Period
to 24 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Improvement skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 24 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continual Improvement
UK > England
6 months to
24 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 105 100 119
Rank change year-on-year -5 +19 +10
Contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement 980 2,106 2,016
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.27% 2.51% 2.19%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.65% 2.87% 2.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 602 1,259 1,370
Median daily rate £488 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £310 £313 £325
90th Percentile £695 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 47 54
Median hourly rate £26.25 £32.16 £28.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.38% +12.84% +3.64%
10th Percentile £11.63 £15.00 £16.55
90th Percentile £50.21 £49.25 £62.25
UK median hourly rate £23.36 £30.75 £28.50
% change year-on-year -24.05% +7.89% +3.64%

Continuous Improvement is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 36,927 73,480 80,218
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.65% 87.67% 87.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,610 48,927 53,289
Median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £300 £306 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,241 1,906 2,120
Median hourly rate £27.50 £24.54 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.07% +11.53% -12.00%
10th Percentile £12.75 £11.85 £11.18
90th Percentile £53.00 £52.21 £50.00
Median hourly rate £28.00 £24.50 £22.00
% change year-on-year +14.29% +11.36% -12.00%

Continuous Improvement
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Improvement as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England over the 6 months to 24 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England over the 6 months to 24 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement within the England region over the 6 months to 24 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +33 491 £538 +7.50% 44
South East -32 152 £415 -10.75% 39
North of England -33 107 £430 -4.44% 43
South West -5 101 £475 -5.00% 32
Midlands +31 85 £425 +3.03% 35
North West -10 54 £425 -8.36% 23
East Midlands +45 43 £418 +8.44% 15
East of England -28 43 £400 -21.57% 24
West Midlands +19 41 £425 - 20
Yorkshire -6 30 £470 +5.62% 9
North East -8 24 £425 -11.83% 11
Continuous Improvement
UK

For the 6 months to 24 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Improvement also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Improvement.

1 473 (48.27%) Agile Software Development
2 229 (23.37%) Finance
3 166 (16.94%) TDD
4 161 (16.43%) Problem-Solving
5 157 (16.02%) Scrum
6 154 (15.71%) DevOps
7 153 (15.61%) SQL
8 150 (15.31%) Security Cleared
9 147 (15.00%) JavaScript
10 139 (14.18%) Java
11 136 (13.88%) Analytical Skills
12 126 (12.86%) Microsoft
13 120 (12.24%) Degree
14 115 (11.73%) SC Cleared
14 115 (11.73%) Windows
15 114 (11.63%) Azure
16 105 (10.71%) ITIL
17 102 (10.41%) AWS
18 99 (10.10%) Continuous Integration
19 95 (9.69%) Project Management
20 90 (9.18%) Mentoring
21 87 (8.88%) Project Delivery
22 86 (8.78%) Stakeholder Management
22 86 (8.78%) Test Automation
23 84 (8.57%) Analytics
24 83 (8.47%) Change Management
25 82 (8.37%) HTML
25 82 (8.37%) Jenkins
25 82 (8.37%) Coaching
25 82 (8.37%) User Experience

Continuous Improvement
