Period
to 22 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 22 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
22 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 6 6
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 12,599 10,806 11,769
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.69% 12.96% 12.12%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.59% 31.41% 31.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,988 7,542 8,339
England median daily rate £500 £475 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.15% +3.33%
10th Percentile £363 £330 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 85 118 162
England median hourly rate £42.50 £41.25 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +6.45% -3.13%
10th Percentile £21.25 £25.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £75.00 £64.88 £57.00
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £41.50 £38.75
% change year-on-year +1.20% +7.10% -3.13%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 39,889 34,405 37,567
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 43.33% 41.28% 38.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 28,053 23,735 26,015
England median daily rate £475 £440 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.95% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £420
% change year-on-year +8.82% +1.19% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 718 746 882
England median hourly rate £41.00 £41.50 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.20% +7.10% +10.71%
10th Percentile £17.48 £17.00 £14.26
90th Percentile £52.50 £54.38 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £41.38 £38.50
% change year-on-year -3.32% +7.47% +10.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 22 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 22 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 22 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 7,609 £550 +4.76% 1,845
South East +3 1,812 £450 - 571
North of England -1 1,516 £425 +1.19% 546
Yorkshire -3 726 £425 - 201
North West 0 670 £426 +0.18% 281
Midlands -1 649 £438 +4.17% 251
East of England -1 540 £475 +11.76% 270
South West -2 472 £443 +9.26% 225
West Midlands -1 359 £450 +5.88% 165
East Midlands +7 286 £425 +3.66% 86
North East -6 127 £400 +14.29% 64
South Coast -3 2 - -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 22 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 6,347 (50.38%) Agile Software Development
2 3,169 (25.15%) Spring
3 3,125 (24.80%) TDD
4 2,802 (22.24%) JavaScript
5 2,507 (19.90%) Jenkins
6 2,442 (19.38%) SQL
7 2,432 (19.30%) Finance
8 2,417 (19.18%) Git (software)
9 2,413 (19.15%) DevOps
10 2,398 (19.03%) Linux
11 2,343 (18.60%) Amazon AWS
12 2,335 (18.53%) Test Automation
13 2,247 (17.83%) Microservices
14 2,170 (17.22%) Scrum
15 2,143 (17.01%) Python
16 2,118 (16.81%) Web Services
17 2,113 (16.77%) Java 8
18 2,021 (16.04%) REST
19 1,934 (15.35%) Continuous Integration
20 1,799 (14.28%) BDD
21 1,716 (13.62%) Docker
22 1,644 (13.05%) RESTful
23 1,611 (12.79%) HTML
24 1,588 (12.60%) Banking
25 1,582 (12.56%) Oracle
26 1,525 (12.10%) Maven
27 1,438 (11.41%) AngularJS
28 1,374 (10.91%) Unix
29 1,345 (10.68%) Node.js
30 1,275 (10.12%) OO

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 768 (6.10%) Tomcat
2 705 (5.60%) Apache
3 694 (5.51%) Confluence
4 661 (5.25%) Apache Spark
5 569 (4.52%) WebSphere
6 469 (3.72%) Elasticsearch
7 405 (3.21%) JBoss
8 338 (2.68%) WebLogic
