Period
to 19 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Improvement skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continual Improvement
UK > England
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 112 111 118
Rank change year-on-year -1 +7 +56
Contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement 2,269 2,123 1,999
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.37% 2.23% 2.10%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.73% 2.60% 2.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,342 1,448 1,283
England median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £313 £307 £280
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £468 £463 £443
% change year-on-year +1.08% +4.40% +5.48%
Number of hourly rates quoted 73 57 46
England median hourly rate £27.50 £27.50 £27.50
10th Percentile £12.50 £19.25 £14.13
90th Percentile £57.50 £41.05 £34.88
UK median hourly rate £27.50 £27.50 £27.50

Continuous Improvement is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 83,196 81,764 81,513
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.86% 86.07% 85.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,759 55,105 54,160
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £300 £285 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +2.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,091 1,892 2,244
England median hourly rate £22.50 £25.00 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.00% +6.38% +6.82%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.75 £49.98 £48.00
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £24.00 £22.84
% change year-on-year -6.25% +5.10% +3.80%

Continuous Improvement
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Improvement as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement in England over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in England

Continuous Improvement
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement within the England region over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 977 £500 -2.44% 235
South East -12 476 £475 +10.21% 129
North of England +10 315 £440 +3.53% 164
Midlands +10 190 £425 +4.94% 106
East of England -3 153 £513 +10.81% 78
South West -19 152 £475 +17.28% 72
West Midlands +22 148 £425 - 58
North West +25 143 £450 +1.98% 86
Yorkshire -1 120 £440 +3.53% 57
North East +2 56 £425 - 21
East Midlands +2 42 £400 - 48
Continuous Improvement
UK

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Improvement also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Improvement.

1 1,248 (55.00%) Agile Software Development
2 533 (23.49%) Finance
3 412 (18.16%) Scrum
4 359 (15.82%) Problem-Solving
5 331 (14.59%) Test Automation
6 326 (14.37%) DevOps
7 308 (13.57%) Java
7 308 (13.57%) Microsoft
8 293 (12.91%) SQL
9 283 (12.47%) TDD
10 275 (12.12%) JavaScript
11 262 (11.55%) Continuous Integration
12 258 (11.37%) Project Management
13 251 (11.06%) Analytical Skills
14 243 (10.71%) Coaching
15 236 (10.40%) Windows
16 235 (10.36%) Git (software)
17 231 (10.18%) Jenkins
18 229 (10.09%) Microsoft Azure
19 220 (9.70%) Stakeholder Management
20 217 (9.56%) JIRA
21 215 (9.48%) Mentoring
22 213 (9.39%) C#
23 212 (9.34%) Security Cleared
24 203 (8.95%) Degree
25 202 (8.90%) .NET
26 196 (8.64%) QA
27 191 (8.42%) Linux
28 190 (8.37%) ITIL
29 189 (8.33%) Analytics

Continuous Improvement
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 110 (4.85%) Confluence
2 65 (2.86%) SharePoint
