Period
to 19 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 315 362 318
Rank change year-on-year +47 -44 +40
Permanent jobs citing PhD 675 632 746
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 1.02% 0.86% 1.01%
As % of the Qualifications category 4.70% 3.81% 4.16%
Number of salaries quoted 573 540 642
London median annual salary £77,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.71% +3.70% -
10th Percentile £46,500 £38,625 £33,750
90th Percentile £132,500 £115,000 £115,000
England median annual salary £65,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +18.18% +4.76% -

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 14,356 16,567 17,931
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 21.69% 22.50% 24.18%
Number of salaries quoted 10,665 12,488 14,768
London median annual salary £60,000 £56,250 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.67% +2.27% +1.85%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,750 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +43 179 £70,000 +7.69% 34
West London +15 10 £60,000 +20.00% 11
South London -6 8 £42,500 +13.33% 2
East London +5 1 £80,000 -11.11% 7
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 466 (69.04%) Python
2 368 (54.52%) Machine Learning
3 326 (48.30%) Mathematics
4 280 (41.48%) Computer Science
5 269 (39.85%) Artificial Intelligence
6 261 (38.67%) C++
7 251 (37.19%) Degree
8 245 (36.30%) Java
9 225 (33.33%) Data Science
10 210 (31.11%) Deep Learning
11 205 (30.37%) Statistics
12 194 (28.74%) Natural Language Processing
13 189 (28.00%) Software Engineering
14 180 (26.67%) Physics
15 175 (25.93%) Finance
16 158 (23.41%) R
16 158 (23.41%) Algorithms
17 150 (22.22%) Analytics
18 146 (21.63%) SQL
19 141 (20.89%) Neural Network
20 124 (18.37%) Bayesian Methods
21 103 (15.26%) Big Data
21 103 (15.26%) Probabilistic Modelling
22 100 (14.81%) TensorFlow
23 91 (13.48%) C#
23 91 (13.48%) Agile Software Development
24 82 (12.15%) MATLAB
25 76 (11.26%) Analytical Skills
26 75 (11.11%) C
27 72 (10.67%) Reinforcement Learning

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 63 (9.33%) Apache Spark
2 22 (3.26%) Ethereum
3 21 (3.11%) SAS
4 17 (2.52%) Apache
5 14 (2.07%) Apache Pig
6 7 (1.04%) DNN
7 3 (0.44%) Elasticsearch
7 3 (0.44%) Kinematics
7 3 (0.44%) nginx
8 2 (0.30%) Apache Solr
8 2 (0.30%) Jupyter
9 1 (0.15%) IPython
Applications
1 21 (3.11%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (1.63%) Chatbot
3 7 (1.04%) Spreadsheet
3 7 (1.04%) SPSS
4 2 (0.30%) GNU Octave
5 1 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.15%) Simulink
5 1 (0.15%) Stata
Business Applications
1 2 (0.30%) Distributed Ledger
1 2 (0.30%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 66 (9.78%) Amazon AWS
2 38 (5.63%) Microsoft Azure
3 18 (2.67%) Cloud Computing
4 16 (2.37%) Google Cloud Platform
5 14 (2.07%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
6 11 (1.63%) GitHub
7 10 (1.48%) Amazon Alexa
7 10 (1.48%) Siri
8 6 (0.89%) Azure Data Factory
9 5 (0.74%) PaaS
9 5 (0.74%) Slack
10 4 (0.59%) Azure Machine Learning
10 4 (0.59%) iTunes
