Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
England > London
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 51 70 78
Rank change year-on-year +19 +8 +10
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 1,625 1,783 1,560
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 4.54% 3.85% 3.33%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.17% 4.37% 3.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,059 1,265 1,175
London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £400 £413 £390
90th Percentile £725 £700 £675
England median daily rate £506 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +1.25% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 39 30
London median hourly rate £48.00 £44.00 £46.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.09% -4.86% +5.11%
10th Percentile £41.00 £27.50 £35.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.75 £48.75
England median hourly rate £47.50 £44.00 £44.00
% change year-on-year +7.95% - +3.53%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 31,420 40,816 41,484
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 87.83% 88.17% 88.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,529 29,434 30,113
London median daily rate £513 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £675 £663
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 409 475 398
London median hourly rate £24.08 £23.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.70% +2.22% +3.73%
10th Percentile £12.44 £13.20 £13.31
90th Percentile £53.75 £54.41 £50.60
England median hourly rate £24.00 £22.00 £23.32
% change year-on-year +9.09% -5.66% +2.12%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the London region over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -6 293 £563 +2.27% 320
West London +3 74 £500 - 159
South London +22 39 £538 +7.50% 32
East London +1 17 £468 -6.50% 60
North London +6 2 £500 -4.76% 19
Software Engineering
England

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 809 (49.78%) Agile Software Development
2 692 (42.58%) Java
3 547 (33.66%) Python
4 531 (32.68%) AWS
5 519 (31.94%) Finance
6 472 (29.05%) JavaScript
7 428 (26.34%) Microservices
8 370 (22.77%) Web Services
9 369 (22.71%) DevOps
10 354 (21.78%) C#
11 324 (19.94%) TDD
12 316 (19.45%) Docker
13 313 (19.26%) SQL
14 300 (18.46%) Front Office
15 287 (17.66%) React
16 278 (17.11%) Asset Management
17 275 (16.92%) Azure
18 269 (16.55%) Fixed Income
19 253 (15.57%) Node.js
20 250 (15.38%) Kubernetes
21 236 (14.52%) .NET
22 226 (13.91%) Analytics
23 221 (13.60%) AngularJS
24 214 (13.17%) Derivative
24 214 (13.17%) C++
25 196 (12.06%) NoSQL
26 191 (11.75%) Continuous Integration
27 183 (11.26%) Banking
28 180 (11.08%) Serverless
29 173 (10.65%) BDD

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (4.25%) Apache Spark
2 68 (4.18%) Elasticsearch
3 43 (2.65%) Apache
4 37 (2.28%) Confluence
5 24 (1.48%) Tomcat
6 17 (1.05%) CMS
7 16 (0.98%) SAS
8 13 (0.80%) Jetty
9 12 (0.74%) IIS
10 10 (0.62%) Cloud Foundry
11 9 (0.55%) JBoss
11 9 (0.55%) Jupyter
12 8 (0.49%) Drupal
12 8 (0.49%) Ethereum
13 7 (0.43%) Apache Airflow
13 7 (0.43%) nginx
14 5 (0.31%) Mattermost
14 5 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 4 (0.25%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 4 (0.25%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 13 (0.80%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (0.49%) MS Visio
3 8 (0.49%) Sketch
3 8 (0.49%) Zeplin
4 3 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.062%) InfoPath
5 1 (0.062%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.062%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.062%) PrintSoft PReS
5 1 (0.062%) Simulink
5 1 (0.062%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 44 (2.71%) FINCAD Analytics
2 8 (0.49%) Distributed Ledger
2 8 (0.49%) PolarLake
3 7 (0.43%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 6 (0.37%) Markit EDM
5 4 (0.25%) R3 Corda
5 4 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
6 3 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
7 2 (0.12%) Oracle Retail
7 2 (0.12%) Quorum
8 1 (0.062%) ION MarketView
8 1 (0.062%) MultiChain
8 1 (0.062%) Oracle Financials
8 1 (0.062%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 531 (32.68%) AWS
