Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 17 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
England > London
6 months to
17 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 41 48 37
Rank change year-on-year +7 -11 -4
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 2,084 1,257 1,243
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 5.41% 5.29% 6.05%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.91% 5.82% 6.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,564 854 923
10th Percentile £413 £363 £375
25th Percentile £475 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £700 £631 £613
90th Percentile £775 £700 £700
England median daily rate £550 £475 £490
% change year-on-year +15.79% -3.06% +3.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 5 6
10th Percentile £54.13 £44.25 £44.25
25th Percentile £61.25 £57.00 £46.94
Median hourly rate £78.38 £68.00 £59.25
Median % change year-on-year +15.26% +14.77% +415.22%
75th Percentile £85.91 - £65.46
90th Percentile £91.44 £77.45 £68.39
England median hourly rate £57.34 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +27.42% +5.88% -2.30%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 35,285 21,588 18,361
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.55% 90.81% 89.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,763 15,483 13,230
10th Percentile £400 £350 £325
25th Percentile £475 £425 £414
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - +0.96%
75th Percentile £688 £625 £613
90th Percentile £775 £700 £700
England median daily rate £540 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +8.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 412 227 236
10th Percentile £17.28 £15.46 £13.50
25th Percentile £23.91 £21.25 £18.50
Median hourly rate £37.50 £32.85 £26.50
Median % change year-on-year +14.16% +23.96% +18.34%
75th Percentile £51.75 £52.50 £47.25
90th Percentile £68.75 £66.50 £61.13
England median hourly rate £27.50 £25.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year +10.00% +16.28% -4.44%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 17 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 17 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the London region over the 6 months to 17 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +6 232 £600 +9.09% 106
South London -6 31 £600 +37.14% 18
West London -7 26 £625 +19.05% 23
East London -9 4 £565 +1.12% 31
North London - 2 £550 - 4
Test Automation
England

For the 6 months to 17 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 1,195 (57.34%) Agile
2 685 (32.87%) DevOps
3 672 (32.25%) Java
4 650 (31.19%) CI/CD
5 538 (25.82%) Finance
6 510 (24.47%) Azure
7 506 (24.28%) Python
8 501 (24.04%) JavaScript
9 454 (21.79%) TDD
10 436 (20.92%) AWS
11 433 (20.78%) Git (software)
12 424 (20.35%) Microservices
13 392 (18.81%) QA
14 390 (18.71%) Scrum
15 388 (18.62%) C#
16 383 (18.38%) Social Skills
17 372 (17.85%) SQL
18 329 (15.79%) Jenkins
19 328 (15.74%) Continuous Integration
19 328 (15.74%) React
20 318 (15.26%) Kubernetes
21 317 (15.21%) .NET
22 314 (15.07%) JIRA
23 305 (14.64%) BDD
24 286 (13.72%) Banking
25 282 (13.53%) Selenium
26 276 (13.24%) Docker
27 271 (13.00%) REST
28 270 (12.96%) Software Engineering
29 249 (11.95%) HTML

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 156 (7.49%) Confluence
2 37 (1.78%) Apache
