Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
England > London
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 46 34 36
Rank change year-on-year -12 +2 0
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 1,600 1,035 2,379
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 5.31% 6.57% 5.92%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.84% 7.31% 6.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,099 733 1,698
10th Percentile £375 £375 £363
25th Percentile £450 £425 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £650 £613 £575
90th Percentile £725 £688 £646
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 3 3
10th Percentile £25.40 £55.15 £14.40
25th Percentile £25.63 £57.63 £19.13
Median hourly rate £26.00 £63.50 £29.00
Median % change year-on-year -59.06% +118.97% -41.71%
75th Percentile £54.88 £65.39 £31.00
90th Percentile £72.20 £65.48 "
England median hourly rate £45.50 £42.50 £43.00
% change year-on-year +7.06% -1.16% +1.18%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 27,406 14,150 35,946
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 90.99% 89.82% 89.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,570 10,156 26,142
10th Percentile £363 £325 £338
25th Percentile £450 £425 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £525 £520
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% +0.96% +4.00%
75th Percentile £640 £625 £600
90th Percentile £725 £713 £688
England median daily rate £500 £488 £475
% change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 275 167 388
10th Percentile £15.29 £14.80 £12.02
25th Percentile £20.71 £20.50 £15.19
Median hourly rate £32.85 £35.93 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year -8.56% +63.30% +2.33%
75th Percentile £51.00 £47.75 £40.19
90th Percentile £66.20 £61.10 £53.00
England median hourly rate £22.50 £25.00 £22.79
% change year-on-year -10.00% +9.70% +13.95%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the London region over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -20 169 £550 - 122
West London +6 42 £525 - 45
South London -13 25 £450 -10.00% 13
East London -4 9 £504 +6.05% 33
Test Automation
England

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 853 (53.31%) Agile Software Development
2 578 (36.13%) Java
3 509 (31.81%) DevOps
4 458 (28.63%) Python
5 431 (26.94%) Finance
6 413 (25.81%) SQL
7 393 (24.56%) Azure
8 391 (24.44%) Social Skills
9 383 (23.94%) TDD
10 378 (23.63%) Git (software)
11 377 (23.56%) JavaScript
12 339 (21.19%) Jenkins
13 304 (19.00%) Scrum
14 295 (18.44%) Microservices
15 287 (17.94%) Continuous Integration
16 285 (17.81%) AWS
17 282 (17.63%) BDD
18 279 (17.44%) QA
19 257 (16.06%) Banking
20 242 (15.13%) Linux
21 237 (14.81%) JIRA
22 234 (14.63%) Selenium
23 230 (14.38%) C#
24 223 (13.94%) React
25 222 (13.88%) Software Engineering
26 220 (13.75%) Cucumber
27 209 (13.06%) REST
28 203 (12.69%) Problem-Solving
29 197 (12.31%) Spring
30 194 (12.13%) Software Testing

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 89 (5.56%) Confluence
2 64 (4.00%) Apache
3 44 (2.75%) Apache Spark
4 26 (1.63%) Elasticsearch
5 25 (1.56%) CMS
5 25 (1.56%) Tomcat
6 21 (1.31%) SharePoint
7 20 (1.25%) WebLogic
8 16 (1.00%) WebSphere
9 14 (0.88%) Oracle Coherence
10 13 (0.81%) Mule
