Period
to 23 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 23 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PhD
England > London
6 months to
23 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 477 473 518
Rank change year-on-year -4 +45 +4
Contract jobs citing PhD 152 138 103
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.34% 0.31% 0.23%
As % of the Qualifications category 2.10% 1.89% 1.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 94 128 76
London median daily rate £588 £625 £600
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.00% +4.17% +2.13%
10th Percentile £425 £509 £428
90th Percentile £838 £850 £813
England median daily rate £575 £620 £569
% change year-on-year -7.26% +9.01% +3.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 2 2
London median hourly rate £44.00 £37.75 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.56% -16.11% -
10th Percentile £33.75 £25.98 £37.50
90th Percentile £51.25 £47.33 £52.50
England median hourly rate £44.00 £35.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +23.94% -21.11% +44.60%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 7,240 7,305 7,838
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 16.04% 16.61% 17.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,698 4,803 5,201
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +3.45%
10th Percentile £283 £290 £263
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £450 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 191 160 93
London median hourly rate £20.00 £19.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - -12.20%
10th Percentile £14.00 £13.31 £13.31
90th Percentile £51.25 £48.75 £35.49
England median hourly rate £24.08 £28.08 £25.50
% change year-on-year -14.25% +10.12% +13.33%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in London

PhD
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 23 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 42 £575 -25.81% 37
West London - 10 £550 - 8
East London - 9 £550 - 4
North London - 2 £550 - 3
South London - 1 £400 -
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 23 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 106 (69.74%) Python
2 89 (58.55%) Data Science
3 80 (52.63%) Mathematics
4 74 (48.68%) Machine Learning
5 60 (39.47%) Computer Science
6 57 (37.50%) Degree
6 57 (37.50%) C++
7 56 (36.84%) Analytics
8 54 (35.53%) Algorithms
8 54 (35.53%) Finance
9 45 (29.61%) R
10 36 (23.68%) Deep Learning
11 34 (22.37%) TensorFlow
12 33 (21.71%) Big Data
13 30 (19.74%) Analytical Skills
14 28 (18.42%) Statistics
14 28 (18.42%) Keras
15 27 (17.76%) SQL
16 26 (17.11%) Hadoop
17 24 (15.79%) Problem-Solving
18 21 (13.82%) Master's Degree
18 21 (13.82%) Agile Software Development
18 21 (13.82%) Apache Spark
19 20 (13.16%) Natural Language Processing
19 20 (13.16%) Linux
20 19 (12.50%) Front Office
20 19 (12.50%) Artificial Intelligence
20 19 (12.50%) Computer Vision
21 16 (10.53%) Creative Problem-Solving
21 16 (10.53%) Convolutional Neural Network

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (13.82%) Apache Spark
2 12 (7.89%) SAS
3 8 (5.26%) nginx
4 6 (3.95%) SharePoint
5 2 (1.32%) Apache Pig
5 2 (1.32%) Elasticsearch
5 2 (1.32%) Jupyter
6 1 (0.66%) Apache Solr
6 1 (0.66%) CMS
Applications
1 9 (5.92%) Chatbot
2 4 (2.63%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (2.63%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.66%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 1 (0.66%) Finacle
1 1 (0.66%) FLEXCUBE
1 1 (0.66%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 15 (9.87%) Amazon AWS
2 9 (5.92%) Microsoft Azure
3 7 (4.61%) Google Cloud Platform
4 5 (3.29%) Cloud Computing
5 2 (1.32%) Amazon EMR
5 2 (1.32%) GitHub
6 1 (0.66%) Amazon S3
6 1 (0.66%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 4 (2.63%) TCP/IP
2 1 (0.66%) 4G
2 1 (0.66%) 5G
2 1 (0.66%) GSM
2 1 (0.66%) Internet
2 1 (0.66%) LTE
2 1 (0.66%) Radio Access Network
2 1 (0.66%) UMTS
2 1 (0.66%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (21.71%) Big Data
2 26 (17.11%) Hadoop
3 12 (7.89%) NoSQL
4 10 (6.58%) MongoDB
5 9 (5.92%) Apache Hive
5 9 (5.92%) Data Mining
5 9 (5.92%) HBase
6 7 (4.61%) Apache Cassandra
6 7 (4.61%) Sqoop
