Period
to 27 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 27 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK
6 months to
27 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 333 467 342
Rank change year-on-year +134 -125 +43
Contract jobs citing SSL 203 365 749
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.63% 0.43% 0.73%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 4.78% 3.25% 5.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 160 222 497
Median daily rate £523 £463 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +12.97% -2.63% -5.00%
10th Percentile £319 £356 £313
90th Percentile £645 £686 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -5.56% +5.88% -10.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 11 11
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.12 £29.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +39.33% -13.38% -12.12%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £25.12 £29.00
% change year-on-year +59.24% -13.38% -12.12%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 4,251 11,233 13,521
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.13% 13.32% 13.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,451 6,770 8,145
Median daily rate £440 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.53% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £213 £200 £200
90th Percentile £621 £600 £608
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 234 623 660
Median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% +57.89% -
10th Percentile £14.50 £13.50 £12.23
90th Percentile £56.40 £53.75 £48.30
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.50 £19.00
% change year-on-year +48.94% +23.68% -1.63%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SSL.

Daily rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 27 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SSL.

Hourly rate trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the UK over the 6 months to 27 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +135 158 £501 +5.47% 35
UK excluding London +99 89 £425 -5.56% 25
London +190 86 £550 - 15
Work from Home -64 47 £525 +23.53% 7
North of England +73 32 £488 -2.50% 9
South East +140 27 £400 -11.11% 7
Yorkshire +72 21 £501 +0.10% 1
Scotland +59 17 £290 -46.05% 2
South West +96 8 £308 -27.65% 2
North West +59 8 £350 -34.88% 8
East of England +88 3 £625 +45.35% 1
North East +23 3 £394 -2.41%
Midlands +50 1 £400 -5.88% 1
West Midlands +34 1 £400 -9.09% 1
Wales +27 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 27 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SSL.

1 81 (39.90%) AWS
2 71 (34.98%) DNS
3 70 (34.48%) Agile Software Development
3 70 (34.48%) DevOps
4 68 (33.50%) HTTP
5 64 (31.53%) TCP/IP
5 64 (31.53%) Firewall
6 63 (31.03%) Java
7 60 (29.56%) Linux
8 56 (27.59%) Docker
9 53 (26.11%) Jenkins
10 51 (25.12%) SQL
11 49 (24.14%) Windows
12 47 (23.15%) GCP
13 45 (22.17%) Kubernetes
14 42 (20.69%) F5
15 41 (20.20%) Splunk
15 41 (20.20%) Python
