Period
to 21 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 21 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 406 337 382
Rank change year-on-year -69 +45 -87
Contract jobs citing SSL 376 762 636
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.52% 0.77% 0.64%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 3.73% 6.02% 4.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 239 475 425
UK median daily rate £480 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.00% - +16.28%
10th Percentile £356 £350 £310
90th Percentile £700 £625 £670
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £475
% change year-on-year +5.88% -10.53% +13.10%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 6 11
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £27.00 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +48.15% -15.63% +115.13%
10th Percentile £20.27 £15.99 £13.11
90th Percentile £62.25 £42.00 £34.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £27.00 £31.75
% change year-on-year -16.67% -14.96% +113.45%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 10,068 12,650 13,213
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.81% 12.80% 13.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,043 7,628 8,170
UK median daily rate £412 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.06% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £184 £200 £181
90th Percentile £600 £608 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 585 598 674
UK median hourly rate £22.75 £18.73 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.50% +0.13% -16.89%
10th Percentile £13.43 £12.00 £10.88
90th Percentile £53.75 £48.75 £45.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.30 £17.50 £19.00
% change year-on-year +16.01% -7.89% -15.56%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SSL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SSL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -92 312 £500 - 96
UK excluding London -17 247 £450 +5.88% 69
London -76 119 £550 - 29
North of England +28 73 £595 +25.26% 18
South East -9 50 £403 -5.18% 31
Scotland +49 42 £550 +25.00% 1
Midlands +15 34 £448 +7.19% 8
West Midlands +23 28 £540 +26.32% 4
South West +14 28 £413 +6.45% 5
North West +5 28 £650 +26.95% 8
Yorkshire +20 24 £538 +19.44% 6
North East +38 22 £614 +11.59% 4
Wales +33 13 £413 -13.61% 1
East of England -35 7 £580 +36.47% 5
East Midlands +17 6 £375 -10.18% 4

For the 6 months to 21 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SSL.

1 164 (43.62%) Linux
2 162 (43.09%) HTTP
3 159 (42.29%) TCP/IP
4 135 (35.90%) DNS
5 133 (35.37%) Java
6 119 (31.65%) DevOps
7 118 (31.38%) Jenkins
8 116 (30.85%) Agile Software Development
9 113 (30.05%) AWS
10 101 (26.86%) Continuous Integration
10 101 (26.86%) Firewall
11 95 (25.27%) Configuration Management
11 95 (25.27%) Open Source
12 93 (24.73%) Windows
12 93 (24.73%) Git (software)
13 84 (22.34%) Microsoft
14 82 (21.81%) Puppet
15 79 (21.01%) IPsec
16 74 (19.68%) JavaScript
17 73 (19.41%) Google
17 73 (19.41%) Microservices
