Period
to 17 June 2019

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 17 June 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 2 2 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 20,465 24,086 22,212
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 24.71% 26.53% 26.50%
As % of the Job Titles category 26.13% 27.98% 27.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,056 17,849 16,128
England median daily rate £475 £463 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +5.71% +6.06%
10th Percentile £330 £314 £306
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 137 141 209
England median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.18% +4.94% -
10th Percentile £24.25 £13.25 £25.00
90th Percentile £60.50 £75.75 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year - +1.19% +5.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 78,324 86,076 79,627
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.57% 94.80% 95.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,960 56,824 51,892
England median daily rate £475 £450 £434
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +3.69% +2.12%
10th Percentile £278 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,472 2,775 2,616
England median hourly rate £19.50 £18.64 £18.98
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.64% -1.82% -5.10%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.11 £10.75
90th Percentile £52.24 £48.75 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £19.34 £18.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year +7.44% -5.26% -5.00%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 17 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 17 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 17 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 11,411 £525 +5.00% 3,316
South East 0 2,943 £450 +5.88% 1,445
North of England 0 2,623 £425 +8.97% 1,906
Midlands 0 1,391 £410 +2.50% 1,100
North West 0 1,253 £403 +5.57% 1,083
South West -1 1,213 £450 +12.50% 758
Yorkshire 0 1,148 £425 +6.25% 678
West Midlands 0 900 £425 +6.25% 577
East of England 0 809 £450 +5.88% 615
East Midlands 0 467 £400 +5.26% 523
North East +1 221 £449 +19.73% 145
South Coast -5 1 - -
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 17 June 2019, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 8,560 (41.83%) Agile Software Development
2 7,279 (35.57%) JavaScript
3 6,038 (29.50%) Java
4 5,022 (24.54%) HTML
5 4,710 (23.01%) SQL
6 4,709 (23.01%) C#
7 4,671 (22.82%) CSS
8 4,633 (22.64%) .NET
9 4,381 (21.41%) TDD
10 3,668 (17.92%) Finance
11 3,571 (17.45%) AngularJS
12 3,057 (14.94%) Git (software)
13 2,951 (14.42%) SQL Server
14 2,939 (14.36%) React
15 2,764 (13.51%) Microservices
16 2,626 (12.83%) Microsoft Azure
17 2,549 (12.46%) Node.js
18 2,475 (12.09%) Scrum
19 2,454 (11.99%) Amazon AWS
20 2,233 (10.91%) Spring
21 2,209 (10.79%) Python
22 2,154 (10.53%) DevOps
23 2,153 (10.52%) Front End Development
24 2,152 (10.52%) MVC
25 2,133 (10.42%) Web Services
26 2,128 (10.40%) REST
27 2,059 (10.06%) HTML5
28 2,046 (10.00%) Docker
29 1,925 (9.41%) BDD
30 1,870 (9.14%) RESTful

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 573 (2.80%) CMS
2 521 (2.55%) Confluence
3 514 (2.51%) SharePoint
4 452 (2.21%) Elasticsearch
5 425 (2.08%) Apache
6 397 (1.94%) Apache Spark
7 223 (1.09%) WordPress
8 196 (0.96%) Drupal
9 186 (0.91%) Tomcat
10 162 (0.79%) WebSphere
