Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 9 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
9 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 227 262 204
Rank change year-on-year +35 -58 -1
Contract jobs citing VPN 1,084 766 466
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.23% 1.05% 1.32%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.66% 9.18% 9.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 753 483 292
10th Percentile £198 £190 £173
25th Percentile £363 £313 £310
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £490 £425 £450
Median % change year-on-year +15.29% -5.56% +9.09%
75th Percentile £588 £538 £550
90th Percentile £675 £600 £615
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £390 £400
% change year-on-year +8.97% -2.50% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 57 40
10th Percentile £13.65 £15.00 £15.47
25th Percentile £17.56 £15.04 £18.19
Median hourly rate £22.00 £18.00 £19.50
Median % change year-on-year +22.22% -7.69% +11.43%
75th Percentile £37.22 £38.00 £40.00
90th Percentile £53.34 £54.90 £47.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £16.00 £19.50
% change year-on-year +25.00% -17.95% +11.43%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 10,171 8,344 4,731
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.52% 11.40% 13.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,814 5,327 2,937
10th Percentile £235 £250 £200
25th Percentile £390 £360 £315
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £438
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +2.86% +2.94%
75th Percentile £625 £554 £538
90th Percentile £700 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £406
% change year-on-year +5.88% +4.62% +1.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 364 373 245
10th Percentile £15.25 £12.00 £14.50
25th Percentile £17.70 £15.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £22.37 £30.05
Median % change year-on-year +56.46% -25.56% +32.50%
75th Percentile £57.13 £48.74 £46.25
90th Percentile £68.75 £64.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £20.00 £22.75
% change year-on-year +62.50% -12.09% +1.11%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Daily rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 9 August 2022.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 9 August 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 9 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +48 936 £473 +11.18% 272
UK excluding London +18 474 £425 +8.97% 209
Work from Home +29 468 £500 +8.11% 101
London +44 455 £520 +15.56% 83
South East +9 145 £513 +20.59% 49
North of England +24 144 £400 -11.11% 53
North West +15 87 £400 -11.11% 28
South West -5 59 £400 +6.67% 27
Midlands -33 54 £400 +23.08% 42
East of England +9 48 £400 +23.08% 18
Yorkshire 0 44 £400 +6.67% 23
West Midlands -40 35 £400 +6.67% 28
Scotland -20 27 £545 +55.71% 12
East Midlands -6 18 £388 +29.17% 13
North East 0 15 £550 +20.22% 2
Isle of Man - 7 £550 -
Wales -5 6 £750 +200.00% 7
Northern Ireland +1 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 9 August 2022, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 588 (54.24%) Firewall
2 415 (38.28%) Windows
3 396 (36.53%) Cisco
4 357 (32.93%) WAN
5 351 (32.38%) Azure
6 337 (31.09%) Microsoft
7 286 (26.38%) LAN
8 272 (25.09%) Active Directory
9 256 (23.62%) DNS
9 256 (23.62%) AWS
10 252 (23.25%) Microsoft 365
