Period
to 21 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 21 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

PhD
England > London
6 months to
21 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 340 311 358
Rank change year-on-year -29 +47 +107
Permanent jobs citing PhD 635 740 772
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.90% 1.06% 0.91%
As % of the Qualifications category 4.03% 4.41% 3.51%
Number of salaries quoted 569 634 670
London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,250
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.28% +30.50%
10th Percentile £37,500 £34,650 £36,250
90th Percentile £115,000 £118,750 £120,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year -4.35% +9.52% +10.53%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 15,755 16,785 22,019
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 22.42% 23.96% 25.97%
Number of salaries quoted 12,399 13,665 18,115
London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - +10.00%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 21 February 2018.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 21 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -54 145 £65,000 -18.75% 32
West London +24 18 £35,000 -22.22% 8
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 21 February 2018, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 423 (66.61%) Python
2 350 (55.12%) Machine Learning
3 316 (49.76%) Data Science
4 261 (41.10%) Computer Science
5 256 (40.31%) Mathematics
6 210 (33.07%) Algorithms
7 195 (30.71%) C++
8 190 (29.92%) R
9 185 (29.13%) Analytics
10 176 (27.72%) Java
11 174 (27.40%) Finance
11 174 (27.40%) Statistics
11 174 (27.40%) Degree
12 161 (25.35%) Deep Learning
13 156 (24.57%) Big Data
14 149 (23.46%) SQL
15 148 (23.31%) Physics
16 135 (21.26%) Software Engineering
17 122 (19.21%) Natural Language Processing
18 115 (18.11%) Apache Spark
19 106 (16.69%) Artificial Intelligence
20 92 (14.49%) Scala
21 91 (14.33%) Agile Software Development
22 86 (13.54%) Hadoop
23 79 (12.44%) Analytical Skills
24 78 (12.28%) MATLAB
25 73 (11.50%) Banking
26 70 (11.02%) Linux
26 70 (11.02%) Amazon AWS
26 70 (11.02%) TensorFlow

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 115 (18.11%) Apache Spark
2 34 (5.35%) SAS
3 19 (2.99%) Apache
4 11 (1.73%) Apache Pig
4 11 (1.73%) Elasticsearch
5 8 (1.26%) Luigi
6 6 (0.94%) Apache Solr
6 6 (0.94%) OpenStack
7 5 (0.79%) BizTalk Server
7 5 (0.79%) Confluence
7 5 (0.79%) Skype for Business
8 3 (0.47%) Apache Airflow
9 2 (0.31%) DNN
10 1 (0.16%) CMS
10 1 (0.16%) Ethereum
10 1 (0.16%) Hyperledger
10 1 (0.16%) IIS
10 1 (0.16%) Jupyter
10 1 (0.16%) nginx
10 1 (0.16%) SharePoint
Applications
1 17 (2.68%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (1.57%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (1.57%) SPSS
3 6 (0.94%) Mathematica
4 5 (0.79%) GNU Octave
4 5 (0.79%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.63%) Chatbot
5 4 (0.63%) Stata
6 3 (0.47%) Maple
6 3 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 2 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.16%) Cognos Business Intelligence
Cloud Services
1 70 (11.02%) Amazon AWS
2 39 (6.14%) Microsoft Azure
3 15 (2.36%) Cloud Computing
4 14 (2.20%) Google Cloud Platform
5 13 (2.05%) GitHub
6 10 (1.57%) G Suite
7 6 (0.94%) Amazon EC2
7 6 (0.94%) Amazon S3
7 6 (0.94%) Google Analytics
7 6 (0.94%) Google Compute Engine
8 5 (0.79%) Amazon Kinesis
8 5 (0.79%) Azure Machine Learning
