Period
to 18 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 18 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 6 4 5
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 10,453 13,050 11,607
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.38% 13.82% 13.26%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.88% 31.36% 31.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,083 9,250 8,105
England median daily rate £525 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.41% +5.57%
10th Percentile £388 £363 £349
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 86 97 134
England median hourly rate £44.00 £43.00 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.33% +6.17% +8.00%
10th Percentile £27.50 £21.15 £26.08
90th Percentile £58.95 £75.00 £63.75
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year +1.18% +3.66% +9.33%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 36,194 41,614 36,364
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.87% 44.08% 41.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,313 29,364 25,046
England median daily rate £480 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £440
% change year-on-year +3.18% +4.63% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 647 742 754
England median hourly rate £43.50 £41.50 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.82% - +10.67%
10th Percentile £20.28 £17.50 £16.60
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £41.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +4.88% - +9.33%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 18 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 6,044 £560 +1.82% 1,592
South East -5 1,303 £450 - 454
North of England -2 1,241 £463 +8.82% 467
South West +7 654 £475 +11.76% 229
Midlands +2 647 £458 +7.65% 251
Yorkshire 0 603 £475 +8.57% 155
East of England +1 525 £495 +4.21% 203
North West -6 500 £450 +5.88% 238
West Midlands +8 448 £465 +3.33% 158
East Midlands -8 182 £440 +3.53% 92
North East +1 137 £450 +12.50% 74
South Coast -3 1 - -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 18 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 5,376 (51.43%) Agile Software Development
2 2,583 (24.71%) Spring
3 2,578 (24.66%) Amazon AWS
4 2,520 (24.11%) JavaScript
5 2,427 (23.22%) Microservices
6 2,386 (22.83%) TDD
7 2,361 (22.59%) Python
8 2,334 (22.33%) DevOps
9 2,163 (20.69%) Jenkins
10 2,074 (19.84%) Docker
11 2,057 (19.68%) Finance
12 1,951 (18.66%) SQL
13 1,881 (17.99%) Linux
14 1,873 (17.92%) Git (software)
15 1,774 (16.97%) Test Automation
16 1,692 (16.19%) Java 8
17 1,689 (16.16%) Scrum
18 1,618 (15.48%) Web Services
19 1,399 (13.38%) Continuous Integration
20 1,340 (12.82%) REST
21 1,335 (12.77%) HTML
22 1,315 (12.58%) Spring Boot
23 1,311 (12.54%) Kubernetes
24 1,252 (11.98%) BDD
25 1,201 (11.49%) RESTful
26 1,192 (11.40%) Software Engineering
27 1,188 (11.37%) AngularJS
28 1,186 (11.35%) Oracle
29 1,183 (11.32%) Banking
30 1,176 (11.25%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 621 (5.94%) Confluence
2 509 (4.87%) Apache Spark
3 480 (4.59%) Apache
4 354 (3.39%) Tomcat
5 322 (3.08%) WebSphere
6 284 (2.72%) Elasticsearch
7 239 (2.29%) JBoss
8 226 (2.16%) WebLogic
9 140 (1.34%) CMS
10 136 (1.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 133 (1.27%) nginx
12 125 (1.20%) Mule
13 116 (1.11%) Cloud Foundry
14 108 (1.03%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 80 (0.77%) SharePoint
16 73 (0.70%) IIS
17 71 (0.68%) Apache Solr
18 68 (0.65%) Jetty
18 68 (0.65%) Oracle Service Bus
