Period
to 1 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Master's Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 1 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Master's Degree
England > London
6 months to
1 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 473 312 407
Rank change year-on-year -161 +95 +52
Contract jobs citing Master's Degree 115 73 142
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.30% 0.46% 0.41%
As % of the Qualifications category 2.00% 2.35% 2.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 70 36 90
10th Percentile £403 £353 £400
25th Percentile £463 £411 £486
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £575
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% -13.04% +4.55%
75th Percentile £700 £584 £695
90th Percentile £763 £650 £753
England median daily rate £550 £500 £550
% change year-on-year +10.00% -9.09% +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 2
10th Percentile £48.24 " £29.58
25th Percentile £48.41 £51.25 £31.94
Median hourly rate £50.88 £52.50 £39.25
Median % change year-on-year -3.10% +33.76% +82.56%
75th Percentile £53.72 £53.75 £46.94
90th Percentile £54.11 " £49.53
England median hourly rate £48.50 £53.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -8.49% +17.78% +32.35%

Master's Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 5,760 3,100 5,922
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 15.19% 19.34% 17.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,830 2,215 4,135
10th Percentile £350 £313 £304
25th Percentile £438 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £644 £588 £600
90th Percentile £730 £666 £694
England median daily rate £513 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +7.89% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 97 41 98
10th Percentile £17.92 £15.25 £12.80
25th Percentile £21.47 £23.38 £20.00
Median hourly rate £40.00 £36.00 £31.88
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +12.94% +48.26%
75th Percentile £51.75 £46.00 £48.75
90th Percentile £63.75 £58.00 £52.50
England median hourly rate £29.40 £40.00 £35.95
% change year-on-year -26.50% +11.27% +49.79%

Master's Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Master's Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Master's Degree in London

Master's Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Master's Degree in London.

Daily rate trend for Master's Degree in London

Master's Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Master's Degree in London over the 6 months to 1 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Master's Degree in London

Master's Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Master's Degree in London.

Hourly rate trend for Master's Degree in London

Master's Degree
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Master's Degree within the London region over the 6 months to 1 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London - 8 £600 - 25
East London - 3 £350 - 3
West London -22 2 - - 5
Master's Degree
England

For the 6 months to 1 December 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Master's Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Master's Degree.

1 115 (100.00%) Degree
2 65 (56.52%) Computer Science
2 65 (56.52%) Finance
3 64 (55.65%) Agile Software Development
4 52 (45.22%) Social Skills
5 40 (34.78%) Python
6 38 (33.04%) Analytical Skills
7 31 (26.96%) Computer Science Degree
8 30 (26.09%) Presentation Skills
8 30 (26.09%) Problem-Solving
9 29 (25.22%) Analytics
10 25 (21.74%) Project Management
10 25 (21.74%) Java
11 22 (19.13%) JavaScript
11 22 (19.13%) SQL
12 21 (18.26%) User Experience
12 21 (18.26%) Azure
13 20 (17.39%) Scrum
14 19 (16.52%) React
15 18 (15.65%) DevOps
15 18 (15.65%) Microsoft
16 17 (14.78%) Mathematics
16 17 (14.78%) Machine Learning
17 16 (13.91%) Product Management
17 16 (13.91%) Data Science
18 15 (13.04%) Algorithms
18 15 (13.04%) HTML
18 15 (13.04%) CSS
19 14 (12.17%) Banking
19 14 (12.17%) Prototyping

