Period
to 25 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 25 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PhD
UK > England
6 months to
25 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 641 632 682
Rank change year-on-year -9 +50 +86
Contract jobs citing PhD 211 199 168
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.23% 0.23% 0.17%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.22% 1.10% 0.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 167 149 104
England median daily rate £620 £620 £675
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -8.15% +58.82%
10th Percentile £438 £403 £440
90th Percentile £788 £775 £1,300
UK median daily rate £620 £620 £675
% change year-on-year - -8.15% +58.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 5 4
England median hourly rate £40.50 £33.00 £66.78
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.73% -50.58% -
10th Percentile £31.40 £27.75 £28.03
90th Percentile £73.75 £49.56 £100.00
UK median hourly rate £40.50 £33.00 £66.78
% change year-on-year +22.73% -50.58% -

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 17,296 18,062 20,719
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.82% 20.48% 20.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,570 11,364 12,815
England median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £231 £250 £250
90th Percentile £625 £600 £583
UK median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 785 844 922
England median hourly rate £25.00 £27.50 £26.83
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.09% +2.50% +41.21%
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.19 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.25 £50.00 £50.75
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £27.50 £27.50
% change year-on-year -9.09% - +44.74%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 25 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 25 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 25 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -17 176 £625 +0.81% 104
East of England -7 18 £376 - 56
South East -16 8 £625 -16.67% 43
Midlands +16 5 £625 +184.09% 26
West Midlands +15 5 £625 +184.09% 24
North of England +24 3 £500 +5.26% 17
North West +12 2 £500 +6.67% 8
South West +18 1 - - 12
Yorkshire -4 1 - - 8
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 25 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 119 (56.40%) Mathematics
2 110 (52.13%) Python
3 100 (47.39%) C++
4 81 (38.39%) Computer Science
5 77 (36.49%) Finance
5 77 (36.49%) Data Science
6 73 (34.60%) Physics
7 70 (33.18%) Machine Learning
8 67 (31.75%) Front Office
8 67 (31.75%) Java
9 65 (30.81%) Analytical Skills
10 62 (29.38%) OO
11 61 (28.91%) Analytics
12 60 (28.44%) Degree
13 52 (24.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 51 (24.17%) R
15 48 (22.75%) Quantitative Research
16 46 (21.80%) Algorithms
17 41 (19.43%) SQL
18 40 (18.96%) Apache Spark
19 39 (18.48%) Statistics
20 34 (16.11%) Big Data
20 34 (16.11%) C#
21 33 (15.64%) OOP
22 32 (15.17%) Hadoop
23 29 (13.74%) Financial Institution
24 28 (13.27%) Banking
25 27 (12.80%) Linux
26 24 (11.37%) Multithreading
26 24 (11.37%) Electronic Trading

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (18.96%) Apache Spark
2 9 (4.27%) Apache Airflow
2 9 (4.27%) SAS
3 8 (3.79%) Apache
4 5 (2.37%) Luigi
5 4 (1.90%) Apache Solr
6 2 (0.95%) Jupyter
7 1 (0.47%) Apache Pig
7 1 (0.47%) DNN
7 1 (0.47%) Elasticsearch
7 1 (0.47%) Ethereum
7 1 (0.47%) Hyperledger
7 1 (0.47%) OpenStack
Applications
1 5 (2.37%) Pipeline Pilot
2 4 (1.90%) SPSS
3 1 (0.47%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.47%) GNU Octave
3 1 (0.47%) Mathematica
3 1 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.47%) Simulink
Cloud Services
1 11 (5.21%) Amazon AWS
2 5 (2.37%) Microsoft Azure
3 4 (1.90%) Google Cloud Platform
4 1 (0.47%) Amazon Kinesis
4 1 (0.47%) Amazon S3
4 1 (0.47%) Amazon SQS
4 1 (0.47%) Cloud Computing
4 1 (0.47%) Dialogflow
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.42%) TCP/IP
2 1 (0.47%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
2 1 (0.47%) Skype
2 1 (0.47%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (16.11%) Big Data
2 32 (15.17%) Hadoop
3 14 (6.64%) Geospatial Data
4 9 (4.27%) NoSQL
5 8 (3.79%) KDB
6 6 (2.84%) Apache Hive
6 6 (2.84%) Data Mining
7 5 (2.37%) Impala
7 5 (2.37%) KNIME
8 4 (1.90%) Apache Cassandra
8 4 (1.90%) Data Warehouse
8 4 (1.90%) HBase
9 2 (0.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 2 (0.95%) Oracle Database
9 2 (0.95%) Oracle Database 11g
10 1 (0.47%) Amazon RDS
10 1 (0.47%) Blockchain
