Period
to 25 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 25 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
England > London
6 months to
25 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 38 37 26
Rank change year-on-year -1 -11 +13
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 854 1,995 3,223
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 6.04% 5.47% 6.97%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.83% 6.20% 7.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 585 1,442 2,407
Median daily rate £505 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.00% - -
10th Percentile £363 £363 £360
90th Percentile £688 £650 £625
England median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 5 5
Median hourly rate £35.00 £48.50 £49.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -27.84% -2.51% +91.35%
10th Percentile £32.00 £15.60 £23.75
90th Percentile £55.00 £70.80 £76.18
England median hourly rate £35.00 £43.25 £40.38
% change year-on-year -19.08% +7.12% -6.10%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 12,510 32,186 40,901
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 88.45% 88.27% 88.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,455 23,154 29,554
Median daily rate £500 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.44% +2.50% -
10th Percentile £319 £325 £325
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £473
% change year-on-year - +0.53% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 171 402 476
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.04 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.59% +11.81% -5.74%
10th Percentile £17.25 £12.44 £13.31
90th Percentile £50.39 £53.68 £53.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year +45.83% +14.29% -12.50%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 25 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Test Automation in London over the 6 months to 25 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the London region over the 6 months to 25 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 120 £550 +10.00% 99
South London +20 99 £485 +10.23% 10
West London -17 18 £450 -5.26% 21
East London +18 7 £325 -35.00% 10
Test Automation
England

For the 6 months to 25 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 535 (62.65%) Agile Software Development
2 369 (43.21%) Java
3 301 (35.25%) DevOps
4 211 (24.71%) TDD
5 206 (24.12%) Python
6 203 (23.77%) AWS
7 198 (23.19%) Git (software)
8 191 (22.37%) BDD
9 188 (22.01%) Microservices
10 181 (21.19%) Azure
11 176 (20.61%) Security Cleared
12 171 (20.02%) Scrum
13 167 (19.56%) Jenkins
14 161 (18.85%) Finance
15 158 (18.50%) JavaScript
16 149 (17.45%) SQL
17 142 (16.63%) SC Cleared
17 142 (16.63%) Selenium
18 137 (16.04%) REST
19 135 (15.81%) Cucumber
19 135 (15.81%) QA
20 128 (14.99%) Linux
21 127 (14.87%) Banking
22 126 (14.75%) Continuous Integration
22 126 (14.75%) Docker
23 103 (12.06%) Kubernetes
24 101 (11.83%) C#
24 101 (11.83%) JIRA
25 94 (11.01%) Continuous Delivery
26 93 (10.89%) User Experience

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (4.57%) Confluence
2 26 (3.04%) Elasticsearch
3 18 (2.11%) Apache Spark
4 17 (1.99%) Apache Airflow
5 12 (1.41%) Apache
6 9 (1.05%) Cloud Foundry
7 7 (0.82%) Red Hat Fuse
8 6 (0.70%) WebLogic
9 5 (0.59%) JBoss
9 5 (0.59%) Jetty
9 5 (0.59%) MQSeries
9 5 (0.59%) Oracle Self-Service HR
9 5 (0.59%) Tomcat
10 4 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 4 (0.47%) CMS
10 4 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 3 (0.35%) Mule
11 3 (0.35%) nginx
11 3 (0.35%) Oracle Workflow
11 3 (0.35%) SharePoint
Applications
1 18 (2.11%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.59%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.47%) Figma
4 2 (0.23%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.12%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 13 (1.52%) SunGard Martini
2 9 (1.05%) ION MarketView
3 5 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.59%) Oracle EBS
3 5 (0.59%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 4 (0.47%) Workfront
5 3 (0.35%) Endur
5 3 (0.35%) Oracle 11i
5 3 (0.35%) Oracle Applications
5 3 (0.35%) Oracle Payables
6 2 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
