Period
to 12 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 12 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
12 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 390 307 379
Rank change year-on-year -83 +72 -52
Permanent jobs citing PhD 363 689 636
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.68% 1.04% 0.86%
As % of the Qualifications category 3.43% 4.76% 3.81%
Number of salaries quoted 298 587 544
London median annual salary £76,250 £77,500 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -1.61% +10.71% +3.70%
10th Percentile £45,875 £46,250 £38,750
90th Percentile £126,250 £132,500 £114,250
England median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% +18.18% +4.76%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 10,569 14,467 16,685
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 19.70% 21.74% 22.52%
Number of salaries quoted 8,073 10,791 12,541
London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £30,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £88,750
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 12 December 2019.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 12 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -55 80 £85,000 +21.43% 18
West London +28 30 £65,000 +8.33% 19
South London +6 7 £60,000 +41.18% 2
East London +14 1 £79,500 -0.63%
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 12 December 2019, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 296 (81.54%) Python
2 231 (63.64%) Machine Learning
3 196 (53.99%) Computer Science
4 193 (53.17%) Data Science
5 177 (48.76%) Mathematics
6 154 (42.42%) Degree
6 154 (42.42%) Statistics
7 132 (36.36%) Algorithms
8 114 (31.40%) SQL
9 112 (30.85%) Deep Learning
10 111 (30.58%) C++
11 100 (27.55%) Artificial Intelligence
12 97 (26.72%) R
13 92 (25.34%) Analytics
14 90 (24.79%) Big Data
15 88 (24.24%) Physics
15 88 (24.24%) Finance
16 86 (23.69%) AWS
17 84 (23.14%) TensorFlow
18 80 (22.04%) Java
19 78 (21.49%) Apache Spark
20 69 (19.01%) Analytical Skills
20 69 (19.01%) Agile Software Development
21 66 (18.18%) Master's Degree
22 62 (17.08%) Software Engineering
23 60 (16.53%) Hadoop
24 57 (15.70%) Natural Language Processing
25 50 (13.77%) Google
26 44 (12.12%) Azure
26 44 (12.12%) Pandas

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (21.49%) Apache Spark
2 16 (4.41%) SAS
3 5 (1.38%) Apache
4 4 (1.10%) Apache Pig
5 3 (0.83%) Ethereum
5 3 (0.83%) Jupyter
6 2 (0.55%) Hyperledger
6 2 (0.55%) nginx
6 2 (0.55%) Tornado
7 1 (0.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 1 (0.28%) CMS
7 1 (0.28%) Headless CMS
7 1 (0.28%) OpenStack
Applications
1 4 (1.10%) GNU Octave
2 3 (0.83%) SPSS
3 2 (0.55%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.28%) Mathematica
Business Applications
1 5 (1.38%) SAP S/4HANA
2 4 (1.10%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.28%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 86 (23.69%) AWS
2 44 (12.12%) Azure
3 33 (9.09%) GCP
4 6 (1.65%) Slack
5 3 (0.83%) Cloud Computing
5 3 (0.83%) Google Analytics
5 3 (0.83%) Power Platform
5 3 (0.83%) Serverless
6 2 (0.55%) Amazon EC2
