Period
to 24 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 24 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
24 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 9 4
Rank change year-on-year +3 -5 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 4,212 8,140 13,528
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 13.75% 10.94% 14.34%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.32% 26.27% 31.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,259 5,721 9,715
Median daily rate £525 £538 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.33% +2.38% +5.00%
10th Percentile £360 £390 £375
90th Percentile £738 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £510
% change year-on-year - +2.94% +2.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 71 66 93
Median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% -11.11% +12.50%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £43.50
% change year-on-year -12.50% -8.05% +8.75%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 13,033 30,985 42,508
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.56% 41.65% 45.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,630 21,614 30,304
Median daily rate £488 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.63% +2.70%
10th Percentile £309 £325 £320
90th Percentile £688 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 373 615 616
Median hourly rate £36.00 £43.50 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.24% +3.57% +5.00%
10th Percentile £13.00 £17.50 £17.08
90th Percentile £58.74 £55.30 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.53
% change year-on-year -17.65% +2.34% +3.83%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 24 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 2,872 £563 -2.17% 818
North of England +2 448 £450 -5.26% 285
South East -6 231 £475 - 202
North West -1 209 £441 -7.16% 158
South West +4 200 £500 - 109
Midlands +5 195 £428 -7.96% 104
Yorkshire +5 179 £454 -4.37% 86
East of England +7 135 £474 -0.26% 89
West Midlands +4 126 £428 -9.89% 65
North East +12 60 £495 +4.49% 41
East Midlands +12 59 £423 -6.11% 39
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 24 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 1,985 (47.13%) Agile Software Development
2 1,274 (30.25%) AWS
3 1,200 (28.49%) Python
4 1,132 (26.88%) Finance
5 1,035 (24.57%) Spring
6 1,034 (24.55%) Microservices
7 1,020 (24.22%) JavaScript
8 954 (22.65%) SQL
9 945 (22.44%) DevOps
10 876 (20.80%) Jenkins
11 860 (20.42%) Banking
12 842 (19.99%) Web Services
13 807 (19.16%) Docker
14 802 (19.04%) Kubernetes
15 762 (18.09%) Software Engineering
16 758 (18.00%) Git (software)
17 752 (17.85%) TDD
18 722 (17.14%) Test Automation
19 688 (16.33%) Azure
20 685 (16.26%) Front Office
21 650 (15.43%) Linux
22 643 (15.27%) Spring Boot
23 603 (14.32%) React
24 577 (13.70%) Scrum
25 571 (13.56%) AngularJS
26 563 (13.37%) Security Cleared
27 562 (13.34%) REST
28 559 (13.27%) Oracle
29 548 (13.01%) Node.js
30 522 (12.39%) Fixed Income

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 286 (6.79%) Confluence
2 226 (5.37%) Apache
3 180 (4.27%) Mule
4 164 (3.89%) WebLogic
5 158 (3.75%) Apache Spark
6 155 (3.68%) Elasticsearch
7 111 (2.64%) Cloud Foundry
8 106 (2.52%) Red Hat Fuse
9 99 (2.35%) Tomcat
10 93 (2.21%) JBoss
11 73 (1.73%) WebSphere
12 66 (1.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 37 (0.88%) Oracle Service Bus
14 32 (0.76%) nginx
15 31 (0.74%) CMS
16 25 (0.59%) SharePoint
