Period
to 10 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 10 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK
6 months to
10 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 277 329 240
Rank change year-on-year +52 -89 -30
Contract jobs citing HTTP 304 721 1,215
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.87% 0.79% 1.17%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 6.45% 6.09% 8.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 203 545 833
Median daily rate £498 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.50% - +1.32%
10th Percentile £360 £375 £350
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £490 £500 £436
% change year-on-year -2.00% +14.61% -8.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 9 18
Median hourly rate £46.13 £50.00 £24.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.75% +104.08% -35.95%
10th Percentile £37.70 £34.50 £16.64
90th Percentile £68.88 £54.75 £35.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £53.75 £40.00 £31.25
% change year-on-year +34.38% +28.00% -18.30%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 4,713 11,837 13,863
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.46% 12.90% 13.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,688 7,233 8,501
Median daily rate £425 £425 £425
10th Percentile £200 £200 £203
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £395
% change year-on-year - +1.27% +3.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 285 602 779
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.75 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +47.37% +18.75% +5.26%
10th Percentile £14.93 £12.50 £12.20
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £47.50
Median hourly rate £32.50 £22.68 £19.00
% change year-on-year +43.30% +19.37% +2.70%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTTP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Daily rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Hourly rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the UK over the 6 months to 10 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +58 281 £499 -2.68% 142
UK excluding London +75 159 £490 -2.00% 95
London +47 133 £525 -2.78% 56
North of England +60 70 £493 -1.50% 26
North West +60 39 £450 -10.00% 16
South East +108 34 £425 -10.53% 21
East of England +75 26 £450 -5.26% 17
Yorkshire +50 23 £675 +28.57% 10
Work from Home -12 20 £450 -18.18% 26
Scotland +76 17 £490 +8.77% 5
South West +77 10 £450 -10.00% 9
North East +27 8 £490 +3.70%
Midlands +59 4 £350 -30.00% 11
East Midlands +49 2 £350 -12.50% 4
West Midlands +47 2 - - 6
Wales +37 2 £600 +26.32% 6

For the 6 months to 10 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTTP.

1 132 (43.42%) Linux
2 128 (42.11%) Agile Software Development
3 121 (39.80%) Java
4 110 (36.18%) Python
5 98 (32.24%) Git (software)
5 98 (32.24%) DevOps
6 94 (30.92%) TCP/IP
7 92 (30.26%) Jenkins
8 89 (29.28%) Configuration Management
9 87 (28.62%) AWS
10 86 (28.29%) Continuous Integration
11 82 (26.97%) REST
12 76 (25.00%) Puppet
12 76 (25.00%) JavaScript
13 75 (24.67%) DNS
14 74 (24.34%) Opscode Chef
