Period
to 14 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 14 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 117 244 532
Rank change year-on-year +127 +288 +359
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,259 978 400
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.21% 1.02% 0.37%
As % of the Systems Management category 16.19% 8.99% 3.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,718 782 270
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £508
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +3.45% -7.73%
10th Percentile £425 £416 £385
90th Percentile £675 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £458
% change year-on-year +5.26% +3.83% -3.68%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
UK median hourly rate £65.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 13,952 10,880 12,434
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.63% 11.38% 11.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,335 7,221 8,010
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +8.24% +6.25%
10th Percentile £275 £265 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £415 £390
% change year-on-year +2.41% +6.41% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 386 231 265
UK median hourly rate £19.25 £17.50 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.00% -22.22% +11.47%
10th Percentile £12.25 £10.75 £13.00
90th Percentile £48.92 £47.00 £48.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £16.25 £24.75
% change year-on-year +7.69% -34.34% +20.73%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Terraform.

Contractor daily rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +131 2,172 £550 +4.76% 401
London +94 1,369 £570 +6.05% 234
UK excluding London +176 864 £500 +5.26% 195
North of England +179 349 £485 +7.78% 63
South East +94 236 £500 - 47
North West +84 141 £488 +8.33% 28
Yorkshire +90 136 £500 +5.26% 27
East of England +56 82 £500 - 22
North East +58 74 £463 +34.06% 8
Midlands -18 74 £500 +5.26% 18
South West +38 56 £500 +5.26% 16
West Midlands -43 48 £500 +5.26% 13
Scotland +6 45 £500 +8.11% 19
East Midlands +12 25 £475 -5.00% 5
Wales -22 23 £550 +10.00% 9
Northern Ireland - 1 £575 - 1

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,754 (77.64%) DevOps
2 1,528 (67.64%) Amazon AWS
3 1,223 (54.14%) Ansible
4 1,159 (51.31%) Docker
5 1,109 (49.09%) Linux
6 1,048 (46.39%) Jenkins
7 929 (41.12%) Puppet
8 921 (40.77%) Agile Software Development
9 883 (39.09%) Python
10 804 (35.59%) Kubernetes
11 654 (28.95%) Java
12 619 (27.40%) Opscode Chef
13 600 (26.56%) Configuration Management
14 526 (23.28%) Git (software)
15 512 (22.66%) Continuous Integration
16 449 (19.88%) Microsoft Azure
17 446 (19.74%) Bash Shell
18 380 (16.82%) Ruby
19 375 (16.60%) Microservices
20 366 (16.20%) AWS CloudFormation
21 328 (14.52%) Windows
22 324 (14.34%) Amazon EC2
23 304 (13.46%) Serverless
24 302 (13.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
25 301 (13.32%) Packer
26 295 (13.06%) Security Cleared
26 295 (13.06%) Finance
27 290 (12.84%) Node.js
28 268 (11.86%) Continuous Delivery
29 262 (11.60%) Web Services

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 186 (8.23%) Elasticsearch
2 160 (7.08%) Confluence
