Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 24 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK
6 months to
24 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 489 411 376
Rank change year-on-year -78 -35 +25
Contract jobs citing SSL 352 295 282
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.40% 0.51% 0.59%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 3.65% 4.48% 4.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 222 175 192
10th Percentile £400 £322 £343
25th Percentile £463 £405 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £506
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -1.23% -3.57%
75th Percentile £633 £600 £636
90th Percentile £675 £675 £723
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £425 £469
% change year-on-year +17.65% -9.32% -6.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 5 0
10th Percentile £43.85 £39.70 -
25th Percentile £46.63 £40.00 -
Median hourly rate £52.50 £53.00 -
Median % change year-on-year -0.94% - -
75th Percentile £56.25 £55.50 -
90th Percentile £57.75 £62.25 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £57.50 £53.00 -
% change year-on-year +8.49% - -

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 9,653 6,585 6,519
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.02% 11.29% 13.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,329 4,238 3,980
10th Percentile £232 £225 £180
25th Percentile £390 £350 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -1.16%
75th Percentile £613 £538 £525
90th Percentile £700 £630 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £405 £400
% change year-on-year +11.18% +1.19% -3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 374 308 362
10th Percentile £15.25 £12.50 £13.50
25th Percentile £17.00 £15.25 £16.25
Median hourly rate £27.88 £25.00 £23.75
Median % change year-on-year +11.50% +5.26% +25.00%
75th Percentile £51.68 £50.00 £47.00
90th Percentile £66.00 £63.98 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £22.00 £19.50
% change year-on-year -2.27% +12.82% +11.43%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SSL.

Daily rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 24 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SSL.

Hourly rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the UK over the 6 months to 24 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -95 284 £575 +21.37% 56
Work from Home -114 174 £530 +6.00% 19
London -42 166 £590 +13.46% 21
UK excluding London -71 105 £500 +17.65% 37
South East -19 45 £500 +19.40% 9
North of England -60 18 £575 +20.73% 7
Midlands -44 17 £550 +37.50% 8
West Midlands -43 16 £550 +37.50% 5
Scotland -4 13 £500 +17.65% 4
North West -30 12 £499 +10.94% 3
South West -47 11 £275 -35.29% 8
East of England -31 9 £400 -11.11% 1
Yorkshire -29 6 £575 +360.00% 3
East Midlands -29 1 £425 +6.25% 3
Wales - 1 £593 -

For the 6 months to 24 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SSL.

1 138 (39.20%) Linux
2 133 (37.78%) Firewall
3 113 (32.10%) Windows
4 105 (29.83%) Azure
4 105 (29.83%) DevOps
5 97 (27.56%) Ansible
5 97 (27.56%) Unix
6 94 (26.70%) DNS
7 92 (26.14%) Microsoft
8 90 (25.57%) AWS
9 82 (23.30%) VPN
10 79 (22.44%) Python
