Period
to 25 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 25 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

PhD
England > London
6 months to
25 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 321 302 342
Rank change year-on-year -19 +40 +105
Permanent jobs citing PhD 703 701 788
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 1.01% 1.03% 0.96%
As % of the Qualifications category 4.38% 4.36% 3.73%
Number of salaries quoted 640 612 721
London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +16.67% +9.09%
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £36,250
90th Percentile £115,000 £118,750 £100,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +10.53%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 16,066 16,093 21,125
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 22.98% 23.58% 25.68%
Number of salaries quoted 12,192 12,838 17,639
London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £86,250
England median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £47,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% -4.26% +4.44%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 25 May 2018.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 25 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -52 115 £70,000 -21.13% 18
West London +29 21 £37,500 +15.38% 11
South London +7 14 £40,000 -38.46% 3
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 25 May 2018, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 470 (66.86%) Python
2 367 (52.20%) Machine Learning
3 343 (48.79%) Data Science
4 341 (48.51%) Computer Science
5 317 (45.09%) Mathematics
6 304 (43.24%) C++
7 230 (32.72%) Degree
8 228 (32.43%) Algorithms
9 218 (31.01%) Analytics
10 204 (29.02%) R
11 200 (28.45%) Java
12 198 (28.17%) Artificial Intelligence
13 187 (26.60%) Statistics
14 171 (24.32%) Big Data
15 168 (23.90%) Software Engineering
16 166 (23.61%) Physics
17 163 (23.19%) Finance
18 162 (23.04%) Deep Learning
19 148 (21.05%) SQL
20 139 (19.77%) Natural Language Processing
21 118 (16.79%) Apache Spark
22 102 (14.51%) Problem-Solving
23 97 (13.80%) Agile Software Development
24 93 (13.23%) Hadoop
25 92 (13.09%) MATLAB
26 86 (12.23%) C
27 84 (11.95%) Analytical Skills
28 82 (11.66%) Scala
29 73 (10.38%) C#
30 72 (10.24%) Neural Network

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 118 (16.79%) Apache Spark
2 37 (5.26%) SAS
3 17 (2.42%) Apache
4 13 (1.85%) Apache Pig
5 9 (1.28%) Elasticsearch
6 6 (0.85%) Luigi
7 5 (0.71%) Apache Solr
7 5 (0.71%) BizTalk Server
7 5 (0.71%) Confluence
8 4 (0.57%) Ethereum
9 1 (0.14%) Apache Airflow
9 1 (0.14%) Hyperledger
9 1 (0.14%) Jupyter
9 1 (0.14%) SharePoint
Applications
1 18 (2.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (1.71%) SPSS
3 7 (1.00%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.85%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.71%) Chatbot
5 5 (0.71%) GNU Octave
6 4 (0.57%) Mathematica
6 4 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.14%) Gephi
7 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.14%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 3 (0.43%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.28%) Misys Midas
3 1 (0.14%) Cognos Business Intelligence
Cloud Services
1 72 (10.24%) Amazon AWS
2 41 (5.83%) Microsoft Azure
3 10 (1.42%) Google Cloud Platform
4 9 (1.28%) GitHub
