Period
to 27 September 2020

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £489 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
27 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 2 2 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 6,191 19,544 26,223
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 24.39% 24.37% 27.97%
As % of the Job Titles category 26.37% 25.87% 29.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,878 14,752 19,876
Median daily rate £489 £475 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.95% +1.06% +4.44%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £325
90th Percentile £700 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 85 132 158
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.54% -0.57% +2.94%
10th Percentile £21.35 £25.00 £19.25
90th Percentile £54.00 £61.25 £64.31
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £43.25
% change year-on-year -17.65% -1.73% +1.76%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 23,480 75,552 88,787
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.52% 94.21% 94.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,018 50,192 59,095
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £263 £263 £275
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 916 2,517 2,816
Median hourly rate £30.00 £20.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +50.00% +11.11% -3.74%
10th Percentile £11.63 £11.17 £11.05
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.30 £48.75
Median hourly rate £30.00 £20.00 £17.51
% change year-on-year +50.00% +14.25% -7.87%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 27 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 3,992 £525 - 1,462
North of England +1 690 £413 +0.61% 911
South East -2 476 £450 +4.65% 595
North West 0 389 £401 +0.13% 513
South West -1 361 £450 +5.88% 414
Midlands -2 281 £375 -9.09% 502
Yorkshire 0 244 £418 -1.76% 282
East of England 0 211 £455 +7.06% 275
West Midlands -5 178 £400 -5.88% 280
East Midlands -2 101 £355 -11.25% 220
North East -2 56 £400 -5.88% 116
South Coast +1 1 - -
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 27 September 2020, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 2,297 (37.10%) Agile Software Development
2 2,184 (35.28%) Java
3 1,749 (28.25%) JavaScript
4 1,394 (22.52%) Finance
5 1,390 (22.45%) SQL
6 1,205 (19.46%) AWS
7 1,199 (19.37%) Azure
8 1,101 (17.78%) Python
9 1,006 (16.25%) HTML
10 1,002 (16.18%) C#
11 976 (15.76%) Banking
12 952 (15.38%) .NET
13 923 (14.91%) Microservices
14 922 (14.89%) CSS
15 919 (14.84%) React
16 909 (14.68%) TDD
17 902 (14.57%) AngularJS
18 898 (14.50%) DevOps
19 873 (14.10%) Git (software)
20 790 (12.76%) Web Services
21 750 (12.11%) SQL Server
22 748 (12.08%) Front Office
23 714 (11.53%) Docker
24 681 (11.00%) Software Engineering
25 677 (10.94%) Node.js
26 666 (10.76%) Security Cleared
27 649 (10.48%) Spring
28 588 (9.50%) Oracle
29 585 (9.45%) Scrum
30 573 (9.26%) Test Automation

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 150 (2.42%) Apache
2 130 (2.10%) SharePoint
3 126 (2.04%) Confluence
4 120 (1.94%) Apache Spark
5 102 (1.65%) Elasticsearch
6 82 (1.32%) CMS
7 68 (1.10%) Mule
7 68 (1.10%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 66 (1.07%) WebLogic
