Period
to 20 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 20 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > England
6 months to
20 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 5 6 8
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 12579 12389 10938
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.77% 12.59% 10.49%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.76% 31.15% 27.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 8925 8816 7510
England median daily rate £500 £466 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.30% +3.56% -
10th Percentile £356 £315 £313
90th Percentile £656 £625 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 137 130 197
England median hourly rate £40.00 £36.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -10.00% +14.29%
10th Percentile £26.08 £12.25 £21.70
90th Percentile £63.75 £50.00 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +11.11% -10.00% +11.11%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 38402 39773 40179
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 42.04% 40.41% 38.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 26903 27590 27572
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £310 £285 £269
90th Percentile £638 £588 £594
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 741 841 895
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +2.74% +14.54%
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.25 £15.50
90th Percentile £53.00 £52.50 £50.75
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £36.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% +2.74% +14.06%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 20 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in England

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in England over the 6 months to 20 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in England

Java
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the England region over the 6 months to 20 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 8051 £538 +7.50% 631
South East 0 1665 £475 +5.56% 223
North of England 0 1281 £425 - 210
North West -3 598 £438 +2.94% 107
Yorkshire 0 575 £425 -3.41% 86
Midlands -6 572 £425 - 121
South West +1 495 £413 +3.13% 78
East of England -1 478 £450 +5.88% 135
West Midlands -9 305 £438 +4.79% 58
East Midlands -2 260 £425 - 62
North East -2 112 £400 +6.67% 17
South Coast - 1 - -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 20 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Java.

1 6279 (49.92%) Agile Software Development
2 3143 (24.99%) TDD
3 3140 (24.96%) Spring
4 3015 (23.97%) JavaScript
5 2782 (22.12%) Finance
6 2768 (22.00%) SQL
7 2508 (19.94%) Linux
8 2235 (17.77%) Git (software)
9 2193 (17.43%) Banking
10 2173 (17.27%) Scrum
11 2157 (17.15%) Web Services
12 2133 (16.96%) Jenkins
13 2093 (16.64%) HTML
13 2093 (16.64%) Python
14 2035 (16.18%) Test Automation
15 1995 (15.86%) DevOps
16 1993 (15.84%) Continuous Integration
17 1911 (15.19%) REST
18 1862 (14.80%) Microservices
19 1827 (14.52%) Oracle
20 1761 (14.00%) Amazon AWS
21 1698 (13.50%) BDD
22 1515 (12.04%) CSS
23 1505 (11.96%) AngularJS
24 1492 (11.86%) Unix
25 1487 (11.82%) RESTful
26 1445 (11.49%) Docker
27 1441 (11.46%) Maven
28 1304 (10.37%) JIRA
29 1279 (10.17%) XML

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 812 (6.46%) Tomcat
2 765 (6.08%) Apache Spark
3 692 (5.50%) Confluence
4 671 (5.33%) Apache
5 528 (4.20%) JBoss
6 507 (4.03%) WebSphere
7 438 (3.48%) Elasticsearch
