Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 213 184 178
Rank change year-on-year -29 -6 +47
Contract jobs citing VPN 587 967 1,535
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.22% 1.44% 1.58%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.27% 10.71% 12.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 433 621 1,019
Median daily rate £425 £400 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% -5.88% +13.33%
10th Percentile £150 £163 £175
90th Percentile £588 £600 £590
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £400
% change year-on-year - -6.25% +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 66 84
Median hourly rate £17.50 £15.15 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.51% -10.88% +14.29%
10th Percentile £15.08 £13.31 £12.25
90th Percentile £23.53 £66.25 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £14.50 £16.10
% change year-on-year +31.03% -9.95% +19.28%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 5,716 9,029 12,452
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.84% 13.49% 12.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,612 5,583 7,677
Median daily rate £440 £415 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.02% -2.35% +6.12%
10th Percentile £213 £178 £200
90th Percentile £613 £600 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 281 498 554
Median hourly rate £30.00 £21.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% +16.67% -5.26%
10th Percentile £12.98 £13.34 £12.00
90th Percentile £61.00 £51.98 £48.75
Median hourly rate £25.00 £20.00 £17.23
% change year-on-year +25.00% +16.09% -12.99%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Daily rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -29 500 £425 +6.25% 239
UK excluding London +25 317 £375 - 182
London -48 192 £450 +5.88% 64
Work from Home -122 141 £450 -3.49% 43
South East +48 116 £378 -5.63% 56
Midlands +6 56 £350 -17.65% 46
North of England +4 52 £350 -6.60% 38
West Midlands +4 40 £338 -28.19% 33
East of England +10 34 £390 +16.94% 11
South West +52 29 £388 +13.97% 24
Scotland +32 26 £220 -34.81% 4
North West +16 26 £350 -16.67% 15
Yorkshire +20 19 £388 +19.31% 16
East Midlands +13 13 £419 +34.00% 13
North East +9 7 £220 -40.94% 7
Wales +8 5 - - 2

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 260 (44.29%) Firewall
2 253 (43.10%) Windows
3 233 (39.69%) Cisco
4 202 (34.41%) Microsoft
5 201 (34.24%) WAN
6 181 (30.83%) Active Directory
7 152 (25.89%) Azure
8 143 (24.36%) Microsoft 365
9 141 (24.02%) LAN
10 122 (20.78%) DNS
11 113 (19.25%) Wireless
12 109 (18.57%) VMware
13 106 (18.06%) Cisco Certification
14 103 (17.55%) Windows 10
15 99 (16.87%) Security Cleared
16 94 (16.01%) Microsoft Office
17 92 (15.67%) TCP/IP
17 92 (15.67%) DevOps
18 91 (15.50%) Windows Server
18 91 (15.50%) Linux
19 86 (14.65%) DHCP
20 84 (14.31%) MPLS
21 83 (14.14%) Network Security
22 81 (13.80%) AWS
22 81 (13.80%) BGP
23 79 (13.46%) Migration
24 72 (12.27%) VMware Infrastructure
25 69 (11.75%) Data Centre
25 69 (11.75%) Internet
25 69 (11.75%) CCNP

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (5.79%) SharePoint
2 20 (3.41%) Confluence
3 14 (2.39%) WebSphere
