Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 29 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Science
England > London
6 months to
29 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 148 113 88
Rank change year-on-year -35 -25 -2
Contract jobs citing Data Science 749 660 507
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.91% 2.44% 2.90%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.08% 2.67% 3.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 489 441 322
10th Percentile £413 £400 £413
25th Percentile £503 £463 £476
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - -
75th Percentile £700 £625 £650
90th Percentile £800 £688 £750
England median daily rate £600 £550 £525
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 6 6
10th Percentile £29.25 £33.63 £35.29
25th Percentile £32.50 £37.44 £37.09
Median hourly rate £45.00 £44.25 £38.50
Median % change year-on-year +1.69% +14.94% +5.48%
75th Percentile £62.50 £49.01 £39.25
90th Percentile £72.50 £61.30 £43.50
England median hourly rate £42.00 £27.73 £38.50
% change year-on-year +51.46% -27.97% +10.00%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 35,951 24,701 15,706
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.52% 91.38% 89.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,312 17,679 11,295
10th Percentile £400 £360 £331
25th Percentile £475 £438 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - +0.96%
75th Percentile £690 £638 £623
90th Percentile £788 £713 £713
England median daily rate £550 £500 £480
% change year-on-year +10.00% +4.17% +1.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 376 241 183
10th Percentile £17.19 £15.73 £14.08
25th Percentile £23.91 £20.75 £19.99
Median hourly rate £36.75 £32.85 £33.68
Median % change year-on-year +11.87% -2.45% +49.67%
75th Percentile £53.75 £51.00 £47.83
90th Percentile £69.06 £65.75 £61.25
England median hourly rate £28.41 £24.00 £22.74
% change year-on-year +18.38% +5.56% -1.00%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Data Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in London

Data Science
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Science in London.

Daily rate trend for Data Science in London

Data Science
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Science in London over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Data Science in London

Data Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Science in London.

Hourly rate trend for Data Science in London

Data Science
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Data Science in London over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Data Science in London

Data Science
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the London region over the 6 months to 29 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -37 74 £606 +10.23% 55
West London +15 31 £580 -7.94% 22
East London -14 2 £378 -32.89% 13
Data Science
England

For the 6 months to 29 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Data Science.

1 476 (63.55%) Python
2 347 (46.33%) Machine Learning
3 300 (40.05%) Analytics
4 298 (39.79%) Agile
5 294 (39.25%) SQL
6 262 (34.98%) Azure
7 213 (28.44%) AWS
8 170 (22.70%) Big Data
9 168 (22.43%) DevOps
10 164 (21.90%) Finance
11 160 (21.36%) Social Skills
12 155 (20.69%) Analytical Skills
13 146 (19.49%) CI/CD
14 139 (18.56%) Docker
15 130 (17.36%) Apache Spark
16 127 (16.96%) Git (software)
17 125 (16.69%) Data Pipeline
18 118 (15.75%) Visualisation
19 117 (15.62%) Data Engineering
20 116 (15.49%) Statistics
21 114 (15.22%) Degree
22 111 (14.82%) Computer Science
22 111 (14.82%) Artificial Intelligence
23 108 (14.42%) R
24 105 (14.02%) Kubernetes
25 102 (13.62%) Software Engineering
26 101 (13.48%) Data Modelling
27 98 (13.08%) Linux
28 97 (12.95%) Business Intelligence
28 97 (12.95%) Pandas

