Period
to 16 November 2018

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
16 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1 1 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 26,393 24,977 24,115
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 27.78% 26.40% 24.46%
As % of the Job Titles category 29.32% 27.82% 25.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,698 18,582 17,411
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £638 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £420
% change year-on-year +5.56% +7.14% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 159 222 230
England median hourly rate £44.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £22.26 £25.00 £20.45
90th Percentile £60.69 £63.75 £57.63
UK median hourly rate £43.25 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +1.76% +6.25% +6.67%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 90,002 89,794 93,514
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.72% 94.90% 94.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,135 59,792 61,540
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £256
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £448 £425
% change year-on-year +0.56% +5.29% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,774 2,664 3,027
England median hourly rate £18.28 £18.70 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.23% +3.89% +1.21%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.93 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.68 £46.75
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £18.70 £18.00
% change year-on-year -3.74% +3.89% -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 16 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 14,875 £525 +5.00% 3,846
South East 0 4,021 £438 +9.38% 1,515
North of England -1 3,206 £395 +3.95% 1,840
Midlands 0 1,736 £400 +6.67% 1,083
North West 0 1,629 £388 +3.33% 1,003
South West -1 1,480 £420 +8.39% 796
Yorkshire 0 1,301 £400 +2.56% 663
West Midlands 0 1,047 £413 +10.00% 661
East of England 0 997 £435 +12.26% 758
East Midlands 0 679 £400 +6.67% 421
North East +9 277 £385 +1.32% 174
South Coast +2 2 - -
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 16 November 2018, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 10,913 (41.35%) Agile Software Development
2 9,201 (34.86%) JavaScript
3 8,159 (30.91%) Java
4 6,556 (24.84%) HTML
5 6,239 (23.64%) C#
6 6,153 (23.31%) SQL
7 6,013 (22.78%) CSS
8 5,924 (22.45%) TDD
9 5,782 (21.91%) .NET
10 4,761 (18.04%) AngularJS
11 4,591 (17.39%) Finance
12 3,957 (14.99%) SQL Server
13 3,888 (14.73%) Git (software)
14 3,513 (13.31%) React
15 3,431 (13.00%) Microservices
16 3,213 (12.17%) Spring
17 3,184 (12.06%) MVC
18 3,067 (11.62%) Scrum
19 3,034 (11.50%) HTML5
20 3,025 (11.46%) Node.js
21 2,866 (10.86%) REST
22 2,826 (10.71%) Microsoft Azure
23 2,783 (10.54%) Front End Development
24 2,651 (10.04%) Amazon AWS
25 2,627 (9.95%) Continuous Integration
26 2,611 (9.89%) BDD
27 2,573 (9.75%) Web Services
28 2,459 (9.32%) Banking
29 2,407 (9.12%) ASP.NET
30 2,374 (8.99%) Docker

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 749 (2.84%) CMS
2 688 (2.61%) Confluence
3 674 (2.55%) Elasticsearch
4 549 (2.08%) Tomcat
5 522 (1.98%) Apache Spark
6 511 (1.94%) Apache
7 472 (1.79%) SharePoint
8 414 (1.57%) WebSphere
9 354 (1.34%) WebLogic
10 301 (1.14%) WordPress
11 275 (1.04%) Drupal
