Period
to 17 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 17 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
17 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 25 32 46
Rank change year-on-year +7 +14 +18
Contract jobs citing Python 6,230 4,959 3,875
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 6.75% 5.57% 3.91%
As % of the Programming Languages category 15.94% 13.73% 10.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,500 3,469 2,754
England median daily rate £525 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.38% +1.05% +5.56%
10th Percentile £375 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £625 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £465
% change year-on-year +10.53% +2.10% +3.39%
Number of hourly rates quoted 160 77 95
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £40.00
10th Percentile £24.50 £22.76 £26.80
90th Percentile £52.50 £47.50 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £40.25
% change year-on-year - -0.62% +21.05%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 39,089 36,117 38,530
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.32% 40.60% 38.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 27,696 25,028 26,483
England median daily rate £475 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £313 £295 £275
90th Percentile £638 £606 £600
UK median daily rate £455 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +7.06% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 712 789 984
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +13.64%
10th Percentile £17.43 £15.25 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.48 £51.32 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +14.98%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 17 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 17 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 17 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 4,191 £550 +10.00% 1,274
South East +1 691 £475 +5.56% 350
North of England +4 578 £488 +14.71% 239
East of England +9 284 £450 +4.35% 312
North West +10 275 £500 +17.65% 128
Yorkshire -11 261 £475 +10.47% 96
South West +15 252 £450 - 174
Midlands +34 234 £500 +11.11% 97
West Midlands +30 153 £488 +8.33% 62
East Midlands +3 69 £500 +25.00% 35
North East +30 47 £535 +28.92% 15
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 17 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 2,311 (37.09%) Linux
2 2,182 (35.02%) Java
3 2,072 (33.26%) DevOps
4 2,067 (33.18%) Agile Software Development
5 1,763 (28.30%) Amazon AWS
6 1,379 (22.13%) Jenkins
7 1,336 (21.44%) Ruby
7 1,336 (21.44%) SQL
8 1,271 (20.40%) Docker
9 1,259 (20.21%) Git (software)
10 1,252 (20.10%) Ansible
11 1,195 (19.18%) Bash Shell
12 1,171 (18.80%) Finance
13 1,031 (16.55%) Puppet
14 1,002 (16.08%) Continuous Integration
15 964 (15.47%) JavaScript
16 904 (14.51%) Unix
17 834 (13.39%) Perl
18 811 (13.02%) Configuration Management
19 790 (12.68%) Big Data
20 751 (12.05%) Test Automation
21 746 (11.97%) TDD
22 736 (11.81%) Opscode Chef
23 711 (11.41%) C++
24 707 (11.35%) Banking
25 699 (11.22%) C#
26 687 (11.03%) Open Source
27 674 (10.82%) Hadoop
28 673 (10.80%) Analytics
29 670 (10.75%) Apache Spark

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 670 (10.75%) Apache Spark
2 380 (6.10%) Apache
3 333 (5.35%) Confluence
4 269 (4.32%) nginx
5 219 (3.52%) Elasticsearch
6 200 (3.21%) Tomcat
7 124 (1.99%) OpenStack
