Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 5 6 8
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 0
Contract jobs citing Java 13286 12135 10983
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.00% 12.39% 10.66%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.19% 30.60% 27.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 9549 8597 7511
England median daily rate £500 £475 £461
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.04% +2.44%
10th Percentile £356 £319 £313
90th Percentile £663 £630 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £460 £450
% change year-on-year +8.70% +2.22% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 137 135 211
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.25 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.38% -6.88% +14.29%
10th Percentile £26.08 £12.25 £25.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £50.00 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £38.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.90% -3.75% +9.89%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 40032 39662 39927
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.19% 40.50% 38.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 28223 27465 27345
England median daily rate £462 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.71% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £310 £288 £275
90th Percentile £638 £594 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 756 820 945
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +0.13% +21.79%
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.55 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.18 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.45
% change year-on-year +6.67% +0.13% +20.81%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 8497 £540 +8.00% 1128
South East +1 1794 £475 +5.56% 256
North of England +1 1319 £425 - 319
North West -1 630 £425 - 168
Midlands -2 602 £425 - 131
Yorkshire -1 580 £425 -2.86% 126
South West +3 543 £425 +6.25% 105
East of England -1 516 £441 +3.82% 176
West Midlands -9 307 £408 -1.81% 67
East Midlands +1 282 £425 -0.58% 63
North East -1 119 £400 +11.25% 25
South Coast - 1 - -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 6628 (49.89%) Agile Software Development
2 3337 (25.12%) Spring
3 3310 (24.91%) TDD
4 3094 (23.29%) JavaScript
5 2985 (22.47%) SQL
6 2955 (22.24%) Finance
7 2633 (19.82%) Linux
8 2343 (17.64%) Web Services
9 2330 (17.54%) Jenkins
10 2316 (17.43%) Git (software)
11 2271 (17.09%) Banking
12 2265 (17.05%) Scrum
13 2212 (16.65%) Python
14 2191 (16.49%) Test Automation
15 2189 (16.48%) DevOps
16 2104 (15.84%) Continuous Integration
17 2058 (15.49%) REST
18 2053 (15.45%) HTML
19 2004 (15.08%) Microservices
20 1965 (14.79%) Amazon AWS
21 1961 (14.76%) Oracle
22 1862 (14.01%) BDD
23 1661 (12.50%) Docker
24 1597 (12.02%) RESTful
24 1597 (12.02%) Maven
25 1575 (11.85%) Unix
26 1564 (11.77%) AngularJS
27 1476 (11.11%) CSS
28 1404 (10.57%) JIRA
29 1323 (9.96%) XML

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 858 (6.46%) Tomcat
2 782 (5.89%) Apache Spark
3 770 (5.80%) Confluence
4 704 (5.30%) Apache
5 528 (3.97%) JBoss
6 500 (3.76%) WebSphere
7 471 (3.55%) Elasticsearch
8 329 (2.48%) WebLogic
9 234 (1.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 217 (1.63%) Apache Solr
11 203 (1.53%) Cloud Foundry
12 169 (1.27%) Mule
13 160 (1.20%) CMS
14 159 (1.20%) OpenStack
15 143 (1.08%) nginx
