Period
to 3 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 3 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
3 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 15 15
Rank change year-on-year +3 0 +10
Contract jobs citing Python 6,017 3,254 7,209
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 10.42% 10.17% 8.60%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.67% 24.41% 20.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,308 2,342 4,909
10th Percentile £381 £375 £388
25th Percentile £456 £450 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £538
Median % change year-on-year - +2.33% +2.38%
75th Percentile £650 £650 £625
90th Percentile £713 £740 £700
UK median daily rate £538 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +2.38% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 76 58 115
10th Percentile £20.00 £20.39 £18.38
25th Percentile £25.50 £30.46 £32.50
Median hourly rate £40.50 £42.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year -4.71% -5.56% +8.43%
75th Percentile £51.17 £47.75 £51.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £58.55 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -5.88% -5.56% +8.43%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 23,443 13,333 35,867
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 40.60% 41.65% 42.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,844 9,519 25,315
10th Percentile £350 £325 £325
25th Percentile £413 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £500 £480
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +1.05%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 414 245 584
10th Percentile £16.20 £15.51 £20.25
25th Percentile £24.75 £22.50 £34.00
Median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year - -5.56% +9.76%
75th Percentile £55.00 £50.00 £51.25
90th Percentile £64.75 £59.20 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year - -5.56% +11.11%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 3 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 4,032 £575 +4.55% 1,496
South East -2 457 £500 +5.26% 331
North of England -5 410 £475 -7.09% 360
South West +4 314 £475 -9.52% 182
North West -2 210 £475 -6.59% 200
Yorkshire -3 180 £475 -7.32% 137
East of England +13 179 £506 +6.58% 235
Midlands +11 168 £450 -11.11% 199
West Midlands +3 136 £475 -7.32% 139
East Midlands +8 32 £400 +1.91% 59
North East -18 21 £600 +21.21% 23
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 3 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 2,035 (33.82%) SQL
2 1,995 (33.16%) AWS
3 1,821 (30.26%) Agile Software Development
4 1,765 (29.33%) DevOps
5 1,662 (27.62%) Azure
6 1,611 (26.77%) Java
7 1,354 (22.50%) Finance
8 1,202 (19.98%) Linux
9 1,082 (17.98%) Social Skills
10 1,066 (17.72%) Kubernetes
11 1,043 (17.33%) Docker
12 1,015 (16.87%) JavaScript
13 984 (16.35%) Terraform
14 980 (16.29%) Analytics
15 950 (15.79%) Git (software)
16 891 (14.81%) Software Engineering
17 887 (14.74%) Ansible
18 873 (14.51%) Jenkins
19 760 (12.63%) GCP
20 701 (11.65%) Test Automation
21 657 (10.92%) Bash Shell
22 640 (10.64%) Serverless
23 634 (10.54%) Data Science
24 590 (9.81%) Banking
25 588 (9.77%) Oracle
26 558 (9.27%) C#
27 551 (9.16%) Microservices
28 533 (8.86%) Degree
29 532 (8.84%) React
30 531 (8.82%) C++

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 463 (7.69%) Apache Spark
2 252 (4.19%) Confluence
3 249 (4.14%) Apache
4 152 (2.53%) Apache Airflow
5 120 (1.99%) SAS
6 96 (1.60%) Elasticsearch
7 73 (1.21%) SharePoint
