Period
to 8 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 8 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
8 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 4,960 10,752 13,125
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 13.35% 12.51% 13.77%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.86% 29.07% 31.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,603 7,448 9,369
Median daily rate £538 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +2.56%
10th Percentile £381 £388 £363
90th Percentile £725 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 98 83 102
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +4.65% +7.50%
10th Percentile £20.50 £27.85 £21.25
90th Percentile £63.56 £57.82 £75.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -18.60% +1.18% +3.66%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 15,567 36,986 41,936
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.89% 43.03% 43.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,579 25,894 29,485
Median daily rate £500 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £460
% change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +5.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 345 651 745
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.60% +3.61% +0.61%
10th Percentile £18.00 £19.75 £17.33
90th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £53.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.75 £41.00
% change year-on-year -18.13% +4.27% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 8 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 8 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 8 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 3,158 £560 +1.82% 457
North of England -5 484 £475 +2.70% 171
South East -4 457 £475 +4.40% 136
South West 0 371 £525 +7.69% 88
East of England -1 228 £506 +1.25% 43
North West -2 225 £450 - 101
Midlands -6 224 £427 -5.75% 58
Yorkshire -5 205 £500 +5.26% 46
West Midlands -4 150 £425 -8.60% 36
East Midlands +4 72 £450 +2.86% 21
North East -5 56 £473 +5.00% 24
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 8 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 2,393 (48.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,501 (30.26%) AWS
3 1,329 (26.79%) Python
4 1,248 (25.16%) Microservices
5 1,229 (24.78%) DevOps
6 1,156 (23.31%) Finance
7 1,122 (22.62%) Spring
8 1,091 (22.00%) SQL
9 1,053 (21.23%) JavaScript
10 988 (19.92%) Docker
11 937 (18.89%) Web Services
12 921 (18.57%) TDD
13 900 (18.15%) Jenkins
14 888 (17.90%) Test Automation
15 861 (17.36%) Azure
16 828 (16.69%) Kubernetes
17 808 (16.29%) Software Engineering
18 795 (16.03%) Git (software)
19 792 (15.97%) Banking
20 776 (15.65%) Security Cleared
21 763 (15.38%) Linux
22 731 (14.74%) Oracle
23 713 (14.38%) Spring Boot
24 711 (14.33%) Java 8
25 679 (13.69%) Scrum
26 608 (12.26%) SC Cleared
27 586 (11.81%) AngularJS
28 583 (11.75%) REST
29 578 (11.65%) Front Office
30 568 (11.45%) BDD

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 257 (5.18%) Confluence
2 190 (3.83%) Apache Spark
3 185 (3.73%) Apache
4 177 (3.57%) Elasticsearch
5 174 (3.51%) WebLogic
6 155 (3.13%) Tomcat
7 90 (1.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 89 (1.79%) JBoss
9 88 (1.77%) Red Hat Fuse
10 85 (1.71%) WebSphere
11 80 (1.61%) Mule
12 54 (1.09%) Cloud Foundry
13 40 (0.81%) Apache Solr
13 40 (0.81%) Oracle Service Bus
14 39 (0.79%) nginx
