Period
to 13 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 13 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
13 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 109 173 215
Rank change year-on-year +64 +42 +105
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 805 787 631
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 2.38% 1.68% 1.33%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.71% 1.90% 1.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 624 567 455
London median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £408 £413 £394
90th Percentile £700 £700 £713
England median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 6 2
London median hourly rate £52.50 £46.25 £63.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.51% -27.45% +269.57%
10th Percentile £14.45 £41.75 £45.63
90th Percentile £59.25 £54.38 £86.88
England median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +73.08%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 29,671 41,424 42,040
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 87.61% 88.25% 88.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,225 29,880 30,548
London median daily rate £513 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 409 465 393
London median hourly rate £24.66 £24.08 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% +7.02% +2.27%
10th Percentile £12.44 £13.05 £13.26
90th Percentile £53.75 £54.41 £48.75
England median hourly rate £23.50 £22.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +6.82% -12.00% +8.70%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 13 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 13 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 13 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +37 174 £550 - 106
West London +40 43 £500 +11.11% 49
East London -15 13 £525 - 9
South London +45 10 £530 -1.85% 9
North London - 1 - - 5
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 13 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 535 (66.46%) Python
2 436 (54.16%) Data Science
3 314 (39.01%) Artificial Intelligence
4 242 (30.06%) Analytics
5 222 (27.58%) SQL
6 217 (26.96%) AWS
7 199 (24.72%) Agile Software Development
8 186 (23.11%) Big Data
9 178 (22.11%) Azure
10 175 (21.74%) Java
10 175 (21.74%) Finance
11 167 (20.75%) Algorithms
12 150 (18.63%) Apache Spark
13 147 (18.26%) Natural Language Processing
14 143 (17.76%) Computer Science
15 141 (17.52%) GCP
16 124 (15.40%) Degree
17 119 (14.78%) Hadoop
18 114 (14.16%) Google
19 111 (13.79%) Docker
20 110 (13.66%) Statistics
20 110 (13.66%) R
20 110 (13.66%) PhD
21 106 (13.17%) ETL
21 106 (13.17%) Mathematics
22 100 (12.42%) Software Engineering
23 96 (11.93%) DevOps
24 91 (11.30%) Analytical Skills
25 90 (11.18%) Microservices
25 90 (11.18%) Visualisation

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 150 (18.63%) Apache Spark
2 33 (4.10%) Apache
2 33 (4.10%) Elasticsearch
3 26 (3.23%) Jupyter
4 16 (1.99%) Apache Airflow
5 11 (1.37%) Confluence
5 11 (1.37%) SAS
6 7 (0.87%) Apache Solr
7 5 (0.62%) DNN
8 3 (0.37%) Luigi
8 3 (0.37%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.25%) Apache Pig
9 2 (0.25%) CMS
9 2 (0.25%) IIS
9 2 (0.25%) OpenStack
9 2 (0.25%) SharePoint 2013
10 1 (0.12%) ArcGIS
10 1 (0.12%) Drupal
10 1 (0.12%) Ethereum
10 1 (0.12%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 16 (1.99%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (1.61%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.37%) GNU Octave
3 3 (0.37%) SPSS
4 2 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.25%) Stata
5 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 5 (0.62%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.12%) Actimize
2 1 (0.12%) Avolution ABACUS
2 1 (0.12%) MultiChain
