Period
to 4 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 4 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
4 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 196 194 230
Rank change year-on-year -2 +36 -17
Contract jobs citing VPN 477 1,293 1,252
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.33% 1.42% 1.21%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.90% 11.02% 9.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 312 836 779
Median daily rate £438 £413 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.06% - +3.13%
10th Percentile £173 £161 £143
90th Percentile £600 £599 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £370 £400
% change year-on-year +8.11% -7.50% +4.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 41 71 96
Median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £16.16
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% +8.33% -10.75%
10th Percentile £16.75 £12.00 £11.88
90th Percentile £47.00 £48.75 £32.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.50 £17.50 £14.80
% change year-on-year +11.43% +18.24% -7.30%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 4,820 11,729 13,851
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.46% 12.86% 13.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,757 7,186 8,513
Median daily rate £425 £425 £425
10th Percentile £200 £200 £203
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £405 £400 £395
% change year-on-year +1.25% +1.27% +3.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 289 589 778
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +48.94% +17.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £14.86 £12.25 £12.20
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.30 £47.50
Median hourly rate £30.00 £22.50 £19.40
% change year-on-year +33.33% +16.01% +4.84%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Daily rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 4 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 429 £449 +8.79% 120
UK excluding London +18 274 £400 +8.11% 99
London +9 180 £485 +7.78% 28
South East -4 68 £413 +13.01% 30
North of England +41 64 £315 -13.10% 23
Midlands +50 56 £513 +31.83% 14
Work from Home -15 50 £406 +1.56% 17
West Midlands +49 43 £550 +39.24% 11
East of England +52 34 £340 -25.68% 5
Yorkshire +67 31 £299 -25.38% 8
North West +20 27 £363 +1.75% 15
Scotland +53 25 £325 -13.33% 4
South West +31 24 £425 +29.77% 20
East Midlands +36 12 £355 -2.07% 3
North East +24 6 £290 -15.33%
Wales +26 3 £90 -78.82% 3

For the 6 months to 4 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 254 (53.25%) Firewall
2 213 (44.65%) Windows
3 192 (40.25%) Cisco
4 181 (37.95%) WAN
5 161 (33.75%) Active Directory
6 137 (28.72%) Azure
7 130 (27.25%) DNS
8 129 (27.04%) LAN
9 122 (25.58%) Security Cleared
10 119 (24.95%) Microsoft
11 118 (24.74%) Cisco Certification
12 102 (21.38%) TCP/IP
13 101 (21.17%) BGP
14 97 (20.34%) OSPF
15 93 (19.50%) Office 365
16 89 (18.66%) Linux
17 88 (18.45%) CCNP
18 87 (18.24%) Juniper
19 84 (17.61%) SC Cleared
20 82 (17.19%) MPLS
21 79 (16.56%) Internet
22 73 (15.30%) Wireless
23 72 (15.09%) PaaS
24 71 (14.88%) Network Security
