Period
to 9 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 9 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cybersecurity
UK > England
6 months to
9 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 79 107 127
Rank change year-on-year +28 +20 +37
Contract jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,307 1,059 1,754
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.94% 2.27% 2.08%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.36% 2.66% 2.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 942 689 1,104
10th Percentile £350 £363 £383
25th Percentile £425 £431 £453
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year -2.38% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £613 £625 £625
90th Percentile £725 £728 £714
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 25 7
10th Percentile £16.65 £27.08 £39.35
25th Percentile £25.50 £45.00 £41.25
Median hourly rate £47.50 £52.50 £46.00
Median % change year-on-year -9.52% +14.13% +6.98%
75th Percentile £61.59 £57.50 £51.25
90th Percentile £65.00 £62.31 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £53.00 £46.00
% change year-on-year -10.38% +15.22% +6.98%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 38,931 39,854 74,123
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.54% 85.58% 87.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,797 26,820 50,370
10th Percentile £308 £300 £306
25th Percentile £400 £388 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.70%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +3.16% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,226 1,165 1,790
10th Percentile £11.80 £12.36 £11.62
25th Percentile £15.50 £15.85 £14.50
Median hourly rate £25.00 £21.50 £22.65
Median % change year-on-year +16.28% -5.08% +6.21%
75th Percentile £46.44 £45.00 £45.00
90th Percentile £58.71 £53.90 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £26.50 £22.00 £22.93
% change year-on-year +20.45% -4.06% +11.01%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Daily rate trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 9 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 9 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the England region over the 6 months to 9 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +50 711 £528 -4.09% 200
South East +37 158 £432 -9.16% 103
South West +22 135 £525 +5.00% 76
North of England +20 121 £530 -5.78% 116
Midlands +21 85 £513 -2.38% 78
North West +11 73 £530 -13.04% 61
West Midlands +25 65 £500 -5.66% 52
Yorkshire +12 48 £531 +6.25% 49
East of England -17 32 £500 -4.76% 50
East Midlands +2 16 £475 -7.32% 26
Cybersecurity
UK

For the 6 months to 9 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 358 (27.39%) Finance
2 354 (27.08%) Security Cleared
3 307 (23.49%) Information Security
4 300 (22.95%) SC Cleared
5 270 (20.66%) Agile Software Development
6 255 (19.51%) Azure
7 233 (17.83%) Social Skills
8 203 (15.53%) CISSP
9 195 (14.92%) SIEM
10 189 (14.46%) Risk Management
11 169 (12.93%) Banking
12 166 (12.70%) AWS
13 162 (12.39%) DV Cleared
14 161 (12.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
15 157 (12.01%) NIST
16 142 (10.86%) Security Architecture
17 140 (10.71%) DevOps
18 138 (10.56%) Windows
19 135 (10.33%) Linux
19 135 (10.33%) Firewall
20 127 (9.72%) Stakeholder Management
21 126 (9.64%) Degree
22 125 (9.56%) Python
23 120 (9.18%) Network Security
24 119 (9.10%) Microsoft
25 118 (9.03%) CISM
