Period
to 29 July 2021

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £511 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 12,333 7,810 20,503
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 21.58% 23.92% 24.55%
As % of the Job Titles category 23.17% 25.58% 25.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,267 5,725 15,115
10th Percentile £350 £331 £331
25th Percentile £413 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £511 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.20% +5.26% +2.70%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £700 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 113 49 129
10th Percentile £19.70 £15.35 £23.85
25th Percentile £30.00 £21.25 £38.00
Median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +17.65% -10.53% +11.76%
75th Percentile £64.00 £55.00 £57.50
90th Percentile £67.70 £63.38 £61.36
UK median hourly rate £48.27 £40.25 £46.00
% change year-on-year +19.91% -12.50% +8.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 53,226 30,529 78,894
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.12% 93.50% 94.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 36,969 20,648 53,320
10th Percentile £300 £263 £270
25th Percentile £400 £375 £370
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £690 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £468
% change year-on-year +5.26% +1.60% +3.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,726 1,008 2,438
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.53 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.63 £14.25 £13.50
Median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% +4.91%
75th Percentile £43.00 £42.63 £43.75
90th Percentile £57.56 £52.65 £52.35
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £18.70
% change year-on-year - +6.95% +6.86%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Daily rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in England.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in England

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in England

Developer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 7,872 £550 +2.33% 2,699
North of England 0 1,173 £431 +6.30% 1,314
South East -3 966 £440 -2.22% 842
North West -1 662 £413 +3.13% 750
Midlands -1 579 £404 -3.87% 769
South West -1 533 £450 -5.26% 460
Yorkshire 0 406 £463 +12.12% 406
West Midlands -1 383 £425 -0.70% 468
East of England -3 245 £450 - 363
East Midlands -4 182 £360 - 298
North East 0 105 £500 +17.65% 158
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 4,434 (35.95%) Agile Software Development
2 3,755 (30.45%) JavaScript
3 3,730 (30.24%) Java
4 2,758 (22.36%) SQL
5 2,592 (21.02%) React
6 2,479 (20.10%) Finance
7 2,314 (18.76%) .NET
8 2,226 (18.05%) C#
9 2,203 (17.86%) Azure
10 2,067 (16.76%) TDD
11 2,043 (16.57%) AWS
12 2,005 (16.26%) HTML
13 1,854 (15.03%) Microservices
14 1,852 (15.02%) Full Stack Development
15 1,846 (14.97%) Python
16 1,809 (14.67%) CSS
17 1,720 (13.95%) DevOps
18 1,716 (13.91%) Social Skills
19 1,676 (13.59%) Git (software)
20 1,593 (12.92%) AngularJS
21 1,579 (12.80%) Docker
22 1,525 (12.37%) Banking
23 1,497 (12.14%) Node.js
24 1,474 (11.95%) Spring
25 1,465 (11.88%) Software Engineering
26 1,407 (11.41%) TypeScript
27 1,341 (10.87%) Kubernetes
28 1,236 (10.02%) SQL Server
29 1,179 (9.56%) Scrum
30 1,130 (9.16%) REST

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 327 (2.65%) Confluence
2 234 (1.90%) SharePoint
