Period
to 9 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 9 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
9 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 88 203 395
Rank change year-on-year +115 +192 +483
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,853 1,338 615
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.73% 1.31% 0.59%
As % of the Systems Management category 18.94% 11.04% 5.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,167 1,076 399
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £515
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +1.94% +4.30%
10th Percentile £425 £425 £406
90th Percentile £675 £650 £614
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 0
UK median hourly rate £90.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 15,064 12,123 11,769
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.44% 11.83% 11.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,140 8,205 7,506
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +9.09%
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
90th Percentile £650 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 390 285 271
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £20.73
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -15.58% +4.96%
10th Percentile £12.25 £10.89 £12.75
90th Percentile £47.01 £47.50 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £15.73 £21.63
% change year-on-year +11.25% -27.26% +13.64%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Terraform.

Contractor daily rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 9 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 9 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 9 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +113 2,729 £550 +3.29% 470
London +73 1,820 £575 +4.55% 277
UK excluding London +162 1,015 £525 +5.00% 215
North of England +147 392 £523 +4.60% 68
South East +56 220 £525 +5.00% 43
North West +89 194 £525 +5.00% 33
Yorkshire +78 129 £500 +2.56% 31
Midlands +39 120 £465 -5.82% 35
East of England +55 107 £553 +5.24% 20
Scotland +79 106 £700 +83.01% 10
West Midlands +7 84 £478 +0.53% 20
North East +51 76 £525 -6.67% 4
South West +6 68 £550 +12.24% 27
East Midlands +33 35 £415 -12.63% 15
Wales -28 26 £575 +18.86% 8
Northern Ireland - 1 £575 - 4

For the 6 months to 9 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 2,236 (78.37%) DevOps
2 1,851 (64.88%) Amazon AWS
3 1,573 (55.13%) Ansible
4 1,442 (50.54%) Docker
5 1,303 (45.67%) Linux
6 1,232 (43.18%) Jenkins
7 1,141 (39.99%) Kubernetes
8 1,090 (38.21%) Python
9 1,081 (37.89%) Agile Software Development
10 958 (33.58%) Puppet
11 829 (29.06%) Java
12 729 (25.55%) Opscode Chef
13 713 (24.99%) Microsoft Azure
14 554 (19.42%) Configuration Management
15 528 (18.51%) Git (software)
16 512 (17.95%) Microservices
17 508 (17.81%) Finance
18 470 (16.47%) Continuous Integration
19 439 (15.39%) AWS CloudFormation
20 434 (15.21%) Bash Shell
21 419 (14.69%) Windows
22 329 (11.53%) Ruby
23 328 (11.50%) Web Services
24 314 (11.01%) Security Cleared
25 307 (10.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
26 306 (10.73%) Continuous Delivery
27 296 (10.38%) Packer
28 286 (10.02%) Amazon EC2
29 269 (9.43%) Google Cloud Platform
30 263 (9.22%) Open Source

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 191 (6.69%) Elasticsearch
