Period
to 11 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 11 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
England > London
6 months to
11 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 48 39 31
Rank change year-on-year -9 -8 +7
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 1,232 1,267 2,673
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 5.27% 5.97% 6.48%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.87% 6.76% 7.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 834 938 1,879
10th Percentile £360 £375 £363
25th Percentile £425 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
75th Percentile £636 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £700 £638
England median daily rate £475 £488 £475
% change year-on-year -2.56% +2.63% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 7 6
10th Percentile £44.25 £29.45 "
25th Percentile £57.00 £44.25 £10.75
Median hourly rate £68.00 £55.00 £11.50
Median % change year-on-year +23.64% +378.26% -61.08%
75th Percentile " £65.39 £26.31
90th Percentile £77.45 £67.82 £31.00
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +5.88% -5.56% -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 20,977 18,751 36,818
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 89.66% 88.31% 89.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,045 13,486 26,701
10th Percentile £350 £325 £331
25th Percentile £425 £413 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £523 £520
Median % change year-on-year +0.48% +0.48% +4.00%
75th Percentile £625 £613 £600
90th Percentile £700 £700 £688
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 219 250 363
10th Percentile £16.10 £13.73 £12.50
25th Percentile £21.86 £18.31 £16.25
Median hourly rate £32.85 £26.50 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +23.96% +17.78% -0.99%
75th Percentile £51.91 £47.47 £39.00
90th Percentile £66.50 £63.00 £51.39
England median hourly rate £25.00 £21.50 £22.65
% change year-on-year +16.28% -5.08% +7.31%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the London region over the 6 months to 11 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -13 140 £550 +1.15% 108
South London +5 30 £450 -10.00% 4
West London +6 29 £525 - 35
East London 0 7 £650 +48.57% 20
Test Automation
England

For the 6 months to 11 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 654 (53.08%) Agile Software Development
2 443 (35.96%) Java
3 399 (32.39%) DevOps
4 349 (28.33%) Python
5 342 (27.76%) Azure
6 318 (25.81%) Finance
7 298 (24.19%) SQL
8 290 (23.54%) TDD
9 281 (22.81%) JavaScript
10 275 (22.32%) Git (software)
10 275 (22.32%) Social Skills
11 259 (21.02%) Jenkins
12 238 (19.32%) BDD
13 224 (18.18%) Scrum
14 222 (18.02%) Microservices
15 215 (17.45%) AWS
16 213 (17.29%) Continuous Integration
17 210 (17.05%) QA
18 195 (15.83%) C#
19 194 (15.75%) Banking
20 193 (15.67%) Selenium
21 177 (14.37%) .NET
22 176 (14.29%) Linux
22 176 (14.29%) Docker
23 175 (14.20%) JIRA
24 165 (13.39%) React
25 163 (13.23%) Software Engineering
26 162 (13.15%) Problem-Solving
27 155 (12.58%) Kubernetes
28 146 (11.85%) Cucumber

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (6.33%) Confluence
2 52 (4.22%) Apache
3 32 (2.60%) Apache Spark
