Period
to 16 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 16 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
16 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 68 60 68
Rank change year-on-year -8 +8 -6
Contract jobs citing QA 3,225 3,306 2,968
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.54% 3.58% 3.31%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 33.30% 27.96% 28.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,211 2,325 2,024
England median daily rate £450 £450 £423
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.51% +5.63%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £263
90th Percentile £600 £615 £588
UK median daily rate £450 £435 £417
% change year-on-year +3.45% +4.38% +4.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 33 52
England median hourly rate £36.75 £21.90 £22.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +67.81% -4.09% +0.37%
10th Percentile £10.75 £10.40 £8.53
90th Percentile £48.13 £47.75 £39.38
UK median hourly rate £36.00 £21.90 £22.84
% change year-on-year +64.38% -4.09% -0.72%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 9,685 11,824 10,294
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 10.63% 12.81% 11.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,131 7,802 6,775
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £256 £263 £238
90th Percentile £625 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 330 305 362
England median hourly rate £20.25 £20.60 £23.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.72% -10.77% -4.72%
10th Percentile £11.00 £11.00 £10.76
90th Percentile £48.75 £53.75 £47.48
UK median hourly rate £20.25 £20.60 £23.34
% change year-on-year -1.72% -11.74% -6.64%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 16 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -6 1,768 £475 - 492
South East +2 623 £450 +12.50% 227
North of England +23 344 £400 -5.88% 216
Midlands -5 182 £398 +6.00% 137
North West +50 177 £405 +1.25% 116
South West -30 161 £425 +8.97% 79
East of England -1 131 £400 -8.62% 86
West Midlands -6 130 £395 +10.88% 79
Yorkshire -29 103 £400 -5.88% 70
North East +5 66 £400 -5.88% 30
East Midlands +7 49 £400 +6.67% 58
South Coast - 2 £425 -
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 16 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 1,685 (52.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,170 (36.28%) Test Automation
3 729 (22.60%) Java
4 688 (21.33%) Selenium
5 676 (20.96%) Finance
6 620 (19.22%) Scrum
7 564 (17.49%) SQL
8 561 (17.40%) BDD
9 535 (16.59%) JIRA
10 502 (15.57%) JavaScript
11 466 (14.45%) TDD
11 466 (14.45%) DevOps
12 429 (13.30%) Jenkins
13 400 (12.40%) Cucumber
14 396 (12.28%) Continuous Integration
15 388 (12.03%) C#
16 349 (10.82%) Test Strategy
17 338 (10.48%) Test Scripting
18 332 (10.29%) Git (software)
19 329 (10.20%) Analytical Skills
20 320 (9.92%) .NET
21 312 (9.67%) Microsoft
22 305 (9.46%) User Acceptance Testing
23 291 (9.02%) Project Management
24 286 (8.87%) Amazon AWS
25 279 (8.65%) User Experience
26 277 (8.59%) Problem-Solving
27 276 (8.56%) HTML
27 276 (8.56%) Banking
28 271 (8.40%) CSS

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 254 (7.88%) Confluence
2 88 (2.73%) CMS
3 83 (2.57%) SharePoint
4 62 (1.92%) Elasticsearch
5 48 (1.49%) IIS
6 42 (1.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 33 (1.02%) Apache Spark
8 31 (0.96%) WebSphere
9 21 (0.65%) SAS
10 19 (0.59%) Mule
10 19 (0.59%) NServiceBus
11 18 (0.56%) WordPress
12 16 (0.50%) Apache
