Period
to 27 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Improvement skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 27 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continual Improvement
UK > England
6 months to
27 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 74 111 106
Rank change year-on-year +37 -5 +10
Contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement 2,244 694 1,690
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.18% 2.27% 2.25%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.57% 2.61% 2.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,524 477 1,040
10th Percentile £363 £301 £299
25th Percentile £450 £404 £387
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £533 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +12.11% - -
75th Percentile £650 £575 £575
90th Percentile £725 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - +2.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 24 41
10th Percentile £11.00 £16.43 £13.50
25th Percentile £15.33 £21.63 £15.50
Median hourly rate £32.45 £27.50 £24.65
Median % change year-on-year +18.00% +11.56% +8.16%
75th Percentile £49.50 £36.66 £36.70
90th Percentile £61.38 £57.10 £56.25
UK median hourly rate £32.40 £26.50 £23.75
% change year-on-year +22.26% +11.58% -5.00%

Continuous Improvement is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 62,904 26,639 65,393
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.24% 87.01% 86.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 44,556 18,375 44,233
10th Percentile £321 £300 £300
25th Percentile £415 £375 £377
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% - -
75th Percentile £625 £575 £575
90th Percentile £713 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £523 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +3.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,544 844 1,905
10th Percentile £12.24 £11.75 £11.71
25th Percentile £15.00 £15.69 £14.78
Median hourly rate £24.81 £26.98 £22.36
Median % change year-on-year -8.04% +20.69% +11.78%
75th Percentile £49.50 £46.50 £46.00
90th Percentile £63.93 £57.50 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £26.51 £22.36
% change year-on-year -5.68% +18.56% +11.78%

Continuous Improvement
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Improvement as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England over the 6 months to 27 November 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England over the 6 months to 27 November 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement within the England region over the 6 months to 27 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +72 1,245 £575 +15.00% 309
North of England +10 263 £485 +7.72% 215
South East -14 214 £515 +5.37% 147
Midlands +23 206 £473 +5.00% 156
North West +17 136 £450 -3.23% 122
West Midlands +22 134 £463 +1.65% 109
Yorkshire +7 109 £525 +10.53% 59
South West -24 104 £500 -4.76% 68
East of England +3 76 £450 +32.74% 73
East Midlands 0 72 £475 +49.37% 47
North East -9 23 £475 +11.76% 34
Continuous Improvement
UK

For the 6 months to 27 November 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Improvement also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Improvement.

1 1,204 (53.65%) Agile Software Development
2 702 (31.28%) Social Skills
3 557 (24.82%) Finance
4 415 (18.49%) DevOps
5 391 (17.42%) Scrum
6 386 (17.20%) Problem-Solving
7 304 (13.55%) Project Management
8 300 (13.37%) Azure
9 264 (11.76%) SQL
10 254 (11.32%) Java
11 245 (10.92%) Coaching
12 243 (10.83%) AWS
13 241 (10.74%) Change Management
14 239 (10.65%) Stakeholder Management
15 238 (10.61%) Analytical Skills
16 235 (10.47%) Test Automation
17 233 (10.38%) TDD
18 228 (10.16%) JavaScript
