Period
to 14 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 14 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
14 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 14 20 27
Rank change year-on-year +6 +7 +8
Contract jobs citing Python 6,342 7,230 6,217
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 8.79% 7.53% 6.54%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.19% 16.70% 15.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,312 4,928 4,556
England median daily rate £530 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.95% - +10.53%
10th Percentile £385 £363 £363
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £513
% change year-on-year - +2.44% +7.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 101 108 142
England median hourly rate £45.00 £43.13 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.35% +7.81% +6.67%
10th Percentile £18.50 £29.87 £25.03
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.50 £52.45
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.71% +6.25% +6.67%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 29,930 43,297 40,170
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.47% 45.11% 42.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,833 30,828 28,460
England median daily rate £488 £475 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +2.15% +9.41%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £310
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 583 631 728
England median hourly rate £43.50 £42.19 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.11% +5.48% +2.56%
10th Percentile £16.80 £17.50 £16.34
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £52.33
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +1.27%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 14 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 14 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 14 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 4,086 £550 - 1,293
South East +10 784 £475 +5.56% 392
North of England +3 532 £495 +1.28% 270
South West +7 420 £505 +5.21% 229
East of England +26 311 £500 +17.65% 308
Yorkshire +10 249 £500 +8.70% 109
North West -3 230 £485 -3.00% 132
Midlands -5 175 £469 -1.32% 152
West Midlands +12 123 £494 -1.15% 97
North East -1 53 £450 -10.00% 29
East Midlands -21 52 £438 -2.78% 55
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 14 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 2,293 (36.16%) Agile Software Development
2 2,114 (33.33%) AWS
3 1,926 (30.37%) Java
4 1,868 (29.45%) DevOps
5 1,632 (25.73%) SQL
6 1,597 (25.18%) Linux
7 1,334 (21.03%) Docker
8 1,234 (19.46%) Finance
9 1,209 (19.06%) Azure
10 1,055 (16.64%) Kubernetes
11 1,017 (16.04%) JavaScript
12 982 (15.48%) Jenkins
13 980 (15.45%) Git (software)
14 961 (15.15%) Ansible
15 887 (13.99%) Software Engineering
16 846 (13.34%) Terraform
17 839 (13.23%) Data Science
18 811 (12.79%) GCP
19 803 (12.66%) Analytics
20 755 (11.90%) Bash Shell
21 717 (11.31%) Continuous Integration
22 716 (11.29%) C++
23 704 (11.10%) Machine Learning
24 669 (10.55%) Microservices
25 659 (10.39%) Security Cleared
26 654 (10.31%) Big Data
27 625 (9.85%) C#
28 617 (9.73%) Google
29 614 (9.68%) Apache Spark
30 610 (9.62%) Ruby

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 614 (9.68%) Apache Spark
2 247 (3.89%) Apache
3 226 (3.56%) Elasticsearch
4 209 (3.30%) Confluence
5 118 (1.86%) nginx
6 99 (1.56%) SAS
7 90 (1.42%) Jupyter
7 90 (1.42%) Tomcat
8 82 (1.29%) Apache Airflow
