Period
to 15 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 15 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
15 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 465 462 493
Rank change year-on-year -3 +31 +13
Contract jobs citing PhD 165 188 136
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.36% 0.40% 0.30%
As % of the Qualifications category 2.24% 2.39% 1.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 97 170 100
London median daily rate £650 £625 £600
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% -
10th Percentile £440 £463 £430
90th Percentile £850 £850 £864
England median daily rate £600 £620 £575
% change year-on-year -3.23% +7.83% -4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 2 2
London median hourly rate £44.00 £40.25 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.32% -10.56% -
10th Percentile £33.75 £26.98 £37.50
90th Percentile £51.25 £47.33 £52.50
England median hourly rate £44.00 £35.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +23.94% -21.11% +44.60%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 7,377 7,851 7,888
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 15.90% 16.71% 17.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,752 5,211 5,083
London median daily rate £500 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £263
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £450 £425 £423
% change year-on-year +5.88% +0.59% +5.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 188 187 108
London median hourly rate £22.93 £20.00 £19.23
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.65% +4.00% -3.85%
10th Percentile £13.00 £13.50 £13.31
90th Percentile £54.01 £48.20 £50.00
England median hourly rate £25.00 £25.69 £25.00
% change year-on-year -2.69% +2.76% +8.70%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 15 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -21 30 £600 -22.58% 46
East London - 15 £550 - 6
West London +6 11 £550 - 14
North London - 2 £550 - 3
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 15 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 104 (63.03%) Python
2 88 (53.33%) Mathematics
3 86 (52.12%) Data Science
4 75 (45.45%) Degree
5 72 (43.64%) Analytics
5 72 (43.64%) Machine Learning
6 63 (38.18%) Computer Science
6 63 (38.18%) Finance
7 48 (29.09%) C++
7 48 (29.09%) Algorithms
8 45 (27.27%) R
9 43 (26.06%) Statistics
10 35 (21.21%) Agile Software Development
10 35 (21.21%) Deep Learning
11 34 (20.61%) Hadoop
11 34 (20.61%) SQL
12 30 (18.18%) Problem-Solving
13 29 (17.58%) Master's Degree
13 29 (17.58%) TensorFlow
14 27 (16.36%) Big Data
14 27 (16.36%) Apache Spark
15 26 (15.76%) Analytical Skills
15 26 (15.76%) Microsoft Azure
15 26 (15.76%) Banking
15 26 (15.76%) Keras
16 25 (15.15%) Artificial Intelligence
17 24 (14.55%) C#
18 23 (13.94%) Amazon AWS
19 22 (13.33%) Scala
19 22 (13.33%) Natural Language Processing

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (16.36%) Apache Spark
2 15 (9.09%) SAS
3 12 (7.27%) SharePoint
4 3 (1.82%) Apache Pig
5 2 (1.21%) Apache
5 2 (1.21%) Elasticsearch
5 2 (1.21%) Jupyter
6 1 (0.61%) Apache Airflow
6 1 (0.61%) Apache Solr
6 1 (0.61%) CMS
6 1 (0.61%) Luigi
6 1 (0.61%) nginx
Applications
1 13 (7.88%) Microsoft Excel
1 13 (7.88%) Spreadsheet
2 10 (6.06%) Chatbot
3 2 (1.21%) GNU Octave
Cloud Services
1 26 (15.76%) Microsoft Azure
2 23 (13.94%) Amazon AWS
3 10 (6.06%) Azure Active Directory
3 10 (6.06%) Mimecast
4 8 (4.85%) Google Cloud Platform
5 4 (2.42%) Cloud Computing
6 2 (1.21%) Amazon EMR
7 1 (0.61%) Amazon S3
7 1 (0.61%) Azure Data Factory
7 1 (0.61%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.82%) Internet
2 2 (1.21%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (20.61%) Hadoop
2 27 (16.36%) Big Data
3 13 (7.88%) SQL Server
4 12 (7.27%) Apache Hive
4 12 (7.27%) NoSQL
5 11 (6.67%) MongoDB
6 10 (6.06%) Data Mining
7 8 (4.85%) HBase
8 7 (4.24%) Apache Cassandra
8 7 (4.24%) Sqoop
9 6 (3.64%) Impala
9 6 (3.64%) Relational Database
10 3 (1.82%) Power BI
11 2 (1.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 2 (1.21%) Data Warehouse
11 2 (1.21%) PostgreSQL
12 1 (0.61%) Amazon RDS
12 1 (0.61%) MySQL
12 1 (0.61%) Neo4j
12 1 (0.61%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 6 (3.64%) Git (software)
