Period
to 24 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 24 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 60 65 65
Rank change year-on-year +5 0 -2
Contract jobs citing QA 3,240 3,017 3,081
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.50% 3.40% 3.10%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 27.11% 29.13% 26.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,231 2,039 1,939
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £300 £265 £263
90th Percentile £615 £588 £575
UK median daily rate £430 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +3.49% +3.75% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 51 46
England median hourly rate £35.00 £23.34 £22.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +49.96% +2.59% -27.64%
10th Percentile £13.56 £8.50 £13.50
90th Percentile £62.50 £47.00 £54.00
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £23.34 £23.00
% change year-on-year +39.25% +1.48% -26.84%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 11,952 10,356 11,677
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.92% 11.66% 11.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,850 6,818 7,464
England median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £263 £235 £241
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 319 368 403
England median hourly rate £21.01 £21.75 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.40% -13.00% +16.28%
10th Percentile £11.54 £11.00 £11.80
90th Percentile £57.50 £50.15 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £21.65 £22.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year -1.61% -12.00% +16.28%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 24 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 24 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 24 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 1,869 £475 +5.56% 529
South East +15 608 £400 +6.67% 265
North of England -22 289 £400 +6.67% 235
Midlands -17 180 £375 - 160
South West -6 164 £375 +10.29% 92
Yorkshire +11 145 £425 +13.33% 102
East of England -33 119 £450 +20.00% 116
West Midlands +1 118 £356 -12.04% 83
North West -45 94 £365 -8.75% 119
East Midlands -18 61 £375 +3.09% 77
North East +14 59 £425 +15.25% 14
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 24 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 1,566 (48.33%) Agile Software Development
2 997 (30.77%) Test Automation
3 825 (25.46%) Java
4 758 (23.40%) Finance
5 602 (18.58%) Scrum
6 555 (17.13%) SQL
7 503 (15.52%) Selenium
8 489 (15.09%) BDD
9 486 (15.00%) TDD
10 478 (14.75%) JIRA
11 429 (13.24%) JavaScript
12 404 (12.47%) C#
13 400 (12.35%) Continuous Integration
14 385 (11.88%) Git (software)
15 375 (11.57%) Cucumber
16 367 (11.33%) DevOps
17 360 (11.11%) Project Management
18 357 (11.02%) Banking
19 328 (10.12%) Analytical Skills
20 323 (9.97%) Jenkins
21 311 (9.60%) .NET
22 298 (9.20%) Microsoft
23 292 (9.01%) Web Services
24 291 (8.98%) SDLC
25 290 (8.95%) User Acceptance Testing
26 279 (8.61%) Degree
27 261 (8.06%) Continuous Delivery
28 256 (7.90%) HTML
29 249 (7.69%) Python
30 245 (7.56%) Software Engineering

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 179 (5.52%) Confluence
2 91 (2.81%) CMS
3 61 (1.88%) Apache
4 58 (1.79%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 57 (1.76%) Apache Spark
6 47 (1.45%) Elasticsearch
6 47 (1.45%) SharePoint
7 39 (1.20%) IIS
8 36 (1.11%) WebSphere
9 34 (1.05%) Cloud Foundry
10 32 (0.99%) JBoss
