Period
to 24 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 24 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 29 34 39
Rank change year-on-year +5 +5 +1
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 464 255 579
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 7.81% 7.07% 5.79%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 8.28% 7.50% 6.16%
Number of salaries quoted 404 212 510
10th Percentile £43,225 £47,625 £42,500
25th Percentile £50,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year -3.57% +3.70% +8.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,000
90th Percentile £103,750 £92,500 £93,920
Central London median annual salary £67,500 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year -3.57% +7.69% +4.00%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,605 3,400 9,399
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 94.39% 94.26% 93.95%
Number of salaries quoted 4,999 2,997 8,275
10th Percentile £43,250 £45,000 £38,250
25th Percentile £55,000 £54,027 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £91,250 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £101,250 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Salary trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 251 (54.09%) QA
2 239 (51.51%) Agile Software Development
3 173 (37.28%) Java
4 160 (34.48%) Selenium
5 156 (33.62%) C#
6 147 (31.68%) Finance
7 133 (28.66%) DevOps
8 132 (28.45%) Azure
9 128 (27.59%) Python
10 127 (27.37%) JavaScript
11 112 (24.14%) Microservices
12 105 (22.63%) SQL
12 105 (22.63%) Social Skills
13 101 (21.77%) AWS
14 100 (21.55%) Jenkins
15 97 (20.91%) JIRA
16 81 (17.46%) SQL Server
16 81 (17.46%) Kubernetes
17 80 (17.24%) API Testing
17 80 (17.24%) Docker
17 80 (17.24%) Cucumber
18 79 (17.03%) Test Strategy
19 78 (16.81%) REST
19 78 (16.81%) Software Testing
20 77 (16.59%) Software Engineering
20 77 (16.59%) Continuous Integration
21 74 (15.95%) Manual Testing
22 73 (15.73%) SDET
23 71 (15.30%) Postman
24 70 (15.09%) Degree

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 62 (13.36%) Confluence
2 22 (4.74%) SharePoint
3 8 (1.72%) Apache Spark
3 8 (1.72%) SAS
4 5 (1.08%) Apache
5 3 (0.65%) Apache Airflow
5 3 (0.65%) Oracle Coherence
6 2 (0.43%) Drupal
6 2 (0.43%) MS Exchange
6 2 (0.43%) Red Hat Fuse
7 1 (0.22%) Cloud Foundry
7 1 (0.22%) GlassFish
7 1 (0.22%) JBoss
7 1 (0.22%) OpenStack
7 1 (0.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 1 (0.22%) WebSphere
Applications
1 8 (1.72%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.43%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.43%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.22%) Mingle
3 1 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.22%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 5 (1.08%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.86%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 3 (0.65%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.22%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
Cloud Services
1 132 (28.45%) Azure
2 101 (21.77%) AWS
3 69 (14.87%) Serverless
4 59 (12.72%) GCP
5 22 (4.74%) SaaS
6 20 (4.31%) PaaS
7 12 (2.59%) Azure Service Bus
8 11 (2.37%) Azure Key Vault
8 11 (2.37%) Bitrise
9 10 (2.16%) Azure App Service
9 10 (2.16%) Power Platform
10 9 (1.94%) GitHub
11 8 (1.72%) Lucidchart