8 113 (1.81%) SAS
9 100 (1.61%) Cloud Foundry
10 82 (1.32%) Apache Pig
11 71 (1.14%) Jupyter
12 69 (1.11%) JBoss
13 53 (0.85%) IIS
14 47 (0.75%) WebSphere
15 37 (0.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 36 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
16 36 (0.58%) Apache Solr
17 34 (0.55%) CMS
18 33 (0.53%) WebLogic
19 24 (0.39%) Jetty
Applications
1 157 (2.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 39 (0.63%) Spreadsheet
3 32 (0.51%) SPSS
4 25 (0.40%) HipChat
5 23 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
6 13 (0.21%) Chatbot
6 13 (0.21%) Photoshop
7 12 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 10 (0.16%) Simulink
9 9 (0.14%) Pipeline Pilot
10 8 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
11 7 (0.11%) Stata
12 6 (0.096%) Doxygen
13 5 (0.080%) CINEMA 4D
13 5 (0.080%) Weka
14 4 (0.064%) Microsoft Project
14 4 (0.064%) Vectorworks
15 2 (0.032%) Houdini
15 2 (0.032%) Maya
15 2 (0.032%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 23 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
2 19 (0.30%) RMDS
3 13 (0.21%) Magento
4 9 (0.14%) ReMetrica
5 8 (0.13%) Temenos T24
6 7 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
6 7 (0.11%) ION MarketView
6 7 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 6 (0.096%) SAP ERP
7 6 (0.096%) Summit
7 6 (0.096%) SunGard GMI
8 5 (0.080%) Odoo
9 4 (0.064%) Distributed Ledger
10 3 (0.048%) BondVision
10 3 (0.048%) Dynamics CRM
10 3 (0.048%) Eloqua
10 3 (0.048%) HiPortfolio
10 3 (0.048%) Radian6
11 2 (0.032%) Relativity
11 2 (0.032%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,763 (28.30%) Amazon AWS
2 567 (9.10%) Microsoft Azure
3 308 (4.94%) GitHub
4 266 (4.27%) Amazon EC2
5 263 (4.22%) AWS CloudFormation
6 245 (3.93%) Serverless
7 231 (3.71%) Amazon S3
7 231 (3.71%) Google Cloud Platform
8 194 (3.11%) AWS Lambda
9 177 (2.84%) PaaS
10 134 (2.15%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 126 (2.02%) IaaS
12 114 (1.83%) OpenShift
13 112 (1.80%) Cloud Computing
14 106 (1.70%) Route 53
15 87 (1.40%) SaaS
16 82 (1.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 66 (1.06%) Amazon ELB
18 49 (0.79%) Slack
19 48 (0.77%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 280 (4.49%) TCP/IP
2 243 (3.90%) HTTP
3 215 (3.45%) Firewall
4 171 (2.74%) DNS
5 132 (2.12%) SSL
6 103 (1.65%) Internet
7 75 (1.20%) Wireless
8 71 (1.14%) Network Security
9 67 (1.08%) LAN
9 67 (1.08%) WAN
10 64 (1.03%) DHCP
11 59 (0.95%) VPN
12 45 (0.72%) SAN
13 37 (0.59%) SMS
14 35 (0.56%) Kerberos
15 34 (0.55%) Bluetooth
16 32 (0.51%) BIG-IP
16 32 (0.51%) MPLS
16 32 (0.51%) VLAN
17 29 (0.47%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 790 (12.68%) Big Data
2 674 (10.82%) Hadoop
3 519 (8.33%) MySQL
4 493 (7.91%) NoSQL
5 460 (7.38%) PostgreSQL
6 440 (7.06%) Relational Database
7 424 (6.81%) SQL Server
8 423 (6.79%) MongoDB
9 271 (4.35%) Apache Hive
10 246 (3.95%) Data Warehouse
11 217 (3.48%) Apache Cassandra
12 178 (2.86%) Amazon RDS
13 175 (2.81%) RDBMS
14 149 (2.39%) HBase
15 134 (2.15%) Oracle Database
16 112 (1.80%) Amazon Redshift
17 111 (1.78%) Power BI
18 104 (1.67%) Redis
19 88 (1.41%) Data Mining
20 68 (1.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,379 (22.13%) Jenkins
2 1,259 (20.21%) Git (software)
3 568 (9.12%) JIRA
4 298 (4.78%) Maven
5 258 (4.14%) TeamCity
6 242 (3.88%) Subversion
7 238 (3.82%) Selenium
8 219 (3.52%) Sonatype Nexus
9 161 (2.58%) Cucumber
