Period
to 29 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 29 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
29 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 49 71 96
Rank change year-on-year +22 +25 +141
Contract jobs citing Terraform 1,448 2,668 2,709
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.43% 3.14% 2.61%
As % of the Systems Management category 27.68% 21.38% 18.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,317 1,950 2,096
Median daily rate £525 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.70% +4.55% +4.76%
10th Percentile £388 £450 £425
90th Percentile £675 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £538 £500
% change year-on-year -6.98% +7.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 10 2
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £72.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -51.56% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 5,232 12,480 14,740
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.99% 14.67% 14.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,261 8,451 9,947
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £310 £269 £298
90th Percentile £650 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £435
% change year-on-year - +3.45% +5.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 158 317 389
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% +20.00% -
10th Percentile £12.71 £12.76 £12.25
90th Percentile £52.65 £50.10 £47.00
Median hourly rate £26.00 £20.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +30.00% +14.29% +8.01%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 29 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 29 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 29 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 1,172 £525 -8.70% 649
London 0 657 £550 -8.33% 278
UK excluding London +49 502 £500 -6.98% 407
Work from Home +12 437 £525 -4.55% 144
North of England +50 191 £500 -4.76% 154
South East +106 121 £504 -6.67% 83
North West +40 110 £525 -1.64% 88
South West +15 63 £500 -13.12% 42
Yorkshire +52 41 £463 -9.31% 53
North East +39 38 £500 +1.01% 13
East of England +20 38 £499 -4.95% 28
Scotland +17 33 £475 -9.52% 20
Midlands -9 33 £450 -10.00% 63
West Midlands -2 26 £473 -9.92% 51
Wales +30 22 £475 +5.56% 14
East Midlands +14 7 £405 -19.00% 11
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 4

For the 6 months to 29 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,059 (73.14%) DevOps
2 826 (57.04%) AWS
3 747 (51.59%) Kubernetes
4 651 (44.96%) Python
5 614 (42.40%) Ansible
6 599 (41.37%) Docker
7 563 (38.88%) Azure
8 488 (33.70%) Agile Software Development
9 486 (33.56%) Jenkins
10 441 (30.46%) Infrastructure as Code
11 435 (30.04%) Linux
12 419 (28.94%) Java
13 289 (19.96%) Git (software)
14 270 (18.65%) Bash Shell
15 267 (18.44%) Microservices
16 251 (17.33%) Security Cleared
17 239 (16.51%) Puppet
18 220 (15.19%) GitLab
19 217 (14.99%) Serverless
20 213 (14.71%) PowerShell
21 211 (14.57%) AWS CloudFormation
22 210 (14.50%) GCP
22 210 (14.50%) Finance
23 209 (14.43%) SC Cleared
24 195 (13.47%) Continuous Integration
25 194 (13.40%) Software Engineering
26 182 (12.57%) Configuration Management
27 176 (12.15%) Windows
