Period
to 20 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 20 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

PhD
England > London
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 398 336 415
Rank change year-on-year -62 +79 +27
Permanent jobs citing PhD 560 706 675
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.75% 0.94% 0.76%
As % of the Qualifications category 3.32% 3.92% 2.95%
Number of salaries quoted 480 618 576
London median annual salary £67,500 £60,000 £67,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +12.50% -11.11% +35.00%
10th Percentile £38,750 £33,375 £33,875
90th Percentile £110,000 £115,000 £110,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +7.53%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 16892 17994 22875
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 22.48% 24.04% 25.67%
Number of salaries quoted 12602 14950 18652
London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £53,413
Median salary % change year-on-year - +2.97% +6.83%
10th Percentile £30,250 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £82,500
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -31 127 £63,750 -5.56% 19
West London +4 14 £50,000 +11.11% 3
East London +5 5 £90,000 +100.00% 2
South London -13 3 £37,500 -
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 357 (63.75%) Python
2 296 (52.86%) Machine Learning
3 233 (41.61%) Mathematics
4 223 (39.82%) Computer Science
5 215 (38.39%) Finance
6 195 (34.82%) Algorithms
7 192 (34.29%) Degree
8 189 (33.75%) Java
9 180 (32.14%) C++
10 167 (29.82%) Analytics
11 159 (28.39%) SQL
12 149 (26.61%) R
13 143 (25.54%) Software Engineering
14 129 (23.04%) Deep Learning
15 128 (22.86%) Big Data
16 115 (20.54%) Physics
17 114 (20.36%) Statistics
18 99 (17.68%) Apache Spark
19 98 (17.50%) Artificial Intelligence
19 98 (17.50%) Agile Software Development
20 90 (16.07%) Natural Language Processing
21 87 (15.54%) Hadoop
21 87 (15.54%) Linux
22 81 (14.46%) Scala
23 78 (13.93%) MATLAB
24 70 (12.50%) C#
24 70 (12.50%) Banking
25 69 (12.32%) TensorFlow
26 68 (12.14%) Analytical Skills
27 61 (10.89%) NoSQL

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 99 (17.68%) Apache Spark
2 21 (3.75%) SAS
3 10 (1.79%) JBoss
3 10 (1.79%) Skype for Business
3 10 (1.79%) Tomcat
4 9 (1.61%) Apache
4 9 (1.61%) Apache Pig
5 8 (1.43%) Ethereum
5 8 (1.43%) Hyperledger
6 7 (1.25%) Elasticsearch
7 6 (1.07%) OpenStack
8 5 (0.89%) Confluence
8 5 (0.89%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 5 (0.89%) WebSphere
8 5 (0.89%) WebSphere Application Server
9 4 (0.71%) Luigi
10 2 (0.36%) Apache Airflow
10 2 (0.36%) CMS
10 2 (0.36%) IIS
10 2 (0.36%) Jupyter
Applications
1 10 (1.79%) Microsoft Excel
1 10 (1.79%) Microsoft Office
1 10 (1.79%) SPSS
2 4 (0.71%) Maple
2 4 (0.71%) Mathematica
2 4 (0.71%) Stata
3 2 (0.36%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.36%) GNU Octave
3 2 (0.36%) LaTeX
3 2 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Cloud Services
1 48 (8.57%) Amazon AWS
2 33 (5.89%) Microsoft Azure
3 22 (3.93%) Cloud Computing
3 22 (3.93%) GitHub
4 14 (2.50%) SaaS
5 12 (2.14%) Google Cloud Platform
6 10 (1.79%) G Suite
7 6 (1.07%) Azure Machine Learning
7 6 (1.07%) Google Compute Engine
8 5 (0.89%) OpenShift
9 3 (0.54%) Google Analytics
10 2 (0.36%) Amazon EC2
10 2 (0.36%) Amazon S3
11 1 (0.18%) Amazon EMR
