The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 3 months to 29 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK / England
3 months to
29 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 6 6 8
Rank change year-on-year 0 +2  
Contract jobs citing Java 5435 5851 5208
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.02% 11.78% 10.73%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.58% 30.65% 28.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 3804 4054 3497
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.55%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £345 £325 £320
10% offered a daily rate of more than £625 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% -  
Number of hourly rates quoted 65 86 67
Median hourly rate £41.00 £38.75 £38.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.80% +1.30%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £25.00 £11.00 £31.64
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £57.00 £47.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £38.75 £38.25
% change year-on-year +5.80% +1.30%  

Java is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for programming language skills.

Contract Programming Language Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 17212 19089 18252
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 41.24% 38.43% 37.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 11879 13208 11970
Median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +3.33% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 391 436 385
Median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £35.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +12.67%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £23.00 £15.00 £20.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +3.75% +11.11%  

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing Java as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Programming Languages category.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 3 months to 29 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 3 months to 29 March 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 3 months to 29 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 2973 £525 - 918
South East +2 750 £450 +5.88% 274
Yorkshire +4 351 £420 -1.17% 134
North West -2 313 £425 +6.25% 158
East of England +8 304 £450 +5.88% 131
South West -1 293 £401 +1.90% 125
East Midlands +11 160 £405 +11.72% 63
West Midlands -7 151 £425 -3.40% 40
North East -1 110 £350 +7.69% 29
Midlands +6 8 £400 -20.00% 1
South Coast - 3 £550 -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 29 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 5604 (51.97%) Agile Software Development
2 2711 (25.14%) JavaScript
3 2614 (24.24%) TDD
4 2511 (23.29%) Spring
5 2352 (21.81%) SQL
6 2260 (20.96%) Linux
7 2066 (19.16%) Finance
8 1993 (18.48%) HTML
9 1985 (18.41%) Scrum
10 1858 (17.23%) Python
11 1849 (17.15%) Oracle
11 1849 (17.15%) Git (software)
12 1780 (16.51%) Web Services
13 1715 (15.90%) Jenkins
14 1703 (15.79%) DevOps
15 1616 (14.99%) Continuous Integration
16 1545 (14.33%) CSS
17 1530 (14.19%) REST
18 1516 (14.06%) BDD
19 1468 (13.61%) XML
20 1433 (13.29%) Banking
21 1299 (12.05%) Scala
22 1283 (11.90%) Unix
23 1172 (10.87%) Microservices
24 1171 (10.86%) Amazon AWS
25 1162 (10.78%) J2EE
26 1136 (10.54%) Maven
27 1128 (10.46%) OO
28 1119 (10.38%) Open Source
29 1094 (10.15%) AngularJS

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 688 (6.38%) Tomcat
2 667 (6.19%) Apache Spark
3 658 (6.10%) Apache
4 516 (4.79%) WebSphere
5 503 (4.66%) Confluence
6 447 (4.15%) JBoss
7 424 (3.93%) WebLogic
8 313 (2.90%) Elasticsearch
9 248 (2.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 191 (1.77%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 186 (1.72%) CMS
12 181 (1.68%) nginx
13 151 (1.40%) Apache Pig
14 136 (1.26%) Mule
14 136 (1.26%) OpenStack
15 120 (1.11%) Cloud Foundry
16 102 (0.95%) WebSphere Application Server
17 98 (0.91%) IIS
18 89 (0.83%) Oracle Coherence
19 72 (0.67%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 155 (1.44%) MS Excel
2 60 (0.56%) MS Office
