Period
to 12 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 12 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
12 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 78 75 78
Rank change year-on-year -3 +3 -7
Contract jobs citing QA 1,099 2,721 2,975
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.01% 3.17% 3.14%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 29.51% 30.88% 26.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 748 1,806 2,014
Median daily rate £463 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £310 £300
90th Percentile £620 £613 £613
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 45 39
Median hourly rate £22.50 £22.75 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.10% -1.09% +12.20%
10th Percentile £15.00 £9.65 £11.00
90th Percentile £38.75 £57.14 £71.00
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £29.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year -25.86% +26.09% +12.20%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 3,724 8,811 11,050
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 10.19% 10.27% 11.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,230 5,517 7,074
Median daily rate £470 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.44% - -
10th Percentile £263 £250 £263
90th Percentile £645 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 167 363 353
Median hourly rate £23.00 £22.75 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.10% -1.09% +21.05%
10th Percentile £12.80 £10.80 £11.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £54.35 £53.55
Median hourly rate £22.72 £22.96 £22.40
% change year-on-year -1.06% +2.49% +12.00%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 12 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 579 £488 +2.63% 88
South East -12 163 £388 -13.89% 47
North of England +10 151 £450 +9.76% 74
North West +43 110 £444 -1.39% 40
Midlands +50 93 £450 +10.43% 30
South West +1 57 £463 +15.63% 35
West Midlands +47 56 £450 +12.50% 18
East of England +3 44 £490 +16.67% 24
East Midlands +48 36 £400 -0.93% 12
Yorkshire -1 26 £460 +38.35% 24
North East -16 15 £484 +17.27% 10
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 12 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 486 (44.22%) Agile Software Development
2 333 (30.30%) Test Automation
3 256 (23.29%) Java
4 230 (20.93%) Finance
5 223 (20.29%) DevOps
6 190 (17.29%) SQL
7 177 (16.11%) Scrum
8 171 (15.56%) JIRA
9 159 (14.47%) Azure
10 152 (13.83%) Selenium
11 150 (13.65%) Security Cleared
11 150 (13.65%) JavaScript
12 139 (12.65%) BDD
13 138 (12.56%) Oracle
14 136 (12.37%) Jenkins
15 133 (12.10%) AWS
16 124 (11.28%) Git (software)
17 122 (11.10%) Continuous Integration
18 119 (10.83%) SC Cleared
19 115 (10.46%) Microsoft
19 115 (10.46%) TDD
20 109 (9.92%) Python
20 109 (9.92%) Docker
21 108 (9.83%) C#
22 106 (9.65%) Linux
23 104 (9.46%) User Acceptance Testing
24 102 (9.28%) Analytical Skills
24 102 (9.28%) SDLC
25 94 (8.55%) Degree
26 92 (8.37%) Problem-Solving

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (5.55%) Confluence
2 22 (2.00%) SharePoint
3 21 (1.91%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 16 (1.46%) WebSphere
5 13 (1.18%) Apache
6 9 (0.82%) SAS
7 8 (0.73%) Appian
7 8 (0.73%) Elasticsearch
7 8 (0.73%) IIS