3 96 (4.25%) nginx
4 86 (3.81%) Apache
5 77 (3.41%) Apache Spark
6 51 (2.26%) Tomcat
7 32 (1.42%) OpenStack
8 26 (1.15%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 26 (1.15%) Apache Solr
8 26 (1.15%) JBoss
9 23 (1.02%) Cloud Foundry
10 22 (0.97%) IIS
11 18 (0.80%) Gunicorn
12 16 (0.71%) WebLogic
13 14 (0.62%) Apache Pig
13 14 (0.62%) WebSphere
14 11 (0.49%) Jetty
15 10 (0.44%) Mongrel
16 8 (0.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 6 (0.27%) SAS
Applications
1 5 (0.22%) HipChat
1 5 (0.22%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.044%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.044%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.044%) Shockwave
Business Applications
1 3 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
1 3 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (0.044%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.044%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (0.044%) Magento
2 1 (0.044%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.044%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.044%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,528 (67.64%) Amazon AWS
2 449 (19.88%) Microsoft Azure
3 366 (16.20%) AWS CloudFormation
4 324 (14.34%) Amazon EC2
5 304 (13.46%) Serverless
6 244 (10.80%) AWS Lambda
7 236 (10.45%) Amazon S3
8 197 (8.72%) Google Cloud Platform
8 197 (8.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 161 (7.13%) GitHub
10 141 (6.24%) Amazon ELB
11 136 (6.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 127 (5.62%) Route 53
13 91 (4.03%) OpenShift
14 90 (3.98%) PaaS
15 76 (3.36%) IaaS
16 65 (2.88%) Datadog
17 62 (2.74%) SaaS
18 61 (2.70%) CloudFront
19 44 (1.95%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 118 (5.22%) Firewall
2 93 (4.12%) DNS
3 78 (3.45%) HTTP
4 76 (3.36%) TCP/IP
4 76 (3.36%) VPN
5 49 (2.17%) SSL
6 31 (1.37%) Internet
7 29 (1.28%) Network Security
8 20 (0.89%) SSH
9 18 (0.80%) OpenVPN
10 17 (0.75%) Software-Defined Networking
11 16 (0.71%) Kerberos
12 15 (0.66%) FTP
13 14 (0.62%) DSL
14 13 (0.58%) OpenLDAP
15 11 (0.49%) DKIM
15 11 (0.49%) DMARC
16 10 (0.44%) IPsec
17 9 (0.40%) ICMP
18 8 (0.35%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 204 (9.03%) Amazon RDS
2 201 (8.90%) PostgreSQL
3 172 (7.61%) MySQL
4 163 (7.22%) Hadoop
5 149 (6.60%) MongoDB
6 129 (5.71%) Big Data
7 118 (5.22%) NoSQL
8 79 (3.50%) Apache Cassandra
9 71 (3.14%) Amazon Redshift
10 69 (3.05%) Redis
10 69 (3.05%) SQL Server
11 48 (2.12%) Relational Database
12 46 (2.04%) Apache Hive
12 46 (2.04%) HBase
13 36 (1.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 24 (1.06%) Data Warehouse
14 24 (1.06%) RDBMS
15 22 (0.97%) Oracle Database
16 19 (0.84%) InfluxDB
17 18 (0.80%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,048 (46.39%) Jenkins
2 526 (23.28%) Git (software)
3 197 (8.72%) JIRA
4 143 (6.33%) Sonatype Nexus
5 140 (6.20%) Maven
6 135 (5.98%) Vagrant
7 115 (5.09%) Artifactory
8 114 (5.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 108 (4.78%) Bitbucket
10 105 (4.65%) TeamCity
11 95 (4.21%) GitLab
12 67 (2.97%) Travis CI
13 65 (2.88%) Cucumber
14 58 (2.57%) Subversion
15 55 (2.43%) SonarQube
16 51 (2.26%) Gradle
17 43 (1.90%) GoCD
18 42 (1.86%) Selenium
