Period
to 8 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 8 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
England > London
6 months to
8 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 37 28 36
Rank change year-on-year -9 +8 0
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 1,428 2,860 2,761
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 5.73% 6.69% 5.92%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.53% 7.53% 6.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,030 2,029 2,063
Median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +6.95%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £350
90th Percentile £688 £625 £638
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 9 11
Median hourly rate £35.00 £29.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.69% -31.76% -8.60%
10th Percentile £8.00 £10.75 £23.25
90th Percentile £65.39 £35.00 £165.00
England median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -19.54% -3.33% +12.50%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 21,858 37,974 41,168
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 87.73% 88.88% 88.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,245 27,146 29,775
Median daily rate £520 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.46% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £463
% change year-on-year - +2.70% +5.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 352 419 555
Median hourly rate £35.00 £26.53 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +31.93% +10.54% -4.00%
10th Percentile £15.00 £12.76 £14.00
90th Percentile £61.23 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £25.50 £24.91 £23.38
% change year-on-year +2.37% +6.57% -6.50%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the London region over the 6 months to 8 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -4 291 £525 +5.00% 83
South London +1 74 £500 - 18
West London -8 51 £525 +16.67% 24
East London -4 23 £425 -19.05% 21
North London +17 1 £425 +13.33% 3
Test Automation
England

For the 6 months to 8 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 854 (59.80%) Agile Software Development
2 526 (36.83%) Java
3 446 (31.23%) DevOps
4 426 (29.83%) JavaScript
5 344 (24.09%) Azure
6 334 (23.39%) TDD
7 297 (20.80%) Finance
8 294 (20.59%) SQL
9 287 (20.10%) Continuous Integration
10 280 (19.61%) Git (software)
11 275 (19.26%) Selenium
12 272 (19.05%) C#
13 257 (18.00%) AWS
14 253 (17.72%) Jenkins
15 250 (17.51%) HTML
16 240 (16.81%) Scrum
17 239 (16.74%) BDD
18 234 (16.39%) CSS
19 231 (16.18%) QA
20 220 (15.41%) Docker
21 218 (15.27%) Security Cleared
22 214 (14.99%) Microservices
23 206 (14.43%) JIRA
24 203 (14.22%) Python
25 190 (13.31%) Cucumber
26 183 (12.82%) .NET
27 174 (12.18%) Kubernetes
28 173 (12.11%) SC Cleared
29 171 (11.97%) AngularJS
30 152 (10.64%) RESTful

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (6.37%) Confluence
2 30 (2.10%) Elasticsearch
3 26 (1.82%) Apache
4 22 (1.54%) Camunda
5 20 (1.40%) Tomcat
6 19 (1.33%) Apache Spark
7 18 (1.26%) SAS
8 13 (0.91%) IIS
9 8 (0.56%) JBoss
9 8 (0.56%) Jetty
10 7 (0.49%) OpenStack
10 7 (0.49%) Oracle Coherence
11 6 (0.42%) CMS
11 6 (0.42%) nginx
11 6 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 5 (0.35%) Red Hat Fuse
12 5 (0.35%) SharePoint
13 4 (0.28%) Oracle Workflow
14 3 (0.21%) MQSeries
15 2 (0.14%) Drupal
Applications
1 22 (1.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.21%) InVision
3 3 (0.21%) Sketch
4 2 (0.14%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.070%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.070%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.070%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.070%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 13 (0.91%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 10 (0.70%) thinkFolio
3 6 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (0.35%) BusinessWorks
5 4 (0.28%) Elite 3E
5 4 (0.28%) Maximo
6 3 (0.21%) ION MarketView
6 3 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
7 2 (0.14%) Oracle Receivables
7 2 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
8 1 (0.070%) Magento
8 1 (0.070%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.070%) Oracle ERP