15 41 (20.20%) Ansible
16 40 (19.70%) Azure
17 38 (18.72%) Finance
17 38 (18.72%) Scrum
18 37 (18.23%) Puppet
19 35 (17.24%) PowerShell
19 35 (17.24%) Git (software)
19 35 (17.24%) Test Automation
20 34 (16.75%) Continuous Integration
21 33 (16.26%) Software Engineering
22 32 (15.76%) Active Directory
22 32 (15.76%) Microservices

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (14.29%) Apache
2 28 (13.79%) Confluence
3 24 (11.82%) Tomcat
4 16 (7.88%) Apache Spark
4 16 (7.88%) Cloud Foundry
5 14 (6.90%) IIS
5 14 (6.90%) Mule
6 12 (5.91%) nginx
7 11 (5.42%) Apache Solr
8 10 (4.93%) Elasticsearch
9 8 (3.94%) WebSphere
10 7 (3.45%) JBoss
11 5 (2.46%) WebLogic
11 5 (2.46%) WebSphere Application Server
12 4 (1.97%) MS Exchange
12 4 (1.97%) SAS
13 3 (1.48%) SharePoint
14 2 (0.99%) IBM HTTP Server
14 2 (0.99%) Jetty
14 2 (0.99%) SharePoint 2010
Business Applications
1 6 (2.96%) Magento
2 1 (0.49%) Dynamics GP
Cloud Services
1 81 (39.90%) AWS
2 47 (23.15%) GCP
3 40 (19.70%) Azure
4 23 (11.33%) Slack
5 22 (10.84%) GitHub
6 21 (10.34%) Amazon EC2
7 15 (7.39%) SaaS
8 14 (6.90%) npm
9 9 (4.43%) Office 365
10 8 (3.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 7 (3.45%) PaaS
12 6 (2.96%) Azure Active Directory
12 6 (2.96%) Google Analytics
13 3 (1.48%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 3 (1.48%) AWS CloudFormation
13 3 (1.48%) AWS CloudTrail
14 2 (0.99%) Amazon GuardDuty
14 2 (0.99%) OneDrive
14 2 (0.99%) OpenShift
14 2 (0.99%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 71 (34.98%) DNS
2 68 (33.50%) HTTP
3 64 (31.53%) Firewall
3 64 (31.53%) TCP/IP
4 26 (12.81%) HTTPS
5 24 (11.82%) VPN
6 19 (9.36%) Reverse Proxy
7 15 (7.39%) IPsec
7 15 (7.39%) WAN
8 14 (6.90%) DHCP
8 14 (6.90%) LAN
8 14 (6.90%) Network Security
9 13 (6.40%) Internet
10 12 (5.91%) SNMP
11 11 (5.42%) MPLS
12 10 (4.93%) SAN
13 9 (4.43%) BGP
13 9 (4.43%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
13 9 (4.43%) Wireshark
14 8 (3.94%) Cisco ISE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (11.82%) SQL Server
2 17 (8.37%) Relational Database
3 14 (6.90%) Hadoop
3 14 (6.90%) NoSQL
4 12 (5.91%) MongoDB
4 12 (5.91%) SQL Server 2016
5 10 (4.93%) MySQL
6 8 (3.94%) Data Warehouse
7 7 (3.45%) Big Data
8 6 (2.96%) PostgreSQL
9 5 (2.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 5 (2.46%) Amazon RDS
10 4 (1.97%) Cosmos DB
10 4 (1.97%) Redis
10 4 (1.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 3 (1.48%) DataStage
11 3 (1.48%) Oracle Database
11 3 (1.48%) Oracle Database 11g
12 2 (0.99%) HBase
12 2 (0.99%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 53 (26.11%) Jenkins
2 35 (17.24%) Git (software)
3 30 (14.78%) JIRA
4 24 (11.82%) Sonatype Nexus
5 22 (10.84%) Maven
6 21 (10.34%) Selenium
7 20 (9.85%) JUnit
8 14 (6.90%) Mockito
9 7 (3.45%) Cucumber
9 7 (3.45%) Gatling
10 4 (1.97%) ProC
10 4 (1.97%) Subversion
11 3 (1.48%) Artifactory
11 3 (1.48%) Oracle APEX
11 3 (1.48%) SoapUI
12 2 (0.99%) GitLab
12 2 (0.99%) Octopus Deploy
12 2 (0.99%) Team Foundation Server
