Period
to 5 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 5 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK > England
6 months to
5 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 464 513 591
Rank change year-on-year +49 +78 +66
Contract jobs citing PhD 136 108 257
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.31% 0.23% 0.30%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.43% 0.99% 1.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 83 49 176
10th Percentile £407 £311 £325
25th Percentile £450 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £565
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% -11.50% -1.74%
75th Percentile £725 £663 £716
90th Percentile £825 £756 £825
UK median daily rate £588 £500 £550
% change year-on-year +17.50% -9.09% -4.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 5 6
10th Percentile £19.34 " £26.44
25th Percentile £23.17 £51.25 £37.06
Median hourly rate £45.69 £52.50 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year -12.98% +5.00% +63.93%
75th Percentile £52.30 £60.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £56.53 £60.75 "
UK median hourly rate £45.69 £52.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -12.98% +5.00% +63.93%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 9,504 10,887 16,678
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.41% 22.69% 19.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,149 7,030 10,489
10th Percentile £300 £263 £269
25th Percentile £400 £375 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £490 £475 £470
Median % change year-on-year +3.16% +1.06% +4.44%
75th Percentile £575 £575 £563
90th Percentile £663 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £480 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +1.05% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 474 393 670
10th Percentile £14.62 £14.38 £12.50
25th Percentile £20.26 £17.50 £16.77
Median hourly rate £39.25 £27.50 £29.45
Median % change year-on-year +42.73% -6.62% +30.89%
75th Percentile £50.22 £47.83 £47.25
90th Percentile £61.25 £57.50 £53.00
UK median hourly rate £38.71 £30.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year +29.03% - +33.33%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PhD in England.

Daily rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 5 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PhD in England.

Hourly rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 5 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 5 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +27 102 £670 +41.05% 65
South East +34 13 £429 -14.25% 50
East of England +21 6 £565 +13.00% 41
South West +53 4 £425 +6.25% 19
Midlands +22 3 £475 +239.29% 24
East Midlands +21 3 £475 +239.29% 14
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 5 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 81 (59.56%) Python
2 66 (48.53%) Finance
3 50 (36.76%) Degree
4 43 (31.62%) Azure
5 41 (30.15%) Mathematics
6 40 (29.41%) Data Science
7 38 (27.94%) Agile Software Development
8 36 (26.47%) TensorFlow
9 35 (25.74%) Computer Science
10 34 (25.00%) NumPy
11 33 (24.26%) Machine Learning
12 32 (23.53%) Keras
13 28 (20.59%) SciPy
14 27 (19.85%) Analytics
14 27 (19.85%) ETL
15 23 (16.91%) Statistics
15 23 (16.91%) Social Skills
16 22 (16.18%) Physics
17 20 (14.71%) Software Engineering
17 20 (14.71%) Analytical Skills
18 19 (13.97%) Artificial Intelligence
18 19 (13.97%) Front Office
19 18 (13.24%) SQL
20 17 (12.50%) C++
20 17 (12.50%) R
20 17 (12.50%) Visualisation
21 16 (11.76%) AWS
21 16 (11.76%) Psychology
22 15 (11.03%) Tandem
22 15 (11.03%) Banking

