Period
to 20 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 20 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
20 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 232 205 217
Rank change year-on-year -27 +12 -14
Contract jobs citing VPN 1,257 1,206 1,393
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.21% 1.27% 1.27%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.09% 9.27% 8.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 747 701 879
UK median daily rate £413 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +3.45%
10th Percentile £145 £154 £184
90th Percentile £600 £563 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £384 £363
% change year-on-year +4.23% +5.86% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 97 110 63
UK median hourly rate £15.00 £18.05 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.90% -9.75% +17.65%
10th Percentile £11.90 £10.50 £10.53
90th Percentile £36.02 £50.00 £46.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £13.95 £15.00 £18.75
% change year-on-year -7.00% -20.00% +12.88%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 13,822 13,011 16,966
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.27% 13.66% 15.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,490 7,819 10,276
UK median daily rate £425 £410 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £203 £204 £224
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £395 £385 £375
% change year-on-year +2.60% +2.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 776 767 788
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £19.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.56% -22.00% +21.65%
10th Percentile £12.20 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £47.50 £50.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £19.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% -24.00% +19.05%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing VPN.

Contractor daily rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 20 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN.

Contractor hourly rate trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 20 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 20 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -14 1,165 £413 +3.13% 330
UK excluding London -22 710 £400 +4.23% 225
London -11 521 £425 - 124
South East -45 228 £421 +5.31% 59
Midlands +46 149 £400 +6.67% 24
North of England -54 132 £423 +5.63% 61
West Midlands +20 108 £463 +19.35% 15
East of England +33 87 £375 +87.50% 37
North West -42 71 £425 +6.25% 29
Yorkshire -42 53 £413 -8.33% 27
South West -18 49 £375 +15.38% 25
Scotland -38 44 £255 -29.17% 11
East Midlands +26 41 £319 +155.20% 9
Wales +5 25 £363 +13.28% 4
North East +2 11 £625 +127.27% 5

For the 6 months to 20 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 617 (49.09%) Firewall
2 546 (43.44%) Cisco
3 508 (40.41%) Windows
4 372 (29.59%) Active Directory
5 363 (28.88%) WAN
6 348 (27.68%) Microsoft
7 290 (23.07%) LAN
8 281 (22.35%) DNS
9 265 (21.08%) Microsoft Azure
10 259 (20.60%) ITIL
11 245 (19.49%) MPLS
12 226 (17.98%) VMware
13 221 (17.58%) TCP/IP
14 216 (17.18%) CheckPoint
15 215 (17.10%) Cisco Certification
16 209 (16.63%) Security Cleared
17 201 (15.99%) Data Centre
18 199 (15.83%) Network Security
19 198 (15.75%) Juniper
20 194 (15.43%) DHCP
