Period
to 24 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 192 226 216
Rank change year-on-year +34 -10 0
Contract jobs citing VPN 1,336 1,258 1,112
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.47% 1.25% 1.21%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 11.63% 9.43% 8.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 850 758 662
UK median daily rate £425 £413 £393
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +5.10% +4.67%
10th Percentile £175 £154 £153
90th Percentile £600 £600 £556
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £400 £375
% change year-on-year -6.25% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 74 99 104
UK median hourly rate £17.78 £14.60 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.76% -18.89% -5.26%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.50 £35.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £13.50 £13.87
% change year-on-year +29.63% -2.67% -17.64%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 11,489 13,338 12,713
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.64% 13.30% 13.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,064 8,204 7,703
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £408
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.29% +1.88%
10th Percentile £203 £205 £207
90th Percentile £610 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £391 £385
% change year-on-year +5.63% +1.44% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 552 734 748
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £19.06 £19.90
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.18% -4.22% -23.46%
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.50 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.72 £19.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -1.46% - -29.76%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing VPN.

Contractor daily rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN.

Contractor hourly rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +32 1,249 £425 - 98
UK excluding London +28 756 £375 -6.25% 77
London +36 557 £475 +8.57% 27
South East +45 295 £375 -11.76% 27
North of England +43 142 £406 -4.41% 20
Midlands -17 95 £388 -8.82% 10
North West +31 83 £425 - 8
South West +10 80 £325 -29.73% 7
East of England -6 79 £413 +13.79% 7
West Midlands -30 63 £390 -19.50% 6
Scotland +30 49 £375 +57.89% 4
Yorkshire +13 41 £425 -1.45% 12
East Midlands +14 32 £375 +19.05% 4
North East +20 18 £325 -48.00%
Wales -2 18 £425 +22.30% 2

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 694 (51.95%) Firewall
2 528 (39.52%) Cisco
3 469 (35.10%) Windows
4 434 (32.49%) WAN
5 383 (28.67%) Active Directory
6 369 (27.62%) LAN
7 327 (24.48%) Cisco Certification
8 307 (22.98%) Microsoft
9 300 (22.46%) DNS
10 293 (21.93%) TCP/IP
11 268 (20.06%) Amazon AWS
12 254 (19.01%) Microsoft Azure
13 241 (18.04%) Security Cleared
14 229 (17.14%) Linux
15 224 (16.77%) MPLS
16 223 (16.69%) BGP
17 220 (16.47%) Office 365
18 219 (16.39%) Data Centre
19 217 (16.24%) SC Cleared
20 208 (15.57%) OSPF
21 204 (15.27%) DHCP
22 202 (15.12%) CCNP
23 197 (14.75%) VMware
24 193 (14.45%) CheckPoint
25 188 (14.07%) Wireless
26 183 (13.70%) ITIL
27 174 (13.02%) DevOps
28 170 (12.72%) Network Security
