Period
to 20 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Amazon EC2 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 20 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
UK > England
6 months to
20 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 290 215 294
Rank change year-on-year -75 +79 -18
Contract jobs citing Amazon EC2 585 326 700
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.87% 1.20% 0.91%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.44% 3.75% 3.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 445 265 471
10th Percentile £425 £405 £406
25th Percentile £462 £463 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
75th Percentile £645 £625 £613
90th Percentile £700 £725 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £525
% change year-on-year - +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 1
Median hourly rate £61.00 - £16.00
UK median hourly rate £61.00 £40.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year +52.50% +150.00% -

Amazon EC2 is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 23,975 8,690 22,781
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.51% 32.08% 29.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,390 6,183 16,027
10th Percentile £322 £313 £298
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £588
90th Percentile £700 £688 £663
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 414 116 318
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.63 £13.25
25th Percentile £14.13 £16.94 £16.25
Median hourly rate £20.00 £21.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -6.98% +2.38% +20.00%
75th Percentile £41.62 £40.19 £41.94
90th Percentile £65.00 £55.00 £71.25
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £21.86 £20.50
% change year-on-year -3.93% +6.63% +17.14%

Amazon EC2
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Amazon EC2 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Amazon EC2 in England

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2 in England.

Daily rate trend for Amazon EC2 in England

Amazon EC2
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Amazon EC2 in England over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Amazon EC2 in England

Amazon EC2
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2 in England.

Hourly rate trend for Amazon EC2 in England

Amazon EC2
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 within the England region over the 6 months to 20 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -111 367 £550 - 80
North of England -44 74 £525 +11.11% 28
North West -36 36 £560 +38.27% 16
South West -33 30 £498 -0.40% 14
Midlands -56 27 £475 +1.60% 16
South East -78 27 £575 +15.00% 16
East of England -40 22 £488 +18.18% 14
West Midlands -43 22 £475 +5.56% 7
North East -2 19 £500 +5.26% 4
Yorkshire -32 19 £475 -7.32% 8
East Midlands -32 3 £586 +25.35% 9
Amazon EC2
UK

For the 6 months to 20 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Amazon EC2 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Amazon EC2.

1 560 (95.73%) AWS
2 310 (52.99%) Amazon S3
3 273 (46.67%) DevOps
4 259 (44.27%) Terraform
5 257 (43.93%) Serverless
6 252 (43.08%) AWS Lambda
7 251 (42.91%) Python
8 245 (41.88%) Agile Software Development
9 207 (35.38%) Java
10 167 (28.55%) Docker
11 154 (26.32%) Amazon RDS
12 145 (24.79%) AWS CloudFormation
13 143 (24.44%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 138 (23.59%) Amazon ECS
15 131 (22.39%) Web Services
15 131 (22.39%) Linux
16 128 (21.88%) Route 53
17 116 (19.83%) SQL
18 115 (19.66%) Finance
19 112 (19.15%) Ansible
20 111 (18.97%) Jenkins
20 111 (18.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
21 107 (18.29%) JavaScript
22 104 (17.78%) Amazon EKS
23 103 (17.61%) Azure
24 101 (17.26%) Microservices
25 99 (16.92%) Git (software)
26 98 (16.75%) Software Engineering
27 97 (16.58%) React
28 96 (16.41%) Social Skills

