Period
to 19 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 19 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 68 67 76
Rank change year-on-year -1 +9 -13
Contract jobs citing QA 3,279 3,078 2,993
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.48% 3.37% 3.04%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 32.35% 27.41% 26.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,257 2,173 2,030
England median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £263
90th Percentile £600 £613 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £426 £414
% change year-on-year +5.54% +2.99% +3.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 41 41 51
England median hourly rate £36.50 £21.90 £19.23
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% +13.88% -3.85%
10th Percentile £10.50 £10.00 £7.75
90th Percentile £48.00 £40.75 £40.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £21.90 £18.00
% change year-on-year +59.82% +21.67% -16.28%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 10,135 11,229 11,163
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 10.76% 12.28% 11.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,491 7,446 7,290
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £250 £263 £225
90th Percentile £625 £638 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £413
% change year-on-year +2.86% +6.06% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 356 315 409
England median hourly rate £22.10 £20.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.49% -11.11% +4.41%
10th Percentile £11.25 £10.54 £10.58
90th Percentile £50.05 £47.85 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £21.76 £20.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year +8.80% -11.11% +4.41%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 19 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -7 1,819 £475 - 495
South East -2 592 £445 +14.84% 218
North of England +17 341 £438 +2.94% 236
Midlands -4 190 £400 +6.67% 141
North West +28 182 £450 +0.84% 132
East of England +5 166 £411 +2.81% 102
South West -27 159 £391 +4.33% 91
West Midlands +1 133 £395 +12.86% 81
Yorkshire -12 112 £425 - 72
East Midlands -12 54 £413 +3.13% 60
North East +4 50 £444 +4.41% 32
South Coast - 3 £425 -
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 19 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 1,711 (52.18%) Agile Software Development
2 1,193 (36.38%) Test Automation
3 749 (22.84%) Java
4 710 (21.65%) Selenium
5 678 (20.68%) Finance
6 596 (18.18%) Scrum
7 563 (17.17%) SQL
8 552 (16.83%) BDD
9 537 (16.38%) JIRA
10 515 (15.71%) JavaScript
11 489 (14.91%) TDD
12 437 (13.33%) C#
13 429 (13.08%) DevOps
14 404 (12.32%) Cucumber
15 392 (11.95%) Continuous Integration
16 389 (11.86%) Jenkins
17 356 (10.86%) .NET
18 352 (10.73%) Analytical Skills
19 328 (10.00%) Problem-Solving
20 322 (9.82%) Microsoft
21 319 (9.73%) Git (software)
22 316 (9.64%) HTML
23 309 (9.42%) Test Strategy
24 303 (9.24%) SDLC
25 289 (8.81%) Web Services
26 286 (8.72%) Project Management
27 284 (8.66%) CSS
28 282 (8.60%) User Acceptance Testing
29 277 (8.45%) Test Scripting
30 272 (8.30%) Amazon AWS

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 256 (7.81%) Confluence
2 91 (2.78%) CMS
3 65 (1.98%) SharePoint
4 51 (1.56%) Elasticsearch
5 40 (1.22%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 37 (1.13%) IIS
7 31 (0.95%) Apache Spark
8 29 (0.88%) Apache
9 22 (0.67%) Drupal
9 22 (0.67%) NServiceBus
