Period
to 18 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 18 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 596 620 624
Rank change year-on-year +24 +4 +48
Contract jobs citing PhD 250 232 214
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.28% 0.25% 0.24%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.42% 1.34% 1.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 166 179 156
England median daily rate £581 £620 £620
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.25% - -4.62%
10th Percentile £325 £425 £419
90th Percentile £838 £776 £825
UK median daily rate £575 £620 £620
% change year-on-year -7.26% - -4.62%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 5 5
England median hourly rate £44.50 £45.00 £33.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.11% +36.36% -50.58%
10th Percentile £34.36 £31.70 £27.75
90th Percentile £53.75 £70.00 £49.56
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £45.00 £33.00
% change year-on-year -1.11% +36.36% -1.64%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 17,551 17,313 18,181
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 19.47% 18.88% 20.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,519 10,611 11,451
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £263 £230 £250
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 804 785 828
England median hourly rate £30.00 £25.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% -9.09% +3.13%
10th Percentile £12.55 £12.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.15 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £30.00 £25.00 £27.19
% change year-on-year +20.00% -8.05% -1.13%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 18 February 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 18 February 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 18 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +12 200 £600 -4.00% 103
East of England +14 18 £375 -0.13% 89
South East -9 13 £488 +1.67% 37
Midlands -6 8 £450 -28.00% 7
North of England -15 8 £513 +2.50% 24
Yorkshire -5 7 £513 - 7
West Midlands -11 5 £400 -36.00% 7
East Midlands - 3 £488 -
South West -33 2 £600 - 14
North West -15 1 - - 10
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 18 February 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 177 (70.80%) Python
2 149 (59.60%) Data Science
3 127 (50.80%) Mathematics
4 125 (50.00%) Machine Learning
5 113 (45.20%) Computer Science
6 112 (44.80%) Degree
7 92 (36.80%) Analytics
8 72 (28.80%) C++
9 71 (28.40%) Finance
10 64 (25.60%) R
11 62 (24.80%) Algorithms
12 60 (24.00%) Statistics
13 57 (22.80%) SQL
13 57 (22.80%) TensorFlow
14 55 (22.00%) C#
15 53 (21.20%) Analytical Skills
16 52 (20.80%) Apache Spark
16 52 (20.80%) Deep Learning
16 52 (20.80%) Hadoop
17 50 (20.00%) Master's Degree
18 47 (18.80%) Physics
19 45 (18.00%) Agile Software Development
20 44 (17.60%) Problem-Solving
21 43 (17.20%) Amazon AWS
22 40 (16.00%) Big Data
23 38 (15.20%) Artificial Intelligence
23 38 (15.20%) Software Engineering
24 36 (14.40%) MATLAB
25 34 (13.60%) Banking
25 34 (13.60%) Microsoft Azure

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (20.80%) Apache Spark
2 20 (8.00%) SAS
3 11 (4.40%) SharePoint
4 5 (2.00%) Apache
5 4 (1.60%) Jupyter
6 3 (1.20%) Apache Pig
7 2 (0.80%) Apache Airflow
8 1 (0.40%) Apache Solr
8 1 (0.40%) Confluence
8 1 (0.40%) Exchange Server 2007
8 1 (0.40%) Luigi
8 1 (0.40%) MS Exchange
