Period
to 22 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 22 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
22 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 9 4
Rank change year-on-year +3 -5 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 3,803 9,350 13,148
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 14.68% 11.70% 14.12%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.18% 27.58% 31.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,856 6,456 9,417
Median daily rate £525 £525 £510
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.94% +2.00%
10th Percentile £363 £388 £363
90th Percentile £750 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 68 73 85
Median hourly rate £35.00 £46.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.91% +2.22% +12.50%
10th Percentile £26.10 £27.50 £17.85
90th Percentile £61.25 £57.25 £75.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £44.50 £43.25
% change year-on-year -21.35% +2.89% +8.13%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 11,127 33,903 41,778
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.95% 42.42% 44.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,426 23,716 29,644
Median daily rate £500 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £318
90th Percentile £700 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +2.63% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 291 589 666
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +7.14% +5.00%
10th Percentile £13.00 £20.30 £17.50
90th Percentile £55.00 £57.10 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year -20.45% +6.02% +3.75%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 22 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 2,591 £563 -2.17% 680
North of England 0 362 £461 -2.38% 232
South East -2 246 £475 +3.54% 178
South West +3 225 £500 - 100
North West +1 179 £450 - 127
East of England +2 162 £500 +5.26% 63
Yorkshire +3 148 £475 - 68
Midlands +1 146 £405 -10.99% 91
West Midlands 0 94 £428 -7.46% 62
East Midlands +5 46 £396 -11.94% 29
North East +4 35 £500 +5.26% 37
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 22 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 1,846 (48.54%) Agile Software Development
2 1,310 (34.45%) AWS
3 1,131 (29.74%) Python
4 1,060 (27.87%) Finance
5 984 (25.87%) Microservices
6 950 (24.98%) DevOps
7 890 (23.40%) SQL
8 842 (22.14%) JavaScript
9 839 (22.06%) Spring
10 823 (21.64%) Web Services
11 792 (20.83%) Banking
12 782 (20.56%) Azure
13 722 (18.99%) Jenkins
14 721 (18.96%) Software Engineering
15 713 (18.75%) Docker
16 693 (18.22%) Kubernetes
16 693 (18.22%) Test Automation
17 686 (18.04%) TDD
18 633 (16.64%) Git (software)
19 612 (16.09%) Front Office
20 570 (14.99%) Security Cleared
21 556 (14.62%) Linux
22 547 (14.38%) Oracle
23 530 (13.94%) Java 8
24 514 (13.52%) Scrum
25 512 (13.46%) Spring Boot
26 503 (13.23%) AngularJS
27 497 (13.07%) Fixed Income
28 474 (12.46%) REST
29 462 (12.15%) React

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 229 (6.02%) Confluence
2 191 (5.02%) Apache
3 145 (3.81%) Apache Spark
4 117 (3.08%) WebLogic
5 115 (3.02%) Elasticsearch
6 114 (3.00%) Mule
7 99 (2.60%) Tomcat
8 77 (2.02%) Cloud Foundry
9 74 (1.95%) JBoss
10 69 (1.81%) Red Hat Fuse
11 64 (1.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 51 (1.34%) WebSphere
13 38 (1.00%) Oracle Service Bus
13 38 (1.00%) SharePoint
14 34 (0.89%) Apache Solr
15 28 (0.74%) CMS
16 24 (0.63%) nginx