6 2 (0.55%) Amazon ECS
6 2 (0.55%) Amazon S3
6 2 (0.55%) AWS CloudFormation
6 2 (0.55%) AWS Lambda
7 1 (0.28%) Amazon Alexa
7 1 (0.28%) Amazon SageMaker
7 1 (0.28%) Apigee
7 1 (0.28%) Boomi
7 1 (0.28%) Siri
Communications & Networking
1 9 (2.48%) Internet
2 3 (0.83%) 5G
3 2 (0.55%) 3G
3 2 (0.55%) 3GPP
3 2 (0.55%) HSPA
3 2 (0.55%) LTE
3 2 (0.55%) Network Security
3 2 (0.55%) PPP
3 2 (0.55%) Reverse Proxy
3 2 (0.55%) UMTS
4 1 (0.28%) VoIP
4 1 (0.28%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 90 (24.79%) Big Data
2 60 (16.53%) Hadoop
3 27 (7.44%) Relational Database
4 24 (6.61%) PostgreSQL
5 21 (5.79%) NoSQL
6 18 (4.96%) Data Mining
7 16 (4.41%) Blockchain
8 15 (4.13%) Apache Hive
9 13 (3.58%) MongoDB
10 11 (3.03%) MySQL
11 9 (2.48%) Data Warehouse
11 9 (2.48%) SQL Server
12 6 (1.65%) BigQuery
12 6 (1.65%) Qlik Sense
13 5 (1.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 5 (1.38%) Amazon Redshift
13 5 (1.38%) ClickHouse
13 5 (1.38%) Triplestore
14 4 (1.10%) Neo4j
14 4 (1.10%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 19 (5.23%) Git (software)
2 8 (2.20%) GitLab
2 8 (2.20%) Jenkins
3 7 (1.93%) Metasploit
3 7 (1.93%) Snyk
3 7 (1.93%) SonarQube
4 4 (1.10%) JIRA
5 2 (0.55%) Gradle
5 2 (0.55%) Jasmine
5 2 (0.55%) Mocha
6 1 (0.28%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 1 (0.28%) Eclipse
6 1 (0.28%) JUnit
6 1 (0.28%) Mercurial
6 1 (0.28%) Mockito
6 1 (0.28%) Redmine
6 1 (0.28%) Spock
6 1 (0.28%) Subversion
6 1 (0.28%) TeamCity
6 1 (0.28%) Visual Studio
General
1 88 (24.24%) Finance
2 36 (9.92%) Banking
3 34 (9.37%) Marketing
4 33 (9.09%) Retail
5 17 (4.68%) Telecoms
6 16 (4.41%) Front Office
7 15 (4.13%) Games
8 14 (3.86%) Electronics
9 12 (3.31%) Financial Institution
10 11 (3.03%) Advertising
10 11 (3.03%) Retail Banking
11 9 (2.48%) Pharmaceutical
12 6 (1.65%) Legal
12 6 (1.65%) Publishing
12 6 (1.65%) Social Science
13 4 (1.10%) Investment Banking
14 3 (0.83%) Automotive
14 3 (0.83%) Billing
15 2 (0.55%) Back Office
16 1 (0.28%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 115 (31.68%) Data Scientist
2 58 (15.98%) Senior Data Scientist
3 41 (11.29%) Machine Learning Engineer
4 36 (9.92%) Analyst
5 29 (7.99%) Developer
5 29 (7.99%) Qualitative Analyst
5 29 (7.99%) Quantitative Analyst
6 27 (7.44%) Software Engineer
7 22 (6.06%) Data Engineer
8 18 (4.96%) Python Engineer
9 14 (3.86%) Python Developer
9 14 (3.86%) Senior Data Engineer
10 13 (3.58%) Python Software Engineer
11 12 (3.31%) Machine Learning Scientist
12 11 (3.03%) Research Engineer
13 9 (2.48%) Computer Engineer
13 9 (2.48%) Computer Vision Engineer
14 7 (1.93%) DevSecOps Engineer
14 7 (1.93%) Graduate
14 7 (1.93%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 84 (23.14%) TensorFlow
2 57 (15.70%) Natural Language Processing
3 44 (12.12%) Pandas
4 40 (11.02%) PyTorch
5 36 (9.92%) NumPy
6 33 (9.09%) scikit-learn
7 28 (7.71%) Keras
8 22 (6.06%) Kafka
9 21 (5.79%) GraphQL
10 18 (4.96%) SciPy
11 15 (4.13%) Caffe
11 15 (4.13%) Dask
12 14 (3.86%) Django
13 11 (3.03%) Web Services
14 9 (2.48%) Flask
15 8 (2.20%) D3.js
15 8 (2.20%) PySpark
15 8 (2.20%) Spring
15 8 (2.20%) Torch
