Period
to 27 February 2021

The median contractor rate for a Cloud Engineer was £500 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 27 February 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Engineer
UK
6 months to
27 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 210 287 319
Rank change year-on-year +77 +32 +41
Contract jobs requiring a Cloud Engineer 596 583 799
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.26% 0.86% 0.81%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.36% 0.92% 0.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 514 406 554
Median daily rate £500 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -9.09% +4.76% -2.55%
10th Percentile £365 £406 £403
90th Percentile £650 £758 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -10.00% +5.26% -5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 4 3
Median hourly rate - £80.00 £55.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +45.45% +100.00%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £80.00 £12.50
% change year-on-year - +540.00% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 43,912 63,666 93,825
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.69% 93.93% 94.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,807 42,506 63,222
Median daily rate £475 £450 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% -2.17% +2.22%
10th Percentile £263 £233 £269
90th Percentile £650 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,596 2,327 2,816
Median hourly rate £22.50 £18.50 £17.95
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.62% +3.06% -0.28%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.26 £11.00
90th Percentile £58.75 £51.25 £48.75
Median hourly rate £18.95 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +8.29% - -

Cloud Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Cloud Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Engineer.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Engineer over the 6 months to 27 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Engineer.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Engineer in the UK

Cloud Engineer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 27 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +78 465 £500 -13.04% 234
London +7 248 £525 -12.50% 80
UK excluding London +143 218 £450 -10.00% 168
Work from Home -33 201 £500 -16.67% 54
South East +126 69 £465 -15.45% 43
North of England +76 62 £450 -8.54% 51
North West +54 42 £450 -9.27% 25
Midlands +41 24 £376 -16.56% 31
Scotland +13 20 £475 - 9
Yorkshire +45 18 £450 -8.86% 13
East of England +62 16 £425 -15.00% 15
West Midlands +35 16 £325 -27.78% 20
South West +77 15 £450 -21.74% 13
Wales +18 13 £517 -1.52% 2
East Midlands +20 7 £419 -6.94% 11
North East +26 2 £450 +38.46% 14

Cloud Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 27 February 2021, Cloud Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Cloud Engineer in the job title.

1 305 (51.17%) AWS
2 265 (44.46%) Azure
3 259 (43.46%) DevOps
4 213 (35.74%) Terraform
5 184 (30.87%) Python
6 180 (30.20%) Kubernetes
7 148 (24.83%) GCP
8 144 (24.16%) Agile Software Development
9 143 (23.99%) Linux
10 130 (21.81%) Infrastructure as Code
11 126 (21.14%) Ansible
12 124 (20.81%) Docker
13 111 (18.62%) Finance
14 109 (18.29%) Windows
15 107 (17.95%) Microsoft
16 93 (15.60%) Google
17 81 (13.59%) VMware
18 80 (13.42%) Active Directory
19 78 (13.09%) Java
19 78 (13.09%) SQL
20 76 (12.75%) Jenkins
21 75 (12.58%) Security Cleared
21 75 (12.58%) Infrastructure Engineering
22 73 (12.25%) Firewall
23 67 (11.24%) PowerShell
24 66 (11.07%) Migration
25 63 (10.57%) Serverless
26 61 (10.23%) Microservices
26 61 (10.23%) Configuration Management
26 61 (10.23%) Git (software)

