Period
to 22 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 22 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 77 69 64
Rank change year-on-year -8 -5 +4
Contract jobs citing QA 1,925 3,226 3,255
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.91% 3.53% 3.55%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 28.58% 32.92% 27.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,209 2,223 2,284
England median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £625 £600 £615
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £430
% change year-on-year - +4.65% +3.61%
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 40 35
England median hourly rate £19.50 £36.75 £21.90
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -46.94% +67.81% -6.17%
10th Percentile £10.25 £10.75 £10.80
90th Percentile £53.75 £48.93 £49.35
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £36.00 £21.90
% change year-on-year -40.28% +64.38% -12.40%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 6,736 9,800 11,865
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 10.19% 10.73% 12.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,201 6,213 7,831
England median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £233 £258 £263
90th Percentile £638 £638 £638
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £445
% change year-on-year - +1.12% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 296 326 310
England median hourly rate £24.05 £20.25 £20.55
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.79% -1.48% -11.95%
10th Percentile £12.25 £11.00 £11.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £48.75 £53.88
UK median hourly rate £23.00 £20.25 £20.60
% change year-on-year +13.61% -1.72% -14.17%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in England

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in England

QA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 22 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -18 919 £500 +5.26% 302
South East +9 447 £400 -11.11% 191
North of England +1 243 £407 +1.63% 234
South West -12 122 £425 -2.86% 91
Midlands +4 117 £400 +0.63% 127
North West -19 104 £400 -1.23% 114
Yorkshire +16 76 £440 +10.00% 76
East of England -12 67 £400 - 70
East Midlands +44 65 £350 -12.50% 57
North East +15 65 £400 -3.03% 44
West Midlands -17 52 £450 +13.92% 70
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 22 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 893 (46.39%) Agile Software Development
2 580 (30.13%) Test Automation
3 370 (19.22%) Finance
4 335 (17.40%) SQL
5 332 (17.25%) Scrum
6 328 (17.04%) DevOps
7 326 (16.94%) Java
8 302 (15.69%) JIRA
9 300 (15.58%) Selenium
10 289 (15.01%) Azure
11 285 (14.81%) JavaScript
12 255 (13.25%) BDD
13 253 (13.14%) C#
14 229 (11.90%) Microsoft
15 222 (11.53%) Analytical Skills
16 207 (10.75%) .NET
17 201 (10.44%) Problem-Solving
18 195 (10.13%) TDD
19 190 (9.87%) Continuous Integration
20 184 (9.56%) Project Management
20 184 (9.56%) Jenkins
21 183 (9.51%) Git (software)
22 179 (9.30%) Cucumber
23 176 (9.14%) Security Cleared
24 175 (9.09%) AWS
24 175 (9.09%) SDLC
25 167 (8.68%) Oracle
25 167 (8.68%) Degree
26 161 (8.36%) Python
27 157 (8.16%) Windows

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 152 (7.90%) Confluence
2 62 (3.22%) SharePoint
3 25 (1.30%) CMS
4 19 (0.99%) Apache Spark
5 17 (0.88%) Elasticsearch
5 17 (0.88%) IIS
6 14 (0.73%) Apache