29 168 (12.57%) VLAN
30 161 (12.05%) CCNA

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 95 (7.11%) MS Exchange
2 69 (5.16%) SharePoint
3 42 (3.14%) Exchange Server 2010
3 42 (3.14%) Skype for Business
4 41 (3.07%) Confluence
4 41 (3.07%) nginx
5 26 (1.95%) IIS
6 14 (1.05%) OpenStack
7 13 (0.97%) Apache
8 9 (0.67%) Exchange Server 2003
9 8 (0.60%) Elasticsearch
9 8 (0.60%) Exchange Server 2013
10 7 (0.52%) Exchange Server 2007
11 6 (0.45%) Tomcat
12 5 (0.37%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
12 5 (0.37%) SharePoint 2013
13 4 (0.30%) IBM Notes
14 3 (0.22%) WebSphere
15 2 (0.15%) EPiServer
15 2 (0.15%) MS Project Server
Applications
1 149 (11.15%) Microsoft Office
2 29 (2.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 29 (2.17%) MS Visio
3 23 (1.72%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.52%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.15%) Acrobat
Business Applications
1 6 (0.45%) Remedy ITSM
2 5 (0.37%) assyst
3 4 (0.30%) Eikon
4 2 (0.15%) BigMachines
4 2 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.075%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 268 (20.06%) Amazon AWS
2 254 (19.01%) Microsoft Azure
3 220 (16.47%) Office 365
4 84 (6.29%) Virtual Private Cloud
5 64 (4.79%) Azure ExpressRoute
6 62 (4.64%) PaaS
7 59 (4.42%) AWS CloudFormation
8 53 (3.97%) Azure Active Directory
9 48 (3.59%) IaaS
10 44 (3.29%) Serverless
11 42 (3.14%) Google Cloud Platform
12 40 (2.99%) SaaS
13 38 (2.84%) Amazon EC2
14 35 (2.62%) Amazon S3
15 34 (2.54%) Amazon ELB
16 30 (2.25%) AWS Lambda
17 29 (2.17%) Amazon ECS
18 26 (1.95%) Cloud Computing
19 25 (1.87%) Datadog
20 20 (1.50%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 694 (51.95%) Firewall
2 434 (32.49%) WAN
3 369 (27.62%) LAN
4 300 (22.46%) DNS
5 293 (21.93%) TCP/IP
6 224 (16.77%) MPLS
7 223 (16.69%) BGP
8 208 (15.57%) OSPF
9 204 (15.27%) DHCP
10 188 (14.07%) Wireless
11 170 (12.72%) Network Security
12 168 (12.57%) VLAN
13 153 (11.45%) IPsec
14 139 (10.40%) Cisco ASA
15 134 (10.03%) VoIP
16 129 (9.66%) Internet
17 127 (9.51%) Cisco Nexus
18 99 (7.41%) SSL
19 86 (6.44%) EIGRP
20 85 (6.36%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 68 (5.09%) SQL Server
2 28 (2.10%) Amazon RDS
3 16 (1.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 16 (1.20%) MySQL
4 13 (0.97%) Cosmos DB
5 12 (0.90%) Azure SQL Database
6 8 (0.60%) Big Data
6 8 (0.60%) Hadoop
6 8 (0.60%) Relational Database
7 7 (0.52%) Oracle Database
8 6 (0.45%) MongoDB
9 5 (0.37%) Data Warehouse
10 4 (0.30%) NoSQL
11 3 (0.22%) MS Access
11 3 (0.22%) PostgreSQL
12 2 (0.15%) Oracle Reports
12 2 (0.15%) RDBMS
12 2 (0.15%) Redis
12 2 (0.15%) SQL Server 2000
12 2 (0.15%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 62 (4.64%) Git (software)
2 57 (4.27%) Jenkins
3 56 (4.19%) JIRA
4 24 (1.80%) Sonatype Nexus
5 13 (0.97%) MSI
6 11 (0.82%) SonarQube
7 10 (0.75%) Vagrant
8 9 (0.67%) Artifactory
8 9 (0.67%) VSS/SourceSafe
9 8 (0.60%) Team Foundation Server
9 8 (0.60%) Visual Studio
10 7 (0.52%) Bitbucket
10 7 (0.52%) GitLab
10 7 (0.52%) Maven
11 6 (0.45%) TeamCity
12 5 (0.37%) Hudson
12 5 (0.37%) Subversion
13 3 (0.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 2 (0.15%) Rational DOORS
