Period
to 9 December 2018

The median annual salary for a Junior was £30,000 in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 9 December 2018.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK > England
6 months to
9 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 129 121 125
Rank change year-on-year -8 +4 -7
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 3,860 4,541 4,644
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.61% 2.72% 2.64%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.72% 2.83% 2.73%
Number of salaries quoted 3,463 4,039 4,272
England median annual salary £30,000 £30,000 £28,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.64%
10th Percentile £21,250 £20,500 £20,500
90th Percentile £51,150 £45,000 £45,000
UK median annual salary £30,000 £30,000 £28,000
% change year-on-year - +7.14% +1.82%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
England
Permanent vacancies in England with a recognized job title 141,747 160,394 170,181
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.94% 95.96% 96.60%
Number of salaries quoted 115,008 129,961 143,303
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +1.06%
10th Percentile £28,000 £27,500 £27,399
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in England

Junior
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Junior in England.

Salary trend for Junior in England

Junior
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Junior in England over the 6 months to 9 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Junior in England

Junior
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the England region over the 6 months to 9 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +17 1,534 £35,000 - 219
South East -20 822 £28,500 -1.72% 155
North of England +18 531 £25,000 - 154
Midlands -41 343 £25,000 - 129
South West -6 332 £27,500 +3.77% 80
North West +13 300 £25,000 - 83
East of England 0 293 £27,500 -8.33% 82
Yorkshire +24 215 £26,750 +7.00% 60
West Midlands -46 206 £25,000 - 69
East Midlands +6 137 £25,000 - 60
North East -14 16 £26,750 -1.83% 11
Junior
UK

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 9 December 2018, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region featuring Junior in the job title.

1 1,319 (34.17%) C#
2 1,085 (28.11%) .NET
3 1,064 (27.56%) JavaScript
4 1,042 (26.99%) SQL
5 951 (24.64%) Agile Software Development
6 899 (23.29%) Degree
7 828 (21.45%) HTML
8 805 (20.85%) Java
9 776 (20.10%) SQL Server
10 742 (19.22%) CSS
11 627 (16.24%) Computer Science
12 602 (15.60%) Microsoft
13 591 (15.31%) Finance
14 574 (14.87%) MVC
15 563 (14.59%) ASP.NET
16 471 (12.20%) Python
17 458 (11.87%) Software Engineering
18 376 (9.74%) Problem-Solving
19 365 (9.46%) Linux
20 358 (9.27%) Git (software)
21 354 (9.17%) Windows
22 348 (9.02%) PHP
23 345 (8.94%) OO
24 340 (8.81%) AngularJS
25 319 (8.26%) TDD
26 312 (8.08%) jQuery
27 297 (7.69%) Web Development
28 289 (7.49%) ASP.NET MVC
29 268 (6.94%) Mathematics
30 262 (6.79%) C++

