Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
England > London
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 24 34 58
Rank change year-on-year +10 +24 +15
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 2,052 1,083 1,767
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 6.93% 6.67% 4.36%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.66% 7.46% 4.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,567 858 1,199
10th Percentile £438 £436 £409
25th Percentile £488 £500 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £575 £550
Median % change year-on-year -4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £688 £700 £638
90th Percentile £738 £775 £713
England median daily rate £525 £550 £500
% change year-on-year -4.55% +10.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 25 25
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.69 £34.90
25th Percentile £42.50 £38.25 £37.27
Median hourly rate £55.00 £50.50 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +8.91% +1.00% +11.11%
75th Percentile £60.00 £63.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £66.75 £64.65 £55.30
England median hourly rate £49.50 £47.24 £46.25
% change year-on-year +4.78% +2.14% +7.56%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 26,805 14,521 36,048
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 90.56% 89.45% 89.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,133 10,416 26,205
10th Percentile £363 £330 £338
25th Percentile £450 £425 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £525 £520
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% +0.96% +4.00%
75th Percentile £638 £625 £600
90th Percentile £725 £713 £688
England median daily rate £500 £488 £475
% change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 274 177 385
10th Percentile £15.73 £14.00 £12.04
25th Percentile £20.81 £20.00 £15.25
Median hourly rate £34.44 £35.00 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year -1.60% +59.09% -
75th Percentile £51.55 £47.75 £39.75
90th Percentile £66.50 £60.40 £52.50
England median hourly rate £22.89 £23.08 £22.93
% change year-on-year -0.80% +0.63% +11.74%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the London region over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +9 224 £525 -4.55% 360
South London +4 20 £550 +4.76% 29
West London -3 19 £550 +4.76% 130
East London -2 13 £484 -12.05% 93
Software Engineering
England

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,201 (58.53%) Agile Software Development
2 861 (41.96%) AWS
3 742 (36.16%) JavaScript
4 717 (34.94%) Finance
5 678 (33.04%) Java
5 678 (33.04%) React
6 607 (29.58%) Python
7 558 (27.19%) Docker
8 553 (26.95%) Kubernetes
9 538 (26.22%) Azure
10 459 (22.37%) Node.js
11 447 (21.78%) Serverless
12 435 (21.20%) Web Services
13 425 (20.71%) DevOps
14 421 (20.52%) TDD
15 405 (19.74%) Front Office
16 394 (19.20%) Microservices
17 383 (18.66%) TypeScript
18 378 (18.42%) SQL
19 369 (17.98%) Asset Management
20 363 (17.69%) C#
21 344 (16.76%) .NET
22 340 (16.57%) Terraform
23 327 (15.94%) Social Skills
24 308 (15.01%) AWS Lambda
25 305 (14.86%) AngularJS
26 295 (14.38%) GCP
27 291 (14.18%) Investment Management
28 290 (14.13%) Git (software)
29 272 (13.26%) Scrum

