Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
England > London
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 20 42 65
Rank change year-on-year +22 +23 +9
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 1,705 1,240 1,664
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 7.69% 5.26% 3.94%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 8.60% 5.97% 4.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,330 912 1,165
10th Percentile £425 £425 £413
25th Percentile £488 £488 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £550
75th Percentile £669 £663 £633
90th Percentile £713 £750 £700
England median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 33 43
10th Percentile £26.93 £38.25 £27.50
25th Percentile £36.25 £44.75 £33.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £50.00 £44.35
Median % change year-on-year -10.00% +12.75% -1.46%
75th Percentile £57.50 £63.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £58.75 £64.95 "
England median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 19,815 20,762 37,646
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 89.34% 88.06% 89.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,236 14,979 27,327
10th Percentile £350 £325 £325
25th Percentile £425 £413 £415
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £520 £513
Median % change year-on-year +0.96% +1.46% +2.50%
75th Percentile £619 £613 £600
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £490 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +3.16% - +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 218 267 363
10th Percentile £16.21 £13.30 £12.50
25th Percentile £21.79 £18.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate £32.68 £26.44 £23.84
Median % change year-on-year +23.58% +10.93% +3.74%
75th Percentile £51.56 £47.83 £38.75
90th Percentile £66.50 £63.00 £50.84
England median hourly rate £25.50 £21.05 £22.50
% change year-on-year +21.14% -6.44% +4.65%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the London region over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +22 191 £550 -3.93% 314
South London +19 22 £505 -3.81% 14
West London +1 21 £510 -2.86% 177
East London +9 13 £500 -9.09% 78
Software Engineering
England

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 999 (58.59%) Agile Software Development
2 779 (45.69%) AWS
3 742 (43.52%) JavaScript
4 700 (41.06%) Finance
5 614 (36.01%) React
6 579 (33.96%) Python
7 536 (31.44%) Java
8 515 (30.21%) Azure
9 482 (28.27%) Kubernetes
10 468 (27.45%) Web Services
11 466 (27.33%) Docker
12 412 (24.16%) Asset Management
13 406 (23.81%) Node.js
14 402 (23.58%) Front Office
15 399 (23.40%) Serverless
16 338 (19.82%) DevOps
17 336 (19.71%) .NET
18 335 (19.65%) Terraform
19 321 (18.83%) TDD
20 317 (18.59%) Investment Management
21 315 (18.48%) TypeScript
22 310 (18.18%) AngularJS
23 299 (17.54%) Microservices
24 286 (16.77%) C#
25 284 (16.66%) GCP
26 276 (16.19%) SQL
27 251 (14.72%) AWS Lambda
28 234 (13.72%) Kotlin
29 209 (12.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
30 192 (11.26%) Amazon S3

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 102 (5.98%) Apache
2 63 (3.70%) Apache Spark
3 34 (1.99%) BizTalk Server
4 31 (1.82%) SharePoint
5 28 (1.64%) Elasticsearch