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 130 (17.36%) Apache Spark
2 35 (4.67%) Apache Airflow
3 26 (3.47%) Apache
4 22 (2.94%) SAS
5 15 (2.00%) Confluence
6 14 (1.87%) Jupyter
7 7 (0.93%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 4 (0.53%) SharePoint Server
9 3 (0.40%) Luigi
9 3 (0.40%) SharePoint
10 2 (0.27%) Apache Pig
10 2 (0.27%) IIS
10 2 (0.27%) WebSphere
11 1 (0.13%) CMS
11 1 (0.13%) Hyperledger
11 1 (0.13%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 21 (2.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (2.00%) SPSS
3 9 (1.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.67%) Adobe Illustrator
4 5 (0.67%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.67%) Stata
5 4 (0.53%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.13%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.13%) InVision
7 1 (0.13%) Sketch
7 1 (0.13%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 4 (0.53%) Oracle AML
2 2 (0.27%) Adobe Campaign
2 2 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 1 (0.13%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 262 (34.98%) Azure
2 213 (28.44%) AWS
3 91 (12.15%) GCP
4 81 (10.81%) Serverless
5 65 (8.68%) Power Platform
6 64 (8.54%) GitHub
7 38 (5.07%) AWS Lambda
8 32 (4.27%) Azure Data Factory
9 31 (4.14%) Amazon SageMaker
9 31 (4.14%) Snowflake
10 30 (4.01%) Azure DevOps
11 27 (3.60%) Amazon S3
12 24 (3.20%) Azure Machine Learning
13 23 (3.07%) Azure Synapse Analytics
14 19 (2.54%) Azure Functions
15 18 (2.40%) Cloud Computing
16 17 (2.27%) PaaS
17 16 (2.14%) AWS Step Functions
18 14 (1.87%) AWS Fargate
18 14 (1.87%) dbt
Communications & Networking
1 6 (0.80%) Internet
2 5 (0.67%) SSH
3 4 (0.53%) TETRA
4 3 (0.40%) 4G
4 3 (0.40%) Firewall
4 3 (0.40%) Kerberos
4 3 (0.40%) Radio Access Network
5 2 (0.27%) DNS
5 2 (0.27%) Network Security
6 1 (0.13%) 5G
6 1 (0.13%) Cisco ISE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 170 (22.70%) Big Data
2 72 (9.61%) Data Warehouse
3 65 (8.68%) Power BI
4 54 (7.21%) Hadoop
5 53 (7.08%) Tableau
6 50 (6.68%) NoSQL
7 47 (6.28%) Data Mining
8 41 (5.47%) Data Lake
9 35 (4.67%) BigQuery
10 28 (3.74%) Relational Database
11 25 (3.34%) Apache Hive
11 25 (3.34%) SQL Server
12 19 (2.54%) Metadata
12 19 (2.54%) PostgreSQL
13 18 (2.40%) Amazon Redshift
14 14 (1.87%) Spark SQL
15 13 (1.74%) Azure SQL Database
15 13 (1.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 12 (1.60%) Amazon RDS
16 12 (1.60%) Elasticsearch
Development Applications
1 127 (16.96%) Git (software)
2 86 (11.48%) JIRA
3 42 (5.61%) Jenkins
4 32 (4.27%) MLflow
5 18 (2.40%) GitLab
6 11 (1.47%) ER Studio
6 11 (1.47%) TeamCity
7 10 (1.34%) webpack
8 8 (1.07%) Cucumber
9 7 (0.93%) ERwin
10 6 (0.80%) CircleCI
10 6 (0.80%) Maven
11 5 (0.67%) kappa
11 5 (0.67%) Mocha
11 5 (0.67%) Octopus Deploy
11 5 (0.67%) Selenium
11 5 (0.67%) Snakemake
11 5 (0.67%) SonarQube
11 5 (0.67%) Visual Studio Code
12 4 (0.53%) TestComplete
General
1 164 (21.90%) Finance
2 160 (21.36%) Social Skills
3 155 (20.69%) Analytical Skills
4 46 (6.14%) Banking
4 46 (6.14%) Marketing
4 46 (6.14%) Presentation Skills
5 28 (3.74%) Retail
6 25 (3.34%) Influencing Skills
7 22 (2.94%) Public Sector
8 21 (2.80%) Front Office
8 21 (2.80%) Pharmaceutical
9 19 (2.54%) Legal
10 17 (2.27%) Telecoms
11 11 (1.47%) Advertising
12 10 (1.34%) Publishing
13 9 (1.20%) Financial Institution
14 8 (1.07%) Organisational Skills
15 7 (0.93%) Games
15 7 (0.93%) Wholesale Banking
16 6 (0.80%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 163 (21.76%) Data Scientist
2 116 (15.49%) Data Engineer
3 96 (12.82%) Developer
4 61 (8.14%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 57 (7.61%) Analyst
6 45 (6.01%) Python Developer
7 39 (5.21%) DevOps Engineer
8 37 (4.94%) Azure Engineer
9 35 (4.67%) Data Analyst
10 34 (4.54%) Python Engineer
11 33 (4.41%) AWS Engineer
12 28 (3.74%) Cloud Engineer
12 28 (3.74%) Senior Data Scientist
13 26 (3.47%) Architect
14 25 (3.34%) Senior Data Engineer
14 25 (3.34%) Senior Developer
15 23 (3.07%) Data Science Engineer
16 22 (2.94%) Designer
17 19 (2.54%) Senior Python Developer
17 19 (2.54%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 97 (12.95%) Pandas
2 69 (9.21%) NumPy
3 68 (9.08%) TensorFlow
4 62 (8.28%) HTML
4 62 (8.28%) React
5 61 (8.14%) CSS
6 45 (6.01%) PySpark
7 42 (5.61%) Flask
