Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
England > London
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 36 42 38
Rank change year-on-year +6 -4 +10
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 2671 2274 2194
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 5.74% 5.03% 4.65%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.60% 5.83% 5.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 2010 1625 1618
London median daily rate £500 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £350 £319 £313
90th Percentile £638 £600 £613
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 5 6
London median hourly rate £40.00 £46.50 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.98% +12.05% -59.01%
10th Percentile £17.10 £36.75 £20.13
90th Percentile £62.50 £72.80 £80.00
England median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +12.50% +6.67% +7.14%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 40487 39001 39528
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 86.99% 86.22% 83.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 29443 28001 28255
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £288
90th Percentile £670 £644 £638
England median daily rate £450 £425 £420
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 376 404 472
London median hourly rate £22.50 £21.89 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.79% +9.45% +11.11%
10th Percentile £13.31 £12.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £52.25 £50.09 £50.00
England median hourly rate £24.00 £24.41 £22.50
% change year-on-year -1.68% +8.49% +18.42%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the London region over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 495 £500 +5.26% 81
South London -5 121 £525 +31.25% 8
West London -9 116 £450 +12.50% 19
East London +6 29 £533 +12.16% 17
North London -7 3 £300 -12.73% 6
Test Automation
England

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 1709 (63.98%) Agile Software Development
2 1249 (46.76%) Java
3 848 (31.75%) TDD
4 685 (25.65%) BDD
5 675 (25.27%) JavaScript
6 662 (24.78%) Continuous Integration
7 657 (24.60%) Selenium
8 638 (23.89%) Scrum
9 596 (22.31%) Finance
10 575 (21.53%) Banking
11 563 (21.08%) Git (software)
12 561 (21.00%) QA
13 553 (20.70%) Jenkins
14 508 (19.02%) JIRA
15 487 (18.23%) Cucumber
16 464 (17.37%) SQL
17 450 (16.85%) HTML
18 427 (15.99%) DevOps
19 401 (15.01%) C#
20 390 (14.60%) Python
21 385 (14.41%) REST
22 368 (13.78%) Web Services
23 352 (13.18%) CSS
24 335 (12.54%) Linux
25 334 (12.50%) Amazon AWS
26 333 (12.47%) OO
27 324 (12.13%) AngularJS
28 308 (11.53%) RESTful
29 292 (10.93%) .NET
30 288 (10.78%) HTML5

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 211 (7.90%) Confluence
2 77 (2.88%) Apache
3 65 (2.43%) Elasticsearch
4 54 (2.02%) Apache Spark
4 54 (2.02%) CMS
5 53 (1.98%) WildFly
6 42 (1.57%) Tomcat
7 37 (1.39%) JBoss
8 35 (1.31%) nginx
9 31 (1.16%) WebSphere
10 21 (0.79%) SharePoint
11 19 (0.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 17 (0.64%) OpenStack
13 16 (0.60%) Drupal
14 12 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
15 11 (0.41%) SAS
15 11 (0.41%) WebLogic
16 10 (0.37%) Apache Solr
