Period
to 19 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 19 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 15 24 30
Rank change year-on-year +9 +6 +15
Contract jobs citing Python 6,977 6,643 5,236
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 8.42% 7.30% 6.24%
As % of the Programming Languages category 19.60% 16.73% 15.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,709 4,589 3,697
England median daily rate £538 £525 £496
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +5.81% +4.45%
10th Percentile £388 £369 £335
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £488
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +3.72%
Number of hourly rates quoted 125 132 110
England median hourly rate £45.00 £41.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.43% +1.22% +7.89%
10th Percentile £20.00 £12.50 £28.19
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.50 £50.13
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £41.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +9.76% - +7.89%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 35,592 39,711 34,845
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.94% 43.62% 41.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,884 27,879 24,032
England median daily rate £482 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.37% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £438
% change year-on-year +3.18% +5.22% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 626 713 758
England median hourly rate £43.00 £41.50 £41.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.61% +0.61% +7.14%
10th Percentile £18.74 £17.52 £17.68
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.50 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £42.87 £41.00 £41.13
% change year-on-year +4.55% -0.30% +8.22%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 19 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 4,570 £550 - 769
South East +4 774 £475 - 161
North of England +10 756 £495 +10.00% 104
South West +15 384 £525 +10.53% 96
Yorkshire +5 361 £500 +11.11% 37
North West +12 332 £500 +8.11% 54
East of England -1 247 £475 +10.47% 200
Midlands -12 213 £475 - 46
West Midlands -19 133 £475 -5.00% 33
East Midlands +7 80 £413 -8.33% 13
North East +5 60 £463 +23.33% 13
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 19 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 2,613 (37.45%) Agile Software Development
2 2,562 (36.72%) Amazon AWS
3 2,337 (33.50%) DevOps
4 2,302 (32.99%) Java
5 1,957 (28.05%) Linux
6 1,865 (26.73%) SQL
7 1,615 (23.15%) Docker
8 1,440 (20.64%) Jenkins
9 1,379 (19.76%) Finance
10 1,261 (18.07%) Git (software)
11 1,259 (18.05%) Ansible
12 1,243 (17.82%) Microsoft Azure
13 1,175 (16.84%) Kubernetes
14 1,090 (15.62%) JavaScript
15 1,033 (14.81%) Big Data
16 1,024 (14.68%) Terraform
17 1,017 (14.58%) Bash Shell
18 978 (14.02%) Data Science
19 908 (13.01%) Apache Spark
20 893 (12.80%) Analytics
21 872 (12.50%) Continuous Integration
22 867 (12.43%) Test Automation
23 827 (11.85%) Google Cloud Platform
24 809 (11.60%) Ruby
25 802 (11.49%) Hadoop
26 793 (11.37%) Machine Learning
27 781 (11.19%) Software Engineering
28 746 (10.69%) Puppet
29 714 (10.23%) TDD
30 685 (9.82%) Open Source

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 908 (13.01%) Apache Spark
2 396 (5.68%) Apache
3 299 (4.29%) Elasticsearch
4 233 (3.34%) Confluence
5 225 (3.22%) nginx
6 153 (2.19%) Apache Airflow
7 134 (1.92%) Tomcat
8 117 (1.68%) SAS
