Period
to 21 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 21 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 613 500 634
Rank change year-on-year -113 +134 -71
Permanent jobs citing SSL 493 195 531
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.39% 0.40% 0.39%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 3.03% 2.61% 2.49%
Number of salaries quoted 324 131 363
10th Percentile £35,000 £36,000 £36,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,520 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year -12.50% +9.09% +10.00%
75th Percentile £70,000 £75,000 £74,875
90th Percentile £82,500 £90,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +11.11%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 16,254 7,476 21,306
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.88% 15.28% 15.55%
Number of salaries quoted 11,186 6,106 16,623
10th Percentile £27,500 £30,000 £25,750
25th Percentile £36,250 £37,500 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £46,000
Median % change year-on-year - +8.70% -3.16%
75th Percentile £68,750 £67,500 £62,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SSL.

Salary trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Salary histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -116 413 £50,000 -23.08% 92
UK excluding London -113 262 £55,000 +10.00% 73
London -111 194 £50,500 -30.34% 26
Work from Home -211 96 £62,500 +25.00% 9
South East -105 77 £57,500 -17.86% 20
North of England -143 45 £47,500 +18.75% 18
South West -48 39 £45,500 -4.21% 11
Midlands -88 34 £47,500 +11.76% 11
East Midlands -54 28 £47,500 - 5
Yorkshire -79 23 £52,500 -12.50% 5
Scotland -70 21 £58,750 +51.61% 3
North West -113 21 £47,500 +11.76% 8
Northern Ireland -33 18 £75,000 +78.57% 1
East of England -99 17 £45,000 -5.26% 4
Wales -44 11 £47,500 +5.56% 5
West Midlands -108 6 £51,250 +60.16% 6
North East -32 1 £60,000 +71.43% 5

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, IT jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SSL.

1 203 (41.18%) Linux
2 171 (34.69%) Firewall
3 163 (33.06%) DNS
4 152 (30.83%) Windows
5 134 (27.18%) Azure
6 128 (25.96%) VPN
7 121 (24.54%) Problem-Solving
8 120 (24.34%) Microsoft
9 115 (23.33%) Active Directory
10 108 (21.91%) Agile Software Development
11 107 (21.70%) AWS
12 106 (21.50%) SQL
13 104 (21.10%) DevOps
14 99 (20.08%) Microsoft 365
15 91 (18.46%) Social Skills
16 90 (18.26%) Java
17 87 (17.65%) CSS
18 86 (17.44%) Git (software)
19 84 (17.04%) JavaScript
20 81 (16.43%) LDAP
20 81 (16.43%) TCP/IP
21 79 (16.02%) HTML
22 78 (15.82%) VMware
23 77 (15.62%) Windows Server
24 73 (14.81%) Kubernetes
25 72 (14.60%) Docker
25 72 (14.60%) Python
26 71 (14.40%) Cisco
26 71 (14.40%) PowerShell
27 70 (14.20%) PKI

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (8.11%) IIS
2 34 (6.90%) Elasticsearch
2 34 (6.90%) WordPress
3 31 (6.29%) SharePoint
4 27 (5.48%) MS Exchange
5 25 (5.07%) Confluence
6 24 (4.87%) CMS
7 20 (4.06%) nginx
7 20 (4.06%) Sitecore CMS
8 19 (3.85%) Apache
9 17 (3.45%) Tomcat
9 17 (3.45%) Umbraco
