Period
to 23 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 23 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
England > London
6 months to
23 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 218 227 304
Rank change year-on-year +9 +77 -155
Contract jobs citing GDPR 353 167 350
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.19% 1.02% 0.86%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 9.74% 9.09% 7.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 228 117 237
10th Percentile £363 £320 £333
25th Percentile £450 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% +10.53%
75th Percentile £650 £575 £600
90th Percentile £766 £675 £675
England median daily rate £520 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +4.00% - +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 1
10th Percentile £23.00 " "
25th Percentile £27.51 £26.25 £18.75
Median hourly rate £35.01 £27.50 £19.50
Median % change year-on-year +27.31% +41.03% -64.55%
75th Percentile £42.52 £28.75 £20.25
90th Percentile £47.02 " "
England median hourly rate £22.00 £27.50 £24.92
% change year-on-year -20.00% +10.35% -1.64%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 3,626 1,838 4,378
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 12.18% 11.25% 10.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,464 1,274 3,039
10th Percentile £325 £305 £305
25th Percentile £415 £406 £392
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £588
90th Percentile £700 £650 £675
England median daily rate £482 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +1.47% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 36 55
10th Percentile £14.40 £15.97 £12.50
25th Percentile £20.00 £20.75 £15.00
Median hourly rate £25.75 £31.83 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -19.10% +51.57% -16.00%
75th Percentile £37.56 £45.25 £27.88
90th Percentile £46.41 £54.88 £41.71
England median hourly rate £21.00 £24.00 £22.00
% change year-on-year -12.50% +9.09% +0.46%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in London

GDPR
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GDPR in London.

Daily rate trend for GDPR in London

GDPR
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GDPR in London over the 6 months to 23 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GDPR in London

GDPR
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GDPR in London.

Hourly rate trend for GDPR in London

GDPR
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GDPR in London over the 6 months to 23 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for GDPR in London

GDPR
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the London region over the 6 months to 23 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -6 46 £525 +6.33% 32
South London +38 14 £575 +96.58% 2
West London -2 8 £375 -16.67% 8
East London +1 2 £416 +10.80% 12
GDPR
England

For the 6 months to 23 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for GDPR.

1 126 (35.69%) Finance
2 116 (32.86%) Azure
3 97 (27.48%) Data Protection
3 97 (27.48%) Social Skills
4 82 (23.23%) Microsoft
5 81 (22.95%) Agile Software Development
6 76 (21.53%) AWS
7 71 (20.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 70 (19.83%) Information Security
9 67 (18.98%) Analytics
10 60 (17.00%) Legal
11 52 (14.73%) Data Management
11 52 (14.73%) Cybersecurity
12 51 (14.45%) SQL
13 50 (14.16%) NIST
14 48 (13.60%) Data Privacy
15 46 (13.03%) CISSP
16 45 (12.75%) TOGAF
17 43 (12.18%) Windows
18 42 (11.90%) Data Governance
19 41 (11.61%) Microsoft 365
19 41 (11.61%) Degree
20 40 (11.33%) Active Directory
21 39 (11.05%) Project Management
22 38 (10.76%) Risk Management
23 37 (10.48%) Stakeholder Management
23 37 (10.48%) Banking
23 37 (10.48%) ITIL
23 37 (10.48%) Data Modelling
23 37 (10.48%) PCI DSS

