Period
to 28 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 28 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK > England
6 months to
28 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 482 393 438
Rank change year-on-year -89 +45 -92
Contract jobs citing SSL 292 159 313
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.42% 0.46% 0.48%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 3.75% 3.71% 3.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 177 107 201
10th Percentile £373 £265 £358
25th Percentile £438 £375 £403
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £450 £500
Median % change year-on-year +22.22% -10.00% -0.50%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £675
90th Percentile £750 £645 £725
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -0.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 3 5
10th Percentile - - £19.78
25th Percentile £15.75 - £21.25
Median hourly rate £16.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median % change year-on-year -58.75% - +39.13%
75th Percentile £17.25 - £50.00
90th Percentile - - £55.25
UK median hourly rate £16.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -58.75% - +39.13%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 7,786 4,291 8,919
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.15% 12.29% 13.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,175 2,728 5,571
10th Percentile £205 £200 £183
25th Percentile £363 £320 £306
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £429 £413
Median % change year-on-year +16.69% +3.88% -2.94%
75th Percentile £600 £525 £516
90th Percentile £700 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £440 £413
% change year-on-year +13.64% +6.67% -2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 300 220 470
10th Percentile £12.73 £12.94 £13.25
25th Percentile £15.62 £16.01 £15.31
Median hourly rate £21.50 £32.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -33.85% +54.76% +16.67%
75th Percentile £46.12 £50.00 £46.40
90th Percentile £63.05 £58.00 £53.00
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £34.98 £21.25
% change year-on-year -37.10% +64.59% +18.06%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SSL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in England

SSL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SSL in England.

Daily rate trend for SSL in England

SSL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SSL in England over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for SSL in England

SSL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SSL in England.

Hourly rate trend for SSL in England

SSL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the England region over the 6 months to 28 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -82 155 £621 +17.11% 39
South East -75 33 £475 +5.56% 9
South West -45 25 £450 +5.88% 4
Midlands -55 21 £400 - 11
North of England -58 20 £500 +26.90% 16
North West -32 15 £500 +66.67% 5
West Midlands -50 12 £456 +14.06% 6
East Midlands -22 9 £400 +6.67% 5
Yorkshire -41 5 £463 +16.72% 10
East of England -47 5 £400 -25.58% 1
SSL
UK

For the 6 months to 28 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for SSL.

1 108 (36.99%) Linux
2 102 (34.93%) Firewall
3 94 (32.19%) Windows
4 93 (31.85%) DevOps
5 92 (31.51%) DNS
6 84 (28.77%) VPN
7 81 (27.74%) Azure
8 76 (26.03%) Kubernetes
9 73 (25.00%) Active Directory
10 66 (22.60%) Microsoft
11 65 (22.26%) IPsec
12 62 (21.23%) CI/CD
13 60 (20.55%) Social Skills
13 60 (20.55%) VMware
13 60 (20.55%) PKI
14 59 (20.21%) PaaS
15 56 (19.18%) SQL
16 55 (18.84%) AWS
16 55 (18.84%) Load Balancing
17 53 (18.15%) TCP/IP
18 52 (17.81%) Ansible
18 52 (17.81%) Docker
19 51 (17.47%) PowerShell
19 51 (17.47%) OAuth
20 50 (17.12%) Terraform
21 48 (16.44%) Agile Software Development
21 48 (16.44%) Python
22 44 (15.07%) Cisco
22 44 (15.07%) Windows Server
23 42 (14.38%) Key Management

