Period
to 27 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 27 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK
6 months to
27 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 424 365 328
Rank change year-on-year -59 -37 -40
Contract jobs citing SSL 498 690 690
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.55% 0.68% 0.75%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 4.31% 5.14% 5.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 315 445 465
UK median daily rate £508 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.50% +5.26% +15.15%
10th Percentile £353 £300 £338
90th Percentile £633 £650 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £478 £425 £475
% change year-on-year +12.35% -10.53% +18.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 11 4
UK median hourly rate £25.12 £29.00 £20.48
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.38% +41.64% -49.44%
10th Percentile £22.50 £15.00 £14.08
90th Percentile £47.50 £36.50 £28.48
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.12 £29.00 £17.00
% change year-on-year -13.38% +70.59% -57.50%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 11,546 13,415 12,790
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.67% 13.27% 13.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,077 8,229 7,745
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £202 £205 £206
90th Percentile £610 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £408 £391 £388
% change year-on-year +4.35% +0.78% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 560 738 751
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £19.49 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.34% -2.58% -23.08%
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.20 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.50 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.73 £19.03 £19.38
% change year-on-year +3.68% -1.81% -28.22%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SSL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SSL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the UK over the 6 months to 27 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -60 454 £525 +5.00% 19
UK excluding London -3 299 £478 +12.35% 13
London -100 188 £550 - 6
North of England +37 91 £538 +22.86% 2
South East +14 87 £450 +5.88% 5
Yorkshire +18 52 £525 +16.09%
Midlands +22 47 £500 +11.11% 1
West Midlands +13 40 £500 -2.91% 1
North West +43 38 £550 +69.23% 1
Scotland +40 26 £413 -8.33%
South West -18 19 £475 +5.56% 1
East of England -29 18 £393 +8.28% 4
Wales +12 9 £425 -17.07%
East Midlands +11 7 £400 -2.44%
Northern Ireland +13 2 £465 -7.00%
Isle of Man - 1 £350 -

For the 6 months to 27 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SSL.

1 286 (57.43%) Linux
2 217 (43.57%) TCP/IP
3 200 (40.16%) DNS
4 198 (39.76%) HTTP
5 195 (39.16%) Java
6 193 (38.76%) DevOps
7 164 (32.93%) Configuration Management
8 152 (30.52%) Continuous Integration
8 152 (30.52%) Jenkins
9 142 (28.51%) Amazon AWS
10 134 (26.91%) Agile Software Development
10 134 (26.91%) IPsec
11 131 (26.31%) Puppet
12 130 (26.10%) Firewall
13 128 (25.70%) Open Source
14 124 (24.90%) DHCP
15 122 (24.50%) Microsoft
