Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Amazon EC2 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 326 225 266
Rank change year-on-year -101 +41 +59
Contract jobs citing Amazon EC2 424 373 889
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.74% 1.14% 1.06%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.11% 3.66% 3.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 327 316 558
10th Percentile £425 £433 £413
25th Percentile £459 £500 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £609 £638 £613
90th Percentile £700 £763 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £550 £525
% change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 2
Median hourly rate - - £31.25
UK median hourly rate - - £31.25

Amazon EC2 is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 20,100 10,195 24,389
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.16% 31.22% 29.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,443 7,319 17,041
10th Percentile £325 £313 £313
25th Percentile £419 £413 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £613 £600 £588
90th Percentile £699 £688 £663
UK median daily rate £518 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +3.60% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 339 143 297
10th Percentile £11.55 £13.68 £12.74
25th Percentile £14.00 £16.63 £15.25
Median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year - -4.76% +10.53%
75th Percentile £40.30 £38.40 £40.00
90th Percentile £65.05 £54.75 £60.50
UK median hourly rate £21.03 £20.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year +5.13% -2.44% +17.14%

Amazon EC2
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Amazon EC2 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Amazon EC2 in England

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2 in England.

Daily rate trend for Amazon EC2 in England

Amazon EC2
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Amazon EC2 in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Amazon EC2 in England

Amazon EC2
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2 in England.

Hourly rate trend for Amazon EC2 in England

Amazon EC2
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -89 283 £528 -4.09% 83
North of England -48 46 £510 -15.00% 52
North West -18 28 £500 +19.05% 37
South West -30 23 £498 -5.14% 11
Midlands -25 20 £475 +11.76% 16
West Midlands - 19 £475 - 12
South East -57 18 £568 +13.50% 18
Yorkshire -40 11 £525 -14.29% 11
East of England -6 10 £450 +7.46% 19
North East -17 7 £525 -40.00% 4
East Midlands -17 1 £586 +37.88% 3
Amazon EC2
UK

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Amazon EC2 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Amazon EC2.

1 418 (98.58%) AWS
2 248 (58.49%) Amazon S3
3 226 (53.30%) Serverless
4 223 (52.59%) AWS Lambda
5 205 (48.35%) Python
6 173 (40.80%) DevOps
7 167 (39.39%) Agile Software Development
8 162 (38.21%) Java
9 147 (34.67%) Terraform
10 121 (28.54%) Docker
11 112 (26.42%) AWS CloudFormation
12 110 (25.94%) Amazon RDS
12 110 (25.94%) Amazon ECS
13 98 (23.11%) SQL
14 90 (21.23%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 87 (20.52%) Route 53
16 86 (20.28%) Web Services
17 84 (19.81%) Linux
17 84 (19.81%) Jenkins
18 83 (19.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 82 (19.34%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 78 (18.40%) Microservices
21 76 (17.92%) Git (software)
21 76 (17.92%) Amazon EKS
22 75 (17.69%) Amazon SQS
22 75 (17.69%) Software Engineering
23 74 (17.45%) React
23 74 (17.45%) Ansible
24 73 (17.22%) Azure
25 72 (16.98%) JavaScript