8 66 (1.10%) nginx
8 66 (1.10%) Tomcat
9 54 (0.90%) Jupyter
10 40 (0.66%) Oracle Coherence
11 38 (0.63%) BizTalk Server
12 36 (0.60%) WebSphere
13 35 (0.58%) IIS
13 35 (0.58%) WebLogic
14 31 (0.52%) OpenStack
15 27 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
15 27 (0.45%) Luigi
16 25 (0.42%) CMS
17 19 (0.32%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 166 (2.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 59 (0.98%) Microsoft Office
3 34 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 17 (0.28%) SPSS
5 14 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
6 13 (0.22%) Chatbot
7 11 (0.18%) Stata
8 10 (0.17%) MS Visio
9 7 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
10 4 (0.066%) Blender
10 4 (0.066%) Maya
10 4 (0.066%) Simulink
11 3 (0.050%) Photoshop
12 2 (0.033%) Doxygen
12 2 (0.033%) GIMP
12 2 (0.033%) Houdini
12 2 (0.033%) SOLIDWORKS
12 2 (0.033%) ZBrush
13 1 (0.017%) MotionBuilder
13 1 (0.017%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 32 (0.53%) SunGard Martini
2 24 (0.40%) ION MarketView
3 22 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
4 12 (0.20%) Magento
5 9 (0.15%) Sentinel
6 7 (0.12%) RMDS
7 6 (0.100%) Relativity
8 5 (0.083%) IBM Planning Analytics
8 5 (0.083%) Maximo
8 5 (0.083%) Remedy ITSM
8 5 (0.083%) Shopify
9 4 (0.066%) Oracle EBS
9 4 (0.066%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 4 (0.066%) Towers Watson Igloo
10 3 (0.050%) SAP Hybris
10 3 (0.050%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 2 (0.033%) Dynamics AX
11 2 (0.033%) SAP HCM
11 2 (0.033%) SAP R/3
11 2 (0.033%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,995 (33.16%) AWS
2 1,662 (27.62%) Azure
3 760 (12.63%) GCP
4 640 (10.64%) Serverless
5 430 (7.15%) AWS Lambda
6 362 (6.02%) GitHub
7 336 (5.58%) Power Platform
8 252 (4.19%) Amazon S3
9 248 (4.12%) AWS CloudFormation
10 219 (3.64%) PaaS
11 218 (3.62%) Azure Data Factory
12 206 (3.42%) Amazon EC2
13 188 (3.12%) IaaS
14 159 (2.64%) SaaS
15 140 (2.33%) Azure Functions
16 118 (1.96%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 116 (1.93%) Amazon EKS
18 109 (1.81%) Azure Synapse Analytics
19 106 (1.76%) Amazon ECS
20 96 (1.60%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 195 (3.24%) Firewall
2 135 (2.24%) HTTP
3 124 (2.06%) DNS
4 110 (1.83%) TCP/IP
5 69 (1.15%) Internet
6 57 (0.95%) SSL
6 57 (0.95%) Wireless
7 51 (0.85%) Network Security
8 50 (0.83%) VPN
9 49 (0.81%) Wi-Fi
10 41 (0.68%) SAN
11 40 (0.66%) WAN
12 37 (0.61%) LAN
13 36 (0.60%) Multicast
14 34 (0.57%) BGP
15 33 (0.55%) DHCP
16 31 (0.52%) Kerberos
17 27 (0.45%) SSH
18 26 (0.43%) Radio Access Network
19 25 (0.42%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 472 (7.84%) Big Data
2 370 (6.15%) Hadoop
3 369 (6.13%) Data Warehouse
4 324 (5.38%) SQL Server
5 320 (5.32%) NoSQL
6 319 (5.30%) Power BI
7 316 (5.25%) PostgreSQL
8 300 (4.99%) Relational Database
9 261 (4.34%) Data Lake
10 227 (3.77%) MongoDB
11 226 (3.76%) Tableau
12 201 (3.34%) MySQL
13 189 (3.14%) Apache Hive
14 158 (2.63%) BigQuery
15 152 (2.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 144 (2.39%) Azure SQL Database
17 127 (2.11%) Amazon Redshift
18 115 (1.91%) Oracle Database
19 93 (1.55%) Apache Cassandra
19 93 (1.55%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 950 (15.79%) Git (software)
2 873 (14.51%) Jenkins
3 462 (7.68%) JIRA
4 245 (4.07%) GitLab
5 190 (3.16%) Bitbucket
6 176 (2.93%) Maven
7 153 (2.54%) TeamCity
8 137 (2.28%) Subversion
9 116 (1.93%) Artifactory
10 107 (1.78%) Selenium
