Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 11 15
Rank change year-on-year -1 +4 +7
Contract jobs citing Python 6,808 3,187 7,047
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 10.23% 12.00% 9.06%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.72% 27.86% 21.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,887 2,305 4,897
10th Percentile £400 £350 £394
25th Percentile £463 £425 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £540
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% -2.78% +2.86%
75th Percentile £650 £650 £625
90th Percentile £725 £750 £710
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £538
% change year-on-year +4.76% -2.33% +2.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 78 59 108
10th Percentile £18.60 £17.66 £21.63
25th Percentile £25.50 £21.85 £39.38
Median hourly rate £42.25 £33.75 £47.00
Median % change year-on-year +25.19% -28.19% +10.59%
75th Percentile £57.50 £43.38 £50.00
90th Percentile £64.13 £53.00 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £32.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +29.23% -27.78% +5.88%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,467 11,439 32,928
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 39.76% 43.07% 42.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,277 8,112 23,367
10th Percentile £363 £313 £325
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year +5.05% +2.51% +2.63%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £575
90th Percentile £713 £694 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £483 £475
% change year-on-year +8.81% +1.58% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 392 223 576
10th Percentile £17.40 £12.63 £18.47
25th Percentile £25.44 £21.25 £34.00
Median hourly rate £45.50 £37.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +21.33% -16.67% +6.51%
75th Percentile £58.75 £47.50 £51.25
90th Percentile £65.54 £55.00 £55.50
UK median hourly rate £45.50 £37.71 £44.51
% change year-on-year +20.65% -15.27% +5.98%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 4,613 £575 +4.55% 1,497
South East -1 522 £500 +8.11% 330
North of England -7 453 £500 +11.11% 298
South West -2 307 £489 +1.66% 211
North West -11 221 £500 +11.11% 177
East of England -1 214 £525 +31.25% 238
Yorkshire -8 213 £500 +16.28% 97
Midlands -12 184 £475 +6.74% 186
West Midlands -11 142 £475 +5.56% 117
East Midlands -21 39 £458 +14.38% 67
North East +1 26 £550 +16.40% 24
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 2,348 (34.49%) AWS
2 2,297 (33.74%) SQL
3 2,089 (30.68%) DevOps
4 2,041 (29.98%) Agile Software Development
5 1,844 (27.09%) Java
6 1,842 (27.06%) Azure
7 1,510 (22.18%) Finance
8 1,368 (20.09%) Linux
9 1,225 (17.99%) Terraform
10 1,187 (17.44%) Social Skills
11 1,184 (17.39%) Analytics
12 1,167 (17.14%) Kubernetes
13 1,153 (16.94%) Docker
14 1,140 (16.75%) JavaScript
15 1,104 (16.22%) Git (software)
16 1,036 (15.22%) Ansible
17 1,035 (15.20%) Jenkins
18 967 (14.20%) Software Engineering
19 867 (12.74%) GCP
20 831 (12.21%) Bash Shell
21 751 (11.03%) Serverless
22 740 (10.87%) Test Automation
23 656 (9.64%) C++
24 649 (9.53%) Data Science
25 633 (9.30%) Infrastructure as Code
26 622 (9.14%) Banking
27 620 (9.11%) C#
28 614 (9.02%) Microservices
29 606 (8.90%) Analytical Skills
30 601 (8.83%) Oracle

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 536 (7.87%) Apache Spark
2 268 (3.94%) Confluence
3 255 (3.75%) Apache
4 202 (2.97%) Apache Airflow
5 139 (2.04%) Elasticsearch
