Period
to 18 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 18 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK
6 months to
18 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 305 240 196
Rank change year-on-year -65 -44 -17
Contract jobs citing HTTP 757 1,169 1,286
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.82% 1.13% 1.35%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 6.44% 8.51% 9.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 573 816 823
UK median daily rate £525 £498 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.53% +4.74% +6.74%
10th Percentile £375 £350 £350
90th Percentile £638 £613 £598
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £425 £475
% change year-on-year +17.65% -10.53% +14.80%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 21 30
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £21.50 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +109.30% -44.52% +86.03%
10th Percentile £33.50 £16.50 £15.71
90th Percentile £134.00 £35.56 £50.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £31.25 £38.75
% change year-on-year +44.00% -19.35% +42.65%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 11,761 13,729 12,951
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.70% 13.27% 13.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,231 8,447 7,797
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £200 £202 £205
90th Percentile £605 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £395 £385
% change year-on-year +1.27% +2.60% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 566 766 764
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £19.56
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +2.24% -21.75%
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.20 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £20.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year +7.50% +5.26% -24.00%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTTP as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing HTTP.

Contractor daily rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP.

Contractor hourly rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the UK over the 6 months to 18 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -71 709 £525 +5.00% 239
UK excluding London -27 380 £500 +17.65% 154
London -82 359 £540 +2.86% 100
North of England +73 162 £525 +16.67% 36
Yorkshire +37 83 £525 +16.67% 13
South East -59 83 £475 +11.76% 39
North West +35 62 £525 +16.67% 15
Midlands +7 39 £500 +7.07% 25
East of England -37 32 £475 -5.00% 18
South West -22 30 £500 +33.33% 21
West Midlands +1 26 £525 +6.06% 17
Scotland +4 19 £450 +2.91% 7
North East +30 17 £488 -2.50% 8
Wales +5 14 £475 +19.50% 8
East Midlands +21 13 £400 +3.23% 8
Channel Islands - 1 £525 -

For the 6 months to 18 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTTP.

1 391 (51.65%) Linux
2 381 (50.33%) Java
3 342 (45.18%) Agile Software Development
4 273 (36.06%) DevOps
5 270 (35.67%) Continuous Integration
6 267 (35.27%) Git (software)
7 256 (33.82%) TCP/IP
8 245 (32.36%) Test Automation
8 245 (32.36%) Jenkins
9 226 (29.85%) Configuration Management
10 215 (28.40%) Amazon AWS
11 201 (26.55%) Python
12 197 (26.02%) SSL
13 194 (25.63%) Puppet
