Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 544 537 554
Rank change year-on-year -7 +17 -41
Permanent jobs citing SSL 279 554 727
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.37% 0.45% 0.49%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 2.78% 3.02% 3.23%
Number of salaries quoted 246 476 596
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -0.90% +5.71% +5.00%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £36,000
90th Percentile £79,375 £80,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £51,593 £50,000
% change year-on-year +1.76% +3.19% +6.38%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 10,025 18,356 22,477
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.25% 15.02% 15.05%
Number of salaries quoted 7,763 14,677 17,774
Median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £28,500 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +3.66%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SSL.

Salary trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Salary histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the UK over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 254 £57,500 +2.68% 72
UK excluding London +25 171 £52,500 +1.76% 57
London +51 90 £65,000 +8.33% 20
South East +43 54 £62,500 +4.17% 19
North of England +35 53 £45,000 +7.14% 15
Work from Home -100 36 £50,000 - 20
North West +58 35 £40,179 -21.98% 8
Midlands +42 19 £55,000 -31.25% 7
East of England +74 17 £75,000 +87.50% 1
South West +12 16 £52,500 -30.00% 9
West Midlands +40 12 £75,000 -6.25% 4
Scotland +31 12 £37,500 -31.82%
Yorkshire +20 12 £45,000 +12.50% 4
East Midlands +36 10 £75,000 +100.00% 3
North East -6 6 £50,000 +33.33% 3
Wales - 6 £45,000 - 3

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SSL.

1 135 (48.39%) Firewall
2 122 (43.73%) DNS
3 111 (39.78%) Linux
4 99 (35.48%) VPN
5 95 (34.05%) Windows
6 82 (29.39%) Microsoft
7 74 (26.52%) Cisco
8 71 (25.45%) VMware
9 63 (22.58%) HTTP
10 60 (21.51%) TCP/IP
10 60 (21.51%) Azure
11 56 (20.07%) Problem-Solving
12 54 (19.35%) DHCP
13 53 (19.00%) Windows Server
14 52 (18.64%) Analytical Skills
14 52 (18.64%) Active Directory
15 50 (17.92%) Python
16 49 (17.56%) AWS
16 49 (17.56%) PowerShell
16 49 (17.56%) Degree
17 47 (16.85%) WAN
18 46 (16.49%) LDAP
18 46 (16.49%) ITIL
18 46 (16.49%) VMware Infrastructure
19 44 (15.77%) Project Management
20 43 (15.41%) Information Security
20 43 (15.41%) Git (software)
20 43 (15.41%) Cybersecurity
21 42 (15.05%) Cisco Certification
22 41 (14.70%) XML

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (13.62%) Apache
2 18 (6.45%) Tomcat
3 12 (4.30%) WebLogic
4 11 (3.94%) nginx
5 10 (3.58%) Confluence
5 10 (3.58%) IIS
6 9 (3.23%) Exchange Server 2013
7 8 (2.87%) JBoss
7 8 (2.87%) MS Exchange
8 7 (2.51%) SharePoint
