Period
to 13 April 2021

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £500 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 9,489 12,710 22,330
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 22.76% 23.60% 25.30%
As % of the Job Titles category 24.56% 25.14% 26.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,029 9,287 16,681
10th Percentile £320 £331 £325
25th Percentile £400 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.70%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 99 83 106
10th Percentile £21.93 £14.14 £24.25
25th Percentile £34.00 £20.88 £38.50
Median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £45.75
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% -1.64% +14.38%
75th Percentile £58.36 £57.75 £55.00
90th Percentile £65.25 £77.40 £60.63
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £44.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +1.12% -1.11% +12.50%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 38,630 50,558 83,611
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.67% 93.89% 94.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,701 34,049 57,020
10th Percentile £275 £238 £275
25th Percentile £375 £363 £370
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £475 £475
75th Percentile £575 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £463
% change year-on-year +3.26% -0.70% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,413 1,898 2,371
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.59 £11.00
25th Percentile £14.25 £14.00 £13.05
Median hourly rate £21.56 £18.50 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year +16.54% +2.78% +2.86%
75th Percentile £44.00 £37.50 £38.75
90th Percentile £56.00 £51.25 £49.50
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £18.70 £17.83
% change year-on-year +20.32% +4.91% +1.86%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 6,039 £525 - 2,314
North of England 0 945 £413 +3.13% 1,222
South East -1 757 £425 -4.49% 778
North West -1 507 £400 - 709
Midlands 0 464 £375 -9.09% 718
South West -1 451 £454 +0.83% 423
Yorkshire 0 349 £438 +9.38% 375
West Midlands -4 296 £400 -5.88% 427
East of England -5 189 £444 +1.43% 324
East Midlands +2 158 £350 -6.67% 287
North East +2 89 £465 +15.89% 138
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 3,346 (35.26%) Agile Software Development
2 3,031 (31.94%) JavaScript
3 2,740 (28.88%) Java
4 1,960 (20.66%) SQL
5 1,958 (20.63%) Finance
6 1,740 (18.34%) React
7 1,667 (17.57%) Azure
8 1,663 (17.53%) .NET
9 1,659 (17.48%) AWS
10 1,538 (16.21%) Python
11 1,524 (16.06%) HTML
11 1,524 (16.06%) C#
12 1,487 (15.67%) TDD
13 1,466 (15.45%) CSS
14 1,374 (14.48%) Docker
15 1,334 (14.06%) Microservices
16 1,329 (14.01%) Node.js
17 1,279 (13.48%) DevOps
18 1,202 (12.67%) Software Engineering
19 1,175 (12.38%) Git (software)
20 1,145 (12.07%) AngularJS
21 1,134 (11.95%) Kubernetes
22 1,121 (11.81%) Banking
23 999 (10.53%) Spring
24 990 (10.43%) Front Office
25 964 (10.16%) Web Services
26 944 (9.95%) TypeScript
27 848 (8.94%) Front End Development
28 832 (8.77%) Scrum
29 829 (8.74%) SQL Server

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 237 (2.50%) Confluence
2 230 (2.42%) Apache Spark
3 189 (1.99%) Apache
4 164 (1.73%) CMS
5 155 (1.63%) Elasticsearch
6 151 (1.59%) SharePoint
7 128 (1.35%) Mule
