Period
to 17 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 17 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 11 7 11
Rank change year-on-year -4 +4 -6
Contract jobs citing Java 7,370 4,241 7,112
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 10.69% 12.80% 10.72%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.50% 30.41% 26.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,454 3,095 5,016
10th Percentile £413 £360 £381
25th Percentile £495 £431 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £580 £525 £538
Median % change year-on-year +10.48% -2.33% +2.38%
75th Percentile £688 £638 £625
90th Percentile £775 £713 £700
UK median daily rate £575 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +9.52% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 72 40 43
10th Percentile £33.36 £40.00 £16.00
25th Percentile £49.75 £41.88 £24.63
Median hourly rate £62.00 £50.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +24.00% +11.11% -
75th Percentile £71.63 £58.50 £50.13
90th Percentile £78.59 £61.53 £53.28
UK median hourly rate £61.50 £46.21 £44.98
% change year-on-year +33.08% +2.74% +3.40%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,802 13,947 27,287
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 38.87% 42.10% 41.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,813 9,912 19,319
10th Percentile £363 £313 £325
25th Percentile £443 £388 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £483 £488
Median % change year-on-year +13.99% -1.03% +2.63%
75th Percentile £650 £588 £575
90th Percentile £738 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £535 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +12.63% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 387 331 493
10th Percentile £19.52 £13.00 £16.50
25th Percentile £32.75 £23.88 £23.63
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £44.00
Median % change year-on-year +15.29% -3.41% +3.53%
75th Percentile £60.75 £50.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £71.50 £58.75 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £43.50
% change year-on-year +15.29% -2.30% +3.11%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 17 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 4,923 £615 +9.33% 1,283
North of England -5 557 £520 +11.83% 321
South East -5 450 £525 +10.53% 231
South West -1 352 £516 +7.50% 157
North West +3 346 £500 +11.11% 164
Midlands -9 314 £500 +21.21% 185
West Midlands -12 244 £500 +17.65% 133
East of England -8 204 £548 +9.50% 103
Yorkshire -15 180 £542 +19.32% 107
East Midlands -18 66 £498 +25.55% 49
North East -8 40 £500 - 50
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 17 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 3,188 (43.26%) Agile Software Development
2 2,014 (27.33%) Microservices
3 1,900 (25.78%) AWS
4 1,801 (24.44%) DevOps
5 1,760 (23.88%) Spring
6 1,740 (23.61%) Python
7 1,559 (21.15%) Finance
8 1,543 (20.94%) JavaScript
9 1,536 (20.84%) SQL
10 1,453 (19.72%) Jenkins
11 1,449 (19.66%) Kubernetes
12 1,430 (19.40%) Docker
13 1,360 (18.45%) Software Engineering
14 1,351 (18.33%) Azure
15 1,269 (17.22%) Social Skills
16 1,255 (17.03%) Spring Boot
17 1,221 (16.57%) TDD
18 1,205 (16.35%) Test Automation
19 1,161 (15.75%) Git (software)
19 1,161 (15.75%) Linux
20 1,159 (15.73%) Banking
21 933 (12.66%) Oracle
22 932 (12.65%) Scrum
23 908 (12.32%) REST
24 903 (12.25%) Kafka
25 868 (11.78%) C#
26 814 (11.04%) Security Cleared
27 785 (10.65%) React
28 767 (10.41%) JIRA
29 753 (10.22%) Maven

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 426 (5.78%) Confluence
