Period
to 19 October 2021

The median contractor rate for a Cloud Engineer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Engineer
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 223 248 279
Rank change year-on-year +25 +31 +77
Contract jobs requiring a Cloud Engineer 973 329 845
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.16% 1.06% 1.00%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.24% 1.14% 1.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 614 200 577
10th Percentile £400 £374 £388
25th Percentile £475 £425 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £631 £596 £650
90th Percentile £688 £651 £725
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £475 £510
% change year-on-year +10.53% -6.86% +2.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 6
10th Percentile £38.80 " £31.50
25th Percentile £44.50 " £46.94
Median hourly rate £54.00 £40.00 £80.00
Median % change year-on-year +35.00% -50.00% +122.22%
75th Percentile £78.38 " £82.50
90th Percentile £93.00 " "
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £80.00

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 78,520 28,782 79,543
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.26% 92.31% 94.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 54,602 19,413 53,256
10th Percentile £300 £263 £259
25th Percentile £406 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £569
90th Percentile £700 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,070 932 2,705
10th Percentile £11.75 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.54 £14.00 £13.75
Median hourly rate £20.00 £22.00 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year -9.09% +15.79% +8.57%
75th Percentile £45.00 £43.75 £43.25
90th Percentile £62.26 £53.75 £52.05
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £19.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year -10.26% +11.43% -

Cloud Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Cloud Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Engineer.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Engineer over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Engineer.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cloud Engineer over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 760 £550 +4.76% 321
London +9 482 £558 +1.36% 151
Work from Home -56 310 £534 +1.67% 76
UK excluding London -58 247 £525 +10.53% 188
North of England -65 62 £525 - 58
South East -71 53 £525 +10.53% 33
Midlands -53 37 £498 -1.73% 31
South West -20 34 £550 +27.17% 20
Yorkshire -21 33 £525 -12.50% 15
North West -71 27 £540 +2.86% 37
East of England -32 26 £488 +45.52% 25
Scotland -72 24 £490 +18.07% 10
West Midlands -51 19 £550 -4.35% 20
Wales -20 15 £575 +27.78% 8
East Midlands -20 15 £435 +5.39% 11
North East - 2 £600 - 6

Cloud Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, Cloud Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Cloud Engineer in the job title.

1 533 (54.78%) Azure
2 486 (49.95%) AWS
3 483 (49.64%) DevOps
4 403 (41.42%) Terraform
5 327 (33.61%) Python
6 270 (27.75%) Agile Software Development
6 270 (27.75%) Kubernetes
