Period
to 21 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 21 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PhD
UK > England
6 months to
21 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 673 631 693
Rank change year-on-year -42 +62 +83
Contract jobs citing PhD 185 177 161
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.20% 0.21% 0.17%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.06% 1.05% 0.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 133 140 108
England median daily rate £575 £620 £694
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -7.26% -10.63% +54.17%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £380
90th Percentile £775 £751 £1,300
UK median daily rate £575 £620 £688
% change year-on-year -7.26% -9.82% +52.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 6 2
England median hourly rate £33.25 £35.01 £100.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.03% -64.99% -
UK median hourly rate £33.25 £35.01 £100.00
% change year-on-year -5.03% -64.99% +166.67%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 17,530 16,914 20,815
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 19.05% 20.31% 21.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,499 10,563 13,095
England median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £250 £260 £250
90th Percentile £638 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £405
% change year-on-year +5.88% +4.94% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 779 866 758
England median hourly rate £25.00 £30.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.67% +9.09% +25.00%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.00 £12.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £52.50 £53.23
UK median hourly rate £24.28 £30.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year -19.08% -7.69% +47.73%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 21 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 21 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 21 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -64 160 £575 -7.26% 91
East of England +9 13 £301 -47.65% 71
Midlands 0 5 £350 - 12
West Midlands -17 5 £350 - 10
North of England -19 3 £425 - 19
South West +7 2 - - 17
Yorkshire -12 2 £400 -55.56% 8
South East -32 2 - - 38
North West -20 1 £450 +5.88% 10
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 21 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 111 (60.00%) Mathematics
2 103 (55.68%) Python
3 90 (48.65%) Computer Science
4 86 (46.49%) Data Science
5 68 (36.76%) Machine Learning
6 67 (36.22%) C++
7 58 (31.35%) Finance
8 55 (29.73%) Analytics
9 52 (28.11%) Degree
10 48 (25.95%) Algorithms
11 46 (24.86%) Physics
11 46 (24.86%) R
12 43 (23.24%) Java
13 40 (21.62%) Front Office
14 38 (20.54%) OO
15 37 (20.00%) Analytical Skills
16 35 (18.92%) SQL
17 34 (18.38%) Quantitative Research
18 33 (17.84%) TensorFlow
18 33 (17.84%) Deep Learning
19 28 (15.14%) Artificial Intelligence
19 28 (15.14%) Problem-Solving
20 27 (14.59%) Big Data
21 26 (14.05%) Statistics
21 26 (14.05%) C#
21 26 (14.05%) OOP
21 26 (14.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
22 25 (13.51%) Software Engineering
22 25 (13.51%) Apache Spark
23 21 (11.35%) Hadoop

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (13.51%) Apache Spark
2 16 (8.65%) SAS
3 10 (5.41%) Apache
4 8 (4.32%) nginx
5 6 (3.24%) Apache Solr
6 4 (2.16%) Apache Airflow
7 2 (1.08%) Jupyter
7 2 (1.08%) Oracle Coherence
8 1 (0.54%) CMS
8 1 (0.54%) DNN
8 1 (0.54%) Elasticsearch
8 1 (0.54%) Ethereum
8 1 (0.54%) Hyperledger
8 1 (0.54%) Jadu
8 1 (0.54%) SharePoint
Applications
1 4 (2.16%) SPSS
2 1 (0.54%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.54%) Mathematica
2 1 (0.54%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 1 (0.54%) Finacle
1 1 (0.54%) FLEXCUBE
1 1 (0.54%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 16 (8.65%) Amazon AWS
2 3 (1.62%) Microsoft Azure
3 2 (1.08%) GitHub
4 1 (0.54%) Amazon Kinesis
4 1 (0.54%) Amazon S3
4 1 (0.54%) Amazon SQS
4 1 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
4 1 (0.54%) Dialogflow
4 1 (0.54%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 5 (2.70%) TCP/IP
2 4 (2.16%) 4G
2 4 (2.16%) 5G
2 4 (2.16%) LTE
3 3 (1.62%) 3G
3 3 (1.62%) 3GPP
3 3 (1.62%) 802.11
4 2 (1.08%) Internet
5 1 (0.54%) GSM
5 1 (0.54%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
5 1 (0.54%) Radio Access Network
5 1 (0.54%) Skype
5 1 (0.54%) SMS
5 1 (0.54%) UMTS
5 1 (0.54%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 27 (14.59%) Big Data
2 21 (11.35%) Hadoop
3 8 (4.32%) Apache Cassandra
3 8 (4.32%) Apache Hive
4 7 (3.78%) HBase
5 6 (3.24%) Amazon RDS
5 6 (3.24%) Impala
5 6 (3.24%) NoSQL
