Period
to 4 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 4 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
4 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 99 135 170
Rank change year-on-year +36 +35 +24
Contract jobs citing VPN 20 85 91
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 1.00% 1.47% 1.28%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 7.84% 13.71% 11.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 18 69 70
Median daily rate £500 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -2.86%
10th Percentile £284 £240 £157
90th Percentile £675 £625 £626
Central London median daily rate £525 £444 £415
% change year-on-year +18.31% +6.93% +10.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 5
Median hourly rate - £13.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -40.91% +21.55%
Central London median hourly rate - £13.00 £22.00
% change year-on-year - -40.91% +21.55%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 255 620 766
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 12.73% 10.74% 10.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 191 463 596
Median daily rate £500 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -5.56%
10th Percentile £238 £200 £158
90th Percentile £638 £655 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 11 31
Median hourly rate £23.00 £19.50 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.95% +4.28% +10.00%
10th Percentile £22.70 £14.00 £13.00
90th Percentile £52.35 £27.00 £25.50
Median hourly rate £30.25 £20.00 £18.76
% change year-on-year +51.25% +6.61% +13.70%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in the City of London over the 6 months to 4 December 2020.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in the City of London

For the 6 months to 4 December 2020, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 11 (55.00%) Firewall
2 9 (45.00%) Windows
3 8 (40.00%) WAN
3 8 (40.00%) Cisco
3 8 (40.00%) Microsoft
3 8 (40.00%) Active Directory
3 8 (40.00%) Finance
4 7 (35.00%) LAN
4 7 (35.00%) Azure
4 7 (35.00%) AWS
5 6 (30.00%) Windows Server
6 5 (25.00%) Cisco Certification
6 5 (25.00%) ITIL
6 5 (25.00%) VMware
6 5 (25.00%) Content Management
6 5 (25.00%) Palo Alto
6 5 (25.00%) DevOps
6 5 (25.00%) SolarWinds
6 5 (25.00%) SIEM
7 4 (20.00%) Office 365
7 4 (20.00%) Cybersecurity
7 4 (20.00%) Microservices
7 4 (20.00%) Windows 10
7 4 (20.00%) Problem-Solving
7 4 (20.00%) Banking
7 4 (20.00%) Penetration Testing
7 4 (20.00%) Wireless
7 4 (20.00%) Information Security
7 4 (20.00%) Investment Banking
7 4 (20.00%) SCCM

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2 (10.00%) SharePoint
Applications
1 2 (10.00%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (5.00%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (5.00%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Cloud Services
1 7 (35.00%) AWS
1 7 (35.00%) Azure
2 4 (20.00%) Office 365
3 2 (10.00%) Amazon EC2
3 2 (10.00%) Amazon S3
3 2 (10.00%) Azure Active Directory
3 2 (10.00%) Azure ExpressRoute
3 2 (10.00%) Azure Stack
3 2 (10.00%) Cloud Computing
3 2 (10.00%) iPaaS
3 2 (10.00%) Power Automate
3 2 (10.00%) SaaS
4 1 (5.00%) Amazon CloudWatch
4 1 (5.00%) Amazon EKS
4 1 (5.00%) AWS CloudFormation
4 1 (5.00%) GCP
4 1 (5.00%) Route 53
4 1 (5.00%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 11 (55.00%) Firewall
2 8 (40.00%) WAN
3 7 (35.00%) LAN
4 4 (20.00%) Cisco ASA
4 4 (20.00%) Wireless
5 3 (15.00%) BGP
5 3 (15.00%) SSL
5 3 (15.00%) Wi-Fi
5 3 (15.00%) Wireshark
6 2 (10.00%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
6 2 (10.00%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
6 2 (10.00%) IPsec
6 2 (10.00%) MPLS
6 2 (10.00%) Network Security
6 2 (10.00%) OSPF
7 1 (5.00%) DMVPN
7 1 (5.00%) Multicast
7 1 (5.00%) NX-OS
7 1 (5.00%) Spanning Tree
7 1 (5.00%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1 (5.00%) Data Warehouse