16 7 (1.93%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 132 (36.36%) Algorithms
2 69 (19.01%) Analytical Skills
3 28 (7.71%) Data Structures
4 24 (6.61%) Credit Risk
5 22 (6.06%) Hedge funds
6 21 (5.79%) Derivative
7 19 (5.23%) Linux Command Line
8 18 (4.96%) Equities
9 16 (4.41%) Market Risk
10 14 (3.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 14 (3.86%) Robotics
11 11 (3.03%) User Experience
12 10 (2.75%) Digital Media
12 10 (2.75%) Exotic Derivative
12 10 (2.75%) PKI
13 7 (1.93%) Internet of Things
13 7 (1.93%) Semantic Web
14 6 (1.65%) Greenfield Project
14 6 (1.65%) Virtual Team
15 5 (1.38%) e-Learning
Operating Systems
1 34 (9.37%) Linux
2 27 (7.44%) Unix
3 7 (1.93%) Kali Linux
4 6 (1.65%) Android
5 4 (1.10%) Windows
6 1 (0.28%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.28%) Debian
6 1 (0.28%) Fedora
6 1 (0.28%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 231 (63.64%) Machine Learning
2 196 (53.99%) Computer Science
3 193 (53.17%) Data Science
4 177 (48.76%) Mathematics
5 154 (42.42%) Statistics
6 112 (30.85%) Deep Learning
7 100 (27.55%) Artificial Intelligence
8 92 (25.34%) Analytics
9 88 (24.24%) Physics
10 69 (19.01%) Agile Software Development
11 62 (17.08%) Software Engineering
12 39 (10.74%) Fintech
13 38 (10.47%) Statistical Modelling
14 37 (10.19%) Visualisation
15 35 (9.64%) Open Source
15 35 (9.64%) Predictive Modelling
16 33 (9.09%) Validation
17 31 (8.54%) Problem-Solving
18 29 (7.99%) Neural Network
19 27 (7.44%) Data Analytics
Programming Languages
1 296 (81.54%) Python
2 114 (31.40%) SQL
3 111 (30.58%) C++
4 97 (26.72%) R
5 80 (22.04%) Java
6 39 (10.74%) Scala
7 38 (10.47%) MATLAB
8 37 (10.19%) C
9 33 (9.09%) JavaScript
10 25 (6.89%) Go
11 20 (5.51%) TypeScript
12 18 (4.96%) C#
13 7 (1.93%) Ruby
14 4 (1.10%) Perl
14 4 (1.10%) Smalltalk
14 4 (1.10%) SPARQL
15 3 (0.83%) Bash Shell
15 3 (0.83%) Julia
15 3 (0.83%) Rust
16 2 (0.55%) VBA
Qualifications
1 154 (42.42%) Degree
2 66 (18.18%) Master's Degree
3 24 (6.61%) Numerate Degree
4 16 (4.41%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (1.38%) CFA
6 3 (0.83%) SC Cleared
6 3 (0.83%) Security Cleared
7 2 (0.55%) Postgraduate
8 1 (0.28%) A+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (3.58%) QA
2 11 (3.03%) EMIR
2 11 (3.03%) MiFID
3 10 (2.75%) Dodd-Frank
4 6 (1.65%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.83%) IFRS
5 3 (0.83%) IFRS 9
6 2 (0.55%) PSD2
System Software
1 28 (7.71%) Docker
2 1 (0.28%) Apache Flume
2 1 (0.28%) Lustre
2 1 (0.28%) oVirt
Systems Management
1 32 (8.82%) Kubernetes
2 20 (5.51%) Terraform
3 19 (5.23%) Consul
4 7 (1.93%) Nessus
4 7 (1.93%) Nmap
4 7 (1.93%) Sysdig
5 4 (1.10%) Ansible
6 1 (0.28%) Grafana
6 1 (0.28%) Istio
6 1 (0.28%) Kibana
6 1 (0.28%) Knative
Vendors
1 50 (13.77%) Google
2 18 (4.96%) Tableau
3 8 (2.20%) Oracle
4 7 (1.93%) Qualys
4 7 (1.93%) Sybase
5 6 (1.65%) SAP
6 4 (1.10%) Alteryx
6 4 (1.10%) Databricks
7 3 (0.83%) Dell
7 3 (0.83%) Facebook
8 2 (0.55%) Apple
8 2 (0.55%) Microsoft
8 2 (0.55%) Xilinx
9 1 (0.28%) Adobe
9 1 (0.28%) IBM
9 1 (0.28%) Intel
9 1 (0.28%) Netezza
9 1 (0.28%) Sage
9 1 (0.28%) Salesforce.com
9 1 (0.28%) Splunk