Period
to 21 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 21 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 265 233 252
Rank change year-on-year -32 +19 -61
Contract jobs citing HTTP 690 1,185 1,047
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.95% 1.20% 1.06%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 6.85% 9.37% 7.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 438 715 762
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £347 £363 £360
90th Percentile £699 £629 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £475 £485
% change year-on-year - -2.06% +14.12%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 11 18
UK median hourly rate £48.75 £27.43 £33.54
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +77.76% -18.23% -32.92%
10th Percentile £40.10 £15.37 £15.79
90th Percentile £51.58 £43.75 £43.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £21.50 £33.54
% change year-on-year +97.67% -35.90% -39.02%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 10,068 12,650 13,213
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.81% 12.80% 13.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,043 7,628 8,170
UK median daily rate £412 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.06% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £184 £200 £181
90th Percentile £600 £608 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 585 598 674
UK median hourly rate £22.75 £18.73 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.50% +0.13% -16.89%
10th Percentile £13.43 £12.00 £10.88
90th Percentile £53.75 £48.75 £45.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.30 £17.50 £19.00
% change year-on-year +16.01% -7.89% -15.56%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTTP as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing HTTP.

Contractor daily rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP.

Contractor hourly rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -49 597 £500 - 255
UK excluding London +6 407 £475 - 180
London -54 264 £550 +3.77% 106
North of England -7 110 £520 +4.00% 42
South East +3 104 £450 -0.55% 49
Scotland +75 76 £525 +25.37% 16
East of England +7 55 £450 -12.20% 32
Yorkshire +7 42 £520 +4.00% 10
North West -11 38 £548 +14.96% 27
North East +27 36 £405 -12.90% 5
South West -18 30 £438 -12.50% 14
Midlands +6 26 £495 -1.00% 12
West Midlands +22 22 £540 +8.00% 4
Wales +4 6 £339 -16.10% 13
East Midlands +12 4 £300 -40.00% 8

For the 6 months to 21 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTTP.

1 306 (44.35%) Linux
2 273 (39.57%) Java
3 265 (38.41%) TCP/IP
4 248 (35.94%) Agile Software Development
5 220 (31.88%) Continuous Integration
6 213 (30.87%) Jenkins
7 200 (28.99%) REST
8 194 (28.12%) Git (software)
9 174 (25.22%) Test Automation
10 168 (24.35%) HTML
11 163 (23.62%) JavaScript
12 162 (23.48%) SSL
13 156 (22.61%) DevOps
14 151 (21.88%) JSON
15 148 (21.45%) XML
16 147 (21.30%) Python
17 142 (20.58%) CSS
18 138 (20.00%) SQL
19 135 (19.57%) DNS
20 134 (19.42%) AWS
21 133 (19.28%) Open Source
22 130 (18.84%) Configuration Management
23 127 (18.41%) Google
24 126 (18.26%) Microservices
