Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 234 247 246
Rank change year-on-year +13 -1 +12
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 1,509 867 1,898
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.51% 1.33% 1.41%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 10.88% 10.25% 9.93%
Number of salaries quoted 901 648 1,341
10th Percentile £31,250 £36,250 £33,750
25th Percentile £41,250 £45,000 £42,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £75,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 13,869 8,462 19,113
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 13.91% 13.00% 14.23%
Number of salaries quoted 8,965 6,625 14,253
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,500 £28,569
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £53,700 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.42% +7.40% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,250 £68,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £53,750 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% -

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in England

GDPR
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR in England.

Salary trend for GDPR in England

GDPR
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR in England over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Salary histogram for GDPR in England

GDPR
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the England region over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 683 £65,000 +8.33% 111
South East +5 261 £53,000 +1.92% 76
Midlands +1 199 £45,000 -14.29% 46
North of England -26 195 £45,000 -14.29% 103
West Midlands +8 161 £50,000 -4.76% 31
North West -41 96 £48,750 -7.14% 69
South West -20 95 £46,500 -15.45% 32
Yorkshire -12 78 £45,000 -10.00% 28
East of England +14 63 £62,500 +68.65% 16
East Midlands -33 38 £42,000 -12.50% 14
North East +3 21 £45,000 -11.33% 6
GDPR
UK

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for GDPR.

1 539 (35.72%) Social Skills
2 445 (29.49%) Data Protection
3 444 (29.42%) Microsoft
4 400 (26.51%) Finance
5 393 (26.04%) Azure
6 371 (24.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 365 (24.19%) Information Security
8 314 (20.81%) Problem-Solving
9 311 (20.61%) Agile Software Development
10 306 (20.28%) Cybersecurity
11 302 (20.01%) AWS
12 262 (17.36%) Business Intelligence
13 254 (16.83%) Analytics
14 248 (16.43%) Analytical Skills
15 243 (16.10%) DevOps
16 234 (15.51%) PCI DSS
17 214 (14.18%) Degree
18 211 (13.98%) Python
19 200 (13.25%) SQL
20 199 (13.19%) ITIL
21 187 (12.39%) Management Information System
22 186 (12.33%) Microsoft 365
23 179 (11.86%) GCP
24 177 (11.73%) Risk Management
25 174 (11.53%) CISSP
26 162 (10.74%) Legal
27 155 (10.27%) Data Science
28 154 (10.21%) Data Privacy
29 153 (10.14%) NIST
30 149 (9.87%) Windows

