The table below looks at the statistics for WAN skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited WAN over the 3 months to 25 June 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
25 Jun 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Wide Area Network (WAN)
Rank 102 97 137
Rank change year-on-year
-5 +40
Contract jobs citing WAN 1180 1220 882
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 2.22% 2.18% 1.63%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 13.75% 15.09% 12.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 715 730 510
Median daily rate £400 £350 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+14.28% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £227 £194 £175
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £525 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £328
% change year-on-year
+7.14% +6.87%
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 70 71
Median hourly rate £21.50 £21.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+2.38% +20.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £12.10 £13.50 £11.25
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.83 £42.50 £35.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £22.75 £17.50
% change year-on-year
-5.49% +30.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Communications & Networking category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Communications & Networking Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Communications & Networking category
8583 8083 7308
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 16.18% 14.43% 13.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 5212 4558 3902
Median daily rate £390 £360 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+8.33% +2.85%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £240 £213 £200
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £500 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £365 £340 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.35% +4.61%
Number of hourly rates quoted 419 478 409
Median hourly rate £28.50 £23.50 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+21.27% +23.68%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £12.90 £13.00 £11.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.83 £45.00 £40.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £31.50 £25.33 £18.00
% change year-on-year
+24.35% +40.72%

WAN
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing WAN as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Communications & Networking category.

WAN Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

WAN
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing WAN within the UK.

WAN Daily Rate Trend in the UK

WAN
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing WAN within the UK over the 3 months to 25 June 2016.

WAN Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

WAN
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing WAN within the UK.

WAN Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

WAN
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing WAN within the UK over the 3 months to 25 June 2016.

WAN Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

WAN
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WAN within the UK over the 3 months to 25 June 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 1094 £400 +14.28% 277
London -35 354 £450 +20.00% 89
South East -1 238 £375 -5.66% 62
South West +33 109 £350 +16.66% 17
West Midlands -7 92 £344 +6.51% 28
North West -10 78 £375 - 27
City of London +4 76 £475 +11.76% 17
East of England +17 71 £413 +26.92% 21
Hampshire +2 64 £375 -1.63% 22
Berkshire -10 64 £350 -11.94% 11
Scotland +12 62 £375 +35.13% 6
North East -12 56 £350 +0.72% 3
Tyne and Wear -14 56 £350 +1.90% 3
Newcastle upon Tyne -16 56 £350 +1.90% 3
Yorkshire -19 54 £338 +15.38% 15
Birmingham +7 49 £334 -1.11% 14
Surrey +3 43 £388 - 13
East Midlands +8 38 £583 +60.68% 15
Wiltshire +10 36 £375 +21.45% 4
Reading +15 34 £363 +6.61% 3
Manchester -18 34 £375 +15.38% 13
West Yorkshire -12 32 £350 - 11
Renfrewshire -16 30 £386 +44.46%
Erskine -18 29 £386 +44.46%
Leeds -17 28 £350 - 7
Bristol +18 22 £350 +3.70% 6
Southampton +21 21 £375 +3.44% 4
Nottinghamshire +9 21 £600 +44.57% 5
Nottingham +4 20 £600 +44.57% 4
Cambridgeshire +14 19 £413 +50.00% 2

WAN
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 June 2016, IT contractor jobs citing WAN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for WAN.

1 1936 (83.23%) LAN
2 1206 (51.85%) Cisco
3 1018 (43.77%) Firewall
4 776 (33.36%) Cisco Certification
5 687 (29.54%) Windows
6 540 (23.22%) ITIL
7 536 (23.04%) CCNP
8 501 (21.54%) VPN
9 488 (20.98%) Data Centre
10 475 (20.42%) Active Directory
11 449 (19.30%) Security Cleared
12 445 (19.13%) TCP/IP
13 444 (19.09%) Wireless
14 400 (17.20%) VMware
15 383 (16.47%) Microsoft
16 373 (16.04%) SC Cleared
17 370 (15.91%) CCNA
18 368 (15.82%) MPLS
19 366 (15.74%) DNS
20 357 (15.35%) CheckPoint
21 348 (14.96%) Finance
22 342 (14.70%) Network Security
23 325 (13.97%) VoIP
24 316 (13.59%) Linux
25 310 (13.33%) Juniper
26 298 (12.81%) BGP
27 289 (12.42%) Windows Server
28 273 (11.74%) VMware Infrastructure
29 263 (11.31%) Cisco ASA
30 254 (10.92%) SAN

