Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 12 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK > England
6 months to
12 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 469 415 351
Rank change year-on-year -54 -64 +119
Contract jobs citing SSL 338 321 186
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.46% 0.54% 0.61%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 3.97% 4.73% 4.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 238 179 114
10th Percentile £420 £325 £329
25th Percentile £500 £425 £421
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £501
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -0.10% +0.10%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £592
90th Percentile £691 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £550 £510 £500
% change year-on-year +7.84% +2.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 7 3
10th Percentile £44.91 £29.80 -
25th Percentile £49.28 £39.50 -
Median hourly rate £54.60 £40.00 £40.00
Median % change year-on-year +36.50% - +57.51%
75th Percentile £59.87 £55.00 -
90th Percentile £61.89 £55.50 -
UK median hourly rate £52.50 £46.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +12.90% +16.25% +57.51%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 8,507 6,789 4,125
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.70% 11.51% 13.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,726 4,377 2,614
10th Percentile £228 £250 £200
25th Percentile £385 £355 £320
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
75th Percentile £625 £559 £538
90th Percentile £700 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £463 £438
% change year-on-year +8.11% +5.71% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 329 316 188
10th Percentile £15.25 £12.00 £14.00
25th Percentile £17.56 £14.25 £17.00
Median hourly rate £32.50 £21.75 £30.00
Median % change year-on-year +49.43% -27.50% +39.26%
75th Percentile £57.50 £48.56 £45.54
90th Percentile £69.60 £63.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £22.50 £32.25
% change year-on-year +55.56% -30.23% +43.33%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SSL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in England

SSL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SSL in England.

Daily rate trend for SSL in England

SSL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SSL in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Daily rate histogram for SSL in England

SSL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SSL in England.

Hourly rate trend for SSL in England

SSL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SSL in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for SSL in England

SSL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the England region over the 6 months to 12 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -41 212 £575 +10.31% 31
South East -12 36 £500 +3.63% 9
North of England -39 29 £500 - 11
Midlands -23 22 £585 +18.18% 9
West Midlands -14 21 £585 +17.00% 9
North West -38 19 £525 +7.69% 8
Yorkshire -17 10 £500 +4.76% 3
South West -24 10 £441 +19.59% 4
East of England -11 6 £400 - 6
East Midlands -7 1 £425 +6.25%
SSL
UK

For the 6 months to 12 August 2022, IT contractor jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SSL.

1 145 (42.90%) Linux
2 142 (42.01%) Firewall
3 104 (30.77%) DNS
4 101 (29.88%) Windows
5 97 (28.70%) DevOps
6 93 (27.51%) Ansible
7 90 (26.63%) Unix
8 80 (23.67%) AWS
9 79 (23.37%) Kubernetes
10 78 (23.08%) Microsoft
10 78 (23.08%) Finance
11 77 (22.78%) Docker
12 73 (21.60%) CI/CD
12 73 (21.60%) Azure
13 71 (21.01%) Python
14 69 (20.41%) VPN
15 67 (19.82%) SQL
16 65 (19.23%) VMware
17 63 (18.64%) Java
18 60 (17.75%) Oracle
18 60 (17.75%) Social Skills
19 56 (16.57%) IBM
20 51 (15.09%) HTTP
20 51 (15.09%) IPsec
20 51 (15.09%) Terraform
21 49 (14.50%) PKI
22 48 (14.20%) Agile
22 48 (14.20%) Cisco
22 48 (14.20%) ITIL
22 48 (14.20%) GCP

