Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 313 263 250
Rank change year-on-year -50 -13 -3
Contract jobs citing HTTP 366 572 1,051
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.70% 0.96% 1.09%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 6.08% 6.99% 8.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 226 387 736
10th Percentile £315 £343 £363
25th Percentile £401 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £513
Median % change year-on-year - -2.44% +2.50%
75th Percentile £600 £600 £588
90th Percentile £644 £700 £628
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £475 £500
% change year-on-year -10.53% -5.00% +8.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 11 7
10th Percentile £35.45 £41.03 £15.37
25th Percentile £45.00 £44.19 £15.44
Median hourly rate £55.00 £50.00 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +42.86% +81.18%
75th Percentile £66.00 £60.88 £45.63
90th Percentile £67.00 £68.75 £48.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £59.00 £60.25 £35.00
% change year-on-year -2.07% +72.14% +37.25%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 6,019 8,180 12,173
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.52% 13.72% 12.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,877 5,003 7,656
10th Percentile £220 £175 £200
25th Percentile £340 £310 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £442 £425 £425
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% - +2.47%
75th Percentile £538 £525 £538
90th Percentile £613 £605 £611
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 287 482 547
10th Percentile £12.99 £13.03 £12.00
25th Percentile £16.00 £15.75 £14.19
Median hourly rate £26.50 £21.00 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year +26.19% +16.67% -3.74%
75th Percentile £48.75 £45.00 £43.75
90th Percentile £58.30 £52.08 £49.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £19.25 £17.00
% change year-on-year +29.87% +13.24% -5.93%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTTP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Daily rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Hourly rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the UK over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -35 282 £500 - 155
London -5 170 £525 - 68
Work from Home -122 148 £495 +16.47% 30
UK excluding London -58 126 £425 -10.53% 94
South East +45 29 £450 +5.88% 25
North of England -31 23 £400 -23.81% 32
Scotland -32 23 £375 -23.47% 2
East of England -4 17 £373 -17.22%
Midlands +27 14 £425 -1.45% 18
South West +57 13 £500 +11.11% 12
North West +4 13 £450 -13.21% 19
West Midlands +11 9 £350 -29.29% 17
Yorkshire -12 8 £125 -79.17% 11
Wales +20 7 £604 +15.00% 3
North East +1 2 £405 -17.35% 2
East Midlands +26 1 £650 +70.49% 1

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTTP.

1 133 (36.34%) Java
2 129 (35.25%) Agile Software Development
3 124 (33.88%) Linux
4 113 (30.87%) Web Services
5 103 (28.14%) REST
6 99 (27.05%) Jenkins
7 98 (26.78%) JavaScript
7 98 (26.78%) Python
8 97 (26.50%) AWS
9 89 (24.32%) Git (software)
10 86 (23.50%) SOAP
10 86 (23.50%) XML
11 84 (22.95%) JSON
