Period
to 22 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 22 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 236 251 188
Rank change year-on-year +15 -63 -9
Contract jobs citing HTTP 1,193 1,053 1,391
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.20% 1.06% 1.46%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.36% 7.91% 9.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 722 766 952
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% +2.86%
10th Percentile £363 £360 £325
90th Percentile £635 £638 £595
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £485 £425
% change year-on-year -2.06% +14.12% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 19 14
UK median hourly rate £27.43 £33.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.89% -34.00% +25.00%
10th Percentile £15.37 £15.72 £23.70
90th Percentile £43.75 £43.00 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £33.54 £55.00
% change year-on-year -35.90% -39.02% +37.50%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 12,740 13,316 14,317
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.78% 13.37% 15.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,682 8,227 8,721
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - -
10th Percentile £200 £180 £213
90th Percentile £608 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 605 681 743
UK median hourly rate £18.75 £18.70 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.27% -16.89% -
10th Percentile £12.00 £10.88 £11.47
90th Percentile £48.75 £45.25 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.88 £22.50
% change year-on-year -7.28% -16.11% +4.65%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTTP as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing HTTP.

Contractor daily rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP.

Contractor hourly rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 1,108 £500 - 279
UK excluding London +16 596 £475 -2.06% 156
London +31 565 £530 +2.91% 133
North of England +33 169 £500 -3.61% 43
South East -24 167 £453 -4.74% 38
Yorkshire +15 81 £500 -6.54% 20
East of England +34 78 £513 -1.44% 21
North West +15 64 £476 -10.98% 22
Midlands +10 63 £500 - 20
South West +1 61 £500 +15.61% 24
West Midlands -34 39 £500 - 11
Wales +4 32 £408 +1.88% 5
North East -3 29 £465 -21.39% 1
Scotland -18 25 £419 +4.69% 5
East Midlands +28 21 £500 +11.11% 9
Northern Ireland +10 1 £375 -16.67%

For the 6 months to 22 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTTP.

1 655 (54.90%) Linux
2 608 (50.96%) Java
3 546 (45.77%) Agile Software Development
4 466 (39.06%) Jenkins
5 451 (37.80%) Git (software)
6 416 (34.87%) Continuous Integration
7 406 (34.03%) TCP/IP
8 396 (33.19%) JavaScript
8 396 (33.19%) DevOps
9 376 (31.52%) Test Automation
10 358 (30.01%) SSL
11 340 (28.50%) REST
12 334 (28.00%) Python
13 332 (27.83%) Configuration Management
14 318 (26.66%) Open Source
15 312 (26.15%) HTML
16 309 (25.90%) Amazon AWS
17 297 (24.90%) Puppet
18 286 (23.97%) DNS
18 286 (23.97%) Microservices
19 272 (22.80%) Docker
20 264 (22.13%) Unix
21 263 (22.05%) JSON
22 251 (21.04%) TDD
23 249 (20.87%) MongoDB
24 247 (20.70%) CSS
25 239 (20.03%) Spring
26 231 (19.36%) Scrum
27 224 (18.78%) Ruby
28 221 (18.52%) Apache

