The table below looks at the statistics for VMware Infrastructure skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited VMware Infrastructure over the 3 months to 24 February 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
24 Feb 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
VMware Infrastructure (VI3)
UK
Rank 114 84 76
Rank change year-on-year
-30 -8
Contract jobs citing VMware Infrastructure 965 1257 1330
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 2.13% 2.42% 2.53%
As % of the System Software category 18.69% 23.47% 24.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 652 813 807
Median daily rate £400 £388 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.22% -3.12%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £225 £244 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £518 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £363 £375 £375
% change year-on-year
-3.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 47 53
Median hourly rate £23.00 £34.50 £29.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-33.33% +18.96%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £15.00 £17.10 £13.65
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £56.39 £42.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.00 £43.00 £29.75
% change year-on-year
-46.51% +44.53%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire System Software category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

System Software Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
System Software category
5163 5356 5328
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 11.37% 10.30% 10.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 3266 3199 2931
Median daily rate £400 £375 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.66% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £190 £190 £188
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £525 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £350 £350
Number of hourly rates quoted 374 480 598
Median hourly rate £17.50 £16.00 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
+9.37% -3.03%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £10.50 £11.00 £11.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.00 £43.00 £32.52
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £16.00 £16.00

VMware Infrastructure
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing VMware Infrastructure as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the System Software category.

VMware Infrastructure Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

VMware Infrastructure
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing VMware Infrastructure within the UK.

VMware Infrastructure Daily Rate Trend in the UK

VMware Infrastructure
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing VMware Infrastructure within the UK over the 3 months to 24 February 2017.

VMware Infrastructure Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

VMware Infrastructure
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing VMware Infrastructure within the UK.

VMware Infrastructure Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

VMware Infrastructure
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing VMware Infrastructure within the UK over the 3 months to 24 February 2017.

VMware Infrastructure Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

VMware Infrastructure
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VMware Infrastructure within the UK over the 3 months to 24 February 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -29 878 £400 +2.56% 333
London -23 369 £425 - 116
South East -8 222 £400 +14.28% 66
Hampshire +10 103 £415 +13.69% 22
East of England +30 72 £365 +4.28% 23
City of London -15 59 £425 +6.25% 32
South West -25 55 £305 -12.78% 20
Berkshire +6 43 £338 -8.78% 11
North West -10 40 £373 -0.66% 45
Scotland +3 39 £400 - 16
Surrey -15 37 £325 -6.47% 12
Yorkshire -26 36 £410 +4.45% 27
East Midlands -2 31 £400 +18.51% 14
West Yorkshire -13 27 £410 +2.50% 22
West Midlands +6 26 £300 -20.00% 18
Edinburgh +30 25 £425 - 5
North East -12 23 £280 -36.00% 6
Buckinghamshire +1 22 £376 -16.38% 6
Winchester +9 21 £450 +20.00%
Leeds -15 20 £410 +2.50% 12
Essex +5 19 £462 +5.65% 4
Milton Keynes +8 18 £400 -11.11%
Hook +16 17 £329 -23.08% 2
Manchester +9 17 £381 +17.30% 30
Tyne and Wear -10 17 £360 -25.88% 4
Croydon +16 16 £468 +10.00%
Wales +12 16 £338 -2.17% 4
Suffolk +7 16 £288 -8.00% 1
Newcastle upon Tyne -10 16 £370 -23.82% 3
Birmingham +5 15 £313 -18.30% 5

VMware Infrastructure
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 24 February 2017, IT contractor jobs citing VMware Infrastructure also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for VMware Infrastructure.