11 105 (1.75%) Visual Studio
12 100 (1.66%) Sonatype Nexus
13 79 (1.31%) Gradle
14 75 (1.25%) Cucumber
15 68 (1.13%) JUnit
16 63 (1.05%) CircleCI
17 59 (0.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 48 (0.80%) Travis CI
19 46 (0.76%) SonarQube
20 45 (0.75%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 1,354 (22.50%) Finance
2 1,082 (17.98%) Social Skills
3 590 (9.81%) Banking
4 525 (8.73%) Analytical Skills
5 410 (6.81%) Front Office
6 280 (4.65%) Public Sector
7 232 (3.86%) Investment Banking
8 159 (2.64%) Marketing
9 151 (2.51%) Telecoms
10 143 (2.38%) Presentation Skills
11 116 (1.93%) Retail
12 79 (1.31%) Electronics
13 75 (1.25%) Manufacturing
14 64 (1.06%) Financial Institution
15 59 (0.98%) Documentation Skills
16 58 (0.96%) Legal
17 56 (0.93%) Back Office
18 47 (0.78%) Law
19 40 (0.66%) Organisational Skills
20 37 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,836 (30.51%) Developer
2 807 (13.41%) Python Developer
3 713 (11.85%) Data Engineer
4 647 (10.75%) DevOps Engineer
5 414 (6.88%) Analyst
6 385 (6.40%) Python Engineer
7 335 (5.57%) AWS Engineer
8 299 (4.97%) Software Engineer
9 297 (4.94%) Architect
10 279 (4.64%) Data Scientist
11 256 (4.25%) Azure Engineer
12 196 (3.26%) Data Analyst
13 194 (3.22%) Cloud Engineer
14 175 (2.91%) Java Developer
15 169 (2.81%) React Developer
16 159 (2.64%) Consultant
17 156 (2.59%) Senior Developer
18 133 (2.21%) AWS DevOps
19 128 (2.13%) Full Stack Developer
20 109 (1.81%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 532 (8.84%) React
2 443 (7.36%) .NET
3 406 (6.75%) Web Services
4 396 (6.58%) Node.js
5 387 (6.43%) Kafka
6 349 (5.80%) AngularJS
7 315 (5.24%) REST
8 312 (5.19%) Django
9 292 (4.85%) HTML
10 244 (4.06%) JSON
11 233 (3.87%) CSS
12 227 (3.77%) Flask
13 214 (3.56%) PySpark
14 207 (3.44%) RESTful
15 195 (3.24%) Pandas
16 176 (2.93%) NumPy
17 167 (2.78%) Spring
18 153 (2.54%) XML
19 131 (2.18%) GraphQL
20 130 (2.16%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 266 (4.42%) Algorithms
2 228 (3.79%) Cloud Native
3 212 (3.52%) Derivative
4 193 (3.21%) Fixed Income
5 174 (2.89%) Equities
6 167 (2.78%) Data Protection Act
7 159 (2.64%) Data Structures
8 148 (2.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 145 (2.41%) Hedge funds
10 141 (2.34%) User Experience
11 123 (2.04%) Data Centre
12 122 (2.03%) Management Information System
13 115 (1.91%) Public Cloud
14 100 (1.66%) Greenfield Project
15 80 (1.33%) Self-Motivation
16 78 (1.30%) Legacy Systems
17 75 (1.25%) Credit Risk
17 75 (1.25%) Linux Command Line
18 59 (0.98%) Market Risk
19 56 (0.93%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 1,202 (19.98%) Linux
2 506 (8.41%) Windows
3 380 (6.32%) Unix
4 163 (2.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 76 (1.26%) Windows Server
6 72 (1.20%) CentOS
7 61 (1.01%) Ubuntu
8 32 (0.53%) Android
9 28 (0.47%) Solaris
10 22 (0.37%) Windows Server 2016
11 19 (0.32%) Apple iOS
12 18 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
12 18 (0.30%) VMS
13 17 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
14 16 (0.27%) Debian
15 15 (0.25%) Mac OS X
15 15 (0.25%) Windows Server 2019
16 14 (0.23%) AIX
16 14 (0.23%) OpenWrt
16 14 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,821 (30.26%) Agile Software Development
2 1,765 (29.33%) DevOps
3 980 (16.29%) Analytics
4 891 (14.81%) Software Engineering
5 701 (11.65%) Test Automation
6 634 (10.54%) Data Science
7 551 (9.16%) Microservices
8 497 (8.26%) Business Intelligence
9 492 (8.18%) Problem-Solving
10 484 (8.04%) ETL
