Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 12 10 7
Rank change year-on-year -2 -3 -1
Contract jobs citing Java 7,433 6,140 4,901
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 10.32% 11.75% 13.34%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.79% 28.77% 31.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,386 4,366 3,596
10th Percentile £425 £400 £388
25th Percentile £500 £463 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £541
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +1.62% +3.10%
75th Percentile £725 £656 £642
90th Percentile £813 £725 £725
UK median daily rate £600 £530 £525
% change year-on-year +13.21% +0.95% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 120 55 52
10th Percentile £34.75 £25.10 £20.16
25th Percentile £48.43 £45.00 £25.46
Median hourly rate £64.06 £60.00 £44.00
Median % change year-on-year +6.76% +36.36% -12.00%
75th Percentile £70.63 £65.52 £61.69
90th Percentile £77.00 £70.60 £68.48
UK median hourly rate £63.25 £56.50 £44.50
% change year-on-year +11.95% +26.97% -11.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,748 21,345 15,368
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 37.13% 40.84% 41.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,800 15,245 11,035
10th Percentile £388 £340 £325
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £554 £505 £500
Median % change year-on-year +9.70% +1.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £675 £613 £594
90th Percentile £775 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 475 395 252
10th Percentile £20.00 £16.61 £17.83
25th Percentile £35.00 £24.40 £22.50
Median hourly rate £52.50 £42.50 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year +23.53% - -5.38%
75th Percentile £64.13 £53.75 £50.00
90th Percentile £75.00 £64.00 £60.90
UK median hourly rate £52.25 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +22.94% - -3.41%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -4 5,038 £650 +8.88% 820
North of England -4 555 £550 +11.68% 272
South East -6 458 £540 +12.21% 173
Midlands 0 345 £505 +12.22% 143
North West -2 334 £563 +18.42% 135
South West -8 296 £525 +7.69% 122
West Midlands -1 281 £519 +15.22% 113
Yorkshire -2 199 £518 +3.50% 93
East of England -17 151 £550 +4.76% 75
East Midlands +3 62 £500 +21.21% 28
North East -20 35 £488 -4.41% 44
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 3,255 (43.79%) Agile
2 2,009 (27.03%) Microservices
3 1,948 (26.21%) Python
4 1,860 (25.02%) Spring
5 1,850 (24.89%) AWS
6 1,817 (24.45%) CI/CD
7 1,741 (23.42%) DevOps
8 1,683 (22.64%) Finance
9 1,580 (21.26%) SQL
10 1,543 (20.76%) Software Engineering
11 1,522 (20.48%) JavaScript
12 1,434 (19.29%) Kubernetes
13 1,385 (18.63%) Docker
14 1,334 (17.95%) Azure
15 1,331 (17.91%) Spring Boot
16 1,327 (17.85%) Social Skills
17 1,290 (17.36%) TDD
18 1,283 (17.26%) Jenkins
19 1,237 (16.64%) Git (software)
20 1,230 (16.55%) Linux
21 1,214 (16.33%) Test Automation
22 1,175 (15.81%) Banking
23 1,078 (14.50%) Oracle
24 1,046 (14.07%) Kafka
25 1,037 (13.95%) Scrum
26 980 (13.18%) Security Cleared
27 960 (12.92%) REST
28 881 (11.85%) React
29 832 (11.19%) JIRA
30 831 (11.18%) SC Cleared

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 524 (7.05%) Confluence
2 325 (4.37%) Apache Spark
3 315 (4.24%) Apache
4 175 (2.35%) WebLogic
5 150 (2.02%) Tomcat
6 140 (1.88%) WebSphere
7 130 (1.75%) JBoss
8 89 (1.20%) Mule
9 80 (1.08%) nginx
10 73 (0.98%) WebSphere Application Server
11 66 (0.89%) Apache Airflow
12 65 (0.87%) Red Hat Fuse