10 20 (0.61%) WebSphere
11 19 (0.58%) WordPress
12 16 (0.49%) SAS
13 15 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 15 (0.46%) SharePoint 2013
14 11 (0.34%) BizTalk Server
14 11 (0.34%) Mule
14 11 (0.34%) Tomcat
14 11 (0.34%) WebLogic
15 10 (0.30%) JBoss
Applications
1 142 (4.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 91 (2.78%) Microsoft Office
3 58 (1.77%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 47 (1.43%) Microsoft Project
5 42 (1.28%) MS Visio
6 13 (0.40%) Chatbot
7 12 (0.37%) Photoshop
8 11 (0.34%) Spreadsheet
9 5 (0.15%) InfoPath
10 4 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 4 (0.12%) InVision
11 3 (0.091%) Adobe Illustrator
12 2 (0.061%) Open Workbench
13 1 (0.030%) Adobe After Effects
13 1 (0.030%) Adobe Captivate
13 1 (0.030%) AutoCAD
13 1 (0.030%) HipChat
13 1 (0.030%) Maya
13 1 (0.030%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 45 (1.37%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.52%) Dynamics AX
3 16 (0.49%) SAP S/4HANA
4 13 (0.40%) SAP HR
5 12 (0.37%) Oracle Retail
6 9 (0.27%) Oracle EBS R12
6 9 (0.27%) Oracle ERP
6 9 (0.27%) Oracle Payables
7 8 (0.24%) PeopleSoft HCM
7 8 (0.24%) PeopleSoft HRMS
7 8 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
8 6 (0.18%) Eloqua
8 6 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
8 6 (0.18%) SAP ERP
8 6 (0.18%) SAP GRC
9 5 (0.15%) Cognos TM1
9 5 (0.15%) NetSuite
9 5 (0.15%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 5 (0.15%) Primavera
9 5 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 272 (8.30%) Amazon AWS
2 203 (6.19%) Microsoft Azure
3 96 (2.93%) GitHub
4 61 (1.86%) Amazon EC2
5 54 (1.65%) BrowserStack
5 54 (1.65%) Office 365
6 44 (1.34%) Dynamics 365
7 42 (1.28%) SaaS
8 37 (1.13%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 34 (1.04%) AWS CloudFormation
10 33 (1.01%) Amazon S3
11 32 (0.98%) Google Analytics
11 32 (0.98%) PaaS
12 30 (0.91%) Sauce Labs
13 29 (0.88%) Slack
14 27 (0.82%) Serverless
15 26 (0.79%) IaaS
16 25 (0.76%) Google Cloud Platform
17 22 (0.67%) AWS Lambda
18 18 (0.55%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 60 (1.83%) Internet
2 46 (1.40%) Firewall
3 42 (1.28%) HTTP
4 30 (0.91%) DNS
4 30 (0.91%) LAN
5 28 (0.85%) WAN
6 24 (0.73%) Skype
7 20 (0.61%) BGP
7 20 (0.61%) OSPF
8 17 (0.52%) SMS
9 16 (0.49%) VLAN
9 16 (0.49%) VPN
10 15 (0.46%) MPLS
10 15 (0.46%) SSL
11 14 (0.43%) Network Security
12 13 (0.40%) FTP
12 13 (0.40%) TCP/IP
12 13 (0.40%) Wi-Fi
13 12 (0.37%) HTTPS
14 11 (0.34%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 219 (6.68%) SQL Server
2 111 (3.39%) PostgreSQL
3 104 (3.17%) Data Warehouse
4 94 (2.87%) MySQL
5 87 (2.65%) MongoDB
6 81 (2.47%) Big Data
7 74 (2.26%) Relational Database
8 62 (1.89%) Hadoop
9 57 (1.74%) NoSQL
10 55 (1.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 45 (1.37%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 41 (1.25%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 37 (1.13%) Oracle Database
14 30 (0.91%) Data Lake
14 30 (0.91%) Power BI
15 26 (0.79%) Apache Cassandra
15 26 (0.79%) Apache Hive
16 22 (0.67%) HBase
17 21 (0.64%) Redis
18 19 (0.58%) Microsoft Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 710 (21.65%) Selenium
2 537 (16.38%) JIRA
3 404 (12.32%) Cucumber
4 389 (11.86%) Jenkins
5 319 (9.73%) Git (software)
6 235 (7.17%) WebDriver
7 174 (5.31%) SoapUI
8 149 (4.54%) JMeter
9 146 (4.45%) SpecFlow
10 103 (3.14%) Maven
11 95 (2.90%) Team Foundation Server
12 93 (2.84%) JUnit
