Period
to 10 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 10 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
UK
6 months to
10 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 55 73 123
Rank change year-on-year +18 +50 +135
Contract jobs citing Terraform 1,379 2,901 2,257
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.94% 3.16% 2.18%
As % of the Systems Management category 26.36% 21.29% 16.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,080 2,030 1,761
Median daily rate £550 £563 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.22% +2.27% +4.76%
10th Percentile £406 £450 £425
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £510 £531 £500
% change year-on-year -3.86% +6.10% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 10 1
Median hourly rate £35.00 £52.00 £65.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -32.69% -20.00% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.55 £35.00 -
% change year-on-year +10.13% - -

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 5,232 13,629 14,064
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.94% 14.86% 13.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,339 9,144 9,415
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.26%
10th Percentile £306 £282 £275
90th Percentile £675 £672 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 145 328 382
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.00 £19.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% +9.09% +10.00%
10th Percentile £13.26 £12.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £49.50 £49.39 £49.78
Median hourly rate £21.00 £18.38 £17.50
% change year-on-year +14.29% +5.00% +3.32%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Terraform.

Hourly rate trend for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Terraform over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Terraform in the UK

Terraform
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Terraform within the UK over the 6 months to 10 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +16 1,274 £550 -2.65% 425
London +5 727 £550 -5.98% 219
UK excluding London +32 563 £510 -3.86% 230
North of England +40 220 £540 +0.47% 76
Work from Home +3 137 £525 -1.41% 63
South East +64 106 £507 -3.43% 55
North West +14 94 £525 -4.55% 47
Yorkshire +61 87 £600 +20.00% 23
Midlands +2 70 £450 -14.29% 22
South West +7 56 £525 -6.95% 34
East of England +28 51 £500 - 19
West Midlands +5 50 £475 -13.64% 17
North East +28 32 £500 - 6
Scotland +16 32 £388 -26.19% 5
Wales +30 28 £475 - 19
East Midlands +19 18 £405 -19.00% 5

For the 6 months to 10 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Terraform.

1 1,013 (73.46%) DevOps
2 865 (62.73%) AWS
3 707 (51.27%) Kubernetes
4 621 (45.03%) Docker
5 604 (43.80%) Ansible
6 589 (42.71%) Python
7 534 (38.72%) Agile Software Development
8 519 (37.64%) Jenkins
9 504 (36.55%) Azure
10 430 (31.18%) Linux
11 379 (27.48%) Infrastructure as Code
12 376 (27.27%) Java
13 303 (21.97%) Git (software)
14 283 (20.52%) Puppet
15 260 (18.85%) Finance
16 257 (18.64%) Security Cleared
17 237 (17.19%) Continuous Integration
18 231 (16.75%) Microservices
19 222 (16.10%) AWS CloudFormation
20 220 (15.95%) Serverless
21 216 (15.66%) GCP