19 61 (0.58%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 89 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 49 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
3 45 (0.43%) Photoshop
4 23 (0.22%) Sketch
5 20 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
6 16 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
7 15 (0.14%) GIMP
8 11 (0.11%) MS Visio
9 10 (0.096%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 9 (0.086%) Adobe XD
10 9 (0.086%) InVision
11 8 (0.077%) SPSS
11 8 (0.077%) Zeplin
12 7 (0.067%) Spreadsheet
12 7 (0.067%) Stata
13 6 (0.057%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 4 (0.038%) Acrobat
14 4 (0.038%) Chatbot
15 1 (0.010%) Adobe Premiere
15 1 (0.010%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 58 (0.55%) Magento
2 54 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
3 36 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
4 33 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
5 26 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
6 25 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
7 22 (0.21%) R3 Corda
8 19 (0.18%) ION MarketView
8 19 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 18 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
9 18 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
10 15 (0.14%) SAP ERP
11 14 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
12 11 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
13 10 (0.096%) assyst
14 9 (0.086%) Endur
15 8 (0.077%) CSG Singleview
15 8 (0.077%) Maximo
15 8 (0.077%) Oracle EBS
16 7 (0.067%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 2,578 (24.66%) Amazon AWS
2 1,104 (10.56%) Microsoft Azure
3 534 (5.11%) Serverless
4 503 (4.81%) Google Cloud Platform
5 454 (4.34%) Amazon EC2
6 445 (4.26%) AWS Lambda
7 423 (4.05%) Amazon S3
8 408 (3.90%) GitHub
9 314 (3.00%) OpenShift
10 303 (2.90%) Amazon SQS
11 289 (2.76%) AWS CloudFormation
12 200 (1.91%) PaaS
13 190 (1.82%) Amazon ECS
14 137 (1.31%) SaaS
15 136 (1.30%) Amazon Kinesis
16 135 (1.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 114 (1.09%) Apigee
18 106 (1.01%) Cloud Computing
19 105 (1.00%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 102 (0.98%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 360 (3.44%) HTTP
2 246 (2.35%) TCP/IP
3 166 (1.59%) SSL
4 163 (1.56%) DNS
5 135 (1.29%) FTP
6 114 (1.09%) Internet
7 113 (1.08%) Firewall
8 75 (0.72%) DHCP
9 71 (0.68%) IPsec
10 44 (0.42%) Ethernet
11 43 (0.41%) Kerberos
12 30 (0.29%) VPN
13 29 (0.28%) SSH
14 27 (0.26%) HTTPS
14 27 (0.26%) SAN
15 26 (0.25%) WAN
16 25 (0.24%) LAN
17 18 (0.17%) MQTT
18 15 (0.14%) SMTP
19 14 (0.13%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 838 (8.02%) NoSQL
2 714 (6.83%) Big Data
3 688 (6.58%) MongoDB
4 606 (5.80%) Relational Database
5 565 (5.41%) PostgreSQL
6 562 (5.38%) MySQL
7 556 (5.32%) Hadoop
8 455 (4.35%) SQL Server
9 334 (3.20%) Amazon RDS
10 305 (2.92%) Apache Cassandra
11 286 (2.74%) RDBMS
12 233 (2.23%) Amazon Redshift
12 233 (2.23%) Oracle Database
13 184 (1.76%) Data Warehouse
14 180 (1.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 180 (1.72%) Apache Hive
15 176 (1.68%) HBase
16 128 (1.22%) Redis
17 122 (1.17%) DB2
18 91 (0.87%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 2,163 (20.69%) Jenkins
2 1,873 (17.92%) Git (software)
3 1,101 (10.53%) Maven
4 1,076 (10.29%) JIRA
5 878 (8.40%) Selenium
6 810 (7.75%) Cucumber
7 774 (7.40%) JUnit
8 418 (4.00%) Mockito
9 329 (3.15%) Gradle
10 308 (2.95%) Subversion
