Period
to 17 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 17 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK > England
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 408 325 455
Rank change year-on-year -83 +130 -96
Contract jobs citing SSL 334 171 382
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.53% 0.65% 0.47%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 4.63% 4.74% 3.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 196 113 250
10th Percentile £325 £321 £360
25th Percentile £413 £404 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% - -
75th Percentile £600 £600 £600
90th Percentile £681 £672 £675
UK median daily rate £521 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +4.25% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 3 11
10th Percentile £15.50 " £21.25
25th Percentile £21.69 " "
Median hourly rate £39.50 £40.00 £25.12
Median % change year-on-year -1.25% +59.24% +9.22%
75th Percentile £51.50 " £51.88
90th Percentile £55.50 " £58.75
UK median hourly rate £39.50 £40.00 £25.12
% change year-on-year -1.25% +59.24% +9.22%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 7,220 3,606 10,705
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.37% 13.69% 13.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,659 2,287 6,725
10th Percentile £230 £204 £200
25th Percentile £356 £325 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £470 £438 £425
Median % change year-on-year +7.43% +2.94% -
75th Percentile £575 £538 £525
90th Percentile £656 £630 £613
UK median daily rate £475 £432 £425
% change year-on-year +9.94% +1.66% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 346 168 505
10th Percentile £12.00 £13.70 £12.50
25th Percentile £14.31 £17.69 £15.50
Median hourly rate £22.00 £31.75 £23.75
Median % change year-on-year -30.71% +33.68% +18.75%
75th Percentile £48.75 £47.25 £46.40
90th Percentile £65.00 £54.13 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £31.75 £23.75
% change year-on-year -29.13% +33.68% +25.00%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SSL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in England

SSL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SSL in England.

Daily rate trend for SSL in England

SSL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SSL in England over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SSL in England

SSL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SSL in England.

Hourly rate trend for SSL in England

SSL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SSL in England over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for SSL in England

SSL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the England region over the 6 months to 17 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -97 187 £529 -1.86% 36
North of England -60 43 £500 +5.26% 11
North West -31 31 £500 +42.86% 3
South East -81 27 £475 +26.67% 12
Midlands -49 25 £400 - 13
South West -32 22 £438 +56.95% 7
West Midlands -43 17 £458 +14.38% 5
North East -10 8 £575 +45.94% 2
East Midlands -32 8 £400 - 8
East of England -43 7 £300 -48.94% 3
Yorkshire -61 4 £477 -4.64% 6
SSL
UK

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SSL.

1 132 (39.52%) Linux
2 114 (34.13%) DevOps
3 110 (32.93%) Firewall
4 101 (30.24%) Agile Software Development
5 88 (26.35%) TCP/IP
6 87 (26.05%) AWS
7 82 (24.55%) DNS
8 80 (23.95%) Windows
8 80 (23.95%) SQL
8 80 (23.95%) Azure
9 72 (21.56%) Java
10 70 (20.96%) VPN
11 67 (20.06%) Social Skills
12 66 (19.76%) Microsoft
13 61 (18.26%) VMware
14 60 (17.96%) IPsec
15 59 (17.66%) Finance
15 59 (17.66%) Active Directory
16 56 (16.77%) HTTP
16 56 (16.77%) Terraform
16 56 (16.77%) Kubernetes
17 55 (16.47%) Python
18 53 (15.87%) Oracle
19 52 (15.57%) Ansible
20 51 (15.27%) Banking
21 50 (14.97%) Scrum
22 48 (14.37%) Apache
23 44 (13.17%) Continuous Integration
23 44 (13.17%) Jenkins
24 43 (12.87%) Security Cleared

