Period
to 17 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 17 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
17 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 9 4 5
Rank change year-on-year -5 +1 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 8,826 13,457 12,531
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.35% 14.27% 13.73%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.81% 31.77% 32.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,067 9,471 8,876
England median daily rate £525 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +7.53%
10th Percentile £388 £365 £356
90th Percentile £700 £675 £656
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 68 85 141
England median hourly rate £43.00 £45.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.44% +12.50% +11.11%
10th Percentile £24.88 £21.60 £26.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £73.75 £63.75
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £45.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -4.44% +12.50% +9.59%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 32,917 42,360 38,297
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.34% 44.92% 41.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,089 30,013 26,805
England median daily rate £488 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £319 £309
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 608 655 743
England median hourly rate £44.51 £42.27 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.30% +5.66% +6.67%
10th Percentile £20.07 £17.35 £16.28
90th Percentile £55.15 £52.50 £53.00
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +6.67%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 17 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 5,287 £575 +4.55% 1,468
South East -10 1,058 £463 -2.63% 415
North of England -8 930 £475 +8.57% 451
South West +1 637 £500 +11.11% 229
North West -8 455 £463 +5.71% 216
Midlands -13 452 £475 +11.76% 226
East of England -1 407 £475 -5.00% 193
Yorkshire -4 397 £475 +5.56% 195
West Midlands -11 315 £475 +5.56% 136
East Midlands -15 122 £466 +13.03% 87
North East -11 77 £475 +18.75% 40
South Coast +1 4 - -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 4,453 (50.45%) Agile Software Development
2 2,251 (25.50%) Python
3 2,169 (24.58%) AWS
4 2,117 (23.99%) JavaScript
5 2,103 (23.83%) Microservices
6 1,964 (22.25%) DevOps
7 1,916 (21.71%) Spring
8 1,860 (21.07%) Finance
9 1,821 (20.63%) TDD
10 1,759 (19.93%) Docker
11 1,720 (19.49%) SQL
12 1,516 (17.18%) Jenkins
13 1,411 (15.99%) Linux
14 1,385 (15.69%) Git (software)
15 1,355 (15.35%) Scrum
16 1,310 (14.84%) Web Services
17 1,294 (14.66%) Test Automation
18 1,176 (13.32%) Java 8
19 1,147 (13.00%) Software Engineering
20 1,108 (12.55%) AngularJS
21 1,080 (12.24%) Kubernetes
22 1,070 (12.12%) Banking
23 1,066 (12.08%) Continuous Integration
24 1,057 (11.98%) Azure
25 1,028 (11.65%) Node.js
26 996 (11.28%) Spring Boot
27 984 (11.15%) HTML
28 952 (10.79%) Oracle
29 944 (10.70%) BDD
30 921 (10.44%) REST

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 466 (5.28%) Confluence
2 430 (4.87%) Apache Spark
3 386 (4.37%) Apache
4 247 (2.80%) Tomcat
5 218 (2.47%) Elasticsearch
6 198 (2.24%) JBoss
7 183 (2.07%) WebSphere
8 152 (1.72%) WebLogic
9 114 (1.29%) CMS
10 88 (1.00%) nginx
11 84 (0.95%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 74 (0.84%) Cloud Foundry
13 66 (0.75%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 66 (0.75%) SharePoint
14 65 (0.74%) Apache Solr
15 58 (0.66%) IIS
15 58 (0.66%) Mule
