Period
to 19 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 19 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
19 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 6 8
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 0
Contract jobs citing Java 12,823 10,912 11,197
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.87% 12.45% 11.29%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.79% 30.68% 29.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,357 7,656 7,812
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £360 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £644 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 105 140 166
England median hourly rate £41.25 £39.75 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.77% -0.63% +6.67%
10th Percentile £24.92 £18.38 £25.88
90th Percentile £63.75 £50.40 £57.25
UK median hourly rate £41.15 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.88% - +6.67%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 39,110 35,568 38,538
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.30% 40.60% 38.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 27,719 24,648 26,497
England median daily rate £475 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £313 £294 £275
90th Percentile £638 £608 £600
UK median daily rate £455 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +7.06% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 717 780 983
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +13.64%
10th Percentile £17.43 £15.25 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.29 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +13.64%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 19 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 19 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 19 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 8,014 £550 +4.76% 1,755
South East +3 1,820 £475 +5.56% 554
North of England +2 1,326 £425 +1.19% 546
Yorkshire 0 650 £425 -3.41% 185
Midlands +1 622 £420 -1.18% 262
North West +2 592 £425 +1.19% 314
East of England -3 544 £450 +5.88% 308
South West 0 514 £450 +11.11% 233
West Midlands -2 344 £400 -5.88% 140
East Midlands +5 270 £425 +1.19% 121
North East -7 99 £425 +21.43% 47
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 19 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 6,396 (49.88%) Agile Software Development
2 3,142 (24.50%) Spring
3 3,125 (24.37%) TDD
4 2,885 (22.50%) JavaScript
5 2,728 (21.27%) SQL
6 2,690 (20.98%) Finance
7 2,458 (19.17%) Linux
8 2,360 (18.40%) Jenkins
9 2,315 (18.05%) Git (software)
10 2,311 (18.02%) DevOps
11 2,293 (17.88%) Test Automation
12 2,292 (17.87%) Web Services
13 2,180 (17.00%) Python
14 2,128 (16.60%) Amazon AWS
15 2,118 (16.52%) Scrum
16 2,038 (15.89%) Microservices
17 2,031 (15.84%) Continuous Integration
18 2,016 (15.72%) REST
19 1,970 (15.36%) Banking
20 1,854 (14.46%) BDD
21 1,741 (13.58%) HTML
22 1,719 (13.41%) Oracle
23 1,698 (13.24%) Docker
24 1,613 (12.58%) Maven
25 1,592 (12.42%) RESTful
26 1,505 (11.74%) Unix
27 1,473 (11.49%) AngularJS
28 1,326 (10.34%) Node.js
29 1,313 (10.24%) CSS
30 1,259 (9.82%) JIRA

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 826 (6.44%) Tomcat
2 715 (5.58%) Confluence
3 667 (5.20%) Apache Spark
4 642 (5.01%) Apache
5 531 (4.14%) WebSphere
6 476 (3.71%) JBoss
7 436 (3.40%) Elasticsearch
8 333 (2.60%) WebLogic
9 207 (1.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 198 (1.54%) Cloud Foundry
11 178 (1.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 175 (1.36%) Mule
