Period
to 16 July 2018

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £463 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 16 July 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
16 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 2 1 1
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 25,773 23,181 23,689
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 27.24% 26.52% 23.30%
As % of the Job Titles category 28.73% 27.92% 24.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,080 16,822 17,235
England median daily rate £463 £445 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.93% +7.23% +3.75%
10th Percentile £319 £310 £288
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 151 217 269
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +0.59% +12.67%
10th Percentile £14.50 £25.00 £19.62
90th Percentile £70.63 £57.50 £57.10
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.25
% change year-on-year - +0.59% +12.67%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 89,702 83,014 96,750
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.82% 94.96% 95.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 59,311 54,112 63,724
England median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £258
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,888 2,684 2,886
England median hourly rate £18.70 £18.50 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.08% -2.63% +8.57%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.75 £47.00
UK median hourly rate £18.09 £18.70 £19.50
% change year-on-year -3.26% -4.13% +11.43%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 16 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 16 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 16 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 14,506 £500 +2.04% 3,273
South East -1 3,936 £425 +6.25% 1,331
North of England -1 3,452 £390 +4.00% 1,578
Midlands -1 1,733 £400 +6.67% 819
North West 0 1,699 £387 +3.20% 951
Yorkshire 0 1,459 £400 +4.23% 516
South West -1 1,214 £400 +3.23% 644
West Midlands 0 1,058 £400 +6.67% 474
East of England 0 877 £425 +6.25% 606
East Midlands -1 667 £388 +3.33% 344
North East +1 299 £375 +7.14% 111
South Coast +1 3 - -
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 16 July 2018, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 10,383 (40.29%) Agile Software Development
2 9,369 (36.35%) JavaScript
3 7,900 (30.65%) Java
4 6,961 (27.01%) HTML
5 6,386 (24.78%) CSS
6 5,986 (23.23%) C#
7 5,954 (23.10%) SQL
8 5,740 (22.27%) TDD
9 5,554 (21.55%) .NET
10 4,872 (18.90%) AngularJS
11 4,676 (18.14%) Finance
12 3,878 (15.05%) SQL Server
13 3,799 (14.74%) Git (software)
14 3,400 (13.19%) React
15 3,300 (12.80%) MVC
16 3,167 (12.29%) HTML5
17 3,103 (12.04%) Scrum
18 3,032 (11.76%) Node.js
19 2,856 (11.08%) Front End Development
20 2,855 (11.08%) Microservices
21 2,833 (10.99%) Spring
22 2,663 (10.33%) Web Services
22 2,663 (10.33%) REST
23 2,559 (9.93%) Banking
24 2,508 (9.73%) Continuous Integration
25 2,458 (9.54%) BDD
26 2,431 (9.43%) RESTful
27 2,383 (9.25%) Amazon AWS
28 2,362 (9.16%) Python
29 2,347 (9.11%) ASP.NET

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 652 (2.53%) CMS
2 601 (2.33%) Elasticsearch
3 592 (2.30%) Apache
4 553 (2.15%) Apache Spark
4 553 (2.15%) Tomcat
5 497 (1.93%) Confluence
6 444 (1.72%) SharePoint
7 402 (1.56%) WebSphere
8 305 (1.18%) WordPress