1 1 (5.00%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 1 (5.00%) Jenkins
1 1 (5.00%) JIRA
General
1 8 (40.00%) Finance
2 4 (20.00%) Banking
2 4 (20.00%) Investment Banking
3 1 (5.00%) Manufacturing
3 1 (5.00%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 6 (30.00%) Analyst
2 4 (20.00%) Architect
2 4 (20.00%) Network Engineer
3 3 (15.00%) Information Analyst
3 3 (15.00%) Information Security Analyst
3 3 (15.00%) Security Analyst
3 3 (15.00%) Support Analyst
4 2 (10.00%) Azure Architect
4 2 (10.00%) Floorwalker
4 2 (10.00%) Infrastructure Analyst
4 2 (10.00%) Infrastructure Support
4 2 (10.00%) Infrastructure Support Analyst
4 2 (10.00%) Solutions Architect
4 2 (10.00%) Support Engineer
4 2 (10.00%) Windows Support Analyst
5 1 (5.00%) DevOps Engineer
5 1 (5.00%) Information Officer
5 1 (5.00%) Information Risk Analyst
5 1 (5.00%) Network Systems Engineer
5 1 (5.00%) Service Desk Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2 (10.00%) Middleware
1 2 (10.00%) REST
1 2 (10.00%) Web Services
1 2 (10.00%) YAML
2 1 (5.00%) FIX Protocol
Miscellaneous
1 3 (15.00%) Cyber Kill Chain
2 2 (10.00%) Analytical Skills
2 2 (10.00%) Data Centre
2 2 (10.00%) Management Information System
2 2 (10.00%) Robotics
2 2 (10.00%) User Experience
3 1 (5.00%) Cyberthreat
3 1 (5.00%) LIMS
3 1 (5.00%) PKI
3 1 (5.00%) Self-Motivation
3 1 (5.00%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 9 (45.00%) Windows
2 6 (30.00%) Windows Server
3 4 (20.00%) Windows 10
4 3 (15.00%) Linux
4 3 (15.00%) Solaris
4 3 (15.00%) Unix
4 3 (15.00%) Windows XP
5 1 (5.00%) Apple iOS
5 1 (5.00%) Windows 7
5 1 (5.00%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 5 (25.00%) Content Management
1 5 (25.00%) DevOps
1 5 (25.00%) ITIL
1 5 (25.00%) SIEM
2 4 (20.00%) Cybersecurity
2 4 (20.00%) Information Security
2 4 (20.00%) Microservices
2 4 (20.00%) Penetration Testing
2 4 (20.00%) Problem-Solving
3 3 (15.00%) Agile Software Development
3 3 (15.00%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
3 3 (15.00%) Investment Management
3 3 (15.00%) Remediation Plan
3 3 (15.00%) Risk Assessment
3 3 (15.00%) Security Monitoring
3 3 (15.00%) Threat Intelligence
3 3 (15.00%) Threat Modelling
3 3 (15.00%) Use Case
3 3 (15.00%) Vulnerability Assessment
3 3 (15.00%) Vulnerability Management
Programming Languages
1 4 (20.00%) Python
2 1 (5.00%) Bash Shell
2 1 (5.00%) Groovy
2 1 (5.00%) PHP
2 1 (5.00%) PowerShell
2 1 (5.00%) R
2 1 (5.00%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 5 (25.00%) Cisco Certification
2 4 (20.00%) MCSE
2 4 (20.00%) Microsoft Certification
3 3 (15.00%) (ISC)2 CCSP
3 3 (15.00%) CCSP
3 3 (15.00%) CISM
3 3 (15.00%) CISSP
4 2 (10.00%) CCNP
4 2 (10.00%) CREST Certified
4 2 (10.00%) Degree
4 2 (10.00%) GCFA
4 2 (10.00%) GCIA
4 2 (10.00%) GCIH
4 2 (10.00%) SC Cleared
4 2 (10.00%) Security Cleared
5 1 (5.00%) CCIE
5 1 (5.00%) CISA
5 1 (5.00%) ITIL Certification
5 1 (5.00%) MCITP
5 1 (5.00%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (15.00%) COBIT
1 3 (15.00%) NIST
1 3 (15.00%) QA
System Software
1 8 (40.00%) Active Directory
2 2 (10.00%) VMware ESXi
3 1 (5.00%) Docker
3 1 (5.00%) Virtual Desktop
3 1 (5.00%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 4 (20.00%) SCCM
2 3 (15.00%) Kubernetes
3 2 (10.00%) Cisco Prime
3 2 (10.00%) CSIRT
3 2 (10.00%) Terraform
4 1 (5.00%) Ansible
4 1 (5.00%) Cisco CUCM
4 1 (5.00%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 8 (40.00%) Cisco
1 8 (40.00%) Microsoft
2 5 (25.00%) Palo Alto
2 5 (25.00%) SolarWinds
2 5 (25.00%) VMware
3 3 (15.00%) Citrix
3 3 (15.00%) F5
3 3 (15.00%) HP
4 2 (10.00%) CheckPoint
4 2 (10.00%) Dell
4 2 (10.00%) EMC
4 2 (10.00%) Ivanti
4 2 (10.00%) Meraki
5 1 (5.00%) Blue Coat
5 1 (5.00%) ExtraHop
5 1 (5.00%) Fortinet
5 1 (5.00%) Google
5 1 (5.00%) Juniper
5 1 (5.00%) Riverbed
5 1 (5.00%) ServiceNow