Period
to 27 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 27 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 176 195 230
Rank change year-on-year +19 +35 -12
Contract jobs citing VPN 1,080 1,428 1,185
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.51% 1.46% 1.19%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.98% 11.44% 8.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 648 892 763
UK median daily rate £400 £410 £380
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.44% +7.89% -7.88%
10th Percentile £153 £173 £145
90th Percentile £600 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £388 £363
% change year-on-year -3.23% +6.90% -3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 75 80 75
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.25 £17.14
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.45% +0.67% -9.82%
10th Percentile £13.00 £12.25 £12.25
90th Percentile £82.50 £47.50 £35.52
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.25 £15.80 £16.41
% change year-on-year +2.85% -3.69% -2.06%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 9,837 12,483 13,309
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.76% 12.74% 13.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,906 7,533 8,215
UK median daily rate £410 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.53% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £181 £200 £181
90th Percentile £600 £606 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 569 579 684
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £18.75 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% +0.27% -15.48%
10th Percentile £13.38 £12.00 £11.00
90th Percentile £53.00 £48.75 £46.41
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.11 £17.46 £19.00
% change year-on-year +15.18% -8.13% -15.56%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing VPN.

Contractor daily rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 27 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN.

Contractor hourly rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 27 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +22 1,022 £400 -2.44% 437
UK excluding London +26 645 £375 -3.23% 348
London +13 410 £425 - 112
South East +30 220 £400 +7.38% 98
North of England +18 127 £368 -8.41% 91
Midlands +39 110 £356 -25.00% 61
West Midlands +44 80 £369 -22.37% 37
East of England +14 79 £320 -14.67% 44
South West -13 73 £375 -3.23% 31
North West -1 59 £400 -9.86% 44
Yorkshire +30 41 £350 -2.78% 34
East Midlands +14 29 £331 -25.56% 23
North East +31 28 £373 +24.17% 13
Scotland +17 23 £325 - 12
Wales +18 15 £440 +3.53% 9
Northern Ireland +7 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 27 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 509 (47.13%) Firewall
2 489 (45.28%) Cisco
3 450 (41.67%) Windows
4 345 (31.94%) Active Directory
5 318 (29.44%) WAN
6 287 (26.57%) LAN
7 277 (25.65%) Microsoft
8 269 (24.91%) DNS
9 255 (23.61%) TCP/IP
9 255 (23.61%) Azure
10 244 (22.59%) Cisco Certification
11 227 (21.02%) Office 365
12 226 (20.93%) Security Cleared
13 208 (19.26%) BGP
14 198 (18.33%) MPLS
15 191 (17.69%) OSPF
16 185 (17.13%) Microsoft Office
17 180 (16.67%) CCNP
18 177 (16.39%) Juniper
18 177 (16.39%) Linux
19 176 (16.30%) Internet
20 174 (16.11%) Data Centre
21 170 (15.74%) AWS
