Period
to 19 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 19 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
19 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 447 431 443
Rank change year-on-year -16 +12 +20
Contract jobs citing PhD 191 205 158
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.43% 0.44% 0.38%
As % of the Qualifications category 2.68% 2.55% 2.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 120 178 122
London median daily rate £606 £620 £620
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.22% - -4.62%
10th Percentile £368 £461 £450
90th Percentile £850 £838 £820
England median daily rate £588 £620 £620
% change year-on-year -5.24% - +1.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 2 3
London median hourly rate £44.00 £62.50 £37.02
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -29.60% +68.83% -62.98%
10th Percentile £39.55 £45.75 £33.23
90th Percentile £53.75 £81.25 £52.78
England median hourly rate £44.00 £37.75 £35.01
% change year-on-year +16.56% +7.83% +4.35%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 7,124 8,043 7,192
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 16.13% 17.31% 17.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,556 5,317 4,691
London median daily rate £500 £488 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +5.41% +2.78%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £275
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
England median daily rate £450 £445 £425
% change year-on-year +1.12% +4.71% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 147 186 124
London median hourly rate £25.00 £20.75 £20.06
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.48% +3.44% -2.15%
10th Percentile £12.50 £13.75 £11.66
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.13 £49.76
England median hourly rate £28.52 £23.50 £25.94
% change year-on-year +21.34% -9.40% -1.19%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 19 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 19 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 19 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -12 36 £625 -19.35% 28
East London - 19 £375 - 6
West London +15 9 £550 - 12
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 19 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 132 (69.11%) Python
2 111 (58.12%) Data Science
3 98 (51.31%) Mathematics
4 96 (50.26%) Machine Learning
5 95 (49.74%) Degree
6 81 (42.41%) Analytics
7 80 (41.88%) Computer Science
8 60 (31.41%) Finance
9 52 (27.23%) Statistics
9 52 (27.23%) C++
9 52 (27.23%) SQL
10 51 (26.70%) Algorithms
11 48 (25.13%) R
12 47 (24.61%) Hadoop
13 45 (23.56%) Deep Learning
13 45 (23.56%) Master's Degree
14 44 (23.04%) TensorFlow
15 43 (22.51%) Apache Spark
16 41 (21.47%) Analytical Skills
16 41 (21.47%) Agile Software Development
17 40 (20.94%) C#
18 39 (20.42%) Amazon AWS
19 35 (18.32%) Problem-Solving
20 33 (17.28%) Artificial Intelligence
20 33 (17.28%) Physics
21 32 (16.75%) Banking
22 30 (15.71%) Microsoft Azure
22 30 (15.71%) Big Data
23 29 (15.18%) Apache Hive
23 29 (15.18%) Caffe

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (22.51%) Apache Spark
2 20 (10.47%) SAS
3 14 (7.33%) SharePoint
4 3 (1.57%) Apache
4 3 (1.57%) Apache Pig
5 2 (1.05%) Apache Airflow
6 1 (0.52%) Apache Solr
6 1 (0.52%) CMS
6 1 (0.52%) Confluence
6 1 (0.52%) Elasticsearch
6 1 (0.52%) Jupyter
6 1 (0.52%) Luigi
Applications
1 14 (7.33%) Microsoft Excel
1 14 (7.33%) Spreadsheet
2 10 (5.24%) Chatbot
3 2 (1.05%) GNU Octave
3 2 (1.05%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.52%) LaTeX
4 1 (0.52%) SPSS
4 1 (0.52%) Stata
Business Applications
1 1 (0.52%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 39 (20.42%) Amazon AWS
2 30 (15.71%) Microsoft Azure
3 16 (8.38%) Google Cloud Platform
4 10 (5.24%) Azure Active Directory
4 10 (5.24%) Mimecast
5 9 (4.71%) Amazon EMR
6 3 (1.57%) Serverless
7 2 (1.05%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.57%) Internet
2 2 (1.05%) DVB
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (24.61%) Hadoop
2 30 (15.71%) Big Data
3 29 (15.18%) Apache Hive
4 17 (8.90%) Data Mining
5 14 (7.33%) SQL Server
6 12 (6.28%) Relational Database
7 11 (5.76%) NoSQL
8 9 (4.71%) MongoDB
9 6 (3.14%) MySQL
9 6 (3.14%) Text Mining
10 5 (2.62%) Apache Cassandra
10 5 (2.62%) Data Warehouse
10 5 (2.62%) PostgreSQL
10 5 (2.62%) Sqoop
11 4 (2.09%) BigQuery
11 4 (2.09%) Impala
12 3 (1.57%) Presto
13 2 (1.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 2 (1.05%) HBase
