Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 23 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
England > London
6 months to
23 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 35 23 41
Rank change year-on-year -12 +18 +25
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 2,431 1,805 1,152
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 6.35% 7.44% 5.80%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.94% 8.17% 6.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,924 1,397 876
10th Percentile £463 £425 £428
25th Percentile £538 £488 £495
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £613 £550 £575
Median % change year-on-year +11.36% -4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £719 £669 £675
90th Percentile £800 £713 £750
England median daily rate £600 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +14.29% -4.55% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 18 30
10th Percentile £31.25 £29.43 £37.80
25th Percentile £37.33 £36.31 £44.51
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.50 £50.25
Median % change year-on-year +9.89% -9.45% +8.75%
75th Percentile £57.25 £57.50 £63.56
90th Percentile £74.50 £61.53 £65.28
England median hourly rate £57.00 £46.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +23.91% -3.16% +5.56%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 35,029 22,087 17,793
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.52% 90.98% 89.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,608 15,826 12,801
10th Percentile £400 £350 £325
25th Percentile £475 £425 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - +0.96%
75th Percentile £688 £625 £615
90th Percentile £775 £713 £700
England median daily rate £545 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +9.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 406 231 225
10th Percentile £17.00 £15.00 £13.60
25th Percentile £23.91 £21.13 £18.50
Median hourly rate £35.50 £32.50 £26.50
Median % change year-on-year +9.23% +22.64% +20.45%
75th Percentile £50.00 £51.56 £47.12
90th Percentile £67.50 £66.50 £59.00
England median hourly rate £26.98 £24.47 £21.57
% change year-on-year +10.26% +13.44% -4.13%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 23 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 23 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the London region over the 6 months to 23 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +5 292 £625 +13.64% 246
South London +1 42 £600 +19.40% 24
West London +6 31 £550 +0.92% 74
East London -13 7 £580 +24.06% 73
Software Engineering
England

For the 6 months to 23 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,294 (53.23%) Agile
2 1,056 (43.44%) AWS
3 899 (36.98%) Java
4 877 (36.08%) Finance
5 819 (33.69%) Python
6 746 (30.69%) React
7 717 (29.49%) JavaScript
8 710 (29.21%) Azure
9 700 (28.79%) DevOps
10 621 (25.55%) CI/CD
11 620 (25.50%) Microservices
12 527 (21.68%) Front Office
13 513 (21.10%) SQL
14 506 (20.81%) Full Stack Development
15 462 (19.00%) Docker
16 453 (18.63%) Asset Management
17 436 (17.94%) TypeScript
18 430 (17.69%) C#
19 425 (17.48%) Kubernetes
20 423 (17.40%) GCP
20 423 (17.40%) Investment Management
21 413 (16.99%) Social Skills
22 388 (15.96%) .NET
23 382 (15.71%) Analytics
24 375 (15.43%) TDD
25 343 (14.11%) Equities
26 341 (14.03%) Kafka
27 288 (11.85%) Scrum
28 285 (11.72%) Hedge funds
29 283 (11.64%) Serverless

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (4.44%) Apache
2 80 (3.29%) Apache Spark