8 99 (1.04%) WordPress
9 75 (0.79%) WebLogic
10 72 (0.76%) Red Hat Fuse
11 62 (0.65%) WebSphere
12 57 (0.60%) Drupal
12 57 (0.60%) Tomcat
13 53 (0.56%) Oracle Coherence
14 49 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
15 48 (0.51%) IIS
16 46 (0.48%) JBoss
17 44 (0.46%) BizTalk Server
18 40 (0.42%) nginx
19 32 (0.34%) Umbraco
Applications
1 124 (1.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
3 29 (0.31%) Photoshop
4 25 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
5 14 (0.15%) Adobe XD
5 14 (0.15%) Chatbot
5 14 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 13 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
7 12 (0.13%) Figma
8 11 (0.12%) Sketch
9 6 (0.063%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 5 (0.053%) Adobe Captivate
10 5 (0.053%) InfoPath
11 4 (0.042%) Adobe After Effects
11 4 (0.042%) Adobe Premiere
11 4 (0.042%) Final Cut Pro
11 4 (0.042%) GIMP
11 4 (0.042%) MS Visio
11 4 (0.042%) Zeplin
12 3 (0.032%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 79 (0.83%) Dynamics CRM
2 57 (0.60%) Magento
3 38 (0.40%) Shopify
4 27 (0.28%) Maximo
5 25 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
6 15 (0.16%) Summit
7 13 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 12 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
8 12 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
9 11 (0.12%) SAP PSCD
10 10 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
10 10 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
11 9 (0.095%) SAP Hybris
12 8 (0.084%) Dynamics NAV
12 8 (0.084%) Oracle General Ledger
12 8 (0.084%) Oracle Payables
13 7 (0.074%) NetSuite
13 7 (0.074%) SunGard Martini
14 6 (0.063%) Dynamics AX
14 6 (0.063%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 1,667 (17.57%) Azure
2 1,659 (17.48%) AWS
3 662 (6.98%) Serverless
4 450 (4.74%) GCP
5 427 (4.50%) AWS Lambda
6 395 (4.16%) Power Platform
7 286 (3.01%) Amazon S3
8 280 (2.95%) GitHub
9 197 (2.08%) Amazon SQS
10 158 (1.67%) AWS Step Functions
11 144 (1.52%) SaaS
12 135 (1.42%) PaaS
13 104 (1.10%) OpenShift
14 96 (1.01%) Azure Functions
15 89 (0.94%) PowerApps
16 88 (0.93%) Dynamics 365
17 86 (0.91%) Amazon EC2
17 86 (0.91%) AWS CloudFormation
18 85 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
19 78 (0.82%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 101 (1.06%) HTTP
2 44 (0.46%) Internet
3 42 (0.44%) SSL
4 29 (0.31%) HTTPS
5 27 (0.28%) TCP/IP
6 17 (0.18%) Multicast
7 13 (0.14%) Intranet
8 12 (0.13%) DNS
9 11 (0.12%) ATM
9 11 (0.12%) Broadband
10 10 (0.11%) FTP
10 10 (0.11%) Kerberos
11 8 (0.084%) VPN
12 7 (0.074%) Firewall
12 7 (0.074%) RTMP
12 7 (0.074%) Skype
13 6 (0.063%) AMQP
13 6 (0.063%) SMTP
13 6 (0.063%) SSH
13 6 (0.063%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 829 (8.74%) SQL Server
2 390 (4.11%) NoSQL
3 359 (3.78%) PostgreSQL
4 349 (3.68%) MySQL
5 343 (3.61%) Relational Database
6 328 (3.46%) Power BI
7 319 (3.36%) MongoDB
8 283 (2.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 256 (2.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 251 (2.65%) Data Warehouse
11 192 (2.02%) Big Data
12 188 (1.98%) Amazon RDS
13 186 (1.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 157 (1.65%) Hadoop
15 146 (1.54%) Tableau
16 134 (1.41%) Azure SQL Database
17 127 (1.34%) Oracle Database