7 8 (0.73%) Tomcat
8 7 (0.64%) WebLogic
8 7 (0.64%) WebSphere Application Server
9 6 (0.55%) CMS
9 6 (0.55%) JBoss
9 6 (0.55%) Magnolia
9 6 (0.55%) Umbraco
10 4 (0.36%) Cloud Foundry
10 4 (0.36%) GlassFish
10 4 (0.36%) Mule
10 4 (0.36%) OnBase
Applications
1 49 (4.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 31 (2.82%) Microsoft Office
3 20 (1.82%) MS Visio
4 19 (1.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 12 (1.09%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.45%) SPSS
7 4 (0.36%) Figma
7 4 (0.36%) Sketch
8 2 (0.18%) InVision
8 2 (0.18%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.091%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.091%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.091%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.091%) Revit
9 1 (0.091%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.091%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 6 (0.55%) Oracle Assets
1 6 (0.55%) Oracle ERP
1 6 (0.55%) Oracle Payables
1 6 (0.55%) Oracle Receivables
2 5 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.45%) Front Arena
2 5 (0.45%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 4 (0.36%) Maximo
3 4 (0.36%) Oracle Cash Management
3 4 (0.36%) PeopleSoft Financials
3 4 (0.36%) SAP Hybris
3 4 (0.36%) Workday HCM
4 3 (0.27%) Oracle General Ledger
4 3 (0.27%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.18%) Infor SunSystems
5 2 (0.18%) Magento
5 2 (0.18%) Oracle Retail
5 2 (0.18%) SAP HR
5 2 (0.18%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 159 (14.47%) Azure
2 133 (12.10%) AWS
3 32 (2.91%) Power Platform
4 29 (2.64%) PaaS
4 29 (2.64%) SaaS
4 29 (2.64%) Serverless
5 27 (2.46%) AWS CloudFormation
5 27 (2.46%) GitHub
6 25 (2.27%) GCP
7 19 (1.73%) AWS Lambda
8 17 (1.55%) Coveralls
9 16 (1.46%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 16 (1.46%) IaaS
10 15 (1.36%) OpenShift
11 14 (1.27%) Office 365
12 13 (1.18%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 11 (1.00%) Boomi
14 10 (0.91%) Azure Active Directory
15 9 (0.82%) AWS CloudTrail
15 9 (0.82%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 37 (3.37%) DNS
2 25 (2.27%) HTTP
3 23 (2.09%) Unified Communications
4 16 (1.46%) TCP/IP
5 15 (1.36%) Internet
5 15 (1.36%) WAN
6 12 (1.09%) Firewall
7 11 (1.00%) MPLS
8 10 (0.91%) LAN
8 10 (0.91%) VPN
9 9 (0.82%) FTP
10 8 (0.73%) Ethernet
10 8 (0.73%) SSL
11 7 (0.64%) BGP
11 7 (0.64%) EIGRP
11 7 (0.64%) Network Security
11 7 (0.64%) OSPF
11 7 (0.64%) SSH
12 6 (0.55%) Skype
12 6 (0.55%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 80 (7.28%) SQL Server
2 77 (7.01%) Relational Database
3 50 (4.55%) Data Warehouse
4 41 (3.73%) MySQL
5 36 (3.28%) RDBMS
6 35 (3.18%) NoSQL
7 32 (2.91%) Big Data
7 32 (2.91%) Power BI
8 22 (2.00%) Data Lake
9 19 (1.73%) PostgreSQL
9 19 (1.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 18 (1.64%) Apache Cassandra
10 18 (1.64%) Oracle Database
11 17 (1.55%) MongoDB
12 16 (1.46%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 15 (1.36%) Amazon RDS
14 14 (1.27%) OLAP
15 13 (1.18%) Pentaho
16 12 (1.09%) Cosmos DB
17 11 (1.00%) Redis
Development Applications
1 171 (15.56%) JIRA
2 152 (13.83%) Selenium
3 136 (12.37%) Jenkins
4 124 (11.28%) Git (software)
5 86 (7.83%) Cucumber
6 58 (5.28%) JUnit
7 55 (5.00%) JMeter
