Period
to 24 October 2021

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 13,900 6,630 18,640
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 20.67% 24.25% 24.18%
As % of the Job Titles category 22.12% 26.20% 25.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,597 4,850 13,785
10th Percentile £363 £313 £325
25th Percentile £425 £398 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £638 £600 £575
90th Percentile £725 £700 £650
UK median daily rate £515 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +8.42% - +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 112 39 100
10th Percentile £24.09 £21.15 £16.93
25th Percentile £36.19 £25.08 £36.08
Median hourly rate £58.86 £40.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +47.14% -11.11% +5.88%
75th Percentile £65.31 £55.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £71.50 £61.41 £65.70
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £40.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +35.80% -10.00% +5.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 62,842 25,304 72,519
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.46% 92.55% 94.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 44,337 17,429 49,219
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
25th Percentile £406 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £505 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +6.32% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,852 809 2,398
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.66 £14.00 £13.75
Median hourly rate £19.52 £22.00 £18.70
Median % change year-on-year -11.27% +17.65% +6.86%
75th Percentile £45.00 £43.75 £43.75
90th Percentile £62.14 £53.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £19.92 £22.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -9.45% +15.79% +8.57%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 24 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 8,740 £575 +9.52% 2,794
North of England -1 1,296 £450 +9.09% 1,279
South East -1 1,030 £450 - 772
Midlands -3 748 £450 +20.00% 804
North West -2 732 £425 +6.18% 738
South West -1 658 £450 +2.56% 369
West Midlands -1 493 £450 +12.50% 493
Yorkshire 0 468 £475 +15.15% 386
East of England -4 302 £463 +5.71% 368
East Midlands -5 240 £404 +12.15% 307
North East +1 100 £500 +17.65% 155
South Coast 0 1 - -
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 5,126 (36.88%) Agile Software Development
2 4,214 (30.32%) Java
3 4,209 (30.28%) JavaScript
4 3,192 (22.96%) SQL
5 2,900 (20.86%) Finance
6 2,845 (20.47%) React
7 2,582 (18.58%) C#
8 2,513 (18.08%) .NET
9 2,512 (18.07%) Azure
10 2,264 (16.29%) TDD
11 2,241 (16.12%) HTML
12 2,240 (16.12%) AWS
13 2,154 (15.50%) Microservices
14 2,109 (15.17%) Python
15 2,087 (15.01%) CSS
16 2,025 (14.57%) Social Skills
17 2,022 (14.55%) Full Stack Development
18 2,021 (14.54%) Git (software)
19 1,951 (14.04%) DevOps
20 1,774 (12.76%) TypeScript
21 1,752 (12.60%) AngularJS
22 1,717 (12.35%) Node.js
23 1,706 (12.27%) Software Engineering
24 1,654 (11.90%) Banking
25 1,612 (11.60%) Docker
26 1,607 (11.56%) Spring
27 1,592 (11.45%) SQL Server
28 1,409 (10.14%) Scrum
29 1,366 (9.83%) Kubernetes
30 1,322 (9.51%) REST

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 414 (2.98%) Confluence
2 306 (2.20%) SharePoint
3 253 (1.82%) CMS
4 217 (1.56%) Apache Spark
5 168 (1.21%) Elasticsearch
6 164 (1.18%) Apache
7 125 (0.90%) WebLogic
