Period
to 28 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 28 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
28 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 350 391 315
Rank change year-on-year +41 -76 -3
Permanent jobs citing PhD 279 452 752
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 0.74% 0.78% 1.08%
As % of the Qualifications category 3.80% 3.67% 4.69%
Number of salaries quoted 251 377 699
Median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.14% - -
10th Percentile £40,000 £40,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £115,000 £111,250 £115,000
England median annual salary £67,500 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +12.50% +9.09% -

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 7,347 12,302 16,042
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 19.52% 21.19% 23.13%
Number of salaries quoted 5,498 9,021 12,150
Median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £92,500
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 28 May 2020.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 28 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +23 52 £70,000 +5.66% 8
West London +30 15 £42,000 -34.12% 9
South London +16 6 £52,500 +13.51% 1
East London -6 3 £60,000 +44.58%
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 28 May 2020, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 213 (76.34%) Python
2 149 (53.41%) Data Science
3 146 (52.33%) Machine Learning
4 123 (44.09%) Computer Science
5 117 (41.94%) Mathematics
6 109 (39.07%) Finance
7 93 (33.33%) Degree
8 87 (31.18%) Artificial Intelligence
9 80 (28.67%) Statistics
10 68 (24.37%) C++
11 64 (22.94%) SQL
11 64 (22.94%) Software Engineering
12 58 (20.79%) Agile Software Development
12 58 (20.79%) Analytics
12 58 (20.79%) Algorithms
13 56 (20.07%) R
14 55 (19.71%) Physics
15 54 (19.35%) AWS
15 54 (19.35%) Deep Learning
16 48 (17.20%) TensorFlow
17 44 (15.77%) Big Data
18 42 (15.05%) Java
19 41 (14.70%) Natural Language Processing
20 38 (13.62%) GCP
21 35 (12.54%) Master's Degree
22 34 (12.19%) PyTorch
22 34 (12.19%) Apache Spark
23 33 (11.83%) Visualisation
24 32 (11.47%) Google
24 32 (11.47%) PostgreSQL

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (12.19%) Apache Spark
2 12 (4.30%) CMS
3 8 (2.87%) Jupyter
4 4 (1.43%) Apache Airflow
5 2 (0.72%) Apache
5 2 (0.72%) JBoss
5 2 (0.72%) SAS
6 1 (0.36%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 2 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (0.72%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.36%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.36%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 3 (1.08%) SAP S/4HANA
2 1 (0.36%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.36%) SAP MDG
Cloud Services
1 54 (19.35%) AWS
2 38 (13.62%) GCP
3 26 (9.32%) Azure
4 6 (2.15%) Power Platform
5 3 (1.08%) Amazon SageMaker
6 2 (0.72%) Amazon EC2
6 2 (0.72%) Amazon EMR
6 2 (0.72%) Amazon S3
6 2 (0.72%) AWS Data Pipeline
6 2 (0.72%) Slack
7 1 (0.36%) AWS CodeDeploy
7 1 (0.36%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (0.36%) G Suite
7 1 (0.36%) Google App Engine
7 1 (0.36%) Google Sheets
7 1 (0.36%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.15%) Internet
2 4 (1.43%) Firewall
2 4 (1.43%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (15.77%) Big Data
2 32 (11.47%) PostgreSQL
3 23 (8.24%) Hadoop
4 20 (7.17%) Relational Database
5 16 (5.73%) Blockchain
6 14 (5.02%) SQL Server
7 11 (3.94%) Data Mining
8 10 (3.58%) Amazon Redshift
9 9 (3.23%) Apache Hive
9 9 (3.23%) NoSQL
10 7 (2.51%) BigQuery
10 7 (2.51%) KDB
10 7 (2.51%) Kdb+
10 7 (2.51%) MongoDB
11 6 (2.15%) Data Warehouse
11 6 (2.15%) Power BI
12 5 (1.79%) QlikView
13 4 (1.43%) Snowflake Schema
14 2 (0.72%) Azure SQL Database
15 1 (0.36%) SAP Data Services
Development Applications
1 15 (5.38%) Git (software)
2 6 (2.15%) Jenkins
3 5 (1.79%) GitLab
3 5 (1.79%) Metasploit
3 5 (1.79%) Snyk
3 5 (1.79%) SonarQube
4 3 (1.08%) Eclipse
4 3 (1.08%) Mercurial
4 3 (1.08%) PyCharm
4 3 (1.08%) RStudio
4 3 (1.08%) Subversion
4 3 (1.08%) Visual Studio
4 3 (1.08%) Visual Studio Code
5 2 (0.72%) JIRA
5 2 (0.72%) MLflow
6 1 (0.36%) gulp
6 1 (0.36%) Travis CI
6 1 (0.36%) webpack
General
1 109 (39.07%) Finance
2 18 (6.45%) Banking
3 17 (6.09%) Front Office
4 15 (5.38%) Marketing
5 11 (3.94%) Advertising
5 11 (3.94%) Games
6 8 (2.87%) Law
6 8 (2.87%) Retail
7 2 (0.72%) Electronics
7 2 (0.72%) Financial Institution
7 2 (0.72%) German Language
