Period
to 27 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 27 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
27 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 14 21
Rank change year-on-year +4 +7 +5
Contract jobs citing Python 3,597 6,605 7,009
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 11.63% 8.79% 7.36%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.30% 21.12% 16.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,787 4,610 4,892
Median daily rate £525 £536 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.10% +2.14% +2.44%
10th Percentile £350 £388 £363
90th Percentile £725 £700 £688
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 108 109 105
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £21.43 £20.10 £21.45
90th Percentile £54.13 £53.75 £52.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £44.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -21.35% +4.71% +6.25%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 13,175 31,276 42,898
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.62% 41.60% 45.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,728 21,803 30,586
Median daily rate £488 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.63% +2.70%
10th Percentile £310 £325 £320
90th Percentile £688 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 377 636 617
Median hourly rate £37.00 £43.50 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.94% +3.57% +5.00%
10th Percentile £13.00 £17.37 £17.00
90th Percentile £58.73 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.61
% change year-on-year -17.65% +2.14% +4.03%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 27 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 27 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 27 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 2,500 £550 - 827
North of England +12 345 £450 -9.09% 279
South East +3 237 £450 -5.26% 255
North West +19 166 £432 -10.34% 163
South West +11 165 £481 -8.43% 116
Yorkshire +13 162 £450 -10.00% 82
East of England +5 121 £438 -12.50% 168
Midlands +20 100 £425 -11.69% 101
West Midlands +23 68 £425 -12.82% 71
East Midlands +21 29 £405 -7.43% 30
North East -7 17 £495 +6.45% 34
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 27 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,352 (37.59%) AWS
2 1,212 (33.69%) Java
3 1,197 (33.28%) Agile Software Development
4 1,020 (28.36%) DevOps
5 989 (27.50%) SQL
6 957 (26.61%) Finance
7 861 (23.94%) Azure
8 770 (21.41%) Linux
9 757 (21.05%) Kubernetes
10 721 (20.04%) JavaScript
11 711 (19.77%) Docker
12 694 (19.29%) Software Engineering
13 651 (18.10%) Jenkins
14 597 (16.60%) Terraform
15 565 (15.71%) Web Services
16 514 (14.29%) Banking
17 489 (13.59%) Git (software)
18 480 (13.34%) Ansible
19 474 (13.18%) GCP
20 467 (12.98%) Front Office
21 462 (12.84%) Asset Management
22 446 (12.40%) React
23 445 (12.37%) Serverless
24 429 (11.93%) Analytics
25 424 (11.79%) Security Cleared
26 406 (11.29%) Microservices
27 398 (11.06%) Derivative
28 395 (10.98%) Fixed Income
29 394 (10.95%) Test Automation
29 394 (10.95%) Bash Shell

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 262 (7.28%) Apache Spark
2 237 (6.59%) Apache
3 163 (4.53%) Confluence
4 127 (3.53%) Elasticsearch
5 83 (2.31%) Cloud Foundry
6 54 (1.50%) Tomcat
7 50 (1.39%) SAS
8 46 (1.28%) Apache Airflow
9 41 (1.14%) nginx
10 32 (0.89%) Mule
11 31 (0.86%) Jupyter
12 27 (0.75%) SharePoint