13 173 (1.35%) CMS
14 158 (1.23%) OpenStack
15 155 (1.21%) nginx
16 139 (1.08%) Apache Solr
17 110 (0.86%) WildFly
18 104 (0.81%) WebSphere Application Server
19 85 (0.66%) Apache Pig
20 83 (0.65%) IIS
Applications
1 107 (0.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 57 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
3 45 (0.35%) MS Visio
4 18 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 14 (0.11%) Photoshop
6 13 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
6 13 (0.10%) SPSS
7 12 (0.094%) HipChat
8 11 (0.086%) Microsoft Project
9 8 (0.062%) Chatbot
10 7 (0.055%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 7 (0.055%) GIMP
10 7 (0.055%) OmniGraffle
10 7 (0.055%) Pipeline Pilot
11 3 (0.023%) SmartSuite
11 3 (0.023%) Stata
12 2 (0.016%) Mingle
13 1 (0.008%) Doxygen
13 1 (0.008%) GNU Octave
13 1 (0.008%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 67 (0.52%) ION MarketView
2 61 (0.48%) Payment Gateway
3 59 (0.46%) Oracle BPM
4 45 (0.35%) SAP Hybris
5 36 (0.28%) Magento
6 32 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
7 20 (0.16%) BusinessWorks
8 18 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 15 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
10 11 (0.086%) Kondor
11 8 (0.062%) BusinessWare
11 8 (0.062%) Markit EDM
11 8 (0.062%) Oracle Cash Management
12 7 (0.055%) Actimize
12 7 (0.055%) Remedy ITSM
12 7 (0.055%) SAP Oil and Gas
13 6 (0.047%) Oracle Applications
13 6 (0.047%) RMDS
14 5 (0.039%) Distributed Ledger
14 5 (0.039%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 2,128 (16.60%) Amazon AWS
2 646 (5.04%) Microsoft Azure
3 372 (2.90%) GitHub
4 300 (2.34%) Amazon EC2
5 284 (2.21%) PaaS
6 271 (2.11%) Amazon S3
7 227 (1.77%) Serverless
8 193 (1.51%) Google Cloud Platform
9 179 (1.40%) AWS Lambda
10 169 (1.32%) OpenShift
11 138 (1.08%) IaaS
12 130 (1.01%) SaaS
13 127 (0.99%) AWS CloudFormation
14 121 (0.94%) npm
15 95 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
16 94 (0.73%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 91 (0.71%) Amazon SQS
18 83 (0.65%) Slack
19 76 (0.59%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 64 (0.50%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 493 (3.84%) HTTP
2 292 (2.28%) TCP/IP
3 231 (1.80%) Internet
4 171 (1.33%) SSL
5 159 (1.24%) Firewall
6 128 (1.00%) DNS
7 108 (0.84%) FTP
8 82 (0.64%) Kerberos
9 80 (0.62%) SMS
10 55 (0.43%) Network Security
10 55 (0.43%) VPN
11 50 (0.39%) DHCP
12 39 (0.30%) BIG-IP
12 39 (0.30%) LAN
13 34 (0.27%) IPsec
14 33 (0.26%) SSH
15 30 (0.23%) FIX Connectivity
16 29 (0.23%) HTTPS
17 28 (0.22%) SMTP
18 25 (0.19%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,228 (9.58%) NoSQL
2 975 (7.60%) Relational Database
3 950 (7.41%) Big Data
4 872 (6.80%) MongoDB
5 842 (6.57%) Hadoop
6 800 (6.24%) PostgreSQL
7 791 (6.17%) MySQL
8 779 (6.08%) SQL Server
9 475 (3.70%) RDBMS
10 407 (3.17%) Apache Cassandra
11 356 (2.78%) Oracle Database
12 299 (2.33%) HBase
13 288 (2.25%) Apache Hive
14 218 (1.70%) Redis
15 202 (1.58%) DB2
16 164 (1.28%) Data Warehouse
17 147 (1.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 133 (1.04%) Amazon RDS
19 98 (0.76%) Oracle Database 11g
20 90 (0.70%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 2,360 (18.40%) Jenkins
2 2,315 (18.05%) Git (software)
3 1,613 (12.58%) Maven
4 1,259 (9.82%) JIRA
5 1,176 (9.17%) JUnit
6 1,076 (8.39%) Selenium
7 965 (7.53%) Cucumber
8 531 (4.14%) Mockito
9 527 (4.11%) Subversion
10 514 (4.01%) Gradle
11 378 (2.95%) Eclipse
