Period
to 11 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 11 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK
6 months to
11 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 404 376 388
Rank change year-on-year -28 +12 -19
Contract jobs citing SSL 285 294 614
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.51% 0.57% 0.66%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 4.46% 4.18% 5.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 173 198 396
10th Percentile £325 £350 £350
25th Percentile £405 £405 £418
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £490 £500 £519
Median % change year-on-year -2.00% -3.57% +3.70%
75th Percentile £600 £636 £575
90th Percentile £675 £711 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £469 £500
% change year-on-year -9.32% -6.26% +15.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 6
10th Percentile £39.70 " £21.88
25th Percentile £40.00 " £23.29
Median hourly rate £53.00 £18.80 £25.67
Median % change year-on-year +181.91% -26.76% +22.24%
75th Percentile £55.50 " £42.50
90th Percentile £62.25 " £48.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £53.00 £18.80 £25.67
% change year-on-year +181.91% -26.76% +22.24%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 6,386 7,037 11,618
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.42% 13.67% 12.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,113 4,294 7,312
10th Percentile £225 £178 £202
25th Percentile £350 £313 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £425 £425
Median % change year-on-year +5.88% - +2.41%
75th Percentile £538 £525 £538
90th Percentile £625 £613 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £413
% change year-on-year - -3.03% +6.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 292 404 533
10th Percentile £12.92 £13.25 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.49 £16.25 £14.50
Median hourly rate £28.00 £21.00 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year +33.33% +10.53% +1.60%
75th Percentile £50.00 £46.25 £44.50
90th Percentile £63.23 £53.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £19.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +26.32% +8.57% -2.94%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SSL.

Daily rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SSL.

Hourly rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the UK over the 6 months to 11 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -25 211 £473 -10.00% 70
Work from Home -156 114 £520 -4.41% 21
UK excluding London +10 110 £425 -9.32% 47
London -40 100 £521 -5.23% 26
South East +30 35 £475 +17.87% 15
South West +52 26 £425 +11.48% 8
Midlands +17 16 £400 -28.57% 6
Scotland -24 14 £425 -9.80% 4
East of England +35 13 £450 -22.41% 2
North of England +7 10 £390 -21.21% 12
West Midlands -8 10 £400 -28.57% 2
East Midlands +24 7 £388 - 4
Yorkshire +23 4 £125 -72.38% 3
North West +2 4 £500 +3.90% 5
North East +22 2 £405 -25.00% 4

For the 6 months to 11 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SSL.

1 97 (34.04%) AWS
2 90 (31.58%) Firewall
3 89 (31.23%) Linux
4 84 (29.47%) DevOps
5 77 (27.02%) DNS
6 74 (25.96%) TCP/IP
7 71 (24.91%) Java
7 71 (24.91%) Azure
8 68 (23.86%) Jenkins
9 65 (22.81%) VPN
10 64 (22.46%) Agile Software Development