11 159 (0.78%) Mule
12 149 (0.73%) JBoss
13 148 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 147 (0.72%) Umbraco
15 135 (0.66%) IIS
16 129 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 122 (0.60%) WebLogic
18 89 (0.43%) SharePoint 2013
19 84 (0.41%) SAS
20 80 (0.39%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 344 (1.68%) Microsoft Excel
2 119 (0.58%) Photoshop
3 103 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
4 42 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
5 37 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
6 33 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 32 (0.16%) Sketch
8 21 (0.10%) Chatbot
8 21 (0.10%) InVision
9 18 (0.088%) InDesign
9 18 (0.088%) MS Visio
10 17 (0.083%) Adobe XD
11 12 (0.059%) Zeplin
12 11 (0.054%) Acrobat
12 11 (0.054%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 10 (0.049%) GIMP
14 8 (0.039%) Adobe Captivate
14 8 (0.039%) InfoPath
15 7 (0.034%) Fireworks
16 6 (0.029%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 403 (1.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 135 (0.66%) Magento
3 55 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
4 36 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
5 31 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
6 28 (0.14%) BASE24
7 27 (0.13%) Endur
7 27 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
7 27 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 25 (0.12%) ION MarketView
8 25 (0.12%) NetSuite
8 25 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
9 24 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
9 24 (0.12%) R3 Corda
10 22 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
11 19 (0.093%) Markit EDM
11 19 (0.093%) SAP Hybris
12 16 (0.078%) Shopify
13 14 (0.068%) Maximo
14 13 (0.064%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 2,626 (12.83%) Microsoft Azure
2 2,454 (11.99%) Amazon AWS
3 712 (3.48%) Power Platform
4 662 (3.23%) Serverless
5 497 (2.43%) GitHub
6 441 (2.15%) AWS Lambda
7 396 (1.94%) Google Cloud Platform
8 336 (1.64%) Amazon EC2
9 333 (1.63%) Dynamics 365
10 320 (1.56%) Amazon S3
11 263 (1.29%) Amazon SQS
12 251 (1.23%) PaaS
13 245 (1.20%) SaaS
14 232 (1.13%) OpenShift
15 229 (1.12%) Office 365
16 217 (1.06%) AWS CloudFormation
17 205 (1.00%) npm
18 133 (0.65%) Amazon ECS
19 122 (0.60%) Azure Functions
20 99 (0.48%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 328 (1.60%) HTTP
2 112 (0.55%) TCP/IP
3 110 (0.54%) Internet
4 95 (0.46%) SSL
5 72 (0.35%) FTP
6 54 (0.26%) Firewall
7 47 (0.23%) AMQP
8 44 (0.22%) Intranet
9 38 (0.19%) DNS
10 30 (0.15%) Kerberos
11 24 (0.12%) SSH
12 23 (0.11%) Skype
13 21 (0.10%) Ethernet
14 20 (0.098%) SNMP
15 19 (0.093%) Bluetooth
16 16 (0.078%) Wi-Fi
17 14 (0.068%) IPFS
17 14 (0.068%) Wireless
18 13 (0.064%) DHCP
18 13 (0.064%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,951 (14.42%) SQL Server
2 1,009 (4.93%) MySQL
2 1,009 (4.93%) NoSQL
3 937 (4.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 868 (4.24%) MongoDB
5 859 (4.20%) Relational Database
6 850 (4.15%) Data Warehouse
7 799 (3.90%) PostgreSQL
8 649 (3.17%) Power BI
9 644 (3.15%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 619 (3.02%) Big Data
11 395 (1.93%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 377 (1.84%) Hadoop
13 355 (1.73%) Oracle Database
14 304 (1.49%) Redis
15 274 (1.34%) Apache Cassandra
16 254 (1.24%) Amazon RDS
17 231 (1.13%) SQL Server 2012