3 29 (0.27%) MS Visio
4 17 (0.16%) MS PowerPoint
4 17 (0.16%) SPSS
5 16 (0.15%) Photoshop
6 13 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
7 12 (0.11%) MS Project
8 11 (0.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 10 (0.093%) OmniGraffle
10 9 (0.083%) Spreadsheet
11 7 (0.065%) HipChat
11 7 (0.065%) Weka
12 3 (0.028%) Adobe After Effects
12 3 (0.028%) Simulink
13 2 (0.019%) Chatbot
13 2 (0.019%) InfoPath
13 2 (0.019%) InVision
13 2 (0.019%) Mathematica
14 1 (0.009%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 131 (1.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 71 (0.66%) Oracle BPM
3 56 (0.52%) ION MarketView
4 43 (0.40%) Payment Gateway
5 37 (0.34%) Adobe Campaign
6 32 (0.30%) Oracle Applications
7 30 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
7 30 (0.28%) Unica
8 28 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
9 20 (0.19%) Endur
9 20 (0.19%) RMDS
9 20 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
10 18 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 16 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
12 15 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
13 14 (0.13%) Magento
13 14 (0.13%) SAP HR
14 12 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
15 10 (0.093%) Maximo
15 10 (0.093%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 1171 (10.86%) Amazon AWS
2 352 (3.26%) Microsoft Azure
3 304 (2.82%) GitHub
4 189 (1.75%) PaaS
5 185 (1.72%) Amazon EC2
6 121 (1.12%) Cloud Computing
7 117 (1.09%) SaaS
8 116 (1.08%) Google Cloud Platform
9 110 (1.02%) IaaS
10 96 (0.89%) Amazon S3
11 79 (0.73%) AWS CloudFormation
12 64 (0.59%) OpenShift
13 55 (0.51%) Amazon SQS
14 54 (0.50%) Google App Engine
15 46 (0.43%) AWS Lambda
16 41 (0.38%) Slack
16 41 (0.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 35 (0.32%) Heroku
18 32 (0.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 28 (0.26%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 577 (5.35%) HTTP
2 315 (2.92%) TCP/IP
3 209 (1.94%) SSL
4 202 (1.87%) Internet
5 150 (1.39%) LDAP
6 141 (1.31%) Firewall
7 124 (1.15%) DNS
8 72 (0.67%) Kerberos
9 52 (0.48%) FTP
10 49 (0.45%) SSH
11 48 (0.45%) HTTPS
12 46 (0.43%) Network Security
13 43 (0.40%) DHCP
14 28 (0.26%) Intrusion Detection
14 28 (0.26%) LAN
15 27 (0.25%) IPsec
16 25 (0.23%) Intranet
16 25 (0.23%) SAN
17 21 (0.19%) WAN
18 20 (0.19%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 959 (8.89%) Big Data
2 875 (8.11%) Hadoop
3 849 (7.87%) MongoDB
4 798 (7.40%) NoSQL
5 769 (7.13%) Relational Database
6 622 (5.77%) SQL Server
7 597 (5.54%) MySQL
8 581 (5.39%) PostgreSQL
9 398 (3.69%) Oracle Database
10 366 (3.39%) Apache Cassandra
11 353 (3.27%) Apache Hive
12 257 (2.38%) HBase
13 218 (2.02%) RDBMS
14 204 (1.89%) Redis
15 189 (1.75%) DB2
16 152 (1.41%) Data Warehouse
17 107 (0.99%) Oracle Database 11g
18 90 (0.83%) BusinessObjects
19 87 (0.81%) Oracle Reports
20 84 (0.78%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 1849 (17.15%) Git (software)
2 1715 (15.90%) Jenkins
3 1136 (10.54%) Maven
4 1060 (9.83%) JIRA
5 1005 (9.32%) Selenium
6 855 (7.93%) JUnit
7 837 (7.76%) Cucumber
8 537 (4.98%) Subversion
9 439 (4.07%) Gradle
10 401 (3.72%) Eclipse
11 379 (3.51%) WebDriver
12 378 (3.51%) Mockito
13 349 (3.24%) Ant
14 234 (2.17%) SoapUI
15 221 (2.05%) IntelliJ
16 220 (2.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 177 (1.64%) TeamCity
18 156 (1.45%) Bitbucket
19 134 (1.24%) JMeter
20 123 (1.14%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 2066 (19.16%) Finance
2 1433 (13.29%) Banking
3 513 (4.76%) Investment Banking
4 466 (4.32%) Front Office
5 413 (3.83%) Retail
6 264 (2.45%) Telecoms
7 256 (2.37%) Marketing
8 208 (1.93%) Games
9 169 (1.57%) Manufacturing
10 134 (1.24%) Electronics
11 133 (1.23%) Publishing
12 120 (1.11%) Back Office
13 87 (0.81%) Financial Institution
14 56 (0.52%) Law
15 55 (0.51%) Legal
16 53 (0.49%) Advertising
16 53 (0.49%) Retail Banking
17 30 (0.28%) Automotive
18 27 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
19 21 (0.19%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 6417 (59.51%) Developer
2 4051 (37.57%) Java Developer
3 913 (8.47%) Architect