12 2 (0.99%) TeamCity
12 2 (0.99%) Travis CI
General
1 38 (18.72%) Finance
2 22 (10.84%) Banking
3 8 (3.94%) Public Sector
4 6 (2.96%) Investment Banking
5 4 (1.97%) Financial Institution
6 3 (1.48%) Legal
6 3 (1.48%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.49%) Finnish Language
7 1 (0.49%) Law
7 1 (0.49%) Local Government
7 1 (0.49%) Mandarin Language
7 1 (0.49%) Marketing
7 1 (0.49%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 37 (18.23%) DevOps Engineer
2 32 (15.76%) Developer
3 18 (8.87%) Network Engineer
3 18 (8.87%) Platform Engineer
4 15 (7.39%) Architect
5 14 (6.90%) Analyst
6 13 (6.40%) AWS DevOps
6 13 (6.40%) AWS Engineer
6 13 (6.40%) Java Developer
7 12 (5.91%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 10 (4.93%) Consultant
9 9 (4.43%) Security Architect
9 9 (4.43%) Security Engineer
9 9 (4.43%) Support Engineer
10 8 (3.94%) Project Manager
11 7 (3.45%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 7 (3.45%) Security Analyst
11 7 (3.45%) Systems Engineer
12 6 (2.96%) Administrator
12 6 (2.96%) Network Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 31 (15.27%) Spring
2 26 (12.81%) JSON
2 26 (12.81%) REST
3 24 (11.82%) Node.js
4 19 (9.36%) LDAP
4 19 (9.36%) Middleware
5 17 (8.37%) Spring Boot
6 15 (7.39%) WireMock
6 15 (7.39%) XML
7 14 (6.90%) Enzyme
7 14 (6.90%) Jest
7 14 (6.90%) Kafka
7 14 (6.90%) Redux
8 13 (6.40%) Express
8 13 (6.40%) JAAS
8 13 (6.40%) RabbitMQ
8 13 (6.40%) Spring Security
9 12 (5.91%) Guice
9 12 (5.91%) RESTful
10 9 (4.43%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 19 (9.36%) Analytical Skills
2 17 (8.37%) Data Centre
3 16 (7.88%) PKI
4 14 (6.90%) Mobile App
5 12 (5.91%) Greenfield Project
6 9 (4.43%) Linux Command Line
7 8 (3.94%) Management Information System
8 7 (3.45%) User Experience
9 6 (2.96%) Self-Motivation
9 6 (2.96%) Virtual Team
10 5 (2.46%) Algorithms
10 5 (2.46%) Enterprise Software
11 4 (1.97%) Hybrid Cloud
12 3 (1.48%) CESG
12 3 (1.48%) Client/Server
12 3 (1.48%) DataPower
12 3 (1.48%) Security Operations Centre
13 2 (0.99%) EFT
13 2 (0.99%) Robotics
13 2 (0.99%) RSA SecurID
Operating Systems
1 60 (29.56%) Linux
2 49 (24.14%) Windows
3 25 (12.32%) Windows Server
4 14 (6.90%) Windows Server 2016
5 13 (6.40%) Unix
6 10 (4.93%) Solaris
6 10 (4.93%) Windows Server 2012
7 7 (3.45%) Windows 10
8 6 (2.96%) CentOS
9 5 (2.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 5 (2.46%) Ubuntu
9 5 (2.46%) Windows Server 2008
10 4 (1.97%) Check Point GAiA
10 4 (1.97%) Debian
10 4 (1.97%) Windows 7
11 3 (1.48%) SUSE
12 2 (0.99%) Windows XP
13 1 (0.49%) Data ONTAP
13 1 (0.49%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 70 (34.48%) Agile Software Development
1 70 (34.48%) DevOps
2 38 (18.72%) Scrum
3 35 (17.24%) Test Automation
4 34 (16.75%) Continuous Integration
5 33 (16.26%) Software Engineering
6 32 (15.76%) Microservices
7 30 (14.78%) ITIL
8 29 (14.29%) Load Balancing
9 28 (13.79%) Continuous Improvement
10 27 (13.30%) Problem-Solving
11 26 (12.81%) Kanban
12 25 (12.32%) Cybersecurity
