Period
to 24 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 24 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
24 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 5 6
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 11,815 13,132 10,864
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.39% 14.00% 12.57%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.67% 32.61% 30.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,222 9,504 7,608
England median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £375 £363 £325
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 83 105 127
England median hourly rate £43.50 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.82% +3.75% -
10th Percentile £26.65 £22.55 £24.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £60.00 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £41.20 £40.50
% change year-on-year +4.37% +1.73% +1.25%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 38,525 40,265 35,193
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 43.66% 42.94% 40.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 27,210 28,423 24,302
England median daily rate £483 £475 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.68% +8.57% +2.94%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £425
% change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 595 751 769
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £17.80 £17.43 £16.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +5.96%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 24 March 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 24 March 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 24 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 6,869 £550 - 1,216
South East -3 1,658 £475 +0.53% 374
North of England -3 1,366 £450 +5.88% 356
Midlands +6 771 £450 +5.88% 172
South West +1 666 £488 +8.33% 152
North West -4 622 £450 +5.88% 190
Yorkshire -2 580 £475 +11.76% 125
West Midlands +11 533 £450 +5.88% 89
East of England -2 455 £500 +11.11% 146
East Midlands +1 222 £475 +11.76% 83
North East +10 168 £450 +5.76% 41
South Coast -1 1 - -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 24 March 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 6,114 (51.75%) Agile Software Development
2 3,166 (26.80%) Spring
3 2,832 (23.97%) Microservices
4 2,784 (23.56%) TDD
5 2,694 (22.80%) JavaScript
6 2,654 (22.46%) Jenkins
7 2,581 (21.85%) Amazon AWS
8 2,519 (21.32%) DevOps
9 2,218 (18.77%) Test Automation
10 2,177 (18.43%) Python
11 2,175 (18.41%) Git (software)
12 2,158 (18.26%) SQL
13 2,126 (17.99%) Docker
14 2,097 (17.75%) Java 8
15 2,038 (17.25%) Finance
16 1,903 (16.11%) Linux
17 1,885 (15.95%) REST
18 1,882 (15.93%) Scrum
19 1,760 (14.90%) Continuous Integration
20 1,705 (14.43%) BDD
20 1,705 (14.43%) Web Services
21 1,649 (13.96%) Spring Boot
22 1,618 (13.69%) HTML
23 1,507 (12.75%) RESTful
24 1,465 (12.40%) Oracle
25 1,460 (12.36%) Maven
26 1,424 (12.05%) Banking
27 1,305 (11.05%) JIRA
28 1,273 (10.77%) AngularJS
29 1,271 (10.76%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 752 (6.36%) Confluence
2 568 (4.81%) Apache Spark
3 551 (4.66%) Apache
4 534 (4.52%) Tomcat
5 454 (3.84%) Elasticsearch
6 448 (3.79%) WebSphere
7 416 (3.52%) WebLogic
8 301 (2.55%) JBoss
9 189 (1.60%) nginx
10 184 (1.56%) CMS
11 182 (1.54%) Mule
12 171 (1.45%) Cloud Foundry
13 168 (1.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 156 (1.32%) OpenStack
