Period
to 27 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 27 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 78 80 97
Rank change year-on-year +2 +17 +78
Contract jobs citing Serverless 113 38 149
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 2.89% 2.11% 2.51%
As % of the Cloud Services category 7.85% 6.42% 7.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 84 33 125
10th Percentile £382 £390 £489
25th Percentile £459 £425 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £588 £530 £575
Median % change year-on-year +10.85% -7.83% +4.55%
75th Percentile £675 £603 £638
90th Percentile £773 £658 £688
Central London median daily rate £600 £530 £550
% change year-on-year +13.21% -3.64% -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 1,440 592 2,026
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 36.78% 32.89% 34.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,121 465 1,627
10th Percentile £385 £313 £343
25th Percentile £466 £413 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £515 £525
Median % change year-on-year +6.80% -1.90% -
75th Percentile £650 £588 £600
90th Percentile £738 £638 £663
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 3 18
10th Percentile £13.70 £16.00 £18.68
25th Percentile £13.88 £17.50 £20.06
Median hourly rate £14.25 £20.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -28.75% -4.76% +16.02%
75th Percentile £23.75 £21.25 £23.69
90th Percentile £48.55 £22.00 £31.69
Central London median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year - -6.98% +14.61%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the City of London

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in the City of London

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless in the City of London over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in the City of London

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Serverless.

1 81 (71.68%) AWS
2 69 (61.06%) AWS Lambda
3 52 (46.02%) DevOps
4 39 (34.51%) Azure
4 39 (34.51%) Agile Software Development
5 29 (25.66%) Microservices
6 28 (24.78%) Java
6 28 (24.78%) Python
7 27 (23.89%) SQL
7 27 (23.89%) Full Stack Development
8 26 (23.01%) JavaScript
9 24 (21.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 24 (21.24%) Social Skills
10 23 (20.35%) Amazon S3
11 22 (19.47%) Docker
12 21 (18.58%) Terraform
12 21 (18.58%) Jenkins
12 21 (18.58%) Finance
13 20 (17.70%) .NET
13 20 (17.70%) Node.js
13 20 (17.70%) Git (software)
13 20 (17.70%) Kubernetes
14 18 (15.93%) Amazon ECS
15 17 (15.04%) AWS CloudFormation
15 17 (15.04%) React
15 17 (15.04%) Amazon SQS
15 17 (15.04%) C#
16 16 (14.16%) Azure Functions
17 14 (12.39%) Software Engineering
17 14 (12.39%) NoSQL

