The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 3 months to 29 April 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK / England
3 months to
29 Apr 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 30 43 62
Rank change year-on-year +13 +19  
Contract jobs citing Python 2766 2176 1564
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 6.36% 4.24% 3.08%
As % of the Programming Languages category 15.34% 11.03% 8.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 1939 1509 1055
Median daily rate £488 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +5.55%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £350 £290
10% offered a daily rate of more than £625 £600 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £375
% change year-on-year - +13.33%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 61 40 34
Median hourly rate £41.00 £38.00 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.89% +2.70%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £32.50 £20.13 £22.03
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £65.00 £44.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.00 £38.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.63% -5.00%  

Python is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for programming language skills.

Contract Programming Language Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 18026 19720 19124
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 41.45% 38.39% 37.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 12455 13713 12605
Median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £390 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +4.00% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 401 423 404
Median hourly rate £42.50 £38.00 £35.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.84% +7.04%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £23.00 £13.00 £19.66
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £47.81 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £38.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +11.84% +5.55%  

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing Python as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Programming Languages category.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 3 months to 29 April 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 3 months to 29 April 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 3 months to 29 April 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +14 1718 £510 +2.00% 551
South East +3 371 £445 -1.11% 154
Yorkshire +28 198 £420 -1.17% 60
East of England +6 122 £403 -2.42% 120
South West -4 102 £441 +10.25% 58
North West +30 96 £405 -5.26% 66
West Midlands +79 78 £461 -5.38% 20
North East +28 41 £404 +0.24% 5
East Midlands +16 34 £500 +47.05% 10
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 29 April 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 2079 (41.05%) Linux
2 1878 (37.08%) Java
3 1872 (36.96%) Agile Software Development
4 1450 (28.63%) DevOps
5 1171 (23.12%) Ruby
6 1125 (22.21%) SQL
7 1027 (20.28%) Amazon AWS
8 986 (19.47%) Puppet
9 976 (19.27%) Git (software)
10 970 (19.15%) Jenkins
11 908 (17.93%) JavaScript
12 891 (17.59%) Ansible
13 887 (17.51%) Finance
14 873 (17.24%) Bash Shell
15 829 (16.37%) Perl
16 816 (16.11%) Unix
17 810 (15.99%) Continuous Integration
18 769 (15.18%) Docker
19 740 (14.61%) Big Data
20 699 (13.80%) Hadoop
21 691 (13.64%) HTML
22 673 (13.29%) Configuration Management
23 648 (12.79%) Opscode Chef
24 632 (12.48%) Scala
25 627 (12.38%) Open Source
26 566 (11.17%) TDD
27 546 (10.78%) CSS
28 542 (10.70%) Django
29 518 (10.23%) Apache Spark
30 507 (10.01%) C++

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 518 (10.23%) Apache Spark
2 329 (6.50%) Apache
3 276 (5.45%) Elasticsearch
4 254 (5.01%) Confluence
5 199 (3.93%) nginx
6 172 (3.40%) Tomcat
7 148 (2.92%) OpenStack
8 117 (2.31%) SAS
9 114 (2.25%) Cloud Foundry
10 113 (2.23%) Apache Pig
11 69 (1.36%) JBoss
12 62 (1.22%) WebLogic
13 60 (1.18%) Apache Solr
14 52 (1.03%) CMS
15 49 (0.97%) IIS
16 36 (0.71%) WebSphere
17 34 (0.67%) Drupal
