Period
to 17 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 17 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
17 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 367 330 325
Rank change year-on-year -37 -5 -29
Permanent jobs citing PhD 378 601 695
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.75% 0.97% 1.00%
As % of the Qualifications category 3.86% 4.48% 4.39%
Number of salaries quoted 309 501 612
London median annual salary £77,500 £75,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.33% +7.14% -
10th Percentile £47,250 £41,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £119,250 £132,500 £115,000
England median annual salary £72,500 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +20.83% +9.09% -

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 9,799 13,404 15,834
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 19.32% 21.59% 22.72%
Number of salaries quoted 7,446 9,933 12,417
London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £90,000
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 17 February 2020.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 17 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -42 77 £77,500 +10.71% 23
West London +38 23 £60,000 - 12
South London +2 7 £52,500 +23.53% 4
East London +4 4 £69,750 +68.07% 8
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 17 February 2020, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 311 (82.28%) Python
2 215 (56.88%) Machine Learning
3 205 (54.23%) Computer Science
4 203 (53.70%) Data Science
5 162 (42.86%) Mathematics
6 151 (39.95%) Degree
7 144 (38.10%) Statistics
8 121 (32.01%) Finance
9 112 (29.63%) Algorithms
10 102 (26.98%) Artificial Intelligence
11 98 (25.93%) C++
11 98 (25.93%) SQL
12 97 (25.66%) R
13 94 (24.87%) Deep Learning
14 88 (23.28%) Physics
15 83 (21.96%) Agile Software Development
16 82 (21.69%) AWS
16 82 (21.69%) Big Data
17 79 (20.90%) Analytics
18 74 (19.58%) TensorFlow
19 71 (18.78%) Software Engineering
20 69 (18.25%) Java
21 61 (16.14%) Apache Spark
22 60 (15.87%) Natural Language Processing
23 58 (15.34%) Analytical Skills
24 56 (14.81%) Google
25 53 (14.02%) Master's Degree
26 47 (12.43%) PyTorch
27 46 (12.17%) Visualisation
28 44 (11.64%) PostgreSQL

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (16.14%) Apache Spark
2 7 (1.85%) Jupyter
3 4 (1.06%) Apache
3 4 (1.06%) SAS
4 3 (0.79%) CMS
5 2 (0.53%) Hyperledger
6 1 (0.26%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 1 (0.26%) Apache Pig
6 1 (0.26%) Headless CMS
6 1 (0.26%) OpenStack
Applications
1 2 (0.53%) SPSS
2 1 (0.26%) GNU Octave
2 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.26%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 5 (1.32%) SAP ERP
1 5 (1.32%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 82 (21.69%) AWS
2 40 (10.58%) GCP
3 36 (9.52%) Azure
4 6 (1.59%) Slack
5 4 (1.06%) Cloud Computing
6 3 (0.79%) Google Analytics
7 2 (0.53%) Amazon SageMaker
7 2 (0.53%) Power Platform
7 2 (0.53%) Serverless
8 1 (0.26%) Amazon EC2
8 1 (0.26%) Amazon ECS
8 1 (0.26%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.26%) Apigee
