Period
to 31 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 31 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK
6 months to
31 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 263 322 245
Rank change year-on-year +59 -77 +2
Contract jobs citing HTTP 301 665 1,186
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.92% 0.79% 1.15%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 7.10% 5.90% 8.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 218 445 748
Median daily rate £525 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% -
10th Percentile £356 £351 £354
90th Percentile £638 £669 £636
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -10.53% +5.56% -5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 10 8
Median hourly rate £35.00 £48.75 £30.46
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -28.21% +60.03% -10.65%
10th Percentile £22.38 £39.65 £19.60
90th Percentile £40.00 £54.25 £38.15
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £21.50
% change year-on-year -5.88% +97.67% -34.85%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 4,237 11,266 13,626
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.97% 13.31% 13.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,434 6,791 8,206
Median daily rate £438 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £210 £200 £200
90th Percentile £620 £600 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 239 625 657
Median hourly rate £35.00 £28.42 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +23.15% +49.58% -
10th Percentile £14.45 £13.50 £12.20
90th Percentile £55.40 £53.75 £48.75
Median hourly rate £34.50 £23.50 £18.50
% change year-on-year +46.81% +27.03% -4.22%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTTP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Daily rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 31 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Hourly rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 31 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the UK over the 6 months to 31 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +55 258 £500 - 148
London +86 168 £548 +1.39% 59
UK excluding London +50 96 £425 -10.53% 95
Work from Home -48 74 £525 -4.55% 38
North of England +52 31 £429 -14.30% 15
North West +75 23 £446 -10.75% 7
East of England +80 20 £406 -1.52% 9
South East +74 19 £425 -10.53% 37
Scotland +39 10 £480 -8.57% 4
South West +90 9 £325 -25.71% 10
Wales +41 6 £410 +2.50% 3
Yorkshire +49 5 £350 -31.71% 4
North East +17 3 £394 -20.40% 4
Midlands +61 1 - - 18
West Midlands +50 1 - - 17

For the 6 months to 31 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTTP.

1 121 (40.20%) Linux
2 107 (35.55%) Java
3 104 (34.55%) Agile Software Development
4 88 (29.24%) Python
5 84 (27.91%) TCP/IP
6 83 (27.57%) Jenkins
6 83 (27.57%) DevOps
7 81 (26.91%) JSON
8 75 (24.92%) Web Services
8 75 (24.92%) REST
9 69 (22.92%) Git (software)
10 66 (21.93%) DNS
11 65 (21.59%) SSL
11 65 (21.59%) AWS
12 62 (20.60%) HTML
13 61 (20.27%) JavaScript
13 61 (20.27%) RESTful
14 59 (19.60%) SOAP
15 58 (19.27%) XML
16 57 (18.94%) Puppet
