Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 62 71 61
Rank change year-on-year +9 -10 +1
Contract jobs citing QA 3325 3053 3345
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.50% 3.12% 3.25%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 27.65% 27.58% 27.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 2325 2095 2197
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.52%
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
90th Percentile £615 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £431 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +2.62% +5.00% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 53 55
England median hourly rate £21.90 £20.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.83% +2.50% -
10th Percentile £10.20 £8.50 £10.24
90th Percentile £43.54 £39.38 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £21.90 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +9.50% - -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 12027 11068 12149
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.67% 11.30% 11.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 7917 7283 7811
England median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £263 £228 £236
90th Percentile £638 £600 £588
UK median daily rate £438 £425 £405
% change year-on-year +2.94% +4.94% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 338 384 426
England median hourly rate £20.00 £22.84 £21.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.42% +5.40% +11.10%
10th Percentile £11.13 £11.00 £11.59
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.18 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £23.50 £22.50
% change year-on-year -14.89% +4.44% +16.88%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +9 1920 £475 +5.56% 308
South East +15 614 £400 +6.67% 110
North of England -27 235 £425 +7.59% 107
South West +11 215 £388 -3.13% 33
Midlands +10 182 £375 - 60
East of England -11 148 £400 -5.88% 42
West Midlands +5 109 £350 -6.67% 31
Yorkshire +4 107 £425 +13.33% 32
North West -42 102 £450 +12.50% 63
East Midlands -7 71 £388 -3.13% 29
North East +14 47 £425 +20.57% 12
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 1476 (44.39%) Agile Software Development
2 1055 (31.73%) Test Automation
3 831 (24.99%) Java
4 766 (23.04%) Finance
5 572 (17.20%) SQL
6 563 (16.93%) Scrum
7 514 (15.46%) TDD
8 474 (14.26%) Selenium
8 474 (14.26%) JavaScript
9 469 (14.11%) BDD
10 430 (12.93%) JIRA
11 427 (12.84%) Git (software)
12 415 (12.48%) Continuous Integration
13 369 (11.10%) Project Management
14 368 (11.07%) Cucumber
15 356 (10.71%) Analytical Skills
16 347 (10.44%) Banking
17 346 (10.41%) C#
18 340 (10.23%) Jenkins
19 327 (9.83%) Web Services
20 325 (9.77%) Degree
21 317 (9.53%) SDLC
22 316 (9.50%) Microsoft
23 305 (9.17%) User Acceptance Testing
24 285 (8.57%) DevOps
25 275 (8.27%) .NET
26 272 (8.18%) Linux
27 271 (8.15%) HTML
28 262 (7.88%) Software Engineering
28 262 (7.88%) Amazon AWS

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 148 (4.45%) Confluence
2 84 (2.53%) CMS
3 66 (1.98%) Apache
4 57 (1.71%) Apache Spark
5 53 (1.59%) WebSphere
6 48 (1.44%) SharePoint
7 46 (1.38%) JBoss
8 37 (1.11%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 36 (1.08%) Elasticsearch
9 36 (1.08%) Tomcat
10 34 (1.02%) SAS
11 26 (0.78%) Cloud Foundry
12 25 (0.75%) nginx
13 22 (0.66%) WebSphere Application Server
14 20 (0.60%) Drupal
