Period
to 7 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 7 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
7 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 4 5
Rank change year-on-year -6 +1 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 6,229 11,706 13,001
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 11.40% 13.21% 13.93%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.83% 30.40% 32.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,368 8,274 9,464
Median daily rate £538 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £382 £380 £363
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 112 90 100
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £41.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +7.78% +4.38%
10th Percentile £20.50 £26.65 £21.25
90th Percentile £60.93 £60.32 £70.08
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £41.25
% change year-on-year -18.60% +4.24% +0.61%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 22,384 38,501 40,322
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 40.95% 43.44% 43.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,304 27,139 28,420
Median daily rate £500 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +8.57%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £656 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £485 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +2.11% +2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 500 613 729
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £17.83 £18.00 £17.39
90th Percentile £55.10 £53.75 £51.05
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in England.

Hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 7 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 3,728 £560 +1.82% 1,017
North of England -6 702 £475 +5.56% 278
South East -10 678 £475 - 259
South West -1 477 £500 +3.36% 159
Midlands -3 361 £450 - 163
North West -7 304 £465 +3.33% 150
Yorkshire -5 281 £500 +5.26% 85
West Midlands -3 255 £450 - 101
East of England -3 250 £500 - 105
North East 0 124 £445 -0.89% 43
East Midlands -11 104 £450 -5.26% 62
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 7 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 2,969 (47.66%) Agile Software Development
2 1,575 (25.28%) AWS
3 1,546 (24.82%) Python
4 1,539 (24.71%) Spring
5 1,442 (23.15%) Microservices
6 1,414 (22.70%) DevOps
7 1,363 (21.88%) JavaScript
8 1,309 (21.01%) SQL
9 1,276 (20.48%) Finance
10 1,158 (18.59%) TDD
11 1,142 (18.33%) Jenkins
12 1,109 (17.80%) Docker
13 1,047 (16.81%) Test Automation
14 1,034 (16.60%) Web Services
15 1,023 (16.42%) Git (software)
16 949 (15.24%) Software Engineering
17 931 (14.95%) Oracle
18 921 (14.79%) Linux
19 911 (14.63%) Scrum
20 900 (14.45%) Spring Boot
21 896 (14.38%) Security Cleared
22 862 (13.84%) Azure
23 829 (13.31%) Java 8
24 812 (13.04%) Kubernetes
25 776 (12.46%) REST
26 757 (12.15%) Continuous Integration
27 746 (11.98%) AngularJS
28 731 (11.74%) Banking
29 703 (11.29%) SC Cleared
30 672 (10.79%) HTML

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 341 (5.47%) Confluence
2 235 (3.77%) WebLogic
3 229 (3.68%) Apache Spark
4 215 (3.45%) Apache
5 192 (3.08%) Tomcat
6 162 (2.60%) Elasticsearch
7 127 (2.04%) WebSphere
8 119 (1.91%) JBoss
9 87 (1.40%) Red Hat Fuse
10 86 (1.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 69 (1.11%) nginx
12 64 (1.03%) Cloud Foundry
13 57 (0.92%) CMS
14 46 (0.74%) MQSeries