20 194 (15.43%) Wireless
21 193 (15.35%) Linux
21 193 (15.35%) Amazon AWS
21 193 (15.35%) Office 365
22 192 (15.27%) BGP
23 186 (14.80%) Cisco ASA
24 182 (14.48%) VMware Infrastructure
25 181 (14.40%) Microsoft Office
26 177 (14.08%) Citrix
27 171 (13.60%) Windows Server

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 89 (7.08%) MS Exchange
2 59 (4.69%) SharePoint
3 58 (4.61%) Skype for Business
4 52 (4.14%) Exchange Server 2010
5 34 (2.70%) Apache
6 26 (2.07%) Confluence
7 25 (1.99%) Exchange Server 2013
7 25 (1.99%) nginx
8 21 (1.67%) Apache Spark
8 21 (1.67%) IIS
9 17 (1.35%) Elasticsearch
10 15 (1.19%) Exchange Server 2007
10 15 (1.19%) OpenStack
11 14 (1.11%) Tomcat
12 13 (1.03%) Exchange Server 2003
12 13 (1.03%) IBM Notes
13 7 (0.56%) Apache Pig
13 7 (0.56%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
14 6 (0.48%) Apache Solr
15 5 (0.40%) Jetty
Applications
1 181 (14.40%) Microsoft Office
2 28 (2.23%) MS Visio
3 27 (2.15%) Microsoft Excel
4 9 (0.72%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.24%) Mozilla Thunderbird
6 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.080%) Acrobat
7 1 (0.080%) AutoCAD
7 1 (0.080%) Revit
Business Applications
1 5 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
1 5 (0.40%) Remedy ITSM
2 4 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.24%) Eikon
4 2 (0.16%) Relativity
5 1 (0.080%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.080%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.080%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.080%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 265 (21.08%) Microsoft Azure
2 193 (15.35%) Amazon AWS
2 193 (15.35%) Office 365
3 55 (4.38%) IaaS
4 51 (4.06%) PaaS
5 47 (3.74%) SaaS
6 30 (2.39%) Azure Active Directory
7 26 (2.07%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 25 (1.99%) Amazon EC2
9 20 (1.59%) GitHub
10 19 (1.51%) Amazon S3
11 17 (1.35%) AWS CloudFormation
12 16 (1.27%) OneDrive
13 15 (1.19%) Google Cloud Platform
14 12 (0.95%) Serverless
15 8 (0.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 8 (0.64%) AWS Lambda
16 7 (0.56%) Amazon ELB
17 6 (0.48%) Cloud Computing
18 5 (0.40%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 617 (49.09%) Firewall
2 363 (28.88%) WAN
3 290 (23.07%) LAN
4 281 (22.35%) DNS
5 245 (19.49%) MPLS
6 221 (17.58%) TCP/IP
7 199 (15.83%) Network Security
8 194 (15.43%) DHCP
8 194 (15.43%) Wireless
9 192 (15.27%) BGP
10 186 (14.80%) Cisco ASA
11 153 (12.17%) OSPF
12 150 (11.93%) VLAN
13 145 (11.54%) IPsec
14 117 (9.31%) Internet
15 109 (8.67%) SSL
16 101 (8.04%) VoIP
17 85 (6.76%) Cisco Nexus
18 78 (6.21%) SAN
19 74 (5.89%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 50 (3.98%) SQL Server
2 45 (3.58%) MySQL
3 35 (2.78%) Hadoop
4 27 (2.15%) NoSQL
5 25 (1.99%) Big Data
6 24 (1.91%) Amazon RDS
7 21 (1.67%) PostgreSQL
8 13 (1.03%) Amazon Redshift
8 13 (1.03%) Apache Hive
9 12 (0.95%) Relational Database
10 10 (0.80%) Data Warehouse
10 10 (0.80%) Oracle Database
10 10 (0.80%) Redis
11 9 (0.72%) Azure SQL Database
11 9 (0.72%) Power BI
12 8 (0.64%) Data Lake
12 8 (0.64%) Data Mining
13 7 (0.56%) MariaDB
13 7 (0.56%) MongoDB
13 7 (0.56%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 70 (5.57%) Jenkins
2 41 (3.26%) JIRA
3 39 (3.10%) Git (software)
4 22 (1.75%) VSS/SourceSafe
5 17 (1.35%) Team Foundation Server
6 16 (1.27%) Bitbucket
