Period
to 20 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 20 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
20 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 73 67 66
Rank change year-on-year -6 -1 +10
Contract jobs citing QA 2,365 3,366 3,297
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.10% 3.54% 3.50%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 29.58% 33.01% 27.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,516 2,336 2,310
England median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £625 £600 £615
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £435
% change year-on-year - +3.45% +2.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 50 44 40
England median hourly rate £23.18 £37.00 £21.90
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -37.36% +68.95% +9.50%
10th Percentile £9.65 £10.65 £10.00
90th Percentile £53.88 £48.18 £44.25
UK median hourly rate £30.25 £36.25 £21.90
% change year-on-year -16.55% +65.53% +11.68%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 7,996 10,196 11,902
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 10.50% 10.72% 12.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,039 6,516 7,834
England median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £240 £256 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £638
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 352 349 327
England median hourly rate £21.38 £22.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.83% +10.00% -12.42%
10th Percentile £11.01 £11.00 £11.00
90th Percentile £56.23 £50.23 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £21.76 £20.00
% change year-on-year -3.49% +8.80% -14.89%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 20 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 20 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 20 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -14 1,119 £500 +5.26% 308
South East +15 538 £425 -5.56% 178
North of England +4 308 £400 -5.33% 236
South West -4 159 £425 +6.25% 96
Midlands -9 133 £400 +2.24% 138
North West -29 115 £419 -6.94% 105
Yorkshire +23 112 £390 -5.45% 77
East of England -4 97 £400 - 88
North East +28 83 £400 -6.98% 54
East Midlands +32 69 £350 -12.50% 43
West Midlands -24 63 £400 +3.23% 95
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 20 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 1,080 (45.67%) Agile Software Development
2 788 (33.32%) Test Automation
3 459 (19.41%) Finance
4 414 (17.51%) Java
5 412 (17.42%) Scrum
6 411 (17.38%) Selenium
7 408 (17.25%) SQL
8 378 (15.98%) DevOps
9 352 (14.88%) JavaScript
10 343 (14.50%) JIRA
10 343 (14.50%) Azure
11 332 (14.04%) C#
12 296 (12.52%) BDD
13 282 (11.92%) Microsoft
14 258 (10.91%) TDD
15 244 (10.32%) .NET
16 242 (10.23%) Test Strategy
17 234 (9.89%) Project Management
18 226 (9.56%) Windows
19 217 (9.18%) Oracle
20 216 (9.13%) Continuous Integration
21 215 (9.09%) Jenkins
21 215 (9.09%) Analytical Skills
22 214 (9.05%) Git (software)
23 211 (8.92%) Degree
23 211 (8.92%) Problem-Solving
24 210 (8.88%) Cucumber
25 209 (8.84%) AWS
26 208 (8.79%) SDLC
27 201 (8.50%) Security Cleared

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 169 (7.15%) Confluence
2 75 (3.17%) SharePoint
3 34 (1.44%) CMS
4 28 (1.18%) Elasticsearch
5 21 (0.89%) IIS
6 20 (0.85%) Apache
7 19 (0.80%) Apache Spark
8 14 (0.59%) Tomcat
8 14 (0.59%) Umbraco
