Period
to 21 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 21 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 73 76 77
Rank change year-on-year +3 +1 -4
Contract jobs citing QA 2,215 1,039 1,939
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.18% 3.03% 2.92%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 24.50% 25.67% 26.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,547 693 1,236
10th Percentile £330 £313 £300
25th Percentile £405 £375 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% - -
75th Percentile £600 £538 £550
90th Percentile £675 £600 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £455 £450
% change year-on-year +9.89% +1.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 26 51
10th Percentile £13.58 £11.71 £10.25
25th Percentile £18.60 £16.40 £11.50
Median hourly rate £37.60 £19.34 £19.50
Median % change year-on-year +94.44% -0.83% -48.00%
75th Percentile £49.44 £26.00 £41.89
90th Percentile £60.00 £39.88 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £30.00 £19.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year +53.85% -2.50% -44.44%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 9,042 4,048 7,325
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.00% 11.82% 11.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,179 2,639 4,711
10th Percentile £266 £275 £250
25th Percentile £400 £370 £350
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £502 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.68% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £613 £575 £550
90th Percentile £700 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 224 201 285
10th Percentile £11.23 £10.75 £11.49
25th Percentile £14.00 £13.95 £15.25
Median hourly rate £24.91 £21.05 £20.21
Median % change year-on-year +18.34% +4.18% -0.20%
75th Percentile £49.25 £45.00 £47.50
90th Percentile £59.71 £53.00 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £22.09 £21.05 £20.21
% change year-on-year +4.94% +4.18% -0.15%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 21 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +4 1,297 £525 +10.53% 379
South East +18 310 £500 +12.36% 163
North of England -8 186 £440 +2.33% 157
Midlands -32 132 £425 +7.94% 119
North West -19 97 £444 -1.39% 76
West Midlands -41 88 £425 +11.26% 71
East of England +2 85 £500 +11.11% 78
Yorkshire +7 79 £438 +5.04% 52
South West -34 51 £478 +0.53% 69
East Midlands -6 44 £425 -5.56% 47
North East -9 11 £508 +19.41% 29
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 941 (42.48%) Agile Software Development
2 602 (27.18%) Social Skills
3 509 (22.98%) Test Automation
4 485 (21.90%) Finance
5 464 (20.95%) SQL
6 404 (18.24%) DevOps
7 398 (17.97%) Azure
8 390 (17.61%) Java
9 373 (16.84%) CI/CD
10 320 (14.45%) Scrum
11 319 (14.40%) Analytical Skills
12 315 (14.22%) JavaScript
13 313 (14.13%) JIRA
14 296 (13.36%) Problem-Solving
15 278 (12.55%) Python
16 258 (11.65%) Project Management
17 240 (10.84%) AWS
17 240 (10.84%) Microservices
18 236 (10.65%) User Acceptance Testing
18 236 (10.65%) Microsoft
19 217 (9.80%) Banking
20 215 (9.71%) Analytics
21 206 (9.30%) Software Engineering
21 206 (9.30%) Selenium
22 202 (9.12%) Stakeholder Management
23 197 (8.89%) Git (software)
24 196 (8.85%) Public Sector
25 195 (8.80%) .NET
26 182 (8.22%) Jenkins
26 182 (8.22%) Test Strategy

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 137 (6.19%) Confluence