15 109 (0.92%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 109 (0.92%) IIS
16 105 (0.89%) Jetty
17 95 (0.80%) Documentum
18 94 (0.80%) SharePoint
19 91 (0.77%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 113 (0.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 51 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
3 34 (0.29%) Photoshop
4 22 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
5 20 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
6 19 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 16 (0.14%) Chatbot
7 16 (0.14%) MS Visio
8 14 (0.12%) InVision
9 9 (0.076%) SPSS
10 8 (0.068%) Spreadsheet
11 5 (0.042%) Stata
12 2 (0.017%) 3ds Max
12 2 (0.017%) CATIA
12 2 (0.017%) HipChat
13 1 (0.008%) Blender
13 1 (0.008%) GIMP
13 1 (0.008%) GNU Octave
13 1 (0.008%) Maya
13 1 (0.008%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 43 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 40 (0.34%) ION MarketView
3 39 (0.33%) Endur
4 36 (0.30%) Oracle BPM
5 29 (0.25%) Maximo
6 28 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
7 22 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
8 20 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
9 18 (0.15%) SAP ERP
10 16 (0.14%) Magento
11 15 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
12 12 (0.10%) Oracle EBS R12
13 11 (0.093%) Oracle EBS
14 10 (0.085%) SAP FI-CA
15 9 (0.076%) Oracle Applications
15 9 (0.076%) Payment Gateway
15 9 (0.076%) R3 Corda
15 9 (0.076%) SAP PSCD
16 8 (0.068%) SAP GRC
16 8 (0.068%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 2,581 (21.85%) Amazon AWS
2 1,224 (10.36%) Microsoft Azure
3 487 (4.12%) Google Cloud Platform
4 436 (3.69%) GitHub
5 341 (2.89%) Amazon EC2
6 293 (2.48%) Serverless
7 240 (2.03%) AWS Lambda
7 240 (2.03%) PaaS
8 209 (1.77%) Amazon S3
9 200 (1.69%) OpenShift
10 179 (1.52%) AWS CloudFormation
11 160 (1.35%) SaaS
12 143 (1.21%) IaaS
13 128 (1.08%) Amazon SQS
14 123 (1.04%) Apigee
15 117 (0.99%) npm
16 101 (0.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 94 (0.80%) Cloud Computing
18 84 (0.71%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 70 (0.59%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 525 (4.44%) HTTP
2 283 (2.40%) TCP/IP
3 268 (2.27%) SSL
4 199 (1.68%) DNS
5 157 (1.33%) FTP
6 112 (0.95%) DHCP
6 112 (0.95%) Internet
7 98 (0.83%) IPsec
8 87 (0.74%) Firewall
9 71 (0.60%) Kerberos
10 53 (0.45%) VPN
11 29 (0.25%) SSH
12 25 (0.21%) Ethernet
12 25 (0.21%) WAN
13 24 (0.20%) SAN
13 24 (0.20%) Skype
13 24 (0.20%) SNMP
14 23 (0.19%) LAN
15 21 (0.18%) AMQP
16 20 (0.17%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,136 (9.61%) NoSQL
2 868 (7.35%) Big Data
3 842 (7.13%) MongoDB
4 774 (6.55%) Relational Database
5 711 (6.02%) Hadoop
6 673 (5.70%) MySQL
7 649 (5.49%) PostgreSQL
8 581 (4.92%) SQL Server
9 477 (4.04%) Apache Cassandra
10 299 (2.53%) RDBMS
11 249 (2.11%) HBase
12 223 (1.89%) Oracle Database
13 220 (1.86%) Apache Hive
14 170 (1.44%) Redis
15 154 (1.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 154 (1.30%) Amazon RDS
16 152 (1.29%) Data Warehouse
17 121 (1.02%) DB2
18 93 (0.79%) Amazon Redshift
18 93 (0.79%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 2,654 (22.46%) Jenkins
2 2,175 (18.41%) Git (software)
3 1,460 (12.36%) Maven
4 1,305 (11.05%) JIRA
5 1,194 (10.11%) Selenium
6 1,070 (9.06%) Cucumber
7 969 (8.20%) JUnit
8 465 (3.94%) Gradle
9 455 (3.85%) Subversion
10 403 (3.41%) Mockito
11 363 (3.07%) WebDriver