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (14.37%) Apache
2 37 (11.08%) Tomcat
3 30 (8.98%) WebSphere
4 26 (7.78%) IIS
4 26 (7.78%) nginx
5 15 (4.49%) WebSphere Application Server
6 14 (4.19%) Confluence
7 10 (2.99%) OpenStack
7 10 (2.99%) WebLogic
8 8 (2.40%) Apache Spark
9 6 (1.80%) IBM Notes
10 5 (1.50%) MS Exchange
10 5 (1.50%) SharePoint
11 4 (1.20%) CMS
11 4 (1.20%) Jetty
11 4 (1.20%) Mongrel
12 3 (0.90%) Documentum
12 3 (0.90%) IBM HTTP Server
12 3 (0.90%) JBoss
12 3 (0.90%) WebLogic Portal
Applications
1 19 (5.69%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (4.19%) MS Visio
3 8 (2.40%) Microsoft Excel
4 7 (2.10%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (1.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (1.50%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (0.90%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.60%) Magento
3 1 (0.30%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.30%) Loan IQ
3 1 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.30%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 87 (26.05%) AWS
2 80 (23.95%) Azure
3 40 (11.98%) IaaS
4 32 (9.58%) PaaS
5 28 (8.38%) Microsoft 365
6 23 (6.89%) Amazon S3
6 23 (6.89%) GCP
7 21 (6.29%) Amazon EC2
8 19 (5.69%) Route 53
8 19 (5.69%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 18 (5.39%) GitHub
9 18 (5.39%) SaaS
10 17 (5.09%) Serverless
11 14 (4.19%) Apigee
12 11 (3.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 11 (3.29%) Azure App Service
12 11 (3.29%) Azure Storage
13 9 (2.69%) Azure Active Directory
14 8 (2.40%) AWS CloudTrail
14 8 (2.40%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 110 (32.93%) Firewall
2 88 (26.35%) TCP/IP
3 82 (24.55%) DNS
4 70 (20.96%) VPN
5 60 (17.96%) IPsec
6 56 (16.77%) HTTP
7 32 (9.58%) WAN
8 31 (9.28%) Kerberos
9 27 (8.08%) DHCP
10 25 (7.49%) LAN
11 24 (7.19%) Cisco ASA
11 24 (7.19%) Internet
12 22 (6.59%) SSH
13 20 (5.99%) VLAN
14 18 (5.39%) Network Security
15 17 (5.09%) HTTPS
16 16 (4.79%) FTP
17 15 (4.49%) OSPF
18 13 (3.89%) SMTP
19 12 (3.59%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (8.68%) Redis
2 28 (8.38%) Hazelcast
3 22 (6.59%) Amazon RDS
4 19 (5.69%) MySQL
5 16 (4.79%) SQL Server
6 10 (2.99%) Oracle Database
7 8 (2.40%) Hadoop
7 8 (2.40%) MongoDB
8 7 (2.10%) Relational Database
9 6 (1.80%) Apache Hive
9 6 (1.80%) HBase
9 6 (1.80%) PostgreSQL
9 6 (1.80%) RDBMS
10 5 (1.50%) NoSQL
11 4 (1.20%) Bigtable
11 4 (1.20%) Couchbase
11 4 (1.20%) Oracle BI EE
11 4 (1.20%) Oracle ODI
11 4 (1.20%) Sqoop
12 3 (0.90%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 44 (13.17%) Jenkins
2 37 (11.08%) Git (software)
3 24 (7.19%) JIRA
4 15 (4.49%) Sonatype Nexus
5 11 (3.29%) IBM UrbanCode
5 11 (3.29%) SonarQube
6 8 (2.40%) Selenium
7 7 (2.10%) Bitbucket
7 7 (2.10%) Cucumber
7 7 (2.10%) fastlane
7 7 (2.10%) Flyway
7 7 (2.10%) Gradle
8 6 (1.80%) Gatling
8 6 (1.80%) JUnit
8 6 (1.80%) Pa11y
9 5 (1.50%) GitLab
10 4 (1.20%) Artifactory
10 4 (1.20%) SoapUI
10 4 (1.20%) Subversion
10 4 (1.20%) Travis CI
General
1 67 (20.06%) Social Skills
2 59 (17.66%) Finance
3 51 (15.27%) Banking