7 262 (26.93%) Infrastructure as Code
8 225 (23.12%) GCP
9 215 (22.10%) PowerShell
10 207 (21.27%) Finance
11 181 (18.60%) Linux
12 180 (18.50%) Jenkins
13 175 (17.99%) Windows
14 173 (17.78%) Ansible
15 166 (17.06%) Google
16 161 (16.55%) Docker
17 145 (14.90%) Microsoft
18 143 (14.70%) Java
19 142 (14.59%) AWS CloudFormation
20 133 (13.67%) PaaS
21 132 (13.57%) Migration
22 127 (13.05%) IaaS
23 126 (12.95%) Bash Shell
24 121 (12.44%) Active Directory
25 116 (11.92%) SQL
26 110 (11.31%) Social Skills
27 109 (11.20%) Git (software)
28 106 (10.89%) Serverless
29 103 (10.59%) GitHub

Cloud Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (3.91%) Apache Spark
1 38 (3.91%) Confluence
2 32 (3.29%) Apache
3 24 (2.47%) SharePoint
4 13 (1.34%) Elasticsearch
5 11 (1.13%) IIS
5 11 (1.13%) OpenStack
6 10 (1.03%) Apache Airflow
7 9 (0.92%) Mule
8 8 (0.82%) nginx
9 7 (0.72%) Tomcat
10 5 (0.51%) Cloud Foundry
10 5 (0.51%) MS Exchange
10 5 (0.51%) WebSphere
11 3 (0.31%) SAS
11 3 (0.31%) Skype for Business
11 3 (0.31%) WebLogic
12 2 (0.21%) BizTalk Server
12 2 (0.21%) Luigi
12 2 (0.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 6 (0.62%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.31%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 7 (0.72%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.10%) JDE OneWorld
3 1 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 533 (54.78%) Azure
2 486 (49.95%) AWS
3 225 (23.12%) GCP
4 142 (14.59%) AWS CloudFormation
5 133 (13.67%) PaaS
6 127 (13.05%) IaaS
7 106 (10.89%) Serverless
8 103 (10.59%) GitHub
9 72 (7.40%) AWS Lambda
10 63 (6.47%) Microsoft 365
11 61 (6.27%) Azure Active Directory
12 60 (6.17%) SaaS
13 41 (4.21%) Amazon EC2
14 37 (3.80%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 35 (3.60%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 33 (3.39%) Amazon S3
17 28 (2.88%) OpenShift
18 27 (2.77%) Amazon ECS
19 25 (2.57%) Cloud Computing
20 24 (2.47%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 92 (9.46%) Firewall
2 55 (5.65%) DNS
3 36 (3.70%) Network Security
4 31 (3.19%) VPN
5 23 (2.36%) DHCP
6 19 (1.95%) TCP/IP
7 17 (1.75%) Software-Defined Networking
7 17 (1.75%) SSL
8 15 (1.54%) BGP
9 14 (1.44%) Internet
10 12 (1.23%) WAN
11 10 (1.03%) MPLS
12 7 (0.72%) HTTP
12 7 (0.72%) OSPF
12 7 (0.72%) Reverse Proxy
13 6 (0.62%) LAN
13 6 (0.62%) SAN
14 5 (0.51%) Intrusion Detection
14 5 (0.51%) Skype
14 5 (0.51%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 50 (5.14%) Big Data
2 42 (4.32%) Data Warehouse
3 39 (4.01%) SQL Server
4 33 (3.39%) NoSQL
5 32 (3.29%) BigQuery
5 32 (3.29%) Data Lake
6 28 (2.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 26 (2.67%) Azure SQL Database
8 24 (2.47%) Hadoop
9 23 (2.36%) PostgreSQL
10 20 (2.06%) Cloud Spanner
11 19 (1.95%) Amazon Redshift
12 18 (1.85%) Amazon Athena
13 15 (1.54%) Apache Hive
13 15 (1.54%) MongoDB
14 13 (1.34%) HBase
14 13 (1.34%) Relational Database
15 12 (1.23%) Amazon RDS
15 12 (1.23%) Tableau
16 10 (1.03%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 180 (18.50%) Jenkins
2 109 (11.20%) Git (software)
3 65 (6.68%) JIRA
4 38 (3.91%) TeamCity
5 33 (3.39%) GitLab
