Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
England > London
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 39 40 27
Rank change year-on-year +1 -13 +8
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 1,130 1,491 3,047
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 5.65% 5.37% 7.06%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.35% 6.11% 7.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 961 1,116 2,226
Median daily rate £500 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £358 £363 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £625
England median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 7 3
Median hourly rate £63.50 £47.50 £11.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +33.68% +313.04% -52.26%
10th Percentile £30.38 £8.00 £10.75
90th Percentile £68.00 £59.85 £12.25
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £43.50
% change year-on-year +5.88% -2.30% -3.33%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 17,807 24,400 38,386
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 89.08% 87.82% 88.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,735 17,733 27,877
Median daily rate £510 £515 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.97% +0.49% +2.50%
10th Percentile £325 £320 £325
90th Percentile £700 £699 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 178 298 381
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.00% +11.11% +2.27%
10th Percentile £17.93 £12.44 £12.50
90th Percentile £66.50 £54.05 £47.25
Median hourly rate £25.75 £21.00 £22.25
% change year-on-year +22.62% -5.62% -1.11%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the London region over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -6 128 £550 +4.76% 115
South London +25 56 £468 +2.47% 4
West London +17 22 £500 -4.76% 39
East London +23 7 £225 -48.57% 22
Test Automation
England

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 632 (55.93%) Agile Software Development
2 405 (35.84%) Java
3 364 (32.21%) DevOps
4 297 (26.28%) Azure
5 280 (24.78%) Python
6 271 (23.98%) JavaScript
7 268 (23.72%) TDD
8 261 (23.10%) Finance
9 226 (20.00%) Git (software)
10 217 (19.20%) SQL
11 214 (18.94%) BDD
12 209 (18.50%) AWS
13 206 (18.23%) Microservices
13 206 (18.23%) Jenkins
14 202 (17.88%) Scrum
15 198 (17.52%) Continuous Integration
16 186 (16.46%) Selenium
17 180 (15.93%) QA
18 176 (15.58%) Banking
18 176 (15.58%) C#
19 172 (15.22%) Docker
20 161 (14.25%) .NET
21 152 (13.45%) React
22 148 (13.10%) Linux
23 147 (13.01%) JIRA
23 147 (13.01%) Security Cleared
24 138 (12.21%) Node.js
24 138 (12.21%) REST
25 136 (12.04%) Kubernetes
26 135 (11.95%) Software Engineering

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (5.40%) Confluence
2 31 (2.74%) Apache
3 23 (2.04%) Apache Spark
4 19 (1.68%) Apache Airflow
5 13 (1.15%) Elasticsearch
6 12 (1.06%) SharePoint
7 8 (0.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 8 (0.71%) Anypoint
7 8 (0.71%) CMS
7 8 (0.71%) Mule
8 6 (0.53%) Mule ESB
8 6 (0.53%) NServiceBus
8 6 (0.53%) Oracle Coherence
8 6 (0.53%) Skype for Business
8 6 (0.53%) Tomcat
9 5 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
10 4 (0.35%) Jupyter
10 4 (0.35%) nginx
10 4 (0.35%) Red Hat Fuse
11 3 (0.27%) Camunda
Applications
1 7 (0.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.27%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.18%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.18%) Sketch
5 1 (0.088%) Figma
Business Applications
1 6 (0.53%) SunGard Martini
2 5 (0.44%) SAP S/4HANA
3 4 (0.35%) ION MarketView
3 4 (0.35%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 3 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.27%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.18%) Loan IQ
5 2 (0.18%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.18%) Summit
6 1 (0.088%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.088%) OpenText MBPM
6 1 (0.088%) PeopleSoft Financials
6 1 (0.088%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.088%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 297 (26.28%) Azure
2 209 (18.50%) AWS
