Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 217 228 197
Rank change year-on-year +11 -31 +23
Contract jobs citing VPN 1,346 1,207 1,394
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.29% 1.17% 1.32%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.84% 8.60% 8.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 831 721 873
UK median daily rate £400 £398 £409
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.63% -2.81% +7.35%
10th Percentile £150 £150 £182
90th Percentile £588 £550 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £369
% change year-on-year - +1.69% -1.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 74 86 68
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £18.10 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.21% -9.50% +17.65%
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.63 £11.25
90th Percentile £44.00 £49.38 £49.43
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £17.50 £19.00
% change year-on-year -5.71% -7.89% +12.83%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 13,680 14,028 16,213
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.11% 13.62% 15.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,227 8,557 9,829
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +3.90%
10th Percentile £200 £184 £215
90th Percentile £606 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 649 750 827
UK median hourly rate £19.39 £19.32 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.36% -14.16% +9.76%
10th Percentile £12.25 £11.25 £11.72
90th Percentile £48.35 £47.50 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £19.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year - -24.00% +21.95%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing VPN.

Contractor daily rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN.

Contractor hourly rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +18 1,268 £400 - 377
UK excluding London +6 756 £375 - 279
London +33 569 £415 +0.48% 113
South East -6 238 £370 -0.67% 77
North of England -8 159 £388 -3.13% 83
Midlands -14 120 £400 - 41
East of England +48 92 £338 +28.57% 25
South West -5 90 £375 +15.38% 38
North West -16 77 £381 +3.74% 42
West Midlands -68 63 £400 - 25
Yorkshire -16 62 £413 -10.71% 36
East Midlands +51 53 £423 +43.83% 16
Scotland -32 33 £338 -10.00% 5
Wales -6 27 £425 +21.43% 4
North East +14 20 £283 -40.84% 5
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 6

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 669 (49.70%) Firewall
2 555 (41.23%) Windows
3 510 (37.89%) Cisco
4 394 (29.27%) WAN
5 392 (29.12%) Active Directory
6 382 (28.38%) Microsoft
7 369 (27.41%) LAN
8 330 (24.52%) DNS
9 327 (24.29%) TCP/IP
10 284 (21.10%) Microsoft Azure
11 263 (19.54%) VMware
12 260 (19.32%) MPLS
13 258 (19.17%) Cisco Certification
14 249 (18.50%) Amazon AWS
15 241 (17.90%) Wireless
16 237 (17.61%) Linux
17 226 (16.79%) BGP
18 219 (16.27%) Office 365
19 217 (16.12%) OSPF
19 217 (16.12%) ITIL
20 205 (15.23%) CheckPoint
21 204 (15.16%) Security Cleared
22 190 (14.12%) Network Security
23 189 (14.04%) Microsoft Office
24 183 (13.60%) DHCP
24 183 (13.60%) Windows Server
25 182 (13.52%) CCNP
26 181 (13.45%) Citrix
27 179 (13.30%) Finance
28 169 (12.56%) Data Centre

