Period
to 21 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 21 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
England > London
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 42 37 37
Rank change year-on-year -5 0 -9
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 1,991 849 2,020
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 5.55% 6.03% 5.48%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.08% 6.75% 6.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,455 585 1,436
10th Percentile £400 £374 £363
25th Percentile £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £669 £613 £588
90th Percentile £750 £688 £650
England median daily rate £505 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +6.32% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 2 5
10th Percentile £25.78 £28.00 £15.60
25th Percentile £40.25 £32.50 £27.00
Median hourly rate £64.50 £40.00 £48.50
Median % change year-on-year +61.25% -17.53% -2.51%
75th Percentile £80.44 £47.50 £67.50
90th Percentile £82.35 £52.00 £70.80
England median hourly rate £46.00 £50.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -8.00% +11.11% +12.50%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 32,761 12,569 32,784
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.32% 89.27% 88.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,653 9,050 23,964
10th Percentile £368 £321 £325
25th Percentile £461 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £510 £513
Median % change year-on-year +7.84% -0.54% +2.55%
75th Percentile £650 £619 £600
90th Percentile £738 £713 £688
England median daily rate £523 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.11% - +1.60%
Number of hourly rates quoted 285 104 380
10th Percentile £15.29 £15.00 £12.04
25th Percentile £20.32 £20.38 £15.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £34.33 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +1.96% +52.57% +12.50%
75th Percentile £53.75 £42.25 £43.75
90th Percentile £66.05 £51.87 £52.50
England median hourly rate £24.36 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -2.56% +11.11% +12.50%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the London region over the 6 months to 21 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -22 162 £550 - 135
West London +13 56 £600 +33.33% 39
South London -9 43 £450 -7.22% 21
East London -10 10 £468 +43.85% 40
Test Automation
England

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 1,098 (55.15%) Agile Software Development
2 727 (36.51%) Java
3 620 (31.14%) DevOps
4 512 (25.72%) JavaScript
5 511 (25.67%) Python
6 482 (24.21%) TDD
7 475 (23.86%) Social Skills
8 471 (23.66%) Git (software)
9 466 (23.41%) SQL
10 453 (22.75%) Finance
11 434 (21.80%) Azure
12 415 (20.84%) Jenkins
13 414 (20.79%) Microservices
14 362 (18.18%) AWS
15 360 (18.08%) Scrum
16 351 (17.63%) Continuous Integration
17 331 (16.62%) Selenium
18 326 (16.37%) JIRA
19 322 (16.17%) BDD
20 321 (16.12%) REST
21 312 (15.67%) QA
22 302 (15.17%) Linux
23 294 (14.77%) Software Engineering
24 292 (14.67%) Banking
25 291 (14.62%) Cucumber
26 289 (14.52%) C#
27 266 (13.36%) Kubernetes
28 262 (13.16%) Software Testing
29 252 (12.66%) React
30 245 (12.31%) Docker

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 119 (5.98%) Confluence
2 43 (2.16%) Apache
3 41 (2.06%) Elasticsearch
4 39 (1.96%) CMS
5 34 (1.71%) Apache Spark
6 26 (1.31%) Tomcat