16 140 (1.05%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 122 (0.92%) IIS
18 114 (0.86%) WildFly
19 103 (0.78%) WebSphere Application Server
20 91 (0.68%) Jetty
Applications
1 97 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
2 51 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
3 29 (0.22%) Photoshop
4 28 (0.21%) MS Visio
5 24 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 16 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
7 14 (0.11%) OmniGraffle
8 12 (0.090%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 12 (0.090%) Chatbot
9 11 (0.083%) Simulink
10 10 (0.075%) HipChat
10 10 (0.075%) Pipeline Pilot
11 9 (0.068%) Microsoft Project
12 7 (0.053%) SmartSuite
13 5 (0.038%) Adobe Illustrator
13 5 (0.038%) SPSS
14 3 (0.023%) Mingle
15 1 (0.008%) GIMP
15 1 (0.008%) InDesign
15 1 (0.008%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 116 (0.87%) ION MarketView
2 54 (0.41%) Oracle BPM
3 49 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
4 43 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
5 35 (0.26%) Magento
6 27 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
7 25 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 24 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
9 18 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
10 16 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
11 14 (0.11%) R3 Corda
12 12 (0.090%) RMDS
13 10 (0.075%) Oracle Retail
13 10 (0.075%) SAP Oil and Gas
14 8 (0.060%) Actimize
14 8 (0.060%) Oracle Cash Management
14 8 (0.060%) Remedy ITSM
14 8 (0.060%) SAP ERP
15 7 (0.053%) Markit EDM
15 7 (0.053%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 1965 (14.79%) Amazon AWS
2 557 (4.19%) Microsoft Azure
3 424 (3.19%) GitHub
4 252 (1.90%) PaaS
5 225 (1.69%) Amazon EC2
6 181 (1.36%) Amazon S3
7 163 (1.23%) OpenShift
8 144 (1.08%) Serverless
9 137 (1.03%) Google Cloud Platform
10 126 (0.95%) Cloud Computing
11 125 (0.94%) SaaS
12 115 (0.87%) IaaS
13 114 (0.86%) AWS CloudFormation
14 108 (0.81%) npm
15 98 (0.74%) AWS Lambda
16 69 (0.52%) Amazon SQS
16 69 (0.52%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 66 (0.50%) IBM Cloud
18 65 (0.49%) Bluemix
19 61 (0.46%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 494 (3.72%) HTTP
2 308 (2.32%) Internet
3 302 (2.27%) TCP/IP
4 190 (1.43%) SSL
5 145 (1.09%) Kerberos
6 143 (1.08%) Firewall
7 138 (1.04%) LDAP
8 113 (0.85%) DNS
9 84 (0.63%) Network Security
10 75 (0.56%) FTP
11 71 (0.53%) SMS
12 52 (0.39%) LAN
13 50 (0.38%) HTTPS
14 49 (0.37%) VPN
15 45 (0.34%) SSH
16 42 (0.32%) IPsec
17 40 (0.30%) Wireless
18 39 (0.29%) BIG-IP
19 34 (0.26%) DHCP
20 33 (0.25%) FIX Connectivity
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1236 (9.30%) NoSQL
2 1074 (8.08%) Big Data
3 1005 (7.56%) Hadoop
4 1002 (7.54%) MongoDB
5 955 (7.19%) Relational Database
6 807 (6.07%) PostgreSQL
7 748 (5.63%) MySQL
8 724 (5.45%) SQL Server
9 459 (3.45%) RDBMS
10 446 (3.36%) Apache Cassandra
11 435 (3.27%) HBase
12 377 (2.84%) Oracle Database
13 314 (2.36%) Apache Hive
14 203 (1.53%) Redis
15 171 (1.29%) Data Warehouse
16 148 (1.11%) DB2
17 122 (0.92%) Amazon RDS
18 109 (0.82%) Impala
19 108 (0.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 99 (0.75%) KDB
Development Applications
1 2330 (17.54%) Jenkins
2 2316 (17.43%) Git (software)
3 1597 (12.02%) Maven
4 1404 (10.57%) JIRA
5 1186 (8.93%) JUnit
6 1079 (8.12%) Selenium
7 1009 (7.59%) Cucumber
8 635 (4.78%) Subversion