17 23 (0.55%) Apache Solr
17 23 (0.55%) IIS
18 21 (0.50%) Appian
19 18 (0.43%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 33 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
2 16 (0.38%) MS Visio
3 10 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
4 9 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
4 9 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
5 8 (0.19%) Chatbot
6 6 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 6 (0.14%) Sketch
7 4 (0.095%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.071%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.071%) Windchill
8 3 (0.071%) Zeplin
9 2 (0.047%) Adobe Premiere
9 2 (0.047%) InVision
9 2 (0.047%) SPSS
10 1 (0.024%) Autodesk Inventor
10 1 (0.024%) Blender
10 1 (0.024%) CATIA
10 1 (0.024%) RoboHelp
10 1 (0.024%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 25 (0.59%) ION MarketView
2 13 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.31%) Oracle BPM
2 13 (0.31%) SAP FI-CA
3 12 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
4 9 (0.21%) Magento
4 9 (0.21%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 7 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
6 6 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
6 6 (0.14%) Teamcenter
7 5 (0.12%) SAP CRM
7 5 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
8 4 (0.095%) assyst
8 4 (0.095%) ContrOCC
8 4 (0.095%) Oracle Applications
8 4 (0.095%) Oracle Payables
8 4 (0.095%) RMDS
8 4 (0.095%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 4 (0.095%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 3 (0.071%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,274 (30.25%) AWS
2 688 (16.33%) Azure
3 428 (10.16%) GCP
4 269 (6.39%) Serverless
5 238 (5.65%) GitHub
6 215 (5.10%) AWS Lambda
7 178 (4.23%) Amazon EC2
8 173 (4.11%) Amazon S3
9 149 (3.54%) Amazon ECS
10 143 (3.40%) OpenShift
11 118 (2.80%) Apigee
12 107 (2.54%) AWS CloudFormation
13 98 (2.33%) Slack
14 93 (2.21%) PaaS
15 65 (1.54%) IaaS
16 63 (1.50%) Amazon SQS
17 58 (1.38%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 53 (1.26%) npm
18 53 (1.26%) SaaS
19 48 (1.14%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 107 (2.54%) HTTP
2 48 (1.14%) DNS
3 47 (1.12%) TCP/IP
4 42 (1.00%) SSL
5 41 (0.97%) Firewall
6 32 (0.76%) Internet
7 15 (0.36%) VPN
8 14 (0.33%) FTP
8 14 (0.33%) HTTPS
9 13 (0.31%) Reverse Proxy
10 12 (0.28%) Wireless
11 11 (0.26%) Ethernet
11 11 (0.26%) Network Security
12 10 (0.24%) FIX Connectivity
13 9 (0.21%) SSH
14 8 (0.19%) WAN
15 7 (0.17%) CTI
15 7 (0.17%) Intranet
15 7 (0.17%) Softphone
16 6 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 311 (7.38%) MySQL
2 306 (7.26%) SQL Server
3 282 (6.70%) MongoDB
4 267 (6.34%) NoSQL
5 253 (6.01%) PostgreSQL
6 243 (5.77%) Relational Database
7 182 (4.32%) Big Data
8 142 (3.37%) Hadoop
9 100 (2.37%) Amazon Redshift
10 96 (2.28%) Amazon RDS
11 92 (2.18%) Data Warehouse
11 92 (2.18%) Oracle Database
12 91 (2.16%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 74 (1.76%) Apache Cassandra
14 63 (1.50%) RDBMS
15 50 (1.19%) Apache Ignite
16 48 (1.14%) Apache Hive
17 45 (1.07%) BigQuery
18 41 (0.97%) BusinessObjects
18 41 (0.97%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 876 (20.80%) Jenkins
2 758 (18.00%) Git (software)
3 468 (11.11%) JIRA
4 461 (10.94%) Maven
5 296 (7.03%) Selenium
6 286 (6.79%) Cucumber
7 237 (5.63%) JUnit
8 236 (5.60%) GitLab
9 141 (3.35%) Gradle
10 139 (3.30%) Artifactory
11 138 (3.28%) Sonatype Nexus
12 125 (2.97%) Subversion
13 123 (2.92%) Mockito