25 125 (18.12%) Windows
26 115 (16.67%) Web Services
27 114 (16.52%) Puppet
28 108 (15.65%) HTML5
28 108 (15.65%) Apache
28 108 (15.65%) HTTPS

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (15.65%) Apache
2 82 (11.88%) Tomcat
3 69 (10.00%) nginx
4 59 (8.55%) WebSphere
5 54 (7.83%) IIS
6 43 (6.23%) Jetty
7 36 (5.22%) Mongrel
8 35 (5.07%) JBoss
9 33 (4.78%) Confluence
10 32 (4.64%) WebLogic
11 20 (2.90%) CMS
12 18 (2.61%) SharePoint
13 15 (2.17%) Elasticsearch
13 15 (2.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 11 (1.59%) K2 blackpearl
15 9 (1.30%) WebSphere Application Server
16 7 (1.01%) Apache Spark
16 7 (1.01%) Oracle HTTP Server
17 5 (0.72%) IBM HTTP Server
18 4 (0.58%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 10 (1.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.16%) Chatbot
3 5 (0.72%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 27 (3.91%) BusinessWorks
2 11 (1.59%) Magento
3 6 (0.87%) Oracle BPM
4 4 (0.58%) Temenos T24
5 1 (0.14%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.14%) Oracle Retail
5 1 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.14%) SAP CAR
5 1 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 134 (19.42%) AWS
2 82 (11.88%) GCP
2 82 (11.88%) GitHub
3 72 (10.43%) Azure
4 41 (5.94%) Amazon EC2
5 35 (5.07%) Google Analytics
5 35 (5.07%) Google App Engine
6 32 (4.64%) PaaS
7 17 (2.46%) Office 365
8 14 (2.03%) Route 53
9 11 (1.59%) IBM Cloud
10 10 (1.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 10 (1.45%) Cloud Computing
11 9 (1.30%) Azure Active Directory
11 9 (1.30%) SaaS
12 8 (1.16%) Amazon S3
12 8 (1.16%) CloudFront
12 8 (1.16%) Serverless
12 8 (1.16%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 7 (1.01%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 265 (38.41%) TCP/IP
2 162 (23.48%) SSL
3 135 (19.57%) DNS
4 108 (15.65%) HTTPS
5 91 (13.19%) DHCP
6 77 (11.16%) FTP
7 68 (9.86%) Firewall
8 62 (8.99%) IPsec
8 62 (8.99%) SMTP
9 46 (6.67%) Wireshark
10 40 (5.80%) Internet
11 29 (4.20%) VPN
12 25 (3.62%) Network Security
13 23 (3.33%) IPv4
14 22 (3.19%) IPv6
15 20 (2.90%) Ethernet
16 19 (2.75%) Intrusion Detection
16 19 (2.75%) SNMP
16 19 (2.75%) Wi-Fi
17 13 (1.88%) Telnet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 89 (12.90%) Relational Database
2 78 (11.30%) SQL Server
3 72 (10.43%) MongoDB
4 61 (8.84%) MySQL
5 50 (7.25%) NoSQL
6 32 (4.64%) RDBMS
7 25 (3.62%) Apache Cassandra
8 22 (3.19%) PostgreSQL
9 15 (2.17%) Big Data
10 12 (1.74%) Spotfire
11 10 (1.45%) SQL Server 2012
12 9 (1.30%) Neo4j
12 9 (1.30%) SQL Server 2016
13 7 (1.01%) Hadoop
14 6 (0.87%) Infinispan
14 6 (0.87%) Oracle Database
14 6 (0.87%) Redis
15 5 (0.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 5 (0.72%) Data Warehouse
15 5 (0.72%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 213 (30.87%) Jenkins
2 194 (28.12%) Git (software)
3 72 (10.43%) JUnit
4 58 (8.41%) Selenium
5 50 (7.25%) Cucumber
6 47 (6.81%) Travis CI
7 45 (6.52%) Gatling
8 42 (6.09%) JIRA
9 36 (5.22%) GitLab
10 33 (4.78%) Gradle
11 32 (4.64%) Maven
12 29 (4.20%) Ant
12 29 (4.20%) gulp
13 25 (3.62%) Mockito
13 25 (3.62%) Subversion
