Period
to 11 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 11 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
11 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 233 192 190
Rank change year-on-year -41 -2 +34
Contract jobs citing VPN 633 717 1,420
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.13% 1.39% 1.53%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.91% 10.19% 12.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 388 432 950
10th Percentile £172 £151 £188
25th Percentile £305 £255 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £425 £400 £425
Median % change year-on-year +6.25% -5.88% +6.25%
75th Percentile £500 £525 £525
90th Percentile £600 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £390 £394 £400
% change year-on-year -0.89% -1.63% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 61 84
10th Percentile £15.00 £13.38 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.46 £14.50 £13.17
Median hourly rate £18.00 £18.80 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year -4.26% +7.43% +18.64%
75th Percentile £24.00 £20.25 £27.81
90th Percentile £40.00 £47.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.50 £18.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year - +5.71% +29.63%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 6,386 7,037 11,618
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.42% 13.67% 12.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,113 4,294 7,312
10th Percentile £225 £178 £202
25th Percentile £350 £313 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £425 £425
Median % change year-on-year +5.88% - +2.41%
75th Percentile £538 £525 £538
90th Percentile £625 £613 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £413
% change year-on-year - -3.03% +6.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 292 404 533
10th Percentile £12.92 £13.25 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.49 £16.25 £14.50
Median hourly rate £28.00 £21.00 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year +33.33% +10.53% +1.60%
75th Percentile £50.00 £46.25 £44.50
90th Percentile £63.23 £53.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £19.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +26.32% +8.57% -2.94%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Daily rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 11 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -41 536 £425 +6.25% 256
UK excluding London -6 335 £390 -0.89% 202
London -44 201 £450 +1.12% 74
Work from Home -136 177 £450 +2.86% 51
South East +53 127 £425 +15.65% 48
North of England -16 56 £338 -7.53% 61
Midlands -1 53 £388 -25.08% 36
South West +41 42 £375 -1.64% 27
West Midlands -23 37 £363 -35.56% 22
East of England -3 36 £325 -13.33% 9
North West +3 30 £338 -15.63% 36
Yorkshire +7 23 £425 +32.81% 20
Scotland -16 22 £413 +3.13% 17
East Midlands +22 17 £419 +99.40% 14
North East +5 3 £220 -39.52% 5
Wales +5 3 £250 -44.44% 3

For the 6 months to 11 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 280 (44.23%) Firewall
2 268 (42.34%) Windows
3 250 (39.49%) Cisco
4 218 (34.44%) Microsoft
5 205 (32.39%) Active Directory
6 195 (30.81%) WAN
7 179 (28.28%) Azure
8 169 (26.70%) Microsoft 365
9 138 (21.80%) LAN
10 136 (21.48%) DNS