10 4 (0.59%) SaaS
10 4 (0.59%) Serverless
11 2 (0.30%) Amazon EMR
11 2 (0.30%) Wit.ai
12 1 (0.15%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.48%) Network Security
2 7 (1.04%) HTTP
3 4 (0.59%) DNS
3 4 (0.59%) Internet
4 2 (0.30%) Broadband
5 1 (0.15%) 5G
5 1 (0.15%) GSM
5 1 (0.15%) LTE
5 1 (0.15%) Radio Access Network
5 1 (0.15%) UMTS
5 1 (0.15%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 103 (15.26%) Big Data
2 47 (6.96%) Blockchain
3 46 (6.81%) Hadoop
4 25 (3.70%) Apache Hive
5 23 (3.41%) Data Mining
5 23 (3.41%) Relational Database
6 22 (3.26%) NoSQL
7 12 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
8 11 (1.63%) MongoDB
8 11 (1.63%) Power BI
9 10 (1.48%) SQL Server
10 9 (1.33%) PostgreSQL
10 9 (1.33%) Text Mining
11 8 (1.19%) Apache Cassandra
11 8 (1.19%) MySQL
12 6 (0.89%) CockroachDB
13 5 (0.74%) RDBMS
13 5 (0.74%) VoltDB
14 4 (0.59%) Azure SQL Database
14 4 (0.59%) HBase
Development Applications
1 18 (2.67%) Git (software)
2 4 (0.59%) Team Foundation Server
2 4 (0.59%) Visual Studio
2 4 (0.59%) Visual Studio Team System
3 3 (0.44%) Gradle
4 2 (0.30%) RStudio
5 1 (0.15%) Bitbucket
5 1 (0.15%) JIRA
5 1 (0.15%) Octopus Deploy
5 1 (0.15%) SpecFlow
5 1 (0.15%) Subversion
5 1 (0.15%) TeamCity
5 1 (0.15%) Travis CI
General
1 175 (25.93%) Finance
2 57 (8.44%) Publishing
3 53 (7.85%) Banking
4 31 (4.59%) Games
5 30 (4.44%) Marketing
6 24 (3.56%) Advertising
7 21 (3.11%) Electronics
7 21 (3.11%) Retail
8 20 (2.96%) Front Office
9 19 (2.81%) Investment Banking
10 8 (1.19%) Manufacturing
11 6 (0.89%) Financial Institution
11 6 (0.89%) Legal
12 3 (0.44%) Automotive
12 3 (0.44%) Telecoms
13 2 (0.30%) Law
13 2 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.30%) Retail Banking
14 1 (0.15%) Military
14 1 (0.15%) Social Science
Job Titles
1 148 (21.93%) Data Scientist
2 127 (18.81%) Developer
3 79 (11.70%) Software Engineer
4 78 (11.56%) Machine Learning Researcher
5 57 (8.44%) Senior Data Scientist
6 56 (8.30%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 46 (6.81%) Java Developer
8 38 (5.63%) Python Engineer
9 35 (5.19%) Analyst
10 31 (4.59%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 26 (3.85%) Qualitative Analyst
11 26 (3.85%) Quantitative Analyst
12 25 (3.70%) Machine Learning Scientist
12 25 (3.70%) Quantitative Developer
13 24 (3.56%) Graduate
13 24 (3.56%) Java Engineer
13 24 (3.56%) Java Software Engineer
14 23 (3.41%) Senior Developer
15 22 (3.26%) Research Engineer
15 22 (3.26%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 194 (28.74%) Natural Language Processing
2 100 (14.81%) TensorFlow
3 45 (6.67%) HTML
4 42 (6.22%) Ajax
5 41 (6.07%) CSS
6 38 (5.63%) NumPy
7 36 (5.33%) GWT
8 31 (4.59%) Pandas
9 27 (4.00%) Keras
10 23 (3.41%) scikit-learn
11 22 (3.26%) .NET
12 20 (2.96%) Theano
13 19 (2.81%) SciPy
14 16 (2.37%) AngularJS
14 16 (2.37%) Caffe
15 10 (1.48%) D3.js
15 10 (1.48%) MLlib
16 9 (1.33%) Kafka
16 9 (1.33%) React
16 9 (1.33%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 158 (23.41%) Algorithms
2 76 (11.26%) Analytical Skills
3 63 (9.33%) Fintech
4 59 (8.74%) Hedge funds
5 42 (6.22%) Xbox
