Period
to 20 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 20 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK
6 months to
20 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 293 238 191
Rank change year-on-year -55 -47 -17
Contract jobs citing HTTP 814 1,130 1,271
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.90% 1.13% 1.40%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 7.12% 8.50% 10.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 604 798 829
UK median daily rate £518 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.50% +5.26% +10.47%
10th Percentile £375 £354 £350
90th Percentile £638 £623 £594
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £465
% change year-on-year +11.11% -3.23% +16.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 20 27
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £24.50 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% -43.02% +14.67%
10th Percentile £15.37 £16.39 £17.87
90th Percentile £80.50 £35.58 £55.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £43.00
% change year-on-year - -18.60% +12.79%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 11,439 13,288 12,636
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.61% 13.31% 13.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,036 8,175 7,668
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £405
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.94% +1.25%
10th Percentile £201 £205 £206
90th Percentile £610 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £395 £385
% change year-on-year +4.43% +2.60% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 552 730 745
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £19.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.53% -5.00% -23.08%
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.50 £51.99
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.06 £19.00 £19.19
% change year-on-year -4.97% -0.99% -29.06%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTTP as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing HTTP.

Contractor daily rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP.

Contractor hourly rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the UK over the 6 months to 20 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -58 761 £525 +5.00% 50
UK excluding London -22 408 £500 +11.11% 21
London -71 388 £533 +1.43% 30
North of England +60 166 £525 +16.09% 7
South East -41 93 £450 +5.88% 3
Yorkshire +31 88 £525 +16.67% 1
North West +47 62 £525 +16.67% 4
Midlands +7 40 £500 +8.93% 1
South West -29 36 £500 +21.95% 5
East of England -45 34 £500 +2.56% 4
West Midlands -11 23 £525 +10.53%
Wales +6 19 £478 +23.58% 1
Scotland +5 19 £438 +2.94%
East Midlands +30 17 £400 +3.23% 1
North East +22 16 £475 -5.00% 2
Channel Islands - 1 £525 -

For the 6 months to 20 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTTP.

1 441 (54.18%) Java
2 426 (52.33%) Linux
3 377 (46.31%) Agile Software Development
4 298 (36.61%) DevOps
5 295 (36.24%) Jenkins
6 292 (35.87%) Continuous Integration
7 288 (35.38%) Git (software)
8 278 (34.15%) Test Automation
9 273 (33.54%) TCP/IP
10 255 (31.33%) Configuration Management
11 225 (27.64%) JavaScript
12 216 (26.54%) Amazon AWS
13 211 (25.92%) REST