26 114 (8.72%) Security Operations
27 111 (8.49%) Java
28 100 (7.65%) Splunk
28 100 (7.65%) Vulnerability Management

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 47 (3.60%) Apache
2 30 (2.30%) Confluence
3 25 (1.91%) SharePoint
4 12 (0.92%) Jadu
5 9 (0.69%) Apache Airflow
6 7 (0.54%) Anypoint
7 5 (0.38%) Elasticsearch
8 4 (0.31%) CMS
9 3 (0.23%) IIS
9 3 (0.23%) MS Exchange
9 3 (0.23%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.15%) Apache Spark
10 2 (0.15%) Exchange Server 2010
10 2 (0.15%) Moodle
10 2 (0.15%) OpenStack
11 1 (0.077%) Cloud Foundry
11 1 (0.077%) Jetty
11 1 (0.077%) SAS
11 1 (0.077%) WebSphere
Applications
1 30 (2.30%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (1.30%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (0.84%) MS Visio
4 10 (0.77%) Chatbot
4 10 (0.77%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.15%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.15%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.077%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.077%) Figma
7 1 (0.077%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 11 (0.84%) Sentinel
2 7 (0.54%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 2 (0.15%) Relativity
4 1 (0.077%) iTrent
4 1 (0.077%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.077%) SAP GRC
4 1 (0.077%) TrackWise
4 1 (0.077%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 255 (19.51%) Azure
2 166 (12.70%) AWS
3 92 (7.04%) GCP
4 62 (4.74%) Microsoft 365
5 54 (4.13%) SaaS
6 46 (3.52%) Serverless
7 36 (2.75%) PaaS
8 34 (2.60%) Azure Active Directory
9 32 (2.45%) Power Platform
10 28 (2.14%) IaaS
11 23 (1.76%) Cloud Computing
12 20 (1.53%) AWS CloudFormation
13 14 (1.07%) Azure Synapse Analytics
14 13 (0.99%) Akamai
15 10 (0.77%) Azure Sentinel
16 7 (0.54%) Azure Data Factory
16 7 (0.54%) GitHub
16 7 (0.54%) OpenShift
17 5 (0.38%) Amazon EC2
17 5 (0.38%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 135 (10.33%) Firewall
2 120 (9.18%) Network Security
3 42 (3.21%) Internet
4 35 (2.68%) TCP/IP
5 33 (2.52%) DNS
6 27 (2.07%) LAN
7 23 (1.76%) WAN
8 21 (1.61%) VPN
9 20 (1.53%) Intrusion Detection
10 16 (1.22%) HTTP
11 12 (0.92%) DHCP
12 10 (0.77%) IPv6
12 10 (0.77%) VoIP
13 9 (0.69%) X.509
14 8 (0.61%) Cisco ASA
14 8 (0.61%) SSH
15 7 (0.54%) Wireshark
16 6 (0.46%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
16 6 (0.46%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
16 6 (0.46%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (5.36%) Big Data
2 31 (2.37%) Power BI
3 28 (2.14%) Data Lake
3 28 (2.14%) SQL Server
4 26 (1.99%) Data Mining
5 17 (1.30%) NoSQL
6 16 (1.22%) Hadoop
7 14 (1.07%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 13 (0.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 11 (0.84%) MongoDB
10 9 (0.69%) PostgreSQL
10 9 (0.69%) Tableau
11 8 (0.61%) MySQL
12 7 (0.54%) Data Warehouse
13 6 (0.46%) Relational Database
14 4 (0.31%) BigQuery
14 4 (0.31%) OLAP
14 4 (0.31%) RDBMS
15 3 (0.23%) DTS
15 3 (0.23%) GIS
Development Applications
1 65 (4.97%) JIRA
2 40 (3.06%) Jenkins
3 23 (1.76%) GitLab
4 10 (0.77%) Git (software)
4 10 (0.77%) Hudson
5 6 (0.46%) CircleCI
5 6 (0.46%) Travis CI
6 5 (0.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 5 (0.38%) Bitbucket
6 5 (0.38%) Rational DOORS
7 4 (0.31%) Artifactory
7 4 (0.31%) Selenium
8 3 (0.23%) Cucumber
8 3 (0.23%) Maven
8 3 (0.23%) Postman
8 3 (0.23%) Sonatype Nexus
9 2 (0.15%) IDA Disassembler
9 2 (0.15%) SoapUI