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (13.01%) OpenStack
2 36 (12.33%) nginx
3 35 (11.99%) Apache
4 20 (6.85%) IIS
5 18 (6.16%) Confluence
6 17 (5.82%) Tomcat
7 14 (4.79%) WebSphere
8 11 (3.77%) SharePoint
8 11 (3.77%) WebSphere Application Server
9 9 (3.08%) Elasticsearch
10 7 (2.40%) IBM HTTP Server
10 7 (2.40%) WebLogic
11 6 (2.05%) CMS
11 6 (2.05%) JBoss
12 5 (1.71%) Cloud Foundry
12 5 (1.71%) Drupal
12 5 (1.71%) IBM Notes
13 4 (1.37%) GlassFish
14 3 (1.03%) BizTalk Server
14 3 (1.03%) Documentum
Applications
1 13 (4.45%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (3.08%) MS Visio
3 6 (2.05%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 9 (3.08%) RMDS
2 4 (1.37%) Shopify
3 1 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.34%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.34%) Maximo
3 1 (0.34%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 81 (27.74%) Azure
2 59 (20.21%) PaaS
3 55 (18.84%) AWS
4 40 (13.70%) IaaS
5 34 (11.64%) Microsoft 365
6 32 (10.96%) SaaS
7 19 (6.51%) Azure Active Directory
8 16 (5.48%) Azure App Service
8 16 (5.48%) Azure Monitor
9 12 (4.11%) Amazon S3
9 12 (4.11%) GCP
9 12 (4.11%) GitHub
10 11 (3.77%) OpenShift
11 10 (3.42%) Amazon EC2
11 10 (3.42%) Azure Pipelines
11 10 (3.42%) Azure Storage
11 10 (3.42%) SonarCloud
12 9 (3.08%) Azure Service Bus
12 9 (3.08%) Route 53
12 9 (3.08%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 102 (34.93%) Firewall
2 92 (31.51%) DNS
3 84 (28.77%) VPN
4 65 (22.26%) IPsec
5 53 (18.15%) TCP/IP
6 32 (10.96%) WAN
7 28 (9.59%) Kerberos
8 25 (8.56%) LAN
9 22 (7.53%) HTTP
10 21 (7.19%) Internet
11 20 (6.85%) BGP
11 20 (6.85%) IKE
11 20 (6.85%) Network Security
12 18 (6.16%) DHCP
13 17 (5.82%) OSPF
14 16 (5.48%) SAN
15 15 (5.14%) Cisco Nexus
16 13 (4.45%) Cisco ASA
16 13 (4.45%) HTTPS
16 13 (4.45%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (9.93%) MySQL
2 27 (9.25%) MongoDB
3 22 (7.53%) Couchbase
3 22 (7.53%) SQL Server
4 19 (6.51%) PostgreSQL
5 16 (5.48%) Oracle Database
6 15 (5.14%) Hadoop
6 15 (5.14%) NoSQL
7 11 (3.77%) Amazon RDS
8 10 (3.42%) Oracle BI EE
8 10 (3.42%) Oracle ODI
9 9 (3.08%) Redis
10 7 (2.40%) Power BI
11 5 (1.71%) Azure SQL Database
12 4 (1.37%) Bigtable
13 3 (1.03%) MariaDB
13 3 (1.03%) RDBMS
13 3 (1.03%) Relational Database
14 2 (0.68%) Apache Cassandra
14 2 (0.68%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 34 (11.64%) Git (software)
2 25 (8.56%) Jenkins
3 23 (7.88%) JIRA
4 20 (6.85%) Sonatype Nexus
5 14 (4.79%) Bitbucket
6 12 (4.11%) Artifactory
7 11 (3.77%) SonarQube
8 7 (2.40%) GitLab
9 4 (1.37%) SoapUI
9 4 (1.37%) Subversion
9 4 (1.37%) VSS/SourceSafe
10 3 (1.03%) Eclipse
10 3 (1.03%) Maven
10 3 (1.03%) TeamCity
11 2 (0.68%) Cucumber
11 2 (0.68%) JMeter
11 2 (0.68%) Selenium
12 1 (0.34%) ERwin
12 1 (0.34%) WebSphere Studio Application Developer
12 1 (0.34%) Xcode
General
1 60 (20.55%) Social Skills
2 33 (11.30%) Finance
3 26 (8.90%) Telecoms
4 24 (8.22%) Games
5 16 (5.48%) Banking
6 15 (5.14%) Analytical Skills
7 11 (3.77%) Presentation Skills
8 9 (3.08%) Public Sector
