Period
to 25 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 25 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
25 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 240 209 181
Rank change year-on-year -31 -28 +21
Contract jobs citing VPN 1,019 527 1,102
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.16% 1.26% 1.54%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.61% 10.10% 11.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 697 303 684
10th Percentile £158 £130 £155
25th Percentile £250 £281 £273
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £473 £425 £400
Median % change year-on-year +11.29% +6.25% -2.44%
75th Percentile £575 £500 £525
90th Percentile £638 £575 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £339 £350 £375
% change year-on-year -3.21% -6.67% -3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 67 32 73
10th Percentile £15.02 £15.27 £12.92
25th Percentile £16.00 £15.49 £13.50
Median hourly rate £19.22 £18.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +6.75% +2.86% +9.38%
75th Percentile £25.50 £20.00 £44.50
90th Percentile £32.37 £25.00 £82.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.83 £19.00 £15.25
% change year-on-year -11.45% +24.59% -3.48%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 9,600 5,219 9,872
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.94% 12.48% 13.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,321 3,327 6,094
10th Percentile £208 £200 £181
25th Percentile £363 £323 £308
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £438 £410
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% +6.71% -3.53%
75th Percentile £600 £538 £515
90th Percentile £695 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.32% -0.06% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 350 267 551
10th Percentile £12.50 £13.07 £13.38
25th Percentile £15.54 £16.24 £16.25
Median hourly rate £22.00 £34.00 £21.50
Median % change year-on-year -35.29% +58.14% +19.44%
75th Percentile £48.20 £50.00 £46.40
90th Percentile £63.05 £59.25 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.51 £31.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -33.84% +55.00% +14.88%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Daily rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 25 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 25 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 25 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -23 881 £450 +5.88% 406
UK excluding London +3 519 £339 -3.21% 308
London -66 357 £525 +10.53% 119
Work from Home -71 214 £550 +16.71% 59
South East -27 135 £419 +4.69% 73
Midlands +8 128 £300 -11.11% 52
North of England -4 114 £323 -2.86% 100
West Midlands -20 66 £300 +2.13% 32
North West -12 65 £225 -35.71% 48
East Midlands +15 61 £325 -18.75% 19
South West -32 57 £375 - 30
East of England -19 45 £275 +59.42% 32
Yorkshire -23 39 £360 +2.71% 35
Scotland -43 31 £220 +2.33% 18
Wales -14 18 £500 +284.62% 1
North East -2 10 £470 +121.18% 17
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 25 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 476 (46.71%) Windows
2 433 (42.49%) Firewall
3 362 (35.53%) Active Directory
4 333 (32.68%) Microsoft
5 331 (32.48%) Cisco
6 316 (31.01%) Azure
7 278 (27.28%) Microsoft 365
8 270 (26.50%) WAN
9 218 (21.39%) LAN
10 217 (21.30%) DNS
11 214 (21.00%) VMware
12 201 (19.73%) AWS
13 195 (19.14%) Windows 10
14 179 (17.57%) Linux
15 163 (16.00%) Social Skills
16 157 (15.41%) DevOps
17 149 (14.62%) Migration
