Period
to 14 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 14 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 5 6
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 13,162 11,876 12,603
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.08% 13.48% 12.48%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.60% 32.11% 31.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,331 8,300 9,007
England median daily rate £500 £500 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.53% +3.33%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £315
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £450
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 81 131 143
England median hourly rate £43.00 £41.50 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.61% +15.28% -10.00%
10th Percentile £21.00 £26.25 £12.25
90th Percentile £77.50 £63.75 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year +1.18% +18.06% -10.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41,653 36,983 39,836
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 44.57% 41.98% 39.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,508 25,572 27,693
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £281
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 692 727 824
England median hourly rate £41.57 £41.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.39% +9.33% +4.17%
10th Percentile £17.45 £16.33 £14.50
90th Percentile £53.68 £53.30 £51.50
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +2.50% +6.67% +7.14%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 7,683 £550 +4.76% 1,626
South East +2 1,803 £450 - 507
North of England +3 1,740 £425 - 531
North West -1 805 £425 -2.86% 290
Midlands +10 776 £425 - 224
Yorkshire 0 753 £439 +3.24% 204
East of England +2 642 £498 +10.56% 291
South West -3 499 £425 +3.03% 230
West Midlands +10 445 £450 +5.88% 130
East Midlands +8 329 £425 - 94
North East +4 184 £400 +9.59% 37
South Coast +1 3 - -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 6,659 (50.59%) Agile Software Development
2 3,482 (26.45%) Spring
3 3,312 (25.16%) TDD
4 2,920 (22.19%) JavaScript
5 2,635 (20.02%) Jenkins
6 2,579 (19.59%) DevOps
7 2,558 (19.43%) Microservices
8 2,525 (19.18%) Amazon AWS
9 2,484 (18.87%) Test Automation
10 2,467 (18.74%) SQL
11 2,441 (18.55%) Finance
12 2,433 (18.49%) Git (software)
13 2,376 (18.05%) Java 8
14 2,289 (17.39%) Linux
15 2,282 (17.34%) Scrum
16 2,093 (15.90%) Web Services
17 2,075 (15.77%) Python
18 2,022 (15.36%) Docker
19 2,015 (15.31%) Continuous Integration
20 1,953 (14.84%) REST
21 1,918 (14.57%) BDD
22 1,734 (13.17%) Oracle
23 1,706 (12.96%) RESTful
24 1,659 (12.60%) Maven
25 1,630 (12.38%) HTML
26 1,563 (11.88%) Spring Boot
27 1,512 (11.49%) Banking
28 1,401 (10.64%) AngularJS
29 1,387 (10.54%) OO
30 1,346 (10.23%) Unix

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 779 (5.92%) Tomcat
2 746 (5.67%) Confluence
3 700 (5.32%) Apache
4 676 (5.14%) Apache Spark
5 524 (3.98%) WebSphere
6 483 (3.67%) Elasticsearch
7 443 (3.37%) WebLogic
8 373 (2.83%) JBoss
9 227 (1.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 201 (1.53%) Cloud Foundry
11 195 (1.48%) Mule
12 178 (1.35%) OpenStack
13 161 (1.22%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 153 (1.16%) CMS
14 153 (1.16%) nginx
15 122 (0.93%) Apache Solr
16 117 (0.89%) Jetty
17 99 (0.75%) IIS
18 96 (0.73%) Oracle Service Bus
18 96 (0.73%) WildFly
Applications
1 107 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 66 (0.50%) Photoshop
