Period
to 20 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 20 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK
6 months to
20 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 292 269 232
Rank change year-on-year -23 -37 +17
Contract jobs citing HTTP 335 683 1,180
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.80% 0.94% 1.20%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 6.45% 6.83% 9.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 283 455 739
Median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
10th Percentile £332 £345 £363
90th Percentile £638 £700 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £475 £475
% change year-on-year -7.37% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 12 11
Median hourly rate £40.00 £48.75 £27.43
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.95% +77.76% -19.53%
10th Percentile £21.25 £40.10 £15.37
90th Percentile £65.40 £51.58 £43.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £21.50
% change year-on-year +17.65% +97.67% -36.91%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 5,197 9,997 12,571
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.46% 13.83% 12.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,269 6,173 7,723
Median daily rate £438 £410 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.71% -3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £200 £181 £200
90th Percentile £613 £600 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 265 566 578
Median hourly rate £32.50 £22.50 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +44.44% +25.00% -2.04%
10th Percentile £13.15 £13.38 £12.00
90th Percentile £58.75 £53.00 £47.60
Median hourly rate £30.50 £20.00 £17.41
% change year-on-year +52.50% +14.88% -8.37%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTTP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Daily rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTTP.

Hourly rate trend for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTTP over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for HTTP in the UK

HTTP
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the UK over the 6 months to 20 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 277 £500 - 197
London +36 171 £525 -3.89% 80
Work from Home -94 111 £525 +23.53% 37
UK excluding London -30 110 £440 -7.37% 128
North of England +12 24 £433 -16.83% 20
South East +56 23 £425 -8.11% 48
East of England +40 21 £448 +2.29% 16
South West +74 17 £413 -8.33% 15
Scotland -14 14 £463 -11.90% 5
North West +37 11 £483 -17.87% 12
Yorkshire +18 10 £350 -32.69% 5
Wales +30 6 £410 +21.03% 5
Midlands +45 5 £550 +22.22% 22
North East +7 3 £394 -2.72% 3
West Midlands +25 1 £350 -35.19% 15

For the 6 months to 20 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for HTTP.

1 134 (40.00%) Linux
2 121 (36.12%) Java
3 119 (35.52%) Agile Software Development
4 109 (32.54%) TCP/IP
5 103 (30.75%) Web Services
6 101 (30.15%) Jenkins
7 100 (29.85%) JSON
8 87 (25.97%) Python
9 84 (25.07%) REST
10 81 (24.18%) XML
11 78 (23.28%) SOAP
12 77 (22.99%) HTML
12 77 (22.99%) RESTful
