Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > England
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 14 21 28
Rank change year-on-year +7 +7 +16
Contract jobs citing Python 7,056 6,844 5,856
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 8.83% 7.35% 6.45%
As % of the Programming Languages category 20.81% 16.38% 15.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,795 4,689 4,173
England median daily rate £538 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £394 £363 £350
90th Percentile £700 £675 £656
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 110 127 124
England median hourly rate £47.00 £41.50 £40.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.25% +3.11% +1.90%
10th Percentile £21.21 £17.00 £26.08
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.70 £53.53
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £41.50 £40.25
% change year-on-year +8.43% +3.11% +4.55%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,904 41,782 37,979
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.42% 44.86% 41.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,717 29,647 26,423
England median daily rate £480 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £318 £306
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 589 666 738
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.14% +5.00% +6.67%
10th Percentile £20.30 £17.50 £15.94
90th Percentile £57.10 £52.50 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £41.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.02% +3.75% +6.67%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in England

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in England over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in England

Python
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the England region over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 4,653 £550 - 1,278
South East +5 832 £475 - 353
North of England +9 679 £475 +5.56% 264
South West +11 402 £525 +10.53% 208
North West +5 327 £463 -2.63% 135
Yorkshire +13 300 £500 +11.11% 108
East of England +20 296 £500 +17.65% 340
Midlands -11 157 £475 +10.47% 123
West Midlands -5 92 £475 +5.56% 95
East Midlands -15 65 £481 +18.83% 27
North East -1 52 £480 +20.00% 21
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Python.

1 2,699 (38.25%) Agile Software Development
2 2,493 (35.33%) AWS
3 2,277 (32.27%) Java
4 2,262 (32.06%) DevOps
5 1,865 (26.43%) SQL
6 1,841 (26.09%) Linux
7 1,512 (21.43%) Docker
8 1,495 (21.19%) Finance
9 1,272 (18.03%) Azure
10 1,231 (17.45%) Jenkins
11 1,149 (16.28%) Git (software)
12 1,140 (16.16%) Kubernetes
13 1,132 (16.04%) JavaScript
14 1,106 (15.67%) Ansible
15 1,002 (14.20%) Terraform
16 975 (13.82%) Data Science
17 946 (13.41%) Bash Shell
18 916 (12.98%) Analytics
19 884 (12.53%) Big Data
19 884 (12.53%) Continuous Integration
20 875 (12.40%) Software Engineering
21 872 (12.36%) GCP
22 826 (11.71%) Apache Spark
23 795 (11.27%) Test Automation
24 780 (11.05%) Machine Learning
25 761 (10.79%) Hadoop
26 738 (10.46%) Ruby
27 723 (10.25%) TDD
28 686 (9.72%) Scrum
29 683 (9.68%) Google

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 826 (11.71%) Apache Spark
2 344 (4.88%) Apache
3 270 (3.83%) Elasticsearch
4 238 (3.37%) Confluence
5 139 (1.97%) nginx
6 129 (1.83%) Apache Airflow
7 115 (1.63%) SAS
8 95 (1.35%) Tomcat
9 87 (1.23%) JBoss
10 84 (1.19%) OpenStack
11 69 (0.98%) Jupyter
12 51 (0.72%) Cloud Foundry
13 45 (0.64%) IIS
13 45 (0.64%) WebLogic
