Period
to 22 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 22 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 595 557 468
Rank change year-on-year -38 -89 +3
Permanent jobs citing SSL 534 811 1,136
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.39% 0.49% 0.65%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 2.51% 3.31% 4.10%
Number of salaries quoted 376 638 850
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% +3.09% -3.00%
10th Percentile £36,250 £31,600 £32,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 21,263 24,501 27,712
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.54% 14.87% 15.89%
Number of salaries quoted 16,335 19,384 22,543
UK median annual salary £45,750 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.68% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £25,750 £26,000 £25,750
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SSL.

Salary trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Salary histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -71 500 £56,250 +12.50% 98
UK excluding London -74 333 £50,000 +5.26% 69
London +13 185 £60,125 +4.57% 34
South East +74 127 £72,500 +45.00% 29
East of England +50 92 £45,000 -9.09% 12
North of England -63 43 £52,500 +16.67% 14
South West -37 35 £80,000 +77.78% 3
Midlands -1 29 £80,000 +88.24% 6
North West -31 22 £52,500 +16.67% 5
Scotland +25 20 £50,000 -0.89% 4
West Midlands -4 18 £80,000 +52.38% 4
Yorkshire -4 15 £50,000 +21.95% 7
East Midlands +18 11 £37,500 -3.00% 2
North East +5 6 £61,000 +35.56% 2
Wales +17 3 £45,000 -33.33%

For the 6 months to 22 October 2019, IT jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SSL.

1 262 (49.06%) Firewall
2 199 (37.27%) DNS
3 160 (29.96%) VPN
3 160 (29.96%) Microsoft
4 152 (28.46%) Linux
5 145 (27.15%) Cisco
6 138 (25.84%) Azure
7 129 (24.16%) Windows
8 128 (23.97%) SQL
9 117 (21.91%) TCP/IP
10 115 (21.54%) HTTP
11 108 (20.22%) DevOps
12 104 (19.48%) AWS
12 104 (19.48%) IPsec
13 103 (19.29%) Cisco Certification
14 100 (18.73%) DHCP
15 99 (18.54%) Python
15 99 (18.54%) Internet
15 99 (18.54%) Agile Software Development
16 98 (18.35%) Active Directory
17 97 (18.16%) Network Security
18 95 (17.79%) SQL Server
19 91 (17.04%) Java
19 91 (17.04%) Problem-Solving
20 87 (16.29%) Ansible
21 86 (16.10%) Bash Shell
22 84 (15.73%) Data Centre
23 83 (15.54%) VMware
24 82 (15.36%) Palo Alto
25 80 (14.98%) WAN

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 65 (12.17%) Apache
2 54 (10.11%) IIS
3 52 (9.74%) nginx
4 37 (6.93%) Tomcat
5 24 (4.49%) SharePoint
6 23 (4.31%) Elasticsearch
7 22 (4.12%) JBoss
7 22 (4.12%) MS Exchange
8 19 (3.56%) Apache Spark
9 16 (3.00%) OpenStack
10 14 (2.62%) Exchange Server 2010
10 14 (2.62%) Exchange Server 2013
11 13 (2.43%) WebLogic
12 10 (1.87%) CMS
12 10 (1.87%) Confluence
12 10 (1.87%) Skype for Business
13 8 (1.50%) WebSphere
14 6 (1.12%) SharePoint 2010
