Period
to 27 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 27 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK > England
6 months to
27 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 510 578 665
Rank change year-on-year +68 +87 -30
Contract jobs citing PhD 86 250 201
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.20% 0.30% 0.22%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.87% 1.58% 1.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 35 177 145
Median daily rate £500 £575 £575
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -13.04% - -7.26%
10th Percentile £365 £325 £413
90th Percentile £688 £825 £775
UK median daily rate £475 £550 £575
% change year-on-year -13.64% -4.35% -7.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 7 8
Median hourly rate £57.50 £47.50 £33.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.05% +42.86% -5.03%
10th Percentile £51.25 £20.08 £28.42
90th Percentile £66.75 £53.75 £58.75
UK median hourly rate £57.50 £47.50 £33.25
% change year-on-year +21.05% +42.86% -5.03%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 9,838 15,871 17,545
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 23.34% 19.14% 19.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,858 9,643 10,480
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £270 £270 £250
90th Percentile £650 £650 £632
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 436 695 781
Median hourly rate £35.00 £33.40 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.79% +33.60% -16.67%
10th Percentile £15.38 £13.00 £12.50
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £33.40 £25.00
% change year-on-year +4.79% +33.60% -16.67%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PhD in England.

Daily rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 27 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PhD in England.

Hourly rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 27 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 27 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +31 45 £475 -24.00% 41
South East +132 19 £500 +2.56% 18
East of England +47 16 £500 +16.28% 24
North of England +97 4 £463 -38.33% 6
South West +57 2 £400 -33.33% 17
North West +49 2 £488 -35.00% 5
Yorkshire - 2 £450 - 1
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 27 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 56 (65.12%) Data Science
2 54 (62.79%) Computer Science
3 53 (61.63%) Python
4 50 (58.14%) Machine Learning
5 47 (54.65%) Mathematics
6 36 (41.86%) Statistics
6 36 (41.86%) Degree
7 32 (37.21%) Artificial Intelligence
8 28 (32.56%) Analytics
9 26 (30.23%) Agile Software Development
10 23 (26.74%) Physics
11 20 (23.26%) Visualisation
12 19 (22.09%) Deep Learning
12 19 (22.09%) Statistical Modelling
13 17 (19.77%) Open Source
13 17 (19.77%) TensorFlow
13 17 (19.77%) Data Mining
14 16 (18.60%) Algorithms
15 15 (17.44%) Apache Spark
15 15 (17.44%) Pandas
15 15 (17.44%) Azure
15 15 (17.44%) Master's Degree
16 14 (16.28%) Analytical Skills
16 14 (16.28%) C++
16 14 (16.28%) SQL
17 13 (15.12%) GCP
17 13 (15.12%) Big Data
18 12 (13.95%) Data Visualisation
18 12 (13.95%) Java
19 11 (12.79%) AWS