19 218 (9.71%) JIRA
20 216 (9.63%) Project Delivery
21 203 (9.05%) Microsoft
22 199 (8.87%) C#
23 197 (8.78%) Continuous Integration
24 196 (8.73%) Microservices
25 193 (8.60%) Jenkins
26 192 (8.56%) Software Engineering
27 189 (8.42%) Kubernetes
28 183 (8.16%) QA
29 182 (8.11%) Docker
30 179 (7.98%) Degree

Continuous Improvement
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 96 (4.28%) Confluence
2 69 (3.07%) SharePoint
3 36 (1.60%) Elasticsearch
4 28 (1.25%) Apache Spark
5 27 (1.20%) CMS
6 22 (0.98%) BizTalk Server
6 22 (0.98%) Tomcat
7 13 (0.58%) GemFire
8 12 (0.53%) Apache
9 9 (0.40%) Drupal
9 9 (0.40%) IIS
10 8 (0.36%) nginx
11 6 (0.27%) Camunda
12 5 (0.22%) JBoss
12 5 (0.22%) Sitecore CMS
12 5 (0.22%) WebLogic
12 5 (0.22%) WebSphere
13 4 (0.18%) IBM Domino
13 4 (0.18%) Moodle
13 4 (0.18%) SAS
Applications
1 79 (3.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 53 (2.36%) Microsoft Office
3 36 (1.60%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 32 (1.43%) Microsoft Project
5 18 (0.80%) MS Visio
6 12 (0.53%) Chatbot
7 9 (0.40%) Figma
8 8 (0.36%) Sketch
9 6 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
10 4 (0.18%) Marvel
11 3 (0.13%) InVision
12 2 (0.089%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 2 (0.089%) Zeplin
13 1 (0.045%) Adobe After Effects
13 1 (0.045%) Adobe Captivate
13 1 (0.045%) CINEMA 4D
13 1 (0.045%) Open Workbench
13 1 (0.045%) Oracle Smart View
13 1 (0.045%) Photoshop
13 1 (0.045%) ProjectWise
Business Applications
1 14 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.58%) SAP S/4HANA
3 8 (0.36%) SAP Hybris
4 7 (0.31%) SAP HCM
5 5 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 5 (0.22%) SAP MDG
6 4 (0.18%) Cloudability
7 3 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.13%) SAP GTS
7 3 (0.13%) SAP MM
7 3 (0.13%) Unit4 Business World
8 2 (0.089%) Maximo
8 2 (0.089%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.089%) Oracle General Ledger
8 2 (0.089%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 2 (0.089%) SAP CAR
8 2 (0.089%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.089%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
8 2 (0.089%) SAP Retail
8 2 (0.089%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 300 (13.37%) Azure
2 243 (10.83%) AWS
3 96 (4.28%) GCP
4 81 (3.61%) Microsoft 365
5 77 (3.43%) Power Platform
6 60 (2.67%) Serverless
7 43 (1.92%) GitHub
8 42 (1.87%) SaaS
9 38 (1.69%) AWS Lambda
9 38 (1.69%) npm
10 36 (1.60%) PaaS
11 35 (1.56%) Yarn
12 28 (1.25%) Azure Functions
13 27 (1.20%) Azure Logic Apps
14 26 (1.16%) OpenShift
15 25 (1.11%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 25 (1.11%) Dynamics 365
16 23 (1.02%) BrowserStack
16 23 (1.02%) PowerApps
17 22 (0.98%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 56 (2.50%) Firewall
2 37 (1.65%) LAN
3 34 (1.52%) RTMP
4 31 (1.38%) DNS
5 24 (1.07%) TCP/IP
6 23 (1.02%) Internet
7 22 (0.98%) WAN
8 21 (0.94%) DHCP
8 21 (0.94%) Network Security
9 18 (0.80%) HTTP
10 17 (0.76%) Radio Access Network
11 13 (0.58%) AMQP
11 13 (0.58%) Wireless
12 11 (0.49%) LTE
12 11 (0.49%) VoLTE
13 10 (0.45%) 5G
13 10 (0.45%) Intranet
13 10 (0.45%) MVNO
13 10 (0.45%) WLAN
14 9 (0.40%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 99 (4.41%) Relational Database
2 97 (4.32%) SQL Server
3 79 (3.52%) NoSQL
4 68 (3.03%) MongoDB
5 64 (2.85%) Power BI
6 46 (2.05%) Big Data
7 36 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
7 36 (1.60%) Hadoop
8 31 (1.38%) Apache Hive
9 30 (1.34%) Apache Cassandra
9 30 (1.34%) Redis
10 29 (1.29%) Azure SQL Database
11 27 (1.20%) Tableau
12 25 (1.11%) PostgreSQL
13 21 (0.94%) RDBMS
14 17 (0.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 17 (0.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 16 (0.71%) Amazon RDS
