Period
to 26 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 26 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 79 74 73
Rank change year-on-year -5 -1 -4
Contract jobs citing QA 783 2,460 3,121
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.06% 3.06% 3.32%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 29.64% 29.80% 30.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 550 1,575 2,152
Median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £280 £310 £306
90th Percentile £615 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 48 37
Median hourly rate £30.00 £22.55 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +33.02% -38.21% +102.78%
10th Percentile £12.97 £9.65 £11.00
90th Percentile £36.00 £54.13 £52.30
UK median hourly rate £28.00 £27.25 £36.50
% change year-on-year +2.75% -25.34% +102.78%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 2,642 8,256 10,290
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 10.32% 10.26% 10.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,541 5,108 6,627
Median daily rate £470 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.43% - -
10th Percentile £266 £230 £260
90th Percentile £638 £638 £638
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +2.78% - +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 146 370 362
Median hourly rate £26.88 £21.42 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.53% -2.66% +10.00%
10th Percentile £10.94 £10.80 £11.25
90th Percentile £55.00 £56.25 £50.23
Median hourly rate £26.50 £21.42 £21.63
% change year-on-year +23.75% -0.99% -1.23%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 26 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 461 £475 -2.06% 139
North of England +8 103 £450 +11.11% 110
South East -23 91 £425 -5.56% 89
North West +47 75 £450 +5.02% 55
Midlands +54 65 £360 -10.00% 52
West Midlands +63 40 £350 -10.83% 34
East of England +35 39 £495 +16.47% 34
East Midlands +35 24 £433 +7.12% 18
Yorkshire -13 18 £475 +28.38% 40
North East -9 10 £484 +15.52% 15
South West -18 9 £351 -17.41% 35
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 26 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 354 (45.21%) Agile Software Development
2 245 (31.29%) Test Automation
3 218 (27.84%) Java
4 175 (22.35%) Finance
5 151 (19.28%) DevOps
6 129 (16.48%) SQL
7 122 (15.58%) Scrum
8 116 (14.81%) JIRA
9 113 (14.43%) Python
10 112 (14.30%) Security Cleared
10 112 (14.30%) Git (software)
10 112 (14.30%) Jenkins
11 107 (13.67%) Selenium
12 105 (13.41%) Azure
13 104 (13.28%) SC Cleared
14 103 (13.15%) AWS
15 102 (13.03%) Continuous Integration
16 101 (12.90%) JavaScript
17 99 (12.64%) Oracle
18 95 (12.13%) TDD
18 95 (12.13%) BDD
19 93 (11.88%) Linux
20 90 (11.49%) Problem-Solving
21 81 (10.34%) Docker
21 81 (10.34%) REST
22 80 (10.22%) User Acceptance Testing
22 80 (10.22%) Public Sector
23 73 (9.32%) Performance Testing
24 72 (9.20%) Microsoft
25 71 (9.07%) Cucumber

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (5.36%) Confluence
2 21 (2.68%) SharePoint
3 12 (1.53%) Apache
4 10 (1.28%) Appian
4 10 (1.28%) IIS
4 10 (1.28%) Tomcat
5 7 (0.89%) CMS
5 7 (0.89%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 6 (0.77%) SharePoint 2013
6 6 (0.77%) Umbraco
