Period
to 21 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 21 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
England > London
6 months to
21 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 68 76 87
Rank change year-on-year +8 +11 +10
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 1,697 1,520 1,276
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 3.84% 3.32% 3.08%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.36% 3.78% 3.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,183 1,176 949
London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +1.01%
10th Percentile £408 £406 £363
90th Percentile £700 £659 £638
England median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 25 16
London median hourly rate £41.25 £45.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.33% - +20.00%
10th Percentile £27.50 £38.92 £36.08
90th Percentile £53.75 £47.83 £62.50
England median hourly rate £45.00 £44.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +1.19%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 38,958 40,248 36,177
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 88.15% 87.88% 87.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 27,867 29,338 25,998
London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £308
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
England median daily rate £475 £450 £430
% change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 429 416 444
London median hourly rate £24.23 £22.01 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.10% -8.30% +20.00%
10th Percentile £12.76 £13.75 £12.25
90th Percentile £50.50 £48.75 £52.50
England median hourly rate £23.50 £23.50 £24.00
% change year-on-year - -2.08% +4.69%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +15 364 £550 +4.76% 327
West London -15 90 £500 -4.76% 183
South London -13 50 £551 +0.23% 25
East London -32 45 £550 +7.32% 52
North London -7 5 £550 - 9
Software Engineering
England

For the 6 months to 21 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 954 (56.22%) Agile Software Development
2 633 (37.30%) Java
3 492 (28.99%) TDD
4 454 (26.75%) JavaScript
5 450 (26.52%) Amazon AWS
6 405 (23.87%) Finance
7 385 (22.69%) DevOps
7 385 (22.69%) Microservices
8 384 (22.63%) Python
9 354 (20.86%) Docker
10 337 (19.86%) C#
11 296 (17.44%) SQL
12 293 (17.27%) Node.js
13 289 (17.03%) Continuous Integration
14 277 (16.32%) React
15 267 (15.73%) Scrum
16 265 (15.62%) .NET
16 265 (15.62%) BDD
17 263 (15.50%) HTML
18 248 (14.61%) AngularJS
19 241 (14.20%) Git (software)
20 231 (13.61%) Linux
21 230 (13.55%) CSS
21 230 (13.55%) Microsoft Azure
22 221 (13.02%) Banking
23 216 (12.73%) Jenkins
24 215 (12.67%) Spring
25 211 (12.43%) REST
26 206 (12.14%) Test Automation
26 206 (12.14%) Web Services

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (6.36%) Apache Spark
2 83 (4.89%) Elasticsearch
3 46 (2.71%) Apache
4 40 (2.36%) Confluence
5 30 (1.77%) Cloud Foundry
5 30 (1.77%) CMS
6 28 (1.65%) Gunicorn
7 23 (1.36%) IIS
8 16 (0.94%) Tomcat
9 13 (0.77%) Oracle Coherence
9 13 (0.77%) SharePoint
10 12 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 12 (0.71%) WebLogic
11 10 (0.59%) Mule
12 9 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 8 (0.47%) Apache Solr
13 8 (0.47%) NServiceBus
13 8 (0.47%) SAS
13 8 (0.47%) WebSphere
14 6 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 24 (1.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.53%) Chatbot
3 7 (0.41%) Spreadsheet
4 6 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.18%) InVision
5 3 (0.18%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.12%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.059%) OmniGraffle
7 1 (0.059%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 7 (0.41%) SAP Hybris
2 4 (0.24%) Markit EDM
3 3 (0.18%) NetSuite
3 3 (0.18%) SAP ERP
4 2 (0.12%) Bloomberg AIM
4 2 (0.12%) Decalog
4 2 (0.12%) Eagle PACE
4 2 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 2 (0.12%) thinkFolio
5 1 (0.059%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.059%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.059%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.059%) Endur
5 1 (0.059%) Infor SunSystems
5 1 (0.059%) Magento
