Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 18 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK
6 months to
18 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 693 586 571
Rank change year-on-year -107 -15 +12
Permanent jobs citing SSL 591 335 391
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.37% 0.37% 0.41%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 2.76% 2.89% 2.74%
Number of salaries quoted 380 269 312
10th Percentile £32,500 £36,250 £32,825
25th Percentile £42,500 £43,000 £40,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year - - +4.76%
75th Percentile £72,500 £67,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 21,382 11,584 14,276
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.31% 12.88% 14.94%
Number of salaries quoted 11,738 8,647 11,383
10th Percentile £28,250 £28,750 £26,913
25th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% +2.11%
75th Percentile £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SSL.

Salary trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 18 May 2022.

Salary histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the UK over the 6 months to 18 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -101 522 £55,000 - 61
Work from Home -98 292 £52,500 -4.55% 18
UK excluding London -90 277 £52,500 - 36
London -127 250 £60,000 -4.00% 30
South East -54 79 £62,500 +4.17% 9
North of England -65 75 £38,008 -16.47% 7
Midlands -32 52 £55,000 +29.41% 4
South West -9 48 £43,125 -21.59% 7
West Midlands -31 38 £57,500 +36.59% 4
Yorkshire -35 31 £55,000 - 3
North West -67 26 £47,500 +4.40% 3
Scotland -55 22 £57,500 +4.55% 5
North East -9 17 £35,000 -21.13% 1
East Midlands -42 14 £52,500 +5.00%
East of England -97 13 £77,500 +3.33% 4
Wales -34 9 £47,500 +21.79%

For the 6 months to 18 May 2022, IT jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SSL.

1 281 (47.55%) Firewall
2 255 (43.15%) Linux
3 234 (39.59%) Azure
4 202 (34.18%) VPN
5 191 (32.32%) DNS
6 184 (31.13%) Social Skills
7 165 (27.92%) Finance
8 161 (27.24%) Windows
9 145 (24.53%) Cisco
10 142 (24.03%) AWS
11 133 (22.50%) HTTP
12 131 (22.17%) Microsoft
13 126 (21.32%) TCP/IP
13 126 (21.32%) WAN
14 125 (21.15%) JavaScript
14 125 (21.15%) SQL
15 115 (19.46%) DHCP
15 115 (19.46%) IPsec
16 111 (18.78%) LAN
17 109 (18.44%) Java
18 108 (18.27%) Docker
18 108 (18.27%) DevOps
19 105 (17.77%) Microsoft 365
20 101 (17.09%) Data Centre
21 99 (16.75%) HTML
21 99 (16.75%) Python
22 96 (16.24%) CSS
23 95 (16.07%) Active Directory
24 90 (15.23%) VMware
25 86 (14.55%) Juniper

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (9.31%) Apache
2 54 (9.14%) Confluence
3 46 (7.78%) Tomcat
4 32 (5.41%) IIS
5 28 (4.74%) nginx
6 26 (4.40%) MS Exchange
7 17 (2.88%) WordPress
8 16 (2.71%) JBoss
8 16 (2.71%) SharePoint
9 13 (2.20%) BizTalk Server
9 13 (2.20%) CMS
10 10 (1.69%) OpenStack
11 9 (1.52%) Apache Airflow
11 9 (1.52%) Cloud Foundry
12 8 (1.35%) Elasticsearch
13 5 (0.85%) Exchange Server 2010
14 4 (0.68%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 4 (0.68%) Drupal