12 316 (2.67%) Bitbucket
13 309 (2.62%) SonarQube
14 281 (2.38%) JMeter
15 276 (2.34%) Eclipse
16 252 (2.13%) SoapUI
17 246 (2.08%) GitLab
18 237 (2.01%) Sonatype Nexus
19 224 (1.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 214 (1.81%) TeamCity
General
1 2,038 (17.25%) Finance
2 1,424 (12.05%) Banking
3 637 (5.39%) Front Office
4 373 (3.16%) Retail
5 314 (2.66%) Investment Banking
6 250 (2.12%) Marketing
7 229 (1.94%) Telecoms
8 135 (1.14%) Manufacturing
9 126 (1.07%) Electronics
10 107 (0.91%) Games
11 100 (0.85%) Back Office
12 96 (0.81%) Advertising
13 78 (0.66%) Financial Institution
14 62 (0.52%) Publishing
15 60 (0.51%) Legal
16 44 (0.37%) Law
17 42 (0.36%) Retail Banking
18 41 (0.35%) Aerospace
19 37 (0.31%) Automotive
20 33 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 6,964 (58.94%) Developer
2 4,475 (37.88%) Java Developer
3 1,020 (8.63%) Senior Developer
4 829 (7.02%) Architect
5 771 (6.53%) DevOps Engineer
6 710 (6.01%) Senior Java Developer
7 644 (5.45%) Full Stack Developer
8 534 (4.52%) Java Engineer
9 528 (4.47%) Tester
10 419 (3.55%) Analyst
11 396 (3.35%) AWS Developer
12 389 (3.29%) Software Engineer
13 368 (3.11%) Automation Tester
14 333 (2.82%) Agile Developer
15 282 (2.39%) AWS Engineer
16 261 (2.21%) Software Developer
17 246 (2.08%) Test Analyst
18 245 (2.07%) Consultant
18 245 (2.07%) React Developer
19 242 (2.05%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,166 (26.80%) Spring
2 1,885 (15.95%) REST
3 1,705 (14.43%) Web Services
4 1,649 (13.96%) Spring Boot
5 1,618 (13.69%) HTML
6 1,507 (12.75%) RESTful
7 1,273 (10.77%) AngularJS
8 1,271 (10.76%) Node.js
9 1,225 (10.37%) CSS
10 994 (8.41%) Kafka
11 985 (8.34%) JSON
12 935 (7.91%) J2EE
13 933 (7.90%) Hibernate
14 916 (7.75%) SOAP
15 864 (7.31%) XML
16 858 (7.26%) React
17 850 (7.19%) .NET
18 785 (6.64%) HTML5
19 482 (4.08%) Middleware
20 425 (3.60%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 879 (7.44%) Greenfield Project
2 509 (4.31%) Analytical Skills
3 378 (3.20%) User Experience
4 342 (2.89%) Fintech
5 333 (2.82%) Mobile App
6 270 (2.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 248 (2.10%) Algorithms
8 230 (1.95%) Fixed Income
9 216 (1.83%) Derivative
10 206 (1.74%) Data Structures
11 205 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
12 188 (1.59%) Self-Motivation
13 185 (1.57%) Equities
14 134 (1.13%) Data Centre
15 133 (1.13%) Virtual Team
16 118 (1.00%) Public Cloud
17 113 (0.96%) Linux Command Line
18 86 (0.73%) Cloud Native
19 76 (0.64%) Management Information System
20 74 (0.63%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,903 (16.11%) Linux
2 1,015 (8.59%) Unix
3 614 (5.20%) Windows
4 457 (3.87%) Android
5 252 (2.13%) Apple iOS
6 161 (1.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 86 (0.73%) Windows Server
8 79 (0.67%) CentOS
9 75 (0.63%) Mac OS X
10 66 (0.56%) Ubuntu
11 48 (0.41%) VMS
12 44 (0.37%) Solaris
13 41 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
14 22 (0.19%) AIX
15 21 (0.18%) Kali Linux
15 21 (0.18%) Windows 10
16 20 (0.17%) Mac OS
17 12 (0.10%) Oracle Linux
18 11 (0.093%) Windows Server 2008
19 10 (0.085%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,114 (51.75%) Agile Software Development
2 2,832 (23.97%) Microservices
3 2,784 (23.56%) TDD
4 2,519 (21.32%) DevOps
5 2,218 (18.77%) Test Automation
6 1,882 (15.93%) Scrum
7 1,760 (14.90%) Continuous Integration
8 1,705 (14.43%) BDD
9 1,134 (9.60%) Open Source
10 1,132 (9.58%) Software Engineering