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 102 (7.58%) MS Exchange
2 66 (4.90%) Skype for Business
3 50 (3.71%) SharePoint
4 38 (2.82%) Exchange Server 2010
5 33 (2.45%) Exchange Server 2013
6 31 (2.30%) Confluence
7 27 (2.01%) IIS
8 25 (1.86%) Apache
8 25 (1.86%) OpenStack
9 19 (1.41%) Elasticsearch
10 18 (1.34%) nginx
11 15 (1.11%) Apache Spark
12 14 (1.04%) Tomcat
13 13 (0.97%) WebSphere
14 10 (0.74%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
14 10 (0.74%) Exchange Server 2003
15 8 (0.59%) CMS
15 8 (0.59%) IBM Notes
16 6 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 4 (0.30%) WordPress
Applications
1 189 (14.04%) Microsoft Office
2 40 (2.97%) Microsoft Excel
3 27 (2.01%) MS Visio
4 16 (1.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.22%) Mozilla Thunderbird
6 2 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.074%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 8 (0.59%) Remedy ITSM
2 7 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.074%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.074%) Eikon
3 1 (0.074%) Sage 200
3 1 (0.074%) Sage 50
3 1 (0.074%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 284 (21.10%) Microsoft Azure
2 249 (18.50%) Amazon AWS
3 219 (16.27%) Office 365
4 76 (5.65%) SaaS
5 75 (5.57%) IaaS
6 65 (4.83%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 58 (4.31%) PaaS
8 46 (3.42%) Azure Active Directory
9 37 (2.75%) Amazon EC2
9 37 (2.75%) Amazon S3
10 36 (2.67%) Google Cloud Platform
11 27 (2.01%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 25 (1.86%) Serverless
13 24 (1.78%) AWS CloudFormation
14 23 (1.71%) Cloud Computing
15 20 (1.49%) AWS Lambda
16 19 (1.41%) Route 53
17 15 (1.11%) GitHub
18 14 (1.04%) Amazon SQS
18 14 (1.04%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 669 (49.70%) Firewall
2 394 (29.27%) WAN
3 369 (27.41%) LAN
4 330 (24.52%) DNS
5 327 (24.29%) TCP/IP
6 260 (19.32%) MPLS
7 241 (17.90%) Wireless
8 226 (16.79%) BGP
9 217 (16.12%) OSPF
10 190 (14.12%) Network Security
11 183 (13.60%) DHCP
12 164 (12.18%) IPsec
13 158 (11.74%) Cisco ASA
14 145 (10.77%) SSL
15 141 (10.48%) Internet
16 139 (10.33%) VoIP
17 114 (8.47%) VLAN
18 110 (8.17%) Cisco Nexus
19 96 (7.13%) EIGRP
20 86 (6.39%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 69 (5.13%) SQL Server
2 36 (2.67%) PostgreSQL
3 31 (2.30%) MySQL
4 29 (2.15%) Amazon RDS
4 29 (2.15%) Relational Database
5 23 (1.71%) Big Data
6 20 (1.49%) Hadoop
7 16 (1.19%) HBase
7 16 (1.19%) NoSQL
8 15 (1.11%) SQL Server 2012
9 14 (1.04%) Apache Hive
10 13 (0.97%) Redis
11 12 (0.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 12 (0.89%) Amazon Redshift
12 11 (0.82%) SQL Server 2008
13 10 (0.74%) Apache Cassandra
13 10 (0.74%) Azure SQL Database
14 9 (0.67%) Data Warehouse
14 9 (0.67%) Sqoop
15 8 (0.59%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 75 (5.57%) Jenkins
2 38 (2.82%) JIRA
3 30 (2.23%) Git (software)
4 15 (1.11%) GitLab
5 13 (0.97%) Octopus Deploy
5 13 (0.97%) VSS/SourceSafe
6 12 (0.89%) SoapUI
6 12 (0.89%) Team Foundation Server
6 12 (0.89%) Visual Studio Team System
7 11 (0.82%) Burp Suite
7 11 (0.82%) Cucumber
7 11 (0.82%) Metasploit
7 11 (0.82%) Selenium
7 11 (0.82%) WebDriver
8 7 (0.52%) CircleCI
8 7 (0.52%) Maven
9 5 (0.37%) Artifactory
10 4 (0.30%) SonarQube
10 4 (0.30%) Sonatype Nexus