WAN
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 193 (8.30%) MS Exchange
2 82 (3.53%) Exchange Server 2010
3 71 (3.05%) SharePoint
4 70 (3.01%) Apache
5 65 (2.79%) IIS
6 57 (2.45%) Skype for Business
7 39 (1.68%) Tomcat
8 37 (1.59%) Exchange Server 2013
9 27 (1.16%) OpenStack
9 27 (1.16%) WebSphere
10 24 (1.03%) Exchange Server 2007
11 20 (0.86%) JBoss
11 20 (0.86%) Mule
11 20 (0.86%) Oracle HTTP Server
12 18 (0.77%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
13 17 (0.73%) Oracle Coherence
14 12 (0.52%) Exchange Server 2003
15 6 (0.26%) IBM Notes
15 6 (0.26%) nginx
15 6 (0.26%) WebLogic
Applications
1 126 (5.42%) MS Office
2 122 (5.25%) MS Excel
3 60 (2.58%) MS Visio
4 35 (1.50%) MS Project
5 31 (1.33%) MS PowerPoint
6 8 (0.34%) PaintShop Pro
7 5 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
8 2 (0.086%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 2 (0.086%) QuarkXPress
Business Applications
1 13 (0.56%) Remedy ITSM
2 12 (0.52%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 5 (0.21%) Eikon
3 5 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
4 4 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
5 3 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.086%) ENOVIA
6 2 (0.086%) Infor M3
6 2 (0.086%) Primavera
7 1 (0.043%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.043%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.043%) RMDS
7 1 (0.043%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 122 (5.25%) Amazon AWS
2 109 (4.69%) Office 365
3 77 (3.31%) Microsoft Azure
4 54 (2.32%) IaaS
5 41 (1.76%) PaaS
6 24 (1.03%) SaaS
7 18 (0.77%) Mimecast
8 15 (0.64%) Azure Active Directory
9 6 (0.26%) Amazon S3
10 5 (0.21%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 5 (0.21%) Amazon EC2
10 5 (0.21%) Cloud Computing
11 4 (0.17%) Google Cloud Platform
12 3 (0.13%) AWS CloudFormation
12 3 (0.13%) OneDrive
13 2 (0.086%) Adobe Creative Cloud
13 2 (0.086%) AWS OpsWorks
13 2 (0.086%) GitHub
14 1 (0.043%) Google Apps
14 1 (0.043%) IBM PureFlex
Communications & Networking
1 1936 (83.23%) LAN
2 1018 (43.77%) Firewall
3 501 (21.54%) VPN
4 445 (19.13%) TCP/IP
5 444 (19.09%) Wireless
6 368 (15.82%) MPLS
7 366 (15.74%) DNS
8 342 (14.70%) Network Security
9 325 (13.97%) VoIP
10 298 (12.81%) BGP
11 263 (11.31%) Cisco ASA
12 254 (10.92%) SAN
13 242 (10.40%) OSPF
14 232 (9.97%) DHCP
15 170 (7.31%) Wi-Fi
16 161 (6.92%) Cisco Nexus
17 159 (6.84%) Internet
18 150 (6.45%) IPsec
19 142 (6.10%) EIGRP
19 142 (6.10%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 152 (6.53%) SQL Server
2 58 (2.49%) Relational Database
3 24 (1.03%) SQL Server 2008
4 23 (0.99%) MySQL
5 19 (0.82%) Hadoop
5 19 (0.82%) HBase
6 11 (0.47%) Oracle Database
7 10 (0.43%) PostgreSQL
7 10 (0.43%) SQL Server 2012
8 8 (0.34%) BusinessObjects
9 7 (0.30%) Oracle Exadata
10 6 (0.26%) QlikView
10 6 (0.26%) SQL Server 2005
11 4 (0.17%) Data Warehouse
11 4 (0.17%) SQL Server 2014
11 4 (0.17%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 3 (0.13%) OLTP
13 2 (0.086%) DB2
13 2 (0.086%) FileMaker
13 2 (0.086%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 36 (1.55%) Jenkins
2 15 (0.64%) VSS/SourceSafe
3 10 (0.43%) Git (software)
