Period
to 18 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 18 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
18 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 360 374 420
Rank change year-on-year +14 +46 +52
Contract jobs citing PhD 101 49 195
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.42% 0.24% 0.48%
As % of the Qualifications category 2.41% 1.24% 2.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 56 21 139
10th Percentile £450 £313 £325
25th Percentile £539 £413 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £673 £475 £600
Median % change year-on-year +41.58% -20.83% +4.35%
75th Percentile £763 £688 £750
90th Percentile £838 £750 £825
England median daily rate £575 £500 £583
% change year-on-year +15.00% -14.16% +1.30%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 4 4
10th Percentile £22.00 " £39.18
25th Percentile £24.00 £51.25 £46.94
Median hourly rate £42.00 £52.50 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year -20.00% - +29.63%
75th Percentile £51.56 £55.31 £53.75
90th Percentile " £58.13 "
England median hourly rate £33.50 £55.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year -39.09% +10.00% +63.93%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 4,194 3,955 6,577
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 17.57% 19.45% 16.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,879 2,704 4,398
10th Percentile £327 £300 £308
25th Percentile £425 £400 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £500 £508
Median % change year-on-year +2.50% -1.48% +1.50%
75th Percentile £600 £600 £600
90th Percentile £690 £656 £691
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 65 59 95
10th Percentile £19.47 £18.00 £14.25
25th Percentile £26.65 £21.43 £18.14
Median hourly rate £37.50 £33.68 £30.00
Median % change year-on-year +11.36% +12.25% +46.34%
75th Percentile £50.00 £47.83 £47.46
90th Percentile £59.90 £52.40 £53.75
England median hourly rate £37.65 £27.50 £29.00
% change year-on-year +36.91% -5.17% +31.82%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PhD in London.

Daily rate trend for PhD in London

PhD
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PhD in London.

Hourly rate trend for PhD in London

PhD
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 18 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +43 24 £725 +52.63% 18
East London +13 1 - - 5
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 18 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 64 (63.37%) Python
2 59 (58.42%) Finance
3 38 (37.62%) Degree
4 35 (34.65%) Mathematics
5 33 (32.67%) Azure
6 31 (30.69%) Data Science
7 29 (28.71%) Agile Software Development
8 28 (27.72%) TensorFlow
9 27 (26.73%) NumPy
10 25 (24.75%) Keras
11 24 (23.76%) Physics
11 24 (23.76%) SciPy
11 24 (23.76%) Machine Learning
12 20 (19.80%) Analytics
12 20 (19.80%) Computer Science
12 20 (19.80%) ETL
12 20 (19.80%) Front Office
13 16 (15.84%) Statistics
14 15 (14.85%) Tandem
14 15 (14.85%) Coaching
15 14 (13.86%) C++
16 13 (12.87%) Artificial Intelligence
16 13 (12.87%) Analytical Skills
16 13 (12.87%) Algorithms
17 12 (11.88%) Banking
17 12 (11.88%) Software Engineering
17 12 (11.88%) C#
17 12 (11.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 11 (10.89%) SQL
18 11 (10.89%) AWS