9 13 (0.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 12 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 11 (0.47%) JBoss
12 10 (0.42%) MS Exchange
12 10 (0.42%) SharePoint 2013
13 8 (0.34%) Skype for Business
13 8 (0.34%) WebSphere
14 7 (0.30%) Drupal
15 6 (0.25%) OpenStack
15 6 (0.25%) WebLogic
16 5 (0.21%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 108 (4.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 75 (3.17%) Microsoft Office
3 38 (1.61%) Microsoft Project
4 35 (1.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 27 (1.14%) MS Visio
6 23 (0.97%) Photoshop
7 13 (0.55%) Sketch
8 12 (0.51%) Adobe Illustrator
9 11 (0.47%) Spreadsheet
10 6 (0.25%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 6 (0.25%) InVision
11 2 (0.085%) InfoPath
11 2 (0.085%) Zeplin
12 1 (0.042%) Acrobat
12 1 (0.042%) Adobe Captivate
12 1 (0.042%) Adobe XD
12 1 (0.042%) Camtasia
12 1 (0.042%) CATIA
12 1 (0.042%) Marvel
12 1 (0.042%) Stata
Business Applications
1 39 (1.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.42%) BusinessWorks
3 9 (0.38%) Magento
3 9 (0.38%) Oracle EBS
3 9 (0.38%) SAP Hybris
4 8 (0.34%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 6 (0.25%) Misys Opics
5 6 (0.25%) Oracle General Ledger
5 6 (0.25%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 5 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
6 5 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
6 5 (0.21%) thinkFolio
7 4 (0.17%) Actimize
7 4 (0.17%) NetSuite
7 4 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
7 4 (0.17%) Oracle iProcurement
7 4 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
7 4 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
7 4 (0.17%) SimCorp Dimension
8 3 (0.13%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 343 (14.50%) Azure
2 209 (8.84%) AWS
3 89 (3.76%) Power Platform
4 67 (2.83%) GitHub
5 62 (2.62%) PaaS
6 61 (2.58%) SaaS
7 48 (2.03%) Office 365
8 41 (1.73%) GCP
9 40 (1.69%) Serverless
10 33 (1.40%) Dynamics 365
10 33 (1.40%) Google Analytics
11 28 (1.18%) BrowserStack
12 25 (1.06%) IaaS
13 23 (0.97%) Sauce Labs
14 20 (0.85%) AWS CloudFormation
15 18 (0.76%) AWS Lambda
16 17 (0.72%) Azure Functions
17 15 (0.63%) Cloud Computing
18 13 (0.55%) Azure Active Directory
19 12 (0.51%) Azure ExpressRoute
Communications & Networking
1 33 (1.40%) WAN
2 32 (1.35%) DNS
2 32 (1.35%) Internet
3 27 (1.14%) Firewall
4 24 (1.01%) HTTP
5 23 (0.97%) TCP/IP
6 22 (0.93%) 4G
7 18 (0.76%) LAN
8 16 (0.68%) VPN
9 14 (0.59%) Ethernet
10 13 (0.55%) Wireshark
11 12 (0.51%) SAN
12 11 (0.47%) Skype
13 10 (0.42%) Intranet
13 10 (0.42%) MPLS
13 10 (0.42%) NAS
13 10 (0.42%) Radio Access Network
13 10 (0.42%) Reverse Proxy
14 9 (0.38%) BGP
14 9 (0.38%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 167 (7.06%) SQL Server
2 88 (3.72%) Data Warehouse
3 84 (3.55%) Power BI
4 64 (2.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 58 (2.45%) Big Data
6 55 (2.33%) MySQL
7 43 (1.82%) Oracle Reports
7 43 (1.82%) Relational Database
8 40 (1.69%) Oracle Database
9 35 (1.48%) MongoDB
10 33 (1.40%) NoSQL
11 31 (1.31%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 29 (1.23%) PostgreSQL
13 28 (1.18%) Redis
14 19 (0.80%) Hadoop
15 18 (0.76%) Data Lake
16 17 (0.72%) Data Mining
17 15 (0.63%) SQL Server 2014
18 14 (0.59%) RDBMS
19 12 (0.51%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 411 (17.38%) Selenium
2 343 (14.50%) JIRA
3 215 (9.09%) Jenkins
4 214 (9.05%) Git (software)
5 210 (8.88%) Cucumber