8 1 (0.26%) AWS CloudFormation
8 1 (0.26%) AWS CodeDeploy
8 1 (0.26%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.26%) Boomi
8 1 (0.26%) Google Sheets
Communications & Networking
1 11 (2.91%) Internet
2 4 (1.06%) Firewall
2 4 (1.06%) Wireshark
3 3 (0.79%) 5G
4 2 (0.53%) 3G
4 2 (0.53%) 3GPP
4 2 (0.53%) HSPA
4 2 (0.53%) LTE
4 2 (0.53%) PPP
4 2 (0.53%) UMTS
5 1 (0.26%) Network Security
5 1 (0.26%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 82 (21.69%) Big Data
2 44 (11.64%) PostgreSQL
3 41 (10.85%) Hadoop
4 29 (7.67%) Relational Database
5 21 (5.56%) NoSQL
6 20 (5.29%) Blockchain
6 20 (5.29%) SQL Server
7 12 (3.17%) MongoDB
8 11 (2.91%) Data Mining
9 9 (2.38%) KDB
9 9 (2.38%) Kdb+
10 6 (1.59%) Data Warehouse
10 6 (1.59%) Qlik Sense
11 5 (1.32%) BigQuery
12 4 (1.06%) Apache Hive
12 4 (1.06%) MySQL
12 4 (1.06%) QlikView
13 3 (0.79%) Amazon Redshift
13 3 (0.79%) ClickHouse
14 2 (0.53%) BigchainDB
Development Applications
1 16 (4.23%) Git (software)
2 13 (3.44%) Jenkins
3 11 (2.91%) GitLab
3 11 (2.91%) Metasploit
3 11 (2.91%) Snyk
3 11 (2.91%) SonarQube
4 5 (1.32%) JIRA
5 1 (0.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 1 (0.26%) Gradle
5 1 (0.26%) JUnit
5 1 (0.26%) Mockito
5 1 (0.26%) Spock
5 1 (0.26%) TeamCity
5 1 (0.26%) Travis CI
General
1 121 (32.01%) Finance
2 28 (7.41%) Banking
3 26 (6.88%) Marketing
4 24 (6.35%) Retail
5 20 (5.29%) Front Office
6 17 (4.50%) Games
7 11 (2.91%) Advertising
8 9 (2.38%) Financial Institution
8 9 (2.38%) Retail Banking
9 8 (2.12%) Telecoms
10 7 (1.85%) Publishing
11 6 (1.59%) Electronics
11 6 (1.59%) Legal
12 5 (1.32%) Law
13 4 (1.06%) Investment Banking
13 4 (1.06%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (0.53%) Social Science
15 1 (0.26%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 112 (29.63%) Data Scientist
2 56 (14.81%) Senior Data Scientist
3 46 (12.17%) Machine Learning Engineer
4 40 (10.58%) Analyst
5 37 (9.79%) Software Engineer
6 32 (8.47%) Developer
6 32 (8.47%) Python Engineer
7 31 (8.20%) Qualitative Analyst
7 31 (8.20%) Quantitative Analyst
8 26 (6.88%) Python Software Engineer
9 14 (3.70%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 13 (3.44%) Data Engineer
11 11 (2.91%) DevSecOps Engineer
11 11 (2.91%) Java Developer
11 11 (2.91%) Python Developer
11 11 (2.91%) Quantitative Developer
11 11 (2.91%) Research Engineer
12 10 (2.65%) Graduate
13 9 (2.38%) Junior
14 8 (2.12%) Blockchain Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 74 (19.58%) TensorFlow
2 60 (15.87%) Natural Language Processing
3 47 (12.43%) PyTorch
4 31 (8.20%) Pandas
5 27 (7.14%) Keras
5 27 (7.14%) NumPy
6 22 (5.82%) Kafka
6 22 (5.82%) scikit-learn
7 21 (5.56%) Django
8 20 (5.29%) Dask
9 13 (3.44%) Web Services
10 12 (3.17%) Spring
11 11 (2.91%) OAuth
11 11 (2.91%) OpenID
11 11 (2.91%) SAML
11 11 (2.91%) Spring Boot
12 10 (2.65%) RESTful
12 10 (2.65%) RxJava
13 9 (2.38%) PySpark
13 9 (2.38%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 112 (29.63%) Algorithms
2 58 (15.34%) Analytical Skills
3 31 (8.20%) Credit Risk
4 21 (5.56%) Derivative
5 19 (5.03%) Market Risk
