Period
to 11 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 11 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
11 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 26 33 55
Rank change year-on-year +7 +22 +15
Contract jobs citing Python 6234 4853 3574
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 6.56% 5.08% 3.44%
As % of the Programming Languages category 15.53% 12.55% 8.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 4580 3309 2531
England median daily rate £522 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.89% +2.70% +5.11%
10th Percentile £363 £335 £313
90th Percentile £675 £625 £650
UK median daily rate £513 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +7.89% +5.56% +4.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 142 71 73
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £39.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% -3.85% +18.18%
10th Percentile £25.03 £18.50 £23.45
90th Percentile £51.80 £47.50 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £39.00
% change year-on-year +6.67% -3.85% +20.00%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 40151 38663 40317
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.25% 40.50% 38.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 28432 26759 27679
England median daily rate £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £310 £288 £275
90th Percentile £638 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 735 796 975
England median hourly rate £40.00 £38.88 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.89% +3.67% +17.10%
10th Percentile £16.30 £14.56 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.40 £51.89 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £39.23 £37.50
% change year-on-year +1.98% +4.60% +16.19%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 11 December 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 11 December 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 11 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 4256 £550 +10.00% 655
South East -2 664 £475 +5.56% 154
North of England +22 544 £475 +10.47% 130
East of England +11 308 £425 -1.16% 155
Yorkshire +20 270 £500 +14.29% 47
North West +16 236 £500 +17.65% 77
South West +6 236 £401 -11.00% 53
Midlands +51 224 £475 +5.56% 48
West Midlands +40 138 £475 +5.56% 26
East Midlands +25 76 £494 +17.56% 22
North East +51 54 £535 +25.88% 6
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 11 December 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 2404 (38.56%) Linux
2 2225 (35.69%) Java
3 2053 (32.93%) Agile Software Development
4 1960 (31.44%) DevOps
5 1619 (25.97%) Amazon AWS
6 1383 (22.18%) SQL
7 1332 (21.37%) Jenkins
8 1264 (20.28%) Finance
9 1204 (19.31%) Docker
10 1203 (19.30%) Ruby
11 1174 (18.83%) Git (software)
12 1121 (17.98%) Ansible
13 1099 (17.63%) Bash Shell
14 999 (16.03%) Puppet
15 982 (15.75%) Unix
16 975 (15.64%) Continuous Integration
17 938 (15.05%) JavaScript
18 843 (13.52%) Perl
19 836 (13.41%) Configuration Management
20 790 (12.67%) Big Data
21 762 (12.22%) Banking
22 749 (12.01%) C++
23 704 (11.29%) TDD
24 700 (11.23%) Test Automation
25 687 (11.02%) Opscode Chef
26 682 (10.94%) Hadoop
27 656 (10.52%) Apache Spark
28 647 (10.38%) Open Source
28 647 (10.38%) Windows
29 642 (10.30%) C#

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 656 (10.52%) Apache Spark
2 335 (5.37%) Apache
3 310 (4.97%) Confluence
4 260 (4.17%) nginx