9 262 (1.02%) Drupal
10 239 (0.93%) WebLogic
11 238 (0.92%) JBoss
12 189 (0.73%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 185 (0.72%) IIS
14 182 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 161 (0.62%) Mule
15 161 (0.62%) Umbraco
16 154 (0.60%) NServiceBus
17 139 (0.54%) SAS
18 137 (0.53%) OpenStack
Applications
1 406 (1.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 177 (0.69%) Photoshop
3 138 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
4 71 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
5 56 (0.22%) MS Visio
6 45 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
7 44 (0.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 40 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 33 (0.13%) GIMP
10 27 (0.10%) Chatbot
10 27 (0.10%) InfoPath
11 20 (0.078%) InVision
12 19 (0.074%) OmniGraffle
13 16 (0.062%) Microsoft Project
14 11 (0.043%) Fireworks
15 8 (0.031%) InDesign
16 7 (0.027%) Maya
17 6 (0.023%) Stata
18 5 (0.019%) Acrobat
18 5 (0.019%) Adobe Captivate
Business Applications
1 278 (1.08%) Dynamics CRM
2 199 (0.77%) Magento
3 97 (0.38%) ION MarketView
4 63 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
5 47 (0.18%) Markit EDM
6 42 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
7 34 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
7 34 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
8 33 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
9 31 (0.12%) Cognos TM1
10 26 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
11 25 (0.097%) Remedy ITSM
12 24 (0.093%) Oracle Receivables
13 23 (0.089%) Elite 3E
13 23 (0.089%) SAP S/4HANA
14 20 (0.078%) Maximo
14 20 (0.078%) thinkFolio
15 17 (0.066%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 17 (0.066%) Oracle Payables
16 16 (0.062%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 2,383 (9.25%) Amazon AWS
2 2,227 (8.64%) Microsoft Azure
3 571 (2.22%) GitHub
4 393 (1.52%) Serverless
5 386 (1.50%) npm
6 300 (1.16%) Google Cloud Platform
7 230 (0.89%) PaaS
8 189 (0.73%) Cloud Computing
9 186 (0.72%) AWS Lambda
10 185 (0.72%) SaaS
11 183 (0.71%) Amazon S3
12 178 (0.69%) Amazon EC2
13 168 (0.65%) Dynamics 365
14 120 (0.47%) Office 365
15 116 (0.45%) Heroku
16 113 (0.44%) OpenShift
17 106 (0.41%) IaaS
18 76 (0.29%) Salesforce Service Cloud
19 72 (0.28%) Amazon SQS
20 63 (0.24%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 564 (2.19%) HTTP
2 188 (0.73%) Internet
3 177 (0.69%) TCP/IP
4 148 (0.57%) SMS
5 121 (0.47%) SSL
6 105 (0.41%) FTP
7 67 (0.26%) Kerberos
8 63 (0.24%) Intranet
9 60 (0.23%) DNS
10 39 (0.15%) AMQP
11 32 (0.12%) Skype
12 29 (0.11%) Bluetooth
13 27 (0.10%) HTTPS
13 27 (0.10%) SMTP
14 25 (0.097%) SSH
15 22 (0.085%) Firewall
16 17 (0.066%) VPN
17 16 (0.062%) Wi-Fi
18 15 (0.058%) RTMP
19 14 (0.054%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,878 (15.05%) SQL Server
2 1,374 (5.33%) Relational Database
3 1,347 (5.23%) NoSQL
4 1,333 (5.17%) MySQL
5 1,134 (4.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1,114 (4.32%) PostgreSQL
7 1,035 (4.02%) MongoDB
8 938 (3.64%) Data Warehouse
9 919 (3.57%) Big Data
10 876 (3.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 656 (2.55%) Hadoop
12 460 (1.78%) Power BI
13 458 (1.78%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 418 (1.62%) Oracle Database
15 399 (1.55%) RDBMS
16 381 (1.48%) SQL Server 2012
17 365 (1.42%) Apache Cassandra
18 349 (1.35%) Redis
