Period
to 14 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 14 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

PhD
England > London
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 319 373 355
Rank change year-on-year +54 -18 +95
Permanent jobs citing PhD 716 602 749
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 1.03% 0.81% 0.92%
As % of the Qualifications category 4.51% 3.54% 3.72%
Number of salaries quoted 640 542 680
London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +16.67% +4.35%
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £33,975
90th Percentile £128,875 £116,250 £105,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% +10.00% +11.11%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 15,873 16,997 20,124
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 22.88% 22.96% 24.77%
Number of salaries quoted 11,773 12,768 16,858
London median annual salary £59,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.27% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £86,250
England median annual salary £50,000 £46,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +8.70% -3.16% +5.56%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -18 130 £70,000 +12.00% 30
West London +35 21 £40,000 -15.79% 10
South London +5 14 £40,000 +6.67%
East London -9 3 £72,500 -3.33% 2
North London - 2 £92,500 - 3
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 492 (68.72%) Python
2 379 (52.93%) Machine Learning
3 344 (48.04%) Mathematics
4 342 (47.77%) C++
5 329 (45.95%) Computer Science
6 298 (41.62%) Data Science
7 264 (36.87%) Degree
8 231 (32.26%) Artificial Intelligence
9 218 (30.45%) Algorithms
10 213 (29.75%) Java
11 202 (28.21%) Statistics
12 193 (26.96%) R
13 184 (25.70%) Deep Learning
14 180 (25.14%) Analytics
15 177 (24.72%) Physics
16 173 (24.16%) Software Engineering
17 170 (23.74%) Finance
18 168 (23.46%) Natural Language Processing
19 155 (21.65%) Big Data
20 135 (18.85%) SQL
21 114 (15.92%) Bayesian Methods
22 107 (14.94%) Neural Network
23 97 (13.55%) MATLAB
24 93 (12.99%) C
25 92 (12.85%) Apache Spark
26 87 (12.15%) TensorFlow
27 84 (11.73%) Analytical Skills
28 83 (11.59%) Problem-Solving
29 81 (11.31%) Agile Software Development
30 79 (11.03%) C#

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (12.85%) Apache Spark
2 24 (3.35%) SAS
3 18 (2.51%) Apache Pig
4 16 (2.23%) Ethereum
5 7 (0.98%) Apache
6 5 (0.70%) Amazon Alexa
7 3 (0.42%) Elasticsearch
8 2 (0.28%) Jupyter
8 2 (0.28%) Kinematics
8 2 (0.28%) Luigi
9 1 (0.14%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.14%) Confluence
9 1 (0.14%) nginx
Applications
1 12 (1.68%) SPSS
2 10 (1.40%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.98%) Chatbot
4 6 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.56%) GNU Octave
6 2 (0.28%) Mathematica
6 2 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.14%) Gephi
7 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.14%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.14%) SPSS Modeler
7 1 (0.14%) Stata
Business Applications
1 2 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
1 2 (0.28%) Misys Midas
2 1 (0.14%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 60 (8.38%) Amazon AWS
2 33 (4.61%) Microsoft Azure