2 93 (4.20%) SharePoint
3 38 (1.72%) CMS
4 36 (1.63%) Apache
5 32 (1.44%) Apache Spark
6 25 (1.13%) IIS
7 16 (0.72%) Apache Airflow
8 14 (0.63%) SAS
8 14 (0.63%) WebLogic
9 12 (0.54%) Elasticsearch
9 12 (0.54%) Sitecore CMS
10 11 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 11 (0.50%) Jupyter
11 9 (0.41%) Appian
11 9 (0.41%) Drupal
11 9 (0.41%) nginx
12 6 (0.27%) Camunda
13 5 (0.23%) ArcGIS
13 5 (0.23%) JBoss
13 5 (0.23%) WildFly
Applications
1 132 (5.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 57 (2.57%) MS Visio
3 47 (2.12%) Microsoft Office
4 37 (1.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 20 (0.90%) Microsoft Project
6 16 (0.72%) Sketch
7 14 (0.63%) InVision
8 13 (0.59%) Spreadsheet
9 7 (0.32%) Photoshop
10 5 (0.23%) Adobe Premiere
11 4 (0.18%) Open Workbench
12 3 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
12 3 (0.14%) Mingle
12 3 (0.14%) ProjectWise
12 3 (0.14%) Zeplin
13 2 (0.090%) Adobe XD
13 2 (0.090%) AutoCAD
13 2 (0.090%) InDesign
13 2 (0.090%) SOLIDWORKS
13 2 (0.090%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 33 (1.49%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.59%) SAP FI-CA
3 12 (0.54%) SAP PSCD
4 11 (0.50%) SAP S/4HANA
5 8 (0.36%) SAP Hybris
6 7 (0.32%) NetSuite
6 7 (0.32%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 6 (0.27%) Oracle ERP
8 5 (0.23%) Endur
8 5 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
8 5 (0.23%) SAP HCM
9 4 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
9 4 (0.18%) CA PPM
9 4 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
9 4 (0.18%) Oracle General Ledger
9 4 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
9 4 (0.18%) Oracle Receivables
9 4 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 3 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
10 3 (0.14%) SAP BRIM
Cloud Services
1 398 (17.97%) Azure
2 240 (10.84%) AWS
3 107 (4.83%) Power Platform
4 95 (4.29%) SaaS
5 92 (4.15%) GitHub
6 89 (4.02%) GCP
7 64 (2.89%) PaaS
7 64 (2.89%) Serverless
8 55 (2.48%) Microsoft 365
9 51 (2.30%) IaaS
10 41 (1.85%) Dynamics 365
11 30 (1.35%) AWS Lambda
11 30 (1.35%) BrowserStack
12 25 (1.13%) AWS CloudFormation
13 24 (1.08%) Azure Active Directory
13 24 (1.08%) PowerApps
14 23 (1.04%) Azure Functions
14 23 (1.04%) Azure Logic Apps
15 22 (0.99%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 22 (0.99%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 33 (1.49%) Internet
2 30 (1.35%) HTTP
3 22 (0.99%) Firewall
4 21 (0.95%) DNS
4 21 (0.95%) WAN
5 20 (0.90%) SSL
6 14 (0.63%) TCP/IP
7 11 (0.50%) SAN
8 10 (0.45%) 2G
9 9 (0.41%) 3G
9 9 (0.41%) 4G
9 9 (0.41%) FIX Connectivity
9 9 (0.41%) LAN
9 9 (0.41%) Network Security
9 9 (0.41%) VLAN
10 8 (0.36%) MGW
10 8 (0.36%) RNC
10 8 (0.36%) Wi-Fi
11 7 (0.32%) SSH
11 7 (0.32%) Value-Added Service
Database & Business Intelligence
1 143 (6.46%) SQL Server
2 75 (3.39%) Power BI
3 72 (3.25%) Data Warehouse
4 57 (2.57%) MongoDB
5 53 (2.39%) Tableau
6 51 (2.30%) MySQL
7 48 (2.17%) Oracle Database
8 44 (1.99%) PostgreSQL
9 43 (1.94%) NoSQL
10 41 (1.85%) Relational Database
11 35 (1.58%) Big Data
11 35 (1.58%) Data Lake
11 35 (1.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 27 (1.22%) Azure SQL Database
12 27 (1.22%) Hadoop
13 25 (1.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 22 (0.99%) Oracle Reports
15 18 (0.81%) BigQuery
15 18 (0.81%) Metadata
16 13 (0.59%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 313 (14.13%) JIRA
