Period
to 20 January 2021

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 7,948 15,719 24,009
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 23.12% 23.90% 26.72%
As % of the Job Titles category 25.02% 25.48% 28.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,034 11,928 18,559
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £313 £325 £325
90th Percentile £675 £638 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 83 93 118
Median hourly rate £47.50 £46.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +5.88%
10th Percentile £24.20 £15.65 £24.71
90th Percentile £62.03 £78.75 £60.63
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.00
% change year-on-year - +2.27% +6.02%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 31,771 61,695 85,112
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.42% 93.81% 94.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,776 41,774 57,884
Median daily rate £475 £463 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% - +2.78%
10th Percentile £255 £250 £275
90th Percentile £656 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £470 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +4.44% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,165 2,238 2,429
Median hourly rate £22.50 £18.00 £17.66
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.00% +1.93% -1.06%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £57.17 £50.00 £48.75
Median hourly rate £23.00 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +27.78% +2.86% -1.35%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 20 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 5,039 £525 - 1,740
North of England 0 885 £425 +6.18% 1,030
South East -3 595 £425 -1.73% 616
North West -1 458 £400 - 612
Midlands 0 455 £375 -6.25% 568
South West -1 398 £450 +4.05% 388
Yorkshire 0 337 £425 - 323
West Midlands -1 290 £375 -11.76% 352
East of England -1 201 £450 +8.43% 277
East Midlands -2 157 £373 -0.53% 214
North East -2 90 £450 +11.11% 95
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 20 January 2021, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 2,818 (35.46%) Agile Software Development
2 2,517 (31.67%) Java
3 2,487 (31.29%) JavaScript
4 1,675 (21.07%) Finance
5 1,657 (20.85%) SQL
6 1,464 (18.42%) AWS
7 1,392 (17.51%) React
8 1,379 (17.35%) Python
9 1,315 (16.55%) Azure
10 1,294 (16.28%) HTML
11 1,242 (15.63%) CSS
12 1,203 (15.14%) .NET
13 1,173 (14.76%) TDD
14 1,154 (14.52%) Node.js
15 1,137 (14.31%) C#
16 1,121 (14.10%) Microservices
17 1,099 (13.83%) Docker
18 1,045 (13.15%) AngularJS
19 1,044 (13.14%) Git (software)
20 1,023 (12.87%) Banking
21 993 (12.49%) Software Engineering
22 969 (12.19%) DevOps
23 920 (11.58%) Web Services
24 916 (11.52%) Front Office
25 878 (11.05%) Spring
26 841 (10.58%) Kubernetes
27 757 (9.52%) SQL Server
28 746 (9.39%) REST
29 704 (8.86%) Scrum
30 673 (8.47%) Front End Development

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 217 (2.73%) Apache
2 187 (2.35%) Confluence
3 174 (2.19%) Apache Spark
4 169 (2.13%) Elasticsearch
5 144 (1.81%) Mule
6 130 (1.64%) CMS
7 122 (1.53%) SharePoint
8 95 (1.20%) Red Hat Fuse
9 91 (1.14%) WordPress
10 84 (1.06%) WebLogic
11 68 (0.86%) JBoss
12 67 (0.84%) WebSphere
13 51 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 46 (0.58%) Drupal
