Period
to 22 January 2019

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 2 1 1
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 24,390 24,042 22,166
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 26.71% 26.21% 25.04%
As % of the Job Titles category 28.21% 27.63% 26.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,255 18,095 16,040
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £638 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 137 175 214
England median hourly rate £45.00 £41.15 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.36% +2.88% -
10th Percentile £27.75 £21.25 £19.07
90th Percentile £60.63 £63.75 £51.12
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £41.15 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.71% +2.88% +3.90%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 86,451 87,006 83,952
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.68% 94.85% 94.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,812 58,342 55,275
England median daily rate £465 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £256
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,585 2,552 2,887
England median hourly rate £18.70 £18.36 £18.39
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.84% -0.12% -0.62%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.83 £46.98
UK median hourly rate £18.70 £18.50 £18.00
% change year-on-year +1.08% +2.78% -5.26%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 22 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 13,658 £525 +5.00% 3,621
South East 0 3,764 £450 +12.50% 1,449
North of England 0 2,878 £400 +6.67% 1,835
Midlands 0 1,618 £410 +9.33% 1,047
South West -1 1,484 £425 +6.25% 795
North West 0 1,424 £400 +6.67% 1,003
Yorkshire 0 1,216 £400 - 701
West Midlands 0 1,000 £410 +9.33% 608
East of England 0 910 £440 +10.00% 588
East Midlands 0 605 £405 +8.00% 438
North East +9 237 £406 +4.17% 131
South Coast +2 4 - -
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 22 January 2019, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 10,124 (41.51%) Agile Software Development
2 8,472 (34.74%) JavaScript
3 7,432 (30.47%) Java
4 6,064 (24.86%) HTML
5 5,664 (23.22%) C#
6 5,636 (23.11%) SQL
7 5,540 (22.71%) CSS
8 5,443 (22.32%) TDD
9 5,375 (22.04%) .NET
10 4,303 (17.64%) AngularJS
11 4,239 (17.38%) Finance
12 3,734 (15.31%) SQL Server
12 3,734 (15.31%) Git (software)
13 3,349 (13.73%) React
14 3,221 (13.21%) Microservices
15 2,974 (12.19%) Spring
16 2,935 (12.03%) Node.js
17 2,896 (11.87%) MVC
18 2,789 (11.44%) Microsoft Azure
19 2,785 (11.42%) REST
20 2,691 (11.03%) Scrum
21 2,654 (10.88%) HTML5
22 2,564 (10.51%) Front End Development
23 2,494 (10.23%) Amazon AWS
24 2,416 (9.91%) BDD
25 2,382 (9.77%) Continuous Integration
26 2,334 (9.57%) Web Services
27 2,291 (9.39%) Test Automation
28 2,243 (9.20%) Python
29 2,237 (9.17%) Docker

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 694 (2.85%) CMS
2 653 (2.68%) Confluence
3 650 (2.67%) Elasticsearch
4 491 (2.01%) Apache Spark
5 468 (1.92%) SharePoint
6 458 (1.88%) Apache
7 425 (1.74%) Tomcat
8 366 (1.50%) WebSphere
9 327 (1.34%) WebLogic
10 257 (1.05%) Drupal
11 244 (1.00%) WordPress
12 237 (0.97%) JBoss
13 202 (0.83%) Mule
14 189 (0.77%) Umbraco
15 162 (0.66%) IIS
16 150 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 146 (0.60%) OpenStack