12 264 (1.00%) JBoss
13 202 (0.77%) Umbraco
14 200 (0.76%) Mule
15 198 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 192 (0.73%) OpenStack
17 191 (0.72%) IIS
18 155 (0.59%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 125 (0.47%) Apache Solr
20 124 (0.47%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 430 (1.63%) Microsoft Excel
2 188 (0.71%) Photoshop
3 107 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
4 80 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
5 40 (0.15%) Chatbot
6 36 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
7 34 (0.13%) Fireworks
8 33 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 30 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 30 (0.11%) InfoPath
10 24 (0.091%) MS Visio
11 17 (0.064%) InVision
12 16 (0.061%) GIMP
13 6 (0.023%) InDesign
13 6 (0.023%) Maya
14 5 (0.019%) 3ds Max
15 4 (0.015%) Acrobat
15 4 (0.015%) Adobe After Effects
15 4 (0.015%) EngageOne
15 4 (0.015%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 378 (1.43%) Dynamics CRM
2 165 (0.63%) Magento
3 67 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
4 52 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
5 46 (0.17%) ION MarketView
6 45 (0.17%) Oracle EBS R12
7 38 (0.14%) Markit EDM
8 34 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
9 33 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
10 30 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
11 29 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
12 26 (0.099%) Remedy ITSM
12 26 (0.099%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 25 (0.095%) Cognos TM1
13 25 (0.095%) NetSuite
13 25 (0.095%) Oracle General Ledger
14 24 (0.091%) Shopify
15 23 (0.087%) Oracle ERP
16 22 (0.083%) Hyperion Planning
17 21 (0.080%) Cognos Business Intelligence
Cloud Services
1 2,826 (10.71%) Microsoft Azure
2 2,651 (10.04%) Amazon AWS
3 685 (2.60%) GitHub
4 488 (1.85%) Serverless
5 394 (1.49%) Google Cloud Platform
6 333 (1.26%) npm
7 278 (1.05%) AWS Lambda
8 257 (0.97%) Dynamics 365
9 222 (0.84%) PaaS
10 220 (0.83%) SaaS
11 214 (0.81%) Amazon EC2
12 174 (0.66%) Amazon S3
13 162 (0.61%) Office 365
14 123 (0.47%) Amazon SQS
15 121 (0.46%) Heroku
16 108 (0.41%) Azure Data Factory
17 107 (0.41%) OpenShift
18 105 (0.40%) Cloud Computing
19 93 (0.35%) Apigee
20 92 (0.35%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 534 (2.02%) HTTP
2 241 (0.91%) Internet
3 190 (0.72%) TCP/IP
4 156 (0.59%) SSL
5 81 (0.31%) Kerberos
6 75 (0.28%) DNS
6 75 (0.28%) SMS
7 73 (0.28%) Intranet
8 69 (0.26%) AMQP
9 60 (0.23%) FTP
10 53 (0.20%) Firewall
11 49 (0.19%) SSH
12 42 (0.16%) HTTPS
13 39 (0.15%) Bluetooth
14 34 (0.13%) SMTP
15 32 (0.12%) Skype
16 28 (0.11%) SNMP
17 26 (0.099%) Reverse Proxy
18 22 (0.083%) Network Security
19 21 (0.080%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,957 (14.99%) SQL Server
2 1,625 (6.16%) NoSQL
3 1,494 (5.66%) MySQL
4 1,330 (5.04%) Relational Database
5 1,217 (4.61%) MongoDB
6 1,191 (4.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 1,143 (4.33%) PostgreSQL
8 1,056 (4.00%) Data Warehouse
9 932 (3.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 772 (2.93%) Big Data
11 656 (2.49%) Hadoop
12 576 (2.18%) Power BI
13 524 (1.99%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 442 (1.67%) Apache Cassandra
15 439 (1.66%) RDBMS
16 420 (1.59%) Oracle Database
17 314 (1.19%) SQL Server 2016
18 290 (1.10%) Redis
19 280 (1.06%) SQL Server 2012