22 209 (15.16%) SC Cleared
23 204 (14.79%) Amazon S3
24 202 (14.65%) Amazon EC2
24 202 (14.65%) Configuration Management
25 198 (14.36%) Software Engineering
26 194 (14.07%) GitLab
27 183 (13.27%) Bash Shell
28 180 (13.05%) Opscode Chef
29 178 (12.91%) AWS Lambda

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 98 (7.11%) Confluence
2 59 (4.28%) Elasticsearch
3 46 (3.34%) nginx
4 36 (2.61%) Apache Spark
5 35 (2.54%) Apache
6 20 (1.45%) SAS
6 20 (1.45%) Tomcat
7 18 (1.31%) OpenStack
8 17 (1.23%) Cloud Foundry
9 10 (0.73%) JBoss
10 9 (0.65%) Jupyter
11 8 (0.58%) SharePoint
12 7 (0.51%) IIS
13 6 (0.44%) Apache Airflow
14 5 (0.36%) WebSphere
15 4 (0.29%) CMS
16 3 (0.22%) Drupal
16 3 (0.22%) MS Exchange
16 3 (0.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 3 (0.22%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 3 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.073%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.073%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 7 (0.51%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 3 (0.22%) Shopify
3 2 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.15%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.073%) Actimize
4 1 (0.073%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 865 (62.73%) AWS
2 504 (36.55%) Azure
3 222 (16.10%) AWS CloudFormation
4 220 (15.95%) Serverless
5 216 (15.66%) GCP
6 204 (14.79%) Amazon S3
7 202 (14.65%) Amazon EC2
8 178 (12.91%) AWS Lambda
9 147 (10.66%) Amazon ECS
10 139 (10.08%) OpenShift
11 118 (8.56%) GitHub
12 81 (5.87%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 79 (5.73%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 76 (5.51%) Amazon SQS
15 73 (5.29%) PaaS
16 63 (4.57%) Amazon EKS
17 62 (4.50%) IaaS
18 49 (3.55%) Route 53
19 31 (2.25%) Amazon EMR
20 27 (1.96%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 76 (5.51%) Firewall
2 56 (4.06%) HTTP
3 55 (3.99%) DNS
4 48 (3.48%) TCP/IP
5 22 (1.60%) VPN
6 20 (1.45%) Reverse Proxy
7 17 (1.23%) VLAN
8 14 (1.02%) Internet
8 14 (1.02%) Kerberos
9 13 (0.94%) SNMP
10 12 (0.87%) SSL
11 9 (0.65%) Network Security
12 8 (0.58%) Skype
12 8 (0.58%) WAN
13 7 (0.51%) DSL
14 6 (0.44%) OpenVPN
15 5 (0.36%) BIG-IP
15 5 (0.36%) DHCP
15 5 (0.36%) FTP
15 5 (0.36%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 130 (9.43%) Amazon RDS
2 105 (7.61%) Big Data
3 94 (6.82%) Hadoop
4 86 (6.24%) MySQL
5 85 (6.16%) Amazon Redshift
6 73 (5.29%) NoSQL
7 72 (5.22%) PostgreSQL
8 57 (4.13%) MongoDB
9 56 (4.06%) SQL Server
10 42 (3.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 38 (2.76%) Relational Database
12 30 (2.18%) Oracle Database
13 28 (2.03%) Data Warehouse
14 27 (1.96%) BigQuery
15 23 (1.67%) Redis
16 19 (1.38%) Apache Hive
17 17 (1.23%) Apache Cassandra
18 16 (1.16%) MariaDB
18 16 (1.16%) RDBMS
19 13 (0.94%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 519 (37.64%) Jenkins
2 303 (21.97%) Git (software)
3 194 (14.07%) GitLab
4 161 (11.68%) JIRA
5 113 (8.19%) Artifactory
6 94 (6.82%) CircleCI
7 88 (6.38%) Bitbucket
8 77 (5.58%) Maven
9 46 (3.34%) Sonatype Nexus
10 45 (3.26%) Selenium
10 45 (3.26%) SonarQube
11 44 (3.19%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 43 (3.12%) RStudio
13 35 (2.54%) Cucumber
