Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
England > London
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 194 229 299
Rank change year-on-year +35 +70 -74
Contract jobs citing GDPR 517 153 298
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.42% 1.07% 0.82%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 11.58% 9.24% 7.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 341 109 205
10th Percentile £381 £319 £340
25th Percentile £495 £406 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £488 £500
Median % change year-on-year +12.82% -2.50% +2.56%
75th Percentile £650 £594 £575
90th Percentile £763 £675 £628
England median daily rate £530 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +6.00% +5.26% +4.40%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 4
10th Percentile £20.96 " £20.83
25th Percentile £22.41 " £23.95
Median hourly rate £24.82 - £27.82
75th Percentile £37.42 " £29.96
90th Percentile £44.98 " "
England median hourly rate £25.25 £26.96 £22.19
% change year-on-year -6.34% +21.48% -13.55%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 4,464 1,656 3,847
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 12.30% 11.53% 10.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,074 1,123 2,689
10th Percentile £330 £304 £300
25th Percentile £425 £400 £394
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £545 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year +9.00% +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £725 £675 £663
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 9 51
10th Percentile £16.54 £14.53 £12.00
25th Percentile £21.16 £17.96 £13.00
Median hourly rate £27.00 £22.00 £18.50
Median % change year-on-year +22.73% +18.92% -26.00%
75th Percentile £33.81 £28.99 £26.84
90th Percentile £48.96 £51.06 £38.75
England median hourly rate £20.15 £22.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year -10.46% +9.76% -5.79%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in London

GDPR
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GDPR in London.

Daily rate trend for GDPR in London

GDPR
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GDPR in London over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GDPR in London

GDPR
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GDPR in London.

Hourly rate trend for GDPR in London

GDPR
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GDPR in London over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for GDPR in London

GDPR
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the London region over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +6 91 £525 +18.71% 50
South London - 17 £575 - 8
West London -13 10 £593 +31.67% 11
East London -16 1 £350 -26.32% 8
GDPR
England

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for GDPR.

1 238 (46.03%) Finance
2 186 (35.98%) Social Skills
3 183 (35.40%) Data Protection
4 176 (34.04%) Azure
5 150 (29.01%) Legal
6 124 (23.98%) AWS
7 123 (23.79%) Agile Software Development
8 112 (21.66%) Financial Institution
9 109 (21.08%) Hedge funds
10 106 (20.50%) Microsoft
11 93 (17.99%) Information Security
12 82 (15.86%) Analytics
13 80 (15.47%) Cybersecurity
13 80 (15.47%) SQL
14 79 (15.28%) DevOps
15 77 (14.89%) ISO/IEC 27001
16 76 (14.70%) Data Management
17 70 (13.54%) Degree
18 69 (13.35%) Banking
19 63 (12.19%) AOP
19 63 (12.19%) Windows
20 62 (11.99%) Data Privacy
20 62 (11.99%) Analytical Skills
20 62 (11.99%) NIST
21 61 (11.80%) Active Directory
22 59 (11.41%) Stakeholder Management
22 59 (11.41%) Data Analysis
23 58 (11.22%) CISSP
24 56 (10.83%) GCP
25 55 (10.64%) Python

