Period
to 25 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 25 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 40 59 74
Rank change year-on-year +19 +15 +62
Contract jobs citing Terraform 3,287 1,583 2,890
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.14% 3.82% 3.17%
As % of the Systems Management category 32.12% 25.19% 21.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,500 1,193 2,004
10th Percentile £425 £413 £441
25th Percentile £488 £475 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £550
75th Percentile £625 £638 £638
90th Percentile £700 £713 £698
UK excluding London median daily rate £513 £525 £550
% change year-on-year -2.38% -4.55% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 3 7
10th Percentile £26.75 £35.96 £11.45
25th Percentile £46.25 £36.82 £39.63
Median hourly rate £60.00 £39.50 £70.00
Median % change year-on-year +51.90% -43.57% +7.69%
75th Percentile £63.00 £50.38 "
90th Percentile £76.40 £56.15 £70.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £56.25 £38.55 £40.75
% change year-on-year +45.93% -5.41% -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 10,235 6,285 13,522
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.00% 15.17% 14.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,227 4,380 9,149
10th Percentile £350 £302 £304
25th Percentile £425 £407 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £600 £600 £600
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 145 154 320
10th Percentile £15.00 £12.50 £12.00
25th Percentile £18.19 £14.56 £14.00
Median hourly rate £39.50 £20.00 £19.25
Median % change year-on-year +97.50% +3.90% +1.32%
75th Percentile £51.00 £35.00 £35.19
90th Percentile £63.90 £49.76 £47.92
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.21 £19.50 £17.06
% change year-on-year +19.03% +14.30% -2.51%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 2,587 £540 -1.82% 1,012
London +21 1,729 £550 -2.22% 536
Work from Home +20 1,193 £550 +4.76% 242
UK excluding London +3 751 £513 -2.38% 532
North of England -8 193 £520 -5.45% 192
South East +27 192 £525 +5.00% 92
North West +5 112 £500 -7.58% 100
Scotland +9 98 £505 +12.22% 33
South West +24 94 £500 -9.09% 55
Midlands -19 68 £525 +12.90% 83
East of England -7 67 £550 +10.00% 49
Yorkshire -5 64 £525 -12.50% 64
West Midlands -12 59 £525 +11.70% 61
Wales +13 36 £494 +2.86% 23
North East -2 18 £600 +15.38% 28
East Midlands -10 8 £465 +9.41% 22
Northern Ireland - 5 £470 - 5

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 2,156 (65.59%) DevOps
2 1,717 (52.24%) AWS
3 1,505 (45.79%) Kubernetes
4 1,415 (43.05%) Azure
5 1,279 (38.91%) Docker
6 1,169 (35.56%) Ansible
7 1,133 (34.47%) Python
8 1,037 (31.55%) Agile Software Development
9 1,001 (30.45%) Infrastructure as Code
10 865 (26.32%) Linux
11 775 (23.58%) Jenkins
12 637 (19.38%) Java
13 619 (18.83%) Finance
14 606 (18.44%) GCP
15 576 (17.52%) Serverless
16 512 (15.58%) JavaScript
17 500 (15.21%) Git (software)
18 498 (15.15%) Software Engineering
19 468 (14.24%) PowerShell
20 464 (14.12%) Microservices
21 451 (13.72%) Node.js
22 444 (13.51%) AWS Lambda
23 443 (13.48%) Security Cleared
24 402 (12.23%) PaaS
25 377 (11.47%) Web Services
26 366 (11.13%) Bash Shell
27 364 (11.07%) React
27 364 (11.07%) GitHub
28 354 (10.77%) SC Cleared
29 347 (10.56%) Windows

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 161 (4.90%) Confluence
2 100 (3.04%) Apache Spark
3 93 (2.83%) Apache
4 77 (2.34%) Elasticsearch