6 135 (1.98%) SAS
7 75 (1.10%) nginx
8 74 (1.09%) Tomcat
9 60 (0.88%) SharePoint
10 55 (0.81%) Jupyter
11 50 (0.73%) OpenStack
12 38 (0.56%) WebSphere
13 35 (0.51%) WebLogic
14 33 (0.48%) BizTalk Server
15 32 (0.47%) Luigi
16 27 (0.40%) IIS
17 25 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
18 21 (0.31%) CMS
19 20 (0.29%) Apache Pig
19 20 (0.29%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 222 (3.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 59 (0.87%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 20 (0.29%) SPSS
5 19 (0.28%) MS Visio
6 12 (0.18%) Stata
7 11 (0.16%) Chatbot
8 10 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
9 9 (0.13%) Blender
9 9 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
10 6 (0.088%) FrameMaker
11 4 (0.059%) Photoshop
11 4 (0.059%) Simulink
12 3 (0.044%) GIMP
12 3 (0.044%) Maya
12 3 (0.044%) SOLIDWORKS
13 1 (0.015%) Houdini
13 1 (0.015%) LaTeX
13 1 (0.015%) MotionBuilder
13 1 (0.015%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 37 (0.54%) SunGard Martini
2 19 (0.28%) Sentinel
3 18 (0.26%) ION MarketView
4 12 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
5 9 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
6 8 (0.12%) Magento
7 7 (0.10%) RMDS
8 6 (0.088%) BusinessWorks
8 6 (0.088%) Relativity
9 5 (0.073%) FINCAD Analytics
9 5 (0.073%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 4 (0.059%) Remedy ITSM
10 4 (0.059%) SAP S/4HANA
10 4 (0.059%) Towers Watson Igloo
11 3 (0.044%) ContrOCC
11 3 (0.044%) Distributed Ledger
11 3 (0.044%) SAP Oil and Gas
11 3 (0.044%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 3 (0.044%) thinkFolio
12 2 (0.029%) Loan IQ
Cloud Services
1 2,348 (34.49%) AWS
2 1,842 (27.06%) Azure
3 867 (12.74%) GCP
4 751 (11.03%) Serverless
5 475 (6.98%) AWS Lambda
6 442 (6.49%) Power Platform
7 440 (6.46%) GitHub
8 369 (5.42%) AWS CloudFormation
9 325 (4.77%) Amazon S3
10 251 (3.69%) Amazon EC2
11 236 (3.47%) PaaS
12 235 (3.45%) Azure Data Factory
13 190 (2.79%) IaaS
14 169 (2.48%) SaaS
15 152 (2.23%) Azure Functions
16 142 (2.09%) Amazon ECS
17 129 (1.89%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 126 (1.85%) Amazon EKS
18 126 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
19 112 (1.65%) Azure Synapse Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 209 (3.07%) Firewall
2 146 (2.14%) DNS
3 135 (1.98%) TCP/IP
4 127 (1.87%) HTTP
5 78 (1.15%) Internet
6 68 (1.00%) WAN
7 59 (0.87%) VPN
8 56 (0.82%) LAN
8 56 (0.82%) Wi-Fi
9 54 (0.79%) BGP
9 54 (0.79%) Network Security
9 54 (0.79%) SSL
10 52 (0.76%) Wireless
11 45 (0.66%) SAN
12 41 (0.60%) Kerberos
13 35 (0.51%) DHCP
14 30 (0.44%) Multicast
15 29 (0.43%) Bluetooth
15 29 (0.43%) MPLS
16 28 (0.41%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 525 (7.71%) Big Data
2 440 (6.46%) Data Warehouse
3 429 (6.30%) Power BI
4 369 (5.42%) PostgreSQL
5 365 (5.36%) Hadoop
6 352 (5.17%) NoSQL
7 351 (5.16%) SQL Server
8 336 (4.94%) Relational Database
9 329 (4.83%) Data Lake
10 283 (4.16%) Tableau
11 239 (3.51%) MongoDB
12 222 (3.26%) MySQL
13 208 (3.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 200 (2.94%) Apache Hive
15 177 (2.60%) BigQuery
16 162 (2.38%) Azure SQL Database
17 157 (2.31%) Amazon Redshift
18 132 (1.94%) Oracle Database
19 127 (1.87%) Amazon RDS
20 119 (1.75%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 1,104 (16.22%) Git (software)
2 1,035 (15.20%) Jenkins
3 511 (7.51%) JIRA
4 306 (4.49%) GitLab
5 216 (3.17%) Bitbucket
6 169 (2.48%) Artifactory
7 166 (2.44%) TeamCity