14 43 (0.61%) SharePoint
15 40 (0.57%) WebSphere
16 36 (0.51%) ArcGIS
17 25 (0.35%) Luigi
18 22 (0.31%) GeoServer
19 19 (0.27%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 130 (1.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 38 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (0.43%) SPSS
4 16 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 12 (0.17%) Stata
6 9 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
7 8 (0.11%) MS Visio
8 6 (0.085%) Weka
9 5 (0.071%) Chatbot
10 4 (0.057%) Simulink
11 3 (0.043%) Photoshop
12 2 (0.028%) Autodesk Inventor
12 2 (0.028%) CATIA
12 2 (0.028%) GNU Octave
12 2 (0.028%) PTC Creo
12 2 (0.028%) Siemens NX
12 2 (0.028%) Sketch
12 2 (0.028%) SOLIDWORKS
13 1 (0.014%) InVision
13 1 (0.014%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 15 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
1 15 (0.21%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 13 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 12 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
5 9 (0.13%) Magento
6 8 (0.11%) R3 Corda
6 8 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
6 8 (0.11%) Sonata
7 6 (0.085%) Oracle Financials
7 6 (0.085%) Unit4 Business World
8 5 (0.071%) FINCAD Analytics
8 5 (0.071%) Markit EDM
9 4 (0.057%) Eikon
9 4 (0.057%) PolarLake
9 4 (0.057%) SAP Hybris
10 3 (0.043%) Actimize
10 3 (0.043%) Oracle EBS
10 3 (0.043%) Payment Gateway
10 3 (0.043%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 2,493 (35.33%) AWS
2 1,272 (18.03%) Azure
3 872 (12.36%) GCP
4 575 (8.15%) Serverless
5 508 (7.20%) Amazon S3
6 447 (6.34%) AWS Lambda
7 406 (5.75%) GitHub
8 380 (5.39%) AWS CloudFormation
9 331 (4.69%) Amazon EC2
10 245 (3.47%) Power Platform
11 214 (3.03%) OpenShift
12 199 (2.82%) Amazon ECS
13 196 (2.78%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 179 (2.54%) PaaS
15 175 (2.48%) Amazon SQS
16 170 (2.41%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 156 (2.21%) IaaS
18 150 (2.13%) Amazon Kinesis
19 136 (1.93%) Amazon EMR
20 117 (1.66%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 182 (2.58%) Firewall
2 168 (2.38%) HTTP
3 140 (1.98%) DNS
4 122 (1.73%) TCP/IP
5 93 (1.32%) Internet
6 87 (1.23%) WAN
7 63 (0.89%) SSL
8 58 (0.82%) BGP
8 58 (0.82%) VPN
9 53 (0.75%) LAN
10 48 (0.68%) DHCP
11 44 (0.62%) Wireless
12 37 (0.52%) OSPF
13 36 (0.51%) SAN
14 35 (0.50%) Wi-Fi
15 32 (0.45%) Network Security
16 31 (0.44%) Intrusion Detection
17 29 (0.41%) VoIP
18 27 (0.38%) Multicast
19 25 (0.35%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 884 (12.53%) Big Data
2 761 (10.79%) Hadoop
3 549 (7.78%) PostgreSQL
4 517 (7.33%) NoSQL
5 412 (5.84%) MongoDB
6 394 (5.58%) Data Warehouse
6 394 (5.58%) MySQL
7 367 (5.20%) SQL Server
8 334 (4.73%) Relational Database
9 274 (3.88%) Apache Hive
10 265 (3.76%) Amazon Redshift
11 234 (3.32%) Amazon RDS
12 226 (3.20%) Power BI
13 220 (3.12%) Data Lake
14 196 (2.78%) BigQuery
15 180 (2.55%) Apache Cassandra
16 149 (2.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 124 (1.76%) RDBMS
18 121 (1.71%) Amazon Athena
19 102 (1.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,231 (17.45%) Jenkins
2 1,149 (16.28%) Git (software)
3 561 (7.95%) JIRA
4 229 (3.25%) Selenium
5 165 (2.34%) GitLab
6 158 (2.24%) TeamCity
7 154 (2.18%) Maven
7 154 (2.18%) Sonatype Nexus
8 141 (2.00%) Artifactory
8 141 (2.00%) Cucumber
9 128 (1.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 128 (1.81%) Bitbucket
9 128 (1.81%) Subversion