10 8 (1.62%) Headless CMS
11 7 (1.42%) Drupal
11 7 (1.42%) WebSphere
12 6 (1.22%) Kentico
13 5 (1.01%) JCAPS
13 5 (1.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 5 (1.01%) SAS
14 3 (0.61%) EPiServer
Applications
1 12 (2.43%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (1.42%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.41%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 19 (3.85%) Payment Gateway
2 13 (2.64%) R3 Corda
3 12 (2.43%) Distributed Ledger
4 11 (2.23%) Sage 200
5 7 (1.42%) Remedy ITSM
6 3 (0.61%) Maximo
7 2 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.20%) Dynamics GP
8 1 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.20%) Magento
8 1 (0.20%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.20%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 134 (27.18%) Azure
2 107 (21.70%) AWS
3 99 (20.08%) Microsoft 365
4 55 (11.16%) SaaS
5 49 (9.94%) PaaS
6 36 (7.30%) IaaS
7 32 (6.49%) Cloud Computing
7 32 (6.49%) Serverless
8 28 (5.68%) Amazon EC2
8 28 (5.68%) Azure Active Directory
9 27 (5.48%) GCP
10 21 (4.26%) AWS CloudFormation
10 21 (4.26%) AWS Lambda
10 21 (4.26%) Mimecast
11 19 (3.85%) Amazon ECS
11 19 (3.85%) GitHub
12 18 (3.65%) Amazon S3
12 18 (3.65%) Azure Stack
13 17 (3.45%) CloudFront
14 16 (3.25%) Google Workspace
Communications & Networking
1 171 (34.69%) Firewall
2 163 (33.06%) DNS
3 128 (25.96%) VPN
4 81 (16.43%) TCP/IP
5 69 (14.00%) DHCP
6 66 (13.39%) HTTP
7 58 (11.76%) SMTP
7 58 (11.76%) VoIP
8 56 (11.36%) IPsec
9 52 (10.55%) LAN
10 46 (9.33%) WAN
11 40 (8.11%) Network Security
12 37 (7.51%) VLAN
13 32 (6.49%) Wireless
14 28 (5.68%) Internet
15 24 (4.87%) SSH
16 23 (4.67%) Cisco ASA
17 22 (4.46%) BGP
17 22 (4.46%) SAN
18 17 (3.45%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 68 (13.79%) SQL Server
2 56 (11.36%) MySQL
3 40 (8.11%) MariaDB
4 35 (7.10%) Big Data
4 35 (7.10%) PostgreSQL
5 30 (6.09%) NoSQL
6 28 (5.68%) Oracle Database
7 25 (5.07%) Amazon RDS
8 22 (4.46%) Relational Database
9 16 (3.25%) RDBMS
10 13 (2.64%) Blockchain
10 13 (2.64%) Hadoop
11 9 (1.83%) Apache Cassandra
12 6 (1.22%) DB2
12 6 (1.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 5 (1.01%) MongoDB
14 4 (0.81%) Power BI
14 4 (0.81%) SQL Server 2016
14 4 (0.81%) SQL Server 2017
14 4 (0.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 86 (17.44%) Git (software)
2 67 (13.59%) JIRA
3 60 (12.17%) Jenkins
4 23 (4.67%) Maven
5 16 (3.25%) JUnit
5 16 (3.25%) Mockito
6 11 (2.23%) Visual Studio
6 11 (2.23%) webpack
7 10 (2.03%) Artifactory
7 10 (2.03%) Subversion
8 9 (1.83%) GitLab
9 7 (1.42%) PHPUnit
9 7 (1.42%) Vagrant
10 6 (1.22%) Gradle
10 6 (1.22%) SoapUI
11 5 (1.01%) Bitbucket
11 5 (1.01%) Rational Rhapsody
11 5 (1.01%) Sonatype Nexus
12 3 (0.61%) CF BOSH
12 3 (0.61%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 91 (18.46%) Social Skills
2 66 (13.39%) Finance
3 61 (12.37%) Analytical Skills
4 24 (4.87%) Presentation Skills
5 20 (4.06%) Telecoms
6 19 (3.85%) Banking
7 15 (3.04%) Documentation Skills
8 14 (2.84%) Billing
8 14 (2.84%) Marketing
9 13 (2.64%) Pharmaceutical
