Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
England > London
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 198 331 532
Rank change year-on-year +133 +201 +19
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 629 305 85
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 1.35% 0.67% 0.18%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.55% 0.78% 0.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 454 219 57
London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £396 £400 £372
90th Percentile £713 £675 £675
England median daily rate £550 £510 £520
% change year-on-year +7.84% -1.92% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 2
London median hourly rate £45.00 £17.25 £80.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +160.87% -78.44% -
England median hourly rate £32.17 £26.00 £65.00
% change year-on-year +23.73% -60.00% -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 40487 39001 39528
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 86.99% 86.22% 83.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 29443 28001 28255
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £288
90th Percentile £670 £644 £638
England median daily rate £450 £425 £420
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 376 404 472
London median hourly rate £22.50 £21.89 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.79% +9.45% +11.11%
10th Percentile £13.31 £12.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £52.25 £50.09 £50.00
England median hourly rate £24.00 £24.41 £22.50
% change year-on-year -1.68% +8.49% +18.42%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in London

Machine Learning
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the London region over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +57 104 £550 +10.00% 38
West London +15 23 £475 -20.83% 7
East London +11 20 £600 +33.33% 4
South London - 5 £638 - 3
Machine Learning
England

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 372 (59.14%) Python
2 254 (40.38%) Big Data
3 238 (37.84%) Analytics
4 205 (32.59%) Apache Spark
5 199 (31.64%) SQL
6 195 (31.00%) Java
7 189 (30.05%) Hadoop
8 181 (28.78%) R
9 176 (27.98%) Agile Software Development
10 170 (27.03%) Finance
11 149 (23.69%) Algorithms
12 144 (22.89%) Scala
13 139 (22.10%) Amazon AWS
14 116 (18.44%) Visualisation
15 111 (17.65%) NoSQL
16 110 (17.49%) Analytical Skills
17 106 (16.85%) Computer Science
18 102 (16.22%) Degree
19 100 (15.90%) Mathematics
19 100 (15.90%) Artificial Intelligence
19 100 (15.90%) JavaScript
20 89 (14.15%) Microsoft Azure
21 85 (13.51%) MongoDB
22 84 (13.35%) Business Intelligence
23 79 (12.56%) Linux
23 79 (12.56%) Data Visualisation
23 79 (12.56%) Natural Language Processing
23 79 (12.56%) Statistics
24 76 (12.08%) C#
25 71 (11.29%) Scrum

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 205 (32.59%) Apache Spark
2 64 (10.17%) Apache
3 53 (8.43%) Elasticsearch
4 29 (4.61%) Apache Pig
4 29 (4.61%) SAS
5 21 (3.34%) Apache Solr
6 9 (1.43%) Cloud Foundry
7 8 (1.27%) Confluence
8 3 (0.48%) IIS
8 3 (0.48%) Jupyter
8 3 (0.48%) OpenStack
9 1 (0.16%) BizTalk Server
9 1 (0.16%) Ethereum
9 1 (0.16%) Facebook Platform
9 1 (0.16%) GeoServer
9 1 (0.16%) SharePoint
9 1 (0.16%) Tornado
Applications
1 18 (2.86%) SPSS
2 11 (1.75%) Chatbot
3 7 (1.11%) Microsoft Excel
4 6 (0.95%) Weka
5 2 (0.32%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.32%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.16%) Gephi
6 1 (0.16%) InVision
6 1 (0.16%) Stata
6 1 (0.16%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 2 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.16%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 139 (22.10%) Amazon AWS