18 26 (0.51%) Jupyter
19 18 (0.36%) WordPress
20 17 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 68 (1.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 45 (0.89%) Spreadsheet
3 43 (0.85%) Photoshop
4 33 (0.65%) SPSS
5 15 (0.30%) Doxygen
6 13 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
7 9 (0.18%) Stata
8 6 (0.12%) Weka
9 5 (0.099%) Simulink
10 4 (0.079%) GNU Octave
11 3 (0.059%) HipChat
11 3 (0.059%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 3 (0.059%) MS Visio
11 3 (0.059%) S-PLUS
12 2 (0.039%) Adobe Illustrator
12 2 (0.039%) Mathematica
12 2 (0.039%) Maya
13 1 (0.020%) 3ds Max
13 1 (0.020%) Adobe After Effects
13 1 (0.020%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 46 (0.91%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 8 (0.16%) ION MarketView
2 8 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
3 6 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
4 5 (0.099%) Oracle Applications
4 5 (0.099%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 4 (0.079%) FINCAD Analytics
6 3 (0.059%) Front Arena
6 3 (0.059%) Relativity
6 3 (0.059%) Sentinel
7 2 (0.039%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.039%) Oracle BPM
7 2 (0.039%) Ringtail
7 2 (0.039%) RMDS
7 2 (0.039%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.039%) Veritas eDiscovery
8 1 (0.020%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 1 (0.020%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 1 (0.020%) SAP MDG
8 1 (0.020%) SAP MDM
Cloud Services
1 1027 (20.28%) Amazon AWS
2 299 (5.90%) Microsoft Azure
3 170 (3.36%) PaaS
4 142 (2.80%) GitHub
5 130 (2.57%) Amazon EC2
6 122 (2.41%) AWS CloudFormation
7 105 (2.07%) Amazon S3
8 86 (1.70%) IaaS
9 83 (1.64%) Google Cloud Platform
10 70 (1.38%) Cloud Computing
11 56 (1.11%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 50 (0.99%) SaaS
13 48 (0.95%) Amazon EMR
14 34 (0.67%) Datadog
15 32 (0.63%) Google Analytics
16 31 (0.61%) AWS Lambda
17 28 (0.55%) Amazon ELB
17 28 (0.55%) Heroku
18 26 (0.51%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 26 (0.51%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 361 (7.13%) HTTP
2 280 (5.53%) TCP/IP
3 164 (3.24%) DNS
4 163 (3.22%) SSL
5 160 (3.16%) Firewall
6 126 (2.49%) Internet
7 91 (1.80%) LDAP
8 52 (1.03%) Kerberos
9 44 (0.87%) Wireless
10 40 (0.79%) SAN
11 39 (0.77%) VPN
12 38 (0.75%) DHCP
13 35 (0.69%) SSH
14 32 (0.63%) SNMP
15 28 (0.55%) Network Security
16 26 (0.51%) SMTP
17 24 (0.47%) Wireshark
18 21 (0.41%) HTTPS
18 21 (0.41%) LAN
18 21 (0.41%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 740 (14.61%) Big Data
2 699 (13.80%) Hadoop
3 477 (9.42%) PostgreSQL
4 418 (8.25%) Relational Database
5 396 (7.82%) MongoDB
6 373 (7.36%) MySQL
6 373 (7.36%) NoSQL
7 301 (5.94%) Apache Hive
8 265 (5.23%) SQL Server
9 183 (3.61%) Apache Cassandra
10 139 (2.74%) HBase
11 138 (2.72%) Data Warehouse
12 116 (2.29%) Redis
13 107 (2.11%) RDBMS
14 104 (2.05%) Oracle Database
15 72 (1.42%) Impala
16 54 (1.07%) Amazon RDS
17 53 (1.05%) Sqoop
18 50 (0.99%) Data Mining
19 46 (0.91%) DB2
Development Applications
1 976 (19.27%) Git (software)
2 970 (19.15%) Jenkins
3 499 (9.85%) JIRA
4 297 (5.86%) Selenium
5 285 (5.63%) Subversion
6 224 (4.42%) Maven
7 199 (3.93%) Cucumber
8 153 (3.02%) JUnit
9 140 (2.76%) TeamCity
10 128 (2.53%) Vagrant
11 92 (1.82%) WebDriver
12 88 (1.74%) Gradle
13 82 (1.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 81 (1.60%) Bitbucket
15 74 (1.46%) Sonatype Nexus
16 73 (1.44%) Ant
17 66 (1.30%) gulp
18 63 (1.24%) Hudson
19 51 (1.01%) SoapUI
20 48 (0.95%) Eclipse
General
1 887 (17.51%) Finance
2 476 (9.40%) Banking
3 213 (4.21%) Investment Banking
4 180 (3.55%) Front Office
5 156 (3.08%) Telecoms
6 144 (2.84%) Marketing
7 100 (1.97%) Retail
8 87 (1.72%) Electronics
9 61 (1.20%) Manufacturing
10 48 (0.95%) Games
11 45 (0.89%) Financial Institution
12 39 (0.77%) Publishing
13 33 (0.65%) Law
14 23 (0.45%) Billing
15 19 (0.38%) Back Office
15 19 (0.38%) Legal
16 13 (0.26%) Automotive
16 13 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
17 10 (0.20%) Aerospace
18 9 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1995 (39.39%) Developer
