Period
to 22 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 22 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cybersecurity
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 158 189 213
Rank change year-on-year +31 +24 +172
Contract jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,628 1,309 1,090
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.78% 1.43% 1.23%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.05% 1.66% 1.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 959 812 799
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
10th Percentile £381 £325 £318
90th Percentile £700 £675 £700
UK median daily rate £520 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +3.90% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 3 9
England median hourly rate £46.25 £25.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +85.00% -28.57% -15.66%
10th Percentile £16.81 £24.98 £30.85
90th Percentile £65.50 £81.00 £36.40
UK median hourly rate £46.25 £25.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +85.00% -28.57% -15.66%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,480 78,881 75,590
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.05% 85.99% 85.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 53,104 53,220 50,314
England median daily rate £475 £450 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +1.18%
10th Percentile £300 £286 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £617
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,955 1,851 2,143
England median hourly rate £23.50 £23.14 £23.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.56% -2.57% +3.26%
10th Percentile £11.44 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.75 £47.82
UK median hourly rate £23.49 £23.00 £23.10
% change year-on-year +2.13% -0.41% -1.72%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the England region over the 6 months to 22 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +43 837 £548 +9.50% 303
South East +50 252 £500 +5.82% 179
North of England +11 212 £500 +0.50% 142
South West +19 131 £500 +25.00% 115
Midlands +21 114 £473 -0.53% 130
Yorkshire -6 111 £550 +10.00% 57
North West +4 84 £500 +2.30% 77
West Midlands +9 82 £475 - 86
East of England -9 74 £500 +21.95% 68
East Midlands -3 26 £450 -5.26% 44
North East +9 18 £475 +295.83% 8
Cybersecurity
UK

For the 6 months to 22 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 429 (26.35%) Information Security
2 384 (23.59%) Finance
3 340 (20.88%) Agile Software Development
4 327 (20.09%) Security Cleared
5 286 (17.57%) CISSP
6 207 (12.71%) SC Cleared
7 197 (12.10%) CISM
8 191 (11.73%) SIEM
9 187 (11.49%) Security Architecture
10 183 (11.24%) Risk Management
11 182 (11.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 170 (10.44%) Penetration Testing
13 167 (10.26%) Firewall
13 167 (10.26%) Stakeholder Management
14 165 (10.14%) Java
15 164 (10.07%) Amazon AWS
16 162 (9.95%) Microsoft Azure
17 160 (9.83%) Python
18 159 (9.77%) Management Information System
18 159 (9.77%) Banking
19 153 (9.40%) Windows
20 152 (9.34%) Linux
21 143 (8.78%) Degree
22 139 (8.54%) GDPR
23 138 (8.48%) Analytics
24 134 (8.23%) Project Management
25 131 (8.05%) DevOps
26 127 (7.80%) Security Operations
27 125 (7.68%) CISA
28 122 (7.49%) Vulnerability Management

