Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 568 453 442
Rank change year-on-year -115 -11 +27
Permanent jobs citing SSL 714 1,133 1,271
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.45% 0.63% 0.69%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 2.98% 4.10% 4.08%
Number of salaries quoted 564 845 1,014
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
10th Percentile £32,725 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.89% - -

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 23,978 27,610 31,146
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.98% 15.47% 16.85%
Number of salaries quoted 18,831 22,350 25,435
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £26,250 £25,750 £26,000
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SSL.

Salary trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Salary histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the UK over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -104 676 £50,000 - 144
UK excluding London -89 465 £49,000 +8.89% 91
London -25 244 £55,000 - 61
North of England -36 128 £45,000 +5.88% 25
East of England +38 100 £49,500 +5.32% 18
South East -135 82 £51,275 +2.55% 12
North West +1 81 £45,000 -5.26% 16
South West +5 73 £47,500 -9.09% 13
Midlands +21 58 £55,000 +46.67% 15
West Midlands +29 45 £64,733 +72.62% 7
Yorkshire -11 30 £40,000 +6.67% 5
Scotland -36 21 £55,000 +29.41% 4
North East -1 17 £45,000 +21.62% 4
East Midlands +1 13 £55,000 +4.76% 8
Wales +12 8 £38,250 +29.66% 3

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SSL.

1 332 (46.50%) Firewall
2 309 (43.28%) Windows
3 287 (40.20%) DNS
4 281 (39.36%) Linux
5 197 (27.59%) TCP/IP
6 193 (27.03%) HTTP
7 183 (25.63%) SQL
8 182 (25.49%) Java
9 162 (22.69%) Amazon AWS
10 161 (22.55%) Microsoft Azure
11 155 (21.71%) JavaScript
12 153 (21.43%) VPN
13 152 (21.29%) Cisco
13 152 (21.29%) SQL Server
13 152 (21.29%) Python
14 150 (21.01%) Active Directory
15 149 (20.87%) Microsoft
16 147 (20.59%) Agile Software Development
17 136 (19.05%) PowerShell
18 133 (18.63%) DevOps
19 132 (18.49%) Windows Server
20 129 (18.07%) VMware
21 126 (17.65%) WAN
22 121 (16.95%) LAN
22 121 (16.95%) Cisco Certification
23 113 (15.83%) Bash Shell
24 112 (15.69%) Degree
25 110 (15.41%) Puppet
26 108 (15.13%) XML
27 105 (14.71%) IPsec

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (12.32%) Apache
2 68 (9.52%) Tomcat
3 56 (7.84%) MS Exchange
4 53 (7.42%) IIS
5 48 (6.72%) Apache Solr
6 42 (5.88%) nginx
7 38 (5.32%) WebLogic
8 35 (4.90%) Apache Pig
9 31 (4.34%) JBoss
10 29 (4.06%) SharePoint
11 28 (3.92%) Elasticsearch
11 28 (3.92%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 20 (2.80%) Confluence
12 20 (2.80%) Exchange Server 2013
13 16 (2.24%) WordPress
14 15 (2.10%) Exchange Server 2010
15 12 (1.68%) CMS
15 12 (1.68%) WebSphere
16 10 (1.40%) Skype for Business
17 9 (1.26%) OpenStack
Applications
