Period
to 27 January 2022

The median contractor rate for a Data Engineer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Engineer
UK > England
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 110 136 186
Rank change year-on-year +26 +50 +92
Contract jobs requiring a Data Engineer 1,675 682 937
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.40% 1.96% 1.44%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.56% 2.12% 1.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,168 498 681
10th Percentile £413 £369 £400
25th Percentile £487 £425 £440
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% -4.55%
75th Percentile £650 £588 £613
90th Percentile £700 £650 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% -2.10%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 10 2
10th Percentile £25.50 £21.25 £31.46
25th Percentile £30.37 £21.91 £31.89
Median hourly rate £34.00 £25.52 £34.73
Median % change year-on-year +33.22% -26.51% +12.93%
75th Percentile £57.81 £63.63 £37.43
90th Percentile £60.78 £67.73 £37.77
UK median hourly rate £34.00 £25.02 £26.50
% change year-on-year +35.88% -5.58% -13.82%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 65,372 32,217 60,989
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.59% 92.52% 93.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 46,422 22,334 41,299
10th Percentile £300 £256 £250
25th Percentile £413 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% +2.70% -0.54%
75th Percentile £625 £575 £573
90th Percentile £719 £651 £650
UK median daily rate £520 £470 £450
% change year-on-year +10.64% +4.44% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,861 1,193 2,204
10th Percentile £12.25 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £14.25 £14.00 £13.93
Median hourly rate £21.00 £22.50 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year -6.67% +25.00% -
75th Percentile £46.67 £45.00 £36.00
90th Percentile £62.15 £57.50 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £21.07 £23.47 £18.00
% change year-on-year -10.25% +30.39% +2.56%

Data Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Data Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Engineer in England

Data Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer in England.

Daily rate trend for Data Engineer in England

Data Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Engineer in England over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Data Engineer in England

Data Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Data Engineer in England

Data Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Data Engineer in England over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Data Engineer in England

Data Engineer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Engineer within the England region over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +11 1,108 £575 +4.55% 215
North of England +6 139 £513 +13.89% 44
South East +27 129 £525 +16.67% 35
Yorkshire +22 73 £500 +11.11% 17
North West -31 56 £528 +17.22% 26
Midlands -31 54 £495 +15.45% 34
West Midlands -22 42 £495 +13.14% 27
South West -23 42 £550 +22.22% 19
East of England -47 29 £480 -7.69% 23
North East -8 10 £550 +25.71% 1
East Midlands -26 9 £488 +21.88% 7
Data Engineer
UK

Data Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, Data Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Data Engineer in the job title.

1 954 (56.96%) Python
2 790 (47.16%) SQL
3 598 (35.70%) Azure
4 539 (32.18%) AWS
5 515 (30.75%) ETL
6 480 (28.66%) Data Engineering
7 458 (27.34%) Apache Spark
8 452 (26.99%) Agile Software Development
9 425 (25.37%) Analytics
10 410 (24.48%) Data Pipeline
11 375 (22.39%) Data Warehouse
12 362 (21.61%) Data Modelling
13 351 (20.96%) Big Data
13 351 (20.96%) Databricks
14 339 (20.24%) Data Lake
15 322 (19.22%) Scala
16 321 (19.16%) Business Intelligence
17 316 (18.87%) CI/CD
18 310 (18.51%) DevOps
19 283 (16.90%) Kafka
20 267 (15.94%) Java
21 259 (15.46%) Finance
22 248 (14.81%) PySpark
23 246 (14.69%) Social Skills
24 242 (14.45%) Data Science
25 241 (14.39%) Azure Data Factory
26 227 (13.55%) Power Platform
27 224 (13.37%) Power BI
28 213 (12.72%) Hadoop
29 195 (11.64%) Security Cleared

