Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Engineering
England > London
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 28 27 56
Rank change year-on-year -1 +29 +17
Contract jobs citing Software Engineering 2,396 1,007 1,653
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 6.60% 7.01% 4.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.23% 7.86% 5.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,933 820 1,078
10th Percentile £438 £425 £400
25th Percentile £500 £488 £469
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £575 £550
Median % change year-on-year - +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £694 £700 £638
90th Percentile £750 £800 £713
England median daily rate £550 £550 £500
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 10 26
10th Percentile £43.10 £31.55 £41.25
25th Percentile £45.15 £32.55 £44.44
Median hourly rate £57.50 £40.25 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +42.86% -19.50% +13.64%
75th Percentile £63.50 £49.60 £53.44
90th Percentile £73.30 £57.00 £55.00
England median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +8.06%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 33,127 12,816 32,480
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.29% 89.23% 88.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,991 9,223 23,797
10th Percentile £369 £320 £325
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £505 £515
Median % change year-on-year +8.91% -1.94% +3.00%
75th Percentile £650 £616 £600
90th Percentile £738 £713 £688
England median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - +1.28%
Number of hourly rates quoted 290 111 373
10th Percentile £15.73 £15.00 £12.04
25th Percentile £20.79 £20.25 £15.60
Median hourly rate £35.00 £34.13 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +2.56% +51.67% +12.50%
75th Percentile £53.75 £42.50 £44.97
90th Percentile £67.85 £52.50 £52.90
England median hourly rate £24.01 £25.33 £22.50
% change year-on-year -5.21% +12.58% +12.50%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Daily rate trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in London.

Hourly rate trend for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Engineering in London over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Engineering in London

Software Engineering
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the London region over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +21 293 £555 +0.91% 437
West London -5 32 £550 +8.91% 150
South London +7 28 £550 +17.33% 34
East London -5 13 £540 -6.09% 102
Software Engineering
England

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 1,369 (57.14%) Agile Software Development
2 1,050 (43.82%) AWS
3 830 (34.64%) JavaScript
4 818 (34.14%) Java
4 818 (34.14%) Finance
5 706 (29.47%) React
6 704 (29.38%) Python
7 646 (26.96%) Full Stack Development
8 619 (25.83%) Docker
9 612 (25.54%) Kubernetes
10 589 (24.58%) Azure
11 537 (22.41%) Node.js
12 514 (21.45%) Microservices
13 506 (21.12%) SQL
14 501 (20.91%) DevOps
15 495 (20.66%) TypeScript
16 487 (20.33%) Web Services
16 487 (20.33%) Serverless
17 476 (19.87%) Front Office
18 472 (19.70%) Asset Management
19 445 (18.57%) TDD
20 389 (16.24%) Terraform
21 380 (15.86%) Social Skills
22 363 (15.15%) AWS Lambda
23 351 (14.65%) Investment Management
24 342 (14.27%) C#
25 341 (14.23%) GCP
26 331 (13.81%) Git (software)
27 327 (13.65%) Scrum
