Period
to 23 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 23 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
23 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 75 76 69
Rank change year-on-year +1 -7 +12
Contract jobs citing QA 2,632 2,970 2,894
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.14% 3.15% 3.30%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 30.53% 27.26% 28.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,723 1,993 1,919
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £311 £300 £275
90th Percentile £611 £613 £588
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 46 37 44
England median hourly rate £25.88 £30.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.75% +66.67% -18.18%
10th Percentile £9.65 £11.00 £10.81
90th Percentile £56.95 £62.50 £40.75
UK median hourly rate £29.00 £28.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year +3.57% +55.56% -6.40%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 8,622 10,897 10,277
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 10.28% 11.57% 11.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,395 6,987 6,711
England median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £244 £258 £256
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £440
% change year-on-year - +2.27% +7.32%
Number of hourly rates quoted 370 353 329
England median hourly rate £22.43 £25.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.28% +31.58% -15.56%
10th Percentile £10.75 £11.50 £10.75
90th Percentile £54.55 £53.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £23.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year -4.26% +17.50% -9.09%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 23 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 23 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 23 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 1,399 £475 - 358
South East +8 500 £455 +7.63% 248
North of England +15 308 £410 -3.53% 242
South West +3 164 £413 +10.00% 108
Midlands -18 131 £400 - 124
East of England -3 125 £423 +5.63% 79
North West -11 120 £450 +9.09% 133
Yorkshire +6 112 £338 -21.51% 72
West Midlands -15 82 £400 +0.63% 72
North East +45 78 £406 +16.07% 37
East Midlands -6 45 £404 +3.53% 50
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 23 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 1,245 (47.30%) Agile Software Development
2 930 (35.33%) Test Automation
3 568 (21.58%) Java
4 557 (21.16%) Finance
5 509 (19.34%) Scrum
6 490 (18.62%) Selenium
7 461 (17.52%) SQL
8 443 (16.83%) JavaScript
9 418 (15.88%) DevOps
10 384 (14.59%) JIRA
11 380 (14.44%) BDD
12 364 (13.83%) C#
13 344 (13.07%) TDD
14 318 (12.08%) Microsoft Azure
15 300 (11.40%) Jenkins
16 289 (10.98%) Test Strategy
17 279 (10.60%) SDLC
18 278 (10.56%) Microsoft
19 267 (10.14%) .NET
20 263 (9.99%) Cucumber
20 263 (9.99%) Git (software)
21 259 (9.84%) Degree
22 253 (9.61%) Oracle
23 248 (9.42%) Problem-Solving
24 244 (9.27%) User Acceptance Testing
24 244 (9.27%) Continuous Integration
25 234 (8.89%) HTML
26 231 (8.78%) CSS
26 231 (8.78%) Test Scripting
27 229 (8.70%) Windows

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 201 (7.64%) Confluence
2 95 (3.61%) CMS
3 80 (3.04%) SharePoint
4 54 (2.05%) Apache
5 42 (1.60%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 36 (1.37%) IIS
7 25 (0.95%) Elasticsearch
8 21 (0.80%) WebSphere
9 19 (0.72%) Umbraco
10 18 (0.68%) Skype for Business
