Period
to 14 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 14 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK
6 months to
14 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 322 269 295
Rank change year-on-year -53 +26 -44
Contract jobs citing HTTP 470 414 829
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.76% 0.95% 0.91%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 6.70% 7.04% 7.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 283 279 626
10th Percentile £350 £359 £375
25th Percentile £413 £422 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £518
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% -3.38% +3.50%
75th Percentile £603 £600 £575
90th Percentile £675 £707 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £500
% change year-on-year -5.26% -5.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 10 7
10th Percentile £33.45 £39.62 £15.37
25th Percentile £39.50 £47.00 £15.44
Median hourly rate £45.00 £50.25 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year -10.45% +43.57% +89.14%
75th Percentile £54.69 £64.81 £45.63
90th Percentile £58.85 £68.88 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £67.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year -33.33% +92.86% +96.44%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 7,013 5,880 11,463
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.41% 13.53% 12.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,509 3,602 7,179
10th Percentile £250 £188 £205
25th Percentile £355 £315 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £425 £429
Median % change year-on-year +5.88% -0.93% +0.94%
75th Percentile £538 £538 £538
90th Percentile £638 £625 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £405 £413
% change year-on-year +1.85% -1.82% +4.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 320 303 530
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.50 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.14 £16.25 £14.75
Median hourly rate £25.00 £24.00 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +20.00% +6.44%
75th Percentile £50.00 £46.13 £43.75
90th Percentile £64.50 £53.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.00 £19.50 £18.00
% change year-on-year +12.82% +8.33% -3.37%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTTP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Daily rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 14 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Hourly rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 14 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the UK over the 6 months to 14 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -38 362 £525 +5.00% 174
London -45 218 £525 -4.55% 86
Work from Home -124 168 £475 +5.56% 54
UK excluding London -50 149 £450 -5.26% 92
South East +8 38 £475 +11.76% 32
North of England -38 28 £500 -4.76% 21
Scotland -50 26 £405 -14.74% 2
East of England -18 23 £640 +42.22% 6
North West -6 19 £576 +13.16% 8
Midlands 0 16 £369 +5.36% 17
West Midlands -2 15 £350 - 17
South West +15 11 £394 -34.38% 11
Wales +13 7 £604 +9.77% 3
Yorkshire -18 7 £452 -33.00% 12
North East -7 2 £405 -17.35% 1
East Midlands +4 1 £650 +85.71%

For the 6 months to 14 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTTP.

1 167 (35.53%) REST
2 163 (34.68%) Java