2 1 (0.12%) PolarLake
2 1 (0.12%) Quorum
2 1 (0.12%) Relativity
2 1 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 217 (26.96%) AWS
2 178 (22.11%) Azure
3 141 (17.52%) GCP
4 51 (6.34%) Serverless
5 42 (5.22%) Azure Machine Learning
6 38 (4.72%) AWS Lambda
7 36 (4.47%) Power Platform
8 30 (3.73%) Amazon S3
8 30 (3.73%) Cloud Computing
9 23 (2.86%) Amazon SQS
10 22 (2.73%) Azure Data Factory
11 21 (2.61%) Amazon EMR
12 20 (2.48%) Amazon Kinesis
13 12 (1.49%) OpenShift
14 11 (1.37%) AWS CloudFormation
14 11 (1.37%) Azure Functions
14 11 (1.37%) GitHub
14 11 (1.37%) SaaS
15 10 (1.24%) Azure Stack
16 9 (1.12%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.37%) Firewall
2 9 (1.12%) HTTP
3 5 (0.62%) DNS
3 5 (0.62%) Reverse Proxy
4 4 (0.50%) Kerberos
4 4 (0.50%) Wi-Fi
5 3 (0.37%) Intranet
6 2 (0.25%) Extranet
6 2 (0.25%) Internet
6 2 (0.25%) MQTT
6 2 (0.25%) RTP
6 2 (0.25%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.12%) Asterisk PBX
7 1 (0.12%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.12%) SSL
7 1 (0.12%) VPN
7 1 (0.12%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 186 (23.11%) Big Data
2 119 (14.78%) Hadoop
3 80 (9.94%) NoSQL
4 68 (8.45%) Relational Database
5 64 (7.95%) Data Warehouse
6 60 (7.45%) PostgreSQL
7 49 (6.09%) RDBMS
8 38 (4.72%) MongoDB
9 37 (4.60%) Data Lake
10 36 (4.47%) Power BI
11 35 (4.35%) Amazon Redshift
12 33 (4.10%) Apache Cassandra
13 32 (3.98%) Data Mining
14 31 (3.85%) SQL Server
15 29 (3.60%) Apache Hive
16 28 (3.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 28 (3.48%) BigQuery
17 23 (2.86%) MySQL
18 22 (2.73%) Neo4j
19 20 (2.48%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 47 (5.84%) Git (software)
2 34 (4.22%) Jenkins
3 18 (2.24%) JIRA
4 7 (0.87%) GitLab
5 6 (0.75%) CircleCI
5 6 (0.75%) Visual Studio Team System
6 5 (0.62%) TeamCity
6 5 (0.62%) Visual Studio
7 4 (0.50%) Artifactory
7 4 (0.50%) Maven
7 4 (0.50%) Octopus Deploy
7 4 (0.50%) Subversion
8 3 (0.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 3 (0.37%) Jasmine
8 3 (0.37%) kappa
8 3 (0.37%) Travis CI
9 2 (0.25%) Bitbucket
9 2 (0.25%) MSBuild
9 2 (0.25%) PhantomJS
9 2 (0.25%) Sourcetree
General
1 175 (21.74%) Finance
2 62 (7.70%) Banking
3 36 (4.47%) Retail
4 35 (4.35%) Marketing
5 34 (4.22%) Front Office
6 24 (2.98%) Games
6 24 (2.98%) Legal
7 23 (2.86%) Publishing
8 22 (2.73%) Advertising
9 19 (2.36%) Investment Banking
10 12 (1.49%) Law
11 10 (1.24%) Pharmaceutical
12 9 (1.12%) Telecoms
13 7 (0.87%) Aerospace
14 6 (0.75%) Public Sector
15 5 (0.62%) Automotive
15 5 (0.62%) Multimedia
16 4 (0.50%) Manufacturing
16 4 (0.50%) Retail Banking
17 3 (0.37%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 235 (29.19%) Data Scientist
2 198 (24.60%) Developer
3 111 (13.79%) Data Engineer
4 89 (11.06%) Python Developer
5 60 (7.45%) Python Engineer
6 57 (7.08%) Architect
7 56 (6.96%) Senior Data Scientist
8 43 (5.34%) Machine Learning Scientist
9 40 (4.97%) Azure Engineer
10 34 (4.22%) Data Architect
11 33 (4.10%) Machine Learning Engineer
12 31 (3.85%) Java Developer
12 31 (3.85%) Senior Developer
13 30 (3.73%) DevOps Engineer
14 28 (3.48%) Cloud Engineer
15 27 (3.35%) Analyst
16 24 (2.98%) Software Engineer
17 20 (2.48%) Java Engineer
18 19 (2.36%) Azure DevOps
18 19 (2.36%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 147 (18.26%) Natural Language Processing
2 86 (10.68%) TensorFlow
3 83 (10.31%) Kafka
4 74 (9.19%) Pandas
4 74 (9.19%) scikit-learn
5 67 (8.32%) Web Services
6 52 (6.46%) NumPy
7 41 (5.09%) .NET
8 39 (4.84%) HTML
9 38 (4.72%) PySpark
9 38 (4.72%) React
10 37 (4.60%) RESTful
11 30 (3.73%) REST
11 30 (3.73%) SciPy
12 29 (3.60%) Django
13 28 (3.48%) Keras
13 28 (3.48%) PyTorch
14 27 (3.35%) Node.js
15 26 (3.23%) Flask
16 23 (2.86%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 167 (20.75%) Algorithms
