Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 33 64 81
Rank change year-on-year +31 +17 +80
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,818 2,052 2,911
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.39% 3.44% 3.02%
As % of the Systems Management category 33.04% 23.70% 20.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,185 1,482 2,093
10th Percentile £413 £413 £438
25th Percentile £475 £480 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £555
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% -0.90% +0.91%
75th Percentile £613 £650 £638
90th Percentile £696 £705 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £525 £540
% change year-on-year -4.76% -2.78% +8.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 3 8
10th Percentile £23.01 £35.96 £11.65
25th Percentile £40.00 £36.82 £53.31
Median hourly rate £50.00 £39.50 £70.00
Median % change year-on-year +26.58% -43.57% -
75th Percentile £62.25 £50.38 £70.25
90th Percentile £63.00 £56.15 £78.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.50 £38.55 £40.75
% change year-on-year -28.65% -5.41% -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 8,529 8,658 14,196
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.32% 14.52% 14.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,087 5,945 9,656
10th Percentile £325 £263 £313
25th Percentile £413 £395 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £588 £588
90th Percentile £675 £663 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 151 254 318
10th Percentile £14.00 £12.44 £12.00
25th Percentile £17.16 £14.31 £14.05
Median hourly rate £24.00 £18.00 £18.50
Median % change year-on-year +33.33% -2.70% +5.71%
75th Percentile £53.00 £26.75 £36.67
90th Percentile £63.00 £47.46 £49.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.00 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +25.71% +0.01% +11.24%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +26 2,163 £525 -4.55% 901
London +26 1,422 £550 -4.35% 441
Work from Home +37 1,154 £550 +4.76% 225
UK excluding London +22 666 £500 -4.76% 490
South East +60 194 £525 +5.00% 87
North of England -2 181 £500 -9.09% 177
North West +3 107 £500 -4.76% 82
South West +35 90 £475 -13.64% 64
Scotland +5 71 £500 +1.27% 12
Yorkshire -6 55 £475 -17.39% 80
East of England +6 54 £549 +9.70% 44
Wales +31 43 £500 +5.26% 23
Midlands -41 33 £450 -5.26% 82
West Midlands -30 27 £500 - 63
North East +7 19 £510 +2.00% 15
East Midlands -3 5 £438 +2.94% 19

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,868 (66.29%) DevOps
2 1,512 (53.66%) AWS
3 1,290 (45.78%) Kubernetes
4 1,213 (43.04%) Azure
5 1,091 (38.72%) Docker
6 1,001 (35.52%) Python
7 978 (34.71%) Ansible
8 868 (30.80%) Agile Software Development
9 815 (28.92%) Infrastructure as Code
10 718 (25.48%) Linux
11 665 (23.60%) Jenkins
12 579 (20.55%) Java
13 517 (18.35%) Finance
14 513 (18.20%) GCP
15 476 (16.89%) Serverless
16 460 (16.32%) Security Cleared
17 451 (16.00%) JavaScript
18 442 (15.68%) Node.js
19 441 (15.65%) Software Engineering
20 439 (15.58%) Git (software)
21 407 (14.44%) PowerShell
22 396 (14.05%) Microservices
23 386 (13.70%) SC Cleared
24 352 (12.49%) Web Services
25 351 (12.46%) AWS Lambda
26 341 (12.10%) React
27 322 (11.43%) Windows
28 307 (10.89%) Bash Shell
29 293 (10.40%) SQL
30 282 (10.01%) PaaS