4 30 (8.98%) Investment Banking
5 21 (6.29%) Public Sector
6 17 (5.09%) Analytical Skills
6 17 (5.09%) Front Office
7 13 (3.89%) Presentation Skills
8 11 (3.29%) Telecoms
9 8 (2.40%) Games
10 7 (2.10%) Organisational Skills
11 6 (1.80%) Influencing Skills
12 4 (1.20%) Retail Banking
13 3 (0.90%) Automotive
13 3 (0.90%) Documentation Skills
13 3 (0.90%) Retail
14 2 (0.60%) Marketing
15 1 (0.30%) Legal
15 1 (0.30%) Local Government
15 1 (0.30%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 50 (14.97%) Developer
2 44 (13.17%) DevOps Engineer
3 41 (12.28%) Architect
4 30 (8.98%) Java Developer
5 28 (8.38%) Senior Developer
5 28 (8.38%) Senior Java Developer
6 25 (7.49%) Security Engineer
7 21 (6.29%) Network Engineer
8 20 (5.99%) Consultant
9 14 (4.19%) Administrator
9 14 (4.19%) AWS Engineer
10 13 (3.89%) Cloud Engineer
10 13 (3.89%) Technical Architect
11 12 (3.59%) AWS DevOps
11 12 (3.59%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 12 (3.59%) Azure Engineer
11 12 (3.59%) Investment Banking Java Developer
11 12 (3.59%) Senior Investment Banking Java Developer
11 12 (3.59%) Solutions Architect
12 11 (3.29%) Azure DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (11.08%) LDAP
1 37 (11.08%) SAML
2 36 (10.78%) OAuth
3 33 (9.88%) RESTful
4 31 (9.28%) Spring
4 31 (9.28%) Spring Boot
5 28 (8.38%) Memcached
6 26 (7.78%) Kafka
6 26 (7.78%) OAuth2
6 26 (7.78%) Web Services
7 23 (6.89%) XML
8 22 (6.59%) JSON
8 22 (6.59%) REST
9 21 (6.29%) OpenID
10 20 (5.99%) Node.js
11 18 (5.39%) HTML
11 18 (5.39%) SOAP
12 16 (4.79%) Middleware
13 15 (4.49%) SPNEGO
14 13 (3.89%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 32 (9.58%) PKI
2 30 (8.98%) Algorithms
3 29 (8.68%) Data Centre
4 28 (8.38%) Data Structures
4 28 (8.38%) Derivative
4 28 (8.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 20 (5.99%) Clustering
6 15 (4.49%) Linux Command Line
6 15 (4.49%) Mobile App
7 14 (4.19%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 13 (3.89%) Fixed Income
9 12 (3.59%) Public Cloud
10 6 (1.80%) Management Information System
11 5 (1.50%) Enterprise Software
11 5 (1.50%) Greenfield Project
11 5 (1.50%) Self-Motivation
11 5 (1.50%) Wiki
12 4 (1.20%) DataPower
12 4 (1.20%) Driving Licence
12 4 (1.20%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 132 (39.52%) Linux
2 80 (23.95%) Windows
3 43 (12.87%) Unix
4 30 (8.98%) Windows Server
5 15 (4.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 10 (2.99%) Android
6 10 (2.99%) Windows Server 2008
7 9 (2.69%) Windows 10
7 9 (2.69%) Windows Server 2012
7 9 (2.69%) Windows Server 2016
8 8 (2.40%) zOS
9 7 (2.10%) Solaris
10 6 (1.80%) AIX
10 6 (1.80%) Windows Phone
10 6 (1.80%) Windows Server 2019
11 4 (1.20%) Apple iOS
11 4 (1.20%) CentOS
11 4 (1.20%) Debian
11 4 (1.20%) Ubuntu
11 4 (1.20%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 114 (34.13%) DevOps
2 101 (30.24%) Agile Software Development
3 50 (14.97%) Scrum
4 44 (13.17%) Continuous Integration
5 40 (11.98%) Performance Tuning
6 37 (11.08%) Cybersecurity
7 36 (10.78%) Load Balancing
8 34 (10.18%) ITIL
9 32 (9.58%) Infrastructure as Code
