Period
to

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
20 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 4 2 2
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 13,345 10,286 10,265
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 18.80% 22.34% 23.52%
As % of the Job Titles category 20.16% 24.08% 25.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,427 7,694 7,529
10th Percentile £388 £325 £331
25th Percentile £462 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £675 £603 £575
90th Percentile £775 £700 £663
UK median daily rate £550 £498 £475
% change year-on-year +10.44% +4.84% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 123 98 62
10th Percentile £32.80 £21.03 £14.54
25th Percentile £37.63 £34.00 £21.31
Median hourly rate £55.00 £50.00 £43.50
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +14.94% -5.43%
75th Percentile £73.75 £60.38 £52.50
90th Percentile £77.50 £66.50 £63.00
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +22.22% +5.88% -5.56%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 66,197 42,724 40,980
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.26% 92.78% 93.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 47,223 29,544 27,597
10th Percentile £313 £288 £250
25th Percentile £425 £388 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +2.63% -
75th Percentile £640 £588 £575
90th Percentile £743 £675 £660
UK median daily rate £525 £480 £465
% change year-on-year +9.38% +3.23% -1.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,821 1,444 1,453
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.43 £11.63
25th Percentile £15.50 £14.36 £14.00
Median hourly rate £22.50 £21.50 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year +4.65% +13.16% +2.70%
75th Percentile £49.25 £43.75 £37.50
90th Percentile £64.75 £56.50 £51.75
UK median hourly rate £23.91 £22.42 £19.00
% change year-on-year +6.65% +18.00% +5.56%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 20 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -1 8,744 £600 +14.29% 2,177
North of England -1 1,139 £475 +11.76% 809
South East -11 784 £500 +11.11% 538
North West 0 726 £500 +25.00% 476
Midlands -5 604 £450 +12.50% 493
South West -2 532 £500 +5.82% 332
West Midlands -3 424 £475 +18.75% 311
Yorkshire -5 359 £450 +2.27% 249
East of England -9 238 £492 +9.33% 279
East Midlands -2 178 £438 +25.00% 182
North East -8 65 £500 +5.26% 87
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 20 May 2022, Developer contract jobs required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 4,754 (35.62%) Agile
2 3,999 (29.97%) JavaScript
3 3,878 (29.06%) Java
4 3,200 (23.98%) SQL
5 2,973 (22.28%) React
6 2,895 (21.69%) C#
7 2,836 (21.25%) Azure
8 2,770 (20.76%) Finance
9 2,752 (20.62%) .NET
10 2,225 (16.67%) Python
11 2,211 (16.57%) AWS
12 2,201 (16.49%) HTML
13 2,194 (16.44%) Microservices
14 2,064 (15.47%) TDD
15 2,028 (15.20%) DevOps
16 2,004 (15.02%) CSS
17 1,896 (14.21%) CI/CD
18 1,872 (14.03%) Social Skills
19 1,849 (13.86%) Git (software)
20 1,842 (13.80%) Full Stack Development
21 1,739 (13.03%) SQL Server
22 1,712 (12.83%) Banking
23 1,697 (12.72%) TypeScript
24 1,627 (12.19%) Software Engineering
25 1,595 (11.95%) Docker
26 1,521 (11.40%) Node.js
27 1,483 (11.11%) AngularJS
28 1,399 (10.48%) Spring
29 1,278 (9.58%) Front Office
30 1,269 (9.51%) Kubernetes

