Period
to 17 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 17 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
England > London
6 months to
17 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 20 52 67
Rank change year-on-year +32 +15 +10
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 1,304 1,418 1,708
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 7.58% 4.68% 3.84%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 8.57% 5.34% 4.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,250 956 1,220
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £413 £400 £412
90th Percentile £713 £725 £700
England median daily rate £525 £515 £500
% change year-on-year +1.94% +3.00% +2.04%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 26 43
Median hourly rate £45.71 £48.25 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.27% +10.29% -2.78%
10th Percentile £30.50 £42.50 £27.50
90th Percentile £68.00 £55.00 £53.75
England median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 15,224 26,533 39,425
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 88.44% 87.62% 88.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,875 19,307 28,624
Median daily rate £500 £513 £510
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.44% +0.49% +2.00%
10th Percentile £325 £318 £325
90th Percentile £700 £694 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 140 319 398
Median hourly rate £33.31 £23.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +44.84% +4.55% +1.15%
10th Percentile £16.93 £12.44 £12.50
90th Percentile £65.15 £53.06 £47.50
Median hourly rate £26.88 £21.00 £21.76
% change year-on-year +28.01% -3.49% -1.09%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 17 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 17 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the London region over the 6 months to 17 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +26 139 £550 - 230
South London +32 28 £450 -18.18% 15
West London +12 24 £510 +2.00% 120
East London +32 8 £475 -11.63% 37
Software Engineering
England

For the 6 months to 17 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 726 (55.67%) Agile Software Development
2 679 (52.07%) AWS
3 592 (45.40%) JavaScript
4 589 (45.17%) Python
5 573 (43.94%) Finance
6 537 (41.18%) Java
7 471 (36.12%) Web Services
8 461 (35.35%) React
9 416 (31.90%) Azure
9 416 (31.90%) Asset Management
10 356 (27.30%) Front Office
11 334 (25.61%) AngularJS
12 322 (24.69%) Serverless
13 310 (23.77%) Docker
14 309 (23.70%) Kubernetes
15 291 (22.32%) Node.js
16 272 (20.86%) Investment Management
17 266 (20.40%) GCP
18 261 (20.02%) DevOps
19 254 (19.48%) Microservices
20 253 (19.40%) SQL
21 245 (18.79%) Derivative
22 239 (18.33%) Fixed Income
23 237 (18.17%) Equities
24 222 (17.02%) AWS Lambda
25 221 (16.95%) Kotlin
26 214 (16.41%) Terraform
26 214 (16.41%) TDD
27 206 (15.80%) .NET
28 184 (14.11%) Banking

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 114 (8.74%) Apache
2 60 (4.60%) Apache Spark
3 32 (2.45%) Elasticsearch
4 16 (1.23%) BizTalk Server
5 15 (1.15%) Apache Airflow
6 12 (0.92%) Confluence
7 11 (0.84%) CMS
8 8 (0.61%) WebLogic
9 7 (0.54%) NServiceBus
9 7 (0.54%) SAS
9 7 (0.54%) Tomcat
9 7 (0.54%) WebSphere
10 6 (0.46%) Jupyter
11 4 (0.31%) Cloud Foundry
11 4 (0.31%) WordPress
12 3 (0.23%) JBoss
12 3 (0.23%) Oracle Coherence
13 2 (0.15%) Camunda
13 2 (0.15%) Tornado
14 1 (0.077%) Luigi
Applications
1 5 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
1 5 (0.38%) Sketch
2 4 (0.31%) Chatbot
2 4 (0.31%) Gephi
3 3 (0.23%) Adobe Illustrator
3 3 (0.23%) Adobe Premiere
4 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.15%) Zeplin
5 1 (0.077%) Figma
5 1 (0.077%) InVision
5 1 (0.077%) Marvel
Business Applications
1 8 (0.61%) Markit EDM
2 7 (0.54%) Eagle PACE
3 5 (0.38%) Lawson
4 3 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.15%) Temenos T24
6 1 (0.077%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 679 (52.07%) AWS
2 416 (31.90%) Azure
3 322 (24.69%) Serverless
4 266 (20.40%) GCP
5 222 (17.02%) AWS Lambda
6 149 (11.43%) Amazon S3
7 87 (6.67%) Amazon EC2
8 80 (6.13%) Amazon SQS
