Period
to 15 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 15 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 72 75 70
Rank change year-on-year +3 -5 -6
Contract jobs citing QA 1,029 1,963 3,218
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.05% 2.94% 3.53%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 28.80% 28.72% 32.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 812 1,277 2,269
Median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £313 £300 £305
90th Percentile £600 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +4.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 50 41
Median hourly rate £19.09 £23.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.78% -37.33% +71.23%
10th Percentile £12.03 £10.25 £10.75
90th Percentile £36.83 £53.75 £48.25
UK median hourly rate £20.50 £25.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year -18.00% -30.56% +64.38%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 3,573 6,834 9,819
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 10.59% 10.24% 10.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,292 4,415 6,359
Median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £263 £234 £256
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 193 290 322
Median hourly rate £21.50 £20.48 £20.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.99% +1.15% +1.23%
10th Percentile £10.76 £11.47 £10.83
90th Percentile £52.90 £53.08 £48.18
Median hourly rate £21.05 £20.50 £20.24
% change year-on-year +2.68% +1.31% +1.18%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 15 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 15 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 15 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 580 £475 -5.00% 195
North of England +17 131 £450 +12.50% 101
South East -19 120 £440 +3.53% 110
Midlands +43 99 £382 -4.50% 65
North West +48 81 £450 +13.21% 55
West Midlands +69 80 £375 -11.76% 31
East of England +37 34 £450 +12.50% 43
Yorkshire -1 32 £438 -0.57% 31
South West +6 26 £475 +11.76% 49
East Midlands +2 19 £445 +27.14% 34
North East -7 18 £425 +6.25% 15
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 15 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 447 (43.44%) Agile Software Development
2 286 (27.79%) Test Automation
3 233 (22.64%) Java
4 213 (20.70%) SQL
5 170 (16.52%) Finance
6 168 (16.33%) DevOps
7 156 (15.16%) JIRA
8 155 (15.06%) Security Cleared
9 150 (14.58%) Selenium
10 141 (13.70%) JavaScript
10 141 (13.70%) Scrum
11 139 (13.51%) SC Cleared
12 137 (13.31%) Azure
12 137 (13.31%) Python
13 133 (12.93%) TDD
14 126 (12.24%) Problem-Solving
15 116 (11.27%) AWS
15 116 (11.27%) BDD
16 104 (10.11%) Microsoft
16 104 (10.11%) Jenkins
17 100 (9.72%) SDLC
18 97 (9.43%) Git (software)
19 96 (9.33%) Analytical Skills
19 96 (9.33%) Public Sector
20 92 (8.94%) Continuous Integration
21 91 (8.84%) HTML
22 90 (8.75%) .NET
23 88 (8.55%) Test Strategy
24 87 (8.45%) Microservices
25 86 (8.36%) Oracle

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (7.29%) Confluence
2 35 (3.40%) SharePoint
3 23 (2.24%) CMS
4 22 (2.14%) Apache
5 19 (1.85%) Apache Spark
6 11 (1.07%) IIS
7 9 (0.87%) Appian
7 9 (0.87%) Elasticsearch
8 8 (0.78%) JBoss
8 8 (0.78%) Tomcat
8 8 (0.78%) WebLogic
9 7 (0.68%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 7 (0.68%) MS Exchange
9 7 (0.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 5 (0.49%) Apache Airflow