12 343 (2.67%) TeamCity
13 330 (2.57%) Ant
14 326 (2.54%) WebDriver
15 293 (2.28%) SonarQube
16 261 (2.04%) IntelliJ
17 251 (1.96%) SoapUI
18 231 (1.80%) Sonatype Nexus
19 220 (1.72%) Bitbucket
20 184 (1.43%) JMeter
General
1 2,690 (20.98%) Finance
2 1,970 (15.36%) Banking
3 756 (5.90%) Front Office
4 665 (5.19%) Investment Banking
5 437 (3.41%) Retail
6 248 (1.93%) Games
7 241 (1.88%) Marketing
8 240 (1.87%) Telecoms
9 137 (1.07%) Manufacturing
10 129 (1.01%) Financial Institution
11 127 (0.99%) Retail Banking
12 105 (0.82%) Publishing
13 101 (0.79%) Electronics
14 93 (0.73%) Law
15 77 (0.60%) Back Office
16 67 (0.52%) Advertising
17 43 (0.34%) Legal
18 38 (0.30%) Automotive
19 22 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
20 16 (0.12%) French Language
Job Titles
1 7,770 (60.59%) Developer
2 5,209 (40.62%) Java Developer
3 1,294 (10.09%) Senior Developer
4 983 (7.67%) Senior Java Developer
5 868 (6.77%) Architect
6 799 (6.23%) DevOps Engineer
7 563 (4.39%) Java Engineer
8 521 (4.06%) Analyst
9 466 (3.63%) Full Stack Developer
10 449 (3.50%) Agile Developer
11 388 (3.03%) Software Engineer
12 369 (2.88%) Agile Java Developer
13 337 (2.63%) Consultant
14 336 (2.62%) Tester
15 326 (2.54%) AWS Engineer
16 319 (2.49%) JavaScript Developer
17 314 (2.45%) Scala Developer
18 275 (2.14%) Angular Developer
19 268 (2.09%) Solutions Architect
20 265 (2.07%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,142 (24.50%) Spring
2 2,292 (17.87%) Web Services
3 2,016 (15.72%) REST
4 1,741 (13.58%) HTML
5 1,592 (12.42%) RESTful
6 1,473 (11.49%) AngularJS
7 1,326 (10.34%) Node.js
8 1,313 (10.24%) CSS
9 1,248 (9.73%) Hibernate
10 1,212 (9.45%) XML
11 1,160 (9.05%) Spring Boot
12 1,141 (8.90%) J2EE
13 1,123 (8.76%) JSON
14 1,118 (8.72%) SOAP
15 874 (6.82%) HTML5
16 844 (6.58%) .NET
17 792 (6.18%) Kafka
18 775 (6.04%) React
19 640 (4.99%) JMS
20 583 (4.55%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 730 (5.69%) Greenfield Project
2 727 (5.67%) Analytical Skills
3 541 (4.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 472 (3.68%) Computer Science
5 418 (3.26%) User Experience
6 396 (3.09%) Mobile App
7 311 (2.43%) Enterprise Software
8 284 (2.21%) Algorithms
9 261 (2.04%) Derivative
10 250 (1.95%) Fixed Income
11 244 (1.90%) Fintech
12 233 (1.82%) Data Structures
13 225 (1.75%) Equities
14 210 (1.64%) Linux Command Line
15 168 (1.31%) Virtual Team
16 126 (0.98%) Public Cloud
17 98 (0.76%) Equity Derivative
18 92 (0.72%) iPad
19 83 (0.65%) Mainframe
20 81 (0.63%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 2,458 (19.17%) Linux
2 1,505 (11.74%) Unix
3 582 (4.54%) Windows
4 552 (4.30%) Android
5 399 (3.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 299 (2.33%) Apple iOS
7 151 (1.18%) CentOS
8 148 (1.15%) Mac OS X
9 107 (0.83%) Windows Server
10 88 (0.69%) Solaris
11 77 (0.60%) VMS
12 68 (0.53%) AIX
12 68 (0.53%) Ubuntu
13 47 (0.37%) Windows 7
14 33 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
15 30 (0.23%) CoreOS
16 22 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
17 20 (0.16%) Windows 10
18 19 (0.15%) HPUX
19 17 (0.13%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,396 (49.88%) Agile Software Development
2 3,125 (24.37%) TDD
3 2,311 (18.02%) DevOps
4 2,293 (17.88%) Test Automation
5 2,118 (16.52%) Scrum
6 2,038 (15.89%) Microservices
7 2,031 (15.84%) Continuous Integration
8 1,854 (14.46%) BDD
9 1,224 (9.55%) OO
10 1,189 (9.27%) Software Engineering
11 1,107 (8.63%) Open Source
12 904 (7.05%) Kanban
13 888 (6.93%) E-Commerce
14 809 (6.31%) Multithreading