25 69 (14.47%) Data Centre
26 66 (13.84%) AWS
26 66 (13.84%) CCNA
27 63 (13.21%) VoIP
28 61 (12.79%) CheckPoint
28 61 (12.79%) Windows Server

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (5.87%) MS Exchange
2 18 (3.77%) SharePoint
3 16 (3.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 16 (3.35%) Skype for Business
4 15 (3.14%) WebLogic
5 11 (2.31%) Exchange Server 2010
6 9 (1.89%) Exchange Server 2003
7 8 (1.68%) Exchange Server 2007
8 7 (1.47%) JBoss
8 7 (1.47%) OpenStack
9 5 (1.05%) SharePoint 2013
9 5 (1.05%) WebSphere
10 4 (0.84%) Apache
11 3 (0.63%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
11 3 (0.63%) NetWeaver
11 3 (0.63%) nginx
11 3 (0.63%) SAS
11 3 (0.63%) Tomcat
12 2 (0.42%) Cloud Foundry
12 2 (0.42%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 55 (11.53%) Microsoft Office
2 20 (4.19%) MS Visio
3 13 (2.73%) Microsoft Excel
4 9 (1.89%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (1.47%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (1.26%) Acrobat
7 3 (0.63%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 7 (1.47%) Remedy ITSM
2 2 (0.42%) assyst
2 2 (0.42%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.21%) Actimize
3 1 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.21%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.21%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 137 (28.72%) Azure
2 93 (19.50%) Office 365
3 72 (15.09%) PaaS
4 66 (13.84%) AWS
5 52 (10.90%) IaaS
6 50 (10.48%) SaaS
7 28 (5.87%) Azure Active Directory
8 21 (4.40%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 14 (2.94%) AWS CloudFormation
9 14 (2.94%) GCP
10 12 (2.52%) Cloud Computing
11 11 (2.31%) Amazon EC2
11 11 (2.31%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 9 (1.89%) Serverless
13 7 (1.47%) Amazon EKS
13 7 (1.47%) OneDrive
13 7 (1.47%) OpenShift
14 6 (1.26%) Amazon ELB
14 6 (1.26%) Amazon S3
14 6 (1.26%) Azure Stack
Communications & Networking
1 254 (53.25%) Firewall
2 181 (37.95%) WAN
3 130 (27.25%) DNS
4 129 (27.04%) LAN
5 102 (21.38%) TCP/IP
6 101 (21.17%) BGP
7 97 (20.34%) OSPF
8 82 (17.19%) MPLS
9 79 (16.56%) Internet
10 73 (15.30%) Wireless
11 71 (14.88%) Network Security
12 63 (13.21%) VoIP
13 59 (12.37%) IPsec
14 58 (12.16%) DHCP
15 52 (10.90%) DMZ
15 52 (10.90%) EIGRP
16 43 (9.01%) Wi-Fi
17 39 (8.18%) Cisco Nexus
17 39 (8.18%) SNMP
18 38 (7.97%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (3.35%) SQL Server
2 15 (3.14%) Oracle ODI
3 10 (2.10%) MySQL
4 9 (1.89%) Azure SQL Database
4 9 (1.89%) Cosmos DB
5 7 (1.47%) DB2
6 5 (1.05%) PostgreSQL
7 3 (0.63%) BigQuery
7 3 (0.63%) Bigtable
7 3 (0.63%) NoSQL
7 3 (0.63%) Oracle Database
7 3 (0.63%) Oracle Database 11g
7 3 (0.63%) Relational Database
7 3 (0.63%) SAP HANA
8 2 (0.42%) Amazon RDS
8 2 (0.42%) Apache Cassandra
8 2 (0.42%) Data Lake
8 2 (0.42%) Geospatial Data
8 2 (0.42%) MongoDB
8 2 (0.42%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 9 (1.89%) Jenkins
2 8 (1.68%) JIRA
3 6 (1.26%) Git (software)
3 6 (1.26%) VSS/SourceSafe
4 5 (1.05%) Team Foundation Server
5 4 (0.84%) Terragrunt
6 3 (0.63%) Maven
6 3 (0.63%) Sonatype Nexus
7 2 (0.42%) Artifactory
7 2 (0.42%) GitLab
8 1 (0.21%) Bitbucket