15 2 (0.34%) Umbraco
15 2 (0.34%) WebSphere
Applications
1 37 (6.26%) MS Visio
2 36 (6.09%) Microsoft Excel
3 31 (5.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (1.86%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.34%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.17%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 20 (3.38%) Remedy ITSM
2 15 (2.54%) Temenos T24
3 7 (1.18%) SAP GTS
4 2 (0.34%) Magento
5 1 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.17%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 234 (39.59%) Azure
2 142 (24.03%) AWS
3 105 (17.77%) Microsoft 365
4 38 (6.43%) PaaS
5 37 (6.26%) Amazon EC2
5 37 (6.26%) IaaS
6 36 (6.09%) Azure Active Directory
7 31 (5.25%) GCP
7 31 (5.25%) SaaS
8 22 (3.72%) Google Workspace
9 21 (3.55%) Serverless
10 17 (2.88%) Azure Stack
11 15 (2.54%) GitHub
11 15 (2.54%) Mimecast
12 13 (2.20%) Apple Pay
13 12 (2.03%) OpenShift
14 11 (1.86%) AWS CloudFormation
15 10 (1.69%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 9 (1.52%) Amazon S3
16 9 (1.52%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 281 (47.55%) Firewall
2 202 (34.18%) VPN
3 191 (32.32%) DNS
4 133 (22.50%) HTTP
5 126 (21.32%) TCP/IP
5 126 (21.32%) WAN
6 115 (19.46%) DHCP
6 115 (19.46%) IPsec
7 111 (18.78%) LAN
8 76 (12.86%) OSPF
9 74 (12.52%) BGP
10 72 (12.18%) Wireless
11 63 (10.66%) HTTPS
12 61 (10.32%) MPLS
13 59 (9.98%) Wi-Fi
14 55 (9.31%) Network Security
15 48 (8.12%) Internet
16 46 (7.78%) Wireshark
17 45 (7.61%) tcpdump
18 44 (7.45%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 71 (12.01%) SQL Server
2 62 (10.49%) PostgreSQL
3 45 (7.61%) Big Data
4 41 (6.94%) NoSQL
5 35 (5.92%) Amazon RDS
6 30 (5.08%) MySQL
7 17 (2.88%) Relational Database
8 16 (2.71%) MariaDB
9 15 (2.54%) RDBMS
10 14 (2.37%) Redis
11 8 (1.35%) BigQuery
11 8 (1.35%) MongoDB
12 7 (1.18%) Parquet
13 5 (0.85%) Data Warehouse
14 3 (0.51%) Couchbase
15 2 (0.34%) Apache Cassandra
15 2 (0.34%) Azure SQL Database
15 2 (0.34%) Hadoop
15 2 (0.34%) Oracle Database
15 2 (0.34%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 85 (14.38%) JIRA
2 78 (13.20%) Git (software)
3 35 (5.92%) Zephyr
4 26 (4.40%) Jenkins
5 12 (2.03%) Bitbucket
6 9 (1.52%) GitLab
7 8 (1.35%) Selenium
8 6 (1.02%) JMeter
8 6 (1.02%) SoapUI
9 5 (0.85%) Liquibase
9 5 (0.85%) PHPUnit
10 4 (0.68%) Cucumber
10 4 (0.68%) Maven
10 4 (0.68%) Postman
10 4 (0.68%) Protractor
11 3 (0.51%) Subversion
11 3 (0.51%) TeamCity
11 3 (0.51%) WebDriver
12 2 (0.34%) fastlane
12 2 (0.34%) TestLink
General
1 184 (31.13%) Social Skills
2 165 (27.92%) Finance
3 58 (9.81%) Banking
4 49 (8.29%) Analytical Skills
5 48 (8.12%) Marketing
6 45 (7.61%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 23 (3.89%) Public Sector
8 18 (3.05%) Financial Institution
9 17 (2.88%) Law
10 16 (2.71%) Organisational Skills
10 16 (2.71%) Telecoms
11 11 (1.86%) Retail
12 10 (1.69%) Documentation Skills
13 9 (1.52%) Legal
13 9 (1.52%) Presentation Skills
14 7 (1.18%) Publishing
15 5 (0.85%) Military
16 4 (0.68%) Advertising
17 3 (0.51%) Back Office