13 15 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 14 (0.43%) WebLogic
15 13 (0.40%) SharePoint 2013
16 12 (0.37%) Drupal
16 12 (0.37%) SAP Portal
17 11 (0.34%) Anypoint
18 10 (0.31%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 160 (4.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 96 (2.98%) Microsoft Office
3 63 (1.95%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 42 (1.30%) Microsoft Project
5 41 (1.27%) MS Visio
6 11 (0.34%) Photoshop
7 8 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
8 7 (0.22%) Chatbot
9 4 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 4 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
10 3 (0.093%) InVision
11 2 (0.062%) AutoCAD
11 2 (0.062%) InfoPath
12 1 (0.031%) Adobe Captivate
12 1 (0.031%) HipChat
12 1 (0.031%) Mathematica
12 1 (0.031%) Maya
12 1 (0.031%) Mingle
12 1 (0.031%) OmniGraffle
12 1 (0.031%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 46 (1.43%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (0.56%) SAP S/4HANA
3 16 (0.50%) Dynamics AX
4 15 (0.47%) SAP HR
5 12 (0.37%) Oracle Retail
6 9 (0.28%) Oracle EBS R12
7 8 (0.25%) PeopleSoft HCM
7 8 (0.25%) PeopleSoft HRMS
7 8 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
7 8 (0.25%) SAP ERP
8 6 (0.19%) Eloqua
8 6 (0.19%) SAP GRC
9 5 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
9 5 (0.16%) Loan IQ
9 5 (0.16%) Magento
9 5 (0.16%) Primavera
10 4 (0.12%) Fredhopper
10 4 (0.12%) Infor M3
10 4 (0.12%) Lawson
10 4 (0.12%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 286 (8.87%) Amazon AWS
2 249 (7.72%) Microsoft Azure
3 111 (3.44%) GitHub
4 68 (2.11%) Office 365
5 56 (1.74%) Dynamics 365
6 53 (1.64%) BrowserStack
7 48 (1.49%) SaaS
8 39 (1.21%) PaaS
8 39 (1.21%) Serverless
9 38 (1.18%) Amazon EC2
10 33 (1.02%) IaaS
11 30 (0.93%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 30 (0.93%) Amazon S3
11 30 (0.93%) Google Cloud Platform
12 29 (0.90%) AWS CloudFormation
12 29 (0.90%) Google Analytics
13 28 (0.87%) AWS Lambda
13 28 (0.87%) Slack
14 24 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
15 23 (0.71%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 56 (1.74%) Internet
2 44 (1.36%) Firewall
3 37 (1.15%) HTTP
4 28 (0.87%) DNS
5 22 (0.68%) Skype
6 19 (0.59%) TCP/IP
7 18 (0.56%) LAN
8 16 (0.50%) VPN
8 16 (0.50%) Wireshark
9 15 (0.47%) BGP
9 15 (0.47%) OSPF
10 14 (0.43%) SSL
10 14 (0.43%) VLAN
10 14 (0.43%) WAN
11 13 (0.40%) Network Security
12 12 (0.37%) MPLS
12 12 (0.37%) Wi-Fi
13 11 (0.34%) VSAN
14 10 (0.31%) EIGRP
14 10 (0.31%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 220 (6.82%) SQL Server
2 92 (2.85%) Data Warehouse
3 90 (2.79%) MySQL
4 83 (2.57%) PostgreSQL
5 72 (2.23%) NoSQL
6 70 (2.17%) Relational Database
7 64 (1.98%) MongoDB
8 55 (1.71%) Big Data
9 53 (1.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 49 (1.52%) Oracle Database
11 43 (1.33%) Power BI
12 42 (1.30%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 40 (1.24%) Hadoop
14 33 (1.02%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 26 (0.81%) Apache Hive
15 26 (0.81%) Microsoft Analysis Services
16 25 (0.78%) Oracle Reports
16 25 (0.78%) Redis
17 24 (0.74%) SQL Server 2014
18 23 (0.71%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 688 (21.33%) Selenium
2 535 (16.59%) JIRA
3 429 (13.30%) Jenkins
4 400 (12.40%) Cucumber
5 332 (10.29%) Git (software)
6 235 (7.29%) WebDriver
7 169 (5.24%) SoapUI
8 163 (5.05%) JMeter
9 115 (3.57%) Maven
10 107 (3.32%) SpecFlow
11 104 (3.22%) JUnit
12 92 (2.85%) Team Foundation Server