14 192 (25.36%) Microservices
15 185 (24.44%) JavaScript
16 183 (24.17%) Docker
17 178 (23.51%) REST
18 175 (23.12%) DNS
19 174 (22.99%) HTML
20 173 (22.85%) MongoDB
21 168 (22.19%) TDD
22 166 (21.93%) Open Source
23 160 (21.14%) Relational Database
24 148 (19.55%) Kubernetes
25 145 (19.15%) FTP
26 141 (18.63%) SQL
26 141 (18.63%) Unix
27 125 (16.51%) Web Services
28 124 (16.38%) Scrum

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (13.74%) Apache
2 63 (8.32%) Tomcat
3 61 (8.06%) WebSphere
4 55 (7.27%) nginx
5 46 (6.08%) Confluence
6 41 (5.42%) IIS
7 36 (4.76%) Jetty
8 27 (3.57%) Elasticsearch
8 27 (3.57%) WebLogic
9 26 (3.43%) Mongrel
10 25 (3.30%) WebSphere Application Server
11 22 (2.91%) IBM HTTP Server
12 16 (2.11%) JBoss
13 13 (1.72%) Apache Spark
13 13 (1.72%) Oracle HTTP Server
13 13 (1.72%) WebSphere Portal
14 10 (1.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 10 (1.32%) SharePoint
15 9 (1.19%) Cloud Foundry
16 6 (0.79%) OpenStack
Applications
1 8 (1.06%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.26%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 13 (1.72%) SAP ERP
1 13 (1.72%) SAP Hybris
2 9 (1.19%) BusinessWorks
3 7 (0.92%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.53%) Magento
4 4 (0.53%) Oracle BPM
5 3 (0.40%) SAP S/4HANA
6 2 (0.26%) Fredhopper
7 1 (0.13%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 215 (28.40%) Amazon AWS
2 108 (14.27%) Microsoft Azure
3 65 (8.59%) Amazon EC2
4 60 (7.93%) Google Cloud Platform
5 41 (5.42%) Amazon S3
6 33 (4.36%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 32 (4.23%) Route 53
8 31 (4.10%) Amazon ELB
8 31 (4.10%) Serverless
9 27 (3.57%) Google App Engine
10 21 (2.77%) PaaS
11 18 (2.38%) Amazon SQS
12 16 (2.11%) Amazon ECS
13 15 (1.98%) Cloud Computing
14 14 (1.85%) Amazon EKS
14 14 (1.85%) GitHub
15 13 (1.72%) AWS CloudFormation
15 13 (1.72%) Azure Functions
15 13 (1.72%) Slack
16 12 (1.59%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 256 (33.82%) TCP/IP
2 197 (26.02%) SSL
3 175 (23.12%) DNS
4 145 (19.15%) FTP
5 96 (12.68%) DHCP
6 83 (10.96%) IPsec
7 54 (7.13%) Internet
8 49 (6.47%) SMTP
9 38 (5.02%) HTTPS
10 34 (4.49%) Firewall
11 26 (3.43%) VPN
12 19 (2.51%) SSH
13 15 (1.98%) SNMP
14 13 (1.72%) OSPF
15 11 (1.45%) VLAN
15 11 (1.45%) Wireshark
16 10 (1.32%) BGP
17 9 (1.19%) Kerberos
17 9 (1.19%) LAN
17 9 (1.19%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 173 (22.85%) MongoDB
2 160 (21.14%) Relational Database
3 119 (15.72%) MySQL
4 96 (12.68%) NoSQL
5 80 (10.57%) PostgreSQL
6 74 (9.78%) RDBMS
7 65 (8.59%) SQL Server
8 47 (6.21%) Apache Cassandra
9 27 (3.57%) Neo4j
10 20 (2.64%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 14 (1.85%) Big Data
11 14 (1.85%) Cosmos DB
12 11 (1.45%) Amazon RDS
13 10 (1.32%) DB2
14 6 (0.79%) SQL Server 2012
15 5 (0.66%) Oracle Database
16 3 (0.40%) SQL Server 2016
16 3 (0.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 2 (0.26%) Flink
17 2 (0.26%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 267 (35.27%) Git (software)
2 245 (32.36%) Jenkins
3 91 (12.02%) Subversion
4 71 (9.38%) JUnit
5 69 (9.11%) JIRA
6 65 (8.59%) Travis CI
7 63 (8.32%) Cucumber
8 61 (8.06%) Maven
9 44 (5.81%) Mockito
10 42 (5.55%) GitLab
11 41 (5.42%) Selenium
12 36 (4.76%) SonarQube
