Period
to 9 May 2021

The median annual salary for a Junior was £32,500 in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 9 May 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Junior
UK > England
6 months to
9 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 190 137 129
Rank change year-on-year -53 -8 +6
Permanent jobs requiring a Junior 1,393 2,314 3,664
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.78% 2.51% 2.72%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.92% 2.63% 2.83%
Number of salaries quoted 1,233 2,046 3,245
10th Percentile £22,000 £21,250 £21,250
25th Percentile £26,250 £25,000 £25,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
Median % change year-on-year - +8.33% -
75th Percentile £42,500 £43,750 £41,250
90th Percentile £50,000 £53,931 £52,500
UK median annual salary £32,500 £31,500 £30,000
% change year-on-year +3.17% +5.00% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
England
Permanent vacancies in England with a recognized job title 72,582 87,912 129,472
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.65% 95.24% 96.04%
Number of salaries quoted 56,980 71,944 104,840
10th Percentile £32,000 £30,000 £28,500
25th Percentile £41,250 £39,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,397
Median % change year-on-year - +4.97% +4.79%
75th Percentile £73,750 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Junior
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Junior in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Junior in England

Junior
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Junior in England.

Salary trend for Junior in England

Junior
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Junior in England over the 6 months to 9 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Junior in England

Junior
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Junior within the England region over the 6 months to 9 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -63 521 £40,000 - 63
South East -39 286 £32,500 +8.33% 83
Midlands -25 183 £25,349 -0.59% 43
North of England -60 180 £27,500 - 58
South West -50 131 £30,000 +9.09% 37
East Midlands +15 95 £26,500 +6.00% 24
West Midlands -45 87 £25,000 -1.96% 18
North West -26 85 £28,750 +4.55% 31
Yorkshire -54 78 £25,000 -10.71% 18
East of England -13 63 £32,500 +8.33% 39
North East +9 17 £25,000 +5.26% 9
Junior
UK

Junior Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 9 May 2021, Junior job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region featuring Junior in the job title.

1 405 (29.07%) JavaScript
2 370 (26.56%) SQL
3 356 (25.56%) Social Skills
4 355 (25.48%) C#
5 297 (21.32%) Degree
6 273 (19.60%) Agile Software Development
7 272 (19.53%) HTML
8 263 (18.88%) .NET
9 258 (18.52%) CSS
10 237 (17.01%) Finance
11 216 (15.51%) Python
12 214 (15.36%) Azure
13 213 (15.29%) Java
14 211 (15.15%) Computer Science
15 187 (13.42%) DevOps
16 175 (12.56%) AWS
17 167 (11.99%) Linux
18 161 (11.56%) PHP
19 152 (10.91%) Problem-Solving
20 144 (10.34%) Software Engineering
20 144 (10.34%) Git (software)
21 140 (10.05%) MySQL
22 133 (9.55%) Microsoft
23 131 (9.40%) SQL Server
24 128 (9.19%) Docker
25 127 (9.12%) MVC
26 123 (8.83%) Web Development
27 114 (8.18%) AngularJS
27 114 (8.18%) Fintech
28 109 (7.82%) React