15 41 (0.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 41 (0.66%) SAS
16 40 (0.64%) IIS
17 36 (0.58%) Mule
18 34 (0.55%) SharePoint
19 30 (0.48%) Jetty
Applications
1 36 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
2 31 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
3 26 (0.42%) Photoshop
4 20 (0.32%) Sketch
5 19 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
6 11 (0.18%) MS Visio
7 10 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 5 (0.080%) Adobe Illustrator
8 5 (0.080%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.064%) Acrobat
9 4 (0.064%) InDesign
9 4 (0.064%) InVision
9 4 (0.064%) Windchill
10 2 (0.032%) GIMP
10 2 (0.032%) Open Workbench
11 1 (0.016%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.016%) Simulink
11 1 (0.016%) Weka
11 1 (0.016%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 55 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
2 37 (0.59%) FINCAD Analytics
3 25 (0.40%) Oracle EBS
4 24 (0.39%) Magento
4 24 (0.39%) Remedy ITSM
5 23 (0.37%) BusinessWorks
6 21 (0.34%) Shopify
7 16 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
8 15 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 12 (0.19%) ION MarketView
10 11 (0.18%) SAP CRM
11 10 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
11 10 (0.16%) Finacle
12 9 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
13 8 (0.13%) Oracle AML
14 6 (0.096%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
15 5 (0.080%) NetSuite
15 5 (0.080%) Oracle BPM
15 5 (0.080%) Oracle Receivables
15 5 (0.080%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,575 (25.28%) AWS
2 862 (13.84%) Azure
3 488 (7.83%) GCP
4 295 (4.74%) Serverless
5 261 (4.19%) Amazon EC2
6 244 (3.92%) OpenShift
7 242 (3.89%) GitHub
8 226 (3.63%) Amazon S3
9 218 (3.50%) AWS Lambda
10 156 (2.50%) Amazon SQS
11 144 (2.31%) AWS CloudFormation
12 114 (1.83%) SaaS
13 110 (1.77%) Amazon ECS
13 110 (1.77%) PaaS
14 99 (1.59%) Power Platform
15 55 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
16 46 (0.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 45 (0.72%) AWS Step Functions
18 44 (0.71%) Apigee
19 42 (0.67%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 216 (3.47%) HTTP
2 132 (2.12%) TCP/IP
3 88 (1.41%) Firewall
4 83 (1.33%) SSL
5 73 (1.17%) DNS
6 60 (0.96%) Internet
7 54 (0.87%) FTP
8 42 (0.67%) Ethernet
9 38 (0.61%) SNMP
10 35 (0.56%) DHCP
11 32 (0.51%) Kerberos
12 31 (0.50%) VPN
13 24 (0.39%) HTTPS
14 23 (0.37%) IPsec
15 20 (0.32%) WAN
16 16 (0.26%) DMZ
16 16 (0.26%) Network Security
17 14 (0.22%) DSL
18 13 (0.21%) IPv6
18 13 (0.21%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 395 (6.34%) NoSQL
2 376 (6.04%) SQL Server
3 344 (5.52%) Relational Database
4 321 (5.15%) PostgreSQL
5 312 (5.01%) Big Data
6 311 (4.99%) MongoDB
7 277 (4.45%) MySQL
8 231 (3.71%) Hadoop
9 179 (2.87%) Amazon RDS
10 163 (2.62%) Oracle Database
11 140 (2.25%) RDBMS
12 136 (2.18%) Apache Cassandra
13 126 (2.02%) Amazon Redshift
14 109 (1.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 107 (1.72%) Data Warehouse
16 99 (1.59%) Redis
17 97 (1.56%) Power BI
18 94 (1.51%) HBase
19 77 (1.24%) Amazon Athena
20 72 (1.16%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,142 (18.33%) Jenkins
2 1,023 (16.42%) Git (software)
3 645 (10.35%) JIRA
4 611 (9.81%) Maven
5 486 (7.80%) JUnit
6 441 (7.08%) Selenium
7 414 (6.65%) Cucumber
8 238 (3.82%) Gradle
9 229 (3.68%) Mockito
10 216 (3.47%) GitLab
11 197 (3.16%) Bitbucket
12 164 (2.63%) Subversion