9 112 (1.61%) Cloud Foundry
10 96 (1.38%) OpenStack
11 70 (1.00%) Jupyter
12 64 (0.92%) JBoss
13 60 (0.86%) WebSphere
14 49 (0.70%) IIS
15 43 (0.62%) WebLogic
16 35 (0.50%) Apache Pig
16 35 (0.50%) Luigi
17 28 (0.40%) CMS
17 28 (0.40%) SharePoint
18 26 (0.37%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 142 (2.04%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (0.59%) Microsoft Office
3 36 (0.52%) SPSS
4 28 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 23 (0.33%) Stata
6 12 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
7 11 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
8 9 (0.13%) Maya
8 9 (0.13%) MS Visio
9 7 (0.10%) Chatbot
10 6 (0.086%) Blender
10 6 (0.086%) ZBrush
11 5 (0.072%) Photoshop
11 5 (0.072%) Simulink
11 5 (0.072%) Weka
12 2 (0.029%) Autodesk Inventor
12 2 (0.029%) CATIA
12 2 (0.029%) PTC Creo
12 2 (0.029%) Siemens NX
12 2 (0.029%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 24 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
2 21 (0.30%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 14 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
3 14 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
4 13 (0.19%) R3 Corda
5 7 (0.10%) Actimize
5 7 (0.10%) Endur
5 7 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
6 5 (0.072%) Oracle EBS R12
6 5 (0.072%) SAP ERP
7 4 (0.057%) Magento
7 4 (0.057%) SAP Hybris
7 4 (0.057%) SAP S/4HANA
8 3 (0.043%) C-CURE
8 3 (0.043%) Eloqua
9 2 (0.029%) Dynamics AX
9 2 (0.029%) Dynamics NAV
9 2 (0.029%) FastStats
9 2 (0.029%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.029%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 2,562 (36.72%) Amazon AWS
2 1,243 (17.82%) Microsoft Azure
3 827 (11.85%) Google Cloud Platform
4 511 (7.32%) Serverless
5 495 (7.09%) Amazon S3
6 411 (5.89%) AWS Lambda
7 396 (5.68%) AWS CloudFormation
8 377 (5.40%) Amazon EC2
9 370 (5.30%) GitHub
10 213 (3.05%) Amazon ECS
11 206 (2.95%) PaaS
12 201 (2.88%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 192 (2.75%) Power Platform
14 183 (2.62%) OpenShift
15 172 (2.47%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 171 (2.45%) Amazon SQS
17 160 (2.29%) Amazon EMR
18 141 (2.02%) Amazon Kinesis
19 126 (1.81%) Cloud Computing
19 126 (1.81%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 206 (2.95%) HTTP
2 202 (2.90%) Firewall
3 147 (2.11%) TCP/IP
4 139 (1.99%) DNS
5 95 (1.36%) Internet
6 94 (1.35%) SSL
7 81 (1.16%) WAN
8 76 (1.09%) VPN
9 70 (1.00%) BGP
10 60 (0.86%) LAN
11 58 (0.83%) DHCP
12 52 (0.75%) OSPF
13 44 (0.63%) Network Security
14 38 (0.54%) Wireless
15 37 (0.53%) MPLS
15 37 (0.53%) VLAN
16 34 (0.49%) Kerberos
16 34 (0.49%) Multicast
17 32 (0.46%) Wireshark
18 29 (0.42%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,033 (14.81%) Big Data
2 802 (11.49%) Hadoop
3 650 (9.32%) NoSQL
4 563 (8.07%) PostgreSQL
5 457 (6.55%) MongoDB
6 409 (5.86%) MySQL
7 379 (5.43%) Data Warehouse
8 335 (4.80%) SQL Server
9 333 (4.77%) Apache Hive
10 321 (4.60%) Relational Database
11 273 (3.91%) Apache Cassandra
12 257 (3.68%) Amazon RDS
13 225 (3.22%) Amazon Redshift
14 188 (2.69%) Power BI
15 181 (2.59%) Data Lake
16 147 (2.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 135 (1.93%) HBase
18 119 (1.71%) BigQuery
19 116 (1.66%) Redis
20 110 (1.58%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 1,440 (20.64%) Jenkins
2 1,261 (18.07%) Git (software)
3 562 (8.06%) JIRA
4 267 (3.83%) Selenium
5 229 (3.28%) Maven
6 198 (2.84%) GitLab
7 175 (2.51%) Cucumber
7 175 (2.51%) Sonatype Nexus
