Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 30 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
30 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 444 388 364
Rank change year-on-year -56 -24 +21
Permanent jobs citing PhD 597 309 239
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 0.79% 0.75% 0.72%
As % of the Qualifications category 4.15% 4.12% 3.65%
Number of salaries quoted 217 163 202
10th Percentile £57,528 £45,000 £40,000
25th Percentile £67,500 £52,500 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £90,000 £82,500 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +10.00% +7.14%
75th Percentile £132,500 £110,000 £105,000
90th Percentile £152,500 £122,500 £114,750
England median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +7.69% -3.70% +12.50%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 14,370 7,506 6,553
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 19.00% 18.18% 19.84%
Number of salaries quoted 6,070 4,948 5,008
10th Percentile £37,472 £37,500 £33,070
25th Percentile £48,750 £48,750 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £80,000
90th Percentile £101,250 £100,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 30 June 2022.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 30 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -44 44 £80,000 +23.08% 6
West London -44 14 £105,000 - 6
South London - 2 £44,500 -
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 30 June 2022, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 408 (68.34%) Python
2 335 (56.11%) Mathematics
3 316 (52.93%) Computer Science
4 310 (51.93%) Machine Learning
5 253 (42.38%) Data Science
6 217 (36.35%) Analytics
7 203 (34.00%) Algorithms
8 201 (33.67%) Statistics
9 197 (33.00%) Degree
10 153 (25.63%) C++
10 153 (25.63%) SQL
11 152 (25.46%) Physics
12 144 (24.12%) Artificial Intelligence
13 141 (23.62%) Software Engineering
14 127 (21.27%) Finance
15 121 (20.27%) Analytical Skills
15 121 (20.27%) Social Skills
16 111 (18.59%) Problem-Solving
17 105 (17.59%) Java
18 101 (16.92%) TensorFlow
19 98 (16.42%) Inclusion and Diversity
20 92 (15.41%) Natural Language Processing
21 85 (14.24%) Decision-Making
22 83 (13.90%) AWS
23 81 (13.57%) Visualisation
24 78 (13.07%) Agile
25 77 (12.90%) Deep Learning
26 74 (12.40%) Apache Spark
27 73 (12.23%) scikit-learn
27 73 (12.23%) Collaborative Working

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (12.40%) Apache Spark
2 33 (5.53%) SAS
3 17 (2.85%) Jupyter
4 16 (2.68%) Apache Airflow
5 12 (2.01%) Apache Pig
6 7 (1.17%) Ethereum
7 6 (1.01%) SugarCRM
8 5 (0.84%) Apache
9 4 (0.67%) nginx
10 2 (0.34%) Confluence
10 2 (0.34%) OpenStack
11 1 (0.17%) CMS
11 1 (0.17%) Drupal
11 1 (0.17%) Kinematics
11 1 (0.17%) R Markdown
11 1 (0.17%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 9 (1.51%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.34%) Stata
5 1 (0.17%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 18 (3.02%) Shopify
2 11 (1.84%) Magento
3 8 (1.34%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.34%) iTrent
4 2 (0.34%) Raiser's Edge
5 1 (0.17%) Primavera
5 1 (0.17%) SAP BPC