9 201 (1.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 199 (1.58%) Cloud Foundry
11 182 (1.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 177 (1.40%) CMS
13 176 (1.40%) Mule
14 144 (1.14%) Apache Solr
15 142 (1.13%) nginx
16 140 (1.11%) OpenStack
17 101 (0.80%) WebSphere Application Server
18 94 (0.75%) Apache Pig
19 83 (0.66%) IIS
19 83 (0.66%) Jetty
Applications
1 102 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 49 (0.39%) MS Visio
3 43 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
3 43 (0.34%) Photoshop
4 20 (0.16%) GIMP
5 12 (0.095%) Adobe Illustrator
6 10 (0.079%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 9 (0.071%) Chatbot
7 9 (0.071%) HipChat
7 9 (0.071%) SPSS
7 9 (0.071%) Stata
8 8 (0.063%) Microsoft Project
8 8 (0.063%) Spreadsheet
9 6 (0.048%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 6 (0.048%) CATIA
9 6 (0.048%) OmniGraffle
10 2 (0.016%) InVision
10 2 (0.016%) PTC Creo
10 2 (0.016%) Siemens NX
10 2 (0.016%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 73 (0.58%) ION MarketView
2 42 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
3 41 (0.33%) Oracle BPM
4 37 (0.29%) Magento
5 30 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
6 29 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
7 17 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
8 11 (0.087%) Distributed Ledger
8 11 (0.087%) Oracle EBS
9 10 (0.079%) R3 Corda
9 10 (0.079%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 9 (0.071%) Actimize
10 9 (0.071%) Oracle ERP
11 8 (0.063%) BusinessWare
11 8 (0.063%) Kondor
11 8 (0.063%) Maximo
12 7 (0.056%) Remedy ITSM
13 6 (0.048%) ENOVIA
13 6 (0.048%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
13 6 (0.048%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 2,343 (18.60%) Amazon AWS
2 812 (6.44%) Microsoft Azure
3 394 (3.13%) GitHub
4 314 (2.49%) Amazon EC2
5 291 (2.31%) PaaS
6 287 (2.28%) Amazon S3
7 270 (2.14%) Google Cloud Platform
8 229 (1.82%) Serverless
9 198 (1.57%) AWS Lambda
10 176 (1.40%) OpenShift
11 143 (1.14%) IaaS
12 136 (1.08%) SaaS
13 128 (1.02%) Cloud Computing
14 111 (0.88%) npm
15 110 (0.87%) AWS CloudFormation
16 107 (0.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 107 (0.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 89 (0.71%) Slack
18 68 (0.54%) Amazon SQS
18 68 (0.54%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 520 (4.13%) HTTP
2 275 (2.18%) TCP/IP
3 185 (1.47%) SSL
4 160 (1.27%) DNS
5 140 (1.11%) Internet
6 130 (1.03%) FTP
7 111 (0.88%) Firewall
8 97 (0.77%) SMS
9 78 (0.62%) Kerberos
10 62 (0.49%) DHCP
11 57 (0.45%) VPN
12 50 (0.40%) IPsec
13 37 (0.29%) SSH
14 29 (0.23%) PuTTY
15 25 (0.20%) SNMP
16 24 (0.19%) SMTP
17 22 (0.17%) BIG-IP
17 22 (0.17%) LAN
17 22 (0.17%) WAN
17 22 (0.17%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,234 (9.79%) NoSQL
2 995 (7.90%) Relational Database
3 994 (7.89%) Big Data
4 848 (6.73%) MongoDB
5 836 (6.64%) PostgreSQL
6 825 (6.55%) MySQL
7 805 (6.39%) Hadoop
8 753 (5.98%) SQL Server
9 430 (3.41%) Apache Cassandra
10 394 (3.13%) RDBMS
11 344 (2.73%) HBase
12 319 (2.53%) Oracle Database
13 312 (2.48%) Apache Hive
14 214 (1.70%) Redis
15 197 (1.56%) Data Warehouse
16 176 (1.40%) DB2
17 164 (1.30%) Amazon RDS
18 148 (1.17%) Amazon Redshift
19 139 (1.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 137 (1.09%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 2,507 (19.90%) Jenkins
2 2,417 (19.18%) Git (software)
3 1,525 (12.10%) Maven
4 1,248 (9.91%) JIRA
5 1,117 (8.87%) Selenium
6 1,047 (8.31%) JUnit
7 969 (7.69%) Cucumber