6 22 (1.29%) Confluence
7 17 (1.00%) WebSphere
8 16 (0.94%) Tomcat
8 16 (0.94%) WordPress
9 14 (0.82%) Apache Airflow
9 14 (0.82%) Oracle Coherence
10 12 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
11 10 (0.59%) Jetty
12 8 (0.47%) NServiceBus
13 7 (0.41%) WebLogic
14 6 (0.35%) JBoss
15 5 (0.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 5 (0.29%) Tornado
16 4 (0.23%) CMS
16 4 (0.23%) SAS
Applications
1 5 (0.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.18%) Chatbot
2 3 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
3 2 (0.12%) Figma
3 2 (0.12%) Gephi
3 2 (0.12%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.12%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.12%) Sketch
3 2 (0.12%) Zeplin
4 1 (0.059%) InVision
4 1 (0.059%) Marvel
4 1 (0.059%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 11 (0.65%) Markit EDM
2 10 (0.59%) Eagle PACE
3 5 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
4 4 (0.23%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.12%) Summit
6 1 (0.059%) Front Arena
6 1 (0.059%) SAP Business One
6 1 (0.059%) Temenos T24
6 1 (0.059%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 779 (45.69%) AWS
2 515 (30.21%) Azure
3 399 (23.40%) Serverless
4 284 (16.66%) GCP
5 251 (14.72%) AWS Lambda
6 192 (11.26%) Amazon S3
7 157 (9.21%) Amazon SQS
8 151 (8.86%) AWS Step Functions
9 63 (3.70%) Azure Functions
10 62 (3.64%) GitHub
11 50 (2.93%) Azure Logic Apps
12 46 (2.70%) Azure Storage
13 44 (2.58%) AWS CloudFormation
13 44 (2.58%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 43 (2.52%) Power Platform
15 36 (2.11%) IaaS
16 35 (2.05%) Amazon EC2
16 35 (2.05%) PaaS
17 30 (1.76%) SaaS
18 29 (1.70%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 25 (1.47%) HTTP
2 12 (0.70%) Wi-Fi
3 11 (0.65%) Broadband
4 10 (0.59%) TCP/IP
5 9 (0.53%) Internet
6 8 (0.47%) DECT
6 8 (0.47%) Wireless
7 7 (0.41%) HTTPS
8 5 (0.29%) DNS
8 5 (0.29%) IPv4
8 5 (0.29%) IPv6
8 5 (0.29%) UPnP
9 4 (0.23%) Multicast
9 4 (0.23%) Network Security
9 4 (0.23%) PPP
9 4 (0.23%) SSL
9 4 (0.23%) ZigBee
10 3 (0.18%) DHCP
11 2 (0.12%) Bluetooth
11 2 (0.12%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 209 (12.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 160 (9.38%) Amazon RDS
3 87 (5.10%) MongoDB
4 86 (5.04%) SQL Server
5 73 (4.28%) Big Data
5 73 (4.28%) NoSQL
5 73 (4.28%) PostgreSQL
6 51 (2.99%) Azure SQL Database
7 45 (2.64%) Relational Database
8 43 (2.52%) Apache Ignite
9 40 (2.35%) Power BI
10 37 (2.17%) Redis
11 31 (1.82%) MySQL
12 23 (1.35%) Data Warehouse
13 21 (1.23%) Hadoop
14 19 (1.11%) Data Lake
15 15 (0.88%) Blockchain
16 13 (0.76%) Neo4j
17 12 (0.70%) Apache Cassandra
17 12 (0.70%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 188 (11.03%) Git (software)
2 183 (10.73%) Jenkins
3 67 (3.93%) JIRA
4 52 (3.05%) webpack
5 51 (2.99%) Maven
6 44 (2.58%) Gradle
7 41 (2.40%) GitLab
8 30 (1.76%) Bitbucket
8 30 (1.76%) JUnit
9 28 (1.64%) Octopus Deploy
9 28 (1.64%) TeamCity
10 26 (1.52%) Cypress.io
11 24 (1.41%) Cucumber
12 23 (1.35%) Xcode
13 20 (1.17%) CircleCI
14 18 (1.06%) Mockito
15 16 (0.94%) Artifactory
16 12 (0.70%) git-flow
16 12 (0.70%) Grunt
16 12 (0.70%) gulp
General
1 700 (41.06%) Finance
2 402 (23.58%) Front Office
3 157 (9.21%) Banking