6 5 (2.70%) Data Mining
6 5 (2.70%) Data Warehouse
7 3 (1.62%) Blockchain
7 3 (1.62%) PostgreSQL
8 2 (1.08%) Relational Database
9 1 (0.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 1 (0.54%) Apache Zeppelin
9 1 (0.54%) BigQuery
9 1 (0.54%) Geospatial Data
9 1 (0.54%) GIS
9 1 (0.54%) Power BI
9 1 (0.54%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 12 (6.49%) Git (software)
2 4 (2.16%) Visual Studio
3 2 (1.08%) Team Foundation Server
4 1 (0.54%) Eclipse
4 1 (0.54%) Moq
4 1 (0.54%) NUnit
4 1 (0.54%) Subversion
General
1 58 (31.35%) Finance
2 40 (21.62%) Front Office
3 17 (9.19%) Banking
4 14 (7.57%) Marketing
5 12 (6.49%) Investment Banking
6 11 (5.95%) Financial Institution
7 7 (3.78%) Manufacturing
8 6 (3.24%) Automotive
9 5 (2.70%) Retail
10 4 (2.16%) Games
11 3 (1.62%) Aerospace
12 2 (1.08%) Law
13 1 (0.54%) Advertising
13 1 (0.54%) Dutch Language
13 1 (0.54%) Electronics
13 1 (0.54%) French Language
13 1 (0.54%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 72 (38.92%) Data Scientist
2 50 (27.03%) Developer
3 34 (18.38%) Quantitative Developer
4 22 (11.89%) Analyst
5 19 (10.27%) Qualitative Analyst
5 19 (10.27%) Quantitative Analyst
6 16 (8.65%) Java Developer
7 14 (7.57%) Java Quantitative Developer
8 13 (7.03%) Data Engineer
9 12 (6.49%) Analyst Developer
9 12 (6.49%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
10 10 (5.41%) Electronic Trading Developer
10 10 (5.41%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
10 10 (5.41%) Software Engineer
11 9 (4.86%) Machine Learning Engineer
12 8 (4.32%) Computer Scientist
12 8 (4.32%) Computer Vision Scientist
12 8 (4.32%) Machine Learning Scientist
12 8 (4.32%) Research Engineer
13 6 (3.24%) C++ Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 33 (17.84%) TensorFlow
2 19 (10.27%) Keras
3 14 (7.57%) Pandas
4 13 (7.03%) Natural Language Processing
4 13 (7.03%) NumPy
5 10 (5.41%) Flask
6 8 (4.32%) Kafka
6 8 (4.32%) scikit-learn
7 6 (3.24%) .NET
7 6 (3.24%) OpenCV
8 5 (2.70%) Akka
8 5 (2.70%) Bokeh
8 5 (2.70%) Theano
8 5 (2.70%) WPF
9 4 (2.16%) ggplot
9 4 (2.16%) PySpark
9 4 (2.16%) SciPy
10 3 (1.62%) D3.js
10 3 (1.62%) Entity Framework
10 3 (1.62%) Managed Extensibility Framework
Miscellaneous
1 90 (48.65%) Computer Science
2 48 (25.95%) Algorithms
3 37 (20.00%) Analytical Skills
4 26 (14.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 11 (5.95%) Derivative
6 7 (3.78%) Fixed Income
7 6 (3.24%) Life Science
8 5 (2.70%) Hedge funds
8 5 (2.70%) User Experience
9 4 (2.16%) Equity Derivative
10 3 (1.62%) Credit Risk
10 3 (1.62%) Data Structures
10 3 (1.62%) Fintech
10 3 (1.62%) Infotainment
11 2 (1.08%) Credit Derivative
11 2 (1.08%) Greenfield Project
11 2 (1.08%) Mobile App
11 2 (1.08%) RIA
12 1 (0.54%) Management Information System
12 1 (0.54%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 16 (8.65%) Linux
2 5 (2.70%) Unix
2 5 (2.70%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 111 (60.00%) Mathematics
2 86 (46.49%) Data Science
3 68 (36.76%) Machine Learning
4 55 (29.73%) Analytics
5 46 (24.86%) Physics
6 38 (20.54%) OO
7 34 (18.38%) Quantitative Research
8 33 (17.84%) Deep Learning
9 28 (15.14%) Artificial Intelligence
9 28 (15.14%) Problem-Solving
10 26 (14.05%) OOP
10 26 (14.05%) Statistics
11 25 (13.51%) Software Engineering
12 20 (10.81%) Electronic Trading
13 18 (9.73%) Test Strategy
14 17 (9.19%) Agile Software Development
14 17 (9.19%) Project Management
15 15 (8.11%) E-Commerce
15 15 (8.11%) Stochastic Calculus
16 14 (7.57%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 103 (55.68%) Python
2 67 (36.22%) C++
3 46 (24.86%) R
4 43 (23.24%) Java
5 35 (18.92%) SQL
6 26 (14.05%) C#
7 11 (5.95%) Scala
8 10 (5.41%) MATLAB
9 9 (4.86%) C
10 5 (2.70%) JavaScript
11 4 (2.16%) VB
11 4 (2.16%) VBA
12 2 (1.08%) Perl
12 2 (1.08%) Ruby
12 2 (1.08%) XAML
13 1 (0.54%) Ada
13 1 (0.54%) C++/CLI
13 1 (0.54%) Embedded C++
13 1 (0.54%) Kotlin
13 1 (0.54%) VC++
Qualifications
1 52 (28.11%) Degree
2 19 (10.27%) Master's Degree
3 8 (4.32%) Computer Science Degree
4 5 (2.70%) Numerate Degree
5 1 (0.54%) MBA
5 1 (0.54%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (3.78%) Data Quality
2 6 (3.24%) EMIR
3 4 (2.16%) SLA
4 2 (1.08%) MiFID
5 1 (0.54%) QA
System Software
1 15 (8.11%) Docker
2 6 (3.24%) Apache Flume
3 2 (1.08%) Platform Symphony
4 1 (0.54%) Firmware
4 1 (0.54%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 6 (3.24%) Terraform
2 5 (2.70%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 10 (5.41%) Microsoft
2 8 (4.32%) Google
3 6 (3.24%) Cloudera
3 6 (3.24%) Hortonworks
3 6 (3.24%) MapR
4 4 (2.16%) Tableau
5 3 (1.62%) Oracle
6 2 (1.08%) Capita
7 1 (0.54%) Alteryx
7 1 (0.54%) Atmel
7 1 (0.54%) Databricks
7 1 (0.54%) SAP
7 1 (0.54%) Typemock