Period
to 11 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 11 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 333 382 359
Rank change year-on-year +49 -23 -24
Permanent jobs citing PhD 238 332 535
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 0.77% 0.71% 0.88%
As % of the Qualifications category 4.17% 3.65% 4.07%
Number of salaries quoted 182 282 434
10th Percentile £46,250 £40,000 £40,250
25th Percentile £55,000 £57,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £75,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% -
75th Percentile £104,688 £105,000 £93,750
90th Percentile £113,750 £126,250 £129,375
England median annual salary £65,000 £70,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year -7.14% +16.67% +9.09%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 5,703 9,104 13,157
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 18.52% 19.42% 21.54%
Number of salaries quoted 4,344 6,992 9,898
10th Percentile £37,510 £32,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £49,853 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% - +4.35%
75th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £77,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +3.09%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +77 53 £67,000 -7.59% 15
West London +44 5 £70,000 +84.21% 14
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 166 (69.75%) Python
2 131 (55.04%) Machine Learning
3 117 (49.16%) Data Science
4 89 (37.39%) Artificial Intelligence
5 81 (34.03%) Degree
6 76 (31.93%) Finance
7 75 (31.51%) Mathematics
7 75 (31.51%) Computer Science
8 70 (29.41%) Algorithms
9 55 (23.11%) Stakeholder Management
10 51 (21.43%) Deep Learning
11 48 (20.17%) Agile Software Development
12 45 (18.91%) TensorFlow
13 44 (18.49%) R
13 44 (18.49%) Statistics
14 43 (18.07%) SQL
15 42 (17.65%) C++
16 41 (17.23%) Software Engineering
16 41 (17.23%) Business Transformation
17 38 (15.97%) Natural Language Processing
18 37 (15.55%) IBM
19 34 (14.29%) Analytics
20 32 (13.45%) NumPy
20 32 (13.45%) GCP
20 32 (13.45%) Java
21 30 (12.61%) PyTorch
22 29 (12.18%) Business Agility
22 29 (12.18%) Master's Degree
23 28 (11.76%) Big Data
24 27 (11.34%) Physics

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (3.78%) Apache Spark
1 9 (3.78%) Jupyter
2 8 (3.36%) Adobe Experience Manager
2 8 (3.36%) CMS
2 8 (3.36%) SAS
3 2 (0.84%) Apache
3 2 (0.84%) Apache Airflow
3 2 (0.84%) SugarCRM
4 1 (0.42%) Apache Pig
4 1 (0.42%) Confluence
4 1 (0.42%) OpenStack
Applications
1 5 (2.10%) Microsoft Excel
1 5 (2.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 17 (7.14%) SAP S/4HANA
2 9 (3.78%) FINCAD Analytics
3 3 (1.26%) SAP BPC
3 3 (1.26%) SAP IBP
4 1 (0.42%) Oracle HRMS
Cloud Services
1 32 (13.45%) GCP
2 14 (5.88%) AWS
3 11 (4.62%) Azure
4 9 (3.78%) Amazon SageMaker
5 4 (1.68%) GitHub
6 3 (1.26%) Cloud Computing
6 3 (1.26%) SaaS
7 2 (0.84%) Oracle CX
8 1 (0.42%) Akamai
8 1 (0.42%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.42%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.42%) Azure Data Factory
8 1 (0.42%) npm
8 1 (0.42%) Power Platform
8 1 (0.42%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.52%) NAS
2 4 (1.68%) Network Security
3 3 (1.26%) Internet
4 1 (0.42%) 5G
4 1 (0.42%) Firewall
4 1 (0.42%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (11.76%) Big Data
2 18 (7.56%) Hadoop
3 16 (6.72%) Data Mining
4 13 (5.46%) SQL Server
5 11 (4.62%) PostgreSQL
5 11 (4.62%) Redis
6 10 (4.20%) NoSQL
7 8 (3.36%) Tableau
8 6 (2.52%) MongoDB
9 4 (1.68%) Blockchain
9 4 (1.68%) Relational Database
10 3 (1.26%) Data Lake
10 3 (1.26%) MySQL
11 2 (0.84%) Apache Hive
11 2 (0.84%) Impala
11 2 (0.84%) MariaDB
11 2 (0.84%) Text Mining
12 1 (0.42%) Amazon Redshift
12 1 (0.42%) Oracle Database
12 1 (0.42%) Triplestore
Development Applications
1 15 (6.30%) Git (software)
2 7 (2.94%) GitLab
2 7 (2.94%) Maven
3 4 (1.68%) webpack
4 3 (1.26%) gulp
4 3 (1.26%) Subversion
5 2 (0.84%) Bitbucket
5 2 (0.84%) JIRA
6 1 (0.42%) Babel
6 1 (0.42%) CircleCI
6 1 (0.42%) Cypress.io
6 1 (0.42%) Jenkins
6 1 (0.42%) Storybook
General
1 76 (31.93%) Finance
2 20 (8.40%) Marketing
2 20 (8.40%) Telecoms
3 18 (7.56%) Retail
4 16 (6.72%) Advertising
5 12 (5.04%) Manufacturing
6 10 (4.20%) Games
6 10 (4.20%) Pharmaceutical
7 9 (3.78%) Electronics
8 8 (3.36%) Banking
9 6 (2.52%) Financial Institution
