Period
to 26 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 26 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
26 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 223 218 230
Rank change year-on-year -5 +12 -22
Contract jobs citing VPN 1,255 1,193 1,278
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.22% 1.20% 1.20%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.22% 8.86% 7.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 772 689 839
UK median daily rate £400 £400 £393
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +1.91% +4.67%
10th Percentile £150 £150 £175
90th Percentile £600 £550 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £388 £350
% change year-on-year - +10.71% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 79 96 62
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £19.00 £19.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.63% -2.56% +14.71%
10th Percentile £12.23 £12.33 £10.51
90th Percentile £35.86 £50.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.81 £19.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -11.53% - +15.15%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 13,612 13,471 16,609
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.25% 13.60% 15.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,265 8,163 10,106
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £200 £193 £220
90th Percentile £608 £585 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 713 742 831
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £19.00 £24.30
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.26% -21.81% +21.50%
10th Percentile £12.20 £10.96 £11.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £48.75 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £18.96 £25.00
% change year-on-year +0.21% -24.16% +25.00%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing VPN.

Contractor daily rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 26 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN.

Contractor hourly rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 26 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 26 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 1,161 £400 - 359
UK excluding London -23 695 £388 - 276
London +18 533 £400 -5.82% 113
South East -38 219 £400 +3.09% 74
North of England -31 149 £413 +3.13% 78
Midlands -18 112 £375 -6.25% 34
East of England +29 93 £375 +42.86% 34
North West -28 76 £425 +8.97% 42
West Midlands -37 69 £413 +3.13% 23
Yorkshire -25 61 £413 -11.29% 31
South West -30 54 £380 +3.40% 27
East Midlands +34 42 £315 +152.00% 11
Scotland -30 38 £280 -25.33% 17
Wales +9 32 £425 +41.67% 10
North East -4 13 £300 -14.89% 5
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 3

For the 6 months to 26 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 643 (51.24%) Firewall
2 517 (41.20%) Cisco
3 499 (39.76%) Windows
4 375 (29.88%) WAN
5 370 (29.48%) Active Directory
6 365 (29.08%) Microsoft
7 352 (28.05%) LAN
8 291 (23.19%) DNS
9 283 (22.55%) Microsoft Azure
10 282 (22.47%) TCP/IP
11 244 (19.44%) MPLS
12 243 (19.36%) Cisco Certification
13 238 (18.96%) VMware
14 234 (18.65%) ITIL
15 218 (17.37%) Wireless
16 206 (16.41%) CheckPoint
16 206 (16.41%) BGP
17 201 (16.02%) Juniper
17 201 (16.02%) Linux
18 200 (15.94%) Office 365
19 197 (15.70%) Amazon AWS
19 197 (15.70%) Security Cleared