8 1 (0.070%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.070%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.070%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.070%) Sonata
8 1 (0.070%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 344 (24.09%) Azure
2 257 (18.00%) AWS
3 99 (6.93%) GitHub
4 65 (4.55%) GCP
5 44 (3.08%) PaaS
6 37 (2.59%) Serverless
7 24 (1.68%) Azure Data Factory
8 22 (1.54%) SaaS
9 19 (1.33%) Azure Active Directory
10 18 (1.26%) IaaS
11 17 (1.19%) Heroku
12 15 (1.05%) Power Platform
13 13 (0.91%) OpenShift
14 12 (0.84%) AWS CloudFormation
14 12 (0.84%) Cloud Computing
14 12 (0.84%) NuGet
15 11 (0.77%) npm
16 10 (0.70%) Amazon S3
17 9 (0.63%) Apigee
17 9 (0.63%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 50 (3.50%) HTTP
2 27 (1.89%) TCP/IP
3 18 (1.26%) DHCP
4 17 (1.19%) Internet
4 17 (1.19%) Kerberos
5 13 (0.91%) DNS
6 11 (0.77%) Firewall
6 11 (0.77%) HTTPS
6 11 (0.77%) SSL
6 11 (0.77%) Wireless
7 10 (0.70%) Wireshark
8 7 (0.49%) Ethernet
9 6 (0.42%) AMQP
10 5 (0.35%) DOCSIS
10 5 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
10 5 (0.35%) WLAN
11 4 (0.28%) MQTT
11 4 (0.28%) Reverse Proxy
11 4 (0.28%) SNMP
11 4 (0.28%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 137 (9.59%) SQL Server
2 78 (5.46%) NoSQL
3 69 (4.83%) Relational Database
4 56 (3.92%) MongoDB
5 37 (2.59%) MySQL
6 36 (2.52%) PostgreSQL
7 33 (2.31%) Redis
8 28 (1.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 27 (1.89%) Data Lake
10 25 (1.75%) Azure SQL Database
11 20 (1.40%) Data Warehouse
12 19 (1.33%) Apache Cassandra
12 19 (1.33%) Big Data
13 18 (1.26%) Oracle Database
14 15 (1.05%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 14 (0.98%) Power BI
15 14 (0.98%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 10 (0.70%) Data Mining
17 9 (0.63%) Hadoop
17 9 (0.63%) Microsoft Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 280 (19.61%) Git (software)
2 275 (19.26%) Selenium
3 253 (17.72%) Jenkins
4 206 (14.43%) JIRA
5 190 (13.31%) Cucumber
6 101 (7.07%) Maven
7 91 (6.37%) WebDriver
8 69 (4.83%) JUnit
8 69 (4.83%) SpecFlow
9 61 (4.27%) Visual Studio
10 53 (3.71%) Team Foundation Server
11 46 (3.22%) Postman
11 46 (3.22%) Visual Studio Team System
12 45 (3.15%) TeamCity
13 41 (2.87%) Bitbucket
14 38 (2.66%) JMeter
15 34 (2.38%) SoapUI
16 33 (2.31%) Gradle
17 32 (2.24%) REST Assured
18 29 (2.03%) GitLab
General
1 297 (20.80%) Finance
2 141 (9.87%) Banking
3 79 (5.53%) Public Sector
4 53 (3.71%) Front Office
5 40 (2.80%) Investment Banking
6 31 (2.17%) Retail
7 16 (1.12%) Back Office
8 15 (1.05%) Law
8 15 (1.05%) Marketing
8 15 (1.05%) Telecoms
9 14 (0.98%) Retail Banking
10 11 (0.77%) Police
11 9 (0.63%) Games
11 9 (0.63%) Legal
12 7 (0.49%) Manufacturing
13 6 (0.42%) Financial Institution
13 6 (0.42%) Publishing
14 5 (0.35%) Advertising
15 4 (0.28%) Electronics
16 3 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 632 (44.26%) Developer
2 176 (12.32%) Java Developer
3 146 (10.22%) Tester
4 114 (7.98%) Senior Developer
5 109 (7.63%) Automation Tester
6 98 (6.86%) Analyst
7 77 (5.39%) Architect
8 76 (5.32%) DevOps Engineer
9 71 (4.97%) Full Stack Developer
10 67 (4.69%) Test Engineer
11 66 (4.62%) React Developer
12 58 (4.06%) Test Analyst
13 57 (3.99%) C# Developer
13 57 (3.99%) Software Developer
14 50 (3.50%) Software Engineer
15 46 (3.22%) Developer in Test
16 42 (2.94%) QA Engineer
17 40 (2.80%) AWS Engineer
17 40 (2.80%) Python Developer
18 39 (2.73%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 250 (17.51%) HTML
2 234 (16.39%) CSS
3 183 (12.82%) .NET
4 171 (11.97%) AngularJS
5 152 (10.64%) RESTful
5 152 (10.64%) Web Services
6 142 (9.94%) Spring
7 136 (9.52%) React
8 118 (8.26%) Node.js
9 113 (7.91%) HTML5
10 108 (7.56%) REST
11 96 (6.72%) Redux
12 80 (5.60%) Spring Boot
13 65 (4.55%) JSON
14 60 (4.20%) XML
15 51 (3.57%) SOAP
16 46 (3.22%) Ruby on Rails
17 44 (3.08%) CSS3
18 43 (3.01%) ASP.NET
19 42 (2.94%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 130 (9.10%) User Experience
2 129 (9.03%) Analytical Skills
3 56 (3.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 51 (3.57%) Greenfield Project
5 49 (3.43%) Algorithms
6 48 (3.36%) Mobile App
7 44 (3.08%) Data Structures
8 31 (2.17%) Cloud Native
9 26 (1.82%) Derivative