14 20 (0.60%) IIS
15 19 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 18 (0.54%) Apache Solr
17 14 (0.42%) WebLogic
18 13 (0.39%) GemFire
Applications
1 162 (4.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 98 (2.95%) Microsoft Office
3 72 (2.17%) Microsoft Project
4 64 (1.92%) MS Visio
5 56 (1.68%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 28 (0.84%) Spreadsheet
7 11 (0.33%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.12%) InVision
9 3 (0.090%) Mingle
9 3 (0.090%) OmniGraffle
9 3 (0.090%) SPSS
10 2 (0.060%) InfoPath
11 1 (0.030%) Acrobat
11 1 (0.030%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.030%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.030%) HipChat
11 1 (0.030%) Siemens NX
11 1 (0.030%) Simulink
11 1 (0.030%) Stata
11 1 (0.030%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 46 (1.38%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.51%) SAP Hybris
3 16 (0.48%) Markit EDM
4 15 (0.45%) Dynamics AX
5 13 (0.39%) Oracle EBS
6 10 (0.30%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 9 (0.27%) Actimize
7 9 (0.27%) Oracle EBS R12
8 8 (0.24%) SAP BPC
9 7 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
10 6 (0.18%) Maximo
10 6 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
10 6 (0.18%) Oracle Payroll
11 5 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
11 5 (0.15%) SAP Payroll
11 5 (0.15%) Unit4 Business World
12 4 (0.12%) CA PPM
12 4 (0.12%) Magento
12 4 (0.12%) thinkFolio
12 4 (0.12%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 262 (7.88%) Amazon AWS
2 128 (3.85%) Microsoft Azure
3 81 (2.44%) GitHub
4 48 (1.44%) PaaS
5 26 (0.78%) SaaS
6 24 (0.72%) Google Cloud Platform
7 23 (0.69%) Sauce Labs
8 22 (0.66%) IaaS
9 21 (0.63%) Office 365
10 20 (0.60%) Dynamics 365
11 19 (0.57%) OpenShift
12 17 (0.51%) BrowserStack
12 17 (0.51%) npm
13 16 (0.48%) Force.com
13 16 (0.48%) Google Analytics
14 15 (0.45%) Slack
15 14 (0.42%) Amazon EC2
16 13 (0.39%) BlazeMeter
16 13 (0.39%) Serverless
17 10 (0.30%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 96 (2.89%) Internet
2 73 (2.20%) HTTP
3 51 (1.53%) Firewall
4 35 (1.05%) SMS
5 20 (0.60%) FTP
6 17 (0.51%) LTE
6 17 (0.51%) Wireless
7 16 (0.48%) TCP/IP
8 15 (0.45%) Wi-Fi
9 13 (0.39%) LAN
10 12 (0.36%) GSM
10 12 (0.36%) HSPA
10 12 (0.36%) WCDMA
11 11 (0.33%) DNS
12 10 (0.30%) SAN
12 10 (0.30%) WAN
13 9 (0.27%) IPv4
13 9 (0.27%) IPv6
13 9 (0.27%) VoLTE
13 9 (0.27%) VoWiFi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 190 (5.71%) SQL Server
2 142 (4.27%) MongoDB
3 123 (3.70%) Big Data
4 122 (3.67%) Relational Database
5 121 (3.64%) NoSQL
6 89 (2.68%) MySQL
7 83 (2.50%) Hadoop
8 75 (2.26%) Data Warehouse
9 45 (1.35%) Redis
10 40 (1.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 36 (1.08%) Power BI
12 34 (1.02%) Apache Hive
12 34 (1.02%) RDBMS
13 32 (0.96%) Oracle Database
13 32 (0.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 28 (0.84%) HBase
15 22 (0.66%) Apache Cassandra
16 21 (0.63%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 20 (0.60%) QlikView
18 19 (0.57%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 474 (14.26%) Selenium
2 430 (12.93%) JIRA
3 427 (12.84%) Git (software)
4 368 (11.07%) Cucumber
5 340 (10.23%) Jenkins
6 179 (5.38%) WebDriver
7 153 (4.60%) JUnit
8 119 (3.58%) SoapUI
8 119 (3.58%) TeamCity
9 110 (3.31%) SpecFlow
10 95 (2.86%) Maven
11 89 (2.68%) Team Foundation Server
12 81 (2.44%) IntelliJ
13 79 (2.38%) JMeter
