Period
to 10 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 10 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
10 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 13 16 16
Rank change year-on-year +3 0 +9
Contract jobs citing Python 4,619 4,249 6,976
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 10.44% 9.13% 8.21%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.48% 22.30% 18.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,373 3,027 4,749
10th Percentile £369 £381 £375
25th Percentile £450 £450 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £530
Median % change year-on-year - -0.94% +0.95%
75th Percentile £638 £631 £625
90th Percentile £700 £711 £698
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 71 73 113
10th Percentile £21.00 £18.25 £20.45
25th Percentile £25.73 £21.00 £33.00
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year -5.88% -5.56% +9.76%
75th Percentile £50.25 £47.83 £50.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £55.80 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -5.88% -5.56% +12.50%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 18,131 19,055 36,732
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 40.99% 40.93% 43.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,933 13,570 26,132
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
25th Percentile £406 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £669 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £485 £475
% change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 369 323 572
10th Percentile £18.25 £17.22 £18.00
25th Percentile £25.00 £21.57 £31.25
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £44.00
Median % change year-on-year -1.16% -2.27% +10.00%
75th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £57.90 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £43.00
% change year-on-year - -1.16% +7.50%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in England.

Hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 10 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 3,117 £550 - 1,070
South East -8 331 £475 - 320
South West +6 309 £500 -4.76% 168
North of England 0 290 £450 -14.29% 293
North West +10 168 £450 -14.29% 158
East of England +3 128 £480 +6.67% 204
Midlands +1 122 £400 -20.00% 163
Yorkshire +2 118 £463 -11.90% 100
West Midlands -15 86 £400 -20.99% 109
East Midlands +30 31 £403 -4.73% 53
North East -14 5 £548 +9.50% 35
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 10 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,581 (34.23%) AWS
2 1,548 (33.51%) Agile Software Development
3 1,397 (30.24%) SQL
4 1,351 (29.25%) DevOps
5 1,274 (27.58%) Azure
6 1,208 (26.15%) Java
7 1,119 (24.23%) Finance
8 872 (18.88%) Linux
9 848 (18.36%) JavaScript
10 842 (18.23%) Kubernetes
11 826 (17.88%) Docker
12 784 (16.97%) Social Skills
13 776 (16.80%) Software Engineering
14 749 (16.22%) Terraform
15 698 (15.11%) Git (software)
16 694 (15.02%) Analytics
17 659 (14.27%) Jenkins
18 618 (13.38%) Ansible
19 604 (13.08%) GCP
20 539 (11.67%) Test Automation
21 501 (10.85%) Serverless
21 501 (10.85%) Data Science
22 466 (10.09%) Microservices
22 466 (10.09%) React
23 455 (9.85%) Security Cleared
24 446 (9.66%) Web Services
25 425 (9.20%) Machine Learning
26 420 (9.09%) Front Office
27 414 (8.96%) Degree
28 405 (8.77%) Banking

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 371 (8.03%) Apache Spark
2 218 (4.72%) Confluence
3 208 (4.50%) Apache
4 101 (2.19%) Apache Airflow