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (6.19%) SharePoint
2 4 (3.54%) Apache Spark
3 3 (2.65%) Confluence
3 3 (2.65%) Elasticsearch
3 3 (2.65%) IIS
3 3 (2.65%) OpenStack
4 2 (1.77%) Apache Airflow
5 1 (0.88%) Apache
5 1 (0.88%) BizTalk Server
5 1 (0.88%) Camunda
5 1 (0.88%) nginx
5 1 (0.88%) NServiceBus
5 1 (0.88%) WordPress
Cloud Services
1 81 (71.68%) AWS
2 69 (61.06%) AWS Lambda
3 39 (34.51%) Azure
4 23 (20.35%) Amazon S3
5 18 (15.93%) Amazon ECS
6 17 (15.04%) Amazon SQS
6 17 (15.04%) AWS CloudFormation
7 16 (14.16%) Azure Functions
8 12 (10.62%) Amazon EC2
9 11 (9.73%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 10 (8.85%) Amazon EKS
11 9 (7.96%) AWS Fargate
11 9 (7.96%) PaaS
12 8 (7.08%) AWS Step Functions
12 8 (7.08%) Microsoft 365
13 6 (5.31%) GCP
13 6 (5.31%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 5 (4.42%) Amazon EMR
14 5 (4.42%) CloudFront
14 5 (4.42%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 5 (4.42%) HTTP
2 3 (2.65%) HTTPS
3 2 (1.77%) 5G
3 2 (1.77%) Broadband
3 2 (1.77%) DHCP
3 2 (1.77%) DNS
3 2 (1.77%) Firewall
4 1 (0.88%) Network Security
4 1 (0.88%) SSH
4 1 (0.88%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (21.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 14 (12.39%) NoSQL
3 11 (9.73%) MongoDB
4 7 (6.19%) Data Lake
5 6 (5.31%) Amazon Athena
5 6 (5.31%) Amazon Redshift
6 5 (4.42%) Azure SQL Database
6 5 (4.42%) SQL Server
7 4 (3.54%) Amazon Aurora
7 4 (3.54%) Hadoop
7 4 (3.54%) Relational Database
8 3 (2.65%) Amazon RDS
8 3 (2.65%) Big Data
8 3 (2.65%) Redis
9 2 (1.77%) Data Mart
9 2 (1.77%) MariaDB
9 2 (1.77%) MySQL
9 2 (1.77%) Power BI
9 2 (1.77%) RDBMS
9 2 (1.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 21 (18.58%) Jenkins
2 20 (17.70%) Git (software)
3 11 (9.73%) JIRA
4 7 (6.19%) Bitbucket
5 6 (5.31%) Postman
6 5 (4.42%) Cucumber
6 5 (4.42%) SpecFlow
7 4 (3.54%) JMeter
7 4 (3.54%) Sourcetree
8 3 (2.65%) Appium
8 3 (2.65%) LoadRunner
8 3 (2.65%) Rational Performance Tester
8 3 (2.65%) Selenium
8 3 (2.65%) WebDriver
9 2 (1.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 2 (1.77%) CircleCI
9 2 (1.77%) JUnit
9 2 (1.77%) Maven
9 2 (1.77%) SonarQube
9 2 (1.77%) Visual Studio
General
1 24 (21.24%) Social Skills
2 21 (18.58%) Finance
3 12 (10.62%) Analytical Skills
4 8 (7.08%) Legal
5 7 (6.19%) Financial Institution
6 4 (3.54%) Influencing Skills
6 4 (3.54%) Marketing
7 3 (2.65%) Retail
8 2 (1.77%) Advertising
8 2 (1.77%) Banking
8 2 (1.77%) Investment Banking
8 2 (1.77%) Public Sector
8 2 (1.77%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.88%) Billing
9 1 (0.88%) Documentation Skills
9 1 (0.88%) Front Office
9 1 (0.88%) General Ledger
9 1 (0.88%) Music Industry
9 1 (0.88%) Polish Language
Job Titles
1 29 (25.66%) Developer
2 20 (17.70%) Architect
3 18 (15.93%) AWS Engineer
4 11 (9.73%) DevOps Engineer
5 7 (6.19%) AWS Architect
5 7 (6.19%) AWS DevOps
5 7 (6.19%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 7 (6.19%) Data Engineer
5 7 (6.19%) Solutions Architect
6 6 (5.31%) C# Developer
6 6 (5.31%) Software Engineer
6 6 (5.31%) Tester
7 5 (4.42%) Angular Developer
7 5 (4.42%) Cloud Engineer
7 5 (4.42%) Java Developer
7 5 (4.42%) Java Engineer
7 5 (4.42%) Microsoft 365 Developer
7 5 (4.42%) Senior Developer
7 5 (4.42%) Senior Java Engineer
8 4 (3.54%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 20 (17.70%) .NET