9 57 (0.92%) Red Hat Fuse
10 50 (0.81%) IIS
10 50 (0.81%) WebSphere
11 45 (0.73%) WordPress
12 44 (0.71%) JBoss
13 39 (0.63%) Tomcat
14 34 (0.55%) Oracle Service Bus
15 28 (0.45%) Oracle Workflow
16 27 (0.44%) Drupal
17 24 (0.39%) NServiceBus
17 24 (0.39%) Umbraco
Applications
1 87 (1.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (0.48%) Photoshop
4 22 (0.36%) Chatbot
5 19 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
6 14 (0.23%) MS Visio
7 9 (0.15%) Acrobat
7 9 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 9 (0.15%) Sketch
8 8 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
9 7 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 6 (0.097%) InfoPath
10 6 (0.097%) Zeplin
11 5 (0.081%) Figma
12 4 (0.065%) InVision
13 3 (0.048%) Adobe Captivate
13 3 (0.048%) Adobe XD
13 3 (0.048%) Microsoft Project
14 2 (0.032%) InDesign
14 2 (0.032%) Maya
Business Applications
1 68 (1.10%) Dynamics CRM
2 35 (0.57%) Oracle Payables
3 34 (0.55%) Magento
4 22 (0.36%) Oracle EBS
4 22 (0.36%) Oracle ERP
4 22 (0.36%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 20 (0.32%) ION MarketView
6 19 (0.31%) Oracle Cash Management
7 18 (0.29%) Maximo
8 17 (0.27%) Oracle Receivables
9 15 (0.24%) SunGard Martini
10 14 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
10 14 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
11 12 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
12 11 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
13 9 (0.15%) Shopify
14 8 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
15 7 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
15 7 (0.11%) Remedy AR System
15 7 (0.11%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 1,205 (19.46%) AWS
2 1,199 (19.37%) Azure
3 370 (5.98%) GCP
4 289 (4.67%) Serverless
5 250 (4.04%) Power Platform
6 232 (3.75%) AWS Lambda
7 145 (2.34%) Amazon S3
8 135 (2.18%) GitHub
9 120 (1.94%) Amazon EC2
10 90 (1.45%) Amazon ECS
11 85 (1.37%) Dynamics 365
12 71 (1.15%) Apigee
12 71 (1.15%) SaaS
13 65 (1.05%) PaaS
14 56 (0.90%) Amazon SQS
14 56 (0.90%) OpenShift
15 55 (0.89%) PowerApps
16 53 (0.86%) Office 365
17 52 (0.84%) npm
18 48 (0.78%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 76 (1.23%) HTTP
2 39 (0.63%) HTTPS
3 35 (0.57%) SSL
4 29 (0.47%) Firewall
5 26 (0.42%) TCP/IP
6 25 (0.40%) DNS
7 23 (0.37%) Internet
8 20 (0.32%) VPN
9 14 (0.23%) Intranet
9 14 (0.23%) Skype
10 12 (0.19%) DMZ
11 10 (0.16%) Bluetooth
12 9 (0.15%) FTP
13 8 (0.13%) IPv4
13 8 (0.13%) IPv6
14 7 (0.11%) DHCP
14 7 (0.11%) FIX Connectivity
14 7 (0.11%) Wi-Fi
14 7 (0.11%) Wireless
15 6 (0.097%) RTMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 750 (12.11%) SQL Server
2 327 (5.28%) MySQL
3 298 (4.81%) MongoDB
4 283 (4.57%) Relational Database
5 248 (4.01%) PostgreSQL
6 221 (3.57%) Power BI
7 218 (3.52%) NoSQL
8 200 (3.23%) Data Warehouse
9 196 (3.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 150 (2.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 141 (2.28%) Big Data
12 118 (1.91%) Oracle Database
13 101 (1.63%) Hadoop
14 94 (1.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 90 (1.45%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 79 (1.28%) Redis
17 77 (1.24%) Amazon Redshift
18 74 (1.20%) Amazon RDS
19 63 (1.02%) RDBMS
