Period
to 20 February 2019

The median contractor rate for a Junior was £255 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 20 February 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Junior
UK
6 months to
20 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 419 382 356
Rank change year-on-year -37 -26 +24
Contract jobs requiring a Junior 554 635 635
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.56% 0.63% 0.67%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.59% 0.66% 0.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 320 400 414
UK median daily rate £255 £258 £225
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.97% +14.44% -
10th Percentile £113 £106 £120
90th Percentile £400 £375 £388
UK excluding London median daily rate £250 £250 £215
% change year-on-year - +16.28% -4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 74 40 63
UK median hourly rate £14.50 £15.13 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.13% -5.47% +23.08%
10th Percentile £8.66 £8.81 £10.06
90th Percentile £37.53 £52.45 £30.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £14.50 £15.25 £15.25
% change year-on-year -4.92% - +24.49%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 93,856 96,346 90,370
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.63% 94.88% 94.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 62,135 63,971 58,919
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £273 £263 £253
90th Percentile £644 £625 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,947 2,871 3,224
UK median hourly rate £18.70 £18.70 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.89% -5.26%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.91 £10.63
90th Percentile £48.94 £48.57 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Junior.

Contractor daily rate trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 20 February 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Junior.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 20 February 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 20 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -21 511 £250 -5.21% 898
UK excluding London -7 315 £250 - 713
London -52 231 £274 +1.48% 225
South East +15 116 £255 +2.00% 193
North of England -4 63 £231 +8.19% 176
South West -18 38 £323 +7.50% 91
East of England +9 32 £200 -25.93% 70
Scotland -26 30 £275 +22.22% 16
North West -11 29 £225 +5.75% 102
Midlands -40 29 £250 -13.04% 144
Yorkshire +5 27 £200 -42.03% 61
West Midlands -50 17 £225 -28.00% 77
East Midlands +1 12 £250 -6.98% 67
Wales -1 8 £280 +41.77% 22
North East -9 7 £325 +109.68% 13

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 20 February 2019, Junior contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 104 (18.77%) Finance
2 94 (16.97%) Agile Software Development
3 89 (16.06%) Microsoft
4 80 (14.44%) Microsoft Office
5 74 (13.36%) SQL
6 73 (13.18%) Project Management
7 63 (11.37%) Degree
8 61 (11.01%) Microsoft Excel
9 60 (10.83%) Windows
10 58 (10.47%) ITIL
11 54 (9.75%) Java
12 49 (8.84%) JavaScript
13 47 (8.48%) Analytical Skills
14 46 (8.30%) Stakeholder Management
14 46 (8.30%) Problem-Solving
15 45 (8.12%) HTML
16 43 (7.76%) Python
16 43 (7.76%) Self-Motivation
17 41 (7.40%) CSS
18 39 (7.04%) PRINCE2
19 38 (6.86%) Banking
19 38 (6.86%) Security Cleared
20 37 (6.68%) Active Directory
21 35 (6.32%) Office 365
22 33 (5.96%) Windows 10
23 31 (5.60%) C#
23 31 (5.60%) PMO
24 30 (5.42%) DevOps
25 29 (5.23%) Telecoms
26 28 (5.05%) Data Analysis

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (3.97%) SharePoint
2 15 (2.71%) CMS
3 14 (2.53%) MS Exchange
4 9 (1.62%) WordPress
5 8 (1.44%) IIS
6 7 (1.26%) Drupal
6 7 (1.26%) Skype for Business
7 5 (0.90%) Confluence
8 4 (0.72%) Apache
9 3 (0.54%) Marvel
9 3 (0.54%) SAS
9 3 (0.54%) Tomcat
9 3 (0.54%) WebSphere
10 2 (0.36%) MODX
10 2 (0.36%) nginx
11 1 (0.18%) Exchange Server 2007
11 1 (0.18%) Exchange Server 2010
11 1 (0.18%) JBoss
11 1 (0.18%) OpenStack
11 1 (0.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 80 (14.44%) Microsoft Office
2 61 (11.01%) Microsoft Excel
