Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 81 79 74
Rank change year-on-year -2 -5 -2
Contract jobs citing QA 2,095 828 2,374
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.11% 3.09% 3.08%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 24.68% 26.47% 27.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,431 548 1,526
10th Percentile £313 £302 £306
25th Percentile £398 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £493 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +9.44% - -
75th Percentile £588 £540 £538
90th Percentile £675 £615 £613
UK median daily rate £495 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 17 53
10th Percentile £12.63 £12.92 £9.65
25th Percentile £16.25 £15.25 £12.00
Median hourly rate £20.50 £18.00 £29.00
Median % change year-on-year +13.89% -37.93% -20.55%
75th Percentile £42.75 £25.33 £46.75
90th Percentile £60.00 £35.35 £54.75
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £18.50 £29.00
% change year-on-year +18.92% -36.21% -17.14%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 8,488 3,128 8,666
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.60% 11.66% 11.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,732 1,999 5,564
10th Percentile £263 £284 £250
25th Percentile £386 £363 £350
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £600 £575 £550
90th Percentile £690 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £473 £450
% change year-on-year +5.82% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 263 139 355
10th Percentile £11.25 £10.71 £10.92
25th Percentile £13.00 £14.50 £14.13
Median hourly rate £20.11 £22.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -10.62% +7.14% -
75th Percentile £45.63 £45.00 £47.50
90th Percentile £62.18 £55.00 £56.15
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £21.05 £20.95
% change year-on-year -4.99% +0.50% +4.73%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 1,199 £525 +10.53% 317
South East +7 268 £475 +11.76% 165
North of England -7 218 £450 - 174
Midlands -21 140 £425 +18.06% 116
North West -25 116 £450 - 84
Yorkshire +9 80 £450 -4.26% 47
West Midlands -31 80 £425 +19.72% 66
South West 0 60 £450 +19.84% 53
East Midlands 0 60 £385 -10.98% 50
East of England -28 56 £430 -12.69% 63
North East -2 22 £600 +41.18% 43
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 865 (41.29%) Agile Software Development
2 569 (27.16%) Social Skills
3 530 (25.30%) Test Automation
4 423 (20.19%) Finance
5 422 (20.14%) SQL
6 342 (16.32%) Java
7 327 (15.61%) Scrum
8 321 (15.32%) DevOps
9 312 (14.89%) Azure
10 304 (14.51%) JIRA
11 276 (13.17%) Analytical Skills
12 258 (12.32%) Problem-Solving
13 236 (11.26%) JavaScript
14 224 (10.69%) Python
15 219 (10.45%) Project Management
16 214 (10.21%) Microsoft
17 213 (10.17%) User Acceptance Testing
18 210 (10.02%) AWS
19 208 (9.93%) Selenium
20 203 (9.69%) Oracle
21 195 (9.31%) Stakeholder Management
22 192 (9.16%) Microservices
23 186 (8.88%) TDD
24 184 (8.78%) Git (software)
25 180 (8.59%) Cucumber
26 178 (8.50%) Test Strategy
26 178 (8.50%) Analytics
27 177 (8.45%) Public Sector
28 176 (8.40%) BDD
29 171 (8.16%) Banking

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 148 (7.06%) Confluence
2 51 (2.43%) SharePoint
3 41 (1.96%) Apache Spark
4 37 (1.77%) Apache
5 35 (1.67%) CMS
6 24 (1.15%) IIS
7 17 (0.81%) Apache Airflow