28 302 (12.60%) Amazon DynamoDB

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (2.92%) Apache
2 50 (2.09%) Apache Spark
3 45 (1.88%) Apache Airflow
4 40 (1.67%) Confluence
5 39 (1.63%) Elasticsearch
6 31 (1.29%) Cloud Foundry
7 28 (1.17%) BizTalk Server
8 24 (1.00%) Tomcat
9 18 (0.75%) WebSphere
10 17 (0.71%) DataSynapse
11 13 (0.54%) nginx
12 12 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 11 (0.46%) IIS
13 11 (0.46%) SharePoint
14 10 (0.42%) OpenStack
15 9 (0.38%) Jetty
16 8 (0.33%) CMS
17 5 (0.21%) Headless CMS
17 5 (0.21%) Oracle Coherence
18 4 (0.17%) JBoss
Applications
1 4 (0.17%) Microsoft Excel
1 4 (0.17%) Photoshop
2 3 (0.13%) Figma
2 3 (0.13%) Sketch
2 3 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
3 2 (0.083%) Adobe XD
3 2 (0.083%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.042%) InVision
4 1 (0.042%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (0.17%) SunGard Martini
2 3 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.083%) Magento
3 2 (0.083%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
3 2 (0.083%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 2 (0.083%) Shopify
4 1 (0.042%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.042%) Eikon
4 1 (0.042%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.042%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.042%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.042%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.042%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.042%) Summit
4 1 (0.042%) SunGard GMI
Cloud Services
1 1,050 (43.82%) AWS
2 589 (24.58%) Azure
3 487 (20.33%) Serverless
4 363 (15.15%) AWS Lambda
5 341 (14.23%) GCP
6 281 (11.73%) Amazon S3
7 226 (9.43%) Amazon SQS
8 192 (8.01%) AWS Step Functions
9 83 (3.46%) Amazon EC2
10 61 (2.55%) Azure Functions
11 60 (2.50%) GitHub
12 58 (2.42%) Power Platform
13 52 (2.17%) AWS CloudFormation
14 48 (2.00%) IaaS
14 48 (2.00%) SaaS
15 41 (1.71%) PaaS
16 40 (1.67%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 38 (1.59%) npm
18 34 (1.42%) Azure Logic Apps
19 31 (1.29%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 61 (2.55%) HTTP
2 19 (0.79%) Kerberos
3 14 (0.58%) HTTPS
4 13 (0.54%) AMQP
4 13 (0.54%) MQTT
5 11 (0.46%) WAN
6 9 (0.38%) Wi-Fi
7 8 (0.33%) IPv4
8 7 (0.29%) BGP
8 7 (0.29%) DNS
8 7 (0.29%) Internet
8 7 (0.29%) IPv6
8 7 (0.29%) TCP/IP
8 7 (0.29%) Wireless
9 6 (0.25%) DHCP
9 6 (0.25%) Ethernet
10 5 (0.21%) Bluetooth
10 5 (0.21%) VPN
10 5 (0.21%) ZigBee
11 4 (0.17%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 302 (12.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 203 (8.47%) Amazon RDS
3 161 (6.72%) NoSQL
4 136 (5.68%) MongoDB
5 126 (5.26%) PostgreSQL
6 118 (4.92%) SQL Server
7 73 (3.05%) Relational Database
8 70 (2.92%) Big Data
9 56 (2.34%) MySQL
10 55 (2.30%) Redis
11 53 (2.21%) Power BI
12 36 (1.50%) QlikView
13 35 (1.46%) Azure SQL Database
13 35 (1.46%) Qlik Sense
14 34 (1.42%) Apache Ignite
15 33 (1.38%) Amazon Athena
16 31 (1.29%) Hadoop
17 27 (1.13%) Apache Hive
18 26 (1.09%) Data Warehouse
19 25 (1.04%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 331 (13.81%) Git (software)
2 278 (11.60%) Jenkins
3 114 (4.76%) JIRA
4 96 (4.01%) Maven
5 77 (3.21%) GitLab
6 74 (3.09%) JUnit
7 60 (2.50%) Gradle
8 57 (2.38%) Cucumber
9 53 (2.21%) Subversion
10 48 (2.00%) Mockito
11 43 (1.79%) Cypress.io
11 43 (1.79%) Mocha
12 41 (1.71%) webpack
13 38 (1.59%) TeamCity