8 1 (0.40%) OpenStack
8 1 (0.40%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 15 (6.00%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (5.60%) Spreadsheet
3 8 (3.20%) Chatbot
4 4 (1.60%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.80%) GNU Octave
5 2 (0.80%) LaTeX
5 2 (0.80%) Maya
6 1 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
6 1 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.40%) SPSS
6 1 (0.40%) Stata
Business Applications
1 2 (0.80%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.40%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.40%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 43 (17.20%) Amazon AWS
2 34 (13.60%) Microsoft Azure
3 22 (8.80%) Google Cloud Platform
4 10 (4.00%) Azure Active Directory
4 10 (4.00%) Mimecast
5 9 (3.60%) Amazon EMR
6 4 (1.60%) Cloud Computing
7 3 (1.20%) Azure Machine Learning
7 3 (1.20%) PaaS
7 3 (1.20%) Serverless
8 2 (0.80%) GitHub
9 1 (0.40%) Office 365
9 1 (0.40%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 5 (2.00%) Internet
2 2 (0.80%) DVB
3 1 (0.40%) Cisco ASA
3 1 (0.40%) DHCP
3 1 (0.40%) DNS
3 1 (0.40%) Firewall
3 1 (0.40%) SAN
3 1 (0.40%) SNMP
3 1 (0.40%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.40%) VoIP
3 1 (0.40%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (20.80%) Hadoop
2 40 (16.00%) Big Data
3 30 (12.00%) Apache Hive
4 19 (7.60%) NoSQL
5 17 (6.80%) Data Mining
6 15 (6.00%) SQL Server
7 14 (5.60%) MongoDB
8 13 (5.20%) Relational Database
9 10 (4.00%) Data Warehouse
10 9 (3.60%) MySQL
10 9 (3.60%) Sqoop
11 8 (3.20%) PostgreSQL
12 7 (2.80%) Apache Cassandra
12 7 (2.80%) Text Mining
13 4 (1.60%) BigQuery
13 4 (1.60%) HBase
13 4 (1.60%) Impala
13 4 (1.60%) Power BI
14 3 (1.20%) Geospatial Data
14 3 (1.20%) Presto
Development Applications
1 10 (4.00%) Git (software)
2 4 (1.60%) ERwin
3 3 (1.20%) Visual Studio
4 2 (0.80%) Team Foundation Server
5 1 (0.40%) Codeception
5 1 (0.40%) Jenkins
5 1 (0.40%) JIRA
General
1 71 (28.40%) Finance
2 34 (13.60%) Banking
3 26 (10.40%) Marketing
4 21 (8.40%) Investment Banking
5 17 (6.80%) Front Office
6 15 (6.00%) Retail
7 5 (2.00%) Electronics
7 5 (2.00%) Games
7 5 (2.00%) Legal
7 5 (2.00%) Pharmaceutical
8 4 (1.60%) Law
9 3 (1.20%) Advertising
9 3 (1.20%) Arabic Language
9 3 (1.20%) Financial Institution
9 3 (1.20%) Hindi Language
9 3 (1.20%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.80%) Indonesian Language
10 2 (0.80%) Malayalam Language
10 2 (0.80%) Tamil Language
10 2 (0.80%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 108 (43.20%) Data Scientist
2 52 (20.80%) Developer
3 40 (16.00%) Quantitative Developer
4 27 (10.80%) C# Developer
5 23 (9.20%) Analyst
6 21 (8.40%) C# Quant Developer
7 17 (6.80%) C# Pricing Developer
7 17 (6.80%) Pricing Developer
8 14 (5.60%) Excel Developer
8 14 (5.60%) Software Engineer
9 13 (5.20%) C++ Developer
10 10 (4.00%) C++ Quantitative Developer
10 10 (4.00%) C++ Software Engineer
10 10 (4.00%) Computer Engineer
10 10 (4.00%) Computer Vision Engineer
10 10 (4.00%) Security Analyst
11 9 (3.60%) Computer Scientist
11 9 (3.60%) Computer Vision Scientist
12 8 (3.20%) Senior Analyst
13 7 (2.80%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 57 (22.80%) TensorFlow
2 33 (13.20%) Natural Language Processing
3 29 (11.60%) Caffe
4 26 (10.40%) Keras
5 20 (8.00%) NumPy
6 19 (7.60%) .NET
6 19 (7.60%) PySpark
7 18 (7.20%) Theano
8 17 (6.80%) OpenCV
8 17 (6.80%) Torch
9 14 (5.60%) ASP.NET
9 14 (5.60%) ASP.NET Core