16 57 (18.94%) Kubernetes
17 53 (17.61%) Windows
18 51 (16.94%) Test Automation
18 51 (16.94%) Docker
19 50 (16.61%) Azure
20 49 (16.28%) Continuous Integration
20 49 (16.28%) Ansible
21 47 (15.61%) Configuration Management
22 46 (15.28%) Apache
23 45 (14.95%) Open Source

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (15.28%) Apache
2 35 (11.63%) Tomcat
3 28 (9.30%) WebSphere
4 25 (8.31%) JBoss
5 21 (6.98%) Red Hat Fuse
6 18 (5.98%) IIS
6 18 (5.98%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 16 (5.32%) Confluence
8 15 (4.98%) Oracle Service Bus
9 14 (4.65%) WebLogic
10 11 (3.65%) Mule
11 9 (2.99%) Apache Solr
11 9 (2.99%) WebSphere Application Server
12 8 (2.66%) Apache Spark
13 7 (2.33%) Apache ServiceMix
13 7 (2.33%) BizTalk Server
13 7 (2.33%) IBM HTTP Server
13 7 (2.33%) nginx
14 5 (1.66%) Anypoint
14 5 (1.66%) SharePoint
Applications
1 3 (1.00%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.33%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (1.99%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (1.33%) Magento
3 1 (0.33%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.33%) SAP Retail
3 1 (0.33%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.33%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 65 (21.59%) AWS
2 50 (16.61%) Azure
3 24 (7.97%) GCP
4 21 (6.98%) GitHub
5 19 (6.31%) Amazon EC2
6 14 (4.65%) SaaS
7 12 (3.99%) OpenShift
8 11 (3.65%) Apigee
9 10 (3.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 10 (3.32%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 9 (2.99%) AWS CloudFormation
10 9 (2.99%) AWS Lambda
10 9 (2.99%) Boomi
10 9 (2.99%) PaaS
10 9 (2.99%) Serverless
11 7 (2.33%) Coveralls
12 6 (1.99%) AWS CloudTrail
12 6 (1.99%) Google Analytics
13 5 (1.66%) Amazon S3
13 5 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 84 (27.91%) TCP/IP
2 66 (21.93%) DNS
3 65 (21.59%) SSL
4 38 (12.62%) DHCP
5 36 (11.96%) Firewall
6 34 (11.30%) HTTPS
7 24 (7.97%) FTP
8 20 (6.64%) SMTP
9 15 (4.98%) IPsec
10 12 (3.99%) SSH
11 11 (3.65%) Internet
11 11 (3.65%) IPv6
11 11 (3.65%) Wi-Fi
12 10 (3.32%) IPv4
12 10 (3.32%) SNMP
12 10 (3.32%) Wireshark
13 9 (2.99%) Intrusion Detection
14 8 (2.66%) Network Security
14 8 (2.66%) SAN
14 8 (2.66%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (12.29%) SQL Server
2 36 (11.96%) Relational Database
3 27 (8.97%) MySQL
4 25 (8.31%) MongoDB
5 16 (5.32%) NoSQL
6 13 (4.32%) PostgreSQL
7 10 (3.32%) RDBMS
7 10 (3.32%) SQL Server 2016
8 8 (2.66%) Neo4j
9 7 (2.33%) Apache Cassandra
9 7 (2.33%) Big Data
10 4 (1.33%) Couchbase
10 4 (1.33%) Data Warehouse
10 4 (1.33%) Flink
11 3 (1.00%) Amazon RDS
11 3 (1.00%) BusinessObjects
12 2 (0.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 2 (0.66%) Power BI
12 2 (0.66%) Redis
13 1 (0.33%) QGIS
Development Applications
1 83 (27.57%) Jenkins
2 69 (22.92%) Git (software)
3 40 (13.29%) JUnit
4 36 (11.96%) Maven
5 35 (11.63%) JIRA
6 28 (9.30%) Gradle
7 21 (6.98%) SonarQube
8 19 (6.31%) Cucumber
9 17 (5.65%) JMeter
10 14 (4.65%) Ant
11 11 (3.65%) Mockito
11 11 (3.65%) SoapUI
12 10 (3.32%) Selenium
13 9 (2.99%) Gatling
14 8 (2.66%) TeamCity
15 7 (2.33%) Bitbucket Server