3 35 (1.68%) Apache Spark
4 34 (1.63%) CMS
5 32 (1.54%) SharePoint
6 26 (1.25%) Oracle Workflow
7 21 (1.01%) nginx
7 21 (1.01%) Tomcat
8 17 (0.82%) Elasticsearch
9 16 (0.77%) Apache Airflow
9 16 (0.77%) Cloud Foundry
10 11 (0.53%) OpenStack
11 10 (0.48%) BizTalk Server
12 9 (0.43%) Ethereum
13 8 (0.38%) WebSphere
14 7 (0.34%) Jetty
15 6 (0.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 5 (0.24%) Headless CMS
16 5 (0.24%) Red Hat Fuse
16 5 (0.24%) SAS
Applications
1 21 (1.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.24%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.14%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.096%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.048%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.048%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 14 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.62%) SunGard Martini
3 7 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
3 7 (0.34%) SAP S/4HANA
4 6 (0.29%) Remedy ITSM
5 5 (0.24%) MoSes
6 3 (0.14%) Maximo
6 3 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
6 3 (0.14%) Oracle ERP
6 3 (0.14%) Oracle General Ledger
6 3 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
6 3 (0.14%) Oracle Receivables
6 3 (0.14%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
6 3 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
6 3 (0.14%) Summit
7 2 (0.096%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.096%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.096%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.096%) SAP EWM
8 1 (0.048%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 510 (24.47%) Azure
2 436 (20.92%) AWS
3 130 (6.24%) GitHub
3 130 (6.24%) Serverless
4 119 (5.71%) GCP
5 70 (3.36%) AWS Lambda
6 54 (2.59%) SaaS
7 48 (2.30%) PaaS
8 45 (2.16%) Power Platform
9 43 (2.06%) Azure Data Factory
10 41 (1.97%) AWS CloudFormation
11 40 (1.92%) BrowserStack
12 39 (1.87%) Microsoft 365
13 37 (1.78%) OpenShift
14 36 (1.73%) Azure Logic Apps
15 35 (1.68%) Azure Storage
16 34 (1.63%) Azure Key Vault
17 33 (1.58%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 33 (1.58%) IaaS
18 31 (1.49%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 59 (2.83%) HTTP
2 40 (1.92%) DNS
3 28 (1.34%) Internet
4 26 (1.25%) FIX Connectivity
4 26 (1.25%) TCP/IP
5 17 (0.82%) SSH
6 14 (0.67%) FTP
7 13 (0.62%) Firewall
8 12 (0.58%) SMTP
9 11 (0.53%) SSL
10 9 (0.43%) IPv4
11 6 (0.29%) MPLS
11 6 (0.29%) Wireless
12 5 (0.24%) HTTPS
12 5 (0.24%) Reverse Proxy
12 5 (0.24%) VPN
12 5 (0.24%) WAN
13 4 (0.19%) DHCP
13 4 (0.19%) IPsec
13 4 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 179 (8.59%) SQL Server
2 128 (6.14%) Relational Database
3 80 (3.84%) NoSQL
4 73 (3.50%) Big Data
5 70 (3.36%) MySQL
6 69 (3.31%) MongoDB
7 61 (2.93%) Data Warehouse
8 60 (2.88%) PostgreSQL
9 42 (2.02%) Power BI
10 40 (1.92%) Oracle Database
11 33 (1.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 25 (1.20%) Amazon RDS
12 25 (1.20%) Oracle Database 12c
12 25 (1.20%) Redis
13 24 (1.15%) Data Lake
14 19 (0.91%) Metadata
14 19 (0.91%) Tableau
15 18 (0.86%) Azure SQL Database
15 18 (0.86%) Hadoop
16 17 (0.82%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 433 (20.78%) Git (software)
2 329 (15.79%) Jenkins
3 314 (15.07%) JIRA
4 282 (13.53%) Selenium
5 215 (10.32%) Cucumber
6 147 (7.05%) Cypress.io
7 130 (6.24%) TeamCity
