Period
to 27 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 27 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
27 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 202 192 223
Rank change year-on-year -10 +31 +7
Contract jobs citing VPN 409 1,222 1,289
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.26% 1.45% 1.25%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.62% 10.88% 9.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 271 752 807
Median daily rate £450 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +12.50% - -
10th Percentile £180 £158 £150
90th Percentile £575 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £375
% change year-on-year +3.45% -3.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 69 75
Median hourly rate £19.75 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.86% - -6.42%
10th Percentile £15.50 £12.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £38.50 £82.50 £36.18
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.50 £17.50 £15.41
% change year-on-year +11.43% +13.58% -11.96%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 4,251 11,233 13,521
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.13% 13.32% 13.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,451 6,770 8,145
Median daily rate £440 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.53% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £213 £200 £200
90th Percentile £621 £600 £608
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 234 623 660
Median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% +57.89% -
10th Percentile £14.50 £13.50 £12.23
90th Percentile £56.40 £53.75 £48.30
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.50 £19.00
% change year-on-year +48.94% +23.68% -1.63%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Daily rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 27 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 27 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 27 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -20 360 £450 +12.50% 167
UK excluding London -8 196 £375 +3.45% 125
London +12 178 £495 +13.14% 49
Work from Home -65 75 £475 +11.76% 19
South East +7 62 £425 -1.16% 35
Midlands +17 39 £413 +15.79% 18
South West +62 28 £425 +13.33% 15
West Midlands +14 28 £413 +15.79% 12
North of England +21 26 £315 -3.08% 42
East of England +60 21 £283 -1.74% 8
Scotland +63 18 £225 -30.77% 5
North West +26 17 £375 +20.97% 19
East Midlands +14 9 £500 +37.93% 6
Yorkshire +43 6 £315 -10.00% 19
North East +29 3 £105 -79.51% 4
Wales +27 3 £130 -70.45% 2

For the 6 months to 27 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 208 (50.86%) Firewall
2 183 (44.74%) Windows
3 169 (41.32%) Cisco
4 148 (36.19%) WAN
5 122 (29.83%) Active Directory
6 119 (29.10%) Azure
7 115 (28.12%) LAN
8 110 (26.89%) Security Cleared
9 106 (25.92%) Microsoft
10 105 (25.67%) DNS
11 89 (21.76%) Linux
12 86 (21.03%) Cisco Certification
13 83 (20.29%) SC Cleared
14 77 (18.83%) Office 365
15 67 (16.38%) CCNP
16 66 (16.14%) Windows Server
17 65 (15.89%) VMware
18 63 (15.40%) Network Security
19 62 (15.16%) PaaS