5 8 (1.14%) Cloud Computing
6 5 (0.71%) Amazon EC2
6 5 (0.71%) Amazon Kinesis
6 5 (0.71%) Amazon S3
6 5 (0.71%) Google Analytics
7 4 (0.57%) Amazon SQS
7 4 (0.57%) G Suite
8 2 (0.28%) SaaS
9 1 (0.14%) Adobe Analytics
9 1 (0.14%) Amazon EMR
9 1 (0.14%) Azure Machine Learning
9 1 (0.14%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
Communications & Networking
1 26 (3.70%) Internet
2 11 (1.56%) Network Security
3 4 (0.57%) ADSL
3 4 (0.57%) Cisco ASA
3 4 (0.57%) DHCP
3 4 (0.57%) DNS
3 4 (0.57%) DSL
3 4 (0.57%) Firewall
3 4 (0.57%) LAN
3 4 (0.57%) TCP/IP
3 4 (0.57%) VoIP
3 4 (0.57%) VPN
4 3 (0.43%) HTTP
4 3 (0.43%) Radio Access Network
5 1 (0.14%) HTTPS
5 1 (0.14%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 171 (24.32%) Big Data
2 93 (13.23%) Hadoop
3 57 (8.11%) NoSQL
4 46 (6.54%) Blockchain
5 37 (5.26%) Relational Database
6 33 (4.69%) Apache Hive
7 31 (4.41%) Data Mining
8 26 (3.70%) MySQL
9 21 (2.99%) Apache Cassandra
10 20 (2.84%) MongoDB
11 18 (2.56%) HBase
12 12 (1.71%) Amazon Redshift
13 11 (1.56%) Flink
14 10 (1.42%) Impala
15 9 (1.28%) PostgreSQL
15 9 (1.28%) QlikView
16 8 (1.14%) Power BI
17 7 (1.00%) RDBMS
18 6 (0.85%) GIS
19 5 (0.71%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 8 (1.14%) Jenkins
1 8 (1.14%) JIRA
2 7 (1.00%) Git (software)
3 5 (0.71%) Axure RP
3 5 (0.71%) Maven
4 4 (0.57%) Eclipse
4 4 (0.57%) Gradle
4 4 (0.57%) JUnit
4 4 (0.57%) Spinnaker
4 4 (0.57%) Travis CI
5 2 (0.28%) Visual Studio
6 1 (0.14%) Cucumber
6 1 (0.14%) RStudio
6 1 (0.14%) Selenium
6 1 (0.14%) SpecFlow
6 1 (0.14%) Team Foundation Server
6 1 (0.14%) Xcode
General
1 163 (23.19%) Finance
2 68 (9.67%) Banking
3 47 (6.69%) Marketing
4 35 (4.98%) Front Office
5 32 (4.55%) Investment Banking
6 27 (3.84%) Games
7 26 (3.70%) Financial Institution
8 23 (3.27%) Advertising
8 23 (3.27%) Retail
9 20 (2.84%) Publishing
10 19 (2.70%) Telecoms
11 12 (1.71%) Legal
12 11 (1.56%) Electronics
13 10 (1.42%) Law
14 9 (1.28%) Manufacturing
15 5 (0.71%) Back Office
15 5 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
16 2 (0.28%) Automotive
17 1 (0.14%) Aerospace
17 1 (0.14%) Mandarin Language
Job Titles
1 221 (31.44%) Data Scientist
2 130 (18.49%) Developer
3 68 (9.67%) Senior Data Scientist
3 68 (9.67%) Software Engineer
4 55 (7.82%) Analyst
5 42 (5.97%) Machine Learning Scientist
6 40 (5.69%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 37 (5.26%) Java Developer
7 37 (5.26%) Qualitative Analyst
7 37 (5.26%) Quantitative Analyst
8 35 (4.98%) C++ Developer
9 31 (4.41%) Quantitative Developer
10 26 (3.70%) Research Scientist
11 25 (3.56%) Python Developer
12 24 (3.41%) Senior Developer
13 22 (3.13%) Java Engineer
14 21 (2.99%) Junior
15 19 (2.70%) Architect
15 19 (2.70%) Software Developer
16 18 (2.56%) C++ Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 139 (19.77%) Natural Language Processing
2 69 (9.82%) TensorFlow
3 52 (7.40%) scikit-learn
4 47 (6.69%) NumPy
5 38 (5.41%) Pandas
6 29 (4.13%) SciPy
7 28 (3.98%) Kafka
8 27 (3.84%) CSS
8 27 (3.84%) HTML
9 26 (3.70%) Keras
10 23 (3.27%) React
11 21 (2.99%) Node.js
12 20 (2.84%) Web Services
13 16 (2.28%) REST
14 15 (2.13%) Smart Contracts
15 14 (1.99%) .NET
15 14 (1.99%) Ajax
15 14 (1.99%) GWT
16 13 (1.85%) Swing
17 12 (1.71%) STL
Miscellaneous
1 341 (48.51%) Computer Science
2 228 (32.43%) Algorithms
3 84 (11.95%) Analytical Skills
4 69 (9.82%) Fintech
5 60 (8.53%) Data Structures