2 275 (16.92%) Azure
3 180 (11.08%) Serverless
4 148 (9.11%) AWS Lambda
5 139 (8.55%) GCP
6 121 (7.45%) Amazon S3
7 96 (5.91%) GitHub
8 91 (5.60%) Amazon SQS
9 68 (4.18%) Amazon EC2
10 62 (3.82%) AWS CloudFormation
11 57 (3.51%) Amazon ECS
12 56 (3.45%) OpenShift
13 44 (2.71%) AWS Step Functions
14 27 (1.66%) Amazon Kinesis
15 23 (1.42%) PaaS
15 23 (1.42%) Power Platform
16 22 (1.35%) SaaS
17 20 (1.23%) Cloud Computing
18 18 (1.11%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
18 18 (1.11%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 34 (2.09%) Internet
2 28 (1.72%) HTTP
3 23 (1.42%) TCP/IP
4 20 (1.23%) DNS
5 11 (0.68%) Firewall
5 11 (0.68%) FTP
6 10 (0.62%) SSL
7 7 (0.43%) HTTPS
8 5 (0.31%) Bluetooth
9 4 (0.25%) Cisco ASA
9 4 (0.25%) DVB
9 4 (0.25%) IPv4
9 4 (0.25%) IPv6
9 4 (0.25%) LAN
9 4 (0.25%) WAN
9 4 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
10 3 (0.18%) IPFS
10 3 (0.18%) Kerberos
10 3 (0.18%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
11 2 (0.12%) PPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 196 (12.06%) NoSQL
2 150 (9.23%) PostgreSQL
3 131 (8.06%) MongoDB
4 124 (7.63%) Relational Database
5 116 (7.14%) SQL Server
6 112 (6.89%) Amazon RDS
7 99 (6.09%) Amazon Athena
8 96 (5.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 87 (5.35%) RDBMS
10 85 (5.23%) Big Data
11 83 (5.11%) Amazon Redshift
12 77 (4.74%) MySQL
13 72 (4.43%) Hadoop
14 69 (4.25%) Apache Cassandra
15 66 (4.06%) Redis
16 62 (3.82%) Amazon Aurora
17 43 (2.65%) Neo4j
18 40 (2.46%) Data Warehouse
19 34 (2.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 28 (1.72%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 133 (8.18%) Git (software)
2 130 (8.00%) Jenkins
3 71 (4.37%) JIRA
4 62 (3.82%) RStudio
5 59 (3.63%) Artifactory
6 41 (2.52%) Maven
7 35 (2.15%) GitLab
8 30 (1.85%) Cucumber
9 28 (1.72%) Selenium
10 26 (1.60%) JUnit
11 23 (1.42%) webpack
12 20 (1.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 19 (1.17%) Gradle
13 19 (1.17%) TeamCity
14 17 (1.05%) Bitbucket
15 16 (0.98%) Jasmine
16 14 (0.86%) Subversion
17 13 (0.80%) CircleCI
17 13 (0.80%) gulp
17 13 (0.80%) Mockito
General
1 519 (31.94%) Finance
2 300 (18.46%) Front Office
3 183 (11.26%) Banking
4 71 (4.37%) Investment Banking
5 53 (3.26%) Marketing
6 42 (2.58%) Retail
7 25 (1.54%) Public Sector
8 23 (1.42%) Publishing
9 21 (1.29%) Advertising
10 20 (1.23%) Legal
11 17 (1.05%) Manufacturing
12 16 (0.98%) Games
13 14 (0.86%) Electronics
14 13 (0.80%) Military
14 13 (0.80%) Telecoms
15 10 (0.62%) Financial Institution
16 7 (0.43%) Law
17 5 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
17 5 (0.31%) Retail Banking
18 3 (0.18%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 779 (47.94%) Developer
2 488 (30.03%) Software Engineer
3 221 (13.60%) Java Developer
4 150 (9.23%) Senior Developer
5 149 (9.17%) AWS Engineer
6 139 (8.55%) AWS Developer
7 120 (7.38%) Java Engineer
8 112 (6.89%) AWS Software Engineer
8 112 (6.89%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 109 (6.71%) Architect
10 108 (6.65%) Python Engineer
11 105 (6.46%) Senior Software Engineer
12 100 (6.15%) Python Developer
13 94 (5.78%) React Developer
14 92 (5.66%) Java Software Engineer
15 82 (5.05%) C# Developer
15 82 (5.05%) JavaScript Developer
16 80 (4.92%) Lead Developer
17 71 (4.37%) Java Software Developer
18 60 (3.69%) Python Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 370 (22.77%) Web Services
2 287 (17.66%) React
3 253 (15.57%) Node.js
4 236 (14.52%) .NET
5 221 (13.60%) AngularJS
6 159 (9.78%) J2EE
7 133 (8.18%) Spring
8 126 (7.75%) REST
9 116 (7.14%) HTML
10 113 (6.95%) CSS
11 109 (6.71%) Kafka
12 80 (4.92%) RESTful
13 70 (4.31%) Vue.js
14 66 (4.06%) Spring Boot
15 55 (3.38%) Pandas
16 53 (3.26%) Redux
17 51 (3.14%) HTML5
17 51 (3.14%) NumPy
18 49 (3.02%) J2SE
19 45 (2.77%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 269 (16.55%) Fixed Income
2 214 (13.17%) Derivative
3 142 (8.74%) Greenfield Project
4 114 (7.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 90 (5.54%) Algorithms
5 90 (5.54%) Equities
6 88 (5.42%) User Experience
7 72 (4.43%) Analytical Skills
8 57 (3.51%) Equity Derivative
8 57 (3.51%) Hedge funds
9 41 (2.52%) Data Structures
10 39 (2.40%) Virtual Team
