Period
to 7 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 7 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cybersecurity
UK > England
6 months to
7 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 110 166 219
Rank change year-on-year +56 +53 -2
Contract jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,586 1,629 1,212
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.17% 1.70% 1.27%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.52% 1.95% 1.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,105 997 782
England median daily rate £500 £515 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.91% +5.64% -2.50%
10th Percentile £357 £375 £325
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £500 £513 £488
% change year-on-year -2.44% +5.13% -2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 13 3
England median hourly rate £46.25 £50.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.50% +100.00% -25.93%
10th Percentile £18.88 £18.30 £24.98
90th Percentile £60.00 £66.60 £81.00
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £50.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +33.33%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 62,959 83,456 82,152
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.96% 87.11% 86.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 41,640 55,968 55,300
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,975 2,101 1,936
England median hourly rate £23.75 £22.00 £23.63
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.95% -6.88% +5.00%
10th Percentile £11.88 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.50 £49.75
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £22.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year +6.82% -4.35% +2.22%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the England region over the 6 months to 7 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +38 769 £550 - 268
South East +69 277 £500 - 171
South West +43 234 £500 +2.56% 83
North of England -12 148 £443 -11.35% 165
Midlands +46 96 £525 +16.67% 123
North West +20 81 £455 -9.00% 95
West Midlands +37 73 £525 +16.67% 87
Yorkshire -11 62 £400 -27.27% 55
East of England +33 53 £475 -5.00% 82
East Midlands +28 23 £588 +38.24% 36
North East +11 4 £150 -69.23% 15
Cybersecurity
UK

For the 6 months to 7 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 382 (24.09%) Security Cleared
2 357 (22.51%) Information Security
3 344 (21.69%) Finance
4 275 (17.34%) Agile Software Development
5 237 (14.94%) Firewall
6 231 (14.56%) CISSP
7 221 (13.93%) SC Cleared
7 221 (13.93%) DV Cleared
8 209 (13.18%) Windows
9 205 (12.93%) Azure
10 194 (12.23%) Stakeholder Management
11 193 (12.17%) Microsoft
12 183 (11.54%) SIEM
13 168 (10.59%) Risk Management
14 164 (10.34%) AWS
15 163 (10.28%) DevOps
16 158 (9.96%) Security Operations
17 157 (9.90%) Linux
18 155 (9.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
19 153 (9.65%) Management Information System
20 139 (8.76%) Security Architecture
21 128 (8.07%) Vulnerability Management
22 124 (7.82%) Java
23 115 (7.25%) Degree
23 115 (7.25%) Network Security
24 113 (7.12%) CISM
24 113 (7.12%) Project Management
25 111 (7.00%) Software Engineering
26 108 (6.81%) Public Sector
27 104 (6.56%) Python

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (2.27%) SharePoint
2 20 (1.26%) MS Exchange