13 64 (0.86%) Cloud Foundry
14 50 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 46 (0.62%) Oracle Workflow
16 45 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 45 (0.61%) SharePoint
17 42 (0.57%) SAS
18 39 (0.52%) IIS
18 39 (0.52%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 86 (1.16%) Microsoft Excel
2 31 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
3 27 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (0.24%) MS Visio
5 16 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
6 11 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.040%) AutoCAD
8 2 (0.027%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.027%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.027%) Sketch
9 1 (0.013%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.013%) MadCap Flare
9 1 (0.013%) PTC Creo
9 1 (0.013%) Snagit
9 1 (0.013%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 32 (0.43%) assyst
2 24 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
3 23 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
4 19 (0.26%) Oracle 11i
5 16 (0.22%) Magento
6 14 (0.19%) Shopify
7 13 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
8 12 (0.16%) BusinessWorks
8 12 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
9 11 (0.15%) Misys Midas
10 10 (0.13%) Primavera
11 9 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
11 9 (0.12%) RMDS
11 9 (0.12%) SAP FI-CA
11 9 (0.12%) SAP PSCD
12 8 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
13 6 (0.081%) Oracle Cash Management
13 6 (0.081%) Oracle Utilities
13 6 (0.081%) Payment Gateway
13 6 (0.081%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 1,850 (24.89%) AWS
2 1,334 (17.95%) Azure
3 706 (9.50%) GCP
4 441 (5.93%) Serverless
5 353 (4.75%) GitHub
6 304 (4.09%) AWS Lambda
7 247 (3.32%) OpenShift
8 217 (2.92%) Azure DevOps
9 209 (2.81%) Amazon EC2
10 196 (2.64%) Amazon S3
11 149 (2.00%) AWS CloudFormation
12 142 (1.91%) SaaS
13 130 (1.75%) PaaS
14 102 (1.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 101 (1.36%) Amazon SQS
16 98 (1.32%) IaaS
17 95 (1.28%) Azure AKS
18 87 (1.17%) Power Platform
19 83 (1.12%) Azure Data Factory
20 78 (1.05%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 155 (2.09%) HTTP
2 128 (1.72%) TCP/IP
3 89 (1.20%) Internet
4 73 (0.98%) Firewall
5 62 (0.83%) DNS
6 57 (0.77%) SSL
7 51 (0.69%) Ethernet
8 47 (0.63%) HTTPS
9 34 (0.46%) FIX Connectivity
10 32 (0.43%) FTP
10 32 (0.43%) IPv4
11 31 (0.42%) MQTT
11 31 (0.42%) VPN
12 28 (0.38%) SMTP
13 27 (0.36%) SSH
14 24 (0.32%) Kerberos
15 21 (0.28%) Network Security
16 20 (0.27%) DSL
16 20 (0.27%) WAN
17 18 (0.24%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 499 (6.71%) NoSQL
2 464 (6.24%) PostgreSQL
3 462 (6.22%) SQL Server
4 417 (5.61%) MongoDB
5 415 (5.58%) Relational Database
6 336 (4.52%) Big Data
7 293 (3.94%) MySQL
8 213 (2.87%) Hadoop
9 206 (2.77%) Oracle Database
10 195 (2.62%) Data Warehouse
11 155 (2.09%) Redis
12 144 (1.94%) Elasticsearch
13 127 (1.71%) Amazon RDS
14 114 (1.53%) DynamoDB
15 111 (1.49%) Data Lake
16 110 (1.48%) RDBMS
17 99 (1.33%) Apache Cassandra
18 90 (1.21%) Apache Hive
19 83 (1.12%) Pentaho
20 75 (1.01%) HBase
Development Applications
1 1,283 (17.26%) Jenkins
2 1,237 (16.64%) Git (software)
3 832 (11.19%) JIRA
4 813 (10.94%) Maven
5 441 (5.93%) Cucumber
6 426 (5.73%) GitLab
7 415 (5.58%) JUnit
8 405 (5.45%) Selenium
9 347 (4.67%) Gradle
10 257 (3.46%) Bitbucket
11 207 (2.78%) TeamCity
12 190 (2.56%) Mockito
13 157 (2.11%) Sonatype Nexus
14 155 (2.09%) Eclipse
