Period
to 25 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 25 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

PhD
England > London
6 months to
25 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 396 328 388
Rank change year-on-year -68 +60 +71
Permanent jobs citing PhD 557 721 682
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.75% 0.95% 0.77%
As % of the Qualifications category 3.33% 3.96% 2.98%
Number of salaries quoted 479 637 584
London median annual salary £70,000 £62,500 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +12.00% -3.85% +30.00%
10th Percentile £38,750 £33,750 £33,825
90th Percentile £108,000 £115,000 £110,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £51,250 £50,000
% change year-on-year +7.32% +2.50% +7.53%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 16714 18226 22849
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 22.40% 24.05% 25.69%
Number of salaries quoted 12474 15125 18675
London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £53,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +2.80% +7.00%
10th Percentile £30,250 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £83,750
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD in London.

Salary trend for PhD in London

PhD
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in London over the 6 months to 25 November 2017.

Salary histogram for PhD in London

PhD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the London region over the 6 months to 25 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -39 128 £62,500 -7.41% 17
West London +1 14 £50,000 +11.11% 5
East London +1 5 £90,000 +100.00% 2
South London -10 3 £37,500 -
PhD
England

For the 6 months to 25 November 2017, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 358 (64.27%) Python
2 296 (53.14%) Machine Learning
3 231 (41.47%) Mathematics
4 222 (39.86%) Computer Science
5 211 (37.88%) Finance
6 194 (34.83%) Algorithms
7 189 (33.93%) Degree
8 188 (33.75%) Java
9 178 (31.96%) C++
10 165 (29.62%) Analytics
11 156 (28.01%) SQL
12 151 (27.11%) R
13 140 (25.13%) Software Engineering
14 128 (22.98%) Deep Learning
15 126 (22.62%) Big Data
16 116 (20.83%) Statistics
17 114 (20.47%) Physics
18 98 (17.59%) Agile Software Development
18 98 (17.59%) Apache Spark
19 97 (17.41%) Artificial Intelligence
20 89 (15.98%) Natural Language Processing
21 88 (15.80%) Linux
22 85 (15.26%) Hadoop
23 81 (14.54%) Scala
24 77 (13.82%) MATLAB
25 71 (12.75%) Banking
26 69 (12.39%) C#
27 68 (12.21%) Analytical Skills
28 66 (11.85%) TensorFlow
29 59 (10.59%) NoSQL

