Period
to 27 May 2020

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £488 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 27 May 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
27 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 9,938 20,563 24,223
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 23.58% 24.80% 26.30%
As % of the Job Titles category 25.14% 26.23% 27.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,345 15,571 18,358
Median daily rate £488 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +3.26% +8.24%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 113 134 138
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.60% +7.50% -3.61%
10th Percentile £20.50 £24.25 £12.13
90th Percentile £57.90 £61.43 £71.94
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +6.25% -5.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 39,538 78,404 87,320
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.80% 94.58% 94.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,271 52,128 57,793
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.65%
10th Percentile £251 £280 £273
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £465 £473 £450
% change year-on-year -1.59% +5.00% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,581 2,416 2,734
Median hourly rate £21.00 £19.50 £18.51
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.69% +5.33% -2.57%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £51.75 £50.96 £48.00
Median hourly rate £21.50 £19.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year +13.16% +5.56% -5.26%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 27 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 27 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 27 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 5,811 £525 - 934
South East 0 1,163 £438 -2.78% 361
North of England 0 1,082 £400 -5.88% 602
South West -1 771 £450 - 245
Midlands -1 591 £414 +0.30% 288
North West 0 546 £420 +2.13% 323
East of England 0 433 £443 +1.14% 176
Yorkshire 0 418 £400 -5.88% 188
West Midlands -2 373 £425 - 173
East Midlands 0 216 £400 - 115
North East -2 122 £400 -5.88% 91
South Coast +4 1 - -
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 27 May 2020, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 3,851 (38.75%) Agile Software Development
2 3,028 (30.47%) JavaScript
3 2,994 (30.13%) Java
4 2,318 (23.32%) SQL
5 2,090 (21.03%) C#
6 1,961 (19.73%) .NET
7 1,825 (18.36%) Finance
8 1,793 (18.04%) HTML
9 1,702 (17.13%) Azure
10 1,694 (17.05%) CSS
11 1,618 (16.28%) TDD
12 1,509 (15.18%) AngularJS
13 1,495 (15.04%) AWS
14 1,456 (14.65%) React
15 1,402 (14.11%) Microservices
16 1,375 (13.84%) SQL Server
17 1,315 (13.23%) Python
18 1,296 (13.04%) DevOps
19 1,289 (12.97%) Git (software)
20 1,150 (11.57%) Web Services
21 1,114 (11.21%) Scrum
22 1,048 (10.55%) Node.js
23 1,029 (10.35%) Docker
24 1,006 (10.12%) Spring
25 937 (9.43%) Banking
26 934 (9.40%) Front End Development
27 927 (9.33%) Security Cleared
28 884 (8.90%) Microsoft
29 868 (8.73%) Test Automation
30 846 (8.51%) REST

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 253 (2.55%) Elasticsearch
2 202 (2.03%) Confluence
3 183 (1.84%) CMS
4 177 (1.78%) SharePoint
5 133 (1.34%) Apache Spark
6 130 (1.31%) Apache
7 108 (1.09%) WebLogic
8 102 (1.03%) Tomcat
9 89 (0.90%) WebSphere
