Period
to 20 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 20 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 97 234 461
Rank change year-on-year +137 +227 +432
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,628 1,127 521
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.57% 1.13% 0.49%
As % of the Systems Management category 18.22% 9.83% 4.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,001 903 337
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £510
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +2.94% +3.29%
10th Percentile £425 £418 £400
90th Percentile £675 £638 £605
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £469
% change year-on-year - +6.67% -1.32%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
UK median hourly rate £72.25 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 14,420 11,460 12,279
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.09% 11.53% 11.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,703 7,648 7,829
UK median daily rate £500 £470 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.38% +9.30% +7.50%
10th Percentile £298 £263 £263
90th Percentile £650 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £413 £393
% change year-on-year +5.45% +5.10% +4.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 388 267 278
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £23.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.78% -22.58% +13.41%
10th Percentile £12.25 £10.75 £13.00
90th Percentile £47.00 £47.50 £47.76
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.38 £26.25
% change year-on-year +0.72% -33.81% +25.00%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Terraform.

Contractor daily rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 20 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 20 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +135 2,523 £550 +4.76% 514
London +82 1,606 £565 +5.12% 309
UK excluding London +205 1,002 £500 - 215
North of England +171 408 £500 +5.26% 81
South East +88 237 £525 +5.00% 45
North West +97 176 £500 +11.11% 42
Yorkshire +94 150 £500 - 30
East of England +74 105 £550 +2.42% 18
Midlands +9 93 £450 -5.26% 39
North East - 88 £500 - 9
Scotland +52 80 £525 +43.84% 6
South West +29 70 £500 +5.26% 22
West Midlands -5 60 £475 - 31
East Midlands +19 32 £410 -18.00% 8
Wales -24 20 £575 +20.42% 3
Northern Ireland - 1 £575 - 1

For the 6 months to 20 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 2,062 (78.46%) DevOps
2 1,734 (65.98%) Amazon AWS
3 1,475 (56.13%) Ansible
4 1,316 (50.08%) Docker
5 1,279 (48.67%) Linux
6 1,166 (44.37%) Jenkins
7 1,062 (40.41%) Python
8 1,038 (39.50%) Agile Software Development
9 1,024 (38.96%) Puppet
10 988 (37.60%) Kubernetes
11 770 (29.30%) Java
12 722 (27.47%) Opscode Chef
13 595 (22.64%) Configuration Management
14 578 (21.99%) Microsoft Azure
15 539 (20.51%) Git (software)
16 485 (18.46%) Continuous Integration
17 469 (17.85%) Bash Shell
18 466 (17.73%) Microservices
19 427 (16.25%) AWS CloudFormation
20 420 (15.98%) Finance
21 379 (14.42%) Windows
22 367 (13.96%) Ruby
23 339 (12.90%) Web Services
24 317 (12.06%) Amazon EC2
25 311 (11.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
26 299 (11.38%) Continuous Delivery
27 296 (11.26%) Packer
28 288 (10.96%) Security Cleared
