Period
to 24 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 24 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
24 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 73 115 246
Rank change year-on-year +42 +131 +284
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,859 2,322 1,008
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.16% 2.26% 1.05%
As % of the Systems Management category 21.31% 16.48% 9.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,957 1,751 790
UK median daily rate £565 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.73% +4.76% +2.44%
10th Percentile £450 £425 £416
90th Percentile £700 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £538 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +7.50% +5.26% +2.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 1 0
UK median hourly rate £52.00 £65.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.00% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 13,418 14,090 11,033
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.85% 13.69% 11.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,983 9,435 7,301
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £280 £278 £263
90th Percentile £672 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +5.73%
Number of hourly rates quoted 324 393 255
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £19.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.53% +8.57% -23.91%
10th Percentile £12.10 £12.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £50.53 £47.00 £47.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.75 £17.50 £16.00
% change year-on-year +7.14% +9.38% -39.62%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Terraform.

Contractor daily rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 24 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 24 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 24 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +40 2,691 £575 +4.55% 574
London +26 1,671 £600 +6.19% 340
UK excluding London +66 1,133 £538 +7.50% 264
North of England +6 294 £538 +9.97% 66
South East +19 234 £531 +3.51% 68
Midlands +116 199 £513 +8.00% 36
North West +26 166 £550 +11.68% 39
South West +65 160 £575 +15.00% 38
West Midlands +92 143 £550 +12.24% 28
East of England +33 114 £520 +4.00% 26
Scotland +76 100 £525 +2.44% 26
Yorkshire -18 90 £500 - 23
East Midlands +53 56 £500 +11.11% 8
North East -9 36 £500 +11.11% 4
Wales +22 33 £475 -15.56% 4
Northern Ireland +4 1 £425 -26.09%

For the 6 months to 24 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 2,280 (79.75%) DevOps
2 1,933 (67.61%) AWS
3 1,517 (53.06%) Ansible
4 1,342 (46.94%) Docker
5 1,310 (45.82%) Kubernetes
6 1,198 (41.90%) Linux
7 1,144 (40.01%) Jenkins
8 1,091 (38.16%) Agile Software Development
9 1,073 (37.53%) Python
10 803 (28.09%) Java
11 800 (27.98%) Azure
12 706 (24.69%) Puppet
13 669 (23.40%) Infrastructure as Code
14 626 (21.90%) Git (software)
15 540 (18.89%) AWS CloudFormation
16 532 (18.61%) Finance
17 503 (17.59%) Microservices
18 491 (17.17%) Configuration Management
19 477 (16.68%) Bash Shell
20 471 (16.47%) GCP
21 462 (16.16%) Continuous Integration
22 458 (16.02%) Opscode Chef
23 423 (14.80%) Serverless
24 421 (14.73%) Amazon EC2
25 407 (14.24%) Amazon S3
26 372 (13.01%) Security Cleared
