Period
to 25 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 25 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 366 358 391
Rank change year-on-year -8 +33 -79
Permanent jobs citing PhD 304 247 441
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 0.75% 0.74% 0.76%
As % of the Qualifications category 4.11% 3.72% 3.63%
Number of salaries quoted 164 209 365
10th Percentile £45,000 £40,000 £40,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £53,750 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £75,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% -
75th Percentile £110,000 £100,000 £92,500
90th Percentile £121,750 £113,000 £110,750
England median annual salary £65,000 £67,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year -3.70% +12.50% +4.35%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 7,403 6,637 12,149
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 18.30% 19.86% 21.04%
Number of salaries quoted 4,898 5,073 9,121
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £48,750 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £61,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.56% +1.67% +4.35%
75th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £78,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £97,500 £95,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +34 51 £63,750 -8.93% 25
West London -11 3 - - 9
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 199 (65.46%) Python
2 131 (43.09%) Machine Learning
3 130 (42.76%) Data Science
4 121 (39.80%) Social Skills
5 118 (38.82%) Computer Science
6 104 (34.21%) Finance
7 96 (31.58%) Artificial Intelligence
8 89 (29.28%) Degree
9 87 (28.62%) Mathematics
10 85 (27.96%) Algorithms
11 81 (26.64%) Software Engineering
12 75 (24.67%) C++
13 70 (23.03%) Analytics
14 67 (22.04%) Agile Software Development
15 59 (19.41%) Presentation Skills
15 59 (19.41%) Problem-Solving
16 55 (18.09%) TensorFlow
17 53 (17.43%) SQL
18 52 (17.11%) Analytical Skills
19 51 (16.78%) Statistics
20 48 (15.79%) scikit-learn
20 48 (15.79%) NumPy
21 47 (15.46%) JavaScript
22 46 (15.13%) Stakeholder Management
23 45 (14.80%) Physics
24 44 (14.47%) Java
24 44 (14.47%) Natural Language Processing
24 44 (14.47%) Deep Learning
25 40 (13.16%) Big Data
26 38 (12.50%) Marketing

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (5.59%) Jupyter
2 16 (5.26%) Apache Spark
3 10 (3.29%) SAS
4 5 (1.64%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 5 (1.64%) CMS
5 2 (0.66%) Apache
5 2 (0.66%) Apache Airflow
5 2 (0.66%) Elasticsearch
5 2 (0.66%) SugarCRM
6 1 (0.33%) OpenStack
Applications
1 5 (1.64%) Microsoft Excel
1 5 (1.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 3 (0.99%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.33%) Final Cut Pro
Business Applications
1 15 (4.93%) SAP S/4HANA
2 6 (1.97%) FINCAD Analytics
3 5 (1.64%) Primavera
4 4 (1.32%) Summit
5 3 (0.99%) SAP BPC
5 3 (0.99%) SAP IBP
Cloud Services
1 35 (11.51%) GCP
2 18 (5.92%) AWS
3 11 (3.62%) Azure
3 11 (3.62%) SaaS
4 4 (1.32%) Amazon ECS
