Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 390 306 402
Rank change year-on-year -84 +96 -78
Permanent jobs citing PhD 363 164 380
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 0.72% 0.84% 0.70%
As % of the Qualifications category 4.14% 4.16% 3.48%
Number of salaries quoted 139 142 312
10th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £46,375
25th Percentile £57,500 £57,500 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £83,323 £75,000 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.10% - -
75th Percentile £112,500 £99,375 £97,500
90th Percentile £128,000 £114,500 £115,000
England median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +4.00%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 8,770 3,945 10,914
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 17.37% 20.13% 20.09%
Number of salaries quoted 5,422 3,148 8,306
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £48,750 £48,313 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year - +8.33% -
75th Percentile £85,000 £83,750 £78,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £107,875 £96,250
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -51 55 £77,500 +6.90% 14
West London -82 3 - - 6
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 221 (60.88%) Python
2 169 (46.56%) Data Science
3 164 (45.18%) Computer Science
3 164 (45.18%) Machine Learning
4 116 (31.96%) Analytics
5 115 (31.68%) Social Skills
6 114 (31.40%) Mathematics
7 109 (30.03%) Statistics
8 106 (29.20%) Finance
9 105 (28.93%) Algorithms
10 99 (27.27%) Degree
11 89 (24.52%) C++
12 86 (23.69%) TensorFlow
13 84 (23.14%) Software Engineering
14 81 (22.31%) Artificial Intelligence
15 68 (18.73%) Visualisation
15 68 (18.73%) Problem-Solving
16 65 (17.91%) Physics
16 65 (17.91%) Deep Learning
17 64 (17.63%) Analytical Skills
18 63 (17.36%) Marketing
19 62 (17.08%) SQL
20 59 (16.25%) Natural Language Processing
21 58 (15.98%) Neural Network
22 57 (15.70%) Agile Software Development
23 56 (15.43%) Java
24 55 (15.15%) JavaScript
25 53 (14.60%) PyTorch
26 49 (13.50%) R
26 49 (13.50%) scikit-learn

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (8.82%) Apache Spark
2 19 (5.23%) SAS
3 10 (2.75%) Elasticsearch
4 8 (2.20%) Jupyter
5 6 (1.65%) Ethereum
6 2 (0.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 2 (0.55%) CMS
7 1 (0.28%) Apache
7 1 (0.28%) Luigi
7 1 (0.28%) SugarCRM
Applications
1 3 (0.83%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.55%) Stata
3 1 (0.28%) Final Cut Pro
3 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.28%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 8 (2.20%) SAP S/4HANA
2 5 (1.38%) Primavera
3 4 (1.10%) Summit
4 2 (0.55%) FINCAD Analytics
4 2 (0.55%) SAP BPC
4 2 (0.55%) SAP IBP
Cloud Services
1 28 (7.71%) AWS
2 25 (6.89%) GCP
3 20 (5.51%) SaaS
4 13 (3.58%) Azure
5 10 (2.75%) Veeva
6 8 (2.20%) Serverless
7 7 (1.93%) Power Platform
8 4 (1.10%) Amazon ECS
8 4 (1.10%) AWS Fargate
8 4 (1.10%) PaaS
9 3 (0.83%) Amazon S3