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (7.54%) Apache Spark
2 27 (5.22%) Confluence
3 19 (3.68%) SharePoint
4 11 (2.13%) Appian
5 8 (1.55%) Apache
6 5 (0.97%) Exchange Server 2013
7 4 (0.77%) OpenStack
8 3 (0.58%) CMS
8 3 (0.58%) Documentum
8 3 (0.58%) IIS
9 2 (0.39%) Jupyter
9 2 (0.39%) nginx
9 2 (0.39%) SAS
10 1 (0.19%) Camunda
10 1 (0.19%) Exchange Server 2010
10 1 (0.19%) MS Exchange
10 1 (0.19%) Skype for Business
10 1 (0.19%) WebSphere
10 1 (0.19%) WebSphere Application Server
10 1 (0.19%) WordPress
Applications
1 16 (3.09%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 15 (2.90%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (2.51%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.97%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.77%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.58%) SPSS
7 2 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.19%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 6 (1.16%) Cloudability
2 4 (0.77%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.77%) Sentinel
3 3 (0.58%) Magento
4 2 (0.39%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.39%) SAP PM
5 1 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.19%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.19%) PeopleSoft HCM
5 1 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.19%) Shopify
5 1 (0.19%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 176 (34.04%) Azure
2 124 (23.98%) AWS
3 56 (10.83%) GCP
4 50 (9.67%) Collibra
5 48 (9.28%) Microsoft 365
6 44 (8.51%) SaaS
7 38 (7.35%) PaaS
8 37 (7.16%) IaaS
9 31 (6.00%) Azure Active Directory
10 27 (5.22%) GitHub
11 21 (4.06%) Serverless
12 20 (3.87%) Power Platform
13 18 (3.48%) AWS CloudFormation
14 15 (2.90%) Cloud Computing
15 13 (2.51%) Amazon S3
16 12 (2.32%) AWS Lambda
17 9 (1.74%) Azure Sentinel
18 7 (1.35%) Amazon EC2
18 7 (1.35%) Amazon EMR
19 6 (1.16%) Smartsheet
Communications & Networking
1 22 (4.26%) Firewall
2 18 (3.48%) DNS
3 14 (2.71%) Internet
4 13 (2.51%) Network Security
5 12 (2.32%) TCP/IP
6 10 (1.93%) Kerberos
7 9 (1.74%) HTTP
7 9 (1.74%) Unified Communications
8 7 (1.35%) SMS
8 7 (1.35%) Wireless
9 6 (1.16%) VPN
10 5 (0.97%) Intranet
11 4 (0.77%) DMARC
11 4 (0.77%) ICMP
12 3 (0.58%) LAN
12 3 (0.58%) NAS
12 3 (0.58%) SAN
12 3 (0.58%) WAN
13 2 (0.39%) Bluetooth
13 2 (0.39%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 31 (6.00%) Data Warehouse
2 29 (5.61%) Big Data
3 28 (5.42%) Metadata
4 22 (4.26%) SQL Server
5 21 (4.06%) Data Lake
5 21 (4.06%) IBM InfoSphere
6 17 (3.29%) Hadoop
6 17 (3.29%) Power BI
7 16 (3.09%) Ataccama
8 12 (2.32%) BigQuery
9 11 (2.13%) MongoDB
9 11 (2.13%) Tableau
10 10 (1.93%) NoSQL
10 10 (1.93%) PostgreSQL
11 7 (1.35%) MySQL
12 6 (1.16%) DB2
12 6 (1.16%) Redis
12 6 (1.16%) Relational Database
13 5 (0.97%) Amazon Redshift
13 5 (0.97%) HBase
Development Applications
1 37 (7.16%) JIRA
2 35 (6.77%) Git (software)
3 30 (5.80%) Jenkins
4 27 (5.22%) ERwin
4 27 (5.22%) Subversion
5 23 (4.45%) PowerDesigner
6 13 (2.51%) Sonatype Nexus
7 8 (1.55%) Maven
7 8 (1.55%) TeamCity
8 7 (1.35%) GitLab
9 6 (1.16%) MSI
10 4 (0.77%) Serena SBM
10 4 (0.77%) SonarQube
11 3 (0.58%) Cucumber
11 3 (0.58%) git-flow
11 3 (0.58%) Protractor
11 3 (0.58%) Selenium
12 2 (0.39%) Bitbucket