4 16 (1.30%) SharePoint
5 15 (1.22%) Oracle Coherence
6 14 (1.14%) Mule
7 11 (0.89%) Anypoint
7 11 (0.89%) CMS
7 11 (0.89%) Elasticsearch
8 9 (0.73%) Mule ESB
9 8 (0.65%) IIS
9 8 (0.65%) Tomcat
10 7 (0.57%) GemFire
10 7 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 7 (0.57%) Red Hat Fuse
10 7 (0.57%) WebSphere
11 6 (0.49%) Skype for Business
12 5 (0.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 5 (0.41%) nginx
12 5 (0.41%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 8 (0.65%) Chatbot
2 7 (0.57%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.16%) Figma
3 2 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.16%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.16%) Sketch
4 1 (0.081%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 11 (0.89%) SunGard Martini
2 4 (0.32%) SAP S/4HANA
3 3 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.16%) R3 Corda
4 2 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 2 (0.16%) Summit
5 1 (0.081%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.081%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.081%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.081%) OpenText MBPM
5 1 (0.081%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.081%) Tesseract
5 1 (0.081%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 342 (27.76%) Azure
2 215 (17.45%) AWS
3 100 (8.12%) Serverless
4 98 (7.95%) GitHub
5 53 (4.30%) Azure Functions
6 49 (3.98%) AWS Lambda
6 49 (3.98%) GCP
7 44 (3.57%) PaaS
8 41 (3.33%) Power Platform
9 40 (3.25%) Azure Service Bus
10 32 (2.60%) Azure Logic Apps
10 32 (2.60%) IaaS
11 30 (2.44%) SaaS
12 27 (2.19%) Azure Key Vault
13 25 (2.03%) Azure Storage
14 21 (1.70%) Heroku
15 17 (1.38%) Power Automate
16 15 (1.22%) OpenShift
16 15 (1.22%) PowerApps
17 12 (0.97%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 35 (2.84%) HTTP
2 11 (0.89%) Wi-Fi
3 10 (0.81%) SSL
4 8 (0.65%) Firewall
4 8 (0.65%) Internet
4 8 (0.65%) IPv6
4 8 (0.65%) Multicast
4 8 (0.65%) RTMP
5 7 (0.57%) IPv4
6 6 (0.49%) DECT
6 6 (0.49%) DNS
6 6 (0.49%) HTTPS
6 6 (0.49%) PPP
6 6 (0.49%) Skype
6 6 (0.49%) TCP/IP
6 6 (0.49%) UPnP
6 6 (0.49%) Wireshark
7 5 (0.41%) Kerberos
7 5 (0.41%) Unified Communications
8 4 (0.32%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (6.57%) SQL Server
2 67 (5.44%) NoSQL
3 65 (5.28%) Relational Database
4 45 (3.65%) PostgreSQL
5 37 (3.00%) MongoDB
5 37 (3.00%) Tableau
6 35 (2.84%) Azure SQL Database
7 30 (2.44%) Big Data
8 26 (2.11%) Power BI
9 22 (1.79%) Data Lake
10 21 (1.70%) Tableau Desktop
10 21 (1.70%) Tableau Server
11 20 (1.62%) Apache Ignite
11 20 (1.62%) Hadoop
12 19 (1.54%) Apache Cassandra
12 19 (1.54%) Data Warehouse
13 18 (1.46%) Oracle Database
14 17 (1.38%) MySQL
15 14 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 14 (1.14%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 275 (22.32%) Git (software)
2 259 (21.02%) Jenkins
3 193 (15.67%) Selenium
4 175 (14.20%) JIRA
5 146 (11.85%) Cucumber
6 86 (6.98%) Maven
7 72 (5.84%) Postman
8 52 (4.22%) JUnit
9 49 (3.98%) Cypress.io
10 48 (3.90%) GitLab
11 47 (3.81%) JMeter
12 46 (3.73%) SoapUI
12 46 (3.73%) webpack
13 45 (3.65%) WebDriver
14 41 (3.33%) Bitbucket
15 40 (3.25%) SpecFlow
15 40 (3.25%) TeamCity
16 38 (3.08%) Visual Studio Team System