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 115 (4.08%) Apache
1 115 (4.08%) Confluence
2 88 (3.12%) Elasticsearch
3 80 (2.84%) Apache Spark
4 72 (2.56%) nginx
5 48 (1.70%) Apache Airflow
6 33 (1.17%) Cloud Foundry
7 23 (0.82%) Tomcat
8 21 (0.75%) SharePoint
9 20 (0.71%) WebSphere
10 18 (0.64%) OpenStack
11 16 (0.57%) WebSphere Application Server
12 14 (0.50%) Apache Synapse
13 12 (0.43%) CMS
14 11 (0.39%) Jupyter
15 9 (0.32%) IIS
15 9 (0.32%) JBoss
16 8 (0.28%) Apache ServiceMix
16 8 (0.28%) IBM Domino
17 6 (0.21%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 13 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.25%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.11%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.11%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 14 (0.50%) Sentinel
2 8 (0.28%) Magento
3 7 (0.25%) Shopify
4 4 (0.14%) Maximo
5 3 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.071%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.071%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.071%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.035%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.035%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.035%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,512 (53.66%) AWS
2 1,213 (43.04%) Azure
3 513 (18.20%) GCP
4 476 (16.89%) Serverless
5 351 (12.46%) AWS Lambda
6 282 (10.01%) PaaS
7 276 (9.79%) Amazon S3
7 276 (9.79%) AWS CloudFormation
8 271 (9.62%) GitHub
9 183 (6.49%) Amazon EKS
9 183 (6.49%) Amazon SQS
10 180 (6.39%) IaaS
11 162 (5.75%) AWS Step Functions
12 120 (4.26%) OpenShift
13 106 (3.76%) Amazon ECS
13 106 (3.76%) SaaS
14 102 (3.62%) Amazon EC2
15 93 (3.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 89 (3.16%) Azure Active Directory
17 64 (2.27%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 155 (5.50%) Firewall
2 115 (4.08%) DNS
3 39 (1.38%) VPN
4 29 (1.03%) WAN
5 27 (0.96%) Network Security
6 23 (0.82%) HTTP
6 23 (0.82%) Internet
6 23 (0.82%) SSH
7 19 (0.67%) DHCP
8 18 (0.64%) SSL
8 18 (0.64%) TCP/IP
9 17 (0.60%) SAN
10 16 (0.57%) LAN
11 14 (0.50%) NAS
12 13 (0.46%) Reverse Proxy
12 13 (0.46%) Unified Communications
13 12 (0.43%) FTP
14 9 (0.32%) Cisco ASA
14 9 (0.32%) VLAN
14 9 (0.32%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 241 (8.55%) Amazon RDS
2 211 (7.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 150 (5.32%) PostgreSQL
4 111 (3.94%) Big Data
5 109 (3.87%) SQL Server
6 87 (3.09%) BigQuery
7 80 (2.84%) Azure SQL Database
8 71 (2.52%) MySQL
8 71 (2.52%) NoSQL
9 66 (2.34%) MongoDB
10 63 (2.24%) Cosmos DB
11 50 (1.77%) Hadoop
12 44 (1.56%) Data Lake
13 40 (1.42%) Relational Database
14 39 (1.38%) Data Warehouse
15 37 (1.31%) Amazon Redshift
16 35 (1.24%) Redis
17 29 (1.03%) Apache Ignite
17 29 (1.03%) Cloud Spanner
18 22 (0.78%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 665 (23.60%) Jenkins
2 439 (15.58%) Git (software)
3 249 (8.84%) GitLab
4 180 (6.39%) JIRA
5 123 (4.36%) Maven
6 93 (3.30%) CircleCI
7 81 (2.87%) Bitbucket
8 79 (2.80%) SonarQube
9 76 (2.70%) Artifactory
10 67 (2.38%) Travis CI
11 64 (2.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 62 (2.20%) Gradle
12 62 (2.20%) Sonatype Nexus
12 62 (2.20%) Visual Studio
13 61 (2.16%) TeamCity
14 56 (1.99%) gulp
15 51 (1.81%) Octopus Deploy
