Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 258 203 193
Rank change year-on-year -55 -10 +49
Contract jobs citing VPN 761 470 1,298
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.06% 1.29% 1.42%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.30% 9.68% 11.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 483 291 838
10th Percentile £190 £175 £163
25th Percentile £313 £306 £300
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £425 £438 £414
Median % change year-on-year -2.86% +5.74% +0.30%
75th Percentile £530 £550 £520
90th Percentile £600 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £395 £400 £375
% change year-on-year -1.18% +6.67% -6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 54 40 69
10th Percentile £15.00 £15.15 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.04 £18.00 £13.13
Median hourly rate £18.00 £19.50 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year -7.69% +11.43% +14.75%
75th Percentile £39.13 £35.88 £25.39
90th Percentile £55.20 £47.00 £47.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £19.38 £17.50
% change year-on-year -17.42% +10.71% +22.38%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 8,179 4,857 11,758
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.38% 13.37% 12.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,218 3,001 7,336
10th Percentile £248 £200 £200
25th Percentile £360 £315 £315
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £438 £425
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% -
75th Percentile £550 £538 £538
90th Percentile £650 £638 £607
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +1.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 374 246 573
10th Percentile £12.00 £14.39 £12.05
25th Percentile £15.00 £17.26 £15.34
Median hourly rate £22.44 £30.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -25.22% +33.33% +18.42%
75th Percentile £49.69 £46.25 £45.00
90th Percentile £64.85 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £22.19 £21.00
% change year-on-year -9.86% +5.65% +11.17%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Daily rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -58 622 £425 -5.56% 381
UK excluding London -10 391 £395 -1.18% 291
London -81 248 £450 -9.09% 115
Work from Home -126 213 £475 +31.03% 52
South East +17 128 £425 +6.25% 81
North of England -25 80 £450 +43.43% 83
Midlands -38 58 £313 -37.50% 50
South West +15 53 £375 -11.76% 31
North West -10 47 £450 +28.57% 48
West Midlands -36 40 £375 -31.82% 28
Scotland -52 35 £375 -6.25% 15
East of England -24 34 £390 +9.09% 21
Yorkshire -27 27 £375 +30.78% 26
East Midlands -9 20 £300 -15.49% 22
Wales -5 7 £350 +288.89% 9
North East -5 6 £458 -3.68% 9

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 340 (44.68%) Firewall
2 310 (40.74%) Windows
3 253 (33.25%) Cisco
4 240 (31.54%) Active Directory
5 239 (31.41%) Microsoft
6 211 (27.73%) Azure
7 196 (25.76%) Microsoft 365
7 196 (25.76%) WAN
8 176 (23.13%) Social Skills
9 157 (20.63%) DNS
10 150 (19.71%) LAN
11 149 (19.58%) VMware
12 138 (18.13%) Network Security
13 136 (17.87%) Cisco Certification
14 128 (16.82%) Linux
15 123 (16.16%) Microsoft Office
16 115 (15.11%) Windows Server
17 111 (14.59%) BGP
17 111 (14.59%) DevOps