7 5 (0.64%) BizTalk Server
7 5 (0.64%) JBoss
7 5 (0.64%) nginx
7 5 (0.64%) WebSphere
8 4 (0.51%) Cloud Foundry
8 4 (0.51%) Elasticsearch
8 4 (0.51%) Mule
9 3 (0.38%) ArcGIS
9 3 (0.38%) SAS
9 3 (0.38%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 21 (2.68%) Microsoft Excel
1 21 (2.68%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (1.66%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 12 (1.53%) MS Visio
4 8 (1.02%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.13%) Adobe After Effects
5 1 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.13%) Adobe Premiere
5 1 (0.13%) AutoCAD
5 1 (0.13%) Figma
5 1 (0.13%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.13%) Revit
Business Applications
1 7 (0.89%) Dynamics CRM
1 7 (0.89%) Oracle ERP
2 5 (0.64%) Magento
2 5 (0.64%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 4 (0.51%) Maximo
3 4 (0.51%) Oracle Assets
3 4 (0.51%) Oracle Cash Management
3 4 (0.51%) Oracle Payables
3 4 (0.51%) Oracle Receivables
4 3 (0.38%) BASE24
4 3 (0.38%) Front Arena
4 3 (0.38%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.26%) Eloqua
5 2 (0.26%) OpenText Process Suite
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 2 (0.26%) StreamServe
6 1 (0.13%) Oracle AML
6 1 (0.13%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 1 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 105 (13.41%) Azure
2 103 (13.15%) AWS
3 19 (2.43%) AWS CloudFormation
3 19 (2.43%) GitHub
4 18 (2.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
4 18 (2.30%) Power Platform
5 17 (2.17%) SaaS
5 17 (2.17%) Serverless
6 16 (2.04%) Coveralls
7 15 (1.92%) GCP
8 12 (1.53%) AWS Lambda
9 11 (1.40%) BrowserStack
9 11 (1.40%) PaaS
10 10 (1.28%) Logic Apps
10 10 (1.28%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 9 (1.15%) AWS CloudTrail
11 9 (1.15%) Office 365
12 8 (1.02%) Amazon S3
12 8 (1.02%) Datadog
12 8 (1.02%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 33 (4.21%) DNS
2 32 (4.09%) HTTP
3 17 (2.17%) WAN
4 16 (2.04%) TCP/IP
5 15 (1.92%) Firewall
6 14 (1.79%) Internet
7 10 (1.28%) LAN
7 10 (1.28%) MPLS
7 10 (1.28%) SSL
8 8 (1.02%) Ethernet
9 7 (0.89%) VPN
10 6 (0.77%) BGP
10 6 (0.77%) EIGRP
10 6 (0.77%) OSPF
10 6 (0.77%) Wireless
11 5 (0.64%) DSL
11 5 (0.64%) HTTPS
11 5 (0.64%) IPsec
11 5 (0.64%) SNMP
11 5 (0.64%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (7.79%) Relational Database
2 50 (6.39%) Data Warehouse
3 48 (6.13%) SQL Server
4 47 (6.00%) MySQL
5 26 (3.32%) RDBMS
6 23 (2.94%) NoSQL
7 21 (2.68%) Big Data
8 18 (2.30%) Power BI
9 17 (2.17%) Data Lake
10 15 (1.92%) PostgreSQL
11 13 (1.66%) MongoDB
11 13 (1.66%) Pentaho
11 13 (1.66%) Redis
12 12 (1.53%) Amazon RDS
13 11 (1.40%) Oracle Database
14 9 (1.15%) Amazon Athena
14 9 (1.15%) Amazon Redshift
14 9 (1.15%) Oracle Reports
14 9 (1.15%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 8 (1.02%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 116 (14.81%) JIRA
2 112 (14.30%) Git (software)
2 112 (14.30%) Jenkins
3 107 (13.67%) Selenium
4 71 (9.07%) Cucumber
5 52 (6.64%) JMeter
6 49 (6.26%) JUnit
7 44 (5.62%) Maven
8 34 (4.34%) SoapUI
8 34 (4.34%) WebDriver
9 29 (3.70%) SonarQube
9 29 (3.70%) TeamCity
10 26 (3.32%) GitLab
10 26 (3.32%) Gradle
11 24 (3.07%) Jasmine