3 15 (2.09%) Cloud Computing
4 11 (1.54%) GitHub
5 10 (1.40%) Google Cloud Platform
6 8 (1.12%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
7 2 (0.28%) Amazon EMR
7 2 (0.28%) Google Analytics
8 1 (0.14%) Amazon EC2
8 1 (0.14%) AWS Data Pipeline
8 1 (0.14%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 25 (3.49%) Internet
2 9 (1.26%) Network Security
3 4 (0.56%) HTTP
3 4 (0.56%) Radio Access Network
4 1 (0.14%) 5G
4 1 (0.14%) GSM
4 1 (0.14%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.14%) LTE
4 1 (0.14%) UMTS
4 1 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 155 (21.65%) Big Data
2 76 (10.61%) Blockchain
3 75 (10.47%) Hadoop
4 40 (5.59%) NoSQL
5 34 (4.75%) Apache Hive
6 32 (4.47%) Relational Database
7 28 (3.91%) MySQL
8 27 (3.77%) Data Mining
9 15 (2.09%) PostgreSQL
10 11 (1.54%) MongoDB
11 10 (1.40%) RDBMS
12 9 (1.26%) Amazon Redshift
12 9 (1.26%) Apache Cassandra
12 9 (1.26%) HBase
13 8 (1.12%) SQL Server
14 7 (0.98%) GIS
15 6 (0.84%) Data Warehouse
15 6 (0.84%) Power BI
15 6 (0.84%) QlikView
16 5 (0.70%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 7 (0.98%) Git (software)
1 7 (0.98%) Gradle
2 5 (0.70%) JIRA
3 4 (0.56%) Eclipse
3 4 (0.56%) Jenkins
3 4 (0.56%) JUnit
4 3 (0.42%) Maven
5 1 (0.14%) Bitbucket
5 1 (0.14%) Cucumber
5 1 (0.14%) RStudio
5 1 (0.14%) Selenium
5 1 (0.14%) SpecFlow
5 1 (0.14%) Spinnaker
5 1 (0.14%) Travis CI
5 1 (0.14%) Visual Studio
5 1 (0.14%) Xcode
General
1 170 (23.74%) Finance
2 59 (8.24%) Banking
3 35 (4.89%) Front Office
4 33 (4.61%) Marketing
5 30 (4.19%) Games
6 29 (4.05%) Publishing
7 28 (3.91%) Financial Institution
8 25 (3.49%) Advertising
8 25 (3.49%) Investment Banking
8 25 (3.49%) Retail
9 14 (1.96%) Electronics
10 10 (1.40%) Telecoms
11 6 (0.84%) Manufacturing
12 4 (0.56%) Legal
12 4 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.42%) Law
14 2 (0.28%) Aerospace
14 2 (0.28%) Automotive
14 2 (0.28%) Back Office
15 1 (0.14%) Mandarin Language
Job Titles
1 211 (29.47%) Data Scientist
2 105 (14.66%) Developer
3 82 (11.45%) Software Engineer
4 76 (10.61%) Senior Data Scientist
5 61 (8.52%) Analyst
6 50 (6.98%) Machine Learning Researcher
7 49 (6.84%) Qualitative Analyst
7 49 (6.84%) Quantitative Analyst
8 39 (5.45%) Machine Learning Scientist
9 33 (4.61%) Machine Learning Engineer
10 30 (4.19%) Architect
10 30 (4.19%) C++ Developer
11 27 (3.77%) Software Developer
12 25 (3.49%) Java Engineer
12 25 (3.49%) Python Engineer
13 24 (3.35%) Java Developer
13 24 (3.35%) Python Developer
13 24 (3.35%) Quantitative Developer
14 22 (3.07%) Java Software Engineer
15 20 (2.79%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 168 (23.46%) Natural Language Processing
2 87 (12.15%) TensorFlow
3 46 (6.42%) scikit-learn
4 44 (6.15%) NumPy
5 40 (5.59%) Pandas
6 33 (4.61%) HTML
7 32 (4.47%) Keras
8 29 (4.05%) CSS
9 28 (3.91%) SciPy
10 21 (2.93%) Ajax
11 20 (2.79%) GWT
11 20 (2.79%) React
12 19 (2.65%) Smart Contracts
13 18 (2.51%) Kafka
14 17 (2.37%) Node.js
15 14 (1.96%) REST
16 12 (1.68%) AngularJS
16 12 (1.68%) D3.js
16 12 (1.68%) HTML5
17 11 (1.54%) Theano
Miscellaneous
1 329 (45.95%) Computer Science
2 218 (30.45%) Algorithms
3 84 (11.73%) Analytical Skills
4 70 (9.78%) Fintech
5 39 (5.45%) Data Structures
