Period
to 26 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 26 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
26 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 11 14 19
Rank change year-on-year +3 +5 +6
Contract jobs citing Python 4,148 5,509 7,155
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 10.83% 8.96% 7.88%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.90% 21.77% 17.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,750 3,962 5,057
Median daily rate £520 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.95% - -
10th Percentile £363 £375 £369
90th Percentile £700 £700 £688
UK median daily rate £510 £525 £525
% change year-on-year -2.86% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 96 100 98
Median hourly rate £34.15 £44.76 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.71% -0.54% +12.50%
10th Percentile £20.88 £18.21 £24.23
90th Percentile £54.38 £52.55 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £34.54 £44.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -21.50% -2.22% +12.50%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,016 25,303 40,141
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.82% 41.14% 44.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,282 17,957 28,788
Median daily rate £488 £488 £485
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +0.52% +2.11%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £480 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +1.05% - +3.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 377 456 580
Median hourly rate £42.50 £44.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.41% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £16.09 £16.50 £17.50
90th Percentile £59.25 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.25 £42.50
% change year-on-year -1.73% +1.76% +6.25%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 26 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 26 February 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 26 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 2,808 £550 - 1,124
North of England +18 338 £450 -10.00% 308
South East -5 271 £450 -5.26% 300
South West +7 246 £500 -4.76% 170
North West +16 174 £450 -14.29% 170
Yorkshire +22 156 £450 -7.69% 103
East of England +4 137 £450 - 200
Midlands +13 122 £415 -12.63% 179
West Midlands +1 81 £400 -20.00% 113
East Midlands +20 36 £425 +8.28% 65
North East -17 9 £525 +20.34% 35
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 26 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,519 (36.62%) AWS
2 1,414 (34.09%) Agile Software Development
3 1,220 (29.41%) DevOps
4 1,159 (27.94%) Java
5 1,112 (26.81%) SQL
6 1,093 (26.35%) Azure
7 1,045 (25.19%) Finance
8 836 (20.15%) Linux
9 831 (20.03%) JavaScript
9 831 (20.03%) Kubernetes
10 801 (19.31%) Docker
11 763 (18.39%) Software Engineering
12 713 (17.19%) Terraform
13 649 (15.65%) Jenkins
14 570 (13.74%) Git (software)
15 560 (13.50%) Ansible
16 528 (12.73%) Analytics
17 512 (12.34%) React
18 507 (12.22%) GCP
19 505 (12.17%) Web Services
20 486 (11.72%) Serverless
21 465 (11.21%) Microservices
22 455 (10.97%) Front Office
23 446 (10.75%) Security Cleared
24 435 (10.49%) Test Automation
25 419 (10.10%) Bash Shell
26 400 (9.64%) Data Science
27 390 (9.40%) Asset Management
28 384 (9.26%) Node.js
29 376 (9.06%) Banking

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 329 (7.93%) Apache Spark
2 240 (5.79%) Apache
3 173 (4.17%) Confluence
4 134 (3.23%) Elasticsearch
5 80 (1.93%) Apache Airflow
6 55 (1.33%) SAS
7 46 (1.11%) Cloud Foundry
