Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 12 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
12 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 63 76 75
Rank change year-on-year +13 -1 +5
Contract jobs citing QA 2,503 1,846 964
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.44% 3.13% 3.15%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 27.09% 25.51% 27.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,712 1,228 647
10th Percentile £356 £313 £300
25th Percentile £425 £388 £361
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £625 £575 £550
90th Percentile £750 £675 £625
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +10.53% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 46 44 25
10th Percentile £14.10 £12.54 £13.82
25th Percentile £16.47 £14.50 £18.50
Median hourly rate £27.25 £19.50 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +39.74% -13.33% +0.64%
75th Percentile £55.00 £26.00 £32.25
90th Percentile £67.43 £55.04 £38.75
UK median hourly rate £26.00 £20.50 £21.50
% change year-on-year +26.83% -4.65% -4.44%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 9,239 7,236 3,515
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.71% 12.26% 11.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,323 4,791 2,219
10th Percentile £300 £263 £269
25th Percentile £413 £375 £360
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £495 £475
Median % change year-on-year +6.06% +4.21% +5.56%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £750 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £488 £470
% change year-on-year +7.69% +3.72% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 231 295 159
10th Percentile £12.88 £11.56 £11.49
25th Percentile £16.25 £14.00 £16.50
Median hourly rate £24.50 £21.00 £25.33
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -17.09% +17.81%
75th Percentile £50.77 £44.57 £45.00
90th Percentile £72.50 £62.12 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £20.68 £22.91
% change year-on-year +20.92% -9.76% +8.51%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 12 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +12 1,490 £550 +4.76% 279
South East +22 286 £475 +8.88% 130
North of England -9 213 £475 +5.56% 160
Midlands +6 179 £430 +4.24% 123
West Midlands +20 149 £432 +2.86% 70
North West -11 121 £463 +11.78% 86
South West +4 88 £500 +11.11% 83
East of England +15 76 £450 +4.65% 59
Yorkshire -8 71 £475 +5.56% 36
East Midlands -22 29 £423 +12.67% 53
North East -11 21 £500 -16.67% 38
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 12 August 2022, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 1,188 (47.46%) Agile
2 682 (27.25%) Test Automation
3 680 (27.17%) Social Skills
4 640 (25.57%) Finance
5 491 (19.62%) SQL
6 487 (19.46%) DevOps
7 467 (18.66%) Java
8 441 (17.62%) Azure
9 404 (16.14%) JIRA
10 368 (14.70%) Scrum
10 368 (14.70%) CI/CD
11 358 (14.30%) JavaScript
12 306 (12.23%) Python
13 304 (12.15%) Problem-Solving
14 299 (11.95%) AWS
15 293 (11.71%) Analytical Skills
16 288 (11.51%) Microsoft
17 276 (11.03%) Security Cleared
17 276 (11.03%) Analytics
18 274 (10.95%) Selenium
19 268 (10.71%) C#
20 265 (10.59%) Project Management
21 251 (10.03%) Stakeholder Management
22 244 (9.75%) User Acceptance Testing
23 240 (9.59%) SC Cleared
24 228 (9.11%) Banking
25 218 (8.71%) .NET
26 217 (8.67%) Public Sector
27 208 (8.31%) Oracle
28 206 (8.23%) Software Testing

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 176 (7.03%) Confluence
