Period
to 5 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Improvement skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 5 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continual Improvement
UK > England
6 months to
5 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 103 109 112
Rank change year-on-year +6 +3 +18
Contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement 1,677 2,263 2,095
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.25% 2.36% 2.20%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.61% 2.71% 2.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,027 1,350 1,430
England median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £300 £313 £310
90th Percentile £650 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £468 £463
% change year-on-year +1.60% +1.08% +5.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 68 56
England median hourly rate £26.25 £25.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% -9.09% -
10th Percentile £11.81 £12.50 £16.38
90th Percentile £48.77 £58.83 £39.75
UK median hourly rate £26.50 £27.26 £27.50
% change year-on-year -2.77% -0.89% -

Continuous Improvement is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 64,223 83,364 82,090
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.01% 87.10% 86.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 42,482 55,929 55,206
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,008 2,126 1,940
England median hourly rate £23.94 £22.00 £23.32
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.82% -5.66% +3.64%
10th Percentile £11.88 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.63 £49.78
UK median hourly rate £23.66 £22.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year +7.56% -4.35% +2.22%

Continuous Improvement
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Improvement as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England over the 6 months to 5 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England over the 6 months to 5 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement within the England region over the 6 months to 5 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +12 756 £510 +2.00% 213
South East -15 309 £463 -2.63% 149
North of England +15 245 £425 - 168
South West +5 136 £475 -2.86% 86
Midlands +3 119 £471 +10.88% 114
East of England +2 108 £438 -15.05% 64
North West -9 106 £400 -11.11% 80
Yorkshire +19 88 £475 +11.76% 66
West Midlands -4 81 £450 +5.88% 73
North East +17 53 £415 -2.35% 22
East Midlands +26 35 £438 +9.38% 41
Continuous Improvement
UK

For the 6 months to 5 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Improvement also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Improvement.

1 769 (45.86%) Agile Software Development
2 398 (23.73%) Finance
3 273 (16.28%) Scrum
4 245 (14.61%) Problem-Solving
5 215 (12.82%) Analytical Skills
6 211 (12.58%) Java
7 205 (12.22%) DevOps
8 203 (12.10%) Coaching
9 194 (11.57%) Test Automation
10 193 (11.51%) SQL
11 190 (11.33%) Stakeholder Management
12 189 (11.27%) Degree
12 189 (11.27%) Azure
13 187 (11.15%) TDD
14 185 (11.03%) Microsoft
15 182 (10.85%) Project Management
16 180 (10.73%) Analytics
17 179 (10.67%) Continuous Integration
18 174 (10.38%) ITIL
18 174 (10.38%) Mentoring
19 171 (10.20%) JavaScript
20 161 (9.60%) AWS
21 144 (8.59%) Change Management
21 144 (8.59%) Security Cleared
21 144 (8.59%) JIRA
22 133 (7.93%) Windows
23 132 (7.87%) QA
23 132 (7.87%) Project Delivery
24 126 (7.51%) C#
25 125 (7.45%) Jenkins

Continuous Improvement