15 72 (23.68%) SSL
16 63 (20.72%) Docker
16 63 (20.72%) Kubernetes
17 61 (20.07%) SOAP
18 59 (19.41%) Test Automation
18 59 (19.41%) Ansible
19 58 (19.08%) Azure
19 58 (19.08%) JSON
20 56 (18.42%) Terraform
21 54 (17.76%) Windows
22 53 (17.43%) HTML
23 52 (17.11%) Problem-Solving
23 52 (17.11%) Microservices
24 50 (16.45%) SQL

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (13.49%) Apache
2 32 (10.53%) Tomcat
3 16 (5.26%) JBoss
4 13 (4.28%) IIS
5 12 (3.95%) WebSphere
6 11 (3.62%) Apache Solr
6 11 (3.62%) Apache Spark
6 11 (3.62%) Confluence
7 9 (2.96%) Red Hat Fuse
8 8 (2.63%) WebSphere Application Server
9 7 (2.30%) IBM HTTP Server
10 6 (1.97%) Anypoint
10 6 (1.97%) Elasticsearch
10 6 (1.97%) Oracle HTTP Server
11 5 (1.64%) Apache ServiceMix
11 5 (1.64%) MS Exchange
11 5 (1.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 5 (1.64%) SharePoint
12 4 (1.32%) WebLogic
13 3 (0.99%) nginx
Applications
1 2 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.33%) Adobe Illustrator
2 1 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.33%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.33%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.33%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 6 (1.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.99%) Magento
3 1 (0.33%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.33%) SAP Retail
3 1 (0.33%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 87 (28.62%) AWS
2 58 (19.08%) Azure
3 31 (10.20%) GCP
4 19 (6.25%) Coveralls
5 18 (5.92%) GitHub
6 16 (5.26%) AWS CloudFormation
7 15 (4.93%) SaaS
8 14 (4.61%) Serverless
9 12 (3.95%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 11 (3.62%) AWS CloudTrail
10 11 (3.62%) AWS Lambda
10 11 (3.62%) OpenShift
10 11 (3.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 8 (2.63%) Power Platform
12 7 (2.30%) Cloud Computing
13 6 (1.97%) PaaS
14 5 (1.64%) npm
14 5 (1.64%) Yarn
15 4 (1.32%) Amazon Cognito
15 4 (1.32%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 94 (30.92%) TCP/IP
2 75 (24.67%) DNS
3 72 (23.68%) SSL
4 38 (12.50%) Firewall
5 35 (11.51%) HTTPS
6 34 (11.18%) DHCP
7 30 (9.87%) FTP
8 17 (5.59%) SMTP
9 15 (4.93%) Internet
9 15 (4.93%) LAN
9 15 (4.93%) WAN
9 15 (4.93%) Wireshark
10 13 (4.28%) IPsec
10 13 (4.28%) SNMP
11 12 (3.95%) VPN
11 12 (3.95%) Wi-Fi
12 11 (3.62%) Network Security
13 10 (3.29%) Intrusion Detection
13 10 (3.29%) IPv4
13 10 (3.29%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (16.12%) Relational Database
2 43 (14.14%) SQL Server
3 35 (11.51%) MongoDB
4 32 (10.53%) NoSQL
5 28 (9.21%) MySQL
6 23 (7.57%) RDBMS
7 14 (4.61%) Apache Cassandra
8 12 (3.95%) SQL Server 2016
9 9 (2.96%) BusinessObjects
10 8 (2.63%) Big Data
11 7 (2.30%) Amazon RDS
11 7 (2.30%) PostgreSQL
12 6 (1.97%) Couchbase
13 4 (1.32%) Aerospike
13 4 (1.32%) Data Warehouse
13 4 (1.32%) Flink
13 4 (1.32%) Hadoop
13 4 (1.32%) Neo4j
13 4 (1.32%) Power BI
13 4 (1.32%) Redis
Development Applications
1 98 (32.24%) Git (software)
2 92 (30.26%) Jenkins
3 35 (11.51%) JUnit
4 31 (10.20%) Maven
5 30 (9.87%) Gradle
6 29 (9.54%) SonarQube
7 25 (8.22%) CircleCI
8 22 (7.24%) Cucumber
9 20 (6.58%) TeamCity