8 313 (2.49%) WebLogic
9 222 (1.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 217 (1.73%) Apache Solr
11 204 (1.62%) Cloud Foundry
12 165 (1.31%) CMS
13 152 (1.21%) Mule
14 145 (1.15%) nginx
15 140 (1.11%) OpenStack
16 134 (1.07%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 126 (1.00%) IIS
18 116 (0.92%) WildFly
19 107 (0.85%) WebSphere Application Server
20 92 (0.73%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 69 (0.55%) Microsoft Excel
2 52 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
3 28 (0.22%) Photoshop
4 23 (0.18%) MS Visio
5 18 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 14 (0.11%) OmniGraffle
7 13 (0.10%) Simulink
8 12 (0.095%) Chatbot
8 12 (0.095%) Spreadsheet
9 11 (0.087%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 9 (0.072%) HipChat
11 8 (0.064%) Pipeline Pilot
12 7 (0.056%) SmartSuite
13 6 (0.048%) Adobe Illustrator
13 6 (0.048%) Microsoft Project
14 4 (0.032%) SPSS
15 3 (0.024%) Mingle
16 1 (0.008%) AutoCAD
16 1 (0.008%) GNU Octave
16 1 (0.008%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 110 (0.87%) ION MarketView
2 44 (0.35%) Oracle BPM
3 43 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
3 43 (0.34%) SAP Hybris
4 36 (0.29%) Magento
5 30 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 27 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
7 26 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
8 18 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
9 15 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
10 14 (0.11%) R3 Corda
11 13 (0.10%) RMDS
12 12 (0.095%) Oracle Utilities
13 11 (0.087%) Oracle Retail
14 10 (0.079%) SAP Oil and Gas
15 9 (0.072%) Pega PRPC
16 8 (0.064%) SAP ERP
17 7 (0.056%) OpenText Process Suite
18 6 (0.048%) Adobe Campaign
18 6 (0.048%) Kondor
Cloud Services
1 1761 (14.00%) Amazon AWS
2 513 (4.08%) Microsoft Azure
3 369 (2.93%) GitHub
4 250 (1.99%) PaaS
5 175 (1.39%) Amazon EC2
6 174 (1.38%) OpenShift
7 134 (1.07%) Amazon S3
8 132 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
9 117 (0.93%) IaaS
9 117 (0.93%) npm
10 114 (0.91%) AWS CloudFormation
11 113 (0.90%) Google Cloud Platform
11 113 (0.90%) SaaS
12 104 (0.83%) Serverless
13 72 (0.57%) AWS Lambda
13 72 (0.57%) IBM Cloud
14 71 (0.56%) Bluemix
15 69 (0.55%) Heroku
16 56 (0.45%) Amazon SQS
17 55 (0.44%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 466 (3.70%) HTTP
2 294 (2.34%) Internet
3 271 (2.15%) TCP/IP
4 186 (1.48%) SSL
5 163 (1.30%) LDAP
6 137 (1.09%) Firewall
7 133 (1.06%) Kerberos
8 114 (0.91%) DNS
9 75 (0.60%) Network Security
10 64 (0.51%) SMS
11 62 (0.49%) HTTPS
12 59 (0.47%) FTP
13 49 (0.39%) LAN
14 48 (0.38%) IPsec
15 45 (0.36%) SSH
16 43 (0.34%) Wireless
17 36 (0.29%) VPN
18 34 (0.27%) WAN
19 32 (0.25%) BIG-IP
20 31 (0.25%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1119 (8.90%) NoSQL
2 1046 (8.32%) Big Data
3 989 (7.86%) MongoDB
4 975 (7.75%) Hadoop
5 919 (7.31%) Relational Database
6 742 (5.90%) MySQL
7 737 (5.86%) PostgreSQL
8 686 (5.45%) SQL Server
9 416 (3.31%) RDBMS
10 408 (3.24%) Apache Cassandra
11 398 (3.16%) HBase
12 350 (2.78%) Oracle Database
13 324 (2.58%) Apache Hive
14 200 (1.59%) Redis
15 174 (1.38%) Data Warehouse
16 133 (1.06%) DB2
17 110 (0.87%) Impala
18 102 (0.81%) Sqoop
19 91 (0.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 90 (0.72%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 2235 (17.77%) Git (software)
2 2133 (16.96%) Jenkins
3 1441 (11.46%) Maven
4 1304 (10.37%) JIRA
5 1051 (8.36%) JUnit
6 988 (7.85%) Selenium
7 909 (7.23%) Cucumber
8 648 (5.15%) Subversion
