Period
to 15 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 15 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK
6 months to
15 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 550 492 459
Rank change year-on-year -58 -33 -13
Permanent jobs citing SSL 725 1,023 1,121
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.48% 0.58% 0.64%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 3.19% 3.82% 3.83%
Number of salaries quoted 570 779 871
UK median annual salary £51,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £35,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £74,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,500 £47,500 £47,000
% change year-on-year +4.21% +1.06% +4.44%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 22,759 26,792 29,285
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.02% 15.24% 16.66%
Number of salaries quoted 17,814 21,651 23,791
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,000 £25,750
90th Percentile £76,250 £73,750 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,250 £40,000
% change year-on-year +5.59% +0.63% -

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SSL.

Salary trend for SSL in the UK

SSL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SSL over the 6 months to 15 February 2019.

Salary histogram for SSL in the UK

SSL
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the UK over the 6 months to 15 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -50 685 £52,500 +5.00% 124
UK excluding London -80 450 £49,500 +4.21% 83
London +51 267 £57,500 - 47
North of England 0 121 £40,000 -1.23% 28
South East -114 95 £57,500 +4.55% 16
East of England +61 89 £42,750 -14.50% 19
North West +11 66 £39,000 -22.00% 12
South West +5 64 £51,500 +3.00% 4
Midlands +10 52 £55,000 +24.58% 10
Yorkshire +22 43 £40,000 +6.67% 16
West Midlands +10 35 £64,733 +61.83% 5
Scotland -22 25 £55,000 +22.22% 3
East Midlands +18 17 £52,500 -19.23% 5
North East +14 12 £45,000 +21.62%
Wales - 9 £34,000 - 3

For the 6 months to 15 February 2019, IT jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SSL.

1 352 (48.55%) Firewall
2 289 (39.86%) Windows
3 277 (38.21%) Linux
4 264 (36.41%) DNS
5 214 (29.52%) SQL
6 189 (26.07%) TCP/IP
7 183 (25.24%) Cisco
8 180 (24.83%) VPN
9 174 (24.00%) HTTP
10 159 (21.93%) SQL Server
10 159 (21.93%) Microsoft Azure
11 154 (21.24%) Active Directory
12 146 (20.14%) VMware
13 145 (20.00%) Amazon AWS
14 142 (19.59%) Microsoft
15 140 (19.31%) WAN
16 138 (19.03%) Java
16 138 (19.03%) DevOps
17 131 (18.07%) Windows Server
18 129 (17.79%) Cisco Certification
19 128 (17.66%) Apache
19 128 (17.66%) LAN
20 122 (16.83%) Agile Software Development
21 121 (16.69%) Python
22 118 (16.28%) Problem-Solving
23 117 (16.14%) JavaScript
24 116 (16.00%) PowerShell
25 111 (15.31%) IPsec
26 110 (15.17%) Puppet
27 109 (15.03%) VMware Infrastructure