3 34 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
4 30 (0.23%) MS Visio
5 29 (0.22%) GIMP
6 18 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 17 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
8 13 (0.099%) Chatbot
9 12 (0.091%) Spreadsheet
10 10 (0.076%) CATIA
10 10 (0.076%) Fireworks
11 9 (0.068%) Microsoft Project
12 7 (0.053%) Stata
13 4 (0.030%) AutoCAD
14 3 (0.023%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 3 (0.023%) HipChat
14 3 (0.023%) InVision
14 3 (0.023%) OmniGraffle
15 2 (0.015%) PTC Creo
15 2 (0.015%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 84 (0.64%) ION MarketView
2 33 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
3 29 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
4 28 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
5 20 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
6 19 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
7 18 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
8 17 (0.13%) Actimize
8 17 (0.13%) Magento
9 14 (0.11%) Maximo
10 12 (0.091%) Oracle EBS R12
10 12 (0.091%) Oracle General Ledger
10 12 (0.091%) Remedy ITSM
11 11 (0.084%) Oracle ERP
11 11 (0.084%) Oracle Financials
12 10 (0.076%) Distributed Ledger
12 10 (0.076%) ENOVIA
12 10 (0.076%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 9 (0.068%) Endur
13 9 (0.068%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 2,525 (19.18%) Amazon AWS
2 927 (7.04%) Microsoft Azure
3 474 (3.60%) GitHub
4 310 (2.36%) Google Cloud Platform
5 306 (2.32%) Amazon EC2
6 270 (2.05%) Amazon S3
7 255 (1.94%) PaaS
8 211 (1.60%) Serverless
9 163 (1.24%) AWS Lambda
10 159 (1.21%) OpenShift
11 130 (0.99%) SaaS
12 129 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
13 110 (0.84%) IaaS
14 103 (0.78%) npm
14 103 (0.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 100 (0.76%) AWS CloudFormation
16 91 (0.69%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 71 (0.54%) Slack
18 63 (0.48%) Amazon Kinesis
19 62 (0.47%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 475 (3.61%) HTTP
2 269 (2.04%) TCP/IP
3 222 (1.69%) SSL
4 156 (1.19%) DNS
5 126 (0.96%) Internet
6 120 (0.91%) FTP
7 100 (0.76%) Kerberos
8 89 (0.68%) Firewall
9 67 (0.51%) SMS
10 57 (0.43%) DHCP
11 56 (0.43%) IPsec
12 53 (0.40%) SSH
13 35 (0.27%) VPN
14 34 (0.26%) Ethernet
15 30 (0.23%) PuTTY
16 28 (0.21%) Network Security
16 28 (0.21%) SAN
16 28 (0.21%) SNMP
17 25 (0.19%) AMQP
18 24 (0.18%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,279 (9.72%) NoSQL
2 993 (7.54%) Relational Database
3 967 (7.35%) Big Data
4 931 (7.07%) MongoDB
5 891 (6.77%) PostgreSQL
6 807 (6.13%) MySQL
7 802 (6.09%) Hadoop
8 680 (5.17%) SQL Server
9 467 (3.55%) Apache Cassandra
10 369 (2.80%) RDBMS
11 361 (2.74%) HBase
12 311 (2.36%) Oracle Database
13 303 (2.30%) Apache Hive
14 189 (1.44%) Data Warehouse
15 182 (1.38%) Redis
16 162 (1.23%) Amazon Redshift
17 158 (1.20%) Amazon RDS
18 132 (1.00%) Oracle Database 11g
19 120 (0.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 112 (0.85%) DB2
Development Applications
1 2,635 (20.02%) Jenkins
2 2,433 (18.49%) Git (software)
3 1,659 (12.60%) Maven
4 1,306 (9.92%) JIRA
5 1,283 (9.75%) Selenium
6 1,103 (8.38%) Cucumber
7 1,004 (7.63%) JUnit
8 509 (3.87%) Gradle
9 467 (3.55%) Subversion
10 442 (3.36%) Mockito
11 359 (2.73%) Eclipse
12 325 (2.47%) SoapUI
13 315 (2.39%) WebDriver
14 264 (2.01%) Ant
15 258 (1.96%) IntelliJ
16 255 (1.94%) SonarQube
17 248 (1.88%) Bitbucket
18 236 (1.79%) JMeter
19 220 (1.67%) TeamCity
