Period
to 23 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 23 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
23 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 73 65 74
Rank change year-on-year -8 +9 -10
Contract jobs citing QA 2,949 2,793 2,760
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.20% 3.35% 2.84%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 25.80% 28.86% 24.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,971 1,832 1,790
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.90%
10th Percentile £300 £271 £263
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 44 49
England median hourly rate £21.90 £25.50 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.12% +13.33% -31.23%
10th Percentile £15.00 £13.03 £7.88
90th Percentile £75.00 £66.60 £49.05
UK median hourly rate £21.90 £26.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -15.77% +15.56% -35.71%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 11,429 9,679 11,057
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.41% 11.60% 11.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,399 6,319 7,192
England median daily rate £450 £450 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +9.76% +2.50%
10th Percentile £263 £250 £235
90th Percentile £638 £638 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £433 £400
% change year-on-year +4.05% +8.13% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 323 322 385
England median hourly rate £22.50 £20.50 £22.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.76% -10.23% +11.39%
10th Percentile £11.75 £10.78 £11.17
90th Percentile £51.15 £52.50 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £22.50 £23.81
% change year-on-year - -5.49% +16.13%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 23 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 23 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 23 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -9 1,591 £475 +5.56% 540
South East +10 579 £425 +6.25% 250
North of England -21 326 £400 +6.67% 245
Midlands -25 197 £379 +1.13% 126
Yorkshire +1 149 £425 +13.33% 88
North West -33 131 £400 +9.59% 137
West Midlands -7 128 £377 -2.77% 79
South West -21 127 £375 +7.14% 77
East of England -6 118 £413 +10.00% 106
East Midlands -23 68 £380 +1.33% 47
North East -7 49 £350 - 20
South Coast -2 1 £700 -
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 23 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 1,473 (49.95%) Agile Software Development
2 958 (32.49%) Test Automation
3 739 (25.06%) Java
4 655 (22.21%) Finance
5 573 (19.43%) Scrum
6 561 (19.02%) SQL
7 529 (17.94%) Selenium
8 484 (16.41%) TDD
9 473 (16.04%) JIRA
10 462 (15.67%) BDD
11 413 (14.00%) DevOps
12 408 (13.84%) JavaScript
13 380 (12.89%) C#
14 357 (12.11%) Continuous Integration
15 325 (11.02%) Cucumber
16 316 (10.72%) .NET
17 311 (10.55%) Git (software)
18 302 (10.24%) Jenkins
19 299 (10.14%) Problem-Solving
20 298 (10.11%) Project Management
21 276 (9.36%) Web Services
22 272 (9.22%) Analytical Skills
23 269 (9.12%) HTML
24 267 (9.05%) Banking
24 267 (9.05%) SDLC
25 261 (8.85%) Microsoft
26 238 (8.07%) Software Engineering
27 230 (7.80%) REST
28 229 (7.77%) User Acceptance Testing
29 227 (7.70%) Stakeholder Management

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 187 (6.34%) Confluence
2 84 (2.85%) CMS
3 66 (2.24%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 63 (2.14%) Apache Spark
5 58 (1.97%) Elasticsearch