4 12 (2.04%) Skype for Business
5 11 (1.87%) MS Exchange
6 5 (0.85%) WebLogic
7 4 (0.68%) Jupyter
8 3 (0.51%) Apache Spark
8 3 (0.51%) IIS
8 3 (0.51%) JBoss
8 3 (0.51%) NetWeaver
9 2 (0.34%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 2 (0.34%) CMS
9 2 (0.34%) Exchange Server 2003
9 2 (0.34%) Oracle Service Bus
10 1 (0.17%) Exchange Server 2010
10 1 (0.17%) Exchange Server 2013
10 1 (0.17%) nginx
10 1 (0.17%) OpenStack
10 1 (0.17%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 94 (16.01%) Microsoft Office
2 29 (4.94%) Microsoft Excel
3 28 (4.77%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.68%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.68%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.34%) Acrobat
5 2 (0.34%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.17%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 2 (0.34%) assyst
2 1 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.17%) Magento
2 1 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 152 (25.89%) Azure
2 143 (24.36%) Microsoft 365
3 81 (13.80%) AWS
4 43 (7.33%) Azure Active Directory
5 40 (6.81%) PaaS
6 37 (6.30%) IaaS
6 37 (6.30%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 33 (5.62%) SaaS
8 20 (3.41%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 14 (2.39%) Cloud Computing
9 14 (2.39%) GCP
10 13 (2.21%) OneDrive
11 11 (1.87%) Amazon EC2
11 11 (1.87%) Amazon S3
12 10 (1.70%) Route 53
12 10 (1.70%) Serverless
13 9 (1.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 9 (1.53%) GitHub
14 8 (1.36%) AWS Lambda
15 7 (1.19%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 260 (44.29%) Firewall
2 201 (34.24%) WAN
3 141 (24.02%) LAN
4 122 (20.78%) DNS
5 113 (19.25%) Wireless
6 92 (15.67%) TCP/IP
7 86 (14.65%) DHCP
8 84 (14.31%) MPLS
9 83 (14.14%) Network Security
10 81 (13.80%) BGP
11 69 (11.75%) Internet
12 68 (11.58%) IPsec
12 68 (11.58%) OSPF
13 67 (11.41%) VLAN
14 50 (8.52%) SSL
14 50 (8.52%) Wi-Fi
15 42 (7.16%) VoIP
16 36 (6.13%) SNMP
17 28 (4.77%) Cisco Nexus
18 25 (4.26%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (3.75%) SQL Server
2 20 (3.41%) Relational Database
3 12 (2.04%) DB2
4 9 (1.53%) Azure SQL Database
5 7 (1.19%) MySQL
6 6 (1.02%) Amazon RDS
7 5 (0.85%) NoSQL
7 5 (0.85%) SQL Server 2012
7 5 (0.85%) SQL Server 2016
8 4 (0.68%) Big Data
8 4 (0.68%) Cosmos DB
8 4 (0.68%) Data Warehouse
8 4 (0.68%) Oracle Database
9 3 (0.51%) Apache Hive
9 3 (0.51%) Hadoop
9 3 (0.51%) PostgreSQL
9 3 (0.51%) SAP HANA
10 2 (0.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 2 (0.34%) Apache Cassandra
10 2 (0.34%) Redis
Development Applications
1 44 (7.50%) JIRA
2 26 (4.43%) GitLab
3 16 (2.73%) Jenkins
4 8 (1.36%) Git (software)
5 5 (0.85%) Selenium
5 5 (0.85%) Team Foundation Server
6 4 (0.68%) Maven
7 3 (0.51%) Bitbucket
7 3 (0.51%) Postman
7 3 (0.51%) Sonatype Nexus
7 3 (0.51%) Terragrunt
8 2 (0.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 2 (0.34%) CocoaPods
8 2 (0.34%) Visual Studio
9 1 (0.17%) Artifactory
9 1 (0.17%) JMeter
9 1 (0.17%) SoapUI
9 1 (0.17%) SonarQube
9 1 (0.17%) Vagrant
9 1 (0.17%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 57 (9.71%) Telecoms
2 54 (9.20%) Public Sector