11 8 (1.72%) Microsoft 365
12 7 (1.51%) Snowflake
13 6 (1.29%) Azure Service Fabric
13 6 (1.29%) Azure Storage
14 5 (1.08%) AWS Lambda
14 5 (1.08%) Azure Active Directory
15 4 (0.86%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 13 (2.80%) HTTP
2 12 (2.59%) Internet
3 3 (0.65%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (17.46%) SQL Server
2 61 (13.15%) MongoDB
2 61 (13.15%) NoSQL
2 61 (13.15%) Relational Database
3 56 (12.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 55 (11.85%) PostgreSQL
5 21 (4.53%) Data Warehouse
6 17 (3.66%) Blockchain
7 16 (3.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 13 (2.80%) Big Data
9 12 (2.59%) Data Lake
10 9 (1.94%) Apache Cassandra
10 9 (1.94%) Azure SQL Database
10 9 (1.94%) Hadoop
11 8 (1.72%) MySQL
11 8 (1.72%) Power BI
12 7 (1.51%) Oracle Database
13 5 (1.08%) KDB
14 4 (0.86%) Amazon RDS
14 4 (0.86%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 160 (34.48%) Selenium
2 100 (21.55%) Jenkins
3 97 (20.91%) JIRA
4 80 (17.24%) Cucumber
5 71 (15.30%) Postman
6 69 (14.87%) Git (software)
7 54 (11.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 51 (10.99%) SonarQube
9 48 (10.34%) Cypress.io
10 39 (8.41%) WebDriver
11 31 (6.68%) SpecFlow
12 29 (6.25%) Team Foundation Server
13 28 (6.03%) JMeter
14 25 (5.39%) TeamCity
15 21 (4.53%) REST Assured
16 17 (3.66%) GitLab
16 17 (3.66%) JUnit
17 16 (3.45%) Visual Studio Team System
18 12 (2.59%) Ranorex
19 11 (2.37%) SoapUI
General
1 147 (31.68%) Finance
2 105 (22.63%) Social Skills
3 45 (9.70%) Presentation Skills
4 43 (9.27%) Influencing Skills
5 38 (8.19%) Retail
6 20 (4.31%) Games
7 19 (4.09%) Banking
8 17 (3.66%) Law
9 16 (3.45%) Advertising
9 16 (3.45%) Analytical Skills
10 12 (2.59%) Electronics
10 12 (2.59%) Legal
11 10 (2.16%) Front Office
12 9 (1.94%) Publishing
13 6 (1.29%) Public Sector
14 4 (0.86%) Marketing
15 3 (0.65%) Back Office
15 3 (0.65%) Documentation Skills
16 2 (0.43%) Organisational Skills
16 2 (0.43%) Public Speaking
Job Titles
1 88 (18.97%) Developer
2 72 (15.52%) QA Engineer
3 51 (10.99%) Technical Leader
4 50 (10.78%) Automation Engineer
5 49 (10.56%) QA Automation Engineer
6 46 (9.91%) Test Engineer
7 44 (9.48%) Tester
8 39 (8.41%) Analyst
9 28 (6.03%) Test Analyst
10 19 (4.09%) Automation Test Analyst
10 19 (4.09%) QA Tester
10 19 (4.09%) Test Automation Engineer
11 18 (3.88%) Senior Developer
11 18 (3.88%) Senior Tester
12 17 (3.66%) Lead Developer
13 16 (3.45%) Java Developer
14 15 (3.23%) Senior Test Engineer
14 15 (3.23%) Software Developer
15 14 (3.02%) Senior Analyst
15 14 (3.02%) Senior Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 78 (16.81%) REST
2 65 (14.01%) Node.js
3 56 (12.07%) .NET
4 44 (9.48%) Gherkin
4 44 (9.48%) OAuth
4 44 (9.48%) OAuth2
5 43 (9.27%) OpenID
6 35 (7.54%) CSS
6 35 (7.54%) React
7 34 (7.33%) Web Services
8 28 (6.03%) SOAP
9 26 (5.60%) .NET Framework
9 26 (5.60%) AngularJS
10 25 (5.39%) .NET Core
10 25 (5.39%) RESTful
11 24 (5.17%) ASP.NET Web API
11 24 (5.17%) Entity Framework
12 22 (4.74%) jQuery
13 21 (4.53%) HTML
13 21 (4.53%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 44 (9.48%) Mobile App
2 25 (5.39%) Self-Motivation
2 25 (5.39%) User Experience
3 19 (4.09%) N-Tier
4 16 (3.45%) Derivative
5 12 (2.59%) Internet of Things
6 10 (2.16%) OTC Derivatives
7 9 (1.94%) Greenfield Project
8 6 (1.29%) Cloud Native