18 72 (19.15%) DHCP
18 72 (19.15%) Cisco
19 70 (18.62%) REST
20 69 (18.35%) VPN
20 69 (18.35%) J2EE
21 67 (17.82%) XML
22 65 (17.29%) Docker
23 63 (16.76%) SQL
24 59 (15.69%) Apache

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (15.69%) Apache
2 58 (15.43%) Tomcat
3 50 (13.30%) WebSphere
4 48 (12.77%) nginx
5 44 (11.70%) IIS
6 32 (8.51%) Jetty
6 32 (8.51%) Mongrel
7 27 (7.18%) JBoss
8 21 (5.59%) Apache Spark
9 18 (4.79%) WebLogic
10 13 (3.46%) Elasticsearch
11 12 (3.19%) Confluence
12 9 (2.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 8 (2.13%) MQSeries
14 7 (1.86%) SharePoint
15 6 (1.60%) Oracle Service Bus
16 5 (1.33%) WebSphere Application Server
17 3 (0.80%) CMS
17 3 (0.80%) SharePoint 2010
17 3 (0.80%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 2 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 5 (1.33%) Oracle BPM
2 2 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.53%) RMDS
3 1 (0.27%) assyst
3 1 (0.27%) Magento
3 1 (0.27%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 113 (30.05%) AWS
2 59 (15.69%) Azure
3 44 (11.70%) GitHub
4 36 (9.57%) GCP
5 35 (9.31%) Google Analytics
6 34 (9.04%) Amazon EC2
7 31 (8.24%) Google App Engine
8 11 (2.93%) Office 365
9 10 (2.66%) PaaS
10 9 (2.39%) SaaS
11 8 (2.13%) Route 53
12 5 (1.33%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 4 (1.06%) Amazon S3
14 3 (0.80%) Apigee
14 3 (0.80%) AWS Lambda
14 3 (0.80%) OpenShift
14 3 (0.80%) Serverless
15 2 (0.53%) Amazon SQS
15 2 (0.53%) iTunes
15 2 (0.53%) TestFlight
Communications & Networking
1 162 (43.09%) HTTP
2 159 (42.29%) TCP/IP
3 135 (35.90%) DNS
4 101 (26.86%) Firewall
5 79 (21.01%) IPsec
6 72 (19.15%) DHCP
7 69 (18.35%) VPN
8 56 (14.89%) FTP
9 39 (10.37%) Network Security
10 38 (10.11%) HTTPS
11 36 (9.57%) VLAN
12 33 (8.78%) Kerberos
13 29 (7.71%) WAN
14 28 (7.45%) Internet
15 27 (7.18%) BGP
16 24 (6.38%) MPLS
17 21 (5.59%) LAN
18 20 (5.32%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
19 17 (4.52%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
20 16 (4.26%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (11.44%) MongoDB
2 23 (6.12%) NoSQL
3 21 (5.59%) Apache Hive
4 20 (5.32%) Relational Database
4 20 (5.32%) SQL Server
5 18 (4.79%) Big Data
5 18 (4.79%) MySQL
6 14 (3.72%) Impala
6 14 (3.72%) Pentaho
7 13 (3.46%) PostgreSQL
8 8 (2.13%) Hadoop
9 7 (1.86%) HBase
9 7 (1.86%) Oracle Database
9 7 (1.86%) RDBMS
10 6 (1.60%) Infinispan
10 6 (1.60%) Oracle Database 12c
11 5 (1.33%) Azure SQL Database
12 4 (1.06%) GIS
12 4 (1.06%) Redis
12 4 (1.06%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 118 (31.38%) Jenkins
2 93 (24.73%) Git (software)
3 44 (11.70%) Gatling
4 41 (10.90%) JUnit
5 40 (10.64%) Selenium
6 37 (9.84%) Cucumber
6 37 (9.84%) Travis CI
7 20 (5.32%) Ant
8 18 (4.79%) gulp
8 18 (4.79%) JIRA
9 17 (4.52%) Eclipse
10 15 (3.99%) Artifactory
10 15 (3.99%) IntelliJ
11 14 (3.72%) GitLab
11 14 (3.72%) Grunt
11 14 (3.72%) Karma Test Runner
11 14 (3.72%) Sublime Text
12 12 (3.19%) Gradle
13 9 (2.39%) Geb
13 9 (2.39%) Spock
General
1 44 (11.70%) Public Sector
2 22 (5.85%) Finance