7 13 (0.68%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 13 (0.68%) Umbraco
8 12 (0.62%) JBoss
9 11 (0.57%) Tomcat
10 8 (0.42%) OpenStack
10 8 (0.42%) WebSphere
11 5 (0.26%) MS Exchange
11 5 (0.26%) OpenEdge
11 5 (0.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 5 (0.26%) Oracle Workflow
11 5 (0.26%) Red Hat Fuse
11 5 (0.26%) SAS
12 4 (0.21%) Drupal
Applications
1 92 (4.78%) Microsoft Excel
2 62 (3.22%) Microsoft Office
3 31 (1.61%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 31 (1.61%) Microsoft Project
4 21 (1.09%) MS Visio
5 20 (1.04%) Photoshop
6 10 (0.52%) Adobe Illustrator
7 9 (0.47%) Sketch
8 8 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
9 7 (0.36%) Zeplin
10 5 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 4 (0.21%) InVision
12 3 (0.16%) Adobe Captivate
13 2 (0.10%) Adobe XD
13 2 (0.10%) Lectora
14 1 (0.052%) Acrobat
14 1 (0.052%) InfoPath
14 1 (0.052%) Marvel
Business Applications
1 34 (1.77%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.52%) SAP Hybris
3 9 (0.47%) Magento
4 8 (0.42%) BusinessWorks
5 7 (0.36%) Oracle EBS
5 7 (0.36%) Oracle Retail
5 7 (0.36%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 6 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
6 6 (0.31%) Misys Opics
6 6 (0.31%) SAP S/4HANA
7 5 (0.26%) NetSuite
7 5 (0.26%) Shopify
7 5 (0.26%) thinkFolio
8 4 (0.21%) SimCorp Dimension
9 3 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
9 3 (0.16%) Oracle Financials
9 3 (0.16%) Oracle iProcurement
9 3 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
9 3 (0.16%) SAP ERP
10 2 (0.10%) Oracle Assets
Cloud Services
1 289 (15.01%) Azure
2 175 (9.09%) AWS
3 87 (4.52%) Power Platform
4 63 (3.27%) GitHub
5 54 (2.81%) SaaS
6 46 (2.39%) PaaS
7 45 (2.34%) Office 365
8 38 (1.97%) GCP
8 38 (1.97%) Serverless
9 31 (1.61%) Google Analytics
10 25 (1.30%) Dynamics 365
11 24 (1.25%) AWS CloudFormation
12 23 (1.19%) IaaS
13 20 (1.04%) BrowserStack
14 18 (0.94%) AWS Lambda
14 18 (0.94%) Cloud Computing
15 17 (0.88%) Azure Functions
16 15 (0.78%) Sauce Labs
17 13 (0.68%) Azure Data Factory
17 13 (0.68%) Data Lake Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 42 (2.18%) DNS
2 29 (1.51%) Internet
3 26 (1.35%) HTTP
3 26 (1.35%) WAN
4 25 (1.30%) TCP/IP
5 23 (1.19%) 4G
6 20 (1.04%) Firewall
6 20 (1.04%) VPN
7 19 (0.99%) Wireshark
8 16 (0.83%) LAN
9 15 (0.78%) Ethernet
10 12 (0.62%) WLAN
11 10 (0.52%) MPLS
11 10 (0.52%) Wireless
12 9 (0.47%) BGP
12 9 (0.47%) DHCP
12 9 (0.47%) EIGRP
12 9 (0.47%) Radio Access Network
12 9 (0.47%) SAN
13 8 (0.42%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 143 (7.43%) SQL Server
2 84 (4.36%) Power BI
3 68 (3.53%) Data Warehouse
4 60 (3.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 59 (3.06%) Big Data
6 52 (2.70%) Relational Database
7 38 (1.97%) MySQL
8 34 (1.77%) Oracle Database
9 32 (1.66%) NoSQL
10 26 (1.35%) MongoDB
10 26 (1.35%) Redis
11 25 (1.30%) Data Lake
11 25 (1.30%) Oracle Reports
11 25 (1.30%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 22 (1.14%) PostgreSQL
13 19 (0.99%) RDBMS
14 18 (0.94%) Data Mining
15 17 (0.88%) Hadoop
16 14 (0.73%) Blockchain
17 12 (0.62%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 302 (15.69%) JIRA
2 300 (15.58%) Selenium
3 184 (9.56%) Jenkins
4 183 (9.51%) Git (software)
5 179 (9.30%) Cucumber
6 90 (4.68%) SpecFlow
7 79 (4.10%) JMeter
8 66 (3.43%) WebDriver
9 62 (3.22%) Postman
10 54 (2.81%) Visual Studio