12 77 (22.99%) AWS
13 75 (22.39%) JavaScript
14 74 (22.09%) Git (software)
15 72 (21.49%) SSL
16 70 (20.90%) DevOps
17 61 (18.21%) Kubernetes
17 61 (18.21%) Azure
17 61 (18.21%) Open Source
18 59 (17.61%) Docker
18 59 (17.61%) Microservices
19 56 (16.72%) Test Automation
20 55 (16.42%) Continuous Integration
21 54 (16.12%) DNS
22 52 (15.52%) Windows
23 50 (14.93%) CSS
23 50 (14.93%) Middleware
23 50 (14.93%) Security Cleared

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (11.94%) Apache
2 31 (9.25%) WebSphere
3 29 (8.66%) Red Hat Fuse
3 29 (8.66%) Tomcat
4 28 (8.36%) JBoss
5 25 (7.46%) Confluence
6 22 (6.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 21 (6.27%) IIS
8 19 (5.67%) WebLogic
9 18 (5.37%) Mule
10 17 (5.07%) Oracle Service Bus
11 13 (3.88%) nginx
12 10 (2.99%) Apache ServiceMix
12 10 (2.99%) Apache Spark
12 10 (2.99%) BizTalk Server
13 8 (2.39%) OpenStack
14 6 (1.79%) Anypoint
15 5 (1.49%) Apache Airflow
15 5 (1.49%) Elasticsearch
15 5 (1.49%) Oracle HTTP Server
Applications
1 5 (1.49%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.60%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.30%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 6 (1.79%) Dynamics CRM
1 6 (1.79%) Magento
2 3 (0.90%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.30%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 77 (22.99%) AWS
2 61 (18.21%) Azure
3 31 (9.25%) GCP
3 31 (9.25%) GitHub
4 26 (7.76%) Amazon EC2
5 13 (3.88%) PaaS
6 11 (3.28%) Boomi
6 11 (3.28%) Google Analytics
6 11 (3.28%) OpenShift
7 10 (2.99%) Amazon SQS
7 10 (2.99%) Apigee
8 9 (2.69%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 9 (2.69%) IaaS
9 8 (2.39%) Cloud Computing
10 7 (2.09%) Amazon S3
10 7 (2.09%) AWS Lambda
10 7 (2.09%) Serverless
11 6 (1.79%) Logic Apps
11 6 (1.79%) Power Platform
12 5 (1.49%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 109 (32.54%) TCP/IP
2 72 (21.49%) SSL
3 54 (16.12%) DNS
4 39 (11.64%) HTTPS
5 36 (10.75%) DHCP
6 34 (10.15%) Firewall
7 29 (8.66%) FTP
8 26 (7.76%) SMTP
9 17 (5.07%) Internet
10 13 (3.88%) IPsec
10 13 (3.88%) SNMP
11 12 (3.58%) SSH
11 12 (3.58%) VPN
12 11 (3.28%) IPv6
12 11 (3.28%) Wi-Fi
13 10 (2.99%) Broadband
13 10 (2.99%) IPv4
13 10 (2.99%) Wireless
14 9 (2.69%) BGP
15 8 (2.39%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (9.85%) MySQL
2 32 (9.55%) Relational Database
3 25 (7.46%) MongoDB
4 24 (7.16%) SQL Server
5 19 (5.67%) NoSQL
6 16 (4.78%) PostgreSQL
7 13 (3.88%) Data Warehouse
8 11 (3.28%) Big Data
9 7 (2.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 6 (1.79%) Amazon RDS
10 6 (1.79%) Apache Cassandra
10 6 (1.79%) Power BI
10 6 (1.79%) RDBMS
11 5 (1.49%) Data Lake
11 5 (1.49%) Neo4j
11 5 (1.49%) Parquet
11 5 (1.49%) Snowflake Schema
12 4 (1.19%) Amazon Aurora
13 3 (0.90%) Couchbase
13 3 (0.90%) Flink
Development Applications
1 101 (30.15%) Jenkins
2 74 (22.09%) Git (software)
3 46 (13.73%) JIRA
4 40 (11.94%) JUnit
5 32 (9.55%) Maven
6 23 (6.87%) Cucumber
7 22 (6.57%) Gradle
8 21 (6.27%) Ant
9 18 (5.37%) JMeter
10 17 (5.07%) Selenium
11 15 (4.48%) Gatling
12 14 (4.18%) SonarQube
13 13 (3.88%) Mockito