Cloud Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (3.52%) Apache Spark
2 18 (3.02%) Confluence
3 17 (2.85%) OpenStack
4 13 (2.18%) Cloud Foundry
5 8 (1.34%) Apache
6 7 (1.17%) Apache Airflow
6 7 (1.17%) MS Exchange
6 7 (1.17%) SharePoint
7 5 (0.84%) Elasticsearch
7 5 (0.84%) IBM Domino
7 5 (0.84%) Jupyter
7 5 (0.84%) Skype for Business
8 4 (0.67%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.34%) JBoss
9 2 (0.34%) Predix
9 2 (0.34%) ThingWorx
10 1 (0.17%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.17%) IIS
10 1 (0.17%) SAS
10 1 (0.17%) WebSphere
Applications
1 17 (2.85%) MS Visio
2 15 (2.52%) Microsoft Office
3 12 (2.01%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.34%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 4 (0.67%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.17%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 305 (51.17%) AWS
2 265 (44.46%) Azure
3 148 (24.83%) GCP
4 63 (10.57%) Serverless
5 60 (10.07%) PaaS
6 53 (8.89%) IaaS
7 51 (8.56%) AWS Lambda
8 49 (8.22%) AWS CloudFormation
9 44 (7.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 39 (6.54%) Microsoft 365
11 36 (6.04%) Amazon EC2
11 36 (6.04%) GitHub
12 31 (5.20%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 26 (4.36%) Amazon S3
13 26 (4.36%) OpenShift
14 25 (4.19%) Cloud Computing
15 24 (4.03%) Amazon ECS
16 22 (3.69%) Amazon EKS
16 22 (3.69%) SaaS
17 21 (3.52%) Amazon GuardDuty
Communications & Networking
1 73 (12.25%) Firewall
2 53 (8.89%) DNS
3 37 (6.21%) Network Security
4 18 (3.02%) DHCP
4 18 (3.02%) VPN
4 18 (3.02%) VSAN
5 14 (2.35%) SAN
6 13 (2.18%) Internet
7 11 (1.85%) Cisco Nexus
8 10 (1.68%) SGSN
8 10 (1.68%) VLAN
9 9 (1.51%) 3GPP
9 9 (1.51%) HTTP
9 9 (1.51%) Software-Defined Networking
10 8 (1.34%) SMTP
11 7 (1.17%) SSL
11 7 (1.17%) WAN
11 7 (1.17%) X.509
12 6 (1.01%) Intranet
12 6 (1.01%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (7.38%) Big Data
2 31 (5.20%) BigQuery
3 29 (4.87%) Hadoop
4 27 (4.53%) Amazon RDS
5 23 (3.86%) NoSQL
6 22 (3.69%) Data Warehouse
7 21 (3.52%) SQL Server
8 19 (3.19%) Azure SQL Database
9 15 (2.52%) Cosmos DB
10 14 (2.35%) Apache Hive
11 13 (2.18%) Relational Database
12 12 (2.01%) Cloud Spanner
13 10 (1.68%) MySQL
13 10 (1.68%) Power BI
14 9 (1.51%) Data Lake
14 9 (1.51%) PostgreSQL
14 9 (1.51%) RDBMS
15 8 (1.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 8 (1.34%) Bigtable
16 7 (1.17%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 76 (12.75%) Jenkins
2 61 (10.23%) Git (software)
3 46 (7.72%) GitLab
4 23 (3.86%) JIRA
5 11 (1.85%) Maven
5 11 (1.85%) Visual Studio Team System
6 10 (1.68%) Sonatype Nexus
7 9 (1.51%) SonarQube
8 8 (1.34%) ReSharper
9 7 (1.17%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 7 (1.17%) Bitbucket
9 7 (1.17%) CircleCI
9 7 (1.17%) Visual Studio
10 6 (1.01%) Selenium
10 6 (1.01%) Spinnaker
10 6 (1.01%) Travis CI
11 5 (0.84%) Cucumber
11 5 (0.84%) Terragrunt
12 4 (0.67%) MLflow
12 4 (0.67%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 111 (18.62%) Finance
2 58 (9.73%) Banking
3 23 (3.86%) Public Sector
4 14 (2.35%) Retail
5 11 (1.85%) Front Office
6 8 (1.34%) Marketing
6 8 (1.34%) Telecoms
7 6 (1.01%) Manufacturing
8 5 (0.84%) Games
9 4 (0.67%) Back Office
9 4 (0.67%) Billing
9 4 (0.67%) German Language
9 4 (0.67%) Investment Banking
10 3 (0.50%) Automotive
10 3 (0.50%) Law
11 2 (0.34%) Advertising
11 2 (0.34%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.34%) Publishing
12 1 (0.17%) Electronics
12 1 (0.17%) Swedish Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (6.71%) Web Services
2 27 (4.53%) .NET
3 26 (4.36%) Kafka
3 26 (4.36%) REST
4 24 (4.03%) Elastic Stack
5 21 (3.52%) Node.js
6 20 (3.36%) JSON
6 20 (3.36%) Spring Boot
7 19 (3.19%) Spring
8 18 (3.02%) RESTful
8 18 (3.02%) YAML
9 15 (2.52%) Swagger
10 14 (2.35%) XML
11 9 (1.51%) .NET Framework
11 9 (1.51%) Middleware
11 9 (1.51%) Spine.js
12 7 (1.17%) Django
12 7 (1.17%) Flask
12 7 (1.17%) SAML
13 6 (1.01%) MDX
Miscellaneous
1 55 (9.23%) Cloud Native
2 40 (6.71%) Public Cloud
3 39 (6.54%) Data Centre
4 29 (4.87%) Greenfield Project
5 20 (3.36%) Analytical Skills
6 18 (3.02%) Linux Command Line
7 15 (2.52%) Hybrid Cloud
8 13 (2.18%) Enterprise Cloud
8 13 (2.18%) Private Cloud