9 3 (0.83%) Amazon SageMaker
9 3 (0.83%) AWS Lambda
9 3 (0.83%) Cloud Computing
10 2 (0.55%) GitHub
11 1 (0.28%) Azure Machine Learning
11 1 (0.28%) Google Analytics
11 1 (0.28%) Google Drive
11 1 (0.28%) Google Workspace
11 1 (0.28%) MailChimp
Communications & Networking
1 7 (1.93%) Internet
2 5 (1.38%) GSM
3 2 (0.55%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (7.99%) Big Data
2 25 (6.89%) NoSQL
3 18 (4.96%) Data Mining
4 17 (4.68%) Data Warehouse
5 16 (4.41%) Tableau
6 15 (4.13%) Hadoop
6 15 (4.13%) PostgreSQL
6 15 (4.13%) Relational Database
7 10 (2.75%) Redis
8 8 (2.20%) Apache Cassandra
9 7 (1.93%) Power BI
10 6 (1.65%) Blockchain
11 5 (1.38%) RDBMS
12 4 (1.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 3 (0.83%) Amazon Athena
13 3 (0.83%) Amazon Redshift
13 3 (0.83%) Electronic Patient Records
14 2 (0.55%) Data Lake
14 2 (0.55%) KDB
15 1 (0.28%) Base SAS
Development Applications
1 35 (9.64%) Git (software)
2 16 (4.41%) PostCSS
2 16 (4.41%) Storybook
3 12 (3.31%) GitLab
4 8 (2.20%) Maven
5 6 (1.65%) gulp
5 6 (1.65%) webpack
6 3 (0.83%) Bitbucket
7 2 (0.55%) CircleCI
7 2 (0.55%) CMake
7 2 (0.55%) JIRA
8 1 (0.28%) git-flow
8 1 (0.28%) MLflow
General
1 115 (31.68%) Social Skills
2 106 (29.20%) Finance
3 64 (17.63%) Analytical Skills
4 63 (17.36%) Marketing
5 49 (13.50%) Presentation Skills
6 42 (11.57%) Banking
7 37 (10.19%) Retail
8 35 (9.64%) Games
9 32 (8.82%) Pharmaceutical
10 20 (5.51%) Front Office
11 13 (3.58%) Public Sector
11 13 (3.58%) Telecoms
12 10 (2.75%) Advertising
12 10 (2.75%) Financial Institution
12 10 (2.75%) Manufacturing
13 6 (1.65%) Legal
14 5 (1.38%) Automotive
14 5 (1.38%) French Language
14 5 (1.38%) German Language
14 5 (1.38%) Law
Job Titles
1 108 (29.75%) Data Scientist
2 52 (14.33%) Developer
3 49 (13.50%) Senior Data Scientist
4 33 (9.09%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 31 (8.54%) Software Engineer
6 24 (6.61%) Consultant
7 23 (6.34%) Machine Learning Engineer
8 20 (5.51%) Machine Learning Scientist
9 16 (4.41%) Head of Data Science
10 15 (4.13%) Analyst
11 14 (3.86%) C# Developer
11 14 (3.86%) Senior Software Engineer
12 13 (3.58%) Quantitative Developer
13 11 (3.03%) 3D Developer
14 10 (2.75%) Architect
14 10 (2.75%) Commercial Consultant
14 10 (2.75%) Qualitative Analyst
14 10 (2.75%) Quantitative Analyst
15 9 (2.48%) Python Engineer
16 8 (2.20%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 86 (23.69%) TensorFlow
2 53 (14.60%) PyTorch
3 49 (13.50%) scikit-learn
4 47 (12.95%) React
5 40 (11.02%) Keras
6 36 (9.92%) Node.js
7 35 (9.64%) NumPy
8 32 (8.82%) Torch
9 30 (8.26%) CSS
10 23 (6.34%) Pandas
11 22 (6.06%) Theano
12 19 (5.23%) SciPy
13 16 (4.41%) CSS3
13 16 (4.41%) HTML
13 16 (4.41%) HTML5
13 16 (4.41%) Jest
13 16 (4.41%) LESS
13 16 (4.41%) Redux
13 16 (4.41%) Sass
14 15 (4.13%) Chainer
Miscellaneous
1 105 (28.93%) Algorithms
2 35 (9.64%) User Experience
3 18 (4.96%) Augmented Reality
3 18 (4.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 17 (4.68%) Enterprise Software