16 6 (1.99%) Bitbucket
16 6 (1.99%) git-flow
16 6 (1.99%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
16 6 (1.99%) Subversion
General
1 38 (12.62%) Finance
2 35 (11.63%) Public Sector
3 21 (6.98%) Marketing
4 15 (4.98%) Manufacturing
4 15 (4.98%) Telecoms
5 14 (4.65%) Banking
6 13 (4.32%) Electronics
7 4 (1.33%) Advertising
7 4 (1.33%) Investment Banking
8 3 (1.00%) Games
8 3 (1.00%) Law
8 3 (1.00%) Legal
8 3 (1.00%) Retail
8 3 (1.00%) Retail Banking
9 2 (0.66%) Publishing
10 1 (0.33%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 105 (34.88%) Developer
2 46 (15.28%) Java Developer
3 38 (12.62%) DevOps Engineer
4 22 (7.31%) AWS Engineer
5 18 (5.98%) Architect
6 16 (5.32%) AWS DevOps
6 16 (5.32%) Consultant
7 15 (4.98%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 15 (4.98%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 15 (4.98%) Linux Engineer
8 13 (4.32%) Administrator
8 13 (4.32%) Cloud Engineer
8 13 (4.32%) Platform Engineer
9 12 (3.99%) Senior Developer
10 11 (3.65%) Integration Developer
11 10 (3.32%) Security Engineer
12 8 (2.66%) Analyst
12 8 (2.66%) Lead Developer
12 8 (2.66%) Lead Java Developer
13 7 (2.33%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (26.91%) JSON
2 75 (24.92%) REST
2 75 (24.92%) Web Services
3 62 (20.60%) HTML
4 61 (20.27%) RESTful
5 59 (19.60%) SOAP
6 58 (19.27%) XML
7 44 (14.62%) CSS
8 38 (12.62%) Middleware
9 36 (11.96%) Spring
10 26 (8.64%) .NET
11 25 (8.31%) AngularJS
12 23 (7.64%) Spring Boot
13 21 (6.98%) HTML5
14 19 (6.31%) J2EE
14 19 (6.31%) Node.js
15 18 (5.98%) Sass
16 16 (5.32%) LDAP
17 15 (4.98%) Oracle Fusion
18 14 (4.65%) IBM Integration Bus
Miscellaneous
1 22 (7.31%) Analytical Skills
2 17 (5.65%) Greenfield Project
3 12 (3.99%) Mobile App
4 11 (3.65%) Enterprise Software
5 10 (3.32%) Data Structures
5 10 (3.32%) Device Driver
6 9 (2.99%) Self-Motivation
7 8 (2.66%) Mobile Payment
8 7 (2.33%) Clustering
8 7 (2.33%) DataPower
9 6 (1.99%) Data Centre
9 6 (1.99%) Management Information System
9 6 (1.99%) Private Cloud
9 6 (1.99%) User Experience
10 5 (1.66%) Digital TV
10 5 (1.66%) STB
11 4 (1.33%) Grid Computing
11 4 (1.33%) MPEG
11 4 (1.33%) Social Media
11 4 (1.33%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 121 (40.20%) Linux
2 53 (17.61%) Windows
3 31 (10.30%) Unix
4 24 (7.97%) Windows Server
5 17 (5.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 13 (4.32%) Windows Server 2012
7 11 (3.65%) Mac OS X
7 11 (3.65%) Windows Server 2016
8 8 (2.66%) Ubuntu
9 6 (1.99%) CentOS
9 6 (1.99%) Debian
10 5 (1.66%) Android
10 5 (1.66%) Windows 10
11 4 (1.33%) Apple iOS
11 4 (1.33%) Windows 7
12 1 (0.33%) Embedded Linux
12 1 (0.33%) Solaris
12 1 (0.33%) SUSE
12 1 (0.33%) webOS
12 1 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 104 (34.55%) Agile Software Development
2 83 (27.57%) DevOps
3 51 (16.94%) Test Automation
4 49 (16.28%) Continuous Integration
5 47 (15.61%) Configuration Management
6 45 (14.95%) Microservices
6 45 (14.95%) Open Source
7 44 (14.62%) Problem-Solving
8 38 (12.62%) TDD
9 27 (8.97%) Scrum
10 26 (8.64%) Software Engineering
10 26 (8.64%) Web Development
