Period
to 13 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 13 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
13 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 72 93 226
Rank change year-on-year +21 +133 +203
Contract jobs citing Terraform 2,640 2,774 1,214
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.13% 2.67% 1.19%
As % of the Systems Management category 21.33% 18.66% 10.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,879 2,116 980
UK median daily rate £575 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +3.96%
10th Percentile £450 £425 £419
90th Percentile £711 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £538 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +7.50% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 2 0
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £72.25 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -51.56% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 12,377 14,864 12,037
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.65% 14.33% 11.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,367 10,040 8,094
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +8.57%
10th Percentile £263 £300 £263
90th Percentile £675 £650 £620
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £413
% change year-on-year +2.86% +6.06% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 318 388 289
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% - -24.73%
10th Percentile £12.75 £12.25 £10.98
90th Percentile £49.13 £47.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £16.10
% change year-on-year +14.29% +8.73% -39.26%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Terraform.

Contractor daily rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 13 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 13 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 13 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +18 2,472 £575 +4.55% 646
London +16 1,543 £600 +4.35% 351
UK excluding London +43 1,044 £538 +7.50% 330
North of England -11 258 £525 +5.00% 119
South East +20 211 £534 +1.76% 66
South West +86 185 £575 +12.75% 28
North West -2 158 £538 +5.39% 66
Midlands +63 154 £500 +9.89% 32
East of England +28 114 £525 -4.55% 50
West Midlands +58 108 £525 +9.95% 23
Scotland +27 96 £525 -5.83% 29
Yorkshire -36 69 £510 +4.08% 43
East Midlands +33 46 £500 +21.95% 9
Wales +38 32 £450 -21.74% 6
North East -20 30 £500 - 10

For the 6 months to 13 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 2,107 (79.81%) DevOps
2 1,649 (62.46%) AWS
3 1,376 (52.12%) Ansible
4 1,211 (45.87%) Kubernetes
5 1,156 (43.79%) Docker
6 1,030 (39.02%) Linux
7 1,012 (38.33%) Python
8 986 (37.35%) Jenkins
9 942 (35.68%) Agile Software Development
10 828 (31.36%) Azure
11 687 (26.02%) Infrastructure as Code
12 661 (25.04%) Java
13 612 (23.18%) Puppet
14 538 (20.38%) Git (software)
15 474 (17.95%) Microservices
16 455 (17.23%) GCP
17 445 (16.86%) Configuration Management
18 406 (15.38%) AWS CloudFormation
19 403 (15.27%) Security Cleared
20 401 (15.19%) Opscode Chef
21 398 (15.08%) Continuous Integration
22 388 (14.70%) Finance
23 385 (14.58%) Bash Shell
24 333 (12.61%) SC Cleared
25 313 (11.86%) Migration
26 304 (11.52%) JIRA