3 101 (8.94%) GitHub
4 90 (7.96%) Serverless
5 52 (4.60%) Azure Functions
6 44 (3.89%) AWS Lambda
7 40 (3.54%) Logic Apps
8 39 (3.45%) PaaS
9 38 (3.36%) GCP
10 35 (3.10%) Power Platform
11 29 (2.57%) IaaS
12 25 (2.21%) SaaS
13 22 (1.95%) PowerApps
14 21 (1.86%) Power Automate
15 16 (1.42%) Cloud Computing
15 16 (1.42%) Heroku
15 16 (1.42%) Slack
16 14 (1.24%) Amazon ECS
17 13 (1.15%) Apigee
18 12 (1.06%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 31 (2.74%) HTTP
2 18 (1.59%) Firewall
3 15 (1.33%) Wi-Fi
4 10 (0.88%) HTTPS
5 9 (0.80%) IPv6
6 8 (0.71%) IPv4
6 8 (0.71%) SSL
7 7 (0.62%) DECT
7 7 (0.62%) Internet
7 7 (0.62%) Multicast
7 7 (0.62%) PPP
7 7 (0.62%) TCP/IP
7 7 (0.62%) UPnP
8 6 (0.53%) Skype
9 5 (0.44%) Unified Communications
9 5 (0.44%) Wireshark
10 4 (0.35%) DNS
10 4 (0.35%) PBX
10 4 (0.35%) VPN
11 3 (0.27%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 80 (7.08%) SQL Server
2 54 (4.78%) NoSQL
3 48 (4.25%) Relational Database
4 42 (3.72%) MongoDB
5 41 (3.63%) Azure SQL Database
6 40 (3.54%) Big Data
7 27 (2.39%) MySQL
8 25 (2.21%) Data Warehouse
8 25 (2.21%) PostgreSQL
9 22 (1.95%) Oracle Database
10 21 (1.86%) OLTP
11 20 (1.77%) Data Lake
12 17 (1.50%) Hadoop
13 16 (1.42%) Tableau
14 15 (1.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 15 (1.33%) Amazon RDS
14 15 (1.33%) Oracle Database 12c
15 14 (1.24%) Power BI
15 14 (1.24%) RDBMS
16 13 (1.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 226 (20.00%) Git (software)
2 206 (18.23%) Jenkins
3 186 (16.46%) Selenium
4 147 (13.01%) JIRA
5 131 (11.59%) Cucumber
6 68 (6.02%) Maven
7 57 (5.04%) Postman
8 50 (4.42%) Cypress.io
8 50 (4.42%) GitLab
8 50 (4.42%) webpack
9 46 (4.07%) JMeter
9 46 (4.07%) JUnit
9 46 (4.07%) Visual Studio Team System
10 43 (3.81%) SoapUI
11 41 (3.63%) WebDriver
12 38 (3.36%) Bitbucket
13 37 (3.27%) SpecFlow
14 29 (2.57%) REST Assured
15 24 (2.12%) Visual Studio
16 23 (2.04%) LoadRunner
General
1 261 (23.10%) Finance
2 176 (15.58%) Banking
3 74 (6.55%) Investment Banking
4 70 (6.19%) Front Office
5 57 (5.04%) Public Sector
6 26 (2.30%) Marketing
7 20 (1.77%) Telecoms
8 14 (1.24%) Back Office
8 14 (1.24%) Financial Institution
9 12 (1.06%) Retail Banking
10 11 (0.97%) Law
10 11 (0.97%) Legal
11 8 (0.71%) Publishing
11 8 (0.71%) Retail
12 7 (0.62%) Electronics
12 7 (0.62%) Games
13 6 (0.53%) Advertising
13 6 (0.53%) Manufacturing
14 5 (0.44%) Multimedia
14 5 (0.44%) Police
Job Titles
1 430 (38.05%) Developer
2 126 (11.15%) Tester
3 89 (7.88%) Java Developer
4 88 (7.79%) Senior Developer
5 76 (6.73%) DevOps Engineer
6 68 (6.02%) Automation Tester
7 65 (5.75%) Analyst
8 49 (4.34%) Full Stack Developer
9 48 (4.25%) QA Engineer
9 48 (4.25%) Test Engineer
10 44 (3.89%) Architect
10 44 (3.89%) React Developer
11 43 (3.81%) Test Analyst
12 42 (3.72%) Software Engineer
13 38 (3.36%) .NET Developer
14 37 (3.27%) Python Developer
15 35 (3.10%) Automation Engineer
16 33 (2.92%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 32 (2.83%) Azure Engineer
18 30 (2.65%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 161 (14.25%) .NET
2 152 (13.45%) React
3 138 (12.21%) Node.js
3 138 (12.21%) REST
4 117 (10.35%) CSS
5 116 (10.27%) HTML
6 79 (6.99%) Redux
7 78 (6.90%) RESTful
8 76 (6.73%) AngularJS
8 76 (6.73%) Web Services
9 75 (6.64%) Spring
10 63 (5.58%) JSON
10 63 (5.58%) Kafka
11 60 (5.31%) GraphQL
12 55 (4.87%) Spring Boot
13 54 (4.78%) HTML5
14 53 (4.69%) XML
15 49 (4.34%) SOAP
16 39 (3.45%) .NET Framework
17 31 (2.74%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 98 (8.67%) Analytical Skills
2 97 (8.58%) User Experience
3 74 (6.55%) Mobile App
4 39 (3.45%) Greenfield Project
5 33 (2.92%) Data Structures
5 33 (2.92%) Fixed Income
6 32 (2.83%) Equities
6 32 (2.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 29 (2.57%) Derivative
8 25 (2.21%) Algorithms
8 25 (2.21%) Cloud Native
9 23 (2.04%) Virtual Team
10 21 (1.86%) Self-Motivation
11 16 (1.42%) N-Tier
12 14 (1.24%) DataPower
12 14 (1.24%) Management Information System
13 13 (1.15%) Embedded Systems
13 13 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
13 13 (1.15%) Public Cloud