10 86 (0.87%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 85 (0.86%) Drupal
12 74 (0.74%) WordPress
13 73 (0.73%) IIS
14 50 (0.50%) SAS
15 49 (0.49%) Umbraco
16 47 (0.47%) Red Hat Fuse
17 42 (0.42%) Cloud Foundry
18 40 (0.40%) BizTalk Server
19 39 (0.39%) Mule
19 39 (0.39%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 187 (1.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 50 (0.50%) Photoshop
3 49 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
4 35 (0.35%) Sketch
5 15 (0.15%) Chatbot
6 14 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
7 13 (0.13%) InVision
8 12 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 10 (0.10%) Acrobat
9 10 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
10 9 (0.091%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 8 (0.080%) Figma
11 8 (0.080%) MS Visio
12 6 (0.060%) Adobe XD
12 6 (0.060%) Zeplin
13 5 (0.050%) Adobe Captivate
14 4 (0.040%) InfoPath
14 4 (0.040%) Lectora
14 4 (0.040%) Microsoft Project
15 3 (0.030%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 147 (1.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 84 (0.85%) Magento
3 39 (0.39%) Oracle Payables
4 32 (0.32%) Maximo
5 31 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
6 27 (0.27%) Oracle Receivables
7 24 (0.24%) BusinessWorks
8 22 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 21 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
9 21 (0.21%) Oracle Cash Management
9 21 (0.21%) Shopify
10 19 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
11 16 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
11 16 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
12 15 (0.15%) Oracle EBS R12
13 14 (0.14%) ION MarketView
13 14 (0.14%) NetSuite
14 13 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
14 13 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
15 12 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 1,702 (17.13%) Azure
2 1,495 (15.04%) AWS
3 476 (4.79%) Power Platform
4 357 (3.59%) GCP
5 334 (3.36%) Serverless
6 285 (2.87%) GitHub
7 212 (2.13%) AWS Lambda
8 187 (1.88%) SaaS
9 148 (1.49%) Amazon EC2
10 143 (1.44%) Amazon S3
11 130 (1.31%) Dynamics 365
12 116 (1.17%) PaaS
13 101 (1.02%) OpenShift
14 97 (0.98%) Amazon SQS
15 92 (0.93%) AWS CloudFormation
16 86 (0.87%) npm
17 83 (0.84%) Amazon ECS
18 59 (0.59%) PowerApps
19 57 (0.57%) Logic Apps
20 50 (0.50%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 174 (1.75%) HTTP
2 76 (0.76%) HTTPS
3 62 (0.62%) TCP/IP
4 52 (0.52%) Internet
5 51 (0.51%) IPv6
6 49 (0.49%) IPv4
7 44 (0.44%) SSL
8 38 (0.38%) Wi-Fi
9 30 (0.30%) DHCP
9 30 (0.30%) Wireshark
10 28 (0.28%) DNS
11 24 (0.24%) FTP
12 21 (0.21%) Skype
13 20 (0.20%) Ethernet
14 19 (0.19%) Intranet
15 18 (0.18%) Firewall
16 14 (0.14%) RTMP
17 13 (0.13%) VoIP
18 12 (0.12%) DMZ
18 12 (0.12%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,375 (13.84%) SQL Server
2 474 (4.77%) MySQL
3 436 (4.39%) Power BI
4 419 (4.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 417 (4.20%) Relational Database
6 398 (4.00%) Data Warehouse
7 341 (3.43%) MongoDB
8 328 (3.30%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 320 (3.22%) PostgreSQL
10 319 (3.21%) NoSQL
11 223 (2.24%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 208 (2.09%) Big Data
13 149 (1.50%) Oracle Database
14 148 (1.49%) Redis
15 129 (1.30%) Amazon RDS
