Period
to 28 October 2021

The median contractor rate for a Cloud Engineer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Engineer
UK > England
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 243 251 276
Rank change year-on-year +8 +25 +82
Contract jobs requiring a Cloud Engineer 775 284 756
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.13% 1.02% 0.98%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.21% 1.10% 1.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 505 180 515
10th Percentile £413 £375 £402
25th Percentile £475 £425 £466
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £575
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% -8.70% +9.52%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £650
90th Percentile £688 £663 £713
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £560
% change year-on-year +4.76% -6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 5
10th Percentile £40.93 " £53.05
25th Percentile £49.81 " £77.50
Median hourly rate £66.75 - £80.00
75th Percentile £85.81 " £82.50
90th Percentile £95.98 " "
UK median hourly rate £66.75 £40.00 £80.00
% change year-on-year +66.88% -50.00% +122.22%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 63,903 25,819 72,614
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.45% 92.60% 94.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 45,118 17,783 49,269
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
25th Percentile £408 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £509 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.16% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,867 841 2,405
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.74 £14.00 £13.75
Median hourly rate £19.52 £22.00 £18.70
Median % change year-on-year -11.27% +17.65% +6.86%
75th Percentile £45.00 £43.75 £43.75
90th Percentile £62.15 £53.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £22.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -9.09% +15.79% +8.57%

Cloud Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Cloud Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Engineer in England

Cloud Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Engineer in England.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Engineer in England

Cloud Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Engineer in England over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Engineer in England

Cloud Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Engineer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Engineer in England

Cloud Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cloud Engineer in England over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cloud Engineer in England

Cloud Engineer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Engineer within the England region over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +19 487 £561 +2.05% 166
North of England -63 69 £525 - 56
South East -75 51 £525 +10.53% 37
Midlands -43 39 £500 -1.23% 33
Yorkshire -10 38 £525 -4.55% 15
South West -25 33 £550 +25.00% 18
North West -64 27 £540 +2.86% 33
East of England -34 26 £500 +49.25% 29
West Midlands -54 20 £550 -4.35% 19
East Midlands -27 16 £495 +19.93% 14
North East - 4 £550 - 8
Cloud Engineer
UK

Cloud Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, Cloud Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Cloud Engineer in the job title.

1 426 (54.97%) Azure
2 412 (53.16%) AWS
3 383 (49.42%) DevOps
4 315 (40.65%) Terraform
5 263 (33.94%) Python
6 223 (28.77%) Agile Software Development
7 221 (28.52%) Kubernetes
8 217 (28.00%) Infrastructure as Code
9 190 (24.52%) PowerShell
10 183 (23.61%) Finance
11 168 (21.68%) GCP
12 151 (19.48%) Linux
13 140 (18.06%) Jenkins
14 139 (17.94%) Windows
15 138 (17.81%) Docker
16 130 (16.77%) AWS CloudFormation
17 126 (16.26%) Ansible
18 124 (16.00%) Java
19 123 (15.87%) Google
20 119 (15.35%) Bash Shell
21 118 (15.23%) Microsoft
22 113 (14.58%) Migration
23 99 (12.77%) PaaS
24 94 (12.13%) Git (software)
24 94 (12.13%) Social Skills
25 93 (12.00%) IaaS
26 91 (11.74%) Active Directory
27 87 (11.23%) SQL
28 86 (11.10%) Serverless
29 80 (10.32%) Web Services

