Period
to 10 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 10 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
10 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 11 10 6
Rank change year-on-year -1 -4 0
Contract jobs citing Java 5,127 5,498 10,927
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 11.59% 11.81% 12.86%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.28% 28.85% 29.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,669 3,932 7,542
10th Percentile £385 £382 £381
25th Percentile £456 £450 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £538 £525
Median % change year-on-year - +2.38% +5.00%
75th Percentile £650 £638 £625
90th Percentile £725 £700 £688
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 62 70
10th Percentile £27.25 £16.18 £20.88
25th Percentile £40.50 £22.87 £36.69
Median hourly rate £55.00 £45.50 £47.09
Median % change year-on-year +20.88% -3.37% +12.11%
75th Percentile £64.00 £57.88 £53.75
90th Percentile £68.00 £65.95 £63.35
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £46.67
% change year-on-year +5.56% -3.58% +13.14%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 18,131 19,055 36,732
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 40.99% 40.93% 43.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,933 13,570 26,132
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
25th Percentile £406 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £669 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £485 £475
% change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 369 323 572
10th Percentile £18.25 £17.22 £18.00
25th Percentile £25.00 £21.57 £31.25
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £44.00
Median % change year-on-year -1.16% -2.27% +10.00%
75th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £57.90 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £43.00
% change year-on-year - -1.16% +7.50%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 10 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 3,429 £575 +2.68% 994
North of England -2 403 £475 +3.26% 321
South East -7 368 £483 +1.58% 314
South West +1 292 £500 -4.76% 137
North West +6 219 £475 +5.56% 180
Midlands -8 192 £410 -8.89% 165
East of England -1 165 £510 +2.00% 101
West Midlands -15 131 £414 -3.33% 118
Yorkshire -8 104 £475 -2.06% 100
North East +5 80 £500 +12.36% 41
East Midlands -5 52 £388 -13.89% 44
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 10 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 2,273 (44.33%) Agile Software Development
2 1,349 (26.31%) Spring
3 1,312 (25.59%) Microservices
4 1,271 (24.79%) AWS
5 1,208 (23.56%) Python
6 1,160 (22.63%) Finance
7 1,088 (21.22%) SQL
8 1,072 (20.91%) DevOps
9 1,070 (20.87%) Docker
10 1,037 (20.23%) Kubernetes
11 1,010 (19.70%) JavaScript
12 980 (19.11%) Jenkins
13 943 (18.39%) Banking
14 895 (17.46%) Social Skills
15 878 (17.13%) Azure
16 871 (16.99%) TDD
17 854 (16.66%) Software Engineering
17 854 (16.66%) Git (software)
18 808 (15.76%) Spring Boot
19 760 (14.82%) Security Cleared
20 746 (14.55%) Test Automation
21 728 (14.20%) Linux
22 693 (13.52%) Scrum
23 682 (13.30%) Oracle
24 675 (13.17%) REST
25 640 (12.48%) Java 8
26 638 (12.44%) Web Services
27 615 (12.00%) Front Office
28 595 (11.61%) SC Cleared
29 590 (11.51%) Kafka

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 275 (5.36%) Apache
2 273 (5.32%) Apache Spark
3 252 (4.92%) Confluence
