Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 16 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
16 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 13 13 16
Rank change year-on-year 0 +3 0
Contract jobs citing Python 7,053 4,741 4,125
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 10.04% 10.51% 9.22%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.92% 25.63% 22.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,066 3,454 2,958
10th Percentile £425 £366 £377
25th Percentile £513 £446 £444
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - -0.94%
75th Percentile £700 £638 £638
90th Percentile £788 £700 £713
UK median daily rate £600 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +14.29% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 99 73 68
10th Percentile £25.50 £22.55 £18.25
25th Percentile £41.50 £26.00 £22.29
Median hourly rate £52.56 £40.00 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year +31.39% -5.88% -5.56%
75th Percentile £61.50 £50.50 £48.06
90th Percentile £65.15 £60.00 £57.85
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £40.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +25.00% -5.88% -5.56%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,196 18,498 18,442
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 37.28% 40.99% 41.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,325 13,194 13,174
10th Percentile £381 £325 £325
25th Percentile £456 £406 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £675 £600 £588
90th Percentile £771 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £488
% change year-on-year +10.00% +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 481 370 310
10th Percentile £20.25 £17.24 £17.50
25th Percentile £35.00 £24.35 £21.59
Median hourly rate £50.77 £41.31 £43.00
Median % change year-on-year +22.90% -3.93% -1.62%
75th Percentile £62.50 £52.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £75.00 £62.00 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £41.30 £42.50
% change year-on-year +21.07% -2.82% -1.16%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 16 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 16 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 16 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London 0 4,962 £610 +10.91% 1,170
South East -2 478 £540 +13.68% 244
North of England -9 428 £538 +17.49% 234
South West -14 263 £525 +5.00% 153
North West -12 228 £550 +22.22% 131
East of England +1 211 £575 +19.79% 255
Yorkshire -4 195 £531 +14.86% 70
Midlands -14 164 £500 +22.70% 130
West Midlands -6 131 £510 +27.50% 82
East Midlands -23 30 £475 +17.28% 48
North East +11 21 £538 +8.59% 33
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 16 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 2,556 (36.24%) AWS
2 2,353 (33.36%) Agile
3 2,231 (31.63%) SQL
4 2,190 (31.05%) DevOps
5 2,188 (31.02%) Azure
6 1,858 (26.34%) CI/CD
7 1,736 (24.61%) Java
8 1,701 (24.12%) Finance
9 1,530 (21.69%) Linux
10 1,427 (20.23%) Terraform
11 1,426 (20.22%) Kubernetes
12 1,385 (19.64%) Docker
13 1,243 (17.62%) Analytics
14 1,169 (16.57%) Social Skills
15 1,152 (16.33%) Git (software)
16 1,125 (15.95%) Software Engineering
17 1,116 (15.82%) JavaScript
18 1,108 (15.71%) GCP
19 1,019 (14.45%) Ansible
20 1,008 (14.29%) Jenkins
21 806 (11.43%) Bash
22 776 (11.00%) React
23 775 (10.99%) Test Automation
24 759 (10.76%) Banking
25 757 (10.73%) Security Cleared
26 716 (10.15%) C#
27 690 (9.78%) PowerShell
28 686 (9.73%) Problem-Solving
29 685 (9.71%) Data Science