11 29 (0.90%) SAS
12 28 (0.86%) Tomcat
13 22 (0.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 20 (0.62%) nginx
15 17 (0.52%) Drupal
16 16 (0.49%) Apache Solr
17 10 (0.31%) Mule
17 10 (0.31%) Umbraco
18 9 (0.28%) EPiServer
Applications
1 135 (4.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 95 (2.93%) Microsoft Office
3 55 (1.70%) Microsoft Project
4 42 (1.30%) MS Visio
5 35 (1.08%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 27 (0.83%) Spreadsheet
7 10 (0.31%) Photoshop
8 7 (0.22%) OmniGraffle
9 4 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 4 (0.12%) InfoPath
10 3 (0.093%) AutoCAD
10 3 (0.093%) InVision
11 2 (0.062%) Adobe Illustrator
11 2 (0.062%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.062%) InDesign
11 2 (0.062%) Mingle
11 2 (0.062%) SPSS
12 1 (0.031%) Adobe After Effects
12 1 (0.031%) EngageOne
12 1 (0.031%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 47 (1.45%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
2 11 (0.34%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 11 (0.34%) SAP Hybris
3 10 (0.31%) Oracle Cash Management
4 8 (0.25%) Oracle EBS R12
4 8 (0.25%) SAP BPC
5 7 (0.22%) Actimize
5 7 (0.22%) Adobe Campaign
5 7 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
5 7 (0.22%) SAP Payroll
6 6 (0.19%) Oracle Payroll
6 6 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
6 6 (0.19%) SAP SD
7 5 (0.15%) Magento
7 5 (0.15%) Unica
8 4 (0.12%) SAP FI
8 4 (0.12%) SAP FI/CO
8 4 (0.12%) SAP HR
8 4 (0.12%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 242 (7.47%) Amazon AWS
2 154 (4.75%) Microsoft Azure
3 77 (2.38%) GitHub
4 39 (1.20%) SaaS
5 37 (1.14%) npm
6 33 (1.02%) PaaS
7 31 (0.96%) Office 365
8 30 (0.93%) Sauce Labs
9 25 (0.77%) Amazon EC2
9 25 (0.77%) Dynamics 365
9 25 (0.77%) Google Analytics
10 24 (0.74%) Serverless
11 23 (0.71%) BrowserStack
11 23 (0.71%) Google Cloud Platform
11 23 (0.71%) IaaS
12 21 (0.65%) Force.com
13 20 (0.62%) Amazon S3
14 16 (0.49%) AWS Lambda
15 15 (0.46%) BlazeMeter
16 14 (0.43%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 82 (2.53%) Internet
2 64 (1.98%) Firewall
3 38 (1.17%) SMS
4 36 (1.11%) HTTP
5 20 (0.62%) LTE
6 19 (0.59%) DNS
7 17 (0.52%) TCP/IP
8 16 (0.49%) FTP
9 14 (0.43%) GSM
9 14 (0.43%) HSPA
9 14 (0.43%) WCDMA
10 13 (0.40%) LAN
11 12 (0.37%) DHCP
11 12 (0.37%) VoLTE
11 12 (0.37%) VoWiFi
12 11 (0.34%) 3G
12 11 (0.34%) SAN
13 9 (0.28%) Kerberos
13 9 (0.28%) VPN
13 9 (0.28%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 179 (5.52%) SQL Server
2 127 (3.92%) Relational Database
3 117 (3.61%) NoSQL
4 104 (3.21%) MongoDB
5 99 (3.06%) Big Data
6 87 (2.69%) MySQL
7 77 (2.38%) Hadoop
8 75 (2.31%) Data Warehouse
9 50 (1.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 47 (1.45%) Redis
11 36 (1.11%) Power BI
12 35 (1.08%) PostgreSQL
13 31 (0.96%) HBase
14 27 (0.83%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 25 (0.77%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 25 (0.77%) Oracle Database
16 22 (0.68%) Amazon Redshift
16 22 (0.68%) Apache Cassandra
16 22 (0.68%) Apache Hive
16 22 (0.68%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 503 (15.52%) Selenium
2 478 (14.75%) JIRA
3 385 (11.88%) Git (software)
4 375 (11.57%) Cucumber
5 323 (9.97%) Jenkins
6 196 (6.05%) WebDriver
7 139 (4.29%) SoapUI
8 132 (4.07%) JUnit
9 130 (4.01%) TeamCity
10 125 (3.86%) SpecFlow
11 113 (3.49%) Maven
12 89 (2.75%) Team Foundation Server
13 87 (2.69%) JMeter
14 83 (2.56%) Visual Studio