14 23 (3.33%) SonarQube
15 22 (3.19%) Eclipse
16 17 (2.46%) IntelliJ
17 15 (2.17%) JMeter
17 15 (2.17%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 78 (11.30%) Public Sector
2 70 (10.14%) Finance
3 49 (7.10%) Banking
4 15 (2.17%) Investment Banking
5 13 (1.88%) Telecoms
6 11 (1.59%) Financial Institution
7 10 (1.45%) Front Office
7 10 (1.45%) Games
8 7 (1.01%) Manufacturing
9 6 (0.87%) Retail
10 5 (0.72%) Multimedia
11 4 (0.58%) Advertising
11 4 (0.58%) Legal
11 4 (0.58%) Marketing
11 4 (0.58%) Pharmaceutical
12 3 (0.43%) Automotive
12 3 (0.43%) Electronics
12 3 (0.43%) Publishing
13 2 (0.29%) Back Office
13 2 (0.29%) Law
Job Titles
1 319 (46.23%) Developer
2 65 (9.42%) Java Developer
3 63 (9.13%) Analyst
3 63 (9.13%) DevOps Engineer
4 51 (7.39%) Senior Developer
5 43 (6.23%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 43 (6.23%) Scala Developer
6 36 (5.22%) Architect
7 27 (3.91%) Security Analyst
8 24 (3.48%) Consultant
9 21 (3.04%) Agile Developer
9 21 (3.04%) JavaScript Developer
10 20 (2.90%) Linux Developer
10 20 (2.90%) Senior Java Developer
11 19 (2.75%) Agile Java Developer
11 19 (2.75%) Network Engineer
12 17 (2.46%) C Developer
12 17 (2.46%) React Developer
13 16 (2.32%) Python Developer
14 15 (2.17%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 200 (28.99%) REST
2 168 (24.35%) HTML
3 151 (21.88%) JSON
4 148 (21.45%) XML
5 142 (20.58%) CSS
6 115 (16.67%) Web Services
7 108 (15.65%) HTML5
8 99 (14.35%) SOAP
9 97 (14.06%) RESTful
10 92 (13.33%) Spring
11 90 (13.04%) Node.js
12 76 (11.01%) .NET
13 74 (10.72%) J2EE
14 68 (9.86%) AngularJS
15 67 (9.71%) CSS3
16 63 (9.13%) Play Framework
17 51 (7.39%) Servlets
18 47 (6.81%) Guice
19 38 (5.51%) Ruby on Rails
20 36 (5.22%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 79 (11.45%) Analytical Skills
2 37 (5.36%) User Experience
3 32 (4.64%) Algorithms
4 24 (3.48%) Mobile App
5 20 (2.90%) Virtual Team
6 18 (2.61%) Client/Server
7 17 (2.46%) Management Information System
8 15 (2.17%) Device Driver
8 15 (2.17%) Greenfield Project
8 15 (2.17%) Security Operations Centre
9 14 (2.03%) PKI
10 13 (1.88%) Data Structures
11 11 (1.59%) Data Centre
12 10 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
13 9 (1.30%) Fibre Optics
13 9 (1.30%) Linux Command Line
13 9 (1.30%) Mobile Payment
14 8 (1.16%) Self-Motivation
15 7 (1.01%) IPTV
15 7 (1.01%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 306 (44.35%) Linux
2 125 (18.12%) Windows
3 98 (14.20%) Unix
4 39 (5.65%) Windows Server
5 31 (4.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 28 (4.06%) Ubuntu
7 23 (3.33%) Windows Server 2012
8 21 (3.04%) Android
8 21 (3.04%) CentOS
9 17 (2.46%) Windows Server 2003
9 17 (2.46%) Windows Server 2008
10 16 (2.32%) Apple iOS
11 12 (1.74%) Mac OS X
12 11 (1.59%) Windows 10
13 9 (1.30%) Debian
13 9 (1.30%) SUSE
14 8 (1.16%) Windows 7
15 7 (1.01%) Mac OS
15 7 (1.01%) Windows XP
16 5 (0.72%) Check Point GAiA
Processes & Methodologies
1 248 (35.94%) Agile Software Development
2 220 (31.88%) Continuous Integration
3 174 (25.22%) Test Automation
4 156 (22.61%) DevOps
5 133 (19.28%) Open Source
6 130 (18.84%) Configuration Management
7 126 (18.26%) Microservices