3 210 (1.70%) CMS
4 209 (1.69%) Apache Spark
5 183 (1.48%) Apache
6 134 (1.09%) Elasticsearch
7 110 (0.89%) WebLogic
8 96 (0.78%) WordPress
9 95 (0.77%) Mule
10 84 (0.68%) Tomcat
11 82 (0.66%) Drupal
12 79 (0.64%) Oracle Coherence
13 74 (0.60%) JBoss
14 69 (0.56%) BizTalk Server
14 69 (0.56%) IIS
15 62 (0.50%) nginx
16 60 (0.49%) WebSphere
17 54 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
18 51 (0.41%) Red Hat Fuse
19 50 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 162 (1.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 61 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
3 34 (0.28%) Photoshop
4 22 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 20 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
6 18 (0.15%) Sketch
7 16 (0.13%) Chatbot
8 15 (0.12%) Adobe XD
8 15 (0.12%) Figma
9 14 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 14 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
10 12 (0.097%) Adobe Captivate
10 12 (0.097%) InfoPath
11 9 (0.073%) InVision
11 9 (0.073%) MS Visio
12 6 (0.049%) Microsoft Project
13 5 (0.041%) Zeplin
14 4 (0.032%) Blender
14 4 (0.032%) InDesign
14 4 (0.032%) Oracle Smart View
Business Applications
1 97 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 93 (0.75%) Magento
3 41 (0.33%) Shopify
4 34 (0.28%) SunGard Martini
5 27 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
6 25 (0.20%) ION MarketView
7 23 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
8 21 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
9 17 (0.14%) Maximo
10 16 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
10 16 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 15 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
12 14 (0.11%) Summit
13 13 (0.11%) NetSuite
13 13 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
14 11 (0.089%) Oracle BPM
14 11 (0.089%) Oracle Financials
14 11 (0.089%) Orchestrade
15 10 (0.081%) Oracle General Ledger
16 8 (0.065%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 2,203 (17.86%) Azure
2 2,043 (16.57%) AWS
3 887 (7.19%) Serverless
4 566 (4.59%) AWS Lambda
5 547 (4.44%) GCP
6 538 (4.36%) Power Platform
7 351 (2.85%) GitHub
8 302 (2.45%) Amazon S3
9 250 (2.03%) Amazon SQS
10 177 (1.44%) AWS Step Functions
11 173 (1.40%) PaaS
12 162 (1.31%) Azure Functions
12 162 (1.31%) SaaS
13 142 (1.15%) npm
14 132 (1.07%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 132 (1.07%) OpenShift
15 129 (1.05%) Azure Service Bus
15 129 (1.05%) PowerApps
16 124 (1.01%) Amazon EC2
17 122 (0.99%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 176 (1.43%) HTTP
2 85 (0.69%) Internet
3 69 (0.56%) TCP/IP
4 62 (0.50%) SSL
5 32 (0.26%) HTTPS
6 27 (0.22%) Intranet
7 22 (0.18%) RTMP
8 17 (0.14%) AMQP
9 16 (0.13%) VPN
10 15 (0.12%) DNS
11 14 (0.11%) Ethernet
12 13 (0.11%) Broadband
12 13 (0.11%) Firewall
12 13 (0.11%) FTP
13 12 (0.097%) SMS
14 10 (0.081%) FIX Connectivity
14 10 (0.081%) Wireless
15 9 (0.073%) Kerberos
15 9 (0.073%) Skype
16 8 (0.065%) 2G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,236 (10.02%) SQL Server
2 511 (4.14%) Relational Database
3 477 (3.87%) NoSQL
4 460 (3.73%) PostgreSQL
5 457 (3.71%) Power BI
6 436 (3.54%) MySQL
7 408 (3.31%) MongoDB
8 352 (2.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 340 (2.76%) Data Warehouse
10 317 (2.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 252 (2.04%) Big Data
12 233 (1.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 215 (1.74%) Oracle Database