11 1 (0.18%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 1 (0.18%) Heroku
11 1 (0.18%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 16 (2.86%) TCP/IP
2 12 (2.14%) SAN
3 10 (1.79%) ADSL
3 10 (1.79%) Cisco ASA
3 10 (1.79%) DHCP
3 10 (1.79%) DNS
3 10 (1.79%) DSL
3 10 (1.79%) Firewall
3 10 (1.79%) LAN
3 10 (1.79%) VoIP
3 10 (1.79%) VPN
4 6 (1.07%) Ethernet
4 6 (1.07%) InfiniBand
5 5 (0.89%) Network Security
6 4 (0.71%) Internet
7 2 (0.36%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 128 (22.86%) Big Data
2 87 (15.54%) Hadoop
3 61 (10.89%) NoSQL
4 43 (7.68%) Data Mining
5 36 (6.43%) MongoDB
6 22 (3.93%) Blockchain
6 22 (3.93%) PostgreSQL
7 20 (3.57%) Apache Hive
8 18 (3.21%) Relational Database
9 17 (3.04%) Apache Cassandra
10 16 (2.86%) SQL Server
11 12 (2.14%) Data Warehouse
12 8 (1.43%) Flink
12 8 (1.43%) KDB
12 8 (1.43%) RDBMS
13 7 (1.25%) Neo4j
13 7 (1.25%) Power BI
13 7 (1.25%) Redis
14 6 (1.07%) Amazon Redshift
14 6 (1.07%) HBase
Development Applications
1 32 (5.71%) Jenkins
2 29 (5.18%) Git (software)
3 20 (3.57%) Mercurial
4 11 (1.96%) JUnit
5 5 (0.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 5 (0.89%) Bower
5 5 (0.89%) Grunt
5 5 (0.89%) JIRA
5 5 (0.89%) Travis CI
6 3 (0.54%) Gradle
7 2 (0.36%) Bitbucket
7 2 (0.36%) Maven
8 1 (0.18%) Codeship
8 1 (0.18%) GitLab
8 1 (0.18%) Team Foundation Server
8 1 (0.18%) Vagrant
General
1 215 (38.39%) Finance
2 70 (12.50%) Banking
3 52 (9.29%) Marketing
4 34 (6.07%) Front Office
5 32 (5.71%) Financial Institution
6 22 (3.93%) Games
6 22 (3.93%) Investment Banking
7 18 (3.21%) Retail
8 17 (3.04%) Publishing
9 13 (2.32%) Telecoms
10 9 (1.61%) Legal
10 9 (1.61%) Retail Banking
11 7 (1.25%) Advertising
12 6 (1.07%) Electronics
13 5 (0.89%) Pharmaceutical
14 4 (0.71%) Automotive
14 4 (0.71%) Back Office
14 4 (0.71%) International Banking
14 4 (0.71%) Manufacturing
15 2 (0.36%) Law
Job Titles
1 179 (31.96%) Data Scientist
2 127 (22.68%) Developer
3 61 (10.89%) Software Engineer
4 43 (7.68%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 40 (7.14%) Machine Learning Scientist
6 38 (6.79%) Python Developer
7 37 (6.61%) Analyst
8 35 (6.25%) Senior Data Scientist
9 30 (5.36%) C++ Developer
9 30 (5.36%) Qualitative Analyst
9 30 (5.36%) Quantitative Analyst
10 29 (5.18%) Java Developer
11 21 (3.75%) C++ Software Engineer
11 21 (3.75%) Data Engineer
12 19 (3.39%) Quantitative Developer
12 19 (3.39%) Senior Developer
13 16 (2.86%) JavaScript Developer
13 16 (2.86%) Research Engineer
14 13 (2.32%) Architect
14 13 (2.32%) Data Analytics Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 90 (16.07%) Natural Language Processing
2 69 (12.32%) TensorFlow
3 35 (6.25%) scikit-learn
4 33 (5.89%) NumPy
5 27 (4.82%) CSS
5 27 (4.82%) HTML
5 27 (4.82%) Pandas
6 25 (4.46%) SciPy
7 20 (3.57%) .NET
8 19 (3.39%) Theano
9 18 (3.21%) D3.js
10 16 (2.86%) Kafka
10 16 (2.86%) Keras
11 14 (2.50%) Highcharts JS
11 14 (2.50%) Matplotlib
11 14 (2.50%) Pyramid
11 14 (2.50%) Torch
12 12 (2.14%) Node.js
12 12 (2.14%) Qt
12 12 (2.14%) STL
Miscellaneous
1 223 (39.82%) Computer Science
2 195 (34.82%) Algorithms
3 68 (12.14%) Analytical Skills
4 58 (10.36%) Fintech
5 43 (7.68%) Hedge funds
6 26 (4.64%) Greenfield Project
7 22 (3.93%) Data Structures
8 21 (3.75%) Fixed Income
9 17 (3.04%) Derivative
10 15 (2.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 14 (2.50%) Social Media
12 12 (2.14%) 3D Graphics