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (17.66%) Apache
2 89 (12.28%) Tomcat
3 70 (9.66%) IIS
4 61 (8.41%) MS Exchange
5 49 (6.76%) nginx
6 40 (5.52%) Apache Solr
7 28 (3.86%) WebLogic
8 24 (3.31%) SharePoint
9 22 (3.03%) WordPress
10 18 (2.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 17 (2.34%) JBoss
12 15 (2.07%) Exchange Server 2013
13 14 (1.93%) Apache Pig
13 14 (1.93%) Exchange Server 2010
14 13 (1.79%) Elasticsearch
15 9 (1.24%) OpenStack
15 9 (1.24%) Skype for Business
16 8 (1.10%) Oracle HTTP Server
17 7 (0.97%) CMS
18 6 (0.83%) WebSphere
Applications
1 18 (2.48%) MS Visio
2 11 (1.52%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.41%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.28%) Adobe Premiere
4 2 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 22 (3.03%) Magento
2 8 (1.10%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.28%) Lorenzo
5 1 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.14%) Dynamics GP
5 1 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 159 (21.93%) Microsoft Azure
2 145 (20.00%) Amazon AWS
3 67 (9.24%) Office 365
4 64 (8.83%) SaaS
5 55 (7.59%) IaaS
6 37 (5.10%) PaaS
7 11 (1.52%) AWS CloudFormation
7 11 (1.52%) Google Cloud Platform
8 8 (1.10%) Azure Active Directory
9 7 (0.97%) Amazon EC2
9 7 (0.97%) Mimecast
10 6 (0.83%) Apigee
10 6 (0.83%) Cloud Computing
10 6 (0.83%) npm
11 5 (0.69%) AWS Lambda
11 5 (0.69%) Serverless
12 4 (0.55%) Amazon SQS
12 4 (0.55%) OneDrive
13 3 (0.41%) GitHub
13 3 (0.41%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 352 (48.55%) Firewall
2 264 (36.41%) DNS
3 189 (26.07%) TCP/IP
4 180 (24.83%) VPN
5 174 (24.00%) HTTP
6 140 (19.31%) WAN
7 128 (17.66%) LAN
8 111 (15.31%) IPsec
9 108 (14.90%) BGP
10 105 (14.48%) Internet
11 102 (14.07%) OSPF
12 101 (13.93%) Network Security
13 92 (12.69%) Cisco ASA
13 92 (12.69%) VLAN
14 86 (11.86%) Wireless
15 82 (11.31%) EIGRP
16 72 (9.93%) DHCP
17 70 (9.66%) MPLS
18 60 (8.28%) SAN
19 52 (7.17%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 159 (21.93%) SQL Server
2 78 (10.76%) MySQL
3 39 (5.38%) Relational Database
4 33 (4.55%) NoSQL
5 32 (4.41%) MongoDB
6 29 (4.00%) SQL Server 2016
7 24 (3.31%) Apache Cassandra
8 23 (3.17%) PostgreSQL
9 21 (2.90%) Big Data
10 20 (2.76%) Hadoop
11 16 (2.21%) Apache Hive
11 16 (2.21%) Oracle Database
12 10 (1.38%) SQL Server 2012
12 10 (1.38%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 9 (1.24%) DB2
14 8 (1.10%) Amazon RDS
14 8 (1.10%) Oracle Database 11g
15 7 (0.97%) HBase
15 7 (0.97%) MariaDB
15 7 (0.97%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 108 (14.90%) Git (software)
2 86 (11.86%) Jenkins
3 32 (4.41%) TeamCity
4 26 (3.59%) JIRA
5 22 (3.03%) Bitbucket
6 21 (2.90%) Selenium
7 20 (2.76%) Subversion
8 19 (2.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 17 (2.34%) Maven
10 13 (1.79%) Team Foundation Server
11 11 (1.52%) git-flow
11 11 (1.52%) Octopus Deploy
12 10 (1.38%) Axure RP
13 9 (1.24%) CodeSonar
13 9 (1.24%) Cucumber
13 9 (1.24%) Robot Framework
14 8 (1.10%) Eclipse
14 8 (1.10%) gulp
15 7 (0.97%) JUnit
16 6 (0.83%) Visual Studio
General
1 87 (12.00%) Finance
2 56 (7.72%) Retail
3 26 (3.59%) Telecoms