18 229 (1.12%) RDBMS
19 186 (0.91%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 3,057 (14.94%) Git (software)
2 1,697 (8.29%) Jenkins
3 1,163 (5.68%) JIRA
4 817 (3.99%) Maven
5 649 (3.17%) Visual Studio
6 630 (3.08%) JUnit
7 508 (2.48%) Team Foundation Server
8 483 (2.36%) Selenium
9 456 (2.23%) webpack
10 447 (2.18%) Cucumber
11 445 (2.17%) Subversion
12 419 (2.05%) gulp
13 377 (1.84%) Mockito
14 357 (1.74%) Bitbucket
15 355 (1.73%) Jasmine
16 340 (1.66%) TeamCity
17 315 (1.54%) Grunt
18 293 (1.43%) Visual Studio Team System
19 245 (1.20%) Karma Test Runner
20 198 (0.97%) Eclipse
General
1 3,668 (17.92%) Finance
2 1,719 (8.40%) Banking
3 935 (4.57%) Front Office
4 590 (2.88%) Retail
5 508 (2.48%) Marketing
6 475 (2.32%) Investment Banking
7 299 (1.46%) Telecoms
8 228 (1.11%) Law
9 220 (1.08%) Games
10 210 (1.03%) Financial Institution
11 208 (1.02%) Manufacturing
12 168 (0.82%) Legal
13 164 (0.80%) Electronics
14 154 (0.75%) Back Office
15 136 (0.66%) Publishing
16 112 (0.55%) Advertising
17 81 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
18 64 (0.31%) Automotive
19 62 (0.30%) Retail Banking
20 49 (0.24%) French Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,022 (24.54%) HTML
2 4,671 (22.82%) CSS
3 4,633 (22.64%) .NET
4 3,571 (17.45%) AngularJS
5 2,939 (14.36%) React
6 2,549 (12.46%) Node.js
7 2,233 (10.91%) Spring
8 2,133 (10.42%) Web Services
9 2,128 (10.40%) REST
10 2,059 (10.06%) HTML5
11 1,870 (9.14%) RESTful
12 1,646 (8.04%) ASP.NET
13 1,432 (7.00%) jQuery
14 1,245 (6.08%) CSS3
15 1,177 (5.75%) JSON
16 1,151 (5.62%) XML
17 1,083 (5.29%) Spring Boot
18 1,049 (5.13%) ASP.NET Web API
19 1,043 (5.10%) .NET Framework
20 1,037 (5.07%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 1,473 (7.20%) Greenfield Project
2 1,162 (5.68%) User Experience
3 766 (3.74%) Analytical Skills
4 665 (3.25%) Mobile App
5 347 (1.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 334 (1.63%) Enterprise Software
7 330 (1.61%) Data Structures
8 322 (1.57%) Hedge funds
9 316 (1.54%) Algorithms
10 311 (1.52%) Derivative
11 302 (1.48%) Fixed Income
12 266 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
13 203 (0.99%) Equities
14 200 (0.98%) Virtual Team
15 181 (0.88%) Linux Command Line
16 172 (0.84%) Data Protection Act
17 101 (0.49%) Equity Derivative
18 99 (0.48%) NHS
19 93 (0.45%) Cloud Native
20 90 (0.44%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1,561 (7.63%) Linux
2 862 (4.21%) Unix
3 609 (2.98%) Android
4 600 (2.93%) Windows
5 523 (2.56%) Apple iOS
6 157 (0.77%) Mac OS X
7 60 (0.29%) CentOS
8 50 (0.24%) VMS
9 42 (0.21%) Windows Server
10 41 (0.20%) Ubuntu
11 38 (0.19%) Mac OS
12 37 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 35 (0.17%) Solaris
14 23 (0.11%) HPUX
14 23 (0.11%) tvOS
15 22 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
16 18 (0.088%) OpenVMS
17 16 (0.078%) VME
18 13 (0.064%) AIX
19 12 (0.059%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,560 (41.83%) Agile Software Development
2 4,381 (21.41%) TDD
3 2,764 (13.51%) Microservices
4 2,475 (12.09%) Scrum
5 2,154 (10.53%) DevOps
6 2,153 (10.52%) Front End Development
7 2,152 (10.52%) MVC
8 1,925 (9.41%) BDD
9 1,727 (8.44%) Test Automation
10 1,707 (8.34%) Continuous Integration
11 1,381 (6.75%) Web Development
12 1,371 (6.70%) Business Intelligence
13 1,369 (6.69%) OO
14 1,336 (6.53%) Software Engineering
15 1,159 (5.66%) Unit Testing
16 1,098 (5.37%) Problem-Solving