6 29 (4.30%) Credit Risk
7 28 (4.15%) Equities
8 23 (3.41%) Derivative
9 22 (3.26%) Management Information System
10 21 (3.11%) User Experience
11 20 (2.96%) Robotics
12 19 (2.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 16 (2.37%) Data Structures
14 15 (2.22%) Bitcoin
14 15 (2.22%) Exotic Derivative
14 15 (2.22%) Market Risk
14 15 (2.22%) Virtual Team
15 14 (2.07%) Fixed Income
15 14 (2.07%) PMI
15 14 (2.07%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 61 (9.04%) Linux
2 10 (1.48%) Unix
3 7 (1.04%) Windows
4 5 (0.74%) Android
4 5 (0.74%) Debian
4 5 (0.74%) Fedora
4 5 (0.74%) Robot Operating System
4 5 (0.74%) Ubuntu
5 2 (0.30%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 368 (54.52%) Machine Learning
2 326 (48.30%) Mathematics
3 280 (41.48%) Computer Science
4 269 (39.85%) Artificial Intelligence
5 225 (33.33%) Data Science
6 210 (31.11%) Deep Learning
7 205 (30.37%) Statistics
8 189 (28.00%) Software Engineering
9 180 (26.67%) Physics
10 150 (22.22%) Analytics
11 141 (20.89%) Neural Network
12 124 (18.37%) Bayesian Methods
13 103 (15.26%) Probabilistic Modelling
14 91 (13.48%) Agile Software Development
15 72 (10.67%) Reinforcement Learning
16 56 (8.30%) Data Analysis
16 56 (8.30%) Visualisation
17 52 (7.70%) Signal Processing
18 51 (7.56%) Econometrics
19 50 (7.41%) Computer Vision
Programming Languages
1 466 (69.04%) Python
2 261 (38.67%) C++
3 245 (36.30%) Java
4 158 (23.41%) R
5 146 (21.63%) SQL
6 91 (13.48%) C#
7 82 (12.15%) MATLAB
8 75 (11.11%) C
9 62 (9.19%) JavaScript
10 46 (6.81%) Java 8
11 40 (5.93%) Scala
12 25 (3.70%) Julia
13 24 (3.56%) VBA
14 13 (1.93%) Cython
15 11 (1.63%) Ruby
16 9 (1.33%) Go
16 9 (1.33%) PHP
17 7 (1.04%) Haskell
17 7 (1.04%) TypeScript
18 6 (0.89%) Erlang
Qualifications
1 251 (37.19%) Degree
2 68 (10.07%) MPhil
3 40 (5.93%) Master's Degree
4 34 (5.04%) Computer Science Degree
5 32 (4.74%) Numerate Degree
6 15 (2.22%) MBA
7 14 (2.07%) DV Cleared
7 14 (2.07%) PMI Certification
7 14 (2.07%) Security Cleared
8 13 (1.93%) PMP
9 10 (1.48%) Postgraduate
10 4 (0.59%) MCAD
10 4 (0.59%) MCDBA
10 4 (0.59%) MCSD
10 4 (0.59%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.15%) CFA
11 1 (0.15%) CIMA
11 1 (0.15%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (1.63%) Dodd-Frank
1 11 (1.63%) EMIR
1 11 (1.63%) MiFID
2 5 (0.74%) QA
3 4 (0.59%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.30%) IFRS
4 2 (0.30%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.15%) GDPR
System Software
1 11 (1.63%) Apache Flume
2 5 (0.74%) Docker
3 4 (0.59%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.30%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 3 (0.44%) Oozie
1 3 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
2 2 (0.30%) Kubernetes
3 1 (0.15%) Ambari
Vendors
1 30 (4.44%) Microsoft
2 16 (2.37%) Google
3 12 (1.78%) Apple
4 9 (1.33%) Tableau
5 7 (1.04%) IBM
6 5 (0.74%) RapidMiner
7 4 (0.59%) Databricks
7 4 (0.59%) Oracle
8 2 (0.30%) Cloudera
8 2 (0.30%) Facebook
8 2 (0.30%) Hortonworks
8 2 (0.30%) Splunk
8 2 (0.30%) Vertica
9 1 (0.15%) Atlassian
9 1 (0.15%) SAP
9 1 (0.15%) Sybase