7 46 (1.11%) Jupyter
8 42 (1.01%) SharePoint
9 38 (0.92%) nginx
10 34 (0.82%) BizTalk Server
10 34 (0.82%) Tomcat
11 24 (0.58%) ArcGIS
12 21 (0.51%) JBoss
13 20 (0.48%) WebSphere
14 19 (0.46%) CMS
15 18 (0.43%) OpenStack
16 17 (0.41%) IIS
17 16 (0.39%) Mule
17 16 (0.39%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 60 (1.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 26 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 9 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
5 7 (0.17%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.14%) SPSS
7 3 (0.072%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.072%) Simulink
7 3 (0.072%) Stata
8 2 (0.048%) Maya
8 2 (0.048%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.048%) Windchill
9 1 (0.024%) Abaqus
9 1 (0.024%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.024%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.024%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.024%) CINEMA 4D
9 1 (0.024%) Doxygen
9 1 (0.024%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.024%) Revit
Business Applications
1 17 (0.41%) Markit EDM
2 16 (0.39%) Eagle PACE
3 7 (0.17%) Magento
4 5 (0.12%) ION MarketView
4 5 (0.12%) SAP CRM
4 5 (0.12%) SunGard Martini
5 4 (0.096%) ContrOCC
5 4 (0.096%) FINCAD Analytics
5 4 (0.096%) Sentinel
5 4 (0.096%) Shopify
6 3 (0.072%) Dynamics AX
6 3 (0.072%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.048%) Fredhopper
7 2 (0.048%) OpenText Process Suite
7 2 (0.048%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.048%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.048%) Sonata
7 2 (0.048%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 2 (0.048%) StreamServe
7 2 (0.048%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 1,519 (36.62%) AWS
2 1,093 (26.35%) Azure
3 507 (12.22%) GCP
4 486 (11.72%) Serverless
5 344 (8.29%) AWS Lambda
6 222 (5.35%) GitHub
7 221 (5.33%) Amazon S3
8 179 (4.32%) Amazon EC2
9 164 (3.95%) Power Platform
10 156 (3.76%) AWS CloudFormation
11 123 (2.97%) PaaS
12 102 (2.46%) Amazon EKS
13 101 (2.43%) Amazon ECS
14 83 (2.00%) IaaS
15 77 (1.86%) SaaS
16 72 (1.74%) Azure Data Factory
17 66 (1.59%) Azure Functions
18 65 (1.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 65 (1.57%) Cloud Computing
19 62 (1.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 130 (3.13%) Firewall
2 99 (2.39%) TCP/IP
3 84 (2.03%) DNS
4 78 (1.88%) HTTP
5 45 (1.08%) VPN
6 42 (1.01%) DHCP
7 40 (0.96%) Network Security
8 39 (0.94%) SSL
9 37 (0.89%) Wi-Fi
9 37 (0.89%) Wireless
10 36 (0.87%) Internet
11 34 (0.82%) MPLS
11 34 (0.82%) WAN
12 32 (0.77%) BGP
13 30 (0.72%) OSPF
14 29 (0.70%) VLAN
15 28 (0.68%) IPv6
15 28 (0.68%) SSH
16 27 (0.65%) Wireshark
17 26 (0.63%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 313 (7.55%) Big Data
2 228 (5.50%) PostgreSQL
3 222 (5.35%) SQL Server
4 217 (5.23%) Data Warehouse
5 208 (5.01%) Hadoop
6 168 (4.05%) Relational Database
7 167 (4.03%) NoSQL
8 161 (3.88%) MySQL
9 157 (3.78%) Power BI
10 149 (3.59%) Tableau
11 146 (3.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 124 (2.99%) Data Lake
13 121 (2.92%) Apache Hive
14 120 (2.89%) Amazon RDS
15 113 (2.72%) MongoDB
16 90 (2.17%) Amazon Redshift
17 82 (1.98%) BigQuery
18 78 (1.88%) Azure SQL Database
19 66 (1.59%) Apache Ignite
20 55 (1.33%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 649 (15.65%) Jenkins
2 570 (13.74%) Git (software)
3 344 (8.29%) JIRA
4 262 (6.32%) GitLab
5 125 (3.01%) Maven
6 97 (2.34%) Selenium
7 90 (2.17%) Bitbucket
8 88 (2.12%) Artifactory
9 84 (2.03%) Sonatype Nexus
10 76 (1.83%) TeamCity