12 23 (2.94%) REST Assured
13 20 (2.55%) Cypress.io
13 20 (2.55%) LoadRunner
14 17 (2.17%) Postman
14 17 (2.17%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 175 (22.35%) Finance
2 80 (10.22%) Public Sector
3 61 (7.79%) Banking
4 22 (2.81%) Telecoms
5 21 (2.68%) Legal
6 17 (2.17%) Retail
7 15 (1.92%) Marketing
8 13 (1.66%) Investment Banking
9 12 (1.53%) Pharmaceutical
10 11 (1.40%) Front Office
10 11 (1.40%) Manufacturing
11 8 (1.02%) Retail Banking
12 7 (0.89%) Advertising
12 7 (0.89%) Financial Institution
13 6 (0.77%) Law
14 5 (0.64%) Billing
15 3 (0.38%) Back Office
15 3 (0.38%) Local Government
16 2 (0.26%) Electronics
16 2 (0.26%) German Language
Job Titles
1 181 (23.12%) Developer
2 101 (12.90%) Analyst
3 75 (9.58%) Tester
4 70 (8.94%) QA Engineer
5 42 (5.36%) QA Tester
6 41 (5.24%) Test Engineer
7 33 (4.21%) Architect
7 33 (4.21%) QA Automation Engineer
8 31 (3.96%) Test Manager
9 29 (3.70%) QA Analyst
10 28 (3.58%) Business Analyst
11 25 (3.19%) Automation Engineer
11 25 (3.19%) Test Analyst
12 23 (2.94%) Consultant
13 22 (2.81%) Automation Tester
13 22 (2.81%) Java Engineer
14 21 (2.68%) Java Developer
15 18 (2.30%) AWS Engineer
16 17 (2.17%) .NET Developer
17 15 (1.92%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (10.34%) REST
2 60 (7.66%) HTML
3 57 (7.28%) .NET
4 48 (6.13%) Spring
5 47 (6.00%) CSS
6 42 (5.36%) Web Services
7 36 (4.60%) Gherkin
8 33 (4.21%) JSON
9 32 (4.09%) XML
10 30 (3.83%) SOAP
11 28 (3.58%) Spring Boot
12 26 (3.32%) Node.js
13 22 (2.81%) AngularJS
13 22 (2.81%) Jest
14 21 (2.68%) ASP.NET
14 21 (2.68%) React
15 20 (2.55%) FIX Protocol
15 20 (2.55%) HTML5
16 19 (2.43%) RESTful
17 14 (1.79%) LAMP
Miscellaneous
1 68 (8.68%) Analytical Skills
2 43 (5.49%) User Experience
3 34 (4.34%) Mobile App
4 29 (3.70%) Management Information System
5 23 (2.94%) Greenfield Project
6 21 (2.68%) Enterprise Software
6 21 (2.68%) Self-Motivation
7 14 (1.79%) Linux Command Line
8 13 (1.66%) Data Structures
9 12 (1.53%) Data Centre
10 10 (1.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 9 (1.15%) Algorithms
12 7 (0.89%) Embedded Systems
12 7 (0.89%) Video on Demand
12 7 (0.89%) Virtual Team
13 6 (0.77%) Equities
14 5 (0.64%) FMCG
14 5 (0.64%) NHS
14 5 (0.64%) Reference Data
15 4 (0.51%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 93 (11.88%) Linux
2 68 (8.68%) Unix
3 55 (7.02%) Windows
4 29 (3.70%) Android
5 22 (2.81%) Apple iOS
6 14 (1.79%) Windows 10
7 10 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 5 (0.64%) Windows Mobile
8 5 (0.64%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.38%) SUSE
9 3 (0.38%) Windows 7
10 2 (0.26%) AIX
10 2 (0.26%) CentOS
10 2 (0.26%) Solaris
10 2 (0.26%) Windows Server 2016
11 1 (0.13%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.13%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.13%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 354 (45.21%) Agile Software Development
2 245 (31.29%) Test Automation
3 151 (19.28%) DevOps
4 122 (15.58%) Scrum
5 102 (13.03%) Continuous Integration
6 95 (12.13%) BDD
6 95 (12.13%) TDD
7 90 (11.49%) Problem-Solving
8 80 (10.22%) User Acceptance Testing
9 73 (9.32%) Performance Testing
10 70 (8.94%) Test Strategy
11 69 (8.81%) SDLC
12 68 (8.68%) Microservices