6 18 (4.76%) Equities
7 17 (4.50%) Hedge funds
8 15 (3.97%) Robotics
9 14 (3.70%) Data Structures
10 11 (2.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 11 (2.91%) Internet of Things
10 11 (2.91%) PKI
11 10 (2.65%) Exotic Derivative
11 10 (2.65%) Renewable Energy
12 8 (2.12%) Greenfield Project
12 8 (2.12%) User Experience
13 7 (1.85%) Linux Command Line
14 6 (1.59%) Fixed Income
15 5 (1.32%) e-Learning
15 5 (1.32%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 43 (11.38%) Linux
2 17 (4.50%) Unix
3 11 (2.91%) Kali Linux
4 7 (1.85%) VMS
5 4 (1.06%) Windows
6 3 (0.79%) Android
6 3 (0.79%) Embedded Linux
6 3 (0.79%) Robot Operating System
7 1 (0.26%) Debian
7 1 (0.26%) Fedora
7 1 (0.26%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 215 (56.88%) Machine Learning
2 205 (54.23%) Computer Science
3 203 (53.70%) Data Science
4 162 (42.86%) Mathematics
5 144 (38.10%) Statistics
6 102 (26.98%) Artificial Intelligence
7 94 (24.87%) Deep Learning
8 88 (23.28%) Physics
9 83 (21.96%) Agile Software Development
10 79 (20.90%) Analytics
11 71 (18.78%) Software Engineering
12 46 (12.17%) Visualisation
13 39 (10.32%) Fintech
13 39 (10.32%) Neural Network
14 36 (9.52%) Statistical Modelling
15 31 (8.20%) Open Source
15 31 (8.20%) Predictive Modelling
15 31 (8.20%) Validation
16 30 (7.94%) Problem-Solving
17 28 (7.41%) Data Engineering
Programming Languages
1 311 (82.28%) Python
2 98 (25.93%) C++
2 98 (25.93%) SQL
3 97 (25.66%) R
4 69 (18.25%) Java
5 32 (8.47%) Scala
6 31 (8.20%) MATLAB
7 27 (7.14%) Go
8 26 (6.88%) C
9 23 (6.08%) C#
9 23 (6.08%) JavaScript
10 10 (2.65%) Julia
10 10 (2.65%) TypeScript
11 9 (2.38%) Rust
12 7 (1.85%) Ruby
13 4 (1.06%) Perl
13 4 (1.06%) Smalltalk
14 3 (0.79%) SPARQL
15 1 (0.26%) Groovy
15 1 (0.26%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 151 (39.95%) Degree
2 53 (14.02%) Master's Degree
3 20 (5.29%) Numerate Degree
4 14 (3.70%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (1.59%) MBA
6 4 (1.06%) Postgraduate
7 3 (0.79%) CFA
7 3 (0.79%) SC Cleared
7 3 (0.79%) Security Cleared
8 1 (0.26%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (3.17%) MiFID
1 12 (3.17%) QA
2 11 (2.91%) EMIR
3 10 (2.65%) Dodd-Frank
4 5 (1.32%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.26%) Actionable Recommendations
5 1 (0.26%) IFRS
5 1 (0.26%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 28 (7.41%) Docker
2 1 (0.26%) Apache Flume
2 1 (0.26%) Lustre
2 1 (0.26%) oVirt
Systems Management
1 37 (9.79%) Kubernetes
2 11 (2.91%) Nessus
2 11 (2.91%) Nmap
2 11 (2.91%) Sysdig
3 9 (2.38%) Terraform
4 7 (1.85%) Consul
5 6 (1.59%) Istio
6 2 (0.53%) Ansible
7 1 (0.26%) Grafana
7 1 (0.26%) Kibana
7 1 (0.26%) Knative
Vendors
1 56 (14.81%) Google
2 20 (5.29%) Oracle
3 17 (4.50%) Tableau
4 12 (3.17%) Sybase
5 11 (2.91%) Qualys
6 6 (1.59%) SAP
7 4 (1.06%) Alteryx
7 4 (1.06%) Databricks
8 3 (0.79%) Microsoft
9 2 (0.53%) Facebook
9 2 (0.53%) Sage
9 2 (0.53%) Salesforce.com
9 2 (0.53%) Teradata
10 1 (0.26%) Foundry
10 1 (0.26%) IBM
10 1 (0.26%) MuleSoft
10 1 (0.26%) NVIDIA
10 1 (0.26%) Palantir
10 1 (0.26%) Samsung
10 1 (0.26%) Splunk