Period
to 24 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 24 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 4 5
Rank change year-on-year -6 +1 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 7,078 12,750 13,077
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 10.78% 13.97% 14.12%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.25% 31.29% 33.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,889 8,881 9,553
England median daily rate £538 £525 £505
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +3.96% +6.32%
10th Percentile £381 £378 £362
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 70 89 113
England median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +12.50% +1.27%
10th Percentile £20.23 £26.65 £25.00
90th Percentile £53.00 £58.00 £63.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -22.22% +12.50% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,959 40,743 39,310
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.04% 44.63% 42.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,708 28,880 27,937
England median daily rate £485 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.04% +1.05% +11.76%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 531 614 717
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.38 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.28% +5.96% -
10th Percentile £17.00 £17.66 £16.82
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.19 £40.00
% change year-on-year +0.73% +5.48% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 24 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 4,212 £575 +4.55% 1,587
North of England -3 865 £475 +5.56% 432
South East -12 804 £475 - 434
South West -3 540 £500 +5.26% 225
North West -6 428 £475 +5.56% 210
Midlands -12 380 £455 +1.11% 258
Yorkshire -1 324 £475 +5.56% 181
West Midlands -6 284 £461 +2.50% 143
East of England -16 224 £450 -11.76% 177
North East +5 120 £434 +1.46% 41
East Midlands -23 96 £450 - 115
South Coast +4 4 - -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 24 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 3,507 (49.55%) Agile Software Development
2 1,778 (25.12%) Python
3 1,729 (24.43%) AWS
4 1,687 (23.83%) Microservices
5 1,609 (22.73%) Spring
6 1,590 (22.46%) JavaScript
7 1,531 (21.63%) DevOps
8 1,504 (21.25%) SQL
9 1,439 (20.33%) Finance
10 1,320 (18.65%) TDD
11 1,291 (18.24%) Docker
12 1,202 (16.98%) Jenkins
13 1,132 (15.99%) Web Services
14 1,120 (15.82%) Git (software)
15 1,109 (15.67%) Test Automation
16 1,074 (15.17%) Scrum
17 1,051 (14.85%) Linux
18 1,039 (14.68%) Software Engineering
19 935 (13.21%) Oracle
20 931 (13.15%) Security Cleared
21 929 (13.13%) Azure
22 896 (12.66%) AngularJS
23 885 (12.50%) Kubernetes
24 863 (12.19%) Continuous Integration
25 857 (12.11%) Java 8
26 833 (11.77%) Spring Boot
27 820 (11.59%) HTML
28 819 (11.57%) Banking
29 798 (11.27%) REST
30 787 (11.12%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 378 (5.34%) Confluence
2 295 (4.17%) Apache Spark
3 275 (3.89%) Apache
4 220 (3.11%) Tomcat
4 220 (3.11%) WebLogic
5 161 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
6 158 (2.23%) JBoss
7 126 (1.78%) WebSphere
8 80 (1.13%) nginx
9 77 (1.09%) CMS
10 70 (0.99%) Cloud Foundry
11 60 (0.85%) IIS
12 59 (0.83%) Red Hat Fuse
13 54 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 46 (0.65%) Jetty
15 44 (0.62%) SharePoint
16 43 (0.61%) MQSeries
