Period
to 23 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 23 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil)
UK > England
6 months to
23 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 656 653 698
Rank change year-on-year -3 +45 +22
Contract jobs citing PhD 199 200 170
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.21% 0.22% 0.17%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.14% 1.15% 0.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 115 171 123
England median daily rate £600 £620 £575
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.23% +7.83% -4.17%
10th Percentile £408 £463 £388
90th Percentile £838 £850 £845
UK median daily rate £575 £620 £563
% change year-on-year -7.26% +10.22% -6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 4 2
England median hourly rate £44.00 £27.40 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +60.60% -39.12% +44.60%
10th Percentile £33.75 £16.64 £37.50
90th Percentile £51.25 £46.98 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £27.40 £45.00
% change year-on-year +60.60% -39.12% +65.59%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 17,507 17,399 20,514
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.52% 18.88% 21.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,372 10,640 12,788
England median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £250 £240 £250
90th Percentile £625 £600 £594
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 852 830 736
England median hourly rate £24.73 £25.92 £25.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.57% +1.63% +12.09%
10th Percentile £12.57 £12.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £51.00 £49.78 £48.38
UK median hourly rate £24.98 £27.50 £26.50
% change year-on-year -9.16% +3.77% +10.42%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 23 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -20 153 £625 - 124
North of England 0 14 £525 +10.53% 20
South East -12 12 £550 +22.22% 48
East of England +10 11 £329 -40.22% 69
Yorkshire +3 11 £513 +28.13% 10
Midlands -9 5 £388 -38.00% 16
North West -10 3 £575 +4.55% 3
West Midlands -22 3 £350 -44.00% 13
East Midlands - 2 £425 - 3
South West -18 1 £525 - 18
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 23 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 126 (63.32%) Python
2 112 (56.28%) Data Science
3 101 (50.75%) Machine Learning
4 100 (50.25%) Mathematics
5 78 (39.20%) Computer Science
6 73 (36.68%) Analytics
7 69 (34.67%) Degree
8 63 (31.66%) Finance
9 59 (29.65%) R
10 55 (27.64%) Algorithms
11 54 (27.14%) C++
12 44 (22.11%) Statistics
13 42 (21.11%) Deep Learning
14 40 (20.10%) Natural Language Processing
14 40 (20.10%) Analytical Skills
15 38 (19.10%) Hadoop
15 38 (19.10%) SQL
16 37 (18.59%) Big Data
17 33 (16.58%) TensorFlow
18 30 (15.08%) Artificial Intelligence
19 28 (14.07%) Agile Software Development
20 27 (13.57%) Problem-Solving
21 25 (12.56%) Apache Spark
21 25 (12.56%) Visualisation
22 24 (12.06%) Physics
22 24 (12.06%) Keras
22 24 (12.06%) Master's Degree
23 23 (11.56%) Convolutional Neural Network
23 23 (11.56%) Amazon AWS
