Period
to

The median contractor rate for a Data Engineer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Engineer
UK > England
6 months to
12 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 127 113 175
Rank change year-on-year -14 +62 0
Contract jobs requiring a Data Engineer 1,504 1,342 484
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.07% 2.27% 1.58%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.22% 2.44% 1.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,087 975 362
10th Percentile £413 £403 £363
25th Percentile £477 £460 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -9.09%
75th Percentile £675 £613 £588
90th Percentile £738 £675 £663
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 11 5
10th Percentile £16.90 £21.00 £20.05
25th Percentile £27.75 £26.00 £21.25
Median hourly rate £50.00 £37.50 £25.00
Median % change year-on-year +33.33% +50.00% +66.67%
75th Percentile £60.00 £40.15 £57.50
90th Percentile £76.15 £46.38 £59.75
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £32.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +56.25% +28.00% +66.67%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 67,621 55,008 28,573
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.03% 93.23% 93.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 48,468 38,260 19,302
10th Percentile £313 £300 £263
25th Percentile £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £575
90th Percentile £750 £695 £675
UK median daily rate £540 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +8.00% +5.26% +2.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,641 1,746 938
10th Percentile £13.25 £11.62 £11.25
25th Percentile £16.25 £13.54 £14.42
Median hourly rate £25.00 £19.52 £20.56
Median % change year-on-year +28.07% -5.07% +8.22%
75th Percentile £54.38 £42.78 £43.75
90th Percentile £68.75 £59.45 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £19.82 £20.50
% change year-on-year +26.17% -3.34% +9.63%

Data Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Data Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Engineer in England

Data Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer in England.

Daily rate trend for Data Engineer in England

Data Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Engineer in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Data Engineer in England

Data Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Data Engineer in England

Data Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Data Engineer in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Data Engineer in England

Data Engineer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Engineer within the England region over the 6 months to 12 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -13 980 £575 +4.55% 131
Midlands +27 113 £525 +10.53% 30
South East -24 109 £525 - 17
West Midlands +19 89 £530 +11.58% 14
North of England -58 85 £528 +11.05% 35
East of England +28 61 £525 +9.56% 11
South West -1 61 £500 -1.48% 12
North West -12 54 £500 +6.10% 17
Yorkshire -58 25 £550 +22.22% 14
East Midlands +13 23 £513 +20.59% 16
North East -22 8 £528 -6.22% 4
Data Engineer
UK

Data Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 12 August 2022, Data Engineer contract jobs required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Data Engineer in the job title.

1 814 (54.12%) Python
2 750 (49.87%) SQL
3 649 (43.15%) Azure
4 466 (30.98%) ETL
5 440 (29.26%) Agile
6 421 (27.99%) Analytics
7 395 (26.26%) AWS
8 380 (25.27%) Data Engineering
9 361 (24.00%) Databricks
10 352 (23.40%) Apache Spark
11 351 (23.34%) Data Warehouse
12 339 (22.54%) Data Pipeline
13 337 (22.41%) DevOps
14 329 (21.88%) Data Modelling
15 316 (21.01%) Java
16 305 (20.28%) CI/CD
17 292 (19.41%) Big Data
18 288 (19.15%) Business Intelligence
19 274 (18.22%) Azure Data Factory
20 271 (18.02%) Data Lake
21 253 (16.82%) Scala
22 251 (16.69%) Finance
23 246 (16.36%) Social Skills
24 242 (16.09%) Kafka
25 212 (14.10%) Power Platform
26 209 (13.90%) Power BI
27 197 (13.10%) Data Science
28 191 (12.70%) GCP
29 189 (12.57%) SQL Server
30 182 (12.10%) Security Cleared