13 21 (0.58%) ArcGIS
14 19 (0.53%) CMS
15 16 (0.44%) JBoss
15 16 (0.44%) OpenStack
16 15 (0.42%) IIS
17 13 (0.36%) Apache Pig
18 12 (0.33%) WebLogic
19 11 (0.31%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 80 (2.22%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
3 17 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.31%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.28%) Chatbot
6 8 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
7 7 (0.19%) SPSS
8 4 (0.11%) Maya
9 2 (0.056%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.056%) Stata
9 2 (0.056%) Windchill
10 1 (0.028%) Blender
10 1 (0.028%) CPLEX
10 1 (0.028%) Notepad++
10 1 (0.028%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 27 (0.75%) Markit EDM
2 26 (0.72%) Eagle PACE
3 13 (0.36%) SunGard Martini
4 5 (0.14%) Magento
4 5 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
4 5 (0.14%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 4 (0.11%) ContrOCC
5 4 (0.11%) FINCAD Analytics
5 4 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 3 (0.083%) Dynamics AX
6 3 (0.083%) ION MarketView
6 3 (0.083%) Oracle 11i
6 3 (0.083%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.056%) Aligne
7 2 (0.056%) OpenText Process Suite
7 2 (0.056%) Oracle Payables
7 2 (0.056%) Orchestrade
7 2 (0.056%) SAP CRM
7 2 (0.056%) StreamServe
7 2 (0.056%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 1,352 (37.59%) AWS
2 861 (23.94%) Azure
3 474 (13.18%) GCP
4 445 (12.37%) Serverless
5 352 (9.79%) AWS Lambda
6 217 (6.03%) Amazon S3
7 207 (5.75%) Amazon EC2
8 189 (5.25%) GitHub
9 174 (4.84%) AWS CloudFormation
10 166 (4.61%) Amazon ECS
11 135 (3.75%) Power Platform
12 113 (3.14%) OpenShift
13 92 (2.56%) PaaS
14 87 (2.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 83 (2.31%) Amazon EKS
16 69 (1.92%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 68 (1.89%) IaaS
18 64 (1.78%) Azure Data Factory
19 62 (1.72%) Apigee
20 56 (1.56%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 128 (3.56%) Firewall
2 105 (2.92%) DNS
3 94 (2.61%) TCP/IP
4 87 (2.42%) HTTP
5 65 (1.81%) DHCP
6 42 (1.17%) VPN
7 41 (1.14%) SSL
8 40 (1.11%) Network Security
9 36 (1.00%) WAN
10 34 (0.95%) BGP
10 34 (0.95%) IPv6
11 32 (0.89%) Wi-Fi
12 31 (0.86%) VLAN
13 28 (0.78%) Wireless
14 26 (0.72%) LAN
14 26 (0.72%) SSH
15 25 (0.70%) IPv4
15 25 (0.70%) OSPF
16 23 (0.64%) SNMP
17 22 (0.61%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 307 (8.53%) Big Data
2 257 (7.14%) SQL Server
3 255 (7.09%) PostgreSQL
4 225 (6.26%) MySQL
5 202 (5.62%) Hadoop
6 179 (4.98%) Data Warehouse
6 179 (4.98%) NoSQL
7 157 (4.36%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 155 (4.31%) Amazon Redshift
9 131 (3.64%) Power BI
10 130 (3.61%) Amazon RDS
11 119 (3.31%) Relational Database
11 119 (3.31%) Tableau
12 117 (3.25%) MongoDB
13 113 (3.14%) Apache Hive
14 92 (2.56%) Data Lake
15 60 (1.67%) BigQuery
16 56 (1.56%) Oracle Database
17 53 (1.47%) Azure SQL Database
17 53 (1.47%) Redis
Development Applications
1 651 (18.10%) Jenkins
2 489 (13.59%) Git (software)
3 291 (8.09%) JIRA
4 252 (7.01%) GitLab
5 146 (4.06%) Artifactory
6 108 (3.00%) Maven
7 88 (2.45%) Selenium
8 79 (2.20%) Sonatype Nexus
9 72 (2.00%) Bitbucket
10 70 (1.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 67 (1.86%) JUnit
12 66 (1.83%) Cucumber
13 59 (1.64%) TeamCity
14 55 (1.53%) RStudio
15 49 (1.36%) Subversion
16 42 (1.17%) Gradle
17 40 (1.11%) CircleCI