2 330 (4.48%) Apache Spark
3 245 (3.32%) Apache
4 179 (2.43%) Tomcat
5 155 (2.10%) Elasticsearch
6 148 (2.01%) WebLogic
7 128 (1.74%) JBoss
8 89 (1.21%) WebSphere
9 69 (0.94%) Red Hat Fuse
10 68 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
11 67 (0.91%) Mule
12 56 (0.76%) Apache Airflow
12 56 (0.76%) CMS
13 50 (0.68%) SharePoint
14 43 (0.58%) Oracle Workflow
15 40 (0.54%) OpenStack
16 35 (0.47%) SAS
17 33 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 32 (0.43%) IIS
19 30 (0.41%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 66 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
4 11 (0.15%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.068%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.054%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.041%) Mathcad
7 3 (0.041%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.027%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.027%) Notepad++
8 2 (0.027%) Sketch
9 1 (0.014%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.014%) Pro/ENGINEER
9 1 (0.014%) PTC Creo
9 1 (0.014%) Siemens NX
9 1 (0.014%) SOLIDWORKS
9 1 (0.014%) SPSS
9 1 (0.014%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 43 (0.58%) Dynamics CRM
2 38 (0.52%) ION MarketView
3 27 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
4 21 (0.28%) BusinessWorks
5 20 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
6 16 (0.22%) Magento
7 15 (0.20%) SAP FI-CA
8 14 (0.19%) Shopify
9 13 (0.18%) SAP PSCD
10 12 (0.16%) TIBCO iProcess
11 10 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
12 9 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
13 8 (0.11%) RMDS
14 7 (0.095%) Oracle BPM
14 7 (0.095%) SAP S/4HANA
15 6 (0.081%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
16 5 (0.068%) Oracle Cash Management
16 5 (0.068%) SAP CRM
17 4 (0.054%) Oracle Applications
17 4 (0.054%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,900 (25.78%) AWS
2 1,351 (18.33%) Azure
3 735 (9.97%) GCP
4 405 (5.50%) GitHub
5 379 (5.14%) Serverless
6 226 (3.07%) AWS Lambda
7 219 (2.97%) AWS CloudFormation
8 208 (2.82%) Amazon S3
9 203 (2.75%) OpenShift
10 162 (2.20%) SaaS
11 160 (2.17%) PaaS
12 159 (2.16%) Amazon EC2
13 148 (2.01%) IaaS
14 102 (1.38%) Power Platform
15 96 (1.30%) Amazon SQS
15 96 (1.30%) Apigee
16 81 (1.10%) Amazon EKS
17 80 (1.09%) Amazon ECS
18 61 (0.83%) Snowflake
19 58 (0.79%) Kong
Communications & Networking
1 181 (2.46%) HTTP
2 90 (1.22%) TCP/IP
3 63 (0.85%) Firewall
4 49 (0.66%) Network Security
5 45 (0.61%) Internet
6 37 (0.50%) SSL
7 32 (0.43%) DNS
8 31 (0.42%) HTTPS
9 30 (0.41%) MQTT
10 29 (0.39%) Ethernet
11 26 (0.35%) FIX Connectivity
12 24 (0.33%) VPN
13 23 (0.31%) FTP
14 16 (0.22%) RTMP
15 15 (0.20%) SAN
16 14 (0.19%) WAN
17 13 (0.18%) Kerberos
18 12 (0.16%) AMQP
19 11 (0.15%) Intranet
20 10 (0.14%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 573 (7.77%) NoSQL
2 468 (6.35%) MongoDB
3 440 (5.97%) PostgreSQL
4 435 (5.90%) Relational Database
5 378 (5.13%) SQL Server
6 336 (4.56%) MySQL
7 311 (4.22%) Big Data
8 240 (3.26%) Hadoop
9 162 (2.20%) Oracle Database
10 149 (2.02%) Data Warehouse
11 136 (1.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 130 (1.76%) Apache Cassandra
13 118 (1.60%) RDBMS
14 115 (1.56%) HBase
15 108 (1.47%) Redis
16 105 (1.42%) Apache Hive
17 102 (1.38%) Data Lake
18 96 (1.30%) Tableau
19 87 (1.18%) BigQuery
20 86 (1.17%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1,453 (19.72%) Jenkins
2 1,161 (15.75%) Git (software)
3 767 (10.41%) JIRA
4 753 (10.22%) Maven
5 469 (6.36%) Cucumber