3 10 (0.43%) Subversion
4 8 (0.34%) Artifactory
4 8 (0.34%) ClearCase
4 8 (0.34%) StarTeam
4 8 (0.34%) Team Foundation Server
5 7 (0.30%) JIRA
6 6 (0.26%) LoadRunner
6 6 (0.26%) Sonatype Nexus
7 4 (0.17%) Hudson
8 3 (0.13%) Rational DOORS
8 3 (0.13%) Travis CI
9 2 (0.086%) HP UFT
9 2 (0.086%) Maven
10 1 (0.043%) AdminStudio
10 1 (0.043%) Ant
10 1 (0.043%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 1 (0.043%) LabVIEW
General
1 348 (14.96%) Finance
2 203 (8.73%) Telecoms
3 88 (3.78%) Banking
4 66 (2.84%) Retail
5 58 (2.49%) Legal
6 35 (1.50%) Manufacturing
7 26 (1.12%) Law
8 18 (0.77%) Billing
9 17 (0.73%) Marketing
10 15 (0.64%) Back Office
10 15 (0.64%) Financial Institution
10 15 (0.64%) Military
11 12 (0.52%) Electronics
12 11 (0.47%) Advertising
12 11 (0.47%) German Language
13 9 (0.39%) Investment Banking
13 9 (0.39%) Spanish Language
14 8 (0.34%) Local Government
15 6 (0.26%) Games
16 5 (0.21%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 617 (26.53%) Network Engineer
2 372 (15.99%) Architect
3 262 (11.26%) Analyst
4 172 (7.39%) Project Manager
5 168 (7.22%) Cisco Engineer
6 164 (7.05%) Support Engineer
7 143 (6.15%) Infrastructure Architect
8 140 (6.02%) Cisco Network Engineer
9 125 (5.37%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 114 (4.90%) Solutions Architect
11 113 (4.86%) Infrastructure Manager
12 110 (4.73%) Network Architect
13 98 (4.21%) Senior Network Engineer
14 86 (3.70%) Network Support
15 84 (3.61%) Network Analyst
16 82 (3.53%) Security Engineer
17 78 (3.35%) Consultant
17 78 (3.35%) Designer
18 75 (3.22%) SC Cleared Network Engineer
19 70 (3.01%) Network Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 75 (3.22%) Middleware
2 51 (2.19%) 802.1X
3 44 (1.89%) HTML
4 41 (1.76%) Web Services
5 22 (0.95%) XML
6 17 (0.73%) Rendezvous
7 16 (0.69%) XSLT
8 14 (0.60%) .NET
9 10 (0.43%) LAMP
10 9 (0.39%) CSS
11 7 (0.30%) ActiveMQ
11 7 (0.30%) RabbitMQ
11 7 (0.30%) Servlets
12 6 (0.26%) Oracle Fusion
12 6 (0.26%) SOAP
13 5 (0.21%) XMPP
14 4 (0.17%) REST
15 3 (0.13%) boto
15 3 (0.13%) LEMP Stack
15 3 (0.13%) ODBC
Miscellaneous
1 488 (20.98%) Data Centre
2 89 (3.83%) Analytical Skills
3 86 (3.70%) Management Information System
4 62 (2.67%) Video Conferencing
5 53 (2.28%) Blackberry
6 51 (2.19%) Clustering
7 42 (1.81%) Computer Science
8 36 (1.55%) Private Cloud
9 32 (1.38%) PKI
10 30 (1.29%) Driving Licence
11 29 (1.25%) Hybrid Cloud
11 29 (1.25%) Public Cloud
12 26 (1.12%) IVR
12 26 (1.12%) Replication
13 21 (0.90%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 21 (0.90%) NHS
14 19 (0.82%) Handset
14 19 (0.82%) RSA SecurID
15 18 (0.77%) Cryptography
15 18 (0.77%) Mathematics
Operating Systems
1 687 (29.54%) Windows
2 316 (13.59%) Linux
3 289 (12.42%) Windows Server
4 195 (8.38%) Windows Server 2008
5 186 (8.00%) Unix
6 157 (6.75%) Windows Server 2012
7 138 (5.93%) Windows 7
8 118 (5.07%) Windows Server 2003
9 80 (3.44%) Solaris
10 65 (2.79%) Windows XP
11 37 (1.59%) Mac OS X
12 34 (1.46%) AIX
13 29 (1.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 28 (1.20%) Windows 8
15 27 (1.16%) Windows 10
16 16 (0.69%) Android
17 12 (0.52%) HPUX
18 11 (0.47%) CentOS