10 5 (0.49%) nginx
10 5 (0.49%) SharePoint 2013
11 4 (0.39%) ArcGIS
11 4 (0.39%) BizTalk Server
12 3 (0.29%) WildFly
Applications
1 33 (3.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 26 (2.53%) Microsoft Office
3 12 (1.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 10 (0.97%) Microsoft Project
5 8 (0.78%) MS Visio
6 7 (0.68%) Figma
7 2 (0.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 2 (0.19%) AutoCAD
7 2 (0.19%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.19%) Revit
8 1 (0.097%) Adobe After Effects
8 1 (0.097%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.097%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.097%) Fusion 360
8 1 (0.097%) InVision
8 1 (0.097%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.097%) Sketch
8 1 (0.097%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.097%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 10 (0.97%) Magento
1 10 (0.97%) SAP FI-CA
1 10 (0.97%) SAP PSCD
2 8 (0.78%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.78%) Oracle ERP
3 6 (0.58%) BASE24
4 4 (0.39%) Shopify
5 3 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
5 3 (0.29%) SAP S/4HANA
5 3 (0.29%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 2 (0.19%) Eloqua
6 2 (0.19%) Maximo
6 2 (0.19%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.19%) OpenText Process Suite
6 2 (0.19%) Oracle FAH
6 2 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
6 2 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
6 2 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.19%) StreamServe
6 2 (0.19%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 137 (13.31%) Azure
2 116 (11.27%) AWS
3 39 (3.79%) GitHub
4 34 (3.30%) Power Platform
5 28 (2.72%) GCP
6 25 (2.43%) SaaS
7 24 (2.33%) Amazon S3
8 21 (2.04%) Office 365
9 17 (1.65%) Serverless
10 15 (1.46%) AWS Lambda
11 14 (1.36%) Slack
12 13 (1.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 10 (0.97%) Amazon ECS
13 10 (0.97%) Azure Data Factory
13 10 (0.97%) Dynamics 365
14 9 (0.87%) Azure Active Directory
15 8 (0.78%) Amazon SQS
15 8 (0.78%) AWS CloudFormation
15 8 (0.78%) AWS Step Functions
15 8 (0.78%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 32 (3.11%) HTTP
2 18 (1.75%) TCP/IP
3 14 (1.36%) Internet
4 13 (1.26%) DNS
4 13 (1.26%) Firewall
5 10 (0.97%) Network Security
5 10 (0.97%) SSL
5 10 (0.97%) WAN
6 9 (0.87%) ATM
7 7 (0.68%) LAN
8 6 (0.58%) Ethernet
8 6 (0.58%) VPN
9 5 (0.49%) DVB
9 5 (0.49%) VoIP
9 5 (0.49%) Wi-Fi
10 4 (0.39%) EIGRP
10 4 (0.39%) Extranet
10 4 (0.39%) FTP
10 4 (0.39%) SMS
10 4 (0.39%) TACACS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 71 (6.90%) Data Warehouse
2 60 (5.83%) MySQL
3 54 (5.25%) SQL Server
4 36 (3.50%) Data Lake
5 34 (3.30%) Power BI
6 30 (2.92%) Relational Database
7 28 (2.72%) Big Data
8 22 (2.14%) NoSQL
9 20 (1.94%) PostgreSQL
10 19 (1.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 18 (1.75%) Amazon Athena
11 18 (1.75%) Tableau
12 17 (1.65%) Amazon Redshift
13 16 (1.55%) Oracle Database
14 15 (1.46%) Azure SQL Database
14 15 (1.46%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 14 (1.36%) Redis
16 13 (1.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 12 (1.17%) Hadoop
18 11 (1.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 156 (15.16%) JIRA
2 150 (14.58%) Selenium
3 104 (10.11%) Jenkins
4 97 (9.43%) Git (software)
5 66 (6.41%) Cucumber
6 63 (6.12%) JMeter