17 111 (14.59%) Windows 10
18 110 (14.45%) MPLS
19 106 (13.93%) Agile Software Development
20 104 (13.67%) TCP/IP
20 104 (13.67%) VMware Infrastructure
21 101 (13.27%) DHCP
22 97 (12.75%) Migration
22 97 (12.75%) Security Cleared
23 93 (12.22%) AWS
24 92 (12.09%) PowerShell
25 88 (11.56%) VLAN

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (5.65%) Confluence
2 39 (5.12%) MS Exchange
3 37 (4.86%) SharePoint
4 15 (1.97%) IIS
4 15 (1.97%) Skype for Business
5 8 (1.05%) IBM Notes
6 7 (0.92%) Apache
6 7 (0.92%) Exchange Server 2010
7 6 (0.79%) Tomcat
8 5 (0.66%) NetWeaver
8 5 (0.66%) WebSphere
9 4 (0.53%) Exchange Server 2013
9 4 (0.53%) JBoss
9 4 (0.53%) OpenStack
10 3 (0.39%) Oracle Service Bus
10 3 (0.39%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.26%) Elasticsearch
11 2 (0.26%) nginx
12 1 (0.13%) Exchange Server 2007
12 1 (0.13%) TPMS
Applications
1 123 (16.16%) Microsoft Office
2 32 (4.20%) MS Visio
3 21 (2.76%) Microsoft Excel
4 10 (1.31%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.13%) Acrobat
7 1 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 3 (0.39%) Oracle ERP
1 3 (0.39%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.13%) assyst
2 1 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 211 (27.73%) Azure
2 196 (25.76%) Microsoft 365
3 93 (12.22%) AWS
4 63 (8.28%) Azure Active Directory
5 45 (5.91%) SaaS
6 37 (4.86%) IaaS
7 33 (4.34%) PaaS
8 31 (4.07%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 28 (3.68%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 19 (2.50%) Azure Key Vault
11 16 (2.10%) GCP
12 15 (1.97%) Serverless
13 14 (1.84%) GitHub
14 13 (1.71%) AWS Lambda
15 12 (1.58%) Mimecast
16 11 (1.45%) Amazon EC2
16 11 (1.45%) Amazon ECS
16 11 (1.45%) OneDrive
17 10 (1.31%) Amazon S3
17 10 (1.31%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 340 (44.68%) Firewall
2 196 (25.76%) WAN
3 157 (20.63%) DNS
4 150 (19.71%) LAN
5 138 (18.13%) Network Security
6 111 (14.59%) BGP
7 110 (14.45%) MPLS
8 104 (13.67%) TCP/IP
9 101 (13.27%) DHCP
10 88 (11.56%) VLAN
11 86 (11.30%) OSPF
12 82 (10.78%) Wireless
13 70 (9.20%) IPsec
14 69 (9.07%) SSL
15 64 (8.41%) Wi-Fi
16 57 (7.49%) VoIP
17 50 (6.57%) SD-WAN
18 49 (6.44%) Cisco ASA
18 49 (6.44%) Internet
19 47 (6.18%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (6.04%) SQL Server
2 16 (2.10%) MySQL
3 15 (1.97%) Relational Database
3 15 (1.97%) SQL Server 2012
4 13 (1.71%) SQL Server 2016
5 12 (1.58%) Azure SQL Database
6 9 (1.18%) Amazon RDS
7 7 (0.92%) PostgreSQL
8 6 (0.79%) DB2
8 6 (0.79%) NoSQL
8 6 (0.79%) Oracle Database
9 5 (0.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 5 (0.66%) Apache Cassandra
9 5 (0.66%) SAP HANA
10 4 (0.53%) MongoDB
11 3 (0.39%) Data Warehouse
12 2 (0.26%) MariaDB
13 1 (0.13%) Amazon Redshift
13 1 (0.13%) Electronic Patient Records
13 1 (0.13%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 43 (5.65%) JIRA
2 25 (3.29%) Jenkins
3 22 (2.89%) Git (software)
4 14 (1.84%) GitLab
5 12 (1.58%) Artifactory
6 11 (1.45%) SonarQube
7 8 (1.05%) Chocolatey
7 8 (1.05%) Maven
8 7 (0.92%) Selenium
9 6 (0.79%) Burp Suite
9 6 (0.79%) Sonatype Nexus
9 6 (0.79%) VSS/SourceSafe
10 5 (0.66%) Postman
10 5 (0.66%) Team Foundation Server
11 4 (0.53%) Arsenale Dataplane