15 16 (0.71%) HBase
15 16 (0.71%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 218 (9.71%) JIRA
2 193 (8.60%) Jenkins
3 150 (6.68%) Git (software)
4 79 (3.52%) Selenium
5 64 (2.85%) Cucumber
6 52 (2.32%) Sonatype Nexus
7 42 (1.87%) Bitbucket
8 40 (1.78%) Gatling
9 39 (1.74%) Mocha
10 38 (1.69%) TeamCity
11 37 (1.65%) Artifactory
11 37 (1.65%) Maven
12 35 (1.56%) webpack
13 32 (1.43%) JMeter
13 32 (1.43%) JUnit
14 27 (1.20%) Cypress.io
14 27 (1.20%) Postman
14 27 (1.20%) SonarQube
15 26 (1.16%) GitLab
16 21 (0.94%) SoapUI
General
1 702 (31.28%) Social Skills
2 557 (24.82%) Finance
3 238 (10.61%) Analytical Skills
4 176 (7.84%) Public Sector
5 167 (7.44%) Banking
6 118 (5.26%) Influencing Skills
7 116 (5.17%) Front Office
8 106 (4.72%) Presentation Skills
9 100 (4.46%) Retail
10 99 (4.41%) Telecoms
11 84 (3.74%) Legal
12 72 (3.21%) Marketing
13 66 (2.94%) Investment Banking
14 43 (1.92%) Organisational Skills
15 42 (1.87%) Manufacturing
16 24 (1.07%) Law
17 22 (0.98%) Inclusion and Diversity
18 20 (0.89%) Aerospace
18 20 (0.89%) Local Government
19 18 (0.80%) Billing
Job Titles
1 428 (19.07%) Developer
2 248 (11.05%) Analyst
3 168 (7.49%) Project Manager
4 98 (4.37%) Delivery Manager
5 96 (4.28%) Consultant
6 95 (4.23%) Scrum Master
7 88 (3.92%) Architect
8 81 (3.61%) Business Analyst
8 81 (3.61%) DevOps Engineer
9 80 (3.57%) Java Developer
10 76 (3.39%) C# Developer
11 61 (2.72%) Software Engineer
12 60 (2.67%) JavaScript Developer
13 57 (2.54%) Full Stack Developer
14 56 (2.50%) React Developer
15 55 (2.45%) Solutions Architect
16 54 (2.41%) Senior Developer
17 52 (2.32%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 51 (2.27%) Agile Coach
19 48 (2.14%) Service Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 167 (7.44%) .NET
1 167 (7.44%) React
2 160 (7.13%) CSS
3 150 (6.68%) HTML
4 122 (5.44%) AngularJS
5 117 (5.21%) REST
6 100 (4.46%) RESTful
7 97 (4.32%) Node.js
8 81 (3.61%) Kafka
9 76 (3.39%) Web Services
10 73 (3.25%) Spring
11 70 (3.12%) Reactive Extensions
12 65 (2.90%) Spring Boot
13 54 (2.41%) .NET Core
13 54 (2.41%) JSON
14 53 (2.36%) HTML5
15 51 (2.27%) Elastic Stack
16 47 (2.09%) Redux
17 45 (2.01%) WPF
18 39 (1.74%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 172 (7.66%) User Experience
2 104 (4.63%) Management Information System
3 94 (4.19%) Self-Motivation
4 72 (3.21%) Mobile App
5 60 (2.67%) Data Protection Act
6 57 (2.54%) Cloud Native
7 53 (2.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 52 (2.32%) Enterprise Software
9 40 (1.78%) Public Cloud
10 35 (1.56%) Data Structures
10 35 (1.56%) Legacy Systems
11 32 (1.43%) Data Centre
11 32 (1.43%) Virtual Team
12 30 (1.34%) CMDB
13 28 (1.25%) Algorithms
14 24 (1.07%) NHS
15 22 (0.98%) Greenfield Project
16 20 (0.89%) PMI
17 18 (0.80%) Client/Server
17 18 (0.80%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 144 (6.42%) Linux
2 141 (6.28%) Windows
3 86 (3.83%) Unix
4 49 (2.18%) Apple iOS
5 33 (1.47%) Android
6 25 (1.11%) Windows Server
7 15 (0.67%) Windows 10
8 10 (0.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 9 (0.40%) VMS
10 7 (0.31%) Mac OS
11 5 (0.22%) Ubuntu
12 4 (0.18%) Mac OS X
12 4 (0.18%) Windows 7
12 4 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
13 3 (0.13%) CentOS
13 3 (0.13%) Solaris
13 3 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
13 3 (0.13%) Windows Server 2019
14 2 (0.089%) Windows Server 2003
15 1 (0.045%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,204 (53.65%) Agile Software Development
2 415 (18.49%) DevOps
3 391 (17.42%) Scrum
4 386 (17.20%) Problem-Solving
5 304 (13.55%) Project Management
6 245 (10.92%) Coaching
7 241 (10.74%) Change Management
8 239 (10.65%) Stakeholder Management