5 1 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.17%) SAP IBP
5 1 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 83 (13.90%) AWS
2 67 (11.22%) GCP
3 39 (6.53%) Azure
4 21 (3.52%) Cloud Computing
5 15 (2.51%) Slack
6 11 (1.84%) Power Platform
7 10 (1.68%) Serverless
8 8 (1.34%) Squarespace
9 7 (1.17%) Amazon SageMaker
10 6 (1.01%) AWS Lambda
10 6 (1.01%) SaaS
11 4 (0.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 4 (0.67%) Amazon EKS
11 4 (0.67%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 4 (0.67%) Azure Machine Learning
11 4 (0.67%) Cloudflare
11 4 (0.67%) CloudFront
12 3 (0.50%) Snowflake
13 2 (0.34%) Amazon Neptune
13 2 (0.34%) Azure Synapse Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.84%) VPN
2 4 (0.67%) Internet
3 2 (0.34%) PPP
4 1 (0.17%) 5G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (9.05%) Data Mining
2 44 (7.37%) Big Data
3 41 (6.87%) Hadoop
4 38 (6.37%) GIS
5 32 (5.36%) Tableau
6 29 (4.86%) PostgreSQL
7 21 (3.52%) NoSQL
8 18 (3.02%) Redis
9 12 (2.01%) Bigtable
9 12 (2.01%) Data Warehouse
9 12 (2.01%) HBase
9 12 (2.01%) MySQL
10 11 (1.84%) Power BI
11 10 (1.68%) Relational Database
12 9 (1.51%) Apache Hive
12 9 (1.51%) SQL Server
13 8 (1.34%) MongoDB
14 6 (1.01%) Base SAS
14 6 (1.01%) Electronic Patient Records
14 6 (1.01%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 41 (6.87%) Git (software)
2 12 (2.01%) Jenkins
3 10 (1.68%) git-flow
3 10 (1.68%) WiX
4 7 (1.17%) JIRA
5 6 (1.01%) CircleCI
5 6 (1.01%) MLflow
6 5 (0.84%) fastlane
6 5 (0.84%) Gradle
7 3 (0.50%) GCC
8 2 (0.34%) Bitbucket
8 2 (0.34%) ERwin
General
1 127 (21.27%) Finance
2 121 (20.27%) Analytical Skills
2 121 (20.27%) Social Skills
3 98 (16.42%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 57 (9.55%) Marketing
5 45 (7.54%) Games
6 43 (7.20%) Military
7 41 (6.87%) Banking
8 37 (6.20%) Retail
9 36 (6.03%) Pharmaceutical
10 32 (5.36%) Front Office
11 20 (3.35%) Advertising
12 13 (2.18%) Presentation Skills
13 10 (1.68%) Publishing
14 9 (1.51%) Manufacturing
15 5 (0.84%) Law
15 5 (0.84%) Telecoms
16 4 (0.67%) Financial Institution
16 4 (0.67%) Retail Banking
17 3 (0.50%) Humanities
Job Titles
1 210 (35.18%) Data Scientist
2 123 (20.60%) Senior Data Scientist
3 71 (11.89%) Software Engineer
4 46 (7.71%) Architect
5 45 (7.54%) Developer
6 41 (6.87%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 35 (5.86%) Principal Architect
7 35 (5.86%) Python Developer
8 34 (5.70%) Machine Learning Scientist
9 26 (4.36%) Programmer
10 25 (4.19%) Quantitative Developer
11 24 (4.02%) Analyst
11 24 (4.02%) C++ Developer
11 24 (4.02%) Senior Software Engineer
12 23 (3.85%) Graduate
13 20 (3.35%) C++ Quantitative Developer
14 18 (3.02%) Data Analyst
15 15 (2.51%) Senior Manager
16 14 (2.35%) Senior Developer
16 14 (2.35%) Senior Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 101 (16.92%) TensorFlow
2 73 (12.23%) scikit-learn
3 58 (9.72%) Pandas
4 44 (7.37%) Torch
5 43 (7.20%) Keras
5 43 (7.20%) SciPy
6 36 (6.03%) React
7 33 (5.53%) PyTorch
8 32 (5.36%) NumPy
9 30 (5.03%) PySpark
10 26 (4.36%) Chainer
10 26 (4.36%) Theano
11 19 (3.18%) Node.js
12 17 (2.85%) Celery
13 14 (2.35%) Django
14 12 (2.01%) Kafka
14 12 (2.01%) XGBoost
