Period
to 9 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 9 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 262 254 244
Rank change year-on-year -8 -10 -58
Contract jobs citing HTTP 587 1,059 1,118
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.97% 1.09% 1.11%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 7.08% 8.64% 8.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 398 742 812
Median daily rate £500 £509 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.67% +1.70% +7.53%
10th Percentile £343 £363 £350
90th Percentile £688 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £464
% change year-on-year -5.00% +7.82% +3.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 9 23
Median hourly rate £50.00 £35.00 £31.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% +12.90% -27.91%
10th Percentile £41.03 £15.37 £15.65
90th Percentile £68.75 £77.70 £41.51
UK excluding London median hourly rate £60.25 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +72.14% - -19.54%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 8,296 12,259 13,292
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.70% 12.66% 13.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,865 7,564 8,184
Median daily rate £425 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.03% +2.48%
10th Percentile £175 £200 £200
90th Percentile £600 £610 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% -1.32%
Number of hourly rates quoted 510 567 718
Median hourly rate £22.50 £18.70 £19.06
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.32% -1.89% -11.35%
10th Percentile £13.25 £12.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £51.75 £49.05 £47.50
Median hourly rate £20.00 £17.25 £19.00
% change year-on-year +15.94% -9.21% -9.39%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTTP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Daily rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Hourly rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the UK over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 507 £500 -4.76% 185
UK excluding London +26 353 £475 -5.00% 126
London -13 224 £525 -4.55% 69
North of England +12 125 £520 +0.49% 28
Scotland +66 70 £490 +17.01% 7
South East +53 64 £425 -5.56% 47
East of England +42 60 £450 -5.26% 24
Yorkshire +18 57 £550 +4.76% 1
North West +18 41 £519 -1.24% 24
North East +37 33 £490 +8.89% 3
South West -7 18 £450 -14.29% 7
Work from Home +7 17 £413 -21.43% 17
Midlands +30 15 £431 -13.75% 11
West Midlands +47 12 £495 -1.00% 5
Wales +11 5 £525 +10.53% 3
East Midlands +23 3 £381 -7.01% 6

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTTP.

1 268 (45.66%) Linux
2 238 (40.55%) Java
3 233 (39.69%) Agile Software Development
4 227 (38.67%) TCP/IP
5 212 (36.12%) Continuous Integration
6 198 (33.73%) Jenkins
7 189 (32.20%) Git (software)
8 168 (28.62%) Python
9 167 (28.45%) REST
10 161 (27.43%) JavaScript
11 156 (26.58%) AWS
12 155 (26.41%) DevOps
13 135 (23.00%) SSL
14 132 (22.49%) Open Source
15 128 (21.81%) Test Automation
16 126 (21.47%) XML
17 123 (20.95%) Configuration Management
18 121 (20.61%) Microservices
19 120 (20.44%) HTML
