Period
to 15 November 2018

The median contractor rate for a Junior was £250 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Junior
UK
6 months to
15 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 398 394 374
Rank change year-on-year -4 -20 +7
Contract jobs requiring a Junior 614 642 691
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.59% 0.62% 0.65%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.62% 0.66% 0.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 353 377 442
UK median daily rate £250 £250 £225
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% -
10th Percentile £113 £106 £108
90th Percentile £395 £388 £388
UK excluding London median daily rate £250 £225 £220
% change year-on-year +11.11% +2.27% +2.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 72 49 69
UK median hourly rate £14.00 £15.00 £15.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.67% - +20.00%
10th Percentile £8.66 £9.80 £9.35
90th Percentile £28.68 £30.50 £26.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £14.85 £15.07 £15.00
% change year-on-year -1.46% +0.47% +20.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 98,713 97,786 100,886
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.76% 94.91% 94.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 65,151 64,422 65,726
UK median daily rate £450 £445 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.12% +4.71% +6.25%
10th Percentile £269 £261 £250
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,088 2,923 3,345
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £18.70 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.74% +3.89% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.93 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -2.78% +2.86% -

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Junior.

Contractor daily rate trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Junior.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 15 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 577 £250 - 863
UK excluding London +28 371 £250 +11.11% 696
London -61 233 £250 -9.09% 219
South East -2 132 £238 +10.47% 164
North of England +16 91 £265 +24.71% 161
South West +9 51 £260 +22.35% 94
North West -8 42 £275 +29.41% 89
Midlands -9 42 £160 -43.11% 123
Yorkshire +12 38 £200 -20.00% 60
East of England -14 26 £175 -26.32% 103
Scotland -10 25 £275 +10.00% 35
West Midlands -28 25 £285 -8.80% 64
East Midlands +9 17 £125 -50.00% 59
North East +1 11 £270 +8.00% 12
Wales -16 5 £280 +9.70% 17

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 15 November 2018, Junior contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 127 (20.68%) Finance
2 107 (17.43%) Microsoft
3 96 (15.64%) Project Management
4 85 (13.84%) Windows
5 78 (12.70%) Microsoft Office
6 77 (12.54%) Agile Software Development
7 69 (11.24%) Degree
8 66 (10.75%) SQL
9 55 (8.96%) PRINCE2
10 54 (8.79%) Microsoft Excel
11 53 (8.63%) Java
11 53 (8.63%) Analytical Skills
12 52 (8.47%) Security Cleared
12 52 (8.47%) JavaScript
13 51 (8.31%) Active Directory
14 49 (7.98%) PMO
15 47 (7.65%) HTML
16 43 (7.00%) Python
16 43 (7.00%) Problem-Solving
17 42 (6.84%) CSS
18 41 (6.68%) ITIL
18 41 (6.68%) SC Cleared
19 40 (6.51%) Stakeholder Management
20 38 (6.19%) Migration
21 37 (6.03%) C#
21 37 (6.03%) Windows 10
22 32 (5.21%) .NET
23 31 (5.05%) Microsoft Project
24 30 (4.89%) QA
24 30 (4.89%) Windows 7