11 72 (20.45%) Social Skills
12 71 (20.17%) CI/CD
13 68 (19.32%) Kubernetes
13 68 (19.32%) PKI
13 68 (19.32%) Load Balancing
14 67 (19.03%) SQL
15 66 (18.75%) Agile
16 64 (18.18%) Active Directory
16 64 (18.18%) Finance
17 63 (17.90%) Docker
18 62 (17.61%) VMware
19 61 (17.33%) IBM
20 60 (17.05%) HTTP
21 55 (15.63%) PowerShell
22 53 (15.06%) Oracle
23 52 (14.77%) WAN
24 51 (14.49%) TCP/IP
24 51 (14.49%) IPsec

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (14.20%) WebSphere
2 33 (9.38%) IIS
3 32 (9.09%) Apache
4 30 (8.52%) WebSphere Application Server
5 29 (8.24%) OpenStack
5 29 (8.24%) Tomcat
6 24 (6.82%) IBM HTTP Server
6 24 (6.82%) nginx
7 23 (6.53%) Confluence
8 13 (3.69%) SharePoint
9 9 (2.56%) Drupal
9 9 (2.56%) WebLogic
10 7 (1.99%) CMS
11 6 (1.70%) Cloud Foundry
11 6 (1.70%) Elasticsearch
12 5 (1.42%) GlassFish
12 5 (1.42%) JBoss
13 4 (1.14%) MS Exchange
14 3 (0.85%) WebLogic Portal
15 2 (0.57%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 34 (9.66%) Microsoft Office
2 16 (4.55%) MS Visio
3 4 (1.14%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.57%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.28%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 7 (1.99%) RMDS
2 4 (1.14%) Magento
2 4 (1.14%) Shopify
3 1 (0.28%) Maximo
3 1 (0.28%) Oracle Cash Management
3 1 (0.28%) Oracle Receivables
3 1 (0.28%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 105 (29.83%) Azure
2 90 (25.57%) AWS
3 42 (11.93%) PaaS
4 41 (11.65%) GCP
5 35 (9.94%) IaaS
6 27 (7.67%) SaaS
7 20 (5.68%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 19 (5.40%) Microsoft 365
9 16 (4.55%) Azure Active Directory
9 16 (4.55%) GitHub
10 11 (3.13%) Amazon EC2
10 11 (3.13%) Azure Monitor
11 10 (2.84%) OpenShift
12 9 (2.56%) Azure Pipelines
12 9 (2.56%) SonarCloud
13 8 (2.27%) Amazon S3
13 8 (2.27%) Apigee
14 7 (1.99%) Azure App Service
14 7 (1.99%) Azure Storage
15 4 (1.14%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 133 (37.78%) Firewall
2 94 (26.70%) DNS
3 82 (23.30%) VPN
4 60 (17.05%) HTTP
5 52 (14.77%) WAN
6 51 (14.49%) IPsec
6 51 (14.49%) TCP/IP
7 42 (11.93%) BGP
8 33 (9.38%) OSPF
9 31 (8.81%) Network Security
9 31 (8.81%) SD-WAN
10 30 (8.52%) DHCP
10 30 (8.52%) Internet
10 30 (8.52%) LAN
11 24 (6.82%) Wireshark
12 22 (6.25%) HTTPS
12 22 (6.25%) VLAN
13 21 (5.97%) MPLS
14 19 (5.40%) tcpdump
15 16 (4.55%) NGFW
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (7.95%) MongoDB
1 28 (7.95%) SQL Server
2 25 (7.10%) PostgreSQL
3 24 (6.82%) MySQL
4 19 (5.40%) Redis
5 16 (4.55%) NoSQL
6 13 (3.69%) Couchbase
7 10 (2.84%) Relational Database
8 8 (2.27%) Big Data
9 7 (1.99%) Hadoop
9 7 (1.99%) Oracle Database
9 7 (1.99%) Pentaho
10 5 (1.42%) Amazon RDS
11 4 (1.14%) Oracle Database 12c
11 4 (1.14%) Power BI
11 4 (1.14%) Tableau
12 3 (0.85%) MariaDB
12 3 (0.85%) Oracle Database 11g
12 3 (0.85%) RDBMS
13 2 (0.57%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 49 (13.92%) Jenkins
2 48 (13.64%) Git (software)
3 40 (11.36%) JIRA
4 16 (4.55%) Eclipse
4 16 (4.55%) IBM UrbanCode
5 14 (3.98%) GitLab
6 12 (3.41%) Bitbucket
7 11 (3.13%) SonarQube
8 10 (2.84%) Artifactory
9 7 (1.99%) Subversion
10 6 (1.70%) Maven
10 6 (1.70%) Sonatype Nexus
11 3 (0.85%) Cucumber
11 3 (0.85%) Introscope
