Period
to 11 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 11 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
11 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 20 26 34
Rank change year-on-year +6 +8 +22
Contract jobs citing Python 7,190 6,238 4,858
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 7.46% 6.56% 5.09%
As % of the Programming Languages category 16.56% 15.54% 12.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,911 4,582 3,313
England median daily rate £525 £520 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.96% +9.47% +2.70%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £335
90th Percentile £688 £675 £625
UK median daily rate £525 £513 £475
% change year-on-year +2.44% +7.89% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 108 142 71
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -3.85%
10th Percentile £25.92 £25.03 £18.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.80 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -3.85%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,421 40,154 38,665
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 45.03% 42.25% 40.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,922 28,434 26,760
England median daily rate £475 £463 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +3.03%
10th Percentile £323 £310 £288
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 621 735 796
England median hourly rate £42.19 £40.00 £38.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.48% +2.89% +3.67%
10th Percentile £17.00 £16.30 £14.56
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.40 £51.89
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £39.23
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.98% +4.60%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 11 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 4,646 £550 - 1,441
South East +13 858 £450 -5.26% 367
North of England +3 709 £485 +2.11% 255
South West +12 375 £480 +19.85% 219
North West +5 338 £500 - 125
Midlands +19 305 £450 -5.26% 115
Yorkshire -2 291 £460 -8.00% 95
East of England -6 276 £431 +1.47% 302
West Midlands -10 155 £475 - 71
East Midlands +39 144 £450 -8.86% 44
North East +15 84 £500 -6.54% 35
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 11 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 2,433 (33.84%) DevOps
2 2,378 (33.07%) Agile Software Development
3 2,366 (32.91%) Linux
4 2,279 (31.70%) Amazon AWS
5 2,216 (30.82%) Java
6 1,769 (24.60%) SQL
7 1,726 (24.01%) Docker
8 1,665 (23.16%) Jenkins
9 1,553 (21.60%) Ansible
10 1,350 (18.78%) Finance
11 1,301 (18.09%) Git (software)
12 1,158 (16.11%) Bash Shell
13 1,118 (15.55%) Puppet
14 1,114 (15.49%) JavaScript
15 1,065 (14.81%) Kubernetes
16 1,055 (14.67%) Terraform
17 1,021 (14.20%) Continuous Integration
18 1,016 (14.13%) Test Automation
19 950 (13.21%) Ruby
20 907 (12.61%) Big Data
21 893 (12.42%) Unix
22 883 (12.28%) Analytics
22 883 (12.28%) Hadoop
23 845 (11.75%) Perl
24 837 (11.64%) Opscode Chef
25 814 (11.32%) Microsoft Azure
26 794 (11.04%) Windows
27 789 (10.97%) Data Science
28 786 (10.93%) TDD
29 778 (10.82%) Open Source

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 725 (10.08%) Apache Spark
2 462 (6.43%) Elasticsearch
3 380 (5.29%) Apache
4 301 (4.19%) nginx
5 242 (3.37%) Confluence
6 204 (2.84%) Tomcat
7 148 (2.06%) SAS
8 141 (1.96%) Cloud Foundry
9 133 (1.85%) OpenStack