3 60 (2.47%) Confluence
3 60 (2.47%) Elasticsearch
4 37 (1.52%) Apache Airflow
5 34 (1.40%) BizTalk Server
6 25 (1.03%) Oracle Coherence
7 20 (0.82%) nginx
8 19 (0.78%) WebSphere
9 14 (0.58%) Tomcat
10 13 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
10 13 (0.53%) SAS
11 10 (0.41%) Sitefinity
12 8 (0.33%) Ethereum
13 7 (0.29%) DataSynapse
14 6 (0.25%) CMS
15 5 (0.21%) Apache Solr
16 4 (0.16%) IIS
16 4 (0.16%) OpenStack
17 3 (0.12%) SharePoint
Applications
1 8 (0.33%) Adobe XD
1 8 (0.33%) Sketch
2 6 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
4 3 (0.12%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.12%) SPSS
5 2 (0.082%) Maya
5 2 (0.082%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.082%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.082%) UserZoom
6 1 (0.041%) 3ds Max
6 1 (0.041%) Blender
Business Applications
1 8 (0.33%) SAP Hybris
2 6 (0.25%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
3 4 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
4 3 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 3 (0.12%) Summit
5 2 (0.082%) Eikon
5 2 (0.082%) Oracle Financials
5 2 (0.082%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.082%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.082%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.082%) SAP EWM
5 2 (0.082%) Shopify
6 1 (0.041%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.041%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.041%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.041%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.041%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.041%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.041%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 1,056 (43.44%) AWS
2 710 (29.21%) Azure
3 423 (17.40%) GCP
4 283 (11.64%) Serverless
5 197 (8.10%) AWS Lambda
6 122 (5.02%) GitHub
7 81 (3.33%) Amazon S3
8 77 (3.17%) AWS CloudFormation
9 73 (3.00%) Amazon EC2
10 58 (2.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 54 (2.22%) OpenShift
11 54 (2.22%) SaaS
12 49 (2.02%) Amazon SQS
13 47 (1.93%) Amazon Kinesis
14 45 (1.85%) Power Platform
15 44 (1.81%) PaaS
16 43 (1.77%) Amazon ECS
17 42 (1.73%) Azure Functions
18 33 (1.36%) IaaS
19 30 (1.23%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 40 (1.65%) HTTP
2 25 (1.03%) MQTT
3 20 (0.82%) Kerberos
4 19 (0.78%) Internet
5 15 (0.62%) Network Security
6 10 (0.41%) IPv4
7 9 (0.37%) HTTPS
8 8 (0.33%) DNS
9 7 (0.29%) SSL
10 6 (0.25%) Firewall
11 2 (0.082%) AMQP
11 2 (0.082%) DHCP
11 2 (0.082%) FTP
11 2 (0.082%) Link 16
11 2 (0.082%) SD-WAN
11 2 (0.082%) Tactical Data Link
11 2 (0.082%) TCP/IP
11 2 (0.082%) VPN
11 2 (0.082%) WAN
12 1 (0.041%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 170 (6.99%) PostgreSQL
2 142 (5.84%) SQL Server
3 132 (5.43%) MongoDB
4 130 (5.35%) NoSQL
5 98 (4.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 87 (3.58%) Relational Database
7 71 (2.92%) Big Data
8 61 (2.51%) Data Warehouse
9 51 (2.10%) MySQL
10 41 (1.69%) Redis
11 38 (1.56%) Amazon Redshift
12 33 (1.36%) Hadoop
13 31 (1.28%) Apache Ignite
13 31 (1.28%) Oracle Database
14 30 (1.23%) Amazon RDS
14 30 (1.23%) Power BI
15 27 (1.11%) RDBMS
16 24 (0.99%) Apache Cassandra
16 24 (0.99%) Data Lake
17 20 (0.82%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 272 (11.19%) Git (software)
2 267 (10.98%) Jenkins
3 139 (5.72%) JIRA
4 119 (4.90%) Maven
5 77 (3.17%) Gradle
6 72 (2.96%) GitLab
7 51 (2.10%) Bitbucket
8 50 (2.06%) Visual Studio