7 24 (1.21%) WebLogic
8 23 (1.16%) SharePoint
9 18 (0.90%) Apache Airflow
9 18 (0.90%) nginx
9 18 (0.90%) Oracle Workflow
10 16 (0.80%) Cloud Foundry
10 16 (0.80%) WebSphere
11 15 (0.75%) OpenStack
12 11 (0.55%) IIS
12 11 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 10 (0.50%) Appian
14 8 (0.40%) Oracle Coherence
15 7 (0.35%) Mule
16 6 (0.30%) Drupal
Applications
1 22 (1.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.45%) Chatbot
3 6 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.20%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.15%) GIMP
6 3 (0.15%) Mingle
7 1 (0.050%) Figma
7 1 (0.050%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.050%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 36 (1.81%) SunGard Martini
2 12 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (0.35%) SAP S/4HANA
4 4 (0.20%) ION MarketView
4 4 (0.20%) Magento
4 4 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 3 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.15%) Endur
5 3 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.10%) Oracle BRM
7 1 (0.050%) BASE24
7 1 (0.050%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.050%) IBM Planning Analytics
7 1 (0.050%) Markit EDM
7 1 (0.050%) Oracle 11i
7 1 (0.050%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.050%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.050%) Oracle General Ledger
7 1 (0.050%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.050%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 434 (21.80%) Azure
2 362 (18.18%) AWS
3 158 (7.94%) GitHub
4 138 (6.93%) GCP
5 131 (6.58%) Serverless
6 64 (3.21%) AWS Lambda
7 62 (3.11%) PaaS
8 54 (2.71%) SaaS
9 52 (2.61%) Power Platform
10 49 (2.46%) IaaS
11 46 (2.31%) OpenShift
12 42 (2.11%) Amazon SQS
13 41 (2.06%) Amazon S3
14 36 (1.81%) Azure Data Factory
15 31 (1.56%) AWS CloudFormation
15 31 (1.56%) Azure Functions
16 29 (1.46%) BrowserStack
17 19 (0.95%) Apigee
18 18 (0.90%) Sauce Labs
19 17 (0.85%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 84 (4.22%) HTTP
2 35 (1.76%) Firewall
3 31 (1.56%) TCP/IP
4 21 (1.05%) DNS
5 18 (0.90%) FIX Connectivity
6 15 (0.75%) SSL
7 11 (0.55%) Intranet
7 11 (0.55%) VPN
8 9 (0.45%) Bluetooth
9 8 (0.40%) RTMP
9 8 (0.40%) Wireless
10 7 (0.35%) HTTPS
10 7 (0.35%) Internet
11 6 (0.30%) DHCP
11 6 (0.30%) DSL
11 6 (0.30%) Kerberos
12 5 (0.25%) 2G
12 5 (0.25%) IPv4
12 5 (0.25%) IPv6
12 5 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 146 (7.33%) Relational Database
2 135 (6.78%) SQL Server
3 105 (5.27%) NoSQL
4 77 (3.87%) Oracle Database
5 76 (3.82%) MySQL
5 76 (3.82%) PostgreSQL
6 75 (3.77%) MongoDB
7 56 (2.81%) Data Warehouse
8 49 (2.46%) Oracle Database 12c
9 47 (2.36%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 47 (2.36%) Data Lake
10 45 (2.26%) Big Data
10 45 (2.26%) Power BI
11 34 (1.71%) Hadoop
12 29 (1.46%) RDBMS
13 28 (1.41%) Tableau
14 25 (1.26%) Apache Cassandra
15 23 (1.16%) Azure SQL Database
16 22 (1.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 21 (1.05%) DB2
Development Applications
1 471 (23.66%) Git (software)
2 415 (20.84%) Jenkins
3 331 (16.62%) Selenium
4 326 (16.37%) JIRA
5 291 (14.62%) Cucumber
6 147 (7.38%) Maven
7 110 (5.52%) TeamCity
8 99 (4.97%) JUnit
9 94 (4.72%) JMeter
10 92 (4.62%) Cypress.io
11 91 (4.57%) Bitbucket
12 90 (4.52%) Subversion
13 87 (4.37%) Postman
14 84 (4.22%) GitLab
14 84 (4.22%) SpecFlow
15 77 (3.87%) WebDriver