18 140 (13.74%) ITIL
19 135 (13.25%) Microsoft Office
20 133 (13.05%) Cisco Certification
21 132 (12.95%) Terraform
22 128 (12.56%) TCP/IP
22 128 (12.56%) DHCP
23 125 (12.27%) PowerShell
24 124 (12.17%) Data Centre
25 123 (12.07%) BGP
26 122 (11.97%) Wireless
27 121 (11.87%) MPLS
27 121 (11.87%) Windows Server
28 116 (11.38%) VMware Infrastructure

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (5.69%) SharePoint
2 42 (4.12%) MS Exchange
3 26 (2.55%) OpenStack
4 19 (1.86%) Confluence
5 16 (1.57%) WebSphere
6 13 (1.28%) JBoss
7 12 (1.18%) IIS
8 11 (1.08%) Skype for Business
9 9 (0.88%) Apache
9 9 (0.88%) NetWeaver
10 8 (0.79%) Elasticsearch
10 8 (0.79%) Tomcat
11 7 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
11 7 (0.69%) IBM Notes
12 6 (0.59%) Exchange Server 2013
13 5 (0.49%) Apache Spark
14 4 (0.39%) Jupyter
14 4 (0.39%) nginx
15 3 (0.29%) Exchange Server 2010
15 3 (0.29%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 135 (13.25%) Microsoft Office
2 32 (3.14%) Microsoft Excel
3 12 (1.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 12 (1.18%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.69%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 2 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.098%) Acrobat
6 1 (0.098%) FileZilla
6 1 (0.098%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 8 (0.79%) RMDS
2 6 (0.59%) assyst
3 5 (0.49%) Oracle ERP
4 4 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.39%) Primavera
4 4 (0.39%) SAP ERP
5 3 (0.29%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.20%) Elite 3E
6 2 (0.20%) Maximo
6 2 (0.20%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.098%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.098%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.098%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 316 (31.01%) Azure
2 278 (27.28%) Microsoft 365
3 201 (19.73%) AWS
4 84 (8.24%) PaaS
5 80 (7.85%) IaaS
6 72 (7.07%) Azure Active Directory
7 69 (6.77%) SaaS
8 62 (6.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 57 (5.59%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 41 (4.02%) GCP
11 31 (3.04%) OneDrive
12 28 (2.75%) AWS CloudFormation
13 26 (2.55%) Amazon EC2
14 25 (2.45%) Route 53
15 23 (2.26%) Amazon S3
15 23 (2.26%) Serverless
16 22 (2.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 22 (2.16%) AWS Direct Connect
16 22 (2.16%) GitHub
17 21 (2.06%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 433 (42.49%) Firewall
2 270 (26.50%) WAN
3 218 (21.39%) LAN
4 217 (21.30%) DNS
5 128 (12.56%) DHCP
5 128 (12.56%) TCP/IP
6 123 (12.07%) BGP
7 122 (11.97%) Wireless
8 121 (11.87%) MPLS
9 115 (11.29%) Network Security
10 105 (10.30%) IPsec
11 98 (9.62%) OSPF
12 96 (9.42%) Wi-Fi
13 93 (9.13%) SSL
14 83 (8.15%) VLAN
15 75 (7.36%) SD-WAN
16 64 (6.28%) Internet
17 62 (6.08%) Cisco ASA
18 57 (5.59%) VoIP
19 46 (4.51%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (4.71%) SQL Server
2 29 (2.85%) Azure SQL Database
3 20 (1.96%) MySQL
4 18 (1.77%) Amazon RDS
5 14 (1.37%) Relational Database
6 13 (1.28%) DB2
7 10 (0.98%) NoSQL
8 9 (0.88%) SAP HANA
9 8 (0.79%) Oracle Database
10 5 (0.49%) Amazon Athena
10 5 (0.49%) Hadoop
11 4 (0.39%) Apache Hive
11 4 (0.39%) Big Data
11 4 (0.39%) MongoDB
11 4 (0.39%) PostgreSQL
12 3 (0.29%) Amazon Redshift
12 3 (0.29%) Data Lake
12 3 (0.29%) Oracle Reports
13 2 (0.20%) Power BI
13 2 (0.20%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 33 (3.24%) Jenkins
2 26 (2.55%) Git (software)
3 25 (2.45%) JIRA