16 118 (23.69%) Git (software)
17 107 (21.49%) Microservices
17 107 (21.49%) FTP
18 106 (21.29%) Docker
19 99 (19.88%) Windows
20 97 (19.48%) VPN
21 96 (19.28%) Cisco
22 92 (18.47%) Python
23 89 (17.87%) MongoDB
24 86 (17.27%) VMware
25 80 (16.06%) Travis CI
26 78 (15.66%) Test Automation
26 78 (15.66%) Apache

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (15.66%) Apache
2 74 (14.86%) nginx
3 69 (13.86%) IIS
3 69 (13.86%) Tomcat
4 51 (10.24%) WebSphere
5 32 (6.43%) JBoss
6 30 (6.02%) Jetty
6 30 (6.02%) Mongrel
7 29 (5.82%) WebLogic
8 17 (3.41%) MS Exchange
9 14 (2.81%) Apache Spark
10 11 (2.21%) IBM Domino
11 9 (1.81%) Elasticsearch
12 8 (1.61%) OpenStack
13 7 (1.41%) Confluence
13 7 (1.41%) Oracle HTTP Server
13 7 (1.41%) WebSphere Application Server
14 5 (1.00%) IBM HTTP Server
14 5 (1.00%) MQSeries
14 5 (1.00%) SharePoint
Applications
1 15 (3.01%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (2.21%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (1.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (1.41%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.20%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.20%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (0.80%) Payment Gateway
2 3 (0.60%) assyst
3 1 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
3 1 (0.20%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 142 (28.51%) Amazon AWS
2 70 (14.06%) Microsoft Azure
3 44 (8.84%) Amazon EC2
4 38 (7.63%) Google Cloud Platform
5 31 (6.22%) Google App Engine
6 24 (4.82%) OpenShift
7 22 (4.42%) Apigee
8 18 (3.61%) Office 365
9 16 (3.21%) GitHub
10 14 (2.81%) Serverless
11 12 (2.41%) AWS Lambda
12 11 (2.21%) Amazon S3
12 11 (2.21%) Azure Active Directory
12 11 (2.21%) Google Analytics
13 10 (2.01%) G Suite
13 10 (2.01%) PaaS
13 10 (2.01%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 9 (1.81%) Amazon SQS
15 5 (1.00%) Cloud Computing
16 4 (0.80%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 217 (43.57%) TCP/IP
2 200 (40.16%) DNS
3 198 (39.76%) HTTP
4 134 (26.91%) IPsec
5 130 (26.10%) Firewall
6 124 (24.90%) DHCP
7 107 (21.49%) FTP
8 97 (19.48%) VPN
9 49 (9.84%) Network Security
9 49 (9.84%) WAN
10 36 (7.23%) LAN
11 31 (6.22%) Internet
12 26 (5.22%) Kerberos
12 26 (5.22%) SMTP
13 25 (5.02%) BGP
13 25 (5.02%) OSPF
14 23 (4.62%) MPLS
14 23 (4.62%) SNMP
14 23 (4.62%) VLAN
15 22 (4.42%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 89 (17.87%) MongoDB
2 65 (13.05%) MySQL
3 63 (12.65%) NoSQL
4 61 (12.25%) Relational Database
5 50 (10.04%) RDBMS
6 33 (6.63%) SQL Server
7 26 (5.22%) PostgreSQL
8 17 (3.41%) Big Data
9 11 (2.21%) Apache Cassandra
9 11 (2.21%) Apache Hive
10 10 (2.01%) Impala
10 10 (2.01%) Oracle Database
10 10 (2.01%) Pentaho
11 6 (1.20%) Hadoop
12 4 (0.80%) Oracle Database 11g
12 4 (0.80%) Oracle Database 12c
13 3 (0.60%) DB2
13 3 (0.60%) GIS
13 3 (0.60%) Redis
14 2 (0.40%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 152 (30.52%) Jenkins
2 118 (23.69%) Git (software)
3 80 (16.06%) Travis CI
4 38 (7.63%) gulp
5 26 (5.22%) Gatling
6 22 (4.42%) GitLab
7 21 (4.22%) Gradle
8 18 (3.61%) Artifactory
8 18 (3.61%) JIRA
8 18 (3.61%) Selenium
9 17 (3.41%) Maven
10 16 (3.21%) Ant
11 15 (3.01%) Cucumber