Junior Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (2.66%) CMS
2 32 (2.30%) WordPress
3 23 (1.65%) Apache
4 19 (1.36%) Umbraco
5 17 (1.22%) Elasticsearch
6 16 (1.15%) IIS
7 14 (1.01%) Apache Spark
7 14 (1.01%) SharePoint
8 11 (0.79%) Tomcat
9 8 (0.57%) Confluence
10 6 (0.43%) Kentico
10 6 (0.43%) Sitecore CMS
11 5 (0.36%) Apache Airflow
11 5 (0.36%) SAS
12 4 (0.29%) JBoss
12 4 (0.29%) Mule
13 3 (0.22%) Joomla!
13 3 (0.22%) MS Exchange
13 3 (0.22%) Traefik
13 3 (0.22%) WebSphere
Applications
1 51 (3.66%) Microsoft Excel
2 32 (2.30%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (1.29%) Adobe Illustrator
4 14 (1.01%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.79%) MS Visio
6 10 (0.72%) Sketch
7 8 (0.57%) Photoshop
8 6 (0.43%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 6 (0.43%) InVision
9 5 (0.36%) Figma
10 3 (0.22%) AutoCAD
10 3 (0.22%) InDesign
10 3 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
10 3 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
11 2 (0.14%) SOLIDWORKS
12 1 (0.072%) Acrobat
12 1 (0.072%) Adobe XD
12 1 (0.072%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 11 (0.79%) Magento
1 11 (0.79%) NetSuite
2 9 (0.65%) Shopify
3 6 (0.43%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 5 (0.36%) Dynamics AX
5 4 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
6 3 (0.22%) Infor M3
6 3 (0.22%) nopCommerce
7 1 (0.072%) Epicor Tropos
7 1 (0.072%) Sage X3
7 1 (0.072%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.072%) Sentinel
7 1 (0.072%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 214 (15.36%) Azure
2 175 (12.56%) AWS
3 67 (4.81%) SaaS
4 60 (4.31%) Power Platform
5 54 (3.88%) GCP
6 36 (2.58%) GitHub
7 32 (2.30%) Microsoft 365
8 19 (1.36%) Serverless
9 18 (1.29%) Amazon EC2
9 18 (1.29%) Amazon S3
10 15 (1.08%) Datadog
11 14 (1.01%) npm
12 12 (0.86%) Azure Data Factory
12 12 (0.86%) Cloud Computing
12 12 (0.86%) Route 53
13 11 (0.79%) Yarn
14 10 (0.72%) AWS CloudFormation
15 9 (0.65%) Azure Active Directory
16 8 (0.57%) Dynamics 365
17 7 (0.50%) Azure Synapse Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 34 (2.44%) Internet
2 26 (1.87%) DNS
3 18 (1.29%) HTTP
4 14 (1.01%) Firewall
4 14 (1.01%) TCP/IP
5 11 (0.79%) DHCP
6 7 (0.50%) Intranet
7 5 (0.36%) Wireless
8 4 (0.29%) Network Security
8 4 (0.29%) SNMP
8 4 (0.29%) SSL
8 4 (0.29%) VoIP
8 4 (0.29%) VPN
9 3 (0.22%) HTTPS
9 3 (0.22%) LAN
9 3 (0.22%) SSH
9 3 (0.22%) VLAN
10 2 (0.14%) 2G
10 2 (0.14%) LTE
10 2 (0.14%) MIMO
Database & Business Intelligence
1 140 (10.05%) MySQL
2 131 (9.40%) SQL Server
3 57 (4.09%) Power BI
4 54 (3.88%) Relational Database
5 37 (2.66%) Data Warehouse
6 31 (2.23%) PostgreSQL
7 29 (2.08%) Tableau
8 26 (1.87%) NoSQL
9 22 (1.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 20 (1.44%) MongoDB
10 20 (1.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 16 (1.15%) Big Data
12 13 (0.93%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 12 (0.86%) Redis
14 9 (0.65%) Crystal Reports
14 9 (0.65%) Hadoop