2 1 (0.61%) JIRA
2 1 (0.61%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 63 (38.18%) Finance
2 26 (15.76%) Banking
3 21 (12.73%) Investment Banking
4 15 (9.09%) Front Office
5 13 (7.88%) Marketing
6 7 (4.24%) Retail
7 5 (3.03%) Advertising
7 5 (3.03%) Financial Institution
8 3 (1.82%) Games
9 2 (1.21%) Legal
9 2 (1.21%) Publishing
10 1 (0.61%) Greek Language
10 1 (0.61%) Interactive Media
10 1 (0.61%) Law
10 1 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.61%) Social Science
10 1 (0.61%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 77 (46.67%) Data Scientist
2 41 (24.85%) Developer
3 36 (21.82%) Quantitative Developer
4 21 (12.73%) C# Developer
4 21 (12.73%) C# Quant Developer
5 19 (11.52%) Analyst
6 17 (10.30%) C# Pricing Developer
6 17 (10.30%) Pricing Developer
7 13 (7.88%) Excel Developer
8 10 (6.06%) Security Analyst
9 9 (5.45%) C++ Developer
10 8 (4.85%) Computer Scientist
10 8 (4.85%) Computer Vision Scientist
11 7 (4.24%) C++ Quantitative Developer
11 7 (4.24%) Senior Analyst
12 6 (3.64%) Cybersecurity Analyst
12 6 (3.64%) Qualitative Analyst
12 6 (3.64%) Quantitative Analyst
13 5 (3.03%) Senior Data Scientist
13 5 (3.03%) Senior Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (17.58%) TensorFlow
2 26 (15.76%) Keras
3 22 (13.33%) Natural Language Processing
4 21 (12.73%) Caffe
5 13 (7.88%) .NET
5 13 (7.88%) ASP.NET
5 13 (7.88%) ASP.NET Core
6 12 (7.27%) Theano
7 9 (5.45%) Kafka
8 8 (4.85%) OpenCV
9 5 (3.03%) Pandas
10 4 (2.42%) NumPy
11 3 (1.82%) Flask
11 3 (1.82%) PySpark
12 2 (1.21%) Elastic Stack
12 2 (1.21%) REST
12 2 (1.21%) scikit-learn
13 1 (0.61%) Matplotlib
13 1 (0.61%) OpenGL ES
13 1 (0.61%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 63 (38.18%) Computer Science
2 48 (29.09%) Algorithms
3 26 (15.76%) Analytical Skills
4 22 (13.33%) Derivative
5 17 (10.30%) Hedge funds
6 15 (9.09%) Credit Derivative
7 14 (8.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 11 (6.67%) Management Information System
8 11 (6.67%) Self-Motivation
9 8 (4.85%) User Experience
10 7 (4.24%) Fixed Income
11 5 (3.03%) Acoustics
12 4 (2.42%) Data Structures
13 2 (1.21%) Augmented Reality
13 2 (1.21%) Credit Risk
13 2 (1.21%) Equities
13 2 (1.21%) Fintech
13 2 (1.21%) Life Science
13 2 (1.21%) Robotics
13 2 (1.21%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 15 (9.09%) Linux
2 1 (0.61%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 88 (53.33%) Mathematics
2 86 (52.12%) Data Science
3 72 (43.64%) Analytics
3 72 (43.64%) Machine Learning
4 43 (26.06%) Statistics
5 35 (21.21%) Agile Software Development
5 35 (21.21%) Deep Learning
6 30 (18.18%) Problem-Solving
7 25 (15.15%) Artificial Intelligence
8 21 (12.73%) Creative Problem-Solving
9 20 (12.12%) Physics
10 17 (10.30%) Convolutional Neural Network
10 17 (10.30%) Operations Research
11 16 (9.70%) Computer Vision
12 15 (9.09%) ETL
12 15 (9.09%) Prototyping
12 15 (9.09%) Visualisation
13 14 (8.48%) Continuous Integration
13 14 (8.48%) Neural Network
13 14 (8.48%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 104 (63.03%) Python
2 48 (29.09%) C++
3 45 (27.27%) R
4 34 (20.61%) SQL
5 24 (14.55%) C#
6 22 (13.33%) MATLAB
6 22 (13.33%) Scala
7 17 (10.30%) Java
8 14 (8.48%) VBA
9 6 (3.64%) C
10 4 (2.42%) Ada
10 4 (2.42%) JavaScript
11 1 (0.61%) Bash Shell
11 1 (0.61%) Perl
11 1 (0.61%) VB
Qualifications
1 75 (45.45%) Degree
2 29 (17.58%) Master's Degree
3 17 (10.30%) Numerate Degree
4 10 (6.06%) CISA
4 10 (6.06%) CISM
4 10 (6.06%) CISSP
4 10 (6.06%) GCFA
4 10 (6.06%) GCIH
5 9 (5.45%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (1.21%) MBA
7 1 (0.61%) SC Cleared
7 1 (0.61%) Security Cleared
7 1 (0.61%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (8.48%) QA
2 6 (3.64%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.61%) EMIR
3 1 (0.61%) GDPR
3 1 (0.61%) IFRS
3 1 (0.61%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 10 (6.06%) Active Directory
2 7 (4.24%) Apache Flume
3 3 (1.82%) HDFS
4 2 (1.21%) Docker
Systems Management
1 10 (6.06%) CASB
2 1 (0.61%) Kibana
2 1 (0.61%) Oozie
Vendors
1 18 (10.91%) Microsoft
2 16 (9.70%) Google
3 12 (7.27%) Oracle
4 10 (6.06%) Darktrace
4 10 (6.06%) Thycotic
5 8 (4.85%) Hortonworks
6 4 (2.42%) Tableau
7 2 (1.21%) Databricks
8 1 (0.61%) Alteryx
8 1 (0.61%) Cloudera