Period
to 2 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 2 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK > England
6 months to
2 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 274 276 233
Rank change year-on-year +2 -43 -75
Contract jobs citing GDPR 279 711 1,190
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.88% 0.96% 1.27%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 8.22% 9.14% 11.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 201 483 822
Median daily rate £475 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.56% +2.63% +0.53%
10th Percentile £275 £313 £319
90th Percentile £675 £638 £663
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +2.63% - +1.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 13 16
Median hourly rate £27.98 £25.68 £29.36
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.96% -12.53% +46.80%
10th Percentile £24.78 £11.40 £16.01
90th Percentile £35.00 £35.99 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £30.85 £25.68 £29.36
% change year-on-year +20.13% -12.53% +46.80%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 3,394 7,778 10,038
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 10.75% 10.51% 10.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,026 4,892 6,404
Median daily rate £473 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
10th Percentile £263 £231 £256
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
UK median daily rate £470 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +4.44% - +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 197 333 360
Median hourly rate £26.51 £20.75 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +27.76% -1.18% +4.99%
10th Percentile £10.88 £11.13 £11.00
90th Percentile £57.50 £54.75 £49.30
Median hourly rate £26.96 £20.50 £20.25
% change year-on-year +31.51% +1.26% +1.23%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in England

GDPR
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GDPR in England.

Daily rate trend for GDPR in England

GDPR
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GDPR in England over the 6 months to 2 December 2020.

Daily rate histogram for GDPR in England

GDPR
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GDPR in England.

Hourly rate trend for GDPR in England

GDPR
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GDPR in England over the 6 months to 2 December 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for GDPR in England

GDPR
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the England region over the 6 months to 2 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +44 158 £475 -5.00% 47
North of England +54 41 £488 +8.94% 47
South East +28 40 £500 - 48
North West +46 22 £525 +16.67% 28
Yorkshire +38 19 £350 -17.65% 15
Midlands +20 16 £500 +2.25% 27
West Midlands +21 9 £500 -9.09% 11
South West +74 7 £400 - 14
East Midlands +31 7 £550 +22.22% 16
East of England +56 5 £413 -3.79% 18
GDPR
UK

For the 6 months to 2 December 2020, IT contractor jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for GDPR.

1 73 (26.16%) Agile Software Development
2 66 (23.66%) Data Protection
3 57 (20.43%) Finance
4 55 (19.71%) PCI DSS
5 52 (18.64%) Information Security
6 51 (18.28%) SQL
7 47 (16.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 46 (16.49%) Cybersecurity
9 39 (13.98%) Oracle
10 36 (12.90%) Windows
10 36 (12.90%) CISSP
10 36 (12.90%) Azure
11 35 (12.54%) Microsoft
12 34 (12.19%) NIST
13 31 (11.11%) Project Management
13 31 (11.11%) Linux
13 31 (11.11%) Legal
14 30 (10.75%) Public Sector
15 29 (10.39%) DevOps
15 29 (10.39%) Management Information System
15 29 (10.39%) Microsoft Excel
16 28 (10.04%) Data Modelling
17 27 (9.68%) Data Management
18 26 (9.32%) Analytical Skills
19 25 (8.96%) CISM
19 25 (8.96%) AWS
20 24 (8.60%) Security Architecture
20 24 (8.60%) Data Security
21 23 (8.24%) SAP
21 23 (8.24%) SQL Server

