Period
to 28 January 2022

The median contractor rate for a Cloud Engineer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Engineer
UK
6 months to
28 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 222 216 298
Rank change year-on-year -6 +82 +52
Contract jobs requiring a Cloud Engineer 1,125 527 616
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.28% 1.24% 0.85%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.37% 1.34% 0.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 665 335 420
10th Percentile £413 £375 £400
25th Percentile £475 £425 £462
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £550
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -9.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £670
90th Percentile £700 £638 £775
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £465 £500
% change year-on-year +12.90% -7.00% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 5
10th Percentile - - £53.05
25th Percentile - - £77.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £80.00
Median % change year-on-year -12.50% -50.00% +137.04%
75th Percentile - - £82.50
90th Percentile - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £80.00
% change year-on-year - - +540.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 81,958 39,436 67,641
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.35% 92.52% 93.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,512 27,011 45,226
10th Percentile £305 £258 £238
25th Percentile £413 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £473 £450
Median % change year-on-year +10.05% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £625 £575 £563
90th Percentile £700 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,016 1,447 2,500
10th Percentile £12.25 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £14.38 £14.25 £14.00
Median hourly rate £21.05 £23.47 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year -10.31% +30.39% +2.86%
75th Percentile £46.88 £45.25 £38.00
90th Percentile £62.15 £58.71 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.12 £19.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year -7.10% +11.43% -

Cloud Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Cloud Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Engineer.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Engineer over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Engineer.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 28 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -7 853 £550 +10.00% 282
London +10 534 £583 +15.35% 126
Work from Home -45 337 £550 +4.76% 71
UK excluding London -34 312 £525 +12.90% 178
North of England -35 85 £525 +5.00% 48
South East -70 55 £620 +33.33% 47
East of England -13 52 £425 +3.03% 22
Yorkshire -3 49 £525 +16.67% 13
South West -30 33 £575 +31.43% 13
Midlands -54 33 £500 +37.93% 21
North West -53 32 £500 -4.76% 27
Wales -9 30 £550 +8.16% 9
Scotland -48 27 £537 +13.11% 18
West Midlands -53 18 £550 +69.23% 15
East Midlands -19 14 £500 +21.14% 4
North East +1 4 £550 -8.33% 8

Cloud Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 28 January 2022, Cloud Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Cloud Engineer in the job title.

1 625 (55.56%) Azure
2 597 (53.07%) AWS
