858 (12.69%) Unix
23 857 (12.68%) Terraform
24 846 (12.51%) Configuration Management
25 813 (12.03%) Windows
26 772 (11.42%) Hadoop
27 763 (11.29%) Microsoft Azure
28 761 (11.26%) C++
29 753 (11.14%) Test Automation
30 716 (10.59%) Open Source

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 706 (10.44%) Apache Spark
2 385 (5.70%) Elasticsearch
3 370 (5.47%) Apache
4 291 (4.30%) Confluence
5 277 (4.10%) nginx
6 198 (2.93%) Tomcat
7 128 (1.89%) Cloud Foundry
8 124 (1.83%) SAS
9 117 (1.73%) OpenStack
10 84 (1.24%) Apache Solr
11 77 (1.14%) Apache Pig
12 73 (1.08%) CMS
13 68 (1.01%) Apache Airflow
14 67 (0.99%) IIS
15 63 (0.93%) WebSphere
16 60 (0.89%) JBoss
17 51 (0.75%) Jupyter
18 49 (0.72%) WebLogic
19 34 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 34 (0.50%) SharePoint
Applications
1 172 (2.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 45 (0.67%) MS Visio
3 31 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 21 (0.31%) Chatbot
5 18 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
5 18 (0.27%) SPSS
6 17 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
7 16 (0.24%) HipChat
8 11 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
9 9 (0.13%) Stata
10 8 (0.12%) Simulink
11 6 (0.089%) Doxygen
12 3 (0.044%) 3ds Max
12 3 (0.044%) Maya
12 3 (0.044%) Photoshop
13 1 (0.015%) CINEMA 4D
Business Applications
1 17 (0.25%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 12 (0.18%) ION MarketView
3 10 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
4 9 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
5 8 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
5 8 (0.12%) R3 Corda
6 5 (0.074%) Markit EDM
6 5 (0.074%) SAP Hybris
7 4 (0.059%) HFM
7 4 (0.059%) Oracle EBS
7 4 (0.059%) Summit
8 3 (0.044%) Dynamics AX
9 2 (0.030%) Eloqua
9 2 (0.030%) Global One
9 2 (0.030%) LatentZero
9 2 (0.030%) Magento
9 2 (0.030%) PolarLake
9 2 (0.030%) Remedy ITSM
9 2 (0.030%) RMDS
9 2 (0.030%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 2,077 (30.72%) Amazon AWS
2 763 (11.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 409 (6.05%) Google Cloud Platform
4 374 (5.53%) Amazon EC2
5 367 (5.43%) GitHub
6 334 (4.94%) Amazon S3
7 320 (4.73%) Serverless
8 281 (4.16%) AWS CloudFormation
9 269 (3.98%) AWS Lambda
10 201 (2.97%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 174 (2.57%) Cloud Computing
12 166 (2.46%) PaaS
13 139 (2.06%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 130 (1.92%) IaaS
15 119 (1.76%) OpenShift
16 97 (1.43%) npm
17 92 (1.36%) Amazon EMR
18 84 (1.24%) Route 53
19 81 (1.20%) Datadog
19 81 (1.20%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 240 (3.55%) Firewall
2 224 (3.31%) TCP/IP
3 203 (3.00%) HTTP
4 199 (2.94%) SSL
5 174 (2.57%) DNS
6 120 (1.78%) Internet
7 65 (0.96%) BGP
8 63 (0.93%) Kerberos
8 63 (0.93%) VPN
9 60 (0.89%) Network Security
9 60 (0.89%) WAN
10 57 (0.84%) LAN
11 52 (0.77%) MPLS
12 44 (0.65%) SMS
13 41 (0.61%) Wireless
14 40 (0.59%) DHCP
15 36 (0.53%) OSPF
16 33 (0.49%) SNMP
17 31 (0.46%) SSH
18 30 (0.44%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 942 (13.93%) Big Data
2 772 (11.42%) Hadoop
3 613 (9.07%) NoSQL
4 591 (8.74%) PostgreSQL
5 514 (7.60%) MySQL
6 510 (7.54%) MongoDB
7 488 (7.22%) Relational Database
8 415 (6.14%) SQL Server
9 314 (4.64%) Apache Cassandra
10 312 (4.62%) Apache Hive
11 249 (3.68%) Data Warehouse
12 228 (3.37%) Amazon Redshift
13 204 (3.02%) HBase
14 192 (2.84%) Redis
15 172 (2.54%) Amazon RDS
16 162 (2.40%) RDBMS
17 154 (2.28%) Power BI
18 122 (1.80%) Impala
19 114 (1.69%) Data Lake