1 2267 (100.00%) VMware
2 1348 (59.46%) Windows
3 875 (38.60%) Active Directory
4 851 (37.54%) Microsoft
5 841 (37.10%) Linux
6 726 (32.02%) Windows Server
7 544 (24.00%) Cisco
8 520 (22.94%) Windows Server 2008
9 512 (22.58%) Security Cleared
10 494 (21.79%) DNS
11 475 (20.95%) ITIL
12 460 (20.29%) Citrix
13 447 (19.72%) Windows Server 2012
14 432 (19.06%) Firewall
15 403 (17.78%) SAN
16 398 (17.56%) Data Centre
17 379 (16.72%) SC Cleared
18 347 (15.31%) PowerShell
19 339 (14.95%) vSphere
20 331 (14.60%) Hyper-V
21 328 (14.47%) Red Hat
22 321 (14.16%) HP
23 319 (14.07%) SQL
24 316 (13.94%) DevOps
25 310 (13.67%) Finance
26 304 (13.41%) SQL Server
27 297 (13.10%) Puppet
28 296 (13.06%) Windows 7
29 277 (12.22%) Microsoft Azure
30 274 (12.09%) Unix

VMware Infrastructure
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 240 (10.59%) MS Exchange
2 184 (8.12%) IIS
3 172 (7.59%) Apache
4 136 (6.00%) Exchange Server 2010
5 117 (5.16%) Tomcat
6 105 (4.63%) SharePoint
7 82 (3.62%) OpenStack
8 77 (3.40%) Skype for Business
9 76 (3.35%) WebSphere
10 72 (3.18%) Exchange Server 2013
11 69 (3.04%) nginx
12 50 (2.21%) Exchange Server 2007
13 45 (1.99%) Jetty
14 35 (1.54%) BizTalk Server
15 28 (1.24%) Mongrel
16 27 (1.19%) Elasticsearch
17 26 (1.15%) JBoss
18 25 (1.10%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
19 24 (1.06%) WebLogic
20 19 (0.84%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 258 (11.38%) MS Excel
2 130 (5.73%) MS Office
3 35 (1.54%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.62%) MS PowerPoint
5 7 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
6 6 (0.26%) MS Project
7 2 (0.088%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.044%) Acrobat
8 1 (0.044%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 17 (0.75%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.66%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 9 (0.40%) SAP Hybris
4 5 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
5 4 (0.18%) Infor M3
5 4 (0.18%) Oracle Retail
5 4 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
5 4 (0.18%) Pegasus Opera
6 3 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
6 3 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
6 3 (0.13%) PeopleSoft Financials
6 3 (0.13%) Sentinel
6 3 (0.13%) Teamcenter
7 2 (0.088%) Markit EDM
7 2 (0.088%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 1 (0.044%) RMDS
8 1 (0.044%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 277 (12.22%) Microsoft Azure
2 263 (11.60%) Amazon AWS
3 159 (7.01%) Office 365
4 139 (6.13%) IaaS
5 82 (3.62%) PaaS
6 65 (2.87%) SaaS
7 51 (2.25%) Cloud Computing
8 38 (1.68%) Amazon EC2
9 34 (1.50%) Google Cloud Platform
10 33 (1.46%) Azure Active Directory
11 31 (1.37%) AWS CloudFormation
12 27 (1.19%) Google App Engine
13 20 (0.88%) GitHub
14 17 (0.75%) Amazon S3
15 13 (0.57%) HP Helion
16 9 (0.40%) G Suite
17 8 (0.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 6 (0.26%) Amazon SQS
18 6 (0.26%) Sumo Logic
18 6 (0.26%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 494 (21.79%) DNS
2 432 (19.06%) Firewall
3 403 (17.78%) SAN
4 274 (12.09%) DHCP
5 255 (11.25%) TCP/IP
6 228 (10.06%) WAN
7 218 (9.62%) LAN
8 143 (6.31%) VPN
9 122 (5.38%) NAS
10 101 (4.46%) HTTP
11 100 (4.41%) Internet
12 87 (3.84%) SSL
13 83 (3.66%) VLAN
14 74 (3.26%) LDAP
15 72 (3.18%) Network Security
16 69 (3.04%) Wireless
17 67 (2.96%) Cisco ASA