8 1 (0.21%) Mocha
8 1 (0.21%) Selenium
8 1 (0.21%) SonarQube
General
1 42 (8.81%) Finance
2 35 (7.34%) Telecoms
3 29 (6.08%) Public Sector
4 9 (1.89%) Manufacturing
5 8 (1.68%) Banking
6 7 (1.47%) Legal
7 5 (1.05%) Pharmaceutical
8 4 (0.84%) Electronics
8 4 (0.84%) Marketing
8 4 (0.84%) Retail
9 3 (0.63%) Automotive
10 2 (0.42%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.42%) Local Government
10 2 (0.42%) Publishing
11 1 (0.21%) Advertising
11 1 (0.21%) French Language
11 1 (0.21%) Games
11 1 (0.21%) German Language
11 1 (0.21%) Law
11 1 (0.21%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 133 (27.88%) Network Engineer
2 60 (12.58%) Architect
3 55 (11.53%) Analyst
4 39 (8.18%) Security Engineer
5 32 (6.71%) Support Engineer
6 30 (6.29%) Desktop Support
7 22 (4.61%) Network Security Engineer
8 21 (4.40%) Developer
9 19 (3.98%) Service Analyst
10 18 (3.77%) Consultant
10 18 (3.77%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 18 (3.77%) Network Architect
11 17 (3.56%) Azure Engineer
11 17 (3.56%) Solutions Architect
12 16 (3.35%) Design Engineer
12 16 (3.35%) Service Desk Analyst
12 16 (3.35%) Support Analyst
13 15 (3.14%) Cloud Engineer
13 15 (3.14%) Desktop Engineer
14 14 (2.94%) Cisco Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (6.08%) .NET
2 27 (5.66%) Web Services
3 24 (5.03%) Oracle Fusion
4 21 (4.40%) SAML
5 11 (2.31%) REST
6 9 (1.89%) 802.1X
6 9 (1.89%) Middleware
7 7 (1.47%) LDAP
7 7 (1.47%) RESTful
7 7 (1.47%) XML
8 6 (1.26%) SOAP
9 3 (0.63%) Ajax
9 3 (0.63%) EJB
9 3 (0.63%) Hibernate
9 3 (0.63%) HTML
9 3 (0.63%) Java EE
9 3 (0.63%) jQuery
9 3 (0.63%) JSON
9 3 (0.63%) SAP Basis
9 3 (0.63%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 69 (14.47%) Data Centre
2 42 (8.81%) PKI
3 32 (6.71%) Analytical Skills
4 25 (5.24%) Management Information System
5 21 (4.40%) Public Cloud
6 20 (4.19%) Self-Motivation
7 15 (3.14%) Mobile App
8 14 (2.94%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 13 (2.73%) NHS
10 12 (2.52%) Blackberry
11 9 (1.89%) Cyberthreat
12 8 (1.68%) User Experience
12 8 (1.68%) Video Conferencing
13 7 (1.47%) Replication
13 7 (1.47%) RSA SecurID
14 6 (1.26%) Client/Server
14 6 (1.26%) Clustering
14 6 (1.26%) Driving Licence
14 6 (1.26%) PDA
15 5 (1.05%) CESG
Operating Systems
1 213 (44.65%) Windows
2 89 (18.66%) Linux
3 61 (12.79%) Windows Server
4 56 (11.74%) Windows 10
5 30 (6.29%) Unix
6 27 (5.66%) Windows 7
7 22 (4.61%) Windows Server 2008
8 18 (3.77%) Android
9 15 (3.14%) Apple iOS
10 14 (2.94%) Windows Mobile
11 12 (2.52%) Windows Server 2016
11 12 (2.52%) Windows XP
12 11 (2.31%) Windows Server 2012
12 11 (2.31%) Windows Server 2019
13 7 (1.47%) Mac OS
13 7 (1.47%) Windows 2000
13 7 (1.47%) Windows Server 2003
13 7 (1.47%) Windows Vista
14 6 (1.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 4 (0.84%) Check Point GAiA
Processes & Methodologies
1 49 (10.27%) Network Design
2 48 (10.06%) Problem-Solving
3 45 (9.43%) DevOps
4 42 (8.81%) ITIL
5 40 (8.39%) Load Balancing
5 40 (8.39%) Migration
6 36 (7.55%) Cybersecurity
7 34 (7.13%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 32 (6.71%) SIEM
9 30 (6.29%) Agile Software Development
10 29 (6.08%) SOA
