Period
to 29 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 29 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
29 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 177 179 219
Rank change year-on-year +2 +40 -16
Contract jobs citing VPN 913 1,539 1,257
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.45% 1.58% 1.24%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.62% 12.52% 9.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 557 996 827
Median daily rate £400 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -3.03%
10th Percentile £154 £175 £150
90th Percentile £597 £588 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £388 £350
% change year-on-year -3.23% +10.71% -6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 70 97 83
Median hourly rate £18.25 £17.50 £15.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.29% +16.67% -9.09%
10th Percentile £13.38 £12.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £48.88 £47.50 £33.54
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.50 £16.50 £13.50
% change year-on-year -6.06% +22.22% -12.08%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 8,597 12,296 13,344
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.63% 12.63% 13.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,059 7,509 8,236
Median daily rate £425 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.03% +1.85%
10th Percentile £175 £200 £200
90th Percentile £600 £606 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 518 567 720
Median hourly rate £22.50 £18.06 £19.24
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +24.62% -6.17% -12.08%
10th Percentile £13.38 £12.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £51.86 £48.75 £47.50
Median hourly rate £20.00 £17.25 £19.06
% change year-on-year +15.94% -9.50% -11.35%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Daily rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 29 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 854 £400 -5.88% 345
UK excluding London +13 562 £375 -3.23% 255
London -1 330 £431 -4.17% 113
South East 0 160 £375 +1.35% 73
North of England +20 131 £400 -0.75% 65
Midlands +31 96 £413 -7.30% 33
East of England +28 85 £375 -9.09% 29
West Midlands +43 74 £477 +9.71% 28
North West +2 54 £425 - 36
South West -17 52 £375 +1.35% 32
Yorkshire +47 47 £325 -23.53% 22
Work from Home +19 36 £438 +9.38% 18
North East +27 31 £375 +20.00% 7
Scotland -2 28 £375 -4.76% 18
East Midlands +14 21 £313 -29.78% 4
Wales +19 12 £450 +5.88% 5
Northern Ireland +13 1 - -

For the 6 months to 29 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 417 (45.67%) Firewall
2 405 (44.36%) Windows
3 390 (42.72%) Cisco
4 312 (34.17%) Active Directory
5 272 (29.79%) WAN
6 245 (26.83%) LAN
7 223 (24.42%) Microsoft
8 222 (24.32%) Cisco Certification
9 207 (22.67%) Azure
10 200 (21.91%) DNS
11 197 (21.58%) Office 365
12 196 (21.47%) TCP/IP
13 183 (20.04%) BGP
14 174 (19.06%) OSPF
15 171 (18.73%) MPLS
16 169 (18.51%) CCNP
16 169 (18.51%) Security Cleared
17 165 (18.07%) Microsoft Office
18 160 (17.52%) Juniper
19 153 (16.76%) Windows Server
20 149 (16.32%) Data Centre
21 142 (15.55%) Internet
22 140 (15.33%) AWS
23 136 (14.90%) DHCP
24 135 (14.79%) VMware
25 131 (14.35%) Windows 10
26 130 (14.24%) Linux
27 123 (13.47%) Wireless