9 2 (0.15%) Spinnaker
9 2 (0.15%) TeamCity
General
1 358 (27.39%) Finance
2 233 (17.83%) Social Skills
3 169 (12.93%) Banking
4 98 (7.50%) Analytical Skills
5 94 (7.19%) Public Sector
6 50 (3.83%) Telecoms
7 43 (3.29%) Legal
8 40 (3.06%) Marketing
9 33 (2.52%) Presentation Skills
10 32 (2.45%) Manufacturing
11 22 (1.68%) Electronics
12 21 (1.61%) Law
12 21 (1.61%) Organisational Skills
13 18 (1.38%) Local Government
14 16 (1.22%) Influencing Skills
15 15 (1.15%) International Banking
16 13 (0.99%) Retail
17 10 (0.77%) Financial Institution
18 6 (0.46%) Automotive
18 6 (0.46%) Military
Job Titles
1 223 (17.06%) Analyst
2 165 (12.62%) Architect
3 148 (11.32%) Consultant
4 145 (11.09%) Security Engineer
5 122 (9.33%) Security Analyst
6 119 (9.10%) Security Architect
7 115 (8.80%) Security Consultant
8 101 (7.73%) Security Manager
9 83 (6.35%) Cybersecurity Manager
10 72 (5.51%) Cybersecurity Analyst
11 69 (5.28%) Cybersecurity Engineer
12 63 (4.82%) Developer
13 57 (4.36%) Project Manager
14 56 (4.28%) Cybersecurity Consultant
15 45 (3.44%) Business Analyst
16 42 (3.21%) Software Engineer
17 37 (2.83%) Cloud Architect
18 33 (2.52%) Cloud Engineer
18 33 (2.52%) Security Project Manager
19 32 (2.45%) DV Cleared Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (4.51%) Kafka
2 53 (4.06%) Web Services
3 43 (3.29%) Apache NiFi
4 22 (1.68%) SAML
5 20 (1.53%) .NET
5 20 (1.53%) OAuth
6 19 (1.45%) CSS
6 19 (1.45%) HTML
6 19 (1.45%) RESTful
7 15 (1.15%) JSON
7 15 (1.15%) REST
7 15 (1.15%) SailPoint
8 13 (0.99%) CSS3
8 13 (0.99%) HTML5
9 12 (0.92%) LDAP
10 11 (0.84%) Twig
11 9 (0.69%) ModSecurity
11 9 (0.69%) React
11 9 (0.69%) Spring
11 9 (0.69%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 97 (7.42%) Management Information System
2 52 (3.98%) Cyberthreat
3 40 (3.06%) Security Operations Centre
4 35 (2.68%) Data Centre
5 32 (2.45%) Self-Motivation
6 27 (2.07%) Cyber Kill Chain
7 26 (1.99%) Cyber Defence
8 24 (1.84%) Public Cloud
9 23 (1.76%) Cyberattack
10 22 (1.68%) PKI
11 20 (1.53%) CESG
11 20 (1.53%) User Experience
12 19 (1.45%) Virtual Team
13 18 (1.38%) Data Structures
14 16 (1.22%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 14 (1.07%) Cybercrime
15 14 (1.07%) Mobile App
16 13 (0.99%) CESG CLAS
16 13 (0.99%) Social Media
17 10 (0.77%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 138 (10.56%) Windows
2 135 (10.33%) Linux
3 41 (3.14%) Windows Server
4 39 (2.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 26 (1.99%) Unix
6 22 (1.68%) CentOS
7 11 (0.84%) Apple iOS
8 10 (0.77%) Mac OS
9 8 (0.61%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
9 8 (0.61%) Windows Server 2008
10 7 (0.54%) Android
10 7 (0.54%) Windows 10
11 4 (0.31%) Windows 7
11 4 (0.31%) Windows Server 2016
12 3 (0.23%) Debian
12 3 (0.23%) Kali Linux
12 3 (0.23%) Ubuntu
12 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2003
12 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.15%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 307 (23.49%) Information Security
2 270 (20.66%) Agile Software Development
3 195 (14.92%) SIEM
4 189 (14.46%) Risk Management
5 142 (10.86%) Security Architecture
6 140 (10.71%) DevOps
7 127 (9.72%) Stakeholder Management
8 114 (8.72%) Security Operations
9 100 (7.65%) Vulnerability Management
10 96 (7.35%) Identity Access Management
10 96 (7.35%) Problem-Solving
11 90 (6.89%) Change Management
12 88 (6.73%) Project Management
13 82 (6.27%) Use Case
14 77 (5.89%) Threat Intelligence
15 76 (5.81%) SDLC