Cloud Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (3.74%) Confluence
2 27 (3.48%) Apache Spark
3 24 (3.10%) Apache
4 19 (2.45%) SharePoint
5 14 (1.81%) Elasticsearch
6 11 (1.42%) OpenStack
7 8 (1.03%) Mule
8 7 (0.90%) Apache Airflow
8 7 (0.90%) nginx
9 5 (0.65%) Cloud Foundry
9 5 (0.65%) MS Exchange
10 4 (0.52%) IIS
11 3 (0.39%) Skype for Business
11 3 (0.39%) Tomcat
11 3 (0.39%) WebLogic
12 2 (0.26%) BizTalk Server
12 2 (0.26%) Jupyter
12 2 (0.26%) NServiceBus
12 2 (0.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 2 (0.26%) SAS
Applications
1 6 (0.77%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 7 (0.90%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.13%) JDE OneWorld
2 1 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
2 1 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 426 (54.97%) Azure
2 412 (53.16%) AWS
3 168 (21.68%) GCP
4 130 (16.77%) AWS CloudFormation
5 99 (12.77%) PaaS
6 93 (12.00%) IaaS
7 86 (11.10%) Serverless
8 79 (10.19%) GitHub
9 57 (7.35%) Microsoft 365
10 54 (6.97%) AWS Lambda
11 45 (5.81%) Azure Active Directory
12 40 (5.16%) SaaS
13 36 (4.65%) Amazon EC2
14 35 (4.52%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 28 (3.61%) Amazon S3
16 26 (3.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 23 (2.97%) Cloud Computing
18 21 (2.71%) Amazon EKS
19 19 (2.45%) AWS CloudTrail
20 17 (2.19%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 77 (9.94%) Firewall
2 45 (5.81%) DNS
3 30 (3.87%) VPN
4 21 (2.71%) DHCP
5 20 (2.58%) Network Security
6 16 (2.06%) SSL
7 13 (1.68%) BGP
8 12 (1.55%) Software-Defined Networking
8 12 (1.55%) TCP/IP
9 11 (1.42%) WAN
10 10 (1.29%) Internet
10 10 (1.29%) MPLS
11 7 (0.90%) HTTP
11 7 (0.90%) LAN
11 7 (0.90%) Reverse Proxy
12 6 (0.77%) OSPF
12 6 (0.77%) SAN
13 5 (0.65%) Intrusion Detection
13 5 (0.65%) Skype
13 5 (0.65%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (5.16%) Big Data
2 37 (4.77%) Data Warehouse
3 34 (4.39%) SQL Server
4 29 (3.74%) BigQuery
5 26 (3.35%) Data Lake
6 24 (3.10%) NoSQL
7 21 (2.71%) Azure SQL Database
8 19 (2.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 19 (2.45%) PostgreSQL
9 18 (2.32%) Amazon Athena
9 18 (2.32%) Cloud Spanner
9 18 (2.32%) MongoDB
10 17 (2.19%) Hadoop
11 13 (1.68%) Amazon Redshift
11 13 (1.68%) Apache Hive
11 13 (1.68%) Relational Database
12 12 (1.55%) Amazon RDS
12 12 (1.55%) Tableau
13 9 (1.16%) Looker
13 9 (1.16%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 140 (18.06%) Jenkins
2 94 (12.13%) Git (software)
3 48 (6.19%) JIRA
4 40 (5.16%) TeamCity
5 30 (3.87%) GitLab
6 27 (3.48%) Bitbucket
7 23 (2.97%) Gradle
7 23 (2.97%) Maven
8 18 (2.32%) Postman
9 14 (1.81%) Octopus Deploy
10 12 (1.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 11 (1.42%) Sonatype Nexus
12 10 (1.29%) CircleCI
13 7 (0.90%) Travis CI
13 7 (0.90%) Visual Studio
13 7 (0.90%) Visual Studio Team System
14 6 (0.77%) Artifactory
15 5 (0.65%) Cucumber
15 5 (0.65%) ProC
16 4 (0.52%) JMeter
