Period
to 23 February 2020

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 23 February 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
23 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 2 2 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 14,572 23,600 24,159
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 23.90% 26.21% 25.92%
As % of the Job Titles category 25.44% 27.67% 27.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,433 17,690 18,121
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £647 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 121 134 164
England median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £42.06
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.60% +2.25% +5.14%
10th Percentile £18.25 £23.70 £19.32
90th Percentile £72.00 £60.00 £63.75
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.50
% change year-on-year -17.65% +2.41% +3.75%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 57,280 85,300 88,379
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.94% 94.74% 94.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 37,486 57,090 59,244
England median daily rate £463 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £250 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £450 £462 £450
% change year-on-year -2.54% +2.61% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,248 2,574 2,620
England median hourly rate £19.00 £18.70 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.60% - +1.08%
10th Percentile £11.54 £11.00 £11.00
90th Percentile £50.23 £49.08 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £19.25 £18.70 £18.70
% change year-on-year +2.94% - +3.89%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 23 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 23 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 23 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 8,162 £525 - 2,909
South East 0 1,878 £438 -2.78% 1,296
North of England 0 1,779 £405 +1.25% 1,637
South West 0 1,122 £433 +1.76% 714
Midlands 0 961 £400 -2.44% 902
North West 0 935 £413 +3.13% 959
Yorkshire 0 672 £400 -3.03% 536
West Midlands 0 601 £425 +3.66% 473
East of England -1 546 £425 -2.86% 527
East Midlands +1 354 £375 -8.81% 428
North East -1 177 £400 -5.88% 142
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 23 February 2020, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 5,397 (37.04%) Agile Software Development
2 4,610 (31.64%) JavaScript
3 3,839 (26.35%) Java
4 3,465 (23.78%) SQL
5 3,121 (21.42%) C#
6 3,050 (20.93%) .NET
7 2,915 (20.00%) HTML
8 2,704 (18.56%) CSS
9 2,447 (16.79%) TDD
10 2,409 (16.53%) Finance
11 2,267 (15.56%) AngularJS
12 2,198 (15.08%) Azure
13 2,066 (14.18%) React
14 2,063 (14.16%) SQL Server
15 1,919 (13.17%) Microservices
16 1,860 (12.76%) Python
17 1,796 (12.33%) AWS
18 1,779 (12.21%) Git (software)
19 1,651 (11.33%) Scrum
20 1,610 (11.05%) Node.js
21 1,559 (10.70%) DevOps
22 1,496 (10.27%) Microsoft
23 1,428 (9.80%) Web Services
24 1,390 (9.54%) Spring
25 1,344 (9.22%) Front End Development
26 1,341 (9.20%) Docker
27 1,295 (8.89%) MVC
28 1,261 (8.65%) REST
29 1,222 (8.39%) Business Intelligence
30 1,209 (8.30%) RESTful

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 335 (2.30%) Confluence
2 329 (2.26%) Elasticsearch
3 303 (2.08%) CMS
4 269 (1.85%) SharePoint
5 203 (1.39%) Apache
6 175 (1.20%) Apache Spark