3 520 (46.22%) DevOps
4 466 (41.42%) Terraform
5 405 (36.00%) Python
6 377 (33.51%) CI/CD
7 345 (30.67%) Infrastructure as Code
8 322 (28.62%) Kubernetes
9 300 (26.67%) Agile Software Development
10 277 (24.62%) GCP
11 223 (19.82%) PowerShell
12 218 (19.38%) Linux
13 216 (19.20%) Jenkins
14 214 (19.02%) Finance
15 198 (17.60%) Microsoft
16 197 (17.51%) Docker
17 187 (16.62%) Windows
18 182 (16.18%) AWS CloudFormation
19 174 (15.47%) Google
20 163 (14.49%) Migration
21 161 (14.31%) Bash
22 159 (14.13%) Social Skills
23 142 (12.62%) Ansible
24 139 (12.36%) PaaS
25 137 (12.18%) IaaS
26 135 (12.00%) Public Cloud
27 133 (11.82%) Active Directory
28 126 (11.20%) Serverless
29 124 (11.02%) SQL
30 113 (10.04%) Git (software)

Cloud Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 62 (5.51%) Apache Spark
2 30 (2.67%) SharePoint
3 29 (2.58%) Confluence
4 19 (1.69%) Skype for Business
5 15 (1.33%) WebLogic
6 14 (1.24%) Apache
6 14 (1.24%) OpenStack
6 14 (1.24%) Tomcat
7 11 (0.98%) Elasticsearch
7 11 (0.98%) WebSphere
8 10 (0.89%) JBoss
9 8 (0.71%) nginx
9 8 (0.71%) NServiceBus
10 7 (0.62%) Exchange Server 2013
10 7 (0.62%) MS Exchange
11 3 (0.27%) Apache Airflow
11 3 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 2 (0.18%) IIS
13 1 (0.089%) NetWeaver
13 1 (0.089%) WordPress
Applications
1 6 (0.53%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.089%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 8 (0.71%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.27%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.089%) JDE OneWorld
3 1 (0.089%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
3 1 (0.089%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.089%) SAP GRC
Cloud Services
1 625 (55.56%) Azure
2 597 (53.07%) AWS
3 277 (24.62%) GCP
4 182 (16.18%) AWS CloudFormation
5 139 (12.36%) PaaS
6 137 (12.18%) IaaS
7 126 (11.20%) Serverless
8 100 (8.89%) GitHub
9 84 (7.47%) AWS Lambda
10 77 (6.84%) Microsoft 365
11 75 (6.67%) Azure Active Directory
12 58 (5.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 54 (4.80%) Amazon S3
14 49 (4.36%) SaaS
15 48 (4.27%) Amazon ECS
16 44 (3.91%) OpenShift
17 43 (3.82%) Amazon EC2
18 37 (3.29%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 35 (3.11%) Azure Data Factory
20 33 (2.93%) AWS CodePipeline
Communications & Networking
1 85 (7.56%) Firewall
2 68 (6.04%) DNS
3 51 (4.53%) Network Security
4 48 (4.27%) VPN
5 33 (2.93%) DHCP
6 21 (1.87%) Skype
7 17 (1.51%) Internet
8 16 (1.42%) WAN
9 14 (1.24%) MPLS
10 13 (1.16%) SSL
11 12 (1.07%) BGP
11 12 (1.07%) TCP/IP
12 10 (0.89%) Software-Defined Networking
13 8 (0.71%) Remote Desktop
14 7 (0.62%) HTTP
14 7 (0.62%) OpenLDAP
14 7 (0.62%) OSPF
14 7 (0.62%) Reverse Proxy
14 7 (0.62%) SAN
15 6 (0.53%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 71 (6.31%) Big Data
2 50 (4.44%) Data Lake
3 48 (4.27%) SQL Server
4 45 (4.00%) Hadoop
5 37 (3.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 35 (3.11%) NoSQL
7 34 (3.02%) MongoDB
8 28 (2.49%) Amazon Redshift
8 28 (2.49%) Data Warehouse
9 23 (2.04%) PostgreSQL
9 23 (2.04%) Relational Database
10 21 (1.87%) Metadata
11 20 (1.78%) Amazon Athena
11 20 (1.78%) BigQuery
12 19 (1.69%) Azure SQL Database
13 18 (1.60%) Amazon RDS
14 15 (1.33%) MySQL
15 12 (1.07%) RDBMS
