Period
to 30 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 30 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
England > London
6 months to
30 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 301 392 303
Rank change year-on-year +91 -89 +78
Permanent jobs citing PhD 166 390 730
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 0.83% 0.71% 1.07%
As % of the Qualifications category 4.16% 3.55% 4.83%
Number of salaries quoted 163 322 633
Median annual salary £72,500 £75,000 £75,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.33% - +7.14%
10th Percentile £45,000 £47,500 £42,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £115,000 £132,500
England median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +3.85% +4.00% +13.64%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 3,993 10,998 15,099
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 19.94% 20.09% 22.23%
Number of salaries quoted 3,109 8,300 11,239
Median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £40,000 £31,250 £30,750
90th Percentile £106,500 £95,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 30 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +131 36 £73,750 -4.84% 11
West London +62 11 £60,000 -9.43% 3
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 30 October 2020, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 104 (62.65%) Python
2 85 (51.20%) Machine Learning
3 76 (45.78%) Mathematics
4 74 (44.58%) Finance
5 72 (43.37%) Data Science
6 67 (40.36%) Degree
7 54 (32.53%) Artificial Intelligence
8 50 (30.12%) SQL
9 45 (27.11%) Deep Learning
10 44 (26.51%) Algorithms
11 42 (25.30%) Agile Software Development
12 41 (24.70%) TensorFlow
13 40 (24.10%) Computer Science
14 36 (21.69%) C++
15 34 (20.48%) Statistics
16 33 (19.88%) Java
17 30 (18.07%) Master's Degree
18 28 (16.87%) GCP
18 28 (16.87%) Azure
19 27 (16.27%) Physics
19 27 (16.27%) Analytics
20 26 (15.66%) AWS
21 25 (15.06%) Visualisation
21 25 (15.06%) R
22 24 (14.46%) Big Data
22 24 (14.46%) PyTorch
23 23 (13.86%) DevOps
24 22 (13.25%) Data Visualisation
24 22 (13.25%) Banking
25 21 (12.65%) Statistical Analysis

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (11.45%) Apache Spark
2 8 (4.82%) CMS
3 5 (3.01%) Apache
4 2 (1.20%) FileNet
5 1 (0.60%) IBM Domino
5 1 (0.60%) Jupyter
5 1 (0.60%) SAS
5 1 (0.60%) SharePoint
Applications
1 1 (0.60%) Maya
Business Applications
1 3 (1.81%) SAP S/4HANA
2 1 (0.60%) FINCAD Analytics
Cloud Services
1 28 (16.87%) Azure
1 28 (16.87%) GCP
2 26 (15.66%) AWS
3 3 (1.81%) Amazon SageMaker
4 2 (1.20%) Power Platform
5 1 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
5 1 (0.60%) Amazon S3
5 1 (0.60%) Google App Engine
5 1 (0.60%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 4 (2.41%) SNMP
2 3 (1.81%) NAS
3 1 (0.60%) Cisco ASA
3 1 (0.60%) FTP
3 1 (0.60%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (14.46%) Big Data
2 21 (12.65%) Blockchain
3 18 (10.84%) Hadoop
4 14 (8.43%) SQL Server
5 13 (7.83%) Amazon Redshift
5 13 (7.83%) Tableau
6 12 (7.23%) Apache Hive
6 12 (7.23%) MongoDB
6 12 (7.23%) QlikView
7 11 (6.63%) NoSQL
8 10 (6.02%) PostgreSQL
9 6 (3.61%) Relational Database
10 5 (3.01%) MySQL
11 2 (1.20%) BigQuery
11 2 (1.20%) Data Mining
11 2 (1.20%) Power BI
12 1 (0.60%) Amazon Athena
12 1 (0.60%) Data Lake
12 1 (0.60%) Geospatial Data
12 1 (0.60%) Kdb+
Development Applications
1 16 (9.64%) Git (software)
2 5 (3.01%) Jenkins
3 1 (0.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 1 (0.60%) Eclipse
3 1 (0.60%) JIRA
3 1 (0.60%) Mercurial
3 1 (0.60%) Octopus Deploy
3 1 (0.60%) PyCharm
3 1 (0.60%) RStudio
3 1 (0.60%) Subversion
3 1 (0.60%) TeamCity
3 1 (0.60%) Visual Studio
3 1 (0.60%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 74 (44.58%) Finance
2 22 (13.25%) Banking
3 11 (6.63%) Advertising
4 10 (6.02%) Front Office
5 6 (3.61%) Games
6 4 (2.41%) Dutch Language
6 4 (2.41%) Electronics
6 4 (2.41%) French Language
6 4 (2.41%) German Language
6 4 (2.41%) Marketing
