Period
to 21 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 21 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 195 228 213
Rank change year-on-year +33 -15 -1
Contract jobs citing VPN 1,428 1,165 1,207
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.45% 1.18% 1.26%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 11.29% 8.82% 8.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 890 758 729
UK median daily rate £413 £380 £419
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.55% -9.20% +6.29%
10th Percentile £175 £145 £195
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £363 £375
% change year-on-year +6.90% -3.33% +3.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 83 75 71
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.14 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.13% -9.82% +8.57%
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £47.50 £35.52 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £16.41 £17.00
% change year-on-year -2.47% -3.50% -2.86%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 12,650 13,213 14,425
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.80% 13.38% 15.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,628 8,170 8,788
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - -
10th Percentile £200 £181 £213
90th Percentile £608 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 598 674 745
UK median hourly rate £18.73 £18.70 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.13% -16.89% +2.27%
10th Percentile £12.00 £10.88 £11.47
90th Percentile £48.75 £45.25 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £19.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -7.89% -15.56% +5.88%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing VPN.

Contractor daily rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN.

Contractor hourly rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +39 1,352 £413 +3.13% 396
UK excluding London +26 814 £388 +6.90% 289
London +33 599 £425 +3.03% 127
South East +5 266 £370 +12.12% 96
North of England +41 172 £406 +16.07% 68
Midlands -3 119 £479 +14.81% 33
East of England +44 101 £351 +9.53% 32
South West +11 101 £388 -6.63% 40
North West +31 92 £448 +31.62% 33
West Midlands -42 73 £475 +13.77% 22
Yorkshire +11 60 £360 -24.21% 33
East Midlands +28 42 £445 +20.27% 11
Scotland -18 32 £325 -5.45% 12
Wales -2 27 £425 +21.43% 8
North East +7 20 £300 -19.19% 2
Northern Ireland - 4 £425 -

For the 6 months to 21 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 718 (50.28%) Firewall
2 575 (40.27%) Windows
3 525 (36.76%) Cisco
4 415 (29.06%) WAN
5 394 (27.59%) Active Directory
6 391 (27.38%) Microsoft
7 389 (27.24%) LAN
8 368 (25.77%) DNS
9 343 (24.02%) TCP/IP
9 343 (24.02%) Microsoft Azure
10 323 (22.62%) Amazon AWS
11 322 (22.55%) Cisco Certification
12 287 (20.10%) Linux
13 272 (19.05%) VMware
14 258 (18.07%) Security Cleared
15 249 (17.44%) BGP
16 247 (17.30%) MPLS
17 236 (16.53%) OSPF
17 236 (16.53%) CCNP
18 235 (16.46%) ITIL
19 226 (15.83%) Wireless
20 220 (15.41%) Office 365
21 212 (14.85%) Network Security
22 202 (14.15%) DevOps
22 202 (14.15%) Data Centre
23 199 (13.94%) SC Cleared
24 197 (13.80%) CheckPoint
25 185 (12.96%) Finance
26 181 (12.68%) DHCP
27 177 (12.39%) Cisco ASA

