Period
to 28 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 28 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK
6 months to
28 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 475 348 469
Rank change year-on-year -127 +121 -107
Contract jobs citing SSL 406 231 378
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.46% 0.64% 0.46%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 4.19% 4.93% 3.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 256 162 229
10th Percentile £325 £326 £356
25th Percentile £425 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £480
Median % change year-on-year - +9.38% -4.00%
75th Percentile £600 £600 £613
90th Percentile £688 £700 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £463 £475
% change year-on-year -2.70% -2.63% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 3 13
10th Percentile £15.50 " £21.25
25th Percentile £15.75 " "
Median hourly rate £28.00 £40.00 £25.12
Median % change year-on-year -30.00% +59.24% +9.22%
75th Percentile £47.03 " £50.00
90th Percentile £52.52 " £57.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £28.00 £40.00 £25.12
% change year-on-year -30.00% +59.24% +9.22%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 9,679 4,685 11,147
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.02% 12.98% 13.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,321 2,992 6,827
10th Percentile £210 £213 £185
25th Percentile £363 £325 £308
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £415
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% +8.43% -2.35%
75th Percentile £588 £538 £525
90th Percentile £675 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 393 218 626
10th Percentile £12.01 £14.00 £13.00
25th Percentile £14.94 £17.66 £16.20
Median hourly rate £22.00 £33.50 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -34.33% +48.89% +19.94%
75th Percentile £48.75 £47.44 £45.50
90th Percentile £64.25 £57.65 £51.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £33.00 £20.11
% change year-on-year -39.39% +64.14% +14.89%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SSL.

Daily rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 28 November 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SSL.

Hourly rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 28 November 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the UK over the 6 months to 28 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -85 340 £523 +4.50% 114
London -80 195 £569 +8.33% 39
UK excluding London -112 125 £450 -2.70% 77
Work from Home -184 99 £550 +4.76% 18
North of England -70 33 £500 - 22
South East -97 29 £475 +18.75% 25
Midlands -49 26 £400 +3.23% 12
North West -39 25 £500 +53.85% 11
South West -40 23 £450 +61.43% 10
West Midlands -47 16 £488 +21.88% 8
East Midlands -21 10 £400 +6.67% 4
Scotland -73 10 £413 -12.47% 1
Yorkshire -57 8 £405 -19.09% 6
East of England -48 6 £300 -52.00% 4
Wales -30 1 - - 3

For the 6 months to 28 November 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SSL.

1 161 (39.66%) Linux
2 148 (36.45%) Firewall
3 128 (31.53%) DNS
4 120 (29.56%) DevOps
5 105 (25.86%) TCP/IP
5 105 (25.86%) Windows
6 102 (25.12%) VPN
7 100 (24.63%) Agile Software Development
8 98 (24.14%) Social Skills