11 295 (2.82%) GitLab
12 286 (2.74%) Bitbucket
13 265 (2.54%) SonarQube
14 255 (2.44%) Sonatype Nexus
15 248 (2.37%) Artifactory
16 242 (2.32%) Eclipse
17 236 (2.26%) JMeter
18 234 (2.24%) WebDriver
19 210 (2.01%) TeamCity
20 187 (1.79%) SoapUI
General
1 2,057 (19.68%) Finance
2 1,183 (11.32%) Banking
3 559 (5.35%) Front Office
4 388 (3.71%) Retail
5 332 (3.18%) Investment Banking
6 263 (2.52%) Marketing
7 240 (2.30%) Telecoms
8 145 (1.39%) Games
9 134 (1.28%) Manufacturing
10 120 (1.15%) Electronics
11 97 (0.93%) Financial Institution
12 81 (0.77%) Legal
13 73 (0.70%) Back Office
14 61 (0.58%) Retail Banking
15 60 (0.57%) Advertising
16 45 (0.43%) Aerospace
16 45 (0.43%) Publishing
17 44 (0.42%) Law
18 43 (0.41%) Military
19 37 (0.35%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 5,954 (56.96%) Developer
2 3,640 (34.82%) Java Developer
3 913 (8.73%) Senior Developer
4 804 (7.69%) Architect
5 712 (6.81%) DevOps Engineer
6 628 (6.01%) Senior Java Developer
7 560 (5.36%) Full Stack Developer
8 427 (4.08%) Java Engineer
9 411 (3.93%) AWS Developer
10 400 (3.83%) AWS Engineer
11 395 (3.78%) Software Engineer
12 380 (3.64%) Tester
13 337 (3.22%) Analyst
14 324 (3.10%) React Developer
15 287 (2.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 282 (2.70%) Data Engineer
17 265 (2.54%) Automation Tester
18 260 (2.49%) Python Developer
19 255 (2.44%) Angular Developer
20 251 (2.40%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,583 (24.71%) Spring
2 1,618 (15.48%) Web Services
3 1,340 (12.82%) REST
4 1,335 (12.77%) HTML
5 1,315 (12.58%) Spring Boot
6 1,201 (11.49%) RESTful
7 1,188 (11.37%) AngularJS
8 1,176 (11.25%) Node.js
9 1,049 (10.04%) CSS
10 928 (8.88%) React
11 901 (8.62%) Kafka
12 821 (7.85%) J2EE
13 792 (7.58%) JSON
14 788 (7.54%) SOAP
15 759 (7.26%) .NET
16 732 (7.00%) XML
17 676 (6.47%) Hibernate
18 599 (5.73%) HTML5
19 354 (3.39%) Middleware
20 347 (3.32%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 632 (6.05%) Greenfield Project
2 432 (4.13%) Analytical Skills
3 428 (4.09%) User Experience
4 277 (2.65%) Mobile App
5 262 (2.51%) Enterprise Software
6 231 (2.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 230 (2.20%) Algorithms
8 221 (2.11%) Fixed Income
9 210 (2.01%) Data Structures
10 205 (1.96%) Derivative
11 156 (1.49%) Self-Motivation
12 155 (1.48%) Equities
13 135 (1.29%) Public Cloud
14 119 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
15 110 (1.05%) Data Protection Act
16 108 (1.03%) Virtual Team
17 96 (0.92%) Cloud Native
18 85 (0.81%) Data Centre
19 75 (0.72%) PKI
20 72 (0.69%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,881 (17.99%) Linux
2 922 (8.82%) Unix
3 611 (5.85%) Windows
4 408 (3.90%) Android
5 211 (2.02%) Apple iOS
6 178 (1.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 144 (1.38%) Mac OS X
8 126 (1.21%) CentOS
9 101 (0.97%) Windows Server
10 78 (0.75%) Ubuntu
11 52 (0.50%) Solaris
12 49 (0.47%) Mac OS
13 36 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
14 32 (0.31%) Debian
15 30 (0.29%) VMS
16 23 (0.22%) Windows 10
17 17 (0.16%) AIX
18 13 (0.12%) Windows 7
19 12 (0.11%) Kali Linux
19 12 (0.11%) openSUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,376 (51.43%) Agile Software Development
2 2,427 (23.22%) Microservices
3 2,386 (22.83%) TDD
4 2,334 (22.33%) DevOps
5 1,774 (16.97%) Test Automation
6 1,689 (16.16%) Scrum
7 1,399 (13.38%) Continuous Integration
8 1,252 (11.98%) BDD
9 1,192 (11.40%) Software Engineering
10 917 (8.77%) Open Source
11 781 (7.47%) Problem-Solving
12 720 (6.89%) OO