5 68 (2.07%) nginx
6 67 (2.04%) Apache Airflow
7 37 (1.13%) SharePoint
8 32 (0.97%) Tomcat
9 21 (0.64%) WebSphere
10 20 (0.61%) Cloud Foundry
11 18 (0.55%) WebSphere Application Server
12 14 (0.43%) IIS
12 14 (0.43%) OpenStack
13 12 (0.37%) CMS
13 12 (0.37%) Jupyter
14 10 (0.30%) Drupal
15 9 (0.27%) IBM Domino
15 9 (0.27%) JBoss
16 8 (0.24%) Apache ServiceMix
17 6 (0.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 20 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.15%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.061%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.030%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.030%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 13 (0.40%) Sentinel
2 8 (0.24%) assyst
2 8 (0.24%) Magento
3 7 (0.21%) Shopify
4 4 (0.12%) SAP ERP
5 3 (0.091%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.091%) Oracle Applications
5 3 (0.091%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.061%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.061%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.061%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.030%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.030%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.030%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 1,717 (52.24%) AWS
2 1,415 (43.05%) Azure
3 606 (18.44%) GCP
4 576 (17.52%) Serverless
5 444 (13.51%) AWS Lambda
6 402 (12.23%) PaaS
7 364 (11.07%) GitHub
8 342 (10.40%) Amazon S3
9 323 (9.83%) AWS CloudFormation
10 302 (9.19%) IaaS
11 240 (7.30%) Amazon SQS
12 206 (6.27%) AWS Step Functions
13 186 (5.66%) Amazon EKS
14 151 (4.59%) SaaS
15 121 (3.68%) OpenShift
16 119 (3.62%) Amazon ECS
17 117 (3.56%) Amazon EC2
18 93 (2.83%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 90 (2.74%) Azure Active Directory
20 76 (2.31%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 205 (6.24%) Firewall
2 128 (3.89%) DNS
3 54 (1.64%) VPN
4 44 (1.34%) Network Security
5 42 (1.28%) WAN
6 32 (0.97%) SAN
7 30 (0.91%) LAN
8 27 (0.82%) Internet
9 26 (0.79%) NAS
10 25 (0.76%) SSL
11 22 (0.67%) HTTP
12 21 (0.64%) TCP/IP
13 20 (0.61%) DHCP
14 18 (0.55%) SSH
15 16 (0.49%) Multicast
16 15 (0.46%) Fibre Channel
16 15 (0.46%) iSCSI
17 14 (0.43%) Cisco Nexus
18 13 (0.40%) IPv4
19 11 (0.33%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 278 (8.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 267 (8.12%) Amazon RDS
3 168 (5.11%) PostgreSQL
4 165 (5.02%) Big Data
5 114 (3.47%) NoSQL
6 97 (2.95%) SQL Server
7 93 (2.83%) Hadoop
7 93 (2.83%) MongoDB
8 87 (2.65%) MySQL
9 68 (2.07%) BigQuery
10 63 (1.92%) Azure SQL Database
11 47 (1.43%) Data Warehouse
12 45 (1.37%) Amazon Redshift
13 41 (1.25%) Data Lake
14 39 (1.19%) Relational Database
15 31 (0.94%) Redis
16 28 (0.85%) Amazon Athena
17 27 (0.82%) Apache Cassandra
18 22 (0.67%) HBase
19 19 (0.58%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 775 (23.58%) Jenkins
2 500 (15.21%) Git (software)
3 263 (8.00%) GitLab
4 262 (7.97%) JIRA
5 151 (4.59%) Maven
6 126 (3.83%) CircleCI
7 111 (3.38%) Bitbucket
8 98 (2.98%) SonarQube
9 96 (2.92%) Artifactory
10 92 (2.80%) Sonatype Nexus
11 90 (2.74%) Travis CI
12 81 (2.46%) Gradle
13 69 (2.10%) gulp
14 64 (1.95%) TeamCity
15 62 (1.89%) Visual Studio
16 54 (1.64%) Octopus Deploy
17 37 (1.13%) Cucumber
18 33 (1.00%) Visual Studio Team System
19 28 (0.85%) Selenium
19 28 (0.85%) Terragrunt
General
1 619 (18.83%) Finance
