Period
to 21 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 21 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 71 76 75
Rank change year-on-year +5 -1 -2
Contract jobs citing QA 1,339 1,473 2,818
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.16% 2.90% 3.22%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 28.79% 28.41% 30.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 903 980 1,900
10th Percentile £313 £294 £313
25th Percentile £382 £350 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £455 £450
Median % change year-on-year +4.40% +1.11% -
75th Percentile £556 £550 £538
90th Percentile £650 £615 £619
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +4.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 38 33
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.39 £9.65
25th Percentile £14.50 £17.63 £11.63
Median hourly rate £18.50 £21.25 £22.75
Median % change year-on-year -12.94% -6.59% +3.88%
75th Percentile £24.50 £32.78 £41.00
90th Percentile £32.88 £40.03 £52.75
UK median hourly rate £19.75 £20.03 £23.00
% change year-on-year -1.37% -12.93% +5.02%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 4,651 5,184 9,320
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 10.97% 10.19% 10.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,046 3,336 6,000
10th Percentile £263 £238 £256
25th Percentile £363 £350 £352
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
75th Percentile £575 £563 £563
90th Percentile £671 £648 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 240 226 305
10th Percentile £11.36 £13.39 £10.58
25th Percentile £14.19 £17.27 £13.00
Median hourly rate £20.85 £22.52 £20.25
Median % change year-on-year -7.43% +11.25% -5.84%
75th Percentile £38.81 £47.25 £39.88
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.75 £49.04
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £22.00 £20.24
% change year-on-year -4.55% +8.72% -6.38%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 21 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 787 £488 -2.50% 225
North of England +30 144 £434 +5.21% 117
South East -25 122 £425 +13.33% 126
Midlands +14 106 £400 -11.11% 83
North West +15 93 £430 +5.84% 64
West Midlands +23 83 £400 -11.11% 55
South West +4 54 £500 +16.28% 56
Yorkshire +38 36 £438 +2.94% 37
East of England +20 33 £463 +2.78% 53
East Midlands -3 22 £395 +12.86% 28
North East +20 15 £444 +1.43% 16
South Coast - 1 - -
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 21 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 623 (46.53%) Agile Software Development
2 369 (27.56%) Test Automation
3 267 (19.94%) SQL
4 260 (19.42%) Finance
5 256 (19.12%) Java
6 254 (18.97%) DevOps
7 227 (16.95%) Azure
8 202 (15.09%) TDD
9 199 (14.86%) JIRA
10 192 (14.34%) Scrum
11 187 (13.97%) JavaScript
12 164 (12.25%) Python
13 159 (11.87%) Selenium
13 159 (11.87%) BDD
14 152 (11.35%) Jenkins
15 150 (11.20%) Problem-Solving
16 147 (10.98%) Security Cleared
17 144 (10.75%) Microsoft
18 143 (10.68%) Analytical Skills
19 142 (10.60%) AWS
20 140 (10.46%) C#
21 129 (9.63%) SDLC
22 126 (9.41%) Software Engineering
23 125 (9.34%) Git (software)
24 124 (9.26%) .NET
25 123 (9.19%) Continuous Integration
26 119 (8.89%) SC Cleared
26 119 (8.89%) Project Management
27 112 (8.36%) Banking
27 112 (8.36%) Degree

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (6.80%) Confluence
2 65 (4.85%) SharePoint
3 33 (2.46%) Apache Spark