15 44 (0.55%) IIS
16 37 (0.47%) BizTalk Server
17 36 (0.45%) Tomcat
18 30 (0.38%) Cloud Foundry
19 29 (0.36%) Oracle Service Bus
20 28 (0.35%) Appian
Applications
1 102 (1.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 51 (0.64%) Microsoft Office
3 32 (0.40%) Spreadsheet
4 20 (0.25%) Photoshop
5 15 (0.19%) MS Visio
6 13 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 10 (0.13%) Adobe XD
8 8 (0.10%) Chatbot
9 7 (0.088%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 7 (0.088%) Adobe Illustrator
9 7 (0.088%) Figma
9 7 (0.088%) InVision
9 7 (0.088%) Sketch
9 7 (0.088%) Zeplin
10 3 (0.038%) Microsoft Project
11 2 (0.025%) 3ds Max
11 2 (0.025%) Adobe Captivate
11 2 (0.025%) InfoPath
11 2 (0.025%) Maya
11 2 (0.025%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 91 (1.14%) Dynamics CRM
2 37 (0.47%) Magento
3 22 (0.28%) ION MarketView
4 21 (0.26%) Shopify
5 18 (0.23%) Maximo
6 15 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
7 13 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
7 13 (0.16%) SunGard Martini
8 12 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 10 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
10 9 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
10 9 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
10 9 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
10 9 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
11 8 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
12 7 (0.088%) SAP Hybris
12 7 (0.088%) SAP S/4HANA
13 6 (0.075%) Markit EDM
14 5 (0.063%) OPENHousing
14 5 (0.063%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,464 (18.42%) AWS
2 1,315 (16.55%) Azure
3 502 (6.32%) Serverless
4 429 (5.40%) GCP
5 348 (4.38%) AWS Lambda
6 328 (4.13%) Power Platform
7 244 (3.07%) GitHub
8 238 (2.99%) Amazon S3
9 132 (1.66%) Amazon EC2
10 115 (1.45%) Amazon SQS
11 98 (1.23%) SaaS
12 89 (1.12%) Dynamics 365
13 85 (1.07%) AWS Step Functions
13 85 (1.07%) PaaS
14 80 (1.01%) Apigee
15 77 (0.97%) Cloud Computing
16 73 (0.92%) OpenShift
17 72 (0.91%) PowerApps
18 70 (0.88%) Amazon ECS
19 67 (0.84%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 101 (1.27%) HTTP
2 38 (0.48%) Internet
2 38 (0.48%) TCP/IP
3 32 (0.40%) Firewall
4 21 (0.26%) DNS
4 21 (0.26%) SSL
5 19 (0.24%) Multicast
6 17 (0.21%) HTTPS
6 17 (0.21%) Intranet
7 12 (0.15%) VPN
8 10 (0.13%) IPv4
8 10 (0.13%) IPv6
8 10 (0.13%) Wi-Fi
9 8 (0.10%) Bluetooth
9 8 (0.10%) FTP
9 8 (0.10%) Kerberos
10 7 (0.088%) AMQP
10 7 (0.088%) DHCP
11 6 (0.075%) Broadband
11 6 (0.075%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 757 (9.52%) SQL Server
2 381 (4.79%) MySQL
3 329 (4.14%) Relational Database
4 301 (3.79%) PostgreSQL
5 297 (3.74%) NoSQL
6 282 (3.55%) MongoDB
7 280 (3.52%) Power BI
8 253 (3.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 232 (2.92%) Data Warehouse
10 209 (2.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 169 (2.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 158 (1.99%) Big Data
13 139 (1.75%) Oracle Database
14 133 (1.67%) Amazon RDS
15 123 (1.55%) Hadoop
16 115 (1.45%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 94 (1.18%) Tableau
18 90 (1.13%) Azure SQL Database
19 76 (0.96%) RDBMS
19 76 (0.96%) Redis
Development Applications
1 1,044 (13.14%) Git (software)
2 669 (8.42%) Jenkins
3 376 (4.73%) JIRA
4 284 (3.57%) Maven