8 41 (5.47%) PyTorch
8 41 (5.47%) scikit-learn
9 39 (5.21%) Kafka
10 37 (4.94%) Django
11 35 (4.67%) jQuery
12 31 (4.14%) Celery
12 31 (4.14%) RabbitMQ
13 21 (2.80%) Matplotlib
14 20 (2.67%) .NET
14 20 (2.67%) RESTful
15 19 (2.54%) pytest
16 18 (2.40%) Apache Beam
Miscellaneous
1 84 (11.21%) Algorithms
2 56 (7.48%) User Experience
3 27 (3.60%) Management Information System
4 26 (3.47%) Data Structures
5 23 (3.07%) Greenfield Project
6 22 (2.94%) Cloud Native
7 13 (1.74%) Social Media
8 11 (1.47%) Self-Motivation
9 10 (1.34%) Linux Command Line
9 10 (1.34%) Renewable Energy
10 7 (0.93%) Blockchain
10 7 (0.93%) Hybrid Cloud
10 7 (0.93%) Reference Data
11 6 (0.80%) IoT
11 6 (0.80%) Virtual Team
12 5 (0.67%) Data Centre
12 5 (0.67%) Data Protection Act
12 5 (0.67%) Enterprise Software
12 5 (0.67%) Marketing Technology
12 5 (0.67%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 98 (13.08%) Linux
2 19 (2.54%) Unix
3 8 (1.07%) CentOS
3 8 (1.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 5 (0.67%) Windows
5 2 (0.27%) Android
5 2 (0.27%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.13%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 347 (46.33%) Machine Learning
2 300 (40.05%) Analytics
3 298 (39.79%) Agile
4 168 (22.43%) DevOps
5 146 (19.49%) CI/CD
6 125 (16.69%) Data Pipeline
7 118 (15.75%) Visualisation
8 117 (15.62%) Data Engineering
9 116 (15.49%) Statistics
10 111 (14.82%) Artificial Intelligence
10 111 (14.82%) Computer Science
11 102 (13.62%) Software Engineering
12 101 (13.48%) Data Modelling
13 97 (12.95%) Business Intelligence
14 95 (12.68%) ETL
15 80 (10.68%) Mathematics
16 75 (10.01%) Natural Language Processing
17 74 (9.88%) Scrum
18 72 (9.61%) Mentoring
18 72 (9.61%) MLOps
Programming Languages
1 476 (63.55%) Python
2 294 (39.25%) SQL
3 108 (14.42%) R
4 82 (10.95%) Scala
5 57 (7.61%) Java
5 57 (7.61%) JavaScript
6 45 (6.01%) C
7 40 (5.34%) C#
8 25 (3.34%) Bash
8 25 (3.34%) PowerShell
9 23 (3.07%) C++
9 23 (3.07%) TypeScript
10 15 (2.00%) MATLAB
11 13 (1.74%) Go
12 12 (1.60%) Kotlin
13 10 (1.34%) ES6
14 9 (1.20%) PHP
15 8 (1.07%) Julia
15 8 (1.07%) Shell Script
16 7 (0.93%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 114 (15.22%) Degree
2 40 (5.34%) PhD
3 36 (4.81%) Security Cleared
4 35 (4.67%) SC Cleared
5 26 (3.47%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (1.87%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.80%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (0.40%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.27%) ITIL Certification
10 1 (0.13%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.13%) BPSS Clearance
10 1 (0.13%) CSPO
10 1 (0.13%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.13%) MPhil
10 1 (0.13%) PMP
10 1 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 54 (7.21%) QA
2 39 (5.21%) Data Quality
3 11 (1.47%) Accessibility
4 4 (0.53%) CDISC
4 4 (0.53%) ISO 20022
4 4 (0.53%) SEPA
5 3 (0.40%) GDPR
6 2 (0.27%) Dodd-Frank
6 2 (0.27%) EMIR
6 2 (0.27%) IFRS
6 2 (0.27%) IFRS 17
6 2 (0.27%) MiFID
7 1 (0.13%) Actionable Recommendations
7 1 (0.13%) GRC
7 1 (0.13%) PMO
System Software
1 139 (18.56%) Docker
2 19 (2.54%) HDFS
3 7 (0.93%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.53%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.27%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.13%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 105 (14.02%) Kubernetes
2 74 (9.88%) Terraform
3 25 (3.34%) Ansible
4 20 (2.67%) Grafana
4 20 (2.67%) Kubeflow
5 14 (1.87%) Opscode Chef
5 14 (1.87%) Puppet
6 5 (0.67%) HP Fortify
6 5 (0.67%) Salt
7 4 (0.53%) Consul
8 3 (0.40%) Kibana
8 3 (0.40%) Prometheus
9 2 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
9 2 (0.27%) Oracle Identity Management
9 2 (0.27%) Oracle Identity Manager
9 2 (0.27%) Tivoli
9 2 (0.27%) Tivoli Identity Manager
10 1 (0.13%) logstash
10 1 (0.13%) Oozie
Vendors
1 65 (8.68%) Databricks
2 52 (6.94%) Google
2 52 (6.94%) Microsoft
3 28 (3.74%) Oracle
4 17 (2.27%) Splunk
5 14 (1.87%) Adobe
6 9 (1.20%) AppDynamics
6 9 (1.20%) IBM
6 9 (1.20%) Teradata
7 8 (1.07%) Red Hat
7 8 (1.07%) ServiceNow
8 7 (0.93%) Automation Anywhere
8 7 (0.93%) SAP
9 5 (0.67%) Facebook
9 5 (0.67%) Informatica
9 5 (0.67%) MicroStrategy
9 5 (0.67%) Salesforce.com
9 5 (0.67%) Talend
9 5 (0.67%) TOWER Software
10 4 (0.53%) Cloudera