Period
to 21 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 21 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 37 70 87
Rank change year-on-year +33 +17 +121
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,179 2,284 2,807
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.20% 3.13% 2.84%
As % of the Systems Management category 31.22% 21.58% 19.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,363 1,735 2,144
Median daily rate £525 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.70% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £400 £441 £425
90th Percentile £675 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £490 £525 £525
% change year-on-year -6.67% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 2 2
Median hourly rate £40.00 £36.25 £90.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.34% -59.72% -
10th Percentile £39.13 £26.28 £85.00
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.63 £95.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.75 £36.25 -
% change year-on-year +12.41% - -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 6,979 10,582 14,496
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.65% 14.51% 14.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,885 7,298 9,881
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £313 £263 £306
90th Percentile £656 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 149 280 343
Median hourly rate £24.40 £18.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +35.56% +2.86% +2.13%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.72 £12.25
90th Percentile £61.39 £48.79 £46.67
Median hourly rate £22.75 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +30.00% - +11.39%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 21 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 21 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +24 1,702 £525 -8.70% 721
London +19 1,050 £525 -12.50% 354
Work from Home +31 850 £525 -4.55% 169
UK excluding London +43 610 £490 -6.67% 403
North of England +32 208 £500 -4.76% 170
South East +76 152 £500 -4.76% 71
North West +32 121 £500 -9.09% 111
South West +34 83 £463 -19.57% 46
Scotland +45 56 £500 - 23
Yorkshire +27 53 £459 -11.83% 51
East of England +16 46 £450 -14.29% 28
Wales +26 34 £500 +11.11% 14
North East +44 33 £500 +36.99% 8
Midlands -23 30 £450 -10.00% 46
West Midlands -23 23 £450 -13.88% 28
East Midlands +3 6 £405 -10.00% 18
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 5

For the 6 months to 21 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,499 (68.79%) DevOps
2 1,200 (55.07%) AWS
3 1,088 (49.93%) Kubernetes
4 912 (41.85%) Azure
5 873 (40.06%) Python
6 869 (39.88%) Docker
7 845 (38.78%) Ansible
8 695 (31.90%) Agile Software Development
9 621 (28.50%) Infrastructure as Code
10 617 (28.32%) Jenkins
11 588 (26.98%) Linux
12 553 (25.38%) Java
13 384 (17.62%) Git (software)
14 382 (17.53%) Security Cleared
15 364 (16.70%) Node.js
16 360 (16.52%) GCP
17 352 (16.15%) Finance
18 351 (16.11%) Microservices
19 346 (15.88%) Serverless
20 341 (15.65%) Bash Shell
21 330 (15.14%) JavaScript
22 328 (15.05%) SC Cleared
23 313 (14.36%) PowerShell
24 311 (14.27%) Software Engineering
25 287 (13.17%) GitLab
26 256 (11.75%) Web Services
27 249 (11.43%) Windows