8 43 (3.91%) WebDriver
9 40 (3.64%) Maven
9 40 (3.64%) SoapUI
10 35 (3.18%) TeamCity
11 33 (3.00%) SonarQube
12 32 (2.91%) SpecFlow
13 31 (2.82%) Gradle
14 28 (2.55%) Jasmine
15 26 (2.37%) Mocha
16 25 (2.27%) GitLab
16 25 (2.27%) Postman
17 24 (2.18%) Cypress.io
17 24 (2.18%) REST Assured
General
1 230 (20.93%) Finance
2 85 (7.73%) Banking
3 79 (7.19%) Public Sector
4 33 (3.00%) Retail
5 29 (2.64%) Telecoms
6 27 (2.46%) Legal
7 21 (1.91%) Manufacturing
8 19 (1.73%) Marketing
9 16 (1.46%) Investment Banking
10 13 (1.18%) Front Office
11 12 (1.09%) Back Office
12 11 (1.00%) Pharmaceutical
13 8 (0.73%) Games
14 7 (0.64%) Advertising
14 7 (0.64%) Financial Institution
14 7 (0.64%) Law
14 7 (0.64%) Retail Banking
15 6 (0.55%) Electronics
15 6 (0.55%) Police
16 5 (0.45%) German Language
Job Titles
1 218 (19.84%) Developer
2 177 (16.11%) Analyst
3 107 (9.74%) Tester
4 73 (6.64%) QA Engineer
5 57 (5.19%) QA Analyst
6 56 (5.10%) QA Tester
7 48 (4.37%) Test Analyst
8 40 (3.64%) Architect
9 39 (3.55%) Automation Tester
9 39 (3.55%) Test Engineer
10 38 (3.46%) Business Analyst
11 32 (2.91%) DevOps Engineer
11 32 (2.91%) Senior Developer
12 31 (2.82%) Test Manager
13 30 (2.73%) Java Developer
13 30 (2.73%) QA Automation Engineer
14 28 (2.55%) .NET Developer
15 25 (2.27%) QA Leader
16 24 (2.18%) C# Developer
16 24 (2.18%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 87 (7.92%) .NET
2 85 (7.73%) REST
3 84 (7.64%) HTML
4 65 (5.91%) Web Services
5 55 (5.00%) CSS
5 55 (5.00%) XML
6 45 (4.09%) SOAP
7 41 (3.73%) Gherkin
8 40 (3.64%) React
9 39 (3.55%) HTML5
10 38 (3.46%) JSON
11 37 (3.37%) Spring
12 35 (3.18%) ASP.NET
13 34 (3.09%) Node.js
14 32 (2.91%) Spring Boot
15 29 (2.64%) RESTful
16 27 (2.46%) AngularJS
16 27 (2.46%) FIX Protocol
16 27 (2.46%) Redux
17 22 (2.00%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 102 (9.28%) Analytical Skills
2 78 (7.10%) User Experience
3 39 (3.55%) Self-Motivation
4 34 (3.09%) Mobile App
5 33 (3.00%) Management Information System
6 30 (2.73%) Enterprise Software
6 30 (2.73%) Greenfield Project
7 19 (1.73%) Virtual Team
8 15 (1.36%) Data Centre
8 15 (1.36%) Data Structures
9 14 (1.27%) Algorithms
10 12 (1.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 12 (1.09%) Public Cloud
11 11 (1.00%) Linux Command Line
12 10 (0.91%) NHS
13 8 (0.73%) Fixed Income
13 8 (0.73%) SCORM
13 8 (0.73%) W3C
14 7 (0.64%) FMCG
14 7 (0.64%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 106 (9.65%) Linux
2 85 (7.73%) Windows
3 70 (6.37%) Unix
4 43 (3.91%) Android
5 30 (2.73%) Apple iOS
5 30 (2.73%) Windows 10
6 18 (1.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 17 (1.55%) Windows 7
8 9 (0.82%) VME
9 6 (0.55%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.27%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.27%) SUSE
10 3 (0.27%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.18%) AIX
11 2 (0.18%) Solaris
11 2 (0.18%) tvOS
11 2 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.091%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.091%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.091%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 486 (44.22%) Agile Software Development
2 333 (30.30%) Test Automation
3 223 (20.29%) DevOps
4 177 (16.11%) Scrum
5 139 (12.65%) BDD
6 122 (11.10%) Continuous Integration