7 13 (1.03%) Artifactory
8 12 (0.95%) GitLab
8 12 (0.95%) Visual Studio Team System
9 11 (0.88%) Sonatype Nexus
10 10 (0.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 10 (0.80%) Gerrit
11 6 (0.48%) FishEye
11 6 (0.48%) SonarQube
12 5 (0.40%) Ant
12 5 (0.40%) Maven
12 5 (0.40%) Mercurial
12 5 (0.40%) Subversion
12 5 (0.40%) Visual Studio
13 4 (0.32%) Hudson
General
1 151 (12.01%) Finance
2 100 (7.96%) Telecoms
3 27 (2.15%) Legal
4 23 (1.83%) Law
5 22 (1.75%) Retail
6 20 (1.59%) Banking
6 20 (1.59%) Manufacturing
7 12 (0.95%) Games
8 10 (0.80%) German Language
9 9 (0.72%) Advertising
9 9 (0.72%) Financial Institution
9 9 (0.72%) Publishing
10 7 (0.56%) French Language
10 7 (0.56%) Marketing
11 6 (0.48%) Back Office
11 6 (0.48%) Multimedia
12 5 (0.40%) Billing
13 4 (0.32%) Italian Language
13 4 (0.32%) Local Government
14 3 (0.24%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 265 (21.08%) Network Engineer
2 173 (13.76%) Architect
3 168 (13.37%) Analyst
4 107 (8.51%) Support Engineer
5 80 (6.36%) Desktop Support
6 79 (6.28%) Security Engineer
7 75 (5.97%) Consultant
8 65 (5.17%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 64 (5.09%) Network Security Engineer
10 60 (4.77%) IT Support
11 59 (4.69%) Network Architect
12 58 (4.61%) 2nd Line Support
12 58 (4.61%) Support Analyst
13 54 (4.30%) DevOps Engineer
14 53 (4.22%) Cisco Engineer
15 51 (4.06%) Service Analyst
16 50 (3.98%) Service Desk Analyst
17 46 (3.66%) Cisco Network Engineer
18 45 (3.58%) Cloud Engineer
19 43 (3.42%) Firewall Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 46 (3.66%) 802.1X
2 38 (3.02%) Web Services
3 27 (2.15%) JSON
4 24 (1.91%) LDAP
5 17 (1.35%) Elastic Stack
5 17 (1.35%) HTML
5 17 (1.35%) Kafka
5 17 (1.35%) XML
6 16 (1.27%) LAMP
7 13 (1.03%) LEMP Stack
8 12 (0.95%) WAP
9 10 (0.80%) HTML5
10 9 (0.72%) Middleware
11 8 (0.64%) RabbitMQ
12 7 (0.56%) LAPP Stack
12 7 (0.56%) REST
13 6 (0.48%) Natural Language Processing
13 6 (0.48%) Play Framework
13 6 (0.48%) React
13 6 (0.48%) Samza
Miscellaneous
1 201 (15.99%) Data Centre
2 96 (7.64%) Analytical Skills
3 54 (4.30%) PKI
4 47 (3.74%) Public Cloud
5 45 (3.58%) Blackberry
6 41 (3.26%) Management Information System
7 33 (2.63%) Computer Science
8 29 (2.31%) Self-Motivation
9 25 (1.99%) iPhone
10 24 (1.91%) Video Conferencing
11 23 (1.83%) Replication
11 23 (1.83%) Smartphone
12 22 (1.75%) iPad
13 21 (1.67%) Driving Licence
14 18 (1.43%) RSA SecurID
15 15 (1.19%) Algorithms
15 15 (1.19%) Hybrid Cloud
15 15 (1.19%) Mobile App
16 12 (0.95%) Mobile Computing
17 11 (0.88%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 508 (40.41%) Windows
2 193 (15.35%) Linux
3 171 (13.60%) Windows Server
4 153 (12.17%) Windows 10
5 152 (12.09%) Windows 7
6 87 (6.92%) Windows Server 2008
7 74 (5.89%) Windows Server 2012
8 67 (5.33%) Windows XP
9 65 (5.17%) Unix
10 56 (4.46%) Apple iOS
11 49 (3.90%) Android
12 48 (3.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 33 (2.63%) CentOS
14 30 (2.39%) Windows 8
15 26 (2.07%) Mac OS X
16 23 (1.83%) Ubuntu
16 23 (1.83%) Windows Server 2003
17 20 (1.59%) Mac OS
18 16 (1.27%) VMS
19 13 (1.03%) Check Point GAiA
Processes & Methodologies
1 259 (20.60%) ITIL
2 119 (9.47%) DevOps
3 110 (8.75%) Load Balancing
4 109 (8.67%) Migration
5 98 (7.80%) Problem-Solving
6 81 (6.44%) Agile Software Development
7 76 (6.05%) Network Design
8 71 (5.65%) Configuration Management