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (4.40%) SharePoint
2 18 (2.93%) CMS
3 15 (2.44%) MS Exchange
4 10 (1.63%) WordPress
5 7 (1.14%) Skype for Business
6 6 (0.98%) SAS
7 5 (0.81%) Apache Spark
8 4 (0.65%) Confluence
8 4 (0.65%) IIS
9 3 (0.49%) Drupal
9 3 (0.49%) Elasticsearch
10 2 (0.33%) Marvel
10 2 (0.33%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.33%) Umbraco
11 1 (0.16%) Apache
11 1 (0.16%) Exchange Server 2007
11 1 (0.16%) Exchange Server 2010
11 1 (0.16%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 1 (0.16%) Sitecore CMS
11 1 (0.16%) WebSphere
Applications
1 78 (12.70%) Microsoft Office
2 54 (8.79%) Microsoft Excel
3 31 (5.05%) Microsoft Project
4 21 (3.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 12 (1.95%) Photoshop
6 9 (1.47%) Spreadsheet
7 6 (0.98%) Adobe Illustrator
8 5 (0.81%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 5 (0.81%) MS Visio
9 3 (0.49%) InDesign
10 2 (0.33%) Fireworks
10 2 (0.33%) InVision
Business Applications
1 4 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.33%) Oracle ERP
2 2 (0.33%) SystmOne
3 1 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.16%) Magento
3 1 (0.16%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.16%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 1 (0.16%) SAP CO
3 1 (0.16%) SAP EWM
3 1 (0.16%) SAP FI
3 1 (0.16%) SAP FI/CO
3 1 (0.16%) SAP R/3
3 1 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.16%) SAP SD
3 1 (0.16%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 26 (4.23%) Microsoft Azure
2 24 (3.91%) Office 365
3 17 (2.77%) Amazon AWS
4 9 (1.47%) Cloud Computing
5 5 (0.81%) Google Analytics
6 4 (0.65%) IaaS
6 4 (0.65%) SaaS
6 4 (0.65%) Serverless
7 3 (0.49%) Amazon EC2
7 3 (0.49%) Amazon S3
7 3 (0.49%) Azure Functions
7 3 (0.49%) Datadog
7 3 (0.49%) G Suite
7 3 (0.49%) GitHub
8 2 (0.33%) Adobe Analytics
8 2 (0.33%) Mimecast
8 2 (0.33%) OneDrive
8 2 (0.33%) PaaS
8 2 (0.33%) Route 53
8 2 (0.33%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 17 (2.77%) LAN
2 16 (2.61%) Firewall
3 9 (1.47%) Skype
4 8 (1.30%) DNS
4 8 (1.30%) Wireless
5 7 (1.14%) DHCP
5 7 (1.14%) VLAN
5 7 (1.14%) WAN
6 6 (0.98%) HTTP
6 6 (0.98%) Internet
7 5 (0.81%) Cisco IOS
7 5 (0.81%) Telepresence
7 5 (0.81%) VoIP
8 4 (0.65%) Intranet
9 3 (0.49%) Ethernet
9 3 (0.49%) FlexRay
9 3 (0.49%) Network Security
9 3 (0.49%) TCP/IP
10 2 (0.33%) AMQP
10 2 (0.33%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 27 (4.40%) SQL Server
2 18 (2.93%) MySQL
3 8 (1.30%) PostgreSQL
4 7 (1.14%) Big Data
4 7 (1.14%) Hadoop
4 7 (1.14%) Relational Database
5 5 (0.81%) Apache Cassandra
6 4 (0.65%) Data Mining
6 4 (0.65%) MS Access
6 4 (0.65%) Power BI
6 4 (0.65%) QlikView
6 4 (0.65%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 3 (0.49%) BusinessObjects
7 3 (0.49%) MongoDB
7 3 (0.49%) NoSQL
7 3 (0.49%) Oracle Database
8 2 (0.33%) Data Lake
8 2 (0.33%) GIS
8 2 (0.33%) Qlik Sense
8 2 (0.33%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 28 (4.56%) JIRA
2 20 (3.26%) Git (software)
3 13 (2.12%) Jenkins
4 12 (1.95%) Selenium
5 5 (0.81%) Cucumber
5 5 (0.81%) Visual Studio Team System
6 4 (0.65%) SonarQube
6 4 (0.65%) Subversion
6 4 (0.65%) Visual Studio
7 3 (0.49%) Bitbucket
7 3 (0.49%) IntelliJ
7 3 (0.49%) Rational Team Concert
7 3 (0.49%) Team Foundation Server
7 3 (0.49%) TeamCity
8 2 (0.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 2 (0.33%) Calabash
8 2 (0.33%) Hudson
8 2 (0.33%) Karma Test Runner
8 2 (0.33%) WebDriver
8 2 (0.33%) webpack
General
1 127 (20.68%) Finance
2 28 (4.56%) Telecoms
3 26 (4.23%) Banking
3 26 (4.23%) Marketing
4 22 (3.58%) Retail
5 12 (1.95%) Advertising
6 8 (1.30%) Legal
7 7 (1.14%) Electronics
7 7 (1.14%) Law
8 6 (0.98%) Front Office
8 6 (0.98%) Mandarin Language
8 6 (0.98%) Manufacturing
9 5 (0.81%) Billing
9 5 (0.81%) Financial Institution
9 5 (0.81%) Investment Banking
10 4 (0.65%) Games
10 4 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
10 4 (0.65%) Publishing
10 4 (0.65%) Retail Banking
11 3 (0.49%) French Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (7.65%) HTML
2 42 (6.84%) CSS
3 32 (5.21%) .NET
4 25 (4.07%) HTML5
5 18 (2.93%) CSS3
5 18 (2.93%) jQuery
6 14 (2.28%) AngularJS
7 12 (1.95%) ASP.NET
7 12 (1.95%) Spring
8 10 (1.63%) Web Services
8 10 (1.63%) XML
