Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 75 69 79
Rank change year-on-year -6 +10 -19
Contract jobs citing QA 3,000 2,928 2,849
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.22% 3.31% 2.84%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 27.66% 27.95% 25.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,021 1,971 1,935
England median daily rate £450 £438 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +6.71% +2.50%
10th Percentile £300 £283 £263
90th Percentile £606 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £401
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.12% +0.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 50 49
England median hourly rate £30.00 £18.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% -20.00% -1.10%
10th Percentile £10.75 £10.27 £7.88
90th Percentile £53.38 £40.75 £43.75
UK median hourly rate £30.00 £19.25 £22.00
% change year-on-year +55.84% -12.50% -10.20%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 10,845 10,477 11,126
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.63% 11.86% 11.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,937 6,840 7,279
England median daily rate £450 £450 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.14% +5.00%
10th Percentile £263 £262 £230
90th Percentile £644 £638 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £445 £413
% change year-on-year +1.12% +7.88% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 348 323 394
England median hourly rate £23.25 £21.17 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.83% -5.91% +4.65%
10th Percentile £11.21 £10.75 £11.03
90th Percentile £51.45 £48.50 £47.43
UK median hourly rate £22.30 £22.50 £22.50
% change year-on-year -0.89% - +4.47%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -8 1,613 £475 - 495
South East -12 544 £406 +4.84% 205
North of England -11 325 £425 +6.25% 201
Midlands -15 197 £400 +6.67% 135
East of England +30 171 £400 +8.11% 100
North West -7 170 £425 +7.94% 105
South West -29 142 £369 -1.67% 102
West Midlands -1 130 £390 +20.00% 88
Yorkshire -6 121 £428 +0.59% 83
East Midlands -27 65 £413 +3.13% 47
North East -18 36 £425 - 13
South Coast - 3 £425 -
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 1,565 (52.17%) Agile Software Development
2 1,073 (35.77%) Test Automation
3 692 (23.07%) Java
4 639 (21.30%) Finance
5 627 (20.90%) Selenium
6 575 (19.17%) Scrum
7 554 (18.47%) SQL
8 493 (16.43%) BDD
9 485 (16.17%) TDD
10 482 (16.07%) JIRA
11 443 (14.77%) JavaScript
12 420 (14.00%) C#
13 402 (13.40%) DevOps
14 343 (11.43%) .NET
15 329 (10.97%) Jenkins
16 327 (10.90%) Cucumber
17 313 (10.43%) Web Services
18 308 (10.27%) SDLC
19 305 (10.17%) Problem-Solving
20 304 (10.13%) Continuous Integration
21 296 (9.87%) Microsoft
22 287 (9.57%) Analytical Skills
23 282 (9.40%) HTML
24 276 (9.20%) Git (software)
25 262 (8.73%) Project Management
26 247 (8.23%) Oracle
27 246 (8.20%) Test Scripting
28 245 (8.17%) Amazon AWS
29 240 (8.00%) User Experience
30 238 (7.93%) User Acceptance Testing

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 197 (6.57%) Confluence
2 92 (3.07%) CMS
3 59 (1.97%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 57 (1.90%) SharePoint
5 48 (1.60%) Elasticsearch
6 40 (1.33%) Apache
7 36 (1.20%) Apache Spark
8 22 (0.73%) IIS
9 21 (0.70%) Drupal
10 20 (0.67%) WordPress
11 18 (0.60%) NServiceBus
12 17 (0.57%) Tomcat
13 16 (0.53%) JBoss
13 16 (0.53%) OpenStack