27 294 (11.14%) Serverless
28 287 (10.87%) Amazon EC2
29 276 (10.45%) Scrum
30 270 (10.23%) Google

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 193 (7.31%) Confluence
2 129 (4.89%) Elasticsearch
3 90 (3.41%) Apache
4 89 (3.37%) nginx
5 83 (3.14%) Apache Spark
6 61 (2.31%) OpenStack
7 43 (1.63%) Tomcat
8 33 (1.25%) Cloud Foundry
9 27 (1.02%) Apache Airflow
10 25 (0.95%) SAS
11 21 (0.80%) IIS
12 17 (0.64%) JBoss
13 14 (0.53%) Jupyter
14 13 (0.49%) SharePoint
15 9 (0.34%) WebSphere
16 6 (0.23%) Apache Pig
17 5 (0.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 5 (0.19%) Anypoint
17 5 (0.19%) WebLogic
18 4 (0.15%) Drupal
Applications
1 7 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.038%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 11 (0.42%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.11%) Magento
4 2 (0.076%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.038%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.038%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.038%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 1,649 (62.46%) AWS
2 828 (31.36%) Azure
3 455 (17.23%) GCP
4 406 (15.38%) AWS CloudFormation
5 294 (11.14%) Serverless
6 287 (10.87%) Amazon EC2
7 268 (10.15%) Amazon S3
8 260 (9.85%) AWS Lambda
9 195 (7.39%) Amazon ECS
10 194 (7.35%) OpenShift
11 172 (6.52%) GitHub
12 144 (5.45%) PaaS
13 137 (5.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 126 (4.77%) IaaS
15 123 (4.66%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 108 (4.09%) Route 53
17 94 (3.56%) Amazon SQS
18 90 (3.41%) Amazon ELB
19 87 (3.30%) Datadog
20 70 (2.65%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 121 (4.58%) Firewall
2 84 (3.18%) VPN
3 67 (2.54%) DNS
4 63 (2.39%) TCP/IP
5 59 (2.23%) HTTP
6 46 (1.74%) SSL
7 36 (1.36%) Network Security
8 27 (1.02%) WAN
9 21 (0.80%) Internet
9 21 (0.80%) Intrusion Detection
10 15 (0.57%) DHCP
10 15 (0.57%) FTP
11 14 (0.53%) Skype
12 13 (0.49%) Kerberos
13 8 (0.30%) SSH
13 8 (0.30%) VLAN
14 7 (0.27%) DSL
15 6 (0.23%) Cisco ASA
15 6 (0.23%) Cisco IOS
15 6 (0.23%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 229 (8.67%) Amazon RDS
2 195 (7.39%) Big Data
3 161 (6.10%) MySQL
4 123 (4.66%) Hadoop
5 117 (4.43%) PostgreSQL
6 98 (3.71%) NoSQL
7 90 (3.41%) Amazon Redshift
8 86 (3.26%) Relational Database
9 78 (2.95%) SQL Server
10 70 (2.65%) MongoDB
11 66 (2.50%) BigQuery
12 61 (2.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 53 (2.01%) Data Warehouse
14 43 (1.63%) Apache Cassandra
15 38 (1.44%) RDBMS
16 36 (1.36%) Redis
17 34 (1.29%) MariaDB
18 26 (0.98%) Amazon Aurora
19 25 (0.95%) Amazon Athena
20 22 (0.83%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 986 (37.35%) Jenkins
2 538 (20.38%) Git (software)
3 304 (11.52%) JIRA
4 181 (6.86%) GitLab
5 148 (5.61%) Artifactory
6 117 (4.43%) Bitbucket
7 108 (4.09%) CircleCI
8 104 (3.94%) Sonatype Nexus
9 94 (3.56%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 80 (3.03%) SonarQube
11 79 (2.99%) Visual Studio Team System
12 76 (2.88%) Maven
13 64 (2.42%) TeamCity
14 57 (2.16%) Selenium
15 49 (1.86%) Travis CI
16 44 (1.67%) Gradle
17 43 (1.63%) Vagrant
18 41 (1.55%) Cucumber
19 37 (1.40%) Octopus Deploy
20 31 (1.17%) RStudio
General