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (7.92%) Apache Spark
2 7 (6.93%) SAS
3 2 (1.98%) Jupyter
4 1 (0.99%) Apache Airflow
4 1 (0.99%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 2 (1.98%) Blender
1 2 (1.98%) Maya
1 2 (1.98%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.99%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 1 (0.99%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 33 (32.67%) Azure
2 11 (10.89%) AWS
2 11 (10.89%) GCP
3 7 (6.93%) Power Platform
4 6 (5.94%) Azure Data Factory
4 6 (5.94%) Azure Functions
4 6 (5.94%) Serverless
5 1 (0.99%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 1 (0.99%) Amazon EC2
5 1 (0.99%) Amazon ECS
5 1 (0.99%) Amazon EMR
5 1 (0.99%) Amazon S3
5 1 (0.99%) Amazon SQS
5 1 (0.99%) AWS CloudFormation
5 1 (0.99%) AWS Fargate
5 1 (0.99%) GitHub
5 1 (0.99%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 1 (0.99%) 3GPP
1 1 (0.99%) 4G
1 1 (0.99%) 5G
1 1 (0.99%) HTTP
1 1 (0.99%) LTE
1 1 (0.99%) MIMO
1 1 (0.99%) Radio Access Network
1 1 (0.99%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (6.93%) Hadoop
1 7 (6.93%) Power BI
2 6 (5.94%) Big Data
2 6 (5.94%) Data Mining
3 5 (4.95%) Tableau
4 3 (2.97%) Apache Hive
4 3 (2.97%) SQL Server
5 2 (1.98%) Amazon Redshift
5 2 (1.98%) Data Mart
5 2 (1.98%) QlikView
5 2 (1.98%) Relational Database
6 1 (0.99%) Amazon Athena
6 1 (0.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 1 (0.99%) BigQuery
6 1 (0.99%) Neo4j
6 1 (0.99%) PolyBase
6 1 (0.99%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 10 (9.90%) Git (software)
2 1 (0.99%) Jasmine
2 1 (0.99%) Jenkins
2 1 (0.99%) Karma Test Runner
2 1 (0.99%) Moq
2 1 (0.99%) NUnit
2 1 (0.99%) webpack
General
1 59 (58.42%) Finance
2 20 (19.80%) Front Office
3 13 (12.87%) Analytical Skills
4 12 (11.88%) Banking
5 10 (9.90%) Social Skills
6 8 (7.92%) Investment Banking
6 8 (7.92%) Social Science
7 5 (4.95%) Back Office
7 5 (4.95%) Financial Institution
8 4 (3.96%) Law
8 4 (3.96%) Legal
8 4 (3.96%) Marketing
9 2 (1.98%) Games
9 2 (1.98%) Presentation Skills
10 1 (0.99%) Advertising
10 1 (0.99%) Influencing Skills
10 1 (0.99%) Retail
10 1 (0.99%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 40 (39.60%) Developer
2 32 (31.68%) Quantitative Developer
3 26 (25.74%) Data Scientist
4 25 (24.75%) Analyst
5 20 (19.80%) Qualitative Analyst
5 20 (19.80%) Quantitative Analyst
6 10 (9.90%) Energy Trading Developer
6 10 (9.90%) Python Developer
7 9 (8.91%) Senior Data Scientist
8 8 (7.92%) Analyst Developer
8 8 (7.92%) C# Developer
9 6 (5.94%) C# Developer - Investment Banking
9 6 (5.94%) C# Quant Developer
9 6 (5.94%) Lead Developer
9 6 (5.94%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
9 6 (5.94%) User Experience Researcher
10 4 (3.96%) Computer Scientist
10 4 (3.96%) Computer Vision Scientist
10 4 (3.96%) Quantitative Risk Analyst
10 4 (3.96%) Risk Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 28 (27.72%) TensorFlow
2 27 (26.73%) NumPy
3 25 (24.75%) Keras
4 24 (23.76%) SciPy
5 9 (8.91%) .NET
6 8 (7.92%) PyTorch
7 7 (6.93%) .NET Framework
7 7 (6.93%) Pandas
8 4 (3.96%) scikit-learn
9 2 (1.98%) Kafka
9 2 (1.98%) Matplotlib
9 2 (1.98%) PySpark
9 2 (1.98%) RESTful
10 1 (0.99%) .NET Core
10 1 (0.99%) AngularJS
10 1 (0.99%) Caffe
10 1 (0.99%) HTML
10 1 (0.99%) OpenCV
10 1 (0.99%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 1 (0.99%) Velocity
Miscellaneous
1 15 (14.85%) Tandem
2 13 (12.87%) Algorithms
3 12 (11.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 11 (10.89%) User Experience
5 6 (5.94%) Social Media
6 5 (4.95%) Credit Risk
6 5 (4.95%) Data Structures
7 4 (3.96%) Market Risk
8 3 (2.97%) Augmented Reality
8 3 (2.97%) FMCG
8 3 (2.97%) Greenfield Project
9 2 (1.98%) Equities
9 2 (1.98%) Fixed Income
9 2 (1.98%) Management Information System
10 1 (0.99%) Enterprise Software
10 1 (0.99%) EPoS
10 1 (0.99%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
10 1 (0.99%) NHS
10 1 (0.99%) Verilog
10 1 (0.99%) VHDL
Operating Systems
1 1 (0.99%) Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 35 (34.65%) Mathematics
2 31 (30.69%) Data Science
3 29 (28.71%) Agile Software Development
4 24 (23.76%) Machine Learning
4 24 (23.76%) Physics
5 20 (19.80%) Analytics
5 20 (19.80%) Computer Science
5 20 (19.80%) ETL
6 16 (15.84%) Statistics
7 15 (14.85%) Coaching
8 13 (12.87%) Artificial Intelligence
9 12 (11.88%) Software Engineering
10 11 (10.89%) Mentoring
11 10 (9.90%) Neural Network
11 10 (9.90%) Problem-Solving
12 9 (8.91%) Anthropology
12 9 (8.91%) Computer Vision
12 9 (8.91%) Psychology
12 9 (8.91%) Visualisation
13 8 (7.92%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 64 (63.37%) Python
2 14 (13.86%) C++
3 12 (11.88%) C#
4 11 (10.89%) SQL
5 7 (6.93%) R
6 5 (4.95%) Java
7 4 (3.96%) JavaScript
7 4 (3.96%) TypeScript
8 3 (2.97%) MATLAB
9 1 (0.99%) C
9 1 (0.99%) ES6
9 1 (0.99%) Go
9 1 (0.99%) Haskell
9 1 (0.99%) Julia
9 1 (0.99%) ML
9 1 (0.99%) Perl
9 1 (0.99%) Scala
9 1 (0.99%) VBA
Qualifications
1 38 (37.62%) Degree
2 7 (6.93%) Numerate Degree
3 6 (5.94%) Computer Science Degree
4 4 (3.96%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (3.96%) IFRS
1 4 (3.96%) IFRS 9
2 2 (1.98%) QA
Systems Management
1 2 (1.98%) Grafana
Vendors
1 2 (1.98%) Databricks
2 1 (0.99%) Cadence
2 1 (0.99%) Facebook
2 1 (0.99%) Google
2 1 (0.99%) Intel
2 1 (0.99%) SAP
2 1 (0.99%) Xilinx