16 54 (0.61%) Jetty
17 35 (0.40%) OpenStack
18 33 (0.37%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 63 (0.71%) Photoshop
2 41 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
3 28 (0.32%) GIMP
4 20 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
5 18 (0.20%) Sketch
6 17 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
7 14 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
8 9 (0.10%) Zeplin
9 8 (0.091%) MS Visio
10 7 (0.079%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 5 (0.057%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 4 (0.045%) Acrobat
12 4 (0.045%) Chatbot
12 4 (0.045%) InVision
13 3 (0.034%) Spreadsheet
14 2 (0.023%) SPSS
15 1 (0.011%) Adobe Premiere
15 1 (0.011%) Notepad++
15 1 (0.011%) Simulink
15 1 (0.011%) Stata
Business Applications
1 76 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
2 55 (0.62%) Magento
3 28 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
4 23 (0.26%) FINCAD Analytics
4 23 (0.26%) Siebel CRM
5 22 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
5 22 (0.25%) ION MarketView
6 20 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
7 18 (0.20%) BusinessWorks
8 17 (0.19%) R3 Corda
8 17 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
9 13 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
10 12 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
11 11 (0.12%) CSG Singleview
11 11 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
12 10 (0.11%) assyst
13 9 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
13 9 (0.10%) Markit EDM
14 8 (0.091%) PolarLake
14 8 (0.091%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 2,169 (24.58%) AWS
2 1,057 (11.98%) Azure
3 543 (6.15%) Serverless
4 538 (6.10%) GCP
5 408 (4.62%) GitHub
6 360 (4.08%) AWS Lambda
7 334 (3.78%) Amazon S3
8 307 (3.48%) Amazon EC2
9 244 (2.76%) OpenShift
10 239 (2.71%) Amazon SQS
11 221 (2.50%) AWS CloudFormation
12 161 (1.82%) PaaS
13 154 (1.74%) Amazon ECS
14 121 (1.37%) SaaS
15 115 (1.30%) Amazon Kinesis
16 109 (1.23%) Cloud Computing
17 98 (1.11%) Power Platform
18 85 (0.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 85 (0.96%) npm
19 80 (0.91%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 225 (2.55%) HTTP
2 187 (2.12%) TCP/IP
3 109 (1.23%) SSL
4 101 (1.14%) Firewall
5 96 (1.09%) DNS
6 86 (0.97%) Internet
7 71 (0.80%) FTP
8 38 (0.43%) Ethernet
9 34 (0.39%) DHCP
10 27 (0.31%) HTTPS
11 25 (0.28%) IPsec
12 24 (0.27%) Multicast
12 24 (0.27%) VPN
13 23 (0.26%) SSH
14 19 (0.22%) WAN
15 17 (0.19%) Kerberos
16 16 (0.18%) SAN
17 14 (0.16%) Cisco ASA
18 13 (0.15%) Intranet
18 13 (0.15%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 615 (6.97%) NoSQL
2 545 (6.17%) Big Data
3 517 (5.86%) PostgreSQL
4 483 (5.47%) MongoDB
5 450 (5.10%) Relational Database
6 443 (5.02%) Hadoop
7 435 (4.93%) MySQL
8 395 (4.48%) SQL Server
9 243 (2.75%) Amazon RDS
10 233 (2.64%) Oracle Database
11 214 (2.42%) RDBMS
12 198 (2.24%) Apache Cassandra
13 174 (1.97%) Amazon Redshift
14 166 (1.88%) Data Warehouse
15 148 (1.68%) Apache Hive
16 146 (1.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 107 (1.21%) HBase
18 100 (1.13%) DB2
19 99 (1.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 95 (1.08%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 1,516 (17.18%) Jenkins
2 1,385 (15.69%) Git (software)
3 827 (9.37%) JIRA
4 716 (8.11%) Maven
5 687 (7.78%) Selenium
6 620 (7.02%) Cucumber
7 556 (6.30%) JUnit
8 291 (3.30%) Mockito
9 233 (2.64%) Gradle
10 218 (2.47%) GitLab
11 207 (2.35%) Subversion
12 205 (2.32%) Bitbucket
13 201 (2.28%) SonarQube