27 368 (12.87%) AWS Lambda
28 355 (12.42%) Web Services
29 349 (12.21%) JIRA
30 347 (12.14%) Scrum

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 217 (7.59%) Confluence
2 139 (4.86%) Apache
3 131 (4.58%) Elasticsearch
4 113 (3.95%) nginx
5 90 (3.15%) Apache Spark
6 55 (1.92%) Tomcat
7 34 (1.19%) IIS
8 26 (0.91%) OpenStack
9 21 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
10 18 (0.63%) Apache Airflow
10 18 (0.63%) SharePoint
10 18 (0.63%) WebSphere
11 17 (0.59%) SAS
12 15 (0.52%) Jetty
13 10 (0.35%) CMS
13 10 (0.35%) JBoss
13 10 (0.35%) Mongrel
14 8 (0.28%) Apache Pig
14 8 (0.28%) Apache Solr
15 7 (0.24%) Anypoint
Applications
1 12 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.10%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (0.24%) Magento
2 6 (0.21%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 4 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.070%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.070%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.070%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.035%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.035%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 1,933 (67.61%) AWS
2 800 (27.98%) Azure
3 540 (18.89%) AWS CloudFormation
4 471 (16.47%) GCP
5 423 (14.80%) Serverless
6 421 (14.73%) Amazon EC2
7 407 (14.24%) Amazon S3
8 368 (12.87%) AWS Lambda
9 271 (9.48%) Amazon ECS
10 217 (7.59%) OpenShift
11 174 (6.09%) Amazon SQS
12 172 (6.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 170 (5.95%) GitHub
14 164 (5.74%) PaaS
15 147 (5.14%) IaaS
15 147 (5.14%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 135 (4.72%) Route 53
17 101 (3.53%) Amazon ELB
18 91 (3.18%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
19 80 (2.80%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 118 (4.13%) Firewall
2 110 (3.85%) VPN
3 105 (3.67%) HTTP
4 74 (2.59%) DNS
5 69 (2.41%) TCP/IP
6 49 (1.71%) SSL
7 35 (1.22%) FTP
8 33 (1.15%) Network Security
9 26 (0.91%) Intrusion Detection
9 26 (0.91%) WAN
10 24 (0.84%) Internet
11 22 (0.77%) Kerberos
12 14 (0.49%) DHCP
13 12 (0.42%) IPsec
14 10 (0.35%) Skype
15 9 (0.31%) AMQP
15 9 (0.31%) DSL
16 5 (0.17%) HTTPS
16 5 (0.17%) NetScaler
16 5 (0.17%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 342 (11.96%) Amazon RDS
2 260 (9.09%) Big Data
3 206 (7.21%) MySQL
4 154 (5.39%) Amazon Redshift
5 150 (5.25%) PostgreSQL
6 137 (4.79%) Hadoop
7 114 (3.99%) SQL Server
8 111 (3.88%) NoSQL
9 107 (3.74%) MongoDB
10 92 (3.22%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 86 (3.01%) Relational Database
12 75 (2.62%) Apache Cassandra
13 53 (1.85%) Redis
14 49 (1.71%) RDBMS
15 47 (1.64%) BigQuery
16 41 (1.43%) MariaDB
17 36 (1.26%) Data Warehouse
18 34 (1.19%) Amazon Aurora
19 31 (1.08%) Oracle Database
20 30 (1.05%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,144 (40.01%) Jenkins
2 626 (21.90%) Git (software)
3 349 (12.21%) JIRA
4 284 (9.93%) GitLab
5 268 (9.37%) Artifactory
6 142 (4.97%) Bitbucket
7 116 (4.06%) Sonatype Nexus
8 101 (3.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 99 (3.46%) SonarQube
10 98 (3.43%) Maven
11 90 (3.15%) Visual Studio Team System
12 85 (2.97%) CircleCI
13 81 (2.83%) TeamCity
14 79 (2.76%) RStudio
15 63 (2.20%) Travis CI
16 46 (1.61%) Selenium
17 43 (1.50%) Vagrant
18 34 (1.19%) Cucumber