6 123 (5.20%) JMeter
7 102 (4.31%) SpecFlow
8 86 (3.64%) WebDriver
9 71 (3.00%) Gatling
10 70 (2.96%) SoapUI
11 66 (2.79%) Visual Studio Team System
12 61 (2.58%) Visual Studio
13 48 (2.03%) Team Foundation Server
14 46 (1.95%) TeamCity
15 38 (1.61%) JUnit
16 34 (1.44%) Maven
17 32 (1.35%) Protractor
18 28 (1.18%) MSI
19 27 (1.14%) Octopus Deploy
20 26 (1.10%) Bitbucket
General
1 459 (19.41%) Finance
2 135 (5.71%) Banking
3 103 (4.36%) Retail
4 97 (4.10%) Telecoms
5 95 (4.02%) Public Sector
6 76 (3.21%) Marketing
7 58 (2.45%) Manufacturing
8 54 (2.28%) Legal
9 29 (1.23%) Law
10 27 (1.14%) Investment Banking
10 27 (1.14%) Pharmaceutical
11 26 (1.10%) Front Office
12 23 (0.97%) Electronics
13 22 (0.93%) Games
14 19 (0.80%) Publishing
15 17 (0.72%) Retail Banking
16 14 (0.59%) Back Office
16 14 (0.59%) Financial Institution
17 13 (0.55%) German Language
18 12 (0.51%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 428 (18.10%) Analyst
1 428 (18.10%) Developer
2 235 (9.94%) Tester
3 170 (7.19%) Test Analyst
4 155 (6.55%) QA Engineer
5 121 (5.12%) QA Tester
6 109 (4.61%) Architect
7 105 (4.44%) Business Analyst
8 104 (4.40%) Test Engineer
9 101 (4.27%) QA Analyst
9 101 (4.27%) Test Manager
10 91 (3.85%) Project Manager
11 87 (3.68%) Automation Tester
12 67 (2.83%) .NET Developer
13 66 (2.79%) Consultant
14 61 (2.58%) Full Stack Developer
15 59 (2.49%) QA Test Analyst
15 59 (2.49%) Test Leader
16 55 (2.33%) C# Developer
17 51 (2.16%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 244 (10.32%) .NET
2 182 (7.70%) HTML
3 161 (6.81%) CSS
4 148 (6.26%) AngularJS
5 138 (5.84%) Web Services
6 121 (5.12%) Node.js
7 116 (4.90%) XML
8 94 (3.97%) REST
9 90 (3.81%) Gherkin
9 90 (3.81%) RESTful
10 88 (3.72%) ASP.NET
10 88 (3.72%) JSON
10 88 (3.72%) React
11 66 (2.79%) SOAP
12 61 (2.58%) Spring
13 59 (2.49%) .NET Framework
14 56 (2.37%) jQuery
15 47 (1.99%) HTML5
16 46 (1.95%) .NET Core
17 41 (1.73%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 215 (9.09%) Analytical Skills
2 161 (6.81%) User Experience
3 72 (3.04%) Mobile App
4 65 (2.75%) Self-Motivation
5 60 (2.54%) Management Information System
6 35 (1.48%) Greenfield Project
7 34 (1.44%) Data Centre
7 34 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
8 33 (1.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 29 (1.23%) Algorithms
10 28 (1.18%) Public Cloud
11 20 (0.85%) Blog
11 20 (0.85%) Cloud Native
11 20 (0.85%) Equities
12 19 (0.80%) Derivative
13 16 (0.68%) Data Structures
14 14 (0.59%) Client/Server
14 14 (0.59%) NHS
15 12 (0.51%) e-Learning
15 12 (0.51%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 226 (9.56%) Windows
2 153 (6.47%) Linux
3 78 (3.30%) Unix
4 76 (3.21%) Android
5 71 (3.00%) Apple iOS
6 58 (2.45%) Windows 10
7 46 (1.95%) Windows 7
8 39 (1.65%) Windows Server
9 18 (0.76%) Windows 8
10 13 (0.55%) Windows Server 2008
11 12 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
12 11 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 7 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
14 6 (0.25%) Solaris
14 6 (0.25%) VMS
15 5 (0.21%) CentOS
16 3 (0.13%) Mac OS
16 3 (0.13%) Mac OS X
17 2 (0.085%) Ubuntu
17 2 (0.085%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,080 (45.67%) Agile Software Development
2 788 (33.32%) Test Automation
3 412 (17.42%) Scrum
4 378 (15.98%) DevOps
5 296 (12.52%) BDD
6 258 (10.91%) TDD
7 242 (10.23%) Test Strategy
8 234 (9.89%) Project Management
9 216 (9.13%) Continuous Integration
