Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 491 331 400
Rank change year-on-year -160 +69 +79
Contract jobs citing PhD 78 37 178
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.22% 0.27% 0.49%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.43% 1.33% 3.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 48 23 146
10th Percentile £425 £347 £438
25th Percentile £591 £444 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £725 £600 £613
Median % change year-on-year +20.83% -2.04% -1.01%
75th Percentile £800 £713 £673
90th Percentile £825 £790 £819
England median daily rate £670 £500 £600
% change year-on-year +34.00% -16.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 6 4
10th Percentile £43.65 £30.25 £19.39
25th Percentile £47.63 £34.94 £20.36
Median hourly rate £55.50 £39.75 £37.50
Median % change year-on-year +39.62% +6.00% -14.77%
75th Percentile £114.88 £45.81 £53.75
90th Percentile £149.75 £46.00 "
England median hourly rate £48.75 £45.00 £52.50
% change year-on-year +8.33% -14.29% +19.32%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 5,471 2,778 5,932
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 15.31% 19.96% 16.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,641 1,999 4,108
10th Percentile £350 £315 £308
25th Percentile £438 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £545 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +9.00% - -
75th Percentile £638 £588 £600
90th Percentile £725 £663 £700
England median daily rate £500 £483 £470
% change year-on-year +3.57% +2.71% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 90 30 96
10th Percentile £14.95 £17.69 £12.75
25th Percentile £20.27 £26.06 £19.81
Median hourly rate £36.25 £36.75 £28.25
Median % change year-on-year -1.36% +30.09% +31.40%
75th Percentile £51.88 £44.88 £48.94
90th Percentile £60.28 £53.88 £52.50
England median hourly rate £32.50 £31.61 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.82% -20.98% +74.44%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PhD in London.

Daily rate trend for PhD in London

PhD
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PhD in London.