6 30 (3.08%) Bitbucket
7 25 (2.57%) Maven
8 24 (2.47%) Gradle
9 19 (1.95%) Postman
10 18 (1.85%) Visual Studio
11 14 (1.44%) Octopus Deploy
12 12 (1.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 12 (1.23%) Sonatype Nexus
12 12 (1.23%) Spinnaker
13 10 (1.03%) CircleCI
13 10 (1.03%) Travis CI
14 9 (0.92%) Artifactory
15 7 (0.72%) Visual Studio Team System
16 5 (0.51%) ProC
17 4 (0.41%) Cucumber
General
1 207 (21.27%) Finance
2 110 (11.31%) Social Skills
3 58 (5.96%) Banking
4 42 (4.32%) Analytical Skills
5 37 (3.80%) Public Sector
6 22 (2.26%) Retail
7 17 (1.75%) Financial Institution
7 17 (1.75%) Investment Banking
7 17 (1.75%) Telecoms
8 16 (1.64%) Law
9 14 (1.44%) Legal
10 13 (1.34%) Presentation Skills
11 10 (1.03%) Billing
12 5 (0.51%) Electronics
12 5 (0.51%) Marketing
13 4 (0.41%) Automotive
13 4 (0.41%) Back Office
13 4 (0.41%) Documentation Skills
13 4 (0.41%) Local Government
14 3 (0.31%) Aerospace
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 94 (9.66%) Web Services
2 42 (4.32%) .NET
2 42 (4.32%) ARM Templates
3 36 (3.70%) Kafka
3 36 (3.70%) XML
4 35 (3.60%) JSON
5 30 (3.08%) YAML
6 26 (2.67%) Node.js
7 19 (1.95%) Spring
8 16 (1.64%) RESTful
9 15 (1.54%) Spring Boot
10 13 (1.34%) .NET Core
10 13 (1.34%) Elastic Stack
11 12 (1.23%) REST
12 11 (1.13%) React
13 10 (1.03%) Apache Beam
14 9 (0.92%) OAuth
14 9 (0.92%) Serverless Framework
15 8 (0.82%) OAuth2
15 8 (0.82%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 90 (9.25%) Cloud Native
2 83 (8.53%) Public Cloud
3 41 (4.21%) Hybrid Cloud
4 36 (3.70%) Data Centre
5 30 (3.08%) Self-Motivation
6 20 (2.06%) Data Protection Act
7 16 (1.64%) Legacy Applications
8 13 (1.34%) Greenfield Project
8 13 (1.34%) Linux Command Line
8 13 (1.34%) Management Information System
9 12 (1.23%) PKI
10 11 (1.13%) Hedge funds
10 11 (1.13%) iPad
11 9 (0.92%) Private Cloud
11 9 (0.92%) Virtual Team
12 6 (0.62%) CMDB
12 6 (0.62%) Cybercrime
12 6 (0.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 6 (0.62%) Replication
13 5 (0.51%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 181 (18.60%) Linux
2 175 (17.99%) Windows
3 61 (6.27%) Windows Server
4 32 (3.29%) Unix
5 14 (1.44%) VMS
6 13 (1.34%) Windows 10
7 12 (1.23%) Windows Server 2012
8 10 (1.03%) Windows Server 2019
9 8 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 8 (0.82%) Windows Server 2016
10 5 (0.51%) CentOS
10 5 (0.51%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (0.41%) Mac OS
11 4 (0.41%) Ubuntu
12 3 (0.31%) Apple iOS
13 2 (0.21%) Android
14 1 (0.10%) Alpine Linux
14 1 (0.10%) CoreOS
14 1 (0.10%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 483 (49.64%) DevOps
2 270 (27.75%) Agile Software Development
3 262 (26.93%) Infrastructure as Code
4 132 (13.57%) Migration
5 89 (9.15%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 77 (7.91%) Scrum
7 71 (7.30%) Microservices
8 66 (6.78%) Analytics
9 65 (6.68%) Cybersecurity
10 58 (5.96%) Continuous Integration
11 56 (5.76%) Configuration Management
12 55 (5.65%) Machine Learning
12 55 (5.65%) Test Automation
13 53 (5.45%) Continuous Delivery
13 53 (5.45%) ITIL
14 48 (4.93%) Project Delivery
