Period
to 8 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 8 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
8 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 15 19 24
Rank change year-on-year +4 +5 +9
Contract jobs citing Python 4,895 7,013 6,549
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 8.93% 7.91% 7.01%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.80% 18.22% 16.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,411 4,765 4,683
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £381 £369 £375
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 108 107 147
Median hourly rate £41.50 £45.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.78% +12.50% -
10th Percentile £18.25 £21.15 £19.74
90th Percentile £52.33 £53.75 £50.60
UK median hourly rate £40.25 £44.92 £40.00
% change year-on-year -10.39% +12.29% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 22,454 38,501 40,322
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 40.95% 43.44% 43.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,357 27,139 28,420
Median daily rate £500 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +8.57%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £656 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £481 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +1.36% +2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 502 613 729
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £17.83 £18.00 £17.39
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £51.05
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 8 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 2,942 £550 - 936
South East +16 619 £475 -1.04% 254
North of England +5 470 £501 +0.10% 203
South West +14 426 £513 -2.38% 136
East of England +17 227 £450 - 191
Yorkshire +4 208 £511 +3.28% 40
North West +5 200 £525 -3.67% 127
Midlands +8 170 £500 +5.26% 126
West Midlands +22 136 £525 +5.05% 84
North East +8 61 £438 -12.41% 36
East Midlands -20 31 £373 -17.22% 42
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 8 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,689 (34.50%) AWS
2 1,633 (33.36%) Agile Software Development
3 1,549 (31.64%) Java
4 1,417 (28.95%) DevOps
5 1,158 (23.66%) SQL
6 1,152 (23.53%) Linux
7 1,010 (20.63%) Docker
8 992 (20.27%) Azure
9 917 (18.73%) Finance
10 908 (18.55%) Kubernetes
11 798 (16.30%) JavaScript
12 775 (15.83%) Git (software)
13 774 (15.81%) Terraform
14 745 (15.22%) Jenkins
15 730 (14.91%) Ansible
16 699 (14.28%) Software Engineering
17 624 (12.75%) GCP
18 604 (12.34%) Data Science
19 571 (11.66%) Analytics
20 568 (11.60%) Security Cleared
21 545 (11.13%) Machine Learning
22 518 (10.58%) Bash Shell
23 517 (10.56%) Big Data
24 503 (10.28%) C#
25 501 (10.23%) Continuous Integration
26 492 (10.05%) Web Services
27 486 (9.93%) Test Automation
28 483 (9.87%) C++
29 473 (9.66%) Serverless
30 436 (8.91%) Google

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 416 (8.50%) Apache Spark
2 165 (3.37%) Confluence
3 138 (2.82%) Elasticsearch
4 109 (2.23%) Apache
5 80 (1.63%) nginx
6 67 (1.37%) SAS
7 64 (1.31%) Tomcat
8 58 (1.18%) OpenStack
9 49 (1.00%) Apache Airflow
10 47 (0.96%) Cloud Foundry
11 46 (0.94%) Jupyter
12 27 (0.55%) ArcGIS
13 21 (0.43%) WebSphere
14 20 (0.41%) SharePoint
15 17 (0.35%) IIS
16 15 (0.31%) WebLogic
17 12 (0.25%) Apache Pig
17 12 (0.25%) JBoss