9 7 (2.40%) Retail
10 4 (1.37%) Investment Banking
10 4 (1.37%) Military
10 4 (1.37%) Organisational Skills
10 4 (1.37%) Publishing
11 3 (1.03%) Japanese Language
11 3 (1.03%) Spanish Language
12 2 (0.68%) Documentation Skills
12 2 (0.68%) French Language
12 2 (0.68%) Front Office
12 2 (0.68%) German Language
12 2 (0.68%) Legal
Job Titles
1 45 (15.41%) Architect
2 37 (12.67%) Security Engineer
3 32 (10.96%) DevOps Engineer
4 28 (9.59%) Administrator
4 28 (9.59%) Developer
5 23 (7.88%) Security Architect
6 20 (6.85%) Network Engineer
7 16 (5.48%) Lead Architect
8 15 (5.14%) Analyst
8 15 (5.14%) Design Engineer
9 14 (4.79%) Lead Security Architect
10 13 (4.45%) Azure DevOps
10 13 (4.45%) Consultant
10 13 (4.45%) Systems Engineer
11 12 (4.11%) Azure Engineer
12 11 (3.77%) Cloud Engineer
13 10 (3.42%) Active Directory Engineer
13 10 (3.42%) Solutions Architect
13 10 (3.42%) Systems Administrator
14 9 (3.08%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (17.47%) OAuth
2 28 (9.59%) LDAP
3 25 (8.56%) OAuth2
3 25 (8.56%) SAML
4 22 (7.53%) Middleware
5 21 (7.19%) JSON
5 21 (7.19%) RabbitMQ
6 19 (6.51%) JWT
7 17 (5.82%) Kafka
8 16 (5.48%) HTML
9 14 (4.79%) gRPC
9 14 (4.79%) JDBC
10 13 (4.45%) YAML
11 11 (3.77%) LAMP
11 11 (3.77%) RESTful
11 11 (3.77%) SOAP
11 11 (3.77%) SPNEGO
12 10 (3.42%) CSS
12 10 (3.42%) Elastic Stack
13 9 (3.08%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 60 (20.55%) PKI
2 27 (9.25%) Data Centre
3 20 (6.85%) Private Cloud
4 14 (4.79%) Linux Command Line
5 12 (4.11%) Public Cloud
6 11 (3.77%) Clustering
7 8 (2.74%) Greenfield Project
8 7 (2.40%) Management Information System
8 7 (2.40%) User Experience
9 4 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (1.37%) Fixed Income
9 4 (1.37%) Mobile App
10 3 (1.03%) Cloud Native
10 3 (1.03%) CMDB
10 3 (1.03%) Data Protection Act
10 3 (1.03%) Digital Media
10 3 (1.03%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 3 (1.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 3 (1.03%) Virtual Team
11 2 (0.68%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 108 (36.99%) Linux
2 94 (32.19%) Windows
3 44 (15.07%) Windows Server
4 41 (14.04%) Unix
5 20 (6.85%) Windows Server 2008
6 19 (6.51%) Windows Server 2012
7 15 (5.14%) Debian
8 13 (4.45%) Ubuntu
9 12 (4.11%) CentOS
10 9 (3.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 7 (2.40%) Android
11 7 (2.40%) Windows 10
12 6 (2.05%) AIX
12 6 (2.05%) Solaris
12 6 (2.05%) Windows Server 2016
13 5 (1.71%) Apple iOS
13 5 (1.71%) VMS
13 5 (1.71%) Windows Phone
14 3 (1.03%) Windows Server 2019
14 3 (1.03%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 93 (31.85%) DevOps
2 62 (21.23%) CI/CD
3 55 (18.84%) Load Balancing
4 48 (16.44%) Agile Software Development
5 42 (14.38%) Key Management
6 40 (13.70%) Cybersecurity
7 37 (12.67%) Problem-Solving
8 31 (10.62%) Application Security
8 31 (10.62%) Continuous Integration
9 30 (10.27%) ITIL
10 28 (9.59%) Vulnerability Management
11 26 (8.90%) Migration
12 25 (8.56%) Identity Access Management
13 24 (8.22%) Data Loss Prevention