20 60 (0.97%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 873 (14.10%) Git (software)
2 487 (7.87%) Jenkins
3 245 (3.96%) JIRA
4 239 (3.86%) Maven
5 175 (2.83%) JUnit
6 127 (2.05%) Subversion
7 122 (1.97%) Visual Studio
8 121 (1.95%) GitLab
8 121 (1.95%) Mockito
9 95 (1.53%) Team Foundation Server
10 88 (1.42%) Selenium
11 87 (1.41%) Cucumber
12 83 (1.34%) Artifactory
13 79 (1.28%) gulp
14 75 (1.21%) webpack
15 74 (1.20%) Jasmine
16 73 (1.18%) RStudio
17 70 (1.13%) Gradle
18 67 (1.08%) TeamCity
19 57 (0.92%) Bitbucket
General
1 1,394 (22.52%) Finance
2 976 (15.76%) Banking
3 748 (12.08%) Front Office
4 520 (8.40%) Investment Banking
5 396 (6.40%) Public Sector
6 142 (2.29%) Marketing
7 94 (1.52%) Telecoms
8 91 (1.47%) Law
9 75 (1.21%) Manufacturing
10 70 (1.13%) Retail
11 69 (1.11%) Electronics
12 65 (1.05%) Games
13 63 (1.02%) Financial Institution
14 41 (0.66%) Back Office
15 39 (0.63%) Advertising
16 28 (0.45%) General Ledger
17 23 (0.37%) Retail Banking
18 19 (0.31%) Local Government
19 17 (0.27%) French Language
19 17 (0.27%) Legal
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,006 (16.25%) HTML
2 952 (15.38%) .NET
3 922 (14.89%) CSS
4 919 (14.84%) React
5 902 (14.57%) AngularJS
6 790 (12.76%) Web Services
7 677 (10.94%) Node.js
8 649 (10.48%) Spring
9 534 (8.63%) REST
10 399 (6.44%) HTML5
11 394 (6.36%) RESTful
12 363 (5.86%) Spring Boot
13 326 (5.27%) ASP.NET
14 311 (5.02%) Vue.js
15 253 (4.09%) Kafka
16 252 (4.07%) JSON
17 248 (4.01%) XML
18 236 (3.81%) Redux
19 225 (3.63%) .NET Core
20 224 (3.62%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 527 (8.51%) Fixed Income
2 420 (6.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 386 (6.23%) Derivative
4 366 (5.91%) User Experience
5 314 (5.07%) Equities
6 297 (4.80%) Hedge funds
7 287 (4.64%) Greenfield Project
8 243 (3.93%) Analytical Skills
9 154 (2.49%) Mobile App
10 92 (1.49%) Data Structures
11 85 (1.37%) Algorithms
12 61 (0.99%) Enterprise Software
13 57 (0.92%) Self-Motivation
14 52 (0.84%) Virtual Team
15 47 (0.76%) NHS
16 40 (0.65%) Cloud Native
17 38 (0.61%) Public Cloud
17 38 (0.61%) Robotics
18 37 (0.60%) Credit Derivative
19 34 (0.55%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 537 (8.67%) Linux
2 265 (4.28%) Unix
3 238 (3.84%) Android
4 220 (3.55%) Apple iOS
5 183 (2.96%) Windows
6 93 (1.50%) Mac OS X
7 45 (0.73%) Windows Server
8 13 (0.21%) Mac OS
8 13 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
9 11 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 10 (0.16%) CentOS
11 9 (0.15%) Oracle Linux
12 8 (0.13%) AIX
12 8 (0.13%) Windows 10
12 8 (0.13%) Windows Server 2016
13 7 (0.11%) tvOS
14 5 (0.081%) Ubuntu
15 4 (0.065%) zOS
16 3 (0.048%) Fedora
16 3 (0.048%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,297 (37.10%) Agile Software Development
2 923 (14.91%) Microservices
3 909 (14.68%) TDD
4 898 (14.50%) DevOps
5 681 (11.00%) Software Engineering
6 585 (9.45%) Scrum
7 573 (9.26%) Test Automation
8 564 (9.11%) Front End Development
9 423 (6.83%) Asset Management
10 421 (6.80%) Business Intelligence
11 409 (6.61%) BDD
12 398 (6.43%) OO
13 397 (6.41%) Problem-Solving
14 367 (5.93%) Unit Testing
15 360 (5.81%) Web Development
16 326 (5.27%) Continuous Integration
17 304 (4.91%) Migration
18 302 (4.88%) SDLC
19 277 (4.47%) Investment Management