20 61 (14.91%) AWS
20 61 (14.91%) Wireless
21 60 (14.67%) OSPF
22 58 (14.18%) MPLS
22 58 (14.18%) Palo Alto
23 56 (13.69%) DevOps
23 56 (13.69%) BGP
23 56 (13.69%) Oracle
24 55 (13.45%) TCP/IP
24 55 (13.45%) CheckPoint
25 53 (12.96%) Juniper

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (4.40%) SharePoint
2 16 (3.91%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 16 (3.91%) Skype for Business
3 15 (3.67%) WebLogic
4 13 (3.18%) MS Exchange
5 9 (2.20%) WebSphere
6 6 (1.47%) JBoss
6 6 (1.47%) NetWeaver
7 5 (1.22%) Exchange Server 2010
7 5 (1.22%) OpenStack
8 4 (0.98%) Confluence
8 4 (0.98%) Jupyter
8 4 (0.98%) SharePoint 2013
9 3 (0.73%) Apache Spark
9 3 (0.73%) nginx
10 2 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.49%) Exchange Server 2003
10 2 (0.49%) SAS
11 1 (0.24%) Exchange Server 2007
11 1 (0.24%) MQSeries
Applications
1 28 (6.85%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (3.42%) MS Visio
3 10 (2.44%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.98%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.24%) Acrobat
5 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.24%) Notepad++
5 1 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 1 (0.24%) assyst
1 1 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
1 1 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
1 1 (0.24%) Remedy ITSM
1 1 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
1 1 (0.24%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 119 (29.10%) Azure
2 77 (18.83%) Office 365
3 62 (15.16%) PaaS
4 61 (14.91%) AWS
5 45 (11.00%) SaaS
6 39 (9.54%) IaaS
7 32 (7.82%) Azure Active Directory
8 27 (6.60%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 23 (5.62%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 11 (2.69%) Amazon EC2
10 11 (2.69%) Amazon S3
11 10 (2.44%) Cloud Computing
12 8 (1.96%) GCP
12 8 (1.96%) Route 53
13 7 (1.71%) AWS CloudFormation
14 6 (1.47%) Amazon EKS
14 6 (1.47%) Azure Stack
14 6 (1.47%) OneDrive
14 6 (1.47%) Power Automate
15 5 (1.22%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 208 (50.86%) Firewall
2 148 (36.19%) WAN
3 115 (28.12%) LAN
4 105 (25.67%) DNS
5 63 (15.40%) Network Security
6 61 (14.91%) Wireless
7 60 (14.67%) OSPF
8 58 (14.18%) MPLS
9 56 (13.69%) BGP
10 55 (13.45%) TCP/IP
11 50 (12.22%) IPsec
12 48 (11.74%) DHCP
13 44 (10.76%) Internet
14 40 (9.78%) Wi-Fi
15 39 (9.54%) DMZ
16 38 (9.29%) VoIP
17 36 (8.80%) SNMP
18 35 (8.56%) VLAN
19 34 (8.31%) Cisco ASA
20 32 (7.82%) EIGRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (3.67%) Oracle ODI
2 13 (3.18%) Azure SQL Database
2 13 (3.18%) SQL Server
3 12 (2.93%) Relational Database
4 10 (2.44%) MySQL
5 9 (2.20%) Cosmos DB
6 8 (1.96%) DB2
7 6 (1.47%) SAP HANA
8 5 (1.22%) PostgreSQL
9 4 (0.98%) NoSQL
10 3 (0.73%) Apache Hive
10 3 (0.73%) Big Data
10 3 (0.73%) Hadoop
10 3 (0.73%) Redis
11 2 (0.49%) Data Warehouse
11 2 (0.49%) Geospatial Data
12 1 (0.24%) Amazon RDS
12 1 (0.24%) BusinessObjects
12 1 (0.24%) Data Lake
12 1 (0.24%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 19 (4.65%) JIRA
2 16 (3.91%) GitLab
3 13 (3.18%) Jenkins
4 5 (1.22%) Git (software)
4 5 (1.22%) Terragrunt
