Period
to 16 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 16 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 238 242 192
Rank change year-on-year +4 -50 +3
Contract jobs citing HTTP 1,210 1,101 1,466
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.16% 1.07% 1.43%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.02% 7.95% 9.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 721 770 981
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% +4.65%
10th Percentile £358 £350 £313
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £430
% change year-on-year -5.26% +10.47% +2.81%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 24 19
UK median hourly rate £30.46 £33.00 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.69% +3.13% -4.88%
10th Percentile £19.60 £15.79 £15.00
90th Percentile £45.70 £43.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.00 £33.00 £15.00
% change year-on-year -3.03% +120.00% -55.41%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 13,414 13,843 15,408
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.87% 13.49% 15.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,088 8,521 9,358
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +2.56%
10th Percentile £200 £180 £213
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 639 710 792
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £19.00 £22.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.26% -15.08% +8.33%
10th Percentile £12.22 £11.04 £11.72
90th Percentile £48.30 £46.28 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £19.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year -5.26% -17.39% +15.00%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTTP as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing HTTP.

Contractor daily rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP.

Contractor hourly rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the UK over the 6 months to 16 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 1,129 £500 - 268
UK excluding London +18 621 £450 -5.26% 160
London +5 560 £525 +2.69% 119
South East -13 200 £464 -2.32% 33
North of England +25 157 £478 -7.95% 38
East of England +18 83 £500 -4.76% 29
North West +21 74 £475 -11.21% 20
Yorkshire -4 66 £500 -6.54% 15
South West -2 63 £410 -3.53% 34
Midlands -30 61 £500 - 15
West Midlands -40 40 £500 - 9
Scotland -18 30 £438 +9.38% 8
Wales -11 26 £400 -5.88% 3
North East -9 22 £460 -26.40% 3
East Midlands +16 18 £500 +11.11% 6
Northern Ireland +17 1 £375 -16.67%

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTTP.

1 628 (51.90%) Linux
2 596 (49.26%) Java
3 557 (46.03%) Agile Software Development
4 458 (37.85%) Git (software)
5 445 (36.78%) Jenkins
6 418 (34.55%) JavaScript
7 402 (33.22%) Continuous Integration
8 401 (33.14%) TCP/IP
9 388 (32.07%) DevOps
10 363 (30.00%) Test Automation
11 357 (29.50%) SSL
12 338 (27.93%) HTML
13 336 (27.77%) REST
14 324 (26.78%) Amazon AWS
15 307 (25.37%) Python
16 303 (25.04%) Open Source
17 293 (24.21%) Docker
18 292 (24.13%) Configuration Management
19 288 (23.80%) CSS
20 284 (23.47%) JSON
21 282 (23.31%) Microservices
22 279 (23.06%) Puppet
23 266 (21.98%) DNS
24 263 (21.74%) TDD
25 254 (20.99%) Scrum
26 240 (19.83%) Unix