10 130 (2.09%) JUnit
11 127 (2.04%) Artifactory
12 124 (1.99%) Bitbucket
13 122 (1.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 102 (1.64%) Gradle
14 102 (1.64%) SonarQube
15 99 (1.59%) Ant
16 90 (1.44%) GitLab
17 86 (1.38%) Visual Studio
18 80 (1.28%) Vagrant
19 69 (1.11%) WebDriver
General
1 1,171 (18.80%) Finance
2 707 (11.35%) Banking
3 360 (5.78%) Front Office
4 277 (4.45%) Investment Banking
5 176 (2.83%) Retail
6 161 (2.58%) Telecoms
7 139 (2.23%) Marketing
8 102 (1.64%) Games
9 100 (1.61%) Electronics
10 90 (1.44%) Publishing
11 72 (1.16%) Manufacturing
12 49 (0.79%) Financial Institution
13 44 (0.71%) Retail Banking
14 41 (0.66%) Law
15 27 (0.43%) Back Office
16 26 (0.42%) Advertising
16 26 (0.42%) Automotive
17 20 (0.32%) French Language
17 20 (0.32%) Legal
18 18 (0.29%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,069 (33.21%) Developer
2 1,270 (20.39%) DevOps Engineer
3 884 (14.19%) Python Developer
4 501 (8.04%) AWS Engineer
5 417 (6.69%) AWS DevOps
6 397 (6.37%) Data Engineer
7 365 (5.86%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 325 (5.22%) Data Scientist
9 318 (5.10%) Analyst
9 318 (5.10%) Java Developer
10 298 (4.78%) Linux Engineer
11 259 (4.16%) Architect
12 230 (3.69%) Senior Developer
13 222 (3.56%) Cloud Engineer
14 210 (3.37%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 193 (3.10%) Consultant
16 192 (3.08%) Senior DevOps
17 187 (3.00%) Software Engineer
18 186 (2.99%) Big Data Engineer
19 180 (2.89%) Linux DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 608 (9.76%) Web Services
2 486 (7.80%) HTML
3 466 (7.48%) Node.js
4 417 (6.69%) CSS
5 367 (5.89%) Django
6 339 (5.44%) REST
7 312 (5.01%) Kafka
8 286 (4.59%) .NET
9 258 (4.14%) RESTful
9 258 (4.14%) XML
10 248 (3.98%) AngularJS
11 243 (3.90%) Elastic Stack
12 230 (3.69%) JSON
13 229 (3.68%) React
14 203 (3.26%) Flask
15 197 (3.16%) HTML5
15 197 (3.16%) Spring
16 164 (2.63%) Pandas
17 150 (2.41%) NumPy
18 142 (2.28%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 592 (9.50%) Analytical Skills
2 376 (6.04%) Computer Science
3 267 (4.29%) Algorithms
4 190 (3.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 170 (2.73%) Derivative
6 161 (2.58%) Fixed Income
7 153 (2.46%) Greenfield Project
8 145 (2.33%) Public Cloud
9 116 (1.86%) Fintech
10 112 (1.80%) User Experience
11 108 (1.73%) Data Centre
12 104 (1.67%) Enterprise Software
13 102 (1.64%) Data Structures
14 101 (1.62%) Linux Command Line
15 80 (1.28%) Equities
15 80 (1.28%) Management Information System
16 74 (1.19%) Mobile App
17 64 (1.03%) Clustering
18 63 (1.01%) Credit Risk
18 63 (1.01%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 2,311 (37.09%) Linux
2 904 (14.51%) Unix
3 670 (10.75%) Windows
4 397 (6.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 230 (3.69%) CentOS
6 137 (2.20%) Ubuntu
7 78 (1.25%) Solaris
8 73 (1.17%) Windows Server
9 68 (1.09%) Android
10 65 (1.04%) Mac OS X
11 47 (0.75%) CoreOS
12 40 (0.64%) Debian
13 34 (0.55%) AIX
14 31 (0.50%) Apple iOS
15 28 (0.45%) Windows Server 2008
16 25 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
17 23 (0.37%) Mac OS
18 18 (0.29%) Windows 10
18 18 (0.29%) Windows 7
19 15 (0.24%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,072 (33.26%) DevOps
2 2,067 (33.18%) Agile Software Development
3 1,002 (16.08%) Continuous Integration
4 811 (13.02%) Configuration Management
5 751 (12.05%) Test Automation
6 746 (11.97%) TDD
7 687 (11.03%) Open Source