12 82 (22.40%) TCP/IP
13 74 (20.22%) Test Automation
14 73 (19.95%) HTML
14 73 (19.95%) SQL
15 72 (19.67%) RESTful
16 65 (17.76%) Kubernetes
17 62 (16.94%) SSL
18 61 (16.67%) Software Engineering
19 60 (16.39%) Finance
19 60 (16.39%) Azure
20 59 (16.12%) DevOps
20 59 (16.12%) JIRA
21 58 (15.85%) Docker
22 57 (15.57%) DNS
23 53 (14.48%) Oracle
24 52 (14.21%) Microsoft
25 50 (13.66%) Continuous Integration

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (12.30%) Apache
2 36 (9.84%) WebSphere
3 30 (8.20%) Tomcat
4 23 (6.28%) Apache Spark
5 22 (6.01%) Confluence
6 21 (5.74%) IIS
7 20 (5.46%) nginx
8 16 (4.37%) WebSphere Application Server
9 14 (3.83%) Anypoint
9 14 (3.83%) Mule
10 13 (3.55%) Red Hat Fuse
10 13 (3.55%) WebLogic
11 11 (3.01%) Apache ServiceMix
12 10 (2.73%) Apache Airflow
12 10 (2.73%) IBM HTTP Server
13 9 (2.46%) JBoss
13 9 (2.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 8 (2.19%) Oracle HTTP Server
15 7 (1.91%) IBM Domino
15 7 (1.91%) OpenStack
Applications
1 14 (3.83%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.37%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.82%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 13 (3.55%) Magento
2 9 (2.46%) Shopify
3 2 (0.55%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.55%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.27%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 97 (26.50%) AWS
2 60 (16.39%) Azure
3 40 (10.93%) GCP
4 23 (6.28%) GitHub
5 21 (5.74%) Cloud Computing
6 20 (5.46%) Serverless
7 19 (5.19%) Amazon EC2
8 18 (4.92%) AWS Lambda
9 17 (4.64%) IaaS
10 11 (3.01%) Amazon Kinesis
10 11 (3.01%) PaaS
11 10 (2.73%) Amazon S3
11 10 (2.73%) Google Analytics
11 10 (2.73%) SaaS
12 8 (2.19%) Power Platform
13 7 (1.91%) Amazon ECS
13 7 (1.91%) Amazon SQS
14 6 (1.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 6 (1.64%) Dynamics 365
14 6 (1.64%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 82 (22.40%) TCP/IP
2 62 (16.94%) SSL
3 57 (15.57%) DNS
4 38 (10.38%) FTP
5 37 (10.11%) Firewall
6 31 (8.47%) HTTPS
7 22 (6.01%) Internet
8 19 (5.19%) DHCP
9 17 (4.64%) SMTP
10 16 (4.37%) VPN
11 11 (3.01%) SSH
12 10 (2.73%) LAN
12 10 (2.73%) WAN
13 9 (2.46%) IPsec
13 9 (2.46%) Network Security
14 8 (2.19%) Broadband
14 8 (2.19%) SNMP
15 7 (1.91%) 2G
15 7 (1.91%) GSM
15 7 (1.91%) UMTS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (10.93%) Relational Database
2 30 (8.20%) NoSQL
3 26 (7.10%) Data Warehouse
3 26 (7.10%) MongoDB
3 26 (7.10%) MySQL
4 24 (6.56%) Big Data
5 18 (4.92%) PostgreSQL
5 18 (4.92%) SQL Server
6 10 (2.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 10 (2.73%) Couchbase
6 10 (2.73%) Data Lake
6 10 (2.73%) Flink
6 10 (2.73%) Parquet
6 10 (2.73%) Snowflake Schema
7 8 (2.19%) Power BI
7 8 (2.19%) RDBMS
8 6 (1.64%) Apache Cassandra
9 5 (1.37%) SQLite
10 4 (1.09%) Amazon Aurora
10 4 (1.09%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 99 (27.05%) Jenkins
2 89 (24.32%) Git (software)
3 59 (16.12%) JIRA
4 29 (7.92%) JUnit
5 23 (6.28%) Cucumber
6 22 (6.01%) Maven
7 16 (4.37%) Selenium
8 15 (4.10%) Subversion
9 13 (3.55%) GitLab
10 12 (3.28%) JMeter
11 11 (3.01%) Gatling
11 11 (3.01%) Gradle