1 388 (14.70%) Finance
2 154 (5.83%) Public Sector
3 133 (5.04%) Banking
4 72 (2.73%) Retail
5 43 (1.63%) Front Office
6 40 (1.52%) Telecoms
7 24 (0.91%) Law
8 18 (0.68%) Marketing
9 17 (0.64%) Investment Banking
9 17 (0.64%) Manufacturing
10 16 (0.61%) Games
11 15 (0.57%) Financial Institution
12 14 (0.53%) Publishing
13 12 (0.45%) Legal
14 10 (0.38%) Billing
14 10 (0.38%) Electronics
15 7 (0.27%) Retail Banking
16 5 (0.19%) Advertising
16 5 (0.19%) Automotive
16 5 (0.19%) Police
Job Titles
1 1,371 (51.93%) DevOps Engineer
2 509 (19.28%) AWS Engineer
3 405 (15.34%) AWS DevOps
4 353 (13.37%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 335 (12.69%) Developer
6 305 (11.55%) Cloud Engineer
7 198 (7.50%) Azure Engineer
8 165 (6.25%) Senior DevOps
9 154 (5.83%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 148 (5.61%) Azure DevOps
11 145 (5.49%) Architect
12 142 (5.38%) Kubernetes Engineer
13 132 (5.00%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 108 (4.09%) Java Developer
15 101 (3.83%) Platform Engineer
16 93 (3.52%) Data Engineer
17 90 (3.41%) Consultant
18 88 (3.33%) Lead DevOps
19 87 (3.30%) Python Engineer
20 83 (3.14%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 266 (10.08%) Web Services
2 235 (8.90%) Node.js
3 182 (6.89%) Kafka
4 127 (4.81%) .NET
5 111 (4.20%) Elastic Stack
6 108 (4.09%) Spring
7 83 (3.14%) AngularJS
8 77 (2.92%) React
9 71 (2.69%) J2EE
10 68 (2.58%) REST
11 64 (2.42%) RESTful
12 63 (2.39%) JSON
12 63 (2.39%) Spring Boot
13 41 (1.55%) LDAP
13 41 (1.55%) RabbitMQ
14 30 (1.14%) Vue.js
15 29 (1.10%) CSS
16 28 (1.06%) GraphQL
16 28 (1.06%) OAuth
17 25 (0.95%) PySpark
Miscellaneous
1 170 (6.44%) Public Cloud
2 154 (5.83%) Greenfield Project
3 114 (4.32%) Data Centre
4 100 (3.79%) Cloud Native
5 77 (2.92%) Linux Command Line
6 50 (1.89%) Analytical Skills
7 43 (1.63%) Fixed Income
8 35 (1.33%) Mobile App
9 34 (1.29%) Enterprise Software
10 33 (1.25%) Hybrid Cloud
11 28 (1.06%) Self-Motivation
12 26 (0.98%) PKI
13 23 (0.87%) Data Structures
14 20 (0.76%) Clustering
14 20 (0.76%) Private Cloud
15 19 (0.72%) User Experience
16 18 (0.68%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
17 16 (0.61%) Algorithms
17 16 (0.61%) Derivative
17 16 (0.61%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 1,030 (39.02%) Linux
2 252 (9.55%) Windows
3 219 (8.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 170 (6.44%) CentOS
5 133 (5.04%) Unix
6 88 (3.33%) Ubuntu
7 54 (2.05%) Windows Server
8 24 (0.91%) CoreOS
9 22 (0.83%) Android
9 22 (0.83%) Apple iOS
10 15 (0.57%) Debian
11 10 (0.38%) VMS
11 10 (0.38%) Windows Server 2008
12 7 (0.27%) Windows Server 2003
13 6 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
14 5 (0.19%) Solaris
14 5 (0.19%) Windows 10
15 4 (0.15%) Mesosphere
16 2 (0.076%) DC/OS
17 1 (0.038%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,107 (79.81%) DevOps
2 942 (35.68%) Agile Software Development
3 687 (26.02%) Infrastructure as Code
4 474 (17.95%) Microservices
5 445 (16.86%) Configuration Management
6 398 (15.08%) Continuous Integration
7 313 (11.86%) Migration
8 276 (10.45%) Scrum
9 225 (8.52%) Software Engineering
10 212 (8.03%) Open Source
11 181 (6.86%) Test Automation
12 167 (6.33%) Continuous Delivery
