Period
to 4 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 4 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK
6 months to
4 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 335 450 351
Rank change year-on-year +115 -99 -10
Contract jobs citing SSL 232 455 732
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.65% 0.50% 0.71%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 4.81% 3.88% 5.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 160 299 492
Median daily rate £501 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.10% - +0.50%
10th Percentile £319 £352 £286
90th Percentile £689 £625 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £478 £475 £425
% change year-on-year +0.53% +11.76% -10.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 15 14
Median hourly rate £40.00 £25.67 £29.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +55.82% -11.48% -9.49%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £25.12 £29.00
% change year-on-year +59.24% -13.38% -14.91%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 4,820 11,729 13,851
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.46% 12.86% 13.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,757 7,186 8,513
Median daily rate £425 £425 £425
10th Percentile £200 £200 £203
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £405 £400 £395
% change year-on-year +1.25% +1.27% +3.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 289 589 778
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +48.94% +17.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £14.86 £12.25 £12.20
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.30 £47.50
Median hourly rate £30.00 £22.50 £19.40
% change year-on-year +33.33% +16.01% +4.84%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SSL.

Daily rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SSL.

Hourly rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the UK over the 6 months to 4 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +121 198 £525 +5.00% 34
UK excluding London +101 116 £478 +0.53% 27
London +166 106 £550 - 10
North of England +82 44 £490 -6.67% 10
South East +109 25 £470 +4.44% 5
Work from Home -13 23 £550 +22.22% 4
Yorkshire +68 22 £501 -2.34% 2
Scotland +68 19 £480 +12.94% 3
North West +54 18 £350 -34.12% 7
Wales +41 11 £465 +4.49%
South West +74 10 £308 -35.26% 4
East of England +76 8 £600 +50.00% 2
North East - 4 £490 - 1
Midlands +44 3 £300 -40.00% 3
West Midlands +30 2 £300 -40.00% 2
East Midlands +50 1 - -

For the 6 months to 4 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SSL.

1 107 (46.12%) Agile Software Development
2 91 (39.22%) AWS
3 89 (38.36%) DNS
4 82 (35.34%) HTTP
4 82 (35.34%) Java
4 82 (35.34%) Firewall
5 71 (30.60%) TCP/IP
5 71 (30.60%) Continuous Integration
6 69 (29.74%) SQL
7 66 (28.45%) Linux
7 66 (28.45%) DevOps
8 60 (25.86%) Docker
9 56 (24.14%) Finance
9 56 (24.14%) F5
10 55 (23.71%) Software Engineering
10 55 (23.71%) Jenkins
11 54 (23.28%) Kubernetes
11 54 (23.28%) Azure
12 53 (22.84%) GCP
13 50 (21.55%) Spring
14 49 (21.12%) Git (software)