14 2 (0.15%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 151 (11.30%) Finance
2 121 (9.06%) Telecoms
3 37 (2.77%) Banking
4 32 (2.40%) Law
5 21 (1.57%) Legal
6 18 (1.35%) French Language
6 18 (1.35%) German Language
7 17 (1.27%) Retail
8 14 (1.05%) Marketing
9 13 (0.97%) Manufacturing
10 12 (0.90%) Billing
10 12 (0.90%) Financial Institution
11 11 (0.82%) Investment Banking
12 9 (0.67%) Electronics
13 7 (0.52%) Back Office
14 6 (0.45%) Publishing
15 4 (0.30%) Military
15 4 (0.30%) Multimedia
15 4 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
16 3 (0.22%) Games
Job Titles
1 346 (25.90%) Network Engineer
2 159 (11.90%) Architect
3 113 (8.46%) Support Engineer
4 107 (8.01%) Analyst
5 101 (7.56%) DevOps Engineer
6 83 (6.21%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 61 (4.57%) Consultant
8 59 (4.42%) Network Architect
8 59 (4.42%) Security Engineer
9 57 (4.27%) Cisco Engineer
10 56 (4.19%) AWS Engineer
10 56 (4.19%) Desktop Support
11 50 (3.74%) Senior Network Engineer
12 48 (3.59%) Cisco Network Engineer
13 46 (3.44%) Cloud Engineer
14 45 (3.37%) Security Architect
15 40 (2.99%) Administrator
15 40 (2.99%) IT Support
16 38 (2.84%) 2nd Line Support
17 35 (2.62%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (4.42%) Web Services
2 48 (3.59%) 802.1X
3 33 (2.47%) Elastic Stack
4 27 (2.02%) LDAP
5 24 (1.80%) JSON
6 16 (1.20%) Node.js
7 15 (1.12%) REST
8 11 (0.82%) Kafka
8 11 (0.82%) SOAP
8 11 (0.82%) XML
9 10 (0.75%) YAML
10 7 (0.52%) .NET
10 7 (0.52%) ModSecurity
11 6 (0.45%) XSLT
12 5 (0.37%) HTML
12 5 (0.37%) J2EE
12 5 (0.37%) Middleware
12 5 (0.37%) RESTful
12 5 (0.37%) SAML
12 5 (0.37%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 219 (16.39%) Data Centre
2 84 (6.29%) Analytical Skills
3 47 (3.52%) PKI
4 39 (2.92%) Public Cloud
5 31 (2.32%) Replication
6 30 (2.25%) Management Information System
7 26 (1.95%) Video Conferencing
8 25 (1.87%) Cyberattack
8 25 (1.87%) iPad
8 25 (1.87%) Self-Motivation
9 23 (1.72%) Clustering
10 21 (1.57%) Hybrid Cloud
11 20 (1.50%) iPhone
11 20 (1.50%) Mobile App
12 19 (1.42%) Blackberry
12 19 (1.42%) Smartphone
13 18 (1.35%) Fat Client
13 18 (1.35%) Linux Command Line
13 18 (1.35%) Thin Client
14 16 (1.20%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 469 (35.10%) Windows
2 229 (17.14%) Linux
3 153 (11.45%) Windows 10
4 144 (10.78%) Windows Server
5 133 (9.96%) Windows 7
6 81 (6.06%) Windows Server 2012
7 75 (5.61%) Unix
8 60 (4.49%) Android
9 56 (4.19%) Apple iOS
10 52 (3.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 52 (3.89%) Windows Server 2008
11 27 (2.02%) CentOS
12 24 (1.80%) Windows XP
13 23 (1.72%) Windows Server 2003
14 22 (1.65%) Windows 8
15 20 (1.50%) Mac OS
16 18 (1.35%) Windows Mobile
17 11 (0.82%) Debian
17 11 (0.82%) Ubuntu
18 10 (0.75%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 183 (13.70%) ITIL
2 174 (13.02%) DevOps
3 141 (10.55%) Migration
4 122 (9.13%) Agile Software Development
5 114 (8.53%) Problem-Solving
6 105 (7.86%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 95 (7.11%) Load Balancing
8 91 (6.81%) Network Monitoring
9 81 (6.06%) Network Design
10 72 (5.39%) Configuration Management
10 72 (5.39%) High Availability
11 71 (5.31%) SIEM
12 68 (5.09%) Service Delivery
13 67 (5.01%) Disaster Recovery
14 64 (4.79%) Information Security