18 125 (1.32%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 95 (1.00%) Redis
20 77 (0.81%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,175 (12.38%) Git (software)
2 753 (7.94%) Jenkins
3 509 (5.36%) JIRA
4 319 (3.36%) Maven
5 213 (2.24%) Visual Studio
6 207 (2.18%) JUnit
7 166 (1.75%) webpack
8 156 (1.64%) Bitbucket
9 124 (1.31%) Subversion
10 120 (1.26%) Cucumber
11 118 (1.24%) Gradle
12 117 (1.23%) TeamCity
13 115 (1.21%) GitLab
14 107 (1.13%) Mockito
15 106 (1.12%) Selenium
16 87 (0.92%) SonarQube
17 86 (0.91%) Sonatype Nexus
18 83 (0.87%) Cypress.io
19 76 (0.80%) gulp
20 71 (0.75%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,958 (20.63%) Finance
2 1,121 (11.81%) Banking
3 990 (10.43%) Front Office
4 533 (5.62%) Investment Banking
5 345 (3.64%) Public Sector
6 206 (2.17%) Marketing
7 199 (2.10%) Retail
8 153 (1.61%) Telecoms
9 107 (1.13%) Manufacturing
10 104 (1.10%) Law
11 81 (0.85%) Games
12 71 (0.75%) Electronics
13 61 (0.64%) Back Office
14 53 (0.56%) Financial Institution
15 44 (0.46%) Publishing
16 37 (0.39%) Automotive
17 31 (0.33%) Advertising
18 25 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
19 20 (0.21%) French Language
20 19 (0.20%) Multimedia
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,740 (18.34%) React
2 1,663 (17.53%) .NET
3 1,524 (16.06%) HTML
4 1,466 (15.45%) CSS
5 1,329 (14.01%) Node.js
6 1,145 (12.07%) AngularJS
7 999 (10.53%) Spring
8 964 (10.16%) Web Services
9 828 (8.73%) REST
10 597 (6.29%) RESTful
11 575 (6.06%) Spring Boot
12 547 (5.76%) .NET Core
13 540 (5.69%) HTML5
14 420 (4.43%) Kafka
15 390 (4.11%) Redux
16 383 (4.04%) ASP.NET
17 371 (3.91%) JSON
18 354 (3.73%) XML
19 350 (3.69%) Vue.js
20 339 (3.57%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 579 (6.10%) User Experience
2 495 (5.22%) Greenfield Project
3 426 (4.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 363 (3.83%) Fixed Income
5 356 (3.75%) Analytical Skills
6 300 (3.16%) Mobile App
7 289 (3.05%) Derivative
8 248 (2.61%) Data Structures
9 207 (2.18%) Equities
10 171 (1.80%) Algorithms
11 143 (1.51%) Enterprise Software
12 137 (1.44%) Hedge funds
13 121 (1.28%) Self-Motivation
14 115 (1.21%) Cloud Native
15 88 (0.93%) Public Cloud
16 84 (0.89%) NHS
17 77 (0.81%) Virtual Team
18 72 (0.76%) Credit Risk
19 65 (0.69%) Management Information System
20 53 (0.56%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 641 (6.76%) Linux
2 376 (3.96%) Android
3 348 (3.67%) Unix
4 304 (3.20%) Apple iOS
5 249 (2.62%) Windows
6 44 (0.46%) Mac OS
6 44 (0.46%) Mac OS X
7 24 (0.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 14 (0.15%) CentOS
9 12 (0.13%) Windows 10
10 10 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
11 9 (0.095%) Windows Server
12 8 (0.084%) Ubuntu
13 7 (0.074%) Oracle Linux
14 5 (0.053%) VMS
15 4 (0.042%) Android TV
16 3 (0.032%) AIX
16 3 (0.032%) CoreOS
16 3 (0.032%) Tizen
16 3 (0.032%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,346 (35.26%) Agile Software Development
2 1,487 (15.67%) TDD
3 1,334 (14.06%) Microservices
4 1,279 (13.48%) DevOps
5 1,202 (12.67%) Software Engineering
6 848 (8.94%) Front End Development
7 832 (8.77%) Scrum
8 730 (7.69%) Test Automation
9 636 (6.70%) BDD
10 618 (6.51%) Continuous Integration
11 588 (6.20%) Business Intelligence
12 541 (5.70%) Problem-Solving
13 500 (5.27%) MVC
14 499 (5.26%) Analytics
15 494 (5.21%) Unit Testing
