Period
to 16 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 16 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PhD
UK > England
6 months to
16 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 690 664 726
Rank change year-on-year -26 +62 +32
Contract jobs citing PhD 186 152 159
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.20% 0.17% 0.16%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.07% 0.88% 0.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 113 124 117
England median daily rate £550 £620 £600
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -11.29% +3.33% +14.29%
10th Percentile £413 £453 £370
90th Percentile £800 £838 £800
UK median daily rate £550 £616 £600
% change year-on-year -10.75% +2.71% +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 4 2
England median hourly rate £40.75 £27.40 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +48.74% -39.12% +19.70%
10th Percentile £28.93 £16.64 £37.50
90th Percentile £50.88 £46.98 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £40.75 £27.40 £45.00
% change year-on-year +48.74% -39.12% +35.97%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 17,438 17,258 21,313
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.67% 19.57% 21.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,324 10,492 13,437
England median daily rate £450 £430 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.65% +3.61% +3.75%
10th Percentile £250 £260 £250
90th Percentile £630 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 836 852 694
England median hourly rate £22.50 £28.00 £26.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.65% +5.67% +15.22%
10th Percentile £13.00 £12.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £50.17 £50.59 £47.91
UK median hourly rate £22.54 £29.25 £27.61
% change year-on-year -22.96% +5.94% +20.04%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 16 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +14 150 £575 -7.26% 106
South East -12 11 £550 - 44
East of England -10 10 £404 -29.77% 64
North of England -8 6 £563 +32.35% 4
Yorkshire -10 4 £513 +28.13% 3
Midlands - 4 £350 - 6
West Midlands - 4 £350 - 6
South West -5 2 £525 - 9
North West -17 2 £613 +44.12% 1
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 16 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 117 (62.90%) Python
2 101 (54.30%) Data Science
3 100 (53.76%) Mathematics
4 87 (46.77%) Machine Learning
5 84 (45.16%) Computer Science
6 69 (37.10%) Analytics
7 68 (36.56%) Algorithms
8 63 (33.87%) C++
9 59 (31.72%) Finance
9 59 (31.72%) Degree
10 58 (31.18%) R
11 41 (22.04%) Analytical Skills
11 41 (22.04%) Deep Learning
12 39 (20.97%) Big Data
12 39 (20.97%) Statistics
13 37 (19.89%) TensorFlow
14 33 (17.74%) SQL
15 31 (16.67%) Problem-Solving
16 30 (16.13%) Natural Language Processing
16 30 (16.13%) Hadoop
17 27 (14.52%) Keras
18 25 (13.44%) Java
18 25 (13.44%) Linux
19 24 (12.90%) Physics
20 23 (12.37%) Software Engineering
20 23 (12.37%) Visualisation
21 22 (11.83%) Front Office
21 22 (11.83%) Agile Software Development
21 22 (11.83%) Artificial Intelligence