12 167 (6.33%) TDD
13 148 (5.61%) DevSecOps
14 133 (5.04%) Kanban
15 130 (4.92%) Site Reliability Engineering
16 123 (4.66%) Analytics
17 119 (4.51%) Mentoring
18 104 (3.94%) Deployment Automation
19 102 (3.86%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,012 (38.33%) Python
2 661 (25.04%) Java
3 385 (14.58%) Bash Shell
4 253 (9.58%) JavaScript
5 239 (9.05%) PowerShell
6 229 (8.67%) Ruby
7 214 (8.11%) Go
8 188 (7.12%) SQL
9 148 (5.61%) Shell Script
10 87 (3.30%) Groovy
11 83 (3.14%) C#
11 83 (3.14%) Scala
12 78 (2.95%) Java 8
13 75 (2.84%) PHP
14 72 (2.73%) Perl
15 71 (2.69%) TypeScript
16 28 (1.06%) R
17 23 (0.87%) ES6
18 19 (0.72%) C
19 16 (0.61%) Rust
Qualifications
1 403 (15.27%) Security Cleared
2 333 (12.61%) SC Cleared
3 124 (4.70%) AWS Certification
4 62 (2.35%) Degree
5 38 (1.44%) Microsoft Certification
6 27 (1.02%) MCSA
7 26 (0.98%) Computer Science Degree
8 16 (0.61%) BPSS Clearance
9 14 (0.53%) RHCE
10 13 (0.49%) DBS Check
10 13 (0.49%) RHCSA
11 12 (0.45%) CCA
12 10 (0.38%) DV Cleared
13 8 (0.30%) Master's Degree
14 7 (0.27%) CTC Cleared
15 6 (0.23%) CISSP
15 6 (0.23%) ISEB
15 6 (0.23%) ISTQB
15 6 (0.23%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 5 (0.19%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 67 (2.54%) QA
2 22 (0.83%) NIST
3 21 (0.80%) NCSC
4 12 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 11 (0.42%) GDPR
6 8 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
7 6 (0.23%) SLA
8 5 (0.19%) Data Quality
8 5 (0.19%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.11%) NIST 800
10 1 (0.038%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 1 (0.038%) PMO
10 1 (0.038%) PSD2
10 1 (0.038%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,156 (43.79%) Docker
2 88 (3.33%) Active Directory
3 50 (1.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 47 (1.78%) Virtual Machines
5 23 (0.87%) Hyper-V
6 10 (0.38%) PowerDNS
6 10 (0.38%) VirtualBox
7 8 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 7 (0.27%) HDFS
8 7 (0.27%) KVM
8 7 (0.27%) vCloud
9 5 (0.19%) Microsoft App-V
9 5 (0.19%) Snort
9 5 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
9 5 (0.19%) vSphere
9 5 (0.19%) XenApp
9 5 (0.19%) XenDesktop
10 4 (0.15%) NFS
10 4 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (0.15%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,376 (52.12%) Ansible
2 1,211 (45.87%) Kubernetes
3 612 (23.18%) Puppet
4 401 (15.19%) Opscode Chef
5 233 (8.83%) Packer
6 159 (6.02%) Consul
7 103 (3.90%) Prometheus
8 84 (3.18%) Grafana
9 53 (2.01%) Docker Swarm
10 50 (1.89%) Nagios
11 48 (1.82%) Salt
12 46 (1.74%) Kibana
13 35 (1.33%) logstash
14 26 (0.98%) Mesos
15 24 (0.91%) Rancher
16 22 (0.83%) ZABBIX
17 21 (0.80%) Graphite
18 20 (0.76%) Istio
19 19 (0.72%) Single Sign-On
20 17 (0.64%) SCCM
Vendors
1 270 (10.23%) Google
2 171 (6.48%) Red Hat
3 143 (5.42%) Microsoft
4 138 (5.23%) Splunk
5 80 (3.03%) VMware
6 74 (2.80%) Cloudera
7 61 (2.31%) Oracle
8 56 (2.12%) New Relic
9 53 (2.01%) Atlassian
10 45 (1.70%) Hortonworks
11 31 (1.17%) IBM
12 28 (1.06%) SaltStack
13 22 (0.83%) AppDynamics
14 21 (0.80%) Veracode
15 20 (0.76%) Databricks
15 20 (0.76%) F5
15 20 (0.76%) MuleSoft
16 19 (0.72%) SAP
17 17 (0.64%) Confluent
18 16 (0.61%) Cisco