Period
to 25 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 25 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
25 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 79 151 322
Rank change year-on-year +72 +171 +441
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,843 1,836 667
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.99% 1.82% 0.73%
As % of the Systems Management category 20.54% 14.07% 6.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,006 1,421 500
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £430 £425 £413
90th Percentile £688 £663 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +6.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 1 0
UK median hourly rate £70.00 £65.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.69% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £69.00 - -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 13,841 13,047 9,751
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.58% 12.91% 10.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,214 8,681 6,446
UK median daily rate £500 £485 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +7.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £313 £275 £275
90th Percentile £675 £625 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £401
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.12% +5.39%
Number of hourly rates quoted 343 301 226
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £22.17
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% -21.06% +5.56%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.81 £12.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.83 £48.97
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £16.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +9.38% -20.00% -1.23%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Terraform.

Contractor daily rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 25 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 25 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 25 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +61 2,702 £563 +2.27% 238
London +42 1,696 £575 +4.55% 148
UK excluding London +104 1,112 £550 +10.00% 98
North of England +46 332 £550 +13.40% 32
South East +33 238 £525 +5.00% 26
Midlands +77 201 £538 +1.42% 14
North West +31 177 £575 +21.05% 18
West Midlands +58 139 £550 +3.77% 10
South West +48 136 £550 +10.00% 5
Yorkshire +38 102 £488 +0.52% 14
East of England +49 83 £500 +11.11% 13
Scotland +76 80 £700 +41.41% 3
East Midlands +47 61 £525 +4.90% 4
Wales +50 55 £525 -10.64% 3
North East +12 53 £525 +5.00%
Northern Ireland - 1 £425 - 2

For the 6 months to 25 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 2,244 (78.93%) DevOps
2 1,851 (65.11%) Amazon AWS
3 1,445 (50.83%) Docker
4 1,425 (50.12%) Ansible
5 1,353 (47.59%) Kubernetes
6 1,169 (41.12%) Jenkins
7 1,150 (40.45%) Linux
8 1,060 (37.28%) Python
9 1,010 (35.53%) Agile Software Development
10 930 (32.71%) Microsoft Azure
11 766 (26.94%) Java
12 765 (26.91%) Puppet
13 538 (18.92%) Git (software)
14 510 (17.94%) AWS CloudFormation
15 507 (17.83%) Microservices
16 495 (17.41%) Configuration Management
17 489 (17.20%) Finance
18 487 (17.13%) Opscode Chef
19 442 (15.55%) Bash Shell
20 420 (14.77%) Google Cloud Platform
21 409 (14.39%) Continuous Integration
22 367 (12.91%) Amazon EC2
23 353 (12.42%) Windows