11 15 (3.01%) Geb
11 15 (3.01%) Spock
12 14 (2.81%) JUnit
13 13 (2.61%) Eclipse
13 13 (2.61%) IntelliJ
13 13 (2.61%) Subversion
14 11 (2.21%) Sublime Text
General
1 47 (9.44%) Finance
2 25 (5.02%) Telecoms
3 23 (4.62%) Banking
4 21 (4.22%) Retail
5 7 (1.41%) Investment Banking
6 6 (1.20%) Pharmaceutical
7 5 (1.00%) Automotive
8 4 (0.80%) Legal
8 4 (0.80%) Marketing
9 2 (0.40%) Advertising
9 2 (0.40%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.40%) Publishing
10 1 (0.20%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.20%) Back Office
10 1 (0.20%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 91 (18.27%) Developer
2 85 (17.07%) DevOps Engineer
3 71 (14.26%) Network Engineer
4 29 (5.82%) Security Engineer
5 28 (5.62%) Java Developer
6 25 (5.02%) Consultant
7 20 (4.02%) Analyst
8 19 (3.82%) Cisco Engineer
8 19 (3.82%) Operations Engineer
8 19 (3.82%) Senior DevOps
9 18 (3.61%) Network Security Engineer
10 17 (3.41%) Architect
10 17 (3.41%) Cisco Network Engineer
11 16 (3.21%) AWS Engineer
11 16 (3.21%) Web Engineer
12 15 (3.01%) Administrator
12 15 (3.01%) Senior Developer
12 15 (3.01%) Support Engineer
13 14 (2.81%) Linux Engineer
14 12 (2.41%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 70 (14.06%) .NET
2 58 (11.65%) REST
3 56 (11.24%) J2EE
3 56 (11.24%) Node.js
4 55 (11.04%) SOAP
5 50 (10.04%) HTML
5 50 (10.04%) LDAP
6 48 (9.64%) Web Services
7 47 (9.44%) XML
8 42 (8.43%) Servlets
9 41 (8.23%) Spring
10 39 (7.83%) CSS
11 36 (7.23%) HTML5
12 34 (6.83%) JSON
12 34 (6.83%) Middleware
13 31 (6.22%) OAuth
14 30 (6.02%) AngularJS
15 22 (4.42%) OAuth2
16 20 (4.02%) Hibernate
16 20 (4.02%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 49 (9.84%) Data Centre
2 32 (6.43%) Analytical Skills
3 29 (5.82%) PKI
4 25 (5.02%) Management Information System
5 19 (3.82%) DataPower
6 15 (3.01%) Clustering
7 13 (2.61%) Enterprise Software
8 11 (2.21%) Client/Server
8 11 (2.21%) Security Operations Centre
9 9 (1.81%) Mobile App
9 9 (1.81%) Public Cloud
10 7 (1.41%) Replication
10 7 (1.41%) Self-Motivation
11 6 (1.20%) CMDB
11 6 (1.20%) Mainframe
11 6 (1.20%) N-Tier
12 4 (0.80%) RSA SecurID
12 4 (0.80%) Smartphone
13 3 (0.60%) Hybrid Cloud
13 3 (0.60%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 286 (57.43%) Linux
2 99 (19.88%) Windows
3 74 (14.86%) Unix
4 34 (6.83%) Windows Server
5 32 (6.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 16 (3.21%) Ubuntu
7 14 (2.81%) AIX
7 14 (2.81%) Windows 10
8 13 (2.61%) Solaris
9 11 (2.21%) Android
9 11 (2.21%) CentOS
9 11 (2.21%) Windows 7
10 10 (2.01%) Apple iOS
10 10 (2.01%) Windows Server 2012
11 9 (1.81%) Debian
11 9 (1.81%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 6 (1.20%) Mac OS X
12 6 (1.20%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (1.00%) VMS
14 3 (0.60%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 193 (38.76%) DevOps
2 164 (32.93%) Configuration Management
3 152 (30.52%) Continuous Integration
4 134 (26.91%) Agile Software Development
5 128 (25.70%) Open Source
6 107 (21.49%) Microservices
7 78 (15.66%) Test Automation
8 61 (12.25%) Problem-Solving
9 57 (11.45%) ITIL
10 44 (8.84%) Target Operating Model
10 44 (8.84%) Thought Leadership
11 40 (8.03%) OO