20 188 (14.98%) Network Security
21 187 (14.90%) CCNP
22 186 (14.82%) OSPF
22 186 (14.82%) Data Centre
23 184 (14.66%) DHCP
24 176 (14.02%) Windows Server
25 175 (13.94%) Finance
26 168 (13.39%) Microsoft Office

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (7.49%) MS Exchange
2 60 (4.78%) Skype for Business
3 53 (4.22%) SharePoint
4 44 (3.51%) Exchange Server 2010
5 32 (2.55%) Exchange Server 2013
6 28 (2.23%) Apache
7 26 (2.07%) Confluence
8 22 (1.75%) IIS
9 20 (1.59%) Apache Spark
10 19 (1.51%) nginx
11 18 (1.43%) Elasticsearch
12 12 (0.96%) Exchange Server 2003
12 12 (0.96%) Exchange Server 2007
12 12 (0.96%) OpenStack
13 11 (0.88%) Tomcat
14 10 (0.80%) IBM Notes
15 8 (0.64%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
15 8 (0.64%) WebSphere
16 5 (0.40%) Apache Solr
16 5 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 168 (13.39%) Microsoft Office
2 30 (2.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 30 (2.39%) MS Visio
3 7 (0.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.24%) Mozilla Thunderbird
5 1 (0.080%) Acrobat
5 1 (0.080%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 9 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.40%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.080%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.080%) Eikon
3 1 (0.080%) Oracle Cash Management
3 1 (0.080%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.080%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 283 (22.55%) Microsoft Azure
2 200 (15.94%) Office 365
3 197 (15.70%) Amazon AWS
4 67 (5.34%) IaaS
5 64 (5.10%) SaaS
6 52 (4.14%) PaaS
7 44 (3.51%) Azure Active Directory
8 34 (2.71%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 26 (2.07%) Amazon EC2
9 26 (2.07%) Amazon S3
10 21 (1.67%) GitHub
11 18 (1.43%) Google Cloud Platform
12 17 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
13 15 (1.20%) Serverless
14 14 (1.12%) OneDrive
15 13 (1.04%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 11 (0.88%) AWS CloudFormation
17 10 (0.80%) Amazon ELB
17 10 (0.80%) AWS Lambda
18 9 (0.72%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 643 (51.24%) Firewall
2 375 (29.88%) WAN
3 352 (28.05%) LAN
4 291 (23.19%) DNS
5 282 (22.47%) TCP/IP
6 244 (19.44%) MPLS
7 218 (17.37%) Wireless
8 206 (16.41%) BGP
9 188 (14.98%) Network Security
10 186 (14.82%) OSPF
11 184 (14.66%) DHCP
12 164 (13.07%) Cisco ASA
13 151 (12.03%) IPsec
14 147 (11.71%) VLAN
15 130 (10.36%) Internet
16 129 (10.28%) SSL
17 112 (8.92%) VoIP
18 100 (7.97%) Cisco Nexus
19 82 (6.53%) Wi-Fi
20 81 (6.45%) EIGRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (4.30%) SQL Server
2 32 (2.55%) Hadoop
3 30 (2.39%) Big Data
3 30 (2.39%) PostgreSQL
4 28 (2.23%) MySQL
5 25 (1.99%) Relational Database
6 18 (1.43%) Amazon RDS
7 17 (1.35%) HBase
8 16 (1.27%) NoSQL
9 14 (1.12%) Apache Hive
10 13 (1.04%) Amazon Redshift
11 12 (0.96%) Redis
12 11 (0.88%) Apache Cassandra
12 11 (0.88%) SQL Server 2012
13 10 (0.80%) Data Warehouse
13 10 (0.80%) Power BI
13 10 (0.80%) SQL Server 2008
14 8 (0.64%) Data Lake
15 7 (0.56%) RDBMS
15 7 (0.56%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 71 (5.66%) Jenkins
2 39 (3.11%) Git (software)
2 39 (3.11%) JIRA
3 18 (1.43%) VSS/SourceSafe
4 13 (1.04%) Visual Studio Team System
5 12 (0.96%) Team Foundation Server
6 10 (0.80%) SoapUI
7 9 (0.72%) Cucumber
7 9 (0.72%) Selenium