14 49 (21.12%) Test Automation
15 48 (20.69%) Windows
16 47 (20.26%) HTTPS
17 44 (18.97%) Scrum
17 44 (18.97%) Microservices
18 42 (18.10%) Cisco
18 42 (18.10%) JIRA
19 41 (17.67%) Continuous Delivery
20 40 (17.24%) Splunk

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (14.66%) Confluence
2 28 (12.07%) Apache
2 28 (12.07%) Apache Spark
3 22 (9.48%) Tomcat
4 18 (7.76%) Cloud Foundry
5 16 (6.90%) JBoss
6 14 (6.03%) Mule
6 14 (6.03%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 14 (6.03%) WebLogic
6 14 (6.03%) WebSphere
7 12 (5.17%) Elasticsearch
8 11 (4.74%) Apache Solr
8 11 (4.74%) Oracle Service Bus
9 10 (4.31%) WebLogic Portal
10 6 (2.59%) IIS
10 6 (2.59%) nginx
11 4 (1.72%) MS Exchange
11 4 (1.72%) OpenStack
11 4 (1.72%) SharePoint
11 4 (1.72%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 1 (0.43%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.43%) Microsoft Project
1 1 (0.43%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (4.31%) Oracle BPM
2 4 (1.72%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 91 (39.22%) AWS
2 54 (23.28%) Azure
3 53 (22.84%) GCP
4 38 (16.38%) GitHub
5 23 (9.91%) Slack
6 18 (7.76%) PaaS
7 17 (7.33%) SaaS
8 14 (6.03%) npm
9 9 (3.88%) Amazon EKS
10 8 (3.45%) Amazon SQS
10 8 (3.45%) Route 53
11 6 (2.59%) Amazon EC2
12 5 (2.16%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 4 (1.72%) Google Analytics
13 4 (1.72%) OpenShift
14 3 (1.29%) Amazon S3
14 3 (1.29%) Cloud Computing
14 3 (1.29%) IaaS
15 2 (0.86%) Datadog
15 2 (0.86%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 89 (38.36%) DNS
2 82 (35.34%) Firewall
2 82 (35.34%) HTTP
3 71 (30.60%) TCP/IP
4 47 (20.26%) HTTPS
5 33 (14.22%) VPN
6 23 (9.91%) WAN
7 22 (9.48%) LAN
7 22 (9.48%) Network Security
8 21 (9.05%) DHCP
8 21 (9.05%) Reverse Proxy
9 19 (8.19%) Cisco ASA
9 19 (8.19%) IPsec
10 17 (7.33%) BGP
10 17 (7.33%) Internet
10 17 (7.33%) MPLS
10 17 (7.33%) SNMP
11 13 (5.60%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
11 13 (5.60%) FTP
12 12 (5.17%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (13.79%) NoSQL
2 24 (10.34%) SQL Server
3 19 (8.19%) MongoDB
4 14 (6.03%) MySQL
4 14 (6.03%) Relational Database
5 13 (5.60%) PostgreSQL
6 12 (5.17%) SQL Server 2016
7 9 (3.88%) Hadoop
8 7 (3.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 7 (3.02%) Redis
9 6 (2.59%) Data Warehouse
10 5 (2.16%) Amazon RDS
10 5 (2.16%) Oracle Database
10 5 (2.16%) Oracle Database 12c
11 4 (1.72%) Cosmos DB
11 4 (1.72%) Oracle Database 11g
11 4 (1.72%) Oracle Reports
11 4 (1.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 3 (1.29%) Apache Cassandra
12 3 (1.29%) Oracle9i Database
Development Applications
1 55 (23.71%) Jenkins
2 49 (21.12%) Git (software)
3 42 (18.10%) JIRA
4 24 (10.34%) Sonatype Nexus
5 23 (9.91%) Maven
6 21 (9.05%) JUnit
6 21 (9.05%) Selenium
7 15 (6.47%) Mockito
8 10 (4.31%) Gatling
9 8 (3.45%) Cucumber
9 8 (3.45%) Subversion
10 7 (3.02%) MSI
10 7 (3.02%) SoapUI
11 5 (2.16%) GitLab
11 5 (2.16%) Gradle
12 4 (1.72%) Geb
12 4 (1.72%) ProC
12 4 (1.72%) Spock
13 3 (1.29%) JMeter
13 3 (1.29%) TeamCity
General
1 56 (24.14%) Finance