4 19 (2.62%) Banking
5 16 (2.21%) Publishing
6 13 (1.79%) Marketing
7 12 (1.66%) Advertising
8 10 (1.38%) Games
9 8 (1.10%) Manufacturing
10 6 (0.83%) Legal
11 5 (0.69%) Investment Banking
12 4 (0.55%) Law
13 3 (0.41%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.41%) Front Office
14 2 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
15 1 (0.14%) Automotive
15 1 (0.14%) Back Office
15 1 (0.14%) Electronics
15 1 (0.14%) Local Government
15 1 (0.14%) Military
Job Titles
1 123 (16.97%) Network Engineer
2 81 (11.17%) Developer
3 64 (8.83%) DevOps Engineer
4 61 (8.41%) Support Engineer
5 60 (8.28%) Analyst
6 50 (6.90%) Security Engineer
7 46 (6.34%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 46 (6.34%) Systems Engineer
8 43 (5.93%) Linux Engineer
9 41 (5.66%) Consultant
10 40 (5.52%) Applications Support
10 40 (5.52%) Senior Network Engineer
11 38 (5.24%) Applications Engineer
11 38 (5.24%) Web Engineer
12 36 (4.97%) Architect
12 36 (4.97%) Network Security Engineer
13 34 (4.69%) Web Applications Engineer
14 32 (4.41%) Applications Support Engineer
14 32 (4.41%) Web Applications Support
15 31 (4.28%) Web Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 96 (13.24%) XML
2 90 (12.41%) HTML
3 74 (10.21%) SOAP
4 64 (8.83%) REST
5 62 (8.55%) CSS
6 54 (7.45%) .NET
7 53 (7.31%) JSON
8 50 (6.90%) AngularJS
9 48 (6.62%) Web Services
10 42 (5.79%) LAMP
11 35 (4.83%) RESTful
12 33 (4.55%) Spring
13 31 (4.28%) LDAP
14 29 (4.00%) HTML5
14 29 (4.00%) Node.js
15 26 (3.59%) ASP.NET
16 25 (3.45%) 802.1X
17 23 (3.17%) OAuth
18 22 (3.03%) Middleware
19 17 (2.34%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 86 (11.86%) Data Centre
2 83 (11.45%) Analytical Skills
3 69 (9.52%) Self-Motivation
4 62 (8.55%) Management Information System
5 48 (6.62%) Security Operations Centre
6 26 (3.59%) PKI
7 20 (2.76%) Enterprise Software
8 18 (2.48%) Clustering
8 18 (2.48%) Cyberthreat
8 18 (2.48%) User Experience
9 16 (2.21%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 15 (2.07%) Public Cloud
11 14 (1.93%) Replication
12 13 (1.79%) Greenfield Project
12 13 (1.79%) iPhone
13 12 (1.66%) Cyber Defence
13 12 (1.66%) Video Conferencing
14 11 (1.52%) CMDB
14 11 (1.52%) Linux Command Line
15 10 (1.38%) Fat Client
Operating Systems
1 289 (39.86%) Windows
2 277 (38.21%) Linux
3 131 (18.07%) Windows Server
4 89 (12.28%) Unix
5 61 (8.41%) Windows Server 2012
6 54 (7.45%) Windows Server 2008
7 31 (4.28%) Windows Server 2003
8 30 (4.14%) Android
9 27 (3.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 25 (3.45%) AIX
11 24 (3.31%) CentOS
12 21 (2.90%) Apple iOS
13 18 (2.48%) Windows 8
14 13 (1.79%) Debian
14 13 (1.79%) Windows 10
14 13 (1.79%) Windows Phone
15 12 (1.66%) Ubuntu
16 11 (1.52%) Mac OS X
16 11 (1.52%) Windows 7
17 8 (1.10%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 138 (19.03%) DevOps
2 122 (16.83%) Agile Software Development
3 118 (16.28%) Problem-Solving
4 98 (13.52%) ITIL
5 88 (12.14%) Configuration Management
6 79 (10.90%) Load Balancing
7 69 (9.52%) Cybersecurity
7 69 (9.52%) Security Operations
8 67 (9.24%) Performance Tuning
9 65 (8.97%) Change Management
10 62 (8.55%) Continuous Integration