19 32 (1.12%) Gradle
20 28 (0.98%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 532 (18.61%) Finance
2 169 (5.91%) Public Sector
3 132 (4.62%) Banking
4 86 (3.01%) Retail
5 81 (2.83%) Front Office
6 43 (1.50%) Telecoms
7 35 (1.22%) Games
8 31 (1.08%) Law
8 31 (1.08%) Marketing
9 26 (0.91%) Financial Institution
10 25 (0.87%) Manufacturing
11 19 (0.66%) Electronics
12 18 (0.63%) Advertising
12 18 (0.63%) Legal
13 14 (0.49%) Investment Banking
14 13 (0.45%) Publishing
15 8 (0.28%) Retail Banking
16 7 (0.24%) Billing
17 5 (0.17%) German Language
17 5 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,469 (51.38%) DevOps Engineer
2 591 (20.67%) AWS Engineer
3 473 (16.54%) AWS DevOps
4 450 (15.74%) Developer
5 399 (13.96%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 365 (12.77%) Cloud Engineer
7 182 (6.37%) AWS Developer
8 174 (6.09%) Azure Engineer
9 173 (6.05%) Senior DevOps
10 160 (5.60%) Architect
11 153 (5.35%) Java Developer
12 150 (5.25%) Platform Engineer
13 148 (5.18%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 141 (4.93%) Azure DevOps
15 126 (4.41%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 124 (4.34%) Kubernetes Engineer
17 101 (3.53%) Senior Developer
18 94 (3.29%) Consultant
19 88 (3.08%) Data Engineer
20 87 (3.04%) Lead DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 355 (12.42%) Web Services
2 286 (10.00%) Node.js
3 255 (8.92%) Kafka
4 166 (5.81%) J2EE
5 165 (5.77%) Elastic Stack
6 137 (4.79%) .NET
7 131 (4.58%) Spring
8 127 (4.44%) AngularJS
9 105 (3.67%) React
10 94 (3.29%) RESTful
11 74 (2.59%) REST
12 73 (2.55%) Spring Boot
13 53 (1.85%) RabbitMQ
14 50 (1.75%) J2SE
15 49 (1.71%) JSON
16 48 (1.68%) LDAP
17 44 (1.54%) Vue.js
18 34 (1.19%) CSS
19 32 (1.12%) Hibernate
20 31 (1.08%) HTML
Miscellaneous
1 195 (6.82%) Public Cloud
2 149 (5.21%) Cloud Native
3 109 (3.81%) Data Centre
4 107 (3.74%) Greenfield Project
5 81 (2.83%) Fixed Income
6 65 (2.27%) Data Protection Act
7 56 (1.96%) Linux Command Line
8 45 (1.57%) Hybrid Cloud
9 44 (1.54%) Analytical Skills
10 39 (1.36%) Mobile App
11 35 (1.22%) Enterprise Software
12 33 (1.15%) PKI
13 26 (0.91%) Clustering
14 25 (0.87%) Private Cloud
15 15 (0.52%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 15 (0.52%) Enterprise Cloud
16 14 (0.49%) Data Structures
16 14 (0.49%) Self-Motivation
17 13 (0.45%) Analytical Mindset
17 13 (0.45%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 1,198 (41.90%) Linux
2 271 (9.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 253 (8.85%) Windows
4 228 (7.97%) CentOS
5 165 (5.77%) Unix
6 66 (2.31%) Ubuntu
7 56 (1.96%) Windows Server
8 34 (1.19%) CoreOS
9 23 (0.80%) Apple iOS
10 21 (0.73%) Android
11 11 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
12 10 (0.35%) Debian
13 7 (0.24%) Mesosphere
13 7 (0.24%) Solaris
14 5 (0.17%) Fedora
14 5 (0.17%) Windows 10
15 4 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
16 3 (0.10%) VMS
17 2 (0.070%) Amazon Linux
17 2 (0.070%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,280 (79.75%) DevOps
2 1,091 (38.16%) Agile Software Development
3 669 (23.40%) Infrastructure as Code
4 503 (17.59%) Microservices
5 491 (17.17%) Configuration Management
6 462 (16.16%) Continuous Integration
7 347 (12.14%) Scrum
8 332 (11.61%) Software Engineering
9 305 (10.67%) Migration