8 16 (0.76%) Elasticsearch
9 10 (0.48%) Sitecore CMS
10 9 (0.43%) SAS
10 9 (0.43%) WebLogic
11 7 (0.33%) Drupal
12 6 (0.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 6 (0.29%) ArcGIS
12 6 (0.29%) Headless CMS
12 6 (0.29%) nginx
12 6 (0.29%) Tomcat
13 5 (0.24%) Jupyter
13 5 (0.24%) MS Exchange
14 4 (0.19%) Documentum
Applications
1 120 (5.73%) Microsoft Excel
2 62 (2.96%) Microsoft Office
3 59 (2.82%) MS Visio
4 35 (1.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 20 (0.95%) Microsoft Project
6 13 (0.62%) Sketch
7 12 (0.57%) InVision
8 11 (0.53%) Spreadsheet
9 10 (0.48%) Photoshop
10 6 (0.29%) Adobe Premiere
11 4 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.19%) InDesign
11 4 (0.19%) Open Workbench
12 3 (0.14%) Figma
12 3 (0.14%) Mingle
12 3 (0.14%) ProjectWise
13 2 (0.095%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 2 (0.095%) SPSS
14 1 (0.048%) Acrobat
14 1 (0.048%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 18 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.72%) Oracle EBS
3 10 (0.48%) SAP HCM
4 9 (0.43%) SAP S/4HANA
5 8 (0.38%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 7 (0.33%) SAP FI-CA
6 7 (0.33%) SAP PSCD
7 6 (0.29%) Oracle General Ledger
7 6 (0.29%) Relativity
8 5 (0.24%) Adobe Campaign
8 5 (0.24%) Endur
8 5 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
9 4 (0.19%) Cerner Millennium
9 4 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
9 4 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
9 4 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
10 3 (0.14%) iTrent
10 3 (0.14%) Oracle Receivables
10 3 (0.14%) SAP BRIM
10 3 (0.14%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 312 (14.89%) Azure
2 210 (10.02%) AWS
3 80 (3.82%) Power Platform
4 76 (3.63%) GitHub
5 74 (3.53%) SaaS
6 63 (3.01%) Serverless
7 54 (2.58%) GCP
8 45 (2.15%) PaaS
9 39 (1.86%) AWS Lambda
10 38 (1.81%) IaaS
10 38 (1.81%) Microsoft 365
11 31 (1.48%) Amazon S3
12 30 (1.43%) Amazon EC2
13 29 (1.38%) Azure Active Directory
14 26 (1.24%) BrowserStack
15 25 (1.19%) Datadog
16 24 (1.15%) Dynamics 365
17 22 (1.05%) SuccessFactors
18 19 (0.91%) Amazon ECS
18 19 (0.91%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 34 (1.62%) HTTP
2 27 (1.29%) Internet
3 23 (1.10%) DNS
3 23 (1.10%) Firewall
3 23 (1.10%) WAN
4 18 (0.86%) SSL
5 14 (0.67%) SAN
6 12 (0.57%) 2G
6 12 (0.57%) TCP/IP
7 11 (0.53%) Network Security
7 11 (0.53%) RNC
8 10 (0.48%) 3G
8 10 (0.48%) 4G
8 10 (0.48%) LAN
9 9 (0.43%) MGW
9 9 (0.43%) NAS
9 9 (0.43%) Unified Communications
9 9 (0.43%) VLAN
10 7 (0.33%) Wireshark
11 5 (0.24%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 110 (5.25%) SQL Server
2 67 (3.20%) Data Warehouse
2 67 (3.20%) Power BI
3 49 (2.34%) Oracle Reports
4 48 (2.29%) MongoDB
5 45 (2.15%) Tableau
6 44 (2.10%) Oracle Database
7 42 (2.00%) Hadoop
8 41 (1.96%) NoSQL
9 40 (1.91%) Big Data
9 40 (1.91%) Data Lake
10 36 (1.72%) PostgreSQL
10 36 (1.72%) Relational Database
11 32 (1.53%) Azure SQL Database
12 31 (1.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 28 (1.34%) MySQL
14 24 (1.15%) Metadata
15 19 (0.91%) Apache Hive
16 14 (0.67%) Amazon RDS
16 14 (0.67%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 304 (14.51%) JIRA
2 208 (9.93%) Selenium
3 184 (8.78%) Git (software)
4 180 (8.59%) Cucumber
5 166 (7.92%) Jenkins
6 96 (4.58%) Postman
7 58 (2.77%) JMeter
8 55 (2.63%) Cypress.io