7 133 (0.91%) WebLogic
8 126 (0.86%) Drupal
9 121 (0.83%) Tomcat
10 118 (0.81%) WordPress
11 115 (0.79%) Umbraco
12 88 (0.60%) IIS
13 87 (0.60%) WebSphere
14 75 (0.51%) SAS
15 67 (0.46%) BizTalk Server
15 67 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 63 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
17 56 (0.38%) nginx
18 48 (0.33%) Sitecore CMS
19 46 (0.32%) JBoss
Applications
1 251 (1.72%) Microsoft Excel
2 74 (0.51%) Photoshop
3 66 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
4 42 (0.29%) Sketch
5 32 (0.22%) MS Visio
6 22 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
7 19 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
8 17 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 15 (0.10%) XMetaL
10 14 (0.096%) InVision
11 11 (0.075%) Adobe XD
11 11 (0.075%) GIMP
12 10 (0.069%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 10 (0.069%) InfoPath
12 10 (0.069%) Zeplin
13 8 (0.055%) Chatbot
14 7 (0.048%) Figma
14 7 (0.048%) Microsoft Project
15 5 (0.034%) Lectora
16 4 (0.027%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 265 (1.82%) Dynamics CRM
2 138 (0.95%) Magento
3 64 (0.44%) Oracle EBS
4 31 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
5 30 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
5 30 (0.21%) Shopify
6 29 (0.20%) FINCAD Analytics
7 28 (0.19%) BusinessWorks
7 28 (0.19%) Maximo
8 27 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
9 22 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
10 21 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
11 20 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
12 18 (0.12%) NetSuite
13 16 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
14 15 (0.10%) Oracle Financials
14 15 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
15 14 (0.096%) SAP Hybris
16 13 (0.089%) Oracle Payables
16 13 (0.089%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 2,198 (15.08%) Azure
2 1,796 (12.33%) AWS
3 754 (5.17%) Power Platform
4 581 (3.99%) Serverless
5 446 (3.06%) GCP
6 406 (2.79%) GitHub
7 303 (2.08%) AWS Lambda
8 258 (1.77%) Dynamics 365
9 215 (1.48%) SaaS
10 199 (1.37%) Amazon S3
11 198 (1.36%) Amazon EC2
12 158 (1.08%) Azure Functions
13 147 (1.01%) PaaS
14 144 (0.99%) OpenShift
15 142 (0.97%) Amazon SQS
16 121 (0.83%) Azure Data Factory
17 120 (0.82%) npm
18 99 (0.68%) AWS CloudFormation
19 95 (0.65%) Office 365
20 79 (0.54%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 291 (2.00%) HTTP
2 109 (0.75%) TCP/IP
3 82 (0.56%) Internet
4 75 (0.51%) HTTPS
5 59 (0.40%) SSL
6 47 (0.32%) IPv6
7 45 (0.31%) IPv4
8 40 (0.27%) Wi-Fi
9 34 (0.23%) DNS
10 30 (0.21%) Ethernet
11 28 (0.19%) DHCP
11 28 (0.19%) Intranet
11 28 (0.19%) Wireshark
12 26 (0.18%) FTP
13 24 (0.16%) Multicast
14 22 (0.15%) Skype
15 19 (0.13%) Firewall
16 17 (0.12%) AMQP
16 17 (0.12%) VoIP
17 16 (0.11%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,063 (14.16%) SQL Server
2 768 (5.27%) MySQL
3 750 (5.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 713 (4.89%) Power BI
5 629 (4.32%) Data Warehouse
6 622 (4.27%) Relational Database
7 582 (3.99%) PostgreSQL
8 557 (3.82%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 521 (3.58%) NoSQL
10 483 (3.31%) MongoDB
11 354 (2.43%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 280 (1.92%) Big Data
13 262 (1.80%) Oracle Database
14 215 (1.48%) Azure SQL Database
15 193 (1.32%) Redis
