Period
to 27 May 2020

The median contractor rate for a Junior was £225 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 27 May 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Junior
UK > England
6 months to
27 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 332 435 410
Rank change year-on-year +103 -25 -41
Contract jobs requiring a Junior 297 444 534
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.70% 0.54% 0.58%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.75% 0.57% 0.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 198 277 334
Median daily rate £225 £250 £270
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -10.00% -7.41% +20.00%
10th Percentile £113 £131 £105
90th Percentile £388 £419 £388
UK median daily rate £225 £250 £275
% change year-on-year -10.00% -9.09% +22.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 39 35
Median hourly rate £13.80 £13.10 £13.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.34% +0.77% -18.75%
10th Percentile £10.70 £8.60 £8.60
90th Percentile £21.54 £27.32 £111.50
UK median hourly rate £13.90 £13.10 £14.50
% change year-on-year +6.11% -9.66% -9.38%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 39,538 78,404 87,320
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.80% 94.58% 94.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,271 52,128 57,793
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.65%
10th Percentile £251 £280 £273
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £465 £473 £450
% change year-on-year -1.59% +5.00% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,581 2,416 2,734
Median hourly rate £21.00 £19.50 £18.51
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.69% +5.33% -2.57%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £51.75 £50.96 £48.00
Median hourly rate £21.50 £19.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year +13.16% +5.56% -5.26%

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in England

Junior
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Junior in England.

Daily rate trend for Junior in England

Junior
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Junior in England over the 6 months to 27 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Junior in England

Junior
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Junior in England.

Hourly rate trend for Junior in England

Junior
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Junior in England over the 6 months to 27 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Junior in England

Junior
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the England region over the 6 months to 27 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +92 139 £228 -9.00% 37
South East +106 71 £200 -20.00% 42
South West +65 25 £284 -1.30% 15
Midlands +69 24 £225 -10.00% 24
North of England +76 22 £225 -21.05% 27
North West +52 16 £313 +47.25% 21
West Midlands +63 15 £200 -20.00% 14
East of England +43 14 £150 -14.29% 16
East Midlands +37 9 £290 +16.00% 10
Yorkshire +46 6 £158 -53.33% 5
Junior
UK

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 27 May 2020, Junior contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Junior in the job title.

1 56 (18.86%) SQL
2 42 (14.14%) Finance
3 41 (13.80%) Microsoft Office
4 40 (13.47%) JavaScript
4 40 (13.47%) Microsoft
5 39 (13.13%) Agile Software Development
6 35 (11.78%) Microsoft Excel
7 32 (10.77%) Windows
8 31 (10.44%) C#
8 31 (10.44%) HTML
9 30 (10.10%) Java
9 30 (10.10%) CSS
10 28 (9.43%) Degree
11 26 (8.75%) Analytical Skills
12 25 (8.42%) .NET
13 22 (7.41%) Project Management
13 22 (7.41%) Banking
14 21 (7.07%) Android
15 20 (6.73%) Azure
15 20 (6.73%) Python
16 19 (6.40%) Data Warehouse
17 18 (6.06%) VBA
17 18 (6.06%) Office 365
17 18 (6.06%) Windows 10
18 17 (5.72%) Security Cleared
19 16 (5.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
19 16 (5.39%) ITIL
19 16 (5.39%) User Experience
19 16 (5.39%) GCP
19 16 (5.39%) PMO

