Period
to 22 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 22 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK
6 months to
22 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 251 238 191
Rank change year-on-year -13 -47 -26
Contract jobs citing HTTP 1,017 1,147 1,296
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.06% 1.13% 1.41%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 8.45% 8.58% 9.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 697 818 872
UK median daily rate £513 £500 £473
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.82% +8.00%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £343
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +8.11% +2.78% +12.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 24 23
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £29.25 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +19.66% -31.98% +4.56%
10th Percentile £15.37 £15.75 £20.50
90th Percentile £77.70 £40.77 £56.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £43.50
% change year-on-year - -19.54% +5.78%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 12,040 13,373 13,141
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.61% 13.22% 14.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,421 8,265 7,991
UK median daily rate £425 £415 £405
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.41% +2.47% +1.25%
10th Percentile £202 £200 £209
90th Percentile £610 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £385 £380
% change year-on-year +6.49% +1.32% +1.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 563 739 731
UK median hourly rate £19.00 £19.49 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.49% -11.43% -12.00%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £49.50 £47.50 £51.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.41 £19.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year -8.37% -9.52% -16.00%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTTP as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing HTTP.

Contractor daily rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 22 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP.

Contractor hourly rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 22 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the UK over the 6 months to 22 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 959 £525 +5.00% 43
UK excluding London +9 522 £500 +8.11% 24
London -28 475 £550 +4.76% 19
North of England +79 200 £525 +16.67% 7
South East -39 120 £450 -2.96% 3
Yorkshire +42 104 £525 +13.51%
North West +39 75 £525 +16.67% 6
South West -7 63 £525 +23.53% 7
Midlands -3 49 £500 - 3
East of England -6 46 £475 -5.00% 4
West Midlands -21 33 £500 - 2
Scotland +4 24 £425 +3.03%
North East +7 22 £450 -26.02% 1
Wales +12 20 £476 +27.00%
East Midlands +30 13 £410 - 1

For the 6 months to 22 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTTP.

1 572 (56.24%) Linux
2 559 (54.97%) Java
3 463 (45.53%) Agile Software Development
4 390 (38.35%) Jenkins
5 367 (36.09%) Git (software)
6 364 (35.79%) Continuous Integration
7 360 (35.40%) TCP/IP
8 350 (34.41%) DevOps
9 341 (33.53%) Test Automation
10 340 (33.43%) Configuration Management
11 301 (29.60%) SSL
12 290 (28.52%) DNS
13 284 (27.93%) Python
14 281 (27.63%) Open Source