11 3 (0.85%) TeamCity
12 2 (0.57%) gulp
12 2 (0.57%) JMeter
12 2 (0.57%) PeopleTools
12 2 (0.57%) Postman
12 2 (0.57%) Selenium
General
1 72 (20.45%) Social Skills
2 64 (18.18%) Finance
3 25 (7.10%) Telecoms
4 23 (6.53%) Banking
5 18 (5.11%) Public Sector
6 14 (3.98%) Games
7 8 (2.27%) Analytical Skills
7 8 (2.27%) Military
7 8 (2.27%) Retail
8 4 (1.14%) Organisational Skills
8 4 (1.14%) Presentation Skills
9 3 (0.85%) Japanese Language
9 3 (0.85%) Spanish Language
10 2 (0.57%) French Language
10 2 (0.57%) German Language
10 2 (0.57%) Influencing Skills
10 2 (0.57%) Publishing
10 2 (0.57%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.28%) Documentation Skills
11 1 (0.28%) Law
Job Titles
1 40 (11.36%) DevOps Engineer
2 38 (10.80%) Administrator
3 35 (9.94%) Network Engineer
4 34 (9.66%) Architect
5 24 (6.82%) Security Engineer
6 22 (6.25%) Developer
7 19 (5.40%) Analyst
8 18 (5.11%) Consultant
9 16 (4.55%) Unix Engineer
10 14 (3.98%) Systems Engineer
10 14 (3.98%) VMware Engineer
11 13 (3.69%) Solutions Architect
12 11 (3.13%) Azure Engineer
12 11 (3.13%) Design Engineer
13 10 (2.84%) Applications Specialist
13 10 (2.84%) WebSphere Specialist
14 9 (2.56%) DBA
14 9 (2.56%) Telecoms Engineer
14 9 (2.56%) Unix Security Engineer
14 9 (2.56%) WebSphere Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (11.36%) OAuth
2 30 (8.52%) Middleware
3 28 (7.95%) LDAP
4 25 (7.10%) HTML
5 24 (6.82%) REST
5 24 (6.82%) SAML
5 24 (6.82%) Web Services
6 23 (6.53%) JSON
7 19 (5.40%) CSS
7 19 (5.40%) OAuth2
7 19 (5.40%) XML
8 15 (4.26%) RESTful
9 14 (3.98%) J2EE
9 14 (3.98%) XSLT
9 14 (3.98%) YAML
10 13 (3.69%) Elastic Stack
10 13 (3.69%) Node.js
11 12 (3.41%) JDBC
11 12 (3.41%) Kafka
12 11 (3.13%) WebSphere MQ
Miscellaneous
1 68 (19.32%) PKI
2 25 (7.10%) Clustering
2 25 (7.10%) Data Centre
3 23 (6.53%) Private Cloud
3 23 (6.53%) Public Cloud
4 17 (4.83%) Management Information System
5 14 (3.98%) Data Protection Act
5 14 (3.98%) DataPower
5 14 (3.98%) Enterprise Software
5 14 (3.98%) Linux Command Line
6 13 (3.69%) Self-Motivation
7 9 (2.56%) CMDB
7 9 (2.56%) Hybrid Cloud
8 6 (1.70%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 5 (1.42%) Blog
10 4 (1.14%) Mobile App
10 4 (1.14%) User Experience
11 3 (0.85%) Driving Licence
11 3 (0.85%) RSA SecurID
11 3 (0.85%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 138 (39.20%) Linux
2 113 (32.10%) Windows
3 97 (27.56%) Unix
4 30 (8.52%) Windows Server
5 22 (6.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 16 (4.55%) Windows Server 2012
7 14 (3.98%) Windows 10
8 12 (3.41%) Solaris
9 9 (2.56%) AIX
9 9 (2.56%) Windows Server 2008
10 8 (2.27%) Debian
11 7 (1.99%) VMS
11 7 (1.99%) Windows Server 2016
11 7 (1.99%) Windows Server 2019
12 6 (1.70%) Android
12 6 (1.70%) Apple iOS
12 6 (1.70%) CentOS
12 6 (1.70%) HPUX
12 6 (1.70%) Windows 2000
13 5 (1.42%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 105 (29.83%) DevOps
2 71 (20.17%) CI/CD
3 68 (19.32%) Load Balancing
4 66 (18.75%) Agile
5 47 (13.35%) ITIL
6 40 (11.36%) Change Management
6 40 (11.36%) Migration
7 36 (10.23%) Cybersecurity
7 36 (10.23%) Problem-Solving
8 32 (9.09%) Configuration Management
9 29 (8.24%) Continuous Integration
10 26 (7.39%) Key Management
