Period
to 11 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 11 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
England > London
6 months to
11 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 39 26 38
Rank change year-on-year -13 +12 +5
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 1,912 3,211 2,635
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 5.34% 7.07% 5.66%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.08% 8.02% 6.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,344 2,378 1,986
London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £363 £360 £350
90th Percentile £654 £625 £638
England median daily rate £473 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -0.53% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 5 3
London median hourly rate £48.50 £35.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +38.57% -12.50% -13.98%
10th Percentile £8.00 £23.75 £17.10
90th Percentile £70.80 £55.12 £62.50
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.75 £43.38
% change year-on-year +4.29% -6.05% +8.44%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 31,450 40,042 41,182
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 87.87% 88.14% 88.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,592 28,922 29,858
London median daily rate £513 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% - +6.38%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £675 £663
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 395 461 398
London median hourly rate £24.00 £22.50 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +4.79%
10th Percentile £12.44 £13.00 £13.31
90th Percentile £53.75 £54.63 £49.13
England median hourly rate £24.00 £21.50 £23.32
% change year-on-year +11.63% -7.80% +3.64%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 11 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 11 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the London region over the 6 months to 11 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -9 408 £501 +0.25% 132
West London +13 122 £475 +1.60% 51
South London -19 88 £445 -15.24% 19
East London -6 34 £388 -22.50% 40
North London +1 5 £375 -21.05% 3
Test Automation
England

For the 6 months to 11 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 1,143 (59.78%) Agile Software Development
2 625 (32.69%) Java
3 555 (29.03%) DevOps
4 497 (25.99%) JavaScript
5 472 (24.69%) Continuous Integration
6 456 (23.85%) TDD
7 437 (22.86%) Selenium
8 390 (20.40%) Jenkins
9 385 (20.14%) Scrum
10 380 (19.87%) SQL
11 369 (19.30%) Git (software)
12 367 (19.19%) QA
13 365 (19.09%) C#
14 358 (18.72%) Azure
15 347 (18.15%) Python
16 345 (18.04%) Finance
17 336 (17.57%) BDD
18 313 (16.37%) AWS
19 293 (15.32%) Microservices
20 285 (14.91%) JIRA
21 269 (14.07%) Cucumber
22 265 (13.86%) HTML
23 253 (13.23%) Linux
23 253 (13.23%) RESTful
24 243 (12.71%) Docker
25 238 (12.45%) CSS
26 212 (11.09%) .NET
27 209 (10.93%) Kanban
28 204 (10.67%) Web Services
29 195 (10.20%) React

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 124 (6.49%) Confluence
2 81 (4.24%) Elasticsearch
3 54 (2.82%) Apache
4 29 (1.52%) Apache Spark
5 22 (1.15%) SharePoint
5 22 (1.15%) Tomcat
6 20 (1.05%) nginx
7 18 (0.94%) JBoss
8 13 (0.68%) Jetty
9 12 (0.63%) CMS
9 12 (0.63%) NServiceBus