14 12 (1.06%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 148 (13.10%) Linux
2 67 (5.93%) Android
2 67 (5.93%) Apple iOS
3 61 (5.40%) Unix
4 44 (3.89%) Windows
5 27 (2.39%) Mac OS X
6 7 (0.62%) OpenWrt
7 6 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.27%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.18%) Android TV
9 2 (0.18%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.088%) CentOS
10 1 (0.088%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.088%) Tizen
10 1 (0.088%) webOS
10 1 (0.088%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 632 (55.93%) Agile Software Development
2 364 (32.21%) DevOps
3 268 (23.72%) TDD
4 214 (18.94%) BDD
5 206 (18.23%) Microservices
6 202 (17.88%) Scrum
7 198 (17.52%) Continuous Integration
8 135 (11.95%) Software Engineering
9 124 (10.97%) SDLC
10 119 (10.53%) Problem-Solving
11 114 (10.09%) Continuous Delivery
12 111 (9.82%) Deployment Automation
13 91 (8.05%) Open Source
14 87 (7.70%) Unit Testing
15 82 (7.26%) Kanban
15 82 (7.26%) Test Strategy
16 67 (5.93%) Regression Testing
17 64 (5.66%) Continuous Improvement
18 62 (5.49%) Continuous Deployment
19 60 (5.31%) Performance Testing
Programming Languages
1 405 (35.84%) Java
2 280 (24.78%) Python
3 271 (23.98%) JavaScript
4 217 (19.20%) SQL
5 176 (15.58%) C#
6 71 (6.28%) PowerShell
7 67 (5.93%) TypeScript
8 62 (5.49%) Kotlin
9 50 (4.42%) Scala
10 47 (4.16%) Bash Shell
10 47 (4.16%) Java 8
11 44 (3.89%) Shell Script
12 36 (3.19%) Ruby
13 30 (2.65%) ES6
13 30 (2.65%) Go
14 26 (2.30%) C++
15 23 (2.04%) Apple Swift
15 23 (2.04%) C
16 18 (1.59%) PHP
17 17 (1.50%) Perl
Qualifications
1 147 (13.01%) Security Cleared
2 120 (10.62%) SC Cleared
3 51 (4.51%) Degree
4 31 (2.74%) ISTQB
5 24 (2.12%) DV Cleared
6 16 (1.42%) Computer Science Degree
7 15 (1.33%) ISEB
8 8 (0.71%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 6 (0.53%) PhD
10 5 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
11 4 (0.35%) CHECK Team Leader
11 4 (0.35%) CREST Certified
11 4 (0.35%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 3 (0.27%) ITIL Certification
13 2 (0.18%) AWS Certification
13 2 (0.18%) ISEB Practitioner
13 2 (0.18%) Master's Degree
13 2 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
13 2 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
14 1 (0.088%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 180 (15.93%) QA
2 9 (0.80%) WCAG
3 8 (0.71%) NIST
4 7 (0.62%) JTAG
4 7 (0.62%) PCI DSS
5 6 (0.53%) Data Quality
6 5 (0.44%) MiFID
7 4 (0.35%) GDPR
8 3 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.18%) Dodd-Frank
9 2 (0.18%) IFRS
9 2 (0.18%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.18%) SEPA
9 2 (0.18%) TARGET2
10 1 (0.088%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.088%) Government Security Classifications
10 1 (0.088%) ISO 15022
10 1 (0.088%) ISO 20022
10 1 (0.088%) NCSC
10 1 (0.088%) NIST 800
System Software
1 172 (15.22%) Docker
2 9 (0.80%) Active Directory
2 9 (0.80%) GridGain
3 5 (0.44%) HDFS
3 5 (0.44%) Hyper-V
4 3 (0.27%) Firmware
4 3 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.18%) KVM
5 2 (0.18%) NFS
6 1 (0.088%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.088%) iptables
6 1 (0.088%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 136 (12.04%) Kubernetes
2 101 (8.94%) Terraform
3 73 (6.46%) Ansible
4 21 (1.86%) Puppet
5 16 (1.42%) Opscode Chef
6 14 (1.24%) Grafana
6 14 (1.24%) Prometheus
7 9 (0.80%) Rancher
8 8 (0.71%) HP ALM
8 8 (0.71%) Kibana
8 8 (0.71%) Zipkin
9 5 (0.44%) Consul
10 4 (0.35%) BladeLogic
10 4 (0.35%) ITRS Geneos
10 4 (0.35%) Packer
11 3 (0.27%) CloudHub
11 3 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
11 3 (0.27%) HP Quality Center
11 3 (0.27%) Rundeck
12 2 (0.18%) Mesos
Vendors
1 72 (6.37%) Microsoft
2 65 (5.75%) Oracle
3 26 (2.30%) Google
4 21 (1.86%) Databricks
4 21 (1.86%) MuleSoft
5 18 (1.59%) Salesforce.com
6 17 (1.50%) SAP
7 14 (1.24%) Apple
7 14 (1.24%) Splunk
8 12 (1.06%) Bloomberg
9 11 (0.97%) HP
10 10 (0.88%) Adobe
11 8 (0.71%) Xamarin
12 7 (0.62%) IBM
12 7 (0.62%) ION Trading
13 6 (0.53%) AppDynamics
13 6 (0.53%) Atlassian
13 6 (0.53%) FIS
13 6 (0.53%) ServiceNow
13 6 (0.53%) SunGard