10 88 (1.22%) IIS
11 82 (1.14%) Apache Solr
12 64 (0.89%) WebSphere
13 62 (0.86%) JBoss
14 56 (0.78%) WebLogic
15 55 (0.76%) Apache Airflow
16 54 (0.75%) Jupyter
17 46 (0.64%) SharePoint
18 42 (0.58%) Apache Pig
19 33 (0.46%) CMS
20 29 (0.40%) Gunicorn
Applications
1 204 (2.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 56 (0.78%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 53 (0.74%) MS Visio
4 40 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
5 38 (0.53%) Microsoft Project
6 31 (0.43%) Chatbot
7 16 (0.22%) SPSS
8 11 (0.15%) Simulink
9 9 (0.13%) Photoshop
10 8 (0.11%) Maya
11 7 (0.097%) Spreadsheet
12 4 (0.056%) HipChat
12 4 (0.056%) Houdini
12 4 (0.056%) NUKE
13 3 (0.042%) 3ds Max
13 3 (0.042%) Adobe Illustrator
13 3 (0.042%) GNU Octave
14 2 (0.028%) Autodesk Smoke
14 2 (0.028%) Doxygen
14 2 (0.028%) InVision
Business Applications
1 17 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 14 (0.19%) ION MarketView
4 10 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
5 8 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
5 8 (0.11%) Unica
6 6 (0.083%) Magento
7 4 (0.056%) Distributed Ledger
8 3 (0.042%) Dynamics AX
8 3 (0.042%) Sentinel
9 2 (0.028%) Endur
9 2 (0.028%) Markit EDM
9 2 (0.028%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.028%) Odoo
9 2 (0.028%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.028%) Payment Gateway
9 2 (0.028%) PolarLake
9 2 (0.028%) R3 Corda
9 2 (0.028%) Remedy ITSM
9 2 (0.028%) ReMetrica
Cloud Services
1 2,279 (31.70%) Amazon AWS
2 814 (11.32%) Microsoft Azure
3 483 (6.72%) Google Cloud Platform
4 365 (5.08%) Amazon S3
5 347 (4.83%) Amazon EC2
6 345 (4.80%) Serverless
7 332 (4.62%) GitHub
8 326 (4.53%) AWS CloudFormation
9 277 (3.85%) AWS Lambda
10 226 (3.14%) PaaS
11 221 (3.07%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 164 (2.28%) Amazon EMR
13 156 (2.17%) OpenShift
14 131 (1.82%) IaaS
15 125 (1.74%) Cloud Computing
16 115 (1.60%) SaaS
17 87 (1.21%) npm
18 75 (1.04%) Route 53
19 73 (1.02%) Amazon ELB
19 73 (1.02%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 280 (3.89%) HTTP
2 257 (3.57%) Firewall
3 223 (3.10%) TCP/IP
4 197 (2.74%) SSL
5 151 (2.10%) DNS
6 139 (1.93%) Internet
7 85 (1.18%) LAN
8 82 (1.14%) Wireless
9 81 (1.13%) VPN
10 71 (0.99%) DHCP
11 70 (0.97%) WAN
12 58 (0.81%) BGP
13 51 (0.71%) MPLS
14 47 (0.65%) OSPF
14 47 (0.65%) SNMP
15 46 (0.64%) Network Security
16 44 (0.61%) VLAN
17 42 (0.58%) Kerberos
18 41 (0.57%) Wi-Fi
19 39 (0.54%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 907 (12.61%) Big Data
2 883 (12.28%) Hadoop
3 608 (8.46%) PostgreSQL
4 583 (8.11%) NoSQL
5 552 (7.68%) MongoDB
6 456 (6.34%) MySQL
7 453 (6.30%) Relational Database
8 408 (5.67%) SQL Server
9 384 (5.34%) Apache Hive
10 294 (4.09%) Apache Cassandra
11 242 (3.37%) Data Warehouse
12 182 (2.53%) HBase
13 179 (2.49%) Amazon Redshift
14 155 (2.16%) Power BI
15 153 (2.13%) Redis
16 150 (2.09%) RDBMS
17 147 (2.04%) Impala
18 131 (1.82%) Data Lake
19 122 (1.70%) Amazon RDS
20 108 (1.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,665 (23.16%) Jenkins
2 1,301 (18.09%) Git (software)
3 568 (7.90%) JIRA
4 412 (5.73%) Selenium
5 335 (4.66%) Maven
6 253 (3.52%) Subversion
7 229 (3.18%) TeamCity
8 220 (3.06%) Cucumber
9 196 (2.73%) GitLab
10 182 (2.53%) Bitbucket
11 179 (2.49%) Sonatype Nexus
12 176 (2.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 151 (2.10%) Gatling
