Period
to 6 December 2019

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
6 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 2 2 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 17,869 26,492 25,176
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 24.03% 27.62% 26.32%
As % of the Job Titles category 25.59% 29.13% 27.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,007 19,896 18,782
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £644 £638 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 127 148 214
England median hourly rate £42.00 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.67% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £16.25 £19.93 £25.00
90th Percentile £78.75 £60.63 £63.75
UK median hourly rate £41.25 £43.75 £42.50
% change year-on-year -5.71% +2.94% +6.25%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 69,836 90,934 90,775
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.93% 94.81% 94.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 46,204 60,984 60,677
England median daily rate £463 £458 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.09% +1.67% +5.88%
10th Percentile £256 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £631
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,599 2,785 2,667
England median hourly rate £19.25 £18.50 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.05% -1.07% +1.89%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.01 £10.76
90th Percentile £52.50 £48.75 £48.00
UK median hourly rate £19.46 £18.50 £18.70
% change year-on-year +5.19% -1.07% +3.89%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 6 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 9,992 £525 - 2,975
South East 0 2,375 £438 - 1,246
North of England 0 2,264 £405 +1.25% 1,529
South West -1 1,258 £425 - 681
North West 0 1,243 £400 +3.23% 869
Midlands 0 1,191 £413 +3.00% 901
Yorkshire 0 864 £425 +6.25% 503
West Midlands 0 749 £425 +3.03% 493
East of England -1 647 £425 -5.03% 543
East Midlands +1 431 £385 -3.75% 406
North East 0 156 £405 +6.97% 158
South Coast +1 4 - -
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 6 December 2019, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 6,752 (37.79%) Agile Software Development
2 5,937 (33.23%) JavaScript
3 4,551 (25.47%) Java
4 4,387 (24.55%) SQL
5 3,967 (22.20%) C#
6 3,773 (21.11%) .NET
7 3,762 (21.05%) HTML
8 3,515 (19.67%) CSS
9 3,244 (18.15%) TDD
10 3,050 (17.07%) Finance
11 2,875 (16.09%) AngularJS
12 2,655 (14.86%) Azure
12 2,655 (14.86%) React
13 2,526 (14.14%) SQL Server
14 2,319 (12.98%) Microservices
15 2,212 (12.38%) Python
16 2,188 (12.24%) Git (software)
17 2,132 (11.93%) AWS
18 2,101 (11.76%) Node.js
19 1,984 (11.10%) Scrum
20 1,802 (10.08%) Microsoft
20 1,802 (10.08%) DevOps
21 1,799 (10.07%) Front End Development
22 1,642 (9.19%) MVC
23 1,554 (8.70%) Spring
24 1,550 (8.67%) Docker
25 1,538 (8.61%) Web Services
26 1,483 (8.30%) REST
27 1,467 (8.21%) Continuous Integration
28 1,431 (8.01%) HTML5

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 435 (2.43%) Confluence
2 418 (2.34%) CMS
3 369 (2.07%) SharePoint
4 342 (1.91%) Elasticsearch
5 290 (1.62%) Apache
6 242 (1.35%) Apache Spark
7 173 (0.97%) Drupal
8 149 (0.83%) WordPress
9 146 (0.82%) Tomcat
10 145 (0.81%) Umbraco
11 117 (0.65%) IIS
11 117 (0.65%) WebLogic
12 96 (0.54%) WebSphere