10 3 (1.26%) Law
10 3 (1.26%) Public Sector
11 2 (0.84%) Automotive
11 2 (0.84%) French Language
12 1 (0.42%) German Language
12 1 (0.42%) Hungarian Language
12 1 (0.42%) Italian Language
12 1 (0.42%) Japanese Language
12 1 (0.42%) Norwegian Language
Job Titles
1 59 (24.79%) Data Scientist
2 27 (11.34%) Developer
3 22 (9.24%) Consultant
3 22 (9.24%) Machine Learning Engineer
4 16 (6.72%) Software Engineer
5 15 (6.30%) Senior Data Scientist
6 12 (5.04%) Architect
6 12 (5.04%) Solutions Architect
7 11 (4.62%) Quantitative Developer
8 10 (4.20%) Analyst
9 8 (3.36%) C# Developer
9 8 (3.36%) Principal Consultant
10 7 (2.94%) C++ Developer
10 7 (2.94%) Java Engineer
10 7 (2.94%) Java Software Engineer
11 6 (2.52%) Head of Data Science
11 6 (2.52%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 6 (2.52%) Qualitative Analyst
11 6 (2.52%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
11 6 (2.52%) SAP S/4HANA Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (18.91%) TensorFlow
2 38 (15.97%) Natural Language Processing
3 32 (13.45%) NumPy
4 30 (12.61%) PyTorch
5 25 (10.50%) scikit-learn
6 18 (7.56%) SciPy
7 16 (6.72%) Keras
7 16 (6.72%) Pandas
8 12 (5.04%) REST
9 11 (4.62%) Django
10 10 (4.20%) Celery
10 10 (4.20%) Node.js
10 10 (4.20%) Torch
11 9 (3.78%) AngularJS
11 9 (3.78%) React
12 7 (2.94%) OpenCV
12 7 (2.94%) Vue.js
13 6 (2.52%) CSS
14 5 (2.10%) Caffe
15 4 (1.68%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 70 (29.41%) Algorithms
2 24 (10.08%) Analytical Skills
3 22 (9.24%) Hedge funds
4 17 (7.14%) Enterprise Software
5 13 (5.46%) Equities
6 10 (4.20%) Blog
6 10 (4.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 10 (4.20%) Life Science
6 10 (4.20%) Marketing Technology
7 9 (3.78%) Exotic Derivative
7 9 (3.78%) Market Risk
8 7 (2.94%) User Experience
9 6 (2.52%) Bitcoin
10 4 (1.68%) Fixed Income
10 4 (1.68%) NHS
10 4 (1.68%) Video\Live Streaming
11 3 (1.26%) Internet of Things
11 3 (1.26%) Private Cloud
11 3 (1.26%) Robotics
11 3 (1.26%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 5 (2.10%) Linux
1 5 (2.10%) Windows
2 4 (1.68%) Unix
3 2 (0.84%) Android
4 1 (0.42%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 131 (55.04%) Machine Learning
2 117 (49.16%) Data Science
3 89 (37.39%) Artificial Intelligence
4 75 (31.51%) Computer Science
4 75 (31.51%) Mathematics
5 55 (23.11%) Stakeholder Management
6 51 (21.43%) Deep Learning
7 48 (20.17%) Agile Software Development
8 44 (18.49%) Statistics
9 41 (17.23%) Business Transformation
9 41 (17.23%) Software Engineering
10 34 (14.29%) Analytics
11 29 (12.18%) Business Agility
12 27 (11.34%) Physics
13 24 (10.08%) Problem-Solving
14 23 (9.66%) Computer Vision
14 23 (9.66%) Reinforcement Learning
15 22 (9.24%) Neural Network
16 21 (8.82%) Data Cleansing
17 20 (8.40%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 166 (69.75%) Python
2 44 (18.49%) R
3 43 (18.07%) SQL
4 42 (17.65%) C++
5 32 (13.45%) Java
6 19 (7.98%) C#
7 18 (7.56%) C
8 16 (6.72%) JavaScript
9 15 (6.30%) Cython
10 11 (4.62%) TypeScript
11 8 (3.36%) Go
12 7 (2.94%) Java 8
13 5 (2.10%) Julia
14 4 (1.68%) Scala
15 3 (1.26%) PHP
15 3 (1.26%) Rust
16 1 (0.42%) Bash Shell
16 1 (0.42%) ES6
16 1 (0.42%) Shell Script
16 1 (0.42%) VBA
Qualifications
1 81 (34.03%) Degree
2 29 (12.18%) Master's Degree
3 15 (6.30%) Computer Science Degree
4 9 (3.78%) MPhil
4 9 (3.78%) Numerate Degree
5 7 (2.94%) PMI Certification
6 5 (2.10%) PMP
7 3 (1.26%) DV Cleared
7 3 (1.26%) Security Cleared
8 1 (0.42%) MBA
8 1 (0.42%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (3.78%) Dodd-Frank
1 9 (3.78%) EMIR
1 9 (3.78%) MiFID
2 3 (1.26%) DICOM
3 1 (0.42%) QA
System Software
1 14 (5.88%) Docker
2 2 (0.84%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.42%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 12 (5.04%) Ansible
2 11 (4.62%) Kubernetes
3 1 (0.42%) Single Sign-On
3 1 (0.42%) Terraform
Vendors
1 37 (15.55%) IBM
2 22 (9.24%) SAP
3 14 (5.88%) Twitter
3 14 (5.88%) Yahoo!
4 8 (3.36%) Adobe
4 8 (3.36%) Marketo
4 8 (3.36%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
4 8 (3.36%) Salesforce.com
5 5 (2.10%) Google
6 4 (1.68%) Oracle
7 3 (1.26%) Ariba
8 2 (0.84%) Canon
8 2 (0.84%) Microsoft
8 2 (0.84%) Siemens
9 1 (0.42%) Calypso
9 1 (0.42%) Databricks
9 1 (0.42%) Fujitsu
9 1 (0.42%) NCR
9 1 (0.42%) ServiceNow
9 1 (0.42%) Wincor Nixdorf