12 2 (0.39%) Team Foundation Server
12 2 (0.39%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 238 (46.03%) Finance
2 186 (35.98%) Social Skills
3 150 (29.01%) Legal
4 112 (21.66%) Financial Institution
5 69 (13.35%) Banking
6 62 (11.99%) Analytical Skills
7 32 (6.19%) Marketing
8 29 (5.61%) Presentation Skills
9 24 (4.64%) Digital Economy
9 24 (4.64%) Influencing Skills
10 21 (4.06%) Retail
11 12 (2.32%) Public Sector
12 11 (2.13%) Billing
13 10 (1.93%) Organisational Skills
14 7 (1.35%) Documentation Skills
14 7 (1.35%) Law
15 5 (0.97%) Advertising
15 5 (0.97%) Back Office
15 5 (0.97%) Games
16 4 (0.77%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 118 (22.82%) Architect
2 77 (14.89%) Analyst
3 46 (8.90%) Consultant
4 25 (4.84%) Business Analyst
5 24 (4.64%) Azure Architect
5 24 (4.64%) Data Architect
5 24 (4.64%) Security Architect
6 23 (4.45%) Solutions Architect
7 22 (4.26%) Cloud Architect
8 21 (4.06%) Project Manager
8 21 (4.06%) Security Engineer
9 20 (3.87%) Azure Engineer
9 20 (3.87%) Data Modeller
10 18 (3.48%) Senior Architect
10 18 (3.48%) Service Analyst
11 17 (3.29%) Cloud Engineer
11 17 (3.29%) Security Consultant
12 16 (3.09%) Data Analyst
13 15 (2.90%) Developer
14 14 (2.71%) Security Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17 (3.29%) SAML
2 12 (2.32%) OAuth
3 11 (2.13%) HTML
3 11 (2.13%) REST
4 10 (1.93%) LDAP
4 10 (1.93%) RESTful
5 9 (1.74%) Node.js
5 9 (1.74%) Web Services
6 7 (1.35%) OpenID
6 7 (1.35%) Velocity
7 6 (1.16%) React
8 5 (0.97%) CSS
8 5 (0.97%) Kafka
8 5 (0.97%) Middleware
9 4 (0.77%) PySpark
9 4 (0.77%) SOAP
10 3 (0.58%) .NET
10 3 (0.58%) Gherkin
10 3 (0.58%) Spring
10 3 (0.58%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 109 (21.08%) Hedge funds
2 38 (7.35%) Taxonomies
3 30 (5.80%) Management Information System
4 23 (4.45%) Data Centre
4 23 (4.45%) Virtual Team
5 22 (4.26%) Cloud Native
6 18 (3.48%) Analytical Mindset
6 18 (3.48%) Hybrid Cloud
6 18 (3.48%) Public Cloud
7 17 (3.29%) Data Protection Act
8 16 (3.09%) Self-Motivation
9 15 (2.90%) Mobile App
10 12 (2.32%) Clustering
11 11 (2.13%) User Experience
12 10 (1.93%) Reference Data
13 7 (1.35%) CMDB
13 7 (1.35%) Enterprise Software
13 7 (1.35%) Fixed Income
13 7 (1.35%) Replication
14 6 (1.16%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 63 (12.19%) Windows
2 29 (5.61%) Linux
3 27 (5.22%) Windows 10
4 16 (3.09%) Windows Server
5 15 (2.90%) Windows Server 2012
6 10 (1.93%) Windows Server 2008
7 7 (1.35%) Windows Server 2016
8 6 (1.16%) Unix
8 6 (1.16%) Windows Server 2019
9 4 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 4 (0.77%) Solaris
9 4 (0.77%) Windows 7
10 2 (0.39%) Android
10 2 (0.39%) Apple iOS
10 2 (0.39%) CentOS
10 2 (0.39%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.39%) SUSE
10 2 (0.39%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.19%) VMS
11 1 (0.19%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 183 (35.40%) Data Protection
2 123 (23.79%) Agile Software Development
3 93 (17.99%) Information Security
4 82 (15.86%) Analytics
5 80 (15.47%) Cybersecurity
6 79 (15.28%) DevOps
7 76 (14.70%) Data Management
8 63 (12.19%) AOP
9 62 (11.99%) Data Privacy
10 59 (11.41%) Data Analysis
10 59 (11.41%) Stakeholder Management
11 52 (10.06%) TOGAF
12 51 (9.86%) Scrum