11 16 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 15 (0.57%) SharePoint 2013
13 14 (0.53%) Apache Spark
14 13 (0.49%) Tomcat
15 12 (0.46%) WebLogic
16 11 (0.42%) Drupal
16 11 (0.42%) MS Exchange
17 9 (0.34%) JBoss
17 9 (0.34%) SharePoint 2010
17 9 (0.34%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 120 (4.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 67 (2.55%) Microsoft Office
3 35 (1.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 31 (1.18%) Microsoft Project
5 19 (0.72%) Photoshop
5 19 (0.72%) Sketch
6 16 (0.61%) MS Visio
7 15 (0.57%) Adobe Illustrator
8 12 (0.46%) Spreadsheet
9 7 (0.27%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 5 (0.19%) InVision
11 4 (0.15%) InfoPath
12 2 (0.076%) Weka
13 1 (0.038%) Adobe XD
13 1 (0.038%) AutoCAD
13 1 (0.038%) Camtasia
13 1 (0.038%) CATIA
13 1 (0.038%) Chatbot
13 1 (0.038%) Marvel
13 1 (0.038%) Stata
Business Applications
1 29 (1.10%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (0.53%) Oracle ERP
3 13 (0.49%) SAP S/4HANA
4 10 (0.38%) BusinessWorks
4 10 (0.38%) Oracle Financials
5 8 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
5 8 (0.30%) Oracle General Ledger
5 8 (0.30%) SAP FI
5 8 (0.30%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 6 (0.23%) Eloqua
6 6 (0.23%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 6 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 6 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
6 6 (0.23%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 5 (0.19%) Actimize
7 5 (0.19%) Magento
7 5 (0.19%) Markit EDM
8 4 (0.15%) SAP IS-U
8 4 (0.15%) Summit
8 4 (0.15%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 318 (12.08%) Microsoft Azure
2 216 (8.21%) Amazon AWS
3 80 (3.04%) PaaS
4 65 (2.47%) SaaS
5 60 (2.28%) GitHub
5 60 (2.28%) Power Platform
6 53 (2.01%) Google Cloud Platform
7 49 (1.86%) Office 365
8 45 (1.71%) IaaS
9 33 (1.25%) Serverless
10 26 (0.99%) Dynamics 365
10 26 (0.99%) Google Analytics
10 26 (0.99%) Sauce Labs
11 25 (0.95%) BrowserStack
12 23 (0.87%) Adobe Analytics
13 17 (0.65%) AWS Lambda
14 16 (0.61%) AWS CloudFormation
14 16 (0.61%) Azure Active Directory
14 16 (0.61%) Cloud Computing
15 15 (0.57%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 37 (1.41%) Firewall
1 37 (1.41%) HTTP
2 35 (1.33%) Internet
3 28 (1.06%) DNS
4 20 (0.76%) Skype
5 17 (0.65%) Unified Communications
6 16 (0.61%) TCP/IP
6 16 (0.61%) VPN
6 16 (0.61%) WAN
7 12 (0.46%) Intranet
8 11 (0.42%) LAN
9 9 (0.34%) Ethernet
10 8 (0.30%) MPLS
11 7 (0.27%) FTP
11 7 (0.27%) Network Security
11 7 (0.27%) SAN
11 7 (0.27%) SMS
12 6 (0.23%) BGP
12 6 (0.23%) OSPF
12 6 (0.23%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 186 (7.07%) SQL Server
2 89 (3.38%) Data Warehouse
3 80 (3.04%) MySQL
4 62 (2.36%) NoSQL
5 53 (2.01%) Power BI
5 53 (2.01%) Relational Database
6 52 (1.98%) Redis
7 44 (1.67%) Oracle Reports
8 43 (1.63%) Big Data
9 40 (1.52%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 38 (1.44%) MongoDB
11 31 (1.18%) Oracle Database
12 30 (1.14%) PostgreSQL
13 21 (0.80%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 18 (0.68%) Azure SQL Database
14 18 (0.68%) Data Lake
14 18 (0.68%) SQL Server 2014
14 18 (0.68%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 16 (0.61%) Hadoop
16 15 (0.57%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 490 (18.62%) Selenium
2 384 (14.59%) JIRA
3 300 (11.40%) Jenkins
4 263 (9.99%) Cucumber
4 263 (9.99%) Git (software)
5 153 (5.81%) JMeter
6 122 (4.64%) WebDriver