8 165 (2.42%) Maven
9 162 (2.38%) Subversion
10 127 (1.87%) Selenium
11 123 (1.81%) Sonatype Nexus
12 89 (1.31%) Cucumber
13 84 (1.23%) Visual Studio
14 83 (1.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 65 (0.95%) Gradle
15 65 (0.95%) JUnit
16 62 (0.91%) CircleCI
17 53 (0.78%) SonarQube
18 45 (0.66%) Robot Framework
19 42 (0.62%) Oracle APEX
General
1 1,510 (22.18%) Finance
2 1,187 (17.44%) Social Skills
3 622 (9.14%) Banking
4 606 (8.90%) Analytical Skills
5 434 (6.37%) Front Office
6 334 (4.91%) Public Sector
7 263 (3.86%) Investment Banking
8 164 (2.41%) Presentation Skills
9 123 (1.81%) Retail
10 120 (1.76%) Marketing
11 111 (1.63%) Telecoms
12 102 (1.50%) Financial Institution
13 98 (1.44%) Legal
14 59 (0.87%) Electronics
15 55 (0.81%) Law
15 55 (0.81%) Manufacturing
16 52 (0.76%) Documentation Skills
17 48 (0.71%) Games
18 47 (0.69%) Pharmaceutical
19 46 (0.68%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,106 (30.93%) Developer
2 992 (14.57%) Python Developer
3 877 (12.88%) Data Engineer
4 721 (10.59%) DevOps Engineer
5 511 (7.51%) Python Engineer
6 447 (6.57%) AWS Engineer
7 421 (6.18%) Analyst
8 373 (5.48%) Software Engineer
9 347 (5.10%) Architect
10 308 (4.52%) Azure Engineer
11 257 (3.77%) Cloud Engineer
12 241 (3.54%) Data Scientist
13 219 (3.22%) Data Analyst
14 217 (3.19%) Java Developer
15 208 (3.06%) Senior Developer
16 170 (2.50%) AWS DevOps
17 169 (2.48%) Consultant
18 160 (2.35%) Full Stack Developer
19 151 (2.22%) Python Software Engineer
20 150 (2.20%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 581 (8.53%) React
2 464 (6.82%) Kafka
3 447 (6.57%) Web Services
4 441 (6.48%) .NET
5 413 (6.07%) Node.js
6 406 (5.96%) AngularJS
7 391 (5.74%) REST
8 349 (5.13%) HTML
9 345 (5.07%) Django
10 289 (4.25%) JSON
11 275 (4.04%) CSS
12 265 (3.89%) Flask
13 245 (3.60%) PySpark
14 236 (3.47%) Pandas
15 228 (3.35%) RESTful
16 200 (2.94%) XML
17 194 (2.85%) Spring
18 178 (2.61%) NumPy
19 130 (1.91%) Vue.js
20 126 (1.85%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 272 (4.00%) Algorithms
2 261 (3.83%) Derivative
3 239 (3.51%) Cloud Native
4 219 (3.22%) Fixed Income
5 211 (3.10%) Data Protection Act
6 203 (2.98%) Equities
7 188 (2.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 174 (2.56%) Hedge funds
9 162 (2.38%) Data Structures
10 149 (2.19%) Data Centre
11 146 (2.14%) User Experience
12 139 (2.04%) Public Cloud
13 109 (1.60%) Management Information System
14 100 (1.47%) Linux Command Line
15 96 (1.41%) Self-Motivation
16 95 (1.40%) Greenfield Project
17 73 (1.07%) Market Risk
18 69 (1.01%) Legacy Systems
19 68 (1.00%) Credit Risk
20 63 (0.93%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,368 (20.09%) Linux
2 593 (8.71%) Windows
3 406 (5.96%) Unix
4 167 (2.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 82 (1.20%) Windows Server
6 81 (1.19%) Ubuntu
7 65 (0.95%) CentOS
8 36 (0.53%) Android
9 24 (0.35%) Solaris
10 23 (0.34%) Apple iOS
11 21 (0.31%) Embedded Linux
12 20 (0.29%) VMS
12 20 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
13 16 (0.24%) Debian
14 14 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
14 14 (0.21%) Windows Server 2019
15 11 (0.16%) AIX
16 10 (0.15%) Mac OS X
17 9 (0.13%) Mac OS
17 9 (0.13%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,089 (30.68%) DevOps
2 2,041 (29.98%) Agile Software Development
3 1,184 (17.39%) Analytics
4 967 (14.20%) Software Engineering
5 740 (10.87%) Test Automation
6 649 (9.53%) Data Science
7 633 (9.30%) Infrastructure as Code
8 614 (9.02%) Microservices