7 2 (0.72%) Investment Banking
7 2 (0.72%) Publishing
8 1 (0.36%) Back Office
8 1 (0.36%) Military
8 1 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
8 1 (0.36%) Retail Banking
8 1 (0.36%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 80 (28.67%) Data Scientist
2 47 (16.85%) Senior Data Scientist
3 43 (15.41%) Analyst
4 35 (12.54%) Qualitative Analyst
4 35 (12.54%) Quantitative Analyst
5 32 (11.47%) Software Engineer
6 30 (10.75%) Developer
7 24 (8.60%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 24 (8.60%) Python Engineer
8 21 (7.53%) Python Software Engineer
9 17 (6.09%) Quantitative Developer
10 14 (5.02%) Analyst Developer
11 13 (4.66%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
12 10 (3.58%) Data Engineer
12 10 (3.58%) Machine Learning Scientist
13 9 (3.23%) Graduate
14 8 (2.87%) Market Risk Analyst
14 8 (2.87%) Pricing Analyst
14 8 (2.87%) Quantitative Risk Analyst
14 8 (2.87%) Risk Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 48 (17.20%) TensorFlow
2 41 (14.70%) Natural Language Processing
3 34 (12.19%) PyTorch
4 29 (10.39%) Pandas
5 26 (9.32%) Keras
5 26 (9.32%) scikit-learn
6 25 (8.96%) NumPy
7 21 (7.53%) Django
8 13 (4.66%) Dask
9 9 (3.23%) Kafka
10 8 (2.87%) Node.js
11 7 (2.51%) PyMC3
11 7 (2.51%) SciPy
11 7 (2.51%) Spring Boot
12 6 (2.15%) Web Services
13 5 (1.79%) OAuth
13 5 (1.79%) OpenID
13 5 (1.79%) RESTful
13 5 (1.79%) SAML
13 5 (1.79%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 58 (20.79%) Algorithms
2 31 (11.11%) Analytical Skills
3 20 (7.17%) Derivative
4 19 (6.81%) Market Risk
5 16 (5.73%) Credit Risk
6 15 (5.38%) Robotics
7 12 (4.30%) Hedge funds
7 12 (4.30%) Swaptions
8 11 (3.94%) Self-Motivation
9 9 (3.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 8 (2.87%) Management Information System
11 7 (2.51%) Renewable Energy
12 6 (2.15%) Equities
12 6 (2.15%) Exotic Derivative
12 6 (2.15%) Internet of Things
13 5 (1.79%) PKI
14 4 (1.43%) Cyberattack
14 4 (1.43%) User Experience
15 3 (1.08%) Enterprise Software
15 3 (1.08%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 24 (8.60%) Linux
2 7 (2.51%) VMS
3 5 (1.79%) Kali Linux
4 3 (1.08%) Embedded Linux
4 3 (1.08%) Robot Operating System
5 2 (0.72%) Debian
5 2 (0.72%) Fedora
5 2 (0.72%) Ubuntu
5 2 (0.72%) Unix
6 1 (0.36%) Android
6 1 (0.36%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 149 (53.41%) Data Science
2 146 (52.33%) Machine Learning
3 123 (44.09%) Computer Science
4 117 (41.94%) Mathematics
5 87 (31.18%) Artificial Intelligence
6 80 (28.67%) Statistics
7 64 (22.94%) Software Engineering
8 58 (20.79%) Agile Software Development
8 58 (20.79%) Analytics
9 55 (19.71%) Physics
10 54 (19.35%) Deep Learning
11 33 (11.83%) Visualisation
12 32 (11.47%) Fintech
13 29 (10.39%) Stochastic Calculus
14 23 (8.24%) Problem-Solving
15 22 (7.89%) Data Engineering
15 22 (7.89%) Monte Carlo Method
15 22 (7.89%) Neural Network
16 21 (7.53%) Computer Vision
16 21 (7.53%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 213 (76.34%) Python
2 68 (24.37%) C++
3 64 (22.94%) SQL
4 56 (20.07%) R
5 42 (15.05%) Java
6 22 (7.89%) Scala
7 17 (6.09%) MATLAB
8 15 (5.38%) Go
9 14 (5.02%) C#
9 14 (5.02%) JavaScript
10 13 (4.66%) C
11 11 (3.94%) Julia
12 8 (2.87%) Rust
13 7 (2.51%) TypeScript
14 4 (1.43%) Bash Shell
15 2 (0.72%) PowerShell
15 2 (0.72%) Ruby
15 2 (0.72%) Shell Script
15 2 (0.72%) VBA
16 1 (0.36%) PHP
Qualifications
1 93 (33.33%) Degree
2 35 (12.54%) Master's Degree
3 12 (4.30%) Numerate Degree
4 9 (3.23%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (2.15%) MBA
6 2 (0.72%) Postgraduate
7 1 (0.36%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.36%) CFA
7 1 (0.36%) CISM
7 1 (0.36%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (2.51%) MiFID
2 6 (2.15%) Dodd-Frank
2 6 (2.15%) EMIR
3 4 (1.43%) QA
4 2 (0.72%) Basel II
4 2 (0.72%) Basel III
4 2 (0.72%) COBIT
4 2 (0.72%) NIST
5 1 (0.36%) Actionable Recommendations
5 1 (0.36%) ISO 13485
5 1 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 24 (8.60%) Docker
Systems Management
1 27 (9.68%) Kubernetes
2 8 (2.87%) Terraform
3 5 (1.79%) Istio
3 5 (1.79%) Nessus
3 5 (1.79%) Nmap
3 5 (1.79%) Sysdig
4 1 (0.36%) Ansible
Vendors
1 32 (11.47%) Google
2 14 (5.02%) Oracle
3 13 (4.66%) Tableau
4 7 (2.51%) Sybase
5 5 (1.79%) Qualys
6 4 (1.43%) Microsoft
6 4 (1.43%) Yahoo!
7 3 (1.08%) SAP
8 2 (0.72%) Teradata
9 1 (0.36%) Alteryx
9 1 (0.36%) Foundry
9 1 (0.36%) MicroStrategy
9 1 (0.36%) Palantir
9 1 (0.36%) Sage
9 1 (0.36%) Salesforce.com
9 1 (0.36%) Twitter