Period
to 16 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 16 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
16 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 28 44 66
Rank change year-on-year +16 +22 +13
Contract jobs citing Python 5732 4366 3073
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 6.50% 4.33% 2.99%
As % of the Programming Languages category 15.49% 10.97% 7.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 4074 2992 2129
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £338 £328 £300
90th Percentile £650 £625 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 107 68 59
England median hourly rate £40.50 £37.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.00% -6.25% +10.34%
10th Percentile £27.45 £13.92 £21.21
90th Percentile £51.75 £51.53 £52.17
UK median hourly rate £40.50 £37.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +8.00% -6.25% +10.34%

Python is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for programming language skills.

Contract Programming Language Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 37013 39812 39024
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 41.99% 39.48% 38.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 25591 27685 26261
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.90%
10th Percentile £305 £281 £263
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 728 831 822
England median hourly rate £40.25 £37.50 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.33% +4.17% +5.88%
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.13 £15.78
90th Percentile £53.23 £51.50 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +4.48%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 16 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 16 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 16 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +16 3779 £525 +5.00% 610
South East -2 665 £425 -5.56% 126
North of England +39 541 £425 -5.56% 110
Yorkshire +34 302 £425 -5.56% 47
East of England +8 261 £400 -5.88% 133
Midlands +113 244 £457 +7.53% 29
South West +15 226 £425 - 61
North West +39 191 £425 -5.56% 53
West Midlands +96 155 £475 - 18
East Midlands +39 87 £423 +27.07% 11
North East +43 54 £425 -5.56% 10
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 16 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 2347 (40.95%) Linux
2 2041 (35.61%) Agile Software Development
3 2002 (34.93%) Java
4 1666 (29.06%) DevOps
5 1295 (22.59%) SQL
6 1280 (22.33%) Amazon AWS
7 1175 (20.50%) Ruby
8 1126 (19.64%) Finance
9 1110 (19.36%) Git (software)
10 1073 (18.72%) Jenkins
11 989 (17.25%) Ansible
12 983 (17.15%) Unix
13 981 (17.11%) Puppet
14 962 (16.78%) Docker
15 951 (16.59%) JavaScript
16 917 (16.00%) Continuous Integration
17 908 (15.84%) Bash Shell
18 834 (14.55%) Perl
19 767 (13.38%) Configuration Management
20 708 (12.35%) Test Automation
21 704 (12.28%) Big Data
22 671 (11.71%) TDD
23 646 (11.27%) Opscode Chef
24 638 (11.13%) HTML
25 626 (10.92%) Hadoop
26 618 (10.78%) Open Source
27 615 (10.73%) Banking
28 605 (10.55%) Windows
29 588 (10.26%) C++
30 585 (10.21%) Analytics

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 489 (8.53%) Apache Spark
2 324 (5.65%) Apache
3 299 (5.22%) Elasticsearch
4 245 (4.27%) Confluence
5 203 (3.54%) nginx
6 183 (3.19%) Tomcat
7 160 (2.79%) OpenStack
8 118 (2.06%) Cloud Foundry
9 83 (1.45%) SAS