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 382 (2.86%) Confluence
2 258 (1.93%) SharePoint
3 187 (1.40%) Elasticsearch
4 184 (1.38%) CMS
5 177 (1.33%) Apache
6 139 (1.04%) Drupal
7 117 (0.88%) Apache Spark
8 72 (0.54%) JBoss
9 64 (0.48%) Red Hat Fuse
9 64 (0.48%) WebSphere
10 63 (0.47%) WebLogic
11 60 (0.45%) OpenEdge
12 58 (0.43%) Mule
13 57 (0.43%) Tomcat
14 55 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
15 51 (0.38%) WordPress
16 45 (0.34%) IIS
17 43 (0.32%) Oracle Coherence
17 43 (0.32%) Sitecore CMS
18 37 (0.28%) nginx
Applications
1 212 (1.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 69 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
3 36 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
4 28 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 22 (0.16%) MS Visio
6 17 (0.13%) Photoshop
7 14 (0.10%) Sketch
8 11 (0.082%) Chatbot
9 9 (0.067%) Adobe XD
9 9 (0.067%) InDesign
9 9 (0.067%) InfoPath
10 8 (0.060%) Adobe Illustrator
10 8 (0.060%) Microsoft Project
11 6 (0.045%) Camtasia
11 6 (0.045%) FileZilla
11 6 (0.045%) Oracle Smart View
11 6 (0.045%) Simulink
12 5 (0.037%) Adobe After Effects
12 5 (0.037%) Adobe Premiere
12 5 (0.037%) Snagit
Business Applications
1 76 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 40 (0.30%) Shopify
3 20 (0.15%) Endur
3 20 (0.15%) Magento
4 17 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
5 15 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
6 14 (0.10%) Oracle 11i
6 14 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
7 13 (0.097%) Dynamics NAV
7 13 (0.097%) Oracle EBS
7 13 (0.097%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 11 (0.082%) Dynamics AX
8 11 (0.082%) Oracle Applications
8 11 (0.082%) RMDS
8 11 (0.082%) SunGard Martini
9 10 (0.075%) SAP Hybris
10 9 (0.067%) Cognos Business Intelligence
11 8 (0.060%) Distributed Ledger
11 8 (0.060%) Oracle Receivables
11 8 (0.060%) TIBCO iProcess
Cloud Services
1 2,836 (21.25%) Azure
2 2,211 (16.57%) AWS
3 670 (5.02%) GCP
4 655 (4.91%) Power Platform
5 540 (4.05%) Serverless
6 447 (3.35%) GitHub
7 320 (2.40%) AWS Lambda
8 201 (1.51%) PowerApps
9 190 (1.42%) npm
10 175 (1.31%) Amazon S3
11 170 (1.27%) Azure Service Bus
11 170 (1.27%) SaaS
12 166 (1.24%) OpenShift
13 145 (1.09%) Amazon EC2
13 145 (1.09%) Azure Logic Apps
14 143 (1.07%) Power Automate
15 142 (1.06%) Azure Functions
16 139 (1.04%) Azure Data Factory
17 131 (0.98%) Microsoft 365
18 124 (0.93%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 144 (1.08%) HTTP
2 85 (0.64%) Internet
3 42 (0.31%) HTTPS
4 38 (0.28%) FTP
4 38 (0.28%) TCP/IP
5 37 (0.28%) DNS
5 37 (0.28%) MQTT
6 32 (0.24%) RTMP
7 31 (0.23%) Multicast
8 29 (0.22%) FIX Connectivity
9 24 (0.18%) SSL
10 23 (0.17%) DSL
10 23 (0.17%) Intranet
11 18 (0.13%) Network Security
12 15 (0.11%) AMQP
12 15 (0.11%) ATM
13 14 (0.10%) Kerberos
14 13 (0.097%) SMTP
14 13 (0.097%) SSH
15 10 (0.075%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,739 (13.03%) SQL Server
2 601 (4.50%) Relational Database
3 594 (4.45%) PostgreSQL
4 536 (4.02%) Power BI
5 528 (3.96%) MySQL
6 470 (3.52%) NoSQL
7 466 (3.49%) MongoDB
8 389 (2.91%) Data Warehouse
9 375 (2.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 304 (2.28%) Oracle Database
11 259 (1.94%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 202 (1.51%) Big Data
13 200 (1.50%) Redis