14 1 (0.52%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 6 (3.14%) Git (software)
2 2 (1.05%) ERwin
3 1 (0.52%) Jenkins
3 1 (0.52%) JIRA
General
1 60 (31.41%) Finance
2 32 (16.75%) Banking
3 23 (12.04%) Marketing
4 21 (10.99%) Investment Banking
5 15 (7.85%) Retail
6 13 (6.81%) Front Office
7 6 (3.14%) Advertising
8 4 (2.09%) Games
9 3 (1.57%) Financial Institution
9 3 (1.57%) Legal
10 2 (1.05%) Electronics
10 2 (1.05%) Publishing
10 2 (1.05%) Social Science
11 1 (0.52%) Greek Language
11 1 (0.52%) Interactive Media
11 1 (0.52%) Law
11 1 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 88 (46.07%) Data Scientist
2 38 (19.90%) Developer
3 37 (19.37%) Quantitative Developer
4 22 (11.52%) C# Developer
4 22 (11.52%) C# Quant Developer
5 21 (10.99%) Analyst
6 18 (9.42%) C# Pricing Developer
6 18 (9.42%) Pricing Developer
7 14 (7.33%) Excel Developer
8 10 (5.24%) Security Analyst
8 10 (5.24%) Software Engineer
9 9 (4.71%) C++ Developer
9 9 (4.71%) C++ Quantitative Developer
10 8 (4.19%) Computer Engineer
10 8 (4.19%) Computer Vision Engineer
10 8 (4.19%) Senior Analyst
11 7 (3.66%) C++ Software Engineer
11 7 (3.66%) Computer Scientist
11 7 (3.66%) Computer Vision Scientist
12 6 (3.14%) User Experience Researcher
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (23.04%) TensorFlow
2 29 (15.18%) Caffe
3 26 (13.61%) Natural Language Processing
4 23 (12.04%) Keras
5 21 (10.99%) Theano
6 15 (7.85%) .NET
6 15 (7.85%) Torch
7 14 (7.33%) ASP.NET
7 14 (7.33%) ASP.NET Core
7 14 (7.33%) OpenCV
7 14 (7.33%) PySpark
8 12 (6.28%) NumPy
9 11 (5.76%) Kafka
10 8 (4.19%) SciPy
11 7 (3.66%) Matplotlib
11 7 (3.66%) MLlib
11 7 (3.66%) MXNet
11 7 (3.66%) Unity (Game Engine)
11 7 (3.66%) Unreal Engine
12 5 (2.62%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 51 (26.70%) Algorithms
2 41 (21.47%) Analytical Skills
3 26 (13.61%) Derivative
4 16 (8.38%) Credit Derivative
5 15 (7.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 15 (7.85%) User Experience
6 14 (7.33%) Hedge funds
7 11 (5.76%) Self-Motivation
8 10 (5.24%) Fixed Income
8 10 (5.24%) Management Information System
9 9 (4.71%) Robotics
10 5 (2.62%) Credit Risk
11 4 (2.09%) Acoustics
12 3 (1.57%) Cloud Native
12 3 (1.57%) Fintech
12 3 (1.57%) FMCG
13 2 (1.05%) Augmented Reality
13 2 (1.05%) Life Science
13 2 (1.05%) Market Risk
13 2 (1.05%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 20 (10.47%) Linux
2 9 (4.71%) Windows
3 2 (1.05%) Embedded Linux
3 2 (1.05%) Solaris
3 2 (1.05%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 111 (58.12%) Data Science
2 98 (51.31%) Mathematics
3 96 (50.26%) Machine Learning
4 81 (42.41%) Analytics
5 80 (41.88%) Computer Science
6 52 (27.23%) Statistics
7 45 (23.56%) Deep Learning
8 41 (21.47%) Agile Software Development
9 35 (18.32%) Problem-Solving
10 33 (17.28%) Artificial Intelligence
10 33 (17.28%) Physics
11 26 (13.61%) Software Engineering
12 21 (10.99%) Creative Problem-Solving
12 21 (10.99%) Data Analysis
12 21 (10.99%) Neural Network
13 20 (10.47%) Computer Vision
13 20 (10.47%) ETL
14 19 (9.95%) Operations Research
14 19 (9.95%) Prototyping
15 16 (8.38%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 132 (69.11%) Python
2 52 (27.23%) C++
2 52 (27.23%) SQL
3 48 (25.13%) R
4 40 (20.94%) C#
5 25 (13.09%) MATLAB
6 23 (12.04%) Java
7 19 (9.95%) Scala
8 15 (7.85%) VBA
9 5 (2.62%) C
10 4 (2.09%) Ada
11 3 (1.57%) Perl
12 2 (1.05%) JavaScript
12 2 (1.05%) PowerShell
13 1 (0.52%) SPARQL
13 1 (0.52%) VB
Qualifications
1 95 (49.74%) Degree
2 45 (23.56%) Master's Degree
3 17 (8.90%) Numerate Degree
4 12 (6.28%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (5.24%) CISA
5 10 (5.24%) CISM
5 10 (5.24%) CISSP
5 10 (5.24%) GCFA
5 10 (5.24%) GCIH
6 2 (1.05%) CFA
6 2 (1.05%) MBA
7 1 (0.52%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (4.71%) QA
2 4 (2.09%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.52%) EMIR
3 1 (0.52%) GDPR
3 1 (0.52%) IFRS
3 1 (0.52%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 10 (5.24%) Active Directory
2 5 (2.62%) Apache Flume
3 4 (2.09%) Docker
4 3 (1.57%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 10 (5.24%) CASB
2 3 (1.57%) Kubernetes
3 1 (0.52%) Kibana
3 1 (0.52%) Oozie
Vendors
1 28 (14.66%) Google
2 22 (11.52%) Microsoft
3 14 (7.33%) Oracle
4 11 (5.76%) Hortonworks
5 10 (5.24%) Darktrace
5 10 (5.24%) Thycotic
6 9 (4.71%) Cloudera
7 5 (2.62%) Tableau
8 1 (0.52%) Cerner
8 1 (0.52%) IBM
8 1 (0.52%) Salesforce.com
8 1 (0.52%) Teradata