17 40 (1.11%) Vagrant
18 39 (1.08%) Xcode
19 36 (1.00%) SonarQube
General
1 957 (26.61%) Finance
2 514 (14.29%) Banking
3 467 (12.98%) Front Office
4 200 (5.56%) Investment Banking
5 164 (4.56%) Public Sector
6 94 (2.61%) Marketing
7 69 (1.92%) Back Office
8 68 (1.89%) Telecoms
9 49 (1.36%) Retail
10 44 (1.22%) Manufacturing
11 43 (1.20%) Electronics
12 42 (1.17%) Games
13 39 (1.08%) Law
14 33 (0.92%) Financial Institution
15 29 (0.81%) Pharmaceutical
16 23 (0.64%) French Language
17 18 (0.50%) Advertising
18 13 (0.36%) Retail Banking
19 12 (0.33%) Aerospace
19 12 (0.33%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,279 (35.56%) Developer
2 546 (15.18%) Python Developer
3 394 (10.95%) DevOps Engineer
4 344 (9.56%) Software Engineer
5 332 (9.23%) Python Engineer
6 316 (8.79%) Data Engineer
7 306 (8.51%) AWS Engineer
8 236 (6.56%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 206 (5.73%) Analyst
10 163 (4.53%) AWS Developer
11 152 (4.23%) Java Developer
12 150 (4.17%) Architect
13 149 (4.14%) JavaScript Developer
14 123 (3.42%) Cloud Engineer
14 123 (3.42%) Data Scientist
15 121 (3.36%) AWS DevOps
16 117 (3.25%) Senior Developer
17 114 (3.17%) Python Software Engineer
18 110 (3.06%) Full Stack Developer
18 110 (3.06%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 565 (15.71%) Web Services
2 446 (12.40%) React
3 359 (9.98%) AngularJS
4 349 (9.70%) Node.js
5 250 (6.95%) REST
6 235 (6.53%) .NET
7 185 (5.14%) HTML
8 181 (5.03%) Vue.js
9 179 (4.98%) Kafka
10 158 (4.39%) Spring
11 151 (4.20%) Django
12 147 (4.09%) CSS
12 147 (4.09%) RESTful
13 125 (3.48%) gRPC
13 125 (3.48%) JSON
14 118 (3.28%) Spring Boot
15 110 (3.06%) Pandas
16 103 (2.86%) Elastic Stack
17 100 (2.78%) Flask
18 89 (2.47%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 398 (11.06%) Derivative
2 395 (10.98%) Fixed Income
3 337 (9.37%) Equities
4 315 (8.76%) Hedge funds
5 250 (6.95%) Analytical Skills
6 240 (6.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 145 (4.03%) Greenfield Project
8 121 (3.36%) Algorithms
9 102 (2.84%) Mobile App
9 102 (2.84%) User Experience
10 90 (2.50%) Cloud Native
11 80 (2.22%) Linux Command Line
12 75 (2.09%) Blog
13 68 (1.89%) Public Cloud
14 66 (1.83%) Data Structures
15 51 (1.42%) Management Information System
16 43 (1.20%) Credit Derivative
17 42 (1.17%) Data Centre
18 40 (1.11%) Self-Motivation
19 34 (0.95%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 770 (21.41%) Linux
2 262 (7.28%) Windows
3 185 (5.14%) Unix
4 124 (3.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 93 (2.59%) CentOS
6 75 (2.09%) Apple iOS
7 72 (2.00%) Android
8 50 (1.39%) Windows Server
9 33 (0.92%) Ubuntu
10 31 (0.86%) Debian
11 25 (0.70%) Windows Server 2016
12 20 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
13 17 (0.47%) Solaris
13 17 (0.47%) Windows 10
14 12 (0.33%) Mac OS
14 12 (0.33%) Mac OS X
15 8 (0.22%) SUSE
16 7 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
17 5 (0.14%) AIX
17 5 (0.14%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,197 (33.28%) Agile Software Development
2 1,020 (28.36%) DevOps
3 694 (19.29%) Software Engineering
4 462 (12.84%) Asset Management
5 429 (11.93%) Analytics
6 406 (11.29%) Microservices
7 394 (10.95%) Test Automation
8 367 (10.20%) Data Science
9 322 (8.95%) Investment Management
10 301 (8.37%) Machine Learning
11 299 (8.31%) Scrum
12 262 (7.28%) Open Source
13 248 (6.89%) Continuous Integration
14 246 (6.84%) TDD
15 217 (6.03%) Infrastructure as Code