9 6 (2.15%) Apache Spark
10 5 (1.79%) Drupal
10 5 (1.79%) Facebook Platform
11 4 (1.43%) Red Hat Fuse
12 3 (1.08%) Elasticsearch
13 1 (0.36%) MS Project Server
13 1 (0.36%) Mule
13 1 (0.36%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 11 (3.94%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (2.15%) Gephi
2 6 (2.15%) MS Visio
3 3 (1.08%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.72%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 14 (5.02%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (0.36%) Dynamics GP
2 1 (0.36%) Radian6
Cloud Services
1 60 (21.51%) Azure
2 49 (17.56%) AWS
3 33 (11.83%) Microsoft 365
4 22 (7.89%) SaaS
5 15 (5.38%) IaaS
6 10 (3.58%) Cloud Computing
6 10 (3.58%) DigitalOcean
6 10 (3.58%) GCP
7 8 (2.87%) OneDrive
7 8 (2.87%) PaaS
8 6 (2.15%) GitHub
9 5 (1.79%) Basecamp
9 5 (1.79%) Mailgun
9 5 (1.79%) Sage Pay
10 4 (1.43%) Amazon EC2
10 4 (1.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 3 (1.08%) Amazon EKS
11 3 (1.08%) BPaaS
11 3 (1.08%) Serverless
12 2 (0.72%) Cloud Functions
Communications & Networking
1 135 (48.39%) Firewall
2 122 (43.73%) DNS
3 99 (35.48%) VPN
4 63 (22.58%) HTTP
5 60 (21.51%) TCP/IP
6 54 (19.35%) DHCP
7 47 (16.85%) WAN
8 41 (14.70%) LAN
9 39 (13.98%) MPLS
9 39 (13.98%) OSPF
10 37 (13.26%) BGP
10 37 (13.26%) IPsec
10 37 (13.26%) Network Security
11 32 (11.47%) VLAN
12 30 (10.75%) Cisco ASA
13 24 (8.60%) FTP
14 22 (7.89%) EIGRP
14 22 (7.89%) Remote Desktop
15 21 (7.53%) Internet
16 20 (7.17%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (7.53%) SQL Server
2 16 (5.73%) MongoDB
3 14 (5.02%) MySQL
4 13 (4.66%) Big Data
5 12 (4.30%) PostgreSQL
6 9 (3.23%) NoSQL
7 8 (2.87%) SQL Server 2012
8 6 (2.15%) Apache Hive
8 6 (2.15%) Impala
8 6 (2.15%) Oracle Database
9 5 (1.79%) Oracle Database 11g
10 4 (1.43%) Data Warehouse
10 4 (1.43%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
10 4 (1.43%) Relational Database
11 3 (1.08%) Amazon RDS
11 3 (1.08%) RDBMS
11 3 (1.08%) SQL Server 2014
11 3 (1.08%) SQL Server 2017
12 2 (0.72%) MariaDB
13 1 (0.36%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 43 (15.41%) Git (software)
2 28 (10.04%) JIRA
3 21 (7.53%) Jenkins
4 9 (3.23%) Bitbucket
5 8 (2.87%) JUnit
6 7 (2.51%) Eclipse
6 7 (2.51%) Selenium
6 7 (2.51%) Sonatype Nexus
7 6 (2.15%) Bitbucket Server
7 6 (2.15%) git-flow
7 6 (2.15%) IntelliJ
7 6 (2.15%) Oracle APEX
8 4 (1.43%) Subversion
8 4 (1.43%) Team Foundation Server
9 3 (1.08%) WinDbg
10 2 (0.72%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 2 (0.72%) Maven
10 2 (0.72%) Mockito
10 2 (0.72%) Toad
11 1 (0.36%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 32 (11.47%) Finance
2 19 (6.81%) Legal
3 15 (5.38%) Telecoms
4 12 (4.30%) Marketing
5 8 (2.87%) Electronics
6 7 (2.51%) Banking
7 6 (2.15%) Law
