Period
to 20 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 20 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil)
England > London
6 months to
20 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 306 377 338
Rank change year-on-year +71 -39 +72
Permanent jobs citing PhD 718 599 731
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 1.06% 0.81% 0.95%
As % of the Qualifications category 4.77% 3.56% 3.93%
Number of salaries quoted 622 507 632
London median annual salary £75,000 £67,500 £59,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% +14.41% -9.23%
10th Percentile £42,500 £37,500 £33,750
90th Percentile £132,500 £102,500 £107,250
England median annual salary £62,500 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +13.64% +10.00% +5.26%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 15,046 16,813 18,592
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 22.29% 22.66% 24.17%
Number of salaries quoted 11,218 12,470 15,525
London median annual salary £60,000 £56,250 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.67% +2.27% +2.80%
10th Percentile £31,000 £30,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £87,500
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.15% +3.33%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 20 October 2018.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 20 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +16 166 £70,000 +7.69% 47
West London +43 14 £60,000 +20.00% 14
South London +10 12 £40,000 +6.67% 1
East London -13 3 £72,500 -18.31% 6
North London - 2 £92,500 - 2
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 20 October 2018, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 504 (70.19%) Python
2 367 (51.11%) Machine Learning
3 362 (50.42%) Mathematics
4 328 (45.68%) C++
5 316 (44.01%) Computer Science
6 274 (38.16%) Degree
7 264 (36.77%) Data Science
8 256 (35.65%) Java
9 245 (34.12%) Artificial Intelligence
10 211 (29.39%) Statistics
11 208 (28.97%) Algorithms
12 199 (27.72%) Finance
13 197 (27.44%) Deep Learning
14 186 (25.91%) Physics
15 183 (25.49%) Natural Language Processing
16 181 (25.21%) Software Engineering
17 179 (24.93%) R
18 169 (23.54%) Analytics
19 150 (20.89%) SQL
20 131 (18.25%) Neural Network
21 128 (17.83%) Bayesian Methods
22 121 (16.85%) Big Data
23 97 (13.51%) C#
24 94 (13.09%) MATLAB
24 94 (13.09%) Probabilistic Modelling
25 91 (12.67%) C
26 89 (12.40%) TensorFlow
27 87 (12.12%) Agile Software Development
28 82 (11.42%) Analytical Skills
29 78 (10.86%) Reinforcement Learning

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 67 (9.33%) Apache Spark
2 24 (3.34%) SAS
3 20 (2.79%) Ethereum
4 18 (2.51%) Apache Pig
5 10 (1.39%) Amazon Alexa
6 9 (1.25%) Apache
7 5 (0.70%) Elasticsearch
8 3 (0.42%) Kinematics
8 3 (0.42%) nginx
9 2 (0.28%) Apache Solr
9 2 (0.28%) Jupyter
10 1 (0.14%) Confluence
10 1 (0.14%) IPython
Applications
1 16 (2.23%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (1.39%) Chatbot
3 9 (1.25%) SPSS
4 4 (0.56%) GNU Octave
4 4 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.14%) Gephi
7 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.14%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.14%) Simulink
7 1 (0.14%) SPSS Modeler
7 1 (0.14%) Stata
Business Applications
1 2 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
