Period
to 25 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 302 282 315
Rank change year-on-year -20 +33 -68
Contract jobs citing HTTP 670 266 725
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.84% 0.89% 0.82%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 7.46% 6.60% 6.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 445 161 518
10th Percentile £363 £375 £375
25th Percentile £450 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £488 £516
Median % change year-on-year +10.77% -5.57% +3.25%
75th Percentile £625 £556 £600
90th Percentile £721 £645 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £448 £500
% change year-on-year +6.15% -10.50% +13.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 7 9
10th Percentile £35.25 £21.80 £40.30
25th Percentile £37.16 £28.74 £46.25
Median hourly rate £41.35 £40.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +3.36% -20.00% +82.33%
75th Percentile £47.56 " "
90th Percentile £52.48 " £54.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.50 £40.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year -1.25% -15.79% +126.19%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 8,985 4,031 11,663
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.24% 13.56% 13.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,774 2,513 7,244
10th Percentile £225 £205 £200
25th Percentile £363 £325 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £438 £425
Median % change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% -
75th Percentile £575 £538 £525
90th Percentile £653 £625 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £410 £400
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 402 188 604
10th Percentile £12.00 £13.25 £12.92
25th Percentile £14.31 £17.44 £16.25
Median hourly rate £22.00 £30.50 £25.12
Median % change year-on-year -27.87% +21.42% +32.21%
75th Percentile £48.42 £46.49 £46.00
90th Percentile £65.00 £54.13 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £27.50 £23.17
% change year-on-year -27.27% +18.71% +23.28%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTTP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Daily rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Hourly rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -48 510 £536 +10.00% 190
London -51 313 £550 +4.76% 86
Work from Home -76 230 £525 - 36
UK excluding London -101 166 £475 +6.15% 110
South East -47 54 £467 +13.08% 27
North of England -71 43 £475 +8.94% 32
North West -47 33 £475 +8.94% 20
Midlands -58 19 £400 - 18
West Midlands -46 17 £390 - 15
Scotland -70 17 £450 -6.25% 4
East of England -55 16 £750 +76.47% 14
South West -37 13 £375 -21.05% 12
Yorkshire -48 8 £363 -22.25% 8
Wales -27 6 £475 -6.86% 2
North East -15 2 £405 -8.89% 4
East Midlands -34 2 £600 - 2

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTTP.

1 242 (36.12%) REST
2 239 (35.67%) Agile Software Development
3 232 (34.63%) AWS
4 226 (33.73%) Java
5 203 (30.30%) Linux
6 186 (27.76%) JavaScript
7 182 (27.16%) DevOps
8 167 (24.93%) Python
9 166 (24.78%) SQL
10 135 (20.15%) Test Automation
11 134 (20.00%) Azure
12 132 (19.70%) Microservices
13 131 (19.55%) Git (software)