10 9 (1.83%) Influencing Skills
11 8 (1.62%) Manufacturing
11 8 (1.62%) Public Sector
12 6 (1.22%) Back Office
12 6 (1.22%) Legal
12 6 (1.22%) Organisational Skills
12 6 (1.22%) Retail
13 4 (0.81%) Electronics
13 4 (0.81%) Police
14 3 (0.61%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 70 (14.20%) Developer
2 40 (8.11%) Network Engineer
3 39 (7.91%) Senior Developer
4 37 (7.51%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 29 (5.88%) PHP Developer
6 28 (5.68%) DevOps Engineer
7 26 (5.27%) Security Engineer
8 25 (5.07%) Architect
9 24 (4.87%) Platform Engineer
9 24 (4.87%) Support Engineer
9 24 (4.87%) Systems Engineer
10 23 (4.67%) Software Engineer
11 22 (4.46%) 3rd Line Engineer
11 22 (4.46%) Cloud Engineer
11 22 (4.46%) IT Engineer
12 21 (4.26%) Senior PHP Developer
12 21 (4.26%) Systems Support
13 20 (4.06%) Administrator
13 20 (4.06%) Consultant
14 19 (3.85%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 87 (17.65%) CSS
2 81 (16.43%) LDAP
3 79 (16.02%) HTML
4 68 (13.79%) REST
5 60 (12.17%) Web Services
6 52 (10.55%) XML
7 51 (10.34%) SOAP
8 49 (9.94%) SAML
9 46 (9.33%) LAMP
10 45 (9.13%) AngularJS
11 43 (8.72%) Spring
12 40 (8.11%) JDBC
13 35 (7.10%) RESTful
14 34 (6.90%) Java EE
14 34 (6.90%) Kafka
14 34 (6.90%) Spring Boot
15 30 (6.09%) React
16 29 (5.88%) jQuery
17 26 (5.27%) CSS3
18 24 (4.87%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 70 (14.20%) PKI
2 46 (9.33%) Data Centre
3 37 (7.51%) Clustering
4 31 (6.29%) Mobile App
5 25 (5.07%) User Experience
6 24 (4.87%) Self-Motivation
7 23 (4.67%) iPhone
8 21 (4.26%) Enterprise Software
8 21 (4.26%) Management Information System
9 18 (3.65%) Enterprise Storage
10 17 (3.45%) Tandem
11 16 (3.25%) SWIFT
12 13 (2.64%) Public Cloud
13 11 (2.23%) Hybrid Cloud
13 11 (2.23%) Renewable Energy
13 11 (2.23%) Virtual Team
14 9 (1.83%) CMDB
15 6 (1.22%) Digital Media
15 6 (1.22%) Video Conferencing
16 5 (1.01%) Cyberthreat
Operating Systems
1 203 (41.18%) Linux
2 152 (30.83%) Windows
3 77 (15.62%) Windows Server
4 37 (7.51%) Windows 10
5 27 (5.48%) Unix
6 25 (5.07%) Windows Server 2012
7 21 (4.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 21 (4.26%) Windows Server 2019
8 20 (4.06%) Android
9 17 (3.45%) Mac OS
10 15 (3.04%) CentOS
11 12 (2.43%) Solaris
12 11 (2.23%) Apple iOS
13 10 (2.03%) Ubuntu
14 5 (1.01%) Windows Server 2016
15 3 (0.61%) AIX
15 3 (0.61%) Windows Server 2008
15 3 (0.61%) zOS
16 2 (0.41%) Windows 7
17 1 (0.20%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 121 (24.54%) Problem-Solving
2 108 (21.91%) Agile Software Development
3 104 (21.10%) DevOps
4 60 (12.17%) Software Engineering
5 50 (10.14%) ITIL
6 45 (9.13%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 43 (8.72%) Disaster Recovery
7 43 (8.72%) Load Balancing
7 43 (8.72%) Unit Testing
8 40 (8.11%) Microservices
9 38 (7.71%) Computer Science
10 37 (7.51%) Cybersecurity
10 37 (7.51%) Migration
10 37 (7.51%) Project Management
11 35 (7.10%) High Availability
11 35 (7.10%) Scrum
12 34 (6.90%) Configuration Management
12 34 (6.90%) ITSM
12 34 (6.90%) Open Source
13 33 (6.69%) Full Stack Development