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 72 (4.29%) Confluence
2 65 (3.88%) SharePoint
3 24 (1.43%) Skype for Business
4 22 (1.31%) MS Exchange
5 18 (1.07%) Apache Spark
6 17 (1.01%) Exchange Server 2013
7 16 (0.95%) Exchange Server 2007
8 14 (0.83%) Tomcat
9 12 (0.72%) Apache
9 12 (0.72%) CMS
9 12 (0.72%) JBoss
9 12 (0.72%) Umbraco
10 10 (0.60%) WebLogic
11 9 (0.54%) Apache Airflow
11 9 (0.54%) IIS
11 9 (0.54%) WebSphere
12 7 (0.42%) nginx
13 5 (0.30%) Mule
13 5 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 4 (0.24%) Moodle
Applications
1 82 (4.89%) Microsoft Excel
1 82 (4.89%) Microsoft Office
2 23 (1.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 17 (1.01%) Microsoft Project
4 14 (0.83%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.42%) Sketch
6 6 (0.36%) InVision
6 6 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
7 4 (0.24%) Photoshop
7 4 (0.24%) Siemens NX
7 4 (0.24%) Zeplin
8 3 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.18%) UserZoom
9 2 (0.12%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.060%) InfoPath
10 1 (0.060%) OmniGraffle
10 1 (0.060%) SPSS
10 1 (0.060%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 16 (0.95%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.60%) Teamcenter
3 9 (0.54%) BusinessWorks
4 5 (0.30%) SAP CO
4 5 (0.30%) SAP FI
4 5 (0.30%) SAP FI/CO
4 5 (0.30%) SAP HR
5 4 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
5 4 (0.24%) NetSuite
5 4 (0.24%) SAP ERP
6 3 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
6 3 (0.18%) SAP PM
6 3 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
7 2 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
7 2 (0.12%) Oracle Financials
7 2 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
7 2 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.12%) SAP PP
Cloud Services
1 189 (11.27%) Azure
2 161 (9.60%) AWS
3 85 (5.07%) Office 365
4 68 (4.05%) GitHub
5 37 (2.21%) Serverless
6 36 (2.15%) GCP
7 32 (1.91%) Power Platform
8 30 (1.79%) IaaS
9 29 (1.73%) PaaS
10 26 (1.55%) Google Analytics
11 20 (1.19%) SaaS
12 19 (1.13%) AWS CloudFormation
13 18 (1.07%) Azure Active Directory
14 14 (0.83%) AWS Lambda
15 13 (0.78%) Data Lake Analytics
15 13 (0.78%) OpenShift
16 12 (0.72%) Azure Functions
17 9 (0.54%) Azure Data Factory
17 9 (0.54%) Dynamics 365
18 8 (0.48%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 56 (3.34%) Firewall
2 38 (2.27%) HTTP
3 36 (2.15%) Internet
4 34 (2.03%) TCP/IP
5 28 (1.67%) VPN
6 26 (1.55%) SSL
7 24 (1.43%) Skype
8 23 (1.37%) SAN
9 19 (1.13%) WAN
10 18 (1.07%) LAN
11 17 (1.01%) DNS
12 14 (0.83%) Network Security
12 14 (0.83%) Wireless
13 10 (0.60%) 4G
13 10 (0.60%) DHCP
13 10 (0.60%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
14 9 (0.54%) BGP
14 9 (0.54%) MPLS
14 9 (0.54%) PPP
14 9 (0.54%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 79 (4.71%) Relational Database
2 75 (4.47%) SQL Server
3 58 (3.46%) Big Data
4 40 (2.39%) MySQL
5 32 (1.91%) NoSQL
6 30 (1.79%) Power BI
7 28 (1.67%) Data Warehouse
8 26 (1.55%) Amazon Redshift
8 26 (1.55%) Redis
9 22 (1.31%) Data Lake
10 21 (1.25%) Hadoop
11 17 (1.01%) MongoDB
12 14 (0.83%) PostgreSQL
13 12 (0.72%) Oracle Database
14 11 (0.66%) Azure SQL Database
14 11 (0.66%) Parquet
14 11 (0.66%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 9 (0.54%) Apache Hive
15 9 (0.54%) BusinessObjects
16 8 (0.48%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 144 (8.59%) JIRA
2 125 (7.45%) Jenkins
3 118 (7.04%) Git (software)
4 74 (4.41%) Selenium
5 64 (3.82%) Cucumber
6 47 (2.80%) JUnit
7 40 (2.39%) TeamCity
8 27 (1.61%) Maven