11 52 (2.70%) Gatling
12 51 (2.65%) SoapUI
13 43 (2.23%) Visual Studio Team System
14 33 (1.71%) TeamCity
15 32 (1.66%) JUnit
16 30 (1.56%) Team Foundation Server
17 29 (1.51%) Bitbucket
18 28 (1.45%) Octopus Deploy
19 25 (1.30%) REST Assured
20 23 (1.19%) Jasmine
General
1 370 (19.22%) Finance
2 104 (5.40%) Banking
3 102 (5.30%) Telecoms
4 93 (4.83%) Public Sector
5 77 (4.00%) Retail
6 70 (3.64%) Marketing
7 52 (2.70%) Manufacturing
8 40 (2.08%) Legal
9 26 (1.35%) Front Office
10 24 (1.25%) Games
11 22 (1.14%) Electronics
12 20 (1.04%) Law
12 20 (1.04%) Pharmaceutical
13 19 (0.99%) Investment Banking
14 18 (0.94%) Back Office
15 16 (0.83%) Retail Banking
16 15 (0.78%) Publishing
17 14 (0.73%) German Language
18 11 (0.57%) Financial Institution
19 7 (0.36%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 357 (18.55%) Developer
2 325 (16.88%) Analyst
3 172 (8.94%) Tester
4 129 (6.70%) QA Engineer
5 121 (6.29%) Test Analyst
6 85 (4.42%) Project Manager
6 85 (4.42%) QA Analyst
7 84 (4.36%) Test Engineer
8 83 (4.31%) QA Tester
9 82 (4.26%) Architect
10 81 (4.21%) Test Manager
11 77 (4.00%) Business Analyst
12 63 (3.27%) Automation Tester
13 61 (3.17%) Consultant
14 55 (2.86%) QA Test Analyst
15 51 (2.65%) DevOps Engineer
16 49 (2.55%) .NET Developer
17 48 (2.49%) Java Developer
18 43 (2.23%) C# Developer
18 43 (2.23%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 207 (10.75%) .NET
2 148 (7.69%) HTML
3 122 (6.34%) CSS
4 117 (6.08%) AngularJS
5 108 (5.61%) Web Services
6 105 (5.45%) XML
7 88 (4.57%) Node.js
8 85 (4.42%) React
9 82 (4.26%) RESTful
10 81 (4.21%) REST
11 77 (4.00%) JSON
12 72 (3.74%) Gherkin
13 69 (3.58%) ASP.NET
14 55 (2.86%) SOAP
15 44 (2.29%) .NET Framework
15 44 (2.29%) Spring
16 42 (2.18%) HTML5
17 34 (1.77%) Redux
18 32 (1.66%) ASP.NET Web API
19 30 (1.56%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 222 (11.53%) Analytical Skills
2 132 (6.86%) User Experience
3 67 (3.48%) Mobile App
4 51 (2.65%) Self-Motivation
5 45 (2.34%) Management Information System
6 34 (1.77%) Enterprise Software
7 30 (1.56%) Greenfield Project
7 30 (1.56%) Public Cloud
8 26 (1.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 25 (1.30%) Algorithms
10 24 (1.25%) Data Centre
11 18 (0.94%) Derivative
12 17 (0.88%) Virtual Team
13 16 (0.83%) Blog
14 15 (0.78%) Cloud Native
14 15 (0.78%) e-Learning
15 14 (0.73%) Equities
15 14 (0.73%) Wiki
16 13 (0.68%) Client/Server
17 12 (0.62%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 157 (8.16%) Windows
2 149 (7.74%) Linux
3 74 (3.84%) Apple iOS
4 69 (3.58%) Android
5 61 (3.17%) Unix
6 47 (2.44%) Windows 10
7 33 (1.71%) Windows Server
8 25 (1.30%) Windows 7
9 13 (0.68%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
11 7 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
12 6 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 6 (0.31%) VMS
12 6 (0.31%) Windows 8
13 4 (0.21%) CentOS
14 3 (0.16%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.10%) AIX
15 2 (0.10%) Embedded Linux
15 2 (0.10%) Solaris
15 2 (0.10%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 893 (46.39%) Agile Software Development
2 580 (30.13%) Test Automation
3 332 (17.25%) Scrum
4 328 (17.04%) DevOps
5 255 (13.25%) BDD
6 201 (10.44%) Problem-Solving
7 195 (10.13%) TDD
8 190 (9.87%) Continuous Integration
9 184 (9.56%) Project Management
10 175 (9.09%) SDLC
11 157 (8.16%) Analytics
12 150 (7.79%) Test Strategy
13 149 (7.74%) Business Intelligence