29 263 (10.01%) Serverless
30 261 (9.93%) Open Source

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 186 (7.08%) Elasticsearch
2 168 (6.39%) Confluence
3 98 (3.73%) Apache
4 83 (3.16%) nginx
5 71 (2.70%) Apache Spark
6 53 (2.02%) Tomcat
7 37 (1.41%) Cloud Foundry
7 37 (1.41%) OpenStack
8 33 (1.26%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 28 (1.07%) Apache Solr
10 26 (0.99%) JBoss
11 20 (0.76%) IIS
12 19 (0.72%) WebSphere
13 18 (0.68%) WebLogic
14 14 (0.53%) Gunicorn
14 14 (0.53%) Jetty
14 14 (0.53%) Mongrel
15 7 (0.27%) Apache Pig
16 6 (0.23%) Apache Airflow
16 6 (0.23%) Tuxedo
Applications
1 6 (0.23%) HipChat
1 6 (0.23%) Microsoft Excel
1 6 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.19%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.076%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.038%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.038%) Shockwave
4 1 (0.038%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (0.30%) SAP Hybris
2 6 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
2 6 (0.23%) Remedy ITSM
3 4 (0.15%) Magento
4 2 (0.076%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.076%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.038%) Exstream
5 1 (0.038%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 1,734 (65.98%) Amazon AWS
2 578 (21.99%) Microsoft Azure
3 427 (16.25%) AWS CloudFormation
4 317 (12.06%) Amazon EC2
5 263 (10.01%) Serverless
6 254 (9.67%) Amazon S3
7 242 (9.21%) Google Cloud Platform
8 217 (8.26%) AWS Lambda
9 185 (7.04%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 159 (6.05%) Amazon ELB
11 158 (6.01%) GitHub
12 122 (4.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 114 (4.34%) Route 53
14 102 (3.88%) PaaS
15 92 (3.50%) OpenShift
16 87 (3.31%) IaaS
17 81 (3.08%) SaaS
18 52 (1.98%) Cloud Computing
19 51 (1.94%) Datadog
20 45 (1.71%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 121 (4.60%) Firewall
2 106 (4.03%) HTTP
3 84 (3.20%) DNS
4 67 (2.55%) TCP/IP
5 65 (2.47%) VPN
6 46 (1.75%) SSL
7 25 (0.95%) SSH
8 21 (0.80%) Kerberos
9 20 (0.76%) Network Security
10 19 (0.72%) Internet
10 19 (0.72%) OpenVPN
11 14 (0.53%) DSL
11 14 (0.53%) OpenLDAP
12 12 (0.46%) Software-Defined Networking
13 9 (0.34%) DHCP
13 9 (0.34%) FTP
13 9 (0.34%) ICMP
13 9 (0.34%) LAN
13 9 (0.34%) Unicast
13 9 (0.34%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 241 (9.17%) Hadoop
2 218 (8.30%) MongoDB
3 217 (8.26%) MySQL
4 208 (7.91%) PostgreSQL
5 162 (6.16%) Amazon RDS
6 143 (5.44%) Big Data
7 125 (4.76%) NoSQL
8 114 (4.34%) Apache Cassandra
9 74 (2.82%) SQL Server
10 65 (2.47%) Relational Database
11 61 (2.32%) Amazon Redshift
12 56 (2.13%) Redis
13 47 (1.79%) HBase
14 41 (1.56%) Apache Hive
15 31 (1.18%) RDBMS
16 24 (0.91%) Oracle Database
17 22 (0.84%) Blockchain
18 21 (0.80%) Data Warehouse
18 21 (0.80%) InfluxDB
18 21 (0.80%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,166 (44.37%) Jenkins
2 539 (20.51%) Git (software)
3 215 (8.18%) Maven
4 210 (7.99%) JIRA
5 178 (6.77%) GitLab
6 160 (6.09%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 155 (5.90%) Sonatype Nexus
8 137 (5.21%) Artifactory
9 131 (4.98%) Vagrant
10 123 (4.68%) Bitbucket
11 98 (3.73%) TeamCity
12 89 (3.39%) SonarQube
13 78 (2.97%) Selenium
14 76 (2.89%) Cucumber
15 73 (2.78%) Gradle
16 70 (2.66%) Travis CI