11 40 (8.03%) OOP
12 38 (7.63%) Migration
13 29 (5.82%) Performance Tuning
14 28 (5.62%) Kalman Filter
14 28 (5.62%) Load Balancing
15 27 (5.42%) Disaster Recovery
16 26 (5.22%) Information Security
17 24 (4.82%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 195 (39.16%) Java
2 92 (18.47%) Python
3 63 (12.65%) SQL
4 62 (12.45%) JavaScript
5 43 (8.63%) Ruby
6 42 (8.43%) PowerShell
7 36 (7.23%) Shell Script
8 32 (6.43%) Bash Shell
9 31 (6.22%) C#
10 27 (5.42%) Perl
11 21 (4.22%) ES6
11 21 (4.22%) Java 8
12 16 (3.21%) TypeScript
13 14 (2.81%) Scala
14 11 (2.21%) Groovy
15 10 (2.01%) C
15 10 (2.01%) Haskell
16 8 (1.61%) PHP
17 7 (1.41%) PL/SQL
18 5 (1.00%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 55 (11.04%) Cisco Certification
2 44 (8.84%) CCNP
3 43 (8.63%) Security Cleared
4 30 (6.02%) SC Cleared
5 27 (5.42%) Degree
6 26 (5.22%) BPSS Clearance
7 24 (4.82%) CCNA
8 15 (3.01%) CCIE
9 14 (2.81%) Microsoft Certification
10 12 (2.41%) ITIL Certification
11 10 (2.01%) MCSE
12 7 (1.41%) Computer Science Degree
12 7 (1.41%) DBS Check
12 7 (1.41%) RHCSA
13 5 (1.00%) CISSP
14 4 (0.80%) CCSE
14 4 (0.80%) JNCIS
14 4 (0.80%) TOGAF Certification
15 3 (0.60%) BC Cleared
15 3 (0.60%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (2.41%) QA
2 9 (1.81%) Disclosure Scotland
3 8 (1.61%) PCI DSS
4 4 (0.80%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.80%) SLA
5 2 (0.40%) GDPR
5 2 (0.40%) GxP
5 2 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 2 (0.40%) NCSC
5 2 (0.40%) PSD2
6 1 (0.20%) COBIT
6 1 (0.20%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.20%) ISO 22301
6 1 (0.20%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.20%) NIST
6 1 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 106 (21.29%) Docker
2 64 (12.85%) Active Directory
2 64 (12.85%) VMware Infrastructure
3 57 (11.45%) Virtual Machines
4 31 (6.22%) Xen
5 16 (3.21%) vSphere
6 12 (2.41%) BitLocker
7 9 (1.81%) Hyper-V
7 9 (1.81%) Snort
7 9 (1.81%) Squid
8 8 (1.61%) LXC
8 8 (1.61%) VMware Workstation
9 7 (1.41%) XenApp
10 6 (1.20%) VMware NSX
10 6 (1.20%) XenDesktop
11 4 (0.80%) IAG
11 4 (0.80%) ProxySG
11 4 (0.80%) Terminal Services
11 4 (0.80%) Tivoli Directory Server
11 4 (0.80%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 131 (26.31%) Puppet
2 73 (14.66%) Opscode Chef
3 72 (14.46%) Kubernetes
4 70 (14.06%) Ansible
5 51 (10.24%) Terraform
6 27 (5.42%) SCCM
7 21 (4.22%) Kibana
8 19 (3.82%) Single Sign-On
9 17 (3.41%) HAProxy
9 17 (3.41%) SCOM
10 16 (3.21%) Docker Swarm
11 12 (2.41%) FortiGate
11 12 (2.41%) Grafana
12 11 (2.21%) Forefront Identity Manager
12 11 (2.21%) Hadoop YARN
13 10 (2.01%) Packer
14 7 (1.41%) CA Single Sign-On
14 7 (1.41%) Salt
15 6 (1.20%) Cisco CUCM
15 6 (1.20%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 122 (24.50%) Microsoft
2 96 (19.28%) Cisco
3 86 (17.27%) VMware
4 56 (11.24%) Google
5 44 (8.84%) IBM
6 42 (8.43%) F5
7 37 (7.43%) CheckPoint
8 34 (6.83%) Red Hat
9 25 (5.02%) Oracle
10 23 (4.62%) Juniper
11 21 (4.22%) Palo Alto
12 20 (4.02%) Blue Coat
13 17 (3.41%) Dynatrace
14 16 (3.21%) Citrix
14 16 (3.21%) ServiceNow
15 15 (3.01%) IronPort
16 13 (2.61%) Cloudera
17 12 (2.41%) CA
18 11 (2.21%) BMC
18 11 (2.21%) webMethods