10 259 (9.06%) Open Source
11 195 (6.82%) Continuous Delivery
12 187 (6.54%) Test Automation
13 181 (6.33%) TDD
14 161 (5.63%) Deployment Automation
15 156 (5.46%) Kanban
16 153 (5.35%) Asset Management
17 141 (4.93%) Problem-Solving
18 135 (4.72%) Mentoring
19 128 (4.48%) DevSecOps
20 122 (4.27%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,073 (37.53%) Python
2 803 (28.09%) Java
3 477 (16.68%) Bash Shell
4 316 (11.05%) JavaScript
5 242 (8.46%) Ruby
6 238 (8.32%) PowerShell
7 214 (7.49%) Go
8 202 (7.07%) SQL
9 146 (5.11%) Shell Script
10 115 (4.02%) Java 8
11 83 (2.90%) Perl
12 82 (2.87%) Scala
13 80 (2.80%) Groovy
13 80 (2.80%) PHP
14 72 (2.52%) C#
15 61 (2.13%) TypeScript
16 33 (1.15%) ES6
17 31 (1.08%) Rust
18 22 (0.77%) C
19 19 (0.66%) C++
Qualifications
1 372 (13.01%) Security Cleared
2 307 (10.74%) SC Cleared
3 138 (4.83%) AWS Certification
4 46 (1.61%) Degree
5 21 (0.73%) BPSS Clearance
6 20 (0.70%) Computer Science Degree
7 19 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
8 11 (0.38%) CCA
8 11 (0.38%) DBS Check
8 11 (0.38%) MCSA
9 10 (0.35%) DV Cleared
9 10 (0.35%) ISEB
9 10 (0.35%) ISTQB
9 10 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 10 (0.35%) RHCE
10 9 (0.31%) RHCSA
11 8 (0.28%) CTC Cleared
12 7 (0.24%) TOGAF Certification
13 6 (0.21%) Master's Degree
14 3 (0.10%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (2.27%) QA
2 31 (1.08%) NIST
3 30 (1.05%) NCSC
4 9 (0.31%) GDPR
5 7 (0.24%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
6 6 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 6 (0.21%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.070%) SLA
8 1 (0.035%) COBIT
8 1 (0.035%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 1 (0.035%) PMO
8 1 (0.035%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,342 (46.94%) Docker
2 115 (4.02%) Active Directory
3 52 (1.82%) VMware Infrastructure
4 43 (1.50%) Virtual Machines
5 26 (0.91%) Hyper-V
6 22 (0.77%) HDFS
7 13 (0.45%) Xen
8 12 (0.42%) NFS
9 11 (0.38%) Virtual Desktop
10 9 (0.31%) PowerDNS
10 9 (0.31%) XenApp
11 8 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 7 (0.24%) KVM
13 6 (0.21%) Apache Flume
13 6 (0.21%) VirtualBox
13 6 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
14 5 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
14 5 (0.17%) Snort
14 5 (0.17%) vSphere
14 5 (0.17%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 1,517 (53.06%) Ansible
2 1,310 (45.82%) Kubernetes
3 706 (24.69%) Puppet
4 458 (16.02%) Opscode Chef
5 284 (9.93%) Packer
6 169 (5.91%) Consul
7 114 (3.99%) Prometheus
8 89 (3.11%) Grafana
9 62 (2.17%) Salt
10 56 (1.96%) Docker Swarm
11 49 (1.71%) Kibana
12 45 (1.57%) logstash
12 45 (1.57%) Nagios
13 30 (1.05%) ZABBIX
14 29 (1.01%) Mesos
14 29 (1.01%) Rancher
15 27 (0.94%) Graphite
16 23 (0.80%) HAProxy
17 21 (0.73%) SCCM
18 16 (0.56%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 281 (9.83%) Google
2 184 (6.44%) Red Hat
3 165 (5.77%) Microsoft
4 134 (4.69%) Splunk
5 86 (3.01%) Atlassian
6 85 (2.97%) Oracle
7 84 (2.94%) VMware
8 70 (2.45%) New Relic
9 66 (2.31%) Cloudera
10 47 (1.64%) Hortonworks
11 36 (1.26%) SaltStack
12 33 (1.15%) SAP
12 33 (1.15%) Veracode
13 22 (0.77%) AppDynamics
14 20 (0.70%) MuleSoft
15 19 (0.66%) Black Duck
15 19 (0.66%) Citrix
16 18 (0.63%) IBM
17 15 (0.52%) ServiceNow
18 14 (0.49%) Databricks