Period
to 21 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 21 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cybersecurity
UK > England
6 months to
21 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 85 83 118
Rank change year-on-year -2 +35 +68
Contract jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,855 752 1,760
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.90% 2.93% 2.19%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.25% 3.35% 2.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,354 483 1,172
10th Percentile £400 £334 £358
25th Percentile £475 £425 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £513
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -2.44% +2.50%
75th Percentile £660 £600 £600
90th Percentile £756 £688 £700
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 12 26
10th Percentile £36.13 £22.60 £20.10
25th Percentile £49.13 £55.00 £38.44
Median hourly rate £60.00 £63.75 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year -5.88% +27.50% -
75th Percentile £75.25 £65.63 £55.00
90th Percentile " £70.04 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £59.75 £62.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -4.40% +25.00% -

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 57,033 22,445 70,551
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.23% 87.47% 87.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 39,830 15,317 47,683
10th Percentile £314 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £390 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £480 £475
Median % change year-on-year +6.77% +1.05% +2.70%
75th Percentile £613 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,506 642 1,906
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.02 £11.49
25th Percentile £14.63 £16.00 £14.32
Median hourly rate £24.18 £26.00 £22.91
Median % change year-on-year -7.02% +13.50% +14.54%
75th Percentile £48.75 £46.00 £46.40
90th Percentile £62.42 £55.56 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £24.50 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -2.00% +11.11% +15.38%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Daily rate trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the England region over the 6 months to 21 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +15 1,063 £575 +9.52% 299
North of England +2 187 £525 - 143
South East -9 175 £536 +7.25% 111
South West -8 155 £595 +27.14% 83
North West +1 103 £549 +6.97% 80
Midlands -47 99 £513 -6.82% 89
West Midlands -31 75 £531 -7.61% 61
Yorkshire -26 63 £493 -14.35% 46
East of England -20 48 £438 +4.92% 74
East Midlands -40 24 £425 +16.44% 28
North East +3 22 £550 - 17
Cybersecurity
UK

For the 6 months to 21 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 477 (25.71%) Finance
2 432 (23.29%) Information Security
3 414 (22.32%) Azure
4 402 (21.67%) Agile Software Development
5 398 (21.46%) Security Cleared
6 360 (19.41%) Social Skills
7 334 (18.01%) AWS
8 326 (17.57%) SC Cleared
9 308 (16.60%) CISSP
10 288 (15.53%) DevOps
11 253 (13.64%) Risk Management
12 222 (11.97%) Security Architecture
13 219 (11.81%) SIEM
14 208 (11.21%) Firewall
15 206 (11.11%) Python
16 202 (10.89%) ISO/IEC 27001
17 196 (10.57%) Microsoft
18 189 (10.19%) Linux
18 189 (10.19%) Security Operations
19 183 (9.87%) Windows
20 179 (9.65%) Degree
21 175 (9.43%) GCP
22 171 (9.22%) NIST
