Period
to 5 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 5 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
England > London
6 months to
5 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 33 35 34
Rank change year-on-year +2 -1 +4
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 1,014 2,367 2,825
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 6.56% 5.92% 6.17%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.37% 6.67% 6.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 682 1,693 2,077
Median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £370 £363 £350
90th Percentile £688 £638 £638
England median daily rate £498 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +4.74% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 3 8
Median hourly rate £35.00 £29.00 £51.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.69% -43.28% +96.63%
England median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -17.65% - +13.33%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 13,766 35,490 40,558
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 89.00% 88.71% 88.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,283 25,426 29,419
Median daily rate £525 £520 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% +2.04%
10th Percentile £325 £340 £325
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
England median daily rate £488 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +2.63% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 235 424 519
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.50 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% +6.52% -
10th Percentile £17.35 £12.17 £14.00
90th Percentile £54.60 £55.50 £53.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.65 £21.50
% change year-on-year +41.99% +14.65% -7.53%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 5 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 5 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the London region over the 6 months to 5 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +11 184 £550 +7.32% 57
South London +19 101 £500 +11.11% 5
West London -8 35 £525 +13.21% 18
East London +4 17 £425 -15.00% 6
North London +11 1 £425 +9.68% 3
Test Automation
England

For the 6 months to 5 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 609 (60.06%) Agile Software Development
2 428 (42.21%) Java
3 362 (35.70%) DevOps
4 264 (26.04%) Azure
5 249 (24.56%) TDD
6 234 (23.08%) BDD
7 229 (22.58%) AWS
8 221 (21.79%) Security Cleared
9 218 (21.50%) Finance
10 217 (21.40%) SQL
11 214 (21.10%) Microservices
12 212 (20.91%) Python
13 205 (20.22%) JavaScript
13 205 (20.22%) Git (software)
14 192 (18.93%) Selenium
15 187 (18.44%) Jenkins
16 185 (18.24%) Docker
17 174 (17.16%) SC Cleared
18 173 (17.06%) QA
19 172 (16.96%) Scrum
20 169 (16.67%) Continuous Integration
21 160 (15.78%) Kubernetes
22 157 (15.48%) Cucumber
23 153 (15.09%) C#
24 139 (13.71%) Linux
25 133 (13.12%) JIRA
26 127 (12.52%) HTML
27 126 (12.43%) Banking
28 116 (11.44%) SQL Server
29 113 (11.14%) CSS

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (6.02%) Confluence
2 32 (3.16%) Elasticsearch
3 26 (2.56%) Apache Spark
4 10 (0.99%) Tomcat
5 9 (0.89%) JBoss
6 7 (0.69%) Apache
6 7 (0.69%) IIS
6 7 (0.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 7 (0.69%) Red Hat Fuse
7 6 (0.59%) Camunda
7 6 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
7 6 (0.59%) Jetty
7 6 (0.59%) Oracle Coherence
7 6 (0.59%) WebLogic
8 5 (0.49%) MQSeries
8 5 (0.49%) Oracle Self-Service HR
8 5 (0.49%) SAS
9 4 (0.39%) Oracle Workflow
10 3 (0.30%) CMS
10 3 (0.30%) SharePoint
Applications
1 34 (3.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (1.08%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.39%) Figma
4 3 (0.30%) InVision
4 3 (0.30%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.30%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 5 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
1 5 (0.49%) Oracle EBS
1 5 (0.49%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
1 5 (0.49%) SunGard Martini
1 5 (0.49%) thinkFolio
2 4 (0.39%) Workfront
3 3 (0.30%) Oracle 11i
3 3 (0.30%) Oracle Applications
3 3 (0.30%) Oracle ERP
3 3 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