15 36 (0.73%) SAS
16 32 (0.65%) SharePoint
17 30 (0.60%) CMS
18 26 (0.52%) Oracle Workflow
19 25 (0.50%) MQSeries
Applications
1 41 (0.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 34 (0.69%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
4 11 (0.22%) Sketch
5 9 (0.18%) MS Visio
6 8 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 8 (0.16%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.12%) Chatbot
7 6 (0.12%) RoboHelp
7 6 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
8 4 (0.081%) InVision
9 3 (0.060%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.040%) Open Workbench
11 1 (0.020%) Simulink
11 1 (0.020%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 14 (0.28%) ION MarketView
1 14 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
2 13 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 11 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 10 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.20%) Magento
5 9 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
5 9 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
5 9 (0.18%) Shopify
6 8 (0.16%) FINCAD Analytics
6 8 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
6 8 (0.16%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 7 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
7 7 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
7 7 (0.14%) Oracle Receivables
7 7 (0.14%) SAP FI-CA
8 6 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
8 6 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
9 5 (0.10%) Oracle EBS R12
9 5 (0.10%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,501 (30.26%) AWS
2 861 (17.36%) Azure
3 447 (9.01%) GCP
4 302 (6.09%) Serverless
5 242 (4.88%) AWS Lambda
6 225 (4.54%) OpenShift
7 212 (4.27%) Amazon EC2
8 202 (4.07%) Amazon S3
9 186 (3.75%) GitHub
10 155 (3.13%) Amazon ECS
11 132 (2.66%) AWS CloudFormation
12 113 (2.28%) SaaS
13 111 (2.24%) Amazon SQS
14 82 (1.65%) PaaS
15 78 (1.57%) Apigee
16 72 (1.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 69 (1.39%) Power Platform
18 46 (0.93%) IaaS
19 43 (0.87%) Cloud Computing
20 39 (0.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 156 (3.15%) HTTP
2 93 (1.88%) Firewall
3 88 (1.77%) DNS
3 88 (1.77%) SSL
4 70 (1.41%) TCP/IP
5 46 (0.93%) HTTPS
5 46 (0.93%) Internet
5 46 (0.93%) VPN
6 39 (0.79%) FTP
7 29 (0.58%) WAN
8 26 (0.52%) DMZ
8 26 (0.52%) Kerberos
9 24 (0.48%) SNMP
9 24 (0.48%) Wireless
10 18 (0.36%) Ethernet
11 15 (0.30%) Intranet
11 15 (0.30%) Reverse Proxy
12 13 (0.26%) DHCP
13 11 (0.22%) Network Security
14 10 (0.20%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 387 (7.80%) SQL Server
2 326 (6.57%) MySQL
3 302 (6.09%) MongoDB
3 302 (6.09%) NoSQL
4 260 (5.24%) Relational Database
5 246 (4.96%) PostgreSQL
6 228 (4.60%) Big Data
7 166 (3.35%) Hadoop
8 155 (3.13%) Amazon Redshift
9 151 (3.04%) Oracle Database
10 148 (2.98%) Amazon RDS
11 115 (2.32%) Data Warehouse
12 109 (2.20%) RDBMS
13 81 (1.63%) Apache Cassandra
14 66 (1.33%) Power BI
15 62 (1.25%) Redis
16 55 (1.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 53 (1.07%) Apache Hive
18 48 (0.97%) Oracle Database 11g
19 47 (0.95%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 900 (18.15%) Jenkins
2 795 (16.03%) Git (software)
3 483 (9.74%) JIRA
4 437 (8.81%) Maven
5 336 (6.77%) Cucumber
6 324 (6.53%) JUnit
6 324 (6.53%) Selenium
7 236 (4.76%) GitLab
8 196 (3.95%) Gradle
9 189 (3.81%) Mockito