14 6 (1.12%) Sitefinity
15 4 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 12 (2.25%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (1.31%) Gephi
3 3 (0.56%) Acrobat
3 3 (0.56%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (0.56%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 6 (1.12%) Dynamics GP
2 2 (0.37%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 138 (25.84%) Azure
2 104 (19.48%) AWS
3 55 (10.30%) Office 365
4 52 (9.74%) SaaS
5 23 (4.31%) IaaS
6 20 (3.75%) PaaS
7 18 (3.37%) AWS CloudFormation
8 16 (3.00%) AWS Lambda
8 16 (3.00%) Cloud Computing
8 16 (3.00%) Serverless
9 14 (2.62%) Amazon EC2
9 14 (2.62%) Amazon EKS
9 14 (2.62%) Amazon S3
10 10 (1.87%) GCP
10 10 (1.87%) GitHub
11 9 (1.69%) Amazon ECS
11 9 (1.69%) npm
12 7 (1.31%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 7 (1.31%) Amazon Kinesis
12 7 (1.31%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 262 (49.06%) Firewall
2 199 (37.27%) DNS
3 160 (29.96%) VPN
4 117 (21.91%) TCP/IP
5 115 (21.54%) HTTP
6 104 (19.48%) IPsec
7 100 (18.73%) DHCP
8 99 (18.54%) Internet
9 97 (18.16%) Network Security
10 80 (14.98%) WAN
11 77 (14.42%) LAN
12 64 (11.99%) Wireless
13 62 (11.61%) BGP
14 58 (10.86%) HTTPS
15 57 (10.67%) OSPF
16 52 (9.74%) MPLS
17 47 (8.80%) SAN
18 35 (6.55%) Intrusion Detection
19 31 (5.81%) Cisco ASA
20 30 (5.62%) HSRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 95 (17.79%) SQL Server
2 39 (7.30%) MySQL
3 22 (4.12%) PostgreSQL
4 19 (3.56%) Redis
5 18 (3.37%) Big Data
6 17 (3.18%) Apache Hive
7 16 (3.00%) Hadoop
8 13 (2.43%) MongoDB
9 11 (2.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 11 (2.06%) Relational Database
10 10 (1.87%) Azure SQL Database
11 9 (1.69%) Amazon RDS
11 9 (1.69%) Apache Cassandra
11 9 (1.69%) HBase
11 9 (1.69%) Infinispan
11 9 (1.69%) SQL Server 2012
12 8 (1.50%) Impala
13 7 (1.31%) RDBMS
13 7 (1.31%) Sqoop
14 6 (1.12%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 68 (12.73%) Git (software)
2 56 (10.49%) Jenkins
3 21 (3.93%) Octopus Deploy
4 17 (3.18%) TeamCity
5 16 (3.00%) Ant
5 16 (3.00%) Sonatype Nexus
6 14 (2.62%) JIRA
6 14 (2.62%) Maven
7 13 (2.43%) Artifactory
8 11 (2.06%) Eclipse
8 11 (2.06%) Mercurial
9 10 (1.87%) Visual Studio Team System
9 10 (1.87%) VSS/SourceSafe
10 9 (1.69%) JUnit
10 9 (1.69%) NUnit
10 9 (1.69%) SonarQube
10 9 (1.69%) Team Foundation Server
10 9 (1.69%) Visual Studio
11 8 (1.50%) Bower
11 8 (1.50%) MSBuild
General
1 69 (12.92%) Finance
2 35 (6.55%) Retail
3 25 (4.68%) Marketing
4 24 (4.49%) Legal
5 23 (4.31%) Public Sector
6 22 (4.12%) Law
7 17 (3.18%) Banking
8 10 (1.87%) Manufacturing
9 6 (1.12%) Games
9 6 (1.12%) Telecoms
10 4 (0.75%) Front Office
10 4 (0.75%) Local Government
11 3 (0.56%) Financial Institution
12 2 (0.37%) Automotive
13 1 (0.19%) Back Office
13 1 (0.19%) Billing
13 1 (0.19%) French Language
13 1 (0.19%) Multimedia
13 1 (0.19%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 127 (23.78%) Network Engineer