10 10 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
11 8 (0.42%) Mattermost
12 7 (0.37%) Anypoint
12 7 (0.37%) Apache Airflow
12 7 (0.37%) IIS
12 7 (0.37%) WebLogic
13 6 (0.31%) OpenStack
13 6 (0.31%) Oracle Self-Service HR
13 6 (0.31%) WebSphere
Applications
1 21 (1.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
2 4 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 4 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
2 4 (0.21%) Photoshop
2 4 (0.21%) Zeplin
3 3 (0.16%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.16%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.10%) AutoCAD
5 1 (0.052%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.052%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 21 (1.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 13 (0.68%) Dynamics CRM
3 9 (0.47%) BusinessWorks
4 7 (0.37%) SAP ERP
5 5 (0.26%) Magento
5 5 (0.26%) thinkFolio
6 4 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
6 4 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.10%) SAP HR
7 2 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
8 1 (0.052%) Adobe Campaign
8 1 (0.052%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.052%) Fredhopper
8 1 (0.052%) Markit EDM
8 1 (0.052%) MoSes
8 1 (0.052%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.052%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.052%) R3 Corda
8 1 (0.052%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 1 (0.052%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 358 (18.72%) Azure
2 313 (16.37%) AWS
3 87 (4.55%) GitHub
4 72 (3.77%) GCP
5 43 (2.25%) PaaS
6 41 (2.14%) Power Platform
7 40 (2.09%) Serverless
8 39 (2.04%) Azure Data Factory
9 34 (1.78%) Sauce Labs
10 32 (1.67%) IaaS
11 27 (1.41%) SaaS
12 25 (1.31%) Cloud Computing
13 24 (1.26%) OpenShift
14 19 (0.99%) AWS CloudFormation
14 19 (0.99%) Dynamics 365
14 19 (0.99%) Salesforce Service Cloud
15 16 (0.84%) Amazon ECS
15 16 (0.84%) AWS Lambda
15 16 (0.84%) Azure Active Directory
15 16 (0.84%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 78 (4.08%) HTTP
2 29 (1.52%) TCP/IP
3 24 (1.26%) Firewall
4 23 (1.20%) Internet
5 18 (0.94%) DNS
6 17 (0.89%) Kerberos
6 17 (0.89%) Multicast
7 13 (0.68%) SSH
8 8 (0.42%) DHCP
9 6 (0.31%) VPN
9 6 (0.31%) Wireless
10 5 (0.26%) FTP
10 5 (0.26%) Reverse Proxy
10 5 (0.26%) SSL
11 4 (0.21%) IPsec
11 4 (0.21%) Network Security
11 4 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
11 4 (0.21%) Wireshark
12 3 (0.16%) DSL
13 2 (0.10%) DVB
Database & Business Intelligence
1 142 (7.43%) SQL Server
2 112 (5.86%) Relational Database
3 99 (5.18%) NoSQL
4 85 (4.45%) MongoDB
5 80 (4.18%) Big Data
6 75 (3.92%) MySQL
7 69 (3.61%) Data Warehouse
8 58 (3.03%) PostgreSQL
9 41 (2.14%) Data Lake
10 38 (1.99%) Hadoop
11 35 (1.83%) Power BI
12 33 (1.73%) Azure SQL Database
13 32 (1.67%) Redis
13 32 (1.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 28 (1.46%) Apache Cassandra
15 23 (1.20%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 21 (1.10%) Data Mining
16 21 (1.10%) Oracle Database
16 21 (1.10%) RDBMS
17 20 (1.05%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 437 (22.86%) Selenium
2 390 (20.40%) Jenkins
3 369 (19.30%) Git (software)
4 285 (14.91%) JIRA
5 269 (14.07%) Cucumber
6 112 (5.86%) WebDriver
7 104 (5.44%) JMeter
8 87 (4.55%) JUnit
9 76 (3.97%) TeamCity