2 206 (9.30%) Selenium
3 197 (8.89%) Git (software)
4 182 (8.22%) Jenkins
5 175 (7.90%) Cucumber
6 95 (4.29%) Postman
7 69 (3.12%) Cypress.io
8 66 (2.98%) JMeter
9 61 (2.75%) TeamCity
10 56 (2.53%) SpecFlow
11 47 (2.12%) SoapUI
12 46 (2.08%) GitLab
12 46 (2.08%) Protractor
13 42 (1.90%) Maven
14 41 (1.85%) Gatling
15 40 (1.81%) REST Assured
16 38 (1.72%) JUnit
17 36 (1.63%) Mocha
17 36 (1.63%) Visual Studio
18 33 (1.49%) WebDriver
General
1 602 (27.18%) Social Skills
2 485 (21.90%) Finance
3 319 (14.40%) Analytical Skills
4 217 (9.80%) Banking
5 196 (8.85%) Public Sector
6 91 (4.11%) Retail
7 79 (3.57%) Influencing Skills
8 75 (3.39%) Front Office
9 71 (3.21%) Investment Banking
10 70 (3.16%) Marketing
11 67 (3.02%) Presentation Skills
12 50 (2.26%) Legal
13 49 (2.21%) Organisational Skills
14 45 (2.03%) Telecoms
15 42 (1.90%) Documentation Skills
16 37 (1.67%) Pharmaceutical
17 33 (1.49%) Law
18 28 (1.26%) Financial Institution
19 20 (0.90%) Manufacturing
20 18 (0.81%) Games
Job Titles
1 486 (21.94%) Analyst
2 365 (16.48%) Developer
3 179 (8.08%) Business Analyst
4 175 (7.90%) Tester
5 135 (6.09%) Architect
6 113 (5.10%) Test Analyst
7 106 (4.79%) QA Engineer
8 94 (4.24%) QA Tester
9 91 (4.11%) Software Engineer
10 89 (4.02%) Consultant
11 81 (3.66%) Data Analyst
12 79 (3.57%) Project Manager
13 76 (3.43%) QA Analyst
14 70 (3.16%) Solutions Architect
14 70 (3.16%) Test Manager
15 60 (2.71%) Java Developer
15 60 (2.71%) Test Engineer
16 54 (2.44%) Data Engineer
17 53 (2.39%) Automation Tester
18 52 (2.35%) QA Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 195 (8.80%) .NET
2 155 (7.00%) HTML
3 141 (6.37%) CSS
4 138 (6.23%) REST
5 133 (6.00%) XML
6 126 (5.69%) React
7 109 (4.92%) RESTful
8 103 (4.65%) Web Services
9 101 (4.56%) Node.js
10 92 (4.15%) AngularJS
10 92 (4.15%) JSON
11 70 (3.16%) Kafka
12 62 (2.80%) .NET Framework
13 56 (2.53%) Spring
14 54 (2.44%) Play Framework
15 49 (2.21%) SOAP
16 42 (1.90%) Sass
16 42 (1.90%) Spring Boot
17 41 (1.85%) Gherkin
18 40 (1.81%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 134 (6.05%) User Experience
2 76 (3.43%) Management Information System
3 68 (3.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 61 (2.75%) Data Structures
5 59 (2.66%) Mobile App
6 52 (2.35%) Equities
7 51 (2.30%) Virtual Team
8 47 (2.12%) Greenfield Project
9 44 (1.99%) Fixed Income
9 44 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
10 40 (1.81%) Hedge funds
11 32 (1.44%) Legacy Systems
12 29 (1.31%) Data Protection Act
13 27 (1.22%) Enterprise Software
14 26 (1.17%) Cloud Native
14 26 (1.17%) Data Centre
15 25 (1.13%) Public Cloud
16 21 (0.95%) NHS
17 20 (0.90%) Social Media
18 18 (0.81%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 123 (5.55%) Windows
2 112 (5.06%) Linux
3 87 (3.93%) Unix
4 64 (2.89%) Android
5 48 (2.17%) Apple iOS
6 17 (0.77%) Windows 10
7 14 (0.63%) Windows Server
8 8 (0.36%) Ubuntu
9 7 (0.32%) VMS
9 7 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
10 6 (0.27%) Windows 7
10 6 (0.27%) Windows Server 2016
11 4 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 4 (0.18%) Solaris
11 4 (0.18%) Windows Server 2003
12 3 (0.14%) Debian
12 3 (0.14%) Windows Server 2019
13 1 (0.045%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.045%) Tizen
13 1 (0.045%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 941 (42.48%) Agile Software Development
2 509 (22.98%) Test Automation
3 404 (18.24%) DevOps