3 19 (5.05%) Telecoms
4 9 (2.39%) Banking
5 4 (1.06%) Marketing
6 3 (0.80%) Games
6 3 (0.80%) Pharmaceutical
6 3 (0.80%) Retail
7 2 (0.53%) Back Office
7 2 (0.53%) Electronics
7 2 (0.53%) Mandarin Language
7 2 (0.53%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.27%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.27%) French Language
8 1 (0.27%) Front Office
8 1 (0.27%) German Language
8 1 (0.27%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.27%) Legal
8 1 (0.27%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 75 (19.95%) Developer
2 53 (14.10%) Network Engineer
3 43 (11.44%) DevOps Engineer
4 23 (6.12%) Security Engineer
5 22 (5.85%) Java Developer
6 21 (5.59%) Administrator
6 21 (5.59%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 18 (4.79%) Architect
8 17 (4.52%) Consultant
9 15 (3.99%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 13 (3.46%) Platform Engineer
11 12 (3.19%) Data Engineer
12 11 (2.93%) Big Data Engineer
12 11 (2.93%) Infrastructure Architect
12 11 (2.93%) Linux Engineer
12 11 (2.93%) Site Engineer
12 11 (2.93%) Site Reliability Engineer
13 10 (2.66%) Scala Developer
14 9 (2.39%) Cloud Engineer
15 8 (2.13%) IP Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 70 (18.62%) REST
2 69 (18.35%) J2EE
3 67 (17.82%) XML
4 55 (14.63%) .NET
4 55 (14.63%) JSON
5 47 (12.50%) HTML
6 46 (12.23%) CSS
6 46 (12.23%) Servlets
7 44 (11.70%) SOAP
8 40 (10.64%) Node.js
9 38 (10.11%) HTML5
10 36 (9.57%) Play Framework
11 35 (9.31%) Gherkin
12 30 (7.98%) AngularJS
12 30 (7.98%) Spring
13 27 (7.18%) LDAP
13 27 (7.18%) Web Services
14 24 (6.38%) OAuth
14 24 (6.38%) SAML
15 22 (5.85%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 47 (12.50%) Data Centre
2 43 (11.44%) PKI
3 21 (5.59%) Analytical Skills
4 13 (3.46%) Clustering
5 12 (3.19%) Fat Client
5 12 (3.19%) Thin Client
6 11 (2.93%) DataPower
7 8 (2.13%) Public Cloud
8 6 (1.60%) Linux Command Line
8 6 (1.60%) Mainframe
9 5 (1.33%) Management Information System
9 5 (1.33%) RSA SecurID
10 4 (1.06%) Mobile App
10 4 (1.06%) Security Operations Centre
10 4 (1.06%) Self-Motivation
10 4 (1.06%) Smartphone
10 4 (1.06%) Virtual Team
11 3 (0.80%) CESG
11 3 (0.80%) Driving Licence
11 3 (0.80%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 164 (43.62%) Linux
2 93 (24.73%) Windows
3 41 (10.90%) Unix
4 29 (7.71%) Windows Server
5 19 (5.05%) Ubuntu
6 14 (3.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 13 (3.46%) Windows Server 2008
7 13 (3.46%) Windows Server 2012
8 12 (3.19%) Windows 10
9 11 (2.93%) Windows Server 2003
10 9 (2.39%) Windows 7
11 7 (1.86%) Debian
11 7 (1.86%) Mac OS
11 7 (1.86%) Windows XP
12 4 (1.06%) Mac OS X
12 4 (1.06%) zOS
13 3 (0.80%) Android
13 3 (0.80%) Solaris
14 2 (0.53%) Apple iOS
14 2 (0.53%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 119 (31.65%) DevOps
2 116 (30.85%) Agile Software Development
3 101 (26.86%) Continuous Integration
4 95 (25.27%) Configuration Management
4 95 (25.27%) Open Source
5 73 (19.41%) Microservices
6 50 (13.30%) Test Automation
7 41 (10.90%) Migration