13 22 (10.84%) Open Source
14 18 (8.87%) Analytics
14 18 (8.87%) Performance Tuning
14 18 (8.87%) Security Testing
15 17 (8.37%) Continuous Delivery
15 17 (8.37%) Information Security
15 17 (8.37%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 63 (31.03%) Java
2 51 (25.12%) SQL
3 41 (20.20%) Python
4 35 (17.24%) PowerShell
5 20 (9.85%) Scala
6 14 (6.90%) ES6
7 13 (6.40%) Perl
8 11 (5.42%) Java 8
8 11 (5.42%) Shell Script
9 10 (4.93%) JavaScript
9 10 (4.93%) Kotlin
10 9 (4.43%) PHP
11 8 (3.94%) Bash Shell
11 8 (3.94%) Ruby
12 3 (1.48%) C
12 3 (1.48%) C#
12 3 (1.48%) R
12 3 (1.48%) T-SQL
13 2 (0.99%) PL/SQL
14 1 (0.49%) VBA
Qualifications
1 28 (13.79%) Security Cleared
2 21 (10.34%) SC Cleared
3 18 (8.87%) Cisco Certification
4 14 (6.90%) CCNP
5 8 (3.94%) CCNA
6 7 (3.45%) Degree
7 6 (2.96%) CISSP
8 5 (2.46%) CEH
8 5 (2.46%) CREST Certified
9 3 (1.48%) AWS Certification
9 3 (1.48%) CCDP
9 3 (1.48%) CCIE
9 3 (1.48%) CISM
9 3 (1.48%) GIAC
9 3 (1.48%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.99%) CCSP
10 2 (0.99%) Citrix Certification
10 2 (0.99%) GCIA
10 2 (0.99%) MCSE
10 2 (0.99%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (8.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 15 (7.39%) GDPR
3 12 (5.91%) Cyber Essentials
3 12 (5.91%) HIPAA
3 12 (5.91%) SLA
4 11 (5.42%) QA
5 6 (2.96%) WCAG
6 5 (2.46%) NIST
7 4 (1.97%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.99%) COBIT
8 2 (0.99%) NCSC
9 1 (0.49%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.49%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.49%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 56 (27.59%) Docker
2 32 (15.76%) Active Directory
3 17 (8.37%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (3.45%) VMware NSX
5 6 (2.96%) XenDesktop
6 5 (2.46%) XenApp
7 4 (1.97%) Hyper-V
7 4 (1.97%) Microsoft App-V
8 3 (1.48%) Snort
8 3 (1.48%) vCloud
9 2 (0.99%) Firmware
9 2 (0.99%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.99%) PowerDNS
9 2 (0.99%) vSphere
9 2 (0.99%) Xen
10 1 (0.49%) BitLocker
10 1 (0.49%) HDFS
10 1 (0.49%) RACF
10 1 (0.49%) UAG
10 1 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 45 (22.17%) Kubernetes
2 41 (20.20%) Ansible
3 37 (18.23%) Puppet
4 20 (9.85%) Opscode Chef
5 10 (4.93%) SCCM
6 9 (4.43%) Prometheus
6 9 (4.43%) Terraform
6 9 (4.43%) Zipkin
7 8 (3.94%) Single Sign-On
8 7 (3.45%) SCOM
9 6 (2.96%) Grafana
9 6 (2.96%) Kibana
10 5 (2.46%) Cisco CUCM
10 5 (2.46%) Cisco UCCX
11 4 (1.97%) PowerCLI
11 4 (1.97%) SCDPM
11 4 (1.97%) WSUS
12 3 (1.48%) ITRS Geneos
12 3 (1.48%) Network Intrusion Detection System
12 3 (1.48%) Packer
Vendors
1 42 (20.69%) F5
2 41 (20.20%) Splunk
3 26 (12.81%) Cisco
3 26 (12.81%) VMware
4 22 (10.84%) AppDynamics
4 22 (10.84%) Microsoft
5 18 (8.87%) CheckPoint
6 16 (7.88%) Blue Coat
7 15 (7.39%) Juniper
8 12 (5.91%) Citrix
8 12 (5.91%) IBM
9 10 (4.93%) Google
10 9 (4.43%) Fortinet
10 9 (4.43%) Oracle
11 8 (3.94%) Meraki
12 7 (3.45%) Palo Alto
13 6 (2.96%) Veracode
14 5 (2.46%) LogicMonitor
14 5 (2.46%) Remedy
14 5 (2.46%) SolarWinds