Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 27 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
27 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 166 162 94
Rank change year-on-year -4 -68 +23
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 639 467 478
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.64% 1.75% 2.75%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.79% 1.91% 3.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 442 320 339
10th Percentile £450 £413 £400
25th Percentile £519 £475 £469
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £575 £563
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +2.22% +2.27%
75th Percentile £725 £675 £675
90th Percentile £825 £713 £750
England median daily rate £600 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +9.09% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 2 0
10th Percentile £18.50 £21.29 -
25th Percentile £33.38 £22.23 -
Median hourly rate £45.00 £24.76 -
Median % change year-on-year +81.78% - -
75th Percentile £68.63 £28.25 -
90th Percentile £76.25 £29.76 -
England median hourly rate £45.00 £25.00 £60.00
% change year-on-year +80.00% -58.33% +22.12%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 35,678 24,433 15,606
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.47% 91.37% 89.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,117 17,473 11,225
10th Percentile £400 £358 £331
25th Percentile £475 £438 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - +0.96%
75th Percentile £688 £638 £625
90th Percentile £788 £713 £713
England median daily rate £550 £500 £480
% change year-on-year +10.00% +4.17% +1.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 372 241 182
10th Percentile £17.14 £15.73 £14.04
25th Percentile £23.91 £20.75 £19.99
Median hourly rate £37.25 £33.50 £34.09
Median % change year-on-year +11.19% -1.72% +51.50%
75th Percentile £53.75 £51.50 £47.83
90th Percentile £69.31 £66.50 £61.25
England median hourly rate £27.73 £24.29 £22.61
% change year-on-year +14.19% +7.41% -1.70%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Daily rate trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 27 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 27 June 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 27 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -25 58 £588 -2.08% 61
West London -1 17 £638 +1.19% 18
East London -6 2 £378 - 21
South London -21 1 £500 -13.04% 1
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 27 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 380 (59.47%) Python
2 341 (53.36%) Data Science
3 275 (43.04%) Agile
4 248 (38.81%) Azure
5 216 (33.80%) Analytics
6 215 (33.65%) SQL
7 209 (32.71%) AWS
8 171 (26.76%) Finance
9 164 (25.67%) Artificial Intelligence
10 159 (24.88%) Big Data
11 146 (22.85%) Apache Spark
12 143 (22.38%) Social Skills
13 137 (21.44%) CI/CD
14 136 (21.28%) Docker
15 120 (18.78%) DevOps
16 115 (18.00%) Software Engineering
17 109 (17.06%) Algorithms
18 107 (16.74%) Git (software)
19 105 (16.43%) GCP
20 104 (16.28%) Kubernetes
21 90 (14.08%) Pandas
22 88 (13.77%) Natural Language Processing
23 87 (13.62%) Data Pipeline
24 86 (13.46%) Computer Science
25 83 (12.99%) Linux
26 82 (12.83%) Data Engineering
27 80 (12.52%) Java
28 76 (11.89%) Statistics
29 75 (11.74%) Scrum
29 75 (11.74%) JIRA

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 146 (22.85%) Apache Spark
2 39 (6.10%) Apache
3 35 (5.48%) Apache Airflow
4 19 (2.97%) Confluence
5 10 (1.56%) Jupyter
6 9 (1.41%) SAS
7 4 (0.63%) CMS
7 4 (0.63%) Oracle Workflow
7 4 (0.63%) SharePoint Server
8 2 (0.31%) Apache Pig
9 1 (0.16%) Apache Pulsar
9 1 (0.16%) OpenStack
9 1 (0.16%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 1 (0.16%) SharePoint
Applications
1 9 (1.41%) Microsoft Excel