9 508 (3.82%) Mockito
10 494 (3.72%) Gradle
11 402 (3.03%) Eclipse
12 395 (2.97%) IntelliJ
13 379 (2.85%) TeamCity
13 379 (2.85%) WebDriver
14 361 (2.72%) Ant
15 252 (1.90%) SoapUI
16 236 (1.78%) Sonatype Nexus
17 231 (1.74%) Bitbucket
18 228 (1.72%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 219 (1.65%) SonarQube
General
1 2955 (22.24%) Finance
2 2271 (17.09%) Banking
3 1014 (7.63%) Front Office
4 813 (6.12%) Investment Banking
5 425 (3.20%) Retail
6 314 (2.36%) Marketing
6 314 (2.36%) Telecoms
7 238 (1.79%) Games
8 201 (1.51%) Manufacturing
9 178 (1.34%) Financial Institution
10 164 (1.23%) Electronics
11 134 (1.01%) Retail Banking
12 99 (0.75%) Back Office
13 97 (0.73%) Publishing
14 67 (0.50%) Advertising
15 57 (0.43%) Legal
16 52 (0.39%) Automotive
17 42 (0.32%) Law
18 33 (0.25%) French Language
19 31 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 8239 (62.01%) Developer
2 5491 (41.33%) Java Developer
3 1265 (9.52%) Senior Developer
4 923 (6.95%) Senior Java Developer
5 866 (6.52%) Architect
6 727 (5.47%) DevOps Engineer
7 536 (4.03%) Analyst
7 536 (4.03%) Java Engineer
8 535 (4.03%) Agile Developer
9 459 (3.45%) Full Stack Developer
10 422 (3.18%) Scala Developer
11 414 (3.12%) Agile Java Developer
12 396 (2.98%) JavaScript Developer
13 374 (2.81%) Consultant
14 351 (2.64%) Angular Developer
15 350 (2.63%) Software Engineer
16 345 (2.60%) Tester
17 295 (2.22%) Android Developer
18 272 (2.05%) AWS Engineer
19 269 (2.02%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3337 (25.12%) Spring
2 2343 (17.64%) Web Services
3 2058 (15.49%) REST
4 2053 (15.45%) HTML
5 1597 (12.02%) RESTful
6 1564 (11.77%) AngularJS
7 1476 (11.11%) CSS
8 1323 (9.96%) XML
9 1277 (9.61%) Hibernate
10 1208 (9.09%) JSON
11 1203 (9.05%) Node.js
12 1145 (8.62%) J2EE
13 1113 (8.38%) SOAP
14 1103 (8.30%) Spring Boot
15 1059 (7.97%) HTML5
16 861 (6.48%) .NET
17 833 (6.27%) Kafka
18 745 (5.61%) React
19 608 (4.58%) jQuery
20 600 (4.52%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 862 (6.49%) Analytical Skills
2 695 (5.23%) Greenfield Project
3 640 (4.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 560 (4.21%) Computer Science
5 452 (3.40%) User Experience
6 409 (3.08%) Mobile App
7 397 (2.99%) Fixed Income
8 366 (2.75%) Derivative
9 341 (2.57%) Equities
10 332 (2.50%) Algorithms
11 302 (2.27%) Data Structures
12 271 (2.04%) Enterprise Software
13 227 (1.71%) Fintech
14 192 (1.45%) Virtual Team
15 172 (1.29%) Linux Command Line
16 127 (0.96%) Equity Derivative
17 126 (0.95%) Market Risk
18 103 (0.78%) Client/Server
19 97 (0.73%) N-Tier
20 96 (0.72%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 2633 (19.82%) Linux
2 1575 (11.85%) Unix
3 701 (5.28%) Windows
4 586 (4.41%) Android
5 395 (2.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 320 (2.41%) Apple iOS
7 154 (1.16%) CentOS
8 141 (1.06%) Mac OS X
9 133 (1.00%) Solaris
10 130 (0.98%) Windows Server
11 93 (0.70%) Ubuntu
12 69 (0.52%) AIX
13 63 (0.47%) VMS
14 56 (0.42%) Windows 7
15 53 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
16 41 (0.31%) CoreOS
17 31 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
18 27 (0.20%) HPUX
19 23 (0.17%) Mac OS
20 22 (0.17%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 6628 (49.89%) Agile Software Development
2 3310 (24.91%) TDD
3 2265 (17.05%) Scrum
4 2191 (16.49%) Test Automation
5 2189 (16.48%) DevOps
6 2104 (15.84%) Continuous Integration
7 2004 (15.08%) Microservices
8 1862 (14.01%) BDD
9 1292 (9.72%) OO