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (1.84%) Apache Spark
2 27 (1.66%) MS Exchange
3 19 (1.17%) Confluence
3 19 (1.17%) Elasticsearch
4 18 (1.11%) SharePoint
5 16 (0.98%) Apache
6 12 (0.74%) OpenStack
7 10 (0.61%) Skype for Business
8 8 (0.49%) Apache Solr
8 8 (0.49%) Exchange Server 2010
9 6 (0.37%) CMS
9 6 (0.37%) Tomcat
10 5 (0.31%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
11 3 (0.18%) Apache Pig
12 1 (0.061%) Cloud Foundry
12 1 (0.061%) IBM Domino
12 1 (0.061%) IIS
12 1 (0.061%) JBoss
12 1 (0.061%) nginx
12 1 (0.061%) WebSphere
Applications
1 41 (2.52%) Microsoft Office
2 36 (2.21%) Microsoft Excel
3 33 (2.03%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 10 (0.61%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
6 5 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.12%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.061%) Acrobat
8 1 (0.061%) Camtasia
8 1 (0.061%) InVision
Business Applications
1 11 (0.68%) Oracle EBS R12
1 11 (0.68%) Oracle FAH
2 8 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.18%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.061%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.061%) Primavera
5 1 (0.061%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.061%) SAP IS-U
5 1 (0.061%) SystmOne
5 1 (0.061%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 164 (10.07%) Amazon AWS
2 162 (9.95%) Microsoft Azure
3 51 (3.13%) IaaS
4 49 (3.01%) PaaS
5 41 (2.52%) SaaS
6 39 (2.40%) Office 365
7 36 (2.21%) Google Cloud Platform
8 30 (1.84%) Cloud Computing
8 30 (1.84%) Mimecast
9 21 (1.29%) Azure Active Directory
10 15 (0.92%) AWS CloudFormation
11 14 (0.86%) npm
12 9 (0.55%) GitHub
13 7 (0.43%) Datadog
14 6 (0.37%) Akamai
15 4 (0.25%) Amazon EC2
15 4 (0.25%) Amazon S3
15 4 (0.25%) AWS Lambda
15 4 (0.25%) GoToWebinar
15 4 (0.25%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 167 (10.26%) Firewall
2 87 (5.34%) Network Security
3 53 (3.26%) Internet
3 53 (3.26%) LAN
4 50 (3.07%) DNS
5 47 (2.89%) VPN
5 47 (2.89%) WAN
6 34 (2.09%) Intrusion Detection
7 32 (1.97%) TCP/IP
8 28 (1.72%) HTTP
9 24 (1.47%) VoIP
10 23 (1.41%) Wireless
11 18 (1.11%) SNMP
12 15 (0.92%) SSL
13 12 (0.74%) SAN
13 12 (0.74%) Skype
14 11 (0.68%) 802.11
15 10 (0.61%) Cisco Nexus
15 10 (0.61%) Unified Communications
16 9 (0.55%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 112 (6.88%) Big Data
2 53 (3.26%) Hadoop
3 27 (1.66%) SQL Server
4 23 (1.41%) Relational Database
5 20 (1.23%) Apache Hive
6 15 (0.92%) HBase
7 12 (0.74%) MySQL
7 12 (0.74%) PostgreSQL
8 11 (0.68%) Essbase
8 11 (0.68%) Impala
8 11 (0.68%) Oracle BI EE
9 9 (0.55%) Apache Cassandra
9 9 (0.55%) Oracle Database
10 8 (0.49%) Blockchain
10 8 (0.49%) NoSQL
10 8 (0.49%) QlikView
11 7 (0.43%) Data Lake
11 7 (0.43%) Data Warehouse
11 7 (0.43%) Redis
12 6 (0.37%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 46 (2.83%) Git (software)
2 44 (2.70%) Jenkins
3 33 (2.03%) JIRA
3 33 (2.03%) Selenium
4 22 (1.35%) Cucumber
5 19 (1.17%) Metasploit
6 18 (1.11%) Maven
7 15 (0.92%) Burp Suite
8 14 (0.86%) gulp
9 12 (0.74%) GoCD
9 12 (0.74%) Octopus Deploy
9 12 (0.74%) Sonatype Nexus
10 11 (0.68%) Jasmine
10 11 (0.68%) Mocha
11 9 (0.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 9 (0.55%) Grunt
12 8 (0.49%) Bitbucket
13 6 (0.37%) JMeter
13 6 (0.37%) WebDriver