8 55 (2.63%) Maven
9 53 (2.53%) SoapUI
10 51 (2.43%) SpecFlow
11 49 (2.34%) Gatling
12 47 (2.24%) Appium
13 39 (1.86%) REST Assured
14 37 (1.77%) JUnit
14 37 (1.77%) Protractor
15 35 (1.67%) TeamCity
16 32 (1.53%) GitLab
17 28 (1.34%) Visual Studio
17 28 (1.34%) WebDriver
General
1 569 (27.16%) Social Skills
2 423 (20.19%) Finance
3 276 (13.17%) Analytical Skills
4 177 (8.45%) Public Sector
5 171 (8.16%) Banking
6 112 (5.35%) Retail
7 85 (4.06%) Influencing Skills
8 73 (3.48%) Marketing
9 56 (2.67%) Presentation Skills
10 52 (2.48%) Telecoms
11 51 (2.43%) Investment Banking
11 51 (2.43%) Legal
12 48 (2.29%) Documentation Skills
13 40 (1.91%) Front Office
14 37 (1.77%) Organisational Skills
15 33 (1.58%) Law
15 33 (1.58%) Manufacturing
16 25 (1.19%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 21 (1.00%) Local Government
18 20 (0.95%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 404 (19.28%) Analyst
2 349 (16.66%) Developer
3 167 (7.97%) Tester
4 162 (7.73%) Business Analyst
5 119 (5.68%) Architect
6 109 (5.20%) QA Engineer
7 95 (4.53%) Test Analyst
8 91 (4.34%) Consultant
9 85 (4.06%) QA Tester
10 79 (3.77%) Test Engineer
11 73 (3.48%) Project Manager
12 70 (3.34%) Data Analyst
13 63 (3.01%) Test Manager
14 57 (2.72%) Automation Tester
14 57 (2.72%) Solutions Architect
15 56 (2.67%) QA Analyst
16 54 (2.58%) Test Leader
17 53 (2.53%) Java Developer
18 51 (2.43%) Data Engineer
19 50 (2.39%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 142 (6.78%) .NET
2 120 (5.73%) RESTful
3 119 (5.68%) HTML
3 119 (5.68%) REST
4 111 (5.30%) CSS
5 106 (5.06%) Web Services
6 97 (4.63%) XML
7 93 (4.44%) Node.js
8 91 (4.34%) React
9 88 (4.20%) JSON
10 80 (3.82%) Spring
11 62 (2.96%) AngularJS
11 62 (2.96%) Gherkin
11 62 (2.96%) Kafka
12 61 (2.91%) GraphQL
13 59 (2.82%) SOAP
14 49 (2.34%) Spring Boot
15 43 (2.05%) .NET Framework
16 33 (1.58%) Play Framework
17 27 (1.29%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 120 (5.73%) User Experience
2 83 (3.96%) Management Information System
3 51 (2.43%) Data Structures
3 51 (2.43%) Mobile App
4 50 (2.39%) Self-Motivation
5 43 (2.05%) Virtual Team
6 41 (1.96%) Data Protection Act
7 39 (1.86%) Greenfield Project
8 31 (1.48%) Data Centre
9 29 (1.38%) Public Cloud
10 27 (1.29%) NHS
11 20 (0.95%) Fixed Income
11 20 (0.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 18 (0.86%) Linux Command Line
13 17 (0.81%) Enterprise Software
14 16 (0.76%) Algorithms
15 15 (0.72%) Cloud Native
15 15 (0.72%) Equities
16 14 (0.67%) Hybrid Cloud
17 13 (0.62%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 125 (5.97%) Windows
2 94 (4.49%) Linux
3 93 (4.44%) Unix
4 66 (3.15%) Android
5 61 (2.91%) Apple iOS
6 18 (0.86%) Windows 10
7 12 (0.57%) Windows Server
8 9 (0.43%) Windows Server 2016
9 6 (0.29%) Windows Server 2019
10 4 (0.19%) Mac OS
10 4 (0.19%) Solaris
10 4 (0.19%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.19%) VMS
11 3 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
12 2 (0.095%) AIX
12 2 (0.095%) CentOS
12 2 (0.095%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 1 (0.048%) MVS
13 1 (0.048%) Windows 7
13 1 (0.048%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 865 (41.29%) Agile Software Development
2 530 (25.30%) Test Automation
3 327 (15.61%) Scrum
4 321 (15.32%) DevOps
5 258 (12.32%) Problem-Solving
6 219 (10.45%) Project Management