14 147 (2.04%) Artifactory
15 146 (2.03%) Gradle
16 125 (1.74%) gulp
17 118 (1.64%) Ant
18 117 (1.63%) Visual Studio Team System
19 104 (1.45%) JUnit
20 103 (1.43%) SonarQube
General
1 1,350 (18.78%) Finance
2 664 (9.24%) Banking
3 325 (4.52%) Front Office
4 268 (3.73%) Retail
5 163 (2.27%) Telecoms
6 146 (2.03%) Investment Banking
7 127 (1.77%) Marketing
8 76 (1.06%) Financial Institution
9 69 (0.96%) Games
9 69 (0.96%) Legal
10 66 (0.92%) Publishing
11 57 (0.79%) Advertising
12 48 (0.67%) Electronics
13 46 (0.64%) Manufacturing
14 38 (0.53%) Law
15 33 (0.46%) Back Office
16 23 (0.32%) Automotive
17 21 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
18 17 (0.24%) Aerospace
19 16 (0.22%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,354 (32.74%) Developer
2 1,457 (20.26%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,029 (14.31%) Python Developer
4 554 (7.71%) AWS Engineer
5 502 (6.98%) Data Engineer
6 431 (5.99%) Python Engineer
7 418 (5.81%) AWS DevOps
8 387 (5.38%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 375 (5.22%) Architect
10 330 (4.59%) Data Scientist
11 314 (4.37%) Software Engineer
12 291 (4.05%) Analyst
13 267 (3.71%) Java Developer
14 244 (3.39%) Senior Developer
15 220 (3.06%) Cloud Engineer
16 193 (2.68%) Big Data Engineer
17 179 (2.49%) Consultant
18 159 (2.21%) Senior DevOps
19 156 (2.17%) Java Engineer
20 154 (2.14%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 606 (8.43%) Node.js
2 540 (7.51%) Web Services
3 532 (7.40%) HTML
4 470 (6.54%) Django
5 462 (6.43%) Kafka
6 427 (5.94%) CSS
7 381 (5.30%) React
8 353 (4.91%) AngularJS
8 353 (4.91%) REST
9 299 (4.16%) Elastic Stack
10 290 (4.03%) .NET
11 283 (3.94%) JSON
12 264 (3.67%) XML
13 258 (3.59%) RESTful
14 252 (3.50%) NumPy
15 238 (3.31%) Pandas
16 235 (3.27%) Flask
17 207 (2.88%) HTML5
18 204 (2.84%) Spring
19 147 (2.04%) PySpark
Miscellaneous
1 610 (8.48%) Analytical Skills
2 405 (5.63%) Algorithms
3 299 (4.16%) Greenfield Project
4 192 (2.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 188 (2.61%) Derivative
6 169 (2.35%) Linux Command Line
7 168 (2.34%) Data Structures
8 165 (2.29%) Data Centre
9 155 (2.16%) Mobile App
10 144 (2.00%) Self-Motivation
11 141 (1.96%) Public Cloud
12 138 (1.92%) Fintech
13 134 (1.86%) User Experience
14 131 (1.82%) Fixed Income
15 96 (1.34%) Enterprise Software
16 83 (1.15%) Hedge funds
17 69 (0.96%) Equities
17 69 (0.96%) Management Information System
18 63 (0.88%) Cloud Native
19 61 (0.85%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 2,366 (32.91%) Linux
2 893 (12.42%) Unix
3 794 (11.04%) Windows
4 387 (5.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 222 (3.09%) CentOS
6 197 (2.74%) Ubuntu
7 136 (1.89%) Android
8 105 (1.46%) Windows Server
9 102 (1.42%) Apple iOS
10 46 (0.64%) Solaris
11 41 (0.57%) Debian
12 38 (0.53%) Mac OS X
13 27 (0.38%) CoreOS
14 25 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
15 23 (0.32%) Embedded Linux
16 20 (0.28%) Fedora
17 17 (0.24%) Kali Linux
18 16 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
19 13 (0.18%) Windows 7
20 11 (0.15%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,433 (33.84%) DevOps
2 2,378 (33.07%) Agile Software Development
3 1,021 (14.20%) Continuous Integration
4 1,016 (14.13%) Test Automation
5 883 (12.28%) Analytics
6 789 (10.97%) Data Science
7 786 (10.93%) TDD
8 778 (10.82%) Open Source
9 720 (10.01%) Configuration Management