2 19 (8.19%) Banking
3 11 (4.74%) Public Sector
4 5 (2.16%) Financial Institution
4 5 (2.16%) Legal
5 2 (0.86%) Retail Banking
5 2 (0.86%) Telecoms
6 1 (0.43%) Finnish Language
6 1 (0.43%) French Language
6 1 (0.43%) German Language
6 1 (0.43%) Investment Banking
6 1 (0.43%) Law
6 1 (0.43%) Mandarin Language
6 1 (0.43%) Marketing
6 1 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
6 1 (0.43%) Retail
Job Titles
1 45 (19.40%) Developer
2 32 (13.79%) Java Developer
3 30 (12.93%) Network Engineer
4 23 (9.91%) DevOps Engineer
5 18 (7.76%) Architect
6 16 (6.90%) Consultant
7 14 (6.03%) Security Engineer
8 13 (5.60%) Network Security Engineer
9 11 (4.74%) Analyst
9 11 (4.74%) Cloud Engineer
10 9 (3.88%) Platform Engineer
11 8 (3.45%) Project Manager
12 7 (3.02%) Senior Network Engineer
13 6 (2.59%) Applications Architect
13 6 (2.59%) Azure Engineer
13 6 (2.59%) Cisco Engineer
13 6 (2.59%) Security Architect
13 6 (2.59%) Support Engineer
14 5 (2.16%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 5 (2.16%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 50 (21.55%) Spring
2 36 (15.52%) REST
3 31 (13.36%) JSON
4 30 (12.93%) Kafka
5 29 (12.50%) Guice
5 29 (12.50%) JAAS
5 29 (12.50%) Spring Security
6 26 (11.21%) Middleware
7 24 (10.34%) RESTful
8 23 (9.91%) Node.js
8 23 (9.91%) XML
9 20 (8.62%) Spring Boot
10 19 (8.19%) LDAP
11 18 (7.76%) WireMock
12 17 (7.33%) SOAP
13 15 (6.47%) RabbitMQ
14 14 (6.03%) Enzyme
14 14 (6.03%) Jest
14 14 (6.03%) Redux
15 13 (5.60%) Express
Miscellaneous
1 22 (9.48%) Data Centre
2 15 (6.47%) Mobile App
2 15 (6.47%) PKI
3 14 (6.03%) Virtual Team
4 13 (5.60%) Analytical Skills
5 9 (3.88%) Self-Motivation
6 8 (3.45%) User Experience
7 7 (3.02%) Linux Command Line
8 6 (2.59%) Algorithms
9 5 (2.16%) Clustering
9 5 (2.16%) Cyberthreat
9 5 (2.16%) DataPower
10 4 (1.72%) CESG
10 4 (1.72%) Client/Server
10 4 (1.72%) Security Operations Centre
11 3 (1.29%) Hybrid Cloud
11 3 (1.29%) Management Information System
11 3 (1.29%) N-Tier
11 3 (1.29%) Video Conferencing
12 2 (0.86%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 66 (28.45%) Linux
2 48 (20.69%) Windows
3 29 (12.50%) Windows Server
4 13 (5.60%) Unix
4 13 (5.60%) Windows Server 2016
5 11 (4.74%) Windows 10
6 10 (4.31%) Windows Server 2012
7 9 (3.88%) Solaris
7 9 (3.88%) Windows 7
7 9 (3.88%) Windows Server 2008
8 7 (3.02%) Windows Server 2003
8 7 (3.02%) Windows XP
9 6 (2.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 4 (1.72%) CentOS
10 4 (1.72%) Check Point GAiA
10 4 (1.72%) Debian
10 4 (1.72%) SUSE
10 4 (1.72%) Ubuntu
11 3 (1.29%) AIX
11 3 (1.29%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 107 (46.12%) Agile Software Development
2 71 (30.60%) Continuous Integration
3 66 (28.45%) DevOps
4 55 (23.71%) Software Engineering
5 49 (21.12%) Test Automation
6 44 (18.97%) Microservices
6 44 (18.97%) Scrum
7 41 (17.67%) Continuous Delivery
8 38 (16.38%) Load Balancing
9 35 (15.09%) Problem-Solving
10 31 (13.36%) Kanban
11 29 (12.50%) SDLC
12 28 (12.07%) ITIL
13 27 (11.64%) AOP
13 27 (11.64%) Dependency Injection
14 23 (9.91%) Continuous Improvement