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (4.49%) Confluence
2 24 (2.45%) Tomcat
3 21 (2.14%) SharePoint
4 19 (1.94%) IIS
5 17 (1.73%) WebLogic
6 15 (1.53%) Apache
7 10 (1.02%) Elasticsearch
8 8 (0.82%) JBoss
8 8 (0.82%) MS Exchange
9 6 (0.61%) CMS
9 6 (0.61%) Exchange Server 2007
9 6 (0.61%) Exchange Server 2013
10 5 (0.51%) Apache Solr
10 5 (0.51%) Apache Spark
10 5 (0.51%) WebSphere
11 4 (0.41%) ArcGIS
11 4 (0.41%) Cloud Foundry
11 4 (0.41%) nginx
12 3 (0.31%) Appian
12 3 (0.31%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 44 (4.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (4.08%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (1.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 13 (1.33%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.71%) Sketch
5 6 (0.61%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.41%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.20%) Adobe After Effects
7 2 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.20%) InVision
8 1 (0.10%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.10%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.10%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.10%) ProjectWise
8 1 (0.10%) UserZoom
8 1 (0.10%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 6 (0.61%) Dynamics AX
1 6 (0.61%) Dynamics CRM
1 6 (0.61%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
2 5 (0.51%) Oracle EBS
2 5 (0.51%) Unit4 Business World
3 3 (0.31%) NetSuite
3 3 (0.31%) Oracle ERP
4 2 (0.20%) Cognos TM1
4 2 (0.20%) Oracle Manufacturing
4 2 (0.20%) Primavera
4 2 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle Internet Expenses
5 1 (0.10%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.10%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.10%) SAP SD
5 1 (0.10%) Summit
5 1 (0.10%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 114 (11.63%) Azure
2 102 (10.41%) AWS
3 25 (2.55%) Office 365
4 24 (2.45%) SaaS
5 21 (2.14%) GitHub
5 21 (2.14%) PaaS
6 18 (1.84%) Power Platform
7 17 (1.73%) IaaS
8 15 (1.53%) GCP
9 12 (1.22%) Dynamics 365
10 11 (1.12%) AWS CloudFormation
11 8 (0.82%) Google Analytics
11 8 (0.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 7 (0.71%) OpenShift
13 6 (0.61%) Amazon EC2
13 6 (0.61%) Azure ExpressRoute
14 5 (0.51%) npm
14 5 (0.51%) Serverless
14 5 (0.51%) Veeva
15 4 (0.41%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 32 (3.27%) Firewall
2 26 (2.65%) DNS
3 15 (1.53%) HTTP
4 13 (1.33%) TCP/IP
5 12 (1.22%) SSL
6 11 (1.12%) Skype
7 9 (0.92%) DHCP
7 9 (0.92%) RTMP
8 7 (0.71%) SAN
9 5 (0.51%) Kerberos
9 5 (0.51%) LAN
9 5 (0.51%) WAN
9 5 (0.51%) Wireshark
10 4 (0.41%) Cisco ASA
10 4 (0.41%) DMZ
10 4 (0.41%) Radio Access Network
11 3 (0.31%) 3G
11 3 (0.31%) Internet
11 3 (0.31%) NetScreen
11 3 (0.31%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 53 (5.41%) SQL Server
2 47 (4.80%) NoSQL
3 37 (3.78%) Relational Database
4 34 (3.47%) Big Data
5 16 (1.63%) Oracle Database
6 14 (1.43%) PostgreSQL
6 14 (1.43%) Power BI
7 12 (1.22%) MySQL
8 11 (1.12%) Data Lake
8 11 (1.12%) Data Warehouse
8 11 (1.12%) MongoDB
8 11 (1.12%) Redis
9 9 (0.92%) Cosmos DB
9 9 (0.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 9 (0.92%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 8 (0.82%) Apache Cassandra
10 8 (0.82%) Oracle Database 12c
10 8 (0.82%) Oracle Exadata
10 8 (0.82%) SQL Server 2016
11 7 (0.71%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 82 (8.37%) Jenkins
2 80 (8.16%) JIRA
3 72 (7.35%) Git (software)