2 41 (1.64%) SharePoint
3 32 (1.28%) SAS
4 25 (1.00%) Apache
5 19 (0.76%) Apache Spark
6 17 (0.68%) IIS
7 16 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
8 15 (0.60%) CMS
9 12 (0.48%) Tomcat
9 12 (0.48%) WebSphere
10 10 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 10 (0.40%) Ethereum
11 9 (0.36%) BizTalk Server
11 9 (0.36%) WebLogic
12 7 (0.28%) nginx
13 6 (0.24%) Anypoint
13 6 (0.24%) JBoss
13 6 (0.24%) SharePoint 2013
13 6 (0.24%) Skype for Business
14 5 (0.20%) Drupal
Applications
1 105 (4.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 101 (4.04%) Microsoft Office
3 43 (1.72%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 32 (1.28%) Microsoft Project
5 31 (1.24%) MS Visio
6 25 (1.00%) Sketch
7 10 (0.40%) InVision
8 8 (0.32%) Zeplin
9 6 (0.24%) AutoCAD
9 6 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
10 4 (0.16%) Photoshop
11 3 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
11 3 (0.12%) Camtasia
11 3 (0.12%) Open Workbench
12 2 (0.080%) Adobe XD
12 2 (0.080%) Maya
12 2 (0.080%) Snagit
12 2 (0.080%) UXPin
13 1 (0.040%) SPSS
13 1 (0.040%) Stata
Business Applications
1 21 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.68%) SAP HCM
2 17 (0.68%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 14 (0.56%) SAP FI-CA
3 14 (0.56%) SAP PSCD
4 13 (0.52%) SAP Payroll
5 11 (0.44%) SAP S/4HANA
5 11 (0.44%) Shopify
6 9 (0.36%) SAP FI
7 8 (0.32%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 6 (0.24%) Actimize
8 6 (0.24%) Fidessa
8 6 (0.24%) Misys Midas
8 6 (0.24%) NetSuite
8 6 (0.24%) SAP CO
8 6 (0.24%) SAP FI/CO
9 5 (0.20%) SAP IS-U
10 4 (0.16%) Magento
10 4 (0.16%) Oracle AML
10 4 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 441 (17.62%) Azure
2 299 (11.95%) AWS
3 145 (5.79%) Azure DevOps
4 142 (5.67%) GCP
5 89 (3.56%) Power Platform
6 76 (3.04%) SaaS
7 61 (2.44%) GitHub
8 46 (1.84%) Serverless
9 44 (1.76%) Microsoft 365
10 37 (1.48%) BrowserStack
11 31 (1.24%) Dynamics 365
12 30 (1.20%) AWS Lambda
12 30 (1.20%) PaaS
12 30 (1.20%) Sauce Labs
13 28 (1.12%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
13 28 (1.12%) Tricentis Tosca
14 26 (1.04%) IaaS
14 26 (1.04%) Snowflake
14 26 (1.04%) SuccessFactors
15 23 (0.92%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 52 (2.08%) DNS
2 38 (1.52%) DHCP
2 38 (1.52%) Firewall
3 30 (1.20%) Internet
4 26 (1.04%) WAN
5 23 (0.92%) HTTP
6 14 (0.56%) VPN
7 13 (0.52%) SD-WAN
7 13 (0.52%) TCP/IP
8 11 (0.44%) LTE
9 10 (0.40%) MPLS
9 10 (0.40%) SAN
10 9 (0.36%) FIX Connectivity
10 9 (0.36%) LAN
10 9 (0.36%) NetScaler
10 9 (0.36%) Network Security
10 9 (0.36%) Skype
10 9 (0.36%) VoIP
10 9 (0.36%) WebEx
11 8 (0.32%) 5G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 111 (4.43%) SQL Server
2 73 (2.92%) Power BI
3 70 (2.80%) Big Data
4 69 (2.76%) Relational Database
5 68 (2.72%) Data Warehouse
6 59 (2.36%) NoSQL
7 55 (2.20%) MySQL
8 47 (1.88%) MongoDB
9 46 (1.84%) Oracle Database
10 40 (1.60%) PostgreSQL
11 37 (1.48%) Tableau
12 34 (1.36%) Amazon Redshift
13 30 (1.20%) Amazon RDS
14 28 (1.12%) Pentaho
15 27 (1.08%) Metadata
16 25 (1.00%) RDBMS
17 24 (0.96%) Data Lake
18 23 (0.92%) BusinessObjects
19 22 (0.88%) BigQuery
20 21 (0.84%) DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 404 (16.14%) JIRA
2 274 (10.95%) Selenium
3 205 (8.19%) Git (software)
4 201 (8.03%) Jenkins
5 173 (6.91%) Cucumber
6 151 (6.03%) Postman
7 112 (4.47%) Cypress.io
8 89 (3.56%) JMeter
9 84 (3.36%) SpecFlow