5 1 (0.059%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.059%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.059%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.059%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 450 (26.52%) Amazon AWS
2 230 (13.55%) Microsoft Azure
3 128 (7.54%) Google Cloud Platform
4 103 (6.07%) Serverless
5 73 (4.30%) AWS Lambda
6 51 (3.01%) Cloud Computing
7 49 (2.89%) AWS CloudFormation
8 37 (2.18%) GitHub
8 37 (2.18%) PaaS
9 23 (1.36%) Amazon Kinesis
10 22 (1.30%) Amazon SQS
11 21 (1.24%) Amazon EC2
12 20 (1.18%) Amazon EMR
12 20 (1.18%) IaaS
13 19 (1.12%) npm
14 17 (1.00%) SaaS
15 14 (0.82%) Amazon S3
16 13 (0.77%) Azure Functions
16 13 (0.77%) Heroku
17 11 (0.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 54 (3.18%) HTTP
2 27 (1.59%) DNS
3 26 (1.53%) Firewall
3 26 (1.53%) Internet
4 22 (1.30%) SSL
5 21 (1.24%) TCP/IP
6 13 (0.77%) VPN
7 11 (0.65%) FTP
8 10 (0.59%) HTTPS
9 7 (0.41%) Kerberos
10 4 (0.24%) AMQP
11 3 (0.18%) Broadband
11 3 (0.18%) DMARC
11 3 (0.18%) MPLS
11 3 (0.18%) Software-Defined Networking
12 2 (0.12%) BGP
12 2 (0.12%) DMZ
12 2 (0.12%) DVB
12 2 (0.12%) FIX Connectivity
12 2 (0.12%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 141 (8.31%) MongoDB
2 140 (8.25%) Big Data
3 135 (7.96%) NoSQL
4 132 (7.78%) SQL Server
5 126 (7.42%) PostgreSQL
6 114 (6.72%) Hadoop
7 105 (6.19%) Relational Database
8 101 (5.95%) MySQL
9 59 (3.48%) Apache Hive
10 51 (3.01%) Apache Cassandra
10 51 (3.01%) Data Warehouse
11 39 (2.30%) RDBMS
12 37 (2.18%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 30 (1.77%) Oracle Database
13 30 (1.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 27 (1.59%) Redis
15 22 (1.30%) Couchbase
15 22 (1.30%) Data Lake
16 21 (1.24%) Neo4j
17 19 (1.12%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 241 (14.20%) Git (software)
2 216 (12.73%) Jenkins
3 84 (4.95%) Maven
4 82 (4.83%) Selenium
5 70 (4.12%) JIRA
6 66 (3.89%) TeamCity
7 59 (3.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 56 (3.30%) Gatling
9 49 (2.89%) Mocha
10 47 (2.77%) Hudson
11 43 (2.53%) JUnit
12 41 (2.42%) Gradle
13 40 (2.36%) Cucumber
14 35 (2.06%) Artifactory
15 34 (2.00%) webpack
16 31 (1.83%) Mockito
16 31 (1.83%) Robot Framework
17 29 (1.71%) Octopus Deploy
18 28 (1.65%) Jasmine
19 27 (1.59%) GitLab
General
1 405 (23.87%) Finance
2 221 (13.02%) Banking
3 127 (7.48%) Front Office
4 81 (4.77%) Retail
5 42 (2.47%) Investment Banking
6 40 (2.36%) Marketing
7 39 (2.30%) Games
8 21 (1.24%) Back Office
9 18 (1.06%) Legal
10 12 (0.71%) Publishing
11 11 (0.65%) Advertising
12 10 (0.59%) Electronics
13 8 (0.47%) Manufacturing
14 7 (0.41%) Law
14 7 (0.41%) Telecoms
15 6 (0.35%) Automotive
16 5 (0.29%) Financial Institution
17 4 (0.24%) Retail Banking
18 3 (0.18%) Avionics
18 3 (0.18%) French Language
Job Titles
1 799 (47.08%) Developer
2 492 (28.99%) Software Engineer
3 212 (12.49%) Java Developer
4 161 (9.49%) Senior Developer
5 156 (9.19%) Java Engineer
6 144 (8.49%) C# Developer
7 135 (7.96%) Architect
8 131 (7.72%) Java Software Engineer
9 103 (6.07%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 98 (5.77%) Senior Software Engineer
11 97 (5.72%) .NET Developer
12 88 (5.19%) AWS Engineer
13 86 (5.07%) DevOps Engineer
14 85 (5.01%) JavaScript Developer
15 83 (4.89%) React Developer
16 75 (4.42%) Full Stack Developer
17 74 (4.36%) Software Developer
18 73 (4.30%) AWS Software Engineer
19 70 (4.12%) Python Engineer
20 62 (3.65%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 293 (17.27%) Node.js
2 277 (16.32%) React
3 265 (15.62%) .NET
4 263 (15.50%) HTML
5 248 (14.61%) AngularJS
6 230 (13.55%) CSS
7 215 (12.67%) Spring
8 211 (12.43%) REST
9 206 (12.14%) Web Services
10 135 (7.96%) RESTful
11 120 (7.07%) HTML5
12 116 (6.84%) Kafka
13 112 (6.60%) Spring Boot
14 75 (4.42%) NumPy
14 75 (4.42%) Redux
15 72 (4.24%) ASP.NET
16 71 (4.18%) JSON
17 68 (4.01%) Jest
18 64 (3.77%) WCF
19 61 (3.59%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 142 (8.37%) User Experience
2 137 (8.07%) Greenfield Project
3 111 (6.54%) Fintech
4 108 (6.36%) Analytical Skills
5 92 (5.42%) Algorithms
6 61 (3.59%) Hedge funds
7 48 (2.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 46 (2.71%) Data Structures
9 43 (2.53%) Fixed Income
10 41 (2.42%) Equities
10 41 (2.42%) Mobile App
11 34 (2.00%) Derivative
12 29 (1.71%) Cloud Native
13 26 (1.53%) Video on Demand
14 25 (1.47%) Video\Live Streaming
15 24 (1.41%) Embedded Systems
