Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 404 312 379
Rank change year-on-year -92 +67 -26
Permanent jobs citing PhD 365 721 622
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.66% 1.05% 0.83%
As % of the Qualifications category 3.28% 4.67% 3.64%
Number of salaries quoted 290 627 523
London median annual salary £75,000 £75,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.14% +16.67%
10th Percentile £45,000 £40,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £113,875 £132,500 £110,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% +10.00%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 11,140 15,453 17,096
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 20.22% 22.59% 22.82%
Number of salaries quoted 8,336 11,458 12,695
London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £30,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £88,750
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.15%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -54 64 £77,500 +10.71% 28
West London +32 24 £65,000 +30.00% 16
South London -11 6 £60,000 +50.00% 4
East London +26 5 £41,500 -42.76% 2
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 293 (80.27%) Python
2 238 (65.21%) Machine Learning
3 199 (54.52%) Mathematics
4 197 (53.97%) Data Science
5 169 (46.30%) Computer Science
6 150 (41.10%) Statistics
7 144 (39.45%) Algorithms
8 142 (38.90%) Degree
9 140 (38.36%) Analytics
10 127 (34.79%) SQL
11 117 (32.05%) R
12 115 (31.51%) Deep Learning
13 110 (30.14%) Artificial Intelligence
14 105 (28.77%) C++
15 102 (27.95%) Finance
16 101 (27.67%) Physics
17 87 (23.84%) Apache Spark
18 84 (23.01%) Big Data
18 84 (23.01%) Java
19 82 (22.47%) AWS
20 79 (21.64%) TensorFlow
21 73 (20.00%) Hadoop
22 69 (18.90%) Agile Software Development
23 67 (18.36%) Analytical Skills
24 60 (16.44%) Master's Degree
25 56 (15.34%) Scala
26 49 (13.42%) Natural Language Processing
26 49 (13.42%) Banking
27 48 (13.15%) Software Engineering
27 48 (13.15%) Visualisation

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 87 (23.84%) Apache Spark
2 21 (5.75%) SAS
3 11 (3.01%) Apache
4 9 (2.47%) Apache Pig
5 5 (1.37%) nginx
6 4 (1.10%) Ethereum
7 3 (0.82%) Tornado
8 2 (0.55%) Jupyter
9 1 (0.27%) DNN
9 1 (0.27%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 8 (2.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (1.10%) GNU Octave
2 4 (1.10%) SPSS
3 2 (0.55%) Mathematica
4 1 (0.27%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.27%) Weka
Business Applications
1 4 (1.10%) SAP S/4HANA
2 2 (0.55%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.27%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 82 (22.47%) AWS
2 35 (9.59%) Azure
3 34 (9.32%) GCP
4 5 (1.37%) Power Platform
5 4 (1.10%) Cloud Computing
6 3 (0.82%) GitHub
7 2 (0.55%) Amazon EC2
7 2 (0.55%) Amazon ECS
7 2 (0.55%) Amazon S3
7 2 (0.55%) AWS CloudFormation
7 2 (0.55%) AWS Lambda
7 2 (0.55%) Google App Engine
7 2 (0.55%) Serverless
7 2 (0.55%) Slack
