Period
to 21 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 21 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 209 196 269
Rank change year-on-year -13 +73 -60
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 1,938 1,025 1,429
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.74% 1.80% 1.22%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 11.40% 14.17% 9.20%
Number of salaries quoted 1,171 597 1,119
10th Percentile £31,250 £35,750 £32,600
25th Percentile £42,500 £44,000 £42,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year -0.90% +0.91% +4.76%
75th Percentile £71,250 £73,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £89,250 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year - - +4.76%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 17,004 7,234 15,531
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 15.28% 12.71% 13.30%
Number of salaries quoted 11,065 5,530 12,099
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £28,750
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £73,000 £70,000 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £83,750 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in England

GDPR
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR in England.

Salary trend for GDPR in England

GDPR
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Salary histogram for GDPR in England

GDPR
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the England region over the 6 months to 21 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -15 812 £60,000 -7.69% 124
South East -59 379 £60,000 +3.45% 69
North of England -16 269 £45,000 -5.26% 67
Midlands -16 234 £47,500 +5.56% 51
West Midlands -7 182 £45,500 +1.11% 30
North West +8 175 £44,500 -6.32% 32
South West +12 146 £50,000 +1.01% 40
East of England -41 83 £49,000 -2.00% 23
Yorkshire -44 75 £45,000 -5.26% 27
East Midlands -31 50 £50,000 +11.11% 21
North East -19 19 £43,441 +32.53% 8
GDPR
UK

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for GDPR.

1 764 (39.42%) Social Skills
2 642 (33.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 531 (27.40%) Data Protection
4 517 (26.68%) Finance
5 504 (26.01%) Information Security
6 487 (25.13%) Microsoft
7 448 (23.12%) Cybersecurity
8 437 (22.55%) Azure
9 379 (19.56%) Agile Software Development
10 346 (17.85%) NIST
11 320 (16.51%) SQL
12 313 (16.15%) Problem-Solving
13 302 (15.58%) Legal
14 295 (15.22%) Management Information System
15 279 (14.40%) Risk Management
16 276 (14.24%) Cyber Essentials
17 272 (14.04%) Analytics
18 268 (13.83%) Degree
19 267 (13.78%) AWS
20 260 (13.42%) Analytical Skills
21 259 (13.36%) Windows
22 247 (12.75%) Microsoft 365
23 241 (12.44%) PCI DSS
24 240 (12.38%) SIEM
25 234 (12.07%) CISSP
26 229 (11.82%) Business Intelligence
27 225 (11.61%) Vulnerability Management
28 213 (10.99%) DevOps
29 208 (10.73%) ITIL
30 200 (10.32%) Data Management

