Period
to 18 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 18 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
18 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 351 318 300
Rank change year-on-year -33 -18 +31
Permanent jobs citing PhD 528 721 797
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.87% 1.03% 1.16%
As % of the Qualifications category 4.05% 4.54% 4.79%
Number of salaries quoted 425 665 695
London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £70,000
10th Percentile £40,250 £36,750 £37,500
90th Percentile £121,500 £115,000 £120,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - -

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 13,041 15,894 16,632
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 21.44% 22.70% 24.12%
Number of salaries quoted 9,607 12,352 13,381
London median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £31,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £87,500
England median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% -4.26%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 18 April 2019.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 18 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +28 138 £70,000 - 15
East London +44 17 £41,500 -62.27% 6
West London +15 15 £65,000 +62.50% 2
South London +1 8 £42,500 +6.25%
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 18 April 2019, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 347 (65.72%) Python
2 284 (53.79%) Machine Learning
3 251 (47.54%) Mathematics
4 237 (44.89%) Computer Science
5 211 (39.96%) Degree
6 188 (35.61%) Data Science
7 182 (34.47%) Artificial Intelligence
8 172 (32.58%) Java
9 171 (32.39%) C++
10 153 (28.98%) Analytics
11 145 (27.46%) Deep Learning
11 145 (27.46%) Finance
11 145 (27.46%) Software Engineering
12 139 (26.33%) Statistics
13 131 (24.81%) Physics
14 124 (23.48%) Natural Language Processing
15 115 (21.78%) Algorithms
16 108 (20.45%) R
17 101 (19.13%) Agile Software Development
18 98 (18.56%) SQL
19 92 (17.42%) Big Data
20 91 (17.23%) TensorFlow
21 77 (14.58%) MATLAB
22 70 (13.26%) Neural Network
23 64 (12.12%) C#
24 63 (11.93%) Apache Spark
25 62 (11.74%) Analytical Skills
26 58 (10.98%) Amazon AWS
27 54 (10.23%) Visualisation
27 54 (10.23%) C

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 63 (11.93%) Apache Spark
2 25 (4.73%) SAS
3 18 (3.41%) Apache
4 17 (3.22%) Ethereum
5 7 (1.33%) DNN
6 5 (0.95%) Apache Pig
6 5 (0.95%) Jupyter
7 2 (0.38%) nginx
8 1 (0.19%) Apache Solr
8 1 (0.19%) Elasticsearch
8 1 (0.19%) Exchange Server 2007
8 1 (0.19%) Luigi
8 1 (0.19%) MS Exchange
8 1 (0.19%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 21 (3.98%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (1.14%) Chatbot
2 6 (1.14%) Spreadsheet
3 2 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.19%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 3 (0.57%) SAP S/4HANA
2 2 (0.38%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 58 (10.98%) Amazon AWS
2 28 (5.30%) Microsoft Azure
3 15 (2.84%) Google Cloud Platform
4 8 (1.52%) Cloud Computing
5 6 (1.14%) Slack
6 5 (0.95%) GitHub
7 4 (0.76%) Azure Data Factory
7 4 (0.76%) Azure Machine Learning
7 4 (0.76%) PaaS
7 4 (0.76%) Serverless
8 2 (0.38%) iTunes
8 2 (0.38%) Wit.ai
9 1 (0.19%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