5 176 (2.21%) JUnit
6 162 (2.04%) Visual Studio
7 148 (1.86%) GitLab
8 133 (1.67%) webpack
9 117 (1.47%) Subversion
10 104 (1.31%) Selenium
11 96 (1.21%) Gradle
12 94 (1.18%) Cucumber
13 91 (1.14%) Bitbucket
14 88 (1.11%) Sonatype Nexus
15 87 (1.09%) gulp
16 83 (1.04%) SonarQube
17 76 (0.96%) Team Foundation Server
18 74 (0.93%) Mockito
19 66 (0.83%) TeamCity
20 63 (0.79%) Jasmine
General
1 1,675 (21.07%) Finance
2 1,023 (12.87%) Banking
3 916 (11.52%) Front Office
4 467 (5.88%) Investment Banking
5 366 (4.60%) Public Sector
6 198 (2.49%) Marketing
7 121 (1.52%) Retail
8 117 (1.47%) Telecoms
9 106 (1.33%) Law
10 91 (1.14%) Manufacturing
11 76 (0.96%) Electronics
12 69 (0.87%) Games
13 49 (0.62%) Advertising
14 48 (0.60%) Back Office
14 48 (0.60%) Financial Institution
15 28 (0.35%) Publishing
16 23 (0.29%) Automotive
16 23 (0.29%) Local Government
17 21 (0.26%) Retail Banking
18 19 (0.24%) French Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,392 (17.51%) React
2 1,294 (16.28%) HTML
3 1,242 (15.63%) CSS
4 1,203 (15.14%) .NET
5 1,154 (14.52%) Node.js
6 1,045 (13.15%) AngularJS
7 920 (11.58%) Web Services
8 878 (11.05%) Spring
9 746 (9.39%) REST
10 494 (6.22%) Spring Boot
11 492 (6.19%) HTML5
12 460 (5.79%) RESTful
13 360 (4.53%) Vue.js
14 343 (4.32%) JSON
15 336 (4.23%) Kafka
16 328 (4.13%) ASP.NET
16 328 (4.13%) Redux
17 327 (4.11%) .NET Core
18 314 (3.95%) XML
19 285 (3.59%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 446 (5.61%) User Experience
2 443 (5.57%) Fixed Income
3 435 (5.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 356 (4.48%) Greenfield Project
5 345 (4.34%) Derivative
6 305 (3.84%) Equities
7 292 (3.67%) Analytical Skills
8 237 (2.98%) Mobile App
9 208 (2.62%) Hedge funds
10 127 (1.60%) Data Structures
11 103 (1.30%) Algorithms
12 97 (1.22%) NHS
13 94 (1.18%) Enterprise Software
14 88 (1.11%) Public Cloud
15 85 (1.07%) Blog
16 77 (0.97%) Self-Motivation
17 72 (0.91%) Virtual Team
18 71 (0.89%) Cloud Native
19 49 (0.62%) Credit Risk
20 47 (0.59%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 632 (7.95%) Linux
2 317 (3.99%) Android
3 288 (3.62%) Apple iOS
4 286 (3.60%) Unix
5 219 (2.76%) Windows
6 37 (0.47%) Mac OS X
7 27 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 17 (0.21%) Windows Server
9 13 (0.16%) Mac OS
10 11 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
10 11 (0.14%) Ubuntu
11 10 (0.13%) CentOS
11 10 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
12 9 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
13 7 (0.088%) AIX
14 6 (0.075%) Windows 10
15 5 (0.063%) Android TV
15 5 (0.063%) SUSE
15 5 (0.063%) tvOS
16 4 (0.050%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,818 (35.46%) Agile Software Development
2 1,173 (14.76%) TDD
3 1,121 (14.10%) Microservices
4 993 (12.49%) Software Engineering
5 969 (12.19%) DevOps
6 704 (8.86%) Scrum
7 673 (8.47%) Front End Development
8 590 (7.42%) Test Automation
9 579 (7.28%) Business Intelligence
10 478 (6.01%) BDD
11 476 (5.99%) Asset Management
12 452 (5.69%) Continuous Integration
13 443 (5.57%) OO
14 436 (5.49%) Problem-Solving
15 385 (4.84%) Unit Testing
16 371 (4.67%) Analytics
17 367 (4.62%) MVC
18 364 (4.58%) Web Development
19 358 (4.50%) Multithreading
20 332 (4.18%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,517 (31.67%) Java
2 2,487 (31.29%) JavaScript