18 66 (2.91%) VoIP
19 64 (2.82%) NetScaler
20 63 (2.78%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 304 (13.41%) SQL Server
2 112 (4.94%) MySQL
3 64 (2.82%) PostgreSQL
4 59 (2.60%) SQL Server 2012
5 53 (2.34%) Hadoop
6 48 (2.12%) SQL Server 2008
7 41 (1.81%) Oracle Database
8 39 (1.72%) Big Data
9 37 (1.63%) NoSQL
10 33 (1.46%) Relational Database
10 33 (1.46%) SQL Server 2005
11 28 (1.24%) DB2
12 25 (1.10%) MongoDB
13 20 (0.88%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 15 (0.66%) SQL Server 2014
15 14 (0.62%) Data Warehouse
15 14 (0.62%) HBase
15 14 (0.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 12 (0.53%) Apache Cassandra
16 12 (0.53%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 151 (6.66%) Jenkins
2 137 (6.04%) Git (software)
3 29 (1.28%) Maven
4 28 (1.24%) Travis CI
5 26 (1.15%) Team Foundation Server
6 24 (1.06%) Visual Studio
7 23 (1.01%) Gerrit
8 21 (0.93%) JIRA
8 21 (0.93%) Octopus Deploy
9 20 (0.88%) MSI
9 20 (0.88%) TeamCity
10 18 (0.79%) GitLab
11 17 (0.75%) Mercurial
12 15 (0.66%) Vagrant
13 11 (0.49%) Oracle APEX
13 11 (0.49%) Subversion
14 10 (0.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 9 (0.40%) Sonatype Nexus
16 6 (0.26%) Oracle Forms
16 6 (0.26%) Selenium
General
1 310 (13.67%) Finance
2 77 (3.40%) Banking
3 69 (3.04%) Telecoms
4 51 (2.25%) Manufacturing
5 45 (1.99%) Law
5 45 (1.99%) Retail
6 32 (1.41%) Back Office
7 27 (1.19%) Marketing
8 26 (1.15%) Legal
9 22 (0.97%) Games
10 21 (0.93%) Electronics
10 21 (0.93%) Military
11 14 (0.62%) Advertising
11 14 (0.62%) Investment Banking
12 13 (0.57%) Billing
13 9 (0.40%) Local Government
14 8 (0.35%) Publishing
15 6 (0.26%) Financial Institution
16 4 (0.18%) French Language
16 4 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 291 (12.84%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 246 (10.85%) Architect
3 208 (9.18%) Analyst
4 177 (7.81%) DevOps Engineer
5 169 (7.45%) Administrator
6 149 (6.57%) VMware Engineer
7 148 (6.53%) Support Engineer
8 127 (5.60%) Systems Administrator
9 115 (5.07%) Consultant
10 100 (4.41%) Infrastructure Architect
11 92 (4.06%) Windows Engineer
12 79 (3.48%) Support Analyst
13 75 (3.31%) Linux Administrator
14 74 (3.26%) 3rd Line Engineer
15 72 (3.18%) Systems Engineer
16 69 (3.04%) Linux Engineer
17 68 (3.00%) 2nd Line Support
18 66 (2.91%) Wintel Engineer
19 64 (2.82%) Linux Systems Administrator
20 60 (2.65%) 3rd Line Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (3.75%) Middleware
2 75 (3.31%) Web Services
3 68 (3.00%) .NET
4 64 (2.82%) LAMP
5 44 (1.94%) J2EE
6 40 (1.76%) XML
7 39 (1.72%) HTML
8 34 (1.50%) LAPP Stack
9 31 (1.37%) RabbitMQ
10 28 (1.24%) LEMP Stack
11 27 (1.19%) Servlets
12 26 (1.15%) Elastic Stack
13 24 (1.06%) REST
14 23 (1.01%) CSS
15 17 (0.75%) ASP.NET
16 16 (0.71%) JSON
17 15 (0.66%) Node.js
18 14 (0.62%) HTML5
18 14 (0.62%) jQuery
18 14 (0.62%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 398 (17.56%) Data Centre
2 132 (5.82%) Clustering
3 126 (5.56%) Analytical Skills
4 89 (3.93%) Management Information System
5 87 (3.84%) EMC VNX
6 77 (3.40%) Replication
7 59 (2.60%) Computer Science
8 57 (2.51%) EMC VMAX
8 57 (2.51%) Fat Client
8 57 (2.51%) Thin Client
9 51 (2.25%) VxBlock/Vblock
10 49 (2.16%) PKI
11 36 (1.59%) Private Cloud
12 35 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
13 32 (1.41%) Video Conferencing
14 31 (1.37%) Blackberry
14 31 (1.37%) Hybrid Cloud