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (2.87%) JBoss
2 7 (2.51%) CMS
3 6 (2.15%) Elasticsearch
3 6 (2.15%) IIS
3 6 (2.15%) NetWeaver
3 6 (2.15%) WebSphere
4 4 (1.43%) Apache
4 4 (1.43%) Confluence
4 4 (1.43%) EPiServer
4 4 (1.43%) Tomcat
5 3 (1.08%) Jadu
5 3 (1.08%) nginx
5 3 (1.08%) SharePoint
6 2 (0.72%) Apache Solr
6 2 (0.72%) WebLogic
7 1 (0.36%) Apache Pig
7 1 (0.36%) Apache Spark
7 1 (0.36%) Documentum
7 1 (0.36%) Drupal
7 1 (0.36%) Gunicorn
Applications
1 29 (10.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (1.79%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.79%) Spreadsheet
3 4 (1.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.72%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 10 (3.58%) Oracle EBS
2 7 (2.51%) Northgate Housing
3 3 (1.08%) Minerva
3 3 (1.08%) SAP S/4HANA
3 3 (1.08%) SAP TEM
4 2 (0.72%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.72%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.36%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.36%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.36%) Raiser's Edge
5 1 (0.36%) SAP GRC
Cloud Services
1 36 (12.90%) Azure
2 25 (8.96%) AWS
3 18 (6.45%) SaaS
4 12 (4.30%) PaaS
5 11 (3.94%) GitHub
6 10 (3.58%) IaaS
6 10 (3.58%) Office 365
7 8 (2.87%) GCP
7 8 (2.87%) Serverless
8 7 (2.51%) AWS Lambda
9 6 (2.15%) Amazon ECS
9 6 (2.15%) Amazon S3
9 6 (2.15%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 4 (1.43%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 4 (1.43%) Amazon Cognito
10 4 (1.43%) Amazon EC2
10 4 (1.43%) AWS CodeCommit
10 4 (1.43%) Power Platform
10 4 (1.43%) Route 53
10 4 (1.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 19 (6.81%) Firewall
2 12 (4.30%) Network Security
3 9 (3.23%) DNS
4 8 (2.87%) WAN
5 7 (2.51%) VPN
5 7 (2.51%) Wireless
6 6 (2.15%) DHCP
6 6 (2.15%) MPLS
6 6 (2.15%) PBX
6 6 (2.15%) Skype
6 6 (2.15%) VoIP
7 5 (1.79%) BGP
7 5 (1.79%) Cisco IPT
8 4 (1.43%) SSL
8 4 (1.43%) TCP/IP
9 3 (1.08%) Internet
10 2 (0.72%) HTTP
10 2 (0.72%) Intrusion Detection
10 2 (0.72%) SAN
10 2 (0.72%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (8.24%) SQL Server
2 14 (5.02%) MySQL
3 10 (3.58%) Data Warehouse
4 9 (3.23%) SAP HANA
5 8 (2.87%) DB2
5 8 (2.87%) PostgreSQL
6 7 (2.51%) Amazon RDS
6 7 (2.51%) Azure SQL Database
6 7 (2.51%) Relational Database
7 6 (2.15%) Cosmos DB
8 5 (1.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 4 (1.43%) Power BI
10 3 (1.08%) BusinessObjects
10 3 (1.08%) Data Lake
10 3 (1.08%) Hadoop
10 3 (1.08%) MS Access
10 3 (1.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 2 (0.72%) SAP Data Services
11 2 (0.72%) SQLite
11 2 (0.72%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 13 (4.66%) Git (software)
2 10 (3.58%) JIRA
3 7 (2.51%) Burp Suite
4 4 (1.43%) IntelliJ
4 4 (1.43%) Maven
4 4 (1.43%) Sublime Text
5 3 (1.08%) Jenkins
5 3 (1.08%) SonarQube
6 2 (0.72%) sqlmap
7 1 (0.36%) CruiseControl
7 1 (0.36%) eggPlant
7 1 (0.36%) kappa
7 1 (0.36%) Serena SBM
7 1 (0.36%) Snyk
7 1 (0.36%) Subversion