8 112 (5.37%) GitLab
9 99 (4.75%) Maven
10 98 (4.70%) Postman
11 93 (4.46%) SpecFlow
12 89 (4.27%) JMeter
13 75 (3.60%) JUnit
14 74 (3.55%) WebDriver
15 64 (3.07%) Bitbucket
16 61 (2.93%) REST Assured
17 50 (2.40%) Gatling
18 45 (2.16%) Visual Studio
19 44 (2.11%) Protractor
20 42 (2.02%) SoapUI
General
1 538 (25.82%) Finance
2 383 (18.38%) Social Skills
3 286 (13.72%) Banking
4 177 (8.49%) Analytical Skills
5 154 (7.39%) Investment Banking
6 120 (5.76%) Public Sector
7 88 (4.22%) Front Office
8 53 (2.54%) Legal
9 48 (2.30%) Telecoms
10 43 (2.06%) Presentation Skills
11 40 (1.92%) Games
12 38 (1.82%) Retail
13 33 (1.58%) Marketing
14 32 (1.54%) Financial Institution
15 31 (1.49%) Manufacturing
16 25 (1.20%) Back Office
17 24 (1.15%) Electronics
18 19 (0.91%) Retail Banking
19 14 (0.67%) Influencing Skills
20 12 (0.58%) Law
Job Titles
1 793 (38.05%) Developer
2 208 (9.98%) Java Developer
3 164 (7.87%) Tester
4 151 (7.25%) Senior Developer
5 132 (6.33%) Analyst
6 130 (6.24%) Test Engineer
7 129 (6.19%) DevOps Engineer
8 106 (5.09%) Automation Tester
9 93 (4.46%) QA Engineer
10 91 (4.37%) Architect
11 87 (4.17%) Software Engineer
12 81 (3.89%) Python Developer
13 76 (3.65%) .NET Developer
14 68 (3.26%) React Developer
15 67 (3.21%) Java Engineer
16 66 (3.17%) Test Automation Engineer
17 65 (3.12%) Test Analyst
18 61 (2.93%) C# Developer
18 61 (2.93%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 59 (2.83%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 328 (15.74%) React
2 317 (15.21%) .NET
3 271 (13.00%) REST
4 249 (11.95%) HTML
5 219 (10.51%) CSS
6 214 (10.27%) Node.js
7 192 (9.21%) Kafka
8 170 (8.16%) RESTful
9 166 (7.97%) Spring
10 153 (7.34%) AngularJS
11 118 (5.66%) HTML5
12 111 (5.33%) Web Services
13 110 (5.28%) Spring Boot
14 105 (5.04%) JSON
15 102 (4.89%) Redux
16 86 (4.13%) .NET Framework
17 79 (3.79%) XML
18 78 (3.74%) .NET Core
19 56 (2.69%) Swagger
20 55 (2.64%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 120 (5.76%) User Experience
2 94 (4.51%) Algorithms
3 77 (3.69%) Fixed Income
4 62 (2.98%) Greenfield Project
5 58 (2.78%) Cloud Native
6 57 (2.74%) Mobile App
7 56 (2.69%) Data Structures
8 49 (2.35%) Derivative
9 43 (2.06%) Public Cloud
10 38 (1.82%) Virtual Team
11 37 (1.78%) Self-Motivation
12 35 (1.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 29 (1.39%) Management Information System
14 27 (1.30%) Hedge funds
15 23 (1.10%) Legacy Systems
16 20 (0.96%) Equities
17 18 (0.86%) Linux Command Line
18 17 (0.82%) Renewable Energy
19 16 (0.77%) SWIFT
20 15 (0.72%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 241 (11.56%) Linux
2 100 (4.80%) Windows
3 89 (4.27%) Unix
4 46 (2.21%) Apple iOS
5 43 (2.06%) Android
6 28 (1.34%) Mac OS X
7 13 (0.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 10 (0.48%) Ubuntu
9 7 (0.34%) Debian
10 4 (0.19%) VMS
11 3 (0.14%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.096%) AIX
12 2 (0.096%) Alpine Linux
12 2 (0.096%) Amazon Linux
12 2 (0.096%) CentOS
12 2 (0.096%) Solaris
13 1 (0.048%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.048%) Windows Server
13 1 (0.048%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.048%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,195 (57.34%) Agile
2 685 (32.87%) DevOps
3 650 (31.19%) CI/CD
4 454 (21.79%) TDD
5 424 (20.35%) Microservices
6 390 (18.71%) Scrum
7 328 (15.74%) Continuous Integration