4 899 (8.34%) Senior Developer
5 661 (6.13%) Senior Java Developer
6 572 (5.30%) DevOps Engineer
7 486 (4.51%) Agile Developer
8 467 (4.33%) Analyst
9 440 (4.08%) Java Engineer
10 434 (4.02%) Agile Java Developer
11 426 (3.95%) Scala Developer
12 343 (3.18%) JavaScript Developer
13 339 (3.14%) Tester
14 336 (3.12%) Consultant
15 293 (2.72%) Software Engineer
16 273 (2.53%) Solutions Architect
17 251 (2.33%) Full Stack Developer
18 249 (2.31%) Android Developer
19 242 (2.24%) Automation Tester
20 239 (2.22%) Java Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2511 (23.29%) Spring
2 1993 (18.48%) HTML
3 1780 (16.51%) Web Services
4 1545 (14.33%) CSS
5 1530 (14.19%) REST
6 1468 (13.61%) XML
7 1162 (10.78%) J2EE
8 1094 (10.15%) AngularJS
9 1091 (10.12%) Hibernate
10 1076 (9.98%) RESTful
11 1023 (9.49%) JSON
12 951 (8.82%) SOAP
13 901 (8.36%) HTML5
14 805 (7.47%) Node.js
15 763 (7.08%) .NET
16 512 (4.75%) jQuery
17 509 (4.72%) CSS3
18 501 (4.65%) Java EE
19 452 (4.19%) Spring Boot
20 445 (4.13%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 563 (5.22%) Analytical Skills
2 437 (4.05%) Computer Science
3 432 (4.01%) User Experience
4 339 (3.14%) Mobile App
5 332 (3.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 249 (2.31%) Fixed Income
7 245 (2.27%) Algorithms
8 232 (2.15%) Derivative
9 230 (2.13%) Equities
10 202 (1.87%) Enterprise Software
11 183 (1.70%) Data Structures
12 127 (1.18%) Virtual Team
13 122 (1.13%) Fintech
14 110 (1.02%) Linux Command Line
15 95 (0.88%) Client/Server
16 92 (0.85%) Data Centre
16 92 (0.85%) iPad
17 91 (0.84%) Management Information System
18 79 (0.73%) Credit Risk
19 78 (0.72%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 2260 (20.96%) Linux
2 1283 (11.90%) Unix
3 649 (6.02%) Windows
4 448 (4.15%) Android
5 279 (2.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 212 (1.97%) Apple iOS
7 193 (1.79%) CentOS
8 128 (1.19%) Mac OS X
9 119 (1.10%) Solaris
10 114 (1.06%) Ubuntu
11 106 (0.98%) Windows Server
12 100 (0.93%) AIX
13 37 (0.34%) HPUX
14 34 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
15 32 (0.30%) Debian
15 32 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
16 30 (0.28%) Mac OS
17 22 (0.20%) CoreOS
18 21 (0.19%) Windows 7
18 21 (0.19%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 5604 (51.97%) Agile Software Development
2 2614 (24.24%) TDD
3 1985 (18.41%) Scrum
4 1703 (15.79%) DevOps
5 1616 (14.99%) Continuous Integration
6 1516 (14.06%) BDD
7 1172 (10.87%) Microservices
8 1128 (10.46%) OO
9 1119 (10.38%) Open Source
10 1014 (9.40%) Software Engineering
11 772 (7.16%) E-Commerce
12 643 (5.96%) SDLC
13 633 (5.87%) SOA
14 625 (5.80%) MVC
15 618 (5.73%) Kanban
16 617 (5.72%) Automated Testing
17 611 (5.67%) Unit Testing
18 594 (5.51%) Configuration Management
19 566 (5.25%) Web Development
20 536 (4.97%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2711 (25.14%) JavaScript
2 2352 (21.81%) SQL
3 1858 (17.23%) Python
4 1299 (12.05%) Scala
5 886 (8.22%) Ruby
6 880 (8.16%) C#
7 667 (6.19%) C++
8 531 (4.92%) Perl
9 448 (4.15%) C
10 413 (3.83%) Bash Shell
11 395 (3.66%) Shell Script
12 389 (3.61%) Groovy
13 387 (3.59%) PHP
14 378 (3.51%) PL/SQL
15 209 (1.94%) Go
16 207 (1.92%) R
17 122 (1.13%) PowerShell
18 98 (0.91%) Objective-C
19 95 (0.88%) XPath
20 92 (0.85%) VB
Qualifications
1 766 (7.10%) Security Cleared
2 586 (5.43%) Degree
3 485 (4.50%) SC Cleared
4 154 (1.43%) DV Cleared
5 109 (1.01%) ISEB
6 106 (0.98%) BPSS Clearance
7 86 (0.80%) ISTQB
8 40 (0.37%) Sun Certification
9 39 (0.36%) CISSP
10 36 (0.33%) PhD
11 33 (0.31%) RHCE
12 28 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 26 (0.24%) BC Cleared
14 19 (0.18%) RHCSA
15 17 (0.16%) CISA
16 15 (0.14%) PMP
17 14 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
17 14 (0.13%) PMI Certification
18 13 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
19 12 (0.11%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 704 (6.53%) QA
2 91 (0.84%) MiFID
3 78 (0.72%) SDET
4 63 (0.58%) SLA
5 59 (0.55%) Disclosure Scotland
6 46 (0.43%) PCI DSS
7 42 (0.39%) Dodd-Frank
7 42 (0.39%) EMIR
8 41 (0.38%) Data Quality
9 24 (0.22%) FATCA
10 14 (0.13%) HL7
11 13 (0.12%) SEPA