13 153 (2.46%) Eclipse
14 147 (2.36%) Artifactory
15 143 (2.30%) SonarQube
16 125 (2.01%) SoapUI
17 114 (1.83%) WebDriver
18 99 (1.59%) Ant
19 96 (1.54%) TeamCity
20 93 (1.49%) JMeter
General
1 1,276 (20.48%) Finance
2 731 (11.74%) Banking
3 518 (8.32%) Front Office
4 422 (6.77%) Public Sector
5 300 (4.82%) Investment Banking
6 119 (1.91%) Retail
7 105 (1.69%) Telecoms
8 101 (1.62%) Marketing
9 66 (1.06%) Manufacturing
10 62 (1.00%) Games
11 51 (0.82%) Electronics
11 51 (0.82%) Financial Institution
12 46 (0.74%) Aerospace
13 43 (0.69%) Back Office
14 37 (0.59%) Military
15 32 (0.51%) Retail Banking
16 31 (0.50%) Law
17 27 (0.43%) Publishing
18 23 (0.37%) Automotive
19 22 (0.35%) Legal
Job Titles
1 3,514 (56.41%) Developer
2 2,077 (33.34%) Java Developer
3 471 (7.56%) Architect
4 464 (7.45%) Senior Developer
5 365 (5.86%) DevOps Engineer
6 342 (5.49%) Software Engineer
7 338 (5.43%) Full Stack Developer
8 323 (5.19%) Java Engineer
9 303 (4.86%) AWS Developer
10 282 (4.53%) Senior Java Developer
11 232 (3.72%) AWS Engineer
12 184 (2.95%) Analyst
13 167 (2.68%) Software Developer
14 159 (2.55%) Tester
15 146 (2.34%) Python Developer
16 144 (2.31%) Consultant
16 144 (2.31%) React Developer
17 143 (2.30%) Data Engineer
18 139 (2.23%) Lead Developer
19 134 (2.15%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,539 (24.71%) Spring
2 1,034 (16.60%) Web Services
3 900 (14.45%) Spring Boot
4 776 (12.46%) REST
5 746 (11.98%) AngularJS
6 672 (10.79%) HTML
7 656 (10.53%) Node.js
8 640 (10.27%) RESTful
9 565 (9.07%) React
10 543 (8.72%) XML
11 529 (8.49%) .NET
12 527 (8.46%) CSS
12 527 (8.46%) SOAP
13 480 (7.71%) Kafka
14 459 (7.37%) J2EE
15 431 (6.92%) JSON
16 365 (5.86%) Hibernate
17 270 (4.33%) HTML5
18 194 (3.11%) RabbitMQ
19 180 (2.89%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 375 (6.02%) Greenfield Project
2 356 (5.72%) Fixed Income
3 332 (5.33%) Analytical Skills
4 329 (5.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 256 (4.11%) Derivative
6 227 (3.64%) User Experience
7 209 (3.36%) Equities
8 173 (2.78%) Mobile App
9 163 (2.62%) Enterprise Software
10 152 (2.44%) Hedge funds
11 145 (2.33%) Algorithms
12 135 (2.17%) Data Structures
13 94 (1.51%) Public Cloud
14 77 (1.24%) Cloud Native
14 77 (1.24%) Self-Motivation
15 71 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
16 69 (1.11%) Data Centre
17 62 (1.00%) Equity Derivative
18 61 (0.98%) Virtual Team
19 58 (0.93%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 921 (14.79%) Linux
2 510 (8.19%) Unix
3 334 (5.36%) Windows
4 261 (4.19%) Android
5 131 (2.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 111 (1.78%) Apple iOS
7 51 (0.82%) Ubuntu
8 46 (0.74%) CentOS
9 44 (0.71%) Mac OS X
10 36 (0.58%) Windows Server
11 30 (0.48%) Solaris
12 21 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
13 19 (0.31%) Debian
14 16 (0.26%) Oracle Linux
15 15 (0.24%) AIX
16 10 (0.16%) Windows 10
17 9 (0.14%) Mac OS
18 8 (0.13%) Windows Server 2016
19 7 (0.11%) Amazon Linux
19 7 (0.11%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,969 (47.66%) Agile Software Development
2 1,442 (23.15%) Microservices
3 1,414 (22.70%) DevOps
4 1,158 (18.59%) TDD
5 1,047 (16.81%) Test Automation
6 949 (15.24%) Software Engineering
7 911 (14.63%) Scrum
8 757 (12.15%) Continuous Integration
9 635 (10.19%) BDD
10 507 (8.14%) Open Source
11 438 (7.03%) Problem-Solving
12 382 (6.13%) SDLC
13 379 (6.08%) OO
14 338 (5.43%) Kanban
14 338 (5.43%) Multithreading
