Period
to 16 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 16 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
England > London
6 months to
16 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 42 25 35
Rank change year-on-year -17 +10 +1
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 1,484 3,174 2,761
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 5.24% 7.26% 5.89%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.00% 8.17% 6.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,059 2,281 2,082
London median daily rate £520 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.00% - +7.53%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £350
90th Percentile £675 £625 £638
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 7 7
London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £24.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +45.29% -48.19%
10th Percentile £8.00 £10.75 £20.38
90th Percentile £67.50 £35.00 £110.50
England median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% -5.56% +12.50%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 24,722 38,830 41,283
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 87.33% 88.78% 88.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,556 27,747 30,073
London median daily rate £513 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £320 £325 £313
90th Percentile £694 £675 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 344 436 481
London median hourly rate £26.00 £25.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.00% +8.70% -8.00%
10th Percentile £12.65 £12.76 £13.50
90th Percentile £53.19 £48.75 £50.50
England median hourly rate £22.50 £24.00 £24.09
% change year-on-year -6.25% -0.37% -1.67%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 16 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 16 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the London region over the 6 months to 16 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -12 314 £518 +3.50% 155
South London -20 67 £445 -15.24% 23
West London -14 50 £525 +12.30% 62
East London -13 17 £488 -7.14% 42
North London +11 1 £375 - 7
Test Automation
England

For the 6 months to 16 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 897 (60.44%) Agile Software Development
2 535 (36.05%) Java
3 456 (30.73%) JavaScript
4 439 (29.58%) DevOps
5 361 (24.33%) TDD
6 331 (22.30%) Azure
7 301 (20.28%) C#
8 298 (20.08%) Continuous Integration
9 294 (19.81%) Git (software)
9 294 (19.81%) SQL
10 290 (19.54%) Selenium
11 278 (18.73%) Finance
12 269 (18.13%) Scrum
13 263 (17.72%) HTML
13 263 (17.72%) Jenkins
14 257 (17.32%) CSS
15 247 (16.64%) AWS
15 247 (16.64%) BDD
16 239 (16.11%) QA
17 237 (15.97%) Microservices
18 222 (14.96%) JIRA
19 215 (14.49%) Docker
20 207 (13.95%) .NET
21 194 (13.07%) Security Cleared
22 188 (12.67%) AngularJS
23 187 (12.60%) Cucumber
24 185 (12.47%) Python
25 176 (11.86%) RESTful
26 167 (11.25%) Software Engineering
27 164 (11.05%) Web Services

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 90 (6.06%) Confluence
2 43 (2.90%) Elasticsearch
3 31 (2.09%) Apache
4 23 (1.55%) Tomcat
5 20 (1.35%) Apache Spark