8 305 (14.64%) BDD
9 270 (12.96%) Software Engineering
10 211 (10.12%) Software Testing
11 206 (9.88%) Problem-Solving
12 173 (8.30%) OO
13 169 (8.11%) Continuous Delivery
14 163 (7.82%) SDLC
15 160 (7.68%) Front End Development
16 157 (7.53%) Analytics
17 149 (7.15%) SDET
18 143 (6.86%) Full Stack Development
19 138 (6.62%) Deployment Automation
20 135 (6.48%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 672 (32.25%) Java
2 506 (24.28%) Python
3 501 (24.04%) JavaScript
4 388 (18.62%) C#
5 372 (17.85%) SQL
6 205 (9.84%) TypeScript
7 116 (5.57%) PowerShell
8 78 (3.74%) Bash
9 67 (3.21%) Go
10 63 (3.02%) Scala
11 55 (2.64%) C++
12 53 (2.54%) Ruby
13 38 (1.82%) Kotlin
14 35 (1.68%) Shell Script
15 30 (1.44%) ES6
16 28 (1.34%) Groovy
17 23 (1.10%) C
18 22 (1.06%) PL/SQL
19 18 (0.86%) Perl
20 17 (0.82%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 194 (9.31%) Security Cleared
2 167 (8.01%) SC Cleared
3 94 (4.51%) Degree
4 59 (2.83%) Computer Science Degree
5 53 (2.54%) ISTQB
6 25 (1.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 20 (0.96%) ISEB
8 13 (0.62%) DV Cleared
9 10 (0.48%) TOGAF Certification
10 9 (0.43%) BPSS Clearance
11 6 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
11 6 (0.29%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 5 (0.24%) AWS Certification
12 5 (0.24%) CISSP
12 5 (0.24%) CTC Cleared
12 5 (0.24%) IIBA
12 5 (0.24%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
13 4 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
13 4 (0.19%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 392 (18.81%) QA
2 60 (2.88%) Accessibility
3 20 (0.96%) WCAG
4 16 (0.77%) GDPR
5 7 (0.34%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.34%) EMIR
5 7 (0.34%) NIST
6 6 (0.29%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.24%) COBIT
8 4 (0.19%) GRC
8 4 (0.19%) IFRS
8 4 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.19%) SLA
9 2 (0.096%) HL7
9 2 (0.096%) ISO 20022
9 2 (0.096%) PMO
10 1 (0.048%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 1 (0.048%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 1 (0.048%) NCSC
10 1 (0.048%) Solvency II
System Software
1 276 (13.24%) Docker
2 23 (1.10%) Active Directory
3 12 (0.58%) NFS
4 10 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (0.34%) vCloud
6 5 (0.24%) VirtualBox
7 4 (0.19%) Varnish
8 3 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
9 2 (0.096%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 318 (15.26%) Kubernetes
2 201 (9.64%) Terraform
3 109 (5.23%) Ansible
4 32 (1.54%) Puppet
5 30 (1.44%) Grafana
6 27 (1.30%) Prometheus
7 21 (1.01%) BladeLogic
8 18 (0.86%) Kibana
9 17 (0.82%) Consul
10 14 (0.67%) HP ALM
11 10 (0.48%) ITRS Geneos
11 10 (0.48%) Packer
11 10 (0.48%) ZABBIX
12 9 (0.43%) Opscode Chef
13 8 (0.38%) HP Fortify
13 8 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
14 7 (0.34%) Argo
14 7 (0.34%) Fluentd
14 7 (0.34%) HAProxy
14 7 (0.34%) Istio
Vendors
1 222 (10.65%) Microsoft
2 155 (7.44%) Oracle
3 75 (3.60%) Databricks
4 48 (2.30%) SAP
5 40 (1.92%) ION Trading
6 37 (1.78%) Google
7 26 (1.25%) IBM
7 26 (1.25%) Salesforce.com
8 24 (1.15%) ServiceNow
8 24 (1.15%) Splunk
9 23 (1.10%) Atlassian
10 19 (0.91%) Red Hat
11 18 (0.86%) HP
12 16 (0.77%) CyberArk
12 16 (0.77%) TIBCO
13 15 (0.72%) Adobe
13 15 (0.72%) AppDynamics
13 15 (0.72%) Telerik
14 14 (0.67%) MuleSoft
14 14 (0.67%) VMware