13 92 (2.81%) TeamCity
14 86 (2.62%) Visual Studio
15 78 (2.38%) Appium
16 75 (2.29%) Protractor
17 64 (1.95%) Subversion
18 54 (1.65%) LoadRunner
19 51 (1.56%) Gatling
20 50 (1.52%) IntelliJ
General
1 678 (20.68%) Finance
2 270 (8.23%) Banking
3 176 (5.37%) Retail
4 108 (3.29%) Marketing
5 59 (1.80%) Investment Banking
6 53 (1.62%) Law
7 51 (1.56%) Legal
8 44 (1.34%) Publishing
9 41 (1.25%) Telecoms
10 40 (1.22%) Front Office
11 33 (1.01%) Financial Institution
11 33 (1.01%) Retail Banking
12 32 (0.98%) Manufacturing
13 27 (0.82%) Games
14 24 (0.73%) Back Office
15 22 (0.67%) Pharmaceutical
16 18 (0.55%) Billing
17 17 (0.52%) Advertising
18 11 (0.34%) Electronics
18 11 (0.34%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 676 (20.62%) Developer
2 551 (16.80%) Analyst
3 349 (10.64%) Tester
4 226 (6.89%) Test Analyst
5 215 (6.56%) QA Engineer
6 196 (5.98%) QA Tester
7 168 (5.12%) QA Analyst
8 152 (4.64%) Automation Tester
9 130 (3.96%) Test Engineer
10 129 (3.93%) Project Manager
11 127 (3.87%) Architect
11 127 (3.87%) Consultant
12 126 (3.84%) Business Analyst
13 123 (3.75%) Java Developer
14 116 (3.54%) .NET Developer
15 114 (3.48%) Test Manager
16 101 (3.08%) Test Leader
17 89 (2.71%) QA Leader
18 87 (2.65%) QA Test Analyst
19 86 (2.62%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 356 (10.86%) .NET
2 316 (9.64%) HTML
3 289 (8.81%) Web Services
4 284 (8.66%) CSS
5 205 (6.25%) REST
6 199 (6.07%) Node.js
7 176 (5.37%) AngularJS
8 164 (5.00%) RESTful
9 133 (4.06%) XML
10 131 (4.00%) Gherkin
11 130 (3.96%) HTML5
11 130 (3.96%) SOAP
12 105 (3.20%) jQuery
13 103 (3.14%) Spring
14 100 (3.05%) JSON
15 97 (2.96%) React
16 89 (2.71%) Sass
17 73 (2.23%) .NET Framework
18 71 (2.17%) Spring Boot
19 70 (2.13%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 352 (10.73%) Analytical Skills
2 267 (8.14%) User Experience
3 164 (5.00%) Mobile App
4 113 (3.45%) Management Information System
5 91 (2.78%) Computer Science
6 77 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
7 73 (2.23%) Greenfield Project
8 70 (2.13%) Enterprise Software
9 67 (2.04%) Data Centre
10 55 (1.68%) Fintech
11 51 (1.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 45 (1.37%) Algorithms
13 43 (1.31%) Virtual Team
14 40 (1.22%) Data Structures
15 33 (1.01%) Equities
16 30 (0.91%) Video on Demand
17 26 (0.79%) Client/Server
18 24 (0.73%) Linux Command Line
19 22 (0.67%) Derivative
19 22 (0.67%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 224 (6.83%) Linux
2 189 (5.76%) Windows
3 134 (4.09%) Unix
4 100 (3.05%) Android
4 100 (3.05%) Apple iOS
5 36 (1.10%) CentOS
5 36 (1.10%) Windows Server
6 29 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 29 (0.88%) Windows 10
7 23 (0.70%) Windows 7
8 20 (0.61%) Ubuntu
9 13 (0.40%) Mac OS
10 12 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
10 12 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
11 9 (0.27%) Mac OS X
12 7 (0.21%) Solaris
13 5 (0.15%) Mesosphere
13 5 (0.15%) Windows XP
14 3 (0.091%) DC/OS
14 3 (0.091%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,711 (52.18%) Agile Software Development
2 1,193 (36.38%) Test Automation
3 596 (18.18%) Scrum
4 552 (16.83%) BDD
5 489 (14.91%) TDD
6 429 (13.08%) DevOps
7 392 (11.95%) Continuous Integration
8 328 (10.00%) Problem-Solving
9 309 (9.42%) Test Strategy
10 303 (9.24%) SDLC
11 286 (8.72%) Project Management
12 282 (8.60%) User Acceptance Testing
13 277 (8.45%) Test Scripting
14 237 (7.23%) User Stories
15 226 (6.89%) Software Engineering
