Period
to 22 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 22 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 193 230 229
Rank change year-on-year +37 -1 -8
Contract jobs citing VPN 1,218 1,289 1,178
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.44% 1.25% 1.19%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.81% 9.48% 8.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 725 789 683
UK median daily rate £400 £400 £400
10th Percentile £153 £150 £151
90th Percentile £600 £588 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £363 £378 £380
% change year-on-year -3.97% -0.66% +5.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 68 73 93
UK median hourly rate £18.06 £17.50 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.17% -7.89% -5.00%
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.23 £12.55
90th Percentile £82.50 £36.34 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £15.41 £19.00
% change year-on-year +13.58% -18.91% -

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 11,264 13,602 13,516
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.28% 13.17% 13.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,796 8,190 8,242
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% -
10th Percentile £195 £200 £188
90th Percentile £600 £600 £581
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 619 666 724
UK median hourly rate £31.50 £19.00 £19.32
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +65.79% -1.63% -15.41%
10th Percentile £13.50 £12.20 £11.32
90th Percentile £53.75 £48.75 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.12 £18.79 £19.56
% change year-on-year +33.69% -3.95% -21.75%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing VPN.

Contractor daily rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN.

Contractor hourly rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +36 1,146 £400 - 469
UK excluding London +53 709 £363 -3.97% 359
London +22 474 £448 +8.48% 138
South East +72 289 £425 +9.68% 115
North of England +4 126 £325 -16.40% 81
Midlands +63 118 £375 - 59
South West +8 80 £375 -1.32% 40
West Midlands +44 76 £375 - 38
North West -1 73 £320 -17.68% 40
East of England -10 52 £288 -23.33% 36
Yorkshire +11 44 £333 -19.05% 31
East Midlands +21 41 £375 +15.38% 21
Scotland +28 29 £325 +8.33% 16
Wales +11 17 £440 +3.53% 10
North East +4 10 £513 +81.42% 10

For the 6 months to 22 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 600 (49.26%) Firewall
2 523 (42.94%) Cisco
3 475 (39.00%) Windows
4 385 (31.61%) WAN
5 365 (29.97%) Active Directory
6 352 (28.90%) Microsoft
7 333 (27.34%) LAN
8 323 (26.52%) DNS
9 319 (26.19%) TCP/IP
10 265 (21.76%) Azure
11 264 (21.67%) Cisco Certification
12 256 (21.02%) Office 365
13 247 (20.28%) Security Cleared
14 221 (18.14%) Linux
15 215 (17.65%) MPLS
16 212 (17.41%) BGP
17 207 (17.00%) AWS
18 192 (15.76%) VMware
19 189 (15.52%) SC Cleared
20 188 (15.44%) DHCP
21 183 (15.02%) Data Centre
22 181 (14.86%) Microsoft Office
23 180 (14.78%) ITIL
24 176 (14.45%) OSPF
25 174 (14.29%) Internet
26 173 (14.20%) Juniper
26 173 (14.20%) CCNP
27 167 (13.71%) Wireless
28 166 (13.63%) CheckPoint
29 156 (12.81%) Windows Server

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (6.57%) MS Exchange
2 73 (5.99%) SharePoint