11 26 (5.45%) Change Management
11 26 (5.45%) Service Delivery
12 25 (5.24%) Network Virtualisation
12 25 (5.24%) Service Management
13 23 (4.82%) Dashboard Development
14 22 (4.61%) Multi-Factor Authentication
15 20 (4.19%) Product Roadmap
15 20 (4.19%) Two-Factor Authentication
16 19 (3.98%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 42 (8.81%) Java
2 41 (8.60%) Python
3 31 (6.50%) C
4 29 (6.08%) Shell Script
5 24 (5.03%) SQL
6 23 (4.82%) PowerShell
7 18 (3.77%) Bash Shell
8 7 (1.47%) Ruby
9 6 (1.26%) JavaScript
10 4 (0.84%) C#
10 4 (0.84%) Perl
11 3 (0.63%) VBScript
12 2 (0.42%) PHP
13 1 (0.21%) Go
13 1 (0.21%) Groovy
13 1 (0.21%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 122 (25.58%) Security Cleared
2 118 (24.74%) Cisco Certification
3 88 (18.45%) CCNP
4 84 (17.61%) SC Cleared
5 66 (13.84%) CCNA
6 42 (8.81%) DV Cleared
7 38 (7.97%) CCDP
8 34 (7.13%) Degree
9 33 (6.92%) CCIE
10 30 (6.29%) CISSP
11 15 (3.14%) Microsoft Certification
12 14 (2.94%) JNCIA
13 12 (2.52%) BPSS Clearance
13 12 (2.52%) CCIE Routing and Switching
13 12 (2.52%) JNCIP
14 11 (2.31%) BC Cleared
14 11 (2.31%) JNCIS
15 10 (2.10%) CCDA
15 10 (2.10%) MCSE
16 9 (1.89%) CCIP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (2.52%) SLA
2 11 (2.31%) QA
3 7 (1.47%) PCI DSS
4 4 (0.84%) COBIT
5 3 (0.63%) GDPR
6 2 (0.42%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.42%) NIST
7 1 (0.21%) FedRAMP
7 1 (0.21%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.21%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.21%) JSP 440
7 1 (0.21%) NCSC
7 1 (0.21%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.21%) PMO
7 1 (0.21%) RMADS
7 1 (0.21%) SEPA
7 1 (0.21%) TARGET2
System Software
1 161 (33.75%) Active Directory
2 33 (6.92%) VMware Infrastructure
3 30 (6.29%) Virtual Machines
4 23 (4.82%) Docker
5 13 (2.73%) VMware ESXi
6 10 (2.10%) Hyper-V
7 9 (1.89%) VMware NSX
8 8 (1.68%) XenApp
9 6 (1.26%) BitLocker
9 6 (1.26%) ProxySG
10 5 (1.05%) Virtual Desktop
11 4 (0.84%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 4 (0.84%) vCloud
11 4 (0.84%) vSphere
11 4 (0.84%) XenDesktop
12 2 (0.42%) NFS
12 2 (0.42%) Oracle RAC
12 2 (0.42%) PowerDNS
12 2 (0.42%) Terminal Server
13 1 (0.21%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 27 (5.66%) Single Sign-On
2 26 (5.45%) SCCM
3 24 (5.03%) Kubernetes
4 21 (4.40%) Ansible
5 19 (3.98%) Terraform
6 17 (3.56%) Microsoft Intune
7 16 (3.35%) FortiGate
8 12 (2.52%) Opscode Chef
9 10 (2.10%) Puppet
10 8 (1.68%) Nessus
11 7 (1.47%) Packer
11 7 (1.47%) ServiceCenter
11 7 (1.47%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 6 (1.26%) Cisco CUCM
12 6 (1.26%) vMotion
13 5 (1.05%) Cisco UCCX
13 5 (1.05%) OpenView
13 5 (1.05%) OVSD
14 4 (0.84%) Backup Exec
14 4 (0.84%) Cisco Prime
Vendors
1 192 (40.25%) Cisco
2 119 (24.95%) Microsoft
3 87 (18.24%) Juniper
4 61 (12.79%) CheckPoint
5 59 (12.37%) Oracle
6 57 (11.95%) F5
6 57 (11.95%) VMware
7 50 (10.48%) Citrix
8 49 (10.27%) Palo Alto
9 40 (8.39%) HP
10 35 (7.34%) SolarWinds
11 34 (7.13%) Splunk
12 29 (6.08%) Dell
12 29 (6.08%) Fortinet
13 23 (4.82%) Meraki
14 17 (3.56%) Google
14 17 (3.56%) ServiceNow
15 16 (3.35%) Aruba
16 15 (3.14%) CyberArk
17 12 (2.52%) Blue Coat