Period
to 19 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 19 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK
6 months to
19 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 335 294 272
Rank change year-on-year -41 -22 -32
Contract jobs citing HTTP 693 335 676
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.79% 0.82% 0.94%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 7.24% 6.52% 6.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 496 202 437
10th Percentile £403 £334 £345
25th Percentile £463 £420 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £638 £575 £600
90th Percentile £725 £638 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £468 £444 £475
% change year-on-year +5.46% -6.58% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 13 12
10th Percentile £39.96 £22.00 £40.10
25th Percentile £41.32 £32.48 £41.20
Median hourly rate £45.50 £40.00 £48.75
Median % change year-on-year +13.75% -17.95% +77.76%
75th Percentile £57.50 £57.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £66.90 £65.70 £51.58
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.27 £50.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +4.54% +17.65% +97.67%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 9,574 5,139 9,932
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.92% 12.51% 13.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,303 3,262 6,141
10th Percentile £208 £200 £181
25th Percentile £363 £321 £308
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £438 £410
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% +6.71% -3.53%
75th Percentile £600 £538 £515
90th Percentile £698 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 349 262 563
10th Percentile £12.50 £13.12 £13.38
25th Percentile £15.50 £16.23 £16.25
Median hourly rate £22.00 £32.50 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -32.31% +44.44% +25.00%
75th Percentile £48.74 £47.50 £46.54
90th Percentile £63.75 £58.75 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £30.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -33.33% +50.00% +14.88%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTTP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Daily rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 19 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Hourly rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 19 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the UK over the 6 months to 19 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -59 488 £550 +10.00% 148
London -64 318 £575 +15.00% 72
Work from Home -23 272 £545 +3.81% 39
UK excluding London -92 157 £468 +5.46% 80
South East -59 42 £495 +16.41% 17
North of England -38 41 £470 +10.59% 26
North West -29 29 £500 +11.11% 18
Scotland -49 19 £518 +11.89% 4
Midlands -52 17 £405 -26.36% 12
East of England -48 15 £500 +11.11% 9
South West -47 14 £450 -10.00% 10
West Midlands -43 12 £405 +15.71% 6
Yorkshire -39 11 £425 +78.95% 7
Wales -22 9 £463 +12.80% 1
East Midlands - 5 £363 - 5
Isle of Man - 2 - -
North East -4 1 £500 +26.90% 1

For the 6 months to 19 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTTP.

1 257 (37.09%) Java
2 252 (36.36%) Linux
3 250 (36.08%) REST
4 237 (34.20%) AWS
5 235 (33.91%) Agile Software Development
6 219 (31.60%) SQL
6 219 (31.60%) DevOps
7 186 (26.84%) JavaScript