14 77 (2.32%) Appium
15 71 (2.14%) Grunt
15 71 (2.14%) Visual Studio
16 63 (1.89%) gulp
17 62 (1.86%) Octopus Deploy
18 60 (1.80%) Bitbucket
General
1 766 (23.04%) Finance
2 347 (10.44%) Banking
3 169 (5.08%) Retail
4 128 (3.85%) Investment Banking
5 114 (3.43%) Marketing
6 91 (2.74%) Front Office
7 89 (2.68%) Telecoms
8 69 (2.08%) Publishing
9 61 (1.83%) Games
9 61 (1.83%) Legal
10 49 (1.47%) Financial Institution
11 46 (1.38%) Manufacturing
12 40 (1.20%) Retail Banking
13 32 (0.96%) Back Office
14 29 (0.87%) Billing
15 21 (0.63%) Pharmaceutical
16 19 (0.57%) Advertising
17 18 (0.54%) Law
18 16 (0.48%) Corporate Banking
18 16 (0.48%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 680 (20.45%) Developer
2 654 (19.67%) Analyst
3 358 (10.77%) Tester
4 218 (6.56%) QA Engineer
5 214 (6.44%) Test Analyst
6 212 (6.38%) Architect
7 211 (6.35%) Business Analyst
8 207 (6.23%) QA Tester
9 179 (5.38%) Java Developer
10 172 (5.17%) Project Manager
11 143 (4.30%) Automation Tester
12 134 (4.03%) Test Engineer
13 133 (4.00%) QA Analyst
14 90 (2.71%) Test Manager
15 86 (2.59%) QA Automation Engineer
15 86 (2.59%) QA Test Analyst
16 85 (2.56%) Consultant
17 83 (2.50%) .NET Developer
18 80 (2.41%) C# Developer
19 78 (2.35%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 327 (9.83%) Web Services
2 275 (8.27%) .NET
3 271 (8.15%) HTML
4 237 (7.13%) CSS
5 232 (6.98%) REST
6 208 (6.26%) SOAP
7 179 (5.38%) RESTful
8 168 (5.05%) XML
9 159 (4.78%) AngularJS
10 137 (4.12%) JSON
11 135 (4.06%) Spring
12 123 (3.70%) Node.js
13 116 (3.49%) HTML5
14 110 (3.31%) React
15 80 (2.41%) J2EE
15 80 (2.41%) jQuery
16 77 (2.32%) Gherkin
17 67 (2.02%) ASP.NET
18 57 (1.71%) Spring Boot
19 54 (1.62%) Dropwizard
Miscellaneous
1 356 (10.71%) Analytical Skills
2 209 (6.29%) User Experience
3 200 (6.02%) Mobile App
4 153 (4.60%) Computer Science
5 111 (3.34%) Derivative
6 110 (3.31%) Management Information System
7 103 (3.10%) Virtual Team
8 92 (2.77%) Greenfield Project
9 75 (2.26%) Equities
10 70 (2.11%) Enterprise Software
11 67 (2.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 61 (1.83%) Fixed Income
13 45 (1.35%) Fintech
14 44 (1.32%) Data Structures
14 44 (1.32%) Linux Command Line
15 39 (1.17%) Data Centre
16 36 (1.08%) OTC Derivatives
17 35 (1.05%) iPad
18 34 (1.02%) Replication
19 30 (0.90%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 272 (8.18%) Linux
2 216 (6.50%) Windows
3 163 (4.90%) Unix
4 144 (4.33%) Android
5 134 (4.03%) Apple iOS
6 49 (1.47%) Windows 10
7 46 (1.38%) Windows Server
8 41 (1.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 34 (1.02%) Windows 7
10 30 (0.90%) Mac OS X
11 22 (0.66%) Ubuntu
12 21 (0.63%) CentOS
13 17 (0.51%) Solaris
14 11 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
14 11 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
15 9 (0.27%) AIX
16 4 (0.12%) Windows 8
17 3 (0.090%) Windows Vista
18 2 (0.060%) Fedora
18 2 (0.060%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1476 (44.39%) Agile Software Development
2 1055 (31.73%) Test Automation
3 563 (16.93%) Scrum
4 514 (15.46%) TDD
5 469 (14.11%) BDD
6 415 (12.48%) Continuous Integration
7 369 (11.10%) Project Management
8 317 (9.53%) SDLC
9 305 (9.17%) User Acceptance Testing
10 285 (8.57%) DevOps
11 262 (7.88%) Software Engineering
12 243 (7.31%) E-Commerce
13 239 (7.19%) Kanban
14 237 (7.13%) Stakeholder Management
15 220 (6.62%) Mentoring
16 217 (6.53%) Test Scripting
17 210 (6.32%) Continuous Delivery