16 175 (1.20%) RDBMS
17 172 (1.18%) Hadoop
18 147 (1.01%) Amazon RDS
19 131 (0.90%) Data Lake
20 128 (0.88%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 1,779 (12.21%) Git (software)
2 982 (6.74%) Jenkins
3 764 (5.24%) JIRA
4 471 (3.23%) JUnit
5 466 (3.20%) Maven
6 377 (2.59%) Visual Studio
7 345 (2.37%) Selenium
8 324 (2.22%) Team Foundation Server
9 275 (1.89%) TeamCity
10 269 (1.85%) Cucumber
11 258 (1.77%) Mockito
12 229 (1.57%) webpack
13 212 (1.45%) Bitbucket
14 192 (1.32%) Gradle
14 192 (1.32%) gulp
15 182 (1.25%) Subversion
16 167 (1.15%) Jasmine
17 160 (1.10%) Octopus Deploy
18 147 (1.01%) GitLab
19 138 (0.95%) NUnit
General
1 2,409 (16.53%) Finance
2 1,092 (7.49%) Banking
3 735 (5.04%) Front Office
4 638 (4.38%) Public Sector
5 355 (2.44%) Retail
6 336 (2.31%) Investment Banking
7 278 (1.91%) Marketing
8 219 (1.50%) Law
9 158 (1.08%) Games
10 151 (1.04%) Telecoms
11 122 (0.84%) Manufacturing
12 115 (0.79%) Back Office
13 95 (0.65%) Publishing
14 76 (0.52%) Financial Institution
15 75 (0.51%) Legal
16 72 (0.49%) Electronics
17 65 (0.45%) Advertising
18 36 (0.25%) Retail Banking
19 32 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
20 31 (0.21%) Automotive
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,050 (20.93%) .NET
2 2,915 (20.00%) HTML
3 2,704 (18.56%) CSS
4 2,267 (15.56%) AngularJS
5 2,066 (14.18%) React
6 1,610 (11.05%) Node.js
7 1,428 (9.80%) Web Services
8 1,390 (9.54%) Spring
9 1,261 (8.65%) REST
10 1,209 (8.30%) RESTful
11 1,127 (7.73%) HTML5
12 1,003 (6.88%) ASP.NET
13 715 (4.91%) XML
14 714 (4.90%) .NET Core
14 714 (4.90%) Spring Boot
15 711 (4.88%) JSON
16 681 (4.67%) jQuery
16 681 (4.67%) Redux
17 678 (4.65%) CSS3
18 590 (4.05%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 915 (6.28%) Greenfield Project
2 758 (5.20%) User Experience
3 720 (4.94%) Analytical Skills
4 455 (3.12%) Mobile App
5 384 (2.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 303 (2.08%) Fixed Income
7 286 (1.96%) Derivative
8 245 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
9 244 (1.67%) Equities
10 227 (1.56%) Data Structures
11 219 (1.50%) Algorithms
12 188 (1.29%) Hedge funds
13 153 (1.05%) Self-Motivation
14 109 (0.75%) Virtual Team
15 93 (0.64%) W3C
16 80 (0.55%) NHS
17 71 (0.49%) Cloud Native
18 68 (0.47%) Blog
19 66 (0.45%) Equity Derivative
20 64 (0.44%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 894 (6.14%) Linux
2 540 (3.71%) Android
3 462 (3.17%) Apple iOS
4 441 (3.03%) Unix
5 375 (2.57%) Windows
6 48 (0.33%) Windows Server
7 47 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 40 (0.27%) Mac OS X
9 35 (0.24%) AIX
9 35 (0.24%) Mac OS
10 32 (0.22%) CentOS
11 26 (0.18%) Ubuntu
12 24 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
13 23 (0.16%) VMS
14 22 (0.15%) Solaris
15 18 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
16 17 (0.12%) Oracle Linux
17 15 (0.10%) Debian
18 12 (0.082%) Windows 10
19 9 (0.062%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,397 (37.04%) Agile Software Development
2 2,447 (16.79%) TDD
3 1,919 (13.17%) Microservices
4 1,651 (11.33%) Scrum
5 1,559 (10.70%) DevOps
6 1,344 (9.22%) Front End Development
7 1,295 (8.89%) MVC
8 1,222 (8.39%) Business Intelligence
9 1,158 (7.95%) Test Automation
10 1,074 (7.37%) Continuous Integration
11 989 (6.79%) BDD
12 972 (6.67%) Software Engineering
13 867 (5.95%) OO
14 809 (5.55%) Web Development