28 244 (11.20%) Puppet
29 240 (11.01%) React
30 233 (10.69%) AWS CloudFormation

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 97 (4.45%) Apache
2 88 (4.04%) Confluence
3 82 (3.76%) Elasticsearch
4 71 (3.26%) Apache Spark
5 65 (2.98%) nginx
6 31 (1.42%) Cloud Foundry
7 28 (1.28%) OpenStack
8 21 (0.96%) Apache Airflow
9 15 (0.69%) IIS
9 15 (0.69%) Tomcat
10 11 (0.50%) Jupyter
11 9 (0.41%) SharePoint
11 9 (0.41%) WebSphere
12 8 (0.37%) JBoss
13 6 (0.28%) Appian
13 6 (0.28%) IBM Domino
13 6 (0.28%) MS Exchange
13 6 (0.28%) WebSphere Application Server
14 4 (0.18%) Apache Synapse
14 4 (0.18%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 8 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.28%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.18%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 6 (0.28%) Sentinel
2 4 (0.18%) Maximo
3 2 (0.092%) Magento
3 2 (0.092%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.092%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.046%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.046%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.046%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,200 (55.07%) AWS
2 912 (41.85%) Azure
3 360 (16.52%) GCP
4 346 (15.88%) Serverless
5 233 (10.69%) AWS CloudFormation
6 232 (10.65%) AWS Lambda
7 205 (9.41%) GitHub
8 194 (8.90%) PaaS
9 184 (8.44%) Amazon EKS
9 184 (8.44%) Amazon S3
10 131 (6.01%) IaaS
11 120 (5.51%) Amazon EC2
12 107 (4.91%) Amazon ECS
13 106 (4.86%) Amazon SQS
14 96 (4.41%) OpenShift
15 87 (3.99%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 78 (3.58%) AWS Step Functions
17 66 (3.03%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 66 (3.03%) SaaS
18 64 (2.94%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 122 (5.60%) Firewall
2 91 (4.18%) DNS
3 42 (1.93%) VPN
4 26 (1.19%) Network Security
4 26 (1.19%) Reverse Proxy
5 22 (1.01%) HTTP
6 21 (0.96%) VLAN
7 20 (0.92%) TCP/IP
8 18 (0.83%) WAN
9 16 (0.73%) DHCP
9 16 (0.73%) SNMP
10 14 (0.64%) Internet
11 12 (0.55%) SSL
11 12 (0.55%) VSAN
12 11 (0.50%) SAN
12 11 (0.50%) SSH
13 10 (0.46%) AMQP
13 10 (0.46%) LAN
14 8 (0.37%) Cisco ASA
15 7 (0.32%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 169 (7.76%) Amazon RDS
2 141 (6.47%) PostgreSQL
3 117 (5.37%) Big Data
4 113 (5.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 106 (4.86%) SQL Server
6 73 (3.35%) Azure SQL Database
6 73 (3.35%) MySQL
7 71 (3.26%) BigQuery
8 59 (2.71%) MongoDB
9 58 (2.66%) Cosmos DB
10 56 (2.57%) NoSQL
11 52 (2.39%) Relational Database
12 49 (2.25%) Hadoop
13 39 (1.79%) Data Lake
14 36 (1.65%) Apache Ignite
15 30 (1.38%) Data Warehouse
16 29 (1.33%) Amazon Redshift
17 28 (1.28%) Redis
18 26 (1.19%) Cloud Spanner
19 23 (1.06%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 617 (28.32%) Jenkins
2 384 (17.62%) Git (software)
3 287 (13.17%) GitLab
4 136 (6.24%) JIRA
5 125 (5.74%) Maven
6 85 (3.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 80 (3.67%) Artifactory
7 80 (3.67%) CircleCI
8 73 (3.35%) Bitbucket
9 70 (3.21%) TeamCity
10 66 (3.03%) Gradle
11 60 (2.75%) Selenium
11 60 (2.75%) SonarQube
12 58 (2.66%) gulp
13 48 (2.20%) Travis CI
13 48 (2.20%) Visual Studio Team System
14 43 (1.97%) Sonatype Nexus
15 39 (1.79%) Cucumber
16 36 (1.65%) Vagrant