12 12 (2.14%) Client/Server
12 12 (2.14%) Equities
13 9 (1.61%) Credit Risk
13 9 (1.61%) Enterprise Software
13 9 (1.61%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
13 9 (1.61%) Verilog
13 9 (1.61%) VHDL
14 8 (1.43%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 87 (15.54%) Linux
2 39 (6.96%) Windows
3 12 (2.14%) Windows Server
4 10 (1.79%) Windows 10
4 10 (1.79%) Windows Server 2003
4 10 (1.79%) Windows XP
5 9 (1.61%) Unix
6 6 (1.07%) Android
7 4 (0.71%) Apple iOS
8 3 (0.54%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.36%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 296 (52.86%) Machine Learning
2 233 (41.61%) Mathematics
3 167 (29.82%) Analytics
4 143 (25.54%) Software Engineering
5 129 (23.04%) Deep Learning
6 115 (20.54%) Physics
7 114 (20.36%) Statistics
8 98 (17.50%) Agile Software Development
8 98 (17.50%) Artificial Intelligence
9 58 (10.36%) Neural Network
9 58 (10.36%) OO
10 55 (9.82%) Data Analysis
11 45 (8.04%) Data Analytics
12 41 (7.32%) OOP
13 40 (7.14%) Computer Vision
13 40 (7.14%) TDD
14 39 (6.96%) Business Intelligence
15 36 (6.43%) Statistical Modelling
16 34 (6.07%) Continuous Integration
16 34 (6.07%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 357 (63.75%) Python
2 189 (33.75%) Java
3 180 (32.14%) C++
4 159 (28.39%) SQL
5 149 (26.61%) R
6 81 (14.46%) Scala
7 78 (13.93%) MATLAB
8 70 (12.50%) C#
9 57 (10.18%) C
10 56 (10.00%) JavaScript
11 17 (3.04%) Fortran
11 17 (3.04%) Julia
12 16 (2.86%) Go
12 16 (2.86%) Haskell
12 16 (2.86%) VBA
13 12 (2.14%) Perl
14 10 (1.79%) Clojure
15 8 (1.43%) Erlang
15 8 (1.43%) ML
15 8 (1.43%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 192 (34.29%) Degree
2 38 (6.79%) Master's Degree
3 28 (5.00%) Computer Science Degree
4 27 (4.82%) Numerate Degree
5 9 (1.61%) Postgraduate
6 3 (0.54%) (ISC)2 CCSP
6 3 (0.54%) CFA
6 3 (0.54%) Cisco Certification
6 3 (0.54%) GIAC
7 2 (0.36%) MBA
8 1 (0.18%) CIMA
8 1 (0.18%) OSCP
8 1 (0.18%) PMI Certification
8 1 (0.18%) PMP
8 1 (0.18%) RHCSA
8 1 (0.18%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (3.21%) QA
2 12 (2.14%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.36%) Actionable Recommendations
3 2 (0.36%) Dodd-Frank
3 2 (0.36%) EMIR
3 2 (0.36%) IFRS
3 2 (0.36%) IFRS 9
3 2 (0.36%) MiFID
System Software
1 23 (4.11%) Docker
2 10 (1.79%) Active Directory
2 10 (1.79%) XenServer
3 6 (1.07%) Ceph
3 6 (1.07%) GPFS
3 6 (1.07%) Slurm Workload Manager
4 3 (0.54%) HDFS
5 2 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.18%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 18 (3.21%) Ansible
2 12 (2.14%) Kubernetes
3 10 (1.79%) Backup Exec
3 10 (1.79%) XenMobile
4 7 (1.25%) Opscode Chef
4 7 (1.25%) Puppet
5 6 (1.07%) Grafana
5 6 (1.07%) Icinga
6 3 (0.54%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (0.18%) Ambari
7 1 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
7 1 (0.18%) Ganglia
7 1 (0.18%) Nagios
7 1 (0.18%) Oozie
7 1 (0.18%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 43 (7.68%) Google
2 36 (6.43%) Microsoft
3 20 (3.57%) Oracle
4 16 (2.86%) Tableau
5 10 (1.79%) Cisco
5 10 (1.79%) Citrix
5 10 (1.79%) HP
5 10 (1.79%) Palo Alto
5 10 (1.79%) Veeam
6 8 (1.43%) IBM
6 8 (1.43%) Twitter
7 7 (1.25%) Bloomberg
8 6 (1.07%) Intel
8 6 (1.07%) SaltStack
9 5 (0.89%) webMethods
10 3 (0.54%) Datactics
10 3 (0.54%) SAP
11 2 (0.36%) Databricks
11 2 (0.36%) Facebook
11 2 (0.36%) Red Hat