14 35 (1.46%) Selenium
15 34 (1.42%) Visual Studio
16 30 (1.25%) JMeter
17 28 (1.17%) Sonatype Nexus
18 27 (1.13%) Bitbucket
19 24 (1.00%) IntelliJ
General
1 818 (34.14%) Finance
2 476 (19.87%) Front Office
3 380 (15.86%) Social Skills
4 223 (9.31%) Banking
5 123 (5.13%) Analytical Skills
6 92 (3.84%) Investment Banking
7 79 (3.30%) Public Sector
8 78 (3.26%) Marketing
9 53 (2.21%) Retail
10 45 (1.88%) Manufacturing
11 39 (1.63%) Presentation Skills
12 38 (1.59%) Telecoms
13 32 (1.34%) Influencing Skills
14 24 (1.00%) Back Office
14 24 (1.00%) Electronics
15 20 (0.83%) Law
16 18 (0.75%) Financial Institution
17 17 (0.71%) Retail Banking
18 15 (0.63%) Games
19 13 (0.54%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,199 (50.04%) Developer
2 801 (33.43%) Software Engineer
3 295 (12.31%) React Developer
4 290 (12.10%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 251 (10.48%) Java Developer
6 207 (8.64%) Python Developer
7 195 (8.14%) Java Engineer
8 192 (8.01%) AWS Engineer
9 189 (7.89%) Python Engineer
10 148 (6.18%) Full Stack Developer
11 147 (6.14%) AWS Developer
12 146 (6.09%) Senior Developer
13 145 (6.05%) AWS Software Engineer
14 135 (5.63%) Senior Software Engineer
15 128 (5.34%) Java Software Engineer
16 124 (5.18%) C# Developer
16 124 (5.18%) JavaScript Engineer
16 124 (5.18%) Python Software Engineer
17 123 (5.13%) JavaScript Developer
18 97 (4.05%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 706 (29.47%) React
2 537 (22.41%) Node.js
3 487 (20.33%) Web Services
4 293 (12.23%) .NET
5 280 (11.69%) AngularJS
6 255 (10.64%) Material-UI
7 244 (10.18%) REST
8 243 (10.14%) Kafka
9 230 (9.60%) Spring
10 196 (8.18%) HTML
11 166 (6.93%) Spring Boot
12 159 (6.64%) CSS
13 145 (6.05%) RESTful
14 144 (6.01%) Vue.js
15 141 (5.88%) .NET Core
16 125 (5.22%) GraphQL
17 107 (4.47%) HTML5
18 66 (2.75%) Redux
19 62 (2.59%) Jest
19 62 (2.59%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 184 (7.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 167 (6.97%) Derivative
2 167 (6.97%) Equities
3 157 (6.55%) User Experience
4 148 (6.18%) Fixed Income
5 116 (4.84%) Cloud Native
6 108 (4.51%) Hedge funds
7 93 (3.88%) Algorithms
8 92 (3.84%) Greenfield Project
9 69 (2.88%) Data Structures
10 48 (2.00%) Mobile App
11 37 (1.54%) Management Information System
12 36 (1.50%) Enterprise Software
12 36 (1.50%) Legacy Systems
13 34 (1.42%) Data Protection Act
14 33 (1.38%) Self-Motivation
15 32 (1.34%) Credit Derivative
16 31 (1.29%) Credit Risk
17 29 (1.21%) Public Cloud
18 22 (0.92%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 196 (8.18%) Linux
2 101 (4.22%) Windows
3 71 (2.96%) Unix
4 47 (1.96%) Apple iOS
5 41 (1.71%) Android
6 11 (0.46%) Windows Server
7 10 (0.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 7 (0.29%) Embedded Linux
8 7 (0.29%) Mac OS X
8 7 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
9 5 (0.21%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.13%) OpenWrt
11 2 (0.083%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.083%) Windows Server 2019
12 1 (0.042%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.042%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,369 (57.14%) Agile Software Development
2 646 (26.96%) Full Stack Development
3 514 (21.45%) Microservices
4 501 (20.91%) DevOps
5 472 (19.70%) Asset Management
6 445 (18.57%) TDD
7 351 (14.65%) Investment Management
8 327 (13.65%) Scrum
9 299 (12.48%) Test Automation