5 232 (3.72%) Elasticsearch
6 190 (3.05%) Tomcat
7 169 (2.71%) OpenStack
8 98 (1.57%) Cloud Foundry
9 82 (1.32%) SAS
10 73 (1.17%) IIS
11 70 (1.12%) Apache Pig
12 67 (1.07%) JBoss
13 51 (0.82%) Apache Solr
14 50 (0.80%) Jupyter
15 43 (0.69%) CMS
16 34 (0.55%) WebLogic
17 32 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 27 (0.43%) WebSphere
19 24 (0.38%) Apache Airflow
20 19 (0.30%) Jetty
Applications
1 155 (2.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 42 (0.67%) Spreadsheet
3 27 (0.43%) HipChat
3 27 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
4 26 (0.42%) SPSS
5 23 (0.37%) Photoshop
6 14 (0.22%) Chatbot
6 14 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 13 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
8 12 (0.19%) Doxygen
9 10 (0.16%) Pipeline Pilot
9 10 (0.16%) Simulink
10 8 (0.13%) Houdini
10 8 (0.13%) Maya
10 8 (0.13%) NUKE
11 7 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
12 6 (0.096%) MS Visio
13 5 (0.080%) Stata
13 5 (0.080%) Weka
14 4 (0.064%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 25 (0.40%) RMDS
2 20 (0.32%) ION MarketView
3 18 (0.29%) SAP ERP
4 11 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
5 8 (0.13%) Odoo
6 7 (0.11%) Magento
6 7 (0.11%) Temenos T24
7 6 (0.096%) Oracle BPM
7 6 (0.096%) Summit
7 6 (0.096%) SunGard GMI
8 5 (0.080%) BusinessWorks
8 5 (0.080%) ReMetrica
9 4 (0.064%) Dynamics CRM
10 3 (0.048%) BondVision
10 3 (0.048%) Dynamics NAV
10 3 (0.048%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
11 2 (0.032%) Dynamics AX
11 2 (0.032%) R3 Corda
11 2 (0.032%) Relativity
11 2 (0.032%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 1619 (25.97%) Amazon AWS
2 428 (6.87%) Microsoft Azure
3 328 (5.26%) GitHub
4 243 (3.90%) AWS CloudFormation
5 216 (3.46%) Amazon EC2
6 196 (3.14%) Amazon S3
7 186 (2.98%) Google Cloud Platform
8 181 (2.90%) Serverless
9 161 (2.58%) PaaS
10 127 (2.04%) AWS Lambda
11 115 (1.84%) IaaS
12 111 (1.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 108 (1.73%) Cloud Computing
14 101 (1.62%) OpenShift
15 99 (1.59%) Route 53
16 87 (1.40%) SaaS
17 75 (1.20%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 58 (0.93%) Slack
19 50 (0.80%) npm
20 48 (0.77%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 322 (5.17%) TCP/IP
2 304 (4.88%) HTTP
3 226 (3.63%) Firewall
4 190 (3.05%) DNS
5 180 (2.89%) SSL
6 108 (1.73%) Internet
7 88 (1.41%) LDAP
8 84 (1.35%) Network Security
9 83 (1.33%) Wireless
10 81 (1.30%) LAN
11 76 (1.22%) VPN
12 74 (1.19%) WAN
13 63 (1.01%) DHCP
14 51 (0.82%) Kerberos
15 45 (0.72%) Bluetooth
16 38 (0.61%) SAN
17 37 (0.59%) HTTPS
18 35 (0.56%) Wi-Fi
19 30 (0.48%) IPsec
19 30 (0.48%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 790 (12.67%) Big Data
2 682 (10.94%) Hadoop
3 473 (7.59%) NoSQL
4 472 (7.57%) PostgreSQL
5 465 (7.46%) MySQL
6 437 (7.01%) Relational Database
7 419 (6.72%) MongoDB
8 411 (6.59%) SQL Server
9 302 (4.84%) Apache Hive
10 240 (3.85%) Apache Cassandra
11 191 (3.06%) Data Warehouse
12 185 (2.97%) RDBMS
13 178 (2.86%) HBase
14 153 (2.45%) Amazon RDS
15 142 (2.28%) Oracle Database
16 98 (1.57%) Impala
17 88 (1.41%) Data Mining
18 84 (1.35%) Sqoop
19 83 (1.33%) Amazon Redshift
20 72 (1.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1332 (21.37%) Jenkins
2 1174 (18.83%) Git (software)
3 565 (9.06%) JIRA
4 300 (4.81%) Maven
5 252 (4.04%) Subversion
6 224 (3.59%) TeamCity
7 222 (3.56%) Selenium
8 200 (3.21%) Cucumber
9 186 (2.98%) Sonatype Nexus