2 314 (9.55%) Social Skills
3 241 (7.33%) Front Office
4 217 (6.60%) Public Sector
5 143 (4.35%) Banking
6 69 (2.10%) Analytical Skills
7 59 (1.79%) Retail
8 57 (1.73%) Presentation Skills
9 53 (1.61%) Telecoms
10 44 (1.34%) Marketing
11 35 (1.06%) Manufacturing
12 33 (1.00%) Electronics
13 29 (0.88%) Influencing Skills
14 21 (0.64%) Games
15 20 (0.61%) Investment Banking
16 18 (0.55%) Advertising
17 15 (0.46%) Financial Institution
18 12 (0.37%) iGaming
18 12 (0.37%) Retail Banking
19 11 (0.33%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,272 (38.70%) DevOps Engineer
2 611 (18.59%) Developer
3 513 (15.61%) AWS Engineer
4 506 (15.39%) Azure Engineer
5 336 (10.22%) AWS DevOps
6 329 (10.01%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 312 (9.49%) Cloud Engineer
8 305 (9.28%) Architect
9 295 (8.97%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 254 (7.73%) React Developer
11 222 (6.75%) Azure DevOps
12 197 (5.99%) Platform Engineer
13 189 (5.75%) AWS Developer
14 163 (4.96%) Full Stack Developer
15 152 (4.62%) Senior DevOps
16 144 (4.38%) Senior DevOps Engineer
17 132 (4.02%) Consultant
18 122 (3.71%) Kubernetes Engineer
19 112 (3.41%) Cloud Architect
20 95 (2.89%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 451 (13.72%) Node.js
2 377 (11.47%) Web Services
3 364 (11.07%) React
4 212 (6.45%) Kafka
5 210 (6.39%) .NET
6 162 (4.93%) Material-UI
7 143 (4.35%) REST
8 132 (4.02%) Spring
9 102 (3.10%) Elastic Stack
9 102 (3.10%) Spring Boot
10 95 (2.89%) YAML
11 89 (2.71%) .NET Core
12 84 (2.56%) JSON
13 81 (2.46%) GraphQL
14 59 (1.79%) AngularJS
15 45 (1.37%) RabbitMQ
16 41 (1.25%) RESTful
17 34 (1.03%) CSS
18 31 (0.94%) ADO
19 30 (0.91%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 219 (6.66%) Cloud Native
2 208 (6.33%) Public Cloud
3 109 (3.32%) Data Centre
4 91 (2.77%) Greenfield Project
5 68 (2.07%) User Experience
6 51 (1.55%) Hybrid Cloud
7 49 (1.49%) Algorithms
8 42 (1.28%) Linux Command Line
9 40 (1.22%) Data Structures
10 39 (1.19%) Data Protection Act
11 36 (1.10%) Management Information System
12 35 (1.06%) Self-Motivation
13 32 (0.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 31 (0.94%) Mobile App
15 29 (0.88%) Enterprise Software
16 26 (0.79%) PKI
16 26 (0.79%) Private Cloud
17 25 (0.76%) Hedge funds
18 24 (0.73%) Enterprise Cloud
19 17 (0.52%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 865 (26.32%) Linux
2 347 (10.56%) Windows
3 99 (3.01%) Windows Server
4 86 (2.62%) CentOS
4 86 (2.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 76 (2.31%) Unix
6 41 (1.25%) Ubuntu
7 37 (1.13%) VMS
8 26 (0.79%) Amazon Linux
9 24 (0.73%) Solaris
10 21 (0.64%) CoreOS
11 20 (0.61%) Windows 10
12 13 (0.40%) Windows Server 2019
13 12 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
13 12 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
14 11 (0.33%) Android
15 8 (0.24%) SUSE
15 8 (0.24%) Windows Server 2016
16 7 (0.21%) Alpine Linux
17 5 (0.15%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,156 (65.59%) DevOps
2 1,037 (31.55%) Agile Software Development
3 1,001 (30.45%) Infrastructure as Code
4 498 (15.15%) Software Engineering
5 464 (14.12%) Microservices
6 301 (9.16%) Configuration Management
7 283 (8.61%) Continuous Integration
8 255 (7.76%) Migration
9 234 (7.12%) Asset Management
10 232 (7.06%) Investment Management
10 232 (7.06%) TDD
11 220 (6.69%) Open Source
12 216 (6.57%) Scrum
13 213 (6.48%) Test Automation