4 136 (2.65%) Tomcat
5 132 (2.57%) Mule
6 119 (2.32%) WebLogic
7 101 (1.97%) WebSphere
8 95 (1.85%) Elasticsearch
9 87 (1.70%) JBoss
10 84 (1.64%) Red Hat Fuse
11 76 (1.48%) Cloud Foundry
12 53 (1.03%) SharePoint
13 50 (0.98%) CMS
14 47 (0.92%) Apache Airflow
14 47 (0.92%) nginx
15 42 (0.82%) Oracle Coherence
16 37 (0.72%) WebSphere Application Server
17 27 (0.53%) Camunda
17 27 (0.53%) IBM Domino
18 25 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 42 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
2 23 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.20%) Photoshop
4 8 (0.16%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.059%) Sketch
6 2 (0.039%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.020%) Doxygen
7 1 (0.020%) Figma
7 1 (0.020%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.020%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 29 (0.57%) Magento
2 15 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
3 14 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
3 14 (0.27%) Shopify
4 9 (0.18%) Maximo
4 9 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
5 7 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
6 6 (0.12%) Adobe Campaign
6 6 (0.12%) ION MarketView
6 6 (0.12%) SAP ERP
7 5 (0.098%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 4 (0.078%) BusinessWorks
8 4 (0.078%) SAP CRM
8 4 (0.078%) SAP S/4HANA
9 3 (0.059%) Distributed Ledger
9 3 (0.059%) Dynamics AX
10 2 (0.039%) Dynamics NAV
10 2 (0.039%) IntelliMatch
10 2 (0.039%) Loan IQ
10 2 (0.039%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 1,271 (24.79%) AWS
2 878 (17.13%) Azure
3 511 (9.97%) GCP
4 275 (5.36%) Serverless
5 206 (4.02%) GitHub
6 164 (3.20%) AWS Lambda
7 158 (3.08%) OpenShift
8 144 (2.81%) PaaS
9 124 (2.42%) Amazon S3
10 96 (1.87%) IaaS
11 91 (1.77%) SaaS
12 87 (1.70%) AWS CloudFormation
13 86 (1.68%) Amazon EC2
14 71 (1.38%) Power Platform
15 62 (1.21%) Cloud Computing
16 46 (0.90%) Amazon ECS
16 46 (0.90%) Amazon EKS
17 43 (0.84%) Apigee
18 42 (0.82%) Amazon SQS
19 41 (0.80%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 119 (2.32%) HTTP
2 57 (1.11%) SSL
3 53 (1.03%) TCP/IP
4 48 (0.94%) DNS
5 44 (0.86%) Firewall
6 28 (0.55%) Kerberos
7 24 (0.47%) FTP
8 21 (0.41%) Internet
9 18 (0.35%) LAN
10 15 (0.29%) Network Security
10 15 (0.29%) SAN
11 14 (0.27%) VPN
12 13 (0.25%) DHCP
12 13 (0.25%) HTTPS
12 13 (0.25%) NAS
13 12 (0.23%) Ethernet
13 12 (0.23%) SMTP
14 11 (0.21%) Unified Communications
15 10 (0.20%) SSH
15 10 (0.20%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 328 (6.40%) NoSQL
2 309 (6.03%) Relational Database
3 270 (5.27%) Big Data
4 269 (5.25%) MongoDB
5 254 (4.95%) PostgreSQL
6 237 (4.62%) SQL Server
7 234 (4.56%) Hadoop
8 183 (3.57%) MySQL
9 102 (1.99%) Oracle Database
10 100 (1.95%) Apache Hive
11 99 (1.93%) Data Warehouse
12 92 (1.79%) Apache Cassandra
13 89 (1.74%) BigQuery
14 86 (1.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 71 (1.38%) RDBMS
16 66 (1.29%) Redis
17 61 (1.19%) HBase
18 55 (1.07%) Power BI
19 53 (1.03%) Apache Ignite
19 53 (1.03%) DB2
Development Applications
1 980 (19.11%) Jenkins
2 854 (16.66%) Git (software)
3 546 (10.65%) Maven
4 534 (10.42%) JIRA
5 305 (5.95%) Cucumber
6 292 (5.70%) JUnit
7 285 (5.56%) Selenium
8 177 (3.45%) Gradle
9 171 (3.34%) GitLab
10 158 (3.08%) Bitbucket
11 133 (2.59%) Mockito
12 117 (2.28%) Subversion
13 111 (2.17%) SonarQube
14 101 (1.97%) Postman
15 99 (1.93%) Sonatype Nexus