Amazon EC2
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 63 (10.77%) Elasticsearch
2 61 (10.43%) Apache Spark
3 38 (6.50%) Apache Airflow
4 37 (6.32%) Apache
5 16 (2.74%) Confluence
5 16 (2.74%) nginx
6 12 (2.05%) Tomcat
7 11 (1.88%) WebLogic
8 8 (1.37%) Traefik
9 7 (1.20%) Luigi
10 6 (1.03%) Apache Pig
11 5 (0.85%) SharePoint
11 5 (0.85%) WebSphere
12 4 (0.68%) JBoss
13 3 (0.51%) Moodle
13 3 (0.51%) Oracle Workflow
14 2 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
14 2 (0.34%) Jetty
14 2 (0.34%) OpenStack
14 2 (0.34%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 7 (1.20%) MS Visio
2 5 (0.85%) Spreadsheet
3 2 (0.34%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 4 (0.68%) SAP S/4HANA
2 2 (0.34%) Cloudability
3 1 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 560 (95.73%) AWS
2 310 (52.99%) Amazon S3
3 257 (43.93%) Serverless
4 252 (43.08%) AWS Lambda
5 145 (24.79%) AWS CloudFormation
6 143 (24.44%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 138 (23.59%) Amazon ECS
8 128 (21.88%) Route 53
9 104 (17.78%) Amazon EKS
10 103 (17.61%) Azure
11 91 (15.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 75 (12.82%) Amazon EMR
13 68 (11.62%) Amazon SQS
14 47 (8.03%) Amazon ELB
15 45 (7.69%) GitHub
16 39 (6.67%) GCP
17 37 (6.32%) IaaS
18 32 (5.47%) PaaS
19 29 (4.96%) AWS CloudTrail
20 25 (4.27%) AWS Direct Connect
Communications & Networking
1 72 (12.31%) DNS
2 22 (3.76%) TCP/IP
3 21 (3.59%) Firewall
4 19 (3.25%) SSL
5 18 (3.08%) Network Security
6 17 (2.91%) VPN
7 13 (2.22%) DHCP
8 8 (1.37%) HTTP
9 6 (1.03%) FTP
9 6 (1.03%) VoIP
10 4 (0.68%) Internet
10 4 (0.68%) Kerberos
11 3 (0.51%) BGP
11 3 (0.51%) DSL
11 3 (0.51%) IPsec
11 3 (0.51%) iSCSI
11 3 (0.51%) OSPF
11 3 (0.51%) VLAN
11 3 (0.51%) Wireshark
12 2 (0.34%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 154 (26.32%) Amazon RDS
2 111 (18.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 60 (10.26%) PostgreSQL
4 55 (9.40%) Hadoop
5 37 (6.32%) MySQL
6 36 (6.15%) Amazon Athena
7 33 (5.64%) SQL Server
8 28 (4.79%) Oracle Database
9 27 (4.62%) Amazon Redshift
10 25 (4.27%) Relational Database
11 22 (3.76%) Apache Ignite
11 22 (3.76%) Data Warehouse
12 21 (3.59%) Big Data
13 20 (3.42%) NoSQL
14 17 (2.91%) Data Lake
15 14 (2.39%) MongoDB
16 12 (2.05%) Pentaho
16 12 (2.05%) Tableau
17 11 (1.88%) SQL Server 2016
18 10 (1.71%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 111 (18.97%) Jenkins
2 99 (16.92%) Git (software)
3 65 (11.11%) GitLab
4 34 (5.81%) JIRA
5 21 (3.59%) JUnit
5 21 (3.59%) webpack
6 19 (3.25%) Bitbucket
7 17 (2.91%) CircleCI
7 17 (2.91%) Maven
7 17 (2.91%) TeamCity
8 14 (2.39%) Mockito
9 13 (2.22%) Cucumber
9 13 (2.22%) Mocha
10 11 (1.88%) Octopus Deploy
10 11 (1.88%) Selenium
11 10 (1.71%) Artifactory
11 10 (1.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 10 (1.71%) Jasmine
12 9 (1.54%) SonarQube
13 8 (1.37%) Cypress.io
General
1 115 (19.66%) Finance
2 96 (16.41%) Social Skills
3 54 (9.23%) Front Office
4 45 (7.69%) Public Sector