3 162 (34.47%) Agile Software Development
4 137 (29.15%) Python
5 129 (27.45%) Linux
6 123 (26.17%) AWS
7 119 (25.32%) JavaScript
8 112 (23.83%) Web Services
9 104 (22.13%) Kubernetes
10 100 (21.28%) DevOps
10 100 (21.28%) Git (software)
10 100 (21.28%) Jenkins
10 100 (21.28%) SQL
11 97 (20.64%) DNS
12 94 (20.00%) Test Automation
13 91 (19.36%) HTML
14 88 (18.72%) XML
15 87 (18.51%) SOAP
16 85 (18.09%) Finance
17 82 (17.45%) Social Skills
18 81 (17.23%) JSON
19 79 (16.81%) TCP/IP
19 79 (16.81%) Azure
20 69 (14.68%) Docker
21 68 (14.47%) JIRA
22 64 (13.62%) Software Engineering
23 63 (13.40%) Firewall
23 63 (13.40%) RESTful
23 63 (13.40%) Node.js
24 62 (13.19%) Microservices

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (11.91%) Apache
2 36 (7.66%) Tomcat
3 29 (6.17%) Apache Spark
4 28 (5.96%) IIS
5 27 (5.74%) WebSphere
6 24 (5.11%) Confluence
7 19 (4.04%) nginx
8 16 (3.40%) WebSphere Application Server
9 15 (3.19%) Anypoint
10 11 (2.34%) CMS
11 10 (2.13%) Apache Airflow
11 10 (2.13%) IBM HTTP Server
12 9 (1.91%) Oracle HTTP Server
13 8 (1.70%) Mule
14 7 (1.49%) Apache ServiceMix
14 7 (1.49%) Elasticsearch
14 7 (1.49%) IBM Domino
14 7 (1.49%) JBoss
14 7 (1.49%) Jetty
14 7 (1.49%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 13 (2.77%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (1.49%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.64%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.43%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 12 (2.55%) Magento
2 9 (1.91%) Shopify
3 2 (0.43%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.43%) SAP S/4HANA
3 2 (0.43%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.21%) SAP CRM
4 1 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 123 (26.17%) AWS
2 79 (16.81%) Azure
3 43 (9.15%) GCP
4 29 (6.17%) Cloud Computing
5 26 (5.53%) Serverless
6 24 (5.11%) GitHub
7 20 (4.26%) AWS Lambda
8 19 (4.04%) Amazon EC2
9 17 (3.62%) IaaS
10 14 (2.98%) SaaS
11 12 (2.55%) Microsoft 365
12 11 (2.34%) Amazon Kinesis
12 11 (2.34%) Amazon S3
13 10 (2.13%) Amazon ECS
13 10 (2.13%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 9 (1.91%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 8 (1.70%) Akamai
15 8 (1.70%) CloudFront
15 8 (1.70%) Google Analytics
15 8 (1.70%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 97 (20.64%) DNS
2 79 (16.81%) TCP/IP
3 63 (13.40%) Firewall
4 61 (12.98%) SSL
5 46 (9.79%) HTTPS
6 43 (9.15%) FTP
7 28 (5.96%) Internet
8 25 (5.32%) SMTP
9 23 (4.89%) DHCP
10 22 (4.68%) VPN
11 20 (4.26%) SNMP
12 19 (4.04%) SSH
13 15 (3.19%) WAN
14 14 (2.98%) Network Security
15 13 (2.77%) IPsec
16 12 (2.55%) LAN
16 12 (2.55%) Wireshark
17 11 (2.34%) SAN
18 10 (2.13%) VoIP
19 9 (1.91%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (8.94%) Relational Database
2 34 (7.23%) MongoDB
2 34 (7.23%) NoSQL
3 29 (6.17%) PostgreSQL
4 28 (5.96%) Data Warehouse
4 28 (5.96%) MySQL
5 26 (5.53%) Big Data
6 19 (4.04%) Apache Cassandra
7 16 (3.40%) SQL Server
8 14 (2.98%) Couchbase
8 14 (2.98%) Flink
9 10 (2.13%) Data Lake
9 10 (2.13%) Parquet
10 9 (1.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 9 (1.91%) RDBMS
11 7 (1.49%) Power BI
12 5 (1.06%) Riak
12 5 (1.06%) SQLite
13 4 (0.85%) HBase
13 4 (0.85%) SAP BW
Development Applications
1 100 (21.28%) Git (software)
1 100 (21.28%) Jenkins
2 68 (14.47%) JIRA