20 203 (1.54%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 2,441 (18.55%) Finance
2 1,512 (11.49%) Banking
3 710 (5.39%) Front Office
4 469 (3.56%) Investment Banking
5 434 (3.30%) Retail
6 298 (2.26%) Telecoms
7 207 (1.57%) Marketing
8 187 (1.42%) Games
9 144 (1.09%) Back Office
10 137 (1.04%) Manufacturing
11 116 (0.88%) Advertising
12 112 (0.85%) Financial Institution
13 108 (0.82%) Electronics
14 91 (0.69%) Publishing
15 78 (0.59%) Law
16 72 (0.55%) Legal
17 59 (0.45%) Retail Banking
18 50 (0.38%) Automotive
19 36 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
20 25 (0.19%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 7,953 (60.42%) Developer
2 5,339 (40.56%) Java Developer
3 1,149 (8.73%) Senior Developer
4 874 (6.64%) Senior Java Developer
5 849 (6.45%) Architect
6 734 (5.58%) DevOps Engineer
7 681 (5.17%) Java Engineer
8 547 (4.16%) Analyst
9 499 (3.79%) Software Engineer
10 433 (3.29%) Tester
11 431 (3.27%) Full Stack Developer
12 327 (2.48%) Lead Developer
13 321 (2.44%) AWS Engineer
14 296 (2.25%) Agile Developer
14 296 (2.25%) Automation Tester
15 292 (2.22%) Test Analyst
16 277 (2.10%) Data Engineer
16 277 (2.10%) Solutions Architect
17 270 (2.05%) Lead Java Developer
18 267 (2.03%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,482 (26.45%) Spring
2 2,093 (15.90%) Web Services
3 1,953 (14.84%) REST
4 1,706 (12.96%) RESTful
5 1,630 (12.38%) HTML
6 1,563 (11.88%) Spring Boot
7 1,401 (10.64%) AngularJS
8 1,308 (9.94%) Hibernate
9 1,258 (9.56%) XML
10 1,246 (9.47%) Node.js
11 1,207 (9.17%) CSS
12 1,114 (8.46%) JSON
13 1,099 (8.35%) J2EE
14 1,083 (8.23%) Kafka
15 1,058 (8.04%) SOAP
16 837 (6.36%) React
17 833 (6.33%) .NET
18 733 (5.57%) HTML5
19 568 (4.32%) Middleware
20 545 (4.14%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 819 (6.22%) Greenfield Project
2 594 (4.51%) Analytical Skills
3 469 (3.56%) User Experience
4 465 (3.53%) Computer Science
5 423 (3.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 418 (3.18%) Mobile App
7 322 (2.45%) Fintech
8 289 (2.20%) Algorithms
9 283 (2.15%) Fixed Income
10 275 (2.09%) Derivative
11 229 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
12 228 (1.73%) Equities
13 206 (1.57%) Linux Command Line
14 200 (1.52%) Data Structures
15 177 (1.34%) Self-Motivation
16 148 (1.12%) Public Cloud
17 132 (1.00%) Data Centre
18 109 (0.83%) Virtual Team
19 101 (0.77%) Hedge funds
20 100 (0.76%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 2,289 (17.39%) Linux
2 1,346 (10.23%) Unix
3 695 (5.28%) Windows
4 576 (4.38%) Android
5 337 (2.56%) Apple iOS
6 292 (2.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 141 (1.07%) Windows Server
8 132 (1.00%) Ubuntu
9 127 (0.96%) CentOS
10 76 (0.58%) VMS
11 68 (0.52%) Mac OS X
12 61 (0.46%) Solaris
13 42 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
14 34 (0.26%) AIX
15 28 (0.21%) Debian
16 18 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
17 17 (0.13%) Mac OS
17 17 (0.13%) Windows Server 2003
17 17 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
18 15 (0.11%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,659 (50.59%) Agile Software Development
2 3,312 (25.16%) TDD
3 2,579 (19.59%) DevOps
4 2,558 (19.43%) Microservices
5 2,484 (18.87%) Test Automation
6 2,282 (17.34%) Scrum
7 2,015 (15.31%) Continuous Integration
8 1,918 (14.57%) BDD
9 1,387 (10.54%) OO
10 1,272 (9.66%) Software Engineering
11 1,118 (8.49%) Open Source
12 978 (7.43%) Problem-Solving
13 872 (6.63%) Kanban
14 811 (6.16%) E-Commerce
15 733 (5.57%) SDLC
16 723 (5.49%) Multithreading