4 26 (1.94%) Apache
4 26 (1.94%) CMS
5 15 (1.12%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 11 (0.82%) MS Exchange
7 8 (0.60%) Apache Airflow
7 8 (0.60%) IIS
8 7 (0.52%) JBoss
8 7 (0.52%) WebLogic
9 6 (0.45%) Elasticsearch
9 6 (0.45%) WebSphere
10 4 (0.30%) Oracle Coherence
10 4 (0.30%) Tomcat
11 3 (0.22%) Drupal
11 3 (0.22%) Jupyter
11 3 (0.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 3 (0.22%) Sitecore CMS
11 3 (0.22%) WildFly
Applications
1 57 (4.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 53 (3.96%) Microsoft Office
3 27 (2.02%) Microsoft Project
4 18 (1.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (1.34%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.52%) Figma
6 6 (0.45%) AutoCAD
6 6 (0.45%) Revit
7 4 (0.30%) Sketch
8 3 (0.22%) SPSS
9 2 (0.15%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 2 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.15%) InDesign
9 2 (0.15%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.075%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.075%) Fusion 360
10 1 (0.075%) Simulink
10 1 (0.075%) S-PLUS
10 1 (0.075%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.075%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 14 (1.05%) SAP FI-CA
1 14 (1.05%) SAP PSCD
2 9 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.67%) Oracle ERP
3 7 (0.52%) Magento
4 6 (0.45%) SAP HCM
4 6 (0.45%) SAP S/4HANA
5 5 (0.37%) Oracle EBS
5 5 (0.37%) Oracle EBS R12
6 4 (0.30%) Oracle FAH
6 4 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
6 4 (0.30%) Oracle Receivables
6 4 (0.30%) Shopify
6 4 (0.30%) Summit
7 3 (0.22%) Maximo
7 3 (0.22%) Oracle AGIS
7 3 (0.22%) Oracle Assets
7 3 (0.22%) Oracle Financials
7 3 (0.22%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 3 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 227 (16.95%) Azure
2 142 (10.60%) AWS
3 65 (4.85%) Power Platform
4 54 (4.03%) GCP
5 49 (3.66%) GitHub
6 40 (2.99%) Azure Active Directory
7 37 (2.76%) SaaS
8 29 (2.17%) PaaS
8 29 (2.17%) Serverless
9 27 (2.02%) Microsoft 365
10 24 (1.79%) Amazon S3
11 22 (1.64%) AWS Lambda
11 22 (1.64%) IaaS
12 16 (1.19%) Cloud Computing
13 14 (1.05%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 14 (1.05%) Slack
13 14 (1.05%) SuccessFactors
14 11 (0.82%) AWS CloudFormation
15 10 (0.75%) Amazon SQS
16 9 (0.67%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 23 (1.72%) HTTP
2 19 (1.42%) DNS
2 19 (1.42%) Internet
3 16 (1.19%) Firewall
4 15 (1.12%) TCP/IP
4 15 (1.12%) WAN
5 14 (1.05%) Network Security
6 13 (0.97%) ATM
6 13 (0.97%) DHCP
6 13 (0.97%) FTP
6 13 (0.97%) LAN
7 12 (0.90%) VLAN
8 11 (0.82%) SAN
9 10 (0.75%) Wireless
10 9 (0.67%) VoIP
10 9 (0.67%) VPN
11 8 (0.60%) NAS
12 6 (0.45%) Intranet
13 5 (0.37%) EIGRP
13 5 (0.37%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 100 (7.47%) SQL Server
2 65 (4.85%) Data Warehouse
2 65 (4.85%) Power BI
3 46 (3.44%) NoSQL
4 43 (3.21%) MySQL
5 35 (2.61%) Big Data
6 30 (2.24%) Hadoop
7 25 (1.87%) Data Lake
7 25 (1.87%) MongoDB
7 25 (1.87%) Tableau
8 23 (1.72%) Relational Database
9 22 (1.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 18 (1.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 18 (1.34%) PostgreSQL
11 17 (1.27%) BigQuery
12 15 (1.12%) Amazon RDS
12 15 (1.12%) Azure SQL Database
13 14 (1.05%) Oracle Database
14 13 (0.97%) Bigtable
14 13 (0.97%) Cloud Spanner
Development Applications
1 199 (14.86%) JIRA
2 159 (11.87%) Selenium