8 673 (10.80%) Analytics
9 590 (9.47%) Data Science
10 563 (9.04%) Scrum
11 520 (8.35%) Continuous Delivery
12 513 (8.23%) Machine Learning
13 497 (7.98%) Software Engineering
14 388 (6.23%) Microservices
15 339 (5.44%) OO
16 337 (5.41%) Mathematics
17 310 (4.98%) Business Intelligence
18 297 (4.77%) ETL
19 277 (4.45%) BDD
19 277 (4.45%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,182 (35.02%) Java
2 1,336 (21.44%) Ruby
2 1,336 (21.44%) SQL
3 1,195 (19.18%) Bash Shell
4 964 (15.47%) JavaScript
5 834 (13.39%) Perl
6 711 (11.41%) C++
7 699 (11.22%) C#
8 597 (9.58%) Scala
9 526 (8.44%) R
10 332 (5.33%) Shell Script
11 331 (5.31%) PHP
12 329 (5.28%) Groovy
13 316 (5.07%) Go
14 302 (4.85%) PowerShell
15 270 (4.33%) C
16 139 (2.23%) VBA
17 90 (1.44%) MATLAB
18 84 (1.35%) PL/SQL
19 73 (1.17%) Korn
Qualifications
1 512 (8.22%) Degree
2 430 (6.90%) Security Cleared
3 281 (4.51%) SC Cleared
4 119 (1.91%) Computer Science Degree
5 111 (1.78%) PhD
6 74 (1.19%) Master's Degree
7 71 (1.14%) AWS Certification
8 51 (0.82%) Cisco Certification
8 51 (0.82%) Numerate Degree
9 36 (0.58%) CISSP
10 35 (0.56%) BPSS Clearance
10 35 (0.56%) DV Cleared
11 30 (0.48%) CCNP
12 24 (0.39%) ISTQB
13 17 (0.27%) CISM
14 16 (0.26%) CCSP
14 16 (0.26%) CTC Cleared
15 15 (0.24%) CREST Certified
16 14 (0.22%) CCNA
17 13 (0.21%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 261 (4.19%) QA
2 63 (1.01%) GCP
3 59 (0.95%) Data Quality
4 51 (0.82%) MiFID
5 32 (0.51%) GDPR
6 24 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 23 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
8 22 (0.35%) PCI DSS
9 15 (0.24%) EMIR
9 15 (0.24%) SLA
10 9 (0.14%) CESG Infosec
10 9 (0.14%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 9 (0.14%) Solvency II
11 8 (0.13%) GAAP
12 6 (0.096%) ISO 26262
13 5 (0.080%) Dodd-Frank
13 5 (0.080%) PMO
14 4 (0.064%) IEC 62304
14 4 (0.064%) MISRA C
14 4 (0.064%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,271 (20.40%) Docker
2 134 (2.15%) VMware Infrastructure
3 114 (1.83%) HDFS
4 96 (1.54%) Apache Flume
5 81 (1.30%) Virtual Machines
6 68 (1.09%) Active Directory
7 36 (0.58%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 36 (0.58%) Firmware
8 26 (0.42%) KVM
9 23 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
10 22 (0.35%) Hyper-V
11 19 (0.30%) VMware NSX
11 19 (0.30%) Xen
12 17 (0.27%) etcd
13 15 (0.24%) Samba
13 15 (0.24%) Varnish
14 14 (0.22%) NFS
14 14 (0.22%) vCloud
15 11 (0.18%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 11 (0.18%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 1,252 (20.10%) Ansible
2 1,031 (16.55%) Puppet
3 736 (11.81%) Opscode Chef
4 566 (9.09%) Kubernetes
5 559 (8.97%) Terraform
6 149 (2.39%) Kibana
7 135 (2.17%) Nagios
8 133 (2.13%) logstash
9 113 (1.81%) Mesos
10 104 (1.67%) Packer
11 103 (1.65%) Salt
12 102 (1.64%) Grafana
13 86 (1.38%) ZABBIX
14 85 (1.36%) Oozie
15 66 (1.06%) Rancher
16 64 (1.03%) Hadoop YARN
17 60 (0.96%) Prometheus
18 55 (0.88%) Consul
19 54 (0.87%) HAProxy
20 40 (0.64%) Ambari
Vendors
1 552 (8.86%) Oracle
2 345 (5.54%) Red Hat
3 308 (4.94%) Google
4 296 (4.75%) Splunk
5 287 (4.61%) Microsoft
6 208 (3.34%) Tableau
7 194 (3.11%) VMware
8 170 (2.73%) Atlassian
9 112 (1.80%) IBM
10 101 (1.62%) Cloudera
11 90 (1.44%) SAP
12 82 (1.32%) SaltStack
13 81 (1.30%) Cisco
14 69 (1.11%) HP
15 68 (1.09%) Hortonworks
16 66 (1.06%) Sybase
17 62 (1.00%) New Relic
17 62 (1.00%) TIBCO
18 60 (0.96%) F5
19 48 (0.77%) CA