Period
to 20 April 2018

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £463 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
20 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 2 1 1
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 24,330 22,056 23,251
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 26.25% 25.68% 23.66%
As % of the Job Titles category 27.67% 27.07% 24.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,170 15,916 16,912
England median daily rate £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £285
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 139 222 307
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £40.00
10th Percentile £13.10 £23.10 £18.50
90th Percentile £69.07 £54.38 £56.40
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £40.00

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 87,940 81,475 93,547
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.88% 94.86% 95.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,325 53,284 61,126
England median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £269 £263 £255
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £420
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,717 2,755 3,080
England median hourly rate £18.70 £19.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.58% - +11.76%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.66 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.83 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £18.96 £19.50
% change year-on-year -2.43% -2.77% +14.71%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 20 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 13,925 £500 +5.26% 3,316
South East -1 3,696 £425 +6.25% 1,468
North of England -1 3,028 £388 +3.33% 1,621
Midlands -1 1,625 £385 +4.76% 1,016
North West 0 1,541 £375 - 910
Yorkshire -1 1,291 £400 +6.67% 571
South West 0 1,166 £400 +6.38% 634
West Midlands -1 980 £400 +6.67% 548
East of England -1 854 £425 +13.33% 703
East Midlands -1 631 £375 +4.17% 467
North East -2 203 £351 -5.70% 140
South Coast -1 4 - -
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 20 April 2018, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 9,748 (40.07%) Agile Software Development
2 8,414 (34.58%) JavaScript
3 7,656 (31.47%) Java
4 6,459 (26.55%) HTML
5 5,914 (24.31%) CSS
6 5,702 (23.44%) TDD
7 5,616 (23.08%) C#
8 5,575 (22.91%) SQL
9 5,211 (21.42%) .NET
10 4,453 (18.30%) AngularJS
11 4,422 (18.18%) Finance
12 3,817 (15.69%) SQL Server
13 3,551 (14.60%) Git (software)
14 3,164 (13.00%) MVC
15 3,024 (12.43%) HTML5
16 2,985 (12.27%) React
17 2,829 (11.63%) Node.js
18 2,789 (11.46%) Scrum
19 2,778 (11.42%) Spring
20 2,717 (11.17%) Web Services
21 2,621 (10.77%) BDD
22 2,608 (10.72%) Front End Development
23 2,513 (10.33%) REST
24 2,492 (10.24%) Banking
25 2,415 (9.93%) Continuous Integration
25 2,415 (9.93%) Microservices
26 2,398 (9.86%) RESTful
27 2,232 (9.17%) jQuery
28 2,159 (8.87%) OO
29 2,135 (8.78%) ASP.NET

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 624 (2.56%) CMS
2 551 (2.26%) Elasticsearch
3 549 (2.26%) Apache
4 534 (2.19%) Tomcat
5 511 (2.10%) Apache Spark
6 432 (1.78%) Confluence
7 385 (1.58%) SharePoint
8 379 (1.56%) WebSphere
9 281 (1.15%) JBoss
10 250 (1.03%) Drupal
11 249 (1.02%) WebLogic
12 234 (0.96%) WordPress