19 37 (1.64%) JUnit
20 34 (1.51%) Ant
General
1 295 (13.06%) Finance
2 76 (3.36%) Retail
3 75 (3.32%) Banking
4 53 (2.35%) Marketing
5 42 (1.86%) Telecoms
6 28 (1.24%) Manufacturing
7 27 (1.20%) Electronics
8 23 (1.02%) Law
9 22 (0.97%) Games
9 22 (0.97%) Publishing
10 16 (0.71%) Front Office
11 13 (0.58%) Financial Institution
12 7 (0.31%) Automotive
13 5 (0.22%) Advertising
13 5 (0.22%) Back Office
13 5 (0.22%) Legal
13 5 (0.22%) Retail Banking
14 1 (0.044%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,237 (54.76%) DevOps Engineer
2 579 (25.63%) AWS Engineer
3 548 (24.26%) AWS DevOps
4 475 (21.03%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 327 (14.48%) Developer
6 210 (9.30%) Cloud Engineer
7 165 (7.30%) Senior DevOps
8 157 (6.95%) Java Developer
9 151 (6.68%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 143 (6.33%) Consultant
11 113 (5.00%) Architect
12 99 (4.38%) DevOps Consultant
13 97 (4.29%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 89 (3.94%) Operations Engineer
15 88 (3.90%) AWS Developer
16 85 (3.76%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 77 (3.41%) Platform Engineer
18 76 (3.36%) Azure Engineer
18 76 (3.36%) Linux/Unix DevOps
19 71 (3.14%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 290 (12.84%) Node.js
2 262 (11.60%) Web Services
3 207 (9.16%) Elastic Stack
4 157 (6.95%) Kafka
5 128 (5.67%) Spring
6 101 (4.47%) React
7 98 (4.34%) REST
8 96 (4.25%) Spring Boot
9 95 (4.21%) RESTful
10 73 (3.23%) RabbitMQ
11 70 (3.10%) .NET
12 66 (2.92%) J2EE
13 65 (2.88%) AngularJS
14 58 (2.57%) JSON
15 54 (2.39%) ActiveMQ
16 53 (2.35%) Hibernate
17 44 (1.95%) Sensu
18 42 (1.86%) CSS
19 32 (1.42%) Middleware
20 29 (1.28%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 141 (6.24%) Greenfield Project
2 109 (4.83%) Linux Command Line
3 87 (3.85%) Public Cloud
4 81 (3.59%) Cloud Native
5 76 (3.36%) Data Centre
6 53 (2.35%) Analytical Skills
7 52 (2.30%) Fintech
8 49 (2.17%) Computer Science
9 43 (1.90%) Enterprise Software
10 32 (1.42%) Self-Motivation
11 31 (1.37%) Private Cloud
12 24 (1.06%) Hybrid Cloud
13 20 (0.89%) Hedge funds
13 20 (0.89%) Mobile App
13 20 (0.89%) PKI
13 20 (0.89%) User Experience
14 17 (0.75%) Clustering
14 17 (0.75%) Management Information System
15 14 (0.62%) Enterprise Cloud
15 14 (0.62%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 1,109 (49.09%) Linux
2 328 (14.52%) Windows
3 302 (13.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 215 (9.52%) Unix
5 184 (8.15%) CentOS
6 100 (4.43%) Windows Server
7 96 (4.25%) Ubuntu
8 31 (1.37%) DC/OS
9 24 (1.06%) Debian
10 20 (0.89%) Apple iOS
10 20 (0.89%) Windows Server 2008
11 19 (0.84%) CoreOS
12 15 (0.66%) Solaris
13 12 (0.53%) VMS
14 11 (0.49%) Mesosphere
14 11 (0.49%) Windows Server 2003
15 9 (0.40%) Android
16 7 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
17 5 (0.22%) Fedora
18 4 (0.18%) Windows 2000 Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,754 (77.64%) DevOps
2 921 (40.77%) Agile Software Development
3 600 (26.56%) Configuration Management
4 512 (22.66%) Continuous Integration
5 375 (16.60%) Microservices
6 268 (11.86%) Continuous Delivery
7 257 (11.38%) Open Source
8 223 (9.87%) TDD
9 221 (9.78%) Migration