15 138 (1.86%) Subversion
16 135 (1.82%) SonarQube
17 134 (1.80%) Postman
18 121 (1.63%) JMeter
19 119 (1.60%) REST Assured
20 111 (1.49%) IntelliJ
General
1 1,683 (22.64%) Finance
2 1,327 (17.85%) Social Skills
3 1,175 (15.81%) Banking
4 718 (9.66%) Front Office
5 518 (6.97%) Public Sector
6 494 (6.65%) Investment Banking
7 484 (6.51%) Analytical Skills
8 146 (1.96%) Retail
9 113 (1.52%) Financial Institution
10 106 (1.43%) Presentation Skills
11 76 (1.02%) Marketing
12 75 (1.01%) Legal
13 69 (0.93%) Telecoms
14 61 (0.82%) Influencing Skills
15 53 (0.71%) Law
16 42 (0.57%) Organisational Skills
17 39 (0.52%) Automotive
17 39 (0.52%) Publishing
18 37 (0.50%) Manufacturing
19 35 (0.47%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 3,955 (53.21%) Developer
2 2,587 (34.80%) Java Developer
3 710 (9.55%) Senior Developer
4 653 (8.79%) Software Engineer
5 560 (7.53%) Java Engineer
6 527 (7.09%) Senior Java Developer
7 517 (6.96%) Architect
8 402 (5.41%) DevOps Engineer
9 325 (4.37%) Data Engineer
10 294 (3.96%) Full Stack Developer
11 292 (3.93%) Java Software Engineer
12 270 (3.63%) AWS Engineer
13 212 (2.85%) AWS Developer
14 203 (2.73%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 194 (2.61%) Java Software Developer
16 193 (2.60%) Analyst
17 186 (2.50%) Electronic Trading Developer
18 180 (2.42%) Solutions Architect
19 172 (2.31%) Python Developer
20 171 (2.30%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,860 (25.02%) Spring
2 1,331 (17.91%) Spring Boot
3 1,046 (14.07%) Kafka
4 960 (12.92%) REST
5 881 (11.85%) React
6 639 (8.60%) RESTful
7 633 (8.52%) HTML
8 608 (8.18%) Web Services
9 544 (7.32%) Node.js
10 525 (7.06%) AngularJS
11 512 (6.89%) CSS
12 502 (6.75%) .NET
13 446 (6.00%) JSON
14 429 (5.77%) XML
15 385 (5.18%) Hibernate
16 375 (5.05%) SOAP
17 369 (4.96%) J2EE
18 269 (3.62%) HTML5
19 245 (3.30%) JPA
20 241 (3.24%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 385 (5.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 289 (3.89%) Fixed Income
3 237 (3.19%) User Experience
4 231 (3.11%) Cloud Native
4 231 (3.11%) Derivative
5 220 (2.96%) Algorithms
6 214 (2.88%) Greenfield Project
7 191 (2.57%) Hedge funds
8 185 (2.49%) Data Structures
9 178 (2.39%) Equities
10 176 (2.37%) Public Cloud
11 163 (2.19%) Data Protection Act
12 147 (1.98%) Mobile App
13 133 (1.79%) Enterprise Software
14 131 (1.76%) Self-Motivation
15 110 (1.48%) Virtual Team
16 88 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
17 86 (1.16%) Management Information System
18 80 (1.08%) Legacy Systems
19 56 (0.75%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 1,230 (16.55%) Linux
2 562 (7.56%) Unix
3 464 (6.24%) Windows
4 217 (2.92%) Android
5 97 (1.30%) Apple iOS
6 53 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 43 (0.58%) Mac OS X
8 38 (0.51%) Solaris
9 32 (0.43%) AIX
10 31 (0.42%) Ubuntu
11 26 (0.35%) Windows Server
12 25 (0.34%) CentOS
13 17 (0.23%) VMS
14 10 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
14 10 (0.13%) zOS
15 8 (0.11%) Mac OS
16 7 (0.094%) Debian
16 7 (0.094%) SUSE
16 7 (0.094%) Windows 10
17 6 (0.081%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,255 (43.79%) Agile
2 2,009 (27.03%) Microservices
3 1,817 (24.45%) CI/CD
4 1,741 (23.42%) DevOps
5 1,543 (20.76%) Software Engineering
6 1,290 (17.36%) TDD
7 1,214 (16.33%) Test Automation
8 1,037 (13.95%) Scrum
9 691 (9.30%) Continuous Integration
10 688 (9.26%) BDD
11 683 (9.19%) Full Stack Development
12 638 (8.58%) Problem-Solving
13 570 (7.67%) Analytics
14 517 (6.96%) OO