8 515 (4.09%) Gradle
9 478 (3.79%) Mockito
10 469 (3.72%) Subversion
11 359 (2.85%) Eclipse
12 276 (2.19%) WebDriver
13 259 (2.06%) Ant
13 259 (2.06%) SoapUI
13 259 (2.06%) SonarQube
14 251 (1.99%) TeamCity
15 219 (1.74%) Sonatype Nexus
16 211 (1.67%) IntelliJ
17 187 (1.48%) Bitbucket
18 186 (1.48%) Jasmine
General
1 2,432 (19.30%) Finance
2 1,588 (12.60%) Banking
3 635 (5.04%) Front Office
4 480 (3.81%) Investment Banking
5 449 (3.56%) Retail
6 268 (2.13%) Telecoms
7 218 (1.73%) Games
8 211 (1.67%) Marketing
9 122 (0.97%) Manufacturing
10 119 (0.94%) Financial Institution
11 106 (0.84%) Law
12 103 (0.82%) Electronics
13 94 (0.75%) Publishing
14 87 (0.69%) Retail Banking
15 82 (0.65%) Advertising
16 79 (0.63%) Back Office
17 58 (0.46%) Legal
18 33 (0.26%) Automotive
19 27 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
20 16 (0.13%) Military
Job Titles
1 7,553 (59.95%) Developer
2 4,968 (39.43%) Java Developer
3 1,245 (9.88%) Senior Developer
4 932 (7.40%) Senior Java Developer
5 869 (6.90%) Architect
6 754 (5.98%) DevOps Engineer
7 629 (4.99%) Java Engineer
8 499 (3.96%) Analyst
9 458 (3.64%) Software Engineer
10 433 (3.44%) Full Stack Developer
11 354 (2.81%) Tester
12 325 (2.58%) Agile Developer
13 324 (2.57%) AWS Engineer
14 314 (2.49%) Lead Developer
15 298 (2.37%) Solutions Architect
16 272 (2.16%) Consultant
16 272 (2.16%) Software Developer
17 271 (2.15%) JavaScript Developer
18 265 (2.10%) Agile Java Developer
19 257 (2.04%) Android Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,169 (25.15%) Spring
2 2,118 (16.81%) Web Services
3 2,021 (16.04%) REST
4 1,644 (13.05%) RESTful
5 1,611 (12.79%) HTML
6 1,438 (11.41%) AngularJS
7 1,345 (10.68%) Node.js
8 1,262 (10.02%) Spring Boot
9 1,223 (9.71%) CSS
10 1,222 (9.70%) Hibernate
11 1,160 (9.21%) XML
12 1,106 (8.78%) J2EE
13 1,077 (8.55%) JSON
14 1,074 (8.52%) SOAP
15 936 (7.43%) Kafka
16 825 (6.55%) .NET
17 746 (5.92%) React
18 742 (5.89%) HTML5
19 562 (4.46%) JMS
20 493 (3.91%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 774 (6.14%) Greenfield Project
2 668 (5.30%) Analytical Skills
3 467 (3.71%) Computer Science
4 429 (3.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 429 (3.41%) User Experience
5 399 (3.17%) Mobile App
6 271 (2.15%) Algorithms
7 269 (2.14%) Fintech
8 265 (2.10%) Enterprise Software
9 240 (1.90%) Derivative
10 216 (1.71%) Self-Motivation
11 197 (1.56%) Linux Command Line
12 192 (1.52%) Data Structures
13 186 (1.48%) Fixed Income
14 174 (1.38%) Equities
15 142 (1.13%) Public Cloud
16 134 (1.06%) Virtual Team
17 110 (0.87%) Data Centre
18 94 (0.75%) Hedge funds
19 93 (0.74%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 2,398 (19.03%) Linux
2 1,374 (10.91%) Unix
3 606 (4.81%) Windows
4 591 (4.69%) Android
5 365 (2.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 329 (2.61%) Apple iOS
7 163 (1.29%) CentOS
8 131 (1.04%) Windows Server
9 123 (0.98%) Mac OS X
10 100 (0.79%) Ubuntu
11 67 (0.53%) Solaris
12 61 (0.48%) AIX
13 49 (0.39%) VMS
14 40 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
15 26 (0.21%) Debian
16 23 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
17 21 (0.17%) Mac OS
18 20 (0.16%) HPUX
18 20 (0.16%) Windows 7
19 14 (0.11%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,347 (50.38%) Agile Software Development
2 3,125 (24.80%) TDD
3 2,413 (19.15%) DevOps
4 2,335 (18.53%) Test Automation
5 2,247 (17.83%) Microservices
6 2,170 (17.22%) Scrum
7 1,934 (15.35%) Continuous Integration
8 1,799 (14.28%) BDD
9 1,275 (10.12%) OO
10 1,231 (9.77%) Software Engineering