14 197 (2.23%) TeamCity
15 176 (1.99%) Eclipse
15 176 (1.99%) JMeter
16 172 (1.95%) Sonatype Nexus
17 153 (1.73%) WebDriver
18 150 (1.70%) Artifactory
19 132 (1.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 1,860 (21.07%) Finance
2 1,070 (12.12%) Banking
3 628 (7.12%) Front Office
4 413 (4.68%) Public Sector
5 343 (3.89%) Investment Banking
6 275 (3.12%) Retail
7 176 (1.99%) Telecoms
8 157 (1.78%) Marketing
9 146 (1.65%) Games
10 89 (1.01%) Manufacturing
11 72 (0.82%) Financial Institution
12 70 (0.79%) Electronics
13 65 (0.74%) Retail Banking
14 63 (0.71%) Advertising
15 57 (0.65%) Legal
16 51 (0.58%) Law
17 48 (0.54%) Publishing
18 43 (0.49%) Back Office
19 42 (0.48%) Military
20 41 (0.46%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 4,973 (56.34%) Developer
2 2,860 (32.40%) Java Developer
3 758 (8.59%) Senior Developer
4 645 (7.31%) Architect
5 552 (6.25%) DevOps Engineer
6 487 (5.52%) Senior Java Developer
7 473 (5.36%) Full Stack Developer
8 441 (5.00%) Software Engineer
9 434 (4.92%) Java Engineer
10 356 (4.03%) AWS Engineer
11 341 (3.86%) React Developer
12 306 (3.47%) AWS Developer
13 260 (2.95%) Analyst
14 259 (2.93%) Tester
15 253 (2.87%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 247 (2.80%) Angular Developer
17 238 (2.70%) Data Engineer
18 224 (2.54%) Python Developer
19 213 (2.41%) Consultant
20 208 (2.36%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,916 (21.71%) Spring
2 1,310 (14.84%) Web Services
3 1,108 (12.55%) AngularJS
4 1,028 (11.65%) Node.js
5 996 (11.28%) Spring Boot
6 984 (11.15%) HTML
7 921 (10.44%) REST
8 913 (10.34%) RESTful
9 877 (9.94%) React
10 788 (8.93%) CSS
11 741 (8.40%) Kafka
12 704 (7.98%) .NET
13 592 (6.71%) JSON
14 579 (6.56%) J2EE
15 552 (6.25%) XML
16 549 (6.22%) SOAP
17 485 (5.50%) Hibernate
18 404 (4.58%) HTML5
19 256 (2.90%) Java EE
20 233 (2.64%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 583 (6.61%) Greenfield Project
2 362 (4.10%) User Experience
3 350 (3.97%) Analytical Skills
4 328 (3.72%) Derivative
5 291 (3.30%) Fixed Income
6 274 (3.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 232 (2.63%) Enterprise Software
8 203 (2.30%) Equities
9 202 (2.29%) Mobile App
10 198 (2.24%) Algorithms
11 188 (2.13%) Data Structures
12 138 (1.56%) Public Cloud
13 120 (1.36%) Linux Command Line
14 104 (1.18%) Self-Motivation
15 102 (1.16%) Cloud Native
16 98 (1.11%) Virtual Team
17 92 (1.04%) Equity Derivative
18 79 (0.90%) Management Information System
19 57 (0.65%) Data Centre
20 56 (0.63%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 1,411 (15.99%) Linux
2 666 (7.55%) Unix
3 468 (5.30%) Windows
4 345 (3.91%) Android
5 181 (2.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 156 (1.77%) Apple iOS
7 103 (1.17%) CentOS
8 93 (1.05%) Ubuntu
9 83 (0.94%) Windows Server
10 77 (0.87%) Mac OS X
11 49 (0.56%) Mac OS
12 40 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
13 38 (0.43%) Debian
14 37 (0.42%) AIX
15 20 (0.23%) Solaris
15 20 (0.23%) VMS
16 16 (0.18%) Windows Server 2003
16 16 (0.18%) Windows XP
17 15 (0.17%) Windows 8
18 13 (0.15%) openSUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,453 (50.45%) Agile Software Development
2 2,103 (23.83%) Microservices
3 1,964 (22.25%) DevOps
4 1,821 (20.63%) TDD
5 1,355 (15.35%) Scrum
6 1,294 (14.66%) Test Automation
7 1,147 (13.00%) Software Engineering
8 1,066 (12.08%) Continuous Integration
9 944 (10.70%) BDD
10 647 (7.33%) Open Source
11 609 (6.90%) OO
12 587 (6.65%) Problem-Solving
13 558 (6.32%) Kanban
14 506 (5.73%) Unit Testing
15 481 (5.45%) Analytics
16 458 (5.19%) SDLC
