Period
to 25 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 25 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
25 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 11 14 21
Rank change year-on-year +3 +7 +8
Contract jobs citing Python 3,039 7,168 6,900
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 11.76% 8.87% 7.34%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.38% 20.88% 16.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,341 5,012 4,824
Median daily rate £525 £538 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.33% +2.38% +5.00%
10th Percentile £350 £390 £363
90th Percentile £750 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 88 118 124
Median hourly rate £35.00 £46.50 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.73% +12.05% +2.47%
10th Percentile £21.11 £21.63 £17.00
90th Percentile £53.25 £53.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year -22.22% +8.43% +2.47%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 11,098 34,327 42,189
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.94% 42.50% 44.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,421 24,019 29,953
Median daily rate £500 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £318
90th Percentile £700 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +2.63% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 287 608 658
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +6.82% +5.31%
10th Percentile £13.00 £20.07 £17.60
90th Percentile £53.85 £56.25 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.53
% change year-on-year -20.45% +5.95% +3.83%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 25 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 25 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 25 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 2,122 £550 - 820
North of England +6 294 £450 -5.26% 202
South East +8 218 £463 -2.63% 217
South West +15 157 £481 -8.43% 151
North West +10 157 £475 +2.70% 95
Yorkshire +2 111 £425 -15.00% 84
East of England +6 102 £447 -10.70% 158
Midlands +35 69 £438 -7.89% 99
West Midlands +37 53 £450 -5.26% 74
North East +14 24 £450 -9.09% 23
East Midlands +17 15 £405 -15.84% 25
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 25 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,196 (39.36%) AWS
2 1,134 (37.31%) Java
3 1,046 (34.42%) Agile Software Development
4 969 (31.89%) DevOps
5 907 (29.85%) Finance
6 898 (29.55%) SQL
7 737 (24.25%) Azure
8 633 (20.83%) Linux
9 630 (20.73%) Kubernetes
10 615 (20.24%) JavaScript
11 586 (19.28%) Docker
12 578 (19.02%) Software Engineering
13 564 (18.56%) Web Services
14 545 (17.93%) Jenkins
15 523 (17.21%) Banking
16 477 (15.70%) Terraform
17 470 (15.47%) Asset Management
18 455 (14.97%) GCP
19 432 (14.22%) Front Office
20 418 (13.75%) Git (software)
21 403 (13.26%) Ansible
22 391 (12.87%) Derivative
23 387 (12.73%) Security Cleared
23 387 (12.73%) Fixed Income
23 387 (12.73%) Analytics
24 370 (12.18%) Microservices
24 370 (12.18%) Serverless
25 364 (11.98%) Hedge funds
26 339 (11.15%) Bash Shell
27 337 (11.09%) Test Automation

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 228 (7.50%) Apache Spark
2 192 (6.32%) Apache
3 137 (4.51%) Confluence
4 102 (3.36%) Elasticsearch
5 66 (2.17%) Tomcat
6 59 (1.94%) Cloud Foundry
7 38 (1.25%) SAS
8 31 (1.02%) nginx
9 28 (0.92%) Jupyter
10 26 (0.86%) Apache Airflow
11 21 (0.69%) CMS
12 20 (0.66%) Mule
