Period
to 1 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 1 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 78 72 67
Rank change year-on-year -6 -5 0
Contract jobs citing QA 1,600 2,978 3,219
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.86% 3.38% 3.46%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 28.56% 31.54% 27.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,039 2,005 2,179
Median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £300 £307 £300
90th Percentile £613 £600 £625
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +6.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 45 42 40
Median hourly rate £23.00 £33.75 £24.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -31.85% +39.18% -3.00%
10th Percentile £12.03 £9.74 £14.34
90th Percentile £51.25 £54.38 £70.50
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £35.00 £26.36
% change year-on-year -35.71% +32.80% +5.42%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 5,603 9,441 11,792
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 10.02% 10.72% 12.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,442 5,957 7,589
Median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £238 £250 £263
90th Percentile £638 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 254 309 326
Median hourly rate £25.68 £21.76 £21.90
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.01% -0.64% +6.83%
10th Percentile £13.42 £10.60 £12.00
90th Percentile £52.85 £50.00 £57.50
Median hourly rate £24.44 £21.76 £22.50
% change year-on-year +12.29% -3.29% +5.96%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -9 811 £500 +5.26% 217
South East +1 293 £400 -11.11% 145
North of England -12 183 £425 +8.97% 143
Midlands +30 123 £450 +12.50% 78
South West +10 122 £450 +2.86% 54
North West +8 110 £400 +0.06% 84
West Midlands +13 69 £450 +12.50% 50
East of England -21 55 £400 - 52
East Midlands +40 54 £350 -12.50% 28
Yorkshire -1 44 £450 +16.13% 41
North East -25 30 £463 +16.72% 18
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 713 (44.56%) Agile Software Development
2 441 (27.56%) Test Automation
3 306 (19.13%) Finance
4 305 (19.06%) Java
5 287 (17.94%) DevOps
6 272 (17.00%) JIRA
7 267 (16.69%) SQL
8 263 (16.44%) Scrum
9 247 (15.44%) JavaScript
10 215 (13.44%) Selenium
11 214 (13.38%) BDD
12 212 (13.25%) Azure
13 204 (12.75%) C#
14 190 (11.88%) Analytical Skills
15 184 (11.50%) Security Cleared
16 178 (11.13%) .NET
17 172 (10.75%) Microsoft
18 169 (10.56%) TDD
18 169 (10.56%) Continuous Integration
19 166 (10.38%) SDLC
20 162 (10.13%) Git (software)
21 161 (10.06%) Problem-Solving
22 155 (9.69%) Jenkins
23 145 (9.06%) AWS
24 140 (8.75%) HTML
25 138 (8.63%) Oracle
26 137 (8.56%) Linux
27 134 (8.38%) Python
27 134 (8.38%) SC Cleared
28 132 (8.25%) Test Scripting

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 126 (7.88%) Confluence
2 36 (2.25%) SharePoint
3 22 (1.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 21 (1.31%) CMS
5 16 (1.00%) WebSphere
6 14 (0.88%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 13 (0.81%) Apache
8 12 (0.75%) Apache Spark
8 12 (0.75%) Elasticsearch
9 11 (0.69%) SAS
10 10 (0.63%) IIS
11 9 (0.56%) JBoss
12 7 (0.44%) WebLogic
13 6 (0.38%) Magnolia
14 5 (0.31%) OpenStack
14 5 (0.31%) Red Hat Fuse
14 5 (0.31%) Tomcat