10 80 (1.40%) JBoss
11 79 (1.38%) Apache Pig
12 72 (1.26%) Apache Solr
13 68 (1.19%) IIS
14 65 (1.13%) CMS
15 44 (0.77%) WebSphere
16 39 (0.68%) WebLogic
17 27 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 25 (0.44%) Drupal
19 18 (0.31%) Apache Airflow
20 17 (0.30%) Jupyter
Applications
1 105 (1.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 45 (0.79%) Spreadsheet
3 41 (0.72%) Photoshop
4 16 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
4 16 (0.28%) SPSS
5 12 (0.21%) Doxygen
5 12 (0.21%) HipChat
6 9 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
7 8 (0.14%) Maya
7 8 (0.14%) Stata
8 7 (0.12%) Chatbot
8 7 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 6 (0.10%) Houdini
9 6 (0.10%) MS Visio
9 6 (0.10%) NUKE
10 5 (0.087%) Simulink
11 4 (0.070%) FrameMaker
11 4 (0.070%) XMetaL
12 3 (0.052%) Adobe After Effects
12 3 (0.052%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 23 (0.40%) ION MarketView
1 23 (0.40%) SAP ERP
2 10 (0.17%) RMDS
3 9 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 5 (0.087%) Dynamics AX
4 5 (0.087%) Oracle BPM
5 4 (0.070%) BusinessWorks
5 4 (0.070%) Dynamics NAV
6 3 (0.052%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.052%) Odoo
6 3 (0.052%) R3 Corda
7 2 (0.035%) Front Arena
7 2 (0.035%) Magento
7 2 (0.035%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 2 (0.035%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.035%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.017%) Adobe Campaign
8 1 (0.017%) AquaLogic BPM
8 1 (0.017%) FINCAD Analytics
8 1 (0.017%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 1280 (22.33%) Amazon AWS
2 321 (5.60%) Microsoft Azure
3 188 (3.28%) GitHub
4 185 (3.23%) PaaS
5 179 (3.12%) AWS CloudFormation
6 140 (2.44%) Amazon EC2
7 120 (2.09%) Amazon S3
8 105 (1.83%) Google Cloud Platform
9 101 (1.76%) IaaS
10 93 (1.62%) Cloud Computing
11 71 (1.24%) SaaS
12 68 (1.19%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 63 (1.10%) OpenShift
14 49 (0.85%) AWS Lambda
15 47 (0.82%) Route 53
16 45 (0.79%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 41 (0.72%) Amazon EMR
18 38 (0.66%) Heroku
19 34 (0.59%) Amazon ELB
20 33 (0.58%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 353 (6.16%) HTTP
2 276 (4.82%) TCP/IP
3 197 (3.44%) DNS
4 193 (3.37%) Firewall
5 180 (3.14%) SSL
6 104 (1.81%) Internet
7 91 (1.59%) LDAP
8 69 (1.20%) VPN
9 63 (1.10%) Network Security
9 63 (1.10%) Wireless
10 60 (1.05%) HTTPS
11 57 (0.99%) WAN
12 56 (0.98%) LAN
13 39 (0.68%) DHCP
14 35 (0.61%) Kerberos
15 34 (0.59%) Bluetooth
15 34 (0.59%) Wi-Fi
16 33 (0.58%) IPsec
17 29 (0.51%) SNMP
18 28 (0.49%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 704 (12.28%) Big Data
2 626 (10.92%) Hadoop
3 516 (9.00%) PostgreSQL
4 475 (8.29%) MongoDB
4 475 (8.29%) MySQL
5 432 (7.54%) NoSQL
6 427 (7.45%) Relational Database
7 366 (6.39%) SQL Server
8 281 (4.90%) Apache Hive
9 237 (4.13%) Apache Cassandra
10 162 (2.83%) HBase
11 131 (2.29%) RDBMS
12 128 (2.23%) Data Warehouse
13 112 (1.95%) Oracle Database
14 110 (1.92%) Impala
15 87 (1.52%) Redis
15 87 (1.52%) Sqoop
16 77 (1.34%) Amazon RDS
17 66 (1.15%) Data Mining
18 55 (0.96%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 1110 (19.36%) Git (software)
2 1073 (18.72%) Jenkins
3 513 (8.95%) JIRA
4 259 (4.52%) Subversion
5 240 (4.19%) Maven
6 235 (4.10%) Selenium
7 195 (3.40%) Cucumber
8 138 (2.41%) JUnit
9 137 (2.39%) Vagrant
10 124 (2.16%) Sonatype Nexus