6 57 (1.93%) SharePoint
7 43 (1.46%) Apache
8 25 (0.85%) Cloud Foundry
9 24 (0.81%) IIS
9 24 (0.81%) Tomcat
10 23 (0.78%) JBoss
11 17 (0.58%) WebSphere
12 16 (0.54%) OpenStack
12 16 (0.54%) Sitecore CMS
13 14 (0.47%) Apache Solr
13 14 (0.47%) nginx
13 14 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 12 (0.41%) SAS
15 11 (0.37%) Umbraco
16 10 (0.34%) EPiServer
Applications
1 92 (3.12%) Microsoft Excel
2 73 (2.48%) Microsoft Office
3 48 (1.63%) Microsoft Project
4 31 (1.05%) MS Visio
5 20 (0.68%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 8 (0.27%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.24%) InfoPath
7 7 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 4 (0.14%) OmniGraffle
9 4 (0.14%) OrCAD
10 3 (0.10%) AutoCAD
10 3 (0.10%) Chatbot
10 3 (0.10%) InDesign
10 3 (0.10%) InVision
11 2 (0.068%) Adobe After Effects
11 2 (0.068%) Open Workbench
12 1 (0.034%) Adobe Captivate
12 1 (0.034%) EngageOne
12 1 (0.034%) PrintSoft PReS
Business Applications
1 38 (1.29%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.41%) Oracle Cash Management
3 11 (0.37%) SAP Hybris
4 9 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
4 9 (0.31%) Oracle Payables
5 8 (0.27%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 7 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
6 7 (0.24%) Oracle Retail
6 7 (0.24%) SAP FI
7 6 (0.20%) Actimize
8 5 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
8 5 (0.17%) SAP CO
8 5 (0.17%) SAP FI/CO
8 5 (0.17%) SAP SD
9 4 (0.14%) Eloqua
9 4 (0.14%) SAP BPC
9 4 (0.14%) Summit
10 3 (0.10%) NetSuite
10 3 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
10 3 (0.10%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 225 (7.63%) Amazon AWS
2 160 (5.43%) Microsoft Azure
3 69 (2.34%) GitHub
4 41 (1.39%) SaaS
5 37 (1.25%) Office 365
6 33 (1.12%) Google Cloud Platform
7 31 (1.05%) BrowserStack
7 31 (1.05%) npm
8 28 (0.95%) Amazon EC2
8 28 (0.95%) PaaS
8 28 (0.95%) Serverless
9 27 (0.92%) Sauce Labs
10 24 (0.81%) Amazon S3
11 22 (0.75%) IaaS
12 21 (0.71%) Google Analytics
13 18 (0.61%) AWS Lambda
14 17 (0.58%) Dynamics 365
15 14 (0.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 14 (0.47%) Amazon Kinesis
15 14 (0.47%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 60 (2.03%) Firewall
2 56 (1.90%) Internet
3 47 (1.59%) HTTP
4 43 (1.46%) SMS
5 29 (0.98%) DNS
6 27 (0.92%) TCP/IP
7 17 (0.58%) WAN
8 16 (0.54%) Network Security
8 16 (0.54%) SSL
9 15 (0.51%) FTP
10 14 (0.47%) DHCP
11 13 (0.44%) Kerberos
12 12 (0.41%) LAN
12 12 (0.41%) MPLS
12 12 (0.41%) VPN
13 10 (0.34%) LTE
13 10 (0.34%) Skype
14 9 (0.31%) Intranet
15 8 (0.27%) BGP
15 8 (0.27%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 185 (6.27%) SQL Server
2 140 (4.75%) Relational Database
3 111 (3.76%) Big Data
4 96 (3.26%) MySQL
5 87 (2.95%) Data Warehouse
6 86 (2.92%) NoSQL
7 81 (2.75%) Hadoop
8 76 (2.58%) PostgreSQL
9 74 (2.51%) MongoDB
10 49 (1.66%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 38 (1.29%) Apache Cassandra
12 37 (1.25%) Redis
13 36 (1.22%) HBase
14 31 (1.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 30 (1.02%) Oracle Database
16 27 (0.92%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 24 (0.81%) Apache Hive
18 23 (0.78%) RDBMS
19 22 (0.75%) Amazon Redshift
19 22 (0.75%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 529 (17.94%) Selenium
2 473 (16.04%) JIRA
3 325 (11.02%) Cucumber
4 311 (10.55%) Git (software)
5 302 (10.24%) Jenkins
6 173 (5.87%) WebDriver
7 144 (4.88%) SpecFlow