27 236 (19.50%) Spring
28 233 (19.26%) MongoDB
29 220 (18.18%) Apache
30 219 (18.10%) C#

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 220 (18.18%) Apache
2 143 (11.82%) Tomcat
3 133 (10.99%) nginx
4 111 (9.17%) Confluence
5 100 (8.26%) WebSphere
6 92 (7.60%) IIS
7 79 (6.53%) Elasticsearch
8 72 (5.95%) JBoss
9 61 (5.04%) Jetty
10 59 (4.88%) Mongrel
11 54 (4.46%) WebLogic
12 48 (3.97%) Apache Spark
13 27 (2.23%) OpenStack
14 22 (1.82%) CMS
14 22 (1.82%) Drupal
15 18 (1.49%) Apache Solr
15 18 (1.49%) WebSphere Application Server
16 15 (1.24%) Apache Qpid
16 15 (1.24%) Commerce Server
17 13 (1.07%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 4 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.083%) HipChat
4 1 (0.083%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.083%) OmniGraffle
4 1 (0.083%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 7 (0.58%) Oracle BPM
2 5 (0.41%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 3 (0.25%) BusinessWorks
3 3 (0.25%) SAP ERP
3 3 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.17%) Global One
4 2 (0.17%) ION MarketView
4 2 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.17%) Workday HCM
5 1 (0.083%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.083%) Magento
5 1 (0.083%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.083%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 324 (26.78%) Amazon AWS
2 121 (10.00%) Microsoft Azure
3 112 (9.26%) Amazon EC2
4 82 (6.78%) GitHub
5 65 (5.37%) Google Cloud Platform
6 64 (5.29%) Amazon S3
7 54 (4.46%) Google Analytics
8 52 (4.30%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 50 (4.13%) Amazon ELB
10 49 (4.05%) Route 53
11 47 (3.88%) Google App Engine
12 46 (3.80%) Cloud Computing
13 36 (2.98%) AWS CloudFormation
14 33 (2.73%) Heroku
15 30 (2.48%) PaaS
16 28 (2.31%) npm
17 25 (2.07%) IaaS
18 24 (1.98%) Amazon SQS
18 24 (1.98%) Apigee
18 24 (1.98%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 401 (33.14%) TCP/IP
2 357 (29.50%) SSL
3 266 (21.98%) DNS
4 170 (14.05%) FTP
5 125 (10.33%) DHCP
6 109 (9.01%) Firewall
7 96 (7.93%) IPsec
8 94 (7.77%) Internet
9 84 (6.94%) HTTPS
10 69 (5.70%) VPN
11 61 (5.04%) SMTP
12 34 (2.81%) Kerberos
12 34 (2.81%) SSH
12 34 (2.81%) VoIP
13 29 (2.40%) WAN
14 26 (2.15%) MPLS
14 26 (2.15%) SNMP
14 26 (2.15%) Wireless
15 22 (1.82%) LAN
16 19 (1.57%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 233 (19.26%) MongoDB
2 179 (14.79%) Relational Database
3 135 (11.16%) MySQL
4 128 (10.58%) NoSQL
5 118 (9.75%) PostgreSQL
6 111 (9.17%) Apache Cassandra
7 103 (8.51%) SQL Server
8 52 (4.30%) Big Data
9 44 (3.64%) RDBMS
10 43 (3.55%) Hadoop
10 43 (3.55%) Redis
11 39 (3.22%) Neo4j
12 21 (1.74%) Amazon RDS
13 17 (1.40%) Oracle Database
14 13 (1.07%) DB2
14 13 (1.07%) HBase
14 13 (1.07%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 12 (0.99%) MariaDB
16 11 (0.91%) Apache Hive
17 10 (0.83%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 458 (37.85%) Git (software)
2 445 (36.78%) Jenkins
3 169 (13.97%) JUnit
4 144 (11.90%) JIRA
5 143 (11.82%) Subversion
6 142 (11.74%) Selenium
7 118 (9.75%) Cucumber
8 100 (8.26%) Maven
9 89 (7.36%) gulp
10 85 (7.02%) Ant
11 84 (6.94%) Travis CI
12 76 (6.28%) GitLab
13 69 (5.70%) Gatling
13 69 (5.70%) SonarQube