9 9 (1.47%) Node.js
10 8 (1.30%) ASP.NET MVC
10 8 (1.30%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 7 (1.14%) Kafka
11 7 (1.14%) Laravel
11 7 (1.14%) SOAP
12 6 (0.98%) REST
13 5 (0.81%) RESTful
13 5 (0.81%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 53 (8.63%) Analytical Skills
2 27 (4.40%) Self-Motivation
3 26 (4.23%) Computer Science
4 20 (3.26%) User Experience
5 15 (2.44%) Algorithms
6 14 (2.28%) Mobile App
7 12 (1.95%) Virtual Team
8 11 (1.79%) Data Structures
9 10 (1.63%) Video Conferencing
10 9 (1.47%) Management Information System
11 8 (1.30%) Data Centre
11 8 (1.30%) Greenfield Project
12 7 (1.14%) FMCG
12 7 (1.14%) NHS
12 7 (1.14%) Social Media
13 5 (0.81%) Client/Server
13 5 (0.81%) Fintech
14 4 (0.65%) Life Science
15 3 (0.49%) PKI
15 3 (0.49%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 85 (13.84%) Windows
2 37 (6.03%) Windows 10
3 30 (4.89%) Windows 7
4 22 (3.58%) Linux
5 15 (2.44%) Apple iOS
6 12 (1.95%) Android
6 12 (1.95%) Windows Server
7 6 (0.98%) Unix
8 4 (0.65%) Windows Server 2008
9 3 (0.49%) Windows XP
10 2 (0.33%) CentOS
10 2 (0.33%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.16%) Windows 8
11 1 (0.16%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 96 (15.64%) Project Management
2 77 (12.54%) Agile Software Development
3 55 (8.96%) PRINCE2
4 43 (7.00%) Problem-Solving
5 41 (6.68%) ITIL
6 40 (6.51%) Stakeholder Management
7 38 (6.19%) Migration
8 24 (3.91%) Scrum
9 23 (3.75%) Data Analysis
9 23 (3.75%) Web Development
10 22 (3.58%) Analytics
10 22 (3.58%) Change Management
10 22 (3.58%) Test Automation
11 21 (3.42%) Time Management
12 20 (3.26%) Front End Development
12 20 (3.26%) Project Planning
12 20 (3.26%) Service Management
13 19 (3.09%) Asset Management
13 19 (3.09%) Microservices
13 19 (3.09%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 66 (10.75%) SQL
2 53 (8.63%) Java
3 52 (8.47%) JavaScript
4 43 (7.00%) Python
5 37 (6.03%) C#
6 17 (2.77%) C
7 13 (2.12%) PHP
8 10 (1.63%) C++
8 10 (1.63%) PowerShell
9 8 (1.30%) Ruby
10 7 (1.14%) VBA
11 6 (0.98%) Java 8
11 6 (0.98%) R
12 5 (0.81%) T-SQL
13 4 (0.65%) Bash Shell
13 4 (0.65%) Groovy
14 3 (0.49%) Perl
14 3 (0.49%) Scala
14 3 (0.49%) TypeScript
14 3 (0.49%) VB
Qualifications
1 69 (11.24%) Degree
2 52 (8.47%) Security Cleared
3 41 (6.68%) SC Cleared
4 15 (2.44%) ITIL Certification
5 12 (1.95%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (1.63%) Cisco Certification
7 9 (1.47%) DV Cleared
8 8 (1.30%) ISTQB
8 8 (1.30%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 7 (1.14%) CCNA
9 7 (1.14%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 6 (0.98%) ISEB
11 4 (0.65%) CCNP
11 4 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.65%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 3 (0.49%) A+ Certification
12 3 (0.49%) APMP
12 3 (0.49%) CISSP
12 3 (0.49%) HND
12 3 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (7.98%) PMO
2 30 (4.89%) QA
3 22 (3.58%) SLA
4 5 (0.81%) GDPR
5 4 (0.65%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.49%) ISO 26262
7 2 (0.33%) WCAG
8 1 (0.16%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 51 (8.31%) Active Directory
2 11 (1.79%) VMware Infrastructure
3 10 (1.63%) Docker
4 2 (0.33%) BitLocker
4 2 (0.33%) Hyper-V
4 2 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.33%) XenApp
5 1 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.16%) vSphere
5 1 (0.16%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 10 (1.63%) AirWatch
1 10 (1.63%) SCCM
2 8 (1.30%) Kubernetes
2 8 (1.30%) Puppet
3 3 (0.49%) Ansible
3 3 (0.49%) Nagios
3 3 (0.49%) Opscode Chef
3 3 (0.49%) Prometheus
4 2 (0.33%) Backup Exec
4 2 (0.33%) CASB
4 2 (0.33%) Forefront Identity Manager
4 2 (0.33%) Grafana
4 2 (0.33%) HP Quality Center
4 2 (0.33%) Packer
4 2 (0.33%) Rancher
4 2 (0.33%) Terraform
5 1 (0.16%) Hadoop YARN
5 1 (0.16%) NetBackup
5 1 (0.16%) Oozie
5 1 (0.16%) SCOM
Vendors
1 107 (17.43%) Microsoft
2 22 (3.58%) Cisco
3 18 (2.93%) Oracle
4 16 (2.61%) VMware
5 14 (2.28%) Google
5 14 (2.28%) SAP
6 13 (2.12%) Adobe
7 10 (1.63%) Apple
7 10 (1.63%) Ivanti
8 9 (1.47%) Citrix
9 6 (0.98%) Dell
9 6 (0.98%) ServiceNow
9 6 (0.98%) Splunk
10 5 (0.81%) HP
10 5 (0.81%) Micro Focus
10 5 (0.81%) Polycom
10 5 (0.81%) Tableau
11 4 (0.65%) Aruba
11 4 (0.65%) IBM
11 4 (0.65%) Sony