4 2 (0.20%) Elite 3E
4 2 (0.20%) Endur
4 2 (0.20%) Summit
4 2 (0.20%) Workday HCM
5 1 (0.099%) Front Arena
5 1 (0.099%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
5 1 (0.099%) SAP Retail
5 1 (0.099%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.099%) SAP SD
5 1 (0.099%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 264 (26.04%) Azure
2 229 (22.58%) AWS
3 65 (6.41%) GCP
3 65 (6.41%) GitHub
4 25 (2.47%) SaaS
4 25 (2.47%) Serverless
5 23 (2.27%) PaaS
6 18 (1.78%) AWS Lambda
7 17 (1.68%) IaaS
7 17 (1.68%) OpenShift
8 16 (1.58%) Slack
9 14 (1.38%) Azure Data Factory
10 12 (1.18%) Amazon S3
11 11 (1.08%) Azure Functions
12 10 (0.99%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 9 (0.89%) Amazon EC2
13 9 (0.89%) Apigee
14 8 (0.79%) AWS CloudFormation
14 8 (0.79%) Power Platform
15 7 (0.69%) BlazeMeter
Communications & Networking
1 26 (2.56%) SSL
2 25 (2.47%) HTTPS
3 20 (1.97%) HTTP
4 8 (0.79%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.69%) DNS
6 6 (0.59%) Firewall
7 5 (0.49%) DHCP
7 5 (0.49%) SSH
8 3 (0.30%) Internet
9 2 (0.20%) 4G
9 2 (0.20%) AMQP
9 2 (0.20%) DOCSIS
9 2 (0.20%) LTE
9 2 (0.20%) MQTT
9 2 (0.20%) Reverse Proxy
9 2 (0.20%) RTMP
9 2 (0.20%) Skype
9 2 (0.20%) SNMP
9 2 (0.20%) VoLTE
9 2 (0.20%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 116 (11.44%) SQL Server
2 71 (7.00%) MongoDB
3 64 (6.31%) NoSQL
4 33 (3.25%) MySQL
5 31 (3.06%) PostgreSQL
5 31 (3.06%) Relational Database
6 25 (2.47%) Data Warehouse
7 24 (2.37%) Oracle Database
8 23 (2.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 18 (1.78%) Big Data
9 18 (1.78%) Redis
10 15 (1.48%) Data Lake
11 11 (1.08%) Hadoop
11 11 (1.08%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 10 (0.99%) Apache Cassandra
12 10 (0.99%) Data Mining
13 8 (0.79%) Oracle Database 11g
13 8 (0.79%) Power BI
13 8 (0.79%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 7 (0.69%) Microsoft Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 205 (20.22%) Git (software)
2 192 (18.93%) Selenium
3 187 (18.44%) Jenkins
4 157 (15.48%) Cucumber
5 133 (13.12%) JIRA
6 65 (6.41%) Maven
7 58 (5.72%) JUnit
8 53 (5.23%) WebDriver
9 41 (4.04%) JMeter
9 41 (4.04%) Subversion
10 40 (3.94%) SpecFlow
11 39 (3.85%) SoapUI
11 39 (3.85%) Visual Studio
12 37 (3.65%) Team Foundation Server
13 36 (3.55%) Jasmine
13 36 (3.55%) Mockito
14 34 (3.35%) GitLab
14 34 (3.35%) Postman
15 32 (3.16%) Cypress.io
16 30 (2.96%) Bitbucket
General
1 218 (21.50%) Finance
2 126 (12.43%) Banking
3 84 (8.28%) Public Sector
4 47 (4.64%) Front Office
5 45 (4.44%) Investment Banking
6 18 (1.78%) Marketing
7 17 (1.68%) Retail
8 16 (1.58%) Police
9 12 (1.18%) Financial Institution
10 7 (0.69%) Back Office
10 7 (0.69%) Manufacturing
11 6 (0.59%) Games
11 6 (0.59%) Telecoms
12 5 (0.49%) Electronics
12 5 (0.49%) Legal
12 5 (0.49%) Retail Banking
13 4 (0.39%) Law
13 4 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.30%) Publishing
15 2 (0.20%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 472 (46.55%) Developer
2 163 (16.07%) Java Developer
3 112 (11.05%) Tester
4 71 (7.00%) Automation Tester
5 68 (6.71%) Analyst
6 63 (6.21%) Senior Developer
7 62 (6.11%) Architect
8 60 (5.92%) Python Developer
9 59 (5.82%) Test Engineer
10 56 (5.52%) DevOps Engineer
11 42 (4.14%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 40 (3.94%) Test Analyst
13 38 (3.75%) Full Stack Developer
14 36 (3.55%) QA Engineer
14 36 (3.55%) React Developer
15 33 (3.25%) C# Developer
15 33 (3.25%) Test Automation Engineer
16 31 (3.06%) Software Developer
17 26 (2.56%) Java Engineer
18 24 (2.37%) Test Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 127 (12.52%) HTML
2 113 (11.14%) CSS
3 112 (11.05%) REST
4 103 (10.16%) .NET
5 90 (8.88%) AngularJS
6 82 (8.09%) HTML5
7 81 (7.99%) React
7 81 (7.99%) Spring
7 81 (7.99%) Web Services
8 79 (7.79%) RESTful
9 78 (7.69%) Node.js
10 64 (6.31%) Redux
11 51 (5.03%) SOAP
12 46 (4.54%) Sass
12 46 (4.54%) Spring Boot
13 45 (4.44%) Gherkin
14 38 (3.75%) XML
15 36 (3.55%) ActiveMQ
16 35 (3.45%) Kafka
17 34 (3.35%) JAX-RS
Miscellaneous
1 106 (10.45%) User Experience
2 52 (5.13%) Analytical Skills
3 42 (4.14%) Mobile App
4 36 (3.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 31 (3.06%) Derivative
5 31 (3.06%) Greenfield Project
6 28 (2.76%) Fixed Income