3 152 (11.35%) Jenkins
4 125 (9.34%) Git (software)
5 107 (7.99%) Cucumber
6 67 (5.00%) Postman
7 59 (4.41%) Maven
8 45 (3.36%) JMeter
9 42 (3.14%) SoapUI
10 37 (2.76%) JUnit
11 36 (2.69%) Octopus Deploy
12 31 (2.32%) GitLab
12 31 (2.32%) SpecFlow
13 25 (1.87%) Cypress.io
14 24 (1.79%) REST Assured
15 23 (1.72%) LoadRunner
16 22 (1.64%) IntelliJ
16 22 (1.64%) Subversion
16 22 (1.64%) WebDriver
17 20 (1.49%) Visual Studio
General
1 260 (19.42%) Finance
2 112 (8.36%) Banking
3 104 (7.77%) Public Sector
4 58 (4.33%) Retail
5 53 (3.96%) Marketing
6 33 (2.46%) Legal
7 31 (2.32%) Telecoms
8 25 (1.87%) Investment Banking
8 25 (1.87%) Manufacturing
9 20 (1.49%) Front Office
10 19 (1.42%) Financial Institution
11 18 (1.34%) Publishing
12 16 (1.19%) Advertising
13 15 (1.12%) Law
14 13 (0.97%) Pharmaceutical
15 10 (0.75%) Back Office
15 10 (0.75%) Games
15 10 (0.75%) Local Government
16 9 (0.67%) Automotive
16 9 (0.67%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 246 (18.37%) Developer
2 220 (16.43%) Analyst
3 100 (7.47%) Tester
4 98 (7.32%) QA Engineer
5 82 (6.12%) Architect
6 70 (5.23%) Business Analyst
7 55 (4.11%) QA Tester
7 55 (4.11%) Test Analyst
8 43 (3.21%) Consultant
8 43 (3.21%) Project Manager
9 42 (3.14%) Test Engineer
10 41 (3.06%) Data Engineer
10 41 (3.06%) Test Manager
11 40 (2.99%) QA Automation Engineer
12 37 (2.76%) QA Analyst
13 36 (2.69%) Automation Engineer
13 36 (2.69%) Automation Tester
14 34 (2.54%) DevOps Engineer
15 32 (2.39%) AWS Engineer
15 32 (2.39%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 124 (9.26%) .NET
2 87 (6.50%) AngularJS
2 87 (6.50%) REST
3 84 (6.27%) React
4 80 (5.97%) HTML
5 75 (5.60%) Web Services
6 73 (5.45%) CSS
7 65 (4.85%) Node.js
8 64 (4.78%) JSON
9 62 (4.63%) RESTful
10 55 (4.11%) XML
11 42 (3.14%) Spring
12 41 (3.06%) ASP.NET
13 40 (2.99%) SOAP
14 30 (2.24%) Gherkin
14 30 (2.24%) GraphQL
15 28 (2.09%) ASP.NET Core
15 28 (2.09%) Middleware
16 26 (1.94%) Spring Boot
17 25 (1.87%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 143 (10.68%) Analytical Skills
2 97 (7.24%) User Experience
3 60 (4.48%) Greenfield Project
4 44 (3.29%) Virtual Team
5 42 (3.14%) Self-Motivation
6 37 (2.76%) Management Information System
7 31 (2.32%) Mobile App
8 28 (2.09%) Data Structures
9 25 (1.87%) Algorithms
10 16 (1.19%) Public Cloud
11 15 (1.12%) Fixed Income
12 14 (1.05%) Data Centre
13 12 (0.90%) Enterprise Software
14 11 (0.82%) PMI
15 10 (0.75%) Cloud Native
15 10 (0.75%) NHS
16 9 (0.67%) AS400
16 9 (0.67%) Replication
16 9 (0.67%) Smart Meter
17 8 (0.60%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 95 (7.09%) Windows
2 85 (6.35%) Linux
3 58 (4.33%) Unix
4 57 (4.26%) Apple iOS
5 36 (2.69%) Android
6 14 (1.05%) Windows 10
7 10 (0.75%) Mac OS
8 7 (0.52%) Windows Server
9 6 (0.45%) AIX
10 4 (0.30%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 2 (0.15%) CentOS
12 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2016
13 1 (0.075%) Solaris
13 1 (0.075%) VMS
13 1 (0.075%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.075%) Windows Server 2012
13 1 (0.075%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 623 (46.53%) Agile Software Development
2 369 (27.56%) Test Automation
3 254 (18.97%) DevOps
4 202 (15.09%) TDD
5 192 (14.34%) Scrum
6 159 (11.87%) BDD
7 150 (11.20%) Problem-Solving
8 129 (9.63%) SDLC
9 126 (9.41%) Software Engineering
10 123 (9.19%) Continuous Integration
11 119 (8.89%) Project Management