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (13.02%) WebSphere
2 34 (10.06%) nginx
3 33 (9.76%) OpenStack
3 33 (9.76%) Tomcat
4 31 (9.17%) Apache
4 31 (9.17%) WebSphere Application Server
5 26 (7.69%) IBM HTTP Server
6 21 (6.21%) IIS
7 20 (5.92%) Confluence
8 11 (3.25%) Oracle Workflow
9 9 (2.66%) Cloud Foundry
10 8 (2.37%) WebLogic
11 5 (1.48%) Mule
11 5 (1.48%) WebLogic Portal
12 4 (1.18%) JBoss
12 4 (1.18%) MS Exchange
12 4 (1.18%) SharePoint
13 3 (0.89%) Apache Airflow
13 3 (0.89%) SAS
14 2 (0.59%) Oracle HTTP Server
Applications
1 44 (13.02%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (5.03%) MS Visio
3 10 (2.96%) Microsoft Excel
4 7 (2.07%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (1.48%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.89%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 8 (2.37%) Oracle Cash Management
1 8 (2.37%) Oracle Receivables
2 4 (1.18%) Magento
3 2 (0.59%) ION MarketView
3 2 (0.59%) RMDS
3 2 (0.59%) SAP R/3
4 1 (0.30%) BASE24
4 1 (0.30%) Primavera
4 1 (0.30%) SAP MDM
Cloud Services
1 80 (23.67%) AWS
2 73 (21.60%) Azure
3 48 (14.20%) GCP
4 42 (12.43%) PaaS
5 27 (7.99%) IaaS
6 22 (6.51%) SaaS
7 20 (5.92%) GitHub
8 13 (3.85%) Azure DevOps
8 13 (3.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 10 (2.96%) Azure Active Directory
10 9 (2.66%) Cloud Computing
10 9 (2.66%) Microsoft 365
11 8 (2.37%) Apigee
12 6 (1.78%) Amazon EC2
12 6 (1.78%) Google Kubernetes Engine
12 6 (1.78%) OpenShift
13 5 (1.48%) Azure Monitor
13 5 (1.48%) Azure Storage
13 5 (1.48%) npm
13 5 (1.48%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 142 (42.01%) Firewall
2 104 (30.77%) DNS
3 69 (20.41%) VPN
4 51 (15.09%) HTTP
4 51 (15.09%) IPsec
5 47 (13.91%) DHCP
6 35 (10.36%) Internet
6 35 (10.36%) WAN
7 32 (9.47%) TCP/IP
8 30 (8.88%) Network Security
9 29 (8.58%) Cisco ASA
10 27 (7.99%) BGP
11 22 (6.51%) Intranet
11 22 (6.51%) SD-WAN
12 20 (5.92%) BIG-IP
13 19 (5.62%) LAN
14 16 (4.73%) IKE
14 16 (4.73%) NGFW
15 15 (4.44%) HTTPS
15 15 (4.44%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (11.83%) SQL Server
2 35 (10.36%) MongoDB
3 33 (9.76%) MySQL
4 29 (8.58%) PostgreSQL
5 21 (6.21%) Hadoop
6 18 (5.33%) Oracle Database
7 15 (4.44%) Couchbase
7 15 (4.44%) Redis
8 14 (4.14%) Oracle Reports
9 11 (3.25%) NoSQL
9 11 (3.25%) Relational Database
10 10 (2.96%) DynamoDB
11 8 (2.37%) BusinessObjects
11 8 (2.37%) Crystal Reports
12 7 (2.07%) Big Data
13 6 (1.78%) Oracle Database 11g
13 6 (1.78%) Oracle Database 12c
13 6 (1.78%) Pentaho
14 5 (1.48%) DocumentDB
14 5 (1.48%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 46 (13.61%) Jenkins
2 42 (12.43%) JIRA
3 37 (10.95%) Git (software)
4 17 (5.03%) Eclipse
4 17 (5.03%) IBM UrbanCode
4 17 (5.03%) Sonatype Nexus
5 12 (3.55%) GitLab
6 10 (2.96%) Maven
7 6 (1.78%) Bitbucket
8 5 (1.48%) JUnit
8 5 (1.48%) Mockito
8 5 (1.48%) Selenium
9 4 (1.18%) SonarQube
10 3 (0.89%) VSS/SourceSafe
11 2 (0.59%) NWDI
11 2 (0.59%) NWDS
11 2 (0.59%) Oracle Forms
12 1 (0.30%) Artifactory
12 1 (0.30%) GDB
12 1 (0.30%) SoapUI
General
1 78 (23.08%) Finance
2 60 (17.75%) Social Skills
3 40 (11.83%) Telecoms
4 34 (10.06%) Banking