15 76 (2.35%) Appium
16 61 (1.88%) IntelliJ
17 57 (1.76%) Subversion
18 53 (1.64%) Grunt
19 50 (1.54%) NUnit
20 49 (1.51%) HP UFT
General
1 758 (23.40%) Finance
2 357 (11.02%) Banking
3 180 (5.56%) Retail
4 132 (4.07%) Investment Banking
5 111 (3.43%) Marketing
6 102 (3.15%) Telecoms
7 68 (2.10%) Games
8 67 (2.07%) Front Office
9 58 (1.79%) Publishing
10 57 (1.76%) Legal
11 51 (1.57%) Law
12 42 (1.30%) Manufacturing
13 41 (1.27%) Financial Institution
14 32 (0.99%) Retail Banking
15 31 (0.96%) Billing
16 30 (0.93%) Automotive
17 25 (0.77%) Back Office
18 24 (0.74%) Electronics
19 19 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
20 17 (0.52%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 640 (19.75%) Developer
2 633 (19.54%) Analyst
3 339 (10.46%) Tester
4 236 (7.28%) Test Analyst
5 222 (6.85%) QA Engineer
6 215 (6.64%) Architect
7 202 (6.23%) QA Tester
8 191 (5.90%) Business Analyst
9 180 (5.56%) Project Manager
10 154 (4.75%) Test Engineer
11 150 (4.63%) Automation Tester
12 140 (4.32%) Java Developer
13 137 (4.23%) QA Analyst
14 111 (3.43%) Consultant
15 110 (3.40%) DevOps Engineer
16 91 (2.81%) QA Test Analyst
17 88 (2.72%) QA Automation Engineer
18 86 (2.65%) Test Automation Engineer
19 80 (2.47%) C# Developer
20 79 (2.44%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 311 (9.60%) .NET
2 292 (9.01%) Web Services
3 256 (7.90%) HTML
4 237 (7.31%) REST
5 231 (7.13%) CSS
6 197 (6.08%) SOAP
7 180 (5.56%) RESTful
8 165 (5.09%) Spring
9 145 (4.48%) XML
10 130 (4.01%) HTML5
11 129 (3.98%) AngularJS
12 127 (3.92%) Node.js
13 112 (3.46%) JSON
14 95 (2.93%) jQuery
15 90 (2.78%) Gherkin
16 85 (2.62%) React
17 80 (2.47%) ASP.NET
18 74 (2.28%) CSS3
18 74 (2.28%) Spring Boot
19 58 (1.79%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 328 (10.12%) Analytical Skills
2 199 (6.14%) User Experience
3 190 (5.86%) Mobile App
4 120 (3.70%) Computer Science
5 91 (2.81%) Enterprise Software
6 89 (2.75%) Greenfield Project
6 89 (2.75%) Management Information System
7 79 (2.44%) Virtual Team
8 71 (2.19%) Derivative
9 61 (1.88%) Linux Command Line
10 58 (1.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 56 (1.73%) Data Centre
12 46 (1.42%) Equities
13 38 (1.17%) Fintech
14 35 (1.08%) Data Structures
15 34 (1.05%) Fixed Income
16 22 (0.68%) PMI
17 21 (0.65%) Credit Risk
17 21 (0.65%) Video on Demand
18 20 (0.62%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 235 (7.25%) Linux
2 201 (6.20%) Windows
3 163 (5.03%) Unix
4 147 (4.54%) Android
5 124 (3.83%) Apple iOS
6 50 (1.54%) Windows Server
7 39 (1.20%) Windows 10
8 34 (1.05%) Windows 7
9 29 (0.90%) Mac OS X
10 28 (0.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 22 (0.68%) CentOS
12 15 (0.46%) Ubuntu
12 15 (0.46%) Windows Server 2008
12 15 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
13 8 (0.25%) AIX
14 7 (0.22%) Solaris
15 4 (0.12%) Debian
15 4 (0.12%) Windows 8
15 4 (0.12%) Windows Vista
16 1 (0.031%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,566 (48.33%) Agile Software Development
2 997 (30.77%) Test Automation
3 602 (18.58%) Scrum
4 489 (15.09%) BDD
5 486 (15.00%) TDD
6 400 (12.35%) Continuous Integration
7 367 (11.33%) DevOps
8 360 (11.11%) Project Management
9 291 (8.98%) SDLC
10 290 (8.95%) User Acceptance Testing
11 261 (8.06%) Continuous Delivery
12 245 (7.56%) Software Engineering
13 243 (7.50%) E-Commerce
14 239 (7.38%) Stakeholder Management
15 238 (7.35%) Kanban
16 225 (6.94%) Test Scripting
17 221 (6.82%) Microservices
18 208 (6.42%) Mentoring