10 25 (1.75%) Linux Command Line
11 24 (1.68%) Virtual Team
12 23 (1.61%) Fixed Income
13 21 (1.47%) Semantic Web
14 19 (1.33%) Management Information System
15 15 (1.05%) Enterprise Software
15 15 (1.05%) Self-Motivation
16 12 (0.84%) W3C
17 11 (0.77%) SCORM
18 10 (0.70%) Hedge funds
19 9 (0.63%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 152 (10.64%) Linux
2 109 (7.63%) Windows
3 89 (6.23%) Unix
4 55 (3.85%) Android
5 50 (3.50%) Apple iOS
6 34 (2.38%) Mac OS X
7 22 (1.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 17 (1.19%) Mac OS
8 17 (1.19%) Ubuntu
9 13 (0.91%) CentOS
10 11 (0.77%) Windows Server
11 6 (0.42%) AIX
11 6 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
12 5 (0.35%) Debian
13 3 (0.21%) Solaris
13 3 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
13 3 (0.21%) Windows Server 2016
14 2 (0.14%) DC/OS
15 1 (0.070%) Fedora
15 1 (0.070%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 854 (59.80%) Agile Software Development
2 446 (31.23%) DevOps
3 334 (23.39%) TDD
4 287 (20.10%) Continuous Integration
5 240 (16.81%) Scrum
6 239 (16.74%) BDD
7 214 (14.99%) Microservices
8 145 (10.15%) Software Engineering
9 143 (10.01%) Problem-Solving
10 138 (9.66%) Continuous Delivery
11 127 (8.89%) SDLC
12 119 (8.33%) Open Source
13 112 (7.84%) OO
14 105 (7.35%) Continuous Deployment
15 104 (7.28%) Test Scripting
16 102 (7.14%) Unit Testing
17 100 (7.00%) Front End Development
18 99 (6.93%) Computer Science
19 90 (6.30%) Regression Testing
20 87 (6.09%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 526 (36.83%) Java
2 426 (29.83%) JavaScript
3 294 (20.59%) SQL
4 272 (19.05%) C#
5 203 (14.22%) Python
6 120 (8.40%) TypeScript
7 118 (8.26%) Java 8
8 88 (6.16%) Ruby
9 48 (3.36%) PowerShell
10 44 (3.08%) C++
11 39 (2.73%) Scala
12 29 (2.03%) ES6
12 29 (2.03%) T-SQL
13 28 (1.96%) Groovy
14 22 (1.54%) Kotlin
15 21 (1.47%) C
16 20 (1.40%) PHP
17 19 (1.33%) Bash Shell
17 19 (1.33%) Shell Script
18 15 (1.05%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 218 (15.27%) Security Cleared
2 173 (12.11%) SC Cleared
3 63 (4.41%) Degree
4 48 (3.36%) ISTQB
5 35 (2.45%) ISEB
6 19 (1.33%) BPSS Clearance
7 17 (1.19%) DV Cleared
8 13 (0.91%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 10 (0.70%) PhD
10 7 (0.49%) Computer Science Degree
11 6 (0.42%) AWS Certification
12 4 (0.28%) CCNA
12 4 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (0.28%) CTC Cleared
12 4 (0.28%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 4 (0.28%) Master's Degree
13 3 (0.21%) CCNP
13 3 (0.21%) CHECK Team Member
13 3 (0.21%) CISSP
13 3 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 231 (16.18%) QA
2 29 (2.03%) WCAG
3 8 (0.56%) GDPR
4 5 (0.35%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.21%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 3 (0.21%) MiFID
5 3 (0.21%) PMO
6 2 (0.14%) EMIR
6 2 (0.14%) GxP
6 2 (0.14%) IFRS
6 2 (0.14%) Solvency II
7 1 (0.070%) PSD2
7 1 (0.070%) SEPA
System Software
1 220 (15.41%) Docker
2 33 (2.31%) Active Directory
3 14 (0.98%) Virtual Machines
4 10 (0.70%) vSphere
5 7 (0.49%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.21%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.21%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.070%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.070%) Firmware
8 1 (0.070%) NFS
8 1 (0.070%) Samba
8 1 (0.070%) Xen
Systems Management
1 174 (12.18%) Kubernetes
2 92 (6.44%) Terraform
3 75 (5.25%) Ansible
4 36 (2.52%) Puppet
5 28 (1.96%) Opscode Chef
6 12 (0.84%) Grafana
6 12 (0.84%) Kibana
7 10 (0.70%) Prometheus
8 9 (0.63%) Packer
9 7 (0.49%) HP Quality Center
9 7 (0.49%) Salt
10 4 (0.28%) Docker Swarm
10 4 (0.28%) Zipkin
11 3 (0.21%) Control-M
11 3 (0.21%) Istio
11 3 (0.21%) ZABBIX
12 2 (0.14%) Cobbler
12 2 (0.14%) HP ALM
12 2 (0.14%) ITRS Geneos
12 2 (0.14%) SELinux
Vendors
1 128 (8.96%) Microsoft
2 83 (5.81%) Oracle
3 49 (3.43%) SAP
4 39 (2.73%) Google
5 24 (1.68%) hybris
6 23 (1.61%) Atlassian
7 17 (1.19%) Red Hat
7 17 (1.19%) Splunk
8 16 (1.12%) Adobe
9 14 (0.98%) HP
10 13 (0.91%) IBM
11 12 (0.84%) TIBCO
12 9 (0.63%) Gigya
12 9 (0.63%) MuleSoft
12 9 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
12 9 (0.63%) Tableau
12 9 (0.63%) Vermilion
13 8 (0.56%) VMware
14 7 (0.49%) Cisco
14 7 (0.49%) Sybase