5 96 (2.08%) Elasticsearch
6 76 (1.65%) SAS
7 60 (1.30%) SharePoint
8 58 (1.26%) nginx
9 56 (1.21%) Jupyter
10 43 (0.93%) BizTalk Server
11 33 (0.71%) Oracle Coherence
12 31 (0.67%) Tomcat
13 29 (0.63%) WebSphere
14 26 (0.56%) CMS
15 25 (0.54%) IIS
15 25 (0.54%) OpenStack
16 24 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
17 23 (0.50%) ArcGIS
18 22 (0.48%) WebSphere Application Server
19 17 (0.37%) JBoss
Applications
1 81 (1.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 37 (0.80%) Microsoft Office
3 23 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.24%) Chatbot
5 10 (0.22%) Stata
6 9 (0.19%) SPSS
7 8 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.11%) Maya
9 4 (0.087%) MS Visio
9 4 (0.087%) Simulink
10 2 (0.043%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 2 (0.043%) AutoCAD
10 2 (0.043%) CINEMA 4D
10 2 (0.043%) Doxygen
10 2 (0.043%) Houdini
10 2 (0.043%) ZBrush
11 1 (0.022%) Final Cut Pro
11 1 (0.022%) MotionBuilder
11 1 (0.022%) Revit
11 1 (0.022%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 15 (0.32%) ION MarketView
2 12 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
3 11 (0.24%) Magento
3 11 (0.24%) Markit EDM
4 10 (0.22%) Eagle PACE
4 10 (0.22%) SunGard Martini
5 7 (0.15%) Shopify
6 5 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
6 5 (0.11%) Sentinel
7 4 (0.087%) Maximo
7 4 (0.087%) RMDS
7 4 (0.087%) SAP CRM
8 3 (0.065%) Remedy ITSM
8 3 (0.065%) SAP Hybris
8 3 (0.065%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 3 (0.065%) Towers Watson Igloo
9 2 (0.043%) IntelliMatch
9 2 (0.043%) R3 Corda
9 2 (0.043%) SAP HCM
9 2 (0.043%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 1,581 (34.23%) AWS
2 1,274 (27.58%) Azure
3 604 (13.08%) GCP
4 501 (10.85%) Serverless
5 326 (7.06%) AWS Lambda
6 240 (5.20%) GitHub
7 223 (4.83%) Power Platform
8 216 (4.68%) Amazon S3
9 156 (3.38%) AWS CloudFormation
10 146 (3.16%) Amazon EC2
11 137 (2.97%) PaaS
12 111 (2.40%) Azure Data Factory
13 104 (2.25%) SaaS
14 99 (2.14%) Azure Functions
15 98 (2.12%) Amazon EKS
16 95 (2.06%) IaaS
17 87 (1.88%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 75 (1.62%) OpenShift
19 68 (1.47%) Azure Logic Apps
20 63 (1.36%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 124 (2.68%) Firewall
2 92 (1.99%) HTTP
3 84 (1.82%) DNS
4 73 (1.58%) TCP/IP
5 51 (1.10%) Network Security
6 42 (0.91%) Wi-Fi
7 39 (0.84%) Internet
8 37 (0.80%) Wireless
9 36 (0.78%) VPN
10 34 (0.74%) SSL
11 28 (0.61%) Wireshark
12 26 (0.56%) Multicast
13 25 (0.54%) WAN
14 23 (0.50%) LAN
14 23 (0.50%) OSPF
14 23 (0.50%) SAN
15 22 (0.48%) BGP
15 22 (0.48%) MPLS
16 20 (0.43%) Radio Access Network
16 20 (0.43%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 343 (7.43%) Big Data
2 259 (5.61%) Data Warehouse
3 251 (5.43%) Hadoop
4 247 (5.35%) PostgreSQL
5 244 (5.28%) SQL Server
6 224 (4.85%) Relational Database
7 212 (4.59%) NoSQL
8 210 (4.55%) Power BI
9 186 (4.03%) Tableau
10 177 (3.83%) MongoDB
11 150 (3.25%) Data Lake
12 136 (2.94%) MySQL
13 124 (2.68%) Apache Hive
14 121 (2.62%) BigQuery
15 112 (2.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 112 (2.42%) Amazon RDS
16 111 (2.40%) Amazon Redshift
17 103 (2.23%) Azure SQL Database
18 76 (1.65%) Data Mining
19 71 (1.54%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 698 (15.11%) Git (software)
2 659 (14.27%) Jenkins
3 385 (8.34%) JIRA
4 226 (4.89%) GitLab
5 142 (3.07%) Maven
6 120 (2.60%) Bitbucket
7 119 (2.58%) TeamCity
8 97 (2.10%) Selenium
9 83 (1.80%) Visual Studio