12 10 (2.73%) Ant
12 10 (2.73%) git-flow
12 10 (2.73%) REST Assured
12 10 (2.73%) SoapUI
13 9 (2.46%) Artifactory
13 9 (2.46%) IntelliJ
13 9 (2.46%) Mockito
13 9 (2.46%) Postman
General
1 60 (16.39%) Finance
2 46 (12.57%) Public Sector
3 31 (8.47%) Telecoms
4 28 (7.65%) Banking
5 26 (7.10%) Marketing
6 16 (4.37%) Electronics
6 16 (4.37%) Manufacturing
7 10 (2.73%) Investment Banking
7 10 (2.73%) Retail
8 8 (2.19%) Law
9 7 (1.91%) Publishing
10 5 (1.37%) Games
11 4 (1.09%) Pharmaceutical
11 4 (1.09%) Retail Banking
12 2 (0.55%) Advertising
12 2 (0.55%) French Language
12 2 (0.55%) German Language
12 2 (0.55%) Legal
13 1 (0.27%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.27%) Dutch Language
Job Titles
1 124 (33.88%) Developer
2 43 (11.75%) Architect
3 41 (11.20%) Java Developer
4 31 (8.47%) DevOps Engineer
5 22 (6.01%) Senior Developer
6 18 (4.92%) Software Engineer
7 17 (4.64%) Analyst
7 17 (4.64%) Consultant
8 15 (4.10%) AWS Engineer
9 13 (3.55%) AWS DevOps
9 13 (3.55%) Solutions Architect
9 13 (3.55%) Technical Architect
10 12 (3.28%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 12 (3.28%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 12 (3.28%) Platform Engineer
10 12 (3.28%) Senior Java Developer
11 11 (3.01%) Data Engineer
11 11 (3.01%) Full Stack Developer
11 11 (3.01%) Python Developer
12 10 (2.73%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 113 (30.87%) Web Services
2 103 (28.14%) REST
3 86 (23.50%) SOAP
3 86 (23.50%) XML
4 84 (22.95%) JSON
5 73 (19.95%) HTML
6 72 (19.67%) RESTful
7 45 (12.30%) CSS
8 44 (12.02%) Node.js
9 36 (9.84%) Kafka
9 36 (9.84%) Spring
10 33 (9.02%) Middleware
11 29 (7.92%) .NET
12 23 (6.28%) React
13 22 (6.01%) AngularJS
13 22 (6.01%) J2EE
13 22 (6.01%) LDAP
14 21 (5.74%) HTML5
15 18 (4.92%) RAML
15 18 (4.92%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 32 (8.74%) Analytical Skills
2 23 (6.28%) Self-Motivation
3 20 (5.46%) Data Structures
4 18 (4.92%) Management Information System
5 16 (4.37%) Enterprise Software
6 14 (3.83%) Algorithms
6 14 (3.83%) Greenfield Project
7 12 (3.28%) Mobile App
7 12 (3.28%) User Experience
8 11 (3.01%) Clustering
9 10 (2.73%) Grid Computing
10 8 (2.19%) DataPower
11 7 (1.91%) Market Risk
11 7 (1.91%) Mobile Payment
11 7 (1.91%) Public Cloud
12 6 (1.64%) Data Centre
13 5 (1.37%) Client/Server
13 5 (1.37%) Private Cloud
13 5 (1.37%) Virtual Team
14 4 (1.09%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 124 (33.88%) Linux
2 47 (12.84%) Unix
3 46 (12.57%) Windows
4 17 (4.64%) Mac OS X
5 8 (2.19%) Ubuntu
6 7 (1.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (1.37%) Android
7 5 (1.37%) Apple iOS
7 5 (1.37%) Windows Server
8 4 (1.09%) Windows 10
8 4 (1.09%) Windows Server 2016
9 3 (0.82%) CentOS
9 3 (0.82%) Embedded Linux
10 2 (0.55%) Kali Linux
10 2 (0.55%) SUSE
10 2 (0.55%) Windows Server 2003
10 2 (0.55%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.27%) CatOS
11 1 (0.27%) webOS
11 1 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 129 (35.25%) Agile Software Development
2 74 (20.22%) Test Automation
3 61 (16.67%) Software Engineering
4 59 (16.12%) DevOps
5 50 (13.66%) Continuous Integration