1 2 (0.28%) Misys Midas
1 2 (0.28%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 57 (7.94%) Amazon AWS
2 33 (4.60%) Microsoft Azure
3 18 (2.51%) Cloud Computing
4 15 (2.09%) Google Cloud Platform
5 14 (1.95%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
6 13 (1.81%) GitHub
7 10 (1.39%) Siri
8 3 (0.42%) Amazon EMR
8 3 (0.42%) SaaS
9 2 (0.28%) Azure Data Factory
9 2 (0.28%) iTunes
10 1 (0.14%) Amazon EC2
10 1 (0.14%) AWS Data Pipeline
10 1 (0.14%) IaaS
10 1 (0.14%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 12 (1.67%) Network Security
2 8 (1.11%) Internet
3 6 (0.84%) HTTP
4 2 (0.28%) Broadband
4 2 (0.28%) DNS
4 2 (0.28%) Radio Access Network
5 1 (0.14%) 5G
5 1 (0.14%) AMQP
5 1 (0.14%) GSM
5 1 (0.14%) LTE
5 1 (0.14%) MQTT
5 1 (0.14%) UMTS
5 1 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 121 (16.85%) Big Data
2 76 (10.58%) Blockchain
3 62 (8.64%) Hadoop
4 37 (5.15%) Apache Hive
5 25 (3.48%) Relational Database
6 21 (2.92%) Data Mining
6 21 (2.92%) NoSQL
7 19 (2.65%) MySQL
8 12 (1.67%) MongoDB
8 12 (1.67%) PostgreSQL
9 9 (1.25%) RDBMS
9 9 (1.25%) Text Mining
10 8 (1.11%) SQL Server
11 7 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
12 6 (0.84%) Data Warehouse
12 6 (0.84%) GIS
12 6 (0.84%) HBase
13 5 (0.70%) Impala
14 4 (0.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 4 (0.56%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 11 (1.53%) Git (software)
2 5 (0.70%) Gradle
3 4 (0.56%) JIRA
4 3 (0.42%) Jenkins
5 2 (0.28%) Bitbucket
5 2 (0.28%) Eclipse
5 2 (0.28%) JUnit
5 2 (0.28%) Maven
5 2 (0.28%) RStudio
6 1 (0.14%) Octopus Deploy
6 1 (0.14%) SpecFlow
6 1 (0.14%) Subversion
6 1 (0.14%) TeamCity
6 1 (0.14%) Travis CI
6 1 (0.14%) Visual Studio
6 1 (0.14%) Xcode
General
1 199 (27.72%) Finance
2 73 (10.17%) Banking
3 43 (5.99%) Publishing
4 33 (4.60%) Front Office
5 32 (4.46%) Games
6 26 (3.62%) Marketing
7 24 (3.34%) Advertising
8 22 (3.06%) Investment Banking
9 21 (2.92%) Retail
10 20 (2.79%) Financial Institution
11 15 (2.09%) Electronics
12 7 (0.97%) Telecoms
13 6 (0.84%) Manufacturing
14 4 (0.56%) Legal
15 3 (0.42%) Automotive
15 3 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
16 2 (0.28%) Aerospace
16 2 (0.28%) Law
17 1 (0.14%) Back Office
17 1 (0.14%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 190 (26.46%) Data Scientist
2 124 (17.27%) Developer
3 78 (10.86%) Software Engineer
4 70 (9.75%) Machine Learning Researcher
5 66 (9.19%) Senior Data Scientist
6 57 (7.94%) Analyst
7 44 (6.13%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 44 (6.13%) Qualitative Analyst
7 44 (6.13%) Quantitative Analyst
8 40 (5.57%) Java Developer
9 31 (4.32%) Python Engineer
10 30 (4.18%) Architect
10 30 (4.18%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 27 (3.76%) C++ Developer
11 27 (3.76%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 27 (3.76%) Quantitative Developer
12 26 (3.62%) Java Engineer
12 26 (3.62%) Java Software Engineer
13 23 (3.20%) Python Developer
14 20 (2.79%) Graduate
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 183 (25.49%) Natural Language Processing
2 89 (12.40%) TensorFlow
3 43 (5.99%) HTML
4 41 (5.71%) NumPy
5 40 (5.57%) Pandas
6 36 (5.01%) CSS
7 31 (4.32%) Ajax
8 29 (4.04%) scikit-learn
9 27 (3.76%) GWT
10 23 (3.20%) Keras
10 23 (3.20%) SciPy
11 17 (2.37%) Smart Contracts