8 5 (0.79%) SaaS
9 4 (0.63%) Amazon SQS
10 2 (0.31%) Amazon EMR
11 1 (0.16%) Adobe Analytics
11 1 (0.16%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 1 (0.16%) Heroku
11 1 (0.16%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 16 (2.52%) TCP/IP
2 10 (1.57%) ADSL
2 10 (1.57%) Cisco ASA
2 10 (1.57%) DHCP
2 10 (1.57%) DNS
2 10 (1.57%) DSL
2 10 (1.57%) Firewall
2 10 (1.57%) LAN
2 10 (1.57%) Network Security
2 10 (1.57%) VoIP
2 10 (1.57%) VPN
3 8 (1.26%) Internet
4 7 (1.10%) SAN
5 6 (0.94%) Ethernet
5 6 (0.94%) InfiniBand
6 2 (0.31%) HTTP
7 1 (0.16%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 156 (24.57%) Big Data
2 86 (13.54%) Hadoop
3 44 (6.93%) NoSQL
4 36 (5.67%) Data Mining
5 29 (4.57%) Apache Hive
6 22 (3.46%) Apache Cassandra
6 22 (3.46%) MongoDB
7 17 (2.68%) Flink
7 17 (2.68%) HBase
8 16 (2.52%) Relational Database
9 12 (1.89%) Impala
10 11 (1.73%) PostgreSQL
10 11 (1.73%) Power BI
11 10 (1.57%) SQL Server
12 8 (1.26%) Amazon Redshift
12 8 (1.26%) KDB
13 7 (1.10%) QlikView
14 6 (0.94%) Data Warehouse
15 5 (0.79%) Data Lake
15 5 (0.79%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 20 (3.15%) Jenkins
2 17 (2.68%) Git (software)
3 8 (1.26%) Mercurial
4 7 (1.10%) JIRA
5 5 (0.79%) Axure RP
5 5 (0.79%) Bower
5 5 (0.79%) Grunt
6 3 (0.47%) Maven
6 3 (0.47%) Travis CI
7 2 (0.31%) Team Foundation Server
8 1 (0.16%) Bitbucket
8 1 (0.16%) Codeship
8 1 (0.16%) GitLab
8 1 (0.16%) JUnit
8 1 (0.16%) Visual Studio
General
1 174 (27.40%) Finance
2 73 (11.50%) Banking
3 58 (9.13%) Marketing
4 30 (4.72%) Financial Institution
5 29 (4.57%) Front Office
6 26 (4.09%) Investment Banking
7 24 (3.78%) Telecoms
8 22 (3.46%) Retail
9 19 (2.99%) Publishing
10 17 (2.68%) Advertising
10 17 (2.68%) Legal
11 15 (2.36%) Games
12 13 (2.05%) Electronics
13 10 (1.57%) Manufacturing
14 9 (1.42%) Law
15 7 (1.10%) Pharmaceutical
15 7 (1.10%) Retail Banking
16 5 (0.79%) Automotive
17 4 (0.63%) Back Office
17 4 (0.63%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 209 (32.91%) Data Scientist
2 147 (23.15%) Developer
3 56 (8.82%) Senior Data Scientist
4 45 (7.09%) Analyst
5 44 (6.93%) Software Engineer
6 43 (6.77%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 43 (6.77%) Machine Learning Scientist
7 38 (5.98%) Java Developer
8 36 (5.67%) Python Developer
9 33 (5.20%) Senior Developer
10 28 (4.41%) Research Scientist
11 27 (4.25%) Data Engineer
11 27 (4.25%) Qualitative Analyst
11 27 (4.25%) Quantitative Analyst
12 26 (4.09%) C++ Developer
12 26 (4.09%) Quantitative Developer
13 18 (2.83%) Research Engineer
14 16 (2.52%) Junior
15 15 (2.36%) C++ Quantitative Developer
16 12 (1.89%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 122 (19.21%) Natural Language Processing
2 70 (11.02%) TensorFlow
3 48 (7.56%) scikit-learn
4 41 (6.46%) NumPy
5 34 (5.35%) Pandas
6 28 (4.41%) CSS
7 27 (4.25%) .NET
7 27 (4.25%) HTML
8 24 (3.78%) Kafka
8 24 (3.78%) SciPy
9 22 (3.46%) Theano
10 20 (3.15%) Web Services
11 18 (2.83%) Keras
12 15 (2.36%) React
13 14 (2.20%) Torch
14 13 (2.05%) STL
15 12 (1.89%) REST
16 11 (1.73%) Node.js
16 11 (1.73%) Spark Streaming
17 10 (1.57%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 261 (41.10%) Computer Science
2 210 (33.07%) Algorithms
3 79 (12.44%) Analytical Skills
4 58 (9.13%) Fintech
5 50 (7.87%) Data Structures
6 43 (6.77%) Greenfield Project
7 39 (6.14%) Hedge funds
8 19 (2.99%) Equities
9 18 (2.83%) Social Media
10 17 (2.68%) Credit Risk
11 15 (2.36%) Derivative