2 89 (14.15%) Microsoft Azure
3 31 (4.93%) Google Cloud Platform
4 11 (1.75%) GitHub
5 10 (1.59%) Amazon EC2
5 10 (1.59%) Amazon EMR
5 10 (1.59%) Cloud Computing
5 10 (1.59%) Dialogflow
5 10 (1.59%) SaaS
6 9 (1.43%) Amazon S3
7 8 (1.27%) AWS CloudFormation
8 7 (1.11%) Serverless
9 6 (0.95%) Amazon Kinesis
9 6 (0.95%) Azure Machine Learning
10 4 (0.64%) Heroku
11 3 (0.48%) Azure Data Factory
11 3 (0.48%) Data Lake Analytics
11 3 (0.48%) PaaS
12 2 (0.32%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
12 2 (0.32%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 9 (1.43%) LDAP
2 8 (1.27%) HTTP
3 3 (0.48%) DNS
3 3 (0.48%) Firewall
3 3 (0.48%) Intranet
3 3 (0.48%) OpenVPN
4 2 (0.32%) Internet
5 1 (0.16%) Broadband
5 1 (0.16%) Intrusion Detection
5 1 (0.16%) SMS
5 1 (0.16%) SNA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 254 (40.38%) Big Data
2 189 (30.05%) Hadoop
3 111 (17.65%) NoSQL
4 85 (13.51%) MongoDB
5 63 (10.02%) Data Mining
6 62 (9.86%) Apache Cassandra
7 56 (8.90%) Apache Hive
8 40 (6.36%) SQL Server
9 37 (5.88%) BusinessObjects
10 35 (5.56%) Data Warehouse
11 30 (4.77%) MySQL
12 24 (3.82%) Blockchain
12 24 (3.82%) Relational Database
13 21 (3.34%) HBase
14 20 (3.18%) Neo4j
15 18 (2.86%) Data Lake
16 16 (2.54%) Qlik Sense
16 16 (2.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 15 (2.38%) Impala
18 14 (2.23%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 34 (5.41%) JIRA
2 22 (3.50%) Git (software)
3 16 (2.54%) Jenkins
4 7 (1.11%) Grunt
4 7 (1.11%) gulp
5 5 (0.79%) Selenium
6 4 (0.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 4 (0.64%) SpecFlow
6 4 (0.64%) TeamCity
7 2 (0.32%) GoCD
7 2 (0.32%) PyCharm
8 1 (0.16%) Axure RP
8 1 (0.16%) Bitbucket
8 1 (0.16%) Jasmine
8 1 (0.16%) Octopus Deploy
8 1 (0.16%) PhantomJS
8 1 (0.16%) RStudio
8 1 (0.16%) Talend Open Studio
8 1 (0.16%) Team Foundation Server
8 1 (0.16%) webpack
General
1 170 (27.03%) Finance
2 70 (11.13%) Banking
3 43 (6.84%) Retail
4 40 (6.36%) Marketing
5 38 (6.04%) Front Office
6 23 (3.66%) Investment Banking
7 18 (2.86%) Publishing
8 17 (2.70%) Telecoms
9 11 (1.75%) Games
10 10 (1.59%) Manufacturing
11 9 (1.43%) Electronics
12 8 (1.27%) Legal
13 7 (1.11%) Law
13 7 (1.11%) Pharmaceutical
14 6 (0.95%) Advertising
15 3 (0.48%) Financial Institution
16 2 (0.32%) Billing
17 1 (0.16%) Aerospace
17 1 (0.16%) Automotive
17 1 (0.16%) Military
Job Titles
1 193 (30.68%) Developer
2 182 (28.93%) Data Scientist
3 72 (11.45%) Data Engineer
4 53 (8.43%) Analyst
5 52 (8.27%) Python Developer
6 46 (7.31%) Big Data Developer
7 45 (7.15%) Machine Learning Scientist
7 45 (7.15%) Scala Developer
8 42 (6.68%) Java Developer
9 36 (5.72%) Architect
10 35 (5.56%) Big Data Engineer
11 29 (4.61%) Business Analyst
12 26 (4.13%) Senior Data Scientist
13 25 (3.97%) Software Engineer
14 18 (2.86%) Java Engineer
15 16 (2.54%) Machine Learning Developer
15 16 (2.54%) Machine Learning Engineer
16 15 (2.38%) Data Analyst
16 15 (2.38%) Java Scala Developer
16 15 (2.38%) Lead Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 79 (12.56%) Natural Language Processing
2 67 (10.65%) Kafka
3 66 (10.49%) JSON
4 55 (8.74%) REST
4 55 (8.74%) Web Services
5 44 (7.00%) TensorFlow
6 37 (5.88%) Pandas
7 33 (5.25%) .NET
8 31 (4.93%) scikit-learn
9 30 (4.77%) D3.js
10 27 (4.29%) HTML
11 26 (4.13%) Akka
11 26 (4.13%) RESTful
12 25 (3.97%) CSS
12 25 (3.97%) Theano
13 24 (3.82%) NumPy
14 23 (3.66%) Django
15 22 (3.50%) AngularJS
15 22 (3.50%) XML
16 20 (3.18%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 149 (23.69%) Algorithms
2 110 (17.49%) Analytical Skills
3 106 (16.85%) Computer Science