5 17 (2.91%) Law
6 14 (2.39%) Retail
7 13 (2.22%) Billing
8 12 (2.05%) Financial Institution
9 11 (1.88%) Analytical Skills
10 9 (1.54%) Banking
11 7 (1.20%) Legal
12 4 (0.68%) Avionics
12 4 (0.68%) Games
12 4 (0.68%) Presentation Skills
13 3 (0.51%) Back Office
14 2 (0.34%) Influencing Skills
14 2 (0.34%) Manufacturing
14 2 (0.34%) Telecoms
15 1 (0.17%) Documentation Skills
15 1 (0.17%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 193 (32.99%) AWS Engineer
2 162 (27.69%) Developer
3 150 (25.64%) DevOps Engineer
4 94 (16.07%) AWS DevOps
5 86 (14.70%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 73 (12.48%) Software Engineer
7 67 (11.45%) Python Engineer
8 59 (10.09%) Python Developer
9 58 (9.91%) Python Software Engineer
10 52 (8.89%) AWS Developer
11 51 (8.72%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 50 (8.55%) Architect
13 45 (7.69%) Java Developer
14 38 (6.50%) Cloud Engineer
14 38 (6.50%) Platform Engineer
15 36 (6.15%) AWS Architect
16 31 (5.30%) JavaScript Developer
17 30 (5.13%) JavaScript Engineer
18 29 (4.96%) Data Engineer
19 25 (4.27%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 131 (22.39%) Web Services
2 97 (16.58%) React
3 88 (15.04%) AngularJS
4 53 (9.06%) Vue.js
5 49 (8.38%) Spring
6 48 (8.21%) Node.js
7 42 (7.18%) RESTful
8 41 (7.01%) .NET
9 40 (6.84%) REST
10 35 (5.98%) Kafka
11 34 (5.81%) CSS
12 28 (4.79%) JSON
13 25 (4.27%) SOAP
14 21 (3.59%) Elastic Stack
15 19 (3.25%) .NET Core
15 19 (3.25%) gRPC
15 19 (3.25%) Spring Boot
16 18 (3.08%) GraphQL
17 17 (2.91%) HTML
18 16 (2.74%) Lambda Expressions
Miscellaneous
1 52 (8.89%) Equities
1 52 (8.89%) Fixed Income
1 52 (8.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 51 (8.72%) Derivative
3 32 (5.47%) PKI
4 25 (4.27%) Cloud Native
5 24 (4.10%) Data Protection Act
6 17 (2.91%) Data Centre
7 14 (2.39%) Management Information System
8 13 (2.22%) Clustering
9 12 (2.05%) Public Cloud
10 10 (1.71%) Greenfield Project
10 10 (1.71%) Legacy Applications
10 10 (1.71%) Linux Command Line
11 9 (1.54%) Life Science
12 7 (1.20%) Data Structures
12 7 (1.20%) Hedge funds
13 6 (1.03%) Self-Motivation
14 5 (0.85%) Hybrid Cloud
14 5 (0.85%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 131 (22.39%) Linux
2 56 (9.57%) Windows
3 24 (4.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 24 (4.10%) Unix
4 20 (3.42%) Windows Server
5 18 (3.08%) CentOS
6 11 (1.88%) Ubuntu
7 5 (0.85%) VMS
8 4 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
9 3 (0.51%) Debian
9 3 (0.51%) Windows Server 2008
9 3 (0.51%) Windows Server 2016
10 2 (0.34%) Windows Server 2019
11 1 (0.17%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.17%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 273 (46.67%) DevOps
2 245 (41.88%) Agile Software Development
3 101 (17.26%) Microservices
4 98 (16.75%) Software Engineering
5 94 (16.07%) Infrastructure as Code
6 85 (14.53%) Full Stack Development
7 62 (10.60%) Continuous Integration
8 57 (9.74%) Migration
9 56 (9.57%) Asset Management