7 44 (4.28%) SoapUI
8 41 (3.98%) Postman
9 40 (3.89%) Maven
10 36 (3.50%) LoadRunner
11 23 (2.24%) SpecFlow
12 22 (2.14%) GitLab
13 19 (1.85%) Cypress.io
13 19 (1.85%) WebDriver
14 18 (1.75%) JUnit
15 17 (1.65%) Appium
16 14 (1.36%) Team Foundation Server
17 13 (1.26%) GDB
17 13 (1.26%) REST Assured
17 13 (1.26%) Subversion
General
1 170 (16.52%) Finance
2 96 (9.33%) Public Sector
3 56 (5.44%) Banking
4 36 (3.50%) Marketing
5 32 (3.11%) Retail
6 21 (2.04%) Legal
6 21 (2.04%) Telecoms
7 19 (1.85%) Advertising
7 19 (1.85%) Financial Institution
8 17 (1.65%) Manufacturing
9 15 (1.46%) Investment Banking
10 14 (1.36%) Front Office
10 14 (1.36%) Law
11 11 (1.07%) Retail Banking
12 10 (0.97%) Pharmaceutical
13 7 (0.68%) Automotive
14 6 (0.58%) Publishing
15 5 (0.49%) Games
15 5 (0.49%) Spanish Language
16 4 (0.39%) Japanese Language
Job Titles
1 197 (19.14%) Developer
2 160 (15.55%) Analyst
3 105 (10.20%) QA Engineer
4 78 (7.58%) Tester
5 54 (5.25%) Architect
6 48 (4.66%) QA Automation Engineer
6 48 (4.66%) QA Tester
6 48 (4.66%) Test Engineer
7 47 (4.57%) Business Analyst
7 47 (4.57%) Data Engineer
8 43 (4.18%) Automation Engineer
9 38 (3.69%) Consultant
9 38 (3.69%) QA Analyst
9 38 (3.69%) Test Analyst
10 29 (2.82%) AWS Engineer
10 29 (2.82%) Test Manager
11 28 (2.72%) Senior QA Engineer
12 27 (2.62%) Java Engineer
13 24 (2.33%) Automation Tester
14 21 (2.04%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 91 (8.84%) HTML
2 90 (8.75%) .NET
3 72 (7.00%) CSS
4 65 (6.32%) Web Services
5 63 (6.12%) REST
6 62 (6.03%) XML
7 50 (4.86%) JSON
8 48 (4.66%) Node.js
9 46 (4.47%) SOAP
10 42 (4.08%) React
11 38 (3.69%) AngularJS
12 36 (3.50%) HTML5
13 33 (3.21%) RESTful
14 32 (3.11%) Spring
15 21 (2.04%) Gherkin
16 20 (1.94%) CSS3
16 20 (1.94%) Kafka
17 19 (1.85%) FIX Protocol
18 18 (1.75%) .NET Framework
19 17 (1.65%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 96 (9.33%) Analytical Skills
2 75 (7.29%) User Experience
3 36 (3.50%) Management Information System
3 36 (3.50%) Mobile App
4 29 (2.82%) Greenfield Project
5 26 (2.53%) Self-Motivation
6 21 (2.04%) Virtual Team
7 16 (1.55%) Enterprise Software
8 15 (1.46%) Data Structures
9 14 (1.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 14 (1.36%) Public Cloud
10 12 (1.17%) Linux Command Line
11 11 (1.07%) Fixed Income
12 10 (0.97%) NHS
13 9 (0.87%) Algorithms
13 9 (0.87%) Equities
14 8 (0.78%) Acoustics
15 7 (0.68%) Video\Live Streaming
16 6 (0.58%) EMV
16 6 (0.58%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 81 (7.87%) Linux
2 71 (6.90%) Windows
3 53 (5.15%) Unix
4 46 (4.47%) Apple iOS
5 40 (3.89%) Android
6 12 (1.17%) Windows 10
7 7 (0.68%) AIX
8 5 (0.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 4 (0.39%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.39%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.39%) Windows Mobile
10 2 (0.19%) CentOS
10 2 (0.19%) Windows 7
10 2 (0.19%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.097%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.097%) Windows Server 2016
11 1 (0.097%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 447 (43.44%) Agile Software Development
2 286 (27.79%) Test Automation
3 168 (16.33%) DevOps
4 141 (13.70%) Scrum
5 133 (12.93%) TDD
6 126 (12.24%) Problem-Solving
7 116 (11.27%) BDD
8 100 (9.72%) SDLC
9 92 (8.94%) Continuous Integration
10 88 (8.55%) Test Strategy
11 87 (8.45%) Microservices
12 80 (7.77%) ETL