8 170 (24.53%) Python
9 167 (24.10%) Microservices
10 154 (22.22%) Git (software)
11 151 (21.79%) Docker
12 150 (21.65%) Test Automation
13 149 (21.50%) Azure
14 137 (19.77%) Jenkins
14 137 (19.77%) JSON
15 130 (18.76%) CI/CD
16 128 (18.47%) Windows
17 126 (18.18%) SOAP
18 124 (17.89%) Social Skills
19 119 (17.17%) TCP/IP
20 114 (16.45%) Finance
21 108 (15.58%) RESTful
21 108 (15.58%) Kubernetes
22 104 (15.01%) Unix
23 102 (14.72%) Software Engineering
24 101 (14.57%) TDD
25 99 (14.29%) DNS
26 97 (14.00%) HTML
27 91 (13.13%) Kafka

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (6.20%) Apache
2 35 (5.05%) Apache Spark
3 34 (4.91%) Tomcat
4 30 (4.33%) Confluence
5 23 (3.32%) WebSphere
6 21 (3.03%) IIS
7 18 (2.60%) Elasticsearch
8 17 (2.45%) MS Exchange
9 15 (2.16%) IBM HTTP Server
9 15 (2.16%) nginx
9 15 (2.16%) WebSphere Application Server
10 11 (1.59%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 8 (1.15%) Headless CMS
12 6 (0.87%) CMS
13 5 (0.72%) Drupal
14 4 (0.58%) JBoss
14 4 (0.58%) SharePoint
14 4 (0.58%) WebLogic
15 3 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
15 3 (0.43%) OpenStack
Applications
1 22 (3.17%) Microsoft Office
2 16 (2.31%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.29%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.14%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 10 (1.44%) BusinessWorks
2 7 (1.01%) Sentinel
3 4 (0.58%) Magento
4 2 (0.29%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.29%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.29%) SAP HR
5 1 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.14%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 237 (34.20%) AWS
2 149 (21.50%) Azure
3 51 (7.36%) Serverless
4 49 (7.07%) GCP
5 46 (6.64%) AWS CloudFormation
6 36 (5.19%) SaaS
7 28 (4.04%) GitHub
8 26 (3.75%) IaaS
9 25 (3.61%) AWS Lambda
10 21 (3.03%) Microsoft 365
11 20 (2.89%) PaaS
12 19 (2.74%) Cloud Computing
13 18 (2.60%) Amazon EC2
13 18 (2.60%) Amazon S3
14 15 (2.16%) npm
15 14 (2.02%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 10 (1.44%) Apigee
17 9 (1.30%) Amazon ELB
17 9 (1.30%) OpenShift
18 8 (1.15%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 119 (17.17%) TCP/IP
2 99 (14.29%) DNS
3 74 (10.68%) Firewall
4 65 (9.38%) HTTPS
5 47 (6.78%) FTP
6 46 (6.64%) SSL
7 37 (5.34%) Internet
8 35 (5.05%) WAN
9 34 (4.91%) DHCP
10 32 (4.62%) Network Security
11 29 (4.18%) SAN
12 26 (3.75%) LAN
13 22 (3.17%) SMTP
14 19 (2.74%) IPsec
15 16 (2.31%) SNMP
16 15 (2.16%) SSH
16 15 (2.16%) VPN
17 13 (1.88%) NAS
18 11 (1.59%) Kerberos
19 10 (1.44%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 84 (12.12%) NoSQL
1 84 (12.12%) PostgreSQL
2 76 (10.97%) Relational Database
3 71 (10.25%) SQL Server
4 54 (7.79%) MongoDB
5 50 (7.22%) MySQL
6 35 (5.05%) Apache Cassandra
7 34 (4.91%) Data Warehouse
8 29 (4.18%) Redis
9 22 (3.17%) Hadoop
10 14 (2.02%) Amazon RDS
10 14 (2.02%) RDBMS
11 11 (1.59%) Big Data
12 9 (1.30%) Amazon Redshift
12 9 (1.30%) Oracle Database
13 7 (1.01%) InfluxDB
13 7 (1.01%) Riak
14 6 (0.87%) Flink
14 6 (0.87%) Oracle Reports
15 5 (0.72%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 154 (22.22%) Git (software)
2 137 (19.77%) Jenkins
3 78 (11.26%) JIRA
4 44 (6.35%) JUnit
5 37 (5.34%) Maven
6 36 (5.19%) Gradle
6 36 (5.19%) Selenium
7 35 (5.05%) JMeter
8 25 (3.61%) Postman