4 373 (16.84%) CI/CD
5 320 (14.45%) Scrum
6 296 (13.36%) Problem-Solving
7 258 (11.65%) Project Management
8 240 (10.84%) Microservices
9 236 (10.65%) User Acceptance Testing
10 215 (9.71%) Analytics
11 206 (9.30%) Software Engineering
12 202 (9.12%) Stakeholder Management
13 182 (8.22%) Test Strategy
14 173 (7.81%) SDLC
15 171 (7.72%) Continuous Integration
16 166 (7.49%) TDD
17 160 (7.22%) Continuous Improvement
18 159 (7.18%) Test Scripting
19 151 (6.82%) Mentoring
19 151 (6.82%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 464 (20.95%) SQL
2 390 (17.61%) Java
3 315 (14.22%) JavaScript
4 278 (12.55%) Python
5 164 (7.40%) C#
6 91 (4.11%) TypeScript
7 70 (3.16%) Scala
8 44 (1.99%) PowerShell
9 42 (1.90%) R
10 40 (1.81%) C
10 40 (1.81%) VBA
11 38 (1.72%) VB
12 35 (1.58%) C++
12 35 (1.58%) PHP
12 35 (1.58%) T-SQL
13 28 (1.26%) Bash
14 27 (1.22%) PL/SQL
15 26 (1.17%) VB.NET
16 25 (1.13%) Ruby
17 24 (1.08%) Go
Qualifications
1 157 (7.09%) Security Cleared
2 143 (6.46%) Degree
3 132 (5.96%) SC Cleared
4 97 (4.38%) ISTQB
5 63 (2.84%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 61 (2.75%) ISEB
7 38 (1.72%) Computer Science Degree
8 22 (0.99%) PMP
9 20 (0.90%) DV Cleared
10 19 (0.86%) BPSS Clearance
11 16 (0.72%) PMI Certification
12 15 (0.68%) CISSP
13 13 (0.59%) Master's Degree
14 12 (0.54%) AWS Certification
14 12 (0.54%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 10 (0.45%) MBA
16 9 (0.41%) CEH
17 8 (0.36%) MBCS
18 7 (0.32%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
19 5 (0.23%) APMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 63 (2.84%) Data Quality
2 62 (2.80%) Accessibility
3 57 (2.57%) PMO
4 45 (2.03%) GDPR
5 34 (1.53%) EMIR
5 34 (1.53%) MiFID
6 30 (1.35%) WCAG
7 18 (0.81%) Dodd-Frank
7 18 (0.81%) SLA
8 13 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 10 (0.45%) NIST
10 8 (0.36%) FATCA
11 6 (0.27%) GRC
11 6 (0.27%) IFRS
11 6 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 5 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
12 5 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 5 (0.23%) GLP
12 5 (0.23%) GMP
12 5 (0.23%) HL7
System Software
1 157 (7.09%) Docker
2 41 (1.85%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (0.41%) HDFS
6 4 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
6 4 (0.18%) XenApp
7 3 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.090%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.090%) NFS
9 1 (0.045%) GeoWebCache
9 1 (0.045%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 150 (6.77%) Kubernetes
2 83 (3.75%) Terraform
3 22 (0.99%) Ansible
4 15 (0.68%) HP Quality Center
5 14 (0.63%) Grafana
6 13 (0.59%) HP ALM
7 12 (0.54%) SCCM
8 10 (0.45%) Prometheus
9 9 (0.41%) Kibana
10 8 (0.36%) MIIS
11 7 (0.32%) logstash
11 7 (0.32%) Puppet
12 6 (0.27%) Packer
13 5 (0.23%) Nagios
13 5 (0.23%) Opscode Chef
13 5 (0.23%) QRadar
14 4 (0.18%) Consul
14 4 (0.18%) Nessus
14 4 (0.18%) Rancher
15 3 (0.14%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 236 (10.65%) Microsoft
2 178 (8.04%) Oracle
3 96 (4.33%) SAP
4 52 (2.35%) Salesforce.com
5 35 (1.58%) ServiceNow
6 33 (1.49%) Google
7 29 (1.31%) IBM
8 28 (1.26%) Databricks
9 27 (1.22%) Sitecore
10 26 (1.17%) Adobe
10 26 (1.17%) Perfecto Mobile
11 25 (1.13%) VMware
12 24 (1.08%) Citrix
13 18 (0.81%) Splunk
14 15 (0.68%) Red Hat
15 14 (0.63%) Cisco
15 14 (0.63%) HP
15 14 (0.63%) Informatica
16 13 (0.59%) Atlassian
16 13 (0.59%) Remedy