4 4 (1.32%) AWS Fargate
4 4 (1.32%) PaaS
4 4 (1.32%) Power Platform
4 4 (1.32%) Serverless
4 4 (1.32%) Veeva
5 3 (0.99%) Cloud Computing
6 2 (0.66%) GitHub
6 2 (0.66%) Oracle CX
7 1 (0.33%) Google Analytics
7 1 (0.33%) Google Docs
7 1 (0.33%) Google Drive
7 1 (0.33%) Google Sheets
7 1 (0.33%) Google Workspace
7 1 (0.33%) MailChimp
7 1 (0.33%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 8 (2.63%) Internet
2 5 (1.64%) GSM
3 4 (1.32%) Network Security
4 2 (0.66%) Broadband
5 1 (0.33%) 5G
5 1 (0.33%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (13.16%) Big Data
2 25 (8.22%) PostgreSQL
3 21 (6.91%) Data Mining
3 21 (6.91%) Redis
4 19 (6.25%) NoSQL
5 10 (3.29%) Data Warehouse
5 10 (3.29%) Tableau
6 9 (2.96%) Relational Database
7 8 (2.63%) Hadoop
8 7 (2.30%) SQL Server
9 5 (1.64%) MongoDB
9 5 (1.64%) RDBMS
10 4 (1.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 4 (1.32%) Apache Cassandra
10 4 (1.32%) Blockchain
10 4 (1.32%) Power BI
11 3 (0.99%) Data Lake
11 3 (0.99%) MySQL
12 2 (0.66%) KDB
12 2 (0.66%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 26 (8.55%) Git (software)
2 19 (6.25%) GitLab
3 15 (4.93%) Maven
4 10 (3.29%) webpack
5 9 (2.96%) gulp
5 9 (2.96%) Storybook
6 8 (2.63%) PostCSS
7 3 (0.99%) Subversion
8 2 (0.66%) Bitbucket
9 1 (0.33%) Babel
9 1 (0.33%) Cypress.io
General
1 121 (39.80%) Social Skills
2 104 (34.21%) Finance
3 59 (19.41%) Presentation Skills
4 52 (17.11%) Analytical Skills
5 38 (12.50%) Marketing
6 32 (10.53%) Banking
6 32 (10.53%) Retail
7 31 (10.20%) Telecoms
8 23 (7.57%) Games
9 17 (5.59%) Pharmaceutical
10 16 (5.26%) Manufacturing
11 14 (4.61%) Financial Institution
12 13 (4.28%) Advertising
13 12 (3.95%) Front Office
14 9 (2.96%) Organisational Skills
15 7 (2.30%) Automotive
15 7 (2.30%) Public Sector
16 5 (1.64%) Legal
17 4 (1.32%) French Language
17 4 (1.32%) Law
Job Titles
1 66 (21.71%) Data Scientist
2 36 (11.84%) Developer
3 35 (11.51%) Software Engineer
4 31 (10.20%) Consultant
5 20 (6.58%) Senior Data Scientist
6 15 (4.93%) Java Engineer
6 15 (4.93%) Java Software Engineer
7 13 (4.28%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 13 (4.28%) Machine Learning Engineer
8 12 (3.95%) Architect
8 12 (3.95%) Machine Learning Scientist
9 11 (3.62%) Head of Data Science
10 10 (3.29%) Quantitative Developer
10 10 (3.29%) Solutions Architect
11 9 (2.96%) Analyst
11 9 (2.96%) C# Developer
11 9 (2.96%) C++ Developer
12 7 (2.30%) Data Engineer
12 7 (2.30%) Principal Consultant
12 7 (2.30%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 55 (18.09%) TensorFlow
2 48 (15.79%) NumPy
2 48 (15.79%) scikit-learn
3 37 (12.17%) PyTorch
4 35 (11.51%) Node.js
5 33 (10.86%) Keras
6 31 (10.20%) React
7 28 (9.21%) SciPy
8 24 (7.89%) CSS
8 24 (7.89%) REST
8 24 (7.89%) Torch
9 22 (7.24%) Django
10 20 (6.58%) Celery
11 19 (6.25%) AngularJS
12 18 (5.92%) Pandas
13 17 (5.59%) Vue.js
14 9 (2.96%) Kafka
14 9 (2.96%) Redux
14 9 (2.96%) Theano
14 9 (2.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 85 (27.96%) Algorithms
2 28 (9.21%) Hedge funds
