Period
to 21 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 21 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 180 192 180
Rank change year-on-year +12 -12 +2
Contract jobs citing VPN 73 58 69
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.05% 0.85% 1.04%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.38% 8.10% 7.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 55 37 52
City of London median daily rate £425 £425 £498
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -14.57% +10.56%
10th Percentile £160 £183 £333
90th Percentile £625 £543 £598
Central London median daily rate £408 £425 £475
% change year-on-year -4.12% -10.53% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 3 2
City of London median hourly rate £19.35 £18.10 £19.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.91% -8.35% +16.18%
10th Percentile £18.83 £17.80 £16.83
90th Percentile £19.87 £20.80 £21.68
Central London median hourly rate £19.35 £18.10 £19.75
% change year-on-year +6.91% -8.35% +16.18%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 778 716 967
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 11.23% 10.44% 14.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 607 557 746
City of London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £164 £212 £288
90th Percentile £638 £638 £588
Central London median daily rate £435 £450 £450
% change year-on-year -3.33% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 14 12
City of London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.94% -10.53% +5.67%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.91 £11.50
90th Percentile £25.50 £29.18 £24.33
Central London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.00 £18.73
% change year-on-year +2.94% -9.21% +4.14%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing VPN in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for VPN in the City of London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for VPN in the City of London

For the 6 months to 21 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 41 (56.16%) Firewall
2 38 (52.05%) WAN
3 35 (47.95%) Windows
4 34 (46.58%) Cisco
5 30 (41.10%) LAN
6 26 (35.62%) Active Directory
7 25 (34.25%) MPLS
8 24 (32.88%) Microsoft
9 20 (27.40%) Microsoft Azure
10 19 (26.03%) DHCP
10 19 (26.03%) VMware
11 18 (24.66%) Finance
11 18 (24.66%) DNS
11 18 (24.66%) Amazon AWS
12 17 (23.29%) VMware Infrastructure
13 16 (21.92%) Windows Server
13 16 (21.92%) BGP
13 16 (21.92%) OSPF
13 16 (21.92%) TCP/IP
14 15 (20.55%) Citrix
14 15 (20.55%) Cisco Certification
14 15 (20.55%) Wireless
14 15 (20.55%) Office 365
15 14 (19.18%) Skype
16 13 (17.81%) PowerShell
16 13 (17.81%) SCCM
16 13 (17.81%) Windows 7
16 13 (17.81%) IPsec
16 13 (17.81%) Migration
17 12 (16.44%) CCNP

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (12.33%) MS Exchange
2 8 (10.96%) Skype for Business
3 4 (5.48%) Exchange Server 2010
4 3 (4.11%) Exchange Server 2013
4 3 (4.11%) SharePoint
5 2 (2.74%) nginx
6 1 (1.37%) Apache
6 1 (1.37%) Elasticsearch
6 1 (1.37%) Exchange Server 2003
6 1 (1.37%) Exchange Server 2007
6 1 (1.37%) IIS
6 1 (1.37%) SharePoint 2013
6 1 (1.37%) WebSphere
Applications
1 12 (16.44%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (4.11%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (4.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 1 (1.37%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 20 (27.40%) Microsoft Azure
2 18 (24.66%) Amazon AWS
3 15 (20.55%) Office 365