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 98 (17.59%) Apache Spark
2 22 (3.95%) SAS
3 10 (1.80%) Skype for Business
4 9 (1.62%) Apache
4 9 (1.62%) Apache Pig
5 8 (1.44%) Ethereum
5 8 (1.44%) Hyperledger
5 8 (1.44%) JBoss
5 8 (1.44%) Tomcat
6 6 (1.08%) Elasticsearch
6 6 (1.08%) OpenStack
7 4 (0.72%) Confluence
7 4 (0.72%) Luigi
7 4 (0.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 4 (0.72%) WebSphere
7 4 (0.72%) WebSphere Application Server
8 2 (0.36%) Apache Airflow
8 2 (0.36%) DNN
8 2 (0.36%) IIS
8 2 (0.36%) Jupyter
Applications
1 11 (1.97%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (1.80%) SPSS
3 8 (1.44%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.72%) Maple
4 4 (0.72%) Mathematica
4 4 (0.72%) Stata
5 2 (0.36%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.36%) GNU Octave
5 2 (0.36%) LaTeX
6 1 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Cloud Services
1 49 (8.80%) Amazon AWS
2 32 (5.75%) Microsoft Azure
3 21 (3.77%) Cloud Computing
3 21 (3.77%) GitHub
4 14 (2.51%) SaaS
5 12 (2.15%) Google Cloud Platform
6 11 (1.97%) G Suite
7 6 (1.08%) Azure Machine Learning
7 6 (1.08%) Google Compute Engine
8 5 (0.90%) OpenShift
9 3 (0.54%) Google Analytics
10 2 (0.36%) Amazon EC2
10 2 (0.36%) Amazon S3
11 1 (0.18%) Amazon EMR
11 1 (0.18%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 1 (0.18%) Heroku
11 1 (0.18%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 17 (3.05%) TCP/IP
2 12 (2.15%) SAN
3 11 (1.97%) ADSL
3 11 (1.97%) Cisco ASA
3 11 (1.97%) DHCP
3 11 (1.97%) DNS
3 11 (1.97%) DSL
3 11 (1.97%) Firewall
3 11 (1.97%) LAN
3 11 (1.97%) VoIP
3 11 (1.97%) VPN
4 6 (1.08%) Ethernet
4 6 (1.08%) InfiniBand
5 5 (0.90%) Network Security
6 4 (0.72%) Internet
7 2 (0.36%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 126 (22.62%) Big Data
2 85 (15.26%) Hadoop
3 59 (10.59%) NoSQL
4 41 (7.36%) Data Mining
5 35 (6.28%) MongoDB
6 21 (3.77%) Apache Hive
7 20 (3.59%) Blockchain
8 19 (3.41%) PostgreSQL
9 18 (3.23%) Relational Database
10 17 (3.05%) Apache Cassandra
11 14 (2.51%) SQL Server
12 12 (2.15%) Data Warehouse
13 8 (1.44%) Flink
13 8 (1.44%) KDB
13 8 (1.44%) RDBMS
14 7 (1.26%) HBase
14 7 (1.26%) Neo4j
14 7 (1.26%) Power BI
15 6 (1.08%) Redis
15 6 (1.08%) Spotfire
Development Applications
1 31 (5.57%) Jenkins
2 29 (5.21%) Git (software)
3 20 (3.59%) Mercurial
4 11 (1.97%) JUnit
5 5 (0.90%) Bower
5 5 (0.90%) Grunt
6 4 (0.72%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 4 (0.72%) JIRA
6 4 (0.72%) Travis CI
7 3 (0.54%) Gradle
8 2 (0.36%) Bitbucket
8 2 (0.36%) Maven
9 1 (0.18%) Codeship
9 1 (0.18%) GitLab
9 1 (0.18%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 211 (37.88%) Finance
2 71 (12.75%) Banking
3 52 (9.34%) Marketing
4 32 (5.75%) Front Office
5 31 (5.57%) Financial Institution
6 23 (4.13%) Investment Banking
7 22 (3.95%) Games
8 19 (3.41%) Retail
9 17 (3.05%) Publishing
10 13 (2.33%) Telecoms
11 9 (1.62%) Legal
11 9 (1.62%) Retail Banking
12 7 (1.26%) Advertising
13 6 (1.08%) Electronics
14 5 (0.90%) Pharmaceutical
15 4 (0.72%) Automotive
15 4 (0.72%) Back Office
15 4 (0.72%) International Banking
15 4 (0.72%) Manufacturing
16 1 (0.18%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 179 (32.14%) Data Scientist
2 124 (22.26%) Developer
3 58 (10.41%) Software Engineer
4 43 (7.72%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 39 (7.00%) Machine Learning Scientist
6 38 (6.82%) Analyst
6 38 (6.82%) Python Developer
7 32 (5.75%) Senior Data Scientist
8 31 (5.57%) Qualitative Analyst
8 31 (5.57%) Quantitative Analyst
9 29 (5.21%) Java Developer
10 27 (4.85%) C++ Developer
11 22 (3.95%) Data Engineer
12 20 (3.59%) C++ Software Engineer
12 20 (3.59%) Senior Developer
13 17 (3.05%) Quantitative Developer
14 16 (2.87%) JavaScript Developer
14 16 (2.87%) Research Engineer
15 13 (2.33%) Data Analytics Scientist
16 12 (2.15%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 89 (15.98%) Natural Language Processing
2 66 (11.85%) TensorFlow
3 36 (6.46%) scikit-learn
4 35 (6.28%) NumPy