10 193 (8.54%) Deployment Automation
11 169 (7.48%) Software Engineering
12 162 (7.17%) Scrum
13 143 (6.33%) Mentoring
14 142 (6.29%) BDD
15 141 (6.24%) Load Balancing
16 138 (6.11%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 134 (5.93%) Test Automation
18 108 (4.78%) Pair Programming
19 102 (4.52%) E-Commerce
20 90 (3.98%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 883 (39.09%) Python
2 654 (28.95%) Java
3 446 (19.74%) Bash Shell
4 380 (16.82%) Ruby
5 218 (9.65%) PowerShell
6 178 (7.88%) Go
7 175 (7.75%) JavaScript
8 156 (6.91%) Perl
9 148 (6.55%) Groovy
10 144 (6.37%) SQL
11 120 (5.31%) Java 8
12 104 (4.60%) Shell Script
13 64 (2.83%) PHP
14 55 (2.43%) C++
14 55 (2.43%) Scala
15 52 (2.30%) C
16 48 (2.12%) C#
17 43 (1.90%) TypeScript
18 27 (1.20%) ES6
19 14 (0.62%) R
Qualifications
1 295 (13.06%) Security Cleared
2 222 (9.83%) SC Cleared
3 95 (4.21%) AWS Certification
4 61 (2.70%) Degree
5 43 (1.90%) Computer Science Degree
6 15 (0.66%) CISSP
7 14 (0.62%) CISM
8 10 (0.44%) Master's Degree
9 7 (0.31%) DV Cleared
9 7 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
10 6 (0.27%) BPSS Clearance
11 4 (0.18%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 4 (0.18%) DBS Check
12 3 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
12 3 (0.13%) MCSA
12 3 (0.13%) MCSE
12 3 (0.13%) RHCE
13 2 (0.089%) CCSA
13 2 (0.089%) PhD
14 1 (0.044%) CIPD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 97 (4.29%) GCP
2 66 (2.92%) QA
3 25 (1.11%) GDPR
4 16 (0.71%) Data Quality
5 10 (0.44%) FINRA
6 9 (0.40%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 7 (0.31%) PCI DSS
7 7 (0.31%) PMO
8 5 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 4 (0.18%) SLA
10 1 (0.044%) BS25999
10 1 (0.044%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.044%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 1,159 (51.31%) Docker
2 79 (3.50%) VMware Infrastructure
3 78 (3.45%) Active Directory
4 68 (3.01%) Virtual Machines
5 33 (1.46%) VirtualBox
6 27 (1.20%) etcd
7 22 (0.97%) Hyper-V
8 19 (0.84%) HDFS
9 16 (0.71%) flannel
10 13 (0.58%) Xen
11 12 (0.53%) Postfix
11 12 (0.53%) Squid
12 11 (0.49%) Apache Flume
13 10 (0.44%) Varnish
14 9 (0.40%) KVM
14 9 (0.40%) oVirt
14 9 (0.40%) RHEV
14 9 (0.40%) vCloud
15 7 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 5 (0.22%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 1,223 (54.14%) Ansible
2 929 (41.12%) Puppet
3 804 (35.59%) Kubernetes
4 619 (27.40%) Opscode Chef
5 301 (13.32%) Packer
6 133 (5.89%) Consul
7 101 (4.47%) Nagios
8 92 (4.07%) Salt
9 82 (3.63%) Kibana
10 76 (3.36%) Grafana
11 72 (3.19%) logstash
12 70 (3.10%) ZABBIX
13 64 (2.83%) Mesos
14 62 (2.74%) Docker Swarm
15 54 (2.39%) Prometheus
16 47 (2.08%) Rancher
17 28 (1.24%) HAProxy
18 24 (1.06%) Sysdig
19 22 (0.97%) Rundeck
20 21 (0.93%) Uchiwa
Vendors
1 180 (7.97%) Red Hat
2 170 (7.53%) Google
3 135 (5.98%) Splunk
4 114 (5.05%) VMware
5 112 (4.96%) New Relic
6 110 (4.87%) Microsoft
7 100 (4.43%) Oracle
8 74 (3.28%) Atlassian
9 53 (2.35%) Cloudera
9 53 (2.35%) SaltStack
10 33 (1.46%) AppDynamics
11 31 (1.37%) PagerDuty
11 31 (1.37%) SAP
12 29 (1.28%) hybris
13 26 (1.15%) Adobe
13 26 (1.15%) Hortonworks
14 21 (0.93%) Black Duck
15 19 (0.84%) Rackspace
16 16 (0.71%) IBM
17 14 (0.62%) Cisco