8 1 (0.27%) Amazon Alexa
8 1 (0.27%) Azure Data Factory
8 1 (0.27%) Office 365
8 1 (0.27%) PowerApps
8 1 (0.27%) SaaS
8 1 (0.27%) Siri
Communications & Networking
1 6 (1.64%) Network Security
2 3 (0.82%) Internet
2 3 (0.82%) Reverse Proxy
3 1 (0.27%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 84 (23.01%) Big Data
2 73 (20.00%) Hadoop
3 32 (8.77%) Data Mining
4 27 (7.40%) Apache Hive
5 22 (6.03%) Relational Database
6 17 (4.66%) NoSQL
7 14 (3.84%) MySQL
8 13 (3.56%) Data Warehouse
8 13 (3.56%) QlikView
9 11 (3.01%) Blockchain
10 10 (2.74%) MongoDB
11 9 (2.47%) Amazon Redshift
12 8 (2.19%) PostgreSQL
12 8 (2.19%) SQL Server
13 6 (1.64%) Triplestore
14 5 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 5 (1.37%) Data Lake
14 5 (1.37%) Impala
14 5 (1.37%) Power BI
15 4 (1.10%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 19 (5.21%) Git (software)
2 11 (3.01%) Jenkins
3 4 (1.10%) GitLab
4 3 (0.82%) Jasmine
4 3 (0.82%) Metasploit
4 3 (0.82%) Mocha
4 3 (0.82%) Snyk
4 3 (0.82%) SonarQube
5 2 (0.55%) JIRA
5 2 (0.55%) Subversion
6 1 (0.27%) CMake
6 1 (0.27%) Codeception
6 1 (0.27%) Eclipse
6 1 (0.27%) Gradle
6 1 (0.27%) Mercurial
6 1 (0.27%) PyCharm
6 1 (0.27%) Redmine
6 1 (0.27%) RStudio
6 1 (0.27%) Visual Studio
6 1 (0.27%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 102 (27.95%) Finance
2 49 (13.42%) Banking
3 44 (12.05%) Marketing
4 33 (9.04%) Retail
5 18 (4.93%) Games
5 18 (4.93%) Telecoms
6 14 (3.84%) Electronics
7 13 (3.56%) Financial Institution
8 12 (3.29%) Advertising
9 10 (2.74%) Front Office
9 10 (2.74%) Pharmaceutical
10 8 (2.19%) Social Science
11 7 (1.92%) Back Office
12 4 (1.10%) Automotive
12 4 (1.10%) Billing
12 4 (1.10%) Legal
13 3 (0.82%) Publishing
13 3 (0.82%) Retail Banking
14 2 (0.55%) Investment Banking
14 2 (0.55%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 131 (35.89%) Data Scientist
2 71 (19.45%) Senior Data Scientist
3 36 (9.86%) Analyst
4 35 (9.59%) Developer
5 31 (8.49%) Qualitative Analyst
5 31 (8.49%) Quantitative Analyst
6 25 (6.85%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 19 (5.21%) Data Engineer
8 18 (4.93%) Machine Learning Scientist
9 14 (3.84%) Quantitative Developer
10 13 (3.56%) Python Developer
11 11 (3.01%) Site Engineer
11 11 (3.01%) Site Reliability Engineer
11 11 (3.01%) Software Engineer
12 10 (2.74%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 10 (2.74%) Senior Data Engineer
13 9 (2.47%) AWS Engineer
13 9 (2.47%) Computer Engineer
13 9 (2.47%) Computer Vision Engineer
13 9 (2.47%) Data Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 79 (21.64%) TensorFlow
2 49 (13.42%) Natural Language Processing
3 46 (12.60%) NumPy
4 45 (12.33%) Pandas
5 39 (10.68%) scikit-learn
6 31 (8.49%) Keras
7 21 (5.75%) Kafka
8 19 (5.21%) Caffe
9 18 (4.93%) SciPy
9 18 (4.93%) Web Services
10 17 (4.66%) GraphQL
11 12 (3.29%) Flask
12 10 (2.74%) D3.js
12 10 (2.74%) Torch
13 8 (2.19%) .NET
13 8 (2.19%) pytest
13 8 (2.19%) Theano
14 6 (1.64%) Django
14 6 (1.64%) React