11 217 (20.02%) Linux
12 198 (18.27%) Cisco Certification
13 196 (18.08%) BGP
14 193 (17.80%) Network Security
15 187 (17.25%) Security Cleared
16 185 (17.07%) VMware
17 174 (16.05%) MPLS
18 169 (15.59%) Windows 10
19 166 (15.31%) Social Skills
20 158 (14.58%) DevOps
21 150 (13.84%) IPsec
22 148 (13.65%) OSPF
22 148 (13.65%) Palo Alto
23 146 (13.47%) DHCP
24 145 (13.38%) SC Cleared
25 140 (12.92%) TCP/IP
26 138 (12.73%) Python
27 137 (12.64%) VMware Infrastructure
28 133 (12.27%) Data Centre

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 67 (6.18%) SharePoint
2 36 (3.32%) Confluence
3 30 (2.77%) MS Exchange
4 18 (1.66%) OpenStack
5 17 (1.57%) WebSphere
6 12 (1.11%) IIS
7 9 (0.83%) Drupal
8 8 (0.74%) Skype for Business
9 5 (0.46%) Exchange Server 2013
10 4 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
10 4 (0.37%) nginx
11 3 (0.28%) Exchange Server 2010
12 2 (0.18%) Apache
12 2 (0.18%) JBoss
12 2 (0.18%) MQSeries
13 1 (0.092%) MTS
13 1 (0.092%) SAS
13 1 (0.092%) Tomcat
13 1 (0.092%) WebLogic
13 1 (0.092%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 126 (11.62%) Microsoft Office
2 35 (3.23%) MS Visio
3 15 (1.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (1.11%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.092%) 1Password
5 1 (0.092%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.092%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 6 (0.55%) Oracle ERP
2 3 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.28%) Remedy ITSM
2 3 (0.28%) RMDS
3 1 (0.092%) HFM
3 1 (0.092%) Infor M3
3 1 (0.092%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.092%) Sage X3
Cloud Services
1 351 (32.38%) Azure
2 256 (23.62%) AWS
3 252 (23.25%) Microsoft 365
4 72 (6.64%) GCP
5 64 (5.90%) SaaS
6 61 (5.63%) Azure Active Directory
7 60 (5.54%) PaaS
8 54 (4.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 47 (4.34%) IaaS
10 42 (3.87%) OneDrive
11 36 (3.32%) Amazon EC2
12 32 (2.95%) AWS Direct Connect
13 30 (2.77%) Amazon S3
13 30 (2.77%) Azure ExpressRoute
14 28 (2.58%) AWS CloudFormation
15 26 (2.40%) Azure DevOps
16 19 (1.75%) Serverless
17 18 (1.66%) Mimecast
18 17 (1.57%) GitHub
18 17 (1.57%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 588 (54.24%) Firewall
2 357 (32.93%) WAN
3 286 (26.38%) LAN
4 256 (23.62%) DNS
5 196 (18.08%) BGP
6 193 (17.80%) Network Security
7 174 (16.05%) MPLS
8 150 (13.84%) IPsec
9 148 (13.65%) OSPF
10 146 (13.47%) DHCP
11 140 (12.92%) TCP/IP
12 128 (11.81%) SD-WAN
13 127 (11.72%) Wi-Fi
14 125 (11.53%) Wireless
15 91 (8.39%) Cisco ASA
16 86 (7.93%) Internet
17 80 (7.38%) SSL
18 76 (7.01%) Cisco Nexus
19 68 (6.27%) VLAN
20 64 (5.90%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (2.58%) Amazon RDS
1 28 (2.58%) SQL Server
2 20 (1.85%) PostgreSQL
2 20 (1.85%) Relational Database
3 19 (1.75%) MariaDB
4 15 (1.38%) DB2
5 14 (1.29%) MySQL
5 14 (1.29%) NoSQL
6 13 (1.20%) Power BI
7 12 (1.11%) DynamoDB
8 8 (0.74%) Azure SQL Database
9 7 (0.65%) Elasticsearch
10 6 (0.55%) Amazon Aurora
11 5 (0.46%) Amazon Athena
11 5 (0.46%) Amazon Redshift
11 5 (0.46%) DocumentDB
11 5 (0.46%) SimpleDB
12 4 (0.37%) BigQuery
12 4 (0.37%) MongoDB
12 4 (0.37%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 59 (5.44%) Jenkins
2 43 (3.97%) JIRA
3 39 (3.60%) Git (software)
4 17 (1.57%) GitLab
5 15 (1.38%) Subversion
6 14 (1.29%) Sonatype Nexus
7 11 (1.01%) Maven
8 6 (0.55%) Arsenale Dataplane
8 6 (0.55%) Postman
8 6 (0.55%) SoapUI