3 50 (8.52%) Finance
4 23 (3.92%) Banking
5 10 (1.70%) Manufacturing
6 7 (1.19%) Legal
7 6 (1.02%) Billing
8 5 (0.85%) Electronics
8 5 (0.85%) Law
9 4 (0.68%) Marketing
10 3 (0.51%) Investment Banking
10 3 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
10 3 (0.51%) Publishing
10 3 (0.51%) Retail Banking
11 2 (0.34%) Police
11 2 (0.34%) Retail
12 1 (0.17%) Advertising
12 1 (0.17%) Games
12 1 (0.17%) German Language
12 1 (0.17%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 102 (17.38%) Network Engineer
2 73 (12.44%) Architect
3 47 (8.01%) Analyst
4 41 (6.98%) Support Engineer
5 39 (6.64%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 35 (5.96%) Network Architect
7 34 (5.79%) DevOps Engineer
8 33 (5.62%) Azure Engineer
8 33 (5.62%) Security Engineer
9 30 (5.11%) Consultant
10 20 (3.41%) Office 365 Engineer
11 18 (3.07%) Cloud Engineer
11 18 (3.07%) IT Support
12 16 (2.73%) Designer
12 16 (2.73%) Service Desk Engineer
13 15 (2.56%) Build Engineer
13 15 (2.56%) IT Engineer
14 14 (2.39%) Desktop Support
14 14 (2.39%) Network Security Engineer
14 14 (2.39%) Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (6.81%) 802.1X
2 11 (1.87%) Web Services
3 9 (1.53%) WebSphere MQ
4 6 (1.02%) Middleware
5 5 (0.85%) .NET
5 5 (0.85%) CSS
6 4 (0.68%) Express
6 4 (0.68%) Oracle GoldenGate
6 4 (0.68%) REST
6 4 (0.68%) RESTful
6 4 (0.68%) XML
7 3 (0.51%) .NET Framework
7 3 (0.51%) CGI
7 3 (0.51%) HTML
7 3 (0.51%) JSON
7 3 (0.51%) LDAP
7 3 (0.51%) SAP Basis
7 3 (0.51%) XSD
8 2 (0.34%) Cocoa
8 2 (0.34%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 69 (11.75%) Data Centre
2 38 (6.47%) PKI
3 32 (5.45%) Management Information System
4 25 (4.26%) Self-Motivation
5 20 (3.41%) Analytical Skills
6 18 (3.07%) Public Cloud
7 12 (2.04%) Hybrid Cloud
8 10 (1.70%) Linux Command Line
8 10 (1.70%) Smartphone
9 8 (1.36%) Mobile App
10 7 (1.19%) Driving Licence
11 6 (1.02%) Internet of Things
12 5 (0.85%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 5 (0.85%) iPhone
12 5 (0.85%) NHS
13 4 (0.68%) Cloud Native
13 4 (0.68%) Data Protection Act
13 4 (0.68%) Private Cloud
13 4 (0.68%) Replication
13 4 (0.68%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 253 (43.10%) Windows
2 103 (17.55%) Windows 10
3 91 (15.50%) Linux
3 91 (15.50%) Windows Server
4 60 (10.22%) Windows 7
5 19 (3.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 19 (3.24%) Unix
6 18 (3.07%) Android
7 17 (2.90%) Windows Server 2008
8 15 (2.56%) Windows Server 2012
9 14 (2.39%) Windows Server 2019
10 13 (2.21%) Apple iOS
11 12 (2.04%) Mac OS
12 11 (1.87%) Windows 8
12 11 (1.87%) Windows Mobile
13 9 (1.53%) Windows Server 2016
14 5 (0.85%) CentOS
14 5 (0.85%) Windows XP
15 3 (0.51%) Oracle Linux
15 3 (0.51%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 92 (15.67%) DevOps
2 79 (13.46%) Migration
3 63 (10.73%) ITIL
4 56 (9.54%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 55 (9.37%) Agile Software Development
5 55 (9.37%) Load Balancing
6 49 (8.35%) Kalman Filter
7 46 (7.84%) Network Design
8 45 (7.67%) Problem-Solving
9 43 (7.33%) Continuous Integration
10 41 (6.98%) Infrastructure as Code
10 41 (6.98%) SIEM
11 37 (6.30%) Web Filtering
12 34 (5.79%) Change Management