3 54 (2.38%) CMS
4 45 (1.98%) IIS
5 35 (1.54%) Tomcat
6 34 (1.50%) MS Exchange
7 26 (1.15%) BizTalk Server
8 25 (1.10%) Apache
9 23 (1.01%) nginx
10 22 (0.97%) Elasticsearch
11 21 (0.93%) JBoss
12 20 (0.88%) SAS
13 19 (0.84%) Exchange Server 2010
13 19 (0.84%) Umbraco
14 18 (0.79%) Skype for Business
15 16 (0.71%) WebSphere
16 15 (0.66%) Apache Spark
16 15 (0.66%) WebLogic
17 13 (0.57%) Exchange Server 2013
18 10 (0.44%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 119 (5.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 112 (4.94%) Microsoft Office
3 51 (2.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 42 (1.85%) MS Visio
5 27 (1.19%) Microsoft Project
6 13 (0.57%) Maya
7 10 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.26%) Adobe Captivate
9 5 (0.22%) Photoshop
10 2 (0.088%) Acrobat
10 2 (0.088%) Adobe After Effects
10 2 (0.088%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.088%) InDesign
10 2 (0.088%) InVision
10 2 (0.088%) OmniGraffle
11 1 (0.044%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 38 (1.67%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.48%) Remedy ITSM
2 11 (0.48%) SAP S/4HANA
3 10 (0.44%) Dynamics AX
3 10 (0.44%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 9 (0.40%) Maximo
5 7 (0.31%) CA PPM
6 5 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
7 4 (0.18%) SAP CRM
7 4 (0.18%) SAP MM
8 3 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
8 3 (0.13%) SAP GTS
8 3 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
9 2 (0.088%) Oracle BPM
9 2 (0.088%) Oracle ERP
9 2 (0.088%) Sage 50
9 2 (0.088%) SAP FI
9 2 (0.088%) SAP FI/CO
9 2 (0.088%) SAP SD
9 2 (0.088%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 229 (10.09%) Microsoft Azure
2 162 (7.14%) Amazon AWS
3 96 (4.23%) Office 365
4 74 (3.26%) GitHub
5 52 (2.29%) PaaS
6 35 (1.54%) IaaS
7 30 (1.32%) Google Analytics
7 30 (1.32%) SaaS
8 25 (1.10%) Cloud Computing
9 23 (1.01%) Dynamics 365
10 22 (0.97%) Google Cloud Platform
11 20 (0.88%) AWS CloudFormation
12 18 (0.79%) OneDrive
13 16 (0.71%) Amazon EC2
14 15 (0.66%) Azure Active Directory
15 14 (0.62%) OpenShift
15 14 (0.62%) Serverless
16 12 (0.53%) Amazon SQS
17 11 (0.48%) npm
18 10 (0.44%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 73 (3.22%) Firewall
2 49 (2.16%) DNS
3 44 (1.94%) Network Security
4 37 (1.63%) HTTP
5 36 (1.59%) TCP/IP
5 36 (1.59%) VPN
6 31 (1.37%) SSL
6 31 (1.37%) WAN
7 27 (1.19%) DHCP
8 25 (1.10%) Internet
9 23 (1.01%) LAN
10 22 (0.97%) VoIP
11 20 (0.88%) Skype
12 19 (0.84%) Intranet
13 18 (0.79%) Cisco IOS
14 13 (0.57%) Cisco ASA
14 13 (0.57%) SAN
15 11 (0.48%) Unified Communications
16 9 (0.40%) Structured Cabling
17 8 (0.35%) Junos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 120 (5.29%) SQL Server
2 82 (3.61%) NoSQL
2 82 (3.61%) Relational Database
3 56 (2.47%) MongoDB
4 50 (2.20%) Data Warehouse
5 45 (1.98%) Big Data
6 41 (1.81%) MySQL
7 38 (1.67%) Power BI
8 33 (1.45%) PostgreSQL
9 27 (1.19%) Data Lake
10 24 (1.06%) SQL Server 2012
11 19 (0.84%) BusinessObjects
12 18 (0.79%) Oracle Database
13 17 (0.75%) Apache Hive
13 17 (0.75%) Hadoop
13 17 (0.75%) Oracle Reports
13 17 (0.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 15 (0.66%) GIS
15 13 (0.57%) Amazon RDS
15 13 (0.57%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 235 (10.36%) Git (software)
2 231 (10.18%) Jenkins
3 217 (9.56%) JIRA
4 131 (5.77%) Selenium
5 88 (3.88%) TeamCity
6 65 (2.86%) gulp
7 64 (2.82%) Cucumber
8 52 (2.29%) Maven