6 4 (2.41%) Polish Language
7 3 (1.81%) Law
8 1 (0.60%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.60%) Music Industry
8 1 (0.60%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 45 (27.11%) Data Scientist
2 32 (19.28%) Developer
3 27 (16.27%) Analyst
4 26 (15.66%) Senior Data Scientist
5 21 (12.65%) Qualitative Analyst
5 21 (12.65%) Quantitative Analyst
6 18 (10.84%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 16 (9.64%) Quantitative Developer
8 14 (8.43%) Analyst Developer
8 14 (8.43%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
9 9 (5.42%) .NET Developer
9 9 (5.42%) Software Engineer
10 8 (4.82%) Blockchain Developer
10 8 (4.82%) C# .NET Developer
10 8 (4.82%) C# Developer
10 8 (4.82%) F# Developer
11 7 (4.22%) C++ Developer
11 7 (4.22%) Data Engineer
11 7 (4.22%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 7 (4.22%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 41 (24.70%) TensorFlow
2 24 (14.46%) PyTorch
3 20 (12.05%) scikit-learn
4 18 (10.84%) Keras
5 13 (7.83%) .NET
5 13 (7.83%) Natural Language Processing
6 11 (6.63%) Pandas
7 9 (5.42%) NumPy
8 8 (4.82%) Akka.NET
8 8 (4.82%) RESTful
9 7 (4.22%) Web Services
10 5 (3.01%) React
10 5 (3.01%) SciPy
11 4 (2.41%) ASP.NET
11 4 (2.41%) Caffe
11 4 (2.41%) OpenCV
11 4 (2.41%) RabbitMQ
11 4 (2.41%) Torch
12 3 (1.81%) Dask
12 3 (1.81%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 44 (26.51%) Algorithms
2 13 (7.83%) Market Risk
3 12 (7.23%) Equities
3 12 (7.23%) Management Information System
4 11 (6.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 10 (6.02%) Derivative
6 9 (5.42%) Analytical Skills
6 9 (5.42%) Exotic Derivative
7 8 (4.82%) Renewable Energy
7 8 (4.82%) Swaptions
8 6 (3.61%) Hedge funds
9 5 (3.01%) Self-Motivation
9 5 (3.01%) User Experience
10 4 (2.41%) Greenfield Project
11 3 (1.81%) Enterprise Software
11 3 (1.81%) Robotics
12 2 (1.20%) Acoustics
12 2 (1.20%) Equity Derivative
12 2 (1.20%) Fixed Income
12 2 (1.20%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 5 (3.01%) Linux
2 3 (1.81%) Android
2 3 (1.81%) Unix
2 3 (1.81%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 85 (51.20%) Machine Learning
2 76 (45.78%) Mathematics
3 72 (43.37%) Data Science
4 54 (32.53%) Artificial Intelligence
5 45 (27.11%) Deep Learning
6 42 (25.30%) Agile Software Development
7 40 (24.10%) Computer Science
8 34 (20.48%) Statistics
9 27 (16.27%) Analytics
9 27 (16.27%) Physics
10 25 (15.06%) Visualisation
11 23 (13.86%) DevOps
12 22 (13.25%) Data Visualisation
13 21 (12.65%) Statistical Analysis
14 20 (12.05%) Stochastic Calculus
15 18 (10.84%) Software Engineering
16 16 (9.64%) Computer Vision
17 15 (9.04%) Predictive Analytics
18 14 (8.43%) Information Retrieval
18 14 (8.43%) Neural Network
Programming Languages
1 104 (62.65%) Python
2 50 (30.12%) SQL
3 36 (21.69%) C++
4 33 (19.88%) Java
5 25 (15.06%) R
6 19 (11.45%) C#
7 18 (10.84%) C
8 16 (9.64%) Scala
9 10 (6.02%) MATLAB
10 8 (4.82%) F#
11 5 (3.01%) Julia
12 4 (2.41%) Go
12 4 (2.41%) PHP
13 2 (1.20%) Bash Shell
13 2 (1.20%) JavaScript
13 2 (1.20%) Ruby
13 2 (1.20%) Rust
13 2 (1.20%) TypeScript
14 1 (0.60%) GLSL
14 1 (0.60%) HLSL
Qualifications
1 67 (40.36%) Degree
2 30 (18.07%) Master's Degree
3 8 (4.82%) Numerate Degree
4 7 (4.22%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (2.41%) CFA
6 3 (1.81%) MPhil
7 1 (0.60%) PMI Certification
7 1 (0.60%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (6.02%) MiFID
2 9 (5.42%) Dodd-Frank
2 9 (5.42%) EMIR
3 4 (2.41%) QA
4 1 (0.60%) COBIT
4 1 (0.60%) ISO 13485
4 1 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 12 (7.23%) Docker
2 2 (1.20%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 15 (9.04%) Kubernetes
2 8 (4.82%) Istio
3 5 (3.01%) Ansible
4 2 (1.20%) Single Sign-On
4 2 (1.20%) Terraform
Vendors
1 9 (5.42%) Oracle
2 6 (3.61%) Google
2 6 (3.61%) IBM
3 3 (1.81%) SAP
4 1 (0.60%) CheckPoint
4 1 (0.60%) Cisco
4 1 (0.60%) Databricks
4 1 (0.60%) Palo Alto
4 1 (0.60%) Pega
4 1 (0.60%) Sybase