15 62 (4.64%) Network Management
16 61 (4.57%) Service Management
17 59 (4.42%) Change Management
18 56 (4.19%) Kalman Filter
19 50 (3.74%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 110 (8.23%) PowerShell
2 89 (6.66%) SQL
3 78 (5.84%) Python
4 44 (3.29%) Bash Shell
5 28 (2.10%) Java
6 19 (1.42%) C
7 16 (1.20%) Shell Script
8 13 (0.97%) Ruby
9 11 (0.82%) Perl
10 9 (0.67%) JavaScript
11 8 (0.60%) C#
12 4 (0.30%) Lua
13 3 (0.22%) C++
13 3 (0.22%) VB
14 2 (0.15%) Go
14 2 (0.15%) Groovy
15 1 (0.075%) Bourne shell
15 1 (0.075%) R
15 1 (0.075%) sed
15 1 (0.075%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 327 (24.48%) Cisco Certification
2 241 (18.04%) Security Cleared
3 217 (16.24%) SC Cleared
4 202 (15.12%) CCNP
5 161 (12.05%) CCNA
6 100 (7.49%) CCIE
7 76 (5.69%) Degree
8 45 (3.37%) Microsoft Certification
9 41 (3.07%) CISSP
10 34 (2.54%) CCDP
11 26 (1.95%) RHCE
12 24 (1.80%) MCP
13 23 (1.72%) BPSS Clearance
14 22 (1.65%) CISM
14 22 (1.65%) MCSE
15 19 (1.42%) DV Cleared
16 18 (1.35%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 18 (1.35%) JNCIA
17 17 (1.27%) CISA
18 16 (1.20%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (4.57%) SLA
2 28 (2.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 25 (1.87%) QA
4 22 (1.65%) PCI DSS
5 13 (0.97%) NIST
6 10 (0.75%) GDPR
7 9 (0.67%) PMO
8 7 (0.52%) HIPAA
9 4 (0.30%) Cyber Essentials
9 4 (0.30%) FedRAMP
10 3 (0.22%) COBIT
10 3 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 2 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
11 2 (0.15%) GxP
11 2 (0.15%) NIST 800
12 1 (0.075%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 1 (0.075%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 1 (0.075%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 1 (0.075%) NCSC
12 1 (0.075%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 383 (28.67%) Active Directory
2 125 (9.36%) VMware Infrastructure
3 86 (6.44%) Docker
4 51 (3.82%) VMware ESXi
5 47 (3.52%) Hyper-V
6 31 (2.32%) XenApp
7 29 (2.17%) vSphere
8 23 (1.72%) BitLocker
9 17 (1.27%) VMware Workstation
10 15 (1.12%) Firmware
10 15 (1.12%) ProxySG
10 15 (1.12%) XenDesktop
11 14 (1.05%) Terminal Services
12 10 (0.75%) Virtual Machines
13 7 (0.52%) Microsoft App-V
13 7 (0.52%) Snort
13 7 (0.52%) Squid
13 7 (0.52%) Virtual Servers
14 6 (0.45%) KVM
14 6 (0.45%) NFS
Systems Management
1 130 (9.73%) Terraform
2 105 (7.86%) Ansible
3 91 (6.81%) Kubernetes
4 89 (6.66%) SCCM
5 62 (4.64%) Puppet
6 48 (3.59%) Packer
7 45 (3.37%) Opscode Chef
8 38 (2.84%) Microsoft Intune
9 34 (2.54%) Consul
10 29 (2.17%) FortiGate
11 19 (1.42%) Failover Clustering
12 18 (1.35%) Single Sign-On
13 14 (1.05%) Nagios
14 12 (0.90%) QRadar
15 11 (0.82%) Cisco CUCM
15 11 (0.82%) Cisco Prime
15 11 (0.82%) HAProxy
16 10 (0.75%) WSUS
17 8 (0.60%) Backup Exec
17 8 (0.60%) Kibana
Vendors
1 528 (39.52%) Cisco
2 307 (22.98%) Microsoft
3 197 (14.75%) VMware
4 193 (14.45%) CheckPoint
5 150 (11.23%) F5
6 138 (10.33%) Juniper
7 118 (8.83%) Citrix
8 99 (7.41%) HP
9 88 (6.59%) Palo Alto
10 82 (6.14%) Splunk
11 77 (5.76%) SolarWinds
12 65 (4.87%) Fortinet
13 57 (4.27%) Apple
14 47 (3.52%) Google
15 43 (3.22%) Blue Coat
15 43 (3.22%) Oracle
16 39 (2.92%) Red Hat
17 37 (2.77%) Dell
18 36 (2.69%) McAfee
19 34 (2.54%) Aruba