8 6 (1.29%) Video\Live Streaming
9 5 (1.08%) Algorithms
9 5 (1.08%) Client/Server
9 5 (1.08%) Data Structures
9 5 (1.08%) Fixed Income
9 5 (1.08%) SWIFT
9 5 (1.08%) Video on Demand
10 4 (0.86%) Online Games
10 4 (0.86%) Virtual Team
11 3 (0.65%) Enterprise Software
11 3 (0.65%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 32 (6.90%) Apple iOS
2 31 (6.68%) Android
3 27 (5.82%) Windows
4 23 (4.96%) Linux
5 16 (3.45%) Unix
6 4 (0.86%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.22%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 239 (51.51%) Agile Software Development
2 133 (28.66%) DevOps
3 112 (24.14%) Microservices
4 80 (17.24%) API Testing
5 79 (17.03%) Test Strategy
6 78 (16.81%) Software Testing
7 77 (16.59%) Continuous Integration
7 77 (16.59%) Software Engineering
8 74 (15.95%) Manual Testing
9 73 (15.73%) SDET
10 69 (14.87%) UML
11 59 (12.72%) Mentoring
12 58 (12.50%) BDD
13 54 (11.64%) Event-Driven
13 54 (11.64%) Event-Driven Architecture
14 52 (11.21%) Technical Leadership
15 50 (10.78%) Code Coverage
15 50 (10.78%) Data Privacy
15 50 (10.78%) Process Management
16 48 (10.34%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 173 (37.28%) Java
2 156 (33.62%) C#
3 128 (27.59%) Python
4 127 (27.37%) JavaScript
5 105 (22.63%) SQL
6 49 (10.56%) C++
7 26 (5.60%) PowerShell
8 20 (4.31%) C
9 14 (3.02%) Kotlin
9 14 (3.02%) T-SQL
9 14 (3.02%) TypeScript
10 12 (2.59%) Apple Swift
11 5 (1.08%) Ruby
12 4 (0.86%) Bash Shell
12 4 (0.86%) Go
12 4 (0.86%) Objective-C
12 4 (0.86%) PHP
12 4 (0.86%) Shell Script
13 3 (0.65%) Scala
13 3 (0.65%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 70 (15.09%) Degree
2 50 (10.78%) Master's Degree
3 17 (3.66%) ISTQB
4 11 (2.37%) Computer Science Degree
5 9 (1.94%) ISEB
6 6 (1.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 4 (0.86%) DBS Check
7 4 (0.86%) SC Cleared
7 4 (0.86%) Security Cleared
8 3 (0.65%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 2 (0.43%) ITIL Certification
10 1 (0.22%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.22%) CSPO
10 1 (0.22%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 1 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.22%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 251 (54.09%) QA
2 43 (9.27%) GDPR
3 16 (3.45%) Accessibility
4 6 (1.29%) WCAG
5 3 (0.65%) PMO
6 2 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.43%) SLA
7 1 (0.22%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.22%) ISO 9000
System Software
1 80 (17.24%) Docker
2 1 (0.22%) Active Directory
2 1 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 1 (0.22%) Hyper-V
2 1 (0.22%) ISA Server
Systems Management
1 81 (17.46%) Kubernetes
2 27 (5.82%) Terraform
3 16 (3.45%) Opscode Chef
4 7 (1.51%) HP Quality Center
5 4 (0.86%) Puppet
6 3 (0.65%) Ansible
7 2 (0.43%) Consul
7 2 (0.43%) Packer
8 1 (0.22%) Automic
8 1 (0.22%) Grafana
8 1 (0.22%) Mesos
8 1 (0.22%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 64 (13.79%) Oracle
2 24 (5.17%) Microsoft
3 16 (3.45%) Xamarin
4 6 (1.29%) Dynatrace
4 6 (1.29%) Nintex
5 5 (1.08%) Databricks
6 4 (0.86%) Greenplum
6 4 (0.86%) HP
6 4 (0.86%) Sparx
7 3 (0.65%) AppDynamics
7 3 (0.65%) Apple
7 3 (0.65%) Google
7 3 (0.65%) Solace
7 3 (0.65%) SolarWinds
8 2 (0.43%) IBM
8 2 (0.43%) Salesforce.com
9 1 (0.22%) Actuate
9 1 (0.22%) Cognos
9 1 (0.22%) Informatica
9 1 (0.22%) Netezza