Period
to 20 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 20 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
20 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 388 422 439
Rank change year-on-year +34 +17 -15
Contract jobs citing PhD 114 199 191
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.40% 0.45% 0.41%
As % of the Qualifications category 2.20% 2.77% 2.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 70 136 154
London median daily rate £600 £600 £625
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -4.00% +0.81%
10th Percentile £371 £325 £454
90th Percentile £764 £850 £809
England median daily rate £595 £581 £620
% change year-on-year +2.37% -6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 7 3
London median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% - +28.53%
10th Percentile £35.00 £41.00 £35.30
90th Percentile £56.88 £53.75 £77.50
England median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% - +36.36%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 5,181 7,180 8,123
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 18.13% 16.29% 17.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,476 4,596 5,382
London median daily rate £500 £500 £496
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +0.81% +7.83%
10th Percentile £300 £279 £258
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
England median daily rate £473 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 103 158 205
London median hourly rate £35.00 £29.50 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.64% +31.11% +2.27%
10th Percentile £19.00 £12.85 £14.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £52.45
England median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% +20.00% -9.09%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 20 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 20 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 20 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +49 27 £600 -4.00% 32
West London +25 4 - - 13
East London +41 3 £170 -54.67% 8
South London - 2 £375 - 4
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 20 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 88 (77.19%) Python
2 86 (75.44%) Machine Learning
2 86 (75.44%) Data Science
3 73 (64.04%) Computer Science
4 54 (47.37%) Mathematics
5 53 (46.49%) Algorithms
6 51 (44.74%) Statistics
7 42 (36.84%) Artificial Intelligence
8 37 (32.46%) Natural Language Processing
9 31 (27.19%) Analytics
9 31 (27.19%) Degree
9 31 (27.19%) SQL
10 29 (25.44%) Analytical Skills
11 28 (24.56%) Deep Learning
11 28 (24.56%) Agile Software Development
12 27 (23.68%) C++
13 25 (21.93%) Java
14 24 (21.05%) Big Data
14 24 (21.05%) Finance
15 23 (20.18%) Statistical Modelling
15 23 (20.18%) Open Source
15 23 (20.18%) TensorFlow
15 23 (20.18%) Apache Spark
16 19 (16.67%) Computer Vision
16 19 (16.67%) Physics
17 18 (15.79%) Visualisation
18 16 (14.04%) R
19 14 (12.28%) AWS
19 14 (12.28%) Microservices
20 13 (11.40%) Pandas

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (20.18%) Apache Spark
2 6 (5.26%) DNN
2 6 (5.26%) Elasticsearch
3 2 (1.75%) Apache Airflow
3 2 (1.75%) Apache Pig
3 2 (1.75%) SAS
4 1 (0.88%) SharePoint
Applications
1 3 (2.63%) Chatbot
2 2 (1.75%) GNU Octave
3 1 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.88%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.88%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.88%) SPSS
3 1 (0.88%) Stata
Cloud Services
1 14 (12.28%) AWS
2 10 (8.77%) Azure
2 10 (8.77%) GCP
3 6 (5.26%) Power Platform
4 2 (1.75%) Amazon S3
4 2 (1.75%) Azure LUIS
5 1 (0.88%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 4 (3.51%) Wi-Fi
2 2 (1.75%) DVB
3 1 (0.88%) RS-485
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (21.05%) Big Data
2 12 (10.53%) NoSQL
3 11 (9.65%) Data Mining
3 11 (9.65%) Hadoop
4 6 (5.26%) Flink
4 6 (5.26%) PostgreSQL
4 6 (5.26%) Power BI
5 4 (3.51%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 4 (3.51%) Apache Hive
5 4 (3.51%) SQL Server
6 3 (2.63%) MongoDB
6 3 (2.63%) Relational Database
