Period
to 24 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 24 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 613 443 561
Rank change year-on-year -170 +118 +103
Contract jobs citing PhD 111 51 250
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.17% 0.20% 0.31%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.92% 0.76% 1.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 68 25 185
10th Percentile £363 £355 £334
25th Percentile £490 £413 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £650 £500 £600
Median % change year-on-year +30.00% -16.67% +4.35%
75th Percentile £766 £650 £688
90th Percentile £800 £713 £825
UK median daily rate £545 £500 £600
% change year-on-year +9.00% -16.67% +4.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 7 8
10th Percentile £18.46 £38.95 £18.00
25th Percentile £21.57 £42.88 £20.36
Median hourly rate £33.15 £45.00 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year -26.33% -14.29% +19.32%
75th Percentile £53.31 £61.25 £53.75
90th Percentile £114.88 £66.75 £55.58
UK median hourly rate £33.15 £45.00 £52.50
% change year-on-year -26.33% -14.29% +19.32%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 12,058 6,679 15,885
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.72% 25.84% 19.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,791 4,519 10,086
10th Percentile £313 £300 £263
25th Percentile £408 £400 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £480 £475
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £688 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £465
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.15% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 578 217 659
10th Percentile £12.36 £15.63 £13.50
25th Percentile £16.25 £20.75 £17.50
Median hourly rate £33.00 £33.75 £40.00
Median % change year-on-year -2.22% -15.63% +77.50%
75th Percentile £54.47 £48.75 £50.00
90th Percentile £65.51 £64.50 £60.10
UK median hourly rate £33.00 £31.61 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.40% -20.98% +74.44%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PhD in England.

Daily rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 24 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PhD in England.

Hourly rate trend for PhD in England

PhD
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PhD in England over the 6 months to 24 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PhD in England

PhD
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the England region over the 6 months to 24 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -145 85 £700 +7.69% 51
South East -85 14 £400 -5.88% 18
East of England -45 8 £518 -0.24% 39
Midlands - 3 £600 - 10
East Midlands - 2 £600 - 4
West Midlands - 1 £375 - 6
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 24 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PhD.

1 61 (54.95%) Degree
2 56 (50.45%) Python
3 53 (47.75%) Finance
4 39 (35.14%) Mathematics
5 33 (29.73%) Analytics
5 33 (29.73%) Social Skills
6 30 (27.03%) Software Engineering
7 28 (25.23%) Algorithms
8 25 (22.52%) Machine Learning
8 25 (22.52%) Physics
8 25 (22.52%) Git (software)
8 25 (22.52%) Azure
8 25 (22.52%) AWS
9 23 (20.72%) Data Science
10 21 (18.92%) GCP
11 20 (18.02%) Computer Science
11 20 (18.02%) Agile Software Development
12 19 (17.12%) Statistics
12 19 (17.12%) Coaching
12 19 (17.12%) Data Engineering
13 18 (16.22%) Data Munging
13 18 (16.22%) Serverless
13 18 (16.22%) The Twelve-Factor App
13 18 (16.22%) Front Office
13 18 (16.22%) Test Automation
13 18 (16.22%) Data Extraction
14 17 (15.32%) C#
14 17 (15.32%) Tandem
14 17 (15.32%) Azure Data Factory
14 17 (15.32%) Azure Functions