30 683 (9.68%) Analytical Skills

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 469 (6.65%) Apache Spark
2 308 (4.37%) Confluence
3 270 (3.83%) Apache
4 183 (2.59%) Apache Airflow
5 161 (2.28%) Elasticsearch
6 136 (1.93%) nginx
7 85 (1.21%) SAS
8 58 (0.82%) OpenStack
9 55 (0.78%) SharePoint
10 42 (0.60%) Jupyter
11 39 (0.55%) WebSphere
12 36 (0.51%) Tomcat
13 34 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
13 34 (0.48%) Traefik
14 26 (0.37%) IIS
15 23 (0.33%) CMS
16 21 (0.30%) BizTalk Server
17 19 (0.27%) Ethereum
18 18 (0.26%) JBoss
19 13 (0.18%) WebLogic
Applications
1 216 (3.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 36 (0.51%) MS Visio
4 33 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
5 27 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
6 20 (0.28%) SPSS
7 9 (0.13%) Stata
8 7 (0.099%) Microsoft Project
9 6 (0.085%) Maya
10 5 (0.071%) Adobe Illustrator
11 3 (0.043%) Chatbot
11 3 (0.043%) Houdini
12 2 (0.028%) Blender
12 2 (0.028%) InVision
12 2 (0.028%) Photoshop
12 2 (0.028%) Sketch
13 1 (0.014%) 3ds Max
13 1 (0.014%) AutoCAD
13 1 (0.014%) GIMP
13 1 (0.014%) Pipeline Pilot
Business Applications
1 20 (0.28%) Sentinel
2 19 (0.27%) BusinessWorks
3 13 (0.18%) SunGard Martini
4 8 (0.11%) RMDS
4 8 (0.11%) Shopify
5 7 (0.099%) Magento
6 6 (0.085%) thinkFolio
7 5 (0.071%) Remedy ITSM
8 4 (0.057%) Dynamics CRM
8 4 (0.057%) Oracle AML
9 3 (0.043%) Advent Geneva
9 3 (0.043%) Eikon
9 3 (0.043%) FINCAD Analytics
9 3 (0.043%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 2 (0.028%) assyst
10 2 (0.028%) Dynamics AX
10 2 (0.028%) ION MarketView
10 2 (0.028%) Oracle Cash Management
10 2 (0.028%) Oracle Payables
10 2 (0.028%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 2,556 (36.24%) AWS
2 2,188 (31.02%) Azure
3 1,108 (15.71%) GCP
4 663 (9.40%) Serverless
5 416 (5.90%) AWS Lambda
5 416 (5.90%) GitHub
6 361 (5.12%) Power Platform
7 315 (4.47%) AWS CloudFormation
8 291 (4.13%) Amazon S3
9 252 (3.57%) Amazon EC2
10 238 (3.37%) Azure Data Factory
11 214 (3.03%) PaaS
12 160 (2.27%) Amazon ECS
13 155 (2.20%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 141 (2.00%) OpenShift
15 138 (1.96%) Snowflake
16 137 (1.94%) IaaS
17 135 (1.91%) SaaS
18 124 (1.76%) Amazon EKS
19 105 (1.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 204 (2.89%) DNS
2 187 (2.65%) Firewall
3 161 (2.28%) TCP/IP
4 99 (1.40%) Internet
5 93 (1.32%) HTTP
6 80 (1.13%) VPN
7 75 (1.06%) Network Security
8 72 (1.02%) SSH
9 62 (0.88%) BGP
10 59 (0.84%) DHCP
11 55 (0.78%) SSL
12 51 (0.72%) MPLS
13 48 (0.68%) Kerberos
14 42 (0.60%) WAN
15 41 (0.58%) Multicast
15 41 (0.58%) Wireless
16 34 (0.48%) FTP
17 31 (0.44%) SMTP
18 29 (0.41%) OSPF
19 28 (0.40%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 441 (6.25%) Big Data
2 434 (6.15%) SQL Server
3 431 (6.11%) PostgreSQL
4 388 (5.50%) Data Warehouse
5 347 (4.92%) Power BI
6 307 (4.35%) Data Lake
6 307 (4.35%) NoSQL
7 270 (3.83%) Hadoop
8 266 (3.77%) Relational Database
9 232 (3.29%) MongoDB
10 227 (3.22%) MySQL
11 225 (3.19%) Tableau
12 176 (2.50%) BigQuery
13 163 (2.31%) Amazon Redshift
14 140 (1.98%) Apache Hive
15 130 (1.84%) Amazon RDS
16 120 (1.70%) Azure SQL Database
17 112 (1.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 93 (1.32%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 88 (1.25%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,152 (16.33%) Git (software)
2 1,008 (14.29%) Jenkins
3 652 (9.24%) JIRA
4 402 (5.70%) GitLab
5 174 (2.47%) Maven
6 151 (2.14%) Artifactory
7 147 (2.08%) Bitbucket