15 275 (27.04%) JavaScript
16 269 (26.45%) HTML
17 265 (26.06%) Amazon AWS
18 264 (25.96%) REST
19 263 (25.86%) Puppet
20 242 (23.80%) Relational Database
21 240 (23.60%) MongoDB
22 233 (22.91%) Microservices
23 225 (22.12%) TDD
24 224 (22.03%) FTP
25 211 (20.75%) Docker
26 210 (20.65%) Unix
27 193 (18.98%) Spring
28 188 (18.49%) SQL
29 175 (17.21%) Scrum
30 173 (17.01%) Ruby

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 157 (15.44%) Apache
2 115 (11.31%) Tomcat
3 103 (10.13%) nginx
4 100 (9.83%) Confluence
5 94 (9.24%) WebSphere
6 72 (7.08%) IIS
7 62 (6.10%) Jetty
8 56 (5.51%) Mongrel
8 56 (5.51%) WebLogic
9 39 (3.83%) Elasticsearch
9 39 (3.83%) JBoss
10 32 (3.15%) WebSphere Application Server
11 22 (2.16%) IBM HTTP Server
12 20 (1.97%) Apache Spark
13 17 (1.67%) Oracle HTTP Server
14 15 (1.47%) OpenStack
15 14 (1.38%) Apache Qpid
15 14 (1.38%) Drupal
16 12 (1.18%) WebSphere Portal
17 11 (1.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 7 (0.69%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.098%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.098%) HipChat
5 1 (0.098%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 15 (1.47%) SAP ERP
1 15 (1.47%) SAP Hybris
2 8 (0.79%) Oracle BPM
3 4 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.29%) Magento
5 2 (0.20%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.098%) Fredhopper
6 1 (0.098%) LongView
6 1 (0.098%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 265 (26.06%) Amazon AWS
2 118 (11.60%) Microsoft Azure
3 93 (9.14%) Amazon EC2
4 77 (7.57%) Google Cloud Platform
5 56 (5.51%) Google App Engine
6 44 (4.33%) GitHub
7 40 (3.93%) Amazon S3
8 34 (3.34%) Serverless
9 31 (3.05%) Cloud Computing
10 30 (2.95%) Route 53
10 30 (2.95%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 29 (2.85%) Amazon ELB
12 25 (2.46%) Google Analytics
13 23 (2.26%) AWS CloudFormation
14 22 (2.16%) Apigee
15 21 (2.06%) PaaS
16 20 (1.97%) Amazon SQS
16 20 (1.97%) Slack
17 14 (1.38%) Azure Functions
17 14 (1.38%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 360 (35.40%) TCP/IP
2 301 (29.60%) SSL
3 290 (28.52%) DNS
4 224 (22.03%) FTP
5 160 (15.73%) DHCP
6 135 (13.27%) IPsec
7 75 (7.37%) Internet
8 60 (5.90%) SMTP
9 55 (5.41%) Firewall
10 54 (5.31%) HTTPS
11 50 (4.92%) VPN
12 37 (3.64%) SSH
13 29 (2.85%) SNMP
14 23 (2.26%) Kerberos
15 22 (2.16%) VoIP
16 21 (2.06%) Wireless
17 18 (1.77%) WAN
18 17 (1.67%) LAN
19 15 (1.47%) OSPF
19 15 (1.47%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 242 (23.80%) Relational Database
2 240 (23.60%) MongoDB
3 132 (12.98%) MySQL
4 117 (11.50%) NoSQL
5 90 (8.85%) RDBMS
6 89 (8.75%) PostgreSQL
7 80 (7.87%) SQL Server
8 60 (5.90%) Apache Cassandra
9 54 (5.31%) Neo4j
10 33 (3.24%) Big Data
11 15 (1.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 14 (1.38%) Amazon RDS
13 13 (1.28%) Cosmos DB
14 12 (1.18%) Hadoop
15 11 (1.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 10 (0.98%) DB2
16 10 (0.98%) Oracle Database
17 9 (0.88%) Redis
18 8 (0.79%) Blockchain
19 5 (0.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 390 (38.35%) Jenkins
2 367 (36.09%) Git (software)
3 141 (13.86%) Subversion
4 127 (12.49%) JUnit
5 119 (11.70%) JIRA
6 112 (11.01%) Travis CI
7 101 (9.93%) Cucumber
8 94 (9.24%) Maven
9 66 (6.49%) Mockito
10 60 (5.90%) GitLab
11 58 (5.70%) Selenium