14 10 (2.99%) Subversion
15 9 (2.69%) git-flow
16 6 (1.79%) Eclipse
16 6 (1.79%) GitLab
16 6 (1.79%) SoapUI
16 6 (1.79%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
16 6 (1.79%) Visual Studio
General
1 47 (14.03%) Public Sector
2 45 (13.43%) Finance
3 26 (7.76%) Marketing
4 20 (5.97%) Telecoms
5 17 (5.07%) Manufacturing
6 16 (4.78%) Electronics
7 12 (3.58%) Banking
8 7 (2.09%) Retail
9 6 (1.79%) Games
10 5 (1.49%) Advertising
10 5 (1.49%) Law
11 4 (1.19%) Investment Banking
11 4 (1.19%) Retail Banking
12 2 (0.60%) Legal
12 2 (0.60%) Publishing
13 1 (0.30%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.30%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 111 (33.13%) Developer
2 50 (14.93%) Java Developer
3 37 (11.04%) DevOps Engineer
4 36 (10.75%) Architect
5 22 (6.57%) AWS Engineer
6 20 (5.97%) AWS DevOps
7 19 (5.67%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 18 (5.37%) Platform Engineer
9 17 (5.07%) Consultant
10 16 (4.78%) Administrator
11 15 (4.48%) Integration Developer
11 15 (4.48%) Software Engineer
12 14 (4.18%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 14 (4.18%) Linux Engineer
13 13 (3.88%) Cloud Engineer
13 13 (3.88%) Senior Developer
14 12 (3.58%) Solutions Architect
15 11 (3.28%) Technical Architect
16 10 (2.99%) Lead Developer
16 10 (2.99%) Lead Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 103 (30.75%) Web Services
2 100 (29.85%) JSON
3 84 (25.07%) REST
4 81 (24.18%) XML
5 78 (23.28%) SOAP
6 77 (22.99%) HTML
6 77 (22.99%) RESTful
7 50 (14.93%) CSS
7 50 (14.93%) Middleware
8 47 (14.03%) Spring
9 33 (9.85%) .NET
10 31 (9.25%) AngularJS
11 29 (8.66%) HTML5
12 25 (7.46%) Spring Boot
13 23 (6.87%) J2EE
13 23 (6.87%) Node.js
14 18 (5.37%) Kafka
14 18 (5.37%) Oracle Fusion
15 17 (5.07%) Sass
16 16 (4.78%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 26 (7.76%) Analytical Skills
2 21 (6.27%) Greenfield Project
3 19 (5.67%) Data Structures
3 19 (5.67%) Mobile App
4 15 (4.48%) Enterprise Software
4 15 (4.48%) Self-Motivation
5 12 (3.58%) Mobile Payment
6 10 (2.99%) User Experience
7 9 (2.69%) Device Driver
7 9 (2.69%) Private Cloud
8 7 (2.09%) Algorithms
8 7 (2.09%) Data Centre
9 6 (1.79%) Management Information System
10 5 (1.49%) Digital TV
10 5 (1.49%) PKI
10 5 (1.49%) STB
11 4 (1.19%) Clustering
11 4 (1.19%) DataPower
11 4 (1.19%) Social Media
11 4 (1.19%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 134 (40.00%) Linux
2 52 (15.52%) Windows
3 30 (8.96%) Unix
4 21 (6.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 14 (4.18%) Windows Server
6 12 (3.58%) Windows Server 2012
7 8 (2.39%) Mac OS X
8 6 (1.79%) Android
8 6 (1.79%) Ubuntu
9 5 (1.49%) Apple iOS
10 4 (1.19%) Windows 10
10 4 (1.19%) Windows 7
11 3 (0.90%) Embedded Linux
12 2 (0.60%) CentOS
12 2 (0.60%) Debian
13 1 (0.30%) Android TV
13 1 (0.30%) Tizen
13 1 (0.30%) webOS
13 1 (0.30%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 119 (35.52%) Agile Software Development
2 70 (20.90%) DevOps
3 61 (18.21%) Open Source
4 59 (17.61%) Microservices
5 56 (16.72%) Test Automation
6 55 (16.42%) Continuous Integration
7 50 (14.93%) Software Engineering