9 95 (23.40%) Azure
10 84 (20.69%) Microsoft
11 81 (19.95%) Python
11 81 (19.95%) SQL
11 81 (19.95%) VMware
12 78 (19.21%) AWS
12 78 (19.21%) Kubernetes
13 77 (18.97%) Active Directory
14 76 (18.72%) Unix
15 71 (17.49%) IPsec
16 68 (16.75%) Java
17 65 (16.01%) Ansible
18 63 (15.52%) Terraform
18 63 (15.52%) Oracle
18 63 (15.52%) Load Balancing
19 62 (15.27%) PKI
19 62 (15.27%) HTTP
20 61 (15.02%) Security Cleared
21 59 (14.53%) OAuth
22 58 (14.29%) Docker
22 58 (14.29%) PaaS

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (13.30%) Apache
2 41 (10.10%) nginx
3 35 (8.62%) IIS
3 35 (8.62%) Tomcat
4 33 (8.13%) OpenStack
5 21 (5.17%) Confluence
6 16 (3.94%) WebSphere
7 12 (2.96%) SharePoint
8 9 (2.22%) MS Exchange
9 8 (1.97%) BizTalk Server
9 8 (1.97%) WebLogic
10 7 (1.72%) Mule
11 6 (1.48%) IBM Notes
11 6 (1.48%) WebSphere Application Server
12 5 (1.23%) Elasticsearch
12 5 (1.23%) IBM HTTP Server
13 3 (0.74%) Cloud Foundry
13 3 (0.74%) Documentum
13 3 (0.74%) Drupal
13 3 (0.74%) JBoss
Applications
1 23 (5.67%) Microsoft Office
2 18 (4.43%) MS Visio
3 12 (2.96%) Microsoft Excel
3 12 (2.96%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (1.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (1.23%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 6 (1.48%) RMDS
2 3 (0.74%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.74%) Sentinel
3 2 (0.49%) Loan IQ
4 1 (0.25%) ION MarketView
Cloud Services
1 95 (23.40%) Azure
2 78 (19.21%) AWS
3 58 (14.29%) PaaS
4 47 (11.58%) IaaS
4 47 (11.58%) Microsoft 365
5 29 (7.14%) SaaS
6 25 (6.16%) Amazon S3
7 22 (5.42%) Apigee
8 20 (4.93%) Amazon EC2
8 20 (4.93%) GitHub
8 20 (4.93%) Route 53
9 19 (4.68%) Serverless
10 16 (3.94%) GCP
10 16 (3.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 13 (3.20%) Azure Service Bus
12 12 (2.96%) Azure Active Directory
12 12 (2.96%) Azure App Service
13 10 (2.46%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 10 (2.46%) AWS CloudTrail
13 10 (2.46%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 148 (36.45%) Firewall
2 128 (31.53%) DNS
3 105 (25.86%) TCP/IP
4 102 (25.12%) VPN
5 71 (17.49%) IPsec
6 62 (15.27%) HTTP
7 38 (9.36%) WAN
8 34 (8.37%) DHCP
9 29 (7.14%) Network Security
10 27 (6.65%) Cisco ASA
11 25 (6.16%) LAN
12 24 (5.91%) SAN
13 23 (5.67%) Internet
13 23 (5.67%) Kerberos
14 19 (4.68%) SSH
15 18 (4.43%) BGP
15 18 (4.43%) IKE
16 16 (3.94%) OSPF
17 15 (3.69%) HTTPS
17 15 (3.69%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (8.37%) MySQL
2 31 (7.64%) SQL Server
3 23 (5.67%) Amazon RDS
3 23 (5.67%) Redis
4 19 (4.68%) Hazelcast
5 18 (4.43%) MongoDB
6 17 (4.19%) Oracle Database
6 17 (4.19%) PostgreSQL
7 16 (3.94%) Couchbase
8 15 (3.69%) Hadoop
9 9 (2.22%) Oracle BI EE
9 9 (2.22%) Oracle ODI
10 7 (1.72%) RDBMS
10 7 (1.72%) Relational Database
11 6 (1.48%) Power BI
12 5 (1.23%) Azure SQL Database
13 4 (0.99%) Bigtable
13 4 (0.99%) NoSQL
14 3 (0.74%) Apache Cassandra
15 2 (0.49%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 57 (14.04%) Git (software)
2 44 (10.84%) Jenkins
3 33 (8.13%) JIRA
4 26 (6.40%) Sonatype Nexus
5 10 (2.46%) Maven
6 9 (2.22%) SonarQube
7 7 (1.72%) Bitbucket
7 7 (1.72%) GitLab
7 7 (1.72%) Selenium
7 7 (1.72%) SoapUI
8 6 (1.48%) Artifactory
8 6 (1.48%) Cucumber