21 22 (11.83%) Apache Spark

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (11.83%) Apache Spark
2 15 (8.06%) SAS
3 8 (4.30%) nginx
4 5 (2.69%) SharePoint
5 3 (1.61%) OpenStack
6 2 (1.08%) Apache
6 2 (1.08%) Apache Solr
6 2 (1.08%) CMS
6 2 (1.08%) Elasticsearch
6 2 (1.08%) Oracle Coherence
7 1 (0.54%) Apache Pig
7 1 (0.54%) Jadu
7 1 (0.54%) Jupyter
Applications
1 5 (2.69%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 1 (0.54%) Finacle
1 1 (0.54%) FLEXCUBE
1 1 (0.54%) Remedy ITSM
1 1 (0.54%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 16 (8.60%) Amazon AWS
2 9 (4.84%) Cloud Computing
3 5 (2.69%) Microsoft Azure
4 3 (1.61%) Google Cloud Platform
4 3 (1.61%) IaaS
4 3 (1.61%) PaaS
5 2 (1.08%) Amazon EMR
5 2 (1.08%) GitHub
6 1 (0.54%) Amazon S3
6 1 (0.54%) Azure Data Factory
6 1 (0.54%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 7 (3.76%) LTE
2 6 (3.23%) 3G
2 6 (3.23%) 5G
3 5 (2.69%) 3GPP
3 5 (2.69%) TCP/IP
3 5 (2.69%) Wireless
4 4 (2.15%) 4G
5 3 (1.61%) 802.11
5 3 (1.61%) Radio Access Network
5 3 (1.61%) VoLTE
6 2 (1.08%) Internet
6 2 (1.08%) MIMO
7 1 (0.54%) GSM
7 1 (0.54%) SMS
7 1 (0.54%) UMTS
7 1 (0.54%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (20.97%) Big Data
2 30 (16.13%) Hadoop
3 16 (8.60%) Apache Cassandra
3 16 (8.60%) NoSQL
4 15 (8.06%) HBase
5 12 (6.45%) MongoDB
6 11 (5.91%) Data Mining
6 11 (5.91%) Sqoop
7 6 (3.23%) Amazon RDS
7 6 (3.23%) Apache Hive
8 4 (2.15%) Impala
8 4 (2.15%) Relational Database
9 3 (1.61%) KNIME
9 3 (1.61%) PostgreSQL
10 2 (1.08%) Blockchain
10 2 (1.08%) Data Warehouse
10 2 (1.08%) Power BI
11 1 (0.54%) Data Lake
11 1 (0.54%) OLAP
11 1 (0.54%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 12 (6.45%) Git (software)
2 3 (1.61%) Visual Studio
3 1 (0.54%) Eclipse
3 1 (0.54%) JIRA
3 1 (0.54%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 59 (31.72%) Finance
2 22 (11.83%) Front Office
3 18 (9.68%) Banking
4 15 (8.06%) Marketing
5 13 (6.99%) Investment Banking
6 5 (2.69%) Financial Institution
6 5 (2.69%) Games
6 5 (2.69%) Law
7 3 (1.61%) Advertising
7 3 (1.61%) Automotive
7 3 (1.61%) Manufacturing
7 3 (1.61%) Publishing
8 1 (0.54%) Aerospace
8 1 (0.54%) Electronics
8 1 (0.54%) Retail
8 1 (0.54%) Retail Banking
8 1 (0.54%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 91 (48.92%) Data Scientist
2 30 (16.13%) Developer
3 18 (9.68%) Quantitative Developer
4 17 (9.14%) Analyst
5 15 (8.06%) Qualitative Analyst
5 15 (8.06%) Quantitative Analyst
6 11 (5.91%) Analyst Developer
6 11 (5.91%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
7 9 (4.84%) Computer Scientist
7 9 (4.84%) Computer Vision Scientist
8 7 (3.76%) Data Engineer
8 7 (3.76%) Python Engineer
9 6 (3.23%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 5 (2.69%) C++ Developer
10 5 (2.69%) Computer Engineer
10 5 (2.69%) Computer Vision Engineer
10 5 (2.69%) Low Latency C++ Developer
10 5 (2.69%) Senior Data Scientist
10 5 (2.69%) Software Engineer
11 4 (2.15%) Machine Learning Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (19.89%) TensorFlow
2 30 (16.13%) Natural Language Processing
3 27 (14.52%) Keras