10 13 (5.20%) Kafka
11 12 (4.80%) SciPy
12 11 (4.40%) Matplotlib
12 11 (4.40%) Pandas
13 10 (4.00%) MXNet
13 10 (4.00%) Unity (Game Engine)
13 10 (4.00%) Unreal Engine
14 7 (2.80%) MLlib
Miscellaneous
1 62 (24.80%) Algorithms
2 53 (21.20%) Analytical Skills
3 27 (10.80%) Derivative
4 18 (7.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 17 (6.80%) Hedge funds
6 16 (6.40%) Credit Derivative
6 16 (6.40%) User Experience
7 15 (6.00%) Self-Motivation
8 14 (5.60%) Fixed Income
9 12 (4.80%) Data Structures
10 11 (4.40%) Management Information System
11 10 (4.00%) Robotics
12 6 (2.40%) Credit Risk
13 4 (1.60%) Fintech
14 3 (1.20%) Acoustics
14 3 (1.20%) Analytical Mindset
14 3 (1.20%) Cloud Native
14 3 (1.20%) FMCG
14 3 (1.20%) Greenfield Project
14 3 (1.20%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 28 (11.20%) Linux
2 19 (7.60%) Windows
3 4 (1.60%) Solaris
3 4 (1.60%) Unix
4 2 (0.80%) Embedded Linux
5 1 (0.40%) Windows 10
5 1 (0.40%) Windows Server
5 1 (0.40%) Windows Server 2003
5 1 (0.40%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 149 (59.60%) Data Science
2 127 (50.80%) Mathematics
3 125 (50.00%) Machine Learning
4 113 (45.20%) Computer Science
5 92 (36.80%) Analytics
6 60 (24.00%) Statistics
7 52 (20.80%) Deep Learning
8 47 (18.80%) Physics
9 45 (18.00%) Agile Software Development
10 44 (17.60%) Problem-Solving
11 38 (15.20%) Artificial Intelligence
11 38 (15.20%) Software Engineering
12 29 (11.60%) Neural Network
13 28 (11.20%) Data Analysis
13 28 (11.20%) Visualisation
14 26 (10.40%) Data Visualisation
15 23 (9.20%) Computer Vision
16 21 (8.40%) ETL
17 20 (8.00%) Prototyping
18 19 (7.60%) Statistical Modelling
Programming Languages
1 177 (70.80%) Python
2 72 (28.80%) C++
3 64 (25.60%) R
4 57 (22.80%) SQL
5 55 (22.00%) C#
6 36 (14.40%) MATLAB
7 29 (11.60%) Java
8 19 (7.60%) Scala
9 15 (6.00%) VBA
10 12 (4.80%) C
11 5 (2.00%) Perl
12 3 (1.20%) Ada
12 3 (1.20%) PowerShell
13 2 (0.80%) JavaScript
13 2 (0.80%) SPARQL
13 2 (0.80%) XAML
14 1 (0.40%) Julia
14 1 (0.40%) PHP
14 1 (0.40%) PHP 7
14 1 (0.40%) VB
Qualifications
1 112 (44.80%) Degree
2 50 (20.00%) Master's Degree
3 23 (9.20%) Numerate Degree
4 15 (6.00%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (4.00%) CISA
5 10 (4.00%) CISM
5 10 (4.00%) CISSP
5 10 (4.00%) GCFA
5 10 (4.00%) GCIH
6 4 (1.60%) Security Cleared
7 2 (0.80%) CFA
7 2 (0.80%) MBA
7 2 (0.80%) SC Cleared
8 1 (0.40%) PMI Certification
8 1 (0.40%) PMP
8 1 (0.40%) Postgraduate
8 1 (0.40%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (4.00%) QA
2 6 (2.40%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.40%) EMIR
3 1 (0.40%) GDPR
System Software
1 11 (4.40%) Active Directory
2 7 (2.80%) Apache Flume
3 4 (1.60%) Docker
4 2 (0.80%) HDFS
5 1 (0.40%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.40%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.40%) vSphere
5 1 (0.40%) XenApp
5 1 (0.40%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 10 (4.00%) CASB
2 3 (1.20%) Kubernetes
3 2 (0.80%) Ansible
4 1 (0.40%) Oozie
4 1 (0.40%) Terraform
Vendors
1 32 (12.80%) Google
2 22 (8.80%) Microsoft
3 13 (5.20%) Hortonworks
4 11 (4.40%) Oracle
4 11 (4.40%) Tableau
5 10 (4.00%) Cloudera
5 10 (4.00%) Darktrace
5 10 (4.00%) Thycotic
6 2 (0.80%) Facebook
6 2 (0.80%) Salesforce.com
6 2 (0.80%) SAP
7 1 (0.40%) Cerner
7 1 (0.40%) Cisco
7 1 (0.40%) Citrix
7 1 (0.40%) EMC
7 1 (0.40%) HP
7 1 (0.40%) IBM
7 1 (0.40%) Intel
7 1 (0.40%) Teradata
7 1 (0.40%) VMware