21 170 (15.74%) VMware
22 165 (15.28%) Windows Server
23 164 (15.19%) ITIL
24 162 (15.00%) SC Cleared
25 158 (14.63%) DHCP
26 154 (14.26%) Wireless
27 146 (13.52%) Migration

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (8.15%) MS Exchange
2 55 (5.09%) SharePoint
3 34 (3.15%) Skype for Business
4 29 (2.69%) Exchange Server 2010
5 22 (2.04%) IIS
6 19 (1.76%) Exchange Server 2003
7 18 (1.67%) Exchange Server 2007
8 16 (1.48%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 15 (1.39%) Exchange Server 2013
10 14 (1.30%) OpenStack
11 12 (1.11%) Confluence
12 10 (0.93%) Elasticsearch
13 6 (0.56%) Apache Spark
13 6 (0.56%) nginx
14 4 (0.37%) Apache
14 4 (0.37%) Tomcat
15 2 (0.19%) Ethereum
15 2 (0.19%) Hyperledger
15 2 (0.19%) IBM Notes
15 2 (0.19%) MQSeries
Applications
1 185 (17.13%) Microsoft Office
2 35 (3.24%) Microsoft Excel
3 33 (3.06%) MS Visio
4 25 (2.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 20 (1.85%) Microsoft Project
6 17 (1.57%) Acrobat
7 14 (1.30%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.093%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.093%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 23 (2.13%) Remedy ITSM
2 6 (0.56%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.19%) assyst
3 2 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.19%) R3 Corda
3 2 (0.19%) RMDS
4 1 (0.093%) Elite 3E
4 1 (0.093%) Magento
4 1 (0.093%) Sage 1000
Cloud Services
1 255 (23.61%) Azure
2 227 (21.02%) Office 365
3 170 (15.74%) AWS
4 98 (9.07%) PaaS
5 92 (8.52%) IaaS
6 87 (8.06%) Azure Active Directory
7 72 (6.67%) SaaS
8 52 (4.81%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 46 (4.26%) Amazon EC2
10 44 (4.07%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 34 (3.15%) Cloud Computing
12 30 (2.78%) AWS CloudFormation
13 27 (2.50%) Serverless
14 24 (2.22%) Amazon S3
15 22 (2.04%) AWS Lambda
16 15 (1.39%) Amazon ECS
16 15 (1.39%) Amazon ELB
17 14 (1.30%) OneDrive
18 13 (1.20%) GitHub
19 12 (1.11%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 509 (47.13%) Firewall
2 318 (29.44%) WAN
3 287 (26.57%) LAN
4 269 (24.91%) DNS
5 255 (23.61%) TCP/IP
6 208 (19.26%) BGP
7 198 (18.33%) MPLS
8 191 (17.69%) OSPF
9 176 (16.30%) Internet
10 158 (14.63%) DHCP
11 154 (14.26%) Wireless
12 142 (13.15%) Network Security
13 118 (10.93%) Cisco ASA
14 117 (10.83%) Cisco Nexus
15 112 (10.37%) IPsec
16 100 (9.26%) VLAN
16 100 (9.26%) VoIP
17 98 (9.07%) Ethernet
18 94 (8.70%) Wi-Fi
19 91 (8.43%) Cisco IOS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (4.35%) SQL Server
2 37 (3.43%) Amazon RDS
3 28 (2.59%) PostgreSQL
4 19 (1.76%) Azure SQL Database
5 16 (1.48%) MySQL
6 8 (0.74%) Apache Cassandra
6 8 (0.74%) Data Warehouse
6 8 (0.74%) NoSQL
6 8 (0.74%) Power BI
7 7 (0.65%) Big Data
7 7 (0.65%) SQL Server 2012
8 6 (0.56%) Apache Hive
8 6 (0.56%) Hadoop
8 6 (0.56%) HBase
8 6 (0.56%) Oracle Reports
8 6 (0.56%) SQL Server 2016
9 5 (0.46%) Amazon Redshift
9 5 (0.46%) MongoDB
9 5 (0.46%) Oracle Database
9 5 (0.46%) SQL Server 2017
Development Applications
1 38 (3.52%) Git (software)
1 38 (3.52%) Jenkins
2 33 (3.06%) JIRA
3 26 (2.41%) Sonatype Nexus
4 24 (2.22%) GitLab
5 13 (1.20%) Team Foundation Server
5 13 (1.20%) Visual Studio Team System
6 11 (1.02%) VSS/SourceSafe
7 10 (0.93%) Subversion
8 9 (0.83%) JMeter
9 8 (0.74%) CircleCI
10 7 (0.65%) Vagrant
