Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 403 363 413
Rank change year-on-year -40 +50 -56
Contract jobs citing SSL 244 239 489
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.50% 0.61% 0.59%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 4.37% 4.61% 4.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 133 159 326
10th Percentile £325 £355 £361
25th Percentile £400 £428 £421
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £538 £525
Median % change year-on-year -11.71% +2.48% +5.00%
75th Percentile £575 £639 £588
90th Percentile £635 £725 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £520 £515
% change year-on-year -3.85% +0.97% +3.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 0 6
10th Percentile £39.50 " £21.88
25th Percentile £39.63 " £23.29
Median hourly rate £46.50 - £25.67
75th Percentile £55.25 " £42.50
90th Percentile £55.50 " £50.63
UK median hourly rate £53.00 - £25.67

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 5,586 5,181 10,490
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.39% 13.28% 12.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,610 3,228 6,625
10th Percentile £235 £200 £209
25th Percentile £350 £322 £330
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £430 £435
Median % change year-on-year +4.65% -1.15% +2.35%
75th Percentile £538 £538 £538
90th Percentile £638 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £429
% change year-on-year +5.88% -0.93% +0.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 267 238 466
10th Percentile £12.24 £13.47 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.00 £15.75 £14.53
Median hourly rate £23.50 £20.50 £19.57
Median % change year-on-year +14.63% +4.75% +0.36%
75th Percentile £50.00 £43.75 £43.75
90th Percentile £62.00 £51.98 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £23.75 £20.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% +18.75% +6.16%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SSL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in England

SSL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SSL in England.

Daily rate trend for SSL in England

SSL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SSL in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SSL in England

SSL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SSL in England.

Hourly rate trend for SSL in England

SSL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SSL in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for SSL in England

SSL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the England region over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -90 124 £500 -9.09% 16
North of England -2 30 £476 -4.75% 14
South West +31 25 £425 -10.53% 3
South East -8 20 £475 +5.56% 21
North West +1 19 £403 +2.22% 5
East of England +19 16 £450 -23.08% 2
Midlands -7 13 £400 -33.33% 9
West Midlands -9 9 £445 -25.83% 4
North East +18 8 £575 +17.35% 2
East Midlands +8 6 £400 - 5
Yorkshire -2 3 £453 -13.89% 7
SSL
UK

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SSL.

1 91 (37.30%) Firewall
2 75 (30.74%) Linux
3 73 (29.92%) AWS
4 71 (29.10%) DevOps
5 66 (27.05%) Agile Software Development
6 65 (26.64%) TCP/IP
6 65 (26.64%) DNS
7 60 (24.59%) Azure
8 59 (24.18%) VPN
8 59 (24.18%) Java
9 49 (20.08%) SQL
10 47 (19.26%) Microsoft
10 47 (19.26%) Cisco
10 47 (19.26%) Social Skills
11 43 (17.62%) Finance
12 42 (17.21%) IPsec
12 42 (17.21%) HTTP
13 40 (16.39%) Python
14 37 (15.16%) VMware
14 37 (15.16%) Banking
14 37 (15.16%) Jenkins
15 35 (14.34%) Kubernetes
16 34 (13.93%) Git (software)
16 34 (13.93%) VMware Infrastructure
16 34 (13.93%) Windows
16 34 (13.93%) Oracle
16 34 (13.93%) Web Services
17 32 (13.11%) Scrum
18 31 (12.70%) Cisco Certification
19 28 (11.48%) F5