11 481 (7.99%) Machine Learning
12 480 (7.98%) Infrastructure as Code
13 477 (7.93%) Scrum
14 453 (7.53%) Continuous Integration
15 452 (7.51%) Full Stack Development
16 433 (7.20%) Visualisation
17 419 (6.96%) Data Engineering
18 414 (6.88%) Data Modelling
19 406 (6.75%) Computer Science
20 395 (6.56%) Data Pipeline
Programming Languages
1 2,035 (33.82%) SQL
2 1,611 (26.77%) Java
3 1,015 (16.87%) JavaScript
4 657 (10.92%) Bash Shell
5 558 (9.27%) C#
6 531 (8.82%) C++
7 484 (8.04%) PowerShell
8 460 (7.65%) Scala
9 401 (6.66%) R
10 341 (5.67%) Go
11 317 (5.27%) TypeScript
12 254 (4.22%) Ruby
13 239 (3.97%) Perl
14 223 (3.71%) Shell Script
15 197 (3.27%) C
16 158 (2.63%) PL/SQL
17 147 (2.44%) Groovy
18 143 (2.38%) PHP
19 142 (2.36%) Kotlin
20 134 (2.23%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 533 (8.86%) Degree
2 479 (7.96%) Security Cleared
3 360 (5.98%) SC Cleared
4 131 (2.18%) Computer Science Degree
5 79 (1.31%) DV Cleared
6 73 (1.21%) AWS Certification
7 71 (1.18%) PhD
8 57 (0.95%) Cisco Certification
9 48 (0.80%) BPSS Clearance
10 47 (0.78%) Master's Degree
11 38 (0.63%) CCNA
12 36 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
13 34 (0.57%) CISSP
14 33 (0.55%) CCNP
15 22 (0.37%) RHCE
16 17 (0.28%) DBS Check
17 15 (0.25%) CCIE
18 13 (0.22%) CISM
18 13 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
18 13 (0.22%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 227 (3.77%) QA
2 161 (2.68%) Data Quality
3 58 (0.96%) GDPR
4 35 (0.58%) Accessibility
5 29 (0.48%) SLA
6 18 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
7 16 (0.27%) IFRS
7 16 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 14 (0.23%) GRC
9 10 (0.17%) MiFID
10 9 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 7 (0.12%) JTAG
12 6 (0.100%) NCSC
13 5 (0.083%) EMIR
13 5 (0.083%) HIPAA
13 5 (0.083%) IFRS 9
13 5 (0.083%) NIST
14 4 (0.066%) HL7
15 3 (0.050%) CDISC
15 3 (0.050%) COBIT
System Software
1 1,043 (17.33%) Docker
2 136 (2.26%) VMware Infrastructure
3 114 (1.89%) Active Directory
4 86 (1.43%) HDFS
5 44 (0.73%) Virtual Machines
6 38 (0.63%) VMware ESXi
7 31 (0.52%) vSphere
8 22 (0.37%) Firmware
8 22 (0.37%) Hyper-V
9 21 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 21 (0.35%) Platform Symphony
10 13 (0.22%) Varnish
11 12 (0.20%) BitLocker
11 12 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
12 11 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
12 11 (0.18%) VMware NSX
13 10 (0.17%) KVM
13 10 (0.17%) NFS
14 9 (0.15%) Apache Flume
15 7 (0.12%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 1,066 (17.72%) Kubernetes
2 984 (16.35%) Terraform
3 887 (14.74%) Ansible
4 331 (5.50%) Puppet
5 212 (3.52%) Opscode Chef
6 113 (1.88%) Grafana
7 98 (1.63%) Prometheus
8 69 (1.15%) Istio
9 68 (1.13%) Kibana
10 53 (0.88%) Rancher
11 46 (0.76%) Docker Swarm
11 46 (0.76%) Packer
12 35 (0.58%) Nagios
13 34 (0.57%) BladeLogic
14 33 (0.55%) logstash
15 28 (0.47%) Control-M
15 28 (0.47%) Oozie
16 25 (0.42%) SCCM
17 24 (0.40%) vRealize
17 24 (0.40%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 588 (9.77%) Oracle
2 406 (6.75%) Google
3 396 (6.58%) Microsoft
4 358 (5.95%) Databricks
5 198 (3.29%) VMware
6 187 (3.11%) Red Hat
7 149 (2.48%) Splunk
8 104 (1.73%) IBM
9 98 (1.63%) SAP
10 94 (1.56%) Cisco
11 93 (1.55%) Informatica
12 78 (1.30%) Cloudera
12 78 (1.30%) MuleSoft
13 72 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
14 52 (0.86%) Atlassian
14 52 (0.86%) ServiceNow
15 49 (0.81%) New Relic
16 48 (0.80%) Alteryx
17 47 (0.78%) HP
18 42 (0.70%) Teradata