23 170 (9.16%) Banking
24 166 (8.95%) Network Security
25 157 (8.46%) Java
26 156 (8.41%) Public Sector
27 153 (8.25%) CISM
27 153 (8.25%) Stakeholder Management
28 152 (8.19%) Kubernetes

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (2.70%) Confluence
2 38 (2.05%) SharePoint
3 37 (1.99%) Apache
4 30 (1.62%) OpenStack
5 18 (0.97%) Elasticsearch
6 9 (0.49%) Tomcat
7 6 (0.32%) IIS
8 5 (0.27%) Apache Spark
8 5 (0.27%) nginx
9 4 (0.22%) Drupal
9 4 (0.22%) Skype for Business
10 3 (0.16%) SAS
11 2 (0.11%) Appian
11 2 (0.11%) Camunda
11 2 (0.11%) CICS
11 2 (0.11%) Jetty
11 2 (0.11%) MS Exchange
11 2 (0.11%) SharePoint Server
12 1 (0.054%) Apache Airflow
12 1 (0.054%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 37 (1.99%) Microsoft Office
2 36 (1.94%) Microsoft Excel
3 21 (1.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 15 (0.81%) MS Visio
5 9 (0.49%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.11%) Simulink
8 1 (0.054%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.054%) Figma
8 1 (0.054%) InVision
8 1 (0.054%) Open Workbench
8 1 (0.054%) Sketch
8 1 (0.054%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 16 (0.86%) Sentinel
2 6 (0.32%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 3 (0.16%) iTrent
3 3 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.16%) Unit4 Business World
4 2 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
4 2 (0.11%) Teamcenter
5 1 (0.054%) SAP CCM
Cloud Services
1 414 (22.32%) Azure
2 334 (18.01%) AWS
3 175 (9.43%) GCP
4 113 (6.09%) Microsoft 365
5 96 (5.18%) SaaS
6 65 (3.50%) IaaS
7 59 (3.18%) PaaS
8 52 (2.80%) Serverless
9 37 (1.99%) Azure Active Directory
10 33 (1.78%) AWS CloudFormation
10 33 (1.78%) Power Platform
11 28 (1.51%) Cloud Computing
12 26 (1.40%) Azure Sentinel
13 24 (1.29%) OpenShift
14 17 (0.92%) GitHub
15 12 (0.65%) Akamai
16 11 (0.59%) Amazon GuardDuty
17 7 (0.38%) Amazon EC2
17 7 (0.38%) Azure ExpressRoute
17 7 (0.38%) Google Workspace
Communications & Networking
1 208 (11.21%) Firewall
2 166 (8.95%) Network Security
3 71 (3.83%) DNS
4 67 (3.61%) WAN
5 58 (3.13%) LAN
6 52 (2.80%) VPN
7 50 (2.70%) TCP/IP
8 45 (2.43%) Internet
9 39 (2.10%) SSL
10 34 (1.83%) Wi-Fi
11 32 (1.73%) Intrusion Detection
12 28 (1.51%) DHCP
13 24 (1.29%) HTTP
13 24 (1.29%) VoIP
14 17 (0.92%) IPsec
15 16 (0.86%) SD-WAN
16 14 (0.75%) Wireless
17 13 (0.70%) IPv6
18 12 (0.65%) Cisco ASA
19 10 (0.54%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 79 (4.26%) Big Data
2 40 (2.16%) Hadoop
3 33 (1.78%) SQL Server
4 30 (1.62%) Power BI
5 18 (0.97%) Apache Hive
6 14 (0.75%) Data Lake
6 14 (0.75%) MySQL
6 14 (0.75%) Pentaho
7 11 (0.59%) Data Mining
7 11 (0.59%) Tableau
8 10 (0.54%) Amazon RDS
8 10 (0.54%) Relational Database
9 9 (0.49%) PostgreSQL
10 8 (0.43%) MongoDB
10 8 (0.43%) NoSQL
11 7 (0.38%) Couchbase
12 6 (0.32%) Oracle Database
13 5 (0.27%) Data Warehouse
13 5 (0.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 5 (0.27%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 96 (5.18%) JIRA
2 61 (3.29%) Jenkins
3 52 (2.80%) Git (software)
4 26 (1.40%) GitLab
5 22 (1.19%) Sonatype Nexus
6 17 (0.92%) Bitbucket
7 16 (0.86%) Maven
8 15 (0.81%) Artifactory
9 11 (0.59%) Burp Suite
10 9 (0.49%) Selenium
10 9 (0.49%) SonarQube
11 7 (0.38%) Snyk
11 7 (0.38%) Visual Studio
12 5 (0.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 5 (0.27%) JMeter
12 5 (0.27%) SoapUI
13 4 (0.22%) Arsenale Dataplane