9 12 (2.01%) Mobile App
10 9 (1.51%) Derivative
10 9 (1.51%) Management Information System
10 9 (1.51%) Virtual Team
11 8 (1.34%) iPad
12 6 (1.01%) EPoS
12 6 (1.01%) FMCG
12 6 (1.01%) PKI
13 5 (0.84%) Enterprise Software
13 5 (0.84%) Fixed Income
13 5 (0.84%) Industry 4.0
Operating Systems
1 143 (23.99%) Linux
2 109 (18.29%) Windows
3 32 (5.37%) Windows Server
4 27 (4.53%) Unix
5 14 (2.35%) Windows 10
6 10 (1.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (1.51%) Ubuntu
8 8 (1.34%) CentOS
9 6 (1.01%) Windows Server 2016
10 4 (0.67%) VMS
10 4 (0.67%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.17%) Windows 2000
11 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2003
11 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 259 (43.46%) DevOps
2 144 (24.16%) Agile Software Development
3 130 (21.81%) Infrastructure as Code
4 75 (12.58%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 66 (11.07%) Migration
6 61 (10.23%) Configuration Management
6 61 (10.23%) Microservices
7 60 (10.07%) Software Engineering
8 56 (9.40%) Test Automation
9 43 (7.21%) Continuous Integration
10 38 (6.38%) Problem-Solving
11 37 (6.21%) Project Delivery
12 34 (5.70%) Scrum
13 32 (5.37%) Cybersecurity
14 28 (4.70%) Converged Infrastructure
15 27 (4.53%) Continuous Delivery
16 26 (4.36%) Analytics
16 26 (4.36%) Data Science
16 26 (4.36%) ETL
16 26 (4.36%) SIEM
Programming Languages
1 184 (30.87%) Python
2 78 (13.09%) Java
2 78 (13.09%) SQL
3 67 (11.24%) PowerShell
4 55 (9.23%) Bash Shell
5 30 (5.03%) Go
6 22 (3.69%) JavaScript
7 18 (3.02%) Ruby
8 15 (2.52%) C#
8 15 (2.52%) Scala
9 10 (1.68%) Groovy
10 9 (1.51%) R
11 7 (1.17%) C++
11 7 (1.17%) Java 8
12 6 (1.01%) Kotlin
12 6 (1.01%) PHP
12 6 (1.01%) Shell Script
13 5 (0.84%) Perl
14 4 (0.67%) TypeScript
15 3 (0.50%) C
Qualifications
1 75 (12.58%) Security Cleared
2 60 (10.07%) SC Cleared
3 22 (3.69%) DV Cleared
4 16 (2.68%) Degree
5 8 (1.34%) AWS Certification
5 8 (1.34%) Microsoft Certification
6 6 (1.01%) Computer Science Degree
7 5 (0.84%) DBS Check
8 4 (0.67%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 3 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (0.50%) MCSE
10 2 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.34%) MCSA
11 1 (0.17%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 1 (0.17%) CCNA
11 1 (0.17%) Citrix Certification
11 1 (0.17%) ITIL Certification
11 1 (0.17%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (3.02%) SLA
2 10 (1.68%) NIST
3 9 (1.51%) OASIS TOSCA
3 9 (1.51%) QA
4 7 (1.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.50%) GDPR
5 3 (0.50%) HIPAA
6 2 (0.34%) FedRAMP
7 1 (0.17%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.17%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 124 (20.81%) Docker
2 80 (13.42%) Active Directory
3 50 (8.39%) VMware Infrastructure
4 33 (5.54%) VMware ESXi
4 33 (5.54%) VMware NSX
5 16 (2.68%) Virtual Machines
6 14 (2.35%) Hyper-V
6 14 (2.35%) vSphere
7 11 (1.85%) LXC
8 10 (1.68%) KVM
9 9 (1.51%) NFS
10 8 (1.34%) HDFS
11 7 (1.17%) VMFS
12 5 (0.84%) vCloud
13 2 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 2 (0.34%) Terminal Services
13 2 (0.34%) Virtual Desktop
14 1 (0.17%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
14 1 (0.17%) Firmware
14 1 (0.17%) oVirt
Systems Management
1 213 (35.74%) Terraform
2 180 (30.20%) Kubernetes
3 126 (21.14%) Ansible
4 48 (8.05%) Opscode Chef
5 43 (7.21%) Puppet
6 34 (5.70%) Prometheus
7 27 (4.53%) vRealize
8 26 (4.36%) Grafana
9 17 (2.85%) vCenter Server
10 14 (2.35%) Packer
11 13 (2.18%) SCCM
12 11 (1.85%) Istio
13 9 (1.51%) Cloudify
13 9 (1.51%) Docker Swarm
13 9 (1.51%) Juju
13 9 (1.51%) Microsoft Intune
14 7 (1.17%) Salt
14 7 (1.17%) Single Sign-On
14 7 (1.17%) vMotion
14 7 (1.17%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 107 (17.95%) Microsoft
2 93 (15.60%) Google
3 81 (13.59%) VMware
4 47 (7.89%) Cisco
5 40 (6.71%) Dell
6 25 (4.19%) Red Hat
7 21 (3.52%) Cloudera
8 18 (3.02%) Splunk
9 17 (2.85%) Juniper
10 15 (2.52%) Oracle
11 13 (2.18%) CheckPoint
12 11 (1.85%) Atlassian
12 11 (1.85%) Palo Alto
13 9 (1.51%) Ericsson
13 9 (1.51%) Mirantis
14 8 (1.34%) Fortinet
14 8 (1.34%) IBM
15 7 (1.17%) Hortonworks
15 7 (1.17%) SAP
16 6 (1.01%) Veeam