3 16 (1.01%) Confluence
4 14 (0.88%) Skype for Business
5 10 (0.63%) Elasticsearch
6 8 (0.50%) IIS
7 7 (0.44%) OpenStack
8 5 (0.32%) Exchange Server 2010
8 5 (0.32%) Jupyter
9 4 (0.25%) Apache Spark
9 4 (0.25%) SharePoint 2010
10 3 (0.19%) Apache
10 3 (0.19%) SharePoint 2013
11 2 (0.13%) ArcGIS
11 2 (0.13%) ColdFusion
11 2 (0.13%) Exchange Server 2007
11 2 (0.13%) SAS
11 2 (0.13%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.13%) WebSphere
12 1 (0.063%) WordPress
Applications
1 44 (2.77%) Microsoft Office
2 30 (1.89%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (1.07%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 9 (0.57%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.19%) InfoPath
5 3 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.063%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.063%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 6 (0.38%) Misys Opics
2 3 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.19%) SAP BPC
2 3 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
2 3 (0.19%) SAP SCM
3 1 (0.063%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.063%) SAP HCM
Cloud Services
1 205 (12.93%) Azure
2 164 (10.34%) AWS
3 82 (5.17%) Office 365
4 52 (3.28%) GCP
5 40 (2.52%) SaaS
6 31 (1.95%) IaaS
7 26 (1.64%) PaaS
8 22 (1.39%) Cloud Computing
9 16 (1.01%) Azure Active Directory
10 12 (0.76%) OneDrive
10 12 (0.76%) Power Platform
11 8 (0.50%) Mimecast
12 6 (0.38%) Azure Data Factory
12 6 (0.38%) GitHub
12 6 (0.38%) OpenShift
13 5 (0.32%) Amazon EC2
13 5 (0.32%) npm
13 5 (0.32%) SuccessFactors
14 4 (0.25%) Dynamics 365
14 4 (0.25%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 237 (14.94%) Firewall
2 115 (7.25%) Network Security
3 99 (6.24%) Internet
4 74 (4.67%) DNS
5 58 (3.66%) WAN
6 41 (2.59%) Intrusion Detection
7 38 (2.40%) LAN
8 35 (2.21%) VPN
9 29 (1.83%) TCP/IP
10 28 (1.77%) DHCP
11 24 (1.51%) SNMP
12 22 (1.39%) Wireless
13 20 (1.26%) Skype
14 19 (1.20%) MPLS
15 14 (0.88%) BGP
15 14 (0.88%) Wi-Fi
16 12 (0.76%) SAN
16 12 (0.76%) Wireshark
17 9 (0.57%) Cisco ASA
17 9 (0.57%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (4.41%) Big Data
2 27 (1.70%) SQL Server
3 24 (1.51%) Relational Database
4 14 (0.88%) NoSQL
5 13 (0.82%) Blockchain
5 13 (0.82%) RDBMS
6 11 (0.69%) Redis
7 10 (0.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 10 (0.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 9 (0.57%) Apache Cassandra
8 9 (0.57%) Hazelcast
8 9 (0.57%) Oracle Database
8 9 (0.57%) Power BI
9 8 (0.50%) Oracle Database 10g
9 8 (0.50%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 7 (0.44%) Couchbase
10 7 (0.44%) MySQL
10 7 (0.44%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 6 (0.38%) Microsoft Analysis Services
11 6 (0.38%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 58 (3.66%) Jenkins
2 40 (2.52%) JIRA
3 38 (2.40%) Selenium
4 34 (2.14%) Cucumber
5 23 (1.45%) Git (software)
6 18 (1.13%) Rational DOORS
7 15 (0.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 10 (0.63%) Burp Suite
8 10 (0.63%) JUnit
9 9 (0.57%) Bitbucket
9 9 (0.57%) SonarQube
10 8 (0.50%) Sonatype Nexus
11 7 (0.44%) GitLab
12 6 (0.38%) Artifactory
13 5 (0.32%) Jasmine
13 5 (0.32%) Visual Studio
14 4 (0.25%) Ant
14 4 (0.25%) Bitbucket Server
14 4 (0.25%) EasyMock
14 4 (0.25%) Mocha
General
1 344 (21.69%) Finance
2 108 (6.81%) Public Sector
