Period
to 26 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 26 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
England > London
6 months to
26 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 31 38 36
Rank change year-on-year +7 -2 +8
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 2,485 2,669 2,157
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 6.16% 5.90% 5.37%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.93% 6.68% 6.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,743 1,922 1,581
London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £325
90th Percentile £638 £645 £625
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 10 1
London median hourly rate £29.00 £47.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -38.95% +18.75% +75.17%
10th Percentile £15.98 £22.53 £37.50
90th Percentile £33.80 £166.00 £42.50
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £39.00
% change year-on-year - +8.97% -7.14%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 35,855 39,953 35,153
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 88.86% 88.28% 87.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,572 28,926 25,189
London median daily rate £523 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.50% +5.26% +2.93%
10th Percentile £343 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
England median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 417 559 388
London median hourly rate £24.95 £24.50 £24.93
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.84% -1.72% +18.71%
10th Percentile £12.65 £14.00 £12.85
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.75 £52.50
England median hourly rate £25.34 £22.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +15.16% -12.00% -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 26 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 26 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the London region over the 6 months to 26 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 499 £500 - 56
West London +31 147 £475 - 38
South London -13 103 £475 -13.64% 7
East London +15 71 £500 - 8
North London -10 4 £400 -23.81% 2
Test Automation
England

For the 6 months to 26 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 1,565 (62.98%) Agile Software Development
2 964 (38.79%) Java
3 727 (29.26%) JavaScript
4 684 (27.53%) DevOps
5 647 (26.04%) Selenium
6 622 (25.03%) TDD
7 597 (24.02%) Jenkins
8 594 (23.90%) Continuous Integration
9 559 (22.49%) Scrum
10 555 (22.33%) Git (software)
11 533 (21.45%) SQL
12 506 (20.36%) Python
12 506 (20.36%) QA
12 506 (20.36%) BDD
13 486 (19.56%) Finance
14 443 (17.83%) Microservices
15 441 (17.75%) Amazon AWS
16 412 (16.58%) HTML
17 409 (16.46%) Cucumber
18 406 (16.34%) C#
19 405 (16.30%) Linux
20 378 (15.21%) Microsoft Azure
21 363 (14.61%) JIRA
22 345 (13.88%) CSS
23 344 (13.84%) Docker
24 319 (12.84%) RESTful
25 312 (12.56%) Web Services
26 286 (11.51%) REST
27 261 (10.50%) Banking
28 259 (10.42%) .NET

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 156 (6.28%) Confluence
2 93 (3.74%) Elasticsearch
3 61 (2.45%) Apache
4 58 (2.33%) CMS
5 41 (1.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 31 (1.25%) Apache Spark
7 23 (0.93%) Cloud Foundry
7 23 (0.93%) Tomcat
8 22 (0.89%) nginx
8 22 (0.89%) SharePoint
9 15 (0.60%) Mule