14 5 (0.31%) Umbraco
15 4 (0.25%) Drupal
15 4 (0.25%) OnBase
Applications
1 72 (4.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (2.56%) Microsoft Office
3 23 (1.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 19 (1.19%) Microsoft Project
5 13 (0.81%) MS Visio
6 10 (0.63%) Sketch
7 8 (0.50%) Photoshop
8 7 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
9 5 (0.31%) SPSS
9 5 (0.31%) Zeplin
10 4 (0.25%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 4 (0.25%) Figma
10 4 (0.25%) InVision
11 3 (0.19%) Adobe Captivate
12 2 (0.13%) Adobe XD
12 2 (0.13%) Lectora
13 1 (0.063%) Acrobat
13 1 (0.063%) Adobe Illustrator
13 1 (0.063%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 18 (1.13%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.69%) SAP Hybris
3 10 (0.63%) Magento
4 7 (0.44%) Oracle Retail
5 6 (0.38%) SAP S/4HANA
5 6 (0.38%) Shopify
6 5 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
7 4 (0.25%) BusinessWorks
7 4 (0.25%) PeopleSoft Financials
7 4 (0.25%) Workday HCM
8 3 (0.19%) Front Arena
8 3 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
8 3 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
8 3 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 3 (0.19%) thinkFolio
9 2 (0.13%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
9 2 (0.13%) SAP ERP
9 2 (0.13%) SAP HR
Cloud Services
1 212 (13.25%) Azure
2 145 (9.06%) AWS
3 52 (3.25%) Power Platform
4 45 (2.81%) GitHub
5 33 (2.06%) SaaS
6 32 (2.00%) Serverless
7 30 (1.88%) GCP
7 30 (1.88%) PaaS
8 27 (1.69%) Office 365
9 26 (1.63%) AWS CloudFormation
10 18 (1.13%) AWS Lambda
11 15 (0.94%) Dynamics 365
12 14 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
12 14 (0.88%) IaaS
13 12 (0.75%) Apigee
14 11 (0.69%) Azure Data Factory
14 11 (0.69%) Boomi
14 11 (0.69%) Sauce Labs
15 10 (0.63%) Azure Functions
15 10 (0.63%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 29 (1.81%) DNS
2 25 (1.56%) HTTP
3 22 (1.38%) Unified Communications
4 19 (1.19%) Internet
5 18 (1.13%) TCP/IP
6 17 (1.06%) Wireshark
7 14 (0.88%) 4G
8 13 (0.81%) VPN
9 11 (0.69%) Firewall
10 10 (0.63%) Skype
11 8 (0.50%) Ethernet
11 8 (0.50%) FTP
11 8 (0.50%) HTTPS
12 6 (0.38%) IPv6
12 6 (0.38%) Network Security
12 6 (0.38%) WAN
13 5 (0.31%) MPLS
13 5 (0.31%) SSH
13 5 (0.31%) SSL
13 5 (0.31%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 115 (7.19%) SQL Server
2 66 (4.13%) Relational Database
3 53 (3.31%) Data Warehouse
4 51 (3.19%) Power BI
5 37 (2.31%) Big Data
6 36 (2.25%) MySQL
7 34 (2.13%) NoSQL
8 28 (1.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 26 (1.63%) Data Lake
9 26 (1.63%) RDBMS
10 22 (1.38%) PostgreSQL
11 19 (1.19%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 18 (1.13%) Oracle Database
13 16 (1.00%) Apache Cassandra
13 16 (1.00%) MongoDB
14 14 (0.88%) Blockchain
14 14 (0.88%) Redis
15 12 (0.75%) Azure SQL Database
15 12 (0.75%) Cosmos DB
15 12 (0.75%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 272 (17.00%) JIRA
2 215 (13.44%) Selenium
3 162 (10.13%) Git (software)
4 155 (9.69%) Jenkins
5 130 (8.13%) Cucumber
6 65 (4.06%) SpecFlow
7 49 (3.06%) JMeter
8 45 (2.81%) WebDriver
9 42 (2.63%) SoapUI
10 41 (2.56%) JUnit
11 39 (2.44%) Postman
12 37 (2.31%) Visual Studio
13 32 (2.00%) Bitbucket
14 27 (1.69%) Team Foundation Server
14 27 (1.69%) TeamCity