23 23 (11.56%) Banking

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (12.56%) Apache Spark
2 8 (4.02%) SAS
3 5 (2.51%) SharePoint
4 4 (2.01%) nginx
5 3 (1.51%) Apache Pig
5 3 (1.51%) OpenStack
6 2 (1.01%) Apache
6 2 (1.01%) CMS
6 2 (1.01%) Elasticsearch
6 2 (1.01%) Jupyter
7 1 (0.50%) Apache Airflow
7 1 (0.50%) Apache Solr
7 1 (0.50%) Jadu
7 1 (0.50%) Luigi
Applications
1 10 (5.03%) Chatbot
2 9 (4.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (4.52%) Spreadsheet
3 2 (1.01%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 1 (0.50%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 23 (11.56%) Amazon AWS
2 13 (6.53%) Microsoft Azure
3 11 (5.53%) Google Cloud Platform
4 10 (5.03%) Cloud Computing
5 3 (1.51%) IaaS
5 3 (1.51%) PaaS
6 2 (1.01%) Amazon EMR
6 2 (1.01%) GitHub
7 1 (0.50%) Amazon S3
7 1 (0.50%) Azure Data Factory
7 1 (0.50%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 5 (2.51%) Wireless
2 4 (2.01%) Internet
3 3 (1.51%) 3G
3 3 (1.51%) LTE
3 3 (1.51%) TCP/IP
3 3 (1.51%) VoLTE
4 2 (1.01%) 3GPP
4 2 (1.01%) 5G
4 2 (1.01%) MIMO
4 2 (1.01%) Radio Access Network
5 1 (0.50%) 4G
5 1 (0.50%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (19.10%) Hadoop
2 37 (18.59%) Big Data
3 17 (8.54%) MongoDB
4 16 (8.04%) NoSQL
5 15 (7.54%) Data Mining
6 14 (7.04%) Apache Hive
7 13 (6.53%) HBase
8 12 (6.03%) Apache Cassandra
9 11 (5.53%) Sqoop
10 9 (4.52%) SQL Server
11 8 (4.02%) Relational Database
12 7 (3.52%) Impala
13 3 (1.51%) KNIME
13 3 (1.51%) Power BI
14 2 (1.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 2 (1.01%) PostgreSQL
14 2 (1.01%) QlikView
15 1 (0.50%) KDB
15 1 (0.50%) SAP HANA
15 1 (0.50%) Spotfire
Development Applications
1 10 (5.03%) Git (software)
2 1 (0.50%) JIRA
2 1 (0.50%) Visual Studio
2 1 (0.50%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 63 (31.66%) Finance
2 23 (11.56%) Banking
3 16 (8.04%) Front Office
3 16 (8.04%) Investment Banking
3 16 (8.04%) Marketing
4 6 (3.02%) Advertising
5 5 (2.51%) Financial Institution
6 4 (2.01%) Law
6 4 (2.01%) Retail
7 3 (1.51%) Arabic Language
7 3 (1.51%) Games
7 3 (1.51%) Hindi Language
7 3 (1.51%) Pharmaceutical
7 3 (1.51%) Publishing
8 2 (1.01%) Indonesian Language
8 2 (1.01%) Legal
8 2 (1.01%) Malayalam Language
8 2 (1.01%) Tamil Language
9 1 (0.50%) Aerospace
9 1 (0.50%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 100 (50.25%) Data Scientist
2 41 (20.60%) Developer
3 32 (16.08%) Quantitative Developer
4 18 (9.05%) C# Developer
5 17 (8.54%) C# Quant Developer
6 13 (6.53%) C# Pricing Developer
6 13 (6.53%) Pricing Developer
7 9 (4.52%) Analyst
7 9 (4.52%) C++ Developer
7 9 (4.52%) Excel Developer
8 8 (4.02%) Qualitative Analyst
8 8 (4.02%) Quantitative Analyst
9 7 (3.52%) Computer Scientist
9 7 (3.52%) Computer Vision Scientist
9 7 (3.52%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 6 (3.02%) Analyst Developer
10 6 (3.02%) C++ Quantitative Developer
10 6 (3.02%) Machine Learning Engineer
10 6 (3.02%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
10 6 (3.02%) Senior Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (20.10%) Natural Language Processing