8 96 (0.69%) Tomcat
9 90 (0.65%) WordPress
10 85 (0.61%) JBoss
11 82 (0.59%) Drupal
12 80 (0.58%) BizTalk Server
13 76 (0.55%) Mule
14 62 (0.45%) IIS
15 59 (0.42%) SAS
16 53 (0.38%) WebSphere
17 49 (0.35%) nginx
18 47 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 46 (0.33%) Umbraco
20 44 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 220 (1.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 80 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
3 35 (0.25%) Photoshop
4 24 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 22 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
6 20 (0.14%) Sketch
7 19 (0.14%) Chatbot
8 16 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 15 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
9 15 (0.11%) Figma
10 12 (0.086%) Adobe XD
10 12 (0.086%) InVision
11 9 (0.065%) Blender
11 9 (0.065%) InfoPath
11 9 (0.065%) MS Visio
11 9 (0.065%) Zeplin
12 7 (0.050%) InDesign
12 7 (0.050%) Microsoft Project
12 7 (0.050%) Oracle Smart View
13 5 (0.036%) Adobe Captivate
Business Applications
1 96 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
2 79 (0.57%) Magento
3 46 (0.33%) ION MarketView
4 40 (0.29%) SunGard Martini
5 37 (0.27%) Shopify
6 32 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
7 27 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
8 23 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
9 19 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
10 15 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
11 13 (0.094%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 13 (0.094%) SAP S/4HANA
12 12 (0.086%) Hyperion Planning
12 12 (0.086%) Oracle BPM
12 12 (0.086%) Orchestrade
12 12 (0.086%) SAP Oil and Gas
13 11 (0.079%) Dynamics NAV
13 11 (0.079%) NetSuite
13 11 (0.079%) Oracle ERP
14 9 (0.065%) Remedy AR System
Cloud Services
1 2,512 (18.07%) Azure
2 2,240 (16.12%) AWS
3 906 (6.52%) Serverless
4 679 (4.88%) Power Platform
5 651 (4.68%) GCP
6 562 (4.04%) AWS Lambda
7 437 (3.14%) GitHub
8 311 (2.24%) Amazon S3
9 264 (1.90%) Amazon SQS
10 216 (1.55%) SaaS
11 182 (1.31%) Azure Functions
12 179 (1.29%) npm
12 179 (1.29%) OpenShift
13 172 (1.24%) PaaS
13 172 (1.24%) PowerApps
14 165 (1.19%) Amazon EC2
15 159 (1.14%) AWS Step Functions
16 147 (1.06%) Azure Service Bus
17 146 (1.05%) Dynamics 365
18 132 (0.95%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 198 (1.42%) HTTP
2 105 (0.76%) Internet
3 78 (0.56%) TCP/IP
4 47 (0.34%) SSL
5 39 (0.28%) Intranet
6 33 (0.24%) RTMP
7 28 (0.20%) FTP
8 24 (0.17%) HTTPS
9 21 (0.15%) MQTT
10 20 (0.14%) AMQP
11 19 (0.14%) FIX Connectivity
12 17 (0.12%) DNS
13 16 (0.12%) Ethernet
13 16 (0.12%) VPN
14 13 (0.094%) Firewall
15 10 (0.072%) Bluetooth
15 10 (0.072%) LAN
16 9 (0.065%) 2G
16 9 (0.065%) Broadband
16 9 (0.065%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,592 (11.45%) SQL Server
2 664 (4.78%) Relational Database
3 574 (4.13%) Power BI
4 557 (4.01%) MySQL
5 535 (3.85%) NoSQL
6 500 (3.60%) PostgreSQL
7 473 (3.40%) MongoDB
8 445 (3.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 428 (3.08%) Data Warehouse
10 369 (2.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 311 (2.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 306 (2.20%) Oracle Database
13 287 (2.06%) Big Data
14 222 (1.60%) Redis
15 200 (1.44%) Hadoop
16 198 (1.42%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 180 (1.29%) Amazon RDS
18 178 (1.28%) Azure SQL Database