2 63 (11.80%) Security Engineer
3 50 (9.36%) DevOps Engineer
4 49 (9.18%) Developer
4 49 (9.18%) Network Security Engineer
5 40 (7.49%) Architect
6 34 (6.37%) Analyst
6 34 (6.37%) Consultant
7 33 (6.18%) Administrator
8 30 (5.62%) Senior Network Engineer
9 29 (5.43%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 27 (5.06%) Linux Engineer
10 27 (5.06%) Systems Administrator
11 23 (4.31%) Senior Developer
11 23 (4.31%) Support Engineer
12 20 (3.75%) Applications Support
12 20 (3.75%) Java Developer
12 20 (3.75%) Security Architect
12 20 (3.75%) Senior DevOps
12 20 (3.75%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (9.55%) XML
2 47 (8.80%) HTML
3 46 (8.61%) REST
4 41 (7.68%) Elastic Stack
5 38 (7.12%) .NET
6 34 (6.37%) Web Services
7 33 (6.18%) SOAP
8 32 (5.99%) JSON
9 27 (5.06%) SAML
10 26 (4.87%) OAuth
11 25 (4.68%) LDAP
12 22 (4.12%) CSS
12 22 (4.12%) LAMP
13 19 (3.56%) OpenID
14 17 (3.18%) LAPP Stack
15 15 (2.81%) RabbitMQ
16 13 (2.43%) OAuth2
17 12 (2.25%) ASP.NET
17 12 (2.25%) RESTful
18 11 (2.06%) EJB
Miscellaneous
1 84 (15.73%) Data Centre
2 63 (11.80%) PKI
3 58 (10.86%) Analytical Skills
3 58 (10.86%) Management Information System
4 29 (5.43%) Self-Motivation
5 26 (4.87%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
5 26 (4.87%) User Experience
6 25 (4.68%) Replication
7 18 (3.37%) Security Operations Centre
8 14 (2.62%) Clustering
8 14 (2.62%) Cybercrime
9 13 (2.43%) Linux Command Line
10 11 (2.06%) Public Cloud
11 9 (1.69%) Social Media
12 8 (1.50%) Algorithms
12 8 (1.50%) Mobile App
13 7 (1.31%) Smart Meter
13 7 (1.31%) Wiki
14 6 (1.12%) Digital Media
14 6 (1.12%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 152 (28.46%) Linux
2 129 (24.16%) Windows
3 76 (14.23%) Windows Server
4 48 (8.99%) Unix
5 41 (7.68%) CentOS
6 40 (7.49%) Windows Server 2008
7 33 (6.18%) Windows Server 2012
8 26 (4.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 19 (3.56%) Windows Server 2003
10 16 (3.00%) Windows 10
11 14 (2.62%) Ubuntu
12 11 (2.06%) Solaris
13 10 (1.87%) Mac OS
14 9 (1.69%) Android
15 8 (1.50%) Windows 7
16 6 (1.12%) Debian
17 5 (0.94%) Apple iOS
18 4 (0.75%) Fedora
19 3 (0.56%) VyOS
20 2 (0.37%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 108 (20.22%) DevOps
2 99 (18.54%) Agile Software Development
3 91 (17.04%) Problem-Solving
4 79 (14.79%) ITIL
4 79 (14.79%) Load Balancing
5 74 (13.86%) Information Security
6 62 (11.61%) Configuration Management
6 62 (11.61%) Cybersecurity
7 57 (10.67%) Security Operations
8 51 (9.55%) Migration
9 45 (8.43%) Change Management
10 42 (7.87%) Continuous Integration
11 39 (7.30%) Analytics
11 39 (7.30%) SIEM
12 38 (7.12%) Computer Science
12 38 (7.12%) Continuous Improvement
13 36 (6.74%) Fintech
14 35 (6.55%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 35 (6.55%) Open Source
15 34 (6.37%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 128 (23.97%) SQL
