Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 75 75 76
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 +3
Contract jobs citing QA 1,817 1,042 2,671
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.22% 3.12% 3.17%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 26.20% 27.48% 28.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,216 711 1,760
10th Percentile £309 £300 £313
25th Percentile £385 £364 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
75th Percentile £575 £550 £538
90th Percentile £675 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £475 £473 £450
% change year-on-year +0.53% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 39 26 43
10th Percentile £12.50 £15.13 £9.65
25th Percentile £14.50 £19.19 £12.38
Median hourly rate £20.00 £22.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -9.09% -2.22% -15.09%
75th Percentile £25.50 £33.94 £44.04
90th Percentile £30.55 £39.38 £52.75
UK median hourly rate £20.14 £21.25 £23.00
% change year-on-year -5.25% -7.61% -17.86%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 6,935 3,792 9,433
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.27% 11.36% 11.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,548 2,434 6,051
10th Percentile £263 £264 £250
25th Percentile £375 £363 £350
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £485 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +2.00% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £588 £575 £550
90th Percentile £675 £645 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 299 166 366
10th Percentile £11.36 £12.69 £10.66
25th Percentile £14.00 £17.33 £14.00
Median hourly rate £21.00 £24.80 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year -15.31% +12.72% +0.46%
75th Percentile £45.00 £45.00 £43.75
90th Percentile £61.66 £54.22 £53.00
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £22.61 £21.50
% change year-on-year -7.12% +5.16% -

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 1,078 £520 +4.00% 310
North of England -11 178 £450 - 186
South East -7 172 £425 +6.25% 134
Midlands -15 132 £400 -11.11% 124
North West -14 109 £420 -6.67% 102
West Midlands -16 81 £410 -8.89% 67
South West +9 69 £450 +2.27% 67
East Midlands +1 50 £375 -16.67% 57
East of England -9 48 £440 -11.56% 73
Yorkshire 0 45 £450 -2.17% 54
North East +9 24 £600 +24.03% 30
South Coast - 1 - -
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 805 (44.30%) Agile Software Development
2 506 (27.85%) Social Skills
3 489 (26.91%) Test Automation
4 393 (21.63%) Finance
5 330 (18.16%) SQL
6 310 (17.06%) Java
7 307 (16.90%) DevOps
8 286 (15.74%) Azure
9 272 (14.97%) Scrum
9 272 (14.97%) JIRA
10 228 (12.55%) Python
11 225 (12.38%) TDD
12 220 (12.11%) Problem-Solving
13 218 (12.00%) JavaScript
14 210 (11.56%) Analytical Skills
15 206 (11.34%) Microsoft
16 196 (10.79%) AWS
17 191 (10.51%) Jenkins
18 188 (10.35%) Software Engineering
19 182 (10.02%) Git (software)
20 179 (9.85%) BDD
21 176 (9.69%) Project Management
22 172 (9.47%) Cucumber
23 168 (9.25%) Selenium
24 167 (9.19%) Oracle
25 159 (8.75%) C#
25 159 (8.75%) Stakeholder Management
26 157 (8.64%) Software Testing
27 155 (8.53%) Continuous Integration
28 153 (8.42%) Degree

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 126 (6.93%) Confluence
2 59 (3.25%) SharePoint
3 36 (1.98%) Apache Spark
4 33 (1.82%) Apache
5 24 (1.32%) CMS