9 469 (3.73%) Mockito
10 431 (3.43%) Gradle
11 392 (3.12%) IntelliJ
12 379 (3.01%) Eclipse
13 369 (2.93%) WebDriver
14 352 (2.80%) TeamCity
15 321 (2.55%) Ant
16 236 (1.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 226 (1.80%) Sonatype Nexus
18 225 (1.79%) SoapUI
19 212 (1.69%) Bitbucket
20 170 (1.35%) SonarQube
General
1 2782 (22.12%) Finance
2 2193 (17.43%) Banking
3 1018 (8.09%) Front Office
4 802 (6.38%) Investment Banking
5 434 (3.45%) Retail
6 328 (2.61%) Marketing
7 308 (2.45%) Telecoms
8 224 (1.78%) Games
9 192 (1.53%) Manufacturing
10 177 (1.41%) Financial Institution
11 163 (1.30%) Electronics
12 125 (0.99%) Retail Banking
13 85 (0.68%) Back Office
14 80 (0.64%) Publishing
15 70 (0.56%) Advertising
16 57 (0.45%) Legal
17 48 (0.38%) Automotive
18 44 (0.35%) Billing
19 40 (0.32%) Law
20 37 (0.29%) French Language
Job Titles
1 7881 (62.65%) Developer
2 5196 (41.31%) Java Developer
3 1172 (9.32%) Senior Developer
4 823 (6.54%) Senior Java Developer
5 793 (6.30%) Architect
6 638 (5.07%) DevOps Engineer
7 498 (3.96%) Agile Developer
8 492 (3.91%) Java Engineer
9 485 (3.86%) Analyst
10 445 (3.54%) Full Stack Developer
11 417 (3.32%) JavaScript Developer
12 397 (3.16%) Scala Developer
13 394 (3.13%) Agile Java Developer
14 353 (2.81%) Consultant
15 348 (2.77%) Angular Developer
16 338 (2.69%) Tester
17 307 (2.44%) Software Engineer
18 297 (2.36%) Android Developer
19 256 (2.04%) Software Developer
20 245 (1.95%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3140 (24.96%) Spring
2 2157 (17.15%) Web Services
3 2093 (16.64%) HTML
4 1911 (15.19%) REST
5 1515 (12.04%) CSS
6 1505 (11.96%) AngularJS
7 1487 (11.82%) RESTful
8 1279 (10.17%) XML
9 1229 (9.77%) Hibernate
10 1135 (9.02%) JSON
11 1105 (8.78%) Node.js
12 1088 (8.65%) J2EE
13 1072 (8.52%) HTML5
14 1021 (8.12%) SOAP
15 987 (7.85%) Spring Boot
16 807 (6.42%) .NET
17 744 (5.91%) Kafka
18 691 (5.49%) React
19 559 (4.44%) Java EE
20 558 (4.44%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 803 (6.38%) Analytical Skills
2 652 (5.18%) Greenfield Project
3 625 (4.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 536 (4.26%) Computer Science
5 440 (3.50%) User Experience
6 390 (3.10%) Fixed Income
7 389 (3.09%) Mobile App
8 351 (2.79%) Derivative
8 351 (2.79%) Equities
9 307 (2.44%) Algorithms
10 282 (2.24%) Data Structures
11 238 (1.89%) Enterprise Software
12 202 (1.61%) Fintech
13 170 (1.35%) Virtual Team
14 150 (1.19%) Linux Command Line
15 132 (1.05%) Market Risk
16 125 (0.99%) Client/Server
17 113 (0.90%) Equity Derivative
18 102 (0.81%) N-Tier
19 90 (0.72%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 2508 (19.94%) Linux
2 1492 (11.86%) Unix
3 691 (5.49%) Windows
4 564 (4.48%) Android
5 366 (2.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 299 (2.38%) Apple iOS
7 172 (1.37%) CentOS
8 144 (1.14%) Mac OS X
9 122 (0.97%) Solaris
10 115 (0.91%) Windows Server
11 94 (0.75%) Ubuntu
12 63 (0.50%) AIX
13 56 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
14 51 (0.41%) VMS
15 50 (0.40%) Windows 7
16 38 (0.30%) CoreOS
17 35 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
18 30 (0.24%) Mac OS
19 24 (0.19%) HPUX
20 23 (0.18%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 6279 (49.92%) Agile Software Development
2 3143 (24.99%) TDD
3 2173 (17.27%) Scrum
4 2035 (16.18%) Test Automation
5 1995 (15.86%) DevOps
6 1993 (15.84%) Continuous Integration
7 1862 (14.80%) Microservices
8 1698 (13.50%) BDD
9 1264 (10.05%) OO
10 1211 (9.63%) Open Source
11 1075 (8.55%) Software Engineering