13 4 (0.22%) CircleCI
13 4 (0.22%) Gradle
13 4 (0.22%) WebDriver
General
1 477 (25.71%) Finance
2 360 (19.41%) Social Skills
3 170 (9.16%) Banking
4 156 (8.41%) Public Sector
5 95 (5.12%) Analytical Skills
6 74 (3.99%) Legal
6 74 (3.99%) Telecoms
7 63 (3.40%) Presentation Skills
8 39 (2.10%) Marketing
9 35 (1.89%) Financial Institution
10 32 (1.73%) Organisational Skills
11 29 (1.56%) Law
11 29 (1.56%) Manufacturing
12 27 (1.46%) Influencing Skills
13 21 (1.13%) Electronics
14 17 (0.92%) Retail
15 15 (0.81%) Investment Banking
16 14 (0.75%) Games
17 13 (0.70%) Documentation Skills
18 10 (0.54%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 320 (17.25%) Architect
2 245 (13.21%) Analyst
3 230 (12.40%) Security Engineer
4 218 (11.75%) Security Architect
5 186 (10.03%) Consultant
6 147 (7.92%) Security Consultant
7 138 (7.44%) Security Manager
8 132 (7.12%) Security Analyst
9 114 (6.15%) Project Manager
10 93 (5.01%) Cybersecurity Manager
11 90 (4.85%) Developer
12 82 (4.42%) Cybersecurity Analyst
13 78 (4.20%) DevOps Engineer
14 68 (3.67%) Cybersecurity Engineer
15 65 (3.50%) Business Analyst
16 59 (3.18%) Security Project Manager
17 57 (3.07%) Cloud Architect
17 57 (3.07%) Cybersecurity Consultant
18 55 (2.96%) Cybersecurity Architect
19 53 (2.86%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 55 (2.96%) Kafka
2 49 (2.64%) Web Services
3 47 (2.53%) OAuth
4 39 (2.10%) SAML
5 34 (1.83%) Apache NiFi
6 27 (1.46%) .NET
6 27 (1.46%) OpenID
7 26 (1.40%) REST
8 24 (1.29%) OAuth2
9 20 (1.08%) React
9 20 (1.08%) SailPoint
10 18 (0.97%) AngularJS
11 17 (0.92%) Flask
11 17 (0.92%) Spring
12 15 (0.81%) JWT
12 15 (0.81%) LDAP
12 15 (0.81%) Middleware
12 15 (0.81%) RESTful
13 14 (0.75%) Django
13 14 (0.75%) XACML
Miscellaneous
1 134 (7.22%) Management Information System
2 75 (4.04%) Data Protection Act
3 68 (3.67%) Cyberthreat
4 61 (3.29%) Data Centre
5 51 (2.75%) Public Cloud
6 46 (2.48%) Security Operations Centre
7 37 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
8 32 (1.73%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 31 (1.67%) Cloud Native
10 28 (1.51%) Cyber Defence
10 28 (1.51%) Cyberattack
10 28 (1.51%) Hybrid Cloud
11 27 (1.46%) Hedge funds
12 24 (1.29%) PKI
13 20 (1.08%) CESG
14 19 (1.02%) Client/Server
15 18 (0.97%) Virtual Team
16 17 (0.92%) Enterprise Cloud
17 16 (0.86%) User Experience
18 13 (0.70%) CESG CLAS
Operating Systems
1 189 (10.19%) Linux
2 183 (9.87%) Windows
3 49 (2.64%) Windows Server
4 41 (2.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 41 (2.21%) Unix
5 29 (1.56%) Windows 10
6 14 (0.75%) Android
7 12 (0.65%) Apple iOS
8 9 (0.49%) Mac OS
8 9 (0.49%) Ubuntu
9 8 (0.43%) Debian
10 6 (0.32%) CentOS
10 6 (0.32%) Mac OS X
10 6 (0.32%) Windows 7
11 5 (0.27%) Solaris
12 4 (0.22%) Embedded Linux
12 4 (0.22%) Windows Server 2019
13 3 (0.16%) Kali Linux
13 3 (0.16%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 3 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 432 (23.29%) Information Security
2 402 (21.67%) Agile Software Development
3 288 (15.53%) DevOps
4 253 (13.64%) Risk Management
5 222 (11.97%) Security Architecture
6 219 (11.81%) SIEM
7 189 (10.19%) Security Operations
8 153 (8.25%) Stakeholder Management
9 151 (8.14%) Vulnerability Management
10 149 (8.03%) Data Protection
11 146 (7.87%) Project Management
12 129 (6.95%) Identity Access Management
13 100 (5.39%) Project Delivery
14 97 (5.23%) ITIL