19 165 (1.19%) Tableau
20 156 (1.12%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 2,021 (14.54%) Git (software)
2 1,177 (8.47%) Jenkins
3 880 (6.33%) JIRA
4 578 (4.16%) Maven
5 366 (2.63%) JUnit
6 332 (2.39%) Visual Studio
7 306 (2.20%) Bitbucket
8 288 (2.07%) TeamCity
9 261 (1.88%) GitLab
10 250 (1.80%) Cucumber
11 233 (1.68%) Subversion
12 222 (1.60%) Selenium
13 213 (1.53%) Mockito
14 209 (1.50%) webpack
15 190 (1.37%) Jasmine
16 165 (1.19%) Gradle
17 144 (1.04%) Cypress.io
18 130 (0.94%) Team Foundation Server
19 107 (0.77%) Mocha
20 105 (0.76%) CircleCI
General
1 2,900 (20.86%) Finance
2 2,025 (14.57%) Social Skills
3 1,654 (11.90%) Banking
4 1,113 (8.01%) Front Office
5 796 (5.73%) Investment Banking
6 589 (4.24%) Analytical Skills
7 515 (3.71%) Public Sector
8 294 (2.12%) Retail
9 255 (1.83%) Marketing
10 174 (1.25%) Telecoms
11 171 (1.23%) Games
12 169 (1.22%) Manufacturing
13 130 (0.94%) Presentation Skills
14 118 (0.85%) Law
15 101 (0.73%) Electronics
16 93 (0.67%) Financial Institution
17 79 (0.57%) Documentation Skills
18 77 (0.55%) Back Office
19 65 (0.47%) Legal
20 57 (0.41%) Publishing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,845 (20.47%) React
2 2,513 (18.08%) .NET
3 2,241 (16.12%) HTML
4 2,087 (15.01%) CSS
5 1,752 (12.60%) AngularJS
6 1,717 (12.35%) Node.js
7 1,607 (11.56%) Spring
8 1,322 (9.51%) REST
9 1,137 (8.18%) Web Services
10 1,048 (7.54%) RESTful
11 1,003 (7.22%) Spring Boot
12 803 (5.78%) HTML5
13 769 (5.53%) .NET Core
14 620 (4.46%) Kafka
15 616 (4.43%) JSON
16 612 (4.40%) .NET Framework
17 600 (4.32%) ASP.NET
18 599 (4.31%) Redux
19 560 (4.03%) XML
20 527 (3.79%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 733 (5.27%) User Experience
2 550 (3.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 529 (3.81%) Greenfield Project
4 493 (3.55%) Fixed Income
5 425 (3.06%) Derivative
6 414 (2.98%) Data Protection Act
7 402 (2.89%) Mobile App
8 328 (2.36%) Data Structures
9 302 (2.17%) Equities
10 280 (2.01%) Algorithms
11 188 (1.35%) Enterprise Software
12 175 (1.26%) Hedge funds
13 143 (1.03%) Cloud Native
14 132 (0.95%) Legacy Systems
15 129 (0.93%) Self-Motivation
16 120 (0.86%) Management Information System
17 109 (0.78%) Credit Risk
18 105 (0.76%) Virtual Team
19 102 (0.73%) NHS
20 94 (0.68%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 900 (6.47%) Linux
2 534 (3.84%) Unix
3 471 (3.39%) Windows
4 435 (3.13%) Android
5 382 (2.75%) Apple iOS
6 42 (0.30%) Mac OS X
7 38 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 32 (0.23%) Windows Server
9 29 (0.21%) Mac OS
10 14 (0.10%) VMS
11 11 (0.079%) Debian
11 11 (0.079%) Windows 10
12 10 (0.072%) Windows Server 2016
13 9 (0.065%) tvOS
14 8 (0.058%) Ubuntu
15 7 (0.050%) Embedded Linux
16 6 (0.043%) CentOS
16 6 (0.043%) Solaris
17 5 (0.036%) Android TV
17 5 (0.036%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,126 (36.88%) Agile Software Development
2 2,264 (16.29%) TDD
3 2,154 (15.50%) Microservices
4 2,022 (14.55%) Full Stack Development
5 1,951 (14.04%) DevOps
6 1,706 (12.27%) Software Engineering
7 1,409 (10.14%) Scrum
8 1,307 (9.40%) Test Automation
9 1,197 (8.61%) Front End Development
10 1,045 (7.52%) Continuous Integration
11 979 (7.04%) Business Intelligence
12 966 (6.95%) Problem-Solving
13 897 (6.45%) BDD
14 865 (6.22%) Unit Testing
15 779 (5.60%) OO
16 773 (5.56%) MVC
17 764 (5.50%) Analytics
18 735 (5.29%) SDLC
19 647 (4.65%) Multithreading