16 11 (0.98%) Tableau
17 10 (0.89%) HBase
Development Applications
1 216 (19.20%) Jenkins
2 113 (10.04%) Git (software)
3 57 (5.07%) GitLab
4 53 (4.71%) JIRA
5 50 (4.44%) TeamCity
6 41 (3.64%) Maven
7 37 (3.29%) Gradle
8 26 (2.31%) Bitbucket
9 25 (2.22%) Spinnaker
10 16 (1.42%) Sonatype Nexus
11 15 (1.33%) Artifactory
12 13 (1.16%) Visual Studio
13 10 (0.89%) CircleCI
14 9 (0.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 9 (0.80%) SonarQube
15 8 (0.71%) Cucumber
15 8 (0.71%) Octopus Deploy
16 5 (0.44%) JMeter
16 5 (0.44%) Subversion
17 4 (0.36%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 214 (19.02%) Finance
2 159 (14.13%) Social Skills
3 67 (5.96%) Banking
4 48 (4.27%) Analytical Skills
5 44 (3.91%) Public Sector
6 40 (3.56%) Financial Institution
7 34 (3.02%) Law
8 31 (2.76%) Legal
9 28 (2.49%) Retail
10 25 (2.22%) Investment Banking
11 19 (1.69%) Documentation Skills
12 16 (1.42%) Telecoms
13 13 (1.16%) Billing
14 12 (1.07%) Presentation Skills
15 8 (0.71%) Marketing
16 6 (0.53%) Retail Banking
17 5 (0.44%) Electronics
17 5 (0.44%) Local Government
18 3 (0.27%) Inclusion and Diversity
18 3 (0.27%) Manufacturing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 87 (7.73%) Kafka
2 47 (4.18%) ARM Templates
3 37 (3.29%) .NET
4 35 (3.11%) JSON
5 29 (2.58%) Spark Streaming
6 27 (2.40%) YAML
7 25 (2.22%) PySpark
8 24 (2.13%) Node.js
9 23 (2.04%) Web Services
10 21 (1.87%) Elastic Stack
11 16 (1.42%) REST
11 16 (1.42%) Spring
12 15 (1.33%) OAuth
13 13 (1.16%) RabbitMQ
13 13 (1.16%) React
13 13 (1.16%) RESTful
14 12 (1.07%) SAML
15 11 (0.98%) OAuth2
16 9 (0.80%) LDAP
17 8 (0.71%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 135 (12.00%) Public Cloud
2 104 (9.24%) Cloud Native
3 63 (5.60%) Hybrid Cloud
4 32 (2.84%) Hedge funds
5 26 (2.31%) Greenfield Project
5 26 (2.31%) Replication
6 23 (2.04%) Data Centre
7 21 (1.87%) Data Structures
8 20 (1.78%) Self-Motivation
9 17 (1.51%) iPad
10 16 (1.42%) PKI
10 16 (1.42%) Private Cloud
11 14 (1.24%) Data Protection Act
12 12 (1.07%) Legacy Applications
13 10 (0.89%) Cyber Kill Chain
14 9 (0.80%) Blog
14 9 (0.80%) Linux Command Line
15 7 (0.62%) Enterprise Cloud
15 7 (0.62%) Video on Demand
15 7 (0.62%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 218 (19.38%) Linux
2 187 (16.62%) Windows
3 68 (6.04%) Windows Server
4 44 (3.91%) Unix
5 29 (2.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 28 (2.49%) Windows Server 2012
7 20 (1.78%) Windows Server 2016
8 18 (1.60%) Windows Server 2019
9 14 (1.24%) CentOS
9 14 (1.24%) Ubuntu
10 11 (0.98%) Windows Server 2008
11 10 (0.89%) Debian
12 9 (0.80%) Amazon Linux
12 9 (0.80%) Oracle Linux
13 8 (0.71%) Windows 10
14 4 (0.36%) VMS
15 3 (0.27%) Mac OS
16 2 (0.18%) Android
16 2 (0.18%) Apple iOS
16 2 (0.18%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 520 (46.22%) DevOps
2 377 (33.51%) CI/CD
3 345 (30.67%) Infrastructure as Code
4 300 (26.67%) Agile Software Development
5 163 (14.49%) Migration
6 100 (8.89%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 90 (8.00%) Microservices
8 85 (7.56%) Analytics
9 78 (6.93%) Scrum
10 71 (6.31%) Data Pipeline
11 68 (6.04%) Continuous Integration
12 67 (5.96%) Machine Learning
12 67 (5.96%) Problem-Solving
13 62 (5.51%) Continuous Delivery
13 62 (5.51%) Project Delivery