27 123 (13.47%) SC Cleared
28 116 (12.71%) Migration

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 87 (9.53%) MS Exchange
2 36 (3.94%) SharePoint
3 31 (3.40%) Skype for Business
4 28 (3.07%) Exchange Server 2003
5 25 (2.74%) Exchange Server 2007
6 23 (2.52%) Exchange Server 2010
7 20 (2.19%) IIS
8 14 (1.53%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 11 (1.20%) Exchange Server 2013
10 10 (1.10%) Elasticsearch
10 10 (1.10%) OpenStack
11 7 (0.77%) Apache
11 7 (0.77%) Tomcat
12 6 (0.66%) nginx
13 5 (0.55%) Apache Spark
13 5 (0.55%) Confluence
13 5 (0.55%) JBoss
14 2 (0.22%) SharePoint 2013
14 2 (0.22%) WebSphere
14 2 (0.22%) WildFly
Applications
1 165 (18.07%) Microsoft Office
2 38 (4.16%) MS Visio
3 36 (3.94%) Microsoft Excel
4 31 (3.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 27 (2.96%) Microsoft Project
6 23 (2.52%) Acrobat
7 15 (1.64%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.11%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 26 (2.85%) Remedy ITSM
2 3 (0.33%) assyst
3 2 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.22%) RMDS
4 1 (0.11%) Actimize
4 1 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.11%) Elite 3E
4 1 (0.11%) Magento
4 1 (0.11%) Sage 1000
4 1 (0.11%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 207 (22.67%) Azure
2 197 (21.58%) Office 365
3 140 (15.33%) AWS
4 76 (8.32%) Azure Active Directory
5 61 (6.68%) PaaS
6 60 (6.57%) IaaS
7 47 (5.15%) Amazon EC2
8 43 (4.71%) SaaS
9 39 (4.27%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 32 (3.50%) AWS CloudFormation
10 32 (3.50%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 25 (2.74%) Cloud Computing
11 25 (2.74%) Serverless
12 24 (2.63%) Amazon S3
13 17 (1.86%) Amazon ELB
13 17 (1.86%) AWS Lambda
14 14 (1.53%) Amazon ECS
15 13 (1.42%) GCP
16 12 (1.31%) Amazon EKS
16 12 (1.31%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 417 (45.67%) Firewall
2 272 (29.79%) WAN
3 245 (26.83%) LAN
4 200 (21.91%) DNS
5 196 (21.47%) TCP/IP
6 183 (20.04%) BGP
7 174 (19.06%) OSPF
8 171 (18.73%) MPLS
9 142 (15.55%) Internet
10 136 (14.90%) DHCP
11 123 (13.47%) Wireless
12 110 (12.05%) Network Security
13 103 (11.28%) Cisco Nexus
14 89 (9.75%) VoIP
15 87 (9.53%) IPsec
16 82 (8.98%) Cisco ASA
17 80 (8.76%) Wi-Fi
18 76 (8.32%) Ethernet
19 75 (8.21%) VLAN
20 74 (8.11%) Cisco IOS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (4.05%) SQL Server
2 32 (3.50%) Amazon RDS
3 25 (2.74%) PostgreSQL
4 16 (1.75%) MySQL
5 15 (1.64%) Azure SQL Database
6 8 (0.88%) NoSQL
7 7 (0.77%) Apache Cassandra
7 7 (0.77%) SQL Server 2012
8 6 (0.66%) MongoDB
8 6 (0.66%) SQL Server 2016
9 5 (0.55%) Apache Hive
9 5 (0.55%) Big Data
9 5 (0.55%) Hadoop
9 5 (0.55%) HBase
9 5 (0.55%) Sqoop
10 4 (0.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 3 (0.33%) Amazon Redshift
11 3 (0.33%) DB2
11 3 (0.33%) Oracle Database
11 3 (0.33%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 27 (2.96%) Git (software)
2 22 (2.41%) Jenkins
3 20 (2.19%) GitLab
3 20 (2.19%) Sonatype Nexus
4 13 (1.42%) JIRA
5 10 (1.10%) Team Foundation Server
5 10 (1.10%) VSS/SourceSafe
6 8 (0.88%) Visual Studio Team System
7 7 (0.77%) Bitbucket
7 7 (0.77%) JMeter
8 6 (0.66%) Octopus Deploy
8 6 (0.66%) SonarQube
8 6 (0.66%) Subversion
9 5 (0.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 5 (0.55%) CircleCI