6 17 (0.94%) IIS
7 14 (0.77%) Apache Airflow
8 10 (0.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 9 (0.50%) Tomcat
10 7 (0.39%) Elasticsearch
10 7 (0.39%) MS Exchange
10 7 (0.39%) WebLogic
11 6 (0.33%) Drupal
12 5 (0.28%) Headless CMS
12 5 (0.28%) JBoss
12 5 (0.28%) Oracle Coherence
13 4 (0.22%) MQSeries
13 4 (0.22%) nginx
13 4 (0.22%) WebSphere
14 3 (0.17%) SAS
Applications
1 82 (4.51%) Microsoft Excel
2 73 (4.02%) Microsoft Office
3 38 (2.09%) MS Visio
4 32 (1.76%) Microsoft Project
5 26 (1.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.50%) Sketch
7 7 (0.39%) Figma
8 6 (0.33%) InVision
8 6 (0.33%) Photoshop
9 4 (0.22%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 4 (0.22%) Adobe Illustrator
9 4 (0.22%) AutoCAD
9 4 (0.22%) InDesign
9 4 (0.22%) Revit
9 4 (0.22%) SPSS
10 3 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
11 2 (0.11%) Adobe Premiere
11 2 (0.11%) Mingle
11 2 (0.11%) Open Workbench
12 1 (0.055%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 15 (0.83%) Dynamics CRM
1 15 (0.83%) Oracle EBS
2 11 (0.61%) SAP HCM
3 9 (0.50%) SAP FI-CA
3 9 (0.50%) SAP PSCD
4 7 (0.39%) Oracle EBS R12
4 7 (0.39%) SAP S/4HANA
5 6 (0.33%) Oracle Financials
5 6 (0.33%) Relativity
6 5 (0.28%) Dynamics AX
6 5 (0.28%) Oracle Assets
6 5 (0.28%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 4 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
7 4 (0.22%) Oracle AGIS
7 4 (0.22%) Oracle ERP
7 4 (0.22%) Oracle General Ledger
7 4 (0.22%) Oracle Payables
7 4 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.22%) Summit
8 3 (0.17%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 286 (15.74%) Azure
2 196 (10.79%) AWS
3 92 (5.06%) Power Platform
4 67 (3.69%) GitHub
5 63 (3.47%) GCP
6 54 (2.97%) Serverless
7 48 (2.64%) SaaS
8 44 (2.42%) PaaS
9 41 (2.26%) Azure Active Directory
9 41 (2.26%) IaaS
10 38 (2.09%) AWS Lambda
11 35 (1.93%) Microsoft 365
12 26 (1.43%) Amazon S3
13 23 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
14 22 (1.21%) SuccessFactors
15 21 (1.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 21 (1.16%) Amazon EC2
16 20 (1.10%) Datadog
17 18 (0.99%) Dynamics 365
18 17 (0.94%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 27 (1.49%) DNS
2 26 (1.43%) HTTP
3 24 (1.32%) Internet
4 23 (1.27%) Firewall
5 22 (1.21%) WAN
6 19 (1.05%) SAN
7 15 (0.83%) FTP
7 15 (0.83%) VLAN
8 14 (0.77%) NAS
9 13 (0.72%) LAN
10 12 (0.66%) DHCP
11 11 (0.61%) Network Security
11 11 (0.61%) TCP/IP
12 9 (0.50%) Wireless
13 8 (0.44%) SSL
13 8 (0.44%) Unified Communications
13 8 (0.44%) VoIP
13 8 (0.44%) VPN
14 7 (0.39%) ATM
15 6 (0.33%) 5G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 112 (6.16%) SQL Server
2 82 (4.51%) Power BI
3 56 (3.08%) Data Warehouse
4 45 (2.48%) Big Data
5 44 (2.42%) NoSQL
6 43 (2.37%) Hadoop
6 43 (2.37%) Tableau
7 42 (2.31%) MongoDB
8 37 (2.04%) Oracle Reports
9 31 (1.71%) PostgreSQL
9 31 (1.71%) Relational Database
10 29 (1.60%) MySQL
11 26 (1.43%) Apache Hive
11 26 (1.43%) Metadata
12 25 (1.38%) Data Lake
13 19 (1.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 18 (0.99%) Azure SQL Database
14 18 (0.99%) Oracle Database
15 16 (0.88%) Amazon RDS
15 16 (0.88%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 272 (14.97%) JIRA
2 191 (10.51%) Jenkins
3 182 (10.02%) Git (software)
4 172 (9.47%) Cucumber
5 168 (9.25%) Selenium
6 87 (4.79%) Postman
7 67 (3.69%) Maven
8 46 (2.53%) GitLab