28 172 (11.88%) Node.js
29 170 (11.74%) Opscode Chef

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 68 (4.70%) Confluence
2 63 (4.35%) Apache
3 60 (4.14%) Elasticsearch
4 53 (3.66%) nginx
5 41 (2.83%) Apache Spark
6 27 (1.86%) Cloud Foundry
7 21 (1.45%) OpenStack
8 18 (1.24%) Tomcat
9 15 (1.04%) Jupyter
10 11 (0.76%) Apache Airflow
11 8 (0.55%) IIS
12 7 (0.48%) JBoss
12 7 (0.48%) SAS
13 5 (0.35%) WebSphere
14 4 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
14 4 (0.28%) Exchange Server 2010
14 4 (0.28%) IBM Domino
14 4 (0.28%) MS Exchange
14 4 (0.28%) SharePoint
14 4 (0.28%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 5 (0.35%) Microsoft Excel
1 5 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
1 5 (0.35%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
1 2 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
1 2 (0.14%) R3 Corda
2 1 (0.069%) Magento
2 1 (0.069%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.069%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.069%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.069%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 826 (57.04%) AWS
2 563 (38.88%) Azure
3 217 (14.99%) Serverless
4 211 (14.57%) AWS CloudFormation
5 210 (14.50%) GCP
6 156 (10.77%) Amazon S3
7 152 (10.50%) AWS Lambda
8 149 (10.29%) GitHub
9 146 (10.08%) Amazon EC2
10 127 (8.77%) Amazon ECS
11 118 (8.15%) Amazon EKS
12 113 (7.80%) PaaS
13 96 (6.63%) OpenShift
14 87 (6.01%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 86 (5.94%) IaaS
16 66 (4.56%) Amazon SQS
17 61 (4.21%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 50 (3.45%) Route 53
19 41 (2.83%) SaaS
20 34 (2.35%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 101 (6.98%) Firewall
2 74 (5.11%) DNS
3 36 (2.49%) Reverse Proxy
4 30 (2.07%) VPN
5 29 (2.00%) VLAN
6 25 (1.73%) HTTP
7 20 (1.38%) SNMP
8 17 (1.17%) TCP/IP
9 16 (1.10%) Internet
10 15 (1.04%) Network Security
11 14 (0.97%) Kerberos
12 11 (0.76%) DHCP
13 9 (0.62%) SSL
14 8 (0.55%) WAN
15 7 (0.48%) VSAN
16 6 (0.41%) AMQP
16 6 (0.41%) LAN
17 5 (0.35%) SAN
17 5 (0.35%) Skype
18 4 (0.28%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 129 (8.91%) Amazon RDS
2 120 (8.29%) PostgreSQL
3 94 (6.49%) Big Data
4 87 (6.01%) SQL Server
5 77 (5.32%) MySQL
6 69 (4.77%) Hadoop
7 61 (4.21%) MongoDB
8 60 (4.14%) Amazon Redshift
9 56 (3.87%) NoSQL
10 48 (3.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 46 (3.18%) Relational Database
12 45 (3.11%) BigQuery
13 39 (2.69%) Azure SQL Database
14 35 (2.42%) Cosmos DB
15 28 (1.93%) Redis
16 24 (1.66%) Apache Hive
17 21 (1.45%) Amazon Aurora
18 17 (1.17%) Apache Cassandra
18 17 (1.17%) Data Lake
19 16 (1.10%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 486 (33.56%) Jenkins
2 289 (19.96%) Git (software)
3 220 (15.19%) GitLab
4 121 (8.36%) JIRA
5 96 (6.63%) Maven
6 86 (5.94%) Artifactory
7 76 (5.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 63 (4.35%) TeamCity
9 60 (4.14%) Gradle
10 56 (3.87%) CircleCI
11 55 (3.80%) Bitbucket
12 44 (3.04%) Selenium
12 44 (3.04%) Sonatype Nexus
13 39 (2.69%) Cucumber
13 39 (2.69%) gulp
14 36 (2.49%) Travis CI
15 35 (2.42%) SonarQube
16 33 (2.28%) RStudio
17 31 (2.14%) Visual Studio Team System
18 28 (1.93%) JUnit
General