10 165 (3.33%) Artifactory
11 150 (3.02%) Subversion
12 143 (2.88%) Bitbucket
13 121 (2.44%) SoapUI
14 104 (2.10%) RStudio
15 102 (2.06%) Eclipse
16 87 (1.75%) JMeter
16 87 (1.75%) SonarQube
17 76 (1.53%) WebDriver
18 72 (1.45%) TeamCity
General
1 1,156 (23.31%) Finance
2 792 (15.97%) Banking
3 578 (11.65%) Front Office
4 407 (8.21%) Investment Banking
5 378 (7.62%) Public Sector
6 94 (1.90%) Telecoms
7 79 (1.59%) Retail
8 73 (1.47%) Marketing
9 62 (1.25%) Manufacturing
10 58 (1.17%) Back Office
11 54 (1.09%) Financial Institution
12 53 (1.07%) Electronics
13 40 (0.81%) Games
14 38 (0.77%) Aerospace
15 28 (0.56%) Law
16 22 (0.44%) Retail Banking
17 20 (0.40%) Publishing
18 18 (0.36%) Military
19 16 (0.32%) Police
20 14 (0.28%) Legal
Job Titles
1 2,877 (58.00%) Developer
2 1,791 (36.11%) Java Developer
3 409 (8.25%) Senior Developer
4 340 (6.85%) Architect
5 339 (6.83%) AWS Developer
6 284 (5.73%) AWS Engineer
6 284 (5.73%) Software Engineer
7 276 (5.56%) DevOps Engineer
8 268 (5.40%) Senior Java Developer
9 258 (5.20%) Java Engineer
10 220 (4.44%) Full Stack Developer
11 158 (3.19%) Python Developer
12 155 (3.13%) Analyst
13 134 (2.70%) Lead Developer
14 131 (2.64%) Tester
15 124 (2.50%) Front Office Developer
16 117 (2.36%) Data Engineer
17 113 (2.28%) Consultant
17 113 (2.28%) Python Engineer
18 111 (2.24%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,122 (22.62%) Spring
2 937 (18.89%) Web Services
3 713 (14.38%) Spring Boot
4 586 (11.81%) AngularJS
5 583 (11.75%) REST
6 488 (9.84%) React
7 480 (9.68%) Node.js
8 443 (8.93%) HTML
9 409 (8.25%) RESTful
10 395 (7.96%) XML
11 392 (7.90%) SOAP
12 369 (7.44%) .NET
13 353 (7.12%) J2EE
14 350 (7.06%) CSS
15 337 (6.79%) Kafka
16 335 (6.75%) JSON
17 216 (4.35%) Hibernate
18 214 (4.31%) HTML5
19 193 (3.89%) Middleware
20 173 (3.49%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 430 (8.67%) Fixed Income
2 335 (6.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 293 (5.91%) Derivative
4 254 (5.12%) Equities
5 246 (4.96%) Analytical Skills
6 235 (4.74%) Greenfield Project
6 235 (4.74%) Hedge funds
7 194 (3.91%) User Experience
8 166 (3.35%) Mobile App
9 127 (2.56%) Enterprise Software
10 91 (1.83%) Data Structures
11 88 (1.77%) Algorithms
12 67 (1.35%) PKI
12 67 (1.35%) Self-Motivation
13 63 (1.27%) Linux Command Line
14 61 (1.23%) Public Cloud
15 60 (1.21%) Cloud Native
16 54 (1.09%) Data Centre
17 47 (0.95%) Management Information System
18 44 (0.89%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 763 (15.38%) Linux
2 463 (9.33%) Unix
3 288 (5.81%) Windows
4 195 (3.93%) Android
5 106 (2.14%) Mac OS X
6 94 (1.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 85 (1.71%) Apple iOS
8 48 (0.97%) Windows Server
9 35 (0.71%) CentOS
10 26 (0.52%) Windows Server 2012
11 24 (0.48%) Ubuntu
12 22 (0.44%) Solaris
13 21 (0.42%) Windows Server 2016
14 17 (0.34%) Oracle Linux
15 16 (0.32%) AIX
16 15 (0.30%) Debian
17 9 (0.18%) Windows 10
18 8 (0.16%) SUSE
19 7 (0.14%) Amazon Linux
20 6 (0.12%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,393 (48.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,248 (25.16%) Microservices
3 1,229 (24.78%) DevOps
4 921 (18.57%) TDD
5 888 (17.90%) Test Automation
6 808 (16.29%) Software Engineering
7 679 (13.69%) Scrum
8 568 (11.45%) BDD
9 537 (10.83%) Continuous Integration
10 373 (7.52%) Problem-Solving
11 350 (7.06%) Asset Management
12 337 (6.79%) SDLC
13 318 (6.41%) Open Source
14 297 (5.99%) Pair Programming