18 11 (0.47%) SUSE
19 9 (0.39%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 540 (23.22%) ITIL
2 238 (10.23%) Network Design
3 218 (9.37%) Migration
4 210 (9.03%) Project Management
5 151 (6.49%) Load Balancing
6 145 (6.23%) PRINCE2
7 133 (5.72%) Service Management
8 125 (5.37%) Change Management
9 113 (4.86%) Network Management
10 111 (4.77%) Stakeholder Management
11 105 (4.51%) Network Monitoring
12 100 (4.30%) Disaster Recovery
13 98 (4.21%) High Availability
14 94 (4.04%) Agile Software Development
15 89 (3.83%) Service Delivery
16 80 (3.44%) Configuration Management
17 77 (3.31%) DevOps
18 75 (3.22%) Problem Management
19 74 (3.18%) ITIL V3
20 64 (2.75%) SIEM
Programming Languages
1 146 (6.28%) SQL
2 71 (3.05%) PowerShell
3 65 (2.79%) Bash Shell
3 65 (2.79%) Perl
4 49 (2.11%) Java
5 43 (1.85%) Shell Script
6 40 (1.72%) Korn
7 38 (1.63%) C-shell
7 38 (1.63%) Python
8 25 (1.07%) JavaScript
9 21 (0.90%) C
10 11 (0.47%) VBScript
11 9 (0.39%) C#
11 9 (0.39%) PHP
12 8 (0.34%) C++
12 8 (0.34%) Lisp
13 6 (0.26%) Tcl
14 5 (0.21%) Ruby
15 4 (0.17%) VB
16 2 (0.086%) AppleScript
Qualifications
1 776 (33.36%) Cisco Certification
2 536 (23.04%) CCNP
3 449 (19.30%) Security Cleared
4 373 (16.04%) SC Cleared
5 370 (15.91%) CCNA
6 150 (6.45%) CCIE
7 121 (5.20%) Degree
8 91 (3.91%) CCDP
9 82 (3.53%) Microsoft Certification
10 77 (3.31%) DV Cleared
11 60 (2.58%) CISSP
12 57 (2.45%) MCSE
13 43 (1.85%) MCP
14 38 (1.63%) JNCIP
15 36 (1.55%) ITIL Certification
16 35 (1.50%) JNCIA
17 32 (1.38%) CCSE
18 30 (1.29%) JNCIS
19 28 (1.20%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
20 27 (1.16%) CCDA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 100 (4.30%) SLA
2 36 (1.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 28 (1.20%) PCI DSS
4 20 (0.86%) Disclosure Scotland
5 16 (0.69%) QA
6 7 (0.30%) JSP 440
7 5 (0.21%) HIPAA
7 5 (0.21%) ISO 9001
7 5 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 4 (0.17%) PMBOK
9 3 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.086%) COBIT
10 2 (0.086%) GxP
11 1 (0.043%) BS7799
11 1 (0.043%) ISO 14001
11 1 (0.043%) ISO/IEC 17799
11 1 (0.043%) MiFID
System Software
1 475 (20.42%) Active Directory
2 273 (11.74%) VMware Infrastructure
3 98 (4.21%) Hyper-V
4 72 (3.10%) XenApp
5 58 (2.49%) VMware ESXi
6 56 (2.41%) VMware ESX
7 53 (2.28%) vSphere
8 40 (1.72%) Samba
9 38 (1.63%) Xen
10 37 (1.59%) XenDesktop
11 33 (1.42%) KVM
12 30 (1.29%) NFS
13 27 (1.16%) SRDF
14 23 (0.99%) Oracle RAC
15 16 (0.69%) GPFS
15 16 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
16 14 (0.60%) vCloud
17 11 (0.47%) Virtual Servers
17 11 (0.47%) VMware Server
18 10 (0.43%) DFS Replication
Systems Management
1 128 (5.50%) SCCM
2 61 (2.62%) Puppet
3 56 (2.41%) Ansible
4 39 (1.68%) FortiGate
5 38 (1.63%) SCOM
6 31 (1.33%) Cisco Prime
7 25 (1.07%) Microsoft Intune
8 21 (0.90%) Backup Exec
8 21 (0.90%) Cisco CUCM
9 18 (0.77%) Microsoft Clustering
9 18 (0.77%) Opscode Chef
10 16 (0.69%) Norton AntiVirus
11 15 (0.64%) WSUS
12 13 (0.56%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
12 13 (0.56%) Nagios
12 13 (0.56%) SolarWinds Orion
13 11 (0.47%) Network Intrusion Detection System
13 11 (0.47%) WhatsUp Gold
