Period
to 12 May 2021

The median contractor rate for a Cloud Engineer was £505 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Engineer
UK
6 months to
12 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 203 271 280
Rank change year-on-year +68 +9 +73
Contract jobs requiring a Cloud Engineer 704 485 905
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.25% 0.95% 0.98%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.35% 1.01% 1.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 478 337 617
10th Percentile £375 £406 £408
25th Percentile £450 £463 £455
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £505 £550 £540
Median % change year-on-year -8.18% +1.85% +2.86%
75th Percentile £600 £663 £625
90th Percentile £672 £757 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -5.00% - +3.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 2
Median hourly rate £54.00 - £41.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £12.50

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 52,212 47,880 87,075
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.79% 93.72% 94.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 35,807 31,734 58,501
10th Percentile £290 £233 £275
25th Percentile £385 £363 £368
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £463 £473
Median % change year-on-year +2.70% -2.12% +5.00%
75th Percentile £575 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,697 1,783 2,618
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.63 £11.00
25th Percentile £14.58 £14.25 £13.00
Median hourly rate £22.50 £19.00 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year +18.42% +5.56% +2.86%
75th Percentile £45.00 £38.75 £40.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +1.04%

Cloud Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Cloud Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Engineer.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Engineer over the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Engineer.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 12 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +56 567 £505 -10.22% 236
London -21 322 £530 -11.67% 96
UK excluding London +118 252 £475 -5.00% 156
Work from Home -59 235 £500 -6.98% 51
South East +88 74 £470 -14.55% 32
North of England +44 59 £500 +5.26% 50
Scotland -7 30 £493 +4.23% 10
South West +49 29 £475 -8.65% 17
Yorkshire +33 28 £500 +2.56% 19
North West +18 27 £500 +21.95% 23
Midlands +7 22 £426 -3.40% 22
East of England +43 21 £475 -5.00% 18
Wales +22 18 £549 +4.52% 5
West Midlands +11 16 £363 -19.44% 19
East Midlands +14 6 £465 +9.41% 3
North East +26 4 £450 -10.00% 8

Cloud Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 12 May 2021, Cloud Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Cloud Engineer in the job title.

1 345 (49.01%) Azure
2 320 (45.45%) AWS
3 311 (44.18%) DevOps
4 290 (41.19%) Terraform
5 198 (28.13%) Python
6 193 (27.41%) Kubernetes
7 176 (25.00%) Infrastructure as Code
8 172 (24.43%) Linux
9 167 (23.72%) Ansible
10 164 (23.30%) GCP
11 160 (22.73%) Agile Software Development
12 147 (20.88%) Docker
13 139 (19.74%) Windows
14 130 (18.47%) Finance
15 119 (16.90%) PowerShell
16 115 (16.34%) Microsoft
17 112 (15.91%) Google
18 98 (13.92%) PaaS
19 97 (13.78%) Infrastructure Engineering
20 96 (13.64%) Java
21 93 (13.21%) Jenkins
22 92 (13.07%) Active Directory
23 91 (12.93%) Migration
24 85 (12.07%) SQL
24 85 (12.07%) Social Skills
25 82 (11.65%) Firewall
26 77 (10.94%) IaaS
27 74 (10.51%) VMware
28 70 (9.94%) Git (software)
29 65 (9.23%) Banking