2 868 (17.14%) Python Developer
3 825 (16.29%) DevOps Engineer
4 296 (5.84%) Java Developer
5 291 (5.75%) Analyst
6 264 (5.21%) Linux Engineer
7 263 (5.19%) AWS Engineer
8 231 (4.56%) Architect
9 222 (4.38%) Data Engineer
10 221 (4.36%) AWS DevOps
11 195 (3.85%) Senior Developer
12 189 (3.73%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 183 (3.61%) Data Scientist
14 180 (3.55%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 172 (3.40%) Administrator
16 153 (3.02%) Big Data Engineer
17 150 (2.96%) C++ Developer
18 142 (2.80%) Software Engineer
19 141 (2.78%) Linux DevOps Engineer
20 140 (2.76%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 691 (13.64%) HTML
2 546 (10.78%) CSS
3 542 (10.70%) Django
4 437 (8.63%) Web Services
5 359 (7.09%) REST
6 336 (6.63%) Node.js
7 322 (6.36%) JSON
8 301 (5.94%) XML
9 273 (5.39%) HTML5
10 255 (5.03%) AngularJS
11 243 (4.80%) .NET
12 228 (4.50%) RESTful
13 224 (4.42%) Flask
14 214 (4.23%) Kafka
15 213 (4.21%) Spring
16 173 (3.42%) Elastic Stack
17 172 (3.40%) CSS3
18 156 (3.08%) jQuery
19 137 (2.70%) Ajax
20 128 (2.53%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 358 (7.07%) Analytical Skills
2 281 (5.55%) Computer Science
3 215 (4.24%) Algorithms
4 182 (3.59%) Greenfield Project
5 147 (2.90%) User Experience
6 113 (2.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 100 (1.97%) Fixed Income
8 98 (1.93%) Linux Command Line
9 95 (1.88%) Public Cloud
10 86 (1.70%) Data Centre
11 83 (1.64%) Derivative
12 82 (1.62%) Management Information System
13 73 (1.44%) Clustering
14 71 (1.40%) Fintech
15 67 (1.32%) Mobile App
16 65 (1.28%) Enterprise Software
17 59 (1.16%) Data Structures
18 50 (0.99%) Credit Risk
19 43 (0.85%) Equities
20 33 (0.65%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 2079 (41.05%) Linux
2 816 (16.11%) Unix
3 494 (9.75%) Windows
4 331 (6.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 283 (5.59%) CentOS
6 215 (4.24%) Ubuntu
7 82 (1.62%) Android
8 77 (1.52%) Mac OS X
9 68 (1.34%) Windows Server
10 66 (1.30%) Solaris
11 61 (1.20%) Apple iOS
12 56 (1.11%) Debian
13 40 (0.79%) AIX
13 40 (0.79%) Windows Server 2008
14 35 (0.69%) Mac OS
15 30 (0.59%) Windows Server 2012
16 25 (0.49%) CoreOS
17 23 (0.45%) SUSE
18 17 (0.34%) Fedora
18 17 (0.34%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 1872 (36.96%) Agile Software Development
2 1450 (28.63%) DevOps
3 810 (15.99%) Continuous Integration
4 673 (13.29%) Configuration Management
5 627 (12.38%) Open Source
6 566 (11.17%) TDD
7 487 (9.62%) Analytics
8 485 (9.58%) Scrum
9 412 (8.13%) Software Engineering
10 311 (6.14%) Continuous Delivery
11 310 (6.12%) OO
12 300 (5.92%) Web Development
13 279 (5.51%) Machine Learning
14 258 (5.09%) Business Intelligence
15 257 (5.07%) SDLC
16 256 (5.05%) Automated Testing
17 233 (4.60%) BDD
18 215 (4.24%) Microservices
19 214 (4.23%) Mathematics
20 212 (4.19%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1878 (37.08%) Java
2 1171 (23.12%) Ruby
3 1125 (22.21%) SQL
4 908 (17.93%) JavaScript
5 873 (17.24%) Bash Shell
6 829 (16.37%) Perl
7 632 (12.48%) Scala
8 507 (10.01%) C++
9 455 (8.98%) C#
10 436 (8.61%) R
11 327 (6.46%) PHP
12 297 (5.86%) C
13 261 (5.15%) Shell Script
14 220 (4.34%) PowerShell
15 208 (4.11%) Go
16 137 (2.70%) Groovy
17 97 (1.92%) MATLAB
18 69 (1.36%) PL/SQL
19 63 (1.24%) VBA
20 44 (0.87%) Korn
Qualifications
1 404 (7.98%) Degree
2 335 (6.61%) Security Cleared
3 197 (3.89%) SC Cleared
4 101 (1.99%) PhD
5 69 (1.36%) DV Cleared
6 47 (0.93%) Cisco Certification
7 46 (0.91%) ISEB
8 34 (0.67%) ISTQB
9 30 (0.59%) AWS Certification
9 30 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
10 26 (0.51%) CCNP
11 25 (0.49%) RHCE
12 23 (0.45%) CCNA
13 20 (0.39%) CISSP
13 20 (0.39%) RHCSA
14 16 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 16 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
15 13 (0.26%) SANS
16 12 (0.24%) BC Cleared
17 10 (0.20%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 224 (4.42%) QA
2 61 (1.20%) Data Quality
3 29 (0.57%) PCI DSS
4 26 (0.51%) Disclosure Scotland
5 20 (0.39%) MiFID
5 20 (0.39%) SDET
6 11 (0.22%) SLA