15 477 (6.42%) Multithreading
16 430 (5.79%) Electronic Trading
17 417 (5.61%) Low Latency
18 413 (5.56%) SDLC
19 390 (5.25%) Kanban
20 388 (5.22%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,948 (26.21%) Python
2 1,580 (21.26%) SQL
3 1,522 (20.48%) JavaScript
4 816 (10.98%) C#
5 609 (8.19%) C++
6 512 (6.89%) Scala
7 484 (6.51%) TypeScript
8 358 (4.82%) Go
9 333 (4.48%) Kotlin
10 299 (4.02%) PL/SQL
11 271 (3.65%) Bash
12 267 (3.59%) Shell Script
13 259 (3.48%) C
14 234 (3.15%) Perl
15 184 (2.48%) PowerShell
16 167 (2.25%) Ruby
17 158 (2.13%) PHP
18 134 (1.80%) Groovy
19 77 (1.04%) R
20 72 (0.97%) VBA
Qualifications
1 980 (13.18%) Security Cleared
2 831 (11.18%) SC Cleared
3 408 (5.49%) Degree
4 218 (2.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 163 (2.19%) DV Cleared
6 80 (1.08%) BPSS Clearance
7 49 (0.66%) ISTQB
8 46 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
9 41 (0.55%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 28 (0.38%) Master's Degree
11 27 (0.36%) AWS Certification
12 23 (0.31%) ISEB
13 19 (0.26%) CISSP
13 19 (0.26%) PhD
14 14 (0.19%) PMP
15 11 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
16 10 (0.13%) CTC Cleared
17 9 (0.12%) FFIEC
17 9 (0.12%) Oracle Certification
18 7 (0.094%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 448 (6.03%) QA
2 126 (1.70%) Accessibility
3 60 (0.81%) Data Quality
4 46 (0.62%) GDPR
5 44 (0.59%) PMO
6 29 (0.39%) SLA
7 23 (0.31%) WCAG
8 18 (0.24%) NIST
9 17 (0.23%) PCI DSS
10 10 (0.13%) ISO 20022
10 10 (0.13%) SEPA
11 9 (0.12%) GLBA
12 5 (0.067%) MiFID
12 5 (0.067%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 3 (0.040%) Actionable Recommendations
13 3 (0.040%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 3 (0.040%) NCSC
13 3 (0.040%) OASIS TOSCA
14 2 (0.027%) Cyber Essentials
14 2 (0.027%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
System Software
1 1,385 (18.63%) Docker
2 66 (0.89%) Active Directory
3 61 (0.82%) HDFS
4 48 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
5 30 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
6 28 (0.38%) vSphere
7 10 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 9 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
9 7 (0.094%) OpenSSH
9 7 (0.094%) Postfix
10 6 (0.081%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 6 (0.081%) Varnish
10 6 (0.081%) VirtualBox
11 5 (0.067%) Ceph
12 4 (0.054%) Hyper-V
12 4 (0.054%) NFS
12 4 (0.054%) OpenDJ
12 4 (0.054%) VMware ESXi
13 3 (0.040%) OpenAM
13 3 (0.040%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,434 (19.29%) Kubernetes
2 676 (9.09%) Terraform
3 461 (6.20%) Ansible
4 165 (2.22%) Grafana
5 149 (2.00%) Puppet
6 128 (1.72%) Prometheus
7 109 (1.47%) Packer
8 78 (1.05%) Kibana
9 77 (1.04%) Opscode Chef
10 72 (0.97%) ITRS Geneos
11 62 (0.83%) Consul
12 51 (0.69%) Istio
13 31 (0.42%) Single Sign-On
14 29 (0.39%) logstash
15 26 (0.35%) Rancher
16 23 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
17 22 (0.30%) vCenter Server
18 21 (0.28%) vRealize Orchestrator
19 20 (0.27%) Argo
20 18 (0.24%) BladeLogic
Vendors
1 1,078 (14.50%) Oracle
2 401 (5.39%) Microsoft
3 312 (4.20%) Google
4 224 (3.01%) IBM
5 187 (2.52%) Splunk
6 175 (2.35%) Databricks
7 154 (2.07%) Red Hat
8 138 (1.86%) SAP
9 102 (1.37%) ION Trading
10 96 (1.29%) Salesforce.com
11 94 (1.26%) AppDynamics
12 93 (1.25%) VMware
13 88 (1.18%) Atlassian
14 87 (1.17%) Dynatrace
15 79 (1.06%) Adobe
16 71 (0.96%) Cloudera
17 70 (0.94%) Informatica
18 65 (0.87%) MuleSoft
18 65 (0.87%) webMethods
19 64 (0.86%) ServiceNow