16 117 (1.18%) Azure SQL Database
17 115 (1.16%) Hadoop
18 113 (1.14%) RDBMS
19 82 (0.83%) Amazon Redshift
20 69 (0.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,289 (12.97%) Git (software)
2 716 (7.20%) Jenkins
3 481 (4.84%) JIRA
4 346 (3.48%) Maven
5 298 (3.00%) JUnit
6 229 (2.30%) Visual Studio
7 221 (2.22%) Mockito
8 208 (2.09%) Selenium
9 190 (1.91%) Team Foundation Server
10 176 (1.77%) Cucumber
11 166 (1.67%) TeamCity
12 153 (1.54%) Gradle
13 145 (1.46%) Subversion
14 142 (1.43%) Bitbucket
15 137 (1.38%) webpack
16 130 (1.31%) GitLab
17 106 (1.07%) Jasmine
18 99 (1.00%) gulp
19 95 (0.96%) Octopus Deploy
20 87 (0.88%) Xcode
General
1 1,825 (18.36%) Finance
2 937 (9.43%) Banking
3 716 (7.20%) Front Office
4 547 (5.50%) Public Sector
5 408 (4.11%) Investment Banking
6 227 (2.28%) Retail
7 167 (1.68%) Marketing
8 145 (1.46%) Law
9 114 (1.15%) Games
9 114 (1.15%) Telecoms
10 79 (0.79%) Manufacturing
11 70 (0.70%) Financial Institution
12 67 (0.67%) Back Office
13 62 (0.62%) Electronics
14 48 (0.48%) Legal
15 42 (0.42%) Publishing
16 38 (0.38%) Retail Banking
17 36 (0.36%) Advertising
18 32 (0.32%) General Ledger
19 29 (0.29%) Local Government
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,961 (19.73%) .NET
2 1,793 (18.04%) HTML
3 1,694 (17.05%) CSS
4 1,509 (15.18%) AngularJS
5 1,456 (14.65%) React
6 1,150 (11.57%) Web Services
7 1,048 (10.55%) Node.js
8 1,006 (10.12%) Spring
9 846 (8.51%) REST
10 803 (8.08%) RESTful
11 688 (6.92%) HTML5
12 650 (6.54%) ASP.NET
13 613 (6.17%) Spring Boot
14 481 (4.84%) .NET Core
14 481 (4.84%) Redux
15 454 (4.57%) SOAP
16 439 (4.42%) JSON
17 428 (4.31%) .NET Framework
18 427 (4.30%) XML
19 406 (4.09%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 581 (5.85%) Greenfield Project
2 568 (5.72%) User Experience
3 517 (5.20%) Analytical Skills
4 393 (3.95%) Fixed Income
5 384 (3.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 277 (2.79%) Mobile App
7 268 (2.70%) Derivative
8 214 (2.15%) Equities
9 208 (2.09%) Hedge funds
10 166 (1.67%) Algorithms
11 158 (1.59%) Data Structures
12 146 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
13 101 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
14 75 (0.75%) Cloud Native
15 63 (0.63%) Virtual Team
16 52 (0.52%) NHS
17 46 (0.46%) Credit Risk
18 44 (0.44%) Public Cloud
19 43 (0.43%) Blog
19 43 (0.43%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 676 (6.80%) Linux
2 403 (4.06%) Android
3 316 (3.18%) Apple iOS
4 313 (3.15%) Unix
5 293 (2.95%) Windows
6 82 (0.83%) Mac OS X
7 72 (0.72%) Windows Server
8 32 (0.32%) Mac OS
9 31 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 21 (0.21%) CentOS
11 17 (0.17%) AIX
12 15 (0.15%) Ubuntu
12 15 (0.15%) Windows 10
13 14 (0.14%) Solaris
14 13 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
14 13 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
15 12 (0.12%) Debian
16 11 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
17 8 (0.080%) VME
17 8 (0.080%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,851 (38.75%) Agile Software Development
2 1,618 (16.28%) TDD
3 1,402 (14.11%) Microservices
4 1,296 (13.04%) DevOps
5 1,114 (11.21%) Scrum
6 934 (9.40%) Front End Development
7 868 (8.73%) Test Automation
8 766 (7.71%) Software Engineering
9 757 (7.62%) Business Intelligence
10 752 (7.57%) MVC
11 678 (6.82%) BDD
12 659 (6.63%) Continuous Integration