8 46 (2.53%) JUnit
9 45 (2.48%) SoapUI
10 44 (2.42%) JMeter
11 43 (2.37%) Cypress.io
11 43 (2.37%) REST Assured
12 39 (2.15%) Appium
13 35 (1.93%) Octopus Deploy
14 32 (1.76%) Gatling
14 32 (1.76%) Protractor
15 29 (1.60%) SpecFlow
16 28 (1.54%) IntelliJ
16 28 (1.54%) Visual Studio
General
1 506 (27.85%) Social Skills
2 393 (21.63%) Finance
3 210 (11.56%) Analytical Skills
4 145 (7.98%) Banking
5 135 (7.43%) Public Sector
6 96 (5.28%) Retail
7 72 (3.96%) Marketing
8 66 (3.63%) Influencing Skills
9 49 (2.70%) Telecoms
10 47 (2.59%) Presentation Skills
11 44 (2.42%) Legal
12 37 (2.04%) Investment Banking
13 36 (1.98%) Manufacturing
14 25 (1.38%) Documentation Skills
14 25 (1.38%) Front Office
15 23 (1.27%) Law
16 20 (1.10%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 19 (1.05%) Advertising
17 19 (1.05%) Electronics
17 19 (1.05%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 317 (17.45%) Developer
2 297 (16.35%) Analyst
3 137 (7.54%) Tester
4 100 (5.50%) Architect
4 100 (5.50%) Business Analyst
5 98 (5.39%) QA Engineer
6 80 (4.40%) Test Analyst
7 77 (4.24%) Project Manager
8 71 (3.91%) Test Engineer
9 63 (3.47%) Consultant
9 63 (3.47%) QA Tester
10 58 (3.19%) Automation Tester
11 57 (3.14%) Java Developer
12 55 (3.03%) Test Manager
13 54 (2.97%) Data Analyst
14 45 (2.48%) QA Analyst
14 45 (2.48%) Senior Developer
15 44 (2.42%) Test Leader
16 41 (2.26%) DevOps Engineer
17 40 (2.20%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 134 (7.37%) .NET
2 120 (6.60%) REST
3 118 (6.49%) React
4 102 (5.61%) RESTful
5 100 (5.50%) CSS
5 100 (5.50%) HTML
6 89 (4.90%) AngularJS
6 89 (4.90%) Spring
7 85 (4.68%) Node.js
8 83 (4.57%) Web Services
9 78 (4.29%) JSON
10 70 (3.85%) XML
11 64 (3.52%) GraphQL
12 59 (3.25%) Gherkin
13 47 (2.59%) SOAP
14 46 (2.53%) Spring Boot
15 44 (2.42%) Kafka
16 42 (2.31%) ASP.NET
17 33 (1.82%) Middleware
18 28 (1.54%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 122 (6.71%) User Experience
2 62 (3.41%) Greenfield Project
3 53 (2.92%) Self-Motivation
4 51 (2.81%) Management Information System
4 51 (2.81%) Mobile App
4 51 (2.81%) Virtual Team
5 43 (2.37%) Data Structures
6 33 (1.82%) Algorithms
7 30 (1.65%) Data Centre
8 26 (1.43%) Data Protection Act
8 26 (1.43%) NHS
9 17 (0.94%) PMI
10 16 (0.88%) Fixed Income
11 15 (0.83%) Public Cloud
12 14 (0.77%) Cloud Native
12 14 (0.77%) Legacy Systems
12 14 (0.77%) Linux Command Line
13 13 (0.72%) Enterprise Software
13 13 (0.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 10 (0.55%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 120 (6.60%) Windows
2 107 (5.89%) Linux
3 91 (5.01%) Unix
4 73 (4.02%) Apple iOS
5 53 (2.92%) Android
6 20 (1.10%) Windows 10
7 16 (0.88%) Windows Server
8 9 (0.50%) Mac OS
9 7 (0.39%) Windows Server 2019
10 6 (0.33%) AIX
10 6 (0.33%) Windows Server 2016
11 5 (0.28%) VMS
12 4 (0.22%) CentOS
12 4 (0.22%) Ubuntu
13 3 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.055%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 1 (0.055%) Solaris
14 1 (0.055%) Windows 7
14 1 (0.055%) Windows Server 2003
14 1 (0.055%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 805 (44.30%) Agile Software Development
2 489 (26.91%) Test Automation
3 307 (16.90%) DevOps
4 272 (14.97%) Scrum
5 225 (12.38%) TDD
6 220 (12.11%) Problem-Solving
7 188 (10.35%) Software Engineering
8 179 (9.85%) BDD
9 176 (9.69%) Project Management