10 72 (3.77%) SpecFlow
11 70 (3.66%) Maven
12 68 (3.56%) Bitbucket
13 64 (3.35%) Visual Studio Team System
14 60 (3.14%) Visual Studio
15 54 (2.82%) SoapUI
16 44 (2.30%) Appium
16 44 (2.30%) Team Foundation Server
17 43 (2.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 41 (2.14%) Mockito
19 39 (2.04%) Subversion
General
1 345 (18.04%) Finance
2 189 (9.88%) Banking
3 77 (4.03%) Public Sector
4 61 (3.19%) Front Office
5 53 (2.77%) Retail
6 44 (2.30%) Investment Banking
6 44 (2.30%) Law
7 28 (1.46%) Marketing
8 27 (1.41%) Legal
9 24 (1.26%) Games
10 22 (1.15%) Financial Institution
11 18 (0.94%) Advertising
12 17 (0.89%) Back Office
13 12 (0.63%) Police
14 10 (0.52%) Retail Banking
14 10 (0.52%) Telecoms
15 7 (0.37%) Manufacturing
15 7 (0.37%) Publishing
16 6 (0.31%) Electronics
17 3 (0.16%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 812 (42.47%) Developer
2 226 (11.82%) Tester
3 154 (8.05%) Java Developer
4 140 (7.32%) Automation Tester
5 136 (7.11%) Analyst
6 125 (6.54%) DevOps Engineer
7 121 (6.33%) Senior Developer
8 116 (6.07%) Test Engineer
9 101 (5.28%) Test Analyst
10 77 (4.03%) C# Developer
11 75 (3.92%) React Developer
12 74 (3.87%) Python Developer
12 74 (3.87%) Software Developer
13 72 (3.77%) Developer in Test
13 72 (3.77%) QA Engineer
14 71 (3.71%) Architect
15 69 (3.61%) Test Automation Engineer
16 67 (3.50%) Full Stack Developer
17 60 (3.14%) .NET Developer
18 51 (2.67%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 265 (13.86%) HTML
2 253 (13.23%) RESTful
3 238 (12.45%) CSS
4 212 (11.09%) .NET
5 204 (10.67%) Web Services
6 195 (10.20%) React
7 183 (9.57%) Node.js
8 180 (9.41%) AngularJS
9 158 (8.26%) REST
10 147 (7.69%) Spring
11 143 (7.48%) HTML5
12 122 (6.38%) JSON
13 110 (5.75%) Redux
14 88 (4.60%) SOAP
15 76 (3.97%) CSS3
16 73 (3.82%) Gherkin
17 61 (3.19%) XML
18 60 (3.14%) Sass
19 58 (3.03%) Ruby on Rails
20 56 (2.93%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 116 (6.07%) Analytical Skills
2 111 (5.81%) User Experience
3 83 (4.34%) Greenfield Project
4 77 (4.03%) Mobile App
5 56 (2.93%) Data Structures
6 53 (2.77%) Linux Command Line
7 48 (2.51%) Equities
8 41 (2.14%) Algorithms
9 39 (2.04%) Derivative
10 34 (1.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 28 (1.46%) Virtual Team
12 25 (1.31%) Fixed Income
13 22 (1.15%) Management Information System
14 21 (1.10%) STB
15 20 (1.05%) Blog
15 20 (1.05%) Enterprise Software
15 20 (1.05%) Video on Demand
16 19 (0.99%) Hedge funds
16 19 (0.99%) Self-Motivation
17 18 (0.94%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 253 (13.23%) Linux
2 123 (6.43%) Unix
3 89 (4.65%) Windows
4 74 (3.87%) Android
5 63 (3.29%) Apple iOS
6 44 (2.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 37 (1.94%) Mac OS X
8 23 (1.20%) CentOS
8 23 (1.20%) Ubuntu
9 19 (0.99%) Windows Server
10 16 (0.84%) Mac OS
11 12 (0.63%) Debian
12 7 (0.37%) Windows 10
13 3 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (0.10%) DC/OS
14 2 (0.10%) Solaris
14 2 (0.10%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 2 (0.10%) tvOS
15 1 (0.052%) VMS
15 1 (0.052%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,143 (59.78%) Agile Software Development
2 555 (29.03%) DevOps
3 472 (24.69%) Continuous Integration
4 456 (23.85%) TDD
5 385 (20.14%) Scrum
6 336 (17.57%) BDD
7 293 (15.32%) Microservices