15 777 (6.06%) MVC
16 772 (6.02%) Continuous Delivery
17 743 (5.79%) SDLC
18 686 (5.35%) Unit Testing
19 668 (5.21%) SOA
20 598 (4.66%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2,885 (22.50%) JavaScript
2 2,728 (21.27%) SQL
3 2,180 (17.00%) Python
4 1,179 (9.19%) Scala
5 1,078 (8.41%) C#
6 808 (6.30%) Ruby
7 659 (5.14%) C++
8 503 (3.92%) Bash Shell
9 484 (3.77%) Groovy
10 424 (3.31%) Perl
11 379 (2.96%) PL/SQL
12 367 (2.86%) Shell Script
13 353 (2.75%) PHP
14 304 (2.37%) C
15 210 (1.64%) Go
16 167 (1.30%) ES6
17 156 (1.22%) R
18 151 (1.18%) TypeScript
19 140 (1.09%) Kotlin
20 135 (1.05%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,056 (8.24%) Security Cleared
2 725 (5.65%) SC Cleared
3 680 (5.30%) Degree
4 215 (1.68%) Computer Science Degree
5 155 (1.21%) DV Cleared
6 90 (0.70%) Numerate Degree
7 80 (0.62%) ISTQB
8 79 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
9 77 (0.60%) ISEB
10 73 (0.57%) PhD
11 46 (0.36%) Master's Degree
12 35 (0.27%) Sun Certification
13 29 (0.23%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 24 (0.19%) AWS Certification
15 20 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
16 19 (0.15%) CISSP
16 19 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
17 16 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
17 16 (0.12%) ISEB Practitioner
17 16 (0.12%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 831 (6.48%) QA
2 85 (0.66%) MiFID
3 49 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
3 49 (0.38%) SLA
4 45 (0.35%) GCP
5 39 (0.30%) Data Quality
6 35 (0.27%) PCI DSS
7 34 (0.27%) GDPR
8 31 (0.24%) WCAG
9 24 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 20 (0.16%) EMIR
11 17 (0.13%) SEPA
12 15 (0.12%) HL7
13 14 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
14 12 (0.094%) RosettaNet
15 11 (0.086%) PMO
16 9 (0.070%) CESG Infosec
16 9 (0.070%) HMG Security Policy Framework
16 9 (0.070%) ISO 9001
16 9 (0.070%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,698 (13.24%) Docker
2 229 (1.79%) HDFS
3 144 (1.12%) Active Directory
4 118 (0.92%) VMware Infrastructure
5 116 (0.90%) Apache Flume
6 104 (0.81%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 89 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
8 55 (0.43%) vSphere
9 25 (0.19%) Firmware
10 23 (0.18%) vCloud
11 17 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
12 16 (0.12%) Varnish
12 16 (0.12%) Xen
13 15 (0.12%) etcd
14 13 (0.10%) Squid
14 13 (0.10%) VirtualBox
15 11 (0.086%) Postfix
16 10 (0.078%) NFS
17 8 (0.062%) OpenAM
18 7 (0.055%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 1,044 (8.14%) Ansible
2 972 (7.58%) Puppet
3 690 (5.38%) Opscode Chef
4 586 (4.57%) Kubernetes
5 422 (3.29%) Terraform
6 181 (1.41%) Kibana
7 161 (1.26%) logstash
8 140 (1.09%) Grafana
9 126 (0.98%) Hadoop YARN
10 120 (0.94%) Oozie
11 88 (0.69%) Mesos
12 71 (0.55%) Docker Swarm
13 61 (0.48%) Consul
13 61 (0.48%) Nagios
14 57 (0.44%) Packer
15 56 (0.44%) HP Quality Center
15 56 (0.44%) ZABBIX
16 52 (0.41%) Salt
17 49 (0.38%) Rancher
18 45 (0.35%) Ambari
Vendors
1 1,719 (13.41%) Oracle
2 427 (3.33%) IBM
3 392 (3.06%) Microsoft
4 350 (2.73%) Red Hat
5 321 (2.50%) Google
6 310 (2.42%) Splunk
7 226 (1.76%) Atlassian
8 224 (1.75%) Sybase
9 207 (1.61%) SAP
10 201 (1.57%) Adobe
11 197 (1.54%) TIBCO
12 192 (1.50%) VMware
13 190 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
14 158 (1.23%) AppDynamics
14 158 (1.23%) MuleSoft
15 154 (1.20%) hybris
16 150 (1.17%) HP
17 123 (0.96%) Cloudera
18 118 (0.92%) Hortonworks
19 110 (0.86%) webMethods