1 9 (1.41%) SPSS
2 5 (0.78%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.63%) Stata
4 2 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.16%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.16%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.31%) OpenText VIM for SAP
2 1 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 248 (38.81%) Azure
2 209 (32.71%) AWS
3 105 (16.43%) GCP
4 51 (7.98%) Serverless
5 44 (6.89%) GitHub
6 35 (5.48%) Power Platform
7 33 (5.16%) Azure Data Factory
7 33 (5.16%) Azure Machine Learning
8 28 (4.38%) Amazon SageMaker
9 25 (3.91%) AWS Lambda
10 23 (3.60%) Snowflake
11 21 (3.29%) Azure Functions
12 18 (2.82%) Azure AKS
12 18 (2.82%) Azure DevOps
12 18 (2.82%) SaaS
13 17 (2.66%) Amazon S3
14 15 (2.35%) dbt
15 14 (2.19%) Amazon EC2
15 14 (2.19%) Azure Synapse Analytics
16 13 (2.03%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 5 (0.78%) Internet
1 5 (0.78%) SSH
2 4 (0.63%) MQTT
3 3 (0.47%) HTTP
3 3 (0.47%) VPN
4 1 (0.16%) AMQP
4 1 (0.16%) Bluetooth
4 1 (0.16%) DNS
4 1 (0.16%) Modbus
4 1 (0.16%) SNMP
4 1 (0.16%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.16%) WebEx
4 1 (0.16%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 159 (24.88%) Big Data
2 65 (10.17%) Hadoop
3 56 (8.76%) Data Warehouse
4 52 (8.14%) NoSQL
5 35 (5.48%) Power BI
6 33 (5.16%) Data Lake
7 31 (4.85%) Tableau
8 29 (4.54%) Data Mining
9 27 (4.23%) BigQuery
9 27 (4.23%) Relational Database
10 18 (2.82%) SQL Server
11 17 (2.66%) Elasticsearch
11 17 (2.66%) RDBMS
12 13 (2.03%) Flink
12 13 (2.03%) Metadata
13 12 (1.88%) PostgreSQL
13 12 (1.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 11 (1.72%) Amazon Redshift
14 11 (1.72%) Apache Hive
15 10 (1.56%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 107 (16.74%) Git (software)
2 75 (11.74%) JIRA
3 37 (5.79%) Jenkins
4 27 (4.23%) MLflow
5 13 (2.03%) TeamCity
6 12 (1.88%) GitLab
7 9 (1.41%) ER Studio
7 9 (1.41%) ERwin
8 6 (0.94%) Maven
8 6 (0.94%) Mocha
9 5 (0.78%) Cucumber
9 5 (0.78%) Jaeger
9 5 (0.78%) Octopus Deploy
9 5 (0.78%) Selenium
9 5 (0.78%) SonarQube
9 5 (0.78%) webpack
10 4 (0.63%) JBehave
10 4 (0.63%) Snakemake
10 4 (0.63%) TestComplete
10 4 (0.63%) Visual Studio Coded UI
General
1 171 (26.76%) Finance
2 143 (22.38%) Social Skills
3 70 (10.95%) Analytical Skills
4 57 (8.92%) Banking
5 36 (5.63%) Retail
6 35 (5.48%) Marketing
7 30 (4.69%) Financial Institution
8 26 (4.07%) Front Office
9 21 (3.29%) Investment Banking
10 20 (3.13%) Presentation Skills
11 16 (2.50%) Public Sector
12 15 (2.35%) Legal
12 15 (2.35%) Telecoms
13 14 (2.19%) Games
14 13 (2.03%) Pharmaceutical
15 11 (1.72%) Manufacturing
16 8 (1.25%) Influencing Skills
16 8 (1.25%) Law
17 7 (1.10%) Electronics
18 6 (0.94%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 114 (17.84%) Developer
2 100 (15.65%) Data Engineer
3 83 (12.99%) Data Scientist
4 80 (12.52%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 70 (10.95%) Architect
6 59 (9.23%) Python Developer
7 41 (6.42%) Analyst
8 35 (5.48%) Software Engineer
9 34 (5.32%) Data Architect
9 34 (5.32%) Python Engineer
10 30 (4.69%) AWS Engineer
11 29 (4.54%) Business Analyst
12 27 (4.23%) Senior Developer
13 23 (3.60%) Azure Engineer
14 21 (3.29%) Cloud Engineer
15 20 (3.13%) Senior Data Engineer
16 19 (2.97%) Senior Python Developer
17 18 (2.82%) DevOps Engineer
17 18 (2.82%) Solutions Architect
18 17 (2.66%) AWS Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 90 (14.08%) Pandas
2 71 (11.11%) TensorFlow
3 70 (10.95%) React
4 64 (10.02%) Kafka
5 63 (9.86%) NumPy
6 52 (8.14%) HTML
7 49 (7.67%) CSS
8 47 (7.36%) PyTorch
9 42 (6.57%) Flask
10 39 (6.10%) scikit-learn
11 38 (5.95%) Django
12 36 (5.63%) PySpark
13 33 (5.16%) .NET
13 33 (5.16%) jQuery
14 30 (4.69%) Celery
14 30 (4.69%) RabbitMQ
15 27 (4.23%) AngularJS
16 21 (3.29%) Apache Beam