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 71 (4.71%) SharePoint
2 67 (4.44%) Apache
3 56 (3.71%) Apache Airflow
4 35 (2.32%) CMS
5 31 (2.05%) Elasticsearch
6 28 (1.86%) Apache Spark
7 25 (1.66%) Confluence
7 25 (1.66%) MS Exchange
8 14 (0.93%) Skype for Business
9 8 (0.53%) WordPress
10 7 (0.46%) Exchange Server 2013
11 5 (0.33%) Exchange Server 2010
11 5 (0.33%) nginx
12 4 (0.27%) IIS
13 3 (0.20%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 3 (0.20%) SAS
13 3 (0.20%) Umbraco
14 2 (0.13%) Kentico
14 2 (0.13%) Sitecore CMS
15 1 (0.066%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 104 (6.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 102 (6.76%) Microsoft Office
3 29 (1.92%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 28 (1.86%) Campfire
5 15 (0.99%) Oracle Smart View
6 12 (0.80%) MS Visio
7 5 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
8 4 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
9 3 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
9 3 (0.20%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.066%) Acrobat
10 1 (0.066%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.066%) Figma
10 1 (0.066%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 45 (2.98%) Oracle ERP
2 31 (2.05%) Dynamics CRM
3 25 (1.66%) Oracle Payables
4 23 (1.52%) Oracle Receivables
5 21 (1.39%) Payment Gateway
6 20 (1.33%) Oracle EBS
7 18 (1.19%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 16 (1.06%) Oracle Cash Management
9 15 (0.99%) Oracle General Ledger
10 11 (0.73%) Magento
11 9 (0.60%) SAP Business One
12 8 (0.53%) Dynamics NAV
13 7 (0.46%) Oracle 11i
13 7 (0.46%) Oracle EBS R12
14 5 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
14 5 (0.33%) NetSuite
15 4 (0.27%) Oracle Assets
16 3 (0.20%) Cloudability
16 3 (0.20%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
16 3 (0.20%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 393 (26.04%) Azure
2 302 (20.01%) AWS
3 186 (12.33%) Microsoft 365
4 179 (11.86%) GCP
5 118 (7.82%) Power Platform
6 108 (7.16%) Serverless
7 100 (6.63%) SaaS
8 53 (3.51%) GitHub
9 35 (2.32%) Cloud Functions
9 35 (2.32%) PaaS
10 30 (1.99%) Snowflake
11 29 (1.92%) AWS Lambda
11 29 (1.92%) npm
12 23 (1.52%) Dynamics 365
13 21 (1.39%) Cloud Computing
13 21 (1.39%) IaaS
14 18 (1.19%) OpenShift
15 17 (1.13%) Azure Active Directory
15 17 (1.13%) Google Workspace
16 12 (0.80%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 104 (6.89%) Firewall
2 41 (2.72%) Network Security
3 32 (2.12%) Broadband
4 31 (2.05%) VPN
5 27 (1.79%) DNS
5 27 (1.79%) WAN
6 24 (1.59%) Internet
7 22 (1.46%) TCP/IP
8 21 (1.39%) Cisco Nexus
9 19 (1.26%) LAN
10 16 (1.06%) Wireless
11 14 (0.93%) DHCP
11 14 (0.93%) SSL
12 11 (0.73%) SAN
13 10 (0.66%) Wi-Fi
14 9 (0.60%) Intrusion Detection
14 9 (0.60%) Skype
14 9 (0.60%) VoIP
15 8 (0.53%) DMZ
15 8 (0.53%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 129 (8.55%) SQL Server
2 112 (7.42%) Power BI
3 95 (6.30%) Data Warehouse
4 92 (6.10%) Big Data
5 82 (5.43%) NoSQL
6 68 (4.51%) Relational Database
7 52 (3.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 45 (2.98%) BigQuery
9 43 (2.85%) Data Mining
10 42 (2.78%) Metadata
10 42 (2.78%) PostgreSQL
11 41 (2.72%) Tableau
12 39 (2.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 38 (2.52%) MongoDB
14 35 (2.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 31 (2.05%) Hadoop
15 31 (2.05%) Oracle Reports
16 30 (1.99%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 22 (1.46%) SQL Server 2016
18 19 (1.26%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 93 (6.16%) Jenkins