15 7 (0.50%) Amazon RDS
15 7 (0.50%) Apache Cassandra
16 6 (0.43%) Azure SQL Database
16 6 (0.43%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 144 (10.34%) Git (software)
2 51 (3.66%) JIRA
3 39 (2.80%) Jenkins
4 33 (2.37%) Visual Studio
5 20 (1.44%) Selenium
6 16 (1.15%) Postman
6 16 (1.15%) Subversion
7 14 (1.01%) GitLab
8 12 (0.86%) Cypress.io
9 11 (0.79%) Eclipse
10 10 (0.72%) IntelliJ
11 8 (0.57%) NUnit
11 8 (0.57%) SoapUI
12 7 (0.50%) Appium
12 7 (0.50%) Cucumber
12 7 (0.50%) Visual Studio Team System
13 6 (0.43%) Mercurial
13 6 (0.43%) PHPUnit
13 6 (0.43%) Visual Studio Code
14 5 (0.36%) Bitbucket
General
1 356 (25.56%) Social Skills
2 237 (17.01%) Finance
3 100 (7.18%) Analytical Skills
4 78 (5.60%) Marketing
5 55 (3.95%) Law
6 54 (3.88%) Retail
7 39 (2.80%) Public Sector
8 38 (2.73%) Games
9 36 (2.58%) Banking
10 33 (2.37%) Telecoms
11 32 (2.30%) Manufacturing
12 30 (2.15%) Electronics
13 25 (1.79%) Front Office
14 24 (1.72%) Presentation Skills
15 23 (1.65%) Organisational Skills
16 18 (1.29%) Publishing
17 16 (1.15%) Financial Institution
18 13 (0.93%) Advertising
18 13 (0.93%) Automotive
19 9 (0.65%) Legal
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 272 (19.53%) HTML
2 263 (18.88%) .NET
3 258 (18.52%) CSS
4 114 (8.18%) AngularJS
5 109 (7.82%) React
6 80 (5.74%) ASP.NET
6 80 (5.74%) REST
7 71 (5.10%) .NET Core
7 71 (5.10%) Laravel
8 70 (5.03%) Node.js
9 67 (4.81%) Vue.js
10 66 (4.74%) HTML5
11 63 (4.52%) Web Services
12 51 (3.66%) Sass
13 42 (3.02%) LAMP
13 42 (3.02%) Spring
13 42 (3.02%) XML
14 41 (2.94%) CSS3
15 40 (2.87%) Symfony
16 37 (2.66%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 64 (4.59%) Self-Motivation
2 63 (4.52%) User Experience
3 42 (3.02%) Mobile App
4 41 (2.94%) Greenfield Project
5 33 (2.37%) Algorithms
6 24 (1.72%) Data Structures
6 24 (1.72%) Hedge funds
7 20 (1.44%) NHS
8 18 (1.29%) Management Information System
9 17 (1.22%) Graphic Design
9 17 (1.22%) Linux Command Line
10 16 (1.15%) Internet of Things
11 15 (1.08%) Derivative
12 12 (0.86%) Equities
12 12 (0.86%) iPad
13 11 (0.79%) Smart Home
14 10 (0.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 10 (0.72%) Life Science
14 10 (0.72%) Renewable Energy
15 9 (0.65%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 167 (11.99%) Linux
2 96 (6.89%) Windows
3 33 (2.37%) Android
4 23 (1.65%) Apple iOS
5 22 (1.58%) Windows Server
6 21 (1.51%) Unix
7 15 (1.08%) Windows 10
8 13 (0.93%) Ubuntu
9 9 (0.65%) Windows 7
10 6 (0.43%) CentOS
11 4 (0.29%) Mac OS
12 3 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 3 (0.22%) Windows Server 2016
12 3 (0.22%) Windows Server 2019
13 2 (0.14%) Windows 8
14 1 (0.072%) SUSE
14 1 (0.072%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 273 (19.60%) Agile Software Development
2 211 (15.15%) Computer Science
3 187 (13.42%) DevOps
4 152 (10.91%) Problem-Solving
5 144 (10.34%) Software Engineering
6 127 (9.12%) MVC
7 123 (8.83%) Web Development
8 114 (8.18%) Fintech
9 109 (7.82%) Business Intelligence
10 105 (7.54%) Analytics