6 41 (5.83%) Greenfield Project
7 35 (4.98%) Hedge funds
8 33 (4.69%) Equities
9 24 (3.41%) Self-Motivation
10 22 (3.13%) Derivative
11 20 (2.84%) Bitcoin
12 19 (2.70%) Credit Risk
12 19 (2.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 18 (2.56%) Social Media
14 17 (2.42%) NHS
15 15 (2.13%) Cyberthreat
16 14 (1.99%) Exotic Derivative
16 14 (1.99%) Market Risk
16 14 (1.99%) Xbox
17 12 (1.71%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 67 (9.53%) Linux
2 19 (2.70%) Unix
3 10 (1.42%) Windows
4 4 (0.57%) CoreOS
4 4 (0.57%) Windows 10
4 4 (0.57%) Windows Server
4 4 (0.57%) Windows Server 2003
4 4 (0.57%) Windows XP
5 2 (0.28%) Android
5 2 (0.28%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.28%) CentOS
5 2 (0.28%) Robot Operating System
5 2 (0.28%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.14%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 367 (52.20%) Machine Learning
2 343 (48.79%) Data Science
3 317 (45.09%) Mathematics
4 218 (31.01%) Analytics
5 198 (28.17%) Artificial Intelligence
6 187 (26.60%) Statistics
7 168 (23.90%) Software Engineering
8 166 (23.61%) Physics
9 162 (23.04%) Deep Learning
10 102 (14.51%) Problem-Solving
11 97 (13.80%) Agile Software Development
12 72 (10.24%) Neural Network
13 71 (10.10%) Bayesian Methods
14 62 (8.82%) OO
15 55 (7.82%) Data Analysis
16 54 (7.68%) Visualisation
17 52 (7.40%) Reinforcement Learning
18 51 (7.25%) Statistical Modelling
19 47 (6.69%) Predictive Modelling
20 46 (6.54%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 470 (66.86%) Python
2 304 (43.24%) C++
3 204 (29.02%) R
4 200 (28.45%) Java
5 148 (21.05%) SQL
6 92 (13.09%) MATLAB
7 86 (12.23%) C
8 82 (11.66%) Scala
9 73 (10.38%) C#
10 60 (8.53%) JavaScript
11 24 (3.41%) Java 8
12 22 (3.13%) Go
13 14 (1.99%) VBA
14 13 (1.85%) Kotlin
15 8 (1.14%) T-SQL
15 8 (1.14%) XPath
16 6 (0.85%) Fortran
16 6 (0.85%) Perl
17 3 (0.43%) Bash Shell
17 3 (0.43%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 230 (32.72%) Degree
2 58 (8.25%) Master's Degree
3 25 (3.56%) Numerate Degree
4 24 (3.41%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (0.43%) PMP
6 2 (0.28%) MBA
6 2 (0.28%) PMI Certification
6 2 (0.28%) Postgraduate
6 2 (0.28%) Security Cleared
7 1 (0.14%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (1.71%) MiFID
1 12 (1.71%) QA
2 10 (1.42%) Dodd-Frank
2 10 (1.42%) EMIR
3 7 (1.00%) GDPR
4 3 (0.43%) Actionable Recommendations
4 3 (0.43%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.14%) Val IT
System Software
1 29 (4.13%) Docker
2 12 (1.71%) Apache Flume
3 4 (0.57%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.14%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 16 (2.28%) Kubernetes
2 4 (0.57%) Backup Exec
2 4 (0.57%) Fluentd
2 4 (0.57%) Grafana
2 4 (0.57%) logstash
2 4 (0.57%) Prometheus
2 4 (0.57%) Rancher
2 4 (0.57%) Terraform
3 3 (0.43%) Oozie
3 3 (0.43%) Opscode Chef
4 2 (0.28%) Ansible
4 2 (0.28%) Docker Swarm
4 2 (0.28%) Puppet
5 1 (0.14%) EMC NetWorker
Vendors
1 47 (6.69%) Google
2 19 (2.70%) Microsoft
2 19 (2.70%) Tableau
3 12 (1.71%) Twitter
4 9 (1.28%) Cloudera
4 9 (1.28%) Hortonworks
4 9 (1.28%) MapR
5 7 (1.00%) Capita
6 4 (0.57%) Cisco
6 4 (0.57%) Databricks
6 4 (0.57%) HP
6 4 (0.57%) IBM
6 4 (0.57%) Oracle
6 4 (0.57%) Palo Alto
6 4 (0.57%) Teradata
6 4 (0.57%) Veeam
7 3 (0.43%) Sybase
8 2 (0.28%) Red Hat
9 1 (0.14%) Adobe
9 1 (0.14%) Salesforce.com