10 13 (0.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 10 (0.63%) IIS
11 10 (0.63%) nginx
12 9 (0.56%) Apache Airflow
12 9 (0.56%) GemFire
12 9 (0.56%) OpenStack
13 8 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
13 8 (0.50%) Red Hat Fuse
14 6 (0.38%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 13 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.56%) Chatbot
3 4 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.19%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.19%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.13%) Figma
5 2 (0.13%) GIMP
5 2 (0.13%) Mingle
6 1 (0.063%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 33 (2.06%) SunGard Martini
2 6 (0.38%) SAP S/4HANA
3 5 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.25%) ION MarketView
5 3 (0.19%) Magento
5 3 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 3 (0.19%) Summit
6 2 (0.13%) Oracle BRM
6 2 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.063%) BASE24
7 1 (0.063%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.063%) Endur
7 1 (0.063%) IBM Planning Analytics
7 1 (0.063%) Markit EDM
7 1 (0.063%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.063%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
7 1 (0.063%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.063%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.063%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 393 (24.56%) Azure
2 285 (17.81%) AWS
3 115 (7.19%) GitHub
4 110 (6.88%) Serverless
5 100 (6.25%) GCP
6 47 (2.94%) AWS Lambda
6 47 (2.94%) PaaS
7 45 (2.81%) Power Platform
8 44 (2.75%) IaaS
9 36 (2.25%) Azure Functions
10 34 (2.13%) SaaS
11 26 (1.63%) Amazon S3
12 25 (1.56%) Azure Data Factory
13 24 (1.50%) OpenShift
14 19 (1.19%) AWS CloudFormation
15 18 (1.13%) Azure Service Bus
16 17 (1.06%) BrowserStack
17 16 (1.00%) Amazon SQS
17 16 (1.00%) Azure Key Vault
18 15 (0.94%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 67 (4.19%) HTTP
2 24 (1.50%) TCP/IP
3 16 (1.00%) Firewall
4 14 (0.88%) DNS
5 11 (0.69%) SSL
6 9 (0.56%) Bluetooth
7 8 (0.50%) RTMP
7 8 (0.50%) VPN
7 8 (0.50%) Wireless
8 7 (0.44%) Internet
8 7 (0.44%) Kerberos
9 6 (0.38%) DHCP
9 6 (0.38%) FIX Connectivity
10 5 (0.31%) GSM
10 5 (0.31%) LTE
10 5 (0.31%) Wi-Fi
11 4 (0.25%) 2G
11 4 (0.25%) 802.11
11 4 (0.25%) DSL
11 4 (0.25%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 124 (7.75%) Relational Database
2 110 (6.88%) SQL Server
3 89 (5.56%) NoSQL
4 59 (3.69%) Oracle Database
5 58 (3.63%) PostgreSQL
6 47 (2.94%) MongoDB
7 46 (2.88%) MySQL
8 43 (2.69%) Oracle Database 12c
9 40 (2.50%) Data Warehouse
10 36 (2.25%) Tableau
11 35 (2.19%) Power BI
12 33 (2.06%) Data Lake
13 32 (2.00%) Big Data
14 31 (1.94%) Apache Cassandra
15 28 (1.75%) Hadoop
16 25 (1.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 24 (1.50%) Azure SQL Database
18 21 (1.31%) Tableau Desktop
18 21 (1.31%) Tableau Server
19 19 (1.19%) DB2
Development Applications
1 378 (23.63%) Git (software)
2 339 (21.19%) Jenkins
3 237 (14.81%) JIRA
4 234 (14.63%) Selenium
5 220 (13.75%) Cucumber
6 122 (7.63%) Maven
7 83 (5.19%) JUnit
8 76 (4.75%) Cypress.io
8 76 (4.75%) TeamCity
9 75 (4.69%) Subversion
10 69 (4.31%) JMeter
11 68 (4.25%) Postman
12 62 (3.88%) Bitbucket
13 58 (3.63%) Visual Studio
14 56 (3.50%) GitLab
15 55 (3.44%) SpecFlow
16 52 (3.25%) WebDriver