3 92 (5.80%) Telecoms
4 83 (5.23%) Retail
5 77 (4.85%) Manufacturing
6 71 (4.48%) Banking
7 62 (3.91%) Military
8 26 (1.64%) Legal
9 23 (1.45%) Law
10 21 (1.32%) Financial Institution
11 14 (0.88%) Marketing
11 14 (0.88%) Police
12 13 (0.82%) Retail Banking
13 11 (0.69%) Electronics
13 11 (0.69%) Games
14 9 (0.57%) Back Office
14 9 (0.57%) Investment Banking
15 6 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
16 5 (0.32%) Advertising
17 2 (0.13%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 284 (17.91%) Analyst
2 245 (15.45%) Architect
3 169 (10.66%) Consultant
4 144 (9.08%) Security Architect
5 136 (8.58%) Security Analyst
6 135 (8.51%) Security Consultant
7 111 (7.00%) Business Analyst
7 111 (7.00%) Project Manager
8 106 (6.68%) Security Engineer
8 106 (6.68%) Security Manager
9 91 (5.74%) Cybersecurity Consultant
10 89 (5.61%) Developer
11 82 (5.17%) Cybersecurity Manager
12 81 (5.11%) Cybersecurity Analyst
13 60 (3.78%) Software Engineer
14 55 (3.47%) Security Project Manager
15 46 (2.90%) Cybersecurity Architect
16 42 (2.65%) Project Manager - Cybersecurity
17 37 (2.33%) Security Specialist
17 37 (2.33%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 61 (3.85%) .NET
2 38 (2.40%) Web Services
3 29 (1.83%) React
3 29 (1.83%) RESTful
4 23 (1.45%) AngularJS
5 21 (1.32%) CSS
5 21 (1.32%) HTML
5 21 (1.32%) Node.js
6 18 (1.13%) Kafka
6 18 (1.13%) REST
6 18 (1.13%) Spring
7 12 (0.76%) Middleware
8 11 (0.69%) SAML
9 10 (0.63%) Play Framework
10 9 (0.57%) .NET Framework
10 9 (0.57%) Akka
10 9 (0.57%) Elastic Stack
10 9 (0.57%) Pandas
11 8 (0.50%) HTML5
11 8 (0.50%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 153 (9.65%) Management Information System
2 97 (6.12%) Analytical Skills
3 78 (4.92%) Data Centre
4 50 (3.15%) Cyberthreat
5 48 (3.03%) Security Operations Centre
6 35 (2.21%) PKI
7 30 (1.89%) Public Cloud
8 25 (1.58%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 23 (1.45%) User Experience
10 21 (1.32%) Cyber Defence
10 21 (1.32%) SCADA
11 20 (1.26%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
12 19 (1.20%) ASIC
12 19 (1.20%) Cyberattack
13 16 (1.01%) Self-Motivation
14 14 (0.88%) CESG
15 13 (0.82%) Greenfield Project
16 12 (0.76%) Driving Licence
17 10 (0.63%) Video Conferencing
18 8 (0.50%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 209 (13.18%) Windows
2 157 (9.90%) Linux
3 49 (3.09%) Windows Server
4 40 (2.52%) Unix
5 35 (2.21%) Windows 10
6 24 (1.51%) Windows Server 2008
7 21 (1.32%) Windows Server 2012
8 19 (1.20%) Windows 7
9 16 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 15 (0.95%) Apple iOS
11 13 (0.82%) Android
12 11 (0.69%) Windows Server 2003
13 7 (0.44%) AIX
13 7 (0.44%) Solaris
14 6 (0.38%) CentOS
15 5 (0.32%) Mac OS
15 5 (0.32%) Ubuntu
15 5 (0.32%) Windows XP
16 4 (0.25%) Mac OS X
16 4 (0.25%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 357 (22.51%) Information Security
2 275 (17.34%) Agile Software Development
3 194 (12.23%) Stakeholder Management
4 183 (11.54%) SIEM
5 168 (10.59%) Risk Management
6 163 (10.28%) DevOps
7 158 (9.96%) Security Operations
8 139 (8.76%) Security Architecture
9 128 (8.07%) Vulnerability Management
10 113 (7.12%) Project Management
11 111 (7.00%) Software Engineering
12 98 (6.18%) ITIL
13 93 (5.86%) Identity Access Management
14 92 (5.80%) Change Management
15 86 (5.42%) Analytics
16 79 (4.98%) Problem-Solving
