Period
to 15 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 15 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
15 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 5 6
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 13,710 13,164 12,331
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.40% 13.90% 12.48%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.96% 32.97% 30.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,683 9,430 8,739
England median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £370 £356 £319
90th Percentile £675 £663 £625
UK median daily rate £508 £500 £451
% change year-on-year +1.50% +10.99% +0.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 90 133 133
England median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +8.11% -7.50%
10th Percentile £23.98 £26.11 £12.25
90th Percentile £57.83 £60.00 £50.20
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £40.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year +8.75% +3.90% -3.75%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,899 39,924 40,016
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 45.04% 42.15% 40.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,540 28,138 27,696
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £320 £310 £287
90th Percentile £650 £638 £590
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 627 751 831
England median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +1.35%
10th Percentile £17.21 £16.55 £14.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £52.17
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% +1.35%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 15 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 8,109 £550 +2.33% 1,851
South East -1 1,894 £475 - 639
North of England -1 1,537 £445 +4.71% 552
Midlands +11 895 £430 +1.18% 261
North West +2 782 £450 +5.88% 312
East of England +2 666 £510 +13.33% 297
Yorkshire -1 599 £450 +5.88% 164
South West -3 582 £450 +6.51% 280
West Midlands +14 580 £450 +7.02% 158
East Midlands +10 305 £425 - 102
North East +7 164 £413 +3.13% 76
South Coast +1 1 - -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 15 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 7,034 (51.31%) Agile Software Development
2 3,778 (27.56%) Spring
3 3,408 (24.86%) TDD
4 3,112 (22.70%) Microservices
5 3,042 (22.19%) JavaScript
6 2,854 (20.82%) Jenkins
7 2,827 (20.62%) DevOps
8 2,807 (20.47%) Amazon AWS
9 2,645 (19.29%) Test Automation
10 2,611 (19.04%) Java 8
11 2,530 (18.45%) Git (software)
12 2,492 (18.18%) Docker
13 2,429 (17.72%) Finance
14 2,424 (17.68%) SQL
15 2,205 (16.08%) Scrum
16 2,172 (15.84%) Python
17 2,153 (15.70%) Linux
18 2,111 (15.40%) BDD
19 2,105 (15.35%) Continuous Integration
20 2,056 (15.00%) Web Services
21 2,041 (14.89%) REST
22 1,979 (14.43%) Spring Boot
23 1,851 (13.50%) Maven
24 1,850 (13.49%) Oracle
25 1,734 (12.65%) HTML
25 1,734 (12.65%) RESTful
26 1,606 (11.71%) Banking
27 1,485 (10.83%) Selenium
27 1,485 (10.83%) AngularJS
28 1,482 (10.81%) JIRA

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 838 (6.11%) Confluence
2 741 (5.40%) Tomcat
3 665 (4.85%) Apache
4 625 (4.56%) Apache Spark
5 552 (4.03%) WebLogic
6 522 (3.81%) Elasticsearch
7 491 (3.58%) WebSphere
8 389 (2.84%) JBoss
9 238 (1.74%) OpenStack
10 226 (1.65%) Mule
10 226 (1.65%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 191 (1.39%) nginx
12 179 (1.31%) Cloud Foundry
13 166 (1.21%) CMS
14 144 (1.05%) Jetty
15 137 (1.00%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 115 (0.84%) IIS