13 17 (0.56%) SharePoint
14 16 (0.53%) OpenStack
15 15 (0.49%) Apache Pig
15 15 (0.49%) IIS
15 15 (0.49%) JBoss
16 13 (0.43%) ArcGIS
17 12 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 11 (0.36%) GeoServer
Applications
1 81 (2.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (0.69%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (0.36%) Chatbot
3 11 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 9 (0.30%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.16%) Maya
6 3 (0.099%) SPSS
7 2 (0.066%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.066%) Stata
7 2 (0.066%) Windchill
8 1 (0.033%) Blender
8 1 (0.033%) CPLEX
8 1 (0.033%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.033%) Notepad++
8 1 (0.033%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 27 (0.89%) Markit EDM
2 26 (0.86%) Eagle PACE
3 12 (0.39%) SunGard Martini
4 8 (0.26%) Oracle Applications
5 5 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 4 (0.13%) ContrOCC
6 4 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
6 4 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
6 4 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 3 (0.099%) Magento
7 3 (0.099%) Oracle 11i
8 2 (0.066%) Adobe Campaign
8 2 (0.066%) Aligne
8 2 (0.066%) OpenText Process Suite
8 2 (0.066%) Oracle BPM
8 2 (0.066%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.066%) Oracle Payables
8 2 (0.066%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 2 (0.066%) Orchestrade
8 2 (0.066%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,196 (39.36%) AWS
2 737 (24.25%) Azure
3 455 (14.97%) GCP
4 370 (12.18%) Serverless
5 322 (10.60%) AWS Lambda
6 189 (6.22%) Amazon S3
7 180 (5.92%) Amazon EC2
8 165 (5.43%) Amazon ECS
9 161 (5.30%) AWS CloudFormation
10 135 (4.44%) OpenShift
11 111 (3.65%) Power Platform
12 106 (3.49%) GitHub
13 74 (2.44%) Apigee
14 73 (2.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 73 (2.40%) Amazon SQS
15 56 (1.84%) PaaS
16 49 (1.61%) SaaS
17 48 (1.58%) Amazon EKS
17 48 (1.58%) IaaS
17 48 (1.58%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 104 (3.42%) DNS
2 99 (3.26%) Firewall
3 95 (3.13%) HTTP
4 63 (2.07%) TCP/IP
5 52 (1.71%) DHCP
6 34 (1.12%) BGP
7 33 (1.09%) SSL
7 33 (1.09%) VPN
8 32 (1.05%) Network Security
9 30 (0.99%) WAN
10 27 (0.89%) SNMP
11 25 (0.82%) LAN
12 24 (0.79%) VLAN
13 23 (0.76%) IPv6
13 23 (0.76%) OSPF
13 23 (0.76%) SSH
14 22 (0.72%) IPv4
15 21 (0.69%) Cisco Nexus
16 20 (0.66%) Reverse Proxy
17 19 (0.63%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 308 (10.13%) Big Data
2 254 (8.36%) SQL Server
3 251 (8.26%) PostgreSQL
4 238 (7.83%) Hadoop
5 237 (7.80%) MySQL
6 191 (6.28%) Amazon Redshift
7 164 (5.40%) NoSQL
8 153 (5.03%) Data Warehouse
9 143 (4.71%) Relational Database
10 138 (4.54%) Amazon RDS
11 116 (3.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 114 (3.75%) MongoDB
13 110 (3.62%) Power BI
14 102 (3.36%) Apache Hive
15 72 (2.37%) Data Lake
16 62 (2.04%) RDBMS
17 59 (1.94%) Oracle Database
18 50 (1.65%) Impala
19 45 (1.48%) Redis
20 39 (1.28%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 545 (17.93%) Jenkins
2 418 (13.75%) Git (software)
3 228 (7.50%) JIRA
4 220 (7.24%) GitLab
5 150 (4.94%) Artifactory
6 93 (3.06%) RStudio
7 75 (2.47%) Maven
8 72 (2.37%) JUnit
9 64 (2.11%) Bitbucket
10 61 (2.01%) Subversion
10 61 (2.01%) TeamCity
11 57 (1.88%) Selenium
12 54 (1.78%) Sonatype Nexus
13 53 (1.74%) Cucumber
14 42 (1.38%) Gradle
