Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 216 231 267
Rank change year-on-year +15 +36 -23
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 1,784 665 1,543
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.62% 1.49% 1.22%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 10.86% 12.00% 8.77%
Number of salaries quoted 1,122 478 1,166
10th Percentile £31,250 £35,500 £34,041
25th Percentile £41,250 £46,250 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £53,100 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year -3.45% - +1.85%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £76,250
90th Percentile £97,500 £89,125 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 16,433 5,540 17,600
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 14.90% 12.45% 13.97%
Number of salaries quoted 10,572 4,430 13,349
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £28,500
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £83,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £54,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +1.85% +8.00% -

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in England

GDPR
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR in England.

Salary trend for GDPR in England

GDPR
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for GDPR in England

GDPR
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the England region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 808 £65,000 - 153
South East -25 304 £51,250 -2.38% 82
North of England -6 250 £45,000 -10.00% 77
Midlands -36 185 £45,000 -12.62% 48
West Midlands -55 138 £45,000 -10.00% 32
South West -15 131 £47,500 -13.64% 22
North West -35 127 £45,000 -15.89% 52
Yorkshire -51 97 £45,000 -9.09% 16
East of England -32 80 £55,000 +48.41% 25
East Midlands -43 45 £45,000 -12.62% 16
North East -6 26 £45,000 +12.11% 9
GDPR
UK

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for GDPR.

1 679 (38.06%) Social Skills
2 600 (33.63%) Data Protection
3 516 (28.92%) Microsoft
4 486 (27.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 472 (26.46%) Finance
6 434 (24.33%) Azure
7 427 (23.93%) Information Security
8 396 (22.20%) Agile Software Development
9 385 (21.58%) Cybersecurity
10 359 (20.12%) Problem-Solving
11 322 (18.05%) AWS
12 300 (16.82%) Analytics
13 295 (16.54%) Analytical Skills
14 279 (15.64%) Degree
15 278 (15.58%) Management Information System
16 271 (15.19%) Business Intelligence
17 270 (15.13%) DevOps
18 265 (14.85%) SQL
19 248 (13.90%) Legal
20 245 (13.73%) Risk Management
21 234 (13.12%) Python
22 228 (12.78%) NIST
23 213 (11.94%) PCI DSS
24 206 (11.55%) Data Privacy
25 201 (11.27%) Microsoft 365
26 200 (11.21%) GCP
27 198 (11.10%) ITIL
28 197 (11.04%) Data Management
29 188 (10.54%) Cyber Essentials
30 183 (10.26%) CISSP

