Period
to 13 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 13 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PhD
UK > England
6 months to
13 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 654 688 713
Rank change year-on-year +34 +25 +49
Contract jobs citing PhD 212 175 154
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.22% 0.18% 0.15%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.19% 0.90% 0.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 181 127 100
England median daily rate £625 £600 £600
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% - -2.04%
10th Percentile £453 £363 £363
90th Percentile £838 £835 £775
UK median daily rate £620 £600 £600
% change year-on-year +3.33% - -2.04%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 4 5
England median hourly rate £30.50 £41.01 £33.55
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.63% +22.24% +11.83%
10th Percentile £16.64 £33.34 £26.87
90th Percentile £46.80 £52.50 £100.00
UK median hourly rate £30.50 £41.01 £28.69
% change year-on-year -25.63% +42.94% -4.37%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 17857 19476 20680
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.78% 20.29% 20.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 10982 12195 12662
England median daily rate £432 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.71% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £230 £243 £250
90th Percentile £613 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £418 £400
% change year-on-year +1.80% +4.38% +1.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 814 779 995
England median hourly rate £25.00 £25.50 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.96% +6.25% +26.32%
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.25 £11.50
90th Percentile £49.75 £47.50 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £25.83 £26.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year -0.65% +4.00% +31.58%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 13 December 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 13 December 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 13 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +19 176 £650 +10.64% 58
East of England -14 15 £550 +83.33% 57
South East -15 14 £500 -33.33% 30
Midlands +22 4 £625 +184.09% 3
West Midlands +19 4 £625 +184.09% 2
North of England +47 3 £475 -1.30% 8
North West +11 2 £550 +15.79% 6
Yorkshire +21 1 £400 -23.81% 2
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 13 December 2017, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 107 (50.47%) C++
2 105 (49.53%) Python
3 98 (46.23%) Mathematics
4 82 (38.68%) Java
5 81 (38.21%) Finance
6 72 (33.96%) Computer Science
7 71 (33.49%) Physics
8 65 (30.66%) Analytical Skills
9 64 (30.19%) Machine Learning
9 64 (30.19%) Front Office
10 60 (28.30%) Algorithms
11 54 (25.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 54 (25.47%) Analytics
12 51 (24.06%) OO
13 48 (22.64%) Degree
13 48 (22.64%) R
14 41 (19.34%) Banking
15 40 (18.87%) Statistics
15 40 (18.87%) SQL
15 40 (18.87%) Linux
16 38 (17.92%) Apache Spark
16 38 (17.92%) Quantitative Research
17 36 (16.98%) Hadoop
18 35 (16.51%) Low Latency
18 35 (16.51%) Big Data
19 32 (15.09%) Investment Banking
20 28 (13.21%) C#
20 28 (13.21%) Algorithmic Trading
20 28 (13.21%) Multithreading
21 26 (12.26%) OOP

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (17.92%) Apache Spark
2 10 (4.72%) Apache Airflow
2 10 (4.72%) Luigi
3 4 (1.89%) Apache Solr
3 4 (1.89%) Elasticsearch
4 1 (0.47%) Apache Pig
4 1 (0.47%) Jupyter
4 1 (0.47%) OpenStack
4 1 (0.47%) SAS
Applications
1 10 (4.72%) Pipeline Pilot
2 1 (0.47%) GNU Octave
2 1 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.47%) Simulink
Cloud Services
1 11 (5.19%) Google Cloud Platform
2 9 (4.25%) Amazon AWS
2 9 (4.25%) Microsoft Azure
3 5 (2.36%) GitHub
4 1 (0.47%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 5 (2.36%) TCP/IP
2 1 (0.47%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 36 (16.98%) Hadoop
2 35 (16.51%) Big Data
3 18 (8.49%) Data Mining
4 15 (7.08%) Geospatial Data
5 10 (4.72%) KNIME
6 9 (4.25%) KDB
7 7 (3.30%) NoSQL
8 4 (1.89%) Apache Hive
8 4 (1.89%) BigQuery
9 3 (1.42%) Cloudera CDH
9 3 (1.42%) HBase
9 3 (1.42%) Text Mining
10 2 (0.94%) Oracle Database
10 2 (0.94%) Oracle Database 11g
10 2 (0.94%) Relational Database
11 1 (0.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 1 (0.47%) Impala
11 1 (0.47%) MongoDB