10 136 (21.48%) Social Skills
11 124 (19.59%) VMware
12 115 (18.17%) Cisco Certification
13 109 (17.22%) TCP/IP
14 106 (16.75%) Security Cleared
15 105 (16.59%) Network Security
16 104 (16.43%) Microsoft Office
17 102 (16.11%) MPLS
18 98 (15.48%) Linux
19 97 (15.32%) Wireless
20 94 (14.85%) VMware Infrastructure
21 92 (14.53%) Windows Server
22 91 (14.38%) Windows 10
23 90 (14.22%) DevOps
24 89 (14.06%) BGP
25 88 (13.90%) Migration
26 87 (13.74%) DHCP
27 83 (13.11%) Agile Software Development
27 83 (13.11%) Data Centre
28 80 (12.64%) AWS

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (5.21%) SharePoint
2 31 (4.90%) Confluence
3 13 (2.05%) WebSphere
4 11 (1.74%) IIS
4 11 (1.74%) Skype for Business
5 10 (1.58%) MS Exchange
6 6 (0.95%) WebLogic
7 5 (0.79%) NetWeaver
8 4 (0.63%) JBoss
9 3 (0.47%) Oracle Service Bus
10 2 (0.32%) Apache
10 2 (0.32%) Exchange Server 2010
10 2 (0.32%) IBM Notes
11 1 (0.16%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
11 1 (0.16%) Elasticsearch
11 1 (0.16%) Exchange Server 2013
11 1 (0.16%) IBM Domino
11 1 (0.16%) OpenStack
11 1 (0.16%) Tomcat
11 1 (0.16%) TPMS
Applications
1 104 (16.43%) Microsoft Office
2 32 (5.06%) MS Visio
3 26 (4.11%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.16%) Acrobat
Business Applications
1 2 (0.32%) assyst
2 1 (0.16%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 179 (28.28%) Azure
2 169 (26.70%) Microsoft 365
3 80 (12.64%) AWS
4 52 (8.21%) Azure Active Directory
5 46 (7.27%) SaaS
6 40 (6.32%) PaaS
7 36 (5.69%) IaaS
8 26 (4.11%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 23 (3.63%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 16 (2.53%) GCP
11 15 (2.37%) Serverless
12 12 (1.90%) AWS Lambda
12 12 (1.90%) GitHub
13 11 (1.74%) AWS Direct Connect
14 9 (1.42%) Amazon ECS
14 9 (1.42%) Route 53
15 8 (1.26%) Amazon EC2
15 8 (1.26%) Amazon S3
15 8 (1.26%) Cloud Computing
16 7 (1.11%) Mimecast
Communications & Networking
1 280 (44.23%) Firewall
2 195 (30.81%) WAN
3 138 (21.80%) LAN
4 136 (21.48%) DNS
5 109 (17.22%) TCP/IP
6 105 (16.59%) Network Security
7 102 (16.11%) MPLS
8 97 (15.32%) Wireless
9 89 (14.06%) BGP
10 87 (13.74%) DHCP
11 76 (12.01%) OSPF
11 76 (12.01%) VLAN
12 65 (10.27%) SSL
13 60 (9.48%) Wi-Fi
14 59 (9.32%) Internet
15 54 (8.53%) IPsec
16 52 (8.21%) VoIP
17 51 (8.06%) SD-WAN
18 42 (6.64%) SNMP
19 33 (5.21%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (4.11%) SQL Server
2 14 (2.21%) DB2
3 12 (1.90%) MySQL
4 11 (1.74%) Azure SQL Database
5 8 (1.26%) Relational Database
6 7 (1.11%) Amazon RDS
7 6 (0.95%) Oracle Database
8 5 (0.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 5 (0.79%) SAP HANA
8 5 (0.79%) SQL Server 2012
8 5 (0.79%) SQL Server 2016
9 4 (0.63%) Apache Cassandra
9 4 (0.63%) NoSQL
10 3 (0.47%) Data Warehouse
10 3 (0.47%) PostgreSQL
11 2 (0.32%) Amazon Redshift
12 1 (0.16%) Electronic Patient Records
12 1 (0.16%) MongoDB
12 1 (0.16%) Oracle Exadata
12 1 (0.16%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 40 (6.32%) JIRA
2 20 (3.16%) Jenkins
3 17 (2.69%) GitLab
4 13 (2.05%) Git (software)
5 7 (1.11%) Selenium
5 7 (1.11%) Team Foundation Server
6 5 (0.79%) SonarQube
7 4 (0.63%) Artifactory
7 4 (0.63%) Maven
8 3 (0.47%) JMeter
8 3 (0.47%) MSI
8 3 (0.47%) Postman
8 3 (0.47%) Sonatype Nexus
9 2 (0.32%) Bitbucket