9 46 (2.03%) SoapUI
10 42 (1.85%) Bitbucket
11 41 (1.81%) Gradle
12 40 (1.76%) Karma Test Runner
13 38 (1.67%) IntelliJ
13 38 (1.67%) Team Foundation Server
14 36 (1.59%) Grunt
14 36 (1.59%) Octopus Deploy
15 35 (1.54%) JUnit
15 35 (1.54%) Visual Studio
16 34 (1.50%) Subversion
17 33 (1.45%) SonarQube
General
1 533 (23.49%) Finance
2 129 (5.69%) Banking
3 96 (4.23%) Marketing
4 92 (4.05%) Telecoms
5 82 (3.61%) Retail
6 56 (2.47%) Front Office
7 44 (1.94%) Back Office
8 38 (1.67%) Manufacturing
9 37 (1.63%) Legal
10 30 (1.32%) Games
11 28 (1.23%) Pharmaceutical
12 25 (1.10%) Law
13 20 (0.88%) Investment Banking
14 19 (0.84%) Electronics
15 17 (0.75%) Billing
16 15 (0.66%) Publishing
17 14 (0.62%) Advertising
18 8 (0.35%) Digital Economy
19 7 (0.31%) Aerospace
19 7 (0.31%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 455 (20.05%) Developer
2 342 (15.07%) Analyst
3 133 (5.86%) Architect
4 130 (5.73%) Project Manager
5 117 (5.16%) Business Analyst
6 98 (4.32%) Java Developer
7 96 (4.23%) Scrum Master
8 75 (3.31%) User Researcher
9 72 (3.17%) Consultant
10 69 (3.04%) .NET Developer
11 67 (2.95%) C# Developer
11 67 (2.95%) DevOps Engineer
12 63 (2.78%) Delivery Manager
13 59 (2.60%) Solutions Architect
14 52 (2.29%) Senior Developer
15 50 (2.20%) Agile Coach
16 46 (2.03%) Service Manager
17 44 (1.94%) IT Manager
18 40 (1.76%) Full Stack Developer
19 38 (1.67%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 202 (8.90%) .NET
2 185 (8.15%) Web Services
3 175 (7.71%) AngularJS
4 170 (7.49%) HTML
5 147 (6.48%) CSS
6 129 (5.69%) REST
7 110 (4.85%) React
8 108 (4.76%) RESTful
9 90 (3.97%) XML
10 89 (3.92%) Node.js
11 87 (3.83%) HTML5
12 85 (3.75%) Spring
13 82 (3.61%) SOAP
14 81 (3.57%) JSON
15 71 (3.13%) jQuery
16 66 (2.91%) ASP.NET
17 59 (2.60%) Gherkin
18 55 (2.42%) .NET Framework
19 52 (2.29%) J2EE
20 50 (2.20%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 251 (11.06%) Analytical Skills
2 170 (7.49%) User Experience
3 109 (4.80%) Management Information System
4 80 (3.53%) Self-Motivation
5 53 (2.34%) Data Centre
6 51 (2.25%) Blog
7 44 (1.94%) Virtual Team
8 42 (1.85%) Greenfield Project
9 35 (1.54%) Fixed Income
10 34 (1.50%) Mobile App
11 33 (1.45%) Public Cloud
12 30 (1.32%) Fintech
13 29 (1.28%) Enterprise Software
14 21 (0.93%) Data Structures
15 20 (0.88%) Cyberthreat
15 20 (0.88%) Tandem
16 19 (0.84%) Social Media
17 18 (0.79%) Blackberry
17 18 (0.79%) iPhone
18 16 (0.71%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 236 (10.40%) Windows
2 191 (8.42%) Linux
3 106 (4.67%) Unix
4 75 (3.31%) Windows Server
5 62 (2.73%) Apple iOS
6 60 (2.64%) Android
7 57 (2.51%) Windows 10
8 31 (1.37%) Windows Server 2012
9 30 (1.32%) Windows 7
10 27 (1.19%) Ubuntu
11 24 (1.06%) Windows Server 2008
12 22 (0.97%) Mac OS
13 20 (0.88%) Solaris
14 18 (0.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 7 (0.31%) Mac OS X
16 6 (0.26%) CentOS
17 3 (0.13%) Windows 8
18 1 (0.044%) AIX
18 1 (0.044%) SUSE
18 1 (0.044%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,248 (55.00%) Agile Software Development
2 412 (18.16%) Scrum
3 359 (15.82%) Problem-Solving
4 331 (14.59%) Test Automation
5 326 (14.37%) DevOps
6 283 (12.47%) TDD
7 262 (11.55%) Continuous Integration
8 258 (11.37%) Project Management
9 243 (10.71%) Coaching
10 220 (9.70%) Stakeholder Management
11 215 (9.48%) Mentoring
12 190 (8.37%) ITIL
13 189 (8.33%) Analytics
14 183 (8.07%) User Stories
15 173 (7.62%) Kanban
16 166 (7.32%) Service Management
17 165 (7.27%) BDD
18 157 (6.92%) Microservices