11 4 (0.53%) TestRail
12 3 (0.39%) Bitbucket
12 3 (0.39%) MSI
12 3 (0.39%) SoapUI
12 3 (0.39%) Subversion
General
1 176 (23.13%) Social Skills
2 83 (10.91%) Finance
3 74 (9.72%) Telecoms
4 73 (9.59%) Public Sector
5 30 (3.94%) Documentation Skills
6 23 (3.02%) Analytical Skills
7 22 (2.89%) Marketing
8 20 (2.63%) Manufacturing
9 18 (2.37%) Banking
10 16 (2.10%) Electronics
11 14 (1.84%) Presentation Skills
12 11 (1.45%) Billing
12 11 (1.45%) Retail
13 10 (1.31%) Publishing
14 6 (0.79%) German Language
14 6 (0.79%) Italian Language
14 6 (0.79%) Organisational Skills
15 5 (0.66%) Influencing Skills
15 5 (0.66%) Legal
16 4 (0.53%) French Language
Job Titles
1 132 (17.35%) Network Engineer
2 100 (13.14%) Architect
3 76 (9.99%) Analyst
4 63 (8.28%) Support Engineer
5 50 (6.57%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 37 (4.86%) Consultant
7 34 (4.47%) Security Engineer
8 33 (4.34%) Azure Engineer
9 31 (4.07%) Network Architect
10 28 (3.68%) Cisco Engineer
11 27 (3.55%) 2nd Line Support
12 25 (3.29%) DevOps Engineer
12 25 (3.29%) IT Support
13 24 (3.15%) Cisco Network Engineer
13 24 (3.15%) Designer
13 24 (3.15%) IT Engineer
14 22 (2.89%) 2nd Line Engineer
14 22 (2.89%) Design Engineer
15 21 (2.76%) Desktop Support
16 20 (2.63%) IT Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (3.94%) 802.1X
2 22 (2.89%) LDAP
3 18 (2.37%) SAML
4 15 (1.97%) CSS
4 15 (1.97%) Web Services
5 14 (1.84%) OAuth
6 13 (1.71%) XMPP
7 12 (1.58%) REST
8 11 (1.45%) HTML
8 11 (1.45%) Kafka
9 8 (1.05%) Spine.js
10 7 (0.92%) Express
10 7 (0.92%) JSON
10 7 (0.92%) LAMP
10 7 (0.92%) Middleware
11 6 (0.79%) Keycloak
12 5 (0.66%) Elastic Stack
12 5 (0.66%) SAP Basis
13 4 (0.53%) Node.js
13 4 (0.53%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 87 (11.43%) Data Centre
2 42 (5.52%) PKI
3 37 (4.86%) Management Information System
4 27 (3.55%) Self-Motivation
5 24 (3.15%) Public Cloud
6 23 (3.02%) Hybrid Cloud
7 14 (1.84%) BYOD
7 14 (1.84%) Client/Server
7 14 (1.84%) NHS
8 13 (1.71%) Social Media
8 13 (1.71%) Virtual Team
9 12 (1.58%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 12 (1.58%) Mobile App
10 9 (1.18%) Blackberry
10 9 (1.18%) Data Protection Act
10 9 (1.18%) Replication
10 9 (1.18%) Smartphone
11 7 (0.92%) iPhone
12 6 (0.79%) Algorithms
12 6 (0.79%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 310 (40.74%) Windows
2 128 (16.82%) Linux
3 115 (15.11%) Windows Server
4 111 (14.59%) Windows 10
5 59 (7.75%) Windows 7
6 49 (6.44%) Windows Server 2012
7 36 (4.73%) Windows Server 2016
8 35 (4.60%) Windows Server 2019
9 33 (4.34%) Android
10 29 (3.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 22 (2.89%) Apple iOS
12 18 (2.37%) Unix
12 18 (2.37%) Windows Server 2008
13 16 (2.10%) Windows Mobile
14 10 (1.31%) CentOS
14 10 (1.31%) Ubuntu
15 8 (1.05%) Mac OS
15 8 (1.05%) Windows Server 2003
16 7 (0.92%) Windows 8
17 6 (0.79%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 111 (14.59%) DevOps
2 106 (13.93%) Agile Software Development
3 97 (12.75%) Migration
4 85 (11.17%) ITIL
5 65 (8.54%) Network Design
6 61 (8.02%) Problem-Solving
7 59 (7.75%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 54 (7.10%) Cybersecurity
9 47 (6.18%) Infrastructure as Code
10 46 (6.04%) Load Balancing
11 40 (5.26%) Service Delivery