Data Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 352 (23.40%) Apache Spark
2 118 (7.85%) Apache
3 108 (7.18%) Apache Airflow
4 51 (3.39%) Confluence
5 13 (0.86%) Jupyter
6 9 (0.60%) Luigi
7 5 (0.33%) nginx
8 4 (0.27%) SAS
8 4 (0.27%) WebLogic
9 3 (0.20%) Oracle Application Server
9 3 (0.20%) SharePoint
9 3 (0.20%) uWSGI
10 2 (0.13%) Apache Pig
10 2 (0.13%) Exchange Server 2013
10 2 (0.13%) JBoss
10 2 (0.13%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.13%) WebSphere
11 1 (0.066%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 12 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.066%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.066%) InVision
4 1 (0.066%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.066%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 28 (1.86%) assyst
2 1 (0.066%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.066%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.066%) IBM Planning Analytics
2 1 (0.066%) NetSuite
2 1 (0.066%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 1 (0.066%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.066%) SAP HR
2 1 (0.066%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 649 (43.15%) Azure
2 395 (26.26%) AWS
3 274 (18.22%) Azure Data Factory
4 212 (14.10%) Power Platform
5 191 (12.70%) GCP
6 139 (9.24%) Azure DevOps
7 122 (8.11%) Azure Synapse Analytics
8 117 (7.78%) Serverless
9 111 (7.38%) Snowflake
10 105 (6.98%) Amazon S3
11 64 (4.26%) AWS Lambda
12 54 (3.59%) GitHub
13 50 (3.32%) Azure Functions
14 44 (2.93%) Amazon EMR
15 39 (2.59%) AWS Step Functions
16 38 (2.53%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 38 (2.53%) dbt
17 31 (2.06%) Azure AKS
17 31 (2.06%) Azure Monitor
18 30 (1.99%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 17 (1.13%) Internet
2 12 (0.80%) Firewall
3 8 (0.53%) Ethernet
3 8 (0.53%) SSH
3 8 (0.53%) WAN
4 7 (0.47%) LAN
4 7 (0.47%) Multicast
5 6 (0.40%) BGP
5 6 (0.40%) Cisco IOS
5 6 (0.40%) Cisco Nexus
5 6 (0.40%) DMVPN
5 6 (0.40%) IGMP
5 6 (0.40%) MPLS
5 6 (0.40%) NX-OS
5 6 (0.40%) OSPF
5 6 (0.40%) RIP
5 6 (0.40%) SDH
5 6 (0.40%) SD-WAN
5 6 (0.40%) SONET
5 6 (0.40%) VXLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 351 (23.34%) Data Warehouse
2 292 (19.41%) Big Data
3 271 (18.02%) Data Lake
4 209 (13.90%) Power BI
5 189 (12.57%) SQL Server
6 112 (7.45%) Amazon Redshift
7 98 (6.52%) Hadoop
8 96 (6.38%) Tableau
9 95 (6.32%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 81 (5.39%) Azure SQL Database
10 81 (5.39%) Relational Database
11 79 (5.25%) NoSQL
12 64 (4.26%) Metadata
13 63 (4.19%) BigQuery
14 62 (4.12%) Delta Lake
14 62 (4.12%) PostgreSQL
15 53 (3.52%) Pentaho
16 47 (3.13%) Elasticsearch
17 43 (2.86%) MongoDB
18 38 (2.53%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 145 (9.64%) Git (software)
2 93 (6.18%) JIRA
3 68 (4.52%) Jenkins
4 66 (4.39%) GitLab
5 63 (4.19%) Maven
6 48 (3.19%) Gradle
7 37 (2.46%) Bitbucket
8 29 (1.93%) TeamCity
9 24 (1.60%) Sonatype Nexus
9 24 (1.60%) Visual Studio
10 13 (0.86%) CircleCI
11 11 (0.73%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
12 8 (0.53%) MLflow
12 8 (0.53%) Rational DOORS
13 7 (0.47%) Visual Studio Code
14 6 (0.40%) kappa
15 5 (0.33%) Deequ
15 5 (0.33%) ER Studio
15 5 (0.33%) Gerrit
16 4 (0.27%) Eclipse
General
1 251 (16.69%) Finance
2 246 (16.36%) Social Skills
3 104 (6.91%) Banking
4 99 (6.58%) Analytical Skills
5 79 (5.25%) Public Sector
6 50 (3.32%) Investment Banking
7 40 (2.66%) Marketing
8 39 (2.59%) Legal
9 38 (2.53%) Retail
10 36 (2.39%) Financial Institution
11 31 (2.06%) Telecoms
12 22 (1.46%) Publishing
13 21 (1.40%) Pharmaceutical
14 17 (1.13%) Law
15 15 (1.00%) Presentation Skills
16 14 (0.93%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 13 (0.86%) Aerospace
18 12 (0.80%) Manufacturing
19 11 (0.73%) Games
20 10 (0.66%) Front Office
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 242 (16.09%) Kafka
2 148 (9.84%) PySpark
3 47 (3.13%) Pandas
4 37 (2.46%) JSON
5 29 (1.93%) Spark Streaming
6 27 (1.80%) ARM Templates
7 25 (1.66%) NumPy
8 24 (1.60%) Flask
9 23 (1.53%) Spring
10 22 (1.46%) .NET
11 21 (1.40%) Apache NiFi
12 19 (1.26%) FastAPI
13 18 (1.20%) CSS
14 15 (1.00%) pytest
14 15 (1.00%) REST
14 15 (1.00%) XML
15 14 (0.93%) HTML
16 10 (0.66%) Lucene