8 171 (2.45%) Bitbucket
9 161 (2.31%) Artifactory
10 141 (2.02%) TeamCity
11 135 (1.93%) Subversion
12 115 (1.65%) Gradle
13 105 (1.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 102 (1.46%) SonarQube
15 100 (1.43%) gulp
16 87 (1.25%) Visual Studio Team System
17 83 (1.19%) RStudio
18 79 (1.13%) JUnit
19 75 (1.07%) CircleCI
General
1 1,379 (19.76%) Finance
2 542 (7.77%) Banking
3 300 (4.30%) Front Office
4 208 (2.98%) Retail
5 173 (2.48%) Investment Banking
6 149 (2.14%) Marketing
7 110 (1.58%) Financial Institution
8 107 (1.53%) Telecoms
9 89 (1.28%) Games
10 60 (0.86%) Manufacturing
11 55 (0.79%) Legal
12 54 (0.77%) Electronics
13 52 (0.75%) Law
14 47 (0.67%) Advertising
15 46 (0.66%) Publishing
16 27 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
16 27 (0.39%) Retail Banking
17 20 (0.29%) Automotive
18 16 (0.23%) German Language
19 15 (0.21%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 2,213 (31.72%) Developer
2 1,202 (17.23%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,104 (15.82%) Python Developer
4 736 (10.55%) Data Engineer
5 585 (8.38%) Python Engineer
6 535 (7.67%) AWS Engineer
7 414 (5.93%) Data Scientist
8 367 (5.26%) AWS DevOps
9 364 (5.22%) Architect
10 319 (4.57%) Analyst
11 309 (4.43%) Cloud Engineer
12 307 (4.40%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 279 (4.00%) Java Developer
13 279 (4.00%) Software Engineer
14 246 (3.53%) AWS Developer
15 233 (3.34%) Senior Developer
16 230 (3.30%) Big Data Engineer
17 203 (2.91%) Consultant
18 143 (2.05%) Senior DevOps
19 138 (1.98%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 588 (8.43%) Kafka
2 585 (8.38%) Web Services
3 556 (7.97%) Node.js
4 414 (5.93%) HTML
5 407 (5.83%) Django
6 369 (5.29%) REST
7 345 (4.94%) RESTful
8 333 (4.77%) React
9 325 (4.66%) CSS
10 322 (4.62%) .NET
11 318 (4.56%) AngularJS
12 289 (4.14%) JSON
13 267 (3.83%) Pandas
14 256 (3.67%) Flask
15 235 (3.37%) PySpark
16 206 (2.95%) Elastic Stack
17 194 (2.78%) NumPy
18 192 (2.75%) XML
19 185 (2.65%) Spring
20 164 (2.35%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 456 (6.54%) Analytical Skills
2 374 (5.36%) Algorithms
3 265 (3.80%) Greenfield Project
4 194 (2.78%) Public Cloud
5 167 (2.39%) Data Structures
6 163 (2.34%) User Experience
7 147 (2.11%) Hedge funds
8 140 (2.01%) Fixed Income
9 138 (1.98%) Linux Command Line
10 135 (1.93%) Self-Motivation
11 113 (1.62%) Mobile App
12 111 (1.59%) Data Centre
13 103 (1.48%) Derivative
14 80 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
15 79 (1.13%) Data Protection Act
16 73 (1.05%) Cloud Native
17 71 (1.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 64 (0.92%) PKI
19 54 (0.77%) Management Information System
20 43 (0.62%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,957 (28.05%) Linux
2 605 (8.67%) Windows
3 593 (8.50%) Unix
4 305 (4.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 153 (2.19%) CentOS
6 106 (1.52%) Android
7 105 (1.50%) Apple iOS
8 102 (1.46%) Windows Server
9 101 (1.45%) Ubuntu
10 46 (0.66%) Solaris
11 45 (0.64%) Mac OS
12 30 (0.43%) Mac OS X
13 28 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
14 25 (0.36%) Debian
15 23 (0.33%) Windows 10
16 20 (0.29%) CoreOS
16 20 (0.29%) Windows Server 2008
17 17 (0.24%) Fedora
18 15 (0.21%) AIX
19 13 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,613 (37.45%) Agile Software Development
2 2,337 (33.50%) DevOps
3 978 (14.02%) Data Science
4 893 (12.80%) Analytics
5 872 (12.50%) Continuous Integration
6 867 (12.43%) Test Automation