15 38 (1.25%) SonarQube
16 37 (1.22%) Vagrant
17 36 (1.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 29 (0.95%) CircleCI
19 26 (0.86%) Xcode
General
1 907 (29.85%) Finance
2 523 (17.21%) Banking
3 432 (14.22%) Front Office
4 258 (8.49%) Investment Banking
5 120 (3.95%) Public Sector
6 84 (2.76%) Back Office
7 60 (1.97%) Telecoms
8 56 (1.84%) Marketing
9 35 (1.15%) Manufacturing
9 35 (1.15%) Retail
10 33 (1.09%) Electronics
11 32 (1.05%) Games
12 28 (0.92%) Financial Institution
13 26 (0.86%) Law
14 24 (0.79%) French Language
15 23 (0.76%) Pharmaceutical
16 20 (0.66%) Aerospace
17 17 (0.56%) Legal
18 13 (0.43%) Advertising
19 10 (0.33%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,121 (36.89%) Developer
2 492 (16.19%) Python Developer
3 323 (10.63%) AWS Engineer
4 312 (10.27%) DevOps Engineer
5 269 (8.85%) Python Engineer
6 264 (8.69%) Data Engineer
7 254 (8.36%) Software Engineer
8 216 (7.11%) AWS Developer
9 180 (5.92%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 160 (5.26%) Java Developer
11 159 (5.23%) Analyst
12 154 (5.07%) Architect
13 124 (4.08%) JavaScript Developer
14 123 (4.05%) Cloud Engineer
15 119 (3.92%) Java Engineer
16 110 (3.62%) AWS DevOps
17 108 (3.55%) Data Scientist
18 101 (3.32%) Senior Developer
19 94 (3.09%) AWS Software Engineer
20 92 (3.03%) Python Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 564 (18.56%) Web Services
2 332 (10.92%) AngularJS
3 328 (10.79%) React
4 231 (7.60%) Node.js
5 203 (6.68%) REST
6 182 (5.99%) .NET
7 169 (5.56%) Vue.js
8 167 (5.50%) HTML
9 146 (4.80%) Kafka
10 128 (4.21%) Django
11 127 (4.18%) CSS
12 123 (4.05%) Spring
13 117 (3.85%) gRPC
14 112 (3.69%) RESTful
15 106 (3.49%) Pandas
16 101 (3.32%) OAuth
17 99 (3.26%) JSON
18 96 (3.16%) PySpark
18 96 (3.16%) Swagger
19 89 (2.93%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 391 (12.87%) Derivative
2 387 (12.73%) Fixed Income
3 364 (11.98%) Hedge funds
4 312 (10.27%) Equities
5 243 (8.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 235 (7.73%) Analytical Skills
7 145 (4.77%) Greenfield Project
8 106 (3.49%) Algorithms
9 87 (2.86%) Mobile App
10 78 (2.57%) Linux Command Line
11 74 (2.44%) User Experience
12 67 (2.20%) Cloud Native
13 54 (1.78%) Blog
14 51 (1.68%) Management Information System
15 50 (1.65%) Public Cloud
16 47 (1.55%) Data Structures
17 45 (1.48%) Reference Data
18 39 (1.28%) Credit Derivative
18 39 (1.28%) Self-Motivation
19 35 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 633 (20.83%) Linux
2 208 (6.84%) Windows
3 190 (6.25%) Unix
4 104 (3.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 88 (2.90%) CentOS
6 58 (1.91%) Android
7 54 (1.78%) Apple iOS
7 54 (1.78%) Windows Server
8 28 (0.92%) Windows Server 2016
9 27 (0.89%) Debian
10 25 (0.82%) Ubuntu
11 18 (0.59%) Mac OS X
12 17 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
13 15 (0.49%) Solaris
13 15 (0.49%) Windows 10
14 11 (0.36%) Mac OS
15 7 (0.23%) Oracle Linux
16 6 (0.20%) Embedded Linux
17 5 (0.16%) VMS
18 4 (0.13%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,046 (34.42%) Agile Software Development
2 969 (31.89%) DevOps
3 578 (19.02%) Software Engineering
4 470 (15.47%) Asset Management
5 387 (12.73%) Analytics
6 370 (12.18%) Microservices
7 337 (11.09%) Test Automation
8 323 (10.63%) Data Science
8 323 (10.63%) Investment Management
9 271 (8.92%) Machine Learning
10 258 (8.49%) Scrum
11 208 (6.84%) Continuous Integration
12 204 (6.71%) Open Source