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (5.41%) Apache Spark
2 5 (4.50%) SAS
3 2 (1.80%) Jupyter
4 1 (0.90%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 1 (0.90%) Simulink
1 1 (0.90%) S-PLUS
1 1 (0.90%) Zemax
Business Applications
1 1 (0.90%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
1 1 (0.90%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 25 (22.52%) AWS
1 25 (22.52%) Azure
2 21 (18.92%) GCP
3 18 (16.22%) Serverless
4 17 (15.32%) Azure Data Factory
4 17 (15.32%) Azure Functions
5 3 (2.70%) Amazon S3
5 3 (2.70%) Power Platform
6 2 (1.80%) Amazon ECS
7 1 (0.90%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 1 (0.90%) Amazon EC2
7 1 (0.90%) Amazon SQS
7 1 (0.90%) AWS CloudFormation
7 1 (0.90%) AWS Fargate
7 1 (0.90%) AWS Lambda
7 1 (0.90%) Azure Machine Learning
7 1 (0.90%) Facebook Ads
7 1 (0.90%) GitHub
7 1 (0.90%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 1 (0.90%) 3GPP
1 1 (0.90%) 4G
1 1 (0.90%) 5G
1 1 (0.90%) HTTP
1 1 (0.90%) LTE
1 1 (0.90%) MIMO
1 1 (0.90%) Radio Access Network
1 1 (0.90%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6 (5.41%) Big Data
2 4 (3.60%) Data Mining
3 3 (2.70%) Hadoop
3 3 (2.70%) Power BI
3 3 (2.70%) Tableau
4 2 (1.80%) Relational Database
4 2 (1.80%) SQL Server
5 1 (0.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 1 (0.90%) Apache Hive
5 1 (0.90%) Data Mart
5 1 (0.90%) Geospatial Data
5 1 (0.90%) Metadata
5 1 (0.90%) PostgreSQL
5 1 (0.90%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 25 (22.52%) Git (software)
2 3 (2.70%) Bitbucket
2 3 (2.70%) git-flow
2 3 (2.70%) IntelliJ
2 3 (2.70%) JIRA
2 3 (2.70%) Team Foundation Server
2 3 (2.70%) TeamCity
2 3 (2.70%) Visual Studio
3 1 (0.90%) Jenkins
3 1 (0.90%) LabVIEW
3 1 (0.90%) MLflow
3 1 (0.90%) webpack
General
1 53 (47.75%) Finance
2 33 (29.73%) Social Skills
3 18 (16.22%) Front Office
4 16 (14.41%) Back Office
5 13 (11.71%) Banking
6 12 (10.81%) Social Science
7 11 (9.91%) Presentation Skills
8 9 (8.11%) Marketing
9 8 (7.21%) Investment Banking
10 7 (6.31%) Analytical Skills
11 3 (2.70%) Law
12 2 (1.80%) Electronics
12 2 (1.80%) Games
12 2 (1.80%) Pharmaceutical
12 2 (1.80%) Public Sector
12 2 (1.80%) Retail
13 1 (0.90%) Influencing Skills
13 1 (0.90%) Legal
13 1 (0.90%) Police
13 1 (0.90%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 36 (32.43%) Developer
2 28 (25.23%) Quantitative Developer
3 20 (18.02%) Analyst
3 20 (18.02%) Data Scientist
4 14 (12.61%) Qualitative Analyst
4 14 (12.61%) Quantitative Analyst
5 13 (11.71%) C# Developer
6 9 (8.11%) User Researcher
7 8 (7.21%) C# Developer - Investment Banking
7 8 (7.21%) C# Quant Developer
8 7 (6.31%) Analyst Developer
8 7 (6.31%) Python Developer
8 7 (6.31%) Senior Data Scientist
9 6 (5.41%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 6 (5.41%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
10 4 (3.60%) Biologist
10 4 (3.60%) Computational Biologist
10 4 (3.60%) Data Engineer
10 4 (3.60%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 4 (3.60%) Senior User Researcher
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (13.51%) TensorFlow