4 19 (1.86%) GitLab
5 14 (1.37%) Sonatype Nexus
6 12 (1.18%) Maven
7 9 (0.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 8 (0.79%) Bitbucket
8 8 (0.79%) Subversion
8 8 (0.79%) Terragrunt
9 5 (0.49%) Artifactory
9 5 (0.49%) Postman
9 5 (0.49%) SoapUI
9 5 (0.49%) VSS/SourceSafe
10 4 (0.39%) Burp Suite
10 4 (0.39%) GoCD
11 2 (0.20%) Arsenale Dataplane
11 2 (0.20%) Gradle
11 2 (0.20%) SonarQube
11 2 (0.20%) TestRail
General
1 163 (16.00%) Social Skills
2 97 (9.52%) Finance
3 63 (6.18%) Public Sector
4 60 (5.89%) Telecoms
5 45 (4.42%) Analytical Skills
6 25 (2.45%) Banking
7 19 (1.86%) Documentation Skills
7 19 (1.86%) Retail
8 17 (1.67%) Games
9 16 (1.57%) Legal
10 14 (1.37%) Law
11 13 (1.28%) Financial Institution
11 13 (1.28%) French Language
12 11 (1.08%) Billing
13 10 (0.98%) German Language
13 10 (0.98%) Presentation Skills
14 9 (0.88%) Italian Language
15 8 (0.79%) Organisational Skills
16 5 (0.49%) Manufacturing
17 4 (0.39%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 180 (17.66%) Network Engineer
2 137 (13.44%) Architect
3 99 (9.72%) Support Engineer
4 89 (8.73%) Analyst
5 70 (6.87%) Desktop Support
6 60 (5.89%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 56 (5.50%) IT Engineer
8 51 (5.00%) Security Engineer
9 50 (4.91%) Desktop Engineer
10 49 (4.81%) DevOps Engineer
11 47 (4.61%) Cloud Engineer
12 44 (4.32%) Service Analyst
13 43 (4.22%) 2nd Line Support
13 43 (4.22%) Service Desk Analyst
14 42 (4.12%) Azure Engineer
15 40 (3.93%) AWS Engineer
16 39 (3.83%) IT Support
16 39 (3.83%) Security Architect
17 36 (3.53%) Consultant
18 33 (3.24%) Desktop Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 43 (4.22%) OAuth
2 34 (3.34%) OAuth2
3 29 (2.85%) XMPP
4 20 (1.96%) 802.1X
5 19 (1.86%) SAML
6 18 (1.77%) ARM Templates
6 18 (1.77%) LDAP
7 15 (1.47%) XML
8 14 (1.37%) REST
9 13 (1.28%) JSON
9 13 (1.28%) Web Services
10 12 (1.18%) Azure Blueprints
10 12 (1.18%) Middleware
11 11 (1.08%) CSS
12 10 (0.98%) HTML
12 10 (0.98%) SAP Basis
13 9 (0.88%) SOAP
14 8 (0.79%) FIX Protocol
14 8 (0.79%) RESTful
15 7 (0.69%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 124 (12.17%) Data Centre
2 72 (7.07%) PKI
3 52 (5.10%) Public Cloud
4 30 (2.94%) Management Information System
5 27 (2.65%) Hybrid Cloud
6 26 (2.55%) Private Cloud
7 24 (2.36%) Greenfield Project
8 21 (2.06%) NHS
8 21 (2.06%) Self-Motivation
9 18 (1.77%) Cloud Native
10 16 (1.57%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 16 (1.57%) Video Conferencing
11 13 (1.28%) Mobile App
12 12 (1.18%) BYOD
12 12 (1.18%) Data Protection Act
13 11 (1.08%) iPhone
13 11 (1.08%) Replication
14 10 (0.98%) Clustering
14 10 (0.98%) Driving Licence
14 10 (0.98%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 476 (46.71%) Windows
2 195 (19.14%) Windows 10
3 179 (17.57%) Linux
4 121 (11.87%) Windows Server
5 75 (7.36%) Windows 7
6 58 (5.69%) Apple iOS
7 45 (4.42%) Android
8 42 (4.12%) Unix
9 28 (2.75%) Windows Server 2008
9 28 (2.75%) Windows Server 2012
10 27 (2.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 27 (2.65%) Ubuntu
11 26 (2.55%) Windows Server 2019
12 25 (2.45%) Windows Server 2016
13 21 (2.06%) Mac OS
14 14 (1.37%) CentOS
15 11 (1.08%) AIX
16 8 (0.79%) Windows XP
17 7 (0.69%) Windows 8
18 5 (0.49%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 157 (15.41%) DevOps
2 149 (14.62%) Migration
3 140 (13.74%) ITIL
4 98 (9.62%) Problem-Solving
5 89 (8.73%) CI/CD
6 86 (8.44%) Agile Software Development
7 79 (7.75%) Infrastructure as Code