2 171 (5.99%) Confluence
3 93 (3.26%) nginx
4 89 (3.12%) Apache
5 58 (2.03%) Apache Spark
6 55 (1.93%) Cloud Foundry
7 43 (1.51%) OpenStack
8 39 (1.37%) Tomcat
9 31 (1.09%) IIS
10 28 (0.98%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 21 (0.74%) Apache Solr
12 18 (0.63%) WebSphere
13 15 (0.53%) Gunicorn
13 15 (0.53%) WebLogic
14 13 (0.46%) JBoss
14 13 (0.46%) Jetty
14 13 (0.46%) Mongrel
15 10 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
15 10 (0.35%) MS Exchange
16 7 (0.25%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 8 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
1 8 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.11%) HipChat
3 2 (0.070%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.070%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.035%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.035%) Shockwave
4 1 (0.035%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
2 7 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
2 7 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
3 6 (0.21%) Sentinel
4 3 (0.11%) Magento
5 2 (0.070%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.070%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.070%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.035%) Exstream
6 1 (0.035%) R3 Corda
6 1 (0.035%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,851 (64.88%) Amazon AWS
2 713 (24.99%) Microsoft Azure
3 439 (15.39%) AWS CloudFormation
4 286 (10.02%) Amazon EC2
5 269 (9.43%) Google Cloud Platform
6 243 (8.52%) Amazon S3
7 240 (8.41%) Serverless
8 189 (6.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 181 (6.34%) AWS Lambda
10 162 (5.68%) PaaS
11 140 (4.91%) GitHub
12 133 (4.66%) Amazon ELB
13 124 (4.35%) IaaS
14 113 (3.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 113 (3.96%) OpenShift
15 107 (3.75%) Route 53
16 97 (3.40%) SaaS
17 61 (2.14%) Datadog
18 53 (1.86%) Cloud Computing
19 43 (1.51%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 131 (4.59%) Firewall
2 112 (3.93%) HTTP
3 84 (2.94%) DNS
4 68 (2.38%) TCP/IP
5 55 (1.93%) VPN
6 38 (1.33%) SSL
7 24 (0.84%) DSL
8 23 (0.81%) SSH
9 21 (0.74%) Kerberos
10 20 (0.70%) Network Security
11 18 (0.63%) OpenVPN
12 17 (0.60%) Internet
13 13 (0.46%) DHCP
14 11 (0.39%) ICMP
15 10 (0.35%) OpenLDAP
16 9 (0.32%) IPsec
16 9 (0.32%) NetScaler
16 9 (0.32%) Unicast
17 8 (0.28%) Cisco ASA
17 8 (0.28%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 261 (9.15%) Hadoop
2 221 (7.75%) PostgreSQL
3 209 (7.33%) MongoDB
4 203 (7.12%) MySQL
5 146 (5.12%) Big Data
6 142 (4.98%) Amazon RDS
7 120 (4.21%) NoSQL
8 117 (4.10%) Apache Cassandra
9 99 (3.47%) SQL Server
10 78 (2.73%) Redis
11 70 (2.45%) Relational Database
12 47 (1.65%) Amazon Redshift
13 44 (1.54%) Apache Hive
13 44 (1.54%) HBase
14 30 (1.05%) RDBMS
14 30 (1.05%) Riak
15 27 (0.95%) Neo4j
16 24 (0.84%) Blockchain
17 20 (0.70%) Oracle Database
18 19 (0.67%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,232 (43.18%) Jenkins
2 528 (18.51%) Git (software)
3 227 (7.96%) Maven
4 217 (7.61%) JIRA
5 195 (6.83%) GitLab
6 161 (5.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 133 (4.66%) Sonatype Nexus
8 129 (4.52%) Artifactory
9 112 (3.93%) Vagrant
10 111 (3.89%) Bitbucket
11 97 (3.40%) TeamCity
12 89 (3.12%) SonarQube
13 84 (2.94%) Selenium
14 77 (2.70%) Cucumber
15 76 (2.66%) CircleCI
16 69 (2.42%) Gradle