11 17 (2.37%) Theano
12 14 (1.95%) AngularJS
12 14 (1.95%) Node.js
12 14 (1.95%) React
13 13 (1.81%) Caffe
14 12 (1.67%) D3.js
14 12 (1.67%) MLlib
14 12 (1.67%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 316 (44.01%) Computer Science
2 208 (28.97%) Algorithms
3 82 (11.42%) Analytical Skills
4 75 (10.45%) Fintech
5 60 (8.36%) Hedge funds
6 40 (5.57%) Equities
7 31 (4.32%) Data Structures
7 31 (4.32%) Xbox
8 30 (4.18%) Bitcoin
9 29 (4.04%) Derivative
9 29 (4.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 28 (3.90%) Fixed Income
11 25 (3.48%) Credit Risk
11 25 (3.48%) Self-Motivation
12 24 (3.34%) Management Information System
13 16 (2.23%) Exotic Derivative
14 14 (1.95%) Cyberthreat
14 14 (1.95%) Digital Currency
14 14 (1.95%) Robotics
15 13 (1.81%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 48 (6.69%) Linux
2 14 (1.95%) Windows
3 6 (0.84%) Android
3 6 (0.84%) Unix
4 3 (0.42%) Apple iOS
4 3 (0.42%) Robot Operating System
5 2 (0.28%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.14%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 367 (51.11%) Machine Learning
2 362 (50.42%) Mathematics
3 264 (36.77%) Data Science
4 245 (34.12%) Artificial Intelligence
5 211 (29.39%) Statistics
6 197 (27.44%) Deep Learning
7 186 (25.91%) Physics
8 181 (25.21%) Software Engineering
9 169 (23.54%) Analytics
10 131 (18.25%) Neural Network
11 128 (17.83%) Bayesian Methods
12 94 (13.09%) Probabilistic Modelling
13 87 (12.12%) Agile Software Development
14 78 (10.86%) Reinforcement Learning
15 62 (8.64%) Problem-Solving
16 59 (8.22%) Visualisation
17 56 (7.80%) Data Analysis
18 45 (6.27%) Econometrics
19 44 (6.13%) Markov Model
19 44 (6.13%) Quantitative Research
Programming Languages
1 504 (70.19%) Python
2 328 (45.68%) C++
3 256 (35.65%) Java
4 179 (24.93%) R
5 150 (20.89%) SQL
6 97 (13.51%) C#
7 94 (13.09%) MATLAB
8 91 (12.67%) C
9 63 (8.77%) JavaScript
10 53 (7.38%) Scala
11 35 (4.87%) Java 8
12 22 (3.06%) Julia
13 18 (2.51%) VBA
14 11 (1.53%) Perl
15 9 (1.25%) Go
15 9 (1.25%) Ruby
16 6 (0.84%) Cython
16 6 (0.84%) Kotlin
16 6 (0.84%) PHP
17 4 (0.56%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 274 (38.16%) Degree
2 64 (8.91%) MPhil
3 48 (6.69%) Master's Degree
4 33 (4.60%) Numerate Degree
5 32 (4.46%) Computer Science Degree
6 12 (1.67%) Postgraduate
7 10 (1.39%) PMI Certification
7 10 (1.39%) PMP
8 9 (1.25%) DV Cleared
8 9 (1.25%) Security Cleared
9 2 (0.28%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (1.81%) QA
2 11 (1.53%) MiFID
3 8 (1.11%) Dodd-Frank
3 8 (1.11%) EMIR
4 2 (0.28%) IFRS
4 2 (0.28%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.14%) GDPR
System Software
1 11 (1.53%) Apache Flume
2 9 (1.25%) Docker
3 3 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 3 (0.42%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 4 (0.56%) Kubernetes
1 4 (0.56%) Oozie
1 4 (0.56%) Opscode Chef
2 2 (0.28%) Terraform
3 1 (0.14%) Ansible
3 1 (0.14%) Mesos
3 1 (0.14%) Puppet
Vendors
1 27 (3.76%) Google
2 16 (2.23%) Microsoft
3 9 (1.25%) Apple
4 7 (0.97%) Tableau
5 6 (0.84%) Facebook
6 4 (0.56%) Oracle
6 4 (0.56%) RapidMiner
7 3 (0.42%) IBM
8 2 (0.28%) Cloudera
8 2 (0.28%) Hortonworks
8 2 (0.28%) Splunk
8 2 (0.28%) Twitter
8 2 (0.28%) Vertica
9 1 (0.14%) Atlassian
9 1 (0.14%) Bloomberg
9 1 (0.14%) Databricks
9 1 (0.14%) MapR
9 1 (0.14%) SAP
9 1 (0.14%) Sybase