10 108 (1.53%) RStudio
11 93 (1.32%) Visual Studio Team System
12 88 (1.25%) SonarQube
13 83 (1.18%) Gradle
14 80 (1.13%) CircleCI
15 63 (0.89%) JUnit
16 51 (0.72%) Ant
General
1 1,495 (21.19%) Finance
2 563 (7.98%) Banking
3 425 (6.02%) Front Office
4 213 (3.02%) Public Sector
5 195 (2.76%) Retail
6 188 (2.66%) Investment Banking
7 134 (1.90%) Financial Institution
8 133 (1.88%) Marketing
9 122 (1.73%) Telecoms
10 74 (1.05%) Games
11 64 (0.91%) Manufacturing
12 63 (0.89%) Legal
13 55 (0.78%) Law
14 52 (0.74%) Advertising
15 51 (0.72%) Electronics
16 46 (0.65%) Publishing
17 37 (0.52%) Retail Banking
18 23 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
19 18 (0.26%) Aerospace
20 17 (0.24%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2,297 (32.55%) Developer
2 1,169 (16.57%) Python Developer
3 1,081 (15.32%) DevOps Engineer
4 771 (10.93%) Data Engineer
5 561 (7.95%) Python Engineer
6 518 (7.34%) AWS Engineer
7 431 (6.11%) Data Scientist
8 372 (5.27%) Architect
9 355 (5.03%) Analyst
10 335 (4.75%) Software Engineer
11 334 (4.73%) Cloud Engineer
12 300 (4.25%) Senior Developer
13 291 (4.12%) Java Developer
14 283 (4.01%) AWS DevOps
15 247 (3.50%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 227 (3.22%) AWS Developer
17 191 (2.71%) Consultant
18 151 (2.14%) Big Data Engineer
19 139 (1.97%) Azure Engineer
20 132 (1.87%) Senior Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 623 (8.83%) Web Services
2 620 (8.79%) Node.js
3 506 (7.17%) Kafka
4 401 (5.68%) Django
5 397 (5.63%) React
6 380 (5.39%) HTML
7 376 (5.33%) AngularJS
8 355 (5.03%) .NET
9 326 (4.62%) REST
10 301 (4.27%) CSS
11 300 (4.25%) Flask
12 259 (3.67%) JSON
13 256 (3.63%) RESTful
14 251 (3.56%) Pandas
15 206 (2.92%) PySpark
16 190 (2.69%) Spring
17 174 (2.47%) NumPy
18 171 (2.42%) Natural Language Processing
19 154 (2.18%) XML
20 143 (2.03%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 466 (6.60%) Analytical Skills
2 370 (5.24%) Algorithms
3 277 (3.93%) Greenfield Project
4 215 (3.05%) Fixed Income
5 214 (3.03%) Public Cloud
6 176 (2.49%) Derivative
7 152 (2.15%) User Experience
8 140 (1.98%) Data Structures
9 133 (1.88%) Linux Command Line
10 121 (1.71%) Data Centre
11 111 (1.57%) Hedge funds
12 102 (1.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 102 (1.45%) Self-Motivation
13 95 (1.35%) Enterprise Software
14 94 (1.33%) Mobile App
15 88 (1.25%) Cloud Native
16 76 (1.08%) Management Information System
17 73 (1.03%) Equities
18 71 (1.01%) Clustering
19 53 (0.75%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 1,841 (26.09%) Linux
2 575 (8.15%) Windows
3 558 (7.91%) Unix
4 341 (4.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 163 (2.31%) CentOS
6 109 (1.54%) Windows Server
7 95 (1.35%) Ubuntu
8 92 (1.30%) Apple iOS
9 88 (1.25%) Android
10 56 (0.79%) Mac OS X
11 52 (0.74%) Mac OS
12 49 (0.69%) Solaris
13 30 (0.43%) Debian
14 28 (0.40%) VMS
15 20 (0.28%) AIX
15 20 (0.28%) Embedded Linux
16 19 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
16 19 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
17 16 (0.23%) Windows 10
18 15 (0.21%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,699 (38.25%) Agile Software Development
2 2,262 (32.06%) DevOps
3 975 (13.82%) Data Science
4 916 (12.98%) Analytics
5 884 (12.53%) Continuous Integration
6 875 (12.40%) Software Engineering
7 795 (11.27%) Test Automation
8 780 (11.05%) Machine Learning
9 723 (10.25%) TDD
10 686 (9.72%) Scrum
11 648 (9.18%) Microservices
12 580 (8.22%) Configuration Management