8 137 (1.94%) Subversion
9 136 (1.93%) Selenium
10 122 (1.73%) TeamCity
11 105 (1.49%) CircleCI
12 97 (1.38%) SonarQube
13 93 (1.32%) Gradle
14 84 (1.19%) Cucumber
14 84 (1.19%) Sonatype Nexus
15 69 (0.98%) JUnit
16 63 (0.89%) gulp
16 63 (0.89%) Travis CI
17 57 (0.81%) git-flow
17 57 (0.81%) Visual Studio
General
1 1,701 (24.12%) Finance
2 1,169 (16.57%) Social Skills
3 759 (10.76%) Banking
4 683 (9.68%) Analytical Skills
5 640 (9.07%) Front Office
6 375 (5.32%) Public Sector
7 340 (4.82%) Investment Banking
8 168 (2.38%) Presentation Skills
9 144 (2.04%) Telecoms
10 141 (2.00%) Marketing
11 123 (1.74%) Financial Institution
12 116 (1.64%) Retail
13 99 (1.40%) Legal
14 80 (1.13%) Influencing Skills
15 70 (0.99%) Pharmaceutical
16 61 (0.86%) Law
17 48 (0.68%) Publishing
18 47 (0.67%) Manufacturing
19 46 (0.65%) Back Office
20 43 (0.61%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 2,214 (31.39%) Developer
2 1,168 (16.56%) Python Developer
3 864 (12.25%) DevOps Engineer
4 847 (12.01%) Data Engineer
5 563 (7.98%) Python Engineer
6 557 (7.90%) AWS Engineer
7 470 (6.66%) Software Engineer
8 452 (6.41%) Analyst
9 367 (5.20%) Architect
10 304 (4.31%) Senior Developer
11 291 (4.13%) Azure Engineer
12 265 (3.76%) Cloud Engineer
13 234 (3.32%) Java Developer
14 229 (3.25%) AWS Developer
15 207 (2.93%) Data Scientist
16 203 (2.88%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 201 (2.85%) AWS DevOps
18 178 (2.52%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 175 (2.48%) Full Stack Developer
20 170 (2.41%) Senior Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 776 (11.00%) React
2 449 (6.37%) Django
2 449 (6.37%) Kafka
3 439 (6.22%) .NET
4 433 (6.14%) REST
5 413 (5.86%) Node.js
6 403 (5.71%) HTML
7 383 (5.43%) Pandas
8 344 (4.88%) Flask
9 328 (4.65%) CSS
10 289 (4.10%) NumPy
11 268 (3.80%) PySpark
12 227 (3.22%) JSON
13 217 (3.08%) AngularJS
14 213 (3.02%) RESTful
15 158 (2.24%) HTML5
16 155 (2.20%) XML
17 151 (2.14%) Elastic Stack
18 135 (1.91%) Spring
19 131 (1.86%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 340 (4.82%) Algorithms
2 327 (4.64%) Derivative
3 306 (4.34%) Equities
4 270 (3.83%) Hedge funds
5 265 (3.76%) Data Structures
6 261 (3.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 225 (3.19%) Cloud Native
7 225 (3.19%) Fixed Income
7 225 (3.19%) Public Cloud
8 189 (2.68%) Greenfield Project
9 164 (2.33%) Data Protection Act
10 150 (2.13%) User Experience
11 138 (1.96%) Self-Motivation
12 115 (1.63%) Linux Command Line
13 109 (1.55%) Data Centre
14 106 (1.50%) Management Information System
15 96 (1.36%) Hybrid Cloud
16 76 (1.08%) Market Risk
17 65 (0.92%) PKI
17 65 (0.92%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,530 (21.69%) Linux
2 601 (8.52%) Windows
3 420 (5.95%) Unix
4 212 (3.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 104 (1.47%) CentOS
5 104 (1.47%) Windows Server
6 56 (0.79%) Ubuntu
7 38 (0.54%) Android
8 27 (0.38%) Solaris
8 27 (0.38%) Windows 10
9 25 (0.35%) Apple iOS
10 21 (0.30%) Windows Server 2016
11 19 (0.27%) VMS
12 14 (0.20%) Mac OS
13 12 (0.17%) Windows Server 2019
14 11 (0.16%) Debian
14 11 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
15 10 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
15 10 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
15 10 (0.14%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,353 (33.36%) Agile
2 2,190 (31.05%) DevOps
3 1,858 (26.34%) CI/CD
4 1,243 (17.62%) Analytics
5 1,125 (15.95%) Software Engineering
6 775 (10.99%) Test Automation
7 686 (9.73%) Problem-Solving