13 50 (9.67%) Data Modelling
13 50 (9.67%) Project Management
14 48 (9.28%) Data Governance
14 48 (9.28%) Data Security
14 48 (9.28%) Security Architecture
15 47 (9.09%) ITIL
15 47 (9.09%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 80 (15.47%) SQL
2 55 (10.64%) Python
3 34 (6.58%) PowerShell
4 29 (5.61%) Java
5 26 (5.03%) C
6 18 (3.48%) JavaScript
7 14 (2.71%) Bash Shell
8 9 (1.74%) C++
8 9 (1.74%) Groovy
9 7 (1.35%) C#
10 4 (0.77%) Perl
10 4 (0.77%) VBA
11 3 (0.58%) PL/SQL
11 3 (0.58%) Ruby
11 3 (0.58%) T-SQL
12 2 (0.39%) Apex Code
12 2 (0.39%) Apple Swift
12 2 (0.39%) Objective-C
12 2 (0.39%) PHP
12 2 (0.39%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 70 (13.54%) Degree
2 58 (11.22%) CISSP
3 32 (6.19%) CISM
4 20 (3.87%) CRISC
5 17 (3.29%) FFIEC
6 16 (3.09%) CISA
7 14 (2.71%) SANS
8 13 (2.51%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 13 (2.51%) Cisco Certification
8 13 (2.51%) Computer Science Degree
9 7 (1.35%) CSSLP
9 7 (1.35%) GIAC
9 7 (1.35%) PMI Certification
10 6 (1.16%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
11 5 (0.97%) CCSP
11 5 (0.97%) PMP
11 5 (0.97%) SC Cleared
11 5 (0.97%) Security Cleared
12 3 (0.58%) MBA
13 2 (0.39%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 77 (14.89%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 62 (11.99%) NIST
3 48 (9.28%) PCI DSS
4 44 (8.51%) Data Quality
5 30 (5.80%) MiFID
6 28 (5.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 25 (4.84%) SLA
8 18 (3.48%) NIST 800
9 17 (3.29%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 14 (2.71%) Cyber Essentials
11 13 (2.51%) GRC
12 12 (2.32%) COBIT
13 10 (1.93%) QA
14 8 (1.55%) GLBA
15 7 (1.35%) SOC 2
16 6 (1.16%) PMO
17 5 (0.97%) FedRAMP
17 5 (0.97%) HIPAA
17 5 (0.97%) NCSC
18 4 (0.77%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
System Software
1 61 (11.80%) Active Directory
2 40 (7.74%) Docker
3 16 (3.09%) Microsoft App-V
3 16 (3.09%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (2.13%) VMware ESXi
5 7 (1.35%) vSphere
6 6 (1.16%) XenApp
6 6 (1.16%) XenDesktop
7 4 (0.77%) KVM
8 3 (0.58%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.39%) DFS Replication
9 2 (0.39%) NFS
9 2 (0.39%) Veritas File System
9 2 (0.39%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 1 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 48 (9.28%) Kubernetes
2 43 (8.32%) Terraform
3 39 (7.54%) Ansible
4 24 (4.64%) Microsoft Intune
5 23 (4.45%) Single Sign-On
6 16 (3.09%) SCCM
7 12 (2.32%) Opscode Chef
7 12 (2.32%) QRadar
8 11 (2.13%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 8 (1.55%) EMC NetWorker
9 8 (1.55%) Puppet
9 8 (1.55%) Tivoli
9 8 (1.55%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 7 (1.35%) Control-M
11 5 (0.97%) Grafana
12 4 (0.77%) Microsoft Clustering
12 4 (0.77%) Netcool
13 3 (0.58%) CASB
13 3 (0.58%) Data Guard
13 3 (0.58%) Nessus
Vendors
1 106 (20.50%) Microsoft
2 32 (6.19%) IBM
3 31 (6.00%) Google
4 29 (5.61%) Informatica
5 24 (4.64%) BiZZdesign
6 20 (3.87%) Ivanti
6 20 (3.87%) Oracle
6 20 (3.87%) Splunk
7 19 (3.68%) VMware
8 16 (3.09%) Alteryx
8 16 (3.09%) Salesforce.com
9 15 (2.90%) Qualys
9 15 (2.90%) SAP
10 13 (2.51%) Databricks
11 12 (2.32%) ServiceNow
12 9 (1.74%) EMC
13 8 (1.55%) Citrix
13 8 (1.55%) CyberArk
14 7 (1.35%) AppDynamics
14 7 (1.35%) BMC