17 39 (0.55%) OpenStack
18 38 (0.54%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 30 (0.42%) Mule
Applications
1 59 (0.83%) Photoshop
2 29 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
3 23 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
4 18 (0.25%) Sketch
5 17 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
6 15 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
6 15 (0.21%) GIMP
7 9 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 4 (0.057%) Acrobat
8 4 (0.057%) InDesign
8 4 (0.057%) MS Visio
8 4 (0.057%) Windchill
9 3 (0.042%) Chatbot
9 3 (0.042%) InVision
10 2 (0.028%) Zeplin
11 1 (0.014%) Simulink
11 1 (0.014%) SPSS
11 1 (0.014%) Weka
Business Applications
1 82 (1.16%) Dynamics CRM
2 45 (0.64%) FINCAD Analytics
3 40 (0.57%) Oracle EBS
4 32 (0.45%) Magento
5 23 (0.32%) BusinessWorks
6 20 (0.28%) Shopify
6 20 (0.28%) Siebel CRM
7 17 (0.24%) ION MarketView
7 17 (0.24%) Remedy ITSM
8 15 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
9 13 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 10 (0.14%) Finacle
10 10 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
10 10 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
11 9 (0.13%) NetSuite
12 8 (0.11%) assyst
12 8 (0.11%) Oracle AML
12 8 (0.11%) PolarLake
12 8 (0.11%) thinkFolio
13 7 (0.099%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 1,729 (24.43%) AWS
2 929 (13.13%) Azure
3 527 (7.45%) GCP
4 361 (5.10%) Serverless
5 286 (4.04%) GitHub
6 263 (3.72%) AWS Lambda
7 244 (3.45%) Amazon EC2
8 226 (3.19%) Amazon S3
9 210 (2.97%) OpenShift
10 196 (2.77%) Amazon SQS
11 146 (2.06%) AWS CloudFormation
12 140 (1.98%) PaaS
13 112 (1.58%) SaaS
14 110 (1.55%) Power Platform
15 105 (1.48%) Amazon ECS
16 80 (1.13%) Cloud Computing
17 57 (0.81%) IaaS
18 54 (0.76%) AWS Step Functions
19 51 (0.72%) npm
20 50 (0.71%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 253 (3.57%) HTTP
2 175 (2.47%) TCP/IP
3 116 (1.64%) SSL
4 95 (1.34%) DNS
5 72 (1.02%) Firewall
6 63 (0.89%) Internet
7 52 (0.73%) FTP
8 48 (0.68%) DHCP
9 41 (0.58%) Ethernet
10 32 (0.45%) IPsec
11 27 (0.38%) Multicast
12 26 (0.37%) Kerberos
13 25 (0.35%) HTTPS
14 21 (0.30%) SNMP
15 20 (0.28%) VPN
16 16 (0.23%) Network Security
17 15 (0.21%) WAN
17 15 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
18 13 (0.18%) IPv6
19 10 (0.14%) DMZ
Database & Business Intelligence
1 449 (6.34%) NoSQL
2 428 (6.05%) PostgreSQL
3 404 (5.71%) Big Data
4 399 (5.64%) SQL Server
5 397 (5.61%) Relational Database
6 383 (5.41%) MongoDB
7 316 (4.46%) Hadoop
8 311 (4.39%) MySQL
9 206 (2.91%) Amazon RDS
10 178 (2.51%) Oracle Database
10 178 (2.51%) RDBMS
11 140 (1.98%) Apache Cassandra
12 132 (1.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 131 (1.85%) Amazon Redshift
14 110 (1.55%) Power BI
15 106 (1.50%) Data Warehouse
16 104 (1.47%) Apache Hive
17 100 (1.41%) HBase
18 97 (1.37%) DB2
19 96 (1.36%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 1,202 (16.98%) Jenkins
2 1,120 (15.82%) Git (software)
3 726 (10.26%) JIRA
4 627 (8.86%) Maven
5 544 (7.69%) Selenium
6 501 (7.08%) JUnit
7 484 (6.84%) Cucumber
8 269 (3.80%) Mockito
9 222 (3.14%) Gradle
10 191 (2.70%) Bitbucket
11 184 (2.60%) SonarQube
12 167 (2.36%) Subversion
13 155 (2.19%) GitLab
14 145 (2.05%) Eclipse
15 139 (1.96%) TeamCity
16 121 (1.71%) WebDriver
17 119 (1.68%) Artifactory
18 103 (1.46%) SoapUI
19 95 (1.34%) Ant
19 95 (1.34%) JMeter