18 11 (0.22%) GeoServer
18 11 (0.22%) Luigi
Applications
1 112 (2.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
3 12 (0.25%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.22%) SPSS
5 7 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
6 4 (0.082%) Chatbot
6 4 (0.082%) InDesign
6 4 (0.082%) Photoshop
6 4 (0.082%) Simulink
6 4 (0.082%) Stata
7 2 (0.041%) SOLIDWORKS
8 1 (0.020%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.020%) Blender
8 1 (0.020%) GNU Octave
8 1 (0.020%) MODO
8 1 (0.020%) PlantUML
8 1 (0.020%) Weka
Business Applications
1 25 (0.51%) Remedy ITSM
2 24 (0.49%) FINCAD Analytics
3 19 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
4 16 (0.33%) Markit EDM
4 16 (0.33%) PolarLake
5 11 (0.22%) Eagle PACE
6 10 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
7 9 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
8 7 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
8 7 (0.14%) SAP ERP
8 7 (0.14%) Sophis RISQUE
9 6 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 5 (0.10%) BusinessWorks
10 5 (0.10%) SAP CRM
10 5 (0.10%) SAP IS-U
11 4 (0.082%) Shopify
12 3 (0.061%) Front Arena
12 3 (0.061%) Magento
12 3 (0.061%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
13 2 (0.041%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 1,689 (34.50%) AWS
2 992 (20.27%) Azure
3 624 (12.75%) GCP
4 473 (9.66%) Serverless
5 349 (7.13%) AWS Lambda
6 337 (6.88%) Amazon S3
7 272 (5.56%) Amazon EC2
8 259 (5.29%) AWS CloudFormation
9 218 (4.45%) OpenShift
10 211 (4.31%) GitHub
11 199 (4.07%) Power Platform
12 124 (2.53%) Amazon ECS
13 114 (2.33%) Amazon SQS
14 108 (2.21%) PaaS
15 89 (1.82%) Amazon Kinesis
16 86 (1.76%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 80 (1.63%) Azure Data Factory
18 68 (1.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 68 (1.39%) Amazon EMR
19 67 (1.37%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 165 (3.37%) HTTP
2 155 (3.17%) Firewall
3 138 (2.82%) TCP/IP
4 93 (1.90%) DNS
5 81 (1.65%) VPN
6 74 (1.51%) BGP
7 70 (1.43%) DHCP
8 65 (1.33%) Internet
9 63 (1.29%) SNMP
10 62 (1.27%) WAN
11 60 (1.23%) HTTPS
12 59 (1.21%) Wireshark
13 55 (1.12%) OSPF
14 54 (1.10%) LAN
15 52 (1.06%) Network Security
15 52 (1.06%) Wireless
16 51 (1.04%) IPv6
17 50 (1.02%) IPv4
18 43 (0.88%) MPLS
19 40 (0.82%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 517 (10.56%) Big Data
2 348 (7.11%) Hadoop
3 324 (6.62%) NoSQL
4 261 (5.33%) SQL Server
5 260 (5.31%) PostgreSQL
6 232 (4.74%) Data Warehouse
7 226 (4.62%) MySQL
8 224 (4.58%) Relational Database
9 211 (4.31%) Amazon Redshift
10 205 (4.19%) MongoDB
11 200 (4.09%) Amazon RDS
12 196 (4.00%) Power BI
13 167 (3.41%) Data Lake
14 126 (2.57%) Amazon Athena
15 118 (2.41%) Apache Cassandra
16 109 (2.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 93 (1.90%) RDBMS
18 90 (1.84%) Apache Hive
18 90 (1.84%) BigQuery
19 89 (1.82%) Redis
Development Applications
1 775 (15.83%) Git (software)
2 745 (15.22%) Jenkins
3 349 (7.13%) JIRA
4 213 (4.35%) GitLab
5 115 (2.35%) Bitbucket
6 111 (2.27%) Artifactory
7 99 (2.02%) CircleCI
8 96 (1.96%) Maven
9 90 (1.84%) Subversion
10 88 (1.80%) Selenium
11 79 (1.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 78 (1.59%) Cucumber
13 75 (1.53%) RStudio
13 75 (1.53%) TeamCity
14 57 (1.16%) Visual Studio
15 56 (1.14%) Sonatype Nexus
15 56 (1.14%) Travis CI
16 54 (1.10%) SonarQube
