Period
to 28 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 28 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 41 58 73
Rank change year-on-year +17 +15 +36
Contract jobs citing Terraform 4,414 1,181 2,775
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.45% 4.01% 3.19%
As % of the Systems Management category 34.36% 25.02% 21.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,268 915 1,936
10th Percentile £446 £382 £450
25th Percentile £500 £461 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £538 £575
Median % change year-on-year +2.33% -6.52% +4.55%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £650
90th Percentile £713 £688 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £500 £538
% change year-on-year +5.00% -6.98% +7.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 4 4
10th Percentile £51.88 £38.78 £14.38
25th Percentile £60.56 £39.56 £20.56
Median hourly rate £72.00 £40.00 £47.00
Median % change year-on-year +80.00% -14.89% -27.69%
75th Percentile £81.25 £41.06 £70.00
90th Percentile £82.50 £41.63 "
UK excluding London median hourly rate £72.00 £40.75 £24.00
% change year-on-year +76.69% +69.79% -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 12,847 4,720 13,037
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.85% 16.03% 14.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,128 3,253 8,950
10th Percentile £356 £313 £281
25th Percentile £450 £405 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £600
90th Percentile £700 £663 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 161 90 298
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.31 £12.44
25th Percentile £16.18 £14.00 £14.96
Median hourly rate £23.00 £19.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +17.95% -7.14% +20.00%
75th Percentile £48.75 £39.75 £40.56
90th Percentile £65.00 £50.20 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.52 £19.38 £19.82
% change year-on-year +0.72% -2.25% +13.26%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 28 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +16 3,500 £550 +1.38% 1,182
London +26 2,221 £575 +4.55% 636
Work from Home +4 1,434 £550 +4.76% 235
UK excluding London +12 1,076 £525 +5.00% 597
North of England -15 296 £525 - 217
South East +33 286 £550 +10.00% 103
North West -5 166 £525 - 128
Midlands +5 119 £525 +16.67% 94
South West +4 116 £500 - 52
West Midlands +14 105 £525 +8.47% 62
Scotland -25 101 £518 +35.74% 39
East of England +4 99 £550 +10.43% 70
Yorkshire +4 95 £525 +10.53% 59
Wales +10 57 £520 +6.39% 19
North East -3 38 £565 +13.00% 30
East Midlands -41 10 £564 +39.20% 32
Northern Ireland +2 8 £490 - 3

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 2,984 (67.60%) DevOps
2 2,358 (53.42%) AWS
3 2,124 (48.12%) Kubernetes
4 1,790 (40.55%) Azure
5 1,782 (40.37%) Docker
6 1,581 (35.82%) Ansible
7 1,497 (33.91%) Python
8 1,410 (31.94%) Infrastructure as Code
9 1,315 (29.79%) Agile Software Development
10 1,198 (27.14%) Linux
11 1,134 (25.69%) Jenkins
12 830 (18.80%) GCP
13 828 (18.76%) Java
14 804 (18.21%) Finance
15 736 (16.67%) Serverless
16 671 (15.20%) Microservices
17 637 (14.43%) Bash Shell
18 626 (14.18%) JavaScript
19 617 (13.98%) Git (software)
20 570 (12.91%) Software Engineering
21 562 (12.73%) PowerShell
22 553 (12.53%) AWS Lambda
23 530 (12.01%) GitHub
24 524 (11.87%) PaaS
25 510 (11.55%) Node.js
26 499 (11.30%) Security Cleared
27 492 (11.15%) AWS CloudFormation
28 451 (10.22%) Windows
29 432 (9.79%) Microsoft
30 430 (9.74%) Web Services