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (4.15%) SharePoint
2 58 (3.25%) Apache
3 47 (2.63%) Apache Airflow
4 38 (2.13%) CMS
5 37 (2.07%) MS Exchange
6 34 (1.91%) Confluence
7 32 (1.79%) Apache Spark
7 32 (1.79%) Elasticsearch
8 10 (0.56%) SAS
9 8 (0.45%) Skype for Business
10 7 (0.39%) WordPress
11 5 (0.28%) Exchange Server 2013
11 5 (0.28%) nginx
12 4 (0.22%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
12 4 (0.22%) Exchange Server 2010
13 3 (0.17%) IIS
13 3 (0.17%) Sitecore CMS
14 2 (0.11%) Drupal
14 2 (0.11%) Kentico
14 2 (0.11%) Umbraco
Applications
1 112 (6.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 109 (6.11%) Microsoft Office
3 49 (2.75%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 28 (1.57%) Campfire
5 7 (0.39%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.39%) Oracle Smart View
6 5 (0.28%) Figma
7 4 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.17%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.056%) Acrobat
9 1 (0.056%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.056%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 30 (1.68%) Dynamics CRM
2 26 (1.46%) Oracle ERP
2 26 (1.46%) Payment Gateway
3 15 (0.84%) IBM Planning Analytics
3 15 (0.84%) Oracle EBS
4 12 (0.67%) Oracle Payables
4 12 (0.67%) Oracle Receivables
5 10 (0.56%) Dynamics AX
6 9 (0.50%) Magento
6 9 (0.50%) NetSuite
7 8 (0.45%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 7 (0.39%) Oracle Cash Management
8 7 (0.39%) Oracle General Ledger
9 6 (0.34%) Dynamics NAV
9 6 (0.34%) SAP Business One
9 6 (0.34%) Workday HCM
10 4 (0.22%) Elite 3E
10 4 (0.22%) Oracle 11i
10 4 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
11 3 (0.17%) Cloudability
Cloud Services
1 434 (24.33%) Azure
2 322 (18.05%) AWS
3 201 (11.27%) Microsoft 365
4 200 (11.21%) GCP
5 153 (8.58%) Power Platform
6 116 (6.50%) Serverless
7 79 (4.43%) SaaS
8 67 (3.76%) GitHub
9 42 (2.35%) Snowflake
10 38 (2.13%) PaaS
11 37 (2.07%) Azure Active Directory
12 34 (1.91%) Cloud Computing
13 31 (1.74%) IaaS
13 31 (1.74%) npm
14 28 (1.57%) Cloud Functions
15 25 (1.40%) AWS Lambda
16 21 (1.18%) Dynamics 365
16 21 (1.18%) Google Workspace
17 13 (0.73%) OpenShift
18 11 (0.62%) Azure Sentinel
Communications & Networking
1 127 (7.12%) Firewall
2 51 (2.86%) Network Security
3 40 (2.24%) VPN
4 39 (2.19%) Broadband
4 39 (2.19%) DNS
5 37 (2.07%) WAN
6 28 (1.57%) Internet
7 24 (1.35%) LAN
7 24 (1.35%) SSL
8 22 (1.23%) DHCP
9 20 (1.12%) TCP/IP
9 20 (1.12%) Wireless
10 18 (1.01%) Cisco Nexus
10 18 (1.01%) Intrusion Detection
11 17 (0.95%) SAN
11 17 (0.95%) VoIP
12 16 (0.90%) Wi-Fi
13 15 (0.84%) HTTP
13 15 (0.84%) Unified Communications
14 13 (0.73%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 175 (9.81%) SQL Server
2 149 (8.35%) Data Warehouse
3 145 (8.13%) Power BI
4 108 (6.05%) Relational Database
5 103 (5.77%) NoSQL
6 97 (5.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 88 (4.93%) Big Data
8 79 (4.43%) PostgreSQL
9 71 (3.98%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 57 (3.20%) Tableau
11 50 (2.80%) Oracle Reports
12 49 (2.75%) MongoDB
13 46 (2.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 46 (2.58%) SQL Server 2016
14 40 (2.24%) Metadata
15 36 (2.02%) OLAP
16 34 (1.91%) Hadoop
17 32 (1.79%) BigQuery
17 32 (1.79%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 27 (1.51%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 91 (5.10%) Jenkins
2 86 (4.82%) JIRA
3 52 (2.91%) Git (software)
4 45 (2.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 45 (2.52%) SonarQube