15 21 (9.05%) Configuration Management
16 20 (8.62%) Cybersecurity
17 19 (8.19%) Performance Tuning
17 19 (8.19%) Technical Leadership
Programming Languages
1 82 (35.34%) Java
2 69 (29.74%) SQL
3 33 (14.22%) PowerShell
4 31 (13.36%) Python
5 30 (12.93%) Scala
6 27 (11.64%) Java 8
7 21 (9.05%) Kotlin
8 17 (7.33%) JavaScript
9 15 (6.47%) Ruby
10 14 (6.03%) ES6
11 12 (5.17%) Shell Script
12 10 (4.31%) Bash Shell
13 8 (3.45%) Perl
13 8 (3.45%) PHP
14 7 (3.02%) Go
14 7 (3.02%) REXX
14 7 (3.02%) Tcl
14 7 (3.02%) VB
15 4 (1.72%) C#
15 4 (1.72%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 31 (13.36%) Cisco Certification
2 29 (12.50%) Security Cleared
3 26 (11.21%) CCNP
4 25 (10.78%) SC Cleared
5 12 (5.17%) CCNA
6 11 (4.74%) Degree
7 8 (3.45%) CCIE
8 7 (3.02%) CISSP
9 6 (2.59%) CEH
10 4 (1.72%) CREST Certified
10 4 (1.72%) GIAC
10 4 (1.72%) JNCIA
10 4 (1.72%) JNCIP
10 4 (1.72%) JNCIS
11 3 (1.29%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (1.29%) CCDP
11 3 (1.29%) ITIL Certification
11 3 (1.29%) MCSE
11 3 (1.29%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.86%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (5.60%) GDPR
1 13 (5.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 12 (5.17%) Cyber Essentials
2 12 (5.17%) HIPAA
3 10 (4.31%) QA
4 9 (3.88%) SLA
5 6 (2.59%) WCAG
6 3 (1.29%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.86%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 2 (0.86%) NCSC
7 2 (0.86%) SSAE 16
8 1 (0.43%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.43%) NIST
System Software
1 60 (25.86%) Docker
2 31 (13.36%) Active Directory
3 9 (3.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (2.59%) ProxySG
4 6 (2.59%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (1.72%) Snort
6 3 (1.29%) Oracle RAC
6 3 (1.29%) VMware NSX
7 2 (0.86%) Microsoft App-V
7 2 (0.86%) PowerDNS
7 2 (0.86%) Varnish
7 2 (0.86%) vCloud
7 2 (0.86%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (0.86%) vSphere
8 1 (0.43%) BitLocker
8 1 (0.43%) HDFS
8 1 (0.43%) iptables
8 1 (0.43%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 54 (23.28%) Kubernetes
2 30 (12.93%) Opscode Chef
3 28 (12.07%) Prometheus
4 27 (11.64%) Ansible
4 27 (11.64%) Puppet
5 22 (9.48%) Zipkin
6 20 (8.62%) Terraform
7 10 (4.31%) Oracle Identity Management
8 9 (3.88%) Single Sign-On
9 5 (2.16%) Cisco CUCM
9 5 (2.16%) Cisco UCCX
10 4 (1.72%) Data Guard
10 4 (1.72%) Docker Swarm
10 4 (1.72%) Grafana
10 4 (1.72%) HAProxy
10 4 (1.72%) Kibana
10 4 (1.72%) Nagios
10 4 (1.72%) Network Intrusion Detection System
10 4 (1.72%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 4 (1.72%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 56 (24.14%) F5
2 42 (18.10%) Cisco
3 40 (17.24%) Splunk
4 28 (12.07%) Oracle
5 27 (11.64%) CheckPoint
6 26 (11.21%) Juniper
7 25 (10.78%) Blue Coat
8 24 (10.34%) AppDynamics
9 19 (8.19%) VMware
10 16 (6.90%) Microsoft
11 15 (6.47%) Palo Alto
12 11 (4.74%) Google
13 10 (4.31%) Meraki
14 8 (3.45%) Citrix
14 8 (3.45%) Red Hat
15 7 (3.02%) Fortinet
15 7 (3.02%) IBM
15 7 (3.02%) Lets Encrypt
16 6 (2.59%) LogicMonitor
16 6 (2.59%) Veracode