Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 38 42 59
Rank change year-on-year +4 +17 +17
Contract jobs citing Terraform 4,908 3,457 1,606
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.48% 5.21% 3.89%
As % of the Systems Management category 34.72% 32.44% 25.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,574 2,615 1,204
10th Percentile £458 £425 £413
25th Percentile £513 £488 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - -
75th Percentile £688 £625 £638
90th Percentile £775 £700 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £513 £525
% change year-on-year +7.32% -2.38% -2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 20 3
10th Percentile £35.53 £27.13 £35.96
25th Percentile £36.31 £46.25 £36.82
Median hourly rate £37.75 £60.75 £39.50
Median % change year-on-year -37.86% +53.80% -43.57%
75th Percentile £39.31 £63.00 £50.38
90th Percentile £40.18 £78.00 £56.15
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £56.25 £38.55
% change year-on-year -28.00% +45.93% -5.41%

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 14,135 10,657 6,332
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.78% 16.06% 15.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,220 7,520 4,395
10th Percentile £363 £350 £304
25th Percentile £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £570 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year +8.57% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £675 £600 £600
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £463
% change year-on-year +11.11% -2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 189 157 150
10th Percentile £13.20 £15.00 £12.49
25th Percentile £15.75 £18.00 £14.56
Median hourly rate £22.50 £34.00 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year -33.82% +70.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £47.50 £51.00 £35.00
90th Percentile £67.50 £63.60 £50.21
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £22.32 £19.50
% change year-on-year -10.37% +14.44% +14.30%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +6 3,937 £600 +10.09% 655
Work from Home -5 2,779 £600 +9.09% 358
London -6 2,513 £625 +13.64% 360
UK excluding London +15 1,244 £550 +7.32% 319
North of England +24 437 £550 +4.76% 114
South East +7 295 £575 +9.52% 60
North West +18 243 £575 +15.00% 60
South West +22 163 £550 +10.00% 50
Yorkshire +19 153 £548 +4.29% 39
Scotland +10 129 £564 +12.75% 18
East of England +6 97 £600 +9.09% 29
Midlands -15 97 £550 +4.76% 34
West Midlands -24 79 £550 +4.76% 23
North East +17 63 £538 -10.42% 15
Wales -18 29 £550 +11.39% 8
East Midlands -4 16 £525 +12.90% 11
Northern Ireland -2 2 £625 +30.21% 6

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 3,294 (67.11%) DevOps
2 2,445 (49.82%) AWS
3 2,412 (49.14%) Kubernetes
4 2,324 (47.35%) CI/CD
5 2,194 (44.70%) Azure
6 1,870 (38.10%) Python
7 1,766 (35.98%) Ansible
8 1,685 (34.33%) Docker
9 1,544 (31.46%) Agile
10 1,492 (30.40%) Infrastructure as Code
11 1,385 (28.22%) Jenkins
12 1,293 (26.34%) Linux
13 990 (20.17%) Security Cleared
14 898 (18.30%) SC Cleared
15 857 (17.46%) Git (software)
16 833 (16.97%) GCP
17 831 (16.93%) Azure DevOps
18 828 (16.87%) Finance
19 827 (16.85%) Java
20 791 (16.12%) PowerShell
21 718 (14.63%) GitLab
22 704 (14.34%) Bash
23 695 (14.16%) Serverless
24 651 (13.26%) Microservices
25 631 (12.86%) Microsoft
26 589 (12.00%) AWS CloudFormation
27 585 (11.92%) GitHub
28 577 (11.76%) Social Skills
29 538 (10.96%) Test Automation
30 521 (10.62%) JavaScript

