Period
to 15 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 15 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 188 274 203
Rank change year-on-year +86 -71 +137
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 999 1,424 2,486
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.77% 1.22% 1.77%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 14.86% 9.64% 12.66%
Number of salaries quoted 665 1,143 1,650
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £53,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +3.77% -11.67%
10th Percentile £35,750 £32,525 £33,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -12.50%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 6,725 14,773 19,643
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 11.93% 12.64% 13.98%
Number of salaries quoted 5,129 11,559 14,728
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,500 £28,000
90th Percentile £84,100 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £51,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +2.94% +2.00% -

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in England

GDPR
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR in England.

Salary trend for GDPR in England

GDPR
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR in England over the 6 months to 15 January 2021.

Salary histogram for GDPR in England

GDPR
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the England region over the 6 months to 15 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +49 352 £65,000 +8.33% 82
South East +148 309 £60,000 -4.00% 32
North of England +18 109 £45,000 - 59
Midlands +44 107 £45,000 -5.26% 33
West Midlands +61 84 £44,000 -12.00% 20
South West +62 74 £50,000 - 21
North West +35 66 £41,725 -5.17% 38
Yorkshire +22 40 £48,250 +1.58% 15
East of England +59 33 £53,750 +7.50% 15
East Midlands +30 23 £45,000 - 13
North East +8 3 £32,779 -12.79% 6
GDPR
UK

For the 6 months to 15 January 2021, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for GDPR.

1 352 (35.24%) Information Security
2 290 (29.03%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 281 (28.13%) Microsoft
4 279 (27.93%) Data Protection
5 250 (25.03%) Management Information System
6 234 (23.42%) Legal
7 210 (21.02%) Windows
8 208 (20.82%) Azure
9 189 (18.92%) Project Management
10 170 (17.02%) Agile Software Development
11 166 (16.62%) Firewall
12 163 (16.32%) Office 365
13 154 (15.42%) Finance
14 148 (14.81%) Cybersecurity
15 143 (14.31%) Manufacturing
16 138 (13.81%) ITIL
17 135 (13.51%) Law
17 135 (13.51%) AWS
17 135 (13.51%) Problem-Solving
18 130 (13.01%) NIST
19 127 (12.71%) Pharmaceutical
20 122 (12.21%) Analytical Skills
21 121 (12.11%) Matrix Organization
22 114 (11.41%) SQL
23 110 (11.01%) CISSP
24 109 (10.91%) PCI DSS
25 107 (10.71%) SLA
26 106 (10.61%) Degree
27 104 (10.41%) Active Directory
28 101 (10.11%) CISM