17 3 (0.51%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 98 (16.58%) Network Engineer
2 58 (9.81%) Developer
3 57 (9.64%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 53 (8.97%) DevOps Engineer
5 47 (7.95%) Senior Network Engineer
6 46 (7.78%) Security Engineer
7 41 (6.94%) Software Engineer
8 35 (5.92%) Analyst
8 35 (5.92%) Architect
9 31 (5.25%) Consultant
9 31 (5.25%) IT Engineer
10 28 (4.74%) Azure Engineer
11 26 (4.40%) AWS Engineer
12 25 (4.23%) AWS DevOps
12 25 (4.23%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 23 (3.89%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 23 (3.89%) Cisco Engineer
13 23 (3.89%) Cisco Network Engineer
14 22 (3.72%) Senior Security Engineer
14 22 (3.72%) Technical Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 99 (16.75%) HTML
2 96 (16.24%) CSS
3 65 (11.00%) .NET
4 61 (10.32%) XML
5 59 (9.98%) AngularJS
5 59 (9.98%) LDAP
6 53 (8.97%) SOAP
7 52 (8.80%) Web Services
8 47 (7.95%) ASP.NET
8 47 (7.95%) Node.js
9 41 (6.94%) Ruby on Rails
10 39 (6.60%) Angular 2
11 32 (5.41%) SAML
12 28 (4.74%) Ajax
13 26 (4.40%) OAuth
14 25 (4.23%) REST
15 22 (3.72%) JSON
16 20 (3.38%) LAMP
16 20 (3.38%) RESTful
17 17 (2.88%) IBM Integration Bus
Miscellaneous
1 101 (17.09%) Data Centre
2 80 (13.54%) PKI
3 38 (6.43%) Management Information System
4 36 (6.09%) Cyber Defence
4 36 (6.09%) Cyberattack
4 36 (6.09%) Cyberthreat
5 19 (3.21%) Clustering
6 18 (3.05%) CMDB
7 17 (2.88%) Self-Motivation
8 16 (2.71%) Cybercrime
9 15 (2.54%) Enterprise Storage
10 13 (2.20%) Linux Command Line
10 13 (2.20%) Online Banking
10 13 (2.20%) Private Cloud
11 12 (2.03%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 11 (1.86%) Hybrid Cloud
13 10 (1.69%) AS400
13 10 (1.69%) Public Cloud
14 9 (1.52%) iSeries
15 8 (1.35%) Fat Client
Operating Systems
1 255 (43.15%) Linux
2 161 (27.24%) Windows
3 78 (13.20%) Windows Server
4 54 (9.14%) Unix
5 40 (6.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 21 (3.55%) Android
7 15 (2.54%) Apple iOS
7 15 (2.54%) Mac OS
8 13 (2.20%) Windows 10
9 9 (1.52%) Alpine Linux
10 8 (1.35%) Fedora
11 7 (1.18%) Debian
11 7 (1.18%) Ubuntu
12 6 (1.02%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.85%) CentOS
14 4 (0.68%) Windows 7
15 3 (0.51%) AIX
15 3 (0.51%) zOS
16 2 (0.34%) Windows Server 2016
17 1 (0.17%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 108 (18.27%) DevOps
2 85 (14.38%) ITIL
3 82 (13.87%) Software Engineering
4 76 (12.86%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 73 (12.35%) Load Balancing
6 72 (12.18%) Cybersecurity
7 69 (11.68%) Agile
8 68 (11.51%) Information Security
9 65 (11.00%) Problem-Solving
10 64 (10.83%) CI/CD
11 62 (10.49%) Kalman Filter
12 56 (9.48%) Customer Requirements
13 50 (8.46%) SIEM
13 50 (8.46%) Test Automation
14 48 (8.12%) Project Delivery
14 48 (8.12%) Web Development
15 47 (7.95%) MVC
16 44 (7.45%) Data Loss Prevention
17 43 (7.28%) Incident Management
18 41 (6.94%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 125 (21.15%) JavaScript
1 125 (21.15%) SQL
2 109 (18.44%) Java
