Period
to 23 September 2018

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
23 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1 1 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 25,846 23,898 23,704
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 27.97% 26.54% 23.82%
As % of the Job Titles category 29.52% 27.96% 25.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,155 17,643 17,210
England median daily rate £475 £450 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +7.14% +5.00%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £295
90th Percentile £638 £625 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £413
% change year-on-year - +9.09% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 157 211 249
England median hourly rate £43.50 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.35% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.15 £25.75 £20.44
90th Percentile £68.00 £63.75 £58.75
UK median hourly rate £43.25 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +1.76% +6.25% +6.67%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 87,544 85,462 94,497
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.73% 94.90% 94.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,167 56,423 62,370
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £258
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,819 2,531 2,908
England median hourly rate £18.00 £18.70 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.74% -1.58% +8.57%
10th Percentile £11.10 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.75 £46.00
UK median hourly rate £17.61 £18.92 £18.97
% change year-on-year -6.95% -0.26% +6.75%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 23 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 14,525 £513 +2.50% 3,433
South East -1 3,833 £425 +6.25% 1,501
North of England -1 3,317 £400 +6.67% 1,799
Midlands 0 1,782 £400 +6.67% 1,013
North West 0 1,588 £385 +2.73% 998
Yorkshire 0 1,439 £400 +3.23% 645
South West -1 1,374 £413 +8.55% 695
West Midlands 0 1,056 £400 +6.67% 546
East of England 0 962 £425 +6.25% 616
East Midlands -1 716 £400 +6.67% 466
North East +6 292 £375 -0.66% 156
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 23 September 2018, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 10,498 (40.62%) Agile Software Development
2 9,304 (36.00%) JavaScript
3 7,796 (30.16%) Java
4 6,711 (25.97%) HTML
5 6,180 (23.91%) C#
6 6,152 (23.80%) CSS
7 6,110 (23.64%) SQL
8 5,733 (22.18%) TDD
9 5,673 (21.95%) .NET
10 4,724 (18.28%) AngularJS
11 4,630 (17.91%) Finance
12 3,895 (15.07%) SQL Server
13 3,861 (14.94%) Git (software)
14 3,387 (13.10%) React
15 3,221 (12.46%) MVC
16 3,121 (12.08%) Scrum
17 3,073 (11.89%) Microservices
18 3,063 (11.85%) HTML5
19 3,011 (11.65%) Spring
20 2,984 (11.55%) Node.js
21 2,782 (10.76%) Front End Development
22 2,747 (10.63%) REST
23 2,635 (10.20%) Web Services
24 2,600 (10.06%) Continuous Integration
25 2,510 (9.71%) BDD
26 2,494 (9.65%) Microsoft Azure
27 2,493 (9.65%) Amazon AWS
28 2,460 (9.52%) Banking
29 2,405 (9.31%) Python
30 2,367 (9.16%) ASP.NET

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 693 (2.68%) CMS
2 633 (2.45%) Elasticsearch
3 576 (2.23%) Confluence
4 561 (2.17%) Apache
5 540 (2.09%) Tomcat
6 537 (2.08%) Apache Spark
7 461 (1.78%) SharePoint
8 406 (1.57%) WebSphere
9 315 (1.22%) WordPress
10 308 (1.19%) WebLogic
11 249 (0.96%) Drupal