13 95 (0.53%) JBoss
14 90 (0.50%) SAS
15 82 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 74 (0.41%) nginx
17 71 (0.40%) Cloud Foundry
18 68 (0.38%) BizTalk Server
19 62 (0.35%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 322 (1.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 107 (0.60%) Photoshop
3 87 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
4 39 (0.22%) MS Visio
5 38 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
6 33 (0.18%) Sketch
7 29 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 24 (0.13%) GIMP
9 21 (0.12%) Zeplin
10 18 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
11 16 (0.090%) Chatbot
11 16 (0.090%) InVision
12 15 (0.084%) XMetaL
13 14 (0.078%) Adobe XD
14 13 (0.073%) InfoPath
15 8 (0.045%) Adobe Creative Suite
15 8 (0.045%) FileZilla
16 7 (0.039%) Notepad++
17 6 (0.034%) Figma
18 4 (0.022%) Lectora
Business Applications
1 329 (1.84%) Dynamics CRM
2 175 (0.98%) Magento
3 73 (0.41%) Oracle EBS
4 60 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
5 46 (0.26%) Dynamics NAV
6 30 (0.17%) Shopify
7 27 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
8 26 (0.15%) FINCAD Analytics
9 25 (0.14%) NetSuite
10 24 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
11 23 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
11 23 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
11 23 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
12 22 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
13 21 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
14 20 (0.11%) ION MarketView
15 18 (0.10%) BASE24
16 16 (0.090%) Oracle Assets
16 16 (0.090%) SAP Oil and Gas
17 15 (0.084%) Oracle Internet Expenses
Cloud Services
1 2,655 (14.86%) Azure
2 2,132 (11.93%) AWS
3 843 (4.72%) Power Platform
4 673 (3.77%) Serverless
5 479 (2.68%) GCP
6 473 (2.65%) GitHub
7 352 (1.97%) AWS Lambda
8 335 (1.87%) Dynamics 365
9 240 (1.34%) Amazon S3
10 221 (1.24%) Amazon EC2
11 218 (1.22%) SaaS
12 191 (1.07%) Azure Functions
12 191 (1.07%) npm
13 188 (1.05%) PaaS
14 165 (0.92%) OpenShift
15 162 (0.91%) Amazon SQS
16 156 (0.87%) Office 365
17 127 (0.71%) Azure Data Factory
18 122 (0.68%) AWS CloudFormation
19 106 (0.59%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 290 (1.62%) HTTP
2 108 (0.60%) TCP/IP
3 84 (0.47%) Internet
4 67 (0.37%) SSL
5 60 (0.34%) FTP
6 47 (0.26%) HTTPS
7 41 (0.23%) DNS
8 35 (0.20%) Intranet
9 27 (0.15%) Ethernet
10 24 (0.13%) Skype
11 21 (0.12%) AMQP
12 20 (0.11%) SSH
12 20 (0.11%) Wi-Fi
13 19 (0.11%) Bluetooth
13 19 (0.11%) Multicast
14 17 (0.095%) SMTP
15 14 (0.078%) Firewall
15 14 (0.078%) Kerberos
16 12 (0.067%) Broadband
17 11 (0.062%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,526 (14.14%) SQL Server
2 933 (5.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 848 (4.75%) MySQL
4 797 (4.46%) Power BI
5 761 (4.26%) Data Warehouse
6 723 (4.05%) PostgreSQL
7 709 (3.97%) Relational Database
8 706 (3.95%) NoSQL
9 659 (3.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 578 (3.23%) MongoDB
11 397 (2.22%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 346 (1.94%) Big Data
13 331 (1.85%) Oracle Database
14 226 (1.26%) Hadoop
15 207 (1.16%) Azure SQL Database
16 186 (1.04%) RDBMS
16 186 (1.04%) Redis
17 177 (0.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 150 (0.84%) Amazon RDS