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (6.58%) MS Exchange
2 49 (3.43%) Skype for Business
3 40 (2.80%) SharePoint
4 38 (2.66%) IIS
5 36 (2.52%) Confluence
6 29 (2.03%) Exchange Server 2013
7 24 (1.68%) OpenStack
8 21 (1.47%) Exchange Server 2010
9 19 (1.33%) Apache
9 19 (1.33%) nginx
10 15 (1.05%) Apache Spark
11 14 (0.98%) Elasticsearch
12 12 (0.84%) WebSphere
13 11 (0.77%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
13 11 (0.77%) Tomcat
14 9 (0.63%) CMS
15 6 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 5 (0.35%) IBM Notes
17 4 (0.28%) Exchange Server 2003
18 3 (0.21%) MS Project Server
Applications
1 174 (12.18%) Microsoft Office
2 35 (2.45%) Microsoft Excel
3 22 (1.54%) MS Visio
4 17 (1.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.070%) HipChat
7 1 (0.070%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 4 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.21%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.070%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.070%) Eikon
3 1 (0.070%) Sage 200
3 1 (0.070%) Sage 50
3 1 (0.070%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 343 (24.02%) Microsoft Azure
2 323 (22.62%) Amazon AWS
3 220 (15.41%) Office 365
4 117 (8.19%) IaaS
5 102 (7.14%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 101 (7.07%) PaaS
7 95 (6.65%) SaaS
8 58 (4.06%) Azure Active Directory
9 53 (3.71%) Google Cloud Platform
10 47 (3.29%) Amazon S3
11 41 (2.87%) Amazon EC2
12 40 (2.80%) Datadog
13 36 (2.52%) AWS CloudFormation
14 33 (2.31%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 31 (2.17%) Amazon ELB
16 29 (2.03%) Cloud Computing
16 29 (2.03%) Serverless
17 28 (1.96%) AWS Lambda
18 22 (1.54%) Route 53
19 17 (1.19%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 718 (50.28%) Firewall
2 415 (29.06%) WAN
3 389 (27.24%) LAN
4 368 (25.77%) DNS
5 343 (24.02%) TCP/IP
6 249 (17.44%) BGP
7 247 (17.30%) MPLS
8 236 (16.53%) OSPF
9 226 (15.83%) Wireless
10 212 (14.85%) Network Security
11 181 (12.68%) DHCP
12 177 (12.39%) Cisco ASA
13 150 (10.50%) Internet
14 149 (10.43%) Cisco Nexus
15 146 (10.22%) VoIP
16 144 (10.08%) IPsec
17 141 (9.87%) SSL
18 117 (8.19%) VLAN
19 88 (6.16%) EIGRP
20 85 (5.95%) Cisco IOS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 86 (6.02%) SQL Server
2 38 (2.66%) Azure SQL Database
3 37 (2.59%) Amazon RDS
4 32 (2.24%) PostgreSQL
5 31 (2.17%) Relational Database
6 28 (1.96%) Big Data
7 27 (1.89%) Hadoop
7 27 (1.89%) MySQL
8 24 (1.68%) Amazon Redshift
9 20 (1.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 17 (1.19%) HBase
11 15 (1.05%) Amazon Aurora
11 15 (1.05%) Apache Hive
12 13 (0.91%) MongoDB
12 13 (0.91%) NoSQL
12 13 (0.91%) Redis
12 13 (0.91%) SQL Server 2012
13 10 (0.70%) Apache Cassandra
13 10 (0.70%) Sqoop
14 9 (0.63%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 116 (8.12%) Jenkins
2 61 (4.27%) Git (software)
3 42 (2.94%) JIRA
4 37 (2.59%) Sonatype Nexus
5 17 (1.19%) Octopus Deploy
6 16 (1.12%) GitLab
7 13 (0.91%) Burp Suite
7 13 (0.91%) Metasploit
8 12 (0.84%) Selenium
8 12 (0.84%) SoapUI
9 11 (0.77%) Cucumber
9 11 (0.77%) MSI
9 11 (0.77%) Visual Studio Team System
9 11 (0.77%) WebDriver
10 8 (0.56%) Team Foundation Server
11 7 (0.49%) Maven
12 6 (0.42%) Artifactory
12 6 (0.42%) Bitbucket
12 6 (0.42%) CircleCI