16 49 (1.74%) Selenium
17 41 (1.45%) Visual Studio Team System
18 39 (1.38%) Cucumber
General
1 517 (18.35%) Finance
2 244 (8.66%) Front Office
3 183 (6.49%) Public Sector
4 134 (4.76%) Banking
5 56 (1.99%) Telecoms
6 51 (1.81%) Marketing
7 41 (1.45%) Retail
8 30 (1.06%) Manufacturing
9 29 (1.03%) Electronics
10 25 (0.89%) Billing
11 20 (0.71%) Advertising
12 12 (0.43%) Retail Banking
13 9 (0.32%) Investment Banking
14 8 (0.28%) Financial Institution
15 7 (0.25%) Games
15 7 (0.25%) Publishing
16 6 (0.21%) iGaming
16 6 (0.21%) Law
16 6 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
17 5 (0.18%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,113 (39.50%) DevOps Engineer
2 587 (20.83%) Developer
3 437 (15.51%) AWS Engineer
4 429 (15.22%) Azure Engineer
5 340 (12.07%) AWS DevOps
6 292 (10.36%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 284 (10.08%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 256 (9.08%) Architect
9 254 (9.01%) Cloud Engineer
10 230 (8.16%) React Developer
11 202 (7.17%) Azure DevOps
12 184 (6.53%) AWS Developer
13 163 (5.78%) Senior DevOps
14 157 (5.57%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 143 (5.07%) Platform Engineer
16 136 (4.83%) Full Stack Developer
17 106 (3.76%) Kubernetes Engineer
18 88 (3.12%) Cloud Architect
19 86 (3.05%) Data Engineer
20 82 (2.91%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 442 (15.68%) Node.js
2 352 (12.49%) Web Services
3 341 (12.10%) React
4 216 (7.67%) .NET
5 179 (6.35%) Kafka
6 158 (5.61%) REST
7 130 (4.61%) Elastic Stack
8 97 (3.44%) .NET Core
9 84 (2.98%) Spring
10 64 (2.27%) JSON
11 63 (2.24%) YAML
12 61 (2.16%) RESTful
13 60 (2.13%) Spring Boot
14 51 (1.81%) RabbitMQ
15 48 (1.70%) CSS
16 45 (1.60%) .NET Framework
16 45 (1.60%) GraphQL
16 45 (1.60%) gRPC
17 44 (1.56%) AngularJS
18 40 (1.42%) ADO
Miscellaneous
1 203 (7.20%) Cloud Native
2 143 (5.07%) Public Cloud
3 134 (4.76%) Greenfield Project
4 85 (3.02%) Data Centre
5 82 (2.91%) Analytical Skills
6 71 (2.52%) User Experience
7 48 (1.70%) Hybrid Cloud
8 35 (1.24%) Linux Command Line
8 35 (1.24%) Private Cloud
9 33 (1.17%) Fixed Income
9 33 (1.17%) Mobile App
10 32 (1.14%) Algorithms
10 32 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
11 29 (1.03%) Derivative
12 28 (0.99%) Management Information System
13 27 (0.96%) Equities
13 27 (0.96%) Hedge funds
14 24 (0.85%) Data Structures
15 21 (0.75%) PKI
15 21 (0.75%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 718 (25.48%) Linux
2 322 (11.43%) Windows
3 107 (3.80%) Windows Server
4 80 (2.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 68 (2.41%) Unix
6 54 (1.92%) CentOS
7 23 (0.82%) Windows Server 2008
8 20 (0.71%) Ubuntu
9 19 (0.67%) Windows Server 2016
10 17 (0.60%) Android
10 17 (0.60%) VMS
11 16 (0.57%) Solaris
12 15 (0.53%) Windows 10
13 11 (0.39%) Windows Server 2019
14 10 (0.35%) CoreOS
15 9 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
16 6 (0.21%) Debian
16 6 (0.21%) SUSE
17 5 (0.18%) HPUX
17 5 (0.18%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,868 (66.29%) DevOps
2 868 (30.80%) Agile Software Development
3 815 (28.92%) Infrastructure as Code
4 441 (15.65%) Software Engineering
5 396 (14.05%) Microservices
6 275 (9.76%) Configuration Management
7 228 (8.09%) Asset Management
8 227 (8.06%) Investment Management
9 222 (7.88%) Migration