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 86 (4.19%) Apache
2 60 (2.92%) Apache Spark
3 37 (1.80%) Elasticsearch
4 34 (1.66%) BizTalk Server
5 32 (1.56%) SharePoint
6 29 (1.41%) Confluence
7 28 (1.36%) Apache Airflow
8 26 (1.27%) Tomcat
9 22 (1.07%) Oracle Coherence
10 20 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
11 19 (0.93%) WebSphere
12 15 (0.73%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 15 (0.73%) Jetty
13 13 (0.63%) nginx
14 9 (0.44%) DataSynapse
14 9 (0.44%) OpenStack
15 7 (0.34%) WordPress
16 5 (0.24%) CMS
16 5 (0.24%) Tornado
17 4 (0.19%) Drupal
Applications
1 6 (0.29%) Photoshop
2 5 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
3 2 (0.097%) Figma
4 1 (0.049%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 3 (0.15%) Summit
3 2 (0.097%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.097%) Eagle PACE
3 2 (0.097%) Markit EDM
3 2 (0.097%) R3 Corda
3 2 (0.097%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 1 (0.049%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.049%) Front Arena
4 1 (0.049%) SAP Business One
4 1 (0.049%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.049%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.049%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 861 (41.96%) AWS
2 538 (26.22%) Azure
3 447 (21.78%) Serverless
4 308 (15.01%) AWS Lambda
5 295 (14.38%) GCP
6 239 (11.65%) Amazon S3
7 193 (9.41%) Amazon SQS
8 174 (8.48%) AWS Step Functions
9 71 (3.46%) Azure Functions
10 57 (2.78%) Power Platform
11 56 (2.73%) IaaS
12 55 (2.68%) Amazon EC2
12 55 (2.68%) AWS CloudFormation
13 52 (2.53%) GitHub
14 48 (2.34%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 47 (2.29%) npm
16 41 (2.00%) Azure Logic Apps
16 41 (2.00%) Azure Storage
17 39 (1.90%) PaaS
18 37 (1.80%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 50 (2.44%) HTTP
2 13 (0.63%) AMQP
3 11 (0.54%) Wi-Fi
4 10 (0.49%) HTTPS
5 9 (0.44%) Internet
5 9 (0.44%) TCP/IP
5 9 (0.44%) Wireless
6 7 (0.34%) IPv4
7 6 (0.29%) Broadband
7 6 (0.29%) DHCP
7 6 (0.29%) DNS
7 6 (0.29%) IPv6
8 5 (0.24%) BGP
8 5 (0.24%) Bluetooth
8 5 (0.24%) ZigBee
9 4 (0.19%) Ethernet
9 4 (0.19%) Kerberos
9 4 (0.19%) MQTT
9 4 (0.19%) SSL
10 3 (0.15%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 248 (12.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 180 (8.77%) Amazon RDS
3 130 (6.34%) NoSQL
4 127 (6.19%) MongoDB
5 112 (5.46%) SQL Server
6 101 (4.92%) Big Data
7 88 (4.29%) PostgreSQL
8 68 (3.31%) Relational Database
9 54 (2.63%) Power BI
10 52 (2.53%) Azure SQL Database
11 40 (1.95%) Redis
12 36 (1.75%) MySQL
13 35 (1.71%) Data Warehouse
14 34 (1.66%) Hadoop
15 26 (1.27%) Apache Cassandra
16 23 (1.12%) Data Lake
17 22 (1.07%) Apache Ignite
18 21 (1.02%) Apache Hive
19 17 (0.83%) Oracle Database
20 15 (0.73%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 290 (14.13%) Git (software)
2 267 (13.01%) Jenkins
3 102 (4.97%) JIRA
4 92 (4.48%) Maven
5 59 (2.88%) JUnit
6 54 (2.63%) GitLab
6 54 (2.63%) Gradle
7 52 (2.53%) webpack
8 47 (2.29%) Cucumber
9 43 (2.10%) TeamCity
10 40 (1.95%) Mockito
11 38 (1.85%) Bitbucket
11 38 (1.85%) Cypress.io
12 35 (1.71%) Subversion
13 32 (1.56%) Mocha
13 32 (1.56%) Octopus Deploy
14 23 (1.12%) Selenium
14 23 (1.12%) Visual Studio