14 195 (1.58%) Amazon RDS
15 184 (1.49%) Redis
16 181 (1.47%) Azure SQL Database
17 174 (1.41%) Hadoop
18 152 (1.23%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 125 (1.01%) Tableau
20 114 (0.92%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,676 (13.59%) Git (software)
2 1,092 (8.85%) Jenkins
3 723 (5.86%) JIRA
4 497 (4.03%) Maven
5 333 (2.70%) JUnit
6 298 (2.42%) Visual Studio
7 249 (2.02%) Bitbucket
8 239 (1.94%) TeamCity
9 232 (1.88%) Subversion
10 219 (1.78%) Cucumber
11 192 (1.56%) webpack
12 183 (1.48%) Selenium
13 175 (1.42%) GitLab
14 171 (1.39%) Mockito
15 149 (1.21%) Gradle
16 140 (1.14%) Cypress.io
17 132 (1.07%) Jasmine
18 102 (0.83%) Artifactory
19 92 (0.75%) Mocha
20 90 (0.73%) gulp
General
1 2,479 (20.10%) Finance
2 1,716 (13.91%) Social Skills
3 1,525 (12.37%) Banking
4 1,110 (9.00%) Front Office
5 746 (6.05%) Investment Banking
6 490 (3.97%) Analytical Skills
7 415 (3.36%) Public Sector
8 288 (2.34%) Retail
9 224 (1.82%) Marketing
10 180 (1.46%) Telecoms
11 160 (1.30%) Manufacturing
12 134 (1.09%) Games
13 111 (0.90%) Law
14 105 (0.85%) Presentation Skills
15 98 (0.79%) Back Office
16 87 (0.71%) Documentation Skills
17 83 (0.67%) Electronics
18 81 (0.66%) Financial Institution
19 59 (0.48%) Publishing
20 51 (0.41%) Influencing Skills
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,592 (21.02%) React
2 2,314 (18.76%) .NET
3 2,005 (16.26%) HTML
4 1,809 (14.67%) CSS
5 1,593 (12.92%) AngularJS
6 1,497 (12.14%) Node.js
7 1,474 (11.95%) Spring
8 1,130 (9.16%) REST
9 1,065 (8.64%) Web Services
10 874 (7.09%) Spring Boot
11 867 (7.03%) RESTful
12 746 (6.05%) .NET Core
13 729 (5.91%) HTML5
14 578 (4.69%) Kafka
15 532 (4.31%) Redux
16 518 (4.20%) ASP.NET
16 518 (4.20%) JSON
17 485 (3.93%) .NET Framework
17 485 (3.93%) XML
18 480 (3.89%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 717 (5.81%) User Experience
2 562 (4.56%) Greenfield Project
3 540 (4.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 448 (3.63%) Fixed Income
5 382 (3.10%) Derivative
6 374 (3.03%) Mobile App
7 366 (2.97%) Data Structures
8 276 (2.24%) Algorithms
9 228 (1.85%) Equities
10 225 (1.82%) Data Protection Act
11 198 (1.61%) Enterprise Software
12 147 (1.19%) Hedge funds
13 141 (1.14%) Cloud Native
14 129 (1.05%) Self-Motivation
15 118 (0.96%) Legacy Systems
16 101 (0.82%) Management Information System
17 100 (0.81%) Credit Risk
18 99 (0.80%) Market Risk
19 86 (0.70%) Virtual Team
20 77 (0.62%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 815 (6.61%) Linux
2 519 (4.21%) Unix
3 425 (3.45%) Android
4 404 (3.28%) Windows
5 339 (2.75%) Apple iOS
6 43 (0.35%) Mac OS
7 33 (0.27%) Mac OS X
8 24 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 23 (0.19%) Windows Server
10 18 (0.15%) CentOS
11 15 (0.12%) Windows 10
12 13 (0.11%) VMS
13 9 (0.073%) Debian
13 9 (0.073%) Embedded Linux
14 8 (0.065%) tvOS
14 8 (0.065%) Windows Server 2016
15 6 (0.049%) Android TV
15 6 (0.049%) Windows Server 2019
16 5 (0.041%) Windows Server 2012
17 4 (0.032%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,434 (35.95%) Agile Software Development
2 2,067 (16.76%) TDD
3 1,854 (15.03%) Microservices
4 1,852 (15.02%) Full Stack Development
5 1,720 (13.95%) DevOps
6 1,465 (11.88%) Software Engineering
7 1,179 (9.56%) Scrum
8 1,065 (8.64%) Test Automation
9 1,045 (8.47%) Front End Development
10 916 (7.43%) Continuous Integration
11 797 (6.46%) BDD
12 783 (6.35%) Problem-Solving
13 755 (6.12%) Unit Testing