General
1 1,439 (20.33%) Finance
2 819 (11.57%) Banking
3 575 (8.12%) Front Office
4 425 (6.00%) Public Sector
5 266 (3.76%) Investment Banking
6 160 (2.26%) Retail
7 121 (1.71%) Marketing
8 110 (1.55%) Telecoms
9 81 (1.14%) Manufacturing
10 76 (1.07%) Games
11 52 (0.73%) Electronics
12 47 (0.66%) Retail Banking
13 46 (0.65%) Back Office
14 43 (0.61%) Financial Institution
14 43 (0.61%) Law
15 41 (0.58%) Aerospace
16 38 (0.54%) Legal
17 35 (0.49%) Military
18 34 (0.48%) Advertising
19 27 (0.38%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 4,032 (56.97%) Developer
2 2,301 (32.51%) Java Developer
3 557 (7.87%) Senior Developer
4 511 (7.22%) Architect
5 420 (5.93%) DevOps Engineer
6 418 (5.91%) Java Engineer
7 411 (5.81%) Software Engineer
8 370 (5.23%) Full Stack Developer
9 345 (4.87%) Senior Java Developer
10 285 (4.03%) AWS Developer
11 224 (3.16%) AWS Engineer
12 218 (3.08%) React Developer
13 196 (2.77%) Software Developer
14 193 (2.73%) Analyst
15 169 (2.39%) Consultant
16 165 (2.33%) Python Developer
17 162 (2.29%) Angular Developer
17 162 (2.29%) Data Engineer
17 162 (2.29%) Tester
18 161 (2.27%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,609 (22.73%) Spring
2 1,132 (15.99%) Web Services
3 896 (12.66%) AngularJS
4 833 (11.77%) Spring Boot
5 820 (11.59%) HTML
6 798 (11.27%) REST
7 787 (11.12%) Node.js
8 742 (10.48%) RESTful
9 672 (9.49%) CSS
10 655 (9.25%) React
11 629 (8.89%) .NET
12 573 (8.10%) Kafka
13 537 (7.59%) XML
14 515 (7.28%) J2EE
15 466 (6.58%) SOAP
16 455 (6.43%) JSON
17 403 (5.69%) Hibernate
18 305 (4.31%) HTML5
19 210 (2.97%) RabbitMQ
20 154 (2.18%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 494 (6.98%) Greenfield Project
2 354 (5.00%) Fixed Income
3 331 (4.68%) Analytical Skills
4 318 (4.49%) Derivative
5 279 (3.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 245 (3.46%) User Experience
7 215 (3.04%) Equities
8 183 (2.59%) Algorithms
9 175 (2.47%) Enterprise Software
10 166 (2.35%) Mobile App
11 155 (2.19%) Data Structures
12 132 (1.86%) Public Cloud
13 116 (1.64%) Hedge funds
14 91 (1.29%) Virtual Team
15 87 (1.23%) Equity Derivative
16 84 (1.19%) Self-Motivation
17 83 (1.17%) Linux Command Line
18 80 (1.13%) Cloud Native
19 72 (1.02%) Management Information System
20 70 (0.99%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 1,051 (14.85%) Linux
2 538 (7.60%) Unix
3 344 (4.86%) Windows
4 272 (3.84%) Android
5 125 (1.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 121 (1.71%) Apple iOS
7 77 (1.09%) Ubuntu
8 63 (0.89%) CentOS
9 57 (0.81%) Windows Server
10 42 (0.59%) Mac OS X
11 33 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
12 30 (0.42%) AIX
13 28 (0.40%) Mac OS
14 25 (0.35%) Debian
15 21 (0.30%) Solaris
16 14 (0.20%) Oracle Linux
17 13 (0.18%) VMS
17 13 (0.18%) Windows Server 2003
18 11 (0.16%) Windows XP
19 10 (0.14%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,507 (49.55%) Agile Software Development
2 1,687 (23.83%) Microservices
3 1,531 (21.63%) DevOps
4 1,320 (18.65%) TDD
5 1,109 (15.67%) Test Automation
6 1,074 (15.17%) Scrum
7 1,039 (14.68%) Software Engineering
8 863 (12.19%) Continuous Integration
9 699 (9.88%) BDD
10 586 (8.28%) Open Source
11 512 (7.23%) Problem-Solving
12 468 (6.61%) OO
13 425 (6.00%) Kanban
14 385 (5.44%) Analytics
15 384 (5.43%) Unit Testing
16 365 (5.16%) SDLC
17 351 (4.96%) Computer Science
18 345 (4.87%) Mentoring
19 315 (4.45%) Asset Management