13 33 (4.36%) Gatling
14 31 (4.10%) Gradle
15 28 (3.70%) Bitbucket
16 27 (3.57%) gulp
17 19 (2.51%) IntelliJ
18 18 (2.38%) TeamCity
19 17 (2.25%) Visual Studio
20 16 (2.11%) Geb
General
1 81 (10.70%) Finance
2 52 (6.87%) Banking
3 28 (3.70%) Retail
4 10 (1.32%) Investment Banking
4 10 (1.32%) Telecoms
5 9 (1.19%) Front Office
5 9 (1.19%) Marketing
6 7 (0.92%) Electronics
6 7 (0.92%) Games
7 6 (0.79%) Manufacturing
8 5 (0.66%) Financial Institution
8 5 (0.66%) Law
9 4 (0.53%) Advertising
9 4 (0.53%) Aerospace
9 4 (0.53%) Back Office
9 4 (0.53%) Legal
10 2 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (0.26%) Publishing
11 1 (0.13%) Automotive
11 1 (0.13%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 293 (38.71%) Developer
2 142 (18.76%) DevOps Engineer
3 111 (14.66%) Java Developer
4 71 (9.38%) Senior Developer
5 42 (5.55%) Scala Developer
6 38 (5.02%) Architect
7 37 (4.89%) AWS Engineer
8 33 (4.36%) Agile Developer
9 31 (4.10%) Analyst
10 29 (3.83%) Consultant
11 28 (3.70%) Senior DevOps
12 27 (3.57%) AWS DevOps
12 27 (3.57%) Senior Java Developer
13 26 (3.43%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 24 (3.17%) Tester
15 23 (3.04%) JavaScript Developer
16 21 (2.77%) Agile Java Developer
17 20 (2.64%) Administrator
18 19 (2.51%) Operations Engineer
19 17 (2.25%) Web Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 178 (23.51%) REST
2 174 (22.99%) HTML
3 125 (16.51%) Web Services
4 117 (15.46%) Spring
5 110 (14.53%) XML
6 105 (13.87%) JSON
7 104 (13.74%) CSS
8 92 (12.15%) .NET
9 90 (11.89%) RESTful
9 90 (11.89%) SOAP
10 69 (9.11%) Node.js
11 68 (8.98%) J2EE
12 66 (8.72%) HTML5
13 53 (7.00%) Guice
14 49 (6.47%) AngularJS
15 48 (6.34%) Dropwizard
16 40 (5.28%) Kafka
16 40 (5.28%) Middleware
16 40 (5.28%) Spring Boot
17 38 (5.02%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 43 (5.68%) Analytical Skills
2 22 (2.91%) Enterprise Software
3 18 (2.38%) Public Cloud
4 17 (2.25%) Greenfield Project
5 16 (2.11%) Data Centre
6 14 (1.85%) DataPower
6 14 (1.85%) User Experience
7 13 (1.72%) Clustering
8 11 (1.45%) PKI
9 10 (1.32%) Mobile App
10 9 (1.19%) Data Protection Act
10 9 (1.19%) Management Information System
10 9 (1.19%) W3C
11 8 (1.06%) Cloud Native
11 8 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
12 7 (0.92%) Algorithms
12 7 (0.92%) Private Cloud
13 6 (0.79%) Cyber Defence
13 6 (0.79%) N-Tier
13 6 (0.79%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 391 (51.65%) Linux
2 141 (18.63%) Unix
3 116 (15.32%) Windows
4 58 (7.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 51 (6.74%) Windows Server
6 47 (6.21%) Mac OS X
7 36 (4.76%) CentOS
8 22 (2.91%) AIX
9 14 (1.85%) Android
10 13 (1.72%) Solaris
11 12 (1.59%) Apple iOS
11 12 (1.59%) Windows 10
12 11 (1.45%) Ubuntu
12 11 (1.45%) Windows Server 2012
13 6 (0.79%) Windows 7
13 6 (0.79%) Windows 8
14 4 (0.53%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 2 (0.26%) Embedded Linux
15 2 (0.26%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 342 (45.18%) Agile Software Development
2 273 (36.06%) DevOps
3 270 (35.67%) Continuous Integration
4 245 (32.36%) Test Automation
5 226 (29.85%) Configuration Management
6 192 (25.36%) Microservices
7 168 (22.19%) TDD
8 166 (21.93%) Open Source
9 124 (16.38%) Scrum
10 99 (13.08%) BDD