9 49 (2.02%) Artifactory
10 47 (1.93%) Cypress.io
10 47 (1.93%) JUnit
11 44 (1.81%) webpack
12 42 (1.73%) TeamCity
13 36 (1.48%) SonarQube
14 30 (1.23%) CircleCI
15 26 (1.07%) Cucumber
15 26 (1.07%) IntelliJ
16 23 (0.95%) Subversion
17 21 (0.86%) Grunt
17 21 (0.86%) Selenium
General
1 877 (36.08%) Finance
2 527 (21.68%) Front Office
3 413 (16.99%) Social Skills
4 226 (9.30%) Banking
5 160 (6.58%) Analytical Skills
6 97 (3.99%) Public Sector
7 89 (3.66%) Investment Banking
8 69 (2.84%) Retail
9 51 (2.10%) Marketing
10 35 (1.44%) Financial Institution
11 29 (1.19%) Presentation Skills
12 28 (1.15%) Back Office
12 28 (1.15%) Telecoms
13 26 (1.07%) Electronics
13 26 (1.07%) Legal
14 24 (0.99%) Manufacturing
15 19 (0.78%) Influencing Skills
15 19 (0.78%) Publishing
16 13 (0.53%) Games
17 12 (0.49%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,134 (46.65%) Developer
2 810 (33.32%) Software Engineer
3 365 (15.01%) AWS Engineer
4 349 (14.36%) Java Developer
5 334 (13.74%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 270 (11.11%) Java Engineer
7 237 (9.75%) AWS Developer
8 232 (9.54%) AWS Software Engineer
9 220 (9.05%) Python Developer
9 220 (9.05%) Python Engineer
10 194 (7.98%) Java Software Engineer
11 186 (7.65%) Senior Software Engineer
12 173 (7.12%) Senior Developer
13 150 (6.17%) .NET Developer
14 139 (5.72%) Python Software Engineer
15 132 (5.43%) Java Software Developer
16 129 (5.31%) React Developer
17 125 (5.14%) Full Stack Developer
18 114 (4.69%) Senior Java Engineer
19 103 (4.24%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 746 (30.69%) React
2 388 (15.96%) .NET
3 341 (14.03%) Kafka
4 277 (11.39%) Node.js
5 228 (9.38%) AngularJS
6 225 (9.26%) REST
7 223 (9.17%) Spring
8 194 (7.98%) HTML
9 193 (7.94%) Spring Boot
10 172 (7.08%) CSS
11 169 (6.95%) .NET Core
12 127 (5.22%) ASP.NET
13 111 (4.57%) GraphQL
14 106 (4.36%) Pandas
15 103 (4.24%) gRPC
16 102 (4.20%) Vue.js
17 97 (3.99%) NumPy
18 96 (3.95%) RESTful
19 93 (3.83%) HTML5
20 89 (3.66%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 343 (14.11%) Equities
2 285 (11.72%) Hedge funds
3 273 (11.23%) Derivative
4 220 (9.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 206 (8.47%) Fixed Income
6 168 (6.91%) Greenfield Project
7 137 (5.64%) User Experience
8 125 (5.14%) Cloud Native
9 75 (3.09%) Algorithms
10 66 (2.71%) Mobile App
11 50 (2.06%) Enterprise Software
12 45 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
13 43 (1.77%) Data Structures
14 30 (1.23%) IoT
15 29 (1.19%) Legacy Systems
16 24 (0.99%) Management Information System
16 24 (0.99%) Public Cloud
17 23 (0.95%) iPad
18 22 (0.90%) Credit Derivative
18 22 (0.90%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 176 (7.24%) Linux
2 78 (3.21%) Windows
3 60 (2.47%) Android
4 55 (2.26%) Unix
5 32 (1.32%) Apple iOS
6 11 (0.45%) Windows Server
7 6 (0.25%) Mac OS X
8 5 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 4 (0.16%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.12%) Debian
10 3 (0.12%) MVS
10 3 (0.12%) VMS
10 3 (0.12%) VxWorks
10 3 (0.12%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
11 2 (0.082%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.041%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.041%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.041%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,294 (53.23%) Agile
2 700 (28.79%) DevOps
3 621 (25.55%) CI/CD
4 620 (25.50%) Microservices
5 506 (20.81%) Full Stack Development
6 453 (18.63%) Asset Management