17 20 (0.53%) IIS
17 20 (0.53%) Oracle Workflow
18 16 (0.42%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 33 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.18%) Chatbot
3 7 (0.18%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
4 6 (0.16%) RoboHelp
4 6 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.079%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.079%) Windchill
7 2 (0.053%) SPSS
8 1 (0.026%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.026%) Autodesk Inventor
8 1 (0.026%) Blender
8 1 (0.026%) CATIA
8 1 (0.026%) InVision
8 1 (0.026%) Maya
8 1 (0.026%) Siemens NX
8 1 (0.026%) Sketch
8 1 (0.026%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 19 (0.50%) ION MarketView
2 16 (0.42%) Oracle BPM
3 15 (0.39%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 11 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
4 11 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
5 10 (0.26%) SAP FI-CA
6 6 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
6 6 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 6 (0.16%) Teamcenter
7 5 (0.13%) Maximo
7 5 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
7 5 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
7 5 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
7 5 (0.13%) SAP CRM
8 4 (0.11%) Magento
8 4 (0.11%) RMDS
8 4 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
8 4 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 3 (0.079%) Dynamics AX
9 3 (0.079%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 1,310 (34.45%) AWS
2 782 (20.56%) Azure
3 417 (10.97%) GCP
4 248 (6.52%) Serverless
5 214 (5.63%) AWS Lambda
6 165 (4.34%) Amazon EC2
7 160 (4.21%) Amazon ECS
8 159 (4.18%) Amazon S3
9 142 (3.73%) OpenShift
10 127 (3.34%) GitHub
11 107 (2.81%) Apigee
12 103 (2.71%) AWS CloudFormation
13 73 (1.92%) Amazon SQS
14 71 (1.87%) PaaS
15 66 (1.74%) SaaS
16 60 (1.58%) IaaS
17 59 (1.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 51 (1.34%) Slack
19 49 (1.29%) Power Platform
20 44 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 96 (2.52%) HTTP
2 71 (1.87%) DNS
2 71 (1.87%) SSL
3 52 (1.37%) Firewall
4 39 (1.03%) Internet
5 36 (0.95%) HTTPS
5 36 (0.95%) TCP/IP
6 35 (0.92%) VPN
7 23 (0.60%) WAN
8 22 (0.58%) Wireless
9 21 (0.55%) DMZ
10 15 (0.39%) FTP
10 15 (0.39%) Intranet
11 13 (0.34%) Reverse Proxy
12 11 (0.29%) Kerberos
13 9 (0.24%) Ethernet
13 9 (0.24%) FIX Connectivity
13 9 (0.24%) Skype
14 6 (0.16%) SSH
14 6 (0.16%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 362 (9.52%) SQL Server
2 317 (8.34%) MySQL
3 276 (7.26%) MongoDB
4 239 (6.28%) NoSQL
5 230 (6.05%) PostgreSQL
6 198 (5.21%) Relational Database
7 167 (4.39%) Big Data
8 140 (3.68%) Hadoop
9 138 (3.63%) Amazon Redshift
10 113 (2.97%) Amazon RDS
11 111 (2.92%) Oracle Database
12 93 (2.45%) Data Warehouse
13 77 (2.02%) RDBMS
14 61 (1.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 60 (1.58%) Apache Cassandra
16 50 (1.31%) Oracle Database 11g
17 42 (1.10%) Power BI
18 41 (1.08%) Amazon Aurora
19 38 (1.00%) Apache Hive
20 34 (0.89%) Redis
Development Applications
1 722 (18.99%) Jenkins
2 633 (16.64%) Git (software)
3 367 (9.65%) JIRA
4 359 (9.44%) Maven
5 253 (6.65%) Selenium
6 249 (6.55%) Cucumber
7 218 (5.73%) GitLab
8 217 (5.71%) JUnit
9 153 (4.02%) Artifactory
10 138 (3.63%) Mockito
11 129 (3.39%) Subversion
12 114 (3.00%) Gradle
13 90 (2.37%) RStudio
14 87 (2.29%) SoapUI
15 85 (2.24%) Sonatype Nexus
16 84 (2.21%) JMeter
17 80 (2.10%) SonarQube