17 48 (3.00%) REST Assured
18 47 (2.94%) Sonatype Nexus
19 44 (2.75%) Mockito
General
1 431 (26.94%) Finance
2 391 (24.44%) Social Skills
3 257 (16.06%) Banking
4 112 (7.00%) Analytical Skills
5 85 (5.31%) Front Office
6 77 (4.81%) Investment Banking
7 65 (4.06%) Public Sector
8 54 (3.38%) Presentation Skills
9 52 (3.25%) Telecoms
10 43 (2.69%) Marketing
11 36 (2.25%) Back Office
12 31 (1.94%) Documentation Skills
12 31 (1.94%) Manufacturing
13 30 (1.88%) Retail
14 23 (1.44%) Electronics
15 19 (1.19%) Influencing Skills
16 18 (1.13%) Retail Banking
17 16 (1.00%) Legal
18 15 (0.94%) Financial Institution
18 15 (0.94%) Games
Job Titles
1 707 (44.19%) Developer
2 186 (11.63%) Java Developer
3 146 (9.13%) Senior Developer
4 143 (8.94%) Tester
5 113 (7.06%) Test Engineer
6 105 (6.56%) DevOps Engineer
7 93 (5.81%) Analyst
8 92 (5.75%) Automation Tester
9 74 (4.63%) Python Developer
10 65 (4.06%) Test Automation Engineer
11 61 (3.81%) Software Engineer
12 60 (3.75%) Full Stack Developer
13 56 (3.50%) Test Analyst
14 55 (3.44%) C++ Developer
15 53 (3.31%) Architect
16 46 (2.88%) Senior Java Developer
17 45 (2.81%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 44 (2.75%) React Developer
19 43 (2.69%) Azure Engineer
20 39 (2.44%) Developer in Test
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 223 (13.94%) React
2 209 (13.06%) REST
3 197 (12.31%) Spring
4 191 (11.94%) .NET
5 168 (10.50%) HTML
6 151 (9.44%) Node.js
7 149 (9.31%) CSS
8 147 (9.19%) RESTful
9 138 (8.63%) AngularJS
10 122 (7.63%) Kafka
11 110 (6.88%) JSON
12 105 (6.56%) Spring Boot
12 105 (6.56%) Web Services
13 93 (5.81%) XML
14 89 (5.56%) Redux
15 85 (5.31%) GraphQL
16 82 (5.13%) HTML5
17 75 (4.69%) Gherkin
18 58 (3.63%) .NET Framework
19 55 (3.44%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 105 (6.56%) User Experience
2 81 (5.06%) Algorithms
2 81 (5.06%) Fixed Income
3 77 (4.81%) Mobile App
4 55 (3.44%) Data Structures
4 55 (3.44%) Self-Motivation
5 52 (3.25%) Greenfield Project
6 37 (2.31%) Cloud Native
7 36 (2.25%) Management Information System
8 34 (2.13%) Derivative
9 33 (2.06%) Enterprise Software
10 29 (1.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 21 (1.31%) Equities
12 20 (1.25%) Data Protection Act
13 19 (1.19%) Legacy Systems
14 18 (1.13%) Hedge funds
14 18 (1.13%) Market Risk
15 15 (0.94%) Client/Server
16 14 (0.88%) CMDB
16 14 (0.88%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 242 (15.13%) Linux
2 113 (7.06%) Windows
3 103 (6.44%) Unix
4 65 (4.06%) Android
5 56 (3.50%) Apple iOS
6 26 (1.63%) Mac OS X
7 12 (0.75%) Windows Server
8 9 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
9 3 (0.19%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.19%) Windows 10
9 3 (0.19%) zOS
10 1 (0.063%) CentOS
10 1 (0.063%) Debian
10 1 (0.063%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.063%) MVS
10 1 (0.063%) OpenWrt
10 1 (0.063%) Tizen
10 1 (0.063%) VMS
10 1 (0.063%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 853 (53.31%) Agile Software Development
2 509 (31.81%) DevOps
3 383 (23.94%) TDD
4 304 (19.00%) Scrum
5 295 (18.44%) Microservices
6 287 (17.94%) Continuous Integration
7 282 (17.63%) BDD
8 222 (13.88%) Software Engineering
9 203 (12.69%) Problem-Solving
10 194 (12.13%) Software Testing
11 173 (10.81%) SDLC
12 160 (10.00%) Unit Testing