13 196 (6.45%) TDD
14 184 (6.05%) Problem-Solving
15 182 (5.99%) Business Intelligence
16 174 (5.73%) ETL
17 171 (5.63%) Infrastructure as Code
18 169 (5.56%) Visualisation
19 166 (5.46%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 1,134 (37.31%) Java
2 898 (29.55%) SQL
3 615 (20.24%) JavaScript
4 339 (11.15%) Bash Shell
5 288 (9.48%) C#
6 276 (9.08%) C++
7 273 (8.98%) R
8 208 (6.84%) PowerShell
9 194 (6.38%) Perl
10 165 (5.43%) Ruby
11 154 (5.07%) Scala
12 140 (4.61%) Go
13 139 (4.57%) Shell Script
14 131 (4.31%) C
15 116 (3.82%) Kotlin
16 103 (3.39%) TypeScript
17 89 (2.93%) VBA
18 83 (2.73%) PHP
19 60 (1.97%) Java 8
20 55 (1.81%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 387 (12.73%) Security Cleared
2 292 (9.61%) SC Cleared
3 198 (6.52%) Degree
4 79 (2.60%) DV Cleared
5 61 (2.01%) Computer Science Degree
6 36 (1.18%) AWS Certification
7 35 (1.15%) Numerate Degree
8 32 (1.05%) PhD
9 31 (1.02%) Cisco Certification
10 25 (0.82%) Sun Certification
11 24 (0.79%) BPSS Clearance
12 22 (0.72%) CCNP
12 22 (0.72%) Master's Degree
13 21 (0.69%) CCIE
14 17 (0.56%) CCNA
15 15 (0.49%) CCA
16 10 (0.33%) CCDA
17 9 (0.30%) CCIE Routing and Switching
17 9 (0.30%) PMI Certification
17 9 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 114 (3.75%) QA
2 49 (1.61%) Data Quality
3 19 (0.63%) GDPR
3 19 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 17 (0.56%) SLA
5 10 (0.33%) NIST
5 10 (0.33%) PCI DSS
6 8 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
6 8 (0.26%) HIPAA
7 5 (0.16%) PSD2
8 4 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 3 (0.099%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.066%) AICPA
10 2 (0.066%) COBIT
10 2 (0.066%) ISO 20022
10 2 (0.066%) ISO/IEC 17025
10 2 (0.066%) SEPA
11 1 (0.033%) FINREP
11 1 (0.033%) PMO
11 1 (0.033%) TARGET2
System Software
1 586 (19.28%) Docker
2 90 (2.96%) Active Directory
3 77 (2.53%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (0.89%) HDFS
5 26 (0.86%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 21 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
7 18 (0.59%) Hyper-V
7 18 (0.59%) vSphere
8 14 (0.46%) VMware NSX
9 12 (0.39%) NFS
9 12 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
10 10 (0.33%) VMware Workstation
11 8 (0.26%) OpenAM
12 5 (0.16%) GeoWebCache
12 5 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
13 4 (0.13%) KVM
13 4 (0.13%) vCloud
13 4 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
14 3 (0.099%) oVirt
14 3 (0.099%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 630 (20.73%) Kubernetes
2 477 (15.70%) Terraform
3 403 (13.26%) Ansible
4 223 (7.34%) Puppet
5 135 (4.44%) Opscode Chef
6 78 (2.57%) Prometheus
7 69 (2.27%) Packer
8 53 (1.74%) Grafana
9 50 (1.65%) Kibana
10 36 (1.18%) Salt
11 32 (1.05%) logstash
12 30 (0.99%) Nagios
13 23 (0.76%) Single Sign-On
14 17 (0.56%) ZABBIX
15 16 (0.53%) Consul
16 14 (0.46%) Rundeck
17 12 (0.39%) SCCM
18 9 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
18 9 (0.30%) WSUS
19 8 (0.26%) Istio
Vendors
1 310 (10.20%) Google
2 252 (8.29%) Oracle
3 179 (5.89%) Microsoft
4 170 (5.59%) Splunk
5 116 (3.82%) Tableau
6 108 (3.55%) Cloudera
7 106 (3.49%) VMware
8 99 (3.26%) Databricks
9 81 (2.67%) Red Hat
10 64 (2.11%) AppDynamics
11 63 (2.07%) Bloomberg
11 63 (2.07%) Cisco
12 57 (1.88%) MuleSoft
13 50 (1.65%) Hortonworks
14 47 (1.55%) Atlassian
15 41 (1.35%) SAP
16 37 (1.22%) Dell
17 35 (1.15%) F5
18 30 (0.99%) Reuters
19 28 (0.92%) Sybase