2 33 (16.58%) TensorFlow
3 24 (12.06%) Keras
4 15 (7.54%) Caffe
5 13 (6.53%) Kafka
6 11 (5.53%) Pandas
7 10 (5.03%) .NET
8 9 (4.52%) ASP.NET
8 9 (4.52%) ASP.NET Core
8 9 (4.52%) NumPy
8 9 (4.52%) Theano
9 8 (4.02%) OpenCV
10 7 (3.52%) scikit-learn
11 6 (3.02%) Flask
12 3 (1.51%) SciPy
12 3 (1.51%) SpaCy
13 2 (1.01%) Matplotlib
13 2 (1.01%) OpenNLP
13 2 (1.01%) PySpark
13 2 (1.01%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 78 (39.20%) Computer Science
2 55 (27.64%) Algorithms
3 40 (20.10%) Analytical Skills
4 19 (9.55%) Derivative
5 16 (8.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 15 (7.54%) Hedge funds
7 11 (5.53%) Credit Derivative
8 8 (4.02%) Fixed Income
9 7 (3.52%) User Experience
10 5 (2.51%) Acoustics
10 5 (2.51%) Data Structures
11 4 (2.01%) Life Science
11 4 (2.01%) Virtual Team
12 3 (1.51%) Data Centre
12 3 (1.51%) GPGPU
12 3 (1.51%) RIA
12 3 (1.51%) Self-Motivation
13 2 (1.01%) Augmented Reality
13 2 (1.01%) CUDA
13 2 (1.01%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 21 (10.55%) Linux
2 7 (3.52%) Unix
3 1 (0.50%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 112 (56.28%) Data Science
2 101 (50.75%) Machine Learning
3 100 (50.25%) Mathematics
4 73 (36.68%) Analytics
5 44 (22.11%) Statistics
6 42 (21.11%) Deep Learning
7 30 (15.08%) Artificial Intelligence
8 28 (14.07%) Agile Software Development
9 27 (13.57%) Problem-Solving
10 25 (12.56%) Visualisation
11 24 (12.06%) Physics
12 23 (11.56%) Convolutional Neural Network
13 20 (10.05%) Neural Network
13 20 (10.05%) Prototyping
14 17 (8.54%) Computer Vision
14 17 (8.54%) Random Forest
15 15 (7.54%) Creative Problem-Solving
15 15 (7.54%) Predictive Modelling
16 14 (7.04%) Software Engineering
17 13 (6.53%) Applied Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 126 (63.32%) Python
2 59 (29.65%) R
3 54 (27.14%) C++
4 38 (19.10%) SQL
5 22 (11.06%) MATLAB
6 21 (10.55%) C#
7 20 (10.05%) Java
8 18 (9.05%) Scala
9 10 (5.03%) VBA
10 8 (4.02%) C
11 6 (3.02%) Perl
12 4 (2.01%) Ada
12 4 (2.01%) JavaScript
13 2 (1.01%) Bash Shell
14 1 (0.50%) Fortran
14 1 (0.50%) VB
Qualifications
1 69 (34.67%) Degree
2 24 (12.06%) Master's Degree
3 14 (7.04%) Numerate Degree
4 9 (4.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (1.01%) Security Cleared
6 1 (0.50%) MBA
6 1 (0.50%) SC Cleared
6 1 (0.50%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (10.05%) QA
2 14 (7.04%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.50%) EMIR
3 1 (0.50%) GDPR
3 1 (0.50%) IFRS
3 1 (0.50%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 11 (5.53%) Apache Flume
2 7 (3.52%) Docker
3 4 (2.01%) HDFS
4 1 (0.50%) Firmware
4 1 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 3 (1.51%) Netcool
1 3 (1.51%) NSN NetAct
1 3 (1.51%) OpenView
1 3 (1.51%) TeMIP
2 2 (1.01%) Kubernetes
3 1 (0.50%) Kibana
3 1 (0.50%) Oozie
Vendors
1 14 (7.04%) Microsoft
2 13 (6.53%) Google
3 12 (6.03%) Hortonworks
4 8 (4.02%) Tableau
5 5 (2.51%) Oracle
6 2 (1.01%) Databricks
6 2 (1.01%) Dataiku
6 2 (1.01%) Facebook
6 2 (1.01%) Nokia
7 1 (0.50%) Alteryx
7 1 (0.50%) BMC
7 1 (0.50%) Cloudera
7 1 (0.50%) Remedy
7 1 (0.50%) SAP
7 1 (0.50%) VMware