Period
to 18 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 18 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK
6 months to
18 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 243 242 191
Rank change year-on-year -1 -51 +27
Contract jobs citing HTTP 1,171 1,134 1,499
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.14% 1.11% 1.42%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 8.76% 8.17% 9.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 709 766 1,005
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £353 £313
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £480 £425
% change year-on-year -6.25% +12.94% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 29 25
UK median hourly rate £30.46 £33.00 £21.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.69% +53.88% -42.81%
10th Percentile £19.60 £15.00 £15.00
90th Percentile £38.15 £45.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £32.00 £15.00
% change year-on-year -32.81% +113.33% -57.83%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 13,364 13,879 16,112
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.05% 13.59% 15.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,024 8,466 9,756
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +3.23%
10th Percentile £200 £181 £213
90th Percentile £606 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 625 738 832
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £19.00 £22.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.26% -16.79% +11.39%
10th Percentile £12.25 £11.25 £11.72
90th Percentile £47.50 £46.50 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £19.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year - -24.00% +21.95%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTTP as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing HTTP.

Contractor daily rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 18 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP.

Contractor hourly rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 18 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the UK over the 6 months to 18 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 1,080 £500 - 283
UK excluding London -4 595 £450 -6.25% 155
London -1 547 £525 +2.44% 146
South East -8 189 £453 -4.74% 40
North of England +2 138 £475 -7.32% 29
East of England +11 83 £525 +1.45% 38
North West +10 66 £450 -15.89% 19
Midlands -28 63 £488 -0.15% 7
South West -18 58 £410 -1.80% 23
Yorkshire -9 57 £478 -10.75% 7
West Midlands -48 41 £425 -11.76% 5
Wales +3 32 £400 -5.88% 9
Scotland -17 31 £438 +7.76% 9
North East -5 20 £483 -9.81% 3
East Midlands +19 19 £448 -10.50% 2
Northern Ireland +18 1 £375 -16.67%

For the 6 months to 18 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTTP.

1 578 (49.36%) Linux
2 556 (47.48%) Agile Software Development
3 536 (45.77%) Java
4 432 (36.89%) Git (software)
5 418 (35.70%) Jenkins
6 398 (33.99%) JavaScript
7 375 (32.02%) TCP/IP
8 365 (31.17%) Continuous Integration
9 362 (30.91%) DevOps
10 335 (28.61%) SSL
11 327 (27.92%) Test Automation
12 318 (27.16%) HTML
13 312 (26.64%) Amazon AWS
14 308 (26.30%) REST
15 291 (24.85%) CSS
16 285 (24.34%) Docker
17 281 (24.00%) JSON
18 274 (23.40%) Python
19 272 (23.23%) Open Source
20 267 (22.80%) Scrum
21 256 (21.86%) TDD