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 95 (4.90%) SharePoint
2 50 (2.58%) MS Exchange
3 38 (1.96%) CMS
4 36 (1.86%) Elasticsearch
5 32 (1.65%) SAS
6 31 (1.60%) Apache Spark
7 22 (1.14%) Confluence
8 21 (1.08%) Apache
9 17 (0.88%) Apache Airflow
10 16 (0.83%) WordPress
11 10 (0.52%) Umbraco
12 9 (0.46%) Exchange Server 2013
13 7 (0.36%) IIS
14 4 (0.21%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
14 4 (0.21%) Skype for Business
15 3 (0.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 2 (0.10%) EPiServer
16 2 (0.10%) Mendix
16 2 (0.10%) Office Communications Server
16 2 (0.10%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 147 (7.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 67 (3.46%) Microsoft Office
3 48 (2.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 22 (1.14%) SPSS
5 14 (0.72%) Campfire
6 10 (0.52%) MS Visio
7 8 (0.41%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.10%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.10%) Oracle Smart View
9 1 (0.052%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.052%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 25 (1.29%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.67%) Dynamics NAV
3 8 (0.41%) NetSuite
3 8 (0.41%) Payment Gateway
3 8 (0.41%) Workday HCM
4 7 (0.36%) Dynamics AX
5 6 (0.31%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 5 (0.26%) iTrent
6 5 (0.26%) Magento
7 4 (0.21%) Elite 3E
8 3 (0.15%) Eloqua
8 3 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
9 2 (0.10%) assyst
9 2 (0.10%) IBM Planning Analytics
9 2 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
9 2 (0.10%) Oracle General Ledger
9 2 (0.10%) Oracle Payables
9 2 (0.10%) Oracle Receivables
9 2 (0.10%) SAP Business One
9 2 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 437 (22.55%) Azure
2 267 (13.78%) AWS
3 247 (12.75%) Microsoft 365
4 183 (9.44%) Power Platform
5 136 (7.02%) GCP
6 83 (4.28%) Azure Active Directory
7 78 (4.02%) GitHub
8 67 (3.46%) Serverless
9 56 (2.89%) SaaS
10 43 (2.22%) PaaS
11 41 (2.12%) Snowflake
12 34 (1.75%) IaaS
13 32 (1.65%) Cloud Computing
14 27 (1.39%) Dynamics 365
15 19 (0.98%) Azure Data Factory
16 17 (0.88%) PowerApps
17 16 (0.83%) Power Automate
18 14 (0.72%) npm
19 13 (0.67%) Google Workspace
19 13 (0.67%) Mimecast
Communications & Networking
1 181 (9.34%) Firewall
2 72 (3.72%) Network Security
3 59 (3.04%) VPN
4 45 (2.32%) DNS
5 35 (1.81%) DHCP
5 35 (1.81%) WAN
6 33 (1.70%) Intrusion Detection
7 28 (1.44%) LAN
8 27 (1.39%) SSL
8 27 (1.39%) VoIP
9 26 (1.34%) Internet
9 26 (1.34%) TCP/IP
10 24 (1.24%) Broadband
11 22 (1.14%) SAN
12 20 (1.03%) HTTP
13 18 (0.93%) Wireless
14 14 (0.72%) Cisco IPT
14 14 (0.72%) Unified Communications
15 12 (0.62%) HTTPS
16 10 (0.52%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 174 (8.98%) Power BI
2 150 (7.74%) SQL Server
3 143 (7.38%) Data Warehouse
4 101 (5.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 90 (4.64%) Relational Database
6 73 (3.77%) NoSQL
7 71 (3.66%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 67 (3.46%) Big Data
9 57 (2.94%) Tableau
10 55 (2.84%) PostgreSQL
11 47 (2.43%) SQL Server 2016
12 39 (2.01%) Oracle Reports
13 37 (1.91%) Data Lake
14 32 (1.65%) OLAP
15 31 (1.60%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 29 (1.50%) QlikView
17 28 (1.44%) Hadoop
17 28 (1.44%) Metadata
17 28 (1.44%) OLTP
18 25 (1.29%) Oracle OLAP
Development Applications
1 71 (3.66%) JIRA
2 58 (2.99%) Git (software)
3 38 (1.96%) Jenkins
4 25 (1.29%) Visual Studio
4 25 (1.29%) VSS/SourceSafe