13 214 (0.88%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 174 (0.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 162 (0.67%) IIS
15 162 (0.67%) Mule
16 145 (0.60%) OpenStack
17 141 (0.58%) SAS
18 137 (0.56%) NServiceBus
19 134 (0.55%) Umbraco
Applications
1 430 (1.77%) Microsoft Excel
2 150 (0.62%) Microsoft Office
3 149 (0.61%) Photoshop
4 73 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
5 61 (0.25%) MS Visio
6 60 (0.25%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 60 (0.25%) Adobe Illustrator
7 37 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 26 (0.11%) InfoPath
9 23 (0.095%) Microsoft Project
10 21 (0.086%) GIMP
11 17 (0.070%) OmniGraffle
12 11 (0.045%) InVision
13 10 (0.041%) Chatbot
14 9 (0.037%) Adobe Captivate
14 9 (0.037%) Maya
15 8 (0.033%) SPSS
16 6 (0.025%) InDesign
16 6 (0.025%) Stata
17 4 (0.016%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 292 (1.20%) Dynamics CRM
2 220 (0.90%) Magento
3 69 (0.28%) Dynamics AX
4 67 (0.28%) ION MarketView
5 58 (0.24%) Markit EDM
6 44 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
7 36 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
8 28 (0.12%) Temenos T24
9 27 (0.11%) Cognos Business Intelligence
10 26 (0.11%) Cognos TM1
10 26 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
11 24 (0.099%) Dynamics NAV
12 23 (0.095%) Elite 3E
13 22 (0.090%) SAP S/4HANA
14 21 (0.086%) Oracle Receivables
15 20 (0.082%) Adobe Campaign
15 20 (0.082%) Endur
15 20 (0.082%) Oracle Payables
15 20 (0.082%) SAP IS-U
16 18 (0.074%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 2,063 (8.48%) Amazon AWS
2 1,693 (6.96%) Microsoft Azure
3 531 (2.18%) GitHub
4 364 (1.50%) Serverless
5 339 (1.39%) npm
6 235 (0.97%) Google Cloud Platform
7 189 (0.78%) PaaS
8 181 (0.74%) AWS Lambda
9 174 (0.72%) Amazon EC2
9 174 (0.72%) SaaS
10 172 (0.71%) Amazon S3
11 158 (0.65%) Cloud Computing
12 148 (0.61%) Dynamics 365
13 117 (0.48%) OpenShift
14 103 (0.42%) IaaS
15 92 (0.38%) Heroku
16 91 (0.37%) Office 365
17 76 (0.31%) Amazon SQS
18 60 (0.25%) Google Analytics
19 55 (0.23%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 494 (2.03%) HTTP
2 180 (0.74%) Internet
3 160 (0.66%) TCP/IP
4 133 (0.55%) SMS
5 102 (0.42%) FTP
6 98 (0.40%) SSL
7 64 (0.26%) Kerberos
8 50 (0.21%) DNS
9 49 (0.20%) Skype
10 43 (0.18%) Intranet
11 37 (0.15%) Bluetooth
12 36 (0.15%) Firewall
13 26 (0.11%) SMTP
13 26 (0.11%) Wi-Fi
14 24 (0.099%) SSH
15 17 (0.070%) HTTPS
15 17 (0.070%) Link 11
15 17 (0.070%) Link 16
16 16 (0.066%) FIX Connectivity
16 16 (0.066%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,817 (15.69%) SQL Server
2 1,364 (5.61%) MySQL
3 1,322 (5.43%) NoSQL
4 1,289 (5.30%) Relational Database
5 1,089 (4.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1,037 (4.26%) PostgreSQL
7 976 (4.01%) MongoDB
8 907 (3.73%) Data Warehouse
9 870 (3.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 853 (3.51%) Big Data
11 625 (2.57%) Hadoop
12 492 (2.02%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 447 (1.84%) RDBMS
14 433 (1.78%) Oracle Database
15 390 (1.60%) Power BI
16 379 (1.56%) SQL Server 2012
17 348 (1.43%) Redis
18 317 (1.30%) SQL Server 2008
19 310 (1.27%) Apache Cassandra
20 307 (1.26%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 3,551 (14.60%) Git (software)
2 1,999 (8.22%) Jenkins
3 1,231 (5.06%) Maven
4 1,159 (4.76%) JIRA