16 76 (3.82%) Sonatype Nexus
17 72 (3.62%) REST Assured
18 62 (3.11%) Visual Studio
19 58 (2.91%) Mockito
General
1 475 (23.86%) Social Skills
2 453 (22.75%) Finance
3 292 (14.67%) Banking
4 148 (7.43%) Analytical Skills
5 99 (4.97%) Investment Banking
5 99 (4.97%) Public Sector
6 80 (4.02%) Front Office
7 75 (3.77%) Presentation Skills
8 53 (2.66%) Telecoms
9 45 (2.26%) Marketing
10 38 (1.91%) Retail
11 34 (1.71%) Documentation Skills
12 31 (1.56%) Manufacturing
13 30 (1.51%) Back Office
14 29 (1.46%) Retail Banking
15 27 (1.36%) Legal
16 24 (1.21%) Games
17 21 (1.05%) Electronics
18 17 (0.85%) Influencing Skills
19 13 (0.65%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 842 (42.29%) Developer
2 225 (11.30%) Java Developer
3 194 (9.74%) Tester
4 168 (8.44%) Senior Developer
5 152 (7.63%) Test Engineer
6 134 (6.73%) DevOps Engineer
7 130 (6.53%) Automation Tester
8 100 (5.02%) Analyst
9 94 (4.72%) Test Automation Engineer
10 84 (4.22%) Software Engineer
11 77 (3.87%) Test Analyst
12 69 (3.47%) Full Stack Developer
13 68 (3.42%) Architect
13 68 (3.42%) Python Developer
14 61 (3.06%) Developer in Test
15 56 (2.81%) C++ Developer
16 53 (2.66%) Software Developer
17 50 (2.51%) Senior Java Developer
18 49 (2.46%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 48 (2.41%) Azure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 321 (16.12%) REST
2 252 (12.66%) React
3 227 (11.40%) Spring
4 201 (10.10%) HTML
5 190 (9.54%) .NET
6 188 (9.44%) Node.js
7 187 (9.39%) RESTful
8 181 (9.09%) CSS
9 180 (9.04%) AngularJS
10 151 (7.58%) Web Services
11 148 (7.43%) JSON
12 135 (6.78%) Spring Boot
13 134 (6.73%) Kafka
14 106 (5.32%) XML
15 95 (4.77%) Redux
16 92 (4.62%) HTML5
17 89 (4.47%) Gherkin
18 81 (4.07%) GraphQL
19 74 (3.72%) .NET Framework
20 72 (3.62%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 120 (6.03%) User Experience
2 90 (4.52%) Algorithms
3 76 (3.82%) Mobile App
4 60 (3.01%) Data Structures
4 60 (3.01%) Fixed Income
5 52 (2.61%) Greenfield Project
6 49 (2.46%) Cloud Native
7 46 (2.31%) Self-Motivation
8 38 (1.91%) Management Information System
9 36 (1.81%) Enterprise Software
10 30 (1.51%) Derivative
11 27 (1.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 25 (1.26%) Market Risk
13 24 (1.21%) Data Protection Act
14 23 (1.16%) Client/Server
15 22 (1.10%) Legacy Systems
16 19 (0.95%) Credit Risk
17 17 (0.85%) Public Cloud
18 16 (0.80%) Tandem
19 14 (0.70%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 302 (15.17%) Linux
2 132 (6.63%) Unix
3 124 (6.23%) Windows
4 66 (3.31%) Android
5 61 (3.06%) Apple iOS
6 25 (1.26%) Mac OS X
7 16 (0.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 13 (0.65%) Windows Server
9 12 (0.60%) Mac OS
10 6 (0.30%) Debian
10 6 (0.30%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.15%) AIX
11 3 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
11 3 (0.15%) OpenWrt
11 3 (0.15%) Solaris
11 3 (0.15%) zOS
12 2 (0.10%) VMS
13 1 (0.050%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.050%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,098 (55.15%) Agile Software Development
2 620 (31.14%) DevOps
3 482 (24.21%) TDD
4 414 (20.79%) Microservices
5 360 (18.08%) Scrum
6 351 (17.63%) Continuous Integration
7 322 (16.17%) BDD
8 294 (14.77%) Software Engineering
9 262 (13.16%) Software Testing
10 209 (10.50%) Problem-Solving
11 178 (8.94%) Continuous Delivery
12 173 (8.69%) SDLC
13 165 (8.29%) Unit Testing