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 205 (4.64%) Confluence
2 176 (3.99%) Apache Spark
3 149 (3.38%) Elasticsearch
4 140 (3.17%) Apache
5 99 (2.24%) nginx
6 80 (1.81%) Apache Airflow
7 47 (1.06%) Tomcat
8 45 (1.02%) SharePoint
9 44 (1.00%) OpenStack
10 25 (0.57%) IIS
11 20 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
12 18 (0.41%) Jupyter
13 16 (0.36%) WebSphere
14 12 (0.27%) JBoss
14 12 (0.27%) SAS
14 12 (0.27%) WebSphere Application Server
15 10 (0.23%) Appian
15 10 (0.23%) Exchange Server 2013
16 9 (0.20%) Traefik
17 7 (0.16%) Drupal
Applications
1 15 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (0.25%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.045%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.023%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.023%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 20 (0.45%) Sentinel
2 9 (0.20%) Cloudability
3 8 (0.18%) assyst
4 7 (0.16%) Shopify
5 4 (0.091%) Magento
6 3 (0.068%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.068%) Remedy ITSM
6 3 (0.068%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.045%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.045%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.045%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.045%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.023%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.023%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.023%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 2,358 (53.42%) AWS
2 1,790 (40.55%) Azure
3 830 (18.80%) GCP
4 736 (16.67%) Serverless
5 553 (12.53%) AWS Lambda
6 530 (12.01%) GitHub
7 524 (11.87%) PaaS
8 492 (11.15%) AWS CloudFormation
9 408 (9.24%) IaaS
10 405 (9.18%) Amazon S3
11 292 (6.62%) Amazon EKS
12 261 (5.91%) Amazon SQS
13 247 (5.60%) Amazon EC2
14 232 (5.26%) Amazon ECS
15 226 (5.12%) AWS Step Functions
16 212 (4.80%) SaaS
17 139 (3.15%) OpenShift
18 123 (2.79%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 121 (2.74%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 119 (2.70%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 219 (4.96%) Firewall
2 200 (4.53%) DNS
3 99 (2.24%) VPN
4 66 (1.50%) Network Security
5 63 (1.43%) SSL
6 57 (1.29%) WAN
7 54 (1.22%) Internet
8 41 (0.93%) TCP/IP
9 38 (0.86%) LAN
10 35 (0.79%) HTTP
11 34 (0.77%) SAN
12 29 (0.66%) BGP
13 22 (0.50%) DHCP
14 20 (0.45%) Reverse Proxy
15 18 (0.41%) IPv4
15 18 (0.41%) Software-Defined Networking
16 16 (0.36%) IPsec
16 16 (0.36%) Kerberos
16 16 (0.36%) NAS
17 15 (0.34%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 322 (7.29%) Amazon RDS
2 303 (6.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 245 (5.55%) Big Data
4 240 (5.44%) PostgreSQL
5 160 (3.62%) Hadoop
6 153 (3.47%) NoSQL
7 138 (3.13%) SQL Server
8 133 (3.01%) MongoDB
9 115 (2.61%) MySQL
10 90 (2.04%) Relational Database
11 76 (1.72%) BigQuery
12 70 (1.59%) Azure SQL Database
13 66 (1.50%) Data Lake
14 62 (1.40%) Amazon Redshift
15 60 (1.36%) Data Warehouse
16 58 (1.31%) Apache Cassandra
17 55 (1.25%) Redis
18 40 (0.91%) RDBMS
19 38 (0.86%) Apache Hive
20 37 (0.84%) HBase
Development Applications
1 1,134 (25.69%) Jenkins
2 617 (13.98%) Git (software)
3 429 (9.72%) GitLab
4 321 (7.27%) JIRA
5 226 (5.12%) Maven
6 173 (3.92%) CircleCI
7 152 (3.44%) Gradle
8 151 (3.42%) Bitbucket
9 138 (3.13%) TeamCity
10 134 (3.04%) Sonatype Nexus
11 130 (2.95%) Artifactory
12 118 (2.67%) SonarQube
13 100 (2.27%) Travis CI
14 89 (2.02%) Terragrunt