6 2 (0.23%) Oracle ERP
6 2 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
6 2 (0.23%) Summit
7 1 (0.12%) Loan IQ
7 1 (0.12%) Oracle General Ledger
7 1 (0.12%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 1 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.12%) SAP FSCM
Cloud Services
1 203 (23.77%) AWS
2 181 (21.19%) Azure
3 45 (5.27%) Serverless
4 42 (4.92%) GitHub
5 37 (4.33%) GCP
6 32 (3.75%) AWS Lambda
7 27 (3.16%) Azure Functions
8 20 (2.34%) PaaS
8 20 (2.34%) SaaS
9 18 (2.11%) Cloud Computing
9 18 (2.11%) IaaS
9 18 (2.11%) Slack
10 14 (1.64%) OpenShift
10 14 (1.64%) Power Platform
11 13 (1.52%) Logic Apps
12 10 (1.17%) Amazon ECS
12 10 (1.17%) Amazon S3
12 10 (1.17%) Apigee
12 10 (1.17%) BlazeMeter
13 9 (1.05%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 21 (2.46%) HTTP
2 16 (1.87%) HTTPS
3 15 (1.76%) Firewall
3 15 (1.76%) SSL
4 6 (0.70%) DNS
5 5 (0.59%) SSH
6 4 (0.47%) TCP/IP
7 3 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
8 2 (0.23%) DHCP
8 2 (0.23%) Skype
8 2 (0.23%) WebEx
8 2 (0.23%) Wireshark
9 1 (0.12%) ATM
9 1 (0.12%) Broadband
9 1 (0.12%) Multicast
9 1 (0.12%) OpenVPN
9 1 (0.12%) PPP
9 1 (0.12%) Remote Desktop
9 1 (0.12%) Reverse Proxy
9 1 (0.12%) UPnP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 65 (7.61%) SQL Server
2 55 (6.44%) MongoDB
3 40 (4.68%) NoSQL
4 32 (3.75%) Oracle Database
5 31 (3.63%) Big Data
6 29 (3.40%) MySQL
7 28 (3.28%) Relational Database
8 27 (3.16%) Data Warehouse
9 24 (2.81%) PostgreSQL
10 16 (1.87%) Hadoop
11 14 (1.64%) Data Lake
11 14 (1.64%) Oracle Database 12c
12 13 (1.52%) Azure SQL Database
13 11 (1.29%) SQL Server 2017
14 10 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 10 (1.17%) Amazon RDS
14 10 (1.17%) RDBMS
15 9 (1.05%) Cosmos DB
15 9 (1.05%) Spotfire
16 7 (0.82%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 198 (23.19%) Git (software)
2 167 (19.56%) Jenkins
3 142 (16.63%) Selenium
4 135 (15.81%) Cucumber
5 101 (11.83%) JIRA
6 50 (5.85%) Cypress.io
7 49 (5.74%) Maven
8 41 (4.80%) JMeter
8 41 (4.80%) Subversion
9 39 (4.57%) JUnit
10 37 (4.33%) Jasmine
11 36 (4.22%) WebDriver
12 34 (3.98%) GitLab
13 33 (3.86%) Visual Studio Team System
14 29 (3.40%) SoapUI
15 27 (3.16%) Mockito
16 26 (3.04%) Mocha
17 24 (2.81%) Grunt
17 24 (2.81%) LoadRunner
18 23 (2.69%) gulp
General
1 161 (18.85%) Finance
2 127 (14.87%) Banking
3 82 (9.60%) Public Sector
4 51 (5.97%) Investment Banking
5 45 (5.27%) Front Office
6 19 (2.22%) Marketing
7 11 (1.29%) Financial Institution
8 8 (0.94%) Games
8 8 (0.94%) Police
8 8 (0.94%) Telecoms
9 7 (0.82%) Back Office
9 7 (0.82%) Retail Banking
10 6 (0.70%) Electronics
10 6 (0.70%) Manufacturing
10 6 (0.70%) Social Housing
11 5 (0.59%) Law
11 5 (0.59%) Retail
12 4 (0.47%) Legal
13 3 (0.35%) Advertising
13 3 (0.35%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 384 (44.96%) Developer
2 107 (12.53%) Java Developer
3 89 (10.42%) Tester
4 55 (6.44%) DevOps Engineer
5 49 (5.74%) Automation Tester
5 49 (5.74%) Test Engineer
6 47 (5.50%) Python Developer
7 46 (5.39%) Senior Developer
8 45 (5.27%) QA Engineer
9 42 (4.92%) Architect
10 41 (4.80%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 39 (4.57%) Analyst
12 36 (4.22%) Full Stack Developer
13 35 (4.10%) React Developer
14 31 (3.63%) Test Automation Engineer
15 30 (3.51%) Java Engineer
16 29 (3.40%) C# Developer
17 26 (3.04%) Test Analyst
18 24 (2.81%) Automation Engineer
18 24 (2.81%) QA Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 137 (16.04%) REST
2 92 (10.77%) HTML
3 90 (10.54%) .NET
4 85 (9.95%) CSS
5 77 (9.02%) Node.js
5 77 (9.02%) React
6 74 (8.67%) RESTful
7 68 (7.96%) Spring
8 64 (7.49%) Web Services
9 57 (6.67%) HTML5
9 57 (6.67%) Kafka
10 55 (6.44%) Redux
11 54 (6.32%) AngularJS
12 50 (5.85%) SOAP
13 48 (5.62%) Gherkin
14 44 (5.15%) Spring Boot
15 40 (4.68%) Sass
15 40 (4.68%) XML
16 38 (4.45%) JSON
17 27 (3.16%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 93 (10.89%) User Experience
2 47 (5.50%) Analytical Skills
2 47 (5.50%) Mobile App
3 30 (3.51%) Derivative
3 30 (3.51%) Fixed Income
4 25 (2.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 22 (2.58%) Algorithms
6 19 (2.22%) Data Structures
7 17 (1.99%) Greenfield Project
7 17 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
8 16 (1.87%) Client/Server
9 13 (1.52%) Enterprise Software