General
1 183 (23.61%) Finance
2 94 (12.13%) Social Skills
3 51 (6.58%) Banking
4 28 (3.61%) Analytical Skills
5 24 (3.10%) Retail
6 21 (2.71%) Financial Institution
6 21 (2.71%) Public Sector
7 18 (2.32%) Legal
8 16 (2.06%) Investment Banking
9 15 (1.94%) Telecoms
10 7 (0.90%) Marketing
10 7 (0.90%) Presentation Skills
11 5 (0.65%) Electronics
11 5 (0.65%) Law
11 5 (0.65%) Local Government
12 4 (0.52%) Documentation Skills
13 3 (0.39%) Aerospace
13 3 (0.39%) Automotive
13 3 (0.39%) Billing
13 3 (0.39%) Games
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 80 (10.32%) Web Services
2 40 (5.16%) ARM Templates
3 36 (4.65%) .NET
4 35 (4.52%) Kafka
5 25 (3.23%) JSON
6 23 (2.97%) XML
7 21 (2.71%) YAML
8 20 (2.58%) Spring
9 16 (2.06%) Node.js
10 15 (1.94%) Spring Boot
11 13 (1.68%) Elastic Stack
11 13 (1.68%) REST
12 10 (1.29%) RESTful
13 9 (1.16%) .NET Core
13 9 (1.16%) Apache Beam
13 9 (1.16%) OAuth
14 8 (1.03%) OAuth2
14 8 (1.03%) SAML
15 7 (0.90%) RabbitMQ
15 7 (0.90%) React
Miscellaneous
1 75 (9.68%) Cloud Native
2 69 (8.90%) Public Cloud
3 40 (5.16%) Hybrid Cloud
4 23 (2.97%) Data Centre
5 21 (2.71%) Data Protection Act
6 18 (2.32%) Self-Motivation
7 16 (2.06%) Legacy Applications
8 14 (1.81%) Hedge funds
9 12 (1.55%) Linux Command Line
10 11 (1.42%) iPad
10 11 (1.42%) PKI
11 10 (1.29%) Greenfield Project
12 8 (1.03%) Virtual Team
13 7 (0.90%) Management Information System
13 7 (0.90%) Private Cloud
14 6 (0.77%) CMDB
14 6 (0.77%) Cybercrime
15 5 (0.65%) Algorithms
15 5 (0.65%) Blog
16 4 (0.52%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 151 (19.48%) Linux
2 139 (17.94%) Windows
3 53 (6.84%) Windows Server
4 27 (3.48%) Unix
5 12 (1.55%) Windows 10
6 11 (1.42%) VMS
7 10 (1.29%) Windows Server 2012
8 9 (1.16%) Windows Server 2019
9 6 (0.77%) Windows Server 2016
10 5 (0.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 5 (0.65%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.65%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (0.39%) CentOS
11 3 (0.39%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.26%) Apple iOS
12 2 (0.26%) Debian
13 1 (0.13%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 383 (49.42%) DevOps
2 223 (28.77%) Agile Software Development
3 217 (28.00%) Infrastructure as Code
4 113 (14.58%) Migration
5 71 (9.16%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 64 (8.26%) Scrum
7 59 (7.61%) Microservices
8 55 (7.10%) Machine Learning
9 50 (6.45%) Analytics
10 45 (5.81%) Test Automation
11 43 (5.55%) Cybersecurity
11 43 (5.55%) Task Automation
12 42 (5.42%) Artificial Intelligence
12 42 (5.42%) Continuous Delivery
13 40 (5.16%) ITIL
13 40 (5.16%) Project Delivery
14 39 (5.03%) Continuous Integration
15 37 (4.77%) Configuration Management
15 37 (4.77%) Data Protection
15 37 (4.77%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 263 (33.94%) Python
2 190 (24.52%) PowerShell
3 124 (16.00%) Java
4 119 (15.35%) Bash Shell
5 87 (11.23%) SQL
6 29 (3.74%) C#