11 25 (7.10%) Identity Access Management
12 23 (6.53%) Incident Management
12 23 (6.53%) Mentoring
12 23 (6.53%) Project Delivery
13 21 (5.97%) SDLC
14 19 (5.40%) Data Protection
14 19 (5.40%) Infrastructure as Code
15 18 (5.11%) Application Security
Programming Languages
1 79 (22.44%) Python
2 67 (19.03%) SQL
3 55 (15.63%) PowerShell
4 50 (14.20%) Java
5 43 (12.22%) Bash
6 32 (9.09%) JavaScript
6 32 (9.09%) Shell Script
7 21 (5.97%) Perl
8 16 (4.55%) Groovy
9 9 (2.56%) Go
9 9 (2.56%) PHP
10 8 (2.27%) Ruby
11 7 (1.99%) C#
12 5 (1.42%) TypeScript
13 4 (1.14%) Korn
14 3 (0.85%) C
14 3 (0.85%) PL/SQL
15 2 (0.57%) Lisp
16 1 (0.28%) C++
16 1 (0.28%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 38 (10.80%) Security Cleared
2 37 (10.51%) SC Cleared
3 31 (8.81%) Degree
4 27 (7.67%) Cisco Certification
5 17 (4.83%) CCNP
6 10 (2.84%) Microsoft Certification
7 8 (2.27%) JNCIS
8 7 (1.99%) CISSP
8 7 (1.99%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 6 (1.70%) CCIE
9 6 (1.70%) CCNA
9 6 (1.70%) Master's Degree
10 5 (1.42%) CCIE Security
10 5 (1.42%) MCSE
11 4 (1.14%) CCSA
11 4 (1.14%) Computer Science Degree
11 4 (1.14%) RHCE
12 3 (0.85%) PMI Certification
12 3 (0.85%) PMP
12 3 (0.85%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (6.82%) SLA
2 22 (6.25%) QA
3 6 (1.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (1.70%) NIST
4 4 (1.14%) Accessibility
4 4 (1.14%) Cyber Essentials
5 2 (0.57%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
5 2 (0.57%) DICOM
5 2 (0.57%) GDPR
5 2 (0.57%) HL7
5 2 (0.57%) NCSC
5 2 (0.57%) OASIS TOSCA
6 1 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.28%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 64 (18.18%) Active Directory
2 63 (17.90%) Docker
3 35 (9.94%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (5.68%) vCloud
5 17 (4.83%) VMware Workstation
6 15 (4.26%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (3.41%) ProxySG
8 8 (2.27%) VMware ESXi
9 7 (1.99%) NFS
10 4 (1.14%) BitLocker
10 4 (1.14%) vSphere
11 3 (0.85%) Hyper-V
11 3 (0.85%) Tivoli Directory Server
11 3 (0.85%) Varnish
12 2 (0.57%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 2 (0.57%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 2 (0.57%) Oracle RAC
12 2 (0.57%) Samba
12 2 (0.57%) Snort
12 2 (0.57%) Squid
Systems Management
1 97 (27.56%) Ansible
2 68 (19.32%) Kubernetes
3 49 (13.92%) Terraform
4 36 (10.23%) Single Sign-On
5 16 (4.55%) Active Directory Federation Services
6 14 (3.98%) Consul
6 14 (3.98%) Grafana
7 11 (3.13%) BladeLogic
7 11 (3.13%) ITRS Geneos
8 10 (2.84%) HAProxy
8 10 (2.84%) Opscode Chef
9 8 (2.27%) Puppet
10 7 (1.99%) Microsoft Intune
10 7 (1.99%) Nagios
10 7 (1.99%) Prometheus
10 7 (1.99%) SCCM
10 7 (1.99%) Tivoli
10 7 (1.99%) ZABBIX
11 6 (1.70%) Dell DRAC
11 6 (1.70%) FortiGate
Vendors
1 92 (26.14%) Microsoft
2 62 (17.61%) VMware
3 61 (17.33%) IBM
4 53 (15.06%) Oracle
5 45 (12.78%) Cisco
6 38 (10.80%) F5
7 30 (8.52%) Google
8 28 (7.95%) Splunk
9 27 (7.67%) CA
10 24 (6.82%) Palo Alto
10 24 (6.82%) Red Hat
11 22 (6.25%) AppDynamics
12 20 (5.68%) Juniper
13 18 (5.11%) Infoblox
14 17 (4.83%) CyberArk
14 17 (4.83%) Dynatrace
15 15 (4.26%) NetApp
16 14 (3.98%) Blue Coat
16 14 (3.98%) CheckPoint
17 13 (3.69%) HP