11 38 (2.34%) Mobile App
12 33 (2.03%) Blog
12 33 (2.03%) Public Cloud
13 29 (1.78%) Cloud Native
14 25 (1.54%) Linux Command Line
14 25 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
15 24 (1.48%) Enterprise Software
16 23 (1.42%) Pricing Data
Operating Systems
1 155 (9.54%) Linux
2 54 (3.32%) Windows
3 50 (3.08%) Unix
4 45 (2.77%) Android
5 23 (1.42%) Apple iOS
6 16 (0.98%) Embedded Linux
7 14 (0.86%) Debian
7 14 (0.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 11 (0.68%) CentOS
9 10 (0.62%) Ubuntu
10 9 (0.55%) Windows Server
11 7 (0.43%) Mac OS
12 5 (0.31%) Mac OS X
13 3 (0.18%) Solaris
13 3 (0.18%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (0.12%) tvOS
14 2 (0.12%) Windows 10
15 1 (0.062%) DC/OS
15 1 (0.062%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 809 (49.78%) Agile Software Development
2 428 (26.34%) Microservices
3 369 (22.71%) DevOps
4 324 (19.94%) TDD
5 278 (17.11%) Asset Management
6 226 (13.91%) Analytics
7 191 (11.75%) Continuous Integration
8 173 (10.65%) BDD
9 171 (10.52%) Test Automation
10 164 (10.09%) Scrum
11 147 (9.05%) Mentoring
12 125 (7.69%) Front End Development
13 120 (7.38%) Open Source
14 116 (7.14%) Data Science
15 111 (6.83%) Problem-Solving
16 109 (6.71%) OO
17 108 (6.65%) Machine Learning
18 107 (6.58%) Computer Science
19 99 (6.09%) Unit Testing
20 92 (5.66%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 692 (42.58%) Java
2 547 (33.66%) Python
3 472 (29.05%) JavaScript
4 354 (21.78%) C#
5 313 (19.26%) SQL
6 214 (13.17%) C++
7 137 (8.43%) R
8 96 (5.91%) Scala
9 70 (4.31%) TypeScript
10 69 (4.25%) Go
11 60 (3.69%) Kotlin
12 58 (3.57%) Java 8
12 58 (3.57%) Ruby
13 55 (3.38%) C
14 46 (2.83%) PHP
15 37 (2.28%) T-SQL
16 29 (1.78%) ES6
17 25 (1.54%) Bash Shell
18 24 (1.48%) PowerShell
19 20 (1.23%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 115 (7.08%) Degree
2 84 (5.17%) Security Cleared
3 57 (3.51%) SC Cleared
4 35 (2.15%) DV Cleared
5 26 (1.60%) PhD
6 25 (1.54%) AWS Certification
7 24 (1.48%) Computer Science Degree
8 7 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
9 6 (0.37%) SANS
10 5 (0.31%) Master's Degree
10 5 (0.31%) SAFe Agilist
11 3 (0.18%) GPEN
11 3 (0.18%) GWAPT
11 3 (0.18%) GXPN
11 3 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (0.18%) OSCE
11 3 (0.18%) OSCP
12 2 (0.12%) CISSP
12 2 (0.12%) PMI Certification
12 2 (0.12%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (4.80%) QA
2 6 (0.37%) PSD2
3 5 (0.31%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.18%) NIST
6 2 (0.12%) GDPR
6 2 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 2 (0.12%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.062%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 1 (0.062%) GAMP
7 1 (0.062%) GLP
7 1 (0.062%) Good Clinical Practice
7 1 (0.062%) GxP
7 1 (0.062%) MiFID
7 1 (0.062%) PMO
7 1 (0.062%) WCAG
System Software
1 316 (19.45%) Docker
2 15 (0.92%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.68%) VirtualBox
4 10 (0.62%) HDFS
5 7 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 5 (0.31%) Apache Flume
6 5 (0.31%) Hyper-V
6 5 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
8 2 (0.12%) XenApp
9 1 (0.062%) BusyBox
9 1 (0.062%) Firmware
9 1 (0.062%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 250 (15.38%) Kubernetes
2 149 (9.17%) Terraform
3 82 (5.05%) Ansible
4 27 (1.66%) Docker Swarm
5 20 (1.23%) Grafana
5 20 (1.23%) Kibana
6 14 (0.86%) linkerd
7 13 (0.80%) Opscode Chef
7 13 (0.80%) Prometheus
7 13 (0.80%) Puppet
8 12 (0.74%) Mesos
9 11 (0.68%) Marathon
9 11 (0.68%) Packer
10 7 (0.43%) Cobbler
10 7 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
11 4 (0.25%) Graphite
11 4 (0.25%) Istio
12 3 (0.18%) Microsoft Clustering
12 3 (0.18%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
12 3 (0.18%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 116 (7.14%) Oracle
2 111 (6.83%) Google
3 69 (4.25%) Microsoft
4 64 (3.94%) Bloomberg
5 48 (2.95%) Sybase
6 45 (2.77%) Reuters
7 32 (1.97%) Salesforce.com
8 19 (1.17%) Apple
8 19 (1.17%) SAP
9 18 (1.11%) New Relic
10 14 (0.86%) Splunk
11 12 (0.74%) IBM
11 12 (0.74%) Talend
12 11 (0.68%) Atlassian
12 11 (0.68%) Cloudera
12 11 (0.68%) Tableau
13 10 (0.62%) Citrix
13 10 (0.62%) Dell
13 10 (0.62%) Informatica
13 10 (0.62%) Red Hat