12 6 (0.42%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 185 (12.96%) Finance
2 103 (7.21%) Telecoms
3 54 (3.78%) Retail
4 48 (3.36%) Law
5 42 (2.94%) Banking
6 34 (2.38%) Legal
7 31 (2.17%) Manufacturing
8 20 (1.40%) Financial Institution
9 14 (0.98%) Billing
9 14 (0.98%) Electronics
10 11 (0.77%) Marketing
11 10 (0.70%) Back Office
11 10 (0.70%) Investment Banking
12 8 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
13 7 (0.49%) Advertising
14 5 (0.35%) Automotive
15 4 (0.28%) Games
15 4 (0.28%) Spanish Language
16 3 (0.21%) Aerospace
16 3 (0.21%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 302 (21.15%) Network Engineer
2 176 (12.32%) Architect
3 175 (12.25%) Analyst
4 100 (7.00%) DevOps Engineer
5 93 (6.51%) Support Engineer
6 79 (5.53%) Security Engineer
7 77 (5.39%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 74 (5.18%) Service Analyst
9 73 (5.11%) Consultant
9 73 (5.11%) Service Desk Analyst
10 60 (4.20%) Network Architect
11 59 (4.13%) Cisco Engineer
12 58 (4.06%) Cloud Engineer
13 54 (3.78%) AWS Engineer
14 53 (3.71%) Cisco Network Engineer
15 52 (3.64%) IT Support
16 47 (3.29%) Azure Engineer
16 47 (3.29%) Desktop Support
17 44 (3.08%) Senior Network Engineer
18 43 (3.01%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 78 (5.46%) Web Services
2 66 (4.62%) 802.1X
3 53 (3.71%) JSON
4 33 (2.31%) REST
5 28 (1.96%) LDAP
6 27 (1.89%) SAML
7 25 (1.75%) Elastic Stack
8 22 (1.54%) OAuth
9 20 (1.40%) XML
10 19 (1.33%) Middleware
11 17 (1.19%) SOAP
12 14 (0.98%) LAMP
12 14 (0.98%) Node.js
13 12 (0.84%) OpenID
14 11 (0.77%) .NET
14 11 (0.77%) Spring
15 10 (0.70%) HTML
16 8 (0.56%) Kafka
17 7 (0.49%) RESTful
18 6 (0.42%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 202 (14.15%) Data Centre
2 78 (5.46%) Public Cloud
3 66 (4.62%) Analytical Skills
4 57 (3.99%) Management Information System
5 43 (3.01%) PKI
6 41 (2.87%) Replication
6 41 (2.87%) Self-Motivation
7 40 (2.80%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 39 (2.73%) Private Cloud
9 33 (2.31%) Blackberry
10 31 (2.17%) Cyberthreat
11 26 (1.82%) Smartphone
12 22 (1.54%) Microsoft Licensing
12 22 (1.54%) Mobile App
13 19 (1.33%) Wiki
14 18 (1.26%) iPhone
15 17 (1.19%) Linux Command Line
16 16 (1.12%) Client/Server
16 16 (1.12%) Hybrid Cloud
16 16 (1.12%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 575 (40.27%) Windows
2 287 (20.10%) Linux
3 176 (12.32%) Windows Server
4 168 (11.76%) Windows 10
5 129 (9.03%) Windows 7
6 80 (5.60%) Windows Server 2012
7 77 (5.39%) Android
8 74 (5.18%) Unix
9 70 (4.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 64 (4.48%) Windows Server 2008
11 44 (3.08%) Apple iOS
12 31 (2.17%) Windows XP
13 26 (1.82%) Ubuntu
14 23 (1.61%) Windows Server 2003
15 18 (1.26%) CentOS
16 15 (1.05%) Mac OS
17 13 (0.91%) Kali Linux
17 13 (0.91%) Windows 8
18 12 (0.84%) Check Point GAiA
18 12 (0.84%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 235 (16.46%) ITIL
2 202 (14.15%) DevOps
3 165 (11.55%) Load Balancing
4 117 (8.19%) Agile Software Development
5 108 (7.56%) Problem-Solving
6 93 (6.51%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 92 (6.44%) Information Security
7 92 (6.44%) Migration
8 87 (6.09%) Service Management
9 82 (5.74%) Network Design
10 80 (5.60%) Configuration Management
11 79 (5.53%) Service Delivery
12 70 (4.90%) Network Architecture