15 5 (1.37%) OpenCV
Miscellaneous
1 144 (39.45%) Algorithms
2 67 (18.36%) Analytical Skills
3 24 (6.58%) Credit Risk
4 22 (6.03%) Data Structures
5 16 (4.38%) Derivative
6 15 (4.11%) Linux Command Line
7 13 (3.56%) Digital Media
7 13 (3.56%) Hedge funds
7 13 (3.56%) Robotics
8 12 (3.29%) Virtual Team
9 10 (2.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 10 (2.74%) Public Cloud
10 9 (2.47%) Equities
11 8 (2.19%) CUDA
12 7 (1.92%) Market Risk
12 7 (1.92%) PKI
12 7 (1.92%) Semantic Web
13 6 (1.64%) Enterprise Software
13 6 (1.64%) Management Information System
13 6 (1.64%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 26 (7.12%) Linux
2 19 (5.21%) Unix
3 10 (2.74%) Android
4 3 (0.82%) Kali Linux
4 3 (0.82%) Windows
5 1 (0.27%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 238 (65.21%) Machine Learning
2 199 (54.52%) Mathematics
3 197 (53.97%) Data Science
4 169 (46.30%) Computer Science
5 150 (41.10%) Statistics
6 140 (38.36%) Analytics
7 115 (31.51%) Deep Learning
8 110 (30.14%) Artificial Intelligence
9 101 (27.67%) Physics
10 69 (18.90%) Agile Software Development
11 48 (13.15%) Software Engineering
11 48 (13.15%) Visualisation
12 39 (10.68%) Data Analytics
13 38 (10.41%) Open Source
14 37 (10.14%) DevOps
15 34 (9.32%) Problem-Solving
16 33 (9.04%) Predictive Modelling
17 32 (8.77%) Business Intelligence
17 32 (8.77%) Statistical Modelling
18 30 (8.22%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 293 (80.27%) Python
2 127 (34.79%) SQL
3 117 (32.05%) R
4 105 (28.77%) C++
5 84 (23.01%) Java
6 56 (15.34%) Scala
7 38 (10.41%) C
7 38 (10.41%) MATLAB
8 30 (8.22%) JavaScript
9 22 (6.03%) Go
10 18 (4.93%) C#
11 17 (4.66%) TypeScript
12 7 (1.92%) VBA
13 5 (1.37%) Ruby
14 4 (1.10%) PL/SQL
14 4 (1.10%) SPARQL
15 3 (0.82%) Bash Shell
15 3 (0.82%) PHP
16 2 (0.55%) Embedded C
16 2 (0.55%) Smalltalk
Qualifications
1 142 (38.90%) Degree
2 60 (16.44%) Master's Degree
3 23 (6.30%) Numerate Degree
4 9 (2.47%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (1.64%) CFA
6 3 (0.82%) A+ Certification
6 3 (0.82%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (2.74%) QA
2 6 (1.64%) IFRS
2 6 (1.64%) IFRS 9
3 5 (1.37%) Data Quality
3 5 (1.37%) Dodd-Frank
3 5 (1.37%) EMIR
3 5 (1.37%) MiFID
4 2 (0.55%) PSD2
5 1 (0.27%) CRD IV
System Software
1 32 (8.77%) Docker
2 1 (0.27%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 30 (8.22%) Kubernetes
2 16 (4.38%) Terraform
3 15 (4.11%) Consul
4 11 (3.01%) Ansible
5 7 (1.92%) Salt
6 3 (0.82%) Nessus
6 3 (0.82%) Nmap
6 3 (0.82%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 31 (8.49%) Google
2 29 (7.95%) Tableau
3 5 (1.37%) Sybase
4 4 (1.10%) Alteryx
4 4 (1.10%) Cognizant
4 4 (1.10%) Dataiku
4 4 (1.10%) SAP
5 3 (0.82%) Databricks
5 3 (0.82%) IBM
5 3 (0.82%) Netezza
5 3 (0.82%) Pega
5 3 (0.82%) Qualys
5 3 (0.82%) Rackspace
5 3 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
5 3 (0.82%) Tumblr
5 3 (0.82%) Twitter
6 2 (0.55%) Apple
6 2 (0.55%) Dell
6 2 (0.55%) Microsoft
6 2 (0.55%) Xilinx