17 939 (4.59%) SDLC
18 921 (4.50%) E-Commerce
19 872 (4.26%) Analytics
20 858 (4.19%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 7,279 (35.57%) JavaScript
2 6,038 (29.50%) Java
3 4,710 (23.01%) SQL
4 4,709 (23.01%) C#
5 2,209 (10.79%) Python
6 1,472 (7.19%) Java 8
7 1,156 (5.65%) TypeScript
8 1,066 (5.21%) PHP
9 858 (4.19%) ES6
10 768 (3.75%) T-SQL
11 711 (3.47%) C++
12 650 (3.18%) Scala
13 542 (2.65%) Ruby
14 447 (2.18%) PL/SQL
15 350 (1.71%) C
16 342 (1.67%) PowerShell
17 315 (1.54%) VB.NET
18 296 (1.45%) Kotlin
19 281 (1.37%) VBA
20 275 (1.34%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 1,016 (4.96%) Security Cleared
2 773 (3.78%) SC Cleared
3 721 (3.52%) Degree
4 173 (0.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 171 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
6 101 (0.49%) DV Cleared
7 70 (0.34%) DBS Check
8 54 (0.26%) AWS Certification
9 39 (0.19%) Master's Degree
10 31 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
11 28 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
11 28 (0.14%) PhD
12 25 (0.12%) Sun Certification
13 24 (0.12%) Numerate Degree
14 20 (0.098%) OCPJP
15 18 (0.088%) ISTQB
16 15 (0.073%) BC Cleared
17 14 (0.068%) ITIL Certification
18 13 (0.064%) MCSE
19 10 (0.049%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 564 (2.76%) QA
2 123 (0.60%) Data Quality
3 77 (0.38%) WCAG
4 55 (0.27%) GDPR
5 34 (0.17%) SLA
6 33 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
7 29 (0.14%) PSD2
8 19 (0.093%) MiFID
9 17 (0.083%) PCI DSS
10 16 (0.078%) MISRA
11 14 (0.068%) IFRS
12 11 (0.054%) GxP
12 11 (0.054%) PMO
13 10 (0.049%) COREP
13 10 (0.049%) FINREP
14 9 (0.044%) MISRA C
15 8 (0.039%) HL7
16 6 (0.029%) EMIR
16 6 (0.029%) ISO 9001
16 6 (0.029%) Solvency II
System Software
1 2,046 (10.00%) Docker
2 152 (0.74%) Active Directory
3 71 (0.35%) HDFS
4 56 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
5 50 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
6 42 (0.21%) vSphere
7 34 (0.17%) OpenAM
8 28 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
9 26 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 16 (0.078%) Postfix
11 12 (0.059%) Firmware
12 11 (0.054%) Apache Flume
13 9 (0.044%) OpenDJ
13 9 (0.044%) VirtualBox
14 6 (0.029%) OpenIDM
14 6 (0.029%) Time Sharing Option
14 6 (0.029%) Xen
15 4 (0.020%) Slurm Workload Manager
15 4 (0.020%) Varnish
16 3 (0.015%) LXC
Systems Management
1 1,112 (5.43%) Kubernetes
2 422 (2.06%) Ansible
3 420 (2.05%) Terraform
4 179 (0.87%) Puppet
5 107 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
6 75 (0.37%) Kibana
6 75 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
7 62 (0.30%) Grafana
8 42 (0.21%) Hadoop YARN
9 39 (0.19%) SCCM
10 32 (0.16%) Control-M
10 32 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
11 28 (0.14%) logstash
12 26 (0.13%) Mesos
13 21 (0.10%) Marathon
14 20 (0.098%) Rancher
15 18 (0.088%) Microsoft Intune
15 18 (0.088%) SCOM
15 18 (0.088%) Tivoli
16 17 (0.083%) Istio
Vendors
1 1,813 (8.86%) Microsoft
2 1,499 (7.32%) Oracle
3 496 (2.42%) Google
4 420 (2.05%) Salesforce.com
5 397 (1.94%) SAP
6 269 (1.31%) Tableau
7 250 (1.22%) Adobe
8 221 (1.08%) ServiceNow
9 202 (0.99%) IBM
10 193 (0.94%) MuleSoft
11 158 (0.77%) Xamarin
12 153 (0.75%) Atlassian
13 148 (0.72%) Sitecore
14 142 (0.69%) Splunk
15 117 (0.57%) Informatica
16 102 (0.50%) hybris
17 100 (0.49%) WSO2
18 98 (0.48%) Zend
19 97 (0.47%) Talend
20 94 (0.46%) Red Hat