11 6 (0.56%) Bitbucket
11 6 (0.56%) Octopus Deploy
11 6 (0.56%) SonarQube
12 5 (0.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 5 (0.46%) Selenium
13 4 (0.37%) Visual Studio
14 2 (0.19%) TeamCity
15 1 (0.093%) Fiddler
General
1 130 (12.04%) Finance
2 71 (6.57%) Telecoms
3 40 (3.70%) Public Sector
4 39 (3.61%) Banking
5 20 (1.85%) Retail
6 19 (1.76%) Investment Banking
7 17 (1.57%) Automotive
8 16 (1.48%) Law
9 15 (1.39%) Front Office
10 8 (0.74%) Legal
10 8 (0.74%) Multimedia
11 7 (0.65%) Financial Institution
11 7 (0.65%) Games
11 7 (0.65%) German Language
12 6 (0.56%) Manufacturing
13 5 (0.46%) Advertising
14 4 (0.37%) Mandarin Language
14 4 (0.37%) Publishing
15 3 (0.28%) Electronics
15 3 (0.28%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 304 (28.15%) Network Engineer
2 104 (9.63%) Analyst
3 90 (8.33%) Support Engineer
4 76 (7.04%) Architect
5 73 (6.76%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 58 (5.37%) Cisco Engineer
7 56 (5.19%) Service Analyst
8 55 (5.09%) DevOps Engineer
9 53 (4.91%) Service Desk Analyst
10 52 (4.81%) Cisco Network Engineer
11 50 (4.63%) Security Engineer
12 49 (4.54%) Desktop Support
13 46 (4.26%) Azure Engineer
14 43 (3.98%) Administrator
15 41 (3.80%) Cloud Engineer
16 38 (3.52%) Senior Network Engineer
17 37 (3.43%) IT Support
18 36 (3.33%) Consultant
19 31 (2.87%) 2nd Line Support
20 30 (2.78%) 1st Line Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (7.50%) Web Services
2 46 (4.26%) 802.1X
3 28 (2.59%) Elastic Stack
3 28 (2.59%) JSON
4 22 (2.04%) SAML
5 21 (1.94%) LDAP
6 8 (0.74%) .NET
6 8 (0.74%) HTML
6 8 (0.74%) Oracle Fusion
6 8 (0.74%) YAML
7 6 (0.56%) LAMP
7 6 (0.56%) REST
8 5 (0.46%) ASP.NET
8 5 (0.46%) FIX Protocol
8 5 (0.46%) OAuth
9 4 (0.37%) .NET Framework
9 4 (0.37%) boto
9 4 (0.37%) Kafka
9 4 (0.37%) Node.js
10 3 (0.28%) Jinja
Miscellaneous
1 174 (16.11%) Data Centre
2 52 (4.81%) Replication
3 47 (4.35%) Blackberry
4 40 (3.70%) Video Conferencing
5 39 (3.61%) PKI
6 36 (3.33%) Analytical Skills
6 36 (3.33%) iPhone
7 33 (3.06%) Smartphone
8 31 (2.87%) Public Cloud
9 28 (2.59%) Hybrid Cloud
9 28 (2.59%) Self-Motivation
10 26 (2.41%) Management Information System
11 21 (1.94%) Cyberthreat
12 19 (1.76%) Clustering
12 19 (1.76%) PDA
13 13 (1.20%) Enterprise Software
14 12 (1.11%) Hedge funds
14 12 (1.11%) iPad
14 12 (1.11%) Linux Command Line
15 11 (1.02%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 450 (41.67%) Windows
2 177 (16.39%) Linux
3 165 (15.28%) Windows Server
4 143 (13.24%) Windows 10
4 143 (13.24%) Windows 7
5 77 (7.13%) Android
6 65 (6.02%) Windows Server 2008
7 50 (4.63%) Windows XP
8 40 (3.70%) Windows Server 2012
9 36 (3.33%) Apple iOS
10 34 (3.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 31 (2.87%) Windows Server 2003
12 27 (2.50%) CentOS
13 26 (2.41%) Ubuntu
14 19 (1.76%) Unix
14 19 (1.76%) Windows 2000
14 19 (1.76%) Windows Vista
15 16 (1.48%) Mac OS
16 10 (0.93%) Mac OS X
17 8 (0.74%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 164 (15.19%) ITIL
2 146 (13.52%) Migration
3 110 (10.19%) DevOps
4 93 (8.61%) Agile Software Development
5 84 (7.78%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 81 (7.50%) Change Management
6 81 (7.50%) Problem-Solving
7 80 (7.41%) Network Design
8 78 (7.22%) Load Balancing
9 56 (5.19%) Disaster Recovery
10 54 (5.00%) Configuration Management