9 79 (1.25%) OpenStack
10 65 (1.02%) JBoss
11 55 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
12 46 (0.73%) WebLogic
13 43 (0.68%) SharePoint
14 34 (0.54%) ArcGIS
15 29 (0.46%) IIS
16 22 (0.35%) GeoServer
17 19 (0.30%) WebSphere
18 17 (0.27%) Luigi
18 17 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 131 (2.07%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (0.44%) SPSS
3 23 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 8 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
6 5 (0.079%) Chatbot
6 5 (0.079%) Photoshop
6 5 (0.079%) Stata
7 4 (0.063%) InDesign
7 4 (0.063%) MS Visio
7 4 (0.063%) Weka
8 3 (0.047%) GNU Octave
9 2 (0.032%) Sketch
10 1 (0.016%) 3ds Max
10 1 (0.016%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.016%) Blender
10 1 (0.016%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.016%) MODO
10 1 (0.016%) Simulink
10 1 (0.016%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 31 (0.49%) FINCAD Analytics
2 27 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
3 11 (0.17%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 10 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
4 10 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
5 8 (0.13%) Sonata
6 7 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 6 (0.095%) Distributed Ledger
7 6 (0.095%) Oracle Financials
7 6 (0.095%) Unit4 Business World
8 5 (0.079%) Eikon
8 5 (0.079%) Magento
9 4 (0.063%) Markit EDM
9 4 (0.063%) Oracle BPM
9 4 (0.063%) PolarLake
9 4 (0.063%) SAP ERP
10 3 (0.047%) CA PPM
10 3 (0.047%) NetSuite
10 3 (0.047%) Payment Gateway
10 3 (0.047%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 2,114 (33.33%) AWS
2 1,209 (19.06%) Azure
3 811 (12.79%) GCP
4 488 (7.69%) Serverless
5 393 (6.20%) Amazon S3
6 362 (5.71%) AWS Lambda
7 321 (5.06%) GitHub
8 304 (4.79%) AWS CloudFormation
9 254 (4.01%) Power Platform
10 241 (3.80%) Amazon EC2
11 180 (2.84%) OpenShift
12 166 (2.62%) PaaS
13 135 (2.13%) Amazon SQS
14 126 (1.99%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 125 (1.97%) IaaS
16 121 (1.91%) Azure Data Factory
17 120 (1.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 107 (1.69%) Amazon ECS
19 103 (1.62%) Amazon Kinesis
20 92 (1.45%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 160 (2.52%) Firewall
2 141 (2.22%) HTTP
3 126 (1.99%) TCP/IP
4 121 (1.91%) DNS
5 94 (1.48%) VPN
6 76 (1.20%) Internet
7 70 (1.10%) WAN
8 62 (0.98%) SSL
9 53 (0.84%) BGP
10 49 (0.77%) DHCP
10 49 (0.77%) LAN
11 41 (0.65%) OSPF
12 39 (0.61%) Wireless
13 38 (0.60%) Network Security
13 38 (0.60%) SNMP
14 36 (0.57%) Wi-Fi
15 31 (0.49%) HTTPS
16 29 (0.46%) Intrusion Detection
16 29 (0.46%) SSH
17 28 (0.44%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 654 (10.31%) Big Data
2 574 (9.05%) Hadoop
3 465 (7.33%) PostgreSQL
4 415 (6.54%) NoSQL
5 346 (5.46%) MongoDB
6 331 (5.22%) MySQL
7 317 (5.00%) SQL Server
8 293 (4.62%) Relational Database
9 290 (4.57%) Data Warehouse
10 239 (3.77%) Amazon Redshift
11 238 (3.75%) Power BI
12 206 (3.25%) Amazon RDS
13 203 (3.20%) Data Lake
14 185 (2.92%) Apache Hive
15 163 (2.57%) Apache Cassandra
16 159 (2.51%) BigQuery
17 155 (2.44%) Amazon Athena
18 151 (2.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 108 (1.70%) RDBMS
19 108 (1.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 982 (15.48%) Jenkins
2 980 (15.45%) Git (software)
3 475 (7.49%) JIRA
4 180 (2.84%) GitLab
5 152 (2.40%) Selenium
6 147 (2.32%) Maven
7 138 (2.18%) TeamCity
8 117 (1.84%) Subversion