11 116 (2.02%) TeamCity
12 98 (1.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 84 (1.47%) Gradle
14 81 (1.41%) Ant
15 79 (1.38%) Artifactory
16 78 (1.36%) WebDriver
17 77 (1.34%) Bitbucket
18 75 (1.31%) gulp
19 65 (1.13%) Hudson
20 58 (1.01%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1126 (19.64%) Finance
2 615 (10.73%) Banking
3 291 (5.08%) Investment Banking
4 282 (4.92%) Front Office
5 203 (3.54%) Marketing
6 195 (3.40%) Telecoms
7 124 (2.16%) Electronics
8 109 (1.90%) Retail
9 95 (1.66%) Manufacturing
10 65 (1.13%) Games
11 46 (0.80%) Financial Institution
12 34 (0.59%) Publishing
13 26 (0.45%) Law
14 25 (0.44%) Back Office
15 23 (0.40%) Billing
16 22 (0.38%) Advertising
17 20 (0.35%) Legal
18 18 (0.31%) French Language
19 16 (0.28%) Automotive
20 14 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2266 (39.53%) Developer
2 1004 (17.52%) Python Developer
3 914 (15.95%) DevOps Engineer
4 356 (6.21%) Analyst
5 337 (5.88%) Java Developer
6 312 (5.44%) AWS Engineer
7 289 (5.04%) Linux Engineer
8 256 (4.47%) AWS DevOps
9 254 (4.43%) Senior Developer
10 232 (4.05%) Data Scientist
11 221 (3.86%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 220 (3.84%) Architect
13 191 (3.33%) Administrator
14 184 (3.21%) Data Engineer
15 182 (3.18%) Linux/Unix DevOps
16 179 (3.12%) C++ Developer
17 177 (3.09%) Consultant
18 158 (2.76%) Cloud Engineer
19 154 (2.69%) Linux DevOps Engineer
20 140 (2.44%) Django Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 638 (11.13%) HTML
2 537 (9.37%) Node.js
3 530 (9.25%) Web Services
4 518 (9.04%) CSS
4 518 (9.04%) Django
5 434 (7.57%) REST
6 333 (5.81%) JSON
7 295 (5.15%) HTML5
8 289 (5.04%) XML
9 282 (4.92%) AngularJS
10 270 (4.71%) Kafka
11 268 (4.68%) .NET
12 266 (4.64%) RESTful
13 264 (4.61%) Elastic Stack
14 223 (3.89%) Spring
15 191 (3.33%) Flask
16 180 (3.14%) CSS3
16 180 (3.14%) React
17 146 (2.55%) jQuery
18 140 (2.44%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 453 (7.90%) Analytical Skills
2 308 (5.37%) Computer Science
3 206 (3.59%) Greenfield Project
4 191 (3.33%) Algorithms
5 171 (2.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 156 (2.72%) Fixed Income
7 144 (2.51%) Derivative
8 136 (2.37%) User Experience
9 109 (1.90%) Data Centre
10 106 (1.85%) Fintech
11 102 (1.78%) Linux Command Line
11 102 (1.78%) Public Cloud
12 100 (1.74%) Data Structures
13 90 (1.57%) Enterprise Software
14 82 (1.43%) Clustering
15 69 (1.20%) Equities
16 60 (1.05%) Market Risk
17 53 (0.92%) Mobile App
18 50 (0.87%) Credit Risk
19 44 (0.77%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 2347 (40.95%) Linux
2 983 (17.15%) Unix
3 605 (10.55%) Windows
4 373 (6.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 269 (4.69%) CentOS
6 203 (3.54%) Ubuntu
7 111 (1.94%) Solaris
8 73 (1.27%) Windows Server
9 68 (1.19%) Mac OS X
10 67 (1.17%) Debian
11 58 (1.01%) Android
12 52 (0.91%) Apple iOS
13 48 (0.84%) Mac OS
14 34 (0.59%) Windows 7
15 31 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
16 29 (0.51%) AIX
16 29 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
17 25 (0.44%) CoreOS
17 25 (0.44%) SUSE
18 23 (0.40%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2041 (35.61%) Agile Software Development
2 1666 (29.06%) DevOps
3 917 (16.00%) Continuous Integration
4 767 (13.38%) Configuration Management
5 708 (12.35%) Test Automation
6 671 (11.71%) TDD
7 618 (10.78%) Open Source
8 585 (10.21%) Analytics