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (17.44%) Apache Spark
2 3 (3.49%) Apache
2 3 (3.49%) Jupyter
2 3 (3.49%) SAS
3 2 (2.33%) DNN
4 1 (1.16%) SharePoint
Applications
1 6 (6.98%) Stata
2 4 (4.65%) Chatbot
3 1 (1.16%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (1.16%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 15 (17.44%) Azure
2 13 (15.12%) GCP
3 11 (12.79%) AWS
4 6 (6.98%) Power Platform
5 3 (3.49%) Azure LUIS
6 2 (2.33%) Azure Machine Learning
6 2 (2.33%) PaaS
7 1 (1.16%) Amazon EMR
7 1 (1.16%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 3 (3.49%) DVB
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (19.77%) Data Mining
2 13 (15.12%) Big Data
3 7 (8.14%) Electronic Patient Records
4 6 (6.98%) Power BI
5 4 (4.65%) NoSQL
6 3 (3.49%) Hadoop
6 3 (3.49%) Spotfire
7 2 (2.33%) Apache Hive
7 2 (2.33%) Flink
7 2 (2.33%) Geospatial Data
7 2 (2.33%) GIS
7 2 (2.33%) QlikView
7 2 (2.33%) Relational Database
7 2 (2.33%) Triplestore
8 1 (1.16%) Amazon Athena
8 1 (1.16%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 1 (1.16%) HBase
8 1 (1.16%) Impala
8 1 (1.16%) PostgreSQL
8 1 (1.16%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 11 (12.79%) Git (software)
2 2 (2.33%) Visual Studio
General
1 9 (10.47%) Finance
2 6 (6.98%) Pharmaceutical
3 3 (3.49%) Electronics
4 2 (2.33%) Advertising
4 2 (2.33%) Front Office
4 2 (2.33%) Police
4 2 (2.33%) Publishing
4 2 (2.33%) Social Science
4 2 (2.33%) Telecoms
5 1 (1.16%) Aerospace
5 1 (1.16%) Banking
5 1 (1.16%) Financial Institution
5 1 (1.16%) Investment Banking
5 1 (1.16%) Manufacturing
5 1 (1.16%) Marketing
5 1 (1.16%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 41 (47.67%) Data Scientist
2 13 (15.12%) Senior Data Scientist
3 9 (10.47%) Developer
4 7 (8.14%) Statistician
5 5 (5.81%) Consultant
5 5 (5.81%) Machine Learning Scientist
6 4 (4.65%) Software Engineer
6 4 (4.65%) User Researcher
7 3 (3.49%) DTV Engineer
7 3 (3.49%) Quantitative Developer
7 3 (3.49%) Senior Software Engineer
8 2 (2.33%) C# Developer
8 2 (2.33%) C# WPF Developer
8 2 (2.33%) Data Engineer
8 2 (2.33%) Java Developer
8 2 (2.33%) Machine Learning Engineer
8 2 (2.33%) Technical Consultant
8 2 (2.33%) WPF Developer
9 1 (1.16%) Computer Vision Consultant
9 1 (1.16%) Computer Vision Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17 (19.77%) TensorFlow
2 15 (17.44%) Pandas
3 8 (9.30%) Keras
3 8 (9.30%) Natural Language Processing
3 8 (9.30%) SciPy
4 7 (8.14%) H2O
4 7 (8.14%) MLlib
5 6 (6.98%) PyTorch
5 6 (6.98%) scikit-learn
5 6 (6.98%) WS-I
6 5 (5.81%) NumPy
6 5 (5.81%) PySpark
7 4 (4.65%) .NET
7 4 (4.65%) .NET Core
8 3 (3.49%) Node.js
8 3 (3.49%) Shiny
8 3 (3.49%) SpaCy
9 2 (2.33%) D3.js
9 2 (2.33%) Managed Extensibility Framework
9 2 (2.33%) Samza
Miscellaneous
1 16 (18.60%) Algorithms
2 14 (16.28%) Analytical Skills
3 4 (4.65%) Embedded Systems
4 3 (3.49%) CUDA
4 3 (3.49%) Digital TV
4 3 (3.49%) Interactive TV
4 3 (3.49%) IPTV
4 3 (3.49%) Video\Live Streaming
5 2 (2.33%) Credit Risk
5 2 (2.33%) Lidar
5 2 (2.33%) Market Risk
5 2 (2.33%) Renewable Energy
6 1 (1.16%) Data Structures
6 1 (1.16%) Derivative
6 1 (1.16%) Life Science
6 1 (1.16%) Robotics
6 1 (1.16%) Smart City
6 1 (1.16%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 4 (4.65%) Linux
2 3 (3.49%) Android
2 3 (3.49%) Apple iOS
2 3 (3.49%) Embedded Linux
3 2 (2.33%) Windows
4 1 (1.16%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 56 (65.12%) Data Science
2 54 (62.79%) Computer Science
3 50 (58.14%) Machine Learning
4 47 (54.65%) Mathematics
5 36 (41.86%) Statistics
6 32 (37.21%) Artificial Intelligence
7 28 (32.56%) Analytics
8 26 (30.23%) Agile Software Development
9 23 (26.74%) Physics
10 20 (23.26%) Visualisation
11 19 (22.09%) Deep Learning
11 19 (22.09%) Statistical Modelling
12 17 (19.77%) Open Source
13 12 (13.95%) Data Visualisation
14 11 (12.79%) Test Automation
15 10 (11.63%) Problem-Solving
16 9 (10.47%) Biostatistics
16 9 (10.47%) Informatics
17 7 (8.14%) Bioinformatics
17 7 (8.14%) Use Case
Programming Languages
1 53 (61.63%) Python
2 14 (16.28%) C++
2 14 (16.28%) SQL
3 12 (13.95%) Java
4 9 (10.47%) R
5 6 (6.98%) C
6 5 (5.81%) C#
6 5 (5.81%) Scala
7 3 (3.49%) VBA
8 2 (2.33%) SHACL
8 2 (2.33%) XAML
9 1 (1.16%) Embedded C
9 1 (1.16%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 36 (41.86%) Degree
2 15 (17.44%) Master's Degree
3 6 (6.98%) Computer Science Degree
3 6 (6.98%) Numerate Degree
4 3 (3.49%) MBA
4 3 (3.49%) SC Cleared
4 3 (3.49%) Security Cleared
5 2 (2.33%) Sun Certification
6 1 (1.16%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (3.49%) GDPR
2 2 (2.33%) PMO
3 1 (1.16%) CDISC
3 1 (1.16%) IFRS
3 1 (1.16%) IFRS 9
3 1 (1.16%) QA
Vendors
1 10 (11.63%) Tableau
2 7 (8.14%) Microsoft
3 5 (5.81%) Google
4 3 (3.49%) Databricks
5 1 (1.16%) Samsung