11 939 (7.95%) OO
12 912 (7.72%) Problem-Solving
13 667 (5.65%) Multithreading
14 658 (5.57%) Kanban
15 646 (5.47%) Configuration Management
16 630 (5.33%) E-Commerce
17 624 (5.28%) SDLC
18 596 (5.04%) SOA
19 547 (4.63%) Continuous Delivery
20 532 (4.50%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 2,694 (22.80%) JavaScript
2 2,177 (18.43%) Python
3 2,158 (18.26%) SQL
4 2,097 (17.75%) Java 8
5 898 (7.60%) C#
6 893 (7.56%) Scala
7 615 (5.21%) C++
8 592 (5.01%) Ruby
9 455 (3.85%) Bash Shell
10 350 (2.96%) Shell Script
11 334 (2.83%) C
12 316 (2.67%) PHP
13 310 (2.62%) Groovy
14 280 (2.37%) Perl
15 270 (2.29%) Kotlin
16 240 (2.03%) Go
17 232 (1.96%) PL/SQL
18 216 (1.83%) TypeScript
19 205 (1.74%) ES6
20 192 (1.63%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,004 (8.50%) Security Cleared
2 729 (6.17%) SC Cleared
3 603 (5.10%) Degree
4 199 (1.68%) BPSS Clearance
5 192 (1.63%) Computer Science Degree
6 176 (1.49%) DV Cleared
7 150 (1.27%) ISTQB
8 119 (1.01%) ISEB
9 57 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 52 (0.44%) DBS Check
11 49 (0.41%) CISSP
12 42 (0.36%) Numerate Degree
13 38 (0.32%) AWS Certification
14 36 (0.30%) CTC Cleared
15 35 (0.30%) Master's Degree
16 31 (0.26%) Sun Certification
17 29 (0.25%) PhD
18 21 (0.18%) CISM
19 18 (0.15%) CISA
19 18 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 673 (5.70%) QA
2 54 (0.46%) Data Quality
3 40 (0.34%) GDPR
4 39 (0.33%) SLA
5 38 (0.32%) PSD2
6 37 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
7 36 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 33 (0.28%) PCI DSS
9 26 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 22 (0.19%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 21 (0.18%) HMG Infosec
11 21 (0.18%) JSP 440
12 18 (0.15%) PMO
13 13 (0.11%) MiFID
14 12 (0.10%) HL7
15 11 (0.093%) HIPAA
16 8 (0.068%) COBIT
16 8 (0.068%) ISAE 3402
16 8 (0.068%) ISO 22301
16 8 (0.068%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 2,126 (17.99%) Docker
2 201 (1.70%) VMware Infrastructure
3 154 (1.30%) HDFS
4 144 (1.22%) Virtual Machines
5 104 (0.88%) Active Directory
6 89 (0.75%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 79 (0.67%) vSphere
8 77 (0.65%) Xen
9 60 (0.51%) Apache Flume
10 57 (0.48%) OpenAM
11 32 (0.27%) OpenDJ
12 23 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
13 22 (0.19%) NFS
14 14 (0.12%) OpenIDM
14 14 (0.12%) Squid
15 13 (0.11%) KVM
16 12 (0.10%) VirtualBox
17 11 (0.093%) Firmware
18 9 (0.076%) Varnish
18 9 (0.076%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 1,155 (9.78%) Kubernetes
2 1,070 (9.06%) Ansible
3 786 (6.65%) Puppet
4 741 (6.27%) Terraform
5 543 (4.60%) Opscode Chef
6 158 (1.34%) Kibana
7 112 (0.95%) Hadoop YARN
8 95 (0.80%) logstash
9 91 (0.77%) Grafana
10 85 (0.72%) Packer
11 74 (0.63%) Single Sign-On
12 69 (0.58%) Docker Swarm
13 66 (0.56%) Mesos
14 59 (0.50%) Salt
15 46 (0.39%) Prometheus
16 45 (0.38%) Nagios
17 44 (0.37%) Rancher
18 42 (0.36%) ZABBIX
19 39 (0.33%) Consul
20 36 (0.30%) Oozie
Vendors
1 1,465 (12.40%) Oracle
2 576 (4.88%) Microsoft
3 553 (4.68%) Google
4 340 (2.88%) SAP
5 268 (2.27%) IBM
6 238 (2.01%) VMware
7 234 (1.98%) Splunk
8 211 (1.79%) MuleSoft
9 168 (1.42%) Atlassian
10 161 (1.36%) Red Hat
11 157 (1.33%) Adobe
12 149 (1.26%) hybris
13 145 (1.23%) Salesforce.com
14 121 (1.02%) webMethods
15 120 (1.02%) WSO2
16 98 (0.83%) Sybase
17 94 (0.80%) AppDynamics
18 87 (0.74%) Pega
19 84 (0.71%) Hortonworks
20 82 (0.69%) Cloudera