16 10 (0.37%) EPiServer
16 10 (0.37%) uWSGI
Applications
1 42 (1.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (0.71%) MS Visio
3 10 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 10 (0.37%) Photoshop
4 7 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
5 6 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
5 6 (0.22%) Mingle
6 2 (0.075%) GIMP
7 1 (0.037%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.037%) Doxygen
7 1 (0.037%) HipChat
7 1 (0.037%) InVision
Business Applications
1 19 (0.71%) ION MarketView
2 13 (0.49%) Magento
3 11 (0.41%) Markit EDM
4 10 (0.37%) Bloomberg TOMS
5 9 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
6 7 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
7 6 (0.22%) RMDS
8 5 (0.19%) Endur
9 3 (0.11%) IntelliMatch
9 3 (0.11%) Misys Midas
9 3 (0.11%) SunGard Martini
9 3 (0.11%) Temenos T24
10 2 (0.075%) Oracle Financials
11 1 (0.037%) CSG Singleview
11 1 (0.037%) Dynamics AX
11 1 (0.037%) Oracle Applications
11 1 (0.037%) Oracle EBS
11 1 (0.037%) SAP CRM
11 1 (0.037%) Summit
11 1 (0.037%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 334 (12.50%) Amazon AWS
2 162 (6.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 103 (3.86%) GitHub
4 54 (2.02%) Amazon EC2
5 39 (1.46%) Serverless
6 35 (1.31%) npm
7 33 (1.24%) PaaS
8 32 (1.20%) IaaS
9 28 (1.05%) Amazon S3
10 27 (1.01%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 22 (0.82%) SaaS
12 20 (0.75%) AWS Lambda
13 19 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
14 18 (0.67%) OpenShift
15 17 (0.64%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 16 (0.60%) AWS CloudFormation
17 15 (0.56%) Route 53
18 14 (0.52%) BrowserStack
18 14 (0.52%) Google Cloud Platform
18 14 (0.52%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 99 (3.71%) HTTP
2 59 (2.21%) Internet
2 59 (2.21%) TCP/IP
3 24 (0.90%) DNS
4 21 (0.79%) SSL
5 19 (0.71%) Network Security
6 18 (0.67%) Firewall
7 17 (0.64%) SMS
8 10 (0.37%) FIX Connectivity
8 10 (0.37%) VPN
9 9 (0.34%) Cisco ASA
9 9 (0.34%) Cisco Nexus
10 7 (0.26%) BGP
10 7 (0.26%) IPsec
10 7 (0.26%) MPLS
10 7 (0.26%) tcpdump
11 5 (0.19%) LDAP
12 4 (0.15%) Ethernet
12 4 (0.15%) FTP
12 4 (0.15%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 218 (8.16%) Relational Database
2 178 (6.66%) SQL Server
3 154 (5.77%) NoSQL
4 132 (4.94%) MongoDB
5 127 (4.75%) RDBMS
6 119 (4.46%) Big Data
7 107 (4.01%) MySQL
8 86 (3.22%) PostgreSQL
9 69 (2.58%) Hadoop
10 51 (1.91%) Redis
11 44 (1.65%) Data Warehouse
12 34 (1.27%) Apache Cassandra
13 26 (0.97%) Apache Hive
14 23 (0.86%) DB2
15 20 (0.75%) Amazon RDS
15 20 (0.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 19 (0.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 19 (0.71%) HBase
16 19 (0.71%) Oracle Database
17 18 (0.67%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 657 (24.60%) Selenium
2 563 (21.08%) Git (software)
3 553 (20.70%) Jenkins
4 508 (19.02%) JIRA
5 487 (18.23%) Cucumber
6 231 (8.65%) WebDriver
7 223 (8.35%) JUnit
8 198 (7.41%) Maven
9 147 (5.50%) TeamCity
10 116 (4.34%) JMeter
11 108 (4.04%) Appium
12 101 (3.78%) Mockito
13 100 (3.74%) SpecFlow
14 87 (3.26%) Jasmine
15 85 (3.18%) SoapUI
16 84 (3.14%) Subversion