10 12 (1.41%) Virtual Team
11 11 (1.29%) DataPower
12 10 (1.17%) Equities
13 9 (1.05%) Cloud Native
13 9 (1.05%) Management Information System
14 8 (0.94%) N-Tier
15 7 (0.82%) Equity Derivative
15 7 (0.82%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 128 (14.99%) Linux
2 72 (8.43%) Unix
3 50 (5.85%) Mac OS X
4 43 (5.04%) Apple iOS
5 38 (4.45%) Windows
6 36 (4.22%) Android
7 7 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.70%) Ubuntu
9 5 (0.59%) CentOS
9 5 (0.59%) Debian
9 5 (0.59%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.23%) AIX
10 2 (0.23%) Android TV
11 1 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.12%) OpenWrt
11 1 (0.12%) Tizen
11 1 (0.12%) webOS
11 1 (0.12%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.12%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 535 (62.65%) Agile Software Development
2 301 (35.25%) DevOps
3 211 (24.71%) TDD
4 191 (22.37%) BDD
5 188 (22.01%) Microservices
6 171 (20.02%) Scrum
7 126 (14.75%) Continuous Integration
8 94 (11.01%) Continuous Delivery
9 86 (10.07%) Regression Testing
10 76 (8.90%) Problem-Solving
11 74 (8.67%) Unit Testing
12 72 (8.43%) Front End Development
13 71 (8.31%) Kanban
14 69 (8.08%) SDLC
15 64 (7.49%) Continuous Deployment
16 63 (7.38%) Test Scripting
17 61 (7.14%) Open Source
17 61 (7.14%) Performance Testing
18 59 (6.91%) Software Engineering
19 57 (6.67%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 369 (43.21%) Java
2 206 (24.12%) Python
3 158 (18.50%) JavaScript
4 149 (17.45%) SQL
5 101 (11.83%) C#
6 58 (6.79%) Java 8
7 48 (5.62%) Kotlin
8 37 (4.33%) Scala
9 30 (3.51%) Apple Swift
9 30 (3.51%) TypeScript
10 29 (3.40%) C++
10 29 (3.40%) Shell Script
11 28 (3.28%) Ruby
12 25 (2.93%) Perl
13 23 (2.69%) Bash Shell
14 22 (2.58%) PowerShell
15 17 (1.99%) VBA
16 14 (1.64%) PL/SQL
17 13 (1.52%) Groovy
17 13 (1.52%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 176 (20.61%) Security Cleared
2 142 (16.63%) SC Cleared
3 31 (3.63%) Degree
4 19 (2.22%) ISTQB
5 16 (1.87%) ISEB
6 15 (1.76%) Computer Science Degree
7 13 (1.52%) BPSS Clearance
8 12 (1.41%) DV Cleared
9 8 (0.94%) DBS Check
10 4 (0.47%) PhD
11 2 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
12 1 (0.12%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 1 (0.12%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
12 1 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
12 1 (0.12%) HNC
12 1 (0.12%) HND
12 1 (0.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 1 (0.12%) Master's Degree
12 1 (0.12%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 135 (15.81%) QA
2 28 (3.28%) WCAG
3 8 (0.94%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.59%) ISO 9001
4 5 (0.59%) NIST
5 4 (0.47%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.23%) MiFID
7 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.12%) EMIR
7 1 (0.12%) GDPR
7 1 (0.12%) Government Security Classifications
7 1 (0.12%) IFRS
7 1 (0.12%) JTAG
7 1 (0.12%) NCSC
7 1 (0.12%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.12%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.12%) PMO
7 1 (0.12%) Section 508
7 1 (0.12%) SLA
System Software
1 126 (14.75%) Docker
2 7 (0.82%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.35%) Hyper-V
4 2 (0.23%) Firmware
5 1 (0.12%) HDFS
5 1 (0.12%) iptables
5 1 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
5 1 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 103 (12.06%) Kubernetes
2 41 (4.80%) Ansible
3 38 (4.45%) Terraform
4 19 (2.22%) Puppet
5 18 (2.11%) Prometheus
6 15 (1.76%) Opscode Chef
7 9 (1.05%) Salt
7 9 (1.05%) Zipkin
8 5 (0.59%) BladeLogic
8 5 (0.59%) Grafana
8 5 (0.59%) Rancher
9 4 (0.47%) HP ALM
9 4 (0.47%) HP Quality Center
9 4 (0.47%) Istio
9 4 (0.47%) Kibana
9 4 (0.47%) Nagios
9 4 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
10 3 (0.35%) ITRS Geneos
10 3 (0.35%) logstash
10 3 (0.35%) Mesos
Vendors
1 67 (7.85%) Oracle
2 57 (6.67%) Microsoft
3 25 (2.93%) Splunk
4 24 (2.81%) Databricks
5 22 (2.58%) Google
6 20 (2.34%) SAP
7 16 (1.87%) AppDynamics
8 13 (1.52%) SunGard
9 12 (1.41%) ION Trading
10 11 (1.29%) Apple
10 11 (1.29%) FIS
11 10 (1.17%) Bloomberg
11 10 (1.17%) MuleSoft
12 9 (1.05%) DevExpress
12 9 (1.05%) HP
13 8 (0.94%) Adobe
13 8 (0.94%) IBM
13 8 (0.94%) Red Hat
14 7 (0.82%) Axway
14 7 (0.82%) Sybase