11 3 (0.22%) Robot Framework
General
1 179 (13.30%) Finance
2 100 (7.43%) Telecoms
3 47 (3.49%) Retail
4 44 (3.27%) Law
5 36 (2.67%) Legal
6 32 (2.38%) Banking
7 18 (1.34%) Manufacturing
8 13 (0.97%) Advertising
8 13 (0.97%) Financial Institution
9 10 (0.74%) Billing
10 9 (0.67%) Multimedia
11 8 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
12 7 (0.52%) Back Office
13 6 (0.45%) Marketing
14 5 (0.37%) Automotive
14 5 (0.37%) Games
15 4 (0.30%) Spanish Language
16 3 (0.22%) Aerospace
16 3 (0.22%) German Language
16 3 (0.22%) Portuguese Language
Job Titles
1 270 (20.06%) Network Engineer
2 194 (14.41%) Analyst
3 137 (10.18%) Architect
4 87 (6.46%) Support Engineer
5 79 (5.87%) Consultant
5 79 (5.87%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 79 (5.87%) Security Engineer
6 74 (5.50%) DevOps Engineer
7 72 (5.35%) Service Analyst
8 70 (5.20%) Service Desk Analyst
9 62 (4.61%) Desktop Support
10 58 (4.31%) Support Analyst
11 55 (4.09%) IT Support
12 53 (3.94%) Cloud Engineer
13 50 (3.71%) AWS Engineer
14 47 (3.49%) Cisco Engineer
14 47 (3.49%) Network Architect
15 44 (3.27%) 2nd Line Support
15 44 (3.27%) Network Security Engineer
16 42 (3.12%) Azure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 69 (5.13%) 802.1X
2 59 (4.38%) Web Services
3 45 (3.34%) JSON
4 31 (2.30%) LDAP
4 31 (2.30%) REST
4 31 (2.30%) SAML
5 25 (1.86%) Elastic Stack
6 22 (1.63%) OAuth
6 22 (1.63%) XML
7 21 (1.56%) Middleware
8 19 (1.41%) LAMP
9 17 (1.26%) SOAP
10 11 (0.82%) OpenID
11 10 (0.74%) Node.js
11 10 (0.74%) Spring
12 9 (0.67%) .NET
12 9 (0.67%) HTML
12 9 (0.67%) Kafka
13 8 (0.59%) LEMP Stack
14 6 (0.45%) Sensu
Miscellaneous
1 169 (12.56%) Data Centre
2 74 (5.50%) Analytical Skills
3 60 (4.46%) Public Cloud
4 59 (4.38%) PKI
5 44 (3.27%) Management Information System
5 44 (3.27%) Self-Motivation
6 43 (3.19%) Blackberry
6 43 (3.19%) Computer Science
7 30 (2.23%) Replication
8 29 (2.15%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 25 (1.86%) Smartphone
10 23 (1.71%) Cyberthreat
11 22 (1.63%) iPhone
11 22 (1.63%) Mobile App
12 19 (1.41%) Driving Licence
13 18 (1.34%) Wiki
14 16 (1.19%) Hybrid Cloud
14 16 (1.19%) Video Conferencing
15 14 (1.04%) Microsoft Licensing
15 14 (1.04%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 555 (41.23%) Windows
2 237 (17.61%) Linux
3 183 (13.60%) Windows Server
4 168 (12.48%) Windows 10
5 129 (9.58%) Windows 7
6 83 (6.17%) Windows Server 2012
7 79 (5.87%) Unix
8 78 (5.79%) Windows Server 2008
9 58 (4.31%) Android
10 51 (3.79%) Windows XP
11 43 (3.19%) Apple iOS
12 40 (2.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 30 (2.23%) Windows Server 2003
14 28 (2.08%) Ubuntu
15 21 (1.56%) CentOS
15 21 (1.56%) Mac OS X
16 17 (1.26%) Mac OS
17 15 (1.11%) Windows 8
18 12 (0.89%) Check Point GAiA
19 11 (0.82%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 217 (16.12%) ITIL
2 141 (10.48%) DevOps
3 136 (10.10%) Load Balancing
4 101 (7.50%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 90 (6.69%) Problem-Solving
6 89 (6.61%) Migration
7 88 (6.54%) Agile Software Development
8 83 (6.17%) Configuration Management
9 80 (5.94%) Information Security
10 79 (5.87%) Service Management
11 74 (5.50%) Service Delivery
12 68 (5.05%) Network Design
13 65 (4.83%) Change Management
14 61 (4.53%) SIEM