14 4 (0.25%) Subversion
General
1 384 (23.59%) Finance
2 159 (9.77%) Banking
3 88 (5.41%) Financial Institution
4 67 (4.12%) Legal
5 59 (3.62%) Law
5 59 (3.62%) Retail
6 47 (2.89%) Telecoms
7 44 (2.70%) Investment Banking
8 29 (1.78%) Manufacturing
9 20 (1.23%) Retail Banking
10 15 (0.92%) Marketing
11 13 (0.80%) Pharmaceutical
12 11 (0.68%) Back Office
13 10 (0.61%) Automotive
14 7 (0.43%) Electronics
14 7 (0.43%) Publishing
15 3 (0.18%) Advertising
15 3 (0.18%) Aerospace
16 2 (0.12%) International Banking
16 2 (0.12%) Military
Job Titles
1 253 (15.54%) Analyst
2 214 (13.14%) Architect
3 202 (12.41%) Consultant
4 160 (9.83%) Security Consultant
5 158 (9.71%) Security Analyst
6 155 (9.52%) Security Manager
7 148 (9.09%) Security Architect
8 136 (8.35%) Developer
9 127 (7.80%) Project Manager
10 125 (7.68%) Security Engineer
11 105 (6.45%) Cybersecurity Analyst
12 98 (6.02%) Cybersecurity Manager
13 96 (5.90%) Cybersecurity Consultant
14 93 (5.71%) Business Analyst
15 78 (4.79%) Security Project Manager
16 55 (3.38%) Project Manager - Cybersecurity
16 55 (3.38%) Security Specialist
17 48 (2.95%) Cybersecurity Engineer
17 48 (2.95%) Solutions Architect
18 47 (2.89%) Cybersecurity Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (3.13%) .NET
2 47 (2.89%) Web Services
3 40 (2.46%) HTML
4 37 (2.27%) REST
5 35 (2.15%) AngularJS
6 34 (2.09%) Spring
7 29 (1.78%) Node.js
8 23 (1.41%) CSS
9 22 (1.35%) RESTful
10 21 (1.29%) Kafka
10 21 (1.29%) RAML
11 20 (1.23%) LDAP
12 19 (1.17%) HTML5
12 19 (1.17%) React
12 19 (1.17%) SAML
13 17 (1.04%) Sass
14 13 (0.80%) Java EE
15 12 (0.74%) OAuth
16 11 (0.68%) 802.1X
16 11 (0.68%) Regular Expression
Miscellaneous
1 159 (9.77%) Management Information System
2 101 (6.20%) Analytical Skills
3 84 (5.16%) Cyberthreat
4 76 (4.67%) Data Centre
5 60 (3.69%) Self-Motivation
6 42 (2.58%) Cyberattack
7 36 (2.21%) PKI
7 36 (2.21%) Security Operations Centre
8 30 (1.84%) Cyber Defence
8 30 (1.84%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 28 (1.72%) Public Cloud
10 23 (1.41%) Greenfield Project
10 23 (1.41%) Mobile App
10 23 (1.41%) User Experience
11 19 (1.17%) SCADA
12 14 (0.86%) Mainframe
13 13 (0.80%) Hybrid Cloud
14 11 (0.68%) Cybercrime
14 11 (0.68%) Virtual Team
14 11 (0.68%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 153 (9.40%) Windows
2 152 (9.34%) Linux
3 57 (3.50%) Unix
4 36 (2.21%) Windows Server
5 22 (1.35%) Windows 10
6 17 (1.04%) Apple iOS
7 14 (0.86%) Windows Server 2012
8 13 (0.80%) Android
9 12 (0.74%) Kali Linux
10 10 (0.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 9 (0.55%) Solaris
11 9 (0.55%) Windows 7
12 7 (0.43%) zOS
13 6 (0.37%) Mac OS X
13 6 (0.37%) Windows 8
14 5 (0.31%) Mac OS
14 5 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
15 4 (0.25%) CentOS
16 3 (0.18%) Ubuntu
17 2 (0.12%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 429 (26.35%) Information Security
2 340 (20.88%) Agile Software Development
3 191 (11.73%) SIEM
4 187 (11.49%) Security Architecture
5 183 (11.24%) Risk Management
6 170 (10.44%) Penetration Testing
7 167 (10.26%) Stakeholder Management
8 138 (8.48%) Analytics
9 134 (8.23%) Project Management
10 131 (8.05%) DevOps
11 127 (7.80%) Security Operations
12 122 (7.49%) Vulnerability Management
13 105 (6.45%) Data Protection
14 94 (5.77%) Identity Access Management
15 93 (5.71%) Change Management