17 75 (4.73%) Scrum
18 73 (4.60%) Migration
19 72 (4.54%) Digital Transformation Programme
20 70 (4.41%) Enterprise Architecture
Programming Languages
1 124 (7.82%) Java
2 104 (6.56%) Python
3 99 (6.24%) C
4 64 (4.04%) SQL
5 58 (3.66%) JavaScript
6 54 (3.40%) PowerShell
7 49 (3.09%) C#
8 48 (3.03%) C++
9 29 (1.83%) Bash Shell
10 21 (1.32%) Scala
11 13 (0.82%) Shell Script
12 12 (0.76%) Go
13 11 (0.69%) TypeScript
14 10 (0.63%) Ruby
15 8 (0.50%) VBA
16 7 (0.44%) Perl
17 4 (0.25%) PHP
18 3 (0.19%) Embedded C
18 3 (0.19%) Embedded C++
18 3 (0.19%) VB
Qualifications
1 382 (24.09%) Security Cleared
2 231 (14.56%) CISSP
3 221 (13.93%) DV Cleared
3 221 (13.93%) SC Cleared
4 115 (7.25%) Degree
5 113 (7.12%) CISM
6 62 (3.91%) Cisco Certification
7 45 (2.84%) SANS
8 44 (2.77%) GIAC
9 42 (2.65%) CEH
10 41 (2.59%) CESG Certified Professional
11 35 (2.21%) CISA
12 29 (1.83%) ISEB
13 27 (1.70%) CCNA
13 27 (1.70%) Computer Science Degree
14 25 (1.58%) CCNP
14 25 (1.58%) ISTQB
15 22 (1.39%) Microsoft Certification
16 20 (1.26%) CRISC
16 20 (1.26%) GCIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 155 (9.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 98 (6.18%) NIST
3 73 (4.60%) GDPR
4 43 (2.71%) COBIT
4 43 (2.71%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 43 (2.71%) PCI DSS
5 39 (2.46%) QA
6 38 (2.40%) NCSC
7 28 (1.77%) PMO
8 22 (1.39%) Cyber Essentials
9 21 (1.32%) RMADS
10 20 (1.26%) JSP 440
11 19 (1.20%) SLA
12 14 (0.88%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 11 (0.69%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 10 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27005
15 9 (0.57%) NIST 800
16 8 (0.50%) Sarbanes-Oxley
17 6 (0.38%) GAMP
17 6 (0.38%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 100 (6.31%) Active Directory
2 80 (5.04%) Docker
3 35 (2.21%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (1.01%) Hyper-V
5 14 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (0.69%) vSphere
7 10 (0.63%) VMware ESXi
8 9 (0.57%) XenApp
9 8 (0.50%) XenDesktop
10 7 (0.44%) Snort
10 7 (0.44%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.25%) Firmware
12 3 (0.19%) ISA Server
12 3 (0.19%) Microsoft App-V
12 3 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
12 3 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
13 2 (0.13%) KVM
13 2 (0.13%) OCFS2
13 2 (0.13%) ProxySG
13 2 (0.13%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 70 (4.41%) Kubernetes
2 43 (2.71%) Ansible
3 33 (2.08%) Nessus
4 30 (1.89%) SCCM
5 27 (1.70%) Terraform
6 26 (1.64%) CASB
7 20 (1.26%) QRadar
8 16 (1.01%) CSIRT
8 16 (1.01%) Puppet
8 16 (1.01%) Single Sign-On
9 11 (0.69%) Norton AntiVirus
10 10 (0.63%) Istio
11 9 (0.57%) Network Intrusion Detection System
12 8 (0.50%) Marathon
12 8 (0.50%) Mesos
13 7 (0.44%) HP ALM
13 7 (0.44%) linkerd
13 7 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
13 7 (0.44%) RSA Archer
14 5 (0.32%) EnCase
Vendors
1 193 (12.17%) Microsoft
2 92 (5.80%) Cisco
3 85 (5.36%) Google
4 64 (4.04%) VMware
5 63 (3.97%) Splunk
6 48 (3.03%) Palo Alto
7 46 (2.90%) Apple
8 38 (2.40%) SAP
9 35 (2.21%) McAfee
9 35 (2.21%) Qualys
10 31 (1.95%) Symantec
11 28 (1.77%) Oracle
12 27 (1.70%) Citrix
13 23 (1.45%) CheckPoint
13 23 (1.45%) ServiceNow
14 21 (1.32%) Juniper
15 20 (1.26%) ArcSight
16 19 (1.20%) Red Hat
17 16 (1.01%) Salesforce.com
18 14 (0.88%) Forcepoint