18 140 (0.57%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 109 (0.45%) Apache Solr
20 108 (0.44%) SAS
Applications
1 417 (1.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 149 (0.61%) Photoshop
3 118 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
4 64 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
5 31 (0.13%) Chatbot
6 30 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
7 28 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 25 (0.10%) Fireworks
9 23 (0.094%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 18 (0.074%) MS Visio
11 17 (0.070%) InfoPath
11 17 (0.070%) InVision
12 6 (0.025%) EngageOne
12 6 (0.025%) Maya
13 5 (0.021%) GIMP
14 4 (0.016%) SPSS
15 3 (0.012%) 3ds Max
15 3 (0.012%) Acrobat
15 3 (0.012%) InDesign
15 3 (0.012%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 427 (1.75%) Dynamics CRM
2 185 (0.76%) Magento
3 49 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
4 44 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
5 36 (0.15%) ION MarketView
5 36 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
6 35 (0.14%) NetSuite
7 34 (0.14%) Markit EDM
8 31 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
9 30 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
10 27 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
11 24 (0.098%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 24 (0.098%) Shopify
12 23 (0.094%) Payment Gateway
13 22 (0.090%) Oracle ERP
14 21 (0.086%) Endur
15 20 (0.082%) Cognos TM1
16 19 (0.078%) Cognos Business Intelligence
17 17 (0.070%) Maximo
18 16 (0.066%) PeopleSoft HCM
Cloud Services
1 2,789 (11.44%) Microsoft Azure
2 2,494 (10.23%) Amazon AWS
3 705 (2.89%) GitHub
4 504 (2.07%) Serverless
5 407 (1.67%) Google Cloud Platform
6 287 (1.18%) Dynamics 365
7 286 (1.17%) AWS Lambda
8 269 (1.10%) SaaS
9 258 (1.06%) PaaS
10 253 (1.04%) npm
11 199 (0.82%) Amazon EC2
12 193 (0.79%) Office 365
13 157 (0.64%) Azure Data Factory
14 149 (0.61%) Amazon S3
15 116 (0.48%) Amazon SQS
16 109 (0.45%) Apigee
16 109 (0.45%) Heroku
17 103 (0.42%) Azure Functions
18 95 (0.39%) Google Analytics
19 94 (0.39%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 531 (2.18%) HTTP
2 214 (0.88%) Internet
3 176 (0.72%) TCP/IP
4 173 (0.71%) SSL
5 74 (0.30%) DNS
6 62 (0.25%) FTP
6 62 (0.25%) Kerberos
7 58 (0.24%) Firewall
8 56 (0.23%) AMQP
8 56 (0.23%) Intranet
8 56 (0.23%) SSH
9 45 (0.18%) Skype
10 37 (0.15%) HTTPS
11 31 (0.13%) Bluetooth
12 28 (0.11%) DHCP
12 28 (0.11%) Reverse Proxy
13 27 (0.11%) SMS
13 27 (0.11%) SNMP
14 26 (0.11%) SMTP
15 20 (0.082%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,734 (15.31%) SQL Server
2 1,513 (6.20%) NoSQL
3 1,389 (5.69%) MySQL
4 1,247 (5.11%) Relational Database
5 1,170 (4.80%) MongoDB
6 1,124 (4.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 996 (4.08%) PostgreSQL
8 993 (4.07%) Data Warehouse
9 845 (3.46%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 677 (2.78%) Big Data
11 631 (2.59%) Power BI
12 561 (2.30%) Hadoop
13 500 (2.05%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 435 (1.78%) Apache Cassandra
15 390 (1.60%) Oracle Database
16 369 (1.51%) RDBMS
17 296 (1.21%) Redis
18 278 (1.14%) SQL Server 2016
19 261 (1.07%) SQL Server 2012
20 242 (0.99%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 3,734 (15.31%) Git (software)
2 2,037 (8.35%) Jenkins
3 1,395 (5.72%) JIRA