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (11.48%) WebSphere
2 27 (11.07%) Apache
3 23 (9.43%) Tomcat
4 18 (7.38%) WebSphere Application Server
5 15 (6.15%) IIS
6 11 (4.51%) Confluence
7 10 (4.10%) SharePoint
8 9 (3.69%) Apache Spark
9 8 (3.28%) nginx
10 7 (2.87%) Apache ServiceMix
10 7 (2.87%) IBM Domino
11 5 (2.05%) WebLogic
11 5 (2.05%) WordPress
12 4 (1.64%) Jetty
12 4 (1.64%) Mongrel
13 3 (1.23%) Apache Airflow
13 3 (1.23%) WebLogic Portal
14 2 (0.82%) IBM Notes
14 2 (0.82%) JBoss
14 2 (0.82%) Oracle HTTP Server
Applications
1 18 (7.38%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (5.33%) MS Visio
3 5 (2.05%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 8 (3.28%) Magento
2 7 (2.87%) Shopify
3 3 (1.23%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 73 (29.92%) AWS
2 60 (24.59%) Azure
3 22 (9.02%) GCP
4 17 (6.97%) IaaS
5 16 (6.56%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 13 (5.33%) Serverless
7 11 (4.51%) Amazon EC2
7 11 (4.51%) Microsoft 365
8 9 (3.69%) Azure ExpressRoute
8 9 (3.69%) PaaS
9 7 (2.87%) Amazon S3
9 7 (2.87%) AWS Lambda
9 7 (2.87%) Cloud Computing
9 7 (2.87%) GitHub
9 7 (2.87%) SaaS
10 5 (2.05%) Azure Storage
10 5 (2.05%) Force.com
10 5 (2.05%) Google Workspace
10 5 (2.05%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
10 5 (2.05%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 91 (37.30%) Firewall
2 65 (26.64%) DNS
2 65 (26.64%) TCP/IP
3 59 (24.18%) VPN
4 42 (17.21%) HTTP
4 42 (17.21%) IPsec
5 27 (11.07%) DHCP
6 26 (10.66%) WAN
7 24 (9.84%) LAN
7 24 (9.84%) OSPF
8 21 (8.61%) BGP
8 21 (8.61%) Network Security
9 20 (8.20%) Kerberos
10 19 (7.79%) FTP
10 19 (7.79%) SSH
11 18 (7.38%) MPLS
12 17 (6.97%) EIGRP
13 15 (6.15%) Cisco ASA
13 15 (6.15%) Wireless
14 14 (5.74%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (6.97%) Hazelcast
1 17 (6.97%) Redis
2 12 (4.92%) MySQL
3 7 (2.87%) Apache Hive
3 7 (2.87%) HBase
3 7 (2.87%) Relational Database
3 7 (2.87%) SQL Server
4 6 (2.46%) NoSQL
5 5 (2.05%) Amazon RDS
6 4 (1.64%) Hadoop
6 4 (1.64%) MongoDB
6 4 (1.64%) PostgreSQL
6 4 (1.64%) Sqoop
7 3 (1.23%) Cloudera CDH
7 3 (1.23%) Mixpanel
7 3 (1.23%) Parquet
8 2 (0.82%) Big Data
8 2 (0.82%) Data Warehouse
8 2 (0.82%) RDBMS
9 1 (0.41%) Firebird
Development Applications
1 37 (15.16%) Jenkins
2 34 (13.93%) Git (software)
3 22 (9.02%) JIRA
4 10 (4.10%) IBM UrbanCode
4 10 (4.10%) Sonatype Nexus
5 5 (2.05%) gulp
5 5 (2.05%) Maven
5 5 (2.05%) Subversion
6 4 (1.64%) fastlane
6 4 (1.64%) Flyway
6 4 (1.64%) Gradle
6 4 (1.64%) Travis CI
7 3 (1.23%) Bitbucket
7 3 (1.23%) Cucumber
7 3 (1.23%) Selenium
8 2 (0.82%) Eclipse
8 2 (0.82%) FishEye
8 2 (0.82%) Gatling
8 2 (0.82%) JUnit
8 2 (0.82%) ProC
General
1 47 (19.26%) Social Skills
2 43 (17.62%) Finance
3 37 (15.16%) Banking
4 17 (6.97%) Investment Banking
5 16 (6.56%) Public Sector
6 10 (4.10%) Front Office
7 9 (3.69%) Analytical Skills
8 8 (3.28%) Presentation Skills
9 7 (2.87%) Retail Banking
10 6 (2.46%) Documentation Skills