15 29 (1.28%) Public Cloud
16 23 (1.01%) Linux Command Line
17 22 (0.97%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 1348 (59.46%) Windows
2 841 (37.10%) Linux
3 726 (32.02%) Windows Server
4 520 (22.94%) Windows Server 2008
5 447 (19.72%) Windows Server 2012
6 296 (13.06%) Windows 7
7 274 (12.09%) Unix
8 260 (11.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 250 (11.03%) Windows Server 2003
10 138 (6.09%) CentOS
11 119 (5.25%) Solaris
12 113 (4.98%) Windows 10
13 85 (3.75%) AIX
14 66 (2.91%) Ubuntu
15 53 (2.34%) Windows 8
16 47 (2.07%) Oracle Linux
17 45 (1.99%) SUSE
18 41 (1.81%) Mac OS X
19 32 (1.41%) Windows XP
20 21 (0.93%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 475 (20.95%) ITIL
2 316 (13.94%) DevOps
3 248 (10.94%) Agile Software Development
4 230 (10.15%) Migration
5 209 (9.22%) Configuration Management
6 152 (6.70%) Continuous Integration
7 145 (6.40%) Service Management
8 128 (5.65%) Project Management
9 117 (5.16%) Scrum
10 116 (5.12%) Change Management
11 110 (4.85%) Load Balancing
12 109 (4.81%) Problem Management
13 107 (4.72%) High Availability
14 106 (4.68%) Open Source
15 99 (4.37%) Disaster Recovery
16 94 (4.15%) Virtual Environments
17 92 (4.06%) Continuous Delivery
18 87 (3.84%) Incident Management
19 76 (3.35%) Performance Tuning
19 76 (3.35%) Server Virtualisation
Programming Languages
1 347 (15.31%) PowerShell
2 319 (14.07%) SQL
3 197 (8.69%) Bash Shell
4 191 (8.43%) Python
5 160 (7.06%) Java
6 129 (5.69%) Perl
7 79 (3.48%) Ruby
8 61 (2.69%) Shell Script
9 57 (2.51%) C
9 57 (2.51%) JavaScript
10 51 (2.25%) PHP
11 50 (2.21%) C#
11 50 (2.21%) VBScript
12 24 (1.06%) VB
13 23 (1.01%) Korn
14 12 (0.53%) AWK
15 9 (0.40%) C-shell
16 8 (0.35%) C++
16 8 (0.35%) sed
16 8 (0.35%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 512 (22.58%) Security Cleared
2 379 (16.72%) SC Cleared
3 185 (8.16%) Microsoft Certification
4 146 (6.44%) Cisco Certification
5 129 (5.69%) MCSE
6 112 (4.94%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 109 (4.81%) DV Cleared
8 107 (4.72%) Degree
9 95 (4.19%) CCNA
10 75 (3.31%) CCNP
11 70 (3.09%) MCSA
12 58 (2.56%) ITIL Certification
13 44 (1.94%) MCITP
14 36 (1.59%) BPSS Clearance
15 33 (1.46%) MCP
16 23 (1.01%) Citrix Certification
16 23 (1.01%) DBS Check
17 22 (0.97%) CISSP
17 22 (0.97%) RHCE
18 11 (0.49%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 97 (4.28%) SLA
2 48 (2.12%) PCI DSS
3 39 (1.72%) Disclosure Scotland
3 39 (1.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 26 (1.15%) JSP 440
5 21 (0.93%) QA
6 6 (0.26%) ISO 9001
6 6 (0.26%) RMADS
6 6 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.13%) PA-DSS
8 2 (0.088%) BS25999
8 2 (0.088%) GPG13
8 2 (0.088%) ISO 14001
8 2 (0.088%) ISO22301
9 1 (0.044%) BS7799
9 1 (0.044%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.044%) GAMP
9 1 (0.044%) GDPR
9 1 (0.044%) GxP
9 1 (0.044%) PMBOK
System Software
1 875 (38.60%) Active Directory
2 339 (14.95%) vSphere
3 331 (14.60%) Hyper-V
4 266 (11.73%) VMware ESX
5 189 (8.34%) XenApp
6 179 (7.90%) VMware ESXi
7 133 (5.87%) Virtual Machines
8 108 (4.76%) Microsoft App-V
8 108 (4.76%) XenDesktop
9 100 (4.41%) Virtual Servers
10 92 (4.06%) Docker
11 81 (3.57%) Virtual Desktop
12 80 (3.53%) vCloud
13 62 (2.73%) Xen
14 61 (2.69%) NFS
15 53 (2.34%) KVM
16 49 (2.16%) XenServer
17 36 (1.59%) Microsoft Virtual Server
18 29 (1.28%) VMware Workstation