19 262 (1.02%) SQL Server 2008
20 259 (1.00%) HBase
Development Applications
1 3,799 (14.74%) Git (software)
2 2,132 (8.27%) Jenkins
3 1,312 (5.09%) JIRA
4 1,212 (4.70%) Maven
5 831 (3.22%) Visual Studio
6 809 (3.14%) JUnit
7 695 (2.70%) Selenium
8 679 (2.63%) webpack
9 657 (2.55%) Subversion
10 653 (2.53%) Team Foundation Server
11 584 (2.27%) gulp
12 538 (2.09%) TeamCity
13 533 (2.07%) Cucumber
14 452 (1.75%) Jasmine
15 445 (1.73%) Grunt
16 411 (1.59%) Mockito
17 401 (1.56%) NUnit
18 383 (1.49%) Gradle
19 318 (1.23%) Octopus Deploy
20 294 (1.14%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 4,676 (18.14%) Finance
2 2,559 (9.93%) Banking
3 1,378 (5.35%) Front Office
4 795 (3.08%) Investment Banking
5 792 (3.07%) Retail
6 509 (1.97%) Marketing
7 397 (1.54%) Telecoms
8 373 (1.45%) Games
9 260 (1.01%) Law
10 238 (0.92%) Manufacturing
11 228 (0.88%) Advertising
12 217 (0.84%) Financial Institution
13 189 (0.73%) Back Office
14 159 (0.62%) Legal
15 142 (0.55%) Electronics
16 119 (0.46%) Publishing
17 98 (0.38%) Automotive
18 87 (0.34%) Retail Banking
19 51 (0.20%) General Ledger
20 48 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,961 (27.01%) HTML
2 6,386 (24.78%) CSS
3 5,554 (21.55%) .NET
4 4,872 (18.90%) AngularJS
5 3,400 (13.19%) React
6 3,167 (12.29%) HTML5
7 3,032 (11.76%) Node.js
8 2,833 (10.99%) Spring
9 2,663 (10.33%) REST
9 2,663 (10.33%) Web Services
10 2,431 (9.43%) RESTful
11 2,347 (9.11%) ASP.NET
12 2,339 (9.08%) jQuery
13 2,147 (8.33%) CSS3
14 1,593 (6.18%) XML
15 1,534 (5.95%) JSON
16 1,399 (5.43%) ASP.NET Web API
17 1,357 (5.27%) Sass
18 1,251 (4.85%) ASP.NET MVC
19 1,236 (4.80%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 1,824 (7.08%) Greenfield Project
2 1,566 (6.08%) User Experience
3 1,005 (3.90%) Analytical Skills
4 826 (3.20%) Mobile App
5 750 (2.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 708 (2.75%) Fintech
7 673 (2.61%) Computer Science
8 530 (2.06%) Fixed Income
9 521 (2.02%) Derivative
10 477 (1.85%) Algorithms
11 406 (1.58%) Enterprise Software
12 367 (1.42%) Data Structures
13 314 (1.22%) Equities
13 314 (1.22%) Self-Motivation
14 252 (0.98%) Hedge funds
15 156 (0.61%) Equity Derivative
16 146 (0.57%) Linux Command Line
17 130 (0.50%) Virtual Team
18 124 (0.48%) Management Information System
19 118 (0.46%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 2,161 (8.38%) Linux
2 1,150 (4.46%) Unix
3 913 (3.54%) Android
4 889 (3.45%) Windows
5 763 (2.96%) Apple iOS
6 96 (0.37%) Ubuntu
7 94 (0.36%) Mac OS X
8 87 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 76 (0.29%) Windows Server
10 69 (0.27%) VMS
11 63 (0.24%) CentOS
12 57 (0.22%) Solaris
13 47 (0.18%) AIX
14 41 (0.16%) Mac OS
15 28 (0.11%) Windows 10
16 25 (0.097%) Windows 7
17 24 (0.093%) Windows Server 2012
18 17 (0.066%) Windows Server 2008
19 15 (0.058%) Oracle Linux
20 14 (0.054%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,383 (40.29%) Agile Software Development
2 5,740 (22.27%) TDD
3 3,300 (12.80%) MVC
4 3,103 (12.04%) Scrum
5 2,856 (11.08%) Front End Development
6 2,855 (11.08%) Microservices
7 2,508 (9.73%) Continuous Integration
8 2,458 (9.54%) BDD
9 2,277 (8.83%) OO
10 2,017 (7.83%) Test Automation
11 2,005 (7.78%) Web Development
12 1,850 (7.18%) DevOps
13 1,691 (6.56%) Unit Testing
14 1,572 (6.10%) E-Commerce
15 1,502 (5.83%) Software Engineering
16 1,493 (5.79%) Problem-Solving
17 1,483 (5.75%) Business Intelligence
18 1,166 (4.52%) Multithreading