7 6 (2.15%) Public Sector
8 5 (1.79%) Back Office
8 5 (1.79%) Manufacturing
9 4 (1.43%) Games
9 4 (1.43%) Publishing
10 3 (1.08%) Investment Banking
11 2 (0.72%) Aerospace
11 2 (0.72%) Financial Institution
12 1 (0.36%) Retail
Job Titles
1 46 (16.49%) Consultant
2 35 (12.54%) Analyst
3 30 (10.75%) Network Engineer
4 27 (9.68%) Developer
5 26 (9.32%) Technical Consultant
6 25 (8.96%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 22 (7.89%) Administrator
8 20 (7.17%) Systems Engineer
9 18 (6.45%) Architect
9 18 (6.45%) Senior Developer
10 16 (5.73%) Systems Administrator
11 15 (5.38%) IT Engineer
11 15 (5.38%) Senior Analyst
11 15 (5.38%) Senior Consultant
12 11 (3.94%) Senior Network Engineer
13 10 (3.58%) Cloud Consultant
13 10 (3.58%) Security Engineer
14 9 (3.23%) Integration Consultant
14 9 (3.23%) Platform Engineer
14 9 (3.23%) SOC Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 46 (16.49%) LDAP
2 41 (14.70%) XML
3 37 (13.26%) Web Services
4 36 (12.90%) HTML
5 33 (11.83%) CSS
6 28 (10.04%) SOAP
7 24 (8.60%) JSON
8 20 (7.17%) Kafka
9 17 (6.09%) REST
10 16 (5.73%) Apache NiFi
11 15 (5.38%) Ajax
11 15 (5.38%) RESTful
12 10 (3.58%) SAML
13 9 (3.23%) HTML5
13 9 (3.23%) J2EE
14 7 (2.51%) .NET
14 7 (2.51%) Node.js
14 7 (2.51%) Spring
14 7 (2.51%) YAML
15 6 (2.15%) J2SE
Miscellaneous
1 52 (18.64%) Analytical Skills
2 33 (11.83%) Management Information System
3 25 (8.96%) PKI
4 23 (8.24%) Data Centre
5 19 (6.81%) Public Cloud
6 17 (6.09%) CMDB
7 15 (5.38%) Analytical Mindset
8 12 (4.30%) Cyberthreat
9 11 (3.94%) Security Operations Centre
10 10 (3.58%) Linux Command Line
11 9 (3.23%) Cyberattack
12 8 (2.87%) Cyber Kill Chain
12 8 (2.87%) Replication
13 6 (2.15%) Enterprise Software
14 5 (1.79%) Derivative
14 5 (1.79%) Driving Licence
14 5 (1.79%) Greenfield Project
14 5 (1.79%) Internet of Things
14 5 (1.79%) Social Media
15 4 (1.43%) Podcast
Operating Systems
1 111 (39.78%) Linux
2 95 (34.05%) Windows
3 53 (19.00%) Windows Server
4 33 (11.83%) Unix
5 21 (7.53%) Windows Server 2012
6 19 (6.81%) Ubuntu
7 16 (5.73%) Solaris
8 12 (4.30%) Windows 10
9 9 (3.23%) Debian
10 7 (2.51%) VMS
11 6 (2.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 6 (2.15%) Windows Server 2016
12 5 (1.79%) CentOS
13 2 (0.72%) Windows XP
14 1 (0.36%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 56 (20.07%) Problem-Solving
2 46 (16.49%) ITIL
3 44 (15.77%) Project Management
4 43 (15.41%) Cybersecurity
4 43 (15.41%) Information Security
5 41 (14.70%) Agile Software Development
6 40 (14.34%) DevOps
7 33 (11.83%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 32 (11.47%) Computer Science
9 31 (11.11%) SIEM
10 28 (10.04%) ITSM
11 27 (9.68%) Disaster Recovery
12 26 (9.32%) Project Delivery
13 25 (8.96%) Configuration Management
14 23 (8.24%) ETL
