Period
to 23 September 2019

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £475 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 2 1 1
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 19,547 25,846 23,898
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 24.29% 27.97% 26.53%
As % of the Job Titles category 25.79% 29.52% 27.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,314 19,155 17,643
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +7.14%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 128 157 211
England median hourly rate £43.50 £43.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +2.35% +6.25%
10th Percentile £25.00 £19.15 £25.75
90th Percentile £62.18 £68.00 £63.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £43.25 £42.50
% change year-on-year -1.73% +1.76% +6.25%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 75,783 87,549 85,483
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.18% 94.73% 94.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 50,323 58,175 56,433
England median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £263 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +2.78% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,520 2,818 2,530
England median hourly rate £20.00 £18.00 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -3.74% -1.58%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.09 £10.75
90th Percentile £53.75 £48.75 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £17.71 £18.92
% change year-on-year +12.96% -6.42% -0.09%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 11,060 £525 +2.44% 2,934
South East 0 2,715 £438 +2.94% 1,171
North of England 0 2,313 £413 +3.13% 1,541
Midlands 0 1,321 £413 +3.13% 882
South West -1 1,226 £430 +4.24% 685
North West 0 1,221 £400 +3.83% 916
Yorkshire 0 939 £425 +6.25% 491
West Midlands 0 818 £425 +6.25% 477
East of England 0 783 £425 - 609
East Midlands +1 488 £400 - 402
North East 0 153 £425 +13.33% 134
South Coast - 5 - -
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 7,783 (39.82%) Agile Software Development
2 6,791 (34.74%) JavaScript
3 5,276 (26.99%) Java
4 4,588 (23.47%) SQL
5 4,405 (22.54%) C#
6 4,374 (22.38%) HTML
7 4,168 (21.32%) .NET
8 4,115 (21.05%) CSS
9 3,896 (19.93%) TDD
10 3,456 (17.68%) Finance
11 3,398 (17.38%) AngularJS
12 2,988 (15.29%) React
13 2,795 (14.30%) Azure
14 2,771 (14.18%) SQL Server
15 2,588 (13.24%) Microservices
16 2,561 (13.10%) Git (software)
17 2,388 (12.22%) AWS
18 2,312 (11.83%) Python
19 2,308 (11.81%) Node.js
20 2,212 (11.32%) Scrum
21 2,148 (10.99%) Front End Development
22 2,077 (10.63%) DevOps
23 1,862 (9.53%) Docker
24 1,855 (9.49%) Web Services
25 1,836 (9.39%) MVC
26 1,775 (9.08%) Microsoft
27 1,769 (9.05%) Spring
28 1,745 (8.93%) HTML5
29 1,654 (8.46%) REST
30 1,638 (8.38%) BDD

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 494 (2.53%) Confluence
2 479 (2.45%) CMS
3 432 (2.21%) SharePoint
4 417 (2.13%) Elasticsearch
5 347 (1.78%) Apache
6 310 (1.59%) Apache Spark
7 199 (1.02%) WordPress
8 176 (0.90%) Drupal
9 167 (0.85%) Tomcat
10 134 (0.69%) Umbraco
11 130 (0.67%) IIS
12 129 (0.66%) WebSphere
13 128 (0.65%) JBoss
14 104 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 104 (0.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 84 (0.43%) SharePoint 2013