5 21 (1.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 21 (1.08%) SonarQube
6 18 (0.93%) GitLab
7 17 (0.88%) Burp Suite
8 16 (0.83%) Cypress.io
8 16 (0.83%) Team Foundation Server
9 12 (0.62%) fastlane
10 11 (0.57%) CircleCI
10 11 (0.57%) ESLint
10 11 (0.57%) Subversion
11 9 (0.46%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
12 8 (0.41%) Postman
12 8 (0.41%) TeamCity
13 7 (0.36%) Emacs
13 7 (0.36%) webpack
General
1 764 (39.42%) Social Skills
2 517 (26.68%) Finance
3 302 (15.58%) Legal
4 260 (13.42%) Analytical Skills
5 161 (8.31%) Police
6 156 (8.05%) Banking
7 129 (6.66%) Digital Economy
8 120 (6.19%) Marketing
9 115 (5.93%) Organisational Skills
10 110 (5.68%) Retail
11 92 (4.75%) Law
12 81 (4.18%) Presentation Skills
13 72 (3.72%) Games
14 70 (3.61%) Manufacturing
15 69 (3.56%) Influencing Skills
16 50 (2.58%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 40 (2.06%) Public Sector
18 39 (2.01%) Telecoms
19 38 (1.96%) Pharmaceutical
20 27 (1.39%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 338 (17.44%) Analyst
2 216 (11.15%) Architect
3 159 (8.20%) Security Architect
4 152 (7.84%) Consultant
5 111 (5.73%) Developer
6 106 (5.47%) Security Analyst
7 90 (4.64%) Security Manager
8 88 (4.54%) Security Consultant
9 76 (3.92%) IT Manager
10 75 (3.87%) Data Engineer
11 66 (3.41%) Data Analyst
12 62 (3.20%) Cybersecurity Consultant
13 60 (3.10%) IT Analyst
14 59 (3.04%) Security Officer
15 57 (2.94%) Team Leader
16 52 (2.68%) Security Engineer
17 51 (2.63%) Administrator
18 50 (2.58%) Data Manager
19 45 (2.32%) Information Manager
20 44 (2.27%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (3.04%) .NET
2 53 (2.73%) HTML
3 51 (2.63%) React
4 48 (2.48%) Node.js
5 42 (2.17%) CSS
6 36 (1.86%) OpenID
7 35 (1.81%) OAuth
8 26 (1.34%) AngularJS
9 25 (1.29%) MDX
10 23 (1.19%) Kafka
11 22 (1.14%) OAuth2
12 20 (1.03%) JSON
13 17 (0.88%) Apache Beam
13 17 (0.88%) ASP.NET
14 16 (0.83%) RESTful
14 16 (0.83%) Sass
15 14 (0.72%) Elastic Stack
15 14 (0.72%) REST
16 13 (0.67%) LDAP
16 13 (0.67%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 295 (15.22%) Management Information System
2 157 (8.10%) Smart Meter
3 156 (8.05%) Data Protection Act
4 95 (4.90%) Self-Motivation
5 52 (2.68%) NHS
6 49 (2.53%) User Experience
7 45 (2.32%) Life Science
8 41 (2.12%) Mobile App
9 28 (1.44%) Public Cloud
10 26 (1.34%) Clustering
10 26 (1.34%) Social Media
11 24 (1.24%) Cloud Native
11 24 (1.24%) Cyberthreat
11 24 (1.24%) Hedge funds
11 24 (1.24%) Reference Data
12 19 (0.98%) Freedom of Information
12 19 (0.98%) PKI
12 19 (0.98%) Virtual Team
13 17 (0.88%) Data Centre
13 17 (0.88%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 259 (13.36%) Windows
2 85 (4.39%) Windows Server
3 83 (4.28%) Linux
4 77 (3.97%) Windows 10
5 24 (1.24%) Windows Server 2016
6 23 (1.19%) Mac OS
7 18 (0.93%) Apple iOS
7 18 (0.93%) Kali Linux
8 15 (0.77%) Android
8 15 (0.77%) Unix
9 14 (0.72%) Windows 7
9 14 (0.72%) Windows Server 2012
10 12 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
11 11 (0.57%) Solaris
12 8 (0.41%) Windows Server 2019
13 5 (0.26%) AIX
13 5 (0.26%) zOS
14 4 (0.21%) CentOS
14 4 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 3 (0.15%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 531 (27.40%) Data Protection
2 504 (26.01%) Information Security
3 448 (23.12%) Cybersecurity
4 379 (19.56%) Agile Software Development
5 313 (16.15%) Problem-Solving
6 279 (14.40%) Risk Management
7 272 (14.04%) Analytics
8 240 (12.38%) SIEM
9 229 (11.82%) Business Intelligence
10 225 (11.61%) Vulnerability Management
11 213 (10.99%) DevOps