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (4.10%) SharePoint
2 34 (3.40%) MS Exchange
3 16 (1.60%) Apache Spark
4 14 (1.40%) Apache
5 10 (1.00%) Confluence
6 9 (0.90%) CMS
7 7 (0.70%) Elasticsearch
8 5 (0.50%) Exchange Server 2013
8 5 (0.50%) IIS
9 4 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 4 (0.40%) Skype for Business
9 4 (0.40%) Umbraco
10 3 (0.30%) ArcGIS
11 2 (0.20%) JBoss
11 2 (0.20%) nginx
11 2 (0.20%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.20%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.20%) WordPress
12 1 (0.10%) EPiServer
12 1 (0.10%) IBM Domino
Applications
1 37 (3.70%) Microsoft Office
2 28 (2.80%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.70%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 7 (0.70%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.10%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.10%) Revit
Business Applications
1 13 (1.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (1.10%) Dynamics NAV
3 7 (0.70%) Magento
4 6 (0.60%) Oracle ERP
5 4 (0.40%) Carpe Diem
5 4 (0.40%) Oracle Cash Management
5 4 (0.40%) Oracle Payables
5 4 (0.40%) Oracle Receivables
5 4 (0.40%) Sentinel
6 3 (0.30%) Eloqua
6 3 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.20%) Oracle 11i
7 2 (0.20%) Oracle Assets
7 2 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
7 2 (0.20%) Oracle General Ledger
7 2 (0.20%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 1 (0.10%) Maximo
8 1 (0.10%) SAP GRC
8 1 (0.10%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 208 (20.82%) Azure
2 163 (16.32%) Office 365
3 135 (13.51%) AWS
4 43 (4.30%) IaaS
5 42 (4.20%) SaaS
6 37 (3.70%) Power Platform
7 20 (2.00%) Azure Active Directory
8 18 (1.80%) PaaS
9 16 (1.60%) GCP
10 15 (1.50%) OneDrive
10 15 (1.50%) OpenShift
10 15 (1.50%) Trello
11 12 (1.20%) G Suite
12 9 (0.90%) Dynamics 365
13 8 (0.80%) Amazon EKS
13 8 (0.80%) Cloud Computing
14 6 (0.60%) Amazon ECS
14 6 (0.60%) AWS CloudFormation
14 6 (0.60%) AWS CodePipeline
15 5 (0.50%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 166 (16.62%) Firewall
2 68 (6.81%) Intrusion Detection
3 55 (5.51%) VPN
4 42 (4.20%) DNS
5 32 (3.20%) Network Security
6 28 (2.80%) DHCP
7 22 (2.20%) SAN
8 18 (1.80%) SSL
9 17 (1.70%) WAN
9 17 (1.70%) Wireless
10 15 (1.50%) LAN
10 15 (1.50%) VoIP
11 13 (1.30%) Wi-Fi
12 9 (0.90%) Internet
13 8 (0.80%) FTP
14 7 (0.70%) Kerberos
15 6 (0.60%) Intranet
15 6 (0.60%) IP Telephony
16 5 (0.50%) iSCSI
16 5 (0.50%) Wireless Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 78 (7.81%) SQL Server
2 49 (4.90%) Data Warehouse
3 37 (3.70%) Relational Database
4 35 (3.50%) Power BI
5 24 (2.40%) MySQL
6 23 (2.30%) Big Data
6 23 (2.30%) Tableau
7 20 (2.00%) Snowflake Schema
8 17 (1.70%) Looker
8 17 (1.70%) RDBMS
9 16 (1.60%) NoSQL
10 15 (1.50%) PostgreSQL
11 14 (1.40%) Amazon Redshift
12 11 (1.10%) MongoDB
13 10 (1.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 8 (0.80%) DataStax
14 8 (0.80%) DTS
14 8 (0.80%) Oracle Reports
14 8 (0.80%) SQL Server 2012
14 8 (0.80%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 44 (4.40%) Git (software)
2 39 (3.90%) JIRA
3 15 (1.50%) Team Foundation Server
4 14 (1.40%) Selenium
5 9 (0.90%) Postman
6 8 (0.80%) eggPlant
6 8 (0.80%) Protractor
6 8 (0.80%) TestNG
7 6 (0.60%) Jenkins
7 6 (0.60%) Oracle Forms
7 6 (0.60%) Travis CI