9 2 (0.32%) CocoaPods
9 2 (0.32%) Cucumber
9 2 (0.32%) Hudson
9 2 (0.32%) JUnit
9 2 (0.32%) VSS/SourceSafe
10 1 (0.16%) Visual Studio
General
1 136 (21.48%) Social Skills
2 66 (10.43%) Telecoms
3 59 (9.32%) Finance
4 55 (8.69%) Public Sector
5 29 (4.58%) Documentation Skills
6 24 (3.79%) Banking
7 22 (3.48%) Manufacturing
8 20 (3.16%) Analytical Skills
9 18 (2.84%) Marketing
10 16 (2.53%) Electronics
11 11 (1.74%) Publishing
12 9 (1.42%) Influencing Skills
12 9 (1.42%) Presentation Skills
13 8 (1.26%) Legal
13 8 (1.26%) Organisational Skills
14 7 (1.11%) Billing
15 5 (0.79%) Law
16 3 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
16 3 (0.47%) Retail
16 3 (0.47%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 108 (17.06%) Network Engineer
2 98 (15.48%) Architect
3 54 (8.53%) Support Engineer
4 51 (8.06%) Analyst
5 42 (6.64%) Consultant
6 34 (5.37%) Network Architect
7 33 (5.21%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 32 (5.06%) Security Engineer
9 29 (4.58%) IT Support
10 28 (4.42%) Azure Engineer
11 26 (4.11%) Microsoft 365 Engineer
12 24 (3.79%) Cloud Engineer
12 24 (3.79%) Designer
13 23 (3.63%) DevOps Engineer
14 20 (3.16%) 2nd Line Support
15 19 (3.00%) 2nd Line Engineer
15 19 (3.00%) Infrastructure Architect
15 19 (3.00%) Solutions Architect
16 17 (2.69%) IT Engineer
17 16 (2.53%) IT Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 34 (5.37%) 802.1X
2 15 (2.37%) CSS
2 15 (2.37%) Web Services
3 12 (1.90%) HTML
4 9 (1.42%) WebSphere MQ
5 7 (1.11%) Express
5 7 (1.11%) Middleware
5 7 (1.11%) SAML
6 6 (0.95%) Kafka
6 6 (0.95%) LDAP
6 6 (0.95%) REST
7 5 (0.79%) SAP Basis
8 4 (0.63%) JSON
8 4 (0.63%) LAMP
8 4 (0.63%) Node.js
8 4 (0.63%) OAuth
8 4 (0.63%) Oracle GoldenGate
8 4 (0.63%) RESTful
8 4 (0.63%) Sensu
8 4 (0.63%) Spine.js
Miscellaneous
1 83 (13.11%) Data Centre
2 43 (6.79%) PKI
3 31 (4.90%) Management Information System
4 26 (4.11%) Public Cloud
5 23 (3.63%) Self-Motivation
6 22 (3.48%) Hybrid Cloud
7 13 (2.05%) Social Media
7 13 (2.05%) Virtual Team
8 12 (1.90%) Mobile App
9 9 (1.42%) Cloud Native
10 8 (1.26%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 7 (1.11%) NHS
11 7 (1.11%) Smartphone
12 6 (0.95%) iPhone
13 5 (0.79%) Internet of Things
13 5 (0.79%) Replication
14 4 (0.63%) Driving Licence
14 4 (0.63%) Linux Command Line
14 4 (0.63%) Private Cloud
15 3 (0.47%) Cyber Defence
Operating Systems
1 268 (42.34%) Windows
2 98 (15.48%) Linux
3 92 (14.53%) Windows Server
4 91 (14.38%) Windows 10
5 51 (8.06%) Windows 7
6 28 (4.42%) Android
7 27 (4.27%) Windows Server 2012
8 21 (3.32%) Windows Mobile
9 20 (3.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 20 (3.16%) Windows Server 2016
10 19 (3.00%) Windows Server 2008
11 18 (2.84%) Apple iOS
11 18 (2.84%) Unix
12 13 (2.05%) Windows Server 2019
13 12 (1.90%) Mac OS
13 12 (1.90%) Windows 8
14 9 (1.42%) CentOS
15 6 (0.95%) Windows Server 2003
16 5 (0.79%) AIX
16 5 (0.79%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 90 (14.22%) DevOps
2 88 (13.90%) Migration
3 83 (13.11%) Agile Software Development
4 69 (10.90%) ITIL
5 60 (9.48%) Network Design
6 56 (8.85%) Load Balancing
7 45 (7.11%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 45 (7.11%) Problem-Solving
8 42 (6.64%) Kalman Filter
9 35 (5.53%) Network Management