13 35 (2.54%) Gradle
14 34 (2.47%) Travis CI
15 30 (2.18%) TeamCity
16 28 (2.03%) JUnit
17 25 (1.81%) Subversion
18 24 (1.74%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 260 (18.85%) Finance
2 108 (7.83%) Public Sector
3 69 (5.00%) Front Office
4 64 (4.64%) Banking
5 30 (2.18%) Marketing
6 25 (1.81%) Retail
7 23 (1.67%) Telecoms
8 19 (1.38%) Manufacturing
9 15 (1.09%) Electronics
10 10 (0.73%) Investment Banking
10 10 (0.73%) Law
11 8 (0.58%) Games
12 6 (0.44%) Legal
12 6 (0.44%) Publishing
13 5 (0.36%) Financial Institution
13 5 (0.36%) Local Government
14 4 (0.29%) Advertising
14 4 (0.29%) Billing
14 4 (0.29%) Police
15 2 (0.15%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 608 (44.09%) DevOps Engineer
2 259 (18.78%) AWS Engineer
3 205 (14.87%) AWS DevOps
4 201 (14.58%) Developer
5 172 (12.47%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 127 (9.21%) Cloud Engineer
7 105 (7.61%) Azure Engineer
8 93 (6.74%) Senior DevOps
9 85 (6.16%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 83 (6.02%) Kubernetes Engineer
11 81 (5.87%) Architect
12 77 (5.58%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 67 (4.86%) Python Engineer
14 58 (4.21%) Java Developer
15 51 (3.70%) AWS Developer
15 51 (3.70%) Azure DevOps
16 49 (3.55%) Platform Engineer
17 47 (3.41%) Python Developer
18 43 (3.12%) Software Engineer
19 42 (3.05%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 154 (11.17%) Web Services
2 146 (10.59%) Node.js
3 108 (7.83%) Kafka
4 84 (6.09%) React
5 75 (5.44%) .NET
6 65 (4.71%) REST
7 63 (4.57%) RESTful
8 62 (4.50%) CSS
9 56 (4.06%) J2SE
9 56 (4.06%) Spring
10 54 (3.92%) AngularJS
11 53 (3.84%) J2EE
12 48 (3.48%) Elastic Stack
13 43 (3.12%) Spring Boot
14 40 (2.90%) RabbitMQ
15 35 (2.54%) HTML
16 30 (2.18%) Swagger
17 29 (2.10%) .NET Core
17 29 (2.10%) LDAP
17 29 (2.10%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 94 (6.82%) Public Cloud
2 66 (4.79%) Cloud Native
3 64 (4.64%) Analytical Skills
4 61 (4.42%) Fixed Income
5 60 (4.35%) Equities
6 59 (4.28%) Derivative
7 47 (3.41%) Data Centre
8 40 (2.90%) Linux Command Line
9 31 (2.25%) User Experience
10 29 (2.10%) Greenfield Project
11 26 (1.89%) Hybrid Cloud
12 19 (1.38%) Algorithms
13 17 (1.23%) Data Structures
14 14 (1.02%) Mobile App
14 14 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
15 13 (0.94%) Blog
15 13 (0.94%) Management Information System
15 13 (0.94%) PKI
15 13 (0.94%) Private Cloud
16 12 (0.87%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 430 (31.18%) Linux
2 141 (10.22%) Windows
3 79 (5.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 78 (5.66%) Unix
5 59 (4.28%) CentOS
6 51 (3.70%) Windows Server
7 23 (1.67%) Windows Server 2016
8 22 (1.60%) Windows 10
9 12 (0.87%) Android
9 12 (0.87%) Apple iOS
9 12 (0.87%) Ubuntu
9 12 (0.87%) Windows Server 2012
10 11 (0.80%) Mac OS X
11 9 (0.65%) VMS
12 8 (0.58%) CoreOS
12 8 (0.58%) Windows Server 2019
13 6 (0.44%) Windows Server 2008
14 5 (0.36%) Debian
14 5 (0.36%) Solaris
14 5 (0.36%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,013 (73.46%) DevOps
2 534 (38.72%) Agile Software Development
3 379 (27.48%) Infrastructure as Code
4 237 (17.19%) Continuous Integration
5 231 (16.75%) Microservices
6 202 (14.65%) Configuration Management