4 25 (2.55%) GitLab
5 22 (2.24%) Selenium
6 21 (2.14%) Cucumber
6 21 (2.14%) Maven
7 19 (1.94%) JUnit
8 18 (1.84%) TeamCity
9 15 (1.53%) Bitbucket
10 13 (1.33%) Artifactory
11 12 (1.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 12 (1.22%) Visual Studio
12 11 (1.12%) NUnit
13 9 (0.92%) CircleCI
13 9 (0.92%) Visual Studio Team System
14 8 (0.82%) Subversion
14 8 (0.82%) Team Foundation Server
14 8 (0.82%) WebDriver
15 6 (0.61%) Xcode
General
1 229 (23.37%) Finance
2 58 (5.92%) Banking
3 56 (5.71%) Public Sector
4 38 (3.88%) Front Office
5 23 (2.35%) Marketing
6 22 (2.24%) Investment Banking
6 22 (2.24%) Legal
6 22 (2.24%) Retail
6 22 (2.24%) Telecoms
7 20 (2.04%) Manufacturing
8 17 (1.73%) Military
9 14 (1.43%) Pharmaceutical
9 14 (1.43%) Publishing
10 13 (1.33%) Games
11 11 (1.12%) Retail Banking
12 8 (0.82%) Aerospace
12 8 (0.82%) Corporate Banking
12 8 (0.82%) Law
13 6 (0.61%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.41%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 208 (21.22%) Developer
2 108 (11.02%) Analyst
3 60 (6.12%) Architect
4 52 (5.31%) Project Manager
5 44 (4.49%) Delivery Manager
5 44 (4.49%) React Developer
6 39 (3.98%) Scrum Master
7 38 (3.88%) .NET Developer
8 35 (3.57%) Consultant
9 34 (3.47%) Senior Developer
10 32 (3.27%) JavaScript Developer
11 31 (3.16%) Business Analyst
12 30 (3.06%) C# Developer
13 27 (2.76%) Java Developer
14 25 (2.55%) DevOps Engineer
15 23 (2.35%) Change Manager
16 22 (2.24%) Designer
17 21 (2.14%) Senior Manager
18 20 (2.04%) C# .NET Developer
18 20 (2.04%) IT Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 82 (8.37%) HTML
2 78 (7.96%) CSS
3 76 (7.76%) .NET
4 65 (6.63%) Node.js
5 62 (6.33%) React
5 62 (6.33%) Web Services
6 51 (5.20%) AngularJS
7 38 (3.88%) Redux
8 36 (3.67%) REST
9 35 (3.57%) Spring
10 32 (3.27%) Spring Boot
11 30 (3.06%) .NET Framework
12 28 (2.86%) HTML5
12 28 (2.86%) XML
13 24 (2.45%) RESTful
14 23 (2.35%) Kafka
15 22 (2.24%) Entity Framework
16 18 (1.84%) Middleware
17 17 (1.73%) SOAP
18 16 (1.63%) Reactive Extensions
Miscellaneous
1 136 (13.88%) Analytical Skills
2 82 (8.37%) User Experience
3 48 (4.90%) Management Information System
4 39 (3.98%) Self-Motivation
5 27 (2.76%) Enterprise Software
6 21 (2.14%) Public Cloud
7 20 (2.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 20 (2.04%) Virtual Team
8 16 (1.63%) Mobile App
9 14 (1.43%) Fixed Income
10 13 (1.33%) Data Centre
11 11 (1.12%) Cloud Native
11 11 (1.12%) Robotics
12 10 (1.02%) Blog
13 9 (0.92%) Replication
14 8 (0.82%) FMCG
14 8 (0.82%) Greenfield Project
15 7 (0.71%) Algorithms
15 7 (0.71%) Data Structures
16 6 (0.61%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 115 (11.73%) Windows
2 68 (6.94%) Linux
3 44 (4.49%) Windows Server
4 28 (2.86%) Unix
5 21 (2.14%) Android
6 19 (1.94%) Windows 10
7 14 (1.43%) Apple iOS
8 11 (1.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 11 (1.12%) Windows Server 2016
9 9 (0.92%) Windows Server 2012
10 8 (0.82%) Solaris
10 8 (0.82%) Ubuntu
11 7 (0.71%) Windows 7
12 6 (0.61%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.51%) Oracle Linux
14 4 (0.41%) CentOS
14 4 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
15 2 (0.20%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.20%) Windows 8
15 2 (0.20%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 473 (48.27%) Agile Software Development
2 166 (16.94%) TDD
3 161 (16.43%) Problem-Solving
4 157 (16.02%) Scrum
5 154 (15.71%) DevOps
6 105 (10.71%) ITIL
7 99 (10.10%) Continuous Integration