13 16 (0.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 15 (0.50%) Skype for Business
15 14 (0.47%) Sitecore CMS
16 13 (0.43%) SAS
16 13 (0.43%) Umbraco
17 11 (0.37%) WebLogic
Applications
1 106 (3.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 79 (2.63%) Microsoft Office
3 45 (1.50%) Microsoft Project
4 37 (1.23%) MS Visio
5 34 (1.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 10 (0.33%) Chatbot
6 10 (0.33%) Photoshop
7 8 (0.27%) InfoPath
7 8 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.10%) InVision
8 3 (0.10%) OrCAD
9 2 (0.067%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.033%) Adobe After Effects
10 1 (0.033%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.033%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.033%) InDesign
10 1 (0.033%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 31 (1.03%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.37%) Oracle Payables
3 9 (0.30%) Oracle ERP
4 8 (0.27%) Eloqua
4 8 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
4 8 (0.27%) Oracle Retail
5 7 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
5 7 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
6 6 (0.20%) SAP FI
7 5 (0.17%) Cognos TM1
7 5 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
7 5 (0.17%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 4 (0.13%) NetSuite
8 4 (0.13%) SAP BPC
8 4 (0.13%) SAP GRC
8 4 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
9 3 (0.10%) Actimize
9 3 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
9 3 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 3 (0.10%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 245 (8.17%) Amazon AWS
2 160 (5.33%) Microsoft Azure
3 78 (2.60%) GitHub
4 55 (1.83%) Office 365
5 50 (1.67%) Amazon EC2
6 36 (1.20%) BrowserStack
7 34 (1.13%) Google Cloud Platform
7 34 (1.13%) SaaS
8 29 (0.97%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 27 (0.90%) Sauce Labs
10 26 (0.87%) Google Analytics
11 24 (0.80%) Dynamics 365
11 24 (0.80%) PaaS
12 20 (0.67%) Amazon S3
12 20 (0.67%) Serverless
13 19 (0.63%) AWS CloudFormation
13 19 (0.63%) Cloud Computing
14 17 (0.57%) IaaS
15 15 (0.50%) AWS Lambda
16 14 (0.47%) Adobe Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 62 (2.07%) Internet
2 49 (1.63%) Firewall
3 39 (1.30%) HTTP
4 30 (1.00%) SMS
5 28 (0.93%) LAN
5 28 (0.93%) WAN
6 25 (0.83%) DNS
7 22 (0.73%) TCP/IP
8 20 (0.67%) BGP
8 20 (0.67%) OSPF
9 19 (0.63%) Skype
10 18 (0.60%) FTP
10 18 (0.60%) SSL
10 18 (0.60%) VPN
11 16 (0.53%) Network Security
12 15 (0.50%) MPLS
12 15 (0.50%) Wi-Fi
13 11 (0.37%) Wireless
14 10 (0.33%) HTTPS
15 9 (0.30%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 199 (6.63%) SQL Server
2 115 (3.83%) MySQL
3 105 (3.50%) PostgreSQL
3 105 (3.50%) Relational Database
4 103 (3.43%) Big Data
5 92 (3.07%) Data Warehouse
6 77 (2.57%) MongoDB
7 71 (2.37%) Hadoop
8 54 (1.80%) NoSQL
9 45 (1.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 38 (1.27%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 34 (1.13%) Apache Cassandra
11 34 (1.13%) HBase
12 33 (1.10%) Oracle Database
13 31 (1.03%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 25 (0.83%) Apache Hive
15 23 (0.77%) Redis
16 21 (0.70%) Data Lake
17 20 (0.67%) Power BI
18 19 (0.63%) Siebel EIM
Development Applications
1 627 (20.90%) Selenium
2 482 (16.07%) JIRA
3 329 (10.97%) Jenkins
4 327 (10.90%) Cucumber
5 276 (9.20%) Git (software)
6 191 (6.37%) WebDriver
7 166 (5.53%) SoapUI
8 156 (5.20%) SpecFlow
9 104 (3.47%) JMeter