5 29 (1.63%) Visual Studio
6 25 (1.40%) VSS/SourceSafe
7 20 (1.12%) ESLint
8 17 (0.95%) Sonatype Nexus
9 13 (0.73%) Team Foundation Server
10 11 (0.62%) webpack
11 9 (0.50%) Subversion
12 7 (0.39%) CircleCI
13 6 (0.34%) Cypress.io
13 6 (0.34%) SoapUI
14 5 (0.28%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
15 4 (0.22%) Octopus Deploy
15 4 (0.22%) Oracle Forms
15 4 (0.22%) TeamCity
16 3 (0.17%) Moq
General
1 679 (38.06%) Social Skills
2 472 (26.46%) Finance
3 295 (16.54%) Analytical Skills
4 248 (13.90%) Legal
5 135 (7.57%) Retail
6 112 (6.28%) Presentation Skills
7 110 (6.17%) Marketing
8 105 (5.89%) Police
9 103 (5.77%) Digital Economy
9 103 (5.77%) Influencing Skills
10 77 (4.32%) Banking
11 76 (4.26%) Manufacturing
12 70 (3.92%) Law
13 65 (3.64%) Public Sector
14 63 (3.53%) Games
15 56 (3.14%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 51 (2.86%) Telecoms
17 49 (2.75%) Organisational Skills
17 49 (2.75%) Pharmaceutical
18 34 (1.91%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 299 (16.76%) Analyst
2 202 (11.32%) Consultant
3 161 (9.02%) Developer
4 125 (7.01%) Architect
5 117 (6.56%) Security Consultant
6 85 (4.76%) Cybersecurity Consultant
7 77 (4.32%) Security Analyst
8 72 (4.04%) Data Engineer
9 60 (3.36%) Data Analyst
10 59 (3.31%) Security Architect
10 59 (3.31%) Service Analyst
10 59 (3.31%) Service Desk Analyst
11 51 (2.86%) IT Manager
11 51 (2.86%) Security Officer
12 47 (2.63%) Security Engineer
12 47 (2.63%) Technical Leader
13 46 (2.58%) Data Manager
14 45 (2.52%) Information Manager
14 45 (2.52%) Information Officer
14 45 (2.52%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 68 (3.81%) OAuth
2 64 (3.59%) Node.js
3 60 (3.36%) OAuth2
4 56 (3.14%) .NET
5 55 (3.08%) HTML
6 52 (2.91%) OpenID
7 50 (2.80%) Apache Beam
8 45 (2.52%) AngularJS
9 43 (2.41%) CSS
10 35 (1.96%) React
11 34 (1.91%) Kafka
12 32 (1.79%) COM
13 28 (1.57%) Akka
14 25 (1.40%) MDX
15 22 (1.23%) Sass
16 21 (1.18%) SAML
17 20 (1.12%) REST
17 20 (1.12%) Web Services
17 20 (1.12%) XML
18 19 (1.07%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 278 (15.58%) Management Information System
2 130 (7.29%) Data Protection Act
3 97 (5.44%) Smart Meter
4 63 (3.53%) Self-Motivation
5 62 (3.48%) User Experience
6 55 (3.08%) Virtual Team
7 47 (2.63%) Public Cloud
8 46 (2.58%) Life Science
9 34 (1.91%) Reference Data
10 32 (1.79%) Hedge funds
11 30 (1.68%) Cloud Native
12 28 (1.57%) Social Media
13 25 (1.40%) Analytical Mindset
14 24 (1.35%) Freedom of Information
14 24 (1.35%) NHS
15 22 (1.23%) Clustering
15 22 (1.23%) Cyberthreat
15 22 (1.23%) Data Centre
15 22 (1.23%) Mobile App
16 20 (1.12%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 172 (9.64%) Windows
2 65 (3.64%) Windows 10
3 50 (2.80%) Linux
3 50 (2.80%) Windows Server
4 22 (1.23%) Mac OS
5 19 (1.07%) Windows Server 2012
5 19 (1.07%) Windows Server 2019
6 17 (0.95%) Unix
7 14 (0.78%) Solaris
8 13 (0.73%) Android
8 13 (0.73%) Windows 7
8 13 (0.73%) Windows Server 2016
9 12 (0.67%) Apple iOS
10 8 (0.45%) Windows Server 2008
11 5 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 4 (0.22%) CentOS
12 4 (0.22%) Windows Server 2003
13 3 (0.17%) Ubuntu
14 2 (0.11%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.11%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 600 (33.63%) Data Protection
2 427 (23.93%) Information Security
3 396 (22.20%) Agile Software Development
4 385 (21.58%) Cybersecurity
5 359 (20.12%) Problem-Solving
6 300 (16.82%) Analytics
7 271 (15.19%) Business Intelligence
8 270 (15.13%) DevOps