19 1,066 (4.14%) SDLC
20 1,063 (4.12%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 9,369 (36.35%) JavaScript
2 7,900 (30.65%) Java
3 5,986 (23.23%) C#
4 5,954 (23.10%) SQL
5 2,362 (9.16%) Python
6 1,960 (7.60%) Java 8
7 1,416 (5.49%) PHP
8 1,046 (4.06%) TypeScript
9 1,043 (4.05%) C++
10 1,031 (4.00%) ES6
11 989 (3.84%) Scala
12 988 (3.83%) T-SQL
13 597 (2.32%) PL/SQL
14 555 (2.15%) Ruby
15 367 (1.42%) VB.NET
16 360 (1.40%) Go
17 349 (1.35%) C
18 339 (1.32%) PowerShell
19 330 (1.28%) Shell Script
20 324 (1.26%) VBA
Qualifications
1 1,129 (4.38%) Security Cleared
2 997 (3.87%) Degree
3 852 (3.31%) SC Cleared
4 310 (1.20%) Computer Science Degree
5 120 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
6 93 (0.36%) DV Cleared
7 77 (0.30%) Master's Degree
8 58 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
9 55 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
10 40 (0.16%) PhD
11 33 (0.13%) DBS Check
12 23 (0.089%) ITIL Certification
13 21 (0.081%) AWS Certification
14 19 (0.074%) BC Cleared
15 18 (0.070%) CTC Cleared
16 16 (0.062%) Siebel Certification
17 14 (0.054%) Oracle Certification
18 12 (0.047%) ISTQB
18 12 (0.047%) MCSE
19 8 (0.031%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 589 (2.29%) QA
2 174 (0.68%) Data Quality
3 105 (0.41%) GDPR
4 101 (0.39%) GCP
5 59 (0.23%) SLA
6 56 (0.22%) MiFID
7 55 (0.21%) PCI DSS
8 38 (0.15%) PMO
9 37 (0.14%) WCAG
10 34 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
11 24 (0.093%) EMIR
12 19 (0.074%) Dodd-Frank
13 17 (0.066%) WAI
14 15 (0.058%) HL7
15 13 (0.050%) ISO/IEC 27001
16 8 (0.031%) IFRS
16 8 (0.031%) SEPA
16 8 (0.031%) Solvency II
17 7 (0.027%) CDISC
18 6 (0.023%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 1,927 (7.48%) Docker
2 142 (0.55%) HDFS
3 99 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 89 (0.35%) Active Directory
5 46 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
6 44 (0.17%) Apache Flume
7 28 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
8 27 (0.10%) vSphere
9 20 (0.078%) Hyper-V
10 16 (0.062%) Firmware
11 14 (0.054%) VirtualBox
12 8 (0.031%) Oracle RAC
13 7 (0.027%) Platform Symphony
14 6 (0.023%) etcd
14 6 (0.023%) Microsoft App-V
14 6 (0.023%) Time Sharing Option
14 6 (0.023%) Varnish
14 6 (0.023%) VMware ESXi
15 5 (0.019%) OpenAM
15 5 (0.019%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 520 (2.02%) Ansible
2 514 (1.99%) Kubernetes
3 417 (1.62%) Puppet
4 331 (1.28%) Terraform
5 311 (1.21%) Opscode Chef
6 116 (0.45%) Hadoop YARN
7 76 (0.29%) Grafana
8 75 (0.29%) Kibana
9 72 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
10 57 (0.22%) Mesos
11 52 (0.20%) Salt
12 44 (0.17%) Oozie
13 40 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
14 35 (0.14%) logstash
15 31 (0.12%) Control-M
16 29 (0.11%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
17 28 (0.11%) Marathon
17 28 (0.11%) Prometheus
18 25 (0.097%) Rancher
19 24 (0.093%) Business Desktop Deployment
Vendors
1 2,164 (8.40%) Microsoft
2 2,145 (8.32%) Oracle
3 549 (2.13%) Google
4 499 (1.94%) SAP
5 391 (1.52%) Salesforce.com
6 374 (1.45%) IBM
7 368 (1.43%) Adobe
8 329 (1.28%) Tableau
9 261 (1.01%) Sitecore
10 198 (0.77%) ServiceNow
11 176 (0.68%) TIBCO
12 174 (0.68%) Sybase
13 157 (0.61%) Capita
14 147 (0.57%) MuleSoft
15 146 (0.57%) Atlassian
16 137 (0.53%) Xamarin
17 135 (0.52%) Zend
18 127 (0.49%) Informatica
19 123 (0.48%) Cognos
20 113 (0.44%) Splunk