10 702 (9.76%) Software Engineering
11 674 (9.37%) Microservices
12 672 (9.35%) Scrum
13 602 (8.37%) Machine Learning
14 527 (7.33%) Problem-Solving
15 480 (6.68%) Computer Science
16 476 (6.62%) ETL
17 439 (6.11%) OO
18 403 (5.61%) Migration
19 378 (5.26%) BDD
20 372 (5.17%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,216 (30.82%) Java
2 1,769 (24.60%) SQL
3 1,158 (16.11%) Bash Shell
4 1,114 (15.49%) JavaScript
5 950 (13.21%) Ruby
6 845 (11.75%) Perl
7 762 (10.60%) C++
8 727 (10.11%) C#
9 608 (8.46%) Scala
10 505 (7.02%) R
11 458 (6.37%) PowerShell
12 457 (6.36%) Go
13 410 (5.70%) Shell Script
14 389 (5.41%) C
15 261 (3.63%) PHP
16 246 (3.42%) Groovy
17 138 (1.92%) MATLAB
18 110 (1.53%) ES6
19 108 (1.50%) VBA
20 100 (1.39%) Korn
Qualifications
1 540 (7.51%) Degree
2 517 (7.19%) Security Cleared
3 392 (5.45%) SC Cleared
4 197 (2.74%) Computer Science Degree
5 154 (2.14%) PhD
6 137 (1.91%) AWS Certification
7 101 (1.40%) Master's Degree
8 99 (1.38%) DV Cleared
9 67 (0.93%) Cisco Certification
10 57 (0.79%) BPSS Clearance
11 43 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
12 42 (0.58%) RHCE
13 38 (0.53%) CCNP
14 35 (0.49%) CCNA
15 28 (0.39%) CISSP
16 25 (0.35%) ISTQB
17 19 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
18 18 (0.25%) SANS
19 17 (0.24%) CCIE
20 15 (0.21%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 229 (3.18%) QA
2 71 (0.99%) Data Quality
3 53 (0.74%) GDPR
4 22 (0.31%) HMG Infosec
4 22 (0.31%) HMG Security Policy Framework
4 22 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 22 (0.31%) JSP 440
5 20 (0.28%) SLA
6 18 (0.25%) PCI DSS
7 16 (0.22%) MISRA
8 11 (0.15%) MISRA C
9 9 (0.13%) PMO
10 8 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 8 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 7 (0.097%) HIPAA
11 7 (0.097%) MiFID
12 6 (0.083%) EMIR
12 6 (0.083%) IFRS
12 6 (0.083%) IFRS 9
13 5 (0.070%) ARP4754
System Software
1 1,726 (24.01%) Docker
2 147 (2.04%) VMware Infrastructure
3 123 (1.71%) HDFS
4 116 (1.61%) Active Directory
5 98 (1.36%) Virtual Machines
6 87 (1.21%) Apache Flume
7 46 (0.64%) NFS
8 44 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 42 (0.58%) KVM
10 41 (0.57%) Hyper-V
11 40 (0.56%) Firmware
12 37 (0.51%) VirtualBox
13 36 (0.50%) Xen
14 28 (0.39%) vSphere
15 24 (0.33%) VMware ESXi
16 17 (0.24%) etcd
17 15 (0.21%) flannel
18 13 (0.18%) Samba
19 12 (0.17%) LXC
19 12 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,553 (21.60%) Ansible
2 1,118 (15.55%) Puppet
3 1,065 (14.81%) Kubernetes
4 1,055 (14.67%) Terraform
5 837 (11.64%) Opscode Chef
6 196 (2.73%) Packer
7 184 (2.56%) Kibana
8 181 (2.52%) Grafana
9 169 (2.35%) Nagios
10 164 (2.28%) Prometheus
11 123 (1.71%) Salt
12 120 (1.67%) ZABBIX
13 119 (1.66%) Hadoop YARN
14 109 (1.52%) logstash
15 97 (1.35%) Mesos
16 76 (1.06%) Docker Swarm
16 76 (1.06%) Rancher
17 60 (0.83%) Consul
18 52 (0.72%) Oozie
19 50 (0.70%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 585 (8.14%) Oracle
2 473 (6.58%) Google
3 424 (5.90%) Splunk
4 416 (5.79%) Microsoft
5 387 (5.38%) Red Hat
6 225 (3.13%) Tableau
7 217 (3.02%) VMware
8 197 (2.74%) Cloudera
9 143 (1.99%) Cisco
10 113 (1.57%) Atlassian
11 104 (1.45%) Hortonworks
11 104 (1.45%) New Relic
12 103 (1.43%) IBM
13 83 (1.15%) ServiceNow
14 75 (1.04%) SaltStack
15 72 (1.00%) Alteryx
16 70 (0.97%) Informatica
17 68 (0.95%) Adobe
18 58 (0.81%) Teradata
19 57 (0.79%) SAP