14 97 (5.23%) Test Automation
15 95 (5.12%) Continuous Improvement
15 95 (5.12%) Scrum
16 93 (5.01%) Analytics
17 92 (4.96%) Problem-Solving
18 89 (4.80%) Threat Modelling
Programming Languages
1 206 (11.11%) Python
2 157 (8.46%) Java
3 98 (5.28%) PowerShell
4 91 (4.91%) JavaScript
5 88 (4.74%) SQL
6 58 (3.13%) C++
7 44 (2.37%) C
8 31 (1.67%) C#
9 30 (1.62%) Scala
10 26 (1.40%) Bash Shell
11 14 (0.75%) Go
12 8 (0.43%) R
12 8 (0.43%) Ruby
12 8 (0.43%) VBA
13 7 (0.38%) MATLAB
13 7 (0.38%) T-SQL
14 6 (0.32%) Perl
15 5 (0.27%) Shell Script
16 4 (0.22%) PHP
16 4 (0.22%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 398 (21.46%) Security Cleared
2 326 (17.57%) SC Cleared
3 308 (16.60%) CISSP
4 179 (9.65%) Degree
5 153 (8.25%) CISM
6 141 (7.60%) DV Cleared
7 53 (2.86%) CESG Certified Professional
8 51 (2.75%) Cisco Certification
9 49 (2.64%) CISA
10 46 (2.48%) CRISC
11 38 (2.05%) SANS
12 34 (1.83%) GIAC
13 29 (1.56%) CREST Certified
14 27 (1.46%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 26 (1.40%) CEH
15 26 (1.40%) Computer Science Degree
16 24 (1.29%) PMP
17 22 (1.19%) AWS Certification
18 21 (1.13%) CCNA
18 21 (1.13%) FFIEC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 202 (10.89%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 171 (9.22%) NIST
3 122 (6.58%) GDPR
4 66 (3.56%) NCSC
5 56 (3.02%) GRC
6 54 (2.91%) PCI DSS
7 53 (2.86%) Cyber Essentials
8 45 (2.43%) QA
9 33 (1.78%) PMO
10 32 (1.73%) NIST 800
11 25 (1.35%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 25 (1.35%) JSP 440
12 24 (1.29%) SOC 2
13 22 (1.19%) COBIT
13 22 (1.19%) RMADS
14 18 (0.97%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 18 (0.97%) SLA
15 15 (0.81%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 14 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27005
17 13 (0.70%) Data Quality
System Software
1 132 (7.12%) Docker
2 100 (5.39%) Active Directory
3 56 (3.02%) VMware Infrastructure
4 33 (1.78%) Hyper-V
5 14 (0.75%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (0.59%) RACF
7 10 (0.54%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 10 (0.54%) vCloud
8 7 (0.38%) iptables
9 5 (0.27%) VMware Workstation
10 4 (0.22%) Firmware
10 4 (0.22%) KVM
10 4 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
10 4 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (0.22%) Xen
11 3 (0.16%) BitLocker
11 3 (0.16%) HDFS
11 3 (0.16%) VMware NSX
11 3 (0.16%) vSphere
12 2 (0.11%) Squid
Systems Management
1 152 (8.19%) Kubernetes
2 136 (7.33%) Terraform
3 105 (5.66%) Ansible
4 40 (2.16%) Single Sign-On
5 30 (1.62%) Puppet
6 29 (1.56%) Microsoft Intune
7 19 (1.02%) Nessus
7 19 (1.02%) QRadar
8 16 (0.86%) SCCM
9 13 (0.70%) CSIRT
10 11 (0.59%) Kibana
10 11 (0.59%) Prometheus
11 9 (0.49%) Grafana
12 8 (0.43%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 7 (0.38%) Network Intrusion Detection System
13 7 (0.38%) RSA Archer
14 6 (0.32%) EnCase
14 6 (0.32%) Jamf Pro
15 5 (0.27%) Consul
15 5 (0.27%) Fluentd
Vendors
1 196 (10.57%) Microsoft
2 110 (5.93%) Google
3 95 (5.12%) VMware
4 93 (5.01%) Splunk
5 82 (4.42%) Cisco
6 48 (2.59%) Red Hat
7 33 (1.78%) CyberArk
8 32 (1.73%) McAfee
9 30 (1.62%) Oracle
10 24 (1.29%) CheckPoint
11 23 (1.24%) SAP
12 21 (1.13%) ServiceNow
13 20 (1.08%) Palo Alto
14 18 (0.97%) Citrix
15 16 (0.86%) F5
16 15 (0.81%) ArcSight
17 14 (0.75%) Databricks
17 14 (0.75%) Symantec
18 13 (0.70%) CA
18 13 (0.70%) LogRhythm