19 147 (0.82%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 2,188 (12.24%) Git (software)
2 1,181 (6.61%) Jenkins
3 920 (5.15%) JIRA
4 522 (2.92%) JUnit
5 515 (2.88%) Maven
6 477 (2.67%) Visual Studio
7 393 (2.20%) TeamCity
8 388 (2.17%) Selenium
9 355 (1.99%) webpack
10 345 (1.93%) Team Foundation Server
11 309 (1.73%) Cucumber
12 290 (1.62%) Mockito
13 271 (1.52%) Bitbucket
14 250 (1.40%) Subversion
15 245 (1.37%) Jasmine
16 237 (1.33%) gulp
17 186 (1.04%) Grunt
18 185 (1.04%) Octopus Deploy
19 178 (1.00%) NUnit
19 178 (1.00%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 3,050 (17.07%) Finance
2 1,371 (7.67%) Banking
3 824 (4.61%) Front Office
4 620 (3.47%) Public Sector
5 511 (2.86%) Retail
6 396 (2.22%) Investment Banking
7 382 (2.14%) Marketing
8 256 (1.43%) Law
9 221 (1.24%) Games
10 197 (1.10%) Telecoms
11 152 (0.85%) Manufacturing
12 131 (0.73%) Financial Institution
13 127 (0.71%) Back Office
14 118 (0.66%) Publishing
15 92 (0.51%) Advertising
16 90 (0.50%) Electronics
17 80 (0.45%) Legal
18 56 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
19 52 (0.29%) Automotive
20 51 (0.29%) Retail Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,773 (21.11%) .NET
2 3,762 (21.05%) HTML
3 3,515 (19.67%) CSS
4 2,875 (16.09%) AngularJS
5 2,655 (14.86%) React
6 2,101 (11.76%) Node.js
7 1,554 (8.70%) Spring
8 1,538 (8.61%) Web Services
9 1,483 (8.30%) REST
10 1,431 (8.01%) HTML5
11 1,383 (7.74%) RESTful
12 1,285 (7.19%) ASP.NET
13 954 (5.34%) jQuery
14 916 (5.13%) CSS3
15 915 (5.12%) Redux
16 896 (5.01%) XML
17 881 (4.93%) .NET Core
18 830 (4.64%) JSON
19 773 (4.33%) .NET Framework
20 737 (4.12%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 1,239 (6.93%) Greenfield Project
2 933 (5.22%) User Experience
3 735 (4.11%) Analytical Skills
4 559 (3.13%) Mobile App
5 369 (2.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 319 (1.79%) Derivative
7 297 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
8 287 (1.61%) Fixed Income
9 286 (1.60%) Equities
10 259 (1.45%) Data Structures
11 257 (1.44%) Algorithms
12 224 (1.25%) Hedge funds
13 203 (1.14%) Self-Motivation
14 127 (0.71%) Virtual Team
15 98 (0.55%) W3C
16 97 (0.54%) Equity Derivative
17 96 (0.54%) NHS
18 90 (0.50%) Linux Command Line
19 89 (0.50%) Management Information System
20 78 (0.44%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,068 (5.98%) Linux
2 611 (3.42%) Android
3 554 (3.10%) Unix
4 521 (2.92%) Apple iOS
5 493 (2.76%) Windows
6 64 (0.36%) Mac OS X
7 43 (0.24%) Mac OS
8 40 (0.22%) Windows Server
9 39 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 32 (0.18%) AIX
11 29 (0.16%) Ubuntu
11 29 (0.16%) VMS
12 26 (0.15%) CentOS
13 22 (0.12%) OpenVMS
13 22 (0.12%) tvOS
13 22 (0.12%) Windows 10
14 20 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
15 17 (0.095%) Solaris
16 15 (0.084%) Embedded Linux
17 14 (0.078%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,752 (37.79%) Agile Software Development
2 3,244 (18.15%) TDD
3 2,319 (12.98%) Microservices
4 1,984 (11.10%) Scrum
5 1,802 (10.08%) DevOps
6 1,799 (10.07%) Front End Development
7 1,642 (9.19%) MVC
8 1,467 (8.21%) Continuous Integration
9 1,422 (7.96%) Business Intelligence
10 1,357 (7.59%) Test Automation
11 1,312 (7.34%) BDD
12 1,137 (6.36%) Software Engineering
13 1,107 (6.20%) OO
14 1,023 (5.72%) Unit Testing
15 979 (5.48%) Web Development
16 901 (5.04%) ETL