16 208 (5.78%) Business Intelligence
17 206 (5.73%) Problem-Solving
18 201 (5.59%) Visualisation
19 200 (5.56%) ETL
20 192 (5.34%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 1,212 (33.69%) Java
2 989 (27.50%) SQL
3 721 (20.04%) JavaScript
4 394 (10.95%) Bash Shell
5 353 (9.81%) C++
6 331 (9.20%) C#
7 305 (8.48%) R
8 249 (6.92%) PowerShell
9 227 (6.31%) Perl
10 221 (6.14%) Scala
11 209 (5.81%) Kotlin
12 191 (5.31%) Go
13 182 (5.06%) Ruby
14 165 (4.59%) C
15 158 (4.39%) Shell Script
16 141 (3.92%) TypeScript
17 93 (2.59%) PHP
18 83 (2.31%) Java 8
19 78 (2.17%) VBA
20 54 (1.50%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 424 (11.79%) Security Cleared
2 313 (8.70%) SC Cleared
3 221 (6.14%) Degree
4 82 (2.28%) DV Cleared
5 55 (1.53%) AWS Certification
6 51 (1.42%) Computer Science Degree
7 44 (1.22%) Numerate Degree
8 41 (1.14%) PhD
9 36 (1.00%) Cisco Certification
10 28 (0.78%) BPSS Clearance
11 25 (0.70%) Master's Degree
12 23 (0.64%) CCNP
13 21 (0.58%) CCIE
14 20 (0.56%) Sun Certification
15 19 (0.53%) CCNA
16 12 (0.33%) CCA
17 11 (0.31%) DBS Check
18 9 (0.25%) CompTIA Security+
19 8 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
20 7 (0.19%) CCIE Routing and Switching
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 134 (3.73%) QA
2 49 (1.36%) Data Quality
3 21 (0.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 17 (0.47%) SLA
5 16 (0.44%) NIST
6 13 (0.36%) PCI DSS
7 9 (0.25%) GDPR
8 7 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 17025
9 6 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 5 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
10 5 (0.14%) PSD2
11 4 (0.11%) HIPAA
11 4 (0.11%) PMO
12 3 (0.083%) ISO 26262
12 3 (0.083%) ISO 9001
12 3 (0.083%) JTAG
13 2 (0.056%) HL7
13 2 (0.056%) ISO 20022
13 2 (0.056%) RMADS
13 2 (0.056%) SEPA
System Software
1 711 (19.77%) Docker
2 81 (2.25%) Active Directory
2 81 (2.25%) VMware Infrastructure
3 32 (0.89%) Virtual Machines
4 29 (0.81%) HDFS
5 26 (0.72%) vSphere
6 20 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 17 (0.47%) Hyper-V
8 16 (0.44%) VMware NSX
9 14 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
10 12 (0.33%) NFS
11 10 (0.28%) VMware Workstation
12 9 (0.25%) GlusterFS
13 7 (0.19%) Varnish
13 7 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
14 6 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
15 5 (0.14%) GeoWebCache
15 5 (0.14%) oVirt
15 5 (0.14%) vCloud
15 5 (0.14%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 757 (21.05%) Kubernetes
2 597 (16.60%) Terraform
3 480 (13.34%) Ansible
4 241 (6.70%) Puppet
5 152 (4.23%) Opscode Chef
6 123 (3.42%) Prometheus
7 89 (2.47%) Grafana
8 70 (1.95%) Packer
9 69 (1.92%) Kibana
10 47 (1.31%) Salt
11 40 (1.11%) logstash
12 35 (0.97%) Consul
13 29 (0.81%) Nagios
14 19 (0.53%) Rancher
15 17 (0.47%) Istio
15 17 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
16 16 (0.44%) ZABBIX
17 14 (0.39%) Rundeck
18 12 (0.33%) Hadoop YARN
18 12 (0.33%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 278 (7.73%) Google
2 236 (6.56%) Oracle
3 205 (5.70%) Splunk
4 186 (5.17%) Microsoft
5 126 (3.50%) Databricks
6 115 (3.20%) VMware
7 108 (3.00%) Red Hat
8 92 (2.56%) AppDynamics
9 81 (2.25%) Bloomberg
10 79 (2.20%) Atlassian
11 78 (2.17%) Cloudera
12 76 (2.11%) Cisco
13 67 (1.86%) MuleSoft
14 54 (1.50%) SAP
15 48 (1.33%) F5
16 43 (1.20%) Hortonworks
17 33 (0.92%) Dell
18 30 (0.83%) Reuters
19 27 (0.75%) FactSet
19 27 (0.75%) HP