12 10 (0.093%) WCAG
13 8 (0.074%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 8 (0.074%) JSP 440
13 8 (0.074%) PMO
14 7 (0.065%) PA-DSS
15 5 (0.046%) ISO20022
16 4 (0.037%) GDPR
17 3 (0.028%) IFRS
System Software
1 1015 (9.41%) Docker
2 145 (1.34%) HDFS
3 138 (1.28%) VMware Infrastructure
4 99 (0.92%) Active Directory
5 77 (0.71%) Apache Flume
6 71 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
7 36 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 32 (0.30%) Xen
9 27 (0.25%) vCloud
10 25 (0.23%) Oracle RAC
10 25 (0.23%) vSphere
11 21 (0.19%) Hyper-V
12 20 (0.19%) NFS
12 20 (0.19%) Shibboleth
13 15 (0.14%) KVM
14 12 (0.11%) LXC
14 12 (0.11%) VirtualBox
15 11 (0.10%) Squid
16 10 (0.093%) etcd
16 10 (0.093%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 822 (7.62%) Puppet
2 696 (6.45%) Ansible
3 505 (4.68%) Opscode Chef
4 235 (2.18%) Kubernetes
5 128 (1.19%) Terraform
6 115 (1.07%) Hadoop YARN
7 103 (0.96%) Nagios
8 99 (0.92%) Kibana
9 81 (0.75%) logstash
9 81 (0.75%) Salt
10 60 (0.56%) Oozie
11 52 (0.48%) Mesos
12 48 (0.45%) Graphite
13 45 (0.42%) Grafana
14 43 (0.40%) ZABBIX
15 42 (0.39%) Oracle Identity Management
16 38 (0.35%) Tivoli
17 33 (0.31%) Rancher
18 32 (0.30%) Consul
18 32 (0.30%) Oracle Identity Manager
Vendors
1 1849 (17.15%) Oracle
2 410 (3.80%) IBM
3 355 (3.29%) Microsoft
4 340 (3.15%) Red Hat
5 297 (2.75%) SAP
6 283 (2.62%) Google
7 248 (2.30%) Adobe
8 242 (2.24%) VMware
9 207 (1.92%) Atlassian
10 192 (1.78%) Sybase
11 183 (1.70%) Splunk
12 163 (1.51%) TIBCO
13 158 (1.47%) hybris
14 153 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
15 134 (1.24%) ATG
16 119 (1.10%) MuleSoft
17 118 (1.09%) HP
18 102 (0.95%) Hortonworks
19 93 (0.86%) Cloudera
19 93 (0.86%) ION Trading
North West London
Square One Resources
Rate: Up to £400 per day 6 Months Contract
Posted: 1 hour ago
North Yorkshire
Rullion
Rate: £300 - £325 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
AMsource Technology
Rate: From £340 to £375 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £475 - £520 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Manchester, Lancashire
TEKsystems
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 23 hours ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £425 - £450 per day + benefits
Posted: 18 hours ago
Surrey
Oscar
Posted: 22 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Swindon, Wiltshire
Austin Fraser
Rate: £375 - £475 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
AMS contingency
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Understanding Recruitment
Rate: £350.00 - £425.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
South East London
Client Server
Rate: £450 to £500 p/day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Chester, Cheshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £425 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Surrey
Initi8 Recruitment
Rate: £400 - £475 Per Day
Posted: 16 hours ago
Liverpool, Merseyside
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400.00 - £430.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £600 - £650 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £450 - £500 per day + DOE
Posted: 15 hours ago
Northampton, Northamptonshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £380 - £440 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Cheshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £380 - £440 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Pioneer Search
Rate: £575 - £625 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Unspecified Neg
Posted: 16 hours ago
Northamptonshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Up to £420 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £300 - £340 per day on a 3 month rolling contract
Posted: 1 hour ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £300.00 - £380.00 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £370 - £380 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Uniting Ambition
Rate: £350 - 400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Cheshire
Oscar
Rate: £360 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Oscar
Posted: 22 hours ago