14 124 (18.51%) Finance
15 123 (18.36%) TCP/IP
16 121 (18.06%) DNS
17 119 (17.76%) Web Services
18 117 (17.46%) RESTful
18 117 (17.46%) Jenkins
19 113 (16.87%) JSON
20 112 (16.72%) Kubernetes
21 109 (16.27%) SOAP
21 109 (16.27%) Social Skills
22 108 (16.12%) HTML
23 106 (15.82%) Docker
24 101 (15.07%) Node.js
25 99 (14.78%) Windows
26 87 (12.99%) Kafka
27 85 (12.69%) TDD
28 84 (12.54%) XML

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (8.96%) Apache
2 43 (6.42%) Tomcat
3 40 (5.97%) IIS
4 30 (4.48%) Apache Spark
5 28 (4.18%) Elasticsearch
6 27 (4.03%) Confluence
7 24 (3.58%) WebSphere
8 23 (3.43%) nginx
9 13 (1.94%) CMS
10 9 (1.34%) MS Exchange
11 8 (1.19%) WebSphere Application Server
12 7 (1.04%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 7 (1.04%) JBoss
12 7 (1.04%) Jetty
12 7 (1.04%) Mongrel
13 6 (0.90%) IBM HTTP Server
13 6 (0.90%) WebLogic
14 5 (0.75%) Mule
14 5 (0.75%) Mule ESB
15 4 (0.60%) Anypoint
Applications
1 16 (2.39%) MS Visio
2 13 (1.94%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.45%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 8 (1.19%) Sentinel
2 4 (0.60%) BusinessWorks
2 4 (0.60%) Magento
2 4 (0.60%) Shopify
3 1 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.15%) SAP CRM
3 1 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.15%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 232 (34.63%) AWS
2 134 (20.00%) Azure
3 46 (6.87%) GCP
4 44 (6.57%) Serverless
5 36 (5.37%) GitHub
6 29 (4.33%) AWS CloudFormation
7 27 (4.03%) Cloud Computing
8 26 (3.88%) SaaS
9 24 (3.58%) Amazon EC2
9 24 (3.58%) Microsoft 365
10 23 (3.43%) AWS Lambda
11 21 (3.13%) IaaS
12 15 (2.24%) Amazon S3
13 13 (1.94%) Heroku
13 13 (1.94%) OpenShift
13 13 (1.94%) PaaS
14 12 (1.79%) Amazon ECS
15 11 (1.64%) npm
16 10 (1.49%) Akamai
17 9 (1.34%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 123 (18.36%) TCP/IP
2 121 (18.06%) DNS
3 84 (12.54%) Firewall
4 73 (10.90%) SSL
5 63 (9.40%) HTTPS
6 62 (9.25%) FTP
7 43 (6.42%) Internet
8 36 (5.37%) WAN
9 34 (5.07%) SMTP
10 33 (4.93%) DHCP
11 26 (3.88%) Network Security
12 25 (3.73%) LAN
12 25 (3.73%) SNMP
12 25 (3.73%) VPN
13 24 (3.58%) SSH
14 20 (2.99%) SAN
15 17 (2.54%) Wireshark
16 14 (2.09%) ICMP
17 13 (1.94%) IPsec
18 12 (1.79%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 72 (10.75%) NoSQL
2 61 (9.10%) Relational Database
2 61 (9.10%) SQL Server
3 51 (7.61%) MongoDB
4 49 (7.31%) MySQL
4 49 (7.31%) PostgreSQL
5 37 (5.52%) Data Warehouse
6 30 (4.48%) Apache Cassandra
7 22 (3.28%) Big Data
8 19 (2.84%) Redis
9 17 (2.54%) Hadoop
10 16 (2.39%) RDBMS
11 13 (1.94%) Couchbase
11 13 (1.94%) Flink
12 11 (1.64%) Neo4j
13 9 (1.34%) Amazon Redshift
13 9 (1.34%) RavenDB
14 8 (1.19%) Oracle Database
15 7 (1.04%) Power BI
16 6 (0.90%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 131 (19.55%) Git (software)
2 117 (17.46%) Jenkins
3 61 (9.10%) JIRA
4 36 (5.37%) Maven
5 34 (5.07%) JUnit
6 30 (4.48%) Selenium
7 29 (4.33%) Cucumber
8 21 (3.13%) Bitbucket
9 20 (2.99%) GitLab
10 19 (2.84%) Gradle
11 17 (2.54%) Subversion
12 16 (2.39%) JMeter
13 15 (2.24%) Travis CI
13 15 (2.24%) WebDriver
14 14 (2.09%) Gatling
15 12 (1.79%) Mockito
15 12 (1.79%) SpecFlow
16 11 (1.64%) Eclipse