14 156 (4.75%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 151 (4.59%) Continuous Delivery
16 137 (4.17%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 128 (3.89%) Infrastructure Automation
18 126 (3.83%) Mentoring
19 118 (3.59%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,133 (34.47%) Python
2 637 (19.38%) Java
3 512 (15.58%) JavaScript
4 468 (14.24%) PowerShell
5 366 (11.13%) Bash Shell
6 329 (10.01%) TypeScript
7 303 (9.22%) SQL
8 206 (6.27%) Go
9 184 (5.60%) C#
10 129 (3.92%) Groovy
11 124 (3.77%) Ruby
12 74 (2.25%) Kotlin
13 63 (1.92%) Shell Script
14 59 (1.79%) Scala
15 51 (1.55%) PHP
16 48 (1.46%) C++
17 44 (1.34%) Perl
18 36 (1.10%) C
19 24 (0.73%) Java 8
20 23 (0.70%) Rust
Qualifications
1 443 (13.48%) Security Cleared
2 354 (10.77%) SC Cleared
3 101 (3.07%) Degree
4 70 (2.13%) AWS Certification
5 56 (1.70%) DV Cleared
6 26 (0.79%) BPSS Clearance
7 12 (0.37%) Computer Science Degree
8 11 (0.33%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 10 (0.30%) RHCE
10 9 (0.27%) CISSP
10 9 (0.27%) Novell Certification
11 8 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
11 8 (0.24%) DBS Check
11 8 (0.24%) TOGAF Certification
12 7 (0.21%) RHCA
13 6 (0.18%) ISEB
13 6 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
13 6 (0.18%) SAFe Agilist
14 5 (0.15%) CTC Cleared
15 4 (0.12%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (1.58%) QA
2 17 (0.52%) SLA
3 13 (0.40%) NIST
4 9 (0.27%) Accessibility
5 8 (0.24%) PCI DSS
6 7 (0.21%) GDPR
6 7 (0.21%) NCSC
7 5 (0.15%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.061%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.061%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.061%) WCAG
9 1 (0.030%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.030%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.030%) HL7
9 1 (0.030%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.030%) OpenSCAP
9 1 (0.030%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,279 (38.91%) Docker
2 181 (5.51%) Active Directory
3 130 (3.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 68 (2.07%) Virtual Machines
5 50 (1.52%) Hyper-V
6 34 (1.03%) Virtual Desktop
7 29 (0.88%) VMware ESXi
8 24 (0.73%) vSphere
9 19 (0.58%) KVM
10 16 (0.49%) Microsoft App-V
11 15 (0.46%) NFS
12 14 (0.43%) HDFS
13 13 (0.40%) Varnish
14 11 (0.33%) SRDF
14 11 (0.33%) Xen
15 10 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
16 7 (0.21%) Postfix
16 7 (0.21%) qmail
17 5 (0.15%) Squid
17 5 (0.15%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 1,505 (45.79%) Kubernetes
2 1,169 (35.56%) Ansible
3 287 (8.73%) Puppet
4 272 (8.28%) Opscode Chef
5 144 (4.38%) Prometheus
6 128 (3.89%) Packer
7 116 (3.53%) Grafana
8 80 (2.43%) Istio
9 45 (1.37%) Docker Swarm
10 37 (1.13%) Rancher
11 36 (1.10%) Kibana
12 35 (1.06%) vRealize
13 31 (0.94%) Nagios
14 29 (0.88%) Microsoft Intune
15 26 (0.79%) SCCM
16 25 (0.76%) Argo
17 23 (0.70%) Active Directory Federation Services
17 23 (0.70%) Consul
18 22 (0.67%) logstash
19 19 (0.58%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 324 (9.86%) Microsoft
2 294 (8.94%) Google
3 187 (5.69%) VMware
4 121 (3.68%) Splunk
5 96 (2.92%) Oracle
6 91 (2.77%) Red Hat
7 66 (2.01%) Databricks
8 50 (1.52%) SAP
9 47 (1.43%) Cisco
10 43 (1.31%) Atlassian
11 41 (1.25%) Cloudera
11 41 (1.25%) IBM
12 35 (1.06%) New Relic
13 31 (0.94%) Dynatrace
13 31 (0.94%) Hortonworks
14 28 (0.85%) NetApp
14 28 (0.85%) Palo Alto
15 25 (0.76%) Dell
16 24 (0.73%) ServiceNow
17 22 (0.67%) EMC