Data Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 458 (27.34%) Apache Spark
2 166 (9.91%) Apache Airflow
3 153 (9.13%) Apache
4 62 (3.70%) Confluence
5 34 (2.03%) Elasticsearch
6 23 (1.37%) Luigi
7 22 (1.31%) Jupyter
8 18 (1.07%) SAS
9 11 (0.66%) Ethereum
9 11 (0.66%) SharePoint
10 7 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
11 6 (0.36%) Apache Pig
12 5 (0.30%) Tomcat
13 2 (0.12%) Apache Pulsar
13 2 (0.12%) Apache Synapse
13 2 (0.12%) Hyperledger
14 1 (0.060%) ArcGIS
14 1 (0.060%) nginx
14 1 (0.060%) OpenStack
Applications
1 21 (1.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.54%) SPSS
3 6 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 6 (0.36%) Stata
4 4 (0.24%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (0.24%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 3 (0.18%) Eikon
2 3 (0.18%) Endur
2 3 (0.18%) RMDS
3 2 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.12%) PeopleSoft HCM
3 2 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.060%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.060%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.060%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.060%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.060%) SAP HR
Cloud Services
1 598 (35.70%) Azure
2 539 (32.18%) AWS
3 241 (14.39%) Azure Data Factory
4 227 (13.55%) Power Platform
5 193 (11.52%) GCP
6 166 (9.91%) Amazon S3
7 147 (8.78%) Serverless
8 114 (6.81%) Snowflake
9 109 (6.51%) Azure Synapse Analytics
10 80 (4.78%) Amazon EMR
11 76 (4.54%) AWS Lambda
12 70 (4.18%) GitHub
13 66 (3.94%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 57 (3.40%) Azure Functions
15 48 (2.87%) dbt
16 33 (1.97%) Amazon Kinesis
16 33 (1.97%) AWS Step Functions
17 25 (1.49%) Azure Storage
17 25 (1.49%) PaaS
18 24 (1.43%) Matillion
Communications & Networking
1 18 (1.07%) Network Security
2 15 (0.90%) WAN
3 11 (0.66%) Kerberos
4 8 (0.48%) FTP
5 6 (0.36%) TCP/IP
6 5 (0.30%) Internet
6 5 (0.30%) IPFS
7 4 (0.24%) Cisco IPT
8 3 (0.18%) HTTPS
8 3 (0.18%) Multicast
9 2 (0.12%) Firewall
9 2 (0.12%) HTTP
9 2 (0.12%) SSH
9 2 (0.12%) VPN
9 2 (0.12%) Z-Wave
10 1 (0.060%) Cisco Wireless
10 1 (0.060%) Intrusion Detection
10 1 (0.060%) PuTTY
10 1 (0.060%) Wi-Fi
10 1 (0.060%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 375 (22.39%) Data Warehouse
2 351 (20.96%) Big Data
3 339 (20.24%) Data Lake
4 224 (13.37%) Power BI
5 213 (12.72%) Hadoop
6 160 (9.55%) Amazon Redshift
7 153 (9.13%) SQL Server
8 134 (8.00%) Tableau
9 118 (7.04%) Apache Hive
10 116 (6.93%) NoSQL
10 116 (6.93%) PostgreSQL
11 103 (6.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 88 (5.25%) BigQuery
13 87 (5.19%) Relational Database
14 86 (5.13%) Azure SQL Database
15 78 (4.66%) Amazon Athena
16 57 (3.40%) MongoDB
17 52 (3.10%) Metadata
18 51 (3.04%) Apache Cassandra
18 51 (3.04%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 177 (10.57%) Git (software)
2 104 (6.21%) JIRA
3 103 (6.15%) Jenkins
4 71 (4.24%) GitLab
5 31 (1.85%) Hudson
6 19 (1.13%) Maven
7 18 (1.07%) TeamCity
8 14 (0.84%) Bitbucket
9 12 (0.72%) Gradle
10 10 (0.60%) MLflow
11 9 (0.54%) Subversion
12 8 (0.48%) CircleCI
13 6 (0.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 6 (0.36%) ERwin
13 6 (0.36%) Visual Studio
14 4 (0.24%) PyCharm
14 4 (0.24%) Selenium
14 4 (0.24%) Team Foundation Server
14 4 (0.24%) Visual Studio Code
15 3 (0.18%) RStudio
General
1 259 (15.46%) Finance
2 246 (14.69%) Social Skills
3 134 (8.00%) Analytical Skills
4 120 (7.16%) Banking
5 108 (6.45%) Public Sector
6 59 (3.52%) Presentation Skills
7 57 (3.40%) Investment Banking
8 55 (3.28%) Marketing
9 40 (2.39%) Retail
10 39 (2.33%) Legal
11 36 (2.15%) Financial Institution
12 30 (1.79%) Publishing
12 30 (1.79%) Telecoms
13 22 (1.31%) Manufacturing
14 16 (0.96%) Influencing Skills
15 15 (0.90%) Law
16 11 (0.66%) Documentation Skills
17 9 (0.54%) Advertising
17 9 (0.54%) Electronics
18 7 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 283 (16.90%) Kafka
2 248 (14.81%) PySpark
3 55 (3.28%) Apache NiFi
3 55 (3.28%) Spark Streaming
4 39 (2.33%) Pandas
5 30 (1.79%) .NET
5 30 (1.79%) JSON
6 25 (1.49%) ARM Templates
6 25 (1.49%) pytest
7 22 (1.31%) REST
7 22 (1.31%) RESTful
8 20 (1.19%) Apache Beam
8 20 (1.19%) XML
9 19 (1.13%) GraphQL
10 18 (1.07%) Apache Avro
10 18 (1.07%) Regular Expression
11 15 (0.90%) Node.js
11 15 (0.90%) Spring
12 14 (0.84%) Elastic Stack