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (2.90%) SharePoint
2 68 (1.76%) CMS
3 60 (1.55%) WordPress
4 51 (1.32%) Elasticsearch
5 45 (1.17%) IIS
6 41 (1.06%) Apache
7 38 (0.98%) Apache Spark
8 31 (0.80%) Confluence
9 25 (0.65%) MS Exchange
10 24 (0.62%) Drupal
11 23 (0.60%) Tomcat
12 22 (0.57%) nginx
13 18 (0.47%) OpenStack
14 15 (0.39%) JBoss
15 14 (0.36%) Umbraco
16 8 (0.21%) Sitecore CMS
17 6 (0.16%) Cloud Foundry
17 6 (0.16%) Exchange Server 2010
17 6 (0.16%) Skype for Business
17 6 (0.16%) WebLogic
Applications
1 199 (5.16%) Microsoft Office
2 139 (3.60%) Microsoft Excel
3 58 (1.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 53 (1.37%) Photoshop
5 42 (1.09%) Adobe Illustrator
6 30 (0.78%) Microsoft Project
7 27 (0.70%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 21 (0.54%) MS Visio
9 10 (0.26%) InDesign
10 9 (0.23%) FrameMaker
11 7 (0.18%) Chatbot
12 6 (0.16%) Adobe After Effects
12 6 (0.16%) Adobe Premiere
13 5 (0.13%) Fireworks
13 5 (0.13%) InVision
13 5 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
14 3 (0.078%) AutoCAD
15 2 (0.052%) InfoPath
15 2 (0.052%) SPSS
16 1 (0.026%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 38 (0.98%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.57%) Dynamics AX
3 16 (0.41%) Dynamics NAV
4 12 (0.31%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 11 (0.28%) Magento
6 8 (0.21%) NetSuite
6 8 (0.21%) Oracle CRM
7 7 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
8 4 (0.10%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 4 (0.10%) Eloqua
8 4 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
8 4 (0.10%) Shopify
9 3 (0.078%) Adobe Campaign
9 3 (0.078%) SAP CO
9 3 (0.078%) SAP FI
9 3 (0.078%) SAP FI/CO
9 3 (0.078%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 3 (0.078%) SAP S/4HANA
10 2 (0.052%) LongView
10 2 (0.052%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 208 (5.39%) Amazon AWS
2 198 (5.13%) Microsoft Azure
3 133 (3.45%) SaaS
4 91 (2.36%) Office 365
5 43 (1.11%) GitHub
6 28 (0.73%) Google Cloud Platform
7 25 (0.65%) Cloud Computing
7 25 (0.65%) Serverless
8 18 (0.47%) AWS CloudFormation
9 17 (0.44%) Amazon EC2
10 16 (0.41%) Amazon S3
10 16 (0.41%) Dynamics 365
11 14 (0.36%) AWS Lambda
12 13 (0.34%) Google Analytics
13 12 (0.31%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 11 (0.28%) Adobe Creative Cloud
15 10 (0.26%) npm
15 10 (0.26%) OpenShift
15 10 (0.26%) PaaS
16 9 (0.23%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 73 (1.89%) Firewall
2 72 (1.87%) Internet
3 57 (1.48%) TCP/IP
4 39 (1.01%) WAN
5 38 (0.98%) LAN
6 32 (0.83%) DNS
7 24 (0.62%) MPLS
8 22 (0.57%) VPN
9 21 (0.54%) Network Security
10 20 (0.52%) BGP
10 20 (0.52%) DHCP
11 18 (0.47%) HTTP
12 16 (0.41%) VLAN
12 16 (0.41%) VoIP
12 16 (0.41%) Wireless
13 14 (0.36%) FTP
13 14 (0.36%) Intranet
14 12 (0.31%) Ethernet
14 12 (0.31%) SSH
15 11 (0.28%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 776 (20.10%) SQL Server
2 233 (6.04%) MySQL
3 149 (3.86%) Relational Database
4 118 (3.06%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 111 (2.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 107 (2.77%) Big Data
7 103 (2.67%) NoSQL
8 94 (2.44%) SQL Server 2016
9 83 (2.15%) Data Warehouse
10 54 (1.40%) MongoDB
10 54 (1.40%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 44 (1.14%) PostgreSQL