4 57 (3.34%) Investment Banking
5 52 (3.05%) Public Sector
6 40 (2.35%) Marketing
7 38 (2.23%) Telecoms
8 34 (1.99%) Retail
9 22 (1.29%) Manufacturing
10 16 (0.94%) Games
11 15 (0.88%) Back Office
12 14 (0.82%) Electronics
13 9 (0.53%) Law
14 7 (0.41%) Publishing
15 6 (0.35%) Multimedia
15 6 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
15 6 (0.35%) Prime Brokerage
16 5 (0.29%) Advertising
17 4 (0.23%) Financial Institution
17 4 (0.23%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 968 (56.77%) Developer
2 497 (29.15%) Software Engineer
3 345 (20.23%) React Developer
4 187 (10.97%) AWS Developer
5 170 (9.97%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 164 (9.62%) JavaScript Developer
7 139 (8.15%) Full Stack Developer
8 132 (7.74%) Python Developer
9 123 (7.21%) Java Developer
10 98 (5.75%) Python Engineer
11 94 (5.51%) Node.js Developer
11 94 (5.51%) Senior Developer
12 93 (5.45%) Java Engineer
13 82 (4.81%) Senior Software Engineer
14 76 (4.46%) UI Developer
15 75 (4.40%) AWS Engineer
15 75 (4.40%) UI Engineer
16 72 (4.22%) Designer
17 69 (4.05%) Python Software Engineer
18 68 (3.99%) UX Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 614 (36.01%) React
2 468 (27.45%) Web Services
3 406 (23.81%) Node.js
4 336 (19.71%) .NET
5 310 (18.18%) AngularJS
6 152 (8.91%) Spring
7 148 (8.68%) HTML
8 147 (8.62%) Kafka
9 145 (8.50%) REST
10 128 (7.51%) .NET Core
10 128 (7.51%) CSS
11 115 (6.74%) Vue.js
12 98 (5.75%) Spring Boot
13 93 (5.45%) React Native
14 88 (5.16%) GraphQL
15 86 (5.04%) RESTful
16 71 (4.16%) Redux
17 63 (3.70%) HTML5
18 55 (3.23%) ASP.NET
19 49 (2.87%) ASP.NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 143 (8.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 133 (7.80%) User Experience
3 125 (7.33%) Derivative
3 125 (7.33%) Fixed Income
4 123 (7.21%) Equities
5 87 (5.10%) Hedge funds
6 86 (5.04%) Greenfield Project
7 78 (4.57%) Cloud Native
8 69 (4.05%) Analytical Skills
9 60 (3.52%) Algorithms
10 53 (3.11%) Blog
11 50 (2.93%) Data Structures
12 48 (2.82%) Enterprise Software
13 45 (2.64%) Mobile App
14 32 (1.88%) Self-Motivation
15 30 (1.76%) Social Media
16 21 (1.23%) Public Cloud
17 17 (1.00%) Management Information System
17 17 (1.00%) Virtual Team
18 16 (0.94%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 124 (7.27%) Linux
2 67 (3.93%) Android
3 55 (3.23%) Windows
4 54 (3.17%) Unix
5 50 (2.93%) Apple iOS
6 10 (0.59%) Mac OS X
7 8 (0.47%) OpenWrt
8 7 (0.41%) Mac OS
9 5 (0.29%) Embedded Linux
9 5 (0.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 5 (0.29%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.18%) CoreOS
10 3 (0.18%) Debian
10 3 (0.18%) VMS
11 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.059%) CentOS
12 1 (0.059%) FreeRTOS
12 1 (0.059%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 999 (58.59%) Agile Software Development
2 412 (24.16%) Asset Management
3 338 (19.82%) DevOps
4 321 (18.83%) TDD
5 317 (18.59%) Investment Management
6 299 (17.54%) Microservices
7 188 (11.03%) Scrum
8 164 (9.62%) Continuous Integration
9 157 (9.21%) Test Automation
10 141 (8.27%) SDLC
11 139 (8.15%) Analytics
12 136 (7.98%) Open Source
13 116 (6.80%) BDD
14 103 (6.04%) Continuous Improvement
15 97 (5.69%) Release Management
15 97 (5.69%) Web Application Development