9 70 (5.57%) Service Delivery
10 67 (5.33%) Change Management
11 65 (5.17%) Project Management
12 60 (4.77%) Network Management
12 60 (4.77%) Problem Management
13 58 (4.61%) Service Management
14 57 (4.53%) Disaster Recovery
14 57 (4.53%) Mentoring
15 50 (3.98%) Continuous Integration
15 50 (3.98%) Network Virtualisation
16 47 (3.74%) ITIL V3
17 43 (3.42%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 109 (8.67%) PowerShell
2 100 (7.96%) SQL
3 64 (5.09%) Python
4 47 (3.74%) Bash Shell
5 38 (3.02%) Java
6 31 (2.47%) Perl
7 26 (2.07%) C
8 25 (1.99%) Ruby
9 16 (1.27%) Shell Script
10 14 (1.11%) JavaScript
11 13 (1.03%) Go
12 12 (0.95%) Scala
12 12 (0.95%) VB
13 8 (0.64%) PHP
14 6 (0.48%) R
14 6 (0.48%) VBScript
15 3 (0.24%) C#
15 3 (0.24%) PL/SQL
15 3 (0.24%) T-SQL
15 3 (0.24%) VBA
Qualifications
1 215 (17.10%) Cisco Certification
2 209 (16.63%) Security Cleared
3 169 (13.44%) CCNP
4 161 (12.81%) SC Cleared
5 84 (6.68%) CCNA
6 66 (5.25%) Microsoft Certification
7 61 (4.85%) Degree
8 52 (4.14%) DV Cleared
9 45 (3.58%) CCIE
10 35 (2.78%) JNCIS
11 34 (2.70%) MCSE
12 32 (2.55%) CCDP
13 28 (2.23%) CISSP
14 26 (2.07%) CCSE
15 24 (1.91%) MCSA
16 22 (1.75%) Computer Science Degree
16 22 (1.75%) ITIL Certification
17 21 (1.67%) JNCIA
18 20 (1.59%) CISM
19 19 (1.51%) CCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 95 (7.56%) SLA
2 29 (2.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 19 (1.51%) PCI DSS
3 19 (1.51%) QA
4 13 (1.03%) GDPR
5 11 (0.88%) GCP
6 8 (0.64%) Disclosure Scotland
6 8 (0.64%) PMO
7 7 (0.56%) COBIT
8 6 (0.48%) Cyber Essentials
9 5 (0.40%) NIST 800
10 3 (0.24%) RMADS
10 3 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.080%) FATCA
12 1 (0.080%) FIPS 140-2
12 1 (0.080%) Government Security Classifications
12 1 (0.080%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 1 (0.080%) PSD2
12 1 (0.080%) TARGET2
System Software
1 372 (29.59%) Active Directory
2 182 (14.48%) VMware Infrastructure
3 86 (6.84%) Hyper-V
4 52 (4.14%) Docker
5 45 (3.58%) BitLocker
5 45 (3.58%) vSphere
6 41 (3.26%) Virtual Machines
7 40 (3.18%) XenApp
8 38 (3.02%) VMware NSX
9 30 (2.39%) XenDesktop
10 27 (2.15%) Microsoft App-V
11 18 (1.43%) VMware ESXi
12 16 (1.27%) Virtual Desktop
12 16 (1.27%) VirtualBox
13 11 (0.88%) NFS
13 11 (0.88%) Xen
14 10 (0.80%) ProxySG
14 10 (0.80%) Terminal Services
15 9 (0.72%) KVM
15 9 (0.72%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 123 (9.79%) SCCM
2 87 (6.92%) Ansible
3 71 (5.65%) Terraform
4 52 (4.14%) FortiGate
5 37 (2.94%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (2.86%) Kubernetes
6 36 (2.86%) Puppet
7 32 (2.55%) SCOM
8 28 (2.23%) Microsoft Intune
9 20 (1.59%) WSUS
10 19 (1.51%) Nagios
11 18 (1.43%) Single Sign-On
12 17 (1.35%) Backup Exec
12 17 (1.35%) HAProxy
13 16 (1.27%) OpenView
14 14 (1.11%) Norton AntiVirus
14 14 (1.11%) OVSD
14 14 (1.11%) Prometheus
15 13 (1.03%) McAfee ePO
16 12 (0.95%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 546 (43.44%) Cisco
2 348 (27.68%) Microsoft
3 226 (17.98%) VMware
4 216 (17.18%) CheckPoint
5 198 (15.75%) Juniper
6 177 (14.08%) Citrix
7 124 (9.86%) HP
8 94 (7.48%) F5
9 91 (7.24%) Palo Alto
10 78 (6.21%) McAfee
11 75 (5.97%) Aruba
11 75 (5.97%) Oracle
12 65 (5.17%) Fortinet
13 58 (4.61%) Apple
14 56 (4.46%) SolarWinds
15 40 (3.18%) Red Hat
16 34 (2.70%) Ivanti
16 34 (2.70%) Meraki
17 32 (2.55%) Qualys
17 32 (2.55%) Veeam