12 208 (10.73%) ITIL
13 200 (10.32%) Data Management
14 184 (9.49%) Data Privacy
15 173 (8.93%) Security Testing
16 155 (8.00%) Data Security
17 147 (7.59%) Project Management
18 144 (7.43%) Stakeholder Management
19 140 (7.22%) Continuous Improvement
20 138 (7.12%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 320 (16.51%) SQL
2 186 (9.60%) Python
3 93 (4.80%) PowerShell
4 89 (4.59%) C#
5 73 (3.77%) JavaScript
6 65 (3.35%) R
7 56 (2.89%) Java
8 51 (2.63%) TypeScript
9 50 (2.58%) T-SQL
10 29 (1.50%) C++
11 25 (1.29%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
12 21 (1.08%) Bash
12 21 (1.08%) C
13 20 (1.03%) Scala
14 14 (0.72%) VBA
15 7 (0.36%) Kotlin
15 7 (0.36%) VB.NET
16 6 (0.31%) Perl
17 5 (0.26%) Ruby
18 4 (0.21%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 268 (13.83%) Degree
2 234 (12.07%) CISSP
3 146 (7.53%) CISM
4 88 (4.54%) Security Cleared
5 62 (3.20%) CISA
6 59 (3.04%) Cisco Certification
7 52 (2.68%) Computer Science Degree
8 34 (1.75%) CRISC
9 33 (1.70%) SC Cleared
10 32 (1.65%) Master's Degree
11 24 (1.24%) Microsoft Certification
12 22 (1.14%) CompTIA Security+
12 22 (1.14%) OSCP
13 21 (1.08%) CCNA
14 20 (1.03%) PCI QSA
15 19 (0.98%) SANS
16 18 (0.93%) ITIL Certification
16 18 (0.93%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
17 17 (0.88%) CASP
17 17 (0.88%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 642 (33.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 346 (17.85%) NIST
3 276 (14.24%) Cyber Essentials
4 241 (12.44%) PCI DSS
5 175 (9.03%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 124 (6.40%) QA
7 113 (5.83%) Data Quality
8 88 (4.54%) HIPAA
9 82 (4.23%) SLA
10 55 (2.84%) COBIT
10 55 (2.84%) GRC
11 52 (2.68%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 33 (1.70%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 29 (1.50%) SOC 2
14 18 (0.93%) Accessibility
14 18 (0.93%) ISO 22301
15 17 (0.88%) IASME
16 15 (0.77%) ISAE 3402
16 15 (0.77%) NCSC
17 14 (0.72%) PMO
System Software
1 172 (8.88%) Active Directory
2 66 (3.41%) Docker
3 53 (2.73%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (0.83%) Hyper-V
5 9 (0.46%) vSphere
6 8 (0.41%) BitLocker
6 8 (0.41%) Virtual Servers
7 7 (0.36%) Virtual Desktop
8 6 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (0.26%) OpenAM
9 5 (0.26%) OpenIDM
9 5 (0.26%) RACF
10 4 (0.21%) NFS
10 4 (0.21%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 4 (0.21%) XenApp
10 4 (0.21%) XenDesktop
11 3 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
12 1 (0.052%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 1 (0.052%) KVM
12 1 (0.052%) LXC
Systems Management
1 88 (4.54%) Kubernetes
2 34 (1.75%) Single Sign-On
3 28 (1.44%) Terraform
4 27 (1.39%) Ansible
5 20 (1.03%) Grafana
6 19 (0.98%) Prometheus
7 17 (0.88%) Microsoft Intune
7 17 (0.88%) SCCM
8 15 (0.77%) Kibana
9 14 (0.72%) CASB
10 12 (0.62%) Graylog
11 9 (0.46%) Oracle EDQ
11 9 (0.46%) SCOM
12 6 (0.31%) McAfee ePO
12 6 (0.31%) NetBackup
12 6 (0.31%) Puppet
13 5 (0.26%) CA Single Sign-On
13 5 (0.26%) Cisco CUCM
13 5 (0.26%) Oracle Identity Management
14 4 (0.21%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 487 (25.13%) Microsoft
2 106 (5.47%) Salesforce.com
3 101 (5.21%) Oracle
4 97 (5.01%) Google
5 57 (2.94%) VMware
6 48 (2.48%) SAP
7 38 (1.96%) Cisco
8 36 (1.86%) Citrix
9 30 (1.55%) Meraki
10 24 (1.24%) Apple
10 24 (1.24%) ServiceNow
11 23 (1.19%) Cognos
12 20 (1.03%) Veeam
13 16 (0.83%) HP
13 16 (0.83%) IBM
13 16 (0.83%) Splunk
14 15 (0.77%) EMC
15 14 (0.72%) Cognizant
16 12 (0.62%) ArcSight
16 12 (0.62%) LexisNexis