17 108 (0.79%) Apache Solr
18 104 (0.76%) WildFly
19 102 (0.74%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 94 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 51 (0.37%) Photoshop
3 34 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
4 21 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
5 20 (0.15%) MS Visio
6 18 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 16 (0.12%) Chatbot
8 14 (0.10%) GIMP
9 13 (0.095%) Spreadsheet
10 12 (0.088%) Adobe Illustrator
11 11 (0.080%) Fireworks
12 9 (0.066%) CATIA
13 8 (0.058%) SPSS
14 4 (0.029%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 4 (0.029%) InVision
15 3 (0.022%) AutoCAD
15 3 (0.022%) HipChat
15 3 (0.022%) Windchill
16 2 (0.015%) EngageOne
16 2 (0.015%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 45 (0.33%) SAP Hybris
2 43 (0.31%) ION MarketView
3 42 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
4 35 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
5 31 (0.23%) Maximo
6 24 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
7 21 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
8 20 (0.15%) Actimize
9 17 (0.12%) Endur
10 12 (0.088%) BusinessWorks
10 12 (0.088%) Dynamics AX
10 12 (0.088%) Oracle Financials
11 11 (0.080%) Oracle Applications
11 11 (0.080%) SAP PSCD
12 10 (0.073%) Remedy ITSM
12 10 (0.073%) SAP ERP
13 9 (0.066%) ENOVIA
13 9 (0.066%) Magento
13 9 (0.066%) Payment Gateway
13 9 (0.066%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 2,807 (20.47%) Amazon AWS
2 1,107 (8.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 513 (3.74%) GitHub
4 361 (2.63%) Google Cloud Platform
5 338 (2.47%) Amazon EC2
6 302 (2.20%) Serverless
7 253 (1.85%) PaaS
8 248 (1.81%) Amazon S3
9 236 (1.72%) AWS Lambda
10 177 (1.29%) AWS CloudFormation
11 168 (1.23%) OpenShift
12 131 (0.96%) SaaS
13 126 (0.92%) Cloud Computing
14 123 (0.90%) npm
15 118 (0.86%) IaaS
16 103 (0.75%) Apigee
17 92 (0.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 86 (0.63%) BrowserStack
19 80 (0.58%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 76 (0.55%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 472 (3.44%) HTTP
2 245 (1.79%) TCP/IP
3 227 (1.66%) SSL
4 138 (1.01%) DNS
5 117 (0.85%) Internet
6 115 (0.84%) Firewall
7 105 (0.77%) Kerberos
8 90 (0.66%) FTP
9 53 (0.39%) DHCP
10 48 (0.35%) IPsec
11 47 (0.34%) SSH
12 36 (0.26%) VPN
12 36 (0.26%) Wireless
13 35 (0.26%) AMQP
13 35 (0.26%) HTTPS
14 34 (0.25%) Ethernet
14 34 (0.25%) SNMP
15 33 (0.24%) Network Security
16 30 (0.22%) SAN
17 27 (0.20%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,318 (9.61%) NoSQL
2 1,047 (7.64%) MongoDB
3 948 (6.91%) Relational Database
4 924 (6.74%) PostgreSQL
5 902 (6.58%) Big Data
6 888 (6.48%) MySQL
7 821 (5.99%) Hadoop
8 658 (4.80%) SQL Server
9 507 (3.70%) Apache Cassandra
10 372 (2.71%) RDBMS
11 307 (2.24%) HBase
12 287 (2.09%) Apache Hive
13 270 (1.97%) Oracle Database
14 175 (1.28%) Data Warehouse
14 175 (1.28%) Redis
15 146 (1.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 124 (0.90%) Couchbase
17 107 (0.78%) DB2
18 103 (0.75%) Amazon RDS
19 102 (0.74%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 2,854 (20.82%) Jenkins
2 2,530 (18.45%) Git (software)
3 1,851 (13.50%) Maven
4 1,485 (10.83%) Selenium
5 1,482 (10.81%) JIRA
6 1,231 (8.98%) Cucumber
7 1,076 (7.85%) JUnit
8 597 (4.35%) Gradle
9 477 (3.48%) Subversion
10 422 (3.08%) Mockito
11 410 (2.99%) WebDriver
12 356 (2.60%) JMeter
13 352 (2.57%) Eclipse
14 344 (2.51%) SoapUI
15 338 (2.47%) Bitbucket
