Period
to 17 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 17 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
17 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 399 474 466
Rank change year-on-year +75 -8 +24
Contract jobs citing PhD 184 161 141
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.46% 0.35% 0.33%
As % of the Qualifications category 2.94% 2.14% 1.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 136 105 129
London median daily rate £625 £575 £620
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.70% -7.26% -0.80%
10th Percentile £425 £413 £475
90th Percentile £825 £800 £838
England median daily rate £605 £550 £600
% change year-on-year +10.00% -8.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 9 2
London median hourly rate £38.00 £44.00 £37.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.64% +16.56% -16.11%
10th Percentile £23.51 £31.49 £25.98
90th Percentile £51.40 £51.25 £47.33
England median hourly rate £47.50 £40.75 £27.40
% change year-on-year +16.56% +48.74% -39.12%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 6,267 7,524 7,249
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 15.66% 16.40% 16.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,084 4,847 4,748
London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £281 £300
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
England median daily rate £475 £450 £430
% change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +3.61%
Number of hourly rates quoted 108 208 155
London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.25 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +64.71% +1.19% +9.20%
10th Percentile £12.28 £14.25 £13.33
90th Percentile £60.38 £48.75 £50.00
England median hourly rate £36.00 £22.75 £29.00
% change year-on-year +58.24% -21.55% +8.26%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 17 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -2 29 £625 +8.70% 26
East London +6 9 £300 -45.45%
West London +16 5 £525 -4.55% 7
South London +32 1 £650 +62.50% 4
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 17 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 146 (79.35%) Python
2 126 (68.48%) Data Science
3 120 (65.22%) Machine Learning
4 79 (42.93%) Mathematics
5 75 (40.76%) Computer Science
6 73 (39.67%) Artificial Intelligence
7 68 (36.96%) Degree
8 66 (35.87%) Statistics
8 66 (35.87%) C++
9 65 (35.33%) Finance
10 63 (34.24%) Natural Language Processing
11 55 (29.89%) Analytics
12 51 (27.72%) Algorithms
13 49 (26.63%) R
14 45 (24.46%) Java
15 41 (22.28%) SQL
16 39 (21.20%) Visualisation
17 38 (20.65%) Deep Learning
18 37 (20.11%) Apache Spark
18 37 (20.11%) Computer Vision
19 36 (19.57%) Big Data
20 32 (17.39%) Software Engineering
21 27 (14.67%) Banking
22 25 (13.59%) Google Cloud Platform
23 24 (13.04%) TensorFlow
24 23 (12.50%) Data Analytics
25 22 (11.96%) Scala
26 21 (11.41%) Analytical Skills
27 20 (10.87%) Master's Degree
27 20 (10.87%) Amazon AWS

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (20.11%) Apache Spark