16 82 (0.42%) WebLogic
17 81 (0.41%) SAS
18 76 (0.39%) Mule
19 65 (0.33%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 335 (1.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 117 (0.60%) Photoshop
3 79 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
4 44 (0.23%) Adobe Illustrator
5 35 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 28 (0.14%) Sketch
7 27 (0.14%) MS Visio
8 24 (0.12%) GIMP
8 24 (0.12%) Zeplin
9 22 (0.11%) Chatbot
9 22 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
10 17 (0.087%) InVision
11 12 (0.061%) InfoPath
12 11 (0.056%) Adobe XD
13 8 (0.041%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 8 (0.041%) FileZilla
14 7 (0.036%) Notepad++
15 6 (0.031%) Adobe Captivate
15 6 (0.031%) Figma
16 4 (0.020%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 332 (1.70%) Dynamics CRM
2 170 (0.87%) Magento
3 72 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
4 49 (0.25%) Dynamics NAV
5 42 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
6 30 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 27 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
8 26 (0.13%) Endur
8 26 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
8 26 (0.13%) Oracle Receivables
9 25 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
10 24 (0.12%) NetSuite
10 24 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
11 23 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
11 23 (0.12%) Shopify
12 22 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
13 21 (0.11%) BASE24
14 20 (0.10%) ION MarketView
14 20 (0.10%) R3 Corda
15 19 (0.097%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 2,795 (14.30%) Azure
2 2,388 (12.22%) AWS
3 799 (4.09%) Power Platform
4 736 (3.77%) Serverless
5 492 (2.52%) GitHub
6 460 (2.35%) AWS Lambda
7 440 (2.25%) GCP
8 340 (1.74%) Dynamics 365
9 333 (1.70%) Amazon S3
10 302 (1.54%) Amazon EC2
11 259 (1.33%) OpenShift
12 247 (1.26%) Amazon SQS
13 238 (1.22%) npm
14 220 (1.13%) SaaS
15 213 (1.09%) PaaS
16 193 (0.99%) AWS CloudFormation
17 178 (0.91%) Office 365
18 148 (0.76%) Azure Functions
19 128 (0.65%) Amazon ECS
20 127 (0.65%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 267 (1.37%) HTTP
2 109 (0.56%) TCP/IP
3 88 (0.45%) Internet
4 83 (0.42%) FTP
5 67 (0.34%) SSL
6 50 (0.26%) DNS
7 40 (0.20%) Intranet
8 31 (0.16%) HTTPS
9 27 (0.14%) Firewall
10 26 (0.13%) AMQP
10 26 (0.13%) Ethernet
11 23 (0.12%) Bluetooth
11 23 (0.12%) SSH
12 20 (0.10%) VoIP
12 20 (0.10%) Wi-Fi
13 17 (0.087%) SMTP
14 16 (0.082%) Skype
15 14 (0.072%) IPv6
15 14 (0.072%) Kerberos
15 14 (0.072%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,771 (14.18%) SQL Server
2 1,037 (5.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 964 (4.93%) MySQL
4 836 (4.28%) Data Warehouse
5 819 (4.19%) NoSQL
6 762 (3.90%) PostgreSQL
7 745 (3.81%) Relational Database
8 741 (3.79%) Power BI
9 673 (3.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 651 (3.33%) MongoDB
11 479 (2.45%) Big Data
12 391 (2.00%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 327 (1.67%) Oracle Database
14 304 (1.56%) Hadoop
15 226 (1.16%) Amazon RDS
16 207 (1.06%) Amazon Redshift
17 203 (1.04%) Redis
18 198 (1.01%) RDBMS
19 196 (1.00%) Azure SQL Database
20 186 (0.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 2,561 (13.10%) Git (software)