9 116 (1.83%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 109 (1.72%) Sonatype Nexus
11 104 (1.64%) Artifactory
12 101 (1.59%) Bitbucket
13 99 (1.56%) Cucumber
14 78 (1.23%) SonarQube
15 77 (1.21%) Visual Studio Team System
16 71 (1.12%) CircleCI
17 66 (1.04%) RStudio
18 50 (0.79%) Gradle
19 48 (0.76%) Ant
19 48 (0.76%) Visual Studio
General
1 1,234 (19.46%) Finance
2 474 (7.47%) Banking
3 459 (7.24%) Front Office
4 218 (3.44%) Public Sector
5 157 (2.48%) Investment Banking
6 131 (2.07%) Marketing
7 130 (2.05%) Telecoms
8 126 (1.99%) Retail
9 77 (1.21%) Financial Institution
10 72 (1.14%) Games
10 72 (1.14%) Manufacturing
11 60 (0.95%) Electronics
12 58 (0.91%) Legal
13 50 (0.79%) Law
14 42 (0.66%) Publishing
15 41 (0.65%) Advertising
16 26 (0.41%) Retail Banking
17 24 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
18 22 (0.35%) Aerospace
19 15 (0.24%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,155 (33.98%) Developer
2 1,090 (17.19%) Python Developer
3 910 (14.35%) DevOps Engineer
4 620 (9.78%) Data Engineer
5 485 (7.65%) Python Engineer
6 416 (6.56%) AWS Engineer
7 378 (5.96%) Data Scientist
7 378 (5.96%) Software Engineer
8 329 (5.19%) Analyst
9 308 (4.86%) Architect
10 295 (4.65%) Senior Developer
11 257 (4.05%) Java Developer
12 238 (3.75%) Cloud Engineer
13 213 (3.36%) AWS DevOps
14 198 (3.12%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 187 (2.95%) AWS Developer
16 165 (2.60%) Azure Engineer
17 148 (2.33%) Senior Python Developer
18 146 (2.30%) Consultant
19 136 (2.14%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 577 (9.10%) Web Services
2 528 (8.33%) Node.js
3 407 (6.42%) React
4 384 (6.05%) Kafka
5 371 (5.85%) Django
6 367 (5.79%) AngularJS
7 352 (5.55%) .NET
8 335 (5.28%) HTML
9 296 (4.67%) REST
10 267 (4.21%) CSS
11 263 (4.15%) Pandas
12 234 (3.69%) Flask
13 219 (3.45%) JSON
14 214 (3.37%) PySpark
15 207 (3.26%) NumPy
16 162 (2.55%) RESTful
16 162 (2.55%) Spring
17 146 (2.30%) J2EE
18 142 (2.24%) Natural Language Processing
19 135 (2.13%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 450 (7.10%) Analytical Skills
2 324 (5.11%) Greenfield Project
3 304 (4.79%) Algorithms
4 262 (4.13%) Fixed Income
5 249 (3.93%) Derivative
6 165 (2.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 163 (2.57%) Public Cloud
8 138 (2.18%) User Experience
9 131 (2.07%) Equities
10 119 (1.88%) Data Centre
11 109 (1.72%) Data Structures
11 109 (1.72%) Hedge funds
11 109 (1.72%) Linux Command Line
12 95 (1.50%) Self-Motivation
13 91 (1.43%) Enterprise Software
14 77 (1.21%) Mobile App
15 75 (1.18%) Blog
16 63 (0.99%) Management Information System
17 61 (0.96%) Cloud Native
18 56 (0.88%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 1,597 (25.18%) Linux
2 491 (7.74%) Windows
3 450 (7.10%) Unix
4 271 (4.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 153 (2.41%) CentOS
6 123 (1.94%) Ubuntu
7 106 (1.67%) Windows Server
8 80 (1.26%) Android
9 73 (1.15%) Apple iOS
10 55 (0.87%) Mac OS X
11 33 (0.52%) VMS
12 32 (0.50%) Debian
12 32 (0.50%) Mac OS
13 29 (0.46%) Embedded Linux
14 24 (0.38%) CoreOS
14 24 (0.38%) Solaris
15 17 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
16 15 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
17 13 (0.20%) openSUSE
18 12 (0.19%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,293 (36.16%) Agile Software Development
2 1,868 (29.45%) DevOps
3 887 (13.99%) Software Engineering
4 839 (13.23%) Data Science
5 803 (12.66%) Analytics
6 717 (11.31%) Continuous Integration
7 704 (11.10%) Machine Learning