9 24 (3.46%) Cucumber
10 21 (3.03%) Mockito
11 18 (2.60%) GitLab
11 18 (2.60%) SoapUI
11 18 (2.60%) WebDriver
12 17 (2.45%) Subversion
13 16 (2.31%) Bitbucket
14 14 (2.02%) CircleCI
15 13 (1.88%) SpecFlow
16 12 (1.73%) Eclipse
17 11 (1.59%) SonarQube
General
1 124 (17.89%) Social Skills
2 114 (16.45%) Finance
3 81 (11.69%) Public Sector
4 51 (7.36%) Analytical Skills
5 41 (5.92%) Marketing
6 29 (4.18%) Banking
6 29 (4.18%) Telecoms
7 27 (3.90%) Publishing
8 21 (3.03%) Manufacturing
9 20 (2.89%) Electronics
10 18 (2.60%) Retail
11 15 (2.16%) Investment Banking
12 13 (1.88%) Influencing Skills
13 12 (1.73%) Front Office
14 11 (1.59%) Documentation Skills
15 8 (1.15%) Automotive
15 8 (1.15%) Retail Banking
16 7 (1.01%) Legal
16 7 (1.01%) Organisational Skills
17 6 (0.87%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 296 (42.71%) Developer
2 72 (10.39%) Architect
3 64 (9.24%) Java Developer
4 52 (7.50%) Senior Developer
5 44 (6.35%) Python Developer
6 41 (5.92%) Scala Developer
7 37 (5.34%) Software Engineer
8 36 (5.19%) DevOps Engineer
9 27 (3.90%) Java Engineer
10 25 (3.61%) Tester
11 22 (3.17%) Senior Scala Developer
12 21 (3.03%) Analyst
12 21 (3.03%) Senior Java Engineer
13 20 (2.89%) Java Software Engineer
13 20 (2.89%) Security Engineer
13 20 (2.89%) Senior Software Engineer
14 19 (2.74%) Senior Java Software Engineer
14 19 (2.74%) Support Engineer
15 18 (2.60%) Network Engineer
15 18 (2.60%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 250 (36.08%) REST
2 137 (19.77%) JSON
3 126 (18.18%) SOAP
4 108 (15.58%) RESTful
5 97 (14.00%) HTML
6 91 (13.13%) Kafka
7 90 (12.99%) Web Services
8 88 (12.70%) React
9 84 (12.12%) CSS
10 75 (10.82%) XML
11 63 (9.09%) Spring Boot
12 62 (8.95%) Spring
13 53 (7.65%) Node.js
14 50 (7.22%) AngularJS
15 44 (6.35%) Akka
16 43 (6.20%) .NET
17 29 (4.18%) OAuth
18 28 (4.04%) Middleware
18 28 (4.04%) NumPy
18 28 (4.04%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 39 (5.63%) Client/Server
2 22 (3.17%) Clustering
2 22 (3.17%) Management Information System
3 19 (2.74%) User Experience
4 18 (2.60%) Derivative
5 17 (2.45%) Greenfield Project
5 17 (2.45%) Public Cloud
6 16 (2.31%) Self-Motivation
7 14 (2.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 14 (2.02%) PKI
8 13 (1.88%) Legacy Systems
8 13 (1.88%) Mobile App
8 13 (1.88%) Private Cloud
9 12 (1.73%) Data Centre
9 12 (1.73%) W3C
10 11 (1.59%) Cloud Native
11 8 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
12 6 (0.87%) NHS
12 6 (0.87%) Replication
12 6 (0.87%) RSA SecurID
Operating Systems
1 252 (36.36%) Linux
2 128 (18.47%) Windows
3 104 (15.01%) Unix
4 36 (5.19%) Windows Server
5 24 (3.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 22 (3.17%) Android
7 20 (2.89%) Ubuntu
8 18 (2.60%) Windows Server 2016
9 17 (2.45%) Windows 10
10 15 (2.16%) Solaris
10 15 (2.16%) Windows Server 2019
11 14 (2.02%) Apple iOS
12 13 (1.88%) Mac OS X
13 10 (1.44%) Windows Server 2008
14 6 (0.87%) CentOS
14 6 (0.87%) Mac OS
15 4 (0.58%) AIX
15 4 (0.58%) Windows 2000
16 3 (0.43%) FreeBSD
16 3 (0.43%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 235 (33.91%) Agile Software Development
2 219 (31.60%) DevOps
3 167 (24.10%) Microservices
4 150 (21.65%) Test Automation
5 130 (18.76%) CI/CD
6 102 (14.72%) Software Engineering
7 101 (14.57%) TDD
8 77 (11.11%) Continuous Integration
9 71 (10.25%) Scrum
10 64 (9.24%) API Design