4 29 (4.61%) Robotics
5 24 (3.82%) Greenfield Project
6 23 (3.66%) User Experience
7 19 (3.02%) Fintech
7 19 (3.02%) Market Risk
8 14 (2.23%) Data Structures
8 14 (2.23%) Semantic Web
9 13 (2.07%) Fixed Income
10 12 (1.91%) Linked Data
11 11 (1.75%) Management Information System
12 9 (1.43%) Data Centre
12 9 (1.43%) Replication
13 6 (0.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 6 (0.95%) Mobile App
14 5 (0.79%) Clustering
14 5 (0.79%) Hybrid Cloud
14 5 (0.79%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 79 (12.56%) Linux
2 35 (5.56%) Unix
3 22 (3.50%) Windows
4 10 (1.59%) Windows 10
4 10 (1.59%) Windows 7
5 9 (1.43%) CentOS
5 9 (1.43%) Debian
5 9 (1.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (1.11%) Android
7 6 (0.95%) Mac OS
7 6 (0.95%) Ubuntu
8 5 (0.79%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.64%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.48%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 238 (37.84%) Analytics
2 176 (27.98%) Agile Software Development
3 116 (18.44%) Visualisation
4 100 (15.90%) Artificial Intelligence
4 100 (15.90%) Mathematics
5 84 (13.35%) Business Intelligence
6 79 (12.56%) Data Visualisation
6 79 (12.56%) Statistics
7 71 (11.29%) Scrum
8 70 (11.13%) Software Engineering
9 57 (9.06%) DevOps
10 56 (8.90%) Neural Network
11 55 (8.74%) Open Source
12 51 (8.11%) Data Analysis
13 47 (7.47%) TDD
14 44 (7.00%) Data Analytics
14 44 (7.00%) Deep Learning
14 44 (7.00%) ETL
15 42 (6.68%) Data Modelling
15 42 (6.68%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 372 (59.14%) Python
2 199 (31.64%) SQL
3 195 (31.00%) Java
4 181 (28.78%) R
5 144 (22.89%) Scala
6 100 (15.90%) JavaScript
7 76 (12.08%) C#
8 32 (5.09%) C++
9 28 (4.45%) SPARQL
10 23 (3.66%) MATLAB
11 21 (3.34%) Shell Script
12 16 (2.54%) Bash Shell
13 11 (1.75%) C
14 9 (1.43%) Perl
15 8 (1.27%) ES6
16 7 (1.11%) Go
16 7 (1.11%) VBA
17 6 (0.95%) Groovy
17 6 (0.95%) T-SQL
18 5 (0.79%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 102 (16.22%) Degree
2 51 (8.11%) PhD
3 36 (5.72%) Security Cleared
4 30 (4.77%) Computer Science Degree
5 27 (4.29%) SC Cleared
6 18 (2.86%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.95%) PMP
8 5 (0.79%) ISEB
9 4 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.64%) DV Cleared
9 4 (0.64%) Numerate Degree
10 3 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.32%) CISSP
11 2 (0.32%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (5.41%) QA
2 15 (2.38%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.48%) GCP
3 3 (0.48%) GDPR
4 1 (0.16%) MiFID
4 1 (0.16%) PMO
System Software
1 39 (6.20%) Docker
2 16 (2.54%) HDFS
3 13 (2.07%) Apache Flume
4 9 (1.43%) Samba
5 6 (0.95%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 6 (0.95%) etcd
5 6 (0.95%) Varnish
6 3 (0.48%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.48%) KVM
6 3 (0.48%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 26 (4.13%) Hadoop YARN
2 18 (2.86%) Ansible
3 12 (1.91%) Terraform
4 8 (1.27%) Kubernetes
4 8 (1.27%) logstash
5 7 (1.11%) Kibana
5 7 (1.11%) Oozie
6 6 (0.95%) Consul
6 6 (0.95%) Puppet
7 4 (0.64%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (0.16%) Mesos
8 1 (0.16%) Rancher
Vendors
1 64 (10.17%) Tableau
2 37 (5.88%) Microsoft
3 32 (5.09%) Google
4 30 (4.77%) SAP
5 21 (3.34%) IBM
6 15 (2.38%) Oracle
7 11 (1.75%) Hortonworks
8 8 (1.27%) Cloudera
9 7 (1.11%) Informatica
10 6 (0.95%) Alteryx
10 6 (0.95%) Blue Prism
11 5 (0.79%) MicroStrategy
11 5 (0.79%) Progress
12 4 (0.64%) Teradata
12 4 (0.64%) VMware
13 3 (0.48%) Salesforce.com
13 3 (0.48%) SaltStack
14 2 (0.32%) Capita
14 2 (0.32%) Cognos
14 2 (0.32%) iManage