20 267 (1.01%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 3,888 (14.73%) Git (software)
2 2,152 (8.15%) Jenkins
3 1,591 (6.03%) JIRA
4 1,297 (4.91%) Maven
5 901 (3.41%) JUnit
6 835 (3.16%) Selenium
7 802 (3.04%) Visual Studio
8 758 (2.87%) Subversion
9 660 (2.50%) TeamCity
10 646 (2.45%) Team Foundation Server
11 617 (2.34%) Cucumber
12 560 (2.12%) gulp
13 548 (2.08%) webpack
14 400 (1.52%) Gradle
15 399 (1.51%) Jasmine
16 390 (1.48%) NUnit
17 383 (1.45%) Mockito
18 360 (1.36%) Visual Studio Team System
19 353 (1.34%) Grunt
20 338 (1.28%) Bitbucket
General
1 4,591 (17.39%) Finance
2 2,459 (9.32%) Banking
3 1,336 (5.06%) Front Office
4 855 (3.24%) Retail
5 768 (2.91%) Investment Banking
6 489 (1.85%) Marketing
7 389 (1.47%) Telecoms
8 339 (1.28%) Games
9 246 (0.93%) Back Office
10 242 (0.92%) Advertising
11 238 (0.90%) Law
12 228 (0.86%) Manufacturing
13 213 (0.81%) Financial Institution
14 190 (0.72%) Legal
15 156 (0.59%) Publishing
16 145 (0.55%) Electronics
17 83 (0.31%) Automotive
18 68 (0.26%) Billing
19 62 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
20 51 (0.19%) General Ledger
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,556 (24.84%) HTML
2 6,013 (22.78%) CSS
3 5,782 (21.91%) .NET
4 4,761 (18.04%) AngularJS
5 3,513 (13.31%) React
6 3,213 (12.17%) Spring
7 3,034 (11.50%) HTML5
8 3,025 (11.46%) Node.js
9 2,866 (10.86%) REST
10 2,573 (9.75%) Web Services
11 2,407 (9.12%) ASP.NET
12 2,326 (8.81%) RESTful
13 2,235 (8.47%) jQuery
14 1,903 (7.21%) CSS3
15 1,641 (6.22%) Spring Boot
16 1,640 (6.21%) XML
17 1,543 (5.85%) JSON
18 1,449 (5.49%) ASP.NET Web API
19 1,393 (5.28%) .NET Framework
20 1,305 (4.94%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 2,023 (7.66%) Greenfield Project
2 1,458 (5.52%) User Experience
3 1,000 (3.79%) Analytical Skills
4 784 (2.97%) Computer Science
5 779 (2.95%) Fintech
6 770 (2.92%) Mobile App
7 620 (2.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 613 (2.32%) Fixed Income
9 498 (1.89%) Derivative
10 445 (1.69%) Algorithms
11 422 (1.60%) Data Structures
12 384 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
13 376 (1.42%) Equities
14 324 (1.23%) Self-Motivation
15 273 (1.03%) Hedge funds
16 181 (0.69%) Linux Command Line
17 134 (0.51%) Equity Derivative
18 118 (0.45%) Market Risk
19 104 (0.39%) Virtual Team
20 101 (0.38%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 1,760 (6.67%) Linux
2 1,088 (4.12%) Unix
3 844 (3.20%) Windows
4 798 (3.02%) Android
5 696 (2.64%) Apple iOS
6 115 (0.44%) VMS
7 113 (0.43%) Windows Server
8 89 (0.34%) Solaris
9 80 (0.30%) Ubuntu
10 73 (0.28%) Mac OS X
11 60 (0.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 54 (0.20%) CentOS
13 41 (0.16%) AIX
14 30 (0.11%) Mac OS
14 30 (0.11%) Windows 7
15 29 (0.11%) OpenVMS
16 28 (0.11%) Windows 10
17 27 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
18 23 (0.087%) Windows 8
19 18 (0.068%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,913 (41.35%) Agile Software Development
2 5,924 (22.45%) TDD
3 3,431 (13.00%) Microservices
4 3,184 (12.06%) MVC
5 3,067 (11.62%) Scrum
6 2,783 (10.54%) Front End Development
7 2,627 (9.95%) Continuous Integration
8 2,611 (9.89%) BDD
9 2,359 (8.94%) Test Automation
10 2,313 (8.76%) OO
11 2,181 (8.26%) DevOps
12 1,756 (6.65%) Web Development
13 1,616 (6.12%) Software Engineering
14 1,609 (6.10%) Unit Testing
15 1,606 (6.08%) Business Intelligence