6 16 (1.08%) Camunda
7 14 (0.94%) SAS
8 13 (0.88%) nginx
9 10 (0.67%) NServiceBus
10 9 (0.61%) Jetty
11 8 (0.54%) IIS
11 8 (0.54%) Mattermost
11 8 (0.54%) OpenStack
12 7 (0.47%) CMS
13 6 (0.40%) Anypoint
14 5 (0.34%) Apache Airflow
14 5 (0.34%) JBoss
14 5 (0.34%) Oracle Workflow
15 4 (0.27%) Red Hat Fuse
16 3 (0.20%) Luigi
Applications
1 11 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.20%) Zeplin
4 2 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
4 2 (0.13%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.13%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.067%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.067%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 13 (0.88%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 9 (0.61%) thinkFolio
3 7 (0.47%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 6 (0.40%) BusinessWorks
5 4 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
5 4 (0.27%) Maximo
6 3 (0.20%) Elite 3E
6 3 (0.20%) ION MarketView
6 3 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
7 2 (0.13%) Oracle Receivables
7 2 (0.13%) SAP HR
7 2 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
8 1 (0.067%) Adobe Campaign
8 1 (0.067%) Endur
8 1 (0.067%) MoSes
8 1 (0.067%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.067%) PolarLake
8 1 (0.067%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 331 (22.30%) Azure
2 247 (16.64%) AWS
3 95 (6.40%) GitHub
4 51 (3.44%) GCP
5 44 (2.96%) PaaS
6 37 (2.49%) Serverless
7 33 (2.22%) Azure Data Factory
8 25 (1.68%) Power Platform
9 20 (1.35%) Azure Active Directory
10 18 (1.21%) Cloud Computing
10 18 (1.21%) IaaS
11 17 (1.15%) Heroku
11 17 (1.15%) SaaS
12 16 (1.08%) npm
13 13 (0.88%) OpenShift
14 11 (0.74%) Data Lake Analytics
14 11 (0.74%) NuGet
15 9 (0.61%) AWS CloudFormation
15 9 (0.61%) AWS Lambda
15 9 (0.61%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 60 (4.04%) HTTP
2 31 (2.09%) TCP/IP
3 17 (1.15%) Internet
3 17 (1.15%) Multicast
4 16 (1.08%) DNS
4 16 (1.08%) Kerberos
5 15 (1.01%) DHCP
6 13 (0.88%) Firewall
7 12 (0.81%) Wireless
7 12 (0.81%) Wireshark
8 7 (0.47%) Ethernet
8 7 (0.47%) SSL
8 7 (0.47%) Wi-Fi
9 6 (0.40%) HTTPS
9 6 (0.40%) SSH
10 5 (0.34%) IPv4
10 5 (0.34%) IPv6
10 5 (0.34%) Reverse Proxy
10 5 (0.34%) VPN
10 5 (0.34%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 118 (7.95%) SQL Server
2 83 (5.59%) Relational Database
3 82 (5.53%) NoSQL
4 63 (4.25%) MongoDB
5 56 (3.77%) MySQL
6 51 (3.44%) PostgreSQL
7 38 (2.56%) Redis
8 37 (2.49%) Data Warehouse
9 36 (2.43%) Data Lake
10 31 (2.09%) Azure SQL Database
11 29 (1.95%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 28 (1.89%) Big Data
13 23 (1.55%) Power BI
14 16 (1.08%) Cosmos DB
14 16 (1.08%) Hadoop
15 15 (1.01%) Apache Cassandra
15 15 (1.01%) Oracle Database
16 13 (0.88%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 12 (0.81%) Neo4j
18 11 (0.74%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 294 (19.81%) Git (software)
2 290 (19.54%) Selenium
3 263 (17.72%) Jenkins
4 222 (14.96%) JIRA
5 187 (12.60%) Cucumber
6 100 (6.74%) WebDriver
7 83 (5.59%) Maven
8 70 (4.72%) SpecFlow
9 68 (4.58%) JUnit
10 51 (3.44%) Visual Studio Team System