2 1,395 (7.14%) Jenkins
3 1,051 (5.38%) JIRA
4 561 (2.87%) Maven
5 535 (2.74%) Visual Studio
6 504 (2.58%) JUnit
7 452 (2.31%) Selenium
8 437 (2.24%) webpack
9 414 (2.12%) TeamCity
10 369 (1.89%) Cucumber
11 357 (1.83%) Bitbucket
12 333 (1.70%) Jasmine
13 332 (1.70%) Team Foundation Server
14 314 (1.61%) gulp
14 314 (1.61%) Mockito
15 305 (1.56%) Subversion
16 257 (1.31%) Grunt
17 228 (1.17%) Visual Studio Team System
18 225 (1.15%) Karma Test Runner
19 175 (0.90%) NUnit
General
1 3,456 (17.68%) Finance
2 1,632 (8.35%) Banking
3 874 (4.47%) Front Office
4 603 (3.08%) Public Sector
4 603 (3.08%) Retail
5 475 (2.43%) Investment Banking
6 439 (2.25%) Marketing
7 248 (1.27%) Telecoms
8 243 (1.24%) Law
9 230 (1.18%) Games
10 216 (1.11%) Financial Institution
11 171 (0.87%) Manufacturing
12 141 (0.72%) Back Office
13 119 (0.61%) Publishing
14 108 (0.55%) Electronics
15 107 (0.55%) Advertising
16 103 (0.53%) Legal
17 72 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
18 65 (0.33%) Retail Banking
19 59 (0.30%) Automotive
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,374 (22.38%) HTML
2 4,168 (21.32%) .NET
3 4,115 (21.05%) CSS
4 3,398 (17.38%) AngularJS
5 2,988 (15.29%) React
6 2,308 (11.81%) Node.js
7 1,855 (9.49%) Web Services
8 1,769 (9.05%) Spring
9 1,745 (8.93%) HTML5
10 1,654 (8.46%) REST
11 1,539 (7.87%) RESTful
12 1,428 (7.31%) ASP.NET
13 1,155 (5.91%) jQuery
14 1,103 (5.64%) Redux
15 1,090 (5.58%) CSS3
16 988 (5.05%) .NET Core
17 980 (5.01%) JSON
18 965 (4.94%) XML
19 956 (4.89%) .NET Framework
20 942 (4.82%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 1,447 (7.40%) Greenfield Project
2 1,090 (5.58%) User Experience
3 689 (3.52%) Analytical Skills
4 618 (3.16%) Mobile App
5 325 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
6 323 (1.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 296 (1.51%) Derivative
8 269 (1.38%) Fixed Income
9 255 (1.30%) Hedge funds
10 254 (1.30%) Data Structures
11 253 (1.29%) Algorithms
12 244 (1.25%) Equities
13 221 (1.13%) Self-Motivation
14 157 (0.80%) Virtual Team
15 156 (0.80%) Linux Command Line
16 110 (0.56%) Management Information System
17 107 (0.55%) Equity Derivative
18 97 (0.50%) NHS
19 85 (0.43%) Cloud Native
20 73 (0.37%) Digital Media
Operating Systems
1 1,305 (6.68%) Linux
2 638 (3.26%) Unix
3 595 (3.04%) Android
4 566 (2.90%) Windows
5 497 (2.54%) Apple iOS
6 129 (0.66%) Mac OS X
7 53 (0.27%) CentOS
8 46 (0.24%) Windows Server
9 42 (0.21%) Mac OS
10 41 (0.21%) Ubuntu
11 39 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 38 (0.19%) tvOS
13 37 (0.19%) VMS
14 32 (0.16%) AIX
15 25 (0.13%) OpenVMS
16 24 (0.12%) Windows 10
17 19 (0.097%) HPUX
17 19 (0.097%) Windows Server 2012
18 18 (0.092%) Windows Server 2008
19 15 (0.077%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,783 (39.82%) Agile Software Development
2 3,896 (19.93%) TDD
3 2,588 (13.24%) Microservices
4 2,212 (11.32%) Scrum
5 2,148 (10.99%) Front End Development
6 2,077 (10.63%) DevOps
7 1,836 (9.39%) MVC
8 1,638 (8.38%) BDD
9 1,608 (8.23%) Continuous Integration
10 1,576 (8.06%) Test Automation
11 1,378 (7.05%) Business Intelligence
12 1,279 (6.54%) Software Engineering
13 1,220 (6.24%) OO
14 1,189 (6.08%) Web Development
15 1,099 (5.62%) Unit Testing
16 924 (4.73%) ETL
17 920 (4.71%) Problem-Solving
18 911 (4.66%) E-Commerce