15 77 (1.74%) gulp
16 59 (1.34%) Octopus Deploy
17 55 (1.25%) Cucumber
18 54 (1.22%) Selenium
19 52 (1.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 33 (0.75%) Cypress.io
General
1 804 (18.21%) Finance
2 421 (9.54%) Social Skills
3 325 (7.36%) Public Sector
4 227 (5.14%) Front Office
5 178 (4.03%) Banking
6 105 (2.38%) Analytical Skills
7 92 (2.08%) Retail
8 69 (1.56%) Legal
9 67 (1.52%) Telecoms
10 65 (1.47%) Financial Institution
10 65 (1.47%) Presentation Skills
11 48 (1.09%) Games
12 44 (1.00%) Marketing
13 38 (0.86%) Law
14 37 (0.84%) Manufacturing
15 33 (0.75%) Investment Banking
16 32 (0.72%) Electronics
17 20 (0.45%) Publishing
18 19 (0.43%) Billing
19 16 (0.36%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 1,676 (37.97%) DevOps Engineer
2 705 (15.97%) AWS Engineer
3 637 (14.43%) Developer
4 607 (13.75%) Azure Engineer
5 435 (9.86%) AWS DevOps
6 397 (8.99%) Cloud Engineer
7 393 (8.90%) Architect
8 379 (8.59%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 355 (8.04%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 245 (5.55%) Azure DevOps
11 230 (5.21%) Platform Engineer
12 194 (4.40%) React Developer
13 176 (3.99%) Software Engineer
14 167 (3.78%) Consultant
15 160 (3.62%) Cloud Architect
16 154 (3.49%) Data Engineer
17 150 (3.40%) Kubernetes Engineer
18 143 (3.24%) Full Stack Developer
19 140 (3.17%) Site Reliability Engineer
20 135 (3.06%) Azure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 510 (11.55%) Node.js
2 430 (9.74%) Web Services
3 415 (9.40%) React
4 314 (7.11%) Kafka
5 224 (5.07%) .NET
6 212 (4.80%) Spring
7 201 (4.55%) Material-UI
8 173 (3.92%) REST
9 169 (3.83%) Spring Boot
10 146 (3.31%) ARM Templates
11 127 (2.88%) Elastic Stack
11 127 (2.88%) YAML
12 120 (2.72%) JSON
13 96 (2.17%) AngularJS
14 89 (2.02%) GraphQL
15 82 (1.86%) CSS
16 79 (1.79%) .NET Core
17 75 (1.70%) HTML
18 50 (1.13%) Lambda Expressions
19 49 (1.11%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 250 (5.66%) Public Cloud
2 232 (5.26%) Cloud Native
3 155 (3.51%) Data Centre
4 138 (3.13%) Data Protection Act
5 81 (1.84%) Linux Command Line
6 69 (1.56%) Hybrid Cloud
7 67 (1.52%) Hedge funds
8 60 (1.36%) Greenfield Project
9 55 (1.25%) Management Information System
10 50 (1.13%) PKI
10 50 (1.13%) User Experience
11 49 (1.11%) Self-Motivation
12 40 (0.91%) iPad
12 40 (0.91%) Legacy Applications
13 35 (0.79%) Clustering
14 34 (0.77%) Algorithms
15 32 (0.72%) Enterprise Cloud
16 30 (0.68%) Data Structures
17 28 (0.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 28 (0.63%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 1,198 (27.14%) Linux
2 451 (10.22%) Windows
3 131 (2.97%) Unix
4 130 (2.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 91 (2.06%) Windows Server
6 86 (1.95%) CentOS
7 60 (1.36%) Ubuntu
8 40 (0.91%) VMS
9 33 (0.75%) Amazon Linux
10 27 (0.61%) CoreOS
11 21 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
12 20 (0.45%) Windows Server 2019
13 16 (0.36%) Solaris
14 11 (0.25%) Windows Server 2016
15 10 (0.23%) Windows 10
16 9 (0.20%) SUSE
17 8 (0.18%) Debian
17 8 (0.18%) Oracle Linux
18 7 (0.16%) Alpine Linux
18 7 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,984 (67.60%) DevOps
2 1,410 (31.94%) Infrastructure as Code
3 1,315 (29.79%) Agile Software Development
4 671 (15.20%) Microservices
5 570 (12.91%) Software Engineering
6 412 (9.33%) Configuration Management
7 399 (9.04%) Full Stack Development
8 384 (8.70%) Continuous Integration
9 343 (7.77%) Migration
10 337 (7.63%) Test Automation