7 1 (0.36%) Team Foundation Server
7 1 (0.36%) TeamCity
7 1 (0.36%) Travis CI
7 1 (0.36%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 57 (20.43%) Finance
2 31 (11.11%) Legal
3 30 (10.75%) Public Sector
4 15 (5.38%) Local Government
5 14 (5.02%) Law
6 13 (4.66%) Banking
6 13 (4.66%) Marketing
6 13 (4.66%) Retail
7 11 (3.94%) Pharmaceutical
8 8 (2.87%) Telecoms
9 7 (2.51%) Financial Institution
10 6 (2.15%) Retail Banking
11 5 (1.79%) Manufacturing
12 4 (1.43%) Digital Economy
13 2 (0.72%) Electronics
13 2 (0.72%) Games
14 1 (0.36%) Advertising
14 1 (0.36%) Front Office
14 1 (0.36%) International Banking
14 1 (0.36%) Police
Job Titles
1 53 (19.00%) Analyst
2 49 (17.56%) Architect
3 35 (12.54%) Consultant
4 24 (8.60%) Business Analyst
5 22 (7.89%) Security Architect
6 18 (6.45%) Security Consultant
7 16 (5.73%) Data Manager
8 13 (4.66%) Developer
9 12 (4.30%) Security Manager
10 11 (3.94%) Data Analyst
10 11 (3.94%) Project Manager
11 10 (3.58%) Solutions Architect
12 9 (3.23%) Cloud Architect
12 9 (3.23%) Data Architect
12 9 (3.23%) GDPR Business Analyst
13 8 (2.87%) Junior
13 8 (2.87%) Security Analyst
13 8 (2.87%) Technical Analyst
13 8 (2.87%) Technical Business Analyst
14 6 (2.15%) Data Modeller
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (7.89%) Web Services
2 14 (5.02%) CSS
2 14 (5.02%) HTML
3 10 (3.58%) JSON
4 9 (3.23%) Middleware
5 8 (2.87%) RESTful
6 7 (2.51%) .NET
7 6 (2.15%) HTML5
7 6 (2.15%) SAP Basis
8 5 (1.79%) CSS3
8 5 (1.79%) LDAP
8 5 (1.79%) Node.js
9 4 (1.43%) REST
9 4 (1.43%) SOAP
9 4 (1.43%) Spring
10 3 (1.08%) jQuery
10 3 (1.08%) OAuth
10 3 (1.08%) SailPoint
10 3 (1.08%) SAP PI
10 3 (1.08%) XMPP
Miscellaneous
1 29 (10.39%) Management Information System
2 26 (9.32%) Analytical Skills
3 20 (7.17%) User Experience
4 16 (5.73%) Freedom of Information
4 16 (5.73%) NHS
5 10 (3.58%) Data Centre
5 10 (3.58%) Data Protection Act
6 8 (2.87%) Freedom of Information Act
6 8 (2.87%) PKI
7 7 (2.51%) Analytical Mindset
7 7 (2.51%) Hedge funds
7 7 (2.51%) Public Cloud
8 6 (2.15%) Cyberthreat
8 6 (2.15%) Virtual Team
9 5 (1.79%) Greenfield Project
10 4 (1.43%) CESG
10 4 (1.43%) e-Learning
10 4 (1.43%) Enterprise Software
10 4 (1.43%) FMCG
10 4 (1.43%) Marketing Technology
Operating Systems
1 36 (12.90%) Windows
2 31 (11.11%) Linux
3 22 (7.89%) Unix
4 11 (3.94%) Windows Server
5 6 (2.15%) AIX
6 5 (1.79%) Kali Linux
6 5 (1.79%) Mac OS
7 4 (1.43%) Amazon Linux
7 4 (1.43%) Solaris
8 3 (1.08%) Android
8 3 (1.08%) Windows Server 2003
9 2 (0.72%) Apple iOS
10 1 (0.36%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.36%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 73 (26.16%) Agile Software Development
2 66 (23.66%) Data Protection
3 52 (18.64%) Information Security
4 46 (16.49%) Cybersecurity
5 31 (11.11%) Project Management
6 29 (10.39%) DevOps
7 28 (10.04%) Data Modelling
8 27 (9.68%) Data Management
9 24 (8.60%) Data Security
9 24 (8.60%) Security Architecture
10 23 (8.24%) Data Privacy
11 21 (7.53%) ITIL
11 21 (7.53%) Migration
11 21 (7.53%) TOGAF