5 16 (4.41%) Life Science
5 16 (4.41%) W3C
6 15 (4.13%) Hedge funds
7 13 (3.58%) Equities
8 12 (3.31%) Robotics
9 11 (3.03%) Fixed Income
9 11 (3.03%) Market Risk
9 11 (3.03%) Social Media
10 10 (2.75%) Blog
10 10 (2.75%) Industrial Internet of Things
11 9 (2.48%) Self-Motivation
12 8 (2.20%) Exotic Derivative
13 7 (1.93%) Derivative
13 7 (1.93%) Management Information System
13 7 (1.93%) Marketing Technology
Operating Systems
1 17 (4.68%) Android
1 17 (4.68%) Apple iOS
2 8 (2.20%) Windows
3 7 (1.93%) Linux
4 4 (1.10%) Unix
5 2 (0.55%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 169 (46.56%) Data Science
2 164 (45.18%) Computer Science
2 164 (45.18%) Machine Learning
3 116 (31.96%) Analytics
4 114 (31.40%) Mathematics
5 109 (30.03%) Statistics
6 84 (23.14%) Software Engineering
7 81 (22.31%) Artificial Intelligence
8 68 (18.73%) Problem-Solving
8 68 (18.73%) Visualisation
9 65 (17.91%) Deep Learning
9 65 (17.91%) Physics
10 59 (16.25%) Natural Language Processing
11 58 (15.98%) Neural Network
12 57 (15.70%) Agile Software Development
13 39 (10.74%) Data Visualisation
13 39 (10.74%) Prototyping
14 38 (10.47%) Data Analysis
15 37 (10.19%) Computer Vision
15 37 (10.19%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 221 (60.88%) Python
2 89 (24.52%) C++
3 62 (17.08%) SQL
4 56 (15.43%) Java
5 55 (15.15%) JavaScript
6 49 (13.50%) R
7 42 (11.57%) MATLAB
8 38 (10.47%) TypeScript
9 27 (7.44%) C#
10 18 (4.96%) C
11 16 (4.41%) ES6
12 10 (2.75%) Cython
13 8 (2.20%) Go
13 8 (2.20%) Java 8
14 7 (1.93%) Scala
15 5 (1.38%) Ruby
15 5 (1.38%) VB
16 3 (0.83%) Julia
16 3 (0.83%) PHP
17 1 (0.28%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 99 (27.27%) Degree
2 37 (10.19%) Master's Degree
3 32 (8.82%) Numerate Degree
4 18 (4.96%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (3.58%) MBA
6 6 (1.65%) Postgraduate
7 5 (1.38%) Chartered Engineer
8 4 (1.10%) PMI Certification
8 4 (1.10%) PMP
8 4 (1.10%) SC Cleared
8 4 (1.10%) Security Cleared
9 3 (0.83%) APMP
10 2 (0.55%) CFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (4.68%) Accessibility
2 8 (2.20%) Dodd-Frank
2 8 (2.20%) EMIR
2 8 (2.20%) MiFID
3 5 (1.38%) HAZOP
3 5 (1.38%) IEC 61508
3 5 (1.38%) ISO 26262
4 4 (1.10%) GDPR
5 2 (0.55%) CDISC
5 2 (0.55%) Data Quality
System Software
1 26 (7.16%) Docker
2 2 (0.55%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 11 (3.03%) Ansible
2 10 (2.75%) Kubernetes
3 6 (1.65%) Terraform
4 5 (1.38%) Docker Swarm
5 1 (0.28%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 32 (8.82%) Google
2 21 (5.79%) IBM
3 11 (3.03%) Yahoo!
4 9 (2.48%) SAP
5 6 (1.65%) ConsenSys
5 6 (1.65%) Infragistics
6 5 (1.38%) Autodesk
7 3 (0.83%) Oracle
8 2 (0.55%) Adobe
8 2 (0.55%) Ariba
8 2 (0.55%) Marketo
8 2 (0.55%) Red Hat
8 2 (0.55%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
8 2 (0.55%) Salesforce.com
9 1 (0.28%) Blue Prism
9 1 (0.28%) Facebook
9 1 (0.28%) Hootsuite
9 1 (0.28%) LexisNexis
9 1 (0.28%) MuleSoft
9 1 (0.28%) Twitter