Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 19 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK > England
6 months to
19 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 642 498 519
Rank change year-on-year -144 +21 +61
Contract jobs citing PhD 118 134 93
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.17% 0.29% 0.21%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.84% 1.39% 0.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 55 79 41
10th Percentile £435 £390 £313
25th Percentile £519 £454 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £575 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +15.00% -13.04%
75th Percentile £781 £750 £650
90th Percentile £825 £825 £750
UK median daily rate £600 £600 £500
% change year-on-year - +20.00% -12.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 8 6
10th Percentile - £19.34 -
25th Percentile £18.50 £23.17 £51.25
Median hourly rate £50.50 £33.50 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year +50.75% -39.09% +10.00%
75th Percentile £55.25 £51.56 £60.94
90th Percentile £63.99 £52.44 £68.13
UK median hourly rate £49.50 £33.50 £55.00
% change year-on-year +47.76% -39.09% +10.00%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 14,044 9,643 10,155
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 19.92% 21.06% 23.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,328 6,229 6,572
10th Percentile £331 £300 £268
25th Percentile £425 £400 £377
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £634 £575 £575
90th Percentile £713 £670 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £488 £475
% change year-on-year +7.69% +2.63% +1.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 663 461 365
10th Percentile £13.73 £14.58 £14.43
25th Percentile £19.06 £20.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate £41.50 £37.80 £27.99
Median % change year-on-year +9.79% +35.05% -3.48%
75th Percentile £56.00 £51.25 £47.97
90th Percentile £68.27 £60.00 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £37.50 £31.00
% change year-on-year +18.67% +20.97% +3.33%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PhD in England.

Daily rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 19 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PhD in England.

Hourly rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 19 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 19 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -131 85 £600 -11.11% 55
East of England -20 15 £616 +9.03% 33
South East -43 12 £650 +51.60% 17
North of England - 3 £488 - 17
Yorkshire - 2 £500 - 5
East Midlands -22 1 - - 4
Midlands -36 1 - - 6
North West - 1 £475 - 9
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 19 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 75 (63.56%) Python
2 69 (58.47%) Degree
3 59 (50.00%) Computer Science
4 47 (39.83%) Data Science
5 40 (33.90%) Mathematics
5 40 (33.90%) Statistics
5 40 (33.90%) Agile
6 39 (33.05%) Software Engineering
7 37 (31.36%) SQL
8 33 (27.97%) Finance
8 33 (27.97%) Machine Learning
9 31 (26.27%) TensorFlow
10 26 (22.03%) Social Skills
11 25 (21.19%) MLOps
11 25 (21.19%) Azure
11 25 (21.19%) C++
12 24 (20.34%) Analytics
13 22 (18.64%) Physics
14 20 (16.95%) Java
14 20 (16.95%) NumPy
14 20 (16.95%) Data Engineering
14 20 (16.95%) Master's Degree
15 18 (15.25%) Algorithms
15 18 (15.25%) Docker
15 18 (15.25%) Linux
15 18 (15.25%) Risk Management
15 18 (15.25%) Artificial Intelligence
16 17 (14.41%) AWS
16 17 (14.41%) Scala
16 17 (14.41%) GCP