10 73 (2.92%) GitLab
11 70 (2.80%) SoapUI
12 69 (2.76%) REST Assured
13 68 (2.72%) Bitbucket
14 60 (2.40%) Gatling
15 55 (2.20%) TeamCity
16 53 (2.12%) Maven
17 37 (1.48%) Protractor
18 34 (1.36%) JUnit
19 33 (1.32%) TestCafe
20 31 (1.24%) Zephyr
General
1 680 (27.17%) Social Skills
2 640 (25.57%) Finance
3 293 (11.71%) Analytical Skills
4 228 (9.11%) Banking
5 217 (8.67%) Public Sector
6 130 (5.19%) Front Office
7 108 (4.31%) Retail
8 100 (4.00%) Presentation Skills
9 89 (3.56%) Investment Banking
10 74 (2.96%) Telecoms
11 67 (2.68%) Legal
12 49 (1.96%) Influencing Skills
13 41 (1.64%) Law
14 40 (1.60%) Financial Institution
14 40 (1.60%) Organisational Skills
15 38 (1.52%) Marketing
16 30 (1.20%) Documentation Skills
17 23 (0.92%) Back Office
18 22 (0.88%) Automotive
18 22 (0.88%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 421 (16.82%) Analyst
2 402 (16.06%) Developer
3 189 (7.55%) Tester
4 168 (6.71%) QA Engineer
5 160 (6.39%) Architect
6 142 (5.67%) Test Analyst
7 126 (5.03%) Business Analyst
8 115 (4.59%) Project Manager
9 109 (4.35%) Java Developer
10 96 (3.84%) QA Tester
11 86 (3.44%) Test Manager
12 81 (3.24%) Automation Tester
13 80 (3.20%) Senior Developer
14 79 (3.16%) Software Engineer
15 76 (3.04%) Test Engineer
16 72 (2.88%) Consultant
17 68 (2.72%) Test Leader
18 60 (2.40%) AWS Engineer
19 59 (2.36%) QA Analyst
20 58 (2.32%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 218 (8.71%) .NET
2 199 (7.95%) React
3 190 (7.59%) REST
4 150 (5.99%) HTML
5 123 (4.91%) Node.js
6 122 (4.87%) CSS
7 120 (4.79%) RESTful
8 116 (4.63%) AngularJS
9 101 (4.04%) Spring
10 90 (3.60%) JSON
11 87 (3.48%) Web Services
12 84 (3.36%) Kafka
13 77 (3.08%) Spring Boot
14 68 (2.72%) Gherkin
15 62 (2.48%) SOAP
16 60 (2.40%) .NET Framework
17 59 (2.36%) GraphQL
18 55 (2.20%) XML
19 51 (2.04%) HTML5
20 48 (1.92%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 152 (6.07%) User Experience
2 97 (3.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 77 (3.08%) Management Information System
4 73 (2.92%) Mobile App
5 61 (2.44%) Fixed Income
6 60 (2.40%) Hedge funds
7 53 (2.12%) Equities
8 47 (1.88%) Legacy Systems
8 47 (1.88%) Self-Motivation
9 43 (1.72%) Enterprise Software
10 42 (1.68%) Virtual Team
11 33 (1.32%) Data Structures
12 29 (1.16%) Public Cloud
13 28 (1.12%) Data Centre
13 28 (1.12%) Greenfield Project
14 24 (0.96%) Derivative
15 23 (0.92%) Clustering
16 22 (0.88%) Cloud Native
17 21 (0.84%) Market Risk
18 20 (0.80%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 174 (6.95%) Linux
2 166 (6.63%) Windows
3 114 (4.55%) Unix
4 48 (1.92%) Android
5 46 (1.84%) Windows 10
6 40 (1.60%) Apple iOS
7 35 (1.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 27 (1.08%) Windows 7
8 27 (1.08%) Windows Server 2008
9 25 (1.00%) Windows Server 2003
10 22 (0.88%) Windows Server
11 16 (0.64%) Solaris
12 14 (0.56%) AIX
13 6 (0.24%) CentOS
13 6 (0.24%) VMS
14 4 (0.16%) Debian
14 4 (0.16%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.12%) Ubuntu
15 3 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
16 2 (0.080%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,188 (47.46%) Agile
2 682 (27.25%) Test Automation
3 487 (19.46%) DevOps
4 368 (14.70%) CI/CD
4 368 (14.70%) Scrum
5 304 (12.15%) Problem-Solving
6 276 (11.03%) Analytics
7 265 (10.59%) Project Management
8 251 (10.03%) Stakeholder Management
9 244 (9.75%) User Acceptance Testing
10 206 (8.23%) Software Testing
11 203 (8.11%) SDLC
12 201 (8.03%) Migration