3 44 (3.61%) Skype for Business
4 40 (3.28%) Exchange Server 2010
5 30 (2.46%) OpenStack
6 28 (2.30%) IIS
7 26 (2.13%) Confluence
8 17 (1.40%) nginx
9 13 (1.07%) Exchange Server 2013
10 8 (0.66%) Apache
11 7 (0.57%) IBM Notes
12 6 (0.49%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
12 6 (0.49%) Elasticsearch
12 6 (0.49%) Exchange Server 2003
13 4 (0.33%) Exchange Server 2007
14 3 (0.25%) SharePoint 2013
14 3 (0.25%) Tomcat
15 2 (0.16%) Cloud Foundry
15 2 (0.16%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 2 (0.16%) WordPress
Applications
1 181 (14.86%) Microsoft Office
2 33 (2.71%) MS Visio
3 24 (1.97%) Microsoft Excel
4 16 (1.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.41%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.082%) Acrobat
Business Applications
1 9 (0.74%) Remedy ITSM
2 8 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.41%) assyst
4 2 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.16%) R3 Corda
4 2 (0.16%) RMDS
5 1 (0.082%) Eikon
5 1 (0.082%) Global One
5 1 (0.082%) Magento
5 1 (0.082%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.082%) Sage 1000
Cloud Services
1 265 (21.76%) Azure
2 256 (21.02%) Office 365
3 207 (17.00%) AWS
4 107 (8.78%) PaaS
5 98 (8.05%) IaaS
6 94 (7.72%) SaaS
7 70 (5.75%) Azure Active Directory
8 62 (5.09%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 46 (3.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 42 (3.45%) Amazon EC2
11 36 (2.96%) AWS CloudFormation
11 36 (2.96%) Cloud Computing
12 28 (2.30%) Serverless
13 27 (2.22%) AWS Lambda
14 26 (2.13%) OneDrive
15 23 (1.89%) Amazon ECS
15 23 (1.89%) Amazon S3
16 21 (1.72%) GitHub
17 14 (1.15%) Mimecast
18 13 (1.07%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 600 (49.26%) Firewall
2 385 (31.61%) WAN
3 333 (27.34%) LAN
4 323 (26.52%) DNS
5 319 (26.19%) TCP/IP
6 215 (17.65%) MPLS
7 212 (17.41%) BGP
8 188 (15.44%) DHCP
9 176 (14.45%) OSPF
10 174 (14.29%) Internet
11 167 (13.71%) Wireless
12 147 (12.07%) VLAN
13 140 (11.49%) Cisco ASA
14 137 (11.25%) Network Security
15 122 (10.02%) VoIP
16 115 (9.44%) Wi-Fi
17 112 (9.20%) IPsec
18 101 (8.29%) Ethernet
19 100 (8.21%) SAN
20 98 (8.05%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (4.19%) SQL Server
2 40 (3.28%) Amazon RDS
3 24 (1.97%) PostgreSQL
4 17 (1.40%) Azure SQL Database
5 10 (0.82%) Oracle Database
6 9 (0.74%) MySQL
6 9 (0.74%) Oracle Reports
7 8 (0.66%) Data Warehouse
7 8 (0.66%) Power BI
8 7 (0.57%) Relational Database
9 6 (0.49%) SQL Server 2012
10 5 (0.41%) SQL Server 2016
10 5 (0.41%) SQL Server 2017
11 4 (0.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 4 (0.33%) NoSQL
12 3 (0.25%) Apache Cassandra
12 3 (0.25%) Blockchain
13 2 (0.16%) Big Data
13 2 (0.16%) SQL Server 2008
13 2 (0.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 54 (4.43%) JIRA
2 52 (4.27%) Git (software)
3 49 (4.02%) Jenkins
4 20 (1.64%) GitLab
5 18 (1.48%) Vagrant
6 17 (1.40%) VSS/SourceSafe
7 15 (1.23%) Sonatype Nexus
8 14 (1.15%) Visual Studio Team System
9 8 (0.66%) Subversion
9 8 (0.66%) Visual Studio
10 5 (0.41%) CircleCI
11 4 (0.33%) JMeter
11 4 (0.33%) Team Foundation Server
11 4 (0.33%) TeamCity
12 3 (0.25%) SonarQube
13 2 (0.16%) Hudson
13 2 (0.16%) Octopus Deploy
13 2 (0.16%) Rational DOORS
13 2 (0.16%) Selenium
13 2 (0.16%) SoapUI