6 37 (5.17%) Equities
6 37 (5.17%) Hedge funds
7 30 (4.19%) Bitcoin
8 29 (4.05%) Derivative
9 27 (3.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 26 (3.63%) Self-Motivation
11 22 (3.07%) Credit Risk
12 21 (2.93%) Xbox
13 20 (2.79%) Cyberthreat
13 20 (2.79%) Fixed Income
14 18 (2.51%) Social Media
15 16 (2.23%) Greenfield Project
15 16 (2.23%) Management Information System
16 15 (2.09%) Digital Currency
16 15 (2.09%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 42 (5.87%) Linux
2 12 (1.68%) Windows
3 9 (1.26%) Unix
4 7 (0.98%) Android
5 4 (0.56%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.42%) Robot Operating System
7 1 (0.14%) CoreOS
7 1 (0.14%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.14%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 379 (52.93%) Machine Learning
2 344 (48.04%) Mathematics
3 298 (41.62%) Data Science
4 231 (32.26%) Artificial Intelligence
5 202 (28.21%) Statistics
6 184 (25.70%) Deep Learning
7 180 (25.14%) Analytics
8 177 (24.72%) Physics
9 173 (24.16%) Software Engineering
10 114 (15.92%) Bayesian Methods
11 107 (14.94%) Neural Network
12 83 (11.59%) Problem-Solving
13 81 (11.31%) Agile Software Development
14 76 (10.61%) Probabilistic Modelling
15 70 (9.78%) Reinforcement Learning
16 59 (8.24%) Visualisation
17 53 (7.40%) Data Analysis
18 49 (6.84%) OO
19 44 (6.15%) Statistical Modelling
20 41 (5.73%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 492 (68.72%) Python
2 342 (47.77%) C++
3 213 (29.75%) Java
4 193 (26.96%) R
5 135 (18.85%) SQL
6 97 (13.55%) MATLAB
7 93 (12.99%) C
8 79 (11.03%) C#
9 63 (8.80%) Scala
10 58 (8.10%) JavaScript
11 27 (3.77%) Java 8
12 12 (1.68%) Go
12 12 (1.68%) Kotlin
13 11 (1.54%) Perl
14 10 (1.40%) Julia
15 9 (1.26%) VBA
16 5 (0.70%) Ruby
17 4 (0.56%) Fortran
17 4 (0.56%) Haskell
17 4 (0.56%) PHP
Qualifications
1 264 (36.87%) Degree
2 51 (7.12%) Master's Degree
3 33 (4.61%) Numerate Degree
4 26 (3.63%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (1.68%) Postgraduate
6 7 (0.98%) PMI Certification
6 7 (0.98%) PMP
7 6 (0.84%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.84%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (2.65%) QA
2 12 (1.68%) MiFID
3 9 (1.26%) Dodd-Frank
3 9 (1.26%) EMIR
4 2 (0.28%) IFRS
4 2 (0.28%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.14%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.14%) GCP
5 1 (0.14%) GDPR
System Software
1 17 (2.37%) Docker
2 11 (1.54%) Apache Flume
3 1 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 1 (0.14%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 8 (1.12%) Kubernetes
2 5 (0.70%) Oozie
3 4 (0.56%) Opscode Chef
4 2 (0.28%) Terraform
5 1 (0.14%) Ansible
5 1 (0.14%) Fluentd
5 1 (0.14%) Grafana
5 1 (0.14%) logstash
5 1 (0.14%) Mesos
5 1 (0.14%) Prometheus
5 1 (0.14%) Puppet
5 1 (0.14%) Rancher
Vendors
1 45 (6.28%) Google
2 17 (2.37%) Microsoft
3 15 (2.09%) Tableau
4 7 (0.98%) Capita
5 6 (0.84%) Twitter
6 5 (0.70%) Apple
6 5 (0.70%) Facebook
7 4 (0.56%) IBM
7 4 (0.56%) Oracle
8 3 (0.42%) Databricks
8 3 (0.42%) Vertica
9 2 (0.28%) Splunk
9 2 (0.28%) Teradata
10 1 (0.14%) Bloomberg
10 1 (0.14%) Cloudera
10 1 (0.14%) Hortonworks
10 1 (0.14%) MapR
10 1 (0.14%) RapidMiner
10 1 (0.14%) Salesforce.com
10 1 (0.14%) Sybase