20 636 (4.58%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 4,214 (30.32%) Java
2 4,209 (30.28%) JavaScript
3 3,192 (22.96%) SQL
4 2,582 (18.58%) C#
5 2,109 (15.17%) Python
6 1,774 (12.76%) TypeScript
7 762 (5.48%) Java 8
8 750 (5.40%) C++
9 565 (4.06%) Scala
10 507 (3.65%) Kotlin
10 507 (3.65%) PHP
11 392 (2.82%) PL/SQL
12 384 (2.76%) T-SQL
13 314 (2.26%) Java 11
14 297 (2.14%) Go
15 289 (2.08%) ES6
16 236 (1.70%) Apple Swift
17 231 (1.66%) PowerShell
18 226 (1.63%) C
19 195 (1.40%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 745 (5.36%) Security Cleared
2 613 (4.41%) SC Cleared
3 511 (3.68%) Degree
4 175 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
5 89 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
6 69 (0.50%) DV Cleared
7 43 (0.31%) Sun Certification
8 37 (0.27%) PhD
9 34 (0.24%) Master's Degree
9 34 (0.24%) OCPJP
10 33 (0.24%) ISTQB
11 28 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
12 21 (0.15%) AWS Certification
13 20 (0.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 18 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
14 18 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
15 14 (0.10%) DBS Check
16 8 (0.058%) Six Sigma Green Belt
17 4 (0.029%) CCNA
17 4 (0.029%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 349 (2.51%) QA
2 287 (2.06%) Accessibility
3 110 (0.79%) Data Quality
4 59 (0.42%) WCAG
5 52 (0.37%) GDPR
6 44 (0.32%) PMO
7 23 (0.17%) MiFID
8 19 (0.14%) SLA
9 15 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 10 (0.072%) GRC
11 9 (0.065%) COREP
12 8 (0.058%) Disclosure Scotland
13 7 (0.050%) EMIR
14 6 (0.043%) FINREP
15 3 (0.022%) Dublin Core
15 3 (0.022%) WAI
16 2 (0.014%) Basel III
16 2 (0.014%) CRD IV
16 2 (0.014%) HL7
16 2 (0.014%) IEC 61508
System Software
1 1,612 (11.60%) Docker
2 126 (0.91%) Active Directory
3 43 (0.31%) HDFS
4 24 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
5 23 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
6 19 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 16 (0.12%) NFS
8 11 (0.079%) Platform Symphony
9 8 (0.058%) VMware ESXi
10 7 (0.050%) vSphere
11 6 (0.043%) Firmware
12 5 (0.036%) Varnish
13 4 (0.029%) Microsoft App-V
14 3 (0.022%) iptables
14 3 (0.022%) KVM
14 3 (0.022%) NDS
14 3 (0.022%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 3 (0.022%) OpenAM
14 3 (0.022%) Postfix
14 3 (0.022%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,366 (9.83%) Kubernetes
2 577 (4.15%) Terraform
3 318 (2.29%) Ansible
4 132 (0.95%) Grafana
5 104 (0.75%) Prometheus
6 61 (0.44%) Puppet
7 59 (0.42%) Kibana
8 40 (0.29%) Control-M
9 38 (0.27%) Opscode Chef
10 27 (0.19%) BladeLogic
11 23 (0.17%) logstash
12 22 (0.16%) Graphite
12 22 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
13 16 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
13 16 (0.12%) Packer
14 13 (0.094%) MIIS
15 11 (0.079%) vRealize Orchestrator
16 10 (0.072%) Oozie
16 10 (0.072%) ZABBIX
17 9 (0.065%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 1,198 (8.62%) Oracle
2 977 (7.03%) Microsoft
3 347 (2.50%) Salesforce.com
4 303 (2.18%) Google
5 267 (1.92%) SAP
6 141 (1.01%) Informatica
7 131 (0.94%) ServiceNow
8 129 (0.93%) Adobe
9 124 (0.89%) ION Trading
10 104 (0.75%) IBM
11 96 (0.69%) webMethods
12 94 (0.68%) MuleSoft
13 88 (0.63%) Splunk
14 82 (0.59%) TIBCO
15 80 (0.58%) BEA
16 76 (0.55%) Sybase
17 67 (0.48%) Databricks
17 67 (0.48%) Xamarin
18 66 (0.47%) Atlassian
19 63 (0.45%) hybris