13 87 (2.70%) Visual Studio
14 82 (2.54%) TeamCity
15 77 (2.39%) Appium
16 70 (2.17%) Protractor
17 60 (1.86%) Bitbucket
18 58 (1.80%) LoadRunner
19 54 (1.67%) IntelliJ
19 54 (1.67%) Subversion
General
1 676 (20.96%) Finance
2 276 (8.56%) Banking
3 155 (4.81%) Retail
4 116 (3.60%) Marketing
5 62 (1.92%) Publishing
6 54 (1.67%) Investment Banking
7 52 (1.61%) Front Office
7 52 (1.61%) Telecoms
8 51 (1.58%) Legal
9 43 (1.33%) Back Office
10 39 (1.21%) Law
11 37 (1.15%) Manufacturing
12 33 (1.02%) Retail Banking
13 31 (0.96%) Financial Institution
13 31 (0.96%) Games
14 21 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
15 19 (0.59%) Billing
16 16 (0.50%) Advertising
17 13 (0.40%) Electronics
18 12 (0.37%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 677 (20.99%) Developer
2 520 (16.12%) Analyst
3 370 (11.47%) Tester
4 223 (6.91%) QA Tester
5 215 (6.67%) Test Analyst
6 214 (6.64%) QA Engineer
7 154 (4.78%) Test Engineer
8 147 (4.56%) QA Analyst
9 145 (4.50%) Architect
10 138 (4.28%) Automation Tester
11 119 (3.69%) Java Developer
12 118 (3.66%) Project Manager
13 117 (3.63%) Test Leader
14 115 (3.57%) Business Analyst
14 115 (3.57%) Consultant
15 103 (3.19%) .NET Developer
16 98 (3.04%) Test Manager
17 96 (2.98%) QA Leader
18 95 (2.95%) DevOps Engineer
19 83 (2.57%) QA Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 320 (9.92%) .NET
2 276 (8.56%) HTML
3 271 (8.40%) CSS
3 271 (8.40%) Web Services
4 247 (7.66%) Node.js
5 245 (7.60%) REST
6 174 (5.40%) AngularJS
7 145 (4.50%) RESTful
8 128 (3.97%) React
8 128 (3.97%) SOAP
9 115 (3.57%) Gherkin
9 115 (3.57%) HTML5
10 110 (3.41%) Spring
11 108 (3.35%) Sass
12 106 (3.29%) JSON
13 104 (3.22%) XML
14 84 (2.60%) jQuery
15 69 (2.14%) .NET Framework
16 67 (2.08%) ASP.NET
17 66 (2.05%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 329 (10.20%) Analytical Skills
2 279 (8.65%) User Experience
3 148 (4.59%) Mobile App
4 96 (2.98%) Management Information System
5 81 (2.51%) Self-Motivation
6 78 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
7 68 (2.11%) Greenfield Project
8 65 (2.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 58 (1.80%) Fintech
10 57 (1.77%) Data Structures
11 48 (1.49%) Data Centre
12 46 (1.43%) Algorithms
13 39 (1.21%) Virtual Team
14 32 (0.99%) Video on Demand
15 26 (0.81%) Client/Server
15 26 (0.81%) Public Cloud
16 23 (0.71%) Over-the-Top Content
17 22 (0.68%) Linux Command Line
17 22 (0.68%) Private Cloud
17 22 (0.68%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 217 (6.73%) Linux
2 166 (5.15%) Windows
3 133 (4.12%) Unix
4 114 (3.53%) Android
5 112 (3.47%) Apple iOS
6 34 (1.05%) Windows Server
7 27 (0.84%) Windows 10
8 22 (0.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 22 (0.68%) Windows 7
9 15 (0.47%) CentOS
10 14 (0.43%) Mac OS
11 12 (0.37%) Windows XP
12 11 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
13 10 (0.31%) Solaris
13 10 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
14 9 (0.28%) Windows 8
15 5 (0.16%) Oracle Linux
15 5 (0.16%) Ubuntu
16 4 (0.12%) Mac OS X
17 3 (0.093%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,685 (52.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,170 (36.28%) Test Automation
3 620 (19.22%) Scrum
4 561 (17.40%) BDD
5 466 (14.45%) DevOps
5 466 (14.45%) TDD
6 396 (12.28%) Continuous Integration
7 349 (10.82%) Test Strategy
8 338 (10.48%) Test Scripting
9 305 (9.46%) User Acceptance Testing
10 291 (9.02%) Project Management
11 277 (8.59%) Problem-Solving
12 271 (8.40%) SDLC
13 255 (7.91%) Software Engineering