11 60 (8.28%) SIEM
12 58 (8.00%) Computer Science
13 56 (7.72%) Presales
14 55 (7.59%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 50 (6.90%) Information Security
15 50 (6.90%) TDD
16 47 (6.48%) Line Management
16 47 (6.48%) Migration
17 46 (6.34%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 214 (29.52%) SQL
2 138 (19.03%) Java
3 121 (16.69%) Python
4 117 (16.14%) JavaScript
5 116 (16.00%) PowerShell
6 87 (12.00%) Bash Shell
7 62 (8.55%) Perl
8 57 (7.86%) C#
9 53 (7.31%) PHP
10 40 (5.52%) C
11 35 (4.83%) Shell Script
12 24 (3.31%) T-SQL
13 22 (3.03%) Objective-C
13 22 (3.03%) PL/SQL
14 20 (2.76%) C++
15 13 (1.79%) VBScript
16 9 (1.24%) Apple Swift
16 9 (1.24%) Ruby
17 7 (0.97%) Go
17 7 (0.97%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 129 (17.79%) Cisco Certification
2 97 (13.38%) Degree
3 89 (12.28%) CCNP
4 66 (9.10%) CCNA
5 58 (8.00%) CISSP
6 38 (5.24%) Computer Science Degree
7 35 (4.83%) JNCIS
8 31 (4.28%) GIAC
9 28 (3.86%) Security Cleared
10 26 (3.59%) Microsoft Certification
11 22 (3.03%) CCIE
12 19 (2.62%) SANS
13 17 (2.34%) MCSE
14 16 (2.21%) DV Cleared
15 15 (2.07%) AWS Certification
15 15 (2.07%) CEH
16 13 (1.79%) CCSP
16 13 (1.79%) CompTIA Security+
17 11 (1.52%) Network+ Certification
18 10 (1.38%) GCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 71 (9.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 48 (6.62%) GDPR
3 41 (5.66%) Cyber Essentials
4 40 (5.52%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 39 (5.38%) HIPAA
6 31 (4.28%) QA
7 29 (4.00%) SLA
8 22 (3.03%) PCI DSS
9 12 (1.66%) SAS 70
10 10 (1.38%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 7 (0.97%) COBIT
12 4 (0.55%) HL7
13 2 (0.28%) FIPS 140-2
13 2 (0.28%) ISO 31000
14 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 154 (21.24%) Active Directory
2 109 (15.03%) VMware Infrastructure
3 64 (8.83%) Docker
4 41 (5.66%) Hyper-V
5 22 (3.03%) Virtual Machines
6 17 (2.34%) XenApp
7 14 (1.93%) vSphere
8 12 (1.66%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 11 (1.52%) iptables
9 11 (1.52%) Virtual Servers
10 10 (1.38%) NFS
10 10 (1.38%) Oracle RAC
10 10 (1.38%) VMware ESXi
11 9 (1.24%) Firmware
11 9 (1.24%) VMware Workstation
12 7 (0.97%) HDFS
13 6 (0.83%) pfSense
13 6 (0.83%) Varnish
13 6 (0.83%) XenDesktop
14 5 (0.69%) LXC
Systems Management
1 110 (15.17%) Puppet
2 91 (12.55%) Opscode Chef
3 83 (11.45%) Ansible
4 30 (4.14%) AirWatch
5 29 (4.00%) Nagios
6 26 (3.59%) Terraform
7 20 (2.76%) SCCM
7 20 (2.76%) SCOM
8 16 (2.21%) Kubernetes
9 13 (1.79%) FortiGate
10 12 (1.66%) HAProxy
11 11 (1.52%) QRadar
12 10 (1.38%) Packer
12 10 (1.38%) Salt
12 10 (1.38%) Single Sign-On
13 8 (1.10%) Cisco CUCM
14 7 (0.97%) Cisco Prime
14 7 (0.97%) Oozie
14 7 (0.97%) Prometheus
14 7 (0.97%) yum
Vendors
1 183 (25.24%) Cisco
2 146 (20.14%) VMware
3 142 (19.59%) Microsoft
4 101 (13.93%) Juniper
5 90 (12.41%) Palo Alto
6 74 (10.21%) Oracle
7 67 (9.24%) CheckPoint
8 64 (8.83%) Splunk
9 50 (6.90%) F5
10 39 (5.38%) IBM
11 34 (4.69%) Citrix
11 34 (4.69%) Red Hat
12 33 (4.55%) Fortinet
13 32 (4.41%) Meraki
14 31 (4.28%) ForeScout
15 26 (3.59%) HP
16 25 (3.45%) NetApp
17 23 (3.17%) SolarWinds
18 22 (3.03%) Dell
19 16 (2.21%) Aruba