12 14 (0.84%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 68 (4.06%) Data Structures
2 45 (2.69%) Algorithms
3 40 (2.39%) Data Protection Act
4 38 (2.27%) Greenfield Project
5 30 (1.79%) Hedge funds
6 29 (1.73%) iPad
7 28 (1.67%) Cloud Native
8 26 (1.55%) Management Information System
9 20 (1.19%) Legacy Systems
9 20 (1.19%) Self-Motivation
10 18 (1.07%) Public Cloud
11 16 (0.96%) Social Media
12 15 (0.90%) Replication
13 13 (0.78%) Linux Command Line
14 12 (0.72%) NHS
14 12 (0.72%) Reference Data
15 10 (0.60%) Data Centre
16 5 (0.30%) Enterprise Cloud
16 5 (0.30%) Hybrid Cloud
16 5 (0.30%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 102 (6.09%) Linux
2 62 (3.70%) Unix
3 14 (0.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 13 (0.78%) Windows
5 5 (0.30%) CentOS
6 4 (0.24%) Solaris
6 4 (0.24%) Windows Server
7 3 (0.18%) Android
7 3 (0.18%) Apple iOS
7 3 (0.18%) Oracle Linux
7 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
8 2 (0.12%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.060%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 515 (30.75%) ETL
2 480 (28.66%) Data Engineering
3 452 (26.99%) Agile Software Development
4 425 (25.37%) Analytics
5 410 (24.48%) Data Pipeline
6 362 (21.61%) Data Modelling
7 321 (19.16%) Business Intelligence
8 316 (18.87%) CI/CD
9 310 (18.51%) DevOps
10 242 (14.45%) Data Science
11 152 (9.07%) Scrum
12 148 (8.84%) Visualisation
13 140 (8.36%) Machine Learning
14 123 (7.34%) Data Integration
15 119 (7.10%) Migration
16 108 (6.45%) Data Analysis
17 102 (6.09%) Software Engineering
18 101 (6.03%) Problem-Solving
19 100 (5.97%) Data Ingestion
20 95 (5.67%) Data Analytics
Programming Languages
1 954 (56.96%) Python
2 790 (47.16%) SQL
3 322 (19.22%) Scala
4 267 (15.94%) Java
5 93 (5.55%) C#
6 66 (3.94%) R
7 63 (3.76%) PowerShell
8 60 (3.58%) Bash
9 53 (3.16%) T-SQL
10 44 (2.63%) PL/SQL
11 43 (2.57%) JavaScript
12 32 (1.91%) C++
13 31 (1.85%) Shell Script
14 15 (0.90%) C
15 11 (0.66%) Go
16 10 (0.60%) TypeScript
17 9 (0.54%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
18 8 (0.48%) Java 8
18 8 (0.48%) Ruby
19 7 (0.42%) VBA
Qualifications
1 195 (11.64%) Security Cleared
2 157 (9.37%) SC Cleared
3 85 (5.07%) Degree
4 44 (2.63%) DV Cleared
5 40 (2.39%) Computer Science Degree
6 29 (1.73%) AWS Certification
7 22 (1.31%) BPSS Clearance
8 8 (0.48%) Master's Degree
9 7 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
10 5 (0.30%) Cisco Certification
10 5 (0.30%) FFIEC
10 5 (0.30%) PhD
11 4 (0.24%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 4 (0.24%) CISSP
12 3 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
12 3 (0.18%) PMI Certification
12 3 (0.18%) PMP
13 2 (0.12%) DBS Check
14 1 (0.060%) CCNA
14 1 (0.060%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 142 (8.48%) Data Quality
2 54 (3.22%) QA
3 42 (2.51%) GDPR
4 15 (0.90%) SLA
5 11 (0.66%) Accessibility
6 10 (0.60%) IFRS
7 6 (0.36%) PMO
8 5 (0.30%) GLBA
8 5 (0.30%) NIST
8 5 (0.30%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.060%) Actionable Recommendations
10 1 (0.060%) Solvency II
System Software
1 106 (6.33%) Docker
2 44 (2.63%) HDFS
3 18 (1.07%) Virtual Machines
4 15 (0.90%) Apache Flume
5 9 (0.54%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 6 (0.36%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.060%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.060%) NFS
7 1 (0.060%) Oracle RAC
7 1 (0.060%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 144 (8.60%) Terraform
2 118 (7.04%) Kubernetes
3 55 (3.28%) Ansible
4 29 (1.73%) Kibana
5 26 (1.55%) Oozie
6 19 (1.13%) Grafana
7 10 (0.60%) Hadoop YARN
8 9 (0.54%) Bosun
9 8 (0.48%) logstash
10 7 (0.42%) VictorOps
11 4 (0.24%) Argo
11 4 (0.24%) Kubeflow
11 4 (0.24%) Opscode Chef
11 4 (0.24%) Prometheus
11 4 (0.24%) Puppet
11 4 (0.24%) Rancher
11 4 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
12 3 (0.18%) Ambari
13 2 (0.12%) Control-M
13 2 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 351 (20.96%) Databricks
2 138 (8.24%) Microsoft
3 102 (6.09%) Cloudera
4 94 (5.61%) Oracle
5 83 (4.96%) Google
6 63 (3.76%) Talend
7 53 (3.16%) Informatica
8 44 (2.63%) Hortonworks
9 34 (2.03%) SAP
10 28 (1.67%) StreamSets
11 23 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
12 20 (1.19%) Red Hat
12 20 (1.19%) Teradata
13 19 (1.13%) Alteryx
14 9 (0.54%) Confluent
14 9 (0.54%) IBM
15 7 (0.42%) Adobe
15 7 (0.42%) Netezza
15 7 (0.42%) ServiceNow
15 7 (0.42%) Splunk