Period
to 8 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 8 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
8 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 64 83 161
Rank change year-on-year +19 +78 +191
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,079 2,900 1,790
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.41% 2.99% 1.76%
As % of the Systems Management category 23.61% 20.30% 13.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,503 2,115 1,449
Median daily rate £550 £555 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.90% +0.91% +7.32%
10th Percentile £415 £431 £425
90th Percentile £700 £688 £660
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £540 £500
% change year-on-year -2.78% +8.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 8 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 £70.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -50.00% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.59 £52.00 -
% change year-on-year -27.71% - -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 8,806 14,286 13,019
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.44% 14.74% 12.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,754 9,525 8,734
Median daily rate £500 £500 £483
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.63% +7.22%
10th Percentile £263 £311 £275
90th Percentile £663 £667 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 303 345 284
Median hourly rate £20.00 £19.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +11.43% -13.58%
10th Percentile £12.55 £12.00 £11.61
90th Percentile £48.11 £49.80 £47.50
Median hourly rate £17.75 £17.50 £15.62
% change year-on-year +1.43% +12.07% -18.88%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 8 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +17 1,945 £550 -2.22% 603
London +9 1,124 £575 - 325
UK excluding London +32 911 £525 -2.78% 309
North of England +21 312 £550 - 107
South East +59 180 £500 -4.76% 64
North West +17 152 £525 -7.08% 62
South West +24 120 £550 - 24
Yorkshire +47 113 £574 +14.75% 31
Midlands +5 113 £475 -9.52% 49
East of England +43 88 £500 - 34
Scotland +20 77 £500 -28.57% 21
West Midlands +8 74 £500 -4.76% 39
Work from Home +12 60 £525 - 62
North East +9 44 £500 -4.76% 14
East Midlands +9 36 £425 -19.05% 10
Wales +2 26 £475 -9.52% 10

For the 6 months to 8 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,554 (74.75%) DevOps
2 1,255 (60.37%) AWS
3 1,073 (51.61%) Kubernetes
4 990 (47.62%) Docker
5 975 (46.90%) Ansible
6 820 (39.44%) Python
7 787 (37.85%) Agile Software Development
8 781 (37.57%) Jenkins
9 715 (34.39%) Azure
10 613 (29.49%) Linux
11 561 (26.98%) Infrastructure as Code
12 535 (25.73%) Java
13 427 (20.54%) Git (software)
14 402 (19.34%) Puppet
15 378 (18.18%) GCP
16 362 (17.41%) Finance
17 338 (16.26%) Continuous Integration
17 338 (16.26%) AWS CloudFormation
18 334 (16.07%) Microservices
19 315 (15.15%) Security Cleared
20 306 (14.72%) Opscode Chef
21 295 (14.19%) Serverless
21 295 (14.19%) Configuration Management
22 267 (12.84%) Amazon EC2
23 259 (12.46%) Bash Shell
24 255 (12.27%) SC Cleared
25 253 (12.17%) JavaScript
26 243 (11.69%) PowerShell
27 242 (11.64%) JIRA
28 235 (11.30%) Amazon S3

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 163 (7.84%) Confluence