19 120 (20.44%) JSON
20 113 (19.25%) DNS
21 112 (19.08%) SOAP
22 104 (17.72%) Web Services
22 104 (17.72%) Google
23 102 (17.38%) Problem-Solving
24 100 (17.04%) CSS
24 100 (17.04%) Puppet
25 94 (16.01%) RESTful
26 89 (15.16%) SQL
27 87 (14.82%) DHCP

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 76 (12.95%) Apache
2 61 (10.39%) Tomcat
3 57 (9.71%) WebSphere
4 48 (8.18%) nginx
5 39 (6.64%) IIS
6 35 (5.96%) Jetty
7 28 (4.77%) Mongrel
8 27 (4.60%) Confluence
9 25 (4.26%) WebLogic
10 23 (3.92%) Elasticsearch
11 16 (2.73%) CMS
12 15 (2.56%) JBoss
13 10 (1.70%) Apache Spark
13 10 (1.70%) Red Hat Fuse
14 8 (1.36%) Apache ServiceMix
14 8 (1.36%) Oracle HTTP Server
14 8 (1.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 6 (1.02%) IBM HTTP Server
15 6 (1.02%) WebSphere Application Server
16 5 (0.85%) WebSphere Process Server
Applications
1 7 (1.19%) Chatbot
2 3 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.34%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.17%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.17%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 24 (4.09%) BusinessWorks
2 11 (1.87%) Magento
3 1 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 156 (26.58%) AWS
2 79 (13.46%) Azure
2 79 (13.46%) GCP
3 78 (13.29%) GitHub
4 37 (6.30%) Amazon EC2
5 29 (4.94%) Google App Engine
6 28 (4.77%) PaaS
7 20 (3.41%) Google Analytics
8 14 (2.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 14 (2.39%) Route 53
9 12 (2.04%) Serverless
10 11 (1.87%) Amazon SQS
10 11 (1.87%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 10 (1.70%) Amazon EKS
11 10 (1.70%) AWS CloudFormation
11 10 (1.70%) IBM Cloud
12 9 (1.53%) Amazon S3
12 9 (1.53%) AWS CloudTrail
12 9 (1.53%) AWS Lambda
12 9 (1.53%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 227 (38.67%) TCP/IP
2 135 (23.00%) SSL
3 113 (19.25%) DNS
4 87 (14.82%) DHCP
5 78 (13.29%) HTTPS
6 64 (10.90%) FTP
7 50 (8.52%) Wireshark
8 48 (8.18%) Firewall
9 40 (6.81%) IPsec
10 38 (6.47%) Internet
11 37 (6.30%) IPv4
11 37 (6.30%) IPv6
12 36 (6.13%) SMTP
13 32 (5.45%) Wi-Fi
14 23 (3.92%) VPN
15 22 (3.75%) SNMP
16 17 (2.90%) Ethernet
17 16 (2.73%) DOCSIS
18 15 (2.56%) LAN
18 15 (2.56%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 79 (13.46%) Relational Database
2 63 (10.73%) MongoDB
3 62 (10.56%) SQL Server
4 47 (8.01%) MySQL
5 43 (7.33%) NoSQL
6 32 (5.45%) Apache Cassandra
7 29 (4.94%) RDBMS
8 24 (4.09%) PostgreSQL
9 17 (2.90%) Redis
10 12 (2.04%) Spotfire
11 11 (1.87%) Amazon RDS
11 11 (1.87%) Big Data
12 10 (1.70%) Data Warehouse
13 9 (1.53%) Hadoop
13 9 (1.53%) Neo4j
14 7 (1.19%) Aerospike
14 7 (1.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 7 (1.19%) Oracle Database
15 6 (1.02%) BusinessObjects
15 6 (1.02%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 198 (33.73%) Jenkins
2 189 (32.20%) Git (software)
3 60 (10.22%) JUnit
4 43 (7.33%) Selenium
5 40 (6.81%) Maven
6 39 (6.64%) Cucumber
6 39 (6.64%) Gradle
7 37 (6.30%) JIRA
8 30 (5.11%) Travis CI
9 29 (4.94%) Gatling
10 28 (4.77%) SonarQube
11 26 (4.43%) Mockito
12 24 (4.09%) Subversion
13 23 (3.92%) CircleCI
14 20 (3.41%) Ant
15 19 (3.24%) GitLab
15 19 (3.24%) JMeter