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (7.37%) Apache Spark
2 23 (6.52%) SharePoint
3 14 (3.97%) Confluence
4 5 (1.42%) Apache
4 5 (1.42%) CMS
5 4 (1.13%) Exchange Server 2013
5 4 (1.13%) WebSphere
6 3 (0.85%) Appian
7 2 (0.57%) Documentum
7 2 (0.57%) WordPress
8 1 (0.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 1 (0.28%) Exchange Server 2010
8 1 (0.28%) MS Exchange
8 1 (0.28%) OpenStack
8 1 (0.28%) Skype for Business
8 1 (0.28%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 14 (3.97%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (2.55%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (1.13%) Chatbot
3 4 (1.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (1.13%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.57%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.28%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 7 (1.98%) Adobe Campaign
2 5 (1.42%) Cloudability
2 5 (1.42%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.85%) Magento
3 3 (0.85%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.57%) SDL Web 8
4 2 (0.57%) Shopify
5 1 (0.28%) SAP HCM
5 1 (0.28%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.28%) SAP PM
5 1 (0.28%) Sentinel
5 1 (0.28%) Unica
5 1 (0.28%) Unit4 Business World
5 1 (0.28%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 116 (32.86%) Azure
2 76 (21.53%) AWS
3 41 (11.61%) Microsoft 365
4 33 (9.35%) SaaS
5 30 (8.50%) IaaS
6 28 (7.93%) Collibra
7 24 (6.80%) GCP
8 21 (5.95%) PaaS
9 17 (4.82%) Azure Active Directory
10 15 (4.25%) Cloud Computing
11 12 (3.40%) Power Platform
12 11 (3.12%) GitHub
13 10 (2.83%) AWS CloudFormation
14 7 (1.98%) Google Analytics
15 5 (1.42%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 4 (1.13%) Amazon S3
16 4 (1.13%) Azure Data Factory
16 4 (1.13%) Dynamics 365
16 4 (1.13%) Serverless
17 3 (0.85%) Azure Sentinel
Communications & Networking
1 18 (5.10%) Firewall
2 15 (4.25%) DNS
3 11 (3.12%) Internet
3 11 (3.12%) Network Security
4 10 (2.83%) SMS
5 9 (2.55%) DMARC
6 8 (2.27%) TCP/IP
7 7 (1.98%) Kerberos
8 6 (1.70%) Unified Communications
9 5 (1.42%) SMTP
10 3 (0.85%) Intranet
11 2 (0.57%) Bluetooth
11 2 (0.57%) Intrusion Detection
11 2 (0.57%) LAN
11 2 (0.57%) WAN
11 2 (0.57%) Wi-Fi
11 2 (0.57%) Wireless
11 2 (0.57%) WLAN
12 1 (0.28%) 3GPP
12 1 (0.28%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (4.82%) Data Warehouse
2 16 (4.53%) SQL Server
3 15 (4.25%) Metadata
4 12 (3.40%) Big Data
4 12 (3.40%) PostgreSQL
4 12 (3.40%) Power BI
5 11 (3.12%) Data Lake
5 11 (3.12%) IBM InfoSphere
6 8 (2.27%) MongoDB
7 7 (1.98%) Hadoop
8 6 (1.70%) Ataccama
8 6 (1.70%) HBase
8 6 (1.70%) MySQL
8 6 (1.70%) Redis
8 6 (1.70%) Relational Database
9 5 (1.42%) CockroachDB
9 5 (1.42%) NoSQL
10 4 (1.13%) SAP BW
10 4 (1.13%) SAP HANA
10 4 (1.13%) Spotfire
Development Applications
1 25 (7.08%) Git (software)
2 22 (6.23%) Subversion
3 18 (5.10%) JIRA
3 18 (5.10%) PowerDesigner
4 11 (3.12%) ERwin
5 8 (2.27%) TeamCity
6 7 (1.98%) Jenkins
7 6 (1.70%) MSI
7 6 (1.70%) Visual Studio Team System
8 5 (1.42%) Cucumber
8 5 (1.42%) Cypress.io
8 5 (1.42%) JUnit
8 5 (1.42%) Mockito
8 5 (1.42%) Selenium
8 5 (1.42%) Serena SBM
9 4 (1.13%) CircleCI
9 4 (1.13%) Gradle