2 7 (3.80%) SAS
3 6 (3.26%) BizTalk Server
4 5 (2.72%) Apache
5 4 (2.17%) Cloud Foundry
5 4 (2.17%) Jupyter
6 1 (0.54%) Apache Pig
6 1 (0.54%) Ethereum
Applications
1 2 (1.09%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.54%) Stata
Business Applications
1 4 (2.17%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.54%) Quorum
Cloud Services
1 25 (13.59%) Google Cloud Platform
2 20 (10.87%) Amazon AWS
3 19 (10.33%) Microsoft Azure
4 11 (5.98%) Power Platform
5 6 (3.26%) Cloud Computing
6 4 (2.17%) AWS CloudFormation
7 3 (1.63%) Amazon Neptune
7 3 (1.63%) Azure Data Factory
7 3 (1.63%) Azure Stack
8 2 (1.09%) AWS Lambda
8 2 (1.09%) Azure Active Directory
8 2 (1.09%) Mimecast
8 2 (1.09%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 9 (4.89%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 36 (19.57%) Big Data
2 18 (9.78%) Hadoop
3 14 (7.61%) Data Mining
4 11 (5.98%) Power BI
5 10 (5.43%) QlikView
5 10 (5.43%) Text Mining
6 8 (4.35%) NoSQL
6 8 (4.35%) Triplestore
7 7 (3.80%) BusinessObjects
7 7 (3.80%) Data Warehouse
7 7 (3.80%) PostgreSQL
8 6 (3.26%) BigQuery
9 5 (2.72%) Apache Hive
10 4 (2.17%) Data Lake
11 3 (1.63%) HBase
11 3 (1.63%) MongoDB
11 3 (1.63%) Pentaho
11 3 (1.63%) SQL Server
12 2 (1.09%) CouchDB
12 2 (1.09%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 6 (3.26%) Git (software)
2 4 (2.17%) Artifactory
2 4 (2.17%) Cobertura
2 4 (2.17%) Gradle
2 4 (2.17%) Jenkins
2 4 (2.17%) Metasploit
2 4 (2.17%) Snyk
2 4 (2.17%) SonarQube
3 2 (1.09%) ERwin
General
1 65 (35.33%) Finance
2 27 (14.67%) Banking
3 19 (10.33%) Front Office
4 15 (8.15%) Investment Banking
5 14 (7.61%) Advertising
6 11 (5.98%) Marketing
6 11 (5.98%) Retail
7 8 (4.35%) Legal
8 6 (3.26%) Retail Banking
9 4 (2.17%) Financial Institution
9 4 (2.17%) Manufacturing
10 3 (1.63%) Aerospace
10 3 (1.63%) Automotive
10 3 (1.63%) Telecoms
11 2 (1.09%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.54%) Electronics
12 1 (0.54%) Publishing
12 1 (0.54%) Social Science
Job Titles
1 98 (53.26%) Data Scientist
2 17 (9.24%) Senior Data Scientist
3 15 (8.15%) Developer
4 14 (7.61%) Analyst
5 11 (5.98%) Computer Scientist
5 11 (5.98%) Computer Vision Scientist
6 10 (5.43%) Quantitative Developer
7 9 (4.89%) Qualitative Analyst
7 9 (4.89%) Quantitative Analyst
8 8 (4.35%) C++ Developer
9 7 (3.80%) C++ Quantitative Developer
10 6 (3.26%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
10 6 (3.26%) Machine Learning Engineer
10 6 (3.26%) Python Developer
11 5 (2.72%) C# Developer
11 5 (2.72%) C# Developer - Investment Banking
11 5 (2.72%) C# Quant Developer
11 5 (2.72%) C++/C# Developer
11 5 (2.72%) Data Engineer
11 5 (2.72%) Machine Learning Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 63 (34.24%) Natural Language Processing
2 24 (13.04%) TensorFlow
3 10 (5.43%) Pandas
4 9 (4.89%) Caffe
4 9 (4.89%) Keras
5 6 (3.26%) .NET
5 6 (3.26%) JSON
5 6 (3.26%) OpenCV
6 5 (2.72%) JSON-LD
6 5 (2.72%) NumPy
6 5 (2.72%) PySpark
7 4 (2.17%) boto
7 4 (2.17%) Kafka