8 27 (1.61%) Team Foundation Server
9 25 (1.49%) Gatling
10 22 (1.31%) Visual Studio Team System
11 21 (1.25%) gulp
12 20 (1.19%) Bitbucket
13 19 (1.13%) Jasmine
14 17 (1.01%) webpack
15 15 (0.89%) Octopus Deploy
15 15 (0.89%) SpecFlow
15 15 (0.89%) Visual Studio
16 14 (0.83%) Gradle
17 13 (0.78%) Hudson
General
1 398 (23.73%) Finance
2 98 (5.84%) Banking
3 84 (5.01%) Telecoms
4 71 (4.23%) Public Sector
5 61 (3.64%) Retail
6 48 (2.86%) Front Office
6 48 (2.86%) Legal
7 40 (2.39%) Manufacturing
8 35 (2.09%) Marketing
9 30 (1.79%) Games
9 30 (1.79%) Pharmaceutical
10 17 (1.01%) Financial Institution
11 14 (0.83%) Publishing
11 14 (0.83%) Retail Banking
12 13 (0.78%) Billing
12 13 (0.78%) Investment Banking
13 10 (0.60%) Law
14 9 (0.54%) Back Office
15 8 (0.48%) Aerospace
15 8 (0.48%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 315 (18.78%) Developer
2 240 (14.31%) Analyst
3 81 (4.83%) Project Manager
4 75 (4.47%) Scrum Master
5 71 (4.23%) Architect
6 68 (4.05%) Java Developer
7 63 (3.76%) Senior Developer
8 60 (3.58%) Business Analyst
9 50 (2.98%) C# Developer
10 48 (2.86%) Consultant
11 47 (2.80%) Delivery Manager
12 45 (2.68%) IT Manager
13 41 (2.44%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 38 (2.27%) .NET Developer
15 37 (2.21%) Agile Coach
16 36 (2.15%) Change Manager
17 32 (1.91%) React Developer
18 31 (1.85%) Software Engineer
19 30 (1.79%) Agile Scrum Master
19 30 (1.79%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 120 (7.16%) CSS
2 109 (6.50%) HTML
3 106 (6.32%) .NET
4 89 (5.31%) Web Services
5 75 (4.47%) Node.js
6 63 (3.76%) HTML5
7 58 (3.46%) AngularJS
8 57 (3.40%) XML
9 54 (3.22%) Spring
10 51 (3.04%) RESTful
11 48 (2.86%) React
12 47 (2.80%) REST
13 43 (2.56%) JSON
14 41 (2.44%) Gherkin
15 40 (2.39%) CSS3
15 40 (2.39%) Spring Boot
16 36 (2.15%) ASP.NET
16 36 (2.15%) ASP.NET Web API
17 33 (1.97%) Play Framework
17 33 (1.97%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 215 (12.82%) Analytical Skills
2 93 (5.55%) Management Information System
3 87 (5.19%) User Experience
4 63 (3.76%) Self-Motivation
5 44 (2.62%) Data Centre
6 42 (2.50%) Public Cloud
7 26 (1.55%) Virtual Team
8 23 (1.37%) Data Structures
8 23 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
9 18 (1.07%) Algorithms
9 18 (1.07%) Fixed Income
9 18 (1.07%) FMCG
9 18 (1.07%) Mobile App
10 16 (0.95%) Equities
11 15 (0.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 13 (0.78%) Cloud Native
12 13 (0.78%) Linux Command Line
12 13 (0.78%) PMI
12 13 (0.78%) Replication
12 13 (0.78%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 133 (7.93%) Windows
2 104 (6.20%) Linux
3 53 (3.16%) Unix
4 40 (2.39%) Windows 10
5 32 (1.91%) Windows Server
6 21 (1.25%) Android
7 17 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (0.72%) CentOS
9 11 (0.66%) Windows 7
10 10 (0.60%) Apple iOS
10 10 (0.60%) Ubuntu
11 9 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
12 8 (0.48%) AIX
12 8 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
13 5 (0.30%) VMS
14 3 (0.18%) Solaris
14 3 (0.18%) Windows Vista
15 2 (0.12%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.12%) Windows 2000 Server
16 1 (0.060%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 769 (45.86%) Agile Software Development
2 273 (16.28%) Scrum
3 245 (14.61%) Problem-Solving
4 205 (12.22%) DevOps
5 203 (12.10%) Coaching
6 194 (11.57%) Test Automation
7 190 (11.33%) Stakeholder Management
8 187 (11.15%) TDD
9 182 (10.85%) Project Management
10 180 (10.73%) Analytics
11 179 (10.67%) Continuous Integration
12 174 (10.38%) ITIL
12 174 (10.38%) Mentoring