17 440 (4.99%) E-Commerce
18 426 (4.83%) Fintech
19 424 (4.80%) Front End Development
20 411 (4.66%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2,251 (25.50%) Python
2 2,117 (23.99%) JavaScript
3 1,720 (19.49%) SQL
4 1,176 (13.32%) Java 8
5 919 (10.41%) C#
6 723 (8.19%) C++
7 686 (7.77%) Scala
8 432 (4.89%) Ruby
9 308 (3.49%) Kotlin
10 297 (3.37%) Bash Shell
11 294 (3.33%) C
11 294 (3.33%) TypeScript
12 286 (3.24%) Go
13 254 (2.88%) PL/SQL
14 249 (2.82%) PHP
15 229 (2.59%) Shell Script
16 208 (2.36%) Groovy
17 203 (2.30%) Perl
18 201 (2.28%) PowerShell
19 183 (2.07%) ES6
Qualifications
1 918 (10.40%) Security Cleared
2 642 (7.27%) SC Cleared
3 492 (5.57%) Degree
4 174 (1.97%) DV Cleared
5 132 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
6 117 (1.33%) AWS Certification
7 96 (1.09%) ISTQB
8 89 (1.01%) ISEB
9 86 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
10 49 (0.56%) PhD
11 41 (0.46%) Master's Degree
12 38 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
13 36 (0.41%) DBS Check
14 34 (0.39%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 30 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
16 21 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
17 19 (0.22%) MCSA
18 18 (0.20%) CCNA
18 18 (0.20%) CISSP
19 17 (0.19%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 434 (4.92%) QA
2 31 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 26 (0.29%) GDPR
3 26 (0.29%) PCI DSS
4 24 (0.27%) Data Quality
5 22 (0.25%) SLA
6 20 (0.23%) COBIT
7 19 (0.22%) NIST
8 15 (0.17%) MiFID
9 14 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
9 14 (0.16%) PSD2
10 11 (0.12%) WCAG
11 10 (0.11%) PMO
12 8 (0.091%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 6 (0.068%) JSP 440
14 5 (0.057%) EMIR
14 5 (0.057%) HL7
14 5 (0.057%) HMG Infosec
14 5 (0.057%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 5 (0.057%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 1,759 (19.93%) Docker
2 83 (0.94%) VMware Infrastructure
3 70 (0.79%) Active Directory
3 70 (0.79%) HDFS
4 54 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
5 48 (0.54%) vSphere
6 31 (0.35%) Postfix
7 21 (0.24%) Hyper-V
8 20 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 18 (0.20%) LXC
10 16 (0.18%) Apache Flume
11 15 (0.17%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
12 12 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
13 11 (0.12%) OpenAM
14 10 (0.11%) Xen
15 7 (0.079%) Oracle RAC
15 7 (0.079%) VirtualBox
16 6 (0.068%) Firmware
17 5 (0.057%) RACF
17 5 (0.057%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,080 (12.24%) Kubernetes
2 723 (8.19%) Ansible
3 665 (7.53%) Terraform
4 365 (4.14%) Puppet
5 271 (3.07%) Opscode Chef
6 102 (1.16%) Grafana
7 78 (0.88%) Prometheus
8 68 (0.77%) Kibana
9 48 (0.54%) Salt
10 46 (0.52%) Hadoop YARN
10 46 (0.52%) Packer
11 44 (0.50%) Nagios
12 33 (0.37%) Amdocs OSS
12 33 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
12 33 (0.37%) Nessus
13 27 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
13 27 (0.31%) Tivoli
14 26 (0.29%) Istio
14 26 (0.29%) logstash
15 25 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 952 (10.79%) Oracle
2 418 (4.74%) Google
3 396 (4.49%) Microsoft
4 231 (2.62%) IBM
5 203 (2.30%) Red Hat
6 185 (2.10%) Splunk
7 177 (2.01%) SAP
8 146 (1.65%) MuleSoft
9 144 (1.63%) Atlassian
10 139 (1.57%) VMware
11 115 (1.30%) Salesforce.com
12 98 (1.11%) Adobe
13 89 (1.01%) Sybase
14 80 (0.91%) Cloudera
15 79 (0.90%) TIBCO
15 79 (0.90%) webMethods
16 71 (0.80%) hybris
16 71 (0.80%) Informatica
17 67 (0.76%) Bloomberg
18 66 (0.75%) Cisco