19 28 (1.24%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 297 (13.10%) Puppet
2 203 (8.95%) SCCM
3 157 (6.93%) Ansible
4 121 (5.34%) Opscode Chef
5 91 (4.01%) SCOM
6 80 (3.53%) vRealize
7 71 (3.13%) Nagios
8 58 (2.56%) WSUS
9 55 (2.43%) Microsoft Clustering
10 52 (2.29%) ZABBIX
11 51 (2.25%) NetBackup
11 51 (2.25%) Tivoli Storage Manager
12 43 (1.90%) Norton AntiVirus
13 42 (1.85%) Backup Exec
13 42 (1.85%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
14 40 (1.76%) HAProxy
15 38 (1.68%) PowerCLI
16 28 (1.24%) EMC NetWorker
16 28 (1.24%) Nessus
17 27 (1.19%) AirWatch
Vendors
1 2267 (100.00%) VMware
2 851 (37.54%) Microsoft
3 544 (24.00%) Cisco
4 460 (20.29%) Citrix
5 328 (14.47%) Red Hat
6 321 (14.16%) HP
7 226 (9.97%) EMC
8 213 (9.40%) Oracle
9 177 (7.81%) NetApp
10 157 (6.93%) IBM
11 123 (5.43%) Dell
11 123 (5.43%) Symantec
12 93 (4.10%) CheckPoint
13 73 (3.22%) AppSense
14 67 (2.96%) Avaya
14 67 (2.96%) F5
15 58 (2.56%) Veeam
16 57 (2.51%) 3PAR
17 56 (2.47%) Veritas
18 51 (2.25%) Intel Security
City, London
Red10
Rate: £27000 - £30000 per annum
Posted: 6 hours ago
London
Net Recruit.co.uk Ltd
Rate: Up to £37,000 DOE
Posted: 7 hours ago
Banbury, Oxfordshire
Hays Talent Solutions
Rate: £300.00 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
London
Computer Futures
Rate: competitive
Posted: 19 hours ago
York, North Yorkshire
Candour Solutions
Rate: Excellent daily rate
Posted: 13 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Senitor Associates
Rate: £200 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Oscar
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Macclesfield, Cheshire
Harvey Nash plc
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
Harvey Nash plc
Posted: 2 days ago
South West
IntaPeople
Rate: £550 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Computer Futures
Rate: competitive
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Lawrence Harvey
Rate: £400 - £450 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
People Source Consulting
Rate: £300 - £400 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Cardiff, South Glamorgan
IntaPeople
Rate: £150 - £170 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Experis Ltd
Posted: Yesterday
Peterborough, Cambridgeshire
Ascend Consulting
Rate: From £250 to £280 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Greater Manchester
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Net Talent
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Oxfordshire
FRG Technology Consulting
Rate: £300 - £375 per day + Excellent
Posted: 3 days ago
New Malden
aap3
Rate: £45.00 - £55.00 per hour
Posted: 3 days ago
Somerset
People Source Consulting
Rate: £400.00 - £401.00 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Gloucestershire
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £400.00 - £500.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Belfast, County Antrim
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £300 - £326 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Global Technology Solutions Ltd
Rate: £120 - £150 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Hertfordshire
Volt
Rate: £350.00 - £450.00 per day
Posted: 7 days ago
Edinburgh
CPS Group Limited
Posted: 9 days ago
Yorkshire
Maclean Moore Consulting
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Bristol
CPS Group Limited
Rate: £350 - £351 per annum
Posted: 11 days ago