14 714 (5.79%) MVC
15 703 (5.70%) Business Intelligence
16 661 (5.36%) OO
17 645 (5.23%) Multithreading
18 633 (5.13%) SDLC
19 610 (4.95%) Analytics
20 563 (4.56%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 3,755 (30.45%) JavaScript
2 3,730 (30.24%) Java
3 2,758 (22.36%) SQL
4 2,226 (18.05%) C#
5 1,846 (14.97%) Python
6 1,407 (11.41%) TypeScript
7 738 (5.98%) C++
8 682 (5.53%) Java 8
9 541 (4.39%) Scala
10 518 (4.20%) Kotlin
11 474 (3.84%) PHP
12 373 (3.02%) PL/SQL
13 276 (2.24%) T-SQL
14 267 (2.16%) ES6
15 264 (2.14%) Go
16 234 (1.90%) Java 11
16 234 (1.90%) PowerShell
17 200 (1.62%) C
18 187 (1.52%) Ruby
19 183 (1.48%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 667 (5.41%) Security Cleared
2 545 (4.42%) SC Cleared
3 502 (4.07%) Degree
4 130 (1.05%) Computer Science Degree
5 69 (0.56%) DV Cleared
6 64 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
7 42 (0.34%) PhD
8 37 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
9 30 (0.24%) AWS Certification
10 29 (0.24%) Master's Degree
11 25 (0.20%) ISTQB
12 23 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
12 23 (0.19%) Sun Certification
13 19 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
14 17 (0.14%) DBS Check
14 17 (0.14%) OCPJP
15 14 (0.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 8 (0.065%) Six Sigma Green Belt
17 4 (0.032%) Cisco Certification
17 4 (0.032%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 322 (2.61%) QA
2 235 (1.91%) Accessibility
3 81 (0.66%) Data Quality
4 44 (0.36%) WCAG
5 39 (0.32%) GDPR
6 27 (0.22%) MiFID
7 26 (0.21%) PMO
8 21 (0.17%) SLA
9 11 (0.089%) GRC
10 8 (0.065%) ISO 20022
11 7 (0.057%) COREP
11 7 (0.057%) FINREP
12 6 (0.049%) EMIR
12 6 (0.049%) PCI DSS
12 6 (0.049%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 3 (0.024%) Basel III
13 3 (0.024%) CRD IV
13 3 (0.024%) Dublin Core
14 2 (0.016%) Dodd-Frank
14 2 (0.016%) IEC 61508
System Software
1 1,579 (12.80%) Docker
2 111 (0.90%) Active Directory
3 40 (0.32%) HDFS
4 23 (0.19%) Platform Symphony
5 17 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
6 16 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
7 14 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 9 (0.073%) vSphere
9 8 (0.065%) VMware ESXi
10 7 (0.057%) NFS
11 5 (0.041%) NDS
11 5 (0.041%) NetIQ eDirectory
12 4 (0.032%) OpenAM
12 4 (0.032%) Varnish
13 3 (0.024%) Firmware
13 3 (0.024%) GridGain
13 3 (0.024%) iptables
13 3 (0.024%) KVM
13 3 (0.024%) Postfix
13 3 (0.024%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,341 (10.87%) Kubernetes
2 531 (4.31%) Terraform
3 262 (2.12%) Ansible
4 123 (1.00%) Grafana
5 99 (0.80%) Prometheus
6 59 (0.48%) Puppet
7 54 (0.44%) Kibana
8 43 (0.35%) Opscode Chef
9 34 (0.28%) Control-M
10 26 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
11 17 (0.14%) vRealize Orchestrator
12 16 (0.13%) BladeLogic
12 16 (0.13%) ZABBIX
13 15 (0.12%) Istio
14 14 (0.11%) Graphite
15 13 (0.11%) Microsoft Intune
16 12 (0.097%) logstash
17 11 (0.089%) Hadoop YARN
18 10 (0.081%) Oozie
19 7 (0.057%) MIIS
Vendors
1 1,099 (8.91%) Oracle
2 823 (6.67%) Microsoft
3 278 (2.25%) Salesforce.com
4 260 (2.11%) Google
5 226 (1.83%) SAP
6 124 (1.01%) Adobe
6 124 (1.01%) MuleSoft
7 120 (0.97%) ServiceNow
8 107 (0.87%) Informatica
9 93 (0.75%) IBM
9 93 (0.75%) Splunk
10 84 (0.68%) ION Trading
11 81 (0.66%) webMethods
12 76 (0.62%) TIBCO
13 70 (0.57%) Atlassian
14 66 (0.54%) Xamarin
15 64 (0.52%) BEA
16 55 (0.45%) hybris
17 54 (0.44%) Databricks
17 54 (0.44%) Sybase