16 11 (1.64%) git-flow
17 9 (1.34%) CircleCI
General
1 124 (18.51%) Finance
2 109 (16.27%) Social Skills
3 52 (7.76%) Public Sector
4 48 (7.16%) Analytical Skills
5 45 (6.72%) Banking
6 26 (3.88%) Telecoms
7 23 (3.43%) Marketing
8 18 (2.69%) Influencing Skills
8 18 (2.69%) Investment Banking
8 18 (2.69%) Retail
9 15 (2.24%) German Language
10 13 (1.94%) Manufacturing
11 12 (1.79%) Electronics
12 11 (1.64%) Publishing
13 10 (1.49%) Retail Banking
14 9 (1.34%) French Language
15 7 (1.04%) Advertising
16 6 (0.90%) Presentation Skills
17 5 (0.75%) Documentation Skills
17 5 (0.75%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 249 (37.16%) Developer
2 62 (9.25%) Architect
3 55 (8.21%) Java Developer
4 44 (6.57%) DevOps Engineer
5 40 (5.97%) Senior Developer
6 32 (4.78%) Consultant
6 32 (4.78%) Software Engineer
7 31 (4.63%) Analyst
7 31 (4.63%) Python Developer
8 26 (3.88%) Scala Developer
9 24 (3.58%) Network Engineer
10 23 (3.43%) Node.js Developer
11 22 (3.28%) Full Stack Developer
11 22 (3.28%) Security Engineer
12 21 (3.13%) Technical Architect
13 20 (2.99%) AWS Engineer
14 19 (2.84%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 16 (2.39%) Senior Java Developer
15 16 (2.39%) Technical Leader
16 15 (2.24%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 242 (36.12%) REST
2 119 (17.76%) Web Services
3 117 (17.46%) RESTful
4 113 (16.87%) JSON
5 109 (16.27%) SOAP
6 108 (16.12%) HTML
7 101 (15.07%) Node.js
8 87 (12.99%) Kafka
9 84 (12.54%) React
9 84 (12.54%) XML
10 72 (10.75%) CSS
11 51 (7.61%) AngularJS
12 49 (7.31%) Spring
13 48 (7.16%) .NET
13 48 (7.16%) Akka
14 35 (5.22%) SAML
15 33 (4.93%) LDAP
16 29 (4.33%) OAuth
17 28 (4.18%) Spring Boot
18 27 (4.03%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 28 (4.18%) Management Information System
2 19 (2.84%) Mobile App
2 19 (2.84%) Public Cloud
3 18 (2.69%) Client/Server
4 16 (2.39%) Enterprise Software
4 16 (2.39%) Greenfield Project
4 16 (2.39%) Self-Motivation
5 15 (2.24%) Hybrid Cloud
6 14 (2.09%) Algorithms
6 14 (2.09%) Legacy Systems
7 13 (1.94%) Derivative
7 13 (1.94%) User Experience
8 12 (1.79%) Clustering
8 12 (1.79%) Data Centre
9 11 (1.64%) Private Cloud
10 10 (1.49%) PKI
11 9 (1.34%) Grid Computing
11 9 (1.34%) Virtual Team
11 9 (1.34%) W3C
12 8 (1.19%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 203 (30.30%) Linux
2 99 (14.78%) Windows
3 68 (10.15%) Unix
4 38 (5.67%) Windows Server
5 19 (2.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 18 (2.69%) Android
7 15 (2.24%) Windows Server 2016
8 14 (2.09%) Ubuntu
9 11 (1.64%) Solaris
9 11 (1.64%) Windows 10
10 10 (1.49%) Apple iOS
10 10 (1.49%) Mac OS X
10 10 (1.49%) Windows Server 2019
11 7 (1.04%) Windows Server 2008
12 6 (0.90%) CentOS
13 4 (0.60%) Windows Server 2003
14 3 (0.45%) Debian
14 3 (0.45%) FreeBSD
14 3 (0.45%) SUSE
15 2 (0.30%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 239 (35.67%) Agile Software Development
2 182 (27.16%) DevOps
3 135 (20.15%) Test Automation
4 132 (19.70%) Microservices
5 85 (12.69%) TDD
6 80 (11.94%) Software Engineering
7 74 (11.04%) Scrum
8 67 (10.00%) Configuration Management
9 65 (9.70%) Problem-Solving
10 64 (9.55%) Continuous Integration