9 61 (4.68%) AWS Step Functions
10 60 (4.60%) Amazon ECS
11 47 (3.60%) GitHub
12 32 (2.45%) AWS CloudFormation
13 30 (2.30%) Azure Functions
13 30 (2.30%) PaaS
14 27 (2.07%) Apigee
15 25 (1.92%) Cloud Computing
15 25 (1.92%) Logic Apps
15 25 (1.92%) SaaS
16 24 (1.84%) OpenShift
17 18 (1.38%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 19 (1.46%) HTTP
2 8 (0.61%) TCP/IP
2 8 (0.61%) Wi-Fi
3 7 (0.54%) SSL
4 6 (0.46%) DNS
4 6 (0.46%) Wireless
5 4 (0.31%) HTTPS
5 4 (0.31%) ZigBee
6 3 (0.23%) 802.11
6 3 (0.23%) Broadband
6 3 (0.23%) DECT
6 3 (0.23%) FTP
6 3 (0.23%) Internet
6 3 (0.23%) Network Security
7 2 (0.15%) DHCP
7 2 (0.15%) IPv4
7 2 (0.15%) IPv6
7 2 (0.15%) SNMP
7 2 (0.15%) VPN
7 2 (0.15%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 153 (11.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 91 (6.98%) Amazon RDS
3 80 (6.13%) SQL Server
4 77 (5.90%) PostgreSQL
5 60 (4.60%) Apache Ignite
5 60 (4.60%) MySQL
6 53 (4.06%) MongoDB
6 53 (4.06%) NoSQL
7 42 (3.22%) Amazon Redshift
8 40 (3.07%) Big Data
9 38 (2.91%) Relational Database
10 31 (2.38%) Redis
11 20 (1.53%) Azure SQL Database
11 20 (1.53%) Neo4j
12 19 (1.46%) RDBMS
13 16 (1.23%) Data Warehouse
14 15 (1.15%) Hadoop
15 11 (0.84%) Tableau
16 10 (0.77%) Data Lake
17 9 (0.69%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 143 (10.97%) Jenkins
2 117 (8.97%) Git (software)
3 56 (4.29%) GitLab
4 49 (3.76%) Artifactory
5 38 (2.91%) webpack
6 28 (2.15%) Cypress.io
7 27 (2.07%) JIRA
7 27 (2.07%) Maven
8 23 (1.76%) Gradle
9 21 (1.61%) RStudio
10 17 (1.30%) JUnit
11 16 (1.23%) CircleCI
12 14 (1.07%) Xcode
13 13 (1.00%) gulp
14 11 (0.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 11 (0.84%) Bitbucket
14 11 (0.84%) Jasmine
15 10 (0.77%) SonarQube
15 10 (0.77%) Sonatype Nexus
16 9 (0.69%) Mockito
General
1 573 (43.94%) Finance
2 356 (27.30%) Front Office
3 184 (14.11%) Banking
4 71 (5.44%) Investment Banking
5 27 (2.07%) Public Sector
6 20 (1.53%) Retail
7 16 (1.23%) Marketing
8 14 (1.07%) Telecoms
9 13 (1.00%) Back Office
10 8 (0.61%) Games
11 6 (0.46%) Manufacturing
11 6 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
12 5 (0.38%) Electronics
12 5 (0.38%) Law
12 5 (0.38%) Publishing
13 4 (0.31%) Retail Banking
14 3 (0.23%) Advertising
15 2 (0.15%) French Language
15 2 (0.15%) German Language
16 1 (0.077%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 781 (59.89%) Developer
2 515 (39.49%) Software Engineer
3 272 (20.86%) Developer/Software Engineer
4 192 (14.72%) React Developer
5 164 (12.58%) Python Developer
6 157 (12.04%) JavaScript Developer
7 146 (11.20%) AWS Developer
8 136 (10.43%) Python Engineer
9 133 (10.20%) Java Developer
10 114 (8.74%) Java Engineer
11 113 (8.67%) AWS Engineer
12 110 (8.44%) Python Software Engineer
13 86 (6.60%) Full Stack Developer
14 84 (6.44%) Java Software Engineer
15 71 (5.44%) AWS Software Engineer
15 71 (5.44%) Senior Developer
16 70 (5.37%) JavaScript Engineer
17 62 (4.75%) Java Software Developer
18 54 (4.14%) DevOps Engineer
19 53 (4.06%) Front Office Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 471 (36.12%) Web Services
2 461 (35.35%) React
3 334 (25.61%) AngularJS
4 291 (22.32%) Node.js
5 206 (15.80%) .NET
6 167 (12.81%) Vue.js
7 103 (7.90%) Spring
8 94 (7.21%) REST
9 93 (7.13%) Kafka
10 92 (7.06%) CSS
11 90 (6.90%) HTML
12 85 (6.52%) gRPC
13 76 (5.83%) Redux
14 71 (5.44%) .NET Core
15 70 (5.37%) React Native
15 70 (5.37%) RESTful
16 64 (4.91%) Spring Boot
17 60 (4.60%) HTML5
18 52 (3.99%) GraphQL
19 42 (3.22%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 245 (18.79%) Derivative
2 239 (18.33%) Fixed Income
3 237 (18.17%) Equities
4 175 (13.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 174 (13.34%) Hedge funds
6 88 (6.75%) User Experience
7 80 (6.13%) Blog
8 65 (4.98%) Greenfield Project
9 46 (3.53%) Analytical Skills
10 44 (3.37%) Algorithms
10 44 (3.37%) Cloud Native
11 31 (2.38%) Data Structures
12 30 (2.30%) Mobile App
13 23 (1.76%) Enterprise Software
13 23 (1.76%) Public Cloud
14 21 (1.61%) Credit Derivative
15 17 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
16 13 (1.00%) Social Media
17 12 (0.92%) Management Information System