17 9 (0.60%) Elastic Stack
18 8 (0.53%) D3.js
Miscellaneous
1 60 (3.99%) Data Structures
2 45 (2.99%) Data Protection Act
3 41 (2.73%) Cloud Native
4 35 (2.33%) Algorithms
5 32 (2.13%) Hedge funds
6 31 (2.06%) Self-Motivation
7 30 (1.99%) Public Cloud
8 28 (1.86%) Greenfield Project
9 18 (1.20%) Management Information System
10 16 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
10 16 (1.06%) User Experience
11 15 (1.00%) Data Centre
12 11 (0.73%) Legacy Systems
12 11 (0.73%) Renewable Energy
13 8 (0.53%) Data Fabric
13 8 (0.53%) FMCG
13 8 (0.53%) Virtual Team
14 7 (0.47%) IoT
14 7 (0.47%) NHS
15 6 (0.40%) Fibre Optics
Operating Systems
1 114 (7.58%) Linux
2 72 (4.79%) Unix
3 14 (0.93%) Windows
4 3 (0.20%) Windows Server
5 1 (0.066%) Ubuntu
5 1 (0.066%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 466 (30.98%) ETL
2 440 (29.26%) Agile
3 421 (27.99%) Analytics
4 380 (25.27%) Data Engineering
5 339 (22.54%) Data Pipeline
6 337 (22.41%) DevOps
7 329 (21.88%) Data Modelling
8 305 (20.28%) CI/CD
9 288 (19.15%) Business Intelligence
10 197 (13.10%) Data Science
11 142 (9.44%) Scrum
12 136 (9.04%) Problem-Solving
13 135 (8.98%) Migration
14 132 (8.78%) Machine Learning
15 119 (7.91%) Visualisation
16 118 (7.85%) Software Engineering
17 111 (7.38%) Data Integration
18 99 (6.58%) Data Analysis
19 92 (6.12%) Data Analytics
20 90 (5.98%) Data Ingestion
Programming Languages
1 814 (54.12%) Python
2 750 (49.87%) SQL
3 316 (21.01%) Java
4 253 (16.82%) Scala
5 79 (5.25%) T-SQL
6 51 (3.39%) PowerShell
7 43 (2.86%) C#
8 42 (2.79%) R
9 38 (2.53%) C++
10 37 (2.46%) Bash
11 35 (2.33%) Go
12 34 (2.26%) PL/SQL
13 21 (1.40%) Shell Script
14 18 (1.20%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
15 16 (1.06%) JavaScript
16 15 (1.00%) C
17 6 (0.40%) Kotlin
17 6 (0.40%) Perl
17 6 (0.40%) Ruby
18 4 (0.27%) COBOL
Qualifications
1 182 (12.10%) Security Cleared
2 158 (10.51%) SC Cleared
3 86 (5.72%) Degree
4 50 (3.32%) Computer Science Degree
5 26 (1.73%) DV Cleared
6 19 (1.26%) AWS Certification
7 18 (1.20%) PhD
8 9 (0.60%) Master's Degree
9 8 (0.53%) Cisco Certification
10 6 (0.40%) CCIE
10 6 (0.40%) CCIE Routing and Switching
11 3 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (0.20%) FFIEC
11 3 (0.20%) PMP
12 2 (0.13%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 2 (0.13%) CISSP
12 2 (0.13%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
13 1 (0.066%) CCSP
13 1 (0.066%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 97 (6.45%) Data Quality
2 39 (2.59%) GDPR
3 35 (2.33%) QA
4 22 (1.46%) SLA
5 11 (0.73%) Accessibility
6 10 (0.66%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.40%) IFRS
8 5 (0.33%) IFRS 17
9 3 (0.20%) GLBA
9 3 (0.20%) NIST
10 1 (0.066%) Actionable Recommendations
10 1 (0.066%) COREP
10 1 (0.066%) CRD IV
10 1 (0.066%) FINREP
10 1 (0.066%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.066%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.066%) Solvency II
System Software
1 70 (4.65%) Docker
2 11 (0.73%) Virtual Machines
3 9 (0.60%) Firmware
4 5 (0.33%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.33%) HDFS
5 3 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.13%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.13%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 161 (10.70%) Terraform
2 123 (8.18%) Kubernetes
3 32 (2.13%) Ansible
4 10 (0.66%) Istio
5 8 (0.53%) Packer
6 7 (0.47%) Kibana
7 6 (0.40%) Grafana
7 6 (0.40%) Puppet
8 5 (0.33%) Oozie
8 5 (0.33%) Opscode Chef
9 4 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
9 4 (0.27%) logstash
9 4 (0.27%) Prometheus
10 2 (0.13%) Ambari
10 2 (0.13%) Control-M
11 1 (0.066%) Argo
11 1 (0.066%) ITRS Geneos
11 1 (0.066%) Rancher
11 1 (0.066%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
Vendors
1 361 (24.00%) Databricks
2 178 (11.84%) Microsoft
3 96 (6.38%) Google
4 90 (5.98%) Oracle
5 44 (2.93%) Cloudera
5 44 (2.93%) Talend
6 41 (2.73%) Informatica
7 40 (2.66%) Denodo
8 20 (1.33%) SAP
9 17 (1.13%) Salesforce.com
10 16 (1.06%) AppDynamics
11 13 (0.86%) Alteryx
12 12 (0.80%) Remedy
13 11 (0.73%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
13 11 (0.73%) Teradata
14 10 (0.66%) Adobe
15 9 (0.60%) Netezza
16 8 (0.53%) StreamSets
16 8 (0.53%) VMware
17 7 (0.47%) Confluent