13 65 (8.30%) Migration
14 57 (7.28%) Project Management
15 56 (7.15%) Integration Testing
15 56 (7.15%) Unit Testing
16 55 (7.02%) Test Scripting
17 54 (6.90%) Regression Testing
18 51 (6.51%) Project Delivery
Programming Languages
1 218 (27.84%) Java
2 129 (16.48%) SQL
3 113 (14.43%) Python
4 101 (12.90%) JavaScript
5 57 (7.28%) C#
6 36 (4.60%) C++
7 33 (4.21%) Java 8
8 32 (4.09%) Bash Shell
9 27 (3.45%) C
10 25 (3.19%) PowerShell
11 21 (2.68%) Perl
11 21 (2.68%) Shell Script
12 18 (2.30%) PHP
13 16 (2.04%) PL/SQL
13 16 (2.04%) Ruby
14 13 (1.66%) Scala
15 11 (1.40%) Java 9
15 11 (1.40%) TypeScript
16 8 (1.02%) Apple Swift
17 7 (0.89%) VBA
Qualifications
1 112 (14.30%) Security Cleared
2 104 (13.28%) SC Cleared
3 53 (6.77%) Degree
4 38 (4.85%) ISTQB
5 33 (4.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 27 (3.45%) ISEB
7 24 (3.07%) BPSS Clearance
8 23 (2.94%) Computer Science Degree
9 14 (1.79%) Master's Degree
10 12 (1.53%) DV Cleared
11 7 (0.89%) BC Cleared
11 7 (0.89%) Cisco Certification
12 6 (0.77%) CCNP
13 5 (0.64%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
14 4 (0.51%) AWS Certification
14 4 (0.51%) BICSI Certification
14 4 (0.51%) CCDP
14 4 (0.51%) CCIP
14 4 (0.51%) CCNA
15 3 (0.38%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (2.55%) Data Quality
2 17 (2.17%) PMO
3 13 (1.66%) SLA
4 11 (1.40%) GDPR
5 10 (1.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 9 (1.15%) NIST
6 9 (1.15%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.64%) ISO 9001
8 4 (0.51%) ISO 13485
8 4 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 17025
9 3 (0.38%) ISO 14001
9 3 (0.38%) Section 508
9 3 (0.38%) WCAG
10 2 (0.26%) GxP
10 2 (0.26%) MiFID
10 2 (0.26%) P3O
10 2 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.26%) WAI
11 1 (0.13%) EMIR
11 1 (0.13%) IFRS
System Software
1 81 (10.34%) Docker
2 20 (2.55%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.77%) Hyper-V
3 6 (0.77%) Microsoft App-V
4 5 (0.64%) Virtual Desktop
4 5 (0.64%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.26%) Firmware
5 2 (0.26%) KVM
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.26%) Varnish
5 2 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.26%) Xen
5 2 (0.26%) XenApp
6 1 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (0.13%) VMware NSX
6 1 (0.13%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 33 (4.21%) Opscode Chef
2 30 (3.83%) Kubernetes
3 28 (3.58%) Terraform
4 26 (3.32%) Puppet
5 21 (2.68%) Ansible
6 16 (2.04%) HP ALM
7 10 (1.28%) Nagios
7 10 (1.28%) SCCM
8 7 (0.89%) HP Fortify
9 6 (0.77%) HP Quality Center
10 4 (0.51%) Kibana
10 4 (0.51%) Rundeck
11 3 (0.38%) EnCase
11 3 (0.38%) FTK
11 3 (0.38%) Rancher
11 3 (0.38%) SCOM
11 3 (0.38%) ZABBIX
12 2 (0.26%) Data Guard
12 2 (0.26%) Microsoft Intune
12 2 (0.26%) OpenView
Vendors
1 99 (12.64%) Oracle
2 72 (9.20%) Microsoft
3 33 (4.21%) Splunk
4 22 (2.81%) HP
5 20 (2.55%) Cisco
6 16 (2.04%) Google
6 16 (2.04%) Salesforce.com
7 15 (1.92%) SAP
8 10 (1.28%) AppDynamics
8 10 (1.28%) CA Agile Central
8 10 (1.28%) Citrix
9 9 (1.15%) Red Hat
9 9 (1.15%) Tableau
9 9 (1.15%) VMware
10 8 (1.02%) IBM
10 8 (1.02%) Informatica
11 7 (0.89%) Juniper
11 7 (0.89%) Micro Focus
11 7 (0.89%) Qualys
11 7 (0.89%) Sonatype