11 1,077 (8.55%) Open Source
12 922 (7.32%) Problem-Solving
13 907 (7.20%) E-Commerce
14 892 (7.08%) Kanban
15 772 (6.13%) MVC
16 697 (5.53%) Continuous Delivery
17 696 (5.52%) Multithreading
18 680 (5.40%) SDLC
19 634 (5.03%) Configuration Management
20 628 (4.98%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 2,802 (22.24%) JavaScript
2 2,442 (19.38%) SQL
3 2,143 (17.01%) Python
4 2,113 (16.77%) Java 8
5 1,207 (9.58%) Scala
6 974 (7.73%) C#
7 842 (6.68%) Ruby
8 685 (5.44%) C++
9 527 (4.18%) Groovy
10 517 (4.10%) Bash Shell
11 483 (3.83%) Perl
12 401 (3.18%) Shell Script
13 361 (2.87%) PHP
14 323 (2.56%) PL/SQL
15 317 (2.52%) C
16 244 (1.94%) Go
17 200 (1.59%) Kotlin
18 189 (1.50%) TypeScript
19 162 (1.29%) ES6
20 159 (1.26%) R
Qualifications
1 1,111 (8.82%) Security Cleared
2 807 (6.41%) SC Cleared
3 724 (5.75%) Degree
4 227 (1.80%) Computer Science Degree
5 164 (1.30%) DV Cleared
6 107 (0.85%) ISEB
7 94 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
8 93 (0.74%) Numerate Degree
9 91 (0.72%) ISTQB
10 73 (0.58%) Master's Degree
11 44 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 44 (0.35%) PhD
12 43 (0.34%) AWS Certification
13 29 (0.23%) ISEB Practitioner
14 26 (0.21%) TOGAF Certification
15 19 (0.15%) CISSP
16 15 (0.12%) GIAC
16 15 (0.12%) Sun Certification
17 14 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
18 13 (0.10%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 738 (5.86%) QA
2 101 (0.80%) GCP
3 66 (0.52%) Data Quality
4 64 (0.51%) GDPR
4 64 (0.51%) SLA
5 46 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
6 37 (0.29%) MiFID
7 31 (0.25%) PCI DSS
8 30 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 22 (0.17%) EMIR
10 21 (0.17%) PMO
11 17 (0.13%) SEPA
12 16 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
13 14 (0.11%) PSD2
14 11 (0.087%) ISO 9001
14 11 (0.087%) WCAG
15 8 (0.063%) CESG Infosec
15 8 (0.063%) GAAP
15 8 (0.063%) HMG Security Policy Framework
15 8 (0.063%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,716 (13.62%) Docker
2 202 (1.60%) HDFS
3 158 (1.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 137 (1.09%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 104 (0.83%) Active Directory
6 93 (0.74%) Virtual Machines
7 88 (0.70%) Apache Flume
8 74 (0.59%) vSphere
9 31 (0.25%) Xen
10 21 (0.17%) OpenAM
11 17 (0.13%) VirtualBox
12 13 (0.10%) KVM
13 12 (0.095%) vCloud
14 11 (0.087%) Hyper-V
14 11 (0.087%) Varnish
14 11 (0.087%) VMware ESXi
15 9 (0.071%) Virtual Servers
16 8 (0.063%) etcd
16 8 (0.063%) Oracle RAC
16 8 (0.063%) Squid
Systems Management
1 996 (7.91%) Ansible
2 853 (6.77%) Puppet
3 662 (5.25%) Kubernetes
4 603 (4.79%) Opscode Chef
5 535 (4.25%) Terraform
6 150 (1.19%) Kibana
7 142 (1.13%) Hadoop YARN
8 109 (0.87%) logstash
9 105 (0.83%) Grafana
10 100 (0.79%) Oozie
11 97 (0.77%) Mesos
11 97 (0.77%) Nagios
12 89 (0.71%) HP ALM
13 81 (0.64%) Salt
14 80 (0.63%) Consul
15 78 (0.62%) Packer
16 73 (0.58%) Docker Swarm
17 62 (0.49%) ZABBIX
18 58 (0.46%) Rancher
19 53 (0.42%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 1,582 (12.56%) Oracle
2 432 (3.43%) Microsoft
3 415 (3.29%) Google
4 387 (3.07%) IBM
5 345 (2.74%) Red Hat
6 277 (2.20%) Splunk
7 218 (1.73%) Adobe
8 215 (1.71%) VMware
9 192 (1.52%) Atlassian
10 187 (1.48%) SAP
11 170 (1.35%) MuleSoft
12 163 (1.29%) hybris
13 161 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
13 161 (1.28%) Sybase
14 147 (1.17%) Cloudera
15 142 (1.13%) TIBCO
16 136 (1.08%) AppDynamics
17 132 (1.05%) HP
18 128 (1.02%) Hortonworks
19 117 (0.93%) webMethods