16 16 (2.73%) git-flow
17 14 (2.39%) Eclipse
17 14 (2.39%) MSI
General
1 61 (10.39%) Public Sector
2 55 (9.37%) Finance
3 36 (6.13%) Banking
4 13 (2.21%) Front Office
5 11 (1.87%) Marketing
6 10 (1.70%) Telecoms
7 9 (1.53%) Manufacturing
8 8 (1.36%) Games
9 6 (1.02%) Retail
10 5 (0.85%) Electronics
10 5 (0.85%) Financial Institution
10 5 (0.85%) Investment Banking
11 3 (0.51%) Automotive
11 3 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.51%) Publishing
12 2 (0.34%) Law
12 2 (0.34%) Legal
13 1 (0.17%) Advertising
13 1 (0.17%) French Language
13 1 (0.17%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 268 (45.66%) Developer
2 59 (10.05%) DevOps Engineer
3 52 (8.86%) Java Developer
4 43 (7.33%) Architect
5 39 (6.64%) Senior Developer
6 35 (5.96%) Analyst
7 30 (5.11%) C Developer
8 29 (4.94%) Linux Developer
9 27 (4.60%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 27 (4.60%) Scala Developer
10 18 (3.07%) Consultant
11 17 (2.90%) Network Engineer
12 16 (2.73%) JavaScript Developer
12 16 (2.73%) Python Developer
13 15 (2.56%) Agile Developer
14 14 (2.39%) Agile Java Developer
14 14 (2.39%) Full Stack Developer
14 14 (2.39%) Node.js Developer
14 14 (2.39%) Senior DevOps
14 14 (2.39%) TIBCO Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 167 (28.45%) REST
2 126 (21.47%) XML
3 120 (20.44%) HTML
3 120 (20.44%) JSON
4 112 (19.08%) SOAP
5 104 (17.72%) Web Services
6 100 (17.04%) CSS
7 94 (16.01%) RESTful
8 83 (14.14%) Node.js
9 78 (13.29%) Spring
10 73 (12.44%) HTML5
11 72 (12.27%) .NET
12 59 (10.05%) J2EE
13 46 (7.84%) AngularJS
14 38 (6.47%) Play Framework
15 37 (6.30%) CSS3
16 35 (5.96%) Servlets
17 32 (5.45%) Guice
18 30 (5.11%) Spring Boot
19 29 (4.94%) POSIX
Miscellaneous
1 68 (11.58%) Analytical Skills
2 38 (6.47%) Algorithms
2 38 (6.47%) User Experience
3 29 (4.94%) Device Driver
4 22 (3.75%) Enterprise Software
5 19 (3.24%) Data Structures
6 18 (3.07%) Mobile App
7 13 (2.21%) Mobile Payment
7 13 (2.21%) PKI
8 11 (1.87%) Greenfield Project
8 11 (1.87%) Virtual Team
9 10 (1.70%) Management Information System
9 10 (1.70%) Public Cloud
10 9 (1.53%) Client/Server
10 9 (1.53%) Data Centre
10 9 (1.53%) Self-Motivation
11 8 (1.36%) IPTV
12 7 (1.19%) Fibre Optics
13 6 (1.02%) Clustering
13 6 (1.02%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 268 (45.66%) Linux
2 75 (12.78%) Unix
3 73 (12.44%) Windows
4 29 (4.94%) Windows Server
5 28 (4.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 20 (3.41%) Windows Server 2012
7 17 (2.90%) Windows Server 2003
7 17 (2.90%) Windows Server 2008
8 15 (2.56%) CentOS
9 14 (2.39%) Windows 10
9 14 (2.39%) Windows 7
9 14 (2.39%) Windows XP
10 13 (2.21%) Android
10 13 (2.21%) Mac OS X
11 12 (2.04%) Ubuntu
12 6 (1.02%) Windows Server 2016
13 5 (0.85%) Apple iOS
13 5 (0.85%) Check Point GAiA
13 5 (0.85%) SUSE
14 4 (0.68%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 233 (39.69%) Agile Software Development
2 212 (36.12%) Continuous Integration
3 155 (26.41%) DevOps
4 132 (22.49%) Open Source
5 128 (21.81%) Test Automation
6 123 (20.95%) Configuration Management
7 121 (20.61%) Microservices
8 102 (17.38%) Problem-Solving
9 83 (14.14%) TDD
