Period
to 17 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 17 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
17 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 326 385 318
Rank change year-on-year +59 -67 +28
Permanent jobs citing PhD 187 364 625
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 0.79% 0.71% 0.99%
As % of the Qualifications category 4.30% 3.64% 4.59%
Number of salaries quoted 191 308 537
Median annual salary £75,000 £77,500 £75,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
10th Percentile £45,000 £48,925 £42,500
90th Percentile £106,250 £127,375 £132,500
England median annual salary £70,000 £72,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year -3.45% +20.83% +9.09%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 4,351 9,994 13,608
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 18.45% 19.51% 21.66%
Number of salaries quoted 3,481 7,726 10,274
Median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - +4.35%
10th Percentile £38,000 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 17 January 2021.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 17 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +89 48 £80,000 -1.54% 8
West London +64 11 £62,500 -3.85% 11
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 17 January 2021, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 119 (63.64%) Python
2 108 (57.75%) Machine Learning
3 87 (46.52%) Data Science
4 81 (43.32%) Degree
5 69 (36.90%) Artificial Intelligence
5 69 (36.90%) Mathematics
6 62 (33.16%) Finance
7 59 (31.55%) Deep Learning
8 56 (29.95%) Algorithms
9 55 (29.41%) TensorFlow
10 52 (27.81%) Computer Science
11 51 (27.27%) SQL
12 47 (25.13%) Agile Software Development
13 38 (20.32%) Java
14 36 (19.25%) Statistics
15 35 (18.72%) Master's Degree
16 34 (18.18%) PyTorch
17 30 (16.04%) R
18 29 (15.51%) Stakeholder Management
18 29 (15.51%) GCP
19 28 (14.97%) Visualisation
20 27 (14.44%) Azure
20 27 (14.44%) Natural Language Processing
21 26 (13.90%) C++
22 25 (13.37%) Computer Vision
23 24 (12.83%) AWS
24 23 (12.30%) Hadoop
24 23 (12.30%) Data Visualisation
24 23 (12.30%) C#
25 22 (11.76%) Analytics

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (9.09%) Apache Spark
2 6 (3.21%) Adobe Experience Manager
2 6 (3.21%) CMS
3 5 (2.67%) Apache
4 4 (2.14%) SAS
5 2 (1.07%) FileNet
5 2 (1.07%) Jupyter
6 1 (0.53%) Apache Pig
6 1 (0.53%) Confluence
6 1 (0.53%) IBM Domino
6 1 (0.53%) SharePoint
Applications
1 1 (0.53%) Maya
Business Applications
1 7 (3.74%) FINCAD Analytics
2 4 (2.14%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.53%) Oracle HRMS
Cloud Services
1 29 (15.51%) GCP
2 27 (14.44%) Azure
3 24 (12.83%) AWS
4 10 (5.35%) Amazon SageMaker
5 3 (1.60%) GitHub
6 2 (1.07%) Amazon S3
7 1 (0.53%) Akamai
7 1 (0.53%) Amazon EC2
7 1 (0.53%) AWS Lambda
7 1 (0.53%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (0.53%) npm
7 1 (0.53%) Oracle CX
7 1 (0.53%) SaaS
7 1 (0.53%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 7 (3.74%) NAS
2 3 (1.60%) SNMP
3 1 (0.53%) Cisco ASA
3 1 (0.53%) Firewall
3 1 (0.53%) FTP
3 1 (0.53%) Internet
3 1 (0.53%) Network Security
3 1 (0.53%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (12.30%) Hadoop
2 18 (9.63%) Big Data
3 17 (9.09%) SQL Server
4 14 (7.49%) Blockchain
5 12 (6.42%) NoSQL
5 12 (6.42%) Tableau
6 10 (5.35%) MongoDB
7 9 (4.81%) PostgreSQL
8 8 (4.28%) Amazon Redshift
8 8 (4.28%) Apache Hive
8 8 (4.28%) Data Mining
9 7 (3.74%) QlikView
10 6 (3.21%) Relational Database
11 5 (2.67%) MySQL
12 3 (1.60%) Text Mining
13 2 (1.07%) Data Lake
14 1 (0.53%) Amazon Athena
14 1 (0.53%) Impala
14 1 (0.53%) Oracle Database
14 1 (0.53%) Triplestore
Development Applications
1 18 (9.63%) Git (software)
2 5 (2.67%) Jenkins
3 3 (1.60%) JIRA
4 2 (1.07%) Bitbucket
5 1 (0.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 1 (0.53%) Babel
5 1 (0.53%) CircleCI
5 1 (0.53%) Cypress.io
5 1 (0.53%) Octopus Deploy
5 1 (0.53%) Storybook
5 1 (0.53%) TeamCity
5 1 (0.53%) webpack
General
1 62 (33.16%) Finance
2 19 (10.16%) Advertising
3 17 (9.09%) Banking
4 10 (5.35%) Games
5 9 (4.81%) Marketing
6 8 (4.28%) Electronics
7 5 (2.67%) Manufacturing
7 5 (2.67%) Retail
8 4 (2.14%) Dutch Language
8 4 (2.14%) French Language