7 198 (14.36%) Software Engineering
8 156 (11.31%) Scrum
9 153 (11.09%) Open Source
10 130 (9.43%) Migration
11 129 (9.35%) Infrastructure Automation
12 118 (8.56%) Continuous Delivery
13 114 (8.27%) Test Automation
14 112 (8.12%) Deployment Automation
15 108 (7.83%) TDD
16 92 (6.67%) Mentoring
17 79 (5.73%) Kanban
18 73 (5.29%) Asset Management
18 73 (5.29%) Decision-Making
19 68 (4.93%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 589 (42.71%) Python
2 376 (27.27%) Java
3 183 (13.27%) Bash Shell
4 176 (12.76%) JavaScript
5 168 (12.18%) PowerShell
6 134 (9.72%) Go
7 108 (7.83%) SQL
8 92 (6.67%) C#
9 79 (5.73%) Ruby
10 67 (4.86%) TypeScript
11 64 (4.64%) Groovy
12 57 (4.13%) R
13 40 (2.90%) Shell Script
14 38 (2.76%) Scala
15 35 (2.54%) Java 8
16 31 (2.25%) PHP
17 24 (1.74%) Perl
18 18 (1.31%) ES6
19 15 (1.09%) PL/SQL
20 9 (0.65%) C++
Qualifications
1 257 (18.64%) Security Cleared
2 209 (15.16%) SC Cleared
3 58 (4.21%) AWS Certification
4 41 (2.97%) DV Cleared
5 19 (1.38%) BPSS Clearance
5 19 (1.38%) Degree
6 12 (0.87%) CCA
7 11 (0.80%) Computer Science Degree
8 10 (0.73%) Microsoft Certification
9 8 (0.58%) CISM
9 8 (0.58%) CISSP
9 8 (0.58%) DBS Check
10 7 (0.51%) Cisco Certification
11 6 (0.44%) ISTQB
11 6 (0.44%) OCP
11 6 (0.44%) Oracle Certification
12 5 (0.36%) CESG Certified Professional
12 5 (0.36%) CRISC
12 5 (0.36%) MCSE
12 5 (0.36%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (2.03%) QA
2 9 (0.65%) GDPR
3 6 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 6 (0.44%) PCI DSS
4 5 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
4 5 (0.36%) NIST
5 4 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.22%) HIPAA
6 3 (0.22%) SLA
7 2 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
7 2 (0.15%) NCSC
8 1 (0.073%) FedRAMP
System Software
1 621 (45.03%) Docker
2 50 (3.63%) VMware Infrastructure
3 42 (3.05%) Active Directory
4 26 (1.89%) Virtual Machines
5 18 (1.31%) vSphere
6 11 (0.80%) VMware ESXi
7 10 (0.73%) Hyper-V
8 7 (0.51%) NFS
9 6 (0.44%) HDFS
10 4 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 4 (0.29%) GlusterFS
10 4 (0.29%) Xen
10 4 (0.29%) XenApp
10 4 (0.29%) XenDesktop
11 3 (0.22%) oVirt
11 3 (0.22%) Varnish
11 3 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
12 2 (0.15%) Apache Flume
12 2 (0.15%) vCloud
12 2 (0.15%) zsh
Systems Management
1 707 (51.27%) Kubernetes
2 604 (43.80%) Ansible
3 283 (20.52%) Puppet
4 180 (13.05%) Opscode Chef
5 106 (7.69%) Packer
6 50 (3.63%) Prometheus
7 48 (3.48%) Grafana
8 40 (2.90%) Salt
9 30 (2.18%) Consul
10 24 (1.74%) Kibana
11 21 (1.52%) Istio
12 15 (1.09%) Docker Swarm
13 13 (0.94%) logstash
13 13 (0.94%) Nagios
13 13 (0.94%) ZABBIX
14 10 (0.73%) Single Sign-On
15 8 (0.58%) Argo
16 7 (0.51%) Rancher
17 6 (0.44%) Data Guard
17 6 (0.44%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 102 (7.40%) Google
2 95 (6.89%) Microsoft
3 83 (6.02%) Cloudera
4 72 (5.22%) Oracle
5 55 (3.99%) VMware
6 48 (3.48%) Hortonworks
6 48 (3.48%) Red Hat
7 39 (2.83%) Splunk
8 27 (1.96%) Atlassian
9 19 (1.38%) Dell
10 18 (1.31%) SAP
11 16 (1.16%) Cisco
11 16 (1.16%) HP
12 14 (1.02%) SaltStack
13 13 (0.94%) New Relic
14 12 (0.87%) AppDynamics
15 11 (0.80%) Confluent
16 10 (0.73%) Databricks
16 10 (0.73%) EMC
16 10 (0.73%) NetApp