12 43 (1.11%) Power BI
13 39 (1.01%) Hadoop
13 39 (1.01%) RDBMS
14 29 (0.75%) Oracle Database
14 29 (0.75%) SQL Server 2008
15 26 (0.67%) Redis
16 21 (0.54%) SQL Server 2012
17 19 (0.49%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 358 (9.27%) Git (software)
2 138 (3.58%) Visual Studio
3 137 (3.55%) JIRA
4 93 (2.41%) Jenkins
5 74 (1.92%) Subversion
6 69 (1.79%) Selenium
7 47 (1.22%) Team Foundation Server
8 45 (1.17%) webpack
9 40 (1.04%) Maven
10 38 (0.98%) TeamCity
11 31 (0.80%) Eclipse
12 24 (0.62%) NUnit
13 21 (0.54%) JUnit
14 20 (0.52%) Bitbucket
14 20 (0.52%) Gradle
14 20 (0.52%) Grunt
15 19 (0.49%) Cucumber
16 18 (0.47%) Android Studio
17 17 (0.44%) WebDriver
18 16 (0.41%) gulp
General
1 591 (15.31%) Finance
2 188 (4.87%) Retail
3 170 (4.40%) Banking
4 166 (4.30%) Marketing
5 145 (3.76%) Games
6 80 (2.07%) Advertising
7 78 (2.02%) Telecoms
8 56 (1.45%) Legal
9 44 (1.14%) Electronics
10 41 (1.06%) Automotive
11 40 (1.04%) Law
12 39 (1.01%) Front Office
13 32 (0.83%) Manufacturing
14 24 (0.62%) Investment Banking
15 22 (0.57%) Publishing
16 20 (0.52%) Financial Institution
17 18 (0.47%) Aerospace
18 12 (0.31%) Billing
19 10 (0.26%) Back Office
20 9 (0.23%) Retail Finance
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,085 (28.11%) .NET
2 828 (21.45%) HTML
3 742 (19.22%) CSS
4 563 (14.59%) ASP.NET
5 340 (8.81%) AngularJS
6 312 (8.08%) jQuery
7 289 (7.49%) ASP.NET MVC
8 209 (5.41%) React
9 202 (5.23%) .NET Framework
10 199 (5.16%) HTML5
11 176 (4.56%) Node.js
12 173 (4.48%) Web Services
13 159 (4.12%) XML
14 144 (3.73%) ASP.NET Web API
14 144 (3.73%) WCF
15 137 (3.55%) REST
16 117 (3.03%) Spring
17 111 (2.88%) RESTful
18 108 (2.80%) CSS3
19 104 (2.69%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 257 (6.66%) Analytical Skills
2 229 (5.93%) User Experience
3 151 (3.91%) Greenfield Project
4 139 (3.60%) Self-Motivation
5 120 (3.11%) Mobile App
6 111 (2.88%) Fintech
7 75 (1.94%) Hedge funds
8 71 (1.84%) Algorithms
9 68 (1.76%) Data Structures
10 50 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
11 44 (1.14%) Derivative
12 33 (0.85%) Graphic Design
13 32 (0.83%) Management Information System
14 31 (0.80%) Social Media
15 26 (0.67%) Data Protection Act
16 24 (0.62%) Robotics
17 22 (0.57%) Linux Command Line
18 20 (0.52%) Data Centre
19 19 (0.49%) Driving Licence
20 14 (0.36%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 365 (9.46%) Linux
2 354 (9.17%) Windows
3 109 (2.82%) Windows Server
4 92 (2.38%) Android
5 73 (1.89%) Apple iOS
6 69 (1.79%) Windows 10
7 56 (1.45%) Unix
7 56 (1.45%) Windows 7
8 39 (1.01%) Windows Server 2012
9 37 (0.96%) CentOS
10 26 (0.67%) Windows Server 2008
11 18 (0.47%) AIX
11 18 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 15 (0.39%) Ubuntu
13 13 (0.34%) Windows 8
14 11 (0.28%) Mac OS X
15 9 (0.23%) Windows Server 2003
16 8 (0.21%) Solaris
17 7 (0.18%) Debian
17 7 (0.18%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 951 (24.64%) Agile Software Development
2 627 (16.24%) Computer Science
3 574 (14.87%) MVC
4 458 (11.87%) Software Engineering
5 376 (9.74%) Problem-Solving
6 345 (8.94%) OO
7 319 (8.26%) TDD
8 297 (7.69%) Web Development
9 268 (6.94%) Mathematics
10 259 (6.71%) Scrum
11 240 (6.22%) Test Automation
12 213 (5.52%) DevOps
13 190 (4.92%) Project Management
14 178 (4.61%) Business Intelligence
15 172 (4.46%) BDD
