Period
to 20 September 2018

The median contractor rate for a Junior was £250 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 20 September 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Junior
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 401 357 381
Rank change year-on-year -44 +24 -30
Contract jobs requiring a Junior 613 653 687
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.60% 0.66% 0.64%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.63% 0.70% 0.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 354 383 443
UK median daily rate £250 £250 £225
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% -
10th Percentile £106 £108 £106
90th Percentile £375 £388 £350
UK excluding London median daily rate £250 £225 £220
% change year-on-year +11.11% +2.27% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 58 46 55
UK median hourly rate £14.00 £15.29 £15.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.41% +1.90% -3.23%
10th Percentile £8.60 £9.63 £9.21
90th Percentile £30.85 £34.38 £26.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £13.00 £15.04 £15.00
% change year-on-year -13.54% +0.23% +20.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 97,576 93,827 102,324
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.78% 94.94% 94.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 64,061 61,282 66,875
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £269 £263 £255
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +3.75% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,176 2,822 3,179
UK median hourly rate £17.87 £18.70 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.47% -1.58% +5.56%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.25
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.75 £46.70
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £18.50
% change year-on-year -2.78% -2.70% +5.71%

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Junior.

Contractor daily rate trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 20 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Junior.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Junior in the UK

Junior
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Junior over the 6 months to 20 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Junior in the UK

Junior
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -39 573 £250 - 685
UK excluding London +14 370 £250 +11.11% 529
London -95 230 £245 -10.91% 196
South East -1 132 £219 +1.74% 130
North of England +4 96 £263 +31.25% 126
South West +34 53 £275 +29.41% 70
Yorkshire -3 41 £225 +19.21% 38
North West -20 41 £268 +33.75% 75
Midlands -23 40 £225 -25.00% 112
Scotland -20 23 £288 +9.52% 23
East of England -11 21 £175 -22.22% 51
West Midlands -36 21 £303 -3.81% 55
East Midlands +8 19 £125 -57.16% 57
North East +2 14 £270 +8.00% 13
Northern Ireland +40 5 £318 -9.29%
Wales -26 1 £165 -21.43% 17

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 20 September 2018, Junior contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Junior in the job title.

1 145 (23.65%) Finance
2 107 (17.46%) Microsoft
3 104 (16.97%) Project Management
4 100 (16.31%) Windows
5 88 (14.36%) Agile Software Development
6 79 (12.89%) Degree
7 69 (11.26%) Java
7 69 (11.26%) Microsoft Office
8 62 (10.11%) SQL
9 59 (9.62%) Security Cleared
10 58 (9.46%) Analytical Skills
11 57 (9.30%) JavaScript
11 57 (9.30%) Microsoft Excel
12 51 (8.32%) Python
12 51 (8.32%) HTML
13 50 (8.16%) Active Directory
13 50 (8.16%) Migration
13 50 (8.16%) Problem-Solving
14 49 (7.99%) PRINCE2
15 48 (7.83%) SC Cleared
16 47 (7.67%) PMO
17 45 (7.34%) C#
17 45 (7.34%) CSS
18 40 (6.53%) Banking
19 38 (6.20%) Stakeholder Management
20 36 (5.87%) ITIL
20 36 (5.87%) Windows 10
21 35 (5.71%) Microsoft Project
21 35 (5.71%) .NET
22 33 (5.38%) Computer Science