General
1 147 (12.07%) Finance
2 124 (10.18%) Telecoms
3 45 (3.69%) Public Sector
4 31 (2.55%) Banking
5 24 (1.97%) Law
6 23 (1.89%) Legal
7 18 (1.48%) Retail
8 14 (1.15%) Marketing
9 13 (1.07%) Manufacturing
10 12 (0.99%) Financial Institution
10 12 (0.99%) German Language
10 12 (0.99%) Publishing
11 11 (0.90%) Automotive
12 9 (0.74%) Games
12 9 (0.74%) Multimedia
13 7 (0.57%) Electronics
13 7 (0.57%) Investment Banking
14 5 (0.41%) Advertising
14 5 (0.41%) Back Office
14 5 (0.41%) French Language
Job Titles
1 317 (26.03%) Network Engineer
2 119 (9.77%) Architect
3 100 (8.21%) Support Engineer
4 99 (8.13%) Analyst
5 91 (7.47%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 63 (5.17%) Cloud Engineer
7 62 (5.09%) Desktop Support
8 61 (5.01%) DevOps Engineer
9 57 (4.68%) Cisco Engineer
10 52 (4.27%) Consultant
11 47 (3.86%) Administrator
12 44 (3.61%) Cisco Network Engineer
13 43 (3.53%) 2nd Line Support
13 43 (3.53%) Security Engineer
14 42 (3.45%) Senior Network Engineer
15 40 (3.28%) Azure Engineer
16 39 (3.20%) AWS Engineer
17 37 (3.04%) Security Architect
18 35 (2.87%) Azure Architect
19 33 (2.71%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 106 (8.70%) Web Services
2 52 (4.27%) 802.1X
3 37 (3.04%) JSON
4 18 (1.48%) Elastic Stack
5 13 (1.07%) LDAP
5 13 (1.07%) Node.js
6 12 (0.99%) Oracle Fusion
7 10 (0.82%) REST
8 8 (0.66%) .NET
9 7 (0.57%) Kafka
10 6 (0.49%) YAML
11 5 (0.41%) ASP.NET
11 5 (0.41%) HTML
12 4 (0.33%) .NET Framework
12 4 (0.33%) CSS
12 4 (0.33%) J2EE
12 4 (0.33%) LAMP
12 4 (0.33%) Middleware
12 4 (0.33%) SOAP
12 4 (0.33%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 183 (15.02%) Data Centre
2 77 (6.32%) Analytical Skills
3 66 (5.42%) Replication
4 48 (3.94%) PKI
5 37 (3.04%) Self-Motivation
6 35 (2.87%) Hybrid Cloud
7 33 (2.71%) Video Conferencing
8 32 (2.63%) Public Cloud
9 30 (2.46%) Smartphone
10 29 (2.38%) Management Information System
11 24 (1.97%) Clustering
12 23 (1.89%) Cyberthreat
13 19 (1.56%) NHS
14 17 (1.40%) Blackberry
14 17 (1.40%) Enterprise Cloud
14 17 (1.40%) iPhone
14 17 (1.40%) Linux Command Line
15 16 (1.31%) Mobile App
16 15 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
17 14 (1.15%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 475 (39.00%) Windows
2 221 (18.14%) Linux
3 156 (12.81%) Windows Server
4 143 (11.74%) Windows 10
5 134 (11.00%) Windows 7
6 63 (5.17%) Android
7 62 (5.09%) Windows Server 2012
8 49 (4.02%) Windows Server 2008
9 48 (3.94%) Apple iOS
10 44 (3.61%) Unix
11 42 (3.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 34 (2.79%) CentOS
13 31 (2.55%) Ubuntu
14 28 (2.30%) Mac OS
15 23 (1.89%) Windows XP
16 19 (1.56%) Windows Mobile
17 18 (1.48%) Windows Server 2003
18 15 (1.23%) Mac OS X
19 11 (0.90%) Check Point GAiA
20 10 (0.82%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 180 (14.78%) ITIL
2 152 (12.48%) Migration
3 135 (11.08%) DevOps
4 109 (8.95%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 101 (8.29%) Problem-Solving
6 93 (7.64%) Agile Software Development
7 87 (7.14%) Disaster Recovery
8 82 (6.73%) Network Design
9 78 (6.40%) Information Security
10 75 (6.16%) Network Management
11 74 (6.08%) Configuration Management
12 72 (5.91%) Load Balancing
13 67 (5.50%) SIEM
14 66 (5.42%) Service Delivery
15 60 (4.93%) Computer Science