1 210 (14.50%) Finance
2 162 (11.19%) Public Sector
3 68 (4.70%) Banking
4 66 (4.56%) Front Office
5 34 (2.35%) Marketing
6 31 (2.14%) Retail
7 25 (1.73%) Manufacturing
7 25 (1.73%) Telecoms
8 18 (1.24%) Electronics
9 11 (0.76%) Investment Banking
10 10 (0.69%) Retail Banking
11 5 (0.35%) Billing
11 5 (0.35%) Games
11 5 (0.35%) German Language
11 5 (0.35%) Local Government
12 4 (0.28%) Corporate Banking
12 4 (0.28%) Law
12 4 (0.28%) Retail Finance
13 2 (0.14%) Automotive
13 2 (0.14%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 618 (42.68%) DevOps Engineer
2 261 (18.02%) AWS Engineer
3 252 (17.40%) Developer
4 221 (15.26%) AWS DevOps
5 198 (13.67%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 187 (12.91%) Azure Engineer
7 136 (9.39%) Cloud Engineer
8 121 (8.36%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 92 (6.35%) Architect
10 79 (5.46%) Azure DevOps
11 76 (5.25%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 74 (5.11%) Senior DevOps
13 71 (4.90%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 68 (4.70%) Python Developer
15 59 (4.07%) Java Developer
15 59 (4.07%) Platform Engineer
15 59 (4.07%) Python Engineer
16 54 (3.73%) AWS Developer
17 47 (3.25%) Full Stack Developer
18 44 (3.04%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 172 (11.88%) Node.js
2 146 (10.08%) Web Services
3 105 (7.25%) REST
4 101 (6.98%) Kafka
5 85 (5.87%) React
6 83 (5.73%) RESTful
6 83 (5.73%) Spring
7 78 (5.39%) .NET
8 77 (5.32%) Elastic Stack
9 75 (5.18%) Spring Boot
10 51 (3.52%) AngularJS
11 48 (3.31%) J2EE
12 46 (3.18%) CSS
13 43 (2.97%) SOAP
14 39 (2.69%) HTML
15 38 (2.62%) J2SE
16 37 (2.56%) YAML
17 35 (2.42%) gRPC
17 35 (2.42%) RabbitMQ
17 35 (2.42%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 74 (5.11%) Cloud Native
2 71 (4.90%) Public Cloud
3 65 (4.49%) Fixed Income
4 64 (4.42%) Equities
5 63 (4.35%) Derivative
6 55 (3.80%) Greenfield Project
7 45 (3.11%) Data Centre
8 44 (3.04%) Analytical Skills
9 39 (2.69%) Hybrid Cloud
10 26 (1.80%) User Experience
11 23 (1.59%) Linux Command Line
12 17 (1.17%) Private Cloud
13 16 (1.10%) Enterprise Software
13 16 (1.10%) Self-Motivation
14 12 (0.83%) Mobile App
14 12 (0.83%) PKI
15 11 (0.76%) FMCG
15 11 (0.76%) iPad
15 11 (0.76%) NHS
16 10 (0.69%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 435 (30.04%) Linux
2 176 (12.15%) Windows
3 72 (4.97%) CentOS
4 71 (4.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 65 (4.49%) Windows Server
6 44 (3.04%) Unix
7 43 (2.97%) Windows Server 2016
8 35 (2.42%) Windows 10
9 21 (1.45%) Ubuntu
10 16 (1.10%) VMS
11 11 (0.76%) Windows Server 2012
12 10 (0.69%) Windows Server 2008
13 9 (0.62%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 7 (0.48%) Windows Server 2019
15 6 (0.41%) Amazon Linux
15 6 (0.41%) Oracle Linux
15 6 (0.41%) SUSE
16 5 (0.35%) Debian
16 5 (0.35%) Mac OS X
17 4 (0.28%) Windows NT
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,059 (73.14%) DevOps
2 488 (33.70%) Agile Software Development
3 441 (30.46%) Infrastructure as Code
4 267 (18.44%) Microservices
5 195 (13.47%) Continuous Integration
6 194 (13.40%) Software Engineering
7 182 (12.57%) Configuration Management
8 166 (11.46%) Migration
9 152 (10.50%) Continuous Delivery
10 148 (10.22%) TDD
11 143 (9.88%) Test Automation