16 92 (1.79%) JMeter
17 91 (1.77%) TeamCity
18 84 (1.64%) Eclipse
19 83 (1.62%) IntelliJ
20 76 (1.48%) SoapUI
General
1 1,160 (22.63%) Finance
2 943 (18.39%) Banking
3 895 (17.46%) Social Skills
4 615 (12.00%) Front Office
5 439 (8.56%) Investment Banking
6 327 (6.38%) Public Sector
7 298 (5.81%) Analytical Skills
8 154 (3.00%) Retail
9 107 (2.09%) Marketing
10 93 (1.81%) Telecoms
11 69 (1.35%) Manufacturing
12 66 (1.29%) Presentation Skills
13 48 (0.94%) Electronics
14 42 (0.82%) Automotive
15 39 (0.76%) Financial Institution
16 37 (0.72%) Influencing Skills
17 30 (0.59%) Games
18 29 (0.57%) Law
19 24 (0.47%) Retail Banking
20 22 (0.43%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 2,832 (55.24%) Developer
2 1,792 (34.95%) Java Developer
3 455 (8.87%) Senior Developer
4 368 (7.18%) Architect
5 344 (6.71%) Senior Java Developer
6 327 (6.38%) Software Engineer
7 267 (5.21%) Java Engineer
8 249 (4.86%) DevOps Engineer
9 225 (4.39%) Full Stack Developer
10 182 (3.55%) React Developer
11 178 (3.47%) Front Office Developer
12 175 (3.41%) Data Engineer
13 153 (2.98%) Consultant
14 151 (2.95%) Tester
15 128 (2.50%) AWS Developer
15 128 (2.50%) Java Software Engineer
16 124 (2.42%) Python Developer
17 119 (2.32%) Solutions Architect
18 101 (1.97%) SC Cleared Java Developer
18 101 (1.97%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,349 (26.31%) Spring
2 808 (15.76%) Spring Boot
3 675 (13.17%) REST
4 638 (12.44%) Web Services
5 590 (11.51%) Kafka
6 556 (10.84%) React
7 540 (10.53%) Node.js
8 472 (9.21%) AngularJS
9 428 (8.35%) RESTful
10 411 (8.02%) HTML
11 340 (6.63%) .NET
12 306 (5.97%) XML
13 304 (5.93%) J2EE
14 284 (5.54%) CSS
15 283 (5.52%) JSON
16 274 (5.34%) Hibernate
17 265 (5.17%) Middleware
18 222 (4.33%) SOAP
19 161 (3.14%) Apache Camel
20 146 (2.85%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 327 (6.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 243 (4.74%) User Experience
3 241 (4.70%) Fixed Income
4 199 (3.88%) Derivative
5 164 (3.20%) Equities
6 163 (3.18%) Greenfield Project
7 152 (2.96%) Mobile App
8 148 (2.89%) Data Structures
9 137 (2.67%) Enterprise Software
10 121 (2.36%) Cloud Native
11 111 (2.17%) Algorithms
12 97 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
13 66 (1.29%) Management Information System
14 65 (1.27%) Clustering
15 64 (1.25%) Public Cloud
16 59 (1.15%) Hedge funds
17 49 (0.96%) Market Risk
18 42 (0.82%) Credit Risk
19 41 (0.80%) Virtual Team
20 32 (0.62%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 728 (14.20%) Linux
2 426 (8.31%) Unix
3 228 (4.45%) Windows
4 200 (3.90%) Android
5 66 (1.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 63 (1.23%) Apple iOS
7 29 (0.57%) Mac OS X
8 27 (0.53%) CentOS
9 24 (0.47%) Windows Server
10 19 (0.37%) Oracle Linux
11 14 (0.27%) Solaris
11 14 (0.27%) Windows 10
12 13 (0.25%) SUSE
13 11 (0.21%) Ubuntu
14 9 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
15 8 (0.16%) AIX
16 7 (0.14%) Mac OS
16 7 (0.14%) VMS
16 7 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
16 7 (0.14%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,273 (44.33%) Agile Software Development
2 1,312 (25.59%) Microservices
3 1,072 (20.91%) DevOps
4 871 (16.99%) TDD
5 854 (16.66%) Software Engineering
6 746 (14.55%) Test Automation
7 693 (13.52%) Scrum
8 588 (11.47%) BDD
9 537 (10.47%) Continuous Integration
10 387 (7.55%) Problem-Solving
11 386 (7.53%) Multithreading
12 363 (7.08%) OO
13 335 (6.53%) SDLC