13 79 (7.68%) Business Intelligence
13 79 (7.68%) Project Management
14 76 (7.39%) Open Source
15 73 (7.09%) Performance Testing
16 71 (6.90%) Test Scripting
17 64 (6.22%) Regression Testing
18 63 (6.12%) Stakeholder Management
18 63 (6.12%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 233 (22.64%) Java
2 213 (20.70%) SQL
3 141 (13.70%) JavaScript
4 137 (13.31%) Python
5 81 (7.87%) C#
6 48 (4.66%) C++
7 39 (3.79%) C
8 35 (3.40%) PowerShell
9 32 (3.11%) Ruby
10 29 (2.82%) Java 8
11 25 (2.43%) Bash Shell
12 22 (2.14%) TypeScript
13 21 (2.04%) Perl
13 21 (2.04%) PHP
13 21 (2.04%) PL/SQL
14 18 (1.75%) Scala
15 17 (1.65%) T-SQL
15 17 (1.65%) VB
16 15 (1.46%) Shell Script
17 12 (1.17%) VBA
Qualifications
1 155 (15.06%) Security Cleared
2 139 (13.51%) SC Cleared
3 65 (6.32%) ISTQB
4 60 (5.83%) Degree
5 51 (4.96%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 50 (4.86%) ISEB
7 24 (2.33%) BPSS Clearance
8 22 (2.14%) Computer Science Degree
9 16 (1.55%) AWS Certification
10 9 (0.87%) Cisco Certification
10 9 (0.87%) Master's Degree
11 8 (0.78%) BC Cleared
11 8 (0.78%) CCNP
11 8 (0.78%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 7 (0.68%) DBS Check
13 6 (0.58%) CCNA
13 6 (0.58%) DV Cleared
13 6 (0.58%) ISEB Practitioner
13 6 (0.58%) TOGAF Certification
14 5 (0.49%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (2.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 21 (2.04%) NIST
2 21 (2.04%) PMO
3 18 (1.75%) SLA
4 15 (1.46%) Data Quality
5 8 (0.78%) GDPR
6 7 (0.68%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.49%) Section 508
8 4 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 17025
8 4 (0.39%) WAI
9 3 (0.29%) WCAG
10 2 (0.19%) COREP
10 2 (0.19%) CRD IV
10 2 (0.19%) GxP
10 2 (0.19%) ISO 8583
10 2 (0.19%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 12207
10 2 (0.19%) MiFID
10 2 (0.19%) P3O
11 1 (0.097%) HL7
System Software
1 62 (6.03%) Docker
2 14 (1.36%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.58%) HDFS
4 5 (0.49%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.39%) Hyper-V
5 4 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.19%) KVM
6 2 (0.19%) Microsoft App-V
6 2 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
6 2 (0.19%) Varnish
6 2 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
6 2 (0.19%) Xen
7 1 (0.097%) Firmware
7 1 (0.097%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.097%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.097%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 31 (3.01%) Terraform
2 25 (2.43%) Kubernetes
3 22 (2.14%) HP ALM
4 21 (2.04%) Ansible
4 21 (2.04%) Opscode Chef
5 14 (1.36%) HP Fortify
6 13 (1.26%) Puppet
7 10 (0.97%) HP Quality Center
7 10 (0.97%) Kibana
8 8 (0.78%) SCCM
9 7 (0.68%) Grafana
10 6 (0.58%) Nagios
11 5 (0.49%) Rundeck
12 4 (0.39%) EnCase
12 4 (0.39%) FTK
12 4 (0.39%) Prometheus
13 3 (0.29%) Fluentd
13 3 (0.29%) OpenView
13 3 (0.29%) WebInspect
14 2 (0.19%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 104 (10.11%) Microsoft
2 86 (8.36%) Oracle
3 41 (3.98%) SAP
4 36 (3.50%) HP
5 34 (3.30%) Salesforce.com
6 27 (2.62%) Google
7 23 (2.24%) Splunk
8 16 (1.55%) Cisco
9 15 (1.46%) Micro Focus
10 14 (1.36%) Adobe
10 14 (1.36%) Black Duck
10 14 (1.36%) Qualys
10 14 (1.36%) Sonatype
11 13 (1.26%) Apple
11 13 (1.26%) Informatica
12 11 (1.07%) ArcSight
13 7 (0.68%) hybris
13 7 (0.68%) Juniper
13 7 (0.68%) ServiceNow
13 7 (0.68%) VMware