15 760 (5.22%) Problem-Solving
16 729 (5.00%) ETL
17 727 (4.99%) Unit Testing
18 694 (4.76%) Analytics
19 596 (4.09%) E-Commerce
20 581 (3.99%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 4,610 (31.64%) JavaScript
2 3,839 (26.35%) Java
3 3,465 (23.78%) SQL
4 3,121 (21.42%) C#
5 1,860 (12.76%) Python
6 878 (6.03%) TypeScript
7 869 (5.96%) PHP
8 750 (5.15%) Java 8
9 574 (3.94%) T-SQL
10 532 (3.65%) C++
11 475 (3.26%) Ruby
12 426 (2.92%) Scala
13 400 (2.74%) PL/SQL
14 391 (2.68%) ES6
15 342 (2.35%) Kotlin
16 274 (1.88%) PowerShell
17 255 (1.75%) C
18 245 (1.68%) Apple Swift
19 207 (1.42%) R
20 199 (1.37%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 1,055 (7.24%) Security Cleared
2 807 (5.54%) SC Cleared
3 525 (3.60%) Degree
4 200 (1.37%) Computer Science Degree
5 101 (0.69%) BPSS Clearance
5 101 (0.69%) DV Cleared
6 61 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
7 49 (0.34%) DBS Check
8 38 (0.26%) Master's Degree
9 25 (0.17%) BC Cleared
10 22 (0.15%) CTC Cleared
10 22 (0.15%) Numerate Degree
11 16 (0.11%) AWS Certification
12 13 (0.089%) PhD
13 10 (0.069%) ISTQB
13 10 (0.069%) MCSD
14 9 (0.062%) ITIL Certification
14 9 (0.062%) MCSE
14 9 (0.062%) Sun Certification
15 7 (0.048%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 332 (2.28%) QA
2 109 (0.75%) WCAG
3 101 (0.69%) Data Quality
4 28 (0.19%) GDPR
4 28 (0.19%) MiFID
5 17 (0.12%) SLA
6 14 (0.096%) Disclosure Scotland
6 14 (0.096%) PMO
7 12 (0.082%) HL7
8 10 (0.069%) PSD2
9 6 (0.041%) PCI DSS
10 5 (0.034%) EMIR
10 5 (0.034%) IFRS
11 4 (0.027%) SEPA
12 3 (0.021%) JTAG
12 3 (0.021%) Solvency II
13 2 (0.014%) Basel III
13 2 (0.014%) COREP
13 2 (0.014%) FINREP
13 2 (0.014%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 1,341 (9.20%) Docker
2 130 (0.89%) Active Directory
3 48 (0.33%) Postfix
4 41 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
5 37 (0.25%) HDFS
6 27 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
7 19 (0.13%) vSphere
8 14 (0.096%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 12 (0.082%) VirtualBox
10 11 (0.075%) OpenAM
10 11 (0.075%) OpenDJ
11 9 (0.062%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 8 (0.055%) NDS
12 8 (0.055%) NetIQ eDirectory
13 6 (0.041%) Apache Flume
14 5 (0.034%) Firmware
14 5 (0.034%) Oracle RAC
14 5 (0.034%) zsh
15 4 (0.027%) OpenIDM
16 3 (0.021%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 811 (5.57%) Kubernetes
2 283 (1.94%) Terraform
3 151 (1.04%) Ansible
4 68 (0.47%) Kibana
5 53 (0.36%) Grafana
6 51 (0.35%) Puppet
7 42 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
8 37 (0.25%) logstash
9 36 (0.25%) Opscode Chef
10 33 (0.23%) MIIS
11 25 (0.17%) Docker Swarm
12 19 (0.13%) Tivoli
13 16 (0.11%) Microsoft Intune
13 16 (0.11%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 16 (0.11%) Prometheus
14 13 (0.089%) Control-M
15 10 (0.069%) Hadoop YARN
16 9 (0.062%) Consul
17 8 (0.055%) Oozie
18 7 (0.048%) Oracle Identity Manager
Vendors
1 1,496 (10.27%) Microsoft
2 1,088 (7.47%) Oracle
3 449 (3.08%) Google
4 310 (2.13%) Salesforce.com
5 278 (1.91%) Tableau
6 277 (1.90%) SAP
7 151 (1.04%) IBM
8 131 (0.90%) ServiceNow
9 124 (0.85%) Xamarin
10 111 (0.76%) Adobe
11 110 (0.75%) Informatica
12 102 (0.70%) Sitecore
13 94 (0.65%) webMethods
14 92 (0.63%) Atlassian
15 87 (0.60%) Talend
16 84 (0.58%) MuleSoft
17 80 (0.55%) Cognos
18 70 (0.48%) TIBCO
19 68 (0.47%) Sybase
20 66 (0.45%) BEA