10 1189 (8.95%) Open Source
11 1182 (8.90%) Software Engineering
12 952 (7.17%) Multithreading
13 863 (6.50%) SDLC
14 843 (6.35%) Kanban
15 841 (6.33%) MVC
16 809 (6.09%) E-Commerce
17 708 (5.33%) SOA
18 687 (5.17%) Unit Testing
19 639 (4.81%) Low Latency
20 619 (4.66%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 3094 (23.29%) JavaScript
2 2985 (22.47%) SQL
3 2212 (16.65%) Python
4 1220 (9.18%) Scala
5 1135 (8.54%) C#
6 791 (5.95%) Ruby
7 739 (5.56%) C++
8 492 (3.70%) Bash Shell
9 418 (3.15%) Perl
10 410 (3.09%) Groovy
11 400 (3.01%) Shell Script
12 373 (2.81%) PL/SQL
13 342 (2.57%) PHP
14 300 (2.26%) C
15 281 (2.12%) Go
16 145 (1.09%) ES6
17 138 (1.04%) T-SQL
18 136 (1.02%) PowerShell
18 136 (1.02%) R
19 121 (0.91%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 988 (7.44%) Security Cleared
2 694 (5.22%) SC Cleared
3 670 (5.04%) Degree
4 213 (1.60%) Computer Science Degree
5 110 (0.83%) DV Cleared
6 85 (0.64%) ISEB
7 82 (0.62%) PhD
8 80 (0.60%) ISTQB
9 77 (0.58%) BPSS Clearance
10 55 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
11 42 (0.32%) Sun Certification
12 27 (0.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 27 (0.20%) Master's Degree
12 27 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
13 22 (0.17%) CISSP
13 22 (0.17%) MCSE
14 20 (0.15%) MCSA
15 19 (0.14%) PMP
16 18 (0.14%) RHCE
17 17 (0.13%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 831 (6.25%) QA
2 143 (1.08%) MiFID
3 59 (0.44%) Data Quality
4 45 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
5 40 (0.30%) SLA
6 35 (0.26%) WCAG
7 22 (0.17%) HL7
7 22 (0.17%) PCI DSS
8 19 (0.14%) GCP
9 14 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
9 14 (0.11%) EMIR
10 13 (0.098%) GDPR
11 12 (0.090%) SEPA
12 11 (0.083%) RosettaNet
13 8 (0.060%) Actionable Recommendations
13 8 (0.060%) ISO 8583
14 7 (0.053%) AS 2805
15 5 (0.038%) ISO/IEC 27001
15 5 (0.038%) PSD2
15 5 (0.038%) WAI
System Software
1 1661 (12.50%) Docker
2 297 (2.24%) HDFS
3 155 (1.17%) Active Directory
4 132 (0.99%) Apache Flume
5 125 (0.94%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 96 (0.72%) Virtual Machines
7 93 (0.70%) VMware Infrastructure
8 32 (0.24%) vSphere
9 23 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
10 22 (0.17%) vCloud
10 22 (0.17%) Xen
11 20 (0.15%) Firmware
12 16 (0.12%) etcd
12 16 (0.12%) OpenAM
12 16 (0.12%) Postfix
12 16 (0.12%) Squid
13 13 (0.098%) NFS
14 12 (0.090%) Varnish
14 12 (0.090%) VirtualBox
14 12 (0.090%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 1023 (7.70%) Ansible
2 935 (7.04%) Puppet
3 602 (4.53%) Opscode Chef
4 567 (4.27%) Kubernetes
5 402 (3.03%) Terraform
6 205 (1.54%) Kibana
7 197 (1.48%) logstash
8 133 (1.00%) Grafana
9 118 (0.89%) Hadoop YARN
10 115 (0.87%) Oozie
11 78 (0.59%) Mesos
12 66 (0.50%) Nagios
13 62 (0.47%) HP Quality Center
13 62 (0.47%) ZABBIX
14 60 (0.45%) Ambari
15 59 (0.44%) Consul
16 56 (0.42%) Packer
17 52 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
18 48 (0.36%) Rancher
19 43 (0.32%) Salt
Vendors
1 1961 (14.76%) Oracle
2 462 (3.48%) IBM
3 425 (3.20%) Microsoft
4 335 (2.52%) Red Hat
5 300 (2.26%) Google
6 294 (2.21%) SAP
7 280 (2.11%) Sybase
8 265 (1.99%) TIBCO
9 253 (1.90%) Splunk
10 224 (1.69%) Atlassian
11 214 (1.61%) Salesforce.com
12 212 (1.60%) VMware
13 184 (1.38%) Adobe
14 163 (1.23%) hybris
15 152 (1.14%) HP
16 151 (1.14%) ION Trading
17 146 (1.10%) AppDynamics
18 132 (0.99%) MuleSoft
19 130 (0.98%) Cloudera
20 86 (0.65%) Perforce