9 1 (0.19%) Dropbox
9 1 (0.19%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 3 (0.57%) DNS
1 3 (0.57%) HTTP
1 3 (0.57%) Network Security
2 2 (0.38%) Internet
3 1 (0.19%) Cisco ASA
3 1 (0.19%) DHCP
3 1 (0.19%) Firewall
3 1 (0.19%) MQTT
3 1 (0.19%) SAN
3 1 (0.19%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.19%) VoIP
3 1 (0.19%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 92 (17.42%) Big Data
2 44 (8.33%) Hadoop
3 32 (6.06%) NoSQL
4 28 (5.30%) Data Mining
5 22 (4.17%) Blockchain
6 16 (3.03%) Neo4j
6 16 (3.03%) Relational Database
7 15 (2.84%) MySQL
8 14 (2.65%) Apache Hive
9 12 (2.27%) Apache Cassandra
10 10 (1.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 10 (1.89%) Redis
10 10 (1.89%) Text Mining
11 9 (1.70%) CockroachDB
12 8 (1.52%) Power BI
12 8 (1.52%) VoltDB
13 7 (1.33%) Data Warehouse
13 7 (1.33%) PostgreSQL
14 6 (1.14%) QlikView
14 6 (1.14%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 19 (3.60%) Git (software)
2 9 (1.70%) Team Foundation Server
3 6 (1.14%) JIRA
4 4 (0.76%) Visual Studio
4 4 (0.76%) Visual Studio Team System
5 3 (0.57%) Jenkins
6 1 (0.19%) CMake
6 1 (0.19%) GitLab
6 1 (0.19%) Metasploit
6 1 (0.19%) RStudio
6 1 (0.19%) SonarQube
General
1 145 (27.46%) Finance
2 45 (8.52%) Banking
3 30 (5.68%) Marketing
4 24 (4.55%) Games
5 19 (3.60%) Publishing
6 18 (3.41%) Retail
7 16 (3.03%) Electronics
8 15 (2.84%) Advertising
9 14 (2.65%) Legal
9 14 (2.65%) Telecoms
10 11 (2.08%) Back Office
11 8 (1.52%) Investment Banking
12 7 (1.33%) Law
13 5 (0.95%) Front Office
13 5 (0.95%) Military
13 5 (0.95%) Social Science
14 4 (0.76%) French Language
14 4 (0.76%) Manufacturing
15 3 (0.57%) Automotive
15 3 (0.57%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 115 (21.78%) Data Scientist
2 87 (16.48%) Developer
3 62 (11.74%) Software Engineer
4 51 (9.66%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 41 (7.77%) Analyst
6 36 (6.82%) Machine Learning Researcher
7 32 (6.06%) Qualitative Analyst
7 32 (6.06%) Quantitative Analyst
8 30 (5.68%) Graduate
8 30 (5.68%) Senior Data Scientist
9 25 (4.73%) Java Engineer
10 24 (4.55%) Java Developer
10 24 (4.55%) Research Engineer
11 22 (4.17%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 22 (4.17%) Senior Developer
12 20 (3.79%) Graduate Developer
12 20 (3.79%) Graduate Software Engineer
12 20 (3.79%) Senior Java Developer
13 18 (3.41%) Quantitative Developer
14 17 (3.22%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 124 (23.48%) Natural Language Processing
2 91 (17.23%) TensorFlow
3 41 (7.77%) HTML
4 35 (6.63%) Keras
5 32 (6.06%) CSS
6 30 (5.68%) scikit-learn
7 29 (5.49%) .NET
8 28 (5.30%) NumPy
9 26 (4.92%) Ajax
10 24 (4.55%) GWT
11 23 (4.36%) Caffe
12 19 (3.60%) Pandas
13 18 (3.41%) Kafka
13 18 (3.41%) OpenCV
14 14 (2.65%) Theano
15 13 (2.46%) RESTful
15 13 (2.46%) SciPy
15 13 (2.46%) Web Services
16 9 (1.70%) REST
16 9 (1.70%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 115 (21.78%) Algorithms
2 62 (11.74%) Analytical Skills
3 35 (6.63%) Xbox
4 34 (6.44%) Credit Risk
5 31 (5.87%) Fintech
5 31 (5.87%) Hedge funds
6 24 (4.55%) Derivative
7 23 (4.36%) User Experience
8 17 (3.22%) Robotics
8 17 (3.22%) Virtual Team
9 15 (2.84%) Equities
9 15 (2.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 13 (2.46%) Data Structures