12 909 (7.23%) Multithreading
13 856 (6.80%) SDLC
14 809 (6.43%) MVC
15 779 (6.19%) Kanban
16 742 (5.90%) E-Commerce
17 681 (5.41%) SOA
18 643 (5.11%) Unit Testing
19 607 (4.83%) Low Latency
20 604 (4.80%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 3015 (23.97%) JavaScript
2 2768 (22.00%) SQL
3 2093 (16.64%) Python
4 1158 (9.21%) Scala
5 1116 (8.87%) C#
6 795 (6.32%) Ruby
7 675 (5.37%) C++
8 481 (3.82%) Bash Shell
9 417 (3.32%) Perl
10 395 (3.14%) Shell Script
11 383 (3.04%) Groovy
12 338 (2.69%) PL/SQL
13 299 (2.38%) PHP
14 293 (2.33%) Go
15 260 (2.07%) C
16 146 (1.16%) PowerShell
17 138 (1.10%) ES6
18 128 (1.02%) R
19 127 (1.01%) T-SQL
20 120 (0.95%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 891 (7.08%) Security Cleared
2 649 (5.16%) SC Cleared
3 614 (4.88%) Degree
4 191 (1.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 91 (0.72%) DV Cleared
6 86 (0.68%) ISEB
7 81 (0.64%) ISTQB
8 68 (0.54%) PhD
9 67 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
10 46 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
11 38 (0.30%) CISSP
12 33 (0.26%) Master's Degree
13 28 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
14 26 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 25 (0.20%) RHCE
15 25 (0.20%) Sun Certification
16 23 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
17 22 (0.17%) MCSE
18 20 (0.16%) MCSA
19 18 (0.14%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 749 (5.95%) QA
2 154 (1.22%) MiFID
3 49 (0.39%) Data Quality
4 45 (0.36%) SLA
5 42 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
6 31 (0.25%) WCAG
7 23 (0.18%) PCI DSS
8 20 (0.16%) HL7
9 12 (0.095%) Dodd-Frank
9 12 (0.095%) GCP
9 12 (0.095%) GDPR
10 11 (0.087%) EMIR
11 8 (0.064%) Actionable Recommendations
11 8 (0.064%) ISO 8583
12 7 (0.056%) AS 2805
13 6 (0.048%) SEPA
13 6 (0.048%) WAI
14 5 (0.040%) RosettaNet
15 3 (0.024%) FedRAMP
15 3 (0.024%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 1445 (11.49%) Docker
2 271 (2.15%) HDFS
3 154 (1.22%) Active Directory
4 126 (1.00%) Apache Flume
5 110 (0.87%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 93 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
7 92 (0.73%) Virtual Machines
8 22 (0.17%) vSphere
9 21 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
10 20 (0.16%) Xen
11 18 (0.14%) Firmware
11 18 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
12 17 (0.14%) OpenAM
13 14 (0.11%) vCloud
14 13 (0.10%) etcd
14 13 (0.10%) Postfix
14 13 (0.10%) Squid
15 12 (0.095%) NFS
16 11 (0.087%) OpenDJ
16 11 (0.087%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 912 (7.25%) Ansible
2 876 (6.96%) Puppet
3 534 (4.25%) Opscode Chef
4 492 (3.91%) Kubernetes
5 347 (2.76%) Terraform
6 182 (1.45%) Kibana
7 178 (1.42%) logstash
8 120 (0.95%) Hadoop YARN
9 118 (0.94%) Grafana
10 114 (0.91%) Oozie
11 73 (0.58%) Nagios
12 65 (0.52%) ZABBIX
13 62 (0.49%) Mesos
14 55 (0.44%) Ambari
14 55 (0.44%) Consul
14 55 (0.44%) HP Quality Center
15 50 (0.40%) Packer
16 43 (0.34%) Salt
17 40 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
18 39 (0.31%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1827 (14.52%) Oracle
2 458 (3.64%) IBM
3 408 (3.24%) Microsoft
4 346 (2.75%) Red Hat
5 293 (2.33%) SAP
6 291 (2.31%) Google
7 258 (2.05%) Sybase
8 246 (1.96%) TIBCO
9 218 (1.73%) Salesforce.com
10 210 (1.67%) Splunk
11 205 (1.63%) Atlassian
12 202 (1.61%) VMware
13 184 (1.46%) Adobe
14 158 (1.26%) hybris
15 149 (1.18%) ION Trading
16 142 (1.13%) HP
17 140 (1.11%) Cloudera
18 133 (1.06%) MuleSoft
19 117 (0.93%) AppDynamics
20 80 (0.64%) ATG