6 47 (12.84%) Scrum
7 46 (12.57%) Microservices
8 45 (12.30%) Open Source
9 44 (12.02%) Configuration Management
10 42 (11.48%) TDD
11 38 (10.38%) SOA
12 33 (9.02%) BDD
13 30 (8.20%) Problem-Solving
13 30 (8.20%) Web Development
14 26 (7.10%) API Design
14 26 (7.10%) Business Intelligence
15 24 (6.56%) Analytics
15 24 (6.56%) Change Management
15 24 (6.56%) Deployment Automation
16 23 (6.28%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 133 (36.34%) Java
2 98 (26.78%) JavaScript
2 98 (26.78%) Python
3 73 (19.95%) SQL
4 32 (8.74%) C#
5 25 (6.83%) Bash Shell
5 25 (6.83%) Groovy
6 24 (6.56%) C++
7 20 (5.46%) Scala
8 19 (5.19%) PowerShell
9 18 (4.92%) Perl
9 18 (4.92%) PHP
9 18 (4.92%) Shell Script
10 17 (4.64%) TypeScript
11 16 (4.37%) Ruby
12 14 (3.83%) Go
13 13 (3.55%) VB
14 10 (2.73%) C
15 8 (2.19%) Java 8
16 7 (1.91%) ABAP
Qualifications
1 42 (11.48%) Security Cleared
2 38 (10.38%) SC Cleared
3 22 (6.01%) Degree
4 12 (3.28%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (3.01%) ITIL Certification
5 11 (3.01%) Microsoft Certification
6 8 (2.19%) ISEB
6 8 (2.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 4 (1.09%) CCNP
7 4 (1.09%) Cisco Certification
8 3 (0.82%) CCNA
8 3 (0.82%) CISSP
8 3 (0.82%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.55%) CCDA
9 2 (0.55%) CEH
9 2 (0.55%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.55%) JNCIA
9 2 (0.55%) JNCIP
9 2 (0.55%) JNCIS
9 2 (0.55%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (6.83%) QA
2 6 (1.64%) WCAG
3 3 (0.82%) HL7
3 3 (0.82%) NIST
4 2 (0.55%) ISO 9000
4 2 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.27%) GLBA
5 1 (0.27%) GRC
5 1 (0.27%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 58 (15.85%) Docker
2 32 (8.74%) Active Directory
3 23 (6.28%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (3.55%) Virtual Machines
5 8 (2.19%) Microsoft App-V
6 7 (1.91%) Postfix
6 7 (1.91%) qmail
7 4 (1.09%) vSphere
7 4 (1.09%) Xen
8 3 (0.82%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.55%) NFS
9 2 (0.55%) OpenAM
9 2 (0.55%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.27%) Ceph
10 1 (0.27%) Firmware
10 1 (0.27%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.27%) IAG
10 1 (0.27%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 65 (17.76%) Kubernetes
2 43 (11.75%) Ansible
3 33 (9.02%) Puppet
4 23 (6.28%) Terraform
5 13 (3.55%) Single Sign-On
6 12 (3.28%) Opscode Chef
6 12 (3.28%) SCCM
7 11 (3.01%) Grafana
8 9 (2.46%) OpenView Configuration Management
9 8 (2.19%) HP ALM
9 8 (2.19%) Kibana
10 6 (1.64%) HP Quality Center
11 5 (1.37%) Docker Swarm
11 5 (1.37%) Red Hat Satellite
11 5 (1.37%) Red Hat Spacewalk
11 5 (1.37%) Salt
12 4 (1.09%) Capistrano
12 4 (1.09%) CloudHub
12 4 (1.09%) WSUS
13 3 (0.82%) SCOM
Vendors
1 53 (14.48%) Oracle
2 52 (14.21%) Microsoft
3 34 (9.29%) VMware
4 32 (8.74%) Google
4 32 (8.74%) SAP
5 27 (7.38%) IBM
6 20 (5.46%) Red Hat
7 17 (4.64%) MuleSoft
8 15 (4.10%) HP
9 12 (3.28%) ServiceNow
10 10 (2.73%) Dell
10 10 (2.73%) Splunk
11 8 (2.19%) Dynatrace
11 8 (2.19%) WSO2
12 7 (1.91%) Cisco
12 7 (1.91%) F5
12 7 (1.91%) New Relic
12 7 (1.91%) Salesforce.com
12 7 (1.91%) Xerox
13 6 (1.64%) TIBCO