17 73 (2.73%) Protractor
18 71 (2.66%) Mocha
19 70 (2.62%) Vagrant
20 67 (2.51%) SonarQube
General
1 596 (22.31%) Finance
2 575 (21.53%) Banking
3 232 (8.69%) Investment Banking
4 134 (5.02%) Front Office
5 117 (4.38%) Retail
6 87 (3.26%) Games
7 60 (2.25%) Marketing
8 59 (2.21%) Telecoms
9 51 (1.91%) Financial Institution
10 31 (1.16%) Retail Banking
11 28 (1.05%) Back Office
12 24 (0.90%) Law
13 23 (0.86%) Legal
14 19 (0.71%) Billing
14 19 (0.71%) Manufacturing
15 13 (0.49%) Advertising
16 12 (0.45%) Publishing
17 8 (0.30%) Electronics
18 5 (0.19%) Corporate Banking
18 5 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1170 (43.80%) Developer
2 439 (16.44%) Java Developer
3 371 (13.89%) Tester
4 335 (12.54%) Analyst
5 258 (9.66%) Automation Tester
6 255 (9.55%) Test Analyst
7 184 (6.89%) Senior Developer
8 167 (6.25%) Test Engineer
9 157 (5.88%) Developer in Test
10 137 (5.13%) Automation Test Analyst
11 132 (4.94%) C# Developer
12 113 (4.23%) JavaScript Developer
13 104 (3.89%) .NET Developer
14 98 (3.67%) QA Engineer
14 98 (3.67%) Test Automation Engineer
15 92 (3.44%) DevOps Engineer
16 91 (3.41%) Agile Developer
17 85 (3.18%) Full Stack Developer
18 79 (2.96%) Java Engineer
19 73 (2.73%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 450 (16.85%) HTML
2 385 (14.41%) REST
3 368 (13.78%) Web Services
4 352 (13.18%) CSS
5 324 (12.13%) AngularJS
6 308 (11.53%) RESTful
7 292 (10.93%) .NET
8 288 (10.78%) HTML5
9 230 (8.61%) React
10 205 (7.68%) Node.js
11 202 (7.56%) Spring
12 200 (7.49%) JSON
13 173 (6.48%) Gherkin
14 142 (5.32%) XML
15 136 (5.09%) SOAP
16 117 (4.38%) CSS3
17 109 (4.08%) jQuery
18 104 (3.89%) Hibernate
19 82 (3.07%) Sass
20 77 (2.88%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 178 (6.66%) Analytical Skills
2 170 (6.36%) Mobile App
3 136 (5.09%) Computer Science
4 127 (4.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 105 (3.93%) Greenfield Project
6 96 (3.59%) User Experience
7 82 (3.07%) Virtual Team
8 79 (2.96%) Fintech
9 72 (2.70%) Equities
10 69 (2.58%) Linux Command Line
11 65 (2.43%) Data Structures
12 62 (2.32%) Derivative
13 58 (2.17%) Fixed Income
14 39 (1.46%) Public Cloud
15 33 (1.24%) N-Tier
16 31 (1.16%) STB
17 29 (1.09%) Hedge funds
18 24 (0.90%) Algorithms
18 24 (0.90%) Reference Data
19 23 (0.86%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 335 (12.54%) Linux
2 252 (9.43%) Unix
3 151 (5.65%) Apple iOS
4 143 (5.35%) Android
5 139 (5.20%) Windows
6 52 (1.95%) VMS
7 23 (0.86%) Mac OS X
8 17 (0.64%) CentOS
9 12 (0.45%) Solaris
10 10 (0.37%) Mac OS
11 9 (0.34%) Windows Server
12 8 (0.30%) CoreOS
12 8 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 8 (0.30%) Windows 10
13 5 (0.19%) Ubuntu
14 4 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
15 3 (0.11%) Debian
16 2 (0.075%) Nucleus RTOS
16 2 (0.075%) Windows Server 2008
17 1 (0.037%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1709 (63.98%) Agile Software Development
2 848 (31.75%) TDD
3 685 (25.65%) BDD
4 662 (24.78%) Continuous Integration
5 638 (23.89%) Scrum
6 427 (15.99%) DevOps
7 333 (12.47%) OO
8 272 (10.18%) Continuous Delivery
9 242 (9.06%) Kanban
10 237 (8.87%) Software Engineering
11 228 (8.54%) Microservices
12 220 (8.24%) Test Scripting