7 26 (2.56%) Algorithms
7 26 (2.56%) Virtual Team
8 18 (1.78%) Cloud Native
9 16 (1.58%) Self-Motivation
10 15 (1.48%) Client/Server
10 15 (1.48%) Linux Command Line
11 13 (1.28%) Enterprise Software
12 12 (1.18%) Data Structures
12 12 (1.18%) W3C
13 11 (1.08%) Management Information System
13 11 (1.08%) SCORM
14 10 (0.99%) Hedge funds
15 9 (0.89%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 139 (13.71%) Linux
2 97 (9.57%) Unix
3 89 (8.78%) Windows
4 58 (5.72%) Mac OS X
5 44 (4.34%) Apple iOS
6 42 (4.14%) Android
7 13 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 10 (0.99%) Mac OS
8 10 (0.99%) Ubuntu
9 9 (0.89%) Windows Server
10 8 (0.79%) AIX
11 7 (0.69%) CentOS
12 5 (0.49%) Debian
13 2 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
13 2 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.20%) Windows Server 2016
14 1 (0.099%) Fedora
14 1 (0.099%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 609 (60.06%) Agile Software Development
2 362 (35.70%) DevOps
3 249 (24.56%) TDD
4 234 (23.08%) BDD
5 214 (21.10%) Microservices
6 172 (16.96%) Scrum
7 169 (16.67%) Continuous Integration
8 111 (10.95%) SDLC
9 103 (10.16%) Continuous Delivery
10 102 (10.06%) Regression Testing
11 100 (9.86%) Continuous Deployment
12 87 (8.58%) Problem-Solving
12 87 (8.58%) Test Scripting
13 86 (8.48%) Web Development
14 78 (7.69%) Kanban
14 78 (7.69%) Pair Programming
15 74 (7.30%) Front End Development
16 72 (7.10%) Software Engineering
17 68 (6.71%) Open Source
18 66 (6.51%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 428 (42.21%) Java
2 217 (21.40%) SQL
3 212 (20.91%) Python
4 205 (20.22%) JavaScript
5 153 (15.09%) C#
6 102 (10.06%) Java 8
7 58 (5.72%) TypeScript
8 46 (4.54%) C++
9 36 (3.55%) Ruby
9 36 (3.55%) Scala
10 32 (3.16%) Kotlin
10 32 (3.16%) PowerShell
11 24 (2.37%) Groovy
12 23 (2.27%) Bash Shell
13 21 (2.07%) T-SQL
14 20 (1.97%) C
14 20 (1.97%) Perl
15 17 (1.68%) Apple Swift
16 14 (1.38%) PL/SQL
16 14 (1.38%) VBA
Qualifications
1 221 (21.79%) Security Cleared
2 174 (17.16%) SC Cleared
3 38 (3.75%) Degree
4 35 (3.45%) ISTQB
5 22 (2.17%) ISEB
6 21 (2.07%) BPSS Clearance
7 19 (1.87%) DV Cleared
8 10 (0.99%) Computer Science Degree
9 8 (0.79%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 7 (0.69%) DBS Check
11 6 (0.59%) PhD
12 5 (0.49%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 4 (0.39%) AWS Certification
13 4 (0.39%) Cisco Certification
13 4 (0.39%) CTC Cleared
14 3 (0.30%) CCNA
14 3 (0.30%) ISEB Practitioner
15 2 (0.20%) CCNP
15 2 (0.20%) Master's Degree
15 2 (0.20%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 173 (17.06%) QA
2 37 (3.65%) WCAG
3 5 (0.49%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.49%) ISO 9001
3 5 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.30%) EMIR
4 3 (0.30%) MiFID
5 2 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.20%) GDPR
5 2 (0.20%) GxP
5 2 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 2 (0.20%) PMO
6 1 (0.099%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.099%) PSD2
6 1 (0.099%) SEPA
6 1 (0.099%) SLA
System Software
1 185 (18.24%) Docker
2 17 (1.68%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.099%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.099%) NFS
4 1 (0.099%) Samba
4 1 (0.099%) Virtual Servers
4 1 (0.099%) VirtualBox
4 1 (0.099%) VMware ESXi
4 1 (0.099%) Xen
Systems Management
1 160 (15.78%) Kubernetes
2 53 (5.23%) Terraform
3 49 (4.83%) Ansible
4 26 (2.56%) Puppet
5 23 (2.27%) Opscode Chef
6 22 (2.17%) Prometheus
7 16 (1.58%) Zipkin
8 10 (0.99%) Salt
9 9 (0.89%) Kibana
10 7 (0.69%) Grafana
11 5 (0.49%) HP Quality Center
12 4 (0.39%) logstash
12 4 (0.39%) Nagios
12 4 (0.39%) ZABBIX
13 3 (0.30%) HP ALM
13 3 (0.30%) Mesos
13 3 (0.30%) Packer
13 3 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
14 2 (0.20%) BladeLogic
14 2 (0.20%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 87 (8.58%) Microsoft
2 80 (7.89%) Oracle
3 30 (2.96%) SAP
4 28 (2.76%) Splunk
5 26 (2.56%) Google
6 20 (1.97%) AppDynamics
7 16 (1.58%) HP
8 15 (1.48%) Atlassian
9 14 (1.38%) IBM
9 14 (1.38%) Red Hat
10 13 (1.28%) Sybase
11 11 (1.08%) Databricks
12 9 (0.89%) MuleSoft
13 8 (0.79%) DevExpress
13 8 (0.79%) Novell
13 8 (0.79%) PeopleSoft
13 8 (0.79%) Sun
14 6 (0.59%) Ariba
14 6 (0.59%) Axway
14 6 (0.59%) Murex