16 89 (5.47%) Threat Intelligence
17 87 (5.34%) Scrum
18 86 (5.28%) Problem-Solving
19 85 (5.22%) ITIL
20 84 (5.16%) Information Assurance
Programming Languages
1 165 (10.14%) Java
2 160 (9.83%) Python
3 77 (4.73%) SQL
4 75 (4.61%) PowerShell
5 67 (4.12%) C#
6 59 (3.62%) JavaScript
7 51 (3.13%) Ruby
8 42 (2.58%) Bash Shell
9 39 (2.40%) C
10 35 (2.15%) Perl
11 17 (1.04%) Scala
12 16 (0.98%) C++
12 16 (0.98%) TypeScript
13 12 (0.74%) Lua
13 12 (0.74%) PHP
14 9 (0.55%) Go
15 7 (0.43%) JCL
15 7 (0.43%) REXX
16 4 (0.25%) R
17 3 (0.18%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 327 (20.09%) Security Cleared
2 286 (17.57%) CISSP
3 207 (12.71%) SC Cleared
4 197 (12.10%) CISM
5 143 (8.78%) Degree
6 125 (7.68%) CISA
7 110 (6.76%) DV Cleared
8 55 (3.38%) GIAC
9 53 (3.26%) SANS
10 51 (3.13%) CRISC
11 49 (3.01%) Cisco Certification
12 42 (2.58%) CEH
13 34 (2.09%) CESG Certified Professional
13 34 (2.09%) GCIH
14 29 (1.78%) Computer Science Degree
15 26 (1.60%) CREST Certified
16 25 (1.54%) ISEB
17 24 (1.47%) CCNP
18 23 (1.41%) CCNA
18 23 (1.41%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 182 (11.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 139 (8.54%) GDPR
3 60 (3.69%) PCI DSS
4 31 (1.90%) QA
5 26 (1.60%) COBIT
6 24 (1.47%) Cyber Essentials
7 23 (1.41%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 18 (1.11%) JSP 440
8 18 (1.11%) PMO
9 14 (0.86%) HMG Infosec
10 13 (0.80%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 12 (0.74%) Data Quality
12 11 (0.68%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 11 (0.68%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 11 (0.68%) SLA
13 8 (0.49%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 7 (0.43%) COSO
15 5 (0.31%) GxP
15 5 (0.31%) PSD2
16 3 (0.18%) NIST 800
System Software
1 94 (5.77%) Active Directory
2 54 (3.32%) Docker
3 17 (1.04%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.68%) HDFS
4 11 (0.68%) VMware ESXi
5 8 (0.49%) Firmware
6 7 (0.43%) ACF2
6 7 (0.43%) RACF
7 6 (0.37%) Apache Flume
7 6 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
8 5 (0.31%) Hyper-V
9 4 (0.25%) Virtual Desktop
9 4 (0.25%) vSphere
10 3 (0.18%) BitLocker
10 3 (0.18%) OpenAM
10 3 (0.18%) ProxySG
10 3 (0.18%) Snort
11 1 (0.061%) NDS
11 1 (0.061%) VMware Workstation
11 1 (0.061%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 42 (2.58%) Ansible
2 36 (2.21%) Puppet
3 34 (2.09%) Nessus
4 33 (2.03%) Kubernetes
5 31 (1.90%) Terraform
6 28 (1.72%) QRadar
7 25 (1.54%) Opscode Chef
8 24 (1.47%) SCCM
9 22 (1.35%) Single Sign-On
10 21 (1.29%) Network Intrusion Detection System
11 20 (1.23%) Host Intrusion Detection System
12 18 (1.11%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
13 17 (1.04%) CASB
14 16 (0.98%) Nmap
15 12 (0.74%) Hadoop YARN
15 12 (0.74%) Rundeck
16 11 (0.68%) Oozie
17 10 (0.61%) EnCase
17 10 (0.61%) Norton AntiVirus
18 9 (0.55%) McAfee ePO
Vendors
1 111 (6.82%) Microsoft
2 83 (5.10%) Splunk
3 62 (3.81%) Cisco
4 46 (2.83%) Oracle
5 38 (2.33%) ArcSight
6 35 (2.15%) McAfee
7 34 (2.09%) Google
8 29 (1.78%) AlienVault
9 28 (1.72%) VMware
10 26 (1.60%) CheckPoint
10 26 (1.60%) Qualys
11 25 (1.54%) SAP
12 24 (1.47%) Symantec
13 23 (1.41%) MuleSoft
14 22 (1.35%) IBM
15 19 (1.17%) Citrix
16 18 (1.11%) Forcepoint
16 18 (1.11%) Red Hat
17 17 (1.04%) Darktrace
17 17 (1.04%) Proofpoint