10 75 (12.78%) Scrum
11 63 (10.73%) Web Development
12 54 (9.20%) Continuous Delivery
13 50 (8.52%) Software Engineering
14 49 (8.35%) Mentoring
15 42 (7.16%) MVC
16 40 (6.81%) BDD
16 40 (6.81%) Unit Testing
17 37 (6.30%) ITIL
18 36 (6.13%) SDLC
19 34 (5.79%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 238 (40.55%) Java
2 168 (28.62%) Python
3 161 (27.43%) JavaScript
4 89 (15.16%) SQL
5 58 (9.88%) Bash Shell
6 54 (9.20%) Scala
7 53 (9.03%) Ruby
8 45 (7.67%) C#
9 43 (7.33%) C
10 35 (5.96%) PowerShell
11 29 (4.94%) Perl
12 26 (4.43%) PHP
13 22 (3.75%) Java 8
13 22 (3.75%) Kotlin
14 21 (3.58%) TypeScript
15 20 (3.41%) Go
16 19 (3.24%) XPath
17 18 (3.07%) VB
18 15 (2.56%) Tcl
19 14 (2.39%) REXX
Qualifications
1 53 (9.03%) Security Cleared
2 47 (8.01%) Degree
3 40 (6.81%) SC Cleared
4 23 (3.92%) BPSS Clearance
5 19 (3.24%) Cisco Certification
6 16 (2.73%) Computer Science Degree
7 15 (2.56%) CCNP
8 11 (1.87%) CCNA
9 8 (1.36%) CEH
10 7 (1.19%) ISTQB
10 7 (1.19%) JNCIA
10 7 (1.19%) JNCIP
10 7 (1.19%) JNCIS
11 6 (1.02%) CompTIA Security+
12 5 (0.85%) DBS Check
12 5 (0.85%) Microsoft Certification
13 4 (0.68%) CCIP
13 4 (0.68%) GCIA
13 4 (0.68%) GIAC
13 4 (0.68%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (4.26%) QA
2 18 (3.07%) WCAG
3 11 (1.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 9 (1.53%) PCI DSS
5 7 (1.19%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.51%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.51%) Government Security Classifications
6 3 (0.51%) NCSC
7 2 (0.34%) RMADS
8 1 (0.17%) GDPR
8 1 (0.17%) HL7
8 1 (0.17%) MiFID
8 1 (0.17%) NIST
8 1 (0.17%) PMO
8 1 (0.17%) SLA
System Software
1 75 (12.78%) Docker
2 40 (6.81%) VMware Infrastructure
3 31 (5.28%) Active Directory
4 28 (4.77%) Xen
5 16 (2.73%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (1.36%) NFS
7 5 (0.85%) HDFS
7 5 (0.85%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.68%) vSphere
9 2 (0.34%) Varnish
10 1 (0.17%) iptables
10 1 (0.17%) OpenAM
10 1 (0.17%) OpenDJ
10 1 (0.17%) OpenIDM
10 1 (0.17%) Samba
10 1 (0.17%) Snort
10 1 (0.17%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.17%) XenApp
10 1 (0.17%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 100 (17.04%) Puppet
2 83 (14.14%) Terraform
3 77 (13.12%) Kubernetes
4 63 (10.73%) Ansible
5 51 (8.69%) Opscode Chef
6 31 (5.28%) Grafana
7 23 (3.92%) Salt
8 20 (3.41%) Kibana
9 14 (2.39%) Prometheus
10 8 (1.36%) Docker Swarm
10 8 (1.36%) Rancher
11 7 (1.19%) HP ALM
11 7 (1.19%) Single Sign-On
12 6 (1.02%) FortiGate
12 6 (1.02%) HP Quality Center
13 5 (0.85%) Consul
13 5 (0.85%) Packer
13 5 (0.85%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
13 5 (0.85%) ZABBIX
14 4 (0.68%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 104 (17.72%) Google
2 63 (10.73%) Microsoft
3 59 (10.05%) Oracle
4 46 (7.84%) VMware
5 38 (6.47%) Cisco
6 29 (4.94%) Red Hat
7 25 (4.26%) IBM
8 24 (4.09%) TIBCO
9 21 (3.58%) Juniper
10 16 (2.73%) SAP
11 14 (2.39%) Splunk
12 12 (2.04%) F5
13 11 (1.87%) CheckPoint
14 10 (1.70%) Adobe
14 10 (1.70%) Dell
14 10 (1.70%) Fortinet
14 10 (1.70%) HP
15 9 (1.53%) Salesforce.com
15 9 (1.53%) Zend
16 8 (1.36%) Atlassian