15 24 (1.41%) Self-Motivation
16 21 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
17 19 (1.12%) Virtual Team
18 18 (1.06%) Over-the-Top Content
Operating Systems
1 231 (13.61%) Linux
2 98 (5.77%) Windows
3 67 (3.95%) Apple iOS
4 62 (3.65%) Android
5 51 (3.01%) Unix
6 7 (0.41%) Mac OS X
7 6 (0.35%) tvOS
7 6 (0.35%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.29%) Android TV
9 4 (0.24%) CentOS
9 4 (0.24%) Embedded Linux
9 4 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 4 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (0.18%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.18%) Solaris
10 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.12%) Windows 10
11 2 (0.12%) Windows 7
12 1 (0.059%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.059%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 954 (56.22%) Agile Software Development
2 492 (28.99%) TDD
3 385 (22.69%) DevOps
3 385 (22.69%) Microservices
4 289 (17.03%) Continuous Integration
5 267 (15.73%) Scrum
6 265 (15.62%) BDD
7 206 (12.14%) Test Automation
8 173 (10.19%) OO
9 141 (8.31%) Unit Testing
10 140 (8.25%) Continuous Delivery
11 139 (8.19%) Pair Programming
11 139 (8.19%) Problem-Solving
12 138 (8.13%) Data Science
13 135 (7.96%) Computer Science
14 129 (7.60%) Front End Development
15 121 (7.13%) Analytics
16 115 (6.78%) MVC
17 111 (6.54%) E-Commerce
17 111 (6.54%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 633 (37.30%) Java
2 454 (26.75%) JavaScript
3 384 (22.63%) Python
4 337 (19.86%) C#
5 296 (17.44%) SQL
6 160 (9.43%) C++
7 138 (8.13%) Java 8
8 112 (6.60%) ES6
9 104 (6.13%) Scala
10 96 (5.66%) TypeScript
11 94 (5.54%) Go
12 57 (3.36%) C
13 56 (3.30%) Ruby
14 54 (3.18%) PowerShell
15 50 (2.95%) Bash Shell
16 48 (2.83%) Kotlin
17 45 (2.65%) T-SQL
18 41 (2.42%) PHP
19 28 (1.65%) PL/SQL
20 24 (1.41%) VB
Qualifications
1 163 (9.61%) Degree
2 88 (5.19%) Security Cleared
3 70 (4.12%) Computer Science Degree
4 62 (3.65%) SC Cleared
5 36 (2.12%) AWS Certification
6 30 (1.77%) Master's Degree
7 26 (1.53%) PhD
8 9 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
9 7 (0.41%) Sun Certification
10 5 (0.29%) DBS Check
11 4 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
12 3 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
12 3 (0.18%) CISSP
12 3 (0.18%) DV Cleared
13 2 (0.12%) CCNA
13 2 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
13 2 (0.12%) MCP
14 1 (0.059%) CCNP
14 1 (0.059%) ITIL Certification
14 1 (0.059%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 171 (10.08%) QA
2 18 (1.06%) Data Quality
3 12 (0.71%) GDPR
4 8 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.35%) PCI DSS
5 6 (0.35%) PSD2
6 4 (0.24%) WCAG
7 3 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.18%) DO-178B
7 3 (0.18%) Solvency II
8 2 (0.12%) MiFID
9 1 (0.059%) PMO
System Software
1 354 (20.86%) Docker
2 17 (1.00%) HDFS
3 11 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (0.53%) Apache Flume
5 8 (0.47%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.29%) Firmware
7 4 (0.24%) KVM
8 3 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.18%) vSphere
8 3 (0.18%) Xen
9 2 (0.12%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.12%) OpenAM
9 2 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
10 1 (0.059%) Platform Symphony
10 1 (0.059%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.059%) VirtualBox
10 1 (0.059%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 206 (12.14%) Kubernetes
2 150 (8.84%) Ansible
3 148 (8.72%) Terraform
4 43 (2.53%) Puppet
5 32 (1.89%) Opscode Chef
6 21 (1.24%) Single Sign-On
7 14 (0.82%) Grafana
7 14 (0.82%) Kibana
8 11 (0.65%) Docker Swarm
8 11 (0.65%) Hadoop YARN
8 11 (0.65%) Oozie
9 10 (0.59%) Prometheus
10 9 (0.53%) Ambari
10 9 (0.53%) Consul
11 8 (0.47%) Mesos
11 8 (0.47%) Salt
12 6 (0.35%) logstash
13 5 (0.29%) Nagios
14 4 (0.24%) linkerd
15 3 (0.18%) Packer
Vendors
1 108 (6.36%) Google
2 106 (6.25%) Oracle
3 77 (4.54%) Microsoft
4 32 (1.89%) Hortonworks
5 28 (1.65%) Atlassian
6 25 (1.47%) Cloudera
6 25 (1.47%) Tableau
7 24 (1.41%) Splunk
8 22 (1.30%) Bloomberg
9 19 (1.12%) Citrix
10 14 (0.82%) hybris
10 14 (0.82%) SAP
11 13 (0.77%) Adobe
12 12 (0.71%) VMware
13 9 (0.53%) Apple
13 9 (0.53%) Reuters
13 9 (0.53%) Salesforce.com
14 8 (0.47%) TOWER Software
15 7 (0.41%) NetApp
15 7 (0.41%) Red Hat