2 109 (5.24%) Elasticsearch
3 75 (3.61%) nginx
4 60 (2.89%) Apache Spark
5 42 (2.02%) Apache
6 33 (1.59%) OpenStack
7 28 (1.35%) Cloud Foundry
7 28 (1.35%) Tomcat
8 20 (0.96%) IIS
9 17 (0.82%) Apache Airflow
10 14 (0.67%) JBoss
10 14 (0.67%) SAS
11 9 (0.43%) Drupal
12 8 (0.38%) WebSphere
13 7 (0.34%) CMS
14 5 (0.24%) GemFire
15 4 (0.19%) Mule
16 3 (0.14%) Anypoint
16 3 (0.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 3 (0.14%) WildFly
Applications
1 3 (0.14%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (0.14%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.096%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.048%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.048%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 7 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
1 7 (0.34%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 3 (0.14%) Eikon
2 3 (0.14%) Shopify
3 2 (0.096%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.048%) Actimize
4 1 (0.048%) Maximo
4 1 (0.048%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.048%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 1,255 (60.37%) AWS
2 715 (34.39%) Azure
3 378 (18.18%) GCP
4 338 (16.26%) AWS CloudFormation
5 295 (14.19%) Serverless
6 267 (12.84%) Amazon EC2
7 235 (11.30%) Amazon S3
7 235 (11.30%) AWS Lambda
8 183 (8.80%) OpenShift
9 181 (8.71%) Amazon ECS
10 159 (7.65%) GitHub
11 144 (6.93%) PaaS
12 117 (5.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 104 (5.00%) Amazon SQS
13 104 (5.00%) IaaS
14 81 (3.90%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 71 (3.42%) Amazon EKS
16 69 (3.32%) Route 53
17 50 (2.41%) Amazon ELB
17 50 (2.41%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 93 (4.47%) DNS
2 83 (3.99%) HTTP
3 77 (3.70%) Firewall
4 73 (3.51%) TCP/IP
5 53 (2.55%) VPN
6 34 (1.64%) SSL
7 18 (0.87%) Kerberos
8 14 (0.67%) Network Security
9 12 (0.58%) FTP
9 12 (0.58%) WAN
10 11 (0.53%) DHCP
10 11 (0.53%) Reverse Proxy
11 10 (0.48%) DSL
11 10 (0.48%) SAN
12 8 (0.38%) Cisco Nexus
12 8 (0.38%) Internet
12 8 (0.38%) LAN
13 7 (0.34%) MQTT
13 7 (0.34%) SNMP
13 7 (0.34%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 137 (6.59%) Big Data
2 132 (6.35%) Amazon RDS
3 105 (5.05%) Amazon Redshift
4 99 (4.76%) MySQL
4 99 (4.76%) NoSQL
5 83 (3.99%) PostgreSQL
6 72 (3.46%) Hadoop
7 62 (2.98%) Relational Database
8 55 (2.65%) MongoDB
9 45 (2.16%) BigQuery
10 44 (2.12%) SQL Server
11 41 (1.97%) Data Warehouse
12 37 (1.78%) Redis
13 36 (1.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 24 (1.15%) Data Lake
15 22 (1.06%) Apache Cassandra
15 22 (1.06%) Apache Hive
16 21 (1.01%) Azure SQL Database
16 21 (1.01%) Oracle Database
16 21 (1.01%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 781 (37.57%) Jenkins
2 427 (20.54%) Git (software)
3 242 (11.64%) JIRA
4 223 (10.73%) GitLab
5 163 (7.84%) Artifactory
6 138 (6.64%) CircleCI
7 99 (4.76%) Bitbucket
8 79 (3.80%) Maven
9 74 (3.56%) Selenium
10 68 (3.27%) Sonatype Nexus
11 64 (3.08%) SonarQube
12 59 (2.84%) Travis CI
13 58 (2.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 53 (2.55%) Visual Studio Team System
15 48 (2.31%) Cucumber
15 48 (2.31%) RStudio
16 38 (1.83%) Subversion
16 38 (1.83%) TeamCity
17 37 (1.78%) webpack
18 33 (1.59%) Gradle