5 28 (5.03%) CSS
5 28 (5.03%) HTML
6 27 (4.85%) Pandas
6 27 (4.85%) SciPy
7 20 (3.59%) .NET
8 18 (3.23%) D3.js
8 18 (3.23%) Theano
9 16 (2.87%) Kafka
10 15 (2.69%) Keras
11 14 (2.51%) Highcharts JS
11 14 (2.51%) Matplotlib
11 14 (2.51%) Pyramid
11 14 (2.51%) Torch
12 12 (2.15%) Node.js
12 12 (2.15%) OpenGL
12 12 (2.15%) Qt
Miscellaneous
1 222 (39.86%) Computer Science
2 194 (34.83%) Algorithms
3 68 (12.21%) Analytical Skills
4 56 (10.05%) Fintech
5 43 (7.72%) Hedge funds
6 25 (4.49%) Greenfield Project
7 21 (3.77%) Data Structures
7 21 (3.77%) Fixed Income
8 14 (2.51%) Derivative
8 14 (2.51%) Social Media
9 13 (2.33%) Equities
9 13 (2.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 12 (2.15%) 3D Graphics
10 12 (2.15%) Client/Server
11 9 (1.62%) Credit Risk
11 9 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
11 9 (1.62%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
11 9 (1.62%) Robotics
11 9 (1.62%) Verilog
11 9 (1.62%) VHDL
Operating Systems
1 88 (15.80%) Linux
2 39 (7.00%) Windows
3 13 (2.33%) Windows Server
4 11 (1.97%) Windows 10
4 11 (1.97%) Windows Server 2003
4 11 (1.97%) Windows XP
5 9 (1.62%) Unix
6 6 (1.08%) Android
7 4 (0.72%) Apple iOS
7 4 (0.72%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.54%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 296 (53.14%) Machine Learning
2 231 (41.47%) Mathematics
3 165 (29.62%) Analytics
4 140 (25.13%) Software Engineering
5 128 (22.98%) Deep Learning
6 116 (20.83%) Statistics
7 114 (20.47%) Physics
8 98 (17.59%) Agile Software Development
9 97 (17.41%) Artificial Intelligence
10 57 (10.23%) Neural Network
11 56 (10.05%) Data Analysis
11 56 (10.05%) OO
12 44 (7.90%) Data Analytics
13 41 (7.36%) Computer Vision
13 41 (7.36%) OOP
13 41 (7.36%) TDD
14 39 (7.00%) Business Intelligence
15 37 (6.64%) Statistical Modelling
16 36 (6.46%) Continuous Integration
17 35 (6.28%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 358 (64.27%) Python
2 188 (33.75%) Java
3 178 (31.96%) C++
4 156 (28.01%) SQL
5 151 (27.11%) R
6 81 (14.54%) Scala
7 77 (13.82%) MATLAB
8 69 (12.39%) C#
9 56 (10.05%) C
9 56 (10.05%) JavaScript
10 17 (3.05%) Fortran
10 17 (3.05%) Julia
11 16 (2.87%) Go
12 15 (2.69%) Haskell
13 14 (2.51%) VBA
14 11 (1.97%) Perl
15 10 (1.80%) Clojure
16 8 (1.44%) ML
16 8 (1.44%) Rust
16 8 (1.44%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 189 (33.93%) Degree
2 36 (6.46%) Master's Degree
3 27 (4.85%) Computer Science Degree
3 27 (4.85%) Numerate Degree
4 8 (1.44%) Postgraduate
5 3 (0.54%) (ISC)2 CCSP
5 3 (0.54%) CFA
5 3 (0.54%) Cisco Certification
5 3 (0.54%) GIAC
6 2 (0.36%) MBA
7 1 (0.18%) CIMA
7 1 (0.18%) OSCP
7 1 (0.18%) PMI Certification
7 1 (0.18%) PMP
7 1 (0.18%) RHCSA
7 1 (0.18%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (2.69%) QA
2 12 (2.15%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.36%) Actionable Recommendations
3 2 (0.36%) Dodd-Frank
3 2 (0.36%) EMIR
3 2 (0.36%) IFRS
3 2 (0.36%) IFRS 9
3 2 (0.36%) MiFID
System Software
1 24 (4.31%) Docker
2 11 (1.97%) Active Directory
3 10 (1.80%) XenServer
4 6 (1.08%) Ceph
4 6 (1.08%) GPFS
4 6 (1.08%) Slurm Workload Manager
5 3 (0.54%) HDFS
6 2 (0.36%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 18 (3.23%) Ansible
2 12 (2.15%) Kubernetes
3 11 (1.97%) Backup Exec
4 10 (1.80%) XenMobile
5 7 (1.26%) Opscode Chef
5 7 (1.26%) Puppet
6 6 (1.08%) Grafana
6 6 (1.08%) Icinga
7 3 (0.54%) Hadoop YARN
8 2 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.18%) Ambari
9 1 (0.18%) Ganglia
9 1 (0.18%) Nagios
9 1 (0.18%) Oozie
9 1 (0.18%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 44 (7.90%) Google
2 37 (6.64%) Microsoft
3 19 (3.41%) Oracle
4 18 (3.23%) Tableau
5 11 (1.97%) Cisco
5 11 (1.97%) HP
5 11 (1.97%) Palo Alto
5 11 (1.97%) Veeam
6 10 (1.80%) Citrix
7 8 (1.44%) IBM
7 8 (1.44%) Twitter
8 7 (1.26%) Bloomberg
9 6 (1.08%) Intel
9 6 (1.08%) SaltStack
10 5 (0.90%) webMethods
11 3 (0.54%) Datactics
11 3 (0.54%) Red Hat
11 3 (0.54%) SAP
12 2 (0.36%) Atlassian
12 2 (0.36%) Databricks