10 1 (0.47%) Flink
10 1 (0.47%) Power BI
10 1 (0.47%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 7 (3.32%) Git (software)
2 6 (2.84%) Subversion
3 2 (0.95%) Team Foundation Server
3 2 (0.95%) Visual Studio
4 1 (0.47%) Moq
4 1 (0.47%) NUnit
4 1 (0.47%) Xcode
General
1 77 (36.49%) Finance
2 67 (31.75%) Front Office
3 29 (13.74%) Financial Institution
4 28 (13.27%) Banking
5 19 (9.00%) Investment Banking
6 17 (8.06%) Retail
7 10 (4.74%) Marketing
8 7 (3.32%) Manufacturing
9 4 (1.90%) Automotive
9 4 (1.90%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (0.95%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.47%) Advertising
11 1 (0.47%) Dutch Language
11 1 (0.47%) Electronics
11 1 (0.47%) French Language
11 1 (0.47%) Games
11 1 (0.47%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 93 (44.08%) Developer
2 66 (31.28%) Data Scientist
3 54 (25.59%) Quantitative Developer
4 27 (12.80%) Java Developer
5 25 (11.85%) Analyst
6 20 (9.48%) Java Quantitative Developer
7 19 (9.00%) Qualitative Analyst
7 19 (9.00%) Quantitative Analyst
8 18 (8.53%) C++ Developer
9 17 (8.06%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 15 (7.11%) Python Developer
11 11 (5.21%) Data Engineer
11 11 (5.21%) Software Engineer
12 10 (4.74%) Electronic Trading Developer
12 10 (4.74%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
12 10 (4.74%) Machine Learning Engineer
12 10 (4.74%) Senior Data Scientist
13 9 (4.27%) C++ Quantitative Developer
13 9 (4.27%) Front Office Developer
13 9 (4.27%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (9.95%) TensorFlow
2 14 (6.64%) .NET
3 13 (6.16%) Keras
4 12 (5.69%) Theano
5 11 (5.21%) PySpark
6 9 (4.27%) Pandas
7 8 (3.79%) Bokeh
7 8 (3.79%) Natural Language Processing
8 7 (3.32%) ggplot
8 7 (3.32%) Kafka
9 6 (2.84%) D3.js
9 6 (2.84%) Seaborn
10 5 (2.37%) JSON
10 5 (2.37%) RESTful
10 5 (2.37%) scikit-learn
10 5 (2.37%) XML
11 3 (1.42%) Akka
11 3 (1.42%) Django
11 3 (1.42%) NumPy
11 3 (1.42%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 81 (38.39%) Computer Science
2 65 (30.81%) Analytical Skills
3 52 (24.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 46 (21.80%) Algorithms
5 13 (6.16%) Data Structures
6 10 (4.74%) Fixed Income
7 8 (3.79%) Credit Risk
7 8 (3.79%) Derivative
7 8 (3.79%) Life Science
8 4 (1.90%) Optoelectronics
9 3 (1.42%) Fintech
9 3 (1.42%) Hedge funds
10 2 (0.95%) Credit Derivative
10 2 (0.95%) Data Centre
10 2 (0.95%) Greenfield Project
11 1 (0.47%) Arduino
11 1 (0.47%) Bitcoin
11 1 (0.47%) Mobile App
11 1 (0.47%) Private Cloud
11 1 (0.47%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 27 (12.80%) Linux
2 9 (4.27%) Unix
3 3 (1.42%) Windows
4 1 (0.47%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.47%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 119 (56.40%) Mathematics
2 77 (36.49%) Data Science
3 73 (34.60%) Physics
4 70 (33.18%) Machine Learning
5 62 (29.38%) OO
6 61 (28.91%) Analytics
7 48 (22.75%) Quantitative Research
8 39 (18.48%) Statistics
9 33 (15.64%) OOP
10 24 (11.37%) Electronic Trading
10 24 (11.37%) Multithreading
11 22 (10.43%) Project Management
12 21 (9.95%) Deep Learning
13 20 (9.48%) Stochastic Calculus
13 20 (9.48%) Test Strategy
14 18 (8.53%) Artificial Intelligence
14 18 (8.53%) Low Latency
14 18 (8.53%) Software Engineering
15 17 (8.06%) E-Commerce
16 14 (6.64%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 110 (52.13%) Python
2 100 (47.39%) C++
3 67 (31.75%) Java
4 51 (24.17%) R
5 41 (19.43%) SQL
6 34 (16.11%) C#
7 14 (6.64%) Scala
8 10 (4.74%) C
8 10 (4.74%) MATLAB
9 8 (3.79%) Ruby
10 7 (3.32%) Perl
11 4 (1.90%) PHP
11 4 (1.90%) VB
11 4 (1.90%) VBA
12 2 (0.95%) JavaScript
12 2 (0.95%) XAML
13 1 (0.47%) ANSI C
13 1 (0.47%) C++/CLI
13 1 (0.47%) Kotlin
13 1 (0.47%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 60 (28.44%) Degree
2 11 (5.21%) Master's Degree
3 8 (3.79%) Numerate Degree
4 4 (1.90%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.47%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (7.11%) EMIR
2 5 (2.37%) Data Quality
3 4 (1.90%) ISO 9001
3 4 (1.90%) SLA
4 2 (0.95%) MiFID
System Software
1 8 (3.79%) Docker
2 4 (1.90%) Apache Flume
3 1 (0.47%) Ceph
3 1 (0.47%) GPFS
Systems Management
1 7 (3.32%) Kubernetes
2 4 (1.90%) Terraform
3 1 (0.47%) Ansible
3 1 (0.47%) CFEngine
3 1 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
3 1 (0.47%) Puppet
3 1 (0.47%) Salt
Vendors
1 9 (4.27%) Google
2 7 (3.32%) Hortonworks
3 5 (2.37%) Microsoft
3 5 (2.37%) Netezza
3 5 (2.37%) RapidMiner
4 4 (1.90%) Cloudera
4 4 (1.90%) Huawei
4 4 (1.90%) MapR
5 3 (1.42%) Oracle
6 1 (0.47%) Apple
6 1 (0.47%) Atmel
6 1 (0.47%) Tableau
6 1 (0.47%) Typemock