8 127 (4.31%) SoapUI
9 93 (3.15%) Maven
10 90 (3.05%) TeamCity
11 89 (3.02%) JMeter
12 85 (2.88%) Team Foundation Server
13 72 (2.44%) JUnit
14 70 (2.37%) Visual Studio
15 50 (1.70%) Subversion
15 50 (1.70%) Visual Studio Team System
16 49 (1.66%) Appium
17 48 (1.63%) Protractor
18 45 (1.53%) HP UFT
19 43 (1.46%) Zephyr
General
1 655 (22.21%) Finance
2 267 (9.05%) Banking
3 197 (6.68%) Retail
4 99 (3.36%) Marketing
5 89 (3.02%) Investment Banking
6 84 (2.85%) Telecoms
7 61 (2.07%) Law
8 55 (1.87%) Games
9 48 (1.63%) Financial Institution
10 47 (1.59%) Legal
11 39 (1.32%) Manufacturing
12 33 (1.12%) Publishing
13 30 (1.02%) Front Office
14 25 (0.85%) Back Office
15 23 (0.78%) Retail Banking
16 22 (0.75%) Pharmaceutical
17 20 (0.68%) Automotive
17 20 (0.68%) Billing
18 19 (0.64%) Advertising
18 19 (0.64%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 575 (19.50%) Developer
2 556 (18.85%) Analyst
3 301 (10.21%) Tester
4 239 (8.10%) Test Analyst
5 200 (6.78%) QA Engineer
6 183 (6.21%) QA Tester
7 179 (6.07%) Project Manager
8 156 (5.29%) Architect
9 154 (5.22%) Business Analyst
10 150 (5.09%) QA Analyst
11 149 (5.05%) Automation Tester
12 130 (4.41%) Test Engineer
13 110 (3.73%) Java Developer
14 97 (3.29%) Consultant
14 97 (3.29%) QA Test Analyst
15 95 (3.22%) DevOps Engineer
16 87 (2.95%) QA Automation Engineer
17 76 (2.58%) QA Automation Tester
18 73 (2.48%) QA Leader
19 69 (2.34%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 316 (10.72%) .NET
2 276 (9.36%) Web Services
3 269 (9.12%) HTML
4 230 (7.80%) REST
5 226 (7.66%) CSS
6 148 (5.02%) Spring
7 144 (4.88%) Node.js
8 139 (4.71%) RESTful
9 131 (4.44%) AngularJS
10 127 (4.31%) XML
11 117 (3.97%) HTML5
12 116 (3.93%) SOAP
13 107 (3.63%) Gherkin
14 93 (3.15%) JSON
15 87 (2.95%) CSS3
16 85 (2.88%) jQuery
17 83 (2.81%) ASP.NET
18 82 (2.78%) React
19 63 (2.14%) Spring Boot
20 62 (2.10%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 272 (9.22%) Analytical Skills
2 190 (6.44%) User Experience
3 151 (5.12%) Mobile App
4 106 (3.59%) Management Information System
5 102 (3.46%) Self-Motivation
6 89 (3.02%) Greenfield Project
7 81 (2.75%) Computer Science
8 78 (2.64%) Enterprise Software
9 64 (2.17%) Data Centre
10 52 (1.76%) Virtual Team
11 48 (1.63%) Linux Command Line
12 36 (1.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 29 (0.98%) Fintech
14 25 (0.85%) Equities
15 24 (0.81%) Data Structures
15 24 (0.81%) Hedge funds
16 23 (0.78%) Derivative
16 23 (0.78%) iPad
16 23 (0.78%) Video on Demand
17 22 (0.75%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 219 (7.43%) Linux
2 177 (6.00%) Windows
3 147 (4.98%) Unix
4 133 (4.51%) Android
5 111 (3.76%) Apple iOS
6 30 (1.02%) Windows Server
7 28 (0.95%) Windows 10
8 26 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 23 (0.78%) CentOS
10 18 (0.61%) Windows 7
11 16 (0.54%) Ubuntu
12 13 (0.44%) Windows Server 2008
13 12 (0.41%) Mac OS X
14 11 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
15 7 (0.24%) AIX
15 7 (0.24%) Debian
16 5 (0.17%) Windows Vista
17 4 (0.14%) Solaris
17 4 (0.14%) Windows XP
18 3 (0.10%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,473 (49.95%) Agile Software Development
2 958 (32.49%) Test Automation
3 573 (19.43%) Scrum
4 484 (16.41%) TDD
5 462 (15.67%) BDD
6 413 (14.00%) DevOps
7 357 (12.11%) Continuous Integration
8 299 (10.14%) Problem-Solving
9 298 (10.11%) Project Management
10 267 (9.05%) SDLC
11 238 (8.07%) Software Engineering
12 229 (7.77%) User Acceptance Testing