8 685 (9.71%) Data Science
9 621 (8.80%) Infrastructure as Code
10 606 (8.59%) Scrum
11 605 (8.58%) Microservices
12 600 (8.51%) Full Stack Development
13 560 (7.94%) ETL
14 509 (7.22%) Machine Learning
15 492 (6.98%) Continuous Integration
16 480 (6.81%) Business Intelligence
16 480 (6.81%) Data Modelling
17 474 (6.72%) Data Engineering
18 468 (6.64%) TDD
19 462 (6.55%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,231 (31.63%) SQL
2 1,736 (24.61%) Java
3 1,116 (15.82%) JavaScript
4 806 (11.43%) Bash
5 716 (10.15%) C#
6 690 (9.78%) PowerShell
7 549 (7.78%) C++
8 514 (7.29%) Go
9 408 (5.78%) Scala
10 382 (5.42%) TypeScript
11 367 (5.20%) R
12 326 (4.62%) Ruby
13 296 (4.20%) C
14 283 (4.01%) Perl
15 245 (3.47%) Shell Script
16 204 (2.89%) Groovy
17 134 (1.90%) VBA
18 125 (1.77%) PHP
19 101 (1.43%) PL/SQL
20 71 (1.01%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 757 (10.73%) Security Cleared
2 612 (8.68%) SC Cleared
3 380 (5.39%) Degree
4 136 (1.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 131 (1.86%) DV Cleared
6 83 (1.18%) Cisco Certification
7 75 (1.06%) AWS Certification
7 75 (1.06%) PhD
8 58 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
9 54 (0.77%) Master's Degree
10 51 (0.72%) CCNP
11 45 (0.64%) CISSP
12 31 (0.44%) CCNA
13 23 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
14 21 (0.30%) CCIE
15 20 (0.28%) FFIEC
15 20 (0.28%) ISTQB
16 19 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
17 17 (0.24%) JNCIA
18 15 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 330 (4.68%) QA
2 208 (2.95%) Data Quality
3 83 (1.18%) GDPR
4 62 (0.88%) Accessibility
5 36 (0.51%) NCSC
6 34 (0.48%) SLA
7 32 (0.45%) NIST
8 24 (0.34%) PCI DSS
9 20 (0.28%) GLBA
10 19 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 15 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 12 (0.17%) PMO
13 8 (0.11%) MiFID
13 8 (0.11%) WCAG
14 7 (0.099%) Actionable Recommendations
15 6 (0.085%) HL7
16 5 (0.071%) NIST 800
17 4 (0.057%) Disclosure Scotland
17 4 (0.057%) HIPAA
17 4 (0.057%) IFRS
System Software
1 1,385 (19.64%) Docker
2 172 (2.44%) VMware Infrastructure
3 155 (2.20%) Active Directory
4 68 (0.96%) Virtual Machines
5 66 (0.94%) HDFS
6 42 (0.60%) VMware ESXi
7 41 (0.58%) NFS
8 39 (0.55%) vSphere
9 26 (0.37%) VMware NSX
10 18 (0.26%) Ceph
10 18 (0.26%) KVM
11 15 (0.21%) Hyper-V
11 15 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
12 11 (0.16%) VirtualBox
13 8 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 8 (0.11%) Firmware
13 8 (0.11%) Slurm Workload Manager
14 7 (0.099%) iptables
14 7 (0.099%) OpenSSH
14 7 (0.099%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,427 (20.23%) Terraform
2 1,426 (20.22%) Kubernetes
3 1,019 (14.45%) Ansible
4 327 (4.64%) Puppet
5 248 (3.52%) Opscode Chef
6 221 (3.13%) Prometheus
7 201 (2.85%) Grafana
8 132 (1.87%) Packer
9 116 (1.64%) Kibana
10 101 (1.43%) Consul
11 84 (1.19%) Docker Swarm
12 74 (1.05%) Istio
13 60 (0.85%) ITRS Geneos
14 57 (0.81%) logstash
15 53 (0.75%) BladeLogic
16 46 (0.65%) ZABBIX
17 45 (0.64%) HAProxy
18 34 (0.48%) Podman
19 33 (0.47%) Graphite
20 31 (0.44%) linkerd
Vendors
1 613 (8.69%) Microsoft
2 481 (6.82%) Oracle
3 440 (6.24%) Google
4 414 (5.87%) Databricks
5 283 (4.01%) Splunk
6 230 (3.26%) VMware
7 143 (2.03%) Red Hat
8 122 (1.73%) Cisco
9 104 (1.47%) Atlassian
10 93 (1.32%) ServiceNow
11 81 (1.15%) Informatica
12 75 (1.06%) IBM
13 58 (0.82%) SAP
14 52 (0.74%) TIBCO
15 51 (0.72%) AppDynamics
16 49 (0.69%) Dynatrace
17 48 (0.68%) Citrix
18 45 (0.64%) PagerDuty
19 43 (0.61%) Bloomberg
20 42 (0.60%) F5