13 144 (8.59%) Change Management
14 132 (7.87%) Project Delivery
15 119 (7.10%) Kanban
16 101 (6.02%) Software Engineering
17 100 (5.96%) BDD
18 91 (5.43%) Service Management
19 89 (5.31%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 211 (12.58%) Java
2 193 (11.51%) SQL
3 171 (10.20%) JavaScript
4 126 (7.51%) C#
5 101 (6.02%) Python
6 66 (3.94%) Scala
7 47 (2.80%) C
8 36 (2.15%) TypeScript
9 32 (1.91%) PowerShell
10 24 (1.43%) Groovy
11 22 (1.31%) Java 8
11 22 (1.31%) Ruby
12 18 (1.07%) Bash Shell
13 17 (1.01%) PL/SQL
14 16 (0.95%) C++
15 14 (0.83%) Kotlin
15 14 (0.83%) VBA
16 12 (0.72%) Go
16 12 (0.72%) T-SQL
17 10 (0.60%) Perl
Qualifications
1 189 (11.27%) Degree
2 144 (8.59%) Security Cleared
3 108 (6.44%) SC Cleared
4 38 (2.27%) CISSP
5 25 (1.49%) CISA
5 25 (1.49%) CISM
6 21 (1.25%) DV Cleared
7 20 (1.19%) ISEB
8 19 (1.13%) Computer Science Degree
9 17 (1.01%) Cisco Certification
10 15 (0.89%) PMI Certification
11 14 (0.83%) BPSS Clearance
11 14 (0.83%) ITIL Certification
12 13 (0.78%) CCNP
12 13 (0.78%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 12 (0.72%) Microsoft Certification
14 11 (0.66%) Master's Degree
15 10 (0.60%) GIAC
16 9 (0.54%) ISTQB
16 9 (0.54%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 132 (7.87%) QA
2 47 (2.80%) SLA
3 34 (2.03%) PMO
4 30 (1.79%) GDPR
4 30 (1.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 24 (1.43%) Data Quality
5 24 (1.43%) WCAG
6 17 (1.01%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 10 (0.60%) ISO 9001
7 10 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 10 (0.60%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 7 (0.42%) Cyber Essentials
9 6 (0.36%) ISO 22301
10 5 (0.30%) PCI DSS
11 4 (0.24%) COBIT
12 3 (0.18%) COSHH
12 3 (0.18%) COSO
12 3 (0.18%) ISO 14001
12 3 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 3 (0.18%) NEBOSH
System Software
1 80 (4.77%) Docker
2 78 (4.65%) Active Directory
3 24 (1.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (0.83%) Virtual Machines
5 8 (0.48%) Hyper-V
6 6 (0.36%) Firmware
6 6 (0.36%) HDFS
7 5 (0.30%) vSphere
7 5 (0.30%) XenApp
8 4 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.18%) Microsoft App-V
9 3 (0.18%) ProxySG
10 2 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.12%) vCloud
10 2 (0.12%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.12%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.060%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.060%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.060%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.060%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 80 (4.77%) Kubernetes
2 63 (3.76%) Terraform
3 46 (2.74%) SCCM
4 45 (2.68%) Ansible
5 33 (1.97%) Puppet
6 30 (1.79%) Opscode Chef
7 28 (1.67%) Grafana
8 23 (1.37%) Kibana
9 11 (0.66%) Prometheus
10 9 (0.54%) Control-M
10 9 (0.54%) Nessus
11 8 (0.48%) SCOM
11 8 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
12 7 (0.42%) Packer
13 6 (0.36%) AirWatch
13 6 (0.36%) FortiGate
13 6 (0.36%) Hadoop YARN
13 6 (0.36%) Microsoft Clustering
13 6 (0.36%) Microsoft Intune
14 5 (0.30%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 185 (11.03%) Microsoft
2 84 (5.01%) SAP
3 71 (4.23%) Oracle
4 65 (3.88%) Google
5 42 (2.50%) Cisco
6 39 (2.33%) Citrix
7 33 (1.97%) VMware
8 29 (1.73%) Salesforce.com
9 28 (1.67%) ServiceNow
10 21 (1.25%) Greenplum
11 20 (1.19%) Atlassian
12 19 (1.13%) IBM
12 19 (1.13%) Remedy
13 15 (0.89%) Juniper
14 14 (0.83%) F5
14 14 (0.83%) McAfee
14 14 (0.83%) Red Hat
15 13 (0.78%) Adobe
15 13 (0.78%) BMC
15 13 (0.78%) HP