13 227 (7.70%) Stakeholder Management
14 223 (7.56%) E-Commerce
15 215 (7.29%) Microservices
16 208 (7.05%) Continuous Delivery
16 208 (7.05%) Test Scripting
17 207 (7.02%) Kanban
18 194 (6.58%) Test Strategy
19 192 (6.51%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 739 (25.06%) Java
2 561 (19.02%) SQL
3 408 (13.84%) JavaScript
4 380 (12.89%) C#
5 227 (7.70%) Python
6 116 (3.93%) Ruby
7 77 (2.61%) Scala
8 60 (2.03%) Groovy
9 58 (1.97%) Shell Script
10 54 (1.83%) PHP
11 53 (1.80%) Java 8
12 52 (1.76%) PowerShell
12 52 (1.76%) T-SQL
13 46 (1.56%) C++
13 46 (1.56%) TypeScript
14 44 (1.49%) ES6
15 41 (1.39%) Bash Shell
16 38 (1.29%) PL/SQL
17 37 (1.25%) Perl
18 35 (1.19%) C
Qualifications
1 203 (6.88%) Degree
2 133 (4.51%) Security Cleared
3 103 (3.49%) ISTQB
4 95 (3.22%) SC Cleared
5 81 (2.75%) ISEB
6 52 (1.76%) Computer Science Degree
7 49 (1.66%) PMP
8 46 (1.56%) PMI Certification
9 33 (1.12%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 31 (1.05%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 30 (1.02%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 26 (0.88%) BPSS Clearance
13 16 (0.54%) DV Cleared
13 16 (0.54%) Master's Degree
14 14 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
15 13 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
16 12 (0.41%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 12 (0.41%) Siebel Certification
17 7 (0.24%) CCNP
17 7 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 88 (2.98%) PMO
2 49 (1.66%) GDPR
3 38 (1.29%) Data Quality
4 24 (0.81%) WCAG
5 21 (0.71%) MiFID
5 21 (0.71%) PCI DSS
6 19 (0.64%) SLA
7 16 (0.54%) COBIT
8 12 (0.41%) COSO
8 12 (0.41%) EMIR
9 8 (0.27%) ISO 9001
9 8 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 7 (0.24%) 21 CFR Part 11
10 7 (0.24%) Dodd-Frank
10 7 (0.24%) IFRS
11 6 (0.20%) GMP
11 6 (0.20%) IEC 62304
11 6 (0.20%) SEPA
12 5 (0.17%) ISO 13485
13 4 (0.14%) ISO 14001
System Software
1 148 (5.02%) Docker
2 40 (1.36%) Active Directory
3 19 (0.64%) HDFS
4 17 (0.58%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 10 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
7 8 (0.27%) Microsoft App-V
8 6 (0.20%) Hyper-V
9 4 (0.14%) vCloud
10 3 (0.10%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.10%) NFS
10 3 (0.10%) OpenDJ
10 3 (0.10%) OpenIDM
10 3 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
10 3 (0.10%) XenApp
10 3 (0.10%) XenServer
11 2 (0.068%) VMware Workstation
11 2 (0.068%) vSphere
12 1 (0.034%) RHEV
12 1 (0.034%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 99 (3.36%) Ansible
2 75 (2.54%) Puppet
3 67 (2.27%) Kubernetes
4 58 (1.97%) Opscode Chef
5 45 (1.53%) Terraform
6 43 (1.46%) HP Quality Center
7 40 (1.36%) HP ALM
8 21 (0.71%) Grafana
9 20 (0.68%) Kibana
10 19 (0.64%) Single Sign-On
11 18 (0.61%) logstash
11 18 (0.61%) SCCM
12 12 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
12 12 (0.41%) Hadoop YARN
13 10 (0.34%) Nagios
14 9 (0.31%) ITRS Geneos
15 8 (0.27%) ZABBIX
16 7 (0.24%) Icinga
17 6 (0.20%) Failover Clustering
17 6 (0.20%) OpenView Configuration Management
Vendors
1 261 (8.85%) Microsoft
2 181 (6.14%) Oracle
3 112 (3.80%) SAP
4 97 (3.29%) Adobe
5 87 (2.95%) Atlassian
6 67 (2.27%) HP
7 62 (2.10%) Salesforce.com
8 57 (1.93%) Google
9 51 (1.73%) Splunk
10 40 (1.36%) AppDynamics
11 35 (1.19%) Cisco
12 32 (1.09%) MuleSoft
13 31 (1.05%) VMware
14 30 (1.02%) Sitecore
15 29 (0.98%) Red Hat
16 28 (0.95%) Citrix
16 28 (0.95%) hybris
17 26 (0.88%) Siebel
18 22 (0.75%) Cloudera
19 21 (0.71%) IBM