10 13 (2.46%) Mobile App
11 11 (2.08%) Exotic Derivative
11 11 (2.08%) Market Risk
12 10 (1.89%) Management Information System
13 9 (1.70%) CUDA
14 8 (1.52%) Public Cloud
15 7 (1.33%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 38 (7.20%) Linux
2 11 (2.08%) Unix
3 6 (1.14%) Debian
3 6 (1.14%) Fedora
3 6 (1.14%) Ubuntu
4 4 (0.76%) Robot Operating System
5 3 (0.57%) Windows
6 1 (0.19%) Android
6 1 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
6 1 (0.19%) Kali Linux
6 1 (0.19%) Windows 10
6 1 (0.19%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.19%) Windows Server 2003
6 1 (0.19%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 284 (53.79%) Machine Learning
2 251 (47.54%) Mathematics
3 237 (44.89%) Computer Science
4 188 (35.61%) Data Science
5 182 (34.47%) Artificial Intelligence
6 153 (28.98%) Analytics
7 145 (27.46%) Deep Learning
7 145 (27.46%) Software Engineering
8 139 (26.33%) Statistics
9 131 (24.81%) Physics
10 101 (19.13%) Agile Software Development
11 70 (13.26%) Neural Network
12 54 (10.23%) Visualisation
13 49 (9.28%) Problem-Solving
14 45 (8.52%) Computer Vision
15 42 (7.95%) Bayesian Methods
15 42 (7.95%) Data Analytics
16 34 (6.44%) Data Analysis
17 30 (5.68%) Data Engineering
17 30 (5.68%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 347 (65.72%) Python
2 172 (32.58%) Java
3 171 (32.39%) C++
4 108 (20.45%) R
5 98 (18.56%) SQL
6 77 (14.58%) MATLAB
7 64 (12.12%) C#
8 54 (10.23%) C
9 52 (9.85%) JavaScript
10 46 (8.71%) Scala
11 35 (6.63%) Java 8
12 24 (4.55%) VBA
13 18 (3.41%) Go
14 10 (1.89%) Clojure
14 10 (1.89%) ML
15 9 (1.70%) Erlang
15 9 (1.70%) F#
15 9 (1.70%) Haskell
16 7 (1.33%) Bash Shell
16 7 (1.33%) Cython
Qualifications
1 211 (39.96%) Degree
2 41 (7.77%) Master's Degree
3 33 (6.25%) Computer Science Degree
4 22 (4.17%) Numerate Degree
5 13 (2.46%) MBA
6 12 (2.27%) MPhil
7 11 (2.08%) Security Cleared
8 10 (1.89%) CFA
9 7 (1.33%) DV Cleared
9 7 (1.33%) PMI Certification
10 6 (1.14%) PMP
11 5 (0.95%) Microsoft Certification
12 4 (0.76%) MCAD
12 4 (0.76%) MCDBA
12 4 (0.76%) MCSD
13 3 (0.57%) A+ Certification
14 1 (0.19%) CIMA
14 1 (0.19%) ISTQB
14 1 (0.19%) Postgraduate
14 1 (0.19%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.08%) Dodd-Frank
1 11 (2.08%) EMIR
1 11 (2.08%) MiFID
2 9 (1.70%) IFRS
2 9 (1.70%) IFRS 9
3 6 (1.14%) QA
4 4 (0.76%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.19%) GDPR
System Software
1 7 (1.33%) Docker
2 4 (0.76%) Apache Flume
3 2 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.19%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.19%) Firmware
4 1 (0.19%) HDFS
4 1 (0.19%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.19%) vSphere
4 1 (0.19%) XenApp
4 1 (0.19%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 2 (0.38%) Kubernetes
2 1 (0.19%) Ambari
2 1 (0.19%) Nessus
2 1 (0.19%) Nmap
2 1 (0.19%) Oozie
2 1 (0.19%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 25 (4.73%) Microsoft
2 18 (3.41%) Tableau
3 15 (2.84%) Google
4 7 (1.33%) IBM
5 6 (1.14%) Oracle
6 5 (0.95%) Databricks
6 5 (0.95%) Intel
7 3 (0.57%) Apple
7 3 (0.57%) SAP
8 2 (0.38%) Cognizant
8 2 (0.38%) Dataiku
8 2 (0.38%) Facebook
8 2 (0.38%) Netezza
8 2 (0.38%) Pega
8 2 (0.38%) Salesforce.com
9 1 (0.19%) Cloudera
9 1 (0.19%) Hortonworks
9 1 (0.19%) RapidMiner
9 1 (0.19%) Tumblr
9 1 (0.19%) Twitter