10 4 (0.44%) Selenium
10 4 (0.44%) Terragrunt
11 3 (0.33%) Maven
12 2 (0.22%) Mocha
13 1 (0.11%) Fiddler
General
1 91 (9.97%) Finance
2 54 (5.91%) Telecoms
3 35 (3.83%) Public Sector
4 33 (3.61%) Banking
5 17 (1.86%) Automotive
6 16 (1.75%) Investment Banking
7 14 (1.53%) Front Office
7 14 (1.53%) Retail
8 11 (1.20%) Law
9 9 (0.99%) Legal
10 5 (0.55%) Manufacturing
10 5 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.33%) Advertising
11 3 (0.33%) Games
11 3 (0.33%) Mandarin Language
11 3 (0.33%) Publishing
12 2 (0.22%) Electronics
12 2 (0.22%) Italian Language
12 2 (0.22%) Marketing
12 2 (0.22%) Military
Job Titles
1 255 (27.93%) Network Engineer
2 110 (12.05%) Analyst
3 65 (7.12%) Support Engineer
4 64 (7.01%) Architect
5 60 (6.57%) Service Analyst
6 55 (6.02%) Service Desk Analyst
7 48 (5.26%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 46 (5.04%) Security Engineer
9 45 (4.93%) DevOps Engineer
10 43 (4.71%) Desktop Support
11 40 (4.38%) Azure Engineer
11 40 (4.38%) Cisco Engineer
12 36 (3.94%) Cisco Network Engineer
13 33 (3.61%) Consultant
14 32 (3.50%) Administrator
14 32 (3.50%) IT Support
15 31 (3.40%) Senior Network Engineer
16 30 (3.29%) Network Security Engineer
17 28 (3.07%) 1st Line Support
18 27 (2.96%) 2nd Line Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (3.94%) Web Services
2 33 (3.61%) 802.1X
3 27 (2.96%) Elastic Stack
4 22 (2.41%) SAML
5 18 (1.97%) LDAP
6 9 (0.99%) YAML
7 8 (0.88%) .NET
7 8 (0.88%) JSON
7 8 (0.88%) REST
7 8 (0.88%) XML
8 7 (0.77%) HTML
9 5 (0.55%) FIX Protocol
9 5 (0.55%) Jinja
9 5 (0.55%) OAuth
9 5 (0.55%) RESTful
10 4 (0.44%) Ajax
10 4 (0.44%) LAMP
10 4 (0.44%) Middleware
11 3 (0.33%) EJB
11 3 (0.33%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 149 (16.32%) Data Centre
2 48 (5.26%) Blackberry
3 42 (4.60%) Analytical Skills
4 34 (3.72%) iPhone
5 31 (3.40%) Management Information System
5 31 (3.40%) PKI
5 31 (3.40%) Video Conferencing
6 26 (2.85%) Replication
7 24 (2.63%) PDA
8 22 (2.41%) Clustering
9 19 (2.08%) Public Cloud
10 18 (1.97%) Smartphone
11 16 (1.75%) Hybrid Cloud
12 15 (1.64%) Self-Motivation
13 13 (1.42%) Driving Licence
14 12 (1.31%) Cyberthreat
14 12 (1.31%) iPad
14 12 (1.31%) Mobile App
15 10 (1.10%) Fibre Optics
16 9 (0.99%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 405 (44.36%) Windows
2 153 (16.76%) Windows Server
3 131 (14.35%) Windows 10
4 130 (14.24%) Linux
5 111 (12.16%) Windows 7
6 73 (8.00%) Android
7 63 (6.90%) Windows Server 2008
8 57 (6.24%) Windows XP
9 35 (3.83%) Apple iOS
10 34 (3.72%) Windows Server 2016
11 32 (3.50%) Windows Server 2003
12 29 (3.18%) Windows Server 2012
13 25 (2.74%) Windows 2000
13 25 (2.74%) Windows Vista
14 24 (2.63%) Unix
15 16 (1.75%) Ubuntu
16 15 (1.64%) Mac OS
17 13 (1.42%) Windows Mobile
18 12 (1.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
19 10 (1.10%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 116 (12.71%) Migration
2 112 (12.27%) ITIL
3 99 (10.84%) DevOps
4 85 (9.31%) Problem-Solving
5 75 (8.21%) Agile Software Development
6 72 (7.89%) Load Balancing
7 71 (7.78%) Change Management
8 70 (7.67%) Network Design
9 66 (7.23%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 46 (5.04%) Cybersecurity
11 43 (4.71%) Configuration Management
12 41 (4.49%) Service Delivery
13 40 (4.38%) Incident Management