10 34 (5.37%) Change Management
11 32 (5.06%) Mentoring
12 31 (4.90%) Infrastructure as Code
12 31 (4.90%) SIEM
13 29 (4.58%) Continuous Integration
13 29 (4.58%) Web Filtering
14 28 (4.42%) Analytics
14 28 (4.42%) Service Management
15 27 (4.27%) Network Virtualisation
16 25 (3.95%) Network Architecture
Programming Languages
1 54 (8.53%) PowerShell
2 40 (6.32%) Python
3 31 (4.90%) SQL
4 16 (2.53%) Bash Shell
4 16 (2.53%) Java
5 10 (1.58%) JavaScript
5 10 (1.58%) Shell Script
6 8 (1.26%) C
7 6 (0.95%) Perl
8 5 (0.79%) Go
9 4 (0.63%) Java 8
10 3 (0.47%) VBScript
11 2 (0.32%) Apple Swift
11 2 (0.32%) PHP
11 2 (0.32%) Ruby
12 1 (0.16%) Groovy
12 1 (0.16%) PL/SQL
12 1 (0.16%) Rust
12 1 (0.16%) TypeScript
12 1 (0.16%) XPath
Qualifications
1 115 (18.17%) Cisco Certification
2 106 (16.75%) Security Cleared
3 75 (11.85%) CCNP
4 74 (11.69%) SC Cleared
5 64 (10.11%) CCNA
6 49 (7.74%) Degree
7 37 (5.85%) CCIE
8 32 (5.06%) Microsoft Certification
9 22 (3.48%) DV Cleared
10 14 (2.21%) CISSP
10 14 (2.21%) MCSE
11 12 (1.90%) CCDP
12 11 (1.74%) CCIE Service Provider
13 10 (1.58%) Computer Science Degree
13 10 (1.58%) JNCIA
13 10 (1.58%) JNCIS
14 9 (1.42%) AWS Certification
14 9 (1.42%) JNCIP
15 8 (1.26%) DBS Check
15 8 (1.26%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (8.06%) SLA
2 9 (1.42%) QA
3 8 (1.26%) GDPR
3 8 (1.26%) PCI DSS
4 7 (1.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.79%) COBIT
6 3 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.47%) NIST
7 2 (0.32%) Government Security Classifications
7 2 (0.32%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 2 (0.32%) NCSC
7 2 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.32%) SEPA
8 1 (0.16%) BS25999
8 1 (0.16%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.16%) HL7
8 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 205 (32.39%) Active Directory
2 94 (14.85%) VMware Infrastructure
3 34 (5.37%) Hyper-V
4 26 (4.11%) Docker
5 25 (3.95%) vSphere
6 20 (3.16%) VMware ESXi
7 17 (2.69%) VMware NSX
8 16 (2.53%) Virtual Machines
9 12 (1.90%) ProxySG
10 6 (0.95%) Firmware
11 5 (0.79%) XenApp
12 4 (0.63%) KVM
12 4 (0.63%) Microsoft App-V
12 4 (0.63%) Snort
12 4 (0.63%) Virtual Desktop
13 3 (0.47%) NFS
13 3 (0.47%) XenDesktop
14 2 (0.32%) BitLocker
14 2 (0.32%) DFS Replication
14 2 (0.32%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 48 (7.58%) Ansible
2 45 (7.11%) SCCM
3 42 (6.64%) Terraform
4 41 (6.48%) Microsoft Intune
5 35 (5.53%) Kubernetes
6 21 (3.32%) Single Sign-On
7 12 (1.90%) Puppet
8 10 (1.58%) FortiGate
8 10 (1.58%) Nagios
8 10 (1.58%) Prometheus
9 9 (1.42%) AirWatch
10 8 (1.26%) HP NNM
11 7 (1.11%) Cisco Prime
11 7 (1.11%) Istio
11 7 (1.11%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 7 (1.11%) WSUS
12 6 (0.95%) Grafana
12 6 (0.95%) SCOM
12 6 (0.95%) SolarWinds Orion
12 6 (0.95%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 250 (39.49%) Cisco
2 218 (34.44%) Microsoft
3 124 (19.59%) VMware
4 65 (10.27%) Juniper
5 53 (8.37%) Citrix
6 47 (7.42%) F5
7 42 (6.64%) CheckPoint
8 39 (6.16%) Palo Alto
9 38 (6.00%) Meraki
9 38 (6.00%) Oracle
10 36 (5.69%) HP
11 34 (5.37%) Fortinet
12 31 (4.90%) Red Hat
13 30 (4.74%) Apple
14 25 (3.95%) Blue Coat
14 25 (3.95%) SAP
15 23 (3.63%) SolarWinds
16 20 (3.16%) IBM
17 17 (2.69%) Dell
17 17 (2.69%) Ivanti