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (3.37%) SharePoint
2 6 (2.02%) CMS
3 5 (1.68%) Apache Spark
4 4 (1.35%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
4 4 (1.35%) Exchange Server 2010
4 4 (1.35%) MS Exchange
5 3 (1.01%) Confluence
5 3 (1.01%) Umbraco
6 2 (0.67%) Apache
6 2 (0.67%) ColdFusion
6 2 (0.67%) Tomcat
7 1 (0.34%) DataSynapse
7 1 (0.34%) SAS
7 1 (0.34%) WordPress
Applications
1 41 (13.80%) Microsoft Office
2 35 (11.78%) Microsoft Excel
3 16 (5.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (1.68%) InVision
4 5 (1.68%) Sketch
5 4 (1.35%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.67%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.67%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.67%) Zeplin
7 1 (0.34%) Adobe After Effects
7 1 (0.34%) EPLAN
7 1 (0.34%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 4 (1.35%) assyst
2 2 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.34%) Oracle EBS R12
3 1 (0.34%) Oracle Financials
3 1 (0.34%) Oracle Retail
3 1 (0.34%) SAP HR
3 1 (0.34%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.34%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.34%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 20 (6.73%) Azure
2 18 (6.06%) Office 365
3 16 (5.39%) GCP
4 11 (3.70%) AWS
5 5 (1.68%) Adobe Creative Cloud
5 5 (1.68%) Power Platform
6 4 (1.35%) G Suite
6 4 (1.35%) GitHub
7 3 (1.01%) Firebase
7 3 (1.01%) Google App Maker
8 2 (0.67%) Azure Data Factory
8 2 (0.67%) Logic Apps
9 1 (0.34%) Adobe Analytics
9 1 (0.34%) Amazon ELB
9 1 (0.34%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 1 (0.34%) Dynamics 365
9 1 (0.34%) Google Analytics
9 1 (0.34%) Route 53
9 1 (0.34%) Serverless
9 1 (0.34%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 11 (3.70%) Firewall
2 10 (3.37%) DNS
3 9 (3.03%) Wireless
4 8 (2.69%) DHCP
4 8 (2.69%) LAN
4 8 (2.69%) WAN
5 7 (2.36%) VPN
6 6 (2.02%) FTP
7 4 (1.35%) Cisco IOS
7 4 (1.35%) Cisco Nexus
7 4 (1.35%) Kerberos
7 4 (1.35%) Network Security
7 4 (1.35%) Remote Desktop
7 4 (1.35%) VoIP
7 4 (1.35%) Wireshark
8 3 (1.01%) Ethereal
8 3 (1.01%) Ethernet
8 3 (1.01%) Skype
8 3 (1.01%) Wi-Fi
8 3 (1.01%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (6.40%) Data Warehouse
2 14 (4.71%) SQL Server
3 12 (4.04%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 8 (2.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 7 (2.36%) OLAP
6 6 (2.02%) Big Data
7 5 (1.68%) Hadoop
7 5 (1.68%) Oracle Database
7 5 (1.68%) Oracle Database 11g
7 5 (1.68%) Power BI
8 4 (1.35%) MongoDB
8 4 (1.35%) MySQL
8 4 (1.35%) NoSQL
8 4 (1.35%) OLTP
9 3 (1.01%) BigQuery
9 3 (1.01%) PostgreSQL
9 3 (1.01%) Relational Database
10 2 (0.67%) Data Lake
10 2 (0.67%) Oracle Reports
10 2 (0.67%) Qlik Sense
Development Applications
1 12 (4.04%) JIRA
2 6 (2.02%) Git (software)
3 3 (1.01%) Jenkins
4 2 (0.67%) Dreamweaver
4 2 (0.67%) Subversion
4 2 (0.67%) Team Foundation Server
5 1 (0.34%) Axure RP
5 1 (0.34%) Bitbucket
5 1 (0.34%) Bugzilla
5 1 (0.34%) Cucumber
5 1 (0.34%) GitLab
5 1 (0.34%) JUnit
5 1 (0.34%) LabVIEW
5 1 (0.34%) MSBuild
5 1 (0.34%) RStudio
5 1 (0.34%) SonarQube
5 1 (0.34%) Sonatype Nexus
5 1 (0.34%) TeamCity
5 1 (0.34%) Visual Studio
5 1 (0.34%) Xdebug
General
1 42 (14.14%) Finance
2 22 (7.41%) Banking
3 10 (3.37%) Public Sector
4 9 (3.03%) Marketing
5 8 (2.69%) Front Office
5 8 (2.69%) Telecoms
6 7 (2.36%) Games
7 6 (2.02%) Retail
8 4 (1.35%) Investment Banking
8 4 (1.35%) Manufacturing
9 3 (1.01%) German Language
9 3 (1.01%) Law
9 3 (1.01%) Local Government
9 3 (1.01%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (0.67%) Advertising
10 2 (0.67%) Back Office
10 2 (0.67%) Electronics
10 2 (0.67%) Italian Language
10 2 (0.67%) Publishing
11 1 (0.34%) Legal
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 31 (10.44%) HTML
2 30 (10.10%) CSS
3 25 (8.42%) .NET
4 11 (3.70%) React
5 10 (3.37%) ASP.NET
6 7 (2.36%) AngularJS
6 7 (2.36%) Vue.js
7 6 (2.02%) CSS3
7 6 (2.02%) HTML5
8 5 (1.68%) Kafka
8 5 (1.68%) Node.js
9 4 (1.35%) Google Maps API