16 54 (1.10%) Visual Studio Team System
17 37 (0.76%) JUnit
General
1 917 (18.73%) Finance
2 381 (7.78%) Banking
3 375 (7.66%) Front Office
4 208 (4.25%) Public Sector
5 138 (2.82%) Investment Banking
6 129 (2.64%) Telecoms
7 98 (2.00%) Marketing
8 74 (1.51%) Retail
9 67 (1.37%) Games
10 57 (1.16%) Manufacturing
11 41 (0.84%) Electronics
12 39 (0.80%) Law
13 30 (0.61%) Legal
14 24 (0.49%) Financial Institution
15 23 (0.47%) Advertising
15 23 (0.47%) Aerospace
15 23 (0.47%) Back Office
15 23 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
16 20 (0.41%) Publishing
17 12 (0.25%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,645 (33.61%) Developer
2 704 (14.38%) DevOps Engineer
2 704 (14.38%) Python Developer
3 433 (8.85%) Data Engineer
4 420 (8.58%) AWS Engineer
5 390 (7.97%) Python Engineer
6 295 (6.03%) Software Engineer
7 273 (5.58%) Architect
8 270 (5.52%) Data Scientist
9 232 (4.74%) Java Developer
10 225 (4.60%) Analyst
11 212 (4.33%) AWS DevOps
12 198 (4.04%) AWS Developer
13 185 (3.78%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 179 (3.66%) Senior Developer
15 159 (3.25%) Cloud Engineer
16 126 (2.57%) Azure Engineer
17 115 (2.35%) Full Stack Developer
18 114 (2.33%) Consultant
18 114 (2.33%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 492 (10.05%) Web Services
2 366 (7.48%) Node.js
3 286 (5.84%) React
4 281 (5.74%) AngularJS
5 271 (5.54%) .NET
6 264 (5.39%) Kafka
7 251 (5.13%) Django
8 220 (4.49%) REST
9 207 (4.23%) HTML
10 195 (3.98%) Flask
11 188 (3.84%) Pandas
12 173 (3.53%) RESTful
13 165 (3.37%) PySpark
13 165 (3.37%) TensorFlow
14 157 (3.21%) CSS
15 154 (3.15%) NumPy
16 130 (2.66%) JSON
17 125 (2.55%) Elastic Stack
17 125 (2.55%) Spring
18 112 (2.29%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 433 (8.85%) Analytical Skills
2 261 (5.33%) Greenfield Project
3 243 (4.96%) Derivative
4 233 (4.76%) Fixed Income
5 198 (4.04%) Algorithms
6 173 (3.53%) Equities
7 154 (3.15%) Hedge funds
8 152 (3.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 121 (2.47%) Public Cloud
10 106 (2.17%) Data Structures
11 104 (2.12%) Linux Command Line
12 95 (1.94%) Data Centre
13 92 (1.88%) User Experience
14 85 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
15 68 (1.39%) Blog
16 60 (1.23%) Cloud Native
17 57 (1.16%) Mobile App
18 55 (1.12%) Management Information System
19 44 (0.90%) Enterprise Software
20 40 (0.82%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 1,152 (23.53%) Linux
2 378 (7.72%) Windows
3 274 (5.60%) Unix
4 190 (3.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 101 (2.06%) CentOS
6 79 (1.61%) Ubuntu
6 79 (1.61%) Windows Server
7 46 (0.94%) Android
8 44 (0.90%) Apple iOS
9 25 (0.51%) Mac OS X
10 22 (0.45%) Debian
11 20 (0.41%) Mac OS
12 19 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
13 18 (0.37%) VMS
14 14 (0.29%) Windows Server 2008
15 12 (0.25%) Windows Server 2016
16 10 (0.20%) Windows 10
17 9 (0.18%) AIX
17 9 (0.18%) CoreOS
17 9 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,633 (33.36%) Agile Software Development
2 1,417 (28.95%) DevOps
3 699 (14.28%) Software Engineering
4 604 (12.34%) Data Science
5 571 (11.66%) Analytics
6 545 (11.13%) Machine Learning
7 501 (10.23%) Continuous Integration
8 486 (9.93%) Test Automation
9 436 (8.91%) Microservices
10 400 (8.17%) Scrum
11 370 (7.56%) TDD
12 341 (6.97%) Business Intelligence
12 341 (6.97%) Open Source