11 98 (7.04%) Scrum
12 86 (6.17%) TDD
13 84 (6.03%) Front End Development
13 84 (6.03%) Test Automation
14 83 (5.96%) OO
15 71 (5.10%) OOP
16 68 (4.88%) Microservices
17 62 (4.45%) Continuous Improvement
18 59 (4.24%) Mathematics
19 58 (4.16%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 405 (29.07%) JavaScript
2 370 (26.56%) SQL
3 355 (25.48%) C#
4 216 (15.51%) Python
5 213 (15.29%) Java
6 161 (11.56%) PHP
7 56 (4.02%) C++
8 49 (3.52%) Bash Shell
8 49 (3.52%) PowerShell
9 42 (3.02%) T-SQL
10 41 (2.94%) C
11 40 (2.87%) TypeScript
12 27 (1.94%) ES6
13 26 (1.87%) Java 8
14 19 (1.36%) Go
15 18 (1.29%) Shell Script
16 17 (1.22%) Ruby
17 14 (1.01%) R
18 13 (0.93%) VB.NET
18 13 (0.93%) VBA
Qualifications
1 297 (21.32%) Degree
2 100 (7.18%) Computer Science Degree
3 28 (2.01%) Security Cleared
4 20 (1.44%) SC Cleared
5 11 (0.79%) Cisco Certification
6 9 (0.65%) CCNA
6 9 (0.65%) PhD
7 6 (0.43%) AWS Certification
7 6 (0.43%) ISEB
7 6 (0.43%) ISTQB
7 6 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
8 5 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 5 (0.36%) PRINCE2 Certification
8 5 (0.36%) Six Sigma Black Belt
9 4 (0.29%) HND
9 4 (0.29%) ITIL Certification
9 4 (0.29%) PMI Certification
10 3 (0.22%) CCNP
10 3 (0.22%) MCSA
10 3 (0.22%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 73 (5.24%) QA
2 13 (0.93%) PMO
3 12 (0.86%) SLA
4 11 (0.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 9 (0.65%) Cyber Essentials
5 9 (0.65%) GDPR
6 7 (0.50%) Data Quality
7 5 (0.36%) SOC 2
8 4 (0.29%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.14%) NIST
9 2 (0.14%) NIST 800
9 2 (0.14%) WCAG
10 1 (0.072%) GAMP
10 1 (0.072%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 128 (9.19%) Docker
2 30 (2.15%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.72%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.22%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.14%) Firmware
5 2 (0.14%) Postfix
5 2 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.072%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.072%) Virtual Desktop
6 1 (0.072%) Xen
Systems Management
1 80 (5.74%) Kubernetes
2 53 (3.80%) Ansible
3 52 (3.73%) Terraform
4 17 (1.22%) Puppet
5 10 (0.72%) Opscode Chef
6 6 (0.43%) Icinga
7 5 (0.36%) Grafana
7 5 (0.36%) SCCM
8 3 (0.22%) HAProxy
8 3 (0.22%) Kibana
9 2 (0.14%) logstash
9 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Intune
9 2 (0.14%) Nagios
9 2 (0.14%) QRadar
9 2 (0.14%) Salt
9 2 (0.14%) ZABBIX
10 1 (0.072%) Backup Exec
10 1 (0.072%) EMC NetWorker
10 1 (0.072%) HP Quality Center
10 1 (0.072%) WSUS
Vendors
1 133 (9.55%) Microsoft
2 41 (2.94%) Google
3 34 (2.44%) SAP
4 30 (2.15%) Salesforce.com
5 28 (2.01%) Adobe
6 24 (1.72%) Oracle
7 14 (1.01%) VMware
8 13 (0.93%) Red Hat
8 13 (0.93%) Sage
9 12 (0.86%) AppDynamics
10 11 (0.79%) Splunk
10 11 (0.79%) Zend
11 10 (0.72%) Xamarin
12 9 (0.65%) Cisco
13 7 (0.50%) Databricks
13 7 (0.50%) WooCommerce
14 6 (0.43%) Netlify
14 6 (0.43%) Sitecore
15 5 (0.36%) JD Edwards
15 5 (0.36%) Talend