5 23 (6.80%) Games
6 20 (5.92%) Analytical Skills
7 13 (3.85%) Public Sector
8 12 (3.55%) Military
9 8 (2.37%) Back Office
10 7 (2.07%) Organisational Skills
11 4 (1.18%) Documentation Skills
12 3 (0.89%) Investment Banking
12 3 (0.89%) Law
12 3 (0.89%) Presentation Skills
13 2 (0.59%) Influencing Skills
13 2 (0.59%) International Banking
13 2 (0.59%) Retail
14 1 (0.30%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 1 (0.30%) Local Government
14 1 (0.30%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 45 (13.31%) Security Engineer
2 36 (10.65%) DevOps Engineer
3 33 (9.76%) Network Engineer
4 28 (8.28%) Architect
4 28 (8.28%) Developer
5 25 (7.40%) Administrator
6 23 (6.80%) VMware Engineer
7 18 (5.33%) Consultant
8 16 (4.73%) Analyst
9 15 (4.44%) Design Engineer
9 15 (4.44%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 12 (3.55%) Kubernetes Engineer
10 12 (3.55%) Support Engineer
10 12 (3.55%) Unix Engineer
10 12 (3.55%) WebSphere Engineer
11 11 (3.25%) Azure Engineer
11 11 (3.25%) Telecoms Engineer
11 11 (3.25%) Unix Security Engineer
12 10 (2.96%) AWS Architect
12 10 (2.96%) Firewall Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 41 (12.13%) OAuth
2 30 (8.88%) REST
2 30 (8.88%) SAML
3 29 (8.58%) LDAP
4 28 (8.28%) Middleware
5 27 (7.99%) Web Services
6 26 (7.69%) Node.js
7 23 (6.80%) Kafka
8 22 (6.51%) XML
9 21 (6.21%) OAuth2
10 16 (4.73%) JDBC
10 16 (4.73%) JSON
10 16 (4.73%) JWT
10 16 (4.73%) React
11 15 (4.44%) RabbitMQ
12 14 (4.14%) AngularJS
12 14 (4.14%) HTML
12 14 (4.14%) Spring Boot
13 12 (3.55%) .NET
13 12 (3.55%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 49 (14.50%) PKI
2 26 (7.69%) Public Cloud
3 23 (6.80%) Clustering
3 23 (6.80%) Private Cloud
3 23 (6.80%) Self-Motivation
4 22 (6.51%) Management Information System
5 21 (6.21%) Data Protection Act
6 19 (5.62%) Data Centre
7 17 (5.03%) Enterprise Software
8 14 (4.14%) Hybrid Cloud
9 12 (3.55%) Linux Command Line
10 10 (2.96%) DataPower
11 9 (2.66%) CMDB
12 7 (2.07%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 6 (1.78%) Mobile App
14 5 (1.48%) Wiki
15 4 (1.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 4 (1.18%) Greenfield Project
16 3 (0.89%) Legacy Systems
17 2 (0.59%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 145 (42.90%) Linux
2 101 (29.88%) Windows
3 90 (26.63%) Unix
4 24 (7.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 19 (5.62%) Windows Server 2012
6 18 (5.33%) Windows Server
7 15 (4.44%) Debian
8 14 (4.14%) Windows 10
9 11 (3.25%) AIX
10 8 (2.37%) CentOS
10 8 (2.37%) Windows Server 2016
10 8 (2.37%) Windows Server 2019
11 6 (1.78%) Ubuntu
11 6 (1.78%) zOS
12 5 (1.48%) Android
12 5 (1.48%) Apple iOS
12 5 (1.48%) Solaris
12 5 (1.48%) Windows Server 2008
13 4 (1.18%) HPUX
13 4 (1.18%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 97 (28.70%) DevOps
2 73 (21.60%) CI/CD
3 48 (14.20%) Agile
3 48 (14.20%) ITIL
4 46 (13.61%) Load Balancing
5 37 (10.95%) Cybersecurity
6 33 (9.76%) Data Protection
7 31 (9.17%) Migration
7 31 (9.17%) SDLC
8 29 (8.58%) Key Management
9 24 (7.10%) Problem-Solving
9 24 (7.10%) Test Automation
10 22 (6.51%) Change Management