13 28 (4.77%) Service Management
14 25 (4.26%) Computer Science
15 24 (4.09%) Analytics
16 21 (3.58%) Network Architecture
16 21 (3.58%) Network Management
16 21 (3.58%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 47 (8.01%) Python
2 38 (6.47%) PowerShell
3 25 (4.26%) Bash Shell
4 19 (3.24%) SQL
5 16 (2.73%) Java
6 13 (2.21%) Shell Script
7 10 (1.70%) C
8 9 (1.53%) Perl
9 5 (0.85%) R
10 4 (0.68%) Java 8
11 3 (0.51%) Go
11 3 (0.51%) JavaScript
12 2 (0.34%) Apple Swift
12 2 (0.34%) C++
12 2 (0.34%) Groovy
12 2 (0.34%) PHP
12 2 (0.34%) Ruby
12 2 (0.34%) XPath
13 1 (0.17%) Rust
13 1 (0.17%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 106 (18.06%) Cisco Certification
2 99 (16.87%) Security Cleared
3 69 (11.75%) CCNP
4 66 (11.24%) SC Cleared
5 65 (11.07%) CCNA
6 43 (7.33%) Degree
7 42 (7.16%) Microsoft Certification
8 28 (4.77%) DV Cleared
9 27 (4.60%) CCIE
10 21 (3.58%) MCSE
11 19 (3.24%) CISSP
12 14 (2.39%) Computer Science Degree
13 13 (2.21%) BPSS Clearance
14 11 (1.87%) CCDP
15 8 (1.36%) AWS Certification
15 8 (1.36%) ITIL Certification
15 8 (1.36%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 8 (1.36%) TOGAF Certification
16 7 (1.19%) GIAC
16 7 (1.19%) RHCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (4.09%) SLA
2 11 (1.87%) QA
3 8 (1.36%) NIST
4 7 (1.19%) COBIT
4 7 (1.19%) PCI DSS
5 6 (1.02%) GDPR
5 6 (1.02%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.34%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.34%) Government Security Classifications
6 2 (0.34%) HIPAA
6 2 (0.34%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 2 (0.34%) NCSC
6 2 (0.34%) SEPA
7 1 (0.17%) BS25999
7 1 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.17%) NIST 800
System Software
1 181 (30.83%) Active Directory
2 72 (12.27%) VMware Infrastructure
3 25 (4.26%) Docker
4 24 (4.09%) Hyper-V
5 21 (3.58%) VMware ESXi
6 20 (3.41%) vSphere
7 18 (3.07%) Virtual Machines
8 13 (2.21%) ProxySG
8 13 (2.21%) VMware NSX
9 7 (1.19%) Firmware
9 7 (1.19%) Virtual Desktop
10 5 (0.85%) VirtualBox
11 4 (0.68%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 4 (0.68%) Snort
11 4 (0.68%) XenApp
11 4 (0.68%) XenDesktop
12 3 (0.51%) BitLocker
12 3 (0.51%) KVM
13 2 (0.34%) DFS Replication
13 2 (0.34%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 53 (9.03%) SCCM
2 47 (8.01%) Terraform
3 42 (7.16%) Ansible
4 41 (6.98%) Kubernetes
5 35 (5.96%) Microsoft Intune
6 20 (3.41%) Prometheus
7 19 (3.24%) Istio
8 14 (2.39%) Single Sign-On
9 11 (1.87%) AirWatch
10 9 (1.53%) Cisco Prime
10 9 (1.53%) Puppet
11 7 (1.19%) FortiGate
12 6 (1.02%) Norton AntiVirus
13 5 (0.85%) HAProxy
13 5 (0.85%) HP NNM
13 5 (0.85%) Nessus
13 5 (0.85%) SCOM
14 4 (0.68%) Opscode Chef
14 4 (0.68%) QRadar
14 4 (0.68%) SolarWinds Orion
Vendors
1 233 (39.69%) Cisco
2 202 (34.41%) Microsoft
3 109 (18.57%) VMware
4 60 (10.22%) Juniper
5 47 (8.01%) Citrix
6 44 (7.50%) Palo Alto
7 41 (6.98%) F5
8 40 (6.81%) HP
9 36 (6.13%) Meraki
10 35 (5.96%) Oracle
11 30 (5.11%) Blue Coat
11 30 (5.11%) CheckPoint
11 30 (5.11%) Red Hat
12 27 (4.60%) Apple
13 22 (3.75%) Ivanti
14 20 (3.41%) SolarWinds
15 18 (3.07%) Fortinet
15 18 (3.07%) ServiceNow
15 18 (3.07%) Symantec
16 16 (2.73%) Avaya