12 38 (4.99%) Continuous Integration
12 38 (4.99%) Kalman Filter
13 35 (4.60%) Service Management
14 34 (4.47%) Analytics
15 33 (4.34%) Mentoring
16 31 (4.07%) SIEM
17 30 (3.94%) Network Virtualisation
18 29 (3.81%) Computer Science
19 28 (3.68%) Network Management
Programming Languages
1 92 (12.09%) PowerShell
2 54 (7.10%) Python
3 45 (5.91%) SQL
4 25 (3.29%) Bash Shell
4 25 (3.29%) Java
5 13 (1.71%) C
6 12 (1.58%) JavaScript
7 11 (1.45%) Go
8 9 (1.18%) Shell Script
9 7 (0.92%) C++
10 6 (0.79%) Perl
10 6 (0.79%) PL/SQL
11 5 (0.66%) Ruby
12 4 (0.53%) Java 8
12 4 (0.53%) Rust
13 3 (0.39%) Apple Swift
13 3 (0.39%) VBScript
14 2 (0.26%) PHP
15 1 (0.13%) C#
15 1 (0.13%) VB
Qualifications
1 136 (17.87%) Cisco Certification
2 97 (12.75%) Security Cleared
3 77 (10.12%) CCNP
4 70 (9.20%) CCNA
5 68 (8.94%) SC Cleared
6 57 (7.49%) Degree
7 42 (5.52%) CCIE
8 38 (4.99%) Microsoft Certification
9 24 (3.15%) MCSE
10 19 (2.50%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 18 (2.37%) CCIE Service Provider
12 15 (1.97%) CISSP
13 14 (1.84%) CCDP
13 14 (1.84%) DV Cleared
14 11 (1.45%) Computer Science Degree
14 11 (1.45%) JNCIS
14 11 (1.45%) MCP
15 10 (1.31%) JNCIA
15 10 (1.31%) JNCIP
16 9 (1.18%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 59 (7.75%) SLA
2 17 (2.23%) PCI DSS
3 15 (1.97%) QA
4 14 (1.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 7 (0.92%) GDPR
6 5 (0.66%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 4 (0.53%) COBIT
8 3 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 3 (0.39%) SOC 2
9 2 (0.26%) Accessibility
10 1 (0.13%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.13%) HL7
10 1 (0.13%) ISO 22301
10 1 (0.13%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.13%) NIST
10 1 (0.13%) SEPA
10 1 (0.13%) SOC 1
System Software
1 240 (31.54%) Active Directory
2 104 (13.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 41 (5.39%) Docker
4 36 (4.73%) vSphere
5 33 (4.34%) Hyper-V
6 23 (3.02%) Virtual Machines
7 21 (2.76%) VMware NSX
8 19 (2.50%) VMware ESXi
9 13 (1.71%) Virtual Desktop
10 8 (1.05%) iptables
10 8 (1.05%) XenApp
11 6 (0.79%) KVM
12 5 (0.66%) XenDesktop
13 4 (0.53%) Firmware
13 4 (0.53%) Microsoft App-V
13 4 (0.53%) Virtual Servers
13 4 (0.53%) VirtualBox
13 4 (0.53%) VMware Workstation
13 4 (0.53%) Xen
14 3 (0.39%) NFS
Systems Management
1 69 (9.07%) Terraform
2 67 (8.80%) Ansible
3 58 (7.62%) SCCM
4 52 (6.83%) Kubernetes
5 45 (5.91%) Active Directory Federation Services
6 41 (5.39%) Microsoft Intune
7 20 (2.63%) WSUS
8 19 (2.50%) Single Sign-On
9 16 (2.10%) FortiGate
9 16 (2.10%) Prometheus
10 14 (1.84%) Istio
11 12 (1.58%) Nagios
12 11 (1.45%) vRealize Orchestrator
13 9 (1.18%) Grafana
13 9 (1.18%) Sysdig
14 8 (1.05%) HP NNM
14 8 (1.05%) Puppet
14 8 (1.05%) Tivoli Storage Manager
14 8 (1.05%) vRealize
15 6 (0.79%) Cisco CUCM
Vendors
1 253 (33.25%) Cisco
2 239 (31.41%) Microsoft
3 149 (19.58%) VMware
4 79 (10.38%) Juniper
5 65 (8.54%) Palo Alto
6 57 (7.49%) Citrix
7 55 (7.23%) F5
8 53 (6.96%) CheckPoint
9 51 (6.70%) Fortinet
10 43 (5.65%) HP
11 39 (5.12%) Meraki
12 34 (4.47%) ServiceNow
13 29 (3.81%) Oracle
14 28 (3.68%) Dell
14 28 (3.68%) SolarWinds
15 27 (3.55%) Red Hat
15 27 (3.55%) SAP
16 24 (3.15%) Apple
17 23 (3.02%) Nokia
18 17 (2.23%) IBM