21 256 (21.86%) Configuration Management
22 254 (21.69%) Microservices
23 251 (21.43%) Puppet
24 229 (19.56%) Unix
24 229 (19.56%) DNS
25 222 (18.96%) Spring
26 221 (18.87%) SQL
27 215 (18.36%) MongoDB
28 214 (18.27%) C#

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 213 (18.19%) Apache
2 128 (10.93%) Tomcat
3 113 (9.65%) nginx
4 97 (8.28%) Confluence
5 86 (7.34%) WebSphere
6 84 (7.17%) IIS
7 82 (7.00%) Elasticsearch
8 70 (5.98%) JBoss
9 46 (3.93%) Apache Spark
10 45 (3.84%) Jetty
10 45 (3.84%) Mongrel
11 41 (3.50%) WebLogic
12 34 (2.90%) OpenStack
13 25 (2.13%) CMS
14 19 (1.62%) Drupal
15 17 (1.45%) Apache Solr
15 17 (1.45%) WebSphere Application Server
16 15 (1.28%) Commerce Server
17 13 (1.11%) Oracle HTTP Server
17 13 (1.11%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 4 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.085%) HipChat
4 1 (0.085%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.085%) OmniGraffle
4 1 (0.085%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 7 (0.60%) Oracle BPM
2 5 (0.43%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 3 (0.26%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (0.17%) Global One
4 2 (0.17%) ION MarketView
4 2 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.17%) Workday HCM
5 1 (0.085%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.085%) Magento
5 1 (0.085%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.085%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.085%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.085%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 312 (26.64%) Amazon AWS
2 129 (11.02%) Microsoft Azure
3 97 (8.28%) Amazon EC2
4 78 (6.66%) GitHub
5 63 (5.38%) Amazon S3
6 52 (4.44%) Google Cloud Platform
7 51 (4.36%) Google Analytics
8 49 (4.18%) Amazon ELB
8 49 (4.18%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 48 (4.10%) Route 53
10 40 (3.42%) Cloud Computing
11 33 (2.82%) Google App Engine
11 33 (2.82%) npm
12 32 (2.73%) PaaS
13 31 (2.65%) AWS CloudFormation
14 30 (2.56%) Amazon SQS
15 29 (2.48%) Heroku
15 29 (2.48%) OpenShift
16 27 (2.31%) IaaS
17 20 (1.71%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 375 (32.02%) TCP/IP
2 335 (28.61%) SSL
3 229 (19.56%) DNS
4 138 (11.78%) FTP
5 113 (9.65%) Firewall
6 93 (7.94%) Internet
7 91 (7.77%) DHCP
8 85 (7.26%) HTTPS
9 75 (6.40%) IPsec
10 69 (5.89%) VPN
11 59 (5.04%) SMTP
12 34 (2.90%) Kerberos
13 33 (2.82%) SSH
14 31 (2.65%) VoIP
14 31 (2.65%) WAN
15 26 (2.22%) MPLS
16 24 (2.05%) SNMP
16 24 (2.05%) Wireless
17 23 (1.96%) Intranet
18 21 (1.79%) BIG-IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 215 (18.36%) MongoDB
2 149 (12.72%) Relational Database
3 129 (11.02%) MySQL
4 127 (10.85%) PostgreSQL
5 118 (10.08%) NoSQL
6 99 (8.45%) SQL Server
7 98 (8.37%) Apache Cassandra
8 53 (4.53%) Big Data
9 48 (4.10%) Redis
10 45 (3.84%) Hadoop
11 35 (2.99%) RDBMS
12 29 (2.48%) Neo4j
13 21 (1.79%) Amazon RDS
14 14 (1.20%) HBase
14 14 (1.20%) MariaDB
14 14 (1.20%) Oracle Database
15 13 (1.11%) DB2
16 12 (1.02%) Apache Hive
16 12 (1.02%) SQL Server 2012
17 10 (0.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 432 (36.89%) Git (software)
2 418 (35.70%) Jenkins
3 155 (13.24%) JUnit
4 144 (12.30%) Selenium
5 135 (11.53%) JIRA
6 118 (10.08%) Subversion
7 109 (9.31%) Cucumber