5 2 (0.49%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 2 (0.49%) Bitbucket
6 1 (0.24%) Artifactory
6 1 (0.24%) SonarQube
6 1 (0.24%) Sonatype Nexus
6 1 (0.24%) Team Foundation Server
6 1 (0.24%) TeamCity
6 1 (0.24%) Visual Studio
6 1 (0.24%) Visual Studio Team System
6 1 (0.24%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 41 (10.02%) Public Sector
2 33 (8.07%) Finance
3 28 (6.85%) Telecoms
4 12 (2.93%) Banking
5 7 (1.71%) Manufacturing
5 7 (1.71%) Pharmaceutical
6 5 (1.22%) Electronics
6 5 (1.22%) German Language
6 5 (1.22%) Investment Banking
6 5 (1.22%) Marketing
7 4 (0.98%) Retail
8 3 (0.73%) Legal
9 2 (0.49%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.49%) French Language
9 2 (0.49%) Law
9 2 (0.49%) Local Government
9 2 (0.49%) Publishing
10 1 (0.24%) Italian Language
10 1 (0.24%) Police
Job Titles
1 101 (24.69%) Network Engineer
2 53 (12.96%) Architect
3 44 (10.76%) Analyst
4 24 (5.87%) Security Engineer
5 22 (5.38%) Developer
5 22 (5.38%) DevOps Engineer
6 21 (5.13%) Azure Engineer
6 21 (5.13%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 19 (4.65%) Network Architect
8 18 (4.40%) Cloud Engineer
9 16 (3.91%) Cisco Engineer
9 16 (3.91%) DV Cleared Network Engineer
10 15 (3.67%) Network Security Engineer
11 14 (3.42%) Cisco Network Engineer
11 14 (3.42%) Consultant
12 13 (3.18%) Cloud Developer
12 13 (3.18%) Senior Network Engineer
12 13 (3.18%) Support Analyst
12 13 (3.18%) Technical Architect
13 12 (2.93%) Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (6.11%) Oracle Fusion
2 17 (4.16%) SAML
3 12 (2.93%) .NET
4 11 (2.69%) 802.1X
5 10 (2.44%) Middleware
6 6 (1.47%) SAP Basis
6 6 (1.47%) Web Services
7 5 (1.22%) REST
8 4 (0.98%) LDAP
9 2 (0.49%) ActiveMQ
9 2 (0.49%) Elastic Stack
9 2 (0.49%) J2EE
9 2 (0.49%) RabbitMQ
9 2 (0.49%) YAML
10 1 (0.24%) LAMP
10 1 (0.24%) LEMP Stack
10 1 (0.24%) PHP-FPM
10 1 (0.24%) XMPP
Miscellaneous
1 43 (10.51%) Data Centre
2 33 (8.07%) PKI
3 24 (5.87%) Public Cloud
4 19 (4.65%) Management Information System
5 16 (3.91%) Analytical Skills
6 13 (3.18%) Self-Motivation
7 12 (2.93%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 8 (1.96%) Hybrid Cloud
8 8 (1.96%) Linux Command Line
8 8 (1.96%) Mobile App
8 8 (1.96%) NHS
8 8 (1.96%) Replication
9 6 (1.47%) Driving Licence
9 6 (1.47%) RSA SecurID
9 6 (1.47%) Smartphone
10 5 (1.22%) Video Conferencing
11 4 (0.98%) Blackberry
11 4 (0.98%) User Experience
12 3 (0.73%) BYOD
12 3 (0.73%) Cyber Kill Chain
Operating Systems
1 183 (44.74%) Windows
2 89 (21.76%) Linux
3 66 (16.14%) Windows Server
4 49 (11.98%) Windows 10
5 27 (6.60%) Unix
6 25 (6.11%) Windows 7
7 11 (2.69%) Windows Server 2008
7 11 (2.69%) Windows Server 2019
8 10 (2.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 10 (2.44%) Windows Mobile
9 9 (2.20%) Android
9 9 (2.20%) Solaris
10 8 (1.96%) Apple iOS
11 6 (1.47%) Fedora
11 6 (1.47%) Ubuntu
12 5 (1.22%) AIX
12 5 (1.22%) Debian
12 5 (1.22%) VMS
12 5 (1.22%) Windows Server 2016
12 5 (1.22%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 56 (13.69%) DevOps
2 44 (10.76%) ITIL
3 40 (9.78%) Migration
4 35 (8.56%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 34 (8.31%) SIEM