7 110 (4.18%) SpecFlow
8 93 (3.53%) SoapUI
9 81 (3.08%) JUnit
10 78 (2.96%) Visual Studio Team System
11 72 (2.74%) TeamCity
12 69 (2.62%) Visual Studio
13 59 (2.24%) Maven
13 59 (2.24%) Team Foundation Server
14 56 (2.13%) Bitbucket
14 56 (2.13%) LoadRunner
15 41 (1.56%) Gatling
15 41 (1.56%) Jasmine
16 39 (1.48%) gulp
General
1 557 (21.16%) Finance
2 198 (7.52%) Banking
3 134 (5.09%) Marketing
4 115 (4.37%) Retail
5 69 (2.62%) Telecoms
6 57 (2.17%) Legal
7 48 (1.82%) Financial Institution
8 47 (1.79%) Investment Banking
9 45 (1.71%) Manufacturing
10 40 (1.52%) Front Office
11 26 (0.99%) Law
12 23 (0.87%) Electronics
13 20 (0.76%) Pharmaceutical
14 18 (0.68%) French Language
14 18 (0.68%) Games
15 17 (0.65%) Publishing
16 16 (0.61%) Retail Banking
17 12 (0.46%) Billing
18 10 (0.38%) Advertising
18 10 (0.38%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 552 (20.97%) Developer
2 472 (17.93%) Analyst
3 284 (10.79%) Tester
4 188 (7.14%) Test Analyst
5 183 (6.95%) QA Engineer
6 159 (6.04%) QA Tester
7 123 (4.67%) Test Engineer
8 119 (4.52%) Business Analyst
9 111 (4.22%) QA Analyst
10 100 (3.80%) Architect
10 100 (3.80%) Test Manager
11 95 (3.61%) Project Manager
12 90 (3.42%) .NET Developer
13 85 (3.23%) Automation Tester
14 83 (3.15%) Test Leader
15 81 (3.08%) QA Leader
16 80 (3.04%) Java Developer
17 66 (2.51%) Senior Developer
18 65 (2.47%) Full Stack Developer
19 62 (2.36%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 267 (10.14%) .NET
2 234 (8.89%) HTML
3 231 (8.78%) CSS
4 204 (7.75%) Web Services
5 181 (6.88%) AngularJS
6 158 (6.00%) REST
7 157 (5.97%) Node.js
8 124 (4.71%) XML
9 114 (4.33%) RESTful
10 110 (4.18%) jQuery
11 92 (3.50%) ASP.NET
11 92 (3.50%) React
12 86 (3.27%) Gherkin
13 84 (3.19%) JSON
13 84 (3.19%) Spring
14 79 (3.00%) SOAP
15 74 (2.81%) HTML5
16 67 (2.55%) Sass
17 60 (2.28%) .NET Core
18 59 (2.24%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 216 (8.21%) Analytical Skills
2 198 (7.52%) User Experience
3 124 (4.71%) Mobile App
4 69 (2.62%) Greenfield Project
5 65 (2.47%) Self-Motivation
6 64 (2.43%) Management Information System
7 55 (2.09%) Data Structures
8 50 (1.90%) Virtual Team
9 45 (1.71%) Algorithms
10 38 (1.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 36 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
12 27 (1.03%) Data Centre
12 27 (1.03%) Social Media
13 26 (0.99%) Client/Server
14 24 (0.91%) Equities
15 23 (0.87%) Public Cloud
16 18 (0.68%) Fixed Income
16 18 (0.68%) Linux Command Line
17 15 (0.57%) Derivative
18 14 (0.53%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 229 (8.70%) Windows
2 208 (7.90%) Linux
3 95 (3.61%) Unix
4 79 (3.00%) Android
5 67 (2.55%) Apple iOS
6 54 (2.05%) Windows 10
7 40 (1.52%) Windows 7
8 29 (1.10%) Windows Server
9 19 (0.72%) Windows 8
10 14 (0.53%) VMS
10 14 (0.53%) Windows Server 2012
11 13 (0.49%) Windows Server 2008
12 12 (0.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 9 (0.34%) Embedded Linux
14 8 (0.30%) Mac OS
15 7 (0.27%) Windows XP
16 6 (0.23%) Mac OS X
17 5 (0.19%) CentOS
18 4 (0.15%) Solaris
19 3 (0.11%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,245 (47.30%) Agile Software Development
2 930 (35.33%) Test Automation
3 509 (19.34%) Scrum
4 418 (15.88%) DevOps
5 380 (14.44%) BDD
6 344 (13.07%) TDD
7 289 (10.98%) Test Strategy
8 279 (10.60%) SDLC
9 248 (9.42%) Problem-Solving
10 244 (9.27%) Continuous Integration
10 244 (9.27%) User Acceptance Testing
11 231 (8.78%) Test Scripting