8 85 (7.26%) Maven
9 83 (7.09%) Ant
10 79 (6.75%) gulp
11 68 (5.81%) GitLab
12 66 (5.64%) Gatling
13 64 (5.47%) SonarQube
14 61 (5.21%) Travis CI
15 59 (5.04%) IntelliJ
16 55 (4.70%) Hudson
17 54 (4.61%) Bitbucket
17 54 (4.61%) Gradle
18 43 (3.67%) Grunt
18 43 (3.67%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 112 (9.56%) Finance
2 63 (5.38%) Banking
3 40 (3.42%) Retail
4 22 (1.88%) Telecoms
5 16 (1.37%) Advertising
6 12 (1.02%) Investment Banking
7 11 (0.94%) Marketing
8 10 (0.85%) Law
8 10 (0.85%) Legal
9 7 (0.60%) Publishing
10 5 (0.43%) Manufacturing
11 4 (0.34%) Billing
12 3 (0.26%) Front Office
12 3 (0.26%) Games
12 3 (0.26%) Spanish Language
13 2 (0.17%) Aerospace
13 2 (0.17%) Electronics
13 2 (0.17%) Financial Institution
13 2 (0.17%) German Language
13 2 (0.17%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 561 (47.91%) Developer
2 168 (14.35%) DevOps Engineer
3 161 (13.75%) Java Developer
4 91 (7.77%) Scala Developer
5 76 (6.49%) Architect
6 73 (6.23%) Agile Developer
7 56 (4.78%) Senior Developer
8 54 (4.61%) .NET Developer
9 38 (3.25%) Perl Developer
10 36 (3.07%) C# Developer
10 36 (3.07%) Software Engineer
11 35 (2.99%) Analyst
12 33 (2.82%) Lead Developer
13 32 (2.73%) AWS DevOps
14 31 (2.65%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 29 (2.48%) AWS Engineer
16 28 (2.39%) C# .NET Developer
17 27 (2.31%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 27 (2.31%) Consultant
18 26 (2.22%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 318 (27.16%) HTML
2 308 (26.30%) REST
3 291 (24.85%) CSS
4 281 (24.00%) JSON
5 222 (18.96%) Spring
6 178 (15.20%) .NET
7 169 (14.43%) Node.js
8 167 (14.26%) HTML5
9 160 (13.66%) AngularJS
10 157 (13.41%) XML
11 156 (13.32%) SOAP
12 150 (12.81%) RESTful
13 113 (9.65%) Web Services
14 104 (8.88%) J2EE
14 104 (8.88%) jQuery
15 101 (8.63%) Guice
15 101 (8.63%) Servlets
16 100 (8.54%) Play Framework
17 98 (8.37%) Ruby on Rails
18 80 (6.83%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 85 (7.26%) Analytical Skills
2 80 (6.83%) Self-Motivation
3 59 (5.04%) Computer Science
4 43 (3.67%) Linux Command Line
5 41 (3.50%) Mobile App
6 40 (3.42%) Data Centre
7 36 (3.07%) PKI
8 35 (2.99%) User Experience
9 21 (1.79%) Greenfield Project
10 20 (1.71%) Algorithms
10 20 (1.71%) Data Structures
11 19 (1.62%) Clustering
12 18 (1.54%) Cyberthreat
12 18 (1.54%) Fintech
13 16 (1.37%) Public Cloud
14 14 (1.20%) W3C
15 12 (1.02%) Enterprise Software
15 12 (1.02%) Management Information System
16 11 (0.94%) SCADA
16 11 (0.94%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 578 (49.36%) Linux
2 229 (19.56%) Unix
3 188 (16.05%) Windows
4 98 (8.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 81 (6.92%) Ubuntu
6 70 (5.98%) CentOS
7 44 (3.76%) Windows Server
8 26 (2.22%) Android
8 26 (2.22%) Mac OS X
9 25 (2.13%) Apple iOS
9 25 (2.13%) Solaris
10 17 (1.45%) Debian
11 15 (1.28%) SUSE
11 15 (1.28%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 13 (1.11%) Fedora
13 12 (1.02%) Kali Linux
13 12 (1.02%) Windows Server 2012
14 7 (0.60%) Embedded Linux
15 6 (0.51%) AIX
16 4 (0.34%) Check Point GAiA
Processes & Methodologies
1 556 (47.48%) Agile Software Development
2 365 (31.17%) Continuous Integration
3 362 (30.91%) DevOps
4 327 (27.92%) Test Automation
5 272 (23.23%) Open Source
6 267 (22.80%) Scrum