10 19 (6.25%) Bitbucket Server
11 18 (5.92%) JIRA
12 16 (5.26%) SoapUI
13 14 (4.61%) Selenium
14 13 (4.28%) JMeter
15 12 (3.95%) Subversion
16 11 (3.62%) Gatling
17 10 (3.29%) Eclipse
18 9 (2.96%) Bitbucket
19 7 (2.30%) Visual Studio
20 6 (1.97%) MSI
General
1 40 (13.16%) Finance
2 21 (6.91%) Public Sector
3 18 (5.92%) Banking
4 14 (4.61%) Marketing
5 6 (1.97%) Investment Banking
5 6 (1.97%) Manufacturing
5 6 (1.97%) Telecoms
6 5 (1.64%) Front Office
7 4 (1.32%) Electronics
7 4 (1.32%) Retail
8 3 (0.99%) Legal
9 2 (0.66%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.33%) French Language
10 1 (0.33%) Games
10 1 (0.33%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 114 (37.50%) Developer
2 33 (10.86%) Java Developer
3 31 (10.20%) DevOps Engineer
4 25 (8.22%) Architect
5 18 (5.92%) Consultant
6 15 (4.93%) Senior Developer
7 14 (4.61%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 13 (4.28%) Senior DevOps
9 12 (3.95%) Analyst
9 12 (3.95%) AWS Engineer
10 11 (3.62%) Full Stack Developer
11 10 (3.29%) C Developer
11 10 (3.29%) Cloud Engineer
12 8 (2.63%) Network Engineer
12 8 (2.63%) React Developer
13 7 (2.30%) Middleware Consultant
13 7 (2.30%) Operations Engineer
13 7 (2.30%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 6 (1.97%) CRM Developer
14 6 (1.97%) DevOps Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 82 (26.97%) REST
2 61 (20.07%) SOAP
3 58 (19.08%) JSON
4 53 (17.43%) HTML
5 48 (15.79%) Web Services
5 48 (15.79%) XML
6 44 (14.47%) RESTful
7 40 (13.16%) CSS
8 30 (9.87%) Middleware
9 27 (8.88%) Node.js
10 25 (8.22%) AngularJS
10 25 (8.22%) Spring
11 20 (6.58%) .NET
12 18 (5.92%) LDAP
13 17 (5.59%) HTML5
13 17 (5.59%) Sass
14 16 (5.26%) Spring Boot
15 15 (4.93%) React
16 14 (4.61%) Kafka
17 13 (4.28%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 28 (9.21%) Analytical Skills
2 13 (4.28%) Device Driver
3 12 (3.95%) User Experience
4 11 (3.62%) Enterprise Software
5 10 (3.29%) Clustering
5 10 (3.29%) Management Information System
5 10 (3.29%) PKI
6 8 (2.63%) Data Centre
6 8 (2.63%) Self-Motivation
7 7 (2.30%) DataPower
8 6 (1.97%) Linux Command Line
8 6 (1.97%) W3C
9 4 (1.32%) CESG
9 4 (1.32%) Client/Server
9 4 (1.32%) Fibre Optics
9 4 (1.32%) Grid Computing
9 4 (1.32%) Public Cloud
9 4 (1.32%) Security Operations Centre
10 3 (0.99%) N-Tier
10 3 (0.99%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 132 (43.42%) Linux
2 54 (17.76%) Windows
3 49 (16.12%) Unix
4 31 (10.20%) Windows Server
5 18 (5.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 17 (5.59%) Windows Server 2012
7 15 (4.93%) Windows Server 2016
8 12 (3.95%) Mac OS X
9 10 (3.29%) CentOS
10 9 (2.96%) Windows 10
11 8 (2.63%) Windows 7
12 7 (2.30%) Windows Server 2008
13 6 (1.97%) Debian
13 6 (1.97%) Solaris
13 6 (1.97%) Windows Server 2003
13 6 (1.97%) Windows XP
14 5 (1.64%) Ubuntu
15 3 (0.99%) AIX
15 3 (0.99%) Android
16 2 (0.66%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 128 (42.11%) Agile Software Development
2 98 (32.24%) DevOps
3 89 (29.28%) Configuration Management
4 86 (28.29%) Continuous Integration
5 59 (19.41%) Test Automation
6 52 (17.11%) Microservices