Amazon EC2
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (9.20%) Apache Spark
2 32 (7.55%) Elasticsearch
3 25 (5.90%) Apache
4 24 (5.66%) Apache Airflow
5 19 (4.48%) Confluence
6 14 (3.30%) nginx
7 13 (3.07%) Tomcat
8 9 (2.12%) Luigi
9 7 (1.65%) IIS
9 7 (1.65%) Jetty
9 7 (1.65%) Mongrel
9 7 (1.65%) WebSphere
10 6 (1.42%) Oracle Workflow
10 6 (1.42%) SharePoint
11 5 (1.18%) Apache Pig
12 4 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
13 3 (0.71%) Jupyter
13 3 (0.71%) SAS
13 3 (0.71%) WebLogic
14 2 (0.47%) OpenStack
Applications
1 5 (1.18%) Spreadsheet
2 3 (0.71%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.47%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 2 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (0.47%) SAP S/4HANA
2 1 (0.24%) BusinessWorks
2 1 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 418 (98.58%) AWS
2 248 (58.49%) Amazon S3
3 226 (53.30%) Serverless
4 223 (52.59%) AWS Lambda
5 112 (26.42%) AWS CloudFormation
6 110 (25.94%) Amazon ECS
7 90 (21.23%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 87 (20.52%) Route 53
9 82 (19.34%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 76 (17.92%) Amazon EKS
11 75 (17.69%) Amazon SQS
12 73 (17.22%) Azure
13 49 (11.56%) Amazon EMR
14 44 (10.38%) GitHub
15 37 (8.73%) Amazon ELB
16 35 (8.25%) GCP
17 27 (6.37%) IaaS
18 26 (6.13%) CloudFront
19 23 (5.42%) AWS Direct Connect
20 22 (5.19%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 40 (9.43%) DNS
2 15 (3.54%) SSL
3 14 (3.30%) DHCP
4 10 (2.36%) Firewall
4 10 (2.36%) Internet
4 10 (2.36%) TCP/IP
5 9 (2.12%) HTTP
5 9 (2.12%) VPN
6 8 (1.89%) IPsec
7 7 (1.65%) FTP
7 7 (1.65%) Network Security
8 6 (1.42%) VoIP
9 4 (0.94%) DSL
10 3 (0.71%) BGP
10 3 (0.71%) OSPF
10 3 (0.71%) Remote Desktop
11 1 (0.24%) HTTPS
11 1 (0.24%) IPv6
11 1 (0.24%) OpenLDAP
11 1 (0.24%) RTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 110 (25.94%) Amazon RDS
2 83 (19.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 51 (12.03%) PostgreSQL
4 35 (8.25%) Hadoop
5 34 (8.02%) SQL Server
6 29 (6.84%) Amazon Redshift
6 29 (6.84%) MySQL
7 28 (6.60%) NoSQL
8 27 (6.37%) Big Data
9 24 (5.66%) Amazon Athena
9 24 (5.66%) Relational Database
10 21 (4.95%) Data Warehouse
11 19 (4.48%) Oracle Database
12 14 (3.30%) MongoDB
13 10 (2.36%) Apache Ignite
13 10 (2.36%) BigQuery
13 10 (2.36%) Metadata
13 10 (2.36%) Tableau
14 9 (2.12%) RDBMS
15 8 (1.89%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 84 (19.81%) Jenkins
2 76 (17.92%) Git (software)
3 29 (6.84%) GitLab
3 29 (6.84%) JIRA
4 23 (5.42%) JUnit
5 19 (4.48%) webpack
6 17 (4.01%) Maven
7 15 (3.54%) Bitbucket
8 14 (3.30%) Cucumber
8 14 (3.30%) Mockito
9 10 (2.36%) Selenium
9 10 (2.36%) SonarQube
10 8 (1.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 7 (1.65%) CircleCI
11 7 (1.65%) Cypress.io
11 7 (1.65%) Travis CI
12 6 (1.42%) Visual Studio
13 5 (1.18%) Oracle APEX
14 4 (0.94%) DbUnit
14 4 (0.94%) jMock
General
1 71 (16.75%) Finance
2 69 (16.27%) Social Skills
3 33 (7.78%) Front Office
4 32 (7.55%) Public Sector
5 12 (2.83%) Law
6 7 (1.65%) Retail
7 6 (1.42%) Analytical Skills
8 4 (0.94%) Avionics
9 3 (0.71%) Billing
9 3 (0.71%) Financial Institution
9 3 (0.71%) Legal
10 2 (0.47%) Banking
10 2 (0.47%) Presentation Skills
11 1 (0.24%) Hebrew Language
11 1 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 143 (33.73%) AWS Engineer
2 124 (29.25%) Developer
3 93 (21.93%) DevOps Engineer
4 55 (12.97%) AWS DevOps
5 54 (12.74%) Software Engineer
6 52 (12.26%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 52 (12.26%) Python Engineer
7 45 (10.61%) Java Developer
8 43 (10.14%) Python Developer
9 41 (9.67%) Python Software Engineer
10 38 (8.96%) AWS Developer
11 34 (8.02%) Data Engineer
12 33 (7.78%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 32 (7.55%) Cloud Engineer
14 30 (7.08%) Architect
15 29 (6.84%) Platform Engineer
16 28 (6.60%) JavaScript Developer
17 23 (5.42%) JavaScript Engineer
18 21 (4.95%) AWS Architect
19 15 (3.54%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 86 (20.28%) Web Services
2 74 (17.45%) React
3 52 (12.26%) AngularJS
4 40 (9.43%) .NET
4 40 (9.43%) Spring
5 33 (7.78%) Node.js
5 33 (7.78%) RESTful
5 33 (7.78%) Vue.js
6 29 (6.84%) JSON
6 29 (6.84%) Kafka
6 29 (6.84%) REST
7 25 (5.90%) CSS
8 22 (5.19%) Elastic Stack
9 18 (4.25%) Spring Boot