7 213 (10.17%) User Acceptance Testing
8 195 (9.31%) Stakeholder Management
9 192 (9.16%) Microservices
10 186 (8.88%) TDD
11 178 (8.50%) Analytics
11 178 (8.50%) Test Strategy
12 176 (8.40%) BDD
13 170 (8.11%) Software Engineering
14 169 (8.07%) Test Scripting
15 160 (7.64%) Software Testing
16 159 (7.59%) Continuous Improvement
17 158 (7.54%) Continuous Integration
18 155 (7.40%) SDLC
19 127 (6.06%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 422 (20.14%) SQL
2 342 (16.32%) Java
3 236 (11.26%) JavaScript
4 224 (10.69%) Python
5 160 (7.64%) C#
6 55 (2.63%) Scala
7 40 (1.91%) PowerShell
7 40 (1.91%) R
8 38 (1.81%) PL/SQL
9 36 (1.72%) Ruby
10 35 (1.67%) T-SQL
10 35 (1.67%) TypeScript
10 35 (1.67%) VBA
11 34 (1.62%) C++
12 31 (1.48%) Bash Shell
13 30 (1.43%) VB
14 21 (1.00%) Java 8
14 21 (1.00%) PHP
14 21 (1.00%) VB.NET
15 20 (0.95%) C
Qualifications
1 161 (7.68%) Security Cleared
2 152 (7.26%) Degree
3 130 (6.21%) SC Cleared
4 88 (4.20%) ISTQB
5 61 (2.91%) ISEB
6 56 (2.67%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 38 (1.81%) Computer Science Degree
8 29 (1.38%) BPSS Clearance
9 23 (1.10%) DV Cleared
10 21 (1.00%) PMP
11 17 (0.81%) CISSP
11 17 (0.81%) PMI Certification
12 13 (0.62%) Master's Degree
13 11 (0.53%) Cisco Certification
13 11 (0.53%) MBA
14 9 (0.43%) AWS Certification
14 9 (0.43%) MBCS
15 8 (0.38%) CCNP
16 7 (0.33%) CISM
16 7 (0.33%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 80 (3.82%) Data Quality
2 62 (2.96%) PMO
3 53 (2.53%) Accessibility
4 32 (1.53%) GDPR
5 29 (1.38%) MiFID
6 23 (1.10%) EMIR
7 21 (1.00%) WCAG
8 16 (0.76%) SLA
9 13 (0.62%) GRC
10 12 (0.57%) NIST
11 11 (0.53%) FATCA
12 10 (0.48%) Disclosure Scotland
13 8 (0.38%) Dodd-Frank
13 8 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 6 (0.29%) GMP
14 6 (0.29%) IFRS
14 6 (0.29%) ISO 9000
15 5 (0.24%) GLP
15 5 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 4 (0.19%) HL7
System Software
1 147 (7.02%) Docker
2 39 (1.86%) Active Directory
3 17 (0.81%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (0.57%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (0.43%) HDFS
6 4 (0.19%) NFS
7 3 (0.14%) vSphere
8 2 (0.095%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.095%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.048%) GeoWebCache
9 1 (0.048%) PowerHA
9 1 (0.048%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.048%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 129 (6.16%) Kubernetes
2 56 (2.67%) Terraform
3 32 (1.53%) Ansible
4 23 (1.10%) Grafana
5 18 (0.86%) Prometheus
6 16 (0.76%) HP ALM
7 15 (0.72%) HP Quality Center
8 13 (0.62%) ZABBIX
9 10 (0.48%) Rancher
10 8 (0.38%) Kibana
10 8 (0.38%) SCCM
11 7 (0.33%) Control-M
12 6 (0.29%) logstash
12 6 (0.29%) Packer
12 6 (0.29%) Puppet
13 5 (0.24%) MIIS
13 5 (0.24%) Nessus
13 5 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
14 4 (0.19%) FortiGate
14 4 (0.19%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 214 (10.21%) Microsoft
2 203 (9.69%) Oracle
3 89 (4.25%) SAP
4 79 (3.77%) Salesforce.com
5 38 (1.81%) Google
6 30 (1.43%) Adobe
6 30 (1.43%) Splunk
7 29 (1.38%) ServiceNow
8 25 (1.19%) Atlassian
8 25 (1.19%) IBM
9 24 (1.15%) Databricks
9 24 (1.15%) Informatica
10 21 (1.00%) Red Hat
10 21 (1.00%) VMware
11 20 (0.95%) CA
11 20 (0.95%) Citrix
12 19 (0.91%) Cisco
12 19 (0.91%) HP
13 18 (0.86%) Perfecto Mobile
14 17 (0.81%) Remedy