Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 35 42 72
Rank change year-on-year +7 +30 +17
Contract jobs citing Terraform 5,104 2,157 2,284
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.88% 5.17% 3.14%
As % of the Systems Management category 36.14% 30.64% 21.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,807 1,688 1,661
10th Percentile £462 £400 £438
25th Percentile £513 £463 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £575
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% -8.70% +4.55%
75th Percentile £675 £600 £650
90th Percentile £738 £675 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 11 2
10th Percentile £51.25 £21.29 £26.28
25th Percentile £56.38 £39.13 £29.69
Median hourly rate £66.50 £40.00 £36.25
Median % change year-on-year +66.25% +10.34% -59.72%
75th Percentile £81.25 £44.00 £43.69
90th Percentile £82.88 £48.75 £47.63
UK excluding London median hourly rate £73.75 £39.50 £36.25
% change year-on-year +86.71% +8.97% -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 14,121 7,040 10,710
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.27% 16.87% 14.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,167 4,961 7,372
10th Percentile £363 £313 £263
25th Percentile £463 £406 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £575 £588
90th Percentile £713 £650 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £495 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 181 159 281
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.50 £12.75
25th Percentile £15.50 £16.02 £14.13
Median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year -20.00% +38.89% +2.86%
75th Percentile £46.50 £53.00 £28.75
90th Percentile £63.75 £63.50 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.50 £23.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -19.57% +31.43% -

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +11 4,020 £575 +9.52% 1,056
London +13 2,656 £600 +14.29% 604
Work from Home -3 1,765 £575 +9.52% 239
UK excluding London -3 1,095 £550 +10.00% 514
North of England +4 341 £544 +8.80% 150
South East -1 262 £575 +15.00% 96
North West -1 189 £550 +8.64% 86
South West -15 125 £538 +16.22% 48
Midlands +21 120 £550 +22.22% 77
Yorkshire +11 114 £525 +14.50% 47
East of England +3 104 £600 +29.73% 65
West Midlands +23 99 £550 +22.22% 59
Scotland -12 93 £550 +12.82% 51
Wales -9 50 £550 +10.00% 24
North East +7 42 £525 +0.96% 17
East Midlands -22 15 £515 +24.85% 16
Northern Ireland -1 5 £495 - 3

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 3,386 (66.34%) DevOps
2 2,825 (55.35%) AWS
3 2,557 (50.10%) CI/CD
4 2,364 (46.32%) Kubernetes
5 2,081 (40.77%) Azure
6 1,935 (37.91%) Docker
7 1,646 (32.25%) Python
8 1,583 (31.01%) Infrastructure as Code
9 1,558 (30.53%) Agile Software Development
10 1,554 (30.45%) Ansible
11 1,379 (27.02%) Jenkins
12 1,281 (25.10%) Linux
13 967 (18.95%) GCP
14 919 (18.01%) Java
15 915 (17.93%) Finance
16 791 (15.50%) Serverless
17 730 (14.30%) AWS CloudFormation
18 725 (14.20%) PowerShell
19 713 (13.97%) Git (software)
20 705 (13.81%) Microservices
21 692 (13.56%) JavaScript
22 679 (13.30%) Bash
23 616 (12.07%) GitHub
24 611 (11.97%) Security Cleared
25 602 (11.79%) GitLab
26 593 (11.62%) Microsoft
27 565 (11.07%) Software Engineering
28 544 (10.66%) Social Skills
29 522 (10.23%) SQL
30 520 (10.19%) Windows

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 178 (3.49%) Confluence