8 74 (7.26%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 64 (6.28%) Service Management
10 58 (5.69%) Cybersecurity
11 57 (5.59%) Network Design
12 54 (5.30%) Change Management
12 54 (5.30%) Load Balancing
13 50 (4.91%) Network Virtualisation
14 48 (4.71%) ITSM
14 48 (4.71%) Vulnerability Management
15 44 (4.32%) Incident Management
16 42 (4.12%) Configuration Management
17 39 (3.83%) Application Security
18 37 (3.63%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 125 (12.27%) PowerShell
2 70 (6.87%) SQL
3 69 (6.77%) Python
4 42 (4.12%) Bash
5 29 (2.85%) Java
6 21 (2.06%) Shell Script
7 19 (1.86%) JavaScript
8 17 (1.67%) C
9 15 (1.47%) VB
9 15 (1.47%) VBScript
10 11 (1.08%) C#
11 9 (0.88%) Perl
11 9 (0.88%) PL/SQL
12 8 (0.79%) Go
12 8 (0.79%) Ruby
13 4 (0.39%) R
14 2 (0.20%) C++
14 2 (0.20%) Rust
15 1 (0.098%) Apex Code
15 1 (0.098%) PHP
Qualifications
1 133 (13.05%) Cisco Certification
2 112 (10.99%) Security Cleared
3 88 (8.64%) SC Cleared
4 69 (6.77%) CCNP
5 65 (6.38%) CCNA
6 48 (4.71%) Degree
7 46 (4.51%) Microsoft Certification
8 36 (3.53%) CCIE
9 29 (2.85%) MCP
10 25 (2.45%) MCSE
11 21 (2.06%) CISSP
12 16 (1.57%) BPSS Clearance
13 15 (1.47%) DV Cleared
14 13 (1.28%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 12 (1.18%) JNCIA
16 11 (1.08%) ITIL Certification
16 11 (1.08%) JNCIS
17 10 (0.98%) CEH
18 9 (0.88%) CCDP
19 8 (0.79%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 89 (8.73%) SLA
2 21 (2.06%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 20 (1.96%) GDPR
3 20 (1.96%) PCI DSS
4 11 (1.08%) NIST
5 9 (0.88%) COBIT
5 9 (0.88%) QA
6 6 (0.59%) Disclosure Scotland
6 6 (0.59%) JSP 440
7 5 (0.49%) NIST 800
8 4 (0.39%) Cyber Essentials
8 4 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 3 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 3 (0.29%) SOC 2
10 2 (0.20%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.20%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.098%) Accessibility
11 1 (0.098%) NCSC
11 1 (0.098%) PMO
11 1 (0.098%) SOC 1
System Software
1 362 (35.53%) Active Directory
2 116 (11.38%) VMware Infrastructure
3 75 (7.36%) Docker
4 36 (3.53%) Virtual Machines
5 29 (2.85%) VMware ESXi
6 27 (2.65%) BitLocker
6 27 (2.65%) VMware Workstation
7 25 (2.45%) Hyper-V
8 24 (2.36%) vSphere
9 21 (2.06%) Virtual Desktop
9 21 (2.06%) VMware NSX
10 20 (1.96%) vCloud
11 9 (0.88%) Virtual Servers
12 7 (0.69%) XenApp
13 6 (0.59%) KVM
13 6 (0.59%) Terminal Services
14 4 (0.39%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
14 4 (0.39%) ProxySG
15 3 (0.29%) NFS
15 3 (0.29%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 132 (12.95%) Terraform
2 100 (9.81%) Kubernetes
2 100 (9.81%) SCCM
3 96 (9.42%) Microsoft Intune
4 80 (7.85%) Ansible
5 34 (3.34%) Active Directory Federation Services
6 26 (2.55%) Prometheus
7 25 (2.45%) Nagios
8 24 (2.36%) FortiGate
9 20 (1.96%) Single Sign-On
10 18 (1.77%) Puppet
11 15 (1.47%) AppManager
12 14 (1.37%) AirWatch
12 14 (1.37%) Istio
13 13 (1.28%) ZABBIX
14 12 (1.18%) Jamf Pro
15 9 (0.88%) Opscode Chef
16 8 (0.79%) BladeLogic
16 8 (0.79%) Grafana
16 8 (0.79%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 333 (32.68%) Microsoft
2 331 (32.48%) Cisco
3 214 (21.00%) VMware
4 109 (10.70%) Citrix
5 85 (8.34%) Palo Alto
6 77 (7.56%) Juniper
7 76 (7.46%) HP
8 65 (6.38%) F5
9 57 (5.59%) Oracle
10 56 (5.50%) ServiceNow
11 55 (5.40%) SolarWinds
12 53 (5.20%) Apple
13 51 (5.00%) Meraki
14 50 (4.91%) Dell
15 42 (4.12%) CheckPoint
16 41 (4.02%) Aruba
17 38 (3.73%) Splunk
18 37 (3.63%) Fortinet
18 37 (3.63%) Veeam
19 33 (3.24%) Red Hat