14 120 (2.85%) JMeter
15 87 (2.07%) SonarQube
16 78 (1.85%) gulp
17 76 (1.80%) SoapUI
18 72 (1.71%) Android Studio
19 64 (1.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 64 (1.52%) Bitbucket
General
1 1,132 (26.88%) Finance
2 860 (20.42%) Banking
3 685 (16.26%) Front Office
4 398 (9.45%) Investment Banking
5 309 (7.34%) Public Sector
6 86 (2.04%) Telecoms
7 83 (1.97%) Marketing
8 66 (1.57%) Manufacturing
9 56 (1.33%) Retail
10 55 (1.31%) Electronics
11 45 (1.07%) Back Office
12 40 (0.95%) Financial Institution
13 35 (0.83%) Games
14 29 (0.69%) Law
15 26 (0.62%) Retail Banking
16 22 (0.52%) Advertising
17 19 (0.45%) Aerospace
18 13 (0.31%) Military
19 12 (0.28%) French Language
20 9 (0.21%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,442 (57.98%) Developer
2 1,385 (32.88%) Java Developer
3 366 (8.69%) Software Engineer
4 344 (8.17%) Senior Developer
5 298 (7.08%) Architect
6 294 (6.98%) Java Engineer
7 246 (5.84%) Senior Java Developer
8 218 (5.18%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 212 (5.03%) DevOps Engineer
10 205 (4.87%) Full Stack Developer
11 204 (4.84%) AWS Developer
12 186 (4.42%) AWS Engineer
13 180 (4.27%) Python Developer
14 164 (3.89%) JavaScript Developer
15 132 (3.13%) Solutions Architect
16 127 (3.02%) Java Software Engineer
17 122 (2.90%) Python Engineer
18 111 (2.64%) Electronic Trading Developer
19 110 (2.61%) Front Office Developer
20 106 (2.52%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,035 (24.57%) Spring
2 842 (19.99%) Web Services
3 643 (15.27%) Spring Boot
4 603 (14.32%) React
5 571 (13.56%) AngularJS
6 562 (13.34%) REST
7 548 (13.01%) Node.js
8 407 (9.66%) HTML
9 334 (7.93%) JSON
10 333 (7.91%) Kafka
11 332 (7.88%) CSS
12 330 (7.83%) RESTful
13 314 (7.45%) XML
14 281 (6.67%) Middleware
15 278 (6.60%) SOAP
16 274 (6.51%) .NET
17 230 (5.46%) J2EE
18 202 (4.80%) HTML5
19 197 (4.68%) Vue.js
20 196 (4.65%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 522 (12.39%) Fixed Income
2 391 (9.28%) Derivative
3 350 (8.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 331 (7.86%) Equities
5 269 (6.39%) Hedge funds
6 220 (5.22%) User Experience
7 199 (4.72%) Mobile App
8 178 (4.23%) Analytical Skills
9 172 (4.08%) Greenfield Project
10 103 (2.45%) Enterprise Software
11 86 (2.04%) Data Structures
12 75 (1.78%) Algorithms
13 61 (1.45%) Self-Motivation
14 56 (1.33%) Public Cloud
15 47 (1.12%) Cloud Native
16 46 (1.09%) Credit Derivative
16 46 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
17 41 (0.97%) Blog
18 37 (0.88%) Management Information System
19 33 (0.78%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 650 (15.43%) Linux
2 373 (8.86%) Unix
3 220 (5.22%) Windows
4 198 (4.70%) Android
5 124 (2.94%) Apple iOS
6 60 (1.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 55 (1.31%) Mac OS X
8 22 (0.52%) CentOS
8 22 (0.52%) Windows Server
9 15 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
10 14 (0.33%) Ubuntu
11 12 (0.28%) Debian
12 11 (0.26%) Oracle Linux
13 7 (0.17%) Embedded Linux
14 6 (0.14%) AIX
14 6 (0.14%) Solaris
14 6 (0.14%) SUSE
14 6 (0.14%) zOS
15 5 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
16 4 (0.095%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,985 (47.13%) Agile Software Development
2 1,034 (24.55%) Microservices
3 945 (22.44%) DevOps
4 762 (18.09%) Software Engineering
5 752 (17.85%) TDD
6 722 (17.14%) Test Automation
7 577 (13.70%) Scrum
8 483 (11.47%) BDD
9 408 (9.69%) Continuous Integration
10 396 (9.40%) Asset Management