24 333 (11.71%) Serverless
25 326 (11.47%) Amazon S3
26 323 (11.36%) Security Cleared
27 319 (11.22%) Web Services
28 298 (10.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
29 292 (10.27%) Ruby
30 283 (9.95%) Node.js

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 198 (6.96%) Confluence
2 128 (4.50%) nginx
3 119 (4.19%) Elasticsearch
4 88 (3.10%) Apache
5 71 (2.50%) Cloud Foundry
6 69 (2.43%) Apache Spark
7 47 (1.65%) Tomcat
8 44 (1.55%) IIS
9 32 (1.13%) OpenStack
10 26 (0.91%) WebSphere
11 20 (0.70%) MS Exchange
12 17 (0.60%) CMS
13 16 (0.56%) Jetty
14 14 (0.49%) Mongrel
15 13 (0.46%) Apache Airflow
15 13 (0.46%) SAS
16 12 (0.42%) Apache Pig
17 11 (0.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 9 (0.32%) Apache Solr
19 8 (0.28%) SharePoint
Applications
1 4 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.070%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.070%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (0.32%) Sentinel
2 4 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.070%) Magento
3 2 (0.070%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.035%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.035%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.035%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.035%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.035%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,851 (65.11%) Amazon AWS
2 930 (32.71%) Microsoft Azure
3 510 (17.94%) AWS CloudFormation
4 420 (14.77%) Google Cloud Platform
5 367 (12.91%) Amazon EC2
6 333 (11.71%) Serverless
7 326 (11.47%) Amazon S3
8 264 (9.29%) AWS Lambda
9 216 (7.60%) PaaS
10 186 (6.54%) OpenShift
11 167 (5.87%) IaaS
12 160 (5.63%) GitHub
13 127 (4.47%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 126 (4.43%) Route 53
15 121 (4.26%) Amazon SQS
16 119 (4.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 110 (3.87%) SaaS
18 86 (3.02%) Amazon ELB
19 63 (2.22%) Datadog
20 62 (2.18%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 121 (4.26%) Firewall
1 121 (4.26%) HTTP
2 119 (4.19%) VPN
3 103 (3.62%) DNS
4 73 (2.57%) TCP/IP
5 46 (1.62%) SSL
6 43 (1.51%) FTP
7 37 (1.30%) DHCP
8 32 (1.13%) IPsec
9 27 (0.95%) Network Security
10 25 (0.88%) Kerberos
11 21 (0.74%) DSL
12 18 (0.63%) Internet
13 15 (0.53%) VLAN
14 11 (0.39%) DMZ
15 10 (0.35%) AMQP
16 9 (0.32%) Intrusion Detection
16 9 (0.32%) WAN
17 8 (0.28%) NetScaler
18 7 (0.25%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 248 (8.72%) Amazon RDS
2 187 (6.58%) Big Data
3 180 (6.33%) PostgreSQL
4 167 (5.87%) Hadoop
5 148 (5.21%) MySQL
6 139 (4.89%) SQL Server
7 131 (4.61%) MongoDB
8 111 (3.90%) Amazon Redshift
9 110 (3.87%) NoSQL
10 92 (3.24%) Apache Cassandra
11 87 (3.06%) Redis
12 82 (2.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 48 (1.69%) Apache Hive
14 36 (1.27%) Azure SQL Database
14 36 (1.27%) Relational Database
15 33 (1.16%) BigQuery
16 28 (0.98%) HBase
16 28 (0.98%) Impala
17 26 (0.91%) Amazon Athena
18 24 (0.84%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 1,169 (41.12%) Jenkins
2 538 (18.92%) Git (software)
3 281 (9.88%) JIRA
4 264 (9.29%) GitLab
5 211 (7.42%) Artifactory
6 131 (4.61%) Maven
7 107 (3.76%) TeamCity
8 106 (3.73%) Bitbucket
9 100 (3.52%) SonarQube
9 100 (3.52%) Sonatype Nexus
9 100 (3.52%) Visual Studio Team System
10 92 (3.24%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 80 (2.81%) CircleCI