17 53 (2.02%) Subversion
18 48 (1.83%) JUnit
19 44 (1.67%) Ant
19 44 (1.67%) GoCD
General
1 420 (15.98%) Finance
2 123 (4.68%) Banking
3 89 (3.39%) Retail
4 57 (2.17%) Marketing
5 53 (2.02%) Front Office
6 49 (1.86%) Telecoms
7 28 (1.07%) Electronics
7 28 (1.07%) Manufacturing
8 26 (0.99%) Law
9 25 (0.95%) Financial Institution
10 23 (0.88%) Publishing
11 14 (0.53%) Advertising
11 14 (0.53%) Games
12 10 (0.38%) Legal
13 7 (0.27%) Back Office
14 6 (0.23%) Retail Banking
15 5 (0.19%) Automotive
16 1 (0.038%) Aerospace
16 1 (0.038%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,470 (55.94%) DevOps Engineer
2 654 (24.89%) AWS Engineer
3 582 (22.15%) AWS DevOps
4 527 (20.05%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 324 (12.33%) Developer
6 202 (7.69%) Cloud Engineer
7 176 (6.70%) Senior DevOps
8 165 (6.28%) Java Developer
9 163 (6.20%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 154 (5.86%) Consultant
11 134 (5.10%) Architect
12 117 (4.45%) Azure Engineer
13 113 (4.30%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 110 (4.19%) DevOps Consultant
14 110 (4.19%) Software Engineer
15 107 (4.07%) Python Engineer
16 93 (3.54%) Azure DevOps
16 93 (3.54%) Linux/Unix DevOps
17 88 (3.35%) Infrastructure Engineer
18 87 (3.31%) Azure DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 339 (12.90%) Web Services
2 253 (9.63%) Node.js
3 241 (9.17%) Elastic Stack
4 145 (5.52%) Kafka
4 145 (5.52%) React
5 139 (5.29%) Spring
6 115 (4.38%) Spring Boot
7 113 (4.30%) AngularJS
8 100 (3.81%) REST
9 98 (3.73%) RESTful
10 81 (3.08%) .NET
11 77 (2.93%) J2EE
12 65 (2.47%) RabbitMQ
13 63 (2.40%) JSON
14 57 (2.17%) Hibernate
15 50 (1.90%) CSS
16 47 (1.79%) Sensu
17 39 (1.48%) HTML
18 38 (1.45%) Middleware
19 37 (1.41%) ActiveMQ
Miscellaneous
1 201 (7.65%) Greenfield Project
2 130 (4.95%) Public Cloud
3 84 (3.20%) Cloud Native
4 73 (2.78%) Linux Command Line
5 71 (2.70%) Data Centre
6 62 (2.36%) Computer Science
7 47 (1.79%) Fintech
8 45 (1.71%) Enterprise Software
8 45 (1.71%) Hybrid Cloud
9 40 (1.52%) Analytical Skills
10 34 (1.29%) PKI
11 33 (1.26%) Private Cloud
12 30 (1.14%) Management Information System
13 26 (0.99%) Self-Motivation
14 18 (0.68%) Mobile App
15 17 (0.65%) Algorithms
15 17 (0.65%) Enterprise Cloud
15 17 (0.65%) Hedge funds
15 17 (0.65%) User Experience
16 16 (0.61%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 1,279 (48.67%) Linux
2 379 (14.42%) Windows
3 311 (11.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 247 (9.40%) CentOS
5 212 (8.07%) Unix
6 102 (3.88%) Windows Server
7 79 (3.01%) Ubuntu
8 37 (1.41%) Debian
9 20 (0.76%) Apple iOS
10 19 (0.72%) DC/OS
11 15 (0.57%) CoreOS
12 14 (0.53%) Android
12 14 (0.53%) Solaris
13 13 (0.49%) Fedora
13 13 (0.49%) Windows Server 2008
14 12 (0.46%) Mesosphere
14 12 (0.46%) VMS
15 10 (0.38%) Windows Server 2003
16 6 (0.23%) Amazon Linux
17 4 (0.15%) Windows 2000 Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,062 (78.46%) DevOps
2 1,038 (39.50%) Agile Software Development
3 595 (22.64%) Configuration Management
4 485 (18.46%) Continuous Integration
5 466 (17.73%) Microservices
6 299 (11.38%) Continuous Delivery
7 261 (9.93%) Open Source
8 238 (9.06%) Software Engineering
9 235 (8.94%) TDD
10 217 (8.26%) Migration
11 202 (7.69%) Test Automation
12 193 (7.34%) Deployment Automation