2 91 (11.30%) Analytical Skills
3 40 (4.97%) Greenfield Project
4 25 (3.11%) Data Structures
5 21 (2.61%) User Experience
6 19 (2.36%) Clustering
7 16 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
8 14 (1.74%) Public Cloud
9 10 (1.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 7 (0.87%) Fixed Income
10 7 (0.87%) Mobile App
10 7 (0.87%) Robotics
11 6 (0.75%) Credit Risk
11 6 (0.75%) Hedge funds
11 6 (0.75%) Social Media
12 5 (0.62%) CCTV
12 5 (0.62%) Derivative
13 4 (0.50%) Blog
13 4 (0.50%) Data Centre
13 4 (0.50%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 36 (4.47%) Linux
2 8 (0.99%) Windows
3 7 (0.87%) Unix
4 4 (0.50%) Android
5 3 (0.37%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 2 (0.25%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.12%) CentOS
7 1 (0.12%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 436 (54.16%) Data Science
2 314 (39.01%) Artificial Intelligence
3 242 (30.06%) Analytics
4 199 (24.72%) Agile Software Development
5 143 (17.76%) Computer Science
6 110 (13.66%) Statistics
7 106 (13.17%) ETL
7 106 (13.17%) Mathematics
8 100 (12.42%) Software Engineering
9 96 (11.93%) DevOps
10 90 (11.18%) Microservices
10 90 (11.18%) Visualisation
11 88 (10.93%) Deep Learning
12 80 (9.94%) Data Modelling
13 67 (8.32%) Data Analytics
14 65 (8.07%) Problem-Solving
15 57 (7.08%) Business Intelligence
16 53 (6.58%) Predictive Modelling
17 52 (6.46%) Data Engineering
18 50 (6.21%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 535 (66.46%) Python
2 222 (27.58%) SQL
3 175 (21.74%) Java
4 110 (13.66%) R
5 87 (10.81%) Scala
6 75 (9.32%) JavaScript
7 68 (8.45%) C++
8 27 (3.35%) C#
9 23 (2.86%) Go
10 19 (2.36%) C
11 17 (2.11%) Bash Shell
12 15 (1.86%) MATLAB
13 14 (1.74%) PowerShell
14 13 (1.61%) Ruby
15 11 (1.37%) VBA
16 10 (1.24%) TypeScript
17 8 (0.99%) Perl
18 6 (0.75%) PHP
18 6 (0.75%) T-SQL
19 5 (0.62%) HiveQL
Qualifications
1 124 (15.40%) Degree
2 110 (13.66%) PhD
3 30 (3.73%) Computer Science Degree
4 26 (3.23%) Master's Degree
5 18 (2.24%) Security Cleared
6 16 (1.99%) SC Cleared
7 5 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
8 4 (0.50%) AWS Certification
8 4 (0.50%) PMI Certification
9 3 (0.37%) CEH
10 2 (0.25%) GCUX
10 2 (0.25%) GIAC
10 2 (0.25%) LPIC
10 2 (0.25%) PMP
10 2 (0.25%) Postgraduate
10 2 (0.25%) RHCA
10 2 (0.25%) RHCE
10 2 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
11 1 (0.12%) AAT
11 1 (0.12%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (2.48%) QA
2 10 (1.24%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.99%) GDPR
4 2 (0.25%) Actionable Recommendations
4 2 (0.25%) SLA
5 1 (0.12%) PMBOK
System Software
1 111 (13.79%) Docker
2 7 (0.87%) HDFS
3 4 (0.50%) Firmware
4 3 (0.37%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.12%) Active Directory
6 1 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.12%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.12%) Xen
Systems Management
1 81 (10.06%) Kubernetes
2 44 (5.47%) Terraform
3 24 (2.98%) Ansible
4 11 (1.37%) Puppet
5 9 (1.12%) Istio
5 9 (1.12%) linkerd
5 9 (1.12%) Opscode Chef
6 6 (0.75%) Prometheus
7 5 (0.62%) Kubeflow
7 5 (0.62%) Salt
8 4 (0.50%) Hadoop YARN
8 4 (0.50%) Kibana
9 2 (0.25%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (0.25%) Grafana
9 2 (0.25%) Rsyslog
9 2 (0.25%) VictorOps
10 1 (0.12%) EnCase
10 1 (0.12%) Mesos
Vendors
1 114 (14.16%) Google
2 37 (4.60%) Tableau
3 35 (4.35%) Microsoft
4 22 (2.73%) Databricks
5 20 (2.48%) Oracle
6 13 (1.61%) Teradata
7 12 (1.49%) Cloudera
8 11 (1.37%) Hortonworks
9 10 (1.24%) MapR
9 10 (1.24%) Red Hat
10 9 (1.12%) Alteryx
10 9 (1.12%) Facebook
10 9 (1.12%) SAP
11 7 (0.87%) Ab Initio
12 6 (0.75%) Informatica
13 5 (0.62%) MicroStrategy
14 4 (0.50%) Cisco
14 4 (0.50%) Splunk
14 4 (0.50%) Talend
15 3 (0.37%) Criteo