14 131 (6.81%) Test Scripting
15 118 (6.13%) Migration
16 117 (6.08%) Continuous Improvement
16 117 (6.08%) User Acceptance Testing
17 111 (5.77%) Manual Testing
18 109 (5.66%) QA Automation
19 108 (5.61%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 335 (17.40%) SQL
2 326 (16.94%) Java
3 285 (14.81%) JavaScript
4 253 (13.14%) C#
5 161 (8.36%) Python
6 85 (4.42%) PowerShell
7 64 (3.32%) C
8 56 (2.91%) Ruby
9 55 (2.86%) Bash Shell
10 41 (2.13%) TypeScript
11 34 (1.77%) C++
11 34 (1.77%) Scala
12 31 (1.61%) T-SQL
13 29 (1.51%) VBA
14 24 (1.25%) PL/SQL
15 23 (1.19%) Perl
16 20 (1.04%) Java 8
16 20 (1.04%) PHP
16 20 (1.04%) R
17 19 (0.99%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 176 (9.14%) Security Cleared
2 167 (8.68%) Degree
3 137 (7.12%) SC Cleared
4 99 (5.14%) ISTQB
5 85 (4.42%) ISEB
6 42 (2.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 28 (1.45%) BPSS Clearance
8 26 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
9 22 (1.14%) DV Cleared
9 22 (1.14%) PMP
10 20 (1.04%) PMI Certification
11 17 (0.88%) Master's Degree
12 15 (0.78%) Microsoft Certification
13 13 (0.68%) DBS Check
14 12 (0.62%) ACCA
15 11 (0.57%) Cisco Certification
15 11 (0.57%) PRINCE2 Certification
16 10 (0.52%) CCNA
16 10 (0.52%) ISEB Practitioner
17 9 (0.47%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (2.03%) PMO
2 36 (1.87%) Data Quality
3 30 (1.56%) SLA
4 18 (0.94%) GDPR
5 8 (0.42%) GxP
5 8 (0.42%) WCAG
6 6 (0.31%) ISO 9001
6 6 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.26%) Def Stans
7 5 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 5 (0.26%) MiFID
7 5 (0.26%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 4 (0.21%) EMIR
9 3 (0.16%) Government Security Classifications
9 3 (0.16%) NCSC
9 3 (0.16%) P3O
10 2 (0.10%) DO-178B
10 2 (0.10%) Section 508
10 2 (0.10%) Solvency II
System Software
1 114 (5.92%) Docker
2 30 (1.56%) Active Directory
3 26 (1.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (0.83%) Microsoft App-V
5 10 (0.52%) Firmware
6 8 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (0.42%) vSphere
7 7 (0.36%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.26%) XenApp
9 4 (0.21%) LXC
9 4 (0.21%) Virtual Desktop
9 4 (0.21%) VMware Workstation
10 2 (0.10%) HDFS
10 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 2 (0.10%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.10%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.052%) Oracle RAC
11 1 (0.052%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 63 (3.27%) Kubernetes
2 62 (3.22%) Ansible
3 59 (3.06%) Terraform
4 44 (2.29%) Puppet
5 26 (1.35%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (1.30%) HP ALM
6 25 (1.30%) SCCM
7 21 (1.09%) HP Quality Center
8 16 (0.83%) Docker Swarm
9 15 (0.78%) Salt
10 10 (0.52%) Packer
11 9 (0.47%) Nagios
12 8 (0.42%) AppDNA
12 8 (0.42%) Control-M
13 7 (0.36%) ThinApp
14 5 (0.26%) Kibana
14 5 (0.26%) Prometheus
15 4 (0.21%) Grafana
15 4 (0.21%) HP SiteScope
15 4 (0.21%) logstash
Vendors
1 229 (11.90%) Microsoft
2 167 (8.68%) Oracle
3 81 (4.21%) SAP
4 69 (3.58%) Google
5 50 (2.60%) HP
6 48 (2.49%) Salesforce.com
7 40 (2.08%) VMware
8 32 (1.66%) Adobe
9 30 (1.56%) Tableau
10 26 (1.35%) Citrix
10 26 (1.35%) hybris
11 25 (1.30%) Cisco
12 21 (1.09%) Atlassian
13 16 (0.83%) Samsung
14 15 (0.78%) Workday
15 14 (0.73%) Splunk
16 13 (0.68%) Informatica
16 13 (0.68%) Teradata
16 13 (0.68%) Xamarin
17 11 (0.57%) NetApp