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 247 (5.03%) Confluence
2 149 (3.04%) nginx
3 116 (2.36%) Apache Spark
4 103 (2.10%) Apache
5 67 (1.37%) Apache Airflow
6 48 (0.98%) IIS
6 48 (0.98%) OpenStack
7 46 (0.94%) SharePoint
8 38 (0.77%) Cloud Foundry
9 36 (0.73%) Traefik
10 23 (0.47%) Tomcat
11 13 (0.26%) MS Exchange
11 13 (0.26%) Mule
12 11 (0.22%) WebLogic
13 10 (0.20%) Drupal
13 10 (0.20%) JBoss
13 10 (0.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 9 (0.18%) Jupyter
15 8 (0.16%) CMS
15 8 (0.16%) WebSphere
Applications
1 41 (0.84%) MS Visio
2 15 (0.31%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.061%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.020%) Doxygen
6 1 (0.020%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 9 (0.18%) assyst
1 9 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.061%) Cloudability
2 3 (0.061%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.041%) Bloomberg AIM
3 2 (0.041%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (0.041%) Magento
3 2 (0.041%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.041%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 2 (0.041%) Shopify
4 1 (0.020%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.020%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.020%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.020%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.020%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.020%) TIBCO iProcess
Cloud Services
1 2,445 (49.82%) AWS
2 2,194 (44.70%) Azure
3 833 (16.97%) GCP
4 831 (16.93%) Azure DevOps
5 695 (14.16%) Serverless
6 589 (12.00%) AWS CloudFormation
7 585 (11.92%) GitHub
8 464 (9.45%) AWS Lambda
9 457 (9.31%) PaaS
10 377 (7.68%) IaaS
11 357 (7.27%) Amazon EC2
12 322 (6.56%) Amazon EKS
13 290 (5.91%) Amazon S3
14 278 (5.66%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 258 (5.26%) Amazon ECS
16 248 (5.05%) Azure AKS
17 217 (4.42%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 175 (3.57%) Datadog
19 170 (3.46%) SaaS
20 161 (3.28%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 289 (5.89%) DNS
2 269 (5.48%) Firewall
3 140 (2.85%) VPN
4 114 (2.32%) Network Security
5 105 (2.14%) TCP/IP
6 97 (1.98%) DHCP
7 82 (1.67%) HTTP
8 62 (1.26%) Internet
8 62 (1.26%) WAN
9 50 (1.02%) BGP
9 50 (1.02%) SSL
10 48 (0.98%) IPsec
11 39 (0.79%) FTP
12 38 (0.77%) LAN
13 37 (0.75%) IPv4
13 37 (0.75%) SD-WAN
14 32 (0.65%) SMTP
14 32 (0.65%) SSH
15 30 (0.61%) MPLS
16 22 (0.45%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 228 (4.65%) Amazon RDS
2 224 (4.56%) PostgreSQL
3 211 (4.30%) SQL Server
4 171 (3.48%) MySQL
5 159 (3.24%) MongoDB
6 154 (3.14%) Big Data
7 145 (2.95%) DynamoDB
8 140 (2.85%) NoSQL
9 101 (2.06%) Elasticsearch
10 100 (2.04%) Relational Database
11 91 (1.85%) Data Lake
12 87 (1.77%) BigQuery
13 75 (1.53%) Data Warehouse
14 65 (1.32%) Oracle Database
15 64 (1.30%) Amazon Redshift
16 60 (1.22%) Azure SQL Database
17 56 (1.14%) Hadoop
18 50 (1.02%) Redis
19 44 (0.90%) Power BI
20 43 (0.88%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,385 (28.22%) Jenkins
2 857 (17.46%) Git (software)
3 718 (14.63%) GitLab
4 467 (9.52%) JIRA
5 256 (5.22%) Maven
6 189 (3.85%) CircleCI
7 169 (3.44%) TeamCity
8 166 (3.38%) Artifactory
9 160 (3.26%) Sonatype Nexus
10 158 (3.22%) Gradle
11 156 (3.18%) SonarQube
12 93 (1.89%) Bitbucket
13 79 (1.61%) gulp
13 79 (1.61%) Travis CI
13 79 (1.61%) Visual Studio
14 73 (1.49%) Selenium
15 63 (1.28%) Cucumber
16 62 (1.26%) Team Foundation Server