17 36 (2.92%) Subversion
18 31 (2.52%) REST Assured
General
1 318 (25.81%) Finance
2 275 (22.32%) Social Skills
3 194 (15.75%) Banking
4 91 (7.39%) Analytical Skills
5 64 (5.19%) Front Office
6 60 (4.87%) Investment Banking
7 47 (3.81%) Public Sector
8 31 (2.52%) Marketing
9 30 (2.44%) Telecoms
10 25 (2.03%) Presentation Skills
11 23 (1.87%) Back Office
12 16 (1.30%) Retail
13 14 (1.14%) Financial Institution
14 13 (1.06%) Influencing Skills
15 12 (0.97%) Games
15 12 (0.97%) Manufacturing
16 11 (0.89%) Documentation Skills
16 11 (0.89%) Electronics
16 11 (0.89%) Legal
16 11 (0.89%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 526 (42.69%) Developer
2 127 (10.31%) Java Developer
3 123 (9.98%) Tester
4 120 (9.74%) Senior Developer
5 75 (6.09%) Automation Tester
6 72 (5.84%) Analyst
7 70 (5.68%) DevOps Engineer
8 60 (4.87%) Test Engineer
9 54 (4.38%) Python Developer
10 50 (4.06%) Architect
10 50 (4.06%) React Developer
11 44 (3.57%) Full Stack Developer
12 43 (3.49%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 43 (3.49%) Software Engineer
13 42 (3.41%) Test Analyst
14 40 (3.25%) QA Engineer
15 38 (3.08%) .NET Developer
16 36 (2.92%) C++ Developer
17 35 (2.84%) Test Automation Engineer
18 34 (2.76%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 177 (14.37%) .NET
2 165 (13.39%) React
3 139 (11.28%) REST
4 138 (11.20%) Node.js
5 134 (10.88%) HTML
6 130 (10.55%) CSS
7 106 (8.60%) Spring
8 99 (8.04%) RESTful
9 88 (7.14%) Redux
10 85 (6.90%) AngularJS
11 77 (6.25%) Kafka
12 76 (6.17%) Web Services
13 71 (5.76%) JSON
14 67 (5.44%) GraphQL
15 60 (4.87%) XML
16 57 (4.63%) Spring Boot
17 55 (4.46%) SOAP
18 54 (4.38%) HTML5
19 44 (3.57%) Gherkin
20 43 (3.49%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 85 (6.90%) User Experience
2 79 (6.41%) Mobile App
3 61 (4.95%) Fixed Income
4 45 (3.65%) Algorithms
4 45 (3.65%) Greenfield Project
5 39 (3.17%) Self-Motivation
6 34 (2.76%) Cloud Native
7 33 (2.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 32 (2.60%) Equities
9 30 (2.44%) Data Structures
10 26 (2.11%) Derivative
11 22 (1.79%) Management Information System
12 18 (1.46%) Virtual Team
13 16 (1.30%) SWIFT
14 15 (1.22%) N-Tier
15 14 (1.14%) Hedge funds
15 14 (1.14%) Market Risk
16 13 (1.06%) Enterprise Software
17 12 (0.97%) Client/Server
17 12 (0.97%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 176 (14.29%) Linux
2 80 (6.49%) Unix
3 68 (5.52%) Windows
4 58 (4.71%) Android
5 53 (4.30%) Apple iOS
6 28 (2.27%) Mac OS X
7 8 (0.65%) Windows Server
8 7 (0.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 6 (0.49%) OpenWrt
10 3 (0.24%) Windows 10
11 2 (0.16%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.081%) CentOS
12 1 (0.081%) MVS
12 1 (0.081%) Tizen
12 1 (0.081%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.081%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 654 (53.08%) Agile Software Development
2 399 (32.39%) DevOps
3 290 (23.54%) TDD
4 238 (19.32%) BDD
5 224 (18.18%) Scrum
6 222 (18.02%) Microservices
7 213 (17.29%) Continuous Integration
8 163 (13.23%) Software Engineering
9 162 (13.15%) Problem-Solving
10 131 (10.63%) SDLC
11 116 (9.42%) Deployment Automation
12 113 (9.17%) Software Testing
13 103 (8.36%) Open Source
13 103 (8.36%) Unit Testing