20 262 (4.23%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 2,184 (35.28%) Java
2 1,749 (28.25%) JavaScript
3 1,390 (22.45%) SQL
4 1,101 (17.78%) Python
5 1,002 (16.18%) C#
6 439 (7.09%) Java 8
7 359 (5.80%) TypeScript
8 309 (4.99%) C++
9 244 (3.94%) Kotlin
10 216 (3.49%) PHP
11 204 (3.30%) Scala
12 192 (3.10%) T-SQL
13 175 (2.83%) PL/SQL
14 125 (2.02%) C
15 121 (1.95%) Shell Script
16 109 (1.76%) Apple Swift
17 107 (1.73%) PowerShell
18 99 (1.60%) R
19 93 (1.50%) Ruby
20 90 (1.45%) ES6
Qualifications
1 666 (10.76%) Security Cleared
2 534 (8.63%) SC Cleared
3 245 (3.96%) Degree
4 106 (1.71%) Computer Science Degree
5 89 (1.44%) DV Cleared
6 65 (1.05%) BPSS Clearance
7 30 (0.48%) DBS Check
8 28 (0.45%) Master's Degree
9 21 (0.34%) Numerate Degree
10 13 (0.21%) PhD
11 10 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
12 9 (0.15%) Sun Certification
13 8 (0.13%) OCPJP
14 4 (0.065%) AWS Certification
14 4 (0.065%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 3 (0.048%) ISTQB
15 3 (0.048%) MCPD
15 3 (0.048%) MCSD
15 3 (0.048%) MySQL Certification
16 2 (0.032%) MCAD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 180 (2.91%) QA
2 72 (1.16%) WCAG
3 49 (0.79%) Data Quality
4 17 (0.27%) GDPR
5 14 (0.23%) SLA
6 13 (0.21%) MiFID
7 6 (0.097%) Solvency II
8 5 (0.081%) Disclosure Scotland
9 4 (0.065%) PSD2
10 3 (0.048%) Government Security Classifications
10 3 (0.048%) HL7
10 3 (0.048%) ISO 9001
10 3 (0.048%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 3 (0.048%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 2 (0.032%) FINREP
11 2 (0.032%) GxP
11 2 (0.032%) ISO 20022
11 2 (0.032%) PMO
12 1 (0.016%) COREP
12 1 (0.016%) ISO/IEC 17025
System Software
1 714 (11.53%) Docker
2 56 (0.90%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.34%) HDFS
4 15 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
5 13 (0.21%) NDS
5 13 (0.21%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 8 (0.13%) NFS
7 6 (0.097%) VMware Infrastructure
8 5 (0.081%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 5 (0.081%) Postfix
8 5 (0.081%) vSphere
9 4 (0.065%) Firmware
10 3 (0.048%) GridGain
10 3 (0.048%) LXC
11 2 (0.032%) KVM
11 2 (0.032%) OpenAM
11 2 (0.032%) OpenDJ
11 2 (0.032%) RACF
11 2 (0.032%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.016%) Samba
Systems Management
1 551 (8.90%) Kubernetes
2 180 (2.91%) Terraform
3 96 (1.55%) Ansible
4 42 (0.68%) Kibana
5 36 (0.58%) Prometheus
6 35 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
7 28 (0.45%) Opscode Chef
7 28 (0.45%) Puppet
8 26 (0.42%) logstash
9 21 (0.34%) Grafana
10 20 (0.32%) Zipkin
11 17 (0.27%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 15 (0.24%) Tivoli
13 13 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
14 10 (0.16%) Control-M
15 7 (0.11%) Nessus
16 6 (0.097%) Packer
17 4 (0.065%) Oozie
17 4 (0.065%) Oracle ZFS
17 4 (0.065%) Salt
Vendors
1 588 (9.50%) Oracle
2 464 (7.49%) Microsoft
3 261 (4.22%) Google
4 148 (2.39%) SAP
5 129 (2.08%) Salesforce.com
6 84 (1.36%) Databricks
7 65 (1.05%) Tableau
8 64 (1.03%) IBM
9 63 (1.02%) Splunk
10 55 (0.89%) Adobe
11 54 (0.87%) MuleSoft
12 46 (0.74%) Sybase
12 46 (0.74%) Talend
13 42 (0.68%) ION Trading
14 37 (0.60%) ServiceNow
15 35 (0.57%) Informatica
16 33 (0.53%) ForgeRock
17 32 (0.52%) Red Hat
18 31 (0.50%) Bloomberg
18 31 (0.50%) Xamarin