General
1 362 (17.41%) Finance
2 163 (7.84%) Public Sector
3 118 (5.68%) Banking
4 91 (4.38%) Front Office
5 37 (1.78%) Retail
6 33 (1.59%) Investment Banking
7 28 (1.35%) Marketing
8 22 (1.06%) Telecoms
9 16 (0.77%) Manufacturing
10 15 (0.72%) Games
11 14 (0.67%) Law
11 14 (0.67%) Publishing
12 12 (0.58%) Electronics
12 12 (0.58%) Financial Institution
13 10 (0.48%) Legal
14 7 (0.34%) Advertising
15 4 (0.19%) Automotive
15 4 (0.19%) Police
16 3 (0.14%) Corporate Banking
17 2 (0.096%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 975 (46.90%) DevOps Engineer
2 384 (18.47%) AWS Engineer
3 304 (14.62%) Developer
4 303 (14.57%) AWS DevOps
5 271 (13.04%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 169 (8.13%) Cloud Engineer
7 158 (7.60%) Azure Engineer
8 147 (7.07%) Senior DevOps
9 131 (6.30%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 120 (5.77%) Architect
11 118 (5.68%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 108 (5.19%) Platform Engineer
13 104 (5.00%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 93 (4.47%) Azure DevOps
14 93 (4.47%) Python Engineer
15 89 (4.28%) Java Developer
16 77 (3.70%) AWS Developer
17 68 (3.27%) Data Engineer
18 66 (3.17%) Senior Developer
19 61 (2.93%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 224 (10.77%) Node.js
2 214 (10.29%) Web Services
3 151 (7.26%) Kafka
4 115 (5.53%) Elastic Stack
5 113 (5.44%) React
6 98 (4.71%) .NET
7 78 (3.75%) Spring
8 73 (3.51%) AngularJS
8 73 (3.51%) Redux
9 69 (3.32%) REST
10 64 (3.08%) CSS
10 64 (3.08%) J2EE
11 57 (2.74%) J2SE
12 49 (2.36%) Spring Boot
13 48 (2.31%) GraphQL
14 47 (2.26%) RESTful
15 38 (1.83%) JSON
16 37 (1.78%) RabbitMQ
17 33 (1.59%) Jest
18 30 (1.44%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 122 (5.87%) Public Cloud
2 98 (4.71%) Greenfield Project
3 89 (4.28%) Cloud Native
4 87 (4.18%) Analytical Skills
5 76 (3.66%) Fixed Income
6 70 (3.37%) Data Centre
7 63 (3.03%) Derivative
8 62 (2.98%) Equities
9 59 (2.84%) Linux Command Line
10 39 (1.88%) User Experience
11 32 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
12 31 (1.49%) Hybrid Cloud
13 28 (1.35%) Algorithms
13 28 (1.35%) Blog
14 27 (1.30%) Data Structures
15 26 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
16 19 (0.91%) Mobile App
17 18 (0.87%) PKI
18 17 (0.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 17 (0.82%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 613 (29.49%) Linux
2 195 (9.38%) Windows
3 104 (5.00%) Unix
4 102 (4.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 73 (3.51%) CentOS
6 65 (3.13%) Windows Server
7 48 (2.31%) Ubuntu
8 22 (1.06%) Android
8 22 (1.06%) Apple iOS
9 20 (0.96%) CoreOS
10 12 (0.58%) Windows Server 2016
11 10 (0.48%) Debian
12 8 (0.38%) Windows Server 2008
13 6 (0.29%) Mac OS
13 6 (0.29%) Mac OS X
13 6 (0.29%) Solaris
13 6 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
14 5 (0.24%) Windows 10
15 4 (0.19%) Windows Server 2003
16 3 (0.14%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,554 (74.75%) DevOps
2 787 (37.85%) Agile Software Development
3 561 (26.98%) Infrastructure as Code
4 338 (16.26%) Continuous Integration
5 334 (16.07%) Microservices
6 295 (14.19%) Configuration Management
7 227 (10.92%) Software Engineering
8 220 (10.58%) Open Source