18 203 (6.11%) Acceptance Criteria
19 198 (5.95%) User Stories
20 189 (5.68%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 831 (24.99%) Java
2 572 (17.20%) SQL
3 474 (14.26%) JavaScript
4 346 (10.41%) C#
5 247 (7.43%) Python
6 128 (3.85%) Ruby
7 105 (3.16%) Scala
8 97 (2.92%) C++
9 81 (2.44%) Groovy
9 81 (2.44%) PowerShell
10 66 (1.98%) Shell Script
11 64 (1.92%) PHP
12 57 (1.71%) Perl
13 56 (1.68%) Bash Shell
14 53 (1.59%) Apple Swift
15 52 (1.56%) C
16 45 (1.35%) PL/SQL
17 44 (1.32%) T-SQL
18 42 (1.26%) Objective-C
19 41 (1.23%) VBA
Qualifications
1 325 (9.77%) Degree
2 182 (5.47%) Security Cleared
3 125 (3.76%) SC Cleared
4 100 (3.01%) ISTQB
5 92 (2.77%) Computer Science Degree
6 90 (2.71%) ISEB
7 65 (1.95%) PMI Certification
8 54 (1.62%) PMP
9 42 (1.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 34 (1.02%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
11 30 (0.90%) DV Cleared
11 30 (0.90%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 26 (0.78%) BPSS Clearance
13 20 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
14 11 (0.33%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 9 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
16 8 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
17 7 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
17 7 (0.21%) MySQL Certification
18 6 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 125 (3.76%) PMO
2 75 (2.26%) MiFID
3 64 (1.92%) Data Quality
4 31 (0.93%) EMIR
5 30 (0.90%) GDPR
6 23 (0.69%) WCAG
7 19 (0.57%) Dodd-Frank
7 19 (0.57%) ISO 9001
8 16 (0.48%) SLA
9 15 (0.45%) Disclosure Scotland
10 9 (0.27%) WAI
11 8 (0.24%) SEPA
12 5 (0.15%) AIFMD
12 5 (0.15%) COBIT
12 5 (0.15%) GMP
12 5 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 5 (0.15%) PCI DSS
13 4 (0.12%) BS7799
13 4 (0.12%) ECSS
14 3 (0.090%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 124 (3.73%) Docker
2 37 (1.11%) Active Directory
3 32 (0.96%) Microsoft App-V
4 30 (0.90%) VMware Infrastructure
5 15 (0.45%) HDFS
6 14 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 9 (0.27%) Firmware
8 8 (0.24%) Xen
9 6 (0.18%) Apache Flume
9 6 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
10 5 (0.15%) BitLocker
10 5 (0.15%) Oracle Clusterware
10 5 (0.15%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
11 3 (0.090%) Cronacle
11 3 (0.090%) Hyper-V
11 3 (0.090%) XenApp
12 2 (0.060%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.060%) VMware ESXi
13 1 (0.030%) KVM
13 1 (0.030%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 88 (2.65%) Puppet
2 71 (2.14%) HP Quality Center
3 52 (1.56%) Opscode Chef
4 44 (1.32%) Kubernetes
4 44 (1.32%) SCCM
5 40 (1.20%) Ansible
6 31 (0.93%) Grafana
7 28 (0.84%) Terraform
8 24 (0.72%) Nagios
9 23 (0.69%) Kibana
10 21 (0.63%) WMI
11 15 (0.45%) logstash
12 12 (0.36%) HP SiteScope
13 11 (0.33%) Galera Cluster
13 11 (0.33%) Icinga
13 11 (0.33%) Prometheus
14 10 (0.30%) ITRS Geneos
15 8 (0.24%) StatsD
15 8 (0.24%) ZABBIX
16 7 (0.21%) McAfee ePO
Vendors
1 316 (9.50%) Microsoft
2 209 (6.29%) Oracle
3 121 (3.64%) SAP
4 89 (2.68%) HP
5 87 (2.62%) Salesforce.com
6 56 (1.68%) New Relic
7 55 (1.65%) Adobe
8 52 (1.56%) Red Hat
9 44 (1.32%) Google
10 42 (1.26%) Atlassian
10 42 (1.26%) hybris
11 40 (1.20%) Splunk
12 37 (1.11%) IBM
13 35 (1.05%) VMware
14 33 (0.99%) Tableau
15 31 (0.93%) ATG
16 29 (0.87%) AppDynamics
17 23 (0.69%) Sybase
18 22 (0.66%) MuleSoft
19 20 (0.60%) Sitecore