9 4 (1.35%) REST
9 4 (1.35%) Spring
9 4 (1.35%) Web Services
10 3 (1.01%) FIX Protocol
10 3 (1.01%) JSON
10 3 (1.01%) SOAP
10 3 (1.01%) XML
11 2 (0.67%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 26 (8.75%) Analytical Skills
2 16 (5.39%) User Experience
3 7 (2.36%) Algorithms
3 7 (2.36%) NHS
4 6 (2.02%) Blackberry
4 6 (2.02%) Self-Motivation
4 6 (2.02%) Social Media
5 5 (1.68%) Greenfield Project
5 5 (1.68%) Video Conferencing
6 4 (1.35%) Analytical Mindset
6 4 (1.35%) CCTV
6 4 (1.35%) iPhone
6 4 (1.35%) Smartphone
7 3 (1.01%) CMDB
7 3 (1.01%) Data Structures
7 3 (1.01%) Hedge funds
7 3 (1.01%) Virtual Team
8 2 (0.67%) Mobile App
9 1 (0.34%) Internet of Things
9 1 (0.34%) Learning Management System
Operating Systems
1 32 (10.77%) Windows
2 21 (7.07%) Android
3 18 (6.06%) Windows 10
4 15 (5.05%) Linux
5 13 (4.38%) Apple iOS
6 9 (3.03%) Windows 7
7 6 (2.02%) Mac OS
7 6 (2.02%) Unix
8 3 (1.01%) CatOS
8 3 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.34%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 39 (13.13%) Agile Software Development
2 22 (7.41%) Project Management
3 16 (5.39%) ITIL
3 16 (5.39%) Problem-Solving
4 15 (5.05%) Time Management
5 14 (4.71%) Computer Science
5 14 (4.71%) DevOps
6 13 (4.38%) Business Intelligence
6 13 (4.38%) Change Management
6 13 (4.38%) PRINCE2
6 13 (4.38%) Scrum
6 13 (4.38%) Web Development
7 12 (4.04%) Analytics
7 12 (4.04%) Business Analysis
8 10 (3.37%) CRM
8 10 (3.37%) Service Management
8 10 (3.37%) Stakeholder Management
9 9 (3.03%) Migration
10 8 (2.69%) Decision-Making
10 8 (2.69%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 56 (18.86%) SQL
2 40 (13.47%) JavaScript
3 31 (10.44%) C#
4 30 (10.10%) Java
5 20 (6.73%) Python
6 18 (6.06%) VBA
7 8 (2.69%) PHP
8 7 (2.36%) TypeScript
9 5 (1.68%) Shell Script
10 3 (1.01%) Apex Code
10 3 (1.01%) Go
10 3 (1.01%) Google Apps Script
10 3 (1.01%) PowerShell
10 3 (1.01%) Scala
11 2 (0.67%) Bash Shell
11 2 (0.67%) C
11 2 (0.67%) Java 8
12 1 (0.34%) C++
12 1 (0.34%) Delphi
12 1 (0.34%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 28 (9.43%) Degree
2 17 (5.72%) Security Cleared
3 13 (4.38%) SC Cleared
4 10 (3.37%) CCNA
4 10 (3.37%) Cisco Certification
5 7 (2.36%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (2.36%) ITIL Certification
6 4 (1.35%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (1.01%) CCNP
7 3 (1.01%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.67%) MCSE
8 2 (0.67%) PMP
9 1 (0.34%) APMP
9 1 (0.34%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.34%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.34%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 1 (0.34%) MCTS
9 1 (0.34%) PhD
9 1 (0.34%) PMI Certification
9 1 (0.34%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (5.39%) PMO
2 14 (4.71%) QA
3 3 (1.01%) SLA
4 2 (0.67%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.67%) WCAG
5 1 (0.34%) COBIT
5 1 (0.34%) P3O
System Software
1 13 (4.38%) Active Directory
2 6 (2.02%) Docker
3 4 (1.35%) Oracle Clusterware
3 4 (1.35%) Oracle RAC
4 1 (0.34%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 8 (2.69%) SCCM
2 7 (2.36%) Kubernetes
3 5 (1.68%) Ansible
4 4 (1.35%) AirWatch
4 4 (1.35%) Data Guard
4 4 (1.35%) Oracle RMAN
5 3 (1.01%) OpenView
5 3 (1.01%) Puppet
5 3 (1.01%) Terraform
6 2 (0.67%) Grafana
6 2 (0.67%) HP Quality Center
6 2 (0.67%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.67%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (0.34%) HP ALM
7 1 (0.34%) logstash
7 1 (0.34%) MOM
7 1 (0.34%) Oozie
7 1 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 40 (13.47%) Microsoft
2 15 (5.05%) Cisco
3 12 (4.04%) Google
3 12 (4.04%) Oracle
4 11 (3.70%) Adobe
5 9 (3.03%) ServiceNow
6 7 (2.36%) Cognos
6 7 (2.36%) Salesforce.com
7 5 (1.68%) Bloomberg
7 5 (1.68%) Citrix
7 5 (1.68%) SAP
8 4 (1.35%) Ivanti
8 4 (1.35%) Mapbox
8 4 (1.35%) Tableau
9 3 (1.01%) Red Hat
9 3 (1.01%) Reuters
10 2 (0.67%) CheckPoint
10 2 (0.67%) Databricks
10 2 (0.67%) HP
10 2 (0.67%) Murex