16 96 (5.63%) Portfolio Management
16 96 (5.63%) Problem-Solving
17 92 (5.40%) Mentoring
18 90 (5.28%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 742 (43.52%) JavaScript
2 579 (33.96%) Python
3 536 (31.44%) Java
4 315 (18.48%) TypeScript
5 286 (16.77%) C#
6 276 (16.19%) SQL
7 234 (13.72%) Kotlin
8 172 (10.09%) C++
9 125 (7.33%) Scala
10 92 (5.40%) Go
11 58 (3.40%) PL/SQL
11 58 (3.40%) PowerShell
12 57 (3.34%) Java 8
13 52 (3.05%) T-SQL
14 48 (2.82%) C
14 48 (2.82%) PHP
15 36 (2.11%) ES6
16 33 (1.94%) Apple Swift
16 33 (1.94%) Bash Shell
16 33 (1.94%) R
Qualifications
1 157 (9.21%) Degree
2 109 (6.39%) Security Cleared
3 92 (5.40%) SC Cleared
4 29 (1.70%) DV Cleared
5 24 (1.41%) Computer Science Degree
6 13 (0.76%) AWS Certification
7 12 (0.70%) PhD
8 9 (0.53%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 8 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
10 7 (0.41%) Master's Degree
10 7 (0.41%) VCAP
10 7 (0.41%) VCDX
10 7 (0.41%) VCP6
11 2 (0.12%) CISSP
11 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.12%) Postgraduate
12 1 (0.059%) CCNP
12 1 (0.059%) Cisco Certification
12 1 (0.059%) ITIL Certification
12 1 (0.059%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 97 (5.69%) QA
2 6 (0.35%) JTAG
2 6 (0.35%) SLA
3 5 (0.29%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.18%) GDPR
4 3 (0.18%) MiFID
5 2 (0.12%) COREP
5 2 (0.12%) CRD IV
5 2 (0.12%) Dublin Core
5 2 (0.12%) Good Clinical Practice
5 2 (0.12%) GxP
5 2 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.059%) IEC 62304
6 1 (0.059%) IFRS
6 1 (0.059%) ISO 13485
6 1 (0.059%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.059%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.059%) PMO
6 1 (0.059%) PSD2
6 1 (0.059%) WCAG
System Software
1 466 (27.33%) Docker
2 33 (1.94%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.65%) GridGain
4 9 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
4 9 (0.53%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.47%) HDFS
6 7 (0.41%) Virtual Desktop
6 7 (0.41%) vSphere
7 4 (0.23%) Platform Symphony
7 4 (0.23%) VMware NSX
8 3 (0.18%) GPFS
9 2 (0.12%) Ceph
9 2 (0.12%) NFS
10 1 (0.059%) etcd
10 1 (0.059%) Firmware
10 1 (0.059%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 482 (28.27%) Kubernetes
2 335 (19.65%) Terraform
3 57 (3.34%) Ansible
4 27 (1.58%) Prometheus
5 21 (1.23%) Opscode Chef
6 20 (1.17%) Puppet
7 18 (1.06%) Grafana
8 10 (0.59%) Graphite
9 7 (0.41%) Oozie
9 7 (0.41%) Zipkin
10 6 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
11 4 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
11 4 (0.23%) Salt
12 3 (0.18%) MIIS
12 3 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
13 2 (0.12%) Graylog
13 2 (0.12%) ITRS Geneos
13 2 (0.12%) Mesos
13 2 (0.12%) Nagios
13 2 (0.12%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 101 (5.92%) Oracle
2 70 (4.11%) Microsoft
3 41 (2.40%) MuleSoft
4 33 (1.94%) Bloomberg
5 28 (1.64%) Google
6 26 (1.52%) Splunk
7 18 (1.06%) SAP
7 18 (1.06%) VMware
8 17 (1.00%) IBM
9 15 (0.88%) Databricks
10 8 (0.47%) Apple
10 8 (0.47%) Cloudera
10 8 (0.47%) New Relic
10 8 (0.47%) Red Hat
11 7 (0.41%) Atlassian
11 7 (0.41%) Confluent
12 6 (0.35%) Solace
12 6 (0.35%) Talend
13 5 (0.29%) CA
13 5 (0.29%) CA Agile Central