10 97 (3.23%) Team Foundation Server
11 88 (2.93%) TeamCity
12 84 (2.80%) Maven
13 82 (2.73%) Visual Studio
14 64 (2.13%) JUnit
15 60 (2.00%) Appium
16 56 (1.87%) Protractor
17 54 (1.80%) Subversion
18 53 (1.77%) Visual Studio Team System
19 49 (1.63%) Zephyr
20 48 (1.60%) LoadRunner
General
1 639 (21.30%) Finance
2 228 (7.60%) Banking
3 184 (6.13%) Retail
4 111 (3.70%) Marketing
5 67 (2.23%) Investment Banking
6 52 (1.73%) Telecoms
7 48 (1.60%) Legal
8 47 (1.57%) Law
9 43 (1.43%) Financial Institution
10 37 (1.23%) Games
11 36 (1.20%) Manufacturing
12 31 (1.03%) Publishing
13 24 (0.80%) Retail Banking
14 23 (0.77%) Front Office
14 23 (0.77%) Pharmaceutical
15 21 (0.70%) Back Office
16 18 (0.60%) Billing
17 17 (0.57%) Advertising
18 14 (0.47%) Electronics
19 9 (0.30%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 608 (20.27%) Developer
2 522 (17.40%) Analyst
3 326 (10.87%) Tester
4 222 (7.40%) Test Analyst
5 197 (6.57%) QA Engineer
6 190 (6.33%) QA Tester
7 159 (5.30%) Project Manager
8 155 (5.17%) QA Analyst
9 151 (5.03%) Automation Tester
10 129 (4.30%) Business Analyst
11 127 (4.23%) Architect
12 110 (3.67%) Java Developer
13 109 (3.63%) Test Engineer
14 102 (3.40%) .NET Developer
15 97 (3.23%) Test Manager
16 95 (3.17%) Consultant
17 84 (2.80%) QA Automation Engineer
17 84 (2.80%) QA Automation Tester
18 82 (2.73%) QA Test Analyst
19 77 (2.57%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 343 (11.43%) .NET
2 313 (10.43%) Web Services
3 282 (9.40%) HTML
4 227 (7.57%) CSS
5 180 (6.00%) REST
6 155 (5.17%) RESTful
7 143 (4.77%) Node.js
8 140 (4.67%) AngularJS
9 131 (4.37%) XML
10 121 (4.03%) SOAP
11 111 (3.70%) Gherkin
12 109 (3.63%) HTML5
13 101 (3.37%) Spring
14 96 (3.20%) jQuery
15 82 (2.73%) JSON
16 81 (2.70%) React
17 73 (2.43%) CSS3
18 71 (2.37%) ASP.NET
19 69 (2.30%) Spring Boot
20 60 (2.00%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 287 (9.57%) Analytical Skills
2 240 (8.00%) User Experience
3 169 (5.63%) Mobile App
4 119 (3.97%) Management Information System
5 95 (3.17%) Self-Motivation
6 92 (3.07%) Computer Science
7 88 (2.93%) Greenfield Project
8 66 (2.20%) Enterprise Software
9 61 (2.03%) Data Centre
10 57 (1.90%) Virtual Team
11 47 (1.57%) Fintech
12 41 (1.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 40 (1.33%) Algorithms
14 32 (1.07%) Data Structures
15 31 (1.03%) Equities
16 28 (0.93%) Replication
17 27 (0.90%) Hedge funds
18 26 (0.87%) Linux Command Line
19 24 (0.80%) Client/Server
20 23 (0.77%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 232 (7.73%) Linux
2 200 (6.67%) Windows
3 136 (4.53%) Unix
4 108 (3.60%) Apple iOS
5 107 (3.57%) Android
6 38 (1.27%) CentOS
7 35 (1.17%) Windows Server
8 30 (1.00%) Windows 10
9 29 (0.97%) Windows 7
10 26 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 23 (0.77%) Ubuntu
12 15 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
13 14 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
14 8 (0.27%) Mac OS X
15 7 (0.23%) Windows XP
16 6 (0.20%) Solaris
17 5 (0.17%) Mac OS
17 5 (0.17%) Mesosphere
18 4 (0.13%) Debian
19 3 (0.10%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,565 (52.17%) Agile Software Development
2 1,073 (35.77%) Test Automation
3 575 (19.17%) Scrum
4 493 (16.43%) BDD
5 485 (16.17%) TDD
6 402 (13.40%) DevOps
7 308 (10.27%) SDLC
8 305 (10.17%) Problem-Solving
9 304 (10.13%) Continuous Integration
10 262 (8.73%) Project Management
11 246 (8.20%) Test Scripting
12 238 (7.93%) Test Strategy