12 20 (7.17%) Stakeholder Management
13 19 (6.81%) Problem-Solving
13 19 (6.81%) Security Testing
14 18 (6.45%) Change Management
14 18 (6.45%) Continuous Improvement
15 17 (6.09%) Information Governance
Programming Languages
1 51 (18.28%) SQL
2 15 (5.38%) Java
3 12 (4.30%) JavaScript
4 9 (3.23%) Python
5 6 (2.15%) C
5 6 (2.15%) PHP
6 5 (1.79%) PowerShell
6 5 (1.79%) VBA
7 4 (1.43%) ABAP
7 4 (1.43%) Apex Code
7 4 (1.43%) Bash Shell
7 4 (1.43%) Perl
8 3 (1.08%) BeanShell
8 3 (1.08%) Ruby
9 2 (0.72%) Apple Swift
9 2 (0.72%) C#
9 2 (0.72%) Objective-C
9 2 (0.72%) T-SQL
10 1 (0.36%) C++
10 1 (0.36%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 36 (12.90%) CISSP
2 25 (8.96%) CISM
3 22 (7.89%) Security Cleared
4 18 (6.45%) Degree
4 18 (6.45%) SC Cleared
5 15 (5.38%) CISA
6 9 (3.23%) CCSP
6 9 (3.23%) Cisco Certification
6 9 (3.23%) CRISC
6 9 (3.23%) SANS
7 6 (2.15%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 6 (2.15%) ISEB
8 5 (1.79%) OSCP
8 5 (1.79%) Postgraduate
9 4 (1.43%) CESG Certified Professional
10 3 (1.08%) CCNP
10 3 (1.08%) ISSAP
11 2 (0.72%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.72%) IISP
11 2 (0.72%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (19.71%) PCI DSS
2 47 (16.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 34 (12.19%) NIST
4 22 (7.89%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 17 (6.09%) Data Quality
6 15 (5.38%) COBIT
7 13 (4.66%) QA
8 8 (2.87%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 7 (2.51%) Cyber Essentials
9 7 (2.51%) NCSC
10 6 (2.15%) HIPAA
10 6 (2.15%) PMO
10 6 (2.15%) RMADS
10 6 (2.15%) SLA
11 4 (1.43%) ISO 9001
12 3 (1.08%) GxP
12 3 (1.08%) ISAE 3402
12 3 (1.08%) ISO 22301
12 3 (1.08%) ISO 31000
12 3 (1.08%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 21 (7.53%) Active Directory
2 9 (3.23%) Docker
3 4 (1.43%) VMware ESXi
3 4 (1.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (1.08%) VMware Workstation
5 1 (0.36%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.36%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 10 (3.58%) Ansible
2 9 (3.23%) Nessus
2 9 (3.23%) Terraform
3 8 (2.87%) Kubernetes
4 4 (1.43%) Kibana
5 3 (1.08%) IBM Guardium
5 3 (1.08%) Trend Micro Deep Security
5 3 (1.08%) vCenter Server
6 2 (0.72%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.72%) Single Sign-On
6 2 (0.72%) Tivoli
7 1 (0.36%) CASB
7 1 (0.36%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
7 1 (0.36%) Control-M
7 1 (0.36%) Icinga
7 1 (0.36%) ITRS Geneos
7 1 (0.36%) Microsoft Intune
7 1 (0.36%) Netcool
7 1 (0.36%) Puppet
7 1 (0.36%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 39 (13.98%) Oracle
2 35 (12.54%) Microsoft
3 23 (8.24%) SAP
4 14 (5.02%) Salesforce.com
5 11 (3.94%) Cisco
6 8 (2.87%) Northgate
7 7 (2.51%) Google
8 6 (2.15%) Citrix
8 6 (2.15%) IBM
8 6 (2.15%) OneTrust
8 6 (2.15%) Pardot
8 6 (2.15%) Qualys
8 6 (2.15%) Sun
9 5 (1.79%) Arista
9 5 (1.79%) Barracuda Networks
9 5 (1.79%) Splunk
9 5 (1.79%) VMware
10 4 (1.43%) Sybase
10 4 (1.43%) Tealium
11 3 (1.08%) Centrify