13 565 (8.01%) Open Source
14 503 (7.13%) ETL
15 493 (6.99%) Computer Science
16 464 (6.58%) Problem-Solving
17 452 (6.41%) Visualisation
18 423 (5.99%) Data Modelling
19 408 (5.78%) Infrastructure as Code
20 396 (5.61%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 2,277 (32.27%) Java
2 1,865 (26.43%) SQL
3 1,132 (16.04%) JavaScript
4 946 (13.41%) Bash Shell
5 738 (10.46%) Ruby
6 676 (9.58%) C++
7 611 (8.66%) C#
8 595 (8.43%) R
9 576 (8.16%) Scala
10 556 (7.88%) Perl
11 497 (7.04%) PowerShell
12 422 (5.98%) Go
13 314 (4.45%) C
14 312 (4.42%) Shell Script
15 256 (3.63%) PHP
16 199 (2.82%) Groovy
17 89 (1.26%) MATLAB
18 86 (1.22%) VBA
19 84 (1.19%) Java 8
20 79 (1.12%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 573 (8.12%) Security Cleared
2 484 (6.86%) Degree
3 394 (5.58%) SC Cleared
4 188 (2.66%) PhD
5 179 (2.54%) AWS Certification
6 157 (2.23%) Computer Science Degree
7 121 (1.71%) DV Cleared
8 79 (1.12%) Cisco Certification
9 71 (1.01%) Master's Degree
10 50 (0.71%) CCNP
11 48 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
12 38 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
13 35 (0.50%) RHCE
14 29 (0.41%) CISSP
15 28 (0.40%) CCNA
15 28 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
16 24 (0.34%) DBS Check
17 22 (0.31%) CCIE
18 19 (0.27%) ISTQB
18 19 (0.27%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 168 (2.38%) QA
2 97 (1.37%) Data Quality
3 35 (0.50%) GDPR
4 32 (0.45%) NIST
5 31 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 23 (0.33%) PCI DSS
7 19 (0.27%) COBIT
8 15 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
8 15 (0.21%) SLA
9 9 (0.13%) GxP
9 9 (0.13%) MiFID
10 8 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 7 (0.099%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 5 (0.071%) EMIR
12 5 (0.071%) HMG Infosec
12 5 (0.071%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 5 (0.071%) JSP 440
13 4 (0.057%) DO-178B
13 4 (0.057%) PA-DSS
13 4 (0.057%) PMO
System Software
1 1,512 (21.43%) Docker
2 124 (1.76%) VMware Infrastructure
3 95 (1.35%) Active Directory
4 76 (1.08%) HDFS
5 65 (0.92%) Virtual Machines
6 49 (0.69%) Hyper-V
7 48 (0.68%) Apache Flume
8 34 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
9 24 (0.34%) vSphere
10 21 (0.30%) VirtualBox
11 20 (0.28%) Firmware
11 20 (0.28%) KVM
12 12 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
13 11 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 11 (0.16%) Samba
13 11 (0.16%) Snort
14 10 (0.14%) VMware NSX
15 9 (0.13%) NFS
15 9 (0.13%) Xen
15 9 (0.13%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 1,140 (16.16%) Kubernetes
2 1,106 (15.67%) Ansible
3 1,002 (14.20%) Terraform
4 619 (8.77%) Puppet
5 514 (7.28%) Opscode Chef
6 112 (1.59%) Grafana
7 104 (1.47%) Salt
8 96 (1.36%) Packer
9 83 (1.18%) Prometheus
10 78 (1.11%) Kibana
11 64 (0.91%) Consul
12 62 (0.88%) Hadoop YARN
13 47 (0.67%) Nagios
14 41 (0.58%) logstash
15 36 (0.51%) ZABBIX
16 34 (0.48%) Docker Swarm
16 34 (0.48%) Nessus
17 32 (0.45%) Rancher
18 31 (0.44%) Mesos
19 28 (0.40%) Suricata
Vendors
1 683 (9.68%) Google
2 461 (6.53%) Microsoft
3 402 (5.70%) Oracle
4 331 (4.69%) Red Hat
5 253 (3.59%) Tableau
6 234 (3.32%) Splunk
7 174 (2.47%) VMware
8 136 (1.93%) Cisco
9 135 (1.91%) Databricks
10 126 (1.79%) Cloudera
11 123 (1.74%) Atlassian
12 121 (1.71%) IBM
13 96 (1.36%) Informatica
14 95 (1.35%) SAP
15 81 (1.15%) Hortonworks
15 81 (1.15%) HP
16 78 (1.11%) Talend
17 71 (1.01%) Bloomberg
18 70 (0.99%) CheckPoint
19 61 (0.86%) Reuters