19 871 (4.46%) Analytics
20 817 (4.18%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 6,791 (34.74%) JavaScript
2 5,276 (26.99%) Java
3 4,588 (23.47%) SQL
4 4,405 (22.54%) C#
5 2,312 (11.83%) Python
6 1,261 (6.45%) TypeScript
7 1,147 (5.87%) Java 8
8 1,071 (5.48%) PHP
9 714 (3.65%) ES6
10 706 (3.61%) T-SQL
11 661 (3.38%) C++
12 615 (3.15%) Scala
13 528 (2.70%) Ruby
14 464 (2.37%) PL/SQL
15 360 (1.84%) PowerShell
16 351 (1.80%) Kotlin
17 320 (1.64%) C
18 270 (1.38%) VB.NET
19 258 (1.32%) Shell Script
20 256 (1.31%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 1,072 (5.48%) Security Cleared
2 825 (4.22%) SC Cleared
3 720 (3.68%) Degree
4 231 (1.18%) Computer Science Degree
5 104 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
6 101 (0.52%) DV Cleared
7 74 (0.38%) AWS Certification
8 41 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
9 38 (0.19%) DBS Check
10 29 (0.15%) Master's Degree
11 22 (0.11%) ISTQB
11 22 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
12 17 (0.087%) MCSE
12 17 (0.087%) PhD
12 17 (0.087%) Sun Certification
13 16 (0.082%) ISEB
14 13 (0.067%) CTC Cleared
15 12 (0.061%) OCPJP
16 11 (0.056%) BC Cleared
17 10 (0.051%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 455 (2.33%) QA
2 125 (0.64%) Data Quality
3 69 (0.35%) WCAG
4 51 (0.26%) GDPR
5 41 (0.21%) MiFID
6 34 (0.17%) SLA
7 21 (0.11%) PCI DSS
8 17 (0.087%) PMO
9 15 (0.077%) EMIR
10 14 (0.072%) Disclosure Scotland
11 12 (0.061%) PSD2
12 10 (0.051%) MISRA
13 9 (0.046%) IFRS
14 8 (0.041%) COREP
14 8 (0.041%) HL7
15 6 (0.031%) Dodd-Frank
15 6 (0.031%) FINREP
15 6 (0.031%) ISO 9001
16 5 (0.026%) GAAP
16 5 (0.026%) MISRA C
System Software
1 1,862 (9.53%) Docker
2 169 (0.86%) Active Directory
3 55 (0.28%) HDFS
4 39 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
4 39 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
5 24 (0.12%) Postfix
6 23 (0.12%) vSphere
7 18 (0.092%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
8 17 (0.087%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 14 (0.072%) Oracle RAC
10 11 (0.056%) OpenAM
10 11 (0.056%) VirtualBox
11 8 (0.041%) Firmware
12 6 (0.031%) NDS
12 6 (0.031%) NetIQ eDirectory
12 6 (0.031%) Varnish
13 4 (0.020%) Apache Flume
13 4 (0.020%) VMware ESXi
14 3 (0.015%) LXC
14 3 (0.015%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 1,033 (5.28%) Kubernetes
2 387 (1.98%) Terraform
3 352 (1.80%) Ansible
4 111 (0.57%) Puppet
5 69 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
6 65 (0.33%) Opscode Chef
7 64 (0.33%) Kibana
8 55 (0.28%) Grafana
9 38 (0.19%) Hadoop YARN
10 35 (0.18%) Control-M
10 35 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
11 30 (0.15%) Tivoli
12 28 (0.14%) logstash
13 26 (0.13%) SCCM
14 22 (0.11%) Microsoft Intune
15 21 (0.11%) Mesos
16 19 (0.097%) MIIS
17 18 (0.092%) NetIQ Identity Manager
18 16 (0.082%) Marathon
18 16 (0.082%) Packer
Vendors
1 1,775 (9.08%) Microsoft
2 1,335 (6.83%) Oracle
3 478 (2.45%) Google
4 429 (2.19%) Salesforce.com
5 365 (1.87%) SAP
6 332 (1.70%) Tableau
7 230 (1.18%) IBM
8 215 (1.10%) ServiceNow
9 198 (1.01%) Adobe
10 165 (0.84%) MuleSoft
11 145 (0.74%) Sitecore
12 141 (0.72%) Atlassian
13 134 (0.69%) Xamarin
14 132 (0.68%) Informatica
15 91 (0.47%) Red Hat
15 91 (0.47%) TIBCO
16 88 (0.45%) Splunk
17 87 (0.45%) Talend
18 86 (0.44%) Sybase
19 82 (0.42%) Zend