14 300 (5.85%) Low Latency
15 296 (5.77%) Open Source
16 279 (5.44%) Analytics
17 270 (5.27%) Continuous Delivery
18 262 (5.11%) Computer Science
19 251 (4.90%) Electronic Trading
20 235 (4.58%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 1,208 (23.56%) Python
2 1,088 (21.22%) SQL
3 1,010 (19.70%) JavaScript
4 640 (12.48%) Java 8
5 435 (8.48%) Scala
6 427 (8.33%) C#
7 408 (7.96%) Kotlin
8 373 (7.28%) C++
9 241 (4.70%) TypeScript
10 179 (3.49%) PL/SQL
11 167 (3.26%) Go
12 159 (3.10%) Shell Script
13 145 (2.83%) C
14 139 (2.71%) Bash Shell
15 130 (2.54%) PowerShell
15 130 (2.54%) Ruby
16 115 (2.24%) Groovy
17 102 (1.99%) Perl
18 70 (1.37%) R
19 69 (1.35%) PHP
Qualifications
1 760 (14.82%) Security Cleared
2 595 (11.61%) SC Cleared
3 358 (6.98%) Degree
4 138 (2.69%) DV Cleared
5 94 (1.83%) Computer Science Degree
6 46 (0.90%) Master's Degree
7 37 (0.72%) Numerate Degree
8 33 (0.64%) ISTQB
9 31 (0.60%) AWS Certification
10 27 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
11 19 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 18 (0.35%) ISEB
13 11 (0.21%) Sun Certification
14 10 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
15 9 (0.18%) CCNA
15 9 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
16 8 (0.16%) PhD
17 7 (0.14%) OCPJP
18 4 (0.078%) CISSP
18 4 (0.078%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 248 (4.84%) QA
2 38 (0.74%) Data Quality
3 29 (0.57%) SLA
4 16 (0.31%) GDPR
5 14 (0.27%) PMO
6 12 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
7 11 (0.21%) WCAG
8 10 (0.20%) ISO 20022
8 10 (0.20%) MiFID
9 5 (0.098%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.059%) NCSC
10 3 (0.059%) NIST
10 3 (0.059%) PCI DSS
11 2 (0.039%) COREP
11 2 (0.039%) CRD IV
11 2 (0.039%) ISO 15022
11 2 (0.039%) SNOMED CT
12 1 (0.020%) HL7
12 1 (0.020%) RMADS
12 1 (0.020%) SEPA
System Software
1 1,070 (20.87%) Docker
2 51 (0.99%) Active Directory
3 45 (0.88%) HDFS
3 45 (0.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 44 (0.86%) Virtual Machines
5 29 (0.57%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 25 (0.49%) GridGain
7 16 (0.31%) Platform Symphony
8 15 (0.29%) Apache Flume
9 12 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
9 12 (0.23%) Xen
10 11 (0.21%) NFS
10 11 (0.21%) vSphere
11 8 (0.16%) Hyper-V
11 8 (0.16%) Postfix
12 7 (0.14%) KVM
12 7 (0.14%) qmail
13 6 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
14 5 (0.098%) OpenAM
14 5 (0.098%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 1,037 (20.23%) Kubernetes
2 471 (9.19%) Terraform
3 375 (7.31%) Ansible
4 123 (2.40%) Puppet
5 97 (1.89%) Opscode Chef
6 96 (1.87%) Prometheus
7 89 (1.74%) Grafana
8 40 (0.78%) Istio
9 36 (0.70%) Kibana
10 30 (0.59%) Oozie
11 29 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
12 26 (0.51%) Hadoop YARN
13 25 (0.49%) HP ALM
14 21 (0.41%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 20 (0.39%) HP Quality Center
15 20 (0.39%) Nagios
16 18 (0.35%) Salt
17 15 (0.29%) Argo
18 13 (0.25%) Packer
18 13 (0.25%) Rancher
Vendors
1 682 (13.30%) Oracle
2 249 (4.86%) Google
3 225 (4.39%) Microsoft
4 163 (3.18%) IBM
5 117 (2.28%) SAP
6 115 (2.24%) MuleSoft
7 98 (1.91%) Splunk
8 94 (1.83%) Red Hat
9 82 (1.60%) webMethods
10 77 (1.50%) Atlassian
10 77 (1.50%) BEA
11 63 (1.23%) Salesforce.com
12 61 (1.19%) HP
13 58 (1.13%) VMware
14 56 (1.09%) Pega
15 46 (0.90%) AppDynamics
16 44 (0.86%) Cloudera
16 44 (0.86%) Databricks
17 43 (0.84%) Sybase
17 43 (0.84%) Talend