9 548 (9.56%) Scrum
10 426 (7.43%) Software Engineering
11 340 (5.93%) Web Development
12 335 (5.84%) Machine Learning
13 330 (5.76%) Microservices
14 311 (5.43%) OO
15 287 (5.01%) Continuous Delivery
16 262 (4.57%) Business Intelligence
17 254 (4.43%) BDD
18 251 (4.38%) SDLC
19 241 (4.20%) Mathematics
20 240 (4.19%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2002 (34.93%) Java
2 1295 (22.59%) SQL
3 1175 (20.50%) Ruby
4 951 (16.59%) JavaScript
5 908 (15.84%) Bash Shell
6 834 (14.55%) Perl
7 588 (10.26%) C++
8 567 (9.89%) Scala
9 542 (9.46%) C#
10 369 (6.44%) Shell Script
11 356 (6.21%) R
12 296 (5.16%) Go
13 294 (5.13%) PHP
14 278 (4.85%) PowerShell
15 255 (4.45%) C
16 164 (2.86%) Groovy
17 109 (1.90%) Korn
18 88 (1.54%) VBA
19 76 (1.33%) PL/SQL
20 64 (1.12%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 446 (7.78%) Security Cleared
2 427 (7.45%) Degree
3 327 (5.70%) SC Cleared
4 125 (2.18%) Computer Science Degree
5 72 (1.26%) PhD
6 48 (0.84%) Master's Degree
7 40 (0.70%) DV Cleared
8 38 (0.66%) AWS Certification
8 38 (0.66%) ISEB
9 37 (0.65%) Cisco Certification
10 34 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
11 33 (0.58%) RHCE
12 32 (0.56%) Numerate Degree
13 31 (0.54%) CISSP
14 30 (0.52%) ISTQB
15 23 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 22 (0.38%) GIAC
16 22 (0.38%) RHCSA
17 21 (0.37%) CEH
18 20 (0.35%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 209 (3.65%) QA
2 61 (1.06%) Data Quality
3 46 (0.80%) MiFID
4 31 (0.54%) Disclosure Scotland
5 17 (0.30%) GCP
5 17 (0.30%) PCI DSS
6 10 (0.17%) SLA
7 9 (0.16%) DO-178B
7 9 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 8 (0.14%) Actionable Recommendations
9 4 (0.070%) AS 2805
9 4 (0.070%) ISO 8583
9 4 (0.070%) WCAG
10 3 (0.052%) IFRS
10 3 (0.052%) IFRS 9
10 3 (0.052%) MISRA
10 3 (0.052%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 2 (0.035%) COBIT
11 2 (0.035%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.035%) PMO
System Software
1 962 (16.78%) Docker
2 167 (2.91%) VMware Infrastructure
3 120 (2.09%) HDFS
4 102 (1.78%) Apache Flume
5 101 (1.76%) Active Directory
6 73 (1.27%) Virtual Machines
7 50 (0.87%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 43 (0.75%) LXC
8 43 (0.75%) VirtualBox
9 42 (0.73%) Xen
10 39 (0.68%) KVM
11 38 (0.66%) NFS
11 38 (0.66%) vSphere
12 31 (0.54%) Hyper-V
13 26 (0.45%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 26 (0.45%) VMware ESXi
14 22 (0.38%) Firmware
14 22 (0.38%) Samba
15 12 (0.21%) vCloud
16 10 (0.17%) GPFS
Systems Management
1 989 (17.25%) Ansible
2 981 (17.11%) Puppet
3 646 (11.27%) Opscode Chef
4 414 (7.22%) Kubernetes
5 394 (6.87%) Terraform
6 172 (3.00%) logstash
7 135 (2.36%) Kibana
7 135 (2.36%) Nagios
8 92 (1.61%) Salt
9 81 (1.41%) Grafana
10 80 (1.40%) Packer
11 77 (1.34%) ZABBIX
12 74 (1.29%) Mesos
13 71 (1.24%) Hadoop YARN
14 66 (1.15%) Graphite
15 58 (1.01%) Oozie
16 54 (0.94%) HAProxy
17 49 (0.85%) Prometheus
18 45 (0.79%) Rancher
19 39 (0.68%) Consul
Vendors
1 558 (9.73%) Oracle
2 355 (6.19%) Red Hat
3 287 (5.01%) VMware
4 286 (4.99%) Microsoft
5 228 (3.98%) Google
6 202 (3.52%) Splunk
7 125 (2.18%) Cloudera
8 124 (2.16%) SAP
9 107 (1.87%) Tableau
10 92 (1.61%) Atlassian
11 88 (1.54%) IBM
12 84 (1.47%) SaltStack
13 79 (1.38%) Sybase
14 77 (1.34%) Cisco
15 69 (1.20%) TIBCO
16 62 (1.08%) HP
17 61 (1.06%) Hortonworks
18 56 (0.98%) Sun
19 48 (0.84%) ServiceNow
20 40 (0.70%) AppDynamics