8 209 (10.93%) Kanban
9 181 (9.47%) Unit Testing
10 167 (8.73%) Continuous Delivery
11 166 (8.68%) Software Engineering
12 160 (8.37%) OO
13 154 (8.05%) Problem-Solving
14 152 (7.95%) SDLC
15 147 (7.69%) Regression Testing
16 136 (7.11%) Test Strategy
17 135 (7.06%) SDET
18 134 (7.01%) Deployment Automation
19 130 (6.80%) Manual Testing
20 129 (6.75%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 625 (32.69%) Java
2 497 (25.99%) JavaScript
3 380 (19.87%) SQL
4 365 (19.09%) C#
5 347 (18.15%) Python
6 159 (8.32%) Ruby
7 109 (5.70%) TypeScript
8 77 (4.03%) C++
9 64 (3.35%) Java 8
9 64 (3.35%) PowerShell
10 62 (3.24%) Scala
11 49 (2.56%) Bash Shell
12 46 (2.41%) Shell Script
13 44 (2.30%) ES6
14 41 (2.14%) T-SQL
15 33 (1.73%) PHP
16 32 (1.67%) PL/SQL
17 31 (1.62%) Go
17 31 (1.62%) Kotlin
18 26 (1.36%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 157 (8.21%) Security Cleared
2 109 (5.70%) SC Cleared
3 97 (5.07%) Degree
4 52 (2.72%) ISTQB
5 28 (1.46%) ISEB
6 23 (1.20%) BPSS Clearance
7 21 (1.10%) Computer Science Degree
7 21 (1.10%) DV Cleared
8 11 (0.58%) Master's Degree
9 10 (0.52%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 6 (0.31%) DBS Check
10 6 (0.31%) SANS
11 4 (0.21%) GPEN
11 4 (0.21%) GWAPT
11 4 (0.21%) GXPN
11 4 (0.21%) OSCE
11 4 (0.21%) OSCP
12 3 (0.16%) BC Cleared
12 3 (0.16%) CHECK Team Member
12 3 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 367 (19.19%) QA
2 29 (1.52%) WCAG
3 13 (0.68%) GDPR
4 7 (0.37%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.21%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.21%) PMO
7 3 (0.16%) EMIR
7 3 (0.16%) MiFID
7 3 (0.16%) PSD2
8 2 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.052%) HL7
9 1 (0.052%) NIST
9 1 (0.052%) TARGET2
System Software
1 243 (12.71%) Docker
2 33 (1.73%) Active Directory
3 29 (1.52%) Virtual Machines
4 10 (0.52%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.31%) vSphere
6 5 (0.26%) Virtual Servers
6 5 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (0.16%) KVM
7 3 (0.16%) oVirt
8 2 (0.10%) HDFS
8 2 (0.10%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.10%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.052%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.052%) Oracle Clusterware
9 1 (0.052%) Varnish
9 1 (0.052%) Xen
Systems Management
1 169 (8.84%) Kubernetes
2 102 (5.33%) Terraform
3 98 (5.13%) Ansible
4 48 (2.51%) Puppet
5 36 (1.88%) Opscode Chef
6 14 (0.73%) Grafana
7 11 (0.58%) HP Quality Center
7 11 (0.58%) Salt
8 8 (0.42%) Control-M
8 8 (0.42%) Docker Swarm
8 8 (0.42%) Hadoop YARN
9 7 (0.37%) Packer
10 6 (0.31%) Consul
10 6 (0.31%) Kibana
11 5 (0.26%) HP ALM
11 5 (0.26%) ZABBIX
12 4 (0.21%) Host Intrusion Detection System
12 4 (0.21%) Network Intrusion Detection System
13 3 (0.16%) Graphite
13 3 (0.16%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 139 (7.27%) Microsoft
2 63 (3.29%) Oracle
3 59 (3.09%) Google
4 50 (2.62%) Salesforce.com
5 37 (1.94%) Red Hat
6 36 (1.88%) MuleSoft
7 33 (1.73%) SAP
8 28 (1.46%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 23 (1.20%) Atlassian
10 21 (1.10%) Tableau
11 19 (0.99%) Databricks
11 19 (0.99%) VMware
12 16 (0.84%) Splunk
12 16 (0.84%) Vermilion
13 13 (0.68%) HP
13 13 (0.68%) Solace
14 11 (0.58%) Sybase
15 10 (0.52%) Cloudera
15 10 (0.52%) New Relic
15 10 (0.52%) ServiceNow