4 15 (8.06%) Kafka
5 14 (7.53%) Pandas
6 12 (6.45%) NumPy
7 10 (5.38%) OpenCV
8 8 (4.30%) Flask
8 8 (4.30%) Theano
9 7 (3.76%) scikit-learn
10 3 (1.61%) .NET
10 3 (1.61%) 802.1X
10 3 (1.61%) SciPy
10 3 (1.61%) Spring
10 3 (1.61%) WPF
11 2 (1.08%) .NET Framework
11 2 (1.08%) Entity Framework
11 2 (1.08%) Silverlight
11 2 (1.08%) WCF
11 2 (1.08%) WinForms
Miscellaneous
1 84 (45.16%) Computer Science
2 68 (36.56%) Algorithms
3 41 (22.04%) Analytical Skills
4 14 (7.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 6 (3.23%) Derivative
5 6 (3.23%) Hedge funds
5 6 (3.23%) User Experience
6 5 (2.69%) Data Structures
6 5 (2.69%) Equity Derivative
7 4 (2.15%) Fixed Income
7 4 (2.15%) Life Science
7 4 (2.15%) RIA
8 3 (1.61%) Data Centre
8 3 (1.61%) Infotainment
8 3 (1.61%) Virtual Team
9 2 (1.08%) Acoustics
9 2 (1.08%) Credit Risk
9 2 (1.08%) Market Risk
9 2 (1.08%) Robotics
9 2 (1.08%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 25 (13.44%) Linux
2 8 (4.30%) Unix
3 3 (1.61%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 101 (54.30%) Data Science
2 100 (53.76%) Mathematics
3 87 (46.77%) Machine Learning
4 69 (37.10%) Analytics
5 41 (22.04%) Deep Learning
6 39 (20.97%) Statistics
7 31 (16.67%) Problem-Solving
8 24 (12.90%) Physics
9 23 (12.37%) Software Engineering
9 23 (12.37%) Visualisation
10 22 (11.83%) Agile Software Development
10 22 (11.83%) Artificial Intelligence
11 19 (10.22%) Computer Vision
12 18 (9.68%) Prototyping
13 17 (9.14%) Convolutional Neural Network
14 16 (8.60%) Random Forest
15 15 (8.06%) Creative Problem-Solving
15 15 (8.06%) Neural Network
15 15 (8.06%) Quantitative Research
16 13 (6.99%) Applied Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 117 (62.90%) Python
2 63 (33.87%) C++
3 58 (31.18%) R
4 33 (17.74%) SQL
5 25 (13.44%) Java
6 20 (10.75%) MATLAB
7 17 (9.14%) Scala
8 14 (7.53%) C#
9 10 (5.38%) C
10 5 (2.69%) JavaScript
11 4 (2.15%) Perl
12 1 (0.54%) Fortran
12 1 (0.54%) Ruby
12 1 (0.54%) VB
12 1 (0.54%) VBA
12 1 (0.54%) VC++
Qualifications
1 59 (31.72%) Degree
2 22 (11.83%) Master's Degree
3 13 (6.99%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (1.08%) MBA
4 2 (1.08%) Numerate Degree
5 1 (0.54%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.54%) Security Cleared
5 1 (0.54%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (9.68%) QA
2 16 (8.60%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.54%) EMIR
3 1 (0.54%) GCP
3 1 (0.54%) IFRS
3 1 (0.54%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 13 (6.99%) Apache Flume
2 10 (5.38%) Docker
3 2 (1.08%) HDFS
3 2 (1.08%) Platform Symphony
4 1 (0.54%) Firmware
4 1 (0.54%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 3 (1.61%) Netcool
1 3 (1.61%) NSN NetAct
1 3 (1.61%) OpenView
1 3 (1.61%) TeMIP
2 2 (1.08%) Terraform
3 1 (0.54%) Kibana
Vendors
1 14 (7.53%) Hortonworks
1 14 (7.53%) Microsoft
2 12 (6.45%) Google
3 7 (3.76%) Oracle
3 7 (3.76%) Tableau
4 3 (1.61%) Cloudera
4 3 (1.61%) Databricks
5 2 (1.08%) Alteryx
5 2 (1.08%) Capita
5 2 (1.08%) MapR
5 2 (1.08%) Nokia
6 1 (0.54%) BMC
6 1 (0.54%) Dataiku
6 1 (0.54%) Remedy
6 1 (0.54%) SAP
6 1 (0.54%) VMware