8 6 (1.48%) fastlane
8 6 (1.48%) Flyway
8 6 (1.48%) Gradle
9 5 (1.23%) Subversion
10 4 (0.99%) Gatling
10 4 (0.99%) JUnit
10 4 (0.99%) Pa11y
10 4 (0.99%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 98 (24.14%) Social Skills
2 56 (13.79%) Finance
3 44 (10.84%) Banking
4 27 (6.65%) Analytical Skills
4 27 (6.65%) Telecoms
5 25 (6.16%) Investment Banking
5 25 (6.16%) Public Sector
6 23 (5.67%) Games
7 18 (4.43%) Presentation Skills
8 13 (3.20%) Front Office
9 12 (2.96%) Organisational Skills
10 7 (1.72%) Documentation Skills
11 4 (0.99%) Influencing Skills
11 4 (0.99%) Military
12 3 (0.74%) Publishing
12 3 (0.74%) Retail
13 2 (0.49%) Legal
14 1 (0.25%) Automotive
14 1 (0.25%) Back Office
14 1 (0.25%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 59 (14.53%) Architect
2 50 (12.32%) Developer
3 42 (10.34%) Security Engineer
4 39 (9.61%) DevOps Engineer
5 30 (7.39%) Network Engineer
6 24 (5.91%) Administrator
6 24 (5.91%) Consultant
7 22 (5.42%) Analyst
7 22 (5.42%) Security Architect
8 21 (5.17%) Java Developer
9 20 (4.93%) Lead Architect
9 20 (4.93%) Senior Developer
10 19 (4.68%) Senior Java Developer
11 15 (3.69%) Cloud Engineer
11 15 (3.69%) Design Engineer
11 15 (3.69%) Technical Architect
12 14 (3.45%) Lead Security Architect
13 13 (3.20%) Azure DevOps
13 13 (3.20%) Azure Engineer
14 12 (2.96%) Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (14.53%) OAuth
2 57 (14.04%) LDAP
3 38 (9.36%) REST
4 37 (9.11%) SOAP
5 35 (8.62%) SAML
5 35 (8.62%) XML
6 30 (7.39%) OAuth2
7 29 (7.14%) Web Services
8 28 (6.90%) JSON
9 26 (6.40%) RESTful
10 25 (6.16%) HTML
10 25 (6.16%) JDBC
11 24 (5.91%) Kafka
11 24 (5.91%) RabbitMQ
12 23 (5.67%) Node.js
13 22 (5.42%) Spring
14 21 (5.17%) Spring Boot
15 19 (4.68%) LAMP
15 19 (4.68%) Memcached
16 18 (4.43%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 62 (15.27%) PKI
2 34 (8.37%) Data Centre
3 24 (5.91%) Clustering
4 20 (4.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 19 (4.68%) Algorithms
5 19 (4.68%) Data Structures
5 19 (4.68%) Derivative
6 18 (4.43%) Private Cloud
7 17 (4.19%) Public Cloud
8 15 (3.69%) Fixed Income
9 14 (3.45%) Linux Command Line
9 14 (3.45%) Mobile App
10 11 (2.71%) Greenfield Project
10 11 (2.71%) Management Information System
11 7 (1.72%) Legacy Systems
12 6 (1.48%) Cloud Native
12 6 (1.48%) Virtual Team
13 5 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
13 5 (1.23%) Self-Motivation
13 5 (1.23%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 161 (39.66%) Linux
2 105 (25.86%) Windows
3 76 (18.72%) Unix
4 39 (9.61%) Windows Server
5 18 (4.43%) Windows 10
6 17 (4.19%) Ubuntu
7 16 (3.94%) Windows Server 2008
7 16 (3.94%) Windows Server 2012
8 15 (3.69%) Debian
9 13 (3.20%) Solaris
9 13 (3.20%) Windows Server 2016
10 12 (2.96%) CentOS
10 12 (2.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 10 (2.46%) Windows Server 2019
12 9 (2.22%) Android
13 7 (1.72%) AIX
13 7 (1.72%) zOS
14 6 (1.48%) Windows Phone
15 5 (1.23%) Apple iOS
16 2 (0.49%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 120 (29.56%) DevOps
2 100 (24.63%) Agile Software Development
3 63 (15.52%) Load Balancing
4 50 (12.32%) Cybersecurity
5 48 (11.82%) Problem-Solving
6 47 (11.58%) Scrum
7 45 (11.08%) Infrastructure as Code
8 40 (9.85%) ITIL