7 4 (2.63%) Impala
7 4 (2.63%) SQL Server
8 3 (1.97%) Amazon RDS
8 3 (1.97%) PostgreSQL
8 3 (1.97%) Relational Database
9 2 (1.32%) Blockchain
9 2 (1.32%) Power BI
9 2 (1.32%) QlikView
10 1 (0.66%) KDB
10 1 (0.66%) Spotfire
10 1 (0.66%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 14 (9.21%) Git (software)
2 1 (0.66%) JIRA
2 1 (0.66%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 54 (35.53%) Finance
2 19 (12.50%) Front Office
3 15 (9.87%) Banking
4 11 (7.24%) Investment Banking
5 7 (4.61%) Marketing
6 6 (3.95%) Financial Institution
7 3 (1.97%) Advertising
8 2 (1.32%) Publishing
8 2 (1.32%) Retail
9 1 (0.66%) Aerospace
9 1 (0.66%) Electronics
9 1 (0.66%) Games
9 1 (0.66%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 81 (53.29%) Data Scientist
2 31 (20.39%) Developer
3 24 (15.79%) Quantitative Developer
4 12 (7.89%) Analyst
5 11 (7.24%) Qualitative Analyst
5 11 (7.24%) Quantitative Analyst
6 10 (6.58%) C++ Developer
7 9 (5.92%) Computer Scientist
7 9 (5.92%) Computer Vision Scientist
8 8 (5.26%) Analyst Developer
8 8 (5.26%) C# Developer
8 8 (5.26%) C# Pricing Developer
8 8 (5.26%) C# Quant Developer
8 8 (5.26%) Pricing Developer
8 8 (5.26%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
9 6 (3.95%) C++ Quantitative Developer
9 6 (3.95%) Data Engineer
9 6 (3.95%) Python Engineer
10 5 (3.29%) Machine Learning Engineer
10 5 (3.29%) Senior Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 34 (22.37%) TensorFlow
2 28 (18.42%) Keras
3 20 (13.16%) Natural Language Processing
4 13 (8.55%) Pandas
5 11 (7.24%) NumPy
6 10 (6.58%) Kafka
6 10 (6.58%) OpenCV
7 9 (5.92%) Flask
8 8 (5.26%) Theano
9 4 (2.63%) .NET
9 4 (2.63%) ASP.NET
9 4 (2.63%) ASP.NET Core
10 3 (1.97%) scikit-learn
11 2 (1.32%) MLlib
11 2 (1.32%) OpenNLP
11 2 (1.32%) PySpark
11 2 (1.32%) SciPy
11 2 (1.32%) Smart Contracts
12 1 (0.66%) Dask
12 1 (0.66%) Deeplearning4j
Miscellaneous
1 60 (39.47%) Computer Science
2 54 (35.53%) Algorithms
3 30 (19.74%) Analytical Skills
4 15 (9.87%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 13 (8.55%) Derivative
6 9 (5.92%) Hedge funds
7 8 (5.26%) Fixed Income
8 5 (3.29%) Acoustics
8 5 (3.29%) Data Structures
9 4 (2.63%) Credit Derivative
10 3 (1.97%) Equity Derivative
10 3 (1.97%) User Experience
11 2 (1.32%) Augmented Reality
11 2 (1.32%) Market Risk
11 2 (1.32%) RIA
11 2 (1.32%) Robotics
12 1 (0.66%) Digital Media
12 1 (0.66%) Enterprise Software
12 1 (0.66%) GPGPU
12 1 (0.66%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 20 (13.16%) Linux
2 1 (0.66%) Unix
2 1 (0.66%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 89 (58.55%) Data Science
2 80 (52.63%) Mathematics
3 74 (48.68%) Machine Learning
4 56 (36.84%) Analytics
5 36 (23.68%) Deep Learning
6 28 (18.42%) Statistics
7 24 (15.79%) Problem-Solving
8 21 (13.82%) Agile Software Development
9 19 (12.50%) Artificial Intelligence
9 19 (12.50%) Computer Vision
10 16 (10.53%) Convolutional Neural Network
10 16 (10.53%) Creative Problem-Solving
10 16 (10.53%) Physics
11 15 (9.87%) Neural Network
12 14 (9.21%) Software Engineering
12 14 (9.21%) Visualisation
13 13 (8.55%) Prototyping
14 12 (7.89%) Quantitative Research
15 11 (7.24%) OO
16 10 (6.58%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 106 (69.74%) Python
2 57 (37.50%) C++
3 45 (29.61%) R
4 27 (17.76%) SQL
5 15 (9.87%) Scala
6 14 (9.21%) MATLAB
7 13 (8.55%) Java
8 11 (7.24%) C#
9 7 (4.61%) C
10 5 (3.29%) VBA
11 4 (2.63%) Ada
11 4 (2.63%) JavaScript
12 1 (0.66%) Perl
12 1 (0.66%) VB
Qualifications
1 57 (37.50%) Degree
2 21 (13.82%) Master's Degree
3 11 (7.24%) Computer Science Degree
4 8 (5.26%) Numerate Degree
5 2 (1.32%) MBA
6 1 (0.66%) SC Cleared
6 1 (0.66%) Security Cleared
6 1 (0.66%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (9.21%) QA
2 7 (4.61%) Data Quality
3 2 (1.32%) EMIR
4 1 (0.66%) GDPR
4 1 (0.66%) IFRS
4 1 (0.66%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 10 (6.58%) Docker
2 7 (4.61%) Apache Flume
3 3 (1.97%) HDFS
4 1 (0.66%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 1 (0.66%) Kibana
1 1 (0.66%) Oozie
Vendors
1 12 (7.89%) Google
1 12 (7.89%) Microsoft
2 8 (5.26%) Hortonworks
3 6 (3.95%) Oracle
3 6 (3.95%) Tableau
4 3 (1.97%) Databricks
5 2 (1.32%) Alteryx
6 1 (0.66%) Cloudera
6 1 (0.66%) SAP