Cloud Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (4.26%) OpenStack
2 23 (3.27%) Apache Spark
3 21 (2.98%) Confluence
4 19 (2.70%) Apache
5 13 (1.85%) Apache Airflow
6 12 (1.70%) SharePoint
7 11 (1.56%) Cloud Foundry
7 11 (1.56%) Elasticsearch
8 7 (0.99%) MS Exchange
9 6 (0.85%) IIS
10 4 (0.57%) Tomcat
11 3 (0.43%) Jupyter
12 2 (0.28%) JBoss
12 2 (0.28%) nginx
13 1 (0.14%) BizTalk Server
13 1 (0.14%) IBM Domino
13 1 (0.14%) Jetty
13 1 (0.14%) Mule
13 1 (0.14%) SAS
13 1 (0.14%) WebSphere
Applications
1 8 (1.14%) Microsoft Office
1 8 (1.14%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.28%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 5 (0.71%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.28%) Dynamics AX
2 2 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.14%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 345 (49.01%) Azure
2 320 (45.45%) AWS
3 164 (23.30%) GCP
4 98 (13.92%) PaaS
5 77 (10.94%) IaaS
6 61 (8.66%) AWS CloudFormation
7 54 (7.67%) Serverless
8 53 (7.53%) GitHub
9 47 (6.68%) Microsoft 365
10 41 (5.82%) AWS Lambda
11 37 (5.26%) OpenShift
12 33 (4.69%) Amazon EC2
13 31 (4.40%) SaaS
14 27 (3.84%) Amazon EKS
15 26 (3.69%) Cloud Computing
16 23 (3.27%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 22 (3.13%) Amazon S3
18 20 (2.84%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 20 (2.84%) Azure Active Directory
18 20 (2.84%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 82 (11.65%) Firewall
2 48 (6.82%) DNS
3 38 (5.40%) Network Security
4 24 (3.41%) VPN
5 20 (2.84%) Software-Defined Networking
6 19 (2.70%) 3GPP
6 19 (2.70%) SGSN
7 17 (2.41%) Internet
7 17 (2.41%) SAN
8 15 (2.13%) TCP/IP
9 9 (1.28%) DHCP
9 9 (1.28%) VSAN
10 8 (1.14%) Cisco Nexus
10 8 (1.14%) VLAN
10 8 (1.14%) X.509
11 7 (0.99%) Intranet
11 7 (0.99%) MPLS
11 7 (0.99%) SMTP
11 7 (0.99%) WAN
11 7 (0.99%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (5.97%) Big Data
2 32 (4.55%) Hadoop
3 29 (4.12%) BigQuery
4 24 (3.41%) Data Warehouse
5 21 (2.98%) Azure SQL Database
6 20 (2.84%) NoSQL
7 19 (2.70%) Amazon RDS
7 19 (2.70%) SQL Server
8 13 (1.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 13 (1.85%) MySQL
9 12 (1.70%) PostgreSQL
10 11 (1.56%) Apache Hive
11 10 (1.42%) Power BI
12 9 (1.28%) Data Lake
13 8 (1.14%) Amazon Redshift
14 7 (0.99%) Cloud Spanner
15 6 (0.85%) Bigtable
15 6 (0.85%) Relational Database
15 6 (0.85%) Tableau
16 5 (0.71%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 93 (13.21%) Jenkins
2 70 (9.94%) Git (software)
3 33 (4.69%) GitLab
4 31 (4.40%) JIRA
5 14 (1.99%) TeamCity
6 11 (1.56%) Bitbucket
6 11 (1.56%) Visual Studio
7 10 (1.42%) Maven
8 9 (1.28%) Octopus Deploy
9 8 (1.14%) Postman
9 8 (1.14%) ReSharper
9 8 (1.14%) Sonatype Nexus
9 8 (1.14%) Travis CI
10 7 (0.99%) CircleCI
10 7 (0.99%) Gradle
11 6 (0.85%) Selenium
12 5 (0.71%) SonarQube
13 4 (0.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 4 (0.57%) Eclipse
13 4 (0.57%) gulp
General
1 130 (18.47%) Finance
2 85 (12.07%) Social Skills
3 65 (9.23%) Banking
4 28 (3.98%) Public Sector
5 22 (3.13%) Analytical Skills
6 13 (1.85%) Presentation Skills
6 13 (1.85%) Telecoms
7 11 (1.56%) Front Office
7 11 (1.56%) Investment Banking
8 10 (1.42%) Retail
9 8 (1.14%) Documentation Skills
10 5 (0.71%) Influencing Skills
10 5 (0.71%) Manufacturing
11 4 (0.57%) Back Office
11 4 (0.57%) German Language
11 4 (0.57%) Marketing
12 3 (0.43%) Automotive
12 3 (0.43%) Billing
12 3 (0.43%) Financial Institution
12 3 (0.43%) Law
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 48 (6.82%) YAML
2 44 (6.25%) Web Services
3 41 (5.82%) .NET
4 35 (4.97%) JSON
5 34 (4.83%) XML
6 30 (4.26%) Kafka
7 29 (4.12%) REST
8 21 (2.98%) Node.js
9 19 (2.70%) Spine.js
10 15 (2.13%) .NET Framework
11 13 (1.85%) Spring Boot
12 12 (1.70%) Elastic Stack
13 11 (1.56%) .NET Core
13 11 (1.56%) RESTful
13 11 (1.56%) Spring
14 10 (1.42%) SAML
15 8 (1.14%) LAPP Stack
16 7 (0.99%) Swagger
17 6 (0.85%) Ruby on Rails
18 5 (0.71%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 59 (8.38%) Data Centre
2 56 (7.95%) Cloud Native
3 55 (7.81%) Public Cloud
4 19 (2.70%) Derivative
4 19 (2.70%) Management Information System
5 18 (2.56%) Self-Motivation
6 15 (2.13%) Enterprise Cloud
7 10 (1.42%) Hybrid Cloud
8 9 (1.28%) Greenfield Project
9 8 (1.14%) PKI
10 7 (0.99%) Virtual Team
11 6 (0.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 5 (0.71%) Tandem