13 639 (6.11%) Kanban
14 611 (5.85%) SDLC
15 587 (5.62%) E-Commerce
16 497 (4.75%) Configuration Management
17 495 (4.74%) Analytics
18 487 (4.66%) Unit Testing
19 476 (4.55%) Multithreading
20 467 (4.47%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,520 (24.11%) JavaScript
2 2,361 (22.59%) Python
3 1,951 (18.66%) SQL
4 1,692 (16.19%) Java 8
5 844 (8.07%) C#
6 758 (7.25%) Scala
7 731 (6.99%) C++
8 491 (4.70%) Ruby
9 402 (3.85%) Bash Shell
10 357 (3.42%) C
11 316 (3.02%) Shell Script
12 295 (2.82%) PHP
13 293 (2.80%) Kotlin
14 290 (2.77%) Perl
15 288 (2.76%) TypeScript
16 285 (2.73%) PL/SQL
17 266 (2.54%) Groovy
18 243 (2.32%) Go
19 233 (2.23%) ES6
20 198 (1.89%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 942 (9.01%) Security Cleared
2 675 (6.46%) SC Cleared
3 537 (5.14%) Degree
4 173 (1.66%) DV Cleared
5 142 (1.36%) Computer Science Degree
6 134 (1.28%) ISTQB
7 119 (1.14%) AWS Certification
8 115 (1.10%) ISEB
9 106 (1.01%) BPSS Clearance
10 58 (0.55%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 50 (0.48%) PhD
12 42 (0.40%) Master's Degree
13 39 (0.37%) DBS Check
14 35 (0.33%) CISSP
14 35 (0.33%) CTC Cleared
15 28 (0.27%) Sun Certification
16 26 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
17 24 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
18 23 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
19 19 (0.18%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 585 (5.60%) QA
2 51 (0.49%) Data Quality
3 39 (0.37%) GDPR
4 35 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 33 (0.32%) PCI DSS
6 29 (0.28%) SLA
7 22 (0.21%) PSD2
8 21 (0.20%) COBIT
8 21 (0.20%) NIST
9 20 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
10 15 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 15 (0.14%) WCAG
11 13 (0.12%) MiFID
12 12 (0.11%) PMO
13 8 (0.077%) HL7
13 8 (0.077%) SEPA
14 7 (0.067%) EMIR
15 5 (0.048%) JSP 440
16 4 (0.038%) HMG Infosec
16 4 (0.038%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 2,074 (19.84%) Docker
2 129 (1.23%) VMware Infrastructure
3 114 (1.09%) Virtual Machines
4 108 (1.03%) Active Directory
5 91 (0.87%) HDFS
6 56 (0.54%) vSphere
7 41 (0.39%) Apache Flume
8 39 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 28 (0.27%) LXC
9 28 (0.27%) OpenAM
9 28 (0.27%) Xen
10 19 (0.18%) Postfix
11 17 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
12 16 (0.15%) KVM
13 13 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
14 11 (0.11%) VirtualBox
15 10 (0.096%) Squid
16 9 (0.086%) OpenDJ
17 8 (0.077%) OpenIDM
17 8 (0.077%) RACF
Systems Management
1 1,311 (12.54%) Kubernetes
2 898 (8.59%) Ansible
3 793 (7.59%) Terraform
4 508 (4.86%) Puppet
5 331 (3.17%) Opscode Chef
6 78 (0.75%) Grafana
7 77 (0.74%) Kibana
8 67 (0.64%) Hadoop YARN
9 58 (0.55%) Single Sign-On
10 53 (0.51%) logstash
10 53 (0.51%) Prometheus
11 49 (0.47%) HP Quality Center
12 48 (0.46%) Packer
13 47 (0.45%) Nagios
14 44 (0.42%) Amdocs OSS
14 44 (0.42%) Nessus
15 38 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
16 34 (0.33%) Consul
17 31 (0.30%) Salt
18 29 (0.28%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1,186 (11.35%) Oracle
2 489 (4.68%) Microsoft
3 468 (4.48%) Google
4 293 (2.80%) IBM
5 283 (2.71%) SAP
6 273 (2.61%) Red Hat
7 220 (2.10%) Splunk
8 192 (1.84%) VMware
9 177 (1.69%) MuleSoft
10 167 (1.60%) Atlassian
11 142 (1.36%) Salesforce.com
12 129 (1.23%) Adobe
13 127 (1.21%) hybris
14 107 (1.02%) WSO2
15 105 (1.00%) webMethods
16 93 (0.89%) TIBCO
17 83 (0.79%) AppDynamics
18 82 (0.78%) HP
19 78 (0.75%) Informatica
20 76 (0.73%) Cloudera