12 248 (0.96%) JBoss
13 197 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 188 (0.73%) IIS
15 179 (0.69%) Mule
16 176 (0.68%) Umbraco
17 160 (0.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 151 (0.58%) OpenStack
19 123 (0.48%) nginx
20 117 (0.45%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 377 (1.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 211 (0.82%) Photoshop
3 95 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
4 64 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
5 49 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
6 40 (0.15%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 36 (0.14%) MS Visio
8 33 (0.13%) InfoPath
9 30 (0.12%) Chatbot
10 29 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 28 (0.11%) Fireworks
12 26 (0.10%) GIMP
13 20 (0.077%) InVision
14 9 (0.035%) Maya
14 9 (0.035%) OmniGraffle
15 7 (0.027%) InDesign
16 6 (0.023%) Acrobat
16 6 (0.023%) Microsoft Project
17 5 (0.019%) Adobe Captivate
17 5 (0.019%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 262 (1.01%) Dynamics CRM
2 199 (0.77%) Magento
3 81 (0.31%) ION MarketView
4 66 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
5 60 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
6 43 (0.17%) Oracle EBS R12
7 40 (0.15%) Markit EDM
8 33 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
9 32 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
10 30 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
11 29 (0.11%) Oracle General Ledger
12 28 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
13 27 (0.10%) Cognos TM1
14 25 (0.097%) thinkFolio
15 23 (0.089%) Oracle Receivables
15 23 (0.089%) Salesforce.com CRM
16 22 (0.085%) Hyperion Planning
17 21 (0.081%) Oracle BPM
18 20 (0.077%) Oracle ERP
19 19 (0.074%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 2,494 (9.65%) Microsoft Azure
2 2,493 (9.65%) Amazon AWS
3 605 (2.34%) GitHub
4 452 (1.75%) Serverless
5 343 (1.33%) npm
6 321 (1.24%) Google Cloud Platform
7 243 (0.94%) AWS Lambda
8 210 (0.81%) PaaS
9 205 (0.79%) Amazon EC2
10 194 (0.75%) SaaS
11 184 (0.71%) Amazon S3
12 182 (0.70%) Dynamics 365
13 161 (0.62%) Office 365
14 135 (0.52%) Cloud Computing
15 111 (0.43%) Heroku
16 103 (0.40%) OpenShift
17 96 (0.37%) Amazon SQS
18 92 (0.36%) IaaS
19 88 (0.34%) Azure Functions
19 88 (0.34%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 576 (2.23%) HTTP
2 205 (0.79%) TCP/IP
3 195 (0.75%) Internet
4 162 (0.63%) SSL
5 103 (0.40%) SMS
6 83 (0.32%) Kerberos
7 76 (0.29%) FTP
8 75 (0.29%) DNS
9 72 (0.28%) Intranet
10 57 (0.22%) AMQP
11 43 (0.17%) Firewall
12 39 (0.15%) HTTPS
12 39 (0.15%) SSH
13 34 (0.13%) Bluetooth
14 26 (0.10%) Skype
15 23 (0.089%) Network Security
16 22 (0.085%) SMTP
17 20 (0.077%) Wi-Fi
18 19 (0.074%) SNMP
19 17 (0.066%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,895 (15.07%) SQL Server
2 1,464 (5.66%) NoSQL
3 1,427 (5.52%) MySQL
4 1,397 (5.41%) Relational Database
5 1,186 (4.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1,169 (4.52%) MongoDB
7 1,117 (4.32%) PostgreSQL
8 994 (3.85%) Data Warehouse
9 893 (3.46%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 789 (3.05%) Big Data
11 655 (2.53%) Hadoop
12 495 (1.92%) Power BI
13 475 (1.84%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 421 (1.63%) RDBMS
15 400 (1.55%) Oracle Database
16 399 (1.54%) Apache Cassandra
17 351 (1.36%) Redis
18 328 (1.27%) SQL Server 2012