6 31 (7.58%) Network Design
6 31 (7.58%) Problem-Solving
7 30 (7.33%) Agile Software Development
8 27 (6.60%) Load Balancing
8 27 (6.60%) Network Virtualisation
9 26 (6.36%) Infrastructure as Code
9 26 (6.36%) Service Management
10 24 (5.87%) Multi-Factor Authentication
11 23 (5.62%) Dashboard Development
12 21 (5.13%) Continuous Integration
12 21 (5.13%) SOA
13 19 (4.65%) Two-Factor Authentication
13 19 (4.65%) Vulnerability Management
14 17 (4.16%) Change Management
14 17 (4.16%) Patch Management
Programming Languages
1 37 (9.05%) Python
2 32 (7.82%) C
3 30 (7.33%) Bash Shell
4 29 (7.09%) Shell Script
5 23 (5.62%) PowerShell
6 22 (5.38%) SQL
7 18 (4.40%) Java
8 6 (1.47%) Perl
9 5 (1.22%) Ruby
10 4 (0.98%) R
11 3 (0.73%) PHP
12 2 (0.49%) C#
12 2 (0.49%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 110 (26.89%) Security Cleared
2 86 (21.03%) Cisco Certification
3 83 (20.29%) SC Cleared
4 67 (16.38%) CCNP
5 46 (11.25%) CCNA
6 40 (9.78%) DV Cleared
7 24 (5.87%) CCIE
7 24 (5.87%) CISSP
8 20 (4.89%) CCDP
9 17 (4.16%) Degree
9 17 (4.16%) Microsoft Certification
10 11 (2.69%) MCSE
11 10 (2.44%) CCDA
12 7 (1.71%) BPSS Clearance
13 6 (1.47%) CCIE Routing and Switching
14 5 (1.22%) AWS Certification
14 5 (1.22%) Computer Science Degree
15 4 (0.98%) CCIP
15 4 (0.98%) CISM
15 4 (0.98%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (2.44%) COBIT
2 9 (2.20%) PCI DSS
3 8 (1.96%) QA
4 7 (1.71%) GDPR
4 7 (1.71%) NIST
5 6 (1.47%) SLA
6 4 (0.98%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.49%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.24%) JSP 440
8 1 (0.24%) NIST 800
8 1 (0.24%) RMADS
System Software
1 122 (29.83%) Active Directory
2 38 (9.29%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (7.09%) Virtual Machines
4 22 (5.38%) Docker
5 20 (4.89%) VMware ESXi
6 13 (3.18%) VMware NSX
7 10 (2.44%) vSphere
8 9 (2.20%) Hyper-V
9 8 (1.96%) Virtual Desktop
10 4 (0.98%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 4 (0.98%) vCloud
10 4 (0.98%) XenApp
10 4 (0.98%) XenDesktop
11 3 (0.73%) BitLocker
11 3 (0.73%) Firmware
11 3 (0.73%) NFS
11 3 (0.73%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.49%) EMC RecoverPoint
12 2 (0.49%) PowerDNS
12 2 (0.49%) UAG
Systems Management
1 36 (8.80%) Kubernetes
2 33 (8.07%) SCCM
3 29 (7.09%) Terraform
4 22 (5.38%) Single Sign-On
5 21 (5.13%) Ansible
6 14 (3.42%) Microsoft Intune
7 13 (3.18%) Prometheus
8 12 (2.93%) Istio
9 11 (2.69%) Nessus
10 10 (2.44%) FortiGate
11 8 (1.96%) Cisco CUCM
11 8 (1.96%) Cisco Prime
11 8 (1.96%) HAProxy
12 6 (1.47%) Cisco UCCX
13 4 (0.98%) vMotion
13 4 (0.98%) vRealize
14 3 (0.73%) AirWatch
14 3 (0.73%) EMC VPLEX
14 3 (0.73%) QRadar
14 3 (0.73%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 169 (41.32%) Cisco
2 106 (25.92%) Microsoft
3 65 (15.89%) VMware
4 58 (14.18%) Palo Alto
5 56 (13.69%) Oracle
6 55 (13.45%) CheckPoint
7 53 (12.96%) Juniper
8 51 (12.47%) F5
9 35 (8.56%) Citrix
10 31 (7.58%) HP
11 29 (7.09%) Meraki
12 28 (6.85%) SolarWinds
13 26 (6.36%) Fortinet
14 23 (5.62%) Splunk
15 22 (5.38%) Dell
16 15 (3.67%) Red Hat
17 13 (3.18%) SAP
18 12 (2.93%) Avaya
18 12 (2.93%) Blue Coat
18 12 (2.93%) NetApp