5 916 (3.76%) JUnit
6 726 (2.98%) Visual Studio
7 685 (2.82%) Selenium
8 628 (2.58%) Subversion
9 602 (2.47%) webpack
10 575 (2.36%) gulp
11 569 (2.34%) Team Foundation Server
12 557 (2.29%) Cucumber
13 483 (1.99%) TeamCity
14 464 (1.91%) Mockito
15 456 (1.87%) Jasmine
16 449 (1.85%) Grunt
17 434 (1.78%) Gradle
18 391 (1.61%) NUnit
19 303 (1.25%) Eclipse
20 297 (1.22%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 4,422 (18.18%) Finance
2 2,492 (10.24%) Banking
3 1,264 (5.20%) Front Office
4 752 (3.09%) Investment Banking
5 717 (2.95%) Retail
6 527 (2.17%) Marketing
7 385 (1.58%) Telecoms
8 384 (1.58%) Games
9 253 (1.04%) Law
10 236 (0.97%) Manufacturing
11 197 (0.81%) Financial Institution
12 183 (0.75%) Advertising
13 175 (0.72%) Publishing
14 149 (0.61%) Back Office
14 149 (0.61%) Electronics
15 139 (0.57%) Legal
16 118 (0.48%) Retail Banking
17 67 (0.28%) Automotive
18 62 (0.25%) Billing
19 45 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,459 (26.55%) HTML
2 5,914 (24.31%) CSS
3 5,211 (21.42%) .NET
4 4,453 (18.30%) AngularJS
5 3,024 (12.43%) HTML5
6 2,985 (12.27%) React
7 2,829 (11.63%) Node.js
8 2,778 (11.42%) Spring
9 2,717 (11.17%) Web Services
10 2,513 (10.33%) REST
11 2,398 (9.86%) RESTful
12 2,232 (9.17%) jQuery
13 2,135 (8.78%) ASP.NET
14 2,015 (8.28%) CSS3
15 1,562 (6.42%) XML
16 1,471 (6.05%) JSON
17 1,257 (5.17%) ASP.NET Web API
18 1,218 (5.01%) SOAP
19 1,194 (4.91%) Sass
20 1,142 (4.69%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 1,748 (7.18%) Greenfield Project
2 1,308 (5.38%) User Experience
3 1,023 (4.20%) Analytical Skills
4 817 (3.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 726 (2.98%) Mobile App
6 654 (2.69%) Computer Science
7 588 (2.42%) Fintech
8 478 (1.96%) Derivative
9 444 (1.82%) Enterprise Software
10 415 (1.71%) Algorithms
11 413 (1.70%) Fixed Income
12 332 (1.36%) Data Structures
13 305 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
14 277 (1.14%) Equities
15 231 (0.95%) Hedge funds
16 165 (0.68%) Linux Command Line
17 142 (0.58%) Equity Derivative
18 138 (0.57%) Virtual Team
19 131 (0.54%) iPad
20 125 (0.51%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 2,127 (8.74%) Linux
2 1,164 (4.78%) Unix
3 865 (3.56%) Android
4 846 (3.48%) Windows
5 739 (3.04%) Apple iOS
6 133 (0.55%) Mac OS X
7 111 (0.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 79 (0.32%) Ubuntu
9 75 (0.31%) Windows Server
10 69 (0.28%) CentOS
11 56 (0.23%) VMS
12 53 (0.22%) Solaris
13 40 (0.16%) AIX
14 38 (0.16%) Mac OS
15 34 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
16 30 (0.12%) Windows 10
17 29 (0.12%) Windows 7
18 18 (0.074%) HPUX
18 18 (0.074%) Windows Server 2008
19 17 (0.070%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,748 (40.07%) Agile Software Development
2 5,702 (23.44%) TDD
3 3,164 (13.00%) MVC
4 2,789 (11.46%) Scrum
5 2,621 (10.77%) BDD
6 2,608 (10.72%) Front End Development
7 2,415 (9.93%) Continuous Integration
7 2,415 (9.93%) Microservices
8 2,159 (8.87%) OO
9 1,990 (8.18%) Test Automation
10 1,830 (7.52%) Web Development
11 1,650 (6.78%) DevOps
12 1,624 (6.67%) Unit Testing
13 1,493 (6.14%) E-Commerce
14 1,416 (5.82%) Business Intelligence
15 1,400 (5.75%) Software Engineering
16 1,180 (4.85%) Problem-Solving
17 1,141 (4.69%) Multithreading
18 986 (4.05%) SDLC