11 63 (9.09%) Configuration Management
11 63 (9.09%) Problem-Solving
12 62 (8.95%) BDD
13 52 (7.50%) Pair Programming
14 46 (6.64%) MVC
15 45 (6.49%) Full Stack Development
16 44 (6.35%) Unit Testing
17 41 (5.92%) Test Strategy
18 39 (5.63%) E-Commerce
18 39 (5.63%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 257 (37.09%) Java
2 219 (31.60%) SQL
3 186 (26.84%) JavaScript
4 170 (24.53%) Python
5 82 (11.83%) Bash
6 64 (9.24%) Scala
7 58 (8.37%) C#
8 57 (8.23%) PowerShell
9 46 (6.64%) Java 8
10 43 (6.20%) TypeScript
11 30 (4.33%) Kotlin
12 29 (4.18%) Perl
13 28 (4.04%) ES6
13 28 (4.04%) Java 11
14 24 (3.46%) Ruby
15 19 (2.74%) Groovy
15 19 (2.74%) Shell Script
16 17 (2.45%) PHP
17 14 (2.02%) Go
18 11 (1.59%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 40 (5.77%) Security Cleared
2 35 (5.05%) SC Cleared
3 27 (3.90%) Degree
4 20 (2.89%) Cisco Certification
5 18 (2.60%) CCNA
5 18 (2.60%) CCNP
5 18 (2.60%) CISSP
6 13 (1.88%) CEH
7 12 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
7 12 (1.73%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 9 (1.30%) CCIE
8 9 (1.30%) GIAC
8 9 (1.30%) JNCIP
9 8 (1.15%) DV Cleared
9 8 (1.15%) ISTQB
10 6 (0.87%) CCDA
10 6 (0.87%) CISM
10 6 (0.87%) CRISC
10 6 (0.87%) JNCIA
10 6 (0.87%) JNCIS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (6.35%) QA
2 19 (2.74%) Accessibility
3 12 (1.73%) GDPR
3 12 (1.73%) NIST
4 9 (1.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (1.15%) HL7
6 5 (0.72%) Actionable Recommendations
7 2 (0.29%) SLA
8 1 (0.14%) COBIT
8 1 (0.14%) DICOM
8 1 (0.14%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.14%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.14%) WCAG
8 1 (0.14%) Web Application Security Consortium
System Software
1 151 (21.79%) Docker
2 34 (4.91%) Active Directory
3 26 (3.75%) NFS
4 20 (2.89%) VMware Infrastructure
5 10 (1.44%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.87%) Hyper-V
6 6 (0.87%) IAG
7 5 (0.72%) LXC
7 5 (0.72%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.58%) Virtual Servers
9 3 (0.43%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
9 3 (0.43%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 2 (0.29%) HDFS
10 2 (0.29%) KVM
10 2 (0.29%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.29%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.14%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.14%) Varnish
11 1 (0.14%) vSphere
11 1 (0.14%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 108 (15.58%) Kubernetes
2 68 (9.81%) Terraform
3 58 (8.37%) Ansible
4 40 (5.77%) Grafana
5 31 (4.47%) Prometheus
6 21 (3.03%) Puppet
7 17 (2.45%) Single Sign-On
8 15 (2.16%) Kibana
9 12 (1.73%) FortiGate
9 12 (1.73%) HP Fortify
9 12 (1.73%) WebInspect
10 11 (1.59%) Opscode Chef
11 10 (1.44%) BladeLogic
11 10 (1.44%) Nessus
12 7 (1.01%) PingFederate
12 7 (1.01%) QRadar
12 7 (1.01%) Rancher
13 6 (0.87%) HP ALM
14 5 (0.72%) Graphite
14 5 (0.72%) Packer
Vendors
1 56 (8.08%) Oracle
2 45 (6.49%) Microsoft
3 32 (4.62%) SAP
3 32 (4.62%) VMware
4 31 (4.47%) Splunk
5 30 (4.33%) Google
6 29 (4.18%) IBM
7 26 (3.75%) F5
8 21 (3.03%) Cisco
9 19 (2.74%) Confluent
9 19 (2.74%) Red Hat
10 18 (2.60%) HP
11 17 (2.45%) Citrix
12 16 (2.31%) Salesforce.com
13 14 (2.02%) BMC
13 14 (2.02%) NetApp
14 13 (1.88%) Checkmarx
15 12 (1.73%) Adobe
16 11 (1.59%) EMC
16 11 (1.59%) TIBCO