17 58 (1.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 57 (1.16%) Spinnaker
General
1 828 (16.87%) Finance
2 577 (11.76%) Social Skills
3 469 (9.56%) Public Sector
4 255 (5.20%) Banking
5 227 (4.63%) Analytical Skills
6 125 (2.55%) Retail
7 92 (1.87%) Telecoms
8 59 (1.20%) Front Office
9 49 (1.00%) Presentation Skills
10 47 (0.96%) Documentation Skills
11 43 (0.88%) Legal
12 37 (0.75%) Financial Institution
12 37 (0.75%) Marketing
13 36 (0.73%) Influencing Skills
14 34 (0.69%) Investment Banking
15 32 (0.65%) Law
16 28 (0.57%) Games
16 28 (0.57%) Manufacturing
16 28 (0.57%) Publishing
17 26 (0.53%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 1,926 (39.24%) DevOps Engineer
2 752 (15.32%) AWS Engineer
3 687 (14.00%) Azure Engineer
4 628 (12.80%) Developer
5 497 (10.13%) Cloud Engineer
6 491 (10.00%) AWS DevOps
7 435 (8.86%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 353 (7.19%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 347 (7.07%) Architect
10 224 (4.56%) GCP Engineer
11 223 (4.54%) Platform Engineer
12 218 (4.44%) Data Engineer
13 213 (4.34%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 192 (3.91%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 174 (3.55%) Senior DevOps
16 148 (3.02%) Cloud Architect
16 148 (3.02%) Java Developer
16 148 (3.02%) Site Reliability Engineer
17 139 (2.83%) Senior DevOps Engineer
18 138 (2.81%) Azure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 397 (8.09%) Kafka
2 307 (6.26%) React
3 282 (5.75%) .NET
4 274 (5.58%) Node.js
5 197 (4.01%) REST
6 190 (3.87%) Elastic Stack
7 166 (3.38%) ARM Templates
7 166 (3.38%) Spring
8 154 (3.14%) YAML
9 130 (2.65%) HTML
10 128 (2.61%) CSS
11 126 (2.57%) JSON
12 118 (2.40%) Spring Boot
13 115 (2.34%) RESTful
14 104 (2.12%) .NET Core
15 98 (2.00%) AngularJS
16 76 (1.55%) HTML5
17 73 (1.49%) RabbitMQ
18 72 (1.47%) GraphQL
19 64 (1.30%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 381 (7.76%) Public Cloud
2 323 (6.58%) Cloud Native
3 270 (5.50%) Data Protection Act
4 198 (4.03%) Greenfield Project
5 160 (3.26%) Data Centre
6 110 (2.24%) PKI
7 106 (2.16%) Private Cloud
8 94 (1.92%) Linux Command Line
9 93 (1.89%) Hybrid Cloud
10 77 (1.57%) Self-Motivation
11 74 (1.51%) Virtual Team
12 73 (1.49%) Hedge funds
13 61 (1.24%) Clustering
14 58 (1.18%) Management Information System
15 52 (1.06%) NHS
16 47 (0.96%) Enterprise Software
16 47 (0.96%) Fixed Income
16 47 (0.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 42 (0.86%) iPad
18 41 (0.84%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 1,293 (26.34%) Linux
2 478 (9.74%) Windows
3 237 (4.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 215 (4.38%) Unix
5 151 (3.08%) Windows Server
6 130 (2.65%) CentOS
7 86 (1.75%) Ubuntu
8 58 (1.18%) VMS
9 50 (1.02%) Windows Server 2016
10 47 (0.96%) Windows Server 2019
11 31 (0.63%) Windows Server 2012
12 23 (0.47%) Debian
13 22 (0.45%) Amazon Linux
14 18 (0.37%) Android
15 17 (0.35%) Apple iOS
16 15 (0.31%) Solaris
16 15 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
17 13 (0.26%) Oracle Linux
18 11 (0.22%) Windows Server 2003
19 9 (0.18%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,294 (67.11%) DevOps
2 2,324 (47.35%) CI/CD
3 1,544 (31.46%) Agile
4 1,492 (30.40%) Infrastructure as Code
5 651 (13.26%) Microservices
6 538 (10.96%) Test Automation
7 496 (10.11%) Configuration Management
8 461 (9.39%) Continuous Integration
9 431 (8.78%) Scrum
10 421 (8.58%) Platform Engineering
11 418 (8.52%) Migration
12 411 (8.37%) Software Engineering
13 366 (7.46%) Problem-Solving