7 4 (2.17%) OAuth
7 4 (2.17%) OpenID
7 4 (2.17%) SAML
8 3 (1.63%) D3.js
8 3 (1.63%) SciPy
8 3 (1.63%) Torch
9 2 (1.09%) Theano
Miscellaneous
1 51 (27.72%) Algorithms
2 21 (11.41%) Analytical Skills
3 9 (4.89%) Credit Risk
3 9 (4.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 9 (4.89%) User Experience
4 8 (4.35%) Data Protection Act
5 7 (3.80%) Greenfield Project
6 6 (3.26%) FMCG
6 6 (3.26%) Internet of Things
6 6 (3.26%) Market Risk
6 6 (3.26%) Semantic Web
7 5 (2.72%) Data Structures
7 5 (2.72%) Derivative
8 4 (2.17%) Data Centre
8 4 (2.17%) Hedge funds
8 4 (2.17%) Marketing Technology
8 4 (2.17%) PKI
8 4 (2.17%) Public Cloud
9 2 (1.09%) Management Information System
9 2 (1.09%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 14 (7.61%) Linux
2 6 (3.26%) Solaris
3 4 (2.17%) Kali Linux
3 4 (2.17%) Unix
4 3 (1.63%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 126 (68.48%) Data Science
2 120 (65.22%) Machine Learning
3 79 (42.93%) Mathematics
4 75 (40.76%) Computer Science
5 73 (39.67%) Artificial Intelligence
6 66 (35.87%) Statistics
7 55 (29.89%) Analytics
8 39 (21.20%) Visualisation
9 38 (20.65%) Deep Learning
10 37 (20.11%) Computer Vision
11 32 (17.39%) Software Engineering
12 23 (12.50%) Data Analytics
13 19 (10.33%) Physics
14 17 (9.24%) Data Visualisation
15 16 (8.70%) Neural Network
16 15 (8.15%) Data Analysis
17 13 (7.07%) Agile Software Development
17 13 (7.07%) Open Source
17 13 (7.07%) Validation
18 11 (5.98%) Predictive Analytics
Programming Languages
1 146 (79.35%) Python
2 66 (35.87%) C++
3 49 (26.63%) R
4 45 (24.46%) Java
5 41 (22.28%) SQL
6 22 (11.96%) Scala
7 13 (7.07%) C#
8 6 (3.26%) C
8 6 (3.26%) MATLAB
9 5 (2.72%) SHACL
9 5 (2.72%) SPARQL
10 4 (2.17%) Go
10 4 (2.17%) JavaScript
10 4 (2.17%) PL/SQL
11 3 (1.63%) Gremlin
11 3 (1.63%) Perl
12 2 (1.09%) F#
12 2 (1.09%) Haskell
12 2 (1.09%) ML
12 2 (1.09%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 68 (36.96%) Degree
2 20 (10.87%) Master's Degree
3 6 (3.26%) Computer Science Degree
4 5 (2.72%) SC Cleared
4 5 (2.72%) Security Cleared
5 2 (1.09%) CISA
5 2 (1.09%) CISM
5 2 (1.09%) CISSP
5 2 (1.09%) GCFA
5 2 (1.09%) GCIH
6 1 (0.54%) HND
6 1 (0.54%) MBA
6 1 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (1.09%) Data Quality
1 2 (1.09%) QA
2 1 (0.54%) Basel III
2 1 (0.54%) CRD IV
System Software
1 6 (3.26%) Docker
2 3 (1.63%) Apache Flume
3 2 (1.09%) Active Directory
3 2 (1.09%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 6 (3.26%) Kubernetes
2 4 (2.17%) Mesos
2 4 (2.17%) Nessus
2 4 (2.17%) Nmap
2 4 (2.17%) Opscode Chef
2 4 (2.17%) Puppet
2 4 (2.17%) Rancher
2 4 (2.17%) Sysdig
3 3 (1.63%) Kibana
4 2 (1.09%) CASB
5 1 (0.54%) Ambari
5 1 (0.54%) Oozie
Vendors
1 17 (9.24%) Tableau
2 10 (5.43%) Microsoft
3 7 (3.80%) Google
4 6 (3.26%) Hortonworks
5 4 (2.17%) Oracle
5 4 (2.17%) Qualys
6 3 (1.63%) Cognos
6 3 (1.63%) MapR
7 2 (1.09%) Darktrace
7 2 (1.09%) EXASOL
7 2 (1.09%) Thycotic
8 1 (0.54%) Ab Initio
8 1 (0.54%) Alteryx
8 1 (0.54%) Informatica
8 1 (0.54%) Murex
8 1 (0.54%) Talend