10 81 (1.75%) Artifactory
11 79 (1.71%) Sonatype Nexus
12 71 (1.54%) Gradle
13 67 (1.45%) SonarQube
14 58 (1.26%) Cucumber
15 57 (1.23%) CircleCI
15 57 (1.23%) JUnit
16 55 (1.19%) Subversion
17 53 (1.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 47 (1.02%) Visual Studio Team System
19 29 (0.63%) JMeter
General
1 1,119 (24.23%) Finance
2 784 (16.97%) Social Skills
3 420 (9.09%) Front Office
4 405 (8.77%) Banking
5 369 (7.99%) Analytical Skills
6 225 (4.87%) Public Sector
7 156 (3.38%) Marketing
8 152 (3.29%) Investment Banking
9 145 (3.14%) Telecoms
10 90 (1.95%) Presentation Skills
11 83 (1.80%) Retail
12 70 (1.52%) Manufacturing
13 68 (1.47%) Electronics
14 51 (1.10%) Back Office
15 36 (0.78%) Games
15 36 (0.78%) Influencing Skills
16 34 (0.74%) Law
17 31 (0.67%) Pharmaceutical
18 28 (0.61%) Organisational Skills
19 26 (0.56%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,583 (34.27%) Developer
2 657 (14.22%) Python Developer
3 503 (10.89%) DevOps Engineer
4 497 (10.76%) Data Engineer
5 364 (7.88%) Analyst
6 321 (6.95%) Python Engineer
7 277 (6.00%) Software Engineer
8 271 (5.87%) AWS Engineer
9 224 (4.85%) Data Scientist
10 206 (4.46%) React Developer
11 177 (3.83%) Architect
12 170 (3.68%) Data Analyst
13 165 (3.57%) Azure Engineer
14 155 (3.36%) Cloud Engineer
15 153 (3.31%) Java Developer
16 134 (2.90%) AWS DevOps
17 133 (2.88%) Senior Developer
18 122 (2.64%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 118 (2.55%) Consultant
20 109 (2.36%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 466 (10.09%) React
2 446 (9.66%) Web Services
3 371 (8.03%) .NET
4 353 (7.64%) Node.js
5 318 (6.88%) Kafka
6 264 (5.72%) AngularJS
7 225 (4.87%) Django
8 199 (4.31%) HTML
9 183 (3.96%) REST
10 177 (3.83%) RESTful
11 161 (3.49%) PySpark
12 159 (3.44%) NumPy
13 158 (3.42%) CSS
14 157 (3.40%) JSON
15 152 (3.29%) Flask
16 138 (2.99%) Pandas
17 127 (2.75%) Spring
18 119 (2.58%) XML
19 98 (2.12%) React Native
19 98 (2.12%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 215 (4.65%) Derivative
2 214 (4.63%) Equities
3 177 (3.83%) Cloud Native
4 170 (3.68%) Algorithms
5 161 (3.49%) Fixed Income
6 149 (3.23%) Hedge funds
7 140 (3.03%) User Experience
8 135 (2.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 120 (2.60%) Data Structures
10 101 (2.19%) Greenfield Project
11 83 (1.80%) Public Cloud
12 79 (1.71%) Data Centre
13 74 (1.60%) Self-Motivation
14 69 (1.49%) Management Information System
15 60 (1.30%) Linux Command Line
16 59 (1.28%) Equity Derivative
17 58 (1.26%) Mobile App
18 53 (1.15%) Credit Risk
19 46 (1.00%) Blog
20 40 (0.87%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 872 (18.88%) Linux
2 350 (7.58%) Windows
3 272 (5.89%) Unix
4 138 (2.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 70 (1.52%) CentOS
6 57 (1.23%) Windows Server
7 45 (0.97%) Android
8 34 (0.74%) Ubuntu
9 24 (0.52%) Apple iOS
10 20 (0.43%) Solaris
11 18 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
12 17 (0.37%) Windows Server 2016
13 16 (0.35%) OpenWrt
14 13 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
15 12 (0.26%) AIX
15 12 (0.26%) Mac OS
15 12 (0.26%) Mac OS X
15 12 (0.26%) Windows Server 2019
16 9 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
17 8 (0.17%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,548 (33.51%) Agile Software Development
2 1,351 (29.25%) DevOps
3 776 (16.80%) Software Engineering
4 694 (15.02%) Analytics
5 539 (11.67%) Test Automation
6 501 (10.85%) Data Science
7 466 (10.09%) Microservices