13 67 (4.69%) Network Monitoring
14 65 (4.55%) SIEM
15 64 (4.48%) Disaster Recovery
16 62 (4.34%) Open Source
17 58 (4.06%) Change Management
17 58 (4.06%) Project Management
18 57 (3.99%) Kalman Filter
Programming Languages
1 152 (10.64%) PowerShell
2 115 (8.05%) SQL
3 103 (7.21%) Python
4 83 (5.81%) Bash Shell
5 58 (4.06%) Java
6 42 (2.94%) Ruby
7 35 (2.45%) Perl
8 31 (2.17%) C
9 24 (1.68%) JavaScript
10 13 (0.91%) C#
10 13 (0.91%) Groovy
10 13 (0.91%) Lua
10 13 (0.91%) Shell Script
11 7 (0.49%) Go
11 7 (0.49%) Scala
11 7 (0.49%) VBA
12 4 (0.28%) PHP
12 4 (0.28%) R
12 4 (0.28%) VB
13 3 (0.21%) sed
Qualifications
1 322 (22.55%) Cisco Certification
2 258 (18.07%) Security Cleared
3 236 (16.53%) CCNP
4 199 (13.94%) SC Cleared
5 130 (9.10%) CCNA
6 92 (6.44%) Degree
7 77 (5.39%) CCIE
8 68 (4.76%) Microsoft Certification
9 54 (3.78%) CISSP
10 43 (3.01%) DV Cleared
11 42 (2.94%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 38 (2.66%) MCSE
13 34 (2.38%) CISM
14 33 (2.31%) RHCE
15 25 (1.75%) CCDP
16 24 (1.68%) CISA
17 23 (1.61%) BPSS Clearance
17 23 (1.61%) ISSMP
18 22 (1.54%) JNCIS
18 22 (1.54%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 85 (5.95%) SLA
2 57 (3.99%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 46 (3.22%) PCI DSS
4 27 (1.89%) HIPAA
5 25 (1.75%) FedRAMP
6 21 (1.47%) GDPR
7 18 (1.26%) QA
8 13 (0.91%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 11 (0.77%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 7 (0.49%) Data Quality
10 7 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
11 6 (0.42%) RMADS
12 5 (0.35%) JSP 440
12 5 (0.35%) PMO
13 3 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
14 2 (0.14%) COBIT
14 2 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 2 (0.14%) Government Security Classifications
14 2 (0.14%) NIST 800
15 1 (0.070%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 394 (27.59%) Active Directory
2 155 (10.85%) VMware Infrastructure
3 96 (6.72%) Docker
4 71 (4.97%) Hyper-V
5 41 (2.87%) Virtual Machines
5 41 (2.87%) vSphere
6 30 (2.10%) VMware ESXi
7 26 (1.82%) XenApp
8 20 (1.40%) Virtual Servers
8 20 (1.40%) XenDesktop
9 19 (1.33%) Virtual Desktop
10 18 (1.26%) NFS
11 17 (1.19%) Firmware
12 16 (1.12%) ProxySG
12 16 (1.12%) Terminal Services
12 16 (1.12%) VMware NSX
13 15 (1.05%) BitLocker
13 15 (1.05%) Microsoft App-V
14 12 (0.84%) HDFS
14 12 (0.84%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 115 (8.05%) SCCM
2 103 (7.21%) Ansible
3 67 (4.69%) Kubernetes
4 63 (4.41%) Opscode Chef
4 63 (4.41%) Puppet
5 62 (4.34%) Terraform
6 35 (2.45%) Microsoft Intune
7 32 (2.24%) Nagios
8 30 (2.10%) FortiGate
9 25 (1.75%) Single Sign-On
10 24 (1.68%) AirWatch
11 18 (1.26%) Backup Exec
12 17 (1.19%) Cisco Prime
12 17 (1.19%) WSUS
13 15 (1.05%) Hadoop YARN
13 15 (1.05%) Istio
13 15 (1.05%) Nessus
13 15 (1.05%) SCOM
14 13 (0.91%) Ambari
14 13 (0.91%) Nmap
Vendors
1 525 (36.76%) Cisco
2 391 (27.38%) Microsoft
3 272 (19.05%) VMware
4 197 (13.80%) CheckPoint
5 170 (11.90%) Citrix
6 149 (10.43%) Juniper
7 98 (6.86%) F5
7 98 (6.86%) HP
8 94 (6.58%) SolarWinds
9 83 (5.81%) Oracle
10 78 (5.46%) Palo Alto
11 71 (4.97%) Red Hat
12 70 (4.90%) Splunk
13 63 (4.41%) Google
14 59 (4.13%) Fortinet
14 59 (4.13%) McAfee
15 49 (3.43%) Qualys
16 48 (3.36%) Avaya
17 46 (3.22%) Apple
17 46 (3.22%) Aruba