7 115 (10.46%) TDD
8 104 (9.46%) User Acceptance Testing
9 102 (9.28%) SDLC
10 92 (8.37%) Problem-Solving
11 89 (8.10%) Test Scripting
12 88 (8.01%) Migration
13 81 (7.37%) Performance Testing
14 79 (7.19%) Test Strategy
15 78 (7.10%) Regression Testing
16 74 (6.73%) Microservices
17 73 (6.64%) Continuous Improvement
18 71 (6.46%) Unit Testing
19 65 (5.91%) Software Engineering
20 63 (5.73%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 256 (23.29%) Java
2 190 (17.29%) SQL
3 150 (13.65%) JavaScript
4 109 (9.92%) Python
5 108 (9.83%) C#
6 42 (3.82%) Bash Shell
7 33 (3.00%) Ruby
7 33 (3.00%) Shell Script
8 29 (2.64%) PowerShell
9 26 (2.37%) TypeScript
10 24 (2.18%) PL/SQL
11 23 (2.09%) T-SQL
12 21 (1.91%) C++
13 20 (1.82%) Java 8
13 20 (1.82%) Perl
13 20 (1.82%) VBA
14 18 (1.64%) Groovy
15 14 (1.27%) PHP
16 12 (1.09%) XPath
17 11 (1.00%) Scala
Qualifications
1 150 (13.65%) Security Cleared
2 119 (10.83%) SC Cleared
3 94 (8.55%) Degree
4 41 (3.73%) ISEB
4 41 (3.73%) ISTQB
5 25 (2.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 24 (2.18%) BPSS Clearance
7 23 (2.09%) Computer Science Degree
7 23 (2.09%) DV Cleared
8 13 (1.18%) Master's Degree
9 9 (0.82%) Cisco Certification
10 7 (0.64%) CCNA
10 7 (0.64%) CCNP
11 6 (0.55%) Numerate Degree
12 5 (0.45%) BC Cleared
12 5 (0.45%) CCDP
12 5 (0.45%) CCIP
13 4 (0.36%) CISSP
13 4 (0.36%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (2.09%) Data Quality
2 18 (1.64%) PMO
2 18 (1.64%) SLA
3 14 (1.27%) GDPR
4 10 (0.91%) WCAG
5 9 (0.82%) GxP
5 9 (0.82%) PCI DSS
6 7 (0.64%) ISO 9001
7 6 (0.55%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 5 (0.45%) ISO 14001
9 3 (0.27%) ISO 13485
9 3 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 3 (0.27%) MiFID
10 2 (0.18%) EMIR
10 2 (0.18%) GMP
10 2 (0.18%) ISAE 3402
11 1 (0.091%) GLP
11 1 (0.091%) Government Security Classifications
11 1 (0.091%) ISO 9000
11 1 (0.091%) TickIT
System Software
1 109 (9.92%) Docker
2 21 (1.91%) Active Directory
3 18 (1.64%) Hyper-V
3 18 (1.64%) Microsoft App-V
4 16 (1.46%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.55%) Virtual Desktop
6 3 (0.27%) vSphere
7 2 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.091%) Firmware
8 1 (0.091%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.091%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.091%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.091%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 52 (4.73%) Kubernetes
2 44 (4.00%) Ansible
2 44 (4.00%) Opscode Chef
3 41 (3.73%) Terraform
4 34 (3.09%) Puppet
5 23 (2.09%) SCCM
6 12 (1.09%) AppDNA
6 12 (1.09%) Docker Swarm
7 10 (0.91%) Salt
8 8 (0.73%) HP ALM
8 8 (0.73%) Nagios
9 7 (0.64%) Rancher
10 6 (0.55%) ZABBIX
11 5 (0.45%) HP Quality Center
11 5 (0.45%) Single Sign-On
12 3 (0.27%) CFEngine
12 3 (0.27%) Consul
12 3 (0.27%) Microsoft Intune
12 3 (0.27%) Prometheus
12 3 (0.27%) SCOM
Vendors
1 138 (12.56%) Oracle
2 115 (10.46%) Microsoft
3 34 (3.09%) SAP
4 29 (2.64%) Cisco
5 24 (2.18%) Dell
5 24 (2.18%) Splunk
6 21 (1.91%) HP
6 21 (1.91%) Red Hat
7 20 (1.82%) Google
7 20 (1.82%) VMware
8 18 (1.64%) Citrix
9 17 (1.55%) IBM
10 15 (1.36%) Salesforce.com
11 10 (0.91%) AppDynamics
11 10 (0.91%) Cognos
12 9 (0.82%) Databricks
13 8 (0.73%) Atlassian
13 8 (0.73%) ICL
13 8 (0.73%) Tableau
13 8 (0.73%) Xamarin