6 467 (6.34%) Selenium
7 353 (4.79%) JUnit
8 322 (4.37%) GitLab
9 301 (4.08%) Gradle
10 211 (2.86%) TeamCity
11 204 (2.77%) Bitbucket
12 202 (2.74%) Mockito
13 155 (2.10%) Postman
14 150 (2.04%) JMeter
15 134 (1.82%) Subversion
16 130 (1.76%) SonarQube
17 129 (1.75%) Artifactory
18 120 (1.63%) SoapUI
19 112 (1.52%) Sonatype Nexus
20 102 (1.38%) REST Assured
General
1 1,559 (21.15%) Finance
2 1,269 (17.22%) Social Skills
3 1,159 (15.73%) Banking
4 669 (9.08%) Front Office
5 578 (7.84%) Investment Banking
6 464 (6.30%) Analytical Skills
7 419 (5.69%) Public Sector
8 192 (2.61%) Retail
9 149 (2.02%) Marketing
10 115 (1.56%) Presentation Skills
11 102 (1.38%) Telecoms
12 97 (1.32%) Financial Institution
13 90 (1.22%) Manufacturing
14 65 (0.88%) Electronics
15 57 (0.77%) Games
16 54 (0.73%) Law
16 54 (0.73%) Legal
17 49 (0.66%) Organisational Skills
18 44 (0.60%) Publishing
19 37 (0.50%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 3,920 (53.19%) Developer
2 2,531 (34.34%) Java Developer
3 721 (9.78%) Senior Developer
4 621 (8.43%) Architect
5 564 (7.65%) Senior Java Developer
6 493 (6.69%) Software Engineer
7 485 (6.58%) Java Engineer
8 290 (3.93%) DevOps Engineer
9 282 (3.83%) Full Stack Developer
10 256 (3.47%) Data Engineer
11 235 (3.19%) Solutions Architect
12 228 (3.09%) Analyst
13 226 (3.07%) Java Software Engineer
14 201 (2.73%) Senior Java Engineer
15 197 (2.67%) Consultant
16 192 (2.61%) AWS Engineer
16 192 (2.61%) Tester
17 179 (2.43%) React Developer
18 173 (2.35%) Python Developer
19 168 (2.28%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,760 (23.88%) Spring
2 1,255 (17.03%) Spring Boot
3 908 (12.32%) REST
4 903 (12.25%) Kafka
5 785 (10.65%) React
6 701 (9.51%) Node.js
7 630 (8.55%) RESTful
8 575 (7.80%) Web Services
9 569 (7.72%) .NET
10 557 (7.56%) HTML
11 549 (7.45%) AngularJS
12 472 (6.40%) CSS
13 431 (5.85%) XML
14 416 (5.64%) JSON
15 323 (4.38%) SOAP
16 310 (4.21%) Hibernate
17 303 (4.11%) J2EE
18 248 (3.36%) Middleware
19 195 (2.65%) HTML5
20 168 (2.28%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 440 (5.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 339 (4.60%) Fixed Income
3 293 (3.98%) Derivative
4 273 (3.70%) Data Structures
5 232 (3.15%) Algorithms
6 228 (3.09%) User Experience
7 221 (3.00%) Equities
8 217 (2.94%) Greenfield Project
9 195 (2.65%) Cloud Native
10 191 (2.59%) Data Protection Act
11 170 (2.31%) Public Cloud
12 162 (2.20%) Mobile App
13 135 (1.83%) Enterprise Software
14 127 (1.72%) Hedge funds
15 100 (1.36%) Self-Motivation
16 95 (1.29%) Virtual Team
17 79 (1.07%) Legacy Systems
18 69 (0.94%) Client/Server
19 60 (0.81%) Credit Risk
20 57 (0.77%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1,161 (15.75%) Linux
2 614 (8.33%) Unix
3 448 (6.08%) Windows
4 210 (2.85%) Android
5 105 (1.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 93 (1.26%) Apple iOS
7 61 (0.83%) Ubuntu
8 54 (0.73%) Mac OS X
9 34 (0.46%) CentOS
10 32 (0.43%) Windows Server
11 28 (0.38%) Solaris
12 26 (0.35%) Mac OS
13 21 (0.28%) Oracle Linux
14 16 (0.22%) AIX
15 13 (0.18%) Debian
15 13 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
16 12 (0.16%) Mesosphere
17 11 (0.15%) SUSE
18 7 (0.095%) Amazon Linux
19 6 (0.081%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,188 (43.26%) Agile Software Development
2 2,014 (27.33%) Microservices
3 1,801 (24.44%) DevOps
4 1,360 (18.45%) Software Engineering
5 1,221 (16.57%) TDD
6 1,205 (16.35%) Test Automation
7 932 (12.65%) Scrum
8 739 (10.03%) BDD
9 664 (9.01%) Full Stack Development
10 661 (8.97%) Continuous Integration