8 669 (10.55%) Microservices
9 607 (9.57%) Test Automation
10 577 (9.10%) Scrum
11 558 (8.80%) TDD
12 475 (7.49%) ETL
13 474 (7.47%) Configuration Management
14 443 (6.99%) Open Source
15 424 (6.69%) Computer Science
16 414 (6.53%) Problem-Solving
17 410 (6.46%) Business Intelligence
17 410 (6.46%) Visualisation
18 370 (5.83%) Migration
19 343 (5.41%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 1,926 (30.37%) Java
2 1,632 (25.73%) SQL
3 1,017 (16.04%) JavaScript
4 755 (11.90%) Bash Shell
5 716 (11.29%) C++
6 625 (9.85%) C#
7 610 (9.62%) Ruby
8 550 (8.67%) R
9 477 (7.52%) Scala
10 427 (6.73%) Perl
11 411 (6.48%) PowerShell
12 362 (5.71%) Go
13 296 (4.67%) C
14 273 (4.30%) Shell Script
15 256 (4.04%) PHP
16 161 (2.54%) Groovy
17 84 (1.32%) VBA
18 66 (1.04%) T-SQL
19 64 (1.01%) TypeScript
20 62 (0.98%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 659 (10.39%) Security Cleared
2 460 (7.25%) SC Cleared
3 435 (6.86%) Degree
4 165 (2.60%) PhD
5 146 (2.30%) DV Cleared
6 112 (1.77%) Computer Science Degree
7 102 (1.61%) AWS Certification
8 90 (1.42%) Cisco Certification
9 61 (0.96%) Master's Degree
10 58 (0.91%) CCNP
11 53 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
12 50 (0.79%) Numerate Degree
13 37 (0.58%) RHCE
14 36 (0.57%) CCIE
15 34 (0.54%) CCNA
15 34 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
16 33 (0.52%) DBS Check
17 24 (0.38%) MCSA
18 23 (0.36%) CISSP
19 17 (0.27%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 175 (2.76%) QA
2 73 (1.15%) Data Quality
3 37 (0.58%) NIST
4 33 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 28 (0.44%) GDPR
6 23 (0.36%) PCI DSS
7 18 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
7 18 (0.28%) SLA
8 14 (0.22%) COBIT
9 12 (0.19%) JTAG
9 12 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 11 (0.17%) MiFID
11 10 (0.16%) NCSC
12 9 (0.14%) EMIR
13 8 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 7 (0.11%) GxP
15 5 (0.079%) HIPAA
16 4 (0.063%) DO-254
16 4 (0.063%) HMG Infosec
16 4 (0.063%) JSP 440
System Software
1 1,334 (21.03%) Docker
2 123 (1.94%) VMware Infrastructure
3 80 (1.26%) HDFS
4 79 (1.25%) Virtual Machines
5 68 (1.07%) Active Directory
6 53 (0.84%) Hyper-V
7 27 (0.43%) Firmware
8 23 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
8 23 (0.36%) vSphere
9 20 (0.32%) VirtualBox
9 20 (0.32%) VMware NSX
10 19 (0.30%) KVM
11 18 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 10 (0.16%) Apache Flume
13 9 (0.14%) NFS
14 8 (0.13%) oVirt
14 8 (0.13%) Xen
15 7 (0.11%) Snort
16 5 (0.079%) Veritas Cluster Server
16 5 (0.079%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 1,055 (16.64%) Kubernetes
2 961 (15.15%) Ansible
3 846 (13.34%) Terraform
4 561 (8.85%) Puppet
5 432 (6.81%) Opscode Chef
6 100 (1.58%) Salt
7 92 (1.45%) Grafana
8 88 (1.39%) Packer
9 81 (1.28%) Prometheus
10 54 (0.85%) Hadoop YARN
11 53 (0.84%) Docker Swarm
12 52 (0.82%) Kibana
13 51 (0.80%) Nagios
14 46 (0.73%) Consul
15 38 (0.60%) logstash
16 37 (0.58%) Rancher
17 31 (0.49%) HAProxy
18 28 (0.44%) Istio
19 26 (0.41%) ZABBIX
20 24 (0.38%) Suricata
Vendors
1 617 (9.73%) Google
2 437 (6.89%) Microsoft
3 419 (6.61%) Oracle
4 247 (3.89%) Tableau
5 217 (3.42%) Red Hat
6 196 (3.09%) Splunk
7 173 (2.73%) VMware
8 135 (2.13%) Cisco
9 132 (2.08%) Databricks
10 107 (1.69%) Cloudera
11 98 (1.55%) Atlassian
12 88 (1.39%) IBM
13 74 (1.17%) SAP
14 73 (1.15%) Hortonworks
15 68 (1.07%) Salesforce.com
16 62 (0.98%) Bloomberg
17 58 (0.91%) Informatica
18 57 (0.90%) Alteryx
19 55 (0.87%) ServiceNow
20 45 (0.71%) Juniper