1 20 (2.80%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (1.96%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.70%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.42%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.28%) Acrobat
6 2 (0.28%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 15 (2.10%) Magento
2 12 (1.68%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.42%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.28%) Lorenzo
5 1 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 162 (22.69%) Amazon AWS
2 161 (22.55%) Microsoft Azure
3 74 (10.36%) SaaS
4 65 (9.10%) Office 365
5 51 (7.14%) IaaS
6 37 (5.18%) PaaS
7 12 (1.68%) Amazon EC2
8 11 (1.54%) Google Cloud Platform
9 10 (1.40%) AWS CloudFormation
10 8 (1.12%) Amazon S3
11 6 (0.84%) npm
12 5 (0.70%) Apigee
12 5 (0.70%) Cloud Computing
13 4 (0.56%) Mimecast
13 4 (0.56%) Slack
14 3 (0.42%) Azure Active Directory
14 3 (0.42%) Google Analytics
14 3 (0.42%) OneDrive
14 3 (0.42%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 2 (0.28%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 332 (46.50%) Firewall
2 287 (40.20%) DNS
3 197 (27.59%) TCP/IP
4 193 (27.03%) HTTP
5 153 (21.43%) VPN
6 126 (17.65%) WAN
7 121 (16.95%) LAN
8 105 (14.71%) IPsec
9 98 (13.73%) Internet
10 87 (12.18%) DHCP
11 78 (10.92%) Network Security
12 70 (9.80%) VLAN
13 67 (9.38%) Wireless
14 64 (8.96%) MPLS
15 61 (8.54%) BGP
16 58 (8.12%) OSPF
17 51 (7.14%) SAN
18 47 (6.58%) Cisco ASA
19 46 (6.44%) Wi-Fi
20 43 (6.02%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 152 (21.29%) SQL Server
2 104 (14.57%) MySQL
3 48 (6.72%) Big Data
4 46 (6.44%) MongoDB
5 45 (6.30%) NoSQL
6 43 (6.02%) Hadoop
7 39 (5.46%) Apache Hive
8 36 (5.04%) Apache Cassandra
9 22 (3.08%) Relational Database
10 21 (2.94%) DB2
11 17 (2.38%) SQL Server 2016
12 16 (2.24%) Oracle Database
13 15 (2.10%) PostgreSQL
14 13 (1.82%) RDBMS
15 10 (1.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 9 (1.26%) HBase
16 9 (1.26%) MariaDB
16 9 (1.26%) Oracle Database 12c
17 7 (0.98%) Oracle Database 11g
17 7 (0.98%) Redis
Development Applications
1 104 (14.57%) Git (software)
2 65 (9.10%) JIRA
3 60 (8.40%) Jenkins
4 50 (7.00%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 47 (6.58%) Selenium
6 43 (6.02%) Bitbucket
7 31 (4.34%) git-flow
8 30 (4.20%) CodeSonar
8 30 (4.20%) Robot Framework
9 29 (4.06%) Subversion
10 17 (2.38%) TeamCity
11 16 (2.24%) Maven
12 15 (2.10%) Cucumber
13 13 (1.82%) CocoaPods
14 12 (1.68%) JUnit
14 12 (1.68%) Vagrant
15 10 (1.40%) GoCD
15 10 (1.40%) Octopus Deploy
15 10 (1.40%) Team Foundation Server
16 8 (1.12%) JIRA Agile
General
1 79 (11.06%) Finance
2 44 (6.16%) Retail
3 32 (4.48%) Telecoms
4 21 (2.94%) Banking
5 15 (2.10%) Marketing
5 15 (2.10%) Publishing
6 14 (1.96%) Games
7 11 (1.54%) Advertising
8 9 (1.26%) Manufacturing
9 6 (0.84%) Law
9 6 (0.84%) Legal
10 5 (0.70%) Automotive
10 5 (0.70%) Investment Banking
11 4 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
12 3 (0.42%) Local Government