17 67 (2.35%) Travis CI
18 62 (2.17%) Visual Studio Team System
19 57 (2.00%) Octopus Deploy
20 51 (1.79%) Subversion
General
1 508 (17.81%) Finance
2 138 (4.84%) Banking
3 94 (3.29%) Retail
4 63 (2.21%) Marketing
5 59 (2.07%) Telecoms
6 51 (1.79%) Front Office
7 44 (1.54%) Electronics
7 44 (1.54%) Law
7 44 (1.54%) Manufacturing
8 32 (1.12%) Financial Institution
9 22 (0.77%) Advertising
10 19 (0.67%) Publishing
11 16 (0.56%) Legal
12 12 (0.42%) Games
13 9 (0.32%) Retail Banking
14 7 (0.25%) Back Office
15 6 (0.21%) French Language
15 6 (0.21%) German Language
16 3 (0.11%) Automotive
16 3 (0.11%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 1,558 (54.61%) DevOps Engineer
2 674 (23.62%) AWS Engineer
3 591 (20.72%) AWS DevOps
4 538 (18.86%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 335 (11.74%) Developer
6 196 (6.87%) Cloud Engineer
7 182 (6.38%) Java Developer
8 174 (6.10%) Senior DevOps
9 165 (5.78%) Consultant
10 161 (5.64%) Architect
11 157 (5.50%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 145 (5.08%) Azure Engineer
13 135 (4.73%) Azure DevOps
14 126 (4.42%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 113 (3.96%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 108 (3.79%) DevOps Consultant
17 107 (3.75%) Python Engineer
18 101 (3.54%) Platform Engineer
19 95 (3.33%) Linux/Unix DevOps
20 94 (3.29%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 328 (11.50%) Web Services
2 255 (8.94%) Node.js
3 240 (8.41%) Elastic Stack
4 158 (5.54%) Kafka
5 153 (5.36%) React
6 147 (5.15%) Spring
7 119 (4.17%) REST
8 115 (4.03%) AngularJS
9 113 (3.96%) Spring Boot
10 112 (3.93%) RESTful
11 97 (3.40%) .NET
12 79 (2.77%) J2EE
13 72 (2.52%) Hibernate
14 67 (2.35%) JSON
15 63 (2.21%) CSS
15 63 (2.21%) RabbitMQ
16 49 (1.72%) X-Windows
17 44 (1.54%) HTML
18 40 (1.40%) Middleware
18 40 (1.40%) Sensu
Miscellaneous
1 231 (8.10%) Greenfield Project
2 149 (5.22%) Public Cloud
3 110 (3.86%) Cloud Native
4 74 (2.59%) Linux Command Line
5 63 (2.21%) Data Centre
6 57 (2.00%) Fintech
7 54 (1.89%) Hybrid Cloud
8 43 (1.51%) Analytical Skills
9 36 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
10 33 (1.16%) Management Information System
11 28 (0.98%) Mobile App
11 28 (0.98%) Self-Motivation
12 27 (0.95%) PKI
12 27 (0.95%) Private Cloud
13 26 (0.91%) Hedge funds
14 25 (0.88%) Algorithms
15 21 (0.74%) User Experience
16 15 (0.53%) Video\Live Streaming
17 14 (0.49%) Blog
17 14 (0.49%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 1,303 (45.67%) Linux
2 419 (14.69%) Windows
3 307 (10.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 251 (8.80%) CentOS
5 229 (8.03%) Unix
6 127 (4.45%) Windows Server
7 78 (2.73%) Ubuntu
8 33 (1.16%) Debian
9 27 (0.95%) Apple iOS
10 24 (0.84%) Android
11 16 (0.56%) Mesosphere
12 15 (0.53%) DC/OS
12 15 (0.53%) Windows Server 2008
13 13 (0.46%) Fedora
13 13 (0.46%) VMS
14 8 (0.28%) CoreOS
15 6 (0.21%) Solaris
16 5 (0.18%) Amazon Linux
17 3 (0.11%) Windows 2000 Server
17 3 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,236 (78.37%) DevOps
2 1,081 (37.89%) Agile Software Development
3 554 (19.42%) Configuration Management
4 512 (17.95%) Microservices
5 470 (16.47%) Continuous Integration
6 306 (10.73%) Continuous Delivery
7 263 (9.22%) Open Source
8 258 (9.04%) TDD
9 240 (8.41%) Migration
9 240 (8.41%) Software Engineering
10 208 (7.29%) Test Automation
11 189 (6.62%) Scrum