17 874 (4.89%) Problem-Solving
18 817 (4.57%) Analytics
19 776 (4.34%) E-Commerce
20 695 (3.89%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 5,937 (33.23%) JavaScript
2 4,551 (25.47%) Java
3 4,387 (24.55%) SQL
4 3,967 (22.20%) C#
5 2,212 (12.38%) Python
6 1,104 (6.18%) TypeScript
7 1,048 (5.86%) PHP
8 892 (4.99%) Java 8
9 647 (3.62%) T-SQL
10 639 (3.58%) C++
11 563 (3.15%) ES6
12 558 (3.12%) Scala
13 548 (3.07%) Ruby
14 484 (2.71%) PL/SQL
15 362 (2.03%) Kotlin
16 335 (1.87%) PowerShell
17 290 (1.62%) C
18 274 (1.53%) Apple Swift
19 231 (1.29%) Go
20 216 (1.21%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 1,112 (6.22%) Security Cleared
2 836 (4.68%) SC Cleared
3 661 (3.70%) Degree
4 238 (1.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 112 (0.63%) DV Cleared
6 110 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
7 53 (0.30%) DBS Check
8 49 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
9 39 (0.22%) Master's Degree
10 38 (0.21%) AWS Certification
11 21 (0.12%) ISTQB
12 20 (0.11%) PhD
13 19 (0.11%) BC Cleared
14 18 (0.10%) Numerate Degree
15 14 (0.078%) ISEB
15 14 (0.078%) MCSE
16 12 (0.067%) ITIL Certification
17 11 (0.062%) CTC Cleared
18 10 (0.056%) Sun Certification
19 6 (0.034%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 415 (2.32%) QA
2 125 (0.70%) Data Quality
3 115 (0.64%) WCAG
4 48 (0.27%) GDPR
5 44 (0.25%) MiFID
6 27 (0.15%) SLA
7 21 (0.12%) PMO
8 19 (0.11%) EMIR
9 17 (0.095%) Disclosure Scotland
9 17 (0.095%) PCI DSS
10 11 (0.062%) PSD2
11 8 (0.045%) HL7
12 7 (0.039%) SEPA
13 6 (0.034%) Dodd-Frank
13 6 (0.034%) IFRS
14 5 (0.028%) GAAP
15 4 (0.022%) CRD IV
15 4 (0.022%) ISO 9001
15 4 (0.022%) JTAG
16 3 (0.017%) COREP
System Software
1 1,550 (8.67%) Docker
2 168 (0.94%) Active Directory
3 46 (0.26%) Postfix
4 45 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
5 38 (0.21%) HDFS
6 37 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
7 32 (0.18%) vSphere
8 21 (0.12%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 10 (0.056%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 9 (0.050%) OpenAM
10 9 (0.050%) OpenDJ
11 8 (0.045%) Firmware
11 8 (0.045%) VirtualBox
12 7 (0.039%) NDS
12 7 (0.039%) NetIQ eDirectory
13 6 (0.034%) Oracle RAC
13 6 (0.034%) Varnish
14 4 (0.022%) GridGain
14 4 (0.022%) OpenIDM
14 4 (0.022%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 862 (4.82%) Kubernetes
2 283 (1.58%) Terraform
3 239 (1.34%) Ansible
4 87 (0.49%) Puppet
5 77 (0.43%) Kibana
6 70 (0.39%) Grafana
7 60 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
8 44 (0.25%) Opscode Chef
9 31 (0.17%) MIIS
10 30 (0.17%) logstash
11 28 (0.16%) Tivoli
12 26 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
13 25 (0.14%) Hadoop YARN
14 22 (0.12%) Prometheus
15 21 (0.12%) Microsoft Intune
16 20 (0.11%) Control-M
17 18 (0.10%) NetIQ Identity Manager
18 11 (0.062%) Mesos
19 10 (0.056%) Cobbler
19 10 (0.056%) Oozie
Vendors
1 1,802 (10.08%) Microsoft
2 1,301 (7.28%) Oracle
3 540 (3.02%) Google
4 383 (2.14%) Salesforce.com
5 356 (1.99%) Tableau
6 338 (1.89%) SAP
7 185 (1.04%) IBM
8 182 (1.02%) ServiceNow
9 157 (0.88%) Adobe
10 146 (0.82%) Xamarin
11 132 (0.74%) Sitecore
12 129 (0.72%) MuleSoft
13 122 (0.68%) Informatica
14 114 (0.64%) Atlassian
15 92 (0.51%) Apple
15 92 (0.51%) Cognos
16 89 (0.50%) Talend
17 86 (0.48%) Sybase
18 79 (0.44%) TIBCO
19 78 (0.44%) webMethods