16 74 (5.66%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
16 74 (5.66%) Scrum
16 74 (5.66%) Software Engineering
17 73 (5.59%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 125 (9.56%) Python
2 111 (8.49%) Java
3 81 (6.20%) SQL
4 62 (4.74%) PowerShell
5 38 (2.91%) JavaScript
6 36 (2.75%) C++
7 19 (1.45%) C
8 18 (1.38%) Bash Shell
9 16 (1.22%) Go
9 16 (1.22%) R
10 14 (1.07%) Scala
11 13 (0.99%) C#
12 12 (0.92%) PHP
13 9 (0.69%) T-SQL
14 8 (0.61%) Perl
15 7 (0.54%) MATLAB
15 7 (0.54%) Ruby
16 6 (0.46%) PL/SQL
16 6 (0.46%) VBScript
17 5 (0.38%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 354 (27.08%) Security Cleared
2 300 (22.95%) SC Cleared
3 203 (15.53%) CISSP
4 162 (12.39%) DV Cleared
5 126 (9.64%) Degree
6 118 (9.03%) CISM
7 61 (4.67%) CESG Certified Professional
8 39 (2.98%) CISA
9 33 (2.52%) CRISC
10 26 (1.99%) SANS
11 24 (1.84%) CREST Certified
12 21 (1.61%) FFIEC
12 21 (1.61%) GIAC
13 17 (1.30%) Computer Science Degree
14 15 (1.15%) CEH
14 15 (1.15%) Cisco Certification
14 15 (1.15%) TOGAF Certification
15 14 (1.07%) CLAS
15 14 (1.07%) CompTIA Security+
15 14 (1.07%) GCIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 161 (12.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 157 (12.01%) NIST
3 60 (4.59%) NCSC
4 50 (3.83%) PCI DSS
5 47 (3.60%) GDPR
6 41 (3.14%) Cyber Essentials
7 39 (2.98%) QA
8 37 (2.83%) COBIT
9 31 (2.37%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 29 (2.22%) RMADS
11 28 (2.14%) GRC
12 27 (2.07%) JSP 440
13 23 (1.76%) SLA
14 21 (1.61%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 17 (1.30%) NIST 800
16 15 (1.15%) Data Quality
17 13 (0.99%) PMO
18 8 (0.61%) Sarbanes-Oxley
19 7 (0.54%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
20 6 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 17025
System Software
1 75 (5.74%) Active Directory
2 66 (5.05%) Docker
3 26 (1.99%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.61%) iptables
5 7 (0.54%) Hyper-V
6 6 (0.46%) VMware NSX
6 6 (0.46%) vSphere
7 5 (0.38%) BitLocker
8 4 (0.31%) EMC RecoverPoint
8 4 (0.31%) Terminal Server
9 3 (0.23%) ProxySG
9 3 (0.23%) Snort
9 3 (0.23%) XenDesktop
10 2 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.077%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 1 (0.077%) NDS
11 1 (0.077%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.077%) Virtual Machines
11 1 (0.077%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.077%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 69 (5.28%) Kubernetes
2 62 (4.74%) Terraform
3 56 (4.28%) Ansible
4 35 (2.68%) Single Sign-On
5 14 (1.07%) Opscode Chef
5 14 (1.07%) Puppet
6 13 (0.99%) Nessus
7 12 (0.92%) EnCase
7 12 (0.92%) SCCM
8 11 (0.84%) CASB
9 8 (0.61%) Network Intrusion Detection System
9 8 (0.61%) vRealize
10 7 (0.54%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
11 6 (0.46%) FTK
12 5 (0.38%) Istio
12 5 (0.38%) McAfee ePO
12 5 (0.38%) QRadar
12 5 (0.38%) SolarWinds Orion
13 4 (0.31%) Microsoft Intune
13 4 (0.31%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 119 (9.10%) Microsoft
2 100 (7.65%) Splunk
3 79 (6.04%) Cisco
4 70 (5.36%) Google
5 42 (3.21%) VMware
6 38 (2.91%) Red Hat
7 29 (2.22%) Palo Alto
7 29 (2.22%) SAP
8 26 (1.99%) Oracle
9 25 (1.91%) LogRhythm
10 24 (1.84%) Fortinet
10 24 (1.84%) ServiceNow
11 21 (1.61%) Databricks
12 20 (1.53%) IBM
13 16 (1.22%) Remedy
14 15 (1.15%) CheckPoint
14 15 (1.15%) F5
14 15 (1.15%) Qualys
15 14 (1.07%) CyberArk
15 14 (1.07%) McAfee