8 5 (0.50%) GitLab
8 5 (0.50%) SoapUI
9 4 (0.40%) JUnit
9 4 (0.40%) Oracle APEX
9 4 (0.40%) SonarQube
9 4 (0.40%) SpecFlow
9 4 (0.40%) Subversion
9 4 (0.40%) Visual Studio
10 3 (0.30%) NUnit
General
1 234 (23.42%) Legal
2 154 (15.42%) Finance
3 143 (14.31%) Manufacturing
4 135 (13.51%) Law
5 127 (12.71%) Pharmaceutical
6 93 (9.31%) Digital Economy
7 54 (5.41%) Marketing
8 45 (4.50%) Retail
9 44 (4.40%) Telecoms
10 38 (3.80%) Games
11 24 (2.40%) Public Sector
12 20 (2.00%) Banking
13 13 (1.30%) Electronics
14 9 (0.90%) Aerospace
15 6 (0.60%) Back Office
16 4 (0.40%) Advertising
16 4 (0.40%) French Language
16 4 (0.40%) Publishing
17 3 (0.30%) German Language
17 3 (0.30%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 179 (17.92%) Analyst
2 138 (13.81%) Administrator
3 112 (11.21%) Data Administrator
4 88 (8.81%) Consultant
5 60 (6.01%) Security Engineer
6 57 (5.71%) Architect
7 54 (5.41%) Security Analyst
8 49 (4.90%) Service Analyst
9 48 (4.80%) Service Desk Analyst
10 46 (4.60%) Developer
11 41 (4.10%) Senior Analyst
12 39 (3.90%) Security Consultant
12 39 (3.90%) Security Manager
13 37 (3.70%) Information Manager
14 36 (3.60%) IT Analyst
14 36 (3.60%) Security Specialist
15 32 (3.20%) Information Security Manager
15 32 (3.20%) Team Leader
16 27 (2.70%) Risk Consultant
17 26 (2.60%) IT Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (3.00%) Web Services
2 25 (2.50%) .NET
2 25 (2.50%) HTML
2 25 (2.50%) XML
3 21 (2.10%) CSS
3 21 (2.10%) REST
4 20 (2.00%) JSON
5 16 (1.60%) jQuery
6 15 (1.50%) LDAP
6 15 (1.50%) Node.js
7 10 (1.00%) Sass
7 10 (1.00%) SOAP
8 9 (0.90%) .NET Framework
8 9 (0.90%) AngularJS
8 9 (0.90%) Middleware
8 9 (0.90%) RESTful
9 8 (0.80%) ASP.NET
9 8 (0.80%) ASP.NET Web API
9 8 (0.80%) HTML5
9 8 (0.80%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 250 (25.03%) Management Information System
2 122 (12.21%) Analytical Skills
3 64 (6.41%) Data Protection Act
4 58 (5.81%) Cyberthreat
5 36 (3.60%) Self-Motivation
6 28 (2.80%) Public Cloud
7 25 (2.50%) Driving Licence
8 21 (2.10%) Data Centre
9 19 (1.90%) User Experience
10 18 (1.80%) PKI
10 18 (1.80%) Video Conferencing
11 16 (1.60%) Cyberattack
12 13 (1.30%) Clustering
12 13 (1.30%) Private Cloud
13 12 (1.20%) NHS
14 10 (1.00%) e-Learning
14 10 (1.00%) FMCG
15 9 (0.90%) Cloud Native
15 9 (0.90%) Linux Command Line
16 8 (0.80%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 210 (21.02%) Windows
2 96 (9.61%) Linux
3 72 (7.21%) Windows Server
4 53 (5.31%) Windows 10
5 21 (2.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 20 (2.00%) Unix
7 15 (1.50%) Solaris
8 11 (1.10%) Windows Server 2016
9 10 (1.00%) Windows Server 2008
10 9 (0.90%) Apple iOS
11 4 (0.40%) Android
12 3 (0.30%) AIX
12 3 (0.30%) SUSE
13 2 (0.20%) CentOS
13 2 (0.20%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.20%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
14 1 (0.10%) Kali Linux
14 1 (0.10%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.10%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 352 (35.24%) Information Security
2 279 (27.93%) Data Protection
3 189 (18.92%) Project Management
4 170 (17.02%) Agile Software Development
5 148 (14.81%) Cybersecurity
6 138 (13.81%) ITIL
7 135 (13.51%) Problem-Solving
8 121 (12.11%) Matrix Organization
9 96 (9.61%) Business Intelligence
10 91 (9.11%) Risk Management
11 87 (8.71%) Data Security