9 235 (10.47%) Test Automation
10 233 (10.38%) TDD
11 216 (9.63%) Project Delivery
12 197 (8.78%) Continuous Integration
13 196 (8.73%) Microservices
14 192 (8.56%) Software Engineering
15 178 (7.93%) Mentoring
16 158 (7.04%) SDLC
17 157 (7.00%) Analytics
18 155 (6.91%) Full Stack Development
19 153 (6.82%) Decision-Making
20 143 (6.37%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 264 (11.76%) SQL
2 254 (11.32%) Java
3 228 (10.16%) JavaScript
4 199 (8.87%) C#
5 164 (7.31%) Python
6 148 (6.60%) TypeScript
7 55 (2.45%) Scala
8 45 (2.01%) Groovy
9 43 (1.92%) PowerShell
10 42 (1.87%) Bash Shell
10 42 (1.87%) PL/SQL
11 37 (1.65%) C++
11 37 (1.65%) T-SQL
12 33 (1.47%) C
12 33 (1.47%) Go
13 31 (1.38%) Java 8
14 30 (1.34%) ES6
14 30 (1.34%) XAML
15 23 (1.02%) Apple Swift
16 15 (0.67%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 179 (7.98%) Degree
2 167 (7.44%) Security Cleared
3 111 (4.95%) SC Cleared
4 32 (1.43%) BPSS Clearance
5 29 (1.29%) Computer Science Degree
5 29 (1.29%) ISTQB
5 29 (1.29%) PMI Certification
6 27 (1.20%) CISSP
7 24 (1.07%) CISM
8 23 (1.02%) Cisco Certification
8 23 (1.02%) PMP
9 22 (0.98%) DV Cleared
10 21 (0.94%) ISEB
10 21 (0.94%) ITIL Certification
11 19 (0.85%) CISA
11 19 (0.85%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 17 (0.76%) CRISC
12 17 (0.76%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 14 (0.62%) APMP
13 14 (0.62%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 183 (8.16%) QA
2 84 (3.74%) PMO
3 58 (2.58%) SLA
4 56 (2.50%) GDPR
5 45 (2.01%) Accessibility
6 44 (1.96%) GRC
7 36 (1.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 29 (1.29%) Data Quality
9 13 (0.58%) COBIT
9 13 (0.58%) NIST
10 12 (0.53%) PCI DSS
11 10 (0.45%) Cyber Essentials
11 10 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 9 (0.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 8 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 8 (0.36%) WCAG
14 7 (0.31%) ISO 22301
15 5 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
16 4 (0.18%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
17 3 (0.13%) Actionable Recommendations
System Software
1 182 (8.11%) Docker
2 50 (2.23%) Active Directory
3 27 (1.20%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (0.76%) HDFS
4 17 (0.76%) vSphere
5 14 (0.62%) VMware ESXi
6 6 (0.27%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.22%) Firmware
8 4 (0.18%) Oracle RAC
8 4 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
9 3 (0.13%) NFS
9 3 (0.13%) Slurm Workload Manager
9 3 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
10 2 (0.089%) Microsoft App-V
10 2 (0.089%) XenApp
11 1 (0.045%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 1 (0.045%) IAG
11 1 (0.045%) LXC
11 1 (0.045%) Squid
11 1 (0.045%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 189 (8.42%) Kubernetes
2 117 (5.21%) Ansible
3 80 (3.57%) Terraform
4 34 (1.52%) Kibana
5 30 (1.34%) Prometheus
6 25 (1.11%) Grafana
7 24 (1.07%) ITRS Geneos
8 22 (0.98%) logstash
9 18 (0.80%) BladeLogic
10 17 (0.76%) Opscode Chef
10 17 (0.76%) RSA Archer
11 16 (0.71%) Graphite
12 14 (0.62%) Puppet
13 13 (0.58%) SCCM
14 12 (0.53%) Istio
15 10 (0.45%) HP Fortify
16 9 (0.40%) HP ALM
16 9 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
17 8 (0.36%) Microsoft Intune
17 8 (0.36%) MIIS
Vendors
1 203 (9.05%) Microsoft
2 158 (7.04%) Oracle
3 106 (4.72%) SAP
4 63 (2.81%) ServiceNow
5 51 (2.27%) Salesforce.com
6 49 (2.18%) Google
7 43 (1.92%) VMware
8 42 (1.87%) Splunk
9 29 (1.29%) Cisco
10 25 (1.11%) Ab Initio
11 24 (1.07%) MuleSoft
12 20 (0.89%) Cadence
13 19 (0.85%) CA Agile Central
14 18 (0.80%) CyberArk
15 17 (0.76%) Red Hat
16 16 (0.71%) Atlassian
17 15 (0.67%) MapR
18 14 (0.62%) Perfecto Mobile
19 12 (0.53%) hybris
19 12 (0.53%) Qualys