10 215 (7.63%) Test Automation
11 212 (7.52%) TDD
12 207 (7.35%) Continuous Integration
13 177 (6.28%) Scrum
14 175 (6.21%) Open Source
15 137 (4.86%) Continuous Delivery
16 129 (4.58%) Deployment Automation
17 128 (4.54%) Site Reliability Engineering
18 124 (4.40%) Infrastructure Automation
19 117 (4.15%) Infrastructure Engineering
20 116 (4.12%) Release Management
Programming Languages
1 1,001 (35.52%) Python
2 579 (20.55%) Java
3 451 (16.00%) JavaScript
4 407 (14.44%) PowerShell
5 307 (10.89%) Bash Shell
6 293 (10.40%) SQL
7 242 (8.59%) TypeScript
8 195 (6.92%) C#
9 170 (6.03%) Go
10 108 (3.83%) Ruby
11 95 (3.37%) Kotlin
12 92 (3.26%) Groovy
13 66 (2.34%) Shell Script
14 51 (1.81%) Scala
15 44 (1.56%) C++
16 36 (1.28%) Perl
17 30 (1.06%) PHP
18 28 (0.99%) Rust
19 24 (0.85%) C
20 18 (0.64%) R
Qualifications
1 460 (16.32%) Security Cleared
2 386 (13.70%) SC Cleared
3 100 (3.55%) Degree
4 73 (2.59%) DV Cleared
5 48 (1.70%) AWS Certification
6 25 (0.89%) BPSS Clearance
7 17 (0.60%) Novell Certification
8 15 (0.53%) Computer Science Degree
9 11 (0.39%) Cisco Certification
10 9 (0.32%) CISSP
11 8 (0.28%) CCNA
11 8 (0.28%) CCNP
12 6 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
13 5 (0.18%) DBS Check
13 5 (0.18%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 4 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
14 4 (0.14%) ISEB
15 3 (0.11%) CISM
15 3 (0.11%) MCSE
15 3 (0.11%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (1.95%) QA
2 17 (0.60%) NIST
3 13 (0.46%) SLA
4 8 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.18%) NCSC
6 4 (0.14%) GDPR
6 4 (0.14%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.14%) WCAG
7 3 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.071%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.035%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.035%) HIPAA
System Software
1 1,091 (38.72%) Docker
2 141 (5.00%) Active Directory
3 107 (3.80%) VMware Infrastructure
4 82 (2.91%) Virtual Machines
5 50 (1.77%) Hyper-V
6 30 (1.06%) VMware ESXi
7 19 (0.67%) GlusterFS
7 19 (0.67%) vSphere
8 17 (0.60%) Virtual Desktop
9 16 (0.57%) VMware NSX
10 15 (0.53%) Microsoft App-V
11 13 (0.46%) Varnish
12 12 (0.43%) KVM
12 12 (0.43%) NFS
13 7 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
13 7 (0.25%) Postfix
13 7 (0.25%) qmail
14 6 (0.21%) VMFS
15 5 (0.18%) VirtualBox
16 4 (0.14%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 1,290 (45.78%) Kubernetes
2 978 (34.71%) Ansible
3 227 (8.06%) Opscode Chef
4 216 (7.67%) Puppet
5 150 (5.32%) Prometheus
6 125 (4.44%) Grafana
7 92 (3.26%) Packer
8 49 (1.74%) Istio
9 47 (1.67%) Consul
10 46 (1.63%) Kibana
11 41 (1.45%) Argo
12 38 (1.35%) Docker Swarm
13 36 (1.28%) logstash
14 28 (0.99%) Nagios
15 24 (0.85%) Microsoft Intune
16 23 (0.82%) Rancher
16 23 (0.82%) Single Sign-On
17 21 (0.75%) vRealize
18 20 (0.71%) Fluentd
19 19 (0.67%) SCCM
Vendors
1 270 (9.58%) Microsoft
2 266 (9.44%) Google
3 162 (5.75%) VMware
4 126 (4.47%) Splunk
5 76 (2.70%) Oracle
6 58 (2.06%) Red Hat
7 49 (1.74%) Atlassian
8 45 (1.60%) Databricks
9 43 (1.53%) SAP
10 36 (1.28%) IBM
11 33 (1.17%) New Relic
12 32 (1.14%) Cisco
13 28 (0.99%) AppDynamics
14 27 (0.96%) Bloomberg
15 26 (0.92%) ServiceNow
16 24 (0.85%) Hortonworks
17 23 (0.82%) Cloudera
18 22 (0.78%) Palo Alto
19 21 (0.75%) Dell
19 21 (0.75%) Veracode