14 63 (5.21%) IntelliJ
15 60 (4.96%) Hudson
16 58 (4.79%) Gradle
17 49 (4.05%) Grunt
17 49 (4.05%) Karma Test Runner
18 47 (3.88%) Mockito
General
1 96 (7.93%) Finance
2 52 (4.30%) Banking
3 32 (2.64%) Retail
4 28 (2.31%) Telecoms
5 16 (1.32%) Marketing
6 14 (1.16%) Advertising
6 14 (1.16%) Investment Banking
7 10 (0.83%) Law
7 10 (0.83%) Legal
7 10 (0.83%) Manufacturing
8 7 (0.58%) Publishing
9 6 (0.50%) Electronics
10 5 (0.41%) Billing
11 3 (0.25%) Front Office
11 3 (0.25%) Games
11 3 (0.25%) Spanish Language
12 2 (0.17%) Aerospace
12 2 (0.17%) Financial Institution
12 2 (0.17%) German Language
12 2 (0.17%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 587 (48.51%) Developer
2 190 (15.70%) DevOps Engineer
3 166 (13.72%) Java Developer
4 97 (8.02%) Scala Developer
5 80 (6.61%) Agile Developer
6 74 (6.12%) Architect
7 63 (5.21%) Senior Developer
8 53 (4.38%) .NET Developer
9 36 (2.98%) Analyst
9 36 (2.98%) Software Engineer
10 35 (2.89%) AWS DevOps
11 33 (2.73%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 33 (2.73%) Tester
12 32 (2.64%) AWS Engineer
13 31 (2.56%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 31 (2.56%) Lead Developer
13 31 (2.56%) Senior Java Developer
14 30 (2.48%) C# Developer
15 29 (2.40%) Consultant
16 28 (2.31%) Perl Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 338 (27.93%) HTML
2 336 (27.77%) REST
3 288 (23.80%) CSS
4 284 (23.47%) JSON
5 236 (19.50%) Spring
6 190 (15.70%) .NET
7 186 (15.37%) HTML5
8 170 (14.05%) RESTful
9 163 (13.47%) SOAP
10 162 (13.39%) AngularJS
11 158 (13.06%) Node.js
12 157 (12.98%) XML
13 122 (10.08%) Servlets
14 120 (9.92%) J2EE
15 116 (9.59%) Play Framework
16 113 (9.34%) Web Services
17 111 (9.17%) Guice
17 111 (9.17%) Ruby on Rails
18 100 (8.26%) jQuery
19 83 (6.86%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 84 (6.94%) Analytical Skills
2 78 (6.45%) Self-Motivation
3 44 (3.64%) Mobile App
4 40 (3.31%) Data Centre
5 38 (3.14%) Linux Command Line
6 31 (2.56%) PKI
7 24 (1.98%) Fintech
8 23 (1.90%) Clustering
8 23 (1.90%) Public Cloud
9 22 (1.82%) Greenfield Project
9 22 (1.82%) User Experience
10 21 (1.74%) Data Structures
11 19 (1.57%) Algorithms
12 17 (1.40%) Cyberthreat
13 16 (1.32%) W3C
14 14 (1.16%) Management Information System
14 14 (1.16%) Wiki
15 13 (1.07%) SCADA
16 10 (0.83%) DataPower
16 10 (0.83%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 628 (51.90%) Linux
2 240 (19.83%) Unix
3 194 (16.03%) Windows
4 101 (8.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 81 (6.69%) Ubuntu
6 75 (6.20%) CentOS
7 49 (4.05%) Windows Server
8 40 (3.31%) Mac OS X
9 31 (2.56%) Apple iOS
10 28 (2.31%) Android
11 20 (1.65%) Solaris
12 17 (1.40%) Debian
13 15 (1.24%) Kali Linux
14 14 (1.16%) Windows Server 2012
15 13 (1.07%) Fedora
16 12 (0.99%) SUSE
16 12 (0.99%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 7 (0.58%) Embedded Linux
18 6 (0.50%) AIX
19 5 (0.41%) Check Point GAiA
Processes & Methodologies
1 557 (46.03%) Agile Software Development
2 402 (33.22%) Continuous Integration
3 388 (32.07%) DevOps
4 363 (30.00%) Test Automation
5 303 (25.04%) Open Source
6 292 (24.13%) Configuration Management
7 282 (23.31%) Microservices
8 263 (21.74%) TDD
9 254 (20.99%) Scrum
10 214 (17.69%) Problem-Solving
11 176 (14.55%) MVC