8 39 (10.37%) Lean Software Development
9 37 (9.84%) Analytics
10 32 (8.51%) ITIL
11 31 (8.24%) Mentoring
12 29 (7.71%) Load Balancing
13 26 (6.91%) Continuous Improvement
13 26 (6.91%) Problem-Solving
13 26 (6.91%) Project Delivery
14 22 (5.85%) BEM - Block Element Modifier
14 22 (5.85%) Front End Development
14 22 (5.85%) TDD
14 22 (5.85%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 133 (35.37%) Java
2 74 (19.68%) JavaScript
3 63 (16.76%) SQL
4 51 (13.56%) Python
5 37 (9.84%) Scala
6 33 (8.78%) C#
7 30 (7.98%) Ruby
8 25 (6.65%) Bash Shell
9 23 (6.12%) Perl
10 20 (5.32%) Shell Script
11 18 (4.79%) Haskell
11 18 (4.79%) PowerShell
12 17 (4.52%) Java 8
13 14 (3.72%) Groovy
13 14 (3.72%) TypeScript
14 10 (2.66%) Go
15 8 (2.13%) VB
16 7 (1.86%) REXX
16 7 (1.86%) Tcl
17 5 (1.33%) PHP
Qualifications
1 59 (15.69%) Security Cleared
2 47 (12.50%) SC Cleared
3 32 (8.51%) Cisco Certification
4 25 (6.65%) CCNP
5 17 (4.52%) Degree
6 16 (4.26%) BPSS Clearance
7 15 (3.99%) CCNA
8 8 (2.13%) ITIL Certification
9 7 (1.86%) Computer Science Degree
10 6 (1.60%) DBS Check
11 4 (1.06%) CCIP
11 4 (1.06%) MCSA
11 4 (1.06%) Microsoft Certification
12 3 (0.80%) BC Cleared
12 3 (0.80%) CCSA
12 3 (0.80%) CCSE
12 3 (0.80%) CISSP
12 3 (0.80%) DV Cleared
12 3 (0.80%) RHCE
12 3 (0.80%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (5.59%) WCAG
2 18 (4.79%) SLA
3 6 (1.60%) PCI DSS
3 6 (1.60%) QA
3 6 (1.60%) SSAE 16
4 4 (1.06%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.80%) COBIT
5 3 (0.80%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.53%) HL7
6 2 (0.53%) NIST
7 1 (0.27%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.27%) PSD2
7 1 (0.27%) SEPA
System Software
1 65 (17.29%) Docker
2 54 (14.36%) Active Directory
3 52 (13.83%) VMware Infrastructure
4 32 (8.51%) Xen
5 15 (3.99%) DFS Replication
6 13 (3.46%) XenApp
6 13 (3.46%) XenDesktop
7 12 (3.19%) Virtual Machines
8 8 (2.13%) Hyper-V
8 8 (2.13%) VMware ESXi
9 7 (1.86%) Citrix Hypervisor
9 7 (1.86%) Tivoli Directory Server
9 7 (1.86%) vSphere
10 6 (1.60%) HDFS
11 4 (1.06%) Firmware
12 3 (0.80%) NFS
12 3 (0.80%) PowerDNS
13 2 (0.53%) OpenAM
13 2 (0.53%) OpenDJ
13 2 (0.53%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 82 (21.81%) Puppet
2 53 (14.10%) Ansible
3 49 (13.03%) Terraform
4 38 (10.11%) Kibana
5 37 (9.84%) Opscode Chef
6 35 (9.31%) Grafana
6 35 (9.31%) Kubernetes
7 19 (5.05%) Hadoop YARN
8 18 (4.79%) Single Sign-On
9 15 (3.99%) SCCM
10 10 (2.66%) Docker Swarm
10 10 (2.66%) Tivoli
11 9 (2.39%) Salt
12 7 (1.86%) Consul
13 6 (1.60%) FortiGate
13 6 (1.60%) Tivoli Identity Manager
14 5 (1.33%) Ambari
15 4 (1.06%) Opsview
16 3 (0.80%) logstash
16 3 (0.80%) WSUS
Vendors
1 84 (22.34%) Microsoft
2 73 (19.41%) Google
3 72 (19.15%) Cisco
4 56 (14.89%) VMware
5 27 (7.18%) F5
6 22 (5.85%) Oracle
7 19 (5.05%) Palo Alto
8 17 (4.52%) Cloudera
9 16 (4.26%) CheckPoint
9 16 (4.26%) IBM
10 15 (3.99%) Citrix
11 14 (3.72%) Meraki
12 13 (3.46%) Juniper
13 11 (2.93%) Splunk
14 10 (2.66%) Adobe
14 10 (2.66%) Fortinet
14 10 (2.66%) webMethods
15 9 (2.39%) Red Hat
16 8 (2.13%) Aruba
16 8 (2.13%) HP