19 265 (1.03%) SQL Server 2008
20 257 (0.99%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 3,861 (14.94%) Git (software)
2 2,096 (8.11%) Jenkins
3 1,449 (5.61%) JIRA
4 1,247 (4.82%) Maven
5 814 (3.15%) JUnit
6 813 (3.15%) Visual Studio
7 736 (2.85%) Selenium
8 674 (2.61%) Subversion
9 643 (2.49%) Team Foundation Server
10 638 (2.47%) TeamCity
11 619 (2.39%) webpack
12 593 (2.29%) gulp
13 575 (2.22%) Cucumber
14 438 (1.69%) Jasmine
15 405 (1.57%) Grunt
16 391 (1.51%) Mockito
17 380 (1.47%) NUnit
18 378 (1.46%) Gradle
19 327 (1.27%) Octopus Deploy
20 315 (1.22%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 4,630 (17.91%) Finance
2 2,460 (9.52%) Banking
3 1,351 (5.23%) Front Office
4 848 (3.28%) Retail
5 754 (2.92%) Investment Banking
6 485 (1.88%) Marketing
7 378 (1.46%) Telecoms
8 368 (1.42%) Games
9 236 (0.91%) Advertising
10 234 (0.91%) Law
11 232 (0.90%) Back Office
12 225 (0.87%) Financial Institution
13 219 (0.85%) Manufacturing
14 166 (0.64%) Legal
15 146 (0.56%) Electronics
16 138 (0.53%) Publishing
17 85 (0.33%) Automotive
18 65 (0.25%) Retail Banking
19 49 (0.19%) General Ledger
19 49 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,711 (25.97%) HTML
2 6,152 (23.80%) CSS
3 5,673 (21.95%) .NET
4 4,724 (18.28%) AngularJS
5 3,387 (13.10%) React
6 3,063 (11.85%) HTML5
7 3,011 (11.65%) Spring
8 2,984 (11.55%) Node.js
9 2,747 (10.63%) REST
10 2,635 (10.20%) Web Services
11 2,367 (9.16%) ASP.NET
12 2,322 (8.98%) RESTful
13 2,228 (8.62%) jQuery
14 2,025 (7.83%) CSS3
15 1,614 (6.24%) XML
16 1,470 (5.69%) JSON
17 1,429 (5.53%) ASP.NET Web API
18 1,428 (5.53%) Spring Boot
19 1,356 (5.25%) Sass
20 1,301 (5.03%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 1,885 (7.29%) Greenfield Project
2 1,521 (5.88%) User Experience
3 1,003 (3.88%) Analytical Skills
4 808 (3.13%) Mobile App
5 741 (2.87%) Fintech
6 738 (2.86%) Computer Science
7 687 (2.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 638 (2.47%) Fixed Income
9 511 (1.98%) Derivative
10 471 (1.82%) Algorithms
11 411 (1.59%) Data Structures
12 362 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
13 354 (1.37%) Equities
14 303 (1.17%) Self-Motivation
15 250 (0.97%) Hedge funds
16 152 (0.59%) Equity Derivative
17 150 (0.58%) Linux Command Line
18 129 (0.50%) Market Risk
19 112 (0.43%) Virtual Team
20 111 (0.43%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 1,926 (7.45%) Linux
2 1,075 (4.16%) Unix
3 890 (3.44%) Windows
4 829 (3.21%) Android
5 741 (2.87%) Apple iOS
6 108 (0.42%) Ubuntu
7 103 (0.40%) Windows Server
8 97 (0.38%) VMS
9 91 (0.35%) Solaris
10 72 (0.28%) Mac OS X
11 61 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 49 (0.19%) CentOS
13 45 (0.17%) Mac OS
14 38 (0.15%) AIX
15 34 (0.13%) Windows 10
16 26 (0.10%) Windows 7
17 24 (0.093%) OpenVMS
18 21 (0.081%) Windows Server 2012
19 20 (0.077%) Windows Server 2008
20 16 (0.062%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,498 (40.62%) Agile Software Development
2 5,733 (22.18%) TDD
3 3,221 (12.46%) MVC
4 3,121 (12.08%) Scrum
5 3,073 (11.89%) Microservices
6 2,782 (10.76%) Front End Development
7 2,600 (10.06%) Continuous Integration
8 2,510 (9.71%) BDD
9 2,320 (8.98%) OO
10 2,187 (8.46%) Test Automation
11 2,005 (7.76%) DevOps
12 1,886 (7.30%) Web Development
13 1,624 (6.28%) Unit Testing
14 1,557 (6.02%) Software Engineering
15 1,547 (5.99%) E-Commerce
16 1,536 (5.94%) Business Intelligence
17 1,473 (5.70%) Problem-Solving