11 5 (2.05%) Telecoms
12 3 (1.23%) Automotive
13 2 (0.82%) Influencing Skills
13 2 (0.82%) Marketing
13 2 (0.82%) Organisational Skills
14 1 (0.41%) Aerospace
14 1 (0.41%) Local Government
14 1 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 45 (18.44%) Developer
2 40 (16.39%) Architect
3 23 (9.43%) Java Developer
4 22 (9.02%) Senior Developer
5 21 (8.61%) DevOps Engineer
6 18 (7.38%) Network Engineer
6 18 (7.38%) Senior Java Developer
7 14 (5.74%) Consultant
8 13 (5.33%) Administrator
9 12 (4.92%) Solutions Architect
10 10 (4.10%) Security Architect
10 10 (4.10%) Senior Architect
11 9 (3.69%) Applications Specialist
11 9 (3.69%) Security Engineer
12 8 (3.28%) Lead Developer
12 8 (3.28%) Technical Architect
13 7 (2.87%) Cisco Engineer
13 7 (2.87%) Cisco Network Engineer
13 7 (2.87%) Network Architect
13 7 (2.87%) WebSphere Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 34 (13.93%) Web Services
2 27 (11.07%) RESTful
3 25 (10.25%) Spring
4 23 (9.43%) Spring Boot
5 22 (9.02%) Node.js
6 21 (8.61%) Kafka
6 21 (8.61%) SAML
6 21 (8.61%) SOAP
7 20 (8.20%) REST
7 20 (8.20%) XML
8 18 (7.38%) OAuth
9 17 (6.97%) LDAP
9 17 (6.97%) Memcached
10 16 (6.56%) OpenID
11 15 (6.15%) OAuth2
12 14 (5.74%) HTML
13 13 (5.33%) WebSphere MQ
14 12 (4.92%) Middleware
14 12 (4.92%) XACML
15 10 (4.10%) JDBC
Miscellaneous
1 26 (10.66%) Data Centre
2 21 (8.61%) Algorithms
3 20 (8.20%) Data Structures
4 19 (7.79%) Clustering
5 17 (6.97%) Derivative
5 17 (6.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 12 (4.92%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 12 (4.92%) Public Cloud
7 11 (4.51%) PKI
8 10 (4.10%) Mobile App
9 9 (3.69%) Fixed Income
9 9 (3.69%) Management Information System
10 6 (2.46%) Self-Motivation
11 4 (1.64%) Enterprise Software
12 3 (1.23%) Animation
12 3 (1.23%) DataPower
13 2 (0.82%) Driving Licence
13 2 (0.82%) Life Science
13 2 (0.82%) N-Tier
13 2 (0.82%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 75 (30.74%) Linux
2 34 (13.93%) Windows
3 23 (9.43%) Unix
4 12 (4.92%) Windows Server
5 9 (3.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (3.28%) Android
7 6 (2.46%) zOS
8 5 (2.05%) AIX
9 4 (1.64%) Solaris
10 3 (1.23%) Apple iOS
10 3 (1.23%) VMS
10 3 (1.23%) Windows 10
10 3 (1.23%) Windows Server 2016
10 3 (1.23%) Windows Server 2019
11 2 (0.82%) Amazon Linux
11 2 (0.82%) CatOS
11 2 (0.82%) CentOS
11 2 (0.82%) Windows Phone
11 2 (0.82%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 71 (29.10%) DevOps
2 66 (27.05%) Agile Software Development
3 32 (13.11%) Scrum
4 26 (10.66%) Continuous Integration
5 24 (9.84%) Performance Tuning
6 22 (9.02%) Microservices
7 20 (8.20%) Multithreading
8 19 (7.79%) API Development
9 18 (7.38%) API Design
9 18 (7.38%) ITIL
10 17 (6.97%) Cybersecurity
10 17 (6.97%) Functional Programming
10 17 (6.97%) Migration
11 15 (6.15%) Problem Management
12 14 (5.74%) Configuration Management
12 14 (5.74%) Continuous Delivery
12 14 (5.74%) High Availability
12 14 (5.74%) Performance Monitoring