11 68 (1.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 66 (1.59%) SonarQube
13 59 (1.42%) JUnit
14 56 (1.35%) Visual Studio
15 52 (1.25%) Gradle
16 50 (1.21%) Cucumber
17 48 (1.16%) CircleCI
18 40 (0.96%) Subversion
19 33 (0.80%) Cypress.io
20 32 (0.77%) IntelliJ
General
1 1,045 (25.19%) Finance
2 455 (10.97%) Front Office
3 376 (9.06%) Banking
4 205 (4.94%) Public Sector
5 132 (3.18%) Investment Banking
6 119 (2.87%) Marketing
7 109 (2.63%) Telecoms
8 68 (1.64%) Retail
9 60 (1.45%) Manufacturing
10 58 (1.40%) Electronics
11 52 (1.25%) Back Office
12 42 (1.01%) Games
13 40 (0.96%) Law
14 36 (0.87%) Pharmaceutical
15 26 (0.63%) Financial Institution
16 19 (0.46%) Advertising
17 18 (0.43%) Publishing
18 13 (0.31%) Legal
18 13 (0.31%) Local Government
18 13 (0.31%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,501 (36.19%) Developer
2 604 (14.56%) Python Developer
3 469 (11.31%) DevOps Engineer
4 428 (10.32%) Data Engineer
5 361 (8.70%) Software Engineer
6 360 (8.68%) Python Engineer
7 286 (6.89%) Analyst
8 283 (6.82%) AWS Engineer
9 216 (5.21%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 203 (4.89%) React Developer
11 150 (3.62%) Data Scientist
12 147 (3.54%) Senior Developer
13 144 (3.47%) AWS DevOps
14 140 (3.38%) Architect
15 137 (3.30%) JavaScript Developer
16 136 (3.28%) Java Developer
17 135 (3.25%) Cloud Engineer
18 130 (3.13%) AWS Developer
19 126 (3.04%) Python Software Engineer
20 125 (3.01%) Azure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 512 (12.34%) React
2 505 (12.17%) Web Services
3 384 (9.26%) Node.js
4 309 (7.45%) AngularJS
5 306 (7.38%) .NET
6 267 (6.44%) Kafka
7 218 (5.26%) REST
8 184 (4.44%) HTML
9 170 (4.10%) Django
10 166 (4.00%) RESTful
11 144 (3.47%) NumPy
12 142 (3.42%) CSS
13 139 (3.35%) Vue.js
14 127 (3.06%) JSON
15 123 (2.97%) Spring
16 120 (2.89%) Pandas
17 119 (2.87%) Elastic Stack
17 119 (2.87%) Flask
18 113 (2.72%) PySpark
19 96 (2.31%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 290 (6.99%) Analytical Skills
2 283 (6.82%) Derivative
3 282 (6.80%) Equities
4 233 (5.62%) Fixed Income
5 211 (5.09%) Hedge funds
6 192 (4.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 152 (3.66%) Cloud Native
8 148 (3.57%) Algorithms
9 138 (3.33%) User Experience
10 96 (2.31%) Data Structures
11 94 (2.27%) Greenfield Project
12 89 (2.15%) Public Cloud
13 81 (1.95%) Blog
14 77 (1.86%) Mobile App
15 75 (1.81%) Data Centre
16 65 (1.57%) Linux Command Line
17 54 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
18 48 (1.16%) Equity Derivative
19 46 (1.11%) Management Information System
20 40 (0.96%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 836 (20.15%) Linux
2 301 (7.26%) Windows
3 220 (5.30%) Unix
4 123 (2.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 70 (1.69%) CentOS
6 53 (1.28%) Windows Server
7 49 (1.18%) Android
8 41 (0.99%) Apple iOS
9 27 (0.65%) Ubuntu
10 20 (0.48%) Windows Server 2016
11 16 (0.39%) Windows 10
12 15 (0.36%) OpenWrt
13 14 (0.34%) Solaris
14 13 (0.31%) Mac OS
14 13 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
15 12 (0.29%) Debian
16 9 (0.22%) SUSE
17 7 (0.17%) Mac OS X
18 6 (0.14%) VMS
18 6 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,414 (34.09%) Agile Software Development
2 1,220 (29.41%) DevOps
3 763 (18.39%) Software Engineering
4 528 (12.73%) Analytics
5 465 (11.21%) Microservices
6 435 (10.49%) Test Automation
7 400 (9.64%) Data Science
8 390 (9.40%) Asset Management
9 356 (8.58%) Machine Learning
10 327 (7.88%) Scrum
11 315 (7.59%) TDD
12 309 (7.45%) Infrastructure as Code
13 293 (7.06%) Business Intelligence