3 25 (4.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (3.25%) Microsoft Project
5 11 (1.99%) Photoshop
6 10 (1.81%) MS Visio
7 6 (1.08%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.54%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.54%) InVision
9 1 (0.18%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.18%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.18%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 5 (0.90%) Dynamics AX
2 2 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.36%) Oracle ERP
2 2 (0.36%) SystmOne
3 1 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.18%) Magento
3 1 (0.18%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.18%) SAP EWM
3 1 (0.18%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 35 (6.32%) Office 365
2 28 (5.05%) Microsoft Azure
3 16 (2.89%) Amazon AWS
4 7 (1.26%) IaaS
5 6 (1.08%) Cloud Computing
6 5 (0.90%) PaaS
6 5 (0.90%) SaaS
7 4 (0.72%) GitHub
7 4 (0.72%) Google Analytics
7 4 (0.72%) npm
8 2 (0.36%) Dynamics 365
8 2 (0.36%) G Suite
8 2 (0.36%) Mimecast
8 2 (0.36%) OneDrive
9 1 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Cloud
9 1 (0.18%) Apigee
9 1 (0.18%) AWS Lambda
9 1 (0.18%) Azure Machine Learning
9 1 (0.18%) Serverless
9 1 (0.18%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 14 (2.53%) Firewall
2 11 (1.99%) Skype
3 9 (1.62%) DNS
4 8 (1.44%) LAN
4 8 (1.44%) VoIP
5 7 (1.26%) WAN
6 6 (1.08%) Cisco IOS
7 5 (0.90%) Internet
7 5 (0.90%) Intranet
7 5 (0.90%) Telepresence
7 5 (0.90%) Wi-Fi
8 4 (0.72%) TCP/IP
8 4 (0.72%) VLAN
8 4 (0.72%) VPN
9 3 (0.54%) DHCP
9 3 (0.54%) Ethernet
9 3 (0.54%) FlexRay
10 2 (0.36%) 4G
10 2 (0.36%) AMQP
10 2 (0.36%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (4.69%) SQL Server
2 14 (2.53%) Relational Database
3 13 (2.35%) MySQL
4 9 (1.62%) GIS
5 8 (1.44%) Data Warehouse
5 8 (1.44%) MongoDB
5 8 (1.44%) PostgreSQL
6 7 (1.26%) Power BI
7 6 (1.08%) Big Data
7 6 (1.08%) Geospatial Data
8 5 (0.90%) Hadoop
9 4 (0.72%) Apache Hive
9 4 (0.72%) QlikView
10 3 (0.54%) NoSQL
10 3 (0.54%) Oracle Database
10 3 (0.54%) Qlik Sense
10 3 (0.54%) RDBMS
11 2 (0.36%) Cosmos DB
11 2 (0.36%) SQL Server 2005
11 2 (0.36%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 24 (4.33%) JIRA
2 15 (2.71%) Jenkins
3 14 (2.53%) Git (software)
4 9 (1.62%) Selenium
5 6 (1.08%) Cucumber
6 4 (0.72%) SoapUI
6 4 (0.72%) TeamCity
7 3 (0.54%) Eclipse
7 3 (0.54%) Rational Team Concert
7 3 (0.54%) Visual Studio
8 2 (0.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 2 (0.36%) HP UFT
8 2 (0.36%) Hudson
8 2 (0.36%) IntelliJ
8 2 (0.36%) Jasmine
8 2 (0.36%) JMeter
8 2 (0.36%) JUnit
8 2 (0.36%) SpecFlow
8 2 (0.36%) Subversion
8 2 (0.36%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 104 (18.77%) Finance
2 38 (6.86%) Banking
3 29 (5.23%) Telecoms
4 20 (3.61%) Marketing
5 15 (2.71%) Front Office
5 15 (2.71%) Retail
6 9 (1.62%) Advertising
7 8 (1.44%) Electronics
7 8 (1.44%) Law
7 8 (1.44%) Multimedia
8 7 (1.26%) Investment Banking
8 7 (1.26%) Publishing
9 6 (1.08%) Financial Institution
9 6 (1.08%) Legal
10 5 (0.90%) Mandarin Language
11 4 (0.72%) Pharmaceutical
12 3 (0.54%) Billing
12 3 (0.54%) French Language
12 3 (0.54%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.54%) Retail Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (8.12%) HTML
2 41 (7.40%) CSS
3 22 (3.97%) .NET
4 20 (3.61%) Node.js
5 19 (3.43%) HTML5
6 18 (3.25%) Web Services
7 15 (2.71%) AngularJS
8 13 (2.35%) React
8 13 (2.35%) Spring
9 12 (2.17%) CSS3
10 10 (1.81%) ASP.NET
11 9 (1.62%) XML
12 7 (1.26%) REST
12 7 (1.26%) RESTful
12 7 (1.26%) SOAP
12 7 (1.26%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 6 (1.08%) ASP.NET MVC
13 6 (1.08%) Kafka
13 6 (1.08%) Middleware
14 5 (0.90%) Express
Miscellaneous
1 47 (8.48%) Analytical Skills
2 43 (7.76%) Self-Motivation
3 21 (3.79%) User Experience
4 11 (1.99%) Mobile App
5 9 (1.62%) Life Science
6 8 (1.44%) NHS
7 7 (1.26%) Data Centre
7 7 (1.26%) Management Information System
7 7 (1.26%) Video Conferencing
8 6 (1.08%) Social Media
9 5 (0.90%) Credit Risk
9 5 (0.90%) Greenfield Project
10 4 (0.72%) Market Risk