10 12 (0.48%) Oracle Coherence
11 11 (0.44%) IIS
11 11 (0.44%) WebSphere
12 10 (0.40%) Apache Solr
12 10 (0.40%) JBoss
13 9 (0.36%) Jetty
14 8 (0.32%) Anypoint
14 8 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 7 (0.28%) SAS
Applications
1 31 (1.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (0.68%) Photoshop
3 5 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.12%) Zeplin
6 2 (0.080%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.080%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.080%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.040%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.040%) Figma
7 1 (0.040%) InVision
7 1 (0.040%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.040%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 24 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.60%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 10 (0.40%) Distributed Ledger
4 8 (0.32%) Oracle Financials
4 8 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
5 5 (0.20%) Magento
6 4 (0.16%) BusinessWorks
6 4 (0.16%) Summit
7 3 (0.12%) Fredhopper
7 3 (0.12%) Markit EDM
8 2 (0.080%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.040%) Oracle BPM
9 1 (0.040%) Oracle Payables
9 1 (0.040%) Oracle Receivables
9 1 (0.040%) Oracle Retail
9 1 (0.040%) Payment Gateway
9 1 (0.040%) SAP CO
9 1 (0.040%) SAP S/4HANA
9 1 (0.040%) Shopify
9 1 (0.040%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 441 (17.75%) Amazon AWS
2 378 (15.21%) Microsoft Azure
3 86 (3.46%) GitHub
4 84 (3.38%) Serverless
5 81 (3.26%) Google Cloud Platform
6 58 (2.33%) SaaS
7 57 (2.29%) PaaS
8 49 (1.97%) Amazon S3
9 45 (1.81%) Sauce Labs
10 44 (1.77%) AWS Lambda
11 39 (1.57%) Amazon EC2
12 34 (1.37%) Amazon ECS
12 34 (1.37%) BrowserStack
13 31 (1.25%) AWS CloudFormation
13 31 (1.25%) IaaS
14 29 (1.17%) Azure Functions
15 27 (1.09%) Amazon SQS
15 27 (1.09%) Dynamics 365
15 27 (1.09%) Power Platform
16 26 (1.05%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 133 (5.35%) HTTP
2 64 (2.58%) TCP/IP
3 44 (1.77%) DNS
4 34 (1.37%) SSL
5 30 (1.21%) DHCP
5 30 (1.21%) FTP
5 30 (1.21%) IPsec
6 29 (1.17%) Internet
7 26 (1.05%) Firewall
8 6 (0.24%) Network Security
8 6 (0.24%) Wireless
9 5 (0.20%) HTTPS
10 4 (0.16%) Kerberos
10 4 (0.16%) MPLS
10 4 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
10 4 (0.16%) Wireshark
11 3 (0.12%) Ethernet
11 3 (0.12%) Skype
11 3 (0.12%) SSH
12 2 (0.080%) OpenLDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 215 (8.65%) MongoDB
2 192 (7.73%) NoSQL
3 170 (6.84%) Relational Database
4 164 (6.60%) SQL Server
5 119 (4.79%) MySQL
6 98 (3.94%) Data Warehouse
7 83 (3.34%) Big Data
8 68 (2.74%) PostgreSQL
9 62 (2.49%) Apache Cassandra
10 59 (2.37%) RDBMS
11 44 (1.77%) Redis
12 43 (1.73%) Blockchain
13 42 (1.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 38 (1.53%) Hadoop
15 30 (1.21%) Cosmos DB
16 25 (1.01%) Azure SQL Database
16 25 (1.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 24 (0.97%) Data Lake
18 21 (0.85%) Amazon RDS
18 21 (0.85%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 647 (26.04%) Selenium
2 597 (24.02%) Jenkins
3 555 (22.33%) Git (software)
4 409 (16.46%) Cucumber
5 363 (14.61%) JIRA
6 167 (6.72%) WebDriver
7 156 (6.28%) SpecFlow
8 132 (5.31%) Maven
9 121 (4.87%) TeamCity
10 120 (4.83%) Bitbucket
11 112 (4.51%) JUnit
12 105 (4.23%) JMeter