6 3 (2.63%) Text Mining
7 2 (1.75%) Amazon Redshift
7 2 (1.75%) Blockchain
7 2 (1.75%) Redis
8 1 (0.88%) Apache Cassandra
8 1 (0.88%) Electronic Patient Records
8 1 (0.88%) HBase
8 1 (0.88%) Impala
Development Applications
1 1 (0.88%) Git (software)
General
1 24 (21.05%) Finance
2 6 (5.26%) Banking
2 6 (5.26%) Front Office
3 5 (4.39%) Advertising
4 4 (3.51%) Telecoms
5 3 (2.63%) Electronics
5 3 (2.63%) Social Science
6 2 (1.75%) Automotive
6 2 (1.75%) Investment Banking
6 2 (1.75%) Law
6 2 (1.75%) Legal
6 2 (1.75%) Marketing
7 1 (0.88%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.88%) International Banking
7 1 (0.88%) Pharmaceutical
7 1 (0.88%) Publishing
7 1 (0.88%) Retail
7 1 (0.88%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 77 (67.54%) Data Scientist
2 25 (21.93%) Senior Data Scientist
3 13 (11.40%) Machine Learning Scientist
4 6 (5.26%) Developer
5 5 (4.39%) Analyst
5 5 (4.39%) Quantitative Developer
5 5 (4.39%) Software Engineer
6 4 (3.51%) Data Science Expert
7 3 (2.63%) Consultant
7 3 (2.63%) Qualitative Analyst
7 3 (2.63%) Quantitative Analyst
7 3 (2.63%) Senior Software Engineer
8 2 (1.75%) DTV Engineer
8 2 (1.75%) Junior
8 2 (1.75%) Quantitative Risk Analyst
8 2 (1.75%) Risk Analyst
8 2 (1.75%) Senior Analyst
8 2 (1.75%) Senior Quantitative Analyst
8 2 (1.75%) Technical Consultant
9 1 (0.88%) Embedded Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (32.46%) Natural Language Processing
2 23 (20.18%) TensorFlow
3 13 (11.40%) Pandas
3 13 (11.40%) scikit-learn
4 10 (8.77%) Keras
4 10 (8.77%) PyTorch
5 9 (7.89%) SciPy
6 8 (7.02%) MLlib
7 7 (6.14%) OpenNLP
8 6 (5.26%) D3.js
8 6 (5.26%) Samza
9 5 (4.39%) NumPy
9 5 (4.39%) SpaCy
10 4 (3.51%) PySpark
11 3 (2.63%) Kafka
12 2 (1.75%) Node.js
13 1 (0.88%) JSON
13 1 (0.88%) OpenCV
13 1 (0.88%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 53 (46.49%) Algorithms
2 29 (25.44%) Analytical Skills
3 8 (7.02%) User Experience
4 6 (5.26%) Data Structures
5 4 (3.51%) Derivative
6 3 (2.63%) Embedded Systems
6 3 (2.63%) Greenfield Project
6 3 (2.63%) Market Risk
6 3 (2.63%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (1.75%) Clustering
7 2 (1.75%) Credit Risk
7 2 (1.75%) CUDA
7 2 (1.75%) Digital TV
7 2 (1.75%) Interactive TV
7 2 (1.75%) IPTV
7 2 (1.75%) Renewable Energy
7 2 (1.75%) Robotics
7 2 (1.75%) Video\Live Streaming
8 1 (0.88%) Verilog
8 1 (0.88%) VHDL
Operating Systems
1 5 (4.39%) Linux
2 2 (1.75%) Android
2 2 (1.75%) Apple iOS
2 2 (1.75%) Embedded Linux
2 2 (1.75%) Unix
3 1 (0.88%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 86 (75.44%) Data Science
1 86 (75.44%) Machine Learning
2 73 (64.04%) Computer Science
3 54 (47.37%) Mathematics
4 51 (44.74%) Statistics
5 42 (36.84%) Artificial Intelligence
6 31 (27.19%) Analytics
7 28 (24.56%) Agile Software Development
7 28 (24.56%) Deep Learning
8 23 (20.18%) Open Source
8 23 (20.18%) Statistical Modelling
9 19 (16.67%) Computer Vision
9 19 (16.67%) Physics
10 18 (15.79%) Visualisation
11 14 (12.28%) Microservices
12 13 (11.40%) Software Engineering
13 12 (10.53%) Data Analysis
13 12 (10.53%) Neural Network
14 11 (9.65%) Predictive Modelling
14 11 (9.65%) Statistical Analysis
Programming Languages
1 88 (77.19%) Python
2 31 (27.19%) SQL
3 27 (23.68%) C++
4 25 (21.93%) Java
5 16 (14.04%) R
6 13 (11.40%) Scala
7 10 (8.77%) MATLAB
8 4 (3.51%) C
8 4 (3.51%) C#
9 2 (1.75%) Bash Shell
9 2 (1.75%) T-SQL
9 2 (1.75%) VBA
10 1 (0.88%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 31 (27.19%) Degree
2 10 (8.77%) Master's Degree
3 5 (4.39%) Computer Science Degree
4 3 (2.63%) MBA
5 2 (1.75%) SC Cleared
5 2 (1.75%) Security Cleared
6 1 (0.88%) CFA
6 1 (0.88%) Numerate Degree
6 1 (0.88%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (2.63%) Data Quality
2 2 (1.75%) GDPR
2 2 (1.75%) QA
3 1 (0.88%) CDISC
3 1 (0.88%) IFRS
3 1 (0.88%) IFRS 9
3 1 (0.88%) MiFID
3 1 (0.88%) PMO
System Software
1 2 (1.75%) Firmware
Vendors
1 9 (7.89%) Tableau
2 8 (7.02%) Google
3 7 (6.14%) Databricks
4 6 (5.26%) Alteryx
4 6 (5.26%) Microsoft
5 1 (0.88%) IBM
5 1 (0.88%) Murex
5 1 (0.88%) Qualtrics
5 1 (0.88%) Xilinx