7 9 (0.72%) Sonatype Nexus
7 9 (0.72%) WebDriver
8 7 (0.56%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 7 (0.56%) Bitbucket
8 7 (0.56%) CircleCI
9 6 (0.48%) Gerrit
10 5 (0.40%) Artifactory
10 5 (0.40%) FishEye
10 5 (0.40%) Subversion
11 4 (0.32%) GitLab
12 3 (0.24%) Robot Framework
General
1 175 (13.94%) Finance
2 109 (8.69%) Telecoms
3 36 (2.87%) Legal
4 35 (2.79%) Law
4 35 (2.79%) Retail
5 21 (1.67%) Banking
6 12 (0.96%) Games
6 12 (0.96%) Manufacturing
7 11 (0.88%) Financial Institution
8 10 (0.80%) Back Office
9 9 (0.72%) Multimedia
10 8 (0.64%) Advertising
10 8 (0.64%) German Language
11 7 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
12 5 (0.40%) French Language
12 5 (0.40%) Marketing
13 4 (0.32%) Automotive
13 4 (0.32%) Italian Language
13 4 (0.32%) Publishing
14 3 (0.24%) Portuguese Language
Job Titles
1 271 (21.59%) Network Engineer
2 184 (14.66%) Analyst
3 137 (10.92%) Architect
4 95 (7.57%) Support Engineer
5 76 (6.06%) Security Engineer
6 72 (5.74%) Consultant
7 70 (5.58%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 67 (5.34%) Desktop Support
9 65 (5.18%) DevOps Engineer
9 65 (5.18%) IT Support
10 64 (5.10%) Service Analyst
11 63 (5.02%) Service Desk Analyst
12 59 (4.70%) Support Analyst
13 57 (4.54%) Network Security Engineer
14 55 (4.38%) 2nd Line Support
15 50 (3.98%) Cisco Engineer
16 45 (3.59%) Cloud Engineer
17 44 (3.51%) Network Architect
18 43 (3.43%) Senior Network Engineer
19 42 (3.35%) Cisco Network Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 60 (4.78%) 802.1X
2 44 (3.51%) Web Services
3 31 (2.47%) LDAP
4 29 (2.31%) SAML
5 25 (1.99%) JSON
6 22 (1.75%) REST
7 21 (1.67%) OAuth
8 20 (1.59%) XML
9 19 (1.51%) Elastic Stack
10 18 (1.43%) LAMP
11 15 (1.20%) HTML
12 14 (1.12%) Middleware
13 9 (0.72%) Kafka
13 9 (0.72%) OpenID
13 9 (0.72%) SOAP
14 7 (0.56%) LEMP Stack
14 7 (0.56%) React
15 6 (0.48%) .NET
15 6 (0.48%) HTML5
15 6 (0.48%) Sensu
Miscellaneous
1 186 (14.82%) Data Centre
2 75 (5.98%) Analytical Skills
3 57 (4.54%) PKI
4 52 (4.14%) Public Cloud
5 49 (3.90%) Blackberry
6 43 (3.43%) Management Information System
7 30 (2.39%) Self-Motivation
8 29 (2.31%) Replication
9 25 (1.99%) Smartphone
10 22 (1.75%) iPhone
11 20 (1.59%) Computer Science
11 20 (1.59%) Video Conferencing
12 19 (1.51%) Driving Licence
13 17 (1.35%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 16 (1.27%) Mobile App
15 14 (1.12%) iPad
15 14 (1.12%) NHS
16 13 (1.04%) Hybrid Cloud
17 12 (0.96%) Cloud Native
17 12 (0.96%) RSA SecurID
Operating Systems
1 499 (39.76%) Windows
2 201 (16.02%) Linux
3 176 (14.02%) Windows Server
4 152 (12.11%) Windows 10
5 125 (9.96%) Windows 7
6 77 (6.14%) Windows Server 2008
7 71 (5.66%) Unix
8 70 (5.58%) Windows Server 2012
9 57 (4.54%) Android
10 54 (4.30%) Windows XP
11 50 (3.98%) Apple iOS
12 49 (3.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 30 (2.39%) CentOS
14 26 (2.07%) Mac OS X
14 26 (2.07%) Windows 8
15 24 (1.91%) Windows Server 2003
16 21 (1.67%) Ubuntu
17 14 (1.12%) Mac OS
18 11 (0.88%) Check Point GAiA
19 8 (0.64%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 234 (18.65%) ITIL
2 132 (10.52%) DevOps
3 114 (9.08%) Load Balancing
4 97 (7.73%) Migration
5 91 (7.25%) Problem-Solving
6 89 (7.09%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 82 (6.53%) Network Design
8 77 (6.14%) Agile Software Development
9 74 (5.90%) Configuration Management