11 60 (21.05%) HTTP
12 59 (20.70%) SQL
13 57 (20.00%) Social Skills
14 54 (18.95%) Kubernetes
15 53 (18.60%) Docker
16 49 (17.19%) Cisco
17 48 (16.84%) Git (software)
18 47 (16.49%) Microsoft
19 44 (15.44%) Active Directory
19 44 (15.44%) SC Cleared
19 44 (15.44%) Security Cleared
20 43 (15.09%) Windows
21 42 (14.74%) Python
22 40 (14.04%) Oracle
22 40 (14.04%) Finance
23 39 (13.68%) WAN
23 39 (13.68%) REST
24 37 (12.98%) GCP
24 37 (12.98%) JavaScript

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (12.98%) Apache
2 29 (10.18%) Tomcat
3 27 (9.47%) WebSphere
4 25 (8.77%) IIS
5 19 (6.67%) SharePoint
5 19 (6.67%) WebSphere Application Server
6 15 (5.26%) Confluence
7 9 (3.16%) Apache Spark
8 8 (2.81%) nginx
8 8 (2.81%) WebLogic
9 7 (2.46%) Apache ServiceMix
9 7 (2.46%) IBM Domino
10 6 (2.11%) JBoss
11 5 (1.75%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 5 (1.75%) Apache Airflow
11 5 (1.75%) WordPress
12 4 (1.40%) Jetty
12 4 (1.40%) Mongrel
12 4 (1.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 3 (1.05%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 21 (7.37%) Microsoft Office
2 15 (5.26%) MS Visio
3 3 (1.05%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 8 (2.81%) Magento
2 7 (2.46%) Shopify
3 3 (1.05%) BusinessWorks
3 3 (1.05%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.70%) Oracle 11i
4 2 (0.70%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.70%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.35%) Radian6
Cloud Services
1 97 (34.04%) AWS
2 71 (24.91%) Azure
3 37 (12.98%) GCP
4 19 (6.67%) Amazon EC2
5 17 (5.96%) GitHub
6 16 (5.61%) Microsoft 365
7 14 (4.91%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 11 (3.86%) IaaS
9 9 (3.16%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 8 (2.81%) Amazon S3
11 7 (2.46%) AWS Lambda
11 7 (2.46%) Cloud Computing
11 7 (2.46%) Serverless
12 6 (2.11%) Force.com
12 6 (2.11%) PaaS
12 6 (2.11%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
12 6 (2.11%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 5 (1.75%) CloudFront
13 5 (1.75%) Google Analytics
13 5 (1.75%) Siteimprove
Communications & Networking
1 90 (31.58%) Firewall
2 77 (27.02%) DNS
3 74 (25.96%) TCP/IP
4 65 (22.81%) VPN
5 60 (21.05%) HTTP
6 39 (13.68%) WAN
7 36 (12.63%) DHCP
8 35 (12.28%) IPsec
9 34 (11.93%) LAN
10 29 (10.18%) Kerberos
11 27 (9.47%) SSH
12 25 (8.77%) OSPF
13 24 (8.42%) FTP
14 23 (8.07%) BGP
14 23 (8.07%) MPLS
15 21 (7.37%) Network Security
16 19 (6.67%) EIGRP
16 19 (6.67%) Internet
17 18 (6.32%) HTTPS
18 16 (5.61%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (4.91%) NoSQL
2 13 (4.56%) Relational Database
2 13 (4.56%) SQL Server
3 11 (3.86%) MySQL
4 8 (2.81%) Apache Hive
4 8 (2.81%) Cloudera CDH
4 8 (2.81%) HBase
4 8 (2.81%) MongoDB
5 7 (2.46%) Hazelcast
5 7 (2.46%) Redis
6 6 (2.11%) RDBMS
7 5 (1.75%) Big Data
7 5 (1.75%) Parquet
8 3 (1.05%) Amazon RDS
8 3 (1.05%) Apache Kudu
8 3 (1.05%) Impala
8 3 (1.05%) Mixpanel
8 3 (1.05%) Oracle Database
8 3 (1.05%) Sqoop
8 3 (1.05%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 68 (23.86%) Jenkins
2 48 (16.84%) Git (software)
3 27 (9.47%) JIRA
4 14 (4.91%) Maven
5 11 (3.86%) Sonatype Nexus
5 11 (3.86%) Subversion
6 8 (2.81%) Bitbucket
6 8 (2.81%) Cucumber
6 8 (2.81%) GitLab
6 8 (2.81%) IBM UrbanCode