10 31 (9.28%) API Development
11 30 (8.98%) API Design
12 29 (8.68%) Multithreading
12 29 (8.68%) Problem-Solving
13 28 (8.38%) Functional Programming
14 26 (7.78%) Migration
15 25 (7.49%) Microservices
15 25 (7.49%) Open Source
16 24 (7.19%) Test Automation
17 22 (6.59%) Continuous Delivery
17 22 (6.59%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 80 (23.95%) SQL
2 72 (21.56%) Java
3 55 (16.47%) Python
4 38 (11.38%) Scala
5 31 (9.28%) Java 8
6 29 (8.68%) PowerShell
7 28 (8.38%) Bash Shell
7 28 (8.38%) Haskell
7 28 (8.38%) PL/SQL
8 25 (7.49%) Shell Script
9 20 (5.99%) JavaScript
10 10 (2.99%) Groovy
11 8 (2.40%) Ruby
12 5 (1.50%) C#
12 5 (1.50%) Kotlin
12 5 (1.50%) VBScript
13 4 (1.20%) Perl
13 4 (1.20%) PHP
14 3 (0.90%) Jython
14 3 (0.90%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 43 (12.87%) Security Cleared
2 36 (10.78%) SC Cleared
3 30 (8.98%) Cisco Certification
4 23 (6.89%) CCNA
5 19 (5.69%) CCNP
6 15 (4.49%) Degree
7 9 (2.69%) BPSS Clearance
8 8 (2.40%) CISSP
9 7 (2.10%) ITIL Certification
10 6 (1.80%) CEH
10 6 (1.80%) GIAC
10 6 (1.80%) MCP
11 5 (1.50%) CCIE
11 5 (1.50%) CISA
11 5 (1.50%) DV Cleared
11 5 (1.50%) RHCE
12 4 (1.20%) AWS Certification
12 4 (1.20%) CCSA
12 4 (1.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 4 (1.20%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (5.09%) QA
2 8 (2.40%) SLA
3 7 (2.10%) Accessibility
3 7 (2.10%) PCI DSS
4 6 (1.80%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 6 (1.80%) WCAG
5 4 (1.20%) GDPR
5 4 (1.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (1.20%) NCSC
6 3 (0.90%) NIST
7 2 (0.60%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.60%) HIPAA
System Software
1 59 (17.66%) Active Directory
2 41 (12.28%) Docker
3 36 (10.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (4.19%) Virtual Machines
5 13 (3.89%) RACF
6 9 (2.69%) vCloud
7 7 (2.10%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 7 (2.10%) Virtual Servers
7 7 (2.10%) VMware NSX
8 6 (1.80%) NFS
9 4 (1.20%) HDFS
9 4 (1.20%) ProxySG
9 4 (1.20%) VMware ESXi
9 4 (1.20%) VMware Workstation
9 4 (1.20%) Xen
10 3 (0.90%) KVM
11 2 (0.60%) IAG
11 2 (0.60%) LXC
11 2 (0.60%) OpenDJ
12 1 (0.30%) Snort
Systems Management
1 56 (16.77%) Kubernetes
1 56 (16.77%) Terraform
2 52 (15.57%) Ansible
3 32 (9.58%) Single Sign-On
4 17 (5.09%) Opscode Chef
5 15 (4.49%) Active Directory Federation Services
6 12 (3.59%) Puppet
7 10 (2.99%) FortiGate
7 10 (2.99%) Grafana
8 9 (2.69%) Docker Swarm
8 9 (2.69%) Kibana
8 9 (2.69%) Nagios
9 8 (2.40%) ZABBIX
10 7 (2.10%) CA Single Sign-On
11 6 (1.80%) Istio
11 6 (1.80%) Oozie
11 6 (1.80%) Prometheus
12 5 (1.50%) CA Wily
12 5 (1.50%) HAProxy
13 4 (1.20%) Ambari
Vendors
1 66 (19.76%) Microsoft
2 61 (18.26%) VMware
3 53 (15.87%) Oracle
4 38 (11.38%) Cisco
5 37 (11.08%) F5
6 35 (10.48%) IBM
7 27 (8.08%) Google
8 26 (7.78%) Palo Alto
9 25 (7.49%) Red Hat
10 23 (6.89%) CheckPoint
11 18 (5.39%) CA
11 18 (5.39%) Citrix
12 17 (5.09%) Juniper
13 15 (4.49%) ServiceNow
14 11 (3.29%) HP
14 11 (3.29%) NetApp
14 11 (3.29%) Splunk
15 9 (2.69%) AppDynamics
16 8 (2.40%) BMC
16 8 (2.40%) Dynatrace