14 176 (1.32%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 164 (1.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 138 (1.03%) Azure SQL Database
17 134 (1.00%) RDBMS
18 131 (0.98%) Tableau
19 95 (0.71%) Hadoop
20 89 (0.67%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 1,849 (13.86%) Git (software)
2 1,077 (8.07%) Jenkins
3 880 (6.59%) JIRA
4 499 (3.74%) Maven
5 343 (2.57%) GitLab
6 322 (2.41%) JUnit
7 318 (2.38%) Visual Studio
8 302 (2.26%) TeamCity
9 294 (2.20%) webpack
10 203 (1.52%) Bitbucket
11 200 (1.50%) Cucumber
12 195 (1.46%) Gradle
13 182 (1.36%) Selenium
14 161 (1.21%) Subversion
15 157 (1.18%) Cypress.io
16 153 (1.15%) Mockito
17 144 (1.08%) Team Foundation Server
18 134 (1.00%) NUnit
19 132 (0.99%) Artifactory
20 119 (0.89%) Grunt
General
1 2,770 (20.76%) Finance
2 1,872 (14.03%) Social Skills
3 1,712 (12.83%) Banking
4 1,278 (9.58%) Front Office
5 840 (6.29%) Investment Banking
6 658 (4.93%) Public Sector
7 641 (4.80%) Analytical Skills
8 243 (1.82%) Retail
9 207 (1.55%) Marketing
10 191 (1.43%) Games
11 167 (1.25%) Telecoms
12 128 (0.96%) Law
13 123 (0.92%) Legal
14 121 (0.91%) Manufacturing
15 94 (0.70%) Back Office
16 92 (0.69%) Electronics
17 91 (0.68%) Presentation Skills
18 88 (0.66%) Financial Institution
19 68 (0.51%) Publishing
20 62 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,973 (22.28%) React
2 2,752 (20.62%) .NET
3 2,201 (16.49%) HTML
4 2,004 (15.02%) CSS
5 1,521 (11.40%) Node.js
6 1,483 (11.11%) AngularJS
7 1,399 (10.48%) Spring
8 1,241 (9.30%) REST
9 996 (7.46%) Spring Boot
10 919 (6.89%) RESTful
11 844 (6.32%) .NET Core
12 810 (6.07%) HTML5
13 752 (5.64%) Web Services
14 716 (5.37%) .NET Framework
15 690 (5.17%) ASP.NET
16 677 (5.07%) Kafka
17 590 (4.42%) JSON
18 535 (4.01%) XML
19 514 (3.85%) Redux
20 496 (3.72%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 694 (5.20%) User Experience
2 622 (4.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 574 (4.30%) Greenfield Project
4 486 (3.64%) Derivative
5 477 (3.57%) Fixed Income
6 396 (2.97%) Equities
7 361 (2.71%) Hedge funds
8 324 (2.43%) Mobile App
9 301 (2.26%) Algorithms
10 299 (2.24%) Data Structures
11 198 (1.48%) Data Protection Act
12 196 (1.47%) Cloud Native
13 145 (1.09%) Self-Motivation
13 145 (1.09%) Virtual Team
14 117 (0.88%) Enterprise Software
15 107 (0.80%) NHS
16 106 (0.79%) Public Cloud
17 103 (0.77%) Legacy Systems
18 99 (0.74%) Blockchain
19 97 (0.73%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 820 (6.14%) Linux
2 457 (3.42%) Windows
3 398 (2.98%) Unix
4 347 (2.60%) Android
5 315 (2.36%) Apple iOS
6 47 (0.35%) Mac OS X
7 37 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 32 (0.24%) Windows Server
9 30 (0.22%) Mac OS
10 23 (0.17%) Windows 10
11 19 (0.14%) AIX
12 18 (0.13%) VMS
13 17 (0.13%) CentOS
14 10 (0.075%) Solaris
15 8 (0.060%) Mesosphere
16 7 (0.052%) Embedded Linux
16 7 (0.052%) Ubuntu
17 6 (0.045%) zOS
18 5 (0.037%) Oracle Linux
19 4 (0.030%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,754 (35.62%) Agile
2 2,194 (16.44%) Microservices
3 2,064 (15.47%) TDD
4 2,028 (15.20%) DevOps
5 1,896 (14.21%) CI/CD
6 1,842 (13.80%) Full Stack Development
7 1,627 (12.19%) Software Engineering
8 1,261 (9.45%) Scrum
9 1,253 (9.39%) Front End Development
10 1,172 (8.78%) Test Automation
11 1,014 (7.60%) Problem-Solving
12 985 (7.38%) Analytics
13 866 (6.49%) Business Intelligence
14 822 (6.16%) OO
15 796 (5.96%) Continuous Integration