12 80 (8.01%) SIEM
13 66 (6.61%) DevOps
14 64 (6.41%) Identity Access Management
15 63 (6.31%) Security Management
16 62 (6.21%) Data Privacy
17 60 (6.01%) Analytics
18 58 (5.81%) Kalman Filter
19 57 (5.71%) Change Management
20 56 (5.61%) Line Management
Programming Languages
1 114 (11.41%) SQL
2 61 (6.11%) PowerShell
3 50 (5.01%) Python
4 31 (3.10%) C#
4 31 (3.10%) Java
5 30 (3.00%) Bash Shell
6 26 (2.60%) T-SQL
7 25 (2.50%) JavaScript
8 16 (1.60%) C
8 16 (1.60%) PHP
8 16 (1.60%) R
9 15 (1.50%) Perl
10 11 (1.10%) PL/SQL
11 8 (0.80%) Shell Script
12 7 (0.70%) VBA
13 6 (0.60%) Go
14 4 (0.40%) VBScript
15 3 (0.30%) Apex Code
15 3 (0.30%) Ruby
16 1 (0.10%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
Qualifications
1 110 (11.01%) CISSP
2 106 (10.61%) Degree
3 101 (10.11%) CISM
4 34 (3.40%) Cisco Certification
5 33 (3.30%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 26 (2.60%) CISA
7 21 (2.10%) Security Cleared
8 19 (1.90%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 19 (1.90%) CCSP
9 18 (1.80%) Microsoft Certification
10 13 (1.30%) OSCP
11 12 (1.20%) MCSE
12 11 (1.10%) Computer Science Degree
12 11 (1.10%) ISEB
13 10 (1.00%) CCNA
13 10 (1.00%) CEH
13 10 (1.00%) ITIL Certification
14 8 (0.80%) MCSA
14 8 (0.80%) PMI Certification
14 8 (0.80%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 290 (29.03%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 130 (13.01%) NIST
3 109 (10.91%) PCI DSS
4 107 (10.71%) SLA
5 99 (9.91%) Cyber Essentials
6 37 (3.70%) QA
7 31 (3.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 29 (2.90%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 26 (2.60%) ISO 9001
10 19 (1.90%) HIPAA
11 15 (1.50%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 14 (1.40%) BS25999
12 14 (1.40%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 14 (1.40%) Data Quality
13 13 (1.30%) NCSC
14 10 (1.00%) GAMP
15 9 (0.90%) COBIT
15 9 (0.90%) NIST 800
16 8 (0.80%) HMG Security Policy Framework
16 8 (0.80%) IFRS
System Software
1 104 (10.41%) Active Directory
2 34 (3.40%) VMware Infrastructure
3 26 (2.60%) Docker
4 11 (1.10%) VMware ESXi
5 6 (0.60%) Hyper-V
5 6 (0.60%) Shibboleth
5 6 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
5 6 (0.60%) XenApp
5 6 (0.60%) XenDesktop
6 5 (0.50%) BitLocker
6 5 (0.50%) NFS
7 4 (0.40%) vCloud
8 1 (0.10%) ProxySG
8 1 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.10%) Xen
Systems Management
1 32 (3.20%) Ansible
2 31 (3.10%) Microsoft Intune
3 27 (2.70%) Terraform
4 21 (2.10%) Kubernetes
5 16 (1.60%) SCCM
6 13 (1.30%) Single Sign-On
7 12 (1.20%) Host Intrusion Detection System
8 11 (1.10%) Puppet
9 10 (1.00%) SCOM
10 7 (0.70%) CASB
10 7 (0.70%) SCOrch
11 6 (0.60%) Consul
11 6 (0.60%) linkerd
11 6 (0.60%) McAfee ePO
11 6 (0.60%) Network Intrusion Detection System
11 6 (0.60%) Prometheus
11 6 (0.60%) Red Hat Satellite
11 6 (0.60%) SolarWinds Orion
12 5 (0.50%) Backup Exec
12 5 (0.50%) Nessus
Vendors
1 281 (28.13%) Microsoft
2 68 (6.81%) VMware
3 52 (5.21%) Citrix
4 37 (3.70%) Oracle
5 27 (2.70%) Salesforce.com
6 26 (2.60%) Cisco
7 25 (2.50%) Google
8 20 (2.00%) Red Hat
9 19 (1.90%) Veeam
10 18 (1.80%) IBM
11 15 (1.50%) SAP
12 11 (1.10%) ServiceNow
12 11 (1.10%) Sophos
13 10 (1.00%) Dell
13 10 (1.00%) EMC
13 10 (1.00%) Forcepoint
13 10 (1.00%) NetApp
13 10 (1.00%) OneTrust
13 10 (1.00%) Splunk
14 8 (0.80%) Apple