18 64 (1.68%) Eclipse
19 60 (1.58%) Bitbucket
20 54 (1.42%) WebDriver
General
1 1,060 (27.87%) Finance
2 792 (20.83%) Banking
3 612 (16.09%) Front Office
4 418 (10.99%) Investment Banking
5 291 (7.65%) Public Sector
6 65 (1.71%) Telecoms
7 62 (1.63%) Marketing
8 55 (1.45%) Back Office
8 55 (1.45%) Manufacturing
9 44 (1.16%) Electronics
9 44 (1.16%) Financial Institution
10 35 (0.92%) Retail
11 28 (0.74%) Aerospace
12 25 (0.66%) Law
13 21 (0.55%) Games
14 20 (0.53%) Retail Banking
15 13 (0.34%) Advertising
15 13 (0.34%) French Language
16 12 (0.32%) Military
16 12 (0.32%) Police
Job Titles
1 2,232 (58.69%) Developer
2 1,313 (34.53%) Java Developer
3 317 (8.34%) Senior Developer
4 299 (7.86%) Software Engineer
5 286 (7.52%) AWS Developer
6 270 (7.10%) Java Engineer
7 258 (6.78%) AWS Engineer
8 248 (6.52%) Architect
9 217 (5.71%) Senior Java Developer
10 183 (4.81%) DevOps Engineer
11 178 (4.68%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 164 (4.31%) Python Developer
13 148 (3.89%) Full Stack Developer
14 129 (3.39%) JavaScript Developer
15 125 (3.29%) Java Software Engineer
16 112 (2.95%) Java Software Developer
17 111 (2.92%) Python Engineer
18 109 (2.87%) Front Office Developer
19 107 (2.81%) AWS Software Engineer
20 102 (2.68%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 839 (22.06%) Spring
2 823 (21.64%) Web Services
3 512 (13.46%) Spring Boot
4 503 (13.23%) AngularJS
5 474 (12.46%) REST
6 462 (12.15%) React
7 390 (10.26%) Node.js
8 344 (9.05%) HTML
9 276 (7.26%) SOAP
10 272 (7.15%) Kafka
11 270 (7.10%) RESTful
12 267 (7.02%) CSS
13 262 (6.89%) .NET
14 261 (6.86%) XML
15 243 (6.39%) J2EE
16 231 (6.07%) JSON
17 188 (4.94%) Middleware
18 177 (4.65%) Vue.js
19 150 (3.94%) HTML5
20 143 (3.76%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 497 (13.07%) Fixed Income
2 370 (9.73%) Derivative
3 345 (9.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 310 (8.15%) Hedge funds
5 303 (7.97%) Equities
6 158 (4.15%) Analytical Skills
7 147 (3.87%) Mobile App
8 145 (3.81%) Greenfield Project
9 144 (3.79%) User Experience
10 80 (2.10%) Algorithms
11 77 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
12 74 (1.95%) Data Structures
13 51 (1.34%) Self-Motivation
14 48 (1.26%) Linux Command Line
15 47 (1.24%) PKI
16 44 (1.16%) Credit Derivative
17 38 (1.00%) Cloud Native
17 38 (1.00%) Management Information System
18 36 (0.95%) Data Centre
19 32 (0.84%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 556 (14.62%) Linux
2 360 (9.47%) Unix
3 220 (5.78%) Windows
4 154 (4.05%) Android
5 92 (2.42%) Mac OS X
6 88 (2.31%) Apple iOS
7 46 (1.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 41 (1.08%) Windows Server
9 23 (0.60%) CentOS
10 18 (0.47%) Windows Server 2016
11 15 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
12 13 (0.34%) Debian
13 11 (0.29%) Oracle Linux
14 10 (0.26%) Ubuntu
15 8 (0.21%) SUSE
16 6 (0.16%) AIX
17 5 (0.13%) zOS
18 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2019
19 3 (0.079%) Amazon Linux
19 3 (0.079%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,846 (48.54%) Agile Software Development
2 984 (25.87%) Microservices
3 950 (24.98%) DevOps
4 721 (18.96%) Software Engineering
5 693 (18.22%) Test Automation
6 686 (18.04%) TDD
7 514 (13.52%) Scrum
8 433 (11.39%) BDD
9 414 (10.89%) Asset Management
10 361 (9.49%) Continuous Integration
11 311 (8.18%) Investment Management
12 286 (7.52%) Problem-Solving
13 243 (6.39%) OO
14 236 (6.21%) SDLC
15 232 (6.10%) Multithreading