13 191 (7.27%) Scrum
14 156 (5.94%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 152 (5.78%) BDD
16 114 (4.34%) Mentoring
17 113 (4.30%) E-Commerce
18 103 (3.92%) Continuous Deployment
19 98 (3.73%) Load Balancing
20 97 (3.69%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,062 (40.41%) Python
2 770 (29.30%) Java
3 469 (17.85%) Bash Shell
4 367 (13.96%) Ruby
5 232 (8.83%) JavaScript
6 227 (8.64%) PowerShell
7 190 (7.23%) Go
8 174 (6.62%) Perl
9 154 (5.86%) SQL
10 149 (5.67%) Groovy
11 131 (4.98%) Java 8
12 104 (3.96%) Shell Script
13 78 (2.97%) C++
14 69 (2.63%) PHP
15 64 (2.44%) C#
15 64 (2.44%) Scala
16 45 (1.71%) TypeScript
17 42 (1.60%) C
17 42 (1.60%) ES6
18 25 (0.95%) R
Qualifications
1 288 (10.96%) Security Cleared
2 194 (7.38%) SC Cleared
3 110 (4.19%) AWS Certification
4 81 (3.08%) Degree
5 58 (2.21%) Computer Science Degree
6 22 (0.84%) CISSP
7 20 (0.76%) CISM
8 14 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
9 13 (0.49%) Master's Degree
10 9 (0.34%) RHCE
11 8 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
12 5 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
12 5 (0.19%) DBS Check
13 4 (0.15%) DV Cleared
13 4 (0.15%) MCSE
14 3 (0.11%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 3 (0.11%) MCSA
15 2 (0.076%) CCSA
15 2 (0.076%) IRCA
15 2 (0.076%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 79 (3.01%) QA
2 40 (1.52%) GDPR
3 16 (0.61%) FINRA
4 13 (0.49%) Data Quality
5 8 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.30%) PMO
6 6 (0.23%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.15%) SLA
8 3 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.076%) HL7
9 2 (0.076%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 2 (0.076%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.076%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.038%) BS25999
System Software
1 1,316 (50.08%) Docker
2 89 (3.39%) VMware Infrastructure
3 87 (3.31%) Active Directory
4 63 (2.40%) Virtual Machines
5 31 (1.18%) VirtualBox
6 27 (1.03%) Hyper-V
7 20 (0.76%) HDFS
8 18 (0.68%) etcd
9 14 (0.53%) oVirt
9 14 (0.53%) RHEV
10 11 (0.42%) flannel
10 11 (0.42%) NFS
11 10 (0.38%) Postfix
11 10 (0.38%) Squid
11 10 (0.38%) vCloud
12 8 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 7 (0.27%) Xen
14 6 (0.23%) KVM
15 5 (0.19%) VMware NSX
16 4 (0.15%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 1,475 (56.13%) Ansible
2 1,024 (38.96%) Puppet
3 988 (37.60%) Kubernetes
4 722 (27.47%) Opscode Chef
5 296 (11.26%) Packer
6 121 (4.60%) Nagios
7 112 (4.26%) Salt
8 99 (3.77%) Kibana
9 98 (3.73%) Grafana
10 86 (3.27%) Consul
11 83 (3.16%) Prometheus
12 82 (3.12%) logstash
13 81 (3.08%) ZABBIX
14 72 (2.74%) Mesos
15 62 (2.36%) Rancher
16 59 (2.25%) Docker Swarm
17 24 (0.91%) Graylog
17 24 (0.91%) Uchiwa
18 23 (0.88%) Pingdom
19 21 (0.80%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 213 (8.11%) Red Hat
2 196 (7.46%) Google
3 146 (5.56%) Microsoft
4 144 (5.48%) Splunk
5 128 (4.87%) VMware
6 112 (4.26%) Oracle
7 107 (4.07%) New Relic
8 66 (2.51%) Atlassian
9 63 (2.40%) Black Duck
10 55 (2.09%) Cloudera
11 50 (1.90%) SaltStack
12 44 (1.67%) AppDynamics
13 42 (1.60%) hybris
14 40 (1.52%) SAP
15 39 (1.48%) PagerDuty
16 34 (1.29%) Adobe
17 33 (1.26%) Hortonworks
18 24 (0.91%) Cisco
19 20 (0.76%) Dynatrace
20 19 (0.72%) Citrix