18 10 (0.77%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 75 (5.75%) Linux
2 41 (3.14%) Android
3 34 (2.61%) Windows
4 32 (2.45%) Apple iOS
5 24 (1.84%) Unix
6 7 (0.54%) Embedded Linux
7 5 (0.38%) CentOS
8 4 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.23%) CoreOS
9 3 (0.23%) Debian
9 3 (0.23%) VMS
10 2 (0.15%) FreeRTOS
10 2 (0.15%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.15%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.077%) AIX
11 1 (0.077%) HPUX
11 1 (0.077%) Kali Linux
11 1 (0.077%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.077%) OpenWrt
Processes & Methodologies
1 726 (55.67%) Agile Software Development
2 416 (31.90%) Asset Management
3 272 (20.86%) Investment Management
4 261 (20.02%) DevOps
5 254 (19.48%) Microservices
6 214 (16.41%) TDD
7 136 (10.43%) Open Source
8 105 (8.05%) Test Automation
9 96 (7.36%) Analytics
9 96 (7.36%) Scrum
10 93 (7.13%) BDD
11 85 (6.52%) SDLC
12 82 (6.29%) Portfolio Management
13 77 (5.90%) OO
14 76 (5.83%) Machine Learning
15 72 (5.52%) Computer Science
16 71 (5.44%) Continuous Integration
17 69 (5.29%) Web Application Development
18 62 (4.75%) Fintech
19 61 (4.68%) Progressive Web App
Programming Languages
1 592 (45.40%) JavaScript
2 589 (45.17%) Python
3 537 (41.18%) Java
4 253 (19.40%) SQL
5 221 (16.95%) Kotlin
6 181 (13.88%) TypeScript
7 171 (13.11%) C#
8 118 (9.05%) C++
9 117 (8.97%) Scala
10 57 (4.37%) Go
11 53 (4.06%) R
12 50 (3.83%) Java 8
13 37 (2.84%) C
14 35 (2.68%) PHP
15 28 (2.15%) PowerShell
16 27 (2.07%) PL/SQL
17 26 (1.99%) Apple Swift
17 26 (1.99%) Bash Shell
18 24 (1.84%) Clojure
19 19 (1.46%) ES6
Qualifications
1 96 (7.36%) Degree
2 71 (5.44%) Security Cleared
3 66 (5.06%) SC Cleared
4 24 (1.84%) Computer Science Degree
5 14 (1.07%) DV Cleared
6 11 (0.84%) AWS Certification
6 11 (0.84%) Master's Degree
6 11 (0.84%) PhD
7 7 (0.54%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 5 (0.38%) VCAP
8 5 (0.38%) VCDX
8 5 (0.38%) VCP6
9 4 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.15%) CISSP
10 2 (0.15%) HNC
10 2 (0.15%) HND
11 1 (0.077%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.077%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.077%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.077%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (2.22%) QA
2 6 (0.46%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.23%) SLA
4 2 (0.15%) COREP
4 2 (0.15%) CRD IV
4 2 (0.15%) Dublin Core
4 2 (0.15%) GDPR
4 2 (0.15%) Good Clinical Practice
4 2 (0.15%) GxP
5 1 (0.077%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.077%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.077%) JTAG
5 1 (0.077%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.077%) PMO
System Software
1 310 (23.77%) Docker
2 8 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
3 7 (0.54%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.54%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.38%) HDFS
4 5 (0.38%) Virtual Desktop
4 5 (0.38%) vSphere
5 4 (0.31%) Platform Symphony
5 4 (0.31%) VMware NSX
6 3 (0.23%) GPFS
7 2 (0.15%) Ceph
7 2 (0.15%) NFS
8 1 (0.077%) etcd
8 1 (0.077%) Firmware
8 1 (0.077%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 309 (23.70%) Kubernetes
2 214 (16.41%) Terraform
3 38 (2.91%) Ansible
4 17 (1.30%) Opscode Chef
5 15 (1.15%) Puppet
6 14 (1.07%) Graphite
7 13 (1.00%) Prometheus
8 9 (0.69%) Grafana
9 5 (0.38%) Zipkin
10 4 (0.31%) Consul
10 4 (0.31%) Packer
10 4 (0.31%) Salt
11 3 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
11 3 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
11 3 (0.23%) Kibana
12 2 (0.15%) logstash
12 2 (0.15%) Mesos
12 2 (0.15%) Oozie
12 2 (0.15%) vCenter Server
12 2 (0.15%) vRealize
Vendors
1 86 (6.60%) Google
2 71 (5.44%) Oracle
3 43 (3.30%) Bloomberg
4 37 (2.84%) Microsoft
5 31 (2.38%) Splunk
6 26 (1.99%) MuleSoft
7 16 (1.23%) VMware
8 10 (0.77%) Confluent
8 10 (0.77%) IBM
8 10 (0.77%) SAP
9 9 (0.69%) Databricks
10 8 (0.61%) Salesforce.com
10 8 (0.61%) Talend
11 7 (0.54%) Informatica
11 7 (0.54%) Red Hat
12 6 (0.46%) Infor
12 6 (0.46%) Sybase
12 6 (0.46%) webMethods
13 5 (0.38%) Atlassian
13 5 (0.38%) Maconomy