11 91 (12.02%) Problem-Solving
12 86 (11.36%) OO
13 77 (10.17%) OOP
14 63 (8.32%) Web Development
15 62 (8.19%) Software Engineering
16 59 (7.79%) Continuous Deployment
17 56 (7.40%) Unit Testing
18 55 (7.27%) Responsive Web Design
18 55 (7.27%) Web Design
19 53 (7.00%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 381 (50.33%) Java
2 201 (26.55%) Python
3 185 (24.44%) JavaScript
4 141 (18.63%) SQL
5 95 (12.55%) Ruby
6 80 (10.57%) Bash Shell
7 71 (9.38%) Scala
8 65 (8.59%) C#
9 59 (7.79%) PowerShell
10 50 (6.61%) Perl
11 49 (6.47%) Shell Script
12 36 (4.76%) ES6
12 36 (4.76%) PHP
13 32 (4.23%) Groovy
14 29 (3.83%) Java 8
14 29 (3.83%) TypeScript
15 17 (2.25%) C
16 12 (1.59%) C++
17 11 (1.45%) PL/SQL
18 9 (1.19%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 57 (7.53%) Security Cleared
2 37 (4.89%) BPSS Clearance
3 34 (4.49%) SC Cleared
4 21 (2.77%) Degree
5 14 (1.85%) Cisco Certification
6 10 (1.32%) CISSP
7 9 (1.19%) CCNA
8 8 (1.06%) Computer Science Degree
8 8 (1.06%) DBS Check
8 8 (1.06%) ITIL Certification
9 7 (0.92%) MCSA
9 7 (0.92%) Microsoft Certification
9 7 (0.92%) OSCP
10 6 (0.79%) A+ Certification
10 6 (0.79%) CCIE
10 6 (0.79%) CCNP
10 6 (0.79%) CISM
10 6 (0.79%) GCIA
10 6 (0.79%) GCIH
10 6 (0.79%) MCDST
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (5.02%) QA
2 10 (1.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 9 (1.19%) Disclosure Scotland
4 6 (0.79%) NIST
5 4 (0.53%) GDPR
6 3 (0.40%) Cyber Essentials
6 3 (0.40%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 3 (0.40%) HL7
6 3 (0.40%) NCSC
6 3 (0.40%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.26%) WCAG
8 1 (0.13%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 1 (0.13%) PSD2
8 1 (0.13%) SLA
System Software
1 183 (24.17%) Docker
2 52 (6.87%) VMware Infrastructure
3 45 (5.94%) Active Directory
3 45 (5.94%) Virtual Machines
4 27 (3.57%) Xen
5 9 (1.19%) VMware ESXi
5 9 (1.19%) vSphere
6 3 (0.40%) Firmware
6 3 (0.40%) KVM
6 3 (0.40%) Shibboleth
6 3 (0.40%) Snort
7 2 (0.26%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.26%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.26%) ISA Server
7 2 (0.26%) NDS
7 2 (0.26%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 2 (0.26%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.26%) VMware Workstation
8 1 (0.13%) LXC
8 1 (0.13%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 194 (25.63%) Puppet
2 148 (19.55%) Kubernetes
3 118 (15.59%) Opscode Chef
4 108 (14.27%) Terraform
5 90 (11.89%) Ansible
6 33 (4.36%) Grafana
7 28 (3.70%) Prometheus
8 27 (3.57%) Salt
9 26 (3.43%) Packer
10 20 (2.64%) Rancher
11 17 (2.25%) SCCM
12 16 (2.11%) Docker Swarm
12 16 (2.11%) Kibana
13 12 (1.59%) Control-M
14 9 (1.19%) vCenter Server
15 7 (0.92%) Nagios
15 7 (0.92%) Perfmon
16 6 (0.79%) Nessus
16 6 (0.79%) WMI
16 6 (0.79%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 68 (8.98%) Google
2 64 (8.45%) Microsoft
3 58 (7.66%) Oracle
3 58 (7.66%) VMware
4 46 (6.08%) IBM
5 32 (4.23%) SAP
6 22 (2.91%) Red Hat
7 21 (2.77%) F5
8 18 (2.38%) Citrix
9 17 (2.25%) Cisco
10 14 (1.85%) hybris
10 14 (1.85%) Splunk
10 14 (1.85%) TIBCO
11 12 (1.59%) Black Duck
11 12 (1.59%) BMC
12 11 (1.45%) Atlassian
13 10 (1.32%) New Relic
14 9 (1.19%) AppDynamics
14 9 (1.19%) MuleSoft
14 9 (1.19%) SolarWinds