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (7.35%) Apache Spark
2 9 (6.62%) SAS
3 2 (1.47%) Jupyter
4 1 (0.74%) Apache Airflow
4 1 (0.74%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 2 (1.47%) Blender
1 2 (1.47%) Maya
1 2 (1.47%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (1.47%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.74%) Simulink
2 1 (0.74%) S-PLUS
Cloud Services
1 43 (31.62%) Azure
2 16 (11.76%) AWS
3 14 (10.29%) GCP
4 9 (6.62%) Power Platform
5 7 (5.15%) Serverless
6 6 (4.41%) Azure Data Factory
6 6 (4.41%) Azure Functions
7 2 (1.47%) Amazon EMR
7 2 (1.47%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 1 (0.74%) Amazon EC2
8 1 (0.74%) Amazon ECS
8 1 (0.74%) Amazon SQS
8 1 (0.74%) AWS CloudFormation
8 1 (0.74%) AWS Fargate
8 1 (0.74%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.74%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 2 (1.47%) 4G
2 1 (0.74%) 3GPP
2 1 (0.74%) 5G
2 1 (0.74%) HTTP
2 1 (0.74%) LTE
2 1 (0.74%) MIMO
2 1 (0.74%) Radio Access Network
2 1 (0.74%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (7.35%) Data Mining
2 9 (6.62%) Power BI
3 7 (5.15%) Big Data
3 7 (5.15%) Hadoop
3 7 (5.15%) Tableau
4 4 (2.94%) Relational Database
5 3 (2.21%) Apache Hive
5 3 (2.21%) SQL Server
6 2 (1.47%) Amazon Redshift
6 2 (1.47%) Data Mart
6 2 (1.47%) Neo4j
6 2 (1.47%) NoSQL
6 2 (1.47%) PolyBase
6 2 (1.47%) QlikView
6 2 (1.47%) Spotfire
7 1 (0.74%) Amazon Athena
7 1 (0.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 1 (0.74%) BigQuery
7 1 (0.74%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 13 (9.56%) Git (software)
2 2 (1.47%) Visual Studio
3 1 (0.74%) Jasmine
3 1 (0.74%) Jenkins
3 1 (0.74%) Karma Test Runner
3 1 (0.74%) Moq
3 1 (0.74%) NUnit
3 1 (0.74%) Team Foundation Server
3 1 (0.74%) webpack
General
1 66 (48.53%) Finance
2 23 (16.91%) Social Skills
3 20 (14.71%) Analytical Skills
4 19 (13.97%) Front Office
5 15 (11.03%) Banking
5 15 (11.03%) Social Science
6 9 (6.62%) Investment Banking
7 6 (4.41%) Marketing
7 6 (4.41%) Pharmaceutical
7 6 (4.41%) Presentation Skills
8 5 (3.68%) Back Office
8 5 (3.68%) Financial Institution
8 5 (3.68%) Law
9 4 (2.94%) Legal
10 3 (2.21%) Manufacturing
11 2 (1.47%) Games
11 2 (1.47%) Public Sector
11 2 (1.47%) Retail
12 1 (0.74%) Dutch Language
12 1 (0.74%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 47 (34.56%) Developer
2 32 (23.53%) Quantitative Developer
3 29 (21.32%) Data Scientist
4 27 (19.85%) Analyst
5 17 (12.50%) Qualitative Analyst
5 17 (12.50%) Quantitative Analyst
6 14 (10.29%) Python Developer
7 10 (7.35%) Energy Trading Developer
7 10 (7.35%) User Researcher
8 9 (6.62%) Senior Data Scientist
9 8 (5.88%) Analyst Developer
9 8 (5.88%) C# Developer
10 6 (4.41%) Computer Scientist
10 6 (4.41%) Computer Vision Scientist
10 6 (4.41%) Lead Developer
10 6 (4.41%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
10 6 (4.41%) Software Engineer
10 6 (4.41%) User Experience Researcher
11 5 (3.68%) C# Developer - Investment Banking
11 5 (3.68%) C# Quant Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (26.47%) TensorFlow
2 34 (25.00%) NumPy
3 32 (23.53%) Keras
4 28 (20.59%) SciPy
5 13 (9.56%) PyTorch
6 9 (6.62%) .NET
7 8 (5.88%) .NET Framework
7 8 (5.88%) scikit-learn
8 7 (5.15%) Pandas
9 6 (4.41%) RESTful
10 3 (2.21%) Entity Framework
10 3 (2.21%) Kafka
10 3 (2.21%) OpenCL
10 3 (2.21%) OpenCV
10 3 (2.21%) PySpark
11 2 (1.47%) .NET Core
11 2 (1.47%) AngularJS
11 2 (1.47%) Node.js
11 2 (1.47%) React
11 2 (1.47%) Shiny
Miscellaneous
1 15 (11.03%) Algorithms
1 15 (11.03%) Tandem
2 11 (8.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 11 (8.09%) User Experience
3 9 (6.62%) Data Structures
4 5 (3.68%) Credit Risk
4 5 (3.68%) Social Media
5 4 (2.94%) CUDA
5 4 (2.94%) Fixed Income
5 4 (2.94%) FMCG
5 4 (2.94%) Life Science
5 4 (2.94%) Market Risk
6 3 (2.21%) Augmented Reality
6 3 (2.21%) Greenfield Project
7 2 (1.47%) Biotechnology
7 2 (1.47%) Equities
7 2 (1.47%) Management Information System
7 2 (1.47%) NHS
8 1 (0.74%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
8 1 (0.74%) VHDL
Operating Systems
1 2 (1.47%) Windows
2 1 (0.74%) Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 41 (30.15%) Mathematics
2 40 (29.41%) Data Science
3 38 (27.94%) Agile Software Development
4 35 (25.74%) Computer Science
5 33 (24.26%) Machine Learning
6 27 (19.85%) Analytics
6 27 (19.85%) ETL
7 23 (16.91%) Statistics
8 22 (16.18%) Physics
9 20 (14.71%) Software Engineering
10 19 (13.97%) Artificial Intelligence
11 17 (12.50%) Visualisation
12 16 (11.76%) Psychology
13 15 (11.03%) Coaching
13 15 (11.03%) Computer Vision
14 12 (8.82%) Decision-Making
14 12 (8.82%) Problem-Solving
15 11 (8.09%) Data Engineering
15 11 (8.09%) Mentoring
15 11 (8.09%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 81 (59.56%) Python
2 18 (13.24%) SQL
3 17 (12.50%) C++
3 17 (12.50%) R
4 11 (8.09%) C#
5 10 (7.35%) Java
6 4 (2.94%) JavaScript
6 4 (2.94%) MATLAB
6 4 (2.94%) TypeScript
7 3 (2.21%) C
7 3 (2.21%) Scala
8 2 (1.47%) XAML
9 1 (0.74%) ES6
9 1 (0.74%) Go
9 1 (0.74%) Julia
9 1 (0.74%) VBA
Qualifications
1 50 (36.76%) Degree
2 10 (7.35%) Numerate Degree
3 8 (5.88%) Master's Degree
4 7 (5.15%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (2.21%) PMP
5 3 (2.21%) SC Cleared
5 3 (2.21%) Security Cleared
6 1 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.74%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (2.94%) IFRS
1 4 (2.94%) IFRS 9
2 3 (2.21%) QA
3 1 (0.74%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.74%) GDPR
System Software
1 1 (0.74%) Docker
Systems Management
1 2 (1.47%) Grafana
2 1 (0.74%) Ansible
2 1 (0.74%) Terraform
Vendors
1 4 (2.94%) Databricks
2 3 (2.21%) Microsoft
3 1 (0.74%) Cadence
3 1 (0.74%) Google
3 1 (0.74%) IBM
3 1 (0.74%) Intel
3 1 (0.74%) SAP
3 1 (0.74%) Xilinx