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (4.73%) SharePoint
2 17 (2.77%) CMS
3 13 (2.12%) MS Exchange
4 11 (1.79%) WordPress
5 10 (1.63%) Confluence
6 7 (1.14%) Elasticsearch
6 7 (1.14%) IIS
7 6 (0.98%) Skype for Business
8 5 (0.82%) Apache Spark
8 5 (0.82%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.65%) BizTalk Server
9 4 (0.65%) Drupal
9 4 (0.65%) SAS
9 4 (0.65%) Umbraco
9 4 (0.65%) WebSphere
10 2 (0.33%) Apache
10 2 (0.33%) Exchange Server 2010
11 1 (0.16%) Exchange Server 2007
11 1 (0.16%) JBoss
11 1 (0.16%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 69 (11.26%) Microsoft Office
2 57 (9.30%) Microsoft Excel
3 35 (5.71%) Microsoft Project
4 26 (4.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 16 (2.61%) Photoshop
6 10 (1.63%) Adobe Illustrator
7 7 (1.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 7 (1.14%) MS Visio
7 7 (1.14%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.82%) InDesign
9 2 (0.33%) Fireworks
10 1 (0.16%) Adobe After Effects
Business Applications
1 3 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.33%) Oracle ERP
2 2 (0.33%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.16%) Magento
3 1 (0.16%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 1 (0.16%) SAP CO
3 1 (0.16%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.16%) SAP FI
3 1 (0.16%) SAP FI/CO
3 1 (0.16%) SAP R/3
3 1 (0.16%) SAP SD
3 1 (0.16%) Unit4 Business World
3 1 (0.16%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 25 (4.08%) Amazon AWS
2 23 (3.75%) Microsoft Azure
3 17 (2.77%) Office 365
4 6 (0.98%) Datadog
4 6 (0.98%) Google Analytics
5 5 (0.82%) Cloud Computing
5 5 (0.82%) OpenShift
6 4 (0.65%) Amazon S3
7 3 (0.49%) Adobe Creative Cloud
7 3 (0.49%) Amazon EC2
7 3 (0.49%) Azure Functions
7 3 (0.49%) Serverless
8 2 (0.33%) Adobe Analytics
8 2 (0.33%) Amazon ELB
8 2 (0.33%) G Suite
8 2 (0.33%) Google Cloud Platform
8 2 (0.33%) IaaS
8 2 (0.33%) Route 53
8 2 (0.33%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 1 (0.16%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 17 (2.77%) LAN
2 13 (2.12%) Firewall
3 9 (1.47%) DHCP
3 9 (1.47%) Wireless
4 8 (1.31%) DNS
4 8 (1.31%) Internet
5 7 (1.14%) HTTP
5 7 (1.14%) VLAN
6 6 (0.98%) Skype
6 6 (0.98%) TCP/IP
6 6 (0.98%) WAN
7 5 (0.82%) SAN
8 4 (0.65%) Cisco IOS
8 4 (0.65%) Ethernet
8 4 (0.65%) Intranet
8 4 (0.65%) Telepresence
9 3 (0.49%) FlexRay
9 3 (0.49%) Network Security
9 3 (0.49%) SMS
10 2 (0.33%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 25 (4.08%) SQL Server
2 18 (2.94%) MySQL
3 10 (1.63%) Big Data
4 9 (1.47%) NoSQL
5 8 (1.31%) Apache Cassandra
5 8 (1.31%) Hadoop
6 7 (1.14%) Relational Database
7 5 (0.82%) MS Access
7 5 (0.82%) PostgreSQL
7 5 (0.82%) Power BI
7 5 (0.82%) QlikView
8 4 (0.65%) BusinessObjects
8 4 (0.65%) DB2
8 4 (0.65%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 3 (0.49%) MongoDB
9 3 (0.49%) Oracle Database
10 2 (0.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 2 (0.33%) Qlik Sense
10 2 (0.33%) Redis
10 2 (0.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 28 (4.57%) JIRA
2 21 (3.43%) Git (software)
3 14 (2.28%) Jenkins
4 11 (1.79%) Selenium
5 9 (1.47%) Eclipse
5 9 (1.47%) Visual Studio
6 6 (0.98%) Cucumber
6 6 (0.98%) GitLab
7 5 (0.82%) Karma Test Runner
7 5 (0.82%) SonarQube
8 4 (0.65%) Grunt
8 4 (0.65%) Jasmine
9 3 (0.49%) Axure RP
9 3 (0.49%) Calabash
9 3 (0.49%) IntelliJ
9 3 (0.49%) Rational Team Concert
9 3 (0.49%) Subversion
9 3 (0.49%) Visual Studio Team System
10 2 (0.33%) Dreamweaver
10 2 (0.33%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 145 (23.65%) Finance
2 40 (6.53%) Banking
3 30 (4.89%) Marketing
4 27 (4.40%) Telecoms
5 20 (3.26%) Retail
6 13 (2.12%) Legal
7 11 (1.79%) Advertising
8 10 (1.63%) Financial Institution
9 9 (1.47%) Investment Banking
10 8 (1.31%) Law
11 7 (1.14%) Billing
11 7 (1.14%) Electronics
11 7 (1.14%) Manufacturing
12 6 (0.98%) Games
12 6 (0.98%) Retail Banking
13 4 (0.65%) Front Office
13 4 (0.65%) Publishing
14 3 (0.49%) Multimedia
15 2 (0.33%) Military
15 2 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (8.32%) HTML
2 45 (7.34%) CSS
3 35 (5.71%) .NET
4 28 (4.57%) HTML5
5 22 (3.59%) AngularJS
6 19 (3.10%) ASP.NET
7 18 (2.94%) CSS3
8 17 (2.77%) jQuery
9 12 (1.96%) REST
9 12 (1.96%) Spring
10 11 (1.79%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 10 (1.63%) Laravel
12 9 (1.47%) Web Services
12 9 (1.47%) XML
13 8 (1.31%) Elastic Stack
13 8 (1.31%) Node.js
14 7 (1.14%) ASP.NET MVC
14 7 (1.14%) SOAP
14 7 (1.14%) WPF
15 6 (0.98%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 58 (9.46%) Analytical Skills