9 4 (1.13%) Maven
9 4 (1.13%) Sonatype Nexus
9 4 (1.13%) Visual Studio
General
1 126 (35.69%) Finance
2 97 (27.48%) Social Skills
3 60 (17.00%) Legal
4 37 (10.48%) Banking
5 34 (9.63%) Marketing
6 33 (9.35%) Financial Institution
7 30 (8.50%) Analytical Skills
8 20 (5.67%) Influencing Skills
9 17 (4.82%) Law
10 15 (4.25%) Digital Economy
11 13 (3.68%) Presentation Skills
12 12 (3.40%) Retail
13 10 (2.83%) Billing
14 7 (1.98%) Manufacturing
14 7 (1.98%) Organisational Skills
15 6 (1.70%) Documentation Skills
15 6 (1.70%) Pharmaceutical
16 5 (1.42%) Games
17 4 (1.13%) Advertising
18 3 (0.85%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 73 (20.68%) Architect
2 53 (15.01%) Analyst
3 30 (8.50%) Consultant
4 23 (6.52%) Security Architect
5 20 (5.67%) Solutions Architect
6 19 (5.38%) Data Modeller
6 19 (5.38%) Project Manager
7 17 (4.82%) Business Analyst
8 16 (4.53%) Information Manager
9 15 (4.25%) Cloud Architect
9 15 (4.25%) Security Engineer
10 14 (3.97%) Azure Architect
11 13 (3.68%) Data Architect
12 12 (3.40%) Developer
13 11 (3.12%) Azure Engineer
13 11 (3.12%) Data Engineer
14 10 (2.83%) Data Protection Officer
14 10 (2.83%) Security Analyst
15 9 (2.55%) Data Analyst
15 9 (2.55%) Digital Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11 (3.12%) REST
2 10 (2.83%) Node.js
3 9 (2.55%) SOAP
4 8 (2.27%) RESTful
4 8 (2.27%) SAML
4 8 (2.27%) Velocity
5 7 (1.98%) LDAP
5 7 (1.98%) Spring
6 6 (1.70%) OAuth
7 5 (1.42%) HTML
8 4 (1.13%) Kafka
8 4 (1.13%) React
8 4 (1.13%) Web Services
9 3 (0.85%) Apache NiFi
9 3 (0.85%) OpenID
9 3 (0.85%) React Native
10 2 (0.57%) Apache Cordova
10 2 (0.57%) CSS
10 2 (0.57%) Ionic Framework
10 2 (0.57%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 33 (9.35%) Hedge funds
2 31 (8.78%) Management Information System
3 21 (5.95%) Virtual Team
4 18 (5.10%) Cloud Native
5 16 (4.53%) Data Protection Act
6 13 (3.68%) Mobile App
6 13 (3.68%) User Experience
7 9 (2.55%) Clustering
7 9 (2.55%) Replication
7 9 (2.55%) Taxonomies
8 8 (2.27%) Public Cloud
9 7 (1.98%) Data Centre
10 6 (1.70%) Analytical Mindset
10 6 (1.70%) Marketing Technology
10 6 (1.70%) Self-Motivation
11 5 (1.42%) Enterprise Software
11 5 (1.42%) Fixed Income
11 5 (1.42%) Hybrid Cloud
12 4 (1.13%) AS400
12 4 (1.13%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 43 (12.18%) Windows
2 20 (5.67%) Windows 10
3 18 (5.10%) Linux
4 10 (2.83%) Solaris
5 8 (2.27%) Windows Server
6 7 (1.98%) Windows Server 2012
7 5 (1.42%) Windows Server 2008
8 4 (1.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (1.13%) Unix
9 3 (0.85%) Android
9 3 (0.85%) CentOS
9 3 (0.85%) SUSE
9 3 (0.85%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.85%) Windows Server 2016
10 2 (0.57%) Apple iOS
10 2 (0.57%) Windows Server 2019
11 1 (0.28%) Oracle Linux
11 1 (0.28%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 97 (27.48%) Data Protection
2 81 (22.95%) Agile Software Development
3 70 (19.83%) Information Security
4 67 (18.98%) Analytics
5 52 (14.73%) Cybersecurity
5 52 (14.73%) Data Management
6 48 (13.60%) Data Privacy
7 45 (12.75%) TOGAF
8 42 (11.90%) Data Governance
9 39 (11.05%) Project Management
10 38 (10.76%) Risk Management
11 37 (10.48%) Data Modelling