10 17 (4.01%) GraphQL
11 16 (3.77%) gRPC
11 16 (3.77%) YAML
12 13 (3.07%) LitElement
12 13 (3.07%) SOAP
13 11 (2.59%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 33 (7.78%) Derivative
1 33 (7.78%) Equities
1 33 (7.78%) Fixed Income
1 33 (7.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 16 (3.77%) Cloud Native
3 13 (3.07%) Data Protection Act
3 13 (3.07%) Management Information System
3 13 (3.07%) PKI
4 12 (2.83%) Public Cloud
5 10 (2.36%) Legacy Applications
6 9 (2.12%) Data Structures
7 8 (1.89%) Data Centre
7 8 (1.89%) Linux Command Line
8 7 (1.65%) Life Science
9 6 (1.42%) Greenfield Project
10 5 (1.18%) NHS
11 4 (0.94%) Replication
11 4 (0.94%) Self-Motivation
12 3 (0.71%) Hybrid Cloud
13 2 (0.47%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 84 (19.81%) Linux
2 48 (11.32%) Windows
3 14 (3.30%) Unix
4 13 (3.07%) Windows Server
5 9 (2.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (1.65%) Ubuntu
7 4 (0.94%) Debian
7 4 (0.94%) VMS
8 2 (0.47%) CentOS
9 1 (0.24%) CoreOS
9 1 (0.24%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2016
9 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 173 (40.80%) DevOps
2 167 (39.39%) Agile Software Development
3 78 (18.40%) Microservices
4 75 (17.69%) Software Engineering
5 62 (14.62%) Infrastructure as Code
6 53 (12.50%) Full Stack Development
7 41 (9.67%) Analytics
8 37 (8.73%) Continuous Integration
9 36 (8.49%) Asset Management
10 32 (7.55%) Migration
11 30 (7.08%) Configuration Management
12 28 (6.60%) TDD
13 27 (6.37%) Data Pipeline
13 27 (6.37%) ETL
14 26 (6.13%) Open Source
15 23 (5.42%) Project Management
16 22 (5.19%) Scrum
17 19 (4.48%) ITIL
17 19 (4.48%) Validation
17 19 (4.48%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 205 (48.35%) Python
2 162 (38.21%) Java
3 98 (23.11%) SQL
4 72 (16.98%) JavaScript
5 46 (10.85%) TypeScript
6 34 (8.02%) Kotlin
7 31 (7.31%) PowerShell
8 27 (6.37%) Bash Shell
9 26 (6.13%) C#
10 22 (5.19%) Scala
11 14 (3.30%) Java 8
12 13 (3.07%) PHP
12 13 (3.07%) Shell Script
13 12 (2.83%) C++
14 9 (2.12%) Perl
15 7 (1.65%) Go
16 6 (1.42%) ES6
16 6 (1.42%) PL/SQL
16 6 (1.42%) T-SQL
17 4 (0.94%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 52 (12.26%) Security Cleared
2 51 (12.03%) SC Cleared
3 37 (8.73%) AWS Certification
4 26 (6.13%) Degree
5 14 (3.30%) Computer Science Degree
6 7 (1.65%) CISSP
7 4 (0.94%) CISA
8 3 (0.71%) CISM
8 3 (0.71%) CRISC
8 3 (0.71%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.24%) CCNP
9 1 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.24%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.24%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 1 (0.24%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (5.19%) QA
2 14 (3.30%) Data Quality
3 5 (1.18%) SLA
4 4 (0.94%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.94%) PCI DSS
5 3 (0.71%) Cyber Essentials
5 3 (0.71%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 2 (0.47%) GDPR
7 1 (0.24%) Accessibility
System Software
1 121 (28.54%) Docker
2 28 (6.60%) VMware Infrastructure
3 24 (5.66%) Active Directory
4 7 (1.65%) Xen
5 4 (0.94%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.71%) Postfix
6 3 (0.71%) Virtual Desktop
6 3 (0.71%) VirtualBox
6 3 (0.71%) vSphere
7 2 (0.47%) HDFS
7 2 (0.47%) Squid
7 2 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.24%) GlusterFS
8 1 (0.24%) Kamailio
8 1 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 147 (34.67%) Terraform
2 74 (17.45%) Ansible
3 70 (16.51%) Kubernetes
4 39 (9.20%) Puppet
5 27 (6.37%) Prometheus
6 25 (5.90%) Opscode Chef
7 14 (3.30%) Grafana
8 12 (2.83%) Packer
9 4 (0.94%) Kibana
9 4 (0.94%) logstash
9 4 (0.94%) Nagios
10 3 (0.71%) ZABBIX
11 2 (0.47%) Ambari
11 2 (0.47%) Hadoop YARN
11 2 (0.47%) Istio
11 2 (0.47%) Microsoft Intune
11 2 (0.47%) Oozie
11 2 (0.47%) Salt
12 1 (0.24%) Active Directory Federation Services
12 1 (0.24%) Consul
Vendors
1 34 (8.02%) Oracle
2 31 (7.31%) VMware
3 25 (5.90%) Google
3 25 (5.90%) Microsoft
4 19 (4.48%) Splunk
5 15 (3.54%) New Relic
6 12 (2.83%) Atlassian
6 12 (2.83%) SolarWinds
7 11 (2.59%) CA
8 10 (2.36%) SAP
9 9 (2.12%) Cloudera
9 9 (2.12%) Salesforce.com
10 7 (1.65%) Informatica
10 7 (1.65%) Red Hat
11 6 (1.42%) WSO2
12 5 (1.18%) AppDynamics
12 5 (1.18%) MuleSoft
13 4 (0.94%) Databricks
13 4 (0.94%) Infoblox
13 4 (0.94%) Palo Alto