14 101 (8.20%) Continuous Delivery
15 95 (7.71%) Continuous Improvement
16 84 (6.82%) Test Strategy
17 79 (6.41%) Analytics
17 79 (6.41%) Computer Science
18 77 (6.25%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 443 (35.96%) Java
2 349 (28.33%) Python
3 298 (24.19%) SQL
4 281 (22.81%) JavaScript
5 195 (15.83%) C#
6 91 (7.39%) PowerShell
7 83 (6.74%) TypeScript
8 69 (5.60%) C++
9 62 (5.03%) Java 8
10 55 (4.46%) Bash Shell
11 53 (4.30%) Scala
12 49 (3.98%) ES6
13 46 (3.73%) Ruby
14 45 (3.65%) Shell Script
15 41 (3.33%) Kotlin
16 36 (2.92%) C
17 28 (2.27%) Go
18 23 (1.87%) T-SQL
19 19 (1.54%) PL/SQL
20 14 (1.14%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 123 (9.98%) Security Cleared
2 95 (7.71%) SC Cleared
3 74 (6.01%) Degree
4 29 (2.35%) DV Cleared
5 26 (2.11%) Computer Science Degree
6 25 (2.03%) ISTQB
7 13 (1.06%) ISEB
8 8 (0.65%) PhD
9 7 (0.57%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 7 (0.57%) Master's Degree
10 6 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
10 6 (0.49%) Numerate Degree
11 5 (0.41%) CHECK Team Leader
11 5 (0.41%) CREST Certified
12 4 (0.32%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 4 (0.32%) ITIL Certification
13 3 (0.24%) AWS Certification
14 2 (0.16%) ISEB Practitioner
14 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
14 2 (0.16%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 210 (17.05%) QA
2 10 (0.81%) GDPR
3 8 (0.65%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.49%) JTAG
4 6 (0.49%) PCI DSS
5 5 (0.41%) WCAG
6 4 (0.32%) MiFID
6 4 (0.32%) NIST
7 3 (0.24%) ISO 20022
7 3 (0.24%) SLA
7 3 (0.24%) TARGET2
8 2 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
8 2 (0.16%) ISO 15022
8 2 (0.16%) ISO 9001
8 2 (0.16%) SEPA
9 1 (0.081%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.081%) GRC
9 1 (0.081%) IFRS
9 1 (0.081%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 176 (14.29%) Docker
2 17 (1.38%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.89%) GridGain
4 5 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 5 (0.41%) HDFS
5 4 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.16%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.16%) KVM
6 2 (0.16%) NFS
7 1 (0.081%) Firmware
7 1 (0.081%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.081%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 155 (12.58%) Kubernetes
2 103 (8.36%) Terraform
3 89 (7.22%) Ansible
4 27 (2.19%) Puppet
5 20 (1.62%) Opscode Chef
6 15 (1.22%) Prometheus
7 12 (0.97%) Grafana
8 11 (0.89%) HP Quality Center
9 7 (0.57%) Packer
9 7 (0.57%) Zipkin
10 6 (0.49%) CloudHub
10 6 (0.49%) Rancher
11 5 (0.41%) HP ALM
11 5 (0.41%) Istio
12 3 (0.24%) Consul
12 3 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
12 3 (0.24%) Kibana
12 3 (0.24%) Mesos
12 3 (0.24%) Microsoft Intune
12 3 (0.24%) Nagios
Vendors
1 85 (6.90%) Oracle
2 76 (6.17%) Microsoft
3 27 (2.19%) MuleSoft
4 24 (1.95%) SAP
5 23 (1.87%) Splunk
6 21 (1.70%) Google
7 20 (1.62%) Databricks
8 16 (1.30%) Salesforce.com
9 15 (1.22%) HP
10 12 (0.97%) IBM
11 11 (0.89%) FIS
11 11 (0.89%) SunGard
12 10 (0.81%) Bloomberg
13 8 (0.65%) Adobe
13 8 (0.65%) Apple
14 6 (0.49%) Atlassian
14 6 (0.49%) ION Trading
14 6 (0.49%) ServiceNow
14 6 (0.49%) Solace
14 6 (0.49%) Xamarin