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (12.71%) Apache Spark
2 9 (7.63%) Apache
2 9 (7.63%) Apache Airflow
3 5 (4.24%) Elasticsearch
4 2 (1.69%) Tomcat
5 1 (0.85%) ThingWorx
Business Applications
1 1 (0.85%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 25 (21.19%) Azure
2 17 (14.41%) AWS
2 17 (14.41%) GCP
3 3 (2.54%) Vertex AI
4 1 (0.85%) AWS IoT
4 1 (0.85%) Azure App Service
4 1 (0.85%) Azure Logic Apps
4 1 (0.85%) Azure Service Bus
4 1 (0.85%) Azure Service Fabric
4 1 (0.85%) GitHub
4 1 (0.85%) IaaS
4 1 (0.85%) PaaS
4 1 (0.85%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 3 (2.54%) Kerberos
2 1 (0.85%) AMQP
2 1 (0.85%) Modbus
2 1 (0.85%) MQTT
2 1 (0.85%) TCP/IP
2 1 (0.85%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 13 (11.02%) Big Data
2 12 (10.17%) NoSQL
3 9 (7.63%) Hadoop
4 8 (6.78%) Data Lake
5 6 (5.08%) MongoDB
6 4 (3.39%) Relational Database
7 3 (2.54%) BigQuery
8 2 (1.69%) Data Mining
8 2 (1.69%) KDB
8 2 (1.69%) Presto
9 1 (0.85%) Azure SQL Database
9 1 (0.85%) Data Warehouse
9 1 (0.85%) dBASE
9 1 (0.85%) GIS
9 1 (0.85%) Metadata
9 1 (0.85%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 12 (10.17%) Git (software)
2 9 (7.63%) MLflow
3 5 (4.24%) Visual Studio
4 4 (3.39%) JIRA
5 3 (2.54%) CircleCI
5 3 (2.54%) Jenkins
5 3 (2.54%) Oracle Forms
6 2 (1.69%) JUnit
7 1 (0.85%) GDB
7 1 (0.85%) LabVIEW
General
1 33 (27.97%) Finance
2 26 (22.03%) Social Skills
3 16 (13.56%) Banking
4 14 (11.86%) Analytical Skills
5 13 (11.02%) Front Office
5 13 (11.02%) Investment Banking
6 11 (9.32%) Presentation Skills
7 8 (6.78%) Pharmaceutical
8 7 (5.93%) Marketing
8 7 (5.93%) Social Science
9 6 (5.08%) Telecoms
10 3 (2.54%) Electronics
10 3 (2.54%) Financial Institution
10 3 (2.54%) Law
10 3 (2.54%) Legal
10 3 (2.54%) Publishing
11 2 (1.69%) Public Sector
12 1 (0.85%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 1 (0.85%) Organisational Skills
12 1 (0.85%) Police
Job Titles
1 22 (18.64%) Data Scientist
1 22 (18.64%) Developer
2 17 (14.41%) Quantitative Developer
3 16 (13.56%) Analyst
4 11 (9.32%) Qualitative Analyst
4 11 (9.32%) Quantitative Analyst
5 10 (8.47%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 9 (7.63%) Senior Data Scientist
6 9 (7.63%) User Experience Researcher
7 8 (6.78%) Python Developer
7 8 (6.78%) Software Engineer
8 6 (5.08%) Data Engineer
8 6 (5.08%) Electronic Trading Developer
9 5 (4.24%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
9 5 (4.24%) Investment Banking Java Developer
9 5 (4.24%) Java Developer
9 5 (4.24%) Java Quantitative Developer
10 4 (3.39%) .NET Software Engineer
10 4 (3.39%) Data Analyst
10 4 (3.39%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 31 (26.27%) TensorFlow
2 20 (16.95%) NumPy
3 15 (12.71%) PyTorch
4 13 (11.02%) Pandas
4 13 (11.02%) scikit-learn
5 12 (10.17%) Keras
6 9 (7.63%) Apache Beam
6 9 (7.63%) BentoML
6 9 (7.63%) Matplotlib
7 8 (6.78%) React
8 7 (5.93%) .NET
8 7 (5.93%) Kafka
8 7 (5.93%) SciPy
9 6 (5.08%) Web Services
10 5 (4.24%) .NET Framework
10 5 (4.24%) Entity Framework
10 5 (4.24%) Managed Extensibility Framework
10 5 (4.24%) REST
10 5 (4.24%) WCF
10 5 (4.24%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 18 (15.25%) Algorithms
2 16 (13.56%) User Experience
3 9 (7.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 8 (6.78%) Data Structures
4 8 (6.78%) Social Media
5 5 (4.24%) Fixed Income
5 5 (4.24%) Renewable Energy
5 5 (4.24%) Tandem
6 4 (3.39%) Credit Risk
7 3 (2.54%) Cloud Native
7 3 (2.54%) Derivative
7 3 (2.54%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (1.69%) Augmented Reality
8 2 (1.69%) Data Fabric
8 2 (1.69%) Hedge funds
8 2 (1.69%) Management Information System
8 2 (1.69%) Public Cloud
9 1 (0.85%) Embedded Systems
9 1 (0.85%) IoT
9 1 (0.85%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 18 (15.25%) Linux
2 4 (3.39%) Windows
3 2 (1.69%) Unix
4 1 (0.85%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 59 (50.00%) Computer Science
2 47 (39.83%) Data Science
3 40 (33.90%) Agile
3 40 (33.90%) Mathematics
3 40 (33.90%) Statistics
4 39 (33.05%) Software Engineering
5 33 (27.97%) Machine Learning
6 25 (21.19%) MLOps
7 24 (20.34%) Analytics
8 22 (18.64%) Physics
9 20 (16.95%) Data Engineering
10 18 (15.25%) Artificial Intelligence
10 18 (15.25%) Risk Management
11 15 (12.71%) Use Case
12 14 (11.86%) OO
13 13 (11.02%) Data Governance
13 13 (11.02%) Validation
14 12 (10.17%) Model Validation
15 11 (9.32%) Computer Vision
15 11 (9.32%) Deep Learning
Programming Languages
1 75 (63.56%) Python
2 37 (31.36%) SQL
3 25 (21.19%) C++
4 20 (16.95%) Java
5 17 (14.41%) Scala
6 16 (13.56%) R
7 13 (11.02%) C#
8 5 (4.24%) C
8 5 (4.24%) Go
8 5 (4.24%) XAML
9 2 (1.69%) Fortran
9 2 (1.69%) MATLAB
9 2 (1.69%) Ruby
10 1 (0.85%) Elixir
10 1 (0.85%) Erlang
10 1 (0.85%) Haskell
10 1 (0.85%) JavaScript
10 1 (0.85%) Rust
10 1 (0.85%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 69 (58.47%) Degree
2 20 (16.95%) Master's Degree
3 10 (8.47%) Computer Science Degree
4 7 (5.93%) Numerate Degree
5 5 (4.24%) MBA
6 1 (0.85%) IBM Certification
6 1 (0.85%) SC Cleared
6 1 (0.85%) Security Cleared
6 1 (0.85%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (2.54%) Data Quality
1 3 (2.54%) QA
1 3 (2.54%) SLA
2 1 (0.85%) GDPR
2 1 (0.85%) GxP
2 1 (0.85%) IFRS
2 1 (0.85%) IFRS 9
2 1 (0.85%) PMO
System Software
1 18 (15.25%) Docker
2 9 (7.63%) HDFS
3 3 (2.54%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.85%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 9 (7.63%) Kubeflow
2 7 (5.93%) Kubernetes
3 3 (2.54%) Oracle Identity Management
Vendors
1 8 (6.78%) Microsoft
2 3 (2.54%) CyberArk
2 3 (2.54%) Lieberman
2 3 (2.54%) Oracle
2 3 (2.54%) ServiceNow
2 3 (2.54%) Thycotic
3 2 (1.69%) Databricks
3 2 (1.69%) Google
3 2 (1.69%) IBM
4 1 (0.85%) Facebook
4 1 (0.85%) PTC
4 1 (0.85%) Sparx