13 99 (3.98%) Visual Studio Team System
14 95 (3.82%) Mockito
15 94 (3.78%) Visual Studio
16 93 (3.74%) Appium
17 79 (3.18%) SoapUI
18 74 (2.98%) Subversion
19 58 (2.33%) Jasmine
20 53 (2.13%) NUnit
General
1 486 (19.56%) Finance
2 261 (10.50%) Banking
3 108 (4.35%) Retail
4 91 (3.66%) Front Office
5 74 (2.98%) Marketing
6 67 (2.70%) Investment Banking
7 50 (2.01%) Financial Institution
8 40 (1.61%) Games
9 25 (1.01%) Law
10 20 (0.80%) Telecoms
11 18 (0.72%) Advertising
11 18 (0.72%) Legal
12 17 (0.68%) Back Office
13 13 (0.52%) Electronics
13 13 (0.52%) Publishing
14 10 (0.40%) Manufacturing
15 9 (0.36%) Retail Banking
16 7 (0.28%) Online Betting
17 5 (0.20%) Automotive
18 4 (0.16%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,032 (41.53%) Developer
2 351 (14.12%) Tester
3 232 (9.34%) Automation Tester
4 221 (8.89%) Java Developer
5 209 (8.41%) Analyst
6 170 (6.84%) Test Analyst
7 162 (6.52%) Senior Developer
8 155 (6.24%) Test Engineer
9 145 (5.84%) DevOps Engineer
10 119 (4.79%) Python Developer
11 106 (4.27%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 96 (3.86%) Developer in Test
13 95 (3.82%) JavaScript Developer
14 94 (3.78%) QA Engineer
15 91 (3.66%) Software Developer
16 88 (3.54%) React Developer
17 87 (3.50%) Automation Test Analyst
18 85 (3.42%) Full Stack Developer
18 85 (3.42%) Test Automation Engineer
19 74 (2.98%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 412 (16.58%) HTML
2 345 (13.88%) CSS
3 319 (12.84%) RESTful
4 312 (12.56%) Web Services
5 286 (11.51%) REST
6 259 (10.42%) .NET
7 245 (9.86%) AngularJS
8 239 (9.62%) React
9 234 (9.42%) Node.js
10 208 (8.37%) HTML5
11 173 (6.96%) JSON
12 165 (6.64%) Spring
13 123 (4.95%) Redux
14 116 (4.67%) XML
15 110 (4.43%) Gherkin
16 108 (4.35%) CSS3
17 105 (4.23%) SOAP
18 84 (3.38%) Spring Boot
19 79 (3.18%) .NET Framework
20 70 (2.82%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 146 (5.88%) Analytical Skills
2 142 (5.71%) Mobile App
3 126 (5.07%) User Experience
4 113 (4.55%) Greenfield Project
5 57 (2.29%) Linux Command Line
6 52 (2.09%) Algorithms
6 52 (2.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 48 (1.93%) Data Structures
8 45 (1.81%) Derivative
9 39 (1.57%) Video on Demand
10 37 (1.49%) Virtual Team
11 35 (1.41%) Equities
12 33 (1.33%) Fixed Income
13 32 (1.29%) Enterprise Software
13 32 (1.29%) Self-Motivation
14 31 (1.25%) Hedge funds
15 23 (0.93%) Data Protection Act
16 21 (0.85%) Equity Derivative
17 20 (0.80%) Video\Live Streaming
18 19 (0.76%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 405 (16.30%) Linux
2 193 (7.77%) Unix
3 134 (5.39%) Windows
4 83 (3.34%) Mac OS X
5 81 (3.26%) Apple iOS
6 77 (3.10%) Android
7 22 (0.89%) Windows Server
8 20 (0.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 10 (0.40%) Ubuntu
10 7 (0.28%) CentOS
11 4 (0.16%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.080%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.040%) Kali Linux
13 1 (0.040%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,565 (62.98%) Agile Software Development
2 684 (27.53%) DevOps
3 622 (25.03%) TDD
4 594 (23.90%) Continuous Integration
5 559 (22.49%) Scrum
6 506 (20.36%) BDD
7 443 (17.83%) Microservices
8 257 (10.34%) Kanban
9 253 (10.18%) Continuous Deployment
10 220 (8.85%) Problem-Solving
11 214 (8.61%) Open Source
12 213 (8.57%) SDLC
13 207 (8.33%) Continuous Delivery