12 139 (9.60%) Scrum
13 133 (9.19%) Open Source
14 124 (8.56%) Deployment Automation
15 115 (7.94%) Infrastructure Automation
16 91 (6.28%) Continuous Deployment
17 85 (5.87%) Mentoring
18 68 (4.70%) Asset Management
18 68 (4.70%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 67 (4.63%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 651 (44.96%) Python
2 419 (28.94%) Java
3 270 (18.65%) Bash Shell
4 213 (14.71%) PowerShell
5 162 (11.19%) JavaScript
6 132 (9.12%) SQL
7 127 (8.77%) Go
8 115 (7.94%) C#
9 74 (5.11%) Ruby
10 63 (4.35%) Scala
11 62 (4.28%) Shell Script
12 55 (3.80%) Groovy
13 47 (3.25%) R
14 46 (3.18%) TypeScript
15 29 (2.00%) Java 8
16 22 (1.52%) PHP
17 21 (1.45%) Kotlin
18 18 (1.24%) C++
19 14 (0.97%) Perl
20 11 (0.76%) C
Qualifications
1 251 (17.33%) Security Cleared
2 209 (14.43%) SC Cleared
3 50 (3.45%) AWS Certification
4 37 (2.56%) Degree
5 36 (2.49%) DV Cleared
6 24 (1.66%) BPSS Clearance
7 15 (1.04%) Novell Certification
8 10 (0.69%) CCA
8 10 (0.69%) Computer Science Degree
9 9 (0.62%) Microsoft Certification
10 6 (0.41%) CCNA
10 6 (0.41%) Cisco Certification
10 6 (0.41%) MCSE
10 6 (0.41%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 4 (0.28%) CCNP
11 4 (0.28%) CISSP
11 4 (0.28%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.14%) Network+ Certification
13 1 (0.069%) CISA
13 1 (0.069%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (2.90%) QA
2 12 (0.83%) NIST
3 9 (0.62%) GDPR
3 9 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.35%) PCI DSS
5 3 (0.21%) SLA
6 2 (0.14%) NCSC
7 1 (0.069%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.069%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.069%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.069%) WCAG
System Software
1 599 (41.37%) Docker
2 78 (5.39%) Active Directory
3 77 (5.32%) VMware Infrastructure
4 54 (3.73%) Virtual Machines
5 39 (2.69%) vSphere
6 33 (2.28%) VMware ESXi
7 21 (1.45%) GlusterFS
8 16 (1.10%) Hyper-V
9 13 (0.90%) NFS
10 12 (0.83%) VMware NSX
11 10 (0.69%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 6 (0.41%) VMFS
13 5 (0.35%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
13 5 (0.35%) Microsoft App-V
13 5 (0.35%) Varnish
14 4 (0.28%) oVirt
14 4 (0.28%) vCloud
15 3 (0.21%) Ceph
15 3 (0.21%) LXC
16 2 (0.14%) zsh
Systems Management
1 747 (51.59%) Kubernetes
2 614 (42.40%) Ansible
3 239 (16.51%) Puppet
4 170 (11.74%) Opscode Chef
5 99 (6.84%) Packer
6 98 (6.77%) Prometheus
7 78 (5.39%) Grafana
8 33 (2.28%) Consul
8 33 (2.28%) Kibana
9 28 (1.93%) Istio
10 26 (1.80%) Argo
11 25 (1.73%) Single Sign-On
11 25 (1.73%) ZABBIX
12 17 (1.17%) Nagios
13 13 (0.90%) logstash
14 12 (0.83%) Salt
15 11 (0.76%) Rancher
15 11 (0.76%) vCenter Server
16 9 (0.62%) vRealize Orchestrator
17 7 (0.48%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 119 (8.22%) Microsoft
2 108 (7.46%) Google
3 89 (6.15%) VMware
4 77 (5.32%) Splunk
5 59 (4.07%) Cloudera
6 56 (3.87%) Atlassian
7 52 (3.59%) Oracle
8 44 (3.04%) Red Hat
9 36 (2.49%) Dell
10 33 (2.28%) Hortonworks
11 31 (2.14%) SAP
12 21 (1.45%) AppDynamics
13 18 (1.24%) Cisco
13 18 (1.24%) EMC
14 17 (1.17%) SaltStack
15 16 (1.10%) Palo Alto
16 15 (1.04%) Bloomberg
16 15 (1.04%) New Relic
17 12 (0.83%) F5
17 12 (0.83%) Sybase