16 218 (5.73%) Pair Programming
17 215 (5.65%) Open Source
18 210 (5.52%) Computer Science
19 205 (5.39%) Kanban
20 194 (5.10%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,131 (29.74%) Python
2 890 (23.40%) SQL
3 842 (22.14%) JavaScript
4 530 (13.94%) Java 8
5 304 (7.99%) C#
6 270 (7.10%) Kotlin
7 249 (6.55%) Scala
8 223 (5.86%) C++
9 154 (4.05%) Bash Shell
10 126 (3.31%) Shell Script
11 125 (3.29%) R
12 122 (3.21%) PL/SQL
13 116 (3.05%) TypeScript
14 110 (2.89%) PowerShell
15 103 (2.71%) Perl
16 99 (2.60%) C
17 94 (2.47%) Ruby
18 91 (2.39%) Go
19 72 (1.89%) T-SQL
20 68 (1.79%) PHP
Qualifications
1 570 (14.99%) Security Cleared
2 430 (11.31%) SC Cleared
3 209 (5.50%) Degree
4 103 (2.71%) Computer Science Degree
5 93 (2.45%) DV Cleared
6 56 (1.47%) BPSS Clearance
7 50 (1.31%) ISTQB
8 42 (1.10%) ISEB
8 42 (1.10%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 33 (0.87%) Sun Certification
10 29 (0.76%) DBS Check
11 19 (0.50%) Master's Degree
12 16 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
13 15 (0.39%) CCA
13 15 (0.39%) CISSP
14 14 (0.37%) AWS Certification
15 11 (0.29%) PhD
16 10 (0.26%) TOGAF Certification
17 9 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
18 8 (0.21%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 226 (5.94%) QA
2 35 (0.92%) Data Quality
3 32 (0.84%) WCAG
4 27 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 19 (0.50%) GDPR
6 18 (0.47%) SLA
7 14 (0.37%) Cyber Essentials
8 13 (0.34%) HIPAA
9 9 (0.24%) MiFID
10 8 (0.21%) PCI DSS
11 7 (0.18%) NIST
11 7 (0.18%) PMO
12 6 (0.16%) PSD2
13 4 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
13 4 (0.11%) ISO 9001
13 4 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 3 (0.079%) ISO 20022
15 2 (0.053%) GxP
15 2 (0.053%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 2 (0.053%) SEPA
System Software
1 713 (18.75%) Docker
2 105 (2.76%) Active Directory
3 33 (0.87%) HDFS
4 24 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
5 20 (0.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 18 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (0.32%) NFS
8 10 (0.26%) Hyper-V
8 10 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
8 10 (0.26%) VMware Workstation
9 9 (0.24%) OpenAM
9 9 (0.24%) vSphere
10 6 (0.16%) NDS
11 5 (0.13%) GeoWebCache
11 5 (0.13%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 5 (0.13%) Postfix
12 4 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
13 3 (0.079%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
13 3 (0.079%) OpenDJ
13 3 (0.079%) RACF
Systems Management
1 693 (18.22%) Kubernetes
2 312 (8.20%) Terraform
3 211 (5.55%) Ansible
4 111 (2.92%) Puppet
5 77 (2.02%) Prometheus
6 64 (1.68%) Opscode Chef
7 47 (1.24%) Kibana
8 38 (1.00%) Packer
9 32 (0.84%) Single Sign-On
10 31 (0.82%) Grafana
11 27 (0.71%) logstash
12 23 (0.60%) Nagios
13 22 (0.58%) Zipkin
14 13 (0.34%) HP ALM
14 13 (0.34%) Salt
15 12 (0.32%) SCCM
16 11 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
16 11 (0.29%) Rancher
17 10 (0.26%) Data Guard
18 9 (0.24%) WSUS
Vendors
1 547 (14.38%) Oracle
2 280 (7.36%) Google
3 154 (4.05%) Microsoft
4 149 (3.92%) Splunk
5 138 (3.63%) SAP
6 90 (2.37%) MuleSoft
7 83 (2.18%) AppDynamics
8 66 (1.74%) Sybase
9 60 (1.58%) IBM
10 56 (1.47%) Red Hat
11 49 (1.29%) Cloudera
11 49 (1.29%) Salesforce.com
12 48 (1.26%) webMethods
13 44 (1.16%) VMware
14 43 (1.13%) Databricks
15 42 (1.10%) Talend
16 41 (1.08%) ION Trading
17 34 (0.89%) WSO2
18 33 (0.87%) Atlassian
19 32 (0.84%) BEA