7 50 (14.93%) TDD
8 43 (12.84%) Problem-Solving
9 39 (11.64%) SOA
10 34 (10.15%) Configuration Management
11 33 (9.85%) Scrum
12 32 (9.55%) BDD
13 30 (8.96%) Web Development
14 25 (7.46%) Business Intelligence
14 25 (7.46%) Mentoring
15 23 (6.87%) Kanban
16 22 (6.57%) Security Patching
17 21 (6.27%) Data Modelling
18 20 (5.97%) API Design
Programming Languages
1 121 (36.12%) Java
2 87 (25.97%) Python
3 75 (22.39%) JavaScript
4 46 (13.73%) SQL
5 36 (10.75%) C#
6 23 (6.87%) C
7 22 (6.57%) Perl
8 19 (5.67%) C++
9 18 (5.37%) Bash Shell
10 17 (5.07%) PowerShell
11 16 (4.78%) Java 8
12 15 (4.48%) Kotlin
12 15 (4.48%) Scala
13 14 (4.18%) Groovy
14 13 (3.88%) XPath
15 10 (2.99%) PHP
15 10 (2.99%) Ruby
16 7 (2.09%) Shell Script
16 7 (2.09%) TypeScript
16 7 (2.09%) VB
Qualifications
1 50 (14.93%) Security Cleared
2 46 (13.73%) SC Cleared
3 20 (5.97%) Degree
4 10 (2.99%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (1.79%) CCNP
5 6 (1.79%) Cisco Certification
6 5 (1.49%) DV Cleared
6 5 (1.49%) ITIL Certification
6 5 (1.49%) Microsoft Certification
7 4 (1.19%) CCNA
8 2 (0.60%) CEH
8 2 (0.60%) CISSP
8 2 (0.60%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.60%) GCIA
8 2 (0.60%) GCIH
8 2 (0.60%) GIAC
8 2 (0.60%) GSEC
8 2 (0.60%) ISEB
8 2 (0.60%) ISEB Practitioner
8 2 (0.60%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (11.04%) QA
2 8 (2.39%) WCAG
3 5 (1.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (1.19%) NIST
5 2 (0.60%) HL7
6 1 (0.30%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.30%) GDPR
6 1 (0.30%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.30%) NIST 800
6 1 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.30%) SLA
System Software
1 59 (17.61%) Docker
2 25 (7.46%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (5.37%) Active Directory
4 9 (2.69%) Microsoft App-V
4 9 (2.69%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.90%) VMware ESXi
5 3 (0.90%) VMware NSX
5 3 (0.90%) vSphere
6 2 (0.60%) LXC
6 2 (0.60%) VMware Workstation
6 2 (0.60%) Xen
7 1 (0.30%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.30%) OpenAM
7 1 (0.30%) oVirt
7 1 (0.30%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 61 (18.21%) Kubernetes
2 47 (14.03%) Ansible
3 44 (13.13%) Puppet
4 22 (6.57%) Opscode Chef
5 21 (6.27%) Terraform
6 13 (3.88%) Grafana
7 11 (3.28%) Kibana
8 10 (2.99%) SCCM
9 8 (2.39%) Salt
9 8 (2.39%) Single Sign-On
10 5 (1.49%) OpenView Configuration Management
11 4 (1.19%) vRealize
11 4 (1.19%) WSUS
12 3 (0.90%) Docker Swarm
12 3 (0.90%) Forum Sentry
12 3 (0.90%) HP ALM
12 3 (0.90%) HP Fortify
12 3 (0.90%) SCOM
12 3 (0.90%) vCenter Server
12 3 (0.90%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 49 (14.63%) Oracle
2 42 (12.54%) Microsoft
3 38 (11.34%) Red Hat
4 30 (8.96%) VMware
5 24 (7.16%) Google
6 21 (6.27%) SAP
7 18 (5.37%) MuleSoft
8 16 (4.78%) WSO2
9 14 (4.18%) Atlassian
10 13 (3.88%) TIBCO
11 12 (3.58%) Dell
12 11 (3.28%) ArcSight
12 11 (3.28%) Cisco
12 11 (3.28%) IBM
13 10 (2.99%) Fiorano
13 10 (2.99%) Infoblox
13 10 (2.99%) Jitterbit
13 10 (2.99%) Qualys
13 10 (2.99%) Talend
13 10 (2.99%) webMethods