16 771 (5.78%) MVC
17 752 (5.64%) Unit Testing
18 735 (5.51%) Multithreading
19 696 (5.22%) Web Development
20 694 (5.20%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 3,999 (29.97%) JavaScript
2 3,878 (29.06%) Java
3 3,200 (23.98%) SQL
4 2,895 (21.69%) C#
5 2,225 (16.67%) Python
6 1,697 (12.72%) TypeScript
7 600 (4.50%) C++
8 453 (3.39%) PHP
8 453 (3.39%) T-SQL
9 381 (2.86%) PL/SQL
10 330 (2.47%) Kotlin
11 315 (2.36%) Scala
12 295 (2.21%) Go
13 273 (2.05%) PowerShell
14 239 (1.79%) C
15 230 (1.72%) Ruby
16 212 (1.59%) ES6
17 184 (1.38%) Shell Script
18 162 (1.21%) Apple Swift
19 142 (1.06%) Bash
Qualifications
1 1,096 (8.21%) Security Cleared
2 916 (6.86%) SC Cleared
3 419 (3.14%) Degree
4 194 (1.45%) Computer Science Degree
5 149 (1.12%) DV Cleared
6 116 (0.87%) BPSS Clearance
7 40 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
8 35 (0.26%) AWS Certification
9 22 (0.16%) PhD
10 18 (0.13%) Master's Degree
11 16 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
12 12 (0.090%) ITIL Certification
13 10 (0.075%) CFA
13 10 (0.075%) DBS Check
14 9 (0.067%) ISTQB
15 8 (0.060%) CTC Cleared
16 7 (0.052%) MBA
16 7 (0.052%) Sun Certification
17 6 (0.045%) Tableau Certification
18 5 (0.037%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 374 (2.80%) QA
2 261 (1.96%) Accessibility
3 85 (0.64%) Data Quality
4 53 (0.40%) WCAG
5 50 (0.37%) GDPR
6 45 (0.34%) PMO
7 23 (0.17%) SLA
8 12 (0.090%) IFRS
9 11 (0.082%) PCI DSS
10 10 (0.075%) MiFID
10 10 (0.075%) SEPA
11 7 (0.052%) IFRS 17
12 5 (0.037%) COREP
12 5 (0.037%) FINREP
12 5 (0.037%) WAI
13 4 (0.030%) Dublin Core
13 4 (0.030%) EMIR
13 4 (0.030%) GRC
13 4 (0.030%) HL7
13 4 (0.030%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 1,595 (11.95%) Docker
2 86 (0.64%) Active Directory
3 35 (0.26%) HDFS
4 23 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
5 22 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
6 19 (0.14%) vSphere
7 13 (0.097%) VMware NSX
8 10 (0.075%) NFS
8 10 (0.075%) Oracle RAC
9 9 (0.067%) Varnish
10 8 (0.060%) GridGain
11 7 (0.052%) Postfix
12 6 (0.045%) KVM
12 6 (0.045%) Slurm Workload Manager
12 6 (0.045%) Time Sharing Option
13 5 (0.037%) Samba
14 2 (0.015%) NDS
14 2 (0.015%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 2 (0.015%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
14 2 (0.015%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,269 (9.51%) Kubernetes
2 535 (4.01%) Terraform
3 315 (2.36%) Ansible
4 134 (1.00%) Grafana
5 116 (0.87%) Prometheus
6 76 (0.57%) Kibana
7 57 (0.43%) Puppet
8 49 (0.37%) Opscode Chef
9 40 (0.30%) Consul
10 38 (0.28%) ITRS Geneos
11 33 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
12 21 (0.16%) Istio
13 17 (0.13%) MIIS
13 17 (0.13%) PowerCLI
14 16 (0.12%) vRealize
15 15 (0.11%) logstash
16 14 (0.10%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
17 12 (0.090%) BladeLogic
17 12 (0.090%) vRealize Orchestrator
18 11 (0.082%) WMI
Vendors
1 1,158 (8.68%) Microsoft
2 1,102 (8.26%) Oracle
3 305 (2.29%) Google
4 249 (1.87%) SAP
5 237 (1.78%) Salesforce.com
6 152 (1.14%) IBM
7 139 (1.04%) ServiceNow
8 125 (0.94%) TIBCO
9 115 (0.86%) Databricks
10 105 (0.79%) ION Trading
11 95 (0.71%) Adobe
12 89 (0.67%) Sitecore
13 87 (0.65%) Atlassian
14 72 (0.54%) Splunk
15 64 (0.48%) DevExpress
16 60 (0.45%) Progress
17 59 (0.44%) Sybase
18 57 (0.43%) Apple
19 54 (0.40%) Informatica
20 47 (0.35%) Red Hat