11 62 (9.25%) API Design
12 49 (7.31%) Full Stack Development
13 47 (7.01%) BDD
14 44 (6.57%) Migration
15 42 (6.27%) Open Source
16 41 (6.12%) Infrastructure as Code
17 39 (5.82%) Mentoring
18 37 (5.52%) E-Commerce
18 37 (5.52%) Load Balancing
19 36 (5.37%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 226 (33.73%) Java
2 186 (27.76%) JavaScript
3 167 (24.93%) Python
4 166 (24.78%) SQL
5 71 (10.60%) Scala
6 67 (10.00%) C#
7 61 (9.10%) Bash Shell
8 40 (5.97%) PowerShell
9 33 (4.93%) Shell Script
10 32 (4.78%) TypeScript
11 26 (3.88%) C++
12 24 (3.58%) Ruby
13 22 (3.28%) Kotlin
14 20 (2.99%) Go
14 20 (2.99%) Groovy
14 20 (2.99%) Java 11
15 18 (2.69%) Java 8
15 18 (2.69%) Perl
16 14 (2.09%) PHP
17 13 (1.94%) ABAP
Qualifications
1 66 (9.85%) Security Cleared
2 63 (9.40%) SC Cleared
3 49 (7.31%) Degree
4 19 (2.84%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (2.69%) Cisco Certification
6 17 (2.54%) CCNP
7 15 (2.24%) CCNA
7 15 (2.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 12 (1.79%) ITIL Certification
9 10 (1.49%) ISTQB
10 8 (1.19%) CCDA
10 8 (1.19%) DV Cleared
10 8 (1.19%) JNCIA
10 8 (1.19%) JNCIP
10 8 (1.19%) JNCIS
11 7 (1.04%) CEH
11 7 (1.04%) CISSP
11 7 (1.04%) ISEB
11 7 (1.04%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.75%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (5.82%) Accessibility
2 32 (4.78%) QA
3 13 (1.94%) GDPR
4 8 (1.19%) NIST
5 7 (1.04%) HL7
5 7 (1.04%) WCAG
6 4 (0.60%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.60%) SLA
7 3 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.30%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.30%) ISO 20022
8 2 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.15%) DICOM
9 1 (0.15%) GLBA
9 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 106 (15.82%) Docker
2 38 (5.67%) Active Directory
3 32 (4.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (2.99%) NFS
5 8 (1.19%) HDFS
6 7 (1.04%) IAG
6 7 (1.04%) VMware ESXi
6 7 (1.04%) VMware NSX
6 7 (1.04%) Xen
7 5 (0.75%) OpenAM
7 5 (0.75%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.30%) Microsoft App-V
8 2 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.15%) BitLocker
9 1 (0.15%) Ceph
9 1 (0.15%) KVM
9 1 (0.15%) OpenDJ
9 1 (0.15%) QEMU
9 1 (0.15%) RHEV
9 1 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 112 (16.72%) Kubernetes
2 61 (9.10%) Ansible
3 45 (6.72%) Puppet
4 34 (5.07%) Terraform
5 21 (3.13%) Single Sign-On
6 19 (2.84%) Opscode Chef
7 18 (2.69%) Grafana
8 11 (1.64%) Graphite
9 10 (1.49%) FortiGate
10 9 (1.34%) Hadoop YARN
10 9 (1.34%) Kibana
10 9 (1.34%) Nagios
10 9 (1.34%) QRadar
11 8 (1.19%) Oozie
11 8 (1.19%) PingFederate
11 8 (1.19%) Prometheus
12 6 (0.90%) Failover Clustering
12 6 (0.90%) HP ALM
12 6 (0.90%) SCCM
13 5 (0.75%) vRealize
Vendors
1 66 (9.85%) Oracle
2 52 (7.76%) Splunk
3 50 (7.46%) Microsoft
4 45 (6.72%) VMware
5 35 (5.22%) Cisco
6 34 (5.07%) Google
7 32 (4.78%) SAP
8 29 (4.33%) Red Hat
9 24 (3.58%) F5
9 24 (3.58%) Salesforce.com
10 20 (2.99%) IBM
10 20 (2.99%) Palo Alto
10 20 (2.99%) ServiceNow
11 19 (2.84%) Juniper
12 18 (2.69%) Dell
13 16 (2.39%) Zscaler
14 15 (2.24%) Citrix
15 14 (2.09%) MuleSoft
16 11 (1.64%) Adobe
17 10 (1.49%) NetApp