3 26 (5.53%) JUnit
4 24 (5.11%) Cucumber
5 19 (4.04%) Maven
6 18 (3.83%) Subversion
7 17 (3.62%) GitLab
7 17 (3.62%) Selenium
8 12 (2.55%) REST Assured
8 12 (2.55%) SoapUI
9 10 (2.13%) Bitbucket
9 10 (2.13%) Eclipse
9 10 (2.13%) Postman
9 10 (2.13%) Travis CI
10 7 (1.49%) Artifactory
10 7 (1.49%) Gatling
10 7 (1.49%) IntelliJ
10 7 (1.49%) JMeter
10 7 (1.49%) webpack
General
1 85 (18.09%) Finance
2 82 (17.45%) Social Skills
3 46 (9.79%) Banking
4 43 (9.15%) Analytical Skills
5 36 (7.66%) Public Sector
6 32 (6.81%) Telecoms
7 19 (4.04%) Marketing
8 17 (3.62%) Retail
9 14 (2.98%) Investment Banking
10 13 (2.77%) German Language
11 11 (2.34%) Influencing Skills
12 10 (2.13%) Electronics
12 10 (2.13%) Manufacturing
13 8 (1.70%) French Language
14 7 (1.49%) Law
15 5 (1.06%) Documentation Skills
15 5 (1.06%) Publishing
16 4 (0.85%) Games
16 4 (0.85%) Pharmaceutical
16 4 (0.85%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 153 (32.55%) Developer
2 46 (9.79%) Architect
3 36 (7.66%) DevOps Engineer
4 32 (6.81%) Java Developer
5 31 (6.60%) Senior Developer
6 30 (6.38%) Consultant
7 20 (4.26%) Software Engineer
8 19 (4.04%) Analyst
8 19 (4.04%) Full Stack Developer
9 17 (3.62%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 17 (3.62%) Scala Developer
10 16 (3.40%) Network Engineer
10 16 (3.40%) Python Developer
11 15 (3.19%) AWS Engineer
12 14 (2.98%) Senior Java Developer
13 13 (2.77%) Python Engineer
13 13 (2.77%) Tester
14 12 (2.55%) Data Engineer
15 11 (2.34%) Solutions Architect
16 10 (2.13%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 167 (35.53%) REST
2 112 (23.83%) Web Services
3 91 (19.36%) HTML
4 88 (18.72%) XML
5 87 (18.51%) SOAP
6 81 (17.23%) JSON
7 63 (13.40%) Node.js
7 63 (13.40%) RESTful
8 59 (12.55%) Kafka
9 54 (11.49%) CSS
10 37 (7.87%) React
11 36 (7.66%) Spring
12 33 (7.02%) AngularJS
13 31 (6.60%) Akka
13 31 (6.60%) LDAP
14 28 (5.96%) Middleware
15 27 (5.74%) SAML
16 25 (5.32%) .NET
17 24 (5.11%) OAuth
18 22 (4.68%) RAML
Miscellaneous
1 24 (5.11%) Management Information System
1 24 (5.11%) Self-Motivation
2 22 (4.68%) Algorithms
3 16 (3.40%) Mobile App
4 15 (3.19%) Enterprise Software
5 14 (2.98%) Grid Computing
5 14 (2.98%) Public Cloud
6 13 (2.77%) Data Structures
7 12 (2.55%) Data Centre
7 12 (2.55%) Greenfield Project
8 11 (2.34%) Clustering
8 11 (2.34%) Market Risk
9 10 (2.13%) Hybrid Cloud
10 9 (1.91%) User Experience
11 8 (1.70%) Client/Server
11 8 (1.70%) DataPower
12 7 (1.49%) Private Cloud
12 7 (1.49%) Virtual Team
13 6 (1.28%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 5 (1.06%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 129 (27.45%) Linux
2 51 (10.85%) Unix
3 44 (9.36%) Windows
4 15 (3.19%) Mac OS X
5 11 (2.34%) Android
6 9 (1.91%) Apple iOS
6 9 (1.91%) Windows Server
7 8 (1.70%) Windows 10
7 8 (1.70%) Windows Server 2016
8 7 (1.49%) CentOS
9 6 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 4 (0.85%) Solaris
10 4 (0.85%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.85%) Windows Server 2003
11 3 (0.64%) Embedded Linux
11 3 (0.64%) SUSE
11 3 (0.64%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (0.64%) Windows Server 2019
12 2 (0.43%) Kali Linux
12 2 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 162 (34.47%) Agile Software Development
2 100 (21.28%) DevOps
3 94 (20.00%) Test Automation
4 64 (13.62%) Software Engineering