2 13 (11.71%) .NET
3 11 (9.91%) .NET Framework
4 9 (8.11%) Keras
4 9 (8.11%) NumPy
5 7 (6.31%) PyTorch
5 7 (6.31%) SciPy
6 5 (4.50%) REST
7 4 (3.60%) React
7 4 (3.60%) RESTful
8 3 (2.70%) Autofac
8 3 (2.70%) Entity Framework
8 3 (2.70%) FIX Protocol
8 3 (2.70%) Managed Extensibility Framework
8 3 (2.70%) OpenCV
8 3 (2.70%) Protocol Buffers
8 3 (2.70%) WCF
8 3 (2.70%) WPF
9 2 (1.80%) D3.js
9 2 (1.80%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 28 (25.23%) Algorithms
2 17 (15.32%) Tandem
3 12 (10.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 11 (9.91%) User Experience
5 8 (7.21%) Legacy Applications
6 6 (5.41%) Data Structures
7 4 (3.60%) FMCG
8 3 (2.70%) Analytical Mindset
8 3 (2.70%) Life Science
8 3 (2.70%) Social Media
9 2 (1.80%) Derivative
9 2 (1.80%) Fixed Income
9 2 (1.80%) Greenfield Project
9 2 (1.80%) Management Information System
10 1 (0.90%) Energy Derivatives
10 1 (0.90%) Equities
10 1 (0.90%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
10 1 (0.90%) PMI
10 1 (0.90%) Verilog
10 1 (0.90%) VHDL
Operating Systems
1 7 (6.31%) Linux
2 4 (3.60%) Unix
3 3 (2.70%) VMS
3 3 (2.70%) Windows
4 1 (0.90%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 39 (35.14%) Mathematics
2 33 (29.73%) Analytics
3 30 (27.03%) Software Engineering
4 25 (22.52%) Machine Learning
4 25 (22.52%) Physics
5 23 (20.72%) Data Science
6 20 (18.02%) Agile Software Development
6 20 (18.02%) Computer Science
7 19 (17.12%) Coaching
7 19 (17.12%) Data Engineering
7 19 (17.12%) Statistics
8 18 (16.22%) Data Extraction
8 18 (16.22%) Data Munging
8 18 (16.22%) Test Automation
8 18 (16.22%) The Twelve-Factor App
9 13 (11.71%) Artificial Intelligence
9 13 (11.71%) Validation
10 11 (9.91%) Model Validation
10 11 (9.91%) Predictive Modelling
11 10 (9.01%) Time Series Analysis
Programming Languages
1 56 (50.45%) Python
2 17 (15.32%) C#
3 16 (14.41%) C++
4 14 (12.61%) R
5 7 (6.31%) SQL
6 6 (5.41%) Java
6 6 (5.41%) Perl
7 5 (4.50%) MATLAB
8 4 (3.60%) C
9 3 (2.70%) Scala
9 3 (2.70%) XAML
10 2 (1.80%) JavaScript
10 2 (1.80%) Julia
11 1 (0.90%) Go
11 1 (0.90%) Haskell
11 1 (0.90%) ML
11 1 (0.90%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 61 (54.95%) Degree
2 14 (12.61%) Numerate Degree
3 7 (6.31%) Master's Degree
4 6 (5.41%) SC Cleared
4 6 (5.41%) Security Cleared
5 4 (3.60%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (2.70%) CCNA
6 3 (2.70%) Cisco Certification
6 3 (2.70%) CISM
6 3 (2.70%) MCAD
6 3 (2.70%) Microsoft Certification
6 3 (2.70%) OCMJD
6 3 (2.70%) Postgraduate
7 1 (0.90%) PgMP
7 1 (0.90%) PMI Certification
7 1 (0.90%) PMP
7 1 (0.90%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (2.70%) Cyber Essentials
1 3 (2.70%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
1 3 (2.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
1 3 (2.70%) QA
System Software
1 4 (3.60%) Docker
Systems Management
1 3 (2.70%) Kubernetes
2 2 (1.80%) Terraform
3 1 (0.90%) Ansible
3 1 (0.90%) Grafana
Vendors
1 3 (2.70%) Google
1 3 (2.70%) Microsoft
2 2 (1.80%) Facebook
3 1 (0.90%) Intel
3 1 (0.90%) Sparx
3 1 (0.90%) Spotify
3 1 (0.90%) Xilinx