15 305 (4.90%) Mentoring
16 304 (4.88%) Analytics
17 301 (4.83%) Computer Science
18 294 (4.72%) Asset Management
19 285 (4.58%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 1,546 (24.82%) Python
2 1,363 (21.88%) JavaScript
3 1,309 (21.01%) SQL
4 829 (13.31%) Java 8
5 618 (9.92%) C#
6 431 (6.92%) C++
7 410 (6.58%) Scala
8 299 (4.80%) Kotlin
9 275 (4.41%) PL/SQL
10 239 (3.84%) Ruby
11 229 (3.68%) Bash Shell
12 215 (3.45%) Shell Script
13 191 (3.07%) PHP
14 170 (2.73%) R
15 160 (2.57%) Go
15 160 (2.57%) Groovy
16 157 (2.52%) Perl
17 153 (2.46%) TypeScript
18 151 (2.42%) C
19 148 (2.38%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 896 (14.38%) Security Cleared
2 703 (11.29%) SC Cleared
3 390 (6.26%) Degree
4 149 (2.39%) Computer Science Degree
5 135 (2.17%) DV Cleared
6 85 (1.36%) ISEB
6 85 (1.36%) ISTQB
7 69 (1.11%) BPSS Clearance
8 51 (0.82%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 43 (0.69%) Master's Degree
10 30 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
11 25 (0.40%) DBS Check
12 22 (0.35%) AWS Certification
13 20 (0.32%) CISSP
14 18 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
15 16 (0.26%) PhD
16 13 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
16 13 (0.21%) ISEB Practitioner
17 12 (0.19%) SANS
18 11 (0.18%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 308 (4.94%) QA
2 36 (0.58%) Data Quality
3 20 (0.32%) SLA
4 17 (0.27%) GDPR
5 16 (0.26%) WCAG
6 12 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 11 (0.18%) PCI DSS
8 9 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
9 8 (0.13%) HL7
9 8 (0.13%) PSD2
10 7 (0.11%) MiFID
11 6 (0.096%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 6 (0.096%) PMO
12 4 (0.064%) SEPA
13 3 (0.048%) Basel III
13 3 (0.048%) COBIT
13 3 (0.048%) Government Security Classifications
13 3 (0.048%) NCSC
14 2 (0.032%) IFRS
14 2 (0.032%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 1,109 (17.80%) Docker
2 100 (1.61%) Active Directory
3 56 (0.90%) HDFS
4 45 (0.72%) VMware Infrastructure
5 39 (0.63%) Postfix
6 28 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
7 19 (0.31%) Xen
8 16 (0.26%) OpenAM
8 16 (0.26%) OpenDJ
8 16 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
9 15 (0.24%) vSphere
10 11 (0.18%) NFS
11 9 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 7 (0.11%) Apache Flume
13 6 (0.096%) LXC
13 6 (0.096%) RACF
13 6 (0.096%) VMware ESXi
14 5 (0.080%) Firmware
14 5 (0.080%) GridGain
15 3 (0.048%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 812 (13.04%) Kubernetes
2 519 (8.33%) Terraform
3 421 (6.76%) Ansible
4 223 (3.58%) Puppet
5 166 (2.66%) Opscode Chef
6 62 (1.00%) Grafana
7 55 (0.88%) Kibana
8 52 (0.83%) Prometheus
9 43 (0.69%) Nagios
10 41 (0.66%) Hadoop YARN
11 38 (0.61%) Packer
12 33 (0.53%) logstash
13 28 (0.45%) Amdocs OSS
14 27 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
15 24 (0.39%) Netcool
16 23 (0.37%) Netcool/OMNIbus
17 20 (0.32%) Data Guard
18 19 (0.31%) SCCM
19 16 (0.26%) Consul
19 16 (0.26%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 931 (14.95%) Oracle
2 353 (5.67%) Microsoft
3 328 (5.27%) Google
4 208 (3.34%) SAP
5 175 (2.81%) Red Hat
6 147 (2.36%) IBM
7 123 (1.97%) Salesforce.com
8 119 (1.91%) MuleSoft
9 108 (1.73%) Sybase
10 104 (1.67%) webMethods
11 86 (1.38%) Splunk
12 71 (1.14%) BEA
13 68 (1.09%) Cloudera
14 66 (1.06%) Adobe
15 62 (1.00%) hybris
15 62 (1.00%) VMware
16 60 (0.96%) Atlassian
17 57 (0.92%) Axway
18 49 (0.79%) TIBCO
19 48 (0.77%) Informatica