12 201 (8.03%) User Stories
13 194 (7.75%) Microservices
14 191 (7.63%) Continuous Improvement
15 180 (7.19%) Project Delivery
15 180 (7.19%) TDD
16 179 (7.15%) Continuous Integration
17 178 (7.11%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 491 (19.62%) SQL
2 467 (18.66%) Java
3 358 (14.30%) JavaScript
4 306 (12.23%) Python
5 268 (10.71%) C#
6 137 (5.47%) TypeScript
7 75 (3.00%) PowerShell
8 69 (2.76%) Scala
9 60 (2.40%) PL/SQL
10 57 (2.28%) C++
11 40 (1.60%) R
12 30 (1.20%) Bash
13 24 (0.96%) VBScript
14 23 (0.92%) T-SQL
15 22 (0.88%) Apex Code
15 22 (0.88%) Groovy
16 20 (0.80%) Go
17 19 (0.76%) Perl
18 16 (0.64%) C
19 15 (0.60%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 276 (11.03%) Security Cleared
2 240 (9.59%) SC Cleared
3 190 (7.59%) Degree
4 104 (4.16%) ISTQB
5 61 (2.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 59 (2.36%) ISEB
7 36 (1.44%) Computer Science Degree
8 31 (1.24%) PMP
9 22 (0.88%) DV Cleared
10 18 (0.72%) PMI Certification
11 15 (0.60%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 14 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
13 12 (0.48%) ITIL Certification
14 11 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
14 11 (0.44%) CCNA
14 11 (0.44%) Cisco Certification
14 11 (0.44%) Numerate Degree
15 9 (0.36%) APMP
15 9 (0.36%) PRINCE2 Certification
16 8 (0.32%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 74 (2.96%) Data Quality
2 72 (2.88%) Accessibility
3 59 (2.36%) PMO
4 55 (2.20%) GDPR
5 35 (1.40%) SLA
6 23 (0.92%) WCAG
7 9 (0.36%) NIST
8 7 (0.28%) EMIR
8 7 (0.28%) ISO 9001
8 7 (0.28%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 6 (0.24%) GRC
9 6 (0.24%) MiFID
10 5 (0.20%) NCSC
11 3 (0.12%) GxP
11 3 (0.12%) IFRS
11 3 (0.12%) IFRS 17
11 3 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 3 (0.12%) JSP 440
11 3 (0.12%) P3O
11 3 (0.12%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 188 (7.51%) Docker
2 69 (2.76%) Active Directory
3 42 (1.68%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (0.96%) VMware ESXi
5 19 (0.76%) Virtual Machines
6 18 (0.72%) XenApp
7 12 (0.48%) Hyper-V
8 10 (0.40%) PowerHA
8 10 (0.40%) Virtual Desktop
8 10 (0.40%) vSphere
9 8 (0.32%) DFS Replication
10 6 (0.24%) HDFS
10 6 (0.24%) Microsoft App-V
11 5 (0.20%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 5 (0.20%) MetaFrame
12 3 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
13 2 (0.080%) VMware NSX
14 1 (0.040%) Citrix Presentation Server
14 1 (0.040%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 1 (0.040%) zsh
Systems Management
1 136 (5.43%) Kubernetes
2 84 (3.36%) Terraform
3 62 (2.48%) Ansible
4 31 (1.24%) SCCM
5 24 (0.96%) HP ALM
6 22 (0.88%) HP Quality Center
7 12 (0.48%) Grafana
8 10 (0.40%) Opscode Chef
8 10 (0.40%) Puppet
9 9 (0.36%) Kibana
10 8 (0.32%) SCVMM
11 6 (0.24%) Microsoft Intune
11 6 (0.24%) Red Hat Satellite
11 6 (0.24%) SELinux
11 6 (0.24%) vRealize
12 5 (0.20%) Avamar
12 5 (0.20%) logstash
13 4 (0.16%) Consul
13 4 (0.16%) MIIS
13 4 (0.16%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 288 (11.51%) Microsoft
2 208 (8.31%) Oracle
3 129 (5.15%) SAP
4 84 (3.36%) Salesforce.com
5 66 (2.64%) VMware
6 60 (2.40%) Citrix
7 55 (2.20%) HP
8 54 (2.16%) Google
9 46 (1.84%) Cisco
10 35 (1.40%) IBM
11 29 (1.16%) Remedy
12 28 (1.12%) Red Hat
12 28 (1.12%) ServiceNow
13 26 (1.04%) Adobe
14 25 (1.00%) Symantec
15 24 (0.96%) Atlassian
15 24 (0.96%) SolarWinds
15 24 (0.96%) Splunk
15 24 (0.96%) Talend
16 22 (0.88%) Denodo