12 112 (8.36%) Analytics
12 112 (8.36%) Test Strategy
13 110 (8.22%) Software Testing
14 107 (7.99%) Business Intelligence
14 107 (7.99%) Microservices
15 105 (7.84%) Stakeholder Management
16 100 (7.47%) Continuous Improvement
17 90 (6.72%) Migration
18 89 (6.65%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 267 (19.94%) SQL
2 256 (19.12%) Java
3 187 (13.97%) JavaScript
4 164 (12.25%) Python
5 140 (10.46%) C#
6 65 (4.85%) PowerShell
7 62 (4.63%) TypeScript
8 55 (4.11%) C++
9 34 (2.54%) Ruby
10 24 (1.79%) Java 8
11 23 (1.72%) Bash Shell
11 23 (1.72%) Shell Script
12 22 (1.64%) T-SQL
13 21 (1.57%) PL/SQL
14 19 (1.42%) Scala
14 19 (1.42%) VB
15 17 (1.27%) R
16 16 (1.19%) C
17 14 (1.05%) Apple Swift
17 14 (1.05%) ES6
Qualifications
1 147 (10.98%) Security Cleared
2 119 (8.89%) SC Cleared
3 112 (8.36%) Degree
4 75 (5.60%) ISTQB
5 56 (4.18%) ISEB
6 46 (3.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 29 (2.17%) Computer Science Degree
8 19 (1.42%) BPSS Clearance
9 15 (1.12%) PMP
10 12 (0.90%) AWS Certification
10 12 (0.90%) PMI Certification
11 11 (0.82%) Master's Degree
12 10 (0.75%) DV Cleared
13 9 (0.67%) CISSP
13 9 (0.67%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 8 (0.60%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 7 (0.52%) BICSI Certification
15 7 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
15 7 (0.52%) CISM
15 7 (0.52%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (2.32%) PMO
2 25 (1.87%) Data Quality
3 20 (1.49%) SLA
4 12 (0.90%) NIST
5 10 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 9 (0.67%) GDPR
7 6 (0.45%) MiFID
7 6 (0.45%) WCAG
8 5 (0.37%) NCSC
9 4 (0.30%) PCI DSS
9 4 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.22%) FATCA
10 3 (0.22%) GMP
10 3 (0.22%) GRC
10 3 (0.22%) GxP
11 2 (0.15%) COREP
11 2 (0.15%) CRD IV
11 2 (0.15%) Section 508
11 2 (0.15%) SEPA
11 2 (0.15%) TARGET2
System Software
1 64 (4.78%) Docker
2 53 (3.96%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.60%) HDFS
3 8 (0.60%) PowerHA
4 7 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
5 6 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
6 3 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (0.15%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.15%) KVM
8 1 (0.075%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.075%) Varnish
8 1 (0.075%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.075%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.075%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 46 (3.44%) Kubernetes
2 39 (2.91%) Terraform
3 22 (1.64%) Ansible
3 22 (1.64%) Opscode Chef
4 14 (1.05%) HP ALM
5 11 (0.82%) Grafana
6 10 (0.75%) Prometheus
7 9 (0.67%) Puppet
8 8 (0.60%) HP Quality Center
9 6 (0.45%) Istio
9 6 (0.45%) Kibana
9 6 (0.45%) ZABBIX
10 4 (0.30%) HP Fortify
11 3 (0.22%) FortiGate
11 3 (0.22%) Packer
11 3 (0.22%) SCCM
12 2 (0.15%) Core Impact
12 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Intune
12 2 (0.15%) SCOM
12 2 (0.15%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 144 (10.75%) Microsoft
2 103 (7.69%) Oracle
3 74 (5.53%) SAP
4 48 (3.58%) Google
5 37 (2.76%) Salesforce.com
6 29 (2.17%) Splunk
7 28 (2.09%) IBM
8 26 (1.94%) Adobe
9 25 (1.87%) HP
10 17 (1.27%) Cisco
11 13 (0.97%) New Relic
11 13 (0.97%) ServiceNow
12 10 (0.75%) Atlassian
13 9 (0.67%) Red Hat
14 8 (0.60%) Apple
14 8 (0.60%) VMware
15 7 (0.52%) Dell
15 7 (0.52%) hybris
16 6 (0.45%) Spiceworks
16 6 (0.45%) Teradata