17 34 (1.56%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 352 (16.15%) Finance
2 199 (9.13%) Public Sector
3 166 (7.62%) Front Office
4 113 (5.19%) Banking
5 51 (2.34%) Marketing
6 41 (1.88%) Telecoms
7 38 (1.74%) Retail
8 28 (1.28%) Billing
9 26 (1.19%) Manufacturing
10 22 (1.01%) Electronics
11 16 (0.73%) Retail Banking
12 13 (0.60%) Investment Banking
13 10 (0.46%) Advertising
14 9 (0.41%) German Language
15 6 (0.28%) Law
16 5 (0.23%) Financial Institution
17 4 (0.18%) Corporate Banking
17 4 (0.18%) Games
17 4 (0.18%) Publishing
17 4 (0.18%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 895 (41.07%) DevOps Engineer
2 447 (20.51%) Developer
3 333 (15.28%) AWS Engineer
4 297 (13.63%) Azure Engineer
5 291 (13.35%) AWS DevOps
6 251 (11.52%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 187 (8.58%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 185 (8.49%) Cloud Engineer
9 159 (7.30%) Architect
10 138 (6.33%) Azure DevOps
11 124 (5.69%) React Developer
12 121 (5.55%) AWS Developer
13 109 (5.00%) Senior DevOps
14 104 (4.77%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 89 (4.08%) Full Stack Developer
16 85 (3.90%) Python Developer
17 83 (3.81%) Kubernetes Engineer
18 78 (3.58%) Platform Engineer
19 72 (3.30%) Data Engineer
20 61 (2.80%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 364 (16.70%) Node.js
2 256 (11.75%) Web Services
3 240 (11.01%) React
4 167 (7.66%) Kafka
5 154 (7.07%) REST
6 140 (6.42%) .NET
7 127 (5.83%) Elastic Stack
8 100 (4.59%) Spring
9 79 (3.63%) Spring Boot
10 77 (3.53%) RESTful
11 63 (2.89%) gRPC
12 55 (2.52%) .NET Core
13 53 (2.43%) AngularJS
14 52 (2.39%) SOAP
15 50 (2.29%) CSS
15 50 (2.29%) RabbitMQ
16 47 (2.16%) YAML
17 42 (1.93%) .NET Framework
17 42 (1.93%) JSON
18 38 (1.74%) Protocol Buffers
Miscellaneous
1 126 (5.78%) Cloud Native
2 94 (4.31%) Greenfield Project
3 89 (4.08%) Public Cloud
4 62 (2.85%) Analytical Skills
5 60 (2.75%) Data Centre
6 52 (2.39%) Fixed Income
7 50 (2.29%) Derivative
7 50 (2.29%) Equities
8 49 (2.25%) User Experience
9 47 (2.16%) Hybrid Cloud
10 34 (1.56%) Private Cloud
11 28 (1.28%) Enterprise Software
12 25 (1.15%) Mobile App
13 22 (1.01%) Linux Command Line
14 21 (0.96%) Self-Motivation
15 19 (0.87%) Management Information System
16 18 (0.83%) Enterprise Cloud
16 18 (0.83%) Hedge funds
17 16 (0.73%) Algorithms
17 16 (0.73%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 588 (26.98%) Linux
2 249 (11.43%) Windows
3 89 (4.08%) Windows Server
4 65 (2.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 63 (2.89%) CentOS
6 56 (2.57%) Unix
7 45 (2.07%) Windows Server 2016
8 31 (1.42%) Windows 10
9 24 (1.10%) Ubuntu
10 23 (1.06%) Windows Server 2008
11 15 (0.69%) Windows Server 2012
12 13 (0.60%) VMS
13 12 (0.55%) SUSE
14 11 (0.50%) Oracle Linux
15 10 (0.46%) Android
15 10 (0.46%) Windows Server 2019
16 8 (0.37%) Solaris
16 8 (0.37%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 7 (0.32%) Amazon Linux
18 5 (0.23%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,499 (68.79%) DevOps
2 695 (31.90%) Agile Software Development
3 621 (28.50%) Infrastructure as Code
4 351 (16.11%) Microservices
5 311 (14.27%) Software Engineering
6 216 (9.91%) Configuration Management
7 204 (9.36%) TDD
8 200 (9.18%) Test Automation
9 195 (8.95%) Continuous Integration