12 69 (2.43%) Travis CI
13 61 (2.15%) Octopus Deploy
14 58 (2.04%) Gradle
15 56 (1.97%) Selenium
16 48 (1.69%) Vagrant
17 47 (1.65%) RStudio
18 41 (1.44%) GoCD
General
1 489 (17.20%) Finance
2 119 (4.19%) Banking
3 95 (3.34%) Retail
4 52 (1.83%) Front Office
5 50 (1.76%) Marketing
6 46 (1.62%) Law
7 44 (1.55%) Telecoms
8 43 (1.51%) Manufacturing
9 40 (1.41%) Electronics
10 34 (1.20%) Financial Institution
10 34 (1.20%) Games
11 28 (0.98%) Advertising
12 18 (0.63%) German Language
13 15 (0.53%) Legal
14 14 (0.49%) French Language
15 12 (0.42%) Publishing
16 8 (0.28%) Investment Banking
17 6 (0.21%) Retail Banking
18 5 (0.18%) Billing
18 5 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,487 (52.30%) DevOps Engineer
2 607 (21.35%) AWS Engineer
3 547 (19.24%) AWS DevOps
4 460 (16.18%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 396 (13.93%) Developer
6 271 (9.53%) Cloud Engineer
7 186 (6.54%) Architect
8 175 (6.16%) Senior DevOps
9 164 (5.77%) Azure DevOps
10 158 (5.56%) Azure Engineer
11 147 (5.17%) Platform Engineer
12 139 (4.89%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 138 (4.85%) Java Developer
14 135 (4.75%) AWS Developer
15 125 (4.40%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 120 (4.22%) Kubernetes Engineer
17 99 (3.48%) Consultant
18 82 (2.88%) Linux/Unix DevOps
18 82 (2.88%) Senior Developer
19 75 (2.64%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 319 (11.22%) Web Services
2 283 (9.95%) Node.js
3 217 (7.63%) Kafka
4 193 (6.79%) Elastic Stack
5 148 (5.21%) .NET
6 128 (4.50%) J2EE
7 116 (4.08%) RESTful
8 109 (3.83%) React
9 107 (3.76%) Spring
10 103 (3.62%) AngularJS
11 84 (2.95%) REST
12 73 (2.57%) Spring Boot
13 60 (2.11%) RabbitMQ
14 53 (1.86%) Hibernate
15 52 (1.83%) JSON
16 45 (1.58%) CSS
17 39 (1.37%) J2SE
18 36 (1.27%) Vue.js
19 33 (1.16%) HTML
20 32 (1.13%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 161 (5.66%) Greenfield Project
1 161 (5.66%) Public Cloud
2 123 (4.33%) Cloud Native
3 95 (3.34%) Fintech
4 67 (2.36%) Data Centre
5 59 (2.08%) Hybrid Cloud
6 49 (1.72%) Fixed Income
7 46 (1.62%) Analytical Skills
7 46 (1.62%) Linux Command Line
8 36 (1.27%) Mobile App
9 30 (1.06%) Private Cloud
10 29 (1.02%) Hedge funds
11 28 (0.98%) Self-Motivation
12 27 (0.95%) PKI
13 25 (0.88%) Enterprise Software
14 22 (0.77%) Management Information System
15 19 (0.67%) iPad
16 18 (0.63%) Algorithms
17 16 (0.56%) Clustering
17 16 (0.56%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,150 (40.45%) Linux
2 353 (12.42%) Windows
3 298 (10.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 191 (6.72%) Unix
5 177 (6.23%) CentOS
6 95 (3.34%) Windows Server
7 63 (2.22%) Ubuntu
8 22 (0.77%) Apple iOS
9 21 (0.74%) Android
9 21 (0.74%) CoreOS
10 15 (0.53%) Debian
11 13 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
12 8 (0.28%) Solaris
13 7 (0.25%) Amazon Linux
14 6 (0.21%) DC/OS
14 6 (0.21%) Fedora
14 6 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
15 4 (0.14%) Mesosphere
15 4 (0.14%) VMS
16 3 (0.11%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,244 (78.93%) DevOps
2 1,010 (35.53%) Agile Software Development
3 507 (17.83%) Microservices
4 495 (17.41%) Configuration Management
5 409 (14.39%) Continuous Integration
6 263 (9.25%) Migration
7 259 (9.11%) Software Engineering
8 249 (8.76%) Scrum
9 236 (8.30%) Open Source