13 149 (9.31%) Full Stack Development
14 141 (8.81%) Continuous Delivery
15 130 (8.13%) Deployment Automation
16 123 (7.69%) Regression Testing
17 118 (7.38%) Analytics
18 116 (7.25%) Mentoring
19 115 (7.19%) Open Source
19 115 (7.19%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 578 (36.13%) Java
2 458 (28.63%) Python
3 413 (25.81%) SQL
4 377 (23.56%) JavaScript
5 230 (14.38%) C#
6 111 (6.94%) TypeScript
7 100 (6.25%) C++
8 85 (5.31%) Scala
9 84 (5.25%) PowerShell
10 77 (4.81%) Java 8
11 72 (4.50%) Bash Shell
12 64 (4.00%) Ruby
13 62 (3.88%) Kotlin
14 51 (3.19%) Shell Script
15 49 (3.06%) ES6
16 45 (2.81%) C
17 38 (2.38%) Groovy
18 36 (2.25%) PL/SQL
19 31 (1.94%) Go
20 29 (1.81%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 104 (6.50%) Security Cleared
2 94 (5.88%) Degree
3 73 (4.56%) SC Cleared
4 34 (2.13%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (1.75%) DV Cleared
6 26 (1.63%) ISTQB
7 20 (1.25%) Numerate Degree
8 15 (0.94%) PhD
9 12 (0.75%) ISEB
9 12 (0.75%) Master's Degree
10 9 (0.56%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 8 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
12 6 (0.38%) CREST Certified
13 5 (0.31%) CHECK Team Leader
14 4 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
14 4 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
15 3 (0.19%) AWS Certification
15 3 (0.19%) CCNA
15 3 (0.19%) PMI Certification
15 3 (0.19%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 279 (17.44%) QA
2 71 (4.44%) Accessibility
3 13 (0.81%) GRC
4 8 (0.50%) GDPR
5 7 (0.44%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.44%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.38%) WCAG
7 5 (0.31%) NIST
8 3 (0.19%) ISO 20022
8 3 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.19%) MiFID
8 3 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 3 (0.19%) SLA
8 3 (0.19%) SOC 2
8 3 (0.19%) TARGET2
9 2 (0.13%) HL7
9 2 (0.13%) IFRS
9 2 (0.13%) ISO 15022
9 2 (0.13%) ITGC
9 2 (0.13%) SEPA
System Software
1 193 (12.06%) Docker
2 19 (1.19%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.63%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 8 (0.50%) HDFS
5 7 (0.44%) GridGain
6 4 (0.25%) Virtual Desktop
6 4 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.25%) Xen
7 3 (0.19%) iptables
7 3 (0.19%) KVM
8 1 (0.063%) vCloud
8 1 (0.063%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.063%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 193 (12.06%) Kubernetes
2 131 (8.19%) Ansible
3 104 (6.50%) Terraform
4 56 (3.50%) Puppet
5 23 (1.44%) Opscode Chef
6 21 (1.31%) Prometheus
7 18 (1.13%) BladeLogic
8 17 (1.06%) HP Quality Center
9 15 (0.94%) Grafana
10 12 (0.75%) Packer
11 9 (0.56%) Kibana
12 8 (0.50%) Istio
13 7 (0.44%) Control-M
14 6 (0.38%) HP ALM
14 6 (0.38%) logstash
14 6 (0.38%) Zipkin
15 5 (0.31%) CloudHub
15 5 (0.31%) Hadoop YARN
15 5 (0.31%) ITRS Geneos
15 5 (0.31%) Salt
Vendors
1 166 (10.38%) Oracle
2 106 (6.63%) Microsoft
3 46 (2.88%) SAP
4 44 (2.75%) Splunk
5 39 (2.44%) Google
6 35 (2.19%) Databricks
7 33 (2.06%) FIS
7 33 (2.06%) SunGard
8 32 (2.00%) MuleSoft
9 24 (1.50%) HP
9 24 (1.50%) IBM
10 19 (1.19%) ION Trading
11 17 (1.06%) Pega
12 13 (0.81%) Atlassian
13 12 (0.75%) Alibaba
13 12 (0.75%) Salesforce.com
14 11 (0.69%) Dynatrace
15 10 (0.63%) Apple
15 10 (0.63%) Perfecto Mobile
15 10 (0.63%) Solace