6 8 (2.81%) Selenium
7 7 (2.46%) Gatling
7 7 (2.46%) SonarQube
8 6 (2.11%) Eclipse
9 5 (1.75%) gulp
9 5 (1.75%) JUnit
9 5 (1.75%) Pa11y
10 4 (1.40%) SoapUI
10 4 (1.40%) Travis CI
11 3 (1.05%) FishEye
General
1 57 (20.00%) Social Skills
2 40 (14.04%) Finance
3 35 (12.28%) Banking
4 14 (4.91%) Analytical Skills
4 14 (4.91%) Public Sector
5 11 (3.86%) Documentation Skills
5 11 (3.86%) Retail Banking
6 7 (2.46%) Investment Banking
7 5 (1.75%) Front Office
7 5 (1.75%) Influencing Skills
7 5 (1.75%) Organisational Skills
8 4 (1.40%) Telecoms
9 3 (1.05%) Marketing
9 3 (1.05%) Pharmaceutical
9 3 (1.05%) Presentation Skills
10 2 (0.70%) Automotive
10 2 (0.70%) Legal
11 1 (0.35%) Advertising
11 1 (0.35%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 59 (20.70%) Developer
2 33 (11.58%) Architect
3 28 (9.82%) Consultant
4 25 (8.77%) DevOps Engineer
4 25 (8.77%) Java Developer
5 20 (7.02%) Network Engineer
6 17 (5.96%) Senior Developer
7 15 (5.26%) AWS Engineer
8 14 (4.91%) Administrator
8 14 (4.91%) Senior Consultant
9 13 (4.56%) AWS DevOps
9 13 (4.56%) Product Owner
9 13 (4.56%) Security Consultant
9 13 (4.56%) Senior Product Owner
9 13 (4.56%) Senior Security Consultant
10 12 (4.21%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 11 (3.86%) Senior Java Developer
12 10 (3.51%) Platform Engineer
13 8 (2.81%) Lead Developer
13 8 (2.81%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (13.68%) REST
2 31 (10.88%) SOAP
3 30 (10.53%) SAML
4 29 (10.18%) XML
5 28 (9.82%) HTML
6 27 (9.47%) Spring
6 27 (9.47%) Web Services
7 25 (8.77%) LDAP
8 24 (8.42%) Node.js
8 24 (8.42%) OAuth
8 24 (8.42%) RESTful
9 23 (8.07%) Kafka
10 22 (7.72%) CSS
11 21 (7.37%) OpenID
12 20 (7.02%) Spring Boot
13 18 (6.32%) OAuth2
14 15 (5.26%) JSON
15 14 (4.91%) Middleware
15 14 (4.91%) XACML
16 13 (4.56%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 29 (10.18%) Data Centre
2 21 (7.37%) PKI
3 15 (5.26%) Clustering
3 15 (5.26%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
4 12 (4.21%) Algorithms
5 11 (3.86%) Data Structures
6 10 (3.51%) Greenfield Project
7 9 (3.16%) Management Information System
8 8 (2.81%) Public Cloud
9 7 (2.46%) Derivative
9 7 (2.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 6 (2.11%) Mobile App
11 5 (1.75%) DataPower
11 5 (1.75%) Enterprise Software
11 5 (1.75%) Linux Command Line
12 4 (1.40%) Fixed Income
12 4 (1.40%) Internet of Things
13 3 (1.05%) Animation
13 3 (1.05%) Device Driver
14 2 (0.70%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 89 (31.23%) Linux
2 43 (15.09%) Windows
3 26 (9.12%) Unix
4 14 (4.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 14 (4.91%) Windows Server
5 8 (2.81%) Android
6 5 (1.75%) VMS
7 4 (1.40%) Windows Server 2008
7 4 (1.40%) Windows Server 2016
8 3 (1.05%) Amazon Linux
8 3 (1.05%) Apple iOS
8 3 (1.05%) Windows 10
8 3 (1.05%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (1.05%) Windows Server 2019
9 2 (0.70%) CatOS
9 2 (0.70%) CentOS
9 2 (0.70%) Windows Phone
10 1 (0.35%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.35%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.35%) Windows 2000 Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 84 (29.47%) DevOps
2 64 (22.46%) Agile Software Development
3 32 (11.23%) Microservices
4 31 (10.88%) Migration
