Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 382 412 353
Rank change year-on-year +30 -59 +18
Contract jobs citing SSL 265 341 694
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.55% 0.51% 0.71%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 4.64% 3.78% 5.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 267 248 438
Median daily rate £525 £516 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.69% +3.25% -3.85%
10th Percentile £322 £363 £326
90th Percentile £738 £704 £627
UK excluding London median daily rate £405 £485 £436
% change year-on-year -16.49% +11.17% -8.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 7
Median hourly rate - £29.40 £25.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +14.53% -22.21%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £29.40 £25.67
% change year-on-year - +14.53% -22.21%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 5,716 9,029 12,452
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.84% 13.49% 12.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,612 5,583 7,677
Median daily rate £440 £415 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.02% -2.35% +6.12%
10th Percentile £213 £178 £200
90th Percentile £613 £600 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 281 498 554
Median hourly rate £30.00 £21.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% +16.67% -5.26%
10th Percentile £12.98 £13.34 £12.00
90th Percentile £61.00 £51.98 £48.75
Median hourly rate £25.00 £20.00 £17.23
% change year-on-year +25.00% +16.09% -12.99%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SSL.

Daily rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SSL.

Hourly rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the UK over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +17 167 £450 -13.46% 73
Work from Home -124 110 £525 +23.53% 20
UK excluding London +56 108 £405 -16.49% 56
London -4 71 £525 -4.55% 22
South East +95 37 £470 +16.63% 19
Scotland +3 19 £405 -17.35%
North of England +36 16 £385 -34.83% 14
South West +70 15 £425 +7.94% 9
Midlands +35 11 £400 -10.11% 7
East of England +67 10 £538 -10.42% 1
North West +36 7 £375 -43.40% 7
Yorkshire +36 6 £125 -81.48% 4
East Midlands +29 6 £400 - 3
West Midlands +22 4 £400 -11.11% 4
North East +13 3 £394 -19.59% 3

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SSL.

1 97 (36.60%) AWS
2 87 (32.83%) Linux
3 77 (29.06%) TCP/IP
4 75 (28.30%) DevOps
5 72 (27.17%) HTTP
6 71 (26.79%) Firewall
7 63 (23.77%) Jenkins
8 62 (23.40%) SQL
9 56 (21.13%) Docker
10 55 (20.75%) Azure
11 53 (20.00%) DNS
11 53 (20.00%) Kubernetes
12 52 (19.62%) Java
13 51 (19.25%) Python
14 50 (18.87%) VPN
15 49 (18.49%) Agile Software Development
16 45 (16.98%) Git (software)
17 44 (16.60%) Windows
18 43 (16.23%) IPsec
19 42 (15.85%) SAML
20 40 (15.09%) Microsoft
20 40 (15.09%) Security Cleared
21 38 (14.34%) Microservices
21 38 (14.34%) Cybersecurity
22 37 (13.96%) GCP
22 37 (13.96%) OAuth
23 36 (13.58%) Cisco
23 36 (13.58%) Single Sign-On
24 34 (12.83%) Ansible
24 34 (12.83%) Active Directory