10 204 (7.18%) Continuous Delivery
11 191 (6.72%) Deployment Automation
12 187 (6.58%) TDD
12 187 (6.58%) Test Automation
13 138 (4.85%) Problem-Solving
14 127 (4.47%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 117 (4.12%) Kanban
16 111 (3.90%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 105 (3.69%) E-Commerce
18 103 (3.62%) Continuous Deployment
19 99 (3.48%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,060 (37.28%) Python
2 766 (26.94%) Java
3 442 (15.55%) Bash Shell
4 292 (10.27%) Ruby
5 254 (8.93%) JavaScript
6 239 (8.41%) PowerShell
7 196 (6.89%) SQL
8 183 (6.44%) Go
9 134 (4.71%) Perl
10 124 (4.36%) Java 8
11 114 (4.01%) Groovy
12 99 (3.48%) Shell Script
13 91 (3.20%) C#
14 70 (2.46%) Scala
15 56 (1.97%) PHP
16 39 (1.37%) TypeScript
17 33 (1.16%) C++
18 27 (0.95%) ES6
19 23 (0.81%) C
20 18 (0.63%) Rust
Qualifications
1 323 (11.36%) Security Cleared
2 273 (9.60%) SC Cleared
3 97 (3.41%) AWS Certification
4 33 (1.16%) Degree
5 26 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
6 15 (0.53%) TOGAF Certification
7 10 (0.35%) Computer Science Degree
7 10 (0.35%) DV Cleared
8 9 (0.32%) CISSP
8 9 (0.32%) DBS Check
9 8 (0.28%) CCA
9 8 (0.28%) CISM
10 5 (0.18%) BC Cleared
10 5 (0.18%) ITIL Certification
10 5 (0.18%) MCSA
10 5 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.14%) CREST Certified
11 4 (0.14%) MCSE
12 3 (0.11%) CHECK Team Member
12 3 (0.11%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 59 (2.08%) QA
2 8 (0.28%) GDPR
3 5 (0.18%) PCI DSS
3 5 (0.18%) PMO
4 4 (0.14%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.070%) FINRA
5 2 (0.070%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.070%) PSD2
5 2 (0.070%) SLA
6 1 (0.035%) COBIT
6 1 (0.035%) FedRAMP
6 1 (0.035%) FISMA
6 1 (0.035%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.035%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 1,445 (50.83%) Docker
2 131 (4.61%) Active Directory
3 66 (2.32%) Virtual Machines
4 65 (2.29%) VMware Infrastructure
5 26 (0.91%) Xen
6 22 (0.77%) HDFS
7 20 (0.70%) Hyper-V
8 19 (0.67%) NFS
9 14 (0.49%) Squid
10 12 (0.42%) VirtualBox
11 8 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 8 (0.28%) KVM
11 8 (0.28%) Snort
12 7 (0.25%) Virtual Servers
12 7 (0.25%) XenDesktop
13 5 (0.18%) Varnish
13 5 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
14 4 (0.14%) RHEV
14 4 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
14 4 (0.14%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 1,425 (50.12%) Ansible
2 1,353 (47.59%) Kubernetes
3 765 (26.91%) Puppet
4 487 (17.13%) Opscode Chef
5 260 (9.15%) Packer
6 121 (4.26%) Prometheus
7 117 (4.12%) Consul
8 81 (2.85%) Docker Swarm
8 81 (2.85%) Grafana
9 77 (2.71%) Salt
10 57 (2.00%) Kibana
11 54 (1.90%) Nagios
12 50 (1.76%) Mesos
13 45 (1.58%) logstash
14 31 (1.09%) Rancher
15 30 (1.06%) ZABBIX
16 25 (0.88%) HAProxy
17 24 (0.84%) Graphite
17 24 (0.84%) Sysdig
18 14 (0.49%) SCCM
Vendors
1 257 (9.04%) Google
2 190 (6.68%) Microsoft
3 131 (4.61%) Red Hat
4 102 (3.59%) VMware
5 94 (3.31%) Atlassian
6 92 (3.24%) Splunk
7 86 (3.02%) New Relic
8 79 (2.78%) Oracle
9 61 (2.15%) SaltStack
10 60 (2.11%) Cloudera
11 50 (1.76%) Hortonworks
12 47 (1.65%) SAP
13 31 (1.09%) Cisco
13 31 (1.09%) Citrix
14 24 (0.84%) Black Duck
15 23 (0.81%) Facebook
16 21 (0.74%) PagerDuty
16 21 (0.74%) ServiceNow
17 20 (0.70%) Veracode
18 19 (0.67%) AppDynamics