2 165 (3.23%) Elasticsearch
3 156 (3.06%) Apache Spark
4 134 (2.63%) Apache
5 126 (2.47%) nginx
6 95 (1.86%) Apache Airflow
7 50 (0.98%) OpenStack
8 41 (0.80%) IIS
9 38 (0.74%) Tomcat
10 30 (0.59%) SharePoint
11 28 (0.55%) WebLogic
12 24 (0.47%) Jupyter
13 21 (0.41%) Cloud Foundry
14 18 (0.35%) JBoss
14 18 (0.35%) Traefik
14 18 (0.35%) WebSphere
15 13 (0.25%) Appian
16 11 (0.22%) CMS
17 10 (0.20%) Apache Pulsar
17 10 (0.20%) OnBase
Applications
1 31 (0.61%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.059%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.039%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 37 (0.72%) Sentinel
2 14 (0.27%) TIBCO iProcess
3 12 (0.24%) Cloudability
3 12 (0.24%) Shopify
4 7 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.059%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.039%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.020%) JDE OneWorld
7 1 (0.020%) Magento
7 1 (0.020%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.020%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.020%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 2,825 (55.35%) AWS
2 2,081 (40.77%) Azure
3 967 (18.95%) GCP
4 791 (15.50%) Serverless
5 730 (14.30%) AWS CloudFormation
6 616 (12.07%) GitHub
7 515 (10.09%) AWS Lambda
8 462 (9.05%) PaaS
9 398 (7.80%) Amazon S3
10 350 (6.86%) IaaS
11 342 (6.70%) Amazon EC2
12 319 (6.25%) Amazon EKS
13 304 (5.96%) Amazon ECS
14 223 (4.37%) SaaS
15 220 (4.31%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 208 (4.08%) Amazon SQS
17 185 (3.62%) Azure Active Directory
18 160 (3.13%) GitHub Actions
19 150 (2.94%) AWS Step Functions
20 149 (2.92%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 203 (3.98%) DNS
2 192 (3.76%) Firewall
3 125 (2.45%) VPN
4 120 (2.35%) Network Security
5 83 (1.63%) TCP/IP
6 72 (1.41%) Internet
7 67 (1.31%) HTTP
8 56 (1.10%) BGP
8 56 (1.10%) WAN
9 55 (1.08%) SSL
10 37 (0.72%) Reverse Proxy
11 34 (0.67%) DHCP
12 30 (0.59%) LAN
13 23 (0.45%) SD-WAN
14 22 (0.43%) SAN
15 20 (0.39%) IPsec
15 20 (0.39%) OSPF
16 19 (0.37%) Kerberos
17 18 (0.35%) Software-Defined Networking
18 15 (0.29%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 286 (5.60%) Amazon RDS
2 269 (5.27%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 230 (4.51%) PostgreSQL
4 208 (4.08%) Big Data
5 181 (3.55%) NoSQL
6 171 (3.35%) MongoDB
7 159 (3.12%) MySQL
7 159 (3.12%) SQL Server
8 110 (2.16%) Data Lake
9 103 (2.02%) Amazon Redshift
10 100 (1.96%) Hadoop
11 96 (1.88%) BigQuery
12 86 (1.68%) Relational Database
13 68 (1.33%) Data Warehouse
14 62 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
14 62 (1.21%) Redis
15 50 (0.98%) Amazon Athena
16 44 (0.86%) Azure SQL Database
17 38 (0.74%) Power BI
18 33 (0.65%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,379 (27.02%) Jenkins
2 713 (13.97%) Git (software)
3 602 (11.79%) GitLab
4 339 (6.64%) JIRA
5 275 (5.39%) Maven
6 211 (4.13%) SonarQube
7 206 (4.04%) TeamCity
8 191 (3.74%) Sonatype Nexus
9 190 (3.72%) CircleCI
10 183 (3.59%) Gradle
11 166 (3.25%) Bitbucket
12 155 (3.04%) Artifactory
13 124 (2.43%) Terragrunt
14 87 (1.70%) Cucumber
15 85 (1.67%) Selenium
16 72 (1.41%) Spinnaker
17 66 (1.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 59 (1.16%) gulp
19 49 (0.96%) Travis CI
20 45 (0.88%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 915 (17.93%) Finance
2 544 (10.66%) Social Skills
3 421 (8.25%) Public Sector