12 55 (5.41%) gulp
13 51 (5.01%) Gatling
13 51 (5.01%) SonarQube
14 42 (4.13%) Hudson
15 39 (3.83%) Eclipse
16 37 (3.64%) Gradle
17 36 (3.54%) IntelliJ
18 34 (3.34%) Bitbucket
19 32 (3.15%) Ant
General
1 75 (7.37%) Finance
2 53 (5.21%) Banking
3 22 (2.16%) Telecoms
4 21 (2.06%) Retail
5 20 (1.97%) Marketing
6 15 (1.47%) Investment Banking
6 15 (1.47%) Manufacturing
7 12 (1.18%) Electronics
8 10 (0.98%) Law
9 8 (0.79%) Games
10 6 (0.59%) Advertising
10 6 (0.59%) Legal
11 4 (0.39%) Back Office
11 4 (0.39%) Billing
12 3 (0.29%) Aerospace
12 3 (0.29%) Publishing
13 2 (0.20%) Financial Institution
13 2 (0.20%) German Language
13 2 (0.20%) Italian Language
13 2 (0.20%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 453 (44.54%) Developer
2 182 (17.90%) DevOps Engineer
3 154 (15.14%) Java Developer
4 80 (7.87%) Scala Developer
4 80 (7.87%) Senior Developer
5 61 (6.00%) Agile Developer
6 53 (5.21%) Architect
7 40 (3.93%) Tester
8 37 (3.64%) Consultant
9 34 (3.34%) Senior DevOps
10 32 (3.15%) .NET Developer
10 32 (3.15%) Senior Java Developer
11 29 (2.85%) AWS Engineer
12 28 (2.75%) Administrator
13 26 (2.56%) AWS DevOps
14 25 (2.46%) Analyst
14 25 (2.46%) JavaScript Developer
15 24 (2.36%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 19 (1.87%) Ruby Developer
16 19 (1.87%) Ruby on Rails Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 269 (26.45%) HTML
2 264 (25.96%) REST
3 193 (18.98%) Spring
4 172 (16.91%) JSON
5 166 (16.32%) CSS
6 158 (15.54%) RESTful
7 139 (13.67%) .NET
8 129 (12.68%) XML
9 113 (11.11%) HTML5
10 112 (11.01%) Web Services
11 107 (10.52%) J2EE
12 106 (10.42%) SOAP
13 100 (9.83%) Node.js
14 93 (9.14%) Guice
15 88 (8.65%) Play Framework
16 86 (8.46%) AngularJS
16 86 (8.46%) Servlets
17 82 (8.06%) Dropwizard
18 76 (7.47%) Ruby on Rails
19 70 (6.88%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 39 (3.83%) Analytical Skills
1 39 (3.83%) Data Centre
2 34 (3.34%) Public Cloud
3 30 (2.95%) Mobile App
4 25 (2.46%) PKI
5 24 (2.36%) Fintech
6 19 (1.87%) User Experience
7 17 (1.67%) Self-Motivation
8 14 (1.38%) Cyberthreat
8 14 (1.38%) Greenfield Project
8 14 (1.38%) Wiki
9 13 (1.28%) Algorithms
9 13 (1.28%) DataPower
9 13 (1.28%) Private Cloud
9 13 (1.28%) SCADA
10 12 (1.18%) W3C
11 10 (0.98%) Clustering
11 10 (0.98%) Data Structures
11 10 (0.98%) Management Information System
12 8 (0.79%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 572 (56.24%) Linux
2 210 (20.65%) Unix
3 132 (12.98%) Windows
4 80 (7.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 79 (7.77%) Mac OS X
6 56 (5.51%) Windows Server
7 47 (4.62%) CentOS
8 31 (3.05%) Ubuntu
9 25 (2.46%) AIX
10 23 (2.26%) Windows Server 2012
11 21 (2.06%) Apple iOS
12 19 (1.87%) Android
13 14 (1.38%) Kali Linux
13 14 (1.38%) Solaris
14 11 (1.08%) Windows 10
15 7 (0.69%) Windows Server 2008
16 4 (0.39%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 4 (0.39%) Windows 7
17 2 (0.20%) Debian
17 2 (0.20%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 463 (45.53%) Agile Software Development
2 364 (35.79%) Continuous Integration
3 350 (34.41%) DevOps
4 341 (33.53%) Test Automation
5 340 (33.43%) Configuration Management
6 281 (27.63%) Open Source
7 233 (22.91%) Microservices
8 225 (22.12%) TDD
9 175 (17.21%) Scrum
10 169 (16.62%) Problem-Solving
11 135 (13.27%) BDD
12 132 (12.98%) Responsive Web Design