13 334 (6.82%) Configuration Management
14 323 (6.60%) Problem-Solving
15 316 (6.46%) ETL
16 304 (6.21%) Infrastructure as Code
17 302 (6.17%) Asset Management
18 289 (5.90%) Computer Science
19 288 (5.88%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 1,549 (31.64%) Java
2 1,158 (23.66%) SQL
3 798 (16.30%) JavaScript
4 518 (10.58%) Bash Shell
5 503 (10.28%) C#
6 483 (9.87%) C++
7 406 (8.29%) R
8 375 (7.66%) Ruby
9 350 (7.15%) Scala
10 334 (6.82%) PowerShell
11 277 (5.66%) Perl
12 268 (5.47%) Go
13 256 (5.23%) C
14 205 (4.19%) PHP
15 183 (3.74%) Shell Script
16 157 (3.21%) Groovy
17 74 (1.51%) TypeScript
18 72 (1.47%) T-SQL
18 72 (1.47%) VBA
19 51 (1.04%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 568 (11.60%) Security Cleared
2 419 (8.56%) SC Cleared
3 311 (6.35%) Degree
4 133 (2.72%) DV Cleared
5 107 (2.19%) Cisco Certification
6 84 (1.72%) PhD
7 75 (1.53%) Computer Science Degree
8 69 (1.41%) CCNP
9 59 (1.21%) AWS Certification
10 53 (1.08%) CCIE
10 53 (1.08%) Master's Degree
11 45 (0.92%) BPSS Clearance
12 44 (0.90%) CCNA
13 36 (0.74%) Numerate Degree
14 32 (0.65%) CCIE Routing and Switching
15 30 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
16 24 (0.49%) CCDA
17 23 (0.47%) SANS
18 20 (0.41%) DBS Check
19 19 (0.39%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 137 (2.80%) QA
2 65 (1.33%) Data Quality
3 34 (0.69%) GDPR
4 12 (0.25%) NIST
5 11 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
6 10 (0.20%) PCI DSS
6 10 (0.20%) SLA
7 9 (0.18%) JTAG
8 7 (0.14%) NCSC
9 6 (0.12%) DO-254
9 6 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 6 (0.12%) MiFID
10 5 (0.10%) Basel III
11 4 (0.082%) PSD2
11 4 (0.082%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 3 (0.061%) HIPAA
12 3 (0.061%) RMADS
13 2 (0.041%) COBIT
13 2 (0.041%) IFRS
13 2 (0.041%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,010 (20.63%) Docker
2 98 (2.00%) VMware Infrastructure
3 71 (1.45%) Active Directory
4 64 (1.31%) Virtual Machines
5 50 (1.02%) HDFS
6 32 (0.65%) VMware NSX
7 29 (0.59%) VMware ESXi
8 27 (0.55%) Hyper-V
9 25 (0.51%) vSphere
10 20 (0.41%) Firmware
11 17 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 13 (0.27%) KVM
12 13 (0.27%) NFS
13 10 (0.20%) Apache Flume
14 6 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
15 5 (0.10%) OpenAM
15 5 (0.10%) OpenDJ
15 5 (0.10%) Samba
16 4 (0.082%) Snort
16 4 (0.082%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 908 (18.55%) Kubernetes
2 774 (15.81%) Terraform
3 730 (14.91%) Ansible
4 403 (8.23%) Puppet
5 281 (5.74%) Opscode Chef
6 68 (1.39%) Packer
7 60 (1.23%) Salt
8 59 (1.21%) Prometheus
9 54 (1.10%) Grafana
10 51 (1.04%) Docker Swarm
11 43 (0.88%) Nagios
12 37 (0.76%) vCenter Server
13 35 (0.72%) Kibana
14 31 (0.63%) logstash
15 30 (0.61%) Hadoop YARN
16 29 (0.59%) Rancher
17 23 (0.47%) Amdocs OSS
17 23 (0.47%) Netcool
17 23 (0.47%) Netcool/OMNIbus
18 19 (0.39%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 436 (8.91%) Google
2 315 (6.44%) Microsoft
3 294 (6.01%) Oracle
4 187 (3.82%) Tableau
5 165 (3.37%) Cisco
6 153 (3.13%) Red Hat
7 139 (2.84%) Splunk
7 139 (2.84%) VMware
8 114 (2.33%) Databricks
9 84 (1.72%) Atlassian
10 74 (1.51%) Cloudera
10 74 (1.51%) SAP
11 62 (1.27%) IBM
12 56 (1.14%) Juniper
13 48 (0.98%) Bloomberg
14 46 (0.94%) Hortonworks
15 45 (0.92%) Informatica
16 41 (0.84%) Salesforce.com
17 38 (0.78%) SolarWinds
17 38 (0.78%) Sybase