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (11.32%) Apache
2 26 (9.81%) Tomcat
3 20 (7.55%) IIS
4 16 (6.04%) WebSphere
5 11 (4.15%) Elasticsearch
5 11 (4.15%) nginx
5 11 (4.15%) SharePoint
6 9 (3.40%) WebSphere Application Server
7 8 (3.02%) JBoss
7 8 (3.02%) WebLogic
8 7 (2.64%) Confluence
9 5 (1.89%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 5 (1.89%) Apache ServiceMix
9 5 (1.89%) IBM Domino
10 4 (1.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 3 (1.13%) IBM HTTP Server
11 3 (1.13%) Oracle HTTP Server
11 3 (1.13%) WordPress
12 2 (0.75%) Jetty
12 2 (0.75%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 13 (4.91%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.89%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 6 (2.26%) Magento
2 5 (1.89%) Shopify
3 3 (1.13%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (0.75%) Oracle 11i
4 2 (0.75%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.75%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.38%) Dynamics GP
5 1 (0.38%) Finacle
5 1 (0.38%) Radian6
Cloud Services
1 97 (36.60%) AWS
2 55 (20.75%) Azure
3 37 (13.96%) GCP
4 34 (12.83%) Amazon EC2
5 16 (6.04%) GitHub
6 14 (5.28%) Microsoft 365
7 12 (4.53%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 11 (4.15%) Google Analytics
9 8 (3.02%) Azure Active Directory
10 7 (2.64%) Amazon S3
10 7 (2.64%) IaaS
11 6 (2.26%) AWS Lambda
11 6 (2.26%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 6 (2.26%) PaaS
11 6 (2.26%) Serverless
12 5 (1.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 5 (1.89%) Cloud Computing
13 4 (1.51%) AWS CloudFormation
13 4 (1.51%) AWS CloudTrail
13 4 (1.51%) AWS CodePipeline
Communications & Networking
1 77 (29.06%) TCP/IP
2 72 (27.17%) HTTP
3 71 (26.79%) Firewall
4 53 (20.00%) DNS
5 50 (18.87%) VPN
6 43 (16.23%) IPsec
7 31 (11.70%) WAN
8 30 (11.32%) Kerberos
9 24 (9.06%) DHCP
9 24 (9.06%) LAN
10 22 (8.30%) BGP
11 20 (7.55%) HTTPS
11 20 (7.55%) OSPF
12 19 (7.17%) Network Security
13 18 (6.79%) FTP
13 18 (6.79%) MPLS
13 18 (6.79%) SSH
14 17 (6.42%) Internet
15 15 (5.66%) Wireless
16 13 (4.91%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (5.66%) Relational Database
2 12 (4.53%) NoSQL
3 10 (3.77%) MongoDB
3 10 (3.77%) SQL Server
4 9 (3.40%) MySQL
5 6 (2.26%) Amazon RDS
6 5 (1.89%) Oracle Database
7 4 (1.51%) Big Data
7 4 (1.51%) Hadoop
7 4 (1.51%) Oracle Database 11g
7 4 (1.51%) RDBMS
8 3 (1.13%) PostgreSQL
9 2 (0.75%) BigQuery
9 2 (0.75%) Data Warehouse
9 2 (0.75%) Oracle Database 10g
9 2 (0.75%) Oracle Database 12c
9 2 (0.75%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 63 (23.77%) Jenkins
2 45 (16.98%) Git (software)
3 20 (7.55%) JIRA
4 14 (5.28%) Selenium
5 13 (4.91%) Cucumber
5 13 (4.91%) Gatling
6 11 (4.15%) Maven
7 10 (3.77%) Sonatype Nexus
8 8 (3.02%) JUnit
9 7 (2.64%) Subversion
10 6 (2.26%) Bitbucket
10 6 (2.26%) GitLab
10 6 (2.26%) gulp
11 5 (1.89%) Artifactory
11 5 (1.89%) SoapUI
11 5 (1.89%) SonarQube
12 4 (1.51%) Ant
12 4 (1.51%) Team Foundation Server
13 3 (1.13%) Eclipse
13 3 (1.13%) IntelliJ
General
1 25 (9.43%) Finance
2 22 (8.30%) Banking