20 311 (4.39%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 1,778 (25.12%) Python
2 1,590 (22.46%) JavaScript
3 1,504 (21.25%) SQL
4 857 (12.11%) Java 8
5 785 (11.09%) C#
6 576 (8.14%) C++
7 519 (7.33%) Scala
8 371 (5.24%) Ruby
9 318 (4.49%) Kotlin
10 253 (3.57%) Bash Shell
11 250 (3.53%) PL/SQL
12 228 (3.22%) Go
13 206 (2.91%) PHP
14 198 (2.80%) R
14 198 (2.80%) TypeScript
15 191 (2.70%) Shell Script
16 172 (2.43%) Groovy
17 170 (2.40%) C
18 157 (2.22%) Perl
19 144 (2.03%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 931 (13.15%) Security Cleared
2 709 (10.02%) SC Cleared
3 465 (6.57%) Degree
4 149 (2.11%) DV Cleared
5 147 (2.08%) Computer Science Degree
6 97 (1.37%) BPSS Clearance
7 82 (1.16%) ISTQB
8 76 (1.07%) ISEB
9 45 (0.64%) Master's Degree
10 35 (0.49%) DBS Check
11 34 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 33 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
13 30 (0.42%) PhD
14 28 (0.40%) AWS Certification
15 27 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
16 20 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
17 12 (0.17%) CCNA
17 12 (0.17%) ISEB Practitioner
17 12 (0.17%) MCITP
18 11 (0.16%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 317 (4.48%) QA
2 33 (0.47%) Data Quality
3 23 (0.32%) PCI DSS
4 22 (0.31%) GDPR
5 18 (0.25%) SLA
6 17 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 15 (0.21%) WCAG
8 13 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
9 10 (0.14%) PSD2
10 9 (0.13%) MiFID
11 6 (0.085%) HL7
11 6 (0.085%) NCSC
11 6 (0.085%) PMO
12 5 (0.071%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 5 (0.071%) NIST
12 5 (0.071%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 5 (0.071%) SEPA
13 4 (0.057%) COBIT
13 4 (0.057%) Government Security Classifications
14 3 (0.042%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 1,291 (18.24%) Docker
2 83 (1.17%) VMware Infrastructure
3 66 (0.93%) Active Directory
4 65 (0.92%) HDFS
5 54 (0.76%) Postfix
6 43 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
7 36 (0.51%) vSphere
8 24 (0.34%) Xen
9 16 (0.23%) Hyper-V
10 15 (0.21%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
11 11 (0.16%) OpenAM
11 11 (0.16%) OpenDJ
12 8 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
13 7 (0.099%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 6 (0.085%) Apache Flume
14 6 (0.085%) Firmware
14 6 (0.085%) GridGain
14 6 (0.085%) LXC
14 6 (0.085%) NFS
14 6 (0.085%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 885 (12.50%) Kubernetes
2 508 (7.18%) Ansible
3 507 (7.16%) Terraform
4 311 (4.39%) Puppet
5 244 (3.45%) Opscode Chef
6 80 (1.13%) Grafana
7 60 (0.85%) Kibana
8 57 (0.81%) Prometheus
9 54 (0.76%) Nagios
10 49 (0.69%) Packer
11 47 (0.66%) Hadoop YARN
12 35 (0.49%) Salt
13 31 (0.44%) logstash
14 28 (0.40%) SCCM
15 27 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
16 25 (0.35%) Amdocs OSS
17 23 (0.32%) Istio
18 20 (0.28%) Docker Swarm
18 20 (0.28%) Tivoli
19 17 (0.24%) Netcool
Vendors
1 935 (13.21%) Oracle
2 388 (5.48%) Microsoft
3 358 (5.06%) Google
4 164 (2.32%) IBM
5 160 (2.26%) SAP
6 156 (2.20%) Red Hat
7 143 (2.02%) Salesforce.com
8 140 (1.98%) MuleSoft
9 121 (1.71%) Splunk
10 111 (1.57%) Sybase
11 109 (1.54%) webMethods
12 108 (1.53%) VMware
13 84 (1.19%) Atlassian
14 83 (1.17%) Adobe
15 72 (1.02%) Cloudera
16 67 (0.95%) hybris
17 63 (0.89%) BEA
18 57 (0.81%) Cisco
19 53 (0.75%) Axway
20 52 (0.73%) Informatica