12 5 (0.71%) Video Conferencing
13 4 (0.57%) Cybercrime
13 4 (0.57%) HP Storage
13 4 (0.57%) iPad
13 4 (0.57%) Linux Command Line
13 4 (0.57%) Private Cloud
13 4 (0.57%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 172 (24.43%) Linux
2 139 (19.74%) Windows
3 37 (5.26%) Windows Server
4 24 (3.41%) Unix
5 11 (1.56%) CentOS
5 11 (1.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (1.28%) Ubuntu
7 7 (0.99%) Windows Server 2016
8 6 (0.85%) Windows 10
8 6 (0.85%) Windows Server 2019
9 5 (0.71%) Windows Server 2008
9 5 (0.71%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (0.43%) VMS
11 1 (0.14%) Alpine Linux
11 1 (0.14%) Debian
11 1 (0.14%) Windows 2000
11 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 311 (44.18%) DevOps
2 176 (25.00%) Infrastructure as Code
3 160 (22.73%) Agile Software Development
4 97 (13.78%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 91 (12.93%) Migration
6 65 (9.23%) Configuration Management
7 57 (8.10%) Microservices
8 56 (7.95%) Software Engineering
9 53 (7.53%) Scrum
10 49 (6.96%) Continuous Integration
11 45 (6.39%) Cybersecurity
12 44 (6.25%) Problem-Solving
12 44 (6.25%) Project Delivery
13 42 (5.97%) ITIL
14 39 (5.54%) Test Automation
15 38 (5.40%) Open Source
16 34 (4.83%) Analytics
17 33 (4.69%) Security Architecture
18 29 (4.12%) Change Management
18 29 (4.12%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 198 (28.13%) Python
2 119 (16.90%) PowerShell
3 96 (13.64%) Java
4 85 (12.07%) SQL
5 62 (8.81%) Bash Shell
6 31 (4.40%) Go
7 27 (3.84%) JavaScript
8 20 (2.84%) Scala
9 17 (2.41%) C#
10 16 (2.27%) Perl
10 16 (2.27%) PHP
11 12 (1.70%) Ruby
12 11 (1.56%) Shell Script
13 10 (1.42%) C++
14 9 (1.28%) Groovy
15 6 (0.85%) C
15 6 (0.85%) R
16 4 (0.57%) TypeScript
16 4 (0.57%) VBScript
17 3 (0.43%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 58 (8.24%) Security Cleared
2 51 (7.24%) SC Cleared
3 23 (3.27%) Degree
4 18 (2.56%) AWS Certification
5 12 (1.70%) Computer Science Degree
6 7 (0.99%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.85%) Microsoft Certification
8 4 (0.57%) CISSP
9 3 (0.43%) Cisco Certification
9 3 (0.43%) CISM
9 3 (0.43%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.43%) MCSE
10 2 (0.28%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 2 (0.28%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.28%) MCSA
11 1 (0.14%) CCIE
11 1 (0.14%) Citrix Certification
11 1 (0.14%) ITIL Certification
11 1 (0.14%) MCITP
11 1 (0.14%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (2.70%) OASIS TOSCA
2 12 (1.70%) QA
3 10 (1.42%) NIST
4 9 (1.28%) SLA
5 8 (1.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (0.71%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.43%) GDPR
8 2 (0.28%) FedRAMP
8 2 (0.28%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.14%) COBIT
9 1 (0.14%) PMO
9 1 (0.14%) PSD2
9 1 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 147 (20.88%) Docker
2 92 (13.07%) Active Directory
3 46 (6.53%) VMware Infrastructure
4 33 (4.69%) VMware ESXi
5 22 (3.13%) Hyper-V
6 21 (2.98%) LXC
7 19 (2.70%) KVM
8 12 (1.70%) VMware NSX
9 11 (1.56%) Virtual Machines
10 7 (0.99%) HDFS
11 4 (0.57%) Terminal Services
11 4 (0.57%) VMware Server
11 4 (0.57%) vSphere
12 3 (0.43%) Virtual Desktop
13 2 (0.28%) Kamailio
13 2 (0.28%) NFS
13 2 (0.28%) vCloud
14 1 (0.14%) Firmware
14 1 (0.14%) Squid
14 1 (0.14%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 290 (41.19%) Terraform
2 193 (27.41%) Kubernetes
3 167 (23.72%) Ansible
4 53 (7.53%) Puppet
5 49 (6.96%) Opscode Chef
6 32 (4.55%) Prometheus
7 26 (3.69%) Grafana
8 19 (2.70%) Cloudify
8 19 (2.70%) Docker Swarm
8 19 (2.70%) Juju
9 18 (2.56%) SCCM
10 14 (1.99%) Istio
11 12 (1.70%) Packer
12 11 (1.56%) Microsoft Intune
12 11 (1.56%) Single Sign-On
13 9 (1.28%) vRealize
14 7 (0.99%) StackStorm
14 7 (0.99%) vCenter Server
14 7 (0.99%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 6 (0.85%) Network Intrusion Detection System
Vendors
1 115 (16.34%) Microsoft
2 112 (15.91%) Google
3 74 (10.51%) VMware
4 45 (6.39%) Cisco
5 36 (5.11%) Red Hat
6 24 (3.41%) Juniper
7 23 (3.27%) Cloudera
8 19 (2.70%) Ericsson
8 19 (2.70%) Mirantis
8 19 (2.70%) Oracle
8 19 (2.70%) Splunk
9 14 (1.99%) Dell
10 13 (1.85%) Hortonworks
11 11 (1.56%) Citrix
11 11 (1.56%) SAP
12 10 (1.42%) Databricks
13 8 (1.14%) Fortinet
13 8 (1.14%) IBM
14 7 (0.99%) HP
14 7 (0.99%) Micro Focus