16 319 (2.33%) SonarQube
17 290 (2.12%) IntelliJ
18 277 (2.02%) Ant
19 267 (1.95%) TeamCity
20 256 (1.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 2,429 (17.72%) Finance
2 1,606 (11.71%) Banking
3 701 (5.11%) Front Office
4 485 (3.54%) Retail
5 440 (3.21%) Investment Banking
6 277 (2.02%) Telecoms
7 224 (1.63%) Marketing
8 183 (1.33%) Games
9 153 (1.12%) Advertising
10 150 (1.09%) Back Office
11 144 (1.05%) Manufacturing
12 120 (0.88%) Financial Institution
13 115 (0.84%) Electronics
14 114 (0.83%) Publishing
15 71 (0.52%) Legal
16 66 (0.48%) Law
17 45 (0.33%) Retail Banking
18 40 (0.29%) Automotive
19 39 (0.28%) Aerospace
20 31 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 8,189 (59.73%) Developer
2 5,654 (41.24%) Java Developer
3 1,158 (8.45%) Senior Developer
4 891 (6.50%) Senior Java Developer
5 841 (6.13%) DevOps Engineer
6 821 (5.99%) Architect
7 674 (4.92%) Java Engineer
8 558 (4.07%) Tester
9 546 (3.98%) Full Stack Developer
9 546 (3.98%) Software Engineer
10 544 (3.97%) Analyst
11 387 (2.82%) Agile Developer
12 376 (2.74%) Automation Tester
13 370 (2.70%) AWS Developer
14 352 (2.57%) AWS Engineer
15 317 (2.31%) Lead Developer
16 307 (2.24%) Test Analyst
17 295 (2.15%) Consultant
18 285 (2.08%) Test Engineer
19 279 (2.04%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,778 (27.56%) Spring
2 2,056 (15.00%) Web Services
3 2,041 (14.89%) REST
4 1,979 (14.43%) Spring Boot
5 1,734 (12.65%) HTML
5 1,734 (12.65%) RESTful
6 1,485 (10.83%) AngularJS
7 1,359 (9.91%) CSS
8 1,323 (9.65%) Hibernate
9 1,294 (9.44%) Node.js
10 1,162 (8.48%) XML
11 1,134 (8.27%) Kafka
12 1,099 (8.02%) J2EE
13 1,056 (7.70%) JSON
14 1,006 (7.34%) SOAP
15 940 (6.86%) React
16 842 (6.14%) HTML5
17 832 (6.07%) .NET
18 610 (4.45%) Middleware
19 556 (4.06%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 1,052 (7.67%) Greenfield Project
2 527 (3.84%) Analytical Skills
3 502 (3.66%) Computer Science
4 390 (2.84%) User Experience
5 384 (2.80%) Mobile App
6 361 (2.63%) Fintech
7 342 (2.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 280 (2.04%) Fixed Income
9 274 (2.00%) Algorithms
10 263 (1.92%) Equities
11 236 (1.72%) Derivative
12 211 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
13 196 (1.43%) Linux Command Line
14 176 (1.28%) Data Structures
15 175 (1.28%) Self-Motivation
16 136 (0.99%) Data Centre
17 134 (0.98%) Public Cloud
18 93 (0.68%) Cloud Native
19 86 (0.63%) Virtual Team
20 82 (0.60%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 2,153 (15.70%) Linux
2 1,322 (9.64%) Unix
3 730 (5.32%) Windows
4 485 (3.54%) Android
5 266 (1.94%) Apple iOS
6 254 (1.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 117 (0.85%) CentOS
7 117 (0.85%) Ubuntu
8 114 (0.83%) Windows Server
9 92 (0.67%) VMS
10 63 (0.46%) Solaris
11 51 (0.37%) Mac OS X
12 37 (0.27%) AIX
13 36 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
14 28 (0.20%) Debian
15 22 (0.16%) SUSE
15 22 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
16 16 (0.12%) CoreOS
17 15 (0.11%) VME
18 14 (0.10%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,034 (51.31%) Agile Software Development
2 3,408 (24.86%) TDD
3 3,112 (22.70%) Microservices
4 2,827 (20.62%) DevOps
5 2,645 (19.29%) Test Automation
6 2,205 (16.08%) Scrum
7 2,111 (15.40%) BDD
8 2,105 (15.35%) Continuous Integration
9 1,372 (10.01%) Software Engineering
10 1,332 (9.72%) OO
11 1,205 (8.79%) Open Source
12 975 (7.11%) Problem-Solving
13 851 (6.21%) Kanban
14 753 (5.49%) E-Commerce
15 725 (5.29%) SOA
16 722 (5.27%) Multithreading
17 714 (5.21%) SDLC