14 10 (0.43%) Cacti
14 10 (0.43%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
Vendors
1 1206 (51.85%) Cisco
2 400 (17.20%) VMware
3 383 (16.47%) Microsoft
4 357 (15.35%) CheckPoint
5 310 (13.33%) Juniper
6 252 (10.83%) Citrix
7 184 (7.91%) F5
8 176 (7.57%) HP
9 144 (6.19%) Palo Alto
10 121 (5.20%) Oracle
11 103 (4.43%) IBM
12 86 (3.70%) SolarWinds
13 85 (3.65%) Avaya
14 78 (3.35%) NetApp
15 72 (3.10%) Riverbed
16 71 (3.05%) Blue Coat
17 63 (2.71%) Fortinet
18 58 (2.49%) Red Hat
19 57 (2.45%) EMC
20 53 (2.28%) Intel Security
Swindon, Wiltshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £300.00 - £330.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Experis Ltd
Rate: £270.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Spargonet Consulting Plc
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Rullion IT Plus
Rate: £200 - £270 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Surrey
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Harrington Starr
Rate: £200 - £250 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £600.00 - £700.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Hereford, Herefordshire
Greywood Associates Limited
Rate: £10 - £14 per hour
Posted: 2 days ago
Chertsey, Surrey
Synergize Consulting
Rate: From £30,000 to £35,000 per annum plus corporate benefits
Posted: 3 days ago
Cheshire
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Posted: 5 days ago
Gosport, Hampshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £350.00 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Warrington, Cheshire
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £150.00 - £160.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Berkshire
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £200 - £240 per day + ASAP Start
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Michael Bailey Associates
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 4 days ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Spargonet Consulting Plc
Rate: £250 - £375 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
The Collinson Group
Posted: 3 days ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Spargonet Consulting Plc
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
South East
Talent Spa
Rate: £475-525pd
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Westbourne Partners
Rate: From £300 to £400 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Venturi
Rate: £400 - £475 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Austin Fraser
Rate: NEG
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £450 - £495 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
DCL Search & Selection
Rate: £450 - £500 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Venturi
Rate: £200 - £300 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Marcus Donald People
Rate: £320 - £370 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Crawley, West Sussex
Proprius Recruitment
Rate: From £375 to £475 per day 6 Moth Contract
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Venturi
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £400 - £450 per day + Negotiable
Posted: 2 days ago