18 1,099 (4.25%) SDLC
19 1,073 (4.15%) Analytics
20 1,066 (4.12%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 9,304 (36.00%) JavaScript
2 7,796 (30.16%) Java
3 6,180 (23.91%) C#
4 6,110 (23.64%) SQL
5 2,405 (9.31%) Python
6 2,020 (7.82%) Java 8
7 1,586 (6.14%) PHP
8 1,145 (4.43%) TypeScript
9 1,075 (4.16%) T-SQL
10 1,048 (4.05%) C++
11 936 (3.62%) ES6
12 932 (3.61%) Scala
13 627 (2.43%) PL/SQL
14 524 (2.03%) Ruby
15 407 (1.57%) C
16 361 (1.40%) Go
17 350 (1.35%) PowerShell
18 329 (1.27%) Apple Swift
19 317 (1.23%) Shell Script
20 313 (1.21%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 1,196 (4.63%) Security Cleared
2 1,028 (3.98%) Degree
3 941 (3.64%) SC Cleared
4 367 (1.42%) Computer Science Degree
5 130 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
6 82 (0.32%) Master's Degree
7 73 (0.28%) DV Cleared
8 47 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
9 39 (0.15%) Numerate Degree
10 33 (0.13%) PhD
11 32 (0.12%) AWS Certification
12 29 (0.11%) DBS Check
13 25 (0.097%) ITIL Certification
14 18 (0.070%) BC Cleared
14 18 (0.070%) ISTQB
15 15 (0.058%) CTC Cleared
15 15 (0.058%) Oracle Certification
16 13 (0.050%) ISEB
16 13 (0.050%) Postgraduate
17 11 (0.043%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 661 (2.56%) QA
2 142 (0.55%) Data Quality
3 87 (0.34%) GDPR
4 55 (0.21%) SLA
5 44 (0.17%) WCAG
6 40 (0.15%) MiFID
7 33 (0.13%) PMO
8 25 (0.097%) PCI DSS
9 23 (0.089%) Disclosure Scotland
10 21 (0.081%) WAI
11 18 (0.070%) EMIR
11 18 (0.070%) HL7
12 12 (0.046%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 11 (0.043%) Dodd-Frank
14 10 (0.039%) PSD2
15 9 (0.035%) Solvency II
16 7 (0.027%) ISO 20022
16 7 (0.027%) ISO 9001
17 6 (0.023%) MISRA
18 5 (0.019%) IFRS
System Software
1 2,187 (8.46%) Docker
2 125 (0.48%) HDFS
3 93 (0.36%) Active Directory
4 69 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 64 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
6 47 (0.18%) vSphere
7 29 (0.11%) Apache Flume
8 24 (0.093%) Virtual Machines
9 17 (0.066%) Hyper-V
10 16 (0.062%) Oracle RAC
11 14 (0.054%) VirtualBox
12 13 (0.050%) Firmware
13 7 (0.027%) OpenAM
13 7 (0.027%) Time Sharing Option
14 5 (0.019%) etcd
14 5 (0.019%) Platform Symphony
15 4 (0.015%) flannel
15 4 (0.015%) Microsoft App-V
15 4 (0.015%) Varnish
15 4 (0.015%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 705 (2.73%) Kubernetes
2 604 (2.34%) Ansible
3 435 (1.68%) Puppet
4 324 (1.25%) Opscode Chef
4 324 (1.25%) Terraform
5 106 (0.41%) Kibana
6 95 (0.37%) Grafana
7 86 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
8 83 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
9 72 (0.28%) Mesos
10 46 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
11 45 (0.17%) Salt
12 44 (0.17%) Cobbler
12 44 (0.17%) Marathon
13 41 (0.16%) Prometheus
14 34 (0.13%) logstash
15 30 (0.12%) Oozie
16 26 (0.10%) Control-M
17 25 (0.097%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
18 24 (0.093%) Graphite
Vendors
1 2,250 (8.71%) Oracle
2 2,174 (8.41%) Microsoft
3 609 (2.36%) Google
4 522 (2.02%) SAP
5 385 (1.49%) Salesforce.com
6 347 (1.34%) Adobe
7 327 (1.27%) IBM
8 320 (1.24%) Tableau
9 246 (0.95%) Sitecore
10 190 (0.74%) ServiceNow
11 178 (0.69%) Sybase
12 160 (0.62%) MuleSoft
13 159 (0.62%) TIBCO
14 145 (0.56%) Atlassian
15 144 (0.56%) Zend
16 143 (0.55%) hybris
17 137 (0.53%) Xamarin
18 135 (0.52%) Splunk
19 131 (0.51%) Informatica
20 116 (0.45%) Talend