11 25 (8.31%) Performance Tuning
11 25 (8.31%) SOA
12 23 (7.64%) Load Balancing
12 23 (7.64%) Migration
13 22 (7.31%) BDD
14 18 (5.98%) Business Intelligence
15 17 (5.65%) Continuous Delivery
15 17 (5.65%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 107 (35.55%) Java
2 88 (29.24%) Python
3 61 (20.27%) JavaScript
4 37 (12.29%) SQL
5 23 (7.64%) C
5 23 (7.64%) PowerShell
6 22 (7.31%) C#
7 21 (6.98%) Bash Shell
8 19 (6.31%) Java 8
9 15 (4.98%) Perl
10 11 (3.65%) Kotlin
10 11 (3.65%) Ruby
10 11 (3.65%) XPath
11 10 (3.32%) C++
11 10 (3.32%) Scala
12 9 (2.99%) Shell Script
13 7 (2.33%) PHP
14 6 (1.99%) Groovy
14 6 (1.99%) TypeScript
14 6 (1.99%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 39 (12.96%) Security Cleared
2 35 (11.63%) SC Cleared
3 11 (3.65%) Degree
4 7 (2.33%) Cisco Certification
5 6 (1.99%) CCNP
5 6 (1.99%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (1.66%) CCNA
7 4 (1.33%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (1.33%) GIAC
8 3 (1.00%) CEH
8 3 (1.00%) CISSP
8 3 (1.00%) DV Cleared
8 3 (1.00%) GCIA
8 3 (1.00%) GCIH
8 3 (1.00%) GSEC
9 2 (0.66%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.66%) ISEB
10 1 (0.33%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.33%) GCED
10 1 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (12.29%) QA
2 15 (4.98%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 11 (3.65%) GDPR
4 10 (3.32%) Cyber Essentials
4 10 (3.32%) HIPAA
5 6 (1.99%) SLA
5 6 (1.99%) WCAG
6 4 (1.33%) NIST
7 3 (1.00%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.33%) COBIT
8 1 (0.33%) HL7
8 1 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.33%) NIST 800
8 1 (0.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 51 (16.94%) Docker
2 24 (7.97%) VMware Infrastructure
3 12 (3.99%) Active Directory
4 4 (1.33%) Microsoft App-V
4 4 (1.33%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (1.00%) LXC
5 3 (1.00%) VMware ESXi
5 3 (1.00%) VMware NSX
5 3 (1.00%) vSphere
6 2 (0.66%) VMware Workstation
6 2 (0.66%) Xen
7 1 (0.33%) oVirt
7 1 (0.33%) Postfix
7 1 (0.33%) RHEV
7 1 (0.33%) Samba
7 1 (0.33%) Sendmail
7 1 (0.33%) Snort
7 1 (0.33%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.33%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 57 (18.94%) Kubernetes
1 57 (18.94%) Puppet
2 49 (16.28%) Ansible
3 36 (11.96%) Opscode Chef
4 25 (8.31%) Terraform
5 14 (4.65%) Salt
6 8 (2.66%) Grafana
7 7 (2.33%) Single Sign-On
8 6 (1.99%) Kibana
9 4 (1.33%) HP Quality Center
9 4 (1.33%) SCCM
9 4 (1.33%) WSUS
10 3 (1.00%) Forum Sentry
10 3 (1.00%) Nagios
10 3 (1.00%) Norton AntiVirus
10 3 (1.00%) SCOM
10 3 (1.00%) vRealize
11 2 (0.66%) HP Fortify
11 2 (0.66%) Prometheus
11 2 (0.66%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 35 (11.63%) Oracle
2 33 (10.96%) Red Hat
3 31 (10.30%) VMware
4 20 (6.64%) Microsoft
5 19 (6.31%) SAP
6 16 (5.32%) Splunk
7 15 (4.98%) Google
8 14 (4.65%) MuleSoft
9 12 (3.99%) WSO2
10 11 (3.65%) Dell
10 11 (3.65%) IBM
11 10 (3.32%) ArcSight
11 10 (3.32%) Infoblox
12 9 (2.99%) Atlassian
12 9 (2.99%) Cisco
12 9 (2.99%) Qualys
13 8 (2.66%) CheckPoint
13 8 (2.66%) TIBCO
14 7 (2.33%) Fiorano
14 7 (2.33%) webMethods