15 22 (1.07%) IntelliJ
16 20 (0.97%) JMeter
General
1 717 (34.94%) Finance
2 405 (19.74%) Front Office
3 327 (15.94%) Social Skills
4 223 (10.87%) Banking
5 104 (5.07%) Investment Banking
6 99 (4.82%) Analytical Skills
7 87 (4.24%) Public Sector
8 66 (3.22%) Marketing
9 49 (2.39%) Retail
10 46 (2.24%) Manufacturing
10 46 (2.24%) Telecoms
11 39 (1.90%) Influencing Skills
12 25 (1.22%) Electronics
13 20 (0.97%) Games
13 20 (0.97%) Law
13 20 (0.97%) Presentation Skills
14 17 (0.83%) Back Office
15 15 (0.73%) Financial Institution
16 13 (0.63%) Retail Banking
17 11 (0.54%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 1,072 (52.24%) Developer
2 573 (27.92%) Software Engineer
3 317 (15.45%) React Developer
4 171 (8.33%) AWS Developer
5 168 (8.19%) Java Developer
6 155 (7.55%) JavaScript Developer
7 154 (7.50%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 147 (7.16%) Full Stack Developer
9 139 (6.77%) Python Developer
10 128 (6.24%) Java Engineer
11 119 (5.80%) C# Developer
12 113 (5.51%) Senior Developer
13 108 (5.26%) Python Engineer
14 99 (4.82%) AWS Engineer
15 95 (4.63%) Senior Software Engineer
16 84 (4.09%) Java Software Engineer
16 84 (4.09%) Node.js Developer
17 76 (3.70%) Analyst
18 71 (3.46%) AWS Software Engineer
19 70 (3.41%) Front Office Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 678 (33.04%) React
2 459 (22.37%) Node.js
3 435 (21.20%) Web Services
4 344 (16.76%) .NET
5 305 (14.86%) AngularJS
6 231 (11.26%) Material-UI
7 226 (11.01%) Spring
8 205 (9.99%) Kafka
9 187 (9.11%) REST
10 172 (8.38%) HTML
11 151 (7.36%) Spring Boot
12 148 (7.21%) .NET Core
13 126 (6.14%) CSS
14 123 (5.99%) RESTful
14 123 (5.99%) Vue.js
15 117 (5.70%) GraphQL
16 88 (4.29%) HTML5
17 65 (3.17%) React Native
17 65 (3.17%) Redux
18 63 (3.07%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 173 (8.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 153 (7.46%) User Experience
3 116 (5.65%) Fixed Income
4 114 (5.56%) Equities
5 111 (5.41%) Derivative
6 103 (5.02%) Cloud Native
7 96 (4.68%) Algorithms
8 87 (4.24%) Hedge funds
9 86 (4.19%) Greenfield Project
10 74 (3.61%) Data Structures
11 52 (2.53%) Enterprise Software
12 48 (2.34%) Mobile App
13 47 (2.29%) Legacy Systems
14 30 (1.46%) Management Information System
14 30 (1.46%) Self-Motivation
15 29 (1.41%) Credit Risk
16 23 (1.12%) Market Risk
17 21 (1.02%) Virtual Team
17 21 (1.02%) Wiki
18 20 (0.97%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 157 (7.65%) Linux
2 81 (3.95%) Windows
3 78 (3.80%) Unix
4 58 (2.83%) Android
5 50 (2.44%) Apple iOS
6 13 (0.63%) Mac OS X
7 10 (0.49%) Windows Server
7 10 (0.49%) Windows Server 2016
8 8 (0.39%) Mac OS
9 6 (0.29%) Embedded Linux
10 4 (0.19%) OpenWrt
10 4 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 3 (0.15%) Ubuntu
12 2 (0.097%) Windows Server 2019
13 1 (0.049%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,201 (58.53%) Agile Software Development
2 425 (20.71%) DevOps
3 421 (20.52%) TDD
4 394 (19.20%) Microservices
5 369 (17.98%) Asset Management
6 291 (14.18%) Investment Management
7 272 (13.26%) Scrum
8 213 (10.38%) Test Automation
9 204 (9.94%) Continuous Integration
10 187 (9.11%) SDLC
11 160 (7.80%) Analytics
12 157 (7.65%) Problem-Solving
13 156 (7.60%) Continuous Improvement