3 9 (3.40%) Public Sector
4 5 (1.89%) Investment Banking
4 5 (1.89%) Retail Banking
5 4 (1.51%) Telecoms
6 3 (1.13%) Legal
6 3 (1.13%) Pharmaceutical
7 1 (0.38%) Advertising
7 1 (0.38%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 52 (19.62%) Developer
2 33 (12.45%) Consultant
3 31 (11.70%) DevOps Engineer
4 28 (10.57%) Architect
5 24 (9.06%) Platform Engineer
6 23 (8.68%) AWS Engineer
6 23 (8.68%) Network Engineer
7 22 (8.30%) Security Consultant
8 21 (7.92%) AWS DevOps
8 21 (7.92%) Product Owner
8 21 (7.92%) Senior Consultant
8 21 (7.92%) Senior Product Owner
8 21 (7.92%) Senior Security Consultant
9 19 (7.17%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 18 (6.79%) Java Developer
11 11 (4.15%) Administrator
11 11 (4.15%) Security Engineer
12 9 (3.40%) Analyst
12 9 (3.40%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 8 (3.02%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (15.85%) SAML
2 37 (13.96%) OAuth
3 32 (12.08%) OpenID
3 32 (12.08%) REST
4 29 (10.94%) OAuth2
4 29 (10.94%) XML
5 25 (9.43%) Node.js
6 24 (9.06%) XACML
7 23 (8.68%) LDAP
8 21 (7.92%) Middleware
8 21 (7.92%) SOAP
8 21 (7.92%) Web Services
9 20 (7.55%) HTML
9 20 (7.55%) Spring
10 17 (6.42%) CSS
11 16 (6.04%) JSON
12 13 (4.91%) .NET
12 13 (4.91%) AngularJS
12 13 (4.91%) Spring Boot
13 12 (4.53%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 26 (9.81%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
2 21 (7.92%) Analytical Skills
3 19 (7.17%) Data Centre
3 19 (7.17%) Greenfield Project
4 12 (4.53%) Clustering
4 12 (4.53%) PKI
5 10 (3.77%) Management Information System
6 6 (2.26%) Internet of Things
7 5 (1.89%) Public Cloud
8 4 (1.51%) Data Structures
8 4 (1.51%) Linux Command Line
8 4 (1.51%) User Experience
9 3 (1.13%) DataPower
9 3 (1.13%) Device Driver
9 3 (1.13%) Enterprise Software
9 3 (1.13%) Fixed Income
9 3 (1.13%) N-Tier
9 3 (1.13%) Replication
9 3 (1.13%) Self-Motivation
10 2 (0.75%) RSA SecurID
Operating Systems
1 87 (32.83%) Linux
2 44 (16.60%) Windows
3 27 (10.19%) Unix
4 17 (6.42%) Windows Server
5 10 (3.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (2.64%) Windows Server 2008
6 7 (2.64%) Windows Server 2012
7 6 (2.26%) Solaris
8 5 (1.89%) Ubuntu
8 5 (1.89%) VMS
9 3 (1.13%) Amazon Linux
9 3 (1.13%) Windows 10
10 2 (0.75%) CentOS
10 2 (0.75%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.75%) Windows Server 2016
10 2 (0.75%) Windows XP
11 1 (0.38%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.38%) FreeBSD
11 1 (0.38%) SUSE
11 1 (0.38%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 75 (28.30%) DevOps
2 49 (18.49%) Agile Software Development
3 38 (14.34%) Cybersecurity
3 38 (14.34%) Microservices
4 33 (12.45%) Security Architecture
5 30 (11.32%) Product Roadmap
6 29 (10.94%) Test Automation
7 28 (10.57%) Continuous Integration
8 27 (10.19%) Migration
9 25 (9.43%) Enterprise Architecture
10 24 (9.06%) Analytics
11 23 (8.68%) ITIL
11 23 (8.68%) Problem-Solving
12 22 (8.30%) Open Source
13 21 (7.92%) Security Patching
14 20 (7.55%) Mentoring
14 20 (7.55%) Scrum
15 17 (6.42%) Configuration Management