3 27 (8.88%) User Experience
4 22 (7.24%) Enterprise Software
5 18 (5.92%) Blog
6 14 (4.61%) Life Science
7 13 (4.28%) Robotics
8 12 (3.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 11 (3.62%) Fixed Income
10 10 (3.29%) Industrial Internet of Things
10 10 (3.29%) Social Media
11 9 (2.96%) Augmented Reality
11 9 (2.96%) Equities
12 8 (2.63%) Management Information System
12 8 (2.63%) Market Risk
12 8 (2.63%) Marketing Technology
12 8 (2.63%) W3C
13 7 (2.30%) Derivative
13 7 (2.30%) Internet of Things
14 6 (1.97%) Bitcoin
Operating Systems
1 9 (2.96%) Android
2 8 (2.63%) Apple iOS
3 6 (1.97%) Windows
4 4 (1.32%) Linux
5 3 (0.99%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 131 (43.09%) Machine Learning
2 130 (42.76%) Data Science
3 118 (38.82%) Computer Science
4 96 (31.58%) Artificial Intelligence
5 87 (28.62%) Mathematics
6 81 (26.64%) Software Engineering
7 70 (23.03%) Analytics
8 67 (22.04%) Agile Software Development
9 59 (19.41%) Problem-Solving
10 51 (16.78%) Statistics
11 46 (15.13%) Stakeholder Management
12 45 (14.80%) Physics
13 44 (14.47%) Deep Learning
13 44 (14.47%) Natural Language Processing
14 37 (12.17%) Neural Network
15 34 (11.18%) Visualisation
16 32 (10.53%) Business Transformation
17 31 (10.20%) Data Cleansing
18 27 (8.88%) Computer Vision
18 27 (8.88%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 199 (65.46%) Python
2 75 (24.67%) C++
3 53 (17.43%) SQL
4 47 (15.46%) JavaScript
5 44 (14.47%) Java
6 36 (11.84%) R
7 32 (10.53%) TypeScript
8 25 (8.22%) Cython
9 20 (6.58%) C
10 19 (6.25%) C#
11 15 (4.93%) Java 8
12 13 (4.28%) Go
13 9 (2.96%) ES6
13 9 (2.96%) MATLAB
14 6 (1.97%) Ruby
15 5 (1.64%) Julia
15 5 (1.64%) Scala
15 5 (1.64%) VB
16 3 (0.99%) PHP
16 3 (0.99%) Rust
Qualifications
1 89 (29.28%) Degree
2 32 (10.53%) Master's Degree
3 28 (9.21%) Numerate Degree
4 18 (5.92%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (2.30%) MBA
5 7 (2.30%) PMI Certification
5 7 (2.30%) Postgraduate
6 5 (1.64%) Chartered Engineer
6 5 (1.64%) PMP
6 5 (1.64%) Security Cleared
7 3 (0.99%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.66%) CFA
8 2 (0.66%) MPhil
8 2 (0.66%) SC Cleared
9 1 (0.33%) APMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (1.97%) Accessibility
1 6 (1.97%) Dodd-Frank
1 6 (1.97%) EMIR
1 6 (1.97%) MiFID
2 5 (1.64%) HAZOP
2 5 (1.64%) IEC 61508
2 5 (1.64%) ISO 26262
3 3 (0.99%) DICOM
3 3 (0.99%) GDPR
System Software
1 17 (5.59%) Docker
2 1 (0.33%) Firmware
2 1 (0.33%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 22 (7.24%) Ansible
2 13 (4.28%) Kubernetes
3 5 (1.64%) Docker Swarm
3 5 (1.64%) Terraform
Vendors
1 33 (10.86%) IBM
2 25 (8.22%) Yahoo!
3 20 (6.58%) SAP
4 15 (4.93%) Google
5 5 (1.64%) Adobe
5 5 (1.64%) Autodesk
5 5 (1.64%) Marketo
5 5 (1.64%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
5 5 (1.64%) Salesforce.com
6 3 (0.99%) Ariba
6 3 (0.99%) Infragistics
7 2 (0.66%) Canon
7 2 (0.66%) Oracle
8 1 (0.33%) Databricks
8 1 (0.33%) Facebook
8 1 (0.33%) Hootsuite
8 1 (0.33%) MuleSoft
8 1 (0.33%) NCR
8 1 (0.33%) Siemens
8 1 (0.33%) Twitter