Programming Languages
1 106 (21.50%) SQL
2 90 (18.26%) Java
3 84 (17.04%) JavaScript
4 72 (14.60%) Python
5 71 (14.40%) PowerShell
6 55 (11.16%) Bash Shell
7 44 (8.92%) PHP
8 19 (3.85%) C#
9 17 (3.45%) Java 8
10 16 (3.25%) Perl
11 15 (3.04%) Shell Script
12 14 (2.84%) Kotlin
12 14 (2.84%) TypeScript
13 13 (2.64%) Ruby
14 7 (1.42%) CFML
14 7 (1.42%) R
15 6 (1.22%) C
15 6 (1.22%) C++
16 5 (1.01%) PL/SQL
17 4 (0.81%) Tcl
Qualifications
1 49 (9.94%) Degree
2 24 (4.87%) Cisco Certification
2 24 (4.87%) Computer Science Degree
3 18 (3.65%) CCNA
3 18 (3.65%) CCNP
4 16 (3.25%) Security Cleared
5 14 (2.84%) Microsoft Certification
6 8 (1.62%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 8 (1.62%) VCP6
6 8 (1.62%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 7 (1.42%) CEH
7 7 (1.42%) CISA
7 7 (1.42%) SC Cleared
8 6 (1.22%) GIAC
8 6 (1.22%) ISEB
8 6 (1.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 6 (1.22%) OSCE
8 6 (1.22%) OSCP
9 4 (0.81%) CISSP
10 3 (0.61%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (7.91%) QA
2 32 (6.49%) PCI DSS
3 24 (4.87%) GDPR
4 21 (4.26%) Accessibility
5 18 (3.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 11 (2.23%) NCSC
6 11 (2.23%) WCAG
7 10 (2.03%) NIST
8 6 (1.22%) HL7
9 5 (1.01%) SLA
10 3 (0.61%) GRC
10 3 (0.61%) HIPAA
11 2 (0.41%) Cyber Essentials
11 2 (0.41%) Disclosure Scotland
11 2 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.20%) COBIT
12 1 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 1 (0.20%) Data Quality
12 1 (0.20%) ISO 9001
12 1 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 115 (23.33%) Active Directory
2 72 (14.60%) Docker
3 39 (7.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 35 (7.10%) Hyper-V
5 33 (6.69%) vSphere
6 16 (3.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 14 (2.84%) Virtual Servers
8 13 (2.64%) Virtual Machines
9 9 (1.83%) iptables
9 9 (1.83%) VMware ESXi
10 5 (1.01%) ProxySG
11 4 (0.81%) Virtual Desktop
12 2 (0.41%) Gluster
12 2 (0.41%) OpenAM
12 2 (0.41%) OpenIDM
12 2 (0.41%) RACF
12 2 (0.41%) Varnish
13 1 (0.20%) Firmware
13 1 (0.20%) NFS
13 1 (0.20%) Xen
Systems Management
1 73 (14.81%) Kubernetes
2 64 (12.98%) Ansible
3 50 (10.14%) Terraform
4 39 (7.91%) Single Sign-On
5 33 (6.69%) Puppet
6 28 (5.68%) Opscode Chef
7 27 (5.48%) SCCM
8 22 (4.46%) Grafana
8 22 (4.46%) Prometheus
9 19 (3.85%) Microsoft Intune
10 16 (3.25%) HAProxy
11 15 (3.04%) Failover Clustering
12 13 (2.64%) FortiGate
13 9 (1.83%) Graphite
13 9 (1.83%) HP Quality Center
14 8 (1.62%) CSIRT
14 8 (1.62%) Istio
14 8 (1.62%) Nagios
15 7 (1.42%) Rancher
15 7 (1.42%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 120 (24.34%) Microsoft
2 78 (15.82%) VMware
3 71 (14.40%) Cisco
4 52 (10.55%) Red Hat
5 39 (7.91%) Oracle
6 32 (6.49%) ServiceNow
6 32 (6.49%) Splunk
7 31 (6.29%) Palo Alto
8 28 (5.68%) Aruba
8 28 (5.68%) F5
9 23 (4.67%) Apple
10 22 (4.46%) HP
11 20 (4.06%) Sitecore
12 19 (3.85%) CheckPoint
12 19 (3.85%) SonicWALL
13 18 (3.65%) 3PAR
13 18 (3.65%) Scality
13 18 (3.65%) Veeam
14 16 (3.25%) SolarWinds
15 13 (2.64%) IBM