11 1 (0.47%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 1 (0.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 15 (7.08%) Git (software)
2 10 (4.72%) Subversion
3 4 (1.89%) Eclipse
3 4 (1.89%) JIRA
3 4 (1.89%) Visual Studio
4 1 (0.47%) RStudio
4 1 (0.47%) Xcode
General
1 81 (38.21%) Finance
2 64 (30.19%) Front Office
3 41 (19.34%) Banking
4 32 (15.09%) Investment Banking
5 23 (10.85%) Financial Institution
6 19 (8.96%) Retail
7 11 (5.19%) Marketing
8 4 (1.89%) Legal
8 4 (1.89%) Manufacturing
8 4 (1.89%) Pharmaceutical
9 2 (0.94%) Advertising
9 2 (0.94%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.47%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.47%) Automotive
10 1 (0.47%) Electronics
10 1 (0.47%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 114 (53.77%) Developer
2 58 (27.36%) Data Scientist
3 55 (25.94%) Quantitative Developer
4 38 (17.92%) Java Developer
5 37 (17.45%) C++ Developer
6 26 (12.26%) Python Developer
7 24 (11.32%) C++ Quantitative Developer
8 18 (8.49%) Analyst
9 17 (8.02%) Algorithmic Trading Developer
9 17 (8.02%) Java Quantitative Developer
10 15 (7.08%) Credit Risk Developer
10 15 (7.08%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
10 15 (7.08%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 14 (6.60%) C++/Java Developer
12 13 (6.13%) Qualitative Analyst
12 13 (6.13%) Quantitative Analyst
12 13 (6.13%) Senior Developer
13 9 (4.25%) C# Developer
13 9 (4.25%) C# Quant Developer
13 9 (4.25%) Credit Risk C++ Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 12 (5.66%) .NET
1 12 (5.66%) TensorFlow
2 11 (5.19%) Keras
3 10 (4.72%) JSON
3 10 (4.72%) PySpark
3 10 (4.72%) RESTful
3 10 (4.72%) Theano
3 10 (4.72%) XML
4 9 (4.25%) Natural Language Processing
5 8 (3.77%) Pandas
6 5 (2.36%) D3.js
6 5 (2.36%) ggplot
7 4 (1.89%) Apache Thrift
7 4 (1.89%) Bokeh
7 4 (1.89%) Lucene
7 4 (1.89%) Protocol Buffers
7 4 (1.89%) Seaborn
8 3 (1.42%) Spring
9 2 (0.94%) Kafka
10 1 (0.47%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 72 (33.96%) Computer Science
2 65 (30.66%) Analytical Skills
3 60 (28.30%) Algorithms
4 54 (25.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 25 (11.79%) Data Structures
6 16 (7.55%) Credit Risk
7 10 (4.72%) Life Science
8 9 (4.25%) Market Risk
9 6 (2.83%) Fixed Income
9 6 (2.83%) Optoelectronics
10 5 (2.36%) Hedge funds
11 4 (1.89%) Equities
11 4 (1.89%) Music Streaming
12 3 (1.42%) Derivative
12 3 (1.42%) e-Learning
13 2 (0.94%) Learning Management System
13 2 (0.94%) SCORM
14 1 (0.47%) Augmented Reality
14 1 (0.47%) CUDA
14 1 (0.47%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 40 (18.87%) Linux
2 12 (5.66%) Unix
3 1 (0.47%) Apple iOS
3 1 (0.47%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 98 (46.23%) Mathematics
2 71 (33.49%) Physics
3 64 (30.19%) Machine Learning
4 54 (25.47%) Analytics
5 51 (24.06%) OO
6 40 (18.87%) Statistics
7 38 (17.92%) Quantitative Research
8 35 (16.51%) Low Latency
9 28 (13.21%) Algorithmic Trading
9 28 (13.21%) Multithreading
10 26 (12.26%) OOP
11 22 (10.38%) Project Management
11 22 (10.38%) TDD
12 21 (9.91%) Market Making
13 20 (9.43%) Electronic Trading
14 18 (8.49%) Data Analysis
15 17 (8.02%) Continuous Improvement
15 17 (8.02%) Validation
16 16 (7.55%) Neural Network
16 16 (7.55%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 107 (50.47%) C++
2 105 (49.53%) Python
3 82 (38.68%) Java
4 48 (22.64%) R
5 40 (18.87%) SQL
6 28 (13.21%) C#
7 15 (7.08%) Scala
8 13 (6.13%) Perl
8 13 (6.13%) Ruby
9 8 (3.77%) C
10 5 (2.36%) JavaScript
11 4 (1.89%) MATLAB
11 4 (1.89%) PHP
11 4 (1.89%) Shell Script
12 2 (0.94%) Bash Shell
12 2 (0.94%) VB
12 2 (0.94%) VBA
13 1 (0.47%) Cypher
Qualifications
1 48 (22.64%) Degree
2 5 (2.36%) Computer Science Degree
2 5 (2.36%) Numerate Degree
3 4 (1.89%) Sun Certification
4 2 (0.94%) Master's Degree
4 2 (0.94%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (5.66%) EMIR
2 6 (2.83%) ISO 9001
3 2 (0.94%) Data Quality
System Software
1 3 (1.42%) Docker
2 1 (0.47%) Ceph
2 1 (0.47%) GPFS
Systems Management
1 5 (2.36%) Hadoop YARN
2 2 (0.94%) Kubernetes
3 1 (0.47%) Ansible
3 1 (0.47%) CFEngine
3 1 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
3 1 (0.47%) Puppet
3 1 (0.47%) Salt
Vendors
1 11 (5.19%) Google
2 10 (4.72%) Netezza
2 10 (4.72%) RapidMiner
3 9 (4.25%) Tableau
4 6 (2.83%) Huawei
5 4 (1.89%) MicroStrategy
6 3 (1.42%) Hortonworks
6 3 (1.42%) Microsoft
6 3 (1.42%) Oracle
7 1 (0.47%) Alteryx
7 1 (0.47%) Apple
7 1 (0.47%) Facebook
7 1 (0.47%) ION Trading
7 1 (0.47%) Twitter