10 131 (2.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 129 (2.07%) JUnit
12 116 (1.86%) Bitbucket
13 105 (1.68%) Artifactory
14 99 (1.59%) Ant
15 93 (1.49%) Gradle
16 89 (1.43%) Vagrant
17 81 (1.30%) SonarQube
18 78 (1.25%) WebDriver
19 76 (1.22%) Visual Studio
20 75 (1.20%) GitLab
General
1 1264 (20.28%) Finance
2 762 (12.22%) Banking
3 414 (6.64%) Front Office
4 339 (5.44%) Investment Banking
5 212 (3.40%) Telecoms
6 190 (3.05%) Marketing
7 154 (2.47%) Retail
8 143 (2.29%) Electronics
9 98 (1.57%) Publishing
10 85 (1.36%) Manufacturing
11 70 (1.12%) Games
12 55 (0.88%) Financial Institution
13 47 (0.75%) Retail Banking
14 32 (0.51%) Advertising
15 30 (0.48%) Law
16 22 (0.35%) Back Office
17 21 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
18 17 (0.27%) French Language
18 17 (0.27%) Legal
19 16 (0.26%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2179 (34.95%) Developer
2 1191 (19.10%) DevOps Engineer
3 929 (14.90%) Python Developer
4 462 (7.41%) AWS Engineer
5 397 (6.37%) AWS DevOps
6 345 (5.53%) Java Developer
7 344 (5.52%) Analyst
8 338 (5.42%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 334 (5.36%) Data Scientist
10 331 (5.31%) Data Engineer
11 295 (4.73%) Linux Engineer
12 227 (3.64%) Architect
13 222 (3.56%) Senior Developer
14 201 (3.22%) C++ Developer
15 194 (3.11%) Cloud Engineer
16 193 (3.10%) Linux/Unix DevOps
17 187 (3.00%) Consultant
18 177 (2.84%) Big Data Engineer
19 163 (2.61%) Linux DevOps Engineer
20 157 (2.52%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 607 (9.74%) Web Services
2 521 (8.36%) HTML
3 469 (7.52%) Node.js
4 423 (6.79%) CSS
5 385 (6.18%) Django
6 384 (6.16%) REST
7 343 (5.50%) Kafka
8 292 (4.68%) XML
9 283 (4.54%) JSON
10 274 (4.40%) .NET
11 262 (4.20%) RESTful
12 251 (4.03%) Elastic Stack
13 249 (3.99%) AngularJS
14 220 (3.53%) Spring
15 217 (3.48%) HTML5
16 209 (3.35%) Flask
17 190 (3.05%) React
18 141 (2.26%) Pandas
19 138 (2.21%) jQuery
20 132 (2.12%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 574 (9.21%) Analytical Skills
2 369 (5.92%) Computer Science
3 228 (3.66%) Algorithms
4 216 (3.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 197 (3.16%) Fixed Income
6 184 (2.95%) Greenfield Project
7 158 (2.53%) Derivative
8 126 (2.02%) Data Centre
9 121 (1.94%) Public Cloud
10 119 (1.91%) Fintech
11 104 (1.67%) Data Structures
12 103 (1.65%) User Experience
13 91 (1.46%) Enterprise Software
14 90 (1.44%) Clustering
15 88 (1.41%) Equities
16 86 (1.38%) Linux Command Line
17 81 (1.30%) Credit Risk
18 73 (1.17%) Mobile App
19 54 (0.87%) Management Information System
20 52 (0.83%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 2404 (38.56%) Linux
2 982 (15.75%) Unix
3 647 (10.38%) Windows
4 357 (5.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 207 (3.32%) CentOS
6 147 (2.36%) Ubuntu
7 110 (1.76%) Solaris
8 80 (1.28%) Windows Server
9 79 (1.27%) Android
10 52 (0.83%) Mac OS X
11 47 (0.75%) Apple iOS
12 40 (0.64%) Debian
13 39 (0.63%) AIX
14 38 (0.61%) CoreOS
15 37 (0.59%) Windows 7
16 31 (0.50%) Mac OS
17 26 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
18 18 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
19 17 (0.27%) Windows 10
20 15 (0.24%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2053 (32.93%) Agile Software Development
2 1960 (31.44%) DevOps
3 975 (15.64%) Continuous Integration
4 836 (13.41%) Configuration Management
5 704 (11.29%) TDD
6 700 (11.23%) Test Automation