19 207 (6.39%) User Stories
20 203 (6.27%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 825 (25.46%) Java
2 555 (17.13%) SQL
3 429 (13.24%) JavaScript
4 404 (12.47%) C#
5 249 (7.69%) Python
6 149 (4.60%) Ruby
7 91 (2.81%) Scala
8 80 (2.47%) PowerShell
9 75 (2.31%) C++
10 73 (2.25%) Groovy
11 61 (1.88%) PHP
12 59 (1.82%) Shell Script
13 52 (1.60%) Perl
14 50 (1.54%) ES6
15 46 (1.42%) T-SQL
16 43 (1.33%) Apple Swift
17 42 (1.30%) Bash Shell
17 42 (1.30%) VBA
18 38 (1.17%) C
18 38 (1.17%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 279 (8.61%) Degree
2 182 (5.62%) Security Cleared
3 130 (4.01%) SC Cleared
4 87 (2.69%) ISTQB
5 72 (2.22%) Computer Science Degree
6 68 (2.10%) ISEB
7 48 (1.48%) PMI Certification
8 46 (1.42%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
9 43 (1.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 42 (1.30%) PMP
11 29 (0.90%) Numerate Degree
12 25 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
12 25 (0.77%) DV Cleared
13 16 (0.49%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 13 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
15 11 (0.34%) Master's Degree
16 8 (0.25%) ISEB Practitioner
16 8 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
17 7 (0.22%) AWS Certification
17 7 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 118 (3.64%) PMO
2 42 (1.30%) GDPR
3 41 (1.27%) Data Quality
4 38 (1.17%) MiFID
5 31 (0.96%) WCAG
6 20 (0.62%) EMIR
7 19 (0.59%) PCI DSS
8 14 (0.43%) SLA
9 12 (0.37%) Dodd-Frank
9 12 (0.37%) ISO 9001
10 8 (0.25%) COBIT
10 8 (0.25%) COSO
10 8 (0.25%) IFRS
11 7 (0.22%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 7 (0.22%) GMP
11 7 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 7 (0.22%) SEPA
12 6 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
12 6 (0.19%) IEC 62304
12 6 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 134 (4.14%) Docker
2 41 (1.27%) Active Directory
3 22 (0.68%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (0.65%) Microsoft App-V
5 17 (0.52%) HDFS
6 14 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 11 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
8 7 (0.22%) Hyper-V
9 5 (0.15%) BitLocker
9 5 (0.15%) XenApp
10 3 (0.093%) Firmware
10 3 (0.093%) vCloud
10 3 (0.093%) XenServer
11 2 (0.062%) Cronacle
11 2 (0.062%) NFS
11 2 (0.062%) OpenDJ
11 2 (0.062%) OpenIDM
12 1 (0.031%) Oracle Clusterware
12 1 (0.031%) Oracle RAC
12 1 (0.031%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 100 (3.09%) Puppet
2 78 (2.41%) Ansible
3 66 (2.04%) HP Quality Center
4 59 (1.82%) Opscode Chef
5 54 (1.67%) Kubernetes
6 43 (1.33%) Terraform
7 38 (1.17%) HP ALM
8 34 (1.05%) Grafana
8 34 (1.05%) SCCM
9 19 (0.59%) Kibana
10 15 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
10 15 (0.46%) logstash
10 15 (0.46%) WMI
11 14 (0.43%) Nagios
12 12 (0.37%) ITRS Geneos
12 12 (0.37%) StatsD
13 8 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
13 8 (0.25%) Host Intrusion Detection System
13 8 (0.25%) Icinga
13 8 (0.25%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 298 (9.20%) Microsoft
2 142 (4.38%) Oracle
3 111 (3.43%) SAP
4 95 (2.93%) Salesforce.com
5 91 (2.81%) Adobe
6 86 (2.65%) HP
7 73 (2.25%) Atlassian
8 59 (1.82%) Splunk
9 54 (1.67%) AppDynamics
10 48 (1.48%) Google
11 41 (1.27%) MuleSoft
12 40 (1.23%) New Relic
13 36 (1.11%) Red Hat
14 31 (0.96%) VMware
15 30 (0.93%) Tableau
16 28 (0.86%) Citrix
17 25 (0.77%) IBM
18 22 (0.68%) hybris
19 20 (0.62%) Cisco
20 17 (0.52%) Informatica