8 107 (15.51%) Problem-Solving
9 93 (13.48%) TDD
10 87 (12.61%) Scrum
11 69 (10.00%) Web Development
12 58 (8.41%) Software Engineering
13 56 (8.12%) Analytics
13 56 (8.12%) MVC
14 53 (7.68%) Mentoring
15 49 (7.10%) BDD
16 47 (6.81%) ITIL
17 46 (6.67%) Front End Development
18 41 (5.94%) Continuous Improvement
18 41 (5.94%) Lean Software Development
Programming Languages
1 273 (39.57%) Java
2 163 (23.62%) JavaScript
3 147 (21.30%) Python
4 138 (20.00%) SQL
5 84 (12.17%) Ruby
6 75 (10.87%) Scala
7 58 (8.41%) Bash Shell
8 49 (7.10%) C#
9 43 (6.23%) PowerShell
10 37 (5.36%) Perl
11 31 (4.49%) C
11 31 (4.49%) TypeScript
12 28 (4.06%) PHP
13 21 (3.04%) Java 8
13 21 (3.04%) Kotlin
14 20 (2.90%) XPath
15 18 (2.61%) Groovy
15 18 (2.61%) Haskell
16 17 (2.46%) Go
17 16 (2.32%) ES6
Qualifications
1 72 (10.43%) Security Cleared
2 59 (8.55%) Degree
3 54 (7.83%) SC Cleared
4 42 (6.09%) Cisco Certification
5 31 (4.49%) CCNP
6 30 (4.35%) CCNA
7 23 (3.33%) BPSS Clearance
8 20 (2.90%) Computer Science Degree
9 15 (2.17%) CISSP
10 13 (1.88%) Microsoft Certification
11 12 (1.74%) CEH
12 11 (1.59%) CCIE
13 10 (1.45%) GCIA
13 10 (1.45%) TOGAF Certification
14 9 (1.30%) CCDA
14 9 (1.30%) CompTIA Security+
14 9 (1.30%) JNCIA
14 9 (1.30%) JNCIP
14 9 (1.30%) JNCIS
15 8 (1.16%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (3.91%) QA
2 24 (3.48%) WCAG
3 11 (1.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 9 (1.30%) PCI DSS
5 6 (0.87%) Disclosure Scotland
5 6 (0.87%) GDPR
6 5 (0.72%) MiFID
7 4 (0.58%) Data Quality
7 4 (0.58%) NIST
8 3 (0.43%) Government Security Classifications
8 3 (0.43%) NCSC
9 1 (0.14%) HL7
9 1 (0.14%) PMO
9 1 (0.14%) RMADS
9 1 (0.14%) SLA
System Software
1 95 (13.77%) Docker
2 59 (8.55%) VMware Infrastructure
3 36 (5.22%) Active Directory
4 35 (5.07%) Xen
5 28 (4.06%) Virtual Machines
6 15 (2.17%) VMware ESXi
7 7 (1.01%) VirtualBox
8 4 (0.58%) HDFS
9 3 (0.43%) PowerDNS
10 2 (0.29%) Samba
10 2 (0.29%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.29%) vSphere
11 1 (0.14%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.14%) NFS
11 1 (0.14%) OpenAM
11 1 (0.14%) OpenIDM
11 1 (0.14%) Postfix
11 1 (0.14%) Sendmail
11 1 (0.14%) XenApp
11 1 (0.14%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 114 (16.52%) Puppet
2 66 (9.57%) Terraform
3 63 (9.13%) Ansible
4 62 (8.99%) Kubernetes
5 53 (7.68%) Opscode Chef
6 44 (6.38%) Grafana
7 42 (6.09%) Kibana
8 13 (1.88%) Salt
9 11 (1.59%) Prometheus
9 11 (1.59%) Rancher
10 10 (1.45%) Docker Swarm
10 10 (1.45%) Single Sign-On
11 9 (1.30%) Packer
12 8 (1.16%) Control-M
13 7 (1.01%) logstash
13 7 (1.01%) Nagios
14 6 (0.87%) Hadoop YARN
14 6 (0.87%) HP ALM
15 5 (0.72%) Consul
15 5 (0.72%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 127 (18.41%) Google
2 95 (13.77%) Microsoft
3 69 (10.00%) VMware
4 52 (7.54%) Oracle
5 39 (5.65%) Cisco
6 38 (5.51%) Red Hat
7 28 (4.06%) TIBCO
8 23 (3.33%) Splunk
9 22 (3.19%) IBM
10 21 (3.04%) Juniper
11 15 (2.17%) SAP
12 14 (2.03%) Adobe
12 14 (2.03%) Dell
13 13 (1.88%) F5
14 11 (1.59%) SolarWinds
14 11 (1.59%) Zend
15 10 (1.45%) CheckPoint
15 10 (1.45%) webMethods
16 9 (1.30%) Fortinet
17 8 (1.16%) Cadence