13 2 (0.28%) Back Office
14 1 (0.14%) Electronics
14 1 (0.14%) French Language
14 1 (0.14%) Front Office
14 1 (0.14%) Military
Job Titles
1 99 (13.87%) Developer
2 79 (11.06%) Network Engineer
3 68 (9.52%) DevOps Engineer
4 55 (7.70%) Security Engineer
5 54 (7.56%) Support Engineer
6 52 (7.28%) Analyst
6 52 (7.28%) Linux Engineer
7 47 (6.58%) Systems Engineer
8 45 (6.30%) Software Engineer
9 40 (5.60%) Consultant
10 37 (5.18%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 34 (4.76%) Architect
12 33 (4.62%) AWS Engineer
13 32 (4.48%) IT Engineer
14 31 (4.34%) Applications Engineer
15 29 (4.06%) Administrator
15 29 (4.06%) Senior Network Engineer
16 28 (3.92%) Applications Support
16 28 (3.92%) Network Security Engineer
17 27 (3.78%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 108 (15.13%) XML
2 100 (14.01%) HTML
3 97 (13.59%) REST
4 92 (12.89%) SOAP
5 77 (10.78%) .NET
6 65 (9.10%) CSS
7 59 (8.26%) JSON
8 57 (7.98%) LAMP
9 51 (7.14%) Node.js
10 49 (6.86%) Java EE
11 48 (6.72%) Web Services
12 45 (6.30%) .NET Framework
12 45 (6.30%) ASP.NET
13 43 (6.02%) AngularJS
14 42 (5.88%) RESTful
15 37 (5.18%) HTML5
16 36 (5.04%) Spring
17 35 (4.90%) Django
17 35 (4.90%) RabbitMQ
18 33 (4.62%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 91 (12.75%) Analytical Skills
2 54 (7.56%) Data Centre
2 54 (7.56%) Self-Motivation
3 48 (6.72%) Management Information System
4 33 (4.62%) User Experience
5 22 (3.08%) PKI
6 21 (2.94%) iPhone
7 16 (2.24%) Clustering
7 16 (2.24%) Security Operations Centre
7 16 (2.24%) Video Conferencing
8 14 (1.96%) Greenfield Project
9 13 (1.82%) Animation
9 13 (1.82%) Replication
10 12 (1.68%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 11 (1.54%) Cyberthreat
11 11 (1.54%) Fat Client
11 11 (1.54%) NHS
11 11 (1.54%) Thin Client
12 10 (1.40%) Blackberry
12 10 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 309 (43.28%) Windows
2 281 (39.36%) Linux
3 132 (18.49%) Windows Server
4 69 (9.66%) Unix
5 60 (8.40%) Windows Server 2008
6 59 (8.26%) Windows Server 2012
7 55 (7.70%) Android
8 46 (6.44%) Apple iOS
9 34 (4.76%) Mac OS X
10 26 (3.64%) Windows Server 2003
11 21 (2.94%) Windows 7
11 21 (2.94%) Windows Phone
12 19 (2.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 19 (2.66%) Windows 8
13 16 (2.24%) CentOS
14 13 (1.82%) Windows Vista
15 12 (1.68%) Windows XP
16 11 (1.54%) Debian
17 9 (1.26%) VMS
17 9 (1.26%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 147 (20.59%) Agile Software Development
2 133 (18.63%) DevOps
3 94 (13.17%) Cybersecurity
4 93 (13.03%) Problem-Solving
5 89 (12.46%) ITIL
6 83 (11.62%) Software Engineering
7 82 (11.48%) Configuration Management
8 74 (10.36%) Load Balancing
9 73 (10.22%) Scrum
10 65 (9.10%) Computer Science
10 65 (9.10%) TDD
11 63 (8.82%) Test Automation
12 58 (8.12%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 55 (7.70%) Change Management
14 53 (7.42%) Continuous Integration
14 53 (7.42%) SIEM
15 51 (7.14%) Information Security