17 685 (5.20%) MVC
18 680 (5.17%) Configuration Management
19 678 (5.15%) SOA
20 626 (4.76%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,920 (22.19%) JavaScript
2 2,467 (18.74%) SQL
3 2,376 (18.05%) Java 8
4 2,075 (15.77%) Python
5 1,165 (8.85%) Scala
6 1,035 (7.86%) C#
7 754 (5.73%) C++
8 713 (5.42%) Ruby
9 522 (3.97%) Groovy
10 465 (3.53%) Perl
11 416 (3.16%) Bash Shell
12 379 (2.88%) Shell Script
13 354 (2.69%) C
14 326 (2.48%) PL/SQL
15 315 (2.39%) PHP
16 274 (2.08%) Go
17 211 (1.60%) TypeScript
18 190 (1.44%) Kotlin
19 177 (1.34%) ES6
20 148 (1.12%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,167 (8.87%) Security Cleared
2 904 (6.87%) SC Cleared
3 688 (5.23%) Degree
4 206 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
5 203 (1.54%) ISEB
6 184 (1.40%) ISTQB
7 120 (0.91%) DV Cleared
8 115 (0.87%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 108 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
10 67 (0.51%) Master's Degree
11 55 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
12 49 (0.37%) AWS Certification
13 27 (0.21%) ISEB Practitioner
14 26 (0.20%) PhD
15 20 (0.15%) Sun Certification
16 19 (0.14%) CISSP
16 19 (0.14%) DBS Check
17 17 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
18 16 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
18 16 (0.12%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 699 (5.31%) QA
2 114 (0.87%) GCP
3 76 (0.58%) Data Quality
4 64 (0.49%) GDPR
5 50 (0.38%) SLA
6 36 (0.27%) PMO
7 30 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
8 20 (0.15%) PCI DSS
9 15 (0.11%) MiFID
10 14 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 14 (0.11%) PSD2
11 12 (0.091%) EMIR
12 11 (0.084%) SEPA
13 10 (0.076%) Dodd-Frank
13 10 (0.076%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 9 (0.068%) WCAG
15 7 (0.053%) HIPAA
15 7 (0.053%) ISO 20022
16 5 (0.038%) ISO 8583
16 5 (0.038%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 2,022 (15.36%) Docker
2 207 (1.57%) HDFS
3 153 (1.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 123 (0.93%) Virtual Machines
5 115 (0.87%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 72 (0.55%) Active Directory
7 69 (0.52%) vSphere
8 50 (0.38%) Apache Flume
9 45 (0.34%) Xen
10 30 (0.23%) Oracle RAC
11 22 (0.17%) OpenAM
12 18 (0.14%) KVM
13 16 (0.12%) Hyper-V
13 16 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
14 13 (0.099%) VirtualBox
15 11 (0.084%) Virtual Servers
16 10 (0.076%) etcd
16 10 (0.076%) LXC
16 10 (0.076%) NFS
16 10 (0.076%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,077 (8.18%) Ansible
2 883 (6.71%) Puppet
3 864 (6.56%) Kubernetes
4 627 (4.76%) Terraform
5 614 (4.66%) Opscode Chef
6 172 (1.31%) Kibana
7 128 (0.97%) Hadoop YARN
8 123 (0.93%) Nagios
9 119 (0.90%) Mesos
10 106 (0.81%) Grafana
11 100 (0.76%) Packer
12 99 (0.75%) logstash
13 78 (0.59%) Salt
14 76 (0.58%) ZABBIX
15 75 (0.57%) Consul
16 73 (0.55%) Oozie
17 66 (0.50%) Docker Swarm
17 66 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
18 61 (0.46%) HP ALM
19 48 (0.36%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 1,734 (13.17%) Oracle
2 479 (3.64%) Google
3 454 (3.45%) Microsoft
4 385 (2.93%) IBM
5 287 (2.18%) Red Hat
6 272 (2.07%) SAP
7 235 (1.79%) Adobe
8 218 (1.66%) VMware
9 213 (1.62%) Splunk
10 201 (1.53%) Atlassian
11 179 (1.36%) TIBCO
12 175 (1.33%) MuleSoft
13 163 (1.24%) hybris
14 156 (1.19%) webMethods
15 136 (1.03%) Salesforce.com
15 136 (1.03%) Sybase
16 117 (0.89%) HP
17 105 (0.80%) New Relic
18 102 (0.77%) Cloudera
19 96 (0.73%) AppDynamics