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 221 (18.52%) Apache
2 148 (12.41%) Tomcat
3 139 (11.65%) nginx
4 113 (9.47%) Confluence
5 104 (8.72%) WebSphere
6 90 (7.54%) IIS
7 73 (6.12%) JBoss
8 71 (5.95%) Elasticsearch
9 70 (5.87%) Jetty
10 65 (5.45%) Mongrel
10 65 (5.45%) WebLogic
11 42 (3.52%) Apache Spark
12 22 (1.84%) OpenStack
13 20 (1.68%) WebSphere Application Server
14 18 (1.51%) CMS
15 16 (1.34%) Drupal
16 15 (1.26%) Apache Qpid
16 15 (1.26%) Commerce Server
17 12 (1.01%) Apache Solr
17 12 (1.01%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 5 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
1 5 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.084%) HipChat
4 1 (0.084%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.084%) OmniGraffle
4 1 (0.084%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 7 (0.59%) Oracle BPM
2 5 (0.42%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 4 (0.34%) SAP ERP
3 4 (0.34%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.25%) Magento
5 2 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
5 2 (0.17%) Workday HCM
6 1 (0.084%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.084%) LongView
6 1 (0.084%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.084%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 309 (25.90%) Amazon AWS
2 115 (9.64%) Amazon EC2
3 105 (8.80%) Microsoft Azure
4 84 (7.04%) GitHub
5 72 (6.04%) Google Cloud Platform
6 62 (5.20%) Amazon S3
7 55 (4.61%) Google Analytics
8 54 (4.53%) Google App Engine
9 50 (4.19%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 48 (4.02%) Amazon ELB
10 48 (4.02%) Cloud Computing
11 46 (3.86%) Route 53
12 34 (2.85%) AWS CloudFormation
13 30 (2.51%) Amazon SQS
14 28 (2.35%) PaaS
15 27 (2.26%) Heroku
16 23 (1.93%) Apigee
16 23 (1.93%) IaaS
16 23 (1.93%) Serverless
17 22 (1.84%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 406 (34.03%) TCP/IP
2 358 (30.01%) SSL
3 286 (23.97%) DNS
4 174 (14.59%) FTP
5 145 (12.15%) DHCP
6 108 (9.05%) IPsec
7 100 (8.38%) Firewall
7 100 (8.38%) Internet
8 80 (6.71%) HTTPS
9 63 (5.28%) SMTP
10 60 (5.03%) VPN
11 36 (3.02%) Kerberos
11 36 (3.02%) SSH
12 32 (2.68%) VoIP
13 25 (2.10%) WAN
14 24 (2.01%) SNMP
15 23 (1.93%) MPLS
16 21 (1.76%) Intranet
16 21 (1.76%) Wireless
17 20 (1.68%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 249 (20.87%) MongoDB
2 207 (17.35%) Relational Database
3 147 (12.32%) MySQL
4 134 (11.23%) NoSQL
5 102 (8.55%) PostgreSQL
6 101 (8.47%) Apache Cassandra
7 96 (8.05%) SQL Server
8 56 (4.69%) Big Data
9 51 (4.27%) Neo4j
9 51 (4.27%) RDBMS
10 39 (3.27%) Hadoop
11 28 (2.35%) Redis
12 22 (1.84%) Amazon RDS
13 18 (1.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 14 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 13 (1.09%) DB2
15 13 (1.09%) HBase
16 12 (1.01%) Apache Hive
16 12 (1.01%) Oracle Database
17 11 (0.92%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 466 (39.06%) Jenkins
2 451 (37.80%) Git (software)
3 163 (13.66%) JUnit
4 160 (13.41%) Subversion
5 135 (11.32%) JIRA
6 123 (10.31%) Cucumber
7 117 (9.81%) Selenium
8 113 (9.47%) Maven
9 99 (8.30%) Travis CI
10 90 (7.54%) gulp
11 83 (6.96%) Ant
12 73 (6.12%) GitLab
13 72 (6.04%) Gatling
14 71 (5.95%) SonarQube
15 63 (5.28%) IntelliJ