14 209 (25.68%) DNS
14 209 (25.68%) SSL
15 207 (25.43%) Puppet
16 205 (25.18%) Microservices
16 205 (25.18%) Python
17 203 (24.94%) HTML
18 192 (23.59%) Relational Database
18 192 (23.59%) MongoDB
19 190 (23.34%) Open Source
20 184 (22.60%) Docker
21 182 (22.36%) TDD
22 169 (20.76%) FTP
23 162 (19.90%) SQL
24 157 (19.29%) Unix
25 143 (17.57%) Spring
26 141 (17.32%) Kubernetes
27 133 (16.34%) Scrum

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 115 (14.13%) Apache
2 77 (9.46%) Tomcat
3 71 (8.72%) WebSphere
4 67 (8.23%) Confluence
5 65 (7.99%) nginx
6 46 (5.65%) IIS
7 42 (5.16%) Jetty
8 36 (4.42%) WebLogic
9 34 (4.18%) Elasticsearch
10 32 (3.93%) Mongrel
11 29 (3.56%) WebSphere Application Server
12 24 (2.95%) IBM HTTP Server
13 19 (2.33%) JBoss
14 15 (1.84%) Apache Spark
15 14 (1.72%) WebSphere Portal
16 13 (1.60%) Oracle HTTP Server
17 10 (1.23%) SharePoint
18 8 (0.98%) Cloud Foundry
18 8 (0.98%) Oracle Coherence
19 7 (0.86%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 9 (1.11%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.61%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.25%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 13 (1.60%) SAP ERP
1 13 (1.60%) SAP Hybris
2 7 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.74%) Magento
4 4 (0.49%) BusinessWorks
4 4 (0.49%) Oracle BPM
5 3 (0.37%) SAP S/4HANA
6 2 (0.25%) Fredhopper
7 1 (0.12%) LongView
7 1 (0.12%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 216 (26.54%) Amazon AWS
2 104 (12.78%) Microsoft Azure
3 71 (8.72%) Amazon EC2
4 67 (8.23%) Google Cloud Platform
5 41 (5.04%) Amazon S3
6 38 (4.67%) Serverless
7 33 (4.05%) Google App Engine
8 31 (3.81%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 29 (3.56%) Amazon ELB
9 29 (3.56%) Route 53
10 25 (3.07%) Amazon SQS
11 22 (2.70%) GitHub
12 20 (2.46%) PaaS
13 19 (2.33%) Cloud Computing
14 17 (2.09%) Amazon ECS
14 17 (2.09%) AWS CloudFormation
15 15 (1.84%) Slack
16 14 (1.72%) Amazon EKS
17 13 (1.60%) Azure Functions
17 13 (1.60%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 273 (33.54%) TCP/IP
2 209 (25.68%) DNS
2 209 (25.68%) SSL
3 169 (20.76%) FTP
4 116 (14.25%) DHCP
5 95 (11.67%) IPsec
6 52 (6.39%) Internet
7 51 (6.27%) SMTP
8 42 (5.16%) HTTPS
9 35 (4.30%) Firewall
10 26 (3.19%) VPN
11 23 (2.83%) SSH
12 14 (1.72%) SNMP
13 13 (1.60%) OSPF
14 12 (1.47%) WAN
15 11 (1.35%) LAN
16 10 (1.23%) BGP
16 10 (1.23%) Kerberos
16 10 (1.23%) VLAN
16 10 (1.23%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 192 (23.59%) MongoDB
1 192 (23.59%) Relational Database
2 118 (14.50%) MySQL
3 110 (13.51%) NoSQL
4 81 (9.95%) RDBMS
5 72 (8.85%) PostgreSQL
6 67 (8.23%) SQL Server
7 45 (5.53%) Apache Cassandra
8 43 (5.28%) Neo4j
9 26 (3.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 24 (2.95%) Big Data
11 16 (1.97%) Amazon RDS
12 14 (1.72%) Cosmos DB
13 10 (1.23%) DB2
14 8 (0.98%) Blockchain
15 6 (0.74%) SQL Server 2012
15 6 (0.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 5 (0.61%) Hadoop
16 5 (0.61%) Power BI
17 4 (0.49%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 295 (36.24%) Jenkins
2 288 (35.38%) Git (software)
3 96 (11.79%) Subversion
4 88 (10.81%) JIRA
5 87 (10.69%) JUnit
6 78 (9.58%) Cucumber
6 78 (9.58%) Travis CI
7 77 (9.46%) Maven
8 52 (6.39%) Mockito
9 48 (5.90%) Selenium