12 188 (6.59%) Deployment Automation
13 154 (5.40%) BDD
14 151 (5.29%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 111 (3.89%) Continuous Deployment
16 107 (3.75%) Problem-Solving
17 98 (3.43%) Mentoring
18 93 (3.26%) Pair Programming
19 87 (3.05%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1,090 (38.21%) Python
2 829 (29.06%) Java
3 434 (15.21%) Bash Shell
4 329 (11.53%) Ruby
5 239 (8.38%) PowerShell
6 236 (8.27%) JavaScript
7 214 (7.50%) Go
8 173 (6.06%) SQL
9 171 (5.99%) Groovy
10 158 (5.54%) Java 8
10 158 (5.54%) Perl
11 97 (3.40%) Shell Script
12 75 (2.63%) Scala
13 74 (2.59%) C#
14 68 (2.38%) PHP
15 62 (2.17%) C++
16 44 (1.54%) ES6
17 39 (1.37%) TypeScript
18 35 (1.23%) C
19 25 (0.88%) R
Qualifications
1 314 (11.01%) Security Cleared
2 217 (7.61%) SC Cleared
3 108 (3.79%) AWS Certification
4 71 (2.49%) Degree
5 49 (1.72%) Computer Science Degree
6 23 (0.81%) CISSP
7 22 (0.77%) CISM
8 17 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
9 10 (0.35%) RHCE
10 8 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
11 6 (0.21%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
12 5 (0.18%) DV Cleared
12 5 (0.18%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.14%) DBS Check
13 4 (0.14%) MCSE
14 3 (0.11%) BC Cleared
14 3 (0.11%) MCSA
15 2 (0.070%) IRCA
15 2 (0.070%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (2.73%) QA
2 38 (1.33%) GDPR
3 19 (0.67%) FINRA
4 9 (0.32%) Data Quality
5 8 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (0.18%) PMO
7 4 (0.14%) SLA
8 3 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.11%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.070%) HL7
9 2 (0.070%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 2 (0.070%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.070%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.035%) BS25999
10 1 (0.035%) FedRAMP
10 1 (0.035%) FISMA
10 1 (0.035%) HIPAA
System Software
1 1,442 (50.54%) Docker
2 107 (3.75%) Active Directory
3 90 (3.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 73 (2.56%) Virtual Machines
5 30 (1.05%) VirtualBox
6 28 (0.98%) Hyper-V
7 18 (0.63%) HDFS
8 13 (0.46%) NFS
8 13 (0.46%) Xen
9 10 (0.35%) RHEV
10 9 (0.32%) etcd
10 9 (0.32%) oVirt
10 9 (0.32%) Postfix
10 9 (0.32%) Squid
10 9 (0.32%) vCloud
11 8 (0.28%) KVM
12 6 (0.21%) flannel
12 6 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
12 6 (0.21%) XenDesktop
13 4 (0.14%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1,573 (55.13%) Ansible
2 1,141 (39.99%) Kubernetes
3 958 (33.58%) Puppet
4 729 (25.55%) Opscode Chef
5 296 (10.38%) Packer
6 112 (3.93%) Salt
7 109 (3.82%) Grafana
8 108 (3.79%) Nagios
9 106 (3.72%) Prometheus
10 98 (3.43%) Consul
11 95 (3.33%) Kibana
12 84 (2.94%) Mesos
13 74 (2.59%) Docker Swarm
13 74 (2.59%) logstash
14 63 (2.21%) Rancher
15 60 (2.10%) ZABBIX
16 22 (0.77%) Graphite
17 20 (0.70%) Graylog
17 20 (0.70%) Sysdig
18 15 (0.53%) Marathon
Vendors
1 210 (7.36%) Google
2 201 (7.05%) Red Hat
3 172 (6.03%) Microsoft
4 135 (4.73%) VMware
5 134 (4.70%) Splunk
6 114 (4.00%) Oracle
7 100 (3.51%) New Relic
8 74 (2.59%) Atlassian
9 69 (2.42%) Black Duck
10 56 (1.96%) Cloudera
11 55 (1.93%) SAP
12 45 (1.58%) SaltStack
13 42 (1.47%) AppDynamics
14 35 (1.23%) Hortonworks
14 35 (1.23%) hybris
15 31 (1.09%) Citrix
16 30 (1.05%) Cisco
17 29 (1.02%) Adobe
18 25 (0.88%) PagerDuty
19 24 (0.84%) McAfee