15 51 (7.14%) Security Operations
16 49 (6.86%) Migration
17 47 (6.58%) Penetration Testing
Programming Languages
1 183 (25.63%) SQL
2 182 (25.49%) Java
3 155 (21.71%) JavaScript
4 152 (21.29%) Python
5 136 (19.05%) PowerShell
6 113 (15.83%) Bash Shell
7 84 (11.76%) C#
8 74 (10.36%) C
9 66 (9.24%) Perl
10 62 (8.68%) PHP
11 56 (7.84%) Objective-C
12 53 (7.42%) C++
13 40 (5.60%) Shell Script
14 21 (2.94%) T-SQL
15 19 (2.66%) Ruby
16 16 (2.24%) VBScript
17 14 (1.96%) Apple Swift
18 10 (1.40%) VBA
19 8 (1.12%) Korn
19 8 (1.12%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 121 (16.95%) Cisco Certification
2 112 (15.69%) Degree
3 81 (11.34%) CCNA
4 74 (10.36%) CISSP
5 55 (7.70%) CCNP
6 54 (7.56%) Microsoft Certification
7 52 (7.28%) Computer Science Degree
7 52 (7.28%) Security Cleared
8 51 (7.14%) GIAC
9 44 (6.16%) CompTIA Security+
10 42 (5.88%) MCSE
10 42 (5.88%) SANS
11 41 (5.74%) DV Cleared
12 32 (4.48%) Network+ Certification
13 30 (4.20%) Linux+ Certification
13 30 (4.20%) SSCP
14 27 (3.78%) AWS Certification
15 22 (3.08%) CEH
16 16 (2.24%) GCIA
17 14 (1.96%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (7.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 36 (5.04%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 35 (4.90%) GDPR
4 30 (4.20%) Cyber Essentials
5 25 (3.50%) PCI DSS
6 23 (3.22%) HIPAA
6 23 (3.22%) QA
7 22 (3.08%) SLA
8 16 (2.24%) SAS 70
9 9 (1.26%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 4 (0.56%) FIPS 140-2
11 3 (0.42%) COBIT
12 2 (0.28%) HL7
System Software
1 150 (21.01%) Active Directory
2 100 (14.01%) VMware Infrastructure
3 74 (10.36%) Docker
4 41 (5.74%) Hyper-V
5 36 (5.04%) vSphere
6 30 (4.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 17 (2.38%) Virtual Machines
8 16 (2.24%) XenApp
9 11 (1.54%) Virtual Servers
10 10 (1.40%) iptables
11 9 (1.26%) HDFS
11 9 (1.26%) VMware ESXi
11 9 (1.26%) VMware Workstation
12 8 (1.12%) Oracle RAC
12 8 (1.12%) XenDesktop
13 7 (0.98%) pfSense
14 6 (0.84%) KVM
14 6 (0.84%) Xen
15 5 (0.70%) LXC
16 4 (0.56%) PowerDNS
Systems Management
1 110 (15.41%) Puppet
2 67 (9.38%) Opscode Chef
3 57 (7.98%) Ansible
4 34 (4.76%) Salt
5 27 (3.78%) Terraform
6 22 (3.08%) Cobbler
6 22 (3.08%) SCCM
7 20 (2.80%) Nagios
7 20 (2.80%) QRadar
8 19 (2.66%) Kubernetes
9 17 (2.38%) SCOM
10 12 (1.68%) HAProxy
11 11 (1.54%) CSIRT
11 11 (1.54%) FortiGate
11 11 (1.54%) Single Sign-On
12 10 (1.40%) AirWatch
13 9 (1.26%) Microsoft Clustering
13 9 (1.26%) Oozie
14 8 (1.12%) Microsoft Intune
14 8 (1.12%) Packer
Vendors
1 152 (21.29%) Cisco
2 149 (20.87%) Microsoft
3 129 (18.07%) VMware
4 62 (8.68%) Oracle
5 60 (8.40%) Juniper
5 60 (8.40%) Splunk
6 49 (6.86%) F5
7 43 (6.02%) CheckPoint
8 42 (5.88%) Palo Alto
9 34 (4.76%) IBM
10 33 (4.62%) Citrix
11 23 (3.22%) Atlassian
11 23 (3.22%) Fortinet
11 23 (3.22%) HP
12 22 (3.08%) SolarWinds
13 20 (2.80%) NetApp
14 19 (2.66%) Dell
15 17 (2.38%) Google
16 16 (2.24%) Blue Coat
16 16 (2.24%) CommVault