13 126 (12.39%) Web Design
14 114 (11.21%) OO
15 103 (10.13%) Web Development
16 97 (9.54%) MVC
17 92 (9.05%) OOP
18 91 (8.95%) Continuous Deployment
19 88 (8.65%) OWASP
20 85 (8.36%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 559 (54.97%) Java
2 284 (27.93%) Python
3 275 (27.04%) JavaScript
4 188 (18.49%) SQL
5 173 (17.01%) Ruby
6 117 (11.50%) Bash Shell
7 112 (11.01%) C#
7 112 (11.01%) Scala
8 97 (9.54%) Perl
9 65 (6.39%) PowerShell
10 49 (4.82%) Shell Script
11 45 (4.42%) ES6
11 45 (4.42%) Java 8
12 44 (4.33%) Groovy
13 36 (3.54%) C
13 36 (3.54%) PHP
14 26 (2.56%) Haskell
14 26 (2.56%) TypeScript
15 23 (2.26%) C++
16 13 (1.28%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 81 (7.96%) Security Cleared
2 73 (7.18%) BPSS Clearance
3 55 (5.41%) SC Cleared
4 48 (4.72%) Degree
5 18 (1.77%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (1.38%) OSCE
7 13 (1.28%) Cisco Certification
8 11 (1.08%) ITIL Certification
8 11 (1.08%) SANS
9 8 (0.79%) CCNP
9 8 (0.79%) CREST Certified
9 8 (0.79%) DBS Check
9 8 (0.79%) DV Cleared
9 8 (0.79%) OSCP
10 7 (0.69%) CCNA
10 7 (0.69%) CISSP
10 7 (0.69%) Microsoft Certification
11 6 (0.59%) ISEB
12 5 (0.49%) AWS Certification
12 5 (0.49%) Tigerscheme
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (3.64%) QA
2 12 (1.18%) Disclosure Scotland
3 11 (1.08%) PCI DSS
4 8 (0.79%) GDPR
4 8 (0.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 7 (0.69%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 5 (0.49%) HIPAA
6 5 (0.49%) WCAG
7 3 (0.29%) PSD2
8 2 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials
8 2 (0.20%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.098%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 1 (0.098%) HL7
9 1 (0.098%) ISO 13485
9 1 (0.098%) SLA
9 1 (0.098%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 211 (20.75%) Docker
2 90 (8.85%) VMware Infrastructure
3 62 (6.10%) Active Directory
4 58 (5.70%) Virtual Machines
5 55 (5.41%) Xen
6 14 (1.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 10 (0.98%) VMware ESXi
8 9 (0.88%) vSphere
9 7 (0.69%) Hyper-V
10 6 (0.59%) Firmware
10 6 (0.59%) Shibboleth
11 4 (0.39%) KVM
12 3 (0.29%) BitLocker
12 3 (0.29%) Microsoft App-V
12 3 (0.29%) VirtualBox
12 3 (0.29%) VMware NSX
13 2 (0.20%) Apache Flume
13 2 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
13 2 (0.20%) Squid
14 1 (0.098%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 263 (25.86%) Puppet
2 135 (13.27%) Kubernetes
3 123 (12.09%) Terraform
4 118 (11.60%) Opscode Chef
5 110 (10.82%) Ansible
6 63 (6.19%) Grafana
7 37 (3.64%) Prometheus
8 35 (3.44%) Kibana
8 35 (3.44%) Packer
9 22 (2.16%) Docker Swarm
10 19 (1.87%) SCCM
11 18 (1.77%) Rancher
11 18 (1.77%) Salt
12 14 (1.38%) Nessus
13 13 (1.28%) Nmap
14 9 (0.88%) ZABBIX
15 8 (0.79%) vCenter Server
16 6 (0.59%) Control-M
16 6 (0.59%) logstash
17 5 (0.49%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 151 (14.85%) Google
2 129 (12.68%) Microsoft
3 100 (9.83%) VMware
4 72 (7.08%) Oracle
5 51 (5.01%) IBM
6 39 (3.83%) SAP
7 32 (3.15%) Cisco
7 32 (3.15%) F5
8 22 (2.16%) Adobe
9 21 (2.06%) Atlassian
9 21 (2.06%) webMethods
10 20 (1.97%) Black Duck
10 20 (1.97%) CA
11 19 (1.87%) Red Hat
12 17 (1.67%) Citrix
13 16 (1.57%) hybris
14 15 (1.47%) HP
15 12 (1.18%) SolarWinds
16 11 (1.08%) MuleSoft
17 9 (0.88%) ServiceNow