8 6 (0.55%) TestRail
9 5 (0.46%) VSS/SourceSafe
10 4 (0.37%) Selenium
10 4 (0.37%) SonarQube
11 3 (0.28%) Appium
12 2 (0.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 2 (0.18%) Bitbucket
12 2 (0.18%) Fiddler
12 2 (0.18%) Team Foundation Server
12 2 (0.18%) TeamCity
General
1 166 (15.31%) Social Skills
2 114 (10.52%) Finance
3 89 (8.21%) Public Sector
4 54 (4.98%) Telecoms
5 45 (4.15%) Analytical Skills
6 43 (3.97%) Banking
7 33 (3.04%) Documentation Skills
8 30 (2.77%) Organisational Skills
9 24 (2.21%) Retail
10 15 (1.38%) Law
11 14 (1.29%) Investment Banking
11 14 (1.29%) Manufacturing
12 12 (1.11%) Military
13 11 (1.01%) Games
14 10 (0.92%) Electronics
14 10 (0.92%) Legal
15 9 (0.83%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 8 (0.74%) Presentation Skills
17 5 (0.46%) Financial Institution
17 5 (0.46%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 284 (26.20%) Network Engineer
2 112 (10.33%) Architect
3 96 (8.86%) Support Engineer
4 81 (7.47%) Analyst
5 60 (5.54%) 2nd Line Support
6 59 (5.44%) DevOps Engineer
6 59 (5.44%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 56 (5.17%) Security Engineer
8 50 (4.61%) Desktop Support
9 43 (3.97%) Network Architect
9 43 (3.97%) Support Analyst
10 38 (3.51%) Senior Network Engineer
11 37 (3.41%) Cisco Engineer
12 33 (3.04%) 2nd Line Engineer
12 33 (3.04%) Azure Engineer
13 32 (2.95%) Cloud Engineer
13 32 (2.95%) Systems Engineer
14 31 (2.86%) Desktop Engineer
14 31 (2.86%) Network Security Engineer
15 30 (2.77%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (2.77%) 802.1X
2 17 (1.57%) Elastic Stack
2 17 (1.57%) JSON
2 17 (1.57%) REST
3 16 (1.48%) OAuth
3 16 (1.48%) OAuth2
4 14 (1.29%) Web Services
4 14 (1.29%) WebSphere MQ
5 11 (1.01%) CSS
5 11 (1.01%) HTML
5 11 (1.01%) RESTful
5 11 (1.01%) Software Packaging
6 10 (0.92%) SOAP
6 10 (0.92%) XML
7 9 (0.83%) LDAP
8 8 (0.74%) ARM Templates
9 7 (0.65%) YAML
10 6 (0.55%) Oracle Fusion
10 6 (0.55%) Regular Expression
10 6 (0.55%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 133 (12.27%) Data Centre
2 57 (5.26%) Public Cloud
3 54 (4.98%) Management Information System
4 52 (4.80%) Private Cloud
5 50 (4.61%) PKI
6 40 (3.69%) Self-Motivation
7 28 (2.58%) iPhone
8 27 (2.49%) iPad
9 22 (2.03%) Hybrid Cloud
10 18 (1.66%) Fat Client
10 18 (1.66%) Thin Client
11 17 (1.57%) Data Protection Act
11 17 (1.57%) Smartphone
12 16 (1.48%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 14 (1.29%) BYOD
13 14 (1.29%) IoT
14 13 (1.20%) Algorithms
15 12 (1.11%) Video Conferencing
16 11 (1.01%) Clustering
17 10 (0.92%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 415 (38.28%) Windows
2 217 (20.02%) Linux
3 169 (15.59%) Windows 10
4 107 (9.87%) Windows Server
5 61 (5.63%) Unix
6 45 (4.15%) Apple iOS
7 40 (3.69%) Windows 7
8 39 (3.60%) Windows Server 2012
9 38 (3.51%) Windows Server 2016
10 37 (3.41%) Android
10 37 (3.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 30 (2.77%) Windows Server 2008
12 26 (2.40%) Mac OS
13 24 (2.21%) Windows Server 2019
14 20 (1.85%) CentOS
15 12 (1.11%) Ubuntu
15 12 (1.11%) Windows 8
16 11 (1.01%) Amazon Linux
16 11 (1.01%) HPUX
17 7 (0.65%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 158 (14.58%) DevOps
2 131 (12.08%) ITIL
3 121 (11.16%) Load Balancing
4 113 (10.42%) Migration
5 95 (8.76%) Agile
6 85 (7.84%) CI/CD
7 72 (6.64%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 72 (6.64%) Problem-Solving