14 253 (7.84%) User Stories
15 239 (7.41%) Microservices
16 231 (7.16%) Manual Testing
17 216 (6.70%) E-Commerce
18 206 (6.39%) Analytics
19 203 (6.29%) Regression Testing
Programming Languages
1 729 (22.60%) Java
2 564 (17.49%) SQL
3 502 (15.57%) JavaScript
4 388 (12.03%) C#
5 226 (7.01%) Python
6 83 (2.57%) PowerShell
6 83 (2.57%) T-SQL
7 82 (2.54%) Ruby
8 66 (2.05%) Bash Shell
9 64 (1.98%) PHP
9 64 (1.98%) PL/SQL
10 58 (1.80%) Scala
11 55 (1.71%) Java 8
12 53 (1.64%) Groovy
13 48 (1.49%) C
14 43 (1.33%) TypeScript
15 40 (1.24%) Shell Script
16 39 (1.21%) ES6
16 39 (1.21%) Perl
17 37 (1.15%) C++
Qualifications
1 210 (6.51%) Degree
2 203 (6.29%) Security Cleared
3 145 (4.50%) SC Cleared
4 124 (3.84%) ISTQB
5 123 (3.81%) ISEB
6 56 (1.74%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 45 (1.40%) DV Cleared
8 38 (1.18%) PMP
9 34 (1.05%) PMI Certification
10 27 (0.84%) Computer Science Degree
11 22 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
12 19 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
13 15 (0.47%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 14 (0.43%) Master's Degree
15 13 (0.40%) PRINCE2 Certification
16 12 (0.37%) Cisco Certification
16 12 (0.37%) PhD
16 12 (0.37%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
17 11 (0.34%) MCSE
18 10 (0.31%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 101 (3.13%) Data Quality
2 93 (2.88%) PMO
3 36 (1.12%) GDPR
4 33 (1.02%) WCAG
5 27 (0.84%) SLA
6 22 (0.68%) SEPA
7 19 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 15 (0.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 13 (0.40%) ISO 9001
10 10 (0.31%) MiFID
11 8 (0.25%) PCI DSS
12 7 (0.22%) PSD2
13 6 (0.19%) GMP
13 6 (0.19%) GxP
14 5 (0.16%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 5 (0.16%) Actionable Recommendations
15 4 (0.12%) TARGET2
16 3 (0.093%) COBIT
17 2 (0.062%) Disclosure Scotland
17 2 (0.062%) WAI
System Software
1 214 (6.64%) Docker
2 49 (1.52%) Active Directory
3 30 (0.93%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (0.59%) XenApp
5 18 (0.56%) Microsoft App-V
5 18 (0.56%) Virtual Machines
5 18 (0.56%) XenDesktop
6 15 (0.47%) Apache Flume
7 13 (0.40%) Virtual Desktop
7 13 (0.40%) vSphere
8 8 (0.25%) HDFS
9 7 (0.22%) Oracle RAC
10 5 (0.16%) Hyper-V
10 5 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
11 4 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 2 (0.062%) Time Sharing Option
12 2 (0.062%) vCloud
12 2 (0.062%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.062%) VMware NSX
13 1 (0.031%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
Systems Management
1 83 (2.57%) Ansible
2 75 (2.33%) Kubernetes
2 75 (2.33%) Terraform
3 71 (2.20%) Puppet
4 59 (1.83%) HP Quality Center
5 40 (1.24%) Opscode Chef
6 39 (1.21%) HP ALM
7 36 (1.12%) Kibana
8 35 (1.09%) Grafana
9 29 (0.90%) SCCM
10 23 (0.71%) Nagios
11 20 (0.62%) Graphite
12 16 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
13 15 (0.47%) logstash
14 11 (0.34%) Salt
15 10 (0.31%) ZABBIX
16 8 (0.25%) CloudHub
16 8 (0.25%) Oozie
16 8 (0.25%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
17 7 (0.22%) Netcool
Vendors
1 312 (9.67%) Microsoft
2 269 (8.34%) Oracle
3 130 (4.03%) SAP
4 91 (2.82%) HP
5 68 (2.11%) Adobe
5 68 (2.11%) Google
6 58 (1.80%) Citrix
7 57 (1.77%) Salesforce.com
8 54 (1.67%) VMware
9 49 (1.52%) Atlassian
10 43 (1.33%) Cisco
11 40 (1.24%) IBM
12 38 (1.18%) Splunk
13 30 (0.93%) New Relic
14 29 (0.90%) Tableau
15 25 (0.78%) Hortonworks
16 24 (0.74%) Cloudera
16 24 (0.74%) hybris
17 21 (0.65%) Dell
18 20 (0.62%) Dynatrace