11 48 (3.23%) JMeter
11 48 (3.23%) Postman
11 48 (3.23%) Visual Studio
12 47 (3.17%) TeamCity
13 45 (3.03%) Team Foundation Server
14 34 (2.29%) Bitbucket
15 33 (2.22%) Gradle
15 33 (2.22%) Mockito
16 32 (2.16%) NUnit
17 31 (2.09%) SoapUI
General
1 278 (18.73%) Finance
2 154 (10.38%) Banking
3 82 (5.53%) Public Sector
4 42 (2.83%) Front Office
5 37 (2.49%) Retail
6 33 (2.22%) Investment Banking
7 32 (2.16%) Law
8 21 (1.42%) Marketing
9 20 (1.35%) Back Office
10 17 (1.15%) Legal
11 16 (1.08%) Telecoms
12 13 (0.88%) Advertising
13 12 (0.81%) Retail Banking
14 11 (0.74%) Police
15 10 (0.67%) Games
16 8 (0.54%) Financial Institution
17 7 (0.47%) Electronics
17 7 (0.47%) Manufacturing
18 6 (0.40%) Publishing
19 3 (0.20%) Billing
Job Titles
1 679 (45.75%) Developer
2 163 (10.98%) Java Developer
3 144 (9.70%) Tester
4 114 (7.68%) Senior Developer
5 106 (7.14%) Automation Tester
6 90 (6.06%) Analyst
7 79 (5.32%) DevOps Engineer
8 76 (5.12%) C# Developer
9 74 (4.99%) React Developer
9 74 (4.99%) Test Engineer
10 70 (4.72%) Architect
11 65 (4.38%) Full Stack Developer
12 63 (4.25%) Test Analyst
13 57 (3.84%) Software Developer
14 53 (3.57%) .NET Developer
15 52 (3.50%) Software Engineer
16 50 (3.37%) Developer in Test
17 43 (2.90%) AWS Engineer
17 43 (2.90%) QA Engineer
18 42 (2.83%) Test Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 263 (17.72%) HTML
2 257 (17.32%) CSS
3 207 (13.95%) .NET
4 188 (12.67%) AngularJS
5 176 (11.86%) RESTful
6 164 (11.05%) Web Services
7 162 (10.92%) React
8 146 (9.84%) Spring
9 141 (9.50%) Node.js
10 118 (7.95%) REST
11 115 (7.75%) HTML5
12 93 (6.27%) Redux
13 90 (6.06%) JSON
14 61 (4.11%) Spring Boot
15 60 (4.04%) Ruby on Rails
15 60 (4.04%) XML
16 54 (3.64%) SOAP
17 52 (3.50%) CSS3
18 50 (3.37%) ASP.NET
19 48 (3.23%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 126 (8.49%) Analytical Skills
2 103 (6.94%) User Experience
3 57 (3.84%) Greenfield Project
4 56 (3.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 55 (3.71%) Data Structures
6 52 (3.50%) Mobile App
7 49 (3.30%) Algorithms
8 32 (2.16%) Equities
8 32 (2.16%) Virtual Team
9 26 (1.75%) Derivative
10 23 (1.55%) Blog
10 23 (1.55%) Fixed Income
11 22 (1.48%) Linux Command Line
12 19 (1.28%) Self-Motivation
13 17 (1.15%) Cloud Native
13 17 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
13 17 (1.15%) Management Information System
14 15 (1.01%) Semantic Web
15 11 (0.74%) Hedge funds
16 9 (0.61%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 157 (10.58%) Linux
2 89 (6.00%) Unix
3 62 (4.18%) Windows
4 42 (2.83%) Android
5 38 (2.56%) Apple iOS
6 33 (2.22%) Mac OS X
7 29 (1.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 24 (1.62%) Ubuntu
9 22 (1.48%) CentOS
10 19 (1.28%) Mac OS
11 9 (0.61%) Debian
12 8 (0.54%) Windows Server
13 7 (0.47%) Windows Server 2008
14 4 (0.27%) DC/OS
15 3 (0.20%) Windows 10
16 2 (0.13%) Solaris
16 2 (0.13%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 2 (0.13%) tvOS
16 2 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
17 1 (0.067%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 897 (60.44%) Agile Software Development
2 439 (29.58%) DevOps
3 361 (24.33%) TDD