10 46 (5.65%) GitLab
11 39 (4.79%) Bitbucket
11 39 (4.79%) Gatling
12 36 (4.42%) SonarQube
13 34 (4.18%) gulp
14 33 (4.05%) Gradle
15 28 (3.44%) IntelliJ
16 25 (3.07%) Eclipse
17 24 (2.95%) Hudson
18 23 (2.83%) Ant
General
1 78 (9.58%) Finance
2 57 (7.00%) Banking
3 27 (3.32%) Retail
4 13 (1.60%) Marketing
4 13 (1.60%) Telecoms
5 12 (1.47%) Investment Banking
6 9 (1.11%) Electronics
6 9 (1.11%) Games
6 9 (1.11%) Manufacturing
7 6 (0.74%) Advertising
7 6 (0.74%) Law
8 5 (0.61%) Financial Institution
9 4 (0.49%) Aerospace
9 4 (0.49%) Back Office
9 4 (0.49%) Legal
10 3 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.25%) Publishing
12 1 (0.12%) Automotive
12 1 (0.12%) Front Office
12 1 (0.12%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 342 (42.01%) Developer
2 149 (18.30%) DevOps Engineer
3 138 (16.95%) Java Developer
4 69 (8.48%) Senior Developer
5 56 (6.88%) Scala Developer
6 44 (5.41%) Architect
7 41 (5.04%) Agile Developer
8 36 (4.42%) AWS Engineer
9 30 (3.69%) JavaScript Developer
9 30 (3.69%) Senior DevOps
10 29 (3.56%) AWS DevOps
10 29 (3.56%) Consultant
11 26 (3.19%) Administrator
11 26 (3.19%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 26 (3.19%) Senior Java Developer
12 25 (3.07%) Analyst
13 21 (2.58%) Tester
14 17 (2.09%) Agile Java Developer
14 17 (2.09%) Linux Engineer
14 17 (2.09%) Operations Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 211 (25.92%) REST
2 203 (24.94%) HTML
3 143 (17.57%) Spring
4 128 (15.72%) JSON
5 120 (14.74%) CSS
5 120 (14.74%) XML
6 116 (14.25%) Web Services
7 111 (13.64%) RESTful
8 101 (12.41%) .NET
9 88 (10.81%) SOAP
10 76 (9.34%) J2EE
11 74 (9.09%) Node.js
12 73 (8.97%) HTML5
13 67 (8.23%) Dropwizard
14 64 (7.86%) Guice
15 57 (7.00%) AngularJS
16 52 (6.39%) Hibernate
17 51 (6.27%) Play Framework
18 49 (6.02%) JAX-RS
19 48 (5.90%) Servlets
Miscellaneous
1 39 (4.79%) Analytical Skills
2 23 (2.83%) Public Cloud
3 17 (2.09%) Data Centre
3 17 (2.09%) PKI
3 17 (2.09%) User Experience
4 15 (1.84%) DataPower
4 15 (1.84%) Greenfield Project
5 13 (1.60%) Enterprise Software
6 10 (1.23%) Mobile App
6 10 (1.23%) Private Cloud
7 9 (1.11%) Algorithms
7 9 (1.11%) Management Information System
7 9 (1.11%) W3C
8 8 (0.98%) Cloud Native
9 7 (0.86%) Data Structures
9 7 (0.86%) Linux Command Line
9 7 (0.86%) Self-Motivation
10 6 (0.74%) Clustering
10 6 (0.74%) N-Tier
10 6 (0.74%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 426 (52.33%) Linux
2 157 (19.29%) Unix
3 110 (13.51%) Windows
4 61 (7.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 60 (7.37%) Mac OS X
6 45 (5.53%) Windows Server
7 38 (4.67%) CentOS
8 26 (3.19%) AIX
9 19 (2.33%) Ubuntu
10 18 (2.21%) Windows Server 2012
11 17 (2.09%) Windows 10
12 15 (1.84%) Solaris
13 12 (1.47%) Android
14 10 (1.23%) Apple iOS
15 9 (1.11%) Windows 7
16 6 (0.74%) Windows 8
17 5 (0.61%) Windows Server 2008
18 4 (0.49%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
19 2 (0.25%) Embedded Linux
19 2 (0.25%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 377 (46.31%) Agile Software Development
2 298 (36.61%) DevOps
3 292 (35.87%) Continuous Integration
4 278 (34.15%) Test Automation
5 255 (31.33%) Configuration Management
6 205 (25.18%) Microservices
7 190 (23.34%) Open Source
8 182 (22.36%) TDD
9 133 (16.34%) Scrum
10 116 (14.25%) Problem-Solving