10 68 (5.42%) Service Management
11 64 (5.10%) Change Management
12 61 (4.86%) Service Delivery
13 57 (4.54%) Information Security
14 54 (4.30%) Continuous Integration
15 51 (4.06%) Disaster Recovery
15 51 (4.06%) Problem Management
16 49 (3.90%) Project Management
17 48 (3.82%) Network Management
18 47 (3.75%) ITIL V3
19 46 (3.67%) Kalman Filter
Programming Languages
1 108 (8.61%) PowerShell
2 84 (6.69%) SQL
3 54 (4.30%) Python
4 52 (4.14%) Bash Shell
5 39 (3.11%) Java
6 27 (2.15%) Perl
7 23 (1.83%) JavaScript
8 22 (1.75%) Ruby
8 22 (1.75%) Shell Script
9 21 (1.67%) C
10 12 (0.96%) VB
11 10 (0.80%) Groovy
12 9 (0.72%) PHP
13 6 (0.48%) R
13 6 (0.48%) Scala
14 5 (0.40%) Go
14 5 (0.40%) VBScript
15 4 (0.32%) C++
16 3 (0.24%) T-SQL
16 3 (0.24%) VBA
Qualifications
1 243 (19.36%) Cisco Certification
2 197 (15.70%) Security Cleared
3 187 (14.90%) CCNP
4 147 (11.71%) SC Cleared
5 104 (8.29%) CCNA
6 58 (4.62%) Microsoft Certification
7 50 (3.98%) Degree
8 47 (3.75%) CCIE
9 45 (3.59%) DV Cleared
10 31 (2.47%) JNCIS
11 29 (2.31%) CCSE
11 29 (2.31%) MCSE
12 28 (2.23%) CISSP
12 28 (2.23%) MCSA
13 26 (2.07%) CCDP
14 25 (1.99%) ITIL Certification
14 25 (1.99%) MCP
15 22 (1.75%) JNCIA
16 21 (1.67%) JNCIP
17 19 (1.51%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 92 (7.33%) SLA
2 44 (3.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 16 (1.27%) QA
4 15 (1.20%) GDPR
5 13 (1.04%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 12 (0.96%) PCI DSS
7 9 (0.72%) FedRAMP
7 9 (0.72%) HIPAA
8 8 (0.64%) Disclosure Scotland
9 7 (0.56%) COBIT
10 6 (0.48%) Data Quality
11 5 (0.40%) NIST 800
12 4 (0.32%) RMADS
13 3 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
14 2 (0.16%) Government Security Classifications
14 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 1 (0.080%) HMG Security Policy Framework
15 1 (0.080%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 1 (0.080%) PMO
15 1 (0.080%) PSD2
System Software
1 370 (29.48%) Active Directory
2 161 (12.83%) VMware Infrastructure
3 85 (6.77%) Hyper-V
4 75 (5.98%) Docker
5 47 (3.75%) vSphere
6 40 (3.19%) Virtual Machines
7 39 (3.11%) BitLocker
8 30 (2.39%) XenApp
9 27 (2.15%) VMware NSX
9 27 (2.15%) XenDesktop
10 22 (1.75%) VMware ESXi
11 21 (1.67%) NFS
12 20 (1.59%) Microsoft App-V
13 19 (1.51%) Virtual Desktop
14 12 (0.96%) HDFS
14 12 (0.96%) Terminal Services
15 11 (0.88%) VirtualBox
16 10 (0.80%) Virtual Servers
16 10 (0.80%) VMware Server
17 9 (0.72%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 105 (8.37%) SCCM
2 96 (7.65%) Ansible
3 68 (5.42%) Terraform
4 47 (3.75%) Kubernetes
5 40 (3.19%) Puppet
6 39 (3.11%) Opscode Chef
7 35 (2.79%) Microsoft Intune
8 34 (2.71%) FortiGate
9 30 (2.39%) Single Sign-On
10 26 (2.07%) Backup Exec
10 26 (2.07%) WSUS
11 25 (1.99%) SCOM
12 23 (1.83%) Nagios
13 21 (1.67%) Norton AntiVirus
14 17 (1.35%) AirWatch
15 14 (1.12%) Cacti
16 13 (1.04%) Cisco Prime
16 13 (1.04%) Hadoop YARN
17 12 (0.96%) Cisco CUCM
17 12 (0.96%) McAfee ePO
Vendors
1 517 (41.20%) Cisco
2 365 (29.08%) Microsoft
3 238 (18.96%) VMware
4 206 (16.41%) CheckPoint
5 201 (16.02%) Juniper
6 163 (12.99%) Citrix
7 99 (7.89%) HP
8 97 (7.73%) F5
8 97 (7.73%) Palo Alto
9 75 (5.98%) McAfee
10 68 (5.42%) Oracle
11 63 (5.02%) SolarWinds
12 62 (4.94%) Aruba
13 58 (4.62%) Fortinet
14 47 (3.75%) Apple
15 46 (3.67%) Red Hat
16 40 (3.19%) Sophos
17 37 (2.95%) Meraki
17 37 (2.95%) Veeam
18 33 (2.63%) Ivanti