Period
to 8 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 8 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
8 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 97 116 165
Rank change year-on-year +19 +49 +81
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 393 960 790
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.57% 2.40% 1.73%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.89% 2.71% 1.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 273 717 576
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £363 £413 £425
90th Percentile £738 £725 £688
England median daily rate £525 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -4.55% - +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 8 8
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% -5.56% +28.57%
England median hourly rate £43.00 £46.25 £45.00
% change year-on-year -7.03% +2.78% +50.00%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 13,604 35,459 40,503
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 89.02% 88.59% 88.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,171 25,410 29,353
Median daily rate £525 £520 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% +2.04%
10th Percentile £325 £338 £325
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
England median daily rate £488 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +2.63% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 230 420 522
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.50 £23.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% +3.16% +3.26%
10th Percentile £17.48 £12.45 £14.00
90th Percentile £55.10 £56.60 £53.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year +40.00% +16.28% -6.81%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Daily rate trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 8 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 8 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +17 63 £525 -4.55% 34
West London +36 29 £625 +44.93%
South London +36 8 £328 -45.42% 1
East London +5 2 £498 -5.24% 4
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 8 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 236 (60.05%) Python
2 178 (45.29%) Data Science
3 170 (43.26%) Artificial Intelligence
4 143 (36.39%) Agile Software Development
5 128 (32.57%) Analytics
6 117 (29.77%) AWS
7 104 (26.46%) SQL
8 100 (25.45%) Big Data
9 87 (22.14%) Azure
10 86 (21.88%) Apache Spark
11 75 (19.08%) GCP
12 74 (18.83%) Java
13 73 (18.58%) Finance
14 64 (16.28%) DevOps
15 61 (15.52%) Algorithms
16 57 (14.50%) JavaScript
16 57 (14.50%) Business Intelligence
17 56 (14.25%) TensorFlow
18 54 (13.74%) Computer Science
18 54 (13.74%) Docker
19 53 (13.49%) Mathematics
20 52 (13.23%) Deep Learning
20 52 (13.23%) Kubernetes
21 50 (12.72%) Analytical Skills
21 50 (12.72%) Hadoop
21 50 (12.72%) Test Automation
22 48 (12.21%) Statistics
22 48 (12.21%) Natural Language Processing
23 46 (11.70%) Visualisation
23 46 (11.70%) Scala

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 86 (21.88%) Apache Spark
2 21 (5.34%) SharePoint
3 14 (3.56%) Confluence
4 11 (2.80%) Apache
5 8 (2.04%) Apache Airflow
6 7 (1.78%) SAS
7 4 (1.02%) Elasticsearch
8 3 (0.76%) CMS
8 3 (0.76%) Tornado
9 2 (0.51%) Drupal
9 2 (0.51%) IIS
9 2 (0.51%) Jupyter
9 2 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.25%) Apache Pig
10 1 (0.25%) Cloud Foundry
10 1 (0.25%) OpenStack
Applications