11 115 (14.13%) BDD
12 94 (11.55%) OO
13 82 (10.07%) OOP
14 80 (9.83%) Responsive Web Design
14 80 (9.83%) Web Design
15 69 (8.48%) Web Development
16 68 (8.35%) Software Engineering
17 67 (8.23%) Continuous Deployment
18 60 (7.37%) Pair Programming
19 59 (7.25%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 441 (54.18%) Java
2 225 (27.64%) JavaScript
3 205 (25.18%) Python
4 162 (19.90%) SQL
5 108 (13.27%) Ruby
6 84 (10.32%) Bash Shell
7 79 (9.71%) Scala
8 77 (9.46%) C#
9 60 (7.37%) PowerShell
10 59 (7.25%) Perl
11 49 (6.02%) Shell Script
12 41 (5.04%) ES6
12 41 (5.04%) Groovy
13 36 (4.42%) Java 8
13 36 (4.42%) PHP
14 26 (3.19%) TypeScript
15 20 (2.46%) C
16 16 (1.97%) C++
17 14 (1.72%) Haskell
18 11 (1.35%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 58 (7.13%) Security Cleared
2 46 (5.65%) BPSS Clearance
3 35 (4.30%) SC Cleared
4 21 (2.58%) Degree
5 15 (1.84%) Cisco Certification
6 11 (1.35%) ITIL Certification
6 11 (1.35%) Microsoft Certification
7 10 (1.23%) CCNA
7 10 (1.23%) CISSP
7 10 (1.23%) Computer Science Degree
8 7 (0.86%) CCNP
8 7 (0.86%) DBS Check
8 7 (0.86%) MCSA
9 6 (0.74%) A+ Certification
9 6 (0.74%) CCIE
9 6 (0.74%) CISM
9 6 (0.74%) MCDST
10 5 (0.61%) ISTQB
11 4 (0.49%) GCIA
11 4 (0.49%) GCIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (4.79%) QA
2 7 (0.86%) Disclosure Scotland
3 6 (0.74%) NCSC
4 5 (0.61%) GDPR
4 5 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.61%) NIST
5 4 (0.49%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.25%) PSD2
6 2 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 1 (0.12%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.12%) HL7
7 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27005
7 1 (0.12%) SLA
System Software
1 184 (22.60%) Docker
2 63 (7.74%) VMware Infrastructure
3 52 (6.39%) Virtual Machines
4 50 (6.14%) Active Directory
5 32 (3.93%) Xen
6 11 (1.35%) VMware ESXi
7 9 (1.11%) vSphere
8 5 (0.61%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.61%) Shibboleth
9 4 (0.49%) Firmware
10 3 (0.37%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.37%) BitLocker
10 3 (0.37%) KVM
10 3 (0.37%) Microsoft App-V
11 2 (0.25%) ISA Server
11 2 (0.25%) NDS
11 2 (0.25%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 2 (0.25%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.25%) VMware Workstation
12 1 (0.12%) Snort
Systems Management
1 207 (25.43%) Puppet
2 141 (17.32%) Kubernetes
3 109 (13.39%) Opscode Chef
3 109 (13.39%) Terraform
4 96 (11.79%) Ansible
5 41 (5.04%) Grafana
6 30 (3.69%) Prometheus
7 28 (3.44%) Packer
8 21 (2.58%) Kibana
9 20 (2.46%) SCCM
10 17 (2.09%) Docker Swarm
10 17 (2.09%) Rancher
11 16 (1.97%) Salt
12 10 (1.23%) vCenter Server
13 8 (0.98%) Control-M
14 7 (0.86%) Nagios
14 7 (0.86%) Perfmon
15 6 (0.74%) WMI
15 6 (0.74%) ZABBIX
16 5 (0.61%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 90 (11.06%) Google
2 77 (9.46%) Microsoft
3 70 (8.60%) VMware
4 60 (7.37%) Oracle
5 52 (6.39%) IBM
6 31 (3.81%) SAP
7 22 (2.70%) F5
8 21 (2.58%) Red Hat
9 19 (2.33%) Atlassian
10 18 (2.21%) Cisco
11 16 (1.97%) Adobe
11 16 (1.97%) Citrix
12 14 (1.72%) Black Duck
12 14 (1.72%) hybris
13 13 (1.60%) CA
14 12 (1.47%) SolarWinds
14 12 (1.47%) webMethods
15 10 (1.23%) New Relic
16 9 (1.11%) MuleSoft
17 8 (0.98%) AppDynamics