14 142 (6.92%) Computer Science
15 140 (6.82%) Mentoring
16 123 (5.99%) BDD
17 122 (5.95%) Clean Code
18 120 (5.85%) OO
19 117 (5.70%) Unit Testing
20 107 (5.21%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 742 (36.16%) JavaScript
2 678 (33.04%) Java
3 607 (29.58%) Python
4 383 (18.66%) TypeScript
5 378 (18.42%) SQL
6 363 (17.69%) C#
7 222 (10.82%) C++
8 204 (9.94%) Kotlin
9 129 (6.29%) Scala
10 113 (5.51%) Go
11 72 (3.51%) Java 8
12 67 (3.27%) PL/SQL
13 53 (2.58%) PHP
13 53 (2.58%) T-SQL
14 45 (2.19%) C
14 45 (2.19%) PowerShell
15 40 (1.95%) Ruby
16 35 (1.71%) ES6
17 32 (1.56%) Bash Shell
18 27 (1.32%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 199 (9.70%) Degree
2 105 (5.12%) Security Cleared
3 81 (3.95%) SC Cleared
4 39 (1.90%) Computer Science Degree
5 29 (1.41%) DV Cleared
6 19 (0.93%) Numerate Degree
7 16 (0.78%) PhD
8 15 (0.73%) AWS Certification
9 8 (0.39%) Master's Degree
10 5 (0.24%) Sun Certification
11 4 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
11 4 (0.19%) ISTQB
11 4 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 4 (0.19%) VCAP
11 4 (0.19%) VCDX
11 4 (0.19%) VCP6
11 4 (0.19%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 3 (0.15%) CCNA
13 2 (0.097%) CISSP
13 2 (0.097%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 154 (7.50%) QA
2 47 (2.29%) Accessibility
3 7 (0.34%) MiFID
4 6 (0.29%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.29%) GDPR
5 5 (0.24%) SLA
6 3 (0.15%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.097%) JTAG
8 1 (0.049%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.049%) EMIR
8 1 (0.049%) GRC
8 1 (0.049%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.049%) IFRS
8 1 (0.049%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.049%) NIST
8 1 (0.049%) PMO
8 1 (0.049%) WCAG
System Software
1 558 (27.19%) Docker
2 31 (1.51%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.39%) GridGain
4 4 (0.19%) HDFS
4 4 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
4 4 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.19%) vSphere
5 3 (0.15%) iptables
5 3 (0.15%) KVM
5 3 (0.15%) Varnish
5 3 (0.15%) Xen
6 2 (0.097%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.049%) Firmware
7 1 (0.049%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 553 (26.95%) Kubernetes
2 340 (16.57%) Terraform
3 80 (3.90%) Ansible
4 52 (2.53%) Prometheus
5 31 (1.51%) Grafana
6 29 (1.41%) Puppet
7 17 (0.83%) Opscode Chef
8 15 (0.73%) MIIS
9 13 (0.63%) Oozie
10 11 (0.54%) Graphite
10 11 (0.54%) Single Sign-On
11 10 (0.49%) ITRS Geneos
11 10 (0.49%) Kibana
12 6 (0.29%) Zipkin
13 5 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
14 4 (0.19%) Docker Swarm
15 3 (0.15%) Istio
15 3 (0.15%) logstash
16 2 (0.097%) Graylog
16 2 (0.097%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 149 (7.26%) Oracle
2 84 (4.09%) Microsoft
3 45 (2.19%) Google
4 35 (1.71%) MuleSoft
5 31 (1.51%) SAP
6 30 (1.46%) Splunk
7 24 (1.17%) Databricks
8 21 (1.02%) IBM
8 21 (1.02%) New Relic
9 17 (0.83%) Adobe
10 15 (0.73%) CA
10 15 (0.73%) CA Agile Central
11 14 (0.68%) Salesforce.com
12 12 (0.58%) Cloudera
13 11 (0.54%) Xamarin
14 9 (0.44%) Apple
15 7 (0.34%) Atlassian
15 7 (0.34%) Perfecto Mobile
15 7 (0.34%) Solace
16 5 (0.24%) Dell