13 293 (7.06%) Continuous Integration
14 274 (6.61%) ETL
14 274 (6.61%) Investment Management
15 258 (6.22%) Open Source
16 257 (6.20%) Problem-Solving
17 246 (5.93%) Data Modelling
18 232 (5.59%) Data Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,159 (27.94%) Java
2 1,112 (26.81%) SQL
3 831 (20.03%) JavaScript
4 419 (10.10%) Bash Shell
5 371 (8.94%) C++
6 363 (8.75%) C#
7 302 (7.28%) PowerShell
8 286 (6.89%) Scala
9 281 (6.77%) R
10 242 (5.83%) Go
11 220 (5.30%) Perl
12 213 (5.14%) Kotlin
13 192 (4.63%) TypeScript
14 188 (4.53%) Shell Script
15 186 (4.48%) Ruby
16 185 (4.46%) C
17 89 (2.15%) PL/SQL
18 86 (2.07%) PHP
19 61 (1.47%) Java 8
20 59 (1.42%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 446 (10.75%) Security Cleared
2 335 (8.08%) SC Cleared
3 307 (7.40%) Degree
4 80 (1.93%) DV Cleared
5 71 (1.71%) PhD
6 68 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
7 55 (1.33%) AWS Certification
8 49 (1.18%) Cisco Certification
9 36 (0.87%) CCNP
10 33 (0.80%) BPSS Clearance
11 28 (0.68%) Master's Degree
12 25 (0.60%) CCNA
12 25 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
13 17 (0.41%) CCIE
14 11 (0.27%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 9 (0.22%) CompTIA Security+
15 9 (0.22%) DBS Check
15 9 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
16 8 (0.19%) GCFA
16 8 (0.19%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 147 (3.54%) QA
2 81 (1.95%) Data Quality
3 18 (0.43%) GDPR
4 16 (0.39%) SLA
5 14 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 12 (0.29%) NIST
7 10 (0.24%) JTAG
7 10 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 9 (0.22%) PCI DSS
9 7 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 17025
10 6 (0.14%) MiFID
11 4 (0.096%) Disclosure Scotland
11 4 (0.096%) IFRS
11 4 (0.096%) IFRS 9
11 4 (0.096%) PMO
12 3 (0.072%) HIPAA
12 3 (0.072%) ISO 26262
12 3 (0.072%) NCSC
12 3 (0.072%) RMADS
12 3 (0.072%) WCAG
System Software
1 801 (19.31%) Docker
2 75 (1.81%) VMware Infrastructure
3 67 (1.62%) Active Directory
4 46 (1.11%) HDFS
5 44 (1.06%) Virtual Machines
6 27 (0.65%) vSphere
7 18 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 15 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
9 14 (0.34%) GlusterFS
10 13 (0.31%) NFS
10 13 (0.31%) VMware NSX
11 8 (0.19%) GridGain
12 7 (0.17%) Firmware
12 7 (0.17%) Hyper-V
12 7 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
12 7 (0.17%) Varnish
13 6 (0.14%) Apache Flume
13 6 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
14 5 (0.12%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
14 5 (0.12%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 831 (20.03%) Kubernetes
2 713 (17.19%) Terraform
3 560 (13.50%) Ansible
4 233 (5.62%) Puppet
5 180 (4.34%) Opscode Chef
6 121 (2.92%) Prometheus
7 88 (2.12%) Grafana
8 75 (1.81%) Kibana
9 47 (1.13%) Consul
10 46 (1.11%) Packer
11 45 (1.08%) Istio
12 36 (0.87%) logstash
13 34 (0.82%) Rancher
14 33 (0.80%) Salt
15 24 (0.58%) Fluentd
16 19 (0.46%) Hadoop YARN
17 18 (0.43%) Oozie
18 17 (0.41%) Control-M
19 16 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
20 15 (0.36%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 246 (5.93%) Microsoft
2 242 (5.83%) Oracle
3 224 (5.40%) Google
4 182 (4.39%) Splunk
5 134 (3.23%) Databricks
6 125 (3.01%) Red Hat
7 108 (2.60%) VMware
8 83 (2.00%) AppDynamics
9 78 (1.88%) Cisco
10 75 (1.81%) Atlassian
11 73 (1.76%) SAP
12 67 (1.62%) Bloomberg
13 60 (1.45%) MuleSoft
14 45 (1.08%) Cloudera
15 42 (1.01%) IBM
16 37 (0.89%) Alteryx
17 36 (0.87%) F5
18 31 (0.75%) Hortonworks
19 28 (0.68%) Dynatrace
20 26 (0.63%) ServiceNow