2 55 (3.64%) JIRA
3 34 (2.25%) Git (software)
4 33 (2.19%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 33 (2.19%) SonarQube
5 21 (1.39%) Sonatype Nexus
6 20 (1.33%) ESLint
7 13 (0.86%) Oracle Forms
8 9 (0.60%) webpack
9 8 (0.53%) Bitbucket
10 6 (0.40%) CircleCI
10 6 (0.40%) Visual Studio
11 5 (0.33%) SoapUI
11 5 (0.33%) Travis CI
12 4 (0.27%) PHPUnit
12 4 (0.27%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
13 3 (0.20%) Android Studio
13 3 (0.20%) Appium
13 3 (0.20%) gulp
13 3 (0.20%) Mocha
General
1 539 (35.72%) Social Skills
2 400 (26.51%) Finance
3 248 (16.43%) Analytical Skills
4 162 (10.74%) Legal
5 106 (7.02%) Marketing
6 99 (6.56%) Retail
7 91 (6.03%) Digital Economy
8 85 (5.63%) Public Sector
9 82 (5.43%) Manufacturing
9 82 (5.43%) Presentation Skills
10 81 (5.37%) Influencing Skills
11 68 (4.51%) Telecoms
12 67 (4.44%) Organisational Skills
13 54 (3.58%) Games
13 54 (3.58%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 48 (3.18%) Law
15 44 (2.92%) Electronics
16 43 (2.85%) Banking
17 38 (2.52%) Police
18 37 (2.45%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 266 (17.63%) Analyst
2 174 (11.53%) Consultant
3 112 (7.42%) Developer
4 95 (6.30%) Architect
5 76 (5.04%) Security Consultant
6 72 (4.77%) Security Analyst
7 65 (4.31%) Security Engineer
8 60 (3.98%) Service Analyst
8 60 (3.98%) Service Desk Analyst
9 55 (3.64%) Data Engineer
10 53 (3.51%) Cloud Consultant
10 53 (3.51%) Data Analyst
10 53 (3.51%) Security Specialist
11 49 (3.25%) IT Manager
12 44 (2.92%) Security Manager
13 39 (2.58%) Solutions Architect
14 38 (2.52%) Cybersecurity Consultant
14 38 (2.52%) IT Analyst
14 38 (2.52%) Senior Consultant
15 37 (2.45%) Information Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 60 (3.98%) HTML
2 59 (3.91%) OAuth
3 58 (3.84%) Apache Beam
4 51 (3.38%) OAuth2
5 50 (3.31%) Node.js
6 49 (3.25%) .NET
6 49 (3.25%) CSS
7 45 (2.98%) AngularJS
8 44 (2.92%) Web Services
9 36 (2.39%) OpenID
10 35 (2.32%) Akka
11 32 (2.12%) Kafka
12 28 (1.86%) React
13 24 (1.59%) Sass
14 21 (1.39%) COM
14 21 (1.39%) jQuery
14 21 (1.39%) XML
15 20 (1.33%) Middleware
16 19 (1.26%) Vue.js
17 17 (1.13%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 187 (12.39%) Management Information System
2 83 (5.50%) Data Protection Act
3 68 (4.51%) Public Cloud
3 68 (4.51%) User Experience
4 59 (3.91%) Self-Motivation
5 41 (2.72%) Analytical Mindset
6 39 (2.58%) Virtual Team
7 33 (2.19%) Hedge funds
7 33 (2.19%) Smart Meter
8 31 (2.05%) Cloud Native
9 23 (1.52%) Reference Data
10 21 (1.39%) NHS
11 20 (1.33%) Data Structures
11 20 (1.33%) Freedom of Information
11 20 (1.33%) Life Science
12 18 (1.19%) Security Operations Centre
13 17 (1.13%) Driving Licence
13 17 (1.13%) Greenfield Project
14 14 (0.93%) Biotechnology
14 14 (0.93%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 149 (9.87%) Windows
2 63 (4.17%) Windows 10
3 44 (2.92%) Linux
3 44 (2.92%) Windows Server
4 24 (1.59%) Mac OS
5 23 (1.52%) Unix
6 21 (1.39%) Windows Server 2019
7 18 (1.19%) Windows Server 2012
8 12 (0.80%) Windows Server 2008
9 11 (0.73%) Android
10 10 (0.66%) Windows 7
10 10 (0.66%) Windows Server 2016
11 8 (0.53%) Solaris
12 5 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 5 (0.33%) Windows Server 2003
13 4 (0.27%) Apple iOS
13 4 (0.27%) Windows XP
14 2 (0.13%) AIX
14 2 (0.13%) Mac OS X
15 1 (0.066%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 445 (29.49%) Data Protection
2 365 (24.19%) Information Security
3 314 (20.81%) Problem-Solving
4 311 (20.61%) Agile Software Development
5 306 (20.28%) Cybersecurity
6 262 (17.36%) Business Intelligence