12 14 (2.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 13 (2.05%) Fixed Income
14 11 (1.73%) Life Science
14 11 (1.73%) Management Information System
15 10 (1.57%) Analytical Mindset
15 10 (1.57%) FMCG
15 10 (1.57%) Xbox
16 8 (1.26%) Market Risk
16 8 (1.26%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 70 (11.02%) Linux
2 23 (3.62%) Unix
3 17 (2.68%) Windows
4 11 (1.73%) Windows Server
5 10 (1.57%) Windows 10
5 10 (1.57%) Windows Server 2003
5 10 (1.57%) Windows XP
6 5 (0.79%) Android
6 5 (0.79%) Ubuntu
7 4 (0.63%) CentOS
8 3 (0.47%) Apple iOS
8 3 (0.47%) CoreOS
9 1 (0.16%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 350 (55.12%) Machine Learning
2 316 (49.76%) Data Science
3 256 (40.31%) Mathematics
4 185 (29.13%) Analytics
5 174 (27.40%) Statistics
6 161 (25.35%) Deep Learning
7 148 (23.31%) Physics
8 135 (21.26%) Software Engineering
9 106 (16.69%) Artificial Intelligence
10 91 (14.33%) Agile Software Development
11 65 (10.24%) Neural Network
12 64 (10.08%) Data Analysis
13 51 (8.03%) Statistical Modelling
14 49 (7.72%) Bayesian Methods
15 47 (7.40%) E-Commerce
15 47 (7.40%) OO
16 44 (6.93%) Computer Vision
17 42 (6.61%) Business Intelligence
17 42 (6.61%) Multithreading
18 37 (5.83%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 423 (66.61%) Python
2 195 (30.71%) C++
3 190 (29.92%) R
4 176 (27.72%) Java
5 149 (23.46%) SQL
6 92 (14.49%) Scala
7 78 (12.28%) MATLAB
8 63 (9.92%) C#
9 53 (8.35%) C
10 52 (8.19%) JavaScript
11 21 (3.31%) Go
12 15 (2.36%) VBA
13 13 (2.05%) Julia
14 9 (1.42%) T-SQL
15 8 (1.26%) Fortran
15 8 (1.26%) Perl
15 8 (1.26%) XPath
16 6 (0.94%) Ruby
17 5 (0.79%) Bash Shell
17 5 (0.79%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 174 (27.40%) Degree
2 38 (5.98%) Master's Degree
3 16 (2.52%) Numerate Degree
4 15 (2.36%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (0.79%) Postgraduate
6 3 (0.47%) (ISC)2 CCSP
6 3 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
6 3 (0.47%) GIAC
6 3 (0.47%) PMP
7 2 (0.31%) MBA
7 2 (0.31%) Security Cleared
8 1 (0.16%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.16%) OSCP
8 1 (0.16%) PMI Certification
8 1 (0.16%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (1.26%) Data Quality
2 6 (0.94%) GDPR
3 4 (0.63%) Actionable Recommendations
3 4 (0.63%) Dodd-Frank
3 4 (0.63%) EMIR
3 4 (0.63%) MiFID
4 2 (0.31%) IFRS
4 2 (0.31%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.16%) QA
5 1 (0.16%) Val IT
System Software
1 25 (3.94%) Docker
2 10 (1.57%) Active Directory
3 9 (1.42%) Apache Flume
4 6 (0.94%) Ceph
4 6 (0.94%) GPFS
4 6 (0.94%) Slurm Workload Manager
5 5 (0.79%) XenServer
6 1 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.16%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 11 (1.73%) Kubernetes
2 10 (1.57%) Ansible
2 10 (1.57%) Backup Exec
3 9 (1.42%) Grafana
3 9 (1.42%) Opscode Chef
4 8 (1.26%) Puppet
5 6 (0.94%) Icinga
6 5 (0.79%) XenMobile
7 4 (0.63%) Docker Swarm
7 4 (0.63%) Terraform
8 3 (0.47%) Fluentd
8 3 (0.47%) logstash
8 3 (0.47%) Prometheus
8 3 (0.47%) Rancher
9 2 (0.31%) Oozie
10 1 (0.16%) EMC NetWorker
Vendors
1 51 (8.03%) Google
2 31 (4.88%) Microsoft
3 19 (2.99%) Tableau
4 16 (2.52%) Twitter
5 10 (1.57%) Cisco
5 10 (1.57%) Cloudera
5 10 (1.57%) Hortonworks
5 10 (1.57%) HP
5 10 (1.57%) MapR
5 10 (1.57%) Palo Alto
5 10 (1.57%) Veeam
6 6 (0.94%) Intel
6 6 (0.94%) SaltStack
7 5 (0.79%) Citrix
8 4 (0.63%) IBM
8 4 (0.63%) Oracle
8 4 (0.63%) Red Hat
9 3 (0.47%) Datactics
9 3 (0.47%) SAP
9 3 (0.47%) Sybase