5 28 (9.82%) Continuous Integration
5 28 (9.82%) Scrum
5 28 (9.82%) Test Automation
6 25 (8.77%) Problem-Solving
7 21 (7.37%) Cybersecurity
8 20 (7.02%) ITIL
9 19 (6.67%) Security Architecture
10 18 (6.32%) Load Balancing
10 18 (6.32%) Product Roadmap
11 17 (5.96%) E-Commerce
11 17 (5.96%) Mentoring
12 16 (5.61%) Performance Tuning
13 15 (5.26%) Analytics
13 15 (5.26%) Configuration Management
13 15 (5.26%) Open Source
13 15 (5.26%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 71 (24.91%) Java
2 59 (20.70%) SQL
3 42 (14.74%) Python
4 37 (12.98%) JavaScript
5 29 (10.18%) Shell Script
6 24 (8.42%) Bash Shell
7 19 (6.67%) PowerShell
8 18 (6.32%) PHP
8 18 (6.32%) Scala
9 14 (4.91%) Java 8
10 12 (4.21%) Perl
11 11 (3.86%) Go
11 11 (3.86%) PL/SQL
11 11 (3.86%) TypeScript
12 7 (2.46%) Haskell
13 6 (2.11%) C
13 6 (2.11%) C#
13 6 (2.11%) T-SQL
14 5 (1.75%) Apex Code
14 5 (1.75%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 44 (15.44%) SC Cleared
1 44 (15.44%) Security Cleared
2 33 (11.58%) Cisco Certification
3 25 (8.77%) CCNP
4 16 (5.61%) CCNA
5 12 (4.21%) Degree
6 5 (1.75%) CISSP
6 5 (1.75%) Computer Science Degree
7 4 (1.40%) CCIE
8 3 (1.05%) AWS Certification
8 3 (1.05%) CISM
8 3 (1.05%) ITIL Certification
8 3 (1.05%) MCSE
8 3 (1.05%) Microsoft Certification
8 3 (1.05%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 2 (0.70%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.70%) GIAC
9 2 (0.70%) RHCE
9 2 (0.70%) RHCSA
10 1 (0.35%) Citrix Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (7.37%) SLA
2 7 (2.46%) QA
3 5 (1.75%) WCAG
4 4 (1.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 3 (1.05%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.35%) NCSC
6 1 (0.35%) NIST
System Software
1 53 (18.60%) Docker
2 44 (15.44%) Active Directory
3 29 (10.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (4.91%) RACF
5 9 (3.16%) Postfix
5 9 (3.16%) qmail
6 8 (2.81%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (2.46%) NFS
8 6 (2.11%) Xen
9 5 (1.75%) Firmware
9 5 (1.75%) KVM
9 5 (1.75%) Samba
10 3 (1.05%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 3 (1.05%) HDFS
10 3 (1.05%) Hyper-V
10 3 (1.05%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (1.05%) vSphere
11 2 (0.70%) Sendmail
11 2 (0.70%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 2 (0.70%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 54 (18.95%) Kubernetes
2 26 (9.12%) Ansible
3 25 (8.77%) Single Sign-On
4 24 (8.42%) Terraform
5 21 (7.37%) Puppet
6 14 (4.91%) Opscode Chef
7 8 (2.81%) Grafana
7 8 (2.81%) HP NNM
7 8 (2.81%) Oozie
8 7 (2.46%) FortiGate
9 5 (1.75%) Hadoop YARN
9 5 (1.75%) Kibana
9 5 (1.75%) PingFederate
10 4 (1.40%) Cisco Prime
11 3 (1.05%) Ambari
11 3 (1.05%) Apache Slider
11 3 (1.05%) Nagios
11 3 (1.05%) Salt
11 3 (1.05%) SolarWinds Orion
11 3 (1.05%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 49 (17.19%) Cisco
2 47 (16.49%) Microsoft
3 40 (14.04%) Oracle
4 35 (12.28%) VMware
5 29 (10.18%) F5
6 23 (8.07%) Juniper
7 19 (6.67%) IBM
8 18 (6.32%) Google
9 15 (5.26%) Red Hat
10 14 (4.91%) CheckPoint
10 14 (4.91%) HP
11 11 (3.86%) Palo Alto
12 9 (3.16%) Dynatrace
12 9 (3.16%) Fortinet
12 9 (3.16%) Nintex
12 9 (3.16%) ServiceNow
13 8 (2.81%) Adobe
13 8 (2.81%) Citrix
13 8 (2.81%) New Relic
13 8 (2.81%) Salesforce.com