16 1,444 (5.47%) E-Commerce
17 1,440 (5.46%) Problem-Solving
18 1,155 (4.38%) ETL
19 1,102 (4.18%) SDLC
20 1,099 (4.16%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 9,201 (34.86%) JavaScript
2 8,159 (30.91%) Java
3 6,239 (23.64%) C#
4 6,153 (23.31%) SQL
5 2,352 (8.91%) Python
6 2,206 (8.36%) Java 8
7 1,557 (5.90%) PHP
8 1,156 (4.38%) TypeScript
9 1,085 (4.11%) T-SQL
10 988 (3.74%) C++
11 970 (3.68%) Scala
12 885 (3.35%) ES6
13 656 (2.49%) PL/SQL
14 511 (1.94%) Ruby
15 449 (1.70%) C
16 376 (1.42%) PowerShell
17 358 (1.36%) Go
18 352 (1.33%) Apple Swift
19 335 (1.27%) Shell Script
20 323 (1.22%) VBA
Qualifications
1 1,283 (4.86%) Security Cleared
2 1,072 (4.06%) Degree
3 1,000 (3.79%) SC Cleared
4 373 (1.41%) Computer Science Degree
5 168 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
6 104 (0.39%) DV Cleared
7 70 (0.27%) Master's Degree
8 58 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
9 47 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
10 44 (0.17%) PhD
11 43 (0.16%) DBS Check
12 35 (0.13%) AWS Certification
13 23 (0.087%) MCSE
14 21 (0.080%) ISTQB
15 19 (0.072%) CTC Cleared
16 16 (0.061%) ITIL Certification
17 13 (0.049%) BC Cleared
17 13 (0.049%) ISEB
18 12 (0.045%) Postgraduate
19 9 (0.034%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 699 (2.65%) QA
2 145 (0.55%) Data Quality
3 68 (0.26%) GDPR
4 67 (0.25%) WCAG
5 54 (0.20%) SLA
6 34 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
7 32 (0.12%) PMO
8 31 (0.12%) MiFID
9 20 (0.076%) EMIR
10 14 (0.053%) PCI DSS
11 13 (0.049%) Dodd-Frank
11 13 (0.049%) WAI
12 12 (0.045%) PSD2
13 11 (0.042%) HL7
13 11 (0.042%) IFRS
14 10 (0.038%) ISO/IEC 27001
15 9 (0.034%) Basel III
15 9 (0.034%) IFRS 9
15 9 (0.034%) ISO 20022
15 9 (0.034%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 2,374 (8.99%) Docker
2 137 (0.52%) HDFS
3 104 (0.39%) Active Directory
4 75 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 70 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
6 53 (0.20%) vSphere
7 29 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
8 26 (0.099%) Oracle RAC
9 22 (0.083%) OpenAM
10 20 (0.076%) Firmware
11 19 (0.072%) Apache Flume
12 17 (0.064%) VirtualBox
13 13 (0.049%) OpenDJ
14 12 (0.045%) Hyper-V
15 10 (0.038%) KVM
16 9 (0.034%) Time Sharing Option
17 6 (0.023%) Platform Symphony
18 5 (0.019%) Microsoft App-V
19 3 (0.011%) Squid
19 3 (0.011%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 888 (3.36%) Kubernetes
2 700 (2.65%) Ansible
3 485 (1.84%) Puppet
4 393 (1.49%) Opscode Chef
5 341 (1.29%) Terraform
6 116 (0.44%) Kibana
7 104 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
8 100 (0.38%) Grafana
9 85 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
10 62 (0.23%) Cobbler
11 56 (0.21%) Mesos
12 52 (0.20%) Docker Swarm
13 45 (0.17%) Prometheus
14 42 (0.16%) logstash
15 34 (0.13%) Marathon
16 32 (0.12%) Graphite
17 27 (0.10%) Control-M
18 26 (0.099%) Rancher
19 23 (0.087%) CA Single Sign-On
19 23 (0.087%) Salt
Vendors
1 2,306 (8.74%) Oracle
2 2,259 (8.56%) Microsoft
3 691 (2.62%) Google
4 507 (1.92%) SAP
5 359 (1.36%) Salesforce.com
6 345 (1.31%) Tableau
7 327 (1.24%) Adobe
8 303 (1.15%) IBM
9 236 (0.89%) Sitecore
10 206 (0.78%) MuleSoft
11 184 (0.70%) Atlassian
12 178 (0.67%) ServiceNow
13 168 (0.64%) Splunk
14 167 (0.63%) Sybase
15 151 (0.57%) Informatica
16 144 (0.55%) TIBCO
17 133 (0.50%) Xamarin
18 130 (0.49%) Talend
19 124 (0.47%) Zend
20 123 (0.47%) Apple