16 16 (6.04%) Software Engineering
17 15 (5.66%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 62 (23.40%) SQL
2 52 (19.62%) Java
3 51 (19.25%) Python
4 34 (12.83%) JavaScript
5 24 (9.06%) Shell Script
6 23 (8.68%) PowerShell
7 22 (8.30%) Bash Shell
8 21 (7.92%) Perl
9 13 (4.91%) PHP
10 9 (3.40%) C#
10 9 (3.40%) Scala
11 7 (2.64%) C
11 7 (2.64%) Go
11 7 (2.64%) TypeScript
12 6 (2.26%) Java 8
12 6 (2.26%) PL/SQL
13 5 (1.89%) Groovy
13 5 (1.89%) T-SQL
14 3 (1.13%) Haskell
14 3 (1.13%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 40 (15.09%) Security Cleared
2 33 (12.45%) SC Cleared
3 23 (8.68%) Cisco Certification
4 15 (5.66%) CCNP
5 9 (3.40%) CCNA
6 8 (3.02%) Degree
7 5 (1.89%) Microsoft Certification
8 4 (1.51%) AWS Certification
8 4 (1.51%) CISSP
9 3 (1.13%) CISM
9 3 (1.13%) MCSE
9 3 (1.13%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 2 (0.75%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 2 (0.75%) CCSP
10 2 (0.75%) CREST Certified
10 2 (0.75%) GCFA
10 2 (0.75%) GCIA
10 2 (0.75%) GCIH
11 1 (0.38%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 1 (0.38%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (3.77%) SLA
2 8 (3.02%) QA
2 8 (3.02%) WCAG
3 7 (2.64%) NIST
4 6 (2.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.75%) COBIT
5 2 (0.75%) GDPR
5 2 (0.75%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.38%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.38%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.38%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.38%) NCSC
6 1 (0.38%) NIST 800
6 1 (0.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 56 (21.13%) Docker
2 34 (12.83%) Active Directory
3 24 (9.06%) RACF
4 22 (8.30%) VMware Infrastructure
5 7 (2.64%) Firmware
5 7 (2.64%) Postfix
5 7 (2.64%) qmail
6 6 (2.26%) Hyper-V
6 6 (2.26%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (1.89%) VMware NSX
7 5 (1.89%) XenApp
7 5 (1.89%) XenDesktop
8 4 (1.51%) Oracle RAC
8 4 (1.51%) Xen
9 3 (1.13%) vSphere
10 2 (0.75%) NFS
10 2 (0.75%) Samba
10 2 (0.75%) Sendmail
10 2 (0.75%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 2 (0.75%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 53 (20.00%) Kubernetes
2 36 (13.58%) Single Sign-On
3 34 (12.83%) Ansible
4 33 (12.45%) Puppet
5 15 (5.66%) Terraform
6 14 (5.28%) Grafana
6 14 (5.28%) Opscode Chef
7 11 (4.15%) Kibana
8 6 (2.26%) SCCM
8 6 (2.26%) SCOM
9 5 (1.89%) HP NNM
10 4 (1.51%) Norton AntiVirus
10 4 (1.51%) Oracle RMAN
10 4 (1.51%) PingFederate
10 4 (1.51%) PowerCLI
10 4 (1.51%) SCDPM
11 3 (1.13%) HP ALM
11 3 (1.13%) HP Fortify
11 3 (1.13%) ITRS Geneos
11 3 (1.13%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 40 (15.09%) Microsoft
2 36 (13.58%) Cisco
3 31 (11.70%) VMware
4 30 (11.32%) Oracle
5 26 (9.81%) F5
6 20 (7.55%) Google
7 18 (6.79%) IBM
8 14 (5.28%) HP
9 13 (4.91%) Juniper
10 9 (3.40%) Blue Coat
10 9 (3.40%) ServiceNow
10 9 (3.40%) Splunk
11 8 (3.02%) Adobe
11 8 (3.02%) Red Hat
11 8 (3.02%) Riverbed
12 7 (2.64%) Citrix
12 7 (2.64%) EMC
12 7 (2.64%) Ivanti
12 7 (2.64%) Remedy
13 6 (2.26%) Veeam