Master's Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (4.35%) Apache
1 5 (4.35%) SAS
2 3 (2.61%) Apache Spark
2 3 (2.61%) Jupyter
2 3 (2.61%) WebSphere
3 2 (1.74%) Tomcat
4 1 (0.87%) Apache Airflow
4 1 (0.87%) ArcGIS
4 1 (0.87%) SharePoint
Applications
1 3 (2.61%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (2.61%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.87%) Adobe Illustrator
2 1 (0.87%) Adobe XD
2 1 (0.87%) AutoCAD
2 1 (0.87%) Figma
2 1 (0.87%) InVision
2 1 (0.87%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.87%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.87%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.87%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.87%) Revit
Business Applications
1 5 (4.35%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 1 (0.87%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 1 (0.87%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 21 (18.26%) Azure
2 8 (6.96%) AWS
3 5 (4.35%) Collibra
4 4 (3.48%) GCP
5 3 (2.61%) Cloud Computing
5 3 (2.61%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
5 3 (2.61%) Salesforce Service Cloud
6 2 (1.74%) iPaaS
6 2 (1.74%) Power Platform
7 1 (0.87%) Amazon S3
7 1 (0.87%) Azure Active Directory
7 1 (0.87%) Google Sheets
7 1 (0.87%) Google Workspace
7 1 (0.87%) Heroku
7 1 (0.87%) IaaS
7 1 (0.87%) Microsoft 365
7 1 (0.87%) PaaS
7 1 (0.87%) SaaS
7 1 (0.87%) Serverless
7 1 (0.87%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 5 (4.35%) Firewall
2 3 (2.61%) HTTP
2 3 (2.61%) LAN
2 3 (2.61%) WAN
3 1 (0.87%) SSL
3 1 (0.87%) Wi-Fi
3 1 (0.87%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9 (7.83%) Big Data
1 9 (7.83%) Data Lake
2 7 (6.09%) Data Mining
2 7 (6.09%) Parquet
2 7 (6.09%) QlikView
2 7 (6.09%) Tableau
3 6 (5.22%) Data Warehouse
4 5 (4.35%) Apache Cassandra
4 5 (4.35%) Metadata
4 5 (4.35%) NoSQL
4 5 (4.35%) Spotfire
4 5 (4.35%) SQL Server
4 5 (4.35%) Text Mining
5 4 (3.48%) Hadoop
6 3 (2.61%) DB2
7 2 (1.74%) PostgreSQL
7 2 (1.74%) Power BI
7 2 (1.74%) Relational Database
8 1 (0.87%) Lumira
8 1 (0.87%) Qlik Sense
Development Applications
1 8 (6.96%) Git (software)
2 7 (6.09%) Jasmine
3 5 (4.35%) GitLab
4 4 (3.48%) Jenkins
4 4 (3.48%) JIRA
4 4 (3.48%) Karma Test Runner
4 4 (3.48%) Maven
5 3 (2.61%) Mocha
5 3 (2.61%) Subversion
6 2 (1.74%) Eclipse
6 2 (1.74%) Visual Studio Team System
7 1 (0.87%) Babel
7 1 (0.87%) GoogleTest
7 1 (0.87%) JUnit
7 1 (0.87%) Mockito
7 1 (0.87%) Visual Studio
7 1 (0.87%) webpack
General
1 65 (56.52%) Finance
2 52 (45.22%) Social Skills
3 38 (33.04%) Analytical Skills
4 30 (26.09%) Presentation Skills
5 14 (12.17%) Banking
6 13 (11.30%) Influencing Skills
7 11 (9.57%) Marketing
8 9 (7.83%) Manufacturing
9 8 (6.96%) Public Sector
10 7 (6.09%) Telecoms
11 5 (4.35%) Legal
12 4 (3.48%) Aerospace
13 3 (2.61%) Advertising
13 3 (2.61%) Automotive
13 3 (2.61%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (1.74%) Electronics
15 1 (0.87%) Documentation Skills
15 1 (0.87%) Financial Institution
15 1 (0.87%) Games
15 1 (0.87%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 26 (22.61%) Developer
2 13 (11.30%) Architect
2 13 (11.30%) Java Developer
3 11 (9.57%) Data Engineer
3 11 (9.57%) User Experience Researcher
4 8 (6.96%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 7 (6.09%) Project Manager
6 5 (4.35%) Designer
6 5 (4.35%) Solutions Architect
7 4 (3.48%) Contracts Manager
7 4 (3.48%) Data Scientist
7 4 (3.48%) Python Engineer
7 4 (3.48%) Systems Engineer
8 3 (2.61%) Analyst
8 3 (2.61%) Data Architect
8 3 (2.61%) React Developer
8 3 (2.61%) Senior Developer
8 3 (2.61%) Windows Infrastructure Architect