14 331 (6.74%) TDD
15 325 (6.62%) Data Protection
16 321 (6.54%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 288 (5.87%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 276 (5.62%) Continuous Delivery
19 275 (5.60%) Deployment Automation
20 266 (5.42%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,870 (38.10%) Python
2 827 (16.85%) Java
3 791 (16.12%) PowerShell
4 704 (14.34%) Bash
5 521 (10.62%) JavaScript
6 501 (10.21%) SQL
7 427 (8.70%) Go
8 305 (6.21%) C#
9 248 (5.05%) Ruby
10 246 (5.01%) TypeScript
11 199 (4.05%) Groovy
12 148 (3.02%) Shell Script
13 116 (2.36%) Scala
14 108 (2.20%) C
15 74 (1.51%) C++
16 73 (1.49%) Perl
17 62 (1.26%) Rust
18 34 (0.69%) Bicep
18 34 (0.69%) ES6
18 34 (0.69%) PHP
Qualifications
1 990 (20.17%) Security Cleared
2 898 (18.30%) SC Cleared
3 182 (3.71%) AWS Certification
4 122 (2.49%) Degree
5 96 (1.96%) DV Cleared
6 75 (1.53%) BPSS Clearance
7 34 (0.69%) Computer Science Degree
8 30 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
9 24 (0.49%) Cisco Certification
10 23 (0.47%) OCP
10 23 (0.47%) Oracle Certification
11 21 (0.43%) RHCE
12 20 (0.41%) ITIL Certification
13 16 (0.33%) CCNP
14 14 (0.29%) CISSP
15 13 (0.26%) MCSE
16 12 (0.24%) CCNA
17 10 (0.20%) CCIE
17 10 (0.20%) JNCIS
18 9 (0.18%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 104 (2.12%) QA
2 40 (0.81%) NCSC
3 36 (0.73%) GDPR
4 22 (0.45%) SLA
5 17 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 14 (0.29%) Data Quality
7 13 (0.26%) NIST
8 12 (0.24%) Accessibility
9 11 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
10 6 (0.12%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 4 (0.081%) PCI DSS
12 3 (0.061%) GLBA
12 3 (0.061%) MiFID
12 3 (0.061%) OASIS TOSCA
13 2 (0.041%) Cyber Essentials
13 2 (0.041%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 2 (0.041%) ISO 22301
13 2 (0.041%) ISO 9001
13 2 (0.041%) PMO
14 1 (0.020%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,685 (34.33%) Docker
2 218 (4.44%) Active Directory
3 211 (4.30%) VMware Infrastructure
4 105 (2.14%) Virtual Machines
5 60 (1.22%) vSphere
6 40 (0.81%) Hyper-V
7 28 (0.57%) NFS
8 25 (0.51%) VMware NSX
9 22 (0.45%) KVM
9 22 (0.45%) Virtual Desktop
10 21 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
11 20 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 19 (0.39%) Oracle RAC
13 12 (0.24%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
14 11 (0.22%) vCloud
15 10 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
16 9 (0.18%) Firmware
16 9 (0.18%) oVirt
16 9 (0.18%) XenApp
17 8 (0.16%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 2,412 (49.14%) Kubernetes
2 1,766 (35.98%) Ansible
3 468 (9.54%) Puppet
4 344 (7.01%) Opscode Chef
5 340 (6.93%) Prometheus
6 286 (5.83%) Packer
7 270 (5.50%) Grafana
8 172 (3.50%) Istio
9 149 (3.04%) Consul
10 102 (2.08%) Docker Swarm
11 72 (1.47%) ZABBIX
12 66 (1.34%) Kibana
13 57 (1.16%) HAProxy
14 52 (1.06%) Nagios
15 46 (0.94%) Rancher
16 44 (0.90%) Graphite
17 43 (0.88%) Salt
18 42 (0.86%) Active Directory Federation Services
19 41 (0.84%) Microsoft Intune
20 38 (0.77%) Argo
Vendors
1 631 (12.86%) Microsoft
2 379 (7.72%) Google
3 319 (6.50%) VMware
4 232 (4.73%) Splunk
5 189 (3.85%) Red Hat
6 184 (3.75%) Oracle
7 138 (2.81%) Databricks
8 93 (1.89%) Cisco
9 87 (1.77%) ServiceNow
10 84 (1.71%) AppDynamics
10 84 (1.71%) Dynatrace
11 61 (1.24%) New Relic
11 61 (1.24%) PagerDuty
12 53 (1.08%) Palo Alto
13 50 (1.02%) Citrix
14 48 (0.98%) SAP
15 44 (0.90%) Atlassian
16 40 (0.81%) IBM
16 40 (0.81%) NetApp
17 30 (0.61%) Juniper