6 52 (17.11%) Problem-Solving
7 46 (15.13%) Open Source
8 44 (14.47%) Scrum
8 44 (14.47%) TDD
9 36 (11.84%) Continuous Delivery
10 33 (10.86%) Load Balancing
11 26 (8.55%) BDD
12 25 (8.22%) Infrastructure Automation
12 25 (8.22%) Task Automation
12 25 (8.22%) Web Development
13 23 (7.57%) Infrastructure Management
13 23 (7.57%) Software Engineering
14 22 (7.24%) Mentoring
14 22 (7.24%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 121 (39.80%) Java
2 110 (36.18%) Python
3 76 (25.00%) JavaScript
4 50 (16.45%) SQL
5 35 (11.51%) Bash Shell
6 28 (9.21%) PowerShell
7 19 (6.25%) C
8 17 (5.59%) C#
8 17 (5.59%) Java 8
8 17 (5.59%) Perl
9 14 (4.61%) Scala
10 12 (3.95%) Ruby
11 10 (3.29%) Shell Script
12 9 (2.96%) ES6
12 9 (2.96%) Groovy
13 8 (2.63%) TypeScript
14 7 (2.30%) Tcl
14 7 (2.30%) VB.NET
15 6 (1.97%) ABAP
15 6 (1.97%) ActionScript
Qualifications
1 36 (11.84%) Security Cleared
2 30 (9.87%) SC Cleared
3 11 (3.62%) Cisco Certification
4 10 (3.29%) CCNP
4 10 (3.29%) Degree
5 9 (2.96%) BPSS Clearance
5 9 (2.96%) CCNA
6 7 (2.30%) GIAC
7 4 (1.32%) CEH
7 4 (1.32%) CREST Certified
7 4 (1.32%) JNCIA
7 4 (1.32%) JNCIP
7 4 (1.32%) JNCIS
8 3 (0.99%) GCED
8 3 (0.99%) GCFW
8 3 (0.99%) GCIA
8 3 (0.99%) GCIH
8 3 (0.99%) GPPA
8 3 (0.99%) GSEC
8 3 (0.99%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (8.22%) QA
2 14 (4.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 13 (4.28%) GDPR
4 12 (3.95%) Cyber Essentials
4 12 (3.95%) HIPAA
5 6 (1.97%) Disclosure Scotland
5 6 (1.97%) WCAG
6 5 (1.64%) SLA
7 1 (0.33%) COBIT
7 1 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.33%) NIST
System Software
1 63 (20.72%) Docker
2 17 (5.59%) Active Directory
3 12 (3.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (2.63%) NFS
5 6 (1.97%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (1.32%) Snort
7 2 (0.66%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.33%) HDFS
8 1 (0.33%) iptables
8 1 (0.33%) LXC
8 1 (0.33%) oVirt
8 1 (0.33%) Postfix
8 1 (0.33%) RHEV
8 1 (0.33%) Samba
8 1 (0.33%) Sendmail
8 1 (0.33%) Varnish
8 1 (0.33%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.33%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.33%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 76 (25.00%) Puppet
2 74 (24.34%) Opscode Chef
3 63 (20.72%) Kubernetes
4 59 (19.41%) Ansible
5 56 (18.42%) Terraform
6 29 (9.54%) Salt
7 11 (3.62%) Grafana
8 7 (2.30%) Single Sign-On
9 6 (1.97%) Kibana
10 4 (1.32%) HP Quality Center
10 4 (1.32%) Network Intrusion Detection System
11 3 (0.99%) Docker Swarm
11 3 (0.99%) Forum Sentry
11 3 (0.99%) Nessus
11 3 (0.99%) Nmap
11 3 (0.99%) Norton AntiVirus
11 3 (0.99%) QRadar
12 2 (0.66%) HAProxy
12 2 (0.66%) SCCM
12 2 (0.66%) WSUS
Vendors
1 31 (10.20%) Google
2 22 (7.24%) Microsoft
3 21 (6.91%) Red Hat
4 20 (6.58%) Splunk
5 19 (6.25%) Oracle
5 19 (6.25%) VMware
6 17 (5.59%) SAP
7 14 (4.61%) Juniper
8 13 (4.28%) Cisco
9 12 (3.95%) IBM
10 10 (3.29%) F5
11 9 (2.96%) MuleSoft
11 9 (2.96%) Salesforce.com
12 7 (2.30%) Dell
12 7 (2.30%) Fortinet
12 7 (2.30%) Qualys
13 6 (1.97%) CheckPoint
13 6 (1.97%) LogicMonitor
13 6 (1.97%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
14 5 (1.64%) Pega