4 6 (8.22%) Google Cloud Platform
5 4 (5.48%) PaaS
6 3 (4.11%) AWS CloudFormation
6 3 (4.11%) Dynamics 365
6 3 (4.11%) IaaS
7 2 (2.74%) Amazon EC2
7 2 (2.74%) SaaS
7 2 (2.74%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 1 (1.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 1 (1.37%) Amazon ELB
8 1 (1.37%) Amazon S3
8 1 (1.37%) AWS CloudTrail
8 1 (1.37%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
8 1 (1.37%) Azure Active Directory
8 1 (1.37%) CloudFront
8 1 (1.37%) G Suite
8 1 (1.37%) Mimecast
Communications & Networking
1 41 (56.16%) Firewall
2 38 (52.05%) WAN
3 30 (41.10%) LAN
4 25 (34.25%) MPLS
5 19 (26.03%) DHCP
6 18 (24.66%) DNS
7 16 (21.92%) BGP
7 16 (21.92%) OSPF
7 16 (21.92%) TCP/IP
8 15 (20.55%) Wireless
9 14 (19.18%) Skype
10 13 (17.81%) IPsec
11 11 (15.07%) WLAN
12 10 (13.70%) Cisco Nexus
12 10 (13.70%) Network Security
13 9 (12.33%) Cisco ASA
13 9 (12.33%) Ethernet
14 8 (10.96%) SSL
14 8 (10.96%) VLAN
15 7 (9.59%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2 (2.74%) MySQL
2 1 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 1 (1.37%) Amazon RDS
2 1 (1.37%) Big Data
2 1 (1.37%) Data Warehouse
2 1 (1.37%) DataStage
2 1 (1.37%) DB2
2 1 (1.37%) IBM InfoSphere
2 1 (1.37%) NoSQL
2 1 (1.37%) phpMyAdmin
2 1 (1.37%) PostgreSQL
2 1 (1.37%) Redis
2 1 (1.37%) SQL Server
2 1 (1.37%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 3 (4.11%) AdminStudio
1 3 (4.11%) Git (software)
2 2 (2.74%) Jenkins
2 2 (2.74%) Sonatype Nexus
2 2 (2.74%) Subversion
3 1 (1.37%) Ant
3 1 (1.37%) Apache Ivy
3 1 (1.37%) Gradle
3 1 (1.37%) JIRA
3 1 (1.37%) Robot Framework
3 1 (1.37%) TortoiseSVN
General
1 18 (24.66%) Finance
2 5 (6.85%) Financial Institution
3 4 (5.48%) Telecoms
4 3 (4.11%) Back Office
4 3 (4.11%) Billing
4 3 (4.11%) Legal
5 2 (2.74%) Retail
6 1 (1.37%) Advertising
6 1 (1.37%) German Language
6 1 (1.37%) Italian Language
6 1 (1.37%) Law
6 1 (1.37%) Portuguese Language
Job Titles
1 18 (24.66%) Network Engineer
2 10 (13.70%) Support Engineer
3 9 (12.33%) Architect
4 8 (10.96%) Network Architect
5 7 (9.59%) Desktop Support
5 7 (9.59%) IT Support
6 6 (8.22%) Analyst
6 6 (8.22%) Desktop Engineer
6 6 (8.22%) IT Engineer
7 5 (6.85%) Cisco Engineer
7 5 (6.85%) Cisco Network Engineer
7 5 (6.85%) Desktop Support Engineer
7 5 (6.85%) IT Support Engineer
7 5 (6.85%) Security Engineer
7 5 (6.85%) Support Analyst
8 4 (5.48%) DevOps Engineer
8 4 (5.48%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 4 (5.48%) IT Manager
8 4 (5.48%) Project Manager
9 3 (4.11%) Citrix Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5 (6.85%) 802.1X
2 4 (5.48%) XMPP
3 3 (4.11%) JSON
4 2 (2.74%) .NET
4 2 (2.74%) Web Services
4 2 (2.74%) XML
5 1 (1.37%) boto
5 1 (1.37%) Elastic Stack
5 1 (1.37%) Gearman
5 1 (1.37%) LAMP
5 1 (1.37%) LDAP
5 1 (1.37%) LEMP Stack
5 1 (1.37%) Middleware
5 1 (1.37%) OAuth
5 1 (1.37%) OpenID
5 1 (1.37%) SAML
5 1 (1.37%) SOAP
5 1 (1.37%) Software Packaging
5 1 (1.37%) WebSphere MQ
5 1 (1.37%) XML-RPC
Miscellaneous
1 8 (10.96%) Data Centre
2 5 (6.85%) Blackberry
3 4 (5.48%) Smartphone
4 3 (4.11%) Cyberthreat
4 3 (4.11%) RSA SecurID
5 2 (2.74%) Computer Science
5 2 (2.74%) Handset
5 2 (2.74%) iPad
5 2 (2.74%) Linux Command Line
5 2 (2.74%) Management Information System
5 2 (2.74%) Reinsurance
5 2 (2.74%) Replication
6 1 (1.37%) Equities
6 1 (1.37%) Fat Client
6 1 (1.37%) Fixed Income
6 1 (1.37%) iSeries
6 1 (1.37%) Mainframe
6 1 (1.37%) PKI
6 1 (1.37%) Thin Client
6 1 (1.37%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 35 (47.95%) Windows