15 26 (1.63%) REST Assured
16 24 (1.50%) CircleCI
16 24 (1.50%) Visual Studio Team System
17 23 (1.44%) Mocha
18 21 (1.31%) SonarQube
General
1 306 (19.13%) Finance
2 96 (6.00%) Banking
3 82 (5.13%) Public Sector
4 63 (3.94%) Telecoms
5 62 (3.88%) Marketing
6 54 (3.38%) Retail
7 33 (2.06%) Manufacturing
8 21 (1.31%) Front Office
8 21 (1.31%) Legal
9 19 (1.19%) Electronics
10 17 (1.06%) Games
11 16 (1.00%) Back Office
12 14 (0.88%) German Language
12 14 (0.88%) Investment Banking
12 14 (0.88%) Law
12 14 (0.88%) Retail Banking
13 13 (0.81%) Pharmaceutical
14 10 (0.63%) Advertising
14 10 (0.63%) Financial Institution
15 8 (0.50%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 316 (19.75%) Developer
2 254 (15.88%) Analyst
3 141 (8.81%) Tester
4 119 (7.44%) QA Engineer
5 83 (5.19%) Test Analyst
6 76 (4.75%) QA Analyst
7 68 (4.25%) QA Tester
8 65 (4.06%) Test Engineer
9 58 (3.63%) Business Analyst
10 55 (3.44%) DevOps Engineer
11 53 (3.31%) Project Manager
12 51 (3.19%) Architect
13 50 (3.13%) Automation Tester
14 46 (2.88%) Java Developer
14 46 (2.88%) Senior Developer
15 44 (2.75%) Consultant
15 44 (2.75%) React Developer
16 41 (2.56%) Test Manager
17 36 (2.25%) QA Automation Engineer
17 36 (2.25%) QA Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 178 (11.13%) .NET
2 140 (8.75%) HTML
3 100 (6.25%) CSS
4 97 (6.06%) XML
5 87 (5.44%) REST
6 76 (4.75%) Web Services
7 75 (4.69%) React
8 71 (4.44%) AngularJS
8 71 (4.44%) JSON
9 65 (4.06%) Node.js
10 63 (3.94%) SOAP
11 57 (3.56%) ASP.NET
12 54 (3.38%) RESTful
13 51 (3.19%) Gherkin
14 49 (3.06%) .NET Framework
14 49 (3.06%) HTML5
15 46 (2.88%) Redux
16 39 (2.44%) Spring
17 30 (1.88%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 29 (1.81%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 190 (11.88%) Analytical Skills
2 124 (7.75%) User Experience
3 54 (3.38%) Mobile App
4 46 (2.88%) Self-Motivation
5 38 (2.38%) Enterprise Software
6 36 (2.25%) Greenfield Project
6 36 (2.25%) Management Information System
7 24 (1.50%) Virtual Team
8 21 (1.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 21 (1.31%) Public Cloud
9 15 (0.94%) NHS
10 14 (0.88%) e-Learning
11 13 (0.81%) Algorithms
11 13 (0.81%) Data Structures
12 12 (0.75%) Linux Command Line
12 12 (0.75%) W3C
13 11 (0.69%) Derivative
13 11 (0.69%) Driving Licence
14 10 (0.63%) FMCG
14 10 (0.63%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 137 (8.56%) Linux
2 121 (7.56%) Windows
3 81 (5.06%) Android
4 73 (4.56%) Apple iOS
5 58 (3.63%) Unix
6 38 (2.38%) Windows 10
7 20 (1.25%) Windows 7
8 15 (0.94%) Ubuntu
9 12 (0.75%) Windows Server
10 11 (0.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 9 (0.56%) VME
12 4 (0.25%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.13%) tvOS
14 1 (0.063%) CoreOS
14 1 (0.063%) Embedded Linux
14 1 (0.063%) VMS
14 1 (0.063%) Windows 8
14 1 (0.063%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.063%) Windows Server 2012
14 1 (0.063%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 713 (44.56%) Agile Software Development
2 441 (27.56%) Test Automation
3 287 (17.94%) DevOps
4 263 (16.44%) Scrum
5 214 (13.38%) BDD
6 169 (10.56%) Continuous Integration
6 169 (10.56%) TDD
7 166 (10.38%) SDLC
8 161 (10.06%) Problem-Solving
9 132 (8.25%) Test Scripting
10 129 (8.06%) Project Management
11 104 (6.50%) Acceptance Criteria