15 57 (4.23%) Network Monitoring
16 56 (4.16%) Open Source
17 54 (4.01%) Kalman Filter
18 53 (3.94%) Project Management
19 50 (3.71%) Disaster Recovery
20 48 (3.57%) Incident Management
Programming Languages
1 135 (10.03%) PowerShell
2 86 (6.39%) SQL
3 77 (5.72%) Bash Shell
4 76 (5.65%) Python
5 48 (3.57%) Java
6 46 (3.42%) Ruby
7 39 (2.90%) Perl
8 34 (2.53%) C
9 20 (1.49%) JavaScript
10 17 (1.26%) Shell Script
11 13 (0.97%) Groovy
12 11 (0.82%) C#
12 11 (0.82%) Lua
13 9 (0.67%) Go
13 9 (0.67%) PHP
13 9 (0.67%) VB
14 7 (0.52%) VBA
15 5 (0.37%) C++
15 5 (0.37%) Scala
16 4 (0.30%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 258 (19.17%) Cisco Certification
2 204 (15.16%) Security Cleared
3 182 (13.52%) CCNP
4 149 (11.07%) SC Cleared
5 122 (9.06%) CCNA
6 84 (6.24%) Degree
7 81 (6.02%) Microsoft Certification
8 61 (4.53%) CCIE
9 45 (3.34%) MCSE
10 43 (3.19%) CISSP
11 41 (3.05%) DV Cleared
12 33 (2.45%) MCSA
13 31 (2.30%) CISM
14 27 (2.01%) CCSE
15 26 (1.93%) MCP
16 25 (1.86%) JNCIS
17 23 (1.71%) CISA
18 22 (1.63%) JNCIP
19 21 (1.56%) BPSS Clearance
20 20 (1.49%) CCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 105 (7.80%) SLA
2 52 (3.86%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 37 (2.75%) PCI DSS
4 22 (1.63%) HIPAA
5 21 (1.56%) FedRAMP
6 17 (1.26%) GDPR
7 15 (1.11%) QA
8 13 (0.97%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 10 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 7 (0.52%) Data Quality
10 7 (0.52%) Disclosure Scotland
11 5 (0.37%) COBIT
11 5 (0.37%) NIST 800
12 4 (0.30%) JSP 440
12 4 (0.30%) RMADS
13 2 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
13 2 (0.15%) Government Security Classifications
13 2 (0.15%) PMO
14 1 (0.074%) GPG13
14 1 (0.074%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 392 (29.12%) Active Directory
2 157 (11.66%) VMware Infrastructure
3 84 (6.24%) Docker
4 76 (5.65%) Hyper-V
5 50 (3.71%) vSphere
6 36 (2.67%) Virtual Machines
7 29 (2.15%) BitLocker
7 29 (2.15%) XenApp
8 28 (2.08%) VMware ESXi
9 21 (1.56%) NFS
9 21 (1.56%) XenDesktop
10 20 (1.49%) Virtual Desktop
11 18 (1.34%) VMware NSX
12 16 (1.19%) Terminal Services
13 14 (1.04%) Microsoft App-V
13 14 (1.04%) Virtual Servers
14 11 (0.82%) HDFS
14 11 (0.82%) KVM
15 10 (0.74%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 10 (0.74%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 133 (9.88%) SCCM
2 83 (6.17%) Ansible
3 57 (4.23%) Terraform
4 45 (3.34%) Kubernetes
5 43 (3.19%) Puppet
6 41 (3.05%) Opscode Chef
7 37 (2.75%) Microsoft Intune
8 34 (2.53%) FortiGate
9 31 (2.30%) Single Sign-On
10 29 (2.15%) Nagios
11 27 (2.01%) WSUS
12 22 (1.63%) AirWatch
13 19 (1.41%) Backup Exec
13 19 (1.41%) Cisco Prime
13 19 (1.41%) SCOM
14 17 (1.26%) Nessus
14 17 (1.26%) Norton AntiVirus
15 15 (1.11%) Cacti
15 15 (1.11%) Kibana
16 14 (1.04%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 510 (37.89%) Cisco
2 382 (28.38%) Microsoft
3 263 (19.54%) VMware
4 205 (15.23%) CheckPoint
5 181 (13.45%) Citrix
6 168 (12.48%) Juniper
7 108 (8.02%) HP
8 93 (6.91%) F5
9 91 (6.76%) Palo Alto
10 85 (6.32%) SolarWinds
11 60 (4.46%) McAfee
12 59 (4.38%) Aruba
13 58 (4.31%) Oracle
14 53 (3.94%) Fortinet
15 46 (3.42%) Apple
15 46 (3.42%) Red Hat
16 44 (3.27%) Avaya
17 41 (3.05%) Meraki
18 38 (2.82%) Google
19 36 (2.67%) Sophos