2 99 (18.54%) Python
3 91 (17.04%) Java
4 86 (16.10%) Bash Shell
5 56 (10.49%) PowerShell
6 52 (9.74%) JavaScript
7 47 (8.80%) PHP
8 31 (5.81%) Perl
9 27 (5.06%) C#
10 25 (4.68%) Ruby
11 24 (4.49%) Shell Script
12 22 (4.12%) Go
12 22 (4.12%) T-SQL
13 18 (3.37%) PHP 5
13 18 (3.37%) PHP 7
14 14 (2.62%) C
15 9 (1.69%) R
16 6 (1.12%) XPath
17 4 (0.75%) Apple Swift
17 4 (0.75%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 103 (19.29%) Cisco Certification
2 66 (12.36%) CCNP
3 63 (11.80%) Degree
4 33 (6.18%) CISSP
5 31 (5.81%) CCNA
6 27 (5.06%) Security Cleared
7 19 (3.56%) CCIE
7 19 (3.56%) CCSP
7 19 (3.56%) SC Cleared
8 18 (3.37%) Computer Science Degree
9 12 (2.25%) VCP4
9 12 (2.25%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 10 (1.87%) CCDP
11 9 (1.69%) TOGAF Certification
12 8 (1.50%) HND
13 7 (1.31%) CCIE Routing and Switching
13 7 (1.31%) DV Cleared
14 6 (1.12%) ITIL Certification
14 6 (1.12%) Microsoft Certification
15 4 (0.75%) JNCIP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (8.80%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 35 (6.55%) PCI DSS
3 23 (4.31%) SLA
4 22 (4.12%) GDPR
5 11 (2.06%) QA
6 4 (0.75%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.56%) Cyber Essentials
7 3 (0.56%) HIPAA
7 3 (0.56%) ISO 22301
7 3 (0.56%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.19%) FedRAMP
8 1 (0.19%) HL7
8 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 1 (0.19%) PMO
System Software
1 98 (18.35%) Active Directory
2 61 (11.42%) Docker
3 49 (9.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 35 (6.55%) Hyper-V
5 11 (2.06%) RACF
5 11 (2.06%) vSphere
6 9 (1.69%) HDFS
6 9 (1.69%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (1.69%) VMware ESXi
7 8 (1.50%) NFS
8 7 (1.31%) Apache Flume
8 7 (1.31%) OpenSSH
9 5 (0.94%) Postfix
10 4 (0.75%) Firmware
10 4 (0.75%) iptables
10 4 (0.75%) Varnish
11 3 (0.56%) KVM
11 3 (0.56%) LXC
11 3 (0.56%) Microsoft App-V
11 3 (0.56%) Xen
Systems Management
1 87 (16.29%) Ansible
2 60 (11.24%) Puppet
3 47 (8.80%) Opscode Chef
4 40 (7.49%) Terraform
5 36 (6.74%) Kubernetes
6 34 (6.37%) Single Sign-On
7 25 (4.68%) Kibana
8 24 (4.49%) SCCM
9 21 (3.93%) HAProxy
10 19 (3.56%) Microsoft Intune
11 17 (3.18%) logstash
12 16 (3.00%) Nagios
12 16 (3.00%) SCOM
13 15 (2.81%) Cisco CUCM
13 15 (2.81%) yum
14 14 (2.62%) Oozie
15 11 (2.06%) Cisco UCCX
15 11 (2.06%) Packer
16 10 (1.87%) Hadoop YARN
16 10 (1.87%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 160 (29.96%) Microsoft
2 145 (27.15%) Cisco
3 83 (15.54%) VMware
4 82 (15.36%) Palo Alto
5 56 (10.49%) F5
6 52 (9.74%) Juniper
7 47 (8.80%) SolarWinds
8 41 (7.68%) Meraki
9 35 (6.55%) CheckPoint
10 34 (6.37%) Splunk
11 33 (6.18%) Oracle
12 26 (4.87%) Red Hat
13 23 (4.31%) HP
14 22 (4.12%) Fortinet
15 20 (3.75%) Google
16 19 (3.56%) Citrix
17 17 (3.18%) CommVault
17 17 (3.18%) Dell
18 16 (3.00%) Forcepoint
18 16 (3.00%) Veeam