11 311 (7.38%) Investment Management
12 298 (7.08%) Open Source
13 295 (7.00%) OO
14 294 (6.98%) Multithreading
15 288 (6.84%) Problem-Solving
16 240 (5.70%) Continuous Delivery
17 237 (5.63%) SDLC
18 225 (5.34%) Kanban
19 209 (4.96%) Analytics
20 201 (4.77%) Electronic Trading
Programming Languages
1 1,200 (28.49%) Python
2 1,020 (24.22%) JavaScript
3 954 (22.65%) SQL
4 520 (12.35%) Java 8
5 402 (9.54%) Kotlin
6 360 (8.55%) C#
7 318 (7.55%) Scala
8 291 (6.91%) C++
9 184 (4.37%) TypeScript
10 159 (3.77%) Bash Shell
11 149 (3.54%) PL/SQL
12 148 (3.51%) Shell Script
13 117 (2.78%) Go
14 115 (2.73%) Perl
15 109 (2.59%) Ruby
16 108 (2.56%) C
17 106 (2.52%) R
18 96 (2.28%) PowerShell
19 85 (2.02%) PHP
20 82 (1.95%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 563 (13.37%) Security Cleared
2 422 (10.02%) SC Cleared
3 208 (4.94%) Degree
4 95 (2.26%) DV Cleared
5 81 (1.92%) Computer Science Degree
6 60 (1.42%) ISTQB
7 54 (1.28%) ISEB
8 46 (1.09%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 44 (1.04%) BPSS Clearance
10 29 (0.69%) Sun Certification
11 27 (0.64%) Numerate Degree
12 26 (0.62%) Master's Degree
13 22 (0.52%) AWS Certification
13 22 (0.52%) DBS Check
14 18 (0.43%) PhD
15 16 (0.38%) TOGAF Certification
16 10 (0.24%) CCA
17 8 (0.19%) ISEB Practitioner
17 8 (0.19%) OCPJP
18 7 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 257 (6.10%) QA
2 41 (0.97%) WCAG
3 24 (0.57%) Data Quality
4 20 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 15 (0.36%) GDPR
6 14 (0.33%) SLA
7 13 (0.31%) MiFID
8 12 (0.28%) NIST
9 11 (0.26%) PCI DSS
10 8 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 7 (0.17%) PMO
11 7 (0.17%) PSD2
12 4 (0.095%) ISO 9001
13 3 (0.071%) Cyber Essentials
13 3 (0.071%) Disclosure Scotland
13 3 (0.071%) GxP
13 3 (0.071%) HIPAA
13 3 (0.071%) ISO 20022
13 3 (0.071%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 3 (0.071%) SEPA
System Software
1 807 (19.16%) Docker
2 60 (1.42%) Active Directory
3 40 (0.95%) HDFS
4 30 (0.71%) Virtual Machines
5 21 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
6 15 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 10 (0.24%) Hyper-V
7 10 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
7 10 (0.24%) VMware Workstation
8 9 (0.21%) NFS
9 6 (0.14%) NDS
9 6 (0.14%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 5 (0.12%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 5 (0.12%) GeoWebCache
10 5 (0.12%) Postfix
11 4 (0.095%) vSphere
12 3 (0.071%) Ceph
12 3 (0.071%) Oracle RAC
13 2 (0.047%) Xen
13 2 (0.047%) zsh
Systems Management
1 802 (19.04%) Kubernetes
2 400 (9.50%) Terraform
3 260 (6.17%) Ansible
4 125 (2.97%) Puppet
5 79 (1.88%) Prometheus
6 57 (1.35%) Opscode Chef
7 55 (1.31%) Kibana
8 52 (1.23%) Grafana
9 35 (0.83%) Packer
10 30 (0.71%) Salt
11 28 (0.66%) logstash
12 27 (0.64%) HP ALM
13 23 (0.55%) Nagios
14 19 (0.45%) Single Sign-On
15 13 (0.31%) Argo
15 13 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
16 12 (0.28%) HP Fortify
17 11 (0.26%) Rancher
18 10 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
19 8 (0.19%) Consul
Vendors
1 559 (13.27%) Oracle
2 257 (6.10%) Google
3 179 (4.25%) Splunk
4 146 (3.47%) SAP
5 135 (3.21%) MuleSoft
6 131 (3.11%) Microsoft
7 117 (2.78%) AppDynamics
8 97 (2.30%) webMethods
9 79 (1.88%) Red Hat
10 70 (1.66%) Sybase
11 68 (1.61%) IBM
12 63 (1.50%) Atlassian
13 58 (1.38%) BEA
14 51 (1.21%) Bloomberg
15 47 (1.12%) Cloudera
16 46 (1.09%) ION Trading
16 46 (1.09%) TIBCO
17 43 (1.02%) Salesforce.com
18 42 (1.00%) HP
19 41 (0.97%) Informatica