10 221 (9.22%) Analytics
11 205 (8.56%) SDLC
12 194 (8.10%) Problem-Solving
13 172 (7.18%) Continuous Integration
14 159 (6.64%) OO
15 145 (6.05%) BDD
15 145 (6.05%) Software Testing
16 143 (5.97%) Mentoring
17 131 (5.47%) Clean Code
18 130 (5.43%) Unit Testing
19 129 (5.38%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 830 (34.64%) JavaScript
2 818 (34.14%) Java
3 704 (29.38%) Python
4 506 (21.12%) SQL
5 495 (20.66%) TypeScript
6 342 (14.27%) C#
7 199 (8.31%) C++
7 199 (8.31%) Kotlin
8 139 (5.80%) Scala
9 110 (4.59%) Go
10 78 (3.26%) Java 8
11 68 (2.84%) PHP
12 54 (2.25%) PL/SQL
13 49 (2.05%) Java 11
14 48 (2.00%) Ruby
15 46 (1.92%) Bash Shell
16 41 (1.71%) C
16 41 (1.71%) T-SQL
17 30 (1.25%) Apple Swift
17 30 (1.25%) ES6
Qualifications
1 191 (7.97%) Degree
2 87 (3.63%) Security Cleared
3 69 (2.88%) SC Cleared
4 35 (1.46%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (0.88%) PhD
6 20 (0.83%) DV Cleared
7 15 (0.63%) Numerate Degree
8 11 (0.46%) AWS Certification
8 11 (0.46%) Cisco Certification
8 11 (0.46%) Master's Degree
9 6 (0.25%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 6 (0.25%) CISSP
10 5 (0.21%) Sun Certification
11 4 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
11 4 (0.17%) CCNA
11 4 (0.17%) DBS Check
11 4 (0.17%) ISTQB
11 4 (0.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 3 (0.13%) CISM
12 3 (0.13%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 142 (5.93%) QA
2 50 (2.09%) Accessibility
3 11 (0.46%) Data Quality
4 10 (0.42%) WCAG
5 9 (0.38%) GDPR
6 6 (0.25%) NIST
7 5 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.21%) PMO
7 5 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 5 (0.21%) SLA
8 4 (0.17%) MiFID
9 2 (0.083%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.042%) COBIT
10 1 (0.042%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.042%) EMIR
10 1 (0.042%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.042%) IEC 61508
10 1 (0.042%) JTAG
System Software
1 619 (25.83%) Docker
2 34 (1.42%) Active Directory
3 22 (0.92%) NFS
4 7 (0.29%) HDFS
5 5 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 4 (0.17%) iptables
6 4 (0.17%) KVM
6 4 (0.17%) Xen
7 3 (0.13%) Varnish
7 3 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
8 1 (0.042%) Firmware
8 1 (0.042%) IAG
8 1 (0.042%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.042%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.042%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 612 (25.54%) Kubernetes
2 389 (16.24%) Terraform
3 94 (3.92%) Ansible
4 79 (3.30%) Prometheus
5 72 (3.01%) Grafana
6 44 (1.84%) Puppet
7 16 (0.67%) Graphite
8 15 (0.63%) Single Sign-On
9 13 (0.54%) Kibana
9 13 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
10 12 (0.50%) Oozie
11 11 (0.46%) MIIS
12 7 (0.29%) ITRS Geneos
13 5 (0.21%) Bosun
13 5 (0.21%) Istio
13 5 (0.21%) Rancher
13 5 (0.21%) VictorOps
14 4 (0.17%) logstash
14 4 (0.17%) Netcool
15 3 (0.13%) Nagios
Vendors
1 123 (5.13%) Oracle
2 70 (2.92%) Microsoft
3 56 (2.34%) Google
4 38 (1.59%) Splunk
5 35 (1.46%) MuleSoft
6 29 (1.21%) New Relic
7 28 (1.17%) SAP
8 25 (1.04%) Databricks
9 19 (0.79%) Perfecto Mobile
10 17 (0.71%) Adobe
10 17 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
11 16 (0.67%) TOWER Software
12 15 (0.63%) Citrix
12 15 (0.63%) Confluent
13 13 (0.54%) CA
13 13 (0.54%) CA Agile Central
14 11 (0.46%) Xamarin
15 10 (0.42%) IBM
16 9 (0.38%) Atlassian
17 8 (0.33%) NetApp