12 103 (6.44%) User Acceptance Testing
13 100 (6.25%) Continuous Improvement
14 99 (6.19%) Manual Testing
15 98 (6.13%) Analytics
16 97 (6.06%) Migration
17 92 (5.75%) Microservices
17 92 (5.75%) Software Engineering
18 90 (5.63%) QA Automation
Programming Languages
1 305 (19.06%) Java
2 267 (16.69%) SQL
3 247 (15.44%) JavaScript
4 204 (12.75%) C#
5 134 (8.38%) Python
6 61 (3.81%) Bash Shell
7 58 (3.63%) PowerShell
8 57 (3.56%) Ruby
9 44 (2.75%) TypeScript
10 36 (2.25%) T-SQL
11 35 (2.19%) C
12 27 (1.69%) C++
13 25 (1.56%) PL/SQL
14 24 (1.50%) Groovy
15 23 (1.44%) Shell Script
16 22 (1.38%) Perl
17 21 (1.31%) VBA
18 20 (1.25%) Java 8
19 19 (1.19%) PHP
20 18 (1.13%) Scala
Qualifications
1 184 (11.50%) Security Cleared
2 134 (8.38%) SC Cleared
3 127 (7.94%) Degree
4 74 (4.63%) ISTQB
5 70 (4.38%) ISEB
6 30 (1.88%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 28 (1.75%) DV Cleared
8 26 (1.63%) BPSS Clearance
9 25 (1.56%) Computer Science Degree
10 16 (1.00%) Master's Degree
11 12 (0.75%) PMI Certification
12 10 (0.63%) OSCP
12 10 (0.63%) PMP
13 9 (0.56%) CCNA
13 9 (0.56%) Cisco Certification
13 9 (0.56%) CREST Certified
13 9 (0.56%) Numerate Degree
14 6 (0.38%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 6 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
14 6 (0.38%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (1.75%) PMO
2 19 (1.19%) SLA
3 18 (1.13%) Data Quality
4 17 (1.06%) GDPR
5 15 (0.94%) WCAG
6 9 (0.56%) GxP
7 6 (0.38%) ISO 9001
7 6 (0.38%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 5 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 4 (0.25%) EMIR
9 4 (0.25%) MiFID
10 3 (0.19%) Government Security Classifications
10 3 (0.19%) NCSC
11 2 (0.13%) COBIT
11 2 (0.13%) Def Stans
11 2 (0.13%) ISAE 3402
11 2 (0.13%) ISO 14001
11 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 2 (0.13%) Section 508
System Software
1 114 (7.13%) Docker
2 22 (1.38%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (1.13%) Active Directory
3 18 (1.13%) Hyper-V
4 17 (1.06%) Microsoft App-V
5 8 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
6 3 (0.19%) vSphere
7 2 (0.13%) Firmware
7 2 (0.13%) HDFS
7 2 (0.13%) LXC
7 2 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
7 2 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.063%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 1 (0.063%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 68 (4.25%) Ansible
2 66 (4.13%) Kubernetes
3 57 (3.56%) Terraform
4 47 (2.94%) Puppet
5 33 (2.06%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (1.63%) SCCM
7 23 (1.44%) Docker Swarm
8 20 (1.25%) HP Quality Center
9 15 (0.94%) HP ALM
9 15 (0.94%) Salt
10 14 (0.88%) AppDNA
11 11 (0.69%) Nagios
12 8 (0.50%) Prometheus
13 7 (0.44%) Packer
14 5 (0.31%) ZABBIX
15 4 (0.25%) Control-M
15 4 (0.25%) Grafana
15 4 (0.25%) HP SiteScope
15 4 (0.25%) Rancher
16 3 (0.19%) Consul
Vendors
1 172 (10.75%) Microsoft
2 138 (8.63%) Oracle
3 69 (4.31%) SAP
4 39 (2.44%) HP
5 36 (2.25%) Google
6 33 (2.06%) Salesforce.com
7 30 (1.88%) Adobe
8 28 (1.75%) Cisco
9 26 (1.63%) hybris
10 25 (1.56%) Dell
10 25 (1.56%) VMware
11 20 (1.25%) Tableau
12 18 (1.13%) IBM
13 17 (1.06%) Red Hat
14 15 (0.94%) Citrix
15 14 (0.88%) Atlassian
15 14 (0.88%) Xamarin
16 11 (0.69%) Apple
16 11 (0.69%) Splunk
17 9 (0.56%) Remedy