13 13 (5.33%) Load Balancing
13 13 (5.33%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 59 (24.18%) Java
2 49 (20.08%) SQL
3 40 (16.39%) Python
4 26 (10.66%) Shell Script
5 24 (9.84%) Scala
6 22 (9.02%) Java 8
7 21 (8.61%) JavaScript
8 19 (7.79%) Bash Shell
8 19 (7.79%) PL/SQL
9 17 (6.97%) Haskell
9 17 (6.97%) PHP
10 9 (3.69%) TypeScript
11 8 (3.28%) Go
11 8 (3.28%) Perl
11 8 (3.28%) PowerShell
12 6 (2.46%) Groovy
13 5 (2.05%) Kotlin
13 5 (2.05%) Ruby
14 4 (1.64%) Apex Code
14 4 (1.64%) C
Qualifications
1 31 (12.70%) Cisco Certification
2 27 (11.07%) CCNP
3 25 (10.25%) SC Cleared
3 25 (10.25%) Security Cleared
4 16 (6.56%) CCNA
5 7 (2.87%) Degree
6 6 (2.46%) CISSP
7 4 (1.64%) AWS Certification
7 4 (1.64%) CCIE
7 4 (1.64%) ITIL Certification
8 3 (1.23%) CISM
8 3 (1.23%) Computer Science Degree
8 3 (1.23%) MCSE
8 3 (1.23%) Microsoft Certification
8 3 (1.23%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 2 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.82%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.82%) GIAC
9 2 (0.82%) RHCE
10 1 (0.41%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (5.33%) SLA
2 5 (2.05%) Accessibility
3 4 (1.64%) QA
3 4 (1.64%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 3 (1.23%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.82%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.82%) WCAG
6 1 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 34 (13.93%) VMware Infrastructure
2 26 (10.66%) Docker
3 25 (10.25%) Active Directory
4 12 (4.92%) RACF
5 7 (2.87%) Postfix
5 7 (2.87%) qmail
5 7 (2.87%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (1.64%) HDFS
6 4 (1.64%) NFS
6 4 (1.64%) Xen
7 3 (1.23%) Firmware
7 3 (1.23%) KVM
7 3 (1.23%) ProxySG
7 3 (1.23%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (1.23%) VMware NSX
8 2 (0.82%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.82%) Samba
8 2 (0.82%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.82%) vSphere
9 1 (0.41%) Terminal Server
Systems Management
1 35 (14.34%) Kubernetes
2 22 (9.02%) Terraform
3 21 (8.61%) Ansible
4 20 (8.20%) Single Sign-On
5 15 (6.15%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (4.10%) Puppet
7 8 (3.28%) FortiGate
7 8 (3.28%) HP NNM
8 7 (2.87%) Oozie
9 5 (2.05%) CA Wily
10 4 (1.64%) Ambari
10 4 (1.64%) Docker Swarm
10 4 (1.64%) Hadoop YARN
10 4 (1.64%) Nagios
11 3 (1.23%) PingFederate
11 3 (1.23%) ZABBIX
12 2 (0.82%) Cisco Prime
12 2 (0.82%) Prometheus
12 2 (0.82%) SolarWinds Orion
12 2 (0.82%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 47 (19.26%) Cisco
1 47 (19.26%) Microsoft
2 37 (15.16%) VMware
3 34 (13.93%) Oracle
4 28 (11.48%) F5
5 26 (10.66%) Juniper
6 25 (10.25%) IBM
7 18 (7.38%) CheckPoint
8 17 (6.97%) Google
9 14 (5.74%) Palo Alto
10 12 (4.92%) Red Hat
11 11 (4.51%) Salesforce.com
12 10 (4.10%) Blue Coat
13 9 (3.69%) Dynatrace
14 8 (3.28%) HP
14 8 (3.28%) Meraki
14 8 (3.28%) New Relic
14 8 (3.28%) ServiceNow
15 7 (2.87%) Citrix
15 7 (2.87%) Fortinet