11 53 (4.91%) Network Management
12 50 (4.63%) Information Security
13 48 (4.44%) Project Delivery
13 48 (4.44%) Service Delivery
14 44 (4.07%) High Availability
15 43 (3.98%) SIEM
16 42 (3.89%) ITSM
16 42 (3.89%) Service Management
17 41 (3.80%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 109 (10.09%) PowerShell
2 91 (8.43%) Python
3 79 (7.31%) SQL
4 55 (5.09%) Bash Shell
5 47 (4.35%) Perl
6 33 (3.06%) Ruby
7 20 (1.85%) Java
8 13 (1.20%) C
9 9 (0.83%) JavaScript
10 8 (0.74%) C#
11 5 (0.46%) C++
11 5 (0.46%) Groovy
11 5 (0.46%) Shell Script
12 2 (0.19%) Go
12 2 (0.19%) PL/SQL
12 2 (0.19%) R
12 2 (0.19%) VBA
13 1 (0.093%) Dart
13 1 (0.093%) Embedded C
13 1 (0.093%) VB
Qualifications
1 244 (22.59%) Cisco Certification
2 226 (20.93%) Security Cleared
3 180 (16.67%) CCNP
4 162 (15.00%) SC Cleared
5 118 (10.93%) CCNA
6 59 (5.46%) Degree
7 51 (4.72%) CCIE
8 41 (3.80%) ITIL Certification
9 32 (2.96%) JNCIP
9 32 (2.96%) Microsoft Certification
10 26 (2.41%) DV Cleared
11 25 (2.31%) CISSP
12 23 (2.13%) BPSS Clearance
12 23 (2.13%) CCDP
13 22 (2.04%) AWS Certification
14 20 (1.85%) MCP
15 16 (1.48%) BC Cleared
16 15 (1.39%) CCIP
17 13 (1.20%) CCDA
17 13 (1.20%) JNCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (5.09%) SLA
2 34 (3.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 28 (2.59%) PCI DSS
4 24 (2.22%) QA
5 16 (1.48%) NIST
6 14 (1.30%) GDPR
6 14 (1.30%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 4 (0.37%) BS7799
7 4 (0.37%) PMO
8 3 (0.28%) COBIT
8 3 (0.28%) Cyber Essentials
8 3 (0.28%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 3 (0.28%) Data Quality
8 3 (0.28%) NCSC
9 2 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 2 (0.19%) NIST 800
10 1 (0.093%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.093%) HL7
System Software
1 345 (31.94%) Active Directory
2 118 (10.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 66 (6.11%) Docker
4 47 (4.35%) Virtual Machines
5 42 (3.89%) Hyper-V
6 24 (2.22%) vSphere
7 23 (2.13%) VMware ESXi
8 16 (1.48%) VMware NSX
9 14 (1.30%) Virtual Servers
10 11 (1.02%) VMware Server
11 10 (0.93%) BitLocker
12 8 (0.74%) Firmware
12 8 (0.74%) XenApp
13 7 (0.65%) NFS
13 7 (0.65%) VMFS
14 6 (0.56%) HDFS
14 6 (0.56%) Virtual Desktop
14 6 (0.56%) XenDesktop
15 4 (0.37%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 4 (0.37%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 87 (8.06%) SCCM
2 71 (6.57%) Terraform
3 70 (6.48%) Puppet
4 66 (6.11%) Ansible
5 53 (4.91%) Nagios
6 50 (4.63%) Opscode Chef
7 45 (4.17%) Microsoft Intune
8 39 (3.61%) Single Sign-On
9 34 (3.15%) OpenView
10 31 (2.87%) Cisco Prime
11 30 (2.78%) FortiGate
12 28 (2.59%) Kubernetes
13 24 (2.22%) AirWatch
14 21 (1.94%) OVSD
14 21 (1.94%) WSUS
15 20 (1.85%) Packer
15 20 (1.85%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
15 20 (1.85%) ZABBIX
16 19 (1.76%) ServiceCenter
17 18 (1.67%) Suricata
Vendors
1 489 (45.28%) Cisco
2 277 (25.65%) Microsoft
3 177 (16.39%) Juniper
4 170 (15.74%) VMware
5 114 (10.56%) CheckPoint
6 109 (10.09%) Palo Alto
7 105 (9.72%) Citrix
8 80 (7.41%) F5
9 79 (7.31%) SolarWinds
10 77 (7.13%) HP
11 59 (5.46%) Fortinet
12 49 (4.54%) ServiceNow
13 48 (4.44%) Meraki
14 35 (3.24%) Oracle
14 35 (3.24%) Splunk
15 34 (3.15%) Aruba
16 33 (3.06%) Remedy
17 32 (2.96%) Dell
17 32 (2.96%) McAfee
18 28 (2.59%) Red Hat