19 156 (6.88%) Software Engineering
20 147 (6.48%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 308 (13.57%) Java
2 293 (12.91%) SQL
3 275 (12.12%) JavaScript
4 213 (9.39%) C#
5 143 (6.30%) Python
6 84 (3.70%) Scala
7 75 (3.31%) Groovy
8 63 (2.78%) PowerShell
9 59 (2.60%) Perl
10 58 (2.56%) Ruby
11 47 (2.07%) TypeScript
12 37 (1.63%) Bash Shell
13 36 (1.59%) Shell Script
14 34 (1.50%) C
15 31 (1.37%) PL/SQL
16 24 (1.06%) T-SQL
17 22 (0.97%) Haskell
18 21 (0.93%) PHP
19 17 (0.75%) ES6
20 16 (0.71%) R
Qualifications
1 212 (9.34%) Security Cleared
2 203 (8.95%) Degree
3 138 (6.08%) SC Cleared
4 51 (2.25%) DV Cleared
5 28 (1.23%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
6 24 (1.06%) BPSS Clearance
6 24 (1.06%) ISEB
7 23 (1.01%) Six Sigma Black Belt
8 22 (0.97%) Cisco Certification
9 20 (0.88%) Computer Science Degree
10 19 (0.84%) PMI Certification
11 18 (0.79%) A+ Certification
12 15 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
13 14 (0.62%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 13 (0.57%) CTC Cleared
14 13 (0.57%) ISTQB
14 13 (0.57%) ITIL Certification
15 12 (0.53%) CIMA
16 11 (0.48%) ACCA
16 11 (0.48%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 196 (8.64%) QA
2 85 (3.75%) SLA
3 62 (2.73%) PMO
4 42 (1.85%) Data Quality
5 36 (1.59%) GDPR
6 25 (1.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 21 (0.93%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 13 (0.57%) PCI DSS
9 11 (0.48%) ISO 9001
10 8 (0.35%) COBIT
11 5 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
12 3 (0.13%) COSO
12 3 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials
12 3 (0.13%) ISO 22301
12 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 3 (0.13%) PMBOK
12 3 (0.13%) WCAG
13 2 (0.088%) GxP
13 2 (0.088%) ISAE 3402
System Software
1 132 (5.82%) Docker
2 122 (5.38%) Active Directory
3 56 (2.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.53%) Firmware
4 12 (0.53%) Hyper-V
5 11 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (0.40%) VMware Server
6 9 (0.40%) vSphere
7 8 (0.35%) XenApp
7 8 (0.35%) XenDesktop
8 5 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
9 4 (0.18%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 4 (0.18%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 4 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
10 3 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
11 2 (0.088%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.088%) HDFS
11 2 (0.088%) Snort
11 2 (0.088%) Squid
12 1 (0.044%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 90 (3.97%) Kubernetes
2 84 (3.70%) Ansible
3 77 (3.39%) Puppet
4 49 (2.16%) SCCM
5 41 (1.81%) Grafana
5 41 (1.81%) Kibana
6 37 (1.63%) Opscode Chef
7 36 (1.59%) Terraform
8 18 (0.79%) ITRS Geneos
9 17 (0.75%) Packer
10 15 (0.66%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 13 (0.57%) HP ALM
12 11 (0.48%) logstash
13 10 (0.44%) BladeLogic
13 10 (0.44%) Rancher
13 10 (0.44%) WSUS
14 9 (0.40%) Backup Exec
14 9 (0.40%) McAfee ePO
15 8 (0.35%) Nagios
16 7 (0.31%) Cisco CUCM
Vendors
1 308 (13.57%) Microsoft
2 150 (6.61%) Oracle
3 90 (3.97%) SAP
3 90 (3.97%) VMware
4 74 (3.26%) Google
5 54 (2.38%) Cisco
6 52 (2.29%) Atlassian
7 46 (2.03%) Citrix
8 45 (1.98%) Apple
9 37 (1.63%) ServiceNow
10 35 (1.54%) IBM
11 33 (1.45%) Adobe
12 31 (1.37%) Remedy
13 26 (1.15%) HP
14 24 (1.06%) McAfee
14 24 (1.06%) Red Hat
15 23 (1.01%) Huawei
16 22 (0.97%) Cloudera
17 21 (0.93%) Salesforce.com
18 20 (0.88%) Workday