10 22 (6.51%) Incident Management
10 22 (6.51%) Project Delivery
11 21 (6.21%) Continuous Integration
11 21 (6.21%) Scrum
12 19 (5.62%) Identity Access Management
12 19 (5.62%) Security Hardening
13 18 (5.33%) Vulnerability Management
Programming Languages
1 71 (21.01%) Python
2 67 (19.82%) SQL
3 63 (18.64%) Java
4 45 (13.31%) Bash
5 34 (10.06%) PowerShell
6 31 (9.17%) Shell Script
7 23 (6.80%) Perl
8 21 (6.21%) JavaScript
9 20 (5.92%) Groovy
10 12 (3.55%) Ruby
11 9 (2.66%) Go
11 9 (2.66%) PHP
12 6 (1.78%) C#
12 6 (1.78%) TypeScript
13 5 (1.48%) C++
13 5 (1.48%) ES6
14 4 (1.18%) C
14 4 (1.18%) PL/SQL
15 2 (0.59%) Lisp
15 2 (0.59%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
Qualifications
1 27 (7.99%) Security Cleared
2 26 (7.69%) SC Cleared
3 24 (7.10%) Cisco Certification
3 24 (7.10%) Degree
4 13 (3.85%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
5 10 (2.96%) CCNP
5 10 (2.96%) JNCIS
6 8 (2.37%) CCNA
7 5 (1.48%) AWS Certification
7 5 (1.48%) CCIE
7 5 (1.48%) Microsoft Certification
8 4 (1.18%) CCIE Security
9 3 (0.89%) CCSE
9 3 (0.89%) CEH
9 3 (0.89%) CISSP
9 3 (0.89%) Computer Science Degree
9 3 (0.89%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.89%) MCSE
10 2 (0.59%) CCSA
10 2 (0.59%) JNCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (4.14%) SLA
2 8 (2.37%) QA
3 3 (0.89%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 3 (0.89%) NIST
3 3 (0.89%) OASIS TOSCA
4 2 (0.59%) DICOM
4 2 (0.59%) HL7
4 2 (0.59%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.30%) ISO 8583
5 1 (0.30%) NCSC
System Software
1 77 (22.78%) Docker
2 43 (12.72%) Active Directory
3 28 (8.28%) vCloud
4 24 (7.10%) VMware Infrastructure
5 20 (5.92%) ProxySG
6 17 (5.03%) VMware Workstation
7 11 (3.25%) VMware ESXi
8 9 (2.66%) Virtual Machines
9 7 (2.07%) BitLocker
10 4 (1.18%) NFS
11 3 (0.89%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 3 (0.89%) Oracle RAC
11 3 (0.89%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.59%) Hyper-V
12 2 (0.59%) Snort
12 2 (0.59%) Squid
12 2 (0.59%) vSphere
13 1 (0.30%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 1 (0.30%) Samba
13 1 (0.30%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 93 (27.51%) Ansible
2 79 (23.37%) Kubernetes
3 51 (15.09%) Terraform
4 47 (13.91%) Single Sign-On
5 19 (5.62%) Consul
6 18 (5.33%) Grafana
7 17 (5.03%) HAProxy
8 15 (4.44%) Prometheus
8 15 (4.44%) ZABBIX
9 12 (3.55%) Fluentd
10 11 (3.25%) Opscode Chef
11 7 (2.07%) Dell DRAC
11 7 (2.07%) Puppet
12 6 (1.78%) SCCM
13 5 (1.48%) vCenter Server
14 4 (1.18%) CA Single Sign-On
14 4 (1.18%) FortiGate
14 4 (1.18%) Microsoft Intune
14 4 (1.18%) Nagios
15 3 (0.89%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 78 (23.08%) Microsoft
2 65 (19.23%) VMware
3 60 (17.75%) Oracle
4 56 (16.57%) IBM
5 48 (14.20%) Cisco
5 48 (14.20%) F5
6 36 (10.65%) CheckPoint
7 34 (10.06%) CA
8 33 (9.76%) Google
9 32 (9.47%) CyberArk
10 30 (8.88%) Palo Alto
11 28 (8.28%) Red Hat
12 26 (7.69%) Blue Coat
12 26 (7.69%) Fortinet
13 24 (7.10%) Splunk
14 23 (6.80%) Infoblox
15 21 (6.21%) Dynatrace
16 20 (5.92%) AppDynamics
16 20 (5.92%) McAfee
17 19 (5.62%) Juniper