9 245 (13.73%) Risk Management
10 206 (11.55%) Data Privacy
11 198 (11.10%) ITIL
12 197 (11.04%) Data Management
13 160 (8.97%) ETL
14 158 (8.86%) Data Science
15 157 (8.80%) Data Governance
16 150 (8.41%) Stakeholder Management
17 135 (7.57%) Continuous Improvement
18 134 (7.51%) Change Management
18 134 (7.51%) SIEM
19 133 (7.46%) Identity Management
Programming Languages
1 265 (14.85%) SQL
2 234 (13.12%) Python
3 93 (5.21%) C#
4 82 (4.60%) Java
5 81 (4.54%) PowerShell
6 77 (4.32%) JavaScript
7 51 (2.86%) C++
8 50 (2.80%) T-SQL
9 47 (2.63%) R
10 42 (2.35%) TypeScript
11 38 (2.13%) Scala
12 25 (1.40%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
13 21 (1.18%) VBA
14 19 (1.07%) Bash Shell
14 19 (1.07%) C
15 11 (0.62%) ES6
16 8 (0.45%) PHP
17 7 (0.39%) VB.NET
18 6 (0.34%) Google Apps Script
18 6 (0.34%) Perl
Qualifications
1 279 (15.64%) Degree
2 183 (10.26%) CISSP
3 155 (8.69%) CISM
4 139 (7.79%) Security Cleared
5 60 (3.36%) CISA
5 60 (3.36%) Cisco Certification
6 50 (2.80%) Master's Degree
7 37 (2.07%) Computer Science Degree
8 29 (1.63%) Numerate Degree
9 28 (1.57%) BPSS Clearance
10 27 (1.51%) CCNA
11 25 (1.40%) Oracle Certification
12 21 (1.18%) SC Cleared
13 20 (1.12%) Microsoft Certification
14 19 (1.07%) SSCP
15 17 (0.95%) CRISC
16 16 (0.90%) CompTIA Security+
16 16 (0.90%) GIAC
16 16 (0.90%) ISEB
17 15 (0.84%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 486 (27.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 228 (12.78%) NIST
3 213 (11.94%) PCI DSS
4 188 (10.54%) Cyber Essentials
5 148 (8.30%) QA
6 126 (7.06%) Data Quality
7 125 (7.01%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 86 (4.82%) SLA
9 59 (3.31%) GRC
10 47 (2.63%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 46 (2.58%) HIPAA
12 33 (1.85%) COBIT
13 23 (1.29%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 21 (1.18%) ISO 9001
14 21 (1.18%) WCAG
15 18 (1.01%) ISO 22301
16 17 (0.95%) SOC 2
17 16 (0.90%) NCSC
18 15 (0.84%) ISO/IEC 20000
19 12 (0.67%) BS25999
System Software
1 134 (7.51%) Active Directory
2 99 (5.55%) Docker
3 36 (2.02%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (1.12%) Hyper-V
5 11 (0.62%) vSphere
6 8 (0.45%) XenApp
6 8 (0.45%) XenDesktop
7 7 (0.39%) BitLocker
8 4 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
8 4 (0.22%) NFS
8 4 (0.22%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 3 (0.17%) Firmware
9 3 (0.17%) LXC
9 3 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
10 2 (0.11%) OpenAM
10 2 (0.11%) OpenIDM
10 2 (0.11%) RACF
10 2 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.056%) Xen
Systems Management
1 136 (7.62%) Kubernetes
2 37 (2.07%) Terraform
3 28 (1.57%) Grafana
3 28 (1.57%) Prometheus
3 28 (1.57%) Single Sign-On
4 24 (1.35%) Ansible
5 13 (0.73%) Oracle EDQ
6 11 (0.62%) Kibana
7 10 (0.56%) CASB
7 10 (0.56%) SCCM
8 9 (0.50%) Microsoft Intune
9 8 (0.45%) Jamf Pro
10 7 (0.39%) HP ALM
10 7 (0.39%) HP Fortify
10 7 (0.39%) SCOM
10 7 (0.39%) WebInspect
11 6 (0.34%) McAfee ePO
11 6 (0.34%) NetBackup
11 6 (0.34%) QRadar
11 6 (0.34%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
Vendors
1 516 (28.92%) Microsoft
2 139 (7.79%) Oracle
3 119 (6.67%) Google
4 81 (4.54%) Salesforce.com
5 62 (3.48%) SAP
6 51 (2.86%) VMware
7 47 (2.63%) Cisco
8 42 (2.35%) Meraki
9 31 (1.74%) Citrix
10 30 (1.68%) IBM
11 25 (1.40%) Splunk
12 22 (1.23%) HP
13 20 (1.12%) Apple
14 18 (1.01%) Cognizant
15 17 (0.95%) CyberArk
16 16 (0.90%) ForgeRock
17 14 (0.78%) Juniper
18 13 (0.73%) ArcSight
18 13 (0.73%) GoldenSource
18 13 (0.73%) Saba