11 37 (10.48%) ITIL
11 37 (10.48%) Stakeholder Management
12 33 (9.35%) Data Analysis
13 32 (9.07%) Data Security
14 31 (8.78%) DevOps
14 31 (8.78%) Enterprise Architecture
14 31 (8.78%) Migration
15 30 (8.50%) Security Architecture
Programming Languages
1 51 (14.45%) SQL
2 33 (9.35%) Python
3 29 (8.22%) PowerShell
4 20 (5.67%) Java
5 17 (4.82%) C
6 14 (3.97%) JavaScript
7 6 (1.70%) Perl
7 6 (1.70%) TypeScript
8 5 (1.42%) Bash Shell
8 5 (1.42%) ES6
8 5 (1.42%) Java 8
9 4 (1.13%) C#
9 4 (1.13%) VBA
10 3 (0.85%) C++
10 3 (0.85%) PL/SQL
10 3 (0.85%) T-SQL
11 2 (0.57%) Apple Swift
11 2 (0.57%) Kotlin
11 2 (0.57%) Objective-C
11 2 (0.57%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 46 (13.03%) CISSP
2 41 (11.61%) Degree
3 18 (5.10%) CISM
4 16 (4.53%) CRISC
5 14 (3.97%) FFIEC
5 14 (3.97%) Security Cleared
6 13 (3.68%) SC Cleared
7 12 (3.40%) CISA
8 7 (1.98%) Cisco Certification
8 7 (1.98%) SANS
9 6 (1.70%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 5 (1.42%) CSSLP
11 4 (1.13%) BPSS Clearance
11 4 (1.13%) CCSP
11 4 (1.13%) Computer Science Degree
11 4 (1.13%) GIAC
12 3 (0.85%) ITIL Certification
12 3 (0.85%) Master's Degree
13 2 (0.57%) ISEB
13 2 (0.57%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 71 (20.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 50 (14.16%) NIST
3 37 (10.48%) PCI DSS
4 31 (8.78%) Data Quality
5 22 (6.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 18 (5.10%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 16 (4.53%) Cyber Essentials
7 16 (4.53%) SLA
8 13 (3.68%) NIST 800
9 12 (3.40%) GRC
9 12 (3.40%) MiFID
10 10 (2.83%) HIPAA
11 6 (1.70%) Accessibility
11 6 (1.70%) SOC 2
12 5 (1.42%) GLBA
13 4 (1.13%) FedRAMP
13 4 (1.13%) QA
14 3 (0.85%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 2 (0.57%) IFRS
15 2 (0.57%) PMO
System Software
1 40 (11.33%) Active Directory
2 19 (5.38%) Docker
3 13 (3.68%) Microsoft App-V
3 13 (3.68%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (3.12%) VMware ESXi
5 5 (1.42%) vSphere
5 5 (1.42%) XenApp
5 5 (1.42%) XenDesktop
6 3 (0.85%) NFS
6 3 (0.85%) Veritas File System
7 2 (0.57%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.57%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 1 (0.28%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 23 (6.52%) Kubernetes
2 22 (6.23%) Microsoft Intune
3 17 (4.82%) Ansible
4 12 (3.40%) SCCM
5 11 (3.12%) Single Sign-On
6 8 (2.27%) EMC NetWorker
6 8 (2.27%) QRadar
6 8 (2.27%) Terraform
6 8 (2.27%) Tivoli
6 8 (2.27%) Tivoli Storage Manager
7 7 (1.98%) Control-M
8 6 (1.70%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 5 (1.42%) CASB
9 5 (1.42%) Opscode Chef
9 5 (1.42%) Puppet
10 4 (1.13%) Netcool
10 4 (1.13%) Red Hat Satellite
11 3 (0.85%) Icinga
12 2 (0.57%) Ambari
12 2 (0.57%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 82 (23.23%) Microsoft
2 24 (6.80%) IBM
3 18 (5.10%) BiZZdesign
3 18 (5.10%) VMware
4 17 (4.82%) Ivanti
5 16 (4.53%) Google
6 13 (3.68%) Oracle
7 12 (3.40%) Qualys
8 11 (3.12%) SAP
8 11 (3.12%) ServiceNow
9 9 (2.55%) Adobe
9 9 (2.55%) CyberArk
9 9 (2.55%) EMC
9 9 (2.55%) Informatica
10 8 (2.27%) Splunk
11 7 (1.98%) Alteryx
11 7 (1.98%) BMC
12 6 (1.70%) Red Hat
13 5 (1.42%) Citrix
13 5 (1.42%) Serena