13 582 (5.86%) Web Development
14 547 (5.50%) OO
15 544 (5.47%) Problem-Solving
16 478 (4.81%) Unit Testing
17 470 (4.73%) SDLC
18 456 (4.59%) Migration
19 450 (4.53%) Pair Programming
20 427 (4.30%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 3,028 (30.47%) JavaScript
2 2,994 (30.13%) Java
3 2,318 (23.32%) SQL
4 2,090 (21.03%) C#
5 1,315 (13.23%) Python
6 659 (6.63%) Java 8
7 623 (6.27%) TypeScript
8 443 (4.46%) PHP
9 393 (3.95%) T-SQL
10 366 (3.68%) C++
11 283 (2.85%) PL/SQL
12 280 (2.82%) Ruby
13 278 (2.80%) Kotlin
14 256 (2.58%) Scala
15 240 (2.41%) ES6
16 218 (2.19%) C
17 198 (1.99%) PowerShell
18 180 (1.81%) Shell Script
19 162 (1.63%) Apple Swift
20 130 (1.31%) VBA
Qualifications
1 927 (9.33%) Security Cleared
2 753 (7.58%) SC Cleared
3 402 (4.05%) Degree
4 175 (1.76%) Computer Science Degree
5 85 (0.86%) BPSS Clearance
6 74 (0.74%) DV Cleared
7 50 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
8 34 (0.34%) DBS Check
9 26 (0.26%) Master's Degree
10 19 (0.19%) BC Cleared
11 18 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
12 12 (0.12%) Numerate Degree
13 11 (0.11%) AWS Certification
14 9 (0.091%) MCITP
14 9 (0.091%) PhD
15 8 (0.080%) MCSD
16 7 (0.070%) Postgraduate
17 6 (0.060%) ISTQB
17 6 (0.060%) MCPD
17 6 (0.060%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 247 (2.49%) QA
2 71 (0.71%) Data Quality
3 47 (0.47%) WCAG
4 25 (0.25%) GDPR
5 18 (0.18%) SLA
6 15 (0.15%) MiFID
7 12 (0.12%) HL7
8 11 (0.11%) PMO
9 8 (0.080%) Solvency II
10 7 (0.070%) Disclosure Scotland
11 5 (0.050%) Basel III
11 5 (0.050%) PSD2
12 4 (0.040%) IFRS
13 3 (0.030%) PCI DSS
14 1 (0.010%) DICOM
14 1 (0.010%) EMIR
14 1 (0.010%) HIPAA
14 1 (0.010%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 1 (0.010%) JTAG
14 1 (0.010%) WAI
System Software
1 1,029 (10.35%) Docker
2 96 (0.97%) Active Directory
3 22 (0.22%) HDFS
4 21 (0.21%) Postfix
5 15 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
6 12 (0.12%) OpenAM
6 12 (0.12%) OpenDJ
7 11 (0.11%) NFS
8 9 (0.091%) VMware Infrastructure
9 8 (0.080%) vSphere
10 5 (0.050%) Firmware
10 5 (0.050%) VirtualBox
11 4 (0.040%) Apache Flume
11 4 (0.040%) NDS
11 4 (0.040%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 4 (0.040%) zsh
12 2 (0.020%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 2 (0.020%) BusyBox
12 2 (0.020%) LXC
12 2 (0.020%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 726 (7.31%) Kubernetes
2 241 (2.43%) Terraform
3 94 (0.95%) Ansible
4 40 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
5 32 (0.32%) Kibana
6 30 (0.30%) Prometheus
7 29 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
8 23 (0.23%) Puppet
9 21 (0.21%) logstash
10 20 (0.20%) MIIS
10 20 (0.20%) Zipkin
11 17 (0.17%) Grafana
12 10 (0.10%) Consul
12 10 (0.10%) Docker Swarm
12 10 (0.10%) Hadoop YARN
13 7 (0.070%) Oozie
13 7 (0.070%) Packer
13 7 (0.070%) Tivoli
14 6 (0.060%) Mesos
15 5 (0.050%) Istio
Vendors
1 884 (8.90%) Microsoft
2 830 (8.35%) Oracle
3 308 (3.10%) Google
4 232 (2.33%) SAP
5 214 (2.15%) Salesforce.com
6 132 (1.33%) Tableau
7 90 (0.91%) IBM
8 86 (0.87%) Adobe
9 72 (0.72%) ServiceNow
10 64 (0.64%) webMethods
11 62 (0.62%) Informatica
12 61 (0.61%) Talend
12 61 (0.61%) Xamarin
13 60 (0.60%) Sitecore
13 60 (0.60%) TIBCO
14 56 (0.56%) Atlassian
15 53 (0.53%) BEA
16 44 (0.44%) ION Trading
17 43 (0.43%) MuleSoft
18 39 (0.39%) hybris