16 60 (5.03%) Hudson
17 57 (4.78%) Gradle
18 55 (4.61%) Mockito
19 54 (4.53%) Karma Test Runner
20 53 (4.44%) Grunt
General
1 98 (8.21%) Finance
2 48 (4.02%) Banking
3 30 (2.51%) Retail
4 24 (2.01%) Telecoms
5 22 (1.84%) Marketing
6 15 (1.26%) Advertising
7 14 (1.17%) Manufacturing
8 13 (1.09%) Investment Banking
9 10 (0.84%) Electronics
9 10 (0.84%) Law
9 10 (0.84%) Legal
10 7 (0.59%) Publishing
11 5 (0.42%) Billing
11 5 (0.42%) Games
12 3 (0.25%) Aerospace
12 3 (0.25%) Spanish Language
13 2 (0.17%) Front Office
13 2 (0.17%) German Language
13 2 (0.17%) Italian Language
13 2 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 564 (47.28%) Developer
2 195 (16.35%) DevOps Engineer
3 167 (14.00%) Java Developer
4 99 (8.30%) Scala Developer
5 83 (6.96%) Agile Developer
6 75 (6.29%) Architect
7 65 (5.45%) Senior Developer
8 42 (3.52%) .NET Developer
9 36 (3.02%) Software Engineer
10 31 (2.60%) AWS DevOps
10 31 (2.60%) Tester
11 30 (2.51%) Analyst
11 30 (2.51%) Consultant
12 28 (2.35%) AWS Engineer
12 28 (2.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 26 (2.18%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 25 (2.10%) Administrator
14 25 (2.10%) Python Developer
15 24 (2.01%) Linux Engineer
15 24 (2.01%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 340 (28.50%) REST
2 312 (26.15%) HTML
3 263 (22.05%) JSON
4 247 (20.70%) CSS
5 239 (20.03%) Spring
6 174 (14.59%) RESTful
7 170 (14.25%) .NET
8 160 (13.41%) SOAP
8 160 (13.41%) XML
9 157 (13.16%) HTML5
10 142 (11.90%) AngularJS
11 141 (11.82%) Node.js
12 130 (10.90%) J2EE
13 127 (10.65%) Servlets
14 121 (10.14%) Play Framework
15 110 (9.22%) Guice
15 110 (9.22%) Ruby on Rails
15 110 (9.22%) Web Services
16 88 (7.38%) jQuery
17 84 (7.04%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 66 (5.53%) Analytical Skills
2 55 (4.61%) Self-Motivation
3 45 (3.77%) Data Centre
4 41 (3.44%) Mobile App
5 35 (2.93%) Linux Command Line
6 31 (2.60%) PKI
6 31 (2.60%) Public Cloud
7 24 (2.01%) User Experience
8 22 (1.84%) Clustering
8 22 (1.84%) Greenfield Project
9 21 (1.76%) Fintech
10 19 (1.59%) Data Structures
11 17 (1.42%) Algorithms
11 17 (1.42%) Cyberthreat
12 14 (1.17%) Wiki
13 13 (1.09%) Private Cloud
13 13 (1.09%) SCADA
14 11 (0.92%) Management Information System
15 9 (0.75%) Enterprise Software
16 8 (0.67%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 655 (54.90%) Linux
2 264 (22.13%) Unix
3 191 (16.01%) Windows
4 106 (8.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 79 (6.62%) CentOS
6 76 (6.37%) Ubuntu
7 61 (5.11%) Mac OS X
8 51 (4.27%) Windows Server
9 25 (2.10%) Apple iOS
10 22 (1.84%) Windows Server 2012
11 21 (1.76%) Android
12 20 (1.68%) Solaris
13 17 (1.42%) Debian
14 15 (1.26%) Kali Linux
15 13 (1.09%) Fedora
16 11 (0.92%) SUSE
16 11 (0.92%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 9 (0.75%) AIX
18 8 (0.67%) Windows Server 2008
19 6 (0.50%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 546 (45.77%) Agile Software Development
2 416 (34.87%) Continuous Integration
3 396 (33.19%) DevOps
4 376 (31.52%) Test Automation
5 332 (27.83%) Configuration Management
6 318 (26.66%) Open Source
7 286 (23.97%) Microservices
8 251 (21.04%) TDD
9 231 (19.36%) Scrum
10 211 (17.69%) Problem-Solving
11 153 (12.82%) OO
12 152 (12.74%) MVC