7 7 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 6 (0.12%) WCAG
9 3 (0.059%) EMIR
9 3 (0.059%) IAS 39
9 3 (0.059%) IFRS
9 3 (0.059%) IFRS 9
10 2 (0.039%) COBIT
10 2 (0.039%) GPG for Computer-Based Electronic Evidence
10 2 (0.039%) PMO
10 2 (0.039%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.039%) Solvency II
11 1 (0.020%) DO-178B
11 1 (0.020%) HL7
System Software
1 769 (15.18%) Docker
2 164 (3.24%) VMware Infrastructure
3 116 (2.29%) HDFS
4 96 (1.90%) Active Directory
5 70 (1.38%) Virtual Machines
6 57 (1.13%) Apache Flume
7 41 (0.81%) vSphere
8 39 (0.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 33 (0.65%) Xen
10 32 (0.63%) NFS
11 31 (0.61%) Hyper-V
11 31 (0.61%) LXC
12 29 (0.57%) KVM
13 25 (0.49%) VirtualBox
14 21 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
15 17 (0.34%) vCloud
15 17 (0.34%) XenServer
16 16 (0.32%) GlusterFS
16 16 (0.32%) Snort
17 15 (0.30%) Samba
Systems Management
1 986 (19.47%) Puppet
2 891 (17.59%) Ansible
3 648 (12.79%) Opscode Chef
4 241 (4.76%) Terraform
5 224 (4.42%) Kubernetes
6 148 (2.92%) Nagios
7 132 (2.61%) Kibana
7 132 (2.61%) Salt
8 127 (2.51%) logstash
9 81 (1.60%) Hadoop YARN
10 75 (1.48%) Graphite
11 70 (1.38%) Mesos
12 57 (1.13%) Grafana
13 53 (1.05%) ZABBIX
14 48 (0.95%) Oozie
15 45 (0.89%) HAProxy
16 41 (0.81%) SELinux
17 34 (0.67%) Packer
18 28 (0.55%) Rancher
19 25 (0.49%) Cobbler
Vendors
1 487 (9.62%) Oracle
2 329 (6.50%) Red Hat
3 285 (5.63%) VMware
4 239 (4.72%) Google
5 187 (3.69%) Splunk
6 178 (3.51%) Microsoft
7 102 (2.01%) Tableau
8 98 (1.93%) SaltStack
9 96 (1.90%) Cloudera
10 95 (1.88%) Atlassian
11 82 (1.62%) Sybase
12 77 (1.52%) Cisco
13 74 (1.46%) SAP
14 71 (1.40%) Hortonworks
15 63 (1.24%) HP
16 62 (1.22%) IBM
17 44 (0.87%) EMC
18 40 (0.79%) Bloomberg
19 39 (0.77%) Rackspace
20 38 (0.75%) Teradata
City, London
Cititec
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £700 - £750 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Posted: Yesterday
London
Avion Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Lafosse Contractors
Rate: £450 - £550 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
South East London
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: £400 - £460 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Avion Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
South East London
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: Yesterday
Hayes, Middlesex
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £0.00 per annum + market rate
Posted: Yesterday
London
Burns Sheehan
Rate: £450 - £465 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £500.00 - £650.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
LA International
Posted: Yesterday
Oxfordshire
Austin Fraser
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: UKP 400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £600.00 - £650.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Bristol, Avon
CPS Group UK
Rate: £575 - £750 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
ComputAppoint
Posted: 3 days ago
Shipley, West Yorkshire
Global Technology Solutions Ltd
Rate: £372 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
West London
Quant Capital
Rate: Up to £400 per annum 6 months
Posted: Yesterday
Worthing, West Sussex
Experis Ltd
Rate: £500.00 - £540.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Redhill, Surrey
LEXSTRA
Rate: £425 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Linux Recruit
Rate: £525 - £600 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Sheffield, South Yorkshire
Testing Circle Ltd
Rate: £475 - £525 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Telford, Shropshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £480.00 - £520.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Randstad Strategic Accounts
Rate: £23 - £25 per hour
Posted: 2 days ago
Sheffield, South Yorkshire
Affecto Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £400 - £430 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
TEKsystems
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Yoh
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 4 days ago