11 331 (7.50%) Site Reliability Engineering
12 298 (6.75%) TDD
13 280 (6.34%) Scrum
14 270 (6.12%) Open Source
15 231 (5.23%) Asset Management
16 221 (5.01%) Investment Management
17 214 (4.85%) Continuous Delivery
18 206 (4.67%) Problem-Solving
19 205 (4.64%) Data Protection
20 199 (4.51%) Infrastructure Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,497 (33.91%) Python
2 828 (18.76%) Java
3 637 (14.43%) Bash Shell
4 626 (14.18%) JavaScript
5 562 (12.73%) PowerShell
6 414 (9.38%) SQL
7 367 (8.31%) TypeScript
8 283 (6.41%) Go
9 230 (5.21%) C#
10 188 (4.26%) Groovy
11 171 (3.87%) Ruby
12 110 (2.49%) Scala
13 93 (2.11%) PHP
14 70 (1.59%) Shell Script
15 69 (1.56%) Perl
16 63 (1.43%) C
17 59 (1.34%) C++
18 47 (1.06%) Kotlin
19 36 (0.82%) Java 8
20 27 (0.61%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 499 (11.30%) Security Cleared
2 385 (8.72%) SC Cleared
3 139 (3.15%) Degree
4 95 (2.15%) AWS Certification
5 58 (1.31%) BPSS Clearance
6 50 (1.13%) DV Cleared
7 40 (0.91%) Computer Science Degree
8 23 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
9 18 (0.41%) CISSP
10 12 (0.27%) CCNP
10 12 (0.27%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 10 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
12 9 (0.20%) DBS Check
12 9 (0.20%) RHCE
13 7 (0.16%) CCIE
13 7 (0.16%) RHCA
13 7 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
14 5 (0.11%) CISM
14 5 (0.11%) ISEB
14 5 (0.11%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 67 (1.52%) GDPR
2 63 (1.43%) QA
3 29 (0.66%) SLA
4 21 (0.48%) Accessibility
5 13 (0.29%) PCI DSS
6 12 (0.27%) NCSC
7 10 (0.23%) Data Quality
7 10 (0.23%) NIST
8 6 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
8 6 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 5 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 4 (0.091%) IFRS
11 3 (0.068%) FedRAMP
11 3 (0.068%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.045%) HL7
13 1 (0.023%) Cyber Essentials
13 1 (0.023%) DO-178B
13 1 (0.023%) HIPAA
13 1 (0.023%) IFRS 9
13 1 (0.023%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,782 (40.37%) Docker
2 233 (5.28%) Active Directory
3 146 (3.31%) VMware Infrastructure
4 64 (1.45%) Virtual Machines
5 38 (0.86%) vSphere
6 34 (0.77%) Hyper-V
7 29 (0.66%) Virtual Desktop
7 29 (0.66%) VMware ESXi
8 27 (0.61%) HDFS
9 21 (0.48%) NFS
10 15 (0.34%) VMware NSX
11 14 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 12 (0.27%) KVM
12 12 (0.27%) Varnish
13 11 (0.25%) vCloud
14 9 (0.20%) Microsoft App-V
15 7 (0.16%) Squid
15 7 (0.16%) Xen
15 7 (0.16%) XenApp
15 7 (0.16%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 2,124 (48.12%) Kubernetes
2 1,581 (35.82%) Ansible
3 423 (9.58%) Puppet
4 335 (7.59%) Opscode Chef
5 262 (5.94%) Prometheus
6 197 (4.46%) Grafana
7 175 (3.96%) Packer
8 136 (3.08%) Istio
9 83 (1.88%) Docker Swarm
10 62 (1.40%) Rancher
11 52 (1.18%) Nagios
12 50 (1.13%) Kibana
13 49 (1.11%) Consul
14 32 (0.72%) vRealize
15 29 (0.66%) ZABBIX
16 23 (0.52%) Argo
16 23 (0.52%) vCenter Server
17 21 (0.48%) HAProxy
18 20 (0.45%) logstash
18 20 (0.45%) Mesos
Vendors
1 432 (9.79%) Microsoft
2 372 (8.43%) Google
3 234 (5.30%) VMware
4 179 (4.06%) Splunk
5 135 (3.06%) Oracle
6 117 (2.65%) Red Hat
7 93 (2.11%) Databricks
8 78 (1.77%) Cisco
9 70 (1.59%) Atlassian
10 60 (1.36%) SAP
11 53 (1.20%) New Relic
12 50 (1.13%) Cloudera
13 47 (1.06%) IBM
14 43 (0.97%) Dynatrace
15 42 (0.95%) Hortonworks
16 41 (0.93%) AppDynamics
17 37 (0.84%) Palo Alto
18 34 (0.77%) Dell
19 25 (0.57%) HP
19 25 (0.57%) NetApp