7 254 (16.83%) Analytics
8 243 (16.10%) DevOps
9 199 (13.19%) ITIL
10 177 (11.73%) Risk Management
11 155 (10.27%) Data Science
12 154 (10.21%) Data Privacy
13 126 (8.35%) Data Management
14 123 (8.15%) Project Management
15 119 (7.89%) ETL
16 114 (7.55%) Change Management
16 114 (7.55%) Decision-Making
17 113 (7.49%) Data Modelling
18 112 (7.42%) Continuous Improvement
19 103 (6.83%) OWASP
Programming Languages
1 211 (13.98%) Python
2 200 (13.25%) SQL
3 76 (5.04%) Java
4 74 (4.90%) JavaScript
5 72 (4.77%) C#
6 62 (4.11%) PowerShell
7 42 (2.78%) Scala
7 42 (2.78%) T-SQL
8 41 (2.72%) C++
9 34 (2.25%) C
10 33 (2.19%) TypeScript
11 21 (1.39%) R
12 18 (1.19%) Bash Shell
12 18 (1.19%) VBA
13 16 (1.06%) PHP
14 12 (0.80%) ES6
15 11 (0.73%) PL/SQL
16 8 (0.53%) Go
17 7 (0.46%) Shell Script
18 6 (0.40%) Google Apps Script
Qualifications
1 214 (14.18%) Degree
2 174 (11.53%) CISSP
3 145 (9.61%) CISM
4 109 (7.22%) Security Cleared
5 82 (5.43%) Cisco Certification
6 48 (3.18%) CISA
7 45 (2.98%) BPSS Clearance
7 45 (2.98%) Oracle Certification
8 38 (2.52%) SSCP
9 35 (2.32%) Master's Degree
10 32 (2.12%) CSSLP
11 30 (1.99%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 25 (1.66%) Computer Science Degree
13 23 (1.52%) ISEB
14 18 (1.19%) CCNA
14 18 (1.19%) CCNP
14 18 (1.19%) Numerate Degree
15 16 (1.06%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 15 (0.99%) OSCP
16 15 (0.99%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 371 (24.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 234 (15.51%) PCI DSS
3 153 (10.14%) NIST
4 124 (8.22%) QA
5 115 (7.62%) Cyber Essentials
6 98 (6.49%) SLA
7 79 (5.24%) Data Quality
8 58 (3.84%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 50 (3.31%) GRC
10 38 (2.52%) ISO 9001
11 37 (2.45%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 29 (1.92%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 28 (1.86%) COBIT
13 28 (1.86%) HIPAA
14 24 (1.59%) BS25999
15 21 (1.39%) WCAG
16 17 (1.13%) NCSC
17 14 (0.93%) SOC 2
18 13 (0.86%) ISO 22301
19 12 (0.80%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 95 (6.30%) Docker
2 94 (6.23%) Active Directory
3 35 (2.32%) Hyper-V
4 28 (1.86%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.80%) XenApp
5 12 (0.80%) XenDesktop
6 8 (0.53%) vSphere
7 7 (0.46%) BitLocker
7 7 (0.46%) NFS
8 5 (0.33%) Microsoft App-V
9 3 (0.20%) Firmware
10 2 (0.13%) LXC
10 2 (0.13%) Terminal Server
10 2 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.13%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.066%) HDFS
11 1 (0.066%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.066%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 141 (9.34%) Kubernetes
2 50 (3.31%) Terraform
3 39 (2.58%) Prometheus
4 35 (2.32%) Grafana
5 27 (1.79%) Ansible
6 18 (1.19%) CASB
7 16 (1.06%) Single Sign-On
8 10 (0.66%) Kibana
9 9 (0.60%) IBM BigFix
9 9 (0.60%) Microsoft Intune
10 8 (0.53%) Jamf Pro
10 8 (0.53%) SCCM
11 7 (0.46%) Backup Exec
12 5 (0.33%) HP ALM
12 5 (0.33%) HP Fortify
12 5 (0.33%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
12 5 (0.33%) WebInspect
13 4 (0.27%) Consul
13 4 (0.27%) linkerd
13 4 (0.27%) Oracle EDQ
Vendors
1 444 (29.42%) Microsoft
2 113 (7.49%) Oracle
3 112 (7.42%) Google
4 64 (4.24%) SAP
5 53 (3.51%) VMware
6 49 (3.25%) Salesforce.com
7 47 (3.11%) Cisco
8 37 (2.45%) Citrix
8 37 (2.45%) IBM
9 22 (1.46%) Apple
9 22 (1.46%) Meraki
9 22 (1.46%) Splunk
10 18 (1.19%) CyberArk
11 17 (1.13%) ForgeRock
11 17 (1.13%) HP
12 16 (1.06%) Informatica
12 16 (1.06%) ServiceNow
12 16 (1.06%) Sophos
13 15 (0.99%) Juniper
14 13 (0.86%) Avaya