13 24 (8.22%) Infrastructure as Code
13 24 (8.22%) Test Automation
14 23 (7.88%) SDLC
15 20 (6.85%) Password Management
15 20 (6.85%) Zero Trust
16 19 (6.51%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 56 (19.18%) SQL
2 51 (17.47%) PowerShell
3 48 (16.44%) Python
4 33 (11.30%) Java
5 28 (9.59%) Bash
6 16 (5.48%) JavaScript
7 14 (4.79%) C#
8 13 (4.45%) Shell Script
9 5 (1.71%) Java 8
9 5 (1.71%) Ruby
10 4 (1.37%) Perl
11 3 (1.03%) Groovy
12 2 (0.68%) C
12 2 (0.68%) Haskell
12 2 (0.68%) PL/SQL
12 2 (0.68%) Scala
13 1 (0.34%) C++
13 1 (0.34%) COBOL
13 1 (0.34%) PHP
13 1 (0.34%) VBA
Qualifications
1 35 (11.99%) Security Cleared
2 33 (11.30%) Cisco Certification
3 25 (8.56%) SC Cleared
4 19 (6.51%) Degree
5 17 (5.82%) CCNA
6 12 (4.11%) CCNP
7 7 (2.40%) MCP
7 7 (2.40%) Microsoft Certification
8 6 (2.05%) BPSS Clearance
9 5 (1.71%) CCIE
9 5 (1.71%) CCIE Security
9 5 (1.71%) CEH
9 5 (1.71%) CISSP
9 5 (1.71%) GIAC
9 5 (1.71%) MCTS
10 4 (1.37%) CISA
10 4 (1.37%) OSCP
10 4 (1.37%) RHCE
11 3 (1.03%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 3 (1.03%) OSCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (5.48%) QA
2 6 (2.05%) GDPR
2 6 (2.05%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 6 (2.05%) NIST
3 5 (1.71%) PCI DSS
3 5 (1.71%) SLA
4 4 (1.37%) Accessibility
5 3 (1.03%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.34%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.34%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.34%) NCSC
System Software
1 73 (25.00%) Active Directory
2 52 (17.81%) Docker
3 34 (11.64%) vCloud
4 20 (6.85%) VMware Workstation
5 16 (5.48%) Virtual Machines
5 16 (5.48%) VMware Infrastructure
6 11 (3.77%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 4 (1.37%) ProxySG
7 4 (1.37%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (1.03%) Varnish
8 3 (1.03%) VMware NSX
8 3 (1.03%) XenDesktop
9 2 (0.68%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.68%) IAG
9 2 (0.68%) NFS
9 2 (0.68%) vSphere
10 1 (0.34%) RACF
10 1 (0.34%) Samba
10 1 (0.34%) Terminal Services
10 1 (0.34%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 76 (26.03%) Kubernetes
2 52 (17.81%) Ansible
3 50 (17.12%) Terraform
4 20 (6.85%) Active Directory Federation Services
5 18 (6.16%) Grafana
5 18 (6.16%) Puppet
6 17 (5.82%) Consul
6 17 (5.82%) Single Sign-On
7 16 (5.48%) HAProxy
7 16 (5.48%) Opscode Chef
8 15 (5.14%) BladeLogic
8 15 (5.14%) ITRS Geneos
8 15 (5.14%) ZABBIX
9 14 (4.79%) Fluentd
9 14 (4.79%) Prometheus
10 8 (2.74%) SCCM
11 6 (2.05%) Nagios
12 5 (1.71%) Istio
12 5 (1.71%) Microsoft Intune
13 4 (1.37%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 66 (22.60%) Microsoft
2 60 (20.55%) VMware
3 44 (15.07%) Cisco
4 38 (13.01%) Oracle
5 37 (12.67%) CA
6 29 (9.93%) F5
7 26 (8.90%) Splunk
8 24 (8.22%) Red Hat
9 23 (7.88%) IBM
10 21 (7.19%) Juniper
11 18 (6.16%) Palo Alto
11 18 (6.16%) Sonatype
12 15 (5.14%) CyberArk
13 14 (4.79%) HP
14 13 (4.45%) NetApp
15 12 (4.11%) Google
16 11 (3.77%) Aruba
17 10 (3.42%) CheckPoint
17 10 (3.42%) Citrix
18 9 (3.08%) Radianz