4 1,125 (4.61%) Maven
5 860 (3.53%) JUnit
6 795 (3.26%) Subversion
7 777 (3.19%) Visual Studio
8 740 (3.03%) Selenium
9 614 (2.52%) Cucumber
10 604 (2.48%) Team Foundation Server
11 534 (2.19%) TeamCity
12 531 (2.18%) gulp
13 480 (1.97%) webpack
14 390 (1.60%) Jasmine
15 378 (1.55%) Mockito
16 376 (1.54%) Visual Studio Team System
17 341 (1.40%) Gradle
18 335 (1.37%) Grunt
19 323 (1.32%) NUnit
20 316 (1.30%) Mocha
General
1 4,239 (17.38%) Finance
2 2,160 (8.86%) Banking
3 1,185 (4.86%) Front Office
4 745 (3.05%) Retail
5 632 (2.59%) Investment Banking
6 442 (1.81%) Marketing
7 356 (1.46%) Telecoms
8 318 (1.30%) Games
9 241 (0.99%) Law
10 222 (0.91%) Manufacturing
11 207 (0.85%) Advertising
12 200 (0.82%) Back Office
13 179 (0.73%) Financial Institution
14 178 (0.73%) Legal
15 171 (0.70%) Publishing
16 149 (0.61%) Electronics
17 75 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
18 72 (0.30%) Automotive
19 69 (0.28%) Billing
20 41 (0.17%) Retail Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,064 (24.86%) HTML
2 5,540 (22.71%) CSS
3 5,375 (22.04%) .NET
4 4,303 (17.64%) AngularJS
5 3,349 (13.73%) React
6 2,974 (12.19%) Spring
7 2,935 (12.03%) Node.js
8 2,785 (11.42%) REST
9 2,654 (10.88%) HTML5
10 2,334 (9.57%) Web Services
11 2,229 (9.14%) RESTful
12 2,138 (8.77%) ASP.NET
13 1,967 (8.06%) jQuery
14 1,564 (6.41%) CSS3
15 1,527 (6.26%) Spring Boot
16 1,458 (5.98%) JSON
17 1,415 (5.80%) XML
18 1,295 (5.31%) .NET Framework
19 1,261 (5.17%) ASP.NET Web API
20 1,226 (5.03%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 1,909 (7.83%) Greenfield Project
2 1,283 (5.26%) User Experience
3 952 (3.90%) Analytical Skills
4 778 (3.19%) Fintech
5 711 (2.92%) Mobile App
6 542 (2.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 502 (2.06%) Fixed Income
8 456 (1.87%) Derivative
9 429 (1.76%) Data Structures
10 403 (1.65%) Algorithms
11 351 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
12 312 (1.28%) Hedge funds
13 306 (1.25%) Equities
14 305 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
15 184 (0.75%) Linux Command Line
16 112 (0.46%) Equity Derivative
17 108 (0.44%) Virtual Team
18 101 (0.41%) Credit Risk
19 100 (0.41%) NHS
20 99 (0.41%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 1,676 (6.87%) Linux
2 1,051 (4.31%) Unix
3 790 (3.24%) Windows
4 756 (3.10%) Android
5 639 (2.62%) Apple iOS
6 107 (0.44%) Windows Server
7 106 (0.43%) Mac OS X
8 86 (0.35%) VMS
9 76 (0.31%) Solaris
9 76 (0.31%) Ubuntu
10 66 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 64 (0.26%) CentOS
12 38 (0.16%) VME
13 37 (0.15%) Mac OS
14 34 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
15 31 (0.13%) Windows 10
16 27 (0.11%) AIX
16 27 (0.11%) Windows 7
17 22 (0.090%) Windows 8
18 20 (0.082%) OpenVMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,124 (41.51%) Agile Software Development
2 5,443 (22.32%) TDD
3 3,221 (13.21%) Microservices
4 2,896 (11.87%) MVC
5 2,691 (11.03%) Scrum
6 2,564 (10.51%) Front End Development
7 2,416 (9.91%) BDD
8 2,382 (9.77%) Continuous Integration
9 2,291 (9.39%) Test Automation
10 2,138 (8.77%) DevOps
11 2,098 (8.60%) OO
12 1,603 (6.57%) Web Development
13 1,535 (6.29%) Business Intelligence
14 1,498 (6.14%) Software Engineering
15 1,395 (5.72%) Unit Testing
16 1,265 (5.19%) Problem-Solving
17 1,253 (5.14%) E-Commerce
18 1,109 (4.55%) ETL
19 1,042 (4.27%) SDLC