13 212 (7.94%) E-Commerce
14 211 (7.90%) Unit Testing
15 203 (7.60%) SDLC
16 192 (7.19%) Functional Testing
17 190 (7.11%) Test Strategy
18 173 (6.48%) Regression Testing
19 172 (6.44%) Web Development
20 171 (6.40%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1249 (46.76%) Java
2 675 (25.27%) JavaScript
3 464 (17.37%) SQL
4 401 (15.01%) C#
5 390 (14.60%) Python
6 204 (7.64%) Ruby
7 115 (4.31%) Scala
8 91 (3.41%) Groovy
9 87 (3.26%) C++
10 86 (3.22%) Apple Swift
11 84 (3.14%) ES6
12 72 (2.70%) Bash Shell
13 66 (2.47%) Shell Script
14 63 (2.36%) TypeScript
15 62 (2.32%) Objective-C
16 49 (1.83%) JPQL
16 49 (1.83%) PowerShell
17 44 (1.65%) Perl
18 43 (1.61%) PHP
19 41 (1.54%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 203 (7.60%) Security Cleared
2 183 (6.85%) Degree
3 141 (5.28%) SC Cleared
4 81 (3.03%) ISEB
5 80 (3.00%) ISTQB
6 51 (1.91%) Computer Science Degree
7 41 (1.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 28 (1.05%) BPSS Clearance
9 24 (0.90%) Numerate Degree
10 23 (0.86%) DV Cleared
11 9 (0.34%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.19%) CHECK Team Member
12 5 (0.19%) CISSP
12 5 (0.19%) CTC Cleared
12 5 (0.19%) RHCE
12 5 (0.19%) RHCSA
13 3 (0.11%) CBAP
13 3 (0.11%) CREST Certified
13 3 (0.11%) IIBA
14 2 (0.075%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 561 (21.00%) QA
2 53 (1.98%) MiFID
3 23 (0.86%) WCAG
4 12 (0.45%) EMIR
5 10 (0.37%) Dodd-Frank
6 9 (0.34%) Data Quality
6 9 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 9 (0.34%) PCI DSS
7 7 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
8 5 (0.19%) GCP
9 3 (0.11%) AIFMD
9 3 (0.11%) IFRS
9 3 (0.11%) IFRS 9
9 3 (0.11%) PMO
9 3 (0.11%) SEPA
10 2 (0.075%) COSO
10 2 (0.075%) GDPR
10 2 (0.075%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (0.075%) Solvency II
10 2 (0.075%) WAI
System Software
1 241 (9.02%) Docker
2 14 (0.52%) Active Directory
3 13 (0.49%) HDFS
4 11 (0.41%) iptables
5 7 (0.26%) Apache Flume
6 6 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
8 3 (0.11%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.075%) OpenAM
9 2 (0.075%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.037%) IAG
10 1 (0.037%) KVM
10 1 (0.037%) Varnish
10 1 (0.037%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 128 (4.79%) Puppet
2 99 (3.71%) Ansible
3 90 (3.37%) Kubernetes
4 85 (3.18%) Opscode Chef
5 80 (3.00%) HP Quality Center
6 71 (2.66%) Terraform
7 43 (1.61%) Kibana
8 33 (1.24%) Grafana
9 23 (0.86%) logstash
9 23 (0.86%) Prometheus
10 19 (0.71%) ITRS Geneos
11 13 (0.49%) Salt
12 11 (0.41%) Rancher
12 11 (0.41%) SELinux
13 10 (0.37%) Fluentd
13 10 (0.37%) StatsD
14 9 (0.34%) Nagios
14 9 (0.34%) Packer
15 8 (0.30%) Consul
16 7 (0.26%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 166 (6.21%) Microsoft
2 144 (5.39%) Oracle
3 76 (2.85%) HP
4 58 (2.17%) Atlassian
4 58 (2.17%) Sybase
5 54 (2.02%) Splunk
6 50 (1.87%) Salesforce.com
7 45 (1.68%) New Relic
8 34 (1.27%) Google
9 30 (1.12%) AppDynamics
10 28 (1.05%) Bloomberg
10 28 (1.05%) hybris
10 28 (1.05%) IBM
11 26 (0.97%) Red Hat
12 25 (0.94%) ION Trading
13 23 (0.86%) Apple
14 22 (0.82%) Adobe
15 21 (0.79%) CA Agile Central
15 21 (0.79%) SAP
16 19 (0.71%) Xamarin