15 285 (5.75%) Multithreading
16 271 (5.46%) OO
17 254 (5.12%) Analytics
18 243 (4.90%) Kanban
19 232 (4.68%) Computer Science
19 232 (4.68%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,329 (26.79%) Python
2 1,091 (22.00%) SQL
3 1,053 (21.23%) JavaScript
4 711 (14.33%) Java 8
5 416 (8.39%) C#
6 294 (5.93%) Scala
7 269 (5.42%) C++
8 251 (5.06%) Kotlin
9 192 (3.87%) PL/SQL
10 173 (3.49%) Bash Shell
11 158 (3.19%) Shell Script
12 155 (3.13%) Ruby
13 151 (3.04%) R
14 131 (2.64%) Perl
15 128 (2.58%) PowerShell
16 126 (2.54%) Go
17 125 (2.52%) TypeScript
18 123 (2.48%) Groovy
19 118 (2.38%) PHP
20 106 (2.14%) C
Qualifications
1 776 (15.65%) Security Cleared
2 608 (12.26%) SC Cleared
3 257 (5.18%) Degree
4 118 (2.38%) Computer Science Degree
5 112 (2.26%) DV Cleared
6 65 (1.31%) BPSS Clearance
7 63 (1.27%) ISEB
8 55 (1.11%) ISTQB
9 41 (0.83%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 39 (0.79%) DBS Check
11 23 (0.46%) AWS Certification
12 22 (0.44%) CISSP
12 22 (0.44%) Sun Certification
13 21 (0.42%) Master's Degree
14 20 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
15 14 (0.28%) ISEB Practitioner
16 13 (0.26%) SANS
17 12 (0.24%) PhD
18 10 (0.20%) CCA
18 10 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 259 (5.22%) QA
2 47 (0.95%) Data Quality
3 36 (0.73%) WCAG
4 21 (0.42%) GDPR
5 19 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 19 (0.38%) SLA
6 12 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
6 12 (0.24%) HIPAA
7 10 (0.20%) MiFID
7 10 (0.20%) PCI DSS
7 10 (0.20%) PSD2
8 8 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 7 (0.14%) PMO
10 5 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
11 4 (0.081%) HL7
11 4 (0.081%) NCSC
12 3 (0.060%) Basel III
12 3 (0.060%) Government Security Classifications
12 3 (0.060%) ISO 9001
13 2 (0.040%) NIST
System Software
1 988 (19.92%) Docker
2 126 (2.54%) Active Directory
3 41 (0.83%) HDFS
4 31 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
5 23 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
6 17 (0.34%) OpenAM
7 16 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 15 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
9 13 (0.26%) NFS
10 12 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
10 12 (0.24%) vSphere
11 11 (0.22%) Hyper-V
11 11 (0.22%) OpenDJ
12 10 (0.20%) VMware Workstation
13 9 (0.18%) RACF
14 6 (0.12%) Postfix
15 5 (0.10%) Apache Flume
15 5 (0.10%) GeoWebCache
16 3 (0.060%) Xen
17 2 (0.040%) NDS
Systems Management
1 828 (16.69%) Kubernetes
2 432 (8.71%) Terraform
3 317 (6.39%) Ansible
4 134 (2.70%) Puppet
5 106 (2.14%) Opscode Chef
6 74 (1.49%) Prometheus
7 64 (1.29%) Kibana
8 50 (1.01%) Grafana
9 42 (0.85%) logstash
10 38 (0.77%) Single Sign-On
11 37 (0.75%) Packer
12 29 (0.58%) Nagios
13 22 (0.44%) SCCM
13 22 (0.44%) Zipkin
14 21 (0.42%) Data Guard
15 20 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
16 16 (0.32%) Oozie
17 15 (0.30%) Consul
18 14 (0.28%) Oracle RMAN
19 13 (0.26%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 731 (14.74%) Oracle
2 299 (6.03%) Google
3 228 (4.60%) Microsoft
4 186 (3.75%) SAP
5 126 (2.54%) Red Hat
6 102 (2.06%) Splunk
7 101 (2.04%) IBM
8 96 (1.94%) MuleSoft
9 79 (1.59%) Sybase
10 73 (1.47%) webMethods
11 60 (1.21%) AppDynamics
12 59 (1.19%) Cloudera
13 53 (1.07%) Salesforce.com
14 51 (1.03%) VMware
15 48 (0.97%) BEA
15 48 (0.97%) Talend
16 43 (0.87%) WSO2
17 42 (0.85%) ION Trading
18 41 (0.83%) Informatica
19 40 (0.81%) Bloomberg