13 144 (12.07%) BDD
14 140 (11.74%) Responsive Web Design
15 130 (10.90%) Web Design
16 128 (10.73%) Software Engineering
17 113 (9.47%) Kanban
18 103 (8.63%) OWASP
19 99 (8.30%) Web Development
20 95 (7.96%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 608 (50.96%) Java
2 396 (33.19%) JavaScript
3 334 (28.00%) Python
4 224 (18.78%) Ruby
5 218 (18.27%) SQL
6 194 (16.26%) C#
7 175 (14.67%) Perl
8 136 (11.40%) Scala
9 118 (9.89%) Bash Shell
10 83 (6.96%) Groovy
11 65 (5.45%) Java 8
12 63 (5.28%) PowerShell
13 60 (5.03%) Shell Script
14 59 (4.95%) C
15 57 (4.78%) Haskell
16 43 (3.60%) ES6
17 40 (3.35%) PHP
18 39 (3.27%) C++
19 36 (3.02%) TypeScript
20 30 (2.51%) Go
Qualifications
1 99 (8.30%) Security Cleared
2 76 (6.37%) BPSS Clearance
3 74 (6.20%) SC Cleared
4 70 (5.87%) Degree
5 32 (2.68%) Computer Science Degree
6 20 (1.68%) Microsoft Certification
7 17 (1.42%) DV Cleared
8 14 (1.17%) Cisco Certification
9 13 (1.09%) CISSP
9 13 (1.09%) OSCE
9 13 (1.09%) SANS
10 10 (0.84%) CCNA
10 10 (0.84%) ISTQB
11 9 (0.75%) CCNP
11 9 (0.75%) CEH
12 8 (0.67%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 7 (0.59%) CREST Certified
13 7 (0.59%) MCSE
13 7 (0.59%) OSCP
14 6 (0.50%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (3.35%) QA
2 15 (1.26%) GDPR
3 12 (1.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 12 (1.01%) PCI DSS
4 11 (0.92%) WCAG
5 8 (0.67%) Disclosure Scotland
6 7 (0.59%) Data Quality
7 6 (0.50%) HIPAA
7 6 (0.50%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 4 (0.34%) PSD2
9 2 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
9 2 (0.17%) SLA
10 1 (0.084%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 1 (0.084%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.084%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 272 (22.80%) Docker
2 89 (7.46%) VMware Infrastructure
3 68 (5.70%) Active Directory
4 55 (4.61%) Xen
5 41 (3.44%) Virtual Machines
6 22 (1.84%) Hyper-V
7 17 (1.42%) VirtualBox
8 15 (1.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 11 (0.92%) Postfix
10 10 (0.84%) KVM
11 9 (0.75%) vSphere
12 8 (0.67%) HDFS
12 8 (0.67%) Virtual Servers
13 7 (0.59%) Squid
14 6 (0.50%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 5 (0.42%) Firmware
15 5 (0.42%) vCloud
15 5 (0.42%) VMware ESXi
16 4 (0.34%) LXC
17 3 (0.25%) BitLocker
Systems Management
1 297 (24.90%) Puppet
2 186 (15.59%) Ansible
3 163 (13.66%) Kubernetes
4 125 (10.48%) Terraform
5 114 (9.56%) Opscode Chef
6 102 (8.55%) Grafana
7 81 (6.79%) Kibana
8 54 (4.53%) Packer
9 45 (3.77%) Prometheus
10 43 (3.60%) Rancher
11 31 (2.60%) Docker Swarm
12 28 (2.35%) Salt
13 25 (2.10%) logstash
14 20 (1.68%) Nessus
14 20 (1.68%) Single Sign-On
15 18 (1.51%) Nmap
16 16 (1.34%) Nagios
17 12 (1.01%) Graylog
18 11 (0.92%) CFEngine
19 10 (0.84%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 192 (16.09%) Google
2 179 (15.00%) Microsoft
3 99 (8.30%) VMware
4 69 (5.78%) Oracle
5 57 (4.78%) Red Hat
6 50 (4.19%) Splunk
7 38 (3.19%) Black Duck
8 37 (3.10%) F5
9 35 (2.93%) Adobe
10 33 (2.77%) webMethods
11 31 (2.60%) Cisco
12 28 (2.35%) IBM
12 28 (2.35%) SAP
13 22 (1.84%) CA
14 21 (1.76%) AppDynamics
14 21 (1.76%) HP
15 20 (1.68%) New Relic
16 18 (1.51%) Atlassian
17 15 (1.26%) Salesforce.com
18 11 (0.92%) CheckPoint