15 46 (4.73%) Artificial Intelligence
15 46 (4.73%) Security Architecture
16 42 (4.32%) Data Pipeline
16 42 (4.32%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 327 (33.61%) Python
2 215 (22.10%) PowerShell
3 143 (14.70%) Java
4 126 (12.95%) Bash Shell
5 116 (11.92%) SQL
6 38 (3.91%) JavaScript
7 33 (3.39%) C#
8 26 (2.67%) Scala
9 22 (2.26%) Go
10 19 (1.95%) Groovy
11 18 (1.85%) Perl
12 17 (1.75%) Ruby
13 16 (1.64%) C
14 13 (1.34%) PL/SQL
15 10 (1.03%) C++
15 10 (1.03%) Shell Script
16 9 (0.92%) T-SQL
17 8 (0.82%) TypeScript
18 7 (0.72%) PHP
19 5 (0.51%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 86 (8.84%) Security Cleared
2 82 (8.43%) SC Cleared
3 53 (5.45%) AWS Certification
4 33 (3.39%) Degree
5 28 (2.88%) CISSP
6 25 (2.57%) Cisco Certification
7 17 (1.75%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 16 (1.64%) Microsoft Certification
9 10 (1.03%) CCSP
10 9 (0.92%) Computer Science Degree
10 9 (0.92%) DV Cleared
11 8 (0.82%) CCNP
12 7 (0.72%) GIAC
13 6 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
13 6 (0.62%) MCSA
14 5 (0.51%) MCSE
15 2 (0.21%) CISA
15 2 (0.21%) CISM
15 2 (0.21%) CISMP
15 2 (0.21%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (2.67%) SLA
2 20 (2.06%) GDPR
3 17 (1.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 10 (1.03%) PCI DSS
4 10 (1.03%) QA
5 9 (0.92%) NIST
6 7 (0.72%) SOC 2
7 5 (0.51%) COBIT
7 5 (0.51%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 4 (0.41%) OASIS TOSCA
9 3 (0.31%) Accessibility
9 3 (0.31%) Data Quality
9 3 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (0.21%) FedRAMP
10 2 (0.21%) NCSC
10 2 (0.21%) PSD2
11 1 (0.10%) PMO
11 1 (0.10%) SOC 1
System Software
1 161 (16.55%) Docker
2 121 (12.44%) Active Directory
3 62 (6.37%) VMware Infrastructure
4 30 (3.08%) Virtual Machines
5 21 (2.16%) Virtual Desktop
6 16 (1.64%) VMware ESXi
7 13 (1.34%) vSphere
8 11 (1.13%) Hyper-V
9 8 (0.82%) KVM
10 7 (0.72%) Microsoft App-V
11 6 (0.62%) HDFS
12 5 (0.51%) vCloud
12 5 (0.51%) VMware NSX
13 4 (0.41%) LXC
14 3 (0.31%) NFS
14 3 (0.31%) Slurm Workload Manager
14 3 (0.31%) Virtual Servers
14 3 (0.31%) Xen
15 2 (0.21%) Terminal Services
16 1 (0.10%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 403 (41.42%) Terraform
2 270 (27.75%) Kubernetes
3 173 (17.78%) Ansible
4 61 (6.27%) Opscode Chef
5 47 (4.83%) Puppet
6 30 (3.08%) Istio
7 26 (2.67%) Microsoft Intune
8 23 (2.36%) Prometheus
8 23 (2.36%) SCCM
9 12 (1.23%) vRealize
10 11 (1.13%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 10 (1.03%) Packer
11 10 (1.03%) vCenter Server
12 9 (0.92%) Nagios
13 8 (0.82%) Grafana
13 8 (0.82%) StackStorm
13 8 (0.82%) vRealize Orchestrator
14 7 (0.72%) Docker Swarm
14 7 (0.72%) Kibana
15 6 (0.62%) Consul
Vendors
1 166 (17.06%) Google
2 145 (14.90%) Microsoft
3 85 (8.74%) VMware
4 40 (4.11%) Splunk
5 27 (2.77%) Citrix
6 26 (2.67%) Cisco
7 22 (2.26%) Cloudera
8 21 (2.16%) Oracle
9 17 (1.75%) Databricks
10 16 (1.64%) Red Hat
11 14 (1.44%) New Relic
12 13 (1.34%) Palo Alto
12 13 (1.34%) SolarWinds
13 10 (1.03%) Atlassian
13 10 (1.03%) F5
13 10 (1.03%) Salesforce.com
14 9 (0.92%) IBM
14 9 (0.92%) SAP
15 8 (0.82%) Micro Focus
16 7 (0.72%) Fortinet