7 647 (10.38%) Open Source
8 606 (9.72%) Analytics
9 565 (9.06%) Scrum
10 490 (7.86%) Software Engineering
11 483 (7.75%) Machine Learning
12 441 (7.07%) Continuous Delivery
13 385 (6.18%) Microservices
14 352 (5.65%) OO
15 314 (5.04%) Mathematics
16 301 (4.83%) BDD
17 295 (4.73%) Business Intelligence
18 268 (4.30%) ETL
19 265 (4.25%) SDLC
19 265 (4.25%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2225 (35.69%) Java
2 1383 (22.18%) SQL
3 1203 (19.30%) Ruby
4 1099 (17.63%) Bash Shell
5 938 (15.05%) JavaScript
6 843 (13.52%) Perl
7 749 (12.01%) C++
8 642 (10.30%) C#
9 556 (8.92%) Scala
10 473 (7.59%) R
11 406 (6.51%) Shell Script
12 336 (5.39%) Go
13 318 (5.10%) PHP
14 306 (4.91%) C
15 267 (4.28%) PowerShell
16 228 (3.66%) Groovy
17 154 (2.47%) VBA
18 104 (1.67%) Korn
19 88 (1.41%) PL/SQL
20 84 (1.35%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 467 (7.49%) Degree
2 437 (7.01%) Security Cleared
3 286 (4.59%) SC Cleared
4 133 (2.13%) Computer Science Degree
5 105 (1.68%) PhD
6 63 (1.01%) AWS Certification
7 50 (0.80%) Master's Degree
8 44 (0.71%) Numerate Degree
9 39 (0.63%) Cisco Certification
10 34 (0.55%) DV Cleared
11 31 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
12 27 (0.43%) CISSP
13 24 (0.38%) CCNP
13 24 (0.38%) RHCE
14 19 (0.30%) ISTQB
15 18 (0.29%) CTC Cleared
16 16 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 15 (0.24%) CCSP
18 14 (0.22%) ISEB
19 13 (0.21%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 272 (4.36%) QA
2 54 (0.87%) MiFID
3 43 (0.69%) GCP
4 42 (0.67%) Data Quality
5 28 (0.45%) Disclosure Scotland
6 25 (0.40%) PCI DSS
7 16 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 11 (0.18%) SLA
9 10 (0.16%) EMIR
10 9 (0.14%) GDPR
11 8 (0.13%) Actionable Recommendations
11 8 (0.13%) Solvency II
12 7 (0.11%) AS 2805
12 7 (0.11%) ISO 8583
13 6 (0.096%) DO-178B
13 6 (0.096%) MISRA
14 5 (0.080%) ISO 26262
14 5 (0.080%) OASIS TOSCA
14 5 (0.080%) WCAG
15 4 (0.064%) MISRA C
System Software
1 1204 (19.31%) Docker
2 129 (2.07%) HDFS
3 121 (1.94%) Apache Flume
4 119 (1.91%) VMware Infrastructure
5 82 (1.32%) Active Directory
6 79 (1.27%) Virtual Machines
7 36 (0.58%) Xen
8 34 (0.55%) Firmware
8 34 (0.55%) KVM
9 33 (0.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 30 (0.48%) NFS
11 29 (0.47%) VMware ESXi
12 26 (0.42%) Samba
13 25 (0.40%) Hyper-V
14 22 (0.35%) LXC
14 22 (0.35%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 16 (0.26%) etcd
15 16 (0.26%) Varnish
15 16 (0.26%) VirtualBox
15 16 (0.26%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 1121 (17.98%) Ansible
2 999 (16.03%) Puppet
3 687 (11.02%) Opscode Chef
4 542 (8.69%) Terraform
5 510 (8.18%) Kubernetes
6 148 (2.37%) logstash
7 140 (2.25%) Kibana
8 120 (1.92%) Nagios
9 112 (1.80%) Mesos
10 102 (1.64%) Packer
11 94 (1.51%) Grafana
12 89 (1.43%) Oozie
12 89 (1.43%) Salt
13 78 (1.25%) Hadoop YARN
14 72 (1.15%) ZABBIX
15 66 (1.06%) Prometheus
16 65 (1.04%) Rancher
17 60 (0.96%) Consul
18 58 (0.93%) Ambari
19 51 (0.82%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 580 (9.30%) Oracle
2 320 (5.13%) Red Hat
3 306 (4.91%) Microsoft
4 260 (4.17%) Splunk
5 250 (4.01%) Google
6 211 (3.38%) VMware
7 207 (3.32%) Tableau
8 160 (2.57%) Atlassian
9 127 (2.04%) SAP
10 124 (1.99%) IBM
11 112 (1.80%) Cloudera
12 95 (1.52%) TIBCO
13 87 (1.40%) Sybase
14 79 (1.27%) Cisco
15 70 (1.12%) SaltStack
16 64 (1.03%) HP
17 59 (0.95%) Hortonworks
18 55 (0.88%) ServiceNow
19 53 (0.85%) F5
20 50 (0.80%) Rackspace