8 95 (9.69%) Project Management
9 90 (9.18%) Mentoring
10 87 (8.88%) Project Delivery
11 86 (8.78%) Stakeholder Management
11 86 (8.78%) Test Automation
12 84 (8.57%) Analytics
13 83 (8.47%) Change Management
14 82 (8.37%) Coaching
15 74 (7.55%) Decision-Making
16 71 (7.24%) Kanban
17 62 (6.33%) SDLC
18 61 (6.22%) BDD
19 57 (5.82%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 153 (15.61%) SQL
2 147 (15.00%) JavaScript
3 139 (14.18%) Java
4 76 (7.76%) Python
5 69 (7.04%) C#
6 42 (4.29%) PowerShell
7 28 (2.86%) C
8 24 (2.45%) TypeScript
9 17 (1.73%) Scala
10 16 (1.63%) T-SQL
11 12 (1.22%) Bash Shell
11 12 (1.22%) PL/SQL
12 11 (1.12%) C++
12 11 (1.12%) Java 8
13 9 (0.92%) Ruby
13 9 (0.92%) XAML
14 8 (0.82%) Shell Script
15 5 (0.51%) Apple Swift
15 5 (0.51%) Kotlin
15 5 (0.51%) R
Qualifications
1 150 (15.31%) Security Cleared
2 120 (12.24%) Degree
3 115 (11.73%) SC Cleared
4 27 (2.76%) DV Cleared
5 15 (1.53%) ISEB
6 12 (1.22%) Cisco Certification
6 12 (1.22%) HNC
7 11 (1.12%) ISTQB
8 10 (1.02%) PMI Certification
9 9 (0.92%) APMP
9 9 (0.92%) PMP
10 8 (0.82%) Six Sigma Black Belt
11 7 (0.71%) Computer Science Degree
11 7 (0.71%) ITIL Certification
12 6 (0.61%) CCNP
13 5 (0.51%) AWS Certification
13 5 (0.51%) CCNA
13 5 (0.51%) ISEB Practitioner
13 5 (0.51%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 5 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 73 (7.45%) QA
2 26 (2.65%) GDPR
3 23 (2.35%) SLA
4 21 (2.14%) PMO
5 18 (1.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 15 (1.53%) WCAG
7 14 (1.43%) Data Quality
7 14 (1.43%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 10 (1.02%) Cyber Essentials
9 8 (0.82%) COBIT
9 8 (0.82%) HIPAA
10 7 (0.71%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 6 (0.61%) RMADS
12 4 (0.41%) NCSC
13 3 (0.31%) Actionable Recommendations
13 3 (0.31%) GMP
13 3 (0.31%) JSP 440
13 3 (0.31%) NIST
14 2 (0.20%) GxP
14 2 (0.20%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 55 (5.61%) Docker
2 33 (3.37%) Active Directory
3 10 (1.02%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.82%) Oracle RAC
5 5 (0.51%) vSphere
6 4 (0.41%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.20%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 2 (0.20%) DFS Replication
7 2 (0.20%) ISA Server
7 2 (0.20%) OpenAM
7 2 (0.20%) Virtual Desktop
7 2 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.20%) VMware Workstation
8 1 (0.10%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.10%) XenApp
8 1 (0.10%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 51 (5.20%) Kubernetes
2 46 (4.69%) Ansible
3 40 (4.08%) Terraform
4 27 (2.76%) Opscode Chef
5 25 (2.55%) Puppet
6 20 (2.04%) SCCM
7 8 (0.82%) Data Guard
7 8 (0.82%) Oracle RMAN
8 7 (0.71%) Single Sign-On
9 5 (0.51%) SCOM
9 5 (0.51%) WSUS
10 4 (0.41%) AirWatch
10 4 (0.41%) Grafana
10 4 (0.41%) Kibana
11 3 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
11 3 (0.31%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 3 (0.31%) Prometheus
11 3 (0.31%) vRealize
12 2 (0.20%) Control-M
12 2 (0.20%) Nagios
Vendors
1 126 (12.86%) Microsoft
2 77 (7.86%) Oracle
3 35 (3.57%) SAP
4 24 (2.45%) ServiceNow
5 23 (2.35%) Citrix
6 17 (1.73%) Cisco
6 17 (1.73%) Red Hat
7 16 (1.63%) Google
7 16 (1.63%) HP
8 14 (1.43%) VMware
9 13 (1.33%) IBM
9 13 (1.33%) Splunk
10 11 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
11 10 (1.02%) Dell
12 9 (0.92%) Juniper
13 8 (0.82%) Atlassian
14 7 (0.71%) Adobe
14 7 (0.71%) Capita
14 7 (0.71%) F5
14 7 (0.71%) Tableau