11 640 (8.68%) Problem-Solving
12 597 (8.10%) Analytics
13 504 (6.84%) Multithreading
14 454 (6.16%) OO
15 419 (5.69%) SDLC
16 402 (5.45%) Open Source
17 370 (5.02%) Low Latency
18 367 (4.98%) Migration
19 329 (4.46%) Computer Science
20 320 (4.34%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 1,740 (23.61%) Python
2 1,543 (20.94%) JavaScript
3 1,536 (20.84%) SQL
4 868 (11.78%) C#
5 743 (10.08%) Java 8
6 602 (8.17%) C++
7 495 (6.72%) Scala
8 394 (5.35%) TypeScript
9 386 (5.24%) Java 11
10 382 (5.18%) Kotlin
11 339 (4.60%) Bash
12 316 (4.29%) Go
13 271 (3.68%) Shell Script
14 211 (2.86%) PL/SQL
15 208 (2.82%) C
16 206 (2.80%) PowerShell
17 188 (2.55%) Ruby
18 176 (2.39%) Perl
19 161 (2.18%) PHP
20 130 (1.76%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 814 (11.04%) Security Cleared
2 631 (8.56%) SC Cleared
3 389 (5.28%) Degree
4 170 (2.31%) Computer Science Degree
5 110 (1.49%) DV Cleared
6 76 (1.03%) BPSS Clearance
7 65 (0.88%) ISTQB
8 54 (0.73%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 44 (0.60%) ISEB
10 39 (0.53%) AWS Certification
11 34 (0.46%) Sun Certification
12 30 (0.41%) CISSP
12 30 (0.41%) Master's Degree
13 26 (0.35%) OCPJP
14 22 (0.30%) RHCE
15 21 (0.28%) PhD
16 14 (0.19%) CREST Certified
17 13 (0.18%) DBS Check
18 12 (0.16%) SANS
18 12 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 390 (5.29%) QA
2 150 (2.04%) Accessibility
3 50 (0.68%) GDPR
4 42 (0.57%) Data Quality
5 29 (0.39%) PMO
6 26 (0.35%) NCSC
7 25 (0.34%) WCAG
8 24 (0.33%) SLA
9 15 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 10 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 9 (0.12%) NIST
12 7 (0.095%) PCI DSS
13 6 (0.081%) ISO 20022
14 5 (0.068%) Actionable Recommendations
15 4 (0.054%) Basel II
15 4 (0.054%) Disclosure Scotland
15 4 (0.054%) ISO/IEC 27001
15 4 (0.054%) PSD2
16 3 (0.041%) GLBA
16 3 (0.041%) PMBOK
System Software
1 1,430 (19.40%) Docker
2 62 (0.84%) Active Directory
3 51 (0.69%) HDFS
4 33 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
5 30 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
6 26 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 14 (0.19%) NFS
8 13 (0.18%) Apache Flume
9 12 (0.16%) OpenAM
10 11 (0.15%) GridGain
11 5 (0.068%) Oracle RAC
11 5 (0.068%) Samba
12 4 (0.054%) OpenDJ
12 4 (0.054%) Platform Symphony
13 3 (0.041%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
13 3 (0.041%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 3 (0.041%) Firmware
13 3 (0.041%) Hyper-V
13 3 (0.041%) OpenIDM
13 3 (0.041%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 1,449 (19.66%) Kubernetes
2 746 (10.12%) Terraform
3 487 (6.61%) Ansible
4 176 (2.39%) Grafana
5 140 (1.90%) Prometheus
6 117 (1.59%) Puppet
7 100 (1.36%) Opscode Chef
8 92 (1.25%) Kibana
9 46 (0.62%) BladeLogic
10 45 (0.61%) ITRS Geneos
11 41 (0.56%) Nagios
12 40 (0.54%) logstash
13 39 (0.53%) Istio
14 36 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
15 30 (0.41%) Oozie
16 27 (0.37%) Rancher
17 26 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
17 26 (0.35%) Packer
18 21 (0.28%) Bosun
19 17 (0.23%) Nessus
Vendors
1 933 (12.66%) Oracle
2 417 (5.66%) Microsoft
3 279 (3.79%) Google
4 189 (2.56%) SAP
5 146 (1.98%) IBM
6 134 (1.82%) Red Hat
7 124 (1.68%) Splunk
8 113 (1.53%) ION Trading
9 93 (1.26%) Atlassian
9 93 (1.26%) Databricks
9 93 (1.26%) webMethods
10 88 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
11 84 (1.14%) MuleSoft
12 76 (1.03%) AppDynamics
13 74 (1.00%) TIBCO
14 70 (0.95%) Sybase
15 66 (0.90%) Informatica
16 60 (0.81%) BEA
17 53 (0.72%) Talend
18 48 (0.65%) VMware