12 172 (14.21%) OO
13 142 (11.74%) BDD
14 126 (10.41%) Software Engineering
15 124 (10.25%) Responsive Web Design
16 120 (9.92%) Kanban
17 111 (9.17%) Web Design
17 111 (9.17%) Web Development
18 108 (8.93%) Unit Testing
19 107 (8.84%) OWASP
Programming Languages
1 596 (49.26%) Java
2 418 (34.55%) JavaScript
3 307 (25.37%) Python
4 219 (18.10%) C#
5 217 (17.93%) Ruby
5 217 (17.93%) SQL
6 179 (14.79%) Perl
7 131 (10.83%) Scala
8 107 (8.84%) Bash Shell
9 88 (7.27%) Groovy
10 70 (5.79%) Java 8
11 60 (4.96%) Shell Script
12 59 (4.88%) C
13 56 (4.63%) PowerShell
14 55 (4.55%) Haskell
15 46 (3.80%) ES6
16 44 (3.64%) TypeScript
17 41 (3.39%) PHP
18 35 (2.89%) C++
19 28 (2.31%) Go
Qualifications
1 96 (7.93%) Security Cleared
2 75 (6.20%) SC Cleared
3 68 (5.62%) Degree
4 67 (5.54%) BPSS Clearance
5 31 (2.56%) Computer Science Degree
6 17 (1.40%) Cisco Certification
6 17 (1.40%) DV Cleared
7 16 (1.32%) Microsoft Certification
8 13 (1.07%) CCNA
8 13 (1.07%) OSCE
8 13 (1.07%) SANS
9 12 (0.99%) CISSP
10 10 (0.83%) CCNP
10 10 (0.83%) ISTQB
11 8 (0.66%) CEH
11 8 (0.66%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 8 (0.66%) OSCP
12 7 (0.58%) CREST Certified
13 5 (0.41%) CCSE
13 5 (0.41%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (3.39%) QA
2 17 (1.40%) GDPR
3 14 (1.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 14 (1.16%) PCI DSS
4 11 (0.91%) WCAG
5 7 (0.58%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.58%) Disclosure Scotland
6 6 (0.50%) HIPAA
6 6 (0.50%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.17%) PSD2
7 2 (0.17%) SLA
8 1 (0.083%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.083%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.083%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 293 (24.21%) Docker
2 82 (6.78%) VMware Infrastructure
3 68 (5.62%) Active Directory
4 52 (4.30%) Xen
5 37 (3.06%) Virtual Machines
6 20 (1.65%) Hyper-V
7 17 (1.40%) VirtualBox
8 15 (1.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 14 (1.16%) Postfix
10 13 (1.07%) KVM
11 10 (0.83%) Squid
12 8 (0.66%) HDFS
12 8 (0.66%) vCloud
12 8 (0.66%) vSphere
13 7 (0.58%) Virtual Servers
14 6 (0.50%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 4 (0.33%) LXC
16 3 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
16 3 (0.25%) Terminal Services
16 3 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 279 (23.06%) Puppet
2 194 (16.03%) Ansible
3 177 (14.63%) Kubernetes
4 124 (10.25%) Terraform
5 108 (8.93%) Opscode Chef
6 105 (8.68%) Grafana
7 88 (7.27%) Kibana
8 53 (4.38%) Packer
9 48 (3.97%) Prometheus
10 43 (3.55%) Rancher
11 36 (2.98%) Docker Swarm
12 31 (2.56%) logstash
13 28 (2.31%) Salt
14 21 (1.74%) Single Sign-On
15 20 (1.65%) Nessus
16 18 (1.49%) Nmap
17 16 (1.32%) Nagios
18 13 (1.07%) ZABBIX
19 12 (0.99%) Graylog
20 11 (0.91%) CFEngine
Vendors
1 187 (15.45%) Google
2 186 (15.37%) Microsoft
3 94 (7.77%) VMware
4 81 (6.69%) Oracle
5 64 (5.29%) Red Hat
6 55 (4.55%) Splunk
7 39 (3.22%) Cisco
8 37 (3.06%) Black Duck
9 33 (2.73%) Adobe
10 30 (2.48%) webMethods
11 29 (2.40%) F5
11 29 (2.40%) IBM
12 24 (1.98%) AppDynamics
13 23 (1.90%) HP
14 22 (1.82%) New Relic
15 19 (1.57%) CheckPoint
15 19 (1.57%) SAP
16 16 (1.32%) Atlassian
17 15 (1.24%) Rackspace
17 15 (1.24%) Salesforce.com