1 22 (5.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (4.33%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 17 (4.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.25%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 117 (29.77%) AWS
2 87 (22.14%) Azure
3 75 (19.08%) GCP
4 19 (4.83%) Office 365
5 18 (4.58%) Dynamics 365
6 17 (4.33%) Serverless
7 16 (4.07%) SaaS
8 13 (3.31%) AWS Lambda
9 12 (3.05%) OpenShift
10 11 (2.80%) AWS CloudFormation
10 11 (2.80%) Power Platform
11 8 (2.04%) Azure Functions
12 7 (1.78%) Amazon Kinesis
12 7 (1.78%) PaaS
13 6 (1.53%) Cloud Computing
14 5 (1.27%) Azure Stack
15 4 (1.02%) Amazon SageMaker
16 3 (0.76%) Amazon EC2
16 3 (0.76%) Amazon S3
16 3 (0.76%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 7 (1.78%) Firewall
2 6 (1.53%) Internet
3 5 (1.27%) 5G
4 3 (0.76%) Broadband
4 3 (0.76%) HTTP
4 3 (0.76%) RTMP
4 3 (0.76%) Skype
4 3 (0.76%) SSL
4 3 (0.76%) Wi-Fi
5 2 (0.51%) Kerberos
5 2 (0.51%) Reverse Proxy
6 1 (0.25%) Asterisk PBX
6 1 (0.25%) DNS
6 1 (0.25%) LAN
6 1 (0.25%) Network Security
6 1 (0.25%) VoIP
6 1 (0.25%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 100 (25.45%) Big Data
2 50 (12.72%) Hadoop
3 35 (8.91%) Data Warehouse
3 35 (8.91%) NoSQL
4 31 (7.89%) SQL Server
5 29 (7.38%) MongoDB
6 26 (6.62%) Data Mining
7 21 (5.34%) Redis
8 19 (4.83%) PostgreSQL
9 17 (4.33%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 16 (4.07%) Apache Hive
11 14 (3.56%) Relational Database
12 13 (3.31%) Apache Cassandra
12 13 (3.31%) Microsoft Analysis Services
12 13 (3.31%) MySQL
12 13 (3.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 10 (2.54%) Flink
13 10 (2.54%) Power BI
14 8 (2.04%) Neo4j
14 8 (2.04%) Spotfire
Development Applications
1 22 (5.60%) Jenkins
2 20 (5.09%) JIRA
3 17 (4.33%) Git (software)
4 14 (3.56%) Cucumber
5 13 (3.31%) GitLab
6 10 (2.54%) JUnit
6 10 (2.54%) Mocha
7 8 (2.04%) MSBuild
7 8 (2.04%) Octopus Deploy
7 8 (2.04%) TeamCity
8 7 (1.78%) Team Foundation Server
9 6 (1.53%) Bitbucket
10 5 (1.27%) CircleCI
10 5 (1.27%) PyCharm
10 5 (1.27%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
10 5 (1.27%) Visual Studio
11 4 (1.02%) Pylint
11 4 (1.02%) Sourcetree
11 4 (1.02%) Visual Studio Team System
12 3 (0.76%) Hudson
General
1 73 (18.58%) Finance
2 38 (9.67%) Public Sector
3 31 (7.89%) Banking
4 28 (7.12%) Marketing
5 23 (5.85%) Telecoms
6 16 (4.07%) Retail
7 15 (3.82%) Pharmaceutical
8 14 (3.56%) Front Office
9 12 (3.05%) Investment Banking
10 7 (1.78%) Games
11 5 (1.27%) Law
12 4 (1.02%) Manufacturing
13 3 (0.76%) Electronics
13 3 (0.76%) Legal
14 2 (0.51%) Publishing
15 1 (0.25%) Aerospace
15 1 (0.25%) Automotive
15 1 (0.25%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 86 (21.88%) Developer
2 85 (21.63%) Data Scientist
3 50 (12.72%) Architect
4 42 (10.69%) Data Engineer
5 28 (7.12%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 23 (5.85%) Python Developer
7 21 (5.34%) Senior Data Scientist
8 19 (4.83%) Technical Architect
9 17 (4.33%) DevOps Engineer
10 16 (4.07%) AWS Engineer
10 16 (4.07%) Full Stack Developer
11 15 (3.82%) Analyst
12 14 (3.56%) Java Developer
12 14 (3.56%) Python Engineer
13 13 (3.31%) Big Data Engineer
13 13 (3.31%) Test Engineer
14 12 (3.05%) .NET Developer
14 12 (3.05%) Software Engineer
15 11 (2.80%) C# Developer
16 10 (2.54%) AWS Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 56 (14.25%) TensorFlow
2 48 (12.21%) Natural Language Processing
3 35 (8.91%) PySpark
4 32 (8.14%) Web Services
5 30 (7.63%) .NET
5 30 (7.63%) React
6 29 (7.38%) AngularJS
6 29 (7.38%) Kafka
6 29 (7.38%) RESTful
7 28 (7.12%) Pandas
8 26 (6.62%) HTML
9 23 (5.85%) CSS
10 19 (4.83%) Node.js