16 477 (5.03%) Asset Management
17 469 (4.94%) OO
18 459 (4.84%) Multithreading
19 431 (4.54%) Web Development
20 399 (4.20%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 3,031 (31.94%) JavaScript
2 2,740 (28.88%) Java
3 1,960 (20.66%) SQL
4 1,538 (16.21%) Python
5 1,524 (16.06%) C#
6 944 (9.95%) TypeScript
7 566 (5.96%) C++
8 499 (5.26%) Java 8
9 437 (4.61%) Kotlin
10 428 (4.51%) PHP
11 422 (4.45%) Scala
12 294 (3.10%) PL/SQL
13 235 (2.48%) Go
14 218 (2.30%) T-SQL
15 217 (2.29%) Ruby
16 214 (2.26%) ES6
17 169 (1.78%) C
18 167 (1.76%) PowerShell
19 150 (1.58%) Apple Swift
20 115 (1.21%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 686 (7.23%) Security Cleared
2 564 (5.94%) SC Cleared
3 389 (4.10%) Degree
4 105 (1.11%) Computer Science Degree
5 88 (0.93%) DV Cleared
6 46 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
7 43 (0.45%) PhD
8 38 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
9 26 (0.27%) AWS Certification
10 14 (0.15%) Master's Degree
11 13 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
12 11 (0.12%) DBS Check
13 8 (0.084%) CTC Cleared
14 7 (0.074%) ISTQB
14 7 (0.074%) OCPJP
14 7 (0.074%) Sun Certification
15 5 (0.053%) BC Cleared
16 4 (0.042%) ITIL Certification
17 3 (0.032%) CFA
17 3 (0.032%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 237 (2.50%) QA
2 52 (0.55%) Data Quality
3 47 (0.50%) WCAG
4 23 (0.24%) GDPR
5 15 (0.16%) SLA
6 13 (0.14%) MiFID
7 10 (0.11%) Dublin Core
7 10 (0.11%) PMO
8 8 (0.084%) PCI DSS
9 7 (0.074%) ISO 20022
10 5 (0.053%) FINREP
10 5 (0.053%) IFRS
11 4 (0.042%) COREP
11 4 (0.042%) Dodd-Frank
12 3 (0.032%) Disclosure Scotland
12 3 (0.032%) ECSS
12 3 (0.032%) IFRS 9
12 3 (0.032%) ISO 26262
12 3 (0.032%) JTAG
12 3 (0.032%) WAI
System Software
1 1,374 (14.48%) Docker
2 65 (0.69%) Active Directory
3 43 (0.45%) HDFS
4 14 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 13 (0.14%) Platform Symphony
6 11 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
7 10 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
8 9 (0.095%) Firmware
9 6 (0.063%) vSphere
10 5 (0.053%) GridGain
11 4 (0.042%) Time Sharing Option
12 3 (0.032%) Apache Flume
12 3 (0.032%) NDS
12 3 (0.032%) NetIQ eDirectory
12 3 (0.032%) VMware ESXi
13 2 (0.021%) Ceph
13 2 (0.021%) NFS
13 2 (0.021%) OpenAM
13 2 (0.021%) Postfix
14 1 (0.011%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,134 (11.95%) Kubernetes
2 536 (5.65%) Terraform
3 179 (1.89%) Ansible
4 53 (0.56%) Grafana
4 53 (0.56%) Puppet
5 51 (0.54%) Prometheus
6 50 (0.53%) Opscode Chef
7 36 (0.38%) Kibana
8 20 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
9 15 (0.16%) Oozie
10 14 (0.15%) Istio
11 11 (0.12%) Consul
12 10 (0.11%) Control-M
12 10 (0.11%) logstash
12 10 (0.11%) vRealize Orchestrator
13 9 (0.095%) Hadoop YARN
14 8 (0.084%) Microsoft Intune
15 7 (0.074%) MIIS
16 5 (0.053%) CloudHub
16 5 (0.053%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 708 (7.46%) Oracle
2 606 (6.39%) Microsoft
3 249 (2.62%) Salesforce.com
4 223 (2.35%) Google
5 180 (1.90%) SAP
6 126 (1.33%) MuleSoft
7 115 (1.21%) ServiceNow
8 85 (0.90%) IBM
9 83 (0.87%) Splunk
10 82 (0.86%) Adobe
11 70 (0.74%) webMethods
12 57 (0.60%) Atlassian
12 57 (0.60%) Xamarin
13 56 (0.59%) TIBCO
14 51 (0.54%) BEA
14 51 (0.54%) Informatica
15 50 (0.53%) Apple
16 43 (0.45%) Bloomberg
17 39 (0.41%) Pega
18 38 (0.40%) AppDynamics