16 224 (6.83%) Microservices
17 222 (6.77%) Kanban
18 221 (6.74%) API Testing
19 213 (6.50%) Stakeholder Management
20 210 (6.40%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 749 (22.84%) Java
2 563 (17.17%) SQL
3 515 (15.71%) JavaScript
4 437 (13.33%) C#
5 222 (6.77%) Python
6 82 (2.50%) T-SQL
7 81 (2.47%) Ruby
8 79 (2.41%) Groovy
8 79 (2.41%) Scala
9 76 (2.32%) PowerShell
10 67 (2.04%) Bash Shell
11 66 (2.01%) PHP
12 59 (1.80%) Java 8
13 57 (1.74%) PL/SQL
14 48 (1.46%) C
15 40 (1.22%) TypeScript
16 38 (1.16%) Shell Script
17 34 (1.04%) ES6
18 33 (1.01%) Perl
19 29 (0.88%) VB
Qualifications
1 208 (6.34%) Degree
2 170 (5.18%) Security Cleared
3 141 (4.30%) ISTQB
4 139 (4.24%) ISEB
5 130 (3.96%) SC Cleared
6 47 (1.43%) Computer Science Degree
7 40 (1.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 39 (1.19%) PMP
9 36 (1.10%) BPSS Clearance
10 34 (1.04%) PMI Certification
11 29 (0.88%) Microsoft Certification
12 25 (0.76%) DV Cleared
13 24 (0.73%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 20 (0.61%) PhD
15 16 (0.49%) DBS Check
15 16 (0.49%) Master's Degree
15 16 (0.49%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
16 13 (0.40%) MCSA
16 13 (0.40%) PRINCE2 Certification
17 12 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 94 (2.87%) PMO
2 87 (2.65%) Data Quality
3 45 (1.37%) GDPR
4 28 (0.85%) WCAG
5 20 (0.61%) SLA
6 18 (0.55%) MiFID
7 15 (0.46%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 13 (0.40%) ISO 9001
9 12 (0.37%) COBIT
10 9 (0.27%) PCI DSS
11 6 (0.18%) EMIR
11 6 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 5 (0.15%) Actionable Recommendations
12 5 (0.15%) COSO
12 5 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
12 5 (0.15%) GxP
12 5 (0.15%) JSP 440
12 5 (0.15%) SEPA
13 4 (0.12%) ISO 14001
14 3 (0.091%) GMP
System Software
1 196 (5.98%) Docker
2 47 (1.43%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.64%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (0.61%) Microsoft App-V
5 19 (0.58%) Apache Flume
6 18 (0.55%) XenDesktop
7 17 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
8 14 (0.43%) vSphere
9 10 (0.30%) XenApp
10 8 (0.24%) HDFS
11 5 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 5 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
11 5 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
12 4 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
12 4 (0.12%) vCloud
13 3 (0.091%) KVM
14 2 (0.061%) NFS
14 2 (0.061%) Snort
14 2 (0.061%) Squid
15 1 (0.030%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 115 (3.51%) Ansible
2 87 (2.65%) Puppet
3 71 (2.17%) Kubernetes
3 71 (2.17%) Terraform
4 51 (1.56%) Opscode Chef
5 45 (1.37%) HP Quality Center
6 40 (1.22%) Grafana
7 31 (0.95%) SCCM
8 28 (0.85%) Kibana
9 26 (0.79%) Nagios
10 24 (0.73%) HP ALM
11 19 (0.58%) Graphite
12 14 (0.43%) logstash
12 14 (0.43%) Salt
13 13 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
14 12 (0.37%) Consul
14 12 (0.37%) Icinga
15 11 (0.34%) Prometheus
15 11 (0.34%) WSUS
15 11 (0.34%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 322 (9.82%) Microsoft
2 248 (7.56%) Oracle
3 121 (3.69%) SAP
4 72 (2.20%) Atlassian
4 72 (2.20%) Google
5 69 (2.10%) Adobe
6 65 (1.98%) HP
7 57 (1.74%) Salesforce.com
8 50 (1.52%) Citrix
9 48 (1.46%) Cisco
10 45 (1.37%) VMware
11 38 (1.16%) Sitecore
12 36 (1.10%) Splunk
13 35 (1.07%) IBM
14 29 (0.88%) Red Hat
15 28 (0.85%) Tableau
16 27 (0.82%) New Relic
17 23 (0.70%) Dynatrace
18 21 (0.64%) MuleSoft
19 20 (0.61%) Hortonworks