11 18 (4.58%) Django
11 18 (4.58%) scikit-learn
12 16 (4.07%) Keras
12 16 (4.07%) MLlib
13 14 (3.56%) SciPy
13 14 (3.56%) Spring
14 12 (3.05%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 61 (15.52%) Algorithms
2 50 (12.72%) Analytical Skills
3 21 (5.34%) User Experience
4 18 (4.58%) Cloud Native
5 14 (3.56%) Greenfield Project
6 11 (2.80%) FMCG
6 11 (2.80%) Self-Motivation
7 8 (2.04%) Analytical Mindset
7 8 (2.04%) Fixed Income
7 8 (2.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 8 (2.04%) Robotics
8 7 (1.78%) Data Structures
8 7 (1.78%) Equities
9 6 (1.53%) Blog
9 6 (1.53%) Derivative
9 6 (1.53%) Life Science
10 5 (1.27%) Public Cloud
11 4 (1.02%) Clustering
11 4 (1.02%) Enterprise Software
11 4 (1.02%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 23 (5.85%) Linux
2 10 (2.54%) Unix
3 5 (1.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 5 (1.27%) Windows
4 3 (0.76%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.51%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 178 (45.29%) Data Science
2 170 (43.26%) Artificial Intelligence
3 143 (36.39%) Agile Software Development
4 128 (32.57%) Analytics
5 64 (16.28%) DevOps
6 57 (14.50%) Business Intelligence
7 54 (13.74%) Computer Science
8 53 (13.49%) Mathematics
9 52 (13.23%) Deep Learning
10 50 (12.72%) Test Automation
11 48 (12.21%) Statistics
12 46 (11.70%) Visualisation
13 40 (10.18%) ETL
14 39 (9.92%) Software Engineering
15 38 (9.67%) Open Source
16 36 (9.16%) Microservices
17 34 (8.65%) Data Modelling
17 34 (8.65%) Scrum
18 33 (8.40%) Data Analytics
19 30 (7.63%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 236 (60.05%) Python
2 104 (26.46%) SQL
3 74 (18.83%) Java
4 57 (14.50%) JavaScript
5 46 (11.70%) Scala
6 42 (10.69%) R
7 35 (8.91%) C#
8 17 (4.33%) Go
9 16 (4.07%) TypeScript
10 15 (3.82%) C++
11 12 (3.05%) Shell Script
11 12 (3.05%) VBA
12 9 (2.29%) PowerShell
13 8 (2.04%) F#
13 8 (2.04%) T-SQL
14 7 (1.78%) Bash Shell
14 7 (1.78%) ES6
15 6 (1.53%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
16 5 (1.27%) Java 8
17 4 (1.02%) Perl
Qualifications
1 32 (8.14%) Degree
2 27 (6.87%) Security Cleared
3 22 (5.60%) PhD
4 19 (4.83%) SC Cleared
5 12 (3.05%) Numerate Degree
6 9 (2.29%) Computer Science Degree
7 7 (1.78%) DV Cleared
7 7 (1.78%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.76%) TOGAF Certification
9 2 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
10 1 (0.25%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.25%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
10 1 (0.25%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (4.58%) QA
2 11 (2.80%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.76%) GDPR
3 3 (0.76%) Solvency II
4 2 (0.51%) GxP
4 2 (0.51%) SLA
System Software
1 54 (13.74%) Docker
2 3 (0.76%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.25%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 52 (13.23%) Kubernetes
2 24 (6.11%) Terraform
3 22 (5.60%) Ansible
4 5 (1.27%) Grafana
4 5 (1.27%) Prometheus
5 2 (0.51%) Opscode Chef
5 2 (0.51%) Puppet
6 1 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
6 1 (0.25%) Oozie
Vendors
1 44 (11.20%) Microsoft
2 28 (7.12%) Google
3 15 (3.82%) Oracle
4 13 (3.31%) Cloudera
5 12 (3.05%) Tableau
6 9 (2.29%) Databricks
7 8 (2.04%) Hortonworks
7 8 (2.04%) SAP
8 6 (1.53%) Red Hat
9 5 (1.27%) Bloomberg
9 5 (1.27%) Splunk
10 4 (1.02%) MapR
10 4 (1.02%) Teradata
11 3 (0.76%) NVIDIA
11 3 (0.76%) VMware
12 2 (0.51%) MicroStrategy
12 2 (0.51%) MuleSoft
12 2 (0.51%) ServiceNow
12 2 (0.51%) StreamSets
12 2 (0.51%) Sybase