8 71 (6.55%) Cybersecurity
9 59 (5.44%) Infrastructure as Code
10 55 (5.07%) Change Management
11 52 (4.80%) Network Design
12 50 (4.61%) Project Delivery
13 49 (4.52%) Configuration Management
14 47 (4.34%) ITSM
14 47 (4.34%) Project Management
15 45 (4.15%) Data Loss Prevention
15 45 (4.15%) Service Delivery
16 44 (4.06%) Information Security
17 43 (3.97%) Network Management
Programming Languages
1 138 (12.73%) Python
2 110 (10.15%) PowerShell
3 65 (6.00%) Bash
4 56 (5.17%) SQL
5 36 (3.32%) Shell Script
6 33 (3.04%) C
7 25 (2.31%) Java
8 22 (2.03%) Perl
9 20 (1.85%) JavaScript
10 14 (1.29%) Go
11 9 (0.83%) Ruby
12 7 (0.65%) C++
12 7 (0.65%) PL/SQL
13 6 (0.55%) Rust
13 6 (0.55%) VBScript
14 4 (0.37%) C#
14 4 (0.37%) VB
15 3 (0.28%) T-SQL
16 2 (0.18%) Lisp
17 1 (0.092%) PHP
Qualifications
1 198 (18.27%) Cisco Certification
2 187 (17.25%) Security Cleared
3 145 (13.38%) SC Cleared
4 120 (11.07%) CCNP
5 71 (6.55%) CCIE
6 67 (6.18%) Degree
7 61 (5.63%) CCNA
8 27 (2.49%) CCDP
9 25 (2.31%) AWS Certification
10 24 (2.21%) DV Cleared
11 20 (1.85%) JNCIS
11 20 (1.85%) Microsoft Certification
12 15 (1.38%) CCIE Routing and Switching
13 14 (1.29%) CISSP
13 14 (1.29%) ITIL Certification
14 11 (1.01%) MCSE
14 11 (1.01%) TOGAF Certification
15 10 (0.92%) CCIP
15 10 (0.92%) JNCIA
16 9 (0.83%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (5.72%) SLA
2 28 (2.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 17 (1.57%) QA
4 16 (1.48%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 15 (1.38%) GDPR
6 12 (1.11%) NIST
6 12 (1.11%) PCI DSS
7 7 (0.65%) JSP 440
8 5 (0.46%) COBIT
8 5 (0.46%) Cyber Essentials
8 5 (0.46%) NCSC
8 5 (0.46%) NIST 800
9 4 (0.37%) PMO
10 3 (0.28%) DICOM
10 3 (0.28%) HL7
10 3 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 3 (0.28%) PSD2
10 3 (0.28%) RMADS
11 2 (0.18%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 2 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 272 (25.09%) Active Directory
2 137 (12.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 70 (6.46%) Docker
4 53 (4.89%) Virtual Machines
5 49 (4.52%) Hyper-V
6 42 (3.87%) VMware ESXi
6 42 (3.87%) vSphere
7 20 (1.85%) BitLocker
8 19 (1.75%) VMware Workstation
9 18 (1.66%) VMware NSX
10 17 (1.57%) vCloud
11 16 (1.48%) Virtual Desktop
12 11 (1.01%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
12 11 (1.01%) iptables
12 11 (1.01%) Microsoft App-V
13 10 (0.92%) Firmware
14 6 (0.55%) KVM
14 6 (0.55%) Xen
15 5 (0.46%) XenApp
16 4 (0.37%) Citrix Hypervisor
Systems Management
1 133 (12.27%) Terraform
2 125 (11.53%) Ansible
3 89 (8.21%) Microsoft Intune
4 82 (7.56%) SCCM
5 78 (7.20%) Kubernetes
6 50 (4.61%) FortiGate
7 28 (2.58%) Nagios
8 26 (2.40%) Puppet
9 19 (1.75%) AirWatch
10 17 (1.57%) Grafana
11 16 (1.48%) Prometheus
12 15 (1.38%) Active Directory Federation Services
12 15 (1.38%) Opscode Chef
13 14 (1.29%) CASB
13 14 (1.29%) ZABBIX
14 13 (1.20%) Istio
14 13 (1.20%) Rundeck
14 13 (1.20%) Single Sign-On
14 13 (1.20%) vCenter Server
15 11 (1.01%) WSUS
Vendors
1 396 (36.53%) Cisco
2 337 (31.09%) Microsoft
3 185 (17.07%) VMware
4 148 (13.65%) Palo Alto
5 123 (11.35%) Juniper
6 111 (10.24%) Citrix
7 103 (9.50%) CheckPoint
8 94 (8.67%) F5
9 76 (7.01%) HP
10 74 (6.83%) Fortinet
10 74 (6.83%) Meraki
11 73 (6.73%) Oracle
12 72 (6.64%) Apple
13 58 (5.35%) Red Hat
14 56 (5.17%) McAfee
15 55 (5.07%) Google
16 48 (4.43%) SolarWinds
17 36 (3.32%) Aruba
18 33 (3.04%) Dell
19 32 (2.95%) Zscaler