7 256 (21.86%) Configuration Management
7 256 (21.86%) TDD
8 254 (21.69%) Microservices
9 204 (17.42%) Problem-Solving
10 163 (13.92%) MVC
11 162 (13.83%) OO
12 125 (10.67%) BDD
12 125 (10.67%) Software Engineering
13 122 (10.42%) Unit Testing
14 119 (10.16%) Kanban
15 111 (9.48%) Continuous Delivery
16 101 (8.63%) Responsive Web Design
17 99 (8.45%) Web Development
18 93 (7.94%) OWASP
Programming Languages
1 536 (45.77%) Java
2 398 (33.99%) JavaScript
3 274 (23.40%) Python
4 221 (18.87%) SQL
5 214 (18.27%) C#
6 195 (16.65%) Ruby
7 188 (16.05%) Perl
8 118 (10.08%) Scala
9 93 (7.94%) Bash Shell
10 90 (7.69%) Groovy
11 69 (5.89%) Java 8
12 63 (5.38%) Shell Script
13 59 (5.04%) C
14 52 (4.44%) Haskell
15 51 (4.36%) PowerShell
16 47 (4.01%) PHP
17 46 (3.93%) ES6
18 43 (3.67%) TypeScript
19 35 (2.99%) C++
20 26 (2.22%) Go
Qualifications
1 91 (7.77%) Security Cleared
2 72 (6.15%) SC Cleared
3 64 (5.47%) Degree
4 54 (4.61%) BPSS Clearance
5 31 (2.65%) Computer Science Degree
6 18 (1.54%) Cisco Certification
7 15 (1.28%) DV Cleared
8 14 (1.20%) Microsoft Certification
9 13 (1.11%) CCNA
9 13 (1.11%) CISSP
10 11 (0.94%) CCNP
10 11 (0.94%) OSCE
11 10 (0.85%) ISTQB
11 10 (0.85%) SANS
12 8 (0.68%) CEH
12 8 (0.68%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 8 (0.68%) OSCP
13 6 (0.51%) CREST Certified
14 5 (0.43%) GIAC
14 5 (0.43%) Tigerscheme
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (3.93%) QA
2 17 (1.45%) GDPR
3 13 (1.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 13 (1.11%) PCI DSS
4 11 (0.94%) WCAG
5 7 (0.60%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.26%) SLA
7 2 (0.17%) HIPAA
7 2 (0.17%) PMO
7 2 (0.17%) PSD2
7 2 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.085%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.085%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 285 (24.34%) Docker
2 73 (6.23%) VMware Infrastructure
3 63 (5.38%) Active Directory
4 39 (3.33%) Xen
5 27 (2.31%) Virtual Machines
6 19 (1.62%) Hyper-V
7 17 (1.45%) VirtualBox
8 14 (1.20%) KVM
8 14 (1.20%) Postfix
9 13 (1.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 11 (0.94%) vCloud
11 9 (0.77%) HDFS
11 9 (0.77%) Squid
12 7 (0.60%) Virtual Servers
13 6 (0.51%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 6 (0.51%) vSphere
14 4 (0.34%) LXC
15 3 (0.26%) Firmware
15 3 (0.26%) Terminal Services
15 3 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 251 (21.43%) Puppet
2 200 (17.08%) Ansible
3 172 (14.69%) Kubernetes
4 113 (9.65%) Terraform
5 107 (9.14%) Opscode Chef
6 100 (8.54%) Grafana
7 85 (7.26%) Kibana
8 50 (4.27%) Packer
9 45 (3.84%) Prometheus
10 40 (3.42%) Rancher
11 35 (2.99%) Docker Swarm
12 32 (2.73%) logstash
13 26 (2.22%) Salt
14 22 (1.88%) Single Sign-On
15 19 (1.62%) Nessus
16 17 (1.45%) Nmap
17 15 (1.28%) Nagios
18 14 (1.20%) CFEngine
19 13 (1.11%) ZABBIX
20 12 (1.02%) Graylog
Vendors
1 162 (13.83%) Google
2 159 (13.58%) Microsoft
3 85 (7.26%) VMware
4 80 (6.83%) Oracle
5 71 (6.06%) Red Hat
6 67 (5.72%) Splunk
7 44 (3.76%) Cisco
8 34 (2.90%) Black Duck
9 33 (2.82%) AppDynamics
9 33 (2.82%) F5
10 30 (2.56%) Adobe
11 27 (2.31%) IBM
12 22 (1.88%) New Relic
13 21 (1.79%) CheckPoint
13 21 (1.79%) HP
13 21 (1.79%) webMethods
14 18 (1.54%) Salesforce.com
15 17 (1.45%) Atlassian
16 15 (1.28%) Rackspace
17 14 (1.20%) MuleSoft