4 206 (4.04%) Front Office
5 182 (3.57%) Banking
6 154 (3.02%) Retail
7 140 (2.74%) Analytical Skills
8 90 (1.76%) Financial Institution
9 81 (1.59%) Legal
10 62 (1.21%) Presentation Skills
11 58 (1.14%) Telecoms
12 47 (0.92%) Law
13 45 (0.88%) Manufacturing
14 42 (0.82%) Investment Banking
15 41 (0.80%) Documentation Skills
16 39 (0.76%) Marketing
17 37 (0.72%) Games
18 31 (0.61%) Electronics
19 26 (0.51%) Publishing
20 22 (0.43%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,778 (34.84%) DevOps Engineer
2 912 (17.87%) AWS Engineer
3 716 (14.03%) Developer
4 560 (10.97%) Azure Engineer
5 528 (10.34%) AWS DevOps
6 494 (9.68%) Architect
7 467 (9.15%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 449 (8.80%) Cloud Engineer
9 333 (6.52%) Platform Engineer
10 297 (5.82%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 228 (4.47%) Azure DevOps
12 224 (4.39%) Software Engineer
13 201 (3.94%) Cloud Architect
14 182 (3.57%) Senior DevOps
15 178 (3.49%) Data Engineer
16 172 (3.37%) Site Reliability Engineer
17 164 (3.21%) Consultant
18 156 (3.06%) Azure Architect
18 156 (3.06%) Java Developer
19 145 (2.84%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 451 (8.84%) Node.js
2 419 (8.21%) React
3 384 (7.52%) Kafka
4 235 (4.60%) .NET
5 218 (4.27%) Spring
6 209 (4.09%) REST
7 156 (3.06%) Spring Boot
8 152 (2.98%) ARM Templates
9 149 (2.92%) Elastic Stack
10 144 (2.82%) CSS
11 137 (2.68%) HTML
12 136 (2.66%) YAML
13 122 (2.39%) AngularJS
14 121 (2.37%) JSON
15 118 (2.31%) Material-UI
16 79 (1.55%) GraphQL
17 70 (1.37%) .NET Core
18 69 (1.35%) RESTful
19 62 (1.21%) RabbitMQ
20 59 (1.16%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 367 (7.19%) Public Cloud
2 337 (6.60%) Cloud Native
3 168 (3.29%) Greenfield Project
4 133 (2.61%) Data Centre
5 127 (2.49%) Data Protection Act
6 119 (2.33%) Hedge funds
7 95 (1.86%) Linux Command Line
8 85 (1.67%) Hybrid Cloud
9 81 (1.59%) User Experience
10 64 (1.25%) Equities
11 63 (1.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 57 (1.12%) Fixed Income
12 57 (1.12%) iPad
13 53 (1.04%) Private Cloud
14 52 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
15 50 (0.98%) Management Information System
16 49 (0.96%) PKI
17 48 (0.94%) NHS
18 47 (0.92%) Enterprise Cloud
19 43 (0.84%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 1,281 (25.10%) Linux
2 520 (10.19%) Windows
3 235 (4.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 191 (3.74%) Unix
5 144 (2.82%) Windows Server
6 99 (1.94%) CentOS
7 56 (1.10%) Ubuntu
8 34 (0.67%) Debian
9 31 (0.61%) Windows Server 2019
10 22 (0.43%) Amazon Linux
10 22 (0.43%) Oracle Linux
10 22 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
10 22 (0.43%) Windows Server 2016
11 18 (0.35%) Mac OS
12 17 (0.33%) Mesosphere
13 16 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
14 14 (0.27%) VMS
15 12 (0.24%) Apple iOS
15 12 (0.24%) Solaris
16 11 (0.22%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,386 (66.34%) DevOps
2 2,557 (50.10%) CI/CD
3 1,583 (31.01%) Infrastructure as Code
4 1,558 (30.53%) Agile Software Development
5 705 (13.81%) Microservices
6 565 (11.07%) Software Engineering
7 504 (9.87%) Migration
8 482 (9.44%) Configuration Management
9 429 (8.41%) Continuous Integration
10 415 (8.13%) Site Reliability Engineering
11 398 (7.80%) Full Stack Development
12 369 (7.23%) TDD
13 368 (7.21%) Test Automation
14 354 (6.94%) Scrum
15 349 (6.84%) Analytics