7 793 (11.37%) Machine Learning
8 781 (11.19%) Software Engineering
9 714 (10.23%) TDD
10 685 (9.82%) Open Source
11 646 (9.26%) Scrum
12 623 (8.93%) Microservices
13 606 (8.69%) Configuration Management
14 478 (6.85%) Problem-Solving
15 455 (6.52%) ETL
16 444 (6.36%) Computer Science
17 429 (6.15%) Visualisation
18 389 (5.58%) Business Intelligence
19 386 (5.53%) BDD
20 375 (5.37%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,302 (32.99%) Java
2 1,865 (26.73%) SQL
3 1,090 (15.62%) JavaScript
4 1,017 (14.58%) Bash Shell
5 809 (11.60%) Ruby
6 641 (9.19%) Scala
7 629 (9.02%) C++
8 568 (8.14%) Perl
9 551 (7.90%) R
10 534 (7.65%) C#
11 456 (6.54%) PowerShell
12 420 (6.02%) Go
13 337 (4.83%) Shell Script
14 305 (4.37%) C
15 253 (3.63%) PHP
16 222 (3.18%) Groovy
17 120 (1.72%) MATLAB
18 111 (1.59%) Java 8
19 88 (1.26%) VBA
20 87 (1.25%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 520 (7.45%) Security Cleared
2 513 (7.35%) Degree
3 382 (5.48%) SC Cleared
4 204 (2.92%) PhD
5 149 (2.14%) Computer Science Degree
6 145 (2.08%) AWS Certification
7 107 (1.53%) DV Cleared
8 99 (1.42%) Master's Degree
9 68 (0.97%) Cisco Certification
10 48 (0.69%) CISSP
11 44 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
12 42 (0.60%) CCNP
13 35 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
14 26 (0.37%) CCIE
14 26 (0.37%) CTC Cleared
15 23 (0.33%) RHCE
16 22 (0.32%) CISM
17 21 (0.30%) OSCP
18 19 (0.27%) ISTQB
19 17 (0.24%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 181 (2.59%) QA
2 113 (1.62%) Data Quality
3 51 (0.73%) GDPR
4 22 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 20 (0.29%) PCI DSS
6 19 (0.27%) NIST
7 11 (0.16%) MiFID
7 11 (0.16%) SLA
8 10 (0.14%) COBIT
9 9 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
10 7 (0.10%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 6 (0.086%) HMG Infosec
11 6 (0.086%) JSP 440
12 5 (0.072%) NCSC
13 4 (0.057%) DO-178B
13 4 (0.057%) MISRA
13 4 (0.057%) PA-DSS
13 4 (0.057%) PSD2
14 3 (0.043%) Actionable Recommendations
14 3 (0.043%) PMO
System Software
1 1,615 (23.15%) Docker
2 125 (1.79%) Active Directory
3 108 (1.55%) VMware Infrastructure
4 90 (1.29%) Virtual Machines
5 85 (1.22%) Apache Flume
6 74 (1.06%) HDFS
7 27 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
8 26 (0.37%) KVM
9 25 (0.36%) Hyper-V
10 19 (0.27%) etcd
11 18 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
12 16 (0.23%) Firmware
12 16 (0.23%) Snort
12 16 (0.23%) Squid
13 15 (0.21%) vSphere
14 14 (0.20%) Ceph
14 14 (0.20%) flannel
14 14 (0.20%) SkyDNS
15 11 (0.16%) GlusterFS
16 10 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 1,259 (18.05%) Ansible
2 1,175 (16.84%) Kubernetes
3 1,024 (14.68%) Terraform
4 746 (10.69%) Puppet
5 541 (7.75%) Opscode Chef
6 118 (1.69%) Packer
7 114 (1.63%) Prometheus
8 110 (1.58%) Kibana
9 109 (1.56%) Grafana
10 70 (1.00%) Hadoop YARN
11 69 (0.99%) Nagios
12 63 (0.90%) logstash
13 54 (0.77%) Consul
13 54 (0.77%) Salt
14 48 (0.69%) Graphite
14 48 (0.69%) Mesos
14 48 (0.69%) ZABBIX
15 47 (0.67%) Docker Swarm
15 47 (0.67%) HAProxy
16 34 (0.49%) Rancher
Vendors
1 665 (9.53%) Google
2 447 (6.41%) Oracle
3 400 (5.73%) Microsoft
4 320 (4.59%) Red Hat
5 248 (3.55%) Tableau
6 247 (3.54%) Splunk
7 154 (2.21%) VMware
8 151 (2.16%) Cloudera
9 135 (1.93%) Cisco
10 133 (1.91%) Atlassian
11 114 (1.63%) Databricks
12 102 (1.46%) SAP
13 94 (1.35%) Hortonworks
14 84 (1.20%) IBM
15 79 (1.13%) Informatica
16 74 (1.06%) Talend
17 70 (1.00%) New Relic
18 66 (0.95%) ServiceNow
19 61 (0.87%) HP
20 58 (0.83%) CheckPoint