19 968 (3.98%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 8,414 (34.58%) JavaScript
2 7,656 (31.47%) Java
3 5,616 (23.08%) C#
4 5,575 (22.91%) SQL
5 2,120 (8.71%) Python
6 1,816 (7.46%) Java 8
7 1,227 (5.04%) PHP
8 1,089 (4.48%) Scala
9 1,058 (4.35%) C++
10 956 (3.93%) T-SQL
11 865 (3.56%) TypeScript
12 861 (3.54%) ES6
13 601 (2.47%) Ruby
14 571 (2.35%) PL/SQL
15 383 (1.57%) VB.NET
16 348 (1.43%) VBA
17 338 (1.39%) C
18 306 (1.26%) Shell Script
19 301 (1.24%) Apple Swift
20 289 (1.19%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 1,023 (4.20%) Degree
2 997 (4.10%) Security Cleared
3 694 (2.85%) SC Cleared
4 304 (1.25%) Computer Science Degree
5 103 (0.42%) DV Cleared
6 93 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
7 90 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
8 78 (0.32%) Master's Degree
9 69 (0.28%) PhD
10 62 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
11 26 (0.11%) DBS Check
12 25 (0.10%) MCSE
13 23 (0.095%) Sun Certification
14 22 (0.090%) CTC Cleared
15 15 (0.062%) Oracle Certification
16 14 (0.058%) MCSA
17 13 (0.053%) Siebel Certification
18 10 (0.041%) BC Cleared
18 10 (0.041%) ISTQB
18 10 (0.041%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 588 (2.42%) QA
2 185 (0.76%) Data Quality
3 82 (0.34%) GCP
4 79 (0.32%) GDPR
4 79 (0.32%) MiFID
5 57 (0.23%) PCI DSS
6 41 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
7 40 (0.16%) WCAG
8 36 (0.15%) HL7
8 36 (0.15%) SLA
9 26 (0.11%) PMO
10 25 (0.10%) EMIR
11 23 (0.095%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 14 (0.058%) Dodd-Frank
13 11 (0.045%) IFRS
13 11 (0.045%) ISO 9001
14 9 (0.037%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 8 (0.033%) IFRS 9
15 8 (0.033%) SEPA
15 8 (0.033%) WAI
System Software
1 1,565 (6.43%) Docker
2 120 (0.49%) HDFS
3 103 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 81 (0.33%) Active Directory
5 53 (0.22%) VMware Infrastructure
6 49 (0.20%) Apache Flume
7 31 (0.13%) vSphere
8 23 (0.095%) Virtual Machines
9 14 (0.058%) Hyper-V
9 14 (0.058%) Oracle RAC
10 13 (0.053%) Firmware
10 13 (0.053%) VirtualBox
11 10 (0.041%) Oracle Clusterware
12 8 (0.033%) OpenAM
12 8 (0.033%) Varnish
13 6 (0.025%) etcd
13 6 (0.025%) Microsoft App-V
13 6 (0.025%) OpenIDM
13 6 (0.025%) VMware ESXi
14 5 (0.021%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 593 (2.44%) Ansible
2 457 (1.88%) Puppet
3 391 (1.61%) Opscode Chef
4 382 (1.57%) Kubernetes
5 279 (1.15%) Terraform
6 108 (0.44%) Hadoop YARN
7 96 (0.39%) Grafana
8 93 (0.38%) Kibana
9 74 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
10 53 (0.22%) logstash
11 49 (0.20%) HP ALM
12 35 (0.14%) Oozie
13 32 (0.13%) Mesos
14 27 (0.11%) Salt
15 24 (0.099%) Docker Swarm
15 24 (0.099%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
16 23 (0.095%) Cobbler
17 21 (0.086%) Business Desktop Deployment
17 21 (0.086%) Control-M
17 21 (0.086%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 2,091 (8.59%) Oracle
2 1,974 (8.11%) Microsoft
3 477 (1.96%) SAP
4 444 (1.82%) Google
5 386 (1.59%) IBM
6 365 (1.50%) Salesforce.com
7 350 (1.44%) Adobe
8 301 (1.24%) Tableau
9 231 (0.95%) Sitecore
10 208 (0.85%) ServiceNow
11 199 (0.82%) Sybase
12 197 (0.81%) TIBCO
13 157 (0.65%) Xamarin
14 154 (0.63%) MuleSoft
15 152 (0.62%) Splunk
16 146 (0.60%) Cognos
17 141 (0.58%) Informatica
18 138 (0.57%) Red Hat
19 131 (0.54%) Capita
20 126 (0.52%) Atlassian