8 3 (2.61%) Windows Infrastructure Specialist
8 3 (2.61%) Windows Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19 (16.52%) React
2 15 (13.04%) CSS
2 15 (13.04%) HTML
3 13 (11.30%) Spring
4 12 (10.43%) Node.js
5 11 (9.57%) AngularJS
5 11 (9.57%) JSON
6 10 (8.70%) REST
7 9 (7.83%) CSS3
7 9 (7.83%) D3.js
7 9 (7.83%) HTML5
7 9 (7.83%) RESTful
8 7 (6.09%) Keras
8 7 (6.09%) Middleware
8 7 (6.09%) SOAP
8 7 (6.09%) TensorFlow
9 5 (4.35%) ggplot
9 5 (4.35%) Kafka
9 5 (4.35%) Swagger
9 5 (4.35%) Theano
Miscellaneous
1 21 (18.26%) User Experience
2 15 (13.04%) Algorithms
3 9 (7.83%) Self-Motivation
4 6 (5.22%) Credit Risk
4 6 (5.22%) Data Protection Act
4 6 (5.22%) Enterprise Software
5 4 (3.48%) Data Centre
5 4 (3.48%) Digital Media
5 4 (3.48%) Management Information System
6 3 (2.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 2 (1.74%) Cloud Native
7 2 (1.74%) Fixed Income
7 2 (1.74%) Legacy Systems
7 2 (1.74%) Market Risk
7 2 (1.74%) Social Media
7 2 (1.74%) Virtual Team
8 1 (0.87%) Data Structures
8 1 (0.87%) FMCG
8 1 (0.87%) Private Cloud
8 1 (0.87%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 13 (11.30%) Linux
2 8 (6.96%) Windows
3 4 (3.48%) Unix
4 3 (2.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 65 (56.52%) Computer Science
2 64 (55.65%) Agile Software Development
3 30 (26.09%) Problem-Solving
4 29 (25.22%) Analytics
5 25 (21.74%) Project Management
6 20 (17.39%) Scrum
7 18 (15.65%) DevOps
8 17 (14.78%) Machine Learning
8 17 (14.78%) Mathematics
9 16 (13.91%) Data Science
9 16 (13.91%) Product Management
10 14 (12.17%) Prototyping
11 13 (11.30%) Decision-Making
11 13 (11.30%) Psychology
11 13 (11.30%) Stakeholder Management
12 12 (10.43%) Data Transformation
12 12 (10.43%) Full Stack Development
12 12 (10.43%) Software Engineering
12 12 (10.43%) TDD
12 12 (10.43%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 40 (34.78%) Python
2 25 (21.74%) Java
3 22 (19.13%) JavaScript
3 22 (19.13%) SQL
4 13 (11.30%) R
5 6 (5.22%) TypeScript
6 5 (4.35%) Julia
6 5 (4.35%) MATLAB
7 4 (3.48%) C++
7 4 (3.48%) Go
8 3 (2.61%) C#
9 2 (1.74%) C
9 2 (1.74%) Perl
10 1 (0.87%) Java 11
10 1 (0.87%) Java 8
10 1 (0.87%) PowerShell
10 1 (0.87%) Scala
10 1 (0.87%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 115 (100.00%) Degree
2 31 (26.96%) Computer Science Degree
3 8 (6.96%) MBA
4 5 (4.35%) PhD
5 4 (3.48%) PMI Certification
5 4 (3.48%) PMP
6 3 (2.61%) ITIL Certification
6 3 (2.61%) RHCA
6 3 (2.61%) TOGAF Certification
7 1 (0.87%) BICSI Certification
7 1 (0.87%) BICSI RCDD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (8.70%) Data Quality
2 5 (4.35%) QA
3 1 (0.87%) Accessibility
3 1 (0.87%) GDPR
3 1 (0.87%) GxP
3 1 (0.87%) IFRS
3 1 (0.87%) IFRS 9
3 1 (0.87%) PMO
3 1 (0.87%) SNOMED CT
3 1 (0.87%) WCAG
System Software
1 10 (8.70%) Docker
2 4 (3.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 3 (2.61%) VMware ESXi
3 3 (2.61%) VMware Infrastructure
3 3 (2.61%) vSphere
4 1 (0.87%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 10 (8.70%) Kubernetes
2 2 (1.74%) Ansible
2 2 (1.74%) Terraform
3 1 (0.87%) Docker Swarm
3 1 (0.87%) Icinga
3 1 (0.87%) Puppet
3 1 (0.87%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 18 (15.65%) Microsoft
2 8 (6.96%) Databricks
2 8 (6.96%) MuleSoft
2 8 (6.96%) Salesforce.com
3 7 (6.09%) SAP
4 5 (4.35%) Cisco
4 5 (4.35%) Workday
5 4 (3.48%) Google
5 4 (3.48%) Juniper
5 4 (3.48%) Twitter
5 4 (3.48%) VMware
6 3 (2.61%) Alteryx
6 3 (2.61%) Citrix
6 3 (2.61%) IBM
6 3 (2.61%) Marketo
6 3 (2.61%) Red Hat
7 2 (1.74%) ServiceNow
8 1 (0.87%) BT
8 1 (0.87%) CA Agile Central
8 1 (0.87%) Refinitiv