2 33 (5.38%) Computer Science
3 20 (3.26%) Self-Motivation
3 20 (3.26%) User Experience
4 17 (2.77%) Algorithms
4 17 (2.77%) Virtual Team
5 15 (2.45%) Data Structures
6 14 (2.28%) Management Information System
7 12 (1.96%) Mobile App
8 11 (1.79%) Data Centre
9 9 (1.47%) Social Media
10 7 (1.14%) Fintech
10 7 (1.14%) FMCG
10 7 (1.14%) Mainframe
10 7 (1.14%) Video Conferencing
11 6 (0.98%) Greenfield Project
12 4 (0.65%) Fixed Income
12 4 (0.65%) Life Science
12 4 (0.65%) NHS
12 4 (0.65%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 100 (16.31%) Windows
2 36 (5.87%) Windows 10
3 32 (5.22%) Linux
4 26 (4.24%) Windows 7
5 17 (2.77%) Unix
6 14 (2.28%) Apple iOS
7 13 (2.12%) Windows Server
8 11 (1.79%) Android
9 4 (0.65%) Solaris
9 4 (0.65%) zOS
10 2 (0.33%) CentOS
10 2 (0.33%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.33%) Windows Mobile
10 2 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.33%) Windows XP
11 1 (0.16%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.16%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.16%) VMS
11 1 (0.16%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 104 (16.97%) Project Management
2 88 (14.36%) Agile Software Development
3 50 (8.16%) Migration
3 50 (8.16%) Problem-Solving
4 49 (7.99%) PRINCE2
5 38 (6.20%) Stakeholder Management
6 36 (5.87%) ITIL
7 29 (4.73%) Scrum
8 26 (4.24%) Analytics
9 25 (4.08%) Test Automation
10 23 (3.75%) Project Planning
11 22 (3.59%) Web Development
12 21 (3.43%) Front End Development
12 21 (3.43%) Service Management
13 20 (3.26%) Data Analysis
13 20 (3.26%) MVC
14 19 (3.10%) Business Analysis
14 19 (3.10%) Change Management
14 19 (3.10%) SDLC
14 19 (3.10%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 69 (11.26%) Java
2 62 (10.11%) SQL
3 57 (9.30%) JavaScript
4 51 (8.32%) Python
5 45 (7.34%) C#
6 25 (4.08%) C++
7 20 (3.26%) C
8 16 (2.61%) PHP
9 11 (1.79%) PowerShell
9 11 (1.79%) Ruby
10 9 (1.47%) VBA
11 8 (1.31%) Java 8
11 8 (1.31%) Perl
12 7 (1.14%) Bash Shell
12 7 (1.14%) R
13 6 (0.98%) Scala
13 6 (0.98%) VC++
14 4 (0.65%) APL
14 4 (0.65%) Groovy
15 3 (0.49%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 79 (12.89%) Degree
2 59 (9.62%) Security Cleared
3 48 (7.83%) SC Cleared
4 22 (3.59%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (1.63%) ITIL Certification
6 9 (1.47%) PRINCE2 Certification
7 8 (1.31%) DV Cleared
8 7 (1.14%) Cisco Certification
9 6 (0.98%) ISTQB
10 5 (0.82%) A+ Certification
10 5 (0.82%) ISEB
10 5 (0.82%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 4 (0.65%) CCNA
11 4 (0.65%) CISSP
12 3 (0.49%) APMP
12 3 (0.49%) HND
12 3 (0.49%) MCSE
12 3 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
12 3 (0.49%) Numerate Degree
12 3 (0.49%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (7.67%) PMO
2 29 (4.73%) QA
3 27 (4.40%) SLA
4 12 (1.96%) GDPR
5 5 (0.82%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.49%) ISO 26262
7 2 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.33%) WCAG
8 1 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.16%) EMIR
8 1 (0.16%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.16%) ISAE 3402
8 1 (0.16%) MiFID
8 1 (0.16%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.16%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 50 (8.16%) Active Directory
2 10 (1.63%) Docker
3 7 (1.14%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.49%) XenApp
5 2 (0.33%) BitLocker
6 1 (0.16%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.16%) RACF
6 1 (0.16%) vSphere
6 1 (0.16%) XenDesktop
6 1 (0.16%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 11 (1.79%) Puppet
2 10 (1.63%) AirWatch
3 9 (1.47%) Ansible
4 8 (1.31%) Kubernetes
4 8 (1.31%) SCCM
5 6 (0.98%) Nagios
6 3 (0.49%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (0.49%) Prometheus
7 2 (0.33%) Backup Exec
7 2 (0.33%) CASB
7 2 (0.33%) Forefront Identity Manager
7 2 (0.33%) Grafana
7 2 (0.33%) Packer
7 2 (0.33%) Rancher
7 2 (0.33%) Terraform
8 1 (0.16%) Hadoop YARN
8 1 (0.16%) Nessus
8 1 (0.16%) NetBackup
8 1 (0.16%) Nmap
8 1 (0.16%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 107 (17.46%) Microsoft
2 26 (4.24%) Oracle
3 23 (3.75%) Cisco
4 19 (3.10%) Adobe
5 17 (2.77%) Google
6 13 (2.12%) SAP
6 13 (2.12%) VMware
7 10 (1.63%) Citrix
7 10 (1.63%) Ivanti
8 9 (1.47%) Apple
8 9 (1.47%) Splunk
9 6 (0.98%) New Relic
9 6 (0.98%) Tableau
9 6 (0.98%) Twitter
10 5 (0.82%) Facebook
10 5 (0.82%) IBM
10 5 (0.82%) Micro Focus
11 4 (0.65%) JD Edwards
11 4 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
11 4 (0.65%) Sony