Hourly rate trend for PhD in London

PhD
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -50 13 £675 - 14
West London -14 2 - - 7
East London - 1 - - 2
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 48 (61.54%) Finance
2 43 (55.13%) Degree
3 41 (52.56%) Python
4 28 (35.90%) Mathematics
4 28 (35.90%) Analytics
5 25 (32.05%) Azure
6 22 (28.21%) AWS
6 22 (28.21%) Software Engineering
6 22 (28.21%) Algorithms
7 21 (26.92%) Git (software)
8 20 (25.64%) Physics
8 20 (25.64%) GCP
8 20 (25.64%) Data Science
8 20 (25.64%) Social Skills
9 18 (23.08%) The Twelve-Factor App
9 18 (23.08%) Data Munging
9 18 (23.08%) Coaching
9 18 (23.08%) Data Engineering
9 18 (23.08%) Test Automation
9 18 (23.08%) Data Extraction
10 17 (21.79%) Machine Learning
10 17 (21.79%) Tandem
10 17 (21.79%) Front Office
10 17 (21.79%) Azure Data Factory
10 17 (21.79%) Serverless
10 17 (21.79%) Azure Functions
11 16 (20.51%) Back Office
12 14 (17.95%) Statistics
12 14 (17.95%) Agile Software Development
13 13 (16.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 4 (5.13%) Apache Spark
2 3 (3.85%) SAS
3 1 (1.28%) Apache Pig
3 1 (1.28%) Jupyter
Business Applications
1 1 (1.28%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
1 1 (1.28%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 25 (32.05%) Azure
2 22 (28.21%) AWS
3 20 (25.64%) GCP
4 17 (21.79%) Azure Data Factory
4 17 (21.79%) Azure Functions
4 17 (21.79%) Serverless
5 3 (3.85%) Power Platform
6 1 (1.28%) Azure Machine Learning
6 1 (1.28%) Facebook Ads
6 1 (1.28%) GitHub
6 1 (1.28%) Google Analytics
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (6.41%) Big Data
2 3 (3.85%) Power BI
3 2 (2.56%) Relational Database
4 1 (1.28%) Apache Hive
4 1 (1.28%) Data Mart
4 1 (1.28%) Data Mining
4 1 (1.28%) Geospatial Data
4 1 (1.28%) Hadoop
4 1 (1.28%) Neo4j
4 1 (1.28%) RDBMS
4 1 (1.28%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 21 (26.92%) Git (software)
2 3 (3.85%) Bitbucket
2 3 (3.85%) git-flow
2 3 (3.85%) IntelliJ
2 3 (3.85%) JIRA
2 3 (3.85%) TeamCity
3 1 (1.28%) LabVIEW
3 1 (1.28%) MLflow
General
1 48 (61.54%) Finance
2 20 (25.64%) Social Skills
3 17 (21.79%) Front Office
4 16 (20.51%) Back Office
5 12 (15.38%) Banking
6 10 (12.82%) Presentation Skills
7 9 (11.54%) Investment Banking
8 6 (7.69%) Analytical Skills
9 5 (6.41%) Marketing
9 5 (6.41%) Social Science
10 2 (2.56%) Law
10 2 (2.56%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (2.56%) Public Sector
10 2 (2.56%) Retail
11 1 (1.28%) Advertising
11 1 (1.28%) Influencing Skills
11 1 (1.28%) Legal
11 1 (1.28%) Police
Job Titles
1 35 (44.87%) Developer
2 29 (37.18%) Quantitative Developer
3 17 (21.79%) Data Scientist
4 14 (17.95%) Analyst
5 13 (16.67%) Qualitative Analyst
5 13 (16.67%) Quantitative Analyst
6 8 (10.26%) C# Developer
7 7 (8.97%) Analyst Developer
7 7 (8.97%) Java Developer
7 7 (8.97%) Python Developer
7 7 (8.97%) User Researcher
8 6 (7.69%) C# Developer - Investment Banking
8 6 (7.69%) C# Quant Developer
8 6 (7.69%) Java Quantitative Developer
8 6 (7.69%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
8 6 (7.69%) Senior Data Scientist
9 4 (5.13%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 4 (5.13%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 3 (3.85%) Investment Banking Java Developer
10 3 (3.85%) Validation Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (16.67%) TensorFlow
2 10 (12.82%) Keras
3 8 (10.26%) .NET
4 7 (8.97%) NumPy
4 7 (8.97%) SciPy
5 6 (7.69%) .NET Framework
6 5 (6.41%) PyTorch
7 3 (3.85%) FIX Protocol
7 3 (3.85%) Protocol Buffers
7 3 (3.85%) REST
8 2 (2.56%) Pandas
8 2 (2.56%) scikit-learn
9 1 (1.28%) Gensim
9 1 (1.28%) Kafka
9 1 (1.28%) MXNet
9 1 (1.28%) OpenCV
9 1 (1.28%) PySpark
9 1 (1.28%) SpaCy
9 1 (1.28%) Theano
9 1 (1.28%) Velocity
Miscellaneous
1 22 (28.21%) Algorithms
2 17 (21.79%) Tandem
3 13 (16.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 9 (11.54%) Data Structures
5 6 (7.69%) Legacy Applications
6 4 (5.13%) User Experience
7 3 (3.85%) Analytical Mindset
8 2 (2.56%) Derivative
8 2 (2.56%) Fixed Income
8 2 (2.56%) Greenfield Project
8 2 (2.56%) Life Science
8 2 (2.56%) Management Information System
8 2 (2.56%) Social Media
9 1 (1.28%) Data Protection Act
9 1 (1.28%) Energy Derivatives
9 1 (1.28%) Equities
9 1 (1.28%) FMCG
9 1 (1.28%) Marketing Technology
9 1 (1.28%) Robotics
9 1 (1.28%) Swaptions
Processes & Methodologies
1 28 (35.90%) Analytics
1 28 (35.90%) Mathematics
2 22 (28.21%) Software Engineering
3 20 (25.64%) Data Science
3 20 (25.64%) Physics
4 18 (23.08%) Coaching
4 18 (23.08%) Data Engineering
4 18 (23.08%) Data Extraction
4 18 (23.08%) Data Munging
4 18 (23.08%) Test Automation
4 18 (23.08%) The Twelve-Factor App
5 17 (21.79%) Machine Learning
6 14 (17.95%) Agile Software Development
6 14 (17.95%) Statistics
7 13 (16.67%) Computer Science
8 11 (14.10%) Predictive Modelling
9 10 (12.82%) Time Series Analysis
10 9 (11.54%) Model Validation
10 9 (11.54%) Validation
11 8 (10.26%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 41 (52.56%) Python
2 10 (12.82%) C#
2 10 (12.82%) C++
3 9 (11.54%) Java
4 7 (8.97%) SQL
5 5 (6.41%) R
6 3 (3.85%) MATLAB
6 3 (3.85%) Scala
7 2 (2.56%) Julia
7 2 (2.56%) Perl
8 1 (1.28%) C
8 1 (1.28%) Haskell
8 1 (1.28%) ML
Qualifications
1 43 (55.13%) Degree
2 11 (14.10%) Numerate Degree
3 3 (3.85%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (3.85%) Master's Degree
4 1 (1.28%) SC Cleared
4 1 (1.28%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (1.28%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 2 (2.56%) Docker
Systems Management
1 3 (3.85%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 3 (3.85%) Google
2 2 (2.56%) Facebook
3 1 (1.28%) Sparx
3 1 (1.28%) Spotify