3 99 (16.75%) Python
4 81 (13.71%) Shell Script
5 66 (11.17%) PowerShell
6 49 (8.29%) Ruby
7 43 (7.28%) Go
8 34 (5.75%) C#
9 28 (4.74%) Bash
10 18 (3.05%) PHP
11 7 (1.18%) Perl
12 3 (0.51%) VB
12 3 (0.51%) XPath
13 2 (0.34%) C
13 2 (0.34%) T-SQL
14 1 (0.17%) C++
14 1 (0.17%) Groovy
14 1 (0.17%) Kotlin
14 1 (0.17%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 79 (13.37%) Cisco Certification
2 70 (11.84%) Degree
3 51 (8.63%) Security Cleared
4 48 (8.12%) CCNA
5 39 (6.60%) SC Cleared
6 35 (5.92%) CCNP
6 35 (5.92%) ISTQB
6 35 (5.92%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
6 35 (5.92%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 22 (3.72%) CISSP
8 18 (3.05%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 18 (3.05%) Microsoft Certification
9 16 (2.71%) CISM
10 14 (2.37%) GCIH
11 13 (2.20%) CCDP
12 12 (2.03%) CompTIA Security+
13 11 (1.86%) CEH
13 11 (1.86%) GCIA
14 8 (1.35%) CWNA
15 7 (1.18%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (8.80%) GDPR
2 40 (6.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 29 (4.91%) SLA
4 26 (4.40%) PCI DSS
5 17 (2.88%) NCSC
6 16 (2.71%) Cyber Essentials
7 14 (2.37%) QA
8 12 (2.03%) NIST
9 11 (1.86%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 5 (0.85%) Disclosure Scotland
10 5 (0.85%) HIPAA
11 4 (0.68%) ISO 9001
12 3 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 2 (0.34%) Accessibility
13 2 (0.34%) GRC
13 2 (0.34%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 2 (0.34%) JSP 440
13 2 (0.34%) RMADS
13 2 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 1 (0.17%) COBIT
System Software
1 108 (18.27%) Docker
2 95 (16.07%) Active Directory
3 40 (6.77%) VMware Infrastructure
4 33 (5.58%) vSphere
5 28 (4.74%) ProxySG
6 21 (3.55%) Hyper-V
7 13 (2.20%) Virtual Machines
8 10 (1.69%) KVM
9 9 (1.52%) LXC
9 9 (1.52%) Xen
10 8 (1.35%) VMware ESXi
11 7 (1.18%) Virtual Servers
11 7 (1.18%) VMware NSX
12 6 (1.02%) Varnish
13 4 (0.68%) Virtual Desktop
14 3 (0.51%) Firmware
15 2 (0.34%) BitLocker
15 2 (0.34%) Terminal Services
15 2 (0.34%) Tivoli Directory Server
16 1 (0.17%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 58 (9.81%) Kubernetes
2 40 (6.77%) Ansible
3 39 (6.60%) Terraform
4 35 (5.92%) HP ALM
4 35 (5.92%) Single Sign-On
5 21 (3.55%) Cisco Prime
6 20 (3.38%) SolarWinds Orion
7 18 (3.05%) HP UCMDB
8 16 (2.71%) FortiGate
9 15 (2.54%) SCCM
10 13 (2.20%) Microsoft Intune
11 11 (1.86%) QRadar
12 9 (1.52%) Jamf Pro
12 9 (1.52%) Mesos
12 9 (1.52%) Puppet
13 8 (1.35%) cPanel
13 8 (1.35%) Nagios
13 8 (1.35%) TrustSec
13 8 (1.35%) vCenter Server
14 7 (1.18%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 145 (24.53%) Cisco
2 131 (22.17%) Microsoft
3 90 (15.23%) VMware
4 86 (14.55%) Juniper
5 63 (10.66%) HP
5 63 (10.66%) Red Hat
6 51 (8.63%) F5
7 48 (8.12%) ServiceNow
8 44 (7.45%) Palo Alto
9 41 (6.94%) Apple
10 39 (6.60%) Atlassian
11 36 (6.09%) SolarWinds
12 32 (5.41%) Blue Coat
13 31 (5.25%) Fortinet
13 31 (5.25%) IBM
14 29 (4.91%) Forcepoint
15 25 (4.23%) Oracle
16 24 (4.06%) Google
17 22 (3.72%) Citrix
17 22 (3.72%) Meraki