7 423 (17.40%) Investment Management
8 382 (15.71%) Analytics
9 375 (15.43%) TDD
10 288 (11.85%) Scrum
11 268 (11.02%) Test Automation
12 200 (8.23%) Mentoring
13 193 (7.94%) Problem-Solving
14 177 (7.28%) Front End Development
15 176 (7.24%) SDLC
16 161 (6.62%) Fintech
17 155 (6.38%) Computer Science
18 153 (6.29%) BDD
19 151 (6.21%) Continuous Integration
20 142 (5.84%) OO
Programming Languages
1 899 (36.98%) Java
2 819 (33.69%) Python
3 717 (29.49%) JavaScript
4 513 (21.10%) SQL
5 436 (17.94%) TypeScript
6 430 (17.69%) C#
7 153 (6.29%) Go
8 150 (6.17%) C++
9 93 (3.83%) Scala
10 58 (2.39%) Ruby
11 53 (2.18%) Kotlin
12 49 (2.02%) T-SQL
13 48 (1.97%) PHP
14 42 (1.73%) C
15 39 (1.60%) PowerShell
16 34 (1.40%) Shell Script
17 33 (1.36%) Bash
18 29 (1.19%) PL/SQL
19 28 (1.15%) ES6
19 28 (1.15%) R
Qualifications
1 166 (6.83%) Degree
2 134 (5.51%) Security Cleared
3 115 (4.73%) SC Cleared
4 60 (2.47%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (0.86%) DV Cleared
6 20 (0.82%) Master's Degree
6 20 (0.82%) Numerate Degree
6 20 (0.82%) PhD
7 15 (0.62%) AWS Certification
8 9 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
9 6 (0.25%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
10 4 (0.16%) CFA
10 4 (0.16%) ISEB
10 4 (0.16%) PMP
11 3 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
11 3 (0.12%) CISSP
11 3 (0.12%) MBA
11 3 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.082%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 140 (5.76%) QA
2 27 (1.11%) Accessibility
3 14 (0.58%) Data Quality
4 10 (0.41%) GDPR
4 10 (0.41%) NIST
5 8 (0.33%) NIST 800
5 8 (0.33%) SLA
6 7 (0.29%) COBIT
6 7 (0.29%) GRC
7 6 (0.25%) COSO
7 6 (0.25%) EMIR
7 6 (0.25%) MiFID
8 4 (0.16%) ISO 20022
9 3 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 2 (0.082%) Dodd-Frank
10 2 (0.082%) NCSC
10 2 (0.082%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.041%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 1 (0.041%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 1 (0.041%) ITGC
System Software
1 462 (19.00%) Docker
2 19 (0.78%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.66%) HDFS
4 14 (0.58%) NFS
5 5 (0.21%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.16%) GridGain
6 4 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.16%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.082%) OpenDJ
7 2 (0.082%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.041%) Microcode
8 1 (0.041%) OpenAM
8 1 (0.041%) zsh
Systems Management
1 425 (17.48%) Kubernetes
2 237 (9.75%) Terraform
3 83 (3.41%) Ansible
4 76 (3.13%) Grafana
5 68 (2.80%) Prometheus
6 27 (1.11%) Consul
7 24 (0.99%) Kibana
8 22 (0.90%) Puppet
9 19 (0.78%) ITRS Geneos
10 17 (0.70%) logstash
11 15 (0.62%) Opscode Chef
12 11 (0.45%) Kubeflow
12 11 (0.45%) Packer
13 7 (0.29%) Istio
14 4 (0.16%) Dollar Universe
14 4 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
15 3 (0.12%) Salt
15 3 (0.12%) SCCM
16 2 (0.082%) Control-M
16 2 (0.082%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 138 (5.68%) Oracle
2 131 (5.39%) Microsoft
3 75 (3.09%) Google
4 47 (1.93%) SAP
5 39 (1.60%) Salesforce.com
6 35 (1.44%) MuleSoft
7 33 (1.36%) IBM
8 29 (1.19%) Splunk
9 23 (0.95%) DevExpress
9 23 (0.95%) Red Hat
10 21 (0.86%) Databricks
11 19 (0.78%) Informatica
12 16 (0.66%) TOWER Software
13 15 (0.62%) Atlassian
13 15 (0.62%) Confluent
13 15 (0.62%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
14 14 (0.58%) Alteryx
14 14 (0.58%) Citrix
14 14 (0.58%) Dynatrace
15 13 (0.53%) Charles River