18 682 (4.97%) Configuration Management
19 666 (4.86%) MVC
20 658 (4.80%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 3,042 (22.19%) JavaScript
2 2,611 (19.04%) Java 8
3 2,424 (17.68%) SQL
4 2,172 (15.84%) Python
5 1,140 (8.32%) Scala
6 1,080 (7.88%) C#
7 747 (5.45%) C++
8 626 (4.57%) Ruby
9 510 (3.72%) Groovy
10 397 (2.90%) Bash Shell
11 366 (2.67%) Perl
12 364 (2.65%) Shell Script
13 348 (2.54%) C
14 338 (2.47%) PL/SQL
15 305 (2.22%) PHP
16 304 (2.22%) Go
17 218 (1.59%) Kotlin
18 213 (1.55%) ES6
19 207 (1.51%) TypeScript
20 188 (1.37%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,175 (8.57%) Security Cleared
2 888 (6.48%) SC Cleared
3 689 (5.03%) Degree
4 253 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 220 (1.60%) ISTQB
6 216 (1.58%) ISEB
7 148 (1.08%) BPSS Clearance
8 131 (0.96%) DV Cleared
9 117 (0.85%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 73 (0.53%) AWS Certification
11 52 (0.38%) Master's Degree
12 35 (0.26%) CISSP
13 24 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
14 23 (0.17%) DBS Check
14 23 (0.17%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 23 (0.17%) ITIL Certification
14 23 (0.17%) PhD
15 19 (0.14%) CISM
15 19 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
16 17 (0.12%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 752 (5.49%) QA
2 49 (0.36%) GDPR
3 40 (0.29%) Data Quality
3 40 (0.29%) PMO
4 34 (0.25%) SLA
5 24 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
6 23 (0.17%) PCI DSS
7 21 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 21 (0.15%) PSD2
8 16 (0.12%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 15 (0.11%) HMG Infosec
9 15 (0.11%) JSP 440
10 13 (0.095%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 10 (0.073%) ISO 20022
11 10 (0.073%) ISO 9001
12 7 (0.051%) ISAE 3402
12 7 (0.051%) ISO 22301
12 7 (0.051%) ISO 31000
12 7 (0.051%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 7 (0.051%) WCAG
System Software
1 2,492 (18.18%) Docker
2 198 (1.44%) HDFS
3 176 (1.28%) VMware Infrastructure
4 125 (0.91%) Virtual Machines
5 103 (0.75%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 97 (0.71%) Active Directory
7 68 (0.50%) vSphere
8 49 (0.36%) Xen
9 37 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
10 32 (0.23%) NFS
11 30 (0.22%) Apache Flume
12 27 (0.20%) OpenAM
13 24 (0.18%) Hyper-V
14 23 (0.17%) KVM
14 23 (0.17%) VirtualBox
15 20 (0.15%) Firmware
16 17 (0.12%) OpenDJ
17 14 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
18 13 (0.095%) vCloud
19 11 (0.080%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 1,283 (9.36%) Ansible
2 1,088 (7.94%) Kubernetes
3 1,027 (7.49%) Puppet
4 800 (5.84%) Terraform
5 755 (5.51%) Opscode Chef
6 207 (1.51%) Kibana
7 135 (0.98%) logstash
8 132 (0.96%) Hadoop YARN
9 131 (0.96%) Packer
10 130 (0.95%) Grafana
11 124 (0.90%) Mesos
12 105 (0.77%) Nagios
13 97 (0.71%) Single Sign-On
14 88 (0.64%) Salt
15 79 (0.58%) Docker Swarm
16 77 (0.56%) ZABBIX
17 68 (0.50%) Oozie
18 64 (0.47%) Cobbler
19 61 (0.44%) Prometheus
20 47 (0.34%) CA Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 1,850 (13.49%) Oracle
2 522 (3.81%) Google
3 496 (3.62%) Microsoft
4 367 (2.68%) SAP
5 340 (2.48%) IBM
6 229 (1.67%) Red Hat
7 228 (1.66%) Splunk
8 223 (1.63%) Adobe
9 222 (1.62%) VMware
10 207 (1.51%) MuleSoft
11 191 (1.39%) Atlassian
12 179 (1.31%) webMethods
13 163 (1.19%) TIBCO
14 156 (1.14%) hybris
15 139 (1.01%) Salesforce.com
15 139 (1.01%) Sybase
16 112 (0.82%) WSO2
17 106 (0.77%) AppDynamics
18 101 (0.74%) New Relic
19 81 (0.59%) Pega