14 37 (4.05%) ITSM
15 34 (3.72%) Network Management
16 33 (3.61%) Project Management
17 31 (3.40%) Service Management
18 30 (3.29%) Information Security
19 29 (3.18%) Disaster Recovery
20 28 (3.07%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 84 (9.20%) Python
2 72 (7.89%) PowerShell
3 57 (6.24%) SQL
4 47 (5.15%) Bash Shell
5 26 (2.85%) Java
6 25 (2.74%) Perl
7 13 (1.42%) Ruby
8 10 (1.10%) C
9 8 (0.88%) C#
9 8 (0.88%) JavaScript
10 7 (0.77%) Shell Script
11 3 (0.33%) PL/SQL
11 3 (0.33%) VBScript
12 2 (0.22%) Go
12 2 (0.22%) VBA
13 1 (0.11%) Dart
13 1 (0.11%) T-SQL
13 1 (0.11%) VB
Qualifications
1 222 (24.32%) Cisco Certification
2 169 (18.51%) CCNP
2 169 (18.51%) Security Cleared
3 123 (13.47%) SC Cleared
4 107 (11.72%) CCNA
5 53 (5.81%) Degree
6 47 (5.15%) CCIE
7 35 (3.83%) DV Cleared
8 31 (3.40%) JNCIP
9 28 (3.07%) ITIL Certification
10 24 (2.63%) CCDP
11 23 (2.52%) Microsoft Certification
12 20 (2.19%) CISSP
13 19 (2.08%) BPSS Clearance
14 16 (1.75%) BC Cleared
14 16 (1.75%) JNCIS
15 15 (1.64%) JNCIA
15 15 (1.64%) MCP
16 13 (1.42%) CCIP
17 11 (1.20%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (4.05%) SLA
2 18 (1.97%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 16 (1.75%) QA
4 10 (1.10%) GDPR
5 9 (0.99%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.44%) BS7799
6 4 (0.44%) NIST
6 4 (0.44%) PMO
7 3 (0.33%) Cyber Essentials
7 3 (0.33%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 3 (0.33%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.33%) NIST 800
8 2 (0.22%) COBIT
8 2 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.11%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.11%) JSP 440
9 1 (0.11%) RMADS
9 1 (0.11%) SEPA
9 1 (0.11%) TARGET2
System Software
1 312 (34.17%) Active Directory
2 98 (10.73%) VMware Infrastructure
3 56 (6.13%) Docker
4 45 (4.93%) Virtual Machines
5 43 (4.71%) Hyper-V
6 19 (2.08%) VMware ESXi
7 16 (1.75%) vSphere
8 14 (1.53%) XenApp
9 13 (1.42%) VMware NSX
10 9 (0.99%) Virtual Servers
10 9 (0.99%) XenDesktop
11 6 (0.66%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 6 (0.66%) VMware Server
12 5 (0.55%) HDFS
12 5 (0.55%) NFS
12 5 (0.55%) Terminal Services
12 5 (0.55%) VMFS
13 4 (0.44%) BitLocker
13 4 (0.44%) Virtual Desktop
14 3 (0.33%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 65 (7.12%) SCCM
2 60 (6.57%) Puppet
3 56 (6.13%) Ansible
4 55 (6.02%) Terraform
5 40 (4.38%) OpenView
6 39 (4.27%) Opscode Chef
7 38 (4.16%) Microsoft Intune
8 37 (4.05%) Nagios
9 34 (3.72%) Single Sign-On
10 31 (3.40%) Kubernetes
11 30 (3.29%) OVSD
12 27 (2.96%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
13 26 (2.85%) FortiGate
13 26 (2.85%) ServiceCenter
14 20 (2.19%) AirWatch
14 20 (2.19%) Cisco Prime
14 20 (2.19%) ZABBIX
15 16 (1.75%) Network Intrusion Detection System
15 16 (1.75%) Statseeker
16 15 (1.64%) Host Intrusion Detection System
Vendors
1 390 (42.72%) Cisco
2 223 (24.42%) Microsoft
3 160 (17.52%) Juniper
4 135 (14.79%) VMware
5 98 (10.73%) Citrix
6 88 (9.64%) HP
7 86 (9.42%) CheckPoint
8 78 (8.54%) F5
9 73 (8.00%) Palo Alto
10 59 (6.46%) SolarWinds
11 53 (5.81%) Fortinet
12 34 (3.72%) Dell
12 34 (3.72%) ServiceNow
13 32 (3.50%) Meraki
13 32 (3.50%) Oracle
13 32 (3.50%) Remedy
14 31 (3.40%) Adobe
15 30 (3.29%) Google
16 28 (3.07%) Bomgar
17 25 (2.74%) Peregrine