17 20 (3.13%) RESTful
18 17 (2.66%) BentoML
Miscellaneous
1 109 (17.06%) Algorithms
2 29 (4.54%) User Experience
3 25 (3.91%) Data Structures
4 23 (3.60%) Cloud Native
5 21 (3.29%) Legacy Systems
6 19 (2.97%) Greenfield Project
7 15 (2.35%) SWIFT
8 14 (2.19%) Derivative
9 13 (2.03%) Management Information System
10 12 (1.88%) Fixed Income
10 12 (1.88%) IoT
11 11 (1.72%) Equities
11 11 (1.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 10 (1.56%) Exotic Derivative
12 10 (1.56%) Renewable Energy
12 10 (1.56%) Virtual Team
13 8 (1.25%) Reference Data
14 7 (1.10%) Graphic Design
14 7 (1.10%) Public Cloud
14 7 (1.10%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 83 (12.99%) Linux
2 13 (2.03%) Unix
3 5 (0.78%) Android
4 3 (0.47%) CentOS
4 3 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (0.31%) Windows
6 1 (0.16%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 341 (53.36%) Data Science
2 275 (43.04%) Agile
3 216 (33.80%) Analytics
4 164 (25.67%) Artificial Intelligence
5 137 (21.44%) CI/CD
6 120 (18.78%) DevOps
7 115 (18.00%) Software Engineering
8 88 (13.77%) Natural Language Processing
9 87 (13.62%) Data Pipeline
10 86 (13.46%) Computer Science
11 82 (12.83%) Data Engineering
12 76 (11.89%) Statistics
13 75 (11.74%) MLOps
13 75 (11.74%) Scrum
14 67 (10.49%) Visualisation
15 63 (9.86%) Data Modelling
16 62 (9.70%) Business Intelligence
17 60 (9.39%) Mathematics
17 60 (9.39%) Problem-Solving
18 56 (8.76%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 380 (59.47%) Python
2 215 (33.65%) SQL
3 80 (12.52%) Java
4 71 (11.11%) JavaScript
5 69 (10.80%) Scala
6 64 (10.02%) R
7 45 (7.04%) C
7 45 (7.04%) C#
8 21 (3.29%) C++
9 18 (2.82%) Bash
10 15 (2.35%) TypeScript
11 14 (2.19%) MATLAB
12 13 (2.03%) Kotlin
13 8 (1.25%) PowerShell
14 7 (1.10%) ES6
14 7 (1.10%) Shell Script
15 6 (0.94%) Go
15 6 (0.94%) SPARQL
16 5 (0.78%) Julia
16 5 (0.78%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 72 (11.27%) Degree
2 36 (5.63%) PhD
3 20 (3.13%) Computer Science Degree
4 18 (2.82%) Security Cleared
5 17 (2.66%) SC Cleared
6 8 (1.25%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.63%) AWS Certification
7 4 (0.63%) DV Cleared
7 4 (0.63%) Numerate Degree
7 4 (0.63%) PMI Certification
8 3 (0.47%) TOGAF Certification
9 1 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.16%) CISSP
9 1 (0.16%) MCP
9 1 (0.16%) MCSA
9 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.16%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 54 (8.45%) QA
2 26 (4.07%) Data Quality
3 15 (2.35%) ISO 20022
3 15 (2.35%) SEPA
4 6 (0.94%) Accessibility
5 2 (0.31%) Dodd-Frank
5 2 (0.31%) EMIR
5 2 (0.31%) MiFID
6 1 (0.16%) GDPR
6 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.16%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.16%) PMO
System Software
1 136 (21.28%) Docker
2 17 (2.66%) HDFS
3 4 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (0.47%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
5 2 (0.31%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 104 (16.28%) Kubernetes
2 47 (7.36%) Terraform
3 21 (3.29%) Ansible
4 20 (3.13%) Kubeflow
5 16 (2.50%) Grafana
6 5 (0.78%) HP Fortify
6 5 (0.78%) Prometheus
7 4 (0.63%) Consul
7 4 (0.63%) Kibana
7 4 (0.63%) logstash
8 3 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (0.47%) Puppet
9 1 (0.16%) Istio
9 1 (0.16%) Oozie
Vendors
1 55 (8.61%) Databricks
2 50 (7.82%) Google
3 29 (4.54%) Microsoft
4 17 (2.66%) Splunk
5 13 (2.03%) Oracle
6 11 (1.72%) SAP
7 9 (1.41%) Adobe
8 8 (1.25%) Informatica
9 6 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
10 4 (0.63%) Alteryx
10 4 (0.63%) Cloudera
11 3 (0.47%) AppDynamics
11 3 (0.47%) MicroStrategy
11 3 (0.47%) Red Hat
11 3 (0.47%) Teradata
12 2 (0.31%) Apple
12 2 (0.31%) Ariba
12 2 (0.31%) IBM
12 2 (0.31%) OpenText
12 2 (0.31%) Sage