5 62 (13.19%) Microservices
6 57 (12.13%) Scrum
7 49 (10.43%) Continuous Integration
8 44 (9.36%) Configuration Management
9 42 (8.94%) Problem-Solving
10 40 (8.51%) TDD
11 39 (8.30%) Open Source
12 35 (7.45%) SOA
13 33 (7.02%) Change Management
14 29 (6.17%) BDD
14 29 (6.17%) Use Case
15 26 (5.53%) Analytics
15 26 (5.53%) Computer Science
15 26 (5.53%) E-Commerce
15 26 (5.53%) MapReduce
15 26 (5.53%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 163 (34.68%) Java
2 137 (29.15%) Python
3 119 (25.32%) JavaScript
4 100 (21.28%) SQL
5 43 (9.15%) Scala
6 35 (7.45%) C#
7 32 (6.81%) C++
8 29 (6.17%) Bash Shell
9 27 (5.74%) Ruby
10 26 (5.53%) PHP
11 25 (5.32%) Groovy
12 24 (5.11%) Shell Script
13 22 (4.68%) TypeScript
14 17 (3.62%) Perl
14 17 (3.62%) PowerShell
15 14 (2.98%) Go
16 11 (2.34%) VB
17 10 (2.13%) C
18 9 (1.91%) ABAP
19 8 (1.70%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 43 (9.15%) Security Cleared
2 41 (8.72%) SC Cleared
3 33 (7.02%) Degree
4 17 (3.62%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (2.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 10 (2.13%) ITIL Certification
6 9 (1.91%) CCNP
6 9 (1.91%) Cisco Certification
6 9 (1.91%) Microsoft Certification
7 8 (1.70%) ISEB
8 7 (1.49%) CCNA
9 6 (1.28%) ISTQB
10 5 (1.06%) Master's Degree
11 3 (0.64%) CCDA
11 3 (0.64%) JNCIA
11 3 (0.64%) JNCIP
11 3 (0.64%) JNCIS
11 3 (0.64%) LPIC
11 3 (0.64%) RHCE
12 2 (0.43%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (5.11%) QA
2 18 (3.83%) Accessibility
3 6 (1.28%) HL7
3 6 (1.28%) WCAG
4 2 (0.43%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.43%) GDPR
4 2 (0.43%) ISO 9000
4 2 (0.43%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.43%) SLA
5 1 (0.21%) GLBA
5 1 (0.21%) GRC
5 1 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 1 (0.21%) NIST
5 1 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 69 (14.68%) Docker
2 31 (6.60%) VMware Infrastructure
3 30 (6.38%) Active Directory
4 8 (1.70%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (1.49%) OpenAM
5 7 (1.49%) Postfix
5 7 (1.49%) qmail
5 7 (1.49%) VMware NSX
5 7 (1.49%) Xen
6 6 (1.28%) Microsoft App-V
7 5 (1.06%) NFS
8 4 (0.85%) HDFS
8 4 (0.85%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.85%) vSphere
9 2 (0.43%) Ceph
9 2 (0.43%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.21%) IAG
10 1 (0.21%) QEMU
10 1 (0.21%) XenApp
10 1 (0.21%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 104 (22.13%) Kubernetes
2 54 (11.49%) Ansible
3 42 (8.94%) Puppet
4 20 (4.26%) Opscode Chef
4 20 (4.26%) Terraform
5 17 (3.62%) Single Sign-On
6 10 (2.13%) Grafana
6 10 (2.13%) SCCM
7 7 (1.49%) CloudHub
7 7 (1.49%) OpenView Configuration Management
8 6 (1.28%) HP ALM
8 6 (1.28%) HP Quality Center
8 6 (1.28%) Salt
9 5 (1.06%) Hadoop YARN
9 5 (1.06%) Iperf
9 5 (1.06%) Kibana
9 5 (1.06%) vCenter Server
9 5 (1.06%) vRealize
10 4 (0.85%) Capistrano
10 4 (0.85%) Oozie
Vendors
1 54 (11.49%) Oracle
2 46 (9.79%) Microsoft
2 46 (9.79%) VMware
3 32 (6.81%) Google
4 31 (6.60%) SAP
5 28 (5.96%) IBM
6 25 (5.32%) Cisco
7 22 (4.68%) Salesforce.com
8 20 (4.26%) Red Hat
8 20 (4.26%) Splunk
9 19 (4.04%) MuleSoft
10 17 (3.62%) ServiceNow
11 15 (3.19%) F5
12 14 (2.98%) Palo Alto
13 13 (2.77%) Juniper
14 11 (2.34%) Zscaler
15 10 (2.13%) Dell
16 9 (1.91%) Citrix
16 9 (1.91%) Dynatrace
17 8 (1.70%) New Relic