16 316 (6.19%) Open Source
17 257 (5.04%) Continuous Delivery
18 250 (4.90%) Problem-Solving
19 225 (4.41%) Data Protection
20 222 (4.35%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 1,646 (32.25%) Python
2 919 (18.01%) Java
3 725 (14.20%) PowerShell
4 692 (13.56%) JavaScript
5 679 (13.30%) Bash
6 522 (10.23%) SQL
7 352 (6.90%) TypeScript
8 306 (6.00%) Go
9 298 (5.84%) C#
10 226 (4.43%) Ruby
11 191 (3.74%) Groovy
12 140 (2.74%) Scala
13 132 (2.59%) Shell Script
14 68 (1.33%) PHP
15 62 (1.21%) C
16 59 (1.16%) Perl
17 41 (0.80%) Java 8
18 39 (0.76%) C++
18 39 (0.76%) Kotlin
19 31 (0.61%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 611 (11.97%) Security Cleared
2 514 (10.07%) SC Cleared
3 180 (3.53%) AWS Certification
4 136 (2.66%) Degree
5 82 (1.61%) BPSS Clearance
6 61 (1.20%) DV Cleared
7 45 (0.88%) Computer Science Degree
8 43 (0.84%) RHCE
9 31 (0.61%) Cisco Certification
10 27 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
11 23 (0.45%) CISSP
12 19 (0.37%) CCNP
13 13 (0.25%) CCIE
14 11 (0.22%) CCNA
15 9 (0.18%) MCSE
16 7 (0.14%) DBS Check
16 7 (0.14%) ITIL Certification
16 7 (0.14%) RHCSA
17 5 (0.098%) CISM
18 4 (0.078%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 92 (1.80%) GDPR
2 91 (1.78%) QA
3 53 (1.04%) Accessibility
4 36 (0.71%) SLA
5 30 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 25 (0.49%) NCSC
7 15 (0.29%) NIST
8 10 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
9 8 (0.16%) Data Quality
10 6 (0.12%) PCI DSS
11 5 (0.098%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 4 (0.078%) IFRS
12 4 (0.078%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 4 (0.078%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 2 (0.039%) Cyber Essentials
13 2 (0.039%) SOC 2
14 1 (0.020%) HIPAA
14 1 (0.020%) IFRS 9
14 1 (0.020%) ISO 9000
14 1 (0.020%) SOC 1
System Software
1 1,935 (37.91%) Docker
2 285 (5.58%) Active Directory
3 161 (3.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 89 (1.74%) Virtual Machines
5 59 (1.16%) Hyper-V
6 32 (0.63%) Virtual Desktop
7 22 (0.43%) vSphere
8 21 (0.41%) vCloud
9 20 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 20 (0.39%) NFS
10 19 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
10 19 (0.37%) VMware NSX
11 13 (0.25%) Microsoft App-V
12 12 (0.24%) KVM
13 10 (0.20%) HDFS
14 7 (0.14%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 5 (0.098%) Firmware
16 4 (0.078%) LXC
16 4 (0.078%) Squid
16 4 (0.078%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 2,364 (46.32%) Kubernetes
2 1,554 (30.45%) Ansible
3 427 (8.37%) Puppet
4 338 (6.62%) Prometheus
5 334 (6.54%) Opscode Chef
6 267 (5.23%) Grafana
7 197 (3.86%) Packer
8 121 (2.37%) Istio
9 116 (2.27%) Docker Swarm
10 108 (2.12%) Consul
11 68 (1.33%) ZABBIX
12 65 (1.27%) Nagios
13 59 (1.16%) Kibana
13 59 (1.16%) Rancher
14 44 (0.86%) HAProxy
15 35 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
16 31 (0.61%) Salt
17 29 (0.57%) logstash
18 23 (0.45%) Icinga
19 21 (0.41%) Netcool
Vendors
1 593 (11.62%) Microsoft
2 411 (8.05%) Google
3 249 (4.88%) VMware
4 196 (3.84%) Red Hat
5 191 (3.74%) Splunk
6 121 (2.37%) Databricks
7 111 (2.17%) Oracle
8 72 (1.41%) AppDynamics
9 68 (1.33%) Cisco
10 61 (1.20%) Atlassian
11 55 (1.08%) New Relic
12 41 (0.80%) SAP
13 39 (0.76%) PagerDuty
14 34 (0.67%) Citrix
15 32 (0.63%) Dynatrace
16 30 (0.59%) IBM
16 30 (0.59%) NetApp
16 30 (0.59%) Palo Alto
17 26 (0.51%) MuleSoft
17 26 (0.51%) ServiceNow