10 159 (8.75%) Stakeholder Management
11 157 (8.64%) Software Testing
12 155 (8.53%) Continuous Integration
13 152 (8.37%) Test Strategy
14 151 (8.31%) Continuous Improvement
15 149 (8.20%) Microservices
16 146 (8.04%) Analytics
17 143 (7.87%) User Acceptance Testing
18 138 (7.59%) SDLC
19 121 (6.66%) Business Intelligence
20 119 (6.55%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 330 (18.16%) SQL
2 310 (17.06%) Java
3 228 (12.55%) Python
4 218 (12.00%) JavaScript
5 159 (8.75%) C#
6 64 (3.52%) PowerShell
7 57 (3.14%) TypeScript
8 56 (3.08%) C++
9 38 (2.09%) Ruby
10 34 (1.87%) Scala
11 32 (1.76%) Bash Shell
11 32 (1.76%) PL/SQL
12 31 (1.71%) R
13 29 (1.60%) Java 8
14 25 (1.38%) Shell Script
15 21 (1.16%) T-SQL
16 19 (1.05%) Apple Swift
17 16 (0.88%) PHP
18 14 (0.77%) C
18 14 (0.77%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 153 (8.42%) Degree
2 147 (8.09%) Security Cleared
3 107 (5.89%) SC Cleared
4 82 (4.51%) ISTQB
5 60 (3.30%) ISEB
6 47 (2.59%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 40 (2.20%) Computer Science Degree
8 31 (1.71%) PMP
9 27 (1.49%) BPSS Clearance
10 21 (1.16%) PMI Certification
11 20 (1.10%) DV Cleared
12 14 (0.77%) Master's Degree
13 13 (0.72%) CISSP
14 9 (0.50%) CISM
15 8 (0.44%) Cisco Certification
16 6 (0.33%) AWS Certification
16 6 (0.33%) PRINCE2 Certification
17 5 (0.28%) APMP
17 5 (0.28%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
17 5 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (3.41%) Data Quality
2 56 (3.08%) PMO
3 46 (2.53%) Accessibility
4 19 (1.05%) SLA
5 17 (0.94%) GDPR
6 15 (0.83%) GRC
7 13 (0.72%) MiFID
8 11 (0.61%) NIST
9 10 (0.55%) Disclosure Scotland
9 10 (0.55%) WCAG
10 7 (0.39%) FATCA
11 6 (0.33%) ISO 9000
12 5 (0.28%) SEPA
13 4 (0.22%) ISO 20022
13 4 (0.22%) NCSC
13 4 (0.22%) PCI DSS
13 4 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 3 (0.17%) GMP
14 3 (0.17%) TickIT
14 3 (0.17%) WAI
System Software
1 118 (6.49%) Docker
2 63 (3.47%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
4 14 (0.77%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.66%) HDFS
6 9 (0.50%) PowerHA
7 4 (0.22%) NFS
7 4 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
7 4 (0.22%) vSphere
8 3 (0.17%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.055%) Varnish
9 1 (0.055%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.055%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 93 (5.12%) Kubernetes
2 54 (2.97%) Terraform
3 33 (1.82%) Ansible
4 21 (1.16%) Grafana
5 20 (1.10%) Prometheus
6 17 (0.94%) ZABBIX
7 14 (0.77%) HP Quality Center
8 12 (0.66%) HP ALM
8 12 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
9 10 (0.55%) Puppet
10 8 (0.44%) Control-M
10 8 (0.44%) Rancher
11 7 (0.39%) FortiGate
11 7 (0.39%) Istio
12 6 (0.33%) SCCM
13 5 (0.28%) Packer
13 5 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
14 4 (0.22%) Core Impact
15 3 (0.17%) Microsoft Intune
16 2 (0.11%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 206 (11.34%) Microsoft
2 167 (9.19%) Oracle
3 93 (5.12%) SAP
4 61 (3.36%) Salesforce.com
5 52 (2.86%) Google
6 40 (2.20%) Splunk
7 34 (1.87%) IBM
8 31 (1.71%) Adobe
9 25 (1.38%) Cisco
10 23 (1.27%) Atlassian
10 23 (1.27%) VMware
11 20 (1.10%) New Relic
11 20 (1.10%) Red Hat
12 19 (1.05%) HP
13 18 (0.99%) Informatica
14 17 (0.94%) CA
14 17 (0.94%) Spiceworks
15 16 (0.88%) ServiceNow
16 12 (0.66%) CA Agile Central
17 9 (0.50%) Palo Alto