1 20 (17.70%) Node.js
2 17 (15.04%) React
3 12 (10.62%) REST
4 10 (8.85%) RESTful
5 8 (7.08%) GraphQL
6 7 (6.19%) AngularJS
6 7 (6.19%) HTML
6 7 (6.19%) HTML5
6 7 (6.19%) Kafka
7 6 (5.31%) .NET Core
7 6 (5.31%) Gherkin
8 5 (4.42%) Spring
8 5 (4.42%) Spring Boot
9 4 (3.54%) CSS
9 4 (3.54%) Serverless Framework
9 4 (3.54%) Swagger
9 4 (3.54%) Web Services
10 3 (2.65%) Jest
10 3 (2.65%) Lambda Expressions
Miscellaneous
1 7 (6.19%) Greenfield Project
1 7 (6.19%) Hedge funds
2 5 (4.42%) Cloud Native
2 5 (4.42%) Data Centre
3 4 (3.54%) Public Cloud
4 3 (2.65%) Data Structures
4 3 (2.65%) Enterprise Cloud
4 3 (2.65%) Legacy Applications
5 2 (1.77%) Equities
5 2 (1.77%) Hybrid Cloud
5 2 (1.77%) Legacy Systems
5 2 (1.77%) N-Tier
5 2 (1.77%) Reference Data
5 2 (1.77%) Self-Motivation
5 2 (1.77%) Social Media
5 2 (1.77%) User Experience
6 1 (0.88%) Credit Risk
6 1 (0.88%) Linux Command Line
6 1 (0.88%) Management Information System
6 1 (0.88%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 6 (5.31%) Linux
1 6 (5.31%) Windows
2 2 (1.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 1 (0.88%) Mac OS
3 1 (0.88%) Unix
3 1 (0.88%) Windows 10
3 1 (0.88%) Windows Server 2012
3 1 (0.88%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 52 (46.02%) DevOps
2 39 (34.51%) Agile Software Development
3 29 (25.66%) Microservices
4 27 (23.89%) Full Stack Development
5 14 (12.39%) Software Engineering
5 14 (12.39%) Test Automation
6 12 (10.62%) Scrum
7 11 (9.73%) Continuous Integration
7 11 (9.73%) Infrastructure as Code
7 11 (9.73%) Problem-Solving
8 9 (7.96%) Analytics
8 9 (7.96%) Continuous Delivery
9 8 (7.08%) Business Intelligence
10 7 (6.19%) API Design
10 7 (6.19%) BDD
10 7 (6.19%) Continuous Improvement
10 7 (6.19%) Data Protection
10 7 (6.19%) OOP
10 7 (6.19%) Risk Management
10 7 (6.19%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 28 (24.78%) Java
1 28 (24.78%) Python
2 27 (23.89%) SQL
3 26 (23.01%) JavaScript
4 17 (15.04%) C#
5 13 (11.50%) TypeScript
6 6 (5.31%) C++
7 4 (3.54%) PowerShell
8 3 (2.65%) C
8 3 (2.65%) Go
8 3 (2.65%) Scala
8 3 (2.65%) T-SQL
9 2 (1.77%) Bash Shell
9 2 (1.77%) Java 8
9 2 (1.77%) PHP
9 2 (1.77%) Ruby
10 1 (0.88%) Bicep
10 1 (0.88%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
10 1 (0.88%) Kotlin
10 1 (0.88%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 7 (6.19%) AWS Certification
2 6 (5.31%) Degree
3 3 (2.65%) CISSP
4 2 (1.77%) Sun Certification
5 1 (0.88%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.88%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.88%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (6.19%) GDPR
1 7 (6.19%) QA
2 3 (2.65%) Accessibility
3 2 (1.77%) Data Quality
3 2 (1.77%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.88%) IFRS
4 1 (0.88%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 22 (19.47%) Docker
2 5 (4.42%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 21 (18.58%) Terraform
2 20 (17.70%) Kubernetes
3 6 (5.31%) Ansible
4 2 (1.77%) Prometheus
5 1 (0.88%) Grafana
5 1 (0.88%) Kibana
Vendors
1 7 (6.19%) Microsoft
2 5 (4.42%) Databricks
3 3 (2.65%) Confluent
3 3 (2.65%) HP
3 3 (2.65%) IBM
4 1 (0.88%) Adobe
4 1 (0.88%) Charles River
4 1 (0.88%) Cloudera
4 1 (0.88%) Facebook
4 1 (0.88%) Google
4 1 (0.88%) MuleSoft
4 1 (0.88%) Oracle
4 1 (0.88%) Pega
4 1 (0.88%) Red Hat
4 1 (0.88%) Salesforce.com
4 1 (0.88%) WorldPay