4 298 (20.08%) Continuous Integration
5 269 (18.13%) Scrum
6 247 (16.64%) BDD
7 237 (15.97%) Microservices
8 167 (11.25%) Software Engineering
9 146 (9.84%) Problem-Solving
10 131 (8.83%) Continuous Delivery
11 130 (8.76%) Unit Testing
12 122 (8.22%) OO
13 118 (7.95%) Front End Development
14 116 (7.82%) Open Source
15 113 (7.61%) Continuous Deployment
15 113 (7.61%) Kanban
16 105 (7.08%) SDLC
17 97 (6.54%) MVC
18 94 (6.33%) SDET
19 88 (5.93%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 535 (36.05%) Java
2 456 (30.73%) JavaScript
3 301 (20.28%) C#
4 294 (19.81%) SQL
5 185 (12.47%) Python
6 125 (8.42%) TypeScript
7 121 (8.15%) Ruby
8 98 (6.60%) Java 8
9 48 (3.23%) Scala
10 44 (2.96%) C++
11 43 (2.90%) PowerShell
12 36 (2.43%) T-SQL
13 30 (2.02%) ES6
14 29 (1.95%) Go
15 27 (1.82%) Groovy
15 27 (1.82%) PHP
15 27 (1.82%) Shell Script
16 23 (1.55%) Kotlin
17 22 (1.48%) PL/SQL
18 19 (1.28%) C
Qualifications
1 194 (13.07%) Security Cleared
2 142 (9.57%) SC Cleared
3 74 (4.99%) Degree
4 36 (2.43%) ISEB
4 36 (2.43%) ISTQB
5 16 (1.08%) BPSS Clearance
5 16 (1.08%) DV Cleared
6 10 (0.67%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 7 (0.47%) Computer Science Degree
7 7 (0.47%) PhD
8 6 (0.40%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.20%) AWS Certification
9 3 (0.20%) BC Cleared
9 3 (0.20%) CHECK Team Member
9 3 (0.20%) CISSP
9 3 (0.20%) DBS Check
9 3 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.13%) CCNA
10 2 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.13%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 239 (16.11%) QA
2 32 (2.16%) WCAG
3 8 (0.54%) Data Quality
4 7 (0.47%) GDPR
5 3 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 2 (0.13%) IFRS
6 2 (0.13%) ISO 20022
6 2 (0.13%) PMO
6 2 (0.13%) Solvency II
7 1 (0.067%) MiFID
7 1 (0.067%) PSD2
System Software
1 215 (14.49%) Docker
2 24 (1.62%) Active Directory
3 20 (1.35%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (0.81%) VMware Infrastructure
5 11 (0.74%) vSphere
6 4 (0.27%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.27%) VirtualBox
7 3 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.067%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.067%) Firmware
8 1 (0.067%) KVM
8 1 (0.067%) NFS
8 1 (0.067%) oVirt
8 1 (0.067%) Samba
8 1 (0.067%) Xen
Systems Management
1 149 (10.04%) Kubernetes
2 83 (5.59%) Terraform
3 79 (5.32%) Ansible
4 36 (2.43%) Puppet
5 21 (1.42%) Opscode Chef
6 15 (1.01%) Grafana
7 11 (0.74%) Packer
8 10 (0.67%) Docker Swarm
9 8 (0.54%) Kibana
10 7 (0.47%) Prometheus
10 7 (0.47%) Salt
11 6 (0.40%) HP Quality Center
12 4 (0.27%) Control-M
12 4 (0.27%) SELinux
12 4 (0.27%) ZABBIX
13 3 (0.20%) HP ALM
13 3 (0.20%) Istio
14 2 (0.13%) Consul
14 2 (0.13%) Graphite
14 2 (0.13%) Rancher
Vendors
1 117 (7.88%) Microsoft
2 62 (4.18%) Oracle
3 41 (2.76%) SAP
4 37 (2.49%) Google
5 26 (1.75%) Atlassian
6 24 (1.62%) hybris
6 24 (1.62%) Salesforce.com
7 19 (1.28%) VMware
8 18 (1.21%) Red Hat
9 17 (1.15%) Adobe
9 17 (1.15%) MuleSoft
9 17 (1.15%) Vermilion
10 15 (1.01%) Solace
11 14 (0.94%) Tableau
12 11 (0.74%) TIBCO
13 10 (0.67%) Splunk
14 9 (0.61%) Cisco
14 9 (0.61%) Gigya
15 8 (0.54%) Charles River
15 8 (0.54%) Dell