20 1,000 (4.10%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 8,472 (34.74%) JavaScript
2 7,432 (30.47%) Java
3 5,664 (23.22%) C#
4 5,636 (23.11%) SQL
5 2,243 (9.20%) Python
6 1,948 (7.99%) Java 8
7 1,429 (5.86%) PHP
8 1,136 (4.66%) TypeScript
9 1,086 (4.45%) T-SQL
10 902 (3.70%) Scala
11 878 (3.60%) C++
12 835 (3.42%) ES6
13 602 (2.47%) PL/SQL
14 553 (2.27%) Ruby
15 415 (1.70%) C
16 401 (1.64%) PowerShell
17 334 (1.37%) VBA
18 328 (1.34%) Apple Swift
19 309 (1.27%) Shell Script
20 303 (1.24%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 1,177 (4.83%) Security Cleared
2 989 (4.05%) Degree
3 900 (3.69%) SC Cleared
4 310 (1.27%) Computer Science Degree
5 207 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
6 98 (0.40%) DV Cleared
7 65 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
8 63 (0.26%) Master's Degree
9 57 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
10 49 (0.20%) DBS Check
11 46 (0.19%) PhD
12 26 (0.11%) AWS Certification
13 24 (0.098%) MCSE
14 19 (0.078%) ISTQB
15 18 (0.074%) CTC Cleared
16 16 (0.066%) Sun Certification
17 14 (0.057%) ITIL Certification
17 14 (0.057%) Oracle Certification
18 12 (0.049%) MCSA
18 12 (0.049%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 670 (2.75%) QA
2 137 (0.56%) Data Quality
3 71 (0.29%) WCAG
4 64 (0.26%) GDPR
5 45 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
6 38 (0.16%) SLA
7 26 (0.11%) PMO
8 22 (0.090%) PSD2
9 15 (0.062%) IFRS
9 15 (0.062%) MiFID
10 14 (0.057%) HL7
11 13 (0.053%) IFRS 9
12 10 (0.041%) ISO 9001
12 10 (0.041%) WAI
13 9 (0.037%) Basel III
13 9 (0.037%) EMIR
14 7 (0.029%) PCI DSS
14 7 (0.029%) Solvency II
14 7 (0.029%) TickIT
15 6 (0.025%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 2,237 (9.17%) Docker
2 109 (0.45%) HDFS
3 105 (0.43%) Active Directory
4 76 (0.31%) VMware Infrastructure
5 69 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 58 (0.24%) vSphere
7 38 (0.16%) OpenAM
8 36 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
9 25 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
10 21 (0.086%) Firmware
10 21 (0.086%) OpenDJ
11 12 (0.049%) Time Sharing Option
12 11 (0.045%) Apache Flume
13 10 (0.041%) KVM
13 10 (0.041%) VirtualBox
14 9 (0.037%) Hyper-V
15 6 (0.025%) Microsoft App-V
16 5 (0.021%) Xen
17 4 (0.016%) OpenIDM
18 3 (0.012%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 888 (3.64%) Kubernetes
2 661 (2.71%) Ansible
3 421 (1.73%) Puppet
4 335 (1.37%) Opscode Chef
5 299 (1.23%) Terraform
6 151 (0.62%) Kibana
7 103 (0.42%) Grafana
8 100 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
9 71 (0.29%) Hadoop YARN
10 55 (0.23%) logstash
11 52 (0.21%) Cobbler
12 49 (0.20%) Prometheus
13 48 (0.20%) Docker Swarm
14 36 (0.15%) Mesos
15 29 (0.12%) Rancher
16 26 (0.11%) Graphite
17 25 (0.10%) Marathon
18 23 (0.094%) CloudHub
18 23 (0.094%) Control-M
19 18 (0.074%) CA Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 2,121 (8.70%) Microsoft
2 2,056 (8.43%) Oracle
3 702 (2.88%) Google
4 456 (1.87%) SAP
5 342 (1.40%) Tableau
6 302 (1.24%) Salesforce.com
7 289 (1.18%) IBM
8 282 (1.16%) Adobe
9 216 (0.89%) Splunk
10 215 (0.88%) ServiceNow
11 196 (0.80%) MuleSoft
12 179 (0.73%) Sitecore
13 173 (0.71%) Atlassian
14 152 (0.62%) Sybase
15 137 (0.56%) Xamarin
16 136 (0.56%) Informatica
17 111 (0.46%) hybris
17 111 (0.46%) Talend
18 108 (0.44%) TIBCO
19 103 (0.42%) Apple