9 206 (9.91%) Test Automation
10 196 (9.43%) Migration
11 177 (8.51%) Scrum
12 161 (7.74%) Continuous Delivery
13 135 (6.49%) TDD
14 133 (6.40%) Infrastructure Automation
15 127 (6.11%) Deployment Automation
16 103 (4.95%) Kanban
17 98 (4.71%) Analytics
18 97 (4.67%) Asset Management
18 97 (4.67%) Continuous Deployment
19 86 (4.14%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 820 (39.44%) Python
2 535 (25.73%) Java
3 259 (12.46%) Bash Shell
4 253 (12.17%) JavaScript
5 243 (11.69%) PowerShell
6 181 (8.71%) Ruby
7 179 (8.61%) SQL
8 170 (8.18%) Go
9 103 (4.95%) C#
10 97 (4.67%) TypeScript
11 91 (4.38%) Groovy
12 68 (3.27%) R
13 64 (3.08%) Perl
14 57 (2.74%) PHP
15 49 (2.36%) Java 8
16 48 (2.31%) Scala
17 47 (2.26%) Shell Script
18 36 (1.73%) ES6
19 24 (1.15%) Kotlin
20 18 (0.87%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 315 (15.15%) Security Cleared
2 255 (12.27%) SC Cleared
3 53 (2.55%) AWS Certification
4 33 (1.59%) Degree
5 26 (1.25%) Microsoft Certification
6 25 (1.20%) DV Cleared
7 19 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
8 17 (0.82%) Computer Science Degree
9 16 (0.77%) Cisco Certification
9 16 (0.77%) MCSA
10 13 (0.63%) ISTQB
11 8 (0.38%) CISSP
11 8 (0.38%) ISEB
11 8 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 7 (0.34%) CCA
12 7 (0.34%) CCNA
12 7 (0.34%) CCNP
12 7 (0.34%) CISM
13 6 (0.29%) OCP
13 6 (0.29%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 58 (2.79%) QA
2 9 (0.43%) Disclosure Scotland
3 7 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 6 (0.29%) GDPR
4 6 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 6 (0.29%) NCSC
4 6 (0.29%) NIST
4 6 (0.29%) PCI DSS
5 3 (0.14%) SLA
6 1 (0.048%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.048%) FedRAMP
6 1 (0.048%) HIPAA
System Software
1 990 (47.62%) Docker
2 63 (3.03%) Active Directory
3 53 (2.55%) VMware Infrastructure
4 34 (1.64%) Virtual Machines
5 17 (0.82%) vSphere
6 9 (0.43%) Hyper-V
6 9 (0.43%) VMware NSX
7 7 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
8 5 (0.24%) HDFS
9 4 (0.19%) NFS
10 3 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 3 (0.14%) OpenAM
10 3 (0.14%) OpenDJ
10 3 (0.14%) OpenIDM
10 3 (0.14%) Varnish
11 2 (0.096%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.096%) KVM
11 2 (0.096%) LXC
11 2 (0.096%) Virtual Desktop
11 2 (0.096%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,073 (51.61%) Kubernetes
2 975 (46.90%) Ansible
3 402 (19.34%) Puppet
4 306 (14.72%) Opscode Chef
5 144 (6.93%) Packer
6 76 (3.66%) Prometheus
7 63 (3.03%) Consul
8 62 (2.98%) Grafana
9 60 (2.89%) Salt
10 41 (1.97%) Docker Swarm
11 40 (1.92%) Kibana
12 39 (1.88%) logstash
13 35 (1.68%) Istio
14 29 (1.39%) Nagios
15 22 (1.06%) Rancher
16 14 (0.67%) Hadoop YARN
17 12 (0.58%) vRealize Orchestrator
18 10 (0.48%) HAProxy
18 10 (0.48%) Mesos
19 9 (0.43%) vRealize
Vendors
1 190 (9.14%) Google
2 126 (6.06%) Microsoft
3 74 (3.56%) Red Hat
4 69 (3.32%) Cloudera
4 69 (3.32%) VMware
5 63 (3.03%) Oracle
6 62 (2.98%) Splunk
7 41 (1.97%) Hortonworks
8 33 (1.59%) New Relic
9 25 (1.20%) Atlassian
9 25 (1.20%) Confluent
10 17 (0.82%) SAP
11 16 (0.77%) ServiceNow
12 15 (0.72%) F5
12 15 (0.72%) Veracode
13 14 (0.67%) Databricks
14 13 (0.63%) TOWER Software
15 12 (0.58%) AppDynamics
15 12 (0.58%) IBM
16 11 (0.53%) MapR