20 103 (1.52%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 1,664 (24.62%) Jenkins
2 1,373 (20.31%) Git (software)
3 586 (8.67%) JIRA
4 255 (3.77%) Selenium
5 243 (3.59%) Maven
6 237 (3.51%) Subversion
7 230 (3.40%) Sonatype Nexus
8 209 (3.09%) TeamCity
9 177 (2.62%) Cucumber
10 145 (2.14%) Bitbucket
11 144 (2.13%) GitLab
12 141 (2.09%) Artifactory
13 133 (1.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 120 (1.78%) Vagrant
15 99 (1.46%) Gradle
15 99 (1.46%) Visual Studio
16 97 (1.43%) Ant
17 93 (1.38%) SonarQube
18 89 (1.32%) Travis CI
19 87 (1.29%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 1,273 (18.83%) Finance
2 618 (9.14%) Banking
3 320 (4.73%) Front Office
4 223 (3.30%) Retail
5 170 (2.51%) Investment Banking
6 161 (2.38%) Telecoms
7 150 (2.22%) Marketing
8 100 (1.48%) Games
9 57 (0.84%) Financial Institution
10 53 (0.78%) Electronics
11 52 (0.77%) Manufacturing
12 44 (0.65%) Law
13 40 (0.59%) Back Office
14 37 (0.55%) Advertising
14 37 (0.55%) Publishing
15 29 (0.43%) Automotive
16 25 (0.37%) Legal
17 16 (0.24%) French Language
17 16 (0.24%) Retail Banking
18 15 (0.22%) Mandarin Language
Job Titles
1 2,354 (34.82%) Developer
2 1,405 (20.78%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,159 (17.14%) Python Developer
4 590 (8.73%) AWS Engineer
5 459 (6.79%) Data Engineer
6 454 (6.72%) AWS DevOps
7 405 (5.99%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 392 (5.80%) Python Engineer
9 323 (4.78%) Analyst
10 311 (4.60%) Data Scientist
11 272 (4.02%) Java Developer
12 264 (3.91%) Software Engineer
13 257 (3.80%) Senior Developer
14 217 (3.21%) Architect
15 214 (3.17%) Cloud Engineer
16 199 (2.94%) Linux Engineer
17 198 (2.93%) C++ Developer
18 197 (2.91%) Django Developer
19 191 (2.83%) Consultant
20 185 (2.74%) Big Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 580 (8.58%) HTML
2 574 (8.49%) Node.js
3 537 (7.94%) Web Services
4 493 (7.29%) Django
5 473 (7.00%) Kafka
6 462 (6.83%) CSS
7 432 (6.39%) REST
8 361 (5.34%) React
9 298 (4.41%) XML
10 297 (4.39%) AngularJS
11 294 (4.35%) Elastic Stack
12 276 (4.08%) JSON
13 252 (3.73%) RESTful
14 229 (3.39%) .NET
15 184 (2.72%) HTML5
16 170 (2.51%) Spring
17 168 (2.49%) Middleware
18 156 (2.31%) Pandas
19 149 (2.20%) RabbitMQ
20 148 (2.19%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 506 (7.49%) Analytical Skills
2 440 (6.51%) Computer Science
3 393 (5.81%) Algorithms
4 246 (3.64%) Greenfield Project
4 246 (3.64%) Linux Command Line
5 190 (2.81%) Derivative
6 167 (2.47%) Fixed Income
7 154 (2.28%) Data Structures
8 153 (2.26%) Data Centre
9 139 (2.06%) Fintech
9 139 (2.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 133 (1.97%) Self-Motivation
11 127 (1.88%) Mobile App
11 127 (1.88%) User Experience
12 104 (1.54%) Public Cloud
13 95 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
14 80 (1.18%) Clustering
15 74 (1.09%) Hedge funds
15 74 (1.09%) iPad
16 65 (0.96%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 2,473 (36.58%) Linux
2 858 (12.69%) Unix
3 813 (12.03%) Windows
4 417 (6.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 249 (3.68%) CentOS
6 236 (3.49%) Ubuntu
7 113 (1.67%) Windows Server
8 101 (1.49%) Android
9 85 (1.26%) Apple iOS
10 66 (0.98%) Solaris
11 52 (0.77%) Debian
12 40 (0.59%) Windows Server 2008
13 36 (0.53%) AIX
14 35 (0.52%) DC/OS
15 30 (0.44%) VMS
16 27 (0.40%) CoreOS
17 25 (0.37%) Mac OS X
18 19 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
19 17 (0.25%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
20 13 (0.19%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,272 (33.61%) DevOps