14 204 (8.21%) Web Development
15 202 (8.13%) Test Strategy
16 197 (7.93%) Regression Testing
17 192 (7.73%) SDET
18 187 (7.53%) OO
19 185 (7.44%) Test Scripting
20 179 (7.20%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 964 (38.79%) Java
2 727 (29.26%) JavaScript
3 533 (21.45%) SQL
4 506 (20.36%) Python
5 406 (16.34%) C#
6 157 (6.32%) TypeScript
7 127 (5.11%) Ruby
8 111 (4.47%) PowerShell
9 94 (3.78%) Java 8
10 88 (3.54%) ES6
11 82 (3.30%) C++
12 68 (2.74%) Scala
13 59 (2.37%) T-SQL
14 54 (2.17%) Shell Script
15 50 (2.01%) Bash Shell
16 49 (1.97%) PL/SQL
17 44 (1.77%) PHP
18 38 (1.53%) Go
18 38 (1.53%) Perl
19 30 (1.21%) ES7
Qualifications
1 145 (5.84%) Security Cleared
2 114 (4.59%) Degree
3 92 (3.70%) SC Cleared
4 83 (3.34%) ISTQB
5 46 (1.85%) ISEB
6 45 (1.81%) BPSS Clearance
7 28 (1.13%) Computer Science Degree
8 16 (0.64%) DV Cleared
9 13 (0.52%) DBS Check
9 13 (0.52%) Master's Degree
10 12 (0.48%) AWS Certification
11 11 (0.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 8 (0.32%) ACCA
13 6 (0.24%) CHECK Team Member
13 6 (0.24%) SANS
14 5 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
14 5 (0.20%) OSCP
15 4 (0.16%) CTC Cleared
15 4 (0.16%) GWAPT
15 4 (0.16%) OSCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 506 (20.36%) QA
2 18 (0.72%) GDPR
3 14 (0.56%) Data Quality
4 12 (0.48%) Disclosure Scotland
5 11 (0.44%) WCAG
6 5 (0.20%) PSD2
7 3 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 3 (0.12%) PMO
8 2 (0.080%) MiFID
8 2 (0.080%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.080%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.040%) Basel III
9 1 (0.040%) HL7
9 1 (0.040%) IFRS
9 1 (0.040%) IFRS 9
9 1 (0.040%) NIST
9 1 (0.040%) Section 508
9 1 (0.040%) SLA
9 1 (0.040%) TARGET2
9 1 (0.040%) WAI
System Software
1 344 (13.84%) Docker
2 49 (1.97%) Virtual Machines
3 47 (1.89%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.20%) Apache Flume
5 4 (0.16%) HDFS
5 4 (0.16%) Hyper-V
5 4 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
6 3 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
6 3 (0.12%) XenApp
7 2 (0.080%) VMware Infrastructure
8 1 (0.040%) Oracle Clusterware
8 1 (0.040%) oVirt
8 1 (0.040%) RHEV
8 1 (0.040%) Varnish
8 1 (0.040%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.040%) vSphere
8 1 (0.040%) Xen
Systems Management
1 236 (9.50%) Kubernetes
2 118 (4.75%) Ansible
3 104 (4.19%) Puppet
4 100 (4.02%) Terraform
5 73 (2.94%) Opscode Chef
6 34 (1.37%) Kibana
7 19 (0.76%) Grafana
7 19 (0.76%) logstash
8 18 (0.72%) Control-M
9 17 (0.68%) HP ALM
10 11 (0.44%) HP Quality Center
11 10 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
12 7 (0.28%) CloudHub
12 7 (0.28%) Hadoop YARN
13 6 (0.24%) rkt
14 5 (0.20%) Host Intrusion Detection System
14 5 (0.20%) Network Intrusion Detection System
15 4 (0.16%) Consul
15 4 (0.16%) Microsoft Clustering
15 4 (0.16%) Packer
Vendors
1 197 (7.93%) Microsoft
2 139 (5.59%) Oracle
3 82 (3.30%) Google
4 69 (2.78%) Salesforce.com
5 62 (2.49%) Adobe
6 54 (2.17%) Splunk
7 53 (2.13%) HP
8 45 (1.81%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 41 (1.65%) MuleSoft
9 41 (1.65%) SAP
10 39 (1.57%) IBM
11 28 (1.13%) Cadence
12 23 (0.93%) Informatica
13 19 (0.76%) Atlassian
14 17 (0.68%) Tableau
15 15 (0.60%) New Relic
16 14 (0.56%) Netezza
17 13 (0.52%) hybris
17 13 (0.52%) Red Hat
18 12 (0.48%) BMC