10 4 (0.72%) Virtual Team
11 3 (0.54%) Animation
11 3 (0.54%) Mobile Banking
11 3 (0.54%) Robotics
11 3 (0.54%) Tandem
11 3 (0.54%) Taxonomies
12 2 (0.36%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 60 (10.83%) Windows
2 33 (5.96%) Windows 10
3 27 (4.87%) Windows 7
4 14 (2.53%) Linux
5 12 (2.17%) Android
5 12 (2.17%) Unix
5 12 (2.17%) Windows Server
6 9 (1.62%) Apple iOS
7 4 (0.72%) Windows 8
8 3 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
8 3 (0.54%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.36%) Windows XP
10 1 (0.18%) CentOS
10 1 (0.18%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.18%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.18%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.18%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 94 (16.97%) Agile Software Development
2 73 (13.18%) Project Management
3 58 (10.47%) ITIL
4 46 (8.30%) Problem-Solving
4 46 (8.30%) Stakeholder Management
5 39 (7.04%) PRINCE2
6 30 (5.42%) DevOps
7 28 (5.05%) Data Analysis
7 28 (5.05%) Web Development
8 27 (4.87%) Analytics
9 26 (4.69%) Migration
10 22 (3.97%) Business Intelligence
10 22 (3.97%) Service Delivery
11 21 (3.79%) Computer Science
12 20 (3.61%) Front End Development
12 20 (3.61%) Service Management
13 19 (3.43%) Test Automation
14 18 (3.25%) Asset Management
14 18 (3.25%) Change Management
14 18 (3.25%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 74 (13.36%) SQL
2 54 (9.75%) Java
3 49 (8.84%) JavaScript
4 43 (7.76%) Python
5 31 (5.60%) C#
6 15 (2.71%) PHP
7 11 (1.99%) C
8 9 (1.62%) C++
8 9 (1.62%) PowerShell
9 8 (1.44%) R
10 7 (1.26%) ES6
11 6 (1.08%) VBA
12 5 (0.90%) Bash Shell
12 5 (0.90%) Java 8
12 5 (0.90%) T-SQL
12 5 (0.90%) VB
13 4 (0.72%) Ruby
14 3 (0.54%) VB.NET
14 3 (0.54%) VBScript
15 2 (0.36%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 63 (11.37%) Degree
2 38 (6.86%) Security Cleared
3 24 (4.33%) ITIL Certification
3 24 (4.33%) SC Cleared
4 12 (2.17%) DV Cleared
5 9 (1.62%) Cisco Certification
5 9 (1.62%) PRINCE2 Certification
6 8 (1.44%) Computer Science Degree
7 7 (1.26%) CCNA
7 7 (1.26%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 5 (0.90%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.72%) CISM
9 4 (0.72%) CISSP
9 4 (0.72%) Microsoft Certification
10 3 (0.54%) CCNP
10 3 (0.54%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.54%) ISEB
10 3 (0.54%) MCSE
10 3 (0.54%) PMP
11 2 (0.36%) (ISC)2 CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (5.60%) PMO
2 23 (4.15%) QA
3 16 (2.89%) SLA
4 5 (0.90%) GDPR
5 3 (0.54%) ISO 26262
6 2 (0.36%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.36%) JSP 440
6 2 (0.36%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.36%) RMADS
6 2 (0.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.18%) COBIT
7 1 (0.18%) PMBOK
7 1 (0.18%) WCAG
System Software
1 37 (6.68%) Active Directory
2 13 (2.35%) Docker
3 9 (1.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.72%) Hyper-V
5 3 (0.54%) Firmware
5 3 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.36%) Microsoft App-V
6 2 (0.36%) Virtual Desktop
6 2 (0.36%) XenApp
6 2 (0.36%) XenDesktop
7 1 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.18%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 10 (1.81%) Puppet
2 8 (1.44%) Ansible
3 7 (1.26%) AirWatch
3 7 (1.26%) Opscode Chef
3 7 (1.26%) SCCM
4 5 (0.90%) Terraform
5 4 (0.72%) Kubernetes
6 3 (0.54%) HP ALM
7 2 (0.36%) CASB
7 2 (0.36%) Forefront Identity Manager
7 2 (0.36%) HAProxy
7 2 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.18%) Backup Exec
8 1 (0.18%) Grafana
8 1 (0.18%) McAfee ePO
8 1 (0.18%) Nagios
8 1 (0.18%) Packer
8 1 (0.18%) Prometheus
8 1 (0.18%) Rancher
Vendors
1 89 (16.06%) Microsoft
2 21 (3.79%) Cisco
3 19 (3.43%) Oracle
4 12 (2.17%) VMware
5 11 (1.99%) Apple
6 10 (1.81%) Google
6 10 (1.81%) SAP
6 10 (1.81%) ServiceNow
7 9 (1.62%) Citrix
8 8 (1.44%) HP
9 7 (1.26%) Ivanti
10 6 (1.08%) Bloomberg
11 5 (0.90%) Dell
11 5 (0.90%) Polycom
11 5 (0.90%) Reuters
11 5 (0.90%) Salesforce.com
12 4 (0.72%) Adobe
12 4 (0.72%) Juniper
13 3 (0.54%) IBM
13 3 (0.54%) Remedy