15 60 (4.93%) Project Management
16 58 (4.76%) Change Management
17 55 (4.52%) Service Management
18 54 (4.43%) Project Delivery
19 51 (4.19%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 117 (9.61%) PowerShell
2 88 (7.22%) Python
3 73 (5.99%) SQL
4 67 (5.50%) Bash Shell
5 41 (3.37%) Ruby
6 36 (2.96%) Perl
7 23 (1.89%) Java
8 13 (1.07%) C
9 10 (0.82%) C#
10 8 (0.66%) JavaScript
11 6 (0.49%) C++
12 5 (0.41%) Groovy
13 3 (0.25%) Go
13 3 (0.25%) Shell Script
14 2 (0.16%) R
15 1 (0.082%) Embedded C
15 1 (0.082%) Scala
15 1 (0.082%) VB
Qualifications
1 264 (21.67%) Cisco Certification
2 247 (20.28%) Security Cleared
3 189 (15.52%) SC Cleared
4 173 (14.20%) CCNP
5 137 (11.25%) CCNA
6 90 (7.39%) Degree
7 73 (5.99%) CCIE
8 46 (3.78%) CISSP
9 40 (3.28%) Microsoft Certification
10 37 (3.04%) AWS Certification
11 30 (2.46%) ITIL Certification
12 29 (2.38%) CCDP
12 29 (2.38%) DV Cleared
12 29 (2.38%) JNCIP
13 25 (2.05%) MCP
14 20 (1.64%) CISM
15 19 (1.56%) JNCIE
16 18 (1.48%) BPSS Clearance
16 18 (1.48%) MCSE
16 18 (1.48%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 80 (6.57%) SLA
2 47 (3.86%) PCI DSS
3 38 (3.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 26 (2.13%) NIST
5 23 (1.89%) QA
6 19 (1.56%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 7 (0.57%) GDPR
7 7 (0.57%) PMO
8 4 (0.33%) NCSC
9 3 (0.25%) Cyber Essentials
10 2 (0.16%) COBIT
10 2 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 2 (0.16%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.082%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.082%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 1 (0.082%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 1 (0.082%) NIST 800
11 1 (0.082%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 365 (29.97%) Active Directory
2 119 (9.77%) VMware Infrastructure
3 92 (7.55%) Docker
4 48 (3.94%) Hyper-V
5 41 (3.37%) VMware ESXi
6 33 (2.71%) Virtual Machines
7 25 (2.05%) vSphere
8 20 (1.64%) XenApp
9 17 (1.40%) BitLocker
10 13 (1.07%) VMware NSX
11 11 (0.90%) Firmware
12 10 (0.82%) XenDesktop
13 9 (0.74%) Virtual Servers
13 9 (0.74%) VMware Workstation
14 8 (0.66%) Terminal Services
15 7 (0.57%) NFS
16 6 (0.49%) VMFS
17 5 (0.41%) VMware Server
18 4 (0.33%) ISA Server
18 4 (0.33%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 96 (7.88%) SCCM
2 79 (6.49%) Terraform
3 69 (5.67%) Ansible
4 61 (5.01%) Microsoft Intune
4 61 (5.01%) Puppet
5 45 (3.69%) Kubernetes
6 41 (3.37%) Opscode Chef
7 38 (3.12%) Packer
7 38 (3.12%) Single Sign-On
8 29 (2.38%) Suricata
9 27 (2.22%) Nagios
10 25 (2.05%) Consul
11 21 (1.72%) Cisco Prime
12 20 (1.64%) FortiGate
13 19 (1.56%) WSUS
14 16 (1.31%) Network Intrusion Detection System
15 15 (1.23%) Host Intrusion Detection System
16 14 (1.15%) OpenView
17 13 (1.07%) CASB
17 13 (1.07%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 523 (42.94%) Cisco
2 352 (28.90%) Microsoft
3 192 (15.76%) VMware
4 173 (14.20%) Juniper
5 166 (13.63%) CheckPoint
6 116 (9.52%) Palo Alto
7 106 (8.70%) F5
8 102 (8.37%) Citrix
9 88 (7.22%) SolarWinds
10 74 (6.08%) HP
11 63 (5.17%) Fortinet
12 58 (4.76%) Splunk
13 50 (4.11%) Meraki
14 45 (3.69%) ServiceNow
15 44 (3.61%) Aruba
16 41 (3.37%) Red Hat
16 41 (3.37%) Riverbed
17 40 (3.28%) Apple
17 40 (3.28%) Dell
17 40 (3.28%) McAfee