2 2,149 (31.79%) Agile Software Development
3 1,115 (16.49%) Continuous Integration
4 890 (13.17%) Analytics
5 846 (12.51%) Configuration Management
6 753 (11.14%) Test Automation
7 716 (10.59%) Open Source
8 700 (10.36%) Data Science
8 700 (10.36%) TDD
9 624 (9.23%) Software Engineering
10 562 (8.31%) Scrum
11 556 (8.22%) Machine Learning
12 555 (8.21%) Problem-Solving
13 481 (7.12%) Microservices
14 456 (6.75%) ETL
15 413 (6.11%) Migration
16 408 (6.04%) OO
17 365 (5.40%) Business Intelligence
18 354 (5.24%) SDLC
19 348 (5.15%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,093 (30.96%) Java
2 1,655 (24.48%) SQL
3 1,220 (18.05%) Bash Shell
4 1,131 (16.73%) JavaScript
5 1,051 (15.55%) Ruby
6 902 (13.34%) Perl
7 761 (11.26%) C++
8 679 (10.04%) C#
9 590 (8.73%) Scala
10 521 (7.71%) R
11 411 (6.08%) PowerShell
12 408 (6.04%) Go
13 388 (5.74%) Shell Script
14 387 (5.72%) C
15 275 (4.07%) Groovy
16 234 (3.46%) PHP
17 117 (1.73%) MATLAB
18 111 (1.64%) VBA
19 93 (1.38%) Java 8
20 92 (1.36%) Korn
Qualifications
1 538 (7.96%) Degree
2 447 (6.61%) Security Cleared
3 367 (5.43%) SC Cleared
4 174 (2.57%) Computer Science Degree
5 118 (1.75%) PhD
6 103 (1.52%) AWS Certification
7 77 (1.14%) Cisco Certification
8 71 (1.05%) Master's Degree
9 56 (0.83%) DV Cleared
10 50 (0.74%) CCNP
11 47 (0.70%) Numerate Degree
12 39 (0.58%) BPSS Clearance
13 37 (0.55%) CCNA
14 23 (0.34%) CISSP
14 23 (0.34%) ISTQB
15 19 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
16 15 (0.22%) RHCE
17 14 (0.21%) ISEB
17 14 (0.21%) SANS
18 10 (0.15%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 200 (2.96%) QA
2 199 (2.94%) GCP
3 108 (1.60%) Data Quality
4 48 (0.71%) GDPR
5 24 (0.36%) SLA
6 22 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 16 (0.24%) MiFID
8 15 (0.22%) PMO
9 13 (0.19%) EMIR
10 11 (0.16%) MISRA
11 10 (0.15%) MISRA C
12 9 (0.13%) IFRS
13 7 (0.10%) IFRS 9
14 5 (0.074%) PCI DSS
15 3 (0.044%) Cyber Essentials
15 3 (0.044%) Disclosure Scotland
15 3 (0.044%) DO-178B
15 3 (0.044%) Dodd-Frank
15 3 (0.044%) IEC 62304
15 3 (0.044%) Solvency II
System Software
1 1,557 (23.03%) Docker
2 174 (2.57%) VMware Infrastructure
3 139 (2.06%) HDFS
4 110 (1.63%) Virtual Machines
5 88 (1.30%) Active Directory
6 81 (1.20%) Apache Flume
7 53 (0.78%) VirtualBox
8 52 (0.77%) Hyper-V
9 43 (0.64%) Firmware
10 40 (0.59%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 32 (0.47%) Xen
12 30 (0.44%) NFS
13 29 (0.43%) KVM
14 28 (0.41%) etcd
15 27 (0.40%) vSphere
16 25 (0.37%) flannel
16 25 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
17 17 (0.25%) Veritas Cluster Server
18 15 (0.22%) LXC
18 15 (0.22%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 1,537 (22.74%) Ansible
2 1,188 (17.57%) Puppet
3 893 (13.21%) Kubernetes
4 878 (12.99%) Opscode Chef
5 857 (12.68%) Terraform
6 209 (3.09%) Salt
7 203 (3.00%) Packer
8 196 (2.90%) Nagios
9 193 (2.86%) Kibana
10 175 (2.59%) Grafana
11 135 (2.00%) logstash
12 132 (1.95%) Prometheus
13 108 (1.60%) ZABBIX
14 102 (1.51%) Mesos
15 97 (1.43%) Hadoop YARN
16 84 (1.24%) Consul
17 83 (1.23%) HAProxy
18 75 (1.11%) Docker Swarm
19 65 (0.96%) Oozie
20 53 (0.78%) Rancher
Vendors
1 652 (9.64%) Oracle
2 503 (7.44%) Google
3 382 (5.65%) Red Hat
4 326 (4.82%) Microsoft
5 307 (4.54%) Splunk
6 253 (3.74%) VMware
7 229 (3.39%) Tableau
8 163 (2.41%) Cloudera
9 150 (2.22%) Atlassian
10 142 (2.10%) IBM
11 140 (2.07%) New Relic
12 124 (1.83%) Cisco
13 115 (1.70%) SaltStack
14 89 (1.32%) Hortonworks
15 78 (1.15%) SAP
16 73 (1.08%) Alteryx
17 72 (1.07%) Adobe
17 72 (1.07%) Sybase
18 60 (0.89%) HP
18 60 (0.89%) Informatica