15 11 (1.84%) DPDK
16 10 (1.68%) Dask
16 10 (1.68%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 203 (34.00%) Algorithms
2 66 (11.06%) User Experience
3 65 (10.89%) Equities
4 43 (7.20%) Self-Motivation
5 40 (6.70%) Fixed Income
5 40 (6.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 24 (4.02%) Derivative
7 22 (3.69%) Hedge funds
7 22 (3.69%) Market Risk
8 20 (3.35%) Data Structures
9 19 (3.18%) Robotics
10 17 (2.85%) Clustering
11 16 (2.68%) Data Centre
12 15 (2.51%) Credit Risk
12 15 (2.51%) Tandem
13 14 (2.35%) Life Science
14 11 (1.84%) Exotic Derivative
14 11 (1.84%) Mobile App
15 10 (1.68%) Sports Betting
16 9 (1.51%) Apple TV
Operating Systems
1 43 (7.20%) Linux
2 20 (3.35%) Unix
3 9 (1.51%) Android
4 5 (0.84%) Apple iOS
5 4 (0.67%) Windows
6 3 (0.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.34%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 335 (56.11%) Mathematics
2 316 (52.93%) Computer Science
3 310 (51.93%) Machine Learning
4 253 (42.38%) Data Science
5 217 (36.35%) Analytics
6 201 (33.67%) Statistics
7 152 (25.46%) Physics
8 144 (24.12%) Artificial Intelligence
9 141 (23.62%) Software Engineering
10 111 (18.59%) Problem-Solving
11 92 (15.41%) Natural Language Processing
12 85 (14.24%) Decision-Making
13 81 (13.57%) Visualisation
14 78 (13.07%) Agile
15 77 (12.90%) Deep Learning
16 73 (12.23%) Collaborative Working
17 68 (11.39%) Validation
18 63 (10.55%) Neural Network
18 63 (10.55%) Use Case
19 61 (10.22%) Model Validation
Programming Languages
1 408 (68.34%) Python
2 153 (25.63%) C++
2 153 (25.63%) SQL
3 105 (17.59%) Java
4 66 (11.06%) C
5 65 (10.89%) R
6 40 (6.70%) MATLAB
7 27 (4.52%) Scala
8 25 (4.19%) JavaScript
9 22 (3.69%) PHP
10 20 (3.35%) Go
11 19 (3.18%) Shell Script
12 17 (2.85%) TypeScript
13 14 (2.35%) Cython
14 12 (2.01%) Perl
15 11 (1.84%) Rust
16 8 (1.34%) F#
16 8 (1.34%) Haskell
17 7 (1.17%) C#
18 6 (1.01%) SAS Macro
Qualifications
1 197 (33.00%) Degree
2 73 (12.23%) Master's Degree
3 55 (9.21%) Computer Science Degree
4 13 (2.18%) Postgraduate
5 7 (1.17%) Numerate Degree
6 6 (1.01%) MBA
7 2 (0.34%) MPhil
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (4.69%) Data Quality
2 22 (3.69%) CDISC
3 13 (2.18%) IFRS
3 13 (2.18%) IFRS 9
4 8 (1.34%) QA
5 7 (1.17%) Dodd-Frank
5 7 (1.17%) EMIR
5 7 (1.17%) MiFID
6 6 (1.01%) Accessibility
7 5 (0.84%) GDPR
7 5 (0.84%) HIPAA
7 5 (0.84%) SOC 2
8 2 (0.34%) GMP
8 2 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.34%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 32 (5.36%) Docker
2 4 (0.67%) HDFS
3 2 (0.34%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 23 (3.85%) Ansible
2 19 (3.18%) Kubernetes
3 15 (2.51%) Terraform
4 10 (1.68%) Kubeflow
5 4 (0.67%) Grafana
5 4 (0.67%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 28 (4.69%) Google
2 24 (4.02%) Facebook
3 20 (3.35%) Apple
4 19 (3.18%) TikTok
5 8 (1.34%) Sony
5 8 (1.34%) WooCommerce
6 7 (1.17%) ConsenSys
6 7 (1.17%) Microsoft
6 7 (1.17%) Samsung
6 7 (1.17%) SAP
7 6 (1.01%) Oracle
7 6 (1.01%) Sun
8 4 (0.67%) Alteryx
8 4 (0.67%) Confluent
8 4 (0.67%) Databricks
8 4 (0.67%) IBM
8 4 (0.67%) Informatica
8 4 (0.67%) SnapLogic
9 3 (0.50%) MuleSoft
9 3 (0.50%) Red Hat