9 586 (8.61%) Problem-Solving
10 584 (8.58%) Business Intelligence
11 550 (8.08%) ETL
12 520 (7.64%) Full Stack Development
13 507 (7.45%) Scrum
14 502 (7.37%) Data Modelling
15 496 (7.29%) Continuous Integration
16 492 (7.23%) Visualisation
17 481 (7.07%) Machine Learning
18 475 (6.98%) Data Engineering
19 436 (6.40%) Computer Science
20 407 (5.98%) Data Pipeline
Programming Languages
1 2,297 (33.74%) SQL
2 1,844 (27.09%) Java
3 1,140 (16.75%) JavaScript
4 831 (12.21%) Bash Shell
5 656 (9.64%) C++
6 620 (9.11%) C#
7 539 (7.92%) Scala
8 523 (7.68%) PowerShell
9 411 (6.04%) R
10 388 (5.70%) Go
11 309 (4.54%) TypeScript
12 304 (4.47%) Perl
13 296 (4.35%) Ruby
14 237 (3.48%) C
15 225 (3.30%) Shell Script
16 213 (3.13%) Groovy
17 162 (2.38%) PL/SQL
18 146 (2.14%) PHP
19 145 (2.13%) VBA
20 139 (2.04%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 557 (8.18%) Degree
2 505 (7.42%) Security Cleared
3 373 (5.48%) SC Cleared
4 160 (2.35%) Computer Science Degree
5 86 (1.26%) AWS Certification
6 66 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
6 66 (0.97%) Cisco Certification
7 62 (0.91%) DV Cleared
8 55 (0.81%) PhD
9 47 (0.69%) CISSP
10 46 (0.68%) Master's Degree
11 44 (0.65%) Numerate Degree
12 39 (0.57%) CCNP
13 30 (0.44%) RHCE
14 29 (0.43%) CCNA
15 21 (0.31%) CCIE
16 20 (0.29%) DBS Check
17 18 (0.26%) CISM
18 13 (0.19%) ISTQB
19 12 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 220 (3.23%) QA
2 193 (2.83%) Data Quality
3 96 (1.41%) GDPR
4 64 (0.94%) Accessibility
5 29 (0.43%) NCSC
6 25 (0.37%) SLA
7 24 (0.35%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 17 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
9 15 (0.22%) GRC
9 15 (0.22%) IFRS
10 13 (0.19%) WCAG
11 9 (0.13%) MiFID
11 9 (0.13%) PMO
12 8 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 6 (0.088%) EMIR
13 6 (0.088%) JTAG
14 5 (0.073%) HL7
14 5 (0.073%) NIST
14 5 (0.073%) SNOMED CT
15 4 (0.059%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 1,153 (16.94%) Docker
2 156 (2.29%) VMware Infrastructure
3 146 (2.14%) Active Directory
4 90 (1.32%) HDFS
5 48 (0.71%) Virtual Machines
6 43 (0.63%) vSphere
7 30 (0.44%) VMware ESXi
8 29 (0.43%) Firmware
8 29 (0.43%) NFS
9 28 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 22 (0.32%) VMware NSX
11 13 (0.19%) Hyper-V
11 13 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
12 12 (0.18%) KVM
13 11 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
14 10 (0.15%) VirtualBox
15 9 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
16 8 (0.12%) Varnish
17 7 (0.10%) BitLocker
17 7 (0.10%) iptables
Systems Management
1 1,225 (17.99%) Terraform
2 1,167 (17.14%) Kubernetes
3 1,036 (15.22%) Ansible
4 363 (5.33%) Puppet
5 198 (2.91%) Opscode Chef
6 152 (2.23%) Grafana
7 140 (2.06%) Prometheus
8 70 (1.03%) Kibana
9 69 (1.01%) Istio
10 67 (0.98%) BladeLogic
11 60 (0.88%) Packer
12 59 (0.87%) Docker Swarm
13 57 (0.84%) Rancher
14 49 (0.72%) Nagios
15 33 (0.48%) ITRS Geneos
16 32 (0.47%) logstash
17 31 (0.46%) Control-M
18 27 (0.40%) Salt
18 27 (0.40%) ZABBIX
19 25 (0.37%) Oozie
Vendors
1 601 (8.83%) Oracle
2 427 (6.27%) Google
3 406 (5.96%) Microsoft
4 385 (5.66%) Databricks
5 231 (3.39%) VMware
6 167 (2.45%) Splunk
7 164 (2.41%) Red Hat
8 106 (1.56%) Informatica
9 97 (1.42%) Cisco
10 95 (1.40%) Cloudera
11 77 (1.13%) MuleSoft
12 75 (1.10%) Salesforce.com
12 75 (1.10%) SAP
13 71 (1.04%) Atlassian
14 70 (1.03%) IBM
15 56 (0.82%) Alteryx
16 53 (0.78%) HP
17 51 (0.75%) Teradata
18 48 (0.71%) ServiceNow
19 45 (0.66%) New Relic