15 21 (7.53%) Customer Requirements
15 21 (7.53%) Security Operations
16 20 (7.17%) Scrum
17 18 (6.45%) Migration
17 18 (6.45%) Presales
Programming Languages
1 50 (17.92%) Python
2 49 (17.56%) PowerShell
3 34 (12.19%) Bash Shell
3 34 (12.19%) JavaScript
4 33 (11.83%) Perl
5 31 (11.11%) SQL
6 19 (6.81%) Java
7 15 (5.38%) Shell Script
8 13 (4.66%) C
9 9 (3.23%) VB
10 8 (2.87%) PL/SQL
11 7 (2.51%) PHP
12 6 (2.15%) R
12 6 (2.15%) Scala
12 6 (2.15%) T-SQL
13 5 (1.79%) PHP 7
14 4 (1.43%) Ruby
15 3 (1.08%) Apex Code
15 3 (1.08%) AWK
15 3 (1.08%) sed
Qualifications
1 49 (17.56%) Degree
2 42 (15.05%) Cisco Certification
3 28 (10.04%) CCNP
4 24 (8.60%) CCNA
5 20 (7.17%) Security Cleared
6 16 (5.73%) Microsoft Certification
7 15 (5.38%) MCSE
8 14 (5.02%) Computer Science Degree
9 13 (4.66%) CISSP
10 9 (3.23%) JNCIP
11 8 (2.87%) DBS Check
11 8 (2.87%) ITIL Certification
11 8 (2.87%) JNCIA
11 8 (2.87%) MCITP
11 8 (2.87%) MCSA
12 7 (2.51%) CEH
12 7 (2.51%) CompTIA Security+
12 7 (2.51%) DV Cleared
12 7 (2.51%) SSCP
13 6 (2.15%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (7.53%) SLA
2 20 (7.17%) QA
3 14 (5.02%) GDPR
4 8 (2.87%) COBIT
4 8 (2.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (1.79%) Cyber Essentials
5 5 (1.79%) PCI DSS
6 4 (1.43%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 4 (1.43%) NIST
7 3 (1.08%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 3 (1.08%) COSO
7 3 (1.08%) HIPAA
7 3 (1.08%) ITGC
8 1 (0.36%) NCSC
System Software
1 52 (18.64%) Active Directory
2 46 (16.49%) VMware Infrastructure
3 30 (10.75%) Docker
4 26 (9.32%) Hyper-V
5 12 (4.30%) Virtual Desktop
6 11 (3.94%) vSphere
7 9 (3.23%) VMware ESXi
7 9 (3.23%) XenDesktop
8 8 (2.87%) Virtual Servers
9 7 (2.51%) Firmware
10 6 (2.15%) Apache Flume
11 4 (1.43%) Samba
11 4 (1.43%) Virtual Machines
12 3 (1.08%) KVM
12 3 (1.08%) OCFS2
12 3 (1.08%) Oracle RAC
12 3 (1.08%) Postfix
12 3 (1.08%) qmail
12 3 (1.08%) Sendmail
12 3 (1.08%) Xen
Systems Management
1 28 (10.04%) Ansible
2 22 (7.89%) Puppet
3 16 (5.73%) Terraform
4 15 (5.38%) Kubernetes
5 14 (5.02%) HP UCMDB
6 11 (3.94%) Nagios
7 9 (3.23%) Microsoft Intune
7 9 (3.23%) SCCM
7 9 (3.23%) SCOM
7 9 (3.23%) WSUS
8 7 (2.51%) Opscode Chef
8 7 (2.51%) SCOrch
8 7 (2.51%) Single Sign-On
8 7 (2.51%) ZABBIX
9 6 (2.15%) AirWatch
9 6 (2.15%) Cacti
9 6 (2.15%) FortiGate
9 6 (2.15%) Kibana
9 6 (2.15%) Nmap
9 6 (2.15%) Oozie
Vendors
1 82 (29.39%) Microsoft
2 74 (26.52%) Cisco
3 71 (25.45%) VMware
4 37 (13.26%) Citrix
5 29 (10.39%) EMC
6 26 (9.32%) Dell
6 26 (9.32%) Meraki
7 24 (8.60%) HP
8 22 (7.89%) Fortinet
9 21 (7.53%) CheckPoint
9 21 (7.53%) Splunk
10 19 (6.81%) ServiceNow
11 18 (6.45%) F5
12 17 (6.09%) Juniper
13 16 (5.73%) BMC
13 16 (5.73%) EqualLogic
14 15 (5.38%) Remedy
15 13 (4.66%) McAfee
15 13 (4.66%) Oracle
15 13 (4.66%) Red Hat