16 171 (4.43%) SDLC
17 169 (4.38%) Front End Development
18 149 (3.86%) OOP
19 131 (3.39%) Unit Testing
20 127 (3.29%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1,319 (34.17%) C#
2 1,064 (27.56%) JavaScript
3 1,042 (26.99%) SQL
4 805 (20.85%) Java
5 471 (12.20%) Python
6 348 (9.02%) PHP
7 262 (6.79%) C++
8 173 (4.48%) T-SQL
9 135 (3.50%) Ruby
10 108 (2.80%) C
11 88 (2.28%) Bash Shell
12 74 (1.92%) VB.NET
13 72 (1.87%) R
14 69 (1.79%) TypeScript
15 67 (1.74%) PowerShell
16 53 (1.37%) ES6
17 39 (1.01%) Perl
18 38 (0.98%) VBA
19 33 (0.85%) Go
19 33 (0.85%) Scala
Qualifications
1 899 (23.29%) Degree
2 237 (6.14%) Computer Science Degree
3 74 (1.92%) Security Cleared
4 48 (1.24%) ISTQB
5 36 (0.93%) SC Cleared
6 30 (0.78%) CCNA
6 30 (0.78%) Cisco Certification
7 28 (0.73%) Microsoft Certification
7 28 (0.73%) Numerate Degree
8 21 (0.54%) ISEB
9 19 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 18 (0.47%) MCSE
11 13 (0.34%) Master's Degree
11 13 (0.34%) PhD
12 12 (0.31%) OSCP
13 11 (0.28%) PMI Certification
14 10 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
14 10 (0.26%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 9 (0.23%) HND
15 9 (0.23%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 177 (4.59%) QA
2 48 (1.24%) SLA
3 40 (1.04%) PMO
4 28 (0.73%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 24 (0.62%) GDPR
6 10 (0.26%) Data Quality
7 7 (0.18%) PCI DSS
8 6 (0.16%) COBIT
9 5 (0.13%) 21 CFR Part 11
9 5 (0.13%) GxP
10 3 (0.078%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.052%) Cyber Essentials
11 2 (0.052%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 1 (0.026%) ISO 20022
12 1 (0.026%) ISO 22301
12 1 (0.026%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.026%) SEPA
12 1 (0.026%) WAI
System Software
1 150 (3.89%) Docker
2 133 (3.45%) Active Directory
3 48 (1.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (0.60%) Hyper-V
5 19 (0.49%) VMware ESXi
6 15 (0.39%) Firmware
6 15 (0.39%) VMware Workstation
7 9 (0.23%) vSphere
8 7 (0.18%) Terminal Services
8 7 (0.18%) Varnish
8 7 (0.18%) XenApp
9 6 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
9 6 (0.16%) Xen
10 5 (0.13%) VirtualBox
11 4 (0.10%) HDFS
11 4 (0.10%) iptables
11 4 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
12 3 (0.078%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 3 (0.078%) KVM
12 3 (0.078%) Snort
Systems Management
1 84 (2.18%) Ansible
2 71 (1.84%) Kubernetes
3 57 (1.48%) Puppet
4 48 (1.24%) Terraform
5 45 (1.17%) Opscode Chef
6 28 (0.73%) SCCM
7 14 (0.36%) Nagios
8 12 (0.31%) Norton AntiVirus
9 11 (0.28%) Kibana
9 11 (0.28%) Salt
9 11 (0.28%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
10 8 (0.21%) Graphite
10 8 (0.21%) vCenter Server
11 7 (0.18%) Nexpose
12 6 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
12 6 (0.16%) vRealize
13 5 (0.13%) EMC NetWorker
13 5 (0.13%) Oracle RMAN
14 4 (0.10%) Nessus
14 4 (0.10%) Nmap
Vendors
1 602 (15.60%) Microsoft
2 166 (4.30%) Oracle
3 79 (2.05%) Google
4 73 (1.89%) VMware
5 68 (1.76%) Cisco
6 63 (1.63%) Adobe
7 56 (1.45%) SAP
8 53 (1.37%) Red Hat
9 48 (1.24%) Salesforce.com
10 46 (1.19%) Tableau
11 25 (0.65%) Atlassian
12 22 (0.57%) HP
13 19 (0.49%) IBM
13 19 (0.49%) Xamarin
14 15 (0.39%) Apple
14 15 (0.39%) Citrix
15 14 (0.36%) NetApp
15 14 (0.36%) Symantec
16 11 (0.28%) Juniper
17 10 (0.26%) TOWER Software