10 187 (8.58%) Migration
11 161 (7.39%) Continuous Delivery
12 151 (6.93%) Asset Management
13 148 (6.79%) Scrum
14 147 (6.75%) Open Source
15 137 (6.29%) Deployment Automation
15 137 (6.29%) Investment Management
16 126 (5.78%) Infrastructure Automation
17 111 (5.09%) Site Reliability Engineering
18 104 (4.77%) Continuous Deployment
19 102 (4.68%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 873 (40.06%) Python
2 553 (25.38%) Java
3 341 (15.65%) Bash Shell
4 330 (15.14%) JavaScript
5 313 (14.36%) PowerShell
6 228 (10.46%) SQL
7 176 (8.08%) Go
8 167 (7.66%) C#
9 123 (5.64%) TypeScript
10 106 (4.86%) Ruby
11 77 (3.53%) Shell Script
12 76 (3.49%) Scala
13 75 (3.44%) Kotlin
14 70 (3.21%) Groovy
15 30 (1.38%) C++
15 30 (1.38%) Perl
16 27 (1.24%) PHP
17 22 (1.01%) R
18 16 (0.73%) Java 8
19 15 (0.69%) C
Qualifications
1 382 (17.53%) Security Cleared
2 328 (15.05%) SC Cleared
3 78 (3.58%) Degree
4 53 (2.43%) DV Cleared
5 47 (2.16%) AWS Certification
6 29 (1.33%) BPSS Clearance
7 18 (0.83%) Novell Certification
8 17 (0.78%) Computer Science Degree
9 9 (0.41%) Cisco Certification
10 8 (0.37%) CCNA
10 8 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
11 7 (0.32%) CCA
11 7 (0.32%) CCNP
12 6 (0.28%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 5 (0.23%) CISSP
13 5 (0.23%) MCSE
14 4 (0.18%) DBS Check
15 3 (0.14%) PRINCE2 Certification
16 2 (0.092%) Network+ Certification
17 1 (0.046%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (2.29%) QA
2 21 (0.96%) NIST
3 11 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 10 (0.46%) SLA
5 7 (0.32%) GDPR
6 4 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.18%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.092%) HIPAA
7 2 (0.092%) NIST 800
7 2 (0.092%) WCAG
8 1 (0.046%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 869 (39.88%) Docker
2 117 (5.37%) Active Directory
3 104 (4.77%) VMware Infrastructure
4 84 (3.85%) Virtual Machines
5 42 (1.93%) VMware ESXi
6 38 (1.74%) vSphere
7 37 (1.70%) Hyper-V
8 24 (1.10%) GlusterFS
9 20 (0.92%) VMware NSX
10 12 (0.55%) NFS
11 10 (0.46%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 9 (0.41%) Varnish
12 9 (0.41%) VMFS
13 8 (0.37%) Microsoft App-V
14 5 (0.23%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
15 4 (0.18%) oVirt
16 3 (0.14%) VirtualBox
16 3 (0.14%) XenApp
16 3 (0.14%) XenDesktop
17 2 (0.092%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,088 (49.93%) Kubernetes
2 845 (38.78%) Ansible
3 244 (11.20%) Puppet
4 210 (9.64%) Opscode Chef
5 135 (6.20%) Prometheus
6 103 (4.73%) Grafana
7 84 (3.85%) Packer
8 55 (2.52%) Consul
9 48 (2.20%) Istio
10 47 (2.16%) Kibana
11 38 (1.74%) Argo
12 31 (1.42%) logstash
13 30 (1.38%) Single Sign-On
14 22 (1.01%) Docker Swarm
15 20 (0.92%) Rancher
15 20 (0.92%) vCenter Server
15 20 (0.92%) ZABBIX
16 19 (0.87%) Fluentd
17 18 (0.83%) Nagios
18 12 (0.55%) Salt
Vendors
1 197 (9.04%) Microsoft
2 196 (8.99%) Google
3 143 (6.56%) VMware
4 115 (5.28%) Splunk
5 66 (3.03%) Atlassian
6 65 (2.98%) Oracle
7 56 (2.57%) Red Hat
8 44 (2.02%) Cloudera
9 38 (1.74%) SAP
10 37 (1.70%) Dell
11 36 (1.65%) Bloomberg
12 29 (1.33%) AppDynamics
12 29 (1.33%) Hortonworks
13 28 (1.28%) Cisco
14 26 (1.19%) Databricks
15 25 (1.15%) Palo Alto
16 23 (1.06%) New Relic
17 21 (0.96%) F5
18 20 (0.92%) IBM
19 16 (0.73%) HP