12 238 (7.93%) User Acceptance Testing
13 221 (7.37%) Software Engineering
14 213 (7.10%) Kanban
15 205 (6.83%) User Stories
16 202 (6.73%) Continuous Improvement
17 196 (6.53%) Stakeholder Management
18 189 (6.30%) Microservices
19 186 (6.20%) API Testing
Programming Languages
1 692 (23.07%) Java
2 554 (18.47%) SQL
3 443 (14.77%) JavaScript
4 420 (14.00%) C#
5 199 (6.63%) Python
6 68 (2.27%) Ruby
7 67 (2.23%) Scala
8 65 (2.17%) Groovy
9 63 (2.10%) T-SQL
10 62 (2.07%) PHP
11 61 (2.03%) Java 8
12 60 (2.00%) PowerShell
13 50 (1.67%) PL/SQL
14 43 (1.43%) Shell Script
15 42 (1.40%) Bash Shell
16 41 (1.37%) C
17 39 (1.30%) TypeScript
18 32 (1.07%) C++
19 30 (1.00%) ES6
20 29 (0.97%) Perl
Qualifications
1 205 (6.83%) Degree
2 149 (4.97%) Security Cleared
3 134 (4.47%) ISTQB
4 133 (4.43%) ISEB
5 114 (3.80%) SC Cleared
6 55 (1.83%) Computer Science Degree
7 47 (1.57%) PMP
8 41 (1.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 39 (1.30%) PMI Certification
10 29 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
10 29 (0.97%) Microsoft Certification
11 28 (0.93%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 26 (0.87%) DV Cleared
13 18 (0.60%) PhD
13 18 (0.60%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
14 17 (0.57%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 16 (0.53%) Master's Degree
15 16 (0.53%) MCSA
16 11 (0.37%) Siebel Certification
17 9 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 94 (3.13%) PMO
2 63 (2.10%) Data Quality
3 44 (1.47%) GDPR
4 24 (0.80%) WCAG
5 23 (0.77%) SLA
6 22 (0.73%) MiFID
7 12 (0.40%) COBIT
7 12 (0.40%) ISO 9001
7 12 (0.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 9 (0.30%) PCI DSS
9 8 (0.27%) GCP
10 7 (0.23%) COSO
10 7 (0.23%) EMIR
10 7 (0.23%) SEPA
11 6 (0.20%) Dodd-Frank
12 5 (0.17%) ISO 14001
12 5 (0.17%) JSP 440
13 4 (0.13%) GxP
14 2 (0.067%) GAMP
14 2 (0.067%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 151 (5.03%) Docker
2 50 (1.67%) Active Directory
3 18 (0.60%) Apache Flume
3 18 (0.60%) Microsoft App-V
4 15 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
5 14 (0.47%) HDFS
5 14 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 9 (0.30%) XenDesktop
7 7 (0.23%) XenApp
8 5 (0.17%) vSphere
9 3 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
9 3 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.067%) KVM
10 2 (0.067%) NFS
10 2 (0.067%) Snort
10 2 (0.067%) Squid
10 2 (0.067%) vCloud
10 2 (0.067%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.067%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 108 (3.60%) Ansible
2 82 (2.73%) Puppet
3 62 (2.07%) Kubernetes
4 60 (2.00%) Terraform
5 44 (1.47%) Opscode Chef
6 37 (1.23%) HP Quality Center
7 32 (1.07%) SCCM
8 25 (0.83%) Grafana
8 25 (0.83%) HP ALM
9 20 (0.67%) Nagios
10 16 (0.53%) Kibana
11 14 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
12 12 (0.40%) Icinga
13 11 (0.37%) logstash
13 11 (0.37%) Prometheus
14 10 (0.33%) Failover Clustering
14 10 (0.33%) WSUS
15 9 (0.30%) Consul
15 9 (0.30%) WMI
15 9 (0.30%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 296 (9.87%) Microsoft
2 247 (8.23%) Oracle
3 103 (3.43%) SAP
4 83 (2.77%) Adobe
5 73 (2.43%) Atlassian
6 72 (2.40%) Google
7 57 (1.90%) HP
8 55 (1.83%) Cisco
9 51 (1.70%) Salesforce.com
10 48 (1.60%) Sitecore
11 36 (1.20%) Citrix
11 36 (1.20%) VMware
12 33 (1.10%) Red Hat
13 30 (1.00%) Splunk
14 27 (0.90%) IBM
15 25 (0.83%) McAfee
15 25 (0.83%) Siebel
15 25 (0.83%) Tableau
16 23 (0.77%) MuleSoft
16 23 (0.77%) New Relic