8 4 (2.14%) German Language
8 4 (2.14%) Pharmaceutical
8 4 (2.14%) Polish Language
9 3 (1.60%) Law
10 1 (0.53%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.53%) Front Office
10 1 (0.53%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 50 (26.74%) Data Scientist
2 33 (17.65%) Developer
3 27 (14.44%) Machine Learning Engineer
4 21 (11.23%) Senior Data Scientist
5 15 (8.02%) Analyst
6 14 (7.49%) Quantitative Developer
7 12 (6.42%) Senior Developer
8 11 (5.88%) C# Developer
9 10 (5.35%) Qualitative Analyst
9 10 (5.35%) Quantitative Analyst
9 10 (5.35%) Senior Quantitative Developer
10 9 (4.81%) Analyst Developer
10 9 (4.81%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 9 (4.81%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
10 9 (4.81%) Senior Analyst
10 9 (4.81%) Senior Analyst Developer
10 9 (4.81%) Senior Quantitative Analyst
11 8 (4.28%) .NET Developer
11 8 (4.28%) Consultant
12 7 (3.74%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 55 (29.41%) TensorFlow
2 34 (18.18%) PyTorch
3 27 (14.44%) Natural Language Processing
4 19 (10.16%) scikit-learn
5 16 (8.56%) Keras
6 15 (8.02%) NumPy
7 13 (6.95%) .NET
8 12 (6.42%) Pandas
9 8 (4.28%) OpenCV
9 8 (4.28%) RESTful
10 7 (3.74%) SciPy
11 6 (3.21%) Akka.NET
11 6 (3.21%) Web Services
12 5 (2.67%) Caffe
12 5 (2.67%) Torch
13 4 (2.14%) ASP.NET
13 4 (2.14%) RabbitMQ
13 4 (2.14%) React
14 3 (1.60%) Node.js
14 3 (1.60%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 56 (29.95%) Algorithms
2 15 (8.02%) Equities
3 13 (6.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 13 (6.95%) Market Risk
4 12 (6.42%) Analytical Skills
4 12 (6.42%) Exotic Derivative
5 8 (4.28%) Marketing Technology
6 7 (3.74%) Management Information System
6 7 (3.74%) Self-Motivation
7 6 (3.21%) Life Science
7 6 (3.21%) Renewable Energy
8 5 (2.67%) Greenfield Project
8 5 (2.67%) Hedge funds
9 4 (2.14%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (2.14%) User Experience
10 3 (1.60%) Social Media
11 2 (1.07%) Acoustics
11 2 (1.07%) Derivative
11 2 (1.07%) Mobile App
11 2 (1.07%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 7 (3.74%) Linux
2 5 (2.67%) Unix
3 4 (2.14%) Android
3 4 (2.14%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 108 (57.75%) Machine Learning
2 87 (46.52%) Data Science
3 69 (36.90%) Artificial Intelligence
3 69 (36.90%) Mathematics
4 59 (31.55%) Deep Learning
5 52 (27.81%) Computer Science
6 47 (25.13%) Agile Software Development
7 36 (19.25%) Statistics
8 29 (15.51%) Stakeholder Management
9 28 (14.97%) Visualisation
10 25 (13.37%) Computer Vision
11 23 (12.30%) Data Visualisation
12 22 (11.76%) Analytics
12 22 (11.76%) DevOps
13 20 (10.70%) Neural Network
14 19 (10.16%) Business Transformation
14 19 (10.16%) Reinforcement Learning
15 18 (9.63%) Physics
16 16 (8.56%) Scrum
17 15 (8.02%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 119 (63.64%) Python
2 51 (27.27%) SQL
3 38 (20.32%) Java
4 30 (16.04%) R
5 26 (13.90%) C++
6 23 (12.30%) C#
7 20 (10.70%) C
8 10 (5.35%) Scala
9 6 (3.21%) F#
10 5 (2.67%) Go
10 5 (2.67%) Julia
11 4 (2.14%) PHP
12 3 (1.60%) JavaScript
13 2 (1.07%) Bash Shell
13 2 (1.07%) MATLAB
13 2 (1.07%) PowerShell
13 2 (1.07%) TypeScript
14 1 (0.53%) Cython
14 1 (0.53%) ES6
14 1 (0.53%) HLSL
Qualifications
1 81 (43.32%) Degree
2 35 (18.72%) Master's Degree
3 10 (5.35%) Computer Science Degree
4 8 (4.28%) MPhil
5 7 (3.74%) Numerate Degree
6 4 (2.14%) CFA
7 2 (1.07%) PMI Certification
7 2 (1.07%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (6.95%) MiFID
2 12 (6.42%) Dodd-Frank
2 12 (6.42%) EMIR
3 5 (2.67%) QA
4 1 (0.53%) COBIT
System Software
1 18 (9.63%) Docker
2 3 (1.60%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 15 (8.02%) Kubernetes
2 6 (3.21%) Istio
3 4 (2.14%) Ansible
4 3 (1.60%) Single Sign-On
5 1 (0.53%) Terraform
Vendors
1 17 (9.09%) IBM
2 9 (4.81%) Oracle
3 6 (3.21%) Adobe
3 6 (3.21%) Google
3 6 (3.21%) Marketo
3 6 (3.21%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
3 6 (3.21%) Salesforce.com
4 5 (2.67%) SAP
5 2 (1.07%) Canon
5 2 (1.07%) Microsoft
5 2 (1.07%) Siemens
6 1 (0.53%) Atlassian
6 1 (0.53%) Calypso
6 1 (0.53%) CheckPoint
6 1 (0.53%) Cisco
6 1 (0.53%) Databricks
6 1 (0.53%) Infor
6 1 (0.53%) Palo Alto
6 1 (0.53%) Pega
6 1 (0.53%) ServiceNow