6 29 (3.74%) JavaScript
7 20 (2.58%) Go
8 19 (2.45%) Scala
9 16 (2.06%) Ruby
10 14 (1.81%) C
11 13 (1.68%) Groovy
11 13 (1.68%) Perl
12 8 (1.03%) C++
12 8 (1.03%) PL/SQL
13 7 (0.90%) Shell Script
13 7 (0.90%) TypeScript
14 5 (0.65%) T-SQL
15 3 (0.39%) PHP
15 3 (0.39%) VB
Qualifications
1 55 (7.10%) Security Cleared
2 51 (6.58%) SC Cleared
3 50 (6.45%) AWS Certification
4 25 (3.23%) Degree
5 18 (2.32%) Cisco Certification
6 12 (1.55%) CISSP
6 12 (1.55%) Microsoft Certification
7 10 (1.29%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 10 (1.29%) CCSP
8 8 (1.03%) DV Cleared
9 7 (0.90%) CCNP
9 7 (0.90%) GIAC
10 5 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
10 5 (0.65%) MCSE
11 3 (0.39%) MCSA
12 2 (0.26%) CCNA
12 2 (0.26%) Computer Science Degree
12 2 (0.26%) MCITP
12 2 (0.26%) MCTS
13 1 (0.13%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (2.97%) GDPR
2 21 (2.71%) SLA
3 9 (1.16%) NIST
3 9 (1.16%) PCI DSS
4 8 (1.03%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 7 (0.90%) QA
5 7 (0.90%) SOC 2
6 6 (0.77%) COBIT
7 5 (0.65%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 4 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 3 (0.39%) Data Quality
9 3 (0.39%) OASIS TOSCA
10 2 (0.26%) FedRAMP
10 2 (0.26%) NCSC
10 2 (0.26%) PSD2
11 1 (0.13%) Accessibility
11 1 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials
11 1 (0.13%) PMO
11 1 (0.13%) SOC 1
System Software
1 138 (17.81%) Docker
2 91 (11.74%) Active Directory
3 52 (6.71%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (2.06%) Virtual Machines
5 15 (1.94%) Virtual Desktop
6 13 (1.68%) vSphere
7 10 (1.29%) VMware ESXi
8 8 (1.03%) Hyper-V
8 8 (1.03%) KVM
9 7 (0.90%) Microsoft App-V
10 6 (0.77%) HDFS
11 4 (0.52%) VMware NSX
12 3 (0.39%) LXC
12 3 (0.39%) NFS
12 3 (0.39%) Slurm Workload Manager
12 3 (0.39%) Virtual Servers
12 3 (0.39%) Xen
13 1 (0.13%) Varnish
13 1 (0.13%) vCloud
13 1 (0.13%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 315 (40.65%) Terraform
2 221 (28.52%) Kubernetes
3 126 (16.26%) Ansible
4 46 (5.94%) Opscode Chef
5 43 (5.55%) Puppet
6 24 (3.10%) Istio
6 24 (3.10%) Prometheus
7 22 (2.84%) Microsoft Intune
7 22 (2.84%) SCCM
8 10 (1.29%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 10 (1.29%) Packer
9 9 (1.16%) Grafana
9 9 (1.16%) Nagios
10 8 (1.03%) vRealize
11 7 (0.90%) Kibana
12 6 (0.77%) Consul
12 6 (0.77%) Docker Swarm
13 5 (0.65%) vCenter Server
14 4 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
14 4 (0.52%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 123 (15.87%) Google
2 118 (15.23%) Microsoft
3 70 (9.03%) VMware
4 39 (5.03%) Splunk
5 23 (2.97%) Citrix
6 22 (2.84%) Cisco
7 19 (2.45%) Oracle
8 17 (2.19%) Databricks
9 14 (1.81%) Cloudera
10 13 (1.68%) Red Hat
11 12 (1.55%) New Relic
11 12 (1.55%) Palo Alto
12 11 (1.42%) SolarWinds
13 8 (1.03%) F5
14 6 (0.77%) CloudEndure
14 6 (0.77%) Fortinet
15 5 (0.65%) AppDynamics
15 5 (0.65%) IBM
15 5 (0.65%) Juniper
15 5 (0.65%) Salesforce.com