14 57 (5.07%) Task Automation
15 55 (4.89%) Configuration Management
15 55 (4.89%) Cybersecurity
15 55 (4.89%) ITIL
16 54 (4.80%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 405 (36.00%) Python
2 223 (19.82%) PowerShell
3 161 (14.31%) Bash
4 124 (11.02%) SQL
5 111 (9.87%) Java
6 50 (4.44%) JavaScript
7 40 (3.56%) C#
8 37 (3.29%) Ruby
9 31 (2.76%) Scala
10 18 (1.60%) Groovy
11 16 (1.42%) Go
12 12 (1.07%) PL/SQL
13 11 (0.98%) C
13 11 (0.98%) Perl
14 10 (0.89%) C++
15 9 (0.80%) Shell Script
15 9 (0.80%) TypeScript
16 8 (0.71%) T-SQL
17 6 (0.53%) Bicep
18 4 (0.36%) PHP
Qualifications
1 102 (9.07%) Security Cleared
2 95 (8.44%) SC Cleared
3 62 (5.51%) AWS Certification
4 32 (2.84%) CISSP
5 28 (2.49%) Microsoft Certification
6 27 (2.40%) Degree
7 24 (2.13%) Cisco Certification
8 23 (2.04%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 15 (1.33%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 11 (0.98%) DV Cleared
11 10 (0.89%) MCSE
12 9 (0.80%) CCNP
12 9 (0.80%) CCSP
13 8 (0.71%) BPSS Clearance
13 8 (0.71%) GIAC
14 5 (0.44%) RHCE
15 3 (0.27%) CISM
15 3 (0.27%) Computer Science Degree
15 3 (0.27%) DBS Check
16 2 (0.18%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (4.44%) SLA
2 44 (3.91%) GDPR
3 39 (3.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 13 (1.16%) QA
5 9 (0.80%) NIST
6 7 (0.62%) NCSC
7 6 (0.53%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 5 (0.44%) COBIT
8 5 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 4 (0.36%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.27%) SOC 2
11 2 (0.18%) Data Quality
11 2 (0.18%) PMO
12 1 (0.089%) Accessibility
12 1 (0.089%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.089%) GRC
12 1 (0.089%) SOC 1
System Software
1 197 (17.51%) Docker
2 133 (11.82%) Active Directory
3 63 (5.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 49 (4.36%) Virtual Machines
5 28 (2.49%) Hyper-V
6 19 (1.69%) vSphere
7 10 (0.89%) Virtual Desktop
8 7 (0.62%) KVM
8 7 (0.62%) VMware ESXi
8 7 (0.62%) VMware NSX
9 5 (0.44%) HDFS
10 4 (0.36%) vCloud
10 4 (0.36%) Xen
11 2 (0.18%) Ceph
12 1 (0.089%) BitLocker
12 1 (0.089%) pfSense
12 1 (0.089%) Slurm Workload Manager
12 1 (0.089%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.089%) VirtualBox
12 1 (0.089%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 466 (41.42%) Terraform
2 322 (28.62%) Kubernetes
3 142 (12.62%) Ansible
4 46 (4.09%) Opscode Chef
5 34 (3.02%) Microsoft Intune
6 33 (2.93%) Puppet
7 32 (2.84%) SCCM
8 25 (2.22%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 23 (2.04%) Istio
10 18 (1.60%) Prometheus
11 13 (1.16%) SCVMM
12 12 (1.07%) Single Sign-On
13 11 (0.98%) Docker Swarm
13 11 (0.98%) HAProxy
13 11 (0.98%) Packer
13 11 (0.98%) vRealize
14 10 (0.89%) Nagios
15 9 (0.80%) vCenter Server
16 7 (0.62%) Kibana
17 6 (0.53%) Grafana
Vendors
1 198 (17.60%) Microsoft
2 174 (15.47%) Google
3 99 (8.80%) VMware
4 43 (3.82%) Databricks
5 30 (2.67%) Oracle
6 28 (2.49%) Red Hat
7 26 (2.31%) Splunk
8 21 (1.87%) Cisco
9 20 (1.78%) Cloudera
10 18 (1.60%) Citrix
11 15 (1.33%) Palo Alto
12 14 (1.24%) CloudEndure
13 13 (1.16%) Dell
13 13 (1.16%) F5
14 12 (1.07%) Dynatrace
15 11 (0.98%) Fortinet
15 11 (0.98%) New Relic
15 11 (0.98%) Okta
16 10 (0.89%) SolarWinds
17 8 (0.71%) Atlassian