12 213 (8.09%) Project Management
13 207 (7.86%) Software Engineering
14 206 (7.83%) Continuous Improvement
15 199 (7.56%) User Stories
16 184 (6.99%) Manual Testing
17 179 (6.80%) Regression Testing
18 177 (6.72%) Migration
19 162 (6.16%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 568 (21.58%) Java
2 461 (17.52%) SQL
3 443 (16.83%) JavaScript
4 364 (13.83%) C#
5 180 (6.84%) Python
6 74 (2.81%) Java 8
6 74 (2.81%) PowerShell
7 62 (2.36%) PHP
8 56 (2.13%) PL/SQL
9 54 (2.05%) Ruby
10 50 (1.90%) C++
11 41 (1.56%) T-SQL
12 39 (1.48%) C
12 39 (1.48%) TypeScript
13 37 (1.41%) Scala
14 35 (1.33%) Bash Shell
14 35 (1.33%) VB
14 35 (1.33%) VBA
15 34 (1.29%) ES6
16 33 (1.25%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 259 (9.84%) Degree
2 163 (6.19%) Security Cleared
3 151 (5.74%) ISTQB
4 113 (4.29%) SC Cleared
5 105 (3.99%) ISEB
6 62 (2.36%) Computer Science Degree
7 58 (2.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 33 (1.25%) BPSS Clearance
9 29 (1.10%) DV Cleared
10 26 (0.99%) Microsoft Certification
11 21 (0.80%) PMI Certification
12 18 (0.68%) PMP
13 17 (0.65%) ACCA
13 17 (0.65%) Master's Degree
13 17 (0.65%) MCSE
14 15 (0.57%) DBS Check
15 11 (0.42%) PRINCE2 Certification
16 10 (0.38%) CIMA
16 10 (0.38%) HND
17 8 (0.30%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 83 (3.15%) PMO
2 57 (2.17%) Data Quality
3 30 (1.14%) SLA
4 20 (0.76%) GDPR
5 16 (0.61%) WCAG
6 14 (0.53%) MiFID
7 13 (0.49%) SEPA
8 10 (0.38%) ISO 9001
9 9 (0.34%) GxP
9 9 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 6 (0.23%) PSD2
10 6 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 5 (0.19%) EMIR
11 5 (0.19%) GMP
12 4 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
12 4 (0.15%) PCI DSS
13 3 (0.11%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 3 (0.11%) COBIT
13 3 (0.11%) IFRS
13 3 (0.11%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 176 (6.69%) Docker
2 88 (3.34%) Active Directory
3 32 (1.22%) VMware Infrastructure
4 25 (0.95%) Microsoft App-V
5 16 (0.61%) Hyper-V
6 14 (0.53%) XenApp
7 10 (0.38%) Firmware
8 8 (0.30%) Virtual Servers
9 7 (0.27%) vSphere
10 6 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
10 6 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
11 5 (0.19%) KVM
11 5 (0.19%) VMware Workstation
12 4 (0.15%) LXC
13 3 (0.11%) Xen
14 2 (0.076%) Apache Flume
14 2 (0.076%) HDFS
14 2 (0.076%) OpenAM
15 1 (0.038%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 1 (0.038%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 71 (2.70%) Kubernetes
2 52 (1.98%) Ansible
2 52 (1.98%) Terraform
3 44 (1.67%) Puppet
4 36 (1.37%) SCCM
5 32 (1.22%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (0.99%) HP ALM
7 25 (0.95%) HP Quality Center
8 18 (0.68%) Control-M
9 9 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
10 8 (0.30%) Kibana
11 7 (0.27%) SCOM
12 6 (0.23%) logstash
12 6 (0.23%) Nagios
13 5 (0.19%) Microsoft Clustering
14 3 (0.11%) AirWatch
14 3 (0.11%) Failover Clustering
14 3 (0.11%) Nessus
14 3 (0.11%) Prometheus
14 3 (0.11%) WSUS
Vendors
1 278 (10.56%) Microsoft
2 253 (9.61%) Oracle
3 102 (3.88%) SAP
4 83 (3.15%) Adobe
5 70 (2.66%) HP
6 64 (2.43%) Google
7 56 (2.13%) Salesforce.com
8 48 (1.82%) Atlassian
9 42 (1.60%) VMware
10 40 (1.52%) Citrix
10 40 (1.52%) IBM
11 29 (1.10%) Cadence
12 25 (0.95%) Informatica
13 24 (0.91%) Tableau
14 23 (0.87%) Cypress Semiconductor
15 22 (0.84%) Xamarin
16 21 (0.80%) TIBCO
17 18 (0.68%) Cisco
18 17 (0.65%) hybris
19 15 (0.57%) New Relic