10 211 (8.92%) Problem-Solving
11 208 (8.79%) SDLC
12 188 (7.95%) Analytics
13 183 (7.74%) User Acceptance Testing
14 172 (7.27%) Test Scripting
15 167 (7.06%) Business Intelligence
16 160 (6.77%) Regression Testing
17 159 (6.72%) Manual Testing
18 150 (6.34%) Microservices
19 149 (6.30%) Performance Testing
20 146 (6.17%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 414 (17.51%) Java
2 408 (17.25%) SQL
3 352 (14.88%) JavaScript
4 332 (14.04%) C#
5 173 (7.32%) Python
6 99 (4.19%) PowerShell
7 67 (2.83%) C
8 62 (2.62%) Ruby
9 52 (2.20%) Bash Shell
10 43 (1.82%) C++
11 38 (1.61%) Scala
12 37 (1.56%) TypeScript
13 35 (1.48%) PL/SQL
13 35 (1.48%) T-SQL
14 34 (1.44%) Java 8
15 33 (1.40%) VBA
16 31 (1.31%) PHP
17 23 (0.97%) Perl
18 21 (0.89%) R
19 17 (0.72%) ES6
Qualifications
1 211 (8.92%) Degree
2 201 (8.50%) Security Cleared
3 146 (6.17%) SC Cleared
4 124 (5.24%) ISTQB
5 96 (4.06%) ISEB
6 61 (2.58%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 48 (2.03%) Computer Science Degree
8 38 (1.61%) DV Cleared
9 34 (1.44%) BPSS Clearance
10 26 (1.10%) PMI Certification
10 26 (1.10%) PMP
11 25 (1.06%) Microsoft Certification
12 20 (0.85%) Master's Degree
13 18 (0.76%) ACCA
14 15 (0.63%) DBS Check
14 15 (0.63%) MCSE
15 14 (0.59%) CIMA
16 12 (0.51%) PRINCE2 Certification
17 11 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
17 11 (0.47%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 64 (2.71%) PMO
2 47 (1.99%) Data Quality
3 38 (1.61%) SLA
4 16 (0.68%) GDPR
5 9 (0.38%) ISO 9001
6 8 (0.34%) SEPA
7 6 (0.25%) Def Stans
7 6 (0.25%) MiFID
8 5 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 5 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 5 (0.21%) PSD2
8 5 (0.21%) WCAG
9 4 (0.17%) EMIR
9 4 (0.17%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.13%) GxP
10 3 (0.13%) ISO 20022
10 3 (0.13%) ISO 9000
11 2 (0.085%) ISO 13485
11 2 (0.085%) Section 508
System Software
1 147 (6.22%) Docker
2 52 (2.20%) Active Directory
3 34 (1.44%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (1.14%) Microsoft App-V
5 15 (0.63%) Firmware
5 15 (0.63%) Hyper-V
6 13 (0.55%) vSphere
7 12 (0.51%) XenApp
8 9 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
9 8 (0.34%) VMware Workstation
10 7 (0.30%) Virtual Servers
11 6 (0.25%) LXC
12 5 (0.21%) Virtual Desktop
13 2 (0.085%) OpenAM
13 2 (0.085%) XenDesktop
14 1 (0.042%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 1 (0.042%) HDFS
14 1 (0.042%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 1 (0.042%) Postfix
14 1 (0.042%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 67 (2.83%) Kubernetes
2 61 (2.58%) Terraform
3 53 (2.24%) Ansible
4 42 (1.78%) Puppet
5 31 (1.31%) SCCM
6 30 (1.27%) HP ALM
7 28 (1.18%) HP Quality Center
8 26 (1.10%) Opscode Chef
9 10 (0.42%) Salt
10 8 (0.34%) Control-M
11 7 (0.30%) Kibana
11 7 (0.30%) Packer
11 7 (0.30%) ThinApp
12 6 (0.25%) logstash
13 5 (0.21%) Docker Swarm
13 5 (0.21%) Nagios
13 5 (0.21%) Prometheus
13 5 (0.21%) WSUS
14 4 (0.17%) AppDNA
14 4 (0.17%) Grafana
Vendors
1 282 (11.92%) Microsoft
2 217 (9.18%) Oracle
3 98 (4.14%) SAP
4 77 (3.26%) Google
5 62 (2.62%) HP
5 62 (2.62%) Salesforce.com
6 54 (2.28%) VMware
7 38 (1.61%) Adobe
8 32 (1.35%) Citrix
9 31 (1.31%) Atlassian
9 31 (1.31%) Tableau
10 30 (1.27%) Cisco
11 24 (1.01%) hybris
12 21 (0.89%) Cypress Semiconductor
12 21 (0.89%) IBM
13 17 (0.72%) Workday
14 15 (0.63%) NetApp
14 15 (0.63%) TIBCO
15 13 (0.55%) Informatica
15 13 (0.55%) Splunk