14 162 (8.14%) Regression Testing
15 161 (8.09%) Test Strategy
16 155 (7.79%) Analytics
17 153 (7.68%) Full Stack Development
18 147 (7.38%) Deployment Automation
19 146 (7.33%) Mentoring
20 128 (6.43%) SDET
Programming Languages
1 727 (36.51%) Java
2 512 (25.72%) JavaScript
3 511 (25.67%) Python
4 466 (23.41%) SQL
5 289 (14.52%) C#
6 141 (7.08%) TypeScript
7 106 (5.32%) C++
8 92 (4.62%) Scala
9 91 (4.57%) Java 8
10 89 (4.47%) Bash Shell
11 88 (4.42%) Ruby
12 71 (3.57%) PowerShell
13 61 (3.06%) Shell Script
14 58 (2.91%) Groovy
15 57 (2.86%) Kotlin
16 50 (2.51%) C
17 47 (2.36%) Java 11
18 45 (2.26%) PHP
18 45 (2.26%) PL/SQL
19 36 (1.81%) ES6
Qualifications
1 144 (7.23%) Security Cleared
2 119 (5.98%) SC Cleared
3 105 (5.27%) Degree
4 41 (2.06%) Computer Science Degree
5 39 (1.96%) ISTQB
6 23 (1.16%) Numerate Degree
7 21 (1.05%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 18 (0.90%) DV Cleared
8 18 (0.90%) PhD
9 16 (0.80%) ISEB
10 11 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
11 10 (0.50%) CISSP
12 9 (0.45%) BPSS Clearance
13 8 (0.40%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 8 (0.40%) CCSP
13 8 (0.40%) GIAC
14 7 (0.35%) Master's Degree
15 4 (0.20%) DBS Check
15 4 (0.20%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 4 (0.20%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 312 (15.67%) QA
2 97 (4.87%) Accessibility
3 17 (0.85%) GRC
4 15 (0.75%) WCAG
5 9 (0.45%) GDPR
5 9 (0.45%) SLA
6 6 (0.30%) IFRS
6 6 (0.30%) ISO 22301
7 5 (0.25%) Data Quality
8 4 (0.20%) NCSC
8 4 (0.20%) NIST
8 4 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 3 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 3 (0.15%) SOC 2
9 3 (0.15%) WAI
10 2 (0.10%) HL7
10 2 (0.10%) ITGC
11 1 (0.050%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.050%) SOC 1
11 1 (0.050%) TARGET2
System Software
1 245 (12.31%) Docker
2 17 (0.85%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.50%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 10 (0.50%) HDFS
4 6 (0.30%) OpenAM
4 6 (0.30%) vCloud
4 6 (0.30%) vSphere
5 5 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.20%) Xen
7 3 (0.15%) iptables
7 3 (0.15%) KVM
7 3 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.050%) GeoWebCache
8 1 (0.050%) NFS
8 1 (0.050%) Oracle Clusterware
8 1 (0.050%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.050%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.050%) VMware Infrastructure
8 1 (0.050%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 266 (13.36%) Kubernetes
2 147 (7.38%) Ansible
3 146 (7.33%) Terraform
4 48 (2.41%) Puppet
5 40 (2.01%) BladeLogic
6 36 (1.81%) Prometheus
7 30 (1.51%) Grafana
8 28 (1.41%) Kibana
9 18 (0.90%) HP Quality Center
9 18 (0.90%) Istio
10 16 (0.80%) Consul
10 16 (0.80%) Opscode Chef
11 13 (0.65%) logstash
12 12 (0.60%) ITRS Geneos
13 11 (0.55%) Packer
14 10 (0.50%) HP ALM
15 8 (0.40%) Argo
15 8 (0.40%) Control-M
16 7 (0.35%) Nagios
16 7 (0.35%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 200 (10.05%) Oracle
2 139 (6.98%) Microsoft
3 62 (3.11%) Splunk
4 57 (2.86%) Google
5 43 (2.16%) SAP
6 39 (1.96%) Databricks
7 38 (1.91%) MuleSoft
8 37 (1.86%) FIS
9 36 (1.81%) SunGard
10 30 (1.51%) ION Trading
11 28 (1.41%) Salesforce.com
12 27 (1.36%) Red Hat
13 24 (1.21%) HP
14 23 (1.16%) Atlassian
14 23 (1.16%) Pega
15 22 (1.10%) Perfecto Mobile
16 21 (1.05%) CyberArk
17 20 (1.00%) VMware
18 19 (0.95%) IBM
19 13 (0.65%) Telerik