3 1,657 (20.85%) SQL
4 1,379 (17.35%) Python
5 1,137 (14.31%) C#
6 624 (7.85%) TypeScript
7 460 (5.79%) C++
8 420 (5.28%) Java 8
9 399 (5.02%) Kotlin
10 379 (4.77%) PHP
11 350 (4.40%) Scala
12 254 (3.20%) PL/SQL
13 202 (2.54%) Go
14 189 (2.38%) T-SQL
15 156 (1.96%) C
16 153 (1.93%) Apple Swift
17 151 (1.90%) Shell Script
18 148 (1.86%) ES6
19 136 (1.71%) Ruby
20 103 (1.30%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 665 (8.37%) Security Cleared
2 556 (7.00%) SC Cleared
3 322 (4.05%) Degree
4 119 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
5 81 (1.02%) DV Cleared
6 40 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
7 38 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
8 27 (0.34%) PhD
9 21 (0.26%) Master's Degree
10 19 (0.24%) AWS Certification
11 10 (0.13%) DBS Check
12 8 (0.10%) CTC Cleared
13 7 (0.088%) Microsoft Certification
14 6 (0.075%) BC Cleared
15 5 (0.063%) Sun Certification
16 4 (0.050%) OCPJP
17 3 (0.038%) MCSE
18 2 (0.025%) ISEB
18 2 (0.025%) ISTQB
18 2 (0.025%) MySQL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 197 (2.48%) QA
2 53 (0.67%) Data Quality
3 43 (0.54%) WCAG
4 18 (0.23%) GDPR
5 12 (0.15%) MiFID
6 11 (0.14%) SLA
7 10 (0.13%) Dublin Core
8 7 (0.088%) PMO
9 5 (0.063%) COREP
9 5 (0.063%) FINREP
9 5 (0.063%) PSD2
10 4 (0.050%) PCI DSS
11 3 (0.038%) Disclosure Scotland
11 3 (0.038%) ECSS
11 3 (0.038%) IFRS
11 3 (0.038%) ISO 26262
11 3 (0.038%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.038%) WAI
12 2 (0.025%) Cyber Essentials
12 2 (0.025%) NCSC
System Software
1 1,099 (13.83%) Docker
2 52 (0.65%) Active Directory
3 40 (0.50%) HDFS
4 16 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
5 13 (0.16%) NDS
5 13 (0.16%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 12 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 12 (0.15%) Firmware
7 8 (0.10%) VMware Infrastructure
8 6 (0.075%) Time Sharing Option
9 5 (0.063%) Postfix
10 3 (0.038%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.038%) Varnish
11 2 (0.025%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 2 (0.025%) etcd
11 2 (0.025%) GridGain
11 2 (0.025%) KVM
12 1 (0.013%) OpenDJ
12 1 (0.013%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.013%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 841 (10.58%) Kubernetes
2 415 (5.22%) Terraform
3 155 (1.95%) Ansible
4 47 (0.59%) Puppet
5 43 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
6 33 (0.42%) Grafana
7 30 (0.38%) Prometheus
8 27 (0.34%) Kibana
9 19 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
10 13 (0.16%) Control-M
10 13 (0.16%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 11 (0.14%) Consul
12 9 (0.11%) Oozie
13 8 (0.10%) HP Quality Center
14 7 (0.088%) logstash
14 7 (0.088%) Nessus
14 7 (0.088%) Tivoli
15 6 (0.075%) Hadoop YARN
16 5 (0.063%) Netcool
16 5 (0.063%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 617 (7.76%) Oracle
2 508 (6.39%) Microsoft
3 230 (2.89%) Google
4 201 (2.53%) Salesforce.com
5 184 (2.32%) SAP
6 105 (1.32%) MuleSoft
7 97 (1.22%) Splunk
8 83 (1.04%) ServiceNow
9 79 (0.99%) Adobe
10 77 (0.97%) IBM
11 75 (0.94%) webMethods
12 60 (0.75%) Bloomberg
13 59 (0.74%) BEA
13 59 (0.74%) Informatica
14 57 (0.72%) Databricks
15 51 (0.64%) Red Hat
16 50 (0.63%) Atlassian
17 48 (0.60%) AppDynamics
18 47 (0.59%) ION Trading
19 45 (0.57%) Sybase