2 16 (21.92%) Windows Server
3 13 (17.81%) Windows 7
4 11 (15.07%) Windows 10
5 9 (12.33%) Linux
5 9 (12.33%) Unix
6 7 (9.59%) Mac OS
6 7 (9.59%) Windows Server 2008
6 7 (9.59%) Windows Server 2012
7 4 (5.48%) Android
7 4 (5.48%) Apple iOS
7 4 (5.48%) Windows XP
8 2 (2.74%) CentOS
8 2 (2.74%) Mac OS X
8 2 (2.74%) Windows Server 2003
9 1 (1.37%) HPUX
9 1 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (1.37%) Solaris
9 1 (1.37%) Windows 8
9 1 (1.37%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 13 (17.81%) Migration
2 9 (12.33%) ITIL
3 8 (10.96%) DevOps
3 8 (10.96%) WAN Optimisation
4 7 (9.59%) DNA
4 7 (9.59%) Network Architecture
5 6 (8.22%) Disaster Recovery
5 6 (8.22%) Investment Management
6 5 (6.85%) Information Security
6 5 (6.85%) Network Design
6 5 (6.85%) Vulnerability Scanning
7 4 (5.48%) Application Packaging
7 4 (5.48%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 4 (5.48%) Kalman Filter
7 4 (5.48%) Network Management
7 4 (5.48%) Project Management
7 4 (5.48%) Root Cause Analysis
8 3 (4.11%) Network Virtualisation
8 3 (4.11%) Task Automation
8 3 (4.11%) Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 13 (17.81%) PowerShell
2 9 (12.33%) Python
3 6 (8.22%) SQL
4 4 (5.48%) Bash Shell
4 4 (5.48%) Perl
5 3 (4.11%) JavaScript
5 3 (4.11%) VBA
5 3 (4.11%) VBScript
6 2 (2.74%) PHP
7 1 (1.37%) Bourne shell
7 1 (1.37%) C
7 1 (1.37%) Java
7 1 (1.37%) Ruby
7 1 (1.37%) Shell Script
7 1 (1.37%) XPath
Qualifications
1 15 (20.55%) Cisco Certification
2 12 (16.44%) CCNP
3 8 (10.96%) CCNA
4 5 (6.85%) Microsoft Certification
4 5 (6.85%) SC Cleared
4 5 (6.85%) Security Cleared
5 4 (5.48%) CISSP
5 4 (5.48%) MCSE
6 3 (4.11%) AWS Certification
6 3 (4.11%) CISA
7 2 (2.74%) CCIE
7 2 (2.74%) CCSE
7 2 (2.74%) CCSM
7 2 (2.74%) CISM
7 2 (2.74%) CISMP
7 2 (2.74%) Degree
7 2 (2.74%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
7 2 (2.74%) ISSMP
7 2 (2.74%) ITIL Certification
7 2 (2.74%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (8.22%) SLA
2 3 (4.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (2.74%) GDPR
4 1 (1.37%) FedRAMP
4 1 (1.37%) HIPAA
4 1 (1.37%) PCI DSS
4 1 (1.37%) QA
4 1 (1.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 26 (35.62%) Active Directory
2 17 (23.29%) VMware Infrastructure
3 6 (8.22%) BitLocker
4 5 (6.85%) VMware ESXi
4 5 (6.85%) vSphere
5 4 (5.48%) Virtual Desktop
6 3 (4.11%) Microsoft App-V
6 3 (4.11%) VMware Workstation
6 3 (4.11%) Xen
6 3 (4.11%) XenApp
6 3 (4.11%) XenDesktop
7 2 (2.74%) Docker
7 2 (2.74%) Hyper-V
7 2 (2.74%) Terminal Services
7 2 (2.74%) VirtualBox
8 1 (1.37%) KVM
8 1 (1.37%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 13 (17.81%) SCCM
2 7 (9.59%) Ansible
3 6 (8.22%) AirWatch
3 6 (8.22%) Cisco CUCM
4 5 (6.85%) Terraform
5 3 (4.11%) Cacti
5 3 (4.11%) Kubernetes
5 3 (4.11%) Nagios
5 3 (4.11%) Opscode Chef
5 3 (4.11%) Puppet
6 2 (2.74%) Rundeck
6 2 (2.74%) SCOM
6 2 (2.74%) Single Sign-On
6 2 (2.74%) ZABBIX
7 1 (1.37%) CASB
7 1 (1.37%) collectd
7 1 (1.37%) Graphite
7 1 (1.37%) logstash
7 1 (1.37%) Observium
7 1 (1.37%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 34 (46.58%) Cisco
2 24 (32.88%) Microsoft
3 19 (26.03%) VMware
4 15 (20.55%) Citrix
5 12 (16.44%) SolarWinds
6 10 (13.70%) Polycom
7 8 (10.96%) Juniper
8 7 (9.59%) CheckPoint
8 7 (9.59%) F5
8 7 (9.59%) Oracle
9 6 (8.22%) Google
9 6 (8.22%) HP
9 6 (8.22%) Palo Alto
9 6 (8.22%) ServiceNow
10 5 (6.85%) Dell
10 5 (6.85%) Ivanti
10 5 (6.85%) Meraki
11 4 (5.48%) Apple
11 4 (5.48%) Riverbed
12 3 (4.11%) Red Hat