8 425 (9.20%) Machine Learning
9 390 (8.44%) Scrum
10 373 (8.08%) Business Intelligence
11 362 (7.84%) ETL
12 340 (7.36%) Continuous Integration
12 340 (7.36%) TDD
13 339 (7.34%) Problem-Solving
14 331 (7.17%) Infrastructure as Code
15 324 (7.01%) Data Engineering
15 324 (7.01%) Visualisation
16 311 (6.73%) Data Pipeline
17 296 (6.41%) Data Modelling
18 295 (6.39%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 1,397 (30.24%) SQL
2 1,208 (26.15%) Java
3 848 (18.36%) JavaScript
4 405 (8.77%) C#
5 399 (8.64%) Bash Shell
6 368 (7.97%) C++
7 343 (7.43%) PowerShell
8 324 (7.01%) Scala
9 317 (6.86%) R
10 274 (5.93%) TypeScript
11 259 (5.61%) Go
12 207 (4.48%) Ruby
13 200 (4.33%) Shell Script
14 172 (3.72%) Kotlin
15 169 (3.66%) Perl
16 167 (3.62%) C
17 124 (2.68%) PL/SQL
18 99 (2.14%) T-SQL
19 90 (1.95%) Groovy
20 86 (1.86%) PHP
Qualifications
1 455 (9.85%) Security Cleared
2 414 (8.96%) Degree
3 363 (7.86%) SC Cleared
4 89 (1.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 85 (1.84%) DV Cleared
6 78 (1.69%) PhD
7 55 (1.19%) Cisco Certification
8 52 (1.13%) AWS Certification
9 33 (0.71%) Master's Degree
10 32 (0.69%) CCNP
11 30 (0.65%) CCNA
12 29 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
13 22 (0.48%) Numerate Degree
14 16 (0.35%) CCIE
14 16 (0.35%) RHCE
15 14 (0.30%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 13 (0.28%) GIAC
17 10 (0.22%) CISSP
17 10 (0.22%) DBS Check
17 10 (0.22%) GCIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 166 (3.59%) QA
2 116 (2.51%) Data Quality
3 30 (0.65%) GDPR
4 23 (0.50%) SLA
5 11 (0.24%) MiFID
5 11 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 10 (0.22%) JTAG
7 9 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
8 5 (0.11%) IFRS
8 5 (0.11%) IFRS 9
9 4 (0.087%) HIPAA
9 4 (0.087%) ISO/IEC 17025
9 4 (0.087%) WCAG
10 3 (0.065%) EMIR
10 3 (0.065%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 3 (0.065%) NCSC
10 3 (0.065%) NIST
10 3 (0.065%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.065%) PMO
11 2 (0.043%) GRC
System Software
1 826 (17.88%) Docker
2 84 (1.82%) VMware Infrastructure
3 71 (1.54%) Active Directory
4 57 (1.23%) HDFS
5 50 (1.08%) Virtual Machines
6 28 (0.61%) VMware ESXi
7 23 (0.50%) vSphere
8 16 (0.35%) Platform Symphony
9 14 (0.30%) Hyper-V
10 13 (0.28%) Apache Flume
11 12 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 12 (0.26%) NFS
12 11 (0.24%) BitLocker
12 11 (0.24%) Firmware
12 11 (0.24%) GridGain
13 9 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
13 9 (0.19%) Varnish
13 9 (0.19%) VMware NSX
14 7 (0.15%) Postfix
14 7 (0.15%) qmail
Systems Management
1 842 (18.23%) Kubernetes
2 749 (16.22%) Terraform
3 618 (13.38%) Ansible
4 247 (5.35%) Puppet
5 196 (4.24%) Opscode Chef
6 93 (2.01%) Prometheus
7 78 (1.69%) Grafana
8 62 (1.34%) Istio
8 62 (1.34%) Kibana
9 39 (0.84%) Consul
10 37 (0.80%) Packer
10 37 (0.80%) Rancher
11 29 (0.63%) Docker Swarm
11 29 (0.63%) logstash
12 27 (0.58%) Oozie
12 27 (0.58%) Salt
13 21 (0.45%) Fluentd
14 19 (0.41%) Control-M
14 19 (0.41%) Hadoop YARN
14 19 (0.41%) Nagios
Vendors
1 400 (8.66%) Oracle
2 304 (6.58%) Microsoft
3 265 (5.74%) Google
4 201 (4.35%) Databricks
5 156 (3.38%) Splunk
6 155 (3.36%) Red Hat
7 123 (2.66%) VMware
8 97 (2.10%) SAP
9 85 (1.84%) IBM
10 84 (1.82%) Cisco
11 64 (1.39%) MuleSoft
12 53 (1.15%) AppDynamics
13 50 (1.08%) Cloudera
14 46 (1.00%) Salesforce.com
15 45 (0.97%) Informatica
16 40 (0.87%) Bloomberg
17 38 (0.82%) Alteryx
18 35 (0.76%) Atlassian
19 34 (0.74%) New Relic
19 34 (0.74%) ServiceNow