10 44 (7.52%) Analytics
11 40 (6.84%) Configuration Management
11 40 (6.84%) TDD
11 40 (6.84%) Unit Testing
12 35 (5.98%) Continuous Deployment
13 33 (5.64%) Data Protection
14 32 (5.47%) Sprint Planning
15 30 (5.13%) Project Management
15 30 (5.13%) Scrum
16 29 (4.96%) Data Pipeline
17 28 (4.79%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 251 (42.91%) Python
2 207 (35.38%) Java
3 116 (19.83%) SQL
4 107 (18.29%) JavaScript
5 70 (11.97%) TypeScript
6 56 (9.57%) Bash Shell
7 54 (9.23%) PowerShell
8 52 (8.89%) Kotlin
9 37 (6.32%) C#
10 21 (3.59%) Go
10 21 (3.59%) Scala
11 19 (3.25%) PHP
12 15 (2.56%) Perl
12 15 (2.56%) Shell Script
13 12 (2.05%) Java 8
13 12 (2.05%) Ruby
14 11 (1.88%) C++
15 9 (1.54%) T-SQL
16 8 (1.37%) Java 11
17 6 (1.03%) ES6
Qualifications
1 54 (9.23%) Security Cleared
2 50 (8.55%) SC Cleared
3 35 (5.98%) AWS Certification
4 26 (4.44%) Degree
5 15 (2.56%) Computer Science Degree
6 6 (1.03%) BPSS Clearance
6 6 (1.03%) CISSP
7 3 (0.51%) CISA
7 3 (0.51%) CRISC
8 1 (0.17%) CCNP
8 1 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.17%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.17%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 1 (0.17%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.17%) MCTS
8 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (5.13%) QA
2 16 (2.74%) Data Quality
2 16 (2.74%) SLA
3 8 (1.37%) NCSC
4 7 (1.20%) GDPR
5 3 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.51%) NIST
5 3 (0.51%) NIST 800
5 3 (0.51%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.17%) Accessibility
6 1 (0.17%) IFRS
6 1 (0.17%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 167 (28.55%) Docker
2 42 (7.18%) VMware Infrastructure
3 41 (7.01%) Active Directory
4 10 (1.71%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 8 (1.37%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (0.85%) Oracle RAC
6 5 (0.85%) Xen
7 3 (0.51%) Postfix
7 3 (0.51%) Virtual Desktop
7 3 (0.51%) vSphere
8 2 (0.34%) Squid
9 1 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.17%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 259 (44.27%) Terraform
2 112 (19.15%) Ansible
3 92 (15.73%) Kubernetes
4 62 (10.60%) Prometheus
5 44 (7.52%) Puppet
6 26 (4.44%) Packer
7 25 (4.27%) Opscode Chef
8 22 (3.76%) Grafana
9 10 (1.71%) Istio
9 10 (1.71%) ZABBIX
10 9 (1.54%) Consul
10 9 (1.54%) HAProxy
11 8 (1.37%) Docker Swarm
11 8 (1.37%) Graphite
11 8 (1.37%) Kibana
11 8 (1.37%) linkerd
12 7 (1.20%) logstash
13 4 (0.68%) Salt
14 3 (0.51%) Active Directory Federation Services
14 3 (0.51%) Icinga
Vendors
1 49 (8.38%) Splunk
2 45 (7.69%) Oracle
2 45 (7.69%) VMware
3 32 (5.47%) Microsoft
4 22 (3.76%) Google
5 15 (2.56%) Atlassian
6 13 (2.22%) CA
6 13 (2.22%) PagerDuty
6 13 (2.22%) Red Hat
7 11 (1.88%) New Relic
7 11 (1.88%) SolarWinds
8 10 (1.71%) Salesforce.com
8 10 (1.71%) SAP
9 8 (1.37%) AppDynamics
9 8 (1.37%) Cloudera
9 8 (1.37%) Informatica
10 6 (1.03%) CloudEndure
10 6 (1.03%) MuleSoft
10 6 (1.03%) WSO2
11 5 (0.85%) IBM