9 38 (9.36%) Continuous Integration
9 38 (9.36%) Migration
10 34 (8.37%) Performance Tuning
11 32 (7.88%) Vulnerability Management
12 30 (7.39%) Test Automation
13 29 (7.14%) API Development
14 26 (6.40%) High Availability
15 24 (5.91%) Identity Access Management
15 24 (5.91%) SDLC
16 22 (5.42%) API Design
16 22 (5.42%) Data Loss Prevention
16 22 (5.42%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 81 (19.95%) Python
1 81 (19.95%) SQL
2 68 (16.75%) Java
3 49 (12.07%) PowerShell
4 40 (9.85%) Bash Shell
5 33 (8.13%) JavaScript
6 26 (6.40%) Shell Script
7 23 (5.67%) Scala
8 22 (5.42%) Java 8
9 19 (4.68%) Haskell
9 19 (4.68%) PL/SQL
10 18 (4.43%) C#
11 17 (4.19%) Groovy
12 10 (2.46%) Perl
13 5 (1.23%) VBScript
14 4 (0.99%) Ruby
15 2 (0.49%) C
15 2 (0.49%) JCL
15 2 (0.49%) Kotlin
15 2 (0.49%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 61 (15.02%) Security Cleared
2 47 (11.58%) SC Cleared
3 42 (10.34%) Cisco Certification
4 24 (5.91%) CCNA
4 24 (5.91%) Degree
5 19 (4.68%) CCNP
6 11 (2.71%) BPSS Clearance
7 8 (1.97%) CCIE
7 8 (1.97%) CEH
7 8 (1.97%) CISSP
8 7 (1.72%) MCP
9 6 (1.48%) CISA
9 6 (1.48%) GIAC
9 6 (1.48%) ITIL Certification
9 6 (1.48%) Microsoft Certification
9 6 (1.48%) OSCP
10 5 (1.23%) CCIE Security
11 4 (0.99%) ISEB
11 4 (0.99%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 4 (0.99%) OSCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (4.93%) QA
2 8 (1.97%) GDPR
3 7 (1.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 7 (1.72%) NIST
3 7 (1.72%) SLA
4 6 (1.48%) PCI DSS
5 5 (1.23%) NCSC
6 4 (0.99%) Accessibility
6 4 (0.99%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 4 (0.99%) WCAG
7 2 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.49%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.25%) Data Quality
System Software
1 77 (18.97%) Active Directory
2 58 (14.29%) Docker
3 34 (8.37%) VMware Infrastructure
4 32 (7.88%) vCloud
5 18 (4.43%) VMware Workstation
6 14 (3.45%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (2.46%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 10 (2.46%) NFS
8 8 (1.97%) OpenDJ
8 8 (1.97%) Virtual Servers
9 7 (1.72%) OpenAM
9 7 (1.72%) ProxySG
10 5 (1.23%) VMware ESXi
10 5 (1.23%) VMware NSX
11 3 (0.74%) XenDesktop
12 2 (0.49%) Hyper-V
12 2 (0.49%) IAG
13 1 (0.25%) Samba
13 1 (0.25%) Snort
13 1 (0.25%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 78 (19.21%) Kubernetes
2 65 (16.01%) Ansible
3 63 (15.52%) Terraform
4 27 (6.65%) Single Sign-On
5 23 (5.67%) Active Directory Federation Services
6 18 (4.43%) Grafana
7 17 (4.19%) HAProxy
7 17 (4.19%) Opscode Chef
8 16 (3.94%) ZABBIX
9 14 (3.45%) Consul
9 14 (3.45%) Fluentd
9 14 (3.45%) Prometheus
9 14 (3.45%) Puppet
10 12 (2.96%) FortiGate
11 11 (2.71%) Docker Swarm
12 8 (1.97%) BladeLogic
12 8 (1.97%) Istio
12 8 (1.97%) ITRS Geneos
12 8 (1.97%) SCCM
13 7 (1.72%) Nagios
Vendors
1 84 (20.69%) Microsoft
2 81 (19.95%) VMware
3 63 (15.52%) Oracle
4 56 (13.79%) Cisco
5 51 (12.56%) F5
6 40 (9.85%) CA
7 35 